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The South Bend, Indiana, Metropolitan Area
March 1969
S o u th B end

B u lle tin

No.

1 625-55




U N IT E D STATES DEPAR TM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R E G I O N III
p h u - a o e l p h ia

R egion I
1 6 0 3 -B F e d e r a l Building
G overnm ent C en ter
Boston, M ass. 0 2 2 0 4
Phone: 2 2 3 - 6 7 6 2 ( A r e a C o d e 6 1 7 )

R e g i o n II
341 N in th A v e .
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . 10001
Phone: 9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 ( A r e a C o d e 2 1 2 )

R e g i o n III
4 0 6 Penn S q u a r e B u i l d i n g
1 3 1 7 F i l b e r t St.
P h i l a d e l p h i a , Pa. 1 9 1 0 7
Phone: 5 9 7 - 7 7 9 6 ( A r e a C o d e 2 1 5 )

R e g i o n IV
S u i t e 540
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . NE.
A tlan ta, G a . 30309
Phone: 5 2 6 - 5 4 1 8 ( A r e a C o d e 4 0 4 )

R egion V
2 1 9 South D e a r b o r n St.
C h i c a g o , 111. 6 0 6 0 4
Phone: 3 5 3 - 7 2 3 0 ( A r e a C o d e 3 1 2 )

R e g i o n VI
F e d e r a l O ffic e B uildin g
911 W a ln u t S t . , 10th F l o o r
K ansas C ity , M o. 64106
Phone: 3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 ( A r e a C o d e 8 1 6 )

R e g i o n V II
337 M ay flo w er Building
4 1 1 N orth A k a r d St.
D allas, T e x . 75201
Phone: 7 4 9 - 3 5 1 6 ( A r e a C o d e 2 1 4 )

R e g i o n VIII
4 5 0 G olden G ate A v e.
Box 3 6 0 1 7
San F ran cisco, C a l i f . 94102
Ph on e: 5 5 6 - 4 6 7 8 ( A r e a C o d e 4 1 5 )




Area Wage Survey
The South Bend, Indiana, M etropolitan Area




M arch 1 9 6 9

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 -5 5
June 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e taile d d ata by s e le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r each
of the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu re and l e v e l of w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s .

T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________
In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________

A -3.
A -4.
A -5.
A ppendix.




2
4

O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and
m
O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
S o u th B e n d , I n d ., in M a r c h 1 9 6 9 .
The Stan d ard M e tr o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 19 68, c o n s i s t s o f S t . J o s e p h a n d
M a rs h a ll C oun ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u ­
r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l
d ire c tio n of W oodrow C. L inn, A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r
for O p e ratio n s.

1
3

areas.

N O T E : S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

av ailab le

for

other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in t h e S o u t h B e n d a r e a
i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r f o o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a t i o n s ( M a r c h 1 9 6 9 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a ila b le fo r b u ilding c o n str u c tio n ; p rin tin g; l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; a n d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , an d
allie d occu pation s.

5

oo o o

At th e e n d of e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to on e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n it e d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________

1

11




Area Wage Survey---The South Bend, Ind., Metropolitan Area
I n tr o d u c t io n
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
individual e sta b lish m e n t data.

there

is

p o ssib ility

o f d i s c l o s u r e of

O ccu p atio n al em p lo y m en t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e
s h ifts. N on p rod u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e en ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in t h e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rtatio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other pu blic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le sa le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d ed fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e tab u latio n s a r e p ro v id e d fo r eac h of
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o site , areaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s ta ffin g and, t h u s, co n trib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m t h e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h t h e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in th e
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
obtain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w ev er, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccu p atio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e f o l ­
lo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in the s a m e j o b .
The o ccu p ation s s e le c t e d fo r stu dy a r e lis te d
an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e of th e s t u d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
im p o r t a n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bulletin.
In fo rm a tio n fo r t h e se tab u latio n s is c o lle c te d b ien n ially .
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d if fe r e n t i a l s ; sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U .S . De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r .th is a r e a .




1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d in S o u th B e n d , I n d ., 1
b y M a jo r I n d u st r y D iv i s i o n ,2 M a r c h 1969

Minimum
employment
in establish­
m e n t s in scope
of study

Indu stry div ision

N u m b e r of establishments
Within scope
of study *

ServlceS

..................................................................

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

20 9

84

49,500

100

34,460

50
-

87
122

36
48

32,600
16,900

66
34

24,790
9, 6 70

50
50
50
50
50

21
21
49
13
18

12
7
12
8
9

7
5
12
6
4

2,690
1,230
2, 240
2, 4 4 0
1,070

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________
M anufacturing
---- - - —
N onm anufacturing
_____
__ - - - - - - ___
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 ____
___
— _ —
- ____ - _______
— ___
R e t a i l t r a d e 6___
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ---------

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study4

3,
2,
6,
3,
1,

30 0
800
100
00 0
70 0

____________________

1

T h e S o u th B e n d S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f S t . J o s e p h
an d M a r s h a ll C o u n tie s.
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e
a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in t h e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r
e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
T h e 1 9 6 7 e d it i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m in im u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m i t a t i o n .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . S o u th B e n d 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c l u d e d

2
3

4
5

b y d e fin itio n fr o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e fo l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

6

7

A l m o s t t w o - t h i r d s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e S o u th B e n d a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c ific in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t __________30
M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t
R u b b e r a n d p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s -----16
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s ________________________________ 6
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------6

S p e c ific in d u s trie s
M o to r v e h ic le s and
F a b r i c a t e d r u b b e r p r o d u c t s _____ 14
G e n e ra l in d u stria l
m a c h in e r y ______________________________
13
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ____________________12
M e t a lw o r k in g m a c h i n e r y -------------- 6
I r o n a n d s t e e l f o u n d r i e s — ________ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a giv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata

M e th o d o f C o m p u t i n g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . Th e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Cleiks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
Industrial nurses (men and women):
A and B
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for o v e rtim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2.

In d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W eek ly S a l a r i e s and S t r a ig h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s fo r S e le c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s
in S o u t h B e n d , In d . , M a r c h 1969 an d M a r c h 1 9 6 8 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f C h a n g e 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
( M a r c h 1961=100)

P e r c e n t s of change 1

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
M a r c h 1969

M a r c h 1968

M a r c h 1968
to
M a r c h 1969

M a r c h 1967
to
M a r c h 1968

M a r c h 1966
to
M a r c h 1967

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w om en)
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

126.
135.
131.
117.

7
8
0
5

120.
128.
121.
112.

3
4
4
9

5.
5.
7.
4.

3
7
9
1

4. 9
8. 9
5. 1
1 .6

2.
4.
4.
3.

8
2
3
4

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

123.
135.
130.
117.

0
1
4
1

117.
127.
120.
112.

5
8
3
7

4.
5.
8.
3.

7
7
4
9

2.
8.
4.
.

2.
3.
4.
4.

M a r c h 1965
to
M a r c h 1966

0
7
4
5

5
9
4
7

M a r c h 1963
to
M a r c h 1964
A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________
M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

2.
2- l .
1.
1.

M a r c h 1962
to
M a r c h 1963

2. 3
1.9
2. 8
.2
3.
2.
3.
2- .

1. 1
4. 5
. 5
2—. 6

4
4
2
2

.
3.
.
2- .

8
9
1
2

M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1962

M a rc h I960
to
M a r c h 1961

8
0
3
2

2.
2.
2.
3.

5
5
5
8

2.
4.
3.
2.

3
7
3
6

2.
2.
2.
1.

8
7
9
8

1. 5
2- . 5
1 .4
1.5

2.
2.
2.
2.

1
5
3
7

4.
4.
3.
2.

1
2
1
2

3.
3.
2.
2.

3
2
9
9

A ll c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n l e s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
T h i s d e c r e a s e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s




M a r c h 1964
to
M a r c h 1965

rath er

than

w age

d ecreases.

5
A. Occupational E arnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , South B e n d , I n d ., M a rc h 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and i n d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of --i

weekly
hours1
standard)

60
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
65

70

75

80

85

90

$

$

$

95

100

105

110

*

$

115

12 0

*
125

$
130

$

t

13 5

190

$
150

i

t

160

170

an d
under

180
an d

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

19 0

150

160

170

180

over

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

6
1
5

8
1
7

9
4
-

2
1
1

10
5
5

9
7
2

2
2
-

5
5
-

-

-

i
i
-

-

-

4
4

-

-

5
5

-

-

1
1

-

_

1
-

5
4

4
9

6
5

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

MEN
$
$
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ----------- MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

57
27
30

90-0
9 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
132.50
199.50
117.50

$
135.00
1 5 1.50
1 2 5 .5 0

O FF IC E BOYS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------- -

18
15

3 9.5
3 9 .5

80 .0 0
81 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
80 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
UL 55 A

29

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL ASS B ------------------------------------------------ MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

29
16

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

113.50
113.00

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6.00

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

35
17
18

4 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

98 .5 0
1 07.00
9 1 .0 0

106 .0 0
111.C O
8 7 .5 0

55
19
36

4 0 .0
9 0.0
9 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
100.00
01. j O

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------- -

159
99

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C L A S S 8 ----------- _
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------- -

273
119

9 0.0
4 0 .0

*

1

7 9 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

83.5 0
89 .0 0

-

8

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

i
i

-

-

8 3 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

3

4
4

-

3
1
2

1

4
2
2

-

1

8 7 .5 0
102.00
89. jO

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

~
-

5
5

6

6
4

6

5

-

6

2

6

1

99.0 0
115 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

-

_

i

2

-

25
-

20
1

28
1

21
6

3
2

ii

-

7
-

19
12

11
6

1
“

8 4 .5 0
83 .0 0

83.0 0
8 3 .0 0

-

31
29

26
10
t6

37
7
36

67
20

30
10
20

37
21

12
3

17
7
10

10
1

_

3
3

_
-

8

1

102.50
1 17.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

“

_

5
-

1
1

2
2

_

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

3
3

4
-

2
2

2
2

3
3

5
1

1
1

2
1
1

5
3
2

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

13
12

1
“

-

-

-

-

WOMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL ASS A -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL ASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------- -

21

4 0 .0
/n

o * ftrt
8 .0 0

•
i

r
\

rw

j

7 6 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 -

92.0 0
92.5 0

3

“

2

O

^7

11
1
10

5

^7

n

-

”

~

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

*

-

“

8

7

2

-

no

1

ii
i

64
2'

7 3 .0 0 -

2J
'0 0

88 0 0

91.0 0

rz

* 00

7

2

8

i

40

9 C .0

72.0 0

7 2 .0 0

5

9

C LE R K S, ORDER -------------------------------------- _
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

75
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

85 .5 0
99.5 0

83 .5 0
99.0 0

7 5 .0 0 - 92 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

_

8
-

ii
i

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------- -

112
94
18

9 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 0 .0 0
1 00.00
1 01.00

9 9 . CO
9 9.00
1 0 1.00

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

_
-

_
-

5
5
"

_
-

-

-

20
17
3

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL AS S A ----------- _
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

87
36

90.0
4 0 .0

98.0 0
1 0 9.00

99.5 0
1 0 9.50

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS B ----------- _
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------- -

159
79
73

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

85.50
88.50
82.50

8 3 .50
87 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

_
-

7

~

6

18
3
15

nonmanufacturing

------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




7 7 .0 0 8 1 .0 0 7 9 .5 0 -

9 2 .0 0
99.0 0
89.00

i

24

8

2

_

28

19
19

_

16
12
4

10
9
1

7
6
i

-

2
3

5

19

-

-

l

16
4

10
2

23
13

10
8

7
6

37
13
24

22
19
8

25
20
5

18
11
7

10
10

2
1
1

4
2
2

4

5

“

i
i

-

“

n
9
2

2
2
19
19

2
2

1
1

3
3

_

5

_
-

6
3
3

2
2

-

2
2

_
~

1

3

_
4
4

_
-

_

-

-

-

“

2
1
1

6
6

3
3

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

_
~

_

_

~

~

-

3

~

-

3

“

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , South B e n d , In d ., M a rc h 1969)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
$

Average
weekly

i

*

s

t

of

*

S

$

t

$

$

$

*

s

$

$

$

( standard)

WOMEN -

CONTINUED

OFFICE GI RLS -------- ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

29
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

1 20

1 25

1 30

13 5

1 40

65

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

12 5

13 0

1 35

14 0

150
ISO

4
4

9
9

10
8

1
~

3
3

-

-

2

-

*

3
3
-

7

16
16

35
35

22
I
21
-

52
12
40
2

38
10
28
1

36
15
21
-

42
31
11
3

58
45
13
4

42
33
9
4

45
37
8
2

28
21
7
3

21
15
6
i

23
16

3

21
2
19
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

3
3

2
2

1
l

7
2

5
4

3
3

1
1

3
3

6
4

i
i

_

_

_

4

-

"

60
Mean2

$
7 2 .5 0
70 .5 0

Median 2

$
71.0 0
69.5 0
1 1 3.00

Middle range 2

$
6 7 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

$
75.0 0
73.50

an d
under

SECRETARIES4-----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

507
251
256
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

111 .5 0
122 .5 0
101.00
115.00

98.5 0
1 2 0.00

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

44
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5.00
1 2 2.00

1 2 1.00
1 2 1.50

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_

SECRETARIES, CLA SS B ------------ -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

123
51
72

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

1 1 8.00
1 3 5.00
1 0 5 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 3 4.00
1 0 3.00

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

_

SECRETARIES, CLA SS C ------------------ *-•
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

198
120
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1.50
1 2 1.00
96.5 0

1 1 6.50
1 2 3 .0 0
96.0 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLA SS D -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

142
69
73

39.5
39.5
3 9 .0

10 2 .5 0
1 1 4.00
9 2 .0 0

10 7 .0 0
1 1 4.50
9 1 .00

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

_

-

3
3

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------

253
136
117
21

3 9.5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

89.0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
109.50

86 .0 0
81.00
1 1 3 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 - 96 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 99.0 0
7 3 .5 0 - 90 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

i
i
-

7
2
5
-

STENOGRAPHERS,

SENIOR -------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

132
108
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 8 .0 0
1 0 8.00
1 0 8.50

1 0 8.50
109 .0 0
1 0 1.00

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

33
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 . 50
99.5 0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 1.00

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

_

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLA SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

25
18

3 9 .0
3 9.5

82.50
82 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

91 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPT IONISTSMANUF ACT UR IN G ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------- -----

86
45
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
85 .0 0

81.0 0
76.5 0
8 3 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 7 7 .5 0 -

89.00
88.00
95 .5 0

4
4

MANUFACTURING-------------------------------- -----

17
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

113.50
112.00

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

43
17

3 9.5
4 0 .0

81.5 0
80.5 0

81.0 0
85.5 0

7 3 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 -

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

87
81

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
93.5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

227
71
156

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0
77.5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 3 .5 0
78.0 0
7 3 .0 0

6 9 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 -

12 1.5 0

88.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

87.00
89 .0 0

81.50
8 3 .5 0
79.0 0

-

7

170

180

1
1

over

1
1

7
2

6

8

3

13

6

8

3

13

12
2
10

11
1
10

4

8
5
3

5
3
2

17
12
5

6
4
2

5
3
2

15
11
4

15
1
14

4
4

13
13

6
1
5

27
9
18

13
4
9

6
3
3

9
8
i

20
19
1

28
24
4

25
23
2

17
15
2

8
8.
-

5
2

7
7

6
i
5

6
6

14

9
3
6

11
4
7

18
11
7

22
18
4

25
20
5

6
6

2
2

2
2

2
2

_

14

9
9

40
6
34
-

32
16
16
1

40
21
19
-

46
33
13
-

20
14
6
4

14
13
1
"

6
5
1
-

4
2
2
2

23
11
12
7

12
8
4
4

4
1
3
3

1
1

3
3

_

_

-

-

5
3
2

8
8
-

8
8
-

19
9
10

15
13
2

16
16
"

17
17
-

13
10
3

9
9
-

17
15
2

5

_

_

-

-

-

5

-

-

3
3

5
3

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

_

i

-

-

_

-

-

-

"

_

-

160

-

-

_

-

-

5
~

2
1

4
4

3
i

-

5
5

4
4

4
4

5
5

2

7
4

i
i

2
-

2
2

_

_

-

-

19
16
3

6
i
5

11
6
5

14
2
12

15
10
5

1

5
1
4

5
2
3

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

“

_

_

_

_

“

~

“

i
1

1
1

2
2

2
2

6
5

1
1

3
3

12
4

10
1

7

_

_

2

7

-

4
2

_

-

_

1
1

5
3

12
12

10
10

14
13

10
8

7
6

9
9

9
9

9
9

1
1

7

53
15
38

74
14
60

28
11
17

35
19
16

18
10
8

3
2
1

_

_

9

-

-

-

3

“

7

9

_

-

7

5

_

2
2

1

_
~

~

“

_
“

_

1
1

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s . The m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th a n th e r a t e show n. The m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an the
h ig h e r r a te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S o u t h B e n d , In d ., M a r c h 1 9 69 )
W eek ly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of
w orkers

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
’ standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

s

$
85
M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

150

l

160

i

170

t

180

t

190

*

200

i

210

i

220

an d
under
160

90

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---

150
100

5 0 .0
5 0 .0

$
175.50
1 76.00

$
$
$
1 7 1 .5 0 1 5 5 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0 1 5 5 .5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B MANUFA CT UR IN G ---

150
106

4 0 .0
3 9.5

1 58.00
151.50

1 5 3.00
1 5 5.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C MANUFA CT UR IN G ---

68
50

5 0 .0
5 0 .0

1 20.00
121.50

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

28
27

5 0 .0
5 0 .0

129 .0 0
129.00

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1.00

180

190

200

210

220

over

3
1

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED!
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

170

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p l o y e e s
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .




receive their reg u lar

39
23
30
29

-

straigh t-tim e

salaries

23
18

11
10

(exclu sive of p ay fo r o v ertim e at re g u la r an d /o r p re m iu m

r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , South B e n d , In d ., M a rc h 1969)
A ve rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um b er
of

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1
(standard! (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

21

281

121
160

21

110.50
129.50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

85.00
84 .5 0
85 .5 0
98 .0 0

16

97.5 0
89 .5 0

65
15
50
24

4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
88 .0 0

48

4 0 .0

72 .0 0

83
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

88.0 0
99.5 0

125

23
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2.00
1 0 1.50
103.50
104.00

87
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

98 .0 0
1 04.00

CLERKS,

B ----

-----------------

NONMANUFACTURING -------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---C

C L E R K S , ORDER —
MANUFACTURING
C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS
MANUFACTURING ----

88.00
100.00
8 1 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

30

CLASS

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

55
19
36

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

F ILE,

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 0.00
107.00
9 4 .5 0

A -------------

102

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n

O F F IC E

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL A SS B ------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------- =
-----------

154
79
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 5 .5 0
88.50
8 2 .5 0

O F F IC E BOYS AND G I R L S -------------------------MAN UFACTURING---------------------------- ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

47
20
27

39 .5
39 .5
4 0 .0

75.50
8 1 .5 0
71.0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------

508
251
257
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

112.00
122.50
101.50
1 1 7.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

45
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

126.00
1 2 3.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

123
51
72

3 9.5
4 0 .0

118.00
135 .0 0
1 05.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

198
120
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

111.50
1 21.00
96.5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 ----------------------MAN UFACTURING -------------------------------- -NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

142
69
73

3 9 .5
3 9.5
39.0

10 2 .5 0
1 1 4.00
9 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------

256
136
120
24

39.5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

89.5 0
92.0 0
86.00
111.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SE N IO R ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

132
108
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 8 .0 0
1 0 8.00
1 08.50

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

33
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
99.5 0

OCCUPATIONS

-

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS B --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

25
18

3 9.0
3 9.5

$
82 .5 0
82 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

86
45
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

82.5 0
80.00
85.0 0

OPERATORS,
C LA SS A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- -

30
26

3 9.5
3 9.5

13 6 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

41
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 13.50
11 2 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

43
17

3 9.5
4 0 .0

81.50
80 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS A
MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

88
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

93 .0 0
93 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

227
71
156

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

76 .0 0
77.50
75 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

150
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 74.50
1 76.00

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

143
107

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

148.50
1 52.00

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

72
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

119.00
1 2 1.50

N U R S E S , IN DUSTR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

28
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

129.00
129.00

t a b u l a t in g - m ach ine

o

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------

CLERKS,

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

C

38
17

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

*

BOOK KEE PI NG-MAC HI NE O PE RA T OR S ,
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

CLASS

N um ber
of

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - .CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS A --------- ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

FILE,

A verage

O ccupation and ind u stry d iv isio n

-------------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly .




9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , South B e n d , In d ., M a rc h 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H ourly earnings

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber
of
woriters

$
Mes i2

M edian 2

M iddle range

2

U nder

I

$

$

2 .90

3 .00

3 .10

$

$

$

3 .20

$

*

3 .3 0

I

I

3 .4 0

s

$

$

$

$

$

3 .50

3 .6 0

3 .70

4 .00

4 .10 4 .20

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

1
1

-

17
17

$

I

3 .80

3 .9 0

-

2 . 9 0 u n d er
3 .00

3.10

3 .20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .50

3 .6 0

3 .70

3 .80

3 .90

-

-

1

6
6

-

-

i
i

2
2

~

2
2

_

5
5

2
2

6
6

12
12

18
17

10
10

-

-

_

_

1
1

-

-

_

4
4

-

_

3
3

_

-

2
2

4
4

17
17

_

5
4
i
i

CA RP EN TE RS , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

35
33

$
4 .1 4
4 .1 5

$
4 .3 3
4 .3 3

$
3 .6 5 3 .6 8 -

$
4 .3 8
4 .3 8

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MAN UFACTURING----------------------------------

147
146

4 .0 4
4 .0 4

4 .1 7
4 .1 8

3 .6 7 3 .6 7 -

4 .3 5
4 .3 5

_

_

_

-

-

-

E N G IN E E R S, STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

16
16

4 .21
4 .21

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

4 .1 5 4 .1 5 -

4 .3 6
4 .3 6

_

-

-

-

-

-

F IR E M EN , STATIONARY BOILE R --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

50
41

3 .6 9
3 .80

3 .9 4
3.94

3 .3 7 3 .6 5 -

4 .1 3
4 .1 3

6
i

4
4

_

M A C H I N IS T S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38
38

3 .7 2
3 .7 2

3 .6 7
3 .6 7

3 .6 2 3 .6 2 -

3 .8 5
3 .8 5

-

_

_

-

~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

154
52
102
85

3 .88
3.82
3.92
3 .99

3 .9 4
4 .0 5
3 .9 4
3.95

3 .8 6 3 .4 3 3 .9 1 3 .9 3 -

3 .9 9
4 .3 4
3 .9 8
3 .9 8

-

12
12
-

-

-

-

~

-

-

"

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

144
135

3 .71
3 .7 4

3 .60
3 .7 2

3 .4 7 3 .5 0 -

4 .0 4
4 .0 5

-

_

-

-

2
2

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

145
145

4 .0 5
4 .0 5

4 .3 1
4 .31

3 .6 5 3 .6 5 -

4 .3 5
4 .3 5

_
-

1
1

36

3 . 37

3*3

3 31
3 .3 1 -

3 44
3 .4 4

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

23

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

3 .6 9 3 .6 9 -

4 .2 9
4 .2 9

_

_

23

4 . 13
4 .1 3

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

112
112

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

4 .3 3

3 .7 0 3 .7 0 -

4 .3 7
4 .3 7

_

A. 33

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

160
160

4 .2 7
4 .2 7

4 .3 4
4 .3 4

3 .9 6 3 .9 6 -

4 .6 4
4 .6 4

_

OI LER ''

-

-

-

*
_

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

7
7

_

8
8

“

17
13

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

i
i

-

-

~

-

-

-

21
21
-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

“

12
12

-

10
10

_
~

3
3

8
8
-

79
79
79

10
5
5
5

2
2
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

_

-

12
12

-

-

33
33

_

18
18

_

_

-

_

-

-

76
76

_

-

_

_

12
12

_

_

_

-

-

5
5

-

-

9
9

_

_

65
65

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

22
22

_

_

-

~

71
71

_

“

24
24

29
29

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

9
9

32
32

_

-

9
9

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

*

i
i

19
19

1
l

_

i
i

10
10

11
11

4
4

z
.

_

“

4
4

10
1

-

_

-

2
2

-

_

66
66

6
6

21
21

_

4
4

4
4
-

_

5
4

11
11

5
4
i
-

-

~

over

13
13

3
3

5
-

4 .7 0

*

5

-

~

-

“

_
-

L9
_

_

~
_

_

_

_

_

~

_

_

“

9

9

“

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




_

_

4 .6 0

_

_

_

~

_

22

22

“

5
5

14
14

~

4 .0 0

4 .10

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , South B e n d , In d ., M a rc h 1969)
Hourly earnings2

t
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

Under!
%
and
1 . 8 0 u n d er

%
t
1 .9 0 2 .0 0

170
164

$
3 .0 5
3 .0 8

$
3 .2 2
3 .2 4

$
2 .9 3 2 .9 9 -

$
3 .3 5
3 .3 6

123

3 .2 7

3 .3 2

3 .1 6 -

3 .3 7

-

2 .1 0 ' 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

4
4

23
22

4

-

-

2

-

4
3

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

$
2 .2 0

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

-

-

3 .8 0

~

4
4

8
8

22
22

13
13

13
13

60
60

1

-

I

-

19

13

13

60

3 .2 0

14
14

-

14

-

-

_
"

_
-

-

4 .2 0

-

-

_

_

-

-

4

20

-

-

-

3

8

3

14
10
4

11
5
6

13
8
5

40
28
12

52
52

22
21
1

9
8
i

12
10
2

21
21

_
-

49
44
5

_
-

-

-

-

_
~

_
-

21
1
20

13
3
1C

60
46
14

48
18
30

16
6
10

52
52
-

83
40
43

7
7
-

19
17
2

13
5
8

33
33
-

28
28
-

25
17
8

4
4

3
3

_
-

-

81
81
54

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

56

-

5
5

4
4

1
i

32
24

4
4

1
1

219
6

9
4

39
39

_

_

-

-

18

-

-

-

18

-

“

“

~

4
~

2
2

-

~

2
2

81
81

36
32

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

53
25

-

-

-

-

4

-

2
2

8
8

1
1

1
1

2
2

21
20

_

8
8

_

8
8

6
2

-

2
2

_
“

5
5

I
1

_

_

6
5

_
-

1
1

-

-

9
4
5

-

i
i
-

8
8
-

38
10
28

17
17
-

49
22
27

128
128

5
3
2

48
34
14

1
i
-

10
10
-

35
35

165
1
164
164

“

-

-

i

4

5

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

_

_

~
“

“

i
i
“

18
6
12

14
14
”

