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AREA WAG E SURVEY
South Bend, Indiana, M etropolitan Area,
M arch 1973
Bulletin 1775 54




U S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
Rurpaii of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u ll e tin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s o f a M a r c h 1973 s u r v e y o f occup ational
e a r n in g s in the South Bend, Ind., St an dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a (St. J osep h
and M a r s h a l l C o u n tie s).
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re au o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y i e l d
data f o r ind iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as n a tion al and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s
f o r a l l Stan dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in th e U n ite d State s , e xc lu d in g A l a s k a and
H a w a i i , (as d e fin e d by the U.S. O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B udget th ro ugh
N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , through
the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n of w a g e s b y occupation, and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The program de­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , includin g w a g e and s a l a r y
a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a l s o a r e used b y the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m ak e w a g e
d e te r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e includ ed in the p r o g r a m . (See l i s t of a r e a s on
in s id e back c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e co n d y e a r in th e p as t, is now obta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e
m etro po litan area surveyed.
region al estim a tes, p ro jected

in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b een c o m p l e t e d ,
issued.
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r each
T h e second s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s na tio n al and
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.

T h e South Bend s u r v e y w as conduct ed by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
C h i c a g o , 111., under the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P e t e r J. H e b ein , A c t i n g A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y could not h a ve b een a c c o m p l i s h e d
without the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u re a u w i s h e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A lso
f o r buil din g
tr u c k d r i v e r s |
a re available

a v a i l a b l e f o r the South Ben d a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r ate s
t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a ti n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l
and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s of t h e s e
f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s . (S ee b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

AREA W AGE SU R VEY

Bulletin 1775-54
M ay 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S TATISTIC S, Ben Burde'^^v, Deputy Commissioner

South Bend, Indiana, M etropolitan Area, M arch 1973
CO NTENTS
Page

2 In tr od u c tio n
5 W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro ups

T ab le st
4
6
7

15

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r studied
In d e x e s o f e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s of chan ge f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d f o r e m p l o y m e n t shifts

A.
8
10
11
12
13

1.
2.
3.

O c c u p a tio n a l e ar n in g s :
A - l . O f f i c e oc cup ations: W e e k l y e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p atio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l oc c up atio ns : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x
A - 4 . M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p la n t occup atio ns: H o u r l y e a r n in g s
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t oc c u p atio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s

A p p e n d ix ,

O c c u p ation al d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

In tro d u c tio n
(3) m ain te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s to d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i fo r m set o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take accou nt o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e job . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap pendix .
U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic ate d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s tr ie s c om b in ed .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p atio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s ta b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occupation
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e included in all
in d u s tr i e s c o m b in e d data, w h e r e shown.
L i k e w i s e , data a r e included
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
available.

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s an n u a lly .1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n in g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y th ir d
year.
In each o f the in t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n in g s is c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s ti o n n a i r e s f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u ll e tin p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r ty pe s u r v e y .
In e ach a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and ot h e r p ublic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e xc lu d e d f r o m th es e stu dies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tions and the c o n s t ru c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s tr ie s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
havin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th ey tend to f u r n is h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o ccup atio ns studied
to w a r r a n t inclu sio n.
S e p a r a t e ta bula tions a r e p r o v i d e d f o r each o f
the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic ation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late shifts . N o n p r o d u c tio n bon uses a r e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
cluded. W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the stan da rd w o r k w e e k (r ou n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r and/or p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e condu cted on a s a m p le b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and nu m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith eac h e s ta b l i s h m e n t havin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance of
s e l e c t i o n . T o obtain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W hen data
a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s ta b l i s h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e rs . A n a l te r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is cho se n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
catio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e , ad d ition al w e ig h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e oc c up atio ns s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n onm anu fa cturin g i n d u s tr i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g ty p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l oc c u p atio n al
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e chan ges. T h e a v e r ­
ag es f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y chan ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r exam p le, pro p ortion s o f w o r k e r s em plo yed by
h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such shif ts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s dur ing
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d i v i d u a l jo b s w ith in the
g ro u p s.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y.; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y . ; and Utica—
Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U .S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In ­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g , and
thus c on trib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r eac h job. P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l amon g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .

O c c up atio n s and E a r n i n g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c on trib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r ate r a n g e s , since
o n ly the r a te s p aid in cum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tions used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the nu m b e r actu­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s ta b l i s h m e n ts stu died s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
tance o f the j o b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p atio n al struc ture
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u ll e tin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e tab u la tio n s, c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p ast, is now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e tabulations on
m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r ie s
ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r this a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S o u th B e n d , In d .,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , M a rc h 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in e stab lish m ents in scope
of study

Industry division

All d iv isio n s

Number of establish m en ts
Within scope
of study*

W orkers in establish m en ts
Within scope of stud y4

Studied

Number

P ercen t

Studied

197

M anufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing__________ _ ______
_
___
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u tilities 5 _ — ---_
-----W holesale trad e 6_________________________
R etail trad e 6__________ __________________
Finance, in su ran ce, and re a l e s t a t e 6 ____
S e rv ic e s 6 7___
___ _________________

75

40, 045

100

28,924

50
"

86
111

32
43

24,392
15,653

61
39

19, 180
9, 744

50
50
50
50
50

18
19
39
15

1
0
6
1
2
6

3, 110
2,637
4, 750
3 ,568
1,588

8
6
1
2

2,489
1,218
2, 624
2 ,440
973

20

9

9
4

1 The South Bend Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A re a , a s defined by the Office of Management and Budget through Novem ber 1971, c o n sists
of St. Jo sep h and M arsh all C ounties. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in th is table provide a reason ably accu rate descrip tion
of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey . The e stim a te s a re not intended, however, to serv e a s a b a sis of com p arison
with other employment in dexes for the a re a to m ea su re employment tren d s or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage su rvey s r e q u ire s the use of
establish m en t data com piled con sid erably in advance of the p ayroll period studied, and (2) sm a ll estab lish m en ts a re excluded from the scope of
the surv ey .
2 The 1%7 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssificatio n Manual was used in cla ssify in g estab lish m en ts by in dustry division.
3 Includes a ll estab lish m en ts with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. All outlets (within the a re a ) of com pan ies in such
in d u strie s a s trad e , finance, auto rep a ir se r v ic e , and motion p icture th e ate rs a re con sid ered a s 1 establish m en t.
4 Includes a ll w o rk ers in a ll e stablish m en ts with total employment (within the a re a ) at or above the minim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilitie s ” in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s. T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sp ortation w ere excluded. South
B en d's tra n sit system is m unicipally operated and i s excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 Th is in dustry d ivision is rep resen ted in e stim a te s for "a ll in d u str ie s" and "nonm anufacturing” in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. Sep arate presentation
of data fo r th is division i s not m ade for one or m ore of the following r e a so n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m e rit sep arate study, (2) the sam ple w as not designed in itially to p erm it se p a ra te presentation, (3) resp o n se w as in su fficien t or inadequate
to p erm it sep a rate p resen tation , and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re of individual establish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o te ls; lau n dries and other p e rso n al s e r v ic e s; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s; autom obile r e p a ir ,
ren tal, and parking;
m otion p ictu re s;
nonprofit m em bersh ip organ ization s (excluding relig io u s and ch aritable organ ization s); and engineering and arch ite ctu ra l s e r v ic e s.

Ind ustrial com position in m anufacturing
Over th ree-fifth s of the w o rk e rs within scope of survey in the South Bend a re a
were employed in m anufacturing fir m s . The following p re se n ts the m ajo r in dustry groups
and sp ecific in d u stries a s a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in d u stries

T ransportation equipm ent_____ 34
M achinery, except e le ctrica l_ 22
_
Rubber and p la stic s produ cts_ 13
_
E le c tric a l equipment and
su p p lies_____________________ 6
F ab ricated m etal p ro d u cts______6
Food and kindred p ro d u cts____ 5

Motor v e h icle s and equipment—22
G eneral in d u stria l m ach in e ry — 16
A irc ra ft and p a r t s ____________ 10
F ab rica ted rubber p rodu cts___ 9

This inform ation i s based on e stim a te s of total employment derived from un iverse
m a te r ia ls com piled p rio r to actu al survey. P rop ortion s in v a rio u s in dustry d ivision s m ay
d iffer from proportion s b ase d on the r e su lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s.
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s durin g the b a s e p e r i o d .
Su btractin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t chan ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in dex. T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
ch an ge s b e t w e e n the i n d ic a te d date s. An nual r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 months wh en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s ot h e r than 12 m onths.
T hese com pu­
ta tions a r e b a s e d on the as s u m p tion that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a constant
r a te b e t w e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f change in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not intended to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay
chan ges in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b as e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d e x is c om pute d by m u l t i ­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
chan ge plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (com pound) eac h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey
m e a s u r e chan ges in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s , excluding
p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te shifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pations and in clude m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s within
e ach gro up.

M e th o d o f C om pu ting
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p is a s s i g n e d a con stant w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f change, as m e a s u r e s o f change
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y:
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n ge s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y ind ivid ual
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) changes in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to changes in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e xp a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p ay l e v e l s . Changes in
the l a b o r f o r c e can cau se i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occup atio nal
a v e r a g e s with out actu al w a g e cha nges.
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v en
though a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e n te r e d
the a r e a o r expanded t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y ha ve
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y ha ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e us e o f con stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f changes in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b i n ­
clud ed in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly changes in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e hours.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d by
chan ges in s tan da rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e adjuste d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t caused by
chan ges in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e ach oc c up atio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e i g h t, and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l occupations
in the g ro u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b trac tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d iv i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g ate f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f chan ge.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in S o u th B e n d , In d ., M a rc h 1 9 7 2 an d M a rc h 1 9 7 3 ,
a n d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Manufacturing

A ll in du stries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
m aintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings

Ind ustrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trad e s
(men)

139.3
140.7

134.2
140.5

127.0
134.9

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (M arch 1967*100)
M arch 1972______ . . ____________
M arch 1973.................................................................

131.9
137.0

139.3
140.7

136.1
142.9

131.0
139.6

125.4
128.5

P ercen ts of change 1
A pril 1960 to M arch 1961:
11-month in c re a se ________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a se ___ _ __________ __
_

2.8
3.1

2.7
2.9

2.9
3.2

1.8
2.0

3.3
3.6

3.2
3.5

2.9
3.2

2.9
3.2

M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch

2.3
2.5
2.8
1.1
2.3
2.8
4.9
5.3
4.3
7.2
6.8
3.9

4.7
2.5
2-1 .0
4.5
1.9
4.2
8.9
5.7
7.0
4.7
8.0

3.3
2.5
1.3
.5
2.8
4.3
5.1
7.9
3.1
8.2
7.6
5.0

2.6
3.8
1.2
2—
.6
.2
3.4
1.6
4.1
9.3
7.5
5.4
6.6

4.1
2.1
1.5
.8
3.4
2.0
2.5
4.7
3.6
5.8
6.6
2.5

4.2
2.5
2—
.5
3.9
2.4
3.7
8.9
5.7
7.0
4.7
8.0

3.1
2.3
1.4
.1
3.2
4.4
4.4
8.4
3.0
7.3
7.3
4.7

2.2
2.7
1.5
2—
.2
2—
.2
4.5
.7
3.9
7.9
7.1
5.1
6.2

1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch

1962___________________
1963_______ „ „ _____
1964___________________
1965___________________
1966___________________
1967____________ _____
1968___________________
1969___________________
1970___________________
1971_____ ____________
1972___________________
1973___________________

1.0

1.0

1 All changes a re in c re a se s u n less otherwise indicated.
2 This d e c re a se la rge ly refle cts changes in employment among establishm ents with different pay lev e ls rather than wage d e c r e a se s.




7

T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in S o u th B e n d , In d., M a r c h 1 9 7 2 to M a r c h 1 9 7 3
Occupational group

All
in d u stries

4.7
2.0
6.7
6.7

Manufac turing

Nonmanulacturing

3.3
2.0
6.3
6.9

1 Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

NOTE: Table 3 provides p ercen ts of change in av erage hourly earn ings for selected
occupational g ro u p s, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
for computing wage tren d s is based on changes in av erage hourly earn ings for establish m en ts
reporting the index jo b s in both the curren t and p reviou s year (m atched estab lish m en ts),
holding establish m en t employment in the jobs constant.
The new wage tren ds a re not linked to the curren t indexes becau se the new wage
tren ds m ea su re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes
m ea su re changes in a re a a v e r a g e s. Other c h a ra c te ristic s of the new wage tren d s which
differ from the curren t ones include (1) earn ings data of office c le r ic a l w ork ers and in d u s­
t r ia l n u rse s a re converted to an hourly b a s i s , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided for
nonm anufacturing estab lish m en ts.
F o r a m ore detailed d escrip tion of the new method used to compute a r e a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey Indexes, " Monthly L ab or Review , January' 1973,
pp. 52-57.

5.9
(*)
(*)
6.4

8

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, South Bend, Ind., March 1973)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workcre

*

Average
weekly
standard)

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

65
and
under
70

*

70

$

75

*

80

$

85

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
*
*
$
$
s
*
S
$
%
$
%

90

95

100

105

110

113

120

130

140

150

160

$
170

%

18C

s

190

$

*

200

210
and

75

80

90

95

100

*

85

3
3

“

"

1
1

105

no

115

120

130

140

2
2

4
4

9
6

1

14
3
it

21

50
18
32

150

160

170

180

19C

38
19
19

23
18
5

14
9
5

7
6
i

4
4
“

11
e

2

7
6
i
“

“

-

-

2

-

2
2

9
9
9

200

210

2

”

over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
bookkeeping - machine operators ,

CLASS B -----------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

35
21

$
$
$
$
40.0 108.50 107.50 98.50-121.00
4 0 .0 109.50 115.00 102.50-121.00

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNT ING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

204
85
119

40.0 133.50 129.50 119.50-143.50
40.0 139.50 139.00 127.00-154.00
40.0 129.00 125.00 116.00-135.00

-

-

40.0
40.0
40.0
4 0 .0

105.50 95.50-115.00
108.00 94.50-124.50
104.00 96.00-112.50
129.00 115.00-134.50

-

-

5
5

12
1
11

16
9
7

29
17
12

23
6
17

27
7
30

40
19
21

30

6
24
6

11
7
4
-

20
11
9
6

15
8
7
6

4
4
-

-

_

-

-

2
1

9
8

2
i

8
7

1
-

6

2

-

i
*

“

-

107.50
110.50
105.50
135.00

-

-

_
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------ncnma nufa ct ur ing -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

253
101
152
22

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------NONMANUFACILRING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

44
35
18

39.5 1 2 0 .5C 110.50 95.50-124.50
39.5 123.50 111.00 9 5 .00-180.50
40.0 15C.0C 152.50 117.00-183.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACILRING ------------------------

58
54

40.0
40.0

CLERKS, CRCER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

61
34

40.0 115.50 113.50 101.00-136.00
40.0 115.00 119.00 99.50-136.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

104
69
35

40.0 113.50 108.50
40.0 112.00 113.50
40.0 116.CG 102.50

94.00-128.00
96.00-129.00
93.00-120.00

_
“
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACILRING ------------------------

103
39
64

40.0 125.00 121.00 111.50-133.50
40.0 125.50 127.50 115.00-137.00
40.0 124.50 116.50 111.00-131.50

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACILRING ------------------------

122
33
89

39.5 103.00 I C O . 00 91.00-110.00
39.5 1 0 8 .5C 110.00 100.50-119.00
40.0 10 1.oc 94.00 90.50-103.50

-

_

_

-

*

-

6

83.50
84.00

83.00
84.00

75.50- 93.50
75.00- 94.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BCYS AND GIRLSI-

30

39.5

88.50

86.00

79 .5 0 - 98.00

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

536
231
305
29

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

134.00
150.50
121.50
151.50

132.50
152.00
120.00
135.00

111.50-154.00
136.50-163.50
103.50-134.00
127.50-180.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACILRING ------------------------

48
24
24
123
46

40.0 1 4 2 .5C 138.00 126.00-160.00
C
39.5 16 0.O 163.00 139.50-179.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

212
80
132

40.0 130.50 126.00 107.50-152.50
40.0 151.50 152.00 143.00-163.00
40.0 118.00 115.00 102.50-127.50

2
2

2
5

10
4
6

l

6
6

1
20

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

~

-

i

~

1

2
“
2
2

“
~

“

-

-

-

4

4

5
5

-

-

5

2
2

4
3
3

-

10
2

2
2

7
7

8
4

4
4

6
i

*

-

-

-

4
4

11
8

6
3

r

n
ii
“

4
i
3

i
i

i
i
“

-

i
i
“

-

-

6

4
“

u

“

9
9

11
7

8
8

5
5

9
9

5

-

_

6
4

2
2

3
i

2
2

13
13

4
4

i

13
12
1

*

“

_
-

-

_
“

1
1

12
4
8

6
i
5

22
4
18

9
4
5

17
7
10

23
12
11

6
4
2

2
2

-

-

“

“

5
5

6

17
3
14

32
2
30

6
3
3

26
4
22

5
5
-

16
7
9

2
2

5
5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
“

_
“
-

u

2
9

13
10
3

6
6
u

5

3

3

5

-

5

"

4

2

2

6

6

2

2

2

-

i

-

3

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

19
1
18

14
1
13

19
2
17

37
1
36

30
12
18

30
9
21

4
4
-

”

23
15
8
4

8
5
3

-

64
48
16
3

17
14

-

68
27
41
6

46
39
7

-

67
11
56
6

50
35
15

*

32
4
28
2

5
3
2
2

6

3
1
2

12
7
5

4

3
2
1

7

-

2
2

10

40.0 162.00 158.00 139.50-181.50
40.0 171.00 167.50 155.00-184.00
40.0 153.00 152.50 127.50-167.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

9

3

"

6
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

4

-

3

6

4

_

10
2
8

1
23
-

23

6
14
1
13

4

13
3
10

7
4
3

7
2

22
3

26
7

16
5

11
4

16
3
13

24

17
5
12

22
20
2

25
21
4

24

*
-

4
8

1C
7

14
13
1

10
6
4

3

2
6

3

1
5

~

4
2
2

1

5

3
3

1

1
1

5
3
2

5
2
3

1
1

-

-

9
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s — C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, South Bend, Ind., March 1973)
W eekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

1

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

t

A verage
w eekly
(standard]

M ean

^

M edian

^

Middle- range

^

65

70

*

75

*

80

*

85

i

90

95

*

100

*

105

$

110

S

115

S

120

130

140

150

*

160

t

170

*

180

$

190

»

200

and
under

%

210

and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

-

-

“

13
1

10
1

9
-

13
1

12
3

13
9

7
4

15
8

18
11

9
9

16
16

18
18

-

-

-

5

3

4

10

11

6

_

3

7

4

7

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

6
6

3
2
1

4
2
2

5
5
-

12
6
6

16
15
1

10
7
3

_
-

3
2
1
_
-

6
6

_
-

-

-

_
-

3
_
3
_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_

-

*

-

-

-

2
_
2

-

-

~

-

1

-

_

_

_

5

_

_

~

-

-

-

210 over

M
EN ANO W M
O EN COMBINED—
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED!

$
$
$
$
39.5 122.50 120.00 102.50-147.50
39.5 138.50 145.50 122.00-155.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

153
81

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------

66

39.5 116.00 105.50

97.50-136.50

-

-

*
-

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

27
15

40.0 132.00 105.00 95.00-150.00
40.0 163.00 149.50 146.50-207.50

-

-

-

4

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTORING ---------------------

64
40
24

40.0 137.00 133.00 123.00-145.00
40.0 131.00 132.50 120.50-140.00
40.0 148.00 146.00 127.00-173.00

-

_
-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------

24
18

40.0 126.50 129.00 118.00-139.50
40.0 128.50 130.50 121.00-138.00

_

_
-

_
_
-

1
-

-

ShITCHBCARC OPERATORS, CLASS B -----

17

39.0

95.00

89.00-107.50

-

1

SWITCHBCARC CPERATCR-RECEPTION I STSMANUFACTURING -------------------------

90
35
55

39.5 98.50 94.50
40.0 101.50 101.50
39.5 96.50 93.50

89.50-104.50
89.50-108.00
85.00-102.00

-

7
7

3
3

4

nonmanufacturing

---------------------

99.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------

22

39.5 102.50

96.50

91.50-112.00

“

1

53
42

39.0 120.50 117.00
39.0 113.00 114.00

99.00-137.50
97.50-131.00

-

-

_

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------

102
75

76.00- 99.00
74.00- 89.00

7

4
2
1
1

-

~
_
-

3
-

1
1

3
-

_
-

1
1

2
2

6
5

6
6

5
3

-

1

3

4

2

2

-

2

-

2

-

-

4

10
10

25
4
21

5
2
3

16
7
9

7
7

5
1
4

-

2
1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2
2

39.5
39.5

92.00
89.50

83.50
81.50

“

17
11

6

5

-

1

3

1

1

-

-

-

5
4

6
6

5
5

1

3

3

7
5

7

4
4

6
6

_

1
15
15

3
3
3

-

-

18
17

9

7

5

9

6

i

i

i

_

_

_

i

5

_
•

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

-

6
_
_
_
_

_

10
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, South Bend, Ind., March 1973)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

Number of worker s receiving straight-time wee kly earning
*

Occupation and industry division

weekly

of
workers

(standard)

Mean

^

Median^

Middle ranged

t

$

t

$

t

s

»

1

t

S

s

$

o f—

*

t

t

*

115

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

2

110
Under
and
t
110 under

1

<
t
*
250 260 270
and
260

270 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
21

$
$
$
$
40.0 182.00 181.00 172.50-189.00

22

40.0 121 00 121.00 109.00-137.00

24

40.0 201.00 194.00 174.50^239.00

26

40.0 238.00 239.50 214.00-260.50

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

97

207.50 204.50 184.00-229.00
40.0 205.50 204.00 180.00-226.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

59
36
23

40.0 177.50 174.00 154.50-201.00
40.0 182.00 182.00 166.00-202.00
40.0 170.50 160.00 152.00-190.00

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

.
-

•
-

-

2
2

4
3
1

13
A
9

33
18

40.0 143.50 151.00 124 .5040.0 138.50 131.00 122 .50 -

18
18

40.0 157.50 157.50 154.00-161.00
40.0 157.50 157.50 154.00-161.00

_

1

3

10

1

CCPPUTER PRGGRAMERS,
8

3

6

16
16

6

12
9

19
19

10
8

11
10

8
6

6
8

5
3
2

9
7
2

6
4
2

5
5
-

8
6
2

2
2

3
•
3

i
i

i
i

”

CCHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f ta b li




163.00 J
164.00

1

_

r
*
-

:

1

*
-

3
1
1

1
1

2

4

-

2

-

-

_
_
-

11
T a b l e A - 3 . O f fic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in g s , by sex
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, South Bend, Ind., March 1973)
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - HEN

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikere

(standard)

$

CLERKS, ORDER

LL h j j

L

----------------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

---------------------------------

68

0 108 50
60.0 109.50

40.0 127.50
40.0 136.50
60.0 122.50

60*0 105*50
60.0 135.00

66
35

39.5 120.50
39.5 123.50

58
56

60.0
60.0

110.00
116.50

96
66
28

66
80




39 5 102.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------

17

60.0 182.50

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M N
E

40 0
39.5 160.00
60.0 151.50
118.00

17

60.0 213.50

153

22

60.0 261.50

66

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------39.5 118.00
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

109
97

60.0 207.50
60.0 205.50

27
15

60.0 132.00 CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------60.0 163.0C
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

55
34

40.0 178.50
60.0 183.00

60
26

60 lo 131.00 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------------60.0 168.00
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

32
18

60.0 166.50
40.0 138.50

--------

26

60.0 126.50
40 «0 128.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

90

39.5

98.50

18

40.0 157.50

55

39.5

96.50

NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A

See footnote at end of table;

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
39.5 122.50
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------

60.0 111.50
60.0 110.50
60.0 116.00

^33
89

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

60.0 162.00

SECRETARIES* CLASS C

83.50
86.00

69

6*

standard)

40 0 \34 00
60.0 150.50
60.0 121.50

40.0

N0NHANUFACTURING

60.0 107.00

152
22

> IL ti

Weekly

5C

267

L L tK H j i

————— ————————

SECRETARIES* CLASS A — — — — —
177
69
108

Number
of

22
536
231
305

MANUFACTURING
NONHANUFACTURING
35
21

Ave rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W
OKEN— CONTINUED

172.50
60.0 161.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM
16

NONHANUFAC 1U 1KG
R

Weekly

OCCUPATIONS - W KEN
O

40*0 124*50
39*5 108*50
60.0 101.00

Table A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, South Bend, Ind., March 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings o
*
I ------ i
S
1 ------ *
S
1 ------ $
$
S
S
*
$
S
*
$
t
t
*
$
*
»
3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4. 10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

H
ourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

an d
under

o
o

3.60 3.70 3,80 3.90

4.10 4. 20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40

M
EN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

23
22

$
5.15
5.12

$
5.52
5.52

$
$
4. 7 7 - 5.57
4. 7 6 - 5.56

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

134
134

5.12
5.12

5.60
5.60

FIREMEN, STATICNARY 80ILER -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

32
32

5.06
5.06

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

45
45

MECHANICS, AUTCMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

“

*

4. 7 4- 5.65
4. 7 4- 5.65

-

_

5.44
5.44

4. 8 3 - 5.50
4. 8 3- 5.50

-

-

“

*

4.48
4.48

4.59
4.59

3. 8 9- 4.90
3. 8 9 - 4.90

4
4

138
51
87
75

5.49
5.21
5.66
5.83

5.66
5.58
6.04
6.06

4 .9 4 4. 7 5 4. 9 95.86-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

139
133

4.58
4.60

4.72
4.72

4. 0 1 - 4.79
4. 0 0- 4.80

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

131
131

5.31
5.31

5.61
5.61

4. 8 5- 5.66
4. 8 5 - 5.66

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

96
96

5.37
5.37

5.62
5.62

4. 8 9 - 5.66
4. 8 9- 5.66

TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

139
139

5.34
5.34

5.12
5.12

4.8 6- 5.94
4.86- 5.94

See footnotes at end of tables.




6.07
5.65
6.13
6.15

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

*

-

—
*

—
“

-

-

9
9

1
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

-

4
4

7
7

4
4

-

-

“

-

“

-

*

3
3

4
4

-

4
4

-

5
5

4
4

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

4
4
-

12

-

-

-

*
-

-

*
-

-

34
34

7
7

1
1

3
3

—

2
2

2
2

15
15

9
9

*

14
14

“

*

*

4
4

-

_
“

-

“

2
2

-

2
2

10
10

-

-

-

“

6
6
-

1
1

4
4
“

3
3

11
-

-

11
5
13
13

_

_

_

-

-

12
6

*

~

6

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

8
8

_

-

-

-

-

-

68
68

“

-

-

21
21

_

9
9

-

-

“

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

5

6
6

-

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

24
24
-

5

44

10

-

“

-

-

44
44

10
10

-

“
_

-

-

~

-

-

13
13

5
5

_

_

12
12

73
73

“
-

-

-

~

-

-

60
60

-

_

8
8

2
2

9
9

26
26

_

-

i
i

21
21

2
2

_

-

-

“

-

“

“

10
10

57
57

7
7

16
16

7
7

1
1

29
29

11
11

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

_
-

1

*

45
45

5
-

13
13

1
1

5
-

-

14
14

1
1

-

—

-

-

5
5
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, South Bend, Ind., March 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings^

S
2.10

t
2 .20

$
2 .40

$
2.60

$
2 .80

$
3 .00

*
3.20

s
3 .40

$
3 .6 0

$
3.80

s
4 .0 0

%

*

4 .2 0

A .A 0

*
4 .60

*
4 .80

t
5.0 0

5.20

*
%
5 . AC 5 . 6 0

5 .80

$
6 .00

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .40

2 .6 0

2.80

3 .0 0

3 .20

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .60

4 .8 0

5.00

5 .20

5.40

5 .60

5.80

6 .00

6 .2 0

3
-

1
“

”

32
29

10
8

8
7

8
8

1
“

8
8

15
15

20
20

40
40

“

”

”

“

“

“

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

8

12

20

-

-

40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

8

6

-

8

-

-

3

5
5

15
8
7

17
5
12

7

2
5

14
1
13

26
26
~

47
40
7

13
11
2

20
20

39
39
-

A
A
-

11 5
10 9
6

-

11
11

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

2
2

-

8
4
4

12
12

48
41

88
84
4

_
“

123
24
99

16
16

14
14

23
23
*

46
38
8

-

72

-

-

_

-

-

6

“

72

“

“

*

6

3

1 20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

“

-

$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

Under2 * 00
S
and
2 . 0 0 under

i

%

M
EN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

147
135

$
3.58
3.68

$
3.82
3.87

$
$
2.5 9- 4.64
2.68- 4.67

1
“

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4.20

3.8 8- 4.73

-

83

4.28

W
ATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

52

2.74

2.50

2.4 5- 2.88

-

JANITORS, PORTERS', AND CLEANERS---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

381
281
100

3.44
3.79
2.46

3.58
3.95
2.33

2.84- 4.30
3. 2 7 - 4.33
2. 0 2- 2.84

18
18

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NDNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

458
256
202

3.69
3.43
4.02

3.49
3.18
3.57

3. 1 4- 4.26
3.0 6- 3.98
3. 4 6- 4.84

_
-

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

253
85

4.26
3.94

4.48
3.98

3. 6 2- 4.95
3. 6 2- 4.44

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

350
344

3.59
3.61

3.37
3.38

3.3 4- 3.87
3. 3 4- 3.88

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTLRING ------------------------

43
19
24

3.77
3.86
3.69

3.69
3.69
4.10

3. 2 9- 4.72
3.6 2- 4.17
2. 7 5- 4.76

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

24
21

4.15
4.24

4.15
4.42

3. 7 8- 4.65
3.85- 4.73

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------

18

3.45

2.99

2.9 4- 3.93

-

-

TRUCKCRIVERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

486
134
352
134

4.85
4.06
5.15
6.04

4.87
4.12
4.94
6.05

4. 3 03.6 24. 8 26. 0 3 -

_

-

-

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONSI --------------------------------

33

4.20

3.97

2.7 9- 6.02

-

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPEI ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

96
36

4.74
3.80

4.30
3.66

3.75- 6.04
3. 5 3- 4.35

“

“

“

TRUCKERS, POW
ER (FORKLIFT) -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

413
402

3.82
3.81

3.59
3.60

3. 3 7- 4.41
3. 3 7- 4.41

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




6.01
4.64
6.03
6.08

30
~
30

*

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

32

“

*

*

18
8

3
3

6
6

23
23

A
A

3

9
3

35
35

-

“

-

-

-

5

-

-

1

228
228

i
i

_

“

55
55

9
9

46
46

2
2

3
3

2

5
4
1

8
8

-

A
A

-

3
3

12

-

-

-

-

-

“

12
1
1

5
4

_
_

_

3
3

_
_

_

2
2

_
_
*

“

-

-

-

-

-

A

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

36
36

18
18

_

1
1

_

_

-

11
11

-

-

13A

4

-

-

4

_

_

-

5

-

-

_

5

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

1

9

-

9

5
5

1
1

9

9

_
-

-

5

6
6

-

2

1

-

44
3
41

14
14

42
7
35

6
6

23
23
-

-

6

6

1 42
1 42

-

-

-

3

1

6

-

_

5

4

15
15

21

4

3
3

-

6

135
135

67
61

25
25

5
5

35

1 12
1 07

”

28
28

6

35

-

-

-

13A
134

9

-

_

-

“

5
5

*

-

5

-

_

_

“

2
2

_

_

~

“

1
1

.
-

39

-

14

Footnotes

1 S tan d ard h ou rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w e e k ly h o u rs.
T h e m ed ia n
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted fo r each jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s ,
T h e m id d le
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the ra te shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the r a te shown,
ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a rn m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The

p r im a r y

o c c u p a t io n s
fro m

to

to

who

area.

in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t
in d iv id u a l

p u rp o se

w o rk ers

area

and

w o r k in g

p r e p a r in g

e m p lo y e d

p e r m its

in te r a r e a

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

e x c lu d e

of

are

T h is
or

jo b

d e s c r ip t io n s

u n d er

th e

a

v a r ie ty

g r o u p in g

c o m p a r a b ility

th o s e

s u p e r v is o r s ;

p rep a red

of

of

fo r

th e

title s
w age
In

b e g in n e r s ;

w age

and
ra te s

c o n te n t,

p u rp o ses.

le a r n e r s ;

B u r e a u 's

p a y r o ll

o c c u p a t io n a l

o th e r

a p p r e n t ic e s ;

fo r

o f

o c c u p a t io n a l

th e

su rveys

d iffe r e n t

is

B u r e a u 's

a p p ly in g

th e s e

tr a in e e s ;

and

to

w o rk

jo b

a s s is t

it s

c o m p a r a b le

d e s c r ip t io n s

jo b

fie ld

a rra n g e m e n ts

r e p r e s e n t in g

m ay

d e s c r ip t io n s ;

h a n d ic a p p e d ,

s ta ff

fr o m

jo b

d iffe r

th e

in

to

B ecau se
fie ld

in t o
th is

fr o m

and

and

e m p h a s is

th o s e

e c o n o m is t s

te m p o ra ry ,

a p p r o p r ia te

e s t a b lis h m e n t

of

s ig n ific a n tly

B u r e a u 's

p a r t - tim e ,

c la s s ify in g

e s t a b lis h m e n t

c o n te n t.

in

are

on

u se

in

in s tr u c te d

p r o b a tio n a r y

w ork ers.

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

P rep a res
m a tic

C L E R K ,

M A C H IN E
s ta te m e n ts ,

ty p e w r it e r .

c le r ic a l

w o rk

c la s s ifie d

M ay

a ls o

in c id e n t a l

by

ty p e

of

to

m a c h in e ,

B ille r ,

m a c h in e

a d d in g

and

m a c h in e )

n a lly

p rep ared

d e t e r m in e d
m a y not

to

and

b y m a c h in e .

The

and

b ills

o ft e n

done

b illin g s

F or

or

w age

o t h e r th a n

s h ip p in g

s tu d y

an o r d in a r y

ch a rges

p u rp o ses,

or

or

P o s itio n s

e le c tr o -

p e r fo r m

b ille r s ,

o th e r

m a c h in e ,

C la s s

are

r e q u ir e

b illin g
on

k s p e c ia l

U ses

and

in v o ic e s

a

and

m a c h in e ,
in v o lv e s

fa n fo ld

b illin g

fr o m
e tc .

e n try
and

c u s to m e rs '
U s u a lly

of

to t a ls

a la r g e

m a c h in e

w h ic h

a u to m a tic a lly

ca rb o n

c o p ie s

of

c la s s

p re ­

m ay or

a c c u m u la te d
th e

m a c h in e

(b o o k k e e p in g

tio n .

G e n e r a lly

m a c h in e
and

in v o lv e s

a u to m a tic a lly

u s u a lly

edge

to

of

p r in ts

O p e ra te s

W o rk s

o f
a

c r e d it

u n ifo r m

b o o k k e e p in g
p art

of

fig u r e s

on
or

d e b it

fr o m

as

m a c h in e

of

v e r t ic a l

b a la n c e s .

s ta n d a rd

(w it h

op era­

le d g e r

of

not

reco rd .
and

a b o o k k e e p in g

o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r

C la s s

A .

K eeps

D e te r m in e s

phase

w o rk s h e e ts

a c c o u n tin g

and

C L E R K ,

a

of

th e

C la s s

a

set

of

and

p rop er

w o rk .

p a y r o ll,

B.

reco rd s

fa m ilia r ity

reco rd s

M ay

K eeps

litt le

r e q u ir in g
w it h th e

a

k n o w le d g e

s tru c tu re

an d d is t r ib u tio n

p rep a re

a reco rd

k n o w le d g e

c u s to m e rs '

m a c h in e ),

of

c o n s o lid a te d

p r e p a r a tio n

of

tr ia l

of

one

b a s ic

a c c o u n ts

c o s t d is t r ib u tio n ,

c r e d it

s lip s .

k eyb o ard )

to

keep

F ile s ,

of

o f

and

e x p e r ie n c e

c la s s ifie s ,

o r

tr a c in g

d is c r e p a n c ie s .

fo llo w in g

r o u t in e
w h ere

a

o p e r a tio n s

be

w h ic h

p r o c e s s in g

s u b s t a n tia l

tr a n s a c t io n s

M ay

and

d e t a ile d

a c c o u n tin g

by

com ­

v a r ie ty

th ro u g h

a s s is t e d

c o d in g

of

c o m p le te n e s s

d o c u m e n ts

in s t r u c tio n s

c le r ic a l

id e n t ific a t io n

a c c u ra c y and

b a s is

th e

fo llo w in g

of

of

p r e v io u s

o p e r a tio n s ,

ite m s
o f

u s in g

and

one o r

m ore

fe w

s ta n d a r d iz e d
such

lo c a tio n s

s ta n d a r d iz e d
a

and

and

as

of

p o s tin g s

r e p e titiv e

p r e s c r ib e d

p ro ­

p o s tin g

to
are

reco rd s

a c c o u n tin g

codes.

w it h

A .

C la s s ifie s

file s .

th e

r e tr ie v e s

r e q u ir e d

e tc .,

M ay

file s .

to

m a te r ia l

m a in t a in

in

an

file s .

e s t a b lis h e d
P o s itio n s

filin g

are

s y stem .

c la s s ifie d

M ay

in to

p e r fo r m

le v e ls

o n th e

d e fin itio n s .

d o c u m e n ts ,

m a tte r

and

ta s k s

M ay

and

in

a ls o

c r e d it

b a la n c e

in

C la s s B .
in g s o r p a r t l y

an

file

le a d

in d e x e s

a

file

e s t a b lis h e d
th is

m a te r ia l

filin g

m a te r ia l.

s m a ll

gro u p

of

such

s y stem

M ay

keep

lo w e r

as

corresp on d en ce,

c o n t a in in g
record s

le v e l

a

of

file

re p o rts,

num ber o f

v a r io u s

v a r ie d

ty p e s

in

te c h ­

s u b je c t

c o n ju n c tio n

c le r k s .

b a s ic

(n o t

b a la n c e s

or m o re

phases

in c lu d in g

a

s im p le

d is t r ib u tio n ,

and

or

Phases

p rep a re

s e c tio n s
or

s y stem

c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e

a id s .

to

be used

in e a c h

w a rd s

M ay

and

o th e r

record s

ite m s

s h e e ts ,

of

ty p e

of

s h e e ts

fo r

of

in c lu d e

b illin g

in v e n to r y c o n t r o l,

c o n tro l

a set

s e c tio n s

record s

a c c o u n ts

d e s c r ib e d
e tc .

th e

C la s s

u s u a lly

u n d er

a c c o u n tin g

a s s is t

d ep a rtm e n t.

and

r e q u ir e d

b ille r ,

C .

C L E R K ,

r e c o n c ilin g

bank

a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ;

v e r ify in g

or

p r e p a r in g

in

e ith e r

a c c o u n ts ;

a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l

fo r

s im p le

a

m anual

The

w o rk

r e la te s

v e r ify in g

c le r ic a l
or
or

a s s is t in g
a u to m a te d

r e q u ir e s

to th e c le r ic a l

e x p e r ie n c e ,
p ro ced u res

th e
used

a

in

th e

o f,b o o k k e e p in g

a c c o u n t in g




a s s ig n e d

and

of

a s p o s tin g to

r e g is te r s

c o m p le te n e s s ,

a c c o u n tin g

re p o rts,

m ore

c o m p lic a t e d

and

d is t r ib u tio n

lis ts ,

e x a m in in g

p o s tin g ,

vou ch ers.

M ay

e tc .;

but

fa m ilia r
is

and

of

and

o ffic e

t r a n s a c t io n s

p r a c tic e s

and

to h a v e

a

p ro ced u res

an d a c c o u n tin g

k n o w le d g e

o f

th e

te rm s
fo r m a l

The

B u rea u

has

m a te r ia l

th a t

s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n

fill

out

w it h d r a w a l

and

s e r v ic e

c u s to m e rs '
ite m s

to

ord ers

d e t e r m in e

w it h

to

r e a d ily

ch a rge.

has

m a te r ia l

(e .g .,

and

been

file s

in

s im p le

and

s e r v ic e

c la s s ifie d

a lp h a b e t ic a l,

m a te r ia l

p e rfo rm

in

m a in t a in

to

a lr e a d y

s y stem

a v a ila b le

M ay

file s

or

w h ic h

c h r o n o lo g ic a l,

and

c le r ic a l

fo r ­
file s .

fo r w a r d s

and

m anual

m a­
ta s k s

file s .

fo r

m a te r ia l

th e fo llo w in g :
up

th e

s h e e ts to

c r e d it r a tin g

s e e th a t

o r ig in a l

of

m ake

d is t r ib u tin g o r d e r

o rd er;

o r m e r c h a n d is e

Q u o t in g p r 'c t s
c h e c k in g

r e s p e c t iv e

d ep a rtm e n ts

o f c u s to m e r,

th e y h a v e

been

to

p r ic e s

fille d ,

to

a c k n o w le d g e
keep

file

by

m a il,

phon e,

c u s to m e rs ;

and

be fille d .

of

M ay

p e r s o n a lly .

r e c e iv e d ,

it e m s

check

r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s

o f o rd ers

or

m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r

q u a n tit ie s

fro m

on

w it h

o rd er
c r e d it

c u s to m e rs ,

and ch e c k

s h ip p in g

o rd ers.

d is c o n t in u e d

P A Y R O L L
C o m p u tes

s h e e ts .
p o s tin g
days,
a s s is t

a c c o u n t in g .

N O TE :

of

id e n tifie d
r e q u ir e d

w o rk

a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .

w it h th e b o o k k e e p in g

n ot r e q u ir e d

and

filin g

ta s k s

lo c a te s

a n y c o m b in a t io n

up o rd e rs

in v o ic e s

r o u tin e

c le a r ly

c le r ic a l

in a s i m p l e

m a in t a in

th e

d e p a rtm e n t to

C L E R K ,

m e th o d s

r e c o r d in g

in v o lv e

fo llo w

lo c a te s

r e la t e d

O RD ER

lis tin g

s h e e t;

le d g e r s ;

m a th e m a tic a l

cod es;

c a lc u la t io n s ,

jo u r n a l

and

s y stem .
c le r ic a l

becom es
w o rk ,

such

c o n s is t e n c y ,

p r e s c r ib e d
ty p e s

p r e p a r in g

p r o c e s s in g

and

in te r n a l

v a r io u s

k n o w le d g e o f

w o r k e r ty p ic a lly
in

th e

a s s ig n in g

a ccu ra cy

ta s k s

re q u e s te d ,

re q u e s te d ,

A s

m ay

to

A s

p e rfo rm

P e rfo rm s

c la s s ifie d

n u m e r ic a l).

t e r ia l;

p a y a b le ,

M ay check o r

m a te r ia l.

e a s ily

o r

D u t ie s

one o r m o re

S o r ts , c o d e s , a n d f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P rep a res
s im p le r e la t e d in d e x an d

a c c o u n tin g

th e p a r t ic u la r

o f d e b it a n d

re p o rts,

b o o k k e e p in g .

expense

accu ra cy of

p r in c ip le s

m o re

d o c u m e n ts ;

m anual

a record

A C C O U N T IN G
P e rfo rm s

W ith

c le r ic a lly

am ong

F IL E

R e c e iv e s

and

o r

c h e c k in g

and

sheet

w h ic h

or

c le r ic a l

is

r e q u ir in g

and

of

e x a m p le ,

fo r

The

k n o w l­

hand.

C LE R K ,

sou rce

d e fin itio n s .

c le r ic a l

s e le c t in g

c la s s ific a tio n s ,

s u p e r v is io n ,

ca rd s,
in d ic a t e d ;

C la s s

(w it h

d e t e r m in e

fo llo w in g

c le r k s .

one

n ic a l

m a c h in e

to

U n d e r c lo s e

p e r fo r m s

c o m p u te s

in v o lv e

s a le s

a c tio n s

B .

and

ju d g m e n t,

th e

a c c o u n tin g

w it h o u t

c o lu m n s

D oes

ty p e s

or

r e c e iv a b le

a c c o u n ts

on c u s to m e rs '

num ber

and

th e

tr a n s a c t io n s ,

codes

of

tr a n s a c t io n s .

used.

in

e n try

fig u r e s

th e

a

b ills

O P E R A T O R

b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s ,

by

s im u lt a n e o u s

a c c u m u la te s

b o o k k e e p in g .

b u s in e s s

th e

U ses

c u s to m e rs '

a u to m a tic a lly

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

of

m a c h in e ).

p rep a re

b a s is

p e r fo r m s

and

a c c o u n tin g

c le a r ly

th e

e x p e r ie n c e

le d g e r s ,

b i l l b e in g

m a c h in e .

on

a c c o u n tin g

ced u res,

or
B ille r ,

a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd )

B

le v e ls

s u p e r v is io n ,

of

a c c o u n tin g

C la s s

in t o

gen era l

n o n r e p e t itiv e

a c c o u n tin g

in te r ­
of

c la s s ifie d

U n der

a p p lic a tio n

or

p r e s c r ib e d

ty p in g

o rd ers,

a p p lic a tio n

e x t e n s io n s ,

are

num ber o f

.p u r c h a s e

in v o lv e s

n ecessary
w h ic h

(c o m b in a t io n

are

A .

th e

p lic a te d

s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
th e

o n a m a c h in e

to

m em oran d u m s,

o p e r a tio n u s u a lly

is

as

m a c h in e ).

s h ip p in g

on

in v o ic e s

fo llo w s :

p rep a re

o rd ers,

d is c o u n ts

and

reco rd s

o p e r a tio n s .

as

(b illin g

b e c o m p u te d

p rep a red

b ills ,
keep

b illin g

A C C O U N T I N G — C o n tin u e d

c o lle c t in g

15

D u t ie s

w ages

in v o lv e :

c a lc u la t e d
t im e ,

ra te ,

p a y m a ster

d a ta

fo r

d a ta

of

on

p a y r o ll

d e d u c tio n s
in

com pany

C a lc u la tin g

m a k in g

c o m p to m eter

fo r
up

e m p lo y e e s

w o rk ers'
s h e e t,

s h o w in g

in s u r a n c e ,

and

and

d is t r ib u tin g

o p e ra to rs .

and

e a r n in g s

e n ters
b ased

th e
on

in fo r m a tio n
to ta l

pay

w ages

n ecessary
tim e

such
due.

e n v e lo p e s .

or
as

M ay

M ay

d a ta

on

p r o d u c t io n
w o r k e r 's
m ake

u se

a

out

th e

p a y r o ll

record s;

nam e,

c a lc u la t in g

and

w o r k in g

p aych ecks

and

m a c h in e .

16
K E Y P U N C H

O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s
t a b u la t in g

card s

a

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

keyp u n ch

o r

on

m a c h in e

to

reco rd

o r

v e r ify

a lp h a b e t ic

and/or

n u m e r ic

d a ta

N O T E :

on
th o s e

ta p e .

com pany
in
P o s itio n s

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is

o f

th e

fo llo w in g

The

o ffic ia ls

a ll

who

a c tiv itie s .

cases

te rm

"c o rp o ra te

h ave
The

id e n t ify

a

tit le

such

A .

to

be

k eyp u n ch ed
keypu n ch

W ork

r e q u ir e s

fo llo w e d

th e

in

a v a r ie ty

fro m

and

of

w o rk .

M ay

tr a in

a p p lic a tio n

s e a r c h in g
sou rce

of

fo r ,

e x p e r ie n c e

in te r p r e t in g ,

d o c u m e n ts .

in e x p e r ie n c e d

and

O n o c c a s io n

keyp u n ch

ju d g m e n t

s e le c t in g ,
m ay

in

o r

a ls o

s e le c t in g

c o d in g

p e rfo rm

p ro ce­

it e m s
som e

to

tru s t

"c o rp o r a te

fo r

o ffic e r s "

p roced u res
been

or

coded,

litt le

or

is

r o u t in e

in s t r u c tio n s ,

and

no

p r o b le m s

W o rk

fo llo w s

s e le c tin g ,

a r is in g

and

w o rk s

s p e c ifie d

c o d in g ,

fr o m

r e p e tit iv e .
fro m

o r

U n d er c lo s e

v a r io u s

p roced u res
ite m s

or

s u p e r v is io n

s ta n d a r d iz e d

w h ic h h a v e

in t e r p r e t in g

erro n eo u s

of

d a ta

codes

r o u tin e

C la s s

(O ffic e

B oy

o r

be

re co rd e d .

m is s in g

fo llo w in g

d o c u m e n ts

b ee n p r e s c r ib e d

to

or

sou rce

or

c h in e s

such

E x c lu d e

as

v a r io u s

in

w h ic h

d e t a il an d

R e fe r s

to

S e c re ta ry

o ver
2.

have
of

r e q u ir e

a

100

s e a le r s

p o s itio n s

o r m a ile r s ,

th a t

r e q u ir e

such

as

o p e n in g a n d

o p e r a tio n

of

a

r u n n in g

3.

m a il,

v e h ic le

as

o p e r a tin g

and
a

m in o r

o th e r m in o r

s ig n ific a n t

o ffic e

c le r ic a l

a ll,

m a­

r e s p o n s iv e
c e iv in g
d u tie s ,

r e la t io n s h ip

a m in im u m
u s u a lly

to

th e

d a y -to -d a y

o f d e t a ile d

in c lu d in g

w o rk

s u p e r v is io n

m ost

o f

th e

of

o n e in d iv id u a l.

th e

s u p e r v is o r .

a n d g u id a n c e .

M a in ta in s

2.

a c lo s e

W o rk s
v a r ie d

P e rfo rm s

fa ir ly

c le r ic a l

and

a

re ­

a.

R e c e iv e s
and

te le p h o n e

ro u tes

th a n

to

c a lle r s ,

th e

and

p ro p er

in c o m in g

m a il,

an sw ers

E s t a b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in ta in s

m a in t a in s ,

and

R e la y s

m essages

fro m

r e v is e s

th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's

and

m akes

s u p e r v is o r

to

to

R e v ie w s

s u p e r v i s o r 's
f.

w ork

s ig n a tu r e

P e rfo rm s

M ay
The

corresp on d en ce,

5.

a ls o

p ro gra m s,

and

a ssu re

s te n o g r a p h ic

p e rfo rm

ty p ic a lly

to

p ro ced u ra l

and

ty p in g

o th e r c le r ic a l and

r e q u ir e s

p roced u res

k n o w le d g e
r e la te d

to

of
th e

and

as

and

to

re p o rts

ty p o g r a p h ic

p rep a red

by

o th e rs

fo r

of

th e

o f

a

to

th e

h ead

s u p e r v is o r
or

o f

th e

a

in

u n d e r s ta n d in g

n a tu re
of

th e

of

of

p o s itio n s

w h ic h

are

e x c lu d e d

fro m

th e

d e fin itio n

are

th e

as

of

a

com pany

c h a ir m a n

th e

in

of

2 5 ,0 0 0

c o rp o ra te

a ll,

or

o ver

to b e

th a t

e m p lo y s ,

in

th e

b oa rd

o r p r e s id e n t)

p erson s; or
o ffic e r

2 5 ,0 0 0

p r e s id e n t

(o t h e r th a n

(e .g .,
or

of

th e

b e lo w

of

a

le v e l,

of

a

m a jo r

p erso n s.

com pany

c h a ir m a n

e m p lo y s ,

5 ,0 0 0

th e

m a r k e tin g ,

th a t

e m p lo y s ,

in

o ffic e r

segm en t

in

a ll,

of

th e

b oa rd

le v e l,

o ver

e ith e r

o p e r a tio n s ,

(e .g .,

o ver

o r p r e s id e n t)

p erson s; or

resea rch ,

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

an

in d iv id u a l

o ver

5 ,0 0 0

of

a la r g e

and

an

le v e l
are

a

1.
about

ra n ge

S e c re ta ry

C la s s

o r g a n iz a t io n ,

w h ic h

w id e

o ffic ia l)

a n d d iffic u lty .

s u p e r v is o r .

possess

b oa rd

a ll,

th a t

p la n t,

a

but

a

m a jo r

in d u s t r ia l

r e g io n a l

5 ,0 0 0

fa c to ry ,

p erso n s;

r e la -

h ea d q u a rte rs ;

fe w e r

th a n

2 5 ,0 0 0

e tc . (o r

segm en t

e m p lo y s ,

in

o th e r

e q u iv a le n t

le v e l

or

im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

com pany

th a t

to

above

c h a r a c te r is tic s .

in

h ead
in

of

tu rn ,

an

a ll,

th e

o fte n

a ll,

s eg m en t (e .g .,

in v o lv in g

over

p erso n

d e fin itio n

dozen

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

th e

2 5 ,0 0 0

as

m any

a m id d le

as

severa l

p erso n s.

fu rth e r

th a n

r e s p o n s ib ility

c la s s

and

is

in

In

o th e rs ,

p la n t,

5 ,0 0 0

B,

is

n o t e q u iv a le n t

but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l

u s u a lly d iv id e d

s u b d iv id e d .

e c h e lo n s ;

in d iv id u a l

fe w e r

w hose
fo r

e m p lo y e e s

som e

o n ly

fa c to ry ,

o r g a n iz a ­

(o r

th is

le v e l

o th e r e q u iv a le n t

one

e tc .

in to

c o m p a n ie s ,

le v e l

or

tw o ;

or

p erso n s.

D

or

30

to

S e c re ta ry

o ffic e r ,

th e

s u p e r v is o r

or

to

a

o r h ead

n o n s u p e r v is o r y

a s s is t a n t,
ra th e r

o f

a

s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

u n it

(e .g .,

fe w e r

th a n

or

p e r s o n s );

n o n s u p e r v is o r y

E x a m p le s

in

several

o ft e n ,

e m p lo y s ,

S e c re ta ry
25

o r m a n a g e r ia l

s itu a tio n s

le a s t

of

s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
"s e c re ta ry "

th e

100 b u t f e w e r th a n

th a t

an e x e c u tiv e

s p e c ific

s e g m e n ts

2.

tit le d

c o n s id e r e d

C

S e c r e ta r y to

one

t iv e
th a t a r e

p r e s id e n t

b e lo w

im m e d ia te ly

com pany

e m p lo y s ,

p erson s)

in c lu d e s

E x c lu s io n s
N o t a ll p o s itio n s

th e

o ver

a c tiv ity

tio n a l

th e

a ccu ra cy;

o f c o m p a r a b le

and

or

5, 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n

o ffic e r

h ead,

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d

2.

r o u t in e

o f

g e o g r a p h ic

at

o f

s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s

w o rk

not

d e fin itio n s .

in s tr u c te d ;

w o rk .

o ffic e

not

p er­

file s ;

a p p o in t m e n t s

s u b o r d in a t e s ;

m em o ran d u m s,

act

or

in a l l ,

th e

u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s
e.

does

to

o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;

or

im m e d ia t e ly

a c o rp o ra te

m a jo r

th a t

m anagem en t

1.
d.

s ta ff) a r e

le v e l

r o le ,
is

to

m a jo r

or

o ffic ia l)

r o u t in e

p erso n s;

c a le n d a r

s u p e r v i s o r 's

b oa rd

(o t h e r th a n

o ver

c h a ir m a n

fu n c t io n a l
a

S e c re ta ry

C la s s
th e

o r

d iv is io n )

h u n d red
b.

h ead,

p erson s;

to

S e c re ta ry
e tc .)

4.

p erson a l

in q u ir ie s

th e

to th e

100

S e c re ta ry

e m p lo y e e s ;

s e c r e ta r ia l

fo llo w in g :

c a lls ,

te c h n ic a l

a c le r ic a l

th is

lo a n

to

B

m a jo r

of

in q u ir e s ,

th e

p erso n s;

o ffic e r

in a l l ,

a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

tio n s ,

h ig h ly

in d e p e n d e n tly
and

of

5 ,0 0 0

a c o rp o ra te

to

S e c re ta ry

3.
n o r m a lly to

of

r e fe r s

re ga rd

r e s p o n s ib ility

d e n y in d iv id u a l

fo llo w in g

s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

c o r p o r a te - w id e
p erso n a l s e c re ta ry ,

in d ic a t iv e

p r im a r y

o r

fo llo w in g ,

w ith

w o rk .

S E C R E T A R Y
as

c h a ir m a n
th a n

to

S e c re ta ry

fe w e r

d u ty .
of

A s s ig n e d

th e

r o le

s u p e r v is o r

in fo r m a t io n .

erra n d s,

d is t r ib u tin g
m o to r

n o r m a lly

w hose

ap p rove

s u p e r v is e

a p p ly in g

to th e

S e c re ta ry

C la s s

d u tie s

d ir e c tly

fe w e r

but

c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

G ir l)

r o u t in e

(e .g .,

d e fin itio n s

s p e c ific

1.
P e rfo rm s

th o u g h

p r e s id e n ts

le v e l

A

segm en t or
M ESSEN G ER

th e

p o lic y m a k in g

o p e ra to rs .
1.

B .

V ic e

o f

in

be

a ll,
C la s s

p r e s id e n t,"

a c c o u n ts ;

p u rp oses

used

c o r p o r a te - w id e

o r t r a n s a c t io n s

a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
C la s s
d u res

"v ic e

p o s itio n s .

s o n a lly o n in d iv id u a l c a s e s

d e fin itio n s .

o ffic e r , "

s ig n ific a n t

s k ille d

th a n

s ta ff

s p e c ia lis t,

te c h n ic ia n

s e c r e ta r ie s

as

o r

p r o fe s s io n a l

e x p e rt.

d e s c r ib e d

(N O T E :

above,

to

e m p lo y e e ,
M any

th is

le v e l

a d m in is tr a ­

c o m p a n ie s
of

a s s ig n

w o r k e r .)

s u p e r v is o r y

or

fo llo w s :
S TE N O G R A PH E R

a.

P o s itio n s

b.

S te n o g ra p h e rs

w h ic h

not

do

not

c.

S te n o g ra p h e rs

s e r v in g

m eet

th e

tr a in e d

in

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

con cept

d e s c r ib e d

P r im a r y

above;
a ls o

fu lly

s e c r e ta r ia l

ty p e

ty p e

fr o m

d u tie s ;

fro m

v o ic e

O p e ra to r,
m a n a g e r ia l

as

o ffic e

a s s is t a n ts

to

a

grou p

of

p r o fe s s io n a l,

t e c h n ic a l,

S e c re ta ry

s u b s t a n tia lly m o r e

in

c o m p le x an d

w h ic h

th e

d u tie s

are

r e s p o n s ib le th a n th o s e

e ith e r

s u b s t a n tia lly

c h a r a c te r iz e d

m o re

r o u t in e

or

in

a

r e s p o n s ib le

T h is

jo b

c o n fid e n tia l
and

n ic a l,

A s s is t a n t

ty p e

a d m in is tr a tiv e ,

s e c r e ta r ia l




w o rk .

p o s itio n s

w h ic h

s u p e r v is o r y ,

or

in v o lv e

m o re

s p e c ia liz e d

d iffic u lt

c le r ic a l

ta k e

d ic t a tio n

M a y o p e ra te

is

u s in g
fro m

s h o rth a n d ,

and

a s te n o g r a p h ic

tr a n s c r ib in g

d is t in g u is h e d

r e la t io n s h ip

d is c r e tio n a r y

fro m

to

tr a n s c r ib e

p o o l.

M ay

r e c o r d in g s ,

th e d ic t a tio n .

M ay

o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e

see

T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e

ta s k s

fro m

w ith
as

th a t

o n ly

one

d e s c r ib e d

in

of

a

s e c re ta ry

m anager
th e

or

s e c re ta r y

in

th a t

e x e c u tiv e
jo b

a

s e c r e ta r y n o r m a lly
and

p e r fo r m s

m o re

d e fin itio n .

in th e d e fin it io n ;
S te n o g ra p h e r,

e.

to

copy.

G e n e r a l).

N O T E :

p o s itio n s

is

( i f p r im a r y d u ty is

or

p erso n s;
w o rk s

d.

d u ty

w r itte n

r e c o r d in g s

o r

m o re

d u tie s

w h ic h

r e s p o n s ib le
are

not

G en era l

te c h ­

t y p ic a l

D ic ta t io n

of
or

p e rfo rm

in v o lv e s

o th e r

a n o r m a l r o u t in e

r e la t iv e ly

r o u t in e

v o c a b u la r y .

c le r ic a l

ta s k s .

M a y m a in t a in

file s ,

keep

s im p le

reco rd s,

17
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d
S te n o g ra p h e r,
D ic ta t io n
o r

re p o rts

in v o lv e s

on

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

S e n io r

P o s itio n s

a

v a r ie d

s c ie n t ific

te c h n ic a l

research .

or

M ay

s p e c ia liz e d

a ls o

set

up

v o c a b u la r y

and

m a in t a in

such

as

file s ,

in

keep

le g a l

s ib ilit y

th a n

d egree
and

s te n o g r a p h ic
s te n o g ra p h e r,

o f s te n o g r a p h ic

o ffic e

d u res,

reco rd s,

C la s s

e tc .

d iffic u lt

file s ,

w o r k flo w ,

in c o m in g

S W IT C H B O A R D
C la s s

c a lls ,

a s s ig n m e n t .
of

such

if

c o m p o s in g

s im p le

a n s w e r in g

W ork

r e q u ir e s

o r g a n iz a t io n ,

p e r fo r m in g

a

p o lic ie s ,

s te n o g r a p h ic

a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r
g e n e r a l in s t r u c tio n s ;

d e s c r ib e d

o r

c o lle c t,
fo r

p ro ce­
and

re p o rts,

fu ll

te le p h o n e

oversea s,
s e r v ic e

fo r

or

s im ila r

o p e ra to r,
occu rs

f o r t e le p h o n e

and

s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
in fo r m a tio n

o ffic e

c a lls .

of

th e

o r

w hen

p la c in g

M ay

do

or

not

in

or

a

e s t a b lis h m e n t

p resen t

p u rp oses,
fre q u e n t

r o u tin e

s e r v ic e .

if

are

lo n g d is t a n c e

a c ts

d u tie s .

as

T h is

to

are

ty p in g

or

C

c a lls

s w itc h b o a r d

g iv in g

as

reco rd

in fo r m a tio n

are

e x t e n s io n

r e fe r r e d

o p e ra to rs

in

to

to lls .

te le p h o n e

a n o th e r

C la s s

C .

or

and

d u tie s

m ay

c le r ic a l

in v o lv e

r e p e tit iv e

p reter,

of

o p e r a to r on a s in g le - p o s itio n

w o rk

m ay

o r p e rfo rm

ta k e

(E le c tr ic

e x c lu d e d

E A M

a

v a r ie ty

o f m a c h in e s

r e p r o d u c in g

s o r te r,

A ls o

pun ch ,

e tc .

are

o p e ra to rs
and

in

in

in

or
th e

u se

of

a

in v o lv e

o p e r a tio n s
sequ ences

r e s p o n s ib ility

a

r e q u ir in g

v a r ie ty

m a c h in e

w ir in g

d e v is in g

t y p ic a lly

n o n r e c u r r in g ,

o p e r a tin g

th e

w h ic h

in c lu d in g

A s s ig n m e n t -

ir r e g u la r

or

m a­

tr a in in g

of

is

of
lo n g

and

lim it e d

to

b oa rd s.

in v o lv e

to

e s t a b lis h e d

c o m p le te

be

p ro ced u res

b u t r o u tin e

O p e ra te s

ta b u la t o r a n d

M ay

are

o p e r a tio n s ,1and

new

a c c o r d in g

m a c h in e

s p e c ific

th e

m o re

c a lc u la t o r ,

r e q u ir e d

to

do

and

d iffic u lt
in

a d d itio n

som e

and

u n der

r e c u r r in g

ta b u la t in g

w ir in g

to

th e

fr o m

s p e c ific

rep o rts
or

or

in ­

p a rts

e le c tr ic a l

s im p le r

ac­

m a c h in e s

d ia g r a m s .

M ay

tr a in

o p e r a tio n s .

w hen

o p e r a to r .)

c o m p a n ie s

in s t r u c t io n s ,

s o r te r,

p o r tio n s

o f

o p e r a tio n s .

who

P r im a r y
W ork ers

d u ty

o p e ra te s

in te r p r e t e r ,
a

w o rk

s im p le ta b u la t in g

r e p r o d u c in g

u n it ,

M a y p e rfo rm

le g a l
in

b r ie fs

or

is

to

fo r

p u n ch ,

e x a m p le ,

s im p le

w ir in g

in d iv id u a l

fr o m

or

e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g

c o lla to r ,

e tc .

s o r tin g

A s s ig n m e n t s

or

d ia g r a m s , an d d o

c o lla tin g

som e

filin g

ru n s,
w o rk .

on

M ay

d ic t a tio n

a ls o

ty p e

in v o lv in g

s c ie n tific

b y S te n o ty p e

G E N E R A L

tr a n s c r ib e

d ic t a tio n

re p o rts

s h o rth a n d o r

O P E R A T O R ,

reco rd s.

t r a n s c r ib in g

or

a

in v o lv in g

fr o m

v a r ie d

research

are

s i m i l a r m a c h in e

is

a

w r itte n

not

n o rm al
copy

te c h n ic a l

or

in c lu d e d .

c la s s ifie d

as

r o u t in e

and

do

A

v o c a b u la r y

s im p le

s p e c ia liz e d

c le r ic a l

v o c a b u la r y

w ork er

who

ta k e s

fro m
w o rk .

such

as

d ic t a tio n

a s te n o g ra p h e r.

T Y P IS T

tio n s

a ls o ty p e

O P E R A T O R

o r

of

d ia g r a m s

re p o rts.

a s th e

s u p e r v is io n .

p o s itio n s

p r e w ir e d
w o rk

such

as

th e

r o u t in e

m a jo r

o r m o n ito r - t y p e

c le r ic a l

p a rt

of

w o rk

th is

s w itc h ­

a s p a r t o f r e g u la r

w o r k e r 's

tim e

w h ile

have

r ia ls

fo r

as

u se

k e e p in g

at

a ty p e w r it e r to m a k e

been m a d e

o p e ra to rs

of

A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e

C la s s

E x c lu d e d

e le c t r o n ic

d ig ita l

fr o m

th is

c a lc u la t o r ,

d e fin itio n

c o m p u te rs ,

even

are

th o u g h

c o lla to r ,

w o r k in g
th e y

and

in te r ­

a ls o

e q u ip m e n t.

d ra fts ;

filin g

P e rfo rm s

in

la y o u t

or

m o re

of

or

w o rk

re p o rts,

o f

of

th e

o r

m o re

fo r m

of

th e

in s u r a n c e

c o m p le x ta b le s

to m a k e

in v o lv in g

fo llo w in g :
p o lic ie s ,

a lr e a d y

or

tr a in in g ,

fin a l

such

w hen

s p e llin g ,

la n g u a g e

m a te ­

u n ifo r m ity

s u it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

fr o m

s e t tin g

spaced

m a il.

fo r m

correct

m a in t a in

to

ty p in g
o r

s et up and

to

d e t a ils

C opy

in
fo r

fo r e ig n

t a b le s

e tc .;

c a lc u la ­

s im ila r m a te ­

s p e c ia l

m a te r ia l

w o rd s

v a r y in g

a fte r

or

d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g

r e s p o n s ib ility

s t a t is t ic a l

b ills

m a ts ,

litt le

and

T y p in g

u n u su al

le tte r s ,

out

s te n c ils ,

s o r tin g

fo llo w in g :
or

or

of

s o u r c e s ;- o r

c o m p lic a t e d

r o u tin e

fo r m s ,

ta b u la t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e

c le r ic a l

te c h n ic a l

t y p in g

one

t y p in g

ty p in g

several

of

m a te r ia ls

in c lu d e

and

fr o m

M a y ty p e

P e rfo rm s

r o u tin e

v a r io u s

M ay do

e tc .,

and

s p a c in g .

B .

or

of

M ay

record s

one

p u n c tu a tio n ,

p la n n in g

C la s s

o p e ra te

p rocesses.

c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l

b a la n c e

s u p e r v is o r s .

m ay

or

c o p ie s

a n o th e r p e r s o n .

reco rd s,

A .

in v o lv e s

r ia l;

O p e ra to r)

s u ch a s th e ta b u la t o r ,

by

in d u p lic a t in g

s im p le

s y lla b ic a tio n ,

one

tr a in in g
fr o m

ty p ic a lly

b a s ic

tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e

it

O p e ra te s

in

c o m p le x

U n der

such

ty p ic a lly

s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

d e fin itio n s .

a s s ig n m e n t s

to

s e r v ic e

n u m b ers

te le p h o n e

O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

ta b u la t in g

o ft e n

s e q u e n c in g

in c lu d e

o p e ra to rs .
in

w h ic h

w ir in g

o f

and

gen era l

and

not

P e rfo rm s
m o re

e m p lo y e e s

m a c h in e s

becau se

p r o b le m s

r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r
e .g .,

M a c h in e

o f th e fo llo w in g

c a lls .

p e r fo r m in g

r e c e p tio n is t

in

A s s ig n m e n t s
and

u n d er

in v o lv e d

in s e r t io n

m a c h in e s

to

h as v a r ie d

e .g .,

and

b a s is

r e p o r t in g

re p o rts

n a tu re

D oes

c la s s

by

n ew

fu ll- tim e

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d i t i o n
b oa rd ,

th e

o p e ra to rs

B .

la r g e r

h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,

c a lls

( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e

r o u t in e ,

c o m p le x

in c lu d e

s w itc K b o a r d

A c c o u n tin g

o n th e

h a n d le s

a d d itio n

as

le v e ls

c o m p le te

w ir in g

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

h a n d le

re q u e s ts

fu r n is h e d ,

or

c a lls .)

in fo r m a tio n

th e

th e

e ith e r

B,

in fo r m a tio n

c o n s e q u e n tly

e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d

if

c a lls ,

c la s s

s e r v ic e

(E le c tr ic

in to

c o m p le x

ty p ic a l)y

s tr u c t io n s .

U ses
S W IT C H B O A R D

of

and

C la s s

r e a d in g an d

and

re p o rts.

s e le c t io n

of

te le p h o n e

s w itc h b o a r d

fu n c tio n s ,

te le p h o n e

are

Is
le v e l

c o m p le x

e tc .

a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n t e le p h o n e

c la s s ific a tio n s
in

P e r fo r m s

in fo r m a tio n

a p p r o p r ia te

p u rp oses,

c u s to m e rs

c a lls .

in t e r r e la t e d

lim it e d

p la n n in g

lo w e r

pan el

lo n g

c o u n tin g

te le p h o n e

are

of

c h in e s .

h ig h

d u tie s

file s ;

q u e s tio n s ,

som e

resp o n ­

o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s

fr o m

le tte r s

r o u t in e

fo llo w in g :

and

P e rfo rm s

used

O p e ra te s

nam es

These

s u c h a s m a in t a in in g fo llo w u p

o ffic e

th e fu n c t io n s

s p e c ific

in

a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s it io n

as

in tr a p la n t

in fo r m a tio n

a s s is t

or

B .

M a y p e rfo rm
occu rs

th e

in d e p e n d e n c e

w o r k in g k n o w le d g e

o p e r a tio n s ;

k n o w le d g e

n o t r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le

e x t e n s io n s

o u tg o in g ,

by

a th o ro u g h

b u s in e s s

t h is

as c o n fe r e n c e ,

("F u ll"

th a t a r e

C la s s

s p e c ific

U ses

and

or

w o rk

o v e r la p p in g

w h ic h

m a il;

O p e ra te s

r o u t in e

fu n c t io n s

th e

e tc .

le tte r s ;

in tr a p la n t

c o m p le x

a ccu ra cy:

gre a ter

O P E R A T O R
A .

o u t g o in g ,
d o in g

and

e v id e n c e d

and

of

c le r ic a l ta s k s

m em o ran d u m s,
r o u tin g

and

as

s ig n ific a n t ly

A .

co n tro l

v a r ie ty

r e q u ir in g

g e n e r a l,

speed

p ro ced u re:

r e s p o n s ib le

d u tie s

O P E R A T O R

c la s s ifie d

b r ie fs

OR
P e rfo rm s

are

up

rou g h
s im p le

or

c le a r

s ta n d a rd

p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M PU TE R

to o p e r a tin g
S t u d ie s
ite m s
and
to

and o p e ra te s

in s t r u c t io n s ,

in s t r u c tio n s
(ta p e

to

r e e ls ,

o p e ra te s

s p e c ia l

C O M PU TE R

O P E R A TO R

M o n it o r s

s u p e r v is o r

u s u a lly

d e t e r m in e

ca rd s,

c o m p u te r;

c o n d itio n s ;

th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le

e tc .):

m akes

r e v ie w s

p rep ared

o r p rogram er;

by a p ro gra m er.

e q u ip m e n t
s w itc h e s

s etu p

and

m ade

and

n ecessary

a d ju s tm e n ts to

e rro rs

o f a d ig ita l

a u x ilia r y

c o m p u te r

to

o p e r a tin g

d a ta

W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f

o p e r a tio n s ;

d u r in g o p e r a t io n

m a in t a in s

c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s
lo a d s

e q u ip m e n t

correct

reco rd s.

in to

o p e r a tin g

an d d e t e r m in e s
M ay

te s t

m a jo r

change

r e q u ir e d

tio n s ,

d ia g n o s e s

w ith

c ir c u it,

and

p r o b le m s

cause o r
and

of

fo llo w in g :

th e

e q u ip m e n t

in

s ta r ts

and

r e fe r s

a s s is t

O P E R A T O R —

a c c o r d in g

new

p ro gra m s

p rogra m ed

C la s s
p rogra m s
and
th e
g iv e

A .

O p e ra te s

w it h

m ost

in tr o d u c e d ;
p rogra m s

w o r k in g

p u rp o ses,

in d e p e n d e n t ly ,

of

th e

s c h e d u lin g

are

of

k n o w le d g e

d ir e c tio n

and

fo llo w in g

th e

to ta l

g u id a n c e

o p e ra to rs

or

to

d e s ig n

u n d er
are

so

th a t

p rogram ,

and

lo w e r

are

o n ly

c la s s ifie d

g en era l

c h a r a c te r is tic s :

r e q u ir e m e n ts

c o m p le x

of

c o m p u te r

le v e l

of

N ew

c r itic a l

c o r r e c tin g

d ir e c tio n ,

p ro gra m s
of

e rro r

p rogra m s

a

th e

to

m in im iz e

not

o ft e n

be

w o r k in g

te s te d

r e q u ir e s

a v a ila b le .

M ay

a

M ay

in s t r u c tio n s
C .

C la s s
p r o d u c t io n

B .
w it h

O p e ra te s
m ost

ru n s,

of

in d e p e n d e n tly ,
th e

ty p ic a lly




fo llo w in g
ru n

on

a

or

u n d er

o n ly

c h a r a c te r is tic s :
r e g u la r ly

gen era l

d ir e c tio n ,

M ost

th e

r e c u r r in g

of

b a s is ;

a

c o m p u te r

p rogra m s

th e re

is

are

litt le

o r

r u n n in g

e s t a b lis h e d
no

te s tin g

W o rk s

k n o w le d g e

r u n n in g r o u t in e

d o w n tim e ;

o p e ra to rs .

u n d er d ir e c t

p e r fo r m in g

a s s is t

w it h in

c o r r e c tiv e

o r

u s in g

are
a

p r o v id e d

in

r e a s o n a b le

a c tio n .

s ta n d a rd

C O M PU TE R

a

sequ ence

p r o c e s s in g
s tr u c t io n s

o f

and

T h is

case

t im e .

u s u a lly

c o r r e c tio n

w ith

r o u tin e

c o m p u te r

s ta te m e n ts

d e t a ile d

e q u ip m e n t.

c la s s

ta s k s

fr e q u e n t

on

le v e l

a c o m p u te r

fo r

d iffic u lt

th e

P R O G R A M E R ,

of

s u p e r v is io n

d e s c r ib e d

le s s

p ro gram s.

h ig h e r

C o n verts
p rogra m s

p ro gra m s

c o r re c te d
ta k e s

s te p s ,

c h a r a c te r is tic s

C la s s

r u n n in g

fr e q u e n tly

sou rce

m ay

d e t a ile d

c o m p u te r

are

c o r r e c tiv e

O p e ra te s

fo llo w s :

im p o r t a n c e

id e n tific a tio n
a lt e r n a te

as

a lt e r n a te

be

and

o r ig in a l
In

p ro gram

com m on

in v o lv e s

erro r

a p p ly in g

n eeds
s itu a ­

p r e v io u s ly

t e c h n iq u e s .

OR

p e n d e n tly
s tu d y

cannot
cause

m eet

w it h
w age

or

p r o b le m

p ro gra m .
F o r

C o n tin u e d

r e q u ir e d ;

r u n n in g p r o g r a m s

M ay

r e v ie w

p rogra m s

U s u a lly

o p e ra to r

A .

of

has

u n der

r e c e iv e d

and

a

c lo s e
and

som e

or

h ig h e r

p e r fo r m in g

o p e r a tio n s

e q u ip m e n t u s e d
on

a s s is t

a s s ig n e d ,

s e g m e n ts

le v e l

s u p e r v is io n .

fo r m a l

ty p ic a lly

by

in d e ­

fo llo w in g

Is

d etec t

tr a in in g

in

e x p e cted
p r o b le m s

to d e v e lo p
in v o lv e d

in

c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .

p ro gra m s.

p r o b le m s ,

ta s k s

p e r fo r m e d .

a b ilit y to

c o m p le x

o f p rogra m s

o p e ra to r

d iffic u lt

B U S IN E S S
of

b u s in e s s

in s t r u c tio n s
W o r k in g

w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d

w h ic h

fro m
in to th e

are

c h a rts

r e q u ir e d

or

c o m p u te r

to

d ia g r a m s ,
s y stem

p rep a red

s o lv e
th e

th e

by a s y stem s

p r o b le m s

by

p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s

in c o d e d la n g u a g e ,

a n a ly s t ,

a u to m a tic
th e p r e c is e

in to
d a ta
in ­

c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n

18
C O M PU TE R
of

d a ta

to

a c h ie v e

c o m p u te r

to

a n a ly z e

p rogram

c o n v e rts
p rep ares

w r ite s

c h a rts

to

in s t r u c tio n s

p ro gra m s

to

fo r

in c r e a s e

o th e r

e le c tr o n ic

F o r

c la s s ifie d

d a ta

C la s s
gra m s

and

in

th e

c h a rts

A t
A

w id e

such

le v e l,

fo r m

p rocess
and

end

e x t e n s iv e

d a ta

on

are

is

w ill

be

s k ill

fo r

r e v ie w s ,

to

p r im a r ily

record s

a n a ly s is

d e t e r m in e

m anagem en t

or

con cern ed

tio n s

th e ir

w it h

s im p le

d a ta

be

c o n c e p ts

p a y .)

W o rk s

d e s ir e d

r e s u lts ,

v a r io u s

n eeded

s te p s

to

on

c o m p le x p r o b le m s

m a jo r

of

th e

e ffic ie n tly

W o r k in g

p r o c e s s in g

p r o b le m

u t iliz e

s te p s

to

c o m p u te r

p ro d u cts

fr o m

of

com m on

o p e r a tio n s

a d ju s tm e n ts

s u b s ta n tia l

to

e q u ip m e n t

n u m ero u s

d a ta

be

o r g a n iz e d

d a ta

can

w hen

be

reu sed ,

le s s

or

to

by

d a ta

le v e l

un der

o n ly

c o m p le x
in

tw o

r e fin in g ,

w h ic h
been

p ro gra m

and

c la s s

of

d a ta

of

of

are
a

o r

th re e

r e a d ily
in

gen era l

exceed

or

a v a ila b le .
a c tio n s

r o u t in e

fe w

sequ ences

a r r a y in g ,

checks.

th a t

a s s is t .

s e g m e n ts )

m in o r

n u m ero u s

th e

T y p ic a lly ,

th e

and

to

p rogra m s

(a s

fo r

c la s s

h ig h e r

A )

u n d er c lo s e

le v e l

p e r fo r m in g

p ro gra m er

m o re

d iffic u lt

d ir e c tio n
by

g u id e

le a r n e d

or

C.

in

in s t r u c t

M akes

fo r m a l

tr a in in g

a p p lic a tio n

of

a s p e c ts

a s s ig n m e n t s ;

o f

r e q u ir e d

s ta n d a rd

SYSTE M S

A n a ly z e s
d a ta p r o c e s s in g
A n a ly z e s
a c h ie v e

be

used;

d a ta

flo w

n ew

and

s ifie d

as

and

A s s ig n m e n t s
to

w o rk

is

r o u t in e

are

d e s ig n e d

p r o b le m s .

r e v ie w e d

to

to

its

c o n c e p ts

d e v e lo p

R e c e iv e s

v e r ify

and

accu ra cy

s u p e r v is io n

and

in
on

o u t lin e s
to

D e v e lo p s

r e q u ir e d

to

c h a r ts );

c o o r d in a t e s
s y stem s;

(N O T E :

s y stem s

and

W ork ers

a n a ly s t s

if

fo r

th e

d e s c r ip t io n

a u to m a te d
num ber
by

d e v e lo p m e n t

reco m m en d s

and

of

te s t

in v o lv e s

c o m p u te rs

th is

in v o lv e s

sy stem s

and

th is

s k ill

used

to

a n a ly s is

and

d e t e r m in e

and

file s ,
in

p a r t ic ip a t e s
m ore

by

s c ie n t ific

in c lu d e

e le c t r o n ic
or

e n a b le

p u rp o ses,

e m p lo y e e s ,

r e s p o n s ib le

fo r

o r ^ s y stem s

th e

r e q u ir e d

in

to

d e t a il

fo r

w o rk

o f

a ll

in p u t d a t a
p r o d u c t io n




A .

s tu d y
W ork s

phases

o f s y stem s

an d m u ltip le - u s e
s c h e d u lin g ,

s y stem s
or

a n a ly s t s

u n d e r o n ly

a n a ly s is .

P r o b le m s

r e q u ir e m e n ts

in v e n to ry

c o n t r o l,

are

c la s s ifie d

gen era l
are

c o m p le x

o f o u tp u t d a ta .
cost

a n a ly s is ,

as

d ir e c tio n

(F o r
and

fo r

o b ta in in g
who

to
if

e q u ip m e n t.

are

a s s ig n e d

to

d ir e c tio n

o p e ra te .
and

on

th e

o u tp u t

d e p o s it o r

or

p r o b le m s

P r o b le m s

p erso n s

d a ta

are

lim it e d

are

c lo s e ly

in

a

in v e n to r y

con cern ed

on

th a t

of

a c c o u n ts

m a in ta in in g

w ith

are

bank,

a c c o u n ts

to d e t e r m in e

th e im p lic a tio n s

of

th e

fo r

th e

by

th e

sy stem ,

d e s c r ib e d

ju d g m e n t,

fo r

and

g u id a n c e

c o m p lia n c e

o u t a n a ly s e s
and

th e

as

expan d

s y stem s

h ig h e r

as

in s t r u c t io n

w ith

in ­

s y stem .

d e v e lo p
fo r

p r e p a r in g

by

of

o v e r a ll

c a r r y in g

to

r e q u ir e d

or

r e c e iv e s

a ccu ra cy

w it h

a n a ly s t

sch em e
and

w o rk .

u s u a lly

e x p e r ie n c e

F or

e x a m p le ,

s p e c ific a tio n s

d e t a ile d

le v e l

a s s ig n e d ,

p r a c tic a l

a n a ly s is

r e q u ir e d

a n a ly s t.

and

or

of

fo r

con vey

in

n eeded

tra n s p o s e s
a d v ic e

on

w hen

of

to

u n it s

be

C o m p le t e d

th a t

used.

r e q u ir e

D u t ie s

w it h

d r a w in g s
m a n u a ls

used,

w ork

is

M ay

th e

a p p li­

ty p ic a lly

ir r e g u la r

in ­

shapes,

p rep ares

of
in

a r c h i­

fo u n d a tio n s ,

w a ll

m a k in g

n ecessary

c a p a c itie s ,

lo a d

and

th e

com ­

d e t e r m in a tio n s .

c o m p o n en ts;

and

o r p a rts

o f d r a w in g s

s c a le )

and

s tre n g th s ,

a d v ic e

s o u rc e m a te r ia ls

fr o m

g iv e n

W o rk

in itia l
be

to

s u p e r v is o r .

c o n s tr u c t io n ,

is o m e t r ic
c la r ify

fro m

m e th o d s

w ith

m ay

e n g in e e r in g ,

in c lu d e

v ie w s

d e t a ils

S u g g e s te d

are

recu r.

fo r

p rep a red

s e c tio n a l

C o n s o lid a t e s

r e q u ir e d .

a s s ig n m e n t s

a s s ig n m e n t s

b etw e en

sup­

of

d ra fts m e n .

s u b a s s e m b lie s

r e q u ir e m e n ts ,

s in g le

Types

as

le v e l

d e s ig n

c lo s e

A n a ly z e s

adequ acy.

in fo r m a tio n .

s c a le

e n g in e e r in g

fo r m u la s

in

r e la t io n s h ip s

a s s is t a n c e .

r e g u la r ly

d is t in c tiv e

W o rk s

chan ges.

p o s itio n a l

in c lu d in g d e t a il

in s t r u c tio n s ,

a c c u ra te

of

h a v in g

d e s ig n

lo w e r

d r a ftin g

m a te r ia ls

t e c h n ic a l

p u rp oses.

by

r e la t io n s h ip s

o f

d e t a il d r a w in g s

r e p a ir

p r io r

te c h n iq u e s

d r a w in g s

a c c e p te d

q u a n tit ie s
in itia l

w it h

a b u ild in g

U ses

and

s u p e r v is o r y

c o m p le x

d r a w in g

p o s itio n a l

r o o f.

fu n c t io n ,
o f

ite m s

p re c e d e n ts .

m in o r

p r e p a r a tio n

w o r k in g

p r e c is e
and

d im e n s io n s

and

th e ir

n o n r o u tin e a n d

checked

c o m p le te

fo r m ,

c o n s is t e n c y

c o n s tr u c t io n

c o m p le x
d r a ftin g

recom m en d

m in im u m

fo r

of

e s t a b lis h e d
m ay
of

d ir e c t

P rep a res

P rep a res
o r

a

s ta n d a r d iz e d

fo r

is

th re e

le s s

or

R e c e iv e s

w ork

and

w it h

d e t e r m in e

e tc .

p r e s e n t a t io n
fro rti

a

of

p r o je c tio n s

p o s itio n in g

num ber

of

a p p roa ch ,

a s s ig n m e n t s .

s p o t-c h e c k e d

of

sou rces

a p p lic a b le

In s tr u c t io n s

d u r in g

p ro gress.

D R A F T S M A N - T R A C E R

tr ia l

s h o u ld

C o p ie s

and

d r a w in g s

and

d r a w in g s

tr a c in g

w ith

pen

of

s tr a ig h t

lin e s

c o n s is t in g

p la n s

o r

and

a

p rep a red

p e n c il.
la r g e

ru n s

of

o v e r a ll
be

c la s ­

by

o th e rs

(D o e s

s c a le

not

not

by

p la c in g

in c lu d e

tr a c in g

tr a c in g

r e q u ir in g

c lo s e

c lo t h

or

to

p la n s

lim ite d

pap er

over

p r im a r ily

d e lin e a tio n .)

AN D /O R
P rep a res
d u r in g

s im p le

or

r e p e tit iv e

d r a w in g s

of

e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

it e m s .

W o rk

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

p ro gress.

p a y .)

p r im a r ily

or

s u p e r v is io n

con cern ed

w ith

e x a m p le ,

c o m p le x
of

p r o b le m s

d iv e r s e

d e v e lo p s

a n a ly s is

sou rces

of

th e

a n in t e g r a t e d

reco rd

in w h ic h

th e

p e r t a in in g
a

tu n in g ,

to

o p e r a tio n ,

v a r ie ty

v a r io u s

of

is

ty p e s

o p e r a tio n s :

p e rfo rm a n c e

W ork
th e

on

fo llo w in g

in ­
of

T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s

c a lib r a t in g ,

fo llo w s :
on

becau se
s a le s

th e

p la n s ,

and

r e q u ir e

in d e p e n d e n tly

C o n fe r s

d e s ig n e d

and

e ffe c tiv e

m anagem en t

a n a ly s t s

and

th e im p lic a ­

r e c o m m e n d a tio n s ,

a n a ly s ts

m a in t a in in g

s u p e r v is io n ,

d e t a ils

o r ig in a t o r

as:

to

C .

th e

W o rk s

of

flo o r

a d ju s ts

on

P e r fo r m s

w o rk

c o m p o n en ts

fo llo w in g :

p r o b le m s .

w age

F or

p r im a r ily

p r o c e s s in g

e n g in e e r in g

C la s s
v o lv in g

d a ta

e m p lo y e e s

and

p r o c e s s in g

d e v e lo p e d

g r a p h ic

d r a w in g s ,

m ost

(d e p ic t in g

th e

d e s ig n

B .

o f

such

E L E C T R O N IC S
o th e r

not

gen era l

a s s ig n m e n t s

s k ills

sy stem s

o r ig in a t o r ,

change

m a n u fa c t u r in g ,

w it h

d o c u m e n ts

s u ffic ie n t

p r o g r a m in g

t h e ir

th e

p r e p a r a tio n

o b t a in

to

c r ite r ia
and

record s

con cern ed

o f e le c tr o n ic

n eeded

m ost of

c o n d itio n s

reco rd s,

and

by use

s p e c ific a tio n s

chan ges

b oth

to

of

p r o b le m s

e q u ip m e n t

p e r fo r m in g
th e

a ll

W o rk

ty p e s

(ty p ic a lly

of

s o lv in g th e m

id e n tifie s

and

p erso n n el

p r o g r a m in g

is

fo r

c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .

to b e

p e r fo r m e d

and

p ro ced u res

d a ta

are

and

s ig n ific a n tly

fu n c t io n s ,

are

a c o m p le te

s p e c ifie s

be

m anagem en t

r e v is e d

D oes
of

P la n s

p a rts.

p re c e d e n ts ,

fo r m u la te

d ig ita l

o p e r a tio n s
r e s u lts ;

a c tio n s

to

and

sy stem s

h om ogen eou s

fo r

r e v ie w e d

in fo r m a t io n

d e s ig n

p rep are

C la s s

th e
new

c o n fo r m a n c e

le v e l

fr o m

d r a w in g s

u s u a lly

c o m p e te n c e

c lo s e

chan ges

e s t a b lis h m e n t,

a lin e m e n t

A s s ig n m e n t s

d iffe r

and

s tre s s e s ,
p r a c tic e s

o f

p erson s

M akes

s u b je c t- m a tte r p e r s o n n e l

r o u t in e
is

p ro ced u res

h ig h e r

each

s e c tio n s ,

B U S IN E S S

p r o b le m s

e q u ip m e n t.

to p r e p a r e

o p e r a tio n s .

cou rses.

p ro ced u res

A N A L Y S T ,

s a tis fa c to r y

p r e s e n t a t io n

a

C o m p le t e d

p r o g r a m in g

on

u n d er im m e d ia te

of

te c tu ra l

p rogram ers.
of

in s u r e

W o rk s

and

b u s in e s s

s u b je c t- m a tt e r

to

le v e l

a p p lic a tio n s

to

m u ltip le

p er­
c lo s e

p roced u res.

C O M PU TE R

p ro gram ers

lo w e r

p r a c tic a l

o n ly

are

a d v is e s

c o m p le x

in d e p e n d e n tly

a c tiv ity .

c o m p u ta t io n s

C la s s

a

A .

r e v ie w e d
e ith e r

o f a h ig h e r

u n d er fa ir ly

sy stem

w it h

a p p lie d .

W ork

th e

of

p o n e n ts

w ith

in d e p e n d e n tly

ta s k s

of

d a ta

sy stem s

p rop er

th a t

w it h

v o lv e

a s s is t

le v e l

e s t a b lis h m e n t.)

and

a segm en t

C .

C la s s

and

o r

p ro gram ,

in a r e t a i l

a s s ig n m e n t s .

a s s is t

c a tio n

d e s c r ib e d

M ay

a s s ig n e d ,

p r o b le m s

u nder

p la n ,

in p u t

be

p ro gra m ers

o p e r a tio n s .

ta s k s

of

d e v e lo p s

r e c e iv a b le

to

a p p lic a tio n

e ffe c t

be

d e a ls

sou rces

and

C la s s

s e q u e n c in g

p ro gra m

or

a n a ly z e ,

s y stem s

W o rk s

fe a tu r e s

or

m ay

reco rd s

accu ra cy

to

e x a m p le ,

on

s in g le

p ort

R e p o rts

a d d itio n s

lo w e r

fu ll

o p e r a tio n s .

in s t a lla tio n s

to

th e

C o n fe r s

s u b je c t- m a tt e r p e r s o n n e l on

p r o c e s s in g

s y stem s

d ir e c tio n

th ro u g h

c o m p u te r .)

a d v is e s

D R A FTS M A N

u s u a lly

fo r m a ts .

a

by

s im p le

o r

m a k in g

W h ile

so

to

r e la t iv e ly

(o r

m a jo r

d a ta

in d e p e n d e n tly

a c c o u n ts

c o m p le x

m ay

e le m e n ts

a s s ig n e d

on

P ro gra m s

v a r ie d

p r io r

who are

d ir e c tio n

A .

in th e

d ir e c tio n .
M ay

becau se

C la s s

r e q u ir e s

r e q u ir e m e n ts

W ork s

(F o r

s tr u c t io n s ,

to

e s t a b lis h m e n t

r e s e q u e n c in g

p ro gram ers

p rogram s.

a d a p tin g ,

r e fin e d

u s in g

ty p e

lo w e r

o r
o f

s u p e r v is o r .

d iffic u lt

B .

W o rk s

e le m e n ts .

T h is

of

of

p rocessed
b y th e

and

OR

s ystem

m u st

s y stem s

u n c o m p lic a te d

p r o c e s s in g

r o u t in e ;

d iv e r s e

in itia te d

p r o b le m s

be

s o lv in g

a c tio n s m ifs t o c c u r .

w h ic h

m a n ip u la tio n

and

are

a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le

d a ta

d ia ­

c o m p u te r

th e

a u to m a tic a lly

fu n c tio n a l

th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g

w h ic h

fro m

is

a c tio n s

r e v is e d

p r o v id e

r e la t e d .
in

p r a c tic e s .

ty p e

ap p ro va l

c o m p le x ity

s c ie n tific

on

d ir e c tio n

by

on c o m p le x

p ro gram er

fo r m in g

or

fo r

C la s s

OR

le v e l

new

r e la t iv e ly

of

fo llo w s :

and

each

fo llo w u p

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

a s s is t .

p ro gra m .

d a ta

te s te d

as

g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n

becau se

d iv e r s e

s e g m e n ts

have

r e c o r d - k e e p in g

c la s s ifie d

n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g

p rod u ce

in p u t

th e

are

b etw e en

in d e p e n d e n tly

to

o f

A N A L Y S T ,

th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g

M ay

of

and p r o ­

s u p e r v is io n

of

n eeded,

an d a lte r s

m a in t a in s

ite m

d e t e r m in e

p rogra m s;

s y stem s

used

th e

every

a p p r o p r ia te

p rocessed ;

ru n ; a n a ly z e s ,

th e

of

sequ ence

c o r re c ts

and

r e q u ir e m e n ts ;

p ro gra m ers

n a tu re o f

d iffic u lt

and

p rod u ced

fro m
can

or

a c tio n s

o p e r a tio n s ,

W ork s

in fo r m a t io n

r o u tin e

is

d e v e lo p m e n t

b etw e en

or

th e

but

fu n c t io n a l

p rocessed ,

th is

d a ta

te s ts

b o th

k n o w le d g e

s u b je c t m a t t e r

d e v e lo p s

p ro d u cts.

p r o g r a m in g

and

B.

d e le tio n s
of

id e n t ify

c a p a c ity ,

lis tin g s

if

w h ic h

fo llo w ;

n ew

A p p lie s

p a r t ic u la r

in

p e r fo r m in g

p r o g r a m in g

r e la t io n s h ip s

in te g r a te d

p ro gram s,

to

u n d e r o n ly

of

p r o g r a m in g

h ig h ly

C la s s

to

and

p ro gra m ed ;

o rd er

r e s p o n s ib le

p ro gram ers

phases

p r o v id e

M ay

a n a ly s t s

fo llo w in g :
be

p r o d u c t io n

adapt

p r im a r ily

th e
to

SYSTE M S

m a in ta in in g

s to ra g e
a

of

c o m p u te rs ,

show

W ork ers

e m p lo y e e s ,

in te r r e la te d

as

p o in t s

c o m p u te r
to

o f

v a r ie ty

lin k a g e

w h ic h
th e

several

a c tio n s

s y stem s

a ll

and

d e s ir e d

th is

p rod u ce

by

m a c h in e

o r

in d e p e n d e n tly o r
in

ra n ge

a c h ie v in g

as

e m p lo y e e s

W o rk s

fu ll

m ost
p r o b le m

to

fo r

(N O T E :

p u rp o ses,

c o m p e te n c e

a c c o m p lis h e d ,
p la n s

th e

c h a rts

e ffic ie n c y

p r o c e s s in g

s tu d y

A .

flo w

of

p r o b le m s .

w age

r e q u ir e

e m p lo y e d

r e v is io n s .

in c lu d e

e n g in e e r in g

in v o lv e s

lo g ic

o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g

s h o u ld

and/or

C O M PU TE R

W o rk

in s t r u c tio n s

o p e r a tin g

g r a m in g

not

C o n tin u e d

d ia g r a m s

d e t a ile d

d e v e lo p m e n t an d
be

and

coded

p rogram

D oes

r e s u lts .

m a th e m a tic s ,

c h a rts

s te p s ;

th e s e

B U S IN E S S —

d e s ir e d

c a p a b ilitie s ,

in v o lv e d
of

PR O G R A M E R ,

and

of

o f

and

gen era l

r e la t io n s h ip ,
com pon en t

e le c t r o n ic
or

a ll

e q u ip m e n t

in s t a llin g ,
of

th e

or

s y stem s

r e p a ir in g ,

fo llo w in g

and

ta s k s :

by

p e r fo r m in g

o v e r h a u lin g .
A s s e m b lin g ,

one

These
te s tin g ,

or

m ore

o p e r a tio n s
a d ju s tin g ,

a lin in g .

n o n r e p e t itiv e

th e ’ is e

of

M o d ify in g ,
m ost

and

p a rts.

r e q u ir e s

and

a k n o w le d g e

s p e c ia liz e d

a lin e m e n t o f

of

e le c tr o n ic

e le c t r o n ic

th e t h e o r y
te s t

s y stem s,

and

e q u ip m e n t;

p r a c tic e
tr o u b le

s u b s y s te m s ,

of

e le c tr o n ic s

a n a ly s is ;

and c ir c u its

and

h a v in g

19
E L E C T R O N IC S

N U RSE ,

T E C H N I C I A N — C o n tin u e d

E le c tr o n ic
G ro u n d ,

v e h ic le ,

a ir b o r n e

or

e q u ip m e n t o r

or

gro u n d

a ir b o r n e

ra d a r

s y stem s

r a d io

s y stem s;

tr o n ic c o m p u te rs ;
m is s ile
m e a s u r in g ,
in d ic a t in g a n d

w o rk ed

on t y p ic a lly

c o m m u n ic a tio n s

r a d io

and

s y stem s,

te le v is io n

a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e
c o n t r o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc .

in c lu d e

one o r m o re

r e la y

tr a n s m ittin g

and

co n tro l

o f th e

sy stem s,

or

A

a id s ;

in ju r e d

e m p lo y e e s

sy stem s;

e le c ­

fa c to r y

or

in d u s t r ia l

and

m e d ic a l

(R e g is te r e d )

r e g is te r e d

n a v ig a t io n

r e c o r d in g

s y stem s;

IN D U S T R IA L

fo llo w in g ;

o th e r

to

th e

ill

or

of

p a tie n ts

n u rse

or

in ju r e d ;

(E x c lu d e
r e p a ir m e n

r e c e iv in g

p r o d u c tio n

of

such

a s s e m b le r s

s ta n d a rd

and te s te r s ,

e le c tr o n ic

c r a fts m e n ,

e q u ip m e n t

as

d r a fts m e n ,

o ffic e

d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,

m a c h in e s ,

r a d io

and

te le v is io n

tre a te d ;

in g

out

p rogra m s

p r e p a r in g
and

o th e r

a c tiv itie s

h ead

n u rses

to

a c c id e n t

th e

s e r v ic e

becom e
in v o lv e

s u ffe r

fo r

of

an

th e
or

and

th a n

are

of

ill

k e e p in g

or

of

fir s t

a

a id

reco rd s

a s s is t in g

a n d p la n n in g a n d

p e r s o n n e l.

n u rse

to

p r e m is e s

G iv in g

o th e r p u rp o s e s ;

e v a lu a t io n

a ll

one

th e

in ju r ie s ;

an d e m p lo y e e s ;

s a fe ty o f

m ore

d ir e c tio n

on

fo llo w in g :

e m p lo y e e s '

a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n ,

w e lfa r e ,

e m p lo y in g

m e d ic a l

a c c id e n t

of

c o m p e n s a tio n

o f a p p lic a n t s

e d u c a tio n ,

h e a lth ,

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

u n der g e n e ra l

or

c o m b in a t io n

d r e s s in g

re p o rts

e v a lu a t io n s

ill

a

su b sequ en t

h e a lth

a ffe c tin g

in

n u r s in g

who

D u t ie s

h e a lth

in v o lv in g

or
or

s e ts .)

g iv e s

p erso n s

a t te n d in g

p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s
and

who

o th e r

e s t a b lis h m e n t.

in

c a rry ­

p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,

N u r s in g

s u p e r v is o r s

e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s
in g

w ood w ork

s ta ir s ,

P la n n in g
v a r ie ty

th e

and

c a s in g s ,

an d la y in g

tr im

s ta n d a rd

fo r

th e

shop

w o rk .

e x p e r ie n c e

of

W ork

e le c tr ic a l

fo r

such

In

as

of

th e

flo o r s ,

fo llo w in g :

or

e le c tr ic a l
o f th e

tra d e

h a n d to o ls

m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ;

s h a p in g

w o rk ;

and

s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls

ca rp en ter

o th e r

or

r e q u ir e s

ro u n d ed

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

or

o th e r

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

a

of

th ro u g h

of

th e

or

m ak­

n ecessary

tr a in in g

and

an d e x p e r ie n c e .

s w itc h b o a r d s ,

lo c a tin g

e le c tr ic
any

m a in t e n a n c e ,

en ergy

of

a

c o n t r o lle r s ,

e q u ip m e n t;

e le c t r ic ia n 's

to

lo a d

or

and

k e e p in g

a

p e r v is e

th e s e

reco rd

or

and

m ay

e le c t r ic a l)

s te a m
of

and

fittin g

to

a ls o

s u p e r v is e

s u p p ly

th e

th e

in t h e

e le c tr ic a l

o f w ir in g

ro u n d ed

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

o p e r a tio n

e s t a b lis h m e n t

in

of

and

or

te s tin g

tr a in in g an d

an d e x p e r ie n c e .

s ta t io n a r y

w h ic h

b o ile r s

o p e r a tio n

and

of

b o ile r - fe d

m a c h in e r y ,

H ead

or

c h ie f

w a te r

p u m p s;

te m p e ra tu re ,

e n g in e e r s

in

and

fu e l

e m p lo y e d

w ith

e q u ip m e n t

c o n s u m p tio n .

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

e n g in e s

and

F ir e s

r e p a ir s ;

v o lv e s

or

s te a m .

checks

Feed s

w a te r

H E L P E R ,

fu e ls

and

g en era l

c le a n in g
to o ls ;

one

d u tie s

w o r k in g

and

h e lp e r is

fir e

M ay

a ls o

su­

m o re

e m p lo y in g

th a n

le s s e r

he

is

to

liftin g ,

p e r m itte d
by

to

s k ill,

o th e r

in

a

p e r fo r m in g

on

such

h ig h

d egree

speeds,
to

of

to o lin g ,

a c h ie v e

d r e s s in g ,

v a r ie s

as

c r o s s - in d u s tr y
shops

are

and

d ress

fu ll- tim e

w age

e x c lu d e d

u s in g

o p e r a tio n

ta s k s
fr o m

and

s tu d y




s to k e r,

gas,

r e p a ir in g

or

o il

p ow er,

b u rn er;

b o ile r r o o m

and

e q u ip m e n t.

a

w o rk er

d ir e c te d
and

s u p p lie d

by

w it h

jo u r n e y m a n

by

to tr a d e :

to o ls ,

tra d e s ,

m a te r ia ls

by

h o ld in g

jo u r n e y m a n .
In

o p e r a tio n s ,

The

s o m e tr a d e s

c le a n in g
or

th e

w o r k in g
p a rts

p e r fo r m in g

a

and

k in d

tra d e

t o o ls ;

m a te r ia ls
of

gages,

d r ills ,

d e fe c tiv e

or

p a rts

a s s e m b lie s
lig h t s ,

or

o p e r a tio n s ;

a v a r ie ty

or
to

and

and

of

p r e c is io n

and

p rop er

m a k in g

of

m a c h in e

M ay

ite m s

to o ls ,

r e q u ir in g

m e a s u r in g
n ecessa ry

be

c o o la n t s

m a c h in e - t o o l

c la s s ific a tio n .

ty p e s

r e q u ir e d
and

o p e ra to rs ,

o f th e

e q u ip m e n t

p r a c tic e

m a c h i n i s t 's

m a c h in e t o o ls ;

r e la t in g to

w o r k in g
th e

d im e n ­

p r o p e r tie s

r e q u ir e d

g e n e r a l,

u s u a lly

of

s ta n d a rd

c o m p u ta t io n s

In

o f m e c h a n ic a l

In te r p r e tin g w r itte n

v a r ie ty

fo r

h is

a c q u ir e d

th ro u g h

of

w o rk ;

m a c h i n i s t 's

w ork

a fo r m a l

e x p e r ie n c e .

such

and

m o to rtru c k s ,

e q u ip m e n t

g r in d in g

and

a u to m o tiv e

r e p a ir s
in

and

body

b o lt s .

tr a c to rs

in v o lv e

In

d is a s s e m b lin g

or

th e

a c q u ir e d

an

w o rk

th ro u g h

of

of

sou rce

such

fittin g

and

a

e s t a b lis h m e n t.

d ia g n o s e

of

and

th e

r e p la c in g

a u to m o tiv e

in ­
d is ­

as w r e n c h e s ,

in s t a llin g

a lin in g w h e e ls ,

fo r m a l

W o rk

tr o u b le ;

h a n d to o ls

p a rts;

r e a s s e m b lin g

a d ju s tm e n ts ;

g e n e r a l,

u s u a lly

of

to

th e u s e

a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ;

m a k in g n e c e s s a r y

e x p e r ie n c e

and

e q u ip m e n t

th a t

b rok en

or

th e v a r io u s

a d ju s tin g b r a k e s

m e c h a n ic

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

r e q u ir e s
e q u iv a le n t

e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

th e

of

fo r

a

s c r a p in g an d
m a c h in e

shop
of

and

and

up

as

fo r

fo r

or

of

m a jo r

and

fro m

o p e r a tio n .

In

u s u a lly

E x c lu d e d

a d ju s tin g

b rok en

r e p la c e m e n t

r e p a ir s ;

g e n e r a l,
th is

e s t a b lis h m e n t.
to

r e p a ir s
by

a

th e w o r k

th ro u g h

shop

of

a

it e m s

or

s p e c ific a tio n s

of

are

fo r m a jo r

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

w ork ers

w hose

of

th e

r e p a ir s

and

or

u se

o b ta in e d

a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic

fo r m a l

th e

s e n d in g

m a c h in e s ;

m ost

tr o u b le ;

in v o lv e

p a r t s w ith

r e a s s e m b lin g

c la s s ific a tio n

in v o lv e s

sou rce

m a in ly

m a c h in e

w r itte n

shop;

W o rk

d ia g n o s e
th a t

o r d e fe c tiv e

p a rt

p r e p a r in g

m a c h in e

a c q u ir e d

fro m

an

e q u ip m e n t

p e r fo r m in g

r e p la c in g

a

of

m e c h a n ic a l

ord ered

e x p e r ie n c e

e x p e r ie n c e .

s e t tin g

fittin g p a r t s ;

p a rts

e q u ip m e n t

and

m a c h in e s

p r o d u c t io n

a d ju s tm e n ts

tr a in in g

in v o lv e

th e

p r o d u c t io n

tr a in in g

m e c h a n ic a l

m a c h in e s

d is m a n tlin g

o r d e r in g

to

th e

or

E x a m in in g

p a r tly

in

s to c k ;

m a c h in e
or

or

h a n d to o ls

fro m

m a c h in e r y

fo llo w in g :

m a k in g
r e q u ir e s

e q u iv a le n t

p r im a r y

d u tie s

m a c h in e s .

th e

M IL L W R IG H T

c o n fin e d

th a t

are

jig

c o m p lic a t e d

in s t r u m e n ts ;

bu ses,

Th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include m echanics who re p a ir cu sto m ers' veh icles in auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.

In s ta lls

in o t h e r s
a ls o

b orers,

or
m illin g
m a c h in e s , in th e
c o n s tr u c tio n
of
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g

p r o c e s s in g

d im e n s io n s .
s e le c t

s to c k ;

tig h t e n in g

tr a in in g

e q u ip m e n t
of

or m o re

and

e q u ip m e n t.

m a c h in e -s h o p

and

E x a m in in g

s p e c ia liz e d

fro m

tr a in in g

P la n n in g

la t h e s ,
o r d ie s .

in

p e r fo r m in g

in th e v e h i c l e

new

w hen

an d la y in g

h a n d to o ls

m a c h in e s

chan ges

and

s etu p s

s e le c t in g

or

in

and

c e n te rs

e q u ip m e n t,

and

p a rts

e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s
a

ro u n d ed

tr a in in g

e q u iv a le n t

tr a in in g

or h eavy

th e

p la n t

ou t o f th e w o r k ;

r ig g in g ;

m a te r ia ls ,

one

m e c h a n ic a l

o p e r a tin g

shop

k n o w le d g e

p a rts,

a

or

w o rk

h e lp e r is

areas;

of

s p e c ific

b a s is .

of

p u rp oses,

t h is

as
tra d e

and

m a in t e n a n c e

a s s is t in g

m a c h in e

sequ ence;

t o le r a n c e s

fro m

in

w it h h e a t,

TO O LR O O M

m a c h in in g

to o ls ,

k e e p in g

m a te r ia ls

o p e r a tio n

accu ra cy;

r e q u is it e
to

a s s is t

s k ille d

e q u ip m e n t;

s p e c ia liz e d

a

th e

d iffic u lt

or

m a c h in in g ;

m a te r ia ls ,

u s in g

(M a in te n a n c e )

a u to m o b ile s ,

ro u n d ed
th e

c y lin d r ic a l o r
s u rfa c e
g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix t u r e s ,
and

a m e c h a n ic a l

o il,

e m p lo y e d

tr a in in g

e q u ip m e n t a n d

a ll n e c e s s a r y

u n s k ille d

O P E R A T O R ,

S p e c ia liz e s

o p e ra te s

in

and

h o ld in g

p e rfo rm

w ork ers

M A C H IN E -T O O L

e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h

c le a n ,

w ork ers

p e r fo r m
and

or

M ay

m a c h in e ,

p e r fo r m in g

s u p p ly in g ,

hand

th e

tr a in in g

and

s ta n d a rd

o f m e ta l p a rts

th e f o llo w in g :

w ork ;

one

TR A D E S

m ore

area,

p e r m itte d

to

p e r fo r m e d

or

of

by

v a lv e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s is t s
or

to

s a fe ty

fu r n is h

a ro u n d ed

r r m jt_ o f_ t h e _ fo llo w in g :

a s s e m b lin g

d is m a n tlin g

to

in t o

of

and

B O IL E R
b o ile r s

p a rts

A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a ir s

s ta t io n a r y

of

speeds

s ta n d a rd

r e p a ir s

m ost of

out

s e t tin g up

m a k in g

and

fe e d s ,

s e le c t in g

in m a k in g

in v o lv e s
la y in g

to le r a n c e s ;

e q u iv a le n t

or

R e p a ir s

e x c lu d e d .

S T A T IO N A R Y

c lo s e

a s s e m b lin g

r e q u ir e s

and

p ow er,

m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
v e n tila tin g an d r e f r i g ­

m a k in g

to

to o lin g ,

and

p a rts

W ork

p la n n in g

m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ;

p a rts

m e ta ls ;

M E C H A N IC ,

b lu e ­

of
F IR E M A N ,

w o rk ,

ro u n d ed

o p e r a tio n s .

are

of

com m on

and n ew

an e s t a b lis h m e n t.

p r e c is io n

m e ta l

th e

and

m a in ta in s

(m e c h a n ic a l

and

of

in

or

o f e le c ­

fr o m

m e a s u r in g

r e q u ir e s

r e p la c e m e n t p a rts

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

an e s t a b ­

S T A T IO N A R Y
and

s io n s

and

c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,

w o r k in g

r e q u ir e m e n ts

h a n d to o ls

e le c tr ic ia n

a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

in

v a r ie ty

a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le

r e la t in g

m a in t e n a n c e

in s t a lla tio n ,

of

r e p a ir in g

tr a n s m is s io n

c o m p u ta t io n s

v a r ie ty

th e w o r k

s u ch a s th e

o r u t iliz a tio n

In s ta llin g

tr a n s fo rm e rs ,

s ta n d a rd

u s in g

fu n c t io n s

d is t r ib u tio n ,

fo llo w in g :

s y stem s,

w o r k in g
and

P ro d u ces
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d
in s t r u c tio n s

o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a

a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

g e n e ra to rs ,

a c q u ir e d

e q u ip m e n t,

e n g in e e r

r e p a ir b u ild ­
d oors,

s ta n d a rd

h e a t,
r e fr ig e r a tio n ,
o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and
su ch as s te a m
e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s ,
tu r b in e s ,
e r a t in g

good

m ost of

M A IN T E N A N C E

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

c o n d u it

g e n e r a l,

O p e ra te s
e q u ip m e n t

of

in

p a r t itio n s ,

in v o lv e s

m o d e ls ,

and

m a in t e n a n c e

m a in t a in

n o r m a lly

m ost

la y o u ts ,

u s u a lly

E N G IN E E R ,

d r a w in g s ,

p o w e r to o ls ,

th e

th e g e n e r a tio n ,

u n it s ,

e q u ip m e n t;

e x p e r ie n c e

of

th ro u g h

a v a r ie ty

in v o lv e s

e q u ip m e n t;

in s t r u m e n ts .

th e

a c q u ir e d

d r a w in g s ,
or

b lu e p r in t s ,

p o r ta b le

and

ben ches,
W ork

M A IN T E N A N C E

h e a tin g

s y stem

c o n s tru c t
c o u n te rs ,

r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s

u s u a lly

e q u ip m e n t

p r in ts ,

fro m

h a n d to o ls ,

to

c r ib s ,

in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

w o rk

e q u ip m e n t

m o to rs ,

b in s ,

g e n e r a l,

P e rfo rm s
r e p a ir

lis h m e n t.

as

o f w ood

c o m p u ta t io n s

In

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

d u tie s n e c e s s a r y

such

m ade

out o f w o rk

o f c a r p e n t e r 's

in g

t r ic a l

ca rp en try

e q u ip m e n t

and

M A C H IN IS T ,

m a k in g

of

g r a v it y ;

to b e u sed ;

d r iv e s
and
and

and

are

in t e r p r e t in g
s ta n d a rd
a lin in g

and

speed

e q u ip m e n t,

la y o u t

in s t a llin g
in

th e

d is m a n tle s

b lu e p r in t s

shop
and

red u cers.

e x p e r ie n c e

and

r e q u ir e d .

or

and

of

an d in s t a lls
in v o lv e s

o th e r

c o m p u ta t io n s

b a la n c in g
In

W o rk

to

good

a c q u ir e d

th ro u g h

a

th e

o rd er

or h eavy
fo llo w in g :

u s in g a v a r i e t y

s tre s s e s ,

s e le c t in g

g e n e r a l, th e m illw r ig h t 's

tra d e

of

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

r e la t in g

e q u ip m e n t;

p n a in t a in in g in

m a c h in e s

m ost

s tre n g th

s ta n d a rd

of

to o ls ,

p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n

w o rk

fo r m a l

n o r m a lly

r e q u ir e s

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

e x p e r ie n c e .

fe e d s ,

a d ju s tm e n ts

d u r in g

to

w hen

to o ls
o ils .

F o r

r e c o g n iz e
and

to o lr o o m ,

in

to o l

and

o p e r a tio n

P A IN T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

n eed

lu b r ic a t in g

c u tt in g

d ie

jo b b in g

P a in ts
th e f o llo w in g :
tio n s ;

and

re d e c o ra te s

K n o w le d g e

p r e p a r in g

s u r fa c e

w a lls ,

w o o d w o rk ,

o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
f o r p a in tin g

by

an d fix t u r e s
and

r e m o v in g

ty p e s

o ld

o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t.

o f p a in t r e q u i r e d

fin is h

or

by

p la c in g

fo r

W o rk

in v o lv e s

d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­

p u tty

or

fille r

in n a i l

20
P A IN T E R ,
h o le s

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

and

le a d ,

in te r s tic e s ;

and

a p p ly in g

a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s

m a in t e n a n c e

p a in te r

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

r e q u ir e s

e q u iv a le n t

S H E E T -M E T A L

p a in t

to

w it h

sp ra y

o b ta in p r o p e r

ro u n d ed

tr a in in g

tr a in in g

and

gun

c o lo r

and

or

or

b ru sh .

M ay

c o n s is t e n c y .

e x p e r ie n c e

m ix

c o lo r s ,

In g e n e r a l ,

u s u a lly

a c q u ir e d

o ils ,
w ork

th e

w h ite
o f th e

th ro u g h

a fo r m a l

e x p e r ie n c e .

ty p e s

of

up an d
in

o p e r a tin g

c u ttin g ,

as

M A IN T E N A N C E

In s ta lls
e s t a b lis h m e n t.

o r

of

correct

le n g th s

p ip e

w it h

p ip e

w it h

p ip e

w it h

flo w ,

ro u n d ed
tr a in in g

and

h e a tin g

of

and

p ip e

p ip e

p ip e

to

In

o th e r

h an gers;
and

to r c h
or

m a k in g

m a k in g
th e

a c q u ir e d

p r im a r ily

ty p e s

o f

L a y in g ou t o f

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

h a n d - d r iv e n

g e n e r a l,

u s u a lly

W ork ers

are

by

r e q u ir e d ;

e x p e r ie n c e

e x p e r ie n c e .
s y stem s

or

w r itte n

h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e

b e n d in g

fa s te n in g

s iz e

gas,

th e * fo llo w in g ;

o th e r

s p e c ific a tio n s .

tr a in in g

or

and

and

m eet

of

or

c h is e l an d
d ie s ;

s te a m ,

m ost

d r a w in g s

and

c o u p lin g s

p ip e s

w a te r,

in v o lv e s

fr o m

s to c k s

p ressu res,
is h e d

r e p a ir s

W o rk

p o s itio n

and

or

in

s iz e s

of

m a c h in e s ;

to

d e t e r m in e

m a in t e n a n c e

fo r m a l

in s t a llin g

in

r e la t in g to

w h e th e r fin ­

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

r e q u ir e s
e q u iv a le n t

b u ild in g

T O O L

AN D

s a n ita tio n

e x c lu d e d .

W O RK E R,

p u n c h in g ,

and

la y in g

of

u s in g

out

F a b r ic a te s ,
a s m a c h in e

r o o fin g )

of

an

a

in s t a lls ,

g u a rd s,

pan s,

W o rk

in

good

s h e lv e s ,

in v o lv e s

r e p a ir

lo c k e r s ,

m ost

of

th e

m o d e ls ,

or

o th e r

a n d a s s e m b lin g ;

th e

m a in t e n a n c e

th ro u g h

r e p a ir s

m a c h in e - s h o p

a

and

a v a r ie ty

in s t a llin g

s h e e t-m e ta l

fo r m a l

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

u s in g

s e t tin g

h a n d to o ls

s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s

w o rk er

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

o f

r e q u ir e s

ro u n d ed

e q u iv a le n t

or

tr a in in g

of

to o ls

of

w o rk ,

a s w e ll

of

th e

of

m o d e ls ,

to o l

and

w o r k in g

and

speeds,
as

m e ta l- fo r m in g

fro m

fe e d s ,

fin is h e d

e q u iv a le n t

to o lin g

to o ls

and

and

and

h a n d to o ls

and

to o lr o o m

m e a s u r in g

m e ta l

a c q u ir e d

up

w o r k in g

m a k e r 's

fo r g in g s ,

P la n n in g

and

and

u n d er­

o p e r a tin g

r e la t in g to

p a rts

of

d im e n s io n s

d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
c lo s e

to le r a n c e s ;

an d s e le c t in g

a llo w a n c e s ;
d ie

fo r

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

in s t r u m e n ts ;

s e t tin g

q u a lit ie s ;

and

u s u a lly

of

d ie s

w r itte n

c o m p u ta tio n s

and

o r

fo llo w in g ;

and

a llo y s ;

r e q u ir e d
to o l

th e

and

h e a t- t r e a tin g

th e

p r a c tic e

o ral

shop

t o le r a n c e s

g e n e r a l,

fix t u r e s
of

p r e c is io n

m e ta ls

a c h ie v e

p r e s c r ib e d

jig s ,

m ost
o th e r

or

n ecessary

m a c h in e s ;

to

gages,

in v o lv e s

d r a w in g s ,

com m on

of

In

to o ls ,

W ork

m a k in g

d ie s

p a rts to

p ro cesses.

tr a in in g

of

e q u ip m e n t;

and

an d a s s e m b lin g o f
and

m a k e r 's

p r o p e r tie s

r e la t e d

to o ls ,

d ie

w ork .

b lu e p r in t s ,

to

a p p r o p r ia te

w o rk

r e q u ir e s

th ro u g h

a fo r m a l

m a k ers

in

a

ro u n d ed

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

e x p e r ie n c e .

s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d fix t u r e s

ta n k s ,

th e

of

a c q u ir e d

t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p

a n d m a in t a in s

grease

fit t in g ,

w ork

u s u a lly

and

o th e r

v a r ie ty

s ta n d in g

fittin g

M A IN T E N A N C E

e s t a b lis h m e n t.

b lu e p r in t s ,

M A K E R

w o rk

m a c h in e

or
(s u c h

D IE

C o n s tru c ts

m a te r ia ls ,
S H E E T -M E T A L

s h a p in g ,

th e

fr o m

o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ;

e x p e r ie n c e .

to

th r e a d in g

p ip e fit te r

and r e p a ir in g

an

fo r m in g ,

g e n e r a l,

e x p e r ie n c e

w ork

ty p e s

lo c a te
p ip e

a s s e m b lin g

s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s

te s ts

th e

a

p ip e fit tin g s

m e a s u r in g to

p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e s ;

s ta n d a rd
o f

th r o u g h

and
and

v a r io u s

p o w e r - d r iv e n

s ta n d a rd

w o rk

engaged

p ip e

w o rk

c u ttin g

In

and

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a in t e n a n c e

a ll a v a ila b le

b e n d in g ,

r e q u ir e d .

tr a in in g
P IP E F IT T E R ,

W O RK E R,

s h e e t-m e ta l

v e n tila to r s ,

fo llo w in g ;

c h u te s ,

P la n n in g

d u c ts ,

and

la y in g

m e ta l
out

a ll

F o r
shops

are

c r o s s - in d u s t r y

e x c lu d e d

fro m

w age

th is

s tu d y

p u rp o ses,

to o l

and

d ie

to o l

and

d ie

jo b b in g

c la s s ific a t io n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U ARD

AN D

W A TC H M A N

G u a rd .
u s in g
on

arm s

or

id e n tit y

S H IP P IN G

P e rfo rm s
o f

fo r c e

r o u t in e p o lic e

d u tie s ,

w h ere n e c e ss a ry .

e m p lo y e e s

and

o th e r

e ith e r a t fix e d

In c lu d e s

p erso n s

g a te m e n

p o s t o r on to u r,

who

are

s ta t io n e d

at

g a te

and

check

e n t e r in g .

m e n ts

of

of

th e

P O R T E R ,

OR

aged

C LE A N E R

C le a n s
a

of

c h ip s ,
tu re s

and

an

c o m b in a t io n
tr a s h ,

keeps

o ffic e ,
of

th e

and

o th e r

o r tr im m in g s ;

sh o w ers,

and

in

an

o r d e r ly

a p a r tm e n t

fo llo w in g :
r e fu s e ;

p r o v id in g

re stro o m s.

c o n d itio n

h ou se,

o r

S w e e p in g ,
d u s tin g

s u p p lie s

W ork ers

fa c to r y

c o m m e r c ia l

m o p p in g

or

e q u ip m e n t,

and

who

m in o r

w o r k in g

or

o th e r

s c r u b b in g ,

fu r n itu r e ,

or

m a in t e n a n c e

s p e c ia liz e

areas

and

w a sh ro o m s,

e s t a b lis h m e n t.
and

p o lis h in g

fix t u r e s ;

s e r v ic e s ;

p o lis h in g

and

in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e

D u t ie s

flo o r s ;

fo r

s h ip m e n t,

o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
a v a ila b le

m a k in g up

b ills

o f

or

r e c e iv e s

S h ip p in g

m eans

of

w ork

and

is

la d in g ,

p o s tin g

r e s p o n s ib le

in v o lv e s :

tr a n s p o r ta tio n ,

A

and

w e ig h t

and

fo r

k n o w le d g e

ra te s ;

and

s h ip p in g

in c o m in g
of

b ills

of

la d in g ,

r o u tin g

in v o ic e s ,

or

m e r c h a n d is e

and

ch a rges,

and

F o r

w age

s tu d y

reco rd s;
to

c h e c k in g

p rop er

fo r

s h o rta g e s

d ep a rtm e n ts;

and

and

record s
k e e p in g

s h ip m e n t.
s h ip m e n ts

r e je c tin g

m a in t a in in g

dam ­

n ecessa ry

file s .

R e c e iv in g

o th e r

o r m a te r ia ls

s h ip ­

s h ip p in g p r o ­

p r e p a r in g

c le r k

or

in v o lv e

p u rp o ses,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

r e m o v in g
m e ta l

c le a n in g

or

ro u tes ,

s h ip p e d ,

goods;

reco rd s
p r e m is e s

p r a c tic e s ,

goods

C LE R K

m e r c h a n d is e

a file o f
s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t
o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r in g
th e
m e r c h a n d is e fo r
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
a g a in s t

J A N IT O R ,

R E C E IV IN G

m e r c h a n d is e

ced u res,

W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p re m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p ro p e rty against fir e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.

AN D

P rep a res

m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,

fix ­

la v a t o r ie s ,

S h ip p in g

c le r k

S h ip p in g

e x c lu d e d .

and

r e c e iv in g

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
LA B O R E R ,

M A T E R IA L

H A N D L IN G
D r iv e s

A
w hose

w o rk er

d u t ie s

in v o lv e

m e r c h a n d is e on o r
o r

p la c in g

e m p lo y e d
fr o m

m a te r ia ls

m e r c h a n d is e

by

in

a

w a reh o u se,

one o r m o re
fr e ig h t

or

of

th e

cars,

tru c k s ,

m e r c h a n d is e

h a n d tru c k ,

ca r,

or

m a n u fa c t u r in g

fo llo w in g :

in

or

p la n t,

L o a d in g

and

s to re ,

or

u n lo a d in g

o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t

v a r io u s

o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ;

p rop er

s to ra g e

w h e e lb a r r o w .

lo c a tio n ;

and

L on gsh o rem en ,

who

m a te r ia ls

u n p a c k in g ,

tr a n s p o r tin g
lo a d

and

and

s h e lv in g ,

m a te r ia ls

u n lo a d

s h ip s

or
are

e q u ip m e n t,

a

tru c k

or m en

c u s to m e rs '
m ake

h ou ses

m in o r

w ith in

b etw e en

d e p o ts ,, w a r e h o u s e s ,
or

p la c e s

m e c h a n ic a l

o ve r-th e -ro a d

a

d r iv e r s

c ity

v a r io u s

w h o le s a le
o f

in d u s t r ia l

and

area

to

o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts

r e ta il

b u s in e s s .

r e p a ir s ,

are

or

ty p e s

and

M a y a ls o

keep

tru c k

lo a d

in

tr a n s p o rt

such

e s t a b lis h m e n ts ,

or

as:

o r u n lo a d

good

w o r k in g

m a te r ia ls ,

M a n u fa c tu r in g

b etw e en

r e ta il

tru c k

w it h

o rd er.

m e r c h a n d is e ,
p la n ts ,

fr e ig h t

e s t a b lis h m e n ts
o r

and

w ith o u t h e lp e r s ,

D r iv e r -s a le s m e n

and

e x c lu d e d .

e x c lu d e d .
F or
O RD ER

F IL L E R
F ills

ance

w it h

fo llo w s :

s h ip p in g

o r tr a n s fe r o rd e rs

s p e c ific a tio n s

on

s a le s

s lip s ,

fo r

fin is h e d

goods

c u s to m e rs ' o r d e r s ,

fr o m

or

s to re d

m e r c h a n d is e

o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .

in a c c o r d ­

w age

s tu d y

(T r a c to r - t r a ile r
T r u c k d r iv e r

M a y , in a d d itio n

p u rp o ses,
s h o u ld

tr u c k d r iv e r s

be

(c o m b in a t io n

of

on

s iz e s

IV 2

are

th e

fillin g

s itio n

ord ers

and

a d d itio n a l

P A C K E R ,

in d ic a t in g

s to c k

or

ite m s

rep o rt

fille d

sh o rt

or

o m itt e d ,

s u p p lie s

to

keep

record s

s u p e r v is o r ,

and

of

o u t g o in g o r d e r s ,

lis te d

p e rfo rm

o th e r

r e la t e d

lig h t

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

m e d iu m

d u tie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

heavy

(o v e r

4

to n s ,

tr a ile r

heavy

(o v e r

4

to n s ,

o th e r

T R U C K E R ,

of
th e

u n it s

th e
to

K n o w le d g e
and

s iz e

o f

ite m s
v a r io u s

c o n t a in e r ;

b rea k a ge

id e n tify in g

d a ta




or
on

p ro d u cts

o p e r a tio n s

packed,

of

o f

fin is h e d

s p e c ific
be

p la c in g

p reven t

b y s iz e

tr a ile r

and

ty p e

of

e q u ip m e n t,

as

c a p a c ity .)

to n s )
and

in c lu d in g

4

to n s )

ty p e )
th a n

tr a ile r

ty p e )

S H IP P IN G

P rep a res
t a in e r s ,

of

s e p a r a te ly )

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

r e q u i­

(IV 2 to

c la s s ifie d

b a s is

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

to

(u n d e r

ra te d

th e
in

ty p e

of

s h ip p in g

ite m s

of

c o n t a in e r .

s h ip m e n t
b e in g

c o n t a in e r
in

P a ck ers

and

o rd er

e n c lo s u r e s

c lo s in g

and
who

or

s to ra g e

d epen den t

e m p lo y e d ,

c o n t a in e r s

s to c k

in s e r t in g
dam age;

fo r

p e r fo r m e d

to

in

m ay

and

a ls o

v e r ify

th e

m e th o d

of

one

c o n te n t;
u s in g

c o n t a in e r ;
m ake

p la c in g

in v o lv e

c o n t a in e r ;

s e a lin g

by
upon

or

th e m

ty p e ,

s h ip m e n t.
m o re

s e le c t io n
e x c e ls io r

and

w ooden

or

of

o f
o r

a p p ly in g

boxes

in

s h ip p in g

s iz e ,

and

W ork
th e

r e q u ir e s

c ra tes

ty p e

m a te r ia l
or

are

O p e ra te s
goods

and

a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d

m a te r ia ls

of

a ll

k in d s

g a s o lin e - o r

about a w a reh o u se,

e le c tr ic - p o w e r e d
m a n u fa c t u r in g

tru c k

p la n t,

o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t
or

o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t.

fo llo w in g :

a p p r o p r ia te
o th e r

la b e ls

PO W E R

con­

num ber

F o r

w age

s tu d y

p u rp o ses,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

by

ty p e

o f

tru c k ,

as

fo llo w s :

to

e n t e r in g
e x c lu d e d .

T ru ck er,

pow er

(fo r k lift)

Trucker, power (other than forklift)

W o . * . G O V I U N M I N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C « :

1 .7 1 - T M

-1 * 1 , I f f

A re a W a g e Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u est o f the E m p loym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on requ est. B u lletin s m ay be purchased fro m any of the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , or fro m the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
B u lle tin number
and p ric e

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972____________________________________
A lban y—
Schenectady—T r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972____________
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973________________________
A llen tow n — ethlehem — aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1972 1 __
B
E
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1972 1___________________________________
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1__________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1___________________ -__________
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r—O ran ge, T e x ., M ay 1972______
P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972_____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1____________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 197? 1_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1______________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 1972^__________________________________
C h a rleston , W. V a ., MaT. 1972 1 _________________________
C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 1973_________________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1972 1____________________
C h icago, 111., June 1972____________________________________
C incinn ati, Ohio— y.—In d ., Feb. 1973------------------------K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1
Colum bus, O hio, Oct. 1972 1.
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 19721
D aven p ort— ock Islan d — o lin e, Iow a—
R
M
111., F eb . 1972 1__
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1972___________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972D es M o in es , Iowa, M ay 1972 1 — ;---------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972_________ ___________
Durham , N .C ., A p r. 1972 1------------------------ F o r t L au d e rd a le — olly w o od and W e s t P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r. 1972 1-------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 19721-------------------G re e n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1--------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972__________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r. 1972--------------------------H u n ts ville , A la ., Feb. 1973-----------------------Indian apolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973----------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972------------------——
K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972--------------L a w re n c e — a v e r h ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972 1
H
L exin gto n , K y ., N ov. 19721
L it t le Rockr-North L ittle R ock, A r k ., July 1972 x_—
L o s A n g e le s —Long B each and A n aheim —
Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972 1— — ----- ----------L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972------------------ ---------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1.
M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1— ------M em p h is, T e n n .- A r k ., N ov. 1972-----M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1972 1------- ------ ---M id lan d and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1973.

i

D a ta

on

e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s




and

s u p p le m e n t a r y

w age

p r o v is io n s

1775-36,
1725-49,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40
30
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
30
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
35
40
40
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35
50
55
30
35
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
35
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

are

a ls o

p res e n ted .

A rea
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1972 1______________________________
M inn eapolis—St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1973__________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ich ., June 1972 1 ______
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973-------------------N ew H aven, Conn., J an. 1973______________________________
N ew O rlea n s , L a . , J an. 1973______________________________
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 1972 1
_______________________________
N o r fo lk — ir g in ia B each— o rts m o u th and
V
P
N ew p o rt N ew s—Ham pton, V a ., J an. 1973 1 _____________
Oklahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972__________________________
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1972—— ______________________
P a te r s o n — lifto n -P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 * --------------C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N ov. 1972________________________
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1________________________________
P itts b u rgh , P a . , J an. 1972_________________________________
P o rtla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1972_______________________________
P o r tla n d , O re g .—W a sh ., M ay 1972 1 ---------------------------P ou gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew burgh, N .Y .,
N

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-W ;

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
40
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972___________________________________ 1775-7,
R ichm ond, V a ., M a r. 1972 1 _____________________ ___ ______ 1725-72,
R iv e r s id e —
San B ern a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O
1725-43,
R o c h e s te r, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations o n ly ), Ju ly 1972----- 1775-4,
R o c k fo rd , 111., J une 1972 1 ------------------------------ ---------- ------- - 1725-84,
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r. 1972------------------------------------ 1725-61,
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, N ov. 1972 1-------------1775-33,
1725-67,
San A n ton io, T e x . , M ay 1972________________
1775-40,
San D iego , C a lif., N ov. 1972_________________
1725-33,
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., O ct. 1971 1
1725-65,
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1972.
1725-73,
Savannah, G a., M ay 1972 1 -----1775-10,
Scranton, P a . , July 1972------------—
1725-47,
S eattle—E v e re tt, W ash ., Jan. 1972.
1775-43,
Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., D ec. 1972 1__
1775-54,
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1973----1725-91,
Spokane, W ash., June 1972 1-------------------1775-11,
S y ra cu se, N .Y ., J u ly 1972_________________
T am p a—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972—
1775-9,
1725-78,
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., A p r. 1 9 7 2 * ------------1775-12,
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1_________________
1775-3,
U tica—R om e, N .Y ., July 1972-----------------W ashington, D .C.—Md.—V a ., M a r. 1972 1 —
1725-93,
1725-53,
W a te rb u ry , Conn., M a r. 1972 1 --------------W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1972_________________
1775-26,
1725-82,
W ich ita, K an s., A p r. 1972 1.
1725-71,
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1--------------1725-54,
Y o r k , P a ., Feb. 1972 1 _____
Youngstown— a rre n , Ohio, N ov. 1972
W
1775-19,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

P ro v id e n c e —W a rw ick ^P aw tu ck et, R .I.— a s s .,
M

30
45
35
35
50
30
40
50
30
35
45
30
40
40
35
45
45
35
55
45
70
35
40
35
35
35
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

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IX
X
Arizona
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102