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L
I U S' - *U




n & Montgomery Go.
Public Library

JUL- 11971
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

EA WAGE SURVEY
S o u th D ako ta, M etro p o litan A rea,
Decem ber 1970

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 -3 8
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

JL




BUREAU

OF

LABO R

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I

1603-A Federal Building
Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 N inth Ave.
Room 1025
New Y ork, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 21 2)

Region VI
337 M ayflow er Building
411 N o rth Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Regions V II and V III w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity.
Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region 1 1
1
406 Penn Square Building
1317 F ilb e rtS t.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions V II and V III
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 10th F loor
Kansas C ity , Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

B U R EA U OF LABOR S TA TISTIC S
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S io u x Falls, S o u th D a k o ta , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
D ecem ber 1970

B ulletin 1 6 8 5 -3 8
April 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




P re fa c e

C o n te n ts
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o v i d e d a ta o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a nd e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s i g h t in t o ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , and ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t io n ___________________________________________________________________________
T a b le s :
1.

A.

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u ll e t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s da ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d ie d in t o o n e b u ll e t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e t o g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g i o n s an d th e U n ite d S t a t e s .

B.

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n i a l l y .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a nd
n u m b e r s t u d ie d ____________________________________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n an d w o m e n ____________________________
A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n ________________
A - 3 . O f fic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ______________________________________
A -4 .
M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s _______________________________________
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s __________________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ______________________________
B -6 .
H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s ________________________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________

T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., in D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 0 . T h e S ta n d a r d M e t ­
r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f
th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f M in n e h a h a
C ou n ty.
T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in K a n s a s C it y , M o ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i ­
r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r
f o r O p e r a t io n s .




i

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s
(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

are

a v a ila b le

fo r

o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e S io u x F a l l s a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
b u il d in g t r a d e s .

iii

4

5
6
6
7
7

8
9
10

H
12

15
17




In tro d u c tio n
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a nd
s e r v ic e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th e y te n d t o f u r n is h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d t o w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la t io n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i ­
ca tio n c r it e r ia .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n ce to b e tt e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
S u ch s h if t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
th e y e a ,r. T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le
2 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in
th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g ty p e s ;
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e jo b t i t le s a r e f o r a l l in d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s . t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r ( 2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll i n d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t s h o w n
o r i n f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a ffin g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the a c t u a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s an d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Inclu ded in the 90 areas are four studies co n d u cte d under contract w ith the N ew Y ork State
D epartm ent o f Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (N ew Y ork p ortion o n ly ); R och ester ( o f f i c e o c c u ­
pations on ly); Syracuse; and U tic a —R o m e . In add ition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area studies
in 77 areas at the request o f the W age and H our D ivision o f the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor.




1

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n o t the n u m b e r
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e

2
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly t o i n d ic a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
r e la t e t o p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a ta f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s n o t
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (t a b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h a v e f o r m a l e n tra n ce r a te s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h is i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f ( 1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , a n d ( 2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t th e t i m e o f th e
su rvey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d
p e n s io n p la n s ( t a b le s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f
A n establishm ent was con sid ered as having a p o lic y i f it m e t eith er o f the fo llo w in g c o n ­
ditions: (1 ) O perated la te shifts at the tim e o f the survey, o r (2 ) had fo rm a l provisions co v e rin g
late shifts. A n establishm ent was considered as having fo rm a l provisions i f it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in w ritten form for operating
late shifts.




a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a l i f y f o r
th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h
B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a ta o n p a id h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o d a ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
T he fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o l i d a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d T ia lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le a n d h a lf
h o lid a y s t o s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d t o a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v is io n s .
It i s n o t in t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E s tim a te s
e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s a n d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s a n d t h o s e w h ic h
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s w ith
q u a lif y in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . S u ch e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a ta o n h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s (t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a p la n i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e p la n ,
e v e n i f l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
L e g a lly
r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o th a t ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h i c h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t io n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s ,
p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r ( 2 ) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e

3
contributions.

T he tem porary

disa b ility laws

in C a liforn ia

and R h ode

Island do n ot require

e m p loy er

3
li m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o ( 1 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and n o w a it in g p e r i o d , a n d ( 2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e e it h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d it io n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
4

A n establishm ent was con sidered as having a fo rm a l p lan if it established at least the
m in im u m num ber o f days o f sick le a v e a v a ila b le to ea ch e m p lo y e e .
Such a plan n e e d not b e
w ritten, but in form al sick le a v e allo w a n ce s, determ in ed on an individ ual basis, w e re e xclu d e d .




M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , an d
s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s t o p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n t a l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly
c o v e r s fillin g s , e x t r a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p la n s w h ic h
c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w r it t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r
t h is p u r p o s e . T a b u la t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o
t h o s e p la n s th a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in sc o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r stu d ied in S io u x Falls, S . D a k .,1 by m a jo r in dustry d ivisio n,2 D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 0
Number of es tablishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Plant
Number

All divisions-----------------------------------------------------

_

Manufacturing______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5 _______________________
W holesale tra d e ------------------------------------------------Retail trade_____________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te ----------Services 8 ------------------------------------------------------------

50
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied

Office

Percent

Total4

73

66

11, 315

100

7, 866

1, 313

10,777

2
1

2
1

52

45

5, 279
6, 036

47
53

4 , 202
3, 664

393
920

5, 279
5 ,4 9 8

1
1
1
0
2
1

1
1
1
0

283
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

1,972
677
2. 139
511
199

7
3

14
7
3

1,972
677
2, 677
511
199

17

6

23
5

2

897
(6 )
(6 )
C )

(‘ )

1 The Sioux F a lls Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of Minnehaha County. The "w orkers within scope of
study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however,
to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment
data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in du stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll in du stries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosu re of individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for "a l l in du stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estim ates for "a ll in du stries" in the Series B tab les. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal serv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile rep air, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural s erv ice s.




Alm ost one-half of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Sioux F alls area
w ere employed in manufacturing firm s .
The following presents the m ajor industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Food and kindred products_____72
Apparel and other textile
products________________________ 9
Fabricated m etal products------- 8
M achinery, except electrical— 5

Specific industries
Meat products------------------------------- 58
M iscellaneous fabricated
textile products------------------------- 9
Fabricated structural
m etal products-------------------------- 8
D airy products----------------------------- 6

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

5

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Sioux Falls, S. Dak., December 1970)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*

A v e rage
w eek ly
h o u rs1
(standard)

$

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

t

s

t

s

S

S

$

$

%

*

$

$

S

$

i

t

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

1 25

1 30

1 40

150

1 60

170

180

1 90

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

1 30

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

-

60
M ean *

t

-

-

-

1

2

1

2

-

"

4

1

3

2

1

2

-

“

2
1

4
3

7
7

2
1

2
2

2
1

1
*

1
1

3
1

4
2

-

6
2
4
1

6
4
2
1

5
3
2
1

3

-

1

-

1

1

_

1

3
3

-

1
1

-

1

1

-

1

3
1

1

2

1

_

_

-

4
4

_

1

4
3

“

3
3

2
2

1
1

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4

3
2

2

1

_

-

1
1

-

3

-

-

_

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

“

“

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

”

and
under
65

HEN

A

19

4 0 .0

$
141.00

$
140.00

$
$
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A
NONMANUFACTURING ------------

29
19

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

115.00
110.00

110.00
104.50

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------

82
25
57

4
4
3
4

.0
.0
.5
.0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 9 2 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 8 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

C LERK S,

ACCOUNTING, C LA SS

WOMEN

C LER K S,

F IL E ,

C LA SS

15

0
0
9
0

7 5 .0 0 -

8 8 .5 0

-

2

3

16
3
13

-

-

1

3

27
9
18
4

2
-

3
-

10
4
6

B ---------

17

3 9 .0

8 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

6 9 .5 0 -

8 4 .0 0

1

4

4

3

2

1

-

1

KEYPUNCH O PER A TO R S, C LA SS B
NONMANUFACTURING ------------

29

4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

2

4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 -

-

2

5
4

3
3

2
1

5
3

4
4

-

19

8 8 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

-

1
1

S E C R E T A R IE S ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

25
16

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

119.50
123.00

117.50

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

-

1
1

5

-

1
1

i

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

1
1

-

119.50

-

-

STEN O G R A PH ER S, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

72
21
51
17

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

8 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

4
-

2
-

8 4 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8
2
6

14
5

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

10
1
9

8
3
5
2

4

4
1
3
1

3
1
2
1

4
1
3
3

STEN O G R A PH ER S, SE N IO R ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

36
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

116.50
1 1 3.00

112.00
112.00

3
2

3
3

3
3

5
3

-

4
4

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R E C E P TIO N I S T S NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

20
16

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

_

_

7 4 .5 0

“

TR A N SC RIBIN G -M A C H IN E O PER A TO R S,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

IB

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0

15

8 8 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 -

9 5 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

33
33

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 3 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 -

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

12

See footnotes at end of tables




8 2 .0 0

7
8
7
8

6
2
4
9

.5
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1

9 2 .5 0

9 7 .0 0
1 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
0 9 .0 0

4

2

9

3

-

7
2
5

9 9 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

_

_

i

-

-

-

i

7 2 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

1
1

2
2

6
6

_

4

1

1
1

2

*

l

2
2

_

1

-

1

2
2

i
i

1
1

7
5

2
2

1
1

4
4

6
6

4
4

4
4

2
2

1
1

9 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

12

-

1
-

~

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

“

“

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3

_

_

i

-

-

-

1

1

6
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and garnings for sel ected oc cupations studied on an a
W eekly earnings 1
(standard )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*

w eek ly
hours 1
(standard )

*
95

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

*

*

*

«

$

$

t

i

$

*

$

$

t

s

$

t----- *----- 1—

t

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

195

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

195

200

and
under

M iddle range 2

100

MEN

-----------------------

16

*

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

B

C ------------------------------------------------

20
17

40.0
40.0

O

CLASS

O

DRAFTSMEN,

$
152.00

$
144.50

$
$
136.00-179.50

120.50
118.00

122.50
117.50

104.00-137.00
102.50-137.50

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Sioux Falls, S. D ak., December 1970)

O F F IC E

OCCUPATIONS

Av erage

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y di vi si on

OFFICE

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N 0 N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

48
16
32

40.0
40.0
39.5

$
125.50
128.50
124.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 6
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

90
26
64
17

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

87.00
83.50
88.50
92.00

CLERKS,

-------

17

39.0

80.00

CLASS B
----------

29
19

40.0
40.0

89.50
83.00

OCCUPATIONS

CLASS

B

W eekly
hours 1
(standard'

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

25
16

40.0
40.0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

73
21
52
18

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

89.00
98.00
85.50
99.50

----------------------------------------------------------------

36
26

39.5
39.0

116.50
113.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

20
16

39.5
39.5

85.00
85.50

,

s e n i o r

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

A verage
N um ber

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y d i vi si on

See footnotes at end of tables.




of

OCCUPATIONS

-

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

18
15

40.0
40.0

$
89.50
88.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

33
33

39.0
39.0

71.50
71.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN,

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

W eekly
(standard)

OFFICE

CONTINUED
$
119.50
123.00

s t e n o g r a p h e r s

FILE,

-

Num ber
of
workers

CLASS

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

-----------------------

16

C ------------------------------------------------

20
17

B

o

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s io n

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earn in gs 1
(standard) (standard)

o

A verage
N um b er
of

40.0
40.0

152.00
120.50
118.00

7
T a b le A - 4 .

M a in te n a n c e a nd p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Sioux F alls, S. Dak. , December 1970)
Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
*
3.00

