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Area Wage Survey
Trenton, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, September 1976
Bulletin 1900-56
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




^

- c?

*

Preface
T h is b u ll e t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a S e p t e m b e r 1976 s u r v e y
o £ o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in the T r e n t o n , New J e r s e y , Sta nda rd
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( M e r c e r Cou nty).
Th e s u r v e y w a s
m a d e as p a r t of the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d data f o r in d i­
v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as w e l l as n a tio n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i ­
m a t e s f o r a l l St a n d a rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Un ited
S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A l a s k a and Haw aii.

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have
b e e n c o m p l e t e d , t w o s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e i s s u e d .
The f i r s t
b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.

T h e T r e n t o n s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N. Y . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of
A n th o n y J. F e r r a r a , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r ­
a tio n s .
The s u r v e y c o u l d n o t have (been a c c o m p l i s h e d without
the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data
p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this bu lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e ^ a ppre cia tio n f o r t h e ' c o o p ­
eration receiv ed .

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
i s the n e e d to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) the m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l le v e l.
The p r o g r a m
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
clu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t lo c a t i o n .
Survey results also
a r e u s e d b y the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.

N ote:

C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
(See
l i s t o f a r e a s o n in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d ann ually.
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s is o b ta in e d e v e r y
t h ir d y e a r .

A l s o a v a i l a b le f o r th e T r e n t o n a r e a a r e li s t i n g s
w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g
tra d e s,
p r in t in g t r a d e s ,
lo c
o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s a n d h e l p e r s , a
sto r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e s e a r e a v a ila b i
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s




u

Bulletin 1900-56

Area W age Survey:

January 1977

Trenton, New Jersey,
U.S. D E P A R TM E N T OF LABO R , W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
B U R E AU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Metropolitan Area
September 1976

Contents

Page

In tro d u ctio n __________________________________________

2

Page
A p p e n d ix A.
A p p e n d ix B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y ________
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________

11
14

Tables:
A.

E a r n in g s :
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __
A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________
A - 4 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a i n t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
A-5.

A -6.

A- l.

w o r k e r s _____________________________________
Hourly earnings of m aterial

3
5

6

7

m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s ________________________________
8
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
m aintenance, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r p la n t, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________
9
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , ad ju s te d
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s _______________ 10




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C.
20 40 2, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover.
1

Superintendent of Documents.

Price 55 cents.

Make checks payable to




Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U.S.
D e p a rtm e n t of L a b o r 's Bu reau of L a b o r Sta tistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated b en efits.
In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a c o m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it, m a il q u e s tio n n a ire ,
and teleph on e in terv iew .
R epresen tative e s ta b lish ­
m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tion,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce ,
i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups ex clu d ed f r o m
th ese
stu dies
a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lish ­
m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e of in su fficie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d .
Separate ta b u la ­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w hich m eet pu blication crite ria .

( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , a nd p o w e r p l a n t , a nd (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
survey areas,
tables A - l a th rou gh A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r da t a f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs of o ffice c le r ic a l w o r k e r s ,
electron ic
data p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten an ce trad es w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , da t a a r e
p r e s e n te d fo r all in d u strie s ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g,
and
n on m an u fa ctu rin g.
This table p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e of
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s c a u s e d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts a m on g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as t u r n o v e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r d etails, see
app end ix A.
A pp en d ixe s

A - s e r i e s ta b les
T a b le s A - 1 through A - 6 p rov id e e stim a tes
o f s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly o r h o u rly earn ings fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ,

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m a nd
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u se d
b y B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation .

A. Earnings
Table A-1.

W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in Trenton, N .J ., S eptem ber 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

$
85

w eek ly
h ours 1
(standard

of
workers

M ean

*

M edian

^

M id d le range

of wcirkers receiving s traight-time weekly earnings of---

Numbe
$
*

$
90

$
95

S

S
ioo

no

120

$
130

S

i

140

150

s
160

170

s
180

$
190

s

S
200

210

220

230

240

250

T
260

and
unde r

270
and

90

all

95

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

-

-

“

“

2

17
8
9

26
15
11

67
40
27

61
51
10

131
105
26

138
97
41

101
72
29

102
61
41

94
60
3a

116
59
57

6?
50
12

63
25
38

31
13
18

44

6

1

-

_

-

“

1
-

5

5
“

6
2

10
6

19
12

21
8

31
11

15
7

46
18

37
28

17
8

_
-

-

.
*

4
4

19
11
8

16
13
3

41
37
4

45
45

*

28
25
3

37
32
5

39
3A
b

37
30
7

23
20
3
2
2

workers

$
$
$
$
193.00 190.00 1 6 8 . 0 0 - 2 1 6 . 0 0
189.50 183.50 1 6 5 . 0 0 - 2 1 1 . 0 0
198.50 199. 50 1 7 7 . 5 0 - 2 2 4 . 5 0

22

2

22

4

21
14
7

18
9

16
13

5
1

9
3

10
5
5

7
1
6

7
4
3

1
1
*

10
10
*

34
10

5

15

*

*

-

“

-

-

1
1

*

3
3

_

-

-

-

_
-

*

*

-

-

-

SECRETARIES -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------N0NMANUE ACTURING--------

1,0 82
695
387

SECRETARIES, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------

261
126

3 7 . 5 2 10 .5 0 2 11 .00
3 9. 0 216 .0 0 2 19 .5 0

188.00-229.50
194.00-232.50

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

326
270
56

3 9. 0 193.50 191.00
3 9 . 5 193.50 190.00
3 7 . 5 193.00 2 01 .50

169.50-214.00
171.50-211.00
150.00-227.00

.
*

.
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 —
MANUFACTURING --------------

474
288

3 7 . 5 181.00
3 8 . 5 172.50

160.00-200.50
155.50-186.50

-

-

-

*

2
1

12
8

19
13

43
29

39
36

80
62

74
40

52
39

29
16

38
19

30
11

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL —
MANUFACTURING --------------

68
53

156.00 1 4 5 . 0 0 - 1 9 2 . 5 0
151.00 1 4 5 » 0 0 - l 6 l *50

-

.

-

2
-

2
2

3
3

3
2

17
17

11
11

6
5

1
*

*

15
12

1

-

6
*

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

167
29
138

37 .0 168.00 169.00
3 8 . 5 177.00 185.00
3 6 . 5 166. 50 167.00

154.50-185.00
155.00-202.00
154.00-181.00

_

-

-

2

"" -

4
4

5
2
3

26
4

31
4
27

18
2
16

26
2
24

32
3
29

8
8

12
12

22

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS -----------

46

3 7 . 5 1A1.50 145.00

130.00-145.00

-

-

-

-

3

7

9

19

-

-

8

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g
-------------

76
30

3 7 . 5 152.00
3 9. 0 162.00

147.00
151.00

134.50-166.50
146.50-185.50

_

_

_

_

10

7

-

-

17
13

5

-

12
-

13

-

2
*

2

2

d

8
8

1
1

-

-

TYPISTS. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

207
73
13A

37 .0 129.00
38 .0 130.50
3 6 . 5 128.00

125.06 1 1 0 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . 0 0
130.00 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . 0 0
122.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . 0 0

_

-

-

40
8
32

24
11
13

34
16
18

29
11
18

17
13
4

11
11

2
2

2
2

1
1

2
2

.

-

1
1
-

44
13
31

38. 0
3 9. 0
3 6. 0

38 .0
3 9. 0

165.00
159.00

177.50
169.50

-

-

-

-

1

2

2
2

2

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

.
*

.
*

-

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ------

89

38.0

117.00

108. 00

100.00-130.00

5

6

8

27

9

8

6

12

-

3

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MESSENGERS --------------------------

36

3 7. 0

13C.00

117.50

105.00-131.00

-

-

2

8

11

6

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 8 . 5 15A.50 154.00

127.50-175.00

1

1

-

1

6

2

8

-

5

3

6

2

-

1

1

-

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

3
-

-

_

-

-

1

23
23

.

-

12
7

-

-

4
1

8

-

-

-

•

-

5
5

16
16

.

.

-

1
1

•

-

1
1

-

25
25
*

29

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ----

A0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------

73
50

38. 0
38.0

149.50
155. 50

130.00-157.50
125.00-156.00

ORDER CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------—

4 4

3 8 . 5 199. 00 167.50
3 8 . 5 199.00 167.50

163.00-254.00
163.00-254.00

-

196
170
26

3 8 . C 184.00
3 8 . 5 185.00
3 6 . 5 178.50

163.00-192.00
162.00-193.00
164.50-189.00

2A0
129
111

3 7 . 5 168.50 153.50 1 3 4 . 5 0 - 2 0 7 . 5 0
3 9. 0 151.50 138.00 1 2 5 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 . 0 0
3 6. 0 187.50 207 .5 0 1 5 3 . 5 0 - 2 0 7 . 5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------

AA
-----------------------

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS 4 --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---PAYROLL CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d istrib u te d a s fo llo w s :

AO
35

145. 00
145. 50

3 9. 0 177. 50
3 9 . 5 180. 50

1 at $ 2 7 0

178.50
179.00
173.00

1 9 0 . CO 1 4 4 . 5 0 - 2 0 0 . 0 0
190. 00 1 4 6 . 5 0 - 2 0 0 . 0 0

to $ 2 8 0 ; 8 at $ 2 8 0

-

12
12

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
-

-

8
7
1

-

-

-

-

-

to $ 2 9 0 ; and 1 at $ 2 9 0 to $ 30 0 .

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

4

12

-

4

lo

“

1

1
1

-

-

6
6
28
28
-

29
26
3

7

5
3
2

7

2
1

40
30
10

6
4

-

*

37
23
14

17

10

11
4

28
23

13

3
7

1

1

5
5

5

1

5

1
1

7

27
27
-

5

5
5

22

2

15

3
-

4
4

2
-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

*

1
1
-

4

6
1

1

1
1

2
2

1
1

3

-

1
1
-

-

*

1
1

-

1

1

-

-

-

5

59
11
48

*

-

1

“

l
*

1

5
5

13
13

1

-

-

-

2

-

2

1

2

*10
10
12
12
16
8
8
-

T ab le A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in T re n to n , N .J ., S ep tem b e r 1976 — C ontinued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

1

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e wee kly ea rn in g s of ----

$

A vera ge
w e e k ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

%
85

M edian

^

M iddle ranged

%

s

$

*

S

$

s

%

5

1

$

100

no

120

130

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

250

260

95

100

110

120

130

1A0

li>0

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2A0

250

260

270 o v e r

X69

■'t Tr UmL i vr t.KM 1UKj y CLAj j u
I

^
00

$
$
$
16A.50 1A8.00-18A.00
1A8.00-188.50
15T.no
172.50

20

10

1
1

13

1

137.00 120.00-159.50
1
137.00

See footnotes at end of tables.




270
and

workers —

J^

3 -------

s

95

CONTINUER

$

s

4

90

and
under

90

all

i

I

$

4

.

13

10
1

Tab le A -2 .

W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in T re n to n , N .J ., S ep tem b e r 1976
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

*
£

A verage
w eek ly
(standard)

M ean

*

M edian

^

M id d le range

*

150

160

Number o f w orkers receiving straight- tim e weekly earnings of—
i
£
$
t
S
£
S
£
S
S
$
$
$
*
170 180
190 200 210 220 240
260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400

160

170

180

S

140
Under
,
5
and
140 under
150

$

$

190

200

-

210

*

220

240

260

280

300

320

$

$

440

480

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

1

8

4

2

5

5

-

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS), CLASS A --------------

25

$
$
$
$
39.0 392.50 379.50 355.00-407.00

-

“

*

-

-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
30.0

1

395.00 322.50-414.00

1

12

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
14

320.50
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------- -------------

U • LH

" L 'm1

j t

LL Mj j

35

37.5 247.50 249.50 224.50-257.00

-

-

*

"

-

“

2

59
34
25

38. J 235.50 225.50 21 m .00-254.00
38.5 254.00 249.00 227.50-266.00
37.5 211.00
194.00-221.00

-

-

-

-

1

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1f

D

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------

84
84

f i jU

1

10
1

6

6

13

3

2

2

12

14
8

10

4

1

9

6
6

1

11
11

22
22

11
11

12
12

1
1

1

1
1

2
2

4

4

1

27
27

t. c j • J v

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

•

-

40.0 291.00 286.50 268.00-321.00
40.0 291.00 286.50 268.00-321.00

*

13
13

6
6

4
4

-

-

-

-

8

5

3

*

1
1

1

“

1

2
2

*

1
1

“

40.0 221.50 211.00 192.50-235.00
40.0 221.50 211.00 192.50-235.00

See footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




-

1

2
2

6
6

4
4

3

1

_

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------

-

5

3

6

6

1

Table A -3 . A verage w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and te c h n ica l w o rkers, by sex,
in T re n to n , N .J ., S ep te m b e r 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

W eek ly
hour? 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

MEN

OFFICE

$
M v v v U P I 1 MU
*

v L C ' T -J ^
\

A^

A verage
(ru ean 2 )

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
Number
of
workers

OCCUPATIONS

WOMEN—

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
OCCUPATIONS

-

CONTINUED

M
39.0

-

130.50
127.50

38.0

73

38.0
38.0

145.00
145.50

n

- - - - - - - - - - - -

34

38.0
38.0

39.0

38.0
38.5

261
14.6

37.5

39.0

.1 ^
-

s , c rw /s

yy
/
28a

b3

181.00
172.50

A v ,v 'J U 'i 1 X 'i v

L L L ' i '1

?

CL 0 0 j

159.00

.......

37

39

0

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS)*

168.00
177.00

37.5

39.0

141.50

236.50
257.00

38.0

188.00

'O

T r (Jn v ' 1

v " L 'l A 1 U '‘ J 1

LL n JO

.

W

_

117
48

152.00
162.00

38.0

c

6

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

nn

Lo . 0 r!
n0

141.50
141.00

See footnotes at end of tables.

3

176.00
179.00

1 V -»

37.5




(BUSINESS),

ic'a

1

30

PROGRAMMERS

n

136
46

COMPUTER
CLASS A

D

39.5

mm

ANALYSTS

38.5
158

103

167

SYSTEMb

39
37.5
38.5

i c r Of
_

1m

$
3 9 2 . SO

1 7 9 . 0U

34

iP O
i

2S

M

249.00

39.0> 1 9 3 . 5 0
3 9 . S 193.50

210.50

_____ _______

N U N MA nl U r A v I U

vL M j J

176.00
176.00

154.50

193.00
189.50

32S
269
56

_ _

l u U J 1 IlL. 3 J ' f

COMPUTER

1*081
694
Ju7
CLASS

39.0

TECHNICAL
- MEN

116.50

WOMEN
88

SECRETARIES*

W eek ly
earnings 3
(standard)

211.00
38.0

OCCUPATIONS

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

$ _

31

OFFICE

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

40.0
40.0

^
C-C. 1 . r_n
-30

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in T re n to n , N .J ., S ep tem b e r 1976
H u l erig 4
o r y anns
S

Occupation and industry division

o
f
wres
okr

4.00

Mean2 Median2

Middle r n e *
ag

S
4.20

4.40

4.40

4.60

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of-s
S
S
$
S
S
S
S
S
s
S

S

s

A .60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

A .80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5 t 6fl 5

■5---- i

5 .60

5.80

6.00

6.20

6.40

6.60

f8 0

6.00

6.20

6.40

6.60

6

6.80

7.00

7.20

•0 0

7.20

S

S

S

S

5

%

7.40

7.60

7.80

8.00

8.20

8.40

!ilo_

8.40

8.60

7.40

and
under
4.20

•8 0

7

J . 8 Q _ 8.00

ALU WORKERS
$

$

$

$

MAINTENANCE CARP-ENTERS — ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------

42
39

6.14
6.16

5.80
5.78

5.425.42-

6.65
6.72

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

7
7

10
7

1
1

4
4

2
2

1
1

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ---------M ANUFACTURING--- --------- ------

164
154

6.75
6.64

6.49
6.44

5.675.67-

8.02
8.02

-

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

18
18

14
14

14
14

12
12

10
10

3
3

11
11

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

36
36

5.98
5.98

5.68
5.68

5.305.30-

6.17
6.17

1

-

-

-

1

4
4

-

7
7

6
6

1
1

8
8

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

126
126

6.15
6,15

6.01
6.01

5.645.64-

6.44
6.44

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

•
-

24
24

19
19

6
6

39
39

-

21
21

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------

257
237

6.37
6.23

6.19
6.11

5.195.19-

7.57
7.33

-

-

27
27

11
11

12
12

15
15

•
-

19
19

12
12

1
1

51
51

2
2

•
-

8
6

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---— ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

43
32
29

6.92

7.66
7.66
7.66

5.776.357.60-

7.94
7.94
8.06

-

-

-

-

-

7
2

2
2
2

-

4
4

-

“

1

7.20
7.40

-

-

2
2
2

-

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

92
85

6.77
6.73

7.12
7.12

5.575.48-

7.94
7.94

•
-

•
-

-

-

_
-

5
5

.
*

18
18

13
13

*

6
6

“

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

67
67

7.42
7.42

7.94
7.94

6.856.85-

7.94
7.94

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

5
5

-

•
*

*

*

TOOL AND OIE MAKERS --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

242
242

7.49
7.49

8.20
8.20

6.306.30-

8.20
8.20

-

-

-

“

•
—

-

28
28

4
4

•

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

64
47

6.04
6.17

5.74
5.74

5.465.49-

7.57
6.95

1
1

7
7

13
13

1

-

4
4

4
4

108

5.03

4.86

1

.
_

-

9

-

“
17

1
1

27

See footnotes at end of tables.




