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i

Area Wage Survey

The Scranton, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area
J u ly

B u lle tin

1969

1 6 6 0 -1 5




U.S. D EPARTM ENT O F LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

IO A
W

NE8R

K an sas C ity

OL
KA
VIRGIN ISLANDS

D a lla s

P u e r t o Pico

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481(Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.



Area Wage Survey
The Scranton, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area




J u ly

1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -1 5

D e c e m b e r 1969

U.S. DEPA RTM EN T O F LABOR
G eorge P. S h u ltz , S ecretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Geoffrey H. Moore. Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P reface

C ontents
Page

The Bureau of Labor S tatistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in m etropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishm ent practices and supplem entary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the stru c ­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction______________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups______________________

1
3

Tables:
1. Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and
number studied---------------------------------------------------------------2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of change for selected p erio d s____________________

2
4

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of surveys, two sum m ary bulletins are issued. The first
brings data for each of the m etropolitan areas studied into
one bulletin. The second presents inform ation which has
been projected from individual m etropolitan area data to
relate to geographic regions and the United States.

A. Occupational earnings:
A -1. Office occupations—
men and women____________________
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and

5

A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined___________________________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations_______________
A-5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations__________

7
8
9

Ninety areas currently are included in the p ro ­
gram . In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishm ent practices and
supplem entary wage provisions biennially.

Appendix. Occupational d escriptio n s______________________________

11

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Scranton, P a., in July 1969- The Standard M etropolitan
Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through January 1968, consists of Lackawanna County.
This study was conducted by the B ureau's regional office in
Philadelphia, P a., under the general direction of Irwin L.
Feigenbaum, A ssistant Regional D irector for Operations.




NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Scranton area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; lo cal-tran sit operating employees; and
m otortruck d riv e rs, helpers, and allied occupations.

iii

1




Area Wage Survey---The Scranton, Pa., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b asis.1
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishm ents
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that ea rlie r study. P ersonal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishm ents within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; tra n s ­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishm ents
having fewer than a prescribed number of w orkers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to w arrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication crite ria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
O c c u p a tio n s a n d E a r n i n g s

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the fol­
lowing types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial movement.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job d escrip ­
tions designed to take account of inter establishm ent variation in duties
within the same job. The occupations selected for study are listed
and described in the appendix. The earnings data following the job
titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the
occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within
occupations, are not presented in the A -se ries tables because either
(1) employment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies con du cted under contract with the New York
Departm ent o f Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (N ew Y ork portion on ly); R ochester ( o ff ic e o c c u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica —R om e. In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas at the request o f the W age and H our and Pu blic Contracts D ivisions o f the U .S . D e ­
partm ent o f Labor.




to m erit presentation, -or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishm ent data.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e w orkers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude p re ­
mium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allow­
ances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for
overtim e at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide e sti­
m ates. Industries and establishm ents differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estim ates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishm ents. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assum ed to reflect differences in pay treatm ent of the sexes within
individual establishm ents. Other possible factors which may contrib­
ute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences in
progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties p e r­
formed, although the w orkers are classified appropriately within the
same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying em ­
ployees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used
in individual establishm ents and allow for minor differences among
establishm ents in the specific duties perform ed.
Occupational employment estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational stru ctu re among
establishm ents, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishm ents studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishm ent P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishm ent practices and supple­
m entary wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
State
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office w orkers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are
presented (in the B -serie s tables) in previous bulletins for this area.
1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W it h i n S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d i n S c r a n t o n , P a . , 1
b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 J u l y 19 6 9

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in sco p 6
o f s tu d y

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y *

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P e rce n t

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________

.

236

98

4 0 ,6 1 3

100

2 5 ,5 1 8

M a n u fa c tu r in g
_ __ __
.
_ __ _ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __ _______________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 ___________________ ______
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 __________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _______
S e r v i c e s 6 7 ---------------------------------------------------------

50
-

172
64

57
41

3 1 , 167
9 ,4 4 6

77
23

1 7 ,9 5 5
7, 563

50
50
50
50
50

15
11
21
5
12

13
5
11
4
8

2 ,5 8 1
1, 180
3 , 788
921
976

6
3
10
2
2

2, 424
651
3, 012
820
656

1 T h e S c r a n to n S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u re a u of th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s is ts of L a c k a w a n n a
C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
T h e e s ti m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t
i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n of th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f ic a ti o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y i n g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h
i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s ti m a t e s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A lm o s t t h r e e - f o u r th s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of th e s u r v e y in th e S c r a n to n a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f ir m s .
T h e f o ll o w i n g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u f a c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if ic i n d u s t r ie s

A p p a re l an d o th e r te x tile
p r o d u c t s _________________________31
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d

W o m e n 's a n d m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r —- ____________________ 12
M e n 's a n d b o y s ' f u r n i s h i n g s ___ 11
E le c tr o n ic c o m p o n e n ts a n d
a c c e s s o r i e s _______________________7

P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g __________ 10
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ----------------- 9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----------7
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 5
O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ------------5

Y a r n a n d t h r e a d m i l l s _______

5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u rv e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a rio u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d iff e r f r o m p r o p o rtio n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l ts of th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re s e n te d
in

a v e ra g e

and

in a v e r a g e

a re

a

y ield s
d a te

th e

in d ex .

c h an g es

m e a s u re s

of

m e a s u re

M e th o d

of

a v e ra g e

in

fo r

2

th e

la te r

is

th e

e a ch
fo r

in

g ro u p s.

th e

change
d a te s.

th e
th e

th ey

e a rn in g s

p re m iu m

pay

late

in d ex
to

not

to

e a c h

for

and

m o st

in d u stria l
fo r

F o r

fo r

a re

of

w o rk

b a se d

th e

th e

p lan t

s tra ig h t-tim e

p e rc e n ta g e s

in clu d e

an d

s a la rie s

o v e rtim e .

o v e rtim e

T he

and

w o rk e rs

w eek ly

in a v e ra g e

fo r

sh ifts.

p a tio n s

th e

re la te

e s tim a te s

e sta b lish m e n ts

of

th e

of

c le ric a l

re g u la r

c h a n g es

p e rio d

a re

to

m e a s u re

in c re a s e

T h e se

a re a ;

o ffice

re la te

e x c lu siv e

in d ex es

p e rc e n t

fro m

b a se

o r

tre n d s

c o n d u c te d

a

su rv e y
100

F o r

ch an g e
n u rse s ,

T he

a s

a re a

by

T h e se

le s s

100

next

w o rk e r

h o u rly
on

on

n u rse s ,
n o rm a l

fo r

n u m e ric a lly

w age

g ro u p s,

e a rn in g s,

w eek en d s,

d a ta

th e

w o rk w eek ,
th ey

e x c lu d in g

h o lid a y s,

se le c te d

im p o rta n t

key

and
o c c u ­

jo b s

w ith in

gro u p .

a re

in te n d e d

in

th e

L im ita tio n s

a re a .

w e re

p e rc e n t,

re la tiv e

fo llo w in g

by

th e

y e a r
th e

o ccu p atio n s

th e

re la te d

show s

of

b a se

an d

w e ig h ts

d iv id in g

y e a r 's
in

to

T he

th e

(100) b y

in d ex .

co m p u tin g

an d

th e

D ata

w ag es
tio n s

of

(2)

m e rit
in

ch a n g es

to

w h ile

in

e x p a n sio n s,

w o rk e rs

C h an g es

in

th at

re la tiv e

ev en

lab o r

th o u g h

a v e ra g e

tre n d s:

w ag es

e n te re d

e a rn in g s

th e

m a y

have

m a y

have

e n te re d

a re a

c h a n g es

c lu d e d
in

in

3

la b o r

fo rc e

by

c a u se

a c tu a l

d e c lin e d

ex p an d ed

pay

(3)

an d

w age
in

a n

w ith

th e

th e

gave

is

tu rn ­

p ro p o r­

pay

le v e ls.
in

in c re a s e s ,

e sta b lish m e n ts

S im ila rly ,

c o n sta n t,

yet

b e c a u se

th e

c o n c eiv a b le

w age

lo w e r-p a y in g
fo rc e s .

in d i­

d e c re a s e s
It

of
and

a v e ra g e

lab o r

in

d iffe re n t
o r

by

in

fro m

c h a n g es

a re a

s a la ry

re c e iv e d

c h a n g es.

w o rk

m e a s u re s

c h a n g es

in c re a s e s

b e c a u se

th e ir

in

a s

g e n e ra l

resu ltin g

e sta b lish m e n ts

c a n

(1)

and

red u c tio n s,

re la tiv e ly

of

th e

pay

c o n sta n t
p ro p o rtio n
T he

for

h ig h er-p ay in g

o v e rtim e .
in d ex e s

W h ere

an d
in

th e

e m p lo y m en t
of

p e rc e n ta g e s

w o rk

a v e ra g e s

fo r

w ag es
a n

a re a

e sta b lish m e n ts

sco p e

of

of
th e

ch an g e

h o u rs.
d a ta
ch an g e
su rv e y .

e lim in a te s

re p re s e n te d

of

sc h ed u le s,

n e c e s s a ry ,

p e rc e n ta g e s

w e ig h ts

w o rk e rs

s tra ig h t-tim e

sta n d a rd

th e

ch a n g es

th e

e s ta b lish m e n ts

d a ta .

fo r
by

jo b ,

fo rc e

c h an g e,
by:

in c re a s e s

sa m e

c o n sid e ra b ly

u se

th e
in

o th er

th e

w ith o u t

have

of

in flu en ced

a re a .

in

a v e ra g e

c h a n g es

o r

fo rc e

o r

ris e n

T he
of

a ll

m a y

re m a in e d

th e

p e rc e n ta g e s
a re

e m p lo y e d

th e

o ccu p atio n al a v e ra g e s

in d ex

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) : O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) — S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) :
C arpenters
Bookkeeping-m achine
Continued
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
Secretaries
E lectricians
C l e rk s , a c c o u n t i n g , c la ss es
M achinists
Stenographers, ge ne ra l
A and B
Stenographers, senior
M echanics
S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s , c la ss es
C l e i k s , f i l e , c la ss es
M echanics (autom otive)
A , B, a n d C
A and B
P a i n te r s
Cleiks, order
Pipefitters
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e operators,
T o o l a n d d i e m a k e is
Cleiks, payroll
c la s s B
C o m p to m e te r operators
T y p i s ts , c la s s e s A a n d B
K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s
Unskilled p la n t (men):
A and B
I n d u s t r ia l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) :
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s
O f f ic e boy s a n d girls
Nu r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d )
Laborers, m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g




due
fo rc e

an d

a v e ra g e s ,

w o rk e rs

o v e r,

fo r

in d ex e s

a re a

c h a n g es,

th e

(com pound)
w age

in

v id u al

re su lta n t

. T he

A v e ra g e
th e

w age

for

a g g re g a te s

T he

m u ltip ly

ch an g e

y e a r

a g g re g a te

ch an g e.

