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AREAWAGESURVEY
Savannah, Georgia, M etro p o litan Area,
M ay 1973
Bulletin 1775 77




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Riiroan of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s r e s u l t s of a M a y 1973 su r v e y of o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s in th e S a v a n n a h , G e o r g ia , S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a (C h ath am
C o u n ty ). T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t of the B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' a n n u a l
a re a w age survey p ro g ram .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld d a ta fo r in d iv id u a l
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , a s w ell a s n atio n al and r e g io n a l e s t im a te s fo r a ll S tan d ard
M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c lu d in g A l a s k a a n d H a w a i i, ( a s d e fin e d
b y th e U .S . O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t th ro u g h N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d to
d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l a n d m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h
t h e a n a l y s i s o f (1) th e l e v e l a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , a n d (2) th e
m o v em e n t of w a g es b y o ccu p atio n al c a te g o ry and sk ill le v e l.
The program d e ­
v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m a y be u s e d fo r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w ag e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , a n d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t
lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t (A ct o f 1 965.
C u r r e n t l y , 9 6 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d i n t h e p r o g r a m . | ( S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on
in sid e b a c k
c o v e r.)
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s d a t a
a r e co llected
an n u a lly .
In fo rm atio n on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in th e p a s t , i s n o w o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E ach y ear after all
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e
m etro p o lita n a r e a su rv ey ed .
re g io n a l e s t im a te s , p ro je c te d

in d iv id u al a r e a w ag e s u r v e y s h av e b een c o m p le te d ,
issu ed .
The fir s t b rin g s
to g e th e r d a ta for e ach
T h e se c o n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s n atio n al and
fr o m in d iv id u al m e tr o p o lita n a r e a d ata .

T h e S a v a n n a h s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
A tla n ta , G a ., u n d er the g e n e r a l d ire c tio n of D o n ald M . C r u s e , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l
D ire cto r for O p e ratio n s.
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t
th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e a n d s a l a r y d a t a p r o v i d e d the b a s i s
fo r th e s t a t i s t i c a l in fo r m a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s in c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n fo r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

N o te :
A l s o a v a ila b le f o r th e S a v a n n a h a r e a a r e li s t i n g s of u n ion w a g e r a t e s
fo r se v e n s e le c te d bu ildin g t r a d e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u r e a u 's reg io n a l o ffic e s.
(See b a ck co v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

A R EA W AG E SU R VEY

Bulletin 1775-77
'dSCJ U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J, Brennan, Secretary

A ugust 1973

tS g

BUR EA U OF LABOR STA .‘ ISTICS, Julius Sniskin. Commissioner

Savannah, Georgia, M etropolitan Area, M ay 1973
CO NTENTS
Page
2
5

In tro d u ctio n
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T ab le s:

8
9
9
10
11
13

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s tu d ie d
In d exes of e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o ccu p atio n al g r o u p s, and p e rc e n ts of ch an ge fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s

A.

4
6
7

O ccu p atio n al e a rn in g s:
A - l . O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s : W eek ly e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s : W eek ly e a r n in g s
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe ss io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s: A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s ,
A -4. M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp lan t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a r n in g s
A -5. C u sto d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a rn in g s

A p p en d ix .

by sex

O ccu p atio n al d e sc r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u ctio n
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o v / e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.,
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m set: o f j o b
d e s c r ip ti o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u t i e s w i t h i n th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r study a re
lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d , the
e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b tit le s a r e fo r a ll in d u s t r ie s co m b in ed .
E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in
th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n
i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n t d ata.
E arn in g s
d a t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in a ll
in d u str ie s co m b in e d d ata , w h e re show n.
L ik e w is e , d a ta a r e in clu d ed
in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not sh o w n o r i n fo r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not
a v aila b le .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 9 6 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
on an a re a w id e b a s i s a n n u a lly .!
F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e la t e d b e n e fits in fo rm a tio n e v e r y th ird
year.
In e a c h o f t h e i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e arn in g s is co lle cte d by m a il q u e stio n n a ire s fro m e sta b lish m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s th e r e s u l t s
o f the la t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s ;
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s; w h o le sa le tr a d e ;
r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ie s a re g o v e rn m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r ie s .
E stab lish m e n ts
h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itted b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te tab u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d fo r e a c h of
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O ccu p atio n al em p lo y m en t and e a rn in g s d ata a r e
show n fo r
f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to v^ork a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o rk on
w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x ­
clu d ed , but c o s t- o f- liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
clu d ed .
W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffice c le r ic a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a lf hour) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of p a y fo r o v e rtim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e arn in g s fo r th e se o ccu p a tio n s a r e roun ded
to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
The sam ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n of a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r
of e m p lo y ee s.
F r o m th is str a tifie d u n iv e r s e a p ro b a b ility sa m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e of
selectio n .
T o o b tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r tio n of la r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is se le c te d .
W hen d ata
a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g to i t s p r o b a ­
b ility of se le c tio n , so th at u n b ia se d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , if o n e o u t o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g i v e n a
w e ig h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n if d a ta a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e ig h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r th a t i s s i m i l a r to th e m i s s i n g u n it.

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u factu rin g in d u str ie s,
a n d a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s;
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; 1

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e.
C o m p a r is o n s of in d iv id u al o c cu p atio n al
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s.
The a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y ­
m ent pattern s.
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y ed by
h igh - o r lo w -w a ge fir m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h -w ag e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s an d be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in the
groups.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, Tex. j Binghamton, N.Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla. ; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y . ; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y. ; Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N.Y. ; and Utica—
Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the IJ. S. Department of Labor.

A v e rag e e arn in g s refle c t co m p o site , a re aw id e e stim a te s.
In ­
d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , a n d
th u s c o n tr ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
Pay aver­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

O ccu p a tio n s and E a r n in g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s sh o u ld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib u te to
d if f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a t e s p a i d in c u m b e n t s a r e c o lle c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u tie s w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Jo b d e sc rip ­
tio n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th an th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a llo w fo r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O ccu p atio n al e m p lo y m en t e stim a te s
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the stu d y
ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o ccu p atio n al s tr u c tu
d iffe r, e stim a te s of o ccu p atio n al e m p lo y m en t




r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll
and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
re s am ong e stab lish m e n ts
o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le

o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta n c e o f th e j o b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d ata .
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u lletin .
In fo rm atio n fo r th e se ta b u la tio n s, c o lle c te d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in th e p a s t , i s n o w c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e t a b u la t io n s on
m in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in ex p erie n ce d w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs;
s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w o r k w e e k ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p aiid v a c a t i o n s ;
a n d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s
t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S a v a n n a h , G a .,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2M a y 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study3

Studied

Number

Perce nt

Studied

All d ivision s____________________________

.