7

15

3
2

*

“
2

3

2

•
-

-

4
4

1

*

*

1
1

15
15

*
-

2
2

•
-

39
39

16
6

1
1

-

2
2

-

6
6

*

-

*

.
*

-

15
15

-

•
*

•

-

3
3

28
24

-

4
1

49
49

11

-

*

*

-

3

4
4

-

2
2

-

•
-

8
8
8

10
6
6

7
7
7

1
1
1

*

•
-

_

-

43
40

•

-

-

*

-

-

-

14
14

•

"

34
34

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

1
1

-

17
17

141
141

-

9
9

3
3

1

-

•

1
1
44
44
5
5

*

1

•
-

-

3
3

-

2

2

-

-

•

2

-

3
3
9
9

-

2
2

-

-

1

•

5

“

-

-

-

T a b le A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in T re n to n , N .J ., S ep tem b er 1976
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of---

Hourly earnings 4
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

S
2.30
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

2.50

$

$

t

%

s

S

s

%

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

s
5.00

s
5.20

5.40

t
5.60

S

2.80

s
4.80

$

2.60

6.00

6.40

t
6 .80

s
7.20

2.50

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

6_«00

6.40

6.80

7 .20

7.60

WORKERS
1

25

1

92

1

1 1-

1

92

3

MEDIUM

36

8

1

TRUCKDRIVERS.

$

and
under
2.40

ALL

%

------- S

s
2.40

1

8

TRUCK:

1

2

8

4*05

1

'U U

4.00-

4.91

3

*"01

^0

1
1

n ir r ir iu

> m u f t L * 'j

■ ■ ■

1

8

3.20-

cJ

1

4.79

4.39-

i

1

4.61

3.61-

i
1

XJ
1

8

19

JC

6.32

^*88

1
1

10

18
10
24
24

61

48

10

.
uUMKUi

MNU

W f 1 L' InLnj "
l
-------------------------

4.24

2.403.91-

4.06
6.60

4.

4.06

2.60

2.30-

4.25
2.60

0-

1

1

4

-

1J
6

232

51

75
1

98

12

18

6.73

J.24

2.30-

94

4.78

4.96

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

8

-

1

3

1
1

22

5

10

-

-

1

-

-

14

103

10

40

15

1
1

24

1

20
8

1
1

12

7

24

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

GUARDS:

JANITORS*

PORTERS.

AND

CLEANERS

----

768

47

5

j

4

34

6
98

7
8

See footnotes at end of tables.




8

7
5

4
1

1
14
1

3
17

1

1J
1

8
1
1

*




T a b le A -6 .

A verag e hourly e arnings o f m a in te n a n c e , to o lro o m ,

p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m o v e m e n t, and custo d ial w o rk e rs .

by sex, in Trenton, N.J., September 1976
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

A v erag e
(m e a n 2 )
h o u rly
e a rn in g s 4

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

$
6.14

1 K U U ' U K 1 V t Hj

54

4.63

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

91

4.52

O R D E R F I L L E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------------

63
51

4.67
4.75

CLERKS

5.98
WAREHOUSEMEN

MECHANICS

MAINTENANCE

(MACHINERY)

-

257
237

$

TRUCK i

------------------------------------------------------------------

RECEIVING
36

""

MAINTENANCE

erig 4
anns

L U N 1 1 iMUcU

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM
n A N U r A v 1U K l I r b

164
154
» Air* 1 u K j

A v erag e
(m ean * )
h o u rly

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
42

1 triAlivC

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

6.37
6.23

MECHANICS

SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

88
87

4.16
4.18

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

4.08

316

5.17
5.15

261

3.05

M A N U r A C 1U N x N b
TOOL

AND

OIE

------------------------------------------------------

242

7.49

------------------------------------------------------------------

108

sTo3

MAKERS

g u a r d s

:

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

MANUFACTURING

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS

244
44

6.25
5.29

---------------------------------- —

----------

AND CUSTODIAL
WOMEN

-

3.00
3.66

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

Table A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups, adjusted fo r e m p lo ym e n t shifts.

in Trenton, N.J., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group
(men and w o m e n combined)

September 1972
to
September 1973

September 1973
to
September 1974

September 1974
to
September 197 5

September 197 5
to
September 1976

All industries:
_______
Office clerical___________________
Electronic data processing _ _ _ ____
_
Industrial nurses________________
Skilled maintenance trades **
_
_
Unskilled plant workers * * ___ ______ ______

7.0
*
4.7
7.6
7.1

8.1
9.0
10.3
8.5
8.2

8.1
8.8
6.8
7.2
8.7

7.5
5.9
7.4
6.5
6.8

Manufacturing:
__
_____
Office clerical... . . _ _ ______ _
.
_ _ ____
_
Electronic data processing______
Industrial nurses__________________ _ _ __
_ _
Skilled maintenance trades * * ___
_
_
_
Unskilled plant workers * * _______
_ _____ _

5.8
*
4.7
7.5
7.7

8.3
***
10.3
8.4
8.8

7.5
***
6.8
7.1
8.3

7.3
***
7.4
6.4
8.3

***

***
***
***
***
***

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Electronic data processing_____ __ __ _ _____
Industrial nurses _____________
_ _ _
_
---------Skilled maintenance trades * * --Unskilled plant workers * * ______________
___

sjojoje

*

***

***

***
***
7.1

***
5.7

***
***
sjcsie*

*
Data not available.
**
Percent increases for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to m e n only.
*** Data do not meet publication criteria.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




10

Appendix A
Area wage and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits
of Bureau field representatives at 3-year intervals. 1 In each of the inter­
vening years, information on employment and occupational earnings is col­
lected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone
interview from establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 84 2 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from
representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufac­
turing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale
trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for each
of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sampling
procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the
scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees.
From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each
establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum
accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small estab­
lishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is
weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates
are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected,
it is given a weight of four to represent itself plus three others. An alternate
of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classi­
fication if data are not available from the original sample member. If no
suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample
member that is similar to the missing unit.
Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types:
(1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occu­
pations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless
otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all
industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and
1 Personal v sits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
i
^ Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, Tex.; Binghamton, N.Y. —Pa.; Birmingham, Ala.; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West
Palm Beach— Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—Fayette, Ky. ; Melbourne— Titusville— Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk— Virginia
Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va. — N. C.; Poughkeepsie— Kingston— Newburgh, N.Y. ; Raleigh—
Durham, N.C.; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N.Y.; Utica-Rome, N.Y. ; and Westchester County, N.Y. In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




