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AREAWAGESURVEY
S e a t t l e —Everett, W a s h in g to n , M e tro p o lita n A rea,
Jan u a ry 1973
Bulletin 1775-56




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
— —Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a J a n u a r y 1973 s u r v e y o f occup ational
e a r n in g s in the Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ing ton , Stan dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a tis tic a l
A r e a (K in g and Sn oh om ish C o u n tie s). T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re au
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m is d e sig n e d
to y i e l d data f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as na tional and r e g i o n a l
e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Stan dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in the U n ite d St ate s, excluding
A l a s k a and H a w a i i , (as d e fin e d b y the U.S. O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and Bud get
th ro ugh N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , through
the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n o f w a g e s b y occupation, and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p ro g r a m de­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , including w a g e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s tr a ti o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in d e te r m i n i n g plant
loc a tion . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used b y the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m ak e
w a g e d e te r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e includ ed in the p r o g r a m .
(See l i s t o f a r e a s on
in s id e bac k c o v e r . )
In e ach a r e a , oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually. In f o r m a t i o n on e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s eco nd y e a r in the p as t, is now ob ta ined e v e r y t h ird y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l ind iv id u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e en c o m p le t e d ,
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is sued.
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r each
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d . T h e s e co n d s u m m a r y b u l l e ti n p r e s e n t s nation al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m ind iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e S eattle—E v e r e t t s u r v e y w a s condu cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f D. B r u c e Han ch ett,
D eputy R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y could not have b e e n a c c o m ­
p li s h e d with out the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data
p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this bulletin.
T h e B u re au
w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A r e p o r t on oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is
a v a i l a b l e f o r the c o n tr a c t c le a n in g (J u ly 1971) ind ustr y.
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the
Se attle—E v e r e t t a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d building
trades.
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S ee b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A R EA W A G E S U R VE Y

Bulletin 1775-56
June 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR S TATISTIC S, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

S e a ttle —Everett, W ashington, M etropolitan A re a, January 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2 In tr o d u c tio n
5 W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s

T ab les:
4
7

8
10
11

12
13

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c op e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu died
Ind e xe s o f e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , a d ju sted f o r e m p l o y m e n t shifts

A.

6

O c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s ; A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t oc c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s

17 Ap p e n d ix.

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printirg Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a lly .1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i ts i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y th ird
year.
In each o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u lle tin p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r ty pe s u r v e y .

( 3 ) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4 ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w i t h i n th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e
e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t le s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in
th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n
i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r ( 2 ) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
E a rn in gs
d a t a not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d data, w h e r e show n.
L i k e w i s e , data a r e in cluded
in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s n o t s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not
availa ble.

In e ach a r e a , data a r e ob ta ined f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s ix b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a ti o n , and o t h e r public u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu dies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio ns and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s tr ie s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
ha vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f . w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p atio n s studied
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e tabula tion s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r each o f
the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo ym e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e
show n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n in g s data exclude p r e m iu m
p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
N on productio n bon u ses a re e x ­
c lu de d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e condu cted on a s a m p le b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b er
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith each e s t a b l i s h m e n t havin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W h en data
a r e c o m b i n e d , each e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that unbia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e rs . A n a lte r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o se n in the s am e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s uit ab le sub stitute is a v a i l a b l e , a d d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

c lu d e d . 2 W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t
h a lf h our) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t ra ig h t-tim e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
ra te s).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r these occupations a r e rounded
to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
a n a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s of in d iv id u a l occup ation al
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y no t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The a v e r­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y ­
ment patterns.
F o r e x am p le, p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s e m plo yed by
h igh - or lo w -w a g e firm s m a y change o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad ­
v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th ough m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s i n e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w i t h i n the
groups.

O c c u p ation s and E a r n in g s

T h e oc c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and no nm anu fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s re fle c t c o m p o site , a re a w id e e stim a te s.
In ­
d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , a n d
th u s c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
Pay aver­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
in dividu al e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

1 Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N.Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N .Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—
Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




2
Special payments provided for work in designated parts of the area by companies not consid­
ering such payments a part of the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because of reporting
problems. Such instances are few and do not have a large im pact on the published data.

2

3
A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c on trib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , sin c e
on ly the r a te s p aid incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tions used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c op e o f the study and not the nu m ber ac tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s t a b lis h m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta nce of the j o b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle tin .
In f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e tab ula tion s, c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p ast, is now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e tabulations on
m i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h ed ule d w o r k w e e k ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r ie s
ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r this a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S e a t t le —E v e r e tt, W a s h .,
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish m ents in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establish m ents

W orkers in establish m en ts
Within scope of stu d y 4

Within scope
of stud y3

Studied

877

179

209,915

100

134,709

50
“

259
618

59

120

95, 917
113,998

46
54

71, 119
63, 590

50
50
50
50
50

80
113
203
103
119

26
17
32
18
27

27, 001
14,437
37,289
22, 738
12, 533

13
7
18

20,763
3, 864
23, 030
11, 142
4, 791

_

A ll d iv isio n s _____________________________
M anufacturing________________________________
Nonm anufacturing_____________________________
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u tilities 5____ »
________________
W holesale trade 6__________________________
R etail tr a d e ________________________________
Finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l e s t a t e 6______
S e rv ic e s 6 7__________________________
_
_

Number

P erce n t

10
6

Studied

1 The Seattle— v e re tt Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic al A re a, a s defined by the Office of M anagement and Budget through Novem ber 1971,
E
c o n sists of King and Snohomish C ounties. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in this table provide a reason ab ly a ccu rate d escrip tion
of the siz e and com position of the labor force included in the survey. The e stim a te s a re not intended, however, to serv e a s a b a sis of com parison
with other employm ent indexes for the a re a to m e a su re employment tren ds or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage su rvey s req u ire s the use of
e stablish m en t data com piled co n sid erably in advance of the p ayroll period studied, and (2) sm a ll estab lish m en ts a re excluded from the scope of
the survey.
1 The 1967 edition of the Standard In d u strial C la ssific a tio n Manual was used in cla ssify in g estab lish m en ts by in du stry d ivision .
3 Includes a ll e stablish m en ts with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within theare a) of com pan ies in such
in d u stries as tra d e,

fin a n ce,

auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,

and m otion p ictu re th e a ters a re co n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m en t.

4 Includes a ll w o rk ers in a ll establish m en ts with total employment (within the a re a ) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A - s e r ie s tab le s. T axicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sportation were excluded.

S ea ttle 's
e le c tric u tilities and lo c a l-tr a n sit fa c ilitie s a re m unicipally operated and a re excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This in du stry d ivision is rep resen ted in e stim a te s for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. Sep arate p resentation
of data fo r this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following r e a so n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivision is too s m a ll to provide enough data
to m erit se p a rate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed in itially to p erm it se p a rate presentation, (3) resp o n se was in su fficien t or inadequate to
p erm it sep a rate presen tation , and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re of individual establishm ent, data.
7 H otels and m o tels; laun dries and other p erson al s e r v ic e s; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and parking;
m otion p ictu re s;
nonprofit m em bersh ip organ izations (excluding relig io u s and ch aritable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch ite ctu ra l s e r v ic e s.

In d u strial com position in m anufacturing
A lm ost one-half of the w ork ers within scope of the su rvey in the S eattle— v erett
E
a re a were employed in m anufacturing fir m s, The following p rese n ts the m ajo r industry
groups and sp ecific in du stries as a percent o a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in d u stries

Transportation equipm ent—
___ 58
Food and kindred p ro d u cts____ 8
Lum ber and wood products____ 7
M achinery, except e le c tr ic a l — 5

A irc ra ft and p a r ts_____________ 48
Ship and boatbuilding
and r e p a ir in g ________________ 7
M illw ork, plywood and
relate d p ro d u c ts_____________ 3
Saw m ills and planing
m i l l s -------------------------------- 3

This inform ation is based on e stim a te s of total employment d erived from u n iverse
m a te r ia ls com piled p rior to actu al survey. P rop ortion s in vario u s in dustry d ivision s m ay
d iffer from proportions based on the r e su lts of the su rvey a s shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s for S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d i n t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a te o f the in d e x . T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a t e s . A n n u a l r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s .
T h ese com pu­
t a t i o n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s ta n t
ra te betw een su r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a giv e n tim e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in t h e b a s e y e a r .
The b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d th e v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
The in d ex is co m p u ted by m u lti­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p l u s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r an d th e n c o n ­
tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s in dex.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , the w age
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e arn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n tw o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a c o n sta n t w eig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order

Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B

L im ita tio n s of D ata
T he in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(l) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w age
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e i n t h e s a m e j o b , a n d (3 ) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e
to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f fe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in
th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e t h a t e v e n
th ou gh a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h ave d eclin ed b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts en tered
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ag e s m a y have
r e m a in e d r e la tiv e ly co n sta n t, yet a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a m a y h ave r is e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers

Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f fe c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
av e rag e pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a t a a r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r each o ccu p atio n a r e m u lti­
p li e d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w eig h t, and the p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a tio n s
in the g r o u p a r e t o t a le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r an d d iv id in g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s the p e r c e n t
of change.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in S e a t t le —E v e re tt, W a s h ., J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2 an d
J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3 , and p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A l l in d u s t r ie s
W e e k ly e a r n in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e

In d u s tr ia l

S k ille d

U n s k ille d

n u rses

m a in t e n a n c e

p la n t-

c le r ic a l
(m e n

and

M a n u fa c tu r in g
W e e k ly e a r n in g s

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

(m e n

w om en)

and

w om en)

tra d e s

w o rk ers

(m e n )

(m e n )
In d e x e s

O ffic e

S k ille d

n u rses

m a in t e n a n c e

p la n t-

tra d e s

w ork ers

(m e n )

(m e n )

c le r ic a l
(m e n

and

(m e n

w om en)

(N o v e m b e r

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

In d u s tr ia l
and

w om en)

U n s k ille d

1967=100)

J a n u a ry

1 9 7 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 2 2 .9

1 2 3 .5

1 3 4 .6

1 3 4 .8

1 2 0 .8

(* )

1 3 2 .7

1 3 2 .5

J a n u a ry

1 9 7 3 _____________________________________________________

1 2 8 .7

(l )

1 4 3 .9

1 4 4 .8

1 3 0 .0

(* )■

1 4 2 .3

1 4 1 .9

P erc e n ts

o f change 1

1 9 6 0 ---------------------------------------

2 .6

3— 1 .5

2 .4

4 .4

3 .9

3 1 .0
-

2 .9

3 .2

Au gust

1960 to A u g u s t

1 9 6 1 ---------------------------------------

3 .3

3 .5

2 .1

3 .2

1 9 6 2 ---------------------------------------

3 .5

2 .7
2 .5

3 .5

1961

3 .9
3 .5

3 .6

Au gust

5 .5

3 .5

3 .9

2 .3

3 .5

Au gust

1962 to S e p te m b e r

3 .4

4 .3

4 .6

5 .4

4 .0

4 .2

4 .7

6 .0
5 \5

Au gust

1959 to A u g u s t
to A u g u s t

1 3 -m o n th

i 963:

i n c r e a s e ---------- i ----------------------------------------

A n n u a l ra te

o f i n c r e a s e i ---------------------------------

S e p te m b e r

1963 to

S e p te m b e r

1964 to O c to b e r

1 3 -m o n th

S e p te m b e r

3 .1

4 .0

4 .2

5 .0

3 .7

3 .9

4 .3

2 .3

3 .7

3 .8

2 .9

2 .9

4 .1

4 .0

3 .7

3 .5

—

1 9 6 4 ------------------------

2 .7

3 .6

4 .4

2 .7

1 .7

4 .0

6 .6

1965:

i n c r e a s e ________________________________________

3 .2

2 .5

3 .3

4 .1

2 .5

1 .6

3 .7

6 .1

4 .7

3 1 0 .0

5 .7

4 .6

4 .3

3 8 .5

5 .7

5 .5

1 3 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ----------------------------------------------------

4 .2

1 1 .4

4 .3

4 .5

3 .2

1 1 .4

4 .3

3 .4

A n n u a l ra te

3 .9

1 0 .5

4 .0

4 .1

3 .0

1 0 .5

4 .0

3 .1
6 .7

A n n u a l ra te

o f i n c r e a s e -----------------------------------------

O c to b e r

1965 to

O c to b e r

1 9 6 6 -----------------------------------

O c to b e r

1966 to N o v e m b e r

1967:

o f i n c r e a s e -----------------------------------------

6 .8

5 .3

8 .4

4 .6

8 .6

4 .9

8 .6

1 4 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ----------------------------------------------------

5 .3

5 .4

7 .3

7 .2

5 .4

5 .7

7 .1

8 .3

A n n u a l ra te

4 .5

4 .6

6 .2

6 .1

4 .6

4 .9

6 .1

7 .1

N ovem ber

1967 to N o v e m b e r

N ovem ber

1968 to J a n u a ry

1 9 6 8 -------------------------

1970:

o f in c r e a s e

--------------------------------------

3 .6

5 .1

6 .8

1 1 .3

2 .3

(* )

6 .0

8 .1

J a n u a ry

1971 to

J a n u a ry

1 9 7 2 -----------------------------------

5 .4

5 .8

8 .4

6 .1

1 9 7 3 ___________________________

4 .7

(13
2)

6 .9

7 .7

< *)
(* )

7 .6

1972 to J a n u a r y

7 .9
7 .4

3 .2

J a n u a ry

7 .2

7 .1

J a n u a ry

1970 to J a n u a ry

1 A ll

chan ges

2

D a ta

do

not

3

T h is

change

1 9 7 1 ___________________________

are
m eet

in c r e a s e s

u n le s s

p u b lic a tio n

la r g e ly

r e fle c ts

o t h e r w is e

in d ic a t e d .

c r ite r ia .
s h ifts

in

e m p lo y m e n t

b etw e en

h ig h -

and

lo w -w a g e

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

in

a d d itio n

to

w age

chan ges.




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju s te d
fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in S e a t t le — E v e r e tt, W a s h ., J a n u a r y 1 9 7 2 to J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3
A ll

O ffic e

c l e r i c a l (m e n

In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
S k ille d

a n d w o m e n )..

(n ie n

1

D a ta

do

not

4 .8

7 .7

(M
7 .2

(* )
6 .8

8 .3

6 .8

( m e n ) _______________________________

m eet

p u b lic a tio n

N O T E :

r e p o r tin g

T a b le

th e

T h e n ew

jo b s

area

th e

cu rren t

are

c o n v e rte d

on es
to

in

b oth

e m p lo y m e n t
are not

m a tc h e d

in c lu d e

on

th e
in

of

in

avera ge

e ffe c t

of

e m p lo y m e n t

in

cu rren t

and

th e

lin k e d

jo b s

( ')
( ')
9 .0

and

to th e

d a ta
(2 )

average

p r e v io u s

cu rren t

averages
of

h o u r ly

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

s h ifts .

e a r n in g s

yea r

The
fo r

(m a t c h e d

fo r

s e le c te d

n ew

m e th o d

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

e s t a b lis h m e n ts ),

c o n s ta n t.

c h a r a c te r is tic s

e a r n in g s

b a s is ,

chan ge

th e

chan ges

e s t a b lis h m e n t

O th e r

(1 )

h o u r ly

e x c lu d e

based

in

a vera ges.
an

p erc e n ts

to

is

w a g e tre n d s

chan ges
in

p r o v id e s

a d ju s te d

e s t a b lis h m e n t

m easu re
chan ges

3

w a g e tre n d s
in d e x

___

3 .5

c r ite r ia .

gro u p s,

c o m p u tin g

h o ld in g

fa c tu r in g

. _

( m e n ) _______________________________

o c c u p a t io n a l
fo r

N onm anu­

tu r in g

___________________________

and w o m en )

m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s

U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c ­

in d u s t r ie s

O c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p

of

o ffic e

tre n d

in d e x e s

w h erea s
th e

n ew

c le r ic a l

e s tim a te s

are

b e c a u s e th e
th e

cu rren t

w age

tre n d s

w o rk ers

and

p r o v id e d

n ew

w age

in d e x e s
w h ic h

tr e n d s

m ea su re

d iffe r

lin d u s t r ia l

fr o m

n u rses

f o r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

e s ta b li s h m e n t s .
F o r
in d e x e s ,
pp.

a m o re
see

5 2 -5 7 .

d e t a ile d

"Im p r o v in g

d e s c r ip tio n
A rea

W age

o f th e n e w

S u rvey

m e th o d

In d e x e s ,"

used

M o n t h ly

to

c o m p u te

L ab or

area

R e v ie w ,

w age
J a n u a ry

su rvey
1973,

8

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , Seattle—E v e re tt, W a s h ., January 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f--

t

t
70

weekly
Median £

(standard)

Middle ranged

*
75

S
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

t

*

*
100

105

110

t

t
120

130

t
140

S
150

t

S
160

170

S

$
180

190

$
200

S

*
210

220

an d
under

230
an d

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

-

-

13
13

-

13
13

5

4
2

22
19

14
3

1
1

18
18

2
2

1
1

4
2

-

-

1

26

2

13

17

2

54
44

15
9

14
11

33
31

4
2

l
1

11
11

190

200

210

220

230

over

I
1

2
”

180

-

-

6
6

10
10

-

6
6

“

-

9
3
6
*

6
1
5

7
1
6

3
3
-

_
—
-

_

_

-

-

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE)------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

114
91

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 2 6 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 1 0 9 .5 0

$
$
9 8 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
O

o

+

61

1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0

-

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0

_

_

17
17

915
111
804
109

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 - 1 8 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 5 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .5 0

1 ,0 8 6
168
918
305
313

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
l 1 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0

85

4 0 .0

1 3 2 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 5 . 0 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0

-

CLERKS,! FILE, CLASS B --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

246
224

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
9 9 . 00

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 6 . 5 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 3 . 0 0

_

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

341
340

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 7 9 .0 0 -

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

290
62
22 8

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 7 . 00 1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 8 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0

1 2 2 . 5 0 - 1 7 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 2 . 0 0 - 1 8 9 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S ---------------------

184
82
102
55

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 5 8 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S ---------------------

448
175
273
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

543
69
474
195
66

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .5 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICF BOYS AND GIRL S I—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------

159
111
44

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 0 .5 0 1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 7 . 00 1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 2 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

157
132

CLERKS, j ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A

See footn otes at end o f tables,




9 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

_

-

_
-

_
“

_

_

-

-

-

*

11
-

8
-

11

8
-

87
12
75
2

124
10
114
53

240
17
223
42

116
14
102
5

173
14
159
l

44
12
32
l

15
1
14
4

33
18
15
l

140
15
125
6
95

90
16
74
10
26

142
17
125
39
37

217
34
183
48
53

154
42
112
36
51

141
16
125
84
29

62
14
48
34
8

11
6
5
—
4

16
2
14
4
10

5
-

12
6
6
6

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

23
23

ii
6
5

13
3
10
-

“

~

-

-

-

_

_

-

—

20
-

11
-

65
-

20
-

11
2

65
32

-

1

-

3

i

-

3

12

13

23

15

14

1
1

19
19

75
74

31
31

24
23

32
32

12
12

2

26
16

11
7

5
1

5
5

36
36

61
61

79
78

57
57

68
68

8
8

6
6

2
2

10
10

5
5

5
5

4
4

-

_

8
2
6

6
6
-

8
8
-

27
17
10

19

34
9
25

48
10
38

30

-

9
3
6

19

-

30

5
1
4

i

15
11
4
3

20
12
8
3

50
27
23
7

20
8
12
5

22
5
17
13

16
5
ll
6

22
11
11
3

22
22

55
3
52

159
46
113
22

69
33
36
4

49
42
7
2

56
49
7
2

6
1
5
2

82
16
66
37
4

70
5
65
46
15

65
8
57
36
19

58
1
57
31
11

20
3
17

6
1
5

27
24
4

27
5
* 2

13
3
2

12
10
2

-

—

26
2
24

_

“

_

6

-

-

*

-

6

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

i
-

-

-

_

6

-

11

-

-

-

-

6

-

11

15
l
14

_

_

-

-

1
1

39
3
36
-

24
3
21

57
9
48

-

28
6
22
-

1

2

65
2
63
29
3

_

2
2

14
9

16
16
12

16
14
6

13
13
12

8
5
2

-

-

-

-

-

9
8

-

-

—

-

-

-

5
4
-

-

1
1
-

-

56

-

-

3
3

-

_

_

-

_

-

56

_
-

-

-

-

-

2

_

2

7

1

-

-

-

—

—

7
7

1
1

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
12
15
15
-

1

_

-

-

1
l
-

--

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

•

-

-

—

—

—

-

-

-

6

5

-

-

_

2
2
2

-

3
2
1
1

*

—
-

—

9
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by in du stry d iv is io n , Seattle—E v e re tt, W a sh ., January 1973)
W eekly earnings *
(standard)
A verage
w eekly

Occupation and industry division

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

*

*
70

*

*

t

S

75

80

85

90

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

t

$

*

s

t

$

t

*

»

$

t

t
*
$
*
200 210 220 230

95

100

105

110

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

100

105

110

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

—
-

6
2
*

-

—

17
4
13
2

162
17
1*5
10
3

2 58
27
231
16
5

276
8*
192
21
16

298
112
186
1*
19

317
207
110
16
15

372
252
120
18
12

285
210
75
16
13

180
132
*8
12
8

95
70
25
15
3

37
27
10
*
1

22
1
21
*

1
1

21
7

7
6

11
9

1*
8

17
6

7
4

5
*

2*
1
23
3

20
2
18
2

15
7
8
i

32
7
25
4

48
9
39
3

5*
27
27
8

*3
36
7
2

63
*8
15
8

77
63
1*
11

25
22
3
2

*3
12
31

12*
13
111
4
3

97
17
80
10
9

98
38
60
7
9

113
71
*2
*
6

1*3
68
75
5
6

206
l* *
62
13
12

93
77
16
1
8

10
5
5
l
3

10
3
7
2
1

1*3
*6
97
7

161
66
95
3

1*5
125
20
9

161
151
10
5

19
19

91
3

113
12
101
10

3
1
2
-

l
1
-

-

-

-

-

17
4
13
-

-

-

-

-

85
5
2

4
2
2

2
2
2

12
12
12

2
2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
16

and
under

(standard)

75

and

230

lo v e r

HEN ANO WOMEN C O M BIN E D - C O N T IN U E D
S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N UFACTURIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A IL T R A D E ----------------------

2 ,3 * 5
1, 1 *9
1 ,1 9 6
161
96

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 ,5
* 0 .0

$
1 5 * .5 0
1 6 * .0 0
1 *5 .5 0
1 6 * .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

$
1 5 5 .0 0
1 6 * .0 0
1 *0 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 * .5 0

$
$
1 3 5 .5 0 - 1 7 1 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 - 1 7 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 8 8 .0 0
1 * 0 . 0 0 - 1 7 1 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------N O N M A N UFACT UR IN G --------------------

91
51

* 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0

1 *5 .0 0 - 1 7 9 .0 0
1 *9 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

*2 9
223
206
51

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0 - 1 9 3 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0 - 1 9 5 .5 0
1 *1 .0 0 - 1 8 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 - 1 9 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------NO N M A NUFACTURIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R F T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

9 *7
*52
*95
57
57

* 0 .0
*0 .0
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
* 0 .0

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 *7 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 * 2 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 - 1 6 7 .5 0
1 3 *.0 0 - 1 7 7 .0 0
1 * 1 .5 0 - 1 7 * .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 ---------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------NO N M A N UFACTURIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

878
*3 *
***
37

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 *3 .5 0 1 * 3 .5 0
l 5 * . 50 1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 1 3 1 .5 0
1 * 0 . 5 0 1 3 8 .5 0

1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
1 * 7 .0 0 - 1 6 * .0 0
1 2 0 ,5 0 - 1 * 2 . 0 0
1 2 7 .0 0 - 1 5 * . 5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G F N E R A L ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------P U R L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------

736
3 *6
72

* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 * * .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 9 2 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N IO R ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N UFACTURIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

*5 6
50
*0 6
67

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 5 * . 50

1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 * * .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 - 1 * 6 . 5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 - 1 * 3 . 0 0
1 *3 .0 0 - 1 7 7 .5 0

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------

11*
92

*0 .0
* 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 * 6 . 0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0

-

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C F P T IO N IS T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A O F ----------------------

*5 3
93
360
*0
123

*0 .0
3 9 .5
* 0 .0
* 0 .0
*0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 3 5 . 50
1 0 9 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0
9 *.0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 * 2 .0 0
9 8 . 0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

-

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
G E N E R A L ----------------------------------N O N M A N UFACT UR IN G --------------------

105
79

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 * . 5 0
1 0 * . 50 1 0 1 .0 0

9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 2 . 0 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 8 . 0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

369
65
30*

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 * .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 * 0 . 0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 * 1 . 5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N UFACTURIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L TR A D E ----------------------

556
52
50*
*7
106

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
*0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

8 9 . 5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0
9 *.0 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0

See footn otes at end of tables,




—
—

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

—
-

4
4

-

-

_

-

-

-

*
—

-

_

5
5
~

_
-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

72
*
68
7

-

—

-

—

-

-

-

3
1
2
2

4

~

-

-

-

-

10
10

6
6
1
i
-

6
2
4

1*
3
11

95
4

18
17
6

38
33
6

25
20
l

87
71
3

195
11*
6

13*
17
3

108
25
11

15

28

18
i
17

53
7
46

128
2
126
8

71
17
5*
4

71
18
53
ii

—

15
_

-

28

-

23

23

i
22
12

3
20
8

1*
1
13
13

17
*
13
10
1

3
3

_

1
-

3
-

-

17
-

17

7
6

-

3

8
1
7
*

-

-

3
3

5
1
4
*

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2
2
—
-

_
-

-

5

6

_

_

_

_

-

—

6
6

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

*

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

9
9

12
11

i*
9

28
2*

7
7

13
1

8
8

1
1

12
12

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2*
2
22
2
l

3
2
1

2
1
1
l

_

2
2

_

_

_

7

_

-

_

_
-

_
_

i

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

_

10

_

_

_

-

_
_

_
_

~

“

23
15
8
8

81
l*
67
3
*9

21
3
18
3

56
2
5*
29

7*
16
58
1
10

111
13
98
2
31

35
11
2*
13
1

9
9

7
7

20
20

19
16

*

8
a

36
15

2

5
5

2*

7

32

4
20

3
*

2*
5
19

30

7*
5
69

58
2*
3*

53
15
38

*9
5
**

28
l
27

1*
1
13

63
2
61
1*

75
10
65
7

*7
*7
1

11*
25
89
10
7

68
6
62
*
27

36
*
32
5
8

13
13
8

2*

6
1
5
3
2

l*

*

1*

*
*

9
7
2
2

2

2

-

—

_

_

7
7

2

—

2*
11
11

-

1*

_

_
-

10
10

_

x

-

-

_

_

10
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in se le c te d occupations by in du stry d iv is io n , Seattle— v e r e tt, W a sh ., January 1973)
E
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
workeis

Number of workers receivin g straight -time weekly earnings of—

standard)

*

t

Average
weekly

120
Mea" 2

Median ^

Middle ranged

$

t

13 0

140

i

t

150

160

S
170

s
180

t
190

S
200

i

*
210

220

$

*

t

230

240

25 0

t

260

t

$

270

280

i
290

t
300

and
under

$:
120

310
and

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

22

250

260

270

290

300

310 over

2

280

HEN AND WOMEN C O M BIN E D

$

$

$

A ----

86

3 9 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

1 9 2 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

2

8

8

18

4

9

4

9

CO M PU T ER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------

192
155

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 3 5 . 5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

14
12

13
II

36
35

33
33

23
18

16
15

18
16

13
9

6
2

17
4

3

CO M PU T FR O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C ---N O N M A N U EA C TU R IN G ---------------

138
54

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 9 4 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

14
*13

6
6

13
11

4
4

7
7

18
11

12
2

11

35

17

1

CO M PU T ER P R O G R A M E R S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------

148
123

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 3 8 .0 0
2 4 1 .0 0

2 1 6 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 -2 3 3 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

2
2

11
11

25
23

48
39

20
14

13
6

2
1

1
1

2
2

C O M PU TER P R O G R A M E R S,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

174
157

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 1 7 .0 0
2 1 9 .0 0

2 0 3 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0

184. 0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

10
10

92
87

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 1 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0

1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 1 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

105
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 5 8 .0 0
2 7 8 .0 0

2 4 5 .0 0
2 4 9 .0 0

2 3 3 .0 0 -2 5 4 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0 -2 8 7 .5 0

2 1 2 .5 0

1 9 7 .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

4

15

ii

2 1 0 .0 0

2 0 1 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

56

72

212

-

_

2

19

128
14
13

89
2

10

39
21

-

5

8

18
14
1

l

-

31
1

31

-

1

2

13

a

16

4

10

CO M PU T FR

O PERA TO RS,

CLASS

C O M PU T ER P R O G R A M E R S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

“

_

_

_

“

~

~

19
19

5
5

10
10

21
17

18
12

29
24

6
5

6
5

9
9

4
4

10
10

4
4

14
14

9
9

8
8

11
7

5
4

4

14
14

3
3

5
5

2
2

4
4

3
3

2

_

_

8

12
2

13
2

40
29

10

_

C O M PU T ER S Y S T E M S
B U S IN F S S , C LA SS

A N A LYSTS,
B ----------------

81

*
o
o

C O M PU T ER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
B U S I N F S S , C L A S S A -----------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------

$

2 1 8 .5 0

D RA FTSM EN ,

A ----------------

672

o
o

2 1 0 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ---------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

360
63
27

4 0 .0 181.00 180.00 172.50-190.00
40.0 195.50 201.00 180.00-209.00
4 0.0 190.50 191.00 177.50-203.00

“

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ---------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN G
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

250

o
o
«*

154.00 155.50 150.50-162.00

14

2

22

18

118

52

21

25

o
o
«•
*

162.50 167.50 149.50-177.00

-

1

-

6

3

6

146

O
O

190.50 187.00 165.00-222.00

2

8

10

6

18

21

6

_
2
2

9

E L E C T R O N IC S

4

CLASS

T E C H N IC IA N S

---------

*
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
**
W orkers w ere distributed as follows:
* * * W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
See footnotes at end of tables,




4 at
2 at
1 at

2

-

—
-

l
“

$100 to $110; and 9 at $110 to $120.
$320 to $330; 2 at $340 to $350; 5 at $350 to $ 360; and 15 at $360 to $370.
$350 to $360; 2 at $360 to $370; 9 at $370 to $380; and 1 at $380 to $ 390.

Q
162

_
7
7

-

8
8

4
4

2
2

2
2

2

8

8

10

1

5

10 9

40

18

2

-

-

22

2

4

2

5
5

3
3

-

**24
24

7
7
-

-

13

T a b le A -3 .

O f fic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by s ex

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n u a ry 1973)
Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - MEN|
C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

55

3 9 .5

$
1 7 7 .0 0

31

3 9 .5

1 7 3 .5 0

M ESSFN G FR S

83

O C C U P A T IO N S

--------------

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

1 1 6 .0 0

WCMEN|

R I L L E R S , M A C H IN E ( B I L L I N G
M A C H IN E ) --------------------------------------------------------

60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

O

B O O K K E F P I N G —M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S R --------------------------------------

113
90

o

B O O K K E F P I N G —M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0

157
132

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------R F T A I L T P A D F ------------------------

860
98
762
109

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I F S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

1 ,0 7 7
163
91A
302
313

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
l 1 4 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

NO N“ A N U F A C T U R IN G

F IL E ,

CLA SS

A ------------------

85

C LE R K S, F IL F , CLASS
N O W M A N U F A C T U R IN G

R --------------------------------------

246
224

C LE R K S, F IL E , C LA SS
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

C -----------------------------------

341
340

o
o

C LERKS,

---------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 9 . 00
8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

179

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0

---------------

81
98
54

3 9 .0

1 5 5 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

44 8
175
273
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0




an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers
*

-

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN—- C O N T IN U E D

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
[standard)

-

$
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

542
69
473
194
66

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

76
65
38

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 5 . 00
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------

2 ,3 4 4
1 , 148
1 ,1 9 6
161
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 6 4 . 50
1 5 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

91
51

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

429
223
206
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

947
45 2
495
57
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

877
433
444
37

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 3 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 4 0 . 50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

732
342
68

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

456
50
406
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

114
92

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------

453
93
360
40
123

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

IT R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
G E N E R A L -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

105
79

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

369
65
304

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

{ T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

554
52
502
45
106

1 3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

102^00
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN

76

3 9 .5

1 9 6 .0 0

C L A S S B ------------------------------

176
142

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

140
119

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 3 9 .5 0
2 4 2 .5 0

C O M PU TER P R O G R A M E R S,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

160
149

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 1 8 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0

C O M PU TER P R O G R A M E R S,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

78
77

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

98
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 5 9 .5 0
2 7 9 .5 0

C O M PU TER

O PERA TO RS,

CO M PU TER O P E R A T O R S ,
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
CO M PU TFR

C LA SS

A ---------

PRO G RA M ERS,

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S
B U S IN E S S , C LA S S

A N A LYSTS,
B -----------------------

66

2 2 0 .5 0

D RA FTSM EN ,

A -----------------------

643

2 1 1 .0 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

333
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 1 .5 0
1 9 6 .5 0

D RA FTSM EN ,

200

4 0 .0

1 5 4 .0 0

E L E C T R O N IC S

C LASS

C LA SS

C -----------------------

T E C H N IC IA N S

----------------

146

*

S e e fo o tn o te a t en d o f ta b le s .

o c c u p a tio n ,

o

----------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N IIE A C T U R I N G -----------------

Average
Sex,

o

1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

U T IL IT IF S

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

4-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

P U R L IC

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

o
o

200
62

°A Y R O L L

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
M OM EN— C O N T IN U E D

Number
of
workers

o
o

C L F P K S , O R D E R -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------C LFRKS,

o c c u p a tio n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E G I R L S ) ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

M
l-

BO YS)

o
o

O F F IC E

(O F F IC E

Average
Sex,

1 9 0 .5 0

12
T a b le A -4 .

M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

^A verage s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations by in du stry d iv is io n , Seattle— v e r e tt, W ash., January 1973)
E

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings o

Hourly earnings ^

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

5

i
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

Under 3* 60 3* 70
*
and
3.60 under

$

t

5

I

S

i

I

I

$

t

t

i

3 * 80 3,90 4* 00 4,10 4,2 0 4,3 0 4,4 0 4* 50 4* 60 4 ,7 0

4* 80 4,90

t
-

_______3.70 3.80 3 .9 0 6.0 0 4.1 0 6.2 0 6.3 0 4.4 0 6 . SO 4.6 0 6.7 0 4 .8 0

s

5.0 0 5.2 0
-

t

S

i

i

i

5.40 5.6 0 5.80 6.0 0 6.2 0 6.40
-

-

-

-

-

and

4,90 5.00 5. 20 5.40 5,60 5.8 0 6.00 6.2 0 6,40 over

MFN
$
.5 .1 7
5 .1 6

$
5 .1 1 5 .1 2 -

$
5 .6 1
5 .2 0

E L F C T R I C I A N S , M A IN T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------

313
277

5 .5 4
5 .3 7

5 .3 4
5 .3 3

5 .1 6 5 .1 5 -

5 .4 0
5 .3 8

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T IO N A R Y ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------

206
134
72

5 .2 2
5 .1 3
5 .3 8

5 .1 8
5 .1 6
5 .6 1

5 .0 6 4 .8 6 5 .0 9 -

5 .6 3
5 .5 4
5 .6 7

_

F I R E M E N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L F R ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------

65
55

4 .2 0
4 .3 0

4 . 14
4 . 15

4 .0 3 4 .0 5 -

4 .2 8
4 .4 5

6

H E L P E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S --------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------

104
83

4 .1 2
4 .0 6

4 .2 5
4 .2 3

m

3 .6 8 -

4 .3 1

M A C H I N I S T S , M A IN T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------

120
114

5 .3 9
5 .3 9

5 .3 2
5 .3 2

5 .1 4 5 .1 5 -

5 .6 1
5 .6 0

M E C H A N IC S * A U T O M O T IV E
(M A IN T E N A N C E ) --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

615
209
406
339

5 .6 1
5 .4 8
5 .6 9
5 .6 6

5 .5 7
5 .5 3
5 .7 8
5 .7 7

5 .1 9 5 .1 4 5 .3 2 5 .3 0 -

6 .2 0
5 .7 2
6 .2 4
6 .2 6

M E C H A N IC S , M A IN T E N A N C E ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------

483
438

5 .2 5
5 .2 9

5 .3 1
5 .3 2

4 .9 8 5 .0 7 -

5 .3 9
5 .3 9

-----------------

53

5 .3 3

5 . 18

5 .1 3 -

5 .6 1

M A K E R S --------------------

236

5 .6 5

5 .7 4

5 .3 7 -

“

-




64
63

_

39
39

56
51

5
2

4
3
1

3
3

_

_

“

2
2

-

~

-

-

-

-

_

27
27

_
*
6
6

—
_

_
—

_

-

-

7
7

13
13

19
15

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

15
15

_
-

6
6

_

37
28

23
22

-

~

2

_
_

2
10

12
12
_

7

*

-

4

1

_

_

54

1

-

-

54
54
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

8
8

22
-

140
140

17
16

14
14

5

_

4

-

5
-

76
54
22

10
6

18
16

52
14
38

9
9
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

4
4

4
4

4

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

4

_
-

-

4
4

43
43

38
38

1
l

13
13

10
10

“

65
61
4
-

59
32
27
11

ll
11
11

61
6
55
22

50
50

28
28

23
22

-

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

4

2

6
i

-

14
14

*35
11

1

I

*
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 7 at $ 6.60 to $ 6.80; 9 at $ 6.80 to $ 7; 4 at $ 7 to $ 7.20; 5 at $ 7.40 to $ 7.60; and 10 at $ 8 to $ 8.20.
* * W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 25 at $ 6.40 to $ 6.60; and 11 at $ 6.60 to $ 6.80.
See footnotes at end of tables.

