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AREAWAGESURVEY
Toledo, Ohio—Michigan, Metropolitan Area,
April 1973
Bu lletin 1775 6 3




U S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
Rurpaii of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lletin p ro v id e s r e s u lt s of an A p r il 1973 su r v e y of o ccu p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s in the T o led o , O h io -M ich igan , S ta n d ard M e tro p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a
( L u c a s and Wood C o u n tie s, Ohio; and M onroe C oun ty, M ic h .). The su r v e y w as
m a d e a s p a r t of the B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' an n u al a r e a w age su rv e y p r o g r a m .
The p r o g r a m is d e sig n e d to y ie ld d a ta fo r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , a s w ell
a s n atio n al and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s fo r a ll S ta n d ard M e tro p o lita n A r e a s in the
U nited S t a t e s , exclu d in g A la s k a and H aw aii, (a s d efin ed by the U .S . O ffice of
M an agem en t and B u dget through N o v em b er 1971).
A m a jo r c o n sid e ra tio n in the a r e a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to
d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m o v em en t of w a g e s in a v a r ie t y of la b o r m a r k e t s , through
the a n a ly s is of (1) the le v e l and d istr ib u tio n of w a g e s by o c cu p a tio n , and (2) the
m o v em en t of w a g e s by o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l. The p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u se d fo r m an y p u r p o s e s , in clu din g w age and
s a l a r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c tiv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is t a n c e in d e te rm in in g plan t
lo c a tio n . S u rv e y r e s u lt s a l s o a r e u se d by the U .S . D ep a rtm e n t of L a b o r to m ak e
w age d e te rm in a tio n s u n d er the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A ct of 1965.
C u rr e n tly , 96 a r e a s a r e in clu ded in the p r o g r a m . (S e e l is t of a r e a s
on in sid e b a c k c o v e r .) In eac h a r e a , o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s d a ta a r e c o lle c te d
an n u ally . In fo rm a tio n on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age b e n e ­
f i t s , c o lle c te d e v e r y se co n d y e a r in the p a s t , i s now obtain ed e v e ry th ird y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u al a r e a w age su r v e y s have b een c o m p le te d ,
two su m m a ry b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . The f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r d a ta fo r each
m e tro p o lita n a r e a su rv e y e d . The se co n d su m m a ry b u lle tin p r e s e n ts n atio n al and
re g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p ro je c te d fr o m in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a r e a d a ta .
The T o led o su r v e y w as con d ucted by the B u r e a u 's re g io n a l o ffic e in
C h ic a g o , 111,, u nder the g e n e r a l d ire c tio n of P e t e r J . H ebein , A ctin g A s s i s t a n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s. The su r v e y could not h ave been a c c o m p lish e d
without the c o o p e ra tio n of the m an y f ir m s w hose w age and s a l a r y d ata p ro v id e d
the b a s i s fo r the s t a t i s t ic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin . The B u re a u w ish e s to
e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A ls o a v a ila b le fo r the T o led o a r e a a r e l is t in g s of union w age r a t e s fo r
b u ildin g t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , lo c a l - t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tru c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s. F r e e c o p ie s of th e se a r e
a v a ila b le fr o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s . (Se e b a c k c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

AREA W AGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-63

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

Ju iy 1 9 7 3

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

T o l e d o , O h i o — M i c h i g a n , M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a , Apr il 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2
5

In trodu ctio n
W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s
T a b les:

4
6

7
8
10
11
12

13

1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d i e d
2. I n d e x e s of e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
3. P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s
A . O c cu p atio n al e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k ly e a r n i n g s
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k ly e a r n i n g s
A - 3 . O ffice, p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t ec h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s: A v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n in g s , by s e x
A - 4 . M a in ten an ce and p o w erp lan t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a r n in g s
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s

17 A p p e n d i x .

O ccup ation al d e s c r ip t io n s




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1

Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a l l y . 1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y t h i r d
year.
In e a c h o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n in g s i s c o lle c te d by m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .

(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in the s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e
l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w in g th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n
i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b il i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of in d iv id u al e s t a b lis h m e n t data. E a r n in g s
d a t a not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a , w h e r e sho w n . L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not sh o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not
availab le.

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ies are go vern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itted b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in cen tive e a r n in g s a r e in ­
clu ded. W h ere w ee k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e se o c c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
plin g p r o c e d u r e s in volve d e ta ile d s t r a t if i c a t i o n of a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w it h in th e s c o p e o f a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y an d n u m b e r
of e m p lo y e e s . F r o m this s tr a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p ro b ab ility sa m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w it h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e of
s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d . When d a t a
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to i t s p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th a t u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f on e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g i v e n a
w e i g h t of f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r th e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r t h a t i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g un it.

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g an d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m ent pattern s.
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by
h igh- o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s an d b e r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , sh o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s of w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the
groups.

1 Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y. ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—
Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In ­
d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b s t a f f i n g , and
th us c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
in dividual e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

O c cu p atio n s and E a r n in g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n an d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
t i o n s s h o u l d not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e
o n ly the r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u t i e s w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the sco.p e of the s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
ally su rv ey ed . B e c a u s e occu pation al s tr u c tu r e s am ong e sta b lish m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n i n g s d a ta .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a ge P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bulletin.
In form ation fo r th e se ta b u la tio n s, c o lle c te d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in th e p a s t , i s now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on
m in im u m en tran ce s a l a r i e s for in ex p e rie n c ed wom en o ffic e w o rk e rs;
shift d i f fe r e n t i a l s ; sc h e d u le d w o rk w e e k ; paid h o lid a y s; pa id v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in T o le d o , O h io — M ic h .,1
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 A p r il 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in estab lish m ents in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establish m en ts

W orker^ in establish m ents
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study*

Studied

Number

P ercen t

Studied

A ll d iv isio n s_____________________________

.

470

134

126,738

100

79.584

M anufacturing________________ ________________
Nonm anufacturing
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u t iliti e s 5____________________
W holesale trad e 6__________ ________________
R etail trad e 6 _____ _____ ________________
F in an ce, in su ra n ce , and re a l e s t a t e 6______
S e r v ic e s 6 7_________________ _____ _
_ _
_

50
“

195
275

63
71

77, 877
48,861

61
39

55,545
24,039

50
50
50
50
50

43
48
106
26
52

18
10
19
7
17

11,563
5, 199
21,3 74
4, 710
6, 015

9
4
17
4
5

9, 295
1,204
9, 126
1,926
2 ,4 8 8

1 The Toledo Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A re a , a s defined by the Office of M anagement and Budget through Novem ber 1971, c o n sists of
L u c a s and Wood C ounties, Ohio; and Monroe County, Mich. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in th is table provide a reasonably
accu rate d escrip tion of the siz e and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The e stim a te s a re not intended, how ever, to serv e a s a
b a sis of com p arison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m ea su re employment tren d s or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage su rvey s req u ires
the use of establishm ent data com piled con sid erably in advance of the pay roll p eriod studied, and (2) sm a ll e stablish m en ts a re excluded from the scope
of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard In d u strial C la ssific atio n Manual w as used in cla ssify in g e stablish m en ts by industry division.
3 Includes a ll e stablish m en ts with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a re a ) of com panies in such
in d u strie s a s trad e , finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and motion picture th e ate rs a re con sid ered a s 1 establish m en t.
4 Includes a ll w o rk ers in a ll e stablish m en ts with total employment (within the a re a ) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s. T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sp ortation w ere excluded. T o led o 's
lo c a l tra n sit sy stem is m unicipally operated and excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is rep resen ted in e stim a te s for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. S ep arate presentation of
data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following re a so n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough data to
m erit se p a rate study, (2) the sam p le was not designed in itially to p erm it se p a rate presen tation , (3) resp o n se was in sufficien t or inadequate to p erm it
sep a rate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re of individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels and m o tels; laun dries and other p e rso n al s e r v ic e s; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s; autom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and parking; motion p ic tu re s; nonprofit
m em bersh ip organ izations (excluding relig io u s and ch aritable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch ite ctu ra l s e r v ic e s .

In d ustrial com position in m anufacturing
A lm ost tw o-thirds of the w ork ers within scope of the survey in the Toledo a re a w ere
em ployed in m anufacturing fir m s . The following p re se n ts the m ajo r in dustry groups and
sp ecific in d u stries a s a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

S p ecific in d u stries

T ran sp ortation equipment_____ 27
Stone, clay, and g la s s
p rodu cts__ _________________ 20
M achinery, except e le c tr ic a l — 9

Motor v eh icles and
equipment---------------- ________ 25
G la ss and g la ssw a r e ,
p r e s s e d or blow n___ _................10

8

P rim a ry m etal in d u strie s_____ 7
E le c tric a l equipment and
su p p lie s- __________________ 5

. a

This inform ation is b a se d on e stim a te s of total employm ent derived from u n iverse
m a te r ia ls com piled p rio r to a ctu al survey. P rop ortion s in v a rio u s in du stry d ivision s m ay
d iffer from proportions b a se d on the re su lts of the survey a s shown in tab le 1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s for S e le c t e d O ccup atio nal G r o u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s of o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , an d in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t of w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
i n d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the in d e x . T h e p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . A n n u a l r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
s h o w n , r e f l e c t the a m o u n t of i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w hen the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s .
These com pu­
t a t i o n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t
ra te betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e i n d e x i s a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and i s e x ­
p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
The b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t . T h e i n d e x i s c o m p u t e d by m u l t i ­
p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p l u s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r an d then c o n ­
tin u in g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p la n tw o rk e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

M ethod of C om p uting
E a c h o f the f o l l o w in g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p i s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerics, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerics, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s of D ata
T h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in
the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith out a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have declin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts en tered
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y h a v e
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a v e r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s in
av e ra g e pay for str a ig h t-tim e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r each occu patio n a r e m u lt i­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
in the g r o u p a r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r an d d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s the p e r c e n t
of change.




5

6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in T o le d o , O h io —M ic h ., A p r il 1 9 7 2
an d A p ril 1 9 7 3 , an d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e ‘ fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Manufacturing

All in dustries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
cle ric al
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (F eb ru ary 1967:100)
A p ril 1972__________________________________ .
A pril 1973__________________________________

135.3
140.2

145.0
153.6

144.8
153.1

143.2
154.4

136.3
142.2

144.9
153.4

144.3
152.4

141.3
150.2

P ercents of change 1
M arch 1961 to M arch 1962____________________
M arch 1962 to F eb ru ary 1963:
11-month in c re a se --------------------------------Annual rate of in c r e a se ____________________

2.3

2.0

2.3

2.2

2.0

2.0

1.9

2.2

1.9
2.1

4.5
4.9

2.3
2.5

2.7
2.9

1.6
1.7

4.4
4.8

2.0
2.2

3.5
3.8

F eb ru ary 1963 to F eb ru ary 1964______________
F eb ru ary 1964 to F eb ru ary 1965______________
F eb ru ary 1965 to F eb ru ary 1966______________
F eb ru ary 1966 to F eb ru ary 1967______________
F eb ru ary 1967 to F eb ru ary 1968______________
F eb ru ary 1968 to F eb ru ary 1 9 6 9 - __ _______
F eb ru ary 1969 to F eb ru ary 1970------------------F eb ru ary 1970 to A pril 1971:
14-month in c re a se _________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a se ____________________

1.8
1.4
3.3
6.3
6.1
6.1
6.3

1.4
2.8
5.5
6.5
6.9
8.0
6.0

2.3
1.2
3.9
4.2
7.8
8.7
5.3

2.2
2—
.3
4.6
5.8
5.5
8.0
4.5

2.2
1.4
3.0
6.9
5.9
6.1
6.1

.5
2.3
5.0
7.0
6.9
8.0
5.7

2.4
1.1
4.0
4.1
8.2
9.5
5.9

2.4
.4
3.1
5.8
6.6
7.1
6.6

7.5
6.4

10.0
8.5

9.6
8.2

11.0
9.4

7.5
6.4

10.4
8.9

8.9
7.6

8.0
6.8

A p ril 1971 to A pril 1972______________________
A pril 1972 to A p ril 1973 _____________________

5.2
3.6

7.6
5.9

7.1
5.7

8.3
7.8

6.3
4.3

7.6
5.9

6.1
5.6

7.5
6.3

1 All changes a re in c re a se s un less otherwise indicated.
2 This d ec re ase largely refle cts changes in employment between high- and low-wage establishm ents rather than wage d e c r e a se s.




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in T o le d o , O h io —M ic h ., A p r il 1 9 7 2 to A p r il 1 9 7 3
All
in du stries

M anufac­
turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

4.7
6.2
5.5
7.6

O ccupational group

4.5
5.9
5.4
6.7

4.7
(?)
( )
9.1

1 Data do not m eet publication c rite ria .

NO TE: Table 3 provides percents of change in av erage hourly earn ings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
for computing wage trends is b ase d on changes in av erage hourly earn ings for establish m en ts
reporting the index jobs in both the curren t and previous year (m atched e stablish m en ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jobs constant.
The new wage trends a re not linked to the curren t indexes becau se the new wage
tren ds m ea su re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes
m ea su re changes in a re a a v e r a g e s . Other c h a ra c te ris tic s of the new wage trends which
d iffer from the cu rren t ones include (1) earn ings data of office c le r ic a l w orkers and in du strial
n u rse s a re converted to an hourly b a s i s , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided for non­
m anufacturing e stablish m en ts.
F o r a m ore detailed d escrip tion of the new method used to compute a re a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey In d e x e s," Monthly Labor Review , Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

8

A.

