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The Scranton, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area
July 19 6 8

Bulletin No. 1625-12




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Buildin?
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Scranton, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area




Ju ly 1 9 6 8

B u lle tin N o. 1 6 2 5 -1 2
December 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f an n u a l
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a t a on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d • S t a t e s . A m a jo r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a ro u n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle t in i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of th e m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s
s tu d ie d in to on e b u lle tin . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a tio n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lit a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s a n d th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .

W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s:
1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s tu d ie d _________ __________________________________________ ___
2 . In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
A.

A -4 .
A -5 .
B.




O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m e n an d w o m e n ._________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n an d
A -3 .

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
S c r a n t o n , P a . , in J u l y 1 9 6 8 .
T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L a c k a w a n n a C o u n ty .
T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e
in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f I r v in
F e ig e n b a u m , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s .

5

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d _________________
M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s ___ __ ______________
C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — ________ _

6
7

9
10
10

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e
B -2 .
B -3 .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ______________________________________

B -5 .
B -6 .
B -7.

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________ 16
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p l a n s _______________________
19
M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n an d f r e q u e n c y o f p a y m e n t __ 20

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r o t h e r
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n in g s in th e S c r a n t o n a r e a
i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d fo o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a tio n s
( J u l y 1 9 6 8 ). U n ion s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y
l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t io n ; p r in t in g ;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; an d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , an d a l l i e d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii

4

13
14

21




Area Wage Survey---The Scranton, Pa., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s }
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
se r v ic e s.
M a jo r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it te d b e c a u s e th e y te n d to f u r n i s h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a tip n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c lu s io n . S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , an d
la t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e . e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s an d in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a t e s . I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d jo b
s t a ff in g a n d , t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n tr ib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a llo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t; an d (4) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of in te r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a t a fo llo w in g
th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u gh
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y an d n ot th e n u m b e r
a c tu a lly su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n t a r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S, De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a tio n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s a s th e y
r e l a t e to p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t il i z e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e

2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e f u n c tio n s .
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s an d r o u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b ut in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , an d th e p r o b a b i li t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b le i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m an d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l im it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h is in fo r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e rh p lo y m e n t, an d (2) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t th e t im e o f the
su rv ey .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no am o u n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (ta b le B - 3 ) of a m a jo r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f the p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p l a n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 th r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
r o u n d in g .
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r itt e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m . H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o th e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t

p a r t of th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le an d h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le an d h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s . It i s n ot in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th a n a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s an d
t h o s e w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a ta on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s (t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u c h p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y an d t h o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if th e m a jo r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a jo r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n tr ib u te t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
Le­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t ty p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n fo r m a tio n i s
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H ow ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k an d N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d te m p o ra ry d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 3 p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly if th e e m p lo y e r (1) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d the
r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l im it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f th e
w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y
an d no w a itin g p e r i o d , an d (2) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e ith e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w hich a r e d e sig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s and in ju r y in volvin g e x p e n s e s beyon d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p ita liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p ay m en t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in su r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be p aid fo r by the e m p lo y e r out of a fund se t a s id e fo r th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s of r e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d to th o se p la n s
th at p ro v id e r e g u la r p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r of the w o r k e r 's life .
M ethod of w age d e te r m in a tio n (tab le B -7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s ic
ty p e s of r a te s tr u c tu r e fo r w o r k e r s p a id u n der v a r io u s tim e and in ­
ce n tiv e s y s t e m s . U n der a sin g le r a te s tr u c tu r e the s a m e r a te i s paid
to a ll e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s in the s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . An in d iv id ­
u al w o rk e r o c c a sio n a lly - m a y be p aid ab o v e o r below the sin g le \ r a te




fo r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n ts a r e e x c e p tio n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d /o r m a x im u m r a te p a id e x p e r i ­
e n ced w o r k e r s fo r the s a m e jo b . In fo rm a tio n a l s o i s p r o v id e d on the
m eth od of p r o g r e s s i o n th ro u gh the r a n g e . In the a b s e n c e of a fo r m a l
r a te s t r u c t u r e , the q u a lific a t io n s of the in d iv id u al w o rk e r d e te r m in e
the p ay r a te . In fo rm a tio n on ty p e s of in c en tiv e p la n s is p r o v id e d only
fo r p lan t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the low in c id e n c e of su ch p la n s fo r o ffic e
w o r k e r s . U n der a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te i s p a id
fo r e a c h unit of output. P r o d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e b a s e d on p ro d u c tio n
o v e r a qu o ta o r c o m p le tio n of a jo b in l e s s than s ta n d a r d tim e .
C om ­
p e n sa tio n on a c o m m is s io n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n ts b a s e d on a
p e r c e n ta g e of v a lu e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in atio n of a s ta te d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n ta g e .
D a ta
ta b le B - 7 .

on fre q u e n c y

of w age

p ay m en t a l s o

are

p r o v id e d

in

4

T a b le 1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in S c r a n t o n , P a . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 J u l y 1968
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

A ll d i v i s i o n s ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ _____
______ . ____ __ N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
_ _____ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____
- __ — „ ______
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8______ __ _ __ -

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

P ercen t

O ffic e
T o t a l4

.

236

98

4 1 ,6 0 0

100

3 3 ,'2 0 0

4 , 100

2 5 ,8 1 0

50
-

172
64

57
41

3 1 ,8 0 0
9 , 800

76
24

2 6 ,8 0 0
6 ,4 0 0

2 ,2 0 0
1 ,9 0 0

1 7 ,8 6 0
7 ,9 5 0

50
50
50
50
50

16
11
21
5
11

14
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11
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2 , 800
1 ,2 0 0
3 ,9 0 0
900
1 ,0 0 0

7
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9
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3

1, 700
(6)
(6)
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600
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2 ,6 5 0
700
3 , 070
790
740

1 T h e S c r a n t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L a c k a w a n n a C o u n ty . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d "n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
of
d a ta
f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e
e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s
no t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) th e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t io n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e S c r a n t o n a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

A p p a r e l a n d o th e r t e x t il e
p r o d u c t s _________________________ 31
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s __________________________ 12
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g __________ 10
T e x t il e m i l l p r o d u c t s __—___ — 9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----7
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l —
5
O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s _____
5

W om en ’ s an d m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r _____________________ 12
M e n 's a n d b o y s ' f u r n i s h i n g s __ 11
E l e c t r o n i c c o m p o n e n ts a n d
7
a c c e s s o r i e s ___________________
5
5
Y a r n a n d t h r e a d m i l l s _________

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a i e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r io d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e tw e e n J u l y I9 6 0 an d Ju n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t in g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y ie l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r io d to the
d a te o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e i n d ic a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w ag e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , an d
la te s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a ll y im p o r ta n t j o b s w ith in
each grou p.
L i m it a t i o n s o f D a ta

M eth o d o f C o m p u tin g
The in d e x e s an d p e r c e n ta g e s of ch a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y: (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b , an d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d if fe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w ag e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e iv a b le
th a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s ta n t, y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d Icey o c c u p a tio n s w ith in a n o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t
in the o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p .
T h e s e c o n s ta n t w e ig h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n ts w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t ip l ie d b y th e o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t io n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
f o r the fo llo w in g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Machinists
Stenographers, general
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m in a t e s the e f fe c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p ay
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h ere n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b le 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r ly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G r o u p s
in S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 a n d J u l y 1 9 6 7 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f C h a n g e 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In d exes
(A u g u s t 1960= 100)

P e r c e n ts o f ch an ge 1

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
J u l y 1968

J u l y 1967

J u l y 1967
to
J u l y 1968

A u g u s t 1966
to
J u l y 1967

A u g u s t 1965
to
A u g u s t 1966

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n )
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k il l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l le d p la n t (m e n ) ..................... _ .......

127. 7
145. 7
1 2 9 .4
1 3 9 .4

118. 8
129. 8
124. 1
1 3 2 .6

7 .5
12 . 2
4 .2
5. 1

6. 3
(3)
4. 7
8. 1

0 .6
( 3)
2 .0
0

2 -3. 7
(3)
2. 2
.7

M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n )
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k il l e d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
.......
U n s k i l le d p la n t (m e n ) .. . _

140. 2
1 4 5 .:?
1 2 7 .&
1 3 5 .7

1 3 0 .6
1 2 9 .8
122. 1
128. 8

7 .3
12 . 2
4 .6
5 .3

6 .9
( 3)
3. 7
3 .9

2 .5
( 3)
1 .8
2 - 1 .4

1 .8
( 3)
3 .0
6 .3

A u g u s t 1963
to
A u g u s t 1964

A u g u s t 1962
to
A u g u s t 1963

A u g u s t 1961
to
A u g u s t 1962

3 .9
( 3)
3 .0
5. 2

3 .4
( 3)
3 .6
6. 7

3. 3
2 .6
2. 7
2. 1

3 .9
3. 3
3. 7
6. 3

3 .5
( 3)
2 .4
5 .2

5. 3
( 3)
3 .0
2 .4

1 .6
2 .6
2 .8
2 .8

5. 7
3. 3
3 .5
6 .8

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) _
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k il l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ________ __
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) __________________ —
M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k il l e d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) ___
___ __ __

_______
______

- ..
_

. ________ _

_ ..

—

_ _

A u g u s t 1964
to
A u g u s t 1965

A u g u s t I9 6 0
to
A u g u s t 1961

1 A ll c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
2 T h i s d e c r e a s e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p lo y m e n t a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s r a t h e r th a n w a g e d e c r e a s e s .
3 D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .




7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Numb e r

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Avang*
weekly
hours1
( standard)

*
55
M ean 2

M e di an 2

Mi ddl e range 2

S

*

$

$

$

$

*

S

%

S

$

S

%

S

*

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

65

7Q

75

80

8?

90

95

10Q

105

110

115

120

1^5

130

1

1

9

1

1

2

1

2

4

“

1

4

8

2

-

“

130

1 ---------1 --------- i
135
140
145

1 -----150

and
under
60

I4p

155

MEN
CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A --------

19

3 8 .5

$
1 0 8 .0 0

$
1 0 4 .0 0

$
$
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------

22

3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0

7 4 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 -

8 6 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE IBO OK KE EP IN G
MACHINE) -----------------------------

20

3 7 .0

7 4 .0 0

7 1 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 -

7 5 .0 0

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

52
41

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 2 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

