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A.

o/ /

Area
Wage
Survey

„

Toledo, Ohio—Michigan,
Metropol itan Area, May 1977

Bulletin 1950-18




Wood

Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a y 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s in the T o l e d o , O hio, Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
The
s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It w a s condu cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o ,
111., u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o i s L . O r r , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m ­
m is s io n e r fo r O p eration s.
T h e s u r v e y cou ld not h a ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d
w ith out the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data
p r o v i d e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b u lle tin . T h e B u r e a u
w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
sin cere
ap preciation fo r t h e coo peratio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith out p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e cred it




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

Labor

S t a ti s ti c s

and

cite

the

na m e

and

number

of

this

Note:
A v a i l a b l e f o r the T o l e d o a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r
b uild ing t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e copies of
th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b ac k c o v e r
fo r add resses.)

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Toledo, Ohio—Michigan,
Metropol itan Area, May 1 9 7 7
Contents

Page

July 1977
Bulletin 1950-18
Tables:
A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A - l . Weekly earnings of office
workers-------------------------------------A-2. Weekly earnings of profes­
sional and technical workers------A-3, Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by sex---------A-4. Hourly earnings of mainte­
nance, toolroom, and
powerplant workers-------------------A-5. Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial
workers-------------------------------------A-6. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material move­
ment, and custodial workers,
by sex---------------------------------------A-l.
Percent increases in average
hourly earnings adjusted for
employment shifts for se­
lected occupational groups----------

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.




3
6
7
9
10

12

1
3

Scope and method of survey---------- 14
Occupational descriptions------------- 17

Introduction
This area is 1 of 74 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau
of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related
benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational
earnings data (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is
obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and
regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for
all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (l)th e level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The
program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including
wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act
of 1965.




A-series tables
Tables A - 1 through A - 6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A-8 through A - 13 provide similar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or more.
Table A-7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings
of office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled
maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers
employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to
warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage
trends after elinimation of changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A.
Appendixes
Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area
wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey.
Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field econo­
mists to classify workers by occupation.

A . E a rn in g s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1977
Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
N

L
of
workers

r * --------- 1 ----------

Average
weekly
(standard)

90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

S

S

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

I ----------

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

100

O ccupation and in d u stry div isio n

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

50
19

86

115

185

119

129

102

62

25

23

6

5

2

75

140
107

137

49

92

122

98

53

A0

33

28

27

7

4

9

25
-

23
-

6
•

5
-

2

37

100
37

157

31

-

6

2

2

2

1

10

18

5

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

and
under

ALL

SEC RETARIES

WOR KER S

--------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 8 1

3 9 .5

$
21 1.50

$
202.50

$
$
1 7 9.00 -2 4 3.00

28

32

3 9 .5

222.00

1 8 6.00 -2 5 5.00

-

-

12

316

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

179.59

214.00
174.53

9
-

24

965

2
-

-

---------------------------------------- --------

1 5 7.00 -1 9 6.50

2

-

9

24

16

20
12

193.00

2 05.09

1 5 4.00 -2 3 2.50

2

-

2

8

2

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

NONM ANUFACTURING
PU8LIC

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

63

------------------ -------------

146
123

3 9 .0

2 52.00

238.53

2 1 3.00 -2 8 8.50

-

•

•

2

15

A

26

26

14

15

16

9

12

4

2

1

3 9 .0

2 54.50

243.50

2 1 3.50 -2 9 3.00

*

-

-

-

*

-

*

*

1

10

A

25

19

14

14

8

9

12

4

2

1

--------------------------------

340

3 9 .0

217.50

210.00

1 8 5 .00 -2 5 3.00

-

•

.

4

•

16

14

38

A8

38

37

28

27

6

6

2

-

-

-

-

•

15

5

22
9

A3

------------------------------------------------

10
-

32

28

42

28

35

27

27

6

6

2

•

-

-

10

4

-

1

9

13

11

10

6

10

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

UT ILIT IE S

SEC R E TAR IES.

CLASS

A

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------- — ------------SEC R E TAR IES,

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

B

263

3 9 .0

228.50

221.00

1 9 1.50 -2 6 5.00

----------------------------- ----------

77

3 9 .0

180.00

186.00

1 6 4 .50 -1 9 2.00

--------------------------------

471

------------------------------------------------

389

NONM ANUFACTURING

-

1
1

3 9 .5

2 06.50

198.00

1 7 9 .00 -2 3 5.50

•

•

5

40

57

55

66

74

9

-

14

1

33

A8

A8

52

60

62
58

11

-

36
31

22

-

1
-

16

1 8 0.50 -2 4 1.00

6
-

6

199.50

20

10

9

2
2

•

3
3

-

82

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 11.00

----------------------------------------

186.00

184.09

1 6 5,00 -2 0 7.50

-

6

1

6

2

4

7

9

7

1A

14

5

4

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

322

3 9 .5

194.00

1 5 8 .50 -2 2 0.00

-

13
-

18

16

29

31

3A

27

28

37

19

16

37

8

1

3

214.50

186.03
215.50

8
•

1
•

3
•

•

-

167.09

37
-

-

165.00
167.53

-

•

-

154.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

185.50

174.5t)

33
17

14

s e c r e t a r ie s

,

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING

NONM ANUFACTURING

190
132

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

----------------------------------

34

3 9 .0

--------------------------------------------------------

713

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

----------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

PUB LIC

U T ILIT IE S

STENOGRAPHERS

M ANUFACTURING

-

3-

12

6

3

11

17

1 4 9 .00 -1 8 7.00

2

-

3

13

6

10

26

20

17

1 2 7.53 -2 1 0.00

2

-

2

8

2

-

4

1 6 3 .50 -2 0 1.50

-

4

4

24

33

19

40
31

172.50

1 6 3.50 -1 9 4.50

-

-

3

4

3 9 .5

195.50

180.00

-

1

-

4 0 .0

236.09

237.09

1 7 3 .50 -2 3 7.00
2 2 9.00 -2 6 4.50

-

S3

3 9 .u

192.00

17 A .5 3

GENERAL

------- -- ----------------

566

210
126

-

4

.

26

18 0
166

5

9

7

1A

-

*

10
7

17
12

21
14

•

1

-

3

5

7

-

-

-

“

-

.

•

-

4

14

23

1 6 3 .50 -1 9 0.00

-

-

-

1 8 1 .00 -2 3 7.00

*

-

-

“

12
2

84

3 9.0
3 9 .5

188.59

17 A . S o
1 7 A .5 3

1 6 3 .53 -2 2 8.00
1 5 8.03 -2 3 7.50
1 7 1.50 -1 9 7.50

26

4 0 .0

231.50

26A .5 0

1 9 2.50 -2 6 8.00

-----------------------------

503

3 9.0

173.50

1 6 3.50 -1 9 6.00

------------------------------------------------

440
63

3 9 .0

183.00
179.53

172.53

4 0 .0

2 05.00

207.03

----------------

36

4 0 ,0

161.00

1 4 9.0)

1 4 7 .00 -1 6 4.00

-

-

-

-

3

19

T Y P I S T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------. M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------—

342

3 9 .)

154.00

136.03

123.0 3 -1 7 8 .5 0

15
-

59

61

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------- -- -------

NONM ANUFACTURING
PU B LIC

----------------------------------------

UTILIT IE S

STENOGRAPHERS,
M ANUFACTURING

SEN IOR

NONM ANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------

T R A N S C R I B I N G - M A C h I imE

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

-

3

-

14

15

5

1

-

7

5

1

133

A2

70
62

16

99

70
55

3A

15

26

A4

21

11
7

9

8

A

6

50
22
28

2

24

13
8

5
3

33

13

-

-

-

•

•

16

1

-

-

-

-

-

*

16

1

-

-

-

-

-

15

13

24

7

16
-

10
3A

5

2

13
-

10
14

7
-

-

A

11
4

-

5

-

.

“

6

-

A

2

-

-

14

-

-

-

12

15A

89

59

29

65

35

19

12

1A5

89

A8

25

59

4

*

9

*

11

A

6

11
24

-

7

-

3

2

-

15

6

9

1A

6

21

-

.

-

•

-

-

—

-

-

-

3
3

9

7

7

6

-

.

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

3 9 .5

179.00

171.53

1 3 5.50 -2 2 0.50

18

25

40
19

6

5

8

18

182

3 9 .0

132.50

1 2 A .5 0

1 1 8.00 -1 3 9.00

2

15

41

44

36

21

9

1

1

10
A

A

----------------------------------------

2

3

-

-------------------------------------------

115

3 9 .5

162.00

1 3 A .5 3

1 2 0 .00 -2 0 5,50

_

-

29

6

9

2

2

1

1

5

3

17

6

------------------------------------------------

12
-

14

6

3

-

A

8

29

9

26
3

6
6

•

•

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

43

3 9 .5

201.50

213.00

1 5 2 .50 -2 5 4.50

-

-

9

2

4

1

2

1

1

5

3

----------------------------------------

67

3 9 .5

133.50

1 2 A .0 3

1 1 8.00 -1 3 8.00

*

-

20

22

12

4

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-------------------------------------------

227

3 9 .0

150.53

136.09

1 2 3.09 -1 7 4.50

28

49

34

6

A

7

13

5

16

6

12

1 3 5 .00 -2 0 6.50

15
-

30

147.00
127.59

2
-

9

6

25

17

2

A

6

9

3

13

6

12

.

114.50 -1 4 0.00

2

15

21

22

24

17

4

“

1

A

2

3

-

-

-

125.00
124.53

1 1 0 .50 -1 5 0.00

5

30

33

36

14

5

14

6

_

3

1

14

1 1 0 .5 .9 -1 3 4 .0 0

5

30

28

33

14

3

13

5

-

1

-

14

----------------------------------------

112

3 9 .5

169.00

115

3 8 .5

132.03

165

----------------------------------------

CLERKS

NONM ANUFACTURING

9

22
-

---------- — --------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
FILE

-

30
7

1

50
6

NONM ANUFACTURING
TYPISTS,

t y p i s t s

1 9 A .50

16
12

2
-

NONM ANUFACTURING
TYPISTS,

----------------------------------

17
10

2

”

183.00

147

----------------------------------

UTILIT IE S

STENOGRAPHERS,

1 7 7.00 -2 6 1.00

2
-

----------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
PUB LIC

C

3 9 .5

134.50

146

3 9 .5

131.00

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

-

-

-

-

_

4
-

•
-

-

-

_
-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

A v erage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

90

100

ALL

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

2*0

260

280

300

320

3*0

360

38o

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

2*0

260

280

300

320

3*0

360

380

*00

13

19

13

19

and
under

W ORKER S*

CONTIN UED

FILE

CLERKS

FILE

-

CO NTIN UED

CLERKS,

FILE

CLERKS,

124.50

1 1 5 .0 0 -

134.00

129.00

124.50

1 1 1.00 -

131.50

62

3 9 .5

1 0 9 .50 -1 3 0.00

2
2

2
0

17

3 9 .5

123.00
123.00

118.50

73

118.50

1 0 6 .0 0 -

22

15

14

109

3 9 .0

135.50

13

29

39

3 9 .0

142.00

121.00122.00

1 1 4 .0 0 -■14 7 .5 0

C
-------

M E S S E N G E R S -------------------M ANUFACTURING —
NONM ANUFACTURING

137.50

3 9 ,0

70
62

0

CLASS

NONM ANUFACTURING

8
8

3 9 ,5

— -

CLASS

NONM ANUFACTURING

—

130.00

1 1 5 .0 0 -■15 6 .5 0

8
8
6
6

13

1
1

4

7

13

3

4

1

3

25

18

3

1
1

132.03

119.50

1 0 5 .0 3 -■14 0 .0 0

126
48

3 9 .5

151.50

1
2

1
2

179.50

1 0 8 .0 0 -■17 2 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -■20 3 .0 0

26

3 9 .5

140.50
166.50

78

3 9 .3

134.00

115.00

98 .5 0-•150 .0 0

26

1
2

1
2

198

3 9 .5

152.50

142.00

1 3 1 . 0C- - 1 6 0 . 0 0

4

16

107

3 9 .5

161.00

148.00

1 35.50--1 7 5 .0 0

91

3 9 .0

143.00

137.00

1 2 0 . CO-

O R D E R C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

286
183

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

163.00
184.50

148.50
178.50

1 2 4 . 00-■ 1 9 2 .0 0
1 4 8.50 -■2 0 7 .0 0

NONM ANUFACTURING

103

4 0 .0

1 ,1 0 8

4 0 .0

180.50

165.00

1 4 4 . QO- ■ 2 0 0 . 5 0

567

4 0 .0

2 06.50

194.00

1 6 4 . 00-■ 2 5 3 .0 0

541

153.50

148.50

136.00--1 6 5 .0 0

57

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

214.00

217.50

1 8 6.50 -■2 3 2 .5 0

464

4 0 .0

208.50

192.00

1

19

---------------------

315

4 0 .0

224.50

2 07.00

1 6 0 .0 0 -■26 1 .5 0
1 7 3 .0 0 -■27 7 .5 0

------------

149

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

174.00

156.50

1 5 0 . CO -■ 1 9 1 . 0 0

1

9

240.50

2 53.50

MANUFACTURING

•—

--------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
SW ITCH BOARD

O PE R A TO R -R E C E PTIO N ISTS-

M ANUFACTURING

---------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

ACCOUNTIN G

CLERKS

M ANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

----------------------------

U T ILIT IF S

ACCOUNTING

CLERKS,

M ANUFACTURING

NONM ANUFACTURING
PU B LIC

CLASS

CLERKS,

M ANUFACTURING

27

M ANUFACTURING

B

—

6
1
0

16

29

1
6

23

18

1
8

6

2
23

15

52

2
0

1
2

30
5

53

1
0

152
25

25

43

127

160.50

154.09
176.00

145.50

140.00

1 3 6 .0 0 -•161 .0 0

30

3 9 .5

190.00

191.00

168.50-

153.00-

■2
11.00
•200.00

1
8

1
0
2

a
5
40
30

1
0

31
18

5

4

8
6
2

1
0
1
0
15
9

23

2
2

--------------------- —
—

13

3

9

40

45

23

23

53

49

30

39

14

1

6

31

67

39

1
0
2
1

16

37

51

2

1

2
0
1
2
8

8
0

6
6

24

39

56

27

1
0

1

2
1

3

1

7

13

16

3

1

27

1

5

5

158.50

140.00

6

1 3 8.00 -1 6 0.00

8

13

1 3 0.00 -1 6 3.00
1 4 4.50 -1 6 5.00
1 3 8 .03 -1 7 0.00
1 3 3 .00 -1 7 0.00

8

See footnotes at end of tables.




2

9

1

1

1 3 0 .0 0 -■138.00

170.00

9

2
1
6

14

1 3 0 .0 0 -•161 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -■167.00

157.50

3

43

35

34

136.00

180.00

63
54

49

42

13

64

51

58

1
1
6

161.00

176.00

45

28

8
6

61

34

140.00

3 9 .0

41

119

34
85

50

139.00

3 9 .0

79

119

71

79
29

162.50

161.00

1
2
1
2

15

153.00

136.00

25

118

1
0

3 8 .5

159.00

1
0
1
0

39

no

4

1

25

12
12

1

42

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

149.50

13

1

4

5
5

16
16

5

1

5

2
0

39

3 9 .0

13

6

1
0
6

1

2
2

52
18

57

3 9 .5

1

2
1

4

133

13

96

3

52

25

1 3 6 .0 0 -■17 5 .5 0

183.50

2

4

3

2
1
0
6

13

40

221.0 -■ 2 7 0 . 0 0
0

3 9 .5

16

5

1
1
6

OPERATORS,

-------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

4

42
27

3

OPERATORS,

------------------------------

B ILLE R S

110.00-■ 1 2 6 . 0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

---------------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING
MACHINE

------- — -------------

--------------------------------

BO O K K EEPING-M ACH INE

123.50

392

B

OPERATORS

BO O K K EEPING-M ACH INE

124.00

-160.00

252

CLASS

-----------------------------------------

NO NM ANU FACTURING

CLASS

644

—

U T ILIT IE S

BO O K K EEPING-M ACH INE

A

-------

------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

CLASS

A

U T ILIT IE S

ACCOUNTING

PUBLIC

------------

6

1
2

1
1

3 9 .0

OPERATORS

13

1
2
6
6

1
2

70

SWITCHBOARD

14

14
14

24
13

6
6
13

6
2

34

2
0

47

2

44

47

9

3

9

2

9

3

9

2

27

18
14

7

4

2
2
2
2

1
0
10

T ab le A-1. W e e k ly earnings of office w o rke rs in Toledo, O hio—M ic h ., M a y 1977— Continued
W ee k ly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
~S

A v e rage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

S

90

s

s

s

s

s

I

I

I

t

s

S

T

s

$

s

$

s

s

s

100

110

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

34 q

360

380

lip

12Q

130

140

ISO

16Q

170

180

190

200

220

24p

26Q

280

300

320

340

360

38Q

4QQ

10
10

and
under

M edian 2

100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
MACHINE BILLERS -

CONTINUED
33
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

186.00
193.00

170 .00
170.00

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------MANUFACTURING-------- NONMANUFACTURING ----

196

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

181.50
191.50
165.50

165.00 1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0
2 4 9 .0 0
168.50 1 4 9 .5 0 189.50
157.-50 1 3 3 .5 0 -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS-----MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -

413
260
153
33

3 9 .5 177.00 164.50 1 3 8 .0 0 3 9 .5 184.50 172.00 1 5 1 .0 0 3 9 .5 164.50 142.50 1 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 230 .0 0 2 2 1 . 0 0 2 2 0 .0 0 -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------- -------- ---NONMANUFACTURING ------------—

177
125
52

3 9 .5 198.50
3 9 .5 208 .5 0
3 9 .5 175.00

183.00
195.00
138.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------- -

236
135

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

151.50
156.50
142.50

1 3 7 .0 0 172.50
1 4 4 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 183.00

3
3

1 6 1 .0 0 261 .50
1 7 3 .0 0 261 .50
1 3 7 .5 0 -2 3 4 .5 0

BILLING-MACHINE BILLERS
NONMANUFACTURING ---------

121
75

101

161.00
162.50
159.00

1 4 1 .0 0 *1 7 0 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0 *2 5 2 .5 0

207 .0 0
213 .0 0
190.00
261 .50

2
2

5
5

-

7

2
2

-

-

-

-

6
6

1

2

-

-

2

12
12
-

-

1

7

23
9
14

14
10
4

26
15
11

20
18
2

3
3

25
7
18

10
6
4

16
11
5

2
2
-

10
7
3

7
6
1

16
16
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

10
9
1
-

35
9
26
-

61
20
41
-

40
20
20
-

46
38
8
2

39
32
7
2

38
33
5
-

24
20
4
-

7
5
2
2

22
12
10
2

22
11
11
9

10
10
-

54
38
16
16

1
1
•
-

2
2
-

i

12
8
4

3

22

3

6
4
2

16
13
3

22
21
1

13
13
“

4
4
“

12
12
-

12
8
4

9
9
-

43
31
12

•

i

2
2
-

9
9
-

23
1
22

39
20
19

37
20
17

40
34
6

23
19
4

16
12
4

11
7
4

3
1
2

10

10
3
7

1
1
-

11
7
4

_

2
-

2

See footnotes at end of tables.




5
1

5

22
-

-

10

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

*

-

Table A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w o rkers in Toledo, O h io —M ic h ., M a y 1977
W eek ly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
wockeis

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earning s of—

S

S
M ea n 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

1

’
440

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

13()

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

36fl

380

400

420

440 over

2

3

2

2

17
11
6

19
17
2

16
14
2

25
22
3

30
24
6

19
19
*

23
21
2

8
8
*

11
11
"

6
6
—

4
4

no

6
4

6
5

10
8

13
8

12
12

20
18

8
8

11
11

6
6

and
under
120

and

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) ----------------- ------

MANUFACTURING ------- -----

14
5

NONMANUFACTURING ---------

28

$
$
$
$
39.0 3 44 .00 3 45 .00 3 0 2 .5 0 -3 8 4 .0 0
39.0 3 53 .00 3 52 .50 3 1 6 .5 0 -3 8 9 .0 0
39.5 2 94 .50 2 87 .50 2 6 3 .0 0 -3 4 5 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ), CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------

96
84

39.5 371 .50
3 9 . 5 376.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ), CLASS R — —
MANUFACTURING ------------ -----

72
57

3 9.0 3 17 .50 3 22 .00 2 8 7 .0 0 -3 5 4 .0 0
39.0 3 31 .00 3 35 .50 3 0 5 .0 0 -3 5 6 .5 0

-

-

-

*

-

*

*

2
*

2
-

2
-

9
3

11
11

7
6

13
12

16
15

7
7

3
3

m

•

-

*

-

149
106
43

3 9 . 5 2 68 .50 2 67 .00 2 4 1 .5 0 -2 9 3 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 62 .00 2 7 8 .5 0 2 4 7 .5 0 -3 0 9 .0 0
39.5 2 34 ,50 2 38 .00 1 9 2 .5 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

*

•
*

-

*

*

•
•
*

8
8

5
5

14
8
6

3
3

41
32
9

17
14
3

30
22
8

12
12
*

7
6
1

9
9
•

1
1
•

•
*

•
*

1
1
*

1
1
*

65

3 9.5 277 .00

2 59 .50 2 4 6 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

30

7

14

1

4

4

-

-

-

1

1

69
53

39.0 267 .0 0 269 .00 2 1 8 .5 0 -3 0 3 .5 0
3 9.5 283 .5 0 2 88 .00 2 5 5 .5 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

*

-

-

*

*

-

2
*

5
*

12
8

2
-

9
7

6
6

14
13

10
10

3
3

5
5

1
1

*

*

*

*

2

14
14

4

21
7
14

37
30
7

35
25
10

15
10
5

24
20
4

14
11
3

14
12
2

11
8
3

•
*

1
1
-

*

2
2
“

-

2

6
3
3

•
•
*

-

•
-

“

1
1

•
-

10
4
6

24
20
4

11
8
3

9
6
3

10
7
3

13
10
3

6
6
*

11
8
3

_
*

•
-

-

-

•
-

_
•
*

*

-

“

3
3

11
3
8

9

6
3

24
17
7

6
4
2

14
13
1

1
1
*

8
6
2

*

_
*

1
1
-

*

2
2
*

-

*

.
*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
MANUFACTURING ------------ -----------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------

182

3 74 .00
3 84 .50

3
1
3

3 3 8 .0 0 -4 0 6 .0 0
3 4 0 .0 0 -4 1 4 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ),

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ),
MANUFACTURING ------ ----- ----------------COMPUTER OPERATORS --------MANUFACTURING -----------nonm anufacturing

——

204
131
73

.

3 9.5 216 .50 2 10 .00
39.5 231 .00 218 .5 0
3 9 . 5 191.00 178.50

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 5 3 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0 -2 6 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -2 1 4 .5 0

•

4
4
-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ~
MANUFACTURING----------------------- NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

95
69
26

39.5 230 .00
4 0 . 0 233 .00
39.0 221 .00

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 6 8 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0 -2 7 0 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

_
*

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

84
53
31

39.5 220 .50 2 13 .50 1 9 1 .5 0 -2 5 3 .5 0
39.5 238.00 222 .50 2 0 7 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
3 9 . 5 191.00 173.50 1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0

.

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C

25

3 9 . 5 154.00

223 .50
2 28 .00
2 12 .00

149.50

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

2

_

2

*

_
-

*

5
5

-

4

2

9

3

3

-

4

~

-

1
1

3
3
-

9
-

7
4
3
*

8
4
4
4

21
16
5
-

29
20
9
4

35
24
11
1

119
110
9
3

59
31
28
19

61
42
19
*

66
51
15
4

42
30
12
*

52
31
21
7

8
3
5
2

13
10
3
-

5
4
1
*

15
15
-

3
3
*

7
7
*

•
■—
*

*

*

•

*

17
8

12
10

30
21

40
30

5
2

3
2

15
15

3
3

7
7

-

-

4
1

5

*

•

21
12

105

46
37

9

12
1

1
1

8
8

2
2

.

-

.

-

99

33
27

44

*

4
4

-

-

*

—

563
405
158
44

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

2 46 .00
2 50 .00
2 3 6 .0 0
232 .00

2 34 ,00 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 8 0 .5 0
2 34 .00 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 8 0 .0 0
2 34 .00 1 9 2 .0 0 -2 8 7 .5 0
2 24 .00 2 1 3 .5 0 -2 6 2 .0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------

141
99

40.0
40.0

313.50
322.50

303 .50 2 8 1 .0 0 -3 2 2 .0 0
3 08 .00 2 8 7 .0 0 -3 7 9 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

285
231

40.0 240 .0 0 2 26 .50 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 6 3 .0 0
40.0 237 .5 0 221 .00 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

•

-

-

*

-

"

*

DRAFTERS, CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING ---------

112
64

40.0
40.0

183.00 1 6 5 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
179.50 1 6 8 .5 0 -2 0 8 .5 0

•

8

-

*

19
14

21
16

11

“

7
4

-

*

9

13
11

20
1

153.00

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

1

3

1

-

8

2

4

3

1

2

4 0 . 0 2 6 0 .5 0 265 .0 0
4 0 . 0 2 61 .00 265 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0 -2 9 6 .0 0
2 2 2 .0 0 -2 9 6 .0 0

•

.

.

_

•

-

8
7

7
7

16
16

MANUFACTURING -------------------nonm anufacturing

-------------

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------

3 9 . 5 163.50

DRAFTER-TRACERS
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
MANUFACTURING -------------------

195.00
195.50

74
72

9

*

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

-

34

6

*

•

8

.

•

*

2
2

•

4

3
3

•

*

-

-

-

-

*

-

4
4

11
11

11
11

11
10

3
3

2
2

1
1

_

-

-

-

•

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1977
A verage
(m e a n 2 )

(m e a n ^ )

Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN

-

$

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivision

A v L v U n 1 i Nvj

vLLKIS j f

^2*2

W eekly
hours1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
IK A riJ V < ''lu »'* v

64
54

Number
of
workers

' i f l v i 11 [ it.

(m e a n ^ )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS CONTINUED

JO

1 T r l b 1w

340

209 .50
227 .00

153.50
178.00
13c_. j 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A

'0 0

I.LA j J

I Tr l b 1

u LflJJ

tJ

"

S

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

WOMEN
39 5
GERr

1D J .j U

, rtr.

77
J u t H b 1A H i t i f

LLAjj

L

b t C r * 1 1 AM 1 1 j f

LLAbS

39*0

180.00

«

r-

88
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

m*

0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
189

4 0 .0

713

39*0

185.50

126
84

39.0
3 9 .5

345.50
354 .00
301 .00

2 14 .00

194 .50
188.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
b 1 t N O v K A r 1I L K J
H A n U r A C 1U “ l r i w

J"

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A

--------- —

370.50
375 .50

"

619

3 9 .5

159.50

60

39.0 318 .50

30

3 9 .5

145.50
190.00

112

39.5 270 .50
3 9.5 284 .00

153.00

J A

r\*

n A N U r Av> 1 U n * N v

■■

183 .00
179 .50
281 .50

See footnotes at end of tables.




