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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Toledo, Ohio—Michigan, Metropolitan Area
February 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-50




BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S




Area Wage Survey
The Toledo, Ohio— Michigan, Metropolitan Area




February 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-50
April 19 6 7

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




P r e fa c e

C o n te n ts
Page

The Bure au of Labor Statistics pr o g r a m of annual
occupational wage su r vey s in m etropo litan areas is d e ­
signed to pro vide data on occupational earnings, and e s t a b ­
lish m en t p r a c t i c e s and supp lementary wage pro vision s. It
yields detailed data by selec ted industry divisions for each
of the a r e a s studied, for geographic reg ions, and for the
United State s.
A m a j o r consideration in the p r o g r a m is
the need for g re a t e r insight into (1) the m ov em en t of wa ges
by occupational c a teg or y and skill level, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l of w a g es among areas and industry divisio ns.
At the end of each survey, an individual area b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts su r vey r es u lts for each area studied. Afte r
com p le tion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is iss ued.
The
fi r s t part brin gs data for each of the metropolitan a re as
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents i n fo r ­
m ation which has been proje cted fr o m individual m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to rela te to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction__________________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selec ted occupational g r o u p s _____________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E i g h t y - s i x a re a s currently are included in the
p r o g r a m . Information on occupational earnings is col le cted
annually in each a re a. Information on establishment p r a c ­
t ic e s and su pp le m enta ry wage provisions is obtained b i e n ­
nially in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This bulletin prese n ts results of the su rvey in
T ole d o, Ohio—M i c h .,
in F e b r u a r y 1967.
The Standard
M etr opolita n Statistic al A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of
the Budget through A p r i l 1966, consist s of Lucas and Wood
Cou nties, Ohio; and Monro e County, Mich.
This study
wa s conducted by the B u re a u 's regional office in Cleveland,
Ohio, John W. L eh m a n , D ir e c t o r ; by A l fr e d Veit, under
the direction of Edward Chaiken. The study was under the
g en eral direction of Elliott A. Brow ar, A s s is tan t Regional
D ir e c t o r fo r W a g e s and Industrial Relations.




1
4

Estab lish m en ts and w o r k e r s within scope of s u rvey and
number stu died_________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly s a la r i e s and s t r a ig h t -t im e
hourly earnings for s elected occupational groups, and
percents of change for se lec ted p e r i o d s ___________________________
Occupational ea r n i n g s :*
A - 1. Office occupations—men and w o m e n __________________________
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupations—m en and w o m en ..
A - 3 . O ff ic e , p r o fe s s i o n a l, and technical occupations—
m en and wom en c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4 . Maintenance and powerplant o cc u p a tio n s ___________________
A - 5 . Custodial and m a t e r i a l m ov em en t occupations_____________
Establish m en t p r a ct ic e s and su pplem entary wage p r o v i s i o n s :*
B -l.
Min im u m entrance s a la r i e s for wom en office w o r k e r s ___
B - 2 . Shift diffe re n tials________________________________________________
B - 3 . Scheduled weekly h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4 . Paid h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________
B - 5. Paid vacation s____________________________________________________
B - 6 . Health, insurance, and pension p l a n s _______________________
B - 7 . Health insurance benefits provided em p loy ee s and
their de pe n d en ts________________________________________________
B - 8 . P r e m i u m pay for overtim e w o r k _____________________________

Appendixe s :
A . Change in occupational description : S e c re ta ry ______________________
B. Occupational d e s c rip tio n s_______________________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : Sim ila r tabulations are available for other
(See inside back c o v e r .)

Union s c a l e s , indicative of prevailing pay le ve ls in
the Toledo area, are a ls o available for building con­
struction; printing; l o c a l- t r a n s i t operating e m p lo y e e s ; and
m otortru c k d r i v e r s , helpers, and allied occupations.

iii

3

4

6
9
10
11
12

14
15
16
17
18
21
22
23

24
25




Area Wage Survey---The Toledo, Ohio—Mich., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U . S . D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
Bureau of La bo r Statist ic s conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and r ela te d ben ef its on an areawide b a s i s .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
obtained by pe rs o n a l v is its of Bureau field e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e ­
sentative es t a b lis h m e n t s within six broad industry divisio ns: M a n u ­
fa cturing; tran sportation , com municatio n, and other public utilities;
w h o le s ale trade; r e t a il trade; finance, insurance, and r ea l estate ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are
government operations and the construction and ex tractiv e industries.
E s t a b lis h m e n t s having fewer than a pr es c r ib e d number of w o r k e r s are
o m itte d, b ecau se they tend to furnish insufficient em plo ym ent in the
occupations studied to w arrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provide d for each of the broad industry divisions which m e e t pub­
lication c r i t e r i a .

bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
W here weekly hours are
reporte d, as for office c l e r i c a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the stand­
ard workw eek (rounded to the n ea re s t half hour) for which employee s
r ec eiv e their reg ular s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a la r i e s (e xclusive of pay for
over tim e at regular a n d / o r p r em iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n e a re s t half dollar.
The a v er a ge s presente d r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , areawide e s t i ­
m ates.
Industries and e sta blis h m en ts differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute diffe rently to the e s tim a tes for each job.
The pay relatio nship obtainable fr o m the a v e r a g e s may fail to r efle ct
a ccu rately the wage sprea d or diffe rential maintained among jobs in
individual e s ta b lis h m en ts .
S i m i la r l y , diffe re n ce s in average pay
levels for m en and w om en in any of the s elected occupations should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f le c t diffe re n ce s in pay treatment of the se xes
within individual esta b lis h m en ts .
Other possible fa cto rs which may
contribute to d iffe ren ces in pay for m en and w o m en include: D if fe r ­
ences in p r o g r e s s i o n within est ablished rate r a n g e s , since only the
actual rates paid incumbents are c olle cted ; and d iffe ren ces in specific
duties p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s are appropria te ly cla s s ified
within the sa m e survey job description .
Job de sc riptions used in
c la s s if y in g em p loy ee s in these su rveys a re usually m or e generalized
than those used in individual es ta blis h m en ts and allow for minor
d iffe ren ces am ong esta blis h m en ts in the spe cific duties perform ed.

T h es e s u r v e y s a re conducted on a sample b asis becau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t involved in surveying all e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m in im u m cost, a greater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a l l es ta blis h m en ts is studied.
In combining the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll es t a b lis h m e n t s are given their appropriate weight.
Es­
tim a te s b as e d on the esta blis h m en ts studied are pres e n te d , t h e r efo r e,
as r ela tin g to a ll esta blis h m en ts in the industry grouping and a r e a ,
except for those below the m in im u m size studied.
Occupations and Earn ings
The occupations selected for study are c o m m o n to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing in dust ries, and a r e of the
follow ing types: (1) Off ice c le r i c a l; (2) p r o fes s io n al and technical;
(3) mainten an ce and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational c la s s if i c a t i o n is based on a unifo rm set of job
d e s c rip tio n s designed to take account of in te resta blish m en t variation
in duties within the s a m e job.
The occupations s elec ted for study
a re listed and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
The earnings data following
the job title s are fo r a ll industries combined.
Earnings data for so m e
of the occupations listed and d e s c rib ed , or for some industry div isions
within o c c u p a t io n s , a re not presented in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , because
either (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the occupation is too s m a l l to provide enough
data to m e r i t prese n ta tio n , or (2) there is po ss ibility of d is c lo s u r e
of individual e s t a b lis h m e n t data.

Occupational em p lo ym en t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll es ta blis h m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
B ec a u s e of diffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the es t im a t e s of occupational employment o b ­
tained fr o m the sa mple of e sta blis h m en ts studied s e r v e only to indicate
the relative impo rtance of the jobs studied.
T h ese differences in
occupational structure do not m a t e r i a l ly affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Estab lis h m en t P r a c t i c e s and Supplementary Wage

Information is presente d (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
establis h m en t pr a ctic es and su pp lementary wage provisi ons as they re­
late to plant and office w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a ti v e , executive, and pro­
fe s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t construction w o r k e r s who are
utilized as a sep arate wo rk fo r c e are excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in­
clude working fo r e m e n and a ll non su p erviso ry w o r k er s (including le ad m e n and tra inees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
"O f fi c e w o r k e r s "

Occupation al em p lo y m en t and earnings data are shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those hired to work a regular w eekly schedule
in the given occupational cla s s ific ation .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m i u m pay for o v e r t i m e and for work on we ek ends, h oliday s, and
late sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




Provisions

1

2
include working s u p e r v i s o r s and n on su p er viso ry w o r k er s pe rfo r m in g
c le r i c a l or r ela te d functions.
C afeteria w o r k e r s and routem en are
excluded in m anufacturing in du s tries , but included in nonmanufacturing
in d u s t rie s .
M in im u m entrance s a la r i e s for w o m en office w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) relate only to the es ta blis h m en ts visited .
They a re presente d in
te rm s of esta blish m en ts with fo r m a l m in im u m entrance s a lar y policies.
Shift d iffe ren tial data (table B -Z ) a re lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in manufacturing in du stries.
This info rm ation is presented both in
term s of (1) e s ta b lis h m en t policy, 1 presente d in t e r m s of total plant
worker em p lo y m en t, and (Z) effective p r a ct ic e , presente d in t e r m s of
w o rkers actual ly em plo yed on the specified shift at the time of the
su rvey.
In es ta blis h m en ts having varied diffe re n tials , the amount
applying to a m a j o r i t y was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a j o r i ty ,
the c la s s if i c a t i o n " o t h e r " was used.
In establis h m en ts in which some
la te -s h i f t hours a re paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a diffe rential was recorde d
only if it applied to a m a jo r ity of the shift hours.
The sc heduled week ly hours (table B - 3 ) of a m a jo r i ty of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an esta blis h m en t a re tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office w o r k er s of that es tablis h m en t.
Scheduled
weekly hours a re those which f u l l - t i m e em p loy ee s were expected to
work, whether they w e r e paid for at s t r a i g h t -t i m e or o ver tim e r a tes .
Paid hol idays; paid vacations; health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans; and p r e m iu m pay for over tim e wo rk (tables B - 4 through B - 8 )
are treated s tatis tic ally on the b as is that these are applicable to all
plant or office w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity of such w o r k e r s are eligible or
may eventually qualify for the pra ctices listed.
Sums of individual
items in tables B - Z through B - 8 m a y not equal totals b ecau se of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B - 4 ) a re limited to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) are provided for
in written f o r m , or (Z) have been established by cu sto m .
Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fa ll on a non­
workday, even if the w o r k er is not granted another day off.
The fir s t
part of the paid holidays table pr ese n ts the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted.
The second part com bines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of vacation plans (table B - 5 ) is lim ite d to f o r ­
mal p o li c i e s , excluding in fo rm a l a rr an g em en ts whereby time off with
pay is granted at the d is c r e t io n of the e m p lo y e r .
E s t i m a t e s exclude
v ac ation -s av in gs plans and those which offer " e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a t i ­
c a l " benefits beyond basi c plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths of
s e r v ic e .
T ypical of such exclu sions are plans in the st e e l, alu m in um ,
and can in du stries.
Separate e s tim a tes are provided acc o rd in g to
em plo yer practice in computing vacation p a ym e n ts , such as time pa y ­
m e n t s , percent of annual e a rnin g s, or f l a t - s u m amounts. H ow ev er, in
1

An

es t a bl is hm en t

was

c o n s id e r e d

as h a v i n g

a

policy

if

it

met

e ith e r

of

the

follow ing

con dition s:

(1 ) O p e r a t e d lat e shifts at the t im e o f the survey, or (2 ) h a d fo r m a l prov ision s c o v e r i n g

late shifts.

A n es ta bl is hm e nt was c o n s id e r e d as h a v i n g f o r m a l provis io ns if it (1 ) h a d o p e r a t e d late

shifts during the

12 mo nths prior

late shifts.




to the survey,

or (2 ) had pro vis io ns in written fo r m fo r o pe r at in g

the tabulations of vacation pay, paym ents not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n ­
verte d to a time b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a pa ym ent of Z pe rcent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.
Data are presented for a ll health, i n s u ra n c e, and pension
plans (tables B - 6 and B - 7 ) for which at le ast a part of the c o s t is
borne by the e m p lo y er, excepting only le ga l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as
w o r k m e n 's compensation, so cia l s e c u r i t y , and r ailr oa d r e t ir e m e n t.
Such plans include those unde rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c i a l insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid d ir ec tly by
the em p lo y er out of current operating funds or fr o m a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Selected health insu ra nce benefits provided e m ­
p loyees and their dependents are a ls o prese n te d.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ite d to that type of
insurance under which predeterm in ed c a s h paym ents a re m ad e dir ec tly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly b a s is during illn e s s or accident
disability.
Information is presented for a ll such plans to which the
e m p lo y er contributes.
H ow ever, in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted te m porary disability in surance laws which requir e e m ­
ployer c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans are included only if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tributes m o r e than is le gally r eq u ir e d , or (Z) provides the em plo yee
with benefits which excee d the r e q u ir e m e n ts of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are lim ite d to f o r m a l plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r ' s pay during a b s e n ce f r o m work
b ecau se of ill n e s s .
Separate tabulations are p resen ted a cc o rd in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (Z) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting pe riod.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of w o r k e r s who are provided
sic k n es s and accident insurance or paid si ck le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w o rkers who re c e iv e either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance,
s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as extended
m ed ic a l insurance, includes those plans which a re desi gned to p rote ct
em p loy ee s in case of sickness and injury involving ex pen ses beyond
the n o r m a l coverage of hospita lizatio n, m e d i c a l, and s u r g ic a l plans.
M e d i c a l insurance r e f e r s to plans providing for c om p le te or pa rtial
payment of do cto rs' fe e s .
Such plans m a y be underwritten by c o m ­
m e r c i a l insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
Tabulations of r e t ir e m e n t pe nsion plans are lim ite d
to those plans that provide monthly paym ents for the r em a in d e r of
the w o r k e r ' s life.
Data on overtim e pr em iu m pay (table B - 8 ) , the hours after
which pr em iu m pay is rec eiv ed and the co r r es p o n d in g rate of pay, are
presente d by daily and weekly p r o v i s i o n s .
Daily o v e r t im e r e f e r s to
work in ex c es s of a specified num ber of hours a day r e g a r d l e s s of
the number of hours worked on other days of the pay period.
W e ek ly
o ver tim e r e f e r s to work in e x c e s s of a s p ecified number of hours
per week r e g a r d le s s of the day on which it is p e r f o r m e d , the number
of hours per day, or number of days worked.
2 The

t em po ra ry

disa bility

contr ibu tio ns .
3 A n e st abl is hm ent

was

m i n i m u m n u m b e r of days

of

w ri tte n ,

but

in fo rm a l

sick

laws

in

c o n s id e r e d
sick

le a v e

leave

C a li fo r n ia
as h a v i n g

a v a il a b l e

a ll o w a n c e s ,

and
a

R h od e

form al

to e a c h

determ ined

Island

pl a n

if

em ployee.
on

an

do

it

no t

require

es ta bl is he d

Su ch a p l a n

in d iv i d u a l

basis,

at

em ployer
le a s t

need

w ere

not

the
be

excluded.

3

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d i e d in T o l e d o ,

O h i o — i c h . , 1 b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1967
M
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m ber of establishm ents
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry division

W ithin sc o p e o f study
W i t h in s c o p e
of study3

Stud ie d
T otal4

S t u d i ed

P la n t
Number

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

_

.

396

139

106, 90 0

100

72, 700

16,000

72,400

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________________ _
R e t a i l t r a d e __________ ____________________________ —
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8 ___________________________________________

50
-

199
197

67
72

71,400
35,500

67
33

50,000
22, 700

10,100
5, 9 00

51,870
20, 530

50
50
50
50
50

41
35
72
19
30

22
10
21
5
14

10, 300
3, 600
14,800
3, 000
3, 800

10
3
14
3
3

5, 600

1 ,6 0 0

A l l d i v i s i o n s _________________________________________

(6)
([)
(6)

(6 )
(*)

0

(6 )

8,
1,
7,
1,
2,

460
140
360
360
210

1 T h e T o l e d o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 196 6, c o n s i s t s o f L u c a s and W o o d C o u n t i e s , O h i o ; and M o n r o e C oun ty , M i c h .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in this ta bl e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The estim ates
a r e no t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n in g of
wage surveys requires
the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and the 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s (w i th in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p la nt and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a nd s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , an d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s no t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e st ud y, (2) the s a m p l e w a s not
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n
on l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f da ta f o r th is d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g i v e n in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g
and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t w o - t h i r d s of the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e of the s u r v e y in the T o l e d o a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry groups

S p e c ific industries

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______ 27
St one, c l a y , an d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 19
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____
9
M achinery (except e lectrical)™
9
P r i m a r y m e t a l s __________________
9
F o o d p r o d u c t s _____________________
5
P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ______
5
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y ____________ 4

M o t o r v e h i c l e s and
e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------------- 25
F l a t g l a s s __________________________
8
N o n f e r r o u s f o u n d r i e s ____________
5
G en eral industrial m a c h in e r y
and e q u i p m e n t ___________________ 4
M e t a l s t a m p i n g s ___________________ 4

T hi s i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a ter ia ls com p iled p r io r to actual survey .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges of change
in avera ge s a l a r i e s of office c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial n u r s e s ,
and in a v er a g e earnings of selected plant w o r k er grou ps. The indexes
are a m e a s u r e of wages at a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a percent of
wages during the b a s e period (date of the a rea su rvey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the index
yields the pe rc enta ge change in wages fr o m the b ase pe riod to the
date of the index.
The p ercen tages of change or i n c r e a s e relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
T h es e es t im a t e s are
m e a s u r e s of change in a ver a ge s for the a re a; they are not intended
to m e a s u r e a vera ge pay changes in the e sta blish m en ts in the a r e a .
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h ese constant weights reflec t b ase y ear
em plo ym en ts w herever p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e multiplied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e r e total ed . The a g g re g a te s
for 2 consecutive y e a r s w e r e rela te d

by

dividing

the

agg re ga te fo r

the la ter yea r by the aggregate for the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r ela tiv e, l e s s 100 pe rcent, shows the pe rc e n ta ge change. The index
is the product of multiplying the b a s e y e a r rela tive (100) by the rela tive
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r ' s relative by the prev ious y e a r ' s index.
A v e r a g e earnings
for the following occupations w e r e used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was a s s ig n e d a weight based on its proportionate em plo ym ent
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all

Table 2.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

ious years, are excluded because of a change in the

•iption tins year.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Toledo, Ohio—Mich. ,
February 1967 and February 1966, and percents of change1 for selected periods
Indexes
(March 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group
February 1967

February 1966

Percents of change 1
February 1966
to
February 1967

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964,
to
February 1965

February 1963
to
February 1964

March 1962
to
February 1963

March 1961
to
March 1962

All industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)---------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-------------------Skilled maintenance (men)---------------------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------

118.2
124.9
117.2
118.2

111.2
117.3
112.5
111.8

6 .3
6 .5
4 .2
5 .8

3. 3
5. 5
3 .9
4. 6

1 .4
2.8
1.2
2~ . 3

1. 8
1 .4
2. 3
2 .2

1 .9
4. 5
2. 3
2 .7

2. 3
2 .0
2. 3
2. 2

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en )---------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-------------------Skilled maintenance (m en)---------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-----------------------------------------

118.2
123.0
116.4
118. 7

110.6
115.0
111.9
112.2

6 .9
7 .0
4. 1
5 .8

3 .0
5 .0
4 .0
3. 1

1.4
2.3
1. 1
.4

2 .2
. 5
2. 4
2. 4

1.6
4 .4
2 .0
3 .5

2 .0
2 .0
1.9
2 .2

1 A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.
2 This decrease largely reflects changes in employment between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage decreases.




5
F o r off ic e c l e r i c a l w o r ker s and industrial n u r s e s , the wage
trends r ela te to weekly s a la r i e s for the n ormal workw eek, exclu sive
of earnings at o v e r t i m e p r e m iu m r ates.
For plant w o r ker groups,
they
m e a s u r e changes in average s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings,
excluding p r e m i u m pay for o vertim e and for work on week en ds,
h oliday s, and late sh ifts.
The percentage s are based on data for
se le c t e d key occupations and include m o s t of the n u m er ic a lly important
jo b s within each group.

Changes in the labor fo r c e can cau se i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a v er a g e s without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all e sta blis h m en ts in an area gave wage i n c r e a s e s ,
a ver a ge w ages may have de clined b ec au se lo w e r -p a y i n g establishments
entered the are a or expanded their work f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
m ay have rem ained rela tively constant, yet the a v er a ge s for an area
may have ris en con siderab ly becau se high er-pa yin g est ablishm en ts
entered the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of Data
The indexes and percenta ge s of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , are influenced by:
( l ) gen eral s a la ry and
wage ch an ges,
(2) m e r i t or other i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c eiv ed by
individual w o r k e r s while in the same jo b, and (3) changes in average
w ages due to changes in the labor fo rce resulting f r o m labor turn­
o v e r , fo r c e ex pa n sion s, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p lo y ed by est ablishm en ts with different pay l e v e l s .




The use of constant em plo ym ent weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s represe n te d in each job
included in the data. The percen ta ges of change r efle ct only changes
in a vera ge pay for s t r a i g h t -t i m e h ou r s .
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard work sch ed ules, as such, or by p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t i m e .
Data w e r e adjusted where n e c e s s a r y to rem ov e fr o m
the indexes and percen ta ges of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scop e of the su rvey .

6
A.
Table A -l.

Occupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a t io ns studied on an a re a ba s is
b y in d u st r y d i v is i o n , T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in dus tr y di v is i o n

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g straight - t i m e w e e k l y ea rn in g s of—
$

Average
weekly

Number
of
woifcers

( standard)

50
M ean 2

Median

2

Middle range

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10C

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

over

2

7

24

24

5

-

6

22

22

11
11

3
3

1
1

3

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

14

4
4

1

2
2

1

12
12

and
und er

2

55

and

MEN
CLLI\ 1
Cof

ACC0 UNTINCf CLAv^ A

CLERKS» ACCOUNTING,

99
88

CLASS B --------------

2 8

$
$
1 3 2 . 5C
1 34.00

39.5

104.50

103.00

. 5t

9 3.00

/r . 9
\
0 n

2

5

40.0
4 0,0

"

6

$

$

94.0 C -1 18 .00
91.0 0-

-

-

-

-

-

72

27

39. >

j!
Zb

0.0

*^

77.00

136.00

1^36* 59

-

4

2

*

2

2

4

3

6

2

i

A

2

20

■
*
9

16
1*
JL D
3

.
*

1

5

3
1

1
1

2

1

_

7

1

1

/> nn
Z.-Q

7

-

95.00

_
_ 1 1 n '■n
1
_
1 15.50-124.50
. I?
/ 0 0
4 ^ .#A 1 1 8 . UC i z u •u j 1 1 5 . 0 0 - 1 2 4 . 5 0

ll

2

4
1

1
1

*
•

*

2

2

3

~4

4

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
U afcii l£ Af-Tlin 1JN*
=
F
nflINUr Al. ! UK TMU —

2

— — — —
— — —

i oou«5U - 1 / 7 A n
ca
1 n
lHf*UU

1
1

1 3 0 . 5 0 - 1 4 7 . CO

1
1

-

1

2

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
54

u AMtir ar ilJKlINb
ir*
r» A Ur AL Tim r K — — — — — — — — —
IN
—— — — — — — — —

39.5
39.5

122.50 126.50
1 2 2 . 5C 1 2 6 . 0 0

7

1 08 .00-134.50
109.C 0-13 3 .5 0

2

3

6

1

7

7

2

5
5

15
15

1

3

1

*

W
OMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
rHALHINcJ
NONMANIIF ACTURI NG — — — — —
—— — — —

—
— —
—

4 0.0

44
2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A - — — — — — —
— — —
------—
---------MAN(JF ACTUR ING — — — — — — — — —
— — —— — — — — —

5

71 nn— 7 0 « W
nn
1 1«UU
O

47
2 '

39
9

•;?
*

QQ " ^

7A* 50
76.

7 o

92.50

85.00

8 4.0 08 5 .0 0 -

102.00

nn— qa

4

82.50
^63
70

40.0
39.5

r*L b K K S t
*
ni^
ur
r i »oc a
L a r h i/ c
f lrLrLnU U i T1t liN b « C L A o b A ———————
u a mi i c A r U K t m r*
rl ArsJiJr- A t r1n n 1 JNo —— ———— ——————————
KlHKiU AKH I T A t TiUK T KlC ———
iNUiN^iAwUr AT 1 in L N b
— ————————

1 a?

io *c

58

.9 .5

oa .5 0
6 rh

105.50
97.00

321
162
159

4 0.0

84.50

85.00

40.0

81

104

39.5

73.50

73

39.5

69.00

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

U AMI 1C A T 1 I “ TKlP
n AnIUr A t T IUO 1 fNb

CLASS B --------------——— —— ———————————

NONMANUFACTURING

---------- ------ — —---------

f*t c n i s c
c Ir L cc t
r
tL
r i
t li f a c b D
l oc o
———- —- ————
U AAIIIC A T I i n l NG
n ANU r A L T lUK I A i r
— ———— —————
———

NONMANUFACTURING---------- ------ —
CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS C

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




l i n n

00

7 5 .0 0 - 9 2.00
7 4 .0 0 103.50
7 5 .5 0 - 88.00

69.50
84.50

l

6 6.0 0

64.00

6 0.0 0-

83 50
9 2 . 5C
7 3.00

83.00
8 7 .5 0
74.50

7 3 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 7 u *D U_
ra cn *

7o
r9

103.50
1C6.50
nn
•00

19
19

4
4

7

9
4

17

~

15

2

30

24
4
20

_

23

8
9

5

72.50

39.5
40 . 0
39.5

-

TTCm DU
( D CA

6l
95
26

9

2
5

~

6 5 .0 0 - 83.00
7 7 . 5 0 - 9 5 . CO
/ -j c U *
6 3 « Dn „

1

8

5
5

12

6

21

27

21

27

17
c
3

11 .

2

14

2

13

4

3

5

22

15

3

2

14

7

4

2

9

15

1
1

5

11
4

9
9

1

2
2

3

3
3

4
4

2

~

2

3

3

2

2

15
15

13

*

1
1

31
24

10

7

2

3

4

5

15

3

7

7

.3

8

13

17

62
28
34

36
14

43
10
g

7
4

4

"

12
2

34
7
27

60
17

1

6

3

1C
8
2

9 3.5 0117.50
9 6 .5 0 131.00
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

8 3 . CO

8 8 .0 0

. on

3

l

7

7 6 . 5 0 - 9 7 . 0C
7 7f • DU i . iU i1 • c n
K f in
»
7 6 . 5 0 - 84.00

45

--------------------- -- ----------

NONMANUFACTURING--------------------- -------------------

80.50
100

—— —

r iL u n i* c’ t n n \J c n ———— ———————————— ———
l, c " /
LKn CK
J
U A’NUr AL- T u n T Kir* —— ———
H AAll Id A f » U K 1 rtb
—— ——— ———

90
79.50

4

3

1 0 5 . CO
1 1 1 . CO

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
M^ NUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
— — —— — — —— —
H'JinM KUr A t lUKI KO — — — — — —
A it
NIOLUAiN 1CA r Tl ID T I m — — — —— — — —
t

11
1"

5

r,n

22

3

9

9
9

9
9

10

2
2

9
9

g

3

j

7

8
0

5
5

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

7
7

4

1

3
14
14

8
8

4

5
5

13
13

2

1

-

-

°

4

7
4

7

7

1

1
1

6
6

7
7

-

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ea rn in gs of —

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

s
50

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

65

$

$

70

75

S

$

80

85

%
90

$

95

%

$
IC O

105

$

$

$

110

115

120

$
125

1 30

%
140

♦

$

$

150

160

170
and

75

80

85

90

95

100

5

10

17

13

1
9

1

38
27

21

2

16

11

23
18
5

8
2

60

65

79

3
7

-

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

6
6

7
4
3

6

7

5

2

10
10

9

1

5

-

~

1

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

1

-

-

-

_

150

16C

170

over

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

CONTINUED
199
132
67

39.5
43.0
39.5

$
95.00
9 9.50
86.50

$
92.50
97.50
82.50

$
$
8 2.0 0-10 4.5 0
8 5 .0 0-11 0.0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 96.00

COMPTOMETER o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

110

61
49

40.0
39.5
40.0

8 5 . 5C
94.50
74.00

79.00
93.00
74.00

7 2 .5 0 - 95.50
7 7.5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
6 9 . 0 0 - 8 0 . 5C

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

117
95

39.5
39.5

99.50
101.50

98.00
100.50

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
91.5 0-10 7.5 0

_

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

243
1 36
107

39.5
40.0
39.5

82.00
85.00
78.50

80.00
84.50
76.00

7 2 .0 0 - 9 0.50
7 6 .5 0 - 9 4.50
6 9 .0 0 - 8 4.00

_

OFFICE GIRLS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

42
30

40.0
40.0

77.00
75.50

80.00
72.50

6 9.5 06 7 .5 0-

_

SECRETARIES 3 4 --------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5----------------------------

726
521
205
60

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.3

112.00

115.00
1 04.00
113.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A4-------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
80
27

39.5
40.0
39.3

130.00
131.50
126.50

SECRETARIES,

CLASS B4-------- ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

199

113.50
1 2 0 .0 0

87

39.5
40.0
39.0

105.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

203
157
46

3 9.5
40.0
39.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D4-------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

208
164
44

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5----------------------------

537
425

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

CLERKS,

60

and
und er
55

WOMEN -

$

$

55

PAYROLL -----------------------------------------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------- 1
------------------non manu fac tur ing

--------------------------------

m a nu fa c tur in g

-

1

3

_

_

5

-

-

8

7

9

5

19
3

-

2
2

5
5

6
6

1

11
11

13
13

-

-

2
2

19
6

21
12

2

8

5
_

14
4
10

13

9

6

5

6
3

15
15

29
18

8
8

30
25

4
4

5
5

28
19
9

16
14

11

8

9

12
11

6

12
6

2

2

1.

2

6

_

55
36
19
4

64
46
18

29
23

21
10

6

11
2

3

5
5
-

“

30

5

21

-

3
1

13
3

27
5

29

45

12

20

22

17

25

32
23
9

3
3

9

7

2

13

-

-

-

9

7

2

1

_

11
10
1
i

1
-

28

2

21

-

20
6

1
1

7

2

14

38
24
14

49
26
23

115.50

9 3 .5 0-13 0.5 0
9 7.5 0-13 4.0 0
8 7 .5 0-11 9.5 0
9 0.5 0-14 0.0 0

1

-

6

6

45
26
19
3

133.00
134.50
131.00

1 09 .00-149.50
1 0 5 .00 -1 55 .00
118 .50 -1 38 .50

-

-

-

-

i
-

-

“

3
3
“

4
4
-

12
12

114.50
124.00

-

-

-

-

6

7

-

-

4

1

-

2

6

19
5
14

15
7

1 0 2 .0 0

9 6.5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 02 .50-136.00
9C .0 0 -11 7.0 0

11
1
10

113.50
116.00
104.00

118.50
120.50
101.50

9 8 .5 0-13 0.5 0
1 0 3 .00 -1 33 .00
8 6 .0 0-12 6.0 0

6

39.5
39.5
38.0

99.00
102.50
87.00

97.00

8 4 .5 0-11 7.0 0
8 7.5 0-11 9.0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 9 5.00

_

1 0 1 .0 0

92.00
93.00
89.50
108.00

92.50
93.50
84.50
108.50

8 3.0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 4 .5 0-10 2.0 0
7 5.5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

41

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

394
329
65

39.5
40.0
39.0

107.50
108.50
102.50

1 1 0 .0 0
11 1.00

9 7.5 0-11 7.0 0
9 9 .0 0-11 7.0 0
9 3.5 0-11 6.0 0

_

112

112

1 1 5 . OC­
H S . 00
101.00

88.50

100.50

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

-

21
2

-

11
1C

1
-

-

1

1

5

-

_

17

-

6
6
-

6

25
17

11

8

-

-

-

-

-

8

47
32
15
14

24
24

11
11

“

4

~

6

5

7

25

-

5

16

6

3
2

11
6

9

5

8
-

21
12

9

20

19

19

7

16

19

9

5

8

a

2

4

-

10

7

8
6
2

26

13
18

23

26

14

17
£

2 3
6

14

21
19
2

5
4
1

13
13

17

3

_

_

-

17

3

-

-

-

~

“

-

5
-

_

_

-

2

77
16
9

-

24
14

20

16
14

12

5

17

4

5

10

3

2

11
1

82
64
18
-

64
54

47
44

111

105

31
18

3

13
10

3

1

6
6

10
3
7

~

12
10
2
2

17
14

10

69
65
4

3

7

5
5

20

16

32
23
9

46

44

92

34

29

28
27

9C

29
26

51
38

8
8

12
12

12

15

1

2

3

13

“

“

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

8
2
6

29

18

-

23
6

13

2 :
12
8

21

-

4

3
7

5
4
1

16
4

12

1

4

3

7

1

21

5

CLASS A --------

38

39.5

105.50

106.00

88.0 0-11 7.0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

9

-

4

2

3

5

6

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

84
30
54

39.0
39.5
39.0

82.50

86.50

16

3

9

-

-

12
6

3
3

6
6

6
6

2

-

1
1

6

-

1
-

8

1 0 2 .0 0

6
-

4

1 0 2 .0 0

72.00

67.50

6 3.5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
93.0 0-11 2.0 0
6 1 .0 0 - 87.00

6

4

16

3

9

1

~

6

“

~

166
104
62

3 9.5
40.0
39.5

78.50
7 8.50
78.50

79.50
79.00
77.50

71.0 07 2.0 069.5 0-

24
15
9

31

27
29
7

15
14

15

6

6

29

6

1

9

5

3
3

1
1

1

9
9

5
5
-

2

1
1

7
7
~

“

6
6

3
3

2

-

2
2
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4
-

1
1

1
1

“

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

4

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

"

8
8

-

-

1

1
1

5

10

14
14
-

12
3

5

-

-

93

-

38
33
5

15

9
5
4

-

-

6

2

-

64
52

-

12
6

6

7

9

-

53
22

6

1
2

75

-

1

2
-

2

-

1

14

“

-

-

1

1
-

-

-

4
4

1
-

10

-

-

8
8

9

1

4
4

8 4 . 5C
86.50

22

-

-

-

16
5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS.

See fo o t n o t e s

at end o f ta b le .




8 7.00
8 6.00
91.00

_

11

5

22

-

11

1

~

~

4

9
13

11

3
5

2

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h ou r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a re a b a s is
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , T o l e d o , Oh io— i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o cc u pa t io n , and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Numbe r o f w o rk e r s rece:iving strai ght - t i m e w e e k l y ea rn i n gs o f —
S

$

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

83

85

90

95

10C

1C 5

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

60

65

70

75

80

B5

9G

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

over

3

1

9

2

2

7

1

6

1

~

4

12

5

1

_

_

3
3

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
und er
55

WOMEN -

$

l

50
M ean 13
24
5

$

and

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACNINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

$

$

$

33

3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

$

87
49
38

3 9 .5

6 3 .5 0 -

7 7 .5 0

_

4 0 .3
3 9 .5

7 1 . 0C
6 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

6 8 .5 0

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

7 0 .0 0
6 7 . 50

6 3 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 -

8 0 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

*

8
4
4

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 33
215

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 8 .3 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

_

-

TYPISTS, CLASS 0 -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------------------

353

3 9 .0
4C . 0

7 2 .0 0
7 4 . 50

6 5 .0 0 -

8 2 .0 0

150

6 7 .5 0 -

8 6 .0 0

203
36

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

7 0 .5 0
8 4 . DC

6 4 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 -

7 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

fRANSCRIB INC,-MACHINE OPERATORS,

7 4 .5 0
7 8 .C - C
7 2 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

21
13
8

22
8
14

13
8
5

~

-

-

5

1

14
14

15
14

76
76

23
21
2

17
3
14

12
7
5

14

1

1

_

3
1

16
13

21
20

16

“
-

_

4

10
3
7

76
22
54

60
24
36

74
28
46

26
8

44
23

18

3

2

2

21
13

12

-

1

14
13

5
5

26
26

18
12

2

4

2

4

6
6

2

1
1

1
1

1

2

1

-

-

-

“

~

“

1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e their r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to these w ee kl y hour s.
2 The m ea n is co m p u t ed f o r e a ch jo b by totaling the e a rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and di vid ing by the nu m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s iti o n — ha lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than
the rate sho wn ; ha lf r e c e i v e le s s than the rate shown.
The m id dl e range is def ine d by 2 ra t e s of pay; a four th of the w o r k e r s ea rn le s s than the l o w e r of th es e ra te s and a fou rt h e a r n m o r e than the
higher rate.
3 M a y incl ud e w o r k e r s ot he r than tho se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y.
4 D e s c r i p t i o n f o r this o c c u p a t io n has be e n r e v i s e d s i n ce the last s u r v e y in this a rea .
See ap pendix A.
5 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h er pu bli c u til iti e s.




9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v er a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is i o n , T o le d o , Oh io— i ch . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)

Nu m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g straight - t i m e w e e k l y ea rn in gs of—
$

$

$

$

$

(

$

$

$

$

$

i

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

15 C

160

170

183

190

2 C0

210

220

90

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u st r y d i v i s i o n

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

183

190

200

210

220

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

1

•

2
2

4
4

25
25

2C

1

18

6
3

“

7
7

-

14

22

13

28
18

17

16
16

9

10

12
6

20

“

21
9

25
25

16
16

4
4

11
11

12
12

2

1
1

1

ft

l

-

-

-

2

1

8

1

6
6

4
4

2

2
l

i

85
M ean 13
2

Median

2

Middle range

2

and
under

and

MEN

MANUFACTURING —

106

40.0
40.0

$
$
$
$
1 8 5 . CC 1 7 2 . 5 0 1 5 8 . 0 0 - 2 1 2 . 5 0
1 85 .50 170.00 1 5 7 . 5 0 -2 1 3 . 0 0

DRAFTSMFN« CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING -•

215
171

4 C .3
40.0

1 4 2 . CC 1 3 9 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 . 0 0
1 4 5 . 5 0 1 4 4 . 0C 1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 6 3 . 5 0

_

_

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

128
90

4 0.0
40.0

114.00 1 1 2 . 0 0
1 1 7 . 0C 1 1 3 . 0 0

1 01 .00-125.00
1 34 .00-131.50

4
4

59
57

40.0
43.0

1 2 2 . 0C
121.50

1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 3 6 . GO
138 .53 -1 35 .50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A

112

-

-

“

-

1
1

9

7
7

21
1C

5

14

11

22

14

6

6

2

8

13

20

8

1

2

5
5

13
12

2

12
12

1
1

9

9

1

26

315

26

15

-

~

~

-

-

-

1
1

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1
to t hes e
2
3

121.00
121.00

Stan dar d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e their r e g u l a r
w e e k l y ho u r s .
5
^
F o r de fi ni tio n of t e r m s , se e footno te 2, table A - l .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 2 4 0 to $ 2 5 0 .




1
1

s t r a i g h t - t im e

salaries

7
7

2

3
3

2

,

(e x cl u si v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s ) , and the earni ngs co r re sD o nd

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

Number
of
workers

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CO NTINUED
<
t
■
P

BILLERS, MACHINE I BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

58
38

4 0.0
40.0

$
90.50
96.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------

45
28

39.5
40.0

9 4.50
103.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING--------------------------------

133
63
70

39.5
40.0
39.5

84.50
9 3 . 0C
79.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

239
170
69

39.5
39.5
3 9.5

116.50
123.50
1 0 0 . OC

40.0
39.5
40.0

86.5 0
9 1.00
8 1.00

1 04
31
73

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

7 3.50
84.50
69.00

727
521
206
61

39.5
4 0.0
3 9.0
4 0.0

112.00
115.00
104.00
113.50

FILE,

CLASS C ---------------------------

52

3 9.5

107
80
27

39.5
40.0
39.0

130.00
131.50
126.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

112
87

40.0
39.0

120.00
1 C 5. 5 0

203
157
46

3 9.5
40.0
39.0

113.50
116.00
104.00

39.5

----------------------------------------

2 08
164
44

99.00
:102 .5C
87.00
38.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------------

541
425
116
45

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

92.50
93.00
90.5 0
109.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

395
330
65

3 9.5
40.0
39.0

107.50
1 0 8 . 5C

----------

38

39.5

105.50

SWITCH80ARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

84
30
54

39.0
39.5
3 9.0

82.50
102.00
7 2 . CC

166
1 04
62

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

78.50
78.50
78.50

-----------------------------------------------------------

SECRETARIES,

CLASS A4 ---------------------------------

——-

-----------------------------------------

CLASS C

u l i ir A » i n N r
r f la VtU r A tf T Ui K ln i b

4 0.0
40.0

$
136.00
1 36.00

87
59
28

39.5
39.5
4 0.0

113.50
1 19.50
1 0 1 . OC

35
25

40.0
4 0.0

9 1 . 5C
89.50

87
49
38

39.5
40.0
3 9.5

71.00
6 9.50
72.50

-------------------------------------------------

239
215

40.0
40.0

96.50
9 6.00

-------------------------------------------------

3 54
150
204
37

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5

7 4 . 50
7 8 . 0C
7 2 . CC
83.50

--------------------------------------------------

112
106

40 • 0 1 8 5 . 0 0
40.0 185.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

216
171

40.0
4 0.0

142.00
1 45.50

n n A C 1 on C N
U o A r T C MC I M i

-------------------------------------------------

128
90

4 0.0
4 0.0

1 14.00
1 17.00

-----------------------------------------------

49

40.0

9 0.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

61
59

40.0
40.0

1 22.50
122.50

---------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

Kin MU AMM C A T T n n T M/*

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE OPERATORS*
GENERAL ————————— —

<* r rn r r *n r r c
ri A rc Q 4
o tu n c !A K Ito i
I L moo O
HA N U r A U 1 U K i N b
*

SECRETARIES,

26
26

MANUFACTURING

4--------------------------------

----------------------------------------

y A Ml I C A CT l I D TMC

NONMANUFACTURING
TYPISTS,

CLASS A

-----------------------------------------

M A INUr A t TlUf t l n l b
IIC! AT 1 l K f ki r
n AM

TYPISTS, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING

6 7 . 50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

148
114
34

40 .0
4 0.0
3 9.5

9 0.00
9 3.50
77.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 1 3
2 ---------------------------

2 57
184
73
25

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

1 C 0. 5 C
1C5.00
89.00
106.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D 4-------------------------------P AiNUr- A L » U K l l Nu
"

^

AW1MM A M il C A T Tl IU D TWC
l\UB|nAI NUr ML I ^ l n u

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

110
61
49

40.0
39.5
4 0.0

8 5 . 5C
9 4.50
74.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

117
95

39.5
39.5

99.50
1 01.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

243
136
107

39.5
40.0
39.5

82.00
8 5 . 0C
78.50

1 0 2 . 5C

------------------------------------------------m UIN i u tni i i ri o r T Um 1 n r ———————————————
INr a n r l U A t f i n i NO

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECH NI CA L
OCCUPATIONS

HD A C T C M C M

r i ACC

MANUFACTURING
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS A

fclDklU AKIIIC Ar 1 U n 1 N o
N l p J ^ A N U r 0 U Ti l K T Mr* ——— ——

—

n Aj C
t L A Co

MANUFACTURING
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s
c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y ho ur s.
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er pu bl ic u til iti e s.
3 M a y in clude w o r k e r s other than tho se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .
4 D e s c r i p t i o n f o r this o cc u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d si n ce the las t s u r v e y in this a re a . See ap pen dix A.




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS,

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CO NT IN UE D

39.5

NCNMANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

Number
of

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

SECRETARIES3 4

3 49
186
163

39.5

7 4 . 5C
72.00
7 8.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS ---------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

109
70
39

Average

O cc up a tio n and in d u st r y d i v i s i o n

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

A

r
t

(e x cl u si v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn i n g s

1
1
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings1

$
M ean13 Median 2
24

Middle range 2

Under2
t
and
2 . 4 0 under
2.50

-

-

-

6
6

_

8
8

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 9

$
3 .2 0

%
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

%
3 .5 0

$
3.6 0

$
3.70

$
3 .80

$
3 .9 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3.80

3 .90

4 . GO 4 . 1 0

2
2

5
1

1
-

-

-

3
3

4
4

3
-

8
8

4

*

9
6

17
17

-

_
-

_
~

24
22
2
“

5
4
1
1

15
15
-

18
14
4
“

97
97
-

42
41
1
1

34
30
4
-

11
10
1
1

75
75
-

7C
69
1

90
55
35
35

19
19
-

_

6
6

12
12

_

“

2
2

7
2

6
6

8
8

5
5

1
-

8
8

12
12

50
5C

1
1

8
8

12
9

3
3

4
-

4
-

3
3

_

8
8

_

24
24

8
8

_

9
4

7
7

-

_

11

6
3

2

60
60

10
10

_

$
3 .4 8 3 .5 5 -

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 ----------------------------

533
463
70
59

3 .6 1
3 .5 5
4 .0 3
4 .1 6

3. 71
3 .5 9
3.96
3 .9 8

3 .3 6 - 3.9 0
3 .3 5 - 3 .8 4
3 .9 1 - 4 .6 2
3 .9 3 - 4 .6 3

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

135
126

3 .5 8
3 .6 2

3.78
3. 81

3 .2 7 3 .3 5 -

3 .3 6
3 .8 7

-

3
“

FIRFMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

104
86

3.1 3
3 .1 5

3 .3 6
3 .4 5

2 .7 4 2 .7 2 -

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

14
4 12

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

132
116

3.0 2
3 .0 6

3 .0 6
3 .0 7

3 .0 0 3 .0 2 -

3 .1 7
3 .2 8

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

214
214

3 .9 C
3 .9 0

3.92
3.9 2

3 .8 4 3 .8 4 -

4 .0 2
4 .0 2

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

266
259

3 .7 1
3.7 1

3.90
3 .9 C

3 .4 6 3 .4 6 -

3 .9 9
3 .9 9

7
7

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AI NTE NA NCE !------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

258
131
127
120

3 .4 0
3 .4 5
3.35
3 .3 8

3.41
3.40
3 .5 1
3 .5 2

3 .1 4 3 .2 5 3 .0 7 3 .0 9 -

3.7 2
3 .7 6
3 .5 9
3 .6 0

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

530
512

3 .3 6
3 .3 5

3 . 24
3. 23

3 .0 4 3 .0 5 -

3 .7 4
3 .7 3

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

337
337

3.5 9
3 .5 9

3.66
3 .6 6

3 .3 1 3 .3 1 -

3.80
3.8 0

-

OILERS ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------- ---------------

83
83

2.99
2.99

3 . 12
3 . 12

2 .7 4 2 .7 4 -

3.2 2
3.22

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

47
42

3 .4 1
3.47

3 .5 4
3.58

3 .1 5 3 .1 7 -

3.73
3.7 6

1

PIP EF ITT ER S, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

192
190

3.57
3. 58

3 .6 9
3.6 9

3 .2 4 3 .2 4 -

3 .9 3
3 .9 3

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

42
37

3 .6 9
3 . 76

3 .7 8
3.8 9

3 .4 9 3 .6 6 -

3 .9 5
3.95

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

636
636

3.89
3 . 89

3 .9 1
3 .9 1

3 .7 2 3 .7 2 -

4 .0 8
4 .0 8

-

_

9
9
_

_

_

_

~

-

-

_

$
$
4.CC 4 . 1 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

-

21
21
21

-

-

-

29
29

6
6

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

5
5

14
14

69
69

51
51

59
59

7
7

_

-

24
24

17
17

9
9

3
3

28
28

71
71

62
57

-

-

_

_

~

”

~

“

45
9
36
36

7
1
6
6

29
25
4
4

12
12
12

21
21
-

3

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

66
66

13
12

43
43

27
27

_

_

6

_

-

_

-

“

_

_

"

”

1
t

2
2

3
2

18
17

4
4

17
17

17
9
8
8

14
14
14

17
8
9
9

31
13
18
18

15
6
9
6

31
31

8
8

-

-

24
24

107
1C7

26
26

42
42

30
39

-

18
18

8
8

80
80

51
51

17
17

64
64

7
6

7
7

4
4

3
3

5
5

_

-

6
6

-

24
23

71
71

-

6
6

6
6

1
1

18
18

_

71
71

79
79

85
85

127
127

48
48

_

_

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_

“

8
8

12
12

14
14

53
53

37
30

_

-

_

-

2
2

_

_

~

“

51
51

29
29

18
18

17
17

2
2

-

7
7

21
21

24
24

_

_

-

_
-

1
1

2

7
7

7
7

11
11

_

1
1

2

-

3
3

-

-

_

-

_

_

“

3
2

11
11

3
3

_

*
-

9
9

5
5

12
12

11
10

29
29

2
2

23
23

_

3
3

_

3
3

60
60

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

4
2

3
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

_

5
5

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and for w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and late shi fts.
F o r d ef in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and other publ ic ut ilities.
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1.80 to $ 1.90.




*

$
2.90

$
3 .7 6
3.8 5

5
5

4.4 0

$
2 .8 0

$
3.6 4
3 .7 1

_

4 .3 0

$
2 .7 0

56
41

12
12

$
$
$
4 .3 0 4.4 0 4.60

$
2 .6 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

$
3 .9 2
3 .9 4

$
4 .2 0

$
2.5 0

o
00
f\
l

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

4
4

-

4
-

4
4

4
_

*
*

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

120
120

-

-

31
31

_

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io— i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
Hourly eanrings2
$
1.50

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

588
315
273

$
2,34
2.7 4
1 .8 7

$
2.41
2 .8 2
1 .7 7

$
1 .8 0 2 .5 9 1 .5 9 -

$
2 .8 7
2 .9 6
1.97

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING------------------ -------------

241

2 .8 4

2.91

2 .7 5 -

$
1.6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
l.a o

$
1.9 0

1.6 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du str y d i v is i o

Number
of
workers

1 .7 0

1.8 0

1.9C

2.00

74
74

45
45

27

46

24

34

38
38

-

12

Un der
$
and
1 . 50 un d er

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ■
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4- -------------------

2

2.42

2 . 39

2 .2 3 -

2 .6 6

-

-

-

3

-

-

2 .4 5
2.6 1
1.99
2 .6 0

2.5 7
2 .7 3
1 .9 5
2 .6 4

2 .1 3 2 .3 5 1 .7 3 2 .4 8 -

2 .8 1
2 .9 1
2 .3 1
2 .7 2

32
32
”

32

33
18
15

37

39

88

2

11

35
”

28
~

18
70

4 10
103

LA8CRFRS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

2

2.22

2

1 .7 6
. 28

1 .7 2 1 .6 0 -

1 .8 7
2.73

30
3

32
24

1 ,3 4 6
9 22
4 24
225

2 .7 2
2 .6 3
2 . 91
3 .2 5

2.31
2.6 2
3 .0 1
3 . 33

2 .4 0 2 .3 4 2 .8 0 3 .2 9 -

3.05
2.8 9
3 .3 4
3 .3 7

6
6

8

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

517
326
191

2 .8 1

2 .9 7
3.0 3
2 .9 0

-

-

-

2 .6 9

2 .7 3 2 .8 0 2 .7 1 -

-

2.88

2.85
2.8 7
2.7 8

”

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

443
4 29

2.9 0
2 .91

2 .9 0
2.9 2

2 .8 1 2 .8 2 -

3 .1 1
3 .1 1

_

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

103
ICO

2 .2 3
2.2 5

2
2

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

101

2 .86

69
32

2 .9 5

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

102

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

124

TRUCKDRIVERS5 --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PURL IC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




1.8 5

2.66

2 .6 6 2 .7 6 2 .4 1 -

3 .1 0
3 .1 8
3 .0 6

3 .0 4
3 .0 8

3 .1 3
3 .1 7

2 .7 4 2 .8 3 -

3 .3 2
3.3 3

_

2 .9 2
2.9 4

2 .9 4
2 .9 5

2 .7 6 2 .7 8 -

3.0 5
3 .0 5

-

111

1,306
558
748
555

3 .1 3
3 .0 5
3 . 19
3.2 9

3 .2 C
3.2 1
3 .1 9
3.41

2 .8 8 2 .8 2 3 .1 1 3 .1 5 -

3.4 1
3 .2 7
3 .4 4
3 .4 6

223
81
142
&3

2 .5 6
2 .7 0

3.03
3. 22
2 .9 2
3.09

2 .4 6
3 . CO

3 .1 1
3.31
2 .8 9
3 .0 2

2 .4 2 2 .2 2 -

2 .8 2 3 .1 6 2 .7 9 2 .8 6 -

2.5 9
3.05

3.3 1
3 .3 6
3 .1 4
3 .4 3

2.5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0

2.80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3.40

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

over

6

22

22

2C

84
75
9

13
13
“

1
1

-

-

~

“

25
25
~

10
10

11

48
39
9

-

1

29
26
3

58
47

2

17
13
4

-

12
1^

11
10

10

-

“

_

~

l

13

10

37

38

75

13

1

25

10

-

-

-

-

_

6

12

14

9

-

9

16

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

88
6 2

63
56
7
~

117
92
25

30
19

55
53

275
272

_

6

_

-

L

-

-

-

2

3

-

6
_

-

8
8

1

-

-

-

_
-

3

54
35
19
19

2 39
2 31

6

94
76
18
5

2

3

-

“

“

_

12
12

5
5

7
4

19
15

10
1C

2

-

2

-

-

-

66

115
114

64
35
29
15

31
25

119

66

44
42

6

-

-

-

_
-

26
26

5
5

“

27

65
63

71
70

77
76

19
12

27
27
“

28
28
-

9
9
-

1

-

2

~

5
5

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

62
4
-

14

-

8

6
8

-

-

32
32
”

29
13
16

16
16
~

~

3
3

14
14

-

2
2

52
52

-

16
lo

-

60
60

-

6
6

-

-

”

-

“

4
4

2
1
1

9
5
4

5
4

20

7

1

-

_
-

-

~

3
3

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

_
-

_

_

~

-

~

2

_

_
-

_

“

-

-

“

-

2

3

5

8

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

7

7
5
_
-

1

3
3
11

1

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

36

83
83
-

_

68

61
15
46

8

12

-

126
126

66
66

41
41

92
92

8
8

9
9

1
1

-

-

3
3
-

6
6

10
10

13
13

24
24

5
5

2
1

2
2

-

2 44
15
229
196

252
22 4
28
-

48
44
4
~

328
16
312
312

-

12

1C

17
7

9

10

-

10

3

12
12

7
3

6
6

13
13

_

24
24

7
7

33
33

58
27
31
5

1 7?
98
74

12
10

52

2
2

42
19

-

2

~

“

77
74
3

12
12

4
4
-

4
4

_
-

2

~
4
4

74
~

5
”

3
3

_
-

_

2.1

4
4
-

8

2

5

“

30
6

24

37
37
20

2
1

25
21

10

19
19

3
?

21

-

21

9

6

2

_

_

-

-

_

_

11
1

2

4
4

-

5

6

-

121

2

11
6

-

1

9
4

102

4
4
~

6

7
4

166
166

10

5

6

_

_

166

157

5
5

2

66

82
14

-

“

4

-

17
-

-

4
4

260
157
103

-

38
28
27

1

4

75

_

?

2

8

1
1

1

-

-

“

_

2

-

_

-

1

8

*

-

11

2
1

-

2

“

1

18
15

R

_

26

4
4

-

-

1

-

8

7

9

43
28
15
3

-

-

$
3 .6 0

2 .4 0

1

-

$
3 .5 0

2 .3 0

33

-

t
3 .4 0

2 .2 0

-

2

S
3 .3 0

10

-

2 .9 1
2 .9 4
2.7 7

131
38

.
.

-

2.20
2.20

2
2

.

221

-

1112-

94

. 16
. 16

1

2

2
1

-

_

$
3.20

6

74

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WCM FN ) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / ’ TONS) ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

12

1,326
981
345
52

30
“

$
3 .1 0

and

2 .9 9

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2

-

Nu m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iving s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r l y e a rn i n g s of—
S
S
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
S
t
2.0 0
2 . 1 0 2 .2 C 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0
2 . 7 0 2 . 80 2 •9 C 3 . 0 0

_

46
13
33

_

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

3
3
~

2
2

4
4

_

9
9

_

_

1

~

12

38
38

-

-

12

25
25

-

_
“

-

_
-

3
3

“
18
4
14
14

16
16

1
1

-

-

“

”

_
“

_
-

-

”

1
1
-

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A ve r ag e s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du str y d i v is io n, T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
Hourly earnings1
2

N u m b e r of work e: rs r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly e a rn in gs of—
$
%
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 - 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0

$
1.50

$
1 .6 0

i
1.7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1.90

1 .6 0

1.70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . DC 2 . 1 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

28
28

3

3

Number

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

TRUCKDRIVERS5

of
workers

Mean3

M edian3

Middle range3

Under
and
$
1 . 5 0 under

570
38
532
49 0

$
3 .2 8
3.1 8
3 .2 8
3 .3 2

$
3 .4 1
3 . 27
3 .4 1
3.4 2

$
3 .1 5 3 .0 4 3 .1 5 3 .1 6 -

$
3.46
3.55
3.45
3.4 6

TRUCKFRS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

918
869

2 .7 7
2.76

2 . 80
2 .7 9

2 .5 7 2 .5 7 -

3.0 0
3.00

_

_

~

$
3 .4 0

$
S
3 . 50 3 . 6 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0 over

and

~

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------------------------------

71

2 .8 2

2 . 85

2 .8 1 -

2 .8 9

-

3
4
5

$
$
3 . 20 3 .3 C

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

86
86

-

10

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 C

-

7
7

-

-

-

2
2

l
36

30
30

94
86

63
63

140
140

139
123

94
7*

45

2

3.0C

3.1 0

3.40

C O NT IN UE D

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------------

1
2

$
3 .1 0

Data l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t he rw is e ind i c a ted.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w ee ke nd s, ho l id a y s , and late shifts.
F o r de fi ni tio n of t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and other pu bli c util iti es.
In cl u de s all d r i v e r s , as de fi ned , r e g a r d l e s s of si ze and type of tr uc k op e r at e d .




~

4

6
4
2
2

37

198
2
196
196

8
8
-

4
4
-

292
29?
292

1C 4
1C 4

59
59

52
52

9
3

~

4

-

16
16
-

~

-

3
3

14
B.

E stab lish m en t P ra ctices and Supplem entary W a g e P rov ision s

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for W o m en Office W orkers

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
Other in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e rie n ce d typists
Manufacturing
M inim um w eekly straigh t-tim e sa la ry 1

M anufacturing

N o n m a n u f a c tu r i n g
All
in d u s t r i e s

B a se d on standard w eekly hou rs 3 of—

All
in dustries

All
schedules

All
schedules

40

40

N on m a nufactu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of- —
All
schedules

All
schedules

40

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ___________________________________________

139

67

XXX

72

XXX

139

67

XXX

72

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ---------------------------

49

32

27

17

14

59

40

34

19

16

u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 70. 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 72. 5 0 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 77. 5 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 80. 0 0 .............................. ............................. ..................................
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 85. 0 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------o v e r _____________________________________________________________

2
4
9
5
2
4
5
4
1
2
4
2
5

1
3
5
2
4
4
4

1
3
4
2
4
4
3

1
4
6
-

1
2
5
-

3
6
13
5
2
5
7
4
2
1

2
1
7
5
2
5
4
4

2
1
7
4
2
5
4
3

1
5
6
-

1
3
5
-

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m -----------------------E s ta b lish m en ts w h ic h did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

$ 55. 00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 8 0.00
$ 82. 50
$ 8 5 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

6

2

4

2
1

1
4

11

XXX

17

XXX

24

XXX

38

XXX

-

-

1
4

1
1

-

-

4

28

62

1

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




-

-

3

3

-

-

-

-

2

2

1
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

4

4

-

41

15

XXX

26

XXX

39

12

XXX

27

XXX

standard w o r k w e e k s .




15

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g pl a nt w o r k e r s b y t y p e o f a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h , , F e b r u a r y 1967)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f o r m a l
p rov ision s 1 for—

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d sh i ft
w ork

T h ird o r other
s h i ft w o r k

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g on —

S e c o n d s h i ft

T h ird o r other
s h i ft

T o t a l ____________________________________________________

95.0

8 9.1

22.3

8.7

W i t h s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________

91.0

86.9

21.3

8 .2

76.4

71.4

18.3

7.3

9 .5
13.8
2.9
4 .5
5 .3
6 .3
1.7
9 .7
8.0
_
13.7

1.5
1.2
3.2
6 .7
9.6
9 .9
9.8
6 .0

1.1
-

1.5
1 5.4

-

1.1

___

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ______________________
5 c e n t s _______________________ ___ _________ ___
6 c e n t s ______________________ ________________
6 V2 c e n t s _________________________ ____
_
7 c e n t s ___________________ _
__ _ _
7 V2 c e n t s ___________ ______ _ _ _ ------------------------8 c e n t s _____________________ ________________
9 c e n t s ______________________________ __________
10 c e n t s _______________________________________
12 c e n t s ____________________________________
_____ _ _________
_
14 c e n t s _______________
15 c e n t s __________ ________ _____ _ _________ ___
16 c e n t s _____________________________________
18 c e n t s ____________________
__ _____ _____ __
20 c e n t s ____________
________________________
2 9 V 3 c e n t s __________
___ _____ ___________ _

5.5

.4
.2

1.7
4 .0
.6
1.7
2.1
1.2
.2
2 .4
2.5
1.7
.1
-

(1
2)
.2
1.9
.1
1.4
1.1
.6
-

.1
1.1
.1

-

__________

10.7

4 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
5 p e r c e n t _________________ ______ ____________
10 p e r c e n t ________________
__________________
15 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

1.7
8.7

F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _____________

2.2

2.2

1.8

2.6

.5

3.9

2.2

1.1

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _______________

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l . ________________
W i t h n o s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________

1 Includes establishm ents c u r r e n tly op eratin g
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te
2 L e s s than 0 .05 p e r c e n t .

.3
-

la te s h i f t s ,
shifts.

10.7

2 .4

_

.2

1.7
8.7

.9

.1

2.2
.1

.8

.3

-

and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

.P

covering

la t e

shifts

16
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pl a nt and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
M
P la nt w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork er s

W eekly hours
All in du stries 1
2

Manufacturing

100

P u blic u t il it i e s 3

A l l w o r k e r s ........ .......... .................................................. .......... -

100

U n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------- —
3 7 V2 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 40 h o u r s -------------------------------40 h o u r s ________________________________________________
43 h o u r s ______________________________________ _________
44 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 44 h o u r s _________________________ ______________

1
3
7
84
1

( 5)
1
10
85

96

2

-

2

1

-

( 5)

4

3

All in dustries 4

100

100

-

6

5
5
83
_
(5 )

M anufacturing

100

100

5
4

1
_

92

99

-

_
_

-

1 S c h e d u l e d h o u r s a r e the w e e k l y h o u r s w h i c h a m a j o r i t y o f the f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t he y w e r e pa id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e
2 I n c l u d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .




P ublic utilities 3

rates.

17
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1 967)
O ffice w o rk e rs

P la nt w o r k e r s
Item
A l l in d u s t r i e s 1

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa i d h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d h o l i d a y s _____________________________________

M anufacturing

P u blic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

All in du stries 3

Manufacturing

Public u til it i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

98

100

99

100

100

4

2

~

(4)
28
(4)
3
11
2
2

_

_

19
1
4
10
2
1

19
-

-

-

14
3
33
“

8
5
47
"

(4 )

"

N umber of days

5 h o l i d a y s _________ ____________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s _______________________________ ____ __________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ___________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ----------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ___________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 4 h a l f d a y s ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________________________ ________ - -------- ---------8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
9 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
10 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________

-

24
-

50
-

7
~

(4)
34
(4)
3
6
1
1

.

16
(4)

4
5

16
-

19

(4 )

-

-

22
4
27
2

27
4
41
1

39
19
6
■

2
33
56
57
66
66
99

1
46
74
74
84
84
100
100

25
64
64
84
84
100
100

( 4)

1

T otal h oliday tim e 5

10 d a y s __________________________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e _____ ___________________ _____________
8 d a y s o r m o r e --------- -------------------------------------------l l/ z

days or m o re

____________________________________

7 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________ ________ ____ ___
d a y s o r m o r e ____________________ ______________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e _______________ ___ _________________

_

36
52
54
67
67
96
96

_
52
61
64
78
79
98
98

_
7
57
57
81
81
100
100

99

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and ha lf d a y s that add to the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s
n o h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 fu l l d a y s and 4 h a l f d a y s , and s o on .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e the n c u m u l a t e d .




_

t h o s e with 9 f u l l d a y s

and

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
O ffice w o rk e rs

P la n t w o r k e r s
V acation p o lic y
All in du stries 2

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

M anufacturing

P ublic u tilities 3

All in d u stries 4

M a nufacturing

P u blic utilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
66
33
-

98
53
45
-

100
95
5
-

99
97

100
96
4
-

99
99
-

Method of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pai d v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------------O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________

3
-

?

