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Area Wage Survey

The Worcester, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area
June 1967

B u lletin No. 1 5 3 0 -8 1




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

REGION I — NEW ENGLAND

John F. Kennedy Federal Buildi
Government Center
Room 160 3-13
Boston, M ass. 02203
T e l.: 223-6762




REGION ll — \IID- ATI. AN TIC
34 1 Nin th A v e .
New Y o r k , N . Y . 1000!
T e l . : 97 1 - 5 4 0 5

REGION III— SOUTHERN

1371 Peachtree St. . NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
T e l.: 626-5418

REGIO N TV— NO RT H C EN TR A L

219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
T e l.: 353-7230

REGION V — WE STERN

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
T e l.: 556-4678

R E G IO N V I— M O U N T A IN -P L A IN S

Federal Office Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
K a n s a s City, M o . 64106
Tel.: 374-2481

Area Wage Survey

The W orcester, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area




June 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-81
July 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




P r e fa ce

C ontents
Page

The B u reau of La bo r Statistics p r o gr am of annual
occupational wage s u r v e y s in metro politan areas is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s t a b ­
li sh m en t p r a c t i c e s and supple m entary wage pro vision s. It
y ie ld s detailed data by s e le c t e d industry divisions for each
of the a r e a s studied, fo r geograp hic reg io n s, and for the
United State s.
A m a j o r consideration in the p r o g r a m is
the need fo r g r e a t e r insight into (1) the m ov em en t of wages
by occupational c a t e g o r y and skill le ve l, and (Z) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l of w a g e s among a reas and industry divisio ns.

Tables:
1.
2.

A.

E stab lish m en ts and w o r k e r s within scope of s u r vey and
number stu died____________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w e ek ly s a la r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t i m e
hourly earnings for s elec ted occupational gro ups, and
p ercen ts of change fo r s elec ted p e rio d s______________________________
Occupational e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. Off ice occupations—m en and w o m e n _________________ ___________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupations—m e n and w o m e n ___
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s i o n a l, and technical occupations—
m en and w o m en c o m b i n e d _______________________________________
A - 4 . Maintenance and powerplant o cc u p atio n s _______________________
A - 5. Custodial and m a t e r i a l m ov em en t occupations________________

Ap pendix.

Occupational d e s c rip tio n s___________________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s currently are included in the
p r o g r a m . Inform atio n on occupational earnings is c olle cted
annually in each a re a .
Information on establishm en t p r a c ­
t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a ry wage provisions is obtained b i e n ­
n ially in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This bulle tin p r es e n ts result s of the su r vey in
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , in June 1967.
The Standard M e t r o ­
politan S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through A p r i l 1 9 66 , c on sists of the city of W o rce ste r
and 21 towns in W o r c e s t e r County.
This study was c o n ­
ducted by the B u r e a u 's regio nal office in Boston, M a s s . ,
W e n dell D. M a cdo n ald , D ir e c t o r ; by Leo Epstein, under
the d irection of Paul V. M ulkern, A s s i s t a n t Regional D i ­
r e c t o r fo r W a g e s and Industrial Relations.




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : Sim ila r tabulations are available fo r other
(See inside back cover.)

A curren t report on occupational earnings and su pple­
m en tar y wage pro vis ion s in the W o r c e s t e r a rea is also
available for the m a c h in e r y industries (June 1966).
Union
s c a l e s , indicative of prevailin g pay le v e ls , are available
for seven s e le c t e d building tra d e s .

H
i

2

3

5
7
o o o
o

A t the end of each su rvey, an individual a rea b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s for each area studied. A fte r
com p le tion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is is sued.
The
f i r s t part b rin g s data fo r each of the metro po litan a re as
studied into one bulletin.
The second part pr esents i n fo r ­
m ation which has been pr o jec ted fr o m individual m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to rela te to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction__________________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for s e l e c t e d occupational g r o u p s ________________________________

1

13




Area W age Survey----The Worcester, Mass., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
Occupational em p lo ym en t and earnings data are shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s if ic a t io n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v e r t im e and for work on we ek ends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t - o f -l i v i n g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are
reporte d, as for office c l e r i c a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the n ea re s t half hour) for which em ployee s
r e c e iv e their regular s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a la r i e s (e xc lu siv e of pay for
o v e r t im e at regular a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n ea re s t half dollar.

This area is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. Dep artm en t of L a b o r 's
Bureau of Labor Sta tistic s conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and rela te d benefits on an areawide b a s i s .
This bulletin p r e s e n ts current occupational em ploym en t and
earnings info rm ation obtained la rgely by m ail fr o m the establishm ents
v is ited by Bureau field ec o n om ists in the last prev ious su rvey for
occupations reporte d in that ea r lier study. P e rs o n a l v isits w e r e made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previou s s u rvey .
In each a re a , data are obtained fr o m r epresen ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lish m en ts within si x broad industry divisio ns: Manufacturing; t r a n s ­
portation, c om m u n ica tio n , and other public utilities; w h o le sale tra de;
r etail trade; finance, in su ra n c e, and real estate; and s e r v i c e s .
Major
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are government o p e r a ­
tions and the con st ruction and ex tractive industries.
Estab lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to w arrant in clusi on . Separa te tabulations are provided for each of the
broad in du st ry d iv isio n s which mee t publication c r it e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s presen te d r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , areawide e s t i ­
m ates.
Industries and e sta blis h m en ts differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute diffe re ntly to the e s tim a tes for each job.
The pay rela tionship obtainable fr o m the a verages m ay fail to r efle ct
a ccu rately the wage sprea d or diffe rential maintained among jobs in
individual es t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i la r l y , d iffe re n ce s in average pay le vels
for men and wom en in any of the se lec ted occupations should not be
as s u m e d to r e fle c t d iffe re n ce s in pay treatm en t of the sex es within
individual e s ta b lis h m en ts . Other po s s ib le fa cto rs which may con trib ­
ute to diffe re n ce s in pay for men and women include: D if fe re n ces in
p r o g r e s s i o n within establis hed rate r a n g e s , since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are collec ted ; and diffe re n ce s in specific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s are approp riate ly c la s s if i e d within the
s a m e survey job de sc ription .
Job d e sc ription s used in cla ssifying e m ­
ployees in these s u rvey s are usually m o r e g en eraliz ed than those used
in individual e sta blish m en ts and allow for minor diffe re n ce s among
esta blish m en ts in the specific duties p e rfo r m e d .

T h e s e su r vey s are conducted on a sample basis becau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c os t involved in surveying all es ta b lis h m en ts .
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m in im u m cost, a gre ater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a l l e sta blish m en ts is studied. In combining the data,
h ow ev er, all es t a b lis h m e n t s are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim a te s b as e d on the e sta blis h m en ts studied are prese nte d, t h e r efo r e,
as relating to all es ta blis h m en ts in the industry grouping and are a,
except fo r those below the m in im u m size studied.

Occupational em p lo ym en t e s tim a tes r ep r es e n t the total in all
e sta blis h m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number a c ­
tually surveyed.
B ec a u s e of d i ffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among es t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s tim a tes of occupational employment o b ­
tained f r o m the sa m p le of e sta blis h m en ts studied s e r v e only to indicate
the rela tive im portance of the jobs studied. Th ese d iffe ren ces in o c c u ­
pational stru cture do not m a t e r i a l ly affect the a cc u r ac y of the e a r n ­
ings data.

Occupations and Earn ings
Th e occupations s elected for study are com m on to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing in du stries, and are of the fo llo w ­
ing t yp es : ( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fes s io n al and technical; (3) m a i n ­
tenance and powe rplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m o v e m e n t . O c ­
cupational c la s s if i c a t i o n is b ase d on a unifo rm set of job description s
desi gn ed to take account of in te resta blish m en t variation in duties within
the sa m e jo b . The occupations selected for study a re li sted and d e ­
s c r ib ed in the appendix. The earnings data following the job title s are
for all in du s tries c om b in ed. Earnings data for so me of the occupations
lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d , or for so m e industry divisions within occupations,
a re not pres e n te d in the A - s e r i e s tables because either ( l ) e m p lo y ­
ment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data to m er it
prese n ta tio n , or (2) th ere is po ssibilit y of dis c lo s u re of individual e s ­
tablish m ent data.




E stab li sh m en t P r a c t i c e s and Su pplemen tary Wage Pr ov is ion s
Tabulations on s elected establis h m en t pr a ctic es and s u p p le­
m en tar y wage pro vision s ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is c olle cted biennially in
this are a.
T h e s e tabulations on m i n im u m entrance s a la r i e s for i n e x ­
perienced wom en office w o r k e r s ; shift diffe re n tials; scheduled weekly
h ou rs; paid h olidays; paid vacation s; and health, insurance, and pension
plans
are presen te d (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previous bulletins
for this area.

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in W o r c e s t e r ,
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u n e 1967

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions________________________________________
Manufacturing______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s 5------------------------------------W holesale tra d e6 ----------------------------------------------Retail trade 6 ----------------- ---------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real e sta te0 ------ _
Services 6 7 ---------------------------------------------------------

Number of establishments

M ass. , 1

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study *

_

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

278

91

64, 000

100

38, 270

50

167
111

46
45

44, 800
1 9 , 200

70
30

26, 150
12, 120

50
50
50
50
50

15
18
50
19
9

10
6
14
9
6

7
2
13
7
1

3, 860
630
3, 580
3, 390
660

-

4,
1,
8,
4,

300
500
300
200
900

1 The W orcester Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through April 1966, con sists of the city of
W orcester, and the towns of Auburn, B erlin, Boylston, Brookfield, East Brookfield, Grafton, Holden, Leicester, M illbury, Northborough, Northbridge,
North B rookfield, Oxford, Paxton, Shrewsbury, Spencer, Sterling, Sutton, Upton, Westborough, and West Boylston in W orcester County.
The "w o rk ers
within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included
in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure
employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll
period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual and the 1963 Supplement were used in classifying establishm ents by
industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum lim itation.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (l) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosu re of individual establishment data.
7 H otels; personal se rv ic e s; business s e rv ic e s ; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural service s.

Over tw o-thirds of the workers within scope of the survey in the W orcester area
were employed in manufacturing firm s.
The following table presents the m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Machinery (except
electrical)____________________
P rim ary m e t a ls ______________ . . .
Stone, clay, and glass
pro du cts__________ ___________ . . .
Fabricated m etal products ___. . .
Leather and leather
pro du cts--------------------------------A p p a re l________________ ____ __ . . .

Specific industries

28
15
12
11

5

Special industry machinery
(except m etalw orking)_______ 13
Abrasive, asbestos, and
m iscellaneous nonmetallic
p roducts----------------------------------- . 12
Metalworking machinery and
equipm ent_____________________ 11
Blast furnaces, steelworks,
and rolling and finishing
m ills ___________________________
M iscellaneous prim ary
m etals___________________________ 6
Footwear (except ru b b e r)------- _ 5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials com piled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges of change
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffice c le ric a l w o r k er s and industrial n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earnings of selected plant worker g ro u p s . The in dexes
a re a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a given tim e , ex p r e s s e d as a percen t of
w a g es during the b a s e pe rio d (date of the area su rvey conducted
between July I9 6 0 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 f r o m the index
y ie lds the p e rc e n ta ge change in wages f r o m the b a s e period to the
date of the index.
The pe rc e n ta ge s of change or i n c r e a s e rela te to
wage changes bet ween the indicated dates.
T h e s e es t i m a t e s a re
m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r a g e s for the a re a; they a re not intended
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay changes in the establis h m en ts in the a r e a .
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h e s e constant weights r efle ct base year
em p lo y m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
The a v er a g e (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e m u lt ip lied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e r e totaled. The aggregate s
for 2 con secutive y e a r s w e r e

rela te d

by

dividing

the

aggregate for

the la te r y ear by the agg re ga te for the e a r li e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e la ti v e , l e s s 100 pe rce n t, shows the percenta ge change. The index
is the product of multiplying the b a s e y ea r rela tive (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding y e a r and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r ' s r ela tiv e by the p reviou s y e a r ' s index.
A v e r a g e earnings
for the following occupations w e r e u sed in computing the wage trends:

Each of the s e le c t e d key occupations within an occupational
group was a s s ig n e d a weight based on its proportionate em p lo ym en t
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and women):
B ook keep in g-m ach in e operators,
class B
C lerk s, accou n tin g, classes
A and B
C lerk s, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerk s, order
C lerk s, payroll
C om p tom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T a ble 2.

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en)—
Continued
S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
T ypists, classes A and B

S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
C arpe nters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (au tom otive)
Pa inters
P ipefitters
T o o l and die m akers
U nskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m a teria l handling

Industrial nurses (m en and wom en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for se le cte d occu patio n al groups in W orcester, M ass. ,
June 1967 and June 1966, and percents of change 1 for se le cte d periods
Indexes
(June 1961=100)

Percents o f change 1

Industry and o cc u p a tio n al group
June 1967

June 1966

June 1966
to
June 1967

June 1965
to
June 1966

June 1964
to
June 1965

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )-----------------Industrial nurses (m en and w om en )---------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) -------------------------U n sk illed p lan t (m e n )----------------------------------

12 3 .6
125.9
1 2 1 .0
1 2 9 .0

1 1 6 .9
1 1 8 .0
1 1 5 .2
1 2 1 .7

5 .7
6 .7
5 .0
5 .9

5 .5
6. 1
5 .7
6 .8

1 .9
3. 1
2. 8
1 .8

1 .6
0
1. 1
3. 3

2 .7
2. 1
1 .6
4 .2

4 .2
5 .6
3. 2
3 .9

3 .6
1. 1
3 .4
4 .7

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )-----------------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---------------S k ille d m ain ten ance ( m e n ) -------------------------U n sk illed p lan t ( m e n ) ----------------------------------

120.8
124.2
119.8
132. 1

1 1 4 .8
1 1 7 .4
1 1 3 .9
1 2 5 .7

5 .2
5 .7
5 .2
5 .1

3. 1
6 .6
5 .3
7 .6

2 .0
3 .2
2 .8
2. 1

1. 5
2- . 5
.9
3. 5

3 .2
1 .6
1 .4
3 .3

4. 2
5 .6
2 .8
7 .0

3 .7
1. 1
3 .4
3 .5

1 A ll ch anges are in creases, unless otherwise in dicated.
This d eclin e la rg e ly refle cts em ploy ee turnover within and between high- and low -w age establishm ents rather than w age decreases.




