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Dayton & Montgomery Co
Public Library '

JUL9

1968

Area Wage Survey

T he Waterbury, C onnecticut, M etropolitan Area
April 1968

New England
J o h n F . K e n n e d y F e d e r a l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
R o o m 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




Mid-Atlantic
341 N in th A v e .
N ew Y o r k , N . Y. 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , N E .
A t l a n t a , G a . 30309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

North Central
219 South D ea rb o rn St.
C h ic a g o , 111. 60604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

Pacific
450 G o ld en G a te A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
T e l .: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

Mount a in-PI a ins
F e d e r a l O ff ic e B u ild in g
T h ir d F lo o r
911 W alnut S t.
K a n s a s C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Area Wage Survey
The Waterbury, Connecticut, Metropolitan Area
April 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-53
May 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents







P re fa c e

C o n t e n ts
Page

The B u rea u o f L ab or S ta tis tic s p ro g ra m of ann ual
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lit a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n fo r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , and fo r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s id e r a t io n in the p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d fo r g r e a t e r i n s ig h t in to (1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .

I n tr o d u c tio n ___________________________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d .
A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s fo r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f the m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s
s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T he se c o n d p a r t p r e se n ts in fo r ­
m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and the
U n ite d S t a t e s .

B.
E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e
p r o g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n ­
in g s is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s
an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , in A p r i l 1 9 6 8 .
T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t th r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t s o f th e c it y o f W a te r ­
b u ry ; b o r o u g h o f N a u g a tu c k ; the to w n s o f B e a c o n F a l l s ,
C h e s h ir e , M id d le b u r y , P r o s p e c t , and W o lc o tt in N ew H a v en
C ou n ty; an d th e to w n s o f T h o m a s t o n , W a te r to w n , and W o o d ­
b u r y in L i t c h f ie l d C o u n ty . T h is stu d y w a s c o n d u c te d in th e
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in B o s t o n , M a s s . , W e n d e ll D .
M a c d o n a ld , D i r e c t o r .
T h e s tu d y w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l
d i r e c t io n o f P a u l V . M u lk e r n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
o f O p e r a t io n s .




1
4

E s t a b li s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _____________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e fo r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________

4

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s —w o m e n _______________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s __________________
A -5 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

9
10
11

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
P a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s _____________________
B -7 .
P r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e w o r k __________________________

12
13
14
15
16
18
19

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

* NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r o th e r
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n in g s in th e W a te r b u r y a r e a
i s a l s o a v a ila b le fo r s e l e c t e d fo o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a tio n s
(M a r c h 1 9 6 8 ).

iii

3

6
8

21




Area Wage Survey---The Waterbury, Conn., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n a n a r e a w id e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t iv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s : M a n u ­
fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o le s a l e tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y te n d to fu r n is h i n s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te t a b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b ­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s iv e o f p a y
fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f f in g a n d , th u s , c o n tr ib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le fr o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p r e a d or d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y
l e v e l s fo r m e n and w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh o u ld
n ot be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n tr ib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y fo r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the
a c tu a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f ic
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n .
Job d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a liz e d
th a n th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a llo w fo r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d o n a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f
la r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t in g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the in d u s tr y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s a n d E a r n in g s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot th e n u m b er
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s d a ta .

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f the
f o llo w in g ty p e s : (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n ifo r m s e t o f job
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u t ie s w it h in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g
th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s d a ta fo r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i b i l it y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a tio n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t iliz e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e
w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e f u n c t io n s .
" O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l or r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s tr ie s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e sh o w n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay fo r o v e r t i m e an d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and th e p r o b a b ilit y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e ta b le i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s i n m e d iu m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d if f e r e n t i a l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e l im i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l ly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t a t th e t im e o f th e
su rvey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o th er " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s (ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r t h e y w e r e p a id fo r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s ; and p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e w o r k (t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a l l
p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e or
m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify fo r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th r o u g h B - 7 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
r o u n d in g .
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e l im i t e d to d a ta on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n te d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r il y g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r i s n o t g r a n te d a n o th e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a l ly g r a n te d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh o w to t a l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta oh h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e th o s e p la n s fo r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
fo r t h is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if th e m a j o r it y of e m p l o y e e s w e r e e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th an a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n tr ib u te to w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n . L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d on a w e e k ly or m o n th ly b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s or a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d fo r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h ic h ther
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k an d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s , 2 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly if th e e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h ic h p r o v id e
fu ll p a y or a p r o p o r tio n of th e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u se of illn e s s .
S e p a r a te t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y an d no w a it in g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a it in g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to
th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f th e p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d
t o ta l i s sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r or b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

C a ta s tr o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l iz a t io n , m e d i c a l , an d s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p aym ent of d o c to r s' fe e s .
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th e y m a y
b e p a id fo r b y th e e m p lo y e r o u t o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e fo r t h is p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e p la n s
th a t p r o v id e r e g u la r p a y m e n ts fo r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) i s l im i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s n ot in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t fo r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s fo r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th a n a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
t h o s e w h ic h o ffe r " e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a tic a l" b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s io n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta on o v e r t im e p r e m iu m p a y (ta b le B - 7 ) , th e h o u r s a f t e r
w h ic h p r e m iu m p a y i s r e c e i v e d an d th e c o r r e s p o n d in g r a t e o f p a y , a r e
p r e s e n t e d b y d a ily and w e e k l y p r o v i s i o n s .
D a i l y o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s a d a y r e g a r d l e s s o f
th e n u m b e r of h o u r s w o r k e d on o th e r d a y s o f th e p a y p e r io d . W e e k ly
o v e r t im e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s
p e r w e e k r e g a r d l e s s o f th e d a y o n w h ic h it i s p e r f o r m e d , th e n u m b e r
of h ou rs p er day, or nu m ber o f d a y s w o r k e d .

1
A n establishm ent was considered as havin g a p o licy if
conditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as havin g form al provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.

w ritten,




it m et either o f the follow ing
The tem porary disab ility law s in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ploy er
form al provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had op erated late
An establishm ent was considered as h av in g a fo rm al p lan if it estab lish ed a t le a st the
w ritten form for operating
m inim um number o f days o f sick le a v e a v a ila b le to each em p lo y ee.
Such a p lan n eed not be
but inform al sick leave

allo w an ces, determ in ed on an in dividual b asis, were ex clu d ed .

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l is h m e n t s and W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y and N u m b e r S tu d ie d in W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s tr y D i v i s i o n , 2 A p r il
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b er o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

I n d u s t r y d i v is i o n

A l l d i v is i o n s

___

_

W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ied
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

P ercen t

O ff ic e
T o ta l4

160

68

4 3 ,9 0 0

100

3 2 ,1 0 0

5 , 3 00

3 2 ,3 7 0

50
-

108
52

40
28

3 6 ,8 0 0
7 , 100

84
16

2 7 ,5 0 0
4, 600

4 ,2 0 0
1, 100

2 7 ,8 3 0
4 , 540

50
50
50
50
50

9
5
24
5
9

7
2
10
3
6

1,900
400
2, 900
1,000
900

4
1
7
2
2

200
( 6)
( 6)

1 ,8 1 0
140
1, 350
730
510

__

_ —
M a n u f a c tu r in g — _ ____ ___ ___ __ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_
— ----- ----- - R e t a il t r a d e ________
_ ________ - _
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ------------S e r v i c e s 8 ------------------------------------------------------ -----

1968

1 ,4 0 0
( 6)
( 6)
)
( 6)

(6)

1 T h e W a te r b u r y S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h A p r il 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t s o f th e c it y o f W a ter b u ry ; b o r o u g h o f N a u g a tu c k ; th e to w n s of
B e a c o n F a l l s , C h e s h i r e , M id d le b u r y , P r o s p e c t , and W o lc o tt in N ew H a v en C ou nty; and th e to w n s o f T h o m a s t o n , W a te r to w n , and W o o d b u ry in L it c h f ie ld C ou n ty.
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of
stu d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r i p t io n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e ( 1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta
c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and ( 2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t i o n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t io n M an u al w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x ic a b s an d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l to w a t e r tr a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b le s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v is i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v is i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s
n o t d e s ig n e d i n it ia l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e of in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
fo r " a ll in d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n of d a ta fo r t h is d i v is i o n i s n o t m a d e fo r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r ie s an d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n t a l , and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v er f o u r - f if t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e W a te r b u r y a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g t a b le p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s and s p e c if ic i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c tu r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ---------23
I n s tr u m e n t s an d r e la t e d
p r o d u c t s -----— ---------------------------- 15
R u b b e r and m is c e ll a n e o u s
p r o d u c t s ........... ........ ..........................— 15
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s _______ 14
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p lie s ------------------------------------------ 7
C h e m ic a ls and a l li e d p r o d u c t s — 5
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u fa c tu r in g
i n d u s t r i e s ---------■■■— ---------—------ 5

M e ta l s t a m p i n g s ----------------------------17
N o n fe r r o u s r o llin g and
R u b b e r f o o tw e a r ---------------------------- 13
W a t c h e s , c l o c k s , and
w a t c h c a s e s -------------------------7
I n d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a l s ---------- -----— 5
M e c h a n ic a l m e a s u r i n g and
c o n t r o l d e v i c e s ________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r ia l s c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s m a y
d iff e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r io d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e tw e e n J u ly I9 6 0 and Ju n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b tr a c tin g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s fr o m th e b a s e p e r io d to th e
d a te o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
T h e se e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s fo r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n o t in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n ts w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt ip lie d b y th e o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, an d th e
p r o d u c ts fo r a ll o c c u p a tio n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he r e s u lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e in d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ’s r e l a t iv e b y th e p r e v io u s y e a r ’s in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e tr e n d s :

M eth o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t
O ffice cle ric a l (m en and women):
Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
class B
C lerks, accounting, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T able 2.

