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.o ,

Area 7 50' ?
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-47




T renton, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area
September 1977

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s
r e s u lt s o f a S e p te m b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in th e T r e n to n , N e w J e r s e y , Stand ard M e tr o p o lita n
S t a tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f th e B u re a u o f L a b o r
S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con d u cted b y the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
o f A n th o n y J. F e r r a r a , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y cou ld not h a ve b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t th e c o o p e r a tio n o f th e
m an y f ir m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l
in fo r m a tio n in th is b u lle tin . T h e B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia ­
tio n f o r th e c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .




M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in th e p u b lic d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P l e a s e c r e d it
th e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s and c ite th e n a m e and n u m b er o f th is
p u b lic a tio n .

Note:
A ls o a v a ila b le f o r th e T r e n to n a r e a a r e lis t in g s o f union w a g e
r a te s fo r s e v e n s e le c t e d b u ild in g t r a d e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e s e a r e a v a ila b le
f r o m th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s . (S e e b a ck c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Trenton, New Jersey,
M etropolitan Area
September 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

December 1977
Bulletin 1950-47

Introduction-------------------------------------------------------

2

Tables:
A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A - l. Weekly earnings of office
workers-------------------------------------3
A-2. Weekly earnings of profes­
sional and technical w orkers------- 5
A-3. Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by sex--------------- 6
A-4. Hourly earnings of mainte­
nance, toolroom, and
powerplant w orkers--------------------- 7
A-5. Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial
workers------------------------------------------ 8
A-6. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material move­
ment, and custodial workers,
by sex-------------------------------------------- 9
A-7. Percent increases in average
hourly earnings,adjusted for
employment shifts,for se­
lected occupational groups------------- 10

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listen on back cover.




Scope and method of survey------------ 1
1
Occupational descriptions--------------- 14

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (See l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b ac k c o v e r . ) In eac h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d an nually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i ts ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S t a te s , e xc lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h ro u g h the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s by oc c u p a tio n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a ti o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , includ in g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b l e s
T a b l e s A - 1 t h ro u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 th ro u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to
w a rra n t sepa rate p resentation .
T h i s t a b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d by e m p l o y ­
m en t s hifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , se e appendix A.
A p p e n d ix e s
wage

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m et h o d s and c on c e p ts used in the a r e a
s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A p p e n d i x B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by oc c u p a tio n .

u s e d by B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Trenton, N.J., September 1977
Weekly earnings1
( standard)
N

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

L
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

$
90

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
95

$
100

$
105

$
110

$
120

$
130

$

%

140

150

$
160

*
170

$
180

$
190

*
200

s

$
210

220

S

$

%

240

260

280

$
300

and
u n d er
100

105

-

95

320
and

-

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

over

3
3

16
12
4

40
18
22

48
27
21

86
56
30

122
82
40

143
87
56

119
75
44

113
87
26

104
62
42

125
70
55

1 14
57
57

66
39
27

6
6
-

9
4
5

7
7
-

1
1

-

3
3

5
5

8
1
7

13
9
4

9
7
2

14
10
4

23
23
“

19
13
6

27
23
4

24
23
1

34
29
5

4
4
“

5
1
4

~

-

-

_
-

11
11
-

22
18
4

-

47
3b
9

41
38
3

41
33
8

35
27
8

42
35
7

37
23
14

12
6
6

1
i
-

2
2
-

6
6

-

17
5
12

28
28

“

110

16
12
4

20
13
7

32
16
16

56
37
19

81
45
36

86
42
44

63
27
36

48
31
17

46
21
25

52
11
41

48
6
42

15
15

i
i
-

_
-

_
-

13
2
11

lb
2
14

10
3
7

12
12
"

22
12
10

12
12

ALL W O R K E R S

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

1.121
689
4 32

38.0
39.0
3 6.0

203.50
203.50
204.00

198.50
1 9 8 .0 0
199.50

$
$
1 7 8 .0 0-227.00
177.00 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 7 8 .00-228.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

, 190
194
46

38.5
3 9.0
37.5

224.00
230.50
203.00

221.00
232.00
1 9 1 .0 0

1 9 4 .5 0-252.50
205.50-256.00
1 6 0 .0 0-224.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

342
271
71

39.0
39.5
37.0

205.50
205.50
206.00

201.50
198.00
201.50

1 8 0 .0 0-226.50
180.0 0 -2 2 3 .0 0
1 85.00-242.00

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

566
262
304

37.0
38.5
35.5

194.00
183.50
202.50

188.00
182.00
199.50

1 7 3 .0 0-213.00
1 6 7 .0 0-201.50
178.00 -2 2 7 .5 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

153
81
72

38.5
38.5
37.5

180.50 175.00
182.00 175.00
1 7 9 . OU 1 8 3 . 0 0

1 5 7 .0 0-206.50
1 6 6 .0 0-212.50
1 5 5 .0 0-199.00

_
-

GE NE R A L -------------------------------

66
53

38.0
39.0

179.50
175.50

171.00
168.50

162.5 0 -2 1 2 .5 0
166.0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . SEN I OR -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

87
28
59

38.5
38.5
38.5

181.50
194.00
175.50

186.00
200.00
182.00

156.0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
168.5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
155.00 -1 9 6 .5 0

-

-

-

T R A N S C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E TY PI S T S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

3b
27

37.5
37.5

152.00
161.50

156.00
156.00

132.5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0-184.00

-

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

248
82
166

37.5
38.5
36.5

144.00
146.50
143.00

1 4 0 .0 0
150.00
134.00

122.00 -1 5 8 .0 0
130.50-159.50
1 1 7 .50-157.00

A ------------------

73

37 .0

161.00

1 5 7 .5 0

137.00 -1 7 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

11

8

T Y PI ST S. C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

175
65
110

37.5
38.5
37.0

137.00
141.00
135.00

132.50
1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

116.50 -1 5 5 .0 0
124.50-158.00
111.5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
1
18

39
10
29

22
9
13

21
9
12

1 2 7 .0 0
178.50
116.50

110.0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
136.0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0-138.00

“

25
25

4
4

9
9

27
2
25

21
4
17

17
4
13

15
1
14

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.
MANUFACTURING

T Y PI ST S.

CLASS

F I LE C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------FILE CL ER K S .

C L A S S C -------------

154
35
119

37.5
38.5
3 7.0

133.00
170.00
122.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

-

-

4
i
3

4
2
2

3
1
2

8
4
4

21
6
15

26
22
4

13
13

2
2

2
1

3
2

5
5

18
18

11
11

_

1

i

-

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1
1

5
2
3

16
1
15

8
4
4

2
2

-

2
2

-

13
2
ii

15
2
13

9
3
6

_

-

-

7
2

2

18
16

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

1
1

“

“

33
9
24

29
9
20

27
12
15

43
21
22

17
15
2

15
1
14

ii
ii

6
4
2

1
1

1
1

13

7

9

7

9

4

-

-

4

-

1

-

-

-

14
10
4

36
18
18

8
8

8
8

2
2

2
2

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

-

-

10
4
6

6
1
5

3
3

i
i

2
2

3
3

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

-

-

11
10
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

2
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

19
1
18

39
10
29

-

-

-

_

_

i
i
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

7

_

_

-

-

-

1
i

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

15
12
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

~

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

“
6
6

-

-

-

_

_

88

37.5

122.50

114.50

96 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

25

4

7

17

8

7

9

3

3

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------

38

37.0

139.00

1 2 5 .5 0

118.00-150.50

-

2

2

-

8

9

1

5

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD

O P E R A T O R S ---------------

33

38.5

162.50

160.00

136.00 -1 8 5 .0 0

1

-

1

-

-

1

7

4

3

3

2

4

4

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

switchboard

operator

-r e c e p t i o n i s t s
---------------------

69
46

38.0
38.0

158.00
160.00

1 6 1 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 3 7 .00-170.00
130.00 -1 7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

17
13

9
2

6
2

24
20

4
1

-

-

7
7

_

1

-

-

_

-

-

MANUFACTURING

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Trenton, N.J., September 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
90

M e an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

$

t

95

s
100

t

S
105

110

120

s
130

s
140

*
150

s
160

$
170

180

*
190

$

*
200

210

$

$
220

240

s

*
260

280

S
300

and
under

320

and

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

260

300

320

over

_

_

_

4
3
1

8
5
3

14
12
2

25
23
2

38
33
5

33
21
12

44
34
10

34
26
8

36
33
3

21
20
1

34
27
7

22
22
~

71
21
50

4
3
1

2
2
“

9
8
1

12
4
8

7
7
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

11
11

31
26

28
23

34
32

14
14

33
27

22
22

11
10

3
3

1
1

4
4

1
1

7
7

25
23
2

35
30
5

22
10
12

13
8
5

6
3
3

2
1
1

7
6
1

1

_

1

_

_

_

1
1
-

5
4
1

11
3
8

-

2
1

5
5

3
2

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

2
2
-

ALL yOKKERS—
CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

418
304
114

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

$
1 8 8 . OJ
1 8 3 .5 0
2 0 0 .5 0

$
$
$
1 8 3 .0 0 1 5 4 .0 0 - 2 1 9 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 0 8 .0 0
2 2 4 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 - 2 2 4 .0 0

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

203
184

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0

1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0 - 2 0 8 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0 - 2 1 0 .0 0

“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

215
120
95

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

1 8 0 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0
2 2 4 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 2 2 4 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 6 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 - 2 2 4 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

40
35

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 1 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0

2 0 5 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

243
93
150

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 6 1 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0

1 3 6 .5 0 - 1 8 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 8 8 .0 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

119
53
66

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 7 9 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 9 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 0 7 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0 - 1 9 2 .0 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

124
40
84

3 7 . 5 1 4 5 .0 0
3 9 . 0 1 5 0 .5 0
3 7 . 0 1 4 2 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0 - 1 5 9 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 5 2 .0 0

-

-

-

“
-

-

*

4
3
1

-

-

-

2

1

3

2

1

3

-

-

-

~
_
“

“

1

2

3

1

See footnotes at end of tables.




8
5
3

14
12
2

1
“

-

“

2
1

-

30
1
29

12
7
5

25
12
13

23
6
17

29
10
19

23
19
4

32
19
13

11
1
10

7

1

-

60
11
49

-

4
4

11
10

5
5

-

2
2

16
1
17

11
7
4

3
3
-

14
1
13

1
1
-

3
3
-

3
3

3
3

1
1
-

11
1
10

-

4

3

2

1

2

2

“

1

9
4
5

7

13
7
6

19
18
1

16
6
10

11
1
10

16
1
17

11
7
4

28
i
27

11
7
4

16
8
8

16
6
10

16
3
13

4
i
3

16
13
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
_

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Trenton, N.J., September 1977
Weekly earnings^™
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of
I

t

140
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Unde r
and
$
under
140
150

S

t

150 160

_

_

160 170

t

t

170 180

$

t

s

s

»

*

s

s

s

s

$

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

_
160 190

A L l. w o r k e r s
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N AL YS TS
(B US IN ES S) ----------- • ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

69
46

$
$
$
$
3 8 .5 3 8 9 .5 0 404 .00 3 6 5 .0 0 -4 3 9 .0 0
3 9 .0 3 7 2 .5 0 389.00 3 4 7 .3 0 -4 0 4 .0 0

26
15

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) f C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

36
33

3 9 .0 4 0 9 .5 0 404.00 3 8 5 .0 0 -4 1 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 4 0 1 .0 0 404.00 3 8 0 .0 0 -4 0 9 .0 0

17
15

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N ES S) . C L A S S B ---------------

27

3 8 .0 3 8 5 .5 0 419 .00 3 3 5 .5 0 -4 3 9 .0 0

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

75
44
31

3 8 .0 2 9 9 .5 0 308.00 2 6 0 .5 0 -3 3 9 .0 0
3 8 .5 3 1 1 .5 0 317 .50 2 8 2 .5 0 -3 4 1 .0 0
3 7 .0 2 8 3 .0 0 288.00 2 3 4 .0 0 -3 3 4 .0 0

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L AS S A -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

41
27

3 8 .0 3 3 7 .5 0 336.00 3 1 7 .0 0 -3 5 5 .0 0
3 8 .5 339 .0 0 334 .50 3 1 3 .5 0 -3 6 0 .0 0

CO MPUTER PR OG RAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L AS S B ------------------------------

27

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

159
81
78
54
29
25
74
43

3 7 *0 2 2 3 .5 0 223.50 1 9 6 .5 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
3 6 .5 2 2 4 .0 0 248.50 1 9 8 .5 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

C L A S S C ------

31

3 8 .0 1 7 5 .0 0 180.00

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

156
156

3 9 .5 2 6 9 .5 0 270 .00 2 3 4 .5 0 -2 9 8 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 6 9 .5 0 270 .00 2 3 4 .5 0 -2 9 8 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

78
78

4 0 .0 3 0 7 .5 0 299 .0 0 2 8 8 .0 0 -3 3 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 3 0 7 .5 0 299 .00 2 8 8 .0 0 -3 3 2 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

27
27

12
8

3 8 .0 2 5 3 .5 0 241.50 2 2 6 .5 0 -2 7 5 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 78 .50 272 .00 2 5 3 .0 0 -3 0 2 .5 0
3 7 .5 2 2 4 .5 0 226.50 2 1 1 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

5
5

3 7 .5 2 24 .00 222.50 1 9 5 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 33 .50 236.00 1 9 4 .5 0 -2 6 9 .5 0
3 7 .0 2 14 .50 215.00 1 9 6 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

10

3 9 .0 2 1 3 .0 0 2 2 1 .0 0 1 8 4 .5 0 -2 3 4 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 1 3 .0 0 221 .0 0 1 8 4 .5 0 -2 3 4 .5 0

T E C H N I C I A N S -------------

10V

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

ELECTRONICS

26
26

3 7 .5

2

2 64 .00 257.50 2 3 4 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

4 0 .0 3 5 0 .0 0 3 48 .50

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0

11

18

5

6

6

4

6
12

1
1

18
10
8

40
13
27

12
11

11

6

9

6

7

12
6
6

36
36

1

13
13

2

10

1

9
6

*8

3
3
3

2
6
12

3 4 8 .5 0 -3 7 4 .5 0

4 0 .0 2 4 6 .0 0 2 3 1 .0 0 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 4 6 .0 0 231 .00 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.

5

11

28
12

* W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 2 at $ 120 to $ 130; and 6 at $ 130 to $ 140.




10

11

10

22
22

11
11

10

10

10

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Trenton, N.J., September 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
(standard)

OF F I C E

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
h rs
ou
(standard) (standard)

O F FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOMEN— CONTINUED

O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN
3 9 .0 2 23 .50
3 9 .0 2 0 8 .0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

FI LE C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------FI LE C L ER KS .

O F F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N

SWITCHBOARD

147
28
119

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

$
130.00
162.00
1 22 .50

3 7 .5

O P E R A T O R S ---------------

122.50

3 8 .5

C L A S S C -------------

3 8 .5 2 24 .00
3 9 .0 2 30 .50
3 7 .5 2 0 3 .Ou

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

376
272
104

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

184.00
180.50
194.00

3 9 .0 2 05 .50
3 9 .5 2 05 .50
3 7 .0 2 0 6 .0 0

A C C O U N T I N G CL ER KS . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

179
163

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

192.00
193 .00

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

197
109

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

177 .00
162 .00
196.00

P A YR OL L C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

38
33

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 9 .5 0
195.00

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

243
93
150

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 61 .50
170 .00
1 56 .50

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 79 .00
184 .50
1 74 .00

K E Y P U N C H OP ER A T O R S . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

145 .0 0
150 .50
142 .50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N n A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

190

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

337
270

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

566
262
304

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 5 .5

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------

153
81
72

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 80 .50
1 8 2 .OU
179 .00

G E N E R A L ---------------------

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

179 .50
175 .50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E NI OR ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

181 .50
194.00
175 .50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

152.00
161.50

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

144 .00
146.50
142 .50

3 7 .0

161.00

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

137.00
141.00
134 .00

M ANU FACTU RING

---------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------STENOGRAPHERS.
MANUFACTURING

T Y P I S T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------T Y PI ST S.

CLASS

688

426

149

247
82
165

A --------------

TY PI ST S. C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

174
65
109

194 .00
183 .50
2 0 2 .5 0

(BUSINESS)

-

CONTINUED

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN E S S ) . C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

36
31

3 9 .0 4 13 .00
39 .5 4 0 4 .5 0

58
35

3 8 .0 3 0 0 .5 0
38.5 318 .5 0

33

3 8 .0 337 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING -

110
62
48

3 8 .0 2 28 .50
38 .5 2 45 .50
37 .5 2 06 .50

C O M P U T E R O P E R AT OR S.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

52
28

3 8 .0 2 5 3 .0 0
38.5 278 .50

45

3 8 .0

MANUFACTURING
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (BUSINESS)i
C L A S S A ----------------------------

CO MPUTER OPERATORS.

CLASS B

D R A F T E R S --------MANUFACTURING

39 .5 2 7 0 .5 0
39 .5 2 7 0 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

77
77

4 0 .0 307 .5 0
4 0 .0 3 07 .50

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

25
25

3 9 .0 2 15 .50
3 9 .0 2 1 5 .5 0

108

40. 0 3 5 0 .0 0

ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOM E N
COMPUTER

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

6

3 9 6 .0 0
3 82 .50

2 1 4 .5 0

153
153

OPERATORS

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




3 8 .0 158 .00
3 8 .0 160.00

PROFESSIONAL a n d t e c h n i c a l
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

Weekly
Weekly
hours1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

162 .50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

. 116

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I u N S - ME N — C O N T I N U E D

3 8 .0 2 03 .50
3 9 .0 203 . Oil
3 6 .0 2 0 4 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

49

36 .5

2 1 4 .5 0

26
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 46 .00
2 46 .00

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Trenton, N.J., September 1977
Hourly earnings 4
Occupation and industry division

o
f
workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
5
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5. 60 5 .80 6.00 6.20 6 .40 6.60 6.80

*
$
%
$
$
$
%
*
s
7. 00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8. 00 8.20 8.60 9.00

and
unde r
4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5. 80 6 .00 6.20 6.40 6 .60 6.80 7.00

7. 20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8. 20 8.60 9.00 9.40

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

$
6.82
6.88

$
6.19
6. 30

$
$
5.92- 7.83
5.92- 7.83

-

-

"

-

-

1
1

3
3

8
8

9
6

2
2

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

38

-

3
3

4
4

-

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------

172
162

7.60
7.52

7.76
7.23

6.11- 8.98
6.11- 8.98

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3

9
9

23
23

8
8

14
14

12
12

3
3

4
4

2
2

3
3

_

4
4

4

_

-

4

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

32
32

6.82
6.82

6.73
6.73

5.70- 7.53
5.70- 7.53

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

8
8

-

-

2
2

"

1
1

5
5

_

2

-

2

1
1

-

2
2

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

135
135

6.59
6.59

6.21
6.21

6.01- 6.81
6.01- 6.81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

18
18

16
16

_

-

41
41

_

-

2
2

_

-

33
33

_

-

-

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------

269
249

7.20
7.09

7.69
6. 50

5.59- 8.58
5.59- 8.58

15
15

-

11
11

1
1

24
24

17
17

-

19
19

7
7

27
27

1
1

1
1

4
4

_

_

-

5
5

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

44
33
30

7.43
7.61
7.85

8.27
a. 34
8.34

5.95- 3.64
6.25- 8.62
6.92- 8.62

1
-

-

"

2
2
-

-

2
2
2

3
1
1

1
1
1

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
*

-

-

6
3
2

-

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------

90
83

7.57
7.56

8. 51
8. 54

5.92- 9.28
5.92- 9.28

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

_

-

5
3

-

-

29
29

-

-

1
1

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

3
3

-

ii
11

32
22

39
39

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

_

_

_

-

19
19

_

-

-

-

44
40

_

2
-

31
28

11
-

49
49

-

-

4
4
4

4
4
4

14
14
14

-

2
-

13
10

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

O. DO

65
48

6.64
6.80

6.28
6. 28

5.72- 8.08
6.20- 7.68

~

BOILER TENDERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

98
97

5.50
5.51

5.20
5. 20

4.97- 5.80
4.97- 5.80

8
8

-

34
34

-

5
-

3
3

_

_

_

V. d U

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

-

33
33

15
15

ot>

9

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

20
19

19
19

6
6

6

See footnotes at end of tables.




_

4

7

6

4
4

-

14
14

7
7

1
1

18
18

1

4

1
1

5
5

4

1
1

5
4

i
-

_

-

-

_

8

8

4
4
_

_

_

-

-

9
9

_

_

_

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Trenton, N.J., September 1977
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry division

o
f
workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
s
s
s
$
$
$
$
$
5
s
.60 3.80 4.00 4.20
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3.20 3. 40
and
under
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 20 3.40 3. 60

.80 4.00 4.20 4.40

*
s
S
s
%
.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5. 40 5.80 6.20

s
*
%
•60 7.00 7.40 7.80

.60 4.80 5.00 5.40 5. 80 6.20 6.60

.00 7.40 7,80 8.20

ALL WORKERS
251
29
22 2

$
6.67
5.39
6.84

$
7.61
5.15
7.61

$
5.304.715.30-

62
50

4.94
5. 00

4.89
5.30

4.22- 5.51
4.22- 5.52

137
59

4.98
4.89

5. 30
5.24

4.30- 5.30
4.29- 5.34

ORDER FILLERS —
MANUFACTURING

BO
68

4.75
4.80

5.07
5. 32

3.88- 5.32
3.88- 5.43

-

-

-

-

-

“

10
10

-

6
6

5
5

5
2

SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

192
140

3.96
4.44

3.60
4.63

2.75- 5.11
3.60- 5.11

9

30

10

1

1

1
“

“

~

55
55

-

1
1

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING -----------

216
186

4.75
4.44

4.71
4.50

3.88- 5.21
3.88- 5.00

FORKLIFT OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING --

351
342

5.68
5.66

5.29
5. 29

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -

289
98

3.56
5.25

TRUCKDRIVERS ------MANUFACTURING NONflANUFACTURING
RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING
WAREHOUSEMEN ---MANUFACTURING

$
7.61
6.00
7.61

-

1
“

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

3
3

1
-

-

MANUFACTURING

3
2
1

3
2
1

2
2

37
6
31

4
4
-

4
4
-

11
3
8

-

-

128
2
126

27
27

8
8

14
8

5
5

3
3

-

5
2

21
20

-

5
4

-

“

_
-

-

4
4

5
5

66
16

20
14

-

-

-

*

-

-

6

3

-

28
28

17
17

*

-

-

“

-

-

12
12

14
14

1
1

42
42

15
15

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

~

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

28
25

8
8

-

21
21

4
4

15
15

21
21

12
12

4
4

80
72

1
1

2
-

-

-

-

-

17
-

4.74- 6.88
4.74- 6.19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

6
6

-

20
20

76
76

8
8

80
80

36
36

33
33

_

10
10

_

-

73
73

6
-

2.50
4.66

2.50- 4.38
4.24- 6.88

145
“

17
17

9
5

5
3

16
16

~

3
3

5
5

~

20
4

1
1

-

88

5.44

4.86

4.38- 7.71

756
240
516
50

3.54
4.79
2.95
5.73

2.75
4.69
2.60
5.76

2.504.432.505.76-

4.69
5.01
2.75
5.81

21
9

7
“

1
“

“

~

1

12
11

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

11

17

4

256
2
254

99
1
98

52
1
51

3

9

34
34

5
3
2

3
2
1

18
18

9

7
4
3

10
10

3

17
11
6

40
37
3
1

See footnotes at end of tables.




24
3
21

42
20

guards:

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

4
1
3

8

2

_

_

16
75
73
2
1

-

-

-

3

5
4
1
-

47
38
9
9

27
27
26

18
15
3
3

17
7
10
10

5
_

-

-

_

24
24

_

-

24

14
14
-

_

_

-

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Trenton, N.J., September 1977
Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

MAINTENANCES TOOLROOM. AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN
$

6.82

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------MANUFACTURIN6 -------------------MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------MANUFACTURIN6 --------------------

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

6.88

172
162

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

135
135

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------

269
249

TRUCKDRIVERS ------MANUFACTURING —
NONnANUFACTURING

44
33
30

7.43
7.61
7.85

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS
MANUFACTURING -------

90
83

7.57
7.56

MILLWRIGHTS ------------MANUFACTURING -------

66
66

8.56
8.56

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --MANUFACTURING -------

239
239
65
48

6.64
6.80

BOILER TENDERS --------MANUFACTURING -------

98
97

6 .68

5.39
6.85

60
48

4.92
4.98

137
59

4.98
4.69

54
42

4.98
5.13

78
76

4.78
4.82

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS --------MANUFACTURING --------------------

216
186

4.75
4.44

FORKLIFT OPERATORS -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

346
337

5.69
5.67

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

277
96

3.56
5.24

8.43
8.43

STATIONARY ENGINEERS —
MANUFACTURING -------

$

220

7.60
7.52 RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING
6.82
6.82 WAREHOUSEMEN ---MANUFACTURING
6.59
6.59 ORDER FILLERS —
MANUFACTURING
7.20
7.09 SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----NONNANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES —

249
29

5.50
5.51

guards:

MANUFACTURING -------------------JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

86

5.44

475
217
258
45

3.95
4.75
3.28
5.75

114

3.40

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
SHIPPING PACKERS
See footnotes at end of tables.

9

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Trenton, N.J., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

S e p te m b e r 1972 S e p te m b e r 1973 S e p t e m b e r 1974 S e p te m b e r 1975 S e p te m b e r 1976
to
to
to
to
to
S e p te m b e r 1973 S e p te m b e r 1974 S e p te m b e r 1975 S e p te m b e r 1976 S e p te m b e r 1977

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s __________________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _________________________________

( 6)
4.7
7.6
7.1

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l
_________________
_
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g ___________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _____________________________ ______
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ______________________________________ - —
E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g ___________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _ ___ ________________________

( 6)
(‘ )
( 6)
5.7

7.0

8.1
9.0
10.3
8.5
8.2

8.1
8.8
6.8
7.2
8.7

5.8

8.3

7.5

7.3

7.9

( 6)
4.7
7.5
7.7

( 6)
10.3
8.4
8.8

( 6)
6.8
7.1
8.3

( 6)
7.4
6.4
8.3

( 6)
8.1
12.1
9.0

( 6)

(* )
( )
(‘)
( 6)

o

( >
( 6)
7.1

7.5
5.9
7.4
6.5
6.8

( )
0

( 6)

6.7
7.2
8.1
11.7
8.5

( 6)
( )
( )
( 6)

Footnotes
1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s reflect the w o r k w e e k for w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e their re g u l a r o traight-time
salaries (exclusive of p a y for o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m rates), a n d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to these w e e k l y hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d for e a c h job b y totaling the e a r n i n g s of all w o r k e r s a n d dividing b y
the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e signates position— half of the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e or
m o r e a n d half re c e i v e the s a m e or less th a n the rate s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is defined b y t w o
rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e or less than the l o w e r of t h ese rates a n d a
fourth e a r n the s a m e or m o r e th a n the h i gher rate.




3 Earnings
data relate only to w o r k e r s w h o s e
s e x identification w a s
p r o v i d e d b y the
establishment.
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y for o v e r t i m e a n d for w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , holidays, a n d late shifts.
5 E s t i m a t e s for p e r i o d s endi n g prior to 197 6 relate to m e n only for "killed m a i n t e n a n c e a n d
unskilled plant w o r k e r s .
All other e s t i m a t e s relate to m e n a n d w o m e n .
6 D a t a d o not m e e t publication criteria or data not available.

10

Appendix A.
Scope and M ethod
of Survey
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the job
title s a r e f o r a ll indu stries com bined.
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh data
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
S e p a r a t e m e n ’ s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e no t
p r e s e n t e d wh en the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s no t i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an oc c u p a tio n .
E a r n i n g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in data f o r a l l
industries com bined.
L i k e w i s e , f o r oc c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a i l a b l e .

Data on a r e a w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i ts a r e ob ta ined b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In e a c h o f the
i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s is
c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e ­
phone i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e obta in ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c ­
tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a ti o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th es e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
the c o n s t r u c ti o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted because of insufficient e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s studied. S e p a r a t e tab u la tion s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h
o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conduct ed on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
sc op e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o obta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m cos t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e c o m b in e d , e ach e s t a b l i s h m e n t is
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n bia se d e s t i m a t e s
a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it is g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e
o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is chosen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f data a r e no t a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no
s uitab le substitu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m ain te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a ti o n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties w ith in the s a m e job .
O c c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.
1 In clu d ed in the 74 areas are 4 studies con d u cted by th e Bureau under co n tra ct.
O hio; B irm in gh am , A l a . ; N o r fo lk — V ir g in ia
Syracuse,

N .Y .

O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h ed ule.
E arnings
data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and la t e s h if ts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n bonuses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e bonuses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k l y h o u rs f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p atio n s r e f e r to the s ta n dard
w o r k w e e k (r ou n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s i z e o f the c l a s s i n t e r v a l s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d iv id u a l jobs
a r e a f f e c t e d b y ch an ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r job s and be r e p l a c e d b y ne w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s . Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d uring the y e a r . C h an ge s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s chan ges f o r
. in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

A v e r a g e earn in gs r e fle c t c o m p o site, a r e a w id e e s tim a tes. Industries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job s ta ffin g , and thus c on trib u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g jo b s in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Th ese areas are A k ro n ,

B each —Portsm outh and N e w p o rt N e w s —H a m p ton ,

V a . — N . C . ; and

In ad d ition , the Bureau conducts m ore lim it e d area studies in a p p ro x im a te ly 100 areas a t the

request o f the E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the U . S.




D ep a rtm en t o f Labor.

11

Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual
establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include pro­
gression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are
collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job
descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys
usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments
and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

Electronic data processing

Skilled maintenance

Computer systems
analysts, classes
A, B, and C
Computer programmers,
classes A, B, and C
Computer operators,
classes A, B, and C

Carpenters
Electricians
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Industrial nurses

Unskilled plant

Registered industrial
nurses

Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Material handling laborers

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed
as follows:

Wage trends for selected occupational groups

1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in
the survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.

The percent increases presented in table A-7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the
trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect
an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans
providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased
hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range,
depressing the average without a change in wage rates.

2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its pro­
portionate employment in the occupational group in the
base year.

The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown, (it is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year by
the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed
as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Order clerks
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping -machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Keypunch operators,
classes A and B

For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these
wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor
Review, January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes A and B
File clerks, classes A,
B, and C
Messengers
Switchboard operators

3. These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to
obtain a group average.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions (B -se rie s tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Infor­
mation for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabu­
lations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations;
and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables)
in previous bulletins for this area.

12

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Trenton, N.J.,1 September 1977
In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

ALL DIVISIONS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ---------------------------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E 6 ---------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL E S T A T E 6 ------------S E RV IC ES 6 7---------------------------------------

W ith in s c o p e o f stu dy 4
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ied

S tu d ied
N u m ber

P ercen t

5 5 ,1 8 3

100

3 5 ,2 9 2

278

103

~

120
158

47
56

3 4 ,3 0 5
2 0 ,8 7 8

62
38

2 4 ,2 0 3
1 1 ,0 8 9

50
50
50
50
50

11
22
61
12
52

9
6
12
6
23

3 ,4 5 8
1 ,3 3 8
6 ,7 8 5
2 ,7 2 2
6 ,5 7 5

6
2
12
5
12

3 ,2 9 8
475
2 ,0 8 5
2 ,0 6 4
3 ,1 6 7

50

1 T h e T r e n t o n S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O f f i c e
o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f M e r c e r C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y” e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a
r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e
in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s t im a t e s a r e n o t in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith
o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f
th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 The
1972 e d itio n o f th e S tan d ard In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l w a s
u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t io n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s sill e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m
lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as t r a d e ,
fin a n c e ,
auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1
e s ta b lis h m e n t.




W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

.

4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in
th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s
ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s
and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n ­
m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta is n ot m a d e
f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e
enough d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y, (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d i n it ia lly to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n ,
and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o t e ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ­
ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and
a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

13

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o ­
p r i a t e oc c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s wh o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h i s p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a ti o n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b con te nt. B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a ti o n a l
conte nt, the B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th os e
in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ic a p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n i n g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r h a n d ic ap a r e a l s o
excluded.
T r a i n e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th os e r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g in s o m e o f the l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one i n d iv id u a l. M a i n ­
tain s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a l l y i n c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;’

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a tu r e and d i f f i c u l t y . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e routine
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E xclu sion s
a. R e c e i v e s te l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r ou tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u te s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
instru cted;

E stab lish es,

m aintains,

and r e v i s e s the

M a i n t a i n s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s

s u p e rv is o r's

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s

file s;

a p p o in tm e n ts as

N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as f o l l o w s :
a. P o s i t i o n s w h i c h
d e scrib ed above;
b.

d.

R elays m es s a g e s

fro m

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




s t e n o g r a p h i c and ty p in g w o r k .

sio n a l,

do

not

m eet

the " p e r s o n a l "

secretary

concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d uties;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­
techn ical, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h the du tie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y
m o r e r ou tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e that th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fi n i t i o n ;

SEC R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
C lass C

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued
e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i ti o n s w h ic h
resp on sible techn ical, adm in istra tive, s u p e rv is o ry ,
du tie s w h ich a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in v o lve m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or sp ecialized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y is not e q u i v a l e n t to on e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in turn, f u r t h e r su b d ivid e d .
In s om e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fi n i ti o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r two; o r
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s who have a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5 ,000
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
persons.
act p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
i n d i v i d u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d i v i d u a l t r u s t ac c ou n ts ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s taff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; cnr
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s ta n t , s k i l l e d te c h n icia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y duty is to ta ke d ic ta tio n using shorthan d, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o ­
g r a p h i c p oo l.
M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n s c rib e fr o m v o ic e reco rd in gs ( if p rim a r y
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p with on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tas k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p era tio n s, in d u stria l rela tio n s, etc.) £ r a m a jo r geographic o r o r g a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an i n d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G e n era l

keep

D ic t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
Sten ograph er, Senior

D i c ta ti o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l dr s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d uties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by the
follo w in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h i c speed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th or ou g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and ro u tin g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

M ESSENGER

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer.

Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating proc­
esses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as
keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.
Class A. Perform s one or more of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in
spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.;
o r setting

up sim p le

stan dard

tabulation s; o r copying m o re co m p lex ta bles

already set up and spaced properly.
FILE CLERK
Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing
system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May
perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested,
locates readily available material in files and forwards materials; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.



SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX ) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's
time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief
or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.
ORDER CLERK
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items to
make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet;
and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May
check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl­
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see that they
have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices
with original orders.
ACCOUNTING CLERK
Perform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office prac­
tices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording
of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker
typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and
procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge
of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions:

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

M A C H IN E B I L L E R --- C ontinu ed

Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting trans­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
more class B accounting clerks.

Bookkeeping-machine biller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on customers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.

Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting cler­
ical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where
identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking
accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive r e c o r d s or
accounting documents; and c o d i n g documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

PAYR O LL CLERK

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers' accounts (not
including a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost dis­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.
MACHINE BILLER
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:
Billing-machine b iller. Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers'
purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.




Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time, rate,
deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May. make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a
calculating machine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or
numeric data on tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions.
Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be keypunched from a variety of source docu­
ments. On occasion may also perform some routine keypunch work. May
train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or instructions, works from various stan­
dardized source documents which have been coded, and follows specified
procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no
selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.
TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calcu­
lator, collator, interpreter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from
this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded are operators of
electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate electric
accounting machine equipment.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions.
Class A . Performs complete reporting and tabulating assignments
including devising difficult control panel wiring under general supervision.
Assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring some planning of the nature
and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g ne w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n of p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad d ition to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s used by
class C op e ra tors .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n ne w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

C lass B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
un der s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t tab u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l ac coun ting m a c h i n e s such as

C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b ula ting
o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n tin g m a c h i n e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r ti o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , i n d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
May p erform
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s om e f i l i n g w o r k .

Professional and Technical
CO M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

C O M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
th e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D evelops a c o m p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e nab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ire d d igital com puter p ro g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be au tom ate d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to be used; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t ch an ge s to obta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is i s the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p ay .)
D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n ta i n i n g d e p o s i t o r accoun ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accoun ts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
accoun ts in a m a n u f a c tu r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly on routin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g uid ance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C lass C .
W o r k s un der i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and expan d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills r eq u ire d fo r system s an alysis w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le, m a y a s s is t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p rogram m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a lys t.

C lass A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p ro b lem s in v o lvin g a ll phases of system an a lysis.
P ro b lem s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
ulin g, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th ro ugh the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo l l o w u p ac tio n s a r e i n i t i a t e d by the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f ne w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes reco m m en datio n s, i f needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r ch an ge s and f o r ob ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.

who a r e

M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

low er

le v e l system s

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t, into a s e qu e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ich a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a tic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m en t.
W orkin g fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e in s t r u c t i o n s w h ich ,
when e n t e r e d into the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d lan g u a g e , cau s e the m a n i p u ­
latio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w l e d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je ct m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s equence o f p r o g r a m
s te p s; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m ac h in e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts
i f th is is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

a n a ly s ts

C lass B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam p le,




B USINE S S— Continued

18

C O M P U T E R PR O G R AM M ER , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O PER ATO R

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the manage­
ment or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or pro­
grammers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems.

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to
process data according to operating instructions, usually prepared by a pro­
grammer. Work includes most of the following: Studies instructions to
determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into
circuit, and starts and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to
correct operating problems and meet special conditions; reviews errors made
during operation and determines cause or refers problem to supervisor or
programmer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in
correcting program.

For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming
concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify
the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the
computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment
must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from
numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number
of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as
development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program require­
ments exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and
resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are
assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs.
Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close
direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher
level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned,
and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
May guide or instruct lower level programmers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are
designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to
routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required
procedures.



For wage

study purposes, computer

operators are classified as

follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction,
a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics:
New programs are frequently tested and introduced; scheduling requirements
are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the programs are of
complex design so that identification of error source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available.
May give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction,
a computer running programs with most of the following characteristics:
Most of the programs are established production runs, typically run on a
regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of new programs
required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
major change or cannot be corrected within a reasonably short time. In
common error situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This
usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using
standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or
segments of programs with the characteristics described for class A. May
assist a higher level operator by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions and
with frequent review of operations performed.
expected
ability to
received
operator

Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is
to develop working knowledge of the computer equipment used and
detect problems involved in running routine programs. Usually has
some formal training in computer operation. May assist higher level
on complex programs.

DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts.
Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering deter­
minations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by lower
level drafters.

D R A F T ER— Continued

E LE C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foun­
dations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in m a k in g necessary computations to determine quantities of
materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.

This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.

Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given
with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions.
Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by refer­
ence to manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on elec­
tronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of
circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent
engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the inter­
relationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such
tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­
ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual
trace oscilloscopes, Q-m eters, deviation meters, pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.

DRAFTER-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
Work is closely supervised during progress.

Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com­
plex problems fi.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.



Class C . Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instruc­
tions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such
tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes).
Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to
increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can
advance to higher level technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review
when new or advanced assignments are involved.

REGISTERED IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

R EGISTERED IN D U ST R IA L NURSE— Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or

other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE MACHINIST

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct arid maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general,
the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experi­
ence usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common
metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this
work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general,
the machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Machinery)
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the instal­
lation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution,
or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most
of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equip­
ment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit
breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission
equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifi­
cations; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equip­
ment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring
or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and
measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE PAINTER
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and
interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors,
oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or
consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.




Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the. machine to a machine shop for major repairs;
preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production f
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and makin0 all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experi­
ence. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Motor Vehicles)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equip­
ment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing
repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills,
or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken
or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and
installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjust­
ments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body
bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )— C ontinu ed

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R — C on tin u ed

This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers'
vehicles in automobile repair shops.

the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some
trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and
tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform
specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed
by workers on a full-time basis.

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers prim arily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems
are excluded.
MAINTENANCE SH EET -M E T AL WORKER
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all types of
sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifi­
cations; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)
Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine
tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to
machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools,
gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or
nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically
involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which
require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine
tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select
those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of
precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances.
May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils,
to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the
work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in
this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and tool­
room practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom.) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.

MILLWRIGHT

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out
work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses,
strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equip­
ment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing
and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives
and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or
metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves:
Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or
other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of
common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations;
setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using
various tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to p re ­
scribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and p er­
forming other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work




For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R — C ontinued

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or a irconditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.

Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer
are excluded.
BOILER TENDER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDRIVER

WAREHOUSEMAN

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport mate­
rials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, whole­
sale and retail establishments, or between r e t a i l establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with
or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good
working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded.

As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
t a k in g inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and
reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis
of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light truck (under IV 2 tons)
medium truck (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy truck (trailer) (over 4 tons)
heavy truck (other than trailer) (over 4 tons)

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping changes, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the
merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing
others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading,
invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged
goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and main­
taining necessary, records and files.
For

wage

study purposes,

Shipping clerk
Receiving clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk



workers

a^e

classified

as

Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving
work (see Shipping and Receiving Clerk and Shipping Packer), order filling
(see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator).

follows:

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.
SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon
the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing con­
tainer; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers
who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G LA B O R E R

GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore
workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
guards who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck
or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:
Forklift operator
Power-truck operator (other than forklift)




Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash,
and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal
fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services;
and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize
in window washing are excluded.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the b ac k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to Su pe rinte n de n t of
D oc u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1950 th ro u gh 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 19761____________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1976 _______________
Anaheim—
Santa Ana—
Garden Grove,
Calif., Oct. 1976___________________________________________
Atlanta, G a., May 1977 ______________________________________
Baltimore, M d., Aug. 1977__________________________________
Billings, Mont., July 1977 1_________________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1977______________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1976 __________________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1976 ____________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1977 1 ___________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1977 ________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1977 1
____________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., July 1977 1______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1976_________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 197 6__________________________________
Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1977 1__________________________
Dallas—
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1976________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1977*____
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1976 ____________________________________
Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1977 1___________________________
Denver—
Boulder, Colo., Dec. 197 6_________________________
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1977__________________________________
Fresno, Calif., June 1977 ___________________________________
Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1977 1
______________________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1977_________________________________
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point,
N.C., Aug. 1977 1___ ____ __________________________________
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977 __________________
Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1977_________________________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1976 __________________________________
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1977 1________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1976________________________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1977 1 _________________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 19761______________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1976 1______________________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 197 6________________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1976_____________________________
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark.— iss., Nov. 1976 1 _________________
M




B u l l e t i n n u m b er
and p H c e *

1900-76, 85 cents
1900-59, 55 cents
1900-67,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1950-35,
1900-63,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1950-43,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

75 cents
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$1.10
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
95 cents
75 cents
$1.00
85 cents
$1.10
85 cents
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,
1900-75,

$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
85 cents
$1.40
75 cents
$1.50
85 cents
$1.05
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents

Area

Miami, Fla., Oct. 197 6______________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1977 ________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.—
Wis., Jan. 1977 ______________
Nassau—
Suffolk, N.Y., June 1977 ___________________________
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1977 .._________ _________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1977* _____________________________
New York, N.Y.-N .J., May 1977_________ __________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—
N.C., May 1977 _____________ _____ ______ _________ ________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va.—
N.C., May 1977 ____________
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1977 1________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1976___________________________
Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Oct. 1976_____________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1977 ________________
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1976 1_________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1977__________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1976 1 _______________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1977 1_________________________
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1977 _____________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y., June 1976_______
Providenc e—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass., June 1977* _________________________________________
Richmond, Va., June 1977 1 _________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-Ill., Mar. 1977 ______ _____ _________________
Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1976 _____________________________
Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1976 1_________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1976_____________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1977*______________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1976________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1977 ________________
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1977_________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan 1977 1_________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1976 ________________________________
Syracuse, N. Y ., July 197 6__________________________________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., May 1977______________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1977___________________________________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1977 1 _____________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Mar. 1977 _____________________
V
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1977 1 _________________________________
Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1977 ______________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1977 _______________________________________

1

B u l l e t i n n u m b er
and p r i c e *

1900-66,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

75 cents
$ 1.10
$1.60
$1.00
$1.60
$1.60
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1950-34,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
55 cents
55 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.50
85 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
$1.10
55 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20
55 cents
55 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.10

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin