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Area Wage Survey
Seattle-Everett, Washington,
Metropolitan Area, January 1976
Bulletin 1900-6
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




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Preface
This bulletin p r o v i d e s r e s u lts o f a January1976 s u r v e y o f oc c u p a t io n a l e arn in g s in the Seattle—
E v e r e t t , W a sh ing ton , Standard M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t is t i­
c a l A r e a (King and S n oh om ish Cou n ties). The s u r v e y
was m a d e as part o f the B u reau o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s '
annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w hich is d e s ig n e d
to y ield data f o r individual m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s as
w e ll as national and r e g io n a l e s t im a te s f o r all
Standard M e tr o p o lit a n S t atistical A r e a s in the United
States, excludin g A l a s k a and Hawaii.
A m a j o r c o n s id e r a t i o n in the a r e a w age
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w ag es in a v a r ie ty o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
through the a n alysis o f (1) the l e v e l and d is tribu tion
o f w a g e s by o c cu p a t io n , and (2) the m o v e m e n t of
w a g e s by oc cu p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and sk ill l e v e l. The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a t io n that m a y be u sed f o r
m a ny p u r p o s e s , including w age and s a la r y a d m i n ­
is t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a rg ain in g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e rm in in g plant lo c a t io n .
S u rvey r e s u lts a lso a r e
u sed by the U.S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r to m ake w age
d e t e r m in a tio n s under the S e r v i c e
C on tract A c t
o f 1965.
C u r r e n tly , 84 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o ­
gram .
(See list o f a r e a s on in side b a c k c o v e r . )
In
each a r e a , o c cu p a t io n a l earn ings data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually. In form ation on e sta b lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and
su p p le m e n ta r y w age b e n e f i t s
is obtain ed e v e r y
th ird y e a r .

E a ch y e a r after all individual a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y s have been c o m p le t e d , two s u m m a r y bu lletin s
a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t b r in g s tog e th e r data f o r each
m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
national and r e g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
indiv idual m e t r o p o l ita n a r e a data.
The Seattle— v e re t t s u r v e y w as c ondu cted
E
by the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e , in San F r a n c i s c o ,
C a lif . , under the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f Milton Keenan,
A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
The s u r v e y cou ld not have been a c c o m p l i s h e d without
the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the many f i r m s w h o s e w age and
s a la r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the st a t ist ica l
in fo rm a t io n in th is bulletin .
The Bu reau w ish e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a t io n
received.

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e arn in g s and s u p ­
p le m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s i o n s in the S e a tt le - E v e r e t t
a r e a a r e a v a ilab le f o r the c o n t r a c t c lean in g s e r v i c e s
industry (July 1974). A l s o a v a ilab le a r e lis tin g s o f
union w ag e rates f o r building t r a d e s , printing t r a d e s ,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t op er a tin g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s
and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
Free
c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a ilab le f r o m the B u r e a u 's
r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(See b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Bulletin 1900-6

A rea W age Survey:

June 1976

S e a ttle -E v e re tt, W ashington,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan Area
January 1976

Contents

Page

Introduction ________________________________________

2

Page

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

Scope and method o f su r v e y
O cc u p ation a l d e s c r i p t i o n s . . .

T a b le s :
A.

Earnin gs:
A - l . W eek ly earnin gs o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . .
A - 2 . W eek ly earnin gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x ____________________
A - 4 . H ou rly earnin gs o f m a in ten an ce,
t o o l r o o m , and pow erplant
w o r k e r s ______________________________
A - 5 . H ou rly earnin gs o f m a t e r ia l
m ov em en t and cu s tod ia l
w o r k e r s ______________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly earn ings of
m a in ten an ce, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s tod ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x _________
A - l . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly earnin gs fo r se l e c t e d
oc cu p a tion a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r em p loym en t s h i f t s ______________




3
5

6
7

8

10

11

1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S, Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price
cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
(c) m a in ten an ce, t o o l r o o m , and pow erp lan t, and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u stodia l.
In the 31 la r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , ta bles A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r est a b lis h m e n t s em p loy in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or more.

This a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w hich the U.S.
D epartm ent of L a b o r ' s Bureau of L a b o r Statistic s
c ondu cts su r v e y s o f o c cu p a t io n a l earn ing s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by
a c om bin a tion of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u estion n a ir e,
and telephone in ter v iew .
R e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts within six b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M anufacturin g; tran sp ortation , c o m m u n i c a ­
tion,
and other public u tilities ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e;
r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in s u r a n c e , and r ea l estate;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in dustry groups e x c lu d e d f r o m
th ese studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p er a tion s and the
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u str ies .
E s t a b lis h ­
m en ts having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber of
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e of in su ffic ien t e m p l o y ­
m en t in the oc cu p a tion s studied.
Separate ta bu la­
tions a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in du stry
d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blica tion c r it e r i a .

Tab le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e h ou r ly earn in g s of o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in du stria l
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten an ce tr a d es w o r k e r s , and
u n s k illed plant w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s i b l e , data are
p r e s e n t e d f o r all in d u s tr ie s , m anu factu ring, and
nonm an ufacturin g.
This table p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e of
wage trends a f t e r elim in a tion of cha nges in a v e r a g e
earn in g s c a u se d by em p lo y m e n t shifts am ong e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r of est a b lis h m e n t s in ­
c lud ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu rt h e r d etails , see
appendix A.
A pp en d ixes

A - s e r i e s ta bles
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the methods and c o n ­
c e p ts u sed in the a r e a wage s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s in f o r m a t io n on the s c o p e o f the su rvey .

T a b le s A - 1 through A - 6 p r o v id e e stim a tes
o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly earnin gs f o r w o r k ­
e r s in oc cu p a tion s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y of manu­
f a c tu r in g and nonm anufacturin g in du stries.
O ccupa­
tions w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the fo llow in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and tech n ical,

A pp endix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u sed
by Bureau f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by
occu pation .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f—

weekly

of
workers

Occupation and industry division

*

I

Average

$

Median *

(standard]

Middle ranged

*

S
100

90

80

no

3

5

S

S

S

*

S

$

S

S

S

*

S

S

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

1 --280

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

over

118
109
5
5

227
210
10
9

229
178
6
8

273
185
4
12

255
165
17
7

270
143
28
8

229
134
14
28

262
120
28
12

157
48
11
3

216
65
10
7

209
48
9
8

127
20
7
8

104
19
10
1

69
11
3
3

14
11
7
1

31
23
19
1

and
under
n o , 120

90

all

100

-

-

-

20
20
3

51
51
3
-

-

-

.
-

-

-

11
11

1
1

12
3

12
3

28
10

30
30

23
7

13
3

20
3

25
1

39
2

63
1

56
4

3
2

13
*11

-

22
21
3

7
5
*

43
20
-

34
15
3

47
21
10

46
18
2

66
25
1

43
15
1

85
28
1

104
16
2

71
5
4

33
11
7

4
2
“

5
5
3

9
8
4

9
5
2

6
4
3

9
4
4

workers

$
1$
193.00 190.00
177.50 171.00
211.50 203.50
192.00 195.50

$
$
161.00-223.00
150.00-196.00
18^.00-233.50
162.00-213.30
1 8 * . 0 0 - 2 2 0 .So

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,861
1,560
191
124

SECRETARIES. CLASS A -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

349
92

40.0 230.50 239.50
40.0 210.50 195.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS B -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

624
220
41

40.0 212.50 219.50 187.50-235.00
39.5 202.50 204.50 173.00-228.00
40.0 223.00 223.00 18*.00-257.30

.

-

_

-

-

-

*

-

-

5
5
-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,259
679
63

40.0 189.00 188.00 161.50-210.50
40.0 181.50 175.50 157.50-203.30
39.5 220.50 214.00 208.50-238.30

_
-

•

_
-

2
2
*

1
1
“

21
16
-

111
96
3

127
94
1

127
81
-

136
82
3

134
55
1

126
64
1

155
74
18

99
29
9

107
31
8

69
25
5

11
10
2

7
6
3

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------— ---- —
PU BL IC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

629
60
569
64

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5

158.50
169.5t
156.50
182.00

138.00-175.00
155.51-196.50
13-.00-174.00
156.50-198.00

-

.

-

83
1
82
4

94
16
78
5

91
10
31
4

73
8
65
10

61
4
57
9

25
3
22
11

18
4
14
9

2
1
1
*

4
i
3
1

11
5
6
2

6
3
3
1

_

18
*

92
4
88
5

1

“

50
50
3

-

-

18

-

-

1
“

*

*

*

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------- -----PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

442
218
55

40.0 173.00 171.50
39.5 164.50 149.50
40.0 223.50 244.00

146.50-190.00
13-'.00-189.00
18v.50-250.00

•
-

•
-

.
-

9
9
-

37
34
"

51
45
1

37
36
i

23
20
4

36
9
4

85
5
i

54
9
4

23
4
”

48
10
3

-

*

10
8
8

15
IS
15

7
7
7

6
6
6

1
1
1

_
~

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

639
64
575

36.5 161.00 155.50
39.5 177.01) 171.00
38.5 159.50 152.00

14*.00-176.00
16".00-190.00
14*.00-173.00

.
-

.
-

“

-

37
4
33

72
4
68

179
2
177

54
4
50

81
16
65

76
8
68

70
12
58

34

62
2
80

3
3

4
4

5
2
3

-

_

-

2
2
*

_
-

29

TRANSC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE TYPISTS ------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG — ---------------

153
151

39.0 139.50 129.00 11-.00-149.50
39.0 139.50 129.00 115.00-149.50

•

.

29
29

42
42

6
4

36
36

11
11

-

”

*

*

_
“

-

-

6
6

.

-

13
13

-

-

TYPISTS. CLASS A --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

257
221

39.5 147.00
39.5 146.00

131.00-163.00
13).00-162.00

_

-

8
8

18
18

33
26

69
64

34
24

22
20

28
21

29
26

5
5

-

9
9

”

_

“*

*

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

527
499
54

39.5 131.00 126.50 112.50-138.00
39.5 130.50 126.50 11 1.50-136.00
40.0 173.00 20 2 . 5C 14.- ,50-202.50

_
-

62
62
-

46
45

98
91
6

122
116
-

81
72
4

21
20
11

31
27
3

11
11

-

8
8
1

2
2
1

7
6
“

38
38
28

*

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A ----------------

130
74

39.0

153.00

107.00-184.00

-

-

-

2

-

10

-

16

26

7

9

FILE CLERKS, CLASS 3 ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

315
296

39.5 143.50 124.50
39.5 142.50 122.00

lit.00-180.00
10 “•50-160.00

-

9
9

70
70

65
63

22
22

19
16

11
10

10
10

10
5

11
3

19
19

5

*

61
61

14
10

49
48

26
26

21
21

10
10

10
9

4
4

26
12

8
6

3
3

10

8
8

-

1
1

37
37

13
12

52
51

12
12

12
12

4
2

13
13

1

7
2

1
1

s e c r e t a r i e s --------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

-

4«C9

nonmanufacturing

160.00
178.50
158.00
178.00

147.00

108.00

140.00
138.00

96.00

191 .50-257.00
-

9*.5i

-

-

*

-

111.30

190
168

40.0 135.00 121.00 10 .50.-163.00
40.0 133.00 119.50 109.50-153.30

.

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --------

164
154

39.5 145.00 138.00 121.0G-151.00
39.5 143.00 138.00 121.00-151.00

*

W orkers

S ee

w ere

fo o tn o te s

distributed

at en d




as

follow s:

1 at $ 2 8 0

to

$290;

2 at $ 3 0 0

to $ 3 1 0 ;

7

2

5

*
10
10

*

-

*

*

*

_
*

“

2
*

*

*

*

1
1
*

*

*

*

“

_
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

*

-

-

*

1
1

-

“

*

*

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

“

“

*

3
3

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

6

-

--------------------------------

7

1

m e s s e n g e r s ---------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------

nonmanufacturing

53

5

_

3 at $ 3 1 0

to

$320

o f t a b le s .

3

2 at

lu

$320 t o $ 3 3 0 ; 2 a t $ 3 3 0 t o $ 3 4 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 380 t o $ 3 9 0 .

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1976— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
o
f
workeis

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of--

i

$
80

weekly
(standard) Mean*

Median *

Middle ranged

s

5
90

100

$

no

$
120

i

S
130

140

S
150

$

$
160

170

$
180

S
190

210

s

s

S

S
200

220

230

S

*
240

250

%

260

%

270

and
under

280
and

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

3
l
2

92
16
76

72
29
43

76
11
65

68
11
57

32
12
20

26
11
15

6
3
3

14
2
12

-

2
1
1

-

“

-

.
-

*

6
2
4

25
6
19

29
28
1

28
10
18

1
1

37
14
23

43
2
41

15
10
5

4
-

137
137

-

.
-

-

-

•

*

96
17
79
6

211
10
201
79

66
10
56
10

110
23
87
11

58
18
40
6

301

”

136
17
119
38

75

“

19
6
13

66
2

293
13

32
32
24

58
-

158
6
152
35
11

300
32
268
38
82

236
76
160
5
32

189
55
134

90
26
64
36

87
27

63

8

10
7

39
17
22
9
7

87
1
86
75
7

18
7
11
3
4

*

2
2

10
10

10
10

3
3

3
2

1
*

2

ii

n
n

14
14

6
“

1
1

5
5

24
20

20
20

*

3
3
”

18
14
4

18

46
27
19
3

30
10
20
7

3
3
1

•

17
17
*

52
52
“

100
100
2

102
100

8

46
42
4

n
n

48
1
47

117
22
95
11

158
22
136
41

129
15
114
7

91
11
80
22

90

100

-

4
4
-

25q

260

-

-

1

1
•
1

160
160

20
20

60
60

26
13
13

6
4
2
-

15
5
10
*

7
7
*

41
5
36
28
7

.
-

3
3
*

2
1
1
1
*

6
6
*

-

20
10

-

-

*

-

1
1

“

8
7

1
1

-

*

-

*

28
3
25
17

28
11
17
10

14
2
12
3

26
13
13
10

5
5
1

2
2
1

2
2
2

_
-

-

-

*

41
32
*

23
20
*

36
32
9

15
14
-

33
33
3

17
9

2
2
2

24
22
22

1
1

2
2
2

10
-

24

35

12

1
•
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

12
7

2
2

-

35
34

36
3
33
23

•

24
12

15
1
14

-

-

270

280

over

"

*

6

-

-

*

*

“

29
10
19
*

51
22
29
*

-

14
12
2
*

4
4
-

-

ALL W O R K E R S —
CO NTINUED

$

$
$
136.00 121.00-149.50
131.00 121.00-153.00
136.00 119.0C-145.00

$

s w i t c h b o a r d O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- ----- — --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

402
101
301

39.0 138.00
39.5 137.00
39.0 138.50

ORDER CLERKS -------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

572
B2
490

40.0 202.50 205.00 17".50-230,00
40.0 158.00 145.00 13C.00-172.00
40.0 209.50 207.00 201 .50-23O.00

-

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS A -------------

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------RE TAIL TRADE ----------------------------

1,220
184
1.036
173

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

182.50 175.50 15-'.00-207.50
198.50 181.00 152.00-236.50
179.50 172.50 152.00-207.50
160.00 154.00 145.00-165.50

-

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS B --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,355
266
1,089
277
234

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

141.50
151.50
139.00
155.00
139.50

138.00
142.50
132.SO
157.50
139.00

124.50-15M.00
136.00-161.00
121.00-151.50
121.00-180.50
124.50-146.00

B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

67
53

39.5 168.00
39.5 160.50

155.50
149.50

130.00-204.50
13 i.00-204.50

-

BI LL IN G- MA CH IN E b i l l e r s ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

102
91

39.5 159.50
39.5 161.50

155.50 121.00-161.00
155.50 115.00-161.00

“

-

PA YR OL L CL ER KS -----------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

237
91
146
69

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

170.50
149.50
175.00
180.50

147.50-192.00
14h.00-186.00
150.50-195.00
17n.5C-207.50

-

-

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

521
478
61

40.0 161.00 148.50 135.00-181.50
40.0 157.50 147.50 132.50-177.00
39.5 202.50 2 1 0 . SO 180.50-236.50

.
-

-

*

-

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- --------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------

679
77
602
166

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

-

-

-

-

manufacturing

------------------------------

172.50
163.50
178.00
195.00

145.00 140.50 126.50-154.00
141.00 134.50 123.00-146.00
145.50 140.50 12^.50-154.00
162.50 163.00 138.00-177.00

_
-

*

-

-

-

58

6

n

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

8

10
3

8

60

-

-

-

4

9

8

8

-

8

8

-

1

6

-

•
•

6

1
-

-

-

-

5
5
5
*

-

*
-

-

6

-

5
5

11
11

_
*

.
*

5
3
2
2

8
-

-

8
8

1
1

“

1

-

.

•

-

-

*

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Seattle— Everett, Wash., January 1976
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of w c rkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of--

Mean

*

Median

*

Middle range*

150
Under and
S
under
150
160

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

S

$

s

s

s

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

$
300

320

$

s

340

360

380
and

170

180

190

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

11
11

JQP

320

340

360

9
7

17
16

4
4

8
*

14

10

380 'Over

19
18

20

200

28

WORKERS

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

208

CO MPUTER PROG RA MM ER S

190
177

$

14

20
20

18
18

36
34

3

11

35
16

17
14

16
16

4
4

9
9

3
3

-

-

-

i
i

1
1

7
7

"tnn*^n
JOU.^0

39*5
COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS B ----------- ---N O N M A N UE AC TU RI NG -----------------

$

$

o c

all

1
S

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

39.5 307.50 278.50 25 9.00-321.00
39.5 306.50 277.50 25 9.00-316.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

2
2

-

-

6
6

8
8

13
13

-

*38
38

(BUSINESS),
336.50
330.00

135

288.00-390.00
<.6*00

195
1A0

39.0 277.50 266.50 24 4.00-306.50
38.5 279.00 264.50 241.50-328.00

COMPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS C ---------- — ----- — - — — --- -N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N G ---------- ----- ------------- -----------

62
55

39.0 242.00 244.00 19f,.00-309.00
39.0 248.50 25 3. 50 187.00-309.00

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N G ------------------------ ----------------

180
150

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS. CLASS t ) ------------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N G -----------------

-

-

-

*

*
*

-

-

1
1

6
6

8
8

6
6

13
13

5
5

-

9
9

10
3

2
2

3
3

-

-

*

7
6

12
4

8
8

6
6

24
24

-

-

-

-

10
10

4
4

2
2

1
1

13
13

9
9

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

17
9

19
3

-

*

-

-

-

-

39.5 233.00 228.00 20 2.00-267.50
39.5 233.50 227.50 197.50-277.00

-

-

_

*

-

~

10
10

20
20

8
8

11
11

17
17

28
19

33
12

264
218

39.5 186.50 184.00 161.00-200.50
39.5 182.00 184.00 161.00-194.50

22
19

34
33

36
34

22
13

59
50

17
17

28
27

19
10

7
5

2
2

3
2

2
1

5
5

8
-

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------N O NM AN UE AC TU RI NG -----------------

101
97

39.5 215.50 230.00 165.00-251.00
39.5 214.50 230.00 162.50-252.00

10
10

14
14

3
3

3
3

1
1

2
2

3
3

5
5

9
7

13
11

11
11

13
13

9
9

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS, CL AS S A --------------------

694

*
*
o
o

COMP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — ----- -------—

**53
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

59

82

53

102

98

132

88

22

-

3

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS 8 -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ---- -----------NO NM A N U E A C T U R I N G -----------------

350
269
81

40.0 228.50 222.00 21 1. 00 -2 37 .5 0
40.0 228.50 222.00 21 1.00-237.00
40.0 228.50 223.50 21 3. 00 -2 40 .0 0

-

1
1

4
2
2

10
5
5

21
11
10

108
88
20

87
72
15

46
40

19
11

6
5
1

21
18
3

13
10
3

2

6

11
7
4

-

2

1
1

•
-

•
-

•
-

E L EC TR ON IC S T E C H NI CI AN S ------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------NONMAN UE AC TU RI NG :

272
175

40.0 247.50 246.50 206.50-289.00
40.0 219.00 219.00 188.00-245.00

17
17

13
13

17
17

11
11

14
14

17
17

16
16

18
18

12
12

5

8

2
2

28

7

73
6

5

5

4

-

-

-

277.00 279.00 25 P.00 -294.00

-

-

-

-

5
5

3
3

-

.

-

-

'0 0
8

8

1
EL E C T R O N I C S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS AR E GI ST ER ED IN DUSTRIAL NU RS ES

*
**
See

W ork ers
W ork ers
fo o tn o te s

w ere
w ere

----------------

d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d

as
as

120

40.0 265.00 283.50 22 9.50-289.00

-

-

52

40.0 253.00 257.00 23 6.00-257.00

*

fo llo w s :
fo llo w s :

1 a t $ 4G 0 t o
7 a t $ 380 to

$ 420;
$400;

5

6

3

8

7

4

3

*

1

5

3

3

5 a t $ 4 2 0 t o $ 4 4 0 ; 30 a t $ 4 4 0 t o $ 4 6 0 ; a n d
4 5 a t $ 4 0 0 to $ 4 2 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 4 2 0 t o $ 4 4 0 .

at end o f t a b le s .




1
*

1

*

5

2 at $ 4 6 0

to

$480.

6

6

3

7

45

2

4

12

-r

-

-

26

4

-

-

4

1

•

2

*

*

Table A-3.

Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,

in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1976
Avenge
(mean2 )

A venge
(mean2 )

Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OF FI CE OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN
$
136.00

*88

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

v ..n trT ^

r ILL

I A IL

L L L K “ -bs

--W

1H « U L

LLA j j

3^7
~90

A

624

SECRETARIES. CLASS 3

rU B LIt

U T ILI

41

*

1 Its -

146

b 1t N U u K A r H t K b f

b L N lU K

413
189

•—

325
82
243
1,128
164
964

39.5 178.00
40.0 187.00
39.5 176.50
40.0

1*333
250

39.5
39.5 146.50

38.5 161.00
39.5 177.00
38.5 159.50

141

39.0

221

138.00
137.00
39.0 138.50

674

40.0

193.50

COMPUTER SY ST EM S AN ALYSTS

278.00

DRAFTERS. CL A S S a

71

276
232

131.50

67

39.5 146.00

80

1

lOO.-tO

l
vr

See footnotes at end of tables.




o

40.0 184.50

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
~ ---1J
L:

^ r~ I—-~ .
, r,

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECH NI CA L
OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN

39.0

40.0 168.00
39.5 152.00

PISTS
nonmanufacturing

^

39.5 139.00

402
101

160.00
40.0 178.50
39.0 158.00
39.5 178.00

639
64
57S

—

stenographers, general

40.0

108.00
10T.30

-----------------------------------------

-#v ~
«-

60
569
64

$

c

40.0 189.00
40.0 181.50
39.5 220.50

■ ■■■■-■ ■

,

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
21?.50
39**"
40.0 223.00

679
63

■

SE CR ET AR IE S. CLASS C

,

1' 3 00
142.00

______
40.0 209.00

65

^

117.00

'trx* r-

39*^
40.0 192.00
__

yA

A

2*859

1f l W l t . i i

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

-

173.00

"

LLA j b

Weekly
(standard)

OF F I C E OCCU PA TI ON S
WOMEN — C O NT IN UE D

* r~ r

Number
of
workers

$

38. j

124

(mean2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry divi sion

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CONT IN UE D

o l

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

Number
of

6

39.5

PR OF ES SI ON AL ANO TE CH NI CA L
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
_.

__

. .. ...n»ri>
.

?*ln a a
229 50
40.0 231*50

Table A-4.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1976
Hourly ean( i g 4
lns

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
i
$
1
$
$
s
$
$
S
s
S
S
S
1 --s
S
S
$
5.30 5.40 5.50 5.60 5.70 5. 80 5.90 6.00 6.10 6.20 6.30 6.40 6.60 6 .80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40

S

$

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean 2

$

Under

M edian2

and

$

5. 30

5.40 5.5Q 5,60 5.70 5.80 5, 90 6.00 6.10 6.20 6.30 6.40 6.60 6.80 7 .op 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 9.00 8.20 8.40

over

ALL WORKERS
MA IN TE NA NC E C A R P EN TE RS ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

126
101

$
6.89
6.96

$
6.86
6.86

$
$
6.62- 6.8$
6.77- 6.8$

MA INTENANCE E L E C TR IC IA NS --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------

348
321

7.32
7.20

7.07
7.07

6.77- 7.59
6.77- 7.43

m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r s -------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- ------- --- ----

61
52

7.11
7.09

6.86
6.86

6.86- 7.59
6.86- 7.59

m a i n t e n a n c e m a c h i n i s t s ----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

146
135

7.32
7.37

7.07
7.30

6.87- 7.61
7.07- 7.61

MA IN TE NA NC E ME CHANICS (MACHINERY)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

584
536

6.95
6.98

7.07
7.07

6.57- 7.19
6.70- 7.14

MA IN TE NA NC E MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --- --------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------P U BL IC UT ILITIES ------------

493
130
363
308

7.45
7.31
7.50
7.47

7.48
7.07
7.48
7.48

7.207.077.487.48-

MA IN TE NA NC E PI PE FI TT ER S ----------

51

7.38

7.59

6.75- 7.73

MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES HELPERS -----MANUFA CT UR IN G — ----------------

178
172

5.77
5.77

5.78
5.78

5.65- 6.02
5.78- 6.02

8
8

8
8

-

ST AT IO NA RY EN GINEERS --- ---- ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --- --------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ---------

214
101
113

6.97
7.01
6.93

6.86
6.86
6.88

6.40- 7.94
6.72- 6.8n
6.20- 7.97

8

2

1

58

6.17
6.17

5.86
5.80

5.47- 6.83
5.47- 6.83

--------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------ *

boiler

tenders

* W o r k e r s we r e distributed as follows:

55

7.72
7.71
7.86
7.87

*

*

-

2
2

-

*

-

5
1

12
*

”

*

*

13
12

18
18

46
46

•

_
"

•
*

.
“

“

1
1

.
*

•
*

1
1

*

2
1

*

35
31

68
68

_

3

.

-

-

3
3

4

28
28

2

4

3
3

26
15

92
75

-

14
14

-

-

.

“

*

8
8

*

_

1

-

-

*

*

.
~

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

_

*

*

“

10

-

10
10

“

-

*

*

12
1

11
10

9
3

10
9

2
2

48
48

.
-

14
13

1
*

4
4

2

-

6
6

6
1

9
8

“

.
*

*

10
10

36
36

24
24

4

18
18

8
8

.
*

7
7

10
10

113
110

16
16

164
164

-

*

39
35

35
34

4
4

*

57
56
1

82
5
77
70

16

12
12

-

-

-

-

18

4

18

11

18
18

le
-

-

*

-

11

4

3

1

4
2

*

8

2
3
3

15
15

*

*

18
18

12
8

52
52

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

•

1
1

.

*

*

1

4
4

3
3

4
4

2
2

78
78
18
3
15
_

-

•

-

13

19

31
31

134
134

4
60
54

”

"

.

1

-

5

-

*

8

1

3

.

-

-

19
-

11
11

-

4
-

4
4

150
12
138
138

106
23
83
38

8

-

-

42
37

11
7

i
•

•

8
8

5

d

-

24

4

i

1

-

12
12

-

1

4
4

-

13

-

*

38
18

-

_

16
16

*

*

-

-

-

4
4

47

.

-

-

6
6

47

*

*

-

.

-

-

-

4 at $8.40 to $8.60; 4 at $8.60 to $8.80; 3 at $8.80 to $ 9; 9 at $9.20 to $9.40; 5 at $9.60 to $9.80; 7 at $9.80 to $10; and 6 at $ 10 to $10.20.

7

*

1

4

See footnotes at end of tables.




26
20

-

-

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers

in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4

1 ---- 1 ---- 1 ---- S
S
S
i—
S
S
S
s
s
S
S
s -----r
1---- r —
*
s—
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5. 40 5.60 5. 80 6.00 6.20 6. 60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20
Under
,
*
and

i

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

S

3. 00 under
3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5. 60 5.80 6. 00 6.20 6.60 7, 00 7.40 7.8p 8.20 8.60
ALL WORKERS
T R U C KD RI VE RS -------------- ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----- --------- ----nonmanufacturing ---- --------- --PU BL IC UT I L I T I E S ---------------

3*020
484
2*536
1*597

$
7.30
7.17
7.33
7.31

$
7.34
7.08
7.34
7.34

$
7.176.467.267.26-

$
7.43
7.78
7.43
7.37

*

TR UCKDRIVERS* LI GH T TRUCK — ------

123

5.94

5.69

5. 52 - 6.86

1.238

7.26

7.34

1*131
1.106

7.28
7.28

7.47

TR UC KD RI VE RS * ME D I U M TRUCK --- -—
nonmanufacturing ------------------

PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S --- — ---------

-

-

-

-

7.17- 7. 3 a

-

-

7.34
7.34

7.17- 7.34
7.17- 7.34

.

7.72

7.2A- 7 • 7ft

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

.

*

*

"

-

.

-

-

-

7
7
-

11
11
*

-

-

3
3
-

2
2
.
-

39

-

7

11

-

-

-

-

3b

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

*

-

-

*

*

-

“

*

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

-

39
3

37
1
36

411
17
394
*

24

75
75

-

1
1
•
-

129
125
4
-

1

-

-

8

1

4

21 1169

£9

-

7
7

-

4
-

- 1107
- 1096

10
-

”

-

.

36

78 1648
70
87
8 1561
- 1255

568
92
476
332

11
4
7
7

.

.

38
431

15

3

46

4

72

8

TR UC KD RI VE RS * HEAVY TRUCK
manufacturing ---------------------

106

*
•t7

7.3
TR UC KO RI VE RS . HEAVY TRUCK
(other than t r a ) *

7»73

7 , 77

129
98

5.86
5.66

6.30
6.30

5.65- 6.3,.
5. 65 - 6.3'"

R E CE IV IN G CL ERKS --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- --- ----------

207
176

6.00
6.04

6.23
6.30

5. 60 - 6.41
6.11- 6.41

.
.

.
.

S H IP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G C L ER KS ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- --- — --- — ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

122
61
61

6.54
6.40
6.68

6.72
6.45
7.02

5.83- 7.25
5.65- 6.79
5.93- 7.28

.
-

.

W A R E HO US EM EN -------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------nonmanufacturing -----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

306
64
242
128

6.05
6.36
5.97
5.67

6.37
6.74
6.37
5.10

5. 03 5.694. 89 4. 8 0 -

6.se
7.18
6.58
5.6?

_
.
.

ORDER FI LL ER S ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1.056
106
950

5.93
4.89
6.05

6.07
5.42
6.07

5.19- 7.11
3.80- 5.78
5. 19 - 7.11

22
10
12

SH IPPING P A CK ER S --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

360
93

5.72
5.36
j.04

6.11
5.42

5. 42 - 6.13
4.91- 5.87

3
3

13
1

MA TERIAL H A ND LI NG L A BO RE RS --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------- ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --- -----------

943
167
776
390

6.31
6.05
6.36
7.13

7.11
5.76
7.11
7.17

5.765.256. 00 7.11-

7.23
7.1«
7.23
7.23

.
.
-

FORK LI FT O P ER AT OR S ------------------manufacturing ---------------------

782
579

6.26
5.96

6.13
6.02

6.02- 6.7'
5.61- 6.19

-

.

18
6
12

1HAUt ”” *" "" **

"

12
12

11
11

*
.
.

.
-

.

*

-

.
.

-

13
1

11
11

57
57

1
1

7
*

4
*

8
6

1
•

•
-

10
5

2

2
1

26
26

89
89

1

15
13

17
10

“

*

10
10
“

4
3
1

2
2

2
2

8
3
5

10
2
8

14
10
4

8
8
*

15
8
7

18

15
15

15
15
*

19
11

_

.
-

.

.
-

2
-

*

1
1

-

“

2
2
-

7
4
3
2

2
2

7
7
2

56
9
47
45

27
27
25

1
1
1

21

10
7
3
2

•
-

1
.
1
-

95
8
87
*

17
17
-

17
17

21
21

40
40
30

-

145
•
145

100
100

40
40

.
-

20
8
12

8
8

.
-

4
4
“

154
154

.
*

.
-

84
84

9
9
-

20
20

37
37

10
10

375
4
371

10
10

-

.
-

“

-

.

.
-

10
10

3
3

12
12

25
4

20

-

18
18

14
14

18
18

216
2

8
8

.
-

138
138

.
“

1
1
-

.
~

2
2
*

8
8
*

6
6
-

29
11
18
*

39
39
_
-

27
27
-

26
16
10
10

115
115
-

16
12

-

“

4

-

-

.
-

.
-

6
-

.
-

28
28

.
-

.
-

48
48

•
-

20
20

47
47

18
18

304
304

95
36
59

12
12

18

-

-

.

.
.

-

6
4

-

-

-

*

1
1

2

*

1
1
-

.
.

.

*

4
-

*

15
15

-

*

8

20
20

*

-

56
26
30

10
10
“

41
15

110
20

22
22

2
2

-

“

470
20
450
380

-

-

•

30

7*01
f,9l

See footnotes at end of tables.




25

1

S H IP PI NG CLERKS ---------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

K t 1AIL

25

7*41
7,43

-

11
11

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1976— Continued
Hourly earnings

4

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of---

1
3.00 3.20 3.40 3 .60 3.80
%

Occupation and industry division
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

Under

S

and
under

s
1
1
S
S
s
s
S
S
S
$
1 ------ ~ l------ 1 ----s
4 .2 0 4 .40 4 .6 0 4.80 5.00 5 .20 5.40 5.60 5 .80 6.00 6.20 6 .60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20

1

3 .00

S

S

o
O

Number

3.20 3 .40 3 .60 3.80 4 .0 0 4 t 2p 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5.00 5.20 5 t 4() 5.60 5 .80 6 .00 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60

ALL W O RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
PO WE R- TR UC K O P ER AT OR S

(OTHER

MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------j a n it o r s ,

porters,

and c lean ers

—

M A N U FA CT UR IN G — — —
— — —
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

$

$

$

$

6
6

lis
m

6 .0 2
5 .8 7

6 .0 2
6.01

5 .6 7 - 6.02

1*685

4 .2 6

4.00

3 .7 0 - 5 .18

56

1.199
65

3 .8 9
5*26

3 .98
5 .59
3,7<)

3 .5 8 - 4.00
18— 6.01
3 .4 0 - 3.92

* W o r k e r s we r e distributed as follows:

56

29
13
16

92
4
88

24

7

12

147

245
27
218

243
8
235

29

57

6

147

3 at $2.20 to $2.40; and 6 at $2.60 to $2.80.

See footnotes at end of tables.




9

328
1
327

28
6
22

16
12
4

1

16
15
1

16

1

1

1

1

82
71
11
10
1

2
2

19
19

10
10

64
64

-

-

-

-

-

30
19
11

156
141
17

180
169
11

3

29

1

1

-

-

-

-

3

1

6

29
21

1

4

2

1

8

1

*

*

*

*

14

1

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, in Seattle—Everett, Wash., for selected periods
Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

maintenance, toolroom, and
powerplant OCCUPATIONS - M N
E

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number Average
[mean2 )
of
hourly
woxkers
earnings4

MATE RI AL m o v e m e n t AND CU STODIAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CONT IN UE D

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

material movement and custodial

OCCUPATIONS - M — CONTINUED
EN

$

MAIN 1LNANCL. CAKHLNI t.Kj»

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

d* ft)
123

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS

7 .1 6
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK

w

135

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING

-

^36

6 .9 5

7 .26
7 .0 5
7 .2 8
7 .2 9

6 .31

1.303
106
1.197

7 .9 9
7 .9 7
7 .9 9

7 .7 3
8 .1 5

129
98

____________________________ • •
-

7.20

5 .9 3

1.231
107
1.129
1.099

215
90

321

M W r AL 1U 1 i*w —
A U
K

5.99

5 .8 6
5 .6 6

MAWUrAU1UKIWu
380

6 .3 7
7 .16
6 .2 6

W W r AU1U XNJ
MU
K \

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS
MANUFACTURING • • • • • • • • • ” " " ■

• ■

K b v t l V INu LL uK ix i

*

205
179

J 1 ** *

61
BOILER TENDERS —
MANUFACTURING

• • • • • • • • • • • - - - - - r—-n
-------------------------------------------------

55

305
69
291

MATERIAL M
OVEM
ENT AN CUSTODIAL
D




U C U U rA 1 i UNO "

OCCUPATIONS - W M N
O E

6 17
6.17

n u ll

6 .0 5
5 .9 7

5 .4 2
p n l r ' IN w

r A L I x t '' j

JANITORS. PORTERS. AN CLEANERS ----D
MAWUr Aw 1 U K li iu

See footnotes at end of tables.

10

480

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Seattle—Everett, Wash., January 1976
Industry and occupational group
(m e n and w o m e n combined)

January 1972
to
January 1973

January 1973
to
January 1974

January 1974
to
January 1975

January 1975
to
January 1976

All industries:
Office clerical___________________________________
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial n u r s e s ________________________________
Skilled maintenance trades ** ___________________
Unskilled plant workers ** ______________________

4.8
*
***
7.2
8.3

6.6
*
♦ ♦♦
7.0
6.5

9.4
10.8
12.4
11.6
***

9.1
8.0
10.1
11.0
8.5

Manufacturing:
Office clerical____________ ___ __________________
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial n u r s e s ________________________________
Skilled maintenance trades * * ___________________
Unskilled plant workers ** ______________________

7.7
*
***
6.8
6.8

***
***
6.4
8.9

***
♦ ♦♦
***
11.7
10.9

***
***
***
11.5
12.0

3.5
*
***

6.4
*
♦ ♦♦

8.3
11.3
***
***

8.7
7.9
***
***
7.0

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical____ ______________________________
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial nurses ________________________________
Skilled maintenance trades * * _ _____ ___________
_
Unskilled plant workers * * ___________ ___ ______

*

>J S
{<{C{C

Jjtjjesjc

9.0

5.5

s a je
je jca

*
Data not available.
**
Percent increases for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to m e n only.
*** Data do not m e e t publication criteria.

Footnotes
1
Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
* Th e m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. Th e me d i a n designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for wo rk on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




1
1

Appendix A
A r e a w age and re la te d b e n e fits data a re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In each o f the in t e r ­
venin g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p loy m en t and o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s is c o l ­
le c te d by a c om b in a tion o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and telep h on e
in te r v ie w fr o m e sta b lis h m e n ts p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s su r v e y .

d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e
not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u se e ith e r (1) em p loy m en t in the
occu p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r
(2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n t data.
S ep a­
ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a re not p r e se n te d w hen the n u m b er o f
w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en
id e n tifie d in an o c cu p a tio n .
E a rn in gs data not show n se p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d , in data f o r a ll in d u str ie s com b in ed .
L ik e w is e ,
data a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f
e le c t r o n i c s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo r ­
m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

In ea ch o f the 84 * a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u r v e y e d , data are obtain ed fr o m
2
1
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin six b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa c­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e s e stu d ies a re g ov ern m en t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied.
S ep arate ta bu la tion s a re p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

O ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a re shown f o r fu ll-t im e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ire d to w ork a re g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a rn in g s data
e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts. N on p rod u ction b on u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n ce s
and in ce n tiv e b on u ses a r e in clu d e d .
W eek ly h o u rs fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s r e fe r to the stan dard w ork w eek
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e r e g u la r
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s f o r th e se o c cu p a tio n s a r e roun ded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e se su r v e y s a re con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is .
The sa m plin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a tific a tio n o f a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u stry and n u m ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is stra tifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith ea ch
esta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e le c t io n . To obtain optim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d .
When data a re c o m b in e d , ea ch e sta b lis h m e n t is
w eigh ted a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n , so that u nbiased e s tim a te s
a re g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d ,
it is g iven a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plus th re e o th e r s . An altern a te
o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o s e n in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r . If no
su itab le su bstitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d ition a l w eigh t is a s sig n e d to a sa m ple
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in an a re a
at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e cte d w age c h a n g e s. The a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ffe c te d by ch a n g es in w a g es and em p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s.
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay c h a n g e, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad va n ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t co u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tion a l a v e r a g e ev en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a re a in crea 'se w ag es
du ring the y e a r .
C h an ges in ea rn in g s o f o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a t o r s o f w age tr e n d s than a r e ea rn in g s ch a n g es fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin the g ro u p s .

O ccu p a tion s and ea rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffice c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
and p o w erp la n t; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d esig n ed to take
a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ithin the sam e jo b .
O ccu ­
p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n less
o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b title s a r e fo r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data fo r som e o f the o ccu p a tio n s lis te d and

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w id e e s tim a te s . In d u strie s
and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b sta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea ch jo b .
P ay a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls f o r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s should
not be a s su m e d to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ithin in d iv id u al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y co n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate ra n g e s (on ly the r a te s paid in cu m b en ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ithin the g e n e r a l su r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s .
Job d e s c r ip t io n s u sed to c la s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s
u su a lly a re m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u sed in in d iv id u al esta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties
p e r fo r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; R aleighDurham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




12

O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a ctu a lly su rv e y e d .
B e ca u se o c cu p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong esta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e se
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the ea rn in g s data.
W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A -7 a re b a sed on ch a n g es
in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r e sta b lis h m e n ts r e p o rtin g the tren d jo b s in both
the cu r re n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data a re
a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f em p loy m en t sh ifts
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed in su rv ey
s a m p le s.
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c t o r s
oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H irin g, la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
esta b lis h m e n t a v e ra g e fo r an o c cu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a re paid under plans
p rov id in g a ran ge o f w age r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en ter at the bottom o f the ra n g e,
d e p r e s s in g the a v era g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):

S k illed m a in ten an ce (m en
and w o m e n ):

C om p u ter sy s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in is ts
M e ch a n ic s (m a ch in ery )
M e ch a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs

In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in d u str ia l
n u rses
P e r c e n t ch a n g es fo r indiv:
as fo llo w s :

U n sk illed plant (m en and
w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s
a r e a s in. the p r o g r a m a re com p u ted

O ccu p a tion s u sed to com p u te w age tre n d s a r e :

O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n ):

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n )---- C ontinued

S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

O rd e r c le r k s
A cco u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T abulating -m a c hine
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B




E ach o ccu p a tio n is a s sig n e d a w eigh t b a sed on its p r o ­
p ortion a te em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n a l grou p in the
b a se y e a r .

2.
The p e r ce n t ch a n ges re la te to w age ch a n g es betw een the in d ica ted
d a te s.
When the tim e span b etw een su r v e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a re show n.
(It is a ssu m ed that w a g es in c r e a s e at a con stan t rate
betw een s u r v e y s .)

1.

T h e se w eigh ts a r e u sed to com p u te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m ean) ea rn in g s is m u ltip lied
by its w eigh t.
The p r o d u c ts a re to ta le d to obtain a
g rou p a v e r a g e .

3.

The ra tio o f g rou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e fo r the cu r re n t y ea r
by the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The re su lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r ce n t change.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com p u te th ese
w age tr e n d s , se e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey In d ex es, " M onthly L a b or
R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E s ta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a re not p r e se n te d in th is b u lletin . I n fo r ­
m a tion fo r th ese ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 T h ese ta bu ­
la tion s on m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs and d a y s; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p en sion plans a re p r e se n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.

A p p e n d ix t a b le 1. E s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u rv e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d
in S e a t t l e — E v e r e t t , W a s h . , 1 J a n u a r y 197 6

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

ALL D I V I S I O N S

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
W i t h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

048

179

2 3 7 ,2 1 6

100

1 5 3 ,3 7 4

50
*
“

246
602

59

120

9 7 ,5 1 2
1 3 9 ,7 0 4

41
59

7 3 ,9 6 7
7 9 ,4 0 7

50
50
50
50
50

76
109
184
115

25
17
30
19
29

2 7 ,6 8 3
1 2 ,4 4 4
5 0 ,6 6 5
3 1 ,0 4 8
1 7 ,8 6 4

12

2 1 ,4 7 2
3 .3 4 8
3 2 ,2 3 6
1 4 ,5 3 7
7 ,8 1 4

---------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ----------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A IL TRAOE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------f in a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e ,
a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ----------------S E R V IC E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

110

5

21
13

8

1 T h e S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f K in g a n d
S n o h o m is h C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e
l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s
s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w it h i n th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e l o c a l - t r a n s i t s y s t e m and
e l e c t r i c u t il it ie s a r e m u n ic i p a l ly o p e r a t e d an d t h e r e f o r e e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e
o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t ia ll y t o p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e ls an d m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); an d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




14

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s is t
its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u nder a v a r ie ty o f
p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u se o f th is e m p h a sis on in te r e sta b lish m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in u se in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose
p r e p a r e d f o r oth e r p u r p o s e s . In applying th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s are
in stru cte d to ex clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicapped,
p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s sig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M ain ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ighly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w ork o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W orks fa ir ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
su p e r v is io n and gu id an ce.
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s ,
u su a lly in clu din g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m oth e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a ra b le
n atu re and d iffic u lty .
The w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s kn ow ledge o f o ffic e routine
and u n derstan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x clu s io n s

a. R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il,
a n sw e rs routine in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s tru cte d ;
d.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s,

Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e '“c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p les o f p o s itio n s w hich are e x clu d ed fr o m the d efin ition are
as fo llo w s :

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;
a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k es ap poin tm en ts as
R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

b.

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in a tes;

S ten og ra p h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;

d . S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a re eith e r su bsta n tially
m o r e rou tin e o r su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic and typing w ork .




do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n ce p t

c . S ten og ra p h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a s sista n ts to a g rou p o f p r o f e s ­
s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s, and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign atu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p og ra p h ic
accuracy;
f.

w h ich

B eginning w ith ca len d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u reau has g ro u p e d o c cu p a tio n s stud ied in its
a r e a w age su r v e y s into jo b fa m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on r e la te d o c cu p a tio n s in se q u e n ce .
Job fa m ilie s have not been title d , h o w e v e r , sin ce doin g so m igh t have added e x tra n e o u s e le m e n ts to the
jo b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u reau has a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c cu p a tio n a l title s .
w o rd o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r ip tiv e o f the s u r v e y jo b s .

15

The t it le s m o r e n e a r ly r e fle c t u su al

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

C la s s C

E x clu s io n s — C ontinued

e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d ifficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in istra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ility is not eq u ivalen t to on e o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition
d u ties w hich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a st s e v e r a l
d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w h ich a re
o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth er su b d iv id ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a
N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s
w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o; o £
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o se o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
oth e r equ iv alen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
person s.
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a ctio n s ( e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u a l tr u st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r s " fo r
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); ou:
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y to a non s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, sk ille d te ch n icia n , o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : M any co m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e rs , ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A PH E R

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b oa rd o r p r e sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n u sin g sh orth an d, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d icta tio n .
M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u str ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
oth er equ ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t
often in v olv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
k eep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m ain tain f ile s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m othe,r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s .
S ten og ra p h er, S en ior

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a lso set up and
m a in tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties re q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l as ev id e n ce d by the
fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m a in tain in g follow u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g sim p le le t te r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; read in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v olv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e
v o c a b u la r y fr o m t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e rs tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v olv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s
oh s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d e d . A w o r k e r who ta k es d icta tio n in
shorthand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifi e d as a ste n o g r a p h e r.

C la s s A . O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch ­
b o a rd handling in co m in g , ou tg oin g , in traplan t o r o ffic e c a lls .
P e r fo r m s fu ll
telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r h a n dles c o m p le x c a l l s , such as c o n fe r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in ad dition to doing rou tin e w ork
as d e s c r ib e d f o r sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll-tim e a ssign m en t.
( " F u l l " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w hen the esta b lish m en t has
v a r ie d fu n ction s that a re not r e a d ily u n derstan dab le fo r telep h on e in fo rm a tio n
p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u se o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te r r e la te d fu n ctio n s, and c o n s e ­
qu en tly p r e s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s as to w h ich e x te n sio n s a re a p p rop ria te
f o r c a lls .)

T YPIST
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have been m ade b y an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in clu d e
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in d u p lica tin g p r o ­
cesses.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w ork in v o lv in g little s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
keepin g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sortin g and d istrib u tin g
in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w hen it in v olv es com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , sy lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layou t and
typin g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in
sp a cin g . M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
rough o r c le a r
o r setting up
a lre a d y set up

B ♦ P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typin g fr o m
d r a fts ; o r routine typing o f f o r m s , in su ra n ce p o li c ie s , e t c .;
s im p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C LE R K
F il e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u al ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in tain f ile s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o cu m e n ts, e t c ., in an e sta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m
contain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b je ct m a tte r f ile s .
M ay a ls o file th is
m a te r ia l.
M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the f ile s .
M ay lead a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by sim p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r) h eadin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C .
P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
sy ste m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l; and m a y
f ill out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s
r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
M ESSENGER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , open in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and oth e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e op e ra tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.




C la s s B . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch ­
b o a rd handling in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , in traplan t o r o ffic e c a lls .
M ay handle
rou tin e lon g d is ta n c e c a lls and r e c o r d t o l ls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d teleph on e
in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e .
( " L i m it e d " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s i f the
fu n ctio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n derstan dab le f o r t e l e ­
phone in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s ts a re rou tin e, e .g ., givin g
e x te n sio n n u m b ers when s p e c ific n a m es a r e fu rn ish e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls
a r e r e fe r r e d to .another o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
phone c o m p a n ie s who a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In ad dition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r
m o n it o r -t y p e s w itch b o a rd , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m
rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
T h is typing o r c l e r i c a l w ork
m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at sw itch b o a rd .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise by m a il,
ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly . D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ;
Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet listin g the ite m s to
m a ke up the o r d e r ; c h e ck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d it dep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r , a ck n ow l­
ed g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to se e that th ey
have b een fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e ck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
AC C O U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts;
a s sig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g sim p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
v o u c h e r s . M ay w o rk in e ith e r a m anu al o r au tom ated a ccou n tin g s y s te m .
The w o rk r e q u ir e s a kn ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the book k eep in g and a ccou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u se d in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a kn ow led ge
o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifi e d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

M A C H IN E B I L L E R ---- C o n tin u e d

C la s s A .
U nder g e n e r a l su p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w hich r e q u ir e the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e a ccou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bsta n tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a ctio n s th rough p r e v io u s accou n tin g
a ctio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r
w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and co m p u te s and u su a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge
o f b ook k eep in g .
W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p es o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

ClassB.
U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd iz ed p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a ccou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch as postin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f it e m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch e ck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r
a ccou n tin g d o c u m e n ts; and c o d i n g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g c o d e s .

P A Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a kn ow led ge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru ctu re
o f the p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m u se d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tr ib u tio n o f deb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch phase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u irin g little kn ow led ge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a s e s
o r se c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not
in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib u tio n , ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc .
M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the a ccou n tin g
d ep a rtm en t.

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s
b a se d on tim e o r p r o d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll
sh e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g d a y s, tim e , r a te ,
d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g es du e.
M ay m ake out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s is t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d is trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a
c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .
K E Y PU N C H O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a keypun ch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify a lp h a b etic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabu latin g c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be keyp u n ch ed fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o r k .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e tit iv e .
U nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s fr o m variou s- sta n ­
d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts w h ich have b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M ACHINE B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth e r c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i lle r s a re c la s s ifie d by ty p e
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typin g and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m a ch in e .
The o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n um ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fold m a ch in e.




O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s su ch as the ta b u la tor, c a lc u ­
la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x clu d ed fr o m
th is d efin ition a re w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d e d a re o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , ev en though th ey m a y a ls o o p e ra te e le c t r ic
a ccou n tin g m a ch in e eq u ip m en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifi e d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le t e r e p o rtin g and tabulating a s sig n m e n ts
in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n el w irin g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich
often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g som e planning o f the n ature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in e s . Is

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

ty p ic a lly in v olv ed in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g se q u e n ce s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in ad dition to the s im p le r m a ch in e s u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to do so m e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay tr a in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating
o r e le c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e te r , r e p ro d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a .w ork unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l so r tin g o r c q lla tin g ru n s, o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e sta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s . A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solv in g
th em b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D ev elop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d to a ch ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; o u tlin es a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e co m m e n d s eq u ip ­
m en t ch a n g es to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e rs
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir pay.)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in tain in g d e p o s ito r a cco u n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e sta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in v en tory
a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e sta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lied .
OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y ste m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W ork s in depen den tly on rou tin e a ssig n m en ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tr u c tio n and guid an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in su re p r o p e r
align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W ork s u nder im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r ry in g out an aly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s sig n m e n ts a r e d es ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m ay a s s is t a<higher
le v e l s y s te m s a n alyst by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l an alyst.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r su p e r v isio n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f sy ste m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p ro d u ctio n s c h e d ­
u lin g, in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f e a c h type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll sy ste m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p r ia te follow u p a c tio n s a re in itia ted by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n ee d e d ,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es and fo r obtaining
equ ipm en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
who a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

to

lo w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u sin e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly st, into a seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich a re r e q u ire d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent.
W orkin g fr o m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in stru ctio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te re d in to the co m p u te r s y s t e m 'in c o d e d la n gu a ge, ca u se the m a n ipu ­
la tion o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze c h a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th ese c h a rts to co d e d in s tr u c tio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s f o r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
du rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y ste m s an alysts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir pay.)

le v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts

C la s s B . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s th at a re r e la t iv e ly u n co m p lica te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h om og en eou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,




19

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito rs and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W ork in c lu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm en t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm ent into
c i r c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s ad ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ja l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

F or

w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e co m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and ch a rts w h ich id en tify
the n ature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
pla n s the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a ctio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the
co m p u te r s y s te m in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

A t th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m
n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n t s . A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n siv e n u m ber
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a ctio n s as
d ev e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can b e r e u s e d , esta b lis h m e n t o f
lin kage p oin ts betw een o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d co m p u te r sto ra g e c a p a c ity , and su bsta n tial m a n ipu lation and
r e s e q u e n cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .

M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a re
a s sig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p ro d u ce data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d se q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can b e te s te d b y u sin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d epen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nder fa ir ly c l o s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u su a lly le a r n e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s sig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e su p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s sig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ire d
p roced u res.




For

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r

op erators

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e ra te s in dep en d en tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d and in tr o d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
k n ow led ge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a ltern a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly , o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n r u n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r change o r can not be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly sh ort tim e . In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ a tio n s, d ia g n o s e s 'c a u s e and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e a c tio n .
T h is
u su a lly in v o lv e s a p plyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g
stan dard c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e ra te s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
seg m en ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in dep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la s s C . W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equipm ent u sed and
d e te ct p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U su a lly has
som e fo r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la ss A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having
d is tin c tiv e d esig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W ork s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w o rk is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r en g in e e rin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s.
M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a ft e r s .

D R A F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n onroutin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ssig n m en ts
that r e q u ire the a p p lica tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed draw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u se d .
D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d ra w in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d raw in gs f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu din g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tion s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e q u an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u s e d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e t c . R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r . C om p leted
w o rk is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d equ acy.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c t r o n ic
equ ipm en t as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p r o d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e l e c t r o n i c . te s t in stru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d raw in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts f o r
e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p es o f
d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s (d ep ictin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r ify p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo r m a tio n .
C o n so lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . Su ggested m eth od s o f
a p p roa ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ice on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a re given
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ctio n s a re le s s c o m p le te w hen a ssig n m en ts
recu r.
W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the follow in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to so lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th o se that ty p ic a lly can not be so lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
E x a m p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e lo ca tio n and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s, and frequ en t
e n g in e e rin g c h a n g e s.
W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u nderstan din g o f the in te r ­
re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in depen den t ju d g m en t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta sk s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ips in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts ( e .g ., dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and draw in gs p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s by p la cin g tr a c in g
clo th o r p a p er o v e r d ra w in gs and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f stra ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
AN D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r ep etitiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a l iz e d i t e m s .
W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d du ring p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w orkin g on
e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity with the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m en t in d eterm in in g w ork seq u en ce and in se le ctin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w ork is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W ork s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m a in tain in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m od ify in g , co n s tru ctin g , and te s tin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s, and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in
r e q u ire d op era tin g co n d itio n .
The equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it — in clu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm ent ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n av iga tion a l a id s), (b) d ig ita l and
an alog c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n tr o llin g
equ ipm ent.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w ork in g te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r
rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta sk s a s : A s s is t in g h igh er le v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and u sin g to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n ow led g e, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rough a ssig n m en ts d esig n ed to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m train in g ) so that w o r k e r can
ad vance to h ig h er le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W ork is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is given d eta iled r e v ie w
w hen n ew o r a d va n ced a s sig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S TR IA L NURSE

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U STR IA L NURSE— Continued

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u nder g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
su ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n sa tio n o r

o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tio n s and health ev a lu a tion s o f
ap p lican ts' and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v olv in g
h ealth ed u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tion o f plant e n v iron m en t, o r
o th e r a c tiv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth, w e lfa r e , and sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than
on e n u r se a re e x clu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r

M AIN TE N A N C E M ACHINIST

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n try d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain tain
in g ood r e p a ir b u ildin g w ood w ork and equ ipm ent su ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade o f w ood
in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard
m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w ork . In g e n e r a l,
the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o p e r a te d in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in stru ctio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
h an d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; settin g up and op era tin g
stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking
stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le ctin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN TE N A N C E M ECHANIC (M a ch in ery )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equ ipm ent o f an esta b lis h m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E x a m in in g m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h an dtools in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e pa rts w ith ite m s
obtain ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a re p la c e m e n t part by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m akin g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten a n ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce .
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l eq u ip ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its, condu it s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y ou ts, o r oth er s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n osin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l sy ste m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g stan dard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to loa d r e q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and
m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d th rough
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E M ECH A N IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )

M A IN TE N AN C E P A IN T E R

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E xam in ing a u tom otiv e eq u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm ent and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g brok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to ck ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m e n ts ; and a lign in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts, o r tigh ten in g bod y
bo-lts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu re s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g ; K n ow ledge o f su r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p rep a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap plyin g paint with sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w hite lea d , and oth e r paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce pa in ter r e q u ir e s roun ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




22

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h i c l e s ) — C o n tin u e d

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh op s.

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e t o o ls ,
su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ; engine la th es; o r m illin g
m a ch in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g es, ji g s , fix tu r e s ,
o r d ie s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u irin g c o m p lica te d setups
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s t r u ­
m e n ts ; s e le c tin g fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n seq u en ce; and m aking
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts du ring o p e r a tio n to a ch ie v e re q u isite t o le r a n c e s o r
d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need d r e s s in g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s (to o lr o o m )
in t o o l and d ie job b in g sh ops a r e e x clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n .

M AIN TE N AN C E P IP E FIX T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , steam , g a s, o r oth er ty p e s o f pip e and
p ip efittin g s in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : la y in g
out w ork and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pip e fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t len gths with
c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s; th read in g
pipe w ith s to ck s and d ie s ; bending pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s; a s s e m b lin g pip e w ith co u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e rs;
m akin g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ire d ; and m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish ed p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
en gaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sanitation o r heating sy s te m s
a re e x clu d e d .
M AIN TE N AN C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r ic a te s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g re a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u cts , m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and laying out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW RIG H T
In sta lls n ew m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm ent w hen ch a n g es in the plant layout a re
r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out
w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f handt o o ls and r ig g in g ; m akin g standard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g ra v ity ; align in g and ba la n cin g eq u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard t o o l s , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; and in sta llin g
and m a in tain in g in g ood o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm ent such as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN TE N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k eepin g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e ,
and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h olding m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n .
The kind o f w ork
the h e lp e r i s p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to t r a d e : In som e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h olding m a te r ia ls and
t o o l s , and cle a n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .




T O O L AN D DIE M AK ER
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g es, ji g s , fix tu re s
o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punch ing, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out w ork a c c o r d in g to
m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; using
a v a r ie ty o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s tr u ­
m e n ts ; u n d erstan din g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ipm ent; m aking
n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s ,
and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts during fa b r ic a tio n as
w e ll as o f fin ish e d to o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ire d q u a litie s; w ork in g to
c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s
and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e rs in
t o o l and die jo b b in g sh ops a r e ex clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p era tes and m a in tain s and 'm a y a ls o su p e r v is e the op e ra tio n of
sta tio n a ry en g in es and equ ipm ent (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
esta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a i r co n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O pera tin g and m ain taining equipm ent such as
stea m e n g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ipm en t, steam b o i le r s and b o i le r - f e d w a ter pu m ps;
m akin g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eepin g a r e c o r d o f o p era tion o f m a ch in e ry ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and. fu e l co n s u m p tio n . M ay a ls o su p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
Head o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than one e n g in eer
a r e e x clu d e d .

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls to fir e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s, o r o i l b u rn e r; and c h e c k s w a ter and
sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TR U C K D R IV E R

W AREHOUSEMAN— Continued

D r iv e s a tr u ck within a c ity o r in d u str ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , eq uip m ent, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a r io u s ty pes of e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such as :
Manufacturin g plants, fr eig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
sale and retail e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r between r e t a i l
esta b lis h m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou s es or p la ce s of b u s in e s s . M ay a l s o load or unload tru ck with
o r without h e lp e r s , m ake m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and keep tr u ck in good
w o r k i n g order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s w hose p r i m a r y dutie s in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g
w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fillin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , or operating p o w e r tr u ck s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

O RD ER F I L L E R
F il l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin ish ed good s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c if i c a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other in s t r u c t io n s .
May, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
cating it e m s f ill e d o r o m itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
additional stock o r r e p o r t short su pplies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m oth er
r e la t e d duties.

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s are c l a s s i f i e d by s iz e and
type o f equ ipm ent, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be rated on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a cit y .)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light tr u ck (under 1 V2 tons)
m e d iu m tr u ck (IV 2 to and in cluding 4 tons)
heavy tr u ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 tons)
heavy tru ck (other than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)

SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p r o d u c ts f o r shipm ent o r s t o r a g e by p la cin g them
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d being dependent upon
the type, s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be pa ck ed , the type o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f shipm ent.
W ork r e q u i r e s the p la cin g o f i t e m s in
shipping c o n t a in e r s and m a y in volve one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K now ledg e
o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te
type and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r oth er m a t e r i a l to p r ev en t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and sea lin g c o n ­
ta in e r; and applying la b e ls o r en tering iden tifyin g data on c o n t a in e r.
Packers
who a lso m a k e w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e ex clu ded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipm ent, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g sh ipm ents o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r other m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w ork
i n v o l v e s : A knowle dge of shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , available
m ea n s o f t r a n s p o r t a tio n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
shipped, m akin g up b i lls o f la ding, postin g weight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
keepin g a file of shipping r e c o r d s .
May d i r e c t or a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r ship m ent.
R e c e iv in g w ork i n v o l v e s : V er ify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e r s in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f ship m ents against b i lls of la ding,
i n v o i c e s , o r other r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g dam aged
g o o d s ; routing m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d ep a rt m e n ts; and m a in ­
taining n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

M A T E R I A L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
oth er e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Loading and unloadin g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r oth er t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u npack ing, sh elvin g, o r pla cing
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and tr a n sp o rt in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtr uck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who load and unload sh ips, a r e e x c l u d e d .

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

Shipping c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

WAREHOUSEMAN
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties w hich r e q u ir e
an understandin g o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s tora g e pla n . Work in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r if y in g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) ag ainst r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , noting and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o ra g e lo c a t io n s ; storin g , stackin g, o r pa lletizin g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r i b e d st o ra g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n to r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; ex am inin g st o re d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and da m a g e; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it fo r sh ip m ent.
May op e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u ck s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u sin g duties.




O p e r a te s a m a n u ally c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u ck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u factu rin g plant, o r o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t.

truck,

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s ar e c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :
F o r k lif t o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than fo rk lift)

24

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

G u a rd . P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m ain taining o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es
guards w ho a re station ed at gate and ch e c k on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , ap artm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
Sw eeping, m op p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; rem o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; du sting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu re s ; p olish in g m e ta l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ;
and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e rs who s p e c ia liz e
in w in dow w ash in g a re e x c lu d e d .

W atchm an . M akes roun ds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e rty a gain st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n try .




p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

25




Available On Request
a v a ila b le

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s « i r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g t h e S e r v i c e
a t n o c o s t f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s s h ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .

C on tra ct

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A n n A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a .—S .C .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t a n d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B o i s e C it y , Id a h o
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C o n n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r l i n g t o n , V t .—N . Y .
C ape C od, M ass.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a —R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C h a r l o t t e —G a s t o n i a , N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n .—K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A l a .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D oth a n , A la .
D u lu th —S u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
E l P a s o , T e x . , a n d A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
E u g e n e —S p r i n g f i e l d , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m it h , A r k . —O k l a .
F o r t W a y n e , In d .
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d .—C h a m b e r s b u r g , P a . —
M a r tin s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d sd e n an d A n n is t o n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a ll s , M on t.
G u am , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H u n tin g to n —A s h l a n d , W . V a .—K y .—O h io
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L ared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w to n , O k la .
L i m a , O h io
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rvey

r e s u lts

are

p u b lis h e d

in

r e le a s e s

w h ic h ,

w h ile

s u p p lie s

la s t ,

a re

w ill

be

L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , I n d .
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l .
L yn ch b u rg , V a.
M a co n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s f i e l d , O h io
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S t e . M a r i e , M i c h .
M c A l l e n —P h a r r ^ E d i n b u r g a n d B r o w n s v i l l e —
H a r l i n g e n —S an B e n i t o , T e x .
M e d f o r d —K la m a t h F a l l s —G r a n t s P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , a n d O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e a n d P e n s a c o l a , A l a . —F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N e w L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R .I .
N o r t h D a k o t a , S ta te o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d —S i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r i e t t a , W . V a .—O h io
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e l l o —I d a h o F a l l s , I d a h o
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e —M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r to R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R i c h l a n d —K e n n e w i c k —W a l la W a l la —
P e n d l e t o n , W a s h .—O r e g .
R i v e r s i d e —S a n B e r n a r d i n o —O n t a r i o , C a l i f .
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a l i n a s —S e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S a n d u s k y , O h io
S a n ta B a r b a r a —S a n ta M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, La.
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k .
S pok an e, W ash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d - C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T op ek a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W a c o a n d K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , I o w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N .J .—M d .

A n a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 8 9 1 , N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y . M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f th e B L S
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k cov> e r , o r f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




or

d r a ft e r s , and
r e g io n a l s a le s

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s o r b u l l e t i n s u p p l e m e n t s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e r e q u e s t o f t h e E m p l o y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts m a y b e
o b t a in e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e i n d i c a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 0 ,
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 3 ,
A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 5 ,
S
A t la n t a ,
G a ., M a y 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 5 ,
A u s t in ,
T e x . ,D e c . 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 3 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 2 ,
B i l l i n g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 6 ,
B in g h a m t o n , N . Y . —P a . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 0 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 19 7 5 1--------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 5 8 ,
B u ffa lo ,
N .Y .,O ct. 1 9 7 5 1
______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 9 ,
C a n ton ,
O h io , M a y 19 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n .—G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 7 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 3 ,
C in c i n n a t i , O h io —K y .—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 4 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 7 ,
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 9 ,
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________ S u p p l.
D a y t o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 7 3 ,
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 - 4 7 ,
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 2 ,
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 6 ,
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J u n e 197 5 1_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 1 ,
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t , N . C . , A u g . 197 5 _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 9 ,
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 _____ _______________ ______ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 2 ,
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 8 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 197 5 ________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 1 ,
K a n s a s C it y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 5 ,
L e x i n g t o n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 4 ,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 6 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 9 ,
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l i e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 4 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 5 ,

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 To be surveyed.




45 cen ts
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$ 1 .0 0
75 ce n ts
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$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
F ree
85 c e n t s
85 c e n t s
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$ 1 .3 0
95 c e n ts
65 c e n t s
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45 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
75 c e n t s
85 c e n t s
80 c e n t s
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
80 c e n t s
65 ce n ts
65 c e n t s
80 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
95 c e n t s
F ree
45 cen ts
80 c e n t s
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
65 c e n t s
45 ce n ts

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 6 ,
M il w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 1_______________ ______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 1 ,
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 ,
N a s s a u —S u f f o l k , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1______________________ _________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 9 ,
N e w a r k , N .J ., J a n . 1 9 7 5 1.......................................................... .......... ....................... ......................................... 1 8 5 0 - 1 8 ,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 ,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 5 ,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1 9 7 5 _______ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 9 ,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a .—N . C . , M a y 197 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 0 ,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 2 ,
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 1 ,
O m a h a , N e b r .—I o w a , O c t . 197 5 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 8 ,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 197 5 ______________________ ________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 5 ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 1 ____________________________ _______________ _________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 ,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ ____ 1 8 5 0 - 7 2 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________ ______ 1 8 5 0 - 4 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________________ _____ ______ ______ 1 8 5 0 - 7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N. Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 8 ,
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . , —M a s s . , J u n e 19 7 5 _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 7 ,
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N .C ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________ ___________S u p p l.
R ic h m o n d , V a . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________ ____ _____________________ _____ 1 8 5 0 - 4 1 ,
S t. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 197 5 ___________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1 9 7 4 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 1 9 ,
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________ ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 1 ,
S a lt L a k e C it y —O g d e n , U ta h , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1 _______ ____ _______________________________ __________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 4 ,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 197 5 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 3 ,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 197 5______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 7 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1_____________________ __________ __________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 5 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 6 ,
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 6 ,
S o u th B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 5 ,
S t a m f o r d , C o n n . 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 197 5 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 3 ,
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 4 ,
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________ ________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 0 ,
U tic a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 8 ,
W a s h in g t o n , D . C .—M d .—V a . , M a ? . 1 9 7 5 1_________________ ______________________________ _______ 1 8 5 0 - 3 1 .
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n t y , N. Y ., M a y 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 3 ,
W i c h i t a , K a n s ., A p r . 197 5 __________________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 4 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 4 ,

95 e e n t s
85 c e n t s
$ 1 .0 § ,
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
F ree
$ 1 .1 0
65 cen ts
65 ce n ts
65 cen ts
6 5 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
89 c e n t s
85 ce n ts
F ree
45 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
75 cen ts
7 5 cen ts
F ree
6 5 cen ts
F ree
80 c e n t s
3 5 ce n ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
45 cen ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 c e n t s
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65 c e n ts
80 c e n t s
$ l'.2 0
80 c e n t s
$ 1 .0 0
80 c e n t s
F ree
80 c e n t s
80 c e n t s

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
Region II
16P3 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
Government Center
1515 Broadway
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Region V
Region VI
Regions VII and V III
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Dallas, Tex. 75202
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102