2
2

12
12

2

13
“

5 .8 4

M A IN T E N A N C E

AND D I E

1

P A IN T E R S ,
TOOL

*

$
5 .3 0
5 .2 4

P
O

143
100

o

C A R P E N T E R S * M A IN T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------

2

6
6
-

10
10
10

30
21
9
8

58
58
-

102
102
90

_

21
4

98
92

95
95

151
147

-

-

31

-

-

-

2

4

8

1

80

14

39

103

-

7
5

-

36
122
—
25
97
36
97 **36
_

_

13
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by industry d iv is io n , Seattle— v e r e tt, W ash., January 1973)
E

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earn in gs3

$
Sex, occupation, and industry division
M iddle range 2

$

i

$

$

$

i

Under2 *00 2* 20 2 *40 2* 60 2.8 0 3.00
$
and
2.00/under
-

$

$

%

3.20 3.4 0 3.6 0
-

-

-

$

$

I

I

I

I

3.80 4.0 0 4 .2 0 4.40 4.6 0 4.8 0
-

-

-

-

-

-

I

s

$

I

5.00 5.20 5.4 0 5.60
-

-

-

-

$

I

5.80 6.00 6.2 0
-

-

and

2.20 2.40 2.6 0 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.4 0 3.6 0 3.8 0 4.0 0 4 .2 0 4.40 4 .6 0 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.0 0 6.20 over

G UAR D S AMO WATCHMEN --------------------

$
2 .3 5

$
1 .9 1

$
$
1 .8 5 - 2 . 0 9

15

3

1

12

19

6

13
7

-

1

8
2
6
6

17
5
12
—
2

47
5
42

50
—
50
2
/

298
9
289

101

55

101
1
76

321
25
296

-

21
21
—
21

152
113
39
6

94
79
15
12
“

5 .9 3
4 .9 9
5 .9 7
6 .1 2
4 .4 2

_

_

_

_

_

90

1

2

-

-

-

-

90

1

2

68
30
38

90
70
20

35
3
32

*

-

“

1

2

38

20

20

4 .3 7 4 .2 9 4 . 3 8-

5 .6 1
4 .5 8
5 .6 4

_
“

“

_
“

6
6
“

10
10

5
5
“

51
51

1
1

_
-

4 .3 7
4 .4 0

4 .3 0 4 .3 4 -

4 .4 5
4 .4 7

5

18

20

4 .5 2
4 .5 7

4 .6 1
4 . 63

4 .3 1 4 .5 1 -

4 .7 0
4 .7 2

4

19
17

173
59
114

4 .6 4
4 .8 9
4 .5 1

4 .6 4
4 .6 9
4 .6 2

4 .5 8 4 .6 3 4 .5 4 -

4 .6 9
5 .4 2
4 .6 7

1 ,3 1 2

4 .4 2

4 .5 4

4 .5 1 -

4 .5 7

l , 360
427
933
39
204

3 .4 9
3 .9 1
3 .3 0
4 .1 7
3 .2 3

3 .4 5
3 .9 7
3 .2 5
4 .2 9
3 .2 2

3 .0 9 3 .7 4 3 .0 5 3 .8 6 3 .0 5 -

3 .8 5
4 .1 5
3 .4 6
4 .5 6
3 .2 9

-

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R IA L H A N D L I N G --------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------NO N M A N UFACTURIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

1 ,0 7 0
273
797
302
218

4 .8 1
4 .4 8
4 .9 2
5 .9 2
4 .3 4

4 .4 7
4 .2 9
4 .4 9
5 .9 9
4 .3 2

4 .1 2 3 .8 9 4 .2 9 5 .9 4 3 .8 8 -

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N UFACTURIN G --------------------

1 ,0 8 6
244
842

4 .8 1
4 .2 5
4 .9 8

4 .5 1
4 .5 1
4 . 50

P A C K F R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------NO N M A N UFACTURIN G --------------------

238
191

4 .3 7
4 .5 0

R E C E I V IN G C L E R K S -----------------------NO N M A NUFACTURIN G --------------------

242
197

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N UFACTURIN G --------------------

-

_

“

-

-

2

*

15
15
“

_
-

-

_
~

3
3

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

3

91

4 .5 5

4 .3 7

4 .0 9 -

4 .8 7

3 , 729
969
2 ,7 6 0
1 ,6 2 0
283

5 .7 8
5 .7 2
5 .8 1
6 .0 7
5 .2 1

6 .0 5
5 .7 8
6 .0 6
6 .0 9
5 .8 8

5 .4 0 5 .3 1 5 .9 1 6 .0 2 4 .5 1 -

6 .1 5
6 .1 5
6 .1 5
6 .1 6
6 .1 6

T R U C K D R IV E R S , L IG H T IU N D E R
1 - 1 /2 T O N S I -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------

216
196

4 .4 7
4 .4 1

4 .4 5
4 .4 5

4 .4 1 4 .4 1 -

4 .5 0
4 .4 9

-

TRUCKD R I V E R S , M ED IUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND IN C L U D IN G A T O N S I ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U PIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1 ,6 2 7
149
1 ,4 7 8
1 ,2 7 7

5 .8 5
5 .5 9
5 .8 7
6 .0 6

6 .0 4
5 .5 7
6 .0 6
6 .0 8

5 .9 3 5 .5 1 5 .9 6 6 .0 1 -

6 .1 3
5 .8 7
6 .1 3
6 .1 4

-

-

-

21

-

-

-

21

T R U C K D R IV E P S , H E A V Y (O V E R 4 T O N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ! ------------------ ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N UFACTURIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1, 290
239
1 ,0 5 1
334

5 .8 5
5 .3 0
5 .9 7
6 .1 8

6 .0 7
5 .2 7
6 .1 2
6 .2 2

5 .4 2 4 .7 9 6 .0 0 6 .0 6 -

6 .2 1
5 .7 0
6 .2 2
6 .2 6

AND R E C E I V IN G

CLERKS

_

_

~

~
-

_

21

.

_

-

-

-

-

21
—
21

-

—

~
-

—

—

-

-

-

-

-




5

141

2

27
16
11
6
5

47
24
23
13
10

6

l

6
4
2

1

-

1

-

i

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

i

-

-

-

155
59
96

3
3
—

12
12
-

_
-

24
24
-

20
20
—
-

20
20
-

75

179
30
149
17
36

230
230
155
17

139
139
130
9

228
37
191

304
124
180

44
43
1

3

12

7

92

269

36

_

3

12

7

92

269

36

-

-

6
6

97
93

64
64

-

_

28
28

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

■
“

-

~

1

5
5

50
23

32
30

113
107

1
-

2
-

_

_
-

2
2

9
9

2
2

_

6
5
1

' _
—
-

26
2
24

95
27
68

4
2
2

7
6
1

1

15
15
-

2
2

-

32

2

-

1

_

~

-

1

-

-

5

18

25

9

7

8

5

3

1

-

—
-

4
1
3

3
2
1
1

213
2
211
19
108

79
77
2
—
2

22
21
1
1

36
16
20
1
2

514
270
244
6

190
66
124
4

41
36
5

39
37

-

-

2
-

134
134

-

l

39
24

-

4
1
3

1
-

79
2
77
11

12
10
2

12
9
3

117
10
107

66
66
-

l

“

15

213
112
101

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

1
1

“
67
67

1
l

-

-

~

_
-

-

15

_

i

39
2
37
—
-

“

-

* W orkers were distributed as follow s: 29 at $1.60 to $1.80; and 849 at $1.80 to $2.00.
** Workers were distributed as follow s: 337 at $6.20 to $6.40; 4 at $6.40 to $6.60; and 6 at $6.80 to $7.
See footn otes at end o f tables

20
168
149
19
i
9

2

1

------

T R U C K O R IV E R S
---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------NO N M A NUEAC TU RING -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

S H IP P IN G

54

141

17

176

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------TJONMANUF A C T U R IN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L TR A D E ----------------------

128

6

17

*878

GUARD S
M ANUFACTIJR I N G ------------------------

-

-

-

-

9

' -

32 3 1765
36 2 89
287 1476
276 1120
99
11
-

-

“

296
20
276
276

41
36
5

16
5
11

_

_

479
151
328
198
34

10 1 9
31
988
988

-

124
124

2
2
-

-

-

-

467 **3 4 7
19
467
328
132
198

14
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s

in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

S e a tt le -E v e r e tt ,

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

J a n u a ry 1973)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings ^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W a s h .,

Middle range 2

s
$
»
$
s
t
$
$
$
S
$
s
2.20 2.4 0 2.60 2.8 0 3.00 3.20 3.4 0 3.60 3.80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0
Under 2.00
and
$
2. 00 under
2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.4 0 3.6 0 3.8 0

*
o
o

(A v e r a g e

4.2 0 4.4 0

i
*
i
S
S
*
$
s
t
$
4.40 4.60 4. 80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20
and
4.60 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 .00 6.20

over

M
FN - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TPUCKOR IV ERS » HEAVY COVER 4 TONS,

$
6.19

$
6. 18

$

799
534
265

4.72
4.40
5.38

4.56
4.29
5.81

4 .2 3 - 5.5 9
4 .1 6 - 4.62
4 .6 5 - 5.90

97

4.34

4.41

278
243
TRUCKERS, POWER (EORKLIET) -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUEACTURING ------------------------

$
8

®*

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

12
-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

32
32
-

103
103

11
ll

22
10

105 *132
84 132

125
103
22

148
90
58

31
31
-

-

-

3
3
-

31

122
16
106

26
12
14

20

-

-

1

128
126
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

-

-

“

*

31
-

20

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
7
W EN
OM
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----

570
69

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------------------NONMANUEACTUPING ------------------------

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u te d a s fo llo w s :

S ee

fo o tn o te s




at

end

of

ta b le s .

108
97

3.32

3.15

3 .0 5- 3.49

3 .0

3 . 19

3.11

4.12
4.21

3.99
4.21

3 .9 2 - 4.38
3.94- 4.41

12 a t $ 6 . 2 0 t o

-

-

3.26

6
6

4
f
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ 6 .4 0 ; a n d 120 a t $ 6 .4 0 t o

$ 6 .6 0 .

10

12

1

3

2
-

6
2

278

29

102

37

30

6
6

4
4

40
35

59

26
_

-

-

-

26
26

15

F o o tn o te s

1 Stand ard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r each j o b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i ti o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r ate shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown.
T h e m id d l e
ran g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay ; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fou rth e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r ra te .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late shifts .







A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The

p r im a r y

o c c u p a t io n s
fro m

to

to

who

area.

in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t
in d iv id u a l

p u rp o se

w ork ers

area

and

w o r k in g

p r e p a r in g

e m p lo y e d

p e r m its

in te r a r e a

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

e x c lu d e

of

are

T h is
or

jo b

d e s c r ip t io n s

u n d er

th e

a

v a r ie ty

g r o u p in g

c o m p a r a b ility

th o s e

s u p e r v is o r s ;

p rep ared

of

of

fo r

a p p r e n t ic e s :

fo r

o f

th e

o c c u p a t io n a l

o th e r

title s
w age
In

w age

and
ra te s

c o n te n t,

p u rp oses.

le a r n e r s :

B u r e a u 's

p a y r o ll

o c c u p a t io n a l

th e

su rvey s

d iffe r e n t

B u r e a u 's

a p p ly in g

th e s e

tr a in e e s ;

b e g in n e r s ;

is

w o rk

and

jo b

to

a s s is t

its

c o m p a r a b le

d e s c r ip t io n s

jo b

fie ld

a rra n g em en ts

r e p r e s e n t in g

m ay

d e s c r ip t io n s ,

h a n d ic a p p e d ,

s ta ff

fr o m

jo b

d iffe r

th e

in

to

B ecau se

s ig n ific a n tly

B u r e a u 's

p a r t - tim e ,

c la s s ify in g

e s t a b lis h m e n t

c o n te n t.

fie ld

in to
th is

fr o m

and

and

e m p h a s is

th o s e

e c o n o m is t s

te m p o ra ry ,

a p p r o p r ia te

e s t a b lis h m e n t

of

in

are

on

use

in

in s t r u c te d

p r o b a tio n a r y

w ork ers.

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

m a tic

C L E R K ,

M A C H IN E
P rep a res

s ta te m e n ts ,

ty p e w r it e r .

c le r ic a l

w o rk

c la s s ifie d

M ay

a ls o

in c id e n t a l

by

ty p e

of

to

a d d in g

and

m a c h in e
m a c h in e )

p rep a red

d e t e r m in e d
m a y not

to

b e c o m p u te d

b y m a c h in e .
p rep ared

on

th e

and

is

o ft e n

b ills

b illin g s

F o r

or

w age

and

a

s h ip p in g

s tu d y

s p e c ia l

in v o ic e s

ch a rges

b illin g
on

U ses

ch a rges

p u rp oses,

a

and

m a c h in e ,
in v o lv e s

fa n fo ld

b illin g

fr o m

m em oran d u m s,

u s u a lly

done

to

o t h e r th a n an o r d in a r y
or

or

p e r fo r m

b ille r s ,

o th e r

m a c h in e ,

C la s s

are

r e q u ir e

e tc .

e n try
and

c u s to m e rs '
U s u a lly

of

to t a ls

a la r g e

m a c h in e

w h ic h

p u rch a se

in v o lv e s

n ecessary

m a c h in e

t io n .

G e n e r a lly

m a c h in e
and

to

in v o lv e s

a u to m a tic a lly

u s u a lly

edge

(b o o k k e e p in g

k eyb oard )

c la s s

p re ­

a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d

ca rb o n

c o p ie s

of

th e

of

p r in ts

b o o k k e e p in g .

O p e ra te s
b u s in e s s

s im u lt a n e o u s

W ork s

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

o f

th e

a c c u m u la te s

a u to m a tic a lly

e n try

fig u r e s

th e

fr o m

u n ifo r m

fig u r e s

a

or

b o o k k e e p in g

as p a rt

o f

on

d e b it

a

b ills

and

th e

m a c h in e

o f

v e r t ic a l

b a la n c e s .

s ta n d a rd

o r

op era­

le d g e r

o f

not

reco rd .
and

o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r

and

a

B .

D e te r m in e s

p hase

of

by

th e

c r e d it

s lip s .

M ay

an d d is t r ib u tio n

p rep a re

c o n s o lid a te d

o f d e b it a n d

re p o rts,

k eyb o ard )

c r e d it

it e m s

b a la n c e

to

keep

in d ic a t e d ;

a c c o u n tin g

r e q u ir in g
p a y r o ll,

K eeps

litt le

k n o w le d g e

c u s to m e rs '

m a c h in e ),

a re co rd
of

of

tr ia l

one o r m o re

b a s ic

a c c o u n ts

c o s t d is t r ib u tio n ,

p r e p a r a tio n

of

b o o k k e e p in g .

(n o t

in c lu d in g

expense

b a la n c e s

phases

s e c tio n s

a

Phases

s im p le

d is t r ib u tio n ,

and

or

of

to

be used
o th e r

of

reco rd s

p rep a re

or

s e c tio n s

ty p e

of

F ile s ,

s h e e ts

fo r

d e s c r ib e d
e tc .

th e

c la s s ifie s ,

m anual

fo llo w in g

w it h

A .

one o r m o re

a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l

accu ra cy of

a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ;

and

v e r ify in g

o r

p r e p a r in g

in

e ith e r

a c c o u n ts ;

fo r

c le r ic a l

s im p le

w h ic h
W ith
and

a

m anual

The

w o rk

r e la te s

e x p e r ie n c e ,
o f

or

a u to m a te d

r e q u ir e s

th e
used

a

in

th e a s s ig n e d

b o o k k e e p in g




and

p r e s c r ib e d

a c c o u n tin g
of
and

of

as

M ay

in

th e

w a rd s

each

p o s tin g t o

r e g is te r s
and

d is t r ib u tio n

lis ts ,

c o m p lic a t e d

a s s is t

and

le d g e r s :

m a th e m a tic a l
e x a m in in g

p o s tin g ,

vou ch ers.