11

described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are
not presented in the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the
occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or
(2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Sepa­
rate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the number of
workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women
identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry
divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise,
data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification of
electronics technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or infor­
mation to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time
workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data
exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances
and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and
professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular
straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or
premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded
to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual jobs
are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firms may change, or
high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occu­
pational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages
during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
A -7 , are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual
establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include pro­
gression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are
collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job
descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys
usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments
and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f the stu dy and n ot the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e ca u se o ccu p a tion a l stru ctu re s am ong establish m en ts d iffe r , estim a te s o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s da ta .

Wage tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l grou ps

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the t r e n d j o b s in b o th
the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e
a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t s h ifts
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sa m p les.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, are still a ffe cte d by fa c to r s
o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p rovid in g a range o f w age ra tes f o r individual jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at the b o t t o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :

S k ille d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n
and w o m e n ) :

C om puter system s
analy sts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g ra m m e rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter op era tors,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Carpenters
E lectrician s
P a in ters
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m ach inery)
M e ch a n ics (m otor vehicle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and *
1
2
3
w o m e n ):
R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r indiv:
as f o l l o w s :

U n s k i l l e d plant ( m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a t e r i a l h an dlin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m

are com puted

O ccu p a tio n s u sed to co m p u te w age tr e n d s a r e :

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w om en):

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n )— C o n tin u e d

S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
S tenographers, senior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
File c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
Me s s e n g e r s
Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r s
O rder clerk s

A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ook k eeping-m ach in e
op erators, cla ss B
P a y roll clerk s
Keypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e
o p e ra to rs, cla ss B

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d
dates.
W hen the t i m e spa n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , annual
r a t e s a r e sh o w n .
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a te
betw een su rv e y s.)

1.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m ean) ea rn in gs is m u ltip lied
b y it s w e ig h t .
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d t o o b ta in a
group a verage.

3.

The ra tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The r e s u l t e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1973, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s




T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is b u ll e t in .
In for­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e t a b u ­
la t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; pa id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r th is a r e a .
* Personal visits were on a 2 -y e a r c y cle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
inTrenton, N .J.,1September 1976
In d ustry d iv isio n 2

M in im u m
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in scope
of study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scop e of study 4

W ithin scope
of study 3

Studied

Studied
N u m ber

Percen t

239

99

5 2 ,2 50

100

3 9, 357

*

102
13?

95
99

33,099
19,151

63
37

2 3, 9 69
10,388

50
50
50
50
50

10
18
51
12
96

8
5
11
6
19

3 ,3 8 3
1 ,2 8 7
6 ,9 1 5
2 ,6 6 9
5,902

6
2
12
5
10

3,2 91
512
2 .2 7 3
2 ,0 1 6
2 ,3 9 6

ALL DIVISIONS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------- ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n * COMMUNICATION, and
OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES5 ------------------------------------------WHOLESALE t r a o e 6 -------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, i n s u ra n ce , and real e s t a t e 6 --------------SERVICES 6 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts

50

1 The Tren ton Standard M e trop olitan S ta tistic a l A r e a , as defined by the O ffic e of M a n a g em en t and B udget through F e b r u a r y 19 74 , c o n s is t s of M e r c e r C ounty. The
"w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this ta b le p rovid e a r ea so n a b ly ac cu ra te d e sc r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the lab or fo r c e included in the
s u r v e y . E s tim a te s are not intended, h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r iso n with other em p lo y m en t in dexes to m e a s u r e em p lo y m en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin c e (1) planning o f w age su rv e y s
r e q u ir e s e sta b lish m e n t d ata com p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p eriod stud ied , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts are exclu d ed fr o m the scop e of the su rv e y .
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes all e sta b lish m e n ts with total em p lo y m en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f co m p a n ie s in in d u strie s such as tra de,
fin a n c e, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th eaters are co n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Includes all w o r k e r s in all e sta b lish m e n ts with total e m p loym en t (within the a rea) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b re v ia ted to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n are ex clu d ed .
6 T h is d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S ep arate p resen ta tio n of d ata is not m ad e for
one or m o r e o f the follow in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d ata to m e r it se p a r a te stud y, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e of individual e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d ries and oth er p e r so n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir , r en ta l, and p arkin g; m otion p ic t u r e s ; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip
or g a n iza tio n s (exclu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s); and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .




13

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t
it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d fo r other p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to on e in d i v i d u a l .
M ain ­
t a in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
sup ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e
and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E xclu sion s

a. R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.

E sta b lish es,

c.
in stru cted ;
d.

m ain tain s,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s
R elays m e s s a g e s

from

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n a r e
as follow s:

a. P o s i t i o n s
d s ri
c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n te s cas b e d a b o v e ;
b.

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ;

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




sional,

w hich

do

not

meet

the

"p erson a l"

secretary concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
techn ical, or m a n a ge ria l p e r so n s ;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h the d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly
m o r e r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e f i n i t i o n ;

s t e n o g r a p h i c and t y p in g w o r k .

B e g in n i n g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u r e a u h as g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s have not b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o in g s o m i g h t h ave a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s to the
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u has a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t i o n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f the s u r v e y j o b s .

14

T h e t i t l e s m o r e n e a r l y r e f l e c t u su a l

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y ---- Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C lass

C

e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p ositio n s which in volve m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
re s p o n s ib le te c h n ica l, adm inistra tive, s u p e r v is o r y , o r sp e cia liz e d c le r i c a l
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to on e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e f in it io n
d u t ie s w h i c h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e
o f t e n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o £
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s who h av e a s i g n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The ti tle " v i c e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an i n d iv id u a l pla nt, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5, 000
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r de n y
i n d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la ss D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r hea d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r assista n t, sk illed techn ician, o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

P r i m a r y duty i s to ta ke d i c t a t i o n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
May operate fro m a s ten o­
graphic pool.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( if p r i m a r y
du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .

3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 25,000 p erson s.

N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

C lass B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

Stenographer, G eneral

keep

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

S ten og rap h er, Sen ior
D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m aintain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.

3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
eith er a m a j o r c o r p o r a tio n w id e functional a ctivity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) cm a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

OR

4. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l pla n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

15

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow ing :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u ch as m a in t a in in g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t in g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
ro u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TYPIST

SW ITCHBOARD O P ER ATO R

P r i m a r y du ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t i o n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e
v ocabu lary from tr a n scrib in g -m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
c o p y and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t i o n in v o lv in g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s uch as le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s h o rt h a n d o r by S te n o type o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u se d with a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o in g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s operatin g a telephon e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and i s u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i le at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded.
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O pe rat o r - R e c e p t i o n i s t .

TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s have b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y i n c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u se in d u p lic a t in g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g little s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h as
k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d is t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m ail.
C lass A.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m w hen it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , pu n ctu atio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u nusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a ge m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n nin g la yo u t and
ty pin g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and b a la n c e in
s p a c i n g . M ay ty pe r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la ss
ro u gh o r c l e a r
o r se ttin g up
a l r e a d y set up

B.
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty pin g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e ty pin g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s i m p l e s ta n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

FILE C LE R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d filin g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A.
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
containing a n um ber of v a rie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o file th is
m aterial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n with the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p e rfo rm
related c l e r i c a l tasks
r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., a lph abetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e rica l).
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u tin e d u t ie s s u ch as ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.




SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in volves
b u s i n e s s and
priate p e r so n
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
such d u tie s a s g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n by te l e p h o n e and
a p p o in t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l ,
phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e any c o m b in ation o f t h e _f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o t in g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r s h e e t lis ti n g the i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
Ma y
c h e c k with c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey
h ave b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g i n v o i c e s
with o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
ACCOUNTING C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the in tern a d c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s types of r e p o r t s , lis ts , c a lcu la tio n s , posting,
e tc .; o r p r e p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to have a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
U n de r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d or n onrep etitive accounting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s
th ro u gh p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t in g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by o n e o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K ---- Co ntinue d

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

C la ss B .
Under c l o s e su p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d etailed in st r u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n t s u s in g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting c o d e s .

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic
n u m e r i c data on t a b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r w it h ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y with the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to be u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g lit tle k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
i n c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribution, ex p en se distribu tion , in v en tory c o n tr o l, etc.
May c h e ck o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.
M ACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
ord in a ry or e le ctro m a tic typew riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operations.
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B illin g-m a ch in e b ille r .
U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m ach in e (com bin ation
t y p in g and a dd in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a ls w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d by
m ach in e.
The o p era tion usually in volves a la rge n u m ber o f ca rb o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e on a f a n f o ld m a c h i n e .
B ook k eeping-m ach in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e iv a b le operation.
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y the d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
keeping.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
PA Y R O LL CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D utie s i n v o l v e :
C alcu latin g w o r k e r s ' earn ings
b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d da ta o n p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r i b u t i n g pa y e n v e l o p e s .
May use a
calculating m ach in e.




P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

le ve ls

on

the

an d /or

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
M ay
train in e x p e rie n ce d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B.
W o r k i s r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e su p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a rio u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h av e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h ave b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e lit tle o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s arisin g fr o m e rro n e o u s item s or co d e s o r m issin g in form ation .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h as the t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u cin g punch, e tc .
E xcluded fr o m
t h is d e f in it io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are o p e r a to r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou gh th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e e q u ip m e n t .
P ositions
d e fin ition s.

are

cla ssifie d

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
in c l u d i n g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e pla n nin g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not i n c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in stru ctio n s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C op erators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C lass C .
Under s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u ch as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , in d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s , o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
May p e r fo rm
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f ilin g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS---- C o n tin u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
D evelop s a co m p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ire d d igital co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to be u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru ns o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s hou ld be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s if th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pa y .)

C la ss C,
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s sig n e d , u su ally o f a single a ctivity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills req u ire d fo r sy ste m s a n aly sis w ork .
F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p rog ra m m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

D o e s not in c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C la ss A.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g all ph ases of s y s te m a n a ly sis.
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f o u tp u t da ta .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h the f u ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia te d b y the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
Makes re co m m e n d a tio n s , if n eeded,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINE SS
C o n v e rts statem ents of b u sin e ss p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p rep a red by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ich a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s kn ow led ge o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a tic s , log ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h da ta w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r ada p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
if th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

May p r o v id e fun ction al
w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

direction

to

low er

level sy ste m s

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i fy
the n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f the p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u t in e ;
p la n s the f u l l ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

C l a s s B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a nk, m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lie d .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
of internal p r o c e s s in g actions m ust o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such a c t i o n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to da ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u tin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u id a n c e on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is re v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e with i n s t r u c t i o n s , and t o i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

a n a ly s t s

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

18

COMPUTER PROGRAMM ER,

BU S I N E S S — Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Co ntinue d

C la ss B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la t iv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
or th ree v a rie d seq u en ces or f o r m a t s.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d itio n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input data w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the data h av e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t in e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r or s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r fo r m in g l e s s difficu lt tasks a ssig n ed ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y gu ide o r i n s t r u c t lo v / e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C.
M akes p r a c t ic a l app lication s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n in g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedure s .

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : S tud ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t with r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
For

wage

stu dy

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B.
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n de r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li ttle o r no t e s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t be c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
T h is
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g
standard c o r r e c t i o n te ch n iq u e s.
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru nnin g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
with f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
receiv ed
operator

C la ss C .
W o r k s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru nn in g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s hav in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t with the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r design ch a n g es.
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s with a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by l o w e r
level drafters.

C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s
re g u la rly used.
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s uch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w orkin g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s with i r r e g i l l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c i s e p o sitio n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite ctu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g i n c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n tit ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w ork is ch eck ed f o r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.

C la ss C.
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s in g le unit s o r p a r t s f o r
en gineering, co n stru ction , m anufacturing, o r rep air p u rposes.
Types of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on so lid a te s details fr o m a n um ber of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m eth od s of
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g ive n
with in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w hen a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)

Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.

AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
Work is closely supervised during progress.
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment--- consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.

Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com­
plex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.
Class C . Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instruc­
tions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such
tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes).
Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to
increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can
advance to higher level technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review
when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following
definitions.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become- ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by refer­
ence to manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on elec­
tronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of
circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent
engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the inter­
relationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such
tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­
ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual
trace oscilloscopes, Q-m eters, deviation meters, pulse generators).

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE CARPENTER— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions;

using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general,
the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experi­
ence usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.




20

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r v e h ic le )

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the instal­
lation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution,
or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equip­
ment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit
breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission
equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifi­
cations; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equip­
ment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring
or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and
measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following; Examining automotive equip­
ment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing
repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills,
or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken
or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and
installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjust­
ments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body
bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MAINTENANCE PAINTER

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and
interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors,
oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or
consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MACHINIST
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Interpreting written instructions and speci­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g an d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y of m a c h i n i s t 's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common
metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this
work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general,
the machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Machinery)
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs;
preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experi­
ence. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.



This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers'
vehicles in automobile repair shops.

21

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems
are excluded.
MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of
sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifi­
cations; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out
work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses,
strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equip­
ment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing
and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives
and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and per­
forming other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work
the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some
trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and
tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform
specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed
by workers on a full-time basis.

Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal
dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g.,
plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying
out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral
specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and
alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to
complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating
various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die
maker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very
close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to
achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed toler­
ances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (Toolroom)
Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool
(e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine
metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges,
or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require com­
plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or
tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables,
and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine
proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those pre­
scribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision
measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining
operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be
required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to
recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work
of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this
classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
experience.

For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (l) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).
STATIONARY ENGINEER
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or airconditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.
Head or. chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer
are excluded.
BOILER TENDER

For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in" which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TRUCKDRIVER— Continued

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport mate­
rials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, whole­
sale and retail establishments, or between r e t a i l establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with
or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good
w o r k i n g order. Sales-route and over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis
of trailer capacity.)




22

Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light truck (under 1V tons)
2
medium truck ( 1 V to and including 4 tons)
2
heavy truck (trailer) (over 4 tons)
heavy truck (other than trailer) (over 4 tons)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C ontinued

shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the
merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing
others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading,
invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged
goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and main­
taining necessary records and files.

shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing con­
tainer; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers
who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Shipping clerk
Receiving clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
t a k i n g inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and
reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiv­
ing work (see Shipping and Receiving Clerk and Shipping Packer), order filling
(see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator).
ORDER FILLER
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.
SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location: and transporting
materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshore
workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.
POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck
or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:
Forklift operator
Power-truck operator (other than forklift)
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
guards who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash,
and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal
fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services;
and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize
in window washing are excluded.

Available On Request
The follow in g a r e a s a re su rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r u se in ad m in iste r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tract
a vaila b le at no c o s t f r o m any of the B L S reg io n a l o ffic e s shown on the b ack c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u er q u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and T aw as C ity , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u ge, L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m on t—P o rt A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i—G u lfp ort and P a sc a g o u la , M i s s .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t, N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n sw ic k , G a.
B u r lin g to n , V t.—N. Y.
C ap e C od , M a s s .
C e d a r R a p id s, Iowa
C ham paign —Urbana—R antoul, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h a r lo tte —G a sto n ia , N .C .
C h e y en n e , W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in sv ille , Tenn.—K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s, G a.—A la .
C o lu m b u s, M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r, 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n.—W is .
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E ugene—S p rin g field , O r e g .
F a y e tt e v ille , N .C .
F itch b u rg —L e o m in s te r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith, A r k .—O k la.
F o r t W ayn e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e r s to w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W . V a .
G ad sd en and A n n isto n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Island —H a stin g s, N e b r.
G r e a t F a l ls , M ont.
G u a m , T e r r it o r y of
H a r r is b u r g —Lebanon , P a.
Huntington—A sh la n d , W . V a .—K y .—Ohio
K n o x v ille , T enn .
La C r o s s e , W is.
L aredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
Law ton, O k la.
L im a , Ohio
L ittle Rock—N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1 96 5 .

S u rve y r e s u lt s

a re p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w hich ,

w hile

su pp lies

la s t ,

a r e o r w ill

Logan sp ort—P e r u , Ind.
L orain —E ly r ia , Ohio
L ow e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l.
L yn ch b u rg, V a.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is .
M a n s fie ld , Ohio
M a r q u e tte , E sc a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r n -E d in b u rg and B r o w n sv ille —
H arlin gen —San B en ito , T e x .
M e d ford —K lam ath F a lls —G ran ts P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cean C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id so n , Tenn.
New B ern —J a c k so n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ic h , C onn .—R .I.
N orth D ak ota, State of
O r la n d o , F la .
O xnard—S im i V a lle y —V en tu ra , C a lif.
P an a m a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r sb u rg—M a r ie tta , W . V a .—Ohio
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P ine B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a te llo —Idaho F a l l s , Idaho
P o r tsm o u th , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u erto R ico
R e n o , N ev.
R ich land —K enn ew ick —W a lla W a lla —
P en d leton , W a sh .—O r e g .
R iv e r sid e—San B ern a rd in o —O n ta r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s.
S a lin a s—S ea sid e—M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S andusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm an —D e n iso n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, La.
Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak.
Spok an e, W a sh .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p rin gfield —C h ic o p ee—H o ly o k e , M a s s .—C onn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T am p a—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
Tu cson , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a lle jo —F a ir fie ld —N apa, C a lif .
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iowa
W e st T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a c c o u n ta n ts, a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c co u n ta n ts, a t to r n e y s , job a n a ly s t s , d ir e c to r s of p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a f t e r s ,
O r d e r a s B L S B u lletin 1 8 9 1 , N ation al Survey o f P r o f e s s io n a l. A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .3 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S re g io n a l s
c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
o ffic e s shown on the back co v e r , o r fr o m the Superin tenden t of D o c u m e n ts, U .S . G ove rn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W a sh in gton , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor is available on request, Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown
on the back cover or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402
Area
A k r o n , O hi o, D e c . 19 75___________________________________________________
Al ban y—Sc henec tady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1 9 7 5 1________________________
An a h e im —Santa A n a - G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1____________
A tla nt a, G a . ,
M ay
1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
A u s ti n , T e x . ,
Dec.
1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J uly 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________
Bi ng ha mt o n, N . Y . —P a . , Ju ly 1 9 7 6 1_____________________________________
B irm ingham , A la ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1
__________________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1976!________________________________________________
Bu ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t .
1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________
Can ton, O hi o,
May
1 9 7 6 _______________ _______ _________________
Chatt an oog a, T e n n ^ G a . , Sept. 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________
Ci nc in n ati , Ohio— y . —Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________
K
C l e v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O hio, O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 6________________________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________
D av en po rt — o c k Island—M o l i n e , I o w a - I l l . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 ______________
R
Day ton, O hi o, D e c . 19 75 __________________________________________________
Day ton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________ ____________
De nv e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________
D e tr o it , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 1
_______________________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e - H o l l y w o o d and W e s t P a l m Bea ch—
B o c a Rato n, F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o - W i n s t o n - S a l e m —High Po in t, N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 6 ________
G r e e n v i l l e —Sp ar tan bu rg , S . C . , June 1976 1___________________________
H a r t f o r d , C o nn ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________
Hou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________
H u n ts v i ll e , A l a . , F e b . 1 97 6 ______________________________________________
Indian ap olis, Ind., O c t . 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 19 76 ________________________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1975____________________________________________
K a n s a s C i ty , M o .—K a n s . , Sept. 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________
Lexing ton —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1___________________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L ong B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1975 1 _________________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind., N o v . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________
M e lb o u rn e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _______________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 19 75 ______________________________

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Bulletin number
and price*
1850-80,
1850-63,
1850-75,
1900-30,
1850-83,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-49,
1900-11,
1900-53,
1850-69,
1900-28,
1850-67,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1850-64,
1850-78,
1900-41,
1850-59,
1900-25,
1850-73,
1900-45,
1850-82,
1900-15,

4 5 cents
$ 1 .2 0
8 5 cents
8 5 cents
75 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
55 cen ts
85 cents
$ 1.05
75 cents
$ 1 .3 0
95 cents
55 cents
$ 1 .5 0
55 cents
4 5 ce nts
45 cents
75 cents
$ 1 .2 5

1900-20,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,
1900-47,
1900-36,
1 9 0 0 - 14,
1900-26,
1 9 0 0 - 17,
1850-66,
1900-8,
1850-81,
1850-55,
1850-84,
1850-86,
1850-79,
1850-54,
1850-85,

55 cents
55 cents
4 5 cents
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
95 cents
55 cents
4 5 cents
80 cents
7 5 cents
$ 1 .1 5
4 5 cents
65 cents
4 5 cents

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1 97 5___________________________________________________
M il w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________ _
M in n ea po li s —St. P au l, Minn.—W i s . , Jan. 19 76 _______________________
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k , N . Y . , June 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________
Ne w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________
Ne w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________
No rf o lk —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a ^ N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1_____
No rf o lk —V i r g i n i a Be a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p or t N ew s—
Ha mp to n, V a . —N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ______________________________________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
O k l a h o m a C it y, O k l a . , A u g . 19 76 _______________________________________
O m a h a , N e b r , —Iowa, O c t. 1975__________________________________________
P a t e r s o n —Cl ift on—P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 19 76 _________________________
Ph i la d e lp h ia , P a ^ - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a . , Jan . 1 9 7 6 1 _____________________________________________
P o r tl a n d , M a in e , N o v . 1975_________________________________________ ____
P o r tl a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n—N ew bu rgh , N . Y . , June 1 9 7 6____________ _
K
_
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w ic k —Pa w tu ck et , R . I . —M a s s . , June 1 97 6_________
R al e ig h—D u r h a m , N . C . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1 9 7 6_____________________________ _________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________
Sag inaw, M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________
Salt L ak e City—O gde n, Utah, N o v . 1 9 7 5 1_____________________________
San Ant on io , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 97 5_____________________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 __________________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 19 76_____________________________________________
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
South Bend , Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________
S ta m f o r d , C o n n ., M a y 1 9 7 6 * ____________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 9 7 6_______________________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , M a y 1976__________________________________________
T re n to n , N . J . , Sept. 1 9 7 6________________________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , July 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________
W as h in gt o n , D . C . —Md .—V a . , M a r . 1976________________________________
W e s t c h e s t e r Cou nty, N . Y . , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________

Bulletin number
and price*
1850-76,
1900-22,
1900-3,
1900-35,
1 9 0 0 - 10,
1900-2,
1900-48,
1900-27,

95 cents
8 5 cents
95 cents
85 ce nts
8 5 cents
75 cen ts
$ 1 .0 5
85 cents

1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1850-56,
1900-38,
1850-65,
1 9 0 0 - 1,
1850-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,
1900-31,
1 9 0 0 - 18,
1900-34,
19 0 0 - 19,
1850-87,
1850-71,
1850-74,
1900-23,
1850-77,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1 9 0 0 - 6,
1 9 0 0 - 5,
1900-40,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1850-48,
1 9 0 0 - 12,
1900-46,
1900-21,
1 9 0 0 - 16,
1900-4,

85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
$ 1 .1 0
55 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .1 5
4 5 cents
75 cents
4 5 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cen ts
65 cents
$ 1 .2 5
4 5 cents
35 cents
7 5 cents
65 cents
4 5 cents
95 cents
7 5 cents
65 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 ce nts
80 cents
8 5 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102