( 5)

25
6
1

35
5
2

11
52
6
( 5)

17
61
8
( 5)

70
11
11
7
( 5)

62
15
11
10
( 5)

88
12
-

30
1
64
2
3

22
1
69
3
4

69
31

-

-

-

-

48
12
30
8

51
17
18
11
_

46
4
48
2

12
4
80
2
3

13
1
77
3
5

16
28
56
_
_

-

-

"

-

_
98

1
7
82
3
3
3

( 5)
11
73
5
5
4

( 5)

Amount of vacation p a y 6
A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________ _______________ __________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
A fter 1 year of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________ _______________ _____
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

-

A fter 2 y e a r s of s e r v ice
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________ _____
4 w e e k s __________________________ ____________________

( 5)
( 5)

( 5)

A fter 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________ _______________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s ___________________ ____ __________ ____________

13
26
46
9
4

18
38
24
12
6

-

2

-

-

-

( 5)

( 5)

-

-

-

13
22
47
12
4
-

17
31
26
17
6
-

_
98
2
-

1
7
82
3
4
3

( 5)
11
73
5
6
4

( 5)

( 5)

-

"

3
_
96
-

-

A fter 4 years of se r vice
1 w e e k ___________________________________________ _____
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________ —

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




3
96
■

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations'---- Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
Office w o r k e r s

P la nt w o r k e r s
V a ca tion policy
A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

M anufacturing

P u blic utilities 3

All in dustries 4

M anufacturing

P u b l i c u t il it i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t i n u e d

A fter 5 y e ars of s e r v ice
1 w e e k _________ _______________ ______________ _______
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------ -------------------- —
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______ ______ — ------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------- --------------4 w e e k s _________ _ _____________ ________ _______

1
6
59
14
11
7

1
9
45
19
13
10

.
98
2
-

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)
31
11
38
17
3

_
97
3
-

( 5)
7
76
3
11
3

( 5)
11
66
5
14
4

-

-

-

_
34
15
22
23
3

_
21
79
-

( 5)
30
3
58
2
8

_

_

30
4
53
3
10

13
86
-

11
42
16
4

_
32
15
24
22
5

2
5
93
-

_
28
4
55
3
10

_
1
99
-

-

( 5)
27
3
61
2
8

( 5)
7
8
54
12
16
2

_
6
11
42
17
20
2

_
100
-

( 5)
8
7
69
3
13

_
1
99
-

( 5)

_
8
11
57
4
19
( 5)

( 5)
6
8
32
12
37
4

_
5
11
32
16
28
5

_
4
96

( 5)
7
7
33
2
47
4

_
7
11
20
4
53
5

_
1
3
96

( 5)
6
1
25
13
43
10

5
2
28
18
31
14

( 5)
7
24
1
61
7

7
21
1
63
9

1
3
96

"

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _ ----------------------------------- --- --------------- -------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________ __________________
3 w e e k s ___
____
___ _ _
_
__ --------------------- ------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________ _____________
4 w e e k s ----------- --------------------- -----------------------------------

-

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------- ----------- -----3 w e e k s _____
__ __ —
--------__ _ — ----------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 weeks
____ ____ - _ - —_ _ _
_ _ _ ---------------

( 5)
26

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ________
__ ----------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------- -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________ _______
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________ ________ _
_
4 w e e k s ------ -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------- ----------------------------------

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________
________________
2 w e e k s _ _____ ________ __ ----- --------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________ _ _____________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 weeks
_____ _______ _____ — _____ —
-- O v e r 4 w e e k s _______________ _____________ __________

-

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------ --------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----__ _ ------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




4
96

-

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)

Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries 1
2

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

7
24
1
60
8

_
7
_
21
1
63
9

1
_
3
_
88
8

( 5)
7
24

.
7
_
21

Amount of vacation pay6— Continued
After 30 years of service
1 week_________ ______ ____________ _
---------------2 w eeks___________________________ — --------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s________________________
3 w eeks____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s________________________
4 w eeks____________________________________________
Over 4 weeks______________________________________

( 5)

6
1
25
13
42
11

_
5
2
28
18
30
15

_
-

2
-

91
7

( 5)

Maximum vacation available
1 week---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks------------------------------------------ ----------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_______________________
3 w eek s-------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s________________________
4 w eeks_____________________________________________
Over 4 weeks____________________________ __________

( 5)
6

1
25
13
42
11

_
5
2
28
18
30
15

_
-

2
-

1

1

91

58
10

63

7

9

1
_
3
_
69
26

1 Includes b a s ic plans only.
E x c l u d e s pl a n s su c h as v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s and t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s
of s e r v ic e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in the s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s tha n 0.5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e o f ann ual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f an nual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k ' s pa y.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n and d o no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y
or m o r e after 5 y e a r s include those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e after fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v i c e .




21
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f pl an t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
he a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , 1 T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

Type of benefit
All in dustries 1
2

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities 3

All in dustries 4

Manufacturing

Public u t il it i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _________________________________ ______ —
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5_____________________________

97

97

99

99

100

98

80

87

46

78

94

40

94

97

73

86

96

79

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
S i c k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y and n o
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) __________________________ ____
Sick leave (p artial pay or
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________

88

95

23

68

90

9

6

4

28

59

72

47

5

1

22

6

-

26

99
99
86
33
90

100
100
96
72
71

98
98
95
78
91

99
99
99
87
61

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________ ______________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _____________________ _____
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ____________________ ____ _____
N o h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p la n .........

98
97
80
33
85
( 6)

98
97
90
76
87
( 6)

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t il it i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k l e a v e pl a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t
the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .




22

Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents
(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing health insurance benefits
covering employees and their dependents, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , February 1967)
O ffice w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Type o f b e n e fit, c o v e r a g e ,

and f i n a n c in g 1
All in du stries 1
2

P ublic u t il it i e s 3

M anufacturing

All in dustries 4

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y ___________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ------------------------------------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ____________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s and t h e i r
d e p e n d e n t s ____________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ___________________________
E m p lo y e r finan ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s _______

98
11
11
(5 )

99
3
3
-

100
2
2

98
13
12
1

98
2
2
-

99
9
2
6

87
65
20

96
70
23

98
69
29

84
50
31

96
53
38

91
67
24

2

3

-

3

5

S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y ___________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ____________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s and t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s ___________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d __________
— __ ----J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d . ----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r finan ced for e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s -----------

97
11
10
1

99
3
1
1

100
2
2

97
13
12
1

98
2
2
(5 )

99
9
2
6

86
64
20

96
70
23

98
69
29

84
50
31

96
53
38

91
67
24

3

5

96
2
2

90
12
11
1

95
2
2
-

99
9
2
6

93
65
29

78
38
37

93
41
47

91
67
24

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g ;

M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y ----------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ____________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s and t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s ____________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ____________________________
E m p lo y e r finan ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ----------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ___________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y ___________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ------------------------------------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ____________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s and t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s ___________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ------------------------------------J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ____________________________
E m p lo y e r finan ced for e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s -----------

2

3

80
4
4

86

(5 )

76
50
24

1
1
85
53
29

,

l

2

3

3

5

33
1
1
-

33
-

72
-

76
11
10
1

78
3
3
-

87
9
9

32
13
18

33
9
23

72
59
13

65
19
39

75
17
52

78
59
19

1

1

7

6

1 Includes plans for which at least a p a r t of the co st is borne by the em pl oy er .
See footnote 1, table B - 6 .
An establishment was co nsidere d as providing benefits to em pl oy ee s for their
dependents if such cov erage was available to at leas t a ma jo ri ty of those em pl oye es one would usually expect to have dependents, e . g . , m a r r ie d m e n , even though they w er e le ss than a m aj o r it y
of all plant or office w o r k e r s.
The empl oye r b ea rs the entire co st of "e m p lo y e r fina nce d" plans.
The empl oye r and employee share the co st of "j ointly fin a nc ed " plans.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail tra de, r ea l est at e, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Trans por ta tio n, co mmunicat ion, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, in suran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown se p ar at el y.
5 L e s s than 0 . 5 percent.




23

Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 )

Office workers

Plant workers
Prem ium pay policy
All industries1

A ll w orkers_________________

_____________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

91

97

96

72

83

93

91

97

96

72

83

93

1
1
89

(5 )
1
96

-

2
70

-

Daily overtim e at prem ium rates
Workers in establishm ents having
provisions for daily overtime
p ay4 at prem ium rates__________________________
Time and o n e-h a lf___________________________
Effective after;
7 hours________ __ ----------------------------- Over 7 and under 8 hours---------------------8 hours------------------------------------------------------

-

96

W orkers in establishments having no
provisions for daily overtim e pay
at premium rates 6 ______________________________

-

_

3
80

93

28

Weekly overtim e at prem ium rates
W orkers in establishm ents having
provisions for weekly overtime
p ay4 at premium rates_________________________
Time and o n e-h alf_____________________________
Effective after;
L ess than 371!z hours__________________
3 7 V 2 hours_______________________________
384/5 hours_______________________________
40 h o u rs_________________________________
44 h o u rs_________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents having no
provisions for weekly overtim e pay
at premium rates 6 ______________________________

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

1
1

(5 )
1

-

-

-

-

99
-

100
-

97
1

-

(5)
1
(5)
98
-

_
2
1
97
-

_
_
_
100
-

(5)

1 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Includes workers in establishments covered by legislative requirements regarding premium pay for overtim e, even though such workers actually do not work overtime. Graduated provisions
for premium pay are classified under the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours would be considered as time and
one-half after 8 hours. Sim ilarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at a regular rate after 35 hours and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
5 L ess than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes workers in establishments exempt from legislative requirements regarding premium pay for overtime and where, as a matter of policy, overtime is not worked.




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Since the Bureau's last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific

Secretary

zation and the scope of the supervisor's position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels.
Data published under the com posite title o f
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

categories.
The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels o f responsibility.




The size o f the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

24

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions m ay
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, p a rt-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER,

MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a m achine other than

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Rem ington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

an ordinary or electro m atic typewriter.
May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to b illin g operations.
For wage study purposes, billers, m ach in e, are
classified by type of m ach in e, as follows:

Class A .
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the

B iller, m achine (billing m achine).
Uses a special b illin g m a ­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc . , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices

structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. M ay prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
m em orandum s, e tc .
Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing m ach in e, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m ach in e.

Class B.
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts pa ya b le, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under b iller, m ach in e), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc .
M ay check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, m achine (bookkeeping m achine).
Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a ­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCO U N TIN G
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’ s busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

25

26

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d

CLERK, A C C O U N T IN G — Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in m aking proper
assignations and allocations.
May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing

journal

entries;

and m ay

direct class B accounting

clerks.

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be fille d .
M ay check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

Class B.
Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject m atter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc .
M ay
also file this m aterial.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files.
M ay lead a small group of lower le ve l file
cleiks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject m atter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial.
M ay perform related clerical tasks required to m aintain

CLERK,

PAYROLL

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: C alculating workers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's n am e, working days, tim e ,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
M ay make out paychecks and assist paymaster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes.
M ay use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

m atical
tical or
tom eter
of other

Primary duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to perform m ath e­
computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
other type of clerk, which m ay involve frequent use o f a C om p ­
but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH O R D IT T O )

and service files.

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten m atter, using a

Class C .
Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

M im eograph or Ditto m achine.
Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master.
May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
M ay sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK,

ORDER
Class A .

phone,

R eceives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m a il,
or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the follow ing:

Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Operates a num erical an d /or alphabetical or com bina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
le ve l keypunch operator but,

in addition,

work requires

application

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for ex am p le,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
M ay train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffic e machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. M ain­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d a y -to -d a y work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
m um o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m a il, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, m aintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m e m ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
M ay also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics.
Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows:
(a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, tech n ical, or m anagerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tia lly more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; a n d (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE:
The term "corporate o ffic e r ," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ic e president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o fficers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that em ployes, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer le v e l) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

28

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer le ve l)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , m arketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segm ent (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
em ployees; or

May m aintain files, keep sim ple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-m achine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER,

SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in le g a l briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational

d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le ve l o f o fficial) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0
persons; or
e.

segment (e. g. , a m iddle m anagem ent supervisor o f an organizational seg­
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
that em ploys, in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class C
a.
Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this le ve l
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le v e l o f o fficial) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em p loyee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE:
Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m ach in e; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p o licies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
and responsible clerical tasks such as, m aintaining followup files; assembling
m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m a il; and answering
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a sin gle- or m u ltip le-p osition telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
c o lle c t, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
( '’Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a sin gle- or m u ltip le-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. M ay handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. M ay perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("L im ite d " telephone inform ation service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for te le ­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e& ension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

29
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform routine c le rica l work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work m ay take the major part of this worker's tim e while at

specific instructions. M ay include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filin g work.
The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for ex am p le,
operations.

individual sorting or collating

runs or repetitive

switchboard.

TRAN SCRIBING -M ACH INE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR

Class A .
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typ ica lly including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator,
interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typ ica lly involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken.
As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typ ica lly involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine operations
and d a y -to -d a y supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabu latin g-m ach in e operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. M ay also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as lega l briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. M ay in­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
M ay do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m a il.

Class A .

Performs one or more of the follow ing:

Typing m a ­

sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and m ay include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for ex am p le, tabulations

terial in final form when it involves com bining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc . , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language m a ­

involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but sm all
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established.
May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.

terial; and planning layout and typing of com p licated statistical tables
to m aintain uniform ity and balance in spacing.
M ay type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B.
Performs one or more of the follow ing; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
Class C .

Operates

simple

tabulating or electrical

m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch,




accounting

collator, e tc . , with

e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com p lex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30

PROFESSIONAL
D RAFTSM AN

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSM AN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com p lex item s having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents.
Works in close support with the design originator,
and m ay recom m end minor design changes.
Analyzes the effe ct of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts.
Works with a m inim um of supervisory
assistance.
C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
M ay either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower le ve l draftsmen.
Class B.
Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech ­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, m ultiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, e tc .
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor.
C om pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C .
Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work m ay be spot-checked
during progress.
D R A FT SM A N - TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pen cil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d elin ea tio n .)
and /or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
is closely supervised during progress.
NURSE,

Work

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m ed ica l
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishm ent.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en ­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, M AINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31

ELECTRICIAN, M AINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m ain ten an ce, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves m ost o f the follow ing; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipm ent; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipm ent; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,

a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, m a ­
chine, and equipm ent; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, liftin g, and holding m a ­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent

M A C H IN E-TO O L OPERATOR,
Specializes

training and experience.

ENGINEER,

S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishm ent in which em ployed with power, h eat, refrigeration, or
air-con dition in g.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oile r-fe d
water pumps; m aking equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise
these operations.
H ead or chief engineers
more than one engineer are excluded.

types of machine

m ach in e-to ol operators,, toolroom ,
cluded from this classification.

in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­

in establishments em ploying

S T A T IO N A R Y BOILER

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em p loyed with h e a t, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m ech an ical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety v alv es.
M ay clean , o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipm ent.

HELPER, M A IN TE N A N C E TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




operation of one or more

tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illin g m achines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult m achining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
M ay be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils.
For cross-industry wage study purposes,

M A CH IN IST,
FIREM AN,

in the

TOOLROOM

M AINTENANCE

Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into m echanical
equipm ent.
In general, the m achinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32

M ECH ANIC, AU TO M O TIV E (M AINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and m aking necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work o f the auto­
m otive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipment of an establishment.

M ECHANIC, M AINTENANCE
Repairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining m achines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that m ainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending of the m achine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling m achines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipm ent, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipm ent, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illw right's work norm ally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment.
Work involves the follow in g: Knowledge o f surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
M ay m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work of the m aintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cu ttin g
m achine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and m aking standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu ded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al
training and experience.

apprenticeship or equivalent

33

SHEET-M ETAL W O RKER,

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sh eet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
m ent.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sh ee t-m eta l maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sh e e t-m e ta lworking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sh eet-m etal articles

volves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabri­

as required.
In general, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal

cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed

apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AN D DIE MAKER
(D ie m aker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work.
Work in-

CUSTODIAL
ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

AND

MATERIAL

JANITOR, PORTER,

PASSENGER

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building, apart­
m ent house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N
Guard.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed

post or

on tour, m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatem en who are stationed at gate and check on identity of em ployees
and other persons entering.
W atch m an .
property against fire,
JAN ITOR , PORTER,

OR CLEANER— Continued

or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
theft,

and illegal entry.

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice, apartment house, or com m ercial




MOVEMENT

A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

34

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

ORDER FILLER

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders

for finished

goods from stored

merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions.
M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER,

SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment.
Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the follow ing:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or dam age; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container.

Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or m en between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
M ay also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order.
D river-salesm en and o v er-th e -ro a d drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer c a p a c ity .)
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 ^ tons)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
TRUCKER,

medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,

Operates a manually controlled g asolin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f

as follows:

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,

lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;

Trucker,

power (forklift)

and maintaining necessary records and files.

Trucker,

power (other than forklift)







A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -----

The seventh annual report on s a la r ie s for accountants, au d itors,
a ttorn eys, c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s, engineering technician s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s of p erso n n el, m a n a g e r s of office
s e r v i c e s , b u y ers, freight rate c l e r k s , and c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as BLS Bulletin 1535,
m in istr a tiv e , T ec h n ical, and
50 cents a copy.

National
C le r i c a l

Survey of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d P ay, F eb ru ary— a r c h 19 6 5 .
M
~~

f t U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 — 253-607/67




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins m aybe purchased from the. Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 ,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1__«
.___________________________ 1465-81,
Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1966 1 ------------- 1465-60,
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1966 1____________________ 1465-64,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— J .,
N.
Feb. 1966 1_____________________________________________ 1465-53,
Atlanta, G a ., May 1966 1 ______________________________
1465-71,
Baltimore, M d., Nov. 1966 1------------------------------------------ 1530-30,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1966 1------ 1465-63,
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1966--------------------------------------- 1465-56,
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1--------------------------------------- 1530-2,
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1966______________________________ 1530-16,

Area

30cents Milwaukee, W i s ., Apr. 1966----------------------------------------------St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1_______________
25cents Minneapolis—
25cents Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1966 1 ______
25cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents

Newark and Jersey City, N .J., Feb. 1966 1 _____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967--------------------------------------------New Orleans, La., Feb. 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
New York, N . Y . , Apr. 1966 1______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va ., June 1966________________________________
Oklahoma City, O k la ., Aug. 1966 1_______________________

Bulletin number
and price
1465 -61,
15 30-4 2,
14 65 -72,
1465 -50,
15 30-41,
1465-47,
14 65-8 2,

20cents
30cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
20cents
40 cents

14 65 -77,
15 30-6 ,

20cents
25cents

Buffalo, N . Y . , Dec. 1966 1______________________________
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1966------------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1966 1______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1966 1 ---------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 1966 1
___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1966 1--------------------------Chicago, 111., Apr. 1966 1 ______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1966 1 ----------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1966 1________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1-----------------------------------------Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1966 1______________________________

1530-38,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
30 cents
30 cents
30cents

Omaha, N eb r .—
Iowa, Oct. 1966___________________________
Pater son—
Clifton— a s s a i c , N.J., May 1966 1 ___________
P
Philadelphia, P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1966 1______________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , Mar. 1966 1______________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966----------------------------------------------Portland, Or eg.—W a s h ., May 1966 1______________________
Providence—Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—M a s s . ,
May 1 9 66___________________________________________________
Raleigh, N . C . , Sept. 1966_________________________________
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1966-------------------------------------------------Rockford, 111., May 1966 1 ________________________________

1530 -18,
14 65-7 6,
15 30 -35,
1465 -62,
1530-46,
15 30 -17,
14 65-7 3,

25cents
25cents
35cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents

1465-65,
1530 -7,
15 30 -23,
1465-66,

25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1966 1______________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1967-------------------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1966________________________ -____
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967----------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1967 1 ------------------------------------------Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1966 1-------------------------------------Green Bay, W is., Aug. 1966 1------------------------------------Greenville, S.C ., May 1966 1----------------------------------------Houston, Tex., June 1966 1 ------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1966__________________________

1530-19,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1530-37,

30cents
25cents
25 cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
25 cents
25 cents
30cents
25cents

St. Louis, Mo .—
111., Oct. 1966 1----------------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1_____________________ ___
San Antonio, Tex., June 19 6 6 _____________________________
River side—
Ontario, Cal if.,
San Bernardino—
Sept. 1966__________________________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1966 1____________________ ________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Cal if., Jan. 1967 1_____________
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1966----------------------------------------------Savannah, Ga., May 1966 1________________________________
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966--------------------------------- -----------------Seattle—Everett, Wash., Oct. 1966________________________

15 30-2 7,
15 30-3 3,
1465 -78,

30cents
25cents
20cents

15 30-1 4,
1530-24,
1530 -36,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3 ,
1530 -22,

25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
25cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1465-59,
1530-49,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25 cents
25cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1966 1_____________________________
Spokane, Wa sh., June 19 66_______________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F l a . , Sept. 1966 1 _____________
Toledo, Oh io -M ich ., Feb. 1967 1
_________________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1966 1________________________________
Washington, D . C . - M d . - V a . , Oct. 1966 1_________________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1966 1----------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1----------------------------------------------Wichita, K a n s ., Oct. 1966 1_______________________________
W orceste r, M a s s ., June 1966 1___________________________
York, Pa ., Feb. 1967.............................................................. ........
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1966-----------------------------

15 30-1 2,
14 65 -55,
14 65 -75,
1530 -9,
15 30-50,
15 30 -34,
15 30 -15,
1465 -52,
1530 -21,
15 30-1 1,
1465-83,
1530-47,
15 30-2 9,

20cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
23cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1967_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1967 1-------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1966___________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H., June 1966 1 ---------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1------Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1966 1
___________________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1967 1
---------------------------------Lubbock, Tex., June 1966 1------------------------------------------Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.— rk., Jan. 1967---------------------------------A
Miami, Fla., Dec. 1966___________________________ —
----Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1 -----------------------


1 Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102