Occupational earnings

Table A-1. Office occupations: Weekly earnings
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., April 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—
$

Average
weekly

70
Mean *

(standard

Median *

Middle range *

AND

WOMEN

75

80

$

t

85

110

*

t

»
120

130

140

160

*

t

S

t
150

170

180

$
190

t
200

t

*
210

220

t
230

and
under
75

MEN

t

i

»

240

and

80

85

90

120

130

1 AO

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

5
5

10

6
2

1
1

9
9

1
1

4

“

A

4
4

"

220

230

240

over

COMBINED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

AS
33

39.5
39.5

$

139.00
1A A .50

131.00
152.00

119.00-157.00
11A.00-182.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

8A
30
5A

39.0
39.5
39.0

108.50
125.50
99.00

97.50
119.00
93.00

91.00-119.00
98.00-151.00
89.00-117.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

370
251
119

39.5
39 . 5
39 . 0

16A.0C
1 6 9 . OC
153.00

163.00
173.50
1A6.50

131.50-192.50
1A2.50-193.50
126.00-187.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

All
237
17A

39.5
39.5
39.5

116.50
127.50
100.50

111.00
126.00
98.00

9 A . 50-130.50
1 0 5 . 5 O - 1 A 6 . 50
88.50-111.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

7A
62

39.0
39 . 0

98.00
96.00

93.00
92.50

82.50-108.00
81.00-107.00

CLERKS,

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

79
73

38.0
38 . 0

87.00
87.00

84,50
8A.50

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

190
1A9

AO.O 123.00
AO . 0 1 3 1 . 5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

173
11A
59

39.5
39 . 5
AO.O

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

191
128
63

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

“

“

*

_

_

7

8

19

-

-

-

1
1

7

-

8

4
15

5
4

“

3
2
1

4

-

i

-

-

_

-

35
21
1A

28
18
10

29
9
20

24
16
8

31
24
7

33
20
13

25
25

29
16
13

75
53
22

26
21
5

25
22
3

18
16

13
13

3

2
2

3

4

1

3

_

_

1

-

“

_

4

-

-

“
_

9
4

33

8

-

-

5

33

8

2
2

11
11

12
12

5
1

81,50- 95,00
81.50- 95.00

-

10
10

35
31

95.50-152.50
109.00-158.50

-

-

19

137.00
150.00
112.50

129.00
153.50
108.50

108.00-167.50
12A.00-186.00
105.50-112.50

-

A

1

-

4

-

39 . 0
39.5
38.5

1A3.00
151.00
126.50

137.00
1A9.50
117.00

120.50-167.00
133.50-169.00
111.50-128.50

181
13A
A7

39. 5
39.5
39.5

12A.OO
122.50
129.00

117.00
117.00
122.50

107.50-136.50
107.50-133.00
108.00-153.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLS)
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

115
60
55

39.0
39 . 0
38.5

108.00
106.50
110.00

99.00
99.00
99.00

89.50-118.00
91.00-117.50
83.00-121.00

SECRETARIES ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

1,016
795
221
51

39. 5
39.5
39 . 0
39 . 5

162.50
168.00
1A3.00
160.50

161.50
166.00
137.50
165.00

138.00-18A.00
1A5.50-187.00
117.50-171.00
120.00-205.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------

109
98

39. 5
39 . 5

188.00
188.50

185.00
18A.00

165.00-223.00
16A.00-225.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

259
187
72

39.0
39.5
39 . 0

165.50
173.00
1A6.00

162.00
169.00
136.50

1A3.50-190.00
155.50-196.00
12A.00~16A.50

1
1

2
2

i
i

A3
36
7

32
26
6

15
15

4

3

_

A

3

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

5
5

7
7

3
3

-

-

19
19

5
5

10

_

8
2

"

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

19
9

21
16
5

17

7
7

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

10

11
6
_

-

9
9

115.00
126.00

3

FILE,

C L A S S C ---------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le s .




-

-

2

A

22
22

15
15

16
16

4
4

16
16

19
19

22
11
11

12
9

14
14

6
6

4

3

~

17
15
2

8
8

1

6
5
1

-

i

“

“

_

-

_

33

27
27

15
13

11
11

-

-

-

2

-

“

2

-

7

-

2
2
-

-

-

10
10

_

-

10
8

7

-

29
15
1A

33
31

“

10
2
8

-

*

AO
34

A3
3A
9

23
17

16
14

13
8
5

10
3

1
1

2
2

2

7

“

2
2

-

*

“

23
17

5
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

5

-

“

38

-

-

-

“

-

1

-

1

-

*

-

1A

7

9

-

3
11

2

8
1

-

5

8
25

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3A
15
19

*

7

6

99
61

A

2

2

11

9
2
3

3

-

A

6

-

-

-

3

3

-

“

1
5

*

“

A
100
82
18

96
76
20

122
102
20

120
113
7

-

-

-

5
5

108
95
13
7

87
68
19

67
56

1

11
3

11

9

18

13
12

9

3

A6

29

25

19

38

27

22

15
A

20
17

2

3

1

3

-

18

-

1
1

2

12
-

2

-

13

“

5

2

2A
6
18

22

18

12
10

13
5

8

2

3

3

-

34

34

25
9

33

4

9
4

22
21
1

17

3

11
6

i
i

“

55
51
A

9
9

-

1
1
18
18

-

_

8

9

8

9
-

-

7
7

A
A

2
2

1

2

1

“

-

2
-

9
T a b l e A-1. Office occupations: W e e k l y earnings— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., April 1973)
W eekly earnings
(standard)
Niamber

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

1

(standard]

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
I

A verage
w eekly

*
70

M ean

^

M edian

£

M iddle ranged

S

$

S

*

*

t

t
1
•
»
120 130 140 150

75

80

85

90

95

100

no

80

85

90

95

100

no

120

130

140

150

-

1
1
“

14
14

5

5

7
5
2

32
18
14

31
23
8

-

2
2

4
4

10
10

22
10
12

30
25
5

47
47
“

26

28
12
16

9

78
75
2

50
44
6

40
38

-

-

46
30
16
1
22
17
5

75
56
19

127
113
14

1
1

6
6

6
5

4

$

*

$
$
*
180 190 200

160

170

160

170

180

190

200

48
36
12j

62
51
11

39
35
4

59
53

6

48
37
11

29

12
11
1

34
33
1

10
7
3

25
17

2

14
12
2

11
11

8

6

-

-

106
96
10

84
62
22

70
63

3
3

3
1

11
10

3

6

11
6

12
7

5

7
7
"

5
5

_
~

t

t

$
i
230 240

210

220

210

220

230

23
23
-

17
14
3

13
11
2

10
9

6
4
2

11
9
2

7
7
-

-

12

13

3
2
1
1

4
4

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

6

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

i

_

_

_

-

and
under
75

and
240

over

M E N AND W O M E N C O M B I N E D CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

412
319
93

$
$
$
$
40.0 162.50 162.50 143.00-182.50
40.0 168.00 168.00 149.00-184.00
144.50 146.00 121.00-170.50
39.5

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

228
183
45

39.5 146.00 140.00 126.00-166.50
40.0 151.00 144.00 132.00-167.50
38.0 125.50 116.00 105.50-142.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

362
277
85
31

39.0
38.5
40.0
40.0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

691
580
111

39.0 142.50 139.50 126.00-157.00
39.5 142.00 139.00 126.50-155.00
39.0 145.50 149.00 121.50-166.50

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

41
36

39.5 147.50 145.00 127.00-171.00
40.0 147.00 144.00 126.00-171.00

.

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

70
43

39.0 120.00 111.00 104.50-136.50
39.0 115.50 107.50 96.00-134.00

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

150
88
62

39.5 114.50 111.00
39.5 114.50 112.00
39.5 114.50 109.00

“

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

27
27

SECRETARIES,

CLASS C
-------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---manufacturing

TRANSCRIBIN G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

37
30

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

See footnotes at end of tables




131.00
129.50
136.50
182.50

123.50 111.00-144.50
123.00 114.50-141.00
127.50 99.50-175.00
195.00 157.50-199.00

96.00-129.50
93.00-131.00
97.00-119.50

—
“

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

2

-

-

_

2
“

-

5
4

_

_

_

1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

.

1

-

1
1

*

6
6

*

1
1

3
3

4
4

21
13

6

4

“

9

4

15
11

“

9

4
4
“

23

9

20
11

19

4

31
15
16

12
12
“

e
8

_

12
11

7
2

_

39.0 147.50 140.00 114.00-178.50
39.0 147.50 140.00 114.00-178.50
40.0 106.00 112.50
40.0 102.00 111.00

—

87.00-122.00
84.00-114.50

-

7
7

253
151
102

39.0 126.00 117.50 102.00-151.00
39.5 140.00 132.50 116.00-163.50
38.0 106.00 101.50 93.50-109.00

.
*

“

230
105
125

39.0 111.50 106.50 94.50-126.00
40.0 123.50 120.00 107.00-137.50
38.5 101.00 100.50 87.00-109.00

-

11
-

.

11

18
3
15

1
1

_
“
_

i

2
-

126
118
8
3

3
25
19
6

-

7
7

*

“

12
12

22
3
19

16
2
14

52
18
34

33
19
14

26
24
2

21
20
1

6
6

14

12

11

27
18
9

24
19

14

60
23
37

16

-

16
5

5

7

13
10
3

4

8

3

2

9

9

-

3
3

13
13

7

41
18
23

10
10
-

21
21
-

6

9

6

8

1
1

3
3

-

_
-

-

2

1
1
“

-

5

1
1
*

2
2

2
2

4
4

20
20
“

7
7
-

-

11
6

3
3

3
3

2
'

6

2

i

4
4
-

—
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

8

-

-

i

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

*

2

_
“

-

-

2

2
2

“

9
8
1

-

_

-

-

“

-

3
3

23
20
3

-

“

“

1
1

5

4
4

2
2

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
T a b l e A - 2. Pr o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupations: W e e k l y earnings
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., April 1973)
W eekly earnings
(standard)
Num ber

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

1

A verage
w eekly
(standard)

M ean

*

M edian

*

Middle r a n g e *

*

%

80

90

S

100

»

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
t
s
t
t
$
*
t
$
$
*
I
*

*
110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

t

$

*

$
280

250

260

270

270

280 over

and
under

and

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

18
9
9

14
12
2

5
5
“

2
2
-

12
12
~

1

-

1

2
2

-

-

12
6
6

5
5

“

11
5
6

2
2

7
7

16
14
2

18
13
5

11
9
2

8
8
-

10
10
-

1
1
-

2
1
1

-

3

-

11

4
4
*

3

-

3
3
-

7
6

11
11

1
1

"

5
1

“

”

3

1

3

“

*

3
3

”

2
2

9
1

5
5

10
6

16
8

7
6

5
5

7
5

5
5

M E N AND W O M E N C O M B I N E D
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

90
64
26

$
$
$
$
39.5 171.00 168.00 149.00-190.50
39.5 175.00 174.00 155.50-197.00
39.0 160.50 161.00 139.00-169.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

100
74
26

39.0 160.50 156.50 141.00-178.00
39.5 167.00 159.50 147.00-180.50
38.0 141.50 127.50 112.00-160.50

-

-

*

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

34
27

39.5 138.00 118.50 110.50-172.00
39.5 138.50 117.00 111.00-173.50

“

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

70
49

39.5 222.50 218.00 204.50-234.50
39.5 230.00 231.50 210.50-242.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

59
48

39.0 197.00 191.00 175.50-217.50
39.0 201.00 197.50 178.00-226.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

55

51

39.5 283.00 284.00 260.00-305.00
39.5 286.00 290.00 270.00-306.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

51
47

39.0 242.50 243.50 219.50-262.50
39.0 246.50 246.00 231.00-265.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

147
119

40 • 0 241.50 233.00 204.50-280.00
39.5 245.00 234.50 204.50-283.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —

143
113

40.0 192.00 185.00 177.00-205.50
40.0 192.50 185.00 178.50-206.00

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

110
71

40.0 162.50 162.00 134.00-179.00
40.0 165.50 171.50 131.50-180.00

“

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

60

40.0 122.00 120.00 110.50-135.00

1

6

8

16

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ! --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

70
66

40.0 188.00 187.50 162.00-213.50
40.0 188.00 187.50 162.00-213.00

-

-

-

-

*
Workers were distributed as follows:
* * Workers were distributed as follows:
* * * Workers were distributed as follows:

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

*

_
”

11

-

_
“

_
“

“

3

2

17

3

2

9

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

_

2

.
“
7
5

_

*

-

“

-

-

~

4
4

2
2

-

2

2

7
7

12
10

6
5

21
15

31
26

8

9

*

_
*

6

3

10
10

14
11

16
4

8
-

25
21

4

3

8

10

10
10

6
8

1

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

*

*

-

1
1

16
15

5
5

2
2

4
4

3
3

3

2

3
8

i

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

i
i
“

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

3

2

”

1
1

7

_

*

4
4

3
1

7

31

**6

~

7

3

*31

9
9

2

5

i

9
9

5

6

5

2

5

19
12

13
9

6
3

28
21

ii
ii

1
“

6
3

4***36
36
3

28
23

12
12

6
6

5
5

8
i

2
2

_

*

5
5

-

2
2

7
6

4
-

3
3

-

6
6

-

_

_

-

-

10
10

3
3

3
2

5
5

i
i

2

_

_

7

6

11

13
12

2

-

*

i
”

1

-

-

-

3

3

4

11 at $ 280 to $ 300; 14 at $ 300 to $320; 5 at $320 to $ 340; and 1 at $340 to $ 360.
4 at $ 280 to $ 300; and 2 at $300 to $ 320.
16 at $ 280 to $ 300; 13 at $ 300 to $ 320; 5 at $320 to $ 340; and 2 at $340 to $ 360.