re la tiv e

b a se

e a rn in g s

w e ig h t,

y e a r.

p e rc e n ta g e

y e a r

u se d

re fle c t

(m ean)

to ta led .

e a rlie r

c o n tin u in g

p rev io u s
w e re

em p lo y m en t

o ccu p atio n al
by

T he

o ccu p atio n al

w e re

th e

th e

w ith in

a v e ra g e

g ro u p
fo r

an

p ro p o rtio n a te

its

c o n sta n t

by

in th e

a g g re g a te

su cceed in g

on
T he

m u ltip lie d

y e a rs
th e

o ccu p atio n s

b a se d

p o ssib le .

o c cu p atio n s

y e a r

y e a r 's

th e

th e
fro m

of

fo r

key

w e ig h t

p ro d u c t of m u ltip ly in g

th e

of

of

in d u stria l

e x p re s s e d

S u b tra c tin g

w ag es

c h a n g es

gro u p .

w e re

a ll

c o n sec u tiv e

re la tiv e ,

(d ate

in d ic a te d

se le c te d
a

w h e re v e r

o ccu p atio n

fo r

pay

th e

o ccu p atio n al

p ro d u cts

fo r

of

a ssig n e d

em p lo y m en ts
e a c h

th e

an d

C o m p u tin g

w as

th e

tim e ,

1961).

a v e ra g e s

p e rc e n ta g e s

p lan t w o rk e r

g iv en

in

a n d

w o rk e rs

p e rc e n ta g e s

b e tw e en

E a c h
g ro u p

a

ch ange

in

in d ex e s

se le c te d
a t

Ju n e

T he

ch ange

a re

c le ric a l

p e rio d

an d

p e rc e n ta g e

th e

of

b a se

I960

2

o ffice

w ag es

th e

Ju ly

of

w age
to

of

d u rin g

b e tw e e n

tab le

of

e a rn in g s

m e a s u re

w ag es

in

s a la rie s

T hey

a s

such,

w e re
any

in

re fle c t
a re
o r

a d ju ste d

th e

e a ch
o n ly

effect
jo b

not

in flu en ced

by

p re m iu m

to

s ig n ific a n t

re m o v e
effect

in ­

ch an g es
by
pay
fro m

c a u se d

4

T ab le

2.

In d ex es

of S ta n d ard

S c ran to n ,

W e ek ly

P a . ,

Ju ly

S a la rie s
1969

and

and
Ju ly

S tra ig h t-T im e
1968,

and

H o u rly

P e rc e n ts

fo r

S e lec te d

O c c u p a tio n a l

of C hange 1 fo r

E a rn in g s

S e lec te d

P e rio d s

A ll in d u s trie s

Ite m

and

M a n u fa c tu rin g

O ffic e

In d u stria l

S k ille d

U n sk ille d

O ffic e

In d u stria l

S k ille d

n u rs e s

m a in te n a n c e

p lan t

c le ric a l

n u rse s

m ain ten a n c e

p lan t

tra d e s

w o rk e rs

tra d e s

w o rk e rs

(m en)

(m en)

(m en)

(m en)

and

(m en

and

w om en)

w om en)

In d ex es

(m e n

and

(m en

w om en)

and

w om en)

(A ugust 1960=100)

134. 0

151. 0

135. 5

149. 2

146. 6

1 5 1 .0

133. 9

1 4 1 .0

145. 7

129. 4

139. 4

140. 2

145. 7

127. 8

135. 7

4. 8

3. 9

P e rc e n ts

of ch an g e 1

Ju ly

1968

to

Ju ly

1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------

4 .9

3. 6

4. 8

7. 0

4. 6

3. 6

Ju ly

1967

to

Ju ly

1 9 6 8 ____

7. 5

12. 2

4. 2

5. 1

7. 3

12. 2

6. 3

(?)
(?)
(?)

4. 7

8. 1

6. 9

2. 0

0

____________________

1 9 6 7 ____________________

_

A u g u st

1966

to

Ju ly

A u g u st

1965

to

A u g u st

1 9 6 6 ___________________

A u g u st

1964

to

A u g u st

1 9 6 5 __________________

A u g u st

1963

to

A u g u st

1 9 6 4 ___________________

A u g u st
A u g u st

1962
1961

to
to

A u g u st
A u g u st

1 9 6 3 ___________________
1 9 6 2 ___________________

A u g u st

I960

to

A u g u st

1 9 6 1 ___________________

1

A ll
D ata

do

3

T h is

d e c re a s e




ch a n g es
not

a re

in c re a s e s

m e e t

. 6
3 —3 . 7
3 .9
3. 4

3. 7

3. 9

0

1 .8

3- l . 4

1 .8

3. 0

6. 3

5. 2

3. 5

(?)

3. 0
3. 6

0

2. 5

5. 3

(2 )
2. 6

2. 7

6. 7
2. 1

3. 3

3. 7

6. 3

o th e rw ise

5. 3

(*)

. 7

3. 3

u n le ss

4 .6

2. 2

3. 9

p u b lic a tio n

la rg e ly

U n sk ille d

127. 7

1 9 6 9 _______________________________________________
1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

in

c le ric a l

p e rio d

(m e n

Ju ly
Ju ly

G ro u p s

0

2 .4

5. 2

3. 0

2. 4

1 .6

(2 )
2. 6

2. 8

2. 8

5. 7

3 .'3

3. 5

6. 8

in d ic a te d .

re fle c ts

c rite ria .
ch a n g es

in

e m p lo y m en t

am o n g

e sta b lish m e n ts

w ith

d iffe re n t

pay

lev e ls

ra th e r

th an

w age

d e c re a s e s .

5

A.
Table A-l.

O ccu p ation al E arn in gs

Office Occupations—Men and W omen

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry division

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

*

Average
weekly
hour,1
(standard)

Middle range 2

55

*

60

*

t
65

70

*

75

*

80

% *
85

»

90

95

$

100

t

105

60

OFFICE

ACCOU NTING,

C LA SS

38.5

BOYS --------------------------------------------

81.50

77.50

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1

110

66.00- 74.50

BOO KKEE PING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B ---------------------------------------------------N ON M AN U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------CLERKS,

A C COU NTING,

C L AS S

37.5
37.5

79.50
75.50

80.50
73.50

72.00- 88.00
70.00- 84.00
84 . 0 0 -

A —

132.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C LA SS B —
M A N U F A CT U RI N G ------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G ------------------------

145
85
60

37.0
37.5
37.0

84.50
81.50
88.50

82.50
81.50
85.50

77.50- 92.00
77.00- 85.00
78.00- 99.00

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS C ------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G ------------------------

86
68

38.5
39.0

82.00
83.50

75.50
72.50

50-106.
00-107.

90
79

38.5
38.5

89.50
90.50

90.00
90.50

38.5
38.0
39.5

90.50
85.00
84.00
84.00
98.00 110.50

C LER KS,

K EYPUNCH

OPERATORS,

C LA SS

A —

K EYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C LA SS B —
M A N U F A CT U RI N G -------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G ----------------------------------------------------------------

103.
104.
122.50

79 .50-110.
80 .00- 90.
79 .00-113.

22
9
13

29
24
5

62.50- 76.00

15
150
97
53

GIRLS

78.0078.0097.00-

29
125
69
56

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 -------------------------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O NM A NU F AC T UR I N G ------------------------

OFFICE

42
32
10

76.00- 90.50

ORDER ---------------------------------------

C L E R K S , P AYR OL L ---------------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

38.5 1 0 0 . 0 0
38.5 104.00
92.50
38.0

96.50
99.50
89.00

00-114.
00-117.
50-102.

16
6
10

107.50

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

C LA SS

A -----------------

38.0 1 1 0 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

B -----------------

37.0

109.00 115.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------M A N U F A CT U RI N G -------------------------------

38.5 101.50
38.0 103.00

95.00
97.50

00-116.
50-115.

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L AS S D ----------------M A N U F A CT U RI N G ------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G ------------------------

39.0
39.0
38.5

92.00
96.00
85.00

93.00
96.50
86.50

00-100.
00-104.
00- 94.

S TE N O G R A P H E R S , GEN ER AL ----------------M A NU F AC T UR I N G -------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G ------------------------

38.0
38.0
38.0

84.00
83.00
85.00

81.00
83.00
78.50

00 5050-109.

11
8
3

S TE NO GR A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------M A N U F A CT U RI N G --------------------------------

38.0
38.0

92.00
94.00

88.50
89.50

.50-101.
.50-103.

20
19

See f o o tn o t e s at e nd of t a b le ,




1
4

65.00-101.00

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , M A C H I NE ( B O O K K E E P I N G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------------------

115

$

120

I

125

$

130

i

135

i

140

t

145

i---- $
--150

155

and

$
$
37.5 118.50 117.50 111.00-134.50

A —

110

and
under

SEN
CLERKS,

* $

21
15

20
16
4

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969)
Weekly e mings1
(standard)
Sex, o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
*

Number
of
workers

55

weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

*
60

$

65

$
70

75

$

$
80

s
85

$
90

$
95

$

100

$

105

$

125

$

130

---$
-----$ r

$

135

140

145

150

155

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

-

9
6

19
15

17
17

4
3

3
2

11
10

2
2

1

1

“

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

over

155

C ONTINUED

67
55

39.0
39.0

$
78.50
78.50

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E OPERATORS,
G E N ER AL ----------------------------------------------------------------

27

38.5

80.50

72.50

7 0 .0 0 - 80.00

5

2

13

1

-

-

-

-

-

A --------------------------------------------

39

38.5

94.50

90.00

73.00-114.50

-

-

2

14

-

2

2

-

-

3

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

102
86
16

38.0
38.0
38.5

73.50
71.00
86.50

70.00
69.50
84.00

6 7 .0 0 - 78.00
6 7 .0 0 - 75.50
7 1 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

-

-

6
5
1

45
42
3

18
17
1

13
11
2

9
7
2

1
1
~

3
2
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

CLA SS

$

120

and

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

T Y P IS T S ,

$
115

and
under
60

WOMEN -

I

110

$
77.00
77.00

$
$
7 2 .0 0 - 88.50
7 2 .5 0 - 87.50

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

-

1

2

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

7

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

3

-

—

3

"
1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b by t o t a l i n g t h e e a r n i n g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id i n g b y t h e n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f of t h e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
t h a n t h e r a t e shown ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d by 2 r a t e s of pay; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r of t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n
th e h i g h e r r a t e .
*
May include w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, o c c u p a t i o n , a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

*
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Under
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
85

*
90

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
i
$
i
(
$
$
S
S
$
t
$
$
t
$
$
130
100
120
125
110
95
105
115
155
165
135
140
145
150
160
170
175

and
under

%

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

135

140

145

150

155

5

1

_

_

_

_

4

3
3

12
7

19
13

8

3

'

3

0

8
3

5
2

7
5

19
17

21
19

2
2

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

1
1

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

“

“

3
3

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

130

160

165

170

175

180

MEN

$
I

42
DRA FTSMEN,

CLASS

MA N UF A CT U RI NG
DRAFTSMEN, CLA SS
M A N U FA C TU R IN G

B ----------------------------------------------------------------C --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

$
$
155.50

$

105
78

40.0
40.0

131.00
133.50

133.00
140.00

121.00-144.50
121.50-146.00

-

-

-

-

A

4
2

48
30

40.0
40.0

109.00
110.50

110.50
111.50

103.00-113.50
107.00-113.50

_

i
-

i
i

3
2

13
3

5
5

19
17

1

22
22

39.5
39.5

114.00
114.00

115.50
115.50

102.00-127.00
102.00-127.00

i
i

_

_

4
4

2
2

2
2

2
2

A

~

1
-

-

WOMEN
N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M AN UF A CT U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

4

1
1

-

1
1

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o ot no t e 2, t a b l e A - l .




1
1

rates),

a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W omen Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969)
Average
O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

Weekly Weekly
hours * earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS!

Average
O ccupation and in d u stry division

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

Average
O ccupation and in d u stry division

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------

34
21

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NUFACTURING -----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------

52
20
32

37.0

OFFICE BOYS AND GI R L S --------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

33
18
15

38.0
38.0
38.5

$
75.00
69.00
83.00

37.5
37.5

79.00
75.50

SECRETARIES 2
--------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

151
97
54

38.5
38.5
38.5

100.00
104.00
93.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------

20

38.0

110.00

21

37.0

109.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------

42
31

38.5
38.0

101.50
103.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

65
41
24

39.0
39.0
38.5

92.00
96.00
85.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------

42

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MA NU FACTURING ----------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

82
41
41

38.0
38.0
38.0

84.00
83.00
85.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FACTURING -----------------------------------

107
79

40.0
40.0

131.00
133.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------

82
70

38.0
38.0

92.00
94.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------

52
34

40.0
40.0

107.00
107.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

22
22

39.5
39.5

114.00
114.00

38.5
39.5
38.0

112.50
107.00
116.00

156
89
67

37.5
37.5
37.0

85.50
82.00
90.50

90
70

38.5
39.0

82.50
84.50

124

37.5

85.50

92
80

38.5
38.5

90.00
90.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A

29

38.5

108.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

125
69
56

38.5
38.0
39.5

90.50
84.00
98.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ~
CLERKS, ORDER
CLERKS, PAYROLL MANUFACTURING

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

67
55

$
78.50
78.50

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------

27

38.5

80.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

43
26

38.5
38.0

96.50
87.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

103
86
17

38.0
38.0
38.5

73.50
71.00
86.50

152.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 M ay include w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a ra te ly .




39.0
39.0

o
o

20

$
75.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------

and the e a rnings

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969)
Hourly earnings 1

workers

Mean2 Median ^

Middle range 2

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------

17

$
3.30

$
3.26

$
$
3.05- 3.55

“

~

“

“

1

2

1

1

“

7

“

1

ELECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

89
83

3.40
3.34

3.27
3.26

3.08- 3.39
3.07- 3.37

_
“

_
“

_
“

-

-

_
“

1

13
13

11
11

6
6

21
21

17
17

2
2

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

91
91

3.38
3.38

3.33
3.33

3.23- 3.53
3.23- 3.53

-

”

“

-

-

_

“

1
1

_

16
16

20
20

27
27

-

_

_
~
“

3
3
3

_

3

_

3
~

_

_
-

3.60 3.70

MECHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

80
69
56

3.60
3.66
3.71

4.01
4.02
4.03

3.13- 4.06
3.72- 4.06
3.96- 4.07

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

148
138

3.33
3.34

3.25
3.25

OILERS --------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

30
30

2.67
2.67

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

201
201

3.75
3*75

~

“

3
3
“

10
10
10

_
“

3.21- 3.29
3.22- 3.29

-

-

-

“

-

1
1

-

-

15
15

9
1

100
100

1

_
“

2.72
2.72

2.49- 2.78
2.49- 2.78

2
2

4
4

2
2

“

5
5

13
13

-

2
2

-

“

“

“

“

3.66
3.66

3.54- 3.87
3 .5 4 - 3.87

9

-

16
16

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n of t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m unica tion, and o th er public u tilitie s .




4

9

U
J
C
D
o

O ccupation and in d u stry division

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
1 ------- i —
s
s
$
*
i
*
*
$
3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4. 20 4.40 4.60 4.80

S
s
$
$
$
$
*
*
*
$
$
$
Under 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
$
and
2. 30 under

3.90 4,00 4.20 4. 40 4.60 4.80 5.00

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

2
2

1
1

_

_

5

-

4
4

_

-

2
2

-

4
4

-

15
15

3
3

_

_

9
9

_

_

-

-

2
2
2

41
41
41

_

-

-

_

■
10
10

_

14
14

1

-

-

_

_

65
65

18
18

_

61
61

1

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

-

8
8

5
5

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

18
18

_

1
1

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969)
N u m b e r of workers re ceiving straight-time hourly earnings of-

Hourly earnings2

S
$
t
*
$
t
$
%
$
i
s
$
1.60 1.70 1. 80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2 .40 2.50 2.60 2.70

Mean3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANU FA CT UR IN G NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

9a
72
21

$
2.13
2.17
1.98

GUARDS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -

36

2.53

Median3

Middle range3

$
2.06
2.14
1.79

$
1.751.781.66-

$
2.56
2.56
2.15

2.56

2.52- 2.62

$
*
i
i
$
$
$
%
*
$
2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20

1.70 1.80 _L, S S L 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2 .50 2.60 2.70 2.8C

O c c u p a t i o n 1 an d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

Number
of
wrcr
oies

2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40

Under
$
and
i .60 under

3
3
-

16
12
4

4
1
3

6
4
2

9
9
“

4
4
~

1
1
~

2
1
1

-

-

13
9
4

-

-

1

2

1

1

-

58
55
3
2

22
20
2
”

55
52
3
“

WATCHMEN:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

36

1.82

1.78

1.70- 2.02

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-----------

355
265
90
22

2.19
2.21
2.14
2.71

2.23
2.25
1.94
2.79

1.791.871.762.69-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN! -------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

54
22
32

1.69
1.92
1.53

1.68
1.95
1.64

1.63- 1.93
1.79- 2.08
1.61- 1.68

LABORERS, MATE RI AL HAND LI NG --MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 4-----------

480
222
258
141

2.79
2.28
3.23
3.80

2.50
2.28
3.81
3.85

2.232.202.693.82-

ORDER

FILLERS -------------------

280

2.58

2.38

2.33- 3.12

3

2

PACKERS, SH IPPING --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

211
200

2.36
2.39

2.42
2.43

1.94- 2.81
2.03- 2.82

4
2

2.45
2.44
2.74
3.03

3.81
2.47
3.85
3.87

-

22
22

5
5

-

~

5

-

4
3
1
~

13
11
2
2

11
5
6
6

22

57
7

12

1

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
14
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

136

2

30
22
8
”

50
41
9
2

21
5
16
“

14
5
9

13
9
4

23
23

25
2
23

5
4
1

3
3

5
5
“

4
4
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

1

18
4
14

9
“

-

4

9
9

4

4
4
“

28
28

4
1
3

21
1
20
“

8
2
6
-

21
17
4
-

74
70
4
-

22
19
3
-

46
38
8
5

7
6
1
-

15
13
2
-

10
10
-

4
-

-

4

7

6

6

149

~

-

-

-

-

6
6

38
29

12
12

4
4

2
2

4
4

24
24

54
54

_

3
3

_

“

-

60
60

“

-

“

-

~

2

1

7

7

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

7
7

7
-

4

9
9

4

46

1

-

-

-

4

3
-

4
4

-

-

_

_

-

-

13

46
~

3
-

-

-

136
136

-

-

87

3

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

3

_

_

1

_

_

PACKERS, SH IPPING (WOMEN) ------

82

2.22

2.17

1.95- 2.47

-

2

6

25

5

5

-

-

29

-

6

2

-

2

RECE IV IN G CLERKS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------

61
45
16

2.46
2.36
2.74

2.45
2.44
2.68

2.33- 2.56
2.28- 2.50
2.35- 3.13

_

_

2
2

1
1
-

6
6
-

1
1

3
3
-

8
2
6

21
21
-

7
7
-

3
1
2

1

4
2
2

_

-

-

3

-

-

1

"

-

SH IPPING CL ER KS -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

76
69

2.67
2.63

2.81
2.81

2.44- 2.87
2.43- 2.86

_

_

4
4

5
5

3
3

19
18

1
-

3
3

34
33

2
2

_

2
1

1
-

_

_

_

-

2
-

-

-

-

SH IPPING AND RE CEIVING CLERKS —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

44
31

2.42
2.37

2.45
2.43

1.95- 3.08
1.97- 2.65

3
3

1
1

_

3
3

5
5

2
2

_

1
1

1
1

3
3

6
-

1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

TRUC KD RI VE RS 6 -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-----------

567
53
514
207

3.39
3.10
3.43
3.95

3.56
2.69
3.57
3.96

2.912.423.383.93-

7
6
1

-

11
11

7
3
4
2

3
2
1
“

4
4

_

_

1

143

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

193
193
11

143
143

65
15
50
50

-

1

-

-

-

15

5

4
4

3

9
9

_

9

_

_

-

-

“

3.95
4.15
3.95
4.00

“

-

_

_

_

3

“
-

-

-

4
4

11
11

_

“

3

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

-

100
1
99

-

TR UCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -------------------

40

3.43

3.70

2.91- 4.17

-

4

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------

238
197
41

2.79
2.75
2.97

2.68
2.68
3.03

2.60- 2.90
2.62- 2.87
2.36- 3.28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

23
4
19

28
28

1
2
3
4
5
6

‘

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er public u tilitie s.
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 . 1 0 to $ 1 . 2 0 .
Includes all d r i v e r s , a s d e fined, r e g a r d l e s s of s iz e and type of tr u c k o p e ra te d .




'

"

-

-

'

76
76

"

-

1
_

-

-

~
4
-

"

48
48
“

1
1

20
2
18
“

“

10
33
27
6

-

3

_
-

-

-

9

5
5
-

“




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f i n c l a s s i f y i n g i n to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e of th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
I n a p p ly i n g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n t s , b i ll s , a n d in v o ic e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h i n e (M o o n H o p k i n s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a ti o n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p i n g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l l y i n v o lv e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f t h e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o f te n d o n e o n a f a n f o ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c la s s if i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c la s s if i c a t io n s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f ile s a n d f o rw a rd s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f il l o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c le r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ire d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v ic e f ile s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e rs o n a lly .
D u t i e s in v o lv e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t lis tin g th e ite m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n titie s of ite m s on o r d e r
s h e e t; a n d d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c ti v e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e f ille d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r tm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g of c u s to m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s t o s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p i n g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e i n b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of t h e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s t h e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n t h e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s i n v o lv e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s ti n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , tim e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g u p a n d d is tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

C la s s B. K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e of b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

C O M PTO M ETER OPERA TO R

A C C O U N T IN G

P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h i s
jo b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w i t h t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , i n w h i c h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h i n e i s i n c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u tie s .

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c ti o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b il it y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o o n e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s ti n g a n d b a l a n c i n g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m i n in g a n d c o d in g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e rs w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e i n m a k i n g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .

KEYPU NCH O PER A TO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t , in a d d i t i o n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k il ls a n d th e m a k in g of s o m e d e te r m i n a ti o n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a te s o n th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e ite m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x tr a c ts in f o r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m i n e i n f o r m a t i o n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r s .

C la s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su c h
a s p o s ti n g i i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n ts ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s id i a r y l e d g e r s c o n tr o lle d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s ti n g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h i s jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d i n o f f i c e s in w h i c h t h e m o r e r o u t i n e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d iv i d e d o n a f u n c t i o n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n ta i n in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te ria l su ch a s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s i n c o n ju n c t io n
a ll g ro u p of lo w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .

C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , a n d f il e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s “ o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te ria l.
M ay p e r f o r m r e la te d c le r ic a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e f ile s .

B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y of f ig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
a n d s ta n d a r d ty p e s of s a le s a n d c r e d i t s li p s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f il e s , c la s s if i e s a n d in d e x e s file
m e n ts , e tc . M ay a ls o file th is
w ith t h e f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m

11

12
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d
C la s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . M ay v e r if y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d i n d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t i o n ,
e tc ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , i n a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n i n v o lv i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SEC RETA RY
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d i v i d u a l . M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h i g h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tl y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e .
P e rfo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s t h e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
to t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c le r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d iff ic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a te d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
N o t a ll p o s itio n s th a t a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
of p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
t h e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s : (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s i n w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e t h a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h e d e f i n i ti o n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d i n t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o ll o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s n o t
i n a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g ., a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly i n g t h e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A

a l l,

a . S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n t h e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

th e c o r p o r a te o f fic e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a l l,

a . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e c h a ir m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ) 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y is n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c if ic l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o rd in a te s ta f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v id e d i n t o o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f te n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv i d e d . I n s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l i n c l u d e s
a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; i n o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c to r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d of a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l u n it ( e .g ., f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta f f s p e c ia lis t, p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f fic e r , o r a s s i s ta n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E ;
M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOG RA PHER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u t y i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y . M ay m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a ti v e ly
ro u tin e c le r ic a l ta s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h i c p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b in g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S ee tr a n s c r i b in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .)

STEN O G RA PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h f r o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M ay a ls o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y t h a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y t h e f o ll o w i n g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h i g h d e g r e e o f
s te n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d of th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h i s k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a i n t a i n i n g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t i n g in c o m i n g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e rin g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b in g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt i p le - p o s it io n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u ll t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s ig n m e n t . ( " F u ll" t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d il y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r i n t e r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te f o r c a l l s .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt i p le - p o s it io n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e . (" L im ite d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d il y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

13
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

I n a d d i t i o n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c le r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t of r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h i s ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r 's t i m e w h i l e a t
s w itc h b o a r d .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y in c l u d e s i m p l e
w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f i l i n g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k
u n i t , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r i e ty of ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
in c l u d i n g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s t h e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith o u t c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , an d p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h o f te n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p l a n n i n g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e d i n t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s io n of th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g ro u p of ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iff ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to t h e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h i s w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c if ic i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u l a t i o n s in v o lv i n g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t i n g s tu d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s a n d s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly of a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u re s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o i n c l u d e t h e t r a i n i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c
o p e ra tio n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c l u d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m i n g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l i n f i n a l f o r m w h e n i t
i n v o lv e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t i o n , e t c . , of t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n i n g l a y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y ty p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

DRA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s th a t d iff e r s ig n if ic a n tly f ro m e s ta b lis h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig i n a to r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e
e ff e c t of e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e ta ils of f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s ta n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f ts m e n .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u ti n e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t h a t r e q u i r e t h e a p p l i ­
c a t i o n o f m o s t o f t h e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i ld i n g in c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , flo o r p la n s , a n d r o o f. U s e s a c c e p te d f o r m u la s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a ti o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d r a w in g s of s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e tr i c p r o je c tio n s
( d e p i c ti n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f

c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f ro m a n u m b e r of s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w i t h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h e n a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r i n g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s
n o t in c lu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it i v e d ra w in g s of e a s i l y v is u a liz e d i te m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U RSE,

W o rk is

c lo s e ly s u p e rv is e d

IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e U n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d i r e c ti o n to ill o r
in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s w ho b e c o m e
i ll o r s u ff e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s of a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o lv e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d i n g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts a n d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o lv i n g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p l a n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c ti v it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lf a r e , a n d s a f e ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CA RPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u i ld i n g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r *s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r th e w o rk .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

14
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty of e le c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e e le c t r i c ia n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

t h e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a li n i n g w h e e l s ,
a d ju s tin g b r a k e s a n d lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts .
I n g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u to m o t iv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a i n t a i n s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e t h e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a ti o n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k i n v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila tin g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k i n g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n of m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a ls o s u ­
p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s ta t io n a r y b o i le r s to f u r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t i n r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in t h e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k il l, s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d to o ls ;
c l e a n i n g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s o r
to o ls ; a n d p e rf o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n ­
f in e d t o s u p p ly i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o th e r s h e is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r t s of a tr a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e rf o r m e d b y w o rk e rs on a f u ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e ra tio n of one o r m o r e ty p e s of m a c h in e to o ls , s u c h a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , i n t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g re e of a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e ty o f p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c tin g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , a n d o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a tio n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u tt i n g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , i n t o o l a n d d i e jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r i tt e n i n s tr u c tio n s a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t of w o rk ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h i n in g ; k n o w le d g e o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f t h e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
I n g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t in v o lv e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o l s a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d j u s t i n g v a lv e s '; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l i n g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y in v o lv e t h e u s e
o f h a n d to o l s i n s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f t h e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c if ic a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u t i e s in v o lv e s e t t i n g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p l a n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t of th e w o rk ; i n te r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o l s a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i n i n g a n d b a l a n c i n g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
I n g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d fix tu re s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o l v e s t h e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a i n t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t ty o r f i l l e r
i n n a i l h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly i n g p a in t w i t h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h i t e l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s of p ip e a n d p ip e f ittin g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a te p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt i n g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t l e n g t h s w i t h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p i p e w i t h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w i t h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f itte r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u i ld i n g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s t h e p l u m b i n g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n g o o d o r d e r . W o rk i n v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
of s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a ll a ti o n of v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s te m ; in s ta llin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w i t h a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . I n
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n tila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts ,
m e ta l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g
o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , ox o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e ttin g u p a n d o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of

15
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R ----C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o l s in c u t t i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t
tra in in g an d e x p e rie n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d i n g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g of
m a c h i n e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f ittin g a n d a s s e m b lin g of p a r t s to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s a n d a llo w a n c e s ; a n d s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ’s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s, jig s , fix tu re s o r d ie s fo r fo rg in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n i n g a n d
la y in g o u t of w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r i tt e n s p e c if ic a tio n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s i n

t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a te
an d c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d ille g a l e n try .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

p e rio d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty a g a in s t f ir e ,

OR CLEAN ER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts of m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p i n g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r ta tio n , a n d r a te ; a n d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f t h e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p i n g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t i n p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s a n d r e je c tin g
d a m a g e d g o o d s; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d file s .

(S w e e p e r; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n itr e s s )
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s i n a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : S w e e p i n g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s ti n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r tr i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e i n w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

c le rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s ta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L o a d i n g a n d u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

R e c e iv i n g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w o rk e rs a re

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s of e s ta b lis h m e n ts s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e le c to r ; w a r e h o u s e

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p i n g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a tio n s on s a le s s li p s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d i n d i c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s itio n a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a te d d u tie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n of s iz e s l is te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l ig h t ( u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( 1 1 t o a n d in c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
/2
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,

POW ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m i n s h ip p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n t h e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c i n g of i t e m s i n s h ip p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k i n o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n te n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s i n c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly i n g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g
d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a te s a
tra n s p o rt goods and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o ll o w s :
T ru c k er,
T ru c k er,

p o w e r ( f o r k li f t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo rk lif t)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t---T h e n in th a n n u a l r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys,
c h e m is t s , e n g in e e rs , en gin eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts,
d ir e c t o r s of p e rs o n n e l, m a n a g e rs of o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1 61 7 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 19681 S e v e n t y -fiv e
cen ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c te d at th e
r e q u e s t of th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of th e D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of t h e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
th e in sid e f ro n t c o v e r.

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1__________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________
A l l e n t o w r r - B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 -----A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 19 6 9 1_____
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 ______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a , , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _____________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , M a r . 19 6 9 1 _________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O c t . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1968______—_______ _ _ _ __________ ____
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1---------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1-------------------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 19 6 9 1 -----------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s ., S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ™ —------- H
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 -----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 -------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 —_______ - _______________ _
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------------------M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------

l

B u lletin n u m b e r
and p r ic e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1625-8,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1625-79,
1660-2,

30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

D a ta o n e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s a re a lso p re s e n te d .




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 19 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
N o rfo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 _________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 19 6 9 1 _________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffice o c c u p a tio n s only),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 6 9 1__________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________
S an B e rn a r d in o — iv e r s id ^ - O n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 _______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
T a m p a—S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 1_______________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
U t i c a r - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____ —______________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 __________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ___________________
W

B u lletin n u m b er
and p ric e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30
40
30
35
60

cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1625-76,

30
30
35
35
50
30
35
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
c en ts
cents
cen ts

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30
30
50
30
35

c en ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1625-23,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1 6 6 0 - 1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
30
35
30
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G TO N , D .C .
O F FIC IA L




20212

BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

I
----------------------------------- 1

I F IR S T CLASS M A IL I

I_________________________________________l