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and women)—
Continued
S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
T y pists, classes A and B

S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
Carpenters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (au to m o tiv e)
Pa inters
P ipefitters
T o o l and die m akers
U nskilled p lan t (m en):
Jan itors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m a teria l handling

Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard W eekly S alarie s and S traigh t-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elec ted O ccupational Groups in W aterbury, Conn. ,
A pril 1968 and M arch 1967, and Percents of Change 1 for S e le c te d Periods
Indexes
(M arch 1961=100)

Industry and o ccu pation al group
A pril 1968

M arch 1967

Percents of change *
M arch 1967
to
A pril 1968

March 1966
to
March 1967

March 1965
to
March 1966

March 1964
to
March 1965

M arch 1963
to
M arch 1964

M arch 1962
to
M arch 1963

M arch 1961
to
M arch 1962

March 1960
to
M arch 1961

A ll industries:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )------Industrial nurses ( m en and w o m e n )----S k illed m aintenance ( m e n ) --------------U nskilled p lan t ( m e n ) ----------------------

1 2 2 .4
1 2 1 .7
1 2 5 .4
1 1 6 .3

1 1 7 .1
1 1 7 .6
1 1 7 .4
1 1 3 .4

4 .5
3 .5
6 .8
2 .6

3 .7
6 .1
3 .9
4 .0

2 .1
1 .9
3 .1
2-. 6

2 .8
2 .4
2 .6
1 .8

3 .1
0
1 .5
1 .4

2 .7
3 .5
2 .2
3 .5

1 .6
2 .6
2 .9
2 .7

2 .2
5. 5
2. 8
1 .8

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )----S k illed m ain ten ance ( m e n ) --------------U nskilled p lan t ( m e n ) ----------------------

1 2 0 .8
1 2 2 .5
1 2 4 .7
1 1 8 .5

1 1 6 .0
1 1 8 .3
1 1 6 .8
1 1 3 .4

4 .2
3 .5
6 .7
4 .5

3 .4
5 .6
4 .0
1 .7

1 .8
2 .9
3 .0
2 .0

2 .3
2 .0
2 .5
1 .8

3 .0
.5
1 .3
.5

3. 0
3 .0
2. 1
3. 3

1 .6
3 .1
2 .8
3 .4

2. 3
4 .9
2. 7
2 .8

* A ll changes are increases unless otherwise in dicated.
2 This decrease larg ely reflects changes in em ploym ent betw een high- and low -w age establishm ents rather than w age decreases.




5
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u la r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s fo r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e a n d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h if t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r ta n t jo b s w ith in
ea ch group.

C h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e iv a b le
th a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

L im it a t io n s o f D a ta
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by: (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e r e s u lt in g fr o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e li m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h job in ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n o t in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , a s s u c h , or b y p r e m iu m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e fr o m
th e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s ig n if ic a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

6
A. O ccupational E arn in g s
Table A-l. Office Occupations-^Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , W a te r b u ry , C o n n ., A p r il 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
M ean2

31
17

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

$
8 1 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

M edian 2

Middle range 2

$

*

$

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
%
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
80
85
90
100 105 110 1 1 5
95
120 1 2 5
1 30
1 35
140
150
160
170

60

65

70

75

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

-

~

3
2

2
2

5
3

-

3

2
2

2

2

2

1

1

5

3

-

55
and
under

$
8 3 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

$
$
6 0 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
5 8 .0 0 - 8 2 .5 0

8
8

125

130

13 5

140

150

160

170

180

1
1

_
-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
17

4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0

101.00

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

22
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 8 8 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

106
101

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

c lerk s,

146
119
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
6 4 .5 0 - 8 9 .5 0

—

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A -------------------------

15

4 0 .0

9 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

30
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

Cl e r k s , ORDER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

50
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

c lerk s,

pay ro ll -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

94
89

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

6

2
_

4
4

2
2

_

_

2
2

5
5

1
1

5
5

15
15

12
12

17
17

14
14

9
7

9
9

28
27
1

21
17
4

7
5
2

17
17

3
3
“

3
1
2

5
3
2

-

2

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

1

_

-

-

_
-

13
5
8

5
2
3

23
18
5

8 5 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0

-

-

2

1

-

1

4

3

7 6 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 - 8 0 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 8 2 .0 0

-

-

3

11
9

9
9

2
2

2
2

2
2

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

_

_

3

-

-

4
4

6
4

12
12

7
7

7
7

5
5

5
5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 5 . 5 0 —1 0 4 . 0 0

_

5
3

5
5

13
13

15
15

9
9

17
17

7
7

7
5

36
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

9 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

86. 50- l 0 2 .00
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

_

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

70
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

86.00
8 7 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
88.00

7 8 .0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0

_

SECRETARIES3 — -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

295
264

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0 1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

26
22

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0 1 2 4 . 5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 2 9 . 0 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

56
48

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

121.00 1 1 9 . 0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 1 1 9 . 5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

80
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .5 0 1 2 7 . 0 0 1 0 9 . 0 0 - 1 3 9 . 5 0
122.00 1 2 6 . 5 0 1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 3 9 . 0 0

_

-

“

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

117
99

3 9 .5 1 0 8 . 0 0 1 0 8 . 0 0
40.0 110.00 111.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

126
119

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

103
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

23
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s b ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le.




-

-

_

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

-

10
9

1
1

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

_

-

“

4
4

1
1

1
1

25
21

26
26

10
10

18
18

21
20

5
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

2
2

_

-

“

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

12
12

5
5

5
5

-

3
3

3
3
1
1

~
-

1

_

-

1
1

4
4

13
13

7
7

1
1

4
4

_

_

12
7

9
8

13
8

11
10

9
9

11
11

5
5

1
-

2
2

7
7

17
14

11
9

20
16

28
21

25
23

30
30

~

“

-

“

-

-

9
9

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

10
7

10
10

2
2

6
4

8
5

2
2

1
1

2
2

3
3

8
8

1
1

-

_

2
2

7
7

1
1

8
8

“

3
3

6
6

5
5

6
6

7
7

7
7

10
10

14
13

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

~

_

-

-

-

“

-

9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

2
-

_

_

~

“

1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 4 . 0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

-

_

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

2
1

6
5

_

_

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

2
1

10
10

-

_

9 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

-

_

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

23
21
2

-

1
1

8
8

_

1
1

1

_

_

_

_

32
25

1
-

2
2

5
5

10
7

8
6

12
8

14
10

12
10

10
10

12
10

12
12

11
11

1
l

4
4

2
2

5
5

16
12

14
14

25
25

17
17

13
13

12
12

11
11

6
6

2
2

3
2

-

_
-

-

-

-

4
4

3
2

2
1

15
14

7
5

11
10

14
14

3
3

9
9

9
9

11
11

6
6

4
4

4
2

_

_

_

3
3

3
3

3
3

5
5

4
4

-

— "

5
5

_
'

1

-

_

_
-

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

_
-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Women— Continued
(A v era g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W a terb u ry , C on n., A p r il 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

weekly
hours1
( standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Median 21

$

55
and
und er

Middle range 2

60

SWITCHB0AR0 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI0NISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

$

8 7 .5 0
8 8 -5 0

$

$

8 7 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0

$

60
_
65

$

65
_
~
70

$

$

$

$

t

$---

$

*

$

*

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

1 30

135

1 40

150

160

170

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

11 5

1 20

125

1 30

135

140

150

160

170

180

4
2

7
5

15
13

11
8

10
10

1
1

7
7

3
3

1
1

$

59
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

o perato rs,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

15
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 . 5 0 1 0 1 .0 0
9 9 . 5 0 1 0 1 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS
GENERAL ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

21
21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0

TY PISTS, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

104
88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0

T Y PISTS, CLASS B -------------------------- ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

143
109
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

7 0 .0 0 - 8 7 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 8 8 .5 0
6 4 .5 0 - 7 4 .5 0

t a b u l a t in g - m ach ine

9 1 .5 0 9 1 .5 0 -

*

$

»

80

70
_

$

t

$

75

$

1
1

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
4
4

2

2
6
2

10
10

27
17
10

26
19
7

1
1
13
11
21
20
1

2
2

2
2

3
3
5
5
21
17

11
11

15
13

19
19

11
10

1

4
4

1
1

1
1

5
5

2?
23

2

1
1

4
4

5
2

2

1
1
1
1

16
14

2

1
1

-

1
1

4
4

1 S tan d ard h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r re sp o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s.
2 T h e m ea n i s c o m p u te d fo r e a c h job by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n um ber of w o r k e r s . T he m ed ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
than th e r a te show n; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te show n. The m id d le range i s d e fin e d by 2 r a te s of pay; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of t h e s e r a te s and a fou rth e a r n m o r e than
th e h ig h e r r a te .
* M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n te d se p a r a te ly .




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W a terb u ry , C on n., A p ril 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$

95
M ean12

M edian 2

Middle range2

$

$

$

N u m ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of —
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
120 125
140
145
150
15 5
160
130
135
170
180
200 210 220 2 3 0
190

100

10 5

110

11 5

105

110

115

120

and
under
100

and
125

130

135

14 0

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

5
5

10
10

4
4

6
6
4
4

145

1 50

155

1 60

170

180

1 90

200

210

~

2
:

4
4

6
6

7
7

4
4

2
2

3
3

6
6

7
7

3
3

7
7

7
7

3
3

1
1

_

220

230

over

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

MEN

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

36
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
$
$
$
1 7 5 .0 0 1 7 5 .5 0 1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 9 4 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 1 7 5 . 5 0 1 5 9 . 0 0 - 1 9 4 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

“

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

85
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 8 .0 0 1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 1 3 7 . 5 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

_
-

5
5

6
6

2
2

13
13

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

32
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

120.00 1 2 3 . 0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 3 6 . 0 0
120.00 1 2 3 . 0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 3 6 . 0 0

4
4

4
4

1
1

3
3

1
1

6
6

3
3

2
2

4
4

27
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 8 . 5 0 1 1 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . 0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 1 1 8 . 0 0 1 1 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 5 . 0 0

4
4

2
2

4
4

6
6

4
4

5
5

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REG ISTERED! ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 Stan d ard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ) ,
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .




and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t - ti m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r il 1968)
Average

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
Number

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

71
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
86.00
8 7 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS------------------------—
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

20
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

SECRETARIES1
2--------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

296
264

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

26
22

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

56
48

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

121.00
1 2 2 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .5 0
122.00

-------------------------------------

31
17

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

$
8 1 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------------

17

4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0

n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

59
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
8 7 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

t a b u l a t in g - m ach ine o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s b ---------------------------------------------------m a nu fa c tu ring ------------------------------------

26
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

100.00
1 0 0 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE o p e r a t o r s ,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

21
21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

TY PISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

104
88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------Kinxty
aa
ii ic ar ti
id i1 Air
niUiNHA
niUrAt
1UK
INb

143
109
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS R ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

22
22

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

11 9
111

4 0 . 0 110.00
4 0 . 0 1 0 8 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

148
11 9
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------—
MANUFACTURING_____ — — ______

80
79

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

16
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

118
99

3 9 .5 1 0 8 .0 0
4 0 . 0 110.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

30
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------m anu fa c tu ring ------------------------------------

126
119

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

36
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

56
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------UAkii ir *r* rI iin
nAniUrAU
UKi1 nr
Mb — •

103

4 0 . 0 1 0 5 .5 0
4U.U 1 0 5 . 5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------nHiiUr Au i
l lib
"

88
88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

96
91

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

26
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

101.00
9 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

38
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

36
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------

16

3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ;----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

28
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly .




10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , W a te r b u r y , C o n n ,, A p r il 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

H ourly earnings 1

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n
M ed ian 2

$

$

2 .0 0

2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

ar^d
under
2 .1 0

$

3 .1 3
3 .1 3

3 .4 4
3 .4 0

3 .5 3
3 .5 1

3 . 2 5 - 3 .7 1
3 .2 3 - 3 .6 7

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY - *
MANUFACTURING --------------

3 .4 5
3 .4 5

3 .4 4
3 .4 4

3 .3 3 - 3 .5 9
3 .3 3 - 3 .5 9

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

2 .6 0
2 .5 6

2 .5 8
2 .5 6

2 .4 4 - 2 .6 8
2 .4 3 - 2 .6 6

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------

161
15 1

-

*
-

-

$

$

$

$

$

$

2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0
-

-

-

2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

-

-

$

$

$

-

-

2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

3 .1 0

-

-

-

$

$

$

3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0
-

2 .7 9 - 3 .4 0
2 .7 9 - 3 .4 0

-

-

$
-

3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0

*

*

$

$

3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0
-

-

-

-

and

3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0

over

10

10
10
10

10

13

10

12

23
23

119
11 9

3 .2 7
3 .2 7

3 .2 3
3 .2 3

3 .1 2 - 3 .3 3
3 .1 2 - 3 .3 3

m a c h in is t s ,

240
240

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

3 .5 0
3 .5 0

3 .1 6 - 3 .6 6
3 .1 6 - 3 .6 6

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC UT ILITIES3 -

129
54
75
75

3 .3 6
3 .1 4
3 .5 1
3 .5 1

3 .2 3
3 .0 9
3 .7 5
3 .7 5

3 .0 2 3 .0 4 2 .9 5 2 .9 5 -

3 .7 8
3 .2 6
3 .8 6
3 .8 6

16
3
13
13

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------

151
147

3 .3 2
3 .3 0

3 .3 2
3 .2 9

3 . 1 4 - 3 .6 1
3 .1 3 - 3 .5 9

12
12

38
38

MILLWRIGHTS
MANUFACTURING

66
66

3 .2 5
3 .2 5

3 .4 0
3 .4 0

3 .1 1 - 3 .4 5
3 .1 1 - 3 .4 5

7
7

12

OILERS ------------------MANUFACTURING

24
24

2 .7 5
2 .7 5

2 .7 5
2 .7 5

2 . 4 9 - 2.
2 .4 9 - 2.

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

23
23

3 .0 4
3 .0 4

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

2 . 7 9 - 3 .3 5
2 . 7 9 - 3 .3 5

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

31
31

3 .1 5
3 .1 5

3 .1 9
3 .1 9

2 .9 3 - 3 .4 3
2 . 9 3 - 3 .4 3

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

15
15

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

3 .1 8 - 3 .6 3
3 .1 8 - 3 .6 3

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

537
537

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 .4 0 - 3 .7 7
3 .4 0 - 3 .7 7

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b l e A - 1.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




$

3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------m a in t e n a n c e -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

$

2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

$

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING --------------------

$

22
22

41
41

15
15

16

13
13

28
28

6
5

13
13
17
17

14
14

17
17

16

28

12

28

17
17

32
32

29
29

52
52

38
38

12

12

11
11

15
15

27
27

3

1

1
l

2
2
12

12

13
13

22
22

20
20

15
15

11
11

94
94

25
25

39
39

34
34

15
15
33
33

12

14
14

12

36
36

44
44

97
97

43
43

63
63

13
13

16
16

12

12

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r i l 1968)
Hourly ea rn ing s 2

O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n
workers

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING
WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0

M ea n 3

M ed ia n 3

M iddle range 3

97
92

$
2 .A 5
2.A 6

$
2 .A 7
2 .4 8

$
$
2 . 2 5 - 2 .7 4
2 . 3 0 - 2 .7 2

A1

2 .5 7

2 .5 9

2 . 3 8 - 2 .7 6

$
1 .8 0

$
$
S
(
$
1 . 9 0 2.00 2.10 2.20 2 . 3 0

$
i
$
$
$
2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2. 6 0 2 . 7 0 2.8 0

$
$
$
$
$
2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 .20 3 . 4 0

2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2. 70 2 . 8 0 2. 9 0

3 .0 0

$
3 .6 0

$
$
$
3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

$
and
1 . 6 0 under

1
~

and

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

-

-

1 . 9 0 2.00 2.10 2.20 2 . 3 0
6
6

6
6

2
~

8
8

3
3

2 .4 0
18
18

7
7

10
10

11
11

4
4

15
15

14

1

6

8

4

8

-

3 .1 0 3 .2 0
-

3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

6
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

o v er

-

-

_
-

51

2 .3 6

2 .3 8

2 . 1 1 - 2 .6 7

-

-

-

6

6

-

8

3

4

6

4

3

-

7

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

52A
275

2 .0 9
2 .3 6

2.01
2 .3 6

1 . 7 5 - 2 .4 1
2. 12- 2.68

2
~

80
5

93
3

59
17

25
12

31
27

29
26

13
13

58
58

26
14

9
6

33
33

45
45

16
16

_

5

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

A2
16

1.88
2.11

1 .7 7
2 .0 5

1 . 7 2 - 2 .0 1
1 . 7 3 - 2 .5 3

_

5
4

24
“

1
1

2
2

3
3

_

_

_

3
3

1
-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

3A2
305

2 .3 1
2 .3 1

2 .2 4
2 .2 3

2 . 0 3 - 2 .4 6
2 . 0 3 - 2 .4 9

6

30
28

17
17

23
23

29
29

35
35

90
66

17
17

16
16

5
5

6
6

11
11

28
27

3
3

2
2

2
2

3
3

7
7

10
6

2
2

_

“

AA
39

3 .A 9
3 .6 7

3 .1 8
3 .8 9

2 .6 6 - 4 .5 9
2 . 8 3 - 4 .6 3

-

2
-

_

_

_

_

2
2

_
-

_
-

2
2

_

-

9
9

_

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

-

2
2

3

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

4 16
16

11A
11A

2 .7 1
2 .7 1

2 .5 3
2 .5 3

2 . 2 6 - 2 .8 1
2 . 2 6 - 2 .8 1

_
-

2
2

5
5

_
-

3
3

11
11

13
13

15
15

6
6

10
10

14
14

7
7

2
2

2
2

3
3

_

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

2
2

13
13

3
3

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN)
MANUFACTURING -----------------

A6
A6

2.22
2.22

2 .2 9
2 .2 9

1 . 9 6 - 2 .5 4
1 . 9 6 - 2 .5 4

-

_

2
2

9
9

5
5

4
4

4
4

-

-

4
4

_

-

18
18

RECEIVING CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING —

AA
31

2 .7 A
2 .7 1

2 .7 6
2 .7 3

2 . 5 3 - 2 .9 6
2 . 5 5 - 2 .8 7

_

_

-

_

_

4
4

8
8

5
3

5
3

1
1

1
-

2
1

4
1

_

_

-

4
4

_

-

2
2

_

-

4
4

-

-

4
-

_

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS MANUFAC TURING

37
35

2 .5 9
2 .5 7

2 .6 4
2 .6 3

2 . 2 9 - 2 .7 6
2 . 2 8 - 2 .7 3

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
10

6
6

2
“

1
1

2
2

-

-

2
2

_

-

2
2

_

-

11
11

-

-

1
1

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

30
27

2.68
2 .7 1

2 .8 3
2 .8 4

2 .4 3 - 2 .8 7
2 . 3 9 - 2 .8 8

_

_

2
2

_

_

_

■-

_

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 6--------------------------

302
181
121
87

3 .0 2
2 .7 3
3 .4 6
3 .7 0

2. 9 4
2 .7 8
3 .7 3
3 .7 5

2 .6 9 2 .5 6 3 .0 3 3 .7 2 -

9
9
-

_

_

_

.
-

_

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) —
MANUFACTURING
LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
MANUFACTURING ---------------------ORDER FILLERS —
MANUFACTURING
PACKERS, SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING -

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------------m a n u fa c tu r in g

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------

65
61

2 .5 7
2 .5 7

2 .5 6
2 .5 5

3 .7 1
2 .9 4
3 .7 7
3 .7 8

2 . 5 1 - 2.68
2 . 5 0 - 2 .6 5

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

2
2

3
-

1
1

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

—

~

-

2
2
~

3
3
—

9
9
~

13
10
3
—

3
3
-

34
32
2
“

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

5
5

_

-

34
32

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3 .1 5
2 .8 7

2 .9 9
2 .9 0

2 . 8 5 - 3 .7 3
2 .7 8 - 2 .9 8

-

50

3 .1 5

2 .9 8

2 . 9 2 - 3 .7 4

2 -8 9
2 .9 0

2 .6 4
2 .6 5

2 . 5 0 - 3 .0 9
2 . 5 2 - 3 .0 9

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) —
MANUFACTURING

A2
A1

2 .7 6
2 .7 6

2.68
2 .6 7

2 . 5 2 - 3 .0 2
2 . 5 1 - 3 .0 2

“

_

138
86

108
100

-

-

_

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING --------------------

_

3
3

-

13
11
2

2
—
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

20
14

23
23

12
12

_
-

_

_

“

~

10
10

4
4

10
10

~

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

D a ta l im it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o th e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
F o r d e f in itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s :
2 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 4 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; 9 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 .
I n c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s iz e a n d ty p e of t r u c k o p e r a te d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .




-

-

28
28
~
3
3

-

17
17

_

_

_

-

-

-

27
26
1
1

52
31
21
—

22
16
6
-

1
1
—

8
8

2
2

1
1

1
1

~

-

-

86
86

-

“

-

_

.

_

_

-

~

-

_

28
28

21
15

-

-

3

21

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

7
7

9
9

2
2

-

1
1

_

1

5
5

11
11

~

-

_
~

!
1

~
20

_

~

“
_

46
-

_

-

—

15
15

25
25

_

86

_
-

.

-

-

-

-

9
7

8
8

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

-

_
-

12
B. E s ta b lis h m e n t P ra c tic e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P ro v is io n s
T able B-l. M inimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W orkers
( D is t r ib u tio n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d iv is i o n s by m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
of i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r il 1968)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u f a c tu r i n g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ----- __ ___

__

__________

_

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _____
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

6 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___ ___ __
______ u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 _________ ___ __
___
____
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ____ _ ___
__
_ __ __
u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0
_ _
_ _ ______ __
u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 __ ___
_______________ „ _
u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 __________________________________
o v e r _____
___ ___ __
_ __ _____ _____

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

__

.

__

40

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

A ll
sc h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

68

40

XX X

28

XXX

68

40

XX X

28

XXX

22

12

11

10

4

27

15

14

12

6

2
11
1
1
1
1
2

_
5
1
1
2
1
1
1

_
4
1
1
2
1
1
1

2
6
1
_
1

_
2
1
1

2
13
3
2
2
2
2
1

_
7
3
2
1
1
1

_
6
3
2
1
1
1

2
6
_
_
1
1
1
1

_
2
_
_
1
1
1
1

9

7

XXX

2

XXX

16

11

XXX

5

XXX

37

21

XXX

16

XXX

25

14

XXX

11

XXX

3

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e to f o r m a l ly e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g ( h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r te d .







13

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s by type an d am o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l,
W a te r b u r y , C onn. , A p r il 1968)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lan t w o r k e r s —
S h ift d iffe r e n tia l

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
S eco n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w ork

A c tu a lly wo r k in g on—
S eco n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o t a l-----------------------------------------------------

8 9 .4

7 6 .9

1 9 .9

5 .2

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l-----------------------------

87. 5

75. 0

19. 8

5. 2

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ___________________

55. 5

5 4 .6

13. 1

4. 7

.5
.7
.3
1. 3
.2
1. 3
4. 5
2. 7
1. 1

-

5 .4
20. 9
7 .9
1. 1
1. 2
4. 1
12. 7
1. 3

-

.1

28. 6

2 0 .4

6. 1

.5

8 .4
2. 3
1 1 .9
1 .4

1. 5
2. 3

.9

.1

.7

-

2. 8

-

.3

-

3 c e n t s _______________ ____________________
5 c e n t s ______ _______ ______ ______ _____
6 c e n t s ______________________
_________
7 c e n t s _____________________ - -----------l ll z c e n t s ___________________
____________
8 c e n t s __ --------------- ------------------------9 c e n t s ___________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________
11 c e n t s _____ ____________________________ _
12 c e n t s _____ _____________________________
_
_____________ ____ _
____
_
__
14 c e n t s _
1412/3 c e n t s ____________ _________________
15 c e n t s ________ ____ _____________ ___
17 c e n t s ---------------------- -------------------------------25 c e n t s ____________________________________
_
_
__
U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ______________________________
pprrpnt

672 p e r c e n t _____________________________________

7 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t _____________________________________
9 p er ce n t_
_
_
_
_
_
__
_
_
__ ___
_
_
_
_
_
__
_
_
__
_
_
_
_
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________
O th er fo r m a l p ay d iffe r e n tia l_______________
W ith no s h ift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l__________________

2. 0
3. 8

3. 5
5. 8
1. 1
5 .4
12. 8
12. 7
6. 1
-

1. 2

.9
-

-

1. 0

-

-

1. 3
.5

-

-

.4

( 2)

.1
-

.2

1. 5

-

.1

4. 7

1 1 .9
4. 8

1. 3

.3

3 .4

-

.6

-

1 .9

. 1

(2)

-

1 .9

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h if t s , an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s
e v en though they w e re not c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h if t s .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

14

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r i l 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s

___

_

___

U n d e r 3 7 l/2 h o u r s ---------------------------------hours

f i v e r "^7*/,

and

nnHpr

hours

____

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

2
1
2

2

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 34

100

1

hours
Dvpr

40

anrl nnHpr

4*
>
hours

4 R and und#
»
r

R0 hours

....

4R h o u r s
Ovpr

80
4
5
4

84
2
5
3

2

1

R0 hours

O v e r 50 h o u r s __________________________

1
2
3
4

86
7

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

1
15
1
11
72

1
2

30

14
82

70

7

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d i v is i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




15

T able B-4. Paid H olidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r of p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a ll y , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r i l 1 9 6 8 )
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________
W o rk e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ______________________ _____ ____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s ----------------- —
-------------

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 12

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

1

-

-

(4 )

“

2
2

1
1
6

1

(4 )

1
8

8
-

17

5
-

21
10
11
"

8
6
22
11
12
-

-

N u m b e r of d a y s
L e s s t h a n 5 h o l i d a y s — ------ — — ----------------5 h o l i d a y s _______
_____ — — _______
___
6 h o l i d a y s _ _ _________
______ _______________
7 h o l i d a y s ____ ___ — —
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y __ __ __________ — __
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ____ — __ _______
.. ,_
8 h o lid a y s
. ______ _________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ____ —
— ________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
_____ —
9 h o lid a y s
_______ ,r__ __________, . ____
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y . ----- _ . ___ ____
___ 9 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s .
—
10 h o l i d a y s ____
—
—
— — ___________
.. 11 h o l i d a y s . —
— —_____ ___________
12 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------

7
11
1

7
15
7
5

7

57
-

3
5
1

3
3

(4 )

13

17

10
12

12
15
6
18
18

4
15
14

2

37

-

1

-

30

9

8

"

11
1

“

■

-

-

-

-

1
12
12
21

-

-

15
46

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
12 d a y s ____________________________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e __
— -------- -------- . --------I 0 V2 d a y s o r m o r e . ---------- -------------- -------- 10 d a y s o r r n n r p
__ „
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e
__
— _____ — -------- —
— — --------- —
9 d a y s o r m o r e . . . — ----8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e
—
------- ----------------8 d ay s o r m o re
______ r______^ ___,___„______
7VZ d a y s o r m o r e _
--------------------- . . ------7 days o r m o re
------- ---- __ ------------- __ _
6 days o r m o re
- —
— —
----------5 days o r m o re ... — —
___
4 days o r m o re . . . .
— _. —
----- .
2 days o r m o re - - — —
__
__ ._

1
2
3
4
5
n o h a lf

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ; r e t a i l
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f f u ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t
d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll




-

-

-

11
21

12

30
30
87
87
92
92

47
54
76
78
89
95
97
98
99

23
51
59
84
85
92
98
99
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

35
55
67
90
91
95
98
99
99
99

-

-

-

15

8

61
61

26
50
65
94
94
97

99
100
100

100

98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
add to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u ll d a y s and
d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n . P r o p o r t io n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .

16

Table B-5. Paid V acations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r i l 1968)
P la n t w o rk e rs

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

V a c a ti o n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A11 w o r k e r s ___________________________________

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

10 0

10 0

100

100

100

100

98
39
60
-

10 0
31
69
-

100
93
7
-

100
98
2
-

100
;7
3
-

100
100
-

2

-

47
13
-

54
7
-

_
69
-

2
78
12

2
90
1

_
78
-

58
11
29

60
13
27

24
76

8
92

7
93

5
95

43
15
39
1

49
17
33
1

18
82
-

2
98
-

3
97
-

.
100
-

33
15
49
1

38
17
43
1

100
-

2
98
-

3
97
-

1 00
-

1 w e e k - ______ ______. . . . ___ ___ __________________ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------- __ ---------------2 w e e k s _ ______________ _________ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — — ___ ___ —

33
15
49
1

38
17
43
1

100
-

2
98
-

3
97
-

100
-

A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 wrc* c*\c
2 w eeks _ .
--------------- ------------- -----------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1
65
14
18

1
62
17
20

100
-

1
63
16
20

( 6)
55
20
25

_
100
-

( 6)
20
21
54
3

18
24
54
4

-

( 6)
13
4
77
7

12
5
74
8

( 6)
17
22
56
3

( 6)
13
4
77
7

-

.

16
26
55
4

12
5
74
8

6

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _____- ______ ______
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____________ ________ —
O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________ — ------------- —
2 w e e k s ----------------------------- — ------------------- ----- A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k .___ ___ ____ _______ ______ ______— . — ---------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------- --------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------- ------A f te r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s . . __ _______ ________________ ___________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s . . __ _. __ _____ __
A f te r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -------------- ------------------ ----- --------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
A f t e r 4 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k . __________ __ ____ ______ ___ __________________
2 w e e k s ___ _________ ____ —
_ - _ - —
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------ . . . ____ — ----3 w eeks _
______
_______ 4 w e e k s ----------------------- ---------------------------------------------

-

100
-

6
_

94
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ppV
2 w e e k s ________ ________ ._ ___
___ — _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ._ . ___ _____ . . . .
—
—
4 w e e k s __ _________ __ ____ __________ .

S e e f o o tn o t e s at end of ta b le ,




.

_
-

1 00
“

.

94
"

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r i l 1968)
P la n t w o rk e rs

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 12

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5---- C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________ —---------- — -------------------------------------2 w eeks
__
____
_ -- ---------- —
3 w eeks
__ __ ____
------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________ —
______
_ _ -

( 6)
12
54
2
30

_
10
55
3
32

_
51
49

( 6)
4
57
38

_
3
52
45

_
40
60

( 6)
12
22
1
42
10
11

10
21
1
43
12
13

_
8
92
-

( 6)
4
15
65
16

3
16
62
20

2
98
"

( 6)
12
19
1
29
10
27

_
10
18
1
27
12
32

_
100
-

( 6)
4
11
46
5
33

_
3
11
44
43

_
100
-

( 6)
12
19
1
29
10
14
13

10
18
1
27
12
16
15

1 00
-

( 6)
4
11

3
11

-

( 6)
12
19
1
28
10
15
13
”

10
18
1
27
12
16
15
“

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __ __
__ — _____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _
2 w e e k s _ __
_
—
__ _ _
3 w e e k s ____
_
__ __
_
____
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
_ _
4 w e e k s __
_ _ _ _
----O v er 4 and u n d e r 5 w eek s —
__ — __ — __
5 w e e k s __
__
_ —
__ ____________ _
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___ __
—
___ — _____
— ----2 w eeks
. ... r- _______ ., _,.
______
3 w e e k s __ _ — _
__ _ - __ —
_ __
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------- --------------------4 w e e k s __ _ _ — —
— __
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _
_ ------5 w e e k s . ----- — ------------- — _
— - —

-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s ----- ---------- ----__
_ - —
3 w e e k s ____________ ______________ ___ ________ ______
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ __
_ ____
4 w eeks
_ -------- — -------- ------ _
— _
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s — —
_____
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

44
28
14

100
-

11
-

_
3
11
-

44

44

24
11
5

28
14
~

_
59
41
-

46
-

27
11

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks _ _ _ _ _
__ _
—
3 w e e k s _— . . . — ,
---------------O v er 3 and u n d e r 4 w eeks
4 w e e k s - ----- __ --------_ - O v er 4 and u n d e r 5 w eek s
_ __
5 w eeks —
_
_
— __
6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

_

_
70
30
“

(6)

4

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly . E x c lu d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s and t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f fe r " e x ten d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n S e p a r a t e ly .
5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o t h e r th a n [^'le n g th o f t im e ," s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c d n sid i^ r e ^ a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r il y and do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t io n s i n d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e fo r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e fo r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f te r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




18

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , 1 W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ,, A p r i l 1968)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e of b e n e f i t
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

100

100

100

100

100

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e — --------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in su ra n c e .
______________ __________ - —
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 ---------------------------------------

93

98

100

98

99

100

81

86

87

89

91

93

88

91

95

91

92

100

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -------------S i c k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) ___________________________

81

90

26

51

60

28

9

1

69

86

86

94

11

13

"

1

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _____________ —-------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e . ____________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ______
______ _____
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n . ___ ____ ______ _ _____
N o h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n _____

92
92
91
54
83
6

98
98
97
56
90
2

100
100
82
82
95

96
96
95
80
94
2

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g ;

99
99
98
80
98
(6 )

100
100
100
100
95

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f t h e c o s t i s b o r n e b y t h e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
andr a ilro a d re tire m e n t.
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v is io n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
a t le a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n i n d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




19

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r i l 1968)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m i u m p a y p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 12

100

100

100

89

95

100

87

95

70

2
1
85

2
1
92

70

1
11
58

1

-

30

-

-

29

15

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

71

85

85

71

85

85

14
71

26
59

100

D a i ly o v e r t i m e a t p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r tim e
p a y 4 a t p r e m i u m r a t e s _________________________
T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f ____________________________
E f fe c tiv e a f te r :
7 h o u r s ___________________________________
7 V2 h o u r s __ ____________________________
74/5 h o u r s _____________ ______________ __
8 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------O th e r p re m iu m r a te s

_______________________

-

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r tim e p a y
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 5_____________________________
W e e k ly o v e r tim e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r tim e
p a y 4 a t p re m iu m r a t e s .
__________________ ___
T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f _______ __________ ______
E f fe c tiv e a f t e r :
35 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s _______________________________
3 9 V4 h o u r s _________ ____________________
40 h o u rs
........ .
. ...............
O v e r 4 0 h o u r s _____
_________ _____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r tim e p a y
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 5_____________________________ _

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

2
1
-

2
1

96

97

100

3
11
85
1

2
14
82
1

2

-

-

26
74

(6 )

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o v e r e d b y l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s ! r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , e v e n th o u g h s u c h w o r k e r s a c t u a ll y d o n o t w o r k o v e r t i m e . G r a d u a te d p r o v is io n s
f o r p r e m iu m p a y a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r th e f i r s t e f f e c t i v e p r e m iu m r a t e .
F o r e x a m p le , a p la n c a ll i n g f o r t im e a n d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 a n d d o u b le t im e a f t e r 10 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s id e r e d a s tim e
an d o n e - h a lf a f t e r 8 h o u r s .
S i m i l a r l y , a p la n c a ll i n g f o r n o pa y o r p a y a t a r e g u la r r a te a f t e r 35 h o u r s a n d t im e a n d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 4 0 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s id e r e d a s t im e and o n e - h a lf a f t e r
40 h o u r s.
5 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e x e m p t fr o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r o f p o l ic y , o v e r t i m e i s n o t w o r k e d
6 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .







Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing jo b descriptions for th e Bureau's w age surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em p lo y ed under a v a rie ty of payroll title s
and different work arrangem ents from estab lish m en t to estab lish m en t and from area to area. This perm its
the grouping of occupational w age rates representing co m p arab le jo b co n ten t. Because of this em phasis on
in terestablishm ent and in terarea co m p arab ility o f o cc u p atio n al co n ten t, th e Bureau's jo b descriptions m ay
d iffer significantly from those in use in ind iv id u al establishm ents or those p repared for o th er purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's fie ld econom ists are in stru cted to exclude w orking supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and h an d icap p ed , p a r t-tim e , tem p o rary , and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

P repares sta te m en ts, b ills, and invoices on a m ach in e o th er th an
an ordinary or e le c tro m a tic typew riter. May also k e e p records as to
b illin g s o r shipping charges or perform other cle ric a l work in c id en tal to
b illin g operations. F or w age study purposes, billers, m ach in e, are c la s ­
sified by type of m a ch in e , as follows:

colum ns and com putes, and usually prints au to m atica lly the debit or
c re d it b alances. Does n o t involve a know ledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and cred it slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (R em ington Rand, E lliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational Cash R egister, w ith o r w ithout a type­
w riter keyboard) to k ee p a record of business transactions.

B iller, m a ch in e (b illin g m ach in e). Uses a sp ecial b illin g m a ­
chine (M oon H opkins, E llio tt Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , w hich are
co m b in atio n typing an d adding m achines) to prepare b ills and
invoices fro m custom ers' purchase orders, internally p repared orders,
flip p in g m em orandum s, e tc . U sually involves ap p lica tio n of p re ­
d eterm in e d discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, w hich m ay or m ay not be com puted on the b illin g m a ­
c h in e , a n d to ta ls w hich are au to m atica lly ac cu m u lated by m ach in e.
T he o p era tio n usually involves a large num ber of carbon copies of the
b ill b ein g p rep a re d an d is often done on a fanfold m ach in e.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a know ledge o f and
ex perience in b asic bookkeeping p rinciples, and fam iliarity w ith the
structure of the p articu la r accounting system used. D eterm ines proper
records and distribution of d eb it and cre d it item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, b alance sheets,
and o th er records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little know ledge of basic book­
k eeping. Phases or sections include accounts p ay ab le, p ayroll, cus­
to m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of b illin g described
under b ille r, m ach in e), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory co n tro l, e tc .
May ch eck or assist in preparation of tria l
b alances and prepare control dieets for th e accounting departm ent.

B iller, m a c h in e (bookkeeping m ach in e). Uses a bookkeeping
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt Fisher, R em ington R and, e t c . , w hich
m ay o r m ay n o t h av e ty p ew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers' bills
as p a r t o f th e accounts rec eiv a b le operation. G enerally involves the
sim ultaneous en try o f figures on custom ers1 ledger record. The m a ­
ch in e a u to m a tic a lly ac cu m u lates figures on a num ber o f v e rtic a l




Note: Since the la st survey in this a re a , th e Bureau has discontinued c o lle c tin g d ata for d u p licatin g m a ch in e operators and elev ato r operators.

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . U nder g en eral direction of a bookkeeper o r acco u n tan t,
has responsibility for keep in g one or m ore sections of a co m p lete set
of books or records re la tin g to one phase of an estab lish m en t's b u si­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and b alan c in g subsidiary
le d g e r or ledgers such as accounts receiv ab le or accounts p ay ab le;
exam in in g and coding invoices or vouchers w ith proper accounting
d istribution; and requires jud g m en t and ex p erien ce in m aking proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in p reparing, adjusting, and
closing jo u rn al entries; and m ay d irec t class B acco u n tin g clerks.
Class B. U nder supervision, perform s one or m ore routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers o r accounts
p ayable vouchers, en terin g vouchers in vou ch er registers; rec o n cilin g
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers co n tro lled by g en eral
ledgers, or posting sim ple cost accounting d ata.
This job* does n ot
require a know ledge o f accounting and bookkeeping p rin cip les b u t
is found in offices in w hich the m ore routine acco u n tin g woik is
subdivided on a fun ctio n al basis am ong several w oikers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filin g system co n tain in g a num ber
of v a rie d sub ject m a tte r files, classifies and indexes file m a te ria l
such as correspondence, reports, te c h n ic a l docum ents, etc.
May
also file this m a te ria l. May k eep records of various types in con­
ju n c tio n w ith the files. May le a d a sm all group of low er le v e l file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m a te ria l by sim ple
(su b ject m atter) headings or partly classified m a te ria l by fin er sub­
headings. Prepares sim ple re la te d index and cro ss-referen ce aids.
As requested, lo cates c le a rly id e n tified m a te ria l in files and forwards
m a te ria l.
May perform re la te d c le ric a l tasks req u ired to m a in ta in
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives custom ers' orders for m a te ria l o r m erchandise by m a il,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any co m b in atio n of th e follow ing:
Q uoting prices to custom ers; m aking o ut an ord er sh eet listin g the item s
to m ake up the order; checking p rices and q u an tities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ectiv e d ep artm en ts to be filled .
May check w ith cred it departm ent to d eterm in e c re d it ratin g o f custom er,
acknow ledge rec eip t of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
th a t they have been fille d , k eep file of orders re c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping
invoices w ith original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Com putes wages of com pany em ployees and enters th e necessary
data on th e payroll sheets. D uties involve: C a lc u latin g w orkers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; an d posting c a lc u la te d d ata on p ay ro ll
sheet, showing inform ation such as w orker's n a m e , w orking days, tim e ,
ra te , deductions for insurance, a n d to ta l w ages due. May m ake o u t p a y checks and assist paym aster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a ca lcu latin g m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Prim ary duty is to o p erate a C o m p to m e ter to perform m a th e ­
m a tic a l com putations. This job is n o t to be confused w ith th a t of statis­
tic a l or other type of clerk , w hich m ay involve freq u en t use o f a C om p­
to m e te r but, in w hich, use of th is m a ch in e is in c id e n ta l to perform ance
of o th er duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filin g of m a te ria l th a t has alread y
b ee n classified or w hich is easily classified in a sim ple serial classi­
fic a tio n system (e. g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, chronological, or n u m erical).
As requested, lo c ate s re a d ily -a v a ila b le m a te ria l in files and forwards
m a te ria l; and m ay fill out w ithdraw al charge.
Perform s sim ple
c le ric a l and m anual tasks required to m a in ta in and service files.




Class A. O perates a n u m e ric a l a n d /o r alp h ab e tic al or co m b in a­
tio n keypunch m achine to transcribe d ata from various source docu­
m ents to keypunch ta b u latin g cards. Perform s sam e tasks as low er
le v e l keypunch operator b u t, in ad d itio n , work requires ap p lic a tio n

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the m aking of some determ inations, for ex am p le,
lo c ate s on the source docum ent the item s to be punched; ex tracts
in fo rm atio n from sev eral docum ents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on th e docum ent to determ ine inform ation to be punched.
May tra in in e x p erien c ed operators.
Class B. U nder close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source docum ents to punched
cards.
O perates a nu m erical an d /o r alp h ab etical or co m b in atio n
keypunch m a ch in e to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
W orking from various standardized source docum ents, follows sp ecified
sequences w hich hav e b ee n coded or prescribed in d e ta il and require
little or no se le c tin g , coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problem s arising from erroneous item s or codes, missing inform ation,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
m in or office m ach in es such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le ric a l work.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal secretary, norm ally to one individual. M ain­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d a y -to -d a y work
a c tiv itie s of the supervisor. Woiks fairly independently receiv in g a m in i­
m u m of d e ta ile d supervision and guidance. Performs v aried c le ric a l and
se c re ta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the follow ing: (a) R eceives
telephone c a lls , personal calle rs, and incom ing m a il, answers routine
inquiries, and routes th e te ch n ic al inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, m ain ta in s, and revises the supervisors files; (c) m aintains the
su p erv iso rs c a le n d a r and m akes appointm ents as instructed; (d) relays
m essages fro m supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m e m ­
oran da, and reports p rep a re d by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure p rocedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) perform s stenographic
and typing w ork.
M ay also perform other c le ric a l and secretarial tasks o f co m ­
p ara b le natu re and d ifficu lty . The work ty p ically requires know ledge of
o ffice routine an d understanding of the organization, program s, and pro­
cedures r e la te d to th e w oik o f the supervisor.




SECRETA RY— Continue d
Exclusions
N ot all positions th a t are title d "secretary ” possess the above
ch aracteristics. Exam ples of positions w hich are excluded from the def­
in itio n are as follows: (a) Positions w hich do n ot m e e t the "personal”
secretary co n cep t described above; (b) stenographers not fully train ed in
se creta rial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, te c h n ic a l, or m a n ag erial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in w hich the duties are e ith e r substantially m ore routine or substan­
tia lly m ore com plex and responsible th an those ch aracterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions w hich involve m ore d ifficu lt or more
responsible te c h n ic a l, ad m in istrativ e, supervisory, or specialized clerica l
duties w hich are n o t ty p ic al of secreta rial work.
NOTE: The te rm "corporate officer," used in the le v e l definitions
follow ing, refers to those o fficials who h av e a significant corporate-w ide
po licy m ak in g role w ith regard to m ajor com pany ac tiv itie s.
The title
"v ice p resid e n t," though n o rm ally in d icativ e of this role, does n o tin all
cases id en tify such positions. V ice presidents whose prim ary responsibility
is to a c t personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual lo an or cred it actions; adm inister individual trust accounts;
d irectly supervise a c le ric a l staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the follow ing le v el definitions.
Class A
a. S ecretary to the ch airm an of the board or president of a
com pany th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b.
S ecretary to a corporate o fficer (o th er than the chairm an of
the board or president) of a com pany th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0 but
few er th an 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.
S ecretary to the h ead (im m e d iately below the corporate
o fficer lev el) of a m ajo r segm ent or subsidiary of a com pany th a t em ploys,
in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B
a. S ecretary to the ch airm an of th e board or president of a
com pany th a t em ploys, in a ll, few er than 100 persons; or
b. S ecretary to a corporate o fficer (other than ch airm an of the
board or president) of a com pany th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but few er
th an 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

24

SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
S ecretary to the h e a d (im m e d ia te ly below th e o fficer le v e l)
over e ith e r a m a jo r corporate - wi de fun ctio n al a c tiv ity ( e .g . , m ark etin g ,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c . ) or a m a jo r geographic o r
organizational segm ent ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a m ajo r division)
of a com pany th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0 b u t few er th an 2 5 ,0 0 0
em ployees; or

May m a in ta in files, k eep sim ple records, or perform o th er re la tiv e ly rou­
tin e c le ric a l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include tran scrib in g -m ach in e work. (See tran sc rib in g -m ac h in e o p e ra to r.)

d. S ecretary to the h ead of an indiv id u al p la n t, facto ry , etc.
(or oth er eq u iv ale n t le v e l of official) th a t em ploys, in a ll, o ver 5 ,0 0 0
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Prim ary duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n involving a v arie d te c h n ic a l or
specialized vocabulary such as in le g a l briefs o r reports on sc ie n tific re ­
search from one or m ore persons e ith e r in shorthand o r by Stenotype or
sim ila r m achine; and transcribe d ic ta tio n .
M ay also type from w ritte n
copy. M ay also set up and m a in ta in file s, k ee p records, etc.

OR
e.
S ecretary to the h ea d of a larg e and im p o rtan t organizational
Performs
stenographic
duties
requiring sig n ifican tly g re a te r in d e­
segm ent (e . g . , a m iddle m a n ag em en t supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence
and
responsibility
th
an
stenographers,
g en eral as ev id en ced
m ent often involving as m any as several hundred persons) o f a com pany
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough w orking know ledge of g en eral business and
Class C
office procedures and of the sp e cific business op eratio n s, organization,
p o licies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this know ledge in p e r­
a. S ecretary to an ex ecutive or m a n ag e ria l person whose respon­
form ing stenographic duties and responsible c le ric a l tasks such as, m a in ­
sibility is no t eq u iv ale n t to one of the sp e cific le v e l situations in the d ef­
tain in g followup files; assem bling m a te ria l for reports, m em orandum s,
inition for class B, b u t whose subordinate staff norm ally num bers a t le a st
le tte rs, e t c . ; com posing sim ple le tte rs from g en eral instructions; reading
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segm ents
and routing incom ing m ail; and answ ering routine questions, etc. Does
w hich are often , in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this le v e l
not include tran scrib in g -m ach in e w ork.
includes a w ide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. S ecretary to the h ea d of an indiv id u al p la n t, factory, etc.
(or o ther eq u iv ale n t le v e l of o fficial) th a t em ploys, in a ll, few er than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.

Class A . O perates a sin g le- or m u ltip le -p o sitio n telep h o n e
sw itchboard handling incom ing, o utgoing, in tra p la n t or office calls. P er­
forms full telephone inform ation service o r h an d les co m plex c a lls , such as
co n feren ce, c o lle c t, overseas, or sim ila r ca lls, e ith e r in ad d itio n to doing
routine work as described for sw itchboard o p erato r, class B, or as a fu ll­
tim e assignm ent. (’’Full" telephone in fo rm atio n service occurs w hen the
establishm ent has v arie d functions th a t are n o t rea d ily understandable for
telep h o n e inform ation purposes, e .g ., because of overlapping or in te rre la te d
functions, and consequently present freq u en t problem s as to w hich e x te n ­
sions are appropriate for c a lls .)

Class D
a. S ecretary to the supervisor or h ead of a sm all organizational
u nit ( e . g . , few er than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. S ecretary to a nonsupervisory staff sp ecialist, professional
em plo y ee, ad m in istrativ e officer, or assistant, sk illed te ch n ic ia n or expert.
(NOTE: M any com panies assign stenographers, rath er th an secretaries as
described above, to this le v e l of supervisory or nonsupervisory w o rk er.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take d ic tatio n involving a norm al routine v o ­
cabulary from one or more persons e ith e r in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ila r m achine; and transcribe d ictatio n .
May also type from w rit­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a sin g ler or m u ltip le -p o sitio n telep h o n e
sw itchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, in tra p la n t o r office calls. May
h andle routine long distance calls an d reco rd to lls. May perform lim ite d
telephone inform ation service. ( " L im ited ” te lep h o n e in fo rm atio n service
occurs if the functions of the estab lish m en t serv iced are rea d ily u nderstand­
able for telephone inform ation purposes, o r if the requests are ro u tin e,
e . g . , giving extension numbers w hen sp ecific nam es are furnished, or if
com plex calls are referred to an o th er o p e ra to r.)

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In ad d itio n to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-position
or m o n ito r-ty p e sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform ro utine c le ric a l work as p art of regular duties.
This typing or
c le ric a l w ork m ay ta k e the m ajor part of this worker* s tim e w hile a t
sw itchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— C ontinued

some filing woik.
The work ty p ic ally involves portions of a woik
unit, for ex am p le, individual sorting or co llatin g runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. O perates a variety Of tabulating or e le c tric a l ac co u n t­
ing m a ch in es, ty p ic a lly including such m achines as the tab u lato r,
c a lc u la to r, in te rp re ter, collator, and others. Performs com p lete
reporting assignm ents w ithout close supervision, and perform s d ifficu lt
w iring as required.
The com plete reporting and tab u latin g assign­
m ents ty p ic a lly involve a variety of long and com plex reports w hich
often are of irreg u lar or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more ex perienced operator,
is ty p ic a lly involved in training new operators in m achine operations,
or p a rtia lly tra in e d operators in w iring from diagram s and operating
sequences of long and com plex reports. Does not include working
supervisors perform ing ta b u latin g -m ac h in e operations and d ay -to -d ay
supervision of the work and production of a group of ta b u latin g m ach in e operators.

Class B. O perates m ore d ifficult tabulatin g or e le c tric a l acco u n t­
ing m a ch in e s such as th e tabulator and calcu lato r, in ad dition to the
sorter, reproducer, and co llato r. This work is perform ed under specific
instructions and m ay include the perform ance of some w iring from
diagram s.
The work ty p ic ally involves, for ex am p le, tabulations
involving a re p e titiv e accounting exercise, a co m p lete b u t sm all
ta b u la tin g study, or parts o f a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the train in g of new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.

Class C.
O perates sim ple ta b u latin g or e le c tric a l accounting
m ach in es such as the sorter, reproducing punch, c o lla to r, etc. , w ith
sp e cific instructions. M ay include sim ple wiring from diagram s and




Prim ary duty is to transcribe d ictatio n involving a norm al routine
vocabulary from tran scrib in g -m ach in e records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple c le ric a l woik. Workers transcribing d ictatio n involving
a varied te ch n ic al or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scien tific research are not included. A w orker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typew riter to m ake copies of various m aterial or to make
out b ills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do c le ric a l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple records, filin g records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the follow ing: Typing m a­
te rial in fin al form w hen it involves com bining m a teria l from several
sources or responsibility for co rrect spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of te c h n ic a l o r unusual words or foreign language m a­
te rial; and p lanning lay o u t and typing of co m p lic ate d statistical tables
to m a in tain uniform ity and b alan ce in spacing.
May type routine
form le tte rs varying d etails to suit circum stances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough o r c le a r drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tab les already setup and spaced properly.

26
PROFESSIONAL* AND TECHNIC AL
DRAFTSMAN— C ontinued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having
distinctive design features th a t differ sig n ifican tly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support w ith th e design originator,
and m ay reco m m en d m inor design changes. Analyzes the effec t of
ea ch change on th e d etails of form , functio n , and positional re la tio n ­
ships of com ponents and parts. Works w ith a m in im u m of supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is review ed by design o rig in ato r for con­
sistency w ith prior engineering determ inations. May e ith e r prepare
drawings, or d ire c t th e ir p reparation by low er le v el draftsm en.
Class B, Performs nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignm ents
th a t require the ap p lica tio n of m ost of th e standardized drawing te c h ­
niques regularly used. D uties ty p ic ally involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassem blies w ith irreg u lar shapes, m u ltip le
functions, and precise positional relationships betw een com ponents;
prepares a rc h ite c tu ra l drawings for construction of a building including
d etail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses a c c e p te d form ulas and m anuals in m aking necessary com putations
to d eterm in e q u antities of m aterials to be used, lo ad cap ac ities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives in itia l instructions, requirem ents,
and advice from supervisor. C om pleted work is ch eck ed for te ch n ic al
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares d e ta il drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, m anufacturing, or rep air purposes. Types
of drawings p repared include iso m etric projections (d ep ictin g three
dim ensions in ac cu rate scale) and se ctio n al view s to clarify positioning
of com ponents and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details
from a num ber of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested m ethods of approach, ap p lica b le p reced en ts, and ad v ice on
source m aterials are given w ith in itia l assignm ents. Instructions are
less com plete when assignm ents recur. Work m ay be sp o t-ch e ck e d
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prep ared by others by p la cin g trac in g
cloth or paper over drawings and tra c in g w ith p en or p en c il. (Does not
include tracing lim ite d to plans p rim a rily consisting o f straig h t lin es and
a larg e scale not requiring close d elin ea tio n . )
a n d /o r
Prepares sim ple or rep etitiv e drawings of easily visualized item s.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under g en eral m e d i­
c a l directio n to ill or injured em ployees or o th er persons who b eco m e ill or
suffer an accid en t on the prem ises of a facto ry or o th er estab lish m en t.
D uties involve a com bination of the follow ing: G iving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em p lo y ees’ injuries; k eep in g
records of patients treated; preparing a c c id e n t reports for co m pensation
or other purposes; assisting in p hysical ex am in atio n s and h e a lth ev alu atio n s
of applicants and em ployees; and p lan n in g and carrying o u t program s
involving h ea lth ed u cation, a c c id e n t p rev en tio n , ev a lu a tio n of p la n t e n ­
viro n m en t, or other activ ities affec tin g the h e a lth , w elfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A IN TEN A N C E AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— C ontinued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m a in ta in
in good repair building woodwork and eq u ip m en t such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim m ade
of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: P lan ­
ning and laying o u t of woik from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or v erbal
instructions using a v arie ty of ca rp en te r's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard m easuring instrum ents; m aking standard shop com putations
rela tin g to dimensions of work; and se lec tin g m a te ria ls necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the m ain te n an c e ca rp en ter requires
rounded training and experience usually acq u ired through a fo rm al ap ­
p renticeship or eq u iv alen t training and ex p erien ce.




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— C ontinued

Perform s a v a rie ty of e le c tric a l trade functions such as the in ­
sta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , or repair of equipm ent for the g en eratio n , dis­
trib u tio n , or u tiliza tio n of e le c tric energy in an estab lish m en t. Work
involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a v ariety of
e le c tric a l e q u ip m en t such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards, con­
trollers, c irc u it breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or o th er
transm ission equipm ent; w orking from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
o th er specifications; lo c atin g and diagnosing trouble in the e le c tric a l
system or eq u ip m en t; w orking standard com putations relatin g to load
req u irem ents of w iring or e le c tric a l equipm ent; and using a v ariety of
e le c tric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing instrum ents. In g en eral,
the work of the m a in te n a n c e e lec tricia n requires rounded training and
ex p erien ce usually acq u ired through a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv alen t
train in g and ex p e rien c e.

a worker supplied w ith m aterials and tools; clean in g working area, m a ­
chine, and equipm ent; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or tools;
and perform ing other unskilled tasks as d irec ted by journeym an. The kind
of work the h e lp e r is p erm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the h elp er is con fin ed to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a ­
terials and tools and clean in g working areas; and in others he is p erm itted
to perform specialized m achine operations, or parts of a trade th at are
also perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m ain tain s and m ay also supervise the op eratio n of
stationary engines and equ ip m en t (m ech an ical or e le c tric a l) to supply the
estab lish m e n t in w hich em ployed with power, h e a t, refrig eratio n , or
a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
Work involves: O perating and m ain tain in g equipm ent
such as ste am engines, a ir compressors, generators, m otors, turbines,
v e n tila tin g and refrig eratin g equipm ent, steam boilers and b o ile r-fe d
w ater pum ps; m aking eq u ip m en t repairs; and keeping a record of o p eration
of m a ch in e ry , te m p e ra tu re , and fuel consum ption. May also supervise
these operations. H ead or ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying
m ore th a n one en g in ee r are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires statio n ary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in w hich
em p loyed w ith h e a t, pow er, or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m e c h a n ic a l stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks w ater
and safety v alv es.
M ay c le a n , o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
eq u ipm ent.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or m ore workers in the skilled m a in te n an c e trades,
by p erform ing sp e cific o r gen eral duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the o p eratio n of one or more types of m achine
tools, such as jig borers, cy lin d rica l or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illin g m achines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing d ifficu lt m achining operations; processing item s requiring
co m p lic ate d setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
atio n sequence; and m aking necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recognize
w hen tools n eed dressing, to dress tools, and to se lec t proper coolants
and cutting and lu b ricatin g oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m a ch in e -to o l operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces rep la ce m en t parts and new parts in m aking repairs of
m e ta l parts of m e ch a n ica l equ ip m en t o p era ted in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost of the follow ing: In terp retin g w ritten instructions and sp eci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a v ariety of m achinist's
handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating
standard m ach in e tools; shaping of m e ta l parts to close tolerances; m aking
standard shop com putations relatin g to dim ensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of m achining; know ledge of th e w orking properties of the
com m on m etals; selectin g standard m a teria ls, parts, and equipm ent re ­
quired for his work; and fittin g and assem bling parts into m ech an ical
equipm ent. In g en eral, the m ach in ist's work norm ally requires a rounded
training in m ach in e-sh o p p ra c tic e usually acq u ired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or eq u iv alen t train in g and experience.

28

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: E xam ining au to m o tiv e
equ ip m en t to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling eq u ip m en t and
perform ing repairs th a t involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gages, drills, or specialized equ ip m en t in disassem bling or fittin g parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the v eh icle
and m aking necessary’ adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tigh ten in g body bolts. In gen eral, the work of the a u to ­
m otive m ech an ic requires rounded training and ex p erien ce usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv alen t train in g and ex p erien ce.

Lubricates, w ith o il or grease, the m oving parts or w earing sur­
faces of m ech an ical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m e ch a n ica l equip m en t of an establishm ent.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Exam ining m achines and m e ch a n ica l
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or p artly dism antling
m achines and perform ing repairs th a t m ainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fittin g parts; rep lacin g broken or defectiv e parts w ith item s
o b tained from stock; ordering the production of a rep la ce m en t p art by a
m achine shop or sending of the m achine to a m achine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing w ritten specifications for m ajo r repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling m achines; and
m aking all necessary adjustm ents for operation. In g en eral, the work of
a m a in te n an c e m ech an ic requires rounded train in g and ex p erien ce usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv ale n t train in g and e x ­
p erience.
E xcluded from this classificatio n are workers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipm ent, and dism antles and
installs m achines or heavy eq u ip m en t when changes in the p la n t la y o u t
are required. Work involves m ost of the following: P lanning and lay in g
out of the work; in terpreting blueprints or o th e r specifications; using a
v ariety of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop com putations re ­
lating to stresses, strength of m ateria ls, and centers of gravity; alining,
and b alan c in g of equipm ent; se lec tin g standard tools, eq u ip m en t, and
parts to be used; and installing and m aintain in g in good order pow er
transm ission equ ip m en t such as drives and speed reducers. In g en eral,
the m illw rig h t's work norm ally requires a rounded train in g and ex perience
in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or e q u iv ale n t tra in ­
ing and ex p e rien ce.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the follow ing: K nowledge of surface p e c u li­
arities and types of p ain t required for d ifferen t ap p licatio n s; p reparing
surface for painting by rem oving o ld finish or by p la cin g p u tty or fille r
in n ail holes and interstices; and applying p a in t writh spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, w hite le ad , and o th e r p a in t ingredients to o b tain
proper color or consistency. In g en eral, the work o f th e m ain te n an c e
p a in te r requires rounded train in g and ex p erien ce usually acq u ired through
a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv ale n t train in g and ex p erien ce.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or o th e r types o f pipe and
p ipefittings in an establishm ent.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Laying out of work and m easuring to lo c a te position of p ip e from drawings
or o th er w ritten specifications; cu ttin g various sizes of pipe to co rrec t
lengths w ith chisel and h am m er or o x y ac ety len e torch or p ip e -c u ttin g
m achine; threading pipe w ith stocks and dies; bending p ipe by h an d -d riv en
or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling pipe w ith couplings and fasten in g
pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop co m p u tatio n s rela tin g to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and m aking standard tests to d eterm in e
w hether finished pipes m e e t sp ecificatio n s. In g en e ral, the woik of the
m ain ten an ce p ip e fitter requires rounded tra in in g and ex p erien ce usually
acq u ired through a form al appren ticesh ip or eq u iv ale n t train in g and e x ­
p erien ce. Workers p rim arily engaged in in stallin g and rep airin g b u ild in g
san itatio n or h eatin g systems are ex c lu d e d .

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plum bing system o f an estab lish m en t in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding in sta lla tio n of vents
and traps in plum bing system; in stallin g or rep airin g pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains w ith a plu n g er or p lu m b e r's snake. In g en e ral,
the work of the m ain ten an ce p lu m b er requires rounded train in g and e x ­
p erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship o r e q u iv ale n t
train in g and experience.

29

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— C ontinued

F ab rica tes, installs, and m aintains in good repair the sh e e t-m e ta l
eq u ip m en t and fixtures (such as m achine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lo ck ers, tanks, v e n tila to rs, chutes, ducts, m e tal roofing) of an establish­
m en t. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and lay in g o u t all
types of s h e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce work from blueprints, m odels, or o th er
sp ecifications; se ttin g up and operating all available types of sh e e t-m e ta l­
w orking m achines; using a v arie ty of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fittin g , and assem bling; and installing sh e e t-m e ta l articles
as required. In g en e ral, the work of the m aintenance sh e e t-m e ta l w orker
requires rounded train in g and experience usually acquired through a form al
ap p renticeship or e q u iv a le n t training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(D ie m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker;

volves m ost of th e follow ing; Planning and lay in g o u t of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or o th er o ral and w ritten specifications;
using a v arie ty of tool and die m ak er's handtools and precision m easuring
instrum ents; understanding of the working properties of com m on m etals
and alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools and rela ted equip­
m ent; m aking necessary shop com putations rela tin g to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling o f m achines; h e a ttre a tin g of m e ta l parts during
fab ricatio n as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required q u al­
ities; w orking to close to leran ces; fittin g and assem bling of parts to pre­
scribed to leran ces and allow ances; and se lectin g appropriate m aterials,
tools, and processes. In g en eral, the to o l and die m ak er's work requires
a rounded train in g in m ach in e-sh o p and toolroom p ra c tic e usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv ale n t train in g and experience.

gage m aker)

C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and o ther m e tal-fo rm in g work. Work in ­

CUSTODIAL AND

For cross-industry w age study purposes, tool and die m akers in
tool and die jobbing shops are exclu d ed from this classification.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— C ontinued

G uard. Perform s routine police duties, eith er a t fix ed post or
on to u r, m a in ta in in g order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
g a te m e n who are statio n ed a t gate and check on id en tity of em ployees
and oth er persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m e ta l fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance
services; and clean in g lav ato ries, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are ex clu d ed .

W a tc h m an . M akes rounds of prem ises perio d ically in p ro tectin g
property ag ain st fire , th e ft, and illeg a l entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; h an d ler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock h elper, w arehousem an or w arehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sw eeper; charw om an; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory w orking areas
and w ashroom s, or prem ises of an office, ap artm en t house, or co m m eric al
or o th e r estab lish m en t. D uties involve a com bination of th e follow ing:
Sw eeping, m opping o r scrubbing, and polishing floors; rem oving chips,




A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing p lan t, store,
or oth er estab lish m en t whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or oth er transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or p lacin g m a teria ls o r m erchandise in proper storage lo catio n ; and trans­
porting m a teria ls or m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who lo ad and unload ships are ex c lu d e d .

30

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— C ontinued
For wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follows;

(O rder p icker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping o r transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in ac cordance w ith specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or o th e r instructions. M ay, in add itio n to fillin g orders and in ­
d icatin g item s fille d or o m itte d , k ee p records o f outgoing orders, req u i­
sition ad d itio n a l stock o r rep o rt short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other re la te d duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipm ent or storage by p la cin g th e m
in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed b eing dependent
upon th e ty p e , size, and num ber of units to be p ack ed , the type of con­
ta in e r em p lo y ed , and m eth o d of shipm ent. Work requires the p la cin g of
item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the follow ing;
K now ledge o f various item s of stock in order to verify co n ten t; se lec tio n
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in co n tain er,
using ex celsio r or o th er m a te ria l to prev en t b reak ag e o r dam age; closing
and sealin g container; and applying labels or en terin g iden tify in g d ata on
con tain er. Packers who also m ake w ooden boxes o r crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is responsible
for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m ateria ls. Shipping work
involves; A know ledge o f shipping procedures, p ra c tic e s, routes, av a ila b le
m eans of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of th e goods
shipped, m ak in g up b ills of lading, posting w eig h t an d shipping charges,
and k e e p in g a file of shipping records. May d ire c t o r assist in p reparing
the m erchandise for shipm ent. R eceiving work involves: V erifying o r
d irectin g others in v erifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st b ills o f
lad in g , inv o ices, or o th e r records; checking for shortages and re je c tin g
dam aged goods; routing m erchandise o r m a teria ls to proper departm ents;
and m a in ta in in g necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck w ithin a c ity o r in d u strial are a to transport m a ­
te ria ls, m erchandise, eq u ipm ent, o r m en b etw een various types of es­
tablishm ents such as; M anufacturing p lan ts, fre ig h t depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il establishm ents, or b etw een re ta il establishm ents and
customers* houses or places of business.
M ay also lo a d or unload tru ck
w ith or w ithout helpers, m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l repairs, and k eep tru ck
in good working order. D riv er-salesm en and o v e r-th e -ro a d drivers are
ex clu d ed .
For w age study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equ ip m en t, as follows: ( T ra c to r-tra ile r should be rate d on the
basis o f tra ile r c a p a c ity .)
T ruckdriver (com bination of sizes liste d sep arately )
Truck driver, lig h t (under 1V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, m edium ( 1V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
T ruckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, o th e r th an tra ile r ty p e)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a m anually co n tro lled g aso lin e - o r e le c tric -p o w e re d
truck or tracto r to transport goods and m a teria ls of a ll kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing p lan t, or o th er establishm ent.
For w age study purposes, w oikers are classified by type of tru ck ,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
T rucker, power (other th a n forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R eq u es t----T h e eig h th an n u al r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s fo r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s ,
a t t o r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a ly s t s , d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o f f ic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r a s BL.S B u lle t in 1 5 8 5 , N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1 9 6 7 .
F if ty c e n t s
a copy.




Area W age Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i la b le b u lle t in s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y i n d ic a tin g d a t e s of e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s of the b u lle tin s is
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d en t of D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f ic e , W ash in gton, D .C ., 20402,
or f r o m any of the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh own on the i n s i d e front c o v e r .
A rea

B u l l e t i n nu m b e r
and p r i c e
1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

1530-53,
1530-71,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 ________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 1 ,
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 7 1 _____________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 5 2 ,
C a n t o n , O h i o , A p r . 1 9 6 7 _________________________________
1530-58,
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 ---------------------------------------- 1 5 3 0 - 6 1 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
1530-64,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , A u g . 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------— 157 5 - 7 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 7 1 ________________________________
1530-73,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —I n d . , M a r . 196 7 _______ _______— 1 5 3 0 - 5 6 ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 1 4 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 7 _______________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 3 ,
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 __________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 0 ,
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , Io w a —111.,
O c t . 1 9 6 7 _____________ - ____________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 1 r _------------------------------------ --------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b . _19/68 1 ---------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 967_____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d ., D e c . 1 9 6 7 1___________________________

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 7 1_________________________________
A l b a n y ^ - S c h e n e c t a d y ^ - T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1967 ----------------A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 967 ___________________ _
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N. J . ,
F e b . 1967 _________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , O c t . 1 9 6 7 ------------ ---------------------------------B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1967 _____
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 1 __________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 7 1---------------------------------------------

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1 ____________ - __ - ____________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 1___________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1967 ----------------L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 ---------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 196 7 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d . , F e b . 1 967 1 _______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1---------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 1_________________________________
M i d l a n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 196 7 ---------------------------

M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , Apr. 1967 1___________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, Minn., Jan. 1967 1______________
M usk egon—M u sk egon H e i g h t s , M ic h ., M ay 1967 _________
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N . J ., F e b . 1967 __________ -__
N e w H a v en , C on n., Jan. 1 968 1__________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., F e b . 1967 1 ________ __________________
N ew Y ork, N .Y ., A pr. 1967 1____________________________
N o r fo lk —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s —
H am pton, V a ., June 1967 1____________________________
O k la h o m a C ity, O k l a . , J u ly 1967 _______________________

B u l l e t i n num ber
and p r ic e
1530-76,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1 575-34,
1 5 3 0 -5 1 ,
1530-83,

30c e n t s
30c e n t s
20c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25c e n t s
30c e n t s
40 c e n ts

1530-82,
157 5 - 4 ,

25cen ts
20c e n ts

30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t 0
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

O m ah a, N e b r .—Iowa, Oct. 1 967 1________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 1 ,
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J ., May 1967 ____________ 1 5 3 0 - 6 7 ,
P h i la d e l p h i a , P a .—N . J ., Nov. 1967 1____________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 0 ,
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M ar. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
1530-59,
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1968 ________________ ____________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 4 ,
P o r t la n d , M ain e, Nov. 1 967 1------------------------------------------ 1 5 7 5 - 1 6 ,
P o r t l a n d , Or e g . —W a s h . , May 1967 _____________________ 1 5 3 0 -7 9 ,
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W ar w ick , R .I.—M a s s . ,
May 1967 1 ______________________________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 7 0 ,
R a l e ig h , N . C . , A u g. 1967 1--------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 6 ,
R ic h m o n d , V a ., Nov. 1967 1_____________________________ 1 57 5 - 2 7 ,
R o c k f o r d , 111., May 1967 ________________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 6 8 ,

25 c e n ts
25c e n t s
30c e n t s
20c e n t s
30c e n t s
25c e n t s
25c e n t s

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
157 5 - 5 2 ,
1575-45,
157 5 - 2 2 ,
157 5 - 5 ,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

25
30
25
30
35
25
20
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u i s , Mo .-111., Jan. 1968 _________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D e c . 1 9 6 7 ________________________
San A n tonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 _________________________
San B e r n a r d in o —R i v e r s i d e —O n ta r io , C a l i f .,
Aug. 1967 1______________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f ., Nov. 1967____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O akland, C a l i f ., Jan. 1 9 6 8 ______________
San J o s e , C a l i f ., Sept. 1967 1 ----------------------------------------Savan nah , G a ., May 1967 _______________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1967 1----------------------------------------------S e a t t le —E v e r e t t , W a sh ., N o v . 1967 1------------------------------

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30c e n t s
20c e n t s
25c en ts

1575-10,
157 5 -1 9 ,
1575-37,
1 575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1 575-29,

30c en ts
20c en ts
25c e n ts
25c e n ts
20c e n t s
25c e n t s
25 c en ts

1575-49,
1575-33,
157 5 - 3 0 ,
1530-77,
157 5 - 2 ,

30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1530-78,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

S iou x F a l l s , S. D a k ., Oct. 1967 1________________________
South B end, Ind., M ar. 1967 ____________________________
Sp okan e, W a sh ., June 1967 1 ____________________________
T am pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1967______________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M ic h ., F e b . 1968 ________________________
T r e n to n , N . J . , N ov. 1967-----------------------------------------------W ash in gton, D . C . —Md.—V a . , Sept. 1 967------------------------W ate rb u r y, C on n., A p r i l 1968 1 ________________________
W a t e r lo o , Iowa, Nov. 1967______________________________
W ich ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1967______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1967 __________________________
Y or k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------ -......................... ........
Y ou ngstow n—W a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1 967 1________________

1575-17,
1530-57,
1 5 3 0 -8 0 ,
1575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1 575-1 1,
1575-53,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
1575-25,

25c e n ts
20c e n t s
25c e n ts
25 c e n t s
30c e n t s
20c e n ts
25c e n t s
30c e n t s
20c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25c e n t s
30 c en ts
25c e n ts

* Data on establishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

30c e n t s
25c e n ts
25c e n t s
20c e n t s