2

1

11
11

-

2

-

11
Table A-3.

Of fice, prof e ssi onal , and technical oc c upat i ons:

A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arni ngs, by se x

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., April 1973)

OFFICE

Num ber
of
w orkers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard]

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

106
89

$
39.5 190.50
*0.0 187.50

C L E R K S , O R D E R ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

33
33
32
30

39.5 186.00
39.5 18*.50

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B O Y S I -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

63
39

39.0 111.50
39.0 115.50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly

W eekly
e arn in gs*
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUEO

$
39.0 103.50
39.0 107.00

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E G I R L S ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

N um ber
of
w orkers

(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUEO

*0 .0 160.00
*0 .0 160.00

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

A ve rage

A ve rage

A v e rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1,015
79*
221

51

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

162.50
168.00
1*3.00
160.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

22*
99
125

$
39.0 110.50
39.5 122.50
38.5 101.00

P R OFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCU P A T I O N S - MEN

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

109

39.5 188.00
39.5 188.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

77
61

39.5 172.50
39.5 17*.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

259
187
72

39.0 165.50
39.5 173.00
39.0 1*6.00

C OMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

68
57

39.0 166.50
39.5 168.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

*1 2

319
93

*0.0 162.50
*0.0 168.00
39.5 1**.5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

60
*0

39.5 222.00
39.5 232.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

227
182
*5

39.5 1*6.00
*0.0 151.00
38.0 125.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

*5
*0

39.0 198.00
39.0 199.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

362
277
85
31

39.0
38.5
*0 .0
*0 .0

131.00
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ---------129.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------136.50
182.50 C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,

51
*8

39.5 28*.00
39.5 286.00

STENOGRAPHERS,

691
580

39.0 1*2.50
39.5 1*2.00
39.0 1*5.50

B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

*8
*5

39.0 2*3.50
39.0 2*6.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

1*7
119

40.0 2*1.50
39.5 2*5.00

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

1*3
113

*0.0 192.00
*0.0 192.50

103
69

*0.0 163.50
*0 .0 165.00

O CCUPATIONS - WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

*8
33

39.5 139.00
39.5 l* * .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

8*
30
5*

39.0 108.50
39.5 125.50
39.0 99.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

26*
162
102

39.5 153.50
39.5 159.00
39.0 1 **.5 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

399
225
17*

39.5 115.00
39.5 126.00
39.5 100.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

74

39.0

98.00

62

39.0

96.00

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

79
73

38.0
38.0

87.00
87.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

*1

36

39.5 1*7.50
*0 .0 1*7.00

70
*3

39.0 120.00
39.0 115.50 D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ----------

COMPUTER

S E N I O R ----------— - —

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

157
116

*0 .0 115.50
*0 .0 123.50

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1*1
8*
57

39.5 126.00
39.5 137.50
*0 .0 109.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

189
128
61

39.0 1*2.00
39.5 151.00
38.5 12*.50

TRANSCRI8ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

178
132
*6

39.5 123.00
39.5 121.50
39.5 127.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

ANALYSTS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

39.5 11*.50
39.5 11*.50 D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S -----------39.5 11*.50
37
30

*0 .0 106.00
*0 .0 102.00

250
150

39.0 125.50
39.5 139.50
38.0 10*.00

See footnote at end of tables.




11*.50

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T ECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS,

100

38

o
o

C L E R K S , O R D E R --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

111

SYSTEMS

MANUFACTURING

CLASS

B

32

39.0 1*7.50

68
66

*0 .0 187.00
*0.0 187.00

12
T a b le A-4.

Ma i nt e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t occupat ions:

Hourl y ear ni ngs

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., April 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly ea m in gs3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

i
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

Under
t

3.50

i

t

3.50

3. 6 0

$
3.70 3. 8 0

t
$
t
t
t
$
t
*
»
3. 9 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 1 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 3 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 5 0 4 . 6 0 4 .70 4.8 0

$
$
5. 00 5.20

t
5.40

%
$
$
t
*
5. 6 0 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6. 4 0

4 .80 5.00

5. 20 5.40

5.60

5.80 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0

6«40

104
104

35
35

and
under
3.6 0 3 . 7 0 3 . 8 0 3. 9 0 4 . 0 0

4 . 1 0 4. 2 0 4 . 3 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 5 0

4.60 4.70

over

HEN
$

A*

5.11

536
52
49

5.52
5.71

$

\

_ ^

91
IT

an

nAfiUr AL 1UK 1 f l
il
lirl n r n ,

...

Tn

5. 5 9

$

$ _

4« 6 5

5. 5 4

2
2

5.235.165.54J.54

5.99
6. 1 0
5.85
J.84

2

5. 3 2
5.25

5. 3 9
5 06
5.06

4.66

237

5. 9 0

5. 9 7

5» .>0

5. 59

5 . 2 2 - 6. 0 8
j .21
6. 0 9

5. 2 9
5.7 6

5.45
5. 8 4

4.75j.67

5.17
5. 16

4 . 7 4 - 5. 7 6
4 . 7 3 - 5.71

557

5.4 8

5.63

5.215.21-

50

5.01
-.•01

5.16
5« 16

**°3
4. 0 7

r nn
5.83

222
Z16

5.40
.<•40

5*55

4.734.7 .

5. 9 5
5.9j

58
56

5. 6 9
5.71

5.91
5.91

5 . 5 9 - 5.97
5 . 6 6 - 5.97

835
835

5.91
5.91

6.03
6. 0 3

5 . 6 6 - 6.25
5 . 6 6 - 6.2 5

*

2

U

10
10

12
12

3

40
40

15
15

99
98

68
39
70

,

5
2

8

11

8

9

18
18

24
24

70
70

101
101

67
60

34
29

13
13

14
14

135
133

18
8
10

ii

57
36
2-1

20
11

130
12
118

32
17
15

10

-

3

*

12
12

1

42
42

12
12

75
56
19
19

13
13

63
63
3

64
64

17
17

16

12
ii
ii

7

48
48

9

AUTOMOTIVE

MtCHANIC S f MAINTENANCE

PAINTERSf

3
.
*

5.86
5. 8 6

M A C 111Nlo T S f HA INTE N A N 0 E
MECHANICS,

*
3

8
8

12
12

5 . 8 1 - 6. 1 3

5.20
5. 1 8

TOOLROOM —

3

3 0^
f 96
3 . 7 9 - 4. 9 6

i ni
181

OPERATORS,

4.91
4.92

322

MACHINE-TOOL

A. 50
A. 53

8
8

8

5.72

116
108

2

}

4 . 6 3 - 5. 7 6
4 . 6 5 - 5.75

5.0 6

14
12

11

1

MAINTENANCE

» lrLrll ICKjj

SHEET-METAL

nAlril ClrAriLL

WORKERS,

MAINTENANCE

See footnotes at end of tables




—

_

2
2

5.79
5.00

3
3

699

47

3
3

50

33
33

j
r

JJ
'1

3

9

114
86

3
3

r0
50

99
99

10
10

101
93

79
79

48

124
124

JJ
r

12
12

43

no
'*0

95
95

25

158
158

104
104

47
47

12
12

i

3
6
38
38

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

8
8

18
10

-

5

65
65

42
42
-

2

7J

3
1

3

12

15

33

12'

23
23

24
24

7

-

180

251
251

103
103

32
32

13
T a b l e A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., April 1973)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

%
1.60
M ean 2

M edian 2

»
1.80

t
2. 0 0

»
2. 2 0

*
2 . A0

%
2.6 0

$
%
2. 8 0 3.0 0

*
3. 2 0

T
t
*
S
S
*
t
»
3 . A0 3 . 6 0 3. 8 0 A . 00 A . 20 A. A0 A . 6 0 4 . 8 0

*
S
$
$
5 . 4 0 5. 6 0 5.80 6. 0 0

»
5.00

*
5.20

A . 80 5.0 0

5.20

5 . AO 5 . 6 0 5. 8 0 6.00

over

-

-

-

“

“

-

“

“

“
“

-

12
12
-

3A0
3A0
-

M iddle range 2

and

under
1.80 2 . 0 0 2 . 2 0
MEN
G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

------------------------

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

------------------------

1,099
296

$
2.67
3.83

$
2.33
A . 21

$
$
2 . 0 3 - 2. 8 9
3.A2- A.28

-

20A

A . 07

A. 2 A

3.A8-

~

A . 38

221
9

207

2. AO 2 . 6 0

155
27

9

92

3. 3 0

3. A 7

2.38-

3.87

-

1,712
1.1 A 8
56A
56

3.62
3. 8 9
3. 0 7
A. 19

3.62
A. 05
2. 9 7
A.A 2

3.0A3.302.903.87-

A.27
A . 50
3.25
A . 59

-

-

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

1,637
852
785

A . 36
3. 9 6
A . 80

A.A O
3.97
4. 7 9

3 . 7 6 - A . 81
3 . 6 6 - A . 51
A . 11- 5.9A

-

ORDER
F I L L E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

326
137
189

A.IT
3. 9 8
A . 31

3.98
3.95
3.99

3 . 9 1 - A.6 0
3.71- A . A 5
3.9A- A.8A

-

------------------

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

663
611

4.40
A. A5

4. 6 4
A . 67

3 . 9 3 - A . 76
3 . 9 5 - A . 76

-

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

12A
A5
79

3. 9 A
A . 26
3.7 6

A. 0 A
A . 28
3.28

3 . 2 0 - A . 83
3.78- A.69
2 . 9 5 - A. 8 A

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

7A
72

A.A6
A. A 7

A . 61
A . 61

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

166
116
50

A. A 5
A . 56
A . 18

A.A6
A . 85
3.98

1,752
498
1,25 A
811

5. 3 9
A . 91
5. 5 8
5.82

5.52
5.11
5.57
6.01

5 . 0 9 - 6.02
A . 62- 5. 2 0
5 . 2 7 - 6. 0 4
5 . 5 5 - 6.06

65
52

4.09
A . 16

A . 71
A . 73

3 . 7 8 - A . 76
3 . 9 3 - A . 76

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ! ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

272
79
193

5.22
A . 90
5.35

5.02
5.0A
A. 79

986
182
80A
705

5.58
A . 88
5. 7 A
5.81

5. 5 6
5. 1 A
5. 5 9
5.60

5 . A 7 - 6.0 3
A . 36- 5.23
5 . 5 3 - 6.0A
5 . 5 5 - 6.0 5

6
6

50
A5

7
4

26
26

17
-

100
100

11
11

3
3

19
19

21
21

-

3

10

A

6

29

A

“

“

89

7

3

19

21

“

-

_
-

-

27

-

5

-

3

-

16

-

26

-

11

59
8
51

16
4
12
4

58
18
A0
2

22 A
23
201

21A
1AA
70
*

209
169
A0
*

31
9
22
“

141
132
9
2

57
48
9
9

131
87
44
6

172
170
2
2

3A2
32A
18
18

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ---------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

* Wo rk er s were distributed as follows:
** Workers were distributed as follows:
t All workers were at $6 to $6.20.
See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

3
3
3

22
12
10
10

*

27
27
“

22
22

A2
16
26

5A
5A

7
7

26
26

2A
2A
“

105
103
2

12 A
119
5

210
158
52

152
130
22

27
18
9

210
210

192
2A
168

57
6
51

6
5
1

-

3A
33
1

28
26
2

125
21
10A

_

IA
1A
“

A3
A3

_

80

-

-

-

4

33
33
“

A . 72- 6. 0 4
5 . 0 0 - 5.08
A . 71- 6.07

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y ( O V E R A TO NS ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

7
7

3.97- A.9 A
A . 2 5 - A . 95
3 . 7 8 - A . 92

TRUCKDRIVERS
----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

29
10

A . 28- A . 66
A . 30- A . 67

nonmanufacturing

-

A. 6 0

118
8

102

•

-

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

2. 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . AO 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 A . 00 A . 20 A . A 0

-

-

“

-

_

1

-

1

_

*

“

1

*

1

“

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

“

-

*
-

-

-

_

_

-

80

*

-

-

123
123

94
A2

1
1

12
12

57
57

293
293

72
72

2
2

1
1

-

-

1
1

11
11

6
2
4

12
12
-

_

8
6
2

7
6
i

5
5

4
4

-

39
9
30

i
i
-

-

-

5
5

5
3

16
16

4
A

33
33

3
3

2
2

i
i

•

7
7

10
3
7

29
15
1A

7

19
18
1

1A
1A '
“

L
i
“

69
55
1A

-

-

5
5
*

12
10
2
1

21
21

38

44

113
47

-

i i

3A
18

66

35
22
13

236
180
56

17A
31
1A3

"

50
28
22
1

1

4

6
6

3
2

2

34
34

3

-

13
13

4
-

2A
3
21

15
1
1A

66
-

3
-

49
49

4

30
30

_
“

2

-

-

2
2

-

“

*

1

-

“

5
5

-

-

66

3

-

30
30

8
8

-

13
13

-

122
66

3
3
-

-

8

-

-

4

_

-

-

17

-

-

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
8

-

-

_

8
8

-

_

_

492 at $6 to $6.20; and 30 at $6.60 to $6.80.
60 at $6 to $6.20; and 30 at $6.60 to $6.80.

