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Li.j;

AT7S--7f




Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center, Room 1603-B
Eoston, Mass. 02203
Tel. : 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
T e l.: 971-5405
(Area Code 212)

Region III
Penn Square Building
Room 406
1317 Filbert Street
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107

Region IV
1371 Peachtree S t., NE.
A tlanta, Ca. 30309
Tel. : 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
T e l.: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
Federal Office Building
Tenth Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
T e l.: 374-2481
(Area Code 816)

Region VII
Mayflower Building
Room 337
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
T e l.: 749-3616
(Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Cate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Tel. : 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey

The Spokane, Washington, Metropolitan Area




June 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-79
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

A t th e e n d of e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le t io n of a ll of th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s fo r a
ro u n d of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta fo r e a c h of th e m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u l le t in . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
i n f o r m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o l ita n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n ite d S ta te s .
E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e
p r o g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n ­
in g s is c o ll e c te d a n n u a lly a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n i a l l y .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ab le s:
1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________
2. I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________
A.

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1. O ff ic e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n a n d w o m e n -------------------------------------A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d te c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n _____________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ff ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s __

A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

10

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u la tio n s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
o t h e r a r e a s . (S ee in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
S p o k an e, W a s h ., in J u n e 1968. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i ­
ta n S t a tis tic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d by th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d ­
g et th r o u g h A p r il 1967, c o n s i s t s of S p o k a n e C o u n ty . T h is
stu d y w a s c o n d u c te d in th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o ffic e in
San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , C h a r l e s A . R o u m a s s e t , D i r e c t o r .
T h e stu d y w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of A d o lp h O .
B e r g e r , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r of O p e r a t i o n s .




1
3

vO 0 0 -Nl

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta il e d d a ta by s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
of th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ite d S ta te s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d fo r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k il l l e v e l, a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in th e S p o k a n e a r e a
is a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d fo o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a t i o n s
(J u n e 1 968). U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y
l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e fo r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p lo y e e s ; a n d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , a n d a l l i e d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii

5
7




Area W age Survey
The Spokane, Wash., Metropolitan Area

Introduction
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la te
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l lo w ­
a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n i n g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s i v e of p a y fo r
o v e rtim e at re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m ra te s ). A v e ra g e w eekly ea rn in g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p re s e n te d re fle c t co m p o site , area w id e e s ti­
m a t e s . I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s ta f fin g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y le v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o ll e c te d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l th o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in th e
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n th o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e of th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c ­
t u a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t io n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of th e jo b s s tu d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of th e e a r n ­
in g s d a ta .

T h i s a r e a is 1 of 86 in w h ic h th e U .S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r 's
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d by B u r e a u f i e ld e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to th o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s ix b r o a d i n d u s t r y d iv is i o n s : M a n u f a c tu r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o th e r p u b lic u til i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s io n . S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d fo r e a c h of th e
b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b li c a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . T o
o b ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w th e m i n i m u m s iz e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s a n d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d fo r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e f o ll o w ­
ing ty p e s : (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d te c h n i c a l; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s to d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a ti o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s w ith in
th e s a m e jo b . T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d fo r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d a n d d e ­
s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r s o m e of th e o c c u p a t io n s
l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d iv is i o n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of in d iv id u a l e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .



E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c ti c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P ro v is io n s
T ab u latio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s and s u p p le­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u l le t in . I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e ta b u l a t i o n s is c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia l ly .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a id
h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s fo r th is a r e a .
1

2




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d W o rk e rs W ithin Scope of S u rv e y and N u m b er S tudied in S p o k an e, W a s h ., 1
by M a jo r In d u s try D iv isio n , 2 Ju n e 1968
M inim um
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts in sco p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

_

__ _

N u m b er of e sta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin sco p e
of stu d y 3

S tudied

148
45
103
20
16
39
12
16

-

M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g
T ra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s 5 _____
_ _____
W h o le sa le t r a d e 4 ...................................................... .....
R e ta il tr a d e 6
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 6_______
S e rv ic e s 4 7 ____________________________________

50
50
50
50
50
50

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin sco p e of stu d y 4

S tu d ied

N u m b er

P e rce n t

68

2 5 ,3 0 0

100

1 8 ,0 1 0

23
45

9 ,4 0 0
1 5 ,9 0 0

37
63

7, 340
1 0 ,6 7 0

11
6
13
7
8

5 ,3 0 0
1 ,5 0 0
5 ,5 0 0
1 ,7 0 0
1 ,9 0 0

21
6
22
7
7

4 ,6 1 0
750
2 ,8 0 0
1 ,3 0 0
1 ,2 1 0

1 T he Spokane S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A re a , a s d e fin ed by th e B u re a u of th e B udget th ro u g h A p ril 1967, c o n s is ts of S pokane C o u n ty .
T h e " w o rk e rs w ith in sco p e of s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n of th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r
fo rc e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y . T he e s tim a te s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a riso n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a
to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) p la n n in g o f w age s u rv e y s re q u ire s th e u se of e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in a d v a n c e of
th e p a y ro ll p e rio d s tu d ie d , an d (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fro m th e sco p e of th e s u rv e y .
2 T he 1967 e d itio n of th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w a s u se d in c la ss ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r above th e m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ith in th e a re a ) of c o m p a n ie s in s u c h in d u s ­
tr i e s a s tr a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e re d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o rk e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a re a ) a t o r above th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x c lu d e d .
4 T h is in d u s try d iv isio n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in th e S e r ie s A ta b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n of
d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n is not m a d e fo r one o r m o re o f th e follow ing re a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m en t in th e d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d a ta to
m e r it s e p a r a te stu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e rm it s e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n , an d (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u re of in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
T H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, an d p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit
m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g re lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

A bout tw o -fifth s of th e w o rk e r s w ith in sco p e of th e su rv e y in th e Spokane a r e a w e re
e m p lo y ed in m a n u fa c tu rin g f ir m s . T he follow ing ta b le p re s e n ts th e m a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s
a n d s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e rc e n t of a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u s try g ro u p s
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s tr ie s _ _ _
F o o d an d k in d re d p ro d u c ts .
L u m b e r an d w ood p ro d u c ts
P r in tin g a n d p u b lis h in g __________

46
17
10
7

S p ecific in d u s tr ie s
N o n fe rro u s ro llin g and d r a w in g __
P r im a r y n o n fe rro u s m e ta ls
S a w m ills and p lan in g m ills ...............
N e w sp a p e rs . _
M eat p ro d u c ts
_ .... .
D a iry p ro d u c ts ___

28
17
8
7
6
5
T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e riv e d fro m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u rv e y . P ro p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u s try d iv isio n s m a y
d if fe r fro m p ro p o rtio n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lts of th e s u rv e y a s show n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1). S u b tr a c tin g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e
d a te o f th e in d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n t h e in d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
gro up w as a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a se d on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p lo y m en t
O ffice clerica l (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls




Table 2.

in t h e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p l o y m e n t s w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e . T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e ig h t, a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t a n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e in d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lti p l y in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u lti p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ’s in d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

O ffice clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Spokane, W ash.,
June 1968 and June 1967, and Percents o f Change 1 for Selected Periods
Indexes
(May 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
O ffice clerical (men and women) -----Industrial nurses (men and w o m en )----Skilled maintenance (men) --------------Unskilled plant (men) — -------------------Manufacturing:
O ffice clerical (men and women) — —
Industrial nurses (men and women) - —
Skilled maintenance (men) — ----------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

Percents of change 1

June 1967 June 1966 June 1965 May 1964 May 1963 May 1962 May 1961
June 1968 June 1967
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
June 1968 June 1967 June 1966 June 1965 May 1964 May 1963 May 1962

128.4
(2 3
)
133.1
129.4

123.1
( 2)
120.5
124.9

( 2)
10.5
3 .6

4 .3

6 .2
< )
2
3 .8
7 .3

3 .3
( 2)
2 .4
2 .7

2 .6
( 2)
4 .2
3.1

2 .6
( 2)
2 .4
2.1

3.8
(2)
2. 2
2. 1

2.6
(2)
3 .9
5 .5

(2)
(2)
132.7
116. 1

( 2)
U)
118.9
112.5

( 2>
( 2)
11.6
3 .2

(2 )
(2)
4 .2
3 .2

(2)
(2)
.8
.4

(2)
(2)
4 .6
3 .5

(2)
(2)
1.7
1 .5

(2)
(2)
2 .2
3 -.4

(2)
(2)
4.1
3 .9

1 Unless otherwise indicated, all changes are increases.
2 Data do not meet publication criteria.
3 The decline largely reflects employee turnover within and between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage decreases.

4

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s fo r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s fo r o v e r t i m e . F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
la te s h if ts . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a ti o n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t of th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
ea ch g roup.
L i m i t a t i o n s of D a ta
T h e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f l u e n c e d by: (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d by i n d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w ages m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m ay have ris e n co n sid e rab ly b e c a u se h ig h e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .
T h e u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
of c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a ta . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s . T h e y a r e n o t i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e of th e s u r v e y .

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly h o u rs and earn in g s fo r selec te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry divisio n, Spokane, W ash ., June 1968)
N um ber of w o rk e rs receiving stra ig h t-tim e w eekly e a rn in g s of—
Number
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

of

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

1 ------- S'
55
60
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

$

$

*

1
;

s

S

i
3

S
l

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

«

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

1 50

1 55

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

115

120

125

1 30

135

140

145

1 50

155

over

4

3

2

“

12

2

1

-

-

-

-

5
5

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
under

60

and

65

MEN
$

$

$

A -----------

23

4 3 .0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 5 1 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

R U L E R S . MACHINE (B ILLIN G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------NONMANUEAC T U R I N G -------------------------

18
16

4 0 .0
4 3 .0

8 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 5 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

6 5 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
6 4 .0 0 - 7 9 .5 0

-

ROOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
Cl ASS R -------------------------------------------AinkiUALiiic JU r u n t Air — — . ——— —— ——
... . — — —
NUPtflANUr i r* lU K in b
—

29
23

3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0

7 3 .5 0

6 7 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0

-

5

f 1.3U

l l nn_ an a a
OOeUU- OUaUU

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

49
16
33

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0

_
-

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1 00
21
79

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

8 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 9 0 .0 0

-

29

4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

6 1 .0 0 - 6 9 .0 0

6

C L F R K S . PAYROLL -------------------------------NONMANUEACTURING -------------------------

30
23

4 3 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

COMPTOMETF R O P E R A T O R S ----------------------

24

4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0

8 4 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0

-

-

4

1

5

3

3

2

KFYPUNCH O PERATORS. CLASS A ----------NONMANUEACTURING -------------------------

40
19

4 0 .0
4 3 .0

1 1 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0

_

_

-

_

2

-

~

5
5

2

2
2

4
4

KFYPUNCH O PERATORS, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

39
39

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 2 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

_

_

5
5

10
10

4
4

2
2

4
4

2
2

12
12

O FF IC E G IR LS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

24
24

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0
J 7 .5 0

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

_

10
10

4
4

1
1

l

_

_

_

1

3
3

_

-

-

-

“

-

S E C R E T A R IE S 3--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

127
28
99

4 3 .0
4 3 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

_

_

10

7

SECRETA RIES* CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUEACTURING ---------------------------------

17
16

4 3 .0
4 3 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C -------------------NONMANUEACTURING -------------------------

34
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

9 9 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

61
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------

94
27
67
16

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 3 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

C LF R K S .

ACCOUNTING*

CLASS

$

NOHEN

CLERK S,

FILE,

CLA SS

C ---------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




. •
>

, 3 *uu

8 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

5
5

-

4
4

4
4

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

5

6

6

3

4

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

_

7

15

11

-

-

-

-

-

7

15

11

19
1
18

7

12

-

-

4

-

_

_

_

1

-

-

1
-

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

_
-

-

2

_

-

-

5

s

_
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
-

2
2

8
5

7
7

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

7
6

-

4

-

-

2

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

2
2

-

_

17

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1

4

2

-

-

-

1

1

4

2

7
4
3

_

_

3
3

_

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

4

12

-

-

-

2

4
4

_

5
2
3

5
2
3

4

1

4

6

18
2
16

17

-

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

_

-

4
4

_

-

-

-

9 5 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

2
2

4
4

12
12

5
5

3

-

3

9 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0

_

7
7

9
9

12
12

2
2

2
2

6
4

2
2

_

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

15
6
9

13

7
3
4

4

9

5

1

-

3
-

-

-

-

12

17
8
9

4

3

-

-

l

1

9
3

5

-

5

1
1

-

3
-

1

-

-

4
2
2

-

3

-

“

14
10
4

13

-

-

4

5

13

-

2
2

24

-

-

_
-

1
7
2

10

-

2
1

-

7

3

-

12
3
9

7

3

_

-

7
7

-

_

_

-

-

4

_

-

4

-

4

-

2
2

24

-

-

-

1
-

-

_

-

1

2

-

-

1

1

°

-

-

1

1
1

-

-

17

5
3
2

-

-

2

2

_

l

-

3
2

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

_
-

-

6

-

_

-

8
8

1

-

-

5

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

_

15
12
3

_
-

2
2
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women-----Continued

(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w eek ly h o u rs an d e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , S p ok an e, W ash. , Ju n e 1968)
Weekly earnings

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$
55

M iddle range 2*

an d
under
60

55
46
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

$
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

$
$
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

32
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

8 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

-

SWITCHBOARD 0 P E R A T 0 R -R E C E P T I0 N IS T S MANilF ACTUR I N G -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

43
15
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

7 7 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

-

TY P IS T S .

A -----------------------------

16

8 7 .5 0

8 7 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0

-

T Y P IS TS . CLA S S R ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

43
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 -

4
4

CLA SS

$

$

65

_

_

_

65

70

75

$

70

N u m b er of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—
$

_

$

$

80

75

85

90

_
80

_
85

$

_
90

95

_
95

$

100

_
100

$

105

_
105

$

1 10

_
1 10

$

115

_
115

$

_
120

$

$

1 25

120

130

125

-

1 30

$

$

135

-

135

S

140

140

1 45

-

1 45

t

150

155

- a n d
150

155 o v e r

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------N0NMANUEACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------

•
f*
o
o

WOMEN -

$
60

8 6 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

6
6
1
1

-

_

1
1

-

_

3
1
~

~

2
2

7
7
2

5
5

2
2

12
12
in

3
3
1

4
4
4

2
1
1

6
—

“

~

~

~

~

_

8
8
fl

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

9
9

5
5

1
1

8
3
5

9
3
6

8
1
7

2

2

-

-

2

2
2
-

_

-

-

2

4
4
-

-

4

-

2

7

-

1

1

15
15

4
3

3
3

6
6

4
4

6
6

_

_

2
2

_

7
7

_

_
_

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e fle c t th e w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s re c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay fo r o v e rtim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a te s ) , an d th e e a rn in g s c o r r e ­
spond to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is co m p u te d fo r ea c h jo b by to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s of a ll w o rk e rs and d iv id in g by th e n u m b e r of w o rk e rs . T he m e d ia n d e sig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf of th e e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d re c e iv e m o re
th an th e r a te show n; h a lf re c e iv e le s s th a n th e ra te show n. T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d by 2 ra te s of p ay ; a fo u rth of th e w o rk e rs e a rn le s s th a n th e lo w e r of th e s e r a te s an d a fo u rth e a rn m o re th a n
the h ig h e r r a te .
’ M ay in c lu d e w o rk e rs o th e r th a n th o se p re s e n te d s e p a ra te ly .
4 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .




7
Table A*2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly h o u rs and earn in g s fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d ivisio n, Spokane, W a sh ., June 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and in d u stry divisio n

M ean2

Median 2

s

M iddle range 2

115

s

N um ber of w o rk e rs receiv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly ea rn in g s of—
s
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$

120

1 25

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

1 75

125

130

1 35

140

145

150

155

160

1 65

170

175

180

$

180

185

1 85

1 90

and
under

_

120

O»
B -*

-------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$

$

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

$

1 6 1 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

1
-

-

—
-

-

2
1

4
3

3
3

1
1

—
-

1
1

6
6

4
4

27
27

1
1

—
-

1
1

1 S tan dard h o u rs re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (ex clusive of pay fo r o v e rtim e a t re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m
ra te s ), and th e e a rn in g s c o rre sp o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs.
2 F o r defin ition of te rm s , see footnote 2, table A -l.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly h o u rs and earn in g s for selec te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry div isio n , Spokane, W ash. , June 1968)
Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

O FF IC E

Number
of
workers

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

O ccupation and in d u stry divisio n

O FFICE

OCCUPATIONS

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

Average

O ccupation and in d u stry divisio n

O FF IC E

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

8 7 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLA S S B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

29
23

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

72
25
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

CLE R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

108
25
83

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

C ---------------------

29

4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0

C L F R K S , ORDER ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

50
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

C LF R K S , PAYROLL -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

34
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------

24

o

CLA S S

o

FILE.

56
47
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING — -----------------------------

32
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

SMITCHBOARD O PERA TO R-RECEP TIO N ISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

43
15
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

T Y P IS T S .

A ------------------------------

\b

8 7 .5 0

36
31

4 0 .0
4 3 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLA S S B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

43
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS 0 ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

61
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFAC T U R I N G -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------

94
27
67
16

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

8 5 .5 0

51
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

40
19

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

39
39

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

O FFICE BOYS AND GIR LS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

32
29

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

S E C R ET A R IE S 2-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

129
28
1 01

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

17
16

S EC R ET A R IE S . CLASS C ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

CLA S S

o

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$

KFYPUNCH O PERATORS, CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

20
18

C LFRK S,

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------

*
o

$
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (B ILLIN G
MACHINE 1 ------------------------------------------------------NONMANJFACTURING -------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTSMEN. CLASS B -------------------------M ANUFACTURING-----------------------------

1 S tan dard h o u rs re fle c t th e w ork w eek fo r w hich em ployees receiv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (ex clusive of pay fo r o v e rtim e a t re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m ra te s ), and the earn in g s
c o rre sp o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs.
2 M ay include w o rk e rs o th e r than th o se p re se n te d sep ara te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u nication, and oth er public u tilitie s .




8
Table A-4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e h ourly earn in g s fo r m en in selec te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d ivisio n, Spokane, W ash ., June 1968
Hourly earnings *

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

d u m b e r of w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in g si of—
$
2 .6 0

M ean 1
2

Median 2

M iddle range

56
30
26
24

$
3 .7 2
3 .9 3
3 .4 8
3 .5 1

$
3 .9 5
4 .0 3
3 .0 8
3 .0 7

$
3 .0 8 3 .8 8 3 .0 3 3 .0 3 -

$
4 .0 7
4 .0 8
3 .9 8
3 .9 9

E L E C T R IC I A N S , MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------

135
119

4 .2 3
4 .1 7

4 .2 5
4 .2 4

4 .2 2 4 .2 1 -

EN GINEERS, STATIONARY --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------N(INMANUP AC T U R I N G -------------------------

51
27
24

3 .6 2
3 .9 9
3 .2 1

3 .7 8
4 .0 3
3 .1 7

3 .1 7 3 .8 8 3 .1 3 -

S
2 .8 0

s
$
2 . 90 3 . 0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

%

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

%

3 .3 0

3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

S
3 .8 0

S
3 .9 0

t
4 .0 0

S
4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .3 0

$
4 .4 0

S
4 .5 0

$
4 .6 0

4 .7 0

$
4 .8 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . 00

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

-

-

-

2
2
-

~
-

5
5

1

3
3

-

-

%

and
und er
2 .7 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------

$
2 .7 0

3 .1 0

—
-

—
—
-

-

3
-

14
—

3
3

14
13

4 .2 8
4 .2 7

-

-

-

-

-

4 .0 4
4 .1 3
3 .2 4

_
-

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

—
—
-

-

5
5

-

_

3
2
1

16
16

2
2

-

_

-

~

3
—
3
3

19
19
~

—
-

“

5
5
“

1
1

1
1

4
4

-

-

4
4
“

4
4

5
4
1

7
7

—
-

-

103
103

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

~

-

”

2
2
-

—
-

—
-

—
-

~

“
8
8

-

-

-

TRAOES -----------

22

3 .0 7

2 .8 8

2 .8 2 -

3 .4 8

-

4

10

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M ACH INISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

90
85

4 .2 1
4 .1 8

4 .2 4
4 .2 4

4 .2 1 4 .2 1 -

4 .2 8
4 .2 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

6
6

-

1

73

-

-

-

“

73

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AINTENAN CE! --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P UB LIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------

132
47
85
70

3 .9 3
3 .91
3 .9 4
4 .0 0

4 .1 1
4 .0 1
4 .1 3
4 . 14

3 .7 7 3 .7 5 3 .8 6 4 .1 1 -

4 .1 6
4 .1 2
4 .1 7
4 .1 7

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

1

2

6

-

—

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

1
1

2
-

6

-

22
22
-

3
3

-

3
3
3

—
-

3

67
14
53
53

—
—

-

12
10
2
2

-

~

8
1
7
~

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

250
243

4 .0 6
4 .0 3

4 .1 5
4 .1 4

4 .1 1 4 .1 1 -

4 .1 8
4 .1 8

-

-

_

_

4
4

-

2
2

4
4

-

3
3

12
12

8
8

4
4

-

-

194
194

12
12

-

-

-

O ILER S —
—
—
—
--------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

35

3. 23
3 .2 3

3 .3 3

3 .0 5 -

3 .3 7

1

4

2

4

”

24

“

“

“

P A IN T ER S ,

15

3 .8 8

3 .8 8

3 .8 3 -

3 .9 7

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

3

-

-

2

-

-

37

4 .0 0

4 .0 6

4 .0 3 -

4 .1 0

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

26

5

3

-

H E LP E R S ,

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE ---------------------

PIPE FIT TER S,

MAINTENANCE ----------------

-

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




~

-

5
5
5
15

-

-

4

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s fo r selec te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry div isio n , Spokane, W a sh ., June 1968)

M edian3

Middle range3

$
3 .3 1
3 .3 2

$
$
2 . 7 2 - 3 .3 6
2 .7 5 - 3 .3 6

JA N IT P K S . PO R TE R S . ANC CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANIIF AC TUR I N G -----------------------PUBl If. U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------

206
100
186
36

2 .3 7
2 .9 6
2 .0 5
2 .6 9

2 .2 7
2 .9 6
1 .8 8
2 .6 9

1 .8 5 2 .9 2 1 .8 2 2 .6 3 -

2 .9 2
3 .1 9
2 .2 5
2 .8 3

I ARDRFRS.

385
171
214
47

2 .9 6
2 .6 8
3 .1 8
3 .4 1

3 .0 1
2 .8 9
3 .2 7
3 .6 3

2 .0 3 2 .1 0 3 .0 0 2 .9 8 -

3 .3 7
2 .9 8
3 .4 1
3 .6 7

63

3 .0 9

3 .0 8

2 .9 9 -

3 .2 4

MATERIAL

m a n u f a c t u r in g

HANDLING -----------

-------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PURI 1C U T I L I T I E S 4
--------------------J ACKERS.

SHIPPIN G ----------------------------

RECEIVIN G CLERK S ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

26
21

3 .22
3 .1 6

3 .2 1
3 .1 9

3 .1 3 3 .1 3 -

20
17

3 .2 4
3.21

3 .2 6
3 .2 6

3 .1 3 3 .0 5 -

472
140
332
219

3 .61
3 .6 8
3 .5 8
3 .6 7

3 .7 2
3 .9 0
3 .7 2
3 .7 5

3 .4 9 3 .3 8 3 .5 4 3 .7 2 -

234
28
206
170

3 .5 2
3 .3 6
3 .5 4
3 .6 5

3 .7 2
3 .3 6
3 .7 3
3 .7 4

3 .3 4 3 .3 2 3 .5 4 3 .7 2 -

120
94
46

3 .6 6
3 .6 8
3.77

3 .5 9
3 .7 0
3 .7 5

3 .5 2 3 .5 5 3 .7 3 -

293
224
69
28

3 .2 8
3 .27
3 .3 2
3 .2 0

3 .3 5
3 .3 4
3 .4 4
3 .0 5

3 .3 1 3 .3 1 3 .0 8 2 .8 7 -

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$
$
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

,0 ? . 2 0

3 .3 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

25
25

-

-

—

—

-

-

-

15
15

_

_

—

-

-

50
18
32
32

$
3 .3 0

15

15

71

15

15

7
-

-

22
22

3 .3 9
3 .3 7
3 .4 8
3 .7 3

12

14

10

10

2

4

-

-

7
5

-

19
4
15
15

13
8
5
5

15
4
11
11

58
58

31
18
13
4

73
51
22

3

_

2

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

18
15
3

3
3

6
6

-

2
-

2
-

-

-

-

1
2
5
4
5

Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs .
E xcludes p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and for w ork on w eekends, h o lid ay s, and la te sh ifts.
F o r defin ition of te rm s , see footnote 2, table A - l.
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n icatio n , and o th er public u tilitie s .
Inclu des a ll d r iv e r s , a s defin ed, re g a rd le ss of size and type of tru c k o p e ra te d .




-

2
2

24
24

-

14

_

59

33

22

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

59

-

-

33
1

22
-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

8

19

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

1

9
9

6
6

2

3
3

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

1

-

9
9

-

4
4

-

2

-

-

23
6
17

33

26
23

76

203

33

-

2

54
54

18
18

-

3

76

2 01
199

—

-

154
1
1 53
1 53

_

3 .7 5
3 .7 5
3 .7 8

TRUCKFRS. POWER (FO R K L IF T ) -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4
---------------------

71

24

3 .7 6
3 .4 0
3 .7 7
3 .7 7

TR UCKD RIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE I ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------

2A

12

3 .7 8
3 .9 7
3 .7 6
3 .7 7

TRUCKO RIVERS. MEDIUM I 1 -1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TCNSI ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PURI 1C U T I L I T I E S 4
---------------------

12

3 .4 4
3 .3 5

T RUCK OR IVFR S 5 ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------

-

3 .3 6
3 .2 8

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANIJF A C T U R I N G ------------------------

2 .7 0 .2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

S
2 .8 0

o
<
N

$
2 .9 0
2 .9 4

2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

1

44
42

$
2 .6 0

■

GUARHS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

S
2 .5 0

and
u n der

l

Mean3

i

$
2 .9 0

$
.3 0 2 . 4 0

.4 0 2 . 5 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s try d iv is io n

>
o
o

N um ber of w o rk e rs re c eiv in g stra ig h t-tim e hourly e a rn in g s of—

Hourly earnings2
Number
of

-

-

3

6

3

1

1

8

13

4

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

2

3

6

3

“

“

1
1

1
1

8
5

11
11

2
2
2

3

6

1

8

12
1
11
11

—

3
*
*

-

6

-

3
3

_
-

-

1
1

8
5

“

~

2
2

17
-

19
19

7
5

-

17

-

2

-

2
-

2
-

49
48
46

22
12
10
10

14

5

183
183

-

-

-

-

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statem ents, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or. shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints autom atically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m a­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

10

11

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject m atter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject m atter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to m aintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g. , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

12

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or m anagerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretaiy to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

13

SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued
May m aintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
over either a m ajor corporate - wi de functional activity (e.g . , marketing,
include transcribing-m achine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segm ent ( e .g ., a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
employees; or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
copy. May also set up and m aintain files, keep records, etc.
persons; or
OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and im portant organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
m ent often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, m ain­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, etc. ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-m achine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
5,000 persons.
conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
Class D
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
tim e assignment. ("Full” telephone information service occurs when the
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
unit (e.g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
sions are appropriate for calls.)
em ployee, adm inistrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
telephone information service. ("Lim ited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
e .g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from w rit­
complex calls are referred to another operator.)
ten copy.




14

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this w orkers tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-m achine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

15

PR O FE S SIO N A L * A N D T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Woiks in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a m inim um of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, m ultiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determ ine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work
is closely supervised during progress.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironm ent, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M AINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is perm itted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Woik involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipm ent re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into m echanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and m echanical
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
m achine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing w ritten specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining,
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipm ent, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illw rights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Worik involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber’s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

18

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work in-

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of woik,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L M O V E ME N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

W atchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartm ent house, or com m erical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

19

ORDER, FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em ployed, and m ethod of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, m aking up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the m erchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
dam aged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and m aintaining necessary records and files.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;
Receiving cleik
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipm ent, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as; Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipm ent, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity .)
Truckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than foiklift)




Available On Request--The eighth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r accoun tan ts, a u d ito r s ,
a tto rn e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , eng in eerin g tech n icia n s, d ra fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g ers o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as BLS B ulletin 1585, National Survey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r i c a l P a y , June 19&7~ F ifty cen ts
]
a co p y .

Area Wage Surveys

A lis t of the la te st a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y in d icatin g d ates of e a r lie r stu d ie s, and the p r ic e s of the b u lletin s is
a v a ila b le on re q u e st. B u lle tin s m ay be pu rch ased from the Superinten d en t of D o cu m en ts, U .S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffice, W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
or from any of the BLS re g io n a l sa le s o ffice s shown on the in sid e fron t c o v er .
A rea
A kron, O hio, J u ly 1967 1________________________________
A lbanyr-Schenectady^ T roy, N .Y ., Apr. 1968 1 ------------A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., A pr. 1 968 1_____________________
A llen tow n —B eth leh em —E asto n , P a .—N .J .,
F eb . 1 9 6 7 ________________________________________________
A tlan ta, G a ., M ay 1 968 1 ------------------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., O ct. 1967--------------------------------------------B eaum ont—P o rt A rthur— ran ge, T ex ., May 1968 1____
O
B irm in gh a m , A la ., A pr. 1968___________________________
B o ise C ity, Idaho, July 1967____________________________
B osto n , M a ss., S ep t. 1 9 6 7 1------------------------------------------B u ffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1967________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t., M ar. 1968______________________________
C anton, O hio, June 1 968 1_______________________________
C h a rlesto n , W. V a ., A pr. 1 968 1 -----------------------------------C h a r lo tte , N .C ., A p r. 1 968 *------------------------------------------C h attan ooga, T e n n .-G a ., A ug. 1967-----------------------------C hic ago, 111., A pr. 1967 1 _______________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio—K y.—In d ., M ar. 1 968 1 _____ _________
C le v e la n d , O hio, S ep t. 1967_____________________________
C olu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1967______________________________
D a lla s, T ex ., N ov. 1967_________________________________
D avenp ort—R ock Islan d —M olin e, Iowa—III.,
O ct. 1967_________________________________________________
D ayton, O hio, Jan. 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------------D en v er , C o lo ., D ec . 1 967 1 _______________________ ______
D es M o in es, Iow a, F eb . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------D etro it, M ich ., Jan. 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
F o rt W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1 967____________________________
G reen B ay, W is ., J u ly 1967_____________________________
G r e e n v ilie , S .C ., M ay 1 968 1___________________________
H o u sto n , T e x ., June 1968 1---------------------------------------------In d ia n ap o lis, In d ., D ec . 1967 1 — ----------------------------------J ack so n , M is s ., F eb . 1 968 1____ ._______________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1968____________________________
K ansas C ity, M o.—K a n s., N ov. 1 967 1___________________
L aw ren ce—H a v e rh ill, M a ss.—N .H ., June 1968 1-----------L ittle R ock -N orth L ittle R ock , A rk ., July 1967______
L os A n g eles—Long B ea ch and A naheim —
Santa A n aG arden G ro v e, C a lif., M ar. 1968______________________
L o u isv ille , K y.—In d ., F eb . 1968_________________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1968 1________________________ ______
M a n c h ester, N .H ., Ju ly 1967____________________________
M em p h is, T enn.—A r k ., Jan. 1 9 6 8 1--------------------------------M ia m i, F la ., D ec . 1 967 1_______________ ___________ —----M idland and O d e ssa , T e x ., June 1 968 1------------------------

B u lletin num ber
and p rice
A rea
1 53 0-86 ,
25 cen ts M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r. 1968 ____________________________
1 5 7 5 -6 8 ,
30 cen ts M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., J an. 1968____________ ____
1 5 7 5 -5 8 ,
30 cen ts M u sk eg o n —M u sk eg o n H e i g h ts , M ic h ., M ay 1 9 6 8 1_______
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b . 1 9 6 8 1_____________
153 0-53 ,
25cen ts N ew H av en , C o n n ., Jan . 1 9 6 8 1___________________________
1 5 7 5 -7 1 ,
35 cen ts N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., F e b . 1968___________ __________________
157 5 -1 8 ,
25 cen ts N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 1968 -------------------------------------------1 57 5-75 ,
30 cen ts N o rfo lk —P o r ts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
1 5 7 5 -5 9 ,
30 cen ts H a m p to n , V a ., Ju n e 1967 1______________________________
1 5 7 5 -3 ,
20 cen ts O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a ., J u ly 1 967________________________
1 57 5-13 ,
30 cen ts
O m a h a , N e b r .—Iow a, O ct. 1 967 1_________________________
1 5 7 5 -4 1 ,
30ce n ts P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., M ay 1968 1____________
1 5 7 5 -4 8 ,
20 cen ts P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N . J . , Nov. 1 967 1____ _________________
1 5 7 5 -6 5 ,
30 cen ts P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r. 1 968 1 --------------------------------------------1 5 7 5 -6 3 , 30 cen ts
P itt s b u r g h , P a . , Jan . 1 968-----------------------------------------------1 5 7 5 -5 7 , 30 cen ts
P o r tla n d , M a in e , Nov. 1 9 6 7 1____________________________
157 5 -7 ,
25 cen ts P o r t l a n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M ay 1968 1_____________________
1530-7 3,
30 cen ts P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s . ,
1 5 7 5 -6 2 ,
30 cen ts M ay 1 968---------------------------^---------------------------------------------157 5 -1 4 ,
25 cen ts R a le ig h , N .C ., A ug. 1 967 1----------------------------------------------1 57 5-23 ,
25 cen ts R ic h m o n d , V a ., Nov. 1967 1--------------------------------------------1 57 5-20 ,
25 cen ts R o c k fo rd , 111., M ay 1 968 1-----------------------------------------------St. L o u is , M o.—111., J an. 1968___________________________
157 5 -1 2 ,
25 cen ts S a lt L ak e C ity , U tah, D ec. 1967_________________________
1 5 7 5 -5 1 ,
30cen ts San A nton io , T e x ., J u n e 1968 ---------------------------------------1 5 7 5 -3 8 ,
25 cen ts San B e r n a r d in o —R iv e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif.,
O
1 5 7 5 -5 2 ,
30 ce n ts A ug. 1967 1------------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 7 5 -4 5 ,
35 cen ts San D iego , C a lif., Nov. 1 967-------------------------------------------157 5 -2 2 , 25 cen ts
S an F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d , C a lif., J a n . 1968______________
1 57 5-5, 20 cen ts
S an J o s e , C a l i f ., Sept. 1 967 1 ------------------------------------------1 575 -6 6 , 30 cen ts
S av an n ah , G a . , M ay 1968 1________________________________
1 5 7 5 -8 2 ,
45 cen ts S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1 967 1-----------------------------------------------157 5 -3 6 ,
30ce n ts S e a ttle —E v e r e tt, W a s h ., Nov. 1967 1____________________
1 5 7 5 -4 9 ,
30 ce n ts Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., O ct. 1 967 1_________________________
1 5 7 5 -3 3 ,
20 cen ts South B en d , In d ., M a r. 1 968 1____________________________
157 5 -3 0 , 25 cen ts
S po k an e, W a s h ., Ju n e 1968 -------------------------------------------1 5 7 5 -7 4 ,
30 cen ts T a m p a - S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1 967_______________
1 5 7 5 -2 ,
25 cen ts T o led o , O hio—M ic h ., F e b . 1 968__________________________
T re n to n , N . J . , Nov. 1 967------------------------------------------------1 5 7 5 -6 4 ,
30ce n ts W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d.—V a ., S ep t. 1 967------------------------157 5- 50,
30 cen ts W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r . 1 968 1__________________________
1 5 7 5 -7 7 ,
30 cen ts W a te rlo o , Iow a, Nov. 1 967________________________________
1 5 7 5 -1 ,
20 cen ts W ic h ita , K a n s ., D ec . 1 967-----------------------------------------------1 57 5-32 , 25 cen ts
W ore e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1968 1_______________ ___________
1 5 7 5 -2 8 , 25 cen ts
Y o rk , P a ., F e b . 1968 1----------------------------------------------------1 5 7 5 -7 2 ,
3 0 cen ts Y oungstow n—W a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1967 1_________________

D ata on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




B u lletin num ber
and p rice
1 57 5-67 , 30 c e n ts
1 57 5-47 , 30 ce n ts
1 57 5-60 , 30 c e n ts
1 57 5-54 , 35 c e n ts
1 5 75-34, 25 ce n ts
1 57 5-46 , 30 ce n ts
157 5-78 , 50 ce n ts
1530-82, 25 cents
1 575-4,
20 ce n ts
1 57 5-21 , 25 c e n ts
157 5-83 , 40 c e n ts
1 57 5-40 , 30 ce n ts
1 57 5-55 , 30 ce n ts
1 57 5-44 , 30 c e n ts
157 5 -1 6, 25 c e n ts
1 57 5-80 , 40 c e n ts
1 5 75 -6 1, 30 ce n ts
1 5 75 -6 ,
25 ce n ts
1 57 5-27, 25 c e n ts
157 5 -7 0, 30 ce n ts
1 57 5-39 , 30 ce n ts
1 57 5-35 , 20 ce n ts
1 57 5-69 , 30 ce n ts
1 5 75-10,
1 575 -1 9,
157 5-37 ,
1 575-15,
1 57 5-73 ,
1 5 75-9,
1 575 -2 9,

30 ce n ts
20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

157 5 -1 7,
1 5 7 5 -5 6 .
1 57 5-79 ,
1 575 -8 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 3 ,
1 575 -2 4,
1 575-11,
1 57 5-53 ,
1 5 75-26,
1 57 5-31 ,
1575-76,
1 57 5-42 ,
1 57 5 -25,

25 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
20 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
3 0 ce n ts
25 c e n ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102