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-e T 3

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Westchester County, New York
May 1975
Bulletin 1 8 5 0 -5 3




document collection

JAN 2 1976
Dayton & Montgomery Co
Public Library

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a May 1975 survey of occupational earnings and
supplementary wage benefits in Westchester County, New York. The survey was made as
part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program.
The program
is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional
estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of ( 1 ) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and ( 2 ) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 82 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.)
In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyedThe second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from
individual metropolitan area dataThe Westchester County survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
New York, N .Y ., under the general direction of Alvin I. M argulis, Associate Assistant
Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without
the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the
statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation
for the cooperation received.

AREA W AGE SU R VEY

Bulletin 1850-53

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary

November 1975

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

W estchester County, New York, M ay 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction ____________________________________________________

.

2

T able s:
A-

B.

Earnings:
A -l.
Weekly earnings of office workers ________________________________________________________________________________________
A -2 .
Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers_________________________________________________________________
A -3 .
Average weekly earnings of office* professional, and technical workers, byse x ______________________________________
A -4 .
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w orkers_______________________________________________________________
A -5 .
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers___________________________________________________
A - 6.
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, andmaterialmovement workers, by se x _________
A -7 .
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupationalgroups, adjusted for employment shifts ..

3
5
6
7
8
9
10

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerk s______________________________________________________
B -2 .
Late shift pay provisions for full-tim e manufacturing plant w orkers__________________________________________________
B -3Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-tim e first-shift w o rk e rs______________________________________________________
B -4.
Annual paid holidays for full-time w orkers_______________________________________________________________________________
B -4a. Identification of major paid holidays for full-tim e w orkers_________________ ___________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e workers __________________________________________________________________________
B - 6.
Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-tim e workers ___________________________________________________________

11
12
13
14
15
18
19

Appendix A.
Appendix B.




Scope and method of su rvey________________________________________________________________________________________________
Occupational descriptions__________________________________________________________________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C . 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 80 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

21
25

Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
A -series tables
Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A - 6 a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.
Following the occupational wage tables is table A -7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled




maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.
B -series tables
The B -series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-sh ift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes.
Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey and information on the area's
industrial composition in manufacturing. It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage.
Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f
S

90

95

100

no

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

%
18b

____ in ___ 95

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

i
i

16
16

15
15

17
17

4
4

24
24

21
4

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

weekly
w
orkers

S
85

M
ean ^

(stan
dard

M
edian ^

M
iddle ranged

S

I

19
11

$

S

s

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

*

$

t

$

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

64

4
3
1

-

4
4

_
-

_

.

“$------- T
340
320

and
under

and
340

over

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ALL WORKERS

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

$

$

117
92

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

$
9 6 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

29 7
181
116

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

-

-

_
-

-

-

4

-

-

-

14
13
1

35
14
21

68
26
42

46
36
10

17
11

-

-

15
13
2

4l

-

23

6

26
16
10

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS b —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

542
210
332

3 6 .0
3 7 .5
3 5 .5

1 4 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

61
42
19

169
46
123

SI
14
37

26
15
11

38
16
22

90
1
89

_

1
1

-

64
46
18

_
-

-

25
13
12

_
-

-

17
16
1

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

60
45

3 6 .5
3 6 .0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

-

-

6
5

3
2

1
1

_

1
1

_

-

-

1
-

4

-

31
26

-

-

13
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

173
45
128

3 6 .0
3 5 .0
3 6 .0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

83
21
62

24
16
8

33
4
29

•
-

-

2
2
-

-

8
8

2
2
-

-

-

20
20

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------

147

3 9 .0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

-

-

-

9

32

49

20

19

4

6

2

4

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

231
188
43

36.1)
3 6 .0
3 5 .5

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

.
-

43
24
19

-

-

32
23
9

_

-

25
21
4

_

-

18
18
-

_
.

-

21
21
-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

34 8
231
117

3 6 .0 1 4 0 .0 0
3 6 . 5 13 6*00
3 5 .5 •148.00

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

-

-

_
-

64
51
13

54
31
23

_

_

-

40
24
16

•

-

49
27
22

«

-

43
42
1

-

-

-

-

MESSENGERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

93
69

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

_

3
3

10
10

13

24
15

26
25

6
4

SECRETARIES --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

2 ,5 6 7
1 ,7 5 0
81 7
55

3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0
3 6 .5

2 0 0 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0
2 1 3 .5 0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

.
-

-

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

-

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

18
3
15
2

23
17

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

272
164
108

3 6 .0
3 6 .0
3 6 .0

2 6 5 .5 0
2 7 9 .0 0
2 4 5 .0 0

2 6 4 .5 0
2 8 2 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0

2 2 5 .5 0 -2 9 9 .0 0
2 4 2 .0 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
2 1 2 .0 0 -2 7 2 .0 0

-

_
-

»

-

.
-

-

21
*2 1

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

645
479
166

3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

2 2 4 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0

2 2 7 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 4 9 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 5 2 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 4 1 .0 0

_
-

_

-

_
-

.
-

«
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------

85 9
64 4
215
29

3 6 .0
3 6 .0
3 6 .S
3 5 .5

1 9 2 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0
2 1 1 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0

1 7 4 .5 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

.
-

-

-

3
3

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

791
463
32 8

3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 5 .5

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

.

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

$

-

-

8

3

3
3

4

-

-

-

1
-

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

22
20
2

43
36
7

14
13
1

7
7
-

<
♦
3
1

1
1

1
1

20
14
6

40
34
6

13
4
9

11

2
-

6

11

2

_
ft

-

3
1

2
2

2
1

4

85
46
39

113

141
115
26

269
189
80
10

196
129
67
6

6b

49
17

2

42 8
301
127
24

88

-

300
189
111
1

no

-

270
191
79
1

22 3
155

-

271
164
107
5

-

27
22
5
-

-

2
2

-

6
6

-

4
4
-

13
6
7

31
14
17

22
9
13

48
19
29

37
24
13

41
29
12

22
16
6

25
20
5

-

14
12
2

3
2
1

17
11
6

49
31
18

42
23
19

46
34
12

90
64
26

155
118
37

134
100
34

70
63
7

22
18
4

1
1
-

2
2
-

1
1

7
2
5

8
5
3

66
52
14

102
75
27

75
65
10

91
71
20
1

138
120
18
1

274
193
81
24

75
49
26
3

13
9
4
-

3
1
2

3
2
1

17
3
14

78
44
34

89
49
40

72
61
11

146
78
68

146
95
51

86

103
29
74

33
30
3

17
13
4

1
1

68

45

68

57
29

4
4

-

22
4

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .




14 at $ 3 4 0 to $ 3 6 0 ; and 7 at $ 3 6 0 to

$380.

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

'

*

6

_

'

-

_

‘

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Number

O ccu p a tion and in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

s

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard'

s
85

Mean

^

Median *

Middle ranged

S
90

S
95

S

S

100

n o

$

120

$

$

130

140

IS O

1 ------- S
S
S
160
170
1 80
190

S

$

200

$
220

$
2 40

s

S
260

280

S
300

S
3 20

and
u n d er

3 40
and

no

90

95

100]

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

9
1
8

43
12
31

46
33
13

50
33
17

25
18
7

5
1
4

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

-

4
4

11
11

14
14

34
31
3

97
66
31

130
96
34

94
70
24

44
28
16

9
6
3

2
1
1

7
6
1

4
2
2

8
4
4

6
6

9

1

2

2

-

*

7

1

over

_

2 00

2 40

220

260

280

3 00

320

3 40

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------—

180
98
82

3 6 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0

$
1 4 9 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

$
$
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------- ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

439
327
112

3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 7 7 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 32
70
62

3 7 .0
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 73
64
1 09

3 6 .0
3 6 .0
3 6 .5

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

137
107
30

3 6 .0
3 6 .0
3 6 .5

1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

TYPISTS* CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

273
92
181

3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

$

See footnotes at end of tables.




*

-

*

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
10
7

17
4
13

18
15
3

17
8
9

16
12
4

4
3
1

57

63
34
29

1
1

35
34
1

16
13
3

19
13
6

23
13
10

40
11
29

10

4
3
1

7

1

7

1

•

2
9

•

.

-

1

-

-

-

-

*

-

1

30
17
13

•

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

.

2
2

2
2

*

-

38
15
23

80
26
54

6
.

-

3

9
5
4

li

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

•

-

"

-

-

-

-

1

15
15

3

6

-

•

1

57

20
13
7

-

4
4

-

•

-

-

77
21
56

7
3

*
•
-

•

-

-

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

1
1

.

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
-

3

-

-

-

Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
I

5

$

$

$

S

S

$

$

$

%
$
$
360
380
400

240

260

280

300

%
320

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

8
8

21
20

24
23

43
38

40
38

25
18

2
2

4
1

16
1

22
-

-

1
1

-

-

39
23
16

46
32
14

40
29
11

16
15
1

20
13
7

14
12
2

3
2
1

1
1
-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

6

14

28

1

1
8
7
1

22
22
”

28
23
5

34
21
13

14
8
6

4
4
“

3
3

24
21
3

25
17
8

4
1
3

3
3
*

3
3
-

.

•

2

2
2

16
12

11
11

12
12

3
3

5
5

20
18

19
18

9
7

S
>
7

150

160

120

130

140

150

160

170

"

*

*

3
1

-

.
-

-

Middle ranged

-

-

3
3

12
11
1

8
6
2

4

2

1

1

3

11

and
u n d er

340

l

^

$
220

140

-

Median

5
200

130

•

(standard

^

TS
190

120

100
Mean

5
180

110

110

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

$

o
co

S

Average
weekly

o
f-

Number
of

and
over

ALL WORKERS
209

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS

2 3 4 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0

$
$
1 9 9 .0 0 -2 4 9 .5 0

1 21 * 2 ?
i y * jo
16Q * t\f\
l u oo

1 7 2 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

297*50

72

2 9 9 .5 0
2 9 6 .0 0

2 7 5 .0 0 -3 1 5 .0 0

_
.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS#
1 13

3 7 .0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.

.
□£>•5 2 3 9 .0 0

‘-

•oo

-

-

-

‘

'

.
“

.

1
1

*

1
1
“

4
2
2

15
12
3

29
17
12

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

13
12

16
10

*66
63

6
5

-

2
2

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
3 9 1 .0 0
3 9 5 .0 0

^nT *00
0 * aa

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
3 0 6 .0 0

5

2 8 6 .5 0 -3 3 8 .0 0

-

3 1 '>*50

38*0

3 7 *0

_

3
3

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 8 .5 0

“

10
10

6
3

15
8

4
1

4
-

6
1

-

-

-

-

8
1

8
4

3
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

9
6

8
5

7
5

9
4

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

266
NURSES,

*

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

—

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s :

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




36

3 8 . S 2 1 6 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 1 9 8 .5 0 -2 4 0 .0 0
2 30 • 0 0 2 0 2 . 0 0 - 2 5 0 . 5 0

*

*

*

*

-

_

-

-

*

*

2
-

-

29
2

30
3

8
8

10
10

26
26

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 7 5 .0 0

_
*

1 8 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

6

8

4

9

4

19

17

19

38

162

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

-

5
5

9
8

7
4

5
5

5
s

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

20 at $ 400 to $ 42 0 ; 20 at $ 420 to $ 4 4 0 ; 11 at $ 4 40 t o $ 4 6 0 ; 7 at $ 460 to $ 4 8 0 ; 6 at $ 4 80 to $ 5 00 ; and 2 at $ 500 to $ 520.

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1975
Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean4 )

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u .t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS CLERKS,

of
wockcrs

Weaklv
hour* *
(standard)

Weakly
earnings 1
(standard)

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

MEN

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

32

3 5 .0

$
1 8 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES -

32
44

3 6 .0
3 6 .5

272

3 6 .0

108

1 5 0 .5 0

3 6 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
SECRETARIES*

$
2 6 5 .5 0
2 7 9 .0 0
2 4 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .j 0

2 2 6 .0 0

CLASS 6

W rA
1

438
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

2 1 5 .0 0

WOMEN

21 2
128
84

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

^p

p

3 6 .0
L L l K l\ b ♦

r I Ll f
_

LLAj j

v
1 T7
U -f

ppr'vpr-.

IJJ

^

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*

328
,

p. , p p p

^ r. t r. r

^98

, p,

2 9 6 .0 0
76

36 5 1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0
3 6 .0 1 4 4 .5 0
, __

134 (
1 3 0 .5 0

37 0
3 7 . 5 1 7 1 .5 0
3 6 .0 1 7 7 .5 0

36 0 1 1 1 .0 0
3 6 .0 1 1 1 .5 0
-.p

36 0 160 " 0
3 6 . 5 1 6 9 .0 0
3 5 . 5 1 6 7 .5 0

1) *

1 7 3 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0
149 50
1 3 6 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

3 6 .0
3 6 .5

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*

^03
213
771

113
ae

Weakly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
2 2 2 .0 0

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ------------ • ----------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS Bt

Weakly
boars 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING, CLASS At

Number
of
workers

125

_ _

3 7 .0

I^IL o J f

vL

D

1 4 5 .5 0

3 6 .0

uUj

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

6i
? 1
ft f
c.1 A « o o

KL T rU N L H

U r t K A 1U K o i

U LA ou

1 5 5 .5 0

^

178
43

^Jp * p
J 5 .- >

341

3 6 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

» p p , .. _ _ _

271

ELECTRONIC.!? TECHNICIANS
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
1 Tr 1 u 1 J s

, .
*
*

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

-----------------------------------

1 *01^
54

3 6 *0

3 6 .5

1 2 3 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0
2 0 5 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0
2 1 3 .5 0

vL AJ j

U

80
1^1

3 7 .0
3 6 .0

59

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 4 .^ 0
D U b lo ltb b ?

NURSES,

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




sa.

1U 8*00

V n

136 00
1 4 8 .0 0
,,p p p p .,p pp p

1 on

rtJ
, T pp

E a r n in g s da ta in ta b le A - 3 r e la t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o se s e x
id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t . E a rn in g s data in
t a b le s A - l and A - 2 , on the o t h e r hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)

vL A3 j

J J

A

INDUSTRIAL

1 8 0 .5 0

(REGISTERED)

-------

33

«.

3 8 .5

2 1 5 .5 0

r -o o

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings

Median 2

Middle range 2

ALL WORKERS

e l e c t r ic ia n s .

MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

$
5 .9 0
5 .9 0

$
$
5 . 1 0 - 6 .0 1
5 . 2 1 - 5 .9 0

130
118

6 .1 6
6 .1 5

5 .9 1
5 .7 8

5 .4 9 5 .5 2 -

7 .4 2
7 .4 2

-

75

6 .1 8

6 .0 7

5 . 2 9 - 6 .9 1

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------------------

5 .3 9

5 .4 9

6 .5 5
6 .3 7
6 .6 0
6 .6 4

6 .8 5
5 .5 2
6 .8 5
6 .8 5

6 . 1 1 - 7 .2 5
5 . 2 0 - 7 .2 5
6 . 1 1 - 6 .8 5
6 . 1 1 - 7 .0 2

1 74
169

5 .4 4
5 .4 3

5 .3 9
5 .3 9

5 . 3 3 - 5 .3 9
5 . 3 3 - 5 .3 9

* W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




I
T ---------1-----7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

1

*

*

7

6
6

3
3

“

1
*

*

-

21
21

3
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

3
-

-

-

27
27

2
-

10
10

20
20

6
6

4
-

21
21

l

-

-

1

24

-

-

1

4

1

2

3

12
12

25
25

7

-

1
1

29

-

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

3

-

2

5 . 3 5 - 5 .4 9
5 . 3 5 - 5 .4 9

137
28
109
102

5------- $
T ------- ~ i --------1 ------- t
6 .0 0 , 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0

11

$
5 .9 0
5 .9 7

58
57

S
$
5 .6 0 5 .8 0

5 .0 0

4 .7 0

*

55
41

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------------

S
5 .5 0

4 . 90

4 .6 0

*

4 .5 0

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

T -------- i --------"5--------1 -------- S
S
4 . 80 4 .9 0 5 .0 0 5 . 1 0 5 .2 0 5 .3 0 5 .4 0
$

and
u n d er
*

M ean 2

C
D

of

O

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

1 -------- %
i —
i
4 . 4 0 4 . 5 0 4 .6 0 4 .7 0

-

-

-

2
2
*
7
6

2 at $ 8 .6 0 to $ 8 .8 0 ; and 2 at $ 9 to $ 9 -2 0 .

-

2

2

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

2
2

_

2
-

-

-

“

2
2

-

-

_

*

3
3
*

12
12
*

6
6

1

5 .5 0

-

-

1

-

-

-

“

-

1
1

115
115

-

*

18
18

-

*

-

1

21
21

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

32
32

3

-

-

16

7

2

5

3

4

1

39

1

4
3

1
1

39
36

1

10
9
1
i

24
24

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

-

_

29
29

_

-

7*60

over

2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings3

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

3 ------- s —
“5------- s —
*
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

S

4 .0 0

~j —
T -------- i
~5-------- t
4 .2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0
5 .0 0
o

of
workers

C
O

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n

T -------- 1 ------- T ------ 1 ------- S
2 .0 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0

S
5 .2 0

*
5 .4 0

*
5 .6 0

%

5 .8 0

5
6 .0 0

T -----s
6 . 4 0 6 .8 0

6 .8 0

and
u n d er

pH

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 ,2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .* .0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

Q
O

6 .8 0

303
303

243
243

115
6
1 09

91
91

19
19

146
146

30
2
28

10
-

23
13
10

4
1
3

12
1
11

2
2
-

55
55
-

18
10
«

9
9
-

8
8
-

13
13
-

5
5
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

17
17
-

_
-

-

10

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

1

1

2

4

10

9

8

13

5

3

3

17

-

-

572
25
547

228
228

274
10
264

143
2
141

389
16
373

69
14
55

40
4
36

32
7
25

177
175
2

36
10
26

21
6
15

75
16
59

2

3
2
1

6

.
-

-

1
1

7
7
-

19
18
1

1
1
“

6
6

65
65
-

2
2
“

36
36
-

20
3

14
13

11
-

13
12

12
12

34
33

12
12

14

-

3

13

-

1

6

1

-

-

1

16

2

-

6

-

-

-

-

9
3

■
O

2 ,2 Q

over

ALL WORKERS
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN----------------------------—
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------—
GUARDS 1
MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- —

1 .1 2 9
148
9 81

$
2 .8 0
4 .7 7
2 .5 0

$
2 .4 5
4 .5 4
2 .3 0

$
$
2 . 1 0 - 3 .0 0
4 . 5 4 - 5 .3 0
2 .1 0 - 2 .7 5

85

5 .0 5

5 .1 6

4 .7 5 -

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 .1 8 6

2 .9 4
3 .8 5
2 .7 7

2 .7 5
3 .9 1
2 .6 5

2 .3 5 - 3 .1 2
3 .5 3 - 3 .9 3
2 . 3 5 - 3 .0 0

72
17
55

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

294

4 .5 3
4 .0 5
6 .4 4

4 . 0 5 - 6 .4 4
3 .4 7 - 4 .5 3
6 . 4 4 - 6 .4 8

-

102

4 .6 8
4 .0 0
5 .9 6

ORDER FILLERS --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ------------------ --------

355
288

4 .4 9
4 .8 5

4 .5 5
4 .8 8

3 .3 7 4 .0 3 -

5 .1 5
5 .3 7

-

PACKERS,

2**

2 .7 1

2 .4 0

2 .4 0 -

3 .0 0

37

4 .9 9

4 .3 2

4 .2 1 -

5 .6 3

-------------

49

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

4 .4 8 -

4 .8 4

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

525
341

5 .3 7
5 .9 0

5 .3 5
6 .2 7

3 .5 3 5 .2 5 -

6 .6 2
6 .6 6

SHIPPING ------------------------------------

RECEIVING CLERKS

-------------------------------------------------

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY

3*5

1 .8 4 1

192

5 .7 4

6

35
32
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

*

34
“

*

-

36
36

-

58

95

20

8

24

-

-

-

-

-

1

(L
-

t
o
t
o

_
-

*

_

-

*

-

-

3
3

4
4

5
5

-

1
1

127
5

.

_

-

8

-

22
22

_

79

-

2
1
1

11

-

-

16
16

42
42

28
28

13
12

1
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

i

-

1

2

1

1

2

8

2

29

-

-

-

1

3

9
1

4

1

13

_

-

6

-

8

_

_

8

39
39

-

2

-

-

-

-

79

-

-

-

69
69

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
3

11

J

n

3

67

132
1 32

17

4

100
98

~

72

24

~

29

95

18
18

?
-

-

14

34

8

-

40

-

-

(OVER A TONS.
G .0 0

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- — -----------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------WAREHOUSEMEN-------------------------------- -- ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----------------------------- --

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




209
68
217
169
48
2 80
110

4 .7 9
6 .1 2
4 .9 1
4 .6 4
5 .8 9
3 .5 0
4 .7 3

3 .5 3
6 .4 4
4 .6 6
4 .6 6
6 .5 3
2 .7 5
4 .9 5

3 .5 3 - 6 .2 5
5 .2 5 - 6 .6 2

-

4 .2 3 4 .2 1 5 .6 6 -

-

6 .0 4
4 .7 3
6 .5 9

2 .6 0 - 4 .9 5
4 . 9 5 - 5 .6 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

120

-

4

-

-

-

_

“

-

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

18
16
2

-

6

2

-

4
2

1
1

2
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

.

-

“

“

17

1 39
10

8
8

-

8
8

“

-

23
4

3
3

-

2

•

-

-

-

-

46
46

-

*

1

1
-

1
1

52
52

-

2

1
6

1
-

-

J8

28

_
45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1975
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

. ,-rr-r^s-

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
~

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

4
*
^

...

*

«*

UKUt'' r 1 LLtH j

■
^ ?3

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY ---------------------------

75
58
57

6 .1 6
_

216

,

5 39

3?
49

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
137
28
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------

6 .5 5
6 .3 7

102

6 .6 A

i KUCKUK IVLKb

—

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS*

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS.

5*43

NONMANUEACTURING --------- --— - — --------

66

6 .1 2

CUSTODIAL ANO MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
5*89
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------

1 .1 1 6
146

2 .7 9
2 .5 0

GUARDSI
J ,0 ‘'
JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----NONMANUFACTURING —

—

—

— — —

1*726

3 .0 3

1 .4 0 7

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

2 .8 4

JANITORS. PORTERS.

AND CLEANERS ------

See fo o t n o t e s at end of t a b le s .

E a r n in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x
id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
E a r n in g s data in
ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o th e r h a n d, r e la t e t o a l l w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)

460

2 .6 0




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts
NOTE:
D ata f o r ta b le A - 7 a re not a v a ila b le f o r W e s t c h e s t e r
C ou n ty s in c e t h is is the f i r s t y e a r a s u r v e y o f c o m p a r a b le s c o p e w as
co n d u c t e d in the a r e a .
R e f e r e n c e t o ta b le A - 7 in the sta n d a rd tex t o f the b u lle tin d o e s
n ot a pply t o th is a r e a .

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1975
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa ctu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

AU
in d u s t r ie s

B a sed on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s
A ll
sch ed ­
u le s

36%

40

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

35

37 y 2

XXX

35

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

4

14

5

7

96

27

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g a s p e c i f ie d m in i m u m ____ __ __

29

15

4

4

$ 8 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 ____________ ___________ _____
$ 8 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 ______________________ _______
$ 8 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0
r,. _
$ 8 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 0 .0 0 _______________________
$ 9 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0
_
_ ________ .
$ 9 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 5 .0 0
_
_ __
_
$ 9 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 ..... .. .. .
„ r,
..... .
$ 9 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ____
__ __________________
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 02 .50
_ .... _.r. n
_
r
$ 1 0 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 105 .00
$ 1 0 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 07 .50
.... .
$ 1 0 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 1 10 .00 „ , ,, , ,
, ...........
S 1 1 0 .0 0 and u n d pr $ 1 1 ? . SO ..............
$ 112. 50 and u n d e r $ 11 5 .0 0
$ 11 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 1 7 . 5 0 _
$ 1 1 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 1 20 .00 __________
$ 1 2 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 1 22 .50
r _ . , ___ _
T
_
$ 1 2 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 1 25 .00
___
$ 1 2 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 27 .50
„
$ 1 2 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 1 30 .00 _________ ____
$ 1 3 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 32 .50 __________________________
$ 1 3 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 135 .00
$ 1 3 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 3 7 .50 _________________________
$ 1 3 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 1 4 0 .00 ____________
$ 1 4 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 4 2 .50 ___ ____
$ 1 4 2 .5 0 and o v e r
^
..
„r

_
1
_
_
1
_
3
_
1
1
4
_
8
_
3
1
2
2
_
1
1

.
_
_
_
1
_
2
_
1
_
1
_
5
_
2
1
1
_
_
_
_
1

.
_
_
_
_
r _
_
i
_
i
_
_
_
i
_
_
i
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
i
_
_
_
_
_
_
3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

E s ta b lis h m e n t s ha vin g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ^ .______

21

-

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id n ot e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y „
... ..
........ ..... ........ ............

46

12




M a n u fa ctu rin g
A ll
in dus trie s

o f—

E s ta b lis h m e n t s s t u d i e d __ „ _____ __________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

_
_
_
_
_
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
1
_
_

_

_
1
_
_

_

_
_
1
_
_
1
3
_

3

_
1

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
1

_

_
1
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

1
2

_
_

3
_

_

_

_

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

35

96

27

XXX

43

21

6

1
_
2
_
4
2
2
1
3
1
1
i
4
1
8
2
2
3
1

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

_
1

_
2
1
1

40

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

35

37 */2

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

XXX

4

6

22

7

9

5

36%

1

_

1
_

1
1
.

1
1

2

1

2
i
i
i
3

1

1

5
1
2
2
1

3

2

i

1
_

1
_
2
_

-

2
_
_
_
1
-

1
-

-

1
1

1

-

-

XXX

XXX

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

33

6

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

20

-

XXX

XXX

1
2
1
3
1

1

1
1
1
3
1

1

1

i

_

_

1

1

1
_
_
_
_
_
_
1

_
_
_

1
1
1
1

1

2

1

1
1

40

1

2

2

2

1

1
-

-

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

XXX

_




Table B-2. Late shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing plant
workers in Westchester County, N.Y., May 1975
( A l l f u l l- t im e m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t )
W o r k e r s on la t e s h ift s

A ll w o rk e rs 7
Item
S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

S econ d sh ift

T h ir d s h ift

6.5

2 .5

P ercen t o f w o rk e r s

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith la te sh ift p r o v i s i o n s ___
W ith no p a y d iff e r e n t ia l f o r la t e sh ift w o r k ____
W ith p a y d iff e r e n t ia l f o r la t e shift w o r k _______
U n ifo r m c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d i f f e r e n t i a l ________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________
O th e r d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________________

64.1
_

55.5
_

_

_

64.1
2 9 .8
32.4
1.9

5 5.5
21.2
32.4
1.9

6.5
5 .8
.7

2 .5
2 .5

-

-

9 .9
8 .4

17.3
11.9

12-5
10.0

16.2
-

1.5
.5
3-7
( 8)
-

1.0
.4
1.2
-

-

A v e r a g e p a y d iff e r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l _________ ____ _______
P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y ty p e and
am ount o f p a y d iff e r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
5 cen t s
________________ ________________________
7 c e n t s __
10 cen t s __________________________________________
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
15 c e n t s ____________________________ _____________
1 8Va c e n t s _______________________________________
20 c e n t s __________________________________________
3 7 7 j c e n t s _______________________________________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t :
5 p e r c e n t _________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
12 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
1 2 V2 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
15 p e r c e n t
_____________________________________
O th er d iff e r e n t ia l

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

8 .6
6.8
2 .4
11.4
.5
10.1
2 2 .3
-

1.9

-

6 .8
2 .4
1 1.4
.5

18.2
1.0
3 .0
10.3
1 .9

-

-

.7
-

-

-

-

-

*

O ffice w o rk e rs

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

55

92

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y s c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s

A l l f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s __________________________________ _____

100
2
i
3
1
i
<’ )
8

_________________________________________

(9)
4

4
79
2

9
86

39.3

39 h o u r s — 5 d a y s _______

39.7

(’ )
58

(’ )
1

13
1
1
12
2

18

100

13

15

8

4 0 .0

36.2

3 6.3

35.4

2
6
3

A v e r a g e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s

S e e fo o t n o t e at en d o f t a b l e s .




O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

P ercen t o f w ork ers

A ll fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s n ot p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s _ .... _____
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
pa id h o lid a y s

100

....

100

3

-

-

-

-

97

100

100

99

100

100

10.2

10.6

11.2

11.1

u .6

11.0

(9 )

A v e r a g e n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
F o r w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p r o v id in g h o lid a y s
P e rce n t o f w o rk e r s by num ber
o f p a id h o lid a y s p r o v id e d 1
0
6 h o l id a y s _________ ______________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s __________________________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________________ ______
8 h o l id a y s __________________________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________________________
9 h o l id a y s __________________________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s __________________ ___ ____
10 h o lid a y s
___ _____ ___
_ _
_________ _
_____
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________________________
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________________________
11 h o lid a y s _________________________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s _________________________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________________________
13 h o lid a y s _________________________________________________________
14 h o lid a y s _________________________________________________________
15 h o lid a y s _____________ ____ _______________________________________

5
6
1
5
5
1
8
4
(9)
14
6
1
18
17
_
2
4
1

4
_
n
11
2
9
(9)
17
13
1
15
16
-

_
10
2

_
_
1
_
17
_
_
_
_
36
39
8
_
-

1
1
(9)
3
2
2
5
(9 )
3
14
1
(9)
42
9
(9)
5
(9 )
11

1
2
5
3
2
(9 )
5
9
1
1
34
15

_
_

1
22

_
_
■ 1
2

_
_
1

92
4

-

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y to t a l pa id
h o lid a y tim e p r o v id e d 1
1
6 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------- --------- ----------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 days o r m o re —
--------------- ------------------------------------------ 8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------------9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ______ ___________________________________________
IOV2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________ ____________
12 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________________________
13 d a y s o r m o r e
14 d a y s o r m o r e
__ _
_
15 d a y s ____________________ ____ ______ _________________ ____________




97
91
86
80
75
66
63
48
43
24
7
5
1

100
96
96
96
85
83
74
56
43
28
12
12
2

100
100
100
99
99
82
82
82
82
47
8

99
98
98
95
92
86
85
69
68
26
17
11
11

100
99
99
97
92
87
87
73
72
38
22
22
22

100
100
100
99
99
97
97
96
96
4

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I t e m 10
A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

100

100

100

100
13
82
64
11
1
96
100
100
12
4
17
24
100
70
52
26
100
10
23
4
4
1
3
11

100
76
100
21
8
100
8
100
100
76
97
68
100
2
100
-

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

P ercen t of w ork ers

A l l f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ______________________________________
N ew Y e a r 's D a y _________________________________________________
L in c o ln ’ s B i r t h d a y _____________________________________
W a s h in g t o n 's B i r t h d a y __________________________ . __________ _____
E v a c u a t io n D a y ___________________________________ . ____________
G o o d F r id a y _
G o o d F r id a y , h a lf d a y ____________________________ ________________
......................... ,
......... ~
E a s t e r Sunday
.
F i r s t f o u r F r i d a y s in M a y __ _____ __ __ _ ...___ _
M e m o r ia l D ay
F a t h e r 's D a y ____________________________________ __________________
F o u r t h o f J u ly
_ .. _
L a b o r D a y ________________________________________________
_ __ .
__
...
Y o m K ip p u r _____. ____ ____ _ ___________ ____ . ,
C o lu m b u s D ay
,
. . _ ....
_
. _
___
V e t e r a n s D a y ____ __ ___ ____ .
___________________ _______ ____ ___
E le c tio n D ay
. ..
.
__
. . .
. . .
- —
T h a n k s g iv in g D a y ___________
D a y a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g __________________________________________
____
_ __ ________
C h r is t m a s E v e
__ _____ _____ __ __
C h r is t m a s E v e , h a lf d a y __ ___ __ __ _____
_ . ____ __
C h r is t m a s D a y ____________________________________________________
C h r is t m a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d 12 ________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e ___________________________________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf d a y ___________ _____ ___ __ _ __
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 1 d a y 13_____________ ____________ __ _____ _____
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 2 d a y s 13 _ __
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 5 d a y s 13___________ ——__ _____________ ____ __
_
E m p lo y e e 's b ir t h d a y .____ _ ____________________ ________________
E m p lo y e e 's a n n iv e r s a r y __ _ __ __ __ __ _____ __ __
P e r s o n a l d a y , 1 d a y ______ . .
_ _____
.
.
____
_
P e r s o n a l d a y , 3 d a y s _____________________________________________
L a s t d a y o f c o n t r a c t ___ _______ __________ ______ _________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




100
95
23
81
4
36
5
2
( 9)
94
1
96
96
7
25
29
29
96
34
23
12
96
4
10
3
6
6
2
19
9
9
1
1

-

-

-

1
-

35
7
8

99
23
83
43
3
10
97
99
99
4
37
38
23
99
51
13
6
99
1
4
5
15
13
11
3
(’ )
4
6

100

100

100
3
76
67
5
20
99
100
100
6
19
10
9
100
71
24
10
100
1
9
9
24
20
19
-

100
46
100
3
100
100
100
46
97
45
100
(’ )
100
_
_
-

4
51

O ffice w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

100

100

100

100

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

P ercen t o f w o rk e r s
A l l fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s -------------------------------- ------------------------In e s t a b lis h m e n t s n ot p r o v id in g
pa id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f-t i m e p a y m e n t ----------- --------------------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t ---------------- ------------------- --------- —------ --------

.
100
95
5

100
89
11

100
100

26
25
( 9)
1

70
5

n
99
99

100

100

_

_

100
100

100
100

65
7
20

98
"
*

A m ount o f p a id v a c a t io n a ft e r : 14
6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ______________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d ju n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------—

13
36
5
1
( 9)

1 y ear o f s e r v ice :
U nder 1 w e e k
---------- -------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -------------- -------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
51
4
43
(’ )
1
n

2 y e a rs o f se r v ice :
U n der 1 w e e k ______________________________________________
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------- ------ ---------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------- ------------ ---------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________ ______ ________

i
14
4
76
3
2
1
n

3 y e a rs o f se r v ice :
U n der 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ----------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------- -------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---- -- ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------- --------- ----------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________________

i
10
4
75
5
4
1
n

4 y e a rs o f se r v ice :
U n der 1 w e e k ----------- ----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------- ------ -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________
_____________
4 w e e k s ---------------- ----- ------ ------------------------------------------- --------

i
9
4
75
5
3
2
( 9)




2

_

(9)
75
4
11
'
“
7
( 9)
82
10

76
23
1

23
~
71
2
4

“
22
9
69
-

“
"
94
2

-

-

10
69
"
“
20

3

6

-

86
( 9)
-

74
“

1
“
99
"
~

100
“

4

1

18
9
63
10
1

"
94
2
4

-

18
9
62
11
-

94
2
-

-

4

1

-

10

20

3
“
81
1
5
~
10

5
“
73
1
( 9)

"
-

2
80
1
6

( 9)
10

20

5
73
1
( 9)
“
20

100
■

_
-

100
-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

Ite m
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A m ou n t o f p a id v a c a t io n a ft e r 14— C o n tin u ed
5 y ea rs o f s e r v ice :
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------- ------------------ -O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------- ----------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5
1
44
6
43
2
(9)

a
33
11
45
1

51
2
43
4
-

2
27
( 9)
60
( 9)
10

5
12
63
20

95
5
-

10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________________
2 w e e k s __ ________________ _________________________ __ _
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------ ---------------------------- 4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________

5
1
10
1
67
8
10

11
11
59
10
10

85
14
1

2
2
63
2
31

5
1
39
1
53

1
98
1

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k _______________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________ _____ _______
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------- ------- -------_ __________
_______ ______ __ _____ ___
4 w eeks.

5
1
9
1
64
12
10

11
11
50
19
10

85
14
1

2
2
63
2
31

5
1
39
1
53

-

5
4
i
45
6
38
1

11
41
9
39
-

51
42
6
1

2
1
29
1
66
_

5
1
15
80
_

93
_
6
_

-

-

-

-

2
1
7

5
_
4

_
1
_

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________ _____________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________ ______
3 w eeks
____________________________________________ _____
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________
4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________________
5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________ __________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________________
5 w e e k s ------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s ______________________ _____ ___
25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ___ ____ _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ______________________ _________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s ___ ___________________________




(’ >
5
4
i
22
4
51
(’ )
13
1

5
4
1
22
4
27
( 9)
37
1

11
17
9
36
-

28
-

-

93
2
1
4

1
_

_

_

99

_

16
-

28
-

_

17
9
21

-

7

4

-

2
94
4

43
“

_

63

_

-

-

-

2
1

-

1
98
1

-

-

-

-

73

-

11

'

-

47
1
42

5

-

37

_
-

_
•1

_
_
1

_

54
"

97

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

A m ount o f p a id v a c a t io n a ft e r 14— C on tin u ed
30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k __________________________________
_ _
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________________
3 w e e k s --------- --------------------- ------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________ __________________________
O v er 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________________
5 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s ________________________________
6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------- ------ ----------------------------------

5
4
1
22
4
26
n
32
1
6

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le :
1 w e e k ______________________________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------- ------ ---------- -----------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------- ------ ----------------- ---------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________ _________________________ .
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ..........................................................
5 w e e k s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s ________________________________
6 w e e k s _____________________________________________ ___ —

5
4
1
22
4
26
n
32
1
6

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




a

-

-

17
9
21
29
13

-

2
94
4

2
1
7
47
1
39
4

2
1
7
"
47
39
4

5
"
4
~
37
47
7

i
i
97

5
~
4
37
47
7
'A

11
17
9
21
29
-

13

2
94
4

1
"
1
97
-

O ffi c e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

P ercen t of w ork ers

A l l f u l l- t im e w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g at le a s t one
o f the b e n e fit s sh ow n b e lo w 15_________________________________

99

100

100

98

97

100

L ife i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s

_____________________

96
86

100
95

100
65

95
72

96
67

100
96

A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e _____________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _________ _ _
______

71
64

73
68

99
64

63
41

47
13

99
95

S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r s i c k
le a v e o r b oth 16
. . . . . _______ _______

. ..

89

99

85

94

96

99

S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e ___
______________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s
_
_ _____ _
S ic k le a v e (f u ll p a y and n o w a itin g p e r i o d ) ________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r w a itin g p e r i o d ) __________
___

55
50
63
4

64
62
66

84
49
42
8

59
59
69
7

47
46
84
-

97
93
47
51

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i li t y in s u r a n c e _________________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s

23
20

30
30

_
-

60
48

71
62

1
1

H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e ____
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s

__________________________________

93
86

100
98

100
65

97
73

97
63

100
95

S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ___ ________________
_______________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ________________________________________

93
86

100
98

100
65

97
73

97
63

100
95

M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e __________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r v p la n s .

____________________________
.....
_____ .....

93
86

100
98

100
65

97
73

97
63

100
95

M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ________________________________________

71
60

64
49

93
58

94
64

91
47

100
95

D en ta l i n s u r a n c e ______ ________________________ ___________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ________________________________________

31
26

29
29

41
6

26
19

38
27

7
1

R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n _______________________________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s

82
80

99
99

85
85

93
88

95
93

99
99

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
10 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
11 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
12 A Christmas—
New Year holiday period is an unbroken series of holidays which includes Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Y ea r's
Eve, and New Y ear's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
13 "Floating" holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
14 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an
equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
15 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
18 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e fit s da ta a re o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is i t s o f B u r e a u fi e ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in te r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S uch s h ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in ta b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

In e a c h o f th e 7 9 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a re o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t il it i e s ; w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ff ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a re p r o v id e d f o r
e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d iff e r
in p a y le v e l and j o b s t a ffin g , and thus c o n t r ib u t e d iff e r e n t ly t o th e e s t im a t e s fo r e a ch jo b .
P ay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il t o r e f le c t a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d iff e r e n t ia l a m on g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a sa m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d
s t r a t i fic a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a su r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m t h is s t r a t i fie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y sa m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o ob tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e th a n s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c t e d . W hen data a re c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
i s w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b il it y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b ia se d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F or
e x a m p le , i f o n e out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it is g iv en a w eig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e lf
p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . An a lt e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch o s e n in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f d a ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r . If n o s u ita b le su b stitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t i s a s s ig n e d t o a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m il a r t o th e m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3 )
m a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4 ) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a cco u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b . O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d fo r study a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p en d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s a re fo r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r som e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ithin
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n
i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . S e p a r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w hen th e
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n t if ie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m en o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an
o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta n o t sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly fo r in d u str y d iv is io n s a re in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e sh o w n .
L ik e w i s e , da ta a re in c lu d e d in the o v e r a ll c l a s s i f ic a t i o n w hen a s u b ­
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n o r in fo r m a t io n t o
s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a re show n f o r fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d
t o w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a r n in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a re e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s fo r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l
o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e i v e r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a re rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g es in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,
N .Y .—P a.; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington-Fayette, K y .; Melbourne-TitusvilleCocoa, F la .; Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. -N .C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C.; Syracuse, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70
areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh ou ld not b e a s s u m e d to
r e f le c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y co n tr ib u te
t o d i ff e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ithin e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e ra te s p a id in cu m b e n ts
a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n s .
Job
d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than t h o s e u se d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f ic
d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin the s c o p e
o f th e study and not th e n u m b e r a ct u a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e sa m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d , T h e s e d i ff e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a ffe c t m a t e r ia ll y th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s da ta .
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
The
Annual ra tes
span b e tw e e n
in c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in t a b le A - 7 r e la t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a t e d d a tes.
o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e sh ow n , r e f l e c t th e a m ount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m on th s w hen th e t im e
s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n th s . A n nual r a t e s a r e b a s e d on the a ssu m p tion that w a g e s
a c o n s ta n t r a te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o co m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffi c e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s e s A and B
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y ro ll
K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e r s, g e n e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A and B

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— C on tin u ed
C o m p u t e r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ):

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):

C arp en ters
E le ctricia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

C o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a ndling

U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d as fo l lo w s :
1. E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in the s e le c t e d
g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s in th e b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n )
e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t. T h e p r o d u c t s a re t o t a le d t o ob ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s co m p u t e d b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e
f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt s — e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100
is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s f o r f u l l- t im e pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
’’ P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff ic e fu n c t io n s .
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a re e x c lu d e d f r o m m a n u fa c t u r in g , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
" O ffi c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r
r e la t e d fu n c t io n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t im e e m p l o y e e s a re e x c lu d e d .
P a r t -t im e e m p lo y e e s a r e th o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a s c h e d u le c a llin g r e g u la r ly f o r f e w e r w e e k ly h o u r s than
the e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s c h e d u le f o r f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s in th e s a m e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o r k .
The
d e te r m in a tio n is b a s e d on th e e m p l o y e r 's d is t in c t io n b e tw e e n th e tw o g r o u p s w h ic h m a y ta k e in to
a cco u n t not on ly d i f f e r e n c e s in w o r k s c h e d u le s but d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y and b e n e fit s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a la r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e on ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is i t e d . (See
ta b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f the o p t im u m s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a ve f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a te s a b ov e the
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Shift d i ff e r e n t ia l da ta a r e li m it e d t o fu l l- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . (See
ta b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l ic y 3 f o r t o t a l plant w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e ff e c t iv e p r a c t ic e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f ie d sh ift at th e t im e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t ia l s , th e am ou n t a p p ly in g t o a m a jo r it y is u sed .
In
e s ta b lis h m e n ts ha vin g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iff e r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y o f th e sh ift h o u r s . A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift en d s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t. A
t h ir d (n igh t) sh ift s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a jo r it y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m en t a re ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g t o a ll f u l l- t im e plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
(See
ta b le B - 3 . )
S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f f u l l- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p e c te d t o w o r k f o r s t r a i g h t - t im e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a re t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly
as a pplying t o a ll fu l l- t im e plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a re e li g ib le o r m a y
ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r th e p r a c t i c e s li s t e d . (S ee t a b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 6 . ) S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in
t a b le s B - 2 th rou g h B - 5 m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f rou n d in g .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is a s t a t is t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t io n o f fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e fit s . (S ee t a b le B - 5 . )
P r o v i s i o n s apply t o a ll plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n t s on o t h e r than a t im e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s a re c o n s id e r e d eq u iv a le n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s tim a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n -s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c
p la n s .
S u ch p r o v is i o n s a re t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s t r ie s .
H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t
in clu d e t h o s e (1) u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2 )
p r o v id e d th rou g h a union fu n d , o r (3 ) p a id d i r e c t ly b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fund s o r
f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
(S ee t a b le B - 6 . )
An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d t o have
su c h a pla n if th e m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n th ou g h l e s s than a m a jo r it y p a r t ic ip a t e
u n d er th e plan b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t .
E x c lu d e d a re
le g a ll y r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a il r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m it e d t o that ty p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d
c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly t o the in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y il l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll su ch p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in New
Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ic h h a ve e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s r e q u ir in g e m p l o y e r
c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a re in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a ll y r e q u i r e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w . T a b u la t io n s o f
p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r ’ s pay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll pay and n o w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r
p a r t ia l p a y or a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l i s show n o f w o r k e r s w ho
r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b oth t y p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L on g t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n t s t o t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p l o y e e s upon the
e x p ir a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e e n d o f the d is a b i li t y , a
m a x im u m a ge, o r e li g ib il it y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fit s .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s
r e d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ’ s c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fit s p a y a b le t o the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D ata on p a id h o lid a y s a r e lim it e d t o h o lid a y s g r a n t e d a n n u ally on a fo r m a l b a s i s , w h ic h (1 )
a re p r o v id e d f o r in w r itte n f o r m , o r (2 ) a re e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
(S ee ta b le B - 4 . )
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y f a ll on a n o n w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not
g ra n te d a n oth er day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a rt o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n te d . T h e s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow t o t a l h o lid a y
t im e .
T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r t s th e in c id e n c e o f the m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d i c a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p ic a l fe a t u r e s o f m a jo r m e d i c a l
p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y the in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a t u r e re q u irin g th e in s u r e d to pay a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) sta ted
d o l la r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e . g . , $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . D ental in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s fi l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d
a re p la n s w h ich c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e
p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f th e w o r k e r 's l i f e .

3 An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
® An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number of days sick leave available to each
em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Westchester County, N .Y .,1 May 1975
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

N u m b er o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d i v is i o n 1

W ith in s c o p e o f stud y
W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y 2

Studied
T o t a l3

S tudied
N u m b er

A l l d i v is i o n s _____________

_

_

F u ll - t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o ta l'3

354

96

89, 987

100

39, 02 5

2 0 , 560

53, 346

-

120
2 34

27
69

4 1 ,0 2 2
4 8 , 965

46
54

16, 706
2 2 ,3 1 9

10, 203
10, 357

23, 153
30, 193

100
50
100
50
50

13
59
39
45
78

8
15
12
8
26

9,
9,
11,
7,
10,

11
10
13
8
12

_ __ _

M a n u f a ct u r in g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s 4 ________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e __________
___
____________
R e t a il t r a d e _______________
__ _____ _______
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 7 ___________
_____________
_______

P ercen t

F u l l- t i m e
pla n t w o r k e r s

100

894
259
912
321
579

4, 887
(5)
(* )
(6)
H

2, 390
(5)

9 ,2 2 5
4, 827
7, 091
3, 678
5, 372

n
(5)
H

1 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M anual w as u s e d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s by in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,
2 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su c h a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,
and m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e pla n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s ,
4 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
5 T h is d i v is i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f
da ta is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is
t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh data to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2 ) the s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n ,
(3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) th e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
6 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e d i v is i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n on ly
in e s t im a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data is n o t m a d e fo r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 5.
7 H o t e ls and m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , re n ta l, and p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

I n d u s t r ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u fa ctu rin g
N e a r ly o n e - h a l f o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in W e s t c h e s t e r C ou n ty
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T he fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u s t r y g ro u p s
and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
In d u stry g rou p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 23
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ______ 17
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s ___________________________ 10
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p lie s _____________________
9
P r in t in g and p u b lis h in g __________ 8
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t _______ 8
I n s t r u m e n t s and r e la t e d
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 6
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s _______ 5

O ffic e and com p u tin g
m a c h in e s _________________________ 18
M o t o r v e h ic le s and
e q u ip m e n t _______________________ 8
M is c e lla n e o u s fo o d s and
k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ________________ 7
P e r i o d i c a l s _______________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p il e d b e f o r e a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y as show n in the a p p e n d ix ta b le .




L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a gre e m e n t co v e ra g e
T h e fo llo w in g t a b u la tio n sh o w s the p e r c e n t o f f u l l- t im e pla n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , W e s t c h e s t e r C ou n ty , N .Y ., M a y 1975:
P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s t r i e s _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s ____________________

63
66
99

O ffic e w o r k e r s
13
3
97

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll pla n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d by a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that e it h e r d o not have
la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s that a p p ly to fe w e r than h a lf o f
t h e ir p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a t e s a r e n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the ex ten t
to w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d b y the p r o v is i o n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and the in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y
is lim it e d .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s fi e ld s t a ff in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a rea .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le j o b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b il li n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n t a l t o b illin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , as f o l lo w s :

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d i s t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u al o r a u tom ated
a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
adding m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c o m p u t e d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e
a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m
u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e l a t e s t o the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p i c a ll y b e c o m e s fa m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a ccou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u se d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but i s n ot r e q u ir e d t o h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ir e
th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g a ctio n s to d e te r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o r e c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a se t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m il ia r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a ch p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c t io n s o f a se t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l,
c u s t o m e r s * a c c o u n ts (n ot in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d und er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e ­
c e p t io n i s t ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m ; and t o o l and die m a k e r a re b e in g in tr o d u c e d th is y e a r .
T h e y a r e th e r e s u lt o f th e B u r e a u 's p o l ic y o f p e r io d ic a l ly r e v ie w in g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l
d e s c r i p t i o n s in o r d e r t o ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n t s and t o c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o
th a t th e y a r e m o r e
r e a d i ly u n d e r s t o o d and u n ifo r m ly in te r p r e t e d .
E ven th ou g h th e r e v i s e d
d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y th e s a m e o c c u p a t io n s as p r e v io u s ly d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g ch a n g e s
m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f th e r e v i s i o n s .
T h e n ew s in g le l e v e l d e s c r i p t i o n fo r
l e v e l s p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d .




s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r is not th e e q u iv a le n t o f the tw o

C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and sta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s tin g t o le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and co d in g
d o c u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the b a s is
o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s if ie s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l is h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l

L is t e d b e lo w
a re
s t e r e o t y p e s in th e t it l e s :

in d e x e s f i le m a t e r ia l su c h as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l
filin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith the f i le s .
M ay
fi le c l e r k s .

re v ise d

o c c u p a tio n ;

t it l e s

in tr o d u c e d

th is

year

to

e lim in a te

R e v is e d t itle

F o r m e r title

D r a ft e r
D r a fte r -t r a c e r
B o ile r ten d er

D ra ftsm a n
D r a ft s m a n -t r a c e r
F ir e m a n , s ta tio n a ry b o il e r

sex

S E C R E T A RY— C ont in ue d
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i fi e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h ea d in g s
o r p a rtly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fi n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s. As r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r f o r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i le s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s ily c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v i c e f i le s .
C LE R K , ORDER

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e as f o l l o w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do not m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l "

b.

s e r v in g

as

o ff ic e

a s s is t a n t s

to

con cep t d e s c r ib e d above;

a grou p

o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l,

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a ll y .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : Q u otin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis t in g th e it e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r sh e e t;
and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o b e fi ll e d . M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t
t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo l lo w up
o r d e r s t o s e e that th e y h a ve b e e n f i ll e d , k e e p f i le o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o i c e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y da ta on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s * e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g
c a lc u la t e d da ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n s u c h as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w d r k in g d a y s , t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r
in m a king up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch m a ch in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r n u m e r i c d a ta on ta b u la tin g
c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C l a s s A . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r co d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k . M ay tr a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo llo w s s p e c i f ie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M E SSE N G E R

of

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u tie s ;

c . S ten og ra p h ers
m a n a g e ria l p e rso n s;

secreta ry

E x a m p le s

or

r o u tin e o r s u b ­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i ff ic u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b le t e c h n i c a l,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l
w ork .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin it io n s fo l lo w i n g , r e f e r s t o t h o s e
o f f i c i a l s w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r co m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s . T he t it le " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a ll y in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify s u c h p o s it i o n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y is t o a ct p e r s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll ,

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
co m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t
o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3 . S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s su c h as run ning e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s
s u c h as s e s d e r s o r m a i l e r s , op en in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a il , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e
p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECR ETARY

5. S e c r e t a r y t o the hea d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o r a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a ir ly in d e p e n d e n tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il , a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as in s t r u c t e d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p i c a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d e rsta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l o f

C la s s C
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to
on e
o f the s p e c i f ic le v e l situ a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs & l e ast s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t s
t
w h ic h a r e often , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly on e o r t w o ; o r

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r ­
s ig n a tu r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll , fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

fa cto r y ,

e tc.

(o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a non s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )

STENOGRAPHER

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )

P r i m a r y duty is t o ta k e d ic t a t io n u sin g sh orth a n d , and t o t r a n s c r ib e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su c h as th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is d e fin it io n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x c lu d e d
a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e E A M eq u ip m en t.

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d i s t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s
in a c o n f id e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b le and
d i s c r e t io n a r y t a s k s as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u ir in g s o m e planning o f the n a tu re and
s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r tra in in g lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in
th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b il it y is li m it e d t o s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

S ten o g ra p h e r, G e n e ra l
D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M ay m a in ta in

f i le s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y
than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u i r e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , fi l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l t a s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m
g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; re a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a te b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X )
s y s t e m t o r e l a y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a ll s .
M ay p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a
t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (ty pin g o r ro u tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's t im e , and is u su a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at
th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a cts as a r e c e p t i o n is t , see S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r R e c e p t io n is t .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s i n g le - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , a c t s b oth as an o p e r a t o r — se e S w itc h ­
b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o rk in v o lv e s su ch du ties as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ;
d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o
a p p r o p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n , o r c o n ta ctin g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and a rra n g in g an
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g t o e s t a b l is h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c i f ic in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iff ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as the
t a b u la t o r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition t o the s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d t o do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay t r a in n ew e m p l o y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g
m a c h in e s su c h as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e r a t io n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w ork .
T R A N S C R IB IN G rM A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d icta tio n in sh orth a n d o r by
S ten oty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r t o m a k e out b il ls a fte r ca lc u la t io n s
h a ve b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c il s , m a t s , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r
u se in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l tr a in in g , s u c h as keep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo l lo w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n ,
p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u su al w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r planning la y ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t i c a l t a b le s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M ay ty p e rou tin e
f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : C op y ty p in g f r o m rou g h o r c l e a r d r a fts ;
o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c ; o r settin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r
co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y se t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PU TER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s da ta c c c o r d in g t o
o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g :
S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry eq u ip m en t in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and
o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l
c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s ca u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m t o
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
progra m .

C la s s B .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a re e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n
ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te stin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r cha nge o r ca n n ot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e
a c t io n .
T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p era tors

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r run ning
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a re fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in t r o d u c e d ; sc h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t if ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f the
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .




O p e r a t e s u n d er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r run ning p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M ay a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m i n g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g d iffic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c te d t o d e v e lo p w ork in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m en t u s e d and a b ilit y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly ha s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r t s st a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a
se q u e n ce o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u to m a tic da ta p r o c e s s in g
eq u ip m en t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f da ta t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d
flo w ch a r ts t o sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a ch in e t o fo l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r
adapt t o n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f t h is is
the s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m m ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and ch a r ts w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g ste p s t o b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u tin e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e ff ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in . a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iff ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s s u c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n
o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts t o da ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f da ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d i r e c t io n t o

lo w e r le v e l

p rog ra m m ers

w ho a re

sy ste m s

a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta and
m u lt i p l e - u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output da ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r ch a n g e s
and f o r ob tain in g eq u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w h o a r e a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .
C la s s_ B . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e outpu t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n ts in a b an k , m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b l e in a r e t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b l is h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s jon a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A.
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p li a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t io n s , and t o in s u r e
p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g out a n a ly s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a ctiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n t s a re d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n of p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o
p r o d u c e da ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m input da ta w h ic h a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , th e da ta h a ve b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d er c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g
l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iffic u lt t a s k s u n d er f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f
sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
da ta p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i fic a t i o n s n e e d e d t o en a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o
a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u se d ;
o u tlin e s a c tio n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f fic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o
m a n a g em en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and da ta flo w c h a r t s );
c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is is
th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .




F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
that d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f fo r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k is r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s that r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d iz e d d raw in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e
p o s it i o n a l re la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls t o b e
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic t in g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n e d v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o rk m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d t o p la n s p r im a r i ly c o n s is t i n g o f
s t r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s il y v is u a l iz e d i t e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on
c o m b in a t io n o f th e
c o n s t r u c t i n g , and
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y

v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m i n g on e o r a
fo l lo w i n g : I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n i c s
t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill t o put eq u ip m en t in r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g co n d it io n .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o se
t h a t , t y p i c a ll y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r ly in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t. W o r k in v o l v e s : A fa m il ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o ls and te stin g
in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e eq u ip m e n t— c o n s is t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u it s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f
th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , b u t i s n o t lim it e d t o , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c tr a n s m it t in g
and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d i o , t e le v i s io n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig it a l and a n a log c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o ll in g e q u ip m e n t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts . M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r m e n o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e
p r i m a r y du ty is s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w ho h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r rou tin e t a s k s in w ork in g
on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s s u c h t a s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su c h a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t;
and u sin g t o o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , m u lt i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tub e t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is n ot r e q u ir e d t o b e f a m il ia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u it s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n ow led g e t o s o lv e u n u su ally c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e that t y p i c a ll y ca n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y
r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g
ch a n ges.
W o r k in v o l v e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e in te r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly usin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W ork m ay b e re v ie w e d b y
c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W ork
is t y p i c a ll y sp o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w h en n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g i s t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id t o the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g t o s u b se q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts t r e a t e d ;
p r e p a r in g a ccid e rit r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g hea lth
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o t h e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h ea lth ,
w e lf a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s em p lo y in g
m o r e than on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f ic o r
g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k il l, su c h as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; cle a n in g
w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t ; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r fo r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d
t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n fin e d t o su p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l iz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a
f u l l- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h as the in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f eq u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its ,
co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g
s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and m e a s u r in g and t e s tin g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o su p p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t ,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d it i o n in g .
W o r k in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H ea d o r
c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .




M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than on e t y p e o f m a c h in e t o o l ( e .g ., j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , en g in e la t h e , m il li n g m a c h in e ) t o m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s ,
fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iff ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p li c a t e d se tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g
up m a c h in e t o o l o r t o o ls ( e . g . , in s t a l l cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju st g u id e s , s t o p s , w o rk in g t a b le s , and o th e r
c o n t r o ls t o h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and
o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n t o a ch ie v e
r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o le r a n c e s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting
and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , t o r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m , at th e s k il l l e v e l c a ll e d f o r in t h is c l a s s i fic a t i o n r e q u ir e s
e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h c o n s id e r a b le
o n - t h e - jo b t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l - a n d - d i e jo b b in g s h o p s .

in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : in te r p r e t in g w ritte n
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools
and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g st a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o ls ; sh a pin g o f m e t a l

naort’t

.r > a rn ^ iid o T O

rrc

I;

.

p a rts t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u t a t io n s re la tin g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g ,
f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to
m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
ivo-vq vM
a
■
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l ls , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s the
fo l lo w i n g : K n ow led ge o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d iff e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g b y re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a pplying paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r
pa in t in g r e d ie n t s t o ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce
p a in t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e the u se o f s u c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l iz e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b li n g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s ^and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b od y
b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
• '' i ' •
'
T h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n d o e s n ot in clu d e m e c h a n i c s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile
r e p a i r sh o p s.
. :o

i.J ; .J ♦ i io i t o o ! ( i • ’ ?.• •

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d to o ls in
sc ra p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g
the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r sen d in g o f th e m a ch in e t o a m a c h in e sh op
f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r fo r the p r o d u c t io n o f p a rts
o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts fo r
o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d fr o m
th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea vy
eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g e s in the pla n t la y ou t a re r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g t o s t r e s s e s , str e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and
p a rts t o be u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i l lw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

I n sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f
p ip e f r o m draw in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d i e s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , fl o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r fi n is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly
e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u ch
as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g ,
fo r m in g , sh a p in g , fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in
sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n -m e t a ll ic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W o rk
t y p i c a ll y in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r
w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
sh o p c o m p u ta tio n ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t ; u sin g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l it i e s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk
r e q u i r e s rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w ag e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e fo r g i n g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U A R D AN D W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HA N D LIN G

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n clu d e s g a te m e n w h o a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by
h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and ille g a l e n tr y .

M a k es rou n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , t h e ft ,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fi x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix t u r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g
su p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and cle a n in g l a v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d ition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s f i ll e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t su p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .
P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units t o b e
p a c k e d , the type o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f sh ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f

s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g
e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l t o p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and
s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e
w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo l lo w s :

F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t,
o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s su ch a s: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o t s ,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s '
h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r
m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r -s a le s m e n and o v e r - t h e - r o a d
d r iv e r s a re e x clu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 t o and in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h ea v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r t y p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; A k n ow led g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a fi le o f sh ip p in g
r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ;
V e r ify i n g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a ga in st b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s ,
o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and fi le s .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and type o f e q u ip m e n t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

T R U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o li n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s abou t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r oth e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w age

stud y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k li f t )
W AREH OU SEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e an unde r stem ding o f
the e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n t o r y of s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s t o r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m i n g w a r e h o u s in g d u ties.
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k and p a c k e r , s h ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l ly f o r u se in a d m in is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o - L a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x .
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J .
A u g u sta , G a .— .C .
S
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r -O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and
P a s ca g o u la , M is s .
B o i s e C it y , Id a h o
B r e m e r t o n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk and S t a m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t.—N .Y .
Cape C od, M ass.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rba n a , 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e — a s t o n ia , N .C .
G
C heyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v il le - H o p k in s v i ll e , T e n n - K y .
C o l o r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a .—A la .
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .— is .
S
W
El P aso, T ex.
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .— k la.
O
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g ,
H
C
P a .—M a r t in s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d sd en —A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d — a s t in g s , N e b r.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , M on t.
G u am
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H untington—A s h la n d , W . V a .—K y .—O h io
K n o x v ille , T e n n .
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L im a , O h io

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e o r w il l b e a v a ila b le at n o c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s la s t f r o m any o f

L it t le R o c k -N o r t h L it t le R o c k , A r k .
L o g an s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in —E l y r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .— a .—D el.
V
L yn ch b u rg, Va.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S te . M a r i e , M ich .
M c A lle n —P h a r r -E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v i ll e —
H a rlin g en —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e d fo r d -K la m a t h F a lls —G r a n t s P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O ce a n C o s ., N .J .
M o b il e , A la . and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id so n , T e n n .
N ew B e r n — a c k s o n v il le , N .C .
J
N orth D ak ota
N o r w ic h — ro to n —New L o n d o n , C on n .
G
O r la n d o , F la .
Q x n a r d -S im i V a lle y — e n t u r a , C a lif.
V
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .— a in e— a s s .
M
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — en n ew ick — a lla W a lla —
K
W
P e n d le to n , W a sh .—O re g .
R iv e rs id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a lif.
O
S a lin a , K an s.
S a n d u sk y, O h io
Santa Barbara^-Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e r m a n -D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S io u x F a l ls , S. Dak.
S p ok an e, W a sh .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld -C h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .—C on n .
H
S t a m fo r d , C onn.
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T am pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
V a l l e jo - F a i r f i e l d — ap a, C a lif.
N
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a l ls , Iow a
C
W e st T e x a s P la in s

R e p o r t s f o r the fo llo w in g s u r v e y s c o n d u c t e d in th e p r i o r y e a r but s in c e d is c o n t in u e d a r e a ls o a v a ila b le :
G ra n d F o r k s , N. Dak.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f *
San A n g e lo , T e x * *
W ilm in g to n , D e l.— .J .—M d .*
N

A b ile n e , T e x . * *
B i ll in g s , M o n t.*
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x *
F r e s n o , C a li f .*
*
**

E x p a n d e d t o an a r e a w a g e s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r
In c lu d e d in W e s t T e x a s P la in s .

1975.

S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r .

T h e fo u r te e n th annual r e p o r t on s a la r i e s fo r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d it o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n ta n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s i s a v a ila b le . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1 837, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 4 , $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 204 02 .




Area Wage Surveys
A li s t o f th e la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin su p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d ire c to ry o f
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t.
B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d
o b ta in e d w ith ou t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 4 -------------------------------------- -- -------------------- _--------------------------------- —------ S u p p l.
F ree
A l b a n y -S c h e n e c t a d y -T r o y , N. Y ., S e p t . 1974____________________________________________ . S u p p l .
F ree
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 _______________ __________ ____________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
A llen tow n —B e th le h e m — a s t o n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _____ ______________________________Suppl.
E
F ree
A n a h eim — a n ta Ana— a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974 1_________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -9 ,
S
G
85 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 5 * ______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
A u s tin , T e x . , D e c. 1 974-------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
F ree
B a lt i m o r e , M d ., Aug. 1974--------------------------------------- --------------- --------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
F ree
B e a u m o n t -P o r t A r t h u r -O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________ _ Suppl.
F ree
_
B i ll in g s , M o n t ., July 1975------ , _____ ____ _______________________ ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 ce n ts
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .— a . , J u ly 197 5 --------------------------r------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 ce n ts
P
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975______________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
B o i s e C i t y , Id a h o, N ov . 1973 2 _____________________________________________________________S upp l.
F ree
B o s t o n , M a s s ., A ug. 1 9 7 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
F ree
B u f fa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 4 _____________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., D e c. 1973 2 ________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
F ree
C a n to n , O h io , M ay 1975--------- —------------------------------------------------—-------------------------------------------S upp l.
C h a r le s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 4 2 __________________________ ___________________________ ____. S u p p l .
F ree
C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 _____________________________________________ ____ ________ —__ S upp l.
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., S ep t. 1 9 7 4 ________________________________________________________S u pp l.
F ree
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1975--------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 , 85 ce n ts
C in c in n a t i, O h io — y.— n d ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________ - ______________________ S u pp l.
K
I
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1974 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 7 , $ 1.00
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1974—________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x ., J u ly 1 975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 ce n ts
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 _____ ____________________________ _______-_____________________ _____S upp l.
F ree
D a lla s—F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1974______________________________________________________ . S u p p l .
F ree
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Isla n d —M o l in e , Iow a—
111., F e b . 1975—-------------------------------------------------- S upp l.
F ree
D a y ton , O h io , D e c. 1974 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 4 , 80 ce n ts
D ay ton a B e a c h , F la ., A ug. 1975____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 ce n ts
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1973 2__________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
D e n v e B o u l d e r , C o l o ., D e c. 1974 1_______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 15, 85 c e n t s
D es M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________ __________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r. 1975—_________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 , 85 ce n ts
D u rh a m , N .C ., D e c. 1973 2 __________________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -9 , 65 c e n t s
F o r t L a u d e r d a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h — o c a R a to n , F la ., A p r . 1975
B
1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 ce n ts
F o r t W o r t h , T e x ., O ct. 1973 2 ________________________________________ ______________________S upp l.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3___________________ —______ __________________________________________________
G a i n e s v il le , F l a . , S ep t. 1974 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 1 , 75 ce n ts
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1975 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 ce n ts
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s t o n -S a le m — ig h P o in t , N . C ., A u g . 1975_____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 ce n ts
H
G r e e n v il le , S . C . , June 1 9 7 5 .________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 ce n ts
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1___________________________________ —__________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 ce n ts
H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r. 1975__ - ____________________- ___________________ _____ __________________ S upp l.
F ree
F ree
H u n t s v ille , A l a ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., O ct. 1974____________ ____________________-___ - __________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1975 _________- _____ —----- -----------------—-— ------ ----------------------------- —— S upp l.
F ree
J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 4 ________________________________ __________________________ ___ S upp l.
F ree
K a n s a s C it y , M o .— a n s ,, S e p t. 1974____________________________________________________ __ S upp l.
K
F ree
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2__________________ _______________________ S upp l.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N ov . 1 9 7 4 ___________________________ -___________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L ittle R o c k —N orth L it t le R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1973 2 ______________________ - ________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974______________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h eim — anta Ana— a r d e n
S
G
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1973 2 __ —________________ ______________ _________ ____________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d . , N ov . 1974 1________________________ - _________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 2 , 80 ce n ts
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
M a n ch e ste r , N .H ., J u ly 19 73 2 _____________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v i ll e —C o c o a , F l a . , A ug. 1974 1 ______ _______ __________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 , 75 c e n t s
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e li m it e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at th e r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p le m e n ts m a y be

A rea

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .— i s s . , N ov . 1 9 7 4 —---------------------------- --------------------------------------------Suppl.
M
F ree
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1974------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., J an. 1974 2 ——------ — ---------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1975 1---------------------------- —----------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 1 , 85 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W i s ., J an. 1975 1----------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 0 , $ 1.05
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h ts , M i c h ., June 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------------------S uppl.
F ree
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1 .......................................................................................................... 1 8 5 0 -3 9 , $ 1 .0 0
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1975 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 8 , $ 1.00
N ew ark and J e r s e y C it y , N .J .. J an . 1 9 7 4 * --------------------------------------------------------------------- — Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew H a v en , C o n n ., J an. 1974 ----------------- --------------------- ----------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J an . 1 9 7 5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N . J ., M a y 1975 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 5 , $ 1 .1 0
New Y o r k and N as s a u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 ---------------------------------------------- -------------- Suppl.
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h , V a .— .C ., M a y 1 9 7 5 ------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 9 , 65 ce n ts
P
N
N o r fo lk — i r g in i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and N ew p ort N ew s—
V
H a m p ton , V a . , M a y 1975 __________________ _____________________________„_________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 , 65 cen ts
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A ug. 1975-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -5 2 , 65 ce n ts
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a ., A ug. 1975____________ —------------------------------—--------— ---------------------- 1 8 5 0 -5 1 , 65 ce n ts
O m a h a , N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1974 1---------- ----- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850- 10, 80 ce n ts
Io
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1975 1----------------------------------------------------—------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 8 , 80 ce n ts
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov . 1 9 7 4 — — ----------------------------------------------------------------------- ------- Suppl.
F ree
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 ------- ------------------------------------------------------------—---------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 1 9 7 5 ----------------- ----------------------------- --------------------------—------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov . 1974---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1975--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 0 , 75 ce n ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . 1 3--------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g sto n —N ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1974-------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .—M a s s ., June 1975------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 , 75 ce n ts
R a le ig h , N .C ., D e c . 1973 1 2 ________________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -7 , 65 ce n ts
F ree
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______ —------ ----------------------------- —----------------------------------- Suppl.
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1975------------------------- —------ ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 , 65 ce n ts
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a l i f . , D e c . 1973 2 ----------------------------- ------------------ Suppl.
O
F ree
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 1 9 7 4 2 — ------ -— — ---------------------------------------------------------------- -------------Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r . 1 9 7 5 ------------------ ------ ----------------------------- -— --------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1974 1 -------------------—---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 9 , 80 ce n ts
S a g in a w , M i c h ., N ov . 1974 1 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------- -------- 1 8 5 0 -1 6 , 75 ce n ts
S a lt L ak e C ity — g d e n , U tah, N o v . 1 9 7 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
O
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1975--------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 3 , 65 ce n ts
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov . 1974 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 3 , 80 ce n ts
San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a li f ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 * -------------- ------ ----------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 5 , $ 1 .0 0
San J o s e , C a li f ., M a r . 1975 1---------------- — -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 6 , 85 cen ts
F ree
S a va n n a h , G a ., M a y 1974 2 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
S c r a n t o n , P a ., J u ly 1973 1 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -3 , 55 ce n ts
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1 9 7 5 ---------- —--------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
F ree
S iou x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------- Suppl.
South B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 _______- _____ —------------------------------—___________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., June 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 , 65 cen ts
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1973 2_______________________________ __________________Suppl.
F ree
T o le d o , O h io— i c h ., M a y 1975 1 -------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 4 , 80 ce n ts
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ept. 1974-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
W a sh in g to n , D . C . - M d .- V a ., M a r . 1975 1 __________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 1 , $ 1 .0 0
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 4 2 _________ ___________________________ ________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N ov . 1973 1 2 --------- ------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------ 1 7 9 5 -5 , 60 ce n ts
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty , N .Y ., M a y 1975 1_________________________ - _________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 , 80 ce n ts
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975__________ ______ ____ ______________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M ay 1975 1----------------—___ - ________________ —---------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 4 , 80 ce n ts
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1975 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -3 2 , 80 ce n ts
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N ov. 1973 2 __ —---------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
W
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

W A S H IN G T O N . D C . 2 0 2 1 2

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

O F F IC IA L B U S IN E S S
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E U S E $30 0

LAB • 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L OFFICES
Region I

R e gion II

1603 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o ston, Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 2 3 -6 76 1 (A re a C o de 6 1 7 )

S u ite 340 0
15 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 36
P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o de 21 2)

C o n n e c tic u t
M aine
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p sh ire
R h o d e Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

R egion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago , III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W iscon sin




R e g io n V I

R e gion I II

R e g io n IV

P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 154 (A re a C o de 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n sylva n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gions V I I a n o V I I I

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 752 02
P h o n e : 7 4 9 -3 5 ) 6 (A re a C o de 2 1 4 )

F ed era l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S L , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o de 8 16 )

L o u is ia n a
Jew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T exas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e braska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h o n e : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M ississippi
N o rth C a rolina
S o u th C a rolina
T ennessee
R e gions IX and X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 360 17
San F rancisco, C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o de 41 5)
IX
A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Ida h o
O regon
W a s h in g to n