6 9 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

6 3 .0 0 -

7 9 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 -

7 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------

34

3 9 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0

“

“

“

1

*

&

5

3

1

4

1

1

3

4

8

-

i

-

-

2

21
19

6
6

8
a

6
2

3
2

5
3

2
1

1

-

8 3 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

-

-

3

-

3

4

-

3

-

8 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

_

“

“

WOMEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

139
87

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

52

7 8 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

3 7 .5

8 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

8 0 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

CLERKS, FILE, CL AS S B ---------------

21

3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0

7 1 .5 0

6 5 .5 0 -

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

102
79

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

7 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------

89

3 7 .5

7 9 .0 0

7 7 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 -

8 3 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

82
68

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

8 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 7 8 .0 0 -

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS o -------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

123
72

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

8 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

S E CR ET AR IE S3--------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

145
95
50

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------

18

3 8 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------

18

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

40

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUFACTURI N G -----------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




30
66

8

-

8

-

-

5

8

13

8 3 .5 0

-

5

5

3

6 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
6 2 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

5
4

36
31

10
2

6
2

6

7

7

7

37

5

5

-

6
4

1
1

10
5

12
12

13
10

11
11

7 3 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 8 5 .5 0

_

4

16

8

i

-

32

20

12

15
14

9

3

8
5

30

-

9

8

i

-

-

“

9 3 .5 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

-

6

13

18

14

24

8

8

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

-

2
4

2
11

11
5
6

14

9 6 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

1
1

8
6

15
3

10
4

21
3

4
4

1 0 4 .5 0

9 9 .5 0

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

-

i

-

-

-

-

4

5

3 7 .0

1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

-

-

-

4

-

-

1

1

1

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 8 .5 0

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

_

i

1

6

4

5

1

6

8 6 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

-

1
1

i

-

2

3

5

1

6

5

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
9

1

_

_

30
30

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

11

19
17

6
4

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
1

4
2
2

7
4
3

4
2
2

3
3

2
2

~

2

-

1

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

3

1

1

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

2

2

1

-

1

2

l

“

1

1
1

1

2

2
1

3

1

-

1
1

1

12

3

-

-

-

2

3
3

-

9

-

-

3

l

-

_

4

8

5

-

-

1

2

3

10
5

12
10

8
6

8 1 .5 0

-

~

3

6

2

5

2

2

8 0 .5 0

8 1 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

8 7 .0 0

-

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 8 5 .0 0
6 6 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

10
1

-

9

79

3 8 .5

38

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9

9

9

19

11

-

4
5

9

15

9

-

4

2

9

-

3
1

9 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

3 8 .5

-

-

9 6 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

-

8
3
5

8 0 .0 0 -

9 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

1

16
12
4

8 5 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 -

8 7 .0 0

42
24

41

2
2

31
18

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3

3

35
27

1 0 0 .0 0

6

1
_

13
8

-

9
6

i

3
3

“

14
8

i

1

1

1

-

9

1

1

1

-

9

~

~

“

-

4
4

1
l

2
2

1

-

*

1
“

1
1

-

1

-

-

“

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f —
$

S

*

55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

»

$

$

s

$

t

$

$

*

$

*

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

7 0 ___ I S .

80

85

9 0 — -9 5

100

105

1 1 0 — 11-?-.

10
4

18
13

11
10

8
8

6
4

13
10

7
7

9
9

—

—
-

—

-

8
5

14
12

6
5

3
3

3

2
1

1

_

_

_

2

60

65

65

70

110

$

t

$

115

120

125

130

120

125

130

135

$

$

135

*

140

145

150

1 *5

1 5 fl

155.

—

and
u n d er
60

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI OR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

85
68

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

$
8 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

$

8 2 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

$
7 3 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

$

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R - R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

57
64

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6 4 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 -

7 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

“

—

9 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
-

19
16

—

—

2
2

—
-

1
1

—
-

-

1

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -------------------------------

24

3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0

7 4 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0

-

2

3

10

3

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

2

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------

35

3 8 .0

8 6 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0

-

-

6

12

1

4

2

-

-

-

3

4

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

105
91

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

6 9 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

6 5 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 -

7 6 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

1

22
20

40
39

15
12

8
8

4
2

4
3

1

-

5
5

2
2

3

* S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r 's t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e
m o r e th an th e r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than th e r a t e sh ow n.
T h e m id d le r a n g e i s d e fin e d by Z r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a rn
m o r e th an th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv is io n , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1968)
W eekly e a r n in g s
(standard )

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of
w otkers

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
standard)

1
T.

$

,

Under

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$
85

$
90

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—
t
%
S
$
s
$
%
*
$
150
95
100
105
110
145
130
135
140
120
125
115

S

i

t

{ ~-

155

160

165

170

160

1 65

170

175

and
under

85

90

95

no

115

“

5

i

14
5

100

105

“

-

4
4

6
3

-

9

15
15

2
2

1 35

140.

150

125

130

1

-

1

7

7

24
17

4
3

17
15

15
13

21
17

4
4

3
3

-

3

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

120

145

155

MEN
40

4 0 .0

$
1 46.50

$
1 4 9 .5 0

$
$
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B -------------------MAN UFACTURING-----------------------------------

113
84

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12 3 .5 0
1 2 6.50

1 2 6 .0 0
12 8 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

46
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 3 .5 0
104.50

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

23
23

3 9.5
3 9 .5

110.00
110.00

1 1 0 .0 0
110 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

CL AS S

A

--------------------

_

-

-

-

-

i
i

2
2

6
1

6

8
7

i

-

3
3

2
2

4
4

_

-

-

8

5

2

3

1

_

_

_

_

._

~

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

1
1

-

'

-

.

WOMEN
N U R S E S , IN DUS TR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MAN UFACTURING ----------------------------------

i

5

5

1
1

1
1

-

‘

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
^
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eek ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , S c ra n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

A ve rage

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS

O ccu p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

3 7 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS 8 -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

53
42

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

28

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

150
97
53

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

8 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

C L A S S B -------------------------

21

3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

106
81

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES,

C L E R K S , ORDER ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

100

75

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

84
69
15

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------CLERKS,

FILE,

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----MANUFACTURING---NONMANUFACTURING

*

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

-

----------------

O FF IC E BOYS AND G I R L S ---------------------------------

53
25

n A N U t- A L 1 U K l M b

——— ——————————————

NONMANUFACTURING

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

C LA SS B

O
o

20

ft-

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------

N um ber
of
w orker*

-----------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

A ve rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS -

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

I

5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O PE R A T O R - R EC EP T I O N IS T S-

34
17
17

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

18

3 8 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES,

C LA SS

A

----------------------------

SECRETARIES,

C LA SS

B

----------------------------

18

3 7 .0

1 0 3 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

41
30

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

66
42
24

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

79
38
41

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IO R ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

85
68

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

57

24

3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0

3 8 .0

8 8 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

106
91
15

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

CL AS S A

PRO FESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN,

C LA SS D -----------------------

$

44

40

TY PISTS,

9 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

W eekly
earn in gs *
(standard)

------------------------------------------

6 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

CONTINUED

123
72

95
51

N um ber
of

CL AS S A ------------------------------

40
116

*
O
O

A ve rage
N um ber
of
w orkers

1 4 6 .5 0

4 0 . 0 1 2 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

50
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

N U R S E S , IN DUSTR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

23
23

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , S c ra n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
t

U nder 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 9 0
$
and
2 . 2 0 u n d er

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

2 .3 0 2 .9 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0

$

$

3 .1 1
3 .1 0

2 .8 8 2 .8 7 -

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

3 .2 6
3 .2 6

3 .2 1
3 .2 1

3 . 1 9 - 3 .9 2
3 . 1 9 - 3 .9 2

MECHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S3 ---

3 .9 1
3 .9 6
3 .5 1

3 .8 1
3 .8 2
3 .8 2

2 .8 5 2 .9 5 3 .2 7 -

3 .1 9
3 . 18

3 .0 7
3 .0 7

3 . 0 2 - 3 .1 7
3 .0 2 - 3 .1 6

2 .5 5
2 .5 5

2 .6 2
2 .6 2

2 .3 9 - 2 .6 9
2 .3 9 - 2 .6 9

3 .5 8
3 .5 8

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 .9 3 3 .9 3 -

3 .2 2
3 .1 6

EL ECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE
MANUF A C T U R I N 3 ---------

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

138
128

OILERS --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------TOOL AND Dll M A K E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

207
207

2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0

23
22

3 .2 3
3 .1 9

2 .9 0

3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

3 .9 0

3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0 3 .7 0

3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .9 0

15
15

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s ,
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

and la te s h if ts .

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv isio n , S c ra n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




15
15
39
39

3 .8 6
3 .8 6
3 .8 6

S

%

3 .8 0 3 .9 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .9 0 9 .6 0 9 .8 0

29
29
39
39

t

3 .9 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .9 0 9 .6 0

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , S c ra n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of-

H ourly e a m in gs 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

M e an 3

%

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge 3

TTnder
^
U
S
and
1 . 5 0 u n d er

1
$
*
$
$
1 60 1 70 1 80 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

s
i
$
f
$
2 30 2 40 2 . 5 0 2.6C1 2 . 7 0

%
*
$
2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

1 .9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 40 2 50 2 . 6 0

2 . 7d 2 . 8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

2
2
2

4
4
4

10
10
6

~

14
13
L
~

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

$
1 .6 9 1 .7 0 1 .6 5 2 .3 9 -

$
2 .29
2 .2 9
2 .31
2 .9 2

13
13
~

3
3
“

90
63
27
“

26
5
21
2

16
8
H
~

29
27
2
“

16
5
11
“

30
24
6
4

66
65
1
“

~

30
8
22

2
1
1

3
3
~

4
3
1

1
l
-

2
2
-

1

41
26
15

67
3
64

7
2
5

2
1
1
”

6
6
“

97
96
1
8
8

27

J A N I T O R S , PO RT ER S, AND CLFANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

53
18
35

1 .57
1 .79
1 .46

1.66
1 .82
1 .64

1 .61 1 .6 6 1 .0 9 -

1.7 3
1 .98
1.6 8

5 10
10

LA BO RE RS , MATERIAL H A N D L I N G ------- -e—
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

545
248
297
164

2.61

2 .1 1 2 .1 3 1 .7 9 3 .6 2 -

3 .61
2 .3 9
3 .65
3 .6 7

_

2 .9 4
3.6 1

2 .3 5
2 .1 9
3.61
3 .65

“

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

249
79

2 .45

2.11

2 .35

2.22

2 .2 6 2 .0 5 -

2.91
2 .26

“

3
3

5
3

2
2

7
7

10
10

PA CKE RS, S H I P P IN G -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

150
138

2 .23
2 .2 8

2 .2 4
2 .25

1 .9 9 2 .1 0 -

2 .3 0
2 .5 4

_

-

4
2

9
*

9
8

17
17

8
8

PA CKE RS, SH I P P IN G (WOMEN) ----------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------

77
47

2.11

2 .0 9
2 .18

1 .8 1 2 .0 4 -

2 .3 7
2 .3 5

“

“

19
2

6
4

-

2 .1 4

2 .3 6
2 .26
2 .55

2 .3 4
2 .32
2 .37

2 .1 7 2 .1 7 2 .1 5 -

2 .3 9
2 .3 9
2 .9 7

-

-

-

20

i
l

6
6

SH I PP IN G CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

63
54

2.5 8
2 .53

2 .5 9

2.68

2 .3 3 2 .3 4 -

2 .7 8
2 .7 5

“

SH I P P IN G ANU RE CEI VI NG CL ER KS --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

50
37

2 .3 0
2 .2 4

2 .38
2 .35

1 .86 1 .8 9 -

2 .5 9
2.51

“

TRUCKDRIVERS6 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

497
52
445
341

3 .2 2
2 .78
3 .28
3 .5 3

3 .08
2.51
3 .09
3 .73

2 .7 6 2 .2 4 3 .0 0 3 .0 7 -

3 .7 9
3 .73
3 .7 9
3.92

~
-

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) --------------------------------------

39

3 .01

2 .7 8

2 .5 9 -

3.76

-

4

-

i

L

161

20

3 .25
2 .2 7

3.08
2 .25

3 .0 2 2 .0 8 -

3 .75
2 .4 9

_

_

_

_

_

133

3 .42

3 .70

3 .0 5 -

3 .7 6

211

2 .63
2 .62

2 .5 6
2 .5 7
?•43

2 .3 9 2 .4 8 2 .3 4 -

2 .7 8
2 .7 6
3 .05

RE C E IV I N G CLERKS ----------------------------------

MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

TRUL KDK IV ER S, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------TRUC KER S,

( F O R K L I F T ) --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

POWER

122

55
35

18 1
30

2.22

2.68

_

_

_

_

_

6

_
-

4
4

-

_

_

_

40
30
10
5

24
24
-

22
22
-

19
19
-

17
4
13

_
-

9
9
-

27
27

-

_
-

46
46

90

13

-

-

60

4

1

_
-

5

3
3

5
5

11
ii

i
i

4
4

_

*

-

i

i

-

-

7
7

1
l

1

i

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

-

3
3

22
22

6

2

_

22
14
8

3
3

l
l

2
2

_

1

-

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 . 0 0

“

-

1
1

~

8
6
2

-

-

159
159
159

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4

_

4

2
?

21
21

4
2

8
8

5
5

_

-

-

-

4
4

-

20
2
IB
”

2
2

2
2

15
15

74

3
3

6
6

-

74
2

-

-

~

~

_

-

-

-

4

7
7

1

5
5

2

1

3
3

2
2

9
6
3

43
31
12

8
6
2

68
67

3
-

1

3

-

_

_

3

4
4

17
16

-

4

3 .4 C

V
3 .8 0

32
32

-

5
4

-

-

-

-

3 .3 0

3 .4 0 3 . 6 0

1

4
4

-

-

-

15
15

4
-

10
4
6
6

68
68

_

1
1

3 .2 0

9
8
i
i

-

7
4

3 .1 0

i
s
t
3 . 1 0 3 .2 0 3.3C

32
28
4
i

5

-

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
A ll w o r k e r s w ere a t $1 to $ 1 . 10.
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and typ e o f tr u c k o p e ra te d .




%

$
2 .0 6
2 .1 7
1 .79
2 .59

2 .0 4
2 .0 9
1.95
2.6 1

JA N I T O R S . PO RTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

372
250

$

2
2

_

-

l

-

-

_

_

4
*

1

2
1

_

_

“

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

8

128

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

“

128
128

12

-

-

1

8

2
2

'

_

-

_

-

8
”

-

2
2

_

63

5

-

105
ll
94

~

12
12

~

94

no
5
105
105

-

*

-

~

11

5

_

_

_

_

60

8

60

8

-

12
-

»

63

30
30

-

27
27

5

i
i

-

1
-

5

1

10
10

3
-

-

3

-

12
B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s z

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d ____________________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 %

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o fA ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37%

40

98

57

X XX

41

XXX

X XX

98

57

X XX

41

X XX

X XX

22

13

8

9

4

3

40

22

16

18

5

11

1
1
3
6
1
1

3
1

1

1
2
4
16
5
3
2
1

1
1

1
2
3

1
1

U n d e r $ 87. 80
2
3
6
4
1
1
1

1
1
5
4
1

4
2

1
2
1

2
1

1

1

1
1

9
2
2
1

5
1

1

1

1
1
2

1

6

4

2

21

15

6

69

40

29

36

20

16

1

1

1
1

1

1
1
2

1
1
2

1

1
1
1

1
1
10
4
2
2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id no t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
1

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




1

X XX

X XX




13

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e s h if t p a y p r o v i s i o n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d s h if t

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

S e c o n d s h if t

5 1 .9

1 5 .9

T o t a l ___________________________________________

62. 7

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ______

13. 1

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t __________

49. 6

U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________
5 c e n t s ___________________________________
7 V2 c e n t s _________________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________
9 c e n t s ___________________________________
10 c e n t s . ____ ____________________________
12 c e n t s __________________________________
13*/3 c e n t s ________________________________
15 c e n t s __________________________________
16 c e n t s __________________________________
18 c e n t s _________________ _______ ____ _____
2 8 c e n t s __________________________________
U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

6 .9

3. 6

-

51. 9

12. 2

6 .9

35. 8

37. 1

9. 2

4. 5

.8
3. 8
.9

. 8
1. 3

-

T y p e an d am ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:

-

_

_

.9
. 3

-

20. 6
6. 4
. 5
.4
. 8
1. 5
-

3. 0
6. 1
24. 4
1. 5

5. 4
1. 5
. 3
.2
.2
. 5
-

10. 4

9. 5

2. 1

1 .6

. 9
3. 7

-

(2 )
. 8

-

-

-

-

-

.5
1. 3
2. 3
-

. 3

3 p e r c e n t _____________________________________________
5 p e r c e n t _____________________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t ______________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________

5. 8

2. 3
7. 2

1. 3

1 . 1

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________

3. 4

5. 3

.9

.

.

5
8

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g l a t e s h i f t s .

14

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y i9 6 8 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s _____ _____________________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

(5 )
12
1
8
75
2
1
1

1
2
3
4
5

15
1
9
75

94

1

6

14
8
20
1
56
1

19
8
12
2
58
(5 )

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o rk , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , ' in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

1
22
2
76

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s —

__ _____ ________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

__

_ _

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s ______________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll in d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

93

92

100

99

99

100

7

8

-

(4 )

(4 )

1

-

-

6
(4 )

7
(4 )

(4 )
(4 )
2
14
11
1
12
1
19
7
6
14
6
6

(4 )

15
3
7
16

2
4
3
5
25
5
11
4
8
17

-

N um ber of days
3 h o l i d a y s __ . __________ ________________________
4 h o l i d a y s ___________________________
________
5 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s __ ____ ________________________ _
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y —
__ _ __
__
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 3 h a lf d a y s ______________________
7 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ___ __________ _______________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________ ___
9 h o l i d a y s ______________________________ __ ___ ____
9 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________—
___
10 h o lid a y s . _____________________________
10 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _____ ______
12 h o lid a y s . _______________________________ ____

(4 )
3
11
4

21

4

_
6
2
68
-

14
-

11
-

2

_
_

3

7

(4 )

-

1

1

19
2

1
-

13
12
11
21
11
2

47
9
-

36

-

-

-

1

-

-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
12 d a y s - _______ ___________________ _ „__ _______
I 0 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------- ---- ---9 Vz d a y s o r m o r e ___ _____ . . . ____________ _
9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________ ____ ____________
8 7 2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________ ______
___ __________ ___
8 d a y s o r m o r e ___________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________
— __

1
2
3
4
5
a n d no

-

-

(4 )
6
6
30
33
48
52
73
77
88
91
91
93

(4)
7
7
33
37
49
53

78
83
86
90
90
92

_
-

11
11
25
25
93
93
94
94
94
94
100
100

1
1
8
14
34
40
59
61
73
84
98
98
98
99

_

_

-

-

2
13
46
58
71
74
93
94
97
98
98
99

36
36
45
45
92
93
94
94
100
100
100
100

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th an 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d so o n .
P r o p o r t io n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .




16

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
64
33
2

99
57
41
1

100
100
-

99
98
1
1

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

1

1

32
31
7
-

36
29
9
~

.
38
2

9
58
8
1

9
64
9
3

5
22
22
“

57
7
17
10
8

55
8
14
12
9

91
6
3
-

28
4
66
(5 )
2

19
1
77
(5 )
3

56
21
23
-

41
15
22
10
10

42
18
14
12
13

40
6
54
-

10
4
83
(5 )
3

7
1
86
(S )
5

10
21
69
-

16
16
45
10
11

17
20
36
12
14

4
6
90
-

7
(5 )
87
1
4

5
1
84
3
8

2
98
“

16
15
47
10
11

17
18
38
12
14

4
6
90
-

7
(5 )
87
1
4

5
1
84
3
8

2
98

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______ 1______________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t___________________________
O t h e r ___________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________

(5 )

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A ft e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ___________________________ ___________
1 w ee k -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f se r v ic e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w ee k ________________ ______________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________ ________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------- ----------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------- ----------------2 w e e k s _________ ___________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

8
2
57
12
20

8
2
55
14
19

_
6
94
(5 )

2
70
2
26

2
67
1
30

_
80
20

5
2
23
19
49
1

6
2
23
23
44
1

_
24
11
65
-

2
33
5
55
2
3

_
17
14
69
-

-

1
26
5
65
1
1

5
2
21
19
52
1

6
2
20
23
46
1

_
20
80
-

1
19
4
72
1
3

2
21
8
63
2
5

_
17
84
-

5
2
15
7
62
5
4

6
2
14
8
61
6
2

_
6

2
11
(5 )
77

24

1
11
(5 )
76
1
11

5
2
13
7
51
2
19

6
2
12
8
54
2
14

6
16
11
68

5
2
12
7
47
26
1

6
2
11
8
49
22
"

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______ ____________________________________
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____ __________________
3 w e e k s ________ ___________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ....................... —____ _____
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______________ _____________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ._____ _______________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______ ____ ________ ____
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s !___________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s _______________ _____________________________

