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Wichita, Kansas, Metropolitan Area
April 1977

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-16
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

DOCUMENT COLLECTION

JUL301977
Dayton & Montgomery Qp.
Public Library

JUL 2




8 7f

Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an A p r i l 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in the W i c h i t a , K a n s a s ,
Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y was m a d e as p a r t o f
the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as
con du cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in K a n s a s C ity , M o . , un der the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of E d w a r d C h aik e n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O perations.
T h e s u r v e y c ould not h a ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w it h ou t the
c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the
b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n i n this b u ll e tin .
Th e B ureau w ishes
to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a ti o n is in the pub lic d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d wit h ou t p e r m i s s i o n of the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e cred it




the B u re a u
p u b li c ation .

of. L a b o r

Statistics

and

cite

the

name

and

number

of

this

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i ­
sion s in the W i c h i t a a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the m o v i n g and s t o r a g e ( A p r i l
1977) and la u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g ( A p r i l 1977) i n d u s t r i e s .
A ls o availab le
a r e union w a g e r a t e s f o r b uild ing t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e
em p loyees.
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
offices.
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Wichita, Kansas, Metropolitan Area
April 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

July 1977
Bulletin 1950-16

In tr o d u c tio n --------------------------------------------------------

2

Tables:
A.

B -5.
E a r n in g s , all es tab lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e arnings o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k l y e arnings of p r o f e s sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s -----A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y earnings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x ----------A - 4 . H o u r l y e arning s o f m a i n t e ­
nance, to o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s -------------------A - 5 . H o u r l y e arn in g s of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------A - 6 , A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of
m ainte nance, t o o l r o o m ,
p ow erp lant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ia l w o r k e r s ,
A-7.

B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.




B -4.

3

Annual paid ho lid ays f o r f u l l ­
tim e w o r k e r s ------------------------------ 15
P a id vacation p r o v is io n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ----------------------- 16
B - 6 . Health, insuran ce, and pension
plans f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ---------19
B - 7 , L i f e ins uran ce plans f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s -------------------- — 20

5
Ap p end ix A .
Ap p end ix B.
7

8

9

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
ho u r ly ear nings, adjusted f o r
e m p lo y m e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
le c te d occupational g r o u p s ----------- 11

E s tab lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m entran ce s a l a r i e s
f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d typists
and c l e r k s ------------------------------------ 12
B - 2 . L a te - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e manufactu ring
plant w o r k e r s -------------------------------13
B - 3 , Scheduled w e e k l y ho ur s and
days o f f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t
w o rk e r s ----------------------------------------14

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ----------- 23
Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s --------------29

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ic h th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated b en efits.
( S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d an nually.
In for­
m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p l e t e d , t w o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s na tion al and r e ­
g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r a l l
S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a te s , e x c lu d in g A l a s k a
and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e need
t o d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h ro u g h the a n a l y s i s o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n ,
and ( 2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n th at m a y be u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s ­
s i s t a n c e i n d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t i o n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e
C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.

A -s e r ie s tables
T a b l e s A - l th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s .
F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 th r o u g h A - 1 3 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c han ges in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c tu r in g
and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
sepa rate presentation .
T h i s ta b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r
e l i m i n a t i o n o f ch an ge s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t sh if ts
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c lu d e d in
su rve y sam ples.
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
B - s e r i e s ta b l e s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty p i s t s and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c tu r in g ; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r plant
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u rs and d ays o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k ­
e r s ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; h e alth, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p lans;
and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n on l i f e i n s u r a n c e p lans.
Appendixes
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p ts used in the a r e a
wage survey program .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , on the a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c tu r i n g , and on
lab or-m an agem en t a greem en t coverage.
A p p e n d i x B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d b y B u re a u
o m i s t s t o c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y oc c u p atio n.

field econ­

A . E a rn in g s
Table A-1. W e e k ly earnings of o ffic e w o rke rs in W ic h ita , Kans., A p ril 1977
^^^Weekl^^arning^^™
( standard)
dumber
of
workers

N um ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earning s o f—
S

S

Average
weekly

S

S

[standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

I

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

140

15 0

160

170

180

19 0

200

210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

3

18
9
9

50
14
36

63
21
42
2

104
47
57

103
39
64

103
79
24

10 3
93
10
8

110

and
under

-

-

110

120

-

3
-

90

%
130

100

100

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

120
-

S

S

S

S

S

$

S

230

240

250

260

270

280

30 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

230

240

250

260

27 0

280

300

over

55
48
7
3

41
22
19
14

23
18
5

34

-

28
22
6
1

1

8
3
5
5

8
6
2
1

9
3
6
4

n
i
10
*1 0

•

-

-

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

3
1

6

6
3
3

5
5

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

9
3
6

6
1
5

2
-

.

_

-

-

2

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

220
-

ALL UORKEPS
SECRETARIES
MANUFACTURING
—
PUBLIC UTILITIES

nonmanufacturing

1 ,0 6 6
6*7
399
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
2 3 2 .0 0

$
1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0

$
$
1 6 6 .0 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0 -2 0 B .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0

•

-

—

—

—

69
16
53
3

-

.

-

-

-

.

-

*

—

*

*

*

19

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

48
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 2 .5 0
2 0 9 .5 0

2 1 8 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0

1 6 1 *5 0 -2 1 9 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

•

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 8 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0

2 0 3 .0 0
2 0 5 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

*

_

-

5

-

*

-

NONMANUFACTURING —

19 5
124
71

5

10
5
5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —

385
247
13 8

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 0 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0

1 7 7 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0

_

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

1

3
3

11
1
10

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

313
180
133

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 1 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0

1 8 2 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0 -2 1 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 3 7 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

-

.

-

-

1
-

-

•

-

1

SECRETARIES, CLASS E
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING -

12 2
75
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0

_

•

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

STENOGRAPHERS --------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC UTILITIES

254
160
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

.
*

3

1

manufacturing

40

4 0 .0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —

107
45
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 6 . 0C
1 8 3 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0 -1 8 9 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---MANUFACTURING ------- — —
NONMANUFACTURING --------

14 7
98
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 7 8 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
1 7 8 . 0C

1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTURING -

56
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

33 1
122
209

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 5 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

•

*

77

4 0 .5

1 4 0 .5 0

27
50

4 0 .0
4 1 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

•

*

254
95

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

•

157

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

6

TYPISTS
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING TYPISTS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
TYPISTS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING —
FILE CLERKS -------------

*

W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

—

-

3

1

*

*

_
-

3

_

3

-

•

*

_

*

*

6
5

1

*

6
6

4
2

1
1

23
22

14
10
4

76
74

3
3

2

-

5
1

30
4

18

7

-

*

18

7

10
2
8

8
2
6

8
4
4

3
1
2

25
6
19

49
17
32

25

1
18

20
5

185
17 9
6

14
6
8

9
5
4

24
8
16

3
2
1

5
—

1
-

5

1

7
1
6

16
6
10

43
15
28

42
23
19

30
7
23

44
30
14

24
3
21

12
12

20
18
2

11
9
2

14
13
1

20
19
1

27
24
3

10
9
1

22
7
15

16
9
7

9
5
4

21
11
10

15
13
2

19
19

6
2
4

6
2
4
2

12
8
4
2

21
11
10
2

15
13
2

30
26
4
2

51
43
8
6

11
7
4
1

12
10
2

’•

57
20
37
10

3
3
2

8
2
1

6
2
2

4
-

9
-

27

-

-

-

*

6

2
1
1

-

*

35
6
6

-

-

-

9
6
3

12
10
2

11

9

3

*

8

9

3

3

-

-

4
4

-

4
4

*

*

*

18

-

1
-

•

-

1

3
2
1

4
2
2

15
7
8

11
9
2

21
17
4

30
11
19

16
14
2

1
1

15
15

17
17

9
9

6
6

4
4

2
2

11 8
13
105

■56
14
42

42
17
25

26
13
13

15
2
13

10
9

9
9

1

*

26
18
8

13
11
2

1
1

2
2

-

4
3

*

19
6
13

2

*

27
3
24

2

1

*
*

12
4
8

6
4
2

12
12

11 7
12

54
12

15
14

7
7

13
2

6
6

9
9

14
14

19

16

5

2

3

3

7

12

2

4
4

-

11
8
3
3

9
9

3
3

*

•
-

10

—

2

•
-

10
10

2
2

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

-

-

-

-

•

-

2
•

•

-

•

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

*

2

*

*

*

*

.

-

•

7
7

80

-

2
2

2
2

-

_

-

•

*

.

12
12

-

_

8 at $3 0 0 to $ 3 2 0 ; and 2 at $3 2 0 to $ 3 4 0 .

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

233
196
37
14

3

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977— Continued
W ee k ly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
woikers

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs of—

S

A v e rage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

S

M ean 2

M iddle range 2

M e d ia n 2

S

S

s

S

X

X

X

s

x ^

%

s

X

T -

ST

1"

* ''

r

t

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24Q

250

?6 f
l

270

280

300

15

1
1

11

3

4

1

2

2
2

90

21

8
8

57
13

10

6
2

2
2

21

8
8

56

l

12

i

11

9

1

19

17

and
under
100

and

ALL WORKERS-CONTINUED
$

S

$

$

34

P lU r l" A W U r A v 1 U n l l l u

"

m

1 3 7 .0 0

103.50-

152.50
182.00

120.50157.50-

171.00
203.50

98

40 5 1 3 5 . 0 0

133.50

120.00-143.00

155

1 8 6,50

178,00

169.50
172.00

178.50

10

12

6

18

159.00-178.00
164.50-179.50

-

-

30

i
i

20

9

4
17

4
58

1

17
59

?

1

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
HANUr AL 1U K i(iy

C L A S S A ------™ ■

260

40 0 2 0 1 . 0 0

199.50

3

178.00-219.00

4

40

206.50 2 1 2 .0 0

95
38
57
4

36
14
22

180.00-237.00

17

14

11
6

7

1

167

1

4

174.00-206.50

96
35

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSn A N U r A v 1U “ lnU —
■*“
N U N n A N U r A L 1U K I N o
""
“ "

i

166.00

76
26

5

17

1

25

48

28
15
19
3
24
9
15

20
8

50

11
8

33

34

1

1

13
MAnUr Av 1U M 1 fiu

—

■ ■

131,50-182,00

10

13

13

69

72
16
56

46

78
27
51

17

22

5
17

6

4

12

12

5

17

2

1 6 7 . 0C

1 5 7.00

13

146.00-196.00

9

1O

11

6

5

29
23

17

33
19

55

6

29

40 0 2 2 1 . 5 0 2 5 6 . 0 0
40 * 0

7
7

6

24
23

21

1

58
51
7
i

17
17

31
25

14

11
6

14

12

8

12
2

17

1

183.00-256.00
8
8

160«00-198,00

3

1

6

15
19

M A N U rA C IU n IN u

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

3

2

1

* * # U U " • uu
15

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------- --------

3
3

1

25
1 3 9 , 0C

—

300

4

11

4

£

5
4

1

3

27
26
x

1

2

16

l

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
^^^^eekl^Tarnlngs^™
( standard)
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

s

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean 2

Middle range 2

Median 2

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

S
420

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

20 0

220

240

26Q

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

over

S
110

S

s

S

S

s

S

s

S

s

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

and
u nder

120

and

ALL W O R K E R S

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

$

$

1

3 3 0 •0 0 324.00 290.00-369.50

1
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
lD U j i N t i i f f

vLnJJ

A

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ------ ----------

52

40*0

372.00 371.00
379.00 386.50

337.50347.50-

391.50
392.00

6

7

4

17

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
H AnU r A L 1U K 1 N o

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

“

(BUSINESS)

H A N U T A v 1U N I N v

-----m

40.0 260.00 261.00

230.00-299.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

7

10

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

19
8

23

13

28

2

3

(BUSINESS)♦

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

28
8

141

a

(BUSINESS)•

1

2 7 6 .0 0

243.00-300.00

288.00
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

1

J

(BUSI N E S S ) .

,

2

37

231.00

175.00-271.00

1

109

188. 0 0

165.50-223.50

15

12

24

11

10

8

1

12

18

16

-

49

40.0 231.50 234.00 2 0 4 . 5 0 -

4

256.00

264.00 256.00 241.50256.00

203

37

290.00

?7

222.50

10

35
faJ
JO

215.00 200.00-242.00

8

2

34

15

8

i

2

51
41

40.0

173.00
177.50

6

156,00-199.00

See footnotes at end of tables.




5

2

7

8

7

-

1

-

1

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f ---

s

$

S

s

s

s

S

s

'$

s

s

s

s

S

$

$

S

$

i

S

s

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

120

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

130

140

150

160

170

iao

190

200

22 0

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

over

-

-

-

-

2

16

12

1

1

5

9

2

110
Mean2

Middle range 2

Median 2

an d
u n der

and

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
$

$

$

IS
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS*

CLA S S C-

48

40.0 201.50

1 8 5.00

175.00-237.50

Kl v ISTwKLU lliUUb 1K1AL NUKit3 " " " " "
MAnUrAv 1UHiNu
1■■ ■■•

See fo o tn o te s

i

a t end o f ta b le s .




6

Table A -3 . A verage w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex.
in W ic h ita , Kans., A pril 1977
Average
(mean2)

Sex,

5

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN
$

Average
(mean2)

(mean2)

Sex,

3o c c u p a t i o n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekky
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Sex,

3 o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

P R O F E S S IO N A L
O C C U PA TIO N S -

-

197.00

40.0
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

40.0

NONMANUFACTURING

187.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

40.0
40.0

190.00
197.00

AND TECH N ICAL
MEN— CONTINUED

40.0

1 5 2 . 0C COMPUTER SY ST E M S A N A LY ST S

50

40.0

1 3 7.50

40.5

135. 0 0

A
n

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

S5

295.50

1 3 0.00

32
ORDER CLERKS* CLASS 0
MAN Ur AL 1 U K I N b

CLAbb A

171. 0 0

41
b L v H k 1A ^ i t b i

LLAbb

D

"

"

/*

"“ "

r

™™™ 1 * *

385
247
138

40.0
40.0
40.0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

313
180
133

4 0 . 0 191. 5 0
40.0 203.00
4 0 . 0 176. 0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

122
75
47

40.0
40.0
40.0

C L A S S C ------- -------

MANUFACTURING

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ---------------

190.50
194.00
183.00

163.50
162. 5 0
165. 5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS),

____

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSI N E S S ) ,

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

85
121
61

40.0 186.50
40.0 210.50
40.0 239.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS b — —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----------------—
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- ------ ------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------- --------

409
102
307
03

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

148.50
150.50
148.00
178.00

40.0

u

LN c KAU

nonmanufacturing

*

"

------------------

40.0

104
42
25

40.0
40.0
39.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS —
— — — — — —
-----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- — —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

155
56
99

40.0 198.50
40.0 2 0 3 . 0 0
40.0 1 9 6.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS A —

—

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

48

40.0 2 3 4 . 0 0

73
56

4 0,0
40.0

194.00
194. 0 0

176.50

162.00

wr. A,
A v 1U “ inu

1 7 5.00
1 8 0.50
1 9 7.00

147

306.50

1 6 7.00

40.5

1 9 6.00
n W iU i

JIBBwVKArnLnbl

27

**"

manufacturing

37

----

56
80

operators

40.0 2 6 5 . 5 0

"■■■

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

-m a c h i n e

107

269.00

166. 0 0

40.0

bookkeeping

-------

IdUblliLSb / *

615

40.0 210.00
40.0

SECRETARIES.

( B U SINESS)

LUMrll 1LK r “ UvjKMnHtkb
CLASS A

* * * *
" " "

N O N M A N U r AC 1U N I N G • • ■ • * ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

124

40.0

,

40.0 212.50
40.0 209.50

$
70 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

w u C K C 1Af*It5 »

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O R U t N CLLKISb

------------------------------------

WOMEN
1*066

Weekly
(standard)

75
59

Number
of
workers

181. 0 0

40.0

*bu
175.50

34

40.0

40.0

158.00

76

40.0 2 1 3 . 5 0

34

4 0.0 2 4 3 . 5 0

I n

b 1tWvynAi “ L n b 9 <9^NlvRi
AvtUnil'Kj

NONMANUr AvIUK l N v

IBaa

49
205
I K A N b v K 104rfOw HAVwr1 ANv. T T “ Abl b 1
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------- -------

u

NArffJr A C 1U K l N v

331
209

135.50
150.50
39.5 126.50

*

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PROFES S I O N A L AND TECHNICAL
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
27
50
254

95
30

40.0
41.0

165.06
147.50

39*5 129.50
4 0 . 0 146.00
40.0

137.00

148
55

---

40.0 333.50
40.0 296.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

188.50

CLASS B -----

36

40,0

KtblbltNtU INUUbIKlAL NUKbtb
MANUFACTURING —
----------

27

40.0 2 2 1 . 5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

177.00

40.0
NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




( B USINESS)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

7

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings *

i

workers

Mean *

Median*

Middle range *

Under

$

$

S

S

s

I

i

l

$

s

5

S

S

S

S

s

1

5

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 . 20

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

.6 0

7 .8 0

a.oo

8 . 20

8 .4 0

3*60

9»00

5 .0 9

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 . 40

6 .6 0

>.80

7t99

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

.8 0

8 .0 0

e t 2Q

3 .4 0

_8*60

9 .0 0

-

-

-

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

4

*

*

*

*

*

1

7

9

-

21

-

-

6

-

1

1

4 .6 0

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

^

S

.
and

4 .6 0
4 .8 0

over

ALL W O R K E R S

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S -------- -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ------- —
M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ------— --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ------------------

33

$
5 .8 8

$
6 .0 3

1

5

6

4

2

-

3

5

-

5 .8 0

$
5 .4 0
5 .3 5

$
5 .1 5 -

31

5 .1 5 -

6 .0 3

1

5

6

4

2

-

3

5

-

120

6 .3 2

5 .8 4

5 .3 8 -

7 .3 1

1

3

8

25

6

14

12

5

2

_

1

3

8

25

6

14

12

5

2

*

-

-

7

*

1

1

1

9

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

11

•

30

2

4

•

17

*

111

6 .2 3

5 .7 9

5 .3 3 -

7 .4 2

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S -----------------

25

5 .7 2

5 .3 5

5 .2 5 -

5 .4 9

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ------ --------

31

7 .5 6

7 .3 1

7 .2 4 -

8 .2 2

-

•

-

2

9

13

*

*

2

9

13

10
10

MA I N T E N A N C E MECH A N I C S (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

167

2

29

20

9

6

2

_

29

20

9

6

2

*

21

*

*

6

*

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

3

-

-

12

-

-

18

4

_

9

-

-

4

18

4

•

9

*

*

15

152

157

6 .9 7

6

7

8

5

7 .1 3

7 .4 0
7 .2 5

5

6 .5 3

6 .7 0 5 .4 6 -

1

27

-

-

1

5

3

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

4

5

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

130

7 .0 6

6 .7 0

6 .7 0 -

7 .4 0

-

“

-

3

*

-

*

3

*

84

-

3

3

3

11

6

-

-

-

55
55

8

75

29

-

_

.

•

4

10

•

-

75

29

5
5

_

8

-

*

-

-

4

10

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

6

9
9

1

-

.

•

1

14

6 .0 4

5 .6 7 -

5 .9 6

5 .6 2 -

7 .1 3
7 .1 3

6 .7 0

4

2

216

6 .4 5

6 .4 9

6 .0 5 -

6 .5 6

•

-

1

2

4

23

216

6 .4 5

6 .4 9

6 .0 5 -

6 .5 6

-

*

1

2

4

23

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -------- --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ — ----- --------

56
51

6 .0 7

5 .4 9

5 .2 3 -

_

-

6 .1 1

5 .5 0

5 .3 1 -

7 .5 1
7 .5 1

4

2

6

8

16

1

1

6

8

16

at end o f ta b le s .




1

6 .4 1
6 .3 4

T O O L A N O DIE M A K E R S ----------— --- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- --- -----

See fo o tn o te s

•

-

8

2
2

84

1

6

14

6

1

*

—

1

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earning s

Hourly earnings 4

2 .3 0

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

s

S

r

2 .4 0

2 .8 0

S

3

5

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3-40

3»6 0

3 .8 0

3 .2 0

2 .6 0

of—

S

5

s

S

S

S

a

%

5

S

4 ,2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

*
5 .2 0

5

A. 0 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 . 00

8 .4 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 . 60

4 .8 9

5 .2 0

5 .6 Q

6 .9 9

6*49

7 .2 0

7 .60

8 .0 0

8 .4 Q

8 .8 0

32

66
2

2
2

9

25

23

8

18

7

160

24

14

17
-

2

9

-

•

64

—■

-

1
1

9

17

4

5

2
2

8
8

10
6

5

2

6

4

5

2

6

-

•

*

*

-

S

T

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

and
under
2 .4 0

2 , 6Q

ALL W O R K E R S

TRUCK-DRIVERS --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- *•
NONMANUFACTURING P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

$
6 .5 3
4 .8 2

$
7 .7 2

$
4 .2 9 -

16
-

10

-

4
-

3

-

5
-

6

4 .1 9 -

$
8 .5 0
5 .1 2

-

4 .6 5

-

13
13

7 .7 6

5 .2 8 -

8 .5 0

-

5

16

-

4

6

1
2

-

6 .8 5

10

-

398

8 .0 2

7 .9 1

7 .7 6 -

8 .5 0

576
93
403

_

-

_

•

-

-

-

*

-

*

•

.

—

-

*

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

175

5 .8 1

4 .9 0

4 ,2 9 -

30
165

4 ,8 7

4 .9 0

4 .6 1 -

8 .5 0
5 .1 7

6 .0 0

4 .3 0

4 .2 9 -

8 .5 0

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER
NONMANUFACTURING

135

7.2 1 -

7 .6 8

7 .0 0 ”

8 .5 0

•

119

7 .6 1

7 .9 1

7 .0 0 -

8 .5 0

*

S H I P P E R S -----------MANUFACTURING —

75

4 .7 2

4 .8 7

4 .3 3 -

5 .0 9

68

4 .8 3

4 .9 9

4 .5 8 -

5 .0 9

R E C E I V E R S ---- *
MANUFACTURING -

77

4 .9 1

4 .7 8

4 .9 7

58

5 .2 1

4 .8 1

4 .3 0 66*

WAREHOUSEMEN
MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING
S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

6 .3 0

-

•

*

-

-

2
2

13

-

.

.

2

.

*

2
2

1

—

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

12
12

1

4

1
1

5

29

5

-

29

5

-

4

13

7

17

-

-

9

4

1

-

-

9

4

7

1

-

•

-

3

-

-

“

29

16

2

5

-

5

7

-

7

*

1

-

•

-

13

15

4

.

15

4

6
6

.

7

2
2

•

*

10
10

5

-

8
6

-

-

*

41

4 .0 2

3 .7 2 -

4 .4 8

*

*

19

.

2

10

9

-

2
2

95

4

21
2

23

-

7

8

30

53

15

19

13

10

-

*

88

33

•

-

-

-

-

.

*

*

1
1

4

-

4

*

*

2

5

3

8

3

-

“

12
12

1

7

1

a
a

2

2

12
12

1
1

5

7

5

1
1

52

23

26

4

14
4

19

-

24
-

12

18

3

10

3

68

24

48

10

7

5

23

9

8

4 .8 4

3 .0 0 3 .4 8 -

6 .8 0

2

4 .3 3

4 .6 3

-

4 .9 5

4 .0 7

2 .9 0 -

8 .5 0

2

FORKLIFT OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING

194

6 .0 9

6 .6 5

4 .8 7 -

6 .6 5

-

.

-

158

5 .7 7

6 .6 5

4 .7 4 -

6 .6 5

-

-

*

G U A R D S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- -------------

272

3 .6 5

3 .2 5

4 .6 3

15

92

17

136

4 .7 5

4 .6 3

2 .5 0 4 .4 3 -

5 .1 0

-

-

249

3 .5 9

2 .8 5

2 .4 5 -

4 .5 3

15

92

122

4 .7 4

4 .5 8

4 .4 3 -

5 .1 3

-

-

*

-

813

2 .9 8

192

68

192

2 .5 0

2 .3 0 -

2 .7 0

268

17

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




150

-

136

*

150

9

5

10
10

—

-

54

-

-

54

18

37

•

48

18

37

*

48

-

-

-

3

_

.

2
2
1
1

-

*

4 .2 4

4 .6 0

12

*

.

2 .6 6

.

3

•

16

17

5

4 .4 4

132

5

•

3 .5 1 -

681

8

15

3 .8 5

3 .2 0
4 .7 9

15

12

4 .1 5

2 .3 0 3 .7 2 -

56
44

73
65

2 .5 0
4 .6 3

144
•

4 .3 0

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------— --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ---- ---

7

24

144

2

268
-

*

12
12

*

"

79

---------------------------------

1

1
1

24

-

-

382

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-

*

-

*

461

C L A S S B ----------------

5

*

-

4 .0 0

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------NONMANUFACTURING ~

GUARDS,

2
2

16

4 .0 0

3 .0 0 -

57

9
*

5

3 .8 2 -

3 .0 0

30

—

12
11
1

24

3 .9 3

4 .0 7

2

2
56

9

10
10

3 .7 5

*

ISO
—

-

•

-

-

-

160

7

-

*

-

10
10

58

—

18

4

5

11
10

-

*

69

4 .0 0

*

2

295

3 .6 3 -

-

*

4

12
12

3 .9 3

-

2

-

3 .9 0
3 .9 3

344

-

-

-

-

_

12
1
11

2

_

-

-

1
1

4
-

1

-

2l
11

..

3

-

_

—

-

-

-

-

*

_

3
-

-

.

*

3

-

•
-

-

*

•

*

.

4

13

9

2

4

13

-

9

-

9

•

9
-

-

-

108
-

-

*

-

-

2

-

-

9

-

-

108

9
9

2

81

18

.

•

16

-

81

-

-

-

-

•

14

-

..

*

*

4

35

19

5

4

35

19

5

1
1

34

16

23

18

34

16

23

18

34

13

34

13

16
18

16

7

1
1

19

11

8

16

4

48
41

4

7

8

e

1
1

9

*

14

•

14
14

16

*

*

1
1

-

19

-

19

-

-

-

-

•
-

5
5

•
-

-

-

•
-

-

—




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Average
(mean2
hourly
earnings

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
$

$

SH IPPE RS -----------—
MANUFACTURING

62
57

4 .8 8
4 .9 7

6 .3 2
R E C E I V E R S ---------—
6 .2 3 .|
MANUFACTURING

65
48

5 .0 2
5 .3 6

SH IPPERS ANO RECEIVERS ~
MANUFACTURING ----------------

54
S3

4 .4 4
4 .4 6

WAREHOUSEMEN-------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

295
249
46

3 .8 9
3 .9 3
3 .6 3

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

423
73
350

5 .0 3
4 .4 3
5 .1 6

FO RK LIFT OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ---------

193
157

6 .0 9
5 .7 7

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING —

2S3
131

3 .6 8
4 .7 3

231
118

3 .6 3
4 .7 3

537
109
428

3 .1 3
4 .6 2
2 .7 5

5 .8 8
5 .8 0

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------MANUFACTURING----------- ------------------- -

120

MAINTENANCE EL EC TRIC IAN S
MANUFACTURING -----------—

Average
(m ean*)
hourly
earnings 4

111
--------------- ------

25

5 .7 2

--------------------------

31

7 .5 6

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ----------- -----------------------------

167
152

6 .4 1
6 .3 4

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VE H IC LE S) ------MANUFACTURING — NONMANUFACTURING -

157
27
130

6 .9 7
6 .5 3
7 .0 6

TOOL ANO D IE MAKERS MANUFACTURING —
■

216
216

6 .4 5
6 .4 5

56

6 .0 7

SI

6.11

MAINTENANCE PA IN T ERS -----MAINTENANCE M ACHINISTS

STATIONARY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING ---------

—

G U A R D S , C L A S S 3 -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

T R U C K O R IV E R S ------ ---------— ■
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S •

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

JA N IT O R S . PO RTER S. ANO CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------559
93
466
308

6 .6 4
4 .8 2
7 .0 1

TRUCKO RIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
M AN U FACTU RIN G--------------- --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

175
30
145

5 .8 1
4 .8 7

6.00

SH IP P IN G PACKERS

TRUCKO RIVERS. TRACTO R-TRA ILE R -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

135
119

7 .2 1
7 .6 1

JA N IT O R S . PO RT ER S. ANO CLEANERS
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

8 .0 2

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

10

41

4 .0 0

276
253

2 .6 7
2 .5 1




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Wichita, Kans., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

A p r i l 1972
to
A p r i l 1973

A p r i l 1973
to
A p r i l 1974

A p r i l 1974
to
A p r i l 1975

A p r i l 1975
to
A p r i l 1976

A p r i l 1976
to
A p r i l 1977

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
,
In d u s t r ia l n u rs e s
.......
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tra d e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

4 .6
( 6)
5.6
6.0
6.6

6.8
(6)
7.8
6.0
4.4

9.6
10.1
5.8
9.4
10.3

8.3
7.1
9.9
11.6
10.1

7. 6
3.5
8.8
9.3
7.1

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l
E le c t r o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
I n d u s t r ia l n u rs e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tra d e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _
_

4.7
(6)
5.4
5.6
5.3

6.0
( 6)
7.8
5.1
3.2

10.3
(6)
5.7
9.0
8.9

8.8
(6 )
9.9
12.5
13.4

7.7
(6)
8.8
8.3
3.7

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l
.....
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g _______________________
In d u s t r ia l n u rs e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s __

(6 )
( 6)
(6)
8.0

7.8
(6)
(6)
5.4

8.5
( 6)
( 6)
11.0

7.9
( 6)
(6)
6.9

7.3
( 6)
(6 )
9.6

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

11

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in W ichita, Kans., April 1977
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 7

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 8
N o nm anu f a c tu r ing

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 9 o f—

A ll
in d u s trie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 9 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

---------------

90

30

XXX

60

XXX

90

30

XXX

60

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
M I N I M U M --------------------------------------

25

11

11

14

13

37

15

IS

22

20

4
1
1
*

1

1
1
“

3
1
*

3
*
*
*

6
1
2

1
•
1
*

1
—
1
“

5
1
1

4

9
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2

2
2
2
1
2
2
-

ESTABLISHMENTS

$90.00
$92.50
$95.00
$97.50
$100.00
$105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$120.00
$125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$140.00
$145.00
$150.00
$155.00
$160.00
$165.00
$170.00

STUDIED

AND UN DE R
AND UN DE R
AND UNDER
AND UN DE R
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

$ 9 2 . 5 0 -------------$ 9 5 . 0 0 ------------$ 9 7 . 5 0 ------------$ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ------------

U N D E R $ 1 0 5 . 0 0 — -------U N D E R $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R $ 1 1 5 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R $ 1 2 0 . 0 0 — -------U N D E R $ 1 2 5 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R $ 1 3 0 . 0 0 ----- ----U N D E R $ 1 3 5 . 0 0 --- -------U N D E R $ 1 4 0 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R $ 1 4 5 . 0 0 — -------U N D E R $ 1 5 0 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R $ 1 5 5 . 0 0 ----------U N D E R $ 1 6 0 . 0 0 ---------------U N D E R $ 1 6 5 . 0 0 ---------------U N D E R $ 1 7 0 . 0 0 -------- -------O V E R --------------------------- --------

1
*

3

1

1

2

2

2
2

-

-

-

-

2
“
1
1
1
1

2
1
1
1
1

“

-

2

1

2
-

-

2

2

2

1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1

1

2

-

-

1

1

1

•

*

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

-

1
1

2
2

7

7

—

2

2

2
1
2

2

-

1

1

1
1

1
1

1

1

•
-

1
1

*
1

1

**
2

-

-

1

1

1

*

1
1

1

-

-

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
M I N I M U M ---------------------------------------------------------

11

1

XXX

10

XXX

21

9

XXX

12

XXX

ES TA B L I S H M E N T S WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
W O R K E R S IN T H I S C A T E G O R Y --------------------

54

18

XXX

36

XXX

32

6

XXX

26

XXX

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




12




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977

(o
%

( A ll f u ll - t im e m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t)
W o r k e rs on la te s h ifts

A ll w o rk e rs 1
0
Ite m
Second s h ift

T h ir d s h ift

Second s h ift

T h ir d s h ift

IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE S H IFT PROVISIONS ------------

9 8 .2

91.0

2 1 .2

4 .5

WITH NO PAY D IFF ER EN TIA L FOR LATE S H IF T WORK -----------WITH PAY D IFF E R E N TIA L FOR LATE S H IFT WORK ------------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR D IFF ER EN TIA L ----------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D IFF ER EN TIA L ---------------------------------------OTHER D IFF ER EN TIA L -------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .7
9 5 .5
9 3 .5
•
2 .0

•8
9 0 .2
27 .5
62 .7

•4

.1
4 .4
2 .0

2 1 .2

1.7
7 .4
•
16.8
14.7
1.5
4 7 .0
2 .0
2 .2
•
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS

2 0 .8
2 0 .2
-

-

.6

2 .5

2 8 .0

20 .6

3 6 .3

1.7
.7
7 .2
.7
4 .2
7 .6

.4
1.8
4 .4
2 .7
.1
10.1
.3
.3

.3
.1
.1
.7

AVERAGE PAY D IFF ER EN TIA L
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR D IFF ER EN TIA L ----------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE ANO
AMOUNT OF PAY D IFFER EN TIA L
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR*
5 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------------------- — -----------10 CENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 CENTS
15 CENTS
1
18 AND UNDER 19 CENTS --------- ----------------------------------------------20 CENTS
--------------------------25 CENTS
45 CENTS ........................ .. ■*■■■■

OTHER DIFFER EN TIAL*
8 HOURS' PAY FOR 6 1/2 HOURS' WORK,
PLUS UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR --------------------------------------10 CENTS-------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 CENTS-------------------------------------------------------------------------------15 CENTS--------------------------------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS-------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 HOURS' PAY FOR 7 1/2 HOURS' WORK,
PLUS 15 CENTS PER HOUR ---------------------------------------------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR PLUS FORMAL
PAIO LUNCH PERIOD |
-----------------------------------------------------------------

_
-

_

-

-

2 .0
1.2
2 .2

5 9 .5
9 i8
4 .6
4 3 .0
2 .1

—

_

-

1 .2
2 .0

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

13

.6

.2
.2
.3

2 .0
.2
.5
1 .3
<">

-

2 .0

-

.5

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Item
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N onm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT O F WORKERS 0Y SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
100

100

.

ji

89
100

|/2^ q a y 5

3
X
* D n U U " i“ J
♦

UATJi

- ^

1
•

J " " mm

•
•
AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
4 0 .0

See footnote at end of tables.




j 14

4 0 .0

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
Plant workers
Item

O ffice workers

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L -T IM E WORKERS --------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PA10 H0LI0AYS --------------------------------------------------

4

-

11

-

(1 2)

(1 2)

•

96

100

89

100

99

100

99

100

8.8

9.6

7.1

8.9

9.3

10.0

8.6

9.2

2
20
6
9
1
15
33
3
7

9
4
6
2
17
47
5
11

6
40
10
15
10
7
-

11
23
23
43
•
-

96
94
74
69
60
59
44
10
7
7

100
100
91
87
81
79
62
16
11
11

89
82
43
33
18
18
7
—
-

100
100
89
89
66
66
43
•

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
5 H O L ID A Y S ------- 1
*--------- , T , tt , ------------- -r— . ,
6 h o l i d a y s --------------------------- ----------------------------------7 HOLIDAYS
■■■■
8 h o l id a y s
- .
PLUS 1 HALF D A Y ----------------------— --------------9 HOLIDAYS ---------------- -IQ HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS
18 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------------13 H O L ID A Y S -------------- ----------------- ---------------------------

(1 2)
10
4
11
1
27
33
1
3
10

-

5
6
3
1
14
51
2
18

1
15
2
20
41
14
*
5
2

4
28
*
3
65
*
*
*

99
99
84
82
62
62
21
7
7
2

100
100
96
96
68
68
65
•

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PA IO HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED1
3
5
6
7
8

DAYS
DAYS
DAYS
DAYS

OR
OR
OR
OR

M O R E----------------- --------------------------- . . .
M O R E------- ------------------------------------- . . .
M O R E----------------- ----------------------------------MORE ----------------------------------------------------8 1/2 D A Y S O R M O R E ------------------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------------------IQ DAYS OR M O R E--------------------------- ------- ------- — 11 DAYS OR M O R E -------------------------------------------12 DAYS OR M O R E-------------------------------------------------13 D A Y S --------------- ------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




15

99
99
90
86
74
74
47
14
13
10

100
100
95
89
87
86
71
20

16

18

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
Plant workers
Ite m

O ffice workers

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

100

100

100

100

1

-

3

-

•

-

99
96
3

100
95
5

97
97
*

100
lo o
•

100
99
1

100
98
2

100
100

100
100

•

-

6 MONTHS OF SERVICES
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------------1 WEEK
—
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------■
-------

10
A
(1 2)

10
1

-

Al

-

10
10
1

1
13
A

*
1
*

3
26
9

A9
-

1 YEAR OF SERVICES
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------------1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — —
2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------------

2
75
3
20

3
75
1
21

73
6
18

C12)
A5
2
53

1
65
1
34

—
2A
3
73

—
A7
2

2 YEARS OF SERVICES
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------------1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS --------------WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------------

2
15
3
78
1
*

3
13

20

1

2

5

83

69
3
*

•
1
1
97
(1 2)
*

—
2
96
2
*

Manufacturing

Nonmanufactur ing

Public utilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L-T IM E WORKERS --------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID V A C A T IO N S ----------------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAIO V A C A T IO N S ---------------------------------------- ------LE N G T H -O F -T IM E PAYMENT --------- --------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -----------------------------------

100
-

100
-

100

100

AMOUNT OF PAIO VACATION AFTER *14

2

3 YEARS OF SERVICES
I WEEK ------------------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -------------WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -------3 WEEKS --------------------------------

2

A YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK
—
OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -------2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -------3 WEEKS — —
—
—
—
—
5 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK
- ■
O V E R 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -------2 WEEKS ....................... .
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -------3 WEEKS

A
3
81
7
A

A
3

-

1
A
81
8
7
1

33
19
A8
81
19
*

12
81

-

75
25

A
*

*

12

A

80

5

—

—

81
8
7

80
7

68
26
6

A

1

1

-

3

2

3

-

78
8
10

77

81

10
11

A

—
-

56
26
19

9

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




16

(1 2 )
3
1
94
(12)
1
1
(1 2 )
93

6

1
92
”
1

4

1
1
87
8

2

3

i

1

(1 2 )

-

51

-

*

-

99

98

(1 2 )

2
*

(1 2)

i

-

*
-

87
8
3

98

92

2

8

*

*

'•
(12)

•
i

*
*

*
••

67
19
14

63

71
11
18

87

(1 2 )
92
5

2

25

10

10
3

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977— Continued
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

AMOUNT OF P A I D
C O N T IN U E D

A l l in d u s trie s

V A C A T IO N

A F T E R 14

2 MEEKS -----------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANQ. UNDER 3 M E E K S ------------3 WEEKS
OVER 3 ANO UNDER A MEEKS ------------A MEEKS -----------------------------------------------------YEARS
1 MEEK

OF S E R V I C E :
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 WEEKS ------------3 WEEKS
- - - — —
OVER 3 AND UNDER A MEEKS ------------A M E E K S -------------------- --------- ------------------—
15

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK .......................................
2 M E E K S ------ - -------- ----------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 MEEKS ------------3 WEEKS
OVER 3 ANO UNDER A MEEKS ------------4 WEEKS
OVER A AND UNDER 5 MEEKS -------------

20

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 MEEK -------------------------------------------------------2 MEEKS -----------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 MEEKS — —
3 WEEKS — — —
— — •
~
OVER 3 AND UNDER A MEEKS ------------WEEKS — — —
............
OVER A AND U N D E R 5 WEEKS ------ --—
5 MEEKS

A

OVER
25

5

YEARS
1 WEEK

UNDER 6 WEEKS -------------

AND
OF

- - - - - - -

A

>5 WEEKS
OVER 5 AND

UNDER

3

P u b lic u t il it ie s

-

*
*
*
77
19
5

i
13
3
73

3
3
82

6

8

3
33
3
5A
3

3

A

1

A

3
33
3
5A
3

1
A
71

6
A

80

8
6

1
11

-

3
67

3
80
9

6
10
1

1
11
1
21
8
A8
5
3

2

6
*

*

2
19

12
55

a
3

1

S E R V IC E :

2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER
3 WEEKS
OVER 3 ANO UNDER
WEEKS
OVER A AND UNDER

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

WEEKS -------------

1
11
1
20

P u b lic u t il it ie s

*

-

•

1

80

V5

8

>6

2
1

9

*
(1 2 )

3
28
3
A2

*
“
*
3A

*
A
55

1

10

3
28
3
2A

*
*
“

*
34

77

•
3
3

1A
(1 2 )
73
A
A

19

(1 2 )

AA
5
7

55

*
23

-------------

(1 2 )

*
A

1

2A

5 MEEKS

“

“
41
*
40
19

*
1A
3

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

17

1A
(1 2 )
59
7
IS
(1 2 )

8

2
1

(1 2 )

A8
15
27
(1 2 )

63
26

18

3

97

•

21

3

-

79

-

6

28

•

8
2

41
19

-

—

12
2

—

*

1

1

(1 2 )

2

112)
1

18
3

*
A

—

82

1

12




No n m a n u i a c tu r in g

12
.2

65
25
9

18

1

81
7
5

'*
(1 2 )

72
16
5

8

MEEKS -------------

6
1

77
19
5

2

8
A

*

1

-------------

6

M a n u fa c tu rin g

1

A MEEKS

m

A l l in d u s trie s

-

10 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
I M E E K ------ --------------------- --------------------- -------

12

M a n u fa c tu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

*
(1 2 )
*

11
1
77

8

A

—

8
2
17
69
-

A

37

2
58

2

-

8A
13

(1 2 )

(1 2 )
*

10
1
76

2

*

—
-

8
2
17
A1

36

8

6

2

5

26
(1 2 )

60

2

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

AMOUNT O F P A I D
C O N T IN U E D
30

V A C A T IO N

A l l in d u s tr ie s

A F T E R 14

M a n u fa c tu rin g

tfo n m anu f a c tu r in g

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s

-

T E A R S OF S E R V I C E ! .
1 WEEK
r 2 W E E K S -----------------------------------------— -------O V E R 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------------3 WEEKS
------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------------A WEEKS
O V E R 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS ------------■5 WEEKS — ------- — ........... ■ ■ ■ • —
!
------O V E R 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -------------

MAXIMUM V A C A T IO N A V A I L A B L E !
I W E E K ------------------------------------- :-----------------2 W E E K S -----.............................
O V E R 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ------ ------■3 W E E K S ------------------------------------------------—
O V E R 3 A NP U NDER 4 WEEKS ------------4 WEEKS ....... ................................... ....... —
OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------------5 WEEKS --------------------- ----------- ------------ ;-------O V E R 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS — --------

3
28
3
24

*

*
4

*

1

1
11
1
20

18

a
44

12

*•

55

22
1

35

14
3

40
19

3
28
3
24
-

*•
—

•

2

6

8

7

4

1

1
11

-

I

-

2

20
8

18

44

55

12

6

8

7

4

1

14

6

—
35

22
1

6

14
3

40
19

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




P u b lic u t il it ie s

18

(1 2 )
59
7
15
(1 2 )

•
4

1
14
(1 2 )
59
4
18
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
-

•

8
2

•

10
1

17

•

•

76

41

36

8

•

6

2

5

26

60

*

(1 2 )

2

*

*
—
*

(1 2 )
-

10
1
76

8
2
17
*
41

*
36

8

1

2

5

31
(1 2 )

60

2

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

PERCENT
AU.

OF

F U L L -T IM E

M a n u f a c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s

100

100

100

100

lo o

100

100

100

WORKERS

WORKERS ----------------

I N E S T A B L IS H M E N T S P R O V I D IN G AT
L E A S T ONE OF THE B E N E F I T S
SHOWN B E L O W 1 5 ------------- ----------------------------L I F E I N S U R A N C E ------ --------- -----------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S —
—
~
A C C ID E N T A L DEATH AND
DISM EM BERM ENT IN S U R A N C E ----------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S ------------------S IC K N E S S
OR S I C K

A l l in d u s tr ie s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

AND A C C ID E N T IN S U R A N C E
L E A V E OR B O T H 16-------------- ~

S IC K N E S S AND A C C ID E N T
IN S U R A N C E ------ ------------- --------------— —
N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S --------------S IC K L E A V E ( F U L L P A Y AND NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ------------------------------S I C K L E A V E (P A R T I A L P A Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ------------------------------L O N G -T E R M D I S A B I L I T Y
IN S U R A N C E ----------- --------------------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S ------------- -----H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N IN S U R A N C E --------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S ------------------S U R G IC A L IN S U R A N C E -------------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

100

99

100

96

100

100

loo

100

95

100

86

95

99

99

99

36

34

38

72

57

lo o
38

76

72

69

68

72

76

65

66

64

72

32

32

33

70

43

37

48

69

85

93

68

98

90

97

83

96

70

90
28

32

25

47

72

21

17

23

13

19

12

11

14

15

25

21

33

41

41

33

50

36

58

28

45

42

55

16

10

4

4

3

46

43

21

41

25

7

43

58

7

41

19

6

33

58

100
68

99

100

99

33

30

37

100
66

98

100

94

25

26

25

98

100

94

100

99

26

25

100
68

99

25

33

30

37

100
66

...................
— —
P L A N S .....................

97

100

91

94

99

100

25

26

24

62

33

30

98
37

100
66

MAJOR M E D IC A L IN S U R A N C E -------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S -------------------

98

100

94

100

97

26

25

100
68

99

25

32

30

35

100
66

D E N T A L IN S U R A N C E ----------- ------------------ -----N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S .............. ......

47

63

16

63

56

30

12

61

30

71
36

40
25

63

24

R E T IR E M E N T P E N S I O N ------------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y P L A N S ------------- ------

78

94

47

87

86

94

77

92

73

92

36

87

77

93

61

92

M E D IC A L IN S U R A N C E
N O N C O N T R IB U T O R Y

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




19

60

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977
P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

I te m
N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 17

78

29

$ 6 ,3 0 0

5 6 ,6 00

A ll
p la n s 1
7

TYPE

FU LL-T IM E

FLAT-SUM
AMO UN T

OF
OF

ARE

A ND

A ll
pla n s 1
7

93

33

46

5 6 ,6 00

5 6 ,9 0 0

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

INSUR ANC E

W O RKE RS

DOLLAR

PERCENT

PLAN

OF

LL

OF

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

AMOUNT

PROVIDED

TH E

SAM E

AMO UN TS

ALL

FU LL-T IM E

INSURANCE

W O R K E R S 1 8 --------------------------------

70

11

11

5 6 ,2 0 0

5 4 ,8 00

P R O V I D E D : 19
---------------

M EAN
M EDIAN

—

---------------------

5 7 ,0 0 0

5 5 ,0 00

5 7 ,0 00

$ 7 ,5 00

$ 6 ,0 0 0
$ 7 ,0 00

$ 5 ,7 0 0
5 5 ,0 00

$ 7 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0

MIDDLE

OF

WHICH

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

5 5 ,0 0 0 -

7 ,000

$ 4 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

5 5 ,0 0 0 -

7 ,000

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

$ 5 ,0 0 0 -

7 ,0 0 0

5 4 ,0 0 0 -

7 ,5 0 0

5 5 ,0 0 0 -

7 ,000

$ *,0 0 0 -

5 ,0 0 0

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

5 2 ,5 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

$ 2 ,5 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

5 3 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

$ 2 ,5 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

$ 3 ,0 0 0 -

7 ,0 0 0

5 2 ,5 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

5 4 ,0 0 0 -

7 ,000

$ 2 ,5 0 0 -

7 »S 0 0

•

•

.

-

IN SU R AN C E

IN D IC ATE S

INSURANCE

FOR

PERCENT
AMOUNT

6

(50

MIDDLE

MOUNT

RANGE

OF
OF

A

A

IS

BASED

ALL
OF

A

SCHEDULE

DOLLAR

LENGTH

FU LL-T IM E

IN SU R AN C E

MONTHS

ON

S PEC IF IED

S PEC IF IED

AMOUNT

OF

OF

SERVICES

W O R K E R S 18 --------------------------------

•

-

•

-

P R O V I D E D 19 A F T E R S

SER VIC ES
-

—

•

•

.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.

•

-

-

•

M IOD LE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

-

•

.

•

•

•

•

•

MIDDLE

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

•

•

•

•

•

•

•

-

mean

------------------------------- -- —

M EDIAN

1

YEAR

OF

•
•

-

SER VIC E *

-

-

•

•
—

-

»»-■ ■ ■ »■

—

-

MEDI AN

m

•

M ID DLE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

•

-

-

—

•

•

•

•

M ID DLE

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

-

-

•

•

•

-

•

•

•

•
-

-

-

-

•

-

•

•
-

-

-

MEAN

5

YEARS

OF

-

M EDIAN

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

•

M IOD LE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

•

M ID DLE

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

YEARS

OF

-

S ER VIC ES

MEAN

10

•

—

•

-

•

•

•

•

•

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

SER VIC ES
•

-

•

•

•

•

•

—

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

•

•

•

-

-

•

MID OLE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

•
-

.

•

.

•

•

•

•

M ID DLE

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

M EDIAN

20

YEARS

OF

SER VIC ES

M E A N ------------------------------------------------ --------------------------------------

«•

•

•

•

•

•

•

M EDIAN

•

•

-

•

•

-

•

-

•

-

.

•

•

-

•

—

■ ■■

MIOD LE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

M ID DLE

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------------

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




20

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Wichita, Kans., April 1977— Continued
P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o rk ers

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

4

A ll
pla n s 1
7

A l l in d u s trie s

4

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

A ll
pla n s 1
7

Manufacturing

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

N oncontributor y
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1

TYPE OP PLAN AND AMOUNT
OP I N S U R A N C E-CONTINUED
iMOUNT O P I N S U R A N C E IS B A S E D O N A S C H E D U L E
W H I C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R A M O U N T OP
INSURANCE FOR A SPECI F I E D AMOUNT OP EARNINGSt
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18----------A M O U N T O P I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19 I P !
ANNUAL EARN I N G S ARE $5,060!
M E D I A N ---------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E (SO P E R C E N T ) ---------M I O D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) ---------ANNUAL EARN I N G S ARE $10,000!
MEAN
MEDIAN M I D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) ------M I O D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) --- —
■
ANNUAL EARN I N G S ARE $15,000!
MEAN
MEDIAN —
M I D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T )
M I D D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T )
ANNUAL EARN I N G S ARE $20,000!
m e a n ---- —
— —
— ---M E D I A N --------- — --- -----M I D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T )
M I O D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T )
A M O U N T O P I N S U R A N C E IS E X P R E S S E D AS A F A C T O R OP
ANNUAL EARN I N G S *2
0
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18----------FACTOR OF ANNUAL E A RNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E ! 19 2
0
M E A N -MEDIAN —
M I D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) ---------M I D D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) ---------P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S C O V E R E D BY
P L A N S N O T S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M A M O U N T OF
I N S U R A N C E --- ----— —
------------------------P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S C O V E R E D 8Y
P L A N S S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M A M O U N T OF
I N S U R A N C E --------- --------------- -------------S P E C I F I E D M A X I M U M A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E ! 1'
M E D I A N ---------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) ---------M I D D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) ----------

A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E IS 8 A S E 0 O N S O M E O T H E R TYPE
OF P L AN!
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.




n
$6,600
$5,000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 9,000
*3,000-10,700

$5,700
$5,000
$5,000- 5,000
$5,000- 9,500

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

4

21

27

$7,900
S6«000
$5,000-11,000
$5,000-11,000

—

$7,800
$5,500
$5,000-11,000
$5,000-12,000

$4,900
$5,500
$5,000- 5,500
$3,000- 5,500

(6)
( 6)

(

$13,600
$10,000
$10*000-22,000
$7,000-22,000

$10,800
$10,000
$10,000-10,000
$10,000-18,000

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

-

$18,400
$15,000
$10,000-25,000
$10,000-31,500

$18,500
$10,000
$10,000-31,500
$10,000-31,500

$7,400
$6,500
$6*500- 7,000
$6,500-10,000

$19,800
$15,000
$15,000-30,000
$7,000-35,000

$15,300
$15,000
$15,000-15,000
$15,000-18,000

'6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

.
*

$27,200
$22,500
$15,000-37,500
$14,000-45,000

$27,500
$20,000
$15,000-45,000
$15,000-45,000

$8,700
$7,000
$ 7 , 0 0 0 - 7 ,000
$7,000-15,000

$27,000
$20,000
$20*000-42,000
$14,000-50,000

$19,800
$20,000
$20,000-20,000
$18,000-20.000

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

.
-

$41,800
$30,000
$20,000-50,000
$14,000-90,000

$44,500
$20,000
$20,000-90,000
$20,000-90,000

$12,600
$7,0 0 0
$7,000-20,000
$7,000-20,000

5
1.15
1 .0 0
1 .00-1.00
1 .00-2.00

2

1 .0 0
1 .0 0
1 .00-1.00
1 .00-1.00

-

2

1

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

4

1

1

1

1

1

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

1

(12)

1

1.99
2.25
2.00-2.25
1.50-2.25

21

2 .0 1

2.25
2.00-2.25
1.50-2.25

1

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

( 6)

6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)

(6 )

(6)

( 6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)

25

24

2 .1 2

2.13

(6)
,(6>
(6)

( 6)

7

-

-

22

(6)

6

15

(6)

7

15

( 6)

18

$228,000
$300,000
$ 1 2 5 , 0 0 0 - 3 0 0 , 00C
$ 1 2 5 , 0 0 0 - 3 0 0 , 00C

4

$228,000
$300,000
$125,000-300,000
$125,000-300,000

4

$285,200
(6)
(6)
(6)

1

18
$285,200
(

6)

( 6)
(6)

Footnotes

S o m e o f th e s e s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S tan d ard h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly
h o u rs.
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted fo r each jo b b y to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f
a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig ­
nates p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e iv e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e iv e th e s a m e o r le s s than the ra te shown.
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a te s o f p ay; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the sam e o r le s s than
the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n the s a m e or m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 E a r n in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n tific a tio n w as
p r o v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 r e la te to m en o n ly f o r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e ­
la te to m en and w o m e n .
6 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .
7
F o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e h ir in g s a l­
a r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s .
8 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .
10 In c lu d e s a l l p lan t w o r k e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t ­
ing la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , e v e n though th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te
s h ifts .
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
1
12 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays th at add to the s a m e am ount
3
a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f
10 days in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 10 fu ll d ays and no h a lf d a y s, 9 fu ll days and
2 h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r tio n s then
w e r e cu m u lated .




14 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than " le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e ­
f le c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n ; f o r e x a m p le , ch an ges in p r o ­
p o r tio n s at 10 y e a r s in clu d e ch an ges b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s
a r e c u m u la tiv e . ' T h u s , th e p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le fo r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay
a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f t e r f e w e r
y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
15 E s tim a te s lis t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h ich
a t le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r .
"N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y th e e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e
l e g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
6
a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to
th o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay
th at ea c h e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t.
In fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
1 E s tim a te s u n der " A l l p la n s " r e la t e to a ll plans f o r w h ich at le a s t
7
a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r .
E s tim a te s u n der " N o n c o n t r ib ­
u to r y p la n s " in clu d e o n ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r .
18 F o r " A l l in d u s t r ie s ," a ll f u ll - t i m e p lan t w o r k e r s o r o ffic e w o r k e r s
eq u a l 100 p e rc e n t.
F o r "M a n u fa c t u r in g ," a l l f u ll - t i m e plant w o r k e r s o r
o f f ic e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g equ al 100 p e rc e n t.
19 T h e m ea n am oun t is com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s
p r o v id e d in s u ra n c e by th e am ount o f in s u r a n c e p r o v id e d , to ta lin g the p r o d ­
u c ts , and d iv id in g the sum b y th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n in d ic a te s
that h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r s m a lle r and h a lf
an am ount equ al to o r la r g e r than the am oun t shown.
M id d le ra n g e (50 p e r ­
c e n t)— a fo u rth o f th e w o rk e rs .-a r e p r o v id e d an am oun t eq u a l to o r le s s than
th e s m a lle r am ount and a fo u rth a r e p r o v id e d an am oun t equ al to o r m o r e
than the l a r g e r am oun t.
M id d le ra n g e (80 p e r c e n t)--- 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am oun t equ al to o r le s s than th e s m a lle r am ount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r am ount.
20 A fa c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b er b y w h ich annual e a rn in g s
a r e m u ltip lie d to d e te r m in e the am ount o f in s u ra n c e p r o v id e d .
F o r e x a m p le ,
a fa c t o r o f 2 in d ic a te s that f o r annual e a rn in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the am ount o f
in s u ra n c e p r o v id e d is $20, 000.

