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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S y ra c u s e , N e w Y o rk , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
Ju ly 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin
U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -8

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




BUREAU

OF LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U.S. D EPA RTM EN T OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S y ra c u s e , N e w Y o rk , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
J u ly 1 9 7 0
B u lle tin

1 6 8 5 -8
November 1970

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups----------------------------------------

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results. After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.

A. Occupational earnings:
A -l. Office occupations—
men and women combined-----------------A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and

Ninety areas currently are included in the pro­
gram. In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.

Appendix. Occupational descriptions-----------------------------------—
----------------




T able s:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied______________________________________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups for selected periods--------------------------------------------------------

A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations--------------------------A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations-----------------

NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Syracuse area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; local-transit operating employees; and
local truckdrivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

3
5
6

oo o
o

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Syracuse, N.Y., in July 1970, conducted under a contract
with the New York State Department of Labor. The Stand­
ard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau
of the Budget through January 1968, consists of Madison,
Onondaga, and Oswego Counties. This study was conducted
by the Bureau's regional office in New York, N.Y., under
the general direction of Thomas N. Wakin, Assistant Re­
gional Director for Operations.

1
4

1

13




In tro d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.1

either (l) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em­
ployees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even
though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year.
Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2, are better
indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A-series tables, because
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under con tract with the New York
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New Y odt portion only); R ochester (o ffic e o ccu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 77 areas a t the request of the W age and Hour D ivision of the U. S. D epartm en t o f Labor.




The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates. Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
State
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
performed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying
1

2

employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours;
paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for
this area.

3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y a n d

n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S y r a c u s e , N . V . , 1

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,2 J u ly 1 9 7 0




M i n im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p £
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

-

___

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ________________________ —
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ^ —___ __________ „
_______________ _
_
_ _____
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ___ _____ ________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _____
S e r v i c e s 6 7 _____ — _______ ____________ ____

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
N um be r

P ercen t

361

107

9 3 ,0 7 6

100

62 , 205

50

138

"

223

40
67

5 5 , 125
3 7 ,9 5 1

59
41

4 0 , 393
2 1 ,8 1 2

50

29
49
74

12
10

9 ,1 0 8

10
4

7 ,7 97

50
50
50
50

35
36

16
10

3, 7 9 4
1 4 ,2 8 9

19

15
7
5

6, 559
4 , 201

1 ,6 3 5
6, 534
3, 178
2, 6 6 8

1 The Syracuse Standard M etropolitan Statistical A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of M adison,
Onondaga, and O sw ego Counties.
The "w o r k e r s within scope of stud y" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the
size and com position of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b a sis of com p arison with
other em ploym ent indexes for the area to m easu re em ploym ent trends or lev els since (1) planning of wage surveys req uires the use of establishm ent
data com piled con sid erab ly in advance of the pa yroll period studied, and (2) sm a ll establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssification Manual was used in classifyin g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm en ts with total em ploym ent at or above the m inim um lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e r v ic e , and m otion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
* Includes a ll w orkers in a ll establishm en ts with total em ploym ent (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
* A bbreviated to "P u b lic u tilitie s " in the A -s e r i e s tables. Taxicabs and se rv ic e s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
* This industry division is represented in estim ates for " a l l in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tab les. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reaso n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough data
to m e rit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to p erm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of disclosu re of individual establishm ent data.
7 H otels and m o te ls ; laundries and other personal s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; automobile rep air, rental, and parking; m otion pictures;
nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations (excluding religious and, charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ic e s.

A lm o st tw o-th ird s of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Syracuse area
w ere em ployed in manufacturing fir m s .
The following presents the m ajor industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

E le c tric a l equipment and
supplies_________—------------------------ 28
M ach in ery, except electrical— 20
P r im a ry m etal in d u strie s______ 9
C h em icals and allied
p ro d u cts-------------------------------------- 8
Food and kindred p ro d u cts— — 7
P aper and allied p ro d u cts------------ 6
Transportation equipm ent------------ 6

Com m unication equipment-----------10
Service industry m a ch in es--------10
E lectro n ic components and
a c c e s s o r ie s ------------------------------------6
M otor veh icles and
equipm ent---------------------------------------6
E le c tric lighting and wiring
equipm ent__________ —__________ 5
G eneral industrial
Radio and TV receiving
equipm ent_______________________

5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ployment derived from universe
m aterials com piled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the resu lts of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes 1 and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index. The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

shows the percentage change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the
previous year's index.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.
Limitations of Data

Method of Computing

The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (1) general salary and
wage changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group:
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Electricians
Secretaries
Machinists
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
A and B
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
A , B, and C
A and B
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Cleiks, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Cleiks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, material handling

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group were totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the. aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The resultant relative, less 100 percent,
* Indexes of earnings referred to in this standard text are published for most areas but not in
Syracuse because the area was not surveyed in the base year of the index series.




4




5

T a b le
fo r

2.

P e rc e n ts

s e le c t e d

of

in c r e a s e

o c c u p a t io n a l

g ro u p s

in s t a n d a r d

w e e k ly

s a la r ie s

in S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., f o r

P e rio d

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

and

s e le c t e d

s t r a ig h t - t im e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

p e r io d s

In d u strial
n u rses
(m en and
wom en)

Skilled
m ainten ance
trad e s
(m en)

U n sk illed
plant
w o rk e rs
(m en)

A l l in d u s trie s
Ju ly 1969 to July 1 9 7 0 _______________________________________
July 1968 to July 1969 — -------------------------------------------------------

6. 3
5. 8

7. 3
4. 7

7. 4
7. 5

7. 5
7. 5

7. 2
5. 3

8. 0
6. 5

M anu facturing
Ju ly 1969 to July 197 0 _______________________________________
July 1968 to July 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------- —

6, 2
5, 0

6 .6
7. 5

6

A.

O ccu p atio n al

T a b le A -1.

earnings

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en com bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u ly 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

N um be r o f w o rk e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a g h t -t im e we ek ly ea rn in gs of—

$
Average
weekly

$
60

Mean 2

M edian 2

65

$

$

101.>0

102.00

$

$

94.00

101.00

$

$

$

$

A
s
120
130

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

23
21

14
12

3

18
18

1
1

20

52
35
17

27
20

12
8

*

%

$

s

S

$

$

28
29
19
10

S

2

8 4.5 0-10 3 .0 0

39.5

120.00
129.00

117.50
125.00
106.50

101 .50 -1 3 4 .5 0
112.00 -1 3 8 .0 0
9 5 .0 0-13 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0-11 9 .0 0
8 2.5 0- 97.00

39.0
39.0

$

65

$
$
98.0 0-11 1 .5 0
97.5 0-11 1 .0 0

40.0

57

NONMANUFACTURING

$

140

150

160

170

170

180

190

200

210

180

190

200

210

220

21

13

1

15

11

and
jn d e r

Middle range 2

(standard)

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

$

3

3

1 40

150

160

34
24

69
37

13
8

8

;

21

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

CLEKKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

321
1 69

39*0

CLERKS, FILfc, CLASS D
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NGNMANUFACTURING
r trni e
s

, .r> -,r- «

98.50
39* 3 107.50
91.50
3 *

lc 00
105.00
90.00

136
114

38.5
3 8.0
_

82.00

79.50
78.50

37.0

a
7 j * ~n
.O

77#
7 • 50

f

NONMANUFACTURING

39.5
39.5
39.0

92.50
93.00
91.50

92.00
93.00
87.00

NONMANUFACTURING

199
138
61

39.5
39.5
38.5

115.00
114.50
116.00

110.50
111.50
108.50

47

70 0

94.59

96.00

r. ..n r r a - n
, w .

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A

358

39.5
40.0

16*'

107.50 107.00
1Q9 5Q
10'*" 5 0

2

75.5075.00-

8 6.0 0- 99.50
8 8.0 0- 99.50
76.0 0100.50

NONMANUFACTURING

9

'

45
43

25
25

31

27

26

32
11
21

40
14
26

29
10
19

7

13
8

7

19
19

15
11

10
2

3

7
3

2

10
10

2
2

22
18
7

2

8
18

10

90.00
98.00
06.00

87.50
96.50
0 4 . 00

39.5
40.0

83.50
83.00

83.00
83.00

76.5074.50-

1

40
22
he

26
8
10

1

21

23
19

13
8

29
16

16
16

1-2

A

SECRETARIES, CLASS

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f tabl<

40.0

83
46
37
243
142
101

32
11

74

J5

12
8

19

1
1 ,1 6 0
645
515

10

fy

12
90.00
88.50

126.00
121.00

124.50
113.50

116 .00 -1 3 2 .5 0

39.0
40.0
37.5

146.50
147.50
145.50

149.00
148.00
151.00

132.50
131.00
134.50

131.50
131.50
130.00

118.00138.00
1 2 2 .50 -1 3 5 .5 0
116.00144.50

6

i

i
i

1
1

^9

36
22
14

46
34
E2

49
25
24

56
42

71
60

32
18
57
28
29

19
8
11

8

1

15

2
2

14
14

19

50

2
2

12
1
11

1

2
2

1
1

i
i

*
*

51
36
15

39
11

22
10
12

14
14

13

87
70
17

16

2
2
2

i
74

74

^3

88
42
46

1 81
92
89

257

2

1

2

3
12

10

39

12

L7

2
3

8
8

18
15
3

^6

,

92

2

2

1

.

2

1-9

2

1

2

20

1 36 .50 -1 6 2 .0 0
135.00162.00
137.00166.00

39.0
40.0
38.5

1
1

8
1

i

.

9
20
14

1-3

lr2

8 1.5 0- 97.50
8 8.0 0-10 2 .5 0

12

6

13

39.0
40.0
38. j

29
21
8

4

14
8

3

1

„

304
96
208

13

7

99.00

«« , , ,

NONMANUFACTURING




29
29

102.00123.00
103.00124.50
100 .50 -1 1 9 .5 0
90.50-

9

30

87.50
83.00

109
71

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS

30

2

39.0

32

10

246
107
139

97
71
26

SECRETARIES, CLASS

10

02

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B

ii

2

3b

NONMANUFACTURING

3

24
12

106
40

10

25
41

18
8
10

24
16
8
1

1
1

1

3

12

i

10

1
1

7
T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m en co m b in e d -----C ontin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , Ju ly 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g

$

t
Average
weekly
hours ^
(standard)

60
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

65

70

75

70

75

-

$

$
80

85

80

85

12
12

6

-

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

i

S

o f—

S

s

$

$

$

$

1 60

170

180

190

200

210

160

170

180

190

200

210

2 20

18
6

13
10

10

i*
6

18
i*

“

-

~

13
12
1

3
3

4
4

26

3
3

*

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

90

95

100

1 05

110

120

130

1*0

150

90

95

100

1 05

110

120

130

140

150

L2
12

2
“

20
16

7
4

13
3

63
*7

216
19

2*
10

4
4

7
7

27
27

62
8

62
28
34

63
32
31

74
52

38
35
3

12

and
under

65

448
1 61

39.5
38.5

$
12*.5 0
121.50

$
$
$
123.50 1 16 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
117.50 1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 * .0 0

"

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

386
1 70
216

39.0
*0.0
38.0

112.00
11*.5 0
110.00

107.50
1 1*.0 0
102.50

9 9.5 0-11 8 .5 0
106 .00 -1 2 3 .0 0
9 6.5 0-11 1 .5 0

~
*

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

123
32
91

39.0
40.0
38.5

102.00
91.50
105.50

9 8.00
92.50
102.00

9 2.0 0-10 9 .5 0
8 9.5 0 - 95.50
95.0 0-11 *.0 0

_

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

590
479

40.0
*0.0
39.5

115.00
111.50
130.50

115.00
113.50
1 *0 .5 0

105 .50 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0*.5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
1 17 .50 -1 *3 .0 0

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---

36

115.50

125.00

9 8.0 0-13 3 .0 0

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATURS, CLASS B --NONMANUFACTURING --------------

46
36

39.5
39.5

97.50
95.00

95.50
91.00

82.0 0-11 0 .5 0
7 9.5 0-10 8 .0 0

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1 07
50
57

38.5
39.0
38.5

9 8 . CO 9 9 . 0 0
10*.0 0 106.50
92.00
89.00

87.5 0-10 9 .0 0
9 8.0 0-10 9 .5 0
83.5 0-10 7 .5 0

3 N
3

”

52

37.5

131.00

135.00

123 .50 -1 3 8 .5 0

NUNMANUFAC T U R I N G ---------------

46
26

38.5
37.5

105.50
94.00

102.00
93.50

9 2 .5 0-12 7 .0 0
88.50- 99.00

“

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

66
25

39.0
37.5

100.50
101.00

100.00
98.50

9 5.0 0-10 6 .5 0
9 5.5 0-10 5 .5 0

_

_

~

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

406
258
1*8

39.5
*0.0
38.0
40.0

104.00
105.00
102.50
132.50

105.00
105.50
104.50
129.50

94.0 0-11 2 .5 0
9 7.0 0-11 1 .0 0
8 5.0 0-11 *.0 0
1 2 6 .00 -1 *2 .5 0

6

18
6
12

27
5
22

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1 77
79
98

39.0

2

8 6 .0 0

81.50- 9 *.50
8 8 .0 0 - 95.00
7 8.0 0- 93.00

33

38.0

88.50
92.00
83.50

22

4 0 .0

89.00
92.50

10
23

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS b -------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f tabl«




i n

33

o
o

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

*

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

-

*

5*

22

2
26

3

5

2

13

-

-

10

12

12
2
10

2

6
19

-

5

27
15
12

10

-

3

12
9
3

25

-

2

2

13

*

4
4

6
2
*

1*
11
3

12
5
7

44
44

61
61

58
53
5

2*1
226
15

*1
38
3

38
25
13

64
7
57

5
2
3

?
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

“

-

3

2

1

5

2

i

4

-

16

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

7
7

5
5

2
2

6
6

4
i

5
2

3
3

5
2

i

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3
3

2
2
“

12

13
13

10
7
3

i*
6
8

5
5
“

23
20
3

18
8
10

-

-

3
i
2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

9

-

12

24

1

4

-

2

-

-

-

5

9

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

20
6
i*
i*

7
7
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_
—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

2
2

2

4
4

8
8

5
5

7
2

3
1

_

_

_

6

~

“

10
5

17
12

13
2

13
4

26
14
12

31
15
16

65
60
5

28

77
60
17

66
42
24
~

32
14
18
18

29
13
16

*0
36
4

15

-

3

9
7

13
7

1
1

12

2

”

3
3

13
13

20

23

5
i

-

1
"
5

-

”

”

2
_

“

6

“

2
2

_

~

8
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o cc u p atio n s —m en and w o m e n com bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s

stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u str y d i v is i o n , S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly

Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s
*

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly

U nder
Mean 2

Middle range2

Median ^

(standard)

i

120

120

68

5

$

$

1 7 8 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0 -1 9 4 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

-

111

----------------------

lei
158

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

14

11

3

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! --MANUFACTURING

76
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

6

6

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

B

c

37
157

s

135

$

140

$

145

%

150

*

155

$

160

S

$

165

170

175

$

$

180

185

*

190

t

195

200

130

135

140

2

“

5

145

150

4

8

5

4

4

3

2

12
12

9

6
6

10
6

8

-

3

9

33
33

33

18
18

21
21

7
7

5
5

14
14

35

8

160

7

165

2

170

4

175

5
5

2
2

2
2

-

4

-

10
10

9
9

11

24
24

20

8

26

8
7

14

-

-

2
2

3

1

20

8

l

185

-

4

4

180

2
2

7

6

3

”

3
3

155

16

3

190

-

195

200

205




$

205

210

$

215

215

6

over

1

4

-

10

-

-

4

33

13

_

_

_

_

19

*

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

18

-

1
1

1

3

3
1

1

2
2

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

O ffic e , p rofessional, and tech n ical o cc u p atio n s —m en and w o m e n com bined

E a rn in g s in fo r m a t io n f o r m en and w om en co m b in e d a re p r e s e n t e d in t a b le s A - 1 and A - 2 . S e p a ra te e a rn in g s
in fo r m a t io n fo r m en and w o m e n , u s u a lly p r e s e n t e d in t a b le s A - 1 and A - 2 , a re not a v a ila b le fo r th is a re a .

210

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

T a b le A -3 .

%

and

$

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-------------------------------------------

*

130

and
u nd er

t

125

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

$

125

1970)

r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

9
T a b le A -4 .

M ain te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Syracuse, N . Y . , July 1970)
Hourly earnings3

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
s
*
$
*
t
~i------- $
s
$
*
$
3. 40 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0

t
2 .7 0

Mean ^ Median^

Middle range *

$
2 .8 0

s
s
2 .9 0 3 .0 0

*
3 .10

$
3 .2 0

*
3.3 0

2 .8 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

5
4

-

_

-

Under
and
*
2 . 7 0 under

67
56

$
3 .8 6
3 .7 2

$
3 .8 9
3 .7 5

$
$
3 . 3 9 - 3 .9 9
3 . 3 9 - 3 .9 7

147
139

4 .2 4
4 .1 9

4 .0 6
4 .0 4

3 . 8 8 - 4 .9 5
3 . 8 6 - 4 .9 3

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY
MANUFACTURING ---------

80
72

4 .0 9
4 .0 8

4 .1 5
4 .1 3

3 . 5 5 - 4 .4 4
3 . 5 1 - 4 .4 2

“

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING --------------------

62
48

3 .3 0
3 .2 5

3 .3 7
3 .3 3

3 .0 8 3 .0 4 -

3 .4 8
3 .4 8

3
3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------

70
70

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

3 .7 3
3 .7 3

3 .3 8 3 .3 8 -

3 .9 3
3 .9 3

-

~

167
166

4 .0 9
4 .0 9

3 .9 8
3 .9 8

3 .9 0 3 .9 0 -

4 .4 2
4 .4 2

101

138
37
99

4 .1 3
3 .6 2
4 .3 2
4 .3 2

4 .1 1
3 .4 1
4 .1 5
4 . 15

3 . 5 4 - 4 .4 8
3 . 2 5 - 3 .5 3
3 . 9 5 - 4 .8 1
3 . 9 5 - 4 .8 2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

182
181

3 .9 4
3 .9 4

3 .7 4
3 .7 4

3 . 4 9 - 4 .1 6
3 . 4 9 - 4 .1 6

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

239
239

4 .0 7
4 .0 7

3 .9 9
3 .9 9

3 . 9 2 - 4 .2 7
3 . 9 2 - 4 .2 7

-

OILERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

45
45

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

3 .4 2
3 .4 2

2 .9 0 2 .9 0 -

2
2

_

PI PE FI TT E RS , MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

155
155

4 .2 0
4 .2 0

4 .3 2
4 .3 2

3 . 8 9 - 4 .4 3
3 . 8 9 - 4 .4 3

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

36
36

4 .3 5
4 .3 5

4 .2 8
4 .2 8

3 .9 6 3 .9 6 -

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS------------------- ~
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

512
5 12

4 .3 2
4 .3 2

4 .2 4
4 .2 4

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
I MAINTENANCE I -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




*
-

_

*
_

-

_

~
-

-

“
3
3

_

-

-

6
6

-

_

-

*

3
3

2
2

_

-

3 . 50 3 . 6 0

12
12

12
10

1
1

15
15

9

10
10

8
8
15

8
8

i
i

1
1

17
17

-

6
6

1
1

6
6

3 .7 0

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

_

_

4
4

-

4 .4 0 4 .6 0

4 .8 0

%

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .00 5 . 2 0

over

8C

10

1
1

“

~

3
3

3
3

5
5

25
25

19
19

11
11

2
2

_

_

8

-

5
3

5
5

-

4
4

4
3

2
2

5
5

11
9

5
5

8

-

-

11
11
13
13

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

2
2

_

3
3

52
51

_

2
2

-

“

22
22

l

13
13

1
1

13
13

2
2

6
6
ii
ii

11
10
1
1

10
2
8
8

_

_

2
2

-

5
5

-

-

“

20
20

8
8

2
2

3
3

31
31

25
25

5
4

36
36

13
13

22
22
6
6

8
8

2
2

1
1

1
1
2
2

4
4

-

-

-

6
6

-

3
3
_

27
27

20
18

_
-

5

_

_

-

3
3

7
7

10
10

_

i
i

i
i

8
8

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

7
7

ii
ii

4 .8 5
4 .8 5

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

i
i

i
i

3
3

_

18
18

12
12

17
17

8
8

_

4
4

12

12

_

7

_

33
33

12

-

10
10

_

_

-

23
23

_

“

3
3

7
7

4
4

86
86

38
38

_

16
16

10
10

9
9

7
7

i
i

13
13

44
44

_

7
7

i
i

_

7
7

-

57
57

29
29

37
37

102
102

u
ii

i
i

23

-

17
17

-

12
12

9
9

2
2

41
41

-

15
15

2
2

25
25

_

-

-

7
5

_

-

_

2
2

6

-

10
10
10

31
31

1

1

15
15

-

39
39

9
9

44
44

93
93

-

1

10
10

5

_

18

“

-

20
20

-

31
31
31

-

3 . 9 7 - 4 .8 2
3 . 9 7 - 4 .8 2

20

_

”

i

4

13
13

_
-

-

_

4 .3 0

1
1

_

-

4 .20

2
2

-

_

4 .1 0

18
17

-

_

.00

3
3

_

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

_

-

4

_

12
12
-

3 .9 0

2
2

*

1
1

3.8 0

%

%

4

10
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m aterial m o vem en t o ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1970)
Hourly earnings^

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of—

workers

%
2 .0 0

$
2.1 0

$
2 .2 0

*
2.3 0

$
2.4 0

$
2 .50

s
2 .6 0

$
2 .80

$
2 .9 0

S
3.0 0

*
3 .10

$
3 .2 0

$
3.3 0

$
3 .40

3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

4 .0 0

$
4.2C

$

2 .7 0

1.9 0

Mean ^ Median^

Middle range ^

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .60

2 .7 0

2.8 0

2 .90

3.0 0

3 .1 0

3 .20

3.3 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4.0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

306

33
2

3

9

-

-

2

2

1
1

3
3

8
8

73
73

15
14

5
5

24
24

22
22

11
11

7
7

-

-

49
49
-

i

$
O
'
o

i

o

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

$
1 .9 0

*
1.8 0

Number

and
u n d er
ov e r

HEN

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

524
170

$
2.3 6
3.3 6

$
1.8 9
3 .2 0

$
$
1 .8 4 - 3 .1 4
3 .1 4 - 3 .5 9

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

168

3 .3 8

3.2 0

3 .1 4 -

3 .5 9

JAN ITUKS f PORTERS, AND CLEANERS-----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

850
357
493
86

2.5 0
2 .9 8
2.1 6
2 .8 4

2.5 1
3 .0 2
1.9 6
2.6 0

1 .8 9 2 .7 6 1 .8 5 2 .5 5 -

3 .0 1
3 .2 4
2 .4 2
3 .2 3

233
233
*

36
12
24
-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

709
462
247

2.9 9
2 .8 8
3 . 19

2.8 8
2.8 5
3 .2 8

2 .6 4 2 .7 1 2 .2 5 -

3 .1 8
3 .0 6
4.2 2

28
28

1
1

ORDER

FILLERS ------------------------------------------

166

2 .9 9

2 .8 3

2 .6 0 -

3 .5 3

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

135
131

2.8 9
2.9 0

2 .8 0
2.8 1

2 .6 9 2 .7 0 -

3 .1 5
3 .1 6

_

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------

41

3 .3 6

3.4 1

3 .1 3 -

3 .6 0

-

“

1

3

8

73

14

5

24

22

11

7

-

-

24
24

28
8
20

25
8
17

22
7
15
2

77
21
56
42

28
24
4
i

24
17
7
-

35
34
1

47
32
15
14

82
78
4
4

21
19
2
2

24
24

12
4
8
7

76
62
14
14

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

12
12

4
4

45
9
36

13
4
9

27
27

24
23
1

57
49
8

74
74
“

86
86
-

29
29

93
75
18

50
50

9
9

-

31
13
18

19
19
*

31
4
27

-

_
-

-

76
76

6

3

3

-

30

26

14

5

-

11

22

-

-

20

18

-

-

-

2

-

_

-

-

9
8

5
2

4
4

18
18

33
33

16
16

-

23
23

-

_

_

_

-

17
17

_

~

5
5

_

*

5
5

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2

2

1

9

1

2

11

1

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------

33

3.2 4

3 .1 3

2 .9 7 -

3.4 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

8

5

3

2

i

5

-

-

6

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

140
85
55

3.0 3
3 .1 9
2.7 9

3.0 3
3 .2 1
2.7 9

2 .8 3 2 .9 5 2 .5 2 -

3.31
3 .3 5
3 .1 3

_

-

9

-

2

_

-

15

-

2

28
13

19
19
“

9
9
“

10
1
9

1
i
“

1
1

2

8
4
4

1
1

15

10
10
-

12
12

”

12
12
“

1
1

TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

1 ,0 4 7
222
825
488

3.7 9
3 .5 8
3 .8 5
4.0 9

4 .0 5
3 .6 5
4 . 14
4 .3 2

3 .5 3 - 4.3 1
3 .3 4 - 3 .8 8
3 .6 6 - 4.3 4
3 .9 2 - 4.3 9

-

10

20

_

_

_

18

51

3

6

-

10
~

20

-

-

“

18

51
1

3
3

6
6

19
i
18
5

5
2
3
"

29
29
-

12
1
11

34
34
-

~

15
8
7
7

55
35
20
20

100
24
76
65

1 19
46
73
53

274
42
232
51

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONSI -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

91
84

3 .4 5
3 .4 8

3.9 2
3 .9 3

2 .8 8 2 .8 6 -

3 .9 6
3 .9 7

_

1
1

11
11

_

2
2

_

2
2

9
9

2

3

2

_

_

_

“

5
5

50
50

4
4

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

in
89

3 .1 0
3 .0 8

3 .0 9
2 .8 9

2 .5 8 2 .5 3 -

3 .7 9
3 .9 3

9
9

9
9

_

13
13

3
3

4
4

9
8

3
3

7

7
1

_

~

13
12

18
18

9
9

_

_

_

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

_

_

6

15

“

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

437
79
358

4 .0 1
3 .6 9
4.0 7

4 .1 3
3 .8 2
4.1 5

3 .8 1 3 .4 6 4 .1 0 -

4.1 8
3.8 7
4 .1 9

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

192
79
113

3.4 7
3 .6 2
3.3 6

3.4 7
3 .4 7
3 .2 9

3 .0 2 3 .3 4 2 .5 4 -

4.0 6
4.0 5
4.2 5

_

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

498
402

3 .3 8
3 .2 5

3.2 7
3.1 1

2 .9 6 2 .9 4 -

3 .7 6
3.6 7

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b les,




2

9

_

_

_

“

“
_

_

_

”
_

~
_

_

”

_

_

_

~

~

_

“
-

-

18

27

_

-

-

18

10
10

7
~
7
7

9
_

_

1

_

12

_

“

“

11
~
11

47
46

12
12

51
48

12
*

”

27

14
14

10
10

“
4
4

1

22
21

13
13

82
82

_

34
22
12

54
3
51

47
42
5

8
8

-

142
115

22
21

20
20
-

19
11
8

_

_

_

-

175

102

-

-

175
175

102
102

_

.

“

”

“
.

212
5
207

-

48
36
12

-

63

_

74
-

74
_

28
-

28
6
6

T a b le A -5 .

C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent o c c u p a tio n s -----C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1970)
Hourly earnings3

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g st r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rni ngs

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle

rlne
82

if----

$
1.9 0

»
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
$
2 . 20 2 . 3 0

s

S

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

2.7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

*
3 .2 0

»
3.3 0

(
3 .4 0

$
3.6 0

3.8 0

$
4 .0 0

i
4 .2 0

$
4.4 0

>
4.6 0

2.0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 . 30 2 . 4 0

2 .5 0

2.6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2.9 0

3 .0 0

3.1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3.8 0

4 .0 0

4.2 0

4.4 0

4.6 0

ov e r

2
2

*
1 .8 0

Number

-

-

7
7

5

-

24
24

-

-

4
4

-

15
15

20
12
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S

s

and
under
1.9 0

and

MEN - CONTINUED

TRUCKERS,

POWER (OTHER THAN

FORKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

42
42

$
3.2 0
3 .2 0

$
3 .2 3
3 .2 3

$
3 .0 4 3 .0 4 -

$
3 .2 8
3 .2 8

233
62
171

2 .0 9
2 .6 4
1.9 3

1 .8 8
2 .6 2
1 .8 6

1 .8 4 2 .3 4 1 .8 3 -

2.3 4
2.7 4
1.8 9

-

-

W
OMEN

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s,




149
2
147

13
7
6

3
3

2
2

1
1

21
17
4

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

12

Footnotes

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position—half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n if i c a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

F IL E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il li n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s
tra n s a ctio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n der g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a cco u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o o n e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , a n d
c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t i n g c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p and d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH

O PERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d i t io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s o n th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r and
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t t o d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p l e jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h is j o b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d o n a fu n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

13

14
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y ---- C o n t in u e d

O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

C la s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta t o b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t i o n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

BOY

OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e
ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s ,

d u tie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s : (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a l l c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo l lo w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

a ll,

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 bu t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a ll ,

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d is u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; ( c ) m a in t a in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d t y p in g w o r k .

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
tions"! e t c . ) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or




e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

C la s s

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STENOGRAPHER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
cop y .
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; and a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d i t io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in te r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c ific n a m es a re
f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

15
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T A B U E A T I N G -M A C H I N E

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

C la s s C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f i li n g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l la t in g ru n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

O PERATOR

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w it h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s t o b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u la t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s
in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e but s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s and s t u d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a re w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a in i n g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fi n a l f o r m w h e n it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t and t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y t y p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
D R A F T S M A N — o n t in u e d
-C

D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t iv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l is h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , flo o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t io n .
C o n s o li d a t e s d e t a il s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
and/ or
P r e p a r e s sim p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U RSE,

o r r e p e t it iv e

d ra w in g s

o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

I N D U S T R I A L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g and c a r r y ­
in g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g .:
P la n ­
n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s
o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

16
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g and
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M a y a ls o su ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n is h th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g .w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fi n e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u i r in g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d *in ^n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n t e r p r e t in g
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t io n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T I V E (M A I N T E N A N C E )

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n t in u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s ,
a d ju s t in g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y or* m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h it e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t le s a n d in s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w it h o i l o r
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

grea se,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g

s u r fa c e s

o f m e ch a n ica l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in ­
v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g un o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h it e le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d in g p ip e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d fa s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g
t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r
f i n is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a ­
t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l li n g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w it h a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g
ou t a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , oj* o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g a ll a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

17
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E ---- C o n t in u e d

T O O L AND

h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie

m a k er; jig

m a k e r; to o l m a k e r; fix tu re

m a k er;

gage m a k er)

C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , fi x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

D IE M A K E R ---- C o n t in u e d

u s in g a v a -rie ty o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o r w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o li n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

shop s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie

m a k ers

in

t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

W ATCHM AN

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itre s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

c le r k

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y s iz e and ty p e
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

F IL L E R

(O r d e r

p ic k e r ;

stock

s e le cto r; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
t o f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d i t io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( l V 2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a il e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)

ORDER

CLERK

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
d a ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a<re c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

(fo r k lift)
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )




Available On Request---The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the inside front cover.
Abilene, Tex.
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S.C.
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Ala.
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Wis.
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Fargo—
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Minn.
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Fitchburg—
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Okla.
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Copies of public releases are

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Cos., N.J.
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Maine—
Mass.
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Salinas—
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Chicopee—
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Conn.
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N.J.—
Md.

The tenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
tracers, job analysts, directors of personnal, buyers, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1654, National Survey of
Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1969, 75 cents a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices.







A re a W a g e

S u rv e y s

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1970_______________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Feb. 1970_______
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 19701---------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1970 l„
Atlanta, Ga., May 1970 1 ______________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1969____________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthui—
Orange, Tex., May 1970------Binghamton, N.Y., July 1970__________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1970__________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969 __________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1969 _____________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1969 ______________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1970____________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1 _____________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1970 1 --------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Mar. 1970 1 __________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1969--------------------------Chicago, 111., Apr. 1969 1 -------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— Ind., Feb. 1970____________
Ky.—
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969---------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969____________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969_______________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1969 1 ________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969______________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1 ----,-----------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970*____________ _____
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970_____________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969___________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1970 1 -------------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1970____________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970_____________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969___________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1970_____________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969__________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1969_____________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1970 1 ---------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1970 1 ___
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa Ana—
Garden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970______________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1 _______________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 19701____________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1 _________________
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1969 1 ______________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969_______________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 ---------------------Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970*__________________
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1970 1 _________
St.

Bulletin number
and price
1660-88, 30cents
1660-51, 30cents
1660-55, 35 cents
1660-83, 35 cents
1660-76, 50 cents
1660-1 1, 35 cents
1660-84, 30cents
1685-6,
30 cents
1660-57, 30 cents
1660-34, 25 cents
1660-16, 45 cents
1660-29, 45 cents
1660-53, 25 cents
1660-81, 35 cents
1660-68, 35 cents
1660-61, 40 cents
1660-9,
30 cents
1625-82, 65 cents
1660-49, 35 cents
1660-22, 40 cents
1660-27, 30 cents
1660-23, 35 cents
1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
50 cents

D ata on establishm ent p r a c tic e s and su p plem entary w a g e provisions are also presented




Area
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1970*___
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 19701________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1970 1__________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1970--------------------------------------New York, N.Y., Apr. 1970 *--------------------------------------Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1970 1 ---------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1970--------------------------------Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Sept. 1969_________________
Pater son—
Clifton-Passaic, N.J., June 1970 1 ______
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1969 1______________
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 1970 1____________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19701____________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1969 1 __________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1970 1______________
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—
Mass.,
May 1970_________________________________
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1969______________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 19701____________________
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only),
Aug. 1970_________________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1970 1 _____________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1970__________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1969*_______________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1970___________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside-Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1969_________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1969 1 __________________
San Francisccr-Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1969 1---------------San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1969 1 __________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1970 1-----------------------------------------Scranton, Pa., July 1970 1 _____________________
Seattler-Everett, Wash., Jan. 1970_______________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Sept. 1969_________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 19701__________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1970 1 ___________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1970-----------------------------------------Tampa— Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1969 1 _________
St.
Toledo, OhicmMich., Feb. 1970----------------------------------Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1969_____________________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1970 __________________
Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va., Sept. 1969 1__________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1970 1_________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 1970------------------------------------------Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1970 1 ____________________
Worcester, Mass., May 19701 _________________
York, Pa., Feb. 19701________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1969 1___________

Bulletin number
and price
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
75cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1660-12,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35cents
30cents
30cents
45cents
60cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
40cents

1660-72,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30cents
30cents
40cents

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30cents
35cents
40cents
35cents
30cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
35cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L B U S IN E S S

P E N A L T Y F O R P R IV A T E U SE, $300

FIRST CLASS MAIL

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