127

59

24,460

100

17,975

Manufacturing__________ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing________________________ __
Transportation, communication, and
other public u t il iti e s 5___________________
Wholesale trade 6_________________________
Retail trade 6 _____________________________
Finance, in surance, end real e s t a t e 6_____
S er vi ces 6 7_ __________ ________________
_

50
-

42
85

23
36

13,138
11,322

54
46

10,750
7, 225

50
50
50
50
50

11
14
44
6
10

8
5
13
4
6

3,253
959
4,9 67
1,093
1,050

13
4
20
5
4

3,070
369
2, 229
927
630

1 The Savannah Standard Metropolitan S tatistical A rea, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through November 1971, consists of
Chatham County. The "w ork ers within scope of study" estim ate s shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
composition of the la bor force included in the survey. The e stim ates a re not intended, however, to serve as a b a si s of com parison with other
employment indexes for the a re a to m ea sur e employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data
compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2
3

T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n of t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y di v i s i o n .
I n c l u d e s all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h total e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u tl et s (w i t h i n t h e a r e a ) of c o m p a n i e s
tr ad e, finance, au to r e p a i r se rv ic e, a n d m o t i o n pi cture th e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 es t a b l i s h m e n t .

in

such

in d u stries as

4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the a re a ) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A - s e r i e s tables. Taxicabs and s er v ic e s incidental to water transportation were excluded. Savannah's
transit system i s municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ate s for "a ll in du st rie s" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S e r ie s A table s. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reas ons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough data to
m er it sepa rate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) respon se was insufficient or inadequate to permit
sepa rate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of d isclo sure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other person al s er v ic e s; busin ess s e r v ic e s; automobile repair , rental, and parking; motion picture s; nonprofit
membe rsh ip organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural s er v ic e s.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
Over one-half of the workers within scope of the survey in the Savannah a r e a were
employed in manufacturing fi r m s . The following presents the m ajo r industry groups and
specific industries a s a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Paper and allied products—___ 41
Transportation equipment______ 13
Chemicals and allied
products______________________11
Food and kindred products_____ 10
Lumber and wood produ cts _____10

Specific industries
P ap e r m il ls , except building
paper________________
36
Industrial che micals__________
8
Millwork, plywood and
related prod ucts_____________ 6
Ship and boatbuilding and
repairing____________________ 6

This information is based on estimate 3 of total employment derived from universe
m ate r ia ls compiled prior to actual survey. P ■ oportions in various industry divisions may
differ fr om proportions ba se d on the resul ts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s of o ffice c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l
n u r s e s , a n d in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s a re a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
i n d e x y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e
d ate of the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
A n nual r a te s of in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s .
T h ese com pu­
t a t io n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n sta n t
rate betw een su rv e y s.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

T h e in d ex is a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a giv en tim e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in th e b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a se y e a r is
a s s i g n e d th e v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d ex is c o m p u ted by m u lt i­
p ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 p e r c e n t ) b y th e r e l a t i v e (th e p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p lu s 100 p e r c e n t ) fo r the n ex t s u c c e e d in g y e a r and th en c o n ­
tin u in g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s in d ex.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e arn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n tw o rk e r g r o u p s, th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
each group.

M eth od of C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g ro u p is a s s ig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o rtio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s of D ata
The in d e x e s and p e rc e n ts of ch an ge, a s m e a s u r e s of change
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(l) G e n e r a l s a la r y and w age
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e i n t h e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e
to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m
la b o r tu rn o v er, fo rce
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in
th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e t h a t e v e n
th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h ave d eclin ed b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts en te red
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages m ay have
re m a in e d r e la tiv e ly con stan t, yet a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a m a y have r ise n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters

Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.
T h e u s e of c o n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
a v e r a g e p ay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c ed b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
fo r o v e rtim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a t a a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e a n y s ig n if ic a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r e ac h o ccu p atio n a r e m u lti­
p lie d b y the o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, an d the p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s
in th e g r o u p a r e t o t a l e d .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 co n secu tiv e y e a rs a re
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r a n d d iv id in g th e r e m a i n d e r b y th e a g g r e ­
g a te fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s the p e r c e n t
of change.




5

6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in S a v a n n a h , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 2
a n d M a y 1 9 7 3 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1fo r s e le c t e d p e rio d s
Hourly earnings

Weekly earnings
Period

Office
c le r ic al
(men and
women)

Industrial
nu rse s
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
tr ad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Indexes (May 1967=100)
May 1 9 7 2 - ................................................................................... May 197 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

134. 6
142. 0

(2)
(2)

131. 1
138. 3

128. 8
131. 9

P er cents of change 1
June I960 to May 1961:
11-month cha ng e--- ------- ------------------------------Annual rate of change-------------------------------------

2. 0
2. 2

(2)
(2)

2. 8
3. 1

s-2. 3
5— 5
2.

May 1961 to June 1962:
13-month in c r e a s e ----------------------------------------Annual rate of i n c r e a s e __________________________

4. 7
4. 3

(2)
(2)

5. 8
5. 3

5. 3
4 .9

June 1962 to May 1963:
11-month in c r e a s e ----------------------------------------Annual rate of in cre a se — ----------------------------

2. 3
2. 5

(2)
(2)

1.4
1. 5

1. 3
1. 4

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

2. 7
4. 2
.5
2 .9
6. 7
5. 0
5. 0
6. 4
7. 5
5. 5

(2)
2)
()
(2)
0
>
(2)
o
)
(2)

3. 0
3. 4
3. 6
3. 6
3. 1
7. 4
6. 0
4. 2
7. 3
5. 5

3.
3.
2.
4.
7.
4.

1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1964---------------------------------------1965 ______________________________
1966______________________________
1967---------------------------------------1968---------------------------------------1969---------------------------------------1970---------------------------------------1971..............................................................
1972 — ................................................... .
1973----------------------------------------

1 All changes a re in c re a se s unless otherwise indicated.
2 Data do not m ee t publication c r it er ia .
* This decline la rge ly reflects shifts in employment between high- and low-wage establish ments
decreases.

2
1
2
9
7
7
2
6. 0
7. 9
2. 4

rather than wage




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d
o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t sh ifts ,
in S a v a n n a h , 6 a . , M a y 1 9 7 2 to M a y 1 9 7 3
O ccupational group

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )--------------------- -----In du strial nurses (m en and w om en)-------------------------S k illed maintenance tra des (m e n )---------------------------U nskilled plan tw orkers (m e n )----------------------------------

A ll
in du stries

5. 2
(*)
5. 7
5. 6

M an ufac­
turing

(*)
r>
5. 7
(*)

1 Data do not m e et pu blication c r ite r ia .

N O T E : T a b le 3 p rovid es p ercen ts o f change in a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs fo r sele cted
occupational grou ps, adjusted to exclude the e ffe c t o f em ploym ent sh ifts. Th e new method
fo r computing wage trends is based on changes in a vera g e hou rly earnings fo r establishm ents
re p ortin g the index jobs in both the cu rren t and previo u s y e a r (m atched esta b lish m en ts),
holding establish m ent em ploym ent in the jobs constant.
Th e new wage trends a re not linked to the cu rren t indexes because the new wage
trends m easu re changes in m atched establish m ent a vera g es w hereas the cu rren t indexes
m easu re changes in a rea a v e ra g e s .
O ther c h a ra c te ris tic s o f the new wage trends which
d iffe r fr o m the cu rren t ones include (1 ) earnings data o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers and
in du strial nurses a re converted to an hou rly b a s is , and (2 ) tren d estim ates a re provid ed
fo r nonmanufacturing establish m ents. (In Savannah, data fo r nonmanufacturing establishm ents
do not m e et publication c r it e r ia .)
F o r a m o re d etailed d es crip tio n o f the new method used to compute a rea wage su rvey
in d ex es, see "Im p ro vin g A re a Wage S u rvey In d ex es, " M onthly L ab o r R e v ie w , January 1973,
pp. 52-57.

8

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a rn in g s
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Savannah, Ga. , May 1973)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

A ve rage
w eek ly

t

M edian ^

M iddle ranged

AND

WOMEN

$
S
(
$
S
130
105 110 115 120

$

t

i

t

S
*
S
180 190 200

140

150

160

170

140

150

160

170

180

190

5
3

3
2

3
3

8
8

5
3

6
4

4

7
7
-

7
6
l

7
6
1

6
4
2

1
1
-

2

-

3

3

1

-

2

5

1

80

85

90

95

100

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

*

*

-

3
1

1
“

2
2

2
1

5
4
1

3

2
1

8
8
-

6
3
3

3
2
1

3
2
1

5
1

-

1

210

$
220

220

230

-

t

200

210

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMBINED

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

39
28

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

66
48

CLERKS,

PAYROLL

*

75

and
under

75

MEN

i

t

-

70

[standard)

$

>

---------------------------

$
$
$
39.0 145.00 151.00 126.00-166.50
39.0 148.00 152.50 131.00-164.50
97.50-138.00
97.50-139.50
94.00-122.50

_

-

-

-

18

39.5 116.00 115.50
39.5 118.00 120.50
39.5 111.00 112.50

-

5
2
3

17

39.5 132.50 125.00 111.00-157.50

-

-

-

-

1

2

19

39.0 131.50 127.50 116.00-155.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

4

3

1

1

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

38
22

38.0 104.00 106.00 89.50-114.00
39.5 113.50 111.00 106.00-124.00

_

1

i

9

1

-

-

“

-

2
2

3
2

10
7

3
3

i
i

4
4

2
2

1
1

MESSENGERS

G I R L S I—

19

39.0 115.50 130.00

87.50-138.00

-

1

3

2

1

1

-

1

-

-

i

7

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------------- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

105
63
42
15

126.00-175.50
125.00-167.00
126.50-196.00
178.50-199.50

-

_

-

-

-

-

13
9
4
i

7
6
i
i

10
7
3
3

1
1

5

9
6
3

-

-

14
ii
3

9
i

-

13
6
7

-

-

3
2
1

5
3

-

3
1
2

2

-

7
2

3
3

-

2
2

1

-

3
3
-

2

8

1

2

-

1

7

1

l

2

4

3

3

i

i

3

1

1

-

-

1

4

-

1

-

4

_

-

_

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS,

(OFFICE

CLASS

BOYS

A ---------

AND

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

147.50
143.50
153.50
189.50

143.50
142.00
151.0C
196.50

-

SECRETARIES,

CLASS

B -----------------

20

38.5 152.00 144.00 129.00-178.00

SECRETARIES,

CLASS

C -----------------

45

39.5 155.50 156.50 135.50-177.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

6

7

4

6

5

7

3

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

29
19

39.5 126.00 113.50 102.CO-142.50
39.0 116.00 113.50 100.00-135.00

-

_

“

-

3
3

2
2

7
2

1
1

3
3

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

2
1

_

-

_

“

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

59
34
25

39.5 133.50 124.00 111.50-146.50
39.5 122.50 123.00 109.50-135.50
39.5 148.50 132.50 114.00-198.00

-

1
1
“

2

3

-

9
7
2

-

10

5

-

-

-

-

“

10
8
2

1
1

“

6
3
3

_

-

3
1
2

5

2
1

4
4

2

3
2
1

“

“

-

-

-

10

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

76
37

38.5 125.50 128.00 105.50-146.50
37.0 115.50 115.00 99.00-131 .00

_

1
1

7
7

6
4

3
2

2
2

6
3

11
6

11
2

_

_

3

10
4

?

“

3
2

11

-

2
1

-

“

-

S W I T C H B O A R O O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

23
20

38.5
38.5

90.00
84.00

9
9

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

3
3

-

1
1

1
1

2
i

-

3
1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

35
20
15

39.5 106.00 106.50 90.50-122 .50
39.5 114.00 119.00 105.50-126.00
40.0
95.50
9 2 .5G 87.50-106.50

-

-

4
1

4

-

1
1

2
2

7
7

1

_

_

_

-

3

“

”

6
3
3

1
1

2

7
1
6

l

-

-

-

TYPISTS,

22

39.5

3

7

6

4

1

1

CLASS

B -------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




95.00
89.00

91.00

91.00

73.50-120.00
73.00-104 .50

8 7 .0 0 - 96.50

1
1
-

-

-

*

2

*

"

“

-

2
2
-

“
-

-

-

_

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

1
-

_

-

~

9
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y division, S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y

1973)

Table A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o a r s a n d e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e le ct ed o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y division. S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y
Average
Sex,

oc cu pa ti on , a n d i n d u s t r y division

OFFICE
MESSENGERS

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

(OFFICE

-

BOYSI

OCCUPATIONS

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

MEN

--------------

-

Number
of
workers

18

39.0

$
117.00

Sex, oc cu pa ti on , a n d i n d u s t r y division

Num ber
of
w oik eis

(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOKEN— CONTINUED

W eekly

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

39.0
39.0
38.5
50.0

$
157.50
153.50
153.50
189.5G

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED
105
63
52
15

39.0
39. C

151.50
155.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S 8 --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

60
55
15

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 1 3 . CO
115.50
105.50

KEYPUNCH

19

39.0

131.50

38
22

38.0
39.5

105.00
113.50

OPERATURS,

CLASS

A ---------

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

footnote at e n d




of tables

B ------

38.5

CLASS

C ------

55

39.5

155.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

29
19

39.5
39.0

58
35
25

39.5
39.5
39.5

132.50
122.50
156.00

76
37

38.5
37.C

1 2 5 . 5C
115.50

Weekly
earn in gs1
(standard)

-

S W I T C H B O A R O O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------N O N K A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

23

38.5
38.5

$
95.CO
89.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

35

15

39.5
39.5
50. C

10 6.CO
115.00
95.50

TYPISTS,

2
2

39.5

91.00

B ---------

19

38.C

159.00

B ----------------------

17

2
0
20

126.00
116.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

CLASS

B -------------------------

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

C0MPUTEP

OPERATORS,

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

CLASS

*■
*

See

CLASS

N um ber
of
workers

o
o

__________ .

SECRETARIES,

15 2.CO

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

30
20

20

SECRETARIES,

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

Averasc
Sex, oc cu p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

-

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N C N K A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

WOMEN

197 3)

A verage

172.50

10
T a b le A -4 .

M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y division, S a v a n n a h , G a ., M a y

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earn in gs3

S e x , oc c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

$
2.00

Num ber
of
M ean2

M edian^

1973)

M iddle range *

V

*
2.10

$
2.20

t
2.30

t

t

%

t

t

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

*
2.90

3.00

s
3.20

s
3.40

3.60

$
3.80

4.00

S
4.20

*
4.40

t
4.60

4.80

*
5 00

S
5.20

5.40

2,20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

?.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.4C

4.60

4.80

5.00

5 20

5.40

5,6(?

2
2

2
2

1
1

“

1
1

“

7
5

15
15

$

t

$

i

an d
under
2.10

MEN
$

C A R PE N TE RS , MAI NTENANCE MANUFACTURI NG ---------------E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAI NTENANCE
MANUFACTURI NG ---------------F I R E ME N, S T A T I O N A R Y B O IL E R --------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------M A C H I N I S T S , MAI NTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------ME CH AN ICS , AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------

$

4 .5 3

$
4 .8 9

$

33

4 . 0 5 -

5 .1 5

31

4 .5 0

4 .8 9

4 . 0 3 -

5 .1 5

136

4 .7 8

5 .1 1

4 . 2 6 -

4 .7 5

5 .0 0

4 . 2 5 -

3 .5 4

4 .1 3

2 . 1 7 -

4 .3 9

69

3 .5 3

4 .1 5

2 . 1 6 -

4 .4 0

83

4 .7 9

5 .1 2

4 . 3 3 -

4 .7 8

5 .1 2

4 . 3 1 -

4 .0 6

3 .9 7

3 . 6 5 -

4 .8 6

50

3 .9 7

3 .8 6

3 . 6 2 -

4 .3 5

16

4 .3 5

4 .0 8

4 . 0 3 -

5 .2 8

ME CH AN I CS , MAI NTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

303

4.48

4 .5 7

4 . 0 3 -

5 .1 3

297

4 .4 6

4 .5 5

4 . 0 2 -

5 .1 3

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAI NTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

119

4 .9 8

5 .1 2

4 . 8 5 -

5 .1 7

119

4 .9 8

5 .1 2

4 . 8 5 -

5 .1 7

See fo ot no te s at e n d of tables




5
3

1

2
2

-

5 .1 6

66

1

5 .1 6

81

6
6

18
18

2
2

"

-

23
23

1
1

-

4
4

5 .1 7

73

3
3

2
2

5 .1 8

130

2
2

14
14

6
6

4
4

15
15

5C
50

15
15

6

8
8

14
14

4
4

8
8

-

-

“

4
4

4
4

16
16

6
6

-

4
4

4fc
46

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
1
1

ii
ii

_

1
l

_

11
10
1

_

-

“

“

13
12
1

11
11

-

9

10
10

12
12

1
1

17
17

29
29

47
47

24
24

18
18

10
10

30
30

95
95

1
1

2
2

_

12
12

_

28
28

72
72

4
4

14
5

-

~

4

-

-

“

b

4
4

t
-

-

11
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y division, S a v a n n a h ,

Ga. , M a y

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings ^

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

$
2.00

$
2.10

*
2.20

*
2.30

s
2.40

$
2.50

$
2.60

$
2.7C

$
2.80

*
2.90

*
3.00

3.10

$
3.20

$
3.30

s
3.40

3.60

$
3.80

$
4.00

*
4.20

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.93

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

46
2

27
1

15
2

2
2

-

2
2

7
7

30
27

3
1

2
“

1
1

12
11

8
8

10
6

4
4

3
2

-

22
2

-

2

-

19
15

.

“

-

-

-

19

13
13

15
11

15
15

13
2

25
25

-

35
34

2

_

-

6
6

3
-

30
30

12
12

31
30

1
-

_

-

-

7
-

5

-

*

1

-

-

1

3

1

1

1

-

-

-

4

-

4
2
2

2
2

17
4
13

25

-

3

-

23

3

4

1

5
3
2

5

-

-

27
24
3

2*

-

1
-

25

78
5
73

4

-

23
-

1

5

24
3

2
2

%

$
1.60

%

1.80

$
1.90

$
1.70

1.70

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of
workers

1973)

and
under

MEN

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

277
93

$
2.30
2.76

$
1.93
2.82

$
1.722.43-

$
2.90
3.11

62

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

240
179

2.62
2.71

2.52
2.57

2.102.31-

3.17
3.19

4
-

9
1

-------------------------

23

2.98

2.79

2.39-

3.39

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

TRUCKDRIVERS
----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

276
48
228

3.02
3.25
2.97

3.20
3.71
3.09

2.712.632.72-

3.29
3.77
3.27

6
6

7

-

7

-

10
10

5
5

21

-

-

12
10
2

«[• u

«.• w .

i• f

114
84

3.20
3.11

2.90
2.85

2.762.73-

3.78
4.09

TRUCK D R I V E R S , HEAVY (0\ER 4 TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -------------------------

28

2.8B

2.78

2.56-

3.32

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

353
340

3.16
3.18

3.26
3.27

2.682.80-

3.83
3.83

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

77
77

3.30
3.30

3.82
3.82

2.402.40-

74
20

2.03
2.89

1.76

1.692.08-

RECEIVING

CLERKS

TRUCKORIVERS,

LIGHT

-

21

-

-

'

1U
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

6
2

-

-

-

2
2

6

-

_

16
16

6
6

32
24

12
12

-

-

“

*

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

3.86
3.86

-

-

“

2
2

-

“

~

6
6

12
12

2.06
3.30

20

31

1

2

4

2

1

-

-

25
25

-

-

*

-

6

'

_

-

38
38

-

-

-

11
11

2

2

2
2

25
24

6
6

~

~

3
3

5
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

12
12

-

-

5

4

1

2

See

footnotes

AND

at e n d




5

21
21

1

-

_

20
16

14
14

_

-

56
56

120
120

-

-

2
2

-

-

*

”

2

2

“

*

-

WOMEN

PORTERS,

-

(UNDER

T R U C K D R I V E R S , ME D I U M ( I -1/2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

JANITORS,

-

21

CLEANERS

of tables.

----

9

49
49

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

12

Footnotes

1 Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/ or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u rs.
The m edian
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r eac h j o b by t o ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
The m iddle
d e s i g n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown,
range is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f pay ; a fou rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r rate .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late shif ts .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a ry pu rpose o f p rep a rin g jo b d es crip tio n s fo r the B u reau 's w age su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in cla s s ify in g into a ppropriate
occupations w o rk ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork arran gem en ts fro m establish m ent to establish m ent and
fr o m a rea to a rea .
Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational wage ra tes re p res en tin g co m parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in teresta blish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the Bu reau's job d es crip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ifican tly fro m those in use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these jo b d es crip tio n s , the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re instru cted
to exclude w orking s u p e rv is o rs ; appren tices; le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in e e s : and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry, and p roba tion a ry w o rk e rs .

OFFICE
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

P r e p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in vo ic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r.
M ay also keep re c o rd s as to b illin gs o r shipping ch a rges o r p e r fo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork in ciden tal to b illin g opera tio n s. F o r w age study pu rposes, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:

C la ss A . U nder ge n era l su pervision, p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the a pplication o f ex p erien c e and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p ro ce ssin g co m ­
p lica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, selectin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p re s c r ib e d accounting codes and cla ssifica tio n s, o r tra cin g tran saction s through previou s
accounting actions to d eterm in e sou rce o f d is c rep a n cies. M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting c le r k s .

B ille r , machine (b illin g m a ch in e). U ses a sp ecia l b illin g machine (com bination typing
and adding m achine) to p re p a re b ills and in vo ic es fr o m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r ­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in vo lv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch a rges and en try o f n e c e s s a ry exten sion s, which m a y o r
m a y not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and tota ls which a re a u to m a tica lly accum ulated
by m achine. The operation u su ally in vo lv es a la rg e num ber o f carbon co p ies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fan fold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (w ith o r without
a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en era lly in volves the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u re s on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
m achine a u tom a tica lly accum ulates fig u re s on a num ber o f v e r tic a l columns and com putes
and usually prints a u tom a tica lly the debit o r c re d it b alan ces. Does not in vo lv e a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fr o m u niform and standard types o f sa les and c r e d it slip s.

C la ss B . U nder c lo s e su pervision , fo llow in g deta iled in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e r fo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l opera tio n s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , ca rd s, o r w orksh eets w here iden tifica tion o f item s and location s o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking a ccu ra cy and co m pleten ess o f standardized and re p e titiv e re co rd s
o r accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and re tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . May p e rfo rm
c le r ic a l and m anual tasks re q u ired to m aintain file s . P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g defin itio n s.
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te r ia l such as co rrespon d en ce, re p o rts, t e c h ­
n ical docum ents, etc., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f va ried subject
m a tter file s . M a y also file this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re c o rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s . M a y lea d a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o r d
o f business tra n sa ction s.

C la ss B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e a ids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la ted

C la ss A . K eeps a set o f re co rd s re q u irin g a know ledge o f and e x p erien c e in basic
bookkeeping p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p rop e r re c o rd s and d istribu tion o f debit and c re d it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p re p a re consolidated re p o rts , balance sheets, and oth er re c o rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. K eeps a re c o r d o f one o r m o re phases o r sections of a set o f re c o rd s usually
re q u irin g lit t le know ledge o f basic bookkeeping. Ph ases o r section s include accounts payable,
p a y r o ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), cost distribu tion , expense d istribu tion , in ven to ry co n tro l, etc. M ay check o r a ssist
in p rep a ra tion o f t r ia l balances and p rep a re co n trol sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to r e g is t e r s and le d g e rs ;
re co n cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al con sisten cy, com pleten ess, and m ath em atical
a ccu ra cy o f accounting documents; assignin g p r e s c r ib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a ccu racy variou s types o f re p o r ts , lis t s , calcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim ple o r a ssistin g in p rep a rin g m o re co m p licated journal vou ch ers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ire s a know ledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ra c tic e s and procedu res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro ce ssin g and re co rd in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
W ith e x p erien c e, the w o rk er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and p roced u res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin c ip le s o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

u n classified m a te r ia l by sim ple (subject m a tter) head­
fin e r subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple related index and
lo ca tes c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d or which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alph abetical, ch ro n o lo gica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca te s re a d ily a va ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rds m a ­
te r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e r fo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORD ER
R e c e iv e s c u sto m ers' o rd e rs fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch a n dise by m a il, phone, or p erso n a lly.
Duties in vo lv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to cu stom ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet lis tin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p ric e s and quantities o f item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distrib u tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to d eterm in e c r e d it ratin g o f cu sto m er, acknow ledge re ceip t o f o rd e rs fro m cu sto m ers,
fo llo w up o rd e r s to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in vo ic es with o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O LL
Computes w ages o f com pany em p loy ees and en ters the n ece s s a ry data on the p a yroll
sh eets. Duties in vo lv e: Calcu lating w o r k e r s ' earn in gs based on tim e o r production re c o r d s ; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's name, w orking
days, tim e , ra te, deductions fo r in su rance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a ssist pa ym a ster in m aking up and d istribu tin g pay en velo p es. M ay use a calcu lating m achine.

The Bureau has discontinued c o llectin g data fo r co m p to m eter o p era to rs.

13

14
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O pera tes a keypunch m achine to r e c o r d
tabulating card s o r on tape.

o r v e r ify

alphabetic

and/or n um eric

data on

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llo w in g defin itio n s.
C lass A . W ork re q u ire s the a pplica tion o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent in sele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w ed and in search in g fo r , in te rp retin g , sele ctin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f sou rce docum ents. On occa sio n m ay also p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork.
M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p e ra to rs .

N O T E : The t e rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l d efin ition s fo llow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t co rp o ra te -w id e p olicym aking ro le with re g a rd to m a jo r
company a c tiv itie s . The t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t," though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le , does not
in a ll cases id en tify su ch . po sition s. V ic e presiden ts whose p r im a ry re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r ­
son a lly on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c re d it actions;
a d m in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c tly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not con sid ered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la ss A

a ll,
C la ss B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under clo s e su p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g sp e cific
proced u res o r in stru ction s, w orks fr o m v a rio u s stand ardized source documents which have
been coded, and fo llo w s s p e cified p roced u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
little o r no se le c tin g , coding, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be re co rd ed . R e fe rs to s u p erviso r
prob lem s a ris in g fro m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is sin g in form ation .

1. S e c re ta r y to the chairm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a company that em ploys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p erso n s; o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the ch airm an o f the board o r presid en t)
o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p e rs o n s ; or
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m ed ia tely below the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su bsid iary o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

M ESSENGER (O ffic e Boy o r G irl)

1. S e c re ta r y to the chairm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em ploys, in
fe w e r than 100 p e rs o n s : o r

P e r fo r m s va rio u s routine duties such as running erra n d s, operatin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and distrib u tin g m a il, and other m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude position s that re q u ire op era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a significan t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m ed ia tely below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g, re s e a rc h , o p era tio n s, indu strial r e la tion s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r geogra ph ic o r orga n iza tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re g io n a l h eadquarters:
a m a jo r d ivis ion ) o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; or

A ssig n ed as perso n a l s e c re ta ry , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. M aintains a clo s e and h igh ly
resp o n siv e relatio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the s u p e rv is o r. Works fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiv in g a m inim um o f deta iled su p ervisio n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, u su ally including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , perso n a l c a lle r s , and incom ing m a il,
in q u ires, and routes tech n ical in q u iries to the p ro p e r p erson s;

a nsw ers

b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.