22

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e fits a r e ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u re a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In each o f th e
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is
c o lle c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In each o f th e 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in th e o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f th e b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c tio n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts is s e le c t e d .
W h en data a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e
g en era ted .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is
g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o th e r s .
A n a lte r n a t e o f
th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o sen in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f d ata a r e not a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u ita b le su b s titu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to th e m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a rn in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1)
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in th e sa m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p en d ix B.

U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s
a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o ccu p atio n s
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y ­
m en t in th e o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ­
ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t
data.
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e not p re s e n te d w hen the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f th e m en
o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e ly
fo r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , fo r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than on e l e v e l , data a r e in clu d ed in
th e o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le .
E a rn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e b on u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to th e stan dard
w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d/or p r e m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e occu p a tio n s
a r e rou n ded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in th e d is trib u tio n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a ch an ge in th e s iz e o f th e c la s s
in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t im e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ge s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e
watges d u rin g th e y e a r .
C h an ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in
ta b le A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s ch an ges f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s .
In d u s tr ie s
1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, V a .— C . ;
N.
d if fe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
and Syracuse, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas
at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.
a c c u r a te ly th e w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .




A v e r a g e p a y l e v e ls f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s
should not b e a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d if fe r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a te s p aid
in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c if ic d u ties w ith in th e
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f the study and not th e n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s stu d ied .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s d ata.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r

s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t in g
th e tr e n d jo b s in both th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e ffe c t on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ffe c t e d by
fa c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and tu r n o v e r m a y
a ffe c t an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id
u n der p la n s p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s
o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tto m
o f th e r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t ch a n ges r e la t e to w a g e c h a n ges b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d
d a te s .
W h en th e t im e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m o n th s , annual
r a te s a r e show n.
(I t is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a c on stan t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l — C on tin u ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F i l e c l e r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s 2

O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e f i t t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d plant

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

P e r c e n t ch an ges f o r
as fo llo w s :




in th e p r o g r a m a r e

com p u ted

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e com p u ted f o r each o c c u p a tio n fo r
th e 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a re d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in th e
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d th at e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s unch an ged.

2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in
th e b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d
to o b ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
c om p u ted b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t chan ge.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f th e m eth od u sed to com p u te
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J an u ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t- p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e in c id e n c e o f s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s is stu d ie d f o r f u l l - t i m e p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
P la n t w o r k e r s in c lu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s
e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te w o r k e r s a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s in c lu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
L e a d w o r k e r s and
t r a in e e s a r e in c lu d e d am on g n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u ­
t i v e , p r o fe s s io n a l and p a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s as w e l l as c o n s tru c tio n w o r k e r s
u t iliz e d as s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m both th e plant and o f f i c e
w o r k e r c a t e g o r ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s
w o r k e r s tr e la t e o n ly to th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
B e c a u s e o f the
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b ilit y th at l a r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l ik e ly than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h a ve f o r m a l e n tr a n c e

2
In 1977, switchboard operators are included in the wage trend computation for all except the following
fo r o ffic e
areas: Canton, Chicago, Cincinnati, Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, Houston, Huntsville, Jackson, New Orleans,
o p tim u m
Portland (Oregon), Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, Richmond, San Antonio, Seattle-Everett, South Bend,
and Wichita.

in d iv id u a l a r e a s

r a te s a b o v e th e s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s
in m e d iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
(T h e " X ' s " shown u n der stan dard
w e e k ly h o u rs in d ic a te that no m e a n in g fu l to ta ls a r e a p p lic a b le .)
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls — m a n u fa c tu rin g (ta b le B - 2 ) .
Data w e r e c o lle c t e d
on p o lic ie s o f m a n u fa c tu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d in g pay d iffe r e n t ia ls f o r
p lan t w o r k e r s on la te s h ifts .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s id e r e d as h a vin g p o lic ie s
a r e th o s e w h ich (1 ) h a ve p r o v is io n s in w r it in g c o v e r in g the o p e r a tio n o f la te
s h ifts , o r (2 ) h a v e o p e r a te d la te s h ifts at any t im e d u rin g th e 12 m onths
p r e c e d in g a s u r v e y .
W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a ve s e v e r a l d if fe r e n t ia ls "w h ich
v a r y by jo b , th e d if fe r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to th e m a jo r it y o f the p lan t w o r k e r s is
reco rd ed .
W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a ve d if fe r e n t ia ls w h ich ap p ly o n ly to c e r ta in
h ou rs o f w o r k , th e d if fe r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to th e m a jo r it y o f th e sh ift h ou rs is
reco rd ed .
F o r p u rp o s e s o f th is stu d y, a la te s h ift is e ith e r a seco n d (e v e n in g )
s h ift w h ich ends at o r n e a r m id n igh t o r a th ir d (n ig h t) s h ift w h ich s ta r ts at o r
n e a r m id n ig h t.
D if fe r e n t ia ls f o r s e co n d and th ir d s h ifts a r e s u m m a r iz e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic ie s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d by
a ll p lan t w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t at th e t im e o f the s u r v e y ) and (2)
e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d if fe r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d by plan t
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c ifie d s h ift at th e t im e o f th e s u r v e y ).
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s .
P r o v is io n s w h ich a p p ly to a m a jo r it y o f th e
p lant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s id e r e d to a p p ly to a ll
p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t ic e o r p r o v is io n is
c o n s id e r e d n o n e x is te n t w h en it a p p lie s to le s s than a m a jo r it y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e c o n s id e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n t ly e lig ib le f o r th e b e n e fits as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s who
w i l l e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .
Sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays (ta b le B - 3 ) . S ch ed u led w e e k ly
h o u rs and days r e f e r to th e n u m b e r o f h o u rs and d ays p e r w e e k w h ich f u l l ­
t im e f i r s t (d a y ) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r p a id f o r at
s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e in clu d ed o n ly i f th e y a r e
g ra n te d a n n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s is (p r o v id e d f o r in w r itte n f o r m o r e s t a b ­
lis h e d b y c u s to m ).
T h e y a r e in c lu d e d e v en though in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r
th e y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and e m p lo y e e s a r e not g ra n te d an o th er d ay o f f .
E m p lo y e e s m a y be p a id f o r th e t im e o f f o r m a y r e c e iv e p r e m iu m p ay in
lie u o f t im e o ff.
D ata a r e ta b u la te d to show th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e g ra n te d
s p e c ific n u m b e rs o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2 ) a r e g ra n te d s p e c ifie d
am oun ts o f to ta l h o lid a y t im e (w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ).
P a id v a c a tio n s (ta b le B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t t h e ir m eth o d o f
c a lc u la tin g v a c a tio n p a y (t im e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , fla t - s u m
p a y m e n t, e tc .) and th e am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y g ra n te d .
O n ly b a s ic f o r m a l
p la n s a r e r e p o r te d . V a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a tio n - s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic p lan s a r e exc lu d e d .
F o r ta b u la tin g v a c a tio n p a y g ra n te d , a l l p r o v is io n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t im e b a s is .
V a c a tio n p a y c a lc u la te d on o th e r than a t im e b a s is is
c o n v e r te d to its e q u iv a le n t t im e p e r io d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p le , is ta b u la te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a tio n p a y .
A l s o , p r o v is io n s a f t e r ea c h s p e c ifie d le n g th o f s e r v ic e a r e r e la t e d
to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f




s e r v ic e .
V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n ly p r o v id e f o r a l a r g e r am ount o f v a c a tio n
p a y as s e r v ic e le n g th e n s .
Counts o f p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by le n g th o f
s e r v ic e w e r e not o b ta in e d .
T h e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n p ay g ra n te d p r e s e n t,
t h e r e f o r e , s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v is io n s r a th e r than p r o p o r tio n s
o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s (ta b le s B - 6 a n d B - 7 ) . H e a lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s in clu d e p lan s f o r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r pays
e ith e r a ll o r p a r t o f th e c o s t.
T h e c o s t m a y be ( l ) u n d e r w r itte n by a
c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r has c o n trib u te d , o r (3 ) b o rn e d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p lo y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund s e t a s id e to c o v e r th e c o s t.
A p la n is in c lu d e d e v e n though a m a jo r it y o f the e m p lo y e e s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m en t do n ot c h o o s e to p a r t ic ip a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its c o s t (p r o v id e d th e c h o ic e to p a r t ic ip a t e is a v a ila b le o r w i l l
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a ila b le to a m a jo r it y ).
L e g a l l y r e q u ir e d p lan s such as
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a tio n , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e 3 a r e ex c lu d e d .
L i f e in s u ra n c e in c lu d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v id in g in d e m n ity (u s u a lly
th ro u g h an in s u ra n c e p o lic y ) in c a s e o f d eath o f th e c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In fo r m a tio n is a ls o p r o v id e d in ta b le B - 7 on ty p e s o f l i f e in s u ra n c e p lans
and th e am ount o f c o v e r a g e in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and in m a n u fa c tu rin g .
A c c id e n t a l d eath and d is m e m b e r m e n t is lim it e d to p la n s w h ich
p r o v id e b e n e fit p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f d eath o r lo s s o f lim b o r sigh t as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t.
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e in c lu d e s o n ly th o s e plan s w h ich
p r o v id e th at p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts b e m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p lo y e e s
w h o lo s e t im e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s o r in ju r y , e .g ., $ 5 0 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b ilit y .
S ic k le a v e p lan s a r e lim it e d to fo r m a l p lan s 4 w h ich p r o v id e fo r
con tin u in g an e m p lo y e e 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f illn e s s .
D ata c o lle c t e d d is tin g u is h b e tw e e n (1 ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) plan s w h ich e ith e r p r o v id e p a r t ia l p a y o r r e q u ir e a
w a itin g p e r io d .
3
Temporary disability insurance which provides beneiits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island.
Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute.
In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance. A c t) provides temporary disability insurance
benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not.
The legislation requires
that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4
A n establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u ra n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to to t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon th e e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir p aid s ic k le a v e an d / o r s ic k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y
( t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til th e end o f th e d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g ib ilit y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m en ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s red u c e d by s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility
c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n show s th e p e r c e n t o f f u ll- t im e plant and
o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e W ic h ita a r e a in w h ich a
union c o n tra c t o r c o n tra c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , A p r i l 1977:
P la n t w o r k e r s

H o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in s u ra n ce p lan s r e p o r te d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a ym en t f o r b a s ic s e r v ic e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o s p ita l e x p e n s e s .
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s .
M e d ic a l
in s u ra n ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s t r ic t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e fo r m in o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r a g e a p p lie s to s e r v ic e s w h ich go
b eyon d th e b a s ic
s e r v ic e s
c o v e r e d u n der h o s p it a liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e t y p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s that a
" d e d u c t ib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c o in s u ra n c e
fe a tu r e th at r e q u ir e s th e in s u re d to p a y a p o r tio n ( e . g . , 20 p e rc e n t) o f
c e r ta in e x p e n s e s , and (3 ) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a x im u m o f b e n e fits (e . g . ,
$ 10,000 a y e a r ).

A l l in d u s t r ie s ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rih g _____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s ______

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

58
76
25
92

7
13
64

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a ve a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a
la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o th e r plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e ith e r do not h a ve la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
c o n tra c ts in e f fe c t , o r h a ve c o n tra c ts that a p p ly to f e w e r than h a lf o f th e ir
p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f
th e exten t to w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d by th e p r o v is io n s
o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
and th e in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is lim it e d .

D en ta l in s u ra n c e p lan s p r o v id e n o r m a l d en ta l s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
P la n s w h ich p r o v id e b e n e fits
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r
r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r te d .
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n p lans p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r p a y m en ts to th e r e t ir e e
fo r l i f e .
In clu d ed a r e d e fe r r e d p r o f it - s h a r in g p lan s w h ich p r o v id e th e op tion
o f p u rc h a s in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.




In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g
O v e r t h r e e - f ift h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in
th e W ic h ita a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g
p r e s e n ts th e m a jo r in d u s try g ro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t
o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u s tr y gro u p s
T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t_____ 65
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c ts ____ 8
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 7
F a b r ic a te d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ____
6

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
A i r c r a f t and p a r t s ________

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in
v a r io u s in d u s try d iv is io n s m a y d i f fe r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on th e re s u lts
o f th e s u r v e y as shown in a p p en d ix ta b le l .

A ppendix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w o rkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in W ic h ita , K a n s .,1 A pril 1977
Number of establishments

Industry division 2

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Within scope
of study3

Number

Percent

Full-tim e
plant workers

Full-tim e
office workers

Total4

90

7 5 ,4 8 5

100

4 4 ,7 9 5

11,420

5 0 ,7 0 3

-

94
216

30
60

43,981
3 1 ,5 0 4

58
42

2 9 ,603
15,192

5 ,8 3 3
5 ,5 8 7

3 6 ,397
14,306

50
50
50
50
50

22

11
6

5 ,1 4 4

29
97
29
40

2 ,6 0 8

7
3

17
7
19

15,823
3 ,5 8 4
4 ,3 4 5

2 ,5 80
< >
<6>
( 7>
<6>

1,1 73
< »
<6>

3 ,9 2 4
694
5 ,4 0 3
1,813
2 ,4 7 2

50

1 The Wichita Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Office of Management
and Budget through February 1974, consists of Butler and Sedgwick Counties. The "workers within
scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size
and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however,
for comparison with other employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1)
planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay­
roll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify estab­
lishments by industry division. However, a ll government operations are excluded from the scope
of the survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll
outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, part-tim e, and other workers excluded from the separate
plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -series tables. Taxicabs and services
incidental to water transportation are excluded. Wichita's transit system is municipally operated
and is excluded by definition from the scope of the survey.




Studied

Tota l4

Studied

310

ALL D IV I S I O N S --------------------- ---- ---------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------- ------------- -------- ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------- ---------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------ ---------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE -----------SERVICES
----------------— ------------------

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

27

6

21

5
6

6

6

<6>
<6>

This division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in
the A -serie s tables, and fo r "a ll industries" in the B -series tables. Separate presentation of data
is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment is too small to provide
enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4)
there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire division are represented in estimates fo r "a ll industries" and
"nonmanufacturing" in the A -s e rie s tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates for
"a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing” in the B -series tables. Separate presentation of data is
not made fo r one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6.
8 Hotels and m otels: laundries and other personal services: business services; automobile
repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bu­
reau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appro­
priate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establish­
ment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational
wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this empha­
sis on inter establishment and interarea comparability of occupational
content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those
in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; begin­
ners; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped
workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also
excluded. Trainees are excluded from the survey except for those re­
ceiving on-the-job training in some of the lower level professional and
technical occupations.

Office
SECRET ARY— Continued

SECRETARY
Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual.
Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activ­
ities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of
detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the
organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition
are as follows:




Exclus ions--- C ontinued
a. Positions which do not meet the "personal"
described above;

b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
c. Stenographers serving as bffice assistants to a group of pro­
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;
d. Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more re­
sponsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which
are not typical' of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assist­
ant, or Executive Assistant;

Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced
in this survey:
Tool and die maker
Guard
Shipper and receiver
(previously surveyed
as shipping and
receiving clerk)
T ruckdriver

Order clerk
Payroll clerk
Secretary
Switchboard operator
Switchboard operator-receptionist
Transcribing-machine typist
Machine tool operator (toolroom)

The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator. Workers previously
classified as watchmen are now classified as guards under the revised description.

29

secretary concept

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRET ARY— Continued

Exclusions— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

e. Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled "Level of Supervisor," e.g., secretary to the
president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;

e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organi­
zational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.

f. Trainees.
Classification by Level

LS 4

Secretary jobs which meet the above characteristics are matched at
one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company's organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility. The chart following the explanations of these two
factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the
factors.

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that
employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.

Level of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
Secretaries should be matched at one of the four LS levels described
below according to the level of the secretary's supervisor within the company
organizational structure.
LS—1

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert. (NOTE: M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

LS—2

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for LS— but whose organizational unit normally
3,
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer
than 5,000 persons.

LS—
3

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or

NOTE: The term "corporate officer" used in the above LS def­
inition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy­
making role with regard to major company activities. The title "vice
president," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; di­
rectly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the definition.
Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR)
This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between
the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is
expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched
at LR—1 or LR— described below according to their level of responsibility.
2
Level of Responsibility 1 (LR—1)
Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most
of the following:
a. Answers telephones, greets
coming mail.

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100
but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or

personal

callers, and opens in­

b. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers.
reply to requests by sending a form letter.

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquar­
ters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or

May

c. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to ensure procedural and
typographical accuracy.
d. Maintains supervisor's
instructed.

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.,
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all,
over 5,000 persons; or




a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

calendar

and

makes appointments as

e. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.

30

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

Level of Responsibility 2 (LR—
2)

Stenographer, Senior

Performs duties described under LR—1 and, in addition performs
tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions
including or comparable to most of the following:

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up
and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

a. Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can
be handled by the supervisor's subordinates or other offices.

Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater in­
dependence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by
the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and
accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office pro­
cedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­
graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow­
up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; com­
posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming
mail; and answering routine questions, etc.

b. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of of­
fice procedures or collection of information from files or
other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or
supervisor's name.
c. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis
of general instructions.
d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s­
sembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST

e. Explains supervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
visor's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)

Prim ary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy/ May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

The following chart shows the level of the secretary for each LS
and LR combination.

L e v e l

o f

s e c r e t a r y 's

Level of secretary's responsibility

su p e r v is o r

TYPIST
LR—
2

LR—1
Class
Class
Class
Class

L S — 1.
L S — 2.
L S — 3.
L S —4 .

Class
Class
Class
Class

E
D
C
B

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and
distributing incoming mail.

D
C
B
A

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit
circumstances.

S T E N O G R A P H E R

P r im
th e

a r y

d ic ta tio n .

s te n o g ra p h ic
p r im a r y

d u ty

M a y
p o o l.

d u ty

is

is

to

ta k e

a ls o
M a y

ty p e

d ic ta tio n
fr o m

o c c a s io n a lly

tra n s c r ib in g

fro m

u s in g

sh o rth a n d ,

w r it t e n

co p y .

t r a n s c r ib e
r e c o r d in g s ,

an d

M a y

fr o m
se e

to

t r a n s c r ib e

o p e ra te

v o ic e

fr o m

re c o rd in g s

a
(if

T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e

T y p is t ).

N O T E :
s e c r e t a r y
o r

n o r m a lly

e x e c u tiv e

d e s c r ib e d

T h is

in

a n d
th e

jo b

is

w o rk s

in

d is tin g u is h e d
a

p e r fo r m s

s e c r e t a r y

c o n fid e n tia l
m o re

jo b

fr o m

th at

o f

r e la t io n s h ip

r e s p o n s ib le

an d

a

s e c r e t a r y

w ith

o n ly

o n e

d is c re tio n a ry

in

th at

Class B . Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.

a

m a n a g e r
ta s k s

as

d e fin itio n .

FILE CLERK
S te n o g ra p h e r,

D ic ta tio n
k e e p

s im p le

G e n e ra l

in v o lv e s

r e c o r d s ,




o r

a

n o r m a l

p e r fo r m

ro u tin e
o th e r

v o c a b u la r y .
r e la t iv e ly

M a y

ro u tin e

m a in ta in
c le r ic a l

Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing
system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

file s ,
ta s k s .

31

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

Class A . Classifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following-up
to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know
of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice
against original order.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May per­
form related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include
any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material
or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowl­
edge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing
selling skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.

Class C. Perform s routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested,
locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Positions
definitions:

MESSENGER
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

are

classified

into

levels

according to the following

Class A . Handles orders that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product or material from the establishment's product
lines will satisfy the customer's needs, or determining the price to be quoted
when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making
some simple mathematical calculations.
Class B . Handles orders involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual,
or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify
price of ordered item.
ACCOUNTING CLERK

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Perform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system.

Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX ) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's
time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or
lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Operator-Receptionist.

The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office
practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and re­
cording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the
worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a
knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.

Positions
definitions:

classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting trans­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
more class B accounting clerks.

ORDER CLERK
Receives written or verbal customers' purchase orders for material
or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves
some combination of the following duties; Quoting prices; determining availa­
bility of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising
expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer
information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and



are

Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting
clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets

32

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

MACHINE BILLER — Continued

where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated;
checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

Bookkeeping-machine b ille r. Oses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on customers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers' accounts (not in­
cluding a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost dis­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.
MACHINE BILLER
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:
Billing-machine b ille r. Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers'
purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

PAY R O LL CLERK
Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to
maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing
workers' time or production records; adjusting workers' records for changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll
listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings;
and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical
knowledge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the
computer system for processing payrolls.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or
numeric data on tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels
definitions:

on the basis of the following

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a variety of source
documents. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work.
May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or instructions, works from various stand­
ardized source documents which have been coded, and follows specified
procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no
selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to su­
pervisor problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing
information.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable programmers to prepare
required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and

participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends
equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE:
Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be
classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)




Does not include employees primarily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing employees,
or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering
problems.

C O M P U T E R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use require­
ments of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full
system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the
computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing
problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or
revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts
who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example,
develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with
persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system,
as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and
receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed
for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure
proper alignment with the overall system.
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses
as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop
and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills
required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level
systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by pro­
grammers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a
systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are re ­
quired to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagrams, the programmer develops the pre­
cise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded
language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work
involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capa­
bilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular sub­
ject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to
be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow
charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these
charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects



C O M P U T E R PR O G R AM M ER , BUSINESS— Continued
p r o g r a m s ;
ru n ;

c ie n c y

o r

v e lo p m e n t
y s is
th e

p r e p a r e s

a n a ly z e s ,

an d
s k ill

ad ap t
an d

to

D o e s
o r

an d

n e w

to

n ot

p r o g r a m m e r s

(N O T E :

s h o u ld

d e te rm in e

in c lu d e

s u p e rv is io n

fo r

o p e ra tin g

a lt e r s

b e

th e ir

p r im a r ily

to

c la s s ifie d

re c o r d s

p e rfo rm in g
a s

d u rin g

in c r e a s e

m a in ta in s

W o r k e r s

s y s te m s

p ro d u c tio n

o p e ra tin g
o f

b o th

e ffi­

p r o g r a m
s y s te m s

a n a ly s t s

if

d e ­
a n a l­

th is

is

p a y .)

e m p lo y e e s
o f

p e rs o n n e l

p r o g r a m s

re q u ire m e n ts ;

r e v is io n s .

p ro g ra m m in g
u se d

a g e m e n t
o r

in s t r u c t io n s

r e v ie w s ,

o th e r

p r im a r ily

e le c t r o n ic

c o n c e rn e d

w ith

r e s p o n s ib le
d a ta

fo r

p ro c e s s in g

s c ie n t ific

a n d / o r

th e

m a n ­

e m p lo y e e s ,
e n g in e e rin g

p r o b le m s .

For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:
Class A . .Works independently or under only general direction
on complex problems which require competence in all phases of pro­
gramming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts
which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to
be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the prob­
lem solving routine; plains the full range of programming actions needed
to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equip­
ment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse prod­
ucts from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and ex­
tensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be re­
used, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to
data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a
highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who
are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple programs, or on simple Segments of complex programs.
Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under
close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist
higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued
May guide or instruct lower level programmers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments
are designed to develop competence in the application of standard pro­
cedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects
of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance
with required procedures.
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to
process data according to operating instructions, usually prepared by a
programmer. Work includes most of the following: Studies instructions to
determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into
circuit, and starts and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to
correct operating problems and meet special conditions; reviews errors
made during operation and determines cause or refers problem to super­
visor or programmer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist
in correcting program.
For wage study purposes,

computer operators are classified as

follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a
computer running programs with most of the following characteristics: New
programs are frequently tested and introduced; scheduling requirements are
of critical importance to minimize downtime; the programs are of complex
design so that identification of error source often requires a working knowl­
edge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available.
May give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a
computer running programs with most of the following characteristics: Most
of the programs are established production runs, typically run on a regularly
recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs required; alter­
nate programs are provided in case original program needs major change
or cannot be corrected within a reasonably short time. In common error
situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually in­
volves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using standard
correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or
segments of programs with the characteristics described for class A. May
assist a higher level operator by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions and
with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is
expected to develop working knowledge of the computer equipment used and
ability to detect problems involved in running routine programs. Usually has
received some formal training in computer operation. May assist higher
level operator on complex programs.



DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work
is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering
determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of founda­
tions, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of
materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given
with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DR AFTER-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or penfcil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
Work is closely supervised during progress.
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.

Positions are
definitions:

classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by
reference to manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of
the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in per­
forming such tasks as malting circuit analyses, calculating wave forms,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test in­
struments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-m eters, deviation meters,
pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com­
plex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.

Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed in­
structions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such
tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is
not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to in­
crease competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance
to higher level technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed
review when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured.; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In
general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers,
circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other trans­
mission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other
specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or
equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools
and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the main­
tenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE PAINTER

M AINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distri­
bution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves
most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical



Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g p ain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p ain t in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cuttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t ien g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith sto c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith cou p lin gs and fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e rs ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk ers p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tru c tio n s and s p e c if ic a ­
tio n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's han d tools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g stan d a rd
m a c h in e to o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m a k in g stan d a rd
shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eed s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f han d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh ops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
d u ties in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e th e use o f such han d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m o to r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e rs '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s.




M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t- m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if ic a ­
tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sing a v a r ie t y o f h a n d too ls in cu ttin g, b en d in g, fo r m in g , shapin g,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w h en chan ges in the plant lay ou t a re
r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o rk ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f h andtools
and r ig g in g ; m ak in g s ta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tren g th
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g equ ip m en t
s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o ls , e q u ip m en t, *and p a rts to be used ; and in s ta llin g anc
m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as d r iv e s and
speed red u c e rs.
In g e n e r a l, the m i llw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten a n ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls
and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to
p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )

T O O L AND DIE M AK ER — Continued

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m ach in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en gin e la th e r , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P l annin g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , in s ta ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto c k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coo la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la t e d equ ip m en t; u sing
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - tr e a t in g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in c lu d e m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cuttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d erstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u ta tio n s;

F o r c ro s s -:in d u s try w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

D r iv e s
a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as:
M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o loa d o r unload tru c k
w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e ep tr u c k in
g ood w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

P e r f o r m s c le r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in c o n n e c tio n w ith shipping
good s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r fo r m in g d a y - t o - d a y , rou tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In hand ling unusual n o n rou tin e p r o b le m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c ific g u id ­
an ce f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o f f ic ia ls .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t iv it ie s o f o th e r w o r k e r s e n g a g ed in h a n d lin g good s to b e sh ip p ed o r b ein g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
ra te d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

S h ip p e rs t y p ic a lly a r e
r e s p o n s ib le f o r
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a te ly f i l l e d by c o m p a rin g ite m s and q u a n titie s
o f good s g a th e r e d f o r sh ip m en t a g a in s t d oc u m e n ts ; in s u rin g that sh ip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r ly p a c k a g e d , id e n tifie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo r m a tio n , and lo a d e d into
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s 0/ good s sh ip p ed , e .g . ,
m a n ife s t s , b ills o f la d in g .

t r u c k d r iv e r s

a r e c la s s ifie d

b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , u n d er (I V 2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , IV 2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a ile r




R e c e iv e r s t y p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g sh ip m en ts b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and
q u a n titie s u n load ed a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to r a g e

38

SH IPPE R AND R E C E IV E R — Continued

M A T E R IA L H AN D LIN G LA B O R E R — Continued

r e c e ip t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a ge d g o o d s ; in s u rin g that
good s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n tifie d f o r rou tin g to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r in g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f go o d s r e c e iv e d .

m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d erstan d in g o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n otin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b viou s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e iv e r and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s fr o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d ition to f illin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g
ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f ou tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d i­
tio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d
d u ties.
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g dependent
upon th e ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p ac k ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con tent; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sing e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n ta in e r ; and ap p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ak e w o od en b o x e s o r c r a te s a r e ex c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n loading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n packin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g




a r e c la s s ifie d by typ e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lif t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a to r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r ty f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e rs o n s f r o m h a za rd s
o r in t e r fe r e n c e .
D u ties in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m ak in g rounds on
fo o t o r by m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M ay be d e p u tize d
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s
and c u s to m e rs by a n s w e rin g
q u e s tio n s and g iv in g d ir e c tio n s .
G u ard s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o te c tiv e
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is occu p a tio n .

ser­

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , gu ard s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
G u ard A
E n fo r c e s
r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b re a c h e s o f s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s ju d g m e n t and u ses d is c r e t io n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r g e n c ie s and
s e c u r ity v io la t io n s e n c o u n te red .
D e te rm in e s w h e th e r f i r s t res p o n s e should
be to in te r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a sk in g f o r a s s is ta n c e w hen d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y and
tim e a llo w s ), to k e ep situ a tion under s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t s itu ation
so that it can be h andled by a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
D uties r e q u ir e s p e ­
c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o te c tin g s e c u r ity a r e a s .
C o m m o n ly , the gu ard is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te continuing p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o f ic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o th e r s p e c ia l w eap on s.
G u ard B
C a r r ie s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n te d to w a rd in s u r in g that
e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and r e p o r te d to
a p p ro p ria te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d ir e c t ly o n ly in situ ation s w h ich r e q u ir e
m in im a l a ctio n to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e m in im a l
tr a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , the gu ard is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s .
M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te
p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f f ir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w ea p on s.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c to r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h o u se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w ee p in g ,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; dusting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r
t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; and c le a n in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow
w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , a t no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lies la s t
f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a.— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m on t—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T ex.
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and
G
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ign — rb an a—R a n to u l, 111.
U
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h eyen n e, W y o.
C l a r k s v i l l e — o p k in s v ille , T enn.—K y.
H
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N . M ex.
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo r d —
S
K la m a th F a l l s — ra n ts P a s s —
G
R oseb u rg , O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R ile y —Jun ction C ity , K an s.
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W a y n e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e r stow n—
C h a m b e r s b u rg , M d .—P a .
G a d s d en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Is la n d r-H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L aredo, Tex.
L a w to n , O k la.
L e x in g to n r -F a y e tte , K y.
L im a , O hio
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n —P h a r r — d in b u rg and
E
B r owns v i l l e—Ha r lin g e n—
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th, and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la . —F la .
M on tana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ir e (s ta te w id e )
N e w Lon d on — o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N
N o r th D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C .
R en o, N ev.
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a rd in o —
O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a , K an s.
S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e rm a n — e n is o n , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D akota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th ern Idaho
S o u th w e s te rn V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e ,
C
H
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T a m p a -S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo — a ir f ie ld —N a p a , C a lif.
F
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U.S.
W a co and K ille e n — e m p le , T e x .
T
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Iow a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N. J.—Md.
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W a lla —P e n d le to n ,
W a sh .—O r e g .

A LS O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a ccou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
a n ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $1.35
a c o p y , f r o m an y o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s ' o f fic e s shown on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W a sh in gton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superin te n den t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g to n , D .C . 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O h io , D ec. 1976 1________________________________________
A lb a n y —S ch en ecta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e im —Santa An a—G a rd e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f. , O ct. 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977___________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
C anton, O h io , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
C h a tta n o og a , T en n .—G a ., S ept. 1976 __________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io—K y .—In d ., M a r . 1976________________________
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
C olu m b u s, O h io , O c t. 1 976______________________________________
C orp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , Ju ly 1 976_______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o r th , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 7 6 __________________________
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1976______
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 1976 ________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F la . , A u g . 1976 _______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif. , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is ., July 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m —H ig h P o in t ,
W
N .C . , A u g . 1976__________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille —S p a r ta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1976 1___________________
H a r t fo r d , C onn ., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76 _______________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t. 1976____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1 ____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D e c . 1976 1_________________________________
K an sas C ity , M o .—K a n s ., Sept. 1976 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , O c t. 1 9 76 _________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—In d ., N o v . 1976________________________________




B u lle tin s
the bac k
P rin tin g
surveys,

B ulletin number
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cen ts
1 900-59, 55 cen ts
1900 -6 7 ,
1 900-30,
1 900-52,
1900 -3 9 ,
1950-8,
1900 -5 3 ,
1900 -7 0 ,
1900 -2 8 ,
1900-57,
1 900-32,
1900-7,
1 900-62,
1900 -6 8 ,
1 900-41,
1 900-63,
1900 -2 5 ,
1900-78,
1900 -4 5 ,
1 900-73,
1950-13,
1900 -2 9 ,
1900 -5 4 ,
1900 -3 7 ,

75 cen ts
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 c en ts
85 cents
85 c en ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
$ 1 .0 5
75 cen ts
95 ce n ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cents
45 cen ts
85 cen ts
$1 .2 0
55 c en ts
45 cen ts
55 c en ts

1900 -4 7 ,
1900 -3 6 ,
1950-9,
1 900-26,
1950-4,
1900 -5 8 ,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900 -6 0 ,
1 900-77,
1900 -6 9 ,

65 cen ts
85 cen ts
80 cents
85 cen ts
$ 1 .4 0
75 ce n ts
$1.5 0
85 cents
$ 1 .0 5
85 cen ts
55 c en ts

Area
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1_____________________
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 _____________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1 9 77________________
N a s s a u —S u ff o lk, N . Y . , June 1976 _______________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 _________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1 976________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1976 1_________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H am p ton , V a —N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ___________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1976 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1976_______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t. 1 976__________________________________
P a t e r son—C l i ft o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 __________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 6 * ____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1976 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s to n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976________
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
M a s s . , June 1 9 76 _________________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1976_______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . - I l l . , M a r . 1977___________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
Sa gin a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1976_______________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1976 ____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ___________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1977 1____________________________
South B en d , Ind., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 976_______________________________________
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 1 976__________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 197.6________________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1977 1
______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 ________________________________ __________ —

B u lle t in n u m b e r
j
and ■ r i c e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1900-35,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1900-48,

85 cents
75 cents

1900-27,

85 cents

1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,

85
65
55
55
55

1900-31,
1900-34,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1900-79,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1950-12,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6.

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

$ 1.10
$1.60
85 cents
$ 1.60
$ 1.60
$ 1.05

$

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1.10

$ 1.50
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents
75 cents
65 cents

$ 1. 20
55
75
55
65
55
95
75

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

$ 1.20
55
55
55
55

cents
cents
cents
cents

$ 1.20
$ 1. 10
70 cents

$ 1.10

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A reaC o de617)

Suite 3400
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New York, N Y. 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
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Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
D istrict of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (A reaC o de312)

Second Floor
555 G riftin Square Building
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Phone: 749-3516 (A reaC o de214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (A reaC o de816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
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Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington