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A rea Wage S urvey
The Seattle—Everett, W ashington, M etropolitan Area
O ctober 1966

B u lle tin No. 1 5 3 0 -2 2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T IS T IC S
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Seattle—Everett, W ashington, M etropolitan Area




October 1966

B ulletin No. 1530-22
January 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lit a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s.
It
y ie ld s d e taile d d ata by s e le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n s for each
o f t h e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n i n the p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (Z) the s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied.
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s for a round
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The second p a rt p re se n ts in fo r­
m a t i o n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d ivid u al m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n ited S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ab les:
1.
Z.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
In d ex es of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ----------------------------------O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s : *
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ---------------------------------m
A-Z. P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n ______________________________________________A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l l y i n e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v is io n s is obtained b ie n ­
n i a l l y i n m o s t o f th e a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , in O c t o b e r 1966.
E
The S t a n d a r d
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f
the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s of K i n g a n d
Sn oh om ish C oun ties
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e i n S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , M a x D.
K o s s o r i s , D i r e c t o r ; b y M e r l i n M e y e r , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n
o f W i l l i a m P . O ' C o n n o r . T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r the g e n e r a l
d ir e c t io n of Jo h n L . D an a, A s s i s t a n t R e g io n al D ir e c to r
fo r W ages and In d u s t r ia l R e la tio n s .




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r other
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s an d s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s i n th e S e a t t l e — v e r e t t a r e a i s
E
a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r c o n t r a c t c l e a n i n g s e r v i c e s ( J u n e 1965).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a ila b le fo r b u ild ing c o n str u c tio n ; prin tin g; lo c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e lp e r s ,
an d a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

iii

Z
3

5
8
9
10
11
13




Area Wage Survey
The Seattle—Everett, Wash., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sho w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s an d i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h our) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 86 in w h ic h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y by m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s an d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u str y g r o u p s exclu d ed fr o m th e se stu d ies are go v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the
b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b licatio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n t e d r e f le c t c o m p o site , a re aw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g an d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in an y of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e given th eir a p p r o p r ia te w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e of th e s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r a c ­
tu ally su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , t h e e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
in gs data.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w ­
i n g t y p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n i n d u t i e s w it h in
t h e s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e l i s t e d a n d d e ­
s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a fo l l o w in g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r ( l) e m p l o y ­
m e n t i n th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of i n d i v i d u a l e s ­
tab lish m e n t data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b ulletin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
t h i s a r e a . T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r ie n c e d w om e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; sc h e d u le d w eekly
h o u r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plan s
a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s
fo r this a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d i e d in S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , 1
E
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 O c t o b e r 1966

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
of study

Industry d ivision

All d ivision s

N u m b e r of e s t a b li s h m e n t s
I

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
Wit hin s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

Withi n s c o p e
of s t u d y 3

Studied

Studied
Num ber

Percent

____________________________________

_

6 30

151

237,600

100

169,250

M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ _________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________ _______ _______
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 ____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _____
S e r v i c e s 6 7 ____________________________________

50
-

225
40 5

56
95

145,200
92,400

61
39

121 , 350
47,900

50
50
50
50
50

61
90
122
69
63

25
14
24
16
16

24,200
11,500
32,900
14,500
9, 300

10
5
14
6
4

18,000
3, 7 60
15,640
7, 02 0
3, 4 8 0

1 T h e S e a t t l e — v e r e t t S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u of the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6, c o n s i s t s of K i n g and
E
Snohom ish C ounties.
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e of s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n of th e s i z e an d
c o m p o s i t i o n of the l a b o r f o r c e in c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s of c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r
e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n in g of w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e of the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , an d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n of the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and th e 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
by in d ustry division.
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (with in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
B e c a u s e the c i t y of S e a t t l e ' s e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s a n d l o c a l - t r a n s i t
f a c i l i t i e s a r e m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d , t h e y a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m the s c o p e of th e st u d y .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
of d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o ne o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s not d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , an d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o tels; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; autom obile r e p a i r sh o p s; m otion p ic tu res; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a tio n s (exclud in g r e lig io u s
an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r o n e - h a l f of th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of the s u r v e y in th e S e a t t l e — v e r e t t a r e a
E
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y
g r o u p s an d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t of a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry grou ps
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _____ 62
F o o d p r o d u c t s ___________ _______ . 8
L u m b e r and w o o d p r o d u c t s
7
( e x c e p t f u r n i t u r e ) ____________
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) _. 4
4
P a p e r an d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _____

Specific in dustries
A i r c r a f t an d p a r t s ____________'__ 53
S h i p and b o a t b u i ld i n g
an d r e p a i r i n g __________________ . 5
M illw o r k , v e n e e r , plywood,
and p r e f a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l
w o o d p r o d u c t s _________________ . 3
3
P a p e r m i l l s ___________________ _
3
S a w m i l l s and p l a n i n g m i l l s ___

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of ch an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g t h e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to t h e
d ate of the in d ex.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b etw een the in d icated d a te s.
These estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e i n a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e a r e a .
M ethod of C om p u tin g

in the o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s ta n t w e ig h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h e rev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a rn in g s for
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a tio n s in the g r o u p w e r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
for 2 con secu tive y e a r s w e re re la te d

by

dividing

the

ag g re g ate for

t h e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ’ s r e l a t i v e by the p r e v i o u s y e a r ’ s in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
f o r t h e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and women):
Book keep in g-m ach in e operators,
class B
C lerks, accou n tin g, classes
A and B
C lerk s, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerk s, payroll
C om p tom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and wom en)—
Continued
S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
T ypists, classes A and B

S k illed m aintenance (m en):
Carpenters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (autom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
U nskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

T a b le 2. Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for se le cte d occu patio n al groups in S e a ttle —Everett, W ash .,
October 1966 and O ctober 1965, and percents o f change * for se le cte d periods
Indexes
(August 1960=100)
Industry and o cc u p a tio n al group
October 1966

October 1965

Percents o f change *
O ctober 1965
to
O ctober 1966

Septem b er 1964
to
O ctober 1965

Septem ber 1963
to
Septem ber 1964

August 1962
to
Septem ber 1963

August 1961
to
August 1962

August 1960
to
August 1961

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )-----------------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en )--------------------------U n skilled p lan t ( m e n ) ---------------------------------

123.3
1 3 1 .0
125. 1
129.3

1 1 7 .8
119. 1
1 1 8 .4
1 2 3 .6

2 4* 7
1 0 .0
5 .7
4 .6

3. 5
2 .7
3 .6
4 .4

2. 3
3 .7
3 .8
2 .9

3 .4
4. 3
4 .6
5 .4

3 .5
3. 5
2. 5
5 .5

3 .9
3 .6
2. 7
3. 5

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )-----------------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en )--------------------------U n sk illed p lan t ( m e n ) ---------------------------------

1 2 2.5
128.8
1 2 5 .0
132.1

1 1 7 .4
1 1 8 .7
1 1 8 .3
1 2 5 .2

,4 .3
2 8. 5
5 .7
5. 5

2. 7
1. 7
4 .0
6 .6

2 .9
4. 1
4 .0
3. 7

4 .0
4 .2
4 .7
6 .0

3 .5
3 .9
2. 3
3 .5

3.
3.
2.
3.

Unless otherw ise in d icated , a ll changes are increases.
This ch ange larg e ly re fle cts shifts in em ploym ent betw een high- and low -w age establishm ents in addition to w age changes.




3
5
1
2

August 1959
to
August 1960

2 .6
- 1 .5
2 .4
4 .4

3 .9
2 - 1.0
2 .9
3 .2

4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
of e a r n i n g s a t o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid ay s, and late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t of the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p .

C h a n g e s i n the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in t h e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m ay have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r p a yin g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a in e d r e la tiv e ly c o n s ta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m ay have rise n co n sid e rab ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r payin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

L i m it a t io n s of D ata
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(l) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age chan ges,
(Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




The u s e of co n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b
i n c l u d e d in the d a t a . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
D a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
t h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , O c t o b e r 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(stan ard
d )

S ex , oc cu p a tio n, and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
w
eekly
hours1
'stan
dard)

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

$
55

Mean2

Median2

M
iddle range 2

S

S
60

65

$

$
70

75

S

t
80

85

$
90

$
95

S
100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$

$
120

125

*
130

140

150

T ------155

$

t

$
135

145

and
under

and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

1
-

4
1

22
16

20
12
4

15
14
5

19
16
5

22
17
9

7
5
“

3
2
-

1
1
1

4
-

3
“

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

30
7

3
2

3
2

59
59

34
34

2
1

1
-

4

-

1
1

_

-

5
-

37
15
22

28
5
23

10
4
6

5
2
3

78
76
2

12
12

3
3
~

3
2

11
10
“

4
3
~

26
26
“

2
l
■

4
4
"

8
8
8

2
2
2

32
28
28

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

“

~

-

~

5
5

37
37
36

6
6
6

11
11
11

2

_

3

7

_

_

_

_

1

16
8
8

-

-

33
9
24
11
8

16
3
13
4
6

HEN
CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------

124
87
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 1 1 5 . 5 0 - 1 3 2 . 0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 3 1 . 0 0
1 2 7 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 3 2 . 0 0

CLERKS. ORDER ---------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G --------

144
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0 1 2 5 . 5 0 - 1 3 6 . 5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 3 1 . 0 0 - 1 3 6 . 5 0

OFFICE BOYS -----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

177
114
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

7 0 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
8 5 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
6 7 . 5 0 - 7 4 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

95
87
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

9 2 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

BILLERS, MA CHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

71
59
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

2
2

4

8 5 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

-

-

8 7 . 0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
8 6 . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8 7 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

_

_

-

-

~

~

_

.

-

-

-

4

-

1
1

WOMEN

BO OK KE EP I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

241
60
181

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NQ NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

468
79
389
147
76

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,0 2 1
198
823
243
206

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

182
51

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

433
166
267

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le .




8 8 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

8 1 . 0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

“

_

8 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 1 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 0 . 5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
8 0 . 5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
8 5 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0

_

43

-

-

-

<3
►
5

1 0 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
7 6 . 5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 5 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

7 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

5 9 . 5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
9 1 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
5 8 . 0 0 - 7 2 .0 0

117

41 7
362

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

6 4 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

218
57
161

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

“

-

-

”

~

20
20

21
21

10
10

41
22
19

43
14
29

67
67

15
10
5

5
5
-

2
1
1

3

1

33

-

-

-

-

46
14
32
8
11

32
10
22

112
1
111
82
12

31
20
11

9

100
7
93
21
21

31
28
3

16
2
14

_

-

1

4

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

33
4
4

27
2
25
12
1

93
10
83
19
15

49
10
39
21
9

206
52
154
50
24

254
6
248
38
120

106
17
89
32
13

56
11
45
18
7

85
19
66
41
15

21
16
4
l

24
20
4
4
-

10
10

10
10

5
4

2
2

6
6

9
9

77
"

44
9

13
1

6
*

17
3
14

27

5

25
23
2

19
17
2

44
3

18
6

1
"

_

35
14
21

61

31
15
16

6
6
“

12
10
2

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

-

-

"

*

7

10
4
6
2
-

4
1
3

9
8
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

12
12

5
5

_

.

10
10

5

94
92
2

37
7
30
11
1

_

_

-

“
30

117

58
10
48

25

31
1
30

6 1 . 0 0 - 7 2 .0 0
6 1 . 0 0 - 6 7 .5 0

62
62

192
191

42
42

44
44

2
2

8 5 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
8 3 . 5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

_

_

-

_

17

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

~

”

17

-

“

4

9 5 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 3 . 0 0 - 1 0 9 . 0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

-

_

-

5

5
22

_
39
3
36

-

-

-

61

-

5

6
-

6

-

3

-

7
3
1

-

-

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

*

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

~

_

_
_

-

_

_

_

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

4
4

2

-

”

~

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , O c t o b e r 1966)
E

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee k l y e a r n i n g s of—
Sex, oc cu p a tio n, and in d u s tr y di v i si o n

S

A ve rage
w eek ly
w orkers

(standard)

$
55

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$
60

%

65

$

%

70

75

$
80

(
85

$

$

90

95

$
100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

i
130

$

$
135

140

S

$
145

150

and
under

155
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

$
$
9 3 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

-

1
1
-

2
2
"

7
2
5
4
-

4
4
2
l

9
8
1
1

17
3
14
3
6

43
9
34
4
12

33
19
14
9

58
43
15
5
8

35
12
23
15
7

5
2
3
2

17
11
6
2
2

31
9
22
4
5

4
1
3
2

2
1
1
1
-

3
2
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

14
14
-

18
18
4

23
1
22
4

89
5
84
60

52
52
9

30
6
24
9

45
5
40
19

14
3
11
4

31
8
23
1

65
44
21
14

1
1

_

14
14

_
-

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_
-

20
20

16
2
14
5

18
9
9
"

38
17
21
3

133
117
16
3

38
29
9
4

98
83
15
2

47
37
10
7

30
22
8
3

13
13
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
8
27
10
-

18
3
15
2
4

45
10
35
7
7

280
251
29
9
5

39
20
19
1
16

24
2
22
1
19

11
2
9

9

13
12
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

22
5
17
17
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
1
9
8
1

over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS* PAYROLL -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG - - ---PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3---RETAIL TRADE ---------

271
122
149
42
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 0 1 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

440
86
354
124

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

9 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

_
“

26
26

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

45 6
329
127
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

9 5 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

_
"

_
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

546
313
233
62
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

8 4 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
8 6 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 9 . 0 0 - 9 8 .5 0

-

3

-

-

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3---------------

106
89
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

6 1 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 -

SECRET AR IE S4 --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,7 4 6
1 ,2 2 2
524
175
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

232
180
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

721
440
281
95

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

-

-

5
5

47
-

3
3
"

47
12

9

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

“

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

24
21
"

11
8

11
8
-

11
10
5

26
22
20

14
13
5

6
5
3

1
1
1

2
1

-

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

_
-

_
-

-

85
29
56
24
3

132
31
101
8
26

162
88
74
13
2

183
138
45
11
5

25 9
215
44
13
4

25 4
21 6
38
16
8

150
127
23
10
2

201
190
11
5
4

145
127
18
14
1

4
2
-

-

-

60
23
37
9
8

3

-

34
19
15
9
-

-

“

30
12
18
12
-

3

-

6
2
4
3

-

“

6
1
5
3
-

4

-

-

22
3
1?
15
-

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

7
1
6

5
2
3

8
6
2

9
6
3

4
4
-

14
9
5

11
3
8

8
7
1

23
20
3

127
121
6

1
1

2
2

7
1
6

6
6

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

_
-

1

1
1
-

15
2
13
13

3
1
2
1

721
587
13 4
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

_
-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

1 , 779
1 ,4 0 8
371
92

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
7 6 . 5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0

-

10

57

-

-

-

-

10
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3---------------

42 6
59
367
110

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0

-

_

-

-

-

80

3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

CLASS A ----

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le .




-

-

-

-

“

~

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

1
1

3
3
3

21
13
8
8

26
6
20
5

57
12
45
20

56
10
46
2

48
6
42
2

27
13
14
6

78
43
35
9

74
56
18
7

137
119
18
7

164
158
6
4

9
1
8
7

6
1
5
3

5
2
3
3

27
12
15
9

13
6
7
1

27
16
11
3

23
15
8
3

36
15
21
6

98
75
23
6

146
121
25
5

161
157
4
3

161
15 4
7
5

4
1
3
3

11
11
“

2
1
1
1

31
14
17
3

39
12
27
4

77
24
53
7

69
10
59
3

323
273
50
7

114
89
25
6

482
466
16
12

314
300
14
6

153
13 4
19
19

109
86
23
23

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

”

“

10
2
8
8

63
3
60
31

41
2
39
13

58
11
47
1

75
9
66
3

81
19
62
20

49
3
46
13

17
2
15
7

10
2
8
3

10
3
7
6

6
3
3
1

3
3
1

-

-

3
3
3

-

5

-

5

1

13

6

28

5

2

14

1

-

-

-

“

57
1
_
-

-

-

1
1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle— v ere tt, W ash. , October 1966)
E
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
w eekly
h ours1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of —
%

Me a n 2

M edian 2

M iddle range L

$

$

%

55

60

65

$
70

$
75

$

$

$
80

85

90

$
95

$

100

$

%

105

110

$
115

$

%

120

125

S
130

$
135

$
140

$
145

$
150

and
under

60

155
and

65

70

80

85

93

95

100

135

49
46

14

46
45

34

5
5

21
19
18

14

21

62
15
47

73
31
42

31

21
2

72
18
54
3

21

9

8

10

75

110

115

120

2
2

6

12
3

6

2

1

-

4

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

over

WOMEN - C O NT IN UE D
SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATORS,
f» UAKinr AU 1UK1 m i
tr»M
*
NUNnAINUr a r m n ri /
Mj
miQi rr U r 1 LI 1 1 l O
rUDLlU u 1 n

CLASS B ----

SWIT CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M AMI 1C A r 1UrvIJNo
HAINUr AL Tl ID IMT
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — — — —— — — —— — — —— —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE ----- -------------TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
r c Nc KA L - - ----------------- —— — — —— — —
:
bt Mr n a i
N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG

--------- -------------

T V O f C T C t LLAbo A — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
r 1 A CC A
lYrlblo
M AMI IC A P Tl ID T M
_—
nAIMUr AL 1 UKINb P— ___________ — — — — — — — —
—
——

N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG — — — — — — — — — — — — —
PU BLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------------c l a s s b --------------------U AMIIC Ar I1ID Tktr
nAINUrAL r UKINb —— — — — — — —— — — - — — - — N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — — — —— — — —— — — —— — —
PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------- ---RETAIL TRADE
— ---------------

t y p is t s ,

196
155
29

$
$
$
$
87. 00 87.00 78.00- 93.00
40.0
40.0
85. 50 85.00 77.30- 89.50
40.0 103. 50 103.50 1 0 1 . 00 - 114.00

336
99
237
30

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

J39
115
208
241
28

53

1 Qfl
t? 3
78
82

88 . 00
89. 03

94.00
94.50
94.00
96.00
99.00

94. 50
90. 50

90.50
87.00
91.00
91.00

82.0083 .50Si .5386.5083.00-

3 q *c
38.5;

fit* CO
83. 5^

84.50

9 1 . nr
76.50- o?* UC

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

90. 50

92.50

00

84.50
93.00

84.00- 97.50
92.00- 1 0 0 .0 0
77.50- 95.00
79.00- 1 0 1 . 0 0

39.0
40.0

77.•u J
53
®3*

19
19

38.5
40.0

88 . 00

RS*

90 •UU

88.00

ftft

87 00
82.,50

t

*^ *

83 0^
83.00

7 1* sn
1 *J r

86 00
89.03

* nn
79 50
75.00- 90 50

-

-

3

3

19
5
14

2

5

-

12

1

21

3
3

1r
18

5

33

|3

2

10

17

21

23

55

10

17

21

~
23

90
14
76

11

15

17

6

3
16
11

**

~
98

100

98

11

l in
2
3

~

3
1

32

2

3

139
109

89
44

47
36

11

^3

*g

2

£

2

3

3

9

7
47

2^

22
23

16

16

10 3

10
21
2
10

?7

50

66

29

1

13

7

1

3

:

:

:

:

f
.

5

1

1

2

~

2

9

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d/or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these w eekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half r eceive le ss than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn le ss than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
higher rate.
3 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 May include w ork ers other than those presented separately.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle—E verett, W ash ., October 1966)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

(standard)

Numb er of worke rs receiving stra igh t-tim e we ekly earnings of—
$

$

A ve rage
w eek ly

95
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$
100

105

t

%

110

115

$

$
120

125

$
130

$

%

135

140

$
145

$
150

$
155

t

$
160

165

$
170

$
175

$
180

$
185

S

190

and
under
100

195
and

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

2
2

1
1

68
68

65
64

88
87

83
81

76
75

67
67

37
29

16
16

13
13

45
39
6

23
23

7
7

10
8
2

13

2

2

-

6
6

-

13

-

2

190

195

over

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ■
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -

516
503

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 5 7 .5 0 1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 1 5 7 .0 0

$
$
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B MANUFA CT UR IN G NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

355
295
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ■
MANUFA CT UR IN G -

597
561

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

79
77

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

_

-

_

-

-

-

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

_

125
123

1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

1
1

3
2

-

-

-

15
14
1

62
61
1

69
58
11

86
75
11

31
28

215
213

48
43

24
19

18
8

6

3
3

5
5

5
5

20
20

32
32

9
9

-

-

“

~

2
2

2
2

~

130
127

1

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

1

1

1

8

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

1

8

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employee!
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of te r m s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /or p rem iu m rates)

and the earnings correspond

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., O c t o b e r 19 6 6 )
E
A verage

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of

W eekly

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S

A verage

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------

95
87
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

71
59
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
8 8 . 5D
8 9 .5 0

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

53

4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

241
60
181

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------RETAIL TRAOE --------------

592
116
476
174
76

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------RETAIL TRADE --------------

1 ,0 5 7
222
835
247
206

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 7 . 5C
8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

189
51

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------

441
173
268

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 6 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

421
363

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

362
93
269

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------RETAIL TRADE --------------

305
151
154
46
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

- CO NTINUED

Num ber
of
workers

(standard)

441
87
354
124

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 5 .0 3
1 1 4 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

3 9 .5

$
1 0 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MA NUFACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S2 ------

457
330
127
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----RETAIL TRADE ----------

547
313
23 4
62
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 4 .5 3
8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 3

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSMA NU FACTURING ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S2

283
131
152
39

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 7 .0 3
8 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

S E CR ET AR IE S3 ----------MA NUFACTURING ----NO NM AN UFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2
RETAIL TRADE ----

1 ,7 4 8
526
177
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 3
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 3
1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 3

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING -----NO NM AN UFACTURING —

2 34
180
54

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 3
1 2 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MA NUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2

721
440
281
95

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .C
3 9 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 3
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 3

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MA NU FACTURING -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2

721
587
134
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UFACTURING —
PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2

1 ,7 8 7
1 ,4 1 3
37 4
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

43 3
59
374
115

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

1, 222

CLASS A ----

82

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

196
155
29

4 0 .0
8 7 .0 0
4 0 .0
8 5 .5 3
4 0 . C 1 0 3 .5 0

SW ITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

336
99
237
30
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 3
8 8 .3 0
9 4 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

TABULATI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

77
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

TRANSC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

139
115

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 4 .0 3
8 3 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----MA NU FACTURING ----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

450
209
241
28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 0 .5 3
9 7 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
RETAIL TRADE ----

696
198
498
80
82

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 3

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

549
536

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 7 .5 3
1 5 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

383
321
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 3
1 5 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

745
707

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 3

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

79
77

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /or prem ium rates),
correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 M ay include w ork ers other than those presented separately.




W eekly

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS
MA NU FACTURING ---NONMANUF AC TU RI NG RETAIL TRADE ---

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MA NUFACTURING ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC UTILITIES

A verage

Occupation and industry division

and the earnings

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , O c t o b e r 1966)
E
Numbe:r of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hou rly earnings of—

H ourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10

Num ber
of
M e a n 13
2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

and
under

and

2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.7D 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10

$

$

$

$

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE --MANUFACTURING -----------NQNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ------

165
115
50
28

3.59
3.59
3.58
3.3C

3.64
3.64
3.59
3.50

3.523.593.472.89-

3.70
3.68
3.92
3.56

ELECTRICIANS. MA INTENANCE MANUFACTURING ------------

340
320

3.69
3.67

3.73
3.73

3.57- 3.77
3.57- 3.77

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------

248
198
50

3.62
3.63
3.57

3.64
3.65
3.62

3.56- 3.71
3.57- 3.75
3.53- 3.67

-

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ------------

89
89

3.00
3.00

2.85
2.85

2.75- 3.31
2.75- 3.31

-

_

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MA NUFACTURING ------------

152
138

2.81
2.80

2.81
2.81

2.66- 2.87
2.66- 2.86

5
5

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --MA NUFACTURING ------------

233
219

3.61
3.60

3.60
3.59

3.46- 3.75
3.46- 3.75

_

_

“

~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------

413
198
215
166

3.61
3.69
3.62
3.61

3.65
3.65
3.65
3.65

3.613.613.623.61-

_
-

_

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING ------------

59 7
583

3.56
3.56

3.79
3.7C

3.37- 3.76
3.37- 3.76

OILERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------

110
110

3.03
3.03

3.03
3.03

2.79- 3.08
2.79- 3.08

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ------------

98
82

3.67
3.65

3.68
3.67

3.63- 3.78
3.63- 3.73

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -MANUFACTURING ------------

70
58

3.53
3.57

3.65
3.71

3.35- 3.75
3.40- 3.76

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------MANUFACTURING ------------

352
352

3.88
3.88

3.80
3.80

3.75- 4.03
3.75- 4.03

over




3.69
3.70
3.68
3.68

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends,
2 For definition of te r m s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .

8

7
7

23
16
7
6

19
7
12
12

70
68
2
2

16
15
1

7
1
6

13
1
12
-

1

1

-

-

1
-

1

29
29

23
23

29
27

2
2

215
214

_

-

6
6

-

6
5
1

17
10
7

11
9
2

36
26
10

107
81
26

23
22
1

23
20
3

8
8

9

8
8

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

16
16

67
67

34
26

17
17

84
82

~

27
19
8
8

17
8
9
9

7

269
108
161
119

23
8
15
8

51
40
11
11

113
113

92
84

2

283
283

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

8

-

“

~

-

~

7
7

8
8
-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

~

“

1
1

5
2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

~

42
42

-

11
11

4
4

4
4

53
47

10
8

71
71

7

3

_

2

6

-

-

~

_

1
1

_
_
_
-

_

_

_

~

“

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

30
30

1
1

5

_
“

18
14
4
4

22
22

42
42

63
-63

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

“

"

1
1

1
1

-

7

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

holidays,

5

1
1
-

and late shifts.

_
-

5
_

_
_

-

_
“

_

_
-

23
9
9
9
~

-

10
10

4
'

-

5
5

3
3

-

_

7
7
12
12

8
8

_

_

-

“
7
7

-

4
1

6
6

7
4

_

_

*

-

-

4

-

-

“

~

~

8
8

-

-

-

-

“

16
16

14
5

4
4

1
-

1

34
33

-

-

-

~

“

“

■

168
168

32
32

11
11

133
133

-

4
2

_

8
8

-

-

_

-

~

-

_

-

52
52

-

22
22

1
“

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., O c t o b e r 19 6 6 )

Hourly earnings2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur ly e a r n i n g s of—

of
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

GUARDS AND WA TC HM EN -----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

483
311
172

$
2.52
2.87
1.89

$
2.83
3.01
1.58

$
$
2.28- 3.04
2.79- 3 .0 6
1.36- 2 .4 0

GUARDS:
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

t
2.10

2.00 2.10

O ccupation 1 and industry division

$
$
Unde r 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0
and
$
1 . 9 0 un der

2.20

2.30

3
3

10
10

4 94
94

$
2.20

$
$
2.30 2.4 0

t
$
$
$
2.50 2.60 2 .7 0 2.8 0

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0

d
2.40 2 .5 0

2 .60 2.70

2 .80 2.90

14
14

16
16

24
24

34
34
”

15
15
”

3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 20 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0

22
19
3

29
29
~

26
26
~

1 78
178
~

29

26

1 78

-

195
177
18

23
19
4

10
9
1

-

16

4

3.80

4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 o v er

16

13

2
2

1

2 43

2.96

3.03

2.98- 3.07

WATCHMEN:
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

68

2.54

2.57

2.52- 2.65

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

34

15

9

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------- *--RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,320
543
77 7
71
187

2.43
2.73
2.23
2.56
2.22

2.40
2.77
2.17
2.55
2.13

2.142.682 .082.492 .06-

2.75
2.84
2.35
2.59
2.19

10
10
~

110
110
5

107
1
106
65

2 45
2 45
78

82
8
74
6

107
6
101
3

39
8
31
21
”

105
58
47
33
3

81
59
22
9
6

204
186
18
8
~

16

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EA NE RS
( W O M E N ) -------------------------------

-

-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

"

50
50
-

3 43

2.35

2.36

2.10- 2.58

6

24

55

45

18

40

4

82

21

48

LABORERS, M A T E RI AL HAND LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,318
4 93
825
4 42
195

3.10
3.02
3.15
3.29
2.91

2.99
2.88
3.31
3.36
2.86

2.832.682.923.322.70-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

22
16
6
6

180
128
52
8
44

91
58
33
31
2

136
53
83
83

248
96
152
10
8

47
24
23
23

33
33
2
5

12
1
11
-

2 78
2 78
278
-

162
13
149
112
20

96
92
4
4

7
7
-

OR DE R FI LL ER S -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1,031
222

3.03
3.10

2.90
3.08

2.8 5 - 3.23
2.97- 3.28

_

-

_
~

_
~

_

_
"

“

-

12
12

10
1

519
25

29
25

70
63

53

~

294
52

44
44

-

_
*

_
-

-

_
-

PACKERS, SH IP PI NG -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

266
102
164

2.92
2.65
3.09

3.01
2.67
3.08

2 .72- 3.10
2 .6 0 - 2.75
3.02- 3.22

_
-

_
-

-

4
4
~

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

21
21
-

36
36
-

29
29

31
8
23

8
8

70
3
67

13

52

_

1

•

_

_

_

13

52

-

1

PACKERS, S H IP PI NG (WOMEN) ----------

58

2.60

2.64

2.27- 2.98

-

-

-

4

16

2

-

-

20

-

-

3

13

R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

210
57
153
76

3.10
3.23
3.06
3.06

3.09
3.17
3.06
3.05

2 .983.112 .953.01-

1
1

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
"

_
-

3
1
2
2

21
21
6

33
8
25
6

48
48
45

62
26
36
13

1
1
1

2
2
2

35
20
15
-

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

_
~

SH IPPING CLERKS ---------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

115
68

3.16
3.12

3.17
3.17

2.9 8 - 3.28
2.98- 3.2 4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

SH IP PI NG AND RE C E I V I N G CLERKS ----M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

121
67
54

3.10
3.18
3.00

3.08
3.32
3.05

2.80- 3.37
3.01- 3.39
2 .59- 3.15

-

-

-

_
-

T R U C K D R I V E R S 6 ------------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---- ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

3,058
1,011
2,047
1,294
273

3.63
3.94
3.47
3.42
3.54

3.60
3.82
3.52
3.43
3.62

3.413.643.363.353.54-

3.68
4.35
3.61
3.54
3.67

”

“

-

“

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ------------------------

107

3.07

2.92

2 .8 4 - 3.18

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME D I U M 11-1/2 TO
AND IN CLUDING 4 TONS) ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------- —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




1,140
85
1,055
9 44

3.41
3.50
3.40
3.39

3.39
3.57
3.39
3.38

3.333.003.333.33-

3.38
3.08
3.38
3.40
3.02

3.18
3.50
3.15
3.10

3.55
3.80
3.55
3.53

_

_

_

-

-

~

~

“

_
"

_
-

1
1

19
19

3
1

32
19

25
25

_
-

21
2

_
-

2
“

-

_
-

_
-

15
15

5
5
"

11
11
-

_
-

2
2

34
13
21

7
7

2
2

22
22

15
12
3

8
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
“

13
13
13

“

-

_
-

12
4
8
8
~

115
2
113
75

55
17
38
8
30

3
1
2
2

4
4
-

1
1
-

5 34
534
50 0

81 2
61
751
62 5
60

956
394
562
78
142

176
169
7
7

19
19
19

18 4
184
-

120
120
-

-

4
4
~
2

-

-

11
-

_

“

1
1

_

-

8

38

30

-

7

18

50 0
50 0
50 0

438
27
41 1
361

48
14
34

21
21

12
12

-

-

-

_

_

_

13
13

—

_
~

“

_
“

_
-

~

4
4
-

77
2
75
75

24
16
8
8

4
3
1
2
"

_

“

_
~

-

~

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle—Everett, W ash. , October 1966)

Numb e r of w o rk e r s re c eiving s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n in g s i of—
$
$
$
$
$
t
%
$
$
$
2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0

H ourly e a r n in g s1
2

$
1.90 2.00

$
2.10

$
2.20

$
$
2.30 2.40

$
and
1 . 90 un der
2.00 2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40 2.50

-

-

%

N um ber

Occupation1 and industry division
M e an 34

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge 3

$
3.60

%
$
$
3.80 4.00 4.20

$
4.40

$
4.60

4.00 4.20

4.4 0

4.60

over

12
~

~

~

172
172

120
120

50
50

_
”

_
~

_
"

_
-

_

_

_

_

and
2.60

2.70 2 .8 0 2 .9 0

3.00 3 .1 0

3 . 20 3 . 3 0

3.40

3.60

3.80

31
31

260
260
204

49 2
4 68
78

18
6
~

TR UC KD R I V E R S 6 - CO NTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY IOVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --- ----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 5---------------

8 20
772
282

$
3.62
3.60
3.51

$
3.62
3.62
3.47

$
$
3 .4 9 - 3.67
3 .4 8 - 3.66
3 .4 3 - 3.61

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY COVER 4 TONS,
OT HE R THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

658
580

4.12
4.19

4.2 4
4.31

3 .6 9 - 4.51
3 .8 5 - 4.52

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

87 5
673
202

3.09
3.02
3.35

3.05
3.02
3.39

2 .9 6 - 3.23
2 .9 2 - 3.06
3 .2 8 - 3.45

_
~

_
“

_
"

_
-

_
”

_
“

3
3
“

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

211
206

2.99
2.99

3.04
3.04

3 .013 .0 1 -

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

-

-

-

3.07
3.07

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise
indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and lateshifts.
For definition of te r m s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
W orkers were distributed as follow s:
75 at $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 ; 15 at $ 1 .5 0 to$ 1 .6 0 ;
and 4 at $ 1 .8 0 to $ 1 .9 0 .
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv er s, as defined, regard le ss of size and type of truck operated.




-

_
_
~

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

30
30
“

110
110
"

134
134
~

355
3 54
1

22
22

3
3

7
3

8
8

164
164

_

-

_
“

-

2
2

_

5
2
3

_

-

1
1

3

30
15

143
83

136
13 6

61
61

41
41

103
15
88

8
8

25
25
~

6
6

1

_

_

_

7
7
"

_

-

~

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing die items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

16

SECRET ARY— Conti nue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e:ftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

17
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

P O WE R P L A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following; Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gate men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

22

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 */2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e s e v e n t h an n ual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn eys, ch em ists, en gin eers, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t r a t e c l e r k s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1535, N a t i o n a l
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l
50 c e n t s a c op y .

S u rv ey of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
Pay, F e b ru ary — arch 1966.
M

U .S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F FIC E : 1967 - 2 5 3 - 6 0 3 / 3 9




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y i ndi cat ing dat es of e a r l i e r
a va i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t
o r f r o m an y o f t he B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh o wn on t he i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

B u 11e t i n n u m b e r
__ and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u n e 1966 1__________ ______ ______ ____________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1 __________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1966 1_______________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N. J . ,
F e b . 1 9 6 b 1---------------------------- --------------- --------------------------------A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1966 1 _____ ____ — - _____________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v . 1965 ____________ ________ ____________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1966 1___ _
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 ___ ____________________ _____
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1966 1_____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t . 1 9 6 6 ___________________________________

14 65- 81,
1465 - 6 0 ,
1465-64,

30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1465-53,
1465-71,
1465-29,
1465 - 6 3 ,
1465-56,
1530-2,
15 3 0 - 1 6 ,

25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1965 ----- -------------------------------- --------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1966 ________________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o . A p r . 1966 1_____________ _________ ____________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1966 1 —________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1966 1
-----------------------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , S e p t . 1966 1_____ ______________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 --------------------------------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . - l n d . , M a r , 1966 1 _________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1966 1______________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1066 1------ — _______________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1965 _____ ________________________________

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
15 3 0 - 2 0 ,
1465-24,

25
20
25
25
25
30
30
24
30
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c ent s
cents
cents
c ent s
cents
c ent s

D a v e n p o r t - R o c k I s 1an d —M o 1i n e , I o wa —
111.,
O c t . 19 66 1------ ---------------------------------- ------------------------------ ------D a y t o n , O h i o , Jan. 1966 1 ________ __________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1965 1 _____ _____ —_____________ _____
D e s M o i n e s , I o wa , F e b . 1966 1 —__________ _______________
D et r o 1 1, M i e h ., J an. 19 6 6 ------------------ _-------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ____ _______ _________ _________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g . 1966 1---------------- --------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1966 1________ ______________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , Ju n e 1966 1 ----- —----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1965 1 _________________ ____ _______

15 3 0 - 1 9 ,
1465-39,
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1465-26,
15 3 0 - 5 ,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1 4 6 5 - 3 1,

30
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
30
30

c e nt s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-44,
1465-41,
1465 - 2 7 ,
1465-80,
1 5 3 0 - 1,

25
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
c ents

1465-59,
1465-51,
146 5 - 7 9 ,
15 30 -4,
1465-42,
1465-30,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
30
23
25

cents
c ent s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1966 1____ ___________________ ______ _
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1966 .._________ ______________ _____
K a n s a s C i t y , M o , —F a n s . , N o v . 1965 1____ _______________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1966 1 ________
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , A u g . 1966 1_____
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m —
Sant a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1966 l„_____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , F e b . 1966 ____ ________ ______ ___ _____
L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju ne 1966 1_____ ____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , Aug. 19 6 6 1
_____ ____________ ____________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1966 1 ________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1965 1__ _____________ _______ _____________
M i d l a n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J u ne 1966 1 _________________


1 D ata on esta
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ b lish m e n t
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

p ra c tic e s and supplem entary’ w age provisions are also presented.

s t u d i e s , and t he p r i c e s o f t he b u l l e t i n s i s
P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 20 204,

Area

B u l l e t i n n u rnb a r
__a nd p r i c e

Mi l w a uke e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 ---- ------------.-------------------------------—
Minneapolis—
St. P a u l , M i n n . , Jan, 1 9 6 6 --------------------------M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1966 1 --------N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 1966 1 --------- - --------N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , Jan. 1966 1 ------------------------------------------ N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1966. ______________________ _________
Ne w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1________________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , June 19 6 6 ------ -— --------------- -------------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1966 1______ ___________________

1465-61,
1465-38,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
25
25
30

ce nt s
cents
ce nt s
c ents
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

146 5 - 7 7 ,
1530-6,

20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

O m a h a , N e b r .—I o w a , O c t . I 9 6 6 --------------------------------------- —
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1966 1 -------------------C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1965 l , ______________________
_
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1966 1______ ____ ________ ______ ______
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 19 66------------------------------- --------------------P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 6 -------------—
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1966 1 ____ -______ ______ —
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W ar wi c . k, R . I . —M a s s . ,
May 1966 ___________ ______________ _____ - _______ _______________
R a l e i g h . N , C ., Se p t . 19 6 6_.-----,,,--------------- -------- ------ —-------—
R i c h m o n d , V a . , No v . 1965 1 ------------------------— ------------------ —
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1966 1 ______

1530-18,
1465-76,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25c e n t s
25c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1465-65,
1530-7,
1465-28,
1465-66,

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c (nits
25 c e n t s

St. L o u i s , M o .-111., O c t . 19 65__ _____ — ___________________
Salt L a ke C i t y , L t a h, D e c . 19 6 5 ------------------ —--------------------Sun A n t o n i o , T e x . J u n e 1 9 6 6 ------------ ---------------- ------ ----------San Be rn a r di oo- -R i v e r s id e - O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
Sept . : <mb______________ ________ ____ _______________ __________
San D i e y o , C a l i f . , No v . 1965 _______ ____________________ ___
Sat, F r : m c j s ( o - O u k l a n d , C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1— ____ -_____ San J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 19 6 6 --------------- _--------------------------------

1465-22,
1465-32,
1465-78,

25
20 < m i f «;
.
20 c e n t s

1530-14,
1465-21,
1465-43,
1 5 3 0 - 10,

2'•
J"
30
20

Savannah, G a ., May 1966 1----------- ...---------------- -----------

1465-69 ,

2 > ei1 s
*> . 1

S c r a n t o n , P a . , A u g . 1 9 6 6 ------------------------------------------------------- S e att 1e—E v e r e 11, W a s h . , O c t . i 9 6 6-------------- --------------- --------

15 3 0 - 3 ,
1 53 0 - 2 2,

2v cents
.5
25 ce nt s

S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k , , O c t . 19 6 6 --- ---------------------------- ----- ----Sout h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . i 96b 1--------------------------- ------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , June 1 9 6 b
---------------------— --------— ---------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ., Sept . 1956 1----------------------T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , F e b . 19 6 6 —— ------------------------- ------------T r e n t o n , N . J . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 - __ -___- _ - _ _____ — __________
_ _
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C - M d . - V a . , O c t . 1966 1— — ---------------------

15 3 0 - 1 2 ,
1465 - 55,
1465-75,
15 3 0 - 9 ,
146 5 - 4 9 ,
1465-34,
1 5 3 0 - 1 5,

2c
2.0
25
20
20

W a t e r b u r y , C o r m ., M a r . I 966 1----------- ------------------------

1465-52,

25 i. ent r

W a t e r l o o , I o wa , No v . 1966 1 ____ ____ — ___________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , O c t . 196 6 1
---------- --------- ----------- -------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju ne 1966 1----------- -------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1966 1 -------------------- ----- -- ----------------------------Y o u n g s t o w n ~ ~ W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1965 1 ----------------------------

.153 0 - 2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 - 1 1,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1465-25,

2c
25
2c
25
25

c-nls
< c ut s
.
c ents
i ent s

20c e n t s
cents
cents
cents
cents
c ents
30c e n t s
c units
c ents
ce nt s
« ent s
.
< < 11 1.s
■


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102