R ela y s m e ssa g es fr o m

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , e tc . (o r oth er equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p ers o n s : o r
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m id d le
m anagem ent s u p erviso r o f an o rga n izatio n a l segm ent often in volv in g as many as s e v e ra l
hundred p erso n s) o r a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p ers o n s .

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's ca len dar and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted;

d.

routine

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the board or p resid en t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;
C la ss C

su p e rv is o r to subordinates;

e. R e v ie w s co rresp o n d en c e, m em orandum s, and re p o rts p rep a red
s u p e r v is o r's signatu re to a ssu re p roce d u ra l and typogra ph ic a ccu racy;
f.

by oth ers fo r the

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a geria l person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalent
to one o f the sp e c ific le v e l situations in the definition fo r c la ss B, but whose orga n ization a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at lea st s e v e ra l dozen em p loyees and is usually d ivid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tion al segm ents which a re often , in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f o rga n izatio n a l echelons; in oth ers, on ly one o r two; or
2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r other equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s sten ograph ic and typing w ork.

M ay also p e r fo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f com parab le nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ires know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the orga n ization ,
p r o g ra m s , and p roce d u res re la ted to the w ork o f the s u p e rv is o r.

E xclu sions
Not a ll p osition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p osses s the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f p osition s which a re exclu ded fr o m the defin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

Exam ples

C la ss D
1. S e c re ta r y to the s u p erviso r o r head o f a sm all orga n iza tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); or
2. S e c re ta ry to a n on su p erviso ry sta ff sp e c ia lis t, p ro fe ssio n a l em p loy ee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssistan t, s k ille d technician o r ex p ert. (N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten ogra ph ers, ra th er than s e c re ta rie s as d e s crib e d above, to this le v e l o f s u p erviso ry o r
n on su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)
S TE N O G R A P H E R

a.

P o sitio n s

which

do not m e et the

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

b.

concept d e s crib e d

above;

S tenographers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

c. S tenograp hers se rv in g as o ffic e assistan ts to a group o f p r o fe s s io n a l, tech n ic a l, or
m a n a g e ria l p erson s;
d. S e c re ta r y position s in which the duties a re e ith er su bstantially m o re routine o r
su bstan tially m o re co m p lex and re sp o n sib le than those ch a ra c te riz e d in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation. M ay
also type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fro m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n s c rib e
fro m v o ic e re co rd in gs ( i f p r im a ry duty is tra n scrib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is job is distinguished fr o m that o f a s e c re ta ry in that a s e c re ta ry n orm a lly
w orks in a con fiden tia l relatio n sh ip with only one m a n a ger o r ex ecu tive and p erfo rm s m o re
resp o n sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d e s crib e d in the s e c r e ta r y job definition.
S tenograp her, G en eral

e. A ssista n t type p osition s which in vo lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o re resp o n sib le tech ­
n ica l, a d m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o ry , o r s p e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




D ictation in vo lv es a n orm a l routine vo ca b u la ry. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple re c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

15
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or rep orts on scien tific rese arc h . May also set up and m aintain file s, keep re c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work req u ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy: a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure: and of the specific b u sin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such a s m aintaining followup files; assem bling m ate rial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte r s: com posing sim ple le tters from general instruction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls, such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ila r c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escribed for switchboard o p erator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll” telephone information serv ice occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information se rv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p u rp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
specific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c a lls are referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard op erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custom ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, a cts as receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le rical work a s part of regular
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajo r p art of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calcu lator, collator, in ter­
p rete r, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
A lso excluded are op erators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay a lso operate
EAM equipment.

P ositions a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assign m en ts including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irre g u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring respon sibility is lim ited to
selection and in sertion of prew ired boards.
C la s s B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under sp ecific in­
stru ction s. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g reports or p arts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e le ctrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calcu lator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C o p e rato rs. May be required to do som e wiring from d iag ram s. May train
new em ployees in b asic m achine operations.
C la ss G. Under sp ecific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or ele ctrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. A ssignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple c le rical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal b riefs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to m ake copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been m ade by another person . May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
ria ls for use in duplicating p ro c e s s e s . May do c le rical work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep o rts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m ate rial from sev e ral so u rces; or respon sibility for co rrect spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying d etails to suit circu m stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or cle ar
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations: or copying m ore com plex tab les already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and op erates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro c e ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s, etc.): switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to com puter to c o rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecia l conditions; reviews e r r o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p e rv iso r or p ro g ram er; and m aintains operating r e c o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correctin g
program .
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la s s A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents a re of c ritic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s a re of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often req u ires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate p ro gram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p e rato rs.
C la ss B. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: M ost of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p ro g ram s required; alternate p ro g ram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a ­
tions, d iagn oses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p ro g ram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the c h a ra c te ristic s d escribed for c la s s A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision . Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. Usually has received som e form al training in com puter operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a sy stem s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by autom atic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d iag ram s, the p rog ram er develops the p re c ise in ­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

16
COM PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

of data to achieve d esired r e su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: A pplies knowledge of
com puter cap ab ilities, m ath em atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iag ram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow ch arts to show o rder in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for m achine to follow; te sts and c o rrects p rogram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters
p ro gram s to in crease operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d a s system s an alysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp o n sib le for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
and /or engineering problem s.
F or wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers a re c la ssifie d a s follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all ph ases of program ing concepts and p rac tic e s. Working from d ia­
gram s and ch arts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relation sh ips between v ariou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult becau se com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro c essin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions a s development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between o p eration s, adjustm en ts to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substan tial m anipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional d irection to lower level p ro g ra m ers who a re assig n ed to a s s is t .
C la s s B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or fo rm ats. R eports
and listin gs are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily av ailable. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c e sse d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or. su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing l e s s difficult ta sk s assig n e d , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m e rs.
C la ss C. M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learned in fo r m a l training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine p roblem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assig n m en ts; and work is reviewed to v erify its accuracy and conformance with
required p ro ced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all sp ecification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes su bject-m atter operations to be autom ated and identifies conditions and c r ite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry r e su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tria l runs of
new and revised sy ste m s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s a n aly sis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electron ic data p ro c essin g em ployees, or sy stem s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, sy stem s analysts are cla ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all phases of sy stem s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iv erse so u rces of
input data and m ultip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (F o r exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, co st a n a ly sis, and sa le s an alysis record in which




CO M PUTER

SYSTEM S

ANALYST,

B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with person s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and advises su bject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or revised sy stem s of data p ro cessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor sy stem s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s an alysts who are assign ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B. Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data a re closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for m aintaining d epositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p erson s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises su bject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
stru ctions, and to in sure proper alinement with the overall system .
C la s s C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses a s assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for sy stem s an aly sis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed sp ecification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that d iffer significantly from established drafting p receden ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design o rigin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. A nalyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationsh ips of com ­
ponents and p a r ts. Works with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the appli­
cation of m o st of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b asse m b lie s with irre g u lar shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep are s a rc h i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load ca p a citie s, strengths,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p erv iso r.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C on solidates d etails from a number of so u rces
and adju sts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on source m ate rials a re given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assign m en ts recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a la rge scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, installin g, rep airin g, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following ta sk s: A ssem blin g, testing, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requ ires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electron ic t e s t equipment; trouble an aly sis; and
the operation, relation sh ip, and alinement of electron ic sy ste m s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p arts.

17
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

E lectron ic equipment or system s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications sy ste m s, relay sy stem s, navigation aid s;
airborne or ground rad ar sy stem s; radio and television transm itting or recording sy stem s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp acecraft guidance and control sy stem s; in dustrial and m edical
m easurin g, indicating and controlling devices; etc.
/

A reg iste re d n urse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who become ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in ju ries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le rs and t e s t e r s , craftsm en , draftsm en, d esig n e rs, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving s e ts .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n ec e ssa ry to construct and maintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c rib s, counters, benches, partition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s ta ir s , c a sin g s, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of carp en ter's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P roduces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making rep a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's
handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working p roperties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m ate rials, p arts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling p arts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the installation, m aintenance, or
rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of ele ctric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c­
tric a l equipment such as gen erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b r e a k e r s,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy stem s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and m aintains and may a lso sup erv ise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or e le ctrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air c o m p re sso rs, gen erato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and boiler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ir e s stationary b o ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety v alv es. May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trad e s, by perform ing sp ecific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such a s keeping a w orker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeyman by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled task s a s directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trad e to trad e: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized m achine operations, or p arts of a trad e that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylindrical or surface g rin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s,
sp eed s, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re ss to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classificatio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R ep airs autom obiles, bu se s, m otortrucks, and tra c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in ­
volves m ost of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing rep a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem blin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem blin g and installing the various
a sse m b lies in the vehicle and making n ec e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This c la ssifica tio n does not include m echanics who rep air cu stom ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep a ir shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or partly dism antling m achines and perform ing re p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a m achine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor r e p a irs; preparing written specification s for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this classificatio n are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and installin g and {maintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such a s d rives and speed red u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw right's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu liaritie s and types of paint required for different app lica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail

18
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and in stalling sheet-m etal a rticle s
as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls or rep a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
c o rrec t lengths with chisel and ham m er o r oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy stem s are excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s machine gu ards, g re a se pans, sh e lv es, lo c k e rs, tan ks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C onstructs and re p a irs m achine-shop tools, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ece ssa ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
a s well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required q u alities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
For cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, m aintaining order,
using a rm s or force where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s en terin g.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting property again st fire ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an o rd erly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an o ffice, apartm ent house, or co m m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, tra sh , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fix tu res; polishing m etal fix ­
tures or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance se rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and re stro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is respon sible lor incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te ria ls. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
ced u res, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arg es, and keeping
a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the c o rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other reco rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m a te ria ls to proper departm ents; and maintaining n e c e ssa ry
record s and file s.
F or wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers a re c la ssifie d as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A w orker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru c k s, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m ate rials or m erchandise in proper sto rage location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tran sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with sp ecification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e r s, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting e n clo su res in container; using e x ce lsio r o r other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c ra te s are excluded.




D rives a truck within a city or in dustrial a re a to tran sp ort m ate rials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and re ta il establish m ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord er. D river-salesm en and
o ver-th e-road d riv e rs are excluded.
follow s:

F or wage study p u rp oses, tru ck d rivers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
Truck d river,
Truck d river,
Truck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, t r a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to tran sp ort
goods and m a te ria ls of all kinds about a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers are c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n R e q u es t----The follo w ing ar e a s a r e s u r ve y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v i c e C ontra ct A c t of 1965w i l l be a v a ila b le at no cost while supplies la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o - L a s C r u c e s , N. M e x.
Ala sk a
A lb an y, Ga.
A m a rillo , Tex.
Atla ntic C it y, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.— C.
S.
B a k e r s f i e l d , C ali f.
Baton Rouge, L a.
B i l o x i , Gulfport, and P as c a g o u la , M is s.
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and St amford , Conn.
Ced ar R ap id s, Iowa
Champaign—U r b a n a , 111.
C harle ston, S.C.
C l a r k s v i l l e , Tenn., and H o p k in s v ille , Ky.
C olo rad o Springs, Colo.
Colum bia, S.C.
Columbus, G a —A l a .
Corpus C h r i s t i , T e x .
C ran e, Ind.
Dothan, A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Minn.—W is .
S
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene— p r in g field , O r eg .
S
F a r g o — o o rh ea d , N. D ak —Minn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N. C.
Fitc hb urg—L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k — a g e rs to w n , M d . - P a ^ W . Va.
H
F r e s n o , C ali f.
Grand F o r k s , N. Dak.
Grand Island— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
G r ee n b o ro —
Winston Sa le m — igh Point, N .C .
H
H a r r i s b u r g , Pa.
K n o x v i l l e , Tenn.

Cop ies of public r e l e a s e s a r e or

Laredo, Tex.
L as V e g a s , N ev .
L o w e r E a s te r n Shor e, M d —Va.
Macon, Ga.
M a r q u e tte , Esca naba, Sault Ste.
M a r i e , M ic h.
M e lb o urne — i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F la .
T
( B r e v a r d Co.)
M eridian, M iss.
M id d l e s e x , Monmouth, Ocean, and S o m e r s e t
C os., N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A l a .
N a s h v i l l e , Tenn.
N o r th e a s te r n M aine
N o r w ic h —
Groton— e w London, Conn.
N
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, F la .
Oxnard— im i V a l l e y — e n tu r a , C alif.
S
V
Pan ama C it y, F la .
Ports m o u th , N . H —M ain e — a s s .
M
IPueblo, Colo.
Reno, N e v .
Sa cram e nto , C alif.
Santa B arb a r a —
Santa M a r i a —L o m p o c , C alif.
Sherman—Denison, T e x .
S h re v e p o r t, La.
S p r in g field — hicop ee— oly ok e , M a s s —Conn.
C
H
Top ek a, Kans.
Tucson , A r i z .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d — a p a , C a lif.
N
W ilm ingto n, D e l —N J ^ - M d .
Yuma, A r i z .

R e p o rt s f o r the fo llo w in g s u rvey s conducted in the p r i o r y e a r but since discontinued a r e a ls o a v a ila b le :
A lp ena, Standish, and T aw as City, M ic h.
A s h e v i l l e , N.C .
Au stin, T e x . *
F o r t Smith, A r k —Okla.
G reat F a l l s , Mont.
*

Expanded to an a re a wag e s urvey in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

Le xin gto n , K y . *
P in e B luff, A r k .
Stockton, C alif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Wichita F a l l s , T e x .
See inside back c o v e r .

The tw elfth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r accountants, audito rs, c h ie f accountants, a tto r n e y s , job an alys ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e rs on n e l, b u y ers , c h e m ists,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , dra ft sm en, and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r as B L S Bull etin 1742, N ational S u rv e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, f r o m any of the B L S r e g io n a l s ale s o ff i c e s shown on the back c o v e r , or f r o m the
Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S. G overnm en t P rin tin g O f f ic e , Washington, D .C ., 20402.




•. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G OFFICC: l» 7 9 — 1




A re a W a g e S urveys
A li st of the latest avail ab le bulletins is presente d below. A d i r e c t o r y of a re a w age studies including m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the
r equest of the E m p lo ym ent Standards A d m in is tr a tio n of the Department of L a b o r is availab le on reque st. Bulletins m ay be purchased fr o m any of the B LS
r e g i o n a l s ale s o ff i c e s shown on the back c o v e r , or f r o m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. G ov e rn m en t P rin tin g O f f ic e , Washington, D.C., 20402.
A rea

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




i
i

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

i
i
i
i
i
i

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

i
i
i
i
i
!

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

j

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

!

40
50
55
30
50
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

i

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

M il waukee, W is . , M ay 1972 1------------------ ----------------Minnea polis —St. P a u l, Minn., Jan. 1973______________ __
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ic h., June 1972 1 -------N ew ark and J e r s e y C it y, N .J ., Jan. 1973--------------------N ew Haven, Conn., Jan. 1973_________
_
____ ____
N ew O r lea n s , L a ., Jan. 1973______________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , Ap r. 1972 1
_______________________________
N o r fo l k — i r g i n i a Beach— o r ts m o u th and
V
P
N e w p o rt N ew s—Hampton, V a . , Jan. 1973 1-----------------Oklaho ma City, O k l a . , July 1972--------------------------------Omaha, N eb r .—Iowa, Sept. 1972
_________ — --------P a t e r s o n — li ft o n— a s s a i c , N .J., June 1972 1 --------------C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia, P a . —N .J ., Nov. 1972------------------------------P h o en ix, A r i z . , June 1972 1________________________________
P ittsb urgh , P a . , Jan. 1973 1 _ __ ------ -------------P o r tla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1972
- __________________ P o r tl a n d , O r e g .—Wash., M ay 1972 1 ---------------------------P oug hk eep sie —
Kingston—
Newburgh, N . Y . ,
June 1972 1 _____________ ___________ ________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a rw ic k —
W
Paw tu cket, R.I.—M as s .,
M ay 197 2_____________ __________ _____________ ___ ___________
R ale ig h , N .C . , Aug. 1972-------------------------------------------Richmond, V a . , M ar. 1973---- __ _ _ ____________________
R iverside—
San B er n a rd in o — ntario , C alif.,
O
rJ
\
ro

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

o

40
55
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
55
50
75
65
50
40
40
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
40
40
35

V

1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1775-73,
1775-74,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1775-72,
1725-68,
1775-61,

B ulletin number
and p ric e

Area

Q

A k r o n , Ohio, De c. 1972------------------------------------------------------A lb a n y —
Sch enecta dy— r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1973 1----------------T
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1973__________________________
All en tow n—Bet hlehe m—E as to n , P a . —N .J ., M a y 1972 1 __
Atlanta , G a . , M a y 1972 1______________________________________
A ustin, T e x . , Dec. 1972 1---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug . 1972 1_________________________________
B eau m o nt— o r t A rt h ui—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1972---------P
B in gh am ton , N . Y . , July 1972________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1973 1_____________________________
B o i s e City, Idaho, No v. 1972 1______________________________
Bos ton, M a s s . , Aug. 1972 1__________________________________
B u f fa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 1972 1____________________________________
Bur li n gton , V t. , De c. 1972 1_________________________________
Canton, Ohio , M a y 1973______________________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1973----------------------------------------C h arlo tt e , N . C . , Jan. 1973------------------------------------------------Chat tanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1972 1-----------------------------C h ic ag o , 111., June 1972______________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—In d ., F e b . 1973-----------------------------C le v e la n d , Ohio, Sept. 1972 1--------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , Ohio , Oct. 1972 1----------- ----- ----------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1972 1---------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t —Rock Islan d—M o li n e , Iowa—111., F e b . 1973___
Dayton, Ohio , D ec. 1972______________________________________
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1972---------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, M a y 1973________________________________
D e t ro it , M i c h ., F e b . 1972____________________________________
D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1973-------------- ------ -----------------------------F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o ll y w o o d and W e s t P a l m
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1973----------------------------------------------------F o r t W o rth , T e x . , Oct. 1972 1_______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1972 1--------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S .C ., M a y 1972-----------------------------------------------Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1973---------------------------------------------------H un tsv ill e , A l a . , F e b. 1973-----------------------------------------------Ind iana po lis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1_______________________________
Ja ck so n, M i s s . , Jan. 1973-------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ill e , F l a . , De c. 1972------------------------------------- -----K a n s a s City, Mo .—K a n s . , Sept. 1972----------------------- — ----L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1972 1-------------Le xingto n, K y ., No v. 1972 1---------------------------------------- — —
Little Rock—N o r th Little Rock, A r k . , July 1972 1---------L o s A n g e le s —Lo ng B e a c h and A n a h e i m —Santa AnarG a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , Oct. 1972 1---------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—In d ., No v. 1972----------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1973-------------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , July 1972 1------ ------ ------------- -- -----_____
M e m p h i s , Tenn.—A r k . , No v. 1972------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , No v. 1972 1________________________________ ____
M i d la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1973_____________________

Bulletin number
and p r i c e

R oc h e s te r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e occupations only), July 1972---R oc k ford , 111., June 1972 1 _________________________________
St. L ou is, M o.—111., M ar. 1973 1___________________________
Salt Lak e City, Utah, N ov. 1972 1_________________________
San Antonio, T e x . , M a y 1972--------------------------------------San D ie go , C a lif. , N ov. 1972_______________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1 _____________
San J os e , C a lif., M ar. 1973________________________________
_ ------ --------Savannah, G a . , M ay 1973. ---- _
Scranton, P a . , July 1972____________________________________
Seattle— v e r e t t , Wash., Jan. 1973----E
---- — ------Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak., Dec. 1972 1 _____ ___ ___ _______
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1973_______________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 19721 _
_
-------------- ---------S yracuse. N . Y . , July 1972_________________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972
__________
T o le d o , Ohio— i c h . , A p r . 1973____________________________
M
T re n ton , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1_________________________________
Utica—R om e , N . Y . , July 1972______________________________
Washington, D.C.—Md.—V a . , M ar. 1973____ ____
_____
W a te rb u r y, Conn., M ar. 1973______________________________
W a te rlo o , Iowa, Nov. 1972_ ______ ____________ _______
______________________ __
Wichita, K a n s . , Ap r. 1973____
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M ay 1973______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , Feb. 1973..............................................................
Youngstown—W a rr e n , Ohio, Nov. 1972 _ _ _____________

1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
75
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cent s
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1775-68,

30 cents
45 cents
40 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
75
50
30
40
50
40
40
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
50
40
40
40
40
40
40

cents
cents
cents
cent s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cent s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cent s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB-441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Ftione: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada