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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Scranton, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area,
July 1972
Bulletin 1775-10




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a July 1972 survey of occupational
earnings in the Scranton, Pennsylvania, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
(Lackawanna County). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield
data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional esti­
mates for all Standard Metropolitan Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii, (as defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget through
November 1971).
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through
the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program de­
velops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and
salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant
location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make
wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on
inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected an­
nually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits,
collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after ail individual area wage surveys have been completed,
two summary bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and
regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data.
The Scranton survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
Philadelphia, Pa., under the general direction of Irwin L. Feigenbaum, Assistant
Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished
without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided
the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to
express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provi­
sions in the Scranton area are available for the men's and boys' separate trousers
(January 1971), and cotton and manmade fibers (August 1971) industries. Also
available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades,
local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery
store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional
offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 7 5 -1 0

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, James D. Hodgson, Secretary

Decem ber 1972

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , G e o ffre y H. M o o re , C o m m issio n e r

Scranton, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area, July 1972
C ONTENTS
Page

2
5

Introduction
Wage trends for selected occupational groups
Tables:

4
6

7
9

10

11
12

14

1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
2. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of change for selected periods
A. Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2. Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
A -4 , Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings
Appendix, Occupational descriptions




F o r sale by th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D ocu m e n ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 — Price 4 5 cents

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study are
listed and described in the appendix. Unless otherwise indicated, the
earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or
for some industry divisions within occupations, are not presented in
the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Earnings
data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all
industries combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included
in the overall classification when a subclassification of secretaries
or truckdrivers is not shown or information to subclassify is not
available.

T h is a rea is 1 of 96 in which the U .S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
B u reau of Labor S ta tistic s conducts su rv ey s of occupational earnings
on an areaw id e b a s is a n n u a lly .1
F ie ld r e p r e se n ta tiv e s, in p e rso n a l
v is it s to e sta b lish m en ts in the a re a , c o lle c t em p loy m en t, ea rn in g s,
e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s , and rela ted b en efits in form ation ev ery third
year.
In each of the intervening y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em ploym ent
and earnings is c o lle c te d by m a il q u estio n n aires fro m esta b lish m en ts
p articipatin g in the p rev iou s su rvey . T h is b u lletin p rese n ts the re su lts
of the la tter type su rvey.

In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions; Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule.
Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are ex­
cluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive earnings are in­
cluded. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical occu­
pations, reference is to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest
half hour) for which employees receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium
rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded
to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sam­
pling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments
within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number
of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is
selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of
selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data
are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its proba­
bility of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For ex­
ample, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a
weight of four to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the
same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classifi­
cation if data are not available for the original sample member. If
no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a
sample member that is similar to the missing unit.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types; (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The aver­
ages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employ­
ment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed by
high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may ad­
vance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the
groups.

1 Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C. ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. In­
dustries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and
thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay aver­
ages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in
individual establishments.

Occupations and Earnings




2

3
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupa­
tions should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes
within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to
differences include progression within established rate ranges, since
only the rates paid incumbents are collected, and performance of spe­
cific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descrip­
tions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more
generalized than those used in individual establishments and allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments
differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample




of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative impor­
tance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure
do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations, collected every 2 years
in the past, is now collected every 3 years. These tabulations on
minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced women officeworker s ;
shift differentials; scheduled workweek; paid holidays; paid vacations;
and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series
tables) in previous bulletins for this area.




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S c r a n to n , P a .,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2J u ly 1 9 7 2
M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s ta b lis h m ents in s co p e
o f study

Industry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s _____________ _______ _____ _ _____
M an u factu rin g_____________________________________
N onm anufacturing
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th er p u b lic u tilitie s 5
W h o le s a le tra d e 6
R e ta il tra d e 6
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te 6
S e r v ic e s 6 7 _ _

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

_

247

94

3 6 ,7 5 0

100

2 3 ,2 8 2

50
"

172
75

56
38

2 6 ,2 6 7
1 0 ,4 8 3

71
29

15,411
7,8 7 1

50
50
50
50
50

18
10
25
8
14

9
5
13
4
7

3 ,0 2 0
1,0 1 4
4 ,2 3 1
1,2 0 8
1 ,0 1 0

8
3
12
3
3

2 ,5 3 5
602
3 ,3 0 3
870
561

1 Th e Scran ton Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the B u reau o f the Budget throu gh
N ov em b er 1971, c o n s is t s o f Lackaw anna
County.
Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n
o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er e m p loy m en t
in d e x e s
f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T he 1967 e d ition o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch
in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce - auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re ex c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n of
data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo ym e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to
m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and oth er p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u strial c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
A lm o s t t h r e e -fo u r t h s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the S cran ton area
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f ir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry grou p s
and s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
Industry g ro u p s
A p p a r e l and o th e r te x tile
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 28
E le c t r ic a l equipm ent and
su p p lie s ___ __
12
P rin tin g and pu b lish in g________
9
T e x t ile m ill p r o d u c t s __________ 8
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c t s ____ 7
O rd nance and a c c e s s o r i e s _____ 7
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l . . 5

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
W o m e n 's and m i s s e s '
_
12
o u t e r w e a r __ , _ _______
M e n 's and b o y s ' fu r n is h in g s ___ 9
E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s ____________
8
B o o k s ________
5
O rd n a n c e ________
5

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f total em p lo ym e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p ro p o r tio n s b a se d on the r e s u lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in table 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percents of change in
average weekly salaries of office clerical workers and industrial
nurses, and in average hourly earnings of selected plantworker groups.
The indexes are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a
percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the
index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index. The percents of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These compu­
tations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant
rate between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in
averages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

The index is a measure of wages at a given time and is ex­
pressed as a percent of wages in the base year. The base year is
assigned the value of 100 percent. The index is computed by multi­
plying the base year relative (100 percent) by the relative (the percent
change plus 100 percent) for the next succeeding year and then con­
tinuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the previous
year's index.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive bf earnings for overtime. For plantworker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percents are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.

Method of Computing
Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group is assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group;
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percents of change, as measures of change
in area averages, are influenced by: (l) General salary and wage
changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by individual
workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average wages due
to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turnover, force
expansions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of work­
ers employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in
the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable that even
though all establishments in an area gave wage increases, average
wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments entered
the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages may have
remained relatively constant, yet averages for an area may have risen
considerably because higher-paying establishments entered the area.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percents of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data are adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percents of change any significant effect caused by
changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation are multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group are totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years are
related by subtracting the aggregate for the earlier year from the
aggregate for the later year and dividing the remainder by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The result times 100 shows the percent
of change.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in S c ra n to n , P a., J u ly 19 71 an d J u ly 1 9 7 2 ,
and p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e ‘fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
W eek ly ea rn in gs
P e r io d

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u stria l
n u rse s
(m en and
w om en)

M anufacturin g

H o u rly ea rn in gs
Skilled
m ain ten an ce
tra d e s
(m en)

U n sk illed
plan tw ork ers
(m en)

W e e k ly ea rn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u stria l
n u rses
(m en and
w om en)

H ou rly ea rn in gs
Skilled
m ain ten an ce
tra d es
(m en)

U n sk illed
plantw ork ers
(m en)

In d exes (July 1967=100)
July 19 7 1 ____________________________ ______________
July 1 9 7 2 __________________________________________

126.0
135.6

145.2
150.9

128.5
139.8

133.7
144.8

130.0
135.2

146.3
150.8

125.6
133.4

131.6
141.3

P e r c e n t s o f change 1
A u gust I960 to A ugust 19 6 1 ---------------------------------A u gust 1961 to A ugust 1 96 2 ______________________
A u gust 1962 to August 1963 ______________________
A u gust 1963 to A ugust 1 96 4______________________
August 1964 to A ugust 196 5 ______________ _____
August 1965 to A ugust 1 96 6______________________
August 1966 to July 1967:
11-m o n th in c r e a s e _____________________________
Annual rate o f i n c r e a s e __________________ ___
July
July
July
July
July

1967
196 8
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to
to

July
July
July
July
July

196 8 ____________________________
196 9 ___________________________
19 7 0 ------------------------------------------1 9 7 1 ................................ ................
197 2____________________________

3.9
3.3
3.4
3.9
3—3.7
.6

3.3
2.6
(*)
< )
( )
( 2)

3.7
2.7
3.6
3.0
2.2
2.0

6.3
2.1
6.7
5.2
.7
0

5.7
1.6
5.3
3.5
1.8
2.5

3.3
2.6
( 13
2)
( !)
( !)
( 2)

3.5
2.8
3.0
2.4
3.0
1.8

6.8
2.8
2.4
5.2
6.3
3—1.4

6.3
6.9

( 2)
( 2)

4.7
5.1

8.1
8.9

6.9
7.6

( 2)
( 2)

3.7
4.0

3.9
4.3

7.5
4.9
4.2
7.2
7.6

12.2
3.6
12.3
11.3
3.9

4.2
4.8
7.2
9.7
8.8

5.1
7.0
8.3
9.8
8.3

7.3
4.6
6.6
8.7
4.0

12.2
3.6
12.3
12.1
3.1

4.6
4.8
6.3
7.8
6.2

5.3
3.9
8.6
10.8
7.4

1 A ll ch an ges a re i n c r e a s e s u n le s s o th e rw is e in d ica te d .
2 Data d o not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .
3 T h is d e c r e a s e la r g e ly r e fle c t s ch an ges in e m p lo y m e n t am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls ra th er than w age d e c r e a s e s .

7

A. Occupational earnings
Tab le A-1. O ffic e occupations: W eekly earnings
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w ork ers in se le cte d occupations by industry d ivision , Scranton, P a ., July 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
1

Averagt
weekly

Occupation and industry division

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B -------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

FILE,

100

105

110

115

120

130

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

111 .00

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

9 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0

8 8 .0 0 8 5 .5 0 9 3 .5 0 -

118 .5 0
116 .0 0
120 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 -

106 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, 0RCER -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

117 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 5 .CC 1 1 0 .5 0
105 .5 0 1 1 0 .5 0

102.00 9 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 101 .00
9 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0

1 3 6 .CC
1 1 8 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 1 1 8 .0 0 11 1 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 9 1 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -

CLASS A -

117 .0 0
117 .00
162 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 8 8 .0 0 8 3 .5 0 -

116 .0 0
110 .50
1 3 6 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 -

1 17 .50
133 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 1 .CO 1 1 6 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 1 2 6 .5 0 1 1 9 .5 0 1 0 5 .5 0 9 5 .5 0 116 .00 1 0 8 .0 0

1 36 .00
137 .0 0
132 .0 0

26
IB

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

129 .0 0
130 .0 0

22
15

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

136 .0 0 1 3 6 .5 0
1 6 8 .5C 1 6 0 .0 0

SE C R E T A R IE S, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 9 .OC 1C9.C0 9 8 . 5 0 119 .50 IC 9 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 8 6 .5 0 1 19 .00 1 1 2 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS 0 ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

113 .00
1 16 .00
1 06 .50

1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 1 .C O -1 2 6 .00
1 0 6 .0 0 1 28 .00
9 7 .5 0 1 10 .00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 07 .50
9 9 .5 0
110.5C

1C 3.00
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .OC

8 7 .C C -1 2 2 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 108 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 165 .00

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

MESSENGERS ( C F F I C E BCYS1 --------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

27
16

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

152
50

SE C R E T A R IE S, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




102

t

95

1 61 .50
161 .0 0
166 .5 0

96
55
39

t

90

8 7 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0

CLASS B ---------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

I

85

12 1. 00 1 2 6 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 2 7 .5 0 1 0 8 .0 0 9 8 .0 0 1 2 2 . 0 0 1 2 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

t

80

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C --------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------

t

75

$

132
56

S

70

Ml N AND taiJMfcN COMBINED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------

<

65

under
65

(standard)

CLER KS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING -------------------------NCNMANUFACTORING -------------------

I

60

8 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
I O C . 00

1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0 1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0 -

1 5 3 .0 0
156 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 1 3 6 .0 0 -

166 .5 0
168 .00

111.00

133 .0 0
1 31 .00
1 35 .00

16
11
3

8
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o ccupations: W e e k ly e arn in g s — C o n tin u ed
(Ave r a g e straight-time we e k l y h o urs a n d earnings of w o r k e r s in selected occupations by industry division, Scranton, Pa., July 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
t

Average
weekly
(standard'

Median ^

M '1" '

Middle ranged

s

*

S

s

i

$

$

$

s

s

$

t

*

$

t

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

130

160

150

160

17C

180

190

200

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

n o

115

120

130

160

150

160

170

18C

190

200

210

-

-

-

6
3
5

5
5

15
16
1

5
6
1

3

“

1
1

1

”

“

3

1
1

*

and
u n d er

65

MEN

*

6

*

60

AND WOMEN COMBINED—
CUNT I NUEO

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------------

67
35

$

$

$

38.5 119.50 116.00 1 0 5. 00 39.0 129.CO 126.50 1 1 6. 00 -

129.50 130.00 “

SW ITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

39

39.0
39.0
38.5

91.00
88.50
96.00

91.00
89.00
96.50

37.0

9 6 . 5C

0 109 00
39.5 106.50
38.0 115.OC

31
zz

1
7

? ,

90.50
37

S e e footnotes at end of tables.




"

o
o

TRANSCRI BI NG -H AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------------------------

61
60
21

3

5

”
3

~

5
1

5

4

*

*

5

9

*

1

101 50
97.50
87.00
8 6 .0 0

8
3
5

-

6

-

“

_

4

1

1

“

~

“

“

“

**

-

'

91.00

o
O'

96...0

3
3

1 Ub • 5 U

83.00- 98.50
82.50- 96.00
86.50106.CO

87.00-100.00

1

-

-

3

21
15

6

4

*

-

*

13

4

4

_

_

1

1

_

_

i

13

-

“

6
12

6

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

87.50-108.00
97 .5 0-167.50
77.50- 96.50
79.00- 96.00

1

1
16

“

13

12
e

12

“

"
”

-

-

-

3

1

“

“

~

2

1

“

"

”
“

~
“

~

9
T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o cc u p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(Ave r a g e straight-time we e k l y hours and earnings of w o r k e r s in selected occupations by industry division, Scranton, Pa., July 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O ccupation and in d u s try division

Number
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—
S

»
95

weekly
Mean*

(standard)

Median *

Middle ranged

*

t
100

105

$

S
110

115

$
120

$

t
12 5

130

*
135

S
1 40

$

*
1 45

150

160

*

t

$

t
1 55

17 0

18 0

i
19 0

*
20C

S

*
2 10

220

and
under

230
and

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

14 5

1 50

155

16 0

1 70

18 0

19 0

-

1

-

2

3
3

1
1

2
2

6

3
2
1

6

-

*

5
1

2
2

2

2
1
1

4

-

-

-

-

2

1

200

210

220

230

1
1

*

-

*
2

5

1

4

1
1

-

-

over

MEN AND WiJMtN COMBINED

$

$

$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

37
20
17

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 45.50
1 46.00
145.00

1 48.50
147 .5 0
155.00

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

$
2
2

1
1

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , CLASS B -------------------------------

20

3 8 .0

19 5 .5 0

2 0 4.00

1 7 1 .0 0 -2 1 9 .0 0

“

-

-

181.00

1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

1

-

1

* U.U i. , o . v v
t
-

_

-

-

-

-

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

107
86

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 56.00
158.50

156.50
1 5 9.00

1 4 4 .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

CLASS C -------------------------------

62

4 0 .0

1 35.50

1 3 5.00

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

*

6

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R E GI ST ER ED ) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

16
16

3 9 .5
39.5

1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 8 . 0C

14 1 .0 0
1 41.00

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 3 5 . 5 0 - 1 5 4 . 5C

_

-

DRAFTSMEN,

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

1

1
_

1
1

3
3

1

2
1

2
2

2
2

6

12

3

9

1

i

i

3

5

2

1

0

11
6

9
4

1
13

11

'
18
16

1
7

32
32

1
1

-

-

*
i

1
-

~

4

2

1

3

15

-

20

i

-

-

6

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

3
3

4
4

2
2

i
i

2
2

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

i
i

-

10
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w ork ers in selected occupations by industry division , Scranton, P a ., July 1972)
Average
Number
of
workers

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - MEN

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

23
15

$
37.5 134.50
36.5 131.50

ME SSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) ------------------------

17

39.0 1 0 2 .0 0

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WO KE N— CONTINUED

of

Weekly
standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

$
94.50

workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WO ME N— CONTINUED

23

38.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

53
28
25

38.5 115.50
38.0 115.00
39.0 116.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

118
45
73

37.5 102.50
95.50
38.0
37.5 107.00

95.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------------------

28

38.5

35
24

37.5
38.0

82.00
82.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------

37
33

38.0 111.50
37.5 114.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------

69
62

38.5 103.50
39.0 104.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------

37

39.5 124.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

94
55
39

38.0 1 0 2 .0 0
37.5
99.50
39.0 106.00

152
102
50

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------

39

37.0

38.5 129.00
38.0 130.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

36
2C
16

38.5 106.50
39.5 102 .00
38.0 111.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 --MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

37.5 134.00
37.5 148.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

84
47
37

38.0
38.5
37.5

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------------------------------

33
19

39.0 148.00
38.5 148.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------------

17

38.0 189.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------

59
36

40.0 177.50
40.0 178.00
40.0 156.00
40.0 158.50

91.00
90.50
92.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

57
37
20

38.0 119.00
38.0 119.50
38.0 119.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

47
32
15

39.0 113.00
39.5 116.00
38.5 106.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NUFACTURING -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --

55
16
39

38.5 107.00
99.50
39.5
38.5 1 1 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

66

35
31

38.5 119.00
39.0 129.00
37.5 108.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------------------------------

107
88

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B

22

39.0

96.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------

62

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

61
40
21

39.0
39.0
38.5

91.00
88.50
96.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
16
16

39.5 148.00
39.5 148.00

88.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

38.5 1 2 1 .0 0
38.5 124.50
38.0 114.00

SECRETARIES --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

•P
*

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E CPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------------




Number

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - WOMEN

See footnote at end of tables,

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

135.50

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

( A verage straight-time hourly earnings of w o r k e r s in selected occupations by industry division, Scranton, Pa., July 1972)

Num ber of w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings^

*

i

t

t

*

$

i

T

*

*

*

i

3.0C

Sex, occupation, a n d industry division

i

i

~i

3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0

3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0

$

$

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------

76
65

4 .4 0
4 .1 6

4 .1 2
4 .0 9

$
$
3 . 9 5 - 4 .4 9
3 . 9 1 - 4 .1 8

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------

94
94

4 .1 2
4 .1 2

4 .1 7
4 . 17

4 . 0 4 - 4 .2 6
4 . 0 4 - 4 .2 6

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MA NUFACTURING ------

148
139

4 .0 5
4 .0 3

4 .0 5
4 .0 4

4 . 0 1 - 4 .0 9
4 . 0 0 - 4 .0 9

1 5

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

116
116

4 .5 1
4 .5 1

4 .5 0
4 .5 0

4 . 2 9 - 4 .5 6
4 . 2 9 - 4 .5 4

—
-

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
1

2
2

5
5
1

5

1

_
-

—
—

—
-

—
—

7
7

12
4
4

—

-

8
8

—

11
11
18
18

12

8
8

5

1 5

13
13

1
1

—

—

83
83
—
—

19
19

2
2

19
19

12
5

1
1

30

3

30

3

30

t

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

$ $
$
t
*
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

4 .4 0 4 .5 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

30

-

*

i

4 .4 0 4 .5 0

2
2

4
4

10

over

4
3

10
10

12
12
7
7

1
1
18
18

51
51

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
7
7

12
T a b le A -5 . C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o ccu p atio n s: H o u rly e arn in g s
( A verage straight-time hourly earnings of w o r k e r s in selected occupations by industry division, Scranton, Pa., July 1972)

H
ourly earnings3
*
1 .6 0

m
ber
Sex, occupation, a n d industry division

kers

Mean2 M
edian^

Middle range ^

i
t
1 .8 0 2 .0 0

S
2 .2 0

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of--t
$
$
*
»
$
$
V
$
$
(
t
S
*
$
1 -------- i ------- ~ i-----2 .4 0 2 60 2 .8 0 3 00 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

and
S
1.6C under
1 .8 0 2 .0 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0

2 80 3 .0 0 3 .20 3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0 5.4C 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0

HEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

145
73

$
2 .2 9
2 .4 7

$
2 .1 4
2 .3 9

$
$
1 . 9 8 - 2 .6 3
2 . 1 7 - 2 .8 9

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

~

44
4

38
17

19
17

5
3

14
10

15
15

7
7

-

-

-

3

1

5

15

2 .8 4

2 .9 2

2 . 7 5 - 2 .9 9

42

2 .2 1

2 .2 1

2 . 0 8 - 2 .3 7

J A N I T O R S , PO RT ERS , AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

233
144
89
15

2 .6 7
2 .8 4
2 .4 0
3 .6 5

2 .7 2
2 .8 1
2 .1 9
3 .6 9

2 .0 9 2 .5 9 1 .8 1 3 .6 2 -

3 .1 0
3 .1 1
2 .8 5
3 .8 7

14
*14
*

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

348
165
183
87

3 .7 8
3 .0 4
4 .4 4
5 .5 7

3 .3 8
3 .1 4
4 . 18
5 .6 5

2 .8 8 2 .8 0 3 .7 8 5 .6 2 -

4 .2 0
3 .2 7
5 .6 5
5 .6 7

-

-

ORDER
F IL L E R S ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

236
129

3 .5 5
3 .0 9

3 .6 6
3 .0 5

3 . 0 4 - 4 .1 5
2 . 7 8 - 3 .3 8

_

_

PACKERS,

149
145

2 .9 3
2 .9 6

3 .1 4
3 .1 5

2 . 5 7 - 3 .4 3
2 . 6 0 - 3 .4 3

-

RECE IVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

37
27

3 .1 7
2 .9 4

3 .0 7
3 .0 2

2 . 6 9 - 3 .5 5
2 . 6 5 - 3 .0 9

S H I P P I N G CLERKS -----------------------------------------

25

3 .4 1

3 .6 3

S H I P P I N G ANO RECE IVI NG CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
41

2 .9 0
3 .0 5

3 .0 8
3 . 14

TRUCKDRIVERS
--------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

619
68
551

4 .7 8
3.8 1
4 .9 0

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS! ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

33
28

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TCNSI --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

SHIPPING

------------------------

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

~

3

6
6
6

6
6
-

11
11

5

5
5

48
48
5

1
1
-

106

1

1

7

31

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

“

-

4

17

14

2

5

15
7
8

13
5
8
-

21
6
15

17
10
7

20
9
11
“

39
35
4
~

14
12
2
1

40
39
1
1

11
10
1
1

-

“

5
5
5

2
2

4
3
1

3
3

37
6
31

28
27
1

22
16
6

46
46
-

33
33
~

30
27
3

5

-

-

_

4
4

30
30

6
6

47
47

14
14

-

28
28

8
6

7
6

3
2

10
10

12
12

13
13

2
2

46
46

6
6

24
24

18
18

_

_

-

1
1

5
4

“

4
4

3
3

9
9

4
2

2
2

4
2

1

-

2 . 7 0 - 4 .1 4

-

-

-

-

1

5

-

2

1

-

3

4

1

7

2 . 6 3 - 3 .2 8
2 . 8 8 - 3 .3 5

-

_
-

_

8

2
2

2
2

7
5

2
2

15
15

5
5

10
10

1

4 .5 8
3 .2 9
4 .5 9

4 . 5 1 - 5 .7 5
3 . 0 4 - 5.5 3
4 . 5 2 - 5 .7 6

“

-

”

3

-

12
12
“

20
2
18

11

14
14

50
12
38

16
5
11

-

3

9
9

4
3
1

-

4 .5 6
4 .9 1

5 .5 3
5 .5 4

3 . 2 9 - 5 .5 8
3 . 4 3 - 5 .5 9

_

_

_

3

_

_

1

1
1

6
6

l
1

_

1

_

89
23

4 .5 3
2 .9 6

4 .4 5
2 .6 0

3 . 5 2 - 5 .7 6
2 . 5 5 - 3 .2 9

1
1

5
5

11
“

252
211
41

3 .4 1
3 .2 9
4 .0 0

3 .2 9
3 .2 7
4 .1 3

3 . 1 9 - 3 .4 3
3 . 1 8 - 3 .3 8
3 . 3 5 - 4 .1 9

-

46
46

119
107
12

31
31

44
21
23

1 .8 8
2 .1 2
1 .6 7

1 .8 9
2 .0 3
1 .6 9

1 . 6 6 - 2 .0 6
1 . 8 5 - 2 .3 9
1 . 3 7 - 1 .9 6

9
*9

l

_

131
99

2 .8 0
2 .8 0

3 .0 1
3 .0 2

2 . 4 5 - 3 .0 7
2 . 5 1 - 3 .0 7

“

-

-

_

~

-

“

“
_

_

_

_

*

_

_

-

-

~

1
1

”

11

"

12
12

2
2

_

-

6
2
4

14
14

"

-

_

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------- *

5
1
4
‘

* All w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1.20 to $ 1.40.
See footnotes at e n d of tables.




18
9
9

3
3

4
4

2
2
“

2
2
~

_

_

”

~

-

_

23
23

33
11

3
2

2
2

61
61

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

*
*

2
2

-

-

-

-

82

-

-

82
82

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

2

_

_

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

204

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
“

15
15
-

220
5
215

41
41

_

15
15

5
5

_

36

6

6
6

_
“

204

_

_

9

3
3

7
6
1

-

16
16

_

_

~

1

“

“

-

-

8

_

4
2

4
4

2

_

_

_

_

.

”

"

WOMEN
J A N I T O R S , POR TER S, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1

“

“

_

_

_

_

_
~

_
“

_
-

_
~

-

-

_

-

-

“
i

-

13

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown, The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's wage su r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld staff in c la s s ify in g into ap p rop ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to esta b lish m en t and
fr o m a re a to a r e a . T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b content. B e ca u s e o f this em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ifica n tly fr o m th ose in u s e in
individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In applying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in stru cted
to e x clu d e w ork ing s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; t r a in e e s ; and han dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p rob a tion a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R . M ACHINE
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic t y p e w rite r .
M ay a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er
c le r i c a l w ork in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a ch in e , a re
c la s s if ie d by type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s .
C la s s A . U nder g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c le r i c a l op era tion s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r e x a m p le, c le r i c a l ly p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e accou n tin g tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le ctin g am ong a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s through p re v io u s
accou n tin g a ctio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (co m b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a s e o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n ally p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e t c .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d eterm in ed d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m ay o r
m a y not be com p u ted on the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w hich are a u to m a tica lly accu m u la te d
by m a ch in e. The o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n um ber o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B ille r , m a ch in e (book k eepin g m a c h in e ). U se s a book k eepin g m a ch in e (with o r without
a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as part o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tion . G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te s fig u re s on a n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s
and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f b ook k eep in g.
W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , follow in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and stan d ard ized p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routin e accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tifica tio n o f item s and lo c a tio n s o f postin gs a re
c le a r l y in d ica te d ; ch e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd iz ed and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a cco u n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , FIL E
F i l e s , c la s s i f ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . May p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m anual task s re q u ir e d to m aintain f il e s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d exes file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n ica l d o cu m e n ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy s te m con tain in g a n u m ber o f v a ried su b ject
m a tte r f il e s . M ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay keep r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p es in con ju n ction
with the f il e s . M ay le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

B O O K K EE PIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R
O p erates a b ook k eepin g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e yb o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d
o f b u s in es s t r a n s a c tio n s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s
ings o r p a r tly c la s s if ie d m a t e r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d ,
w ard s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d

C la s s A . K eeps a set o f r e c o r d s re q u ir in g a know ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
book k eepin g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r ticu la r accou n tin g sy ste m
u sed . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each
phase o f the w o rk . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s if ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a t io n sy stem (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily ava ila b le m a te r ia l in f ile s and forw a rd s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m ay f il l out w ithdraw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C la s s B. K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
re q u ir in g little know ledge o f b a s ic b o ok k eep in g. P h a se s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a cco u n ts pa ya b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e xp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the a cco u n tin g d ep a rtm en t.

C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r i c e s and quantities o f item s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay c h e ck with c r e d it
depa rtm en t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

C L E R K , ACCOU NTIN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c le r i c a l task s such as posting to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts; v e r ify in g the intern al c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y of accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d istrib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s types o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , ca lcu la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w o rk
in eith er a m anual o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C om pu tes w ages o f com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu latin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs ba sed on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and
postin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w ork ing
d a y s , t im e , ra te , d e du ction s f o r in s u ra n ce , and total w ages due. M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

The w ork r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w hich re la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the bookk eepin g and accou n tin g te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not re q u ir e d to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f bookk eepin g and a ccou n tin g.




NOTE:

u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m atter) h ead ­
fin e r subh ea din gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le rela ted in dex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r i c a l tasks r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

The B ureau has d isco n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data fo r c o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s .

14

15
K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d
tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

o r v e r i fy

a lp h a b e tic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

data on

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and judgm ent in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u res to be fo llo w e d and in se a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be
keypu nched fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s o m e routin e
keypu nch w o rk .
M ay tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k eypu nch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the le v e l d efin ition s follow in g , r e fe r s to
th o se o f fi c ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p olicy m a k in g r o le with r eg a rd to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f this r o le , d o e s not
in all c a s e s id en tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w hose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on individ ual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p rove o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r individ ual tru st a cco u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c le r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f applying the follow in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts w hich have
been co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r presicfen t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p resid en t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l,
se gm e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la s s B

M ESSEN GER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fic e m a ­
c h in es such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

a ll,

SECR ETA RY

3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elow the o f fi c e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e functional a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in du stria l r e la ­
t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r org a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ea d q u a rters;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l. M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks fa ir ly in depen d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a l ls , p e r s o n a l c a l le r s , and in co m in g m a il,
in q u ir e s , and rou te s te c h n ica l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;

an sw ers

b.

E s ta b lis h e s , m a in ta in s,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o rd in a te s ;

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individual plant, f a c to r y , e t c . (o r oth er equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p ortan t org a n iz a tion a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in volvin g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M aintain s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m ak es app ointm ents as in s tru cte d ;

d.

routine

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p res id en t)
o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's sign a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

by o th e rs fo r the

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w hose r e s p o n s ib ilit y i s not equ ivalent
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition fo r c la s s B , but w h ose orga n iza tion a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d ivid ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tion al se g m e n ts w hich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth er su bdivided. In s om e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in clu d e s a w ide ran ge o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to r y , e t c . (o r oth er equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic and typing w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s kn ow ledge o f o f fic e rou tin e and understanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w hich a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); 0£
2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t. (N O TE : M any com p a n ies a ssig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b ov e, to this le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER

a.

P o s it io n s

w h ich do

not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

se cre ta ry

b.

co n c e p t

d e s c r ib e d

above;

S ten og ra p h e rs n ot fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l type du tie s;

c.
S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f fic e a s s is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the duties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e rou tin e o r
su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d efin ition ;

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion u sin g sh orthand, and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M ay
a ls o type fro m w ritten c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a sten og ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fro m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s ee T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r, G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e ta r y n o r m a lly
w ork s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip with on ly one m a n a g er o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b defin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G en eral

e.
A s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l duties w hich a re not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .




D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o rm a l routin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m aintain f il e s , keep s im p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .

16
STE N O G R A PH E R — C ontinued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c tr ic A ccou n tin g M achine O p e r a to r)— Continued

S ten og ra p h e r, S en ior

P o s itio n s a re c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s .

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs
o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a ls o set up and m ain tain f il e s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc.
OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic duties r e q u irin g s ig n ifica n tly g r e a t e r in depen d en ce and r e s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten o g ra p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g know ledge o f g e n e ra l b u sin e ss
and o f fi c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f il e s , w o rk flo w , e t c .
U ses this know ledge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r i c a l task s such as m aintain ing fo llo w u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in s tru ctio n s ; read in g and
routing in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc.
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r ep ortin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts including d ev isin g
d iffic u lt c o n tr o l panel w irin g under g en era l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m en ts t y p ic a lly in v olv e a
v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g
s o m e planning o f the nature and sequ en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
ch in e s . Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e ra tin g s e q u e n ce s o f long and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim ite d to
s e le ctio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lish ed p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but routin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p arts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s . O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in add ition to the s im p le r m a ch in e s
u sed by c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to do s om e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M ay tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .

C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s full te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to
doing routin e w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll-t im e
a ssig n m en t. ( " F u l l" te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e sta b lish m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d erstand able fo r telep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e ca u se
o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te rr e la te d fu n ctio n s, and co n se q u e n tly p re s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w hich ex te n s io n s a re a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)

T R AN SC RIBIN G -M AC H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

C la s s B . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n tele p h o n e sw itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
outgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a lls . M ay handle routin e long d ista n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ctio n s o f the e sta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u nd erstand able fo r telep h on e
in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the re q u e s ts a r e rou tin e, e .g ., givin g e x te n sio n n u m bers when
s p e c ific n am es a r e fu rn is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to an other o p e r a t o r .)

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in volvin g a n orm a l routine v o c a b u la r y fro m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten co p y and do s im p le c le r i c a l w ork .
W o rk e rs t r a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in volvin g a v a r ie d tec h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who takes d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s if ie d as a ste n o g r a p h e r .

T h e se c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in telep h on e co m p a n ie s who
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo r m in g du ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e s w itch ­
b o a r d , a cts as r e c e p t io n is t and m ay a ls o type o r p e r fo r m routin e c le r i c a l w ork as part o f r e g u la r
d u ties. T h is typing o r c le r i c a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itch b oa rd .
TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M achine O p e ra to r)
O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p r o d u c in g punch, e t c . E x clu d ed fro m this d e fin itio n a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o ex clu d ed a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n ic d igita l c o m p u te r s , e ven though th ey m ay a ls o o p e ra te
EAM equipm ent.

C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tru ctio n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g
m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p rod u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A ssig n m en ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit, fo r ex a m p le , individual s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g runs,
o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s , and do so m e filin g w ork .

T Y P IS T
U se s a t y p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tion s have been m ade by another p e r s o n . M ay includ e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls fo r use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as keeping s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in final fo r m when
it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f tec h n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typing o f c o m p lic a t e d sta tis tic a l ta b le s to m aintain u n iform ity
and b alan ce in s p a cin g . M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , vary in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d r a fts ; o r routin e typing o f f o r m s , in su ra n ce p o l ic i e s , e t c .; o r settin g up sim p le standard
tabu lation s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lr e a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL A N D TECHNICAL
CO M PU TE R O P E R A T O R

C O M PU TE R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d igita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to op era tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru ctio n s to d e te r m in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; load s equipm ent with re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .) : sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u i t , and starts
and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s adju stm en ts to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t op e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l co n d itio n s ; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during o p e ra tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s op e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te st and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p e ra te s in depen d en tly, o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly tested
and in trod u ced ; sch ed u lin g re q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e d ow ntim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e sig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a
w ork in g k n ow ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and altern ate p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay
give d ir e c t io n and gu idan ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B. O p e ra te s independ ently, o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e es ta b lis h e d
p rod u ction ru n s , ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little o r no te stin g




o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b le t im e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a ­
tio n s , d ia g n o s e s ca u s e and tak es c o r r e c t i v e a ctio n . T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r using standard c o r r e c t i o n tech n iq u es .
OR
O p e ra te s under d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a to r by in d e ­
pendently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt task s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt task s follow in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and with freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nd er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e cte d to d ev e lo p
w ork ing kn ow ledge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent u sed and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v olv ed in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U sually has r e c e iv e d s om e fo rm a l tra in in g in co m p u te r op e r a tio n .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M PU TE R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s an a lyst, into
a seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. W orking fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ich , when e n te re d into the c o m p u ter sy s te m in c o d e d lan gu ag e, c a u s e the m an ipu lation

17
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— Continued
o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s know ledge o f
co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r ticu la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to an a lyze ch a rts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce
o f p r o g r a m ste p s ; w rite s d e ta ile d flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te sts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l during p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte rs
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev elop m en t and r e v is io n s . (N O TE : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s if ie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the sk ill used to d e te r m in e th e ir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific
a n d /o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W orks independ ently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fro m d ia ­
g r a m s and ch a rts w hich id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s steps o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
plans the full ran ge o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u te r system
in ach iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .
At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent m u st be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te rr e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n s iv e n u m ber o f in tern al p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m ust o c c u r . T h is re q u ir e s
such a ction s as d e ve lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e u s e d , e sta b lish m e n t o f
lin k age p oin ts betw een o p e r a t io n s , adju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
co m p u te r s to r a g e ca p a c ity , and substantial m an ipu lation and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e lem en ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in tegra ted p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B .~ W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on r e la tiv e ly sim p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u ce d by re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r add itions to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w hich a r e re a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and sequ en cin g
o f data can be te s te d by using a few routin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
routine r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W orks on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by independ ently p e r ­
fo rm in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nd er f a ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s tru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts usu ally
le a r n e d in fo rm a l train in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e sig n e d to d e v e lo p co m p e te n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to routine p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n ce with
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly zes b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g them by u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. D evelop s a co m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f all s p e c ific a tio n s needed to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d digita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r ia re q u ir e d
to a ch ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and types o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d ocu m en ts to
be u sed ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d etail fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n t o m an agem en t and fo r p ro g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w ork and
data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o r d in a te s the d e ve lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and p a r ticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O TE : W o r k e r s p e r fo rm in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s an a lysts if this is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p e r v is io n
o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s an a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with
s c ie n tific o r en gin eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W orks independently o r under only ge n e ra l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
volv in g all p h a ses o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x be ca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in tegrated
p rod u ction sch ed u lin g , in ve n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in which




C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
e v e r y item o f each type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the 'u ll sy s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p ria te follow u p a ctio n s a re in itiated by the com pu ter.) C on ft s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p er s o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n eeded , fo r a p p ro va l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tion s o r ch anges and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l
a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

lev el s y s te m s an a lysts who are a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B . W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a lyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s are o f lim ite d
c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a re h om og en eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m aintain ing d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank,
m ain tain in g a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il es ta b lis h m e n t, o r m aintain ing in ven tory accou n ts
in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e term in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lica tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be app lied.
OR
W orks on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A. W orks independently on routin e a s s ig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W ork is r e v iew ed fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju dgm en t, co m p lia n c e with in ­
s tr u c tio n s , and to in su re p r o p e r alin em en t with the o v e r a ll sy s te m .
C la s s C . W orks under im m ed ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out an a ly ses as a ssig n ed , u sually
o f a sin gle a c tiv ity . A ssig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to d ev e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly sis w o rk . F o r ex a m p le,
m ay a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s an a lyst by p r e p a rin g the d eta iled s p e c ific a tio n s re q u ire d
by p r o g r a m e r s fro m in fo rm a tio n d ev e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l an a lyst.
D R A F TSM A N
C la s s A . P lan s the graph ic p resen ta tion o f c o m p le x item s having d is tin ctiv e d esig n
fe a tu re s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fro m e s ta b lis h e d draftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o r t with the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s . A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponents and p a r t s .
W orks with a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y with p r io r e n g in eerin g d e te r m in a tio n s .
May
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s, o r d ir e c t th e ir p rep a ra tion by lo w e r le v e l d raftsm en .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x draftin g a s s ig n m en ts that r e q u ire the a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f the stan d ard ized draw in g tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly u sed .
D uties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w ork as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g draw in gs of s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh ap es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e p osition a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c tu ra l d raw in gs fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ildin g including detail d raw in gs o f foundations, w all
s e c t io n s , flo o r p la n s, and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo rm u la s and m anua ls in m aking n e c e s s a r y
co m p u ta tio n s to d e te rm in e quantities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u sed , load c a p a c it ie s , stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s initial in s tru ctio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fro m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w ork is ch e c k e d fo r te c h n ica l adeq u acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d etail draw in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts fo r en g in e e r in g , co n s tr u c tio n ,
m an u factu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p es of d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and section a l v iew s to c la r if y p osition in g o f
co m p o n e n ts and co n v e y needed in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a num ber o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . Suggested m eth od s o f a p p roa ch , a p p lica b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ice on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e given with in itial a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D RAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s plans and draw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p la cin g tr a c in g cloth o r p ap er o v e r
draw in gs and t r a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN
W orks on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s by p e r fo rm in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e r a tio n s : M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and ov erh a u lin g . T h ese o p e ra tio n s
r e q u ir e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r all o f the follow in g ta sk s: A s s e m b lin g , testin g, adju stin g,
c a lib r a tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
W ork is n o n re p e titiv e and r e q u ir e s a know ledge o f the th e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n ic s
pertain in g to the use o f g e n e ra l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic test equipm ent; trou b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a tio n , re la tio n s h ip , and alin em en t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s having
a v a r ie ty o f com pon en t p a r ts .

18
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN — C ontinued

N URSE, IN D U STR IAL (R e g is t e r e d )

E le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s w o rk e d on t y p ic a lly in clu d e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
G rou n d, v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ica tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , navigation a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r ground ra d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io and te le v is io n tra n s m ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u te r s ; m is s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft guidance and c o n t r o l s y s te m s ; in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ica tin g and c o n tr o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc .

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid
to the i ll o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
o f patients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid e n t r e p o r ts fo r c om p en sa tion o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and health evalu ation s o f app lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health ed u ca tion , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r oth er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the health , w e lfa r e , and safety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u r s e s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than one n u r s e a r e e x clu d ed .

(E x clu d e p r o d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d ra fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f su ch standard e le c t r o n ic equipm ent as o f fic e m a c h in e s , ra d io and t e le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

M ACHIN IST, M AIN TE N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m aintain in go o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equipm ent such as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann ing and laying out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ; usin g a
v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k ­
ing standard shop com p u tation s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and se le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
fo r the w ork .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d throu gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new parts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m eta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equipm ent o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and laying out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m en ts ; setting up and op era tin g stan dard m ach in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p arts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com p u tation s rela tin g t o d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m ach in in g; k n ow ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le ctin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
and fitting and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e qu ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TE N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as the in sta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r
r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , heating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts, o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and diagn osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r i c a l
s y s te m o r equipm ent; w ork in g standard com p u ta tion s r e la tin g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l equipment;* and using a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g
in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E ER, STA TIO N A R Y
O perates and m ain tain s and m ay a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f sta tio n a ry en gin es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g . W ork in v o lv e s :
O peratin g and m aintain ing equipm ent
such as steam e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g equipm ent, ste a m b o ile r s and b o i le r - f e d w ater p u m ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
k eepin g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n su m p tio n . M ay a ls o su ­
p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
en g in eer a r e e x c lu d e d .
FIR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y BO ILE R
F ir e s s tation ary b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich em p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r ,
o r steam . F eed s fu e ls to fir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
ch e ck s w ater and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.
H E L P E R , M AIN TE N A N C E TR AD ES
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo rm in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by holdin g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th er u n sk illed ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
Th e kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to t r a d e : In s o m e tra d e s the h e lp e r i s co n fin e d
to supplying, liftin g , and holdin g m a te r ia ls and t o o ls , and cle a n in g w ork ing a r e a s ; and in o th e rs
he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r parts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e types o f m a ch in e t o o ls , such a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups o r
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; usin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; s e le ctin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during o p e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls n eed
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o ils .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops a r e ex clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .




M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a intena nce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an es ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g au tom otiv e equipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se of such h an d tools as w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to c k ; grin din g and adjustin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and alin in g w h e e ls , adjustin g b ra k es
and lig h ts , o r tightenin g b o d y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the au tom otiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to­
m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an es ta b lis h m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
dism an tlin g o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use
o f h an d tools in s c r a p in g and fitting p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith item s obtained
fr o m sto ck ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u ctio n o f a rep la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties
in v o lv e setting up o r adju stin g m a c h in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r heavy equ ipm en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r heavy
equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layout a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann ing and laying out o f the w o rk ; in terp retin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using a v a r ie ty
o f h an dtools and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s , strength o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and ba la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c t in g standard t o o ls ,
equipm ent, and p arts to be u s e d ; and in sta llin g and p iaintain ing in g o o d o r d e r p ow er t r a n s m is s io n
equipm ent such as d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s
the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
t io n s ; p r e p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m ov in g old fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f il l e r in n ail

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P A IN T E R , MAINTENANCE-— Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L W OR KE R, M AIN TE N A N C E— Continued

h oles and in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint with s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls , white
lea d , and o th e r paint in g re d ie n ts to o btain p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten a n ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

types o f s h e e t -m e t a l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; setting
up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w ork in g m a ch in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f han dtools
in cutting, bend ing, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w ork and m e a s u r in g to lo ca te
p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m d ra w in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a c h in e s ; th readin g
pipe with s to c k s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith c o u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m akin g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e q u ir e d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te r m in e w hether fin ­
is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gag ed in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g buildin g sanitation
o r heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER, M A IN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in go o d r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu r e s
(su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan k s, v e n tila to r s , c h u te s, d u cts, m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and laying out all

T O O L AND DIE M AK ER
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
laying out o f w ork fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ;
using a v a r ie ty o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; u n d er­
standing o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op eratin g of
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m eta l p a rts during fa b r ic a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a ch iev e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g ap p rop ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded
train in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
shops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

t o o l and die m a k e r s in t o o l

and die job b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
G u a rd . P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es gatem en who a r e station ed at gate and ch e ck
on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y again st fir e ,'
th eft, and ille g a l en try.
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

SH IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G CL E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in com in g sh ip ­
m en ts o f m e r ch a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia l s . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s ; A kn ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p rep a rin g r e c o r d s
o f the g o o d s shipped, m aking up b ills o f ladin g, postin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r ch a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f shipm ents
a gain st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g d am ­
aged g o o d s ; routin g m e r ch a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m aintain ing n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f il e s .

C lean s and keeps in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apartm ent h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in vo lve
a c om b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : S w eeping, m o p p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f ix ­
tu re s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as f o llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
TR UCKDRIVER

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLING
A w o rk e r em p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th e r e sta b lish m e n t
w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L oadin g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unp ackin g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e by h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ips a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d go o d s fr o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce with s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in addition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n a d d ition a l s to c k o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d du ties.

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c it y o r in d u stria l a rea to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r ch a n d is e ,
equ ipm en t, o r m e n betw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such a s : M anufacturin g plants, fre ig h t
d e p o ts, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il e sta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u se s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o load o r unload tr u c k with o r without h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under IV 2 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a il e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a il e r type)

P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r shipm ent o r s to r a g e by p la cin g them in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and num ber
o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
K now ledge o f v a rio u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type
and s iz e o f con ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a te r ia l to
p rev en t b reak a ge o r d am age: c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n ta in e r; and applying la b e ls o r e n terin g
id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m an u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er es ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by type o f tr u c k ,

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

as fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t—
The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Copies of public releases are or
will be available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste.
Marie, Mich.
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.
(Brevard Co.)
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Norwich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.
Yuma, Ariz.

Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Amarillo, Tex.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Corpus Christi, Tex.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.—
Pa.—
W. Va.
Fresno, Calif.
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Lexington, Ky.*
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Wichita Falls, Tex.

Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Austin, Tex.*
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Great Falls, Mont.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 1973.

See inside back cover.

The twelfth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1742, National Survey of Professional, Administrative,
Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1971, 75 cents a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.


☆ U. S . G O


V E R N M E N T

PRINTING

OFFICE:

1 9 7 2 - “- 746-1 8 5 / 4 0

A re a W a g e S u rv ey s
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1----------------------------------------------- 1685-87, 40
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y., Mar. 1972---------------- 1725-49, 30
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1972 1____________________ 1725-59, 35
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1 — 1725-87, 35
Atlanta, Ga., May 1972 1----------------------------------------------- 1725-77, 45
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1972 * (to be surveyed)
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1971_____________________________ 1725-16, 35
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1972______ 1725-69, 30
45
Binghamton, N.Y., July 1972__________________________ 1775-5,
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1972_________________________ 1725-58, 30
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971__________________________ 1725-27, 30
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1971_____________________________ 1725-11, 40
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1971_______________________________ 1725-34, 45
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971_____________________________ 1725-25, 25
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1______________________________ 1725-75, 35
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1972 1 ---------------------------------- 1725-63, 35
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 1 __--------------------------------------- 1725-48, 35
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1971----------------------------- 1725-14, 30
Chicago, 111., June 1972________________________________ 1725-92, 70
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972_________________ 1725-56, 35
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971------------------------------------------ 1725-17, 40
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971_____________________________ 1725-19, 30
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1971________________________________ 1725-26, 35
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1972 *— 1725-55, 35
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1 ____________________________ 1725-36, 35
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971*_____________________________ 1725-44, 35
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 _________________________ 1725-86, 35
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1972_____________________________ 1725-68, 40
Durham, N.C., Apr. 1972 1_____________________________ 1725-64, 30
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1972 *_____________________________ 1725-74, 35
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1971___________________________ 1725-21, 30
55
Green Bay, W is., July 1972 1__________________________ 1775-1,
Greenville, S.C., May 1972____________________________ 1725-66, 30
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1972______________________________ 1725-79, 35
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1972 1 __________________________ 1725-50, 35
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971___________________________ 1725-23, 30
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_____________________________ 1725-38, 30
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1971_________________________ 1725-39, 30
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1971----------------------------- 1725-18, 35
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1972 1________ 1725-81, 35
Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
55
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1972 1______ 1775-2,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1972_____________________ 1725-76, 45
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1______________________ 1725-29, 35
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1972 1____________________________ 1725-57, 35
55
Manchester, N.H., July 1972 1_________________________ 1775-8,
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1971 1 ____________________ 1725-40, 35
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1971________________________________ 1725-28, 30
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1972 1 ------------------------ 1725-37, 30

l
Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

cents
cents
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cents
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cents
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cents
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Area
Milwaukee, W is., May 1972 1___________________________
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 ______________
St.
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1 ______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 ________ :____
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1_________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972___________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1972 1
____________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972--------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972_______________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1_______________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1972 1 __________
Philadelphia, Pa.-N .J., Nov. 1971*-----------------------------Phoenix, Ariz., June 1971______________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1----------------------------------------Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 ___ ________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y.,

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30
45
35
40
50
30
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
Ralefgh, N.C., Aug. 1972_______________________________ 1775-7,
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1972 * ____ __________________-___ _ 1725-72,
River side—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
1725-43,
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1972---- 1775-4,
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 _____________________________ 1725-84,
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1972_________________________ 1725-61,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971------------------------------------ 1725-24,
San Antonio, Tex., May 1972___________________________ 1725-67,
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1971 1---------------------------------------- 1725-32,
San Francisccr-Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1 ____________ 1725-33,
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1972____________________________ 1725-65,
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1 -------------------------------------------- 1725-73,
Scranton, Pa., July 1972------------------------------------------------ 1775-10,
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1972_____________________ 1725-47,
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971_________________________ 1725-30,
South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 ___________________________ 1725-60,
Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1____________________________ 1725-91,
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1971 1------------------------------------------- 1725-10,
Tampa— Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1972------------------------ 1775-9,
St.
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1972 1 _______________________ 1725-78,
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971_______________________________ 1725-12,
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1972___________________________ 1775-3,
Washington, D .C .-M d.-V a., Mar. 1972 1 ----------------------- 1725-93,
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1 ________________________ 1725-53,
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_____________________________ 1725-20,
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972*____________________________ 1725-82,
Worcester, Mass., May 1972 1_________________________ 1725-71,
York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1 _________________________________ 1725-54,
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1 ________________ 1725-51,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass.,
M

30
45
35
35
30
30
35
50
30
35
45
30
25
35
35
35
45
35
30
45
70
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
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cents
cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LA B -4 4 6

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of ColumbiaMaryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wanker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
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Oklahoma
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Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
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Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
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Iowa
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Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102