June 1963
to
June 1964

June 1962
to
June 1963

June 1961
to
June 1962

June 1960
to
June 1961

4
For o ffice c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial n u r s e s , the wage
trends relate to we ek ly s a la r i e s for the n o r m a l w o rkw eek , ex c lu sive
of earnings at o v e r t im e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k er g ro u ps,
they
m e a s u r e changes in a vera ge
s t r a i g h t -t i m e hourly earnings,
excluding p r e m i u m pay for o v e r t im e and for work on week en ds,
hol idays, and late shifts.
The p e rc e n ta ge s are b as e d on data for
selected key occupations and include m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the la bor fo rce can c au se i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a vera ge s without actual wage c h a n g e s . It is con ceiv ab le
that even though all es ta blis h m en ts in an a r e a gave wage i n c r e a s e s ,
a v er a ge wages may have declined b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g es t a b lis h m e n t s
entered the area or expanded their work f o r c e s .
S i m i la r l y , w a g es
m ay have rem ained relatively constant, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a re a
m ay have risen con siderably b ec a u s e h ig h e r-p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
entered the a re a.

Lim itations of Data
The indexes and p e rc e n ta ge s of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(l ) g en eral s a la r y and
wage chan ges,
(2) m e r i t or other i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by
individual w o r k e r s while in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in avera ge
wa ges due to changes in the labor fo r c e resulting f r o m labor turn ­
o ver, fo r c e expansi ons, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p lo yed by es ta blis h m en ts with different pay l e v e l s .




The use of constant em p loy m en t weights elim in a te s the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each job
included in the data. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change r eflec t only changes
in a v er a g e pay for s t ra ig h t -t im e h o u r s .
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard work sc h e d u le s , as such, or by p r e m i u m pay
for o v e r t i m e .
Data w e r e adjusted wh ere n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the index es and percen ta ges of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the s u r v e y .

5
A.
Table A-l.

Occupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

45

$

$
50

55

55

$

$

$

$

%

60

65

70

75

80

85

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

3

and
under
50

MEN
$
$
$
$
39.5 130.50 133.50 126.00- 142.00

-

~

-

-

27

38.0 103.50 104.00

96 . GO- 113.00

-

-

-

-

1

30
24

39.5
39.5

64.00
63.50

62.50
62.00

59 . 00- 68.00
58.00- 68.50

_

-

10
10

11
6

4
4

-

24

38.5

91.00

93.00

81.00- 104.00

1

4

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

47
28

38.5
37.5

74.50
67.50

76.00
73.00

60.00- 86.00
54.50- 78.50

10
4

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OP ERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

42
40

38.5
38.5

92.50
92.50

93.00
93.00

91.00- 95.00
91.00- 95.00

BO O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OP ER AT OR S,
CLASS B ------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

61
27
34

38.5
39.5
38.5

77.50
82.50
74.00

80.00
86.50
77.00

68.50- 88.00
72.50- 91.00
66.00- 86.00

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ --------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

174
100
74

39.0 105.00 110.00
39.5 108.00 111.50
38.0 101.50
99.00

CLERKS, AC COUNTING* CLASS B -------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

352
146
206

38.5
39.5
37.5

83.00
79.50
85.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS E --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

7C
33
37

39.0
40.0
38.5

CL ERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

117
35
82

CL ERKS, ORDER ------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------- -------

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A

118

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS B

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

“

11

1

4
4

3

1

4

3

2

7

2

25

12

25

27

5

-

10

-

2

-

-

-

-

6

1
-

1

3

1

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
5

4

-

WOMEN

8
8

4
4

~

“

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

-

2
2

_
-

3
3

1
1

8
4
4

5
2
3

87.00- 126.50
95.50- 127.00
79.00- 126.50

_

_
~

_

80.00
79.00
83.50

70.00- 100.00
69.00- 88.00
70.50- 102.00

_
-

_
-

66.50
72.00
61.50

66.00
71.50
63.00

61.50- 70.50
6 7.00- 80.50
60.50- 66.00

_

5

-

-

-

5

38.5
40.0
38.0

63.'50
69.00
61.00

64.50
69.00
62.50

59.00- 71.00
65.50- 78.00
57.00- 68.50

16

_

-

-

16

-

32
31

39.5
39.5

80.50
81.50

76.00
76.00

7 2 . SO­ 91.00
TS. GO- 96.50

_

1

-

-

CL ERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

145
88
57

39.0
39.5
38.0

87.50
87.00
87.50

84.50
86.00
84.00

75. 50— 98.00
75.00- 97.50
76.50- 99.00

-

-

C O M P TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S ---------------

50

38.0

79.50

86.00

70.00- 89.50

-

KEYP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

84
59
25

39.0
39.5
38.0

87.00
86.00
85.50
84.50
93.00 105.50

81.00- 93.50
81.00- 90.50
81.00- 108.00

-

-

See footnotes at end of table,




-

-

_

9
4

12
8

_

2

2

_

_

“

“

1
1

11
9
2

2
2

~

2
2

27
25

8
8

6
2
4

8
2
6

5
1
4

17
9
8

6
5
1

1
1

_

_

_

~

~

~

16
13
3

14
10
4

2
1
1

40
16
24

28
9
19

3
2
1

3
3

1
1

4
3
l

9
2
7

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

2

2

-

-

2

2

12
8
4

15
2
13

8
6
2

13
6
7

5
2
3

15
9
6

5
4
1

_
“

45
30
15

41
8
33

44
13
31

46
27
19

27
19
8

36
21
15

13
5
8

13
7
6

56
5
51

_

6
4
2

20

22
12
10

3
3

6
6

5
5

17
4
13

28
4
24

25
12
13

16
2
14

11
9
2

4
4

_

_

_

14
14

9
9

3
3

1
1

_

“

22
19
3

21
12
9

19
9
10

6
2
4

15
13
2

23
15
8

7
5
2

2
2

-

3
3

20

~

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

1

-

-

“

1

12
4
8

-

2

6

5

3

5

-

19

8

-

_

_

-

_
-

-

7
6
1

9
6
3

22
16
6

17
16
1

11
11

2
2

_

-

1

-

“

3
3

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

2
2
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2

-

-

10
10
-

-

1

-

15
2
13

6
Table A -l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en — ContinuecL

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

$

$

2
Me: i1

Median2

Middle range 2

50

55

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

55

60

_
-

$

$

$

$

$

$

i

$

$

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

5
5

37
8
29

28
15
13

29
19
10

40
7
33

29
15
14

14
6
8

1
1

-

$

$

t

$

5
5

30

135

140

150

130

135

140

150

160

2
1
1

10
8
2

6
5
1

4
3
1

_
-

4
4

5
5

3
3

and
under

WOMEN - CO NTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

188
75
113

39.0
39.5
38.5

$
74.00
75.50
72.50

$
74.00
74.00
75.00

$
66.0068.5064.00-

$
80.50
82.50
79.50

_
-

38.0

68.00

68.50

62.50- 74.50

-

I

1

14

3

9

5

2

39.0 102.50 103.50
39.0 106.00 105.50
97.00
97.50
38.5

92.50- 114.00
97.00- 114.50
82.00- 112.00

_
-

-

-

-

4
4

14
1
13

21
7
14

20
10
10

25
12
13

30
20
10

51
39
12

46
33
13

55
43
12

37
28
9

43
32
11

11
8
3

13
4
9

_

-

_

_

3

-

4

_

_

_

3
2

_

13
13

5
4

2

1

-

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------

35

SECRETARIES3 --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

392
254
138

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

43
31

39.0 116.00 114.50 110.50- 137.50
39.0 124.50 116.00 112.50-146.00

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

136
66
70

95.50- 117.00
39.0 105.00 107.00
39.5 108.50 108.00 101.00-118.50
38.5 102.50 104.50
89.50- 114.50

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

5
5

9
9

1
1

8
5
3

10
5
5

14
6
8

9
4
5

33
23
10

9
1
8

11
9
2

7
6
1

11
3
8

2
1
1

5
3
2

1
1

1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

84
47
37

39.5
99.50 101.00
89.50- 113.50
39.5 109.00 112.00 10 1 . GO- 117.00
39.0
87.00
88.00
79. 50- 99.00

_

_

-

-

4

1

5

4

8

“

4

1

5

4

8

9
5
4

9
6
3

10
4
6

5
4
1

13
12
1

12
12
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

129
110

39.0
38.5

98.00
97.50

99.00
99.00

90.00- 105.50
91.50- 104.50

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

11
10

9
7

11
10

28
27

24
23

17
16

2
2

15
7

_

_

“

5
l

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

193
153
40

39.0
39.5
38.0

81.50
81.50
81.50

82.00
82.50
77.50

73.50- 90.00
75.00- 89.50
69.50- 100.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
“

20
8
12

36
28
8

26
26
~

32
28
4

31
27
4

20
20

10
8
2

10
10

6
6
-

-

_
-

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

134
71

38.5
40.0

89.00
87.00

87.50
89.50

7 9 . CO- 96.50
81 .00- 94.00

_
-

_
“

_

_

_
“

8
1

33
15

18
12

16
9

23
20

10
8

8
4

2
-

8
2

4

CLASS A ----

43

39.5

89. 50

92.00

81 .GO- 97.50

-

-

-

-

-

5

8

4

3

13

6

5

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

37
33

38.0
38.0

75.50
72.00

71.50
71.00

6 5 . 50- 82.50
64.00- 74.50

_

_
-

7
7

2
2

6
6

12
12

i
1

_

1
1

1
-

_

_

7
4

SW ITCHBOARD OP ER AT CR -R EC EP TI 0N IS TS MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

10 5
73
32

39.5
40.0
38.5

80.50
80.00
81.00

79.00
79.00
79.00

73.50- 86.50
73.50- 84.50
74 . GO- 89.00

_
~

_
“

_
~

_
~

7
7
~

27
16
11

24
17
7

19
18
1

8
1
7

8
4
4

5
3
2

5
5

2
2

T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

86
63

38.0
37.5

76. 50
77.00

76.50
78.00

6 8 . 00- 84.00
68.00- 85.00

_

_

_

4
4

29
19

7
4

13
9

15
12

7
7

6
4

4
4

1

_

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

112
58
54

39.5
39.5
39.0

77.50
77.00
78.00

78.50
77.50
82.00

72.50- 85.50
73.50- 83.00
70. GO- 87.50

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

8
2
6

8
8

24
18
6

21
16
5

20
13
7

24
5
19

3
2
1

2
2

1
1

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

223
142
81

39.0
39.5
38.0

69.00
70.00
66.50

69.00
71.00
66.50

6 3 . 50- 74.50
65.50- 75.50
60.50- 72.00

_
-

_
-

29
10
19

39
23
16

54
31
23

52
42
10

30
20
10

15
14
1

_
-

3
2
1

1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

~

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

*

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the
higher rate.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, M ass,, June 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$
80

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

85

$

S

1

90

95

100

$

i

105

110

$
115

$

120

125

5

$
130

$
135

$

140

$

S

145

150

*
155

S
160

165

$
170

$

s
175

and
under

180
and

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

over

-

“

-

-

-

-

1
1

13
13

17
17

32
32

14
14

25
25

13
13

23
18

23
23

12
12

4
4

13
13

10
10

9
9

_
-

_

8
8

23
23

29
29

19
19

28
26

21
21

24
21

8
8

11
11

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

28
28

_

-

-

~

21

15

21

39
39

11

15

22
22

2
2

6

.
.

_

_

9
9

9
9

12
12

2
1

5
3

_

_

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

209
20 A

$
$
$
$
40.0 147.50 146.00 133.50-159.00
40.0 147.00 145.00 133.00-159.50

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLAS S B ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

202
197

40.0 123.00 123.50 113.00-134.00
40.0 122.50 123.00 113.00-133.50

_
-

DR AFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------I AMl IC A r T UKlOlb — — — . —— —
I
. —
.
.
nAINUrAb 11in TM/*
-

161

39.5 101.50 102.00

9

*

*

*

93.50-112.00
i r\ c n
73* UU*“1 1U* DU

_

-

2

WOMEN
NURSES, IN DU ST RI AL (REGISTERED) --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

53
48

39.5 111.50 111.00 103.00-118.50
39.5 1C9.50 109.00 102.50-117.50

.

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table k - 1 .




2
2

6
6

6

5

_

1
1

_

1

_

_

_

lalaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond

8
Table A -3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1967)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

Number
of
work ere

Weekly
(standard)

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CO NT IN UE D

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - C O NT IN UE D

38.5
37.5

$
74.50
67.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

188
75
113

39.0
39.5
38.5

$
74.00
75.50
72.50

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OP ERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

44
26

39.0
40.0

$
95.50
107.00

42
40

38.5
38.5

92.50
92. 50

OFFICE BOYS AND G I RL S---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

65
37
28

38.5
39.5
37.5

66.00
65.00
67.50

TABU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OP ER AT OR S,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

28
25

39.0
39.0

75.5 0
75.50

B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

61
27
34

38.5
39.5
38.5

77.50
82.50
74.00

S E C R E T A R I E S 2--------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- -

392
254
138

39.0 102.50
39.0 106.00
38.5
97.00

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

86
63

38.0
37.5

76.50
77.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

292
112

39.0 115.50
38.0 107.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

43
31

39.0 116.00
39.0 124.50

136

112
58
54

39.5
39.5
39.0

77.50
77.00
78.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

379
155
224

38.5
39.5
37.5

84.50
80.50
87.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70

39.0 105.00
39.5 108.50
38.5 102.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

224
143
81

39.0
39.5
38.0

69.00
70.00
66.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS E --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70
33
37

39.0
40.0
38.5

66.50
72.00
61.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

84
47
37

39.5
99.50
39.5 109.00
39.0
87.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

117
35
82

38.5
40.0
38.0

63.50
69.00
61.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

129
110

39.0
38.5

98.00
97.50

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

53
48

ST ENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

193
153
40

39.0
39.5
38.0

81.50
81.50
81.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------------------------------------

211
206

40.0
40.0

147.50
147.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

153
91
62

39.0
39.5
38.0

88.00
87.00
90.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

134
71

38.5
40.0

89.00
87.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

2C3
198

40.0 123.00
40.0 122.50

SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

43

39.5

89.50

38.0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

37
33

38.0
38.0

169
163

50

79.5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

C O M P TO ME TE R OPERATORS ---------------

75.50
72.00

39.5 101.00
39.5 100.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- -----

84
59
25

39.0
39.5
38.0

87.00
84.50
93.00

DR AF TS MEN-TRACERS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

41
41

105
73
32

39.5
40.0
38.5

80.50
80.00
81.00

40.0
40.0

SWITCH BO AR D O P E R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

NURSES, IN DUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

54
49

39.5 112.00
39.5 110.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

47
28

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

39.5
99.50
39.5 100.50

66

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TE CH NI CA L
O C C U PA TI ON S

90.00
90.00

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings
respond to these weekly hours
2 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




9
Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1967)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hou:rly ea rnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

$
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
t
1
$
$
$
*
%
$
5
$
(
$
$
$
$
>.90 3.00 3. 10 3 .20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2

Number

Occupation and industry division
M ean13 Median 2
2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3 .30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 over

$

$

$

CARP EN TE RS , M A IN TE NA NC E ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

78
69

3.14
3.05

3.19
3.09

2.75- 3.36
2.73- 3.33

-

E L EC TR IC IA NS , M A IN TE NA NC E ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

195
173

3.51
3.47

3.53
3.51

3.24- 3.91
3.21- 3.69

_

ENGINEERS, STATIO NA RY --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

39
37

3.24
3.22

3.29
3.25

3.12- 3.43
3.12- 3.39

-

_

-

-

-

-

FI RE ME N, S T AT IO NA RY BOILER --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

102
ICO

2.62
2.63

2.45
2.46

2.35- 2.84
2.35- 2.84

_

4
3

_

M A I N TE NA NC E TRADES --------

33

2.58

2.46

2.29- 3.05

-

2

3

4

2

10

1

-

-

2

-

3

6

MA CH IN E - T O O L OP ERATORS, T O O L R O O M —
M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

270
270

3.04
3.04

3.03
3.03

2.84- 3.2 7
2.84- 3.27

_

5
5

_

1
1

10
10

14
14

1
1

15
15

12
12

22
22

33
33

75
75

MA CHINISTS, MA I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

225
222

3.21
3.20

3.23
3.23

2.96- 3.54
2.96- 3.54

-

_
~

5
5

-

10
10

6
6

5

1
1

46
46

ME CH AN IC S, AU TO MO TI VE
(M A I N T E N A N C E ) -----------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

1C9
86
80

3.14
3.10
3.14

3.24
3.24
3.26

ME CH AN IC S, M A I N TE NA NC E -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

327
318

3.26
3.25

MILL WR IG HT S ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

36
34

O I L E R S ---------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

HELPERS,

$
-

-

-

_

_

~

-

“

-

12
12

11
11

2
1

4
4

5
5

4
4

11
10

13
13

“

5
5

5
5

l
1

4
4

12
12

12
12

18
17

5
5

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

-

~

-

10
10

_

3
3

21
21

-

-

-

8

2
2

-

-

-

-

~

-

2
2

_

-

_

~

-

-

_

-

-

-

5
5

36
35

13
13

8

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

6
6

20
19

38
37

12
12

4
4

3
3

2
2

9
9

3
2

_

1
-

_

4
4

8
8

_

_

10
10

8
8

9
9

18
18

4
4

23
23

9
9

27
25

5
5

6
6

65
65

14
14

_

1
1

2
-

9
-

23
22
22

8
6
6

8
8
8

25
16
16

_
-

_
~

9
9

18
17

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

2.69- 3.48
2.67- 3.44
2.68- 3.46

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

4
4

26
26
26

2

2

1
l
~

3.32
3.31

2.9C- 3.53
2.90- 3.50

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

21
21

22
22

13
13

18
17

46
46

7
7

5
4

22
22

17
16

66
66

3.01
3.00

3.03
3.01

2.75- 3.32
2.74- 3.33

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

5
5

-

-

5
5

-

~

~

5
5

5
5

2
2

3
1

4
4

3
3

54
54

2.71
2.71

2.83
2.83

2.52- 3.02
2.52- 3.02

5
5

-

_

5
5

1
1

2
2

5
5

3
3

2
2

13
13

3
3

13
13

PIPEFI TT ER S, M A IN TE NA NC E -----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

85
84

3.46
3.47

3.45
3.48

3.31- 3.72
3.31- 3.72

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

2
2

2
2

SH EE T- ME TA L WORKERS, M A IN TE NA NC E —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

35
35

3.29
3.29

3.31
3.31

3.24- 3.37
3.24- 3.37

1
1

284
284

3.13
3.13

3.10
3.10

3.01- 3.29
3.01- 3.29

29
29

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

1 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

~

5
5

10
10

2

5
5

10
10

_

_

-

_

_
~

2
2

2
2

7
6

23
23

2
2

_

2
2

1
1

12
12

16
16

l
1

_

87
87

25
25

47
47

31
31

13
13

-

4
-

-

4
1

35
16

14
14

4
4

_

2
2

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

25
25

_

6
6

_
-

2
2

_

1
~

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

3
3

5
5

9
4

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

4
4

_

_

-

-

16
16

-

2
2

2
2

6
6

_
~

24
24

_

-

40
40

_
~

_

_

_

_
_

-

4
4

_

-

_

~

_

_

-

1
1

_
~

10
10

_

_

10
Table A -5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a basis
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1967)

Number of worker s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2.10 2,.20 2 .30 2.40 2,.50 2.60 2.70 2 .80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.,20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4. 00
M ean 3

M edian3

Middle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

226
198
28

$
2.16
2.16
2.17

$
2.25
2.25
2.15

$
$
1.74- 2.59
1.74- 2.59
1.76- 2.68

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------

144

2.21

2.32

and
under
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2 .10 2.20 2,.30 2 .40 2.50 2,.60 2.70 2.80 2 .90 3.00 3.10 3. 20 3. 40 3.60 3.80 4. 00 over

1.72- 2.63

WATCHMEN:
MA NU FACTURING --------------------

-

41
41
~

6
6

35

24
22
2
8

3
1
2

12
11
1

1
1
~

27
26
l

11
8
3

10
9
1

25
23
2

31
30
l

1

13
10
3

1

1

25

8

7

14

30

7
2
5

14
14
~

-

14

~

~

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

~

54

2.00

1.88

1.76- 2.33

-

6

-

14

10

-

10

-

1

-

2

9

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS —
MA NUFACTURING -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

683
5C3
180

2.13
2.26
1.74

2.25
2.34
1.59

1.79- 2.50
2.02- 2.53
1.46- 2.02

90
20
70

35
12
23

33
8
25

15
7
8

29
26
3

50
45
5

45
34
11

20
18
2

49
37
12

123
123
~

25
21
4

89
88
1

31
30
1

19
4
15

6
6
~

6
6
“

14
14
“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

4
4
~

~

~

“

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
( W O M E N ) -----------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

96
65

1.77
1.60

1.78
1.49

1.47- 2.11
1.45- 1.88

35
35

7
5

2
1

6
6

4
3

4
4

13
11

21

_

4

LABORERS. MA TERIAL HANDLING ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

557
49 5
62

2.48
2.50
2.26

2.21
2.21
2.19

1.92- 2. 69
1.94- 2.69
1.69- 2.40

11
8
3

5
4
1

24
11
13

31
30
1

59
54
5

42
42

54
49
5

52
48
4

14
14
-

37
21
16

8
8
~

20
20

71
71
“

4
4
-

13
13
-

7
7
-

4
4
-

10
2
8

12
12
-

17
11
6

5
5
-

16
16
-

41
41

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------

225
69

2.53
2.27

2.72
2.49

2.30- 2.76
1.84- 2.74

2
2

4
4

7
7

_

12
12

1
1

6
6

8

16
-

13
1

2
2

11
11

1
1

134
14

5
5

_

_
-

1
1

_

“

1
1

_

-

1
l

_

“

-

PACKERS. SHIPPING ------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------

221
220

2.73
2.74

2.49
2.50

2.17- 3.43
2.18- 3.43

17
16

_
-

8
8

8
8

5
5

5
5

17
17

1
1

10
10

40
40

21
21

4
4

2
2

5
5

6
6

8
8

2
2

5
5

14
14

21
21

5
5

8
7

_

_

_

_

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------

71
51

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------

_
-

_
-

2.17- 2.83

-

2.09- 2.61
2.C8- 2.69

_
-

2.742.252.863.52-

3.54
3.02
3.56
3.57

_
~

2.06- 2.68
2.33- 2.69

_

2.44
2.51

2.49
2.52

2.22- 2.73
2.35- 2.69

29

2.39

2.29

SHIPPING AND RECE IV IN G CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------

63
43

2.28
2.37

2.19
2.53

TR UC KD RI VE RS4 -----------------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------

759
240
519
319

3.02
2.66
3.20
3.56

3.02
2.88
3.52
3.55

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------

47
35

2.37
2.47

2.54
2.58

TRUCKDRIVERS, MECILM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TCNS) ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

115
48
67

2.59
2.47
2.67

2.48
2.26
2.49

2.40- 2.89
2.15- 2.95
2.45- 2.85

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVT (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 5--------------

295
206
144

3.24
3.34
3.56

3.10
3.53
3.55

2.98- 3.55
2.99- 3.56
3.53- 3.58

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

253
234

3.24
3.27

3.53
3.53

2.86- 3.56
2.88- 3.57

See footnotes at end of table.




_

_
-

9
-

_

-

-

2

_

4
-

_

14
14
~
_

4
4
~

4

3

-

2

-

5
5

_
-

8
8

7
7
~

_
“

9
5
4
~

14
14
~

16
16
~

_

_

4

~

7
7

_

_

“

~

5
5
~

_

“

_

_

-

“

_

-

_
-

5
5

"

~

8
8

9
9

7
7

-

4

-

-

1

9

8
-

_
-

7
7

7
7

_

9
9

33
9
24

15
7
8
~

48
48
~

10
8
2
~

14
10
4
~

14
10
4
“

82
26
56

87
45
42
~

59
55
4

1
1
~

6
1
5
5

_

_

5
5

12
8

2
2

5
5

1
1

_

_
“

-

2
2

_
“

5
5

2
2
~

-

~

1
~

144
144
144

-

1

_

6
6

5

6

15
7

_
~

14
14

9
9
~

_

8
8
~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

~

-

~

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

~

_

17
17

-

_

-

_

~

7
7

_

“

5
5

~

_

-

-

_

24
24

“

_

36
36
_

-

12
12

“

6
2

-

2
-

2
2

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

4
4

20
20

18
18

68
42
“

_

_

~

~

7
“

8
8
~

2

2

1

39
28

_

_
~
59
4

_

_

-

326
12
314
314

172
170

-

-

“

-

-

_

-

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, M ass., June 1967)1

1
2
3
4
5
6

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l .
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows:
17 at $4.20 to $4.40; and 2 at $4.40 and over.







Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its fie ld
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishm ent to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m ay
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's fie ld economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, p a rt-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, M ACH IN E

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a m achine other than
an ordinary
billings

or electro m atic

or shipping

charges

typewriter.

M ay

or perform

also keep

records

other clerical work

to b illin g operations.
For wage study purposes,
classified by type of m ach in e, as follows:

billers,

Operates a bookkeeping m achine (R em ington Rand, Elliott Fisher,

as to

Sundstrand,

incidental

m ach in e,

phase of the work. M ay prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

discounts and shinning charges. and entrv of necessarv extensions
^ 7
which m a y or m ay not be computed on the b illin g m ach in e, and
totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m ach in e. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the b ill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m ach in e.
m achine).

Uses

Class B.
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billin g described
under b iller, m ach in e), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc .
M ay check or assist in preparation of trial

a bookkeeping

m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a ­
chine auto m a tica lly accum ulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the debit or
credit balan ces.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




with or without a type­

records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each

from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
m em orandum s, e tc .
Usually involves application o f predeterm ined

(bookkeeping

Register,

Class A .
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper

com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices

m achine

Cash

are

B iller, m achine (b illin g m achine).
Uses a special billin g m a ­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc . , which are

B iller,

Burroughs, N ational

writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

balances and prepare
CLERK,

control

sheets for the accounting

department.

AC C O U N TIN G
Class A .

Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,

has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.

13

Work

involves posting

and balancing

subsidiary

14

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C on tin u ed

CLERK,

O RD ER— C ontinued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .

distribution; and requires judgment and experience in m aking proper

M ay check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,

assignations and allocations.

acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been fille d , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

closing

journal

entries;

M ay assist in preparing,

and m ay

adjusting,

direct class B accounting

Class B.
Under supervision, performs one or more
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled

and

clerks.

routine a c ­
or accounts
reconciling
by general

ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject m atter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc .
M ay
also file this m aterial.
M ay keep records of various types in con ­
junction with the files.
M ay lead a sm all group of lower le v e l file
cleik s.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject m atter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial.
M ay perform related clerical tasks required to m aintain
and service files.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of com pany em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: C alculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's n am e, working days, tim e ,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. M ay make out p a y checks and assist paymaster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes.
M ay use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

m atical
tical or
tom eter
of other

Primary duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to perform m ath e­
computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
other type of clerk, which m ay involve frequent use o f a C om p­
but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
duties.

DUPLICATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR D IT T O )
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten m atter, using a

Class C .
Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­

M im eograph or Ditto m achine.
M akes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare

fication

stencil or Ditto master.
May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
M ay sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

system

As requested,

(e .g . ,

alphabetical,

chronological,

or num erical).

locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards

m aterial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to m aintain and service files.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK,

ORDER
Class A .

phone,

R eceives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m a il,
or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow ing:

Quoting prices to customers; m aking out an order sheet listing the item s




Operates a num erical an d /or alphabetical or com bin a­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
le v e l keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — Continued

o f coding skills and the m aking of some determinations, for ex am p le,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
M ay train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
m inor o ffic e m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. M ain­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d a y -to -d a y work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
m u m o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m a il, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, m aintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m e m ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
M ay also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficu lty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




S ECRET A R Y — Conti nue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics.
Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows:
(a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, tech n ica l, or m anagerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tia lly more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; a n d (e ) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible tech n ical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE:
The term "corporate o ffic e r ," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to m ajor company activities.
The title
"v ic e president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o fficers" for purposes o f applying the following le v e l definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board
or president o f a
company that em ployes, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in a ll, over 5, O X) but
C
fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer le v e l) o f a m ajor segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in a ll, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board
or president o f a
company that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

16

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer le v e l)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , m arketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segm ent (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
o f a com pany that em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep sim ple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-m achine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER,

SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in le g a l briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and m aintain files, keep records, etc.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational

d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le ve l o f o fficial) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0
persons; or
e.

segment (e. g. , a m iddle m anagem ent supervisor o f an organizational seg­
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a com pany
that em ploys, in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class C
a.
Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this le v e l
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le v e l o f official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em p loyee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE:
Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m ach in e; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p o licies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
and responsible clerical tasks such as, m aintaining followup files; assembling
m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m a il; and answering
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a sin gle- or m u ltip le-p osition telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com p lex calls, such as conference,
c o lle c t, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a sin gle- or m u ltip le-p o sitio n telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. M ay handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. M ay perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("L im ite d " telephone inform ation service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for te le ­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if com p lex calls
are referred to another operator. )

17

S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m on itor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform routine c le rica l work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
c le rica l work

m ay

take

the

m ajor part of this worker's tim e while at

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

specific instructions.

M ay include simple wiring from diagrams and

some filin g w oik.

The work typ ically

unit, for e x a m p le,
operations.

individual sorting or collating

involves portions of a work
runs or repetitive

switchboard.

TRAN SCRIBING -M ACH INE OPERATOR,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR

Class A .
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing m ach in es, ty p ica lly including such machines as the tabulator,

vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. M ay also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as lega l briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in

calculator,
interpreter,
collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult

shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typ ica lly involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken.
As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typ ica lly involved in training new operators in m achine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not

TYPIST

include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine operations
and d a y -to -d a y supervision of the work and production of a group of
tab u latin g-m ach in e operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the

Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been m ade by another person. M ay in­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes.
M ay do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple records, filin g records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m a il.

Class A .

Performs one or more of the follow ing:

Typing m a ­

sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and m ay include the performance of some wiring from
diagram s.
The work typically involves, for ex a m p le, tabulations

terial in final form when it involves com bining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc . , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language m a ­

involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but sm all
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­

terial; and planning layout and typing o f com p licated statistical tables
to m aintain uniform ity and balance in spacing.

M ay type

routine

form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

cedures are w e ll established.
M ay also include the training o f new
em p loyees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class B.

Performs one or more of the follow ing:

Copy typing

from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com p lex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18

PROFESSIONAL

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSM AN

D RAFTSM AN
Class A .
Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents.
Works in close support with the design originator,
and m ay recom m end minor design changes.
Analyzes the e ffe ct of
each change on the details of form , function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a m inim um of supervisory
assistance.
C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
M ay either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower le v e l draftsmen.
Class B.
Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typ ically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, m ultiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in m aking necessary computations
to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc .
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor.

AND

C om pleted work is checked for technical

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work m ay be spot-checked
during progress.
D R AFT SM AN - TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pen cil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d e lin e a tio n .)
an d /or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
is closely supervised during progress.
NURSE,

Work

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m ed ica l
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishm ent.

adequacy.

Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees' injuries; keeping

Class C .
Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types

records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs

o f drawings prepared include

isometric projections (depicting three

dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en ­
vironm ent, or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, M AINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow in g: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; m aking standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m ain ten an ce, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves m ost o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e lectrica l equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipm ent; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipm ent; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training and

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S — C ontinued

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a ­
chine, and equipm ent; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, liftin g, and holding m a ­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

M A CH IN E-TO O L OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illin g m achines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning

training and experience.

ENGINEER,

S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of

and performing difficult m achining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­

stationary engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishm ent in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or

cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to

air-con dition in g.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oile r-fe d
water pumps; m aking equipm ent repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise

achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
M ay be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils.
For cross-industry wage study purposes,

these operations.

H ead or ch ief engineers

in establishments

m ach in e-to ol operators, toolroom ,
cluded from this classification.

in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­

em ploying

more than one engineer are excluded.
M ACH IN IST,
FIREM AN,

S T A T IO N A R Y BOILER

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em p loyed with h e a t, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m ech an ical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety v alv es.
M ay cle a n , o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipm ent.

HELPER, M AIN TE N A N C E TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




M AINTENANCE

Produces

replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of

m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipm ent.
In general, the m achinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20
OILER

M ECH ANIC, A U T O M O T IV E (M AINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles,
equipment to
performing

motortrucks,

and tractors o f an es­

Work involves most of the follow ing:

tablishment.

Examining automotive

diagnose

buses,

source of trouble;

repairs that involve

the

disassembling equipm ent and

use of such handtools

as wrenches,

gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through

a formal

MECHANIC,

apprenticeship

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.

or equivalent training

and experience.

PAINTER,

MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls,

woodwork,

and fixtures of an es­

tablishment.
Work involves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
M ay m ix colors, oils, white lead , and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work of the m aintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MAINTENANCE

Repairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
m achines and performing repairs that m ainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the m achine to a machine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling m achines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipm ent, and dismantles and
installs m achines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging;

parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illw right's work norm ally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­




Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pip e-cu ttin g
m achine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and m aking standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu ded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

m aking standard shop computations re­

lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipm ent; selecting standard tools, equipm ent, and

ing and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake.

In general,

the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sh eet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
m ent.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all

volves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­

types of sh ee t-m eta l m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sh e e t-m e ta l­
working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fittin g, and assembling; and installing sh eet-m etal articles

ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabri­

as required.
In general, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal

cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed

apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AN D DIE M AKER
(D ie m aker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs
or dies for forgings, punching,

m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures
and other m etal-form ing work.
Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

ELEVATOR O PERATOR, PASSENGER

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

JANITOR, PORTER,

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,

apart­

OR CLEANER— Continued

or other establishment.

Duties

involve a com bination o f the following:

m ent house, department store, h otel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance

G UARD A N D W A T C H M A N

services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Guard.

Performs routine police duties,

either at fixed

on tour, m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
gatem en who are stationed
and other persons entering.
W atch m an .
property against fire,
JAN ITOR ,

PORTER,

post or
Includes

at gate and check on identity of em ployees

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
th eft, and illegal entry.
OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or com m ercial




Workers who

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

22

ORD ER FILLER

SHIPPING A N D

RECEIVING CLERK— C o n tin u e d

For wage study purposes,

workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Receiving clerk
Fills

shipping

or transfer orders

merchandise in accordance

for finished

goods from stored

with specifications on sales slips,

customers’

orders, or other instructions.
M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER,

SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em p loyed , and method of shipment.
Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and m ay involve one or more of the follow ing:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or dam age; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container.

Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AN D RECEIVING CLERK

Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a ­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or m en between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business.
M ay also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m ech an ical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order.
D river-salesm en and o v er-th e -ro a d drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer c a p a c ity .)
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1
tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work

TRUCKER,

involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods

Operates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a

shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,

warehouse,

and keeping a file o f shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and m aintaining necessary records and files.




POWER

manufacturing plant,

or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker,
Trucker,

power (forklift)
power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----The seventh annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
t r a c e r s , jo b an a l y s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t rate c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BBS Bulletin 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and
50 cents a c op y.

Nat ional
Clerical

Survey of P ro fe s s io n a l, A d P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r c h 19 6 6 .
M

☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -303-597/9




Area Wage Surveys
A li s t o f th e la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a te s o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u rch a se d f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C ., 20402,
o r f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h io , June 1966 1_________________________________ 1 4 6 5 -8 1 ,
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N .Y ., A p r . 1 9 6 7 ---------------- 1 5 3 0 -6 2 ,
S
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x ., A p r . 1 9 6 7 ______________________ .1 5 3 0 -6 0 ,
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .— .J .,
N
F e b . 1 9 6 7 _________________________________________________ 1 5 3 0 -5 3 ,
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 6 7 ___________________________________ 1 5 3 0 -7 1 ,
B a lt im o r e , M d ., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________ 1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1 9 6 7 ____
1 5 3 0 -7 4 ,
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1967 1__________________________ 1 5 3 0 -6 3 ,
B o is e C ity , Ida h o, J u ly 1966 1____________________________ 1 5 3 0 -2 ,
B o s to n , M a s s ., O ct. 1966________________________________ 1 5 3 0 -1 6 ,

1 5 3 0 -7 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 2 ,

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30ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -7 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 ,

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1 5 3 0 -1 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 3 ,

25 ce n ts
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1 5 3 0 -7 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 ,
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St. L o u is , M o .—
111., O ct. 1966 1___________________________
S alt L a k e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1966 1________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., June 1 9 6 6 _________________ ___________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif .,
R
O
S ep t. 1966___________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif ., N ov. 1966 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif ., Jan. 1967 1_____________
O
San J o s e , C a lif ., S ept. 1966----------------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _________________________________
S c r a n to n , P a ., A u g. 1966----------------------------------------------------S ea ttle—E v e r e t t, W a sh ., O c t. 1966______ - ________________

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 8 ,

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1 5 3 0 -1 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 0 ,
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1 5 3 0 -3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 2 ,

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S io u x F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966___________________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r. 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
S p ok a n e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 6 ________________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , S ep t. 1966 1 _____________
T o le d o , O h io—M ic h ., F e b . 1967 1___ _____________________ _
T r e n to n , N .J ., D e c . 1966 1_________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—M d .— a . , O ct. 1966 1_________________
V
W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r. 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------W a t e r lo o , Iow a , N ov. 1966 1_______________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1967 ......................................................................
Y ou n gstow n —W a r r e n , O h io , N ov. 1966___________________

1 5 3 0 -1 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -9 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 4 ,
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1 5 3 0 -1 1 ,
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1 5 3 0 -8 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , Iowa—
R
111.,
O ct. 1966 1________________________________________________
D a y to n , O h io , Jan. 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1966__________________________ ______
D e s M o in e s , Iow a , F e b . 1 9 6 7 -----------------------------------------D e t r o it , M ic h ., Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N ov . 1966 1___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g.
1966 1----------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y
1 9 6 7 ____________________________
H o u s to n , T e x ., June 1966 1 ______________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., D e c . 1966__________ __________________

1 5 3 0 -1 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

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1 5 3 0 -4 3 ,
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1 5 3 0 -1 ,

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2 5 c e n ts
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1 5 3 0 -6 5 ,
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http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
1 Data on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e

30 c e n ts M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1967 1 _____________________________
25ce n ts M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1967 1_________ ________
20 c e n ts
M u sk eg on —M u sk eg on H e ig h ts , M ic h ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _________
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 _______________
25ce n ts N ew H av en , C o n n ., Jan. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
25ce n ts N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b . 1967 1____________________________
30ce n ts N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1_____________________________ _
20 ce n ts N o r fo lk — o r ts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
30ce n ts
H am p ton , V a ., June 1966________________________________
25 ce n ts O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1966 1_______________________
25 ce n ts
O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a , O c t. 1966___________________________
C
P
30 ce n ts P a te r son — lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _____________
25 c e n ts P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1966 1 ___________________
N
20 ce n ts P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r. 1 9 6 7 ________________________________
20ce n ts P it ts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1967 1 _______________________________
20 ce n ts P o r tla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1966_______________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M ay 1966 1__ ___________________
30 ce n ts
W
30 c e n ts P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et— a r w ic k , R .I .—M a s s . ,
25 ce n ts
M ay 1967 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------30ce n ts R a le ig h , N .C ., S ept. 1966--------------------------------------------------30ce n ts R ic h m o n d , V a ., N ov. 1966________- ______________ - ________
30ce n ts R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1 9 6 7 __________________________________

B u ffa lo , N .Y ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t . , M a r. 1967 1 ____________________________
C a n to n , O h io , A p r . 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 __________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N .C ., A p r . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., S ep t. 1966 1_________________ —
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1967 1 ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io —K y.— n d ., M a r. 1 9 6 7 ________ - ________
I
1966 1___________________________
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t.
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 1966 1________________________________

J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1967 _______________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1967 1 --------------------------------------K a n sa s C it y , M o .— a n s ., N ov . 1966_____________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1 9 6 7 ___________
H
L ittle R o ck — o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k ., A ug. 1966 1------N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif ., M a r. 1967 1 ___________________
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., F e b . 1967 1 _______________________
In
L u b b o ck , T e x ., June 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., A u g. 1966 1--------------------------------------M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . , Jan. 1967 ----------------------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., D e c . 1966______________________ _____________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., June 1966 1 -------------------------

A rea

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102