-

71
-

7
-

70

-

-

10

23

1
9
(5 )
47
2
40

2
10
(5 )
59
30

7
12
14
67

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ...................................... ........
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s _______ _____________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________ ____ _________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______________________
S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
(5 )
29
58
3

10
(5 )
34
55

7

6
2
82
11

-

2
76
14

18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

5
2
12
7
47
26
1
(5 )

6
2
11
8
49
22

5
2
12
7
47
26
1
(5 )

6
2
11
8
49

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o£ v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s __________________________ __________________

-

(5 )

_

1

-

-

-

9
(5 )
29
54
2
4

6
2
81
11
1

2
10
(5 )
34
48
_
6

_
7
_
2
76
14
(5 )

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________ ______ _________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ______________________________________

22
-

(5 )

_
6

2
81
11
1

1
9
(5 )
29
53

2

4
1

2
-

10
(5 )
34
48
_
6

_
7
-

2
76
14
(5 )

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s an d th o s e p l a n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g
le n g th s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r te d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w eek* s p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e .
T h u s, th e p r o p o r t io n e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , 1 S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ............. ..........

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

98

98

100

99

98

99

L if e i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 __________________________

90

91

100

95

93

99

57

54

95

62

55

56

85

85

97

91

92

94

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e -----------S ic k le a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ____________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) ____________________________

79

85

47

64

84

47

9

2

14

54

39

79

3

-

38

4

-

9

H o s p it a li z a t i o n in s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n -------------------------------------

96
94
76
42
60

98
97
79
41
61

86
86
86
80
95

96
95
76
64
76

96
96
77
70
74

90
90
90
99
95

1 I n c lu d e s th o s e p l a n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r it y , a n d r a i l r o a d
r e t ir e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




20

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s _____

A ll i n d u s t r i e s

___

_____ _ _

___

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

69
58
37
21

64
57
38
18

100
100
53
47

100
57
5
53

100
55
2
53

100
81
25
57

10

7

47

36

5

5

6
11
31
24
23
1
5
5

6
8
36
30
28
2
6
6

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n 1
P a id ti m e r a t e s ____________________________ __ __
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y __ __________________
S in g le r a t e _________________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
14

13

21

18

17
43

22
45

P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s _______________________
P i e c e r a t e ____________________________________
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s __

_________________________

G r o u p -------------------------------------------------

(5 )

20
19

-

-

_
-

M e th o d o f d e te r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

-

2

F req u en cy of w age paym ent
W e e k ly _______
Ri

1
2
3
4
5

_____ _____

_____ _ ______

64
30
6
(5 )

61
32
7
(5 )

69
31

46
36
18
(5 )

42
45
13
(5 )

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




54
45
1

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

o ffic e
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l lin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
an d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l ly in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e of b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
„
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p of lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e .g .,. a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g th e i t e m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m * c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a tio n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
C O M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o lle d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r in c i p le s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f il e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

21

22
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R --- C o n tin u e d
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F I C E B O Y O R c J lR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n fo r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , an d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER .

E x c lu s i o n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t io n s w h ich d o not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in itio n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a tiv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
over

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk ,
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .) •
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e of g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s an d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s no t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
no t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i ly u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w hen s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

23
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s it io n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d so m e f ilin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk an d p r o d u c tio n of a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r an d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s an d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , ta b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b ut s m a l l ta b u la t in g stu d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l . f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; an d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A FT SM A N

D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n of c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s of s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n of a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , flo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s an d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e t c . R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
an d/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d

N U R S E , IN D U ST R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e il l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n of th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to su b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s an d e m p l o y e e s ; an d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;




C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed
m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; an d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

24
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g an y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s of
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ^ h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g an d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r an d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r * m ill in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , an d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
an d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t s w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s an d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o ut o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l an d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p ^ c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i la b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




M A IN T E N A N C E

25
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In gene r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
rounde.d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
st a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , ' g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r l a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o r k in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; st o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h .e n ts su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e an d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

PO W ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s fo r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , an d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t go o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T r ” 'k e r ,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift)

A







A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e ei g h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn ey s, c h e m ists, en g in ee rs, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of o ffice
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 158 5, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1967.
Fifty cents
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u lle tin s i s p r e s e n t e d b elow . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d ie s inclu ding m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d ie s con d u c ted a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage and Hour and P u blic C o n t r a c t s D iv is i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t in s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the Su p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , Lf. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O ffice , W ashington, D. C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e fron t c o v e r .
A rea
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------Alb any —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 1________
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
Allentown—B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N. J . ,
F e b . 1 9 6 7 _________________ '------------------------------------A tlan ta, Ga. , May 1968 1-----------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , Oct. 1967_____________________________
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , May 1968 * ___
Bin gh am ton , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968---------------------------------B o i s e City, Idaho, J u l y 1968 1__________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Se pt. 1967 * ___________________________
B u ffa lo , N. Y . , D ec. 1967______________________________
B u r lin g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, Ju n e 1968 * ______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a. , A p r . 1968 1-----------------------------C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 * __________________________
C h atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , Aug. 1967 __________________
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—Ky. —Ind. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * -------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, Sept. 1967-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1967_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1967 _______________________________
D ave n port—R o c k I s l a n d —Molin e, Iowa—111. ,
Oct. 1967--------------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, J a n . 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D ec . 1967 1 ____________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iowa, F e b . 1 9 6 8 1--------------------------------D e tro it, M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1967__________________________
G r e e n B a y , Wis. , J u l y 1968 1----------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. , May 1968 * __________________________
Houston, T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., D ec . 1967 1_________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 _________________________
K a n s a s City , M o . - K a n s . , Nov. 1967 * ---------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l, M a s s . —N .H . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * _______
L itt le R ock—N orth L itt le R ock, A r k . , J u l y 1968 1_____
L o s A n g e l e s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind. , F e b . 1968--------------------- ,--------Lub bo ck , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 -------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n . - A r k . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 * ____________________
M ia m i, F l a . , D ec. 1967 * ----------------------------------------Midland and O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 ________________
M ilw auk ee, W i s . , A p r . 1968------------------------------------

B u lle t in n um b e r
an d p r i c e
157 5 -8 4 ,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1530-53,
1575-71,
1575-18,
157 5 -7 5 ,
1 625-3,
157 5 -5 9 ,
1625-6,
1 575-13,
157 5 -4 1 ,
157 5 -4 8 ,
1 575-65,
1 575-63,
1 575-57,
15 7 5 -7 ,
157 5 -8 1 ,
157 5 -6 2 ,
157 5 -1 4 ,
157 5 -2 3 ,
157 5 -2 0 ,

25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
16 2 5 -7 ,
157 5 -6 6 ,
157 5 -8 2 ,
157 5 -3 6 ,
157 5 -4 9 ,
157 5 -3 3 ,
157 5 -3 0 ,
1575-74,
1625-11,

25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
45 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1575-72,
157 5 -6 7 ,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

D ata on estab lish m en t p ractices and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l is —St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 ------------------M u sk e go n —M u sk e g o n H e igh ts, M i c h . , May 1968 * _______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y City , N. J . , F e b . 1968 * ___________
New Haven, C o n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
New Y ork, N. Y. , A p r. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
N o r fo lk —P o r t s m o u t h and N ew port N e w s—
Ham pton, Va. , Ju n e 1968 ___________________________
O klahom a C ity , O kla. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ______________________
O m a h a, N e b r . —Iowa, Oct. 1967 1 ______________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifton —P a s s a i c , N. J . , May 1968 1 _________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N. J . , Nov. 1967 1__________________
Ph oe n ix, A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1___________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M aine, Nov. 1967 * __________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —Wash. , May 1968 1___________________
P r o v i d e n c e —Paw tu c k et—W arw ick, R. I . —M a s s . ,
May 1 9 6 8 _______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1967 * ____________________________
R ic h m on d , V a . , Nov. 1967 * -----------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 1_
R o c k f o r d , 111., May 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111. , J a n . 1968_________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity , Utah, D ec . 1 9 6 7 _______________________
Sa n Antonio, T e x . , Ju n e 1968__________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n tario , C a l i f . ,
A ug. 1967 1 ____________________________________________
Sa n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 __________________________
Sa n F r a n c i s c o —O akland, C a l i f . , J a n . 1968____________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , Se pt. 1967 1 __________________________
Sa van n ah , Ga. , May 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
S c r a n to n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1______________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1967 1 __________________
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Oct. 1967 1 _____________________
South Bend, I n d . , M a r . 1968 * _________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ___________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1 9 6 8 _____________
T o led o , Ohio—Mich. , F e b . 1968________________________
T r e n to n , N. J . , Nov. 1967 ______________________________
U ti c a —R o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ________________________
W ashington, D. C. —Md. —V a. , Se pt. 1967 ------------------W a te r b u ry , C o n n ., A p r . 1 968* ________________________
W a te rloo, Iow a, Nov. 1967 _____________________________
Wichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1-------------------------------------------Youngstown—W a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1967 1 _______________

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1 575-47,
1 575-60,
157 5 -5 4 ,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1 575-78,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts

1575-85,
1 625-9,
1 575-21,
157 5 -8 3 ,
1 575-40,
157 5 -5 5 ,
157 5 -4 4 ,
1 575-16,
157 5 -8 0 ,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30c e n ts
30c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
40 c e n ts

157 5 -6 1 ,
1 575-6,
1 575-27,
16 2 5 -2 ,
1 575-70,
157 5 -3 9 ,
157 5 -3 5 ,
157 5 -6 9 ,

30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1575-10,
30 c e n ts
157 5 -1 9 ,
20 c e n ts
157 5 -3 7 ,
25 c e n ts
1575-15,
25 c e n ts
1575-73,
30 c e n ts
1625-12,
35 c e n ts
157 5 -2 9 ,
25 c e n ts
1 575-17,
25 c e n ts
1 575-56,
30 c e n ts
1 5 7 5-79,[ 30 c e n ts
1625-5,
35 c e n ts
1625-10,1 30 c e n ts
1 575-43,
30 c e n ts
157 5 -2 4 ,
20 c e n ts
1625-1,
35c e n ts
157 5 -1 1 ,
25 c e n ts
157 5 -5 3 ,
30c e n ts
157 5 -2 6 ,
20 c e n ts
157 5 -3 1 ,
20 c e n ts
157 5 -7 6 ,
30 c e n ts
157 5 -4 2 ,
30 c e n ts
157 5 -2 5 ,
25 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

WASHINGTON, D.C. '26212 •'
O FFIC IA L




BUSINESS

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