View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

A re a Wage S u rv e y 0
*

The South Bend, Indiana, Metropolitan Area
March 1970

MARSHALL

Bulletin




1660-62

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

P U E R T O RICO

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Perm Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.

 Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.
**


Area Wage Survey
The South Bend, Indiana, Metropolitan Area




March 1970

Bulletin 1660-62
June 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BU REA U O F LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffr e y H . M o o re , C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a nn ua l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e data on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r th e
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r e a c h a r e a stu died .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The first
b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b u lletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h has
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and th e U n it e d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s bienn ia lly.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
Sou th B e n d , Ind. , in M a r c h 1 9 7 0.
The Standard M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f St. J o s e p h a nd
M a rs h a ll C ou n ties.
T h i s s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u ­
r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. , u n d e r the g e n e r a l
d ir e c t io n o f W o o d r o w C. L in n ., A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r
fo r O p era tion s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O ccu pational earn ings:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n ___________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and
m
w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m en trance sa la rie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B -2 .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________________________
B -4 .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
B -7.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a nd f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t ___________________________________________________________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

NOTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s
areas.
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

a re a v ailable fo r other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the S o u th B e n d a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

iii

4

6

7
9
10
11
12

13
14
15
16
17
20
21
22




Area Wage Survey-----The South Bend, Ind., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts su r v e y s of occu p a tio n a l earn ings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , da ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s of B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
ative
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
se rv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a nd e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
occu pati.ons stu d ied to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S ep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f in g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w ‘ o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccupations

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow ing ty pes:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
da ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and not the n u m b e r
actu ally su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s

ta b les) on s e le c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu ­
r e l a t e t o p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
as a se p a ra te w o r k f o r c e a re e x clu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
(inclu din g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w ork ers"
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or rela ted fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u strie s.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l en tran ce ra te s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch edu led
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s i o n
p la n s ;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Su m s o f individual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rou nd ing.

D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y gra n te d a r e in clu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y fa ll on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h olid a y s a ctu a lly gran ted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show tota l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d t o a
sta tistica l m e a s u re of va ca tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in t e n d e d as a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th o s e w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a tic a l" b enefits beyond b a sic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta o n h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h i c h the e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d cash paym ents are m ade d ir e ctly
t o the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h i c h the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a nd N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r ' s pay du rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i lln e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll p a y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e ith e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e fit s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
Xhe temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a rtia l paym ent o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u c h pla n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on profit o rg a n iza tion s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a nd i n ­
cen tive s y s te m s .
U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o is p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In the a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s is p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f the l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p la n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is pa id
f o r e a c h unit o f o u tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d o n a
p e r c e n t a g e of va lu e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a t io n of a stated s a la r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .

table

D ata
B -7.

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

provided

in

4

Table 1.

Establishm ents and W orkers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in South Bend, Ind., 1 by M ajor Industry Division, 2 M arch 1970
Number of establishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study^

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied

Plant
Number

A ll divisions ----------------------------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilities5______________________
W holesale tra d e--------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e --------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real esta te-----------S ervices 8 -------------------------------------------------------

O ffice

P ercent

T otal4

205

81

43, 791

100

28, 075

7, 093

32, 143

50
-

87
118

33
48

27, 752
16, 039

63
37

19, 153
8, 922

3, 426
3, 667

22, 639
9, 504

50
50
50
50
50

24
19
45
13
17

11
6
15
7
9

.

3,
2,
5,
2,
1,

483
457
226
966
907

8
6
12
7
4

1, 604
(*)
(6)
n

(6)

593
(‘ )
(6)
()
(6)

2,
1,
2,
2,
1,

397
091

533
301
182

1 The South Bend Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of St. Joseph and M arshall Counties. The "w orkers within
scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended,
however, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other employm ent indexes fo r the area to m easure em ploym ent trends or levels since (1 ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment
data com piled con siderably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2 ) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and m otion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p rofessional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and serv ices incidental to water transportation were excluded.
South Bend* s transit system is m unicipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "all in d ustries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and fo r "a ll in d ustries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: ( l ) Employment in the d ivision is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2 ) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3 ) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4 ) there is possib ility of d isclosu re of individual
establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates fo r "all industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estim ates
fo r "all industries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal s ervice s; business s e rv ice s ; automobile repair, rental, and parking; m otion p ictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ice s.




A lm ost tw o-thirds of the workers within scope of the survey in the South Bend area
were em ployed in manufacturing firm s.
The following presents the m ajor industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Transportation equipment_____ 33
Machinery, except electrica l__ 21
Rubber and p lastics products__15
P rim a ry metal in d u stries ____ 7
E le ctric equipment and
supplies_______ ____________-__ 6

Specific industries
Motor veh icles and
equipment_____________________
A ircra ft and p a rts _____________
General industrial m ach in ery—
F abricated rubber p r o d u c t s ™
Iron and steel foundries______

18
14
14
12
6

inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived from universe
m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey.
P roportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the d a te o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L im itation s

o f Data

M ethod o f C om putin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g ro u p was a s sig n e d a con stant w eight b a se d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
The a v era g e (m ean) ea rn in gs for
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e xt s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographer, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Cleiks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , as m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n ge r e f le c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
in Sou th B e n d , I n d . , M a r c h 1970 and M a r c h 1969, and P e r c e n t s o f C h a n g e 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u strie s

P e rio d

O ffice
clerica l
( m e n and
women)

In dustrial
nurses
( m e n and
w om en)

M an ufactu ring

S k illed
m ain ten a n ce
trades
(men)

U n sk illed
p la n t
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
cle rica l
( m e n and
women)

In dustrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

S k illed
m ain ten a n ce
trades
(m en)

U nskilled
pla n t
w orke r s
(men)

I n d e x e s ( M a r c h 1967=100)
M a r c h 1 9 7 0 . _________________________________
M a r c h 1 9 6 9 ----------------------- ------------------------------

115. 2
110. 5

123. 2
115. 2

116. 9
113. 4

115. 6
105. 7

1 1 1 .2
107. 3

123. 2
115. 2

116. 6
113. 2

112. 8
104. 6

144. 5
117. 3

134. 4
115. 2

126. 4
112. 0

I n d e x e s ( M a r c h 1961 = 100)
M a r c h 1970 __________________________________
M a r c h 1961
_____________________ ___________

132. 1
114. 7

145. 3
117. 9

135. 1
115. 6

128. 4
111. 1

1 2 7 .4
114. 7

P e r c e n t s of change 1
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
A p ril

1969 to M a r c h
1968 to M a r c h
1967 to M a r c h
1966 to M a r c h
1965 to M a r c h
1964 to M a r c h
1963 to M a r c h
1962 to M a r c h
1961 to M a r c h
I 9 6 0 to M a r c h

1
2

1 9 7 0 ________________
1 9 6 9 - - _____________
1 9 6 8 ____ _____ ____ 1 9 6 7 ------------ ------------1 9 6 6 ___ ______ ______
1 9 6 5 ------------------------1 9 6 4 - - -------------------1 9 6 3 ------ -----------------1 9 6 2 ------------------------1961 ________________

4.
5.
4.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3
3
9
8
3
1
8
5
3
8

7.
5.
8.
4.
1.
4.
2- l .
2.
4.
2.

0
7
9
2
9
5
0
5
7
7

A ll ch a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n less o th e r w is e in dicated.
T h i s d e c r e a s e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t




3.
7.
5.
4.
2.
.
1.
2.
3.
2.

1
9
1
3
8
5
3
5
3
9

9.
4.
1.
3.
.
2—.
1.
3.
2.
1.

3
1
6
4
2
6
2
8
6
8

a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith

3.
4.
2.
2.
3.
.
1.
2.
4.
3.

6
7
5
0
4
8
5
1
1
3

different

7.
5.
8.
3.
2.
3.
2- .
2.
4.
3.

pay

0
7
9
7
4
9
5
5
2
2

levels

3. 0
8. 4
4. 4
4. 4
3. 2
. 1
1 .4
2. 3
3. 1
2. 9

7.
3.
.
4.
2- .
2- .
1.
2.
2.
2.

9
9
7
5
2
2
5
7
2
9

r a t h e r th an w a g e d e c r e a s e s .

NOTE:
P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r the South B e n d a r e a u s e d M a r c h 1961 a s the b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to the n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v i d i n g t h e m b y the c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n d e x n u m b e r s f o r
M a r c h 1967 on th e M a r c h 1961 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in the t a b l e .
(T h e re s u lt should be m u ltip lie d
b y 1 0 0 .)

7

A.

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, South Bend, Ind. , March 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Sex, occupation, and industry divisi*

Number
of
workers

$

Average
weekly
[standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

(
60

65

$
70

$
75

S

$

t

80

85

90

S

t
95

$
105

100

$

$
110

115

S
120

$
125

$

t

130

135

S

$
190

195

S

%

150

160

and
u nd er

170
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

-

-

5

-

3

1

110

115

120

125

130

135

190

195

150

160

170

over

1

1

1
1

~

1
1

1
1

9
6

1
1

1
1

9
5

4
-

1
i

M
EN
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING --------------------------

39
18

90.0
9 0.0

$
$
132.00 138.50
192.00 139.50

$
$
110 .00 -1 59 .00
135 .50 -1 55 .50

-

tLERKS,

102 .50 -1 32 .00

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -

17

90.0

115.00

125.00

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------

18

39.5

83.00

81.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 6 -------------------------------------------

16

90.0

120.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

27
18

90.0
90.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------

61
97
16

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1
-

-

-

i

-

1

1

1

1

-

1

2

1

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

87.00

-

2

2

4

5

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

117.50

112 .00 -1 39 .00

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

6

1

1

2

1

i

1

-

1

-

-

98.00
92.50

100.00
89.00

82.5 0-11 0.0 0
7 8 .5 0-10 8.0 0

“

"

2
2

4
4

2
2

2
2

3
2

1
”

7
4

2
”

3
1

“

90.0
90.0
40.0

88.00
87.00
93.00

89.00
90.50
95.50

2
2
-

6
6
-

16
7
-

4
4
2

4
4
-

9
9
6

7
6
6

10
9
2

_

2

~
-

198
38

40.0
40.0

106.50
116.50

103.50
119.50

96.0 0-11 9.5 0
1 09 .00 -1 29 .00

-

_

-

1

_

13
1

19

-

20
2

31
8

7
2

22
3

6
9

12
11

6
3

6
1

i
-

3
3

1
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------

250
77
173
25

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

88.00
91.00
87.00
96.50

88.50
93.50
87.00
97.50

8 1 .0 0 - 95.50
83.0 0-10 0.0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 93.00
90.5 0-10 9.5 0

-

1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

i
i

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------

44
35
24

90.0
40.0
4 0.0

91.00
91.50
99.00

93.00
95.00
101.50

79.5 0-10 2.5 0
79.5 0-10 2.5 0
9 4 .0 0-10 3.5 0

_

_

_

-

7 6 .0 0 -

W
OMEN

7 7.5 07 8.0 09 2 .0 0-

99.00
98.50
99.00

_

*
-

1
1

-

-

_

3
3

-

CLASS C ----------------------

64

90.0

75.50

79.50

7 1 .0 0 -

123
106
17

4 0.0
40.0
90.0

101.00
101.50
98.00

96.00
98.00
90.00

85.5 0-11 5.0 0
89.0 0-11 5.0 0
87.5 0-11 5.0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

123
97

90.0
90.0

102.00
108.00

102.00
109.50

92.0 0-11 1.0 0
101 .00 -1 15 .00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

197
69
78

90.0
90.0
90.0

85.50
91.50
80.50

83.00
89.00
77.50

7 5.0 08 2.5 07 3.0 0-

90.00
97.50
89.50

-

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------------

19

39.5

74.00

71.50

6 6.0 0-

77.50

SECRETARIES4 ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3----------------------

987
255
232
39

90.0
40.0
90.0
90.0

119.00
129.50
107.00
118.50

119.00
130.50
109.00
129.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

39
29

90.0
90.0

130.00
126.50

127.50
131.00

FIL E,

See footnotes at end of table,




82.00

48
10
38
*

40
7
33
2

46
ii
35
6

30
16
19
2

19
14
5
2

6
1
5
4

7
2
5
5

2

7
7
2

1
1
-

6
2

6
5
5

_

18
17
17

_

_

1

-

~

“

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

CLERKS,

13
i
12
4

1

-

1
1

_

37
12
25
-

*

1

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

2
2
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1
_

10

29

7

17

5

-

-

-

-

9
9

8
8

12
12
“

17
8
9

15
13
2

6
6
-

10
9
1

7
6
1

9
9
-

8
8
-

-

1

7
4
3

4
4
-

21
8

16
7

15
11

8
7

7
1

1
1

2
2

6
6

2
2
"

1
1
-

9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

_

1
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

20
3

17
2

12
5

_

8
2
6

28
3
25

25
7
18

23
11
12

28
15
13

11
11

-

7
7
~

9

4

6

2

-

1

-

1 03 .00 -1 39 .00
118 .50 -1 38 .50
99.0 0-11 8.5 0
1 11 .00 -1 33 .50

-

_
-

1 17 .50 -1 91 .50
1 17 .00 -1 91 .00

-

_

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

4
9

1

12
*

21
"

_

-

_

-

-

-

12

21

-

-

1

_

_

2

26
1
25

33
8
25

90
5
35
2

93
18
25
2

29
15
14
4

93
25
18
4

29
22
7
2

37
29
8
4

59
91
18
6

95
39
6
i

19
19
5
2

18
19
4
1

12
8
4
2

-

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

ii
7

3
2

2
-

5
5

3
3

3
3

2
2

2
2

-

ii
ii

5
5

-

-

-

~

_
-

3
-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, South Bend, Ind. , March 1970)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra igh t -t i m e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly

s
60

Mean2

(standard)

Median 2

Middle range 2

SECRETARIES4 -

$

%

75

80

*
85

*
90

$
95

100

$
105

$
110

$
115

120

$
125

$
130

$
135

t

$
140

145

$
150

$
160

170
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170 o v e r

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$

6t>

40.0
/

$

138 * 00
112.50

137*50
110.00

r nQ
\

,.n

/ n n
40.0

109
61

39.5

92.50

n

o 7 *00
97.50

39.5

on
9I
T

ah

2

7

10

1 00 .00 -1 28 .00

2

7

8

10

16 7

1n
10

~
i

117.50
u

115.50

'0 * 0
uEN10 R

$
$
1 06 .50 -1 36 .00

i n/ . 3■n 10 3 .
*0
1

f
-t

j T CNO b RA P11CRS ,

70

and
u nd er
65

WOMEN -

t

%

65

110.50

92.50
n1
88 50
123.50

119.00
117.50

rz

9
9
3r
25
10

14
10
4

LI
1

12
1

i~i

10

^9
i

27
22
CLASS B --------

1 *

40.0
4 0.0

106.50
107.50

109.00
109.50

22
15

39.0
39.0

86.00
86.50

86.00
85.00

7 9 .5 0 - 96.00
7 6 .5 0 102.50

1

2

3

4

9

20

2

9

9 5 .0 0-11 9.0 0
99.5 0-12 0.0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLAj o U

78

40.0

86.50

84.50

7 2.5 0-

93.50

40

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

40.0

88.00

90.50

8 0 .0 0 -

94.00

21

40.0

122.50

16

8

10
15
13

12
125 50
11

13
9

2

13

1

12
8

*

8
1

7

11

7

7

2

/ n n
*

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS,

10
:

11
8

13
13

14
L4

27
27

23
23

13
11

6

Q

2

11

"

i
i

8 5 .5 0 102.00
8 1 . 5 0 - 121.00
1 21 .00 -1 29 .00

13

10

12

1
84.5 0-10 2.5 0

1 1 ° 50 1 0 0 . 0 0 111.50 1 0 0 . 0 0 11^.00

6
6

15

^3
10
10
21
20

7
-

14
10

2

1
1

2

*

2

2

*

2

5

6
1

1
1

-

4

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

20

5

-

-

-

4

-

2

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

4

14

127.00

-

9

*

2

i

i

i

1

15

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
7 5 .5 0 -

88.00

5

17

2

10
10

12
8

36

39.5

81.50

78.50

92
72
20

39.0
39.0
39.5

95.00
93.50
99.00

94.00
92.00
102.00

182

39.5

78.00

76.00

70.50-

83.00

35

40

41

23

24

130

39^ 5

77.00

75.00

69.50-

81.00

29

28

31

13

14

*

8

8 4.0 0105.00
8 3 . 0 0 - 104.00
91.5 0-11 1.5 0

15
12

1
8
8

13

1
L3

3
3

2
2

*

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e es r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r es

2
2

1

[e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e

at re g u la r a n d / r p r e m iu m

r a t e s ),

and

the

ea rn in g s c o r r e s pond

to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by Z rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
* Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.




9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h ou r s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
b y ind ust ry d i v is io n, South Ben d, Ind. , M a r c h 1970)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ea rni ngs oJ

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in du str y d iv is io n

Number
of
work ere

Average
weekly
(standard)

$

*
80

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

t

*
85

90

$
95

$
100

$
105

$

$
110

115

$
120

$

i
125

130

*
135

%

t
140

150

$

*
160

170

t
180

t
190

s

$
200

210

and
u nd er

220

and

85

90

95

100

”

~

”

~

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

over

6

8

3

6

-

1

*

2

3

2

-

39

7

25

19

12

12
8

14

3

19
14

5

11

17
17

12
7

21
12

9

7
2
5

10
10

5

7
2

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

1

105

2

3

5

4

8

3

1

M
EN
$
1 2 9 .0 0

$
$
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

4 0 ,0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

1

4

27

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------------

28

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------

O

$
1 2 6 .5 0

CLASS 8 --------------

O

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

18

3 9 .5

2 2 0 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0

1 9 2 .0 0 -2 4 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

134
84

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0
1 8 9 .5 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

83

4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0

53
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

49
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

1

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1
1
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

*

-

_

2

2

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

4
2
2

4

7

5

1

_

3
1
2

3

3

7

6

6

6
i

3
3

4
2

7
5

6

3
3

4
2

2

5

9

2
2

_

8
6
_

3
2

-

“

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

W
OMEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------

16

3 9 .5

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------

22

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

25
24

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1
to t he se
2
3

_

_

_

_

1

3

1

4

1

3

3

2

-

4

_

_

6

-

_

_

_

_

-

4

4
4

2

2

2
2

-

6

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

3
3

11
11

3
3

4
4

_

-

2
2

i
i

Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s) ,
w ee k l y h o u r s.
F o r def inition o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot not e 2, table A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e di st r ib ut e d as f o l lo w s :
4 at $ 2 2 0 to $ 2 3 0 ; 1 at $ 2 3 0 to $ 2 4 0 ; 2 at $ 2 6 0 to $ 2 7 0 ; 1 at $ 2 7 0 to $ 2 8 0 ; and 1 at $ 2 9 0 to $ 30 0.




_

_

_

-

-

-

and the ea rni ngs c o r r e s p o n d

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S o ut h B e n d , Ind. , M a r c h 1970)
Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

OCCUPATIONS

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

CLASS

C ------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

61

4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0

47

4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0

16

4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0

187

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

56

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

267

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0

25

4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0

44

4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0

35

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

24

4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0

64
132

16

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

123

4 0 .0

47

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES3 ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------------

4 0 .0

$
1 3 1 .0 0

29

4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

116

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .5 0

50

3 9 .5

66

4 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

166

4 0 .0

1 1 8 .5 0

88

4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0

78

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

170

3 9 .5

109

3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

61

3 9 .5

3 9 .5

$
8 1 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----

36

1 3 8 .0 0

9 2 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------

151

3 9 .5

98

3 9 .5

53

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

17

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

116

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

111

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

21

4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

85

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

31

4 0 .0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

92

3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0

72

3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0

20

3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0

182

3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0

52

4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0

130

3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0

43

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .5 0

16

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .0 0

41

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

36

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

147
69

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0

37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .5 0

22

4 0 .0

493

4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

22

3 9 .0

8 6 .0 0

15

3 9 .0

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

34

4 0 .0

1 1 8 .5 0

19

4 0 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SIN ESS , CLASS B ------------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPE RAT OR -RE CEP TIO NIS TS MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

78

4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0

38

4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0

AO

4 0 .0

18

3 9 .5

134

4 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0

84

4 0 .0

1 8 5 .5 0

84

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

54

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------

17

3 9 .5

1 3 0 .5 0

37

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

29

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

8 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

30

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

50

4 0 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

34

4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------------------

1 1 9 .0 0

259
234

31

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SIN ESS , CLASS C ------------------------------------

1 0 7 .5 0

7 8 .5 0

17

27

8 5 .5 0

4 0 .0

78

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SIN ESS , CLASS B ------------------------------------

1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 M a y i n c l u d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Weekly

of
worker,

(standard)

41

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -----

1 0 2 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND G I RL S -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

Number

7 5 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE

CONTINUED

9 0 .0 0

92
175

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

9 8 .0 0

18

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

>■
*

CLERKS,

27

OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES3 -

Number
of
workers

o
o

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE
$

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

F IL E,

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

*
O

OFFICE

Number
of

their reg u lar str a igh t-tim e s a la r ie s

(exclusive

15

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R EG ISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

25

4 0 .0

1 3 8 .0 0

24

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .0 0

of pay for overtim e

at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates),

and the e a r n i n g s

11
T a b le A -4.

M ain ten an ce and P o w e r p la n t O ccu p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , South B e n d , Ind. , M a r c h 1970)

Number of worke r s receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
4 .1 4
4 .1 1

$
4 .4 9
4 .4 9

$
3 .5 8 3 .5 8 -

$
4 .5 6
4 .5 5

ELE CT RI CI AN S, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

12 6
125

4 .1 9
4 .2 0

4 .3 5
4 .4 1

3 .7 5 3 .7 5 -

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

46
42

3 .9 2
4 .0 4

4 .1 6
4 .2 1

MA CHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

47
47

3 .8 3
3 .8 3

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------

138
50
88
73

4 .0 8
4 .1 0
4 .0 6
4 .1 3

%

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

$
3 .70

S
3 .8 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .80

3 .9 0

1
1

-

7
6

-

1
1

3
3

_

6
6

11
11

23
23

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

-

5

-

_

2
2

20
20

_

_

5
5

18
13

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

~

-

4 .5 4
4 .5 4

_

_

-

_

-

-

3 .7 3 3 .8 8 -

4 .3 1
4 .3 2

4

_

4
4

_
-

1
1

3 .7 5
3 .7 5

3 .4 9 3 .4 9 -

4 .4 2
4 .4 2

_

8
8

_

-

-

“

“

"

4
4

4 .1 3
4 .3 6
4 .1 2
4 .1 4

3 .9 3 3 .7 3 4 .0 2 4 .0 9 -

4 .2 0
4 .5 4
4 .1 7
4 .1 7

_

2

_

_

4
4

-

-

“
_

-

-

2
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

16 0
154

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

3 .9 2
3 .9 4

3 .6 4 3 .6 4 -

4 .2 6
4 .2 7

_
-

14
14

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

110
110

4 .2 2
4 .2 2

4 .5 1
4 .5 1

3 .7 5 3 .7 5 -

4 .5 5
4 .5 5

_
-

OILERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

28
28

3 .6 2
3 .6 2

3 .5 8
3 .5 8

3 .5 4 3 .5 4 -

3 .6 8
3 .6 8

_
-

2

-

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------------

90
90

4 .4 5
4 .4 5

4 .5 3
4 .5 3

3 .7 9 3 .7 9 -

4 .5 7
4 .5 7

_

_

_

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------MANUFACTURING ----------------

1 10
110

4 .3 1
4 .3 1

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

4 .0 4 4 .0 4 -

4 .5 7
4 .5 7

_

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .




holidays,

$
4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

t
4 .3 0

S
4 .4 0

t
4 .5 0

A.6 0

*
4 .7 0

$
4 .8 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .70

4*90

2

-

-

11
11

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

49
49

_

_

-

14
14

_

-

-

-

-

9
9

12
12

_

_

_

_

_

5

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

11
11

_

_

_

“

“

~

2
2
-

20
20
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

(
4 .0 0

and
under

-

_

S
3 .9 0

_

-

5
5

9
9

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

and late

-

-

shifts.

2
2
“

-

-

5

-

3

3
3

21
21

22

1
1

6
6

38
38

-

15
15

6
6

_

2
2

_

_

8

-

8

_

_

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

3
3

2
1

5

_

5

_

~

~

9
9

_

16
16
16

48

_

48

-

48

-

_

11
6

5
5

*

25
23

$
3 .4 0

i

3 .3 0

o

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

t
3 . 00

i

o
o

Mean 2

t
3 .2 0

1
3 .0 0

co

Unde r

$
3 .1 0

3 .1 0

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
wodters

%

4 .9 0

and
over

i

2
2

-

-

*

-

5

_

_

-

5

5

5

-

-

-

5

5

-

23
23

15
15

-

13
13

19
19

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

58
58

_

-

7
7

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

5
5

-

-

“

14
14

_

1
1

_

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

53
53

_

4
4

14
14

20
20

21
21

-

10
10

11
11

-

16

1
1

-

5
5

“

“

8
8

_

23
23

12
T a b le A-5.

C u stodial and M ateria l M o v e m e n t O ccupations

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly e a rni ngs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a re a b a s is
b y in du str y di v isi on , South Bend, Ind, , M a r c h 1970)
Hourly earnings 2
O c c u p a t i o n 1 and ind ust ry di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly ea rn in gs of ----

Mean3 Median ^ Middle range ^

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

179
154

$
3.1 4
3 .2 2

$
3.2 3
3 .2 7

$
2 .7 1 2 .7 9 -

$
3.7 2
3 .7 3

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

*
$
%
$
$
%
$
$
t
s
i
$
t
$
$
*
S
$
$
t
$
$
2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4 .00 4.20 4*40 4.60
and
under
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3 30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4 .20 4.40 4 .60 over

33
31

2
~

4
”

11
9

”

9
9

6
“

12
8

29
29

9
9

2
2

-

2

-

-

i

-

-

-

2

29

9

2

2
~

56
56

1
1

“

“

“

-

56

I

-

-

-

102

3 .5 0

3 .7 1

3 .2 7 -

3.7 6

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52

2.6 7

2.4 9

2 .4 5 -

2 .9 3

-

-

-

-

29

-

-

8

-

9

-

6

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — --------------------------

433
293
140

2.7 4
3 .0 1
2.1 7

2 .8 2
3 .1 1
2.1 5

2 .2 7 2 .7 6 1 .9 9 -

3 .3 2
3.4 1
2 .4 3

35
6
29

12
1
11

25
5
20

11
5
6

14
2
12

24
16
8

24
20
4

22
18
4

27
23
4

19
18
1

26
22
4

29
28
1

7
7

32
32

82
82

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

371
205
166

3.2 5
3.0 5
3 .5 0

3 .4 1
3 .0 1
3 .9 5

2 .6 7 2 .6 5 3 .0 4 -

3.9 4
3.4 4
4.0 3

9
9

8
6
2

2
2

15
15
”

2
2

-

69
62
7

-

_
-

21
17
4

31
7
24

_
-

1
1

13
13

85
77
8

_
-

-

43

-

-

_
-

5
5

-

43

60
60

ORDER
FILLERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

340
100

3 .2 7
3 .4 8

3.4 3
3 .6 0

3 .0 6 3 .1 2 -

3 .4 8
3.6 7

_

-

-

-

55

-

-

_

2
2

18
18

16
2

21
21

2
2

_
-

171
~

5
5

38
38

_
-

-

-

12
12

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

311
290

3 .0 0
2.9 6

2.9 4
2.9 3

2 .7 7 2 .7 7 -

3.2 5
3.2 1

_

2
2

105
105

-

2
“

36
36

2
2

18
18

33
15

5
5

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

42
21

3 .3 3
3 .2 2

3 .5 1
3 .1 9

2 .8 0 3 .0 4 -

3 .9 2
3.5 5

-

6
6

2
2

-

-

2
2

8
7

1
1

12

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

39
27

3.3 9
3 .4 7

3 .2 9
3 .2 8

2 .9 9 3 .0 9 -

3.5 8
3 .5 9

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

22
16

3.1 9
3 .0 0

2 .9 8
2 .8 8

2 .8 5 2 .8 4 -

3.6 1
3 .3 0

TRUCKORIVERS5 --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------- ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

4 89
130
359

3 .5 6
3.2 8
3.6 6

3.4 9
3.2 4
3.5 3

3 .4 0 - 4 .0 3
3 . 0 2 - 3 .6 5
3 .4 4 - 4.0 5

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) --------------------------- --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

23
19

3.3 2
3.2 9

3 .2 8
3.2 6

3 .2 1 3 .1 9 -

155
36

3.6 5
3 .2 8

3 .6 8
3.2 5

3 .4 4 3 .0 3 -

4 .0 5
3.5 9

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

491
473

3.2 2
3 .2 1

3 .4 2
3 .4 2

2 .7 9 2 .7 9 -

-

-

-

-

*
:

“

:

:

:

:

_

~

_

_

_

~

•

-

-

-

”

-

_
-

3

”

-

3
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

2
2

106
105

3
3

5

3
3

~

2

2

1
1

“

9
9

5
5

2
2

3
3

5
5

9
9

2
2

-

“

-

-

4
4

8
8

25
25

39
4

22

_
-

4
4

3
“

22

35

_

_

_

2

“

-

2

Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x cl u d es p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and late shifts.
F o r def inition o f t e r m s , se e foo tno te 2, ta ble A - l .
W o r k e r s w e re di str ibu te d as fo l lo w s :
19 at $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 7 0 ; 2 at $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 . 8 0 ; 3 at $ 1 . 8 0 to $ 1 . 9 0 ;
Incl ude s all d r i v e r s , as de fi ne d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o pe r at ed .




2
2

_

3

3 .5 3
3 .5 3

1
2
3
4
5

:

5

3.4 9
3 .7 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

*

_

_

~

13
6

2
2

3
2

2
2

4
“

-

138
138

15
3

51
45

-

12

6

3

164
2
162

_

4

_

_

_

“

~

“

30

“

1
1

9
9

2
2

4
4

4
4

1
1

12
12

_

“

138
138

_

“

8
8

14
14

58
54

2

7

_

_

and 12 at $ 1 . 2 0 to $ 2 .

7

_

5
5

3

-

4
4
_
i
i

~

_

.
“

_

15

8

3

101
101

i
-

*
-

6

-

133
124

7
7

22
19

74
2
_

-

_

.

-

-

1
1

_

13
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, South Bend, Ind., March 1970)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e salary 1

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of -----

All
industries

All
schedules

Establishm ents studied --------

Other inexperienced cle rica l workers
Nonmanufacturing

40

All
schedules

--------------------------------------------------------------

81

33

XXX

48

Establishm ents having a specified minimum -----------------------------------

26

12

$62.50
$65.00
$ 67.50
$ 70.00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80.00
$82.50
$ 85.00
$87.50
$ 90.00
$92.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $65.00________________________________
under $ 67.50 --------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 70.00 --------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 72.50________________________________
under $ 75.00 --------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 77.50-------------------------------------------------under $ 80.00-------------------------------------------------under $ 82.50-------------------------------------------------under $ 85.00------------------- -----------------------------under $ 87.50-------------------------------------------------under $90.00-------------------------------------------------under $ 92.50---- --------------------------------------------o v e r ---------------------------------------------------------------

14

13

1

-

_

4

All
industries

XXX

48

XXX

9

33

15

14

18

15

5
4
2
3
4
4
1
1
1
2
1
1

1
2
1
1
3
1

1
2

4
2
1
2
1
3
1

3
2

_

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

5

2
1
2

2
1
2

3

3

Establishm ents having no specified m inim um --------------------

5

4

XXX

1

Establishm ents which did not em ploy workers
in this category-------------------------------------------------------------------

50

15

XXX

35

1

1

3
1

1

1
1
2
1
1
-

-

-

1

1
2
1
-

1
1

2

2

2

-

4

2
1
2

XXX

38

17

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

10

1

XXX

9

XXX

These salaries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
E xcludes workers in sub clerica l jobs such as m essenger or office g irl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on standard workweek reported.




40

33

2

3
4

1
3
2

All
schedule s

81

-

4

40

XXX

2
1
1
1
1

-

2

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of ----All
schedules

40

2
2
3
2
-

1

2

1
2
1
2
2

Manufacturing

1

14
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant w o r k e r s b y ty pe and a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
South B e n d , I n d ., M a r c h 1970)
( A l l plant w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g * 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
f o r la te s h ifts

L a t e - s h i f t pa y p r o v i s i o n

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g on la te sh ifts

S e c o n d s hif t

Total

— ------------------

-

S e c o n d s hif t

96.7

-

T h ird o r other
s hif t

87.1

19.8

_

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on la te s h if t —

_

Th ird o r other
s hif t

5.8

_

-

__ _

96.7

87.1

19.8

5.8

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ---------------- -- -------

84.6

8 2 .2

17.3

5.5

.9
1.9
8.5
12.7
22.2
22.7
4.5
2.5
2 .2

8.5
9.8
8.6
27.9

.2
.2
1.9
1.2
4.0
6.2
1.4
.4
.1

1.0
.2
.4
1.7
1.0

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on la te s h i f t —
T y p e and a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l :

4 cents
-- — — -------- — —
5 c e n t s — — — ---------- -- — -----6 cents —
---------------------------— —
8 c e n t s --------------- -----------------------10 c e n t s ------ - — - - ------- — ---------------12 c e n t s ------------- ------------- — - - — ----13 c e n t s ---------------- — - -----------15 c e n t s —
- ------------------------ I 7 V2 c e n t s --------------------------------------------18 c e n t s ---------------------------- ----------------------19 c e n t s ---------- ----------- -------------------25 c e n t s ------------- — ------------------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e -------------------------------

_

5 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t _______________
____

-

15.0
-

6.5
-

1.8
-

.5
.5
.2

12.1

4.8

2.5

.3

5.3
6.8

4.8

1.3
1.2

_
.3

1
I n c l u d e s a ll plant w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g ,
e v e n th o u gh the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s .




-

4.5
6.5
1.5

-

-

o r h a v in g

form al

provisions

c o v e r i n g la te s h i f t s ,

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P ercen t distribution of plant and o ffice w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly h o u rs 1
of firs t-s h ift w orkers, South Bend, In d ., March 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Weekly hours
All industries2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

100

100

100

100

1
2
3
4
5

Public utilities3

100

100

8
92

100

(5)

4
2
79
1
3
10
2

Manufacturing

87

99

1
10
2

4
89

(5)
1

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a m ajority of the fu ll-tim e w orkers were expected to work, whether they were paid fo r at straight-tim e or overtim e
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




rates.

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually. South Bend, Ind., March 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries 1

A ll w orkers------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h olid a ys------------------------------- ----------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h olid a ys----------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

99

100

100

3

-

(4)

-

-

-

-

5
~
15
38

(4)
16
2
1
10
1
20
1
2
20
2
20
4
1

-

3
-

1
1
5
3
4
2
1
37

29
~
8
32

Number of days
Less than 6 h olid a ys----------------------------------------6 h olid a ys---------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------6 holidays plus 3 half d a y s ------------------------------7 h olid a ys---------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s------------------------------8 h olid a ys----------------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ------------------------------9 h olid a ys----------------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------10 holidays--------------------------------------------------------11 holidays--------------------------------------------------------12 holidays---------------------------------------------------------

(4)
9
1
1
17
1
8
5
28
1
19
4
1

6
1
9
5
40
2
27
6
i

1
5
24
26
59
59
68
69
87
87
96
97
97

i
7
34
36
80
80
91
91
97
97
100
100
100

8
10
23
"
"

37
8

3
10
18
-

Total holiday time 5
12 days--------------------------------------------------------------11 days or m ore------------------------------------------------10 days or m ore------------------------------------------------9 V days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------2
9 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------8 V days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------2
8 days or m o r e --------- -------------------------------------7 72 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------6 V days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------2
6 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------4 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
and no

-

33
33
42
57
95
95
100
100
100

1
4
24
26
48
49
70
72
82
84
98
98
99

-

8
45
45
84
85
93
93
98
99
100
100
100

-

28
28
31
39
71
71
100
100
100

Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.
A ll com binations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days
half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated.




17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, South Bend, Ind., March 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries2
All w ork ers________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
53
44
2

100
35
62
2

100
99
( 5)
-

100
99
( 5)
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
"
-

2

“

"

“

-

“

8
11
2
-

12
4
2
-

49
*

1
49
8
2

1
72
14
-

50
-

53
21
17
5
2

47
29
14
8
2

61
39
-

24
76
( 5)

14
86
( 5)

64
36
-

31
25
35
5
2

38
35
17
8
2

9
91
-

5
95
( 5)

2
97
( 5)

19
81
-

5
38
47
6
2

4
54
30
9
2

2
1
97
( 5)

( 5)
1
98
( 5)

_
100
-

4
35
51
6
2

3
50
36
9
2

1
1
98

1
98

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations-- ----- — ----------------------------L ength -of-tim e paym ent------------------------------Percentage payment-------------------------------------O ther________________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations---------------------------------------------Amount of vacation p ay6
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eeks--------------------------------2 w eeks----- ---------------------------------------------------------

_

_

A fter 1 year of service
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--------------------------------2 w eek s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s--------------------------------3 w eek s_________________________________________
After 2 years of service
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------After 3 years of service
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eeks--------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eek s-------------------------- ----------------------------------

_
100
-

After 4 years of service
1 week----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s______________________
2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------

_
-

100

_

_
-

100

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)

( 5)

-

After 5 years of service
1 week__________________________________________
2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------See footnotes at end of table.




_

_

43
39
16

33
55
13

_
92
-

8

(5)
71
1
28

_
59

_
90

-

-

41

10

18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
---(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, South Bend, Ind., M arch 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries2

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

_

_

_

9
31
45
13
1

2
43
35
18
2

_

_

9
31
41
16
1
1

2
43
31
23
2

_
8
4
34
27
19
5
1

_
2
6
26
38
19
8
2

_

_

_

6
4
13
27
36
5
5
1

1
6
13
38
25
8
7
2

15
77
7
*

( 5)
7
34
( 5)
53
5
-

15

( 5)
6
13

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation p a v6— Continued
A fter 10 years of s ervice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------------------3 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 weeks _____ ______ ____________________________

( 5)
13
6
77
5
-

.
8
12
71
10
-

100
-

( 5)
13
6
76
5
1
-

8
12
71
10
-

_
82
18
“

( 5)
7
70
1
17
5
“

100
-

_
_
100
_
-

A fter 12 years of s ervice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 weeks — ____ __ ___________________________
5 w eek s_________________________________________

_

.

_
100
_
-

A fter 15 years of s ervice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------------4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s---------------------------------5 w eek s----------------------------------------------------------------

_
3
66
21
10

80
20
-

After 20 years of s ervice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------------------3 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s______________________
5 w eek s_________________________________________
6 w eek s----------------------------------------------------------------

_

.

3
13
1
72
11
-

_
_
27
72
_
1
-

_

_
27

After 25 years of serv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s______________________
5 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------6 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 6 w eeks-------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




_
5
4
14
20
28
4
21
1
1

1
6
13
28
18
6
25
1
2

3
8

-

-

-

-

35
43
7

65
1
15
( 5)

65

39

-

-

24

33
1

-

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
---(P ercent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, South Bend, Ind., M arch 1970)
Office workers

Plant workers
Vacation policy
All ind ustries2

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

-

( 5)
6

_
3

-

-

-

-

15

13
65
10
6
-

8
65
12
12
*

27
39
33
1
-

15

( 5)
6
13

_
3
8

27

-

-

35

65

65

39

-

-

-

-

12
12

33
1

Public u tilities3

amount of vacation p ay6----Continued
After 30 years of service
1 week__________________________________________
2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s--------------------------------3 w eeks_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks---------------------- -------4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s--------------------------------5 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------6 w eek s--------------------------------- - ------------------------Over 6 weeks------------------------------------------------------

_
5
4
14
20
26
4
17
6
2

_
1
6
13
28
15
6
20
9
2

_
5
4
14
20
26
4
17
6
2

_
1
6
13
28
15
6
20
9
2

-

35
43
7
-

-

_
-

Maximum vacation available
1 week----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s-------------— ----------------3 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------ -------------------------4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s--------------------------------5 w eek s--------------------------- ----------------------------------6 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 6 weeks------------------------------------------------------

_
-

43
7

9
6
1

_

_
-

1
Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation bonus, vacation-savings, and those plans which offer "extended" or "sa bbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers
with qualifying lengths of se rv ice . Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
* Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of se rv ice were chosen arbitrarily and do not n ecessa rily reflect the individual provisions for p rogression. F or exam ple, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 years* s ervice include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 yea rs. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible fo r 3 weeks*
pay or m ore after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks* pay or m ore after few er years of serv ice .




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P ercen t of plant and o ffice workers in all industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, South Bend, Ind. , M arch 1970)
Plant workers
Type o f benefit and financing 1

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Office workers
Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

- __ __

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown b e lo w __________

98

100

100

100

100

100

97
58

99
57

100

98
47

100

69

98
54

85
47

93
52

69
36

75
29

93
42

75
42

A ll w ork ers______ _______

____

L ife in su ra n ce---- --------------------------------------N oncontributory p la n s ___________________
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance____________________ _____________
Noncontributory p la n s ___________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
— ____
sick leave o r both5____ ___

100

65

96

99

92

97

97

100

Sickness and accident insurance. _ ___
N oncontributory p la n s_______________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod )______________ _________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod )____________ ___________

88
52

96
54

44
44

63
25

95
29

66

11

4

55

73

77

50

5

2

26

13

11

50

H ospitalization insurance------------------------ -N oncontributory p la n s___________________
Surgical insurance---------------------------------------Noncontributory plans - ___ __
M edical in su ra n ce __________________________
N oncontributory p la n s___________________
M ajor m edical in su ra n ce___________________
Noncontributory p lan s____ ___ _______
R etirem ent pension_________________________
Noncontributory p lan s___________________

97
70
96
69
90
66
46
24
81
65

100

85
59
85
59
75
49
80
54
92

99
54
99
54
94
52
80
19
83
71

100

92
65
92
65
92
65
92
65
88
70

76
98
74
97
73
36
18
88
73

68

82
99
81
99
81
68
15
83
74

57

1 Estim ates listed after type o f benefit are for all plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer.
"Noncontributory plans" include only those plans financed
entirely by the em ployer.
Excluded are legally required plans, such as workm en's com pensation, socia l secu rity, and railroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at
least the minimum number of d a ys' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Inform al sick leave allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.




21

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

(Percent distribution of plant and o ffice workers in all industries and in industry division s by method of wage determ ination1
and frequency of wage payment, South Bend, Ind., M arch 1970)
Plant workers
Item

A ll w orkers_________ _________ ______________

Office workers

All industries2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

76
66
48
18

69
66
53
13

100
85
19
66

100
76
2
74

100
82
82

100
72
19
53

12

8

66

10

5

53

4

3

-

55

65

-

2
10
24
3
3
20
8
11
2

2
3
31
4
4
27
11
16
-

15

10
24
-

11
18
-

1
28

95
3
1
1

99
1
-

59
26
15

Public utilities5

Method of wage determ ination1
Paid time rates____ _________ ____________ ___ __
F orm al rate p o lic y - ____—
— — -----Single ra te _______ __________ ___ _______
Range of ra te s ___ ____________________
P rog ression based on automatic
advancement according to
length of s e r v i c e ______ ____ — ___
P rog ression based on m erit
review— — — — — — __
P rog ression based on a
com bination of length of
s ervice and m erit review— - — —
_ __ ___
No form al rate policy_______
Paid by incentive methods— ------- —
P iece rate_____ ________ __________ ____ __ ___
Ind ivid ua 1
_______________________ _______
_____ _______ __________________
G r oup_—
Production bonus-------- . ______________ _ _
Individual--------- -------------- --- -------- —
Group__________________ ____ _____ ___ ____
C om m ission ---------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

Method of determ ining incentive pay of office w orkers not presented

Frequency of wage payment
W eekly---------------------------------------------------------------Biweekly----------------------------------- ------------- — —
Semimonthly------------------------------------------------ ------Monthly-------------------------------------------- -— - --------Other freq u en cy------------------------------------- -----------

1
2
3
4

41
28
30
1

36
8
56
-

F or a description of the methods of wage determ ination, see Introduction.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.




79
13
-

8

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job d escriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working sup ervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE
P repares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le ctro m atic typew riter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
cle rica l work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs , machine, are
cla ssified by type of m achine, as follow s:

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ssifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, reports, technical docu­
ments, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a small group of low er level file clerk s.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord e rs , internally prepared o rd ers, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n ecessa ry extensions, which m ay or may not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record . The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical colum ns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rincip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under b ille r,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or record s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and e xp eri­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m ay d irect class B accounting clerks.

Class B. Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ings ~or~parTly cla ssified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares simple related index and
cr o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, locates cle a rly identified m aterial in files and forw ards
m aterial.
May p erform related c le rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s.
Class C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssified or which
is ea sily cla ssified in a sim ple serial cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forw ards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s sim ple cle rica l and manual tasks re ­
quired to maintain and service file s.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' ord ers fo r m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow in g: Quoting p rices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p rices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receipt of ord ers from cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd ers.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ecessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production re co rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Com ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class B. Under supervision, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters ; reconcilin g bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general led gers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffices in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




22

Class A . Operates a num erical a n d /or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, for exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation from several docum ents; and searches for and
interprets inform ation on the document to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced operators.

23
SECRETARY— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data from source documents to punched ca rd s. Operates a num erical and/or
alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follows specified sequences which have
been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problem s arising from erroneous items or cod es, m issing inform ation,
e tc., are referred to supervisor.

d. S ecretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p erson s; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p erson s.
Class C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d ay work activities of the supervisor. Works fa irly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l
and secreta rial duties, usually including m ost of the following: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal ca lle rs, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the su p ervisor's file s; (c) maintains
the su p ervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspon den ce, memoranda, and reports prepared by others
for the supervisor.1s signature to assure procedural and typographic accu racy; and (f) perform s
stenographic and typing work.
May also p erform other clerica l and secretarial tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
.Not all positions that are titled "se cre ta ry " possess the above ch aracteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "p erson al" secreta ry concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of p rofessional, technical,
or managerial persons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com plex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerica l duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corp ora te o ffic e r ," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctivities. The title "v ice p residen t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate office rs " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. S ecretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p erson s; or
b. S ecretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
c. S ecretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p erson s.
Class B
a. S ecretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, fewer than 100 p erson s; or
b. S ecretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p erson s; or
c. S ecretary to the head (im m ediately below
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., marketing,
tions, etc.) £ r a m ajor geographic or organizational
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in
em ployees; or




the o ffice r level) over either a m ajor
resea rch , operations, industrial rela ­
segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000

a. Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition fo r class B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one o r two; or
b. Secretary co the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, fewer than 5, 000 p erson s.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p ersons); o£
b. S ecretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, p rofessional em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than secreta ries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple re co rd s, or p erform other relatively
routine cle rica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribingmachine work, (See transcribing-m achine op era tor.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific resea rch from one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp onsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accu racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedu res, file s ,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; com posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P e rfo rm s full telephone inform ation s ervice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con ference, co lle ct, oversea s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation s ervice occu rs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone information purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. May handle routine long distance calls and re co rd tolls.
May p erform lim ited telephone inform ation service. ("L im ited" telephone inform ation service
occu rs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are referred to another operator.)

24
SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

TABU LA TIN G -M ACH IN E

In a d d i t i o n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
duties.
T h i s ty p i n g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta ke the m a j o r pa rt o f this w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h i l e at
sw itchboard.

O P E R A T O R — Continued

Class C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s the
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u nc h, c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and s o m e f i li n g w o r k .
The w o r k ty p ica lly in v o lv e s p ortion s of a w ork
uni t, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g ru n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T RAN SCRIBIN G -M ACH IN E

T A BU LA TIN G -M ACH IN E

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

OPERATOR

Class A .
O p e r a te s a v a r ie ty of tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccoun ting m a c h in e s , ty p ica lly
i n c l u d i n g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s the t a b u l a t o r ,
ca lcu la tor,
i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , an d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w it h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w i r i n g as r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g an d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h o f t e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p l a n n in g an d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g ne w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s no t i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s an d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f the w o r k and p r o d u c t i o n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s the
t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l l a t o r .
T h i s w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s an d m a y i n c l u d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . The w o rk ty pica lly in v o lv e s , for ex a m p le, tabulations
in v o l v i n g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e but s m a l l t a b u l a t i n g st u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r and m o r e
com p lex report.
S uc h r e p o r t s and s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e the p r o ­
ce d u r e s are w ell establish ed.
M a y a l s o i n c l u d e the t r a i n i n g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in the b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f the m a c h i n e .

P r i m a r y duty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tra n scribin g-m ach in e rec ord s.
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
han d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
tions have been m ade by another p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e t y p i n g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s .
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , su c h
as k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
Class A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in fi na l f o r m w h e n it
in volves c om b in in g m a te r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s or r e s p o n s i b il ity for c o r r e c t sp elling,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r un u s u al w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
and p l a n n in g la y o u t and t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to sui t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p i n g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t i n e t y p i n g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; and se t t i n g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the con trol con sole of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a p rogra m er. Work includes m ost of the follow ing:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, ca rd s, etc.); switches n ecessa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; makes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating problem s and meet
special conditions; reviews e rr o rs made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe rs problem
to supervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correctin g
program .

Converts statements of business p roblem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the p recise
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, lo gic em ployed by com puters, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed. Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show ord er in which data will be p rocessed ;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r machine to follow ; tests and c o r re cts p rogram s;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating e fficien cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains record s of
p rogram developm ent and revisions. (NOTE; W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
graming should be cla ssifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

F or wage study purposes, com puter operators are cla ssifie d as follow s:
C lass A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e r r o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s may not be available. May give
direction and guidance to low er level op erators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general d irection, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: Most of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring b a sis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original p rogram needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e rr o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes co r re ctiv e action. This usually involves applying p reviou sly p r o ­
gram ed correctiv e steps, or using standard correction techniques.

Does not include em ployees prim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g ( EDP) em ployees, o r p rogra m ers p rim arily concerned with
scien tific a n d /or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes, p rogram ers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra ctice s. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired results, m ajor processin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect supervision a com puter running program s or segments of program s
with the ch aracteristics d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less d ifficult tasks assigned* and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations p erform ed.
Class C. Works on routine program s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p rogra m s. Usually has received som e form al training in com puter operation.
May assist higher level operator on com plex program s.




At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and d iverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processin g actions must occu r. This requires
such actions as development of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when p rogram requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to low er level p rog ra m ers who are assigned to assist.

25
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
Class B. W orks independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p rogram s, or on sim ple segments of com plex p rogram s. P rog ra m s (or segments) usually
p ro ce s s inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s may be
p rocessed , the data have been refined in p rior actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keepin g type operations.
OR
Works on com plex program s (as d escribed for cla ss A) under clo se direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er level p rogra m ers.

OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or system , as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and receiv es instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for a ccu ra cy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure p roper alinement with the overall system .
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of p rocedu res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F or example,
may a ssist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p rogra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN

Class C . Makes pra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form al training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard procedu res to routine problem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to verify its a ccu ra cy and conform ance with
required p rocedu res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p rocessin g equipment. Develops a com plete d escription of all specifications needed to enable
p rogram ers to prepare required digital com puter program s. Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and crite ria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of re co rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for program ing (typically this involves preparation o t work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electronic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes,

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishm ent.) C onfers with persons concerned to determine
the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

system s analysts are cla ssified as follow s:

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. Problem s are com plex because of diverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically p rocesse d through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) Confers with p -son s con ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter p ersoru el on
the im plications of new or revised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes re c o m ­
mendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . W orks independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are clo se ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

MAINTENANCE

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. W orks in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator fo r consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d irect their preparation by low er level draftsmen.
Class B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as; P rep a res wording drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, flo o r plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
s tre sse s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.
Class C. P rep a res detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include iso m e tric projections
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
p recedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less com plete when assignm ents recu r. W ork may be spot-checked during p rog ress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
a nd/or
P rep a res sim ple or repetitive drawings of ea sily visualized item s. W ork is clo se ly supervised
during p ro g re ss.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A reg istered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
fa ctory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and ca r r y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

D POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P erform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cr ib s , counters, benches, partitions, d oors, flo o rs , stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a variety

of carp enter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials n ecessary
fo r the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experience.




26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctrica l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sform ers, switchboards, con trollers, circuit break­
e rs , m otp rs, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or electrica l equipment; and using a variety of electricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electricia n requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrigera tion , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , gen erators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b oilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
p ervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary b oilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing b o ilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by p erform ing s p ecific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is con ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin drical or surface grin d ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of a ccu ra cy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n ecessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to d ress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study p urposes, m achine-tool op erators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P roduces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
ch in ist's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m ateria ls, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves most
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tre sse s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good ord er power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishment.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodw ork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work in­
volves the follow ing; Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co rre ct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p ressu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing; Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d r ills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken o r defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing

F ab rica tes, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, ox other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of




27
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE----Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER--- Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and p recision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

F or cross-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
ord er, using arm s or fo rce where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises p eriodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping
p rocedu res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May direct or assist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving work involves; Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n eces­
sary record s and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition factory working areas and washroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance serv ice s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, custom ers* ord ers, or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating items filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd ers, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
custom ers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor m echanical rep airs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-salesm en and
o v er-th e-roa d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
T ru ckdriver, medium (1V to and including 4 tons)
2
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using exce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified by type of truck, as follows:
T ru cker, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -------

T h e tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1654, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 6 9 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
cents a cop y.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H o u r a nd P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin n um ber
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1969 1________________ ____________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 9 ,
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 --------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 1 ,
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1--------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 5 ,
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ------ 1 6 2 5 - 8 6 ,
B
E
A t la n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ______________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 7 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 19 6 9-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 1 1,
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____ _
P
1625-75,
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 7 ,
B o i s e C i t y , Id a h o , N o v . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 4 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 19 6 9 __________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 6 ,
1660-29,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 _________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 3 ,
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1969 -------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 7 3 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _______ - ____________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 1 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 _______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 6 1 ,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Se p t. 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 9 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 ___________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 2 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 4 9 ,
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 2 2 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 2 7 ,
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 2 3 ,
D a v e n p o r t r - R o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , I o w a r - I ll. ,
M
O c t . 1 9 6 9 * ____________________________________________________
1660-20,
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________
1660-37,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 1__________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 1 ,
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 19 6 9______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 __________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 8 ,
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 19 6 9_______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 8 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 8 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1----------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 7 0 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1 __________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 3 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d., O c t . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------- * ------- 1 6 6 0 - 2 5 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 ____________________________ ______ 1 6 6 0 - 3 9 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 5 ,
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s ., S e p t. 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 1 0 ,
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ---------------- 1 6 2 5 - 7 9 ,
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______ - 1 6 6 0 - 2 ,
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — nta A n a Sa
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 _______________ - _____ 1 6 2 5 - 7 8 ,
1660-28,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d ., N o v . 1969 1______ ___ ________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 970 1 --------------------------- -------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 0 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1969 1—
_____ - ________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 1,
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 2 ,
M i d l a n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1_._______ _________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 4 ,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 6 ,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1970 1------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 4 6 ,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45cents
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
35c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40cen ts
35c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40cen ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1
Data
 on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.


A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ________
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n. 1 970 1____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J an. 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969-------------------------------------------------N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , June 1968 ________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________ ._________
O m a h a , N e b r .—I o w a , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
P a t e r s o r r - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______________
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 9 * _______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969__________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n. 1969 ________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1969 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 19 6 9________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R .I .—M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1969 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 19 6 9 __________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ff i c e o c c u p a t io n s only),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1969 ------------------------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1969 1___________________________
S a lt L a k e C i t y , Utah , N o v . 1969 1________________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 ____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1969 1 _____________________________
San F r a n c i s c c r - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 1_______________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Se p t. 1969 1______________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969___________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------------S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J an. 1 9 7 0 ________________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
Sou th B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1---------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J un e 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1969 1_______________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9----------------------------------------------------U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 1_________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , J an. 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------------------W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1_____ __ _ __ _ ___ _________ .
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 969 1__________________
W

B ulletin n um ber
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
162 5 - 8 8 ,

30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
3 5 cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1 6 6 0 - 1,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BU RE A U OF L A BO R S TA TI STI CS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R

FIRST CLASS M AIL