_
“

5
3
2

20
6
14

_
-

_
-

30
30

7
7

_
-

i
i

6
6

12
12

22

_

_

_

-

-

i
i

_

”

5
-

5
1

8
8

80
76

61
61

_
-

9
9

137
133

5
5

3

2 .7 9
3 .0 3
2 .2 9

73
6
46 7

LA BO RE RS , MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------

512
279
233
54

2 .9 1
2 .8 1
3 .0 2
3 .8 4

2 .7 6
2 .7 4
2 .7 8
3 .8 5

2
2
2
3

-

3 .2 7
3 .1 5
3 .8 3
3 .8 8

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

388
106

3 . 16
3 .3 5

3 .2 4
3 .4 1

3 .0 0 2 .9 7 -

3 .2 9
3 .4 8

PAC KER S, S H I P P I N G -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

303
266

2 .8 6
2 .8 2

2 .8 4
2 .8 2

2 .5 6 2 .5 6 -

2 .9 7
2 .9 0

RE CE IV IN G CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

53
42

3 .2 8
3 .2 8

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

2 .9 9 3 .0 8 -

3 .5 2
3 .3 9

S H I P P IN G CLER KS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

29
24

2 .9 2
2 .9 5

2 .8 5
2 .9 5

2 .5 9 2 .5 8 -

3 .3 0
3 .3 5

TRUCKDRIVERS6 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------

529
111
418
164

3 .4 1
3 .2 3
3 .4 5
3 .8 4

3 .2 9
3 .1 7
3 .4 3
3 .8 5

3
3
3
3

-

3 .8 2
3 .4 6
3 .8 4
3 .8 8

TR UCK DRI VER S, LIG HT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------------

32

3 .0 7

3 .1 2

2 .9 8 -

3 .1 8

TRUCK DRIV ER S, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----- -----------------------

115
34
81

3 .2 0
3 .1 2
3 .2 4

3 .3 9
3 .1 5
3 .4 8

2 .9 4 2 .9 6 2 .9 4 -

3 .7 3
3 .3 4
3 .7 6

TRUC KDR IV ER S, HEAVY (OVER A TONS ,
TRA ILE R TYPE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------- -------------------

52
22

3 .2 1
3 .0 5

3 .1 3
3 .0 4

3 .0 5 2 .8 8 -

3 .1 9
3 .0 9

TRUC KER S, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

435
424

3 .0 3
3 .0 2

2 .9 4
2 .9 4

2 .7 6 2 .7 3 -

3 .3 5
3 .3 4

_
-

8
5
3
“

-

2

2

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

11

2

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

11

11
11

-

—

-

-

-

-

9
4
5

“

-

115
114

-

100
100

4
4

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
10 a t $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 ; 8 a t $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 ; 12 a t $ 1 .6 0 to $ 1 .7 0 ; and 37 at $ 1 .7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and type o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




3 .7 0

2 .9 0

21
16
5

2 .9 2

2 .0 4 2 .5 2 1 .7 1 -

1
2
3
4
5
6

3 .6 0

2 .8 0

-

2 .3 2 -

2 .5 5
2 .6 7
1 .8 0

9
3
2
3

3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0

2 .7 0

24
5
19

2 .3 7

2 .4 3
2 .6 8
1 .9 8

.1
.0
.2
.8

$
$
$
3 .7 0 3 . 80 4 . 0 0

3
1
2

2 .5 0

372
240
132

7
3
5
3

$
3 .6 0

-

41

J A N I T O R S , PO RTE RS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

.4
.5
.4
.8

S
3 .5 0

1
1

2 .6 0

3 .0 0 3 .1 0

$
3 .4 0

o
o

1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
t
*
i
t
$
$
$
t
S
*
*
2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 . 1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

S
2 .1 0

“

o
00

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

_

_
-

1
2
2

_

-

_
-

10
10
-

26
26

-

_

6
-

_

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

3
-

-

-

_

-

_
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
Th e p r i m a r y purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's w a g e surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w o r k e r s w h o are em pl o y e d under a variety of payroll titles an d different w o r k ar ra ng e m e n t s f r o m establishment to establishment and
f r o m area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational w a g e rates representing co mp a r a b l e job content.
B e ca us e of this emph as is on
interestablishment an d interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m a y differ significantly f r o m those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER,

MACHINE

CLERK,

Pr ep a r e s statements, bills, and invoices on a m a c h i n e other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. M a y also ke ep records as to billings or shipping charges or p e r f o r m other
clerical w o r k incidental to billing operations. F o r w a g e study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified b y type of machine, as follows:
Biller, m a c h i n e (billing ma ch i n e ) . U s e s a special billing m a c h i n e ( M o o n Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices f r o m customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping m e m o ­
ra nd u m s , etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n e ce ss ar y extensions, which m a y or m a y not be c o m p u t e d on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. T h e operation usually involves
a large n u m b e r of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) h e a d ­
ings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Pr epares simple related index and
cross-reference aids. A s requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
M a y p e r f o r m related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . P e r f o r m s routine filing of material that has already be en classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification sy s t e m (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). A s requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards m a ­
terial; and m a y fill out withdrawal charge. P e r f o r m s simple clerical and m a n u a l tasks re­
quired to maintain and service files.

Biller, m a c h i n e (bookkeeping ma ch i n e ) . Us e s a bookkeeping m a c h i n e (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, R e m i n g t o n Rand, etc., which m a y or m a y not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simulta­
neous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. T h e m a c h i n e automatically accumulates
figures on a n u m b e r of vertical c o lu mn s and computes, and usually prints automatically the
debit or credit balances. D o e s not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W o r k s f r o m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

CLERK,

OPERATOR

Class A.
K e e p s a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting s y st em
used. D e t e r m i n e s proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work.
M a y prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s of c o m p a n y e m pl oy ee s and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's na m e , working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w a g e s due. M a y m a k e out paychecks and
assist p a ym as te r in m a k i n g u p and distributing pay envelopes. M a y use a calculating machine.

Class B. K e e p s a record of one or m o r e phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Ph as es or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. M a y check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

COMPTOMETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y duty is to operate a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which m a y involve fre­
quent use of a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in which, use of this m a ch in e is incidental to pe rformance of
other duties.

ACCOUNTING

Class A. U n d e r general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m o r e sections of a complete set of books or records relating to one phase
of an establishment's business transactions. W o r k involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires ju dgment and experi­
ence in m a k i n g proper assignations and allocations. M a y assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m a y direct class B accounting clerks.

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination keypunch ma ch in e to
transcribe data f r o m various source do c u m e n t s to keypunch tabulating cards. P e r f o r m s s a m e
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, w o r k requires application of coding
skills and the m a k i n g of s o m e determinations, for example, locates on the source d o c u m e n t
the items to be punched; extracts information f r o m several documents; and searches for and
interprets information on the d o c u m e n t to determine information to be punched. M a y train
inexperienced operators.

Class B. U n d e r supervision, pe rf o r m s one or m o r e routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a kn o w l ­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the m o r e routine
accounting w o r k is subdivided on a functional basis a m o n g several workers.




ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or m e r c ha nd is e b y mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; m a k i n g out an order
sheet listing the items to m a k e up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. M a y check with credit
de pa rt me nt to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders f r o m customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

Operates a bookkeeping m a c h i n e (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National C a s h Register, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to ke ep a record of business
transactions.

CLERK,

FILE

Class A . In an established filing s y s t e m containing a n u m b e r of varied subject matter
files, classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical do c u ­
ments, etc. M a y also file this material. M a y keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. M a y lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

11

12
KEYPUNCH

O P E R A T O R — Continued

Class B. U n d e r close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data f r o m source do c u m e n t s to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or
alphabetical or combination keypunch m a c h i n e to keypunch tabulating cards. M a y verify cards.
Working f r o m various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences which have
been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. P r o b l e m s arising f r o m erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc., are referred to supervisor.

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5, 000 persons; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational s e gm en t (e.g., a middle
m a n a g e m e n t supervisor of an organizational s e gm en t often involving as m a n y as several hundred
persons) of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class C

OFFICE BOY

OR

GIRL

P e r f o r m s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m i n o r office m a ­
chines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other m i n o r clerical work.

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person vhose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but wh o s e subordinate staff
no rmally n u m b e r s at least several do ze n em p l o y e e s and is usually divided into organizational
se gments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In s o m e companies, this level includes a
wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or

SECRETARY
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.

Assigned as personal secretary, no rmally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day w o r k activities of the supervisor. W o r k s fairly inde­
pendently receiving a m i n i m u m of detailed supervision and guidance.
P e r f o r m s varied clerical
and secretarial duties, usually including m o s t of the following: (a) Receives telephone calls,
personal callers, and incoming mail, a n s w e r s routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the su pe rv is or s files; (c) maintains
the supervisor's calendar and m a k e s appointments as instructed; (d) relays m e s s a g e s f r o m s uper­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m e m o r a n d a , and reports prepared by others
for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) p e rf or ms
stenographic and typing work.

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or

M a y also p e r f o r m other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable- nature and difficulty.
Th e w o r k typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
pr og ra ms , and procedures related to the w o r k of the supervisor.

STENOGRAPHER,

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. E x a m p l e s
of positions which are excluded f r o m the definition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m e e t
the "personal" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or managerial persons; (d) secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m o r e
routine or substantially m o r e c o m p l e x and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m o r e difficult or m o r e responsible technical, a d m i n ­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
N O T E : Th e t e r m "corporate officer," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials w h o have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to ma j o r
c o m p a n y activities. Th e title "vice president," though no rmally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents w h o s e p r i m a r y responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or de ny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
over

a. Secretary to the c h a i r m a n of the board or president of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all,
100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rs on s; or

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the ch ai r m a n of the board or president)
of a c o m p a n y that employes, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rs on s; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate officer level) of a m a j o r seg­
m e n t or subsidiary of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 25, 000 pe rs on s.
Class B
a. Secretary to the c h a i r m a n of the board or president of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all,
fewer than 100 p e rs on s; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than c h a i r m a n of the board or president) of
a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a m a j o r
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.)
or a ma j o r geographic or organizational s e g m e n t (e.g., a regional headquarters; a m a j o r division)
of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 employees; or




Class D

b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative
officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. ( N O T E : M a n y c o mp an ie s assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation involving a n o r m a l routine vocabulary f r o m one or m o r e
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. M a y
also type f r o m written copy. M a y maintain files, keep simple records, or p e r f o r m other relatively
routine clerical tasks. M a y operate f r o m a stenographic pool. Do e s not include transcribingm a c h i n e work.
(See transcribing-machine operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,

SENIOR

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research f r o m one or m o r e persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. M a y also type f r o m written
copy. M a y also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: W o r k requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. Us e s this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for reports, m e m o r a n d u m s , letters,
etc.; co m p o s i n g simple letters f r o m general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Do e s not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P e r f o r m s full telephone information service or handles
c o m p l e x calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine w o r k as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs w h e n the establishment has varied functions that are
not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p r ob le ms as to which extensions are
appropriate for calls.)
.Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. M a y handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. M a y
p e r f o r m limited telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs
if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone information
purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension n u m b e r s w h e n specific n a m e s are
furnished, or if c o m p l e x calls are referred to another operator.)

13
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m a y also type or p e r f o r m routine clerical w o r k as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical w o r k m a y take the m a j o r part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting ma ch i n e s such as the
sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. M a y include simple
wiring f r o m d i a g r a m s and s o m e filing work. Th e w o r k typically involves portions of a w o r k
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical accounting machines, typically
including such m a ch in es as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
P e r f o r m s complete reporting assignments without close supervision, and p e rf or ms difficult
wiring as required.
Th e complete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and c o m p l e x reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring s o m e planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. A s a m o r e experienced operator,
is typically involved in training n e w operators in m a ch in e operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring f r o m di ag r a m s and operating sequences of long and c o m p l e x reports.
D o e s not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-today supervision of the w o r k and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B . Operates m o r e difficult tabulating or electrical accounting m a ch in es such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d under specific instructions and m a y include the pe r f o r m a n c e of s o m e wiring f r o m
diagrams. Th e w o r k typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m o r e
c o m p l e x report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature w h e r e the p r o ­
cedures are well established. M a y also include the training of n e w e m pl oy ee s in the basic
operation of the machine.

P r i m a r y duty is to transcribe dictation involving a n o r m a l routine vocabulary f r o m
transcribing-machine records. M a y also type f r o m written copy and do simple clerical work.
W o r k e r s transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A w o r k e r w h o takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or similar m a ch in e is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
U s e s a typewriter to m a k e copies of various material or to m a k e out bills after calcula­
tions have been m a d e by another person. M a y include typing of stencils, mats, or similar m a t e ­
rials for use in duplicating processes. M a y do clerical w o r k involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: Typing material in final f o r m w h e n it
involves combining material f r o m several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual w o r d s or foreign language material;
and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. M a y type routine f o r m letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: C o p y typing f r o m rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m o r e c o m p l e x tables already setup and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of c o m p l e x items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly f r o m established drafting precedents. W o r k s in close su p ­
port with the design originator, and m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of c o m ­
ponents and parts. W o r k s with a m i n i m u m of supervisory assistance. C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. M a y
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of m o s t of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such w o r k as: P r ep ar es wo rk in g drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships be tw ee n components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Us e s accepted formulas and m a n u a l s in m a k i n g necessary
computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice f r o m supervisor.
C o mp le te d w o r k is checked for technical adequacy.

Class C . Pr ep a r e s detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Ty pe s of drawings prepared include isometric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of

c o mp on en ts and c onvey needed information. Consolidates details f r o m a n u m b e r of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested m e th od s of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete w h e n assignments recur. W o r k m a y be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
a n d /or
Pr ep a r e s simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
during progress.
NURSE,

W o r k is closely supervised

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse w h o gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured e m pl oy ee s or other persons w h o b e c o m e ill or suffer an accident on the pr em i s e s of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out p r o g r a m s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

MAINTENANCE

P e r f o r m s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
w o o d w o r k and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs,
casings, and trim m a d e of w o o d in an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: P l a n ­
ning and laying out of w o r k f r o m blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable p o w e r tools, and standard me a s u r i n g instruments;




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials ne ce s­
sary for the work. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

14
ELECTRICIAN,

MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC,

P e r f o r m s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an
establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit b r e a k ­
ers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; wo rk in g f r o m
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrical s y s t e m or equipment; wo rk in g standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and m e a s u r i n g and
testing instruments. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
ENGINEER,

STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and m a y also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in wh i c h e m p l o y e d with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. W o r k involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as s t e a m engines, air co mp re s s o r s , generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrig­
erating equipment, s t e a m boilers and boiler-fed water p u m p s ; m a k i n g equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. M a y also su­
pervise these operations. H e a d or chief engineers in establishments employing m o r e than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN,

STATIONARY BOILER

Fires stationary boilers tp furnish the establishment in wh ic h e m p l o y e d with heat, power,
or steam. F e e d s fuels to fire by ha nd or operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. M a y clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

MAINTENANCE

TRADES

Assists one or m o r e w o r k e r s in the skilled maintenance trades, b y performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a w o r k e r supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning wo rk in g area, machine, and equipment; assisting j o u r n e y m a n b y holding materials or
tools; and pe rforming other unskilled tasks as directed b y journeyman.
T h e kind of w o r k the
helper is permitted to p e r f o r m varies f r o m trade to trade: In s o m e trades the helper is co n ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning wo rk in g areas; and in
others he is permitted to p e r f o r m specialized m a c h i n e operations, or parts of a trade that are
also p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or m o r e types of m a c h i n e tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
m a c h i n e - s h o p tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: P l a n ­
ning and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups
or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and m a k i n g ne cessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. M a y be required to recognize w h e n tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. F o r cr os s­
industry w a g e study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded f r o m this classification.
MACHINIST,

MAINTENANCE

Pr od u c e s replacement parts and n e w parts in m a k i n g repairs of metal parts of m e c h a n ­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a ­
chinists handtools and precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; setting up and operating standard m a c h i n e
tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the wo rk in g properties
of the c o m m o n metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into me chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s w o r k
normally requires a rounded training in m a c h i n e - s h o p practice usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC,

AUTOMOTIVE

(MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. W o r k in­
volves m o s t of the following: E x a m i n i n g automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassembling equipment and pe rforming repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
wr enches, gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
br ok en or defective parts f r o m stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing




AUTOMOTIVE

( M A I N T E N A N C E ) — Continued

the various assemblies in the vehicle and m a k i n g necessary adjustments; and alining wheels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening bo dy bolts. In general, the w o r k of the automotive
m e c h a n i c requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap p r e n ­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC,

MAINTENANCE

Repairs m a c h i n e r y or mechanical equipment of an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t
of the following: E x am in in g ma ch i n e s and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling ma ch i n e s and pe rforming repairs that ma in ly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing b r ok en or defective parts with items obtained
f r o m stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a m a c h i n e shop or sending of the
m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e shop for m a j o r repairs; preparing written specifications for m a j o r repairs
or for the production of parts ordered f r o m m a c h i n e shop; reassembling machines; and m a k i n g
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the w o r k of a maintenance m e c h a n i c r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded f r o m this classification are w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs n e w m a c h i n e s or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs m a ch in es or
heavy equipment w h e n changes in the plant layout are required. W o r k involves m o s t of the fol­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to stresses,
strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order p o w e r
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's w o r k
norm al ly requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m o v i n g parts
equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER,

or wearing surfaces

of mechanical

MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates walls, w o o d w o r k , and fixtures of an establishment. W o r k in­
volves the following: K n o w l e d g e of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by r e m o v i n g old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. M a y m i x colors, oils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
w o r k of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER,

MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Laying out of w o r k and m e as ur in g to lo­
cate position of pipe f r o m drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to correct lengths with chisel and h a m m e r or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe b y hand-driven or po we r-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating
to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and m a k i n g standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes m e e t specifications. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W o r k e r s primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating sy st em s are excluded.
PLUMBER,

MAINTENANCE

K e e p s the plumbing s y s t e m of an establishment in good order. W o r k involves: K n o w l e d g e
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p l um be r' s snake. In
general, the w o r k of the maintenance p l u m b e r requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER,

MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fix­
tures (such as m a c h i n e guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of. the following: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-metal maintenance w o r k f r o m blueprints, models, or other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of

15
SHEET-METAL

WORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

TOOL AND

handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance sheet-metal w o r k e r requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(Die ma k e r ; jig m a k e r ; tool m a k e r ; fixture ma k e r ; gage m a ke r)
Constructs and repairs ma c h i n e - s h o p tools, gages, jigs, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other me tal-forming work.
W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Planning and
laying out of w o r k f r o m models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

D I E M A K E R — Continued

using a variety of tool and die m a k e r ' s handtools and precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; u n d e r ­
standing of the wo rk in g properties of c o m m o n metals and alloys; setting u p and operating of
m a c h i n e tools and related equipment; m a k i n g necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies t'o achieve required qualities; wo rk in g to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m a k e r ’s w o r k requires a rounded
training in m a c h i n e - s h o p and tool ro om practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F o r cross-industry w a g e study purposes, tool and die m a k e r s in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded f r o m this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND .MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND

SHIPPING A N D RE CEIVING C L E R K

WATCHMAN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using a r m s or force w h e r e necessary. Includes g a t e m e n w h o are stationed at gate and
check on identity of e m pl oy ee s and other persons entering.
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s rounds of p r e m i s e s periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR,

PORTER,

OR

CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e rc ha nd is e for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
m e n t s of me r c h a n d i s e or other materials. Shipping w o r k involves; A knowledge of shipping
procedures, practices, routes, available m e a n s of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, m a k i n g up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. M a y direct or assist in preparing the me rc ha nd is e for ship­
ment. Receiving w o r k involves; Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
d a m a g e d goods; routing me rc ha nd is e or materials to proper departments; and maintaining n e c e s ­
sary records and files.

(Sweeper; c h a r w o m a n ; janitress)
F o r w a g e study purposes, w o r k e r s are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory wo rk in g areas and w a s h r o o m s , or
pr em i s e s of an office, apartment house, or c o m m e r c i a l or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following; Sweeping, m o p p i n g or scrubbing, and polishing floors; re mo v i n g
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trimmings; providing supplies and m i n o r maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, s h o w ­
ers, and restrooms. W o r k e r s w h o specialize in w i n d o w washing are excluded.
LABORER,

MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; s t o c k m a n or stock helper; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n or w a r e h o u s e helper)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
w h o s e duties involve one or m o r e of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and
m e rc ha nd is e on or f r o m freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or m e rc ha nd is e in proper storage location; and transporting materials or
me r c h a n d i s e b y handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER,

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise,
equipment, or m e n between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, wa rehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. M a y also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
m a k e m i n o r mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Dr iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
F o r w a g e study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; wa r e h o u s e stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods f r o m stored m e rc ha nd is e in ac c o r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers* orders, or other instructions. M a y , in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and p e r f o r m other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, m e d i u m (lV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

POWER

SHIPPING

Prep ar es finished products for shipment or storage by placing t h e m in shipping co n ­
tainers, the specific operations pe r f o r m e d being dependent upon the type, size, and n u m b e r of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and m e t h o d of shipment. W o r k requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y involve one or m o r e of the following: K n o w l ­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or d a ma ge ; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P a ck er s w h o also m a k e w o o d e n boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a
transport goods and
establishment.

manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to
materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other

F o r w a g e study purposes, w o r k e r s are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, p o w e r (forklift)
Trucker, p o w e r (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ------

T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys,
ch em ists,
en gin eers,
en gin eerin g tech n ician s,
draftsm en,
tracers,
job a n a ly s t s ,
d ir e c t o r s of p e r so n n e l, m a n a g e r s of office
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tio n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in istr a tiv e , T ech n ical, and C le r ic a l P a y , Ju n e 1968.
Seventy-five
cen ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the W age an d H our an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffic e , W ashin gton , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , M a r . 1969 1----------S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
Allentow n— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
Ju n e 1968 1______________________________________________
A t la n t a , G a . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 __________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1968 1 ____
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1___________________________
B o s t o n ; M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 1 ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y . , N ov. 1968 1---------------------------------------B u r l i n g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1969 1___________________________
C an ton , Ohio, J u n e 1968 * -----------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1-----------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N. C. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , S e p t . 1968 1 _________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio— . —
Ky Ind. , M a r . 1968 1--------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 1___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1968 1 ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1968 1______________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 _______________________________________________
D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1969 1-----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1968_______________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1969 1 ____________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1968 1_________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1968 1___________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1968 1___________________________
H o uston , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1---------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1 -___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1________________________
K a n s a s C ity , Mo. — a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1 ----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. , J u n e 1968 1_______
H
N.
L i tt le R ock— o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1_____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , N ov. 1968-------------------------------I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969----------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1---------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N ov. 1968-----------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------------M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969-----------------------M ilw au k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1968____________________________

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e
1575-84,
1625-56,
1575-58,
1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,
1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-391
1575-52,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625- 1 1,
1575-64,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29.
1625-49.
1575-67,

35 c e n t s M i n n e a p o l i s —
St. P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 9 ------------------M
35 c e n t s M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M ay 1968 * _______
30 c e n t s N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H aven , Conn. , J a n . 1969__________________________
40 c e n ts New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1--------------------------------35 c e n ts New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
50 c e n t s N o r fo l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
30 c e n t s
H a m p to n , V a. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
35 c e n t s O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------Iow a, Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________
30 c e n t s O m a h a , N e b r . —
C
P
35 c e n t s P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1968 1 ------------N.
50 c e n t s P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1968____________________
50 c e n t s P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 * ____________________________
35 c e n t s P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969_____________________________
30 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
W
30 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash. , M ay 1968 1___________________
30 c e n ts P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k e t — a rw ic k , R. I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M
M ay 1 9 6 8 ________________________________________________
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 ____________________________
30 c e n t s R ic h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1967 1 ____________________________
50 c e n t s R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 L .
35 c e n t s R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
50 c e n t s St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. , J a n . 1968_________________________
S a l t L a k e C i ty , Uta h, D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________
30 c e n t s S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1968___________________________
R
O
35 c e n t s S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
30 c e n t s
Oct. 1968 1-------------------------------------------------------------30 c e n ts S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------50 c e n t s Sa n F r a n c i s c o — a kla n d, C a l i f . , Oct. 1968----------------O
35 c e n t s S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------35 c e n t s S a v a n n a h , G a. , M ay 1968 1 ---------------------------------------30 c e n t s S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
E
45 c e n t s S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
35 c e n t s S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Oct. 1968 1 ----------------------------35 c e n t s South B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1969____________________________
35 c e n t s S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
45 c e n t s S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ------------------------------------St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 8 ______________
30 c e n t s T a m p a —
M
35 c e n t s T o l e d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1969 1_______________________
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1_____________________________
30 c e n t s U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------R
Md. — a . ,S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ________________
V
30 c e n t s W ashin gton , D. C. —
30 c e n t s
W a te r b u r y , Conn. , M a r . 1969__________________________
35 c e n ts W a te r lo o , Iow a, N ov. 1968 1____________________________
30 c e n t s W ichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
35 c e n t s W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1968 1 ________________________
25c e n ts Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969___________________________________
30 c e n t s Y ou ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1968_________________
W

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wa ge provisions are also presented.




Area

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1625-47,
1575-60,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1575-78,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
50 c e n t s

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1625-48,
1575-55,
1625-59.
1625-20,
1575-80,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2,
1575-70,
1575-39,
1625-36,
1575-69,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12,
1625-43,
1625-23,
1625-55,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
157 5 -7 6 ,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
35
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
30 c e n t s
cents
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
35 c e n ts
cents
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
i----------------------------------------- !

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