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The Waterloo, Iowa, Metropolitan Area
November 1968

a t e r Io o
I BLACK h a w k ]

Kill let in

No.

1625-3 1




U N IT E D STATES DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T I S T I CS

BUREAU Of LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

REGION III
PHIL ADELPHIA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia. Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The W aterloo, Iowa, Metropolitan Area




Novem ber

1968

B u lle tin

No. 1 6 2 5 - 3 1
March 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G eoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent

of

Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T he B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of an n ual
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n fo r e a c h
of th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n tr o d u c t io n __________________________________________________________________
W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T a b le s:
1.
2.

A.

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .




O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l.
O f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s — o m e n __________________________________
w
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n _____________
m
A -3 .
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e
w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B -2.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________________
B -4 .
P a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________
B -6.
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p l a n s ____________________
B -7 .
M e th o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t io n an d f r e q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t ______________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

ii!

N O TE:
S i m i l a r t a b u l a t io n s a r e
(S e e in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

a v a ila b le

fo r o th e r

4

6
7
8
o o

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d ie d _____________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d p e r c e n t s of
i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________________

00

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le t io n of a l l of th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a ro u n d
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle t in i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of th e m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s
s t u d ie d in to on e b u lle t in . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lit a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
W a t e r lo o , Io w a , in N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 .
T h e S ta n d a rd M e t­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u of
th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B l a c k H a w k
C o u n ty .
T h i s s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f ic e in K a n s a s C i t y , M o ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i ­
r e c t io n o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r
fo r O p e ra tio n s.

1
5

1

11
12
13
14
15
17
18
19




Area Wage Survey---The Waterloo, Iowa, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
se rv ic e s.
M a jo r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t i p n s s t u d ie d t o w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t io n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i ­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e . e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n i n g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of p ay
f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r ^ h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f le c t c o m p o site , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to .r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n ot b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n t r ib u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c lu d e :
D iffe r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a llo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s a n d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a fo llo w in g
th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y an d n o t th e n u m b e r
a c tu a lly su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n f o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s an d S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e to p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t il i z e d
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e f u n c t io n s .
"O lfic e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s an d r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (t a b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p l in g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h av e f o r m a l e n tra n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t a t th e t im e o f th e
su rv ey .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ( t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n
p la n s; an d fr e q u e n c y of w a g e p a y m e n t (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B -7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lif y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
r o u n d in g .
D a t a on p a i d h o l id a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t

p a r t o f th e p a id h o l id a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le a n d h a lf
h o l id a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a l f
h o l id a y s to sh o w t o t a l h o l id a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It i s n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s a n d
t h o s e w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u c h p l a n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
fo r th is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
i f th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a jo r it y e le c te d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r ity , an d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to t h a t ty p e o f
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In fo rm a tio n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p l a n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u l a t io n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a ra te
t a b u l a t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a it in g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a it in g p e r i o d . In a d d it io n to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l i s sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h a r e d e s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t i a l
paym en t of d o c to r s ' fe e s .
S u c h p l a n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f it o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r t h e y m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e p l a n s
t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b le B -7!) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
ty p e s o f r a t e s tr u c tu r e f o r w o r k e r s p a id u n d e r v a r io u s tim e an d in ­
c e n tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e lo w th e s i n g l e r a t e




fo r s p e c ia l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n ts a r e e x c e p tio n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d o n th e
m e th o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s o f i n c e n t iv e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f th e lo w in c id e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f ic e
w o rk e rs.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e i s p a id
f o r e a c h u n it o f o u tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t io n
o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a jo b in l d s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d o n a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r o n a c o m b in a t io n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
D ata
ta b le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

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E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in W a t e r lo o , Io w a ,

b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1968

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o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________________
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F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
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1 T h e W a te r lo o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B l a c k H aw k C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e - s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r th is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p le
w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e W a te r lo o a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l _______________________ 58
F o o d a n d k in d r e d
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 21
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ____ 7
O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s _____
5

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
F a r m m a c h i n e r y _________________ 51
M e a t p r o d u c t s -------------------------- 19
O r d n a n c e ________________________ 5
F a b r ic a te d s t r u c t u r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s _______________________ 4

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
la te s h if t s .
The p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e le c te d key o c c u ­
p a t io n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each grou p.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r i o d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e tw e e n J u l y I9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r io d to th e
d a te o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n o t in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L i m i t a t i o n s o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
T h e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , a n d (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e iv a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h av e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p lo y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e ig h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n t s w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t ip l ie d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e ig h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u l t ip l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Electricians
operators, class B
Secretaries
Machinists
Clerics, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
A and B
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Pipefitters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot in flu e n c e d )>y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m psly
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

5

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r ly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G r o u p s
in W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1968 an d N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 , an d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In d e x e s
(N o v e m b e r 1960=100)
O c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
N o v e m b e r 1968

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) ______
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n )___
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) ___________________

1 3 6 .0
C )

1 4 5 .8
1 4 5 .9

N o v e m b e r 1967

1 2 6 .9
C )

1 3 6 .5
1 3 5 .2

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e
N o v e m b e r 1967
to
N o v e m b e r 1968

7 .2
( X)
6 .8
7 .9

N o v e m b e r 1963
to
N o v e m b e r 1964

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) _______
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n )____
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _______________
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) ____________________

l

D a t a d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t io n c r i t e r i a .




3 .5
C )

1.8
1.4

N o v e m b e r 1966
to
N o v e m b e r 1967

5 .0
( X)
8 .4
8 .5

N o v e m b e r 1962
to
N o v e m b e r 1963

4 .3
( X)
5 .2
4 .4

N o v e m b e r 1965
to
N o v e m b e r 1966

N o v e m b e r 1964
to
N o v e m b e r 1965

2 .2
( X)
5 .1
3 .2

4 .2
( X)
3.5
3 .5

N o v e m b e r 1961
to
N o v e m b e r 1962

N o v e m b e r I9 6 0
to
N o v e m b e r 1961

0 .8
( X)
2 .9
4 .0

4 .4
( X)
5 .0
6 .0

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W a te r lo o , Io w a, N o v e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o £ w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
O c cu p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

A v e rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
( standard)

$
M ean *

M e d ian *

60

S

65

t

70

I

75

t

80

$

85

t

90

S

95

t

100

t

105

t

110

I

115

t

120

t

125

t

130

t

135

t

140

$

150

1

160

i

170

1

180

M id d le range 2

u n d er
65

$

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

160

150

160

170

180 o v e r

$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

40.0 127.00 122.50 1 0 4 . 0 0 40.0 135.50 13 5 . CO 1 1 5 . 0 0 -

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

40.0
40.0
40.0

84.00
89.50
77.00

79.50
83.50
7 4 . CO

7 1 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0

CLERKS, FILF, CL AS S B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

40.0
40.0

87.50
87.50

96.50
97.00

6 8 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 -

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1
1

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

40.0 114.50 1 2 1 . CO
40.0 116.50 12 4 . CO

8 4 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 -

1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

4
4

1 5 1 .0 0
1 6 C .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------

8 7 .0 0 -

S E C R E T A R I E S 3-------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

40.0 123.00 11 9 . CO 1 0 0 . 5 0 40.0 127.00 135.00 1 0 0 . 5 0 -

7
3

1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0

40.0 125.00 115.00 1 0 1 . 0 0 40.0 129.00 1 4 0 . CO 1 0 0 . 0 0 -

10

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CL AS S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------- -

1 2 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

40.0 105.00 109.50
40.0 107.50 110.50
83.50
40.0
94.00

8 7 .5 0 9 3 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 -

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI OR -------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3 9 . 5 108.50 110.00
40.0 117.00 1 2 2 . CO
9 0 . CO
38.0
90.50

9 0 .0 0 9 9 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

1 2 8 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS

7 3 .0 0 -

30
25
5

9 5 .5 0

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------

40.0
40.0

TYPISTS, CL AS S A -------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------

40.0 106.50 114.00
92.5 0- 12 2. 50
40.0 112.50 116.50 10 5.00-124.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------

40.0
40.0

89.50
93.00

91.00
92.00

8 3 . CO
84.50

8 9 . CO
97.00

75.5 0- 10 7. 50
79.0 0- 11 9. 00

77.0 0- 10 7. 00
77.50- 10 8. 00

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s co m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th a n th e r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th a n th e r a t e sh ow n. T h e m id d le r a n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s an d a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th a n the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W a te rlo o , Io w a, N o v e m b e r 1968)
W eekly e arn in g s1
(standard )
N um ber

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

N um be r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

t

%

$

$

$

DRAFTSMENt CLASS A

of

$

i

i

*

t

S

*

workers

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

*

$

$

t

*

t

44
38

DRAFTSMENt CLASS B — — — — —
MANUFA CT UR IN G — “

$
$
$
$
40.0 164.00 164.50 155.00-181.50
40.0 164.00 164.50 153.00-182.50

70
61

~

manufacturing

40.0 139.00 14 1 . CO 127.00-148.00
40.0 137.50 140.50 124.50-147.00

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

195

200

110

O c cu p a tio n an d in d u s try d iv isio n

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

18C

185

190

195

200

205

_

_

_

-

_

2
2

_

3
3

_

3
3

3
3

6
5

6

7
4

1

2
2

4

1
1

1
1

8
8

4
3

4
3

8
8

15
13

105
U nder
and
t
105 u n d er

4

10
9

_
_

4

_

5
1

2
2

4

8
8

1

2

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W a terlo o , Iow a, N o v e m b e r 1968)
A ve rage

Occupation and industry division

N um b er

of

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S
----------------

40

$
40.0 137.50
40.0 14G.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B

----------------

77
44
33
16

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

86.00
89.50
81.50
87.00

23
22

40.0
40.0

87.50
87.50

N um ber

of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

A va ra g ,

Occupation and industry division

O F FI CE OCCUPA TI ON S

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

Num ber
of
w orkers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
e am in g s 1
(standard)

- CONT IN UE D

CLERKS,

FILE, CLASS B

manufacturing

------------------------------------------------------------------------

55
42

40.0 124.50
40.0 128.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

21
17

40.0 106.50
40.0 112.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------

20

40.0 128.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

63
58

40.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

93
76
17

40.0 105.00
40.0 107.50
40.0
94.00

STENOGRAPHERS,

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

S E C R E T A R I E S 3------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------

59

-----------------------------------

19

39.5 108.50
117.00
38.0
90.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------------------------------

44
38

40.0 164.00
40.0 164.00

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

18

o
o

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

A ve rage

Occupation and industry division

83.00

TRANSC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------

70
61

40.0 139.00
40.0 137.50

20
16

40.0
40.0

89.50
93.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C

15

40.0 110.00

SENIOR

24
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------

45
43

40.0 117.00
40.0 119.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B

68

40.0 106.00

----------------

91.00
92.00

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

--------------------------------------

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W a te rlo o , Iow a, N o v e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earning* 1

i

s

*

$

*

s

f

»

s

s

s

s

s

$

t

s

$

s

*

*

t

s

.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4. 10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00

O ccu p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Middle range 2

M ean2

nd
unde r

_
~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.90 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4. 50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.10

$

$

CAR PEN TE RS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3.92
3.97

4.08
4.13

$
$
3.81- 4.24
3.85- 4.25

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4.42
4.44

4.71
4.72

4. 18 - 4.76
4. 16 - 4.76

E N G IN EE RS ,

4. 09 - 4.54

STATIONARY -------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PIPEFITTER S,

MAINTENANCE -------------------

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING ----

47
47

.

50
39

3.82
3.87

3.85
4.09

3.54- 4.22
3.53- 4.24

205
201

4.23
4.23

4.50
4.51

4. 08 - 4.55
4.08- 4.55

60

4.19

4.09

4.49
4.49

5.02
5.02

3.59- 5.06
3.59- 5.06

1 4
1 3

1
1
2
2

5
5

4
4

2
2

12
12

-

10

5

-

6

2

-

1
1

1
1

4
4

14
14

3

4
4

-

-

4
4

1
1

1
1

1
1

11
11

6
6

3
3

1
1

15
15

7
-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te sh ifts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




2
2

3.99- 4.53

99
99

1
1

7

16

15
15

7
3

17
17

10
10

3

3
1
1

10
10
1

107
107
21

-

1
1

2
2

61
61

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W a te rlo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1968)

Hourly earnings2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean3

Median3

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Middle range3

t
$
t
t
*
t
$
$
$
*
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40
and
u n der

t
t
t
$
$
$
t
$
i
$
1 ----- $—
2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2. 20 2.30 2.40 2.50

2.60 2.70 2.80 2. 90 3.00 3.10 3. 20 3.30 3.40 3.60 3.80 4*00 o v e r

1.60

82
80

$
3 .10
3 .1 0

$
3 .32
3 .31

$
3 .2 2 3 .2 1 -

$
3 .3 6
3 .3 6

164
135
29

2 .8 9
3 .05
2 .13

3 .22
3 .2 4
2 .0 8

2 .5 5 3 .2 0 1 .5 8 -

3 .2 7
3 .2 8
2 .5 9

JANITCRS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) ----------------------------

23

2 .7 9

3 .22

2 .1 9 -

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

664
658

3.25
3 .25

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

3 .3 0 3 .3 0 -

ORDER
FILLERS -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

99
99

3 .5 6
3 .5 6

3 .4 9
3 .49

3 .4 3 3 .4 3 -

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

PACKERS, SH IPPING ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

91
91

3 .20
3 .2 0

3 .31
3 .3 1

3 .0 6 3 .0 6 -

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

RECE IV IN G CLERKS -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

33
25

3 .2 9
3.39

3.42
3 .45

3 .1 5 3 .2 5 -

3 .50
3 .62

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

23
21

3 .4 6
3 .47

3 .5 9
3 .81

3 .1 5 3 .1 3 -

3 .8 5
3 .8 6

TR U C K D R I V E R S 4 ---------------------MA NU FACTURING ------------------

91
77

3 .3 7
3-37

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3 .2 3 3 .3 0 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------

31

3 .5 9

3.79

3 .1 9 -

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------JANITCRS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS ■
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

3
3

9

-

9

3 .2 6
3 .3 8
3 .3 8

“

”

“

1
1

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

“

“

5
5

4
4

1
1

3
3
~

2
2

2
2
“

6
6

17
10
7

-

-

-

1
1

38
38

4
4

_

“
-

-

6
2
4

1

3

-

2

-

3

5
5

_
-

7
7

-

1

18
18

-

“

1
1

-

-

1
1

“

1
1

-

-

-

2
2

17
17

43
41

4
4

-

-

5
3
2

1
1

_
-

2
2

90
90

12
12

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

10
10

_

11
11

7
7

56
54

432
432

_

~

9
6

-

40
40

4
4

-

4
4

3
3

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

49
49

30
30

2
2

2
2

7
7

17
17

9
9

-

52
52

_

_

-

3
1

1
1

_

_

3
3

4
~

1
1

11
11

7
7

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

2

2
2

_

-

1
1

-

11
11

6
6

_
“

_

”

3
3

5
1

3
3

3
2

12
12

32
32

8
“

14
14

-

3

i

-

1

2

1

-

-

8

14

-

-

1
1
-

-

3 .4 9
3 .4 9

-

3 .9 5

*

-

2

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

1
1

-

~

1 D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h i f t s .
3 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b le A - l .
4 In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e an d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




_
“

2
2

i
i

~

-

-

2
2

2
2

1
~

“

_

1

-

-

“
~

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

21
21
8
8

_

~
-

11
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , W a te r lo o , Io w a, N o v e m b e r 19 6 8 )
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a nuf a c t u r i ng
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f---

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

40

26

XXX

52

26

XXX

26

XXX

52

26

10

6

6

4

3

18

9

9

9

5
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ___________________________________

3
1

3
1

2

1

6
1

6

1
6

1

1

1
12
1
1

1

1

1
2

2

8

7

34

13

1

5

1

1
2

2

22

2

XXX

15

12

2

2
7

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
XXX

21

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




XXX

10

XXX

12




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
W a t e r lo o , I o w a , N o v e m b e r 19 6 8 )
( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h ift p ay p r o v isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te sh ifts
S e c o n d sh ift

T o t a l __________________________________________
N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t
P a y d iffe r e n tia l fo r w o rk on la te sh ift

9 8 .4
1 .5

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

9 0 .2
-

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i t t s
S e co n d sh ift

2 4 .8
0 .1

T h i r d o r o th e r
sh ift

7 .0
-

9 6 .9

9 0 .2

2 4 .7

7 .0

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ________________

9 6 .9

9 0 .2

2 4 .7

7 .0

5 c e n t s ___________________________________
10 c e n t s ___ _____ . .
12 c e n t s _________________________________
13 c e n t s _________________________________
14 c e n t s __________________________________
15 c e n t s
16 c e n t s
18 c e n t s __________________________________
2 5 4/$ c e n t s

3 .5
2 5 .6

T y p e and am o u n t of d iffe r e n tia l:

1
c o v e r la te

-

.7
1 9 .4
-

.9
4 6 .8

_
6 .6
.4
.7
2 0 .4
1 5 .3
-

4 6 .8

.3
5 .6
-

5 .4
_
.1
1 3 .3

_
.1
.8
.6
_
_
5 .5

I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

13

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , W a te r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------ ----

100
3
16
70
2
7
2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100
1
19
71
7
2

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

95
1

99

100

(5)

(5)

100
2
i

96
4

o

1 S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




14

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , W a te r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _____________________ _________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

"

■

“

'

_

-

N um ber of days
, h o lid a y „ ________ _________________________________
___________________________ ____
5 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s ____________ ________________ __
7 h o lid a y s ______________ _____________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s __ ________________
8 h o l i d a y s _____ ________________ __
_____ 9 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s __ ______ __ _____________ _________

1
1
11
4
33
46
4

-

-

2
2
35
56
5

10
27
63
-

4
50
83
87
97
99
100

5
61
96
98
100
100
100

(4 )

-

-

-

14
7
1
39
38
1

5
4
1
35
53
1

1
39
79
86
99
99
100

1
55
91
95
100
100
100

13
30
57

_
-

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 5
10 d a y s _____________________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ________________ ___
________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e __________________ __ ___ ___
6 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
an d no

-

63
90
100
100
100

57
87
100
100
100

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




15

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W a te r lo o , Io w a, N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s -

________________ _________

_ -

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
45
54
1

100
34
66

100
100
-

100
99
1

100
99
1

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
3

48
2

_

1
44

2
52

.

56
39
5

48
48
4

100
-

44

-

48
52

56

93
7

.

36
40
24

42
48
10

6
94

10
1
89

13
87

8
92

1 w e e k __ ___ __________ _ _______ __ _ ____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________ _
2 w e e k s __
___
— _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________ _____ _
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

2
5
90
3
-

2
5
89
4
-

100
-

( 6)
1
67
3
29

( 6)
55
4
41

100
-

2
5
90
3
-

2
5
89
4
-

_
100
-

(6 )
1
67
3
29

(6 )
55
4
41

100
-

55
41
3

46
50
4

100
-

62
1
38

50
1
49

20
3
75
2
( 6)

16
3
78
3
-

26

22

-

-

-

-

100

39
3
32

34
4
41

92

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s
___
L e n g th - o f- tim e p a y m e n t.
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _____________________________ __
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek—
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______
2 w eeks -

___

__

..

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

_
-

_
-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s — ________ ___________________ ______
O v e r 2 a n a u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w eeks
— -

-

_
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of se r v ic e
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________
__ ___ -

100
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s _ — _ __ _ —
—
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s __ ___ — ______________ _____ O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________ 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




_

-

-

8
-

-

16

Table B-5. Paid V acations1
----Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W a te r lo o , Io w a, N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 )
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i ng

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5--- C o n tin u e d
A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________
______
3 w e e k s ____ ______________________ ______________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________ _

8
2
86
3
(6)

2
2
92
4
-

_
_
100
_

7
34
41
18

-

14
_
51
3
32

4
_
51
4
41

(6 )
28
50
22

_
100
■

7
42
1
50

1
32
1
66

8
92
_

7
21
16
39
16

(6)
23
10
48
19

_
1
99

7
24
51

1
25
54

8
6
86

7
11
24
39
18

(6 )
10
21
48
20

7
11
24
39
18

( 6)
10
21
48
20

8
92
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _ _______________________________________ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s ____________________________ ______________
3 w e e k s __ _______
4 w e e k s ____________________
_______ _________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______ _______ _
___
______
5 w e e k s __________________________

-

_

_

-

18

20

-

_

7
19
25

1
18
20

8
6
55

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s __________________ _ _________________ __
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s ____
_____ ___________
_____
___

1
59

_

-

_

_

41

50

61

31

7
14
29

1
12
26

_

_

8
6
55

49
1

60
1

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e 7
_ __
_____ — ~ _
2 w e e k s — _________
3 w e e k s ___________ _____________ ________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ______________ _____ 5 w e e k s _____________________ _________
______ _
6 w e e k s ___ ______
___ ____
___ ___

_
1
59
-

41

_

31

I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c lu d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , and t h o s e p l a n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b ey o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f s u c h e x c l u s io n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n t i c a l.




17

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s ,
W a te r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e fit
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e — ________ ___ ________ ______________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5
_
_

98

100

99

98

99

94

88

95

77

83

92

69

94

98

77

61

56

69

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ______________________ ____—
S i c k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d )

83

96

33

42

51

24

8

2

30

22

14

38

4

1

41

20

19

31

100
100
98
83
84

100
100
99
83
90

100
100
100
99
77

97
97
94
92
81

99
99
99
92
89

100
100
100
94
61

A ll w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e lo w

H ^ s p i t a l i r.xt-A n rt i n s u r a n r p .

S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______
_____ _
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
..
. . .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e — ______________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m it e d to t h o s e
w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s t a b l i s h
at le a st
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




18

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , W a te r lo o , Io w a, N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

60
52
10
42

53
52
10
42

99
97
50
47

100
63
3
61

100
71
71

100
57
25
31

15

14

47

3

-

31

-

-

3

-

-

54
37

71
29
-

43
-

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s ____________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ____________________________
S in g le r a t e __________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s ______________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v i e w ________________________ _________
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e an d m e r i t r e v i e w ----------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y _________________________
P a id b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s ________________________
P i e c e r a t e ______________________________________
I n d iv id u a l____________________________________
G ro u p ________________________________________
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ______________________________
I n d iv id u a l____________________________________
G r o u p ________________________________________
C o m m i s s i o n ____________________________________

(5)
26
8
40
6
6
33
30
3
1

28
1
47
7
7
41
37
3

2
1
~
-

91
7
2
(5)

99

10
90
-

-

-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d
1

F re q u e n cy of w age paym en t
W e e k ly _____________________________________________
B iw e e k ly ___________________________________________
S e m im o n t h ly _______________________________________
M o n th ly ____________________________________________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y ___________________________________

-

1

29
56
13
2

31
63
4
1

1 F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




13
62
24
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s, a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l ly in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g tq n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a s e s o r se c tio n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g an d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is
jo b i s no t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

19

20
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed
d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F I C E B O Y OR G I R L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SECRETA RY
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e in q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e of o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

21
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d so m e f ilin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g ru n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g an d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r an d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk ty p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , ta b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b ut s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t's a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e fr o m w r it te n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g ; T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l fo r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; an d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b li s h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , an d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s . M a y
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lth e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

CARPENTER,

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r * s h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o rk . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g and
e x p e rie n c e .




M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

22
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; an d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
ning an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it te n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
an d fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d if f e r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o ut o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W ork in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts an d t r a p s in p lu m B in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s an d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




23
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

----C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R ----C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s m a c h in e -sh o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r f o r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ;
P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o lin g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f fi n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fi t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; an d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o ls ,, a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s

in

t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G

G u ard .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e it h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w ho a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a t e a n d
c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r ta tio n , an d r a t e ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o rd s and file s .

t h e ft ,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR C LE A N ER

ch arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g

w o rk ers a re

c la s s if ie d

as

f o llo w s :

c le rk

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t
a s fo l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ;

sto c k

se le c to r ; w are h o u se

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fi n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
to fi l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m
(I V 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e av y (o v e r
4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r
4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

O RDER,

CLERK

POW ER

SH IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s fo r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n it s to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t go o d s an d
e sta b lish m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lift )
p o w e r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l if t )




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ---T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1968*! S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t av ailab le bulletins i s p resen ted below. A d ire c to ry of a r e a wage stu dies including m ore limited stu dies conducted at the
re q u e st of the Wage and Hour and Public C on trac ts D iv isions of the Departm ent of L a b o r is a v ailab le on re q ue st. Bulletins m a y be purchased fro m
the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, Washington, D . C . , 20402, or fro m any of the B L S regio nal s a l e s office s shown on
the in side front c o v e r.
A re a
Akron, Ohio, Ju ly 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
Albany— en ectady -T roy , N. Y. , Apr. 1968 * ________
Sch
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , A p r. 19 6 8 1 __________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem— asto n , P a . — J .
E
N.
June 1968 1__________________________________________
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1968 1---------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , Md. , Sept. 1968 1 ________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, T e x . , May 1968 1 ___
Binghamton, N. Y. , Ju ly 1 9 6 8 * _______________________
B irm in gham , Ala. , A p r. 1968________________________
B o is e City, Idaho, Ju ly 1968 *_________________________
Boston; M a s s . , Sept. 1968 1 ---------------------------------Buffalo, N. Y . , Dec. 1967_____________________________
Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1968__________________________
Canton, Ohio, June 1968 1_____________________________
Ch arleston , W. Va. , A pr. 1968 1---------------------------Charlotte, N . C . , A pr. 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a . , Sept. 1 9 6 8 * ________________
G
Chicago, 111., A p r. 1968 _____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— —
Ky. Ind. , Mar. 1968 1------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
D a lla s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.
Oct. 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Ja n . 1 9 6 8 1--------------------------------------Denver, C o l o ., Dec. 1967 * __________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, F e b . 1 9 6 8 * _______________________
Detroit, M ich ., Ja n . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1968 1_______________________
Green Bay, Wis. , Ju ly 1968 1_________________________
G reenville, S . C . , May 1968 * _________________________
Houston, T e x . , June 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1967 1_______________________
Ja c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1____ ____________________
Ja c k s o n v ille , F l a . , Ja n . 1968 -------------------------------K a n s a s City, Mo. — ans. , Sept. 1968 1--------------------K
L aw ren ce—
Haverhill, M a s s . — H. , Ju ne 1968 1______
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k . , Ju ly 1968 1_____
L o s Angeles—
Long Be a ch and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden Grove, C a l i f . , M ar. 1968___________________
L o u isville , K y . —
Ind. , Fe b . 1968______________________
Lubbock, T e x . , June 1968 1 ______ -______ ______ _____
M anchester, N. H. , Ju ly 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------Memphis, T e n n .—
Ark. , Nov. 1968 ___________________
Miami, F l a . , Dec. 1968 1_____________________________
Midland and O d essa, T e x . , June 1 9 6 8 * _______________
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1968----------------------------------

Bulletin number
and price
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1575-41,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
30
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
25
30
35
35
35
30
45
30
30
20
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A re a
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Ja n . 1968-----------------Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ic h ., May 1968 1_____
N ewark and J e r s e y City, N. J . , Fe b . 1968 * __________
New Haven, C onn., Ja n . 1968 1 ______________________
New O rle an s, L a . , Fe b . 1968________________________
New York, N. Y . , Apr. 1968__________________________
Norfolk— o rtsm outh and Newport News—
P
Hampton, Va. , June 1968------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla. , Ju ly 1968---------------------------Omaha, N e b r . —
Iowa, Oct. 1968 1 ---------------------------P a te r s o n — l i ft o n ^ P a s s a i c , N. J . , May 1968 1 -----------C
Philadelphia, P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 1_________________
N.
Phoenix, A r iz . , M ar. 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Ja n . 1968___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 19 6 8 __________________________
Portland, O r e g . —
Wash. , May 1 9 6 8 * ____ _____________
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R. I . — a s s . ,
M
Raleigh, N. C. , Aug. 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
Richmond, V a . , Nov. 1967 1 ---------------------------------R o c h e s t e r, N Y . (office occupations only), Ju ly 1968 l„
Rockford, 111. , May 1968 1______________________ ______
St. L o u is , Mo. — , Ja n . 1968------------------------------111.
Salt L ak e City, Utah, Dec. 1967______________________
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1968_________________________
San Bernardin o— iv e r s id e —
R
Ontario, Calif. ,
Oct. 1968 1--------------------------------------------------------San Diego, Calif. , Nov. 1968_________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, Calif. , Ja n . 1968____________
San J o s e , C alif. , Sept. 1 9 6 8 __________________________
Savannah, Ga. , May 1968 1 ______ _____________ _______
Scranton, Pa. , Ju ly 1968 1_______________________ ____
Seattle— v e re tt, Wash. , Nov. 1967 1 _________________
E
Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak. , Oct. 1968 1 ______________ _____
South Bend, Ind. , M ar. 1968 1________________________
Spokane, Wash. , June 1968 __________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , Ju ly 1 9 6 8 * ---------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1968 _____________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , Fe b . 1968______________________
Trenton, N. J . , Oct. 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
Utica— o m e , N. Y. , Ju ly 1968 1 _______________________
R
Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , Sept. 1968 _____________
Waterbury, Conn. , A p r. 1968 1 _______________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1968 1 __________________________
Wichita, Kans. , D e c . 1967___________________________
W orc e ste r, M a s s . , June 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________
York, P a . , Fe b . 1968 * _______________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1967 1 _________ ____

Bulletin number
and price
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1575-35,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
1575-37,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1625-23,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1625-31,
1575-31,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1575-25,

40
30
25
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
20
30
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F FIC IA L




BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
M F IR S T C LASS M A IL