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median 2

i
3.10

*
3.20

*
3.30

$
3 . A0

*
3.50

»
3.60

$
3.70

$
3.80

*
3.90

t
A . 00

A . 10

$
A . 20

s
A . 30

i
A.A0

t
A . 50

$
A . 60

t
A . 70

A . 80

*
A . 90

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80

3.90

4.00

4.10

4.20

4.30

4.40

4.50

4.60

4.70

4.80

4.90

5.00

—
—
—

—
—
-

—
—
-

1 1 2
1 1 2
—
12

1

_

l

i

and
under

Middle range 2

3.10

MEN
MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
l

i r i cfvArtwU
»

A1
22

$
A . 09
3.90

$
A.1A
A . 12

$
$
3 . 5 A - A . 92
3 . 5 7 - A . 17
3 . 5 6 - A . 17

2
—
-

3

—
—

1
—
-

1
1

—
-

8
7

1

7

—
—
-

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

12

_

_

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l a nd m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , December 1970)
Number of workers receiving

Hourly earnings3
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

traight-time hourly earnings of—

$
%
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
i
l
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
1 .60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.A0 2.50 2.60 2. 70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3 .A0 3.60 3.80 A.00 A . 20 A. A0
and
under

%

i

S

$

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.A0 2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3. 20 3.A0 3 .60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60

HEN
J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C LEA N ERS ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

67
30
37

$
2.52
2.79
2.30

$
2.A3
2.A8
2.39

$
1.952.181.77-

$
2.85
3.93
2.8A

4
A

8
8

L A B O R E R S , M A TE R IA L HANDLING ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

115
92
23

3.50
3.72
2.62

3.92
3.9A
2.53

2.98- 3.97
3.66- 3.99
2.19- 3.09

1
1

-

*

ORDER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

A1
18
23

2.88
3.AA
2.AA

3.11
3.29
2.A2

2.28- 3.28
3.05- A . 05
2.06- 3.13

-

L
1

2
2

116
27
89
3A

3.52
3.38
3.56
3.96

3.92
3.26
3.93
A . 00

3.252.793.3A3.9A-

3.99
A . 25
3.99
A . 07

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

10

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

-

-

-

-

10

T R U C K D R IV E R S , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND IN C LUD IN G A TO NS) ----------------

3A

3.86

3.97

3.91- A . 21

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

T R U C K D R IV E R S , HEAVY (OVER A TONS
T R A IL E R T Y P E ) ------------------------------

62

3.67

3.93

3.34- 3.99

TR U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

23
23

3.53
3.53

3.39
3.39

2.99- A . 25
2.99- A . 25

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

TRUCKDRiVERS

------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




_

_

4
3
1

A
2
2

-

_

_

-

~

3
3

2
2

5
5

*

3
2
1

_

*

A
4
-

6
3
3

3
2
1

-

3
3

2
2

10

-

-

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

10

*

-

2

1
1

11
11
-

3
3

_

-

~

_

_

4

4

_

4
-

4
-

-

5
1

_

2

4

-

4

*

i
i

3

2
1
1

3
3

1
1

3
3
“

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

5

-

5
5

-

1
1

i

3
2
1

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

9
“

4

1

50
50

15
15

-

“

“

“

-

8
8
~

-

-

“

11
10
1

“

“

“

A1

16

A1
15

16
16

i

-

3

1

7
7

6
6
-

“

4
4

21
5
16
3

”

2

3

-

-

15

4

18

-

-

26

3
3

1

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2

-

-

2

-

1

3

3

_

1

3

3

-

-

-

3
3
-

1

"

-

A
A

-

4
4
-

4

4

12

-

-

-

10

-

10

8

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t prac tice s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e provisions

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s

(D is tr ib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , S iou x F a lls , S. D a k ., D e c e m b e r 1970)
In e x p e r ie n c e d typ ists
M anufacturin g
M in im um w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 4

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied -------------------------------------------------------

66

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------- —

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o rk e rs 5
N onm anufacturing

21

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s trie s

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h o u r s 6 o f—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

XXX

45

XXX

66

40

21

XXX

45

XX X

A ll
sch ed u les

40

13

3

3

10

6

22

7

7

15

10

und er $65. 00________________________________
und er $67. 50----------------------------------------------------u n d er $70. 00________________________________
u nd er $72. 50________________________________
u nd er $75. 00----------------------------------------------------u nd er $77. 50----------------------------------------------------u nd er $ 8 0 . 0 0 _______________ ____ _____________
u nd er $82. 50 ------------------------------------ — ---------------------------u nd er $ 8 5 . 0 0 ______________________ _______ _______ —
o v e r ______________________________________________________________

2
2
5
1
.
-

_
2
-

_
2

2
2

7
2
6
2
•
1
1

3

4

2

.
2

3
.
2

2

-

.
.
3
1

-

-

-

-

4
2
.

.
3
2
-

1

1

-

.

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

2

2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m --------------------------------

10

3

XXX

7

XXX

27

9

XXX

18

XX X

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

43

15

XXX

28

XXX

17

5

XXX

12

XX X

$62. 50
$65. 00
$67. 50
$70. 00
$72. 50
$75. 00
$77.50
$80. 00
$82.50
$85. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3

-

-

1
-

-

-

•

•
.

.

•

.

-

•

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

1

1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-




T a b le

B -2 .