M ay

e a s ily

or

e tc .;

r e c o r d in g
but

fa m ilia r
is

of

o ffic e

tr a n s a c t io n s

p r a c tic e s

and

to h a v e

a

an d a c c o u n tin g

k n o w le d g e

o f

th e

te rm s
fo r m a l

C L E R K ,

The

B u rea u

has

an

o p e r a tio n s

be

w h ic h

p r o c e s s in g

s u b s t a n tia l

tr a n s a c t io n s

M ay

by

com ­

v a r ie ty

th ro u g h

a s s is t e d

d o c u m e n ts

in s t r u c tio n s

c le r ic a l
of

c o m p le te n e s s

to

m a te r ia l

m a in t a in

o f

and

of

p r e v io u s

one o r

m ore

s ta n d a r d iz e d

fe w

such

lo c a tio n s

s ta n d a r d iz e d
a

and

o p e r a tio n s ,

ite m s

u s in g

in

an

file s .

in d e x e s

file

e s t a b lis h e d

and

as

of

p ro ­

p o s tin g

p o s tin g s

r e p e titiv e

p r e s c r ib e d

e s t a b lis h e d
P o s itio n s

m a te r ia l

filin g

th is m a t e r i a l .

a

s m a ll

codes,

to
are

reco rd s

a c c o u n tin g

codes.

filin g

are

s y stem .

c la s s ifie d

and

grou p
file s

to

and

fo llo w

o f

such

sy stem

M ay

keep

lo w e r

as

corresp on d en ce,

c o n ta in in g
record s

le v e l

a

of

file

p e r fo r m

le v e ls

o n th e

c le r ic a l

filin g

s e r ia l

of

lo c a te s

out

w it h d r a w a l

and

s e r v ic e

ta s k s

m a te r ia l

by

s im p le

c la s s ific a tio n
r e a d ily

ch a rge.

r e q u ir e d

th a t

has

s ystem

a v a ila b le

M ay

to

v a r ie d

ty p e s

te c h ­

s u b je c t

in c o n ju n c t io n

(s u b je c t m a t t e r )

m a in t a in

a lr e a d y
(e .g .,

b een

s im p le

in

and

s e r v ic e

c la s s ifie d

file s

h ead­

r e la t e d in d e x an d
in
file s and f o r ­

a lp h a b e t ic a l,

m a te r ia l

p e r fo r m

re p o rts,

num ber o f

v a r io u s

c le r k s .

u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l

r e la te d

r o u tin e

re q u e s te d ,

fill

m a in t a in

c u s to m e rs '

o rd ers

a n y c o m b in a t io n o f
th e

ite m s

to

m ake

d is t r ib u tin g o r d e r
d e t e r m in e

up o rd e rs

in v o ic e s

p e rfo rm

in a s i m p l e

A s

m ay

M ay

in to

w h ic h

c h r o n o lo g ic a l,

and

c le r ic a l

file s .

or

fo r w a r d s

and

m anual

m a­
ta s k s

file s .

O R D ER

lis tin g

s h e e t;

M ay

P e r fo r m s

c la s s ifie d

d e p a rtm e n t to
w it h

to

fo r

th e
up

m a te r ia l

fo llo w in g :
th e

s h e e ts to

c r e d it

s e e th a t

o r ig in a l

r a tin g

ord er;

o r m e r c h a n d is e

Q u o t in g p r i c e s
c h e c k in g

r e s p e c t iv e

d ep a rtm e n ts

o f c u s to m e r,

th e y h a v e

b een

to

p r ic e s

fille d ,

file

m a il,

phon e,
of

p e r s o n a lly .

ite m s

M ay check

r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s

o f o rd ers

or

m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r

q u a n tit ie s

to b e f ille d .

a c k n o w le d g e
keep

by

c u s to m e rs ;

and

r e c e iv e d ,

and

on

w it h

fr o m

o rd er
c r e d it

c u s to m e rs ,

check

s h ip p in g

o rd ers.

d is c o n t in u e d

P A Y R O L L
C o m p u tes

s h e e ts .
p o s tin g
days,
a s s is t

a c c o u n t in g .

N O T E :

and

file

le a d

S o rts ,

C .

and

r e q u ir e d

p ro ced u res

a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .

w it h th e b o o k k e e p in g

n o t r e q u ir e d

and

r e tr ie v e s

in

a ls o

M ay

B .

n u m e r ic a l).

C L E R K ,
and

a

w o rk

s y stem .
m e th o d s

tr a c in g

d e t a ile d

a c c o u n tin g

id e n tific a tio n

c o d in g

r e q u ir e d

e tc .,

m a te r ia l.

te r ia l;

b ille r ,

or

d ep a rtm e n t.

codes;

c a lc u la t io n s ,

jo u r n a l

o r

am ong

d e fin itio n s .

M ay

file s .

C la s s

u s u a lly

u n d er

check

a c c o u n tin g

c o m p le te n e s s ,

a c c o u n tin g

re p o rts,

m ore

c le r ic a l

becom es
w ork ,

such

c o n s is t e n c y ,

ty p e s

p r e p a r in g

p r o c e s s in g

ta s k s

in te r n a l

v a r io u s

k n o w le d g e

w o r k e r ty p ic a lly
in

th e

a s s ig n in g

accu ra cy

a s s is t in g

to th e c le r ic a l

p ro ced u res

p r in c ip le s

or

v e r ify in g

c le r ic a lly

d is c r e p a n c ie s .

fo llo w in g

r o u t in e
w h ere

a c c u r a c y and
and

C la s s ifie s

file s .

D u t ie s in v o lv e

bank

e x a m p le ,

fo r

in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P rep ares
s im p le
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e s te d ,
lo c a te s c le a r ly
id e n tifie d
m a te r ia l

sheet
P e r fo r m s

m o re

and

ta s k s

d o c u m e n ts ,

m a tte r

record s

A C C O U N T IN G

r e c o n c ilin g

s u p e r v is io n ,

or

d o c u m e n ts ;

R e c e iv e s
C L E R K ,

c lo s e

c h e c k in g

th e

in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,

b illin g

in v e n to r y c o n t r o l,

c o n tro l

a set

d e fin itio n s .

c le r ic a l

F IL E

of

is
B.

of

fo llo w in g

s e le c t in g

c la s s ific a t io n s ,
sou rce

w o rk s h e e ts

and

a reco rd

and

s h e e ts ,

and

ju d g m e n t,

th e

a c c o u n tin g

c le r k s .

or

c le r ic a l

of
r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g
a k n o w le d g e
o f and
e x p e r ie n c e
in
b a s ic
f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m

record s

codes

d e t e r m in e

U n der

b a s is

hand.
C la s s

in

p rop er

w o rk .

to

one

C la s s

used.

t r a n s a c t io n s ,

a c c o u n tin g

of

The

k n o w l­

tr a n s a c t io n s .

C la s s A .
K eep s a set
b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , an d

and

a c tio n s

C la s s

(w it h

e x p e r ie n c e

p e r fo r m s

n ic a l

m a c h in e

b a s is

p e r fo r m s

a c c o u n tin g

card s,

C L E R K ,

O P E R A T O R

a b o o k k e e p in g

th e

of

le d g e r s ,

c o m p u te s

in v o lv e

s a le s

on

w ith o u t

c o lu m n s

D oes

ty p e s

(w it h

le v e ls

s u p e r v is io n ,

ced u res,

b i l l b e in g

r e c e iv a b le

a c c o u n ts

on c u s to m e rs '

num ber

c r e d it

of

in to

gen era l

n o n r e p e t itiv e

a c c o u n tin g

c le a r ly

U ses

c u s to m e rs '

B

c la s s ifie d

U n der

a p p lic a tio n

or

C la s s

m ay or

m a c h in e .

m a c h in e ).

p rep a re

th e

a c c o u n tin g

in te r ­
of

w h ic h

are

A .

p r e s c r ib e d

ty p in g

ord ers,

a p p lic a tio n

e x t e n s io n s ,

are

num ber o f

(c o m b in a t io n

or
B ille r ,
a ty p e w r it e r

A C C O U N T I N G — C o n tin u e d
P o s itio n s

e le c tr o -

p lic a te d

m a c h in e ).

s h ip p in g

T h e o p e r a tio n

o n a m a c h in e

fo llo w s :

s h ip p in g

and

as

o p e r a tio n s .

as

p rep a re

ord ers,

in v o ic e s

reco rd s

b illin g

(b illin g

d is c o u n ts

and

keep

m a c h in e ,

B ille r ,
n a lly

b ills ,

c o lle c tin g

17

D u t ie s

w ages

in v o lv e :

c a lc u la t e d
tim e ,

ra te ,

d a ta

fo r

com pany

p a y r o ll

d e d u c tio n s

p a y m a s t e r in

d a ta

of

C a lc u la tin g
on

m a k in g

c o m p to m eter

fo r
up

e m p lo y e e s

w o rk ers'
s h e e t,

in s u r a n c e ,

and

and

d is t r ib u tin g

o p e ra to rs .

and

e a r n in g s

s h o w in g

e n ters

th e

based

on

in fo r m a t io n
to ta l

pay

w ages

n ecessa ry
tim e

such
due.

e n v e lo p e s .

or
as

M ay

M ay

d a ta

on

p r o d u c t io n
w o r k e r 's
m ake

u se

a

out

th e

p a y r o ll

record s;

nam e,

paych ecks

c a lc u la t in g

and

w o r k in g
and

m a c h in e .

18
K E Y P U N C H

O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s
t a b u la t in g

card s

a

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

keypu n ch

o r

on

m a c h in e

to

reco rd

or

v e r ify

a lp h a b e t ic

and/or

n u m e r ic

d a ta

on

N O T E ;
th o s e

ta p e .

in
P o s itio n s

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is

of

th e

fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

The

o ffic ia ls

com pany
a ll

who

cases

te rm

"c o rp o r a te

have

a c tiv itie s .

The

id e n tify

a

such

to

be

keypu n ch ed
keypu n ch

W o rk

r e q u ir e s

fo llo w e d

th e

in

a v a r ie ty

fro m

and

of

w o rk .

M ay

tr a in

a p p lic a tio n

s e a r c h in g
sou rce

of

fo r ,

e x p e r ie n c e

in te r p r e t in g ,

d o c u m e n ts .

in e x p e r ie n c e d

and

O n o c c a s io n

keypu n ch

ju d g m e n t

s e le c t in g ,

or

m a y a ls o

in

s e le c t in g

c o d in g

p e rfo rm

p ro ce­

ite m s
som e

to

in d iv id u a l

tr u s t

o ffic e r s "

fo r

p roced u res
been

or

coded,

litt le

or

is

r o u tin e

in s t r u c tio n s ,

and

no

p r o b le m s

W o rk

fo llo w s

s e le c tin g ,

a r is in g

and

w o rk s

s p e c ifie d

c o d in g ,

fr o m

r e p e tit iv e .
fro m

o r

U n d er c lo s e

v a r io u s

p roced u res
in te r p r e t in g

erron eou s

ite m s

or

s u p e r v is io n

s ta n d a r d iz e d

w h ic h
of

have

d a ta

codes

r o u t in e

C la s s

(O ffic e

B oy

o r

be

record ed .

m is s in g

fo llo w in g

d o c u m e n ts

b ee n p r e s c r ib e d

to

o r

sou rce

or

P e rfo rm s
such

E x c lu d e

as

v a r io u s

s e a le r s

w h ic h

in d e t a i l a n d
R e fe r s

to

S e c re ta ry

o ver
2.

have
of

r e q u ir e

a

100

p o s itio n s

d u tie s

th a t

r e q u ir e

such

o p e n in g

o p e r a tio n

as

and

of

a

r u n n in g

e rra n d s,

d is t r ib u tin g
m o to r

m a il,

v e h ic le

as

o p e r a tin g

and

S e c re ta ry

3.

a

m in o r

o ffic e

o th e r m in o r c le r ic a l

s ig n ific a n t

a ll,

m a­

r e s p o n s iv e
c e iv in g
d u tie s ,

r e la t io n s h ip

a m in im u m
u s u a lly

to

th e

d a y -to -d a y

o f d e t a ile d

in c lu d in g

w o rk

s u p e r v is io n

m ost

o f

th e

o f

o n e in d iv id u a l.

2.

d u ty .

th e

s u p e r v is o r .

a n d g u id a n c e .

M a in ta in s

a c lo s e

W o rk s

fa ir ly

v a r ie d

P e rfo rm s

c le r ic a l

and

a

re ­

a.

R e c e iv e s
and

te le p h o n e

ro u tes

c a lls ,

t e c h n ic a l

th a n

to

c a lle r s ,

th e

and

p rop er

in c o m in g

m a il,

a n sw ers

E s t a b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in ta in s

m a in t a in s ,

and

m a jo r

th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's

c a le n d a r

s u p e r v i s o r 's

and

m akes

R e la y s

m essages

fro m

s u p e r v is o r

to

R e v ie w s

s u p e r v i s o r 's
f.

s ig n a tu r e

P e rfo rm s

M a y a ls o
The

w o rk

corresp on d en ce,

5.

th a t

p ro gra m s,

and

a ssu re

s te n o g r a p h ic

p e rfo rm

ty p ic a lly

to

and

ty p in g

o th e r c le r ic a l and

r e q u ir e s

p roced u res

p roced u ra l

k n o w le d g e
r e la te d

to

of
th e

and

and

as

to

re p o rts

p rep a red

by

o th e rs

fo r

one

th e

a ccu ra cy;

o f c o m p a r a b le

and

a

u n d e r s t a n d in g

n a tu re
of

th e

to

or

a

p o s itio n s

w h ic h

are

e x c lu d e d

fro m

th e

d e fin itio n

not

m eet

th e

tr a in e d

in

are

as

th e

p r e s id e n t

th e

b e lo w

o f

a

c o n s id e r e d

com pany

c h a ir m a n

th e

to

be

e m p lo y s ,

th a t

in

of

th e

b oa rd

o r p r e s id e n t)

25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c o rp o ra te

in a l l ,

b oa rd

or

over

o ffic e r

2 5 ,0 0 0

p r e s id e n t

(o t h e r th a n

over

of

a

(e .g .,
or

th e

le v e l,

of

a

m a jo r

p erso n s.

com pany

c h a ir m a n

100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0

im m e d ia te ly

a c tiv ity

b e lo w

th e

m a r k e tin g ,

th a t

e m p lo y s ,

in

e m p lo y s ,

o ffic e r

segm en t

in

a ll,

of

th e

b oa rd

le v e l,

o ver

e ith e r

o p e r a tio n s ,

(e .g .,

o ver

o r p r e s id e n t)

p erso n s; or

research ,

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

th a t

h ead
in

o f

an

a ll,

of

in d iv id u a l
5 ,0 0 0

a la r g e

an

o ver

and

th a t

p la n t,

a

but

a

m a jo r

in d u s t r ia l

r e g io n a l

5 ,0 0 0

fa c to ry ,

p erso n s;

r e la ­

h ea d q u a rte rs ;

fe w e r

th a n

2 5 ,0 0 0

e tc . (o r

segm en t

e m p lo y s ,

in

o th e r

e q u iv a le n t

le v e l

or

im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

com pany

a

o r g a n iz a t io n ,

1.
about

le v e l
at

w h ic h

w id e

th a t

to

th e

above

c h a r a c te r is tic s .

in

h ead
in

of

tu rn ,

an

a ll,

th e

o fte n

a ll,

s eg m en t (e .g .,

in v o lv in g

o ver

p erso n

d e fin itio n

d ozen

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

e m p lo y s ,

2 5 ,0 0 0

as

m any

a m id d le

as

several

p erso n s.

fu rth e r

th a n

r e s p o n s ib ility

c la s s

and

is

in

In

o th e rs ,

p la n t,

5 ,0 0 0

B,

is

som e

o n ly

fa c to ry ,

in to

o r g a n iz a ­

c o m p a n ie s ,

one

e tc .

n o t e q u iv a le n t

but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l

u s u a lly d iv id e d

s u b d iv id e d .

e c h e lo n s ;

in d iv id u a l

fe w e r

w hose
fo r

e m p lo y e e s

o r

(o r

le v e l

e q u iv a le n t

o th e r

th is

le v e l

tw o ;

or

p erso n s.

D

or

30

to

S e c re ta ry

o ffic e r ,

th e

s u p e r v is o r

or

to

a

or

h ead

n o n s u p e r v is o r y

a s s is t a n t,
ra th e r

of

a

s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

u n it

(e .g .,

fe w e r

th a n

o£

p e r s o n s );

n o n s u p e r v is o r y

E x a m p le s

in

several

o ft e n ,

of

o r m a n a g e r ia l

s itu a tio n s

le a s t

are

ra n ge

S e c re ta ry
25

an e x e c u tiv e

s p e c ific
n u m b ers

S e c re ta ry

2.

th e

h ead,

th e

s u p e r v is o r

th e

C la s s

an d d iffic u lty .

s u p e r v is o r .

"s e c re ta ry " p ossess

or

5, 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n

o ffic e r

com pany

s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
of

not

d e fin itio n s .