A

-

-

_

A

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

9

-

2
2

-

7
55

4

“

“

-

-

-

1
1

“
-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
*

_

A03
16
387
357

-

-

-

1
1

-

AO 2
15
387
357

_
-

64 *5 2 2
64
1A
508
A33
“

-

_

4

**90
5
85

-

33
30
3

-

4
-

-

-

- t367
9
358
3A8

14
T a b l e A - 5 . Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly e ar ni ngs— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., April 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
3 .0 0

i
3.2 0

3 .4 0

S
3.6 0

*
3 .8 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

3.8 0

4.0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

-

-

9
9

-

“

55
55

44
44

26
26

169
169

8
8

-

2 .0 0

2.2 0

-

-

-

“

t

*

5 .2 0

t
5.4 0

t
5.6 0

t
5 .8 0

i
6*00

5 .4 0

5.6 0

5.8 0

6 .0 0

over

65
03

-

-

-

60
OU

247
163

35
35

7
7

9
9

7
7

_

-

2
2

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

*

_

_

.

t
4 .2 0

*
4.4 0

*
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

in *
O
O

*
2 .8 0

4 .4 0

4.6 0

4.8 0

5 .0 0

14

-

2

-

25
ro

80
80

121
85

360
360

66
66

170
170

28
28

16
16

-

82
82

-

10
7

3
3

21

and
under

and

1

Middle range 2

1

Median2

t

2.4 0

1 .8 0

1.6 0

Mean *

o
<
M

Number
of
workers

$
2 .2 0

1 .8 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

%

s
2.6 0

i
2 .0 0

o
O

~i-------- *

v*
N
O

Hourly earnings3

HEN - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------

182

$
3.3 5

1 '

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------------------------------HA NUFACTURING --------------------------------------

$
5 .1 8

$
$
5 . 1 1 - 5 .9 5

3#1'

1 ,3 0 3

4.2 5
4.2 2

4.2 9
4.2 8

3 .9 3 3 .8 5 -

139
139

4.0 9
4 .0 9

4.3 2
4.3 2

3 .7 0 - 4.3 6
3 .7 0 - 4.3 6

626
126

2.7 0
3.3 8

2.5 7
3.1 7

2 .5 2 3 .1 0 -

1 ,4 2 3

4 .6 7
4 .6 4

*

“

-

*

16

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MA NUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




2 .7 7
3 .8 4

14

30
9

39

342
1

50

24

68

13

1

65

11

_

19

10
8

_

2
2

15

F o o tn o te s

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y to tali ng the e a r n i n g s of a l l w o r k e r s an d d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
The m edian
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e sho w n; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown,
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e fi n e d b y Z r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r of t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r r at e.
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la te sh ift s.







■

• ' • ••n ia cn ,',

.a t'.i-

:i;

w

(.*

'
•

■

. v,

■

-

it-.?

ttu o rf

in tfb

-;

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp o se of p re p a rin g job d e sc rip tio n s for the B u re a u 's w age s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld staff in c la s s if y in g into a p p ro p riate
o ccup ation s w o rk e rs who a r e em p lo yed u n d er a v a r ie ty of p a y ro ll t it le s and d ifferen t w ork a rra n g e m e n ts from esta b lis h m e n t to esta b lish m e n t and
from a r e a to a r e a . T his p e rm its the grouping of o ccup atio n al w age r a te s re p re s e n tin g c o m p arab le job content. B e c a u se of th is em p h asis on
in te re sta b lish m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility of o ccup atio n al content, the B u re a u 's job d e s c rip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly from tho se in u se in
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p re p a re d for o th er p u rp o se s. In ap p lyin g th e s e job d e s c rip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld eco n o m ists a r e in stru c te d
to ex clud e w orking s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs; t r a in e e s ; and h andicap ped, p a r t- tim e , te m p o ra ry , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o rk e r s .

OFFICE
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b ills , and in v o ices on a m a ch in e o th er than an o r d in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a lso keep re c o rd s a s to b illin g s or shipping c h a r g e s or p erfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s. F o r w age stud y p u rp o se s, b ille r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s if ie d by typ e of m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s:
B ille r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (com bination typing
and adding m ach in e) to p r e p a re b ills and in v o ic e s fro m c u sto m e rs ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in te r ­
n a lly p re p a re d o r d e r s , shipping m em o ran d u m s, e tc . U s u a lly in v o lv es ap p lica tio n of p r e ­
d eterm in ed d isco un ts and shipping c h a rg e s and e n try of n e c e s s a r y ex te n sio n s, w hich m a y or
m a y not be com puted on the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w hich a r e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated
by m a c h in e . The o p eratio n u s u a lly in v o lv es a la r g e num b er of carb o n co p ies of the b ill bein g
p re p a re d and is often done on a fanfold m a c h in e .
B ille r , m ach in e (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping m ach in e (w ith o r w ithout
a ty p e w r ite r k eyb o ard ) to p r e p a re c u sto m e rs ' b ills a s p a rt of the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tio n . G en e ra lly in v o lv es the sim u ltan eo u s e n try of f ig u re s on c u sto m e rs ' le d g e r re c o rd . The
m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s f ig u re s on a nu m b er of v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes
and u s u a lly p rin ts a u to m a tic a lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . Does not in vo lve a know l­
edge of bookkeeping. W orks from u niform and stan d ard typ e s of s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping m ach in e (w ith or w ithout a ty p e w r ite r keyb o ard) to keep a re c o rd
of b u sin e ss tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A. K eeps a se t of re c o rd s re q u irin g a know ledge of and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic
bookkeeping p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the str u c tu re of the p a r tic u la r accounting sy ste m
u sed . D eterm in es p ro p er re c o rd s and d istrib u tio n of debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each
p h ase of the w ork. M ay p r e p a re co n so lid ated re p o r ts , b alan ce sh e e ts, and o th er re c o rd s
by hand.
C la s s B . K eeps a re c o rd of one or m o re p h ases o r se c tio n s of a se t of r e c o r d s ,u s u a lly
re q u irin g lit t le know ledge of b a s ic bookkeeping. P h a s e s or se ctio n s inclu de acco u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u sto m e rs ' accou nts (not in clu d in g a sim p le type of b illin g d e s c rib e d under b ille r ,
m a ch in e), co st d istrib u tio n , expen se d istrib u tio n , in v en to ry co n tro l, e tc . M ay check or a s s is t
in p re p a ra tio n of t r i a l b a la n c e s and p re p a re co n tro l sh eets for the accounting d ep a rtm en t.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
P e rfo rm s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l ta s k s such a s po sting to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s :
re c o n c ilin g bank acco u n ts; v e rify in g the in te rn a l c o n siste n c y , c o m p leten ess, and m a th e m a tic a l
a c c u r a c y of accounting d ocum ents; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d istrib u tio n co d es; ex am in in g
and v e rify in g for c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s typ e s of r e p o r ts , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g, e tc .;
o r p re p a rin g sim p le o r a s s is t in g in p re p a rin g m o re co m p licate d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs. M ay w ork
in e ith e r a m an u al o r auto m ated accounting s y s te m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a know ledge of c le r ic a l m ethods and office p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s
w hich r e la t e s to the c le r ic a l p r o c e s sin g and re c o rd in g of tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm atio n .
With e x p e rie n c e , the w o rk e r t y p ic a lly beco m es f a m ilia r w ith the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and p ro c e d u re s u sed in the a ss ig n e d w ork, but is not re q u ire d to have a know ledge of the fo rm al
p r in c ip le s of bookkeeping and acco u n tin g.




P o sitio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is of the follow ing d efin itio n s.
C la s s A . U nder g e n e ra l su p e rv isio n , p erfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l op eratio n s which
re q u ire the ap p lica tio n of e x p e rie n c e and jud gm en t, for e x a m p le, c le r ic a lly p ro cessin g com ­
p lic a te d o r n o n rep etitiv e accounting tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g among a su b sta n tial v a rie ty of
p r e s c r ib e d accou nting codes and c la s s if ic a tio n s , o r tra c in g tra n s a c tio n s through p revio u s
accou nting actio n s to d e term in e so u rce of d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one or m o re
c la s s B accounting c le r k s .
C la s s B . U nder c lo s e su p e rv isio n , follow ing d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and stan d ard iz ed p ro ­
c e d u re s , p erfo rm s one o r m o re ro utin e accounting c le r ic a l o p era tio n s, such as posting to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , or w o rk sh eets w h ere id en tific a tio n of item s and lo catio n s of po stings a r e
c le a r ly in d ic a te d ; ch eckin g a c c u ra c y and c o m p leten ess of sta n d a rd iz ed and re p e titiv e re c o rd s
o r accounting docum ents; and coding docum ents u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
F ile s , c la s s if ie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy s te m . M ay p erfo rm
c le r ic a l and m a n u a l ta s k s re q u ire d to m a in ta in f ile s . P o sitio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is of the follow ing d efin itio n s.
C la s s A . C la s s if ie s and in d ex es file m a t e r ia l such a s co rresp o n d en ce , re p o rts , tech ­
n ic a l d ocu m ents, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m containing a num ber of v a ried su b ject
m a tte r f ile s . M ay a lso f ile th is m a t e r ia l. M ay keep re c o rd s of v a rio u s typ es in conjunction
w ith th e f ile s . M ay le a d a s m a ll group of lo w er le v e l f ile c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o rts , co d e s, and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by sim p le (su b ject m a tte r) h ead ­
in gs o r p a r tly c la s s if ie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su b h ead in gs. P re p a re s sim p le re la te d index and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . As re q u e ste d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and fo r­
w ard s m a t e r ia l. M ay p erfo rm r e la te d c le r ic a l ta s k s re q u ire d to m a in ta in and s e rv ic e f ile s .
C la s s C . P e rfo rm s ro utine filin g of m a te r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s if ie d or w hich
is e a s ily c la s s if ie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a tio n sy ste m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, ch ro n o lo gical,
o r n u m e r ic a l). As re q u e ste d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw ard s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i ll out w ith d raw al c h a rg e . M ay p erfo rm sim p le c le r ic a l and m anu al ta s k s
re q u ire d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .
CLERK , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs ' o r d e rs for m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il, phone, or p e rso n a lly .
D uties in volve any com bination of the fo llo w in g: Quoting p r ic e s to c u sto m e rs ; m aking out an o rd e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r; ch eckin g p r ic e s and q u a n tities of ite m s on o rd e r
sh eet; and d istrib u tin g o rd e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay check with c re d it
d ep artm en t to d e term in e c r e d it ra tin g of c u sto m e r, ackno w ledge re c e ip t of o r d e rs from c u sto m e rs,
follow up o r d e rs to se e that th ey have been f ille d , keep file of o r d e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ag es of com pany em p lo yees and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y d ata on the p a y ro ll
s h e e ts . D uties in vo lve: C alc u la tin g w o rk e r s ' e a rn in g s b ased on tim e o r production re c o rd s ; and
po sting c a lc u la te d d ata on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo rm atio n such a s w o r k e r 's nam e, w orking
d a y s , tim e , r a te , deductions fo r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w ag es due. M ay m ake out p aych eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up and d istrib u tin g pay en velo p es. M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m ach in e.

NOTE: The B u reau has d isco n tin u ed c o lle c tin g d ata for co m p to m eter o p e ra to rs.

17

18
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O p erates a keypunch m ach in e to re c o rd o r v e r if y a lp h ab e tic and/or n u m eric d ata on
tab u la tin g c a rd s o r on ta p e .

NOTE: The te rm " c o rp o rate o ffic e r, " u sed in the le v e l d efin itio n s follow ing, r e f e r s to
tho se o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o rp o ra te -w id e p o licym akin g ro le with re g a rd to m a jo r
com pany a c tiv itie s . The t itle " v ic e p r e s id e n t," though n o rm a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o le , does not
in a ll c a s e s id en tify such p o sitio n s. V ice p re sid e n ts w hose p r im a r y re s p o n s ib ility is to a c t p e r ­
so n a lly on in d iv id u al c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., approve o r deny in d iv id u al loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s;
a d m in iste r in d iv id u al tr u s t acco u n ts; d ir e c tly s u p e rv ise a c le r ic a l staff) a r e not c o n sid ere d to be
" c o rp o rate o ffic e r s " for p u rp o ses of ap p lyin g the follow ing le v e l d e fin itio n s.

P o sitio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is of the follow ing d efin itio n s.
C la s s A . Work re q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n of e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent in se le c tin g p r o c e ­
d u re s to be follow ed and in s e a rc h in g fo r, in te rp re tin g , s e le c tin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fro m a v a r ie t y of so u rc e d ocu m ents. On o c c a s ig n m a y a ls o p erfo rm som e ro utine
keypunch w o rk . M ay tr a in in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to r s.
C la s s B . Work is ro utine and re p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e su p e rv isio n o r follow ing s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fro m v a rio u s sta n d a rd iz e d so u rce docum ents w hich have
been coded, and follow s sp e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire
litt le o r no s e le c tin g , cod in g, o r in te rp re tin g of d ata to be re c o rd e d . R e fe r s to s u p e rv iso r
p ro b lem s a r is in g fro m erro n eo u s ite m s o r codes o r m is s in g in fo rm atio n .
MESSENGER (O ffice Boy o r G irl)
P e rfo rm s v a rio u s ro utin e d u ties such a s running e r r a n d s , o p eratin g m in o r office m a ­
ch in es such a s s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
E xclude p o sitio n s th at re q u ir e o p era tio n of a m o to r v e h ic le a s a sig n ific a n t duty.
SECRETA RY
A ssig n ed a s p e rso n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M ain tain s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
re sp o n siv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork of the s u p e rv is o r . W orks f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m of d e ta ile d su p e rv isio n and g u id an ce. P e rfo rm s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o st of the fo llo w in g :
a . R e c e iv e s teleph one c a l ls , p e rso n a l c a l le r s , and inco m ing m a il, a n s w e rs ro utin e
in q u ir e s , and ro u tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p ro p er p e rso n s;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s , m a in ta in s , and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

c.

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k es appointm ents a s in s tru c te d ;

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s from s u p e rv is o r to su b o rd in a tes;

e. R ev iew s c o rresp o n d en ce , m em o ran d u m s, and re p o rts p re p a re d by o th ers fo r the
s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu re to a s s u r e p ro c e d u ra l and typ o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

P e rfo rm s sten o grap h ic and typ in g w ork.

M ay a lso p erfo rm o th er c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l t a s k s of co m p arab le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s know ledge of office ro utin e and u n derstan din g of the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u re s re la te d to the w ork of the s u p e rv is o r .
E x clu sio n s
Not a ll p o sitio n s th at a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c te r is t ic s . E xam p les
of p o sitio n s w hich a r e ex clud ed fro m the d efin itio n a r e a s fo llo w s:
a.

P o sitio n s w hich do not m ee t the " p e rso n a l" s e c r e t a r y concept d e s c rib e d above;

b.

S ten o g rap h ers not f u lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l typ e d u ties;

c. S ten o g rap h ers s e rv in g a s office a s s is t a n t s to a group of p ro fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, or
m a n a g e r ia l p e rso n s;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o sitio n s in w hich the d u ties a r e e ith e r su b s ta n tia lly m o re ro utin e or
s u b s ta n tia lly m o re com plex and re sp o n sib le than tho se c h a r a c te riz e d in the d efin itio n ;
e. A s s is ta n t typ e p o sitio n s w hich involve m o re d iffic u lt o r m o re re sp o n sib le te c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e rv is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l d u ties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l of
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




C la s s A

1 S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm an of the board or presicfen t of a com pany that em p lo y s, in
.
a l l, o v er 10 but few er than 5 0 p e r s o n s ; or
0
,0 0
2 S e c r e ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (other than the ch a irm an of the bo ard or p re sid e n t)
.
of a com pany that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v er 5 0 but few e r than 2 ,0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
,0 0
50
3 S e c r e ta r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly below the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l, of a m a jo r
.
segm en t or s u b s id ia r y of a com pany th at em p lo ys, in a l l, o ver 2 ,0 0 p e r s o n s .
50
C la s s B

1 S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm an of the bo ard or p re sid e n t of a com pany that em p lo y s, in
.
a il, few er than 10 p e r s o n s ; o r
0
2 S e c r e ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (other than the c h a irm a n of the bo ard or p re sid e n t)
.
of a com pany that e m p lo ys, in a l l, o v er 10but few er than 5 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
0
,0 0
3 S e c r e ta r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v er e ith e r a m a jo r
.
c o rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p era tio n s, in d u s tria l r e l a ­
tio n s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r geo g rap h ic or o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ( e .g ., a re g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) of a com pany that e m p lo ys, in a il, o v er 5 0 but few er than 2 ,0 0
,0 0
50
e m p lo y e e s; or
4 S e c r e ta r y to the head of an in d iv id u al p la n t, fa c to ry , e tc . (or o th er eq u iv alen t le v e l
.
of o ffic ia l) that em p lo y s, in a l l, o v er 5 0 p e r s o n s ; or
,0 0
5 S e c r e ta r y to the head of a la r g e and im p o rtan t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
.
m an agem en t su p e rv is o r of an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often involving a s m any a s s e v e r a l
hundred p erso n s) or a com pany th at em p lo y s, in a ll, o v er 2 ,0 0 p e r s o n s .
50
C la s s C

1 S e c r e ta r y to an e x ecu tiv e or m a n a g e ria l p erso n w hose re s p o n s ib ility i s not eq u iv a len t
.
to one of the s p e c ific le v e l situ a tio n s in the d efin itio n for c la s s B, but w hose o rg a n iz a tio n a l
unit n o rm a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen em p lo yees and is u s u a lly d ivided into o r g a n iz a ­
tio n al se g m en ts w hich a r e often , in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d ivid ed . In som e co m p an ies, th is le v e l
in clu d es a w ide ra n g e of o rg a n iz a tio n a l ech elo n s; in o th e rs , o n ly one o r two; or
2 S e c r e ta r y to the head of an in d iv id u al p lan t, fa c to ry , e tc . (or oth er eq u iv alen t le v e l
.
of o ffic ia l) that em p lo ys, in a l l, few er than 5 0 p e r s o n s .
,0 0
C la s s D

1 S e c r e ta r y to the su p e rv is o r o r
.
2 o r 3 p e rso n s); m*
5
0
2 S e c r e ta r y to a n o n su p e rv iso ry
.

head of a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., few er than

about

staff s p e c ia lis t, p ro fe s sio n a l em p lo yee, a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n ic ian o r e x p e rt. (NOTE: M any com panies a s s ig n
ste n o g ra p h e rs, ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s a s d e s c rib e d above, to th is le v e l of s u p e rv iso r y or
n o n su p e rv iso ry w o rk e r.)
STENOGRAPHER
P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d icta tio n u sin g sh o rth an d, and to tr a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M ay
a lso type fro m w ritte n cop y. M ay o p era te from a sten o grap h ic pool. M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e
from vo ice re c o rd in g s (if p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fro m r e c o rd in g s , se e T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p erato r, G en eral).
NOTE: T his job is d istin g u ish e d fro m th at of a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly
w o rks in a co n fid en tial re la tio n s h ip w ith only one m a n a g e r o r e x ecu tiv e and p erfo rm s m o re
re sp o n sib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta s k s a s d e s c rib e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d efin itio n .
S ten o g rap h er, G en eral
D ictation in v o lv es a n o rm al ro utine v o c a b u la ry . M ay m a in ta in f ile s , keep sim p le re c o r d s ,
o r p erfo rm o th er r e la tiv e ly ro u tin e c le r ic a l ta s k s .

19
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R (E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S ten o g rap h er, Sen io r

P o sitio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is of the follow ing d efin itio n s.

D ictation in v o lv es a v a rie d te c h n ic a l o r sp e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such a s in le g a l b rie fs
o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso se t up and m a in ta in f ile s , keep re c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e rfo rm s sten o grap h ic d u ties re q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r independence and re sp o n ­
s ib ilit y than ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l, a s evid enced by the follow ing: Work r e q u ir e s a high
d e g re e of sten o grap h ic sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a thorough w orking know ledge of g e n e ra l b u sin e ss
and o ffice p ro ced u re; and of the s p e c ific b u sin e ss o p e ra tio n s, o rg a n iza tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u re s , f ile s , w orkflow , e tc . U ses th is know ledge in p erfo rm in g sten o grap h ic d u ties and
re sp o n sib le c le r ic a l ta s k s such a s m ain ta in in g follow up f ile s ; a ss e m b lin g m a te r ia l for re p o r ts ,
m em o ran d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com posing sim p le le t t e r s from g e n e ra l in s tru c tio n s; re ad in g and
routing incom ing m a il; and a n sw e rin g ro utin e q u estio n s, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la s s A. O p erates a sin g le - or m u ltip le -p o sitio n telephone sw itch b o ard handling inco m ing,
outgoing, in tra p la n t or o ffice c a lls . P e rfo rm s fu ll telephone in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o r h an d les
com plex c a lls , such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , or s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in additio n to
doing ro utine w ork as d e s c rib e d for sw itch b o ard o p e ra to r, c la s s B, or a s a fu ll-tim e
a ssig n m e n t. (" F u ll" telephone in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs when the e s ta b lish m en t h as v a rie d
functions that a r e not r e a d ily u n d erstan d ab le for teleph one in fo rm atio n p u rp o se s, e .g ., b ecau se
of o v erlap p in g o r in te rr e la te d fu nctions, and co n seq u en tly p re se n t freq u en t p ro b lem s a s to
w hich ex ten sio n s a re ap p ro p riate for c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p erates a sin g le - or m u ltip le -p o sitio n teleph one sw itch b o ard handling inco m ing,
outgoing, in tra p la n t or office c a lls . M ay handle ro utine long d ista n c e c a lls and re c o rd to lls .
M ay p erfo rm lim ite d telephone in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e . (" L im ite d " telephone in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e
o c c u rs if the functions of the esta b lish m e n t s e rv ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d erstan d ab le for telephone
in fo rm atio n p u rp o se s, o r if the re q u e sts a r e ro u tin e, e .g ., givin g ex ten sio n n u m b ers when
s p e c ific nam es a r e fu rn ish ed , o r if co m p lex c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to anoth er o p e ra to r.)
T hese c la s s if ic a tio n s do not in clu d e sw itch b o ard o p e ra to rs in telephone co m p an ies who
a s s is t cu sto m e rs in p lacin g c a lls .
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to p erfo rm in g d u ties of o p era to r on a s in g le -p o sitio n or m o n ito r-ty p e sw itc h ­
b o ard , a c ts a s re c e p tio n is t and m a y a lso type o r p erfo rm ro utin e c le r ic a l w ork a s p a rt of r e g u la r
d u tie s . T his typing o r c le r ic a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r p a r t of th is w o rk e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itch b o ard .
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E le c tric A ccounting M ach in e O perator)
O p erates one o r a v a r ie ty of m ach in es such a s the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla to r, in te r ­
p r e te r , s o r te r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc . E xcluded from th is d efin itio n a r e w orking s u p e rv is o r s .
A lso exclud ed a r e o p e ra to rs of e le c tro n ic d ig ita l co m p u te rs, even though th ey m a y a lso o p era te
EAM equipm ent.

C la s s A. P e rfo rm s com plete re p o rtin g and tab u latin g a ssig n m e n ts including d ev isin g
d iffic u lt co n tro l panel w irin g under g e n e ra l su p e rv isio n . A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly involve a
v a r ie ty of long and com plex re p o rts which often a r e ir r e g u la r or n o n rec u rrin g , re q u irin g
som e planning of the n atu re and sequ encin g of o p era tio n s, and the u se of a v a rie ty of m a ­
ch in es. Is t y p ic a lly involved in tra in in g new o p era to rs in m ach in e o p eratio n s or tra in in g
lo w er le v e l o p e ra to rs in w irin g from d ia g ra m s and in the o p eratin g seq u en ces of long and
com plex re p o r ts . Does not in clu d e p o sitio n s in w hich w irin g re sp o n sib ility is lim ite d to
se le c tio n and in s e rtio n of p re w ire d b o ard s.
C la s s B. P e rfo rm s w ork a cco rd in g to e sta b lish e d p ro ced u res and under sp ecific in ­
s tru c tio n s. A ssig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly involve co m p lete but routine and r e c u r rin g re p o rts o r p a rts
of la r g e r and m o re com plex re p o r ts . O p erates m o re d iffic u lt tab u la tin g or e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m ach in es such a s the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es
u sed by c la s s C o p e ra to r s . M ay be re q u ire d to do som e w irin g from d ia g ra m s . M ay tra in
new em p lo yees in b a sic m ach in e o p era tio n s.
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s, o p e ra te s sim p le tab u la tin g or e le c tr ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such a s the s o r te r , in te r p r e te r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla to r, e tc . A ssign m en ts
ty p ic a lly in volve po rtions of a w ork unit, for ex am p le, in d ivid ual so rtin g or c o lla tin g ru n s,
o r re p e titiv e o p e ra tio n s. M ay p erfo rm sim p le w irin g from d ia g ra m s , and do som e filin g w ork.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ictatio n involving a n o rm al routine vo ca b u la ry from
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e re c o rd s . M ay a lso typ e from w ritten copy and do sim p le c le r ic a l w ork.
W o rkers tr a n s c rib in g d ictatio n involving a v a rie d te ch n ica l or sp e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la ry such as
le g a l b r ie fs or re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not inclu ded. A w o rk er who ta k e s d ictatio n
in shorthand o r by Stenotype or s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s if ie d a s a sten o g rap h er.
TYPIST
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake co p ies of v a rio u s m a te r ia ls or to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
tio n s have been m ade by another p erso n . M ay include typing of s te n c ils , m a ts , or s im ila r m a te ­
r i a l s for u se in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w ork involving little sp e c ia l tra in in g , such
a s keep in g sim p le re c o rd s , filin g re c o rd s and re p o r ts , o r so rtin g and d istrib u tin g incom ing m a il.
C la s s A . P e rfo rm s one o r m o re of the follow ing: Typing m a te ria l in fin al form when
it in v o lv es com bining m a te r ia l from s e v e r a l s o u rc e s: o r re sp o n sib ility for c o r re c t sp e llin g ,
sy lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., of tech n ic a l or unusual w ords or fo reign lan gu age m a te ­
r ia l; or planning layo u t and typing of co m p licated s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity
and b alan ce in sp a c in g . M ay type ro utine form le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to su it c irc u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e rfo rm s one or m o re of the fo llo w in g: Copy typing from rough or c le a r
d ra fts ; o r ro utine typing of fo rm s, in su ran c e p o lic ie s , e tc .; o r se ttin g up sim p le stan d ard
tab u la tio n s; or copying m o re com plex ta b le s a lr e a d y se t up and sp aced p ro p e rly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o nitors and o p e ra te s the con trol con so le of a d ig ita l com pu ter to p ro c e s s d ata a cco rd in g
to o p eratin g in s tru c tio n s, u s u a lly p re p a re d by a p r o g r a m e r. W ork in clu d es m o st of the fo llo w in g:
Stu d ies in stru c tio n s to d e term in e equipm ent setup and o p era tio n s; lo ad s equipm ent w ith re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e tc .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equip m ent into c ir c u it , and s ta r ts
and o p e ra te s com pu ter; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to com puter to c o r r e c t o p eratin g p ro b lem s and m ee t
s p e c ia l con d itio ns; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade d u ring o p eratio n and d e te rm in e s ca u se o r r e f e r s p ro b lem
to su p e rv is o r o r p r o g r a m e r; and m a in ta in s o p eratin g re c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t in c o rre c tin g
p ro g ra m .
F or w age study p u rp o se s, com puter o p e ra to rs a r e c la s s if ie d as follow s:
C la s s A. O p erates ind ep end en tly, o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ire c tio n , a com pu ter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st of the follow ing c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : New p ro g ram s a r e freq u e n tly te ste d
and intro d uced ; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts a r e of c r it ic a l im p o rtan ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p ro g ra m s a r e of com plex d esig n so that id e n tifica tio n of e r r o r so u rc e often re q u ir e s a
w orking know ledge of the to tal p ro g ra m , and a lte rn a te p ro g ra m s m a y not be a v a ila b le . M ay
giv e d ire c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w er le v e l o p e ra to r s.
C la s s B. O perates ind ep end en tly, o r under only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n , a com pu ter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st of the follow ing c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M ost of the p ro g ra m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
production ru n s , ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly re c u r r in g b a s is ; th ere is litt le o r no te stin g




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p ro g ra m s re q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p ro g ra m s a r e provided in c a s e o rig in a l p ro gram needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r re c te d w ithin a re a s o n a b le tim e . In common e r r o r s itu a ­
tio n s, d ia g n o ses c a u se and ta k e s c o r re c tiv e actio n . T his u s u a lly in v o lv es applying p re v io u sly
p ro g ram ed c o r re c tiv e ste p s, o r u sin g stan d ard c o rre c tio n tech n iq u es.
OR
O p erates under d ir e c t su p e rv isio n a com puter running p ro g ram s o r segm en ts of p ro g ram s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is t ic s d e s c rib e d fo r c la s s A. M ay a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p erato r by in d e­
p en dently p erfo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p erfo rm in g d iffic u lt ta sk s follow ing
d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and w ith freq u ent re v ie w of o p eratio n s p erfo rm ed .
C la s s C . W orks on ro utine p ro g ra m s under c lo s e su p e rv isio n . Is expected to develop
w orking know ledge of the com puter equipm ent u sed and a b ility to d etect p ro b lem s involved in
running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has re c e iv e d som e fo rm al tra in in g in com puter o p eratio n .
M ay a s s is t h ig h er le v e l o p era to r on com plex p ro g ra m s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
C o n verts sta tem e n ts of b u sin e ss p ro b lem s, t y p ic a lly p re p a re d by a s y ste m s a n a ly s t, into
a sequ en ce of d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w hich a r e re q u ire d to so lve the p ro b lem s by auto m atic data
p ro c e s s in g eq uip m ent. W orking from c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p ro g ra m e r d evelop s the p r e c is e in ­
stru c tio n s w hich, when e n te red into the com pu ter sy ste m in coded la n g u a g e , c a u se the m an ip u latio n

20
CO M PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

of d ata to a c h iev e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . Work in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g: A p p lies know ledge of
com pu ter c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo gic em ployed by c o m p u ters, and p a r tic u la r su b ject m a tte r
involved to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g ra m s of the p ro b lem to be p ro g ram ed : d evelop s sequ ence
of p ro g ram ste p s: w rite s d e ta ile d flow c h a rts to show o rd e r in which d ata w ill be p r o c e s se d :
co n v erts th e s e c h a r ts to coded in s tru c tio n s for m ach in e to follow : te s ts and c o r r e c ts p ro g ra m s;
p r e p a re s in s tru c tio n s for o p eratin g p erso n n el d u rin g productio n ru n; a n a ly z e s , re v ie w s , and a lte r s
p ro g ra m s to in c r e a s e o p eratin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts; m a in ta in s re c o rd s of
p ro g ram develop m ent and re v is io n s . (NOTE: W o rk ers p erfo rm in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro ­
g ram in g should be c la s s if ie d a s sy s te m s a n a ly s ts if th is is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th e ir p ay.)
Does not in clu d e em p lo yees p r im a r ily re sp o n sib le for the m an agem en t o r su p e rv isio n of
o th er e le c tro n ic d ata p ro c e s sin g e m p lo y e e s , or p r o g r a m e rs p r im a r ily co n cern ed v/ith sc ie n tific
and/or en g in e e rin g p ro b le m s.
F o r w age stud y p u rp o se s, p r o g r a m e rs a r e c la s s if ie d a s follow s:
C la s s A . W orks ind ep end en tly or und er only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on com plex p ro b lem s w hich
re q u ire com peten ce in a ll p h ases of p ro g ra m in g con cepts and p r a c tic e s . W orking from d ia ­
g ra m s and c h a r ts w hich id en tify the n a tu re of d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p ro c e s sin g step s to be
acco m p lish e d , and the re la tio n s h ip s betw een v a rio u s step s of the p ro b lem so lvin g ro u tin e;
p lan s the full ra n g e of p ro g ram in g actio n s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the com puter sy stem
in ach iev in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u cts.
At th is le v e l, p ro g ram in g is d iffic u lt b ec au se com puter equipm ent m u st be o rg a n iz ed to
produce s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts from num erous and d iv e r s e d ata e le m e n ts.
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n siv e num b er of in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g actio n s m u st o c c u r. T his r e q u ire s
such actio n s a s d evelop m ent of com m on o p era tio n s w hich can be re u s e d , e sta b lish m e n t of
lin k a g e points betw een o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm e n ts to d ata when p ro g ram re q u ire m e n ts exceed
co m p u ter sto ra g e c a p a c ity , and su b s ta n tia l m an ip u latio n and re seq u e n cin g of d ata elem en ts
to form a h ig h ly in te g ra te d p ro g ra m .
M ay p ro vid e functional d ire c tio n to lo w er le v e l p r o g r a m e rs who a r e a ss ig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W orks ind ep end en tly o r und er on ly g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly sim p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le se g m en ts of co m p lex p r o g r a m s . P ro g ra m s (or se g m en ts) u s u a lly
p ro c e s s in fo rm atio n to produce d ata in two o r th re e v a rie d seq u en ces o r fo rm a ts. R ep o rts
and lis t in g s a r e produced by re fin in g , a d ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad d itio n s to or
d eletio n s from input d ata w hich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le . While nu m erou s re c o rd s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d ata h av e been re fin ed in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and sequ encin g
of d ata can be te s te d by u sin g a few ro utine c h e c k s. T y p ic a lly , the p ro g ram d e a ls with
ro utine re c o rd -k e e p in g type o p e ra tio n s.
OR
W orks on co m p lex p ro g ra m s (a s d e s c rib e d for c la s s A) under c lo s e d ire c tio n of a h ig h er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e rv is o r . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l p ro g ra m e r by indep enden tly p e r ­
fo rm in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p erfo rm in g m o re d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a ir ly c lo se
d ire c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s tr u c t lo w er le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c tic a l ap p lic a tio n s of p ro g ram in g p r a c tic e s and con cepts u s u a lly
le a rn e d in fo rm al tra in in g c o u r s e s . A ssig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to d evelop com peten ce in the
a p p lica tio n of sta n d a rd p ro c e d u re s to ro utine p ro b le m s. R e c e iv e s c lo se su p e rv isio n on new
a s p e c ts of a ss ig n m e n ts; and w ork is re v iew ed to v e r if y its a c c u ra c y and con form an ce with
re q u ire d p ro c e d u re s .
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
A n a lyz es b u sin e ss p ro b lem s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s for so lvin g them by u se of e le c tro n ic
d a ta p ro c e s sin g equip m ent. Develops a co m p lete d e s c rip tio n of a ll sp e c ific atio n s needed to enab le
p r o g r a m e rs to p r e p a re re q u ire d d ig ita l com puter p r o g r a m s . Work in vo lves m o st of the fo llo w in g:
A n a lyz es s u b je c t-m a tte r o p era tio n s to be auto m ated and id e n tifie s conditions and c r it e r ia re q u ire d
to a c h iev e s a tis f a c to r y r e s u lt s ; sp e c ifie s num ber and ty p e s of re c o rd s , f ile s , and docum ents to
be u sed ; o u tlin es actio n s to be p erfo rm ed by p erso n n el and com pu ters in su fficien t d e ta il for
p re se n ta tio n to m an agem en t and for p ro g ram in g (ty p ic a lly th is in vo lves p re p a ra tio n of w ork and
d ata flow c h a r ts ); co o rd in ates the d evelop m ent of t e s t p ro b lem s and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l ru n s of
new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and reco m m en d s equipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o re e ffectiv e o v e r a ll
o p e ra tio n s . (NOTE: W o rk ers p erfo rm in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ram in g should be c l a s ­
sifie d a s s y s te m s a n a ly s ts if th is is the s k ill u sed to d ete rm in e th e ir p ay.)

COM PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

e v e ry item of each typ e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s se d through the fu ll sy ste m of re c o rd s and
a p p ro p riate follow up a ctio n s a r e in itia te d by the com puter.) C o n fers with p erso n s con cern ed to
d e term in e the d ata p ro c e s sin g p ro b lem s and a d v ise s s u b je c t-m a tte r p erso n n el on the im p lic a ­
tio n s of new o r re v is e d sy s te m s of d ata p r o c e s sin g o p era tio n s. M akes re co m m e n d atio n s, if
needed, for ap p ro val of m a jo r sy s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and for ob tainin g equip m ent.
M ay p rovide functional d ire c tio n to lo w er le v e l sy s te m s a n a ly s ts who a re a ss ig n e d to
a s s is t .
C la s s B . W orks indep enden tly o r under only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on p ro b lem s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n co m p licated to a n a ly z e , plan, p ro g ra m , and o p e ra te . P ro b le m s a r e of lim ite d
co m p lex ity b e c au se so u rc e s of input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a r e c lo s e ly
re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le , d ev elo p s s y s te m s for m a in ta in in g d ep o sito r accou nts in a bank,
m a in ta in in g acco u n ts re c e iv a b le in a r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain ta in in g in ven to ry acco u n ts
in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le sale es ta b lis h m e n t.) C onfers w ith p erso n s con cern ed to d e term in e
the data p ro c e s sin g p ro b lem s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p erso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s of the
data p ro c e s sin g s y s te m s to be a p p lied .
OR
W orks on a segm en t of a com plex d ata p r o c e s sin g sch em e or s y s te m , as d e s c rib e d for
c la s s A. W orks in d ep en d en tly on ro utine a ss ig n m e n ts and re c e iv e s in stru c tio n and guidan ce
on com plex a s s ig n m e n ts . Work is re v iew ed for a c c u ra c y of ju d g m en t, co m p lian ce w ith in ­
s tru c tio n s, and to in s u r e p ro p er a lin em en t w ith the o v e r a ll sy s te m .
C la s s C . W orks under im m ed ia te su p e rv isio n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s a s a ss ig n e d , u s u a lly
of a sin g le a c tiv ity . A ssig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to develop and expand p r a c tic a l e x p e rie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n of p ro c e d u re s and s k ills re q u ire d for s y s te m s a n a ly s is w ork. F o r e x a m p le,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l sy s te m s a n a ly s t by p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d sp e c ific a tio n s re q u ire d
by p r o g r a m e rs from in fo rm atio n developed by the h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.
DRAFTSMAN
C la s s A . P la n s the grap h ic p re se n tatio n of com plex ite m s h avin g d istin c tiv e d esig n
fe a tu r e s th at d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly from e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W orks in c lo s e su p­
p o rt w ith the d esig n o r ig in a to r, and m a y recom m end m in o r d esig n c h a n g e s. A n a lyz es the
effect of each change on the d e ta ils of fo rm , function, and p o sitio n al re la tio n s h ip s of co m ­
ponents and p a r ts . W orks w ith a m in im u m of s u p e rv is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C om pleted w ork is
re v iew ed by d esig n o rig in a to r for c o n siste n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s. M ay
e ith e r p r e p a re d ra w in g s , o r d ire c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w er lev el d ra ftsm en .
C la s s B. P e rfo rm s nonroutine and co m p lex d ra ftin g a ss ig n m e n ts that re q u ire the a p p li­
catio n of m o st of the sta n d a rd iz ed d raw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u sed . D uties t y p ic a lly in ­
volve such w ork a s : P r e p a r e s w orking d ra w in g s of su b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh a p e s,
m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and p r e c is e p o sitio n al re la tio n s h ip s betw een com ponents; p r e p a re s a r c h i­
te c tu r a l d ra w in g s fo r co n stru ctio n of a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s of foundations, w all
se c tio n s, flo o r p la n s , and ro of. U ses accep te d fo rm u la s and m a n u a ls in m akin g n e c e s s a r y
com pu tation s to d ete rm in e q u a n titie s of m a t e r ia ls to be u sed , load c a p a c itie s , stre n g th s,
s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s in itia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ire m e n ts , and ad v ice from s u p e rv is o r .
C om pleted w ork is ch ecked for te c h n ic a l ad eq u acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s of sin g le u nits o r p a r ts for e n g in e e rin g , co n stru ctio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o se s. T ypes of d ra w in g s p re p a re d in clu d e iso m e tric p ro je c tio n s
(d ep ictin g th re e d im en sio n s in a c c u ra te s c a le ) and se ctio n a l v iew s to c la r if y p o sitio n in g of
com ponents and convey needed in fo rm atio n . C o n so lid ates d e ta ils from a num ber of so u rc e s
and a d ju s ts o r tra n s p o s e s s c a le a s re q u ire d . S u ggested m ethods of ap p ro ach , a p p lica b le
p re c e d e n ts , and ad v ice on so u rc e m a t e r ia ls a r e given with in itia l a ss ig n m e n ts. In stru ctio n s
a r e le s s co m p lete when a ss ig n m e n ts r e c u r . Work m a y be sp o t-ch eck ed du rin g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
C opies p lan s and d ra w in g s p re p a re d by o th ers by p la cin g tra c in g cloth o r p ap er over
d ra w in g s and tra c in g with pen o r p e n c il. (Does not in clu d e tra c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n sistin g of s tr a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d elin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r re p e titiv e d ra w in g s of e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s . W ork is c lo s e ly su p e rv ise d
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

Does not in clu d e em p lo yees p r im a r ily re sp o n sib le fo r the m an agem en t or su p e rv isio n
of oth er e le c tro n ic d ata p ro c e s sin g e m p lo y e e s , o r sy s te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r ily co n cern ed with
s c ie n tific o r en g in e e rin g p ro b lem s.
F o r w age study p u rp o se s, s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s if ie d a s fo llo w s:

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
W orks on v a rio u s ty p e s of e le c tro n ic equipm ent or s y s te m s by p erfo rm in g one o r m o re
of the follow ing o p era tio n s: M o difyin g, in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v erh a u lin g . T hese o p era tio n s
re q u ire the p e rfo rm a n ce of m o st o r a ll of the follow ing ta s k s : A sse m b lin g , te stin g , a d ju stin g ,
c a lib ra tin g , tu ning, and a lin in g .