S h i f t d if f e r e n t ia ls

(L a t e - s h if t pay p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f pay d iffe r e n t ia l,
S iou x F a ll s , S. D a k ., D e c e m b e r 1970)
(A ll plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g » 100 p e r c e n t)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

L a t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having p r o v is io n s 7
fo r la te sh ifts

A c tu a lly w ork in g on la te sh ifts

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o ta l___________________________________________

91.1

72.5

8.3

0.1

N o p a y d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on late s h ift ______

1.4

1.4

0.1

0.1

P a y d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on late s h i ft __________

89.8

71.1

8.1

-

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ----------------------------

89.8

71.1

8.1

-

4 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ___________________________________
10 c e n t s ___________________________________
12 c e n t s —_________________________________
14 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------25 c e n t s ___________________________________

1.2
1.4
.6
15.7
1.2
67.7
2.0

.1
.3
2.1

_

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift

T yp e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l:

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .

-

3.6
1.2
66.3

-

-

-

-

5.6

-

1
0

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

h ou rs

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours of firs t-s h ift w orkers, Sioux F a lls, S. D a k ., Decem ber 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

W eekly hours
A ll industries

A ll w orkers-------------------------------

-------

— —

100

Under 3772 ho u rs---------------------------------------------------3 7 V h o u rs---------------------------------------------------------------2
Over 3 7 V2 and under 40 hours-----------------------------40 h o u rs------------------------------- ----------------------------42 h o u rs------------------------------------------------- —
------4 2 V h o u rs--------------------------2
-------------------- - - 44 h o u rs---------------------------------------------------------- -------45 h o u rs--------------- --------- --------- —
46 h o u rs------------------------------------------------- -------------4 7 Y2 h o u rs— ----— --------------------------------------48 h o u rs----------- - ------ ------ --------------------- -----------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

4

See footnotes at end of tables.




100

-

1

-

5

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities

100

1

2

71
7
2
2

100

A ll industries

83
2
2
1
3

1

2

1

2

5

4

83
13
4

8
10
77
1
2
( 9)

93
4
1

1

2

-

100
-

11

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a l l y , S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c e m b e r 1970)

Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries

A ll w orkers--------------------------------------------------

-

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h olidays_____________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h olidays_________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

99

100

100

2

-

-

-

-

3

_

(9 )

Number of days
L ess than 6 holidays______________________________
6 h olidays_________________________________________—
7 holidays _ _____________________ ________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day
— ------- ----7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s_______________________
8 h olidays------ ---------------------- -----------------------------9 holidays __ _______________________________________
----- -----— — 9 holidays plus 1 half day
10 holidays---------------------------------------------------------------12 holidays- _______________________________________
13 holidays plus 1 half d a y _____________ ________

6
24
14
1
(9 )
17
33
1
3

7

3

14
1
13
62
-

7

-

60
8
22

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

1

1

32
18
6
3
20
12
2
3
1
1

24
21
2
11
41
-

1
2
5
7

_

-

13
7
59
10
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

Total holiday time 1
0
13 V2 d a y s-----------------------------------------------------------------12 days or m ore___________________________________
10 days or m ore___________________________________
9 l/2 days or m ore----------------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------7 V days or m ore----------------------------------------------------2
7 days or m o r e ________________________________ —
6 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e ____________________________________
2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes




at e n d o f t a b l e s .

-

3
4
37
54
54
68
92
94
98

-

62
75
76
90
97
100
100

22
30
30
90
90
97
100
100
100

20

42
48
66
98
98
99

-

41
52
54
75
99
100
100

11
21
21

80
80
87
100
100
100

12

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a t io n s

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Sioux F a lls, S. D a k ., D ecem ber 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
A ll industries

A ll w orkers----------------------------- ----------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
94
6

100
95
5

100
98
2

100
99
1

100
98
2

100
100
-

*

"

"

~

*

4
6
5

4
2
6

8
-

4
22
10

6
14
8

_
10
-

86
n
12
-

92
8
-

92
8
-

45
3
52
(9 )

34
65
2

90
10
“

52
1
47
n

82
1
16
-

22
78

16
2
80
2

19
3
77
2

30
70
“

4
1
95
(9)
-

1
1
97
"

1
2
89
4
4

2
3
94
2
"

100
•

3
1
95
n
-

1
99
-

.

-

-

1
89
6
4

3
96
2
“

100
•

1
1
95
1
2

1
99
-

3
96
2

100
-

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations------------------------------------------------------L ength-of-tim e paym ent---------------------------------Percentage paym ent----------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations-------------------------------------------------Amount of vacation p a y "
After 6 months of service
Under 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------After 1 vear of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s-----------------------------------2 w eek s---- ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks------------------------------------After 2 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------------------

-

After 3 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------- ----------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks------------------------------------3 w eeks------------------- -------------------------------------------------

100
-

-

A fter 4 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eeks-----------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eeks------------------— .______________________________

100
-

After 5 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------- ---------- ------ -----------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s-----------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




100

1
81
6
12

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t io n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Sioux F alls, S. D ak ., D ecem ber 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

15
-

.>

2
-

-

Amount of vacation pa y11— Continued

After 10 years of service
1 w e e k --------------------------- ----------------------------------------2 w eek s-------- -------------------------------------------------- -----Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------------3 w eek s------------------------------------ ------------ ----------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks------------------------------------4 w eek s---------------------- — ------ -------------- — -- ---------

i
20
(9 )
78
(?)
(9 )

12
88
"

25
i
69
4
1

9
91
"

A fter 12 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s---------- -------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------- -------------4 w eeks---------------------------------------------------------------------

1
16
(9)
81
(9 )
(9)

_
10
90
-

_

1
11
(9)
50
(9)
37

_
3
34
63

_
8
79
13

1
10
(9 )
18
1
36
34

3
23
2
10
62

_
23
1
71
4
1

8
-

9
91
"

_
14
84
2

-

2
55

"
10
C1

A fter 15 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ----------------------------------4 w eeks---------------------------------------------------------------------

_
14
1
59
2

?

After 20 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2*and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ---------------------------------4 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------5 w eeks---------------------------------------------------------------------

_
13
1
2°
3
40
13

92
-

2

44

6
4
1

After 25 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s-----------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks-----------------------------------4 w eeks--------------- ----------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eeks-----------------------------------5 w eeks---------------------------------------------------------------------

1
10
(9)
16
1
33
-

38

_
3
23
2
10
62

_
8
52
40

'

_
13
1
2S




--

3

34
i
19

©
4i

______________
See footnotes at end of tables.

10
-

2
44

•

14

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a t io n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Sioux F a lls, S. D a k ., D ecem ber 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation p a y11— Continued

A fter 30 years of service
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w eek s_____________________________________________
5 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------------

i
10
(9)
16
1
29
42

_
3
23
2
10
62

_

..

.

8

13
1
28
3
30
25

2

10
_
10
35
46

-

22
70

-

44
5
8
41

Maximum vacation available
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------5 w eek s------------ — ------- ------- -_ __
_ —
Over 6 weeks-------------------------------------------------- ---------

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
10
(9)
16
1
29
42

_

_

_

3

8

13
1
28
3
30
24
i

-

23
2
10
62

-

22
70

2
-

44
5
8
41

«
,
10
10
35
46

15

T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lth ,

in s u ra n c e , and

p e n s io n

p la n s

(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Decem ber 1970)
Plant workers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

All w orkers------------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishm ents providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below ------------------

Office workers

A ll industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

97

100

100

100

100

100

Life insurance--------------------------------------------Noncontributory plans--------------------------------Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance---------------------------------------------------------Noncontributory plans_____________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 13________________________

97
67

99

100
57

91
50

98
63

100
68

Sickness and accident insurance__________
Noncontributory plans__________________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) -----------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)-------------------------------------------

48

73

45

8

1
1

Hospitalization insurance— _
— -------------Noncontributory plan s_____ ______________
Surgical insurance--------------------------------------------Noncontributory plans ____________________
Medical insurance--------------------------------------------Noncontributory plans--------------------------------Major m edical in s u r a n c e ---------- --------------------Noncontributory plans--------------------------------Dental insurance----------------------------------------------Noncontributory plan s--------------------------------Retirement pension------------------ ------ -----------------Noncontributory plans - --------- -------------- --

97
70
97
70
91

100

100

100

100
66
100
66
100
66

See footnotes at end of tables.




86

42
23

2
1

78
57

62
26

34
16

68

89

93

92

81

92

96

27
19

17
14

30

40

2
1

23
13

55
48

26

59

73

86

22

66
85
65
3

1

64
54

30

8

89

21

96

52

100

100

100

89

96

52
96
52
91
45

100

100

89
97
89

96
97
92
13
13

1

-

78
74

86
77

1
0

7
71
55

98
65

1

-

75
59

89

-

100
94

100
94

100
94
96
90
33
33
81
71

16

Footnotes

A ll o f th e s e sta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y n ot a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d le r a n g e is d e f in e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
4 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d
w ork w eek s.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 I n c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h if t s .
8 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l
o f 9 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s th e n
w e r e c u m u la t e d .
1 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t
1
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , a nd r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p la n s a r e
3
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e m i n im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l

D e s c rip tio n s

The p rim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B ureau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the B ureau's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p ervisors; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
B IL L E R , MACHINE

C LER K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

P rep ares statem ents, b ills , and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or ele ctro m atic typewriter.
May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
c le ric a l work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille r s , m achine, are
c la ssified by type of m achine, as follow s:
B ille r , machine (billing m achine). U ses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish e r, Burroughs, etc ., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd ers, internally prepared o rd ers, shipping m em o ­
randum s, etc. U sually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping ch arges,
and entry of n ecessa ry extensions, which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish e r, Remington Rand, etc ., which m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu sto m e rs' b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu sto m e rs' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of v ertical columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W orks from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOO KK E EP IN G -M A CH INE O PERATO R
Operates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
C lass A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping prin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. D eterm ines proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work.
M ay prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
C la ss B . Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under b ille r,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C LER K , ACCOUNTING
P e rform s one or m ore accounting clerica l tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com p leteness, and m athem atical
accuracy of accounting docum ents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerica l accuracy various types of rep orts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or assistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers.
M ay work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work requires a knowledge of cle rica l methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the cle rica l processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assigned w ork, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




N O T E:

Since the last survey in this area,

P ositions are cla ssified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
C lass A . Under general supervision, p erform s accounting clerica l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, clerically processing com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classification s, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perfo rm s one or m ore routine accounting clerica l operations, such as posting to
led ge rs, card s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
clea rly indicated; checking accuracy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
C LER K , FILE
C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject m atter
file s , cla s s ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, rep orts, technical docu­
m ents, etc. M ay also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the file s .
M ay lead a sm all group of low er level file clerk s.
C lass B . So rts, cod es, and files unclassified m aterial by sim ple (subject matter) head­
ings or partly cla ssified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares sim ple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in file s and forwards
m aterial.
May perform related clerica l tasks required to maintain and service files.
C lass C . P e rfo rm s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a sim ple serial classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). A s requested, locates readily available m aterial in file s and forwards m a­
teria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P e rfo rm s sim ple clerica l and manual tasks re ­
quired to maintain and service files.

C LER K , ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. M ay check with credit
department to determine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLER K , P A Y R O L L
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e cessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w ork e r's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. M ay make out paychecks and
a s s is t paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
M ay use a calculating machine.

the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for o ilers and plum bers.

17

18
C O M P TO M ETE R OPERATO R

SE CR E TAR Y— Continued

P r im a ry duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to perform m athem atical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which m ay involve f r e ­
quent use of a Com ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
K EYPU NCH O PERATOR
O perates a keypunch m achine
tabulating cards or on tape.

to record

o r -v e r ify

alphabetic

an d/or num eric

a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or

data on

C lass A . W ork requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion m ay also p erform som e routine
keypunch work.
May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
C lass B . W ork is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follow s specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R efers to supervisor
problem s arising from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P e rfo rm s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as se a le rs or m a ile rs , opening and distributing m ail, and other minor cle rica l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SE CR E TAR Y
Assign ed as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d a y work activities of the sup ervisor. W orks fairly inde­
pendently receiving a m inim um of detailed supervision and guidance.
P e rfo rm s varied clerical
and secre ta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the following: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls ,
personal c a lle r s , and incoming m a il, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper p erson s; (b) establish es, m aintains, and revises the su p ervisor's file s ; (c) maintains
the su p erv iso r's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m e ssage s from super­
v iso r to subordinates; (e) review s correspondence, m em orandum s, and reports prepared by others
for the su p ervisor's signature to assu re procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) p erform s
stenographic and typing work.
M ay also perfo rm other cle rica l and secre ta ria l tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro gram s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c r e t a r y " p o sse ss the above ch aracteristics. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follo w s: (a) P ositions which do n t m eet
the "p e rso n a l” secreta ry concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secreta ria l
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of p rofessional, technical,
or m anagerial p erson s; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com plex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, sup ervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secre ta ria l work.
N O T E : The term "co rp o ra te o f f i c e r ," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "v ic e p r e s id e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose p rim ary responsibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual cases or transactions ( e .g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerica l staff) are not considered to be
"corp o rate o ffic e r s " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
C la s s A
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
over 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 p e rs o n s ; or

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e rso n s; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate officer level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e rson s.




all,

b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 p erson s; or

Positions are cla ssified ,into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

all,

C lass B

c.
S ecretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level) over either' a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e .g ., m arketing, resea rch , operations, industrial re la tions, etc.) o r'a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
em ployees; or
d.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p e rso n s; or
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e .g ., a middle
m anagement supervisor of an organizational segm ent often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e rson s.
C lass C
a.
Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segm ents which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, fewer than 5, 000 p e rso n s.
C lass D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 person s); c>r
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff sp ecia list, professional em ployee, adm inistra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NO TE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secre ta rie s as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, G EN ER AL
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. M ay maintain file s , keep sim ple reco rd s, or p erform other relatively
routine cle rica l tasks.
M ay operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribingmachine w ork. (See transcribing-m achine operators.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy.
May also set up and maintain file s , keep reco rd s, etc.
OR
P e rfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: W ork requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, p o licies, procedu res, file s ,
workflow, etc.
U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such a s , maintaining followup file s ; assem bling m aterial for rep orts, m em orandum s, letters,
etc .; composing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc.
Does not include transcribing-m achine w ork.
SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR
C lass A . Operates a sin gle- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P e rform s full telephone information service or handles
com plex c a lls , such as conference, collect, o ve rseas, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B , or as a fu ll-tim e

19
SWITCHBOARD O PE R A TO R — Continued

TA B U L A TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATO R (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)---- Continued

assignm ent. ( "F u ll" telephone inform ation service occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone inform ation purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
C lass B . O perates a sin gle- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ite d " telephone inform ation service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serviced are readily understandable for telephone
inform ation pu rposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are referred to another operator.)

C lass B . P e rfo rm s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assign m ents typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rg er and m ore com plex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by c la ss C operators. M ay be required to do som e wiring from diagram s. M ay train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C lass C . Under specific instructions, operates sim ple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such as the so rte r, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.
Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from diagram s, and do som e filing work.

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R E C E P TIO N IST

TRANSCRIBING-M ACH INE O P E R A TO R , G EN ER AL

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-position or m onitor-type sw itch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or p erform routine cle rica l work as part of regular
duties.
This typing or clerica l work m ay take the m ajor part of this w ork e r's time while at
switchboard.

P r im a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine records.
May also type from written copy and do sim ple clerica l work.
W ork ers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal b riefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PE R A TO R (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
TYPIST
Operates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p re te r, so rter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working sup ervisors.
A lso excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
E A M equipment.

U ses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out b ills after calcu la­
tions have been made by another person. M ay include typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro c e sse s. M ay do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing records and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.

Positions are cla ssified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . P e rfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision.
Assign m ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are irregu la r or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m achines.
Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training low er level
operators in wiring from diagram s and in the operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to selection and insertion
of prewired boards.

C la ss A . P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. M ay type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C lass B . . P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licies, etc .; and setting up sim ple standard
tabulations, or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER O PERATO R — Continued

COM PUTER O PERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to p ro cess data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. W ork includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls, card s, e tc.); switches n e cessary auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustments to computer to correct operating problem s and m eet
special conditions; review s e rro rs made during operation and determ ines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or pro gram er; and maintains operating records. M ay test and a s s is t in correcting
program .
F or wage study purposes,

computer operators are cla ssified as follow s:

C lass A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critical importance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e rro r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total pro gram , and alternate program s m ay not be available.
May give
direction and guidance to lower level operators.
C lass B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: M ost of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring b a s is ; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common erro r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously p ro ­
gram ed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under direct supervision a computer running program s or segm ents of program s
with the ch aracteristics described for c la ss A . May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.




C lass C . W orks on routine program s under close supervision.
Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. U sually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
M ay a s s is t higher level operator on com plex program s.
C OM PUTER PR O GR AM E R, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of business problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the precise
instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve desired resu lts. W ork involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed.
Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed ;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects program s;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NO TE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p ro­
graming should be classified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or program ers prim arily concerned with
scientific a n d /o r engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follow s:
C lass A . W orks independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require competence in all phases of program ing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired resu lts, m ajor processing steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.

20
C O M P U T ER PR O GR AM E R, BUSINESS---- Continued
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requires
such actions as development of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirem ents exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing oT data elem ents
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to lower level pro gram ers who are assigned to a ssist.

C lass B . W orks independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro gram s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro gram s. P rogram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro cess inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available.
W hile numerous records m ay be
p ro cessed , the data have been refined in p rior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
W orks on com plex program s (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
le v e l program er or sup ervisor.
M ay a s s is t higher lev el pro gram er by independently p e r­
form ing le ss difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er lev el p ro gram ers.
C lass C . M akes practical applications of program ing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training co u rses. Assign m ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard procedures to routine pro blem s. R eceives close supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed t o ,v e r ify its accuracy and conform ance with
required procedures.

COM PUTER SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n alyzes business problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p rocessing equipment. D evelops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
p ro gram ers to prepare required digital computer p ro gram s. W ork involves m ost of the following:
A n alyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory resu lts; specifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to managem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of test problem s and participates in tria l runs of
new and revised sy ste m s; and recom m ends equipment changes t o . obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (N O T E: W ork ers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)

C OM PUTER SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problem s and advises sub ject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data processing system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segment of a com plex data processing scheme or system , as described for
class A. W orks independently on routine assignm ents and receives instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. W ork is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
C la ss C . W orks under im m ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity.
A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for system s analysis work. For example,
m ay a s s is t a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. W orks in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes.
Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts.
W orks with a m inim um of supervisory assistance.
Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determ inations.
May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by low er level draftsm en.
C lass B . P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used.
Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P repares working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and p re cise positional relationships between components; prepares arch i­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ecessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Com pleted work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P repares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accurate scale) an d ' sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r.
W ork m ay be spot-checked during p ro gress.
D R A F T SM A N -T R A C E R
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not include tracing lim ited to plans' prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
A N D /O R

Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible for the m anagement or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes,

system s analysts are cla ssified as follow s:

C la ss A . W orks independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s an alysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of diverse sources
of input data and m u ltiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops tin inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory control, cost an alysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of records
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) Confers with persons con­
cerned to determ ine the data processing problem s and advises sub ject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new or revised system s of data processing operations.
Makes reco m ­
m endations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower lev el system s analysts who are assigned to
a ssist.
C lass B .
Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related.
(For exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank.




P repares sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during p ro g ress.

W ork is closely supervised

ELEC TR O NIC TECHNICIAN
W orks on various types of electronic equipment or system s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: M odifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or a ll of the following ta sk s: A ssem blin g, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
W ork is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble an alysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic sy ste m s, sub system s, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.
E lectronic equipment or system s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, veh icle, or airborne radio communications sy stem s, relay sy stem s, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar sy stem s; radio and television transmitting or recording system s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m is s ile and spacecraft guidance and control sy stem s; industrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating, and controlling devices; etc.
(Exclude production a ssem b lers and te ste rs, craftsm en , draftsm en, design ers, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment as office m achines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

21
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)-— Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records

of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other pu rposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D

POW ERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E

MACHINIST, M AIN TENANCE

P e rfo rm s the carpentry duties n ecessa ry to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, crib s, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs,
casin g s, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m od els, or verbal instructions using a variety
of carp en ter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m aterials n e cessary
for the work. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of m etal parts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dim en­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prc-oerties of
the com m on m eta ls; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment.
In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TENANCE
P e rfo rm s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, m aintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an
establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost of the follow ing; Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as gen erators, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit
b re a k ers, m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm ission equipment; working
from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in
the e lectrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents
of wiring or e lectrica l equipment; and using a variety of electrician 's handtools and m easuring
and testing instrum ents.
In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
ENG INEER , STATION AR Y
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration , or air-conditioning.
W ork involves; Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s s o rs , gen erators, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e frig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and b o ile r -fe d water pum ps; making equipment rep airs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. M ay also su­
p ervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIR EM A N , STATION ARY BOILER
F ire s stationary b oilers to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L P E R , M AIN TE NA NC E TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trad es, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assistin g journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an.
The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perfo rm varies from trade to trade;
In som e trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working area s; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O PE R A TO R , TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig b o rers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessing item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e cessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need
dressin g, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils.
For
cro ss-in d u stry wage study pu rposes, m ach in e-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification .




M ECH AN IC, AU TO M O TIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs autom obiles, bu ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishm ent. W ork in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is­
assem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d r ills , or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting pa rts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting v a lv e s; reassem bling and installing the various
a ssem b lies in the vehicle and making n e cessary adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
M ECH ANIC, M AIN TENANCE
Repairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting pa rts; replacing broken or defective parts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep airs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n e cessa ry adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
M ILLW RIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. W ork involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of haridtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a teria ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transm ission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PA IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. W ork involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. M ay m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , M AIN TENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achine; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling

22
P IP E F IT T E R , M AIN TENANCE— Continued

TO O L AND DIE M AKER

pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p re ssu re s, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether fin ­
ished pipes m eet specifications.
In gen eral, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER, M AIN TE N A N C E
F a b ricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sh e et-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grea se pans, sh e lve s, lo c k e rs , tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m od els, or other specifications; setting
up and operating all available types of sh e et-m eta l working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem b ling; and installing sh e et-m etal articles
as required.
In gen eral, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal w orker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

C U S T O D IA L A N D

Guard. P e rfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
ord er, using arm s or force where n ecessary.
Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
W atchm an. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illeg al entry.
PO R TE R ,

C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work.
W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m od els, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recision measuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working properties of com m on m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessa ry shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a teria ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes,
shops are excluded from this classification .

tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

JANITOR,

(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)

OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, pra ctices, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping reco rd s. May direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for ship­
ment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining neces­
sary records and file s .

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash , and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m in gs; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e r s, and restroo m s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LA BO R ER ,

M AT ER IAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w are­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight c a rs , trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or w heelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical rep airs, and keep truck in good working order.
D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s:
(T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

ORDER FIL LE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored m erchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu sto m e rs' o rd ers, or other instructions. M ay, inaddition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing o rd ers, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1l/z tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TR U CK ER ,

POWER

P A CK E R , SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.

For wage study purposes, w orkers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A vailab le O n

Request

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at n o c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s ho w n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A b ilen e, Tex.
A lask a
A l b a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A l p e n a , S t a n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M i c h .
A m arillo, Tex.
A n n A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , Ga.—S .C .
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif .
B aton R o u g e , La.
B i l l i n g s , M o n t.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C heyenne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e r m ., and H o p k i n s v i l l e , K y.
C o lo r a d o Springs, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a.—A l a .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D oth a n, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a so , Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. Dak.—Min n.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —O k la .
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , M o n t.
G r e e n s b o r o r — i n s t o n S a le m —H ig h P o i n t , N .C .
W
H arrisbu rg, Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Con n.
H u n t s v i l l e , A la .

C op ies of pu blic re le a s e s

K n o x v i l l e , Term.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N e v.
L e x i n g t o n , K y.
L o w e r E a ste rn Shore, M d .-V a .
L y n c h b u r g , Va.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , Mich,
M eridian, M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n.
N e w L o n d o n - G r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n t u r a , C a lif .
V
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P i n e B lu ff , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H.—M a in e — a s s .
M
P u eb lo, C olo.
R e n o , N e v.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
Sa lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s —M o n t e r e y , C a lif .
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d - C h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s . —Conn.
H
S t o c k to n , C a lif .
T a c o m a , W a sh .
Topeka, Kans.
T u cson , A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a l l e j o — pa , C a lif .
Na
W ich ita F a lls , Tex.
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l.—N .J .—Md.

T h e e l e v e n t h annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , J un e 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m t h e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f it s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




~it U s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
.

:

1971

0 - 432-167 (24)

are




A rea W ag e

Surveys

A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f th e W a g e and H o u r D i v i s i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n . O h i o , J u ly 1970____________________________________
A l b a n y - S ch en ectady- T r o y , N .Y .,
F e b . 1970----------------A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------A lle nto wn—B e th l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . - N . J . , M a y l 9 7 0 1. .
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1970 1 --------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1 9 7 0 1-------------- ----------- — ------------ B e a u m o n t - P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ------B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1970 ------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970-----------------------------------------B o i s e C it y , Idaho, Nov. 1970 1 ---------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1 ------------------------------------------------B u r lin g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1970----------------------------------------------Canton, O h i o , M a y 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a ., A p r . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 ------------------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970----------------------------------------------------C in c in n a t i, O h io — y.—I n d ., F e b . 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1970 1 ------------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s la n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1 _________________________________________________
D a yton , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1970-------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 ----------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1 -----------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y ^ O 1 ------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1970________________________________ I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O c t . 1970 1 ___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1970 1---------------------------------------K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1970 1 ---------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1970 1 -----------H
L it tle R o c k — o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970 1 ------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970____________ —________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1970__________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1 ______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u ly 1970 1 __________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v. 1970----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1970 1 _________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971---------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1970 1 ------------------------------------------M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n ., Jan. 1971________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1685-18,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1685-21,
1 6 85-1 1,
1685-43,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1685-28,
1685-33,
1685-22,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
50 ce n ts
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
40 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35 ce n ts
50 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1685-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1685-25,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685-37,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35
30
35
35
35
35
35
30
35
40
35
35
45
35
35

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n t s
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
cents
cents

1660-64,
1685-27,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1685-30,
1685-29,
1685-40,
1660-74,
1685-44,

45
30
35
35
30
40
30
50
40

ce n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , June 1970 1______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1970 1--------------------New H av e n, C o n n . , Jan. 1971-------------------------------------------N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1971 1___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , Jan. 1970 1 ---------------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C it y , O k la . , J u ly 1970-------------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1970* ________________________
P a t e r so n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1 9 7 0 * ____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v. 1970_______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v . 1970______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1970 1_____________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R .I.—M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1 9 7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1 9 7 0 * ________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
A u g . 1 9 7 0 ___________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 0 * ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1970___________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah, N o v . 1970 1-----------------------------------San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1970--------------------------------------------San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r sid e—O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
D e c . 1970 1_________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v. 1970--------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct . 1970--------------------O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970_______________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1970 1------------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1970 1_________________________________
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970_______________________
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k., D e c . 1970 1_________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
Sp o k a n e , W a s h . , June 1970 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------T a m p a r S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970______________ __
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1970___________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 _______________________________
Utic a—R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —M d.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Io w a , N o v. 1970 1______________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1 ___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1970 1 _____________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v. 1970__________________
W

B u lletin n u m b er
an d p r i c e

1660-85,
1660-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1660-89,

35 c e n t s
50 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
75 ce n ts

1660-59,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1685-34,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
50 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts

1660-72,
1 6 8 5 - 12,
1660-65,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1685-26,
1660-71,

30 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 ce n ts

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1685-38,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685-17,
1660-56,
1 6 8 5 - 15,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1685-32,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1685-24,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A SHING TO N. D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E USE. $ 3 0 0




POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
FIRST CLASS MAIL

I

_______________________ I