7

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1977— Continued
A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )

(m e a n ^ )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

W eekly
hours
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

(BUSINESS)

W eek ly
hours1
(standard)

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

-

t/K M
r

♦

vL A Jj J

1 ®
3

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

2 49 .50

37

39 .0 2 62 .50

_ . _____
313*50
U L C 1J v

®*

3 9 .5 226^50

64

1Uf \

4 0 .0

,

*98

W eekly
hours1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
525

ORAFTCRS

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

2 2 8 .0 0

231

cJf

•j U

^ j O. OO

CCJ*ou

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




8

Table A -4 .

Hourly earnings o f m aintenance, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w o rkers in Toledo, O h io —M ic h ., M a y 1977
Hourly earnings *

Nu m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings o f—

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

Under

S
1
*
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0
,
and
5 .4 0 5 .6 o

5 .8 0 6 .Q0 6.2 0

6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0

7. 00 7 .2 0 7 .4 0

1
S
*
S
S
S
S
8 .0 0 8.2 0 8 . 40 8.6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0

7.6Q 7 • SQ 8 .0 0 8 .2 0

e
*
C
O

®
under
5.0 0
5 .2 0

S
s
S
S
S
S
s
S
S
S
S
S
5 .6 0 5 • 80 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 . 80 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0

.la 60 8»80 9 t 00 9 .4 0

9 .8 0

ALL WORKERS
38

$
7 .1 2

$
6 .7 7

$
$
6 »6 6 < 7 .6 9
*

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS
MANUFACTURING — —

567
545

7 .7 7
7 .7 8

7 .9 8
7 .9 8

7 .1 5 - 8 .7 8
7 .1 5 - 8 .7 8

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------

66
63

7.2 1
7 .2 0

6 .8 2
6 .8 2

6 .6 1 - 8 .0 6
6 .4 2 - 8 .0 1

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS

*

*

-

*

3

6

17

-

_

6
6

6
6

45
45

6
6

•
-

4
2

4
4

30
30

2
2

6
6

.

-

8
8

5
3

14
14

_

29
26

12
12

2
2

*

*

•

•

13
13

1
-

*

*

3
3

6
6

•

52
52

156
155
1

49
49
•

•
*

3
3

1
1
*

174
28
146
146

-

*

-

18
18

121
120

.

_

-

-

*

*

*

4
4

4
4

49
49

•

_

-

*

*

*

*

132
132

38
38

21
21

151
151

-

_

2
2

*

~

*

*

*

*

*

9
9

32
32

55
55

6
6

17
17

11
11

49
49

14
14

*

*

6
6

27
27

48
48

7
7

9
9

353
353

56
56

53
53

120
120

174
174

37
37

.

22
22

5
5

6
6

-

12
12

6
6

•

.

*

12
12

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4
4

24
24
*

18
18
*

*

2
2
-

14
4
10
8

3
3

16
16

*

1
1

*

2
2

34
29

_

•

-

*

1
1

8
6

-

*
52
52

-

"

30
30

*

2
2

6
6

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER S
MANUFACTURING

220
214

7 .8 9
7.9 1

8 .6 0
8 .6 0

6 .9 3 - 8 .6 0
6 .9 3 - 8 .6 0

-

-

*

*

83
81

8 .1 0
8 .1 3

8.6 0
8 .6 0

7 .6 9 - 8 .6 0
7 .6 9 - 8.6 0

.

-

•

-

-

*

-

*

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------- —

649
649

7.6 2
7 .6 2

7 .8 8
7 .8 8

7 .1 4 - 8 .3 6
7 .1 4 - 8 .3 6

.

•

-

.

-

“

-

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS MANUFACTURING -

114
108

6 .3 3
6 .3 7

6 .9 0
6 .9 0

5 .9 4 - 6 .9 0
5 .9 4 - 6 .9 0

* 12
12

1
*

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING ---------

199
199

8 .1 5
8 .1 5

7 .9 7
7 .9 7

7 .9 7 - 8 .6 8
7 .9 7 - 8 .6 8

•

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS —
MANUFACTURING ---------

960
960

6 .2 3
8 .2 3

8 .1 9
8 .1 9

8 .0 3 - 8.8 0
8 .0 3 - 8 .8 0

STATIONARY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING -

102
98

7 .1 2
7.2 0

7 .1 4
7 .1 4

5 .9 0 - 7 .9 4
6 .7 2 - 7 .9 4
5 .6 2 - 8.1 1
5 .6 2 - 8.1 1

-

4
4

-

13
13

16
14

1
1

40
40

30
30
“

63
22
41

50
50
*

5
5

63
63
*

*

30
30
30

44
14
30
19

*

22
9
13
13

9
9
-

8
8

8
8

3
3

_

*

5
5

2
2

6
6

-

*

•

9
9

26
26

74
74

18
18

47
47

60
60

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

-

39
39

2
-

3
-

27
27

*

*

.

•

-

-

-

*

-

-

3
3

-

-

3
3

*

*

•

.

•

.

*

*

-

*

*

6
6

12
12

25
25

9
9

18
18

_

4
*

•

9
9

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

*

8
8

9
9

-

6
6

-

12
12

•

4
4

10
10

$5.

at end o f t a b le s .

9

-

-

*

.

12
12

-

“
2
2

-

.

3
3
“

7
7
-

_

-

10
4
6
6

*

*




1
1

19
19
-

-

7 .1 9 - 8 .7 0
6 .3 4 - 8 .2 9
7 .6 3 - 8 .7 0
7 .7 9 - 8 .7 0

and 6 at $ 4 .8 0 to

2
2

80
80
*

8 .1 8
6 .4 7
8 .7 0
8 .7 0

$ 4 .8 0 ;

7
7

24
24

7 .8 2
7.1 7
8 .1 6
8.3 0

6 at $ 4 .6 0 to

6
6

42
42
*

377
135
242
222

as f o llo w s :

-

-

1
1

27
27
—

66
66
"

*

d is tr ib u te d

•

66
48
18

48
48

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES)
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

W ork ers w ere

•

18
18
*

•
*

6 .5 5 - 8 .6 0
6 .5 5 - 8 .6 7
7 .1 6 - 7 .7 9

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

96
96

4
4
*

6
6
*

7 .4 7
7 .4 7
7 .7 9

*

*

73
73

66
62
4

14
14

7.4 1
7 .4 2
7 .3 0

6 .5 9
6 .5 9

-

24
22

*

9
9

918
825
93

6 .7 8
6 .7 8

4

19
16

-

6
6

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING -------- ---------- -------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- -----------

72
72

3

11
10

6
6

*

6 .8 9 - 8 .4 5
6 .8 1 - 8 .4 5

BOILER TENDERS ----MANUFACTURING -----

*

79
76

29
22

7 .1 7
7 .2 3

*

”

29
24

.
*

7 .3 5
7 .3 6

6
6

4

66
66

*

186
174

-

*

5
3

-

*
*

4
4

*

-

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS
MANUFACTURING — —

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

1
64
60

-

*

-

9
9

•

-

-

-

-

4
4

•

5
5

5
5

*

•

*

_

-

-

*

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in Toledo, O hio—M ic h ., M a y 1977
Hourly earnings

[Num ber of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs of—

4

S

Number

workers

1

1

1

S

Mean 2

M edian 2

M idd le range 2

S

S

S

S

3.6 0

3.8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 20 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 5 .0 0 5 .4 0 5 .8 0 6 .2 0 6 «6 0

s

S

S

s

I

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

*

s

0

f

S

I

1

5

7 .0 0 7.4 0 7 .8 0 8 .2 0 8 ,6 c

and
under

2 .4 0 2,6Q 2 .8 0

3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3.6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 ■5.00 5 ,4 0

6 .2 0 6 .6 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0 7 ,6 0 8 .2 0 8.6Q 9 ,0 0

s .8 o

ALL WORKERS
1,6 66
472
1,1 94
727

$
7.2 0
6 .5 7
7 .4 5
8 .0 8

$
7 .5 6
6 .6 1
7 .5 6
8.6 0

$
6 .5 3 5 .7 2 7 .2 3 7 .5 6 -

67
47

5 .5 8
6 .2 8

6 .1 3
6 .9 9

278
88
190

6 .3 2
6 .7 5
6 .1 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(TR A ILE R ) — ---MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----

1,1 04
185
919
699

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER)
MANUFACTURING -----------

TRUCKDRIVERS -----MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

$
7 .9 3
6 .9 9
8 .6 0
8.6 0

-

-

-

-

22

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

4 .5 2 - 6 .9 9
5 .2 9 - 6 .9 9

-

-

-

11

6 .3 4
6 .7 0
6 .1 4

5 .7 2 - 7 .2 3
6 .1 5 - 7 .6 4
5 .5 6 - 7 .2 3

.

.

_

•

11

-

*

*

*

*

11

7.7 0
6.4 7
7 .9 5
8 .1 5

7 .5 6
6 .7 5
7 .8 6
8.6 0

7 .3 8 5 .6 1 7 .5 6 7 .5 6 -

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

“

*

*

144
136

6.8 1
6 .7 5

6 .5 3
6 .5 3

6 .5 3 - 7 .9 3
6 .5 3 - 7 .9 3

56
52

5 .9 3
5 .9 6

5 .3 3
5 .3 3

5 .1 7 - 6 .6 3
5 .1 7 - 6 . 7 6

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ----

118
91
27

5 .3 9
5 .4 5
5 .1 6

5 .2 2
5 .2 2
5 .5 7

4 .7 5 - 6.3 1
4 .9 0 - 6.3 1
3 .9 4 - 6 .6 6

•
-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----

147
59
88

6 .2 2
6 .4 2
6 .0 8

6 .4 2
7 .0 7
6 .0 7

5 .0 6 - 7 .0 8
5 .1 7 - 7 .1 6
5 .0 6 - 7 .0 8

20

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK
MANUFACTURING -----—
TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G

---------

WAREHOUSEMENS
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURINGS
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

8 .6 0
6 .7 5
8 .6 0
8 .6 0

235

6 .2 6

6 .1 8

5 .6 0 -

44

5 .6 7

5.5 1

4 .7 9
5 .3 9
4 .5 7

5.0 0
5 .1 2

3 .9 5 - 5 .1 3
5 .0 9 - 5 .4 2

641
39

5 .8 5
5 .9 2
4 .6 6

6.4 1
6.8 0
5 .1 3

5 .0 2 - 7.0 0
5 .0 2 - 7.0 0
4 .1 5 - 5.2 1

MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -

1,222
719
503
371

6 .1 0
5.5 1
6 .9 5
8 .0 3

6 .0 0
5 .4 2
8 .5 5
8 .5 5

5 .1 2 5 .0 4 5 .2 1 7 .8 1 -

FORKLIFT OPERATORS -----MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING --------

1,891
1,531
360

5.9 2
5 .7 5
6 .6 4

5 .5 8
5.5 1
7 .0 8

5 .1 8 - 6 .9 8
5 .3 7 - 6.6 1
5 .5 3 - 7.2 3

-

6
6
-

16
6
10

61
37
24
2

6
6

2
2

—

-

100
75
25
-

65
6
59
1

9
7

*

14
4
10

22
22

-

•

-

-

5
5

*

10

*

*

-

-

4

10

-

4

-

-

•

_

-

-

*

*

*

•

*

-

-

*

*

•

18

-

_
*

•
-

-

.
*

•
-

-

*

"

ORDER FILLERS MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING
SHIPPING PACKERS ---MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING -------m a t e r ia l

h a n d l in g

laborers

7.0 0

-

-

6

-

7.8 1
6 .1 2
8 .5 5
8 .5 5

-

2
2

24
17
7

62
4
58

*

52
44
8
*
14

200
8
192
-

277
43
234
234

196
66
130
98

*

-

4
4

m

-

29
26

-

-

-

30
12
18

18
10
a

60
4
56

33
33
*

4
4
*

•
*

*

*

57
36
21
*

97
82
15
*

136
136
*

240
6
234
234

134
12
122
98

*

383
383
367

S4
54

-

-

-

58
50

-

-

6
6

5
5

•

-

*

*

2
2

1
1

_

2
2

3
3

2
2

9
9
“

6
2
4

4
4
*

*

*

_
*

-

*

*
-

-

-

-

-

*

7
7

-

383
383
367

*

•

4
*

•

*

31
31

3
2
1

18
17
1

23
23
-

4
4

5
5
*

19
18
1

13
5
8

3
2
1

3
3
-

1
1
-

.
*

•
-

*

5
5
*

52
12
40

*

9
9

9
9
*

•
*

72
33
39

•
*

•
•

*

.
*

-

-

84

30

12

9

94

-

-

-

-

4
-

•
-

-

10
-

•
-

10
10

20

19
18
1

680
1
1

5

9

19
19
-

9

-

-

“

-

-

15
15
-

24
24
-

•
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

9
-

12
12

See footnotes at end of tables.




161
119
42
16

14

”

*

145
106
39
9

*

-

—

20

18

1

9

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

175
9
166

258
81
177

60
60

_
-

3
3

23
23

•
-

•
-

•
-

•
-

•
-

-

131
104
27

48
48
-

14
14
-

26
26
-

48
48
-

284
284
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

91
83
8
8

233
177
56
13

46
42
4
4

213
204
9
9

74
70
4
4

54
44
10
-

1
1
-

8
8
-

74
74
74

255
255
255

•
-

156
156

452
445
7

238
88
150

32
32

294
294

177
175
2

347
217
130

•
-

-

64
64

-

5 .2 7 - 6 .2 4

702
182

4

18

-

-

10

9

20
-

114
6
108

-

1
1

63
63
-

36
36
-

4
4

“

-

20
20
-

12
9
3
-

16
12
4
4

9
9
-

36
36
-

4
4
-

102
102

_

-

10
10

7
7

20

5

9

-

-

_
-

-

.

-

-

“

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1977— Continued
Hourly

earnings 4

N um ber o f w o rk ers

Num Ul
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

r e c e iv in g

3
S
3
2.3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2.8 0

s

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

s tr a ig h t- tim e

S
S
$
3.0 0 3 .2 0 3.4 0

h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ---

$
3.6 0

3
3 ------ 3 ------ 3
I
3.8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0

s
S
S
i
$
S
5 .0 0 5 .4 0 5 .8 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0 7.0 0

i

$
S
3 ---7.4 0 7 . 80 8 .2 0 8 . 6 0

and
under

2.4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0

3.0 0

3.2 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0 4 .6 0

5 .0 0 5 .4 0

5 .8 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0 7.0 0

7.4 0

7.8 0 3 ,

8.6 0

9.0 0

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER

$

$

$

$

176

5 .5 4

5 .5 2

* • 8 3 - 5 .8 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52

9

45

51

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------- ------—

1 ,3 2 5

3 .3 7

2 .6 5

2 .4 0 - 3 .9 0

326

270

175

87

43

7

31

13

60

28

17

27

11

30

51

52

51

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1 .1 0 4

2 .8 8

2 .5 5

2 .3 3 - 2 .8 5

326

270

175

87

43

7

31

13

58

9

2

12

2

3

51

12

3

-

“

*

*

-

31
15
16

113
113

28
28

366

133
3
130

179
8
171

MANUFACTURING-------- -----------------------

GUARDSI
MANUFACTURING--------------------- -----—
JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

184

5 .9 7

6 .3 2

4 .7 5 - 6 .4 8

*

-

2 ,4 0 1
1 ,2 0 5
1 ,1 96
81

4 .6 1
5 .6 2
3 .5 9
5.1 1

4 .3 5
5 .9 4
3 .3 7
5 .3 2

3 .3 7 4 .7 2 3 .3 2 4 .3 6 -

5 .9 4
6 .5 8
3 .7 8
5 .8 7

11

94
94

11

11

-

-

-

-

3

37

2

4

-

-

-

-

2

19

5

15

9

*

*

40

48

3

96
17
79

41
14
27
8

143
86
57
15

47
27
20
4

174
165
9
3

178
151
27

45
36
9
9

337
323
14
14

84
62
22

296
296

10

See footnotes at end o f tables.




2

364

19

11

2

37

2

4

*

*

•

3
3
3

2
2

_

•
-

-

2

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, in Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1977
S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e , to o l r o o m ,
p q w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t io n s

N umber
of
workers

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

and

-

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

MEN

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

MATERIAL m ovem ent AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

38

66

7 .2 1
7 .2 0

$

1 »666

7 .1 2

A verage
m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

1 ,1 79

6 .1 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT TRUCK ---------------1 ,4 8 3

,

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
5 .6 0

7 .3 0
m a in t e n a n c e

m e c h a n ic s
Jt t

7 .8 2

222

8 .1 8
8 .3 0

220

214
MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS ------

83
&i

GUAROSt
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) --------------------------

144
136

6 .8 1
6 .7 5

7 .8 9
7.9 1
8 .1 0
0 .1 3
7 .6 2

111
105

4 .8 9

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

91
649
649

I f 745
NONMANUFACTURING

6 .3 7
6 .4 2

. , ->

6 .4 2
SH IPPING PACKERS —

—

— — — —

—

w a r eh o u s em en :

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM) -

199
199

8 .1 5
8 .1 5

CJJ

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

9C0
960

8 .2 3

102
98
72
72

176
m a n u f a c t u r in g

MANUFACTURING

-----------

— ----------- --------

■—

5 .6 3

7 .1 2
7 .2 0
6 .7 8
6 .7 8

40

29

4 .7 8 FORKLIFT OPERATORS —
5 • 45
121
6 .2 0 JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING
- -- - - - - - - - - - 4 .7 7

41

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




12

2 .7 9

656
) 36
4 .4 3

Table A -7. P ercent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
em plo ym ent shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Toledo, O hio—M ic h ., for selected periods

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
__ .
F .le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _
U n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s . _
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l
F le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
F le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

M a y 1975
to
M a y 1976

_ _
_
..............

____

6.6

1 1 .1

1 0 .2

7 .1

( 6)
6.2
5.5
7.6

_

A p r i l 1973
to
A p r i l 1974

4.7
_

( 6)
6.2
8.0
8.1

8.1

7 .5

7.1

1 2.7

1 1 .7

7 .7

1 1.1

1 0 .2

7 .8

1 0 .3

9 .5

8 .3

_ _

6.3
( 6)
6.2
8.1
8.6

4.7
....

4.5
( 6)
5.9
5.4
6.7

.......... _

_ _

A p r i l 1974 to M a y 1975

A p r i l 1972
to
A p r i l 1973

In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

(6)
(6)
9.1

13-m o n th
in c r e a s e

12-m o n th
in c r e a s e

M a y 1976
to
M a y 1977

6.8
7.5
7.3
8.9
7.9

8.1

7.5
8.1
7.3
8.9
8.0

8.7

7 .8

5.5

( 6)
( 6)
5.9

( 6)
(6)
8.6

(6)
(6)
7.6

1 1 .7

1 0.8

9 .4

13.2

8.6
11.8
10.8
12.1

7.3

9.5

( 6)
( 6)
7.3

( 6)
( 6)
10.6

1 2.8
1 1 .7

6 .9
7 .3
7 .8
7 .6

Footnotes1
2
1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p loy ees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at re gu la r and/or prem iu m ra te s ), and the earn in gs co rresp o n d
to these w eek ly hours.
2 Th e m ean is computed fo r each job by totalin g the earn in gs o f a ll w o rk e rs and divid ing by
the num ber o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m edian designates position — h alf o f the w o rk ers r e c e iv e the sam e or
m o re and h alf r e c e iv e the sam e o r less than the rate shown.
The m id d le range is defined by two
ra tes o f pay; a fourth o f the w o rk ers earn the sam e o r le s s than the lo w e r o f these ra tes and a
fourth ea rn the sam e o r m o re than the h igh er rate.




3 E arn in gs
establishm ent.
4

E x c lu d e s

data

re la te

p r e m iu m

pay

only to w o rk e rs
fo r

o v e r tim e

and

w hose
fo r

sex

w o rk

id en tifica tion
on

w eeken ds,

was

p r o v id e d

h o lid a y s ,

and

X a te

by

the

s h ifts .

5 E stim ates fo r p eriod s ending p r io r to 1976 re la te to m en only fo r skilled maintenance and
u nskilled plant w o r k e r s .
A ll oth er estim ates re la te to m en and women.
6 Data do not m eet publication c r it e r ia o r data not a va ila b le.

13

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In e a c h o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In each o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob tain ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th es e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
s cop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e le c tio n . T o ob ta in op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W hen data a r e co m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lus th r e e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch osen in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
su ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th at is s i m ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p a tion s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c ount o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r stu dy a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap p e n d ix B.

U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll. in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in the
sc o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e
e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e rtt in the occ u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e hot
p r e s e n te d w hen the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data
n o t shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one le v e l ,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
n ot shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is n o t a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le .
E a r n in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n bon u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bon u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u rs fo r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan dard
w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e occ u p a tio n s a r e
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is tr ib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l job s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be re p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C h an ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in tab le
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s chan ges fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s tr ie s
s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
Ohio; Birmingham, A la. ; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea c h jo b . P a y
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e p a y l e v e ls f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s should
n o t be a s s u m ed to r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid in cu m b en ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c l a s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .
i

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B ec a u se o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s d ata.

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d p lan t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

W a g e tre n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch an ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tre n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d b y
fa c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n der p lan s
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tto m o f the ra n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a chan ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h an ges r e la t e to w a g e c h a n ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s . W hen the tim e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a c on stan t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to com p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O r d e r c le r k s
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m

a r e com p u ted

1. A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c om p u ted f o r each occ u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; i t is a s s u m ed th at e m p lo y m e n t
re m a in s u n ch an ged.
2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b ased on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l grou p in the
base y ea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to
ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch an ge.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u s e d to com p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e " Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s ," M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1973, pp. 5 2 -57 .

O ffic e c l e r i c a l — C on tin u ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r s

P e r c e n t c h an ges f o r i
as fo llo w s :

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tion s is c o lle c t e d a t 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d if fe r e n t ia ls ; sch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Toledo, Ohio—M ich .,1 May 1977
In du stry d iv is io n 2

M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ments in scope
o f study

ALL D IV ISIO N S ______________________________________
-------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE6 --------------- — ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE 6 ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCF, AND REAL ESTATE6 -----------m a n u f a c t u r in g

SERVICES

..........................................................................

Num ber of establish m ents

W ithin scope
o f study J

Studied

Studied
Num ber

Percen t

557

156

138,952

100

8 1 ,416

222

64
92

7 7 ,575
6 1 ,3 7 7

56
44

5 0 ,4 7 8
30,938

20
12
26
11

13,743
8 ,5 4 3
2 5 ,4 2 4
5 ,7 4 2
7 ,9 2 5

10
6

11,393

18
4

10,268
2 ,6 82
4 ,5 9 3

50
*

335

50
50
50
50
50

40
69
142
34
50

23

1 Th e T o led o Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined by the O ffic e
o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, con sists o f Fulton, Lu ca s, Ottawa,
and W ood Counties, Ohio; and M o n roe County, M ich . The "w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f
study" estim ates shown in this table p ro v id e a reason a b ly accu rate d e s crip tio n of
the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the s u rv ey. E stim ates are
not intended, h o w eve r, fo r co m p a rison w ith oth er em ploym en t indexes to m easu re
em p loym en t trends o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w a ge su rveys re q u ire s estab­
lish m en t data co m p iled c o n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied, and
(2) s m a ll establish m en ts a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rv ey.
2 Th e 1972 edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was
used in c la s s ify in g establish m ents by indu stry d ivis io n . H o w e ver, a ll governm en t
o pera tion s a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
3 Includes till establish m ents w ith total em ploym en t at o r above the m inim um
lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f com panies in in du stries such as trade,
fin an ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tion p ictu re theaters are co n sid ered as 1
esta blish m en t.
4 Includes a ll w o r k e r s in a ll establish m ents w ith tota l em ploym en t (w ithin
the a rea ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .




W o rk ers in establish m ents
W ithin scope o f study 4

6

2 ,0 0 2

5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s
ta b les. T a x ica b s and
s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sporta tion a re excluded. The public tra n sporta tion
system in T o le d o is m u n icip a lly owned and o pera ted and excluded fr o m the scope
o f the su rvey.
6 Th is d iv is io n is rep res en ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonmanu­
fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les. Separate presen tation o f data is not m ade fo r
one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g reason s: (1) E m ploym en t is too sm a ll to p ro vid e
enough data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2) the sam ple was not design ed in itia lly to
p e r m it sep ara te presen tatio n , (3) resp o n se was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e r m it
sep ara te p resen tation , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individual
establish m ent data.
7 H otels and m o te ls ; la u n dries and oth er perso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ;
autom obile re p a ir , ren ta l, and p ark ing; m otion p ictu res; n on profit m e m b ersh ip
o rga n iza tio n s (exclu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rga n iza tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and
a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .

16

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o ­
p r i a t e oc c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s wh o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h i s p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a ti o n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b con te nt. B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
sis on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a ti o n a l
conte nt, the B u r e a u 's job d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th os e
in use in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In ap p ly in g th e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u ’ s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ic a p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n i n g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r ha n d ic a p a r e a l s o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a i n e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th ose r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g in s o m e o f the l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
t e c h n i c a l oc c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Contin ued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d i v i d u a l . M a i n ­
tain s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n tl y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d uties,
u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta sks o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a tu r e and d i f f i c u l t y . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routine
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E xclu sion s
a. R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r ou tin e i n q u i r i e s , and ro u te s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
in structed;

E stab lishes,

m aintains,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M a i n t a i n s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as

N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fi n i t i o n a r e
as f o l l o w s :
a. P o s i t i o n s w h ic h
d e scrib ed above;
b.

d.

R e la ys m es s a g e s fro m

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s

s t e n o g r a p h i c and ty p in g w o r k .




sion a l,

do

not

m eet

the " p e r s o n a l "

secretary

concept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­
techn ical, o r m a n a g e r ia l p ers o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h the du tie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s ta n t ia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e that th os e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fi n i t i o n ;

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

SEC R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed
C lass C

E x c l u s i o n s — Con tinued
e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h
resp o n sib le techn ical, ad m in istra tive, su p e rv is o ry,
du tie s w h ich a r e no t t y p i c a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in v o lve m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or sp ecialized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y is not e q u i v a l e n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situ atio ns in the d e fin itio n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in turn, f u r t h e r su b d ivid e d .
In s om e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c lu d e s a
N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fi n i ti o n s
w i d e ra n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who have a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an i n d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d oe s not in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5 ,000
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
person s.
ac t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
i n d i v i d u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l tr u s t accoun ts; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p lyin g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e fi n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; ojt
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y duty is to ta ke d ic ta tio n u sing shorth and, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
M ay op erate fr o m a steno­
g r a p h i c p oo l.
M ay occasion ally tran scrib e fro m vo ic e reco rd in g s (if p rim a r y
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
s ee T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d is ti n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fi n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r 3
4
5
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e f u n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
operation s, in d u stria l rela tio n s, etc.) or a m a jo r geographic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an i n d i v i d u a l plant , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G en era l

keep

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r ou tin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
Stenographer,

Sen ior

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l dr s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c du tie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by the
follo w in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th or ou g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u tin g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
r ou tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

M ESSENGER

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l routine
v o c a b u l a r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s . M a y a l s o type f r o m w r i t t e n
c o p y and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic ta tio n i n v o l v i n g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r wh o ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
shorthand o r b y Sten otyp e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op ening and d is tr ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b een m a d e b y a n o th er p e r s o n . M a y in clude
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d is tr ib u t in g
in com in g m a il.
C lass A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m wh en it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n gu a ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning lay ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n i f o r m i t y and b a la n c e in
s p ac in g . M a y ty pe routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B.
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p ing f r o m
rou gh o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc . ;
o r setting up s i m p l e stan da rd tab u la tion s; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y s et up and sp ac ed p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C LERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fi n i ti o n s .
C lass A .
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
en c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tainin g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e this
m ateria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p e s in c on junction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r subheadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s.
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l ta sks r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C lass C .
P e r f o r m s routin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e ti c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l s ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m an u a l tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , ou tg oing, and i n t r a s y g t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a ti n g a te le p h on e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty pe o r p e r f o r m routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f
o r l e a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a l s o ac ts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , se e S w itc h b o a r d
O p erator-R ecep tion ist.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o rk in vo lves
b u s in e s s and
p ria te p erso n
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h on e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , ac ts both as
s ee S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
ap p oin tm e n t; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m erch a n d ise by m ail,
phone, o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s i n v o l v e any c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
Quoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g out an o r d e r s h e e t l is tin g the i t e m s to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and qu antities o f i t e m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r she e ts to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s ee that th e y
h a v e b e en f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k shipping i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a ccoun ting c l e r i c a l tasks such as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accoun ts; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accou nting doc u m e nts ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c ou n tin g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a ti o n s , p os tin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u tom ate d accounting s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and ac c ou n tin g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and ac coun ting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is no t r e q u i r e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c coun ting.
P ositions
d e fi n i t i o n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v els

on

the b a s is

of

the

follow ing

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C ontinu ed

M A C H IN E B I L L E R — C ontinued

C lass A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a ccoun ting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac c ou n ting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g am on g a sub sta ntia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac c ou n ting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th rough p r e v i o u s ac cou nting
ac tio n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d b y one o r
m o r e c l a s s B accounting c l e r k s .

B ookkeepin g-m achin e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (with o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accoun ts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u lta n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W orks fro m
u n i fo r m and s ta n dard ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it slips.

C l a s s B.
Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s tr u c ti o n s
and s ta n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as pos tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a ccoun ting d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts usin g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
a ccoun ting c o d e s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r with out a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a ccoun ting s y s t e m used .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in eac h phase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and ot h e r r e c o r d s by hand.

C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phas e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e accoun ts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not
in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m ac h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr i b u ti o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc .
M ay check or assist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e ts f o r the ac coun ting
departm ent.

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o l l s h e e ts .
D uties i n v o l v e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s
b a s e d on t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g c a l c u l a t e d data on p a y r o l l
s h e e t, showing i n f o r m a t i o n such as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d ay s, t i m e , r a te ,
d e du ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o ta l w a g e s due.
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r i b u t i n g pay e n v e l o p e s .
M a y use a
calculatin g m achine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypun ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alp ha be tic
n u m e r i c data on ta b ula ting c a r d s o r on tap e .
P osition s
d efin ition s.

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v els

on

the

and/or

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to be keypun ch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r ou tin e keypun ch w o r k .
M ay
t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
W o r k is rou tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
U n de r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s ta n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts wh ich have b e en c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h have b een p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m err o n e o u s ite m s o r codes o r m iss in g in form ation .

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PE R A TO R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than an
ord in ary or e le ctro m a tic ty p ew rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y typ e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

B illin g-m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m ac h in e ( c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and ad ding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a ti o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om p u te d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o ta l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te d by
m achine.
T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p i e s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and i s often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s such as the t a b u la to r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g punch, e tc .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c ou n tin g m a c h i n e e q u ip m e n t.
P ositio n s
d efin ition s.

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v els

on

the

b a s i s of the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and tabulating a s s i g n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g un der g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s wh ich
ofte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the nature
and s e qu e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the us e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r tr a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is ' l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s used by
class C op erators.
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n ne w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C l a s s C . U n de r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccoun ting m a c h i n e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , in d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
M ay p e rfo rm
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s om e f i l i n g w o r k .

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
un der s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta bulating o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n tin g m a c h i n e s such as

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

C O M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
th e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m en t.
D evelops a c o m p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e nab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be au tom ate d and i d e n t i f i e s c on ditio ns
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d oc u m e n ts to be us ed; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n ta ti o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c han ges to ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s an a ly s ts i f th is is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p ay .)

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accoun ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
ac coun ts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
accoun ts in a m a n u f a c tu r in g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p li e d.
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly on routin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and guid ance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith in s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C lass C .
W o r k s un der i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and expan d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills r eq u ire d fo r s y stem s a n alysis w o rk.
F o r exam p le, m a y a ssist a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a lys t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l an aly s t.

D oe s not in clu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f ot h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s an a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C lass A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l p hases o f s y s t e m a n a l y s i s .
P ro b lem s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h typ e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th ro ugh the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e i n i t i a te d by the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes recom m end ations, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r ch an ge s and f o r obta in ing
e q u ip m e n t.

who a r e

M a y p r o v i d e func tio nal
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irectio n

to

low er

le v e l system s

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, into a sequ e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s tr u c tio n s wh ich a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g e qu ip m en t.
W orkin g fro m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e in s tr u c tio n s which,
when e n t e r e d into the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d lan gu a ge , cause the m a n ip u ­
latio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s ub ject m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s sequence o f p r o g r a m
s te p s; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in whic h data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c od e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m ac h in e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an alys ts
i f th is is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p ay .)

an a ly s ts

C lass B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam p le,




B U SINE S S— Continued

21

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E S S— C ontinued

CO M PUTER O PERATO R

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c an d/ o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies in s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t setup and o p e r a t i o n s ; loa d s e q u ip m en t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta pe r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i tc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y equ ip m en t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m ad e
d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s cau s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .

For

wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C lass A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n de r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ich r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l phas e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ic h i d e n t i f y
the natu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s ste ps o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g routin e;
p lans the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e qu ip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such ac tio n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h can be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l in k a g e p oin ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and sub sta ntial m a n ip u la t io n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C lass B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th ree v a r ie d sequences o r fo rm a ts .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , ad apting, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r ad d ition s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data ha ve b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f data can b e t e s t e d b y usin g a f e w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g operations.^
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) un der c l o s e
d irectio n of a high er le v e l p ro g r a m m e r or s u p e rv is o r.
May a s s is t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t ta s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta s k s un der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y guid e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a ti o n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p ts u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
Assign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a ti o n o f s ta n dard p r o c e d u r e s to
r ou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i ts a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
pro ced u res.




For

wage

study

purposes,

com puter

op erators

are

c la s s ifie d

as

follo w s:
C lass A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r runn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c hed uling r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n ti m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n so that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f te n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g uid ance to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r runn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n ru n s , t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m ne e d s
m a j o r change o r cann ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y short t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a t io n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s, o r using
s tan da rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n de r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by i n d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t tas k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t ta s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith frequ en t r e v i e w o f op eration s p e r fo r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
received
operator

C lass C .
W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u t e r equ ip m en t used and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running r o u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s ha vin g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a ft i n g
p receden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s upport w i t h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
rec o m m e n d m in o r d esign changes.
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f eac h change on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M a y e ith e r p re p a r e dra w in gs o r d ir e c t th eir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d ra fters.

D R A F T E R — C ontinu ed

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinu ed

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s no nrou tin e and c o m p l e x d r a ft i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y used .
D utie s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s working
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h ap es, m u l t i p l e fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts : p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b uil d in g inc lud in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f fo u n ­
d a tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to be us e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
Com pleted
w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l ad e qu ac y .

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standa rd e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and household r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h os e p r i m a r y duty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s in g l e units o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in eerin g, con stru ction , m anufactu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rpo ses.
Types of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C onsolidates d etails fr o m a num ber of
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
S u gg e sted m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
with in itia l a ssign m en ts.
In s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

P osition s
d e fi n i t i o n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v els

on the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s ad v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and fr e q u e n t
en gin eerin g changes.
W ork in vo lves:
A d e t a i l e d un dersta nd in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d ep end ent ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g such
ta s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
ship s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a t i o n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p ro vide
t e c h n i c a l g u id an c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

D R A F TE R -T R A C E R

C o p i e s pla ns and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s by p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
( D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim ple o r rep e titiv e draw ings of e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s.
W o r k i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B.
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W ork in v o lve s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ship s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k se qu e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x than th o s e used b y the
c l a s s A te c h n i c i a n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l techn icians.

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a l l i n g , m a i n ta i n i n g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , tr o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c tin g , and t e s t i n g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l application o f te c h n ica l knowledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g c o n d itio n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
e q u ip m e n t.




C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r ou tin e ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
ti o n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
ta s k s a s :
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sing t o o l s and c o m m o n te s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d t o be f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g )
so that w o r k e r can
ad v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n i c i a n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
wh en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o l v e d .

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E — C ontinued

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e un der g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D uties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; att en ding to subseq uent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p atie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
he alth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a ti o n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the health, w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN TE N A N C E C A R PE N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t arid m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e qu ip m en t such as bins, c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d too ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n dard
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n dard shop c om p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
sions o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e quip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Work
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; plannin g and l a y i n g out o f w o r k ; us in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
ha nd too ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g
s tan da rd m a c h i n e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
sta n da rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s tan da rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and f ittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s into m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l ,
the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a roun ded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M ach in ery)
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s such as the i n s t a l ­
la tio n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s tr i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lve s m ost
o f the f o l l o w i n g ; I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y of e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m en t; w o r k i n g stan da rd c om p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to load r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and usin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s ha ndto ols and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th rough
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E P A IN T E R

P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p ainting by r e m o v i n g o ld fi n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh.
M ay m ix c olo rs ,
o i l s , w h it e l e a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the us e o f ha ndto ols in
s c r a p i n g and f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts w ith i t e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m sto ck ; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c ti o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e shop o r sendin g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e sho ps; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a l l
n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n te n a n c e m e c h a n i c
req u ires
rou nded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally
a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties
i n v o l v e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h i n e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor V eh icles)
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s, m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m en t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the us e o f such hand to ols as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b ro k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m sto ck ; g r i n d i n g and ad justin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t­
m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , ad ju s tin g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h te n in g bod y
bolts.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (Motor Vehicles)— Continued
v e h ic le s

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e r s '
in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops.

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s io an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ben d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s tan d a rd te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix t u r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d too ls in c u ttin g, b en d in g, fo r m in g , shapin g,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R — Continued
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s om e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p lyin g, liftin g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e th at a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m a c h in e
to o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en gin e la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m ak in g o r m a in ta in in g ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls ,
g a u g es , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; se ttin g up m a ch in e
to o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s ta ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id es , stops, w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to h an d le the s iz e o f stock to be m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p ee d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sing a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts du rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes n ot
in clu d e m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops.

M I L L W R IG H T

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w hen c h an ges in the p lan t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h an d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m ak in g s tan d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd to o ls , equ ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u sed ; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and s p eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s jig s , fix tu r e s ,
cuttin g to o ls , g a u g es , or
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l or n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly i n v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d ersta n d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; u sing
v a r io u s to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; h e a t - tr e a t in g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , b y
p e r fo r m in g s p e c if ic o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk




F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in c lu d e to o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

ST A T IO N A R Y E N G IN EER

S T A T IO N A R Y ENG IN E E R — Continued

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g eq u ip m en t,
s te a m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s .

H ea d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u rn e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

W AREHOUSEM AN *

D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, f r e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k w ith
o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in good
w o r k in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e exclu d ed .

A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e rs ta n d in g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d oc u m e n ts , n o tin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u tie s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, as f o llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t tru c k (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
m e d iu m tru c k ( I V 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k ( t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k (o th e r than t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )

O RD ER F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the good s
sh ip p ed, m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a n ges, and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o lv e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e rs in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o rta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a ge d
g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y , r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

For

w age

study

p u rposes,

S h ip p in g c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c le r k




w o rk ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u ties in v o lv e ship p ing and r e c e iv in g
w o r k (s e e Sh ippin g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f ill i n g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

fo llo w s :

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la te d d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r s h ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d epen den t upon
the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to be p a c k ed , the typ e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f s h ip m en t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c on ten t; s e le c tio n ( r a p p ro p ria te
typ e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P ack ers
w ho a ls o m a k e w o od en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G LA B O R E R

GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s to r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; un pack in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and un load sh ip s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es
g u a rd s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and ch eck on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e rs o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R ,
O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t go o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a re h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

tru c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k l i f t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a to r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




27

P O R TE R , OR C LE A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u se, o r c o m m e r ic a l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
S w ee p in g , m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d usting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lies and m in o r m ain ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lts a r e pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile su p p lies la s t
f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u s ta , G a.— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m on t—P o r t A r t h u r O ra n ge, T ex.
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and
G
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W ash .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am p aign —U rb an a—R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C l a r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo rd rS
K la m a th F a lls - G r a n t s P a s s —
R o s e b u rg , O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R ile y —Junction C ity , K ans.
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W a y n e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u rg , M d .—P a .
G a d sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L aredo, Tex.
L a w to n , O kla.
L e x in g to n —F a y e tt e , K y.
L im a , O hio
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o re , M d .—V a .—D el.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n r -P h a r r —E d in b u rg and
B r o w n s v ill e— a r lin g e n —
H
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th, and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la . — la .
F
M ontana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N e w B e r n r -J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ire (s ta te w id e )
N e w Lon d on —N o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r th D akota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iv e r s id e - S a n B e r n a r d in o —
O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a , K an s.
S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a r a -S a n ta M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e rm a n — e n is o n , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D akota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th ern Idaho
S o u th w e s te rn V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e ,
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ich .
V a lle jo —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U.S.
W a co and K ille e n — e m p le , T e x .
T
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Iow a
W est Texas

P lain s

W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N. J.—Md.
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W a lla —P e n d le to n ,
W a s h .-O r e g .

A LS O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c cou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tt o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
to r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $1.35
a c o p y , f r o m an y o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s show n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
te n d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W a sh in g to n ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u rc h a s e d f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s shown on the b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g
O ff ic e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 20402.
M a k e c h eck s p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t of
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g th e y e a r s
1950 th ro u gh 1975, is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1_________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N. Y . , Sept. 1976 _________________
S
T
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f. , O ct. 1976___________________ ______________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977___________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 976_.____________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1976_______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 977___________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976 _______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1976 _________________________________________
C anton, O h io , M a y 1976__________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .— a . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 __________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .— d ., M a r . 1976_________________________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1976_____________________________________
C olu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1976______________________________________
C orp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , July 1976________________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1976___________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla n d — o lin e , Io w a —
R
M
111., F eb . 1976_______
D a y ton , O h io , D e c . 1976 _________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 ________________________________
D e n v e r — o u ld e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1976_____________________________
B
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f. , June 1976 _______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , S ept. 1976 ____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is ., Ju ly 1976_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1976__________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1976 1____________________
S
H a r t fo r d , C onn ., M a r . 1977______________________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1976________________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1_____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1976_____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M is s . , F e b . 1977 1______________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D e c . 1976 1__________________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1976 1 _________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif. , O ct. 1976__________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— d ., N o v . 1976_________________________________
In




B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r ic e *
1900-7 6, 85 cents
1900-59, 55 cents
1900-67,
1950-17,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

7 5 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
55 cents
85 cen ts
85 cents
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
$ 1 .0 5
75 cen ts
95 cents
75 cen ts
55 c4nts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
45 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .2 0
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1950-9,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
80 cen ts
85 cen ts
$ 1.40
75 cents
$ 1 .5 0
85 cen ts
$ 1.05
85 cen ts
55 cents

A rea
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . — i s s . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________
A
M
M ia m i, F la . , Oct. 197 6 ___________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1977________________
N a s sa u — u ffo lk , N. Y . , June 1976 _______________________________
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan 1977 __________________________________________
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1__________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N .Y . - N . J . , M a y 197 6 ________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o r t N e w s — am p ton , V a .— .C ., M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ___________
H
N
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 197 6 ____________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 197 6 _______________________________
O m aha, N e b r .— w a , O ct. 197 6 _________________________________
Io
P a t e r son—C lifto n r-P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1976 __________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 6 1____________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1977 ______________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1 ___________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 197 6 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n —N e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 197 6 ____ ,___
K
P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R . I. —
M a s s ., June 1976________________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 197 6 _______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1977 __________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif. , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
S a gin a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1 9 7 6 1_____________________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity —O gden , U tah, N o v . 197 6 _______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 197 6 ___________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v . 1976____________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —O aklan d, C a lif. , M a r . 1976 ___________________
San J o s e , C a lif. , M a r . 1 976_____________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan 1977 1_____________________________
E
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y . , Ju ly 1976_______________________________________
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., M a y 1977 _________________________________
M
T r e n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1 976________________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
M
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 7 * _____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1977 __________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1977 _____________________________________________

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r ic e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1900-35,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1900-48,

85 cents
75 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1 .6 0
85 cents
$ 1.60
$ 1.60
$ 1.05

1900-27, 85 cen ts
1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1 900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,

85 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1.50
85 cen ts
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-31,
1900-34,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1900-79,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1950-12,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1950—18,
1900-56,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

75 cents
65 cents
$ 1.20
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
55 cents
95 cents
75 cents
$ 1.2 0
55 cents
55 cents
80 cents
55 cents
$ 1.20
$ 1 .1 0
70 cents
$ 1.10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject tc change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

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1

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