C la s s A . W orks ind ep end en tly o r under only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on com plex p ro b lem s in ­
volving a ll p h ases of s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P ro b lem s a r e com plex b ecau se of d iv e rs e so u rc e s of
input d ata and m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts of output d a ta . (F o r ex am p le, develo p s an in te g ra te d
productio n sc h ed u lin g , in v en to ry co n tro l, co st a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is re c o rd in which

W ork is n o n rep etitiv e and re q u ir e s a know ledge of the th e o ry and p r a c tic e of e le c tro n ic s
p erta in in g to the u se of g e n e ra l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c tro n ic te s t eq uip m ent; tro u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p eratio n , r e la tio n s h ip , and a lin em en t of e le c tro n ic s y s te m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u its having
a v a r ie ty of com ponent p a r ts .




21
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— C ontinued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL. (R e g is te re d )

E le c tro n ic equipm ent o r sy s te m s w orked on t y p ic a lly in clu d e one or m o re of the fo llo w in g:
G round, v e h ic le , or a irb o rn e ra d io com m u nicatio ns s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s te m s , n av igatio n a id s ;
a irb o rn e o r ground r a d a r s y s te m s ; ra d io and te le v is io n tra n s m ittin g o r re co rd in g s y s te m s ; e le c ­
tro n ic co m p u ters; m is s ile and s p a c e c ra ft gu id an ce and co n tro l s y s te m s ; in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ica tin g and co n tro llin g d e v ic e s ; etc.

A r e g is te r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l d irectio n to i l l or
in ju red em p lo yees or oth er p erso n s who becom e i l l or su ffer an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s of a
fa c to ry or o th er e sta b lis h m e n t. D uties involve a com bination of the fo llo w in g; Giving f ir s t aid
to the i l l or in ju re d ; attending to su bseq uen t d re s s in g of e m p lo yees' in ju r ie s ; keeping re c o rd s
of p atien ts tre a te d ; p re p a rin g accid en t re p o rts for com pen satio n or o th er p u rp o se s; a s s is tin g in
p h y sic a l e x am in atio n s and h ealth ev a lu a tio n s of ap p lica n ts and em p lo yees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p ro g ra m s involving h ealth ed u catio n , accid en t p rev en tio n , ev alu atio n of plant environm ent,
or o th er a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the h e a lth , w e lf a r e , and sa fe ty of a ll p erso n n el. N ursin g su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo ying m o re than one n u rse a r e excluded.

(E xclude production a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a fts m e n , d ra ftsm e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e rs ,
and re p a irm e n of such stan d ard e le c tro n ic equipm ent a s o ffice m a c h in e s, rad io and te le v isio n
re c e iv in g s e t s .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P e rfo rm s the c a rp e n try d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru c t and m a in ta in in good r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing woodwork and equipm ent such a s b in s, c r ib s , c o u n te rs, b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o rs, flo o rs,
s t a i r s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade of wood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in vo lves m o st of the fo llo w in g:
P lan n in g and la y in g out of w ork fro m b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e rb a l in s tru c tio n s; u sin g a
v a r ie ty of c a r p e n te r 's hand to ols, p o rtab le po w er to o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts; m a k ­
ing stan d ard shop com putations re la tin g to d im en sio n s of w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
for the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m a in ten an ce c a rp e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l ap p re n tic e sh ip or eq u iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e rfo rm s a v a r ie ty of e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such a s the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten an ce, or
r e p a ir of equipm ent for the g e n e ra tio n , d istrib u tio n , or u tiliz a tio n of e le c tr ic e n e rg y in an e s ta b ­
lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g; I n s ta llin g or r e p a ir in g any of a v a r ie ty of e le c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent such a s g e n e ra to r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , sw itc h b o a rd s, c o n tro lle rs , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs, h eatin g u n its, conduit s y s te m s , o r oth er tra n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rkin g fro m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts, or o th er sp e c ific a tio n s; lo ca tin g and d iagn o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l
sy s te m or equipm ent; w orking sta n d a rd com putations re la tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts of w irin g or
e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and u sin g a v a r ie t y of e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and te stin g
in s tru m e n ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m a in ta in s and m a y a lso s u p e rv ise the op eratio n of sta tio n a r y en g in es and
equipm ent (m e ch a n ica l or e le c t r ic a l) to supp ly the es ta b lis h m e n t in w hich em p lo yed w ith po w er,
h e a t, re fr ig e r a tio n , or a ir-c o n d itio n in g . W ork in v o lv e s: O perating and m a in ta in in g equipm ent
such a s stea m en g in es, a i r c o m p re s s o rs , g e n e r a to r s , m o to rs , tu rb in e s , v en tila tin g and r e f r ig ­
e ra tin g equipm ent, ste a m b o ile r s and b o ile r -fe d w a te r pum ps; m akin g equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keep in g a re co rd of op eration of m a c h in e ry , te m p e ra tu r e , and fu el consum ption. M ay a lso s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p era tio n s. H ead or c h ief e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo ying m o re than one
e n g in eer a r e e x clu d ed .

P ro d u c es re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a r ts in m akin g r e p a ir s of m e ta l p a rts of m ec h a n ica l
equipm ent o p erated in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in vo lves m o st of the follow ing: In terp re tin g w ritten
in s tru c tio n s and sp e c ific a tio n s; planning and la y in g out of w o rk; u sin g a v a r ie ty of m a c h in is t's
handtools and p r e c isio n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts; se ttin g up and o p eratin g sta n d a rd m ach in e to o ls;
shaping of m e ta l p a r ts to c lo s e to le ra n c e s ; m akin g sta n d a rd shop com putations re la tin g to d im en ­
sio n s of w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eeds of m ach in in g; know ledge of the w orking p ro p e rtie s of
the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent re q u ire d for h is w o rk;
and fittin g and a ss e m b lin g p a r ts into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w ork
n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m ach in e-sh o p p r a c tic e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm al
a p p re n ticesh ip or e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile rs to fu rn ish the es ta b lis h m e n t in w hich em ployed w ith h ea t, po w er,
o r stea m . F eed s fu els to f ir e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , or o il b u rn e r; and
ch ecks w a te r and sa fe ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o il, or a s s is t in re p a ir in g b o ile rro o m equipm ent.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m o re w o rk e rs in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by p erfo rm in g sp e c ific
or g e n e ra l d u ties of l e s s e r s k ill, such a s keep in g a w o rk e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls;
c lea n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m ach in e, and equip m ent; a s s is t in g jo u rn e ym an by holding m a t e r ia ls or
to o ls; and p erfo rm in g other u n sk ille d ta s k s a s d ire c te d by jo u rn e ym a n . The kind of w ork the
h e lp e r is p erm itte d to p erfo rm v a r ie s fro m tra d e to tr a d e : In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is confined
to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and holding m a t e r ia ls and to o ls , and c lea n in g w orking a r e a s ; and in o th ers
he is p erm itte d to p erfo rm sp e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s, o r p a rts of a tra d e th at a r e a lso
p erfo rm e d by w o rk e rs on a f u ll- tim e b a s is .
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e c ia liz e s in the op eration of one or m o re typ e s of m ach in e to o ls, such a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l or s u rfa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s , or m illin g m a c h in e s, in the co n stru ctio n of
m a ch in e-sh o p to o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix tu re s , or d ie s . W ork in v o lv es m o st of th e fo llo w in g: P lan n in g
and p erfo rm in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p era tio n s; p ro c e s sin g ite m s re q u irin g co m p licate d setu p s or
a h igh d e g re e of a c c u ra c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y of p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s,
sp e e d s, to o lin g , and op eratio n se q u en c e; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts d u rin g op eration
to ach ie v e re q u is ite to le ra n c e s or d im en sio n s. M ay be re q u ire d to re co g n iz e when to o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls , and to s e le c t p ro p er co o lan ts and cuttin g and lu b ric a tin g o ils . F o r
c ro s s - ind u st ry w age stud y p u rp o se s, m ac h in e -to o l o p e ra to r s, to o lro o m , in too l and d ie jobbing
shops a r e ex clud ed from th is c la s s if ic a tio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M ainten an ce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b iles, b u se s, m o to rtru c k s , and tr a c to r s of an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g: E xam ining auto m otive equipm ent to d iagn o se so u rce of tro u b le; d is ­
a ss e m b lin g equipm ent and p erfo rm in g r e p a ir s that involve the u se of such handtools as w ren c h es,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p lac in g broken or
d efectiv e p a r ts fro m sto ck; grin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s se m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and a lin in g w h e e ls, ad justin g b ra ke s
and lig h ts , or tigh ten in g body b o lts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the auto m otive m echanic r e q u ire s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l ap p ren ticesh ip or eq u ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T h is c la s s if ic a tio n does not in clu d e m ec h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u sto m e rs ' v e h ic le s in auto ­
m o b ile r e p a ir shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R e p a ir s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent of an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in vo lves m ost
of the fo llo w in g: E xam ining m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn o se so u rce of tro u b le;
d ism a n tlin g or p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in es and p erfo rm in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly involve the u se
of handtools in s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; re p la c in g broken o r d efectiv e p a r ts w ith ite m s obtained
fro m sto ck; o rd e rin g th e production of a re p la c e m e n t p a r t by a m a ch in e shop or sending of the
m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop for m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
or for the production of p a r ts o rd e re d fro m m ach in e shop; re a s se m b lin g m a c h in e s; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts for o p eratio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce m ech an ic r e q u ire s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p re n ticesh ip or eq u iv alen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E xcluded fro m th is c la s s if ic a tio n a r e w o rk e rs w hose p r im a ry d u ties
involve se ttin g up or a d ju stin g m a c h in e s.
MILLWRIGHT
I n s ta lls new m a ch in es or h ea v y eq uip m ent, and d ism a n tle s and in s ta lls m ach in es or h eavy
equipm ent when ch an ges in the plaint layo u t a r e re q u ire d . W ork in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g:
P lan n in g and la y in g out of th e w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts or oth er s p e c ific a tio n s; u sin g a v a r ie ty
of handto ols and rig g in g ; m akin g sta n d a rd shop com putations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth of
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te rs of g r a v ity ; a lin in g and b a la n cin g of eq uip m ent; se le c tin g stan d ard to o ls,
equipm ent, and p a r ts to be u se d ; and in s ta llin g and ^maintaining in good o rd e r pow er tra n s m is s io n
equipm ent such a s d riv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ire s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e in th e tra d e a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
eq u iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P a in ts and re d e c o ra te s w a lls , w oodw ork, and fix tu re s of an e sta b lis h m e n t. Work in v o lv es
the fo llo w in g: K nowledge of su rfa c e p e c u lia r itie s and typ e s of paint re q u ire d for d ifferen t a p p lic a ­
tio n s ; p re p a rin g su rfa c e fo r p ain tin g by rem o vin g old fin ish or by p la cin g putty or f ille r in n a il

22
P A IN T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

h o les and in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap p lyin g paint with s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o lo rs , o ils , w hite
le a d , and o th er p ain t in g re d ie n ts to obtain p ro p er co lo r o r c o n siste n c y . In g e n e ra l, the w ork of the
m a in ten an ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm al
a p p re n tic e sh ip or eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
P IPE FIT T E R , MAINTENANCE
I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r o th er ty p e s of pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g: L ayin g out of w ork and m e a s u r in g to lo cate
p o sitio n of pipe fro m d ra w in g s or o th er w ritte n sp e c ific a tio n s; cuttin g v a rio u s s iz e s of pipe to
c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h am m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rch or p ip e -cu ttin g m a c h in e s; th rea d in g
pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r-d riv e n m a c h in e s; a ss e m b lin g
pipe w ith co u p lin gs and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m ak in g sta n d a rd shop com putation s re la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flow , and s iz e of pipe re q u ire d ; and m ak in g sta n d a rd te s ts to d e term in e w hether fin ­
ish ed p ip es m ee t sp e c ific a tio n s. In g e n e ra l, the w ork of the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ire s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . W o rk ers p r im a r ily en gaged in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tio n
o r h eatin g s y s te m s a r e ex c lu d e d .
SH EE T-M ETA L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the sh e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu re s
(such a s m ach in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n tila to rs , ch u tes, d u cts, m e ta l
roofing) of an e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g; P lanning and la y in g out a ll