C

o ffic ia l)

tiv e
tit le d

of

g e o g r a p h ic

e m p lo y s ,

s e g m e n ts

in c lu d e s

E x c lu s io n s
N o t a ll p o s itio n s th a t a r e

p er­

or

(o t h e r th a n

o ver

in a l l ,

th e

o f

p erson s)

o f

2.

r o u t in e
of

act

lo a n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;

or

a c o rp o ra te

to

S e c r e ta r y to

tio n a l

th e

of

s e c r e ta r ia l ta s k s

w o rk

to

not

in s t r u c te d ;

w ork .

o ffic e

is

to

m a jo r

does

file s ;

a p p o in t m e n t s

t y p o g r a p h ic

b oa rd

im m e d ia t e ly

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f

m anagem en t

s u b o r d in a t e s ;

m em oran d u m s,

r e s p o n s ib ility

s ta ff) a r e

le v e l

to

r o le ,

or

u n it n o r m a l l y
e.

p erso n s;

m a jo r

S e c re ta ry

1.
d.

h ead,

fu n c t io n a l
a

d iv is io n )

C la s s
th e

or

o ffic ia l)

r o u tin e

p erso n s;

r e v is e s

th e

to

S e c re ta ry
e tc .)

h u n d red
b.

th e

p erson s;

o ffic e r

a ll,

to th e c h a ir m a n

100

S e c re ta ry

4.

p erson a l

in q u ir ie s

a c le r ic a l

r e fe r s

rega rd
th is

B

e m p lo y e e s ;

s e c r e ta r ia l

fo llo w in g :
of

in q u ir e s ,

in

a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

tio n s ,

h ig h ly

in d e p e n d e n t ly
and

of

5 ,0 0 0

a c o rp o ra te

to

S e c re ta ry

3.
n o r m a lly to

of

d e n y in d iv id u a l

fo llo w in g

s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

c o r p o r a te - w id e
p ers o n a l s e c re ta r y ,

c h a ir m a n
th a n

to

S e c re ta ry

fe w e r

S E C R E T A R Y
as

or

fo llo w in g ,

w ith

w o rk .
of

A s s ig n e d

to th e
fe w e r

but

c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

C la s s

r o u t in e

th e

r o le

w h o s e p r im a r y

ap p rove

s u p e r v is e

a p p ly in g

d e fin itio n s
in d ic a t iv e

s u p e r v is o r

in fo r m a tio n .

G ir l)

o r m a ile r s ,

(e .g .,

le v e l

n o r m a lly

s p e c ific

1.
c h in e s

p r e s id e n ts

d ir e c tly

o f

th e

p o lic y m a k in g

A

segm en t or
M ESSEN G ER

a c c o u n ts ;

p u rp oses

in

th o u g h

o p e ra to rs .
1.

B .

V ic e

q r t r a n s a c t io n s

"c o rp o r a te

used

c o r p o r a te - w id e

p r e s id e n t,"

be

a ll,
C la s s

"v ic e

p o s itio n s .

s o n a lly o n in d iv id u a l c a s e s
a d m in is te r

A.

C la s s
d u res

o ffic e r , "

s ig n ific a n t

tit le

s k ille d

th a n

s ta ff

s p e c ia lis t,

te c h n ic ia n

s e c r e ta r ie s

as

or

p r o fe s s io n a l

e x p e rt.

d e s c r ib e d

(N O T E ;

above,

to

e m p lo y e e ,
M any

th is

le v e l

a d m in is tr a ­

c o m p a n ie s
of

a s s ig n

s u p e r v is o r y

w o r k e r .)

or

fo llo w s :
S TE N O G R A PH E R

a.

P o s itio n s

w h ic h

do

b.

S te n o g ra p h e rs

not

c.

S te n o g ra p h e rs

s e r v in g

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

con cept

d e s c r ib e d

above;

P r im a r y
a ls o ty p e

fu lly

s e c r e ta r ia l

ty p e

d u tie s ;

fr o m

fro m

v o ic e

O p e ra to r,
m a n a g e r ia l

as

o ffic e

a s s is t a n ts

to

a

gro u p

of

p r o fe s s io n a l,

te c h n ic a l,

s u b s t a n tia lly m o »re

p o s itio n s

in

c o m p le x an d

w h ic h

th e

r e s p o n s ib le

d u tie s

are

th a n th o s e

e ith e r

s u b s t a n tia lly

c h a r a c te r iz e d

in th e

m o re

r o u t in e

or

in

a

r e s p o n s ib le

T h is

jo b

c o n fid e n tia l
and

n ic a l,

A s s is t a n t

ty p e

a d m in is tr a tiv e ,

s e c r e ta r ia l

w o rk .




p o s itio n s

w h ic h

s u p e r v is o r y ,

or

in v o lv e

m o re

s p e c ia liz e d

d iffic u lt

c le r ic a l

or

m o re

d u tie s

w h ic h

ta k e

d ic t a tio n

M a y o p e ra te
d u ty is

is

u s in g
fro m

s h o rth a n d ,

and

a s te n o g r a p h ic

t r a n s c r ib in g

d is t in g u is h e d

r e la t io n s h ip

d is c r e tio n a r y

fro m

to

tr a n s c r ib e

p o o l.

M ay

r e c o r d in g s ,

th e d ic t a tio n .

M ay

o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e

see

T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e

ta s k s

fr o m

w it h
as

th a t

o n ly

one

d e s c r ib e d

in

of

a

s e c re ta ry

m anager
th e

or

s e c re ta r y

in

th a t

e x e c u tiv e
jo b

a

s e c r e ta r y n o r m a lly
and

p e r fo r m s

m o re

d e fin itio n .

d e fin itio n ;
S te n o g ra p h e r,

e.

to

copy.

G e n e r a l).

N O T E ;

p erson s;

S e c re ta ry

is

(if p r im a r y

or
w o rk s

d.

d u ty

w r itte n

r e c o r d in g s

r e s p o n s ib le
are

not

G en era l

te c h ­

ty p ic a l

D ic ta t io n

of
or

p e rfo rm

in v o lv e s

o th e r

a n o r m a l r o u t in e

r e la t iv e ly

r o u t in e

v o c a b u la r y .

c le r ic a l

ta s k s .

M a y m a in t a in

file s ,

keep

s im p le

reco rd s,

19
STENOGRAPHER—Continued
S te n o g ra p h e r,
D ic ta t io n
o r

re p o rts

in v o lv e s

on

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

S e n io r

P o s itio n s

a

v a r ie d

s c ie n t ific

te c h n ic a l

research .

or

M ay

s p e c ia liz e d

a ls o

set

up

v o c a b u la r y

and

m a in t a in

such

as

file s ,

in

keep

le g a l

b r ie fs

reco rd s,

C la s s

e tc .

d iffic u lt

P e r fo r m s
s ib ilit y
and

s te n o g r a p h ic

th a n

d egree

o ffic e

d u res,

file s ,

S W IT C H B O A R D

A.

c a lls ,

o v e r la p p in g

in

le tte r s

p e r fo r m in g
file s ;

resp o n ­
a

p o lic ie s ,

s te n o g r a p h ic

c h in e s .

h ig h

lo w e r

g e n e r a l in s t r u c tio n s ;

re p o rts,

th e

c o lle c t,
fo r

a s in g le -

or

o ffic e

o versea s,
s e r y ic e

th e

or

are

if

p la c in g

M ay

or

th e

e ith e r

B,

or

in

a

in fo r m a tio n
p resen t

p u rp oses,
fre q u e n t

r o u tin e

s e r v ic e .

if

are

s w itc h b o a r d

lo n g d is t a n c e

C la s s

e .g .,

and

are

r e a d ily
e .g .,

as

reco rd

c a lls

s w itc h b o a r d

u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r

g iv in g

are

e x t e n s io n

r e fe r r e d

o p e ra to rs

in

to

to lls .

te le p h o n e

a n o th e r

or

w hen

o p e r a to r .)

c o m p a n ie s

who

a c ts

d u tie s .

as

to p e r fo r m in g

r e c e p tio n is t

T h is

ty p in g

or

r e p e tit iv e

d u ty

tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e
W ork ers
le g a l
in

or

and

d u tie s

of

m a y a ls o

c le r ic a l

w ork

p reter,
A ls o

a

v a r ie ty

r e p r o d u c in g

s o r te r,

e x c lu d e d

E A M

O P E R A T O R

pu nch,

are

or

o f

in

u se

of

a

m a c h in e

o p e r a tio n s
sequ ences

w ir in g

r e s p o n s ib ility

a

r e q u ir in g

v a r ie ty

o p e r a tin g

th e

e s t a b lis h e d

and

p ro ced u res

b u t r o u t in e a n d
m o re

d iffic u lt

c a lc u la t o r ,

r e q u ir e d

or

m a­

tr a in in g

o f

is

of
lo n g

and

lim it e d

to

to

do

in

a d d itio n

som e

and

u n der

r e c u r r in g

ta b u la t in g

w ir in g

to

th e

fro m

s p e c ific

re p o rts
or

in ­

o r p a rts

e le c tr ic a l

s im p le r

ac­

m a c h in e s

d ia g r a m s .

M ay

tr a in

o p e r a tio n s .
o p e ra te s

in te r p r e te r ,
a

w o rk

s im p le ta b u la t in g o r

r e p r o d u c in g

u n it ,

M a y p e rfo rm

s h o rth a n d o r

O P E R A T O R ,
to

fo r

pu nch,

e x a m p le ,

s im p le

w ir in g

fr o m

e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g

c o lla to r ,

in d iv id u a l

e tc .

s o r tin g

d ia g r a m s ,

or

and d o

A s s ig n m e n t s
c o lla tin g

som e

filin g

ru n s,
w o rk .

M ay

d ic t a tio n
on

d ic t a tio n

a ls o

ty p e

in v o lv in g

s c ie n tific

b y S te n o ty p e

G E N E R A L

tr a n s c r ib e

reco rd s.

re p o rts

or

a

in v o lv in g

fro m

v a r ie d

resea rch

are

s im ila r m a c h in e

is

a

w r itte n

not

n o rm al
copy

te c h n ic a l

or

in c lu d e d .

c la s s ifie d

as

r o u t in e

and

do

A

v o c a b u la r y

s im p le

s p e c ia liz e d

c le r ic a l

v o c a b u la r y

w ork er

who

ta k e s

fro m
w o rk .

such

as

d ic t a tio n

a s te n o g r a p h e r.

T Y P IS T

tio n s
o p e r a to r on a s in g le - p o s it io n

ty p e o r

m ay

p e r fo r m

ta k e

th e

r o u t in e

m a jo r

o r m o n ito r - t y p e

c le r ic a l

p a rt

of

w ork

th is

as

s w itc h ­

p a r t o f r e g u la r

w o r k e r 's

tim e

w h ile

have

r ia ls

fo r u se

as

a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e

been m ade

k e e p in g

s im p le

C la s s

at

o p e ra to rs

of

(E le c tr ic

A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e

o f m a c h in e s

A .

in v o lv e s

e tc .

E x c lu d e d

e le c tr o n ic

d ig ita l

fro m

th is

c a lc u la t o r ,

d e fin itio n

c o m p u te rs ,

r ia l;

O p e ra to r)

su ch a s th e ta b u la t o r ,
even

are

th o u g h

c o lla to r ,

w o r k in g
th e y

and

in te r ­

a ls o

or

p rocesses.

reco rd s,

filin g

P e r fo r m s

in

B .

or

la y o u t

or

m o re

P e r fo r m s

of

ty p in g

of

of

or

th e

or

fo llo w in g :
or

fo rm

m o re ’ of

th e

in s u r a n c e

c o m p le x ta b le s

or

of

to m a k e

s ta t is t ic a l

le tte r s ,

fo llo w in g :

e tc .;

to

fin a l

w hen

s p e llin g ,

la n g u a g e

m a te ­

u n ifo r m ity

s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

fro m

s e t tin g

spaced

such
m a il.

fo r m

correct

m a in t a in

to

ty p in g
or

set up and

in
fo r

fo r e ig n

d e t a ils

Copy

p o lic ie s ,

a lr e a d y

or

t a b le s

v a r y in g

c a lc u la ­

s im ila r m a te ­
tr a in in g ,

d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g

m a te r ia l

w o rd s

a fte r

or

s p e c ia l

r e s p o n s ib ility

u n u su al

b ills

m a ts ,

litt le

and

T y p in g

or

out

s te n c ils ,

in v o lv in g

s o r tin g

sou rces;

c o m p lic a t e d

r o u tin e

fo r m s ,

w o rk

re p o rts,

te c h n ic a l

t y p in g

one

t y p in g

m a te r ia ls

in c lu d e

several

of

M a y ty p e

c o p y in g m o r e

v a r io u s

and

fro m

e tc .,

and

s p a c in g .

r o u tin e

ta b u la t io n s ; o r

of

M ay

M a y do c le r ic a l

reco rd s

one

p u n c t u a tio n ,

p la n n in g

C la s s
d r a fts ;

o p e ra te

c o p ie s

a n o th e r p e r s o n .

c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l

b a la n c e

s u p e r v is o r s .

m ay

e q u ip m e n t.

by

in d u p lic a t in g

s y lla b ic a tio n ,

one

be

to

c o m p le te

in s t r u c t io n s ,

s o rte r,

is

t r a n s c r ib in g

b r ie fs

it

O p e ra te s

in

w h ic h

O p e ra te s

ta b u la t o r

s p e c ific

th e

p o r tio n s

o p e r a tio n s .

P r im a r y

s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

and

n o n r e c u r r in g ,

th e

c a lls .

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d i t i o n
b oa rd ,

as

in v o lv e

U ses
S W IT C H B O A R D

o p e ra to rs
in

or

and

in v o lv e

b oa rd s.

in v o lv e

m a c h in e

ir r e g u la r

d e v is in g

ty p ic a lly

to

s e r v ic e

n u m b ers

te le p h o n e

new

a c c o r d in g

M ay

are

in c lu d in g

A s s ig n m e n t s

o p e r a tio n s ,

d ia g r a m s
p o s itio n s

re p o rts.

a s th e

b a s ic

U n der

such

ty p ic a lly

b ecau se

p r o b le m s

C .

m a c h in e s

h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,

c a lls

w o rk

ty p ic a lly

such

in

tr a in in g
fro m

p r e w ir e d

o p e ra to rs .

e m p lo y e e s

to

fu ll- tim e
h as v a r ie d

( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n

r o u t in e ,

c o m p le x

in c lu d e

C

in

c o m p le x

o ft e n
of

d e fin itio n s .

a s s ig n m e n t s

s u p e r v is io n .

s e q u e n c in g

in c lu d e

o f th e fo llo w in g
ta b u la t in g

h a n d le s

a d d itio n

as

e s t a b lis h m e n t

of

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

h a n d le

re q u e s ts

not

c a lls ,

c la s s

w hen

c o n s e q u e n tly

e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d
th e

do

s im ila r

or

c a lls .)

in fo r m a tio n

fu r n is h e d ,

c la s s ific a tio n s

or

s e r v ic e

m a c h in e s

new

h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,

in fo r m a tio n

o p e ra to r,
occu rs

f o r te le p h o n e

and

s w itc h b o a r d

te le p h o n e

o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e

c a lls .

te le p h o n e
of

fo r

fu ll

s w itc h b o a r d

fu n c tio n s ,

a p p r o p r ia te

fu n c t io n s

in

P e r fo r m s

in fo r m a tio n

in te r r e la te d

p u rp o ses,

c u s to m e rs

c a lls .

d e s c r ib e d

O p e ra te s

nam es

These

o ffic e

are

m o re

c la s s

w h ic h

w ir in g

P e rfo rm s

and

gen era l

and

not

A s s ig n m e n t s

la r g e r
by

in

b a s is
and

u n d er

in v o lv e d

D oes

on th e

r e p o r t in g

re p o rts

n a tu re

in s e r t io n

B .

s tr u c t io n s .
of

w ir in g

o p e ra to rs

and

in to l e v e l s

c o m p le te

.c o m p le x

th e

ty p ic a lly

C la s s

and

e tc .

and
o f

re p o rts.

s e le c t io n

and

r e a d in g

Is
le v e l

c o m p le x

p ro ce­

d u tie s

a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r

fr o m

q u e s tio n s ,

and

r e q u ir e s

o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s

o r g a n iz a t io n ,

a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e

as

lim it e d

in fo r m a tio n
s p e c ific

s im p le
r o u tin e

W o rk

lo n g

p la n n in g

c o u n tin g

te le p h o n e

in tr a p la n t

M a y p e rfo rm

a s s is t

or

B .

if

c o m p o s in g
a n s w e r in g

in d e p e n d e n c e

fo llo w in g :

o p e r a tio n s ,

k n o w le d g e

n o t r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le

e x t e n s io n s

C la s s

occu rs

th is

as c o n fe r e n c e ,

w o rk
("F u ll"

fu n c t io n s th a t a r e

o u t g o in g ,

b u s in e s s

gre a ter

th e

w o r k in g k n o w le d g e

of

pan el

used

or

such

r o u tin e

w h ic h

by

a th o r o u g h

s u ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p

and

O p e ra te s

a s s ig n m e n t .
of

s p e c ific

U ses

le tte r s ;

in tr a p la n t

c o m p le x

th e

e tc .

m a il;

s ig n ific a n t ly

e v id e n c e d

accu ra cy;

O P E R A T O R

C la s s
o u t g o in g ,
d o in g

and

in c o m in g

as

and

of

c le r ic a l ta s k s

m em o ran d u m s,
r o u t in g

and

w o r k flo w ,

r e q u ir in g

g e n e r a l,

speed

p ro ced u re;

r e s p o n s ib le

d u tie s

s te n o g ra p h e r,

o f s te n o g r a p h ic

som e

c la s s ifie d

P e rfo rm s

c on tro l

v a r ie ty

OR

are

A .

up

ro u g h

or

s im p le

c le a r

s ta n d a rd

p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M PU TE R

to

o p e r a tin g

S tu d ie s
ite m s
and
to

and o p e ra te s

in s t r u c tio n s ,

in s t r u c tio n s
(ta p e

to

r e e ls ,

o p e ra te s

s p e c ia l

C O M PU TE R

O P E R A T O R

M o n it o r s

s u p e r v is o r

u s u a lly

d e t e r m in e

ca rd s,

c o m p u te r;

c o n d itio n s ;

th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le

e tc .);

m akes

r e v ie w s

p rep a red

o r p ro gra m er;

by a p ro gra m er.

e q u ip m e n t
s w itc h e s

s etu p

and

m ade

and

n ecessary

a d ju s t m e n t s t o

e rro rs

o f a d ig ita l

W o rk

a u x ilia r y

c o m p u te r

to

o p e r a tin g

p rocess

in c lu d e s

o p e r a tio n s ;

d u r in g o p e r a t io n

m a in t a in s

c o m p u te r to
lo a d s

e q u ip m e n t

correct

in to

o p e r a tin g

an d d e t e r m in e s

reco rd s.

m ost of

M ay

te s t

m a jo r

change

r e q u ir e d

tio n s ,

d ia g n o s e s

w it h

c ir c u it,

and

p r o b le m s

cau se
and

of

fo llo w in g :

th e

e q u ip m e n t

or

in

new

p ro gra m s

p rogra m ed

s ta rts

and

r e fe r s

a s s is t

O P E R A T O R —

a c c o r d in g

d a ta

p rogra m s
and
th e

w it h

p rogra m s

m ost
are

of

and

of

c o m p u te r

in d e p e n d e n t ly ,

of

th e

s c h e d u lin g

k n o w le d g e

d ir e c tio n

p u rp oses,

O p e ra te s

in tr o d u c e d ;

w o r k in g
g iv e

s tu d y

A .

fo llo w in g

th e

to ta l
to

d e s ig n

u n d er
are

so

th a t

p rogram ,

and

lo w e r

are

o n ly

c la s s ifie d

gen era l

c h a r a c te r is tic s :

r e q u ir e m e n ts

c o m p le x

g u id a n c e

o p e ra to rs

o j*

le v e l

of

N ew

c r itic a l

p ro gra m s
of

e rro r

p rogra m s

a

th e

d e t a ile d

c o m p u te r

are

to

fr e q u e n tly

m in im iz e

sou rce

m ay

not

o ft e n

be

c o r r e c tiv e

O p e ra te s

c o r r e c tin g

fo llo w s :

im p o r ta n c e

id e n t ific a t io n
a lt e r n a te

as

d ir e c tio n ,

C la s s
p r o d u c t io n

B.
w it h

O p e ra te s
m ost

ru n s,

of

in d e p e n d e n tly ,
th e

ty p ic a lly




fo llo w in g
ru n

on

a

or

p ro gra m s

c o rre c te d
ta k e s

s te p s ,

w o r k in g

te s te d

w it h in

c o r r e c tiv e

or

u s in g

r e q u ir e s

M ay

a

M ay

are
a

p r o v id e d

in

r e a s o n a b le

a c tio n .

s ta n d a rd

in s t r u c t io n s
C .

W o rk s

k n o w le d g e o f

s u p e r v is io n

d e s c r ib e d

le s s

T h is

case

t im e .

u s u a lly

c o r r e c tio n

and

w ith

a s s is t

C O M PU TE R

h ig h e r

on

r o u t in e

c o m p u te r

PR O G R A M E R ,

c la s s

ta s k s

fre q u e n t

th e

le v e l

a c o m p u te r

fo r

d iffic u lt

r u n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s .

d o w n tim e ;

a v a ila b le .

p e r fo r m in g

C la s s

r u n n in g

u n d er d ir e c t

c h a r a c te r is tic s

o r ig in a l
In

p ro gra m

com m on

in v o lv e s

erro r

a p p ly in g

n eeds
s itu a ­

p r e v io u s ly

t e c h n iq u e s .

o p e ra to r

r u n n in g p r o g r a m s

M ay

r e v ie w

p ro gra m s

U s u a lly

A .

a s s ig n e d ,
of

u n der

on

r e c e iv e d

a

c lo s e
and

som e

or

h ig h e r -

p e r fo r m in g

o p e r a tio n s

e q u ip m e n t u s e d
has

a s s is t
and

s e g m e n ts

le v e l

s u p e r v is io n .

Is

a b ilit y to d e t e c t

ty p ic a lly

by

in d e ­

fo llo w in g

tr a in in g

e x p e cted
p r o b le m s

in

to d e v e lo p
in v o lv e d

in

c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .

p rogram s.

p r o b le m s ,

ta s k s

p e r fo r m e d .

fo r m a l

c o m p le x

o f p rogra m s

o p e ra to r

d iffic u lt

B U S IN E S S

o p e ra to rs .
C o n verts

p rogra m s

a lt e r n a te

be

and

OR

p e n d e n tly
w age

cannot
cause

m eet

w ith

C la s s

or

p r o b le m

p ro gra m .
F o r

C o n tin u e d

r e q u ir e d ;

u n d er

o n ly

c h a r a c te r is tic s :
r e g u la r ly

gen era l

d ir e c tio n ,

M ost

th e

r e c u r r in g

o f

b a s is ;

a

c o m p u te r

p rogra m s

th e re

is

are

litt le

or

r u n n in g

e s t a b lis h e d
no

te s tin g

a

sequ ence

p r o c e s s in g
s tr u c t io n s

of

s ta te m e n ts

d e t a ile d

e q u ip m e n t.

of

b u s in e s s

in s t r u c tio n s
W o r k in g

w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d

w h ic h

fr o m
in to th e

are

c h a rts

r e q u ir e d

or

c o m p u te r

to

d ia g r a m s ,
sy stem

in

p rep ared

s o lv e
th e

th e

by a s y stem s

p r o b le m s

p ro gram er

coded

la n g u a g e ,

by

d e v e lo p s

a n a ly s t ,

a u to m a tic
th e p r e c is e

in to
d a ta
in ­

c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n

20
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
o f

d a ta

to

c o m p u te r

d e s ir e d

c a p a b ilitie s ,

in v o lv e d
o f

a c h ie v e
to

a n a ly z e

p rogram

c o n v e rts
p rep ares

w r ite s

c h a rts to

in s t r u c tio n s

p rogram s

to

fo r

in c r e a s e

o p e r a tin g

g r a m in g

s h o u ld

o th e r

be

e le c tr o n ic

and/or

F o r

c la s s ifie d

d a ta

C la s s
gra m s

and

c h a rts

a c c o m p lis h e d ,
in

A t

such

o f

le v e l,

a c tio n s

to

fo r m

end

w h ic h

n ew

th is

is

or

be

p rogra m s;

th e

b oth

s k ill

fo r

to

p r im a r ily

record s

a n a ly s is

d e t e r m in e

m anagem en t

or

is

are

n a tu re

o f

c la s s ifie d

as

th e ir

w ith

c o n c e p ts

p a y .)

s te p s

to

m a jo r

of

th e

e ffic ie n tly

W o r k in g

p r o c e s s in g

p r o b le m

u tiliz e

s te p s

to

becau se

d iv e r s e

c o m p u te r

p ro d u cts

fro m

d e v e lo p m e n t

of

com m on

o p e r a tio n s ,

d a ta

a d ju s tm e n ts

fu n c t io n a l

d ir e c tio n

W o rk s
on

lis t in g s

are

to

w h ic h

d a ta

can

w hen

in d e p e n d e n tly

s im p le
to

be

p rod u ced

be

reu sed ,

p rogram

o f

d a ta

le v e l

u n der

in

tw o

gen era l

p rogram s.

o r g a n iz e d
T h is

o r

th re e

u s in g

ty p e

a

fe w

r o u t in e

d ir e c tio n

v a r ie d

r e a d ily
a v a ila b le .
in p r i o r a c t io n s s o

by

checks.

who are
on

c la s s

to

r e la t iv e ly

by

th e

p ro gra m

to

d e a ls

le v e l

on c o m p le x

p ro gram er

fo r m in g

le s s

or

(a s

s u p e r v is o r .

d iffic u lt

ta s k s

M ay

a s s ig n e d ,

a s s is t
and

h ig h e r

A )

u n d er c lo s e

le v e l

p e r fo r m in g

p rogram er

m o re

d iffic u lt

d ir e c tio n
by

e ffe c t

or

e ith e r

o f a h ig h e r

g u id e

o r

C .

in

in s tru c t

M akes

fo r m a l

t r a in in g

a p p lic a tio n

o f

a s p e c ts

a s s ig n m e n t s ;

o f

r e q u ir e d

s ta n d a rd

SYSTE M S

A n a ly z e s
d a ta p r o c e s s in g
A n a ly z e s
a c h ie v e

be

used:
flo w

n ew

and

s ifie d

as

and

w o rk

A N A L Y S T ,

A s s ig n m e n t s
to

is

r o u t in e

are

d e s ig n e d

p r o b le m s .

r e v ie w e d

to

to

it s

c o n c e p ts

d e v e lo p

R e c e iv e s

v e r ify

and

c lo s e

a ccu ra cy

c o m p e te n c e

and

in
on

o u t lin e s
to

D e v e lo p s

r e q u ir e d

to

c h a r ts );
r e v is e d
sy stem s

th e

and

W o rk ers

a n a ly s t s

if

fo r

d e s c r ip t io n

num ber
by

d e v e lo p m e n t

reco m m en d s

and
and

te s t

reco rd s,

and

in v o lv e s

sy stem s

and

th is

s k ill

used

to

a n a ly s is

and

d e t e r m in e

and

in

B .

m o re

o th e r

s c ie n tific

not

in c lu d e

e le c tr o n ic
or
F o r

e m p lo y e e s

p r im a r ily

p r o c e s s in g

e n g in e e r in g

e n a b le

w age

p u rp o ses,

e m p lo y e e s ,

r e s p o n s ib le
or

fo r

s y stem s

th e

in

to

d e t a il

fo r

w o rk

o f

a ll

in p u t d a t a
p r o d u c t io n




A .

s tu d y
W o rk s

phases

o f sy stem s

an d m u lt ip le - u s e
s c h e d u lin g ,

a n a ly s ts

u n d e r o n ly

a n a ly s is .

P r o b le m s

r e q u ir e m e n ts

in v e n t o r y

c o n t r o l,

are

c la s s ifie d

g en era l
are

c o m p le x

o f o u tp u t d a ta .
cost

a n a ly s is ,

as

d ir e c tio n

(F o r
and

are

a s s ig n e d

to

and

on

o u tp u t

d e p o s it o r

or

p r o b le m s

P r o b le m s

th e

are

lim it e d
c lo s e ly

in

a

in v e n t o r y

con cern ed

on

th a t

of
are

a c c o u n ts

m a in ta in in g
p erso n s

are

d a ta

to

bank,

a c c o u n ts
d e t e r m in e

th e im p lic a tio n s

of

th e

fo r

s k ills

w ith

th e

to

by

fo r

d e s c r ib e d
and

fo r

g u id a n c e

c o m p lia n c e

w ith

in ­

s y stem .

and

th e

a s a s s ig n e d ,

expand

sy stem s

h ig h e r

as

in s t r u c tio n

o u t a n a ly s e s

d e v e lo p

th e

s y stem ,

ju d g m e n t,

o v e r a ll

p r e p a r in g

by

or

r e c e iv e s
of

c a r r y in g

r e q u ir e d

a n a ly s t

sch em e
and

a ccu ra cy

p r a c tic a l

a n a ly s is

F o r

e x a m p le ,

s p e c ific a tio n s

d e t a ile d

le v e l

w o rk .

u s u a lly

e x p e r ie n c e
r e q u ir e d

a n a ly s t .

e tc .

and

of

fo r

con vey

in

o f

n eeded

a d v ic e

on

w hen

le v e l

used.

r e q u ir e

D u t ie s

w it h

m a n u a ls

used,

lo a d

and

w ork

d e t e r m in a tio n s .

d r a w in g s

and

be

th e

com ­
is

M ay

d ra fts m e n .
th e

fro m

w a ll

n ecessary

c a p a c itie s ,

a d v ic e

a r c h i­

fo u n d a tio n s ,
m a k in g

in ­

shapes,

p rep a res

o f
in

a p p li­

ty p ic a lly

ir r e g u la r

co m p o n en ts;

d e t a il

fo r m u la s

sup­

of

C o m p le t e d

a s s ig n m e n t s th a t

r e q u ir e m e n ts ,

of

s in g le

u n it s

o r p a rts

o f d r a w in g s

s c a le )

and

s o u rc e m a te r ia ls

g iv e n

W ork

in itia l
be

to

s tre n g th s ,
s u p e r v is o r .

c o n s tr u c t io n ,

is o m e t r ic
c la r ify

fro m

m e th o d s

w ith

m ay

e n g in e e r in g ,

in c lu d e

v ie w s

d e t a ils

S u g g e s te d

are

recu r.

fo r

p rep a red

s e c tio n a l

C o n s o lid a t e s

r e q u ir e d .

a s s ig n m e n t s

e n g in e e r in g

d e s ig n

c lo s e

A n a ly z e s

r e la t io n s h ip s

a s s is t a n c e .

b etw e en

in

adequ acy.

Types

as

p o s itio n a l

r e g u la r ly

to

d is t in c tiv e

W ork s

chan ges.

s u b a s s e m b lie s

in c lu d in g

m a te r ia ls

in fo r m a tio n .

s c a le

of

h a v in g

d e s ig n

lo w e r

d r a ftin g

in s t r u c tio n s ,

a c c u ra te

by

r e la t io n s h ip s

te c h n ic a l

p u rp oses.

p r io r

te c h n iq u e s

d r a w in g s

a b u ild in g

d e t a il d r a w in g s

r e p a ir

w ith

c o m p le x

d r a w in g

and

s u p e r v is o r y

U s e s .a c c e p te d

in it ia l

tra n s p o s e s

and

and

q u a n tit ie s

d im e n s io n s

fu n c tio n ,
o f

ite m s

p re c e d e n ts .

m in o r

p r e p a r a tio n

p o s itio n a l

r o o f.

checked

c o m p le te

th e ir

w o r k in g

c o n s tr u c t io n

P rep ares

o r

le s s

p r e c is e

fo r m ,

c o n s is t e n c y

n o n r o u tin e

c o m p le x
d r a ftin g

reco m m en d

m in im u m

fo r

of

e s t a b lis h e d
m ay
o f

d ir e c t

P rep a res

fo r

o r

a

s ta n d a r d iz e d

and

is

th re e

a d ju s ts

or

R e c e iv e s

w o rk

p r e s e n t a t io n
and

a

of

p r o je c tio n s

p o s itio n in g

num ber

of

a p p ro a ch ,

a s s ig n m e n t s .

s p o t-c h e c k e d

o f

sou rces

a p p lic a b le

In s tr u c t io n s

d u r in g

p ro gress.

tr ia l

s h o u ld

C o p ie s
d r a w in g s

p la n s

and

d r a w in g s

and

tr a c in g

w ith

of

s tr a ig h t

lin e s

c o n s is t in g

pen

or

and

a

p rep a red

p e n c il.
la r g e

ru n s

o th e rs

s c a le

not

not

by

p la c in g

in c lu d e

r e q u ir in g

tr a c in g

tr a c in g
c lo s e

c lo t h

or

to

p la n s

lim ite d

pap er

over

p r im a r ily

d e lin e a tio n .)

AN D /O R

of

o v e r a ll
be

by

(D o e s

c la s ­

P rep ares
d u r in g

s im p le

o r

r e p e titiv e

d r a w in g s

of

e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

it e m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

p ro gress.

p a y .)

p r im a r ily

or

s u p e r v is io n

con cern ed

on

th e

b ecau se

of

p r o b le m s

d iv e r s e

d e v e lo p s

a n a ly s is

th e

sou rces

in ­
of

an in te g r a te d

reco rd

in w h ic h

p e r t a in in g
a

tu n in g ,

to

o p e r a tio n ,

v a r ie ty

v a r io u s

o f

is

ty p e s

o p e r a tio n s :

p e r fo r m a n c e

W ork
th e

on

fo llo w in g

c a lib r a t in g ,

c o m p le x

T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s

w it h

fo llo w s :

e x a m p le ,
s a le s

d ir e c tio n

w ith

p r o c e s s in g

a s s ig n m e n t s

d e v e lo p e d

fro m

w it h

d e t e r m in e

and

r e q u ir e
s y stem s

who

D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

of

in d e p e n d e n tly o r

if

o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t.

a n a ly s t s

o p e ra te .

m a in t a in in g

d e s ig n e d

and

e ffe c tiv e

m an agem en t

a n a ly s t s

th e

p la n s ,

c o m p o n en ts

r e q u ir e d

p r o b le m s .

C la s s
v o lv in g

d a ta

and

C o n fe r s

s u p e r v is io n ,

d e t a ils

o r ig in a t o r

as:

to

C .

th e

W o rk s

o f

flo o r

E L E C T R O N IC S
D oes
o f

and

g r a p h ic

on

P e r fo r m s

w ork

(d e p ic t in g

th e

d r a w in g s ,

m a n u fa c t u r in g ,

w it h

d o c u m e n ts

s u ffic ie n t

p a r t ic ip a t e s

r e c o m m e n d a tio n s ,

fo r

th e fo llo w in g :

and

p r o g r a m in g

th e ir

to

c r ite r ia

p r e p a r a tio n

o b ta in

and

o f e le c tr o n ic

n eeded

m ost of

file s ,

c o m p u te rs

th is

chan ges

b oth

to

in v o lv e s
c o n d itio n s

p r o b le m s

e q u ip m e n t

p e r fo r m in g
th e

of

by use

s p e c ific a tio n s

W o rk

ty p e s

(ty p ic a lly

of

a ll

id e n t ifie s

p erso n n el

p r o g r a m in g

is

of

c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .

b e a u to m a te d

p e rfo rm e d

and

c o o r d in a t e s
s y stem s;

(N O T E :

to

s p e c ifie s

be

m an agem en t

a c o m p le te

s o lv in g th e m

d a ta

are

s y stem s

o r ig in a t o r ,

d e s ig n

d r a w in g s

are
fo r

fo r

a lin e m e n t

in fo r m a t io n

change

o f m ost
such

p re c e d e n ts ,

fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s

d ig it a l

r e s u lts ;

a c tio n s

to

le v e l

p a rts.

by

C la s s

th e
n ew

c o n fo r m a n c e

g en era l

h om ogen eou s

e s t a b lis h m e n t,

r e v ie w e d

p rop er

s ig n ific a n tly

fu n c t io n s ,

u s u a lly

s u p e r v is io n

and

s u b je c t- m a tt e r p e r s o n n e l

r o u t in e
is

p ro ced u res

P la n s

p rep are

s tre s s e s ,
p r a c tic e s

B U S IN E S S

p r o b le m s

e q u ip m e n t.

s a tis fa c to r y

o p e r a tio n s .

and

C o m p le t e d

p r o g r a m in g

of

d e s ig n

each

s e c tio n s ,

p ro gra m ers.
o f

on

A s s ig n m e n t s

d iffe r

and

b u s in e s s

to p r e p a r e

p r e s e n t a t io n
d a ta

cou rses.

p roced u res

s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s

to

le v e l

a p p lic a tio n s

a d v is e s

u n d e r im m e d ia te

fr o m

te c tu r a l

c lo s e

p ro ced u res.

C O M PU TE R

p ro gram ers

lo w e r

p r a c tic a l

record s

a p p lie d .

W ork

in s u r e

h ig h e r

c o m p u ta t io n s

C la s s
le a r n e d

a

m u ltip le

p er­

u n d er fa ir ly

o n ly

are

sy stem s

c o m p le x

in d e p e n d e n tly
to

A .

r e v ie w e d

d ir e c tio n .
M ay

a

W o rk s

th e

o f

p o n e n ts

w it h

in d e p e n d e n tly

ta s k s

of

a c tiv ity .

C la s s

c la s s

M akes

chan ges

s y stem s

p ro gra m ,

d a ta

in a r e t a i l

be

and

th a t

w it h

c a tio n
fo r

w it h

o f

th e im p lic a ­

o p e r a tio n s .
or

le v e l

e s t a b lis h m e n t.)

and

to

a p p lic a tio n

v o lv e

d e s c r ib e d

p r o b le m s

u n der

p la n ,

in p u t

d e v e lo p s

a segm en t

C .

C la s s

o p e r a tio n s .

p rogram s

o f

r e c e iv a b le

a s s ig n m e n t s .

a s s is t

port

W h ile
n u m ero u s r e c o r d s m a y be
th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g

T y p ic a lly ,

or

a n a ly z e ,

sy stem s

p ro gra m ers

fe a tu r e s

R e p o rts

a d d itio n s

s y stem

s u b je c t-im a tt e r p e r s o n n e l on

a d v is e s

C o n fe r s

D R A FT S M A N

s im p le

m in o r

to

e x a m p le ,

W o rk s

s in g le

m ay

u s u a lly

fo r m a ts .

a

in th e

exceed

a s s is t .

A .

c o m p le x

of

e le m e n ts

to

fu ll

c o n c e r n e d to

p r o c e s s in g

lo w e r

th e

p erso n s

in s t a lla tio n s

to

in d e p e n d e n tly ,

sou rces

a c c o u n ts

on

C la s s

OR
W o rk s

(F o r

s tr u c t io n s ,

of

s e g m e n ts j

o r

m a k in g

d a ta

a s s ig n e d

(o r

sequ ences
or

of

W o rk s

becau se

W o rk s

r e q u ir e s

r e q u ir e m e n ts

P rogram s

a d a p tin g ,' a r r a y in g ,

r e c o r d - k e e p in g

B .

p r o c e s s in g

d a ta e le m e n ts .

e s t a b lis h m e n t

r e s e q u e n c in g

p ro gra m ers

o n ly

c o m p le x

and

r e fin in g ,

te s te d

by

lo w e r

o r

s e g m e n ts

p ro d u ce

to

m a n ip u la tio n

in p u t d a t a
w h ic h
are
d a ta h a v e b e e n r e fin e d

d e le tio n s
fro m
p r o c e s s e d , th e
can

s u b s ta n tia l

be

d ir e c tio n

th ro u g h

c o m p u te r .)

OR

s y stem

d iv e r s e

and

d a ta

sy stem s

a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le

r o u t in e ;

m u st

and

p r o b le m s
of

p ro cessed
b y th e

be

s o lv in g

a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r .

in itia te d

m a jo r

fu n c t io n a l

th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g

p ro gram .

or

and

o p e r a tio n s

e q u ip m e n t

n u m ero u s

n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g

a u to m a tic a lly
are

s y stem s

of

u n c o m p lic a t e d

r e la t e d .

d ia ­

c o m p u te r

th e

r e v is e d

p r o v id e

C la s s

on

in te g r a te d

B .~

o r

ap p rova l

c o m p le x ity

w h ic h

fro m

is

a c tio n s

th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g

fo r

r e la t iv e ly

of

s c ie n tific

on c o m p le x p r o b le m s

ty p e

a s s is t .

in

p r a c tic e s .

r e s u lts ,

v a r io u s

n eeded

and

each

fo llo w u p

new

M ay

of

fo llo w s :

g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n

d e s ir e d

b etw e en

a c tio n s

d iffic u lt

but

e x t e n s iv e

b etw e en

of

n eeded,

and p r o ­

s u p e r v is io n

con cern ed

tio n s

an d a lte r s

m a in t a in s

s y stem s

used

th e

r e v ie w s ,

o f

d e t e r m in e

p ro cessed ;

r u n ;, a n a l y z e s ,

r e q u ir e m e n ts :

p ro gra m ers

w ill

ite m

a p p r o p r ia te

sequ ence

c o r re c ts

and

every

s u b je c t m a t t e r

d e v e lo p s

d a ta

te s ts

of

p ro d u cts.

p r o g r a m in g

in fo r m a tio n

d a ta

th e

r e la t io n s h ip s
p r o g r a m in g

h ig h ly

C la s s

r o u t in e

in

p e r fo r m in g

k n o w le d g e

p a r tic u la r

p rogra m ed ;

fo llo w ;

r e s p o n s ib le

u n d e r o n ly

c a p a c ity ,

p rogram s,

of

if

and

be

o rd er
to

to

p r o g r a m in g

p r o v id e

M ay

and

as

of

s to ra g e
a

p ro cess

a n a ly s t s

p ro gra m ers

phases

in te r r e la te d

and

p o in t s

c o m p u te r

adapt

W o rk ers

e m p lo y e e s ,

id e n tify

th e

v a r ie ty

lin k a g e

w h ic h

d e s ir e d

th is

w id e

show

to

A p p lie s

m a in t a in in g

a ll

and

p r o d u c e 's e v e r a l
A

or

in d e p e n d e n tly o r
in

ra n g e

a c h ie v in g

fo llo w in g :

c o m p u te rs ,

m a c h in e

p r im a r ily

p u rp oses,

W o rk s

fu ll

by

th e

p r o b le m

to

fo r

(N O T E :

sy stem s

p r o c e s s in g

c o m p e te n c e

p la n s th e

c h a rts

e ffic ie n c y

as

th e

o f

p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t io n

e m p lo y e e s

s tu d y

A .

flo w

of

m ost

p r o b le m s .

w age

r e q u ir e

e m p lo y e d

r e v is io n s .

in c lu d e

e n g in e e r in g

lo g ic

in s t r u c t io n s

o p e r a tin g

d e v e lo p m e n t an d

not

in v o lv e s

d ia g r a m s

d e t a ile d

coded

p rogram

D oes

and

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued

W ork

m a th e m a tic s ,

c h a rts

s te p s :

th e s e

r e s u lts .

and

of

a ll

e q u ip m e n t

in s t a llin g ,
of

and. r e q u ir e s

gen era l

r e la t io n s h ip ,
com pon en t

e le c t r o n ic
or

th e

or

sy stem s

r e p a ir in g ,

fo llo w in g

and

ta s k s :

by

p e r fo r m in g

o v e r h a u lin g .
A s s e m b lin g ,

one

T h ese
t e s tin g ,

or

m ore

o p e r a tio n s
a d ju s tin g ,

a lin in g .

n o n r e p e t itiv e

th e u s e o f

of

M o d ify in g ,
m ost

and

p a rts.

and

a k n o w le d g e

s p e c ia liz e d

a lin e m e n t o f

o f

e le c tr o n ic

e le c tr o n ic

th e th e o r y
te s t

s y stem s,

and

e q u ip m e n t;

p r a c tic e
tr o u b le

s u b s y s te m s ,

of

e le c t r o n ic s

a n a ly s is ;

and c ir c u its

and

h a v in g

21
E L E C T R O N IC S

G ro u n d ,

v e h ic le ,

a ir b o r n e

or

tr o n ic

e q u ip m e n t o r

or

gro u n d

a ir b o r n e

ra d a r

c o m p u te rs ;

m e a s u r in g ,

N U RSE ,

T E C H N I C I A N — C o n tin u e d

E le c tr o n ic

r a d io

s y stem s;

m is s ile

in d ic a t in g

s y stem s

and

and

w o rk ed

on t y p ic a lly

c o m m u n ic a tio n s

r a d io

and

s p a c e c r a ft

c o n t r o llin g

s y stem s,

te le v is io n

g u id a n c e

d e v ic e s ;

in c lu d e

one o r m o re

r e la y

tr a n s m ittin g

and

co n tro l

s y stem s,

or

A

a id s ;

in ju r e d

e m p lo y e e s

s y stem s;

e le c ­

fa c to ry

or

in d u s t r ia l

and

m e d ic a l

o th e r

to

th e

of

e tc .

(R e g is te r e d )

r e g is te r e d

n a v ig a t io n

r e c o r d in g

s y stem s;

IN D U S T R IA L

o f th e fo llo w in g :

ill

or

p a tie n ts

n u rse

or

in ju r e d ;

and

r e p a ir m e n

r e c e iv in g

p r o d u c t io n

of

such

a s s e m b le r s

s ta n d a rd

and t e s t e r s , c r a fts m e n ,

e le c tr o n ic

e q u ip m e n t

as

d ra fts m e n ,

o ffic e

d e s ig n e r s ,

m a c h in e s ',

r a d io

e n g in e e r s ,

and

te le v is io n

in g o u t

tr e a te d ;

p ro gra m s

p r e p a r in g
and

or

o th e r

a c tiv itie s

h ead

n u rses

to

a c c id e n t

th e

s e r v ic e

becom e
in v o lv e

h e a lth ,

s u ffe r

fo r

of

an

or

w e lfa r e ,

and

th a n

of

are

ill

k e e p in g

of

or

of

fir s t

a

a id

record s

a s s is t in g

a n d p la n n in g a n d

p e r s o n n e l.

n u rse

to

p r e m is e s
G iv in g

o th e r p u rp o s e s ;

e v a lu a t io n

a ll

one

th e

in ju r ie s ;

a n d e m p lo y e e s ;

s a fe ty

m o re

d ir e c tio n

on

fo llo w in g :

e m p lo y e e s ’

a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n ,

e m p lo y in g

m e d ic a l

a c c id e n t

o f th e

c o m p e n s a tio n

o f a p p lic a n t s

e d u c a tio n ,

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

u nder g e n e ra l

or

c o m b in a t io n

d r e s s in g

re p o rts

e v a lu a t io n s

ill

a

su bsequ en t

h e a lth

a ffe c tin g

in

n u r s in g

who

D u tie s

h e a lth

in v o lv in g

or

s e ts .)

g iv e s

p erso n s

a t te n d in g

p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s
(E x c lu d e

who

o th e r

e s t a b lis h m e n t.

in

c a rry ­

p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,

N u r s in g

s u p e r v is o r s

e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e rfo rm s
in g

w o o d w o rk

s ta ir s ,

and

c a s in g s ,

P la n n in g
v a r ie ty

th e

e q u ip m e n t

and

a n d la y in g

s ta n d a rd

fo r

th e

shop

w ork .

e x p e r ie n c e

r e p a ir

of

t r ic a l

W o rk

e le c tr ic a l

th e

fo r

such

of

m a in t a in

ben ches,
W o rk

in

p a r t itio n s ,

in v o lv e s

m o d e ls ,

good

r e p a ir b u ild ­
d oo rs,

m ost of

th e

flo o r s ,

fo llo w in g :

o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a

an d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ;
of

w o rk ;

m a in t e n a n c e

and

s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls

c a rp en ter

a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

r e q u ir e s

ro u n d ed

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

m ak­

n ecessary

tr a in in g

and

an d e x p e r ie n c e .

tra d e

o f th e

and

o th e r

o th e r

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

a

of

th r o u g h

of

th e

a s th e in s t a lla tio n ,

o r u t iliz a tio n
or

of

s w itc h b o a r d s ,

lo c a tin g

any

m a in t e n a n c e ,

en ergy

of

a

and

of

of

w ork ,

com m on

and

fittin g

c o n t r o lle r s ,

e q u ip m e n t;

e le c t r ic ia n 's

to

lo a d

a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

and

o f e le c ­

fro m

in t h e

M E C H A N IC ,

b lu e ­

e le c tr ic a l

o f w ir in g

m e a s u r in g

r e q u ir e s

and

m ay

e le c tr ic a l)

to

a ls o

s u p e r v is e

s u p p ly

a ir - c o n d it io n in g .

th e

ro u n d ed

and

or

te s tin g

tr a in in g an d

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

o p e r a tio n

th e e s t a b lis h m e n t

W ork

in v o lv e s :

in

of

s ta t io n a r y

w h ic h

O p e r a tin g

e n g in e s

e m p lo y e d

and

v o lv e s
gages,

a s s e m b lie s

w ith

m a in t a in in g

and

lig h ts ,

or

m a c h in e r y ,
or

c h ie f

te m p e ra tu re ,

e n g in e e r s

in

and

fu e l

c o n s u m p tio n .

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

and

F IR E M A N ,

M ay

a ls o

su­

m o re

e m p lo y in g

checks

th a n

H E L P E R ,

fu e ls

and

g en era l

c le a n in g

s a fe ty

one

d u tie s

w o r k in g

t o o ls ;

and

h e lp e r

is

T h is

he

is

p e r m itte d
by

to

c y lin d r ic a l

or

a

h ig h

d egree

of

t o o lin g ,

a c h ie v e

d r e s s in g ,

d ress

c r o s s - in d u s tr y
shops

are

w age

e x c lu d e d

or

a s s is t

in

e m p lo y e d

s to k e r,

gas,

r e p a ir in g

w it h h e a t,
or

o il

p ow er,

b u rn er;

b o ile r r o o m

and

e q u ip m e n t.

g r in d e r s ,
jig s ,

s tu d y

ta s k s

of




w o rk er

d ir e c te d
and

tra d es ,

s u p p lie d

by

m a te r ia ls

by

h o ld in g

jo u r n e y m a n .
In

o p e r a tio n s ,

The

s o m e tr a d e s

c le a n in g
or

p e r fo r m in g

w it h

jo u r n e y m a n

by

to tr a d e :

to o ls ,

m a c h in e

th e

w o r k in g
p a rts

a

s p e c ific

and

k in d

tra d e

to o ls ;

m a te r ia ls
of

la th e s ,
or

to

of

p rop er

m a k in g
M ay

r e q u ir e d

o p e ra to rs ,

in

m o s t o f th e
r e q u ir in g

m e a s u r in g

and

to o ls ,

m a c h in e s ,

ite m s

n ecessary
be

c o o la n t s

m a c h in e - t o o l

c la s s ific a tio n .

m a c h in e

in v o lv e s

p r e c is io n

and

of

m illin g

W o rk

p r o c e s s in g

d im e n s io n s .
s e le c t

or

d ie s .

o p e r a tio n s ;

sequ ence;
or

of

such
th e

u s u a lly

th e

p r o p e r tie s
fo r

h is

a c q u ir e d

th r o u g h

of

w o rk ;

m a c h i n i s t 's

w o rk

a fo r m a l

m o to rtru c k s ,
a u to m o tiv e

r e p a ir s
in

and

th a t

b o lt s .

tra c to rs

in v o lv e

In

th e

a c q u ir e d

an

o r

of

sou rce

such

fittin g

and

w o rk

th ro u g h

e s t a b lis h m e n t.

d ia g n o s e

and

th e

a u to m o tiv e

fo r m a l

who

r e p a ir

in ­
d is ­

as w ren ch es,

r e p la c in g
in s t a llin g

a lin in g w h e e ls ,

a

W ork

o f tr o u b le ;

h a n d to o ls

p a rts;

r e a s s e m b lin g

a d ju s tm e n ts ;

g e n e r a l,

u s u a lly

of

to

th e u s e o f

d is a s s e m b lin g

a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ;

m a k in g n e c e s s a r y

body

and

e q u ip m e n t

b rok en

or

th e v a r io u s

a d ju s tin g b r a k e s

m e c h a n ic

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

r e q u ir e s
e q u iv a le n t

does

not

in c lu d e

m e c h a n ic s

c u s to m e rs '

v e h ic le s

in. a u t o ­

fo r

a

tr a in in g
in v o lv e

shop
of

and

up

or

in

th a t

as

of

fo r

and

fro m

o p e r a tio n .

In

u s u a lly

E x c lu d e d

a d ju s tin g

b ro k en

r e p la c e m e n t

r e p a ir s ;

g e n e r a l,
th is

e s t a b lis h m e n t.
to

r e p a ir s
by

a

th a t

th e w o r k

th ro u g h

s p e c ific a tio n s

of

a

are

fo r m a jo r

m a c h in e s ;

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

w o rk ers

th e

w hose

of

th e

r e p a ir s

and

or

u se

o b t a in e d

s e n d in g

a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic

fo r m a l

c la s s ific a tio n

ite m s

or

m ost

o f t r o u b le ;

in v o lv e

w ith

shop

r e a s s e m b lin g

in v o lv e s

sou rce

m a in ly

p a rts

m a c h in e

w r itte n

shop;

W o rk

d ia g n o s e

o r d e fe c tiv e

p a rt

p r e p a r in g

m a c h in e

a c q u ir e d

fro m

an

e q u ip m e n t

p e r fo r m in g

r e p la c in g

a

of

m e c h a n ic a l

ord ered

e x p e r ie n c e

e x p e r ie n c e .

s e t tin g

p a rts;

fo r m a jo r

p a rts

e q u ip m e n t

and

m a c h in e s

fittin g

p r o d u c t io n

a d ju s tm e n ts

tr a in in g
and

and

th e

m a c h in e

p r o d u c t io n

m e c h a n ic a l

m a c h in e s

d is m a n tlin g

s c r a p in g

o r d e r in g

to

th e

or

E x a m in in g

m a k in g
r e q u ir e s

e q u iv a le n t

p r im a r y

d u tie s

m a c h in e s .

th e

M IL L W R IG H T

c o n fin e d

and

o th e rs

are

jig

a ls o

b orers,

c o n s tr u c t io n

fo llo w in g :

c o m p lic a t e d

in s t r u m e n ts ;

and

m a c h in e r y

p a r tly

in

s to c k ;

m a c h in e
or

or

h a n d to o ls

fro m

In s ta lls
e q u ip m e n t
of

ty p e s

p r a c tic e

w o r k in g
r e q u ir e d

shop s.

fo llo w in g :

P la n n in g

or m o re

th e

g e n e r a l,

or

w o rk

h e lp e r is

areas;

of

of

e q u ip m e n t

m a c h i n i s t 's

m a c h in e to o ls ;

r e la t in g to d im e n ­

e x p e r ie n c e .

e q u ip m e n t

e x p e r ie n c e

n e w m a c h in e s

w hen

chan ges

a n d la y in g

h a n d to o ls

and

of

P la n n in g
s etu p s

s e le c tin g

or

in

r ig g in g ;

and

c e n te rs

e q u ip m e n t,

and

p a rts

e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s
a

ro u n d ed

p la n t

tr a in in g

m a k in g

of

g r a v ity ;

to b e u s e d ;

d r iv e s

tr a in in g

e q u iv a le n t

or heavy

th e

o u t o f th e w o r k ;

m a te r ia ls ,

one

e n g in e

p u rp o ses,

th is

as
tra d e

and

m a in t e n a n c e
a

a s s is t in g

b a s is .

u s in g a v a r i e t y

o p e r a tio n
and

s k ille d

k e e p in g

fr o m

fix t u r e s ,

m a c h in in g

to o ls ,

th e
as

TO O LR O O M

t o le r a n c e s

fro m

a m e c h a n ic a l

o il,

e q u ip m e n t;

m a te r ia ls

fu ll- tim e

a ccu ra cy;
and

r e q u is it e
to

v a r ie s

o p e r a tio n

gages,

d iffic u lt

in

such
and

s p e c ia liz e d

a

th e

s u r fa c e

p e r fo r m in g

speeds,

on

th e

ro u n d ed

u n s k ille d

O P E R A T O R ,

m a c h in e - s h o p t o o ls ,

c le a n ,

w ork ers

h o ld in g

p e rfo rm

in

e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h

o p e ra te s

bu ses,

g r in d in g

c la s s ific a tio n

a ll n e c e s s a r y

s k ill,

p e rfo rm
and

S p e c ia liz e s

to

m ore

w ork ers

M A C H IN E -T O O L

M ay

m a c h in e ,
o th e r

to

lift in g ,

th e

or

TR A D E S

le s s e r

p e r fo r m in g

s u p p ly in g ,

p e r fo r m e d

or

of

fu r n is h

hand

s ta n d a rd

c o m p u ta t io n s

In

o f

M A IN T E N A N C E

d is m a n tlin g

to

by

v a lv e s .

area,

p e r m itte d

to

and

fir e

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s is t s
or

b o ile r s

to

and

o f m e c h a n ic a l

In te r p r e tin g w r itte n

v a r ie ty

one

B O IL E R

s ta t io n a r y

w a te r

and

R e p a ir s

S T A T IO N A R Y

Feed s

o p e r a tin g

shop

k n o w le d g e

p a rts,

a

e x p e r ie n c e .

r e p a ir

e x c lu d e d .

F ir e s
s te a m .

u s in g

p ow er,

e q u ip m e n t

of

o r

and

e q u ip m e n t.

in m a c h in e - s h o p

p e r fo r m in g

s to c k ;

tig h t e n in g

tr a in in g

tr a in in g

M E C H A N IC ,

of

H ead

m a c h in in g ;

m a te r ia ls ,

E x a m in in g

s p e c ia liz e d

fr o m

in t h e v e h i c l e

a

o p e r a tio n

up

o f m e ta l p a rts

th e f o llo w in g :

w ork ;

s ta n d a rd

m e c h a n ic a l
and

of

(M a in t e n a n c e )

a u to m o b ile s ,

or

p a rts

th e s e

of

t r a in in g

e q u ip m e n t a n d

d r ills ,

d e fe c tiv e

p e r v is e

o p e r a tio n s .

t r a in in g

A U T O M O T IV E

a s s e m b lin g

k e e p in g

re co rd

in to

a ro u n d ed

m o s t_ o l^ J h e _ fo llo w in g :

m o b ile

are

of

speeds

s ta n d a rd

p a rts

r e p a ir s

m ost of

out

s e t tin g

m a k in g

and

fe e d s ,

s e le c t in g

in m a k in g

in v o lv e s
la y in g

to le r a n c e s ;

e q u iv a le n t

or

R e p a ir s

su ch as s te a m
e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s ,
tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g an d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t,
s te a m
b o ile r s an d
b o ile r - fe d
w a te r p u m p s;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d

e n g in e e r

c lo s e

a s s e m b lin g

r e q u ir e s

and

c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,

w o r k in g

r e q u ir e m e n ts

h a n d to o ls

e le c tr ic ia n

to

t o o lin g ,

m e ta ls ;

p a rts

W o rk

p la n n in g

m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ;

p a rts

and

and n ew

an e s t a b lis h m e n t.

p r e c is io n

m e ta l

ro u n d ed

or

or

s io n s
th e

and

m a in t a in s

(m e c h a n ic a l

r e fr ig e r a tio n ,

s h a p in g

in

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

or

S T A T IO N A R Y
and

h a n d to o ls

and

in a n e s t a b ­

v a r ie ty

an d d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le

r e la t in g

m a in t e n a n c e

e le c tr ic

r e p a ir in g

tr a n s m is s io n

c o m p u t a t io n s

v a r ie ty

th e w o r k

a c q u ir e d

or

such

In s ta llin g

tr a n s fo rm e rs ,

s ta n d a rd

u s in g

g e n e r a l,

d is t r ib u tio n ,

fo llo w in g :

s y stem s,

w o r k in g

fu n c t io n s

r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts

e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d
in s t r u c tio n s

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

g e n e ra to rs ,
or

M A IN T E N A N C E

P rod u ces

n o r m a lly
e le c tr ic a l

c o n d u it

la y o u ts ,

u s u a lly

of

m ost

as

u n its ,

O p e ra te s
e q u ip m e n t

th ro u g h

th e g e n e r a tio n ,

in v o lv e s

In

E N G IN E E R ,

d r a w in g s ,

to d im e n s io n s

e q u ip m e n t;

e x p e r ie n c e

b lu e p r in t s ,

p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls ,
r e la t in g

e q u ip m e n t;

in s t r u m e n ts .

c o u n te rs ,

in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .

w o rk

th e

a c q u ir e d

a v a r ie ty

d r a w in g s ,
or

fr o m

c r ib s ,

and

M A IN T E N A N C E

h e a tin g

sy stem

b in s ,

c o n s tru c t

g e n e r a l,

e q u ip m e n t

p r in ts ,

as

of w ood

h a n d to o ls ,

e q u ip m e n t

m o to rs ,

such

to

c o m p u t a t io n s

In

P e rfo rm s
lis h m e n t.

d u tie s n e c e s s a r y

m ade

out o f w o rk

u s u a lly

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

h e a t,

tr im

o f c a r p e n t e r 's

in g

M A C H IN IS T ,

c a rp en try

and
and

and

are

s ta n d a rd
a lin in g

and

speed

e q u ip m e n t,

la y o u t

in te r p r e t in g

shop
and

in s t a llin g

red u cers.

e x p e r ie n c e

in

th e

and

d is m a n tle s

r e q u ir e d .
b lu e p r in t s

of

an d in s t a lls
in v o lv e s

o th e r

c o m p u ta tio n s

b a la n c in g
and

In

W ork
or

r e la tin g

e q u ip m e n t;

(^ m a i n t a i n i n g i n

good

a c q u ir e d

of

to

th ro u g h

a

th e

s tre s s e s ,

s e le c tin g

or h eavy
fo llo w in g :

u s in g a v a r i e t y
s tre n g th

s ta n d a rd

of

to o ls ,

o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n

g e n e r a l, th e m il l w r i g h t ’ s w o r k

tra d e

m a c h in e s

m ost

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

fo r m a l

n o r m a lly

r e q u ir e s

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

e x p e r ie n c e .

fe e d s ,

a d ju s tm e n ts

d u r in g

to

w hen

t o o ls
o ils .

F o r

and

to o lr o o m ,

in

to o l

and

o p e r a tio n

P A IN T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

n eed

lu b r ic a t in g

c u tt in g

r e c o g n iz e

d ie

jo b b in g

P a in ts
th e fo llo w in g :
tio n s ;

and

re d e c o ra te s

K n o w le d g e

p r e p a r in g

s u r fa c e

w a lls ,

o f s u r fa c e

w o od w ork ,

p e c u lia r itie s

f o r p a in tin g

by

an d fix t u r e s
and

r e m o v in g

ty p e s

o ld

o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t.

o f p a in t r e q u ir e d

fin is h

or

by

p la c in g

fo r

W o rk

in v o lv e s

d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­

p u tty

or

fille r

in n a il

22
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

sriEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix c o lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installing sheet-m etal a rticle s
a s required. In gen eral,, the work of the m aintenance sheet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls o r re p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
c o rrec t lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy stem s are excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep air the sh eet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as m achine gu ards, g re a se pans, sh elv es, lo c k e rs, tan ks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C onstructs and re p a irs m achine-shop too ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ece ssa ry shop com putations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eed s, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve requ ired q u alities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te ria ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m ak e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arm s or fo rce where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p re m ise s period ically in protecting property again st fir e ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an o rd erly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or co m m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following; Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash , and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu res or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor maintenance se rv ice s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru c k s, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper sto rage location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tran sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with specification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various item s of stock in o rder to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting enclosures in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso make wooden boxes or c rate s are excluded.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is resp on sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a t e r ia ls . Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
ced u res, p ra c tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and r a te s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, m aking up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and keeping
a file of shipping r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e for shipment.
Receiving work involves; Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other reco rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m a te ria ls to proper departm ents; and m aintaining n e c e ssa ry
record s and file s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers are c la ssifie d as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in dustrial a re a to tran sp ort m ate rials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between variou s types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and re ta il establish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord e r. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
over-th e-road d riv e rs a re excluded.
follow s:

F or wage study p u rp o ses, tru ck d riv ers a re c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruckdriver,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s liste d sep arately)
light (under lVz tons)
m edium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to tran sport
goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp o se s,' w orkers a re c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n R eq u est----Th e fo llo w in g a re a s a re su rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C on tract A c t o f 1965.
w ill be a v a ila b le at no cost w h ile supplies la s t fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o —
Las C ru c e s , N. M ex.
A la s ka
A lb a n y , G a.
A m a r illo , T e x .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
Augusta, Ga.— C.
S.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s.
B rid g e p o rt, N o rw a lk , and S tam fo rd , Conn..
C ed ar R a p id s, Iowa
Cham paign—U rb an a, 111.
C h arleston , S.C.
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C olora d o S p rin gs, C olo.
C olu m b ia, S.C.
Colum bus, G a—A la .
Corpus C h r is ti, T e x .
C ran e, Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p erior , M inn.— is .
S
W
E l Paso, T ex.
Eugene— p rin g fie ld , O reg .
S
F a rg o — oo rh ea d , N . D ak—M inn.
M
F a y e tt e y ille , N. C.
F itch b u rg—L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d.—P a —W. V a.
H
F re s n o , C a lif.
Grand F o r k s , N . Dak.
Grand Island— astin gs , N e b r.
H
G ree n b o ro — inston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r ris b u r g , P a.
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g

Laredo, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d —Va.
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E scan ab a, Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ich .
M elb o u rn e— it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la .
T
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean, and S o m e rs et
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N o rth e a s te rn M aine
N o rw ic h — roton— ew London, Conn.
G
N
Ogden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
Oxnard— im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
Panam a C ity , F la .
P ortsm o u th , N .H —M a in e -M a s s .
P u eb lo, C olo.
R eno, N ev .
S a cram en to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia—L om p oc , C a lif.
Sherm an—D enison , T e x .
S hreveport,

La.

S p rin g fie ld — h icop ee— o ly o k e , M ass —Conn.
C
H
T op ek a, Kans.
T u cson , A r iz .
V a lle jo —F a ir fie ld —
Napa , C a lif.
W ilm in gto n , D e l—N .J^-M d.
Yum a, A r iz .

s u rvey s conducted in the p r io r y ea r but sin ce discontinued a re a ls o a v a ila b le :

A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity, M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u stin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith, A r k —Okla.
G reat F a lls , M ont.
*

C op ies o f public r e le a s e s a re or

Expanded to an a re a w age su rve y in f is c a l y ea r

1973.

L e x in gto n , K y .*
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
See in sid e back c o v e r .

The tw elfth annual r e p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, au d ito rs, c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , job a n a lys ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y ers , ch e m ists,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n icia n s , d ra ftsm e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O rd e r as B LS B u lletin 1742, N ation a l S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, fr o m any of the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , or fro m the
Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.




"if U. S. G O V E R N M E N T T R I N T I N G O F F I C E :

»»7 3 - 74«




A re a W a g e Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u e st o f the E m p loym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm ent o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purch ased fro m any o f the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972---------------------------------------------A lb a n y-S ch en ecta d y — r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------T
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973------------------------------A lle n to w n — ethlehem —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1972 1 —
B
A tla n ta, G a ., M ay 1972 1------- ------------------------------ -----A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1 972*------------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1______________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u i—O ran ge, T e x ., M ay 1972-------P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972_____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972________________ ;--------------B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1____________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1______________________________
Canton, O hio, M a y 1972 1__________________________________
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., M a r. 1972 1 -------------------------------C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 1973________________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1972 1------------------------C h icago, 111., June 1972________________ ___—-----------------C incinn ati, Ohio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1973------------------------K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1______________________________
D a lla s . T e x ., O ct. 1972 1------------------------------------------D aven p ort— ock Island— o lin e, Iow a^ Ill., Feb. 1972 1—
R
M
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1972___________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972------------------------------------------D es M oin es, Iowa, M ay 1972 1 ----------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., Feb. 1972-----------------------------------------D urham , N .C ., A p r. 1972 1----------------------------------------F o r t Lau d erd a le— ollyw o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r. 1972 1-----------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1972 1-----------------------------------G re e n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972— ----------------------------------Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1972------------------------------------------H u n ts ville , A la ., F eb . 1973---------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., O ct. 1972 1-----------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973-----------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972-----------------------------------K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972--------------------------L a w r e n c e - H a v e r h ill, M ass,— .H ., June 1972 1-----------N
L exin gto n , K y . , N ov. 1 972*---------------------------------------L ittle R ock— orth L ittle Rock, A r k ., July 1972 1-------N
L os A n g e le s -L o n g B each and Anaheim —
Santa AnarG ard en G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972 1 --------------------------L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972-------------- —----------------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1973_________________________________
M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1----------------------------------M em p h is, T e n n .- A r k ., N ov. 1972------------------------------M ia m i, F l a . , N ov. 1972 1________ — ---------------------- ----M id land and O d essa, T e x ., Jan. 1973-------------------------

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1775-36,
1725-49,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40
30
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
30
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
35
40
40
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79.
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35
50
55
30
35
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1972 1______________________________
M inn eapolis—St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1973__________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ich ., June 1972* _ ____
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973____
____
N ew Haven, C onn., J an. 1973_____ _ _______
____
N ew O rlea n s , L a . , J an. 1973______________________________
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 1972 1
_______________________________
N o r fo lk — ir g in ia B each— o rts m o u th and
V
P
N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1973 1
— _
__
Oklahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972__________________________
Om aha, N e b r .-Io w a , Sept. 1972___________________________
P a te r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 * ____________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1972--------- _ _
N
_ __
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1________________________________
P itts b u rgh , P a . , J an. 1972-----------------------------------------P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1972
_________ __
P o rtla n d , O re g .—W a sh ., M ay 1972 1 ------ ----- __
__
P ou gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew bu rgh, N . Y . ,
N
J une 19 7 2 1 ___________ __________________ _____ ____ ___ __
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —
W
Paw tu ck et, R .I.—M a s s .,
M ay 1972....................................................................................
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972___________________________________
Richm ond, V a ., M a r. 19721 _______________________________
R iv e r s id e —
San B ern a rd in o -O n ta rio , C a lif.,
D e c , 1971
R o c h e s te r, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations on ly), July 1972 ____
_
____ __ ____
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1972 1 __________
St. L o u is, M o.—111., M a r. 1972_____________________________
Salt Lake C ity , Utah, N ov. 1972 1-------------------------------San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972______________________________
S a n D iego , C a l i f , , Nov, 1 9 7 2 ......
.....................
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1 _____________
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1972________________________________
Savannah, G a., M ay 1972 1 _________________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1972--------------------------------------------S eattle— v e r e tt, W ash., Jan. 1973________________________
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec, 1972 1_____ __ ____
__ __
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1973_______________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1972 1 __ __ __ ___
S yracu se, N .Y ., July 1972_________________________________
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972__________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., A p r. 1 9 7 2 * __________________________
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1972*__________ _____________________
U tica^ R o m e, N .Y ., July 1972______________________________
W ashington, D .C .- M d .- V a ., M a r. 1972 1 ...........................
W a te rb u ry, Conn., M a r. 1972 1 ___________________________
W a te rlo o , Iowa, N ov. 1972. ______
________
__ ____
W ich ita, K a n s ., A p r. 1972 1________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1____________________________
Y o rk , P a ., Feb. 1972 1 ............................................................
Youngstown— a rre n , Ohio, N ov. 1972 ___ _______
W

B u lle tin number
and p ric e
1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85.
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
40
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1775-19,

30
45
35
35
50
30
40
50
30
35
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
35
55
45
70
35
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
35 cents

35 cents

40 cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
L A B -4 4 1

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8 th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region V
I
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada




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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102