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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Tampa—St. Petersburg, Florida, Metropolitan Area,
August 1972
Bulletin 1775 9




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
____ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of an August 1972 survey of occupational
earnings in the Tampa-St. Petersburg, Florida, Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Area (Hillsborough and Pinellas Counties), The survey was made as part of
the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The program
is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national
and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Areas in the United States,
excluding Alaska and Hawaii, (as defined by the U. S. Office of Management and
Budget through November 1971).
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through
the analysis of (l) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The program
develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and
salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant
location.
Survey results also are used by the U. S. Department of Labor to
make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program.
(See list of areas
on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage bene­
fits, collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed,
two summary bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national
and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data.
The Tampa—
St. Petersburg survey was conducted by the Bureau's re­
gional office in Atlanta, Ga. , under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse,
Assistant Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been
accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary
data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The
Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
Also available for the Tampa—
St. Petersburg area are listings of union
wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees,
local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees.
Free copies
of these are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover
for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-9
December 1972

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , James D . Hodgson, Secretary
B U R EA U O F LAB OR S TA TIS TIC S , Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

Tampa—St. Petersburg, Florida, Metropolitan Area, August 1972
CONTENTS
Page

2 Introduction
5
Wage trends for selected occupational groups
Tables:
4
6
7
9
10
11
12

15

1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
2. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of increase for selected periods
A. Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings
Appendix. Occupational descriptions




For sale by the Su per Intend® nt of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. 2 0402 — Price 45 cents

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stod ial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u niform set of job
d e sc rip tio n s designed to take account of in te re sta b lish m e n t variation
in duties within the sam e job . The occupations s elec ted for study are
listed and d e sc rib e d in the appendix. U n less o th erw ise in dicated, the
earnings data follow ing the job title s are for a ll in d u stries com bined.
E a rn in g s data fo r so m e of the occupations liste d and d e s c rib e d , or
for som e in du stry d iv isio n s within occu p ation s, are not p resen ted in
the A - s e r i e s ta b le s, b ecau se eith er (1) em p loym en t in the occupation
is too s m a ll to provide enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , or (2) there
is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su r e of individual esta b lish m en t data. E a rn in g s
data not shown sep a ra tely for industry d iv isio n s are included in all
in d u stries com bined data, w here shown. L ik e w ise , data are included
in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a s u b c la ssific a tio n of s e c r e t a r ie s
or tru c k d riv e rs is not shown or in form ation to s u b c la ssify is not
a v a ilab le.

T h is a re a is 1 o f 96 in which the U .S. D epartm en t of L a b o r 's
B u reau of L a b o r S ta tistic s conducts su rv e y s of occupational earnings
on an areaw ide b a s is a n n u a lly .1 F ield r e p r e se n ta tiv e s, in p e rso n a l
v is its to e sta b lish m en ts in the a re a , c o lle c t em p loy m en t, ea rn in g s,
esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s , and related b en efits in form ation ev e ry third
year.
In each o f the intervening y e a r s , in form ation on em ploym ent
and earnin gs is c o lle c te d by m a il q u estio n n aires fro m esta b lish m en ts
participatin g in the p rev iou s su rv ey . T h is b u lletin p rese n ts the re su lts
of the la tter type su rvey .
In each a r e a , data are obtained fr o m rep rese n ta tiv e e sta b ­
lish m e n ts within six broad industry d iv isio n s: M anufacturing; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tio n , and other public u tilitie s; w h o le sa le tra d e ;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
industry groups excluded fro m these studies are governm ent o p e r a ­
tions and the con struction and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries. E sta b lish m en ts
having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o r k e r s are om itted b ecau se
they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em ploym en t in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations a re provided for each of
the b road industry d iv isio n s which m e e t publication c r ite r ia .

O ccu pation al em p loym en t and earnin gs data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those hired to w ork a reg u lar w eekly sch ed ule.
E arn in gs data exclude p rem iu m pay for o v e r tim e and for w ork on
w eek en ds, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts. Nonproduction bon u ses are e x ­
cluded, but c o s t -o f -liv i n g allow an ces and incentive earnings are in ­
cluded. W h e re w eek ly hours are rep o rte d , as for office c le r ic a l o c c u ­
pa tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is to the standard w orkw eek (rounded to the n ea re st
h alf hour) for which em p loy ee s re c e iv e th eir regu lar s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay for o v e rtim e at reg u lar a n d /o r p rem iu m
ra te s).
A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings fo r these occupations are rounded
to the n e a re st h alf d o lla r.

T h e se su rvey s are conducted on a sa m p le b a s is . The s a m ­
pling p ro ce d u res involve detailed stra tifica tio n of a ll e sta b lish m en ts
within the scope of an individual a re a su rvey by industry and num ber
of e m p lo y e e s. F r o m this stra tified u n ive rse a probab ility sam p le is
se le c te d , with each esta b lish m en t having a p red eterm in ed chance of
s e le c tio n . To obtain optim um a cc u ra c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g re a ter
p roportion of la rg e than s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is selec ted . W hen data
are com b in ed , each esta b lish m en t is w eighted according to its p ro b a ­
b ility of s elec tio n , so that unbiased e stim a te s are gen erated . F o r e x ­
a m p le , if one out o f four e sta b lish m en ts is se le c te d , it is given a
weight of fou r to rep rese n t its e lf plus three o th ers. An alternate of the
sa m e o rig in a l pro ba b ility is chosen in the sa m e in d u s tr y -s iz e c la s s i f i ­
cation if data are not availab le fo r the o rig in a l sam p le m e m b e r .
If
no suitable substitute is a v a ila b le , additional weight is a ssig n ed to a
sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

The occupations se le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a riety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u strie s, and are of the
follow ing ty p e s:
(l) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ica l;

T h ese su rvey s m e a s u re the le v e l of occupational earnings in
an a rea at a p a rtic u la r tim e . C o m p a riso n s of individual occupational
a vera ge s o ver tim e m ay not r e fle c t expected w age changes. The a v e r ­
ages for individual job s are affected by changes in w ages and e m p lo y ­
m ent p a ttern s.
F o r ex a m p le, proportion s of w o rk e rs em ployed by
h ig h - or lo w -w a ge fir m s m ay change o r h igh -w a ge w o rk e rs m ay ad­
vance to b etter jo b s and be replaced by new w o rk ers at low er ra te s.
Such sh ifts in em p loym en t could d e c r e a s e an occupational average
even though m o st e sta b lish m en ts in an a re a in c re a s e w ages during
the y ea r. T ren d s in earnings of occupational g ro u p s, shown in table 2,
are b etter in d icators of wage tren ds than individual job s within the
grou ps.

1 Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C. ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y. ; Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—Rome, N. Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor.

A v era g e earnings reflec t c o m p o site , areaw ide e s tim a te s . In­
d u strie s and esta b lish m en ts differ in pay le v e l and job staffin g, and
thus contribute d iffe re n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each job . P ay a v e r ­
ages m a y fa il to re fle c t a cc u ra tely the wage d iffe re n tia l among jo b s in
individual e sta b lish m e n ts.

O ccupations and E arn in gs




2

3
A v era g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in selec ted o ccu p a­
tions should not be a ssu m ed to r e fle c t d iffe re n ce s in pay of the sex es
within individual e sta b lish m e n ts.
F a c to rs which m ay contribute to
d iffe re n ce s include p r o g r e s s io n within esta b lish e d rate r a n g es, sin ce
only the rates paid incum bents are c o lle c te d , and p e rfo rm a n ce of sp e ­
c ific duties within the g en eral su rv ey job d e sc rip tio n s. Job d e s c r ip ­
tions used to c la s s ify em p loy ee s in th ese su rv ey s u su ally are m o re
g en era liz ed than those used in individual esta b lish m en ts and allow for
m in or d iffe re n ce s among esta b lish m en ts in sp e c ific duties p e rfo rm ed .
O ccupational em p loym en t e stim a te s rep rese n t the total in all
esta b lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B eca u se occupational stru ctu re s among esta b lish m en ts
d iffe r, e stim a te s of occupational em p loym en t obtained fro m the sam p le




of e sta b lish m en ts studied se r v e only to indicate the relative im p o r ­
tance of the jo b s studied. T h ese d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
do not affect m a te r ia lly the a cc u ra c y of the earnings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P r o v is io n s
Tabulations on selec ted esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p le­
m en tary wage p r o v isio n s ( B - s e r i e s tab les) are not presen ted in this
b u lletin.
Inform ation fo r th ese tab u lation s, co llec ted ev ery 2 y ears
in the p a st, is now co llec ted ev e ry 3 y e a r s .
T h ese tabulations on
m in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for in ex p erien ced w om en officew o rk er s ;
shift d iffe re n tia ls; scheduled w orkw eek; paid h olid ay s; paid v a c a tio n s;
and health, in su ra n ce, and pension plans are p resen ted (in the B -se r ie s
tables) in previou s bu lletin s fo r this area.

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in T a m p a —S t. P e te rs b u rg , Fla.,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 A u g u s t 1 9 7 2
M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h m ents in s co p e
o f study

Industry d iv is io n

W ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y 4
W ithin s c o p e
o f study*

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

650

144

125 ,769

100

6 1 ,5 3 5

50

196
454

54
90

4 4 ,9 1 1
8 0 ,8 5 8

36
64

21, 891
39, 644

50
50
50
50
50

46
67
181
64
96

14
12
30
13
21

15,871
6 ,5 4 9
3 6 ,3 1 2
9 ,6 1 2
12,514

13
5
29
7
10

12,661
1, 193
19.3 4 4
2 ,9 0 1
3 ,5 4 5

A ll d iv is io n s ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s 5 -----------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e 6----------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e 6------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 6----------S e r v i c e s 6 7---------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

1 The Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through N ov em b er 1971,
c o n s is t s o f H illsb o ro u g h and P in e lla s C ou nties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te
d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is
o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e ( l ) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the
u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e
o f the su rv e y .
2 Th e 1967 edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual was u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
5 In clu d es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em p lo ym e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (within the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in such
in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m en t.
4 Inclu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with to ta l em p lo ym e n t (within the area) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w ere e x c lu d e d .
The Tam pa
and St. P e t e r s b u r g tr a n s it s y s te m s a r e m u n ic ip a lly o p e ra te d and a r e e xclu d e d by d e fin itio n fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S epa ra te p res en ta tion
o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo ym e n t in the d iv is io n is too sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it se p a r a te stu dy, (2) the sa m p le was not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to
p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e sta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p ark in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit
m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

In du strial c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
A lm o s t t w o -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f the su r v e y in the T a m p a—
St.
P e t e r s b u r g a re a w e re em p lo y e d in m an u factu rin g f ir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p r e s e n ts the m a jo r
in d u stry grou p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
Industry grou ps

S p e c ific in d u strie s

F o o d and k in dred p r o d u c ts ---- — .19
E le c t r ic a l equipm ent and
s u p p lie s --------------------------------- — .18
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c ts ---- — 11
T ra n sp o rta tio n equipm ent----8
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c ts --------------------------------- ___ 7
P rin tin g and p u b lis h in g ---------

C o m m u n ica tio n equipm ent------— n
C anned, c u r e d , and fr o z e n
fo o d s ---------------------------------------8
C ig a r s ---------------------------------------- . . . . 6
F a b r ic a te d s tru ctu ra l
m e ta l p r o d u c t s ----------------------- . . . . 6
A g ric u ltu ra l c h e m ic a ls ----------- .... 5
E le c t r o n ic co m p o n e n ts and
5
M etal c a n s -------------------------------- — 5
N e w s p a p e rs ____________________ .... 5

6

S ton e, c la y , and gla s s
p r o d u c ts ---------------------------------

5

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a se d on e s tim a te s o f total em p lo ym e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv ers e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p ro p o r tio n s b ased on the r e s u lts o f the su r v e y as show n in table 1 ab ov e.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s of o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t of w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b tr a c tin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h a n ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date of the in d e x.
T h e p e r c e n t s of c h a n ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
A n n u a l r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
s h o w n , r e f l e c t the a m o u n t of i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s .
T hese com pu­
t a t io n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a co n sta n t
rate betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch a n g e in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in tend e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t of w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d e x is c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i ­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
ch a n g e p lu s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and th en c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s in d e x .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
ex clu siv e of earnings for o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x clu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d at a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a ti o n s and in c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ithin
each group.

M e t h o d of C o m p u t in g
E a c h of the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p ;
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and
w om en ):
B ook keeping-m ach ine
operators, class B
Clerks, accou n tin g, classes
A and B
Clerks, f il e , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
K eypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers ( o ff ic e boys or
girls)

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and
w o m e n )— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a bu latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m e n and
w om en ):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s of D a ta
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s of c h a n ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f l u e n c e d b y ;
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y ind iv idua l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in
the l a b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith out a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
tho ug h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a ga v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have d ec lin ed b e c a u se lo w e r -p a y in g e s ta b lish m e n t s entered
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y ha v e
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y ha ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled m aintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
M echanics
M echanics (au tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE:
C om ptom eter operators, used in the com pu tation o f previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the dat a.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n ge r e f l e c t on ly c h a n g e s in
av erag e pay for s tr a ig h t-t im e h ou rs.
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u ch , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s of ch a n g e an y s ig n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in the s c o p e of the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
in the g r o u p a r e t o t a le d .
The ag g r eg a tes for 2 consecutive y e a r s are
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d iv id in g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
ga te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s the p e r c e n t
of change.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in T a m p a —S t. P e te rs b u r g , F la.,
N o v e m b e r 1971 an d A u g u s t 1 9 7 2 , an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
W eek ly e a rn in gs
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r i c a l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u strial
n u rs e s
(m en and
w om en)

M anufacturin g

H o u rly e a rn in gs
Skilled
m aintenance
tra d e s
(m en)

U n sk illed
plantw o rk e rs
(m en)

W eek ly ea rn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

H ou rly ea rn in gs

In d u stria l
n u rs es
(m en and
w om en)

Skilled
m ain ten an ce
tra d es
(m en)

O
n

130. 8
137. 1

136. 5
148. 2

U n skilled
plantw ork ers
(m en)

In dexes (A ugu st 1967=100)
N o v e m b e r 197 1------------------------------------------------------A u gust 1972-------------------------------------------------------------

123. 9
128. 4

( !)
f 1)

131. 1
138. 8

126. 8
133. 6

121. 1
125. 8

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
S e p te m b e r 1966 to August 1967:
11-m onth in c r e a s e -------------------------------------------Annual rate o f i n c r e a s e -----------------------------------

6. 4
7. 0

( !)
(*)

2. 3
2. 5

8. 1
8 .9

4. 0
4. 4

(*)
(*)

2. 3
2. 5

7 .9
8. 6

August 1967 to A u gust 1 96 8---------------------------------A u gust 1968 to A u gu st 1969 ------------------- --- ----A u gust 1969 to N o v e m b e r 1970:
15-m onth in c r e a s e -------------------------------------------Annual rate o f i n c r e a s e -----------------------------------

5. 2
4. 7

( !)
(*>

6 .6
4. 3

11. 3
3 .4

3. 8
3. 6

( !)
(*)

6. 2
5. 3

9 .7
8. 0

7. 3
5. 8

I*)

9. 1
7. 2

7 .4
5 .9

8. 1
6. 4

n
n

9. 1
7. 2

6. 0
4. 8

N o v e m b e r 1970 to N o v e m b e r 19 7 1 ---------------------N o v e m b e r 1971 to A u gu st 1972:
9 -m o n th i n c r e a s e ---------------------------------------------Annual rate o f i n c r e a s e -----------------------------------

4 .9

(*)

8. 1

2. 6

4. 2

(*)

7. 2

8. 7

3. 6
4. 8

( !)
h

5 .9
7 .9

5 .4
7. 3

3. 9
5. 2

(J)
(*>

4. 8
6. 5

8 .6
11. 6

1 D ata d o not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

7

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , T a m p a —
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u st 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

(standard

65

70

75

Num ber of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
%
S
%
$
$
$
$
S
S
t
%
s
$
%
%
$
lie
80
90
100
105
85
95
120
130
140
150
160
18C
19C 2GC 210
170

60
Mean ^

Median 2

Middle ranged

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

120

5

$

%

s

Average
weekly

s

and
u nd er
65

and
130

140

150

160

170

”

"

~

“

18C

19C

200

210 over

MEM ANU WOMEN COMBINED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

125
1 07

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
93 .5 0
93.50

$
8 7 .00
8 5 . OC

$
$
8 C .5 C -1 0 2 .0 C
8 C . C 0 - 1 0 1 • 5C

“

16
16

11
11

31
27

12
10

ii
6

4
4

23
22

~

5
4

“

BOO KKEEPING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS A -------------------------

5
5

*

2
2

82

4 0 .0

100.50

1 0 4 . OC

92.O C -11G .O C

-

2

-

12

~

17

-

14

18

7

12

BGOKKEEPING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B --------------------------NGN HAN UFACTLRING --------------

1 56
1 44

4 0 .0
3 9.5

97.00
96.50

94 .0 0
94 .5 0

8 6 . C O - 1 1 2 . 50
86.C C -113.0C

i
i

10
1C

12
12

12
10

20
18

28
24

10
10

16
14

1
1

42
42

1
1

3
1

_

_

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ----------------NCN MAN UFACTORING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

376
1 4*
232
58

A0 • 0
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

129.50
1 2 9 . CC
13C.0C
1 5 2 . CC

124.00
126.00
1 2 3 . OC
1 4 5 . OC

1 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 4 4 . CC
1 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 3 5 . OC
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
141.C C -171.Q C

_

“

-

3
3
*

21
21

20
6
14
“

39
22
17
“

24
17
7
3

18
2
16
”

34
11
23
5

49
19
30
2

59
40
19

30
1
29
23

12
2
10
4

11
4
7
7

11
9
2
2

14
4
1C
6

10
1C
4

14
2
12
-

7
5
2
2

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ----------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------

758
188
570

4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

1 0 1 . OC
98.50
96.00
93.50
1 0 3 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0

30
30

13
13

43
19
24

87
46
41

134
42
92

101
27
74

118
14
104

49
15
34

81
14
67

26
3
23

50
6
44

9
2
7

8
•
8

3
3

2
2

_
-

-

4
4

_
-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------NCN MANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

214
207
72

3 8 .5
38.5
4 0 .0

85 .5 0
85.50
9 8 .5 0

81.50
81.00
9 8 .0 0

7 4 . 5 0 - 9 6 . 5C
7 4 . CO- 9 6 . 5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

36
36

36
36
9

12
10
8

3
2
“

39
38
32

16
13
13

4
4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6
6

_

-

62
62
~

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ----------NCN MAN UFACTLRING --------------

1 98
1 88

3 9.5
3 9.5

7 7 . 5C
7 7 . 5C

7 6.00
7 6.00

7 2 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 -

3
3

70
66

50
46

23
23

19
17

7
7

11
11

CLERKS, CRCER --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NCN MANUFACTLRING -------------

331
80
251

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

112.50
100.00
1 16.50

1C 8.00
89.00
1 1 4 . OC

8 9 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 6 . 0 0 - 1 4 1 . 5C

21

26
21
5

25
9
16

11
1
10

32
2
30

16
16

16
2
14

35
11
24

12

21

34
15
19

24

-

10
4
6

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NGN MANUFACTURING --------------

170
75
95

3 9 . 5 1 0 8 . CC 1 0 3 . OC
3 9 . 5 1 0 6 . CC
94.5 0
4 0 . C 1 0 9 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
89.5 C -1 2 0 .C 0

_

-

-

“

9
9

22
16
6

17
7
10

21
16
5

5
2
3

20
13
7

4
1
3

34
5
29

4
2
2

10

KEYPUNCH OPERA ICR S, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ----------------NCN MAN UFACTLRING --------------

1 85
67
1 18

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

2
2

2
2

9
9

13
2
ii

11
7
4

12
10
2

33
13
20

21
9
12

39
11
28

16
11
5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING -----------------NCN MAN UFACTLRING --------------

308
91
217

3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0

9 6 . CG
9 7 . 5C
9 5.50

9 4 . OC
9 7 . OC
93.00

8 9 . 5 C - 9 9 . 5C
92.C C -102.0C
8 8 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

_

-

-

-

4
2
2

7
7

77
14
63

79
17
62

72
33
39

21
7
14

12
8
4

23
7
16

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BCYS) -------NCN MANUFACTLRING --------------

106
82

3 9.0
3 9 .C

8 9.00
8 9 . CC

86 .0 0
8 5 . OC

8 0 . CO- 9 8 . 0 0
7 5 . 5 0 - 9 9 . OC

_

12
12

7
7

25
15

7
4

11
5

16
14

14
12

_

SECRETARIES -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NCN MAN UFACTLRING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

1 ,154
470
684
263

1 2 7 . CC
1 2 3 . CC
1 2 9 . 5C
1 4 7 . 5C

1 2 3 . OC
1 1 7 . OC
1 2 7 . 5C
147.50

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 0 8 . 5 C - 1 4 6 . 5C
1 2 6 . C O -168.C C

_

5

-

19

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

2
2

19

-

30
2
28
7

65
19
46
7

125
82
43
6

1 5C .C C 1 4 1 . 0 0
1 5 4 . CC 1 4 2 . 5 0
1 4 8 . CC 1 3 9 . 5 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
127.5C -162.0C

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------MAN UFA CTURING ------------------

8C
4C .0
26 | 4 C . 5

NCNMANUFACTLRING --------------------------

3 9 .5

n
See footnotes at end of tables.




111.5C 1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 6 . CO 1 C 5 .C C
1 1 5 . OC 1 1 0 . 0 0

9C .5C -1C 9.50
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

8 2 . 5C
82 .5 0

9 9 .C C -I1 9 .5 0
9 8 .0 C -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

_
_
-

15
15

_

8
8

-

~
_
-

-

-

-

-

8
B

-

-

24

61
7
54

-

12

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

4
4
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

2

5
2
3

9
2
7

4

4

1

_

9

_

4

4

1

-

9

-

4
3
1

1

7

i

_

1

7

i

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

10

-

3
2

*

2
2

101
56
45
6

190
105
85
23

147
48
99
29

169
71
98
20

129
44
85
54

42
13
29
15

7
-

20
9

7

n

1C
5
5

8
3
5

12
2
10

-

_

11
6
5

-

2

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

19

ii

27
9

33
30

ie
14

19
17

16
2
14
13

13
3
10
9

11
3
8
8

3
1
2

6
2
4

4
2
2

44

-

8

2

_

-

?

-

8

“

8
T a b le A -1. O ffic e o ccu p atio n s: W e e k ly e a rn in g s -----C o n tin u e d
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1972)
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , T a m p a —

Num ber of w o rk e rs re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
Number

Occupation and industry division
workere

t

Average
weekly
[standard)

(
60

Mean ^

Median i

Middle ranged

$
65

t

70

80

*

t

%

t

75

85

90

$

s

t

95

100

1 05

s
110

S

$

I
120

130

1 40

S

$
150

160

s
170

$
18C

%

%

190

200

and
under
65

210

and
70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

120

130

140

1 50

16 0

170

18C

19C

2C0

210

over

10
4
6
-

19
4
15
-

22
6
16
-

45
8
37
2

49
8
41
3

20
8
12
6

5
2
3
3

11
2
9
7

9
1
8
4

4
4
3

9
i
8
7

7
1
6
6

5
1
4
4

39
14
25
10

30
9
21
9

10
5
5
1

8
3
5
5

14
4
10
10

4
4
3

4
4
4

-

2
2
2

-

_

1

1
1
-

*

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CUNH lUtD
SECRETAR IES - CONT IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MAN UFA CTU RIN G --------------------NO NM AN UFA CTU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES ---------------

232
*6
1 86
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
135 .0 0 130.50
134.50 1 3 4.00
1 3 5.50 13 0 .5 0
1 7 5.00 17 5 .0 0

$
$
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NONMA NUF ACT UR IN G ----------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES ---------------

230
69
16 1
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

131.50
129.50
132.50
149.00

1 29.00
131.00
1 27.50
1 43.00

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

-

119.00
117.50
121.00
133.50

114.00
1 13.50
115.50
1 41.00

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

“

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MANUFAC TUR ING --------------------NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES ---------------

612
329
283
138

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

-

4

-

3

10

“

-

-

4
-

-

3
-

10
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

32
14
18

17
6
11
1

30
2
28

9

38
10
28
9

5

_
*

15
15
*

2
2
-

27
2
25
7

53
17
36
7

83
64
19
6

65
46
19

57
30
27
18

61
40
21
7

69
22
47
38

19
3
16
10

17
6
11
10

2
2
-

5

12 6
95
31
14

*

11
11
11

40
5
35
-

52
10
42
5

67
17
50
2

82
10
72

-

12
*

12
2
10
-

73
21
52
10

39
12
27
1

60
26
34
7

42
24
18
7

6
2
4
4

17
2
15
14

4
4
4

6
6
“

19
19
19

14
2
12
12

I
1

_

-

-

3
3

-

12

8

21
19
2

21
11
10

25
11
14

5

9

_

-

2
7

15
4
11

-

3
2

5
5

4

4
4

15
15
“

13

-

-

-

12

4

~

-

3
*

3
2

4

4

2
2

4
4

-

2

2

2

_

_

4

8
6

2

3

3
3

4

4

1
1
-

_

-

-

2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

“

5

5
12

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NO NMA NUF ACT UR IN G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

547
140
407
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

107.00
110.50
106.00
1 39.00

100.50
107 .5 0
99.0 0
141.50

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFA CTU RI NG -----------------

156
79
77

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 26.00
122.50
1 2 9 .5 0

123.50
119.00
1 3 0.00

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------

43
28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7.00
1 0 8.00

1 1 0.50
1 0 8.00

9 6 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

SWI TCHBOARD OPERAT ORS, CLASS B ---NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

123
116

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

80.50
8 0 .00

81.00
80.00

7 0 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 -

8 9 . 0C
88.50

-

SWI TCHBOARD CP ER AT OR -R EC EP TI CN IS TS MAN UFA CTU RIN G --------------------NCNM ANU FAC TUR IN G -----------------

276
100
176

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

90.50
9 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

89.50
91.0 0
8 8.50

8 2 .5 0 8 3 .5 0 8 1 .5 0 -

9 6 .0 0
94.5 0
97.5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFAC TUR ING --------------------NCNMA NUF ACT UR IN G -----------------

194
37
157

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 2 .5 0
91.0 0
9 2 .5 0

90.0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 8 5 .5 0 8 6 .5 0 -

98.0 0
9 7 .0 0
98.5 0

-

-

-

-

-

“

8 7.50
9 4 .5 0
85.00

82.50
92.5 0
79 .5 0

7 7 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 8 8.50

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFAC TUR ING --------------------NONMA NUF ACT UR IN G -----------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.




326
82
244

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

~

“
-

_

_

-

_

9

5
8

27
27

27
27

4
4

22
18

16
16

18
18

1
1

_

~

6
3

i
i

-

17

28
5
23

50
23
27

49
11
38

56
37
19

32
5
27

22
2
20

8

9

_

4
4

6
3

-

4
-

24
8
16

72
14
58

31

24

5

4
20

13
1
12

15
3
12

47
16
31

43
13
30

30
13
17

15
8
7

8

6
6

20
12

“

a

-

-

11
2

26

_

-

4

-

13

33
2
31

4
106

4
1 02

4
4

i
i

-

9
7
2
5

10
2
8

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , T am p a —
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la . , A u g u st 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
workcre

(standard)

%

t

Average
weekly

70
Mean ^

Median 2

Middle ranged

S

75

$

t

80

85

90

Number o f workers receiving straigh t-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
s
$
t
S
t
S
*
$
S
t
$
*
$
$
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240 250
100
110
120
130
140
150

and
under

and
85

90

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

9

-

-

_

11
11

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

4
4

2
2

6
6

3
2

9
2

6
4

3
1

6
3

3
3

23
5
18

19
6
13

31
19
12

21
3
18

28
6
22

13
4
9

1
1

1
1

7
5
2

1
1

2
2

4
4

_

_

-

36
31

16
12

7
2

4
2

3
3

3
3

3
3

180

190

_

_
_

9

-

-

5
2
3

1
1

18
10
8

15
7
8

6
2
4

22
8
14

18
11
7

12
6
6

21
17

31
23

8
8

25
17

17
17

16
16

“

250 over

2
2

7
3

80

170

9

75

200

210

220

23C

240

-

2
2

-

1
-

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
$
$
$
$
4 0 . C 150 .5 0 1 4 4 .5 0 1 2 4 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 146.00 1 4 2 .5 0 1 2 1 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NC NMA NUF ACT ORI NG -----------------

45
29

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FAC TUR ING --------------------NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

169
48
121

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

131 .00 1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
132 .00 1 2 5 .5 0 1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
130 .50 1 3 5 .5 0 1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

-

8
8

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------NONMANUFA CTU RIN G -----------------

99
77

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0 1 07 .00
1 0 8 .0C 1 0 6 .5 0

8
8

“

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFAC TUR ING --------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG -----------------

132
54
78

3 9 .5 190 .5 0
3 9 .5 192 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 89 .50

1 9 3 .5 0 1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0 1 7 2 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0 1 6 9 .0 0 -2 1 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MAN UFA CTURING ---------------------

136
109

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 9 .5 0
181 .00

1 8 0 .5 0
181 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NON MAN UFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

152
72
SO
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 6 9 .0C
174 .5 0

1 6 4 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0 1 3 9 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NCNMANUFA CTU RIN G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

96
61
35
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

129 .50 1 3 0 .0 0 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
132 .50 1 3 4 .5 0 1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 1C 9.00 1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0 1 0 4 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
________ ________

See footnotes at end o f tables




9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0

-

-

9

4

-

-

2

“

-

1 6 1 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
12
9
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
2
8
5

13
2
11
7

4
i
3
3

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

15
5
1C

4
2
2

6
i
5

i
i

9
6

2
2

-

-

“

1

-

5

i

-

-

-

-

*

5
5

i
i

-

-

-

11
4
7
3

9
4
5
5

11
7
4
4

14
11
3
3

33
15
18
18

10
7
3
3

9
2
7
3

19
6
13
1

2

2

2
2

2
2

1
1

21
18
3
3

17
15
2
2

19
18
1
1

5
5

-

2

5

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

10
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w ork ers in se le cte d occupations by industry division , Tampa—
St. P etersbu rg, F la ., August 1972)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1
earnings *
(standard) (standard)

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

4 0 .0

32
159
II

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

39 5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 6 . OC
9 7 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

3 9 .0

Ave rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

306
91

1 7 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0

3 *0

0. 0

26

8 3 .5 0

260

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W EN
CM
j C t i 'L 1 AK i L j y LLA j j

Weekly

I Tt I j I j i

LLAjj

A

NCNPANUFACTORING —
~

191
35
156
315
1

40 0 146 'C

Weekly
earnings*
standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

<r * r

NANUFAC TURING

Number
of

standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

$
42

Weekly
(standard)

HEN

NONFAKUFAC TtR[MG
r

Number
of
workers

3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0

3 8 .5

9 2 .5 0

x n 'n
*5

OK n n

4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0

j

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

A

40 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

156
144

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

154 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

COMPUTER CPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------

41

45
186
45

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 3 .CO
1 3 5 .5C
1 7 5 .0 0

CCMPUTER CPERATCRS, CLASS 8 ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

120
37
83

4 0 .0 1 3 9 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 3 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 4 0 .5 0

220
68
152
60

39*5
39*5
40*0
40*0

131*00
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0

CCMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----------------

58
38

3 9 .5 1 1 8 .0 0
3 9 .>

107
48

329

3 9 .5 196*50
3 9 .0 1 9 1 .OC
4 0 .0 2 0 1 .0 0

138

i an nn
4 0 .0 1 1 7 .5 0
40*0 121*00
4 0 ,0 1 3 3 .5 0

CCMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------------------------PANUFACTUR1K G -------------------------------------------CRAFTSPEN, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

132
109

4 0 .0 1 8 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 8 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NCKPANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

111
62
49

4 0 .0 1 6 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 5 1 .OC
4 0 .0 1 7 7 .0 0

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

59

9 7 .0 0
9 6 . 5C

NGNPANUFACTUft1NG

-------

—————
——

PANUFAC TURING — — ———————— ————

BCOKKEEPING-MACHINE CPERATORS,
M PANU« AO ■ Oft IWG
ON

40*5
3 9 .5

PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------------

QT "C
8 6 .0 0

26
54

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

118
100
82

KU FACTC'ft IMG — —— —— — —
— — —— —— —

PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------319

NChf*AftUf ACTURIAiG ——————— ———————

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

190

4 0 .0

177
54*3

1 0 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .0 0

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS 6 —— ------------------- —
NONPANUFAC TLft ING

214
207
72

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
9 8 . 5C

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C --------------------------------

196

3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

OC*"0
9 5 .0 0

j

LLHL 1 AK 1 L j i

LLA j 5

u

NANOFAC TOR ING ———————— —————————
NONRANDFAC TURING -----------------------------------STENCGRAPHERS* SENIOR ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

112

4 0 .0
1“ b

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .CC

NONP AMJf AC TLft 1NG

See footnote at end of tables.




1 0 5 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

39*5

1 2 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

O
L

if/
116

3 *5

on * nn
00*00

276

4 0 .C

9 0 .5 0

IT ,

3 9 .5

nn*nn
90*00

1*

.“ U

1 2 9 .5 0

117 00
40 0 1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 9 .0C

173
67

28

SNITCHBCARO CPERATOR-RECEPTICNI STSHE i PUfiCI 1 uPCHATCRS f CLASS A

156
79
77

40*0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0

94

WUf-1

54'
140
404
92

in** n r
10 7.CC

l “

4 0 .0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN
49
41
39

1 1 1 .5 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o ccup a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T a m p a —
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la . , A u g u st 1972)
Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
*
2.00 2.20

Number
of
workers

Medi; i2

Middle

t
t
2.40 2.60

*
*
$
2.80 3.00 3.20

t
»
*
$
3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

i
t
4.20 4.40

$
$
*
$
4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20

t
$
$
$
5.40 5.60 5.8C 6.00

$
6.20

and
under
2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60

4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40

HEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

52
35

$
3 .9 3
3 .8 7

$
3 .8 5
3 .8 4

$
$
3 . 4 3 - 4 .6 6
2 . 3 9 - 4 .4 9

1C
9

.

“

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------N0NHAMJF AC T U R I N G -----------------

231
203
28

4 .3 6
4 .3 1
4 .7 8

4 .1 1
4 .0 8
5 .3 9

3 . 7 4 - 5 .0 9
3 . 7 5 - 5 .0 6
3 . 2 9 - 5 .5 5

-

_
-

_
-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFA CTL RI NG -----------------

123
74
49

4 .4 3
4 .7 4
3 .9 7

4 .4 1
4 .4 9
4 .1 3

3 . 4 6 - 5 .2 6
3 . 7 6 - 6 .0 4
3 . 3 6 - 4 .4 6

*

*

_
*

_
-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRACES -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NON MAN UFACTURING -----------------

90
48
42

3 .1 9
3 .2 4
3 . 13

3.0 4
2 .7 7
3.G6

2 . 5 4 - 4 .0 6
2 . 2 6 - 4 .4 4
2 . 8 8 - 3 .7 0

e
6
2

13
10
3

5
5

MACHINE-T0CL CPERATCRS, TCCLRC0M —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

9C
90

3 .7 5
3 .7 5

3 .8 8
3 .8 8

3 . 7 1 - 4 .0 5
3 . 7 1 - 4 .0 5

-

“

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

93
76

4 .6 5
4 .5 7

5 .0 2
5 .G
O

3 . 9 6 - 5 .0 7
3 . 9 4 - 5 .0 7

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTCMCTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES ---------------

665
117
548
199

4 .1 1
3 .3 8
4 .2 7
4 .6 2

4 .0 5
3 . 18
4 . 11
4 .8 8

3 . 5 0 - 4 .8 1
2 . 6 0 - 3 .9 7
3 . 7 7 - 4 .8 9
3 . 4 7 - 5.83

-

8
8
-

42
22
20
20

5
1
4
1

20
10
10
10

44
21
23
8

MECHANICS, MAI NTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

583
462
121

4 .2 7
4 .2 1
4 .5 3

4 .1 8
4 .1 6
4 .6 8

3 . 6 6 - 5.0 4
3 . 5 4 - 5.03
4 .C 7 - 5.0 7

“

-

18
18
*

17
14
3

24
18
6

PAINTERS, MAI NTENANCE ---------------

25

4 .3 0

3 .9 8

3 . 8 4 - 4 .7 8

-

i

-

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MAN UFA CTURING ---------------------

80
80

4 .8 1
4 .8 1

5.C6
5.C6

4 . 6 0 - 5 .2 6
4 . 6 0 - 5 .2 6

See footnotes at end o f tables.




.

.

ii
ii

_

15
15
-

28
28

8
5
3

6
6
-

1

2
2

_

_

“

“

“

2
2
“

30
30
“

6
6

35
22
13

-

-

-

*

16
16
-

-

1
1

_

4
4

12
12

-

1
1

_
“

16
16
*

8
8
“

-

5
5

45
28

-

10
10

“

“

_

-

~

20
8
12
-

39
3
36
26

37
37

19
19
19

24
24
24

*

51
51
51

-

-

16
1
15

41
41

89
55
34

72
72

20
20

-

.

“

-

4
4
“

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

18
18

-

4
4

38
38

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

10

30
29
l

3
3
-

2
2
-

12
12
“

8
4
4

7
1
6

6
6

20
6
14

4
4

_
-

10
10

_
-

4
4

20
20

6
6

2
2

25
25

1
1

_

_

23
2
21
1

35
1
34
14

43
8
35
8

74
19
55
1

111
14
97
9

58
58
7

12
12
-

35
33
2

23
19
4

26
25
1

25
20
5

23
20
3

118
109
9

9
9

23
13
10

-

i

3

-

9

i

-

-

8
8

2
2

3
3

_

7
7

_

_

6
5

15
15
-

9
8
1

23
16
7

5
5
-

-

18
10
8

8
8

10
5
5

5
5

16
16

*

1

-

_

2
2

15
15

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

6
6

_

43
43

3
3

_

18
18

1
“

-

_
“

2
-

2

-

_

-

12
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r l y e a r n in g s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T a m p a -S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., A u g u st 1972)

Num ber of w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

(
t
t
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0

Number
of
Mean 2

Median^

Middle range ^

$
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .2 0
t

*

S
t
«
t
*
S
1 -------1 -------1 ------- f
$
*
$
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

*
*
t
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

i
5 .6 0

and
under

1 .7 0

1 .8 0 1 .9 0

2 .0 0 2 .2 0

2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

38
30
8

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

WN
E
GUARDS ANC WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 ,1 9 5
16 3
1,032

$
1.90
2 .6 8
1 .78

$
1.73
2 .66
1.70

$
$
1 . 6 6 - 1.93
2 . 5 5 - 2 .83
1 . 6 5 - 1.81

GUARCS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

532
-

532

236
5
231

116
-

116

50
11
39

59
12
47

-

28
21
7

106
71
35

14
10
4

4
i
3

2
2

9

-

-

-

7

64

10

1

2

30

4

5
4

15
6

4
2

i
i

9

114

2 .8 9

2 .70

2 .6 4 -

3 .41

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

49

2 .21

2 .0 9

1 .9 7 -

2 .55

-

5

J A N I T O R S , PO RT ERS , ANC CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

1 ,179
243
936
97

2 .1 4
2 .5 9
2 .0 2
2 .6 3

2 .05
2.51
1.98
2 .55

1 .7 6 2 .0 9 1 .7 4 2 .2 7 -

2 .36
2.7C
2.25
2 .89

175

192
23
169

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANOLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

895
229
666

2 .5 5
2 .91
2 .4 3

2 .33
2.56
2 .2 9

2 .1 2 2 .2 6 2 .0 7 -

2.92
3.91
2 .72

ORDER
F IL L E R S -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

15 5
153

2 .65
2 .65

2 .42
2 .43

2 .1 7 2 .1 8 -

3 .43
3 .44

8
8

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

97
80

2 .02
2 .0 9

1.96
1 .99

1 .7 4 1 .9 1 -

2.16
2.20

22
6

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

109
37
72

3 .00
3 .3 7
2 .81

2 .84
3 .09
2 .59

2 .2 8 2 .3 0 2 .2 7 -

3 .33
3.39
2 .99

-

"

-

TRUCKDRIVERS
--------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

2 ,4 8 9
730
1 ,759
540

3 .3 4
2 .64
3 .6 3
4 .8 2

3 .11
2 .43
3.5 7
5.72

2 .3 2 2 .3 2 2 .3 3 3 .4 7 -

4.24
2.96
4 .43
5 .76

-

9
-

38
12
26

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNOER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

241
29
212

2 .31
3 .13
2 .2 0

2 .14
3.3 9
2.1 2

2 .0 2 2 .7 5 2 .0 1 -

2.53
3.56
2 .26

_

8

-

-

“

8

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANC INCLUDING 4 TCNS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

784
158
626

3 .4 0
2 .64
3 .5 9

2.7 7
2 .42
3.1 5

2 .2 9 2 .3 2 2 .2 8 -

4 .19
2 .63
5 .15

_

_

-

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER 4 TCNS,
TRAILER TYP E) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

880
278
602

3.7 4
2 .81
4 .1 7

3.7 5
2 .55
4 .31

2 .5 9 2 .4 0 3 .7 1 -

4 .42
3.19
4 .47

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYP E) --------------

528

3.1 2

2 .49

2 .3 2 -

3.49

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

-

14

7

4

99
43
56
13

60
40
20
7

28
7
21
15

31
10
21
8

190
41
149

216
45
171

112
41
71

26
6
20

42
2
40

75
12
63

4

19

14

-

-

-

25

75
1
74

4

19

14

84
81
3

“

8
8

6
6

20
18

34
34

15
15

10
10

i
i

6
6

i
i

24
24

i
i

20
20

6
6

6
6

25
25

18
18

4
4

5
5

4
4

4
4

_

2
2

_

-

8

7

3

15

11

-

-

12

i i

190
14
176

“

97
15
82
3

-

2

25

-

-

“

1
1

188
45
143
30

-

71
14
57
5

175

9

2
-

_

-

-

8

2

9

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

2

9

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
7

“

1

-

-

-

-

16
15
1

8

_

-

341

-

9
-

-

8

9

-

7

3

15

2

2

4

454
204
250
15

283
195
88
5

52
25
27

35
29
6

130
37
93
16

140
58
82
72

115
17
98
40

197
22
175
40

9

14

3
2
1

12
12

1

__

~

101
2
99

22

10

-

-

19

25
2
23

22

10

20
7
13

2
2

10
10

123
21
102

144
36
108

98
49
49

20
8
12

-

64
4
60

-

5
5

4

7

“

64
2
62

98
76
22

12
10
2

27
25
2

34
31
3

54
52
2

58

72

58

72

77

"

2

18

76

40

40

“

“

1

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

~

1

123
69
54

71

129

~

“

2
2
“

4

14

7

-

i

9

19

3

-

-

“

"

_

-

-

“

-

_

-

-

9

1

_

-

-

“

_

18
18

_

-

-

-

“

_

-

4

11
10
1

9

~

“

_

2

32
10
22

-

296
91
205
10

-

_
-

-

8

-

-

1

21
2
19

-

6
4
2
1

"

-

i

8

i

65

134
1
133

136
20
116

l

1

~

66

“

“

1

1

2
2

1
1

8

“

48
1
47

3
1
2

20
18
2

1
1

17

130

114

15
15

-

8

-

17

130

114

_

_

-

-

“

1

_
-

1

“

~

_

6
6

“

8

9
-

8

9

_
-

-

341
341
_

-

“

_

_

-

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

•

“

153
-

153
116

-

-

116
72

13
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of w ork ers in se le cte d occupations by industry division , Tampa—
St. P etersbu rg, F la ., August 1972)
Number o f w o rk e rs re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

t

$

*

1.6C 1 .7 0
Mean 2

Median^

Middle range *

1 .8 0

i
*
*
t
5
5
*
2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0

*
t
S i
i
$
I
I
j
i
$
3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4.CC 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5.CC 5.2C 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

and
under
1.7C 1 .8 0

MEN -

1
1 .9 0 2 .0 0

*

1 .9 0 2 ,0 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5.2C 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

CONTINUED

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

442
336
106
30

$
3 .2 6
3 .2 4
3 .3 1
4 .9 5

$
2 .9 0
2 .7 9
2 .9 1
5 .7 3

$
2 .2 4 2 .2 5 2 .1 4 3 .8 9 -

$
4 .1 7
4 .1 7
3.8B
5.7 7

559
542

1 .7 5
1 .7 4

1 .6 8
1 .6 8

1 .6 4 1 .6 4 -

1.83
1.8C

334
329

81
81

42

2 .3 0

2 .4 4

1 .8 8 - 2 .5 0

8

2

67
55
12

35
35
-

14
14

90
60
30
5

8
8

5
5

22
4
18

17
17

2
1

13
9
4

1
1

-

19
5
14

-

WOMEN

J A N I T O R S , PO RTERS, AND CLEANERS -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PACKERS,

S H IP P I N G ------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




16
10
-

1

2

22

5

3
-

-

3
1

3
3

83
83
-

22
20
2

14
14

1

-

-

-

1

-

~

-

24
24

22
~

22
22

14

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown, The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld staff in c la s s ify in g into a p p rop ria te
o cc u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fro m e s ta b lis h m en t to esta b lish m en t and
fro m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b content.
B e ca u s e o f th is em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l content, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in u se in
individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In applying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in stru cted
to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and han dicap ped, p a r t -tim e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
C L E R K , ACCO U NTIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M ACHINE
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r it e r . M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er
c le r i c a l w ork in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a ch in e , a re
c la s s if ie d by type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B i l le r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (co m b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fro m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e t c . U su ally in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te rm in e d d is c o u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r
m a y not be c om p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w hich a re a u to m a tica lly accu m u la ted
by m a c h in e . The o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e num ber o f ca r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B ille r , m a ch in e (book k eepin g m a c h in e ). U ses a book k eepin g m ach in e (with o r w ithout
a ty p e w rite r k ey b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as part o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tion . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u re s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te s fig u re s on a n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s
and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f b ook k eep in g.
W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard typ es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K EE PIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a t y p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d
o f b u s in es s t r a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u ir in g a know ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
book k eepin g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity with the s tru ctu re o f the p a r ticu la r accou n tin g sy ste m
u sed . D eterm in es p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce s h e e ts, and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B. K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u sually
re q u ir in g little know ledge o f b a s ic book k eepin g. P h a se s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a cco u n ts pa ya b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not includ ing a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e xp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accou n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
C L E R K , ACCO U N TIN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c le r i c a l task s such as postin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern al c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; a ssign in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lcu la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a r in g m o r e co m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in eith er a m anual o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a kn ow ledge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f fic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w hich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the bookk eepin g and accou n tin g te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f bookk eepin g and a ccou n tin g.




P o s it io n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the follow in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . U nder g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p era tion s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r e x a m p le, c le r i c a l ly p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e accou n tin g tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le ctin g am ong a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s through p rev iou s
accou n tin g a c tio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , follow in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and stan d ard ized p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routin e accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tific a tio n o f item s and lo ca tio n s o f p ostin g s a re
c le a r ly in d ica te d ; ch e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and co d in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s i f ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e ta b lish ed filin g s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sk s re q u ir e d to m aintain file s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d e xes file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n ica l d o cu m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy stem containin g a num ber o f v a r ie d su b ject
m a tte r f il e s . M ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction
with the f il e s .
M ay lead a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s if ie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d ,
w ards m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d

C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that
is a lr e a d y been c la s s if ie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n sy s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily av a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rd s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m ay f il l out w ithdraw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual task s
r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e by m a il, p hon e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o r d e r
sheet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d epa rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay ch e ck with c r e d it
depa rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to se e that they have been fille d , keep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C om pu tes w ages o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
sh e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu latin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs b a sed on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and
postin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork ing
d a y s, t im e , ra te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and total w ages due. M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e.

N OTE : The B ureau has d isco n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data fo r c o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s .

15

u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m atter) h ead ­
fin e r subheadin gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le rela ted in dex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r i c a l task s re q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

16
K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e
tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

to r e c o r d

o r v e r ify

alp h a b etic

a n d /o r n u m e ric

data on

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le ctin g p r o c e ­
d u res to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r co d in g ite m s to be
keypu nched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts. On o c c a s ig n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s o m e routin e
keypunch w o rk .
M ay tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the le v e l d efin ition s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th ose o f fic ia ls who have a s ig n ifica n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p olicy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f this r o le , d oes not
in all c a s e s id en tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w hose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on individual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., ap p rov e o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r individ ual tru st a cco u n ts; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c le r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f app lying the follow in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is routin e and r e p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tru ctio n s , w ork s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w hich have
been co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fro m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p resid en t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but few er than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , im m e d ia te ly below the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l,
se gm e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la s s B

M ESSENGER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fic e m a ­
c h in es such as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu de p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

a ll,

SE C R E T A R Y

3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elow the o f f i c e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ction a l a ctiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in du stria l r e l a ­
t io n s , e t c .) err a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r or g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ea d q u a rters;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u al. M aintains a c lo s e and highly
re s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks fa ir ly indepen d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce . P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;
a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l ls , p e r s o n a l c a l le r s , and in co m in g
in q u ir e s , and ro u te s te c h n ica l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;

m a il,

an sw ers

b.

E s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individ ual plant, f a c to r y , e t c . (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tion a l segm en t often in v olv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M aintain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s app ointm ents as in s tru cte d ;

d.

routin e

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p res id en t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v is o r 's sign a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

by o th e r s fo r the

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n w hose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition fo r c la s s B, but w hose o rg a n iz a tion a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly divid ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tion al se g m e n ts w hich a r e o fte n , in turn, fu rth er su b d ivid ed . In s om e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in clu d e s a w ide ran ge o f o rg a n iz a tion a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; or
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individual plant, f a c to r y , e t c . (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic and typing w ork .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow ledge o f o f fic e rou tin e and understanding o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w hich a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o r y staff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : Many com p a n ies assign
s te n o g r a p h e r s , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to this le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER

a.

P o s itio n s

b.

S ten o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

w hich

do

not m e e t

the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e ta r y

co n c e p t

d e s c r ib e d

above;

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f fic e a s s is ta n ts to a grou p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ica l, or
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the d u ties a r e e ith e r substan tially m o r e routine o r
su b stan tially m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the defin ition ,

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion using sh orthand, and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tion . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a sten og ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e
fro m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r, G e n e ra l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin gu ish ed fro m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e ta r y n o r m a lly
w ork s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip with only one m a n a g er o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y task s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G eneral

e.
A s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l duties w hich a re not ty p ica l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .




D ictation in v o lv e s a n orm al routine v o c a b u la r y . M ay m aintain f il e s , keep s im p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly routin e c le r i c a l ta sk s.

17
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r } — C on tin u e d

S ten og ra p h er, S en ior

P o s itio n s a re c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g defin ition s.

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a ls o set up and m aintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc.
OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o gra p h ic duties r e q u irin g s ig n ifica n tly g r e a t e r in depen d en ce and r e s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten og ra p h ic speed and a c c u r a c y ; a th orough w ork in g know ledge o f ge n e ra l b u sin e ss
and o f fi c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f il e s , w o rk flo w , e tc .
U ses this know ledge in p e r fo rm in g s te n o g ra p h ic du ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l task s such as m aintain ing fo llo w u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r ts ,
m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le le tte r s fro m gen eral in s tru ctio n s ; readin g and
routin g in com in g m a il; and an sw erin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc.
SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p era tes a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s full telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to
doing rou tin e w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll-t im e
a ssig n m en t. ( " F u l l" telep hone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e sta b lish m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily un d erstan d able fo r telep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b eca u se
o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te rr e la te d fu n ctio n s, and c o n se q u e n tly p re s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s as to
w hich e x ten sion s a re a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p erates a sin gle - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a lls . M ay handle routin e long d ista n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telep hone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telep hone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ction s o f the e sta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily understandable fo r telep hone
in form a tion p u r p o s e s , o r if the re q u e sts a r e rou tin e, e .g ., givin g e x te n sio n n u m bers when
s p e c ific nam es a re fu rn ish e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a re r e fe r r e d to an other o p e r a t o r .)
T h e se c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in telep h on e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in placin g c a lls .
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo rm in g duties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e s w itch ­
b o a r d , a cts as r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m routin e c le r ic a l w ork as part o f re g u la r
du ties. T h is typing o r c le r i c a l w ork m ay take the m a jo r p art o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itch b oa rd .
TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c tr ic A ccou n tin g M achine O p e ra to r)
O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p rod u cin g punch, e tc . E x clu ded fro m this d e fin itio n a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o exclu d ed a re o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic digita l c o m p u te r s , even though they m ay a ls o op e ra te
EA M equipm ent.

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r ep ortin g and tabulating assign m en ts including dev isin g
d iffic u lt c o n tr o l panel w irin g under g e n e ra l su p e r v is io n . A ssig n m en ts ty p ica lly in volve a
v a r ie ty o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w hich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n on r e c u r r in g , req u irin g
s o m e planning o f the nature and sequ en cin g o f op e r a tio n s , and the use o f a v a riety o f m a ­
ch in e s . Is t y p ic a lly in volved in train in g new o p e r a to r s in m ach in e op era tion s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fro m d ia g ra m s and in the op eratin g seq u en ces o f long and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to es ta b lis h ed p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A ssig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v olv e c o m p le te but routin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p arts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m a ch in e s such as the tabu lator and c a lc u la t o r , in addition to the s im p le r m a ch in es
used by c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay be re q u ir e d to do so m e w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s . M ay tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tru ctio n s , op e r a te s s im p le tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g
m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p rod u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A ssig n m en ts
t y p ic a lly in vo lve p o rtio n s o f a w ork unit, fo r e x a m p le, individual s ortin g o r c olla tin g runs,
o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .
TR A N SC RIBIN G -M AC H IN E O PE R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in volvin g a n orm al routin e v o ca b u la ry fro m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten cop y and do s im p le c le r i c a l w ork .
W o rk e rs tr a n s c r ib in g dicta tio n in volvin g a v a r ie d te ch n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who takes d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s if ie d as a sten og ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a riou s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tion s have been m ade by another p e r s o n . M ay include typing of s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls fo r u se in du p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l train in g , such
as keeping s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s ortin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yping m a te r ia l in final fo rm when
it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a te r ia l fro m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t sp ellin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f te ch n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typing o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tica l ta b le s to m aintain u n iform ity
and balan ce in sp a cin g . M ay type routin e fo rm le tt e r s , v aryin g d eta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d r a fts ; o r routin e typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e t c .; o r setting up sim p le standard
tabu lation s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL A N D TECHNICAL
CO M PU TE R O P E R A T O R — Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the co n tro l c o n s o le o f a digital c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to op era tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u sually p re p a re d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru ctio n s to d e te rm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; load s equipm ent with re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it , and starts
and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s adjustm ents to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t op era tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during o p e ra tio n and d e te r m in e s ca u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m aintain s op era tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p e ra te s independ ently, o r under only gen era l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly tested
and in trod u ced ; sch edu lin g re q u ir e m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x design so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often re q u ir e s a
w ork ing know ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and altern ate p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . May
give d ir e c t io n and gu idan ce to lo w e r le ve l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B. O p era tes independ ently, o r under only gen era l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a re es ta b lis h e d
p rod u ction ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th ere is little o r no testin g




o f new p r o g r a m s re q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a re p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p rog ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a re a s o n a b le tim e .
In c om m on e r r o r s itu a ­
tio n s , d ia g n o s e s ca u se and takes c o r r e c t i v e a ction . T h is u sually in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e ste p s, o r using standard c o r r e c t io n te ch n iq u es.
OR
O p e ra te s under d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r by in d e ­
pendently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt task s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo rm in g d iffic u lt task s follow in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and with freq u en t r e v ie w o f op era tion s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on routin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e su p e r v is io n .
Is ex p ected to d ev e lo p
w ork ing k n ow ledge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent used and ab ility to d etect p r o b le m s in v olv ed in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U sually has r e c e iv e d s om e fo rm a l train in g in com p u ter o p era tion .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M PU TE R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u sin e ss p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s analyst, into
a sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich a r e re q u ir e d to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. W orking fro m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tru ctio n s w h ich , when en te re d into the com p u ter sy s te m in c o d e d language, c a u s e the m anipulation

18
COM PU TER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s know ledge o f
co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic em p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r ticu la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v olv ed to an a lyze c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce
o f p r o g r a m step s; w rite s d e ta ile d flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te sts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l during p r o d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte rs
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p r o ­
gram in g should be c la s s if ie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p ay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific
a n d /o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W orks independ ently o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fro m d ia ­
g ra m s and c h a rts w hich id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
plans the full ran ge o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the c o m p u te r sy ste m
in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .
At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent m u st be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n s iv e n um ber o f in tern al p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r . T h is re q u ir e s
such a ction s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be re u s e d , e sta b lish m e n t o f
link age points betw een o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
co m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and su bstan tial m an ipu lation and r e s e q u e n cin g o f data ele m e n ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in tegra ted p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W orks independ ently o r u nd er o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n on r e la tiv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th re e v a r ie d se q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a re p ro d u c e d by re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r add itions to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w hich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and sequ en cin g
o f data can be te s te d by u sin g a fe w routin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
routin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W orks on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by independ ently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nd er fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s tru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u su ally
le a r n e d i n f o r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e with
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g them by use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f all s p e c ific a t io n s n eeded to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d digita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly zes s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r ia r e q u ire d
to a ch ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n um ber and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d ocu m en ts to
be u sed ; ou tlin es a ctio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and co m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t detail fo r
p re s e n ta tio n to m an agem en t and fo r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w ork and
data flow c h a r ts ); c o o r d in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and p a r ticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O TE : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ra m in g should be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts if this is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th eir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s an a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with
s c ie n tific o r en g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s an a lysts a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W orks indepen d en tly o r under on ly ge n e ra l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volv in g a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e ca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e re q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. (F o r exa m p le, d e v e lo p s an in tegrated
p r o d u ctio n s ch e d u lin g , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich




COM PUTER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS— C o n t in u e d

e v e r y item o f each type is a u tom a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the full sy s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a re in itiated by the com p u ter.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tion s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes re c o m m e n d a tio n s , if
n eeded , fo r ap p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tion s o r ch an ges and fo r obtain in g equipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l
a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

lev el s y s te m s a n a lysts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W orks independ ently o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e, plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h om og en eou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m aintain ing d e p o s it o r a ccou n ts in a bank,
m aintain ing a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il esta b lish m en t, o r m aintain ing in ven tory a ccou n ts
in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le es ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p er s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W orks on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W orks independ ently on rou tin e a ssig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r alin em en t with the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W orks under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d es ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly sis w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m ay a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s an a lyst by p r e p a r in g the d eta iled s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fro m in fo r m a tio n d e v elop ed by the h ig h er le v e l an a lyst.
D RAFTSM A N
C la s s A . P la n s the g rap h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d esig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fro m e s ta b lis h e d d raftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o r t with the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s .
A n a ly zes the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r t s .
W orks with a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w ork is
re v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y with p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r le v e l d ra fts m en .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on routine and c o m p le x draftin g a s s ig n m en ts that r e q u ire the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u sed . D uties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d raw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh ap es,
m u ltip le fu n ctio n s , and p r e c is e p osition a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een com p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c tu ra l d ra w in gs fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a buildin g in clu d in g d etail d raw in gs o f fou n dation s, w all
s e c t io n s , f lo o r pla n s, and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo rm u la s and m anua ls in m aking n e c e s s a r y
com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e quantities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u sed , loa d c a p a c it ie s , stren g th s,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itial in s tru ctio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w ork is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ica l ad eq u acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d etail d raw in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m an u factu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p es o f d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and se c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify position in g o f
co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y needed in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fro m a num ber o f s o u r c e s
and adju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u ggested m eth od s o f a p p roa ch , a p p lica b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e given with initial a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D RAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la cin g tr a c in g cloth o r p a p er o v e r
d raw in gs and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ited to plans p r im a r ily
co n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not re q u ir in g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN
W orks on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e r a tio n s : M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and ov erh a u lin g . T h ese o p e r a tio n s
r e q u ir e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r all o f the fo llo w in g ta sk s: A s s e m b lin g , testin g , ad ju stin g,
c a lib r a tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
W ork is n o n re p e titiv e and r e q u ir e s a know ledge o f the th e o r y and p r a c t ic e of e le c t r o n ic s
p ertain in g to the u se o f g e n e ra l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic te s t equipm ent; tr o u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a tio n , r e la tio n s h ip , and alin em en t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s having
a v a r ie ty o f com p on en t p a r ts .

19
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN — C ontinued

NURSE, IN D U STR IAL (R e g is t e r e d )

E le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s w o rk e d on t y p ic a lly in clu d e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
G rou n d, v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e ra d io c o m m u n ica tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n avigation a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r grou n d ra d a r s y s t e m s ; ra d io and te le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u te r s ; m is s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft guidance and c o n t r o l s y s te m s ; in d u s tria l and m e d ica l
m e a s u r in g , in d ica tin g and c o n tr o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc.

A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e ctio n t o i l l o r
in ju red e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i ll o r s u ffe r an a ccid e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th er es ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in volve a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid
to the i ll o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
o f patients tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a ccid e n t r e p o r ts f o r com p en sa tion o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in ation s and health evalu ation s o f app lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in volvin g health e du cation , a ccid e n t p rev en tion , evaluation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and safety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N ursing s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u r s e s in es ta b lis h m e n ts em ployin g m o r e than one n u rse a r e exclu d ed .

(E x clu d e p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a fts m e n , d ra fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f such standard e le c t r o n ic equipm ent as o ffic e m a c h in e s , ra d io and t e le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E

M ACHINIST, M AIN TE N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m aintain in good r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann ing and layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ; using a
v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k ­
ing standard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le ctin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t parts and new p arts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m eta l p arts of m ec h a n ic a l
equipm ent op e ra te d in an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and laying out o f w ork ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; setting up and op eratin g standard m a ch in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p arts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and sp e e d s o f m ach in in g; know ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s of
the co m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le ctin g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ;
and fitting and a s s e m b lin g p arts into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u sually a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TE N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in sta lla tio n , m ain te n a n ce , o r
r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the ge n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; In stallin g o r r e p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , sw itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , heating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth er t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y ou ts, o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and d iagn osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l
s y s te m o r equipm ent; w ork in g standard com pu tation s rela tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's han dtools and m e a s u r in g and testin g
in s tru m en ts . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m aintenance e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r equ ivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
EN G IN EER, STATIO N A RY
O perates and m aintain s and m ay a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n of sta tio n a ry engines and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to supply the e sta b lish m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d with p o w e r ,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O perating and m aintain ing equipm ent
such as steam e n g in es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipm ent, steam b o ile r s and b o i le r - f e d w ater pum ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keeping a r e c o r d o f op e ra tio n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e sta b lish m e n ts e m p loyin g m o r e than one
en g in eer a r e e x c lu d e d .
FIR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y BO ILER
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to furnish the e sta b lish m e n t in w hich em p lo ye d w ith heat, p o w e r,
o r stea m . F eed s fu els to f ir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
ch e ck s w ater and sa fety v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.
H E L P E R , M AIN TE N A N C E TRAD ES
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o rk e r su pplied with m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by holdin g m a te r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . The kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tr a d e : In s o m e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed
to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a te r ia ls and t o o ls , and clea n in g w ork ing a r e a s ; and in oth ers
he is p e rm itted to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p arts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e types o f m ach in e t o o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s, o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the co n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo rm in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups or
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; s e le ctin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e ra tio n se q u e n ce ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during op e ra tio n
to a ch iev e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s.
M ay be r e q u ire d to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o i ls .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops a r e ex clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .




M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M aintenance)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e sta b lish m en t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining au tom otiv e equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in volve the use o f such h an dtools as w re n ch e s ,
g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a r ts ; rep la cin g brok en o r
d e fe c tiv e p arts fr o m sto ck ; grin din g and adjustin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a rio u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and alin ing w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k es
and lig h ts, o r tightenin g body b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the autom otiv e m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u sually a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren tices h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au to­
m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s.
M EC H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m a ch in e s and m ec h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u r c e of tr o u b le ;
d ism an tlin g o r p a rtly dism an tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo rm in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use
o f han dtools in sc r a p in g and fitting p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith item s obtained
fr o m sto c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u ctio n o f a r ep la cem en t part by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p rep a rin g w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f p arts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e shop; re a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts fo r o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren tices h ip o r equivalent
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d ed fro m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties
in vo lve setting up or adjustin g m a ch in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r heavy equipm ent, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r heavy
equipm ent when ch anges in the plant layout a r e re q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp retin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using a v a r ie ty
o f han dtools and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s , strength o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; alin ing and balancing of equipm ent; s e le ctin g standard t o o ls ,
equipm ent, and p arts to be u se d ; and in sta llin g and m aintain ing in g ood o r d e r pow er t r a n s m is s io n
equipm ent such as d r iv e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the trade a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r
equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E
Paints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu re s o f an es ta b lis h m en t. W ork in v olv es
the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and types o f paint re q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r painting by rem ov in g old fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f il l e r in nail

20
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L

h oles and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint with s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o lo r s , o i ls , white
lea d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the
m ain ten an ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

types o f s h e e t -m e t a l m ain ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; setting
up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w ork in g m a ch in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f han dtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a ying out o f w ork and m e a s u r in g to lo ca te
p o s itio n o f p ipe fr o m d raw in gs o r o th e r w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a c h in e s ; threading
pipe with s to c k s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e with c o u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f pipe re q u ir e d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ­
is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g building sanitation
o r heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R, M AIN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in go o d r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu r e s
(su ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan k s, v e n tila to r s , c h u te s, d u cts, m e ta l
r oofin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out all

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

T O O L AND DIE M AK ER
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix tu re s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w ork .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ;
using a v a r ie ty o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; u n d er­
standing o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; setting up and op era tin g o f
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m eta l p arts during fa b r ic a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork ing to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le ctin g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren tices h ip
o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
shops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

t o o l and die m a k ers in t o o l

and die job b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
SH IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

GUARD AN D W ATCH M AN
G uard. P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu des gatem en who a r e station ed at gate and ch e ck
on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W atch m an . M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty again st f ir e ,
th eft, and ille g a l e n try.
JA N ITO R, P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in com in g sh ip ­
m en ts o f m e r ch a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f the g o o d s sh ipped, m aking up b ills o f ladin g, p ostin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts
a gain st b ills o f ladin g, in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g d a m ­
aged g o o d s ; routin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m aintain ing n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f il e s .

C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n f a c to r y w ork in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apa rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in vo lve
a com b in a tion o f the f o llo w in g : S w eeping, m op p in g o r scr u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu res o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
TR U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLING
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th er e sta b lish m e n t
w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g ; Loading and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r ch a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpackin g, sh e lvin g,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r ch a n d is e by han dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ips a r e
e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

O RD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d go o d s fr o m s to r e d m e r ch a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce with s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th er in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in addition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s ition add ition al s to ck o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d du ties.
P A C K E R , SHIPPING

V E R N M E N T

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be rated on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , light (under 1Vz tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , heavy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , heavy (o v e r 4 to n s , oth er than t r a ile r type)

T R U C K E R , POW ER

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p lacin g them in shipping c o n ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent upon the typ e , s iz e , and num ber
o f units to be pa ck e d , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f sh ipm en t. W ork re q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
K now ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type
and s iz e o f con ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; usin g e x c e l s i o r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p rev en t b rea k a g e o r dam age; c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and applying la b e ls o r en terin g
iden tifyin g data on co n ta in e r .
P a ck e rs who a ls o m ake w ooden boxes o r c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/. S . G O
☆ U
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

D r iv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
equ ipm en t, o r m e n betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f es ta b lis h m e n ts such a s : M anufacturin g plants, fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il es ta b lis h m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o load o r unload tru ck with o r without h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .

PRINTING

OFFICE:

1 9 7 2 — 74 6 - 1 8 5 / 3 9

O p e ra te s a m an u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c to r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a re c la s s if ie d by type o f tr u c k ,

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

as fo llo w s :

A re a W a g e S u rv ey s
A lis t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p re se n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c t o r y of a r e a w age stu d ie s including m o r e lim ite d stu d ie s conducted at the
re q u e st of the E m p lo y m e n t Stan dard s A d m in is tr a tio n of the D e p a rtm e n t of L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e st. B u lle tin s m a y be p u rc h a se d fro m any of the B L S
re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the ba ck c o v e r , or fr o m the Superintendent o f D o c u m e n ts, U .S . G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O f fic e , W ash in g ton , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 .
A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 7 1 1_________________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 ---------------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 ___________________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 _
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A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 _________________________________________
A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 1 (t o b e s u r v e y e d )
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 1 ______________________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u i ^ - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 2 ________
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ___________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 __________________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 7 1 ___________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 1 _______________________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 _________________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1 9 7 1 ______________________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 2 * ________________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 ______________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 1 ____________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 2 __________________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 2 _______________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 7 1 _____________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 1 ______________________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , I o w a ^ I l l . , F e b . 1 9 7 2 1_
M
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D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 1 1 — _____________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 1 1______________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 _________________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 2 _______________________________________
D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 1----------------------------------------------------------F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d and W e s t P a l m
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 1_______________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1 -----------------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 2 _____________________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 ________________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 2 1 ___________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 _______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 1 _________________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 1 ___________
L e x i n g t o n , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 1 (t o b e s u r v e y e d )
L i t t l e R o c k r - N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1________
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 ____________________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 7 1 1______________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 _____________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1__________________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 1 1 ___________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 1 ________________ _____________________ ____
M i d l a n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 1 ---------------------------------


i
Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

B u lle tin n um b er
and p r ic e
1 6 8 5-87,
1 7 2 5-49,
1 7 2 5-59,
1725-87,
1 7 2 5-77,

40
30
35
35
45

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-16,
1725-69,
1 7 75-5,
1 7 2 5-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1 7 2 5-75,
1 7 2 5-63,
1725-48,
1 7 2 5-14,
1 7 2 5-92,
1 7 2 5-56,
1 7 2 5-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1 7 2 5-55,
1 7 2 5 -36 ,
1 7 2 5 -44 ,
1 7 2 5 -86 ,
1 7 2 5 -68 ,
1 7 2 5 -64 ,

35
30
45
30
30
40
45
25
35
35
35
30
70
35
40
30
35
35
35
35
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c ents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 7 2 5 -74 ,
1 7 2 5-21,
1 7 7 5 -1,
1 7 2 5 -66 ,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1725-81,

35
30
55
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 775-2,

55 c e n t s

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1 7 2 5 -40 ,
1725-28,
1725-37,

45
35
35
55
35
30
30

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea

Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972 1----------------------------------------Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 ______________
St.
Muskegorr-Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1 ______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 _____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1_________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972___________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 19721
___________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972_____________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972_______________________
Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Sept. 1971 1_______________________
Paterson—
Clifton-Passaic, N.J., June 1972 1 ---------------Philadelphia, Pa.-N .J., Nov. 1971 1 ____________________
Phoenix, A riz., June 1971______________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1___________________ ________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 -----------------------------Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y.,
June 1972 1 ____________________________________________
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass.,
M
May 1972______________________________________________
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1972_______________________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1972 * ____________________________
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1971______________________________________________
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1972___
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 _____________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1972_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971________________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1972___________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1971 1__________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1 ____________
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1972____________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1 _____________________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1971________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1972_____________________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971_________________________
South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 ___________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1____________________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1971 1____________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1972_______________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1972 1 _______________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971_______________________________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1972___________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d.-V a., Mar. 1972 1 ----------------------Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1 ________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_____________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 19721------------------------------------------Worcester, Mass., May 1972 1_________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1 _________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1 ________________

B u lletin num ber
and p ric e

1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45cents
50cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
50cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30cents
45cents
35cents
40cents
50cents
30cents
40cents
35cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30cents
45cents
35cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1725-10,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1725-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30cents
45cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
50cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
45cents
35cents
30cents
45cents
70cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
35cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G TO N . D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BU SIN E SS
PENALTY FOR PR IVATE USE $300

POSTAGE AN D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-4 4 6

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
G overnm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area C ode 617)
C o nnecticut
M aine
M assachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Verm ont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area C ode 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region I II
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaw are
District of C olum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
W est Virgin ia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 P eachtree St. N.E.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area C ode 404)
Alabam a
Florida
G eorgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North C aro lina
South C aro lina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W acker Drive
C hicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illino is
Indiana
M ichigan
M innesota
Ohio
W isconsin

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
D allas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area C ode 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
Oklahom a
Texas

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 W alnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iow a
Colorado
Kansas
M ontana
M issouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
W yoming

Regions IX and X
450 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area C ode 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
C a lifo rn ia
Idaho
H aw aii
Oregon
Nevada
W ashington