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

typ e s of sh e e t- m e ta l m ain ten an ce w ork from b lu e p rin ts, m o d e ls, o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s; se ttin g
up and o p eratin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s of sh e e t-m e ta l w orking m^ in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty of handtools
in cu ttin g, bending, fo rm in g , sh ap in g, fittin g , and a ss e m b lin g a id in s ta llin g sh c e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
a s re q u ire d . In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m ain ten an ce sh t_et-m etal w o rk e r re q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s m a ch in e-sh o p to o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu re s o r d ie s fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork. Work in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and
la y in g out of w ork fro m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in g s , o r o th er o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s;
u sin g a v a r ie ty of tool and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts; u n d er­
standin g of the w orking p r o p e r tie s of com mon m e ta ls and a llo y s ; se ttin g up and o p era tin g of
m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d eq uip m ent; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com pu tation s re la tin g to d im en sio n s
of w o rk, sp e e d s, fe e d s , and too ling of m a c h in e s; h e a t- tre a tin g of m e ta l p a r ts du ring fa b ric a tio n
a s w e ll a s of fin ish ed to o ls and d ie s to ach ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s ; w orking to clo se to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a ss e m b lin g of p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and a llo w a n c e s; and s e le c tin g ap p ro p riate
m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the tool and d ie m a k e r 's w ork re q u ire s a rounded
tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh o p and too lroom p r a c tic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip
o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w age stu d y p u rp o se s, tool and die m a k e rs in tool and d ie jobbing
shops a r e ex clu d ed fro m th is c la s s if ic a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G u ard . P e r fo rm s ro u tin e p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix ed po st or on to u r, m ain ta in in g o r d e r,
u sin g a rm s o r fo rce w h ere n e c e s s a r y . Includ es gatem en who a re statio n ed at gate and check
on id e n tity of e m p lo yees and o th er p e rso n s e n te rin g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds of p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro tectin g p ro p e rty a g a in st f ir e ,
th eft, and ille g a l e n try .
JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e for sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re sp o n sib le for incom ing sh ip ­
m en ts of m e rc h a n d is e or o th er m a t e r i a l s . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s: A know ledge of shipping p ro ­
c e d u re s , p r a c tic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s of tra n s p o rta tio n , and r a te s ; and p re p a rin g re c o rd s
of the goods sh ipped, m ak in g up b ills of la d in g , p o stin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and keep in g
a file of shipping re c o r d s . M ay d ire c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d is e for sh ip m en t.
R ec e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s: V erifyin g o r d ire c tin g o th ers in v e rify in g th e c o r re c tn e s s of sh ipm en ts
a g a in s t b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , or o th er re c o rd s ; ch eckin g for sh o rta g e s and re je c tin g d a m ­
aged goods; ro uting m e rc h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p ro p er d ep a rtm en ts; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
re c o rd s and f ile s .

C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orking a r e a s and w ash ro o m s, or
p r e m is e s of an o ffic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u se, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties involve
a com bination of the fo llo w in g : Sw eep in g, m opping o r sc ru b b in g , and p o lish in g flo o rs; rem o vin g
c h ip s, t r a s h , and o th er r e fu s e ; d u stin g equip m ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu re s ; p o lish in g m e ta l f ix ­
tu re s or t rim m in g s ; provid in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a to r ie s ,
sh o w e rs, and r e s tro o m s . W o rk ers who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ash in g a r e e x clu d ed .

F o r w age stu d y p u rp o se s, w o rk e rs a r e c la s s if ie d a s fo llo w s:
R ec e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le rk
Shipping and re c e iv in g c le r k
TRUCKDRIVER

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A w o rk e r em p lo yed in a w are h o u se , m an u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s to re , o r o th er esta b lis h m e n t
w hose d u ties in volve one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g ; L oading and unloading v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e rc h a n d is e on o r from fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , or o th er tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls or m e rc h a n d is e in p ro p er sto ra g e lo catio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a t e r ia ls or
m e rc h a n d is e by h an d tru c k , c a r , or w h eelb a rro w . L o n gsh o rem e n, who load and unload sh ip s a r e
e x clu d ed .
ORDER FILLE R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s f e r o r d e rs for fin ish ed goods fro m sto red m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u sto m e rs ' o r d e r s , o r o th er in s tru c tio n s. M ay, in additio n
to f illin g o r d e rs and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itted , keep re c o rd s of outgoing o r d e r s , re q u i­
sitio n a d d itio n a l sto ck or re p o rt sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e rv is o r , and p erfo rm o th er re la te d d u tie s .

D riv es a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tra n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e ,
eq uip m en t, o r m en betw een v a rio u s typ e s of e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an ufactu rin g p la n ts, fre ig h t
depo ts, w a re h o u s e s, w h o le sale and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e rs ' h o u ses o r p la c e s of b u s in e s s . M ay a lso load or unload tru c k w ith o r w ithout h e lp e rs ,
m ak e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and keep tru c k in good w o rkin g o r d e r. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -th e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
fo llo w s:

F o r w age stu d y p u rp o se s, t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s if ie d by s iz e and typ e of equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be ra te d on th e b a s is of t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
T ru c k d riv e r
T ru c k d riv e r ,
T ru c k d riv e r ,
T ru c k d riv e r ,
T r u c k d riv e r ,

PACKER, SHIPPING

(com bination of s iz e s lis te d s e p a ra te ly )
ligh t (under IV2 tons)
m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
h e a v y (o v er 4 to n s, t r a i l e r type)
h e a v y (o v er 4 to n s, o th er than t r a i l e r typ e)

TRUCKER, POWER
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p ro d u cts fo r sh ipm en t o r sto ra g e by p lacin g them in sh ipping con­
t a in e r s , the sp e c ific o p era tio n s p erfo rm ed being dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and num b er
of u n its to be p ack ed , the typ e of co n ta in er em p lo yed , and m ethod of sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ire s
the p la c in g of ite m s in sh ipping co n ta in e rs and m a y in volve one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g;
Knowledge of v a rio u s ite m s of sto ck in o rd e r to v e r if y content; se le c tio n of a p p ro p riate type
and siz e of c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g e n c lo su re s in c o n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r o r o th er m a te r ia l to
p rev en t b re a k ag e or d am a g e; c lo s in g and se a tin g c o n ta in er; and ap p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g
id en tifyin g d ata on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s who a lso m ak e wooden boxes o r c r a te s a r e ex clu d ed .




O p erates a m a n u a lly c o n tro lled g a so lin e - or e le c tric -p o w e r e d tru c k o r tra c to r to tra n s p o r t
goods and m a t e r ia ls of a ll kinds about a w a re h o u se , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th er e sta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age stu d y p u rp o se s, w o rk e rs a r e c la s s if ie d by typ e of tru c k , a s fo llo w s:
T ru c k e r , po w er (fo rk lift)
T ru c k e r , po w er (other than fo rk lift)

A vailab le O n

Request

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e at no co st w h i le s u p p li e s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s sho wn on the b a c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
A lask a
A l b a n y , Ga .
A m a rillo , Tex.
A tl a n t i c C it y , N . J .
A u g u s t a , G a . —S .C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C alif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Iowa
C h a m p a i g n —U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a —A l a .
Corpus C h risti, Tex.
C r a n e , Ind.
Dot han, A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M i n n .—W i s .
S
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene— p rin g fie ld , O reg.
S
F a r g o —M o o r h e a d , N . D a k — M i n n .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N. C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d — P a — W . V a .
F r e s n o , C alif.
G r a n d F o r k s , N . D ak.
G r a n d Is la n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e e n b o r o —W i n s t o n S a l e m — i g h P oin t, N . C .
H
H a rris b u rg , Pa.
K n o x v i lle , T en n .
R eports

for

the fo llo w i n g

surveys

con ducted in the p r i o r

y e a r but

A l p e n a , Stan d is h, and T a w a s City, M i c h .
A sh eville , N.C .
Austin, T e x . *
F o r t Smith , A r k — O k la .
G r e a t F a l l s , Mo nt.
*

E x p a n d e d to an a r e a w a g e

survey

in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

Copies

of p u bli c

rele a se s

are

or

Laredo, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d . —V a .
M a c o n , Ga .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste.
M a r i e , M ich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
( B r e v a r d C o .)
M eridian, M is s.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n , and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e , A l a . , an d P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M ontgom ery, A la.
N a s h v i l l e , T en n .
N o rth e a s te rn M ain e
N o r w i c h —G r o t o n —N e w L o n d o n , Conn.
O g d e n , Utah
O rlan do, F la.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
S
P a n a m a City, F la .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H . — a i n e —M a s s .
M
P u e b l o , C o lo .
Reno, Nev.
S ac ra m en to , C alif.
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
Shreveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s — Conn.
H
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A riz .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l — N . J —M d .
Yum a, A riz .
sin ce d is c o n t in u e d a r e

also

available:

L e x in g t o n , K y . *
P i n e B lu f f , A r k .
Stockton, C a l i f .
T acom a, Wash.
Wichita F a l l s , T ex .
See in s id e b a c k c o v e r .

T h e twelfth annu al r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s, a u d i t o r s , ch i e f a c co u n t an t s, a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c ia n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u l le t i n 1742, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a c o py , f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sho wn on the b a c k c o v e r , or f r o m the
Su pe rinten de nt of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402.




*

U. * . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E - 1 1 7 1 — 7 4 « - 1 » 3 / » 7




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A rea W age

Surveys

A l i s t o f t h e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e
r e q u e s t o f the E m p l o y m e n t S t a n d a r d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m an y of the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh o w n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 2 --------- ---- -------- — -------------- — ---A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 1-----—— —
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 --------- ------------------ ---A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e r r r — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 —
E
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1----- ---- ---------------------------------- -A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 1---------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 1________________ ______ _________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 2 --------P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ________— ---- ------ -------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 --------------------------------------B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 7 2 1____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 1----- -- ---------- ----- -----------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1__________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 1----- ------------------------——------C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 2 1______________ —------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 ---------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 --------------- ------- --------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - C a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 1----------------------- —
C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 3 --------------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 1---- ---------------- ------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1---------- — --------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1 --------— ---------------------------------D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , I o w a —
M
111., F e b . 1 9 7 3 ---D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 2 ----- -----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 2- . — ---------------- ---- -------——------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 9 7 £ 1 --------- ---------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 2 --------------------------------------------D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 7 3 ---------------------------------------------F o r t L a u d e r d a l e — o lly w o o d and W e st P a l m
H
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 1--------------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1---------- — -----------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1— — --------------- ----- —--------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 ---------------------------------------------H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 3 ----------- —----------------------- ---I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1 ------------------- ------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 — ---- --------- --------- -------- -------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 — ----------- — ---- --------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 ----------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 1-----------H
L e x i n g t o n , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 1------------------------------------------L i t t l e R o c k - N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1--------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a AnarG a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1--------------—----- — ---L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 -------- --------- ------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 --------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1----- — --------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 --------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 1___________________________________
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 ----- --------------------l

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1775-61,

40
55
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
30
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
35
40
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35
50
55
30
35
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1972 1_______________________________
M in n ea p o lis —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J an. 1973__________________
M u s k eg oir -M u s k eg on H e ig h ts , M i c h . , June 1972 1 ______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N. J . , J an. 1973________________
N e w H aven, C o n n ., J an. 1973______________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J an. 19 7 3 _______________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1972 1
________________________________
N o r f o l k — i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
V
P
N e w p o r t N e w s —Hampton, V a . , J an. 1973 1_______________
O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a . , July 1972__________________________
O m aha, N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1972___________________________
P a t e r s o r r - C l if t o n — a s s a i c , N .J . , June 1972 1 --------------P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N ov . 1972_________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , June 1972 1_________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 1972____ ___ __________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N ov. 1972____ ___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1972 1 _____ __________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — i n g s to n - N e w b u r g h , N . Y . ,
K
June 1972 1 ___________________________________________________
P r o v id en c e —W a rw ic kr-Pa w tu cket, R. I.—M as s . ,

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e
1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
40
40
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1725-80,

35 c e n t s

1725-70,
R a le ig h , N .C . , Aug. 1972____________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 7 ,
Richmond, V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 7 2 ,
R iversid e—
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a lif.,
O
1775-60,
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e occupations on ly ), July 1972___ 1 7 7 5 - 4 ,
R o c k f o r d , 111., J une 1972 1 ____________ __ __________________ 1 7 2 5 - 8 4 ,
St. L o u i s , M o.—111., M a r . 1972_____________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 6 1 ,
Salt L ak e C ity, Utah, N ov . 1972 1__ _______________________ 1 7 7 5 - 3 3 ,
San An ton io, T e x . , M a y 1972_______________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 6 7 ,
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N ov . 1972________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 4 0 ,
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f . , Oct. 1971 1 ______________ 1 7 2 5 - 3 3 ,
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1972_________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 6 5 ,
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1972 1 __________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 7 3 ,
Sc ranton, P a . , J uly 1972—___________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 0 ,
S eattle— v e r e t t , W a s h . , J an. 1973_________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 5 6 ,
E
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k . , Dec. 1972 1 ---------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 4 3 ,
South Bend, Ind ., M a r . 1973----------------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 5 4 ,
Spokane, W as h ., J une 1972 1----------------------------------------- 1 7 2 5 - 9 1 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1972__________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 1 ,
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1972----------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 9 ,
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , A p r . 1973________ __ _________________ 1 7 7 5 - 6 3 ,
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1__ _______________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 2 ,
Utic a—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1972_______________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 3 ,
Wash ington, D.C.—Md.—V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ---------------------- 1 7 2 5 - 9 3 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1973_______________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 5 8 ,
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, N ov. 1972__________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 2 6 ,
W ic h ita , K a n s . , A p r . 1972 1_________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 8 2 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1972 1__________ ,__________________ 1 7 2 5 - 7 1 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F eb. 1973_____________________ ___________________ 1 7 7 5 - 5 9 ,
Youngstown— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1972____________________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 9 ,
W

30 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
65
45
35
35
50
30
40
50
30
35
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
70
40
40
35
35
40
40

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
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POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.0 Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District ot Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada