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Area Wage Survey
The York, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area
February 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




Area Wage Survey
The York, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area




February 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-47
April 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a rea s is d e ­
sig n ed to p r o v id e da ta on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s, and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r ea ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed f o r g r e a t e r in sig h t into (1) the m ov em en t o f w ag es
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a g e s am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
At the end o f e a ch su r v e y , an in div id u al a r e a b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r each a re a studied. A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u al a r e a b u lletin s f o r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t su m m a ry bu lletin is is s u e d .
The f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lletin . The se co n d part p r e s e n ts
in fo r m a t io n w h ich h as b e e n p r o je c te d fr o m in d iv id u al m e t ­
r o p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to g e o g r a p h ic re g io n s and the
U nited S ta tes.

In trod u ction __________________________________________________
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ------------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m ber stu d ied ______________________________________________________
2. In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ________________________
A.

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n _________________________
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n __
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p o w e r pi ant o c c u p a tio n s ___________________
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ____________

A pp en dix.

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s c u r r e n tly a re in clu d ed in the
p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s is c o lle c t e d
an n ually in e a ch a r e a . In fo rm a tio n on e sta b lish m en t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e su lts o f the s u r v e y in
Y o r k , P a ., in F e b r u a r y 1967. The Standard M etrop olita n
S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the B ureau of the Budget
th rou gh A p r il 1966, c o n s is t s o f A dam s and Y ork C ou n ties.
T h is study w as co n d u cte d b y the B u rea u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e
in N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., H e r b e r t B ie n s to c k , D ir e c t o r ; by
R o b e r t A . F in d la y , u n der the d ir e c tio n o f T h om as N.
W akin.
The study w as u nder the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f
F r e d e r i c k W. M u e lle r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r
W a g es and In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s .




1
3

areas.

* N O TE : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a re a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls in
the Y o r k a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r s e v e n s e le cte d
b u ildin g tr a d e s .

iii

2

3

5
7
8
9
10
13




Area Wage Survey---The York, Pa., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
O cc u p a tio n a l em p loy m en t and ea rn in g s data are shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ire d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N on p rod u ction b on u ses a re e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g
b on u ses and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a re in clu d ed . W h ere w eek ly h ou rs are
r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the sta n d ­
ard w ork w eek (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r
o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w eek ly earn in gs
fo r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have been roun ded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w hich the U.S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con d u cts su rv ey s of o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a rea w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts cu r re n t o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t and
ea rn in g s in fo r m a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the e sta b lish m en ts
v is ite d b y B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts in the last p r e v io u s su r v e y fo r
o c cu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is its w e r e m ade
to n o n re sp o n d e n ts and to th ose resp on d en ts re p o rtin g unusual changes
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In ea ch a r e a , data a re obtained fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
in d u stry g ro u p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese studies are g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s . E sta b lish m en ts
h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o r k e r s a re om itted b e c a u se
th ey tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the o ccu p a tio n s studied
to w a r ra n t in c lu s io n . S ep a ra te tabu lation s are p ro v id e d fo r each o f the
b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s w hich m eet p u blica tion c r it e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a reaw id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u stries and esta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job
staffin g and, thus, c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r each job .
The pay r e la tio n s h ip ob ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age sp re a d or d iffe r e n t ia l m ain tain ed am ong jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls
fo r m en and w om en in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s should not be
a ssu m ed to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the se x e s w ithin
in div idu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O ther p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m ay c o n t r ib ­
ute to d iffe r e n c e s in pay fo r m en and w om en in clu d e: D iffe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , sin c e on ly the actu al ra tes
paid in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a re a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the
sa m e su r v e y job d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m ­
p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and allow fo r m in or d iffe r e n c e s am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g all e sta b lis h m e n ts .
To
obtain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n of
la r g e than o f s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iven th eir a p p rop ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the esta b lis h m e n ts studied are p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry g rou pin g and a re a ,
e x ce p t fo r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber a c ­
tu ally su r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e stim a te s of o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t o b ­
tained fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te
the r e la tiv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied. T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion al s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
in gs data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in gs
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty o f
m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w ­
ing ty p e s : ( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ­
ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) cu stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t. O c ­
cu p a tion a l c la s s ifi c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n iform set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
d e s ig n e d to take a c c o u n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ithin
the sa m e jo b . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e lis te d and d e ­
s c r ib e d in the a p p en d ix. The ea rn in gs data follow in g the jo b title s a r e
fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . E a rn in gs data fo r som e o f the o c cu p a tio n s
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s ,
a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b les b e ca u se e ith e r ( l ) e m p lo y ­
m ent in the o c cu p a tio n is too sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it
p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u al e s ­
ta b lish m e n t data.




E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
T ab u lation s on s e le c t e d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b les) a re not p re se n te d in this
b u lletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d b ien n ia lly in
this a re a . T h e se ta bu la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x ­
p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w eek ly
h o u r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p en sion
plans
a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta bles) in p r e v io u s bu lletin s
fo r this a re a .

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in Y o r k ,
b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1967

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
N u m ber

P ercen t

3 15

106

6 4 ,8 0 0

100

35, 340

50
-

227
88

67
39

5 3 ,0 0 0
11, 8 00

82
18

2 7, 7 0 0
7, 6 4 0

50
50
50
50
50

22
8
37
10
11

13
4
11
4
7

3, 3 00
9 00
5, 6 00
1, 000
1, 000

5
1
8
2
2

2, 8 2 0
5 70
2, 9 9 0
560
700

A l l d i v i s i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 --------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 --------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6-----------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ----------S e r v ic e s 6 7
__
_ .

Pa. , 1

1 T h e Y o r k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s o f A d a m s a n d Y o r k
C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s
f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l an d th e 1963 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o
m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

F o u r - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e Y o r k a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c
i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c i f i c i n d u s t r ie s

M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) — 15

F o o t w e a r ( e x c e p t r u b b e r ) __________9
S e r v i c e in d u s t r y m a c h i n e s ------------ 5
H o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e ------------------------- 4
M e n 's a n d b o y s ' f u r n i s h i n g s -------- 4
O r d n a n c e --------------------------------------------- 4

A p p are l----------------------------------------- 11
Food products------------------------------ 9
Leather and leather products__ 9
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ----------------F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -------P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ----------

8
6
6

Textile m ill products-----------------

6

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d (date o f the a re a su r v e y con d u cted
b etw een Ju ly I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the in dex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n ge in w a g es fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
date o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f change o r in c r e a s e re la te to
w a g e ch a n g es b e tw e e n th e in d ica ted d a tes.
T h e se e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f ch a n ge in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; they a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay ch a n g es in the e sta b lish m en ts in the a r e a .
M eth od o f C om pu tin g

in the o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e con sta n t w eig h ts r e fle c t b a se y e a r
e m p loy m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) earn in gs fo r
each o c cu p a tio n w e r e m u ltip lie d b y the o c cu p a tio n w eigh t, and the
p r o d u c ts f o r a ll o c cu p a tio n s in the g rou p w e r e to ta le d . The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la te d by div id in g the a g g reg a te fo r
the la te r y e a r by the a g g re g a te fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu lta n t
r e la t iv e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t, sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n ge. The in d ex
is the p r o d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la tiv e (100) by the r e la tiv e
fo r the next s u c ce e d in g y e a r and continu in g to m u ltip ly (com pou nd)
each y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d ex . A v e r a g e ea rn in g s
fo r the fo llo w in g o c cu p a tio n s w e r e u se d in com p u tin g the w age tre n d s:

E a ch o f the s e le c t e d key occu p a tio n s w ithin an o c cu p a tio n a l
g rou p w as a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a sed on its p r o p o rtio n a te em p loy m en t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in York, P a .,
February 1967 and February 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(February 1961=100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group
February 1967

A ll industries:
Office clerical (m en and w o m en )--------Industrial nurses (men and w o m en )------Skilled maintenance (m en)--------------------Unskilled plant (m e n ) ----------------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerical (m en and w o m en )--------Industrial nurses (men and w o m en )------Skilled maintenance (m en)--------------------Unskilled plant (m e n ) -----------------------------

1

Data do not m eet publication criteria.




February 1966

February 1966
to
February 1967

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

February 1963
to
February 1964

February 1962
to
February 1963

February 1961
to
February 1962

120.1

114.3

5. 1

4 .3

3 .3

1 .4

2 .0

2 .6

(‘)
121.9
121.4

115. 1
114.1

(*)
5 .9
6 .5

<M
3 .7
1 .6

(*>
1.5
2 .6

(*)
3 .4
2 .8

<M
2 .8
4 .8

2 .8
1.6

122. 1

116.3

5 .0

5 .4

2 .8

1 .5

2 .4

3 .2

(*)
120.5
118.3

(l)

(M
6 .2
6. 1

<*>
3. 1
2 .5

( X)
1.3
1.8

(M
2 .8
2 .4

<l >
2 .5
3 .0

i 1)

i 1)

113.4
111.5

i 1)

3 .1
1.3

February 1960
to
February 1961

3 .4
5 .8
2 .5
1 .5

3 .5
5 .8
2 .5
1.5

4
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tren d s r e la te to w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o rm a l w o rk w e e k , e x c lu s iv e
o f ea rn in g s at o v e r t im e p r e m iu m r a te s .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s ,
they m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s,
ex clu din g p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s,
h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
The p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r
s e le c t e d key o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in ea ch g rou p .

C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e iv a b le
that ev en though a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w age in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ages m ay have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n te re d the a rea o r expanded th e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m ay h ave rem ain ed r e la tiv e ly co n s ta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m ay have risen c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
en tered the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s o f Data
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e, as m e a s u r e s o f
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by:
( l ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age ch a n g e s, (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by
in dividu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e
w a g es due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n ges in the p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .




The u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b
in clu d ed in the data. The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge r e fle c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e pay fo r str a ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
ch a n g es in standard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r by p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .
Data w e r e a d ju sted w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r ce n ta g e s o f ch an ge any sig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d
b y ch a n g es in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, York, Pa., February 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

$
50

M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

%

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

1 10

1 15

1 20

125

1 30

135

140

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

1 15

120

125

130

135

140

over

-

-

-

6
6

-

5
5

3
3

4
4
3

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

“

~

and
u n d er
55

and

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

18
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 1 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

$
8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

$
$
7 4 . 0 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 4 . 0 0 - 9 0 .5 0

ORDER -----------------------------------

18

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

9 4 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

4

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

21
17

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

6 6 . 0 0 - 7 7 .5 0
6 7 . 5 0 - 7 8 .5 0

_

2
2

3
2

3
1

6
5

5
5

-

-

-

-

2
2

B IL LE R S, MACHINE {B IL L IN G
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

51
30
21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 9 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

6 9 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

6 4 . 5 0 - 7 7 .0 0
6 6 .5 0 - 7 8 .0 0
5 9 .5 0 - 7 4 .0 0

2

4

8
4
4

15
11
4

8
5
3

5
5
“

4
3
1

5
2
3

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

15
15

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

84
53
31

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

6 5 . 0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 8 5 .5 0
5 8 . 5 0 - 8 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

30
15

3 9 .5
4 0 .5

9 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

91
67
24

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

57
16

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

33
18

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

CLERKS,

WOMEN

-

-

2

4

_

_

_

~

~

~

3
3

“

2
2

_

11

10
7
3

11
7
4

16
15
1

7
3
4

1
1

1
1

4
4

4
2
2

_

_

3
3

_

14
8
6

5
4
1

3
2
1

3
3

4
4

2
2

2
2

_

5
1

-

15
12
3

25
25
-

2
1
1

7
7

1
1
~

_

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
4

_

3
“

-

_

6
_

1

-

-

-

4
3
1

2
2

3
3

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
i

4
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

-

“

14

1

1

10

15
7
8

6
5
1

3
3

1
1

_

23
19
4
2

19
5
14
3

29
22
7
3

27
17
10
4

40
29
U
2

4
4

1

l
-

7
7

a
7

7 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

6 7 . 5 0 - 8 6 .5 0
7 4 . 5 0 - 9 0 .0 0
5 8 . 0 0 - 6 9 .5 0

_

10

-

-

10

11
4
7

6 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

5 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

5 7 .0 0 - 6 7 .0 0
6 4 . 0 0 - 7 9 .0 0

1
-

34
1

6
4

6
4

6
3

“

1
1

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

6 6 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

6 1 . 0 0 - 6 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0 - 7 3 .0 0

3
3

4
2

8
8

13

2
2

2
2

I
1

29
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 -

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

_

3

_
-

4
4

4
4

_

3

-

18
14

123
109

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 - 7 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0 - 7 8 .0 0

_

2
2

20
15

28
27

28
25

26
24

3
2

7
6

CLASS A —

55

4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

-

3

1

3

5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

145
49
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

6 4 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

5 9 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 -

_
-

44
7
37

35
9
26

17
7
10

13
4
9

11
6
5

SECRETARIES3--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -----------------

308
238
70
21

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

-

13
6
7

5
5
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A — .---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

51
46

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

S ee fo o t n o t e s




at end o f ta b le.

_

-

-

“

2
1
1
-

6
1
5
-

_

_

-

_

_

_

”

-

-

-

~

"

'

~

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_
”

_

7 9 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

-

6
6

-

-

7 5 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

“

-

-

11

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

1
1

_

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

1

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
8
2
1

41
36
5
2

15
15

17
17

21
21
-

10
10

“

26
23
3
3

-

4
3
1
l

4
2

6
6

8
8

2
2

4
4

6
6

-

_
-

-

*

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, York, Pa., February 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours12
( standard)

$

$

50

55

$

$

l

$

i

$

$

$

i

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

1 20

1 25

130

1 35

140

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

HQ

115

120

1 25

1 30

135

1 40

over

$
$
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

1
1

4
4

4
2
2

-

5
5
“

3
1
2

-

7
3
4

10
3
7

3
2
1

11
8
3

2
2
-

8
8
-

7
7
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

-

9 4 . 5 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0

1
1
-

-

2
2

-

4
3
1

8
3
5

13
10
3

9
3
6

14
11
3

7
6
l

19
19
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

8
8
-

15
15
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

2
1
1

7
4
3

5
5
-

10
7
3

7
1
6

15
12
3

4
4
“

8
8

4
4
-

9
6
3

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

12
4
8

10
7
3

27
23
4

22
20
2

23
17
6

19
19

8
8

3
3

5
5

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

4

2
2

19
18
1

6
5
1

12
7
5

26
19
7

4
4
-

5
5
-

-

1
_

1
_

1

1

16
14
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
11

3
3

and
u n d er
55

_
and
60

WOMEN-.CONTINUED
SECRETARIES34 -

CONTINUED
$
1 0 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

71
46
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

100.00

SECRETARIES* CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

108
87
21

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
88.00

9 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 1 1 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0

29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

8 3 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -

97
72
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

16
16

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

5 7 .0 0 - 6 4 .5 0
5 7 .0 0 - 6 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD 0PE RAT 0R-RECE PT I0N ISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

138
115
23

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

6 2 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 6 6 . 00-

86.00
88.00
7 8 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

34
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 8 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 -

7 7 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

64
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

8 1 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

9 0 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

185
153
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 5 9 .0 0 -

7 5 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
66 .00

SECRETARIES. CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

1 40

111

1 1 1 .0 0 1 1 4 . 5 0

1 1 1 .0 0 1 12 .0 0

1
1
-

7
1
6
1

11
1
1
-

-

1

4

11

2
28
23
5

11

16
11
5

15
12
3

5
4
1

11
8
3

12
12

9
9

8

6

2
1

1
1

1
l

12
12

11
11

5
5

9
9

10
8

6
6

33

36
33
3

55
54

22

18
17

4
4

3
3

13

_
-

-

1

-

-

2
15
9
6

20

11

-

1

2

2

22
22
-

1
1
2
2

-

-

1

19
3

1

3
3

1
1

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1
4
4

2
2

2
2

1
1

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is co m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y tota lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T he m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e
m o r e than the ra te sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te sh ow n .
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h
e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .
3 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
$

$
65

M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

(

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

*

t

$

%

$

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

1

1

13

1 13

13
17
13

8

i18
a

2
2

13

1

-

-

-

and
u n d er
70

MEN

1 5 1 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0

$
$
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

50

128*50

1C
OO
A A -1i 3
1 7t • UU
nn
I
C • UU
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

9 6 .5 0

9 8 .0 0

q •U
n U**!
n . i 1i tf • UU
ah
oo O
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0

$
io n c N t w L A od
yA M
i r n1iUKlfNu
n t Mr
nA
llUnr
r AC

u kat

a

80
O'*

....

n
tA
acc
d
U oK ACTCucrki
A r 1 o n c r i f rL L
oO D
UAMKC
AC
nAiMUr A
C TllDIM
1 UK I NC
b

•

. . .

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

? ♦ ,.* »

40

128

—~
164

rtn
iC T1C
u r i i 9 ULA5
r i i r fj L
r
UKAi
O ntIM
UAKn ir: * r-Ta m t Air
n A IN U rA L 1 UK l l>lb

60

5

4 0 .0

1

1
1

10

20

14

23
7
Cl1

37
37

5

6

11
1 I

30
30

15
15

13

1
1

2

-

2

7

1
1

13

WOMEN

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

-------

y*1AIN
AMiUicr AL
a r n in f Mr
1
1 UK l l N u -------------- ------------------------------

16
15

o o
o o

NURSES,

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta ble A - l .




1
1

-

s a la r ie s

-

2

3

-

5

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

(e x c lu s iv e o f pa y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, York, P a ., February 1967)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
$

B IL LE R S, MACHINE (B ILLIN G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

59
30
29

40.0
4 0.0
39.5

72 .0 0
72 .0 0
72 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------- ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

15
15

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

93 .5 0
93 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

84
53
31

40.0
39.5
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 7.50
67 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9.5
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

109
85
24

40.0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0
82.50
6 3 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

58
17

40.0
40.0

63 .0 0
73 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

33
18

39.5
3 9 .5

6 3 .5 0
63.50

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

47
37

40.0
40.0

81.50
7 8.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

132
117
15

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

74 .5 0
74.50
7 5.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —

55

<4-

147
49
98

40. C
4 0.0
4 0 .0

9 6.00
66 .5 0
7 1.50
64.00

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE BOYS AND G IRLS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

35
24

SECRETARIES1
2------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

310
2 39
71
21

39.5
39.5

$
71.00
7 4.00

-

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 -----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

19
17

39*5 1 0 4 . 0 0
39.5 107.50
40 .0
9 2.00
40 .0 101.00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------

20

4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

34
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

T Y P ISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

66
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

T Y P IST S, CLASS 8 --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

1 90
1 54
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
46

39.0
39 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

71
46
25

39.5
39.0
40 .0

105.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

109
88
21

39 .5
39.5
40.0

1 1 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

78
59
19

4 0.0
4 0.0
40 .0

9 4.00
96.00
88.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

142
111
31

40 .0
4 0.0
40 .0

8 3.00
8 5.50
7 5.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

80
69

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

97
72
25

39.5
39.5
39.5

92.00
93.50
87.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

182
169

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

16
16

40.0
40 .0

60 .5 0
6 0.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

122
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

138
115
23

39.5
39.5
40.0

74.50
75.00
71.50

112.50

1 1 1 .0 0

94.00
107.00
9 0.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

----------------------------------------------

15

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

16
15

s a la r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

o
o

44
25
19

o
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

100.00
109.50
87.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

Average
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

4 0 .0
4 Q .0

7 6 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 1
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
$
2 . 60 2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

t
3 .3 0

$

3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

S
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

*
4 .0 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 . 0 0

4 .2 0

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

-

6
6

-

4
4

-

3
2

3
-

9
9

8
8

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

-

20
20

6
6

26
26

41
41

7
7

8
8

-

“

2
2

_

-

4
4

_

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

-

-

4
4

_

2

9
9

_

-

6
6

_

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

-

~

-

-

~

-

-

2
2

3
2

10
10

1
1

2
2

_

8
8

12
12

10
10

3
3

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_
-

_

2
1

_

12
12

2

4
4

19
19

2

38
31

1

_

$
1 .7 0

TT ,
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
1 .7 0 un d er

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

38
34

$
2 .8 7
2 .8 6

$
3 .0 1
3 .0 3

$
$
2 .5 8 - 3 .1 2
2 . 5 0 - 3 .1 3

ELECTRICIAN S, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

134
131

3 .1 2
3 .1 0

3 .1 1
3 .1 1

2 .9 6 - 3 .2 0
2 .9 5 - 3 .1 9

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

24
24

2 .9 6
2 .9 6

3 .0 2
3 .0 2

2 .9 2 - 3 .0 9
2 .9 2 - 3 .0 9

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

68
67

2 .3 7
2 .3 8

2 .5 0
2 .5 1

1 .9 4 1 .9 5 -

8
8

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

93
80

2 .5 1
2 .5 2

2 .6 1
2 .5 5

2 .3 9 - 2 .6 7
2 .3 8 - 2 .6 7

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS* TOOLROOM

78
78

3 .1 3
3 .1 3

3 .1 3

2 .9 6 -

3 .3 2

7

3

2 .V G -

3,3d

(

3

68
60

3 .0 2
2 .9 4

2 .9 8
2 .8 9

2 .7 8 2 .7 7 -

3 .1 6
3 .1 4

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
22

93

3 .1 3
2 .7 6

2 .7 6 2 .5 7 3 .3 2 3 .3 3 -

3 .4 7
3 .0 3
3 .4 9
3 .4 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

3 .3 7

3 .3 1
2 .7 1
3 .4 3
3 .4 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1
_

3
3

- -

AliU
N IlP
ALfT1IlF
M IMP
rMiA
rM
U IM
yU

M ACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3-----------------------------------

36
57
56

3 .36

3 ,1 :5

2 .6 6
2 .6 6

-

-

“

-

_

“

"

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

1 17
1 13

2 .9 7
2 .9 4

3 .0 3
3 .0 2

2 . 6 6 - 3 .2 5
2 . 6 4 - 3 .2 2

_

OILERS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

26
26

2 .6 3
2 .6 3

2 .6 6
2 .6 6

2 .3 5 2 .3 5 -

3 .0 5
3 .0 5

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

18
18

2 .7 2
2 .7 2

2 .5 9
2 .5 9

2 .5 1 2 .5 1 -

3 .0 3
3 .0 3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE — ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

37
37

3 .0 6
3 .0 6

2 .7 9
2 » 79

2 . 7 4 - 3 .3 3
y T7 L — Tl.
\

_

-

_

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

133
133

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

3 .3 7
3 .3 7

3 .0 9 3 .0 9 -

_

3 .4 9
3 .4 9

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta ble A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

-

-

_

4
4

-

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

“

-

-

-

-

10
10

7
6
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

6
6

_

17

9

11

3
3

9
6

12
12

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

14
7
7
7

4
4

8
8

5
5

31
31

3
3
3
3

7

6

1
1

3

_

_

5

_

3

-

“

-

-

12
1
11
11

2
2

-

_

_

7
3

6
6

_

_

-

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

2

1
1

-

-

6
6

6
6

2
2

_

-

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

_

_

2

18

_

4
4

_

1

5
5

17
17

_

_

3

1

_

_

7
7

*

-

4
4

1
1

5
5

-

1

10
10

2

3
3

-

4

_

-

_

5
5

-

2
2

“

13

26
26

_

-

-

-

7
7

-

_

_

7

"

1
1

_

-

ID

-

_

3

8
8

-

_

3
3

_

2
2

_

-

_

12
9

-

1

10

2
2

~

1

14
14

-

-

"

1
1

-

10

4
4

-

9
9

1U

1 '

10
10

_

-

3
3

26

-

_

-

"

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

*

~

-

_

1

6

_

9
9

15
15

3

4
4

2

3

4
4

8
8

27
27

28
28

3

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, York, Pa. , February 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings2
mber

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
rfcers

M ean3

M edian3

M iddle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

184
183

$
2 .1 1
2 .1 2

$
2 .0 8
2 .0 8

$
$
1 .7 5 - 2 .3 6
1 .7 5 - 2 .3 6

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

70

2 .3 6

2 .2 5

1 .9 9 -

2 .6 3

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

113

1 .9 7

1 .8 8

1 .6 5 -

2 .3 4

1 .5 8 1 .6 5 1 .5 1 -

$
1 .5 0

£
1 .6 0

£
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2,.10

$
2 .2 0

£
2 .3 0

£
2..4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 . 60

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2,.20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2,.5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70 2 . 80

2 . 90

17
17

4
4

16
15

19
19

13
13

10
10

18
18

1
1

28
28

22
22

6
6

7
7

1
1

2
2

6
6

5

4

10

6

1

21

3

3

1

2

U n der
and
£
1 4 0 u n d er

~

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

£
3 .4 0

£
3 .5 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

over

~

-

~

14
14

-

”

-

-

14

14

9

-

12

-

7

19

6

4

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

67
44
23

11
10
1

29
22
7

19
8
11

14
13
1

10
8
2

53
52
1

41
41
~

24
24

20
20
-

19
16
3

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

9
9

-

-

8
2

1
1

5
5

4
3

_

4
2

7
7

4
4

4
1

-

3
3

1
1

14
14

53
53

54
54

35
16
19

2
2
2

2
2
2

43
43

_

-

38
33
5

48
48

4

43
42
1

22
22

-

42
37
5

178
178

-

69
30
39

45
41

-

65
43
22

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

134
134
1 34

48
48

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

14
14

_

1
1

1
1

2
2

4
4
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

3
3
~

75
75
75

216
216
2 16

17

2 .2 6
2 .2 9
1 .8 3

7
7

30
24
6

_

JANITORS* PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

353
2 91
62

1 .9 5
2 .0 2
1 .6 6

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

41
29

1 .8 9
1 .9 5

1 .9 8
2 .0 3

1 .6 3 1 .6 9 -

2 .1 6
2 .1 6

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4---------------------------

887
654
233
138

2 .2 9
2 .1 6
2 .6 8
3 .2 2

2 .2 4
2 .2 2
3 .2 1
3 .2 5

1 .8 5 1 .8 0 1 .8 9 3 .2 2 -

2 .8 1
2 .3 6
3 .2 6
3 .2 7

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 95
154

2 .3 6
2 .4 0

2 .4 4
2 .3 5

2 .1 4 2 .0 5 -

2 .5 6
2 .9 2

_

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

226
1 87

2 .1 2
2 .2 1

1 .8 7
1 .8 9

1 .7 5 1 .7 9 -

2 .3 9
2 .4 9

_

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

78
60
18

2 .3 4
2 .3 8
2 .2 0

2 .4 0
2 .4 2
2 .2 4

2 .1 9 2 .3 0 2 .0 3 -

2 .5 3
2 .5 3
2 .5 6

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

37
33

2 .3 9
2 .3 6

2 .3 9
2 .3 3

2 .1 5 2 .0 9 -

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

42
31

2 .3 2
2 .4 2

2 .2 9
2 .3 8

2 .1 0 2 .2 2 -

2 .6 7
2 .7 1

_

-

TRUCKDRIVERS5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4---------------------------

614
188
426
301

2 .8 1
2 .1 9
3 .0 8
3 .3 8

3 .0 2
2 .2 4
3 .4 0
3 .4 3

2 .2 9 1 .9 4 2 .5 9 3 .3 9 -

3 .4 3
2 .5 3
3 .4 5
3 .4 7

-

2
2

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

57
32
25

1 .8 6
1 .7 1
2 .0 4

1 .8 3
1 .5 7
1 .9 5

1 .5 6 1 .5 3 1 .8 5 -

2 .1 3
1 .6 0
2 .4 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

145
94

2 .2 6
2 .2 0

2 .2 7
2 .2 4

1 .9 9 1 .9 4 -

2 .5 4
2 .4 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

126
17
109

3 .0 4
2 .3 0
3 .1 5

3 .4 0
2 .1 8
3 .4 2

2 .5 8 2 .0 8 2 .9 6 -

3 .4 5
2 .6 0
3 .4 6




S
3 .0 0

15

-

1 .9 9
2 .1 3
1 .5 8

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,

$
$
£
2 . 70 2 . 80 2 . 9 0

$
1 .4 0

-

-

-

4

-

13
2

5
1

_

3
3

24
24

_

-

24
3

3
3

6
6

44
41

49
44

2
1
1

1
1

1
1

_

-

4
-

2
2
”

25
25
“

-

2
2

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

28
27

68
12

57

9
7

9
9

12
4

1
1

14
14

10
10

16
16

1
1

_

_

-

-

3
3
-

7
7
~

4

7
3
4

13
13
-

15
15
-

15
11
4

2
2
-

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

2

4
4

4
4

-

7
7

3
3

-

7
4

3
3

7
7

1
-

_

1
1

_

6
6

-

5
5

-

5
5

8
8

_

-

1
1

_

-

12
5

-

-

9
3
6
“

19
3
16
”

29
26
3
”

7
6
1

28
12
16
“

32
32
”

8
8
~

19
12
7
~

91
28
63
~

1
1
1

19
18
1
1

3
3
-

8
8
8

11
11

4
2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

“

1
1

2
2

4
3

4
3

25
24

9
8

_

_

_

“

“

~

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

8
8

13
13

_

3

_

-

-

-

3
_
~

-

_

“

_
"

28
28

-

-

"

~

_
-

_
-

_

_

27
13

_

_

-

16
16

-

_

_

-

_

-

~

-

4

“

4

_

_

-

-

7
7

_

4
4

1
“

12

30
30

3
3

9
9

37
3

6
6

4
4

_

_

-

-

3
3

23
23

_

~

8

“

-

-

_
-

14
1
13
“

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

_

_

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

65
65

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1967)1
5
4
3
2

1 D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
5 I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .







Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary woricers.

OFF IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations.
May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this m aterial. May keep records o f various types in con ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Com p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d ay-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25, (XX) persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

16

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and
o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f officia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, 000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone, switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited” telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e^&ension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

17
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik.
The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d a y supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woxker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18
PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN— Continue d

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recomm end minor design changes. Analyzes the effe ct of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pen cil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ings Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
o f machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the veh icle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the woik of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the follow ing; Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sh eet-m eta l
equ ipm ent and fixtures (such as m achine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) o f an establish­
m ent. Work in volves m ost o f the follow in g : Planning and layin g out all
types o f sh e e t-m e ta l m aintenance work from blueprints, m od els, or other
sp ecifica tion s; setting up and operating all available types o f s h e e t-m e ta l­
working m ach in es; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fittin g, and assem bling; and installing sh eet-m eta l articles
as required. In gen eral, the work o f the maintenance sh eet-m eta l worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equ iv alen t training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out o f work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s; using a
variety o f tool and die m aker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding o f the working properties o f com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f m achine tools and related equipm ent;
m aking necessary shop com putations relating to dimensions o f work, speeds,
feeds, and toolin g o f m achines; heattreating o f m etal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as o f finished tools and dies to ach ieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allow an ces; and selectin g appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m a ch in e-sh op and toolroom pra ctice usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equ ivalen t training and exp erien ce.

(D ie m aker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage m aker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form in g w ork. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry w age study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die job bin g shops are e x clu d ed from this classification .

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers betw een floors o f an o ffic e bu ildin g, apart­
m en t house, departm ent store, h otel, or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers
who operate elevators in con ju n ction with other duties such as those o f
starters and janitors are ex clu d ed .

or other establishm ent.
Duties in volve a com bin a tion o f the follow in g :
Sw eeping, m opping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; rem oving chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance
services; and clea n in g lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
sp ecialize in w indow washing are e x clu d e d .

GUARD AND W A T C H M A N
Guard.
Perform s routine p o lice duties, either at fix e d post or
on tour, m ain taining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatem en w ho are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em p loyees
and other persons entering.
W a tch m an .
property against fire,
JAN ITO R, PO RTER,

M akes rounds o f premises p eriod ica lly in protectin g
th eft, and ille g a l entry.
O R CLEANER

(S w eeper; charw om an; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly con dition factory w orking areas
and w ashroom s, or prem ises o f an o ffic e , apartment house, or c o m m e r c ia l




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock helper; w arehousem an or warehouse helper)
A worker em p lo y e d in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties in volve one or m ore o f the follow ing:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or p la cin g
m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage lo ca tio n ; and transporting m a­
terials or m erchandise by handtruck, car, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en,
who lo a d and unload ships are e x clu d e d .

22
ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For w age study purposes, workers are cla s sifie d as follow s:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockm an)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accord a n ce with sp ecifica tion s on sales slips, custom ers'
orders, or other instructions. M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating item s fille d or om itted , k eep records o f ou tgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipm ent or storage by p la cin g them
in shipping containers, the s p e cific operations perform ed being dependent
upon the type, size, and num ber o f units to be p a ck ed, the type o f c o n ­
tainer e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f shipm ent. Work requires the p la cin g o f
items in shipping containers and may in volve one or m ore o f the fo llo w in g :
K now ledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify content; selection
o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using ex celsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or dam age; closin g
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering iden tifyin g data on
container. Packers who also m ake w ooden boxes or crates are ex clu d ed .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is responsible
for in com in g shipments o f m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A kn ow ledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, av ailab le
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, m aking up b ills o f ladin g, posting w eigh t and shipping charges,
and keepin g a file o f shipping records. M ay direct or assist in preparing
the m erchandise for shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g work involves: V erify in g or
directing others in verify in g the correctness o f shipments against b ills o f
lading, in voices, or other records; ch eck in g for shortages and rejectin g
dam aged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and m aintaining necessary records and files.




R e c e iv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiv in g clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a c ity or industrial area to transport m a ­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or m en b etw een various types o f es­
tablishments such as: M anufacturing plants, freigh t depots, warehouses,
w holesale and retail establishments, or b etw een retail establishm ents and
custom ers' houses or places o f business.
M ay also lo a d or unload truck
w ith or w ithout helpers, make m inor m e ch a n ica l repairs, and k eep truck
in g ood working order.
D river-salesm en and o v e r -th e -r o a d drivers are
e x clu d e d .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and
type o f equipm ent, as follow s: (T r a c to r -tra ile r should be rated on the
basis o f trailer c a p a c it y .)
Truck driver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
TRUCKER,

(com b in a tion o f sizes listed separately)
ligh t (under 1 V2 tons)
m edium (1 V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (o v e r 4 tons, other than trailer type)

POWER

Operates a m anually con trolled g a so lin e - or e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are c la s sifie d by type o f truck,
as follow s:
Trucker, pow er (fork lift)
Trucker, pow er (oth er than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ----The seventh annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
tr a c e r s, job analysts, d irectors of personnel, m anagers of office
se r v ic e s, buyers, freight rate c le rk s, and clerica l e m p lo y e e s.
O rder as BLS Bulletin 1535, National
m inistrative, Technical, and C le rica l
50 cents a copy.

Survey of P ro fessio n a l, A d ­
Pay, February—M arch 1 9 6 6 .

☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -2 5 3 -6 0 6 /6 4




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le bu lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g d a t e s o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the bull etins is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the Superin ten den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in gto n , D . C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h io , June 1966 1_________________________________
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y ., A p r . 1966 1 -------------A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1966 1_____________________
A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a .—N. J . ,
F e b . 1966 1________________________________________________
Atla nta, G a . , M a y 1966 1 _________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Nov. 1966 1--------------------------------------------B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , May 1966 1____
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1966-----------------------------------------B o i s e C it y , Idaho, July 1966 1-----------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , O ct. 1966________________________________

1 4 6 5 -8 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,

30 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1530-2,
1 5 3 0 -1 6 ,

25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 cen ts
25 c e n ts

B u ff a lo , N . Y . , D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t . , M a r . 1966 ______________________________
Canton, O h io , A p r . 1966 1________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1966 1 ________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1966 1_____________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1966 1___________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io —K y .—I n d . , M a r . 1966 1 ______ _________
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1966 1__________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O ct . 1966 1_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1966 1________________________________

1 5 3 0 -3 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 0 ,
1465-67,
1 5 3 0 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

D a v e n p o r t —R o c k Is la n d—M o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
O ct . 1966 1______ ___________________________________________
D a yto n , O h io , Jan. 1967 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1966__________________________ ______
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, F e b . 1967-----------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 ________________________________
F o r t W o rt h , T e x . , N o v . 1966 1__________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , Aug. 1966 1__________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1966 1------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , June 1966 1 _______________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., D e c . 1966____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1967_______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1967 1 --------------------------------------K a n s a s C it y , M o . —K a n s . , N o v. 1966_____________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1966 1 ----------L it tle R o c k —N o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , Aug. 1966 1------L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1966 1____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 _________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , June 1966 1______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., A u g. 1966 1--------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1967----------------------------------M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1966_____________________________ —----Mid la nd and O d e s s a , T e x . , June 1966 1 -------------------------


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
1 Data on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area

Bu lle tin n u m be r
and p r i c e

M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1966______________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. Pau l, M in n., Jan. 1967 1 _______________
M u sk e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M ay 1966 1 _______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b . 1966 1 ______________
N e w H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 1967_____________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y ., A p r . 1966 1____________ _________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H am pto n, V a ., June 1966________________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , Aug. 1966 1______________________

1 4 6 5-6 1 ,
1 5 3 0-4 2 ,
14 6 5-7 2 ,
1 4 6 5-5 0 ,
15 3 0-4 1 ,
1 4 6 5-4 7 ,
1 4 6 5-8 2 ,

20ce n ts
30ce n ts
25cen ts
30cen ts
25cen ts
20ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1 4 6 5-77,
1 5 3 0 -6 ,

20cen ts
25cen ts

30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts

O m a h a , N e b r .—Iow a, O ct. 1966___________________________
P a t e r son—C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1966 1 ___________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N .J ., Nov. 1966 1______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r. 1966 1______________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov. 1966----------------------------------------------P o r t la n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1966 1______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u ck e t—W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M ay 1 9 6 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N . C . , Sept. 1966--------------------------------------------------R ic h m o n d , V a ., Nov. 1966________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1966 1 ________________________________

1 5 3 0-1 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 6 ,
15 3 0-3 5 ,
1 4 6 5-6 2 ,
15 3 0-4 6 ,
15 3 0-1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 3 ,

25cents
25cen ts
35ce n ts
25ce nts
30ce n ts
20cents
25cen ts

1 4 6 5-6 5 ,
1 5 3 0-7 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 3 ,
1 4 6 5-6 6 ,

25ce nts
20cents
25cen ts
25ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -1 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 5 3 0-4 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 ,
1 4 6 5-7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

30 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

St. L o u i s , M o .—111., O ct. 1966 1----------------------------------------Salt La ke C it y , Utah, D e c . 1966 1________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , June 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s id e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
Sept. 1966__________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1966 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O akla nd, C a l i f . , Jan. 1967 1______________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1966----------------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., M ay 1966 1________________________________
S c r a n to n , P a . , Au g. 1966---------------------------------------------------Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., O ct . 1966------------------------------------

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 3 0-3 3 ,
1 4 6 5-7 8 ,

30cen ts
25ce n ts
20cen ts

1 5 3 0-1 4 ,
1 5 3 0-2 4 ,
1 5 3 0-3 6 ,
1 5 3 0-1 0 ,
14 6 5-6 9 ,
1 5 3 0-3 ,
1 5 3 0-2 2 ,

25cents
25ce n ts
30cents
20ce nts
25ce n ts
20cen ts
25cen ts

15 3 0-4 3 ,
1 5 3 0-3 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5-8 0 ,
1530-1,

20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -5 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 9 ,
1 5 3 0-4 ,
1 5 3 0-4 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 1 ,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
25
25
25

S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1966 1_____________________________
Sp o kan e , W a s h ., June 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Sept. 1966 1 ______________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , F e b . 1966___________________________
T r e n t o n , N .J ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
W a s h in gto n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , O ct . 1966 1_________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1966 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1966 1______________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , O ct. 1966 1_____________ _________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1966 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1967------- ------ - ____ ______ _________________
Y o u n g s to w n —W a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1966___________________

1 5 3 0-1 2 ,
1 4 6 5-5 5 ,
1 4 6 5-7 5 ,
1 5 3 0-9 ,
1 4 6 5-4 9 ,
1 5 3 0-3 4 ,
15 3 0-1 5 ,
14 6 5-5 2 ,
1 5 3 0-2 1 ,
1 5 3 0-1 1 ,
1 4 6 5-8 3 ,
1 5 3 0-47,
1 5 3 0-2 9 ,

20ce n ts
25cen ts
20cents
25cents
20c e n ts
25cen ts
30cents
25ce nts
25cents
25cents
25c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25cents

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts