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Public Library

A re a WagejuS w v e y

The Waterbury, Connecticut, Metropolitan Area
M arch

B u lle tin

1 9 6 9

No. 1 6 2 5 -5 0




U N IT E D STATES DEPAR TM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R E G IO N

in

P H IL A D E L P H IA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
T h e

W a te rb u ry ,




C o n n e c tic u t,

M e tr o p o lita n

A re a

M arch 1 9 6 9

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 - 5 0
June 1969

U N IT E D STATES D E PA R TM EN T OF LABOR
George P. S h ultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cent*




Contents

Preface

P a g e

B u r e a u

sig n e d

to

p ro v id e

lish m e n t
y ie ld s
of

the

a r e a s

b y

fo r

an d

A t
letin

A

rou n d
T h e

of

a r e a s

p a r t

stu d ied

ro p o lita n

in to

a r e a

e ac h

b u lletin .
b e e n

to

T h e

re la te

to

fr o m

is

p a r t

b u l­

E sta b lish m e n ts

2.

In d e x es
h o u rly

A .

g r a m .

In

e ac h

c o lle c te d

a r e a ,

in

A r e a ,

a s

Ja n u a r y

b o ro u g h

of N a u g a tu c k ;

an d

the

L itc h fie ld
r e a u 's

fo r

of

of

d efin ed

w o r k e r s

sta n d a rd

of

w e e k ly

fo r

ch an ge

O c c u p a tio n a l
O ffice

fo r

A -2 .

P r o fe s s io n a l

A -3 .

O ffic e ,

of

su rv e y

and

s a la r ie s

se le c te d
fo r

an d

o c c u p a tio n a l

se le c te d

2

str a ig h t-tim e

p e r io d s

g r o u p s,

and

___________________________________________

4

o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

A -4 .

M ain ten an ce

A -5 .

C u sto d ia l

an d

an d

te c h n ic a l

w o m e n ____________________________________________
o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

5

an d

w o m e n ________________________________________________________________________________________________

m e n

p r e s e n ts
m e t ­

an d

sc o p e

e a r n in g s:

A - l.

a

w ith in

the

p r o fe s s io n a l,
an d

w o m e n
an d

an d

an d

te c h n ic a l

o c c u p a tio n s—

c o m b i n e d __________________________________________________________

p o w e rp la n t

m a te r ia l

o c c u p a tio n s

m o v e m e n t

_________________________________

o c c u p a tio n s

_____________________

P a u l

V.

in

T h e

b y

the

of
of

of

city

B e a c o n

w a s

the

B u r e a u

in

an d

su r v e y

of

of

A ss is ta n t

B u d g et

C h e sh ir e ,

u n d er

b y
the

R e g io n a l

N O T E :

C oun ty;

W o o d b u ry

co n d u cted

M a s s .,

the

W a te rb u ry ;

H av e n

an d

in

M e tro p o li­

the

a r e a s .

in

B u ­

(See

A

g e n e ra l

is

D ire c to r

a lso

(M a rc h

O p e ra tio n s.




d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________________________________

e a rn in g s

F a lls ,

N ew

W aterto w n ,

B o sto n ,

M u lk e rn ,

O c c u p a tio n a l

p r o ­

p r a c tic e s

S ta n d a rd

the

W o lco tt

stu d y

the

o c c u p a tio n a l

r e s u lts

tow n s

an d

T h is

o ffic e

on

in

b ie n n ia lly .

c o n s ists
th e

in clu d ed

e sta b lish m e n t

1969.

T h o m a sto n ,

C oun ty.

re g io n a l

d ire c tio n

1968,

P r o s p e c t,

tow n s

a r e

p r e s e n ts

M a r c h

th rou gh

M id d le b u ry ,

on

p r o v isio n s

b u lletin

C o n n .,

S ta tistic a l

an d

w a g e

T h is
W a te rb u ry ,

c u rre n tly

in fo rm a tio n

an n u ally

su p p le m e n ta ry

tan

an d

e a r n in g s

p e rc e n ts

A p p en d ix .
a r e a s

1

3

1

S ta te s.

N in ety

is

g r o u p s ________________________________________________

s t u d i e d ____________________________________________________________________________________________

of

issu e d .

re g io n s

o c c u p a tio n a l

A fte r

in d iv id u a l

g e o g ra p h ic

se le c te d

n u m b e r

m e tro p o lita n

se c o n d

p r o je c te d

a r e a

b u lle tin s

the

1.

is

s tr u c ­

b u lletin

of

fo r

T a b le s :

d iv isio n s.

stu d ied .

a r e a

the

w a g e s

in d iv id u a l

s u m m a r y

fo r

fo r

of

an

a r e a

It

the

(2)

tre n d s

e ac h

p r o g r a m

in d u stry

in d iv id u a l

d a ta

an d

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
W age

e s t a b ­

an d

the

an d

e ac h

d e ­

fo r

m o v e m e n t

le v e l,

su rv e y ,
fo r

an d

d iv isio n

in

an n u al
is

p r o v isio n s.

re g io n s,

the

a r e a s

tw o -p a rt

h a s

d a ta

(l)

sk ill

e ac h

one

w h ich

in to

an d

the

a

in d u stry

g e o g ra p h ic

r e su lts

b rin g s

w a g e

of

a r e a s

e a r n in g s,

c o n sid e ra tio n

a m o n g

of

of

s u r v e y s ,

in fo rm a tio n

U n ite d

end

a ll

o c c u p a tio n a l

in sig h t

su r v e y

of

fir s t

fo r

m a jo r

p r o g r a m

m e tro p o lita n

s e le c te d

c a te g o r y

the

S ta tis tic s

in

su p p le m e n ta ry

of w a g e s

p r e s e n ts

c o m p le tio n

on

b y

g r e a te r

le v e l

L a b o r

an d

stu d ied ,

o c c u p a tio n a l

tu re

d a ta

d a ta

S ta te s.

n e ed

of

su r v e y s

p r a c tic e s

d e ta ile d

U n ite d
the

w a g e

O '•O 00

T h e
o c c u p a tio n a l

M
i

S im ila r
in sid e

c u rre n t
a v a ila b le
1 969).

tab u latio n s

b a c k

re p o rt
fo r

a r e

a v a ila b le

fo r

o th er

c o v e r.)

on

e a rn in g s

se le c te d

fo o d

in

the

W a te rb u ry

s e r v ic e

a r e a

o c c u p a tio n s

11

7




Area Wage Survey---The Waterbury, Conn., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is
B u r e a u
an d

of

a r e a

L a b o r

re la te d

b e n e fits

T h is
e a rn in g s
v isite d

B u r e a u

the

p o rta tio n ,

tio n s

to

ten d

to

the

in d u stry

o p tim u m

la r g e

th an

h o w e v e r,
tim a te s

of

e x ce p t

fo r

on

an d

T h e

m ain te n an ce

an d

tio n s
w ith in
an d

title s

a r e

o c c u p a tio n s,

co n d u cted

at

the

O ffice

in

a re

u n u su al

in

is

a n c e s

ch an g e s

a r e

se le c te d

liste d

in

an d

is

the

a

o m itted

fo r

b a s is

e ac h

T h e

(4)

fo r

of

of

a

w e igh t.

E s ­

co m b in ed .

d e sc r ib e d ,
in

o c c u p a tio n

c o m m o n
an d

o r

so m e

set

sm a ll

fo r

p a id

a r e

of

d is c lo s u r e

but

in clu d e d .

of

h ou r)

ra te s).

ro u n d ed

fo r

is

the

late

a llo w ­

the

w h ich

a re

sta n d ­

e m p lo y e e s
of

p ay

w e ek ly

n e a r e s t

p r e ­

and

h o u rs

to

(e x c lu siv e

A v e ra g e

to

ex clu d e

w e ek ly

fo r

sc h e d u le

c o st-o f-liv in g

re fe re n c e

s a la r ie s

sh ow n

h o lid a y s,

W h ere

h alf

a re

w e ek ly

d ata

w e e k e n d s,

o c c u p a tio n s,

b ee n

d ata

re g u la r

E a rn in g s

on

n e a re st

of

stu d y

ta b le s

fo r

su r v e y
in

fo r

e arn in g s

h alf

d o llar.

a lly

d u ties

the

liste d

im p o rta n c e

of

b e c a u se

stru c tu re

jo b
the

so m e

sa m p le

of

E sta b lish m e n t

sc o p e

of

the

not

jo b s

affe c t

of

of

stu d ied .

an d

stu d y

c o n trib ­

a c tu a l

in

ra te s

d u ties

p e r ­

w ith in

the

c la ssify in g

e m ­

th an

u se d

th o se

d iffe re n c e s

in

the

not

am o n g

to

stru c tu re

of

W age

in

the

in

the

all

a c tu ­
am o n g

o b tain ed

in d icate

d iffe re n c e s

a c c u r a c y

total

n u m b er

e m p lo y m e n t

o n ly

S u p p le m e n ta ry

the

the

o cc u p a tio n a l

s e r v e

T h e se

r e p r e se n t
an d

o ccu p atio n al

m a te r ia lly

P r a c t ic e s

m in o r

be

w ith in

p e rfo r m e d .

the

stu d ied

in

g e n e ra liz e d

fo r

e stim a te s

d iffe re n c e s

e stim a te s

e sta b lish m e n ts

of

do

the

d u ties

e m p lo y m e n t
the

m o r e

allo w

the

sp e c ific

u se d

not

s e x e s
m a y

in

le v e ls

D iffe re n c e s

o n ly

in

jo b s

sh o u ld

w h ich

jo b .

re fle c t

p ay

a p p ro p ria te ly

d e sc r ip tio n s

an d

sp e c ific

B e c a u s e

in

the

d iffe re n c e s
c la s sifie d

the

w ith in

su rv e y e d .

sin c e

to

a m o n g

in clu d e :

an d

O c cu p atio n al
e sta b lish m e n ts

fa c to rs

w o m en

a r e

u su a lly

fa il

th e

jo b

e ac h

a v e r a g e

of

e s t i­

an d

fo r

o ccu p atio n s

w o r k e r s

a re

in

tre a tm e n t

c o llec te d ;

su r v e y s

m a y

m ain ta in e d

r a n g e s,

Jo b

lev e l

e stim a te s

a v e r a g e s

p o ssib le
an d

a re a w id e

p ay

d iffe re n c e s

p ay

ra te

in

the

se le c te d

in

m e n

e sta b lish e d

the

in

the

O th er
fo r

e sta b lish m e n ts

e sta b lish m e n ts

(3)

of

d e sc rip tio n .

th e se

in d iv id u a l

o r

the

S im ila r ly ,

an y

p ay

a re

jo b

to

d iffe re n tial

in

in

alth o u g h

d iffe re n tly

d iffe re n c e s

w ith in

d iffe r

fr o m

e sta b lish m e n ts.

e sta b lish m e n ts,

d iv isio n s

p ro v id e

w o m e n

d e s c r ip ­

a re

e sta b lish m e n ts

c o m p o site ,

sp r e a d

re fle c t

d iffe re n c e s

fo l­

m o v e m e n t.

jo b

to

re fle c t

o b tain ab le

w ag e

in cu m b en ts

sa m e

v a rie ty

te c h n ic a l;

the

p re se n te d

co n trib u te

fro m

re la tiv e

o ccu p atio n al

e a rn in g s

d ata.

P r o v isio ns

w ith in
e ith er

en ou gh

T a b u la tio n s

d ata

m e n ta ry
b u lletin .

w a g e

on

1

se le c te d

p r o v isio n s

In fo rm a tio n

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s o n
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o ffice w o r k e r s;
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U .S. De­
partment of Labor.
p r e se n te d
(in th e B - s e




a

e x clu d ed ,

p r e m iu m

h av e

an d

th u s,

an d

fo rm e d ,

a r e a ,

the

fo llo w in g

d ata

to

a

of

v a ria tio n

in d u stry

A - s e r ie s
too

an d

d a ta

E a rn in g s

fo r

the
is

se le c te d

to

a r e

m a te r ia l

u n ifo rm

e a rn in g s

to

p lo y e e s

in te re sta b lish m e n t

T h e

a re

the

e sta b lish m e n ts.

p r o g r e s sio n

th e re fo re ,
an d

m e n

ute

stu d ied .

an d

to

a n d /o r

re la tio n sh ip

in d iv id u a l

of

d ata,

g ro u p in g

p a y

a s su m e d

T o

the

p r e se n te d ,

p r o fe ssio n a l

on

e a rn in g s

w o rk

str a ig h t-tim e

a v e r a g e s

an d,

in d iv id u a l

p ro p o rtio n

a p p ro p ria te

c u sto d ial

to

w o rk

c le r ic a l

o c c u p a tio n s

a c c u ra te ly

of

b e c a u se

co m b in in g

in d u strie s,

(2)

r e g u la r

In d u strie s

staffin g

stu d ied

e sta b lish m e n ts.

a r e

th e se

m a te s.

c rite ria .

g r e a te r

a re

at

fo r

e a rn in g s

re g u la r

p o ssib ility

an d

h ire d

b o n u se s

o ffice

is

c la ssific a tio n .

and

(ro u n d ed

th e ir

T h e

b e c a u se

o c c u p a tio n s

In

fo r

w o rk w e ek

fo r

E sta b lish m e n ts

p ro v id e d

a ll

stu d y

o c c u p a tio n s

p re se n te d

th e

in cen tiv e
a s

o v e rtim e

th o se

o v e rtim e

N o n p ro d u c tio n
an d

th e re

e m p lo y m e n t

i.e .,

o c c u p a tio n a l

fo r

(2)

d ata.

M a jo r

a re

in d u stry

siz e

fo r

b a se d

a p p en d ix .

an d
not

g iv e n

o p e r a ­

sa m p le

th e ir

stu d ied

c le r ic a l;

in d u strie s

w o r k e r s,

re c e iv e

tra d e ;

s e r v ic e s .

p u b licatio n
a

a r d

e s t a b ­
t r a n s ­

g o v e rn m en t

the

stu d ied .

in

an d

a r e

in

c o st,

giv e n

o r

e sta b lish m e n t

p ay

sh ifts.

in

T h e

the

m iu m

fo r

m a d e

w h o le sa le

in d u strie s.

su rv e y in g

m in im u m

acco u n t

the

all

e m p lo y m e n t

e sta te ;

on

m in im u m

p o w erp lan t;

in

a re

w e re

re p r e se n ta tiv e

of w o rk e r s

n o n m an u factu rin g

jo b .

fo r

su r v e y

M an u fa ctu rin g ;

stu d ie s

m e e t

e sta b lish m e n ts

tak e

o ccu p atio n s

(1)

an d

p re se n ta tio n ,

fu ll-tim e

an d

E a rn in g s

sa m e

the

r e a l

tab u latio n s

in v o lv ed

b elo w

m e r it

in d iv id u a l

e sta b lish m e n ts

v isits

u tilitie s;

e m p lo y m e n t

w h ich

a r e

p u b lic

n u m b er

e sta b lish m e n ts

to

d e sc r ib e d

the

re p o rtin g

fr o m

e x tra c tiv e

S e p a ra te

c la ssific a tio n

d e sig n e d

e m p lo y m e n t

p re v io u s

P e r so n a l

d iv isio n s:

an d

e sta b lish m e n ts

(1)

O ccu p atio n al

fr o m
la st

stu d y .

th e se

an d

o c c u p a tio n s

ty p e s:

m a il
the

o b tain ed

fr o m

d iv isio n s

the

a ll

th o se

b y

o th er

in su fficien t

c o st

m an u fa c tu rin g

lo w in g

an d

a c c u r a c y

to

O ccu p atio n s

of

a r e

e sta b lish m e n ts

b a se d

re la tin g

to

L a b o r 's
e a rn in g s

O c cu p atio n al

in

in d u stry

p r e s c r ib e d

s m a ll

a ll

of

o c c u p a tio n a l

re p o rte d ,

d ata

su r v e y s

u n n e c e s sa r y

o b tain

a s

a

fu rn ish

T h e se

of

o c c u p a tio n a l

re sp o n d e n ts

in su ra n c e ,

in clu sio n .

b ro a d

la r g e ly

e a r lie r

b ro a d

e x c lu d ed

th an

c u rre n t

th o se

c o n stru c tio n

fe w e r

w a rr a n t

the

th at

a r e a ,

fin a n c e ,

the

D e p a rtm e n t

b a s i s .1

e c o n o m ists

to

U .S .

su rv e y .

s ix

g ro u p s

an d

h av in g

in

the

su r v e y s

a re a w id e

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

tra d e ;

in d u stry

th ey

e ac h

w h ich

p r e se n ts

an d

w ith in

in

co n d u cts

o b tain ed

re p o rte d

In

90

an

fie ld

p re v io u s

lish m e n ts

re ta il

on

b u lletin

n o n re sp o n d e n ts

sin c e

1 of

in fo rm a tio n
b y

o c c u p a tio n s
to

is

S ta tistic s

fo r

th e se

m in im u m
sh ift
s;

e sta b lish m e n t

( B - s e r ie s

a r e

tab u latio n s
e n tra n c e

d iffe re n tia ls;

an d

r ie s

ta b le s)

h ealth ,

tab le s)

in

p r a c tic e s
not

is

co lle c te d

s a la r ie s
sc h e d u le d

in su ra n c e ,
p re v io u s

an d

and

p re se n te d

fo r

th is

b ie n n ia lly .

in e x p e rie n c e d

w e ek ly

h o u rs;

p e n sio n

b u lletin s

su p p le ­
in

fo r

p lan s
.th is

p aid
a re

a re a .

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d in W a t e r b u r y ,
b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 M a r c h 1969

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in sc o p e
o f stu dy

Industry division

All

_
_

N u m ber of establish m e n ts

C onn., 1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
of study*

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

__________________________________

.

157

67

43, 300

100

3 1 ,9 3 0

M anufacturing___________________________
Nonm anufacturing— —
__- — ____
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u t iliti e s 5 _
_ ______________
W holesale t r a d e 6 — ____ ____
________
R etail trad e 6______________________________
Finance, in su ran ce, and re a l estate 6 _____
S e r v i c e s 6 7------------------------------------------

50
-

105
52

39
28

35, 800
7, 500

83
17

27 ,1 0 0
4, 830

50
50
50
50
50

9
5
'24
6
8

7
2
10
4
5

2, 000
400
3, 000
1,200
900

4

1 ,9 2 0
1 40
1, 3 6 0
880
530

div isio n s

1
7
3
2

1 Th e W a te r b u r y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin ed b y the B u r e a u of the B u d g e t t h rou gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of the c ity of
W a t e r b u r y ; b o r o u g h o f N a u g a t u c k ; the t o w n s o f B e a c o n F a l l s , C h e s h i r e , M id d l e b u r y , P r o s p e c t , a n d W o lc o tt in N e w H a v e n C o u n t y ; a n d the to w n s of
T h o m a s t o n , W ate rto w n , and W oodbu ry in L it c h f ie ld County . Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y " e s t i m a t e s show n in th is tab le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y
a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s
a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
t he u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t he s c o p e
of the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n of the S t a n d a r d I n d u st r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M an u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by in d u s t r y d iv isio n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A ll o u tle ts (within the a r e a ) of c o m p a n i e s in such
in d u s t r ie s a s tra d e , fin an ce, auto r e p a i r s e r v ic e , and m otio n p ictu re t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (with in the a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
* T h is i n d u s t r y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s ; (1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s no t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7
H o t e ls and m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n ta l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; non profit
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t i o n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n iz a t i o n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r f o u r - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the W a t e r b u r y a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llow in g p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
and sp e c ific in d u s trie s a s a p e rc e n t of a ll m an u fa ctu rin g;
Industry gro u p s

Specific in dustries

F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ________23
In stru m e n ts and re la te d
p r o d u c t s _______________________________ 15
R u b b e r a n d p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s -------15
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s __________14
E l e c t r ic a l equ ipm ent and
s u p p l i e s ________________________________
C h e m ic a ls and allie d
p r o d u c t s _______________________________
M isce llan eo u s m anufacturing
i n d u s t r i e s _____________________________

7
5

M e t a l s t a m p i n g s ____________________17
N o n f e r r o u s r o llin g and
d r a w i n g _______________________________
13
R u b b e r f o o t w e a r ____________________13
W atches, c lo c k s , and
w a t c h c a s e s _________________________ 7
I n d u s t r i a l c h e m i c a l s _____________ 5
M ech a n ica l m e a s u r in g and
c o n t r o l d e v i c e s ___________________ 5

5

T h is i n f o r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e se n te d
in

a v e r a g e

an d

in

a v e r a g e

a r e

a

m e a s u r e

w a g e s

y ie ld s
d ate

the

w ag e

the

b a se
an d

in d ex .

c h a n g e s
of

m e a s u r e

M eth od

of

in

of

fo r

2

th e

la te r

is

the

fo r
e ac h
fo r

by

le s s

100

n ext

y e a r 's

the

w a g e s

the

g ro u p s.

a r e a

fr o m

of

d a te s.

fo r
in

the
the

the

p e rio d

in c r e a s e

th ey

to

not

e sta b lish m e n ts

in

of

e a c h

c le r ic a l

r e g u la r

e a rn in g s

p ay

in

fo r

sh ifts.

p a tio n s

to

to

c h a n g e s

p r e m iu m
la te

the

re la te

e stim a te s
a r e

m e a s u r e

in d ex

o ffice

re la te

e x c lu siv e

of

co n d u cted

fr o m

b a se

o r

F o r
tre n d s

in d e x e s

p e rc e n t

su r v e y

T h e se

a r e a ;

a

ch an ge
n u r s e s ,

T h e

a s

100

the

ch an ge

in d ic a te d

c h a n g e s

k ey

w eigh t

b a se d

g ro u p .

of

m u ltip ly in g

by

the

o c c u p a tio n s

fo r

the

th e

b a se

an d

w e re

w e ig h ts

w e re

b y

an d

fo r

an d

m o s t

in d u stria l
fo r

F o r

fo r

a r e

o f

w o rk

b a se d

the

the

p lan t

str a ig h t- tim e

p e rc e n ta g e s

in clu d e

an d

s a la r ie s

o v e r tim e .

a v e r a g e

o v e rtim e

T h e

w o rk e r s

w e ek ly

w o rk e r

h o u rly

on

on

n u r s e s ,

n o rm a l

fo r

n u m e ric a lly

w age

g r o u p s,

e a r n in g s,

w e e k e n d s,

d ata

th e

w o rk w eek ,
they

e x clu d in g

h o lid a y s,

se le c te d

im p o rtan t

k ey

an d
o c c u ­

jo b s

w ith in

gro u p .

a r e

in ten d e d
the

a r e a .

L im ita tio n s

d iv id in g

y e a r 's

u se d

in

w eigh t,

to

T h e

the

of

D ata

in d ex .

the

the

th e

tio n s

in d ex

th at

re la tiv e

in

in

th ou gh

the

h av e

m a y

h av e

e n te re d

a r e a

c h a n g e s

clu d e d
in

in

of

the

p ay

jo b ,

the

la b o r

fo r c e

fo r c e
b y

c a u se

a c tu a l

d e c lin e d

ex p an d ed

pay

(3)

an d

w age
in

an

w ith

w o rk

b e c a u se

It

g a v e

fo r c e s .

y et

the

in d i­

the

tu rn ­

p r o p o r ­

p ay

le v e ls.

d e c r e a s e s

c h a n g e s.

is

of
an d

a v e r a g e

la b o r

in

d iffe re n t
o r

b y

in

fr o m

in

the

c o n c e iv a b le

w ag e

lo w e r-p a y in g

co n stan t,

s a la r y

re c e iv e d

c h a n g e s

a r e a

m e a s u r e s

c h a n g e s

in c r e a s e s

b e c a u se

th e ir

in

a s

g e n e ra l

re su ltin g

e sta b lish m e n ts

c a n

(1)

an d

re d u c tio n s,

re la tiv e ly

c o n stan t

p ro p o rtio n
T h e

fo r

in c r e a s e s ,

e sta b lish m e n ts

S im ila rly ,

a v e r a g e s

h ig h e r-p a y in g

o v e rtim e .
in d e x e s

W h ere

an d
in

of

w o rk e r s

p e rc e n ta g e s

w o rk

fo r

w a g e s
a n

a r e a

e sta b lish m e n ts

sc o p e

of

of
th e

ch an ge

h o u rs.

n e c e s s a r y ,

d ata
ch an ge

su rv e y .

w eigh ts

e lim in a te s

re p r e se n te d

of

sc h e d u le s,

p e rc e n ta g e s

the

e m p lo y m e n t

str a ig h t-tim e

sta n d a rd

the

c h a n g e s

sa m e

e sta b lish m e n ts

d ata.

fo r

b y

in c r e a s e s

the

c o n sid e r a b ly

u se

the

in

o th e r

c h an g e ,

by:

a r e a .

in

a v e r a g e

c h a n g e s

of

in flu en ced

w ith o u t

h av e

o r

r is e n

the

o r

fo r c e

a ll

m a y

re m a in e d

T h e
of

la b o r

a v e r a g e s

e n te re d

p e rc e n ta g e s
a r e

e m p lo y e d

the

w a g e s

m a y

3

in

w o rk e r s

ev e n

m e r it

w h ile

e x p a n sio n s,

a v e r a g e

tre n d s:

(2)

c h a n g e s

to

o c c u p a tio n a l

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographer, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Pipefitters
Cleiks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




of

C h an g e s

e a rn in g s

w age

due
fo r c e

an d

a v e r a g e s ,

w o rk e r s

o v e r,

fo r

in d e x e s

a r e a

c h a n g e s,

w a g e s

(com pou n d )

A v e ra g e

in

v id u a l

re su ltan t

. T h e

(100) b y

co m p u tin g

an d

w age

fo r

a g g r e g a te s

T h e

m u ltip ly

T h e
ch an ge

y e a r

a g g r e g a te

ch an g e .

re la tiv e

b a se

e a r n in g s

y e a r .

p e rc e n ta g e

y e a r

o c c u p a tio n a l
e m p lo y m e n t

re fle c t

(m e an )

to taled .

e a r lie r

co n tin u in g

p re v io u s

a n

o c c u p a tio n a l

the

the

w ith in

p ro p o rtio n a te

a v e r a g e

g ro u p

re la te d

sh o w s

y e a r

its

co n stan t

b y

the

w e re

p e rc e n t,

re la tiv e

fo llo w in g

in

a g g r e g a te

su c c e e d in g

on

T h e

m u ltip lie d

y e a r s
the

T h e se

o c c u p a tio n s

p o ssib le .

o c c u p a tio n s

y e a r

p ro d u ct

the

of

of

in d u stria l

e x p r e s s e d

S u b tra c tin g

se le c te d

w e re

a ll

c o n se c u tiv e

re la tiv e ,

the

w h e re v e r

o c c u p a tio n

fo r

in

a v e r a g e s

a

o c c u p a tio n a l

p ro d u c ts

(d ate

1 961).

p e rc e n ta g e s
an d

w o rk e r

tim e ,

p e rc e n ta g e s

p ay

th e

a s sig n e d

e m p lo y m e n ts
e a c h

p lan t

g iv e n

an d

w o rk e r s

C o m p u tin g

w a s

the

a

ch an ge

in

in d e x e s

se le c te d

at

p e rio d

b etw e en

a v e r a g e

a r e

c le r ic a l

Ju n e

T h e

ch an ge

E a c h
g ro u p

of

w a g e s

p e rc e n ta g e

the

m e a s u r e s
to

of

2

o ffice

I9 6 0

Ju ly

of

tab le

of

e a rn in g s

d u rin g

b etw e en

in

s a la r ie s

T h ey

a s

su ch ,

w e re
an y

in

re fle c t
a r e
o r

a d ju ste d

the

e ac h
o n ly

effe ct

jo b

not

in flu en ce d

b y

p r e m iu m

to

sig n ific a n t

re m o v e
e ffe ct

in ­

c h a n g e s
by
pay
fro m
c a u se d

4

T a b le

2.

In d e x es
in

of S ta n d a rd

W a te rb u ry ,

W eek ly

C o n n .,

M a r c h

S a la r ie s
1969

an d

and

S tra ig h t- T im e

A p ril

1968,

an d

H o u rly

E a rn in g s

P e r c e n ts

of

fo r

S e le c te d

C h a n g e 1

fo r

In d e x es
(M a rc h

In d u stry

an d

o c c u p a tio n a l

A p ril
A p ril

1969

1968

M a r c h

A ll

1968

to

M a r c h

1967

of

M a r c h

to
1969

A p ril

G ro u p s

P e r io d s

P e r c e n ts

1961 = 100)

g ro u p
M a r c h

O c c u p a tio n a l

S e le c te d

ch an g

e 1

1966

M a r c h

to
1968

M a r c h

1965

M a rc h

to
1967

M a r c h

1964

to
1966

M a r c h

1965

in d u strie s:
O ffice

c le r ic a l

In d u stria l
S k ille d

(m en

n u r s e s

m a in te n a n c e

U n sk ille d

p lan t

an d

(m en )

2.1

2 .8

6.1

1 .9

2 .4

3 .9

3 .1

2 .6
1.8

_______

1 2 8 .7

1 2 2 .4

5 .2

4 .5

____

1 2 8 .0

1 2 1 .7

5 .1

3 .5

1 3 0 .8

1 2 5 .4

4 .3

1 2 0 .6

1 1 6 .3

3 .6

6 .8
2 .6

_______

w o m e n )

1 2 7 .2

1 2 0 .8

5 .3

4 .2

____

1 2 8 .3

1 2 2 .5

4 .7

3 .5

5 .6

2 .9

2 .0

1 3 0 .0

1 2 4 .7

4 .3

6 .7

4 .0

3 .0

2 .5

1 2 2 .4

1 1 8 .5

3 .3

4 .5

1 .7

2 .0

1.8

(m en an d w o m e n )

_________________

( m e n ) _____________________________

3 .7

2—.6

4 .0

M an u f a c tu rin g :
O ffice

c le r ic a l

In d u stria l
S k ille d

(m e n

n u r s e s

m ain te n a n c e

U n sk ille d

p lan t

an d

w o m e n )

(m e n an d w o m e n )
(m en )

_________________

( m e n ) _____________________________

M a r c h

1963

M a r c h

1962

A ll

M a r c h

to

to
M a r c h

1.8

3 .4

1964

M a r c h

1961

to
1963

M a r c h

1962

2 .3

M a r c h

I9 6 0
to

M a r c h

1961

in d u strie s:
O ffice

c le r ic a l

In d u stria l
S k ille d

(m e n

n u r s e s

m ain te n a n c e

U n sk ille d

p lan t

an d

(m e n

w o m e n )

an d

(m en )

_
_

3 .1

________
___ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ______________________________________

w o m e n )

3 .5

2 .2

1 .5

_________

( m e n ) ______________________________ —

—

1 .4

—

1.6
2 .6

2 .7

0

2 .9

3 .5

2 .7

2 .2
5 .5

2 .8
1.8

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffice

c le r ic a l

In d u stria l
S k ille d

(m e n

n u r s e s

m ain te n a n c e

U n sk ille d

A ll

p lan t




(m e n )

a r e

d e c r e a s e

3 .0

3 .0

___

.5

3 .0

______

1 .3

2.1

2 .8

2 .7

.5

3 .3

3 .4

2 .8

w o m e n )
___________

in c r e a s e s

la r g e ly

1.6

________

w o m e n )

an d

( m e n ) __________________________

c h a n g e s

T h is

an d

(m e n

u n le ss

r e fle c ts

o th e rw ise

c h a n g e s

in

3 .1

in d icate d .

e m p lo y m e n t

b etw e en

h ig h -

an d

lo w -w a g e

e sta b lish m e n ts

ra th e r

th an

w a g e

2 .3
4 .9

d e c r e a s e s .

5
A. Occupational Earnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r c h 1969)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of-

$
weekly
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Under
$

65

65

MEN
19

4 0 .0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

28

3 9.5

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

70

$

%

75

80

t

$

85

90

$

$

i

95

100

105

$

no

s

$

115

t

$

12 5

12 0

130

*

S

i

140

1 35

S
150

1 45

t
160

155

and
under

70

CLERKS,

$

t

and

75

80

$
$
131 .0 0 1 2 9.00

9 2 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

2

2

4

1 0 3.00

1 0 7 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

90

95

100

105

$
$
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

89 .5 0

85

no

120

1 25

130

13 5

140

2

H i.

l

5

1

150

155

160

1

2

2

-

-

-

2

3

145

over

WOMEN

17

4 0 .0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

18

4 0 .0

87.50

87.5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

92
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 10.00
109.00

1 1 0.00
1 0 8.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 34
10 A
30

3 9.5
39 .5
3 9 .0

89.0 0
90.5 0
84 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------

15

4 0 .0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

30
24

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

4

6

-

1

-

-

2

2

l

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

5

-

3

1

1

-

-

-

3
2

6

1

5

2

-

2
2

8
8

14
14

11
11

10
10

8
8

15
13

4
4

9
8

4
4

1
1

4

6

16
14
2

15
11
4

5
3
2

2

-

2
2

-

-

i
i

-

15
13
2

4
4

5

34
32
2

13
13

4

15
10
5

2

-

~

“

2

i

-

3

2

5

1

-

-

3

7
7

7
5

3
3

2
2

3
3

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

2

-

-

3
1

5
5

24
19

8
8

12
12

1L
11

2
2

2
2

12
10

5
5

10
8

11

13
13

6
4

10
10

2
2

l
1

2
2

2
2

-

9

13
13

-

~

“

2
2

10
10

12
12

4
4

7
7

6
6

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

17
14

31
30

35
30

13

26
22

35
35

10
10

19
19

9

5
5

1

-

5
5

-

“

7
3

-

2
2

12
12

9
7

“

2
2

4
4

1
1

5
5

16
16

98.5 0
99 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

2

94 .0 0

95.0 0

8 6 .5 0 -

99.0 0

3 9.5
4 0 .0

84 .0 0
84 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

92.0 0
9 3 .0 0

70
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
98.5 0

96.0 0
9 8 .5 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

91
81

3 9.5
3 9.5

100 .5 0
102.00

10 1 .5 0

1 0 2.50

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------- ---

46
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
97.0 0

9 5 .00
9 5 .00

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

69
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

88 .5 0
90.0 0

8 8 .5 0
89.5 0

8 2 .5 0 8 3 .5 0 -

SE C R E T A R I E S 3--------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

3 11
274

3 9.5
4 0 .0

122 .5 0
1 2 4.50

122 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

31
26

3 9.5
3 9.5

1 4 4.50
147.50

1 3 8.00
1 4 2.50

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------- ---

57
47

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

128.00
1 3 1.00

1 2 3.00
1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

_

_

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------

84
83

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 27.00
1 2 6.50

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

_

_

SECRETARIES, CL AS S D
MANUFACTURING ------

124
103

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

112 .5 0
114.50

111 .5 0
11 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

_

_

i

~

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NUFACTURING ------

118

4 0 .0
4 0.0

9 7 .0 0
97 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

_

-

4

~

3




-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

1

1
1

8 1 .0 0 8 2 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 -

2

-

-

1
1

87.0 0
8 8 .5 0
79 .5 0

S e e f o o t n o te s a t end o f t ab l e.

-

3

-

9 7 .0 0
99.0 0

-

_

94.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

113

8 1 .5 0 -

4

2
2

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
2

5
4

16
12

13
12

10
7

8
7

10
10

_

i

4
2

14
12

11
10

18
14

24
21

21
15

~

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

-

~
-

~

“

“

1

-

“

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

1

-

-

~

-

-

■
-

~
-

-

“

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

4
4

5
5

6
6

4
2

10
8

6
5

11

27
25

13
12

_

-

-

11

_

2

9

3

3

4

-

4

5
5

_

4

-

4

4
4

8
8

3
3

9
7

14

16
13

9
6

8
7

15
13

6
5

19
19

10
10

12
12

10
10

_

1

-

3
3

“

u

ii

11

“

n
n
_

9

8
8

15
14

2
2

2
2

47
7

3
3

2
2

5
5

4
4

5
5

12
12

3
3

-

4
3

9
9

3
3

2
2

i
i

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

"
-

~

”
-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Waterbury, Conn. , M a r c h 1969)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
N um ber

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
f standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

$

of
workers

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

** ,
65
U nder
$
and
65
under

70

_________70

Sex, occupation, and industry division

75

$

75

$

80

$

$

85

90

1

$

95

$

100

$

105

~

$

110

$

115

120

i

125

130

135

$

140

S

145

S

150

1 ---------1
------

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

5
5

3

155

160

—
80

155

and

160

over

2

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
$
$
40.0 110.00 108.50
40.0 110.00 109.00

95.50-125.50
96 .0 0-125.50

-

-

23
23

40.0 105.00 107.50 100.00-118.50
40.0 105-00 107.50 10 0.00-118.50

_

_

-

-

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

57
47

39.5
39.5

91.50
93.50

93.00
94.00

86.50-101.50
91.00- 10 3. 00

_

_

T R A N S C R I BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

21
21

40.0
40.0

87.50
87.50

90.00
90.00

74.00- 98.00
74.00- 98.00

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

108
88

40.0
40.0

91.00
92.50

89.50
91.50

85.00- 97.50
86.00-100.50

_

_

_

-

-

~

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

168
132
36

39.5
40.0
39.0

83-50
85.00
78.00

82.00
85.00
7 5.00

75.50- 93.00
77 .0 0- 95.00
69 .50- 80.00

i
-

16
7
9

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

102
92

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFA CT UR IN G --------- ------------

i

-

-

4
4

2
2

3
“

5
4

3
3

_

-

5
3

5
2

20
19

3
3

3

1

23
15

8

36
26
10

14
14

4
4

2
2

i
1

3

3
3

1

i
i

5
9
9

4
4

2
2

24
16

28
20

23
21

6
6

15
15

20
19
1

23
21
2

12
11
1

22
21
1

5
5

8

5
5

i
i

5

i
i

3

1
1

4
2

5

3
3

1

2
2

i

7

10
9

4
2

_

_

-

i

16
14

4
4

-

3

8
8

8

6

3
3

6

11
11

2

i
i
5
5
6
4
2

i
2
1
1

i
i

2
2

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r io v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m rates) , tnd the earnings corre spond
to these weekly hours.
2 The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers.
Th e me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. Th e middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the
higher rate.
3 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.
4 W o rk er s we re distributed as follows:
1 at $1 60 to $170; 2 at $1 70 to $180; 2 at $1 80 to $190; and 2 at $190 to $200.




7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , W a te r b u ry , C o n n ., M a rc h 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

S

$

$

$

weekly
hours1
'
standard)

$

t

$

»

*

$

$

t

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

$

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

250

100

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

250

260

-

“

_

”

“

2
2

1
1

~

1
1

1
1

11
11

3
3

6
6

3
3

1
1

“

A
A

2
2

2
2

1
1

9
9

A
A

5
5

*

“

-

-

-

95
Me,-2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

MEN

DRAFTSMEN, C L A S S A
MANUFACTURING —

38
38

$
$
$
AO. 0 18A . 00 181.00 16 A.00-212.50
AO.O 18A.OO 181.00 16 A.00 -212.50

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING —

93
93

AO. 0 1A2.50 1A5.00 12 1.50-163.50
AO.O IA2.50 1A5.00 12 1. 50-163.50

_
-

6
6

3
3

8
8

2
2

1A
1A

“

7
7

6
6

10
10

11
11

8
8

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C
MANUFACTURING -

26
26

AO.O 121.50 119.00 10 5. 00— 1A2.00
AO.O 121.50 119.00 10 5.00-1A2.00

2
2

5
5

A
A

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

A

2
2

1
1

30
29

AO.O 123.00 12A.50 11 7. 50 -1 29 .0 0
AO.O 122.00 1 2 A . 00 11 7. 50 -1 28 .5 0

1
1

9
9

A
A

9
9

3
3

i
i

A

WOMEN

N U R SE S, IN DUSTR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2
2

1

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e rtim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a rc h 1969)
A verage

A verage
N um ber

of
workers

W eekly

W eekly

hours 1
(standard)

39.5

$
89.50
103.00

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

28

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

17

N um ber

of

(standard)

*
o
o

Occupation and industry division

18

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

111
103

40.0 113.50
40.0 112.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B — — --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

139
107
32

39.5
39.5
39.0

88.50
90.00
83.50

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS A --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

16
15

40.0
40.0

96.00
92.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

32
26

39.5
40.0

83.50
84.50

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

76
63

40.0 101.00
40.0 100.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

91
81

39.5 100.50
39.5 102.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

46
46

40.0
40.0

o
o

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

87.50

97.00
97.00

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

- CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING ------------

69
56

40.0
40.0

$
88.50
90.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GI RL S---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

22
19

40.0
40.0

79.50
80.50

S E CR ET AR IE S2---MANUFACTURING

A verage

Occupation and industry division

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

23
21

$
40.0 101.00
40.0 101.00

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------- -------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

21
21

40.0
40.0

87.50
87.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -----------------------------

108
88

40.0
40.0

91.00
92.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

168
132
36

39.5
40.0
39.0

83.50
85.00
78.00

312
2 74

39.5 122.50
40.0 124.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------

31
26

39.5 144.50
39.5 147.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING ------

57
47

39.5 128.00
40.0 131.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

84
83

4C.0 127.00
40.0 126.50

125
103

39.5 112.50
40.0 114.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

118
113

40.0
40.0

97.00
97.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------

38
38

40.0 184.00
40.0 184.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----

102
92

40.0 110.00
40.0 110.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------

102
102

40.0 139.00
40.0 139.00

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

25
23

40.0 106.50
40.0 105.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

32
32

40.0 121.00
40.0 121.00

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR - r EC EP TIONISTSm a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

57
47

39.5
39.5

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

31
30

40.0 123.50
40.0 122.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0
MA NU FACTURING ------

91.50
93.50

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

1
S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the gs
n in
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
* M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r c h 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 1

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

'
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t
$
t
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
Under 2,20 2.30 2-40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3. 20
$
and
2.20 under
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3 . O0 3.10

C AR PEN TE RS » M AI NT E NA N C E --------------------MANUFACTURING --------- -------------------------

45
AS

$
3 .22
3.22

$
3.34
3.34

$
$
2 .9 0 - 3 .5 8
2 .9 0 - 3 .5 8

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

158
149

3 .5 8
3 .53

3 .64
3 .6 2

3 .4 2 3 .4 0 -

3 .8 0
3 .7 8

E N G IN E E R S, STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

47
47

3 .57
3 .57

3 .58
3 .5 8

3 .4 4 3 .4 4 -

3.68
3 .6 8

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

38
32

2 .7 0
2 .6 0

2 .7 2
2 .5 8

2 .4 9 2 .3 3 -

3.03
2 .8 0

4
4

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

121
121

3 .46
3 .4 6

3.44
3 .4 4

3 .3 1 3 .3 1 -

3 .65
3 .6 5

_
-

M A C H I N IS T S, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

237
237

3 .55
3 .55

3.62
3 .62

3 .3 7 3 .3 7 -

3 .7 8
3 .7 8

~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

94
65
65

3 .50
3 .6 0
3 .6 0

3 .4 2
3 .7 9
3 .79

3 .1 5 3 .1 3 3 .1 3 -

3 .9 3
3 .9 8
3 .98

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

148
144

3 .49
3 .47

3 .49
3 .4 8

3 .3 1 3 .3 0 -

3 .7 5
3 .7 4

_

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

72
72

3 .3 6
3 .36

3.36
3 .36

3 .2 1 3 .2 1 -

O I L E R S -----------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------

29
29

2 .8 5
2 .85

2 .6 7
2.67

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------- -------------------------

24
24

3 .19
3 .19

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

28
28

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

3. 30

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------

3.40 3 50 3.60 3 .70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 over

~

“

_

1
1

1
1

4
4

_

1
1

4
4

6
6

-

-

6
6

-

3

6
e

5
5

2
2

10
10

-

_

i
i

i
i

4
4

6
6

i
i

9
9

6
6

7
7

17
17

15
15

25
25

24
24

28
28

3
3

-

3

15
15

4

3

4

13
13

6
6

3
3

-

4

_

4

-

_

_

_

2
2

8
8

-

9
7

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

“

_

-

-

~

4
4

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

_

-

2
2

-

3 .6 2
3 .62

_

_

_

-

-

-

2 .5 8 2 .5 8 -

2 .9 8
2 .9 8

_

-

-

-

2
2

3 .19
3.19

2 .9 3 2 .9 3 -

3 .58
3 .58

_

_

3 .33
3 .33

3.51
3 .51

3 .1 3 3 .1 3 -

3 .63
3 .6 3

_
-

14
14

3 .58
3 .58

3 .65
3 .65

3 .4 9 3 .4 9 -

553
553

3 .71
3.71

3 .7 0
3 .70

3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

3 .91
3 .91

3

3 .75
3 .75

-

_

9

-

3
3

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

17
17

9
9

19
19

35
35

3
3

12
12

7
7

5
5

12
12

14
14

4
4

22
22

9
9

10
10

15
15

25
25

67
67

11
11

44
44

12
12

2
2
2

7
7
7

3
3
3

23
13
13

6
-

5
-

7
-

_
-

1
l
1

9
8
8

4
4
4

15
15
15

12
12
12

_
~

_
-

_

2
2

4
4

1
1

11
11

5
5

ii
11

22
22

19
19

3

15
15

35
35

6
6

l
l

6
6

_

1
1

4

_

_

11
ii

1
1

18
18

4

4
4

-

-

-

4

8
8

-

-

1
i

3

-

_
-

7
7

9
9

3
3

_

2
2

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

3
3

1
1

_

_
-

i
i

4
4

i
i

3

1
i

1
1

1
1

3
3

_

_

-

-

?

_

-

-

i
i

2

“

_
-

4

-

-

i
i

2

-

2

-

1
1

5
5

2
2

2
2

34
34

49

52
52

92
92

43

89

43

89

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

i
1

and la te sh ifts .

_

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

_

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s ,
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




t
s
3
$
$
$
$
*
*
3.30 3 40 3.50 3 .60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30

3

_
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
i

6
6

2

5
5

2

3
3

13
13

3

33
33

49

3

-

22

-

22

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9

_

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

75
75

12
12

30
30

5
5

21
21

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Waterbury, Conn., M a r c h 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
$
$
$
$
i —
i—
S ---- $
S
i—
1
$
t
*
$
*
$
S
$
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2. 90 3. 00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80
and
and
under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2. 30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 over

GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

103
99

$
2 .55
2 .55

GUARDS:
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

44

2 .6 7

$
2.51
2 .51

$
2 .2 9 2 .3 1 -

$
2 .7 9
2 .7 9

~

2 .61

2 .4 5 -

2 .9 2

-

_

_

-

.

-

6
6

10
8

_

-

-

-

10
10

8
8

17
17

12
12

6
6

9
9

“

16
16

3
3

4
4

2
“

-

4

14

4

4

6

-

9

3

-

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

55

2 .45

2 .3 9

2 .0 9 -

2 .7 3

-

-

-

6

8

-

10

4

3

8

2

3

-

7

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

520
283

2.20

1 .8 3 2 .2 1 -

2 .5 2
2 .7 7

12
3

92
8

85
3

21
9

32
18

34
28

29
20

12
12

69
66

22
21

12
1

34
33

37
37

24
24

_

_

5

_

_

_

_

_

2 .46

2 .1 5
2 .4 6

2.

3
2

7
7

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

14
14

2
-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------

18

10

2 .05

1 .7 4 -

2 .3 3

4

2

-

3

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

388
349

2 .3 5
2 .3 6

2 .2 9
2 .2 7

2 .1 1 2 .1 2 -

2 .45
2 .4 9

6

30
28

12
10

4
4

36
36

63
63

46
46

88
64

13
13

17
15

6
6

4
4

13
13

20
20

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

124
124

2 .8 0
2 .8 0

2.6 1
2 .6 1

2 .3 5 2 .3 5 -

2 .8 0
2 .8 0

-

2
2

-

-

7
7

2
2

10
10

19
19

12
12

9
9

24
24

9
9

3
3

2
2

_

3
3

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

_

-

-

4 17
17

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG (WOMEN) ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

47
47

2 .2 9
2 .2 9

2 .3 8
2 .38

2 .0 7 2 .0 7 -

2 .5 4
2 .5 4

i
1

1
1

4
4

9
9

5
5

_

“

-

5
5

4
4

18
l8

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

44
32

2 .8 4
2 .78

2 .8 2
2 .7 5

2 .5 4 2 .5 5 -

3 .1 3
2 .9 8

_

-

-

-

2
“

3
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

6
6

4
4

3
3

3
3

5
5

2
-

6
4

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
1

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

37
35

2.7 1
2 .7 4

2 .7 5
2 .7 8

2 .3 6 2 .3 7 -

3 .0 5
3 .06

_

i
i

2

11
11

1
i

-

2
2

4
4

_

1
I

12
12

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
i

SH IPPING AND RECE IV IN G CL ER KS ----MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

31
28

2 .85

3 .0 5
3 .0 6

2 .5 3 2 .5 3 -

3 .15
3 .1 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3

1
1

-

-

-

11
11

4
4

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

8
8

_

-

-

-

“

“

_

_

2.88

TR UC KD RI VE RS 5 ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 6---------------

311
195
116
91

3.11
2 .8 5
3 .5 4
3 .7 0

3 .05
2 .8 9
3 .74
3 .75

2 .7 4 2 .6 5 3 .7 0 3 .7 2 -

3.7 1
3 .0 6
3 .7 7
3 .7 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T O N S ) ----- -----------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

64

68

2 .70
2.7 1

2.66
2 .6 7

2 .6 2 2 .6 2 -

139
93

3 .19
2.9 8

3 .10
2 .9 9

2 .9 5 2 .9 1 -

41

3 .2 9

3 .0 9

3 .0 3 2 .5 5 2 .5 6 -

2 .9 7
2 .9 7

3 .04
3.04

2 .8 6 2 .8 6 -

-

-

“
5
5
2
2

_

2
2

3 .75

2 .73
2 .7 4

-

6
6

7
7

3 .13
3 .1 4

9
7

49
47
2

3 .72
3 .11

118

-

2 .7 9
2 .82

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --- -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

110

2.B 7
2 .8 7

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

31
30

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

2

20
20

34
33
1
I

42
27
15

27
21
6

8
8

~

2
2

~

38
36

3
3

4
4

“

8
8

2
2

2
2

4
4

2
2

~

16
16

30
30

19
19

24
18

6
6

3
~

~

“

"

~

“

”

-

-

-

90
-

90
90

“
_

_

40

20

3
24
24

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s : 2 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 11 at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; 1 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 ; and 3 a t $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and type of tr u c k o p e r a te d .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .




7
5

7
7

-

15

12
6

15
15

26
26

5
5

10
10

1
1

4
4

~

i
I

1
1

1
I

8
8

1
1

9
6

9
9

.
-

1
1

“
_
-

_
-

_
~

17
15

_
-

1
1

3
3

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

F IL E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l lin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y no t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s of s a l e s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .

CLERK,

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s an d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of th e w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h an d .

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o ut p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

C O M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s no t to b e c o n fu se d w ith th a t of s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e of c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s of a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; an d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , an d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s an d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , fo r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s fo r and
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on the d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g the i t e m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f il le d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , an d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

CLERK,

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p of lo w e r l e v e l f il e c l e r k s .

11

12
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e lit t le o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F I C E B O Y OR G I R L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s no t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n fo r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s an d i s u s u a l ly d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In so m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e of o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
fo r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G RA PH ER,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f in i t io n s .

C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y du ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o rth a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s an d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d ro u t in g in c o m in g m a il ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

C la ss A

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) of a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M ay
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e fu n c tio n s of th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w hen s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

13
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d so m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g an d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk an d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r an d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s an d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , ta b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b ut s m a l l t a b u la t in g stu d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s and s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tra n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h and o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s an d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
an d/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w ood in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y of c a r p e n t e r * s h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , an d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

14
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l la t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ; I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g an y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s of
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g and
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; an d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e by' h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s of m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it te n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o rk ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t ’ s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s an d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk an d m e a s u r in g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g i n s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; an d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t an d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a l l ty p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




15
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
st a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A RD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
an d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e an d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to fillin g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s of o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u tie s

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

POW ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s fo r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u pon th e ty p e , s i z e , an d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g of it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g an d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ---T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn eys, c h e m ists, en g in ee rs, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 196 F I S e v e n t y - ^ i v e
c e n t s a co p y .

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u lletin s m a y be p u rc h a se d fr o m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffic e , W ashin gton , D. C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------A lb any — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 * -----------S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------Allentown— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
Ju n e 1968 1 ______________________________________________
A t la n t a , Ga. , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 __________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1968 * ____
P
O
B in g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 * _________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1-----------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 * ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y. , N ov. 1968 1---------------------------------------B u r l i n g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
Can ton , Ohio, Ju n e 1968 1 _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -----------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 1 ___________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , S e p t . 1968 * _________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * -------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 1 ___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1968 1 -----------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1968 1 ----------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------------ -------------D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1969 1 ----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1968_______________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ____________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1968 1__________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1 _________ -________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C . , M ay 1968 * -----------------------------------H ouston, T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
In d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1968 1 _________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1 ------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1 --------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1 _________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. , J u n e 1968 1 _______
H
N.
L i t t le R ock— o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1 _____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , Nov. 1968_______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969----------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1 _________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , Nov. 1968-----------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1968 1 -----------------------------------------M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________
M ilw au k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1968____________________________

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
3 5 cents
50 c e n t s

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1575-52,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-1 1,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts

1575-64,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1575-67,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 9 ------------------S
M u sk e g o r r - M u sk e g o n H e i g h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * --------N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H aven , Conn. , J a n . 1969__________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 --------------------------------New Y o r k , N. Y. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
N o r fo l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H a m p to n , V a. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------Om aha, N e b r. —
Iow a, O ct. 1 9 6 8 * _______________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y 1968 1 __________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968____________________
N
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1 ____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash . , M ay 1968 1 -------------------------W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t — a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
M ay 1 9 6 8 ________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 _____________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1967 * ------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 1_
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1968 1 ______________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —
111., J a n . 1968_________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, D e c . 1 9 6 8 ________________________
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1968___________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
Oct. 1968 1 -------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------Sa n F r a n c i s c o — a kla n d, C a l i f . , Oct. 1968______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1968 1 _____________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Oct. 1968 1 ______________________
South B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1968 1 __________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 8 ______________
T o l e d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1969 1 _______________________
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1 _____________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------R
W ashin gton , D. C. —
Md. — a . ,S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ________________
V
W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1969__________________________
W a te r l o o , Iow a, N ov. 1968 1 ____________________________
W ich ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969-----------------------------------------------Y o u n g s t o w n - W a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1968_________________

Bu lletin num ber
an d p r i c e
1625-47,
1575-60,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1575-78,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1625-48,
1575-55,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2,
1575-70,
1575-39,
1625-36,
1575-69,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12,
1625-43,
1625-23,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1575-76,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
35
35

30
30
30
35
30
35
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
I----------------------------------------1

J F IR S T C L A S S MAIL I
O FFICIAL




BUSINESS

I------------------------------------------------------ 1


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102