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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S a v a n n a h , G e o r g ia , M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ,
May 1972

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 -7 3
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

Region i

Region II
1515 Broadway, Suite 3400
New York, N .Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square'Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Phone: 3 5 3 -1880(Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

«•




Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 -7 3
A ugust 197 2

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Geoffrey H. Moor*, Commieeionw

T h e S a v a n n a h , G e o rg ia , M e tro p o lita n A re a , M a y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Pag*
1.
5.

In tro d u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T a b le s :
4.
6.

1.
2.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n
A - 2. P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s
B - 2 . S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls
B - 3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s
B - 5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s

7.

8.
8.
9.
10
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
17.
19.

A p p e n d ix .




O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402-Price 35 cents

P r e fa c e
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s is d e s ig n e d to p r o v id e data
on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ­
t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d industryd iv is io n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r
th e U n ite d S ta te s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2 ) th e s tr u c tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s am on g
a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin p r e ­
sen ts th e r e s u lt s .
A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s
f o r a rou n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s data f o r ea c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n ts in fo r m a tio n w h ic h has b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in ­
d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a data to r e la t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and th e
U n ite d S ta te s .
N in e t y - fo u r a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In
e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d an n u ally
and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f th e s u r v e y in Savannah, G a .,
in M a y 1972. T h e S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y
th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d ge t ( f o r m e r l y th e B u re a u o f th e
B u d g e t) th ro u g h J a n u a ry 1968, c o n s is ts o f C h ath am C ou n ty. T h is study
w a s c o n d u cted b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in A tla n ta , G a ., u n der
th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f D on ald M . C r u s e , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
f o r O p e r a tio n s .




Note:
S im ila r r e p o r t s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o th e r a r e a s .
back c o v e r .)

(S ee in s id e

U n ion w a g e r a t e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e l s
in th e Savannah a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r s e v e n s e le c te d
b u ild in g t r a d e s .

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ich th e U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is . 1 In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b ­
ta in e d by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ;
t r a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t
o p e r a tio n s and th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e th e y ten d to fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s
stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r
e a c h o f th e b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r an d/ or p re m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b een
rou n ded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d ata,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t i ­
m a te s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e la t in g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h an ges in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
by h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d by n e w w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en
though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le 2, a r e
b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
( 3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d ( 4 ) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e ac c o u n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix . U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d ,
th e e a r n in g s d ata fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m ­
b in e d . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d ,
o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d
in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a ­
tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r
(2 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
E a r n in g s d ata not show n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d
in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e show n.
L ik e w is e , data a r e
in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify
is not a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g and, th u s, c o n trib u te d i f fe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
T h e p a y r e la tio n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p re a d o r d if fe r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d if fe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p ay le v e ls
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p ay tr e a tm e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O th e r p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n ­
tr ib u te to d if fe r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D iffe r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the actu al
r a te s p aid in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r f o r m e d , alth ou gh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i fi e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g
e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s
a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s p e c ific d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

1
Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted try the Bureau under contract. These
areas are Binghamton, N .Y . (New Yoik portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y .
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu dy and not the nu m ber a c tu ­
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and U tica—Rome, N .Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am on g
more lim ited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed
the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if fe r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d ata.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W a g e P r o v is io n s
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s as th e y
r e la t e to p la n t- and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
D ata f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s not
p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s ."
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k ­
e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s
and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in c lu d e d
in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f th e op tim u m
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e l y to h a ve f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l d ata (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e lim it e d to p la n tw o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f (1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n tw o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c if ie d s h ift at th e tim e o f th e
su rvey.
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , th e am ount
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w as u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
th e c la s s i fi c a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s (ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as
a p p ly in g to a ll o f th e p la n t- o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th at e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays a r e th o s e w h ich a m a jo r it y o f f u l l ­
t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at
s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n p la n s (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on th e
b a s is th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t- o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a

m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r
th e p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th ro u gh
B -6 m a y not e q u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f rou n d in g.
D ata on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l im it e d to data on h o l i ­
d a y s g ra n te d an n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v id e d f o r in
w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) h a v e b e en e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m . H o lid a y s o r d i ­
n a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y
and th e w o r k e r is not g ra n te d a n o th e r d ay o ff. T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e
p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts th e n u m b er o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s
a c tu a lly g ra n te d .
T h e s e co n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s
to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in ten d ed as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c ific b e n e ­
f it s .
P r o v is io n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t f o r a ll le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to a ll p la n t- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r than a t im e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d to a t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s ic p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s tim a te s e x ­
c lu d e v a c a tio n bonus and v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and th o s e w h ich o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s ic p lan s w ith q u a lify in g
le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . Such e x c lu s io n s a r e t y p ic a l in th e s t e e l, a lu m in u m ,
and can in d u s tr ie s .
D ata on h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
c lu d e th o s e p la n s f o r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t. Such p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e
c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u g h a union fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m a fund set a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d to h a ve a p la n i f
th e m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s w as e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n der th e p lan ,
e v e n i f le s s than a m a jo r i t y e le c t e d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te to w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p lan . L e g a l l y r e ­
q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and
r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u ra n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y i l ln e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y . I n f o r ­
m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such p la n s t o w h ich th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib ­
u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich h a ve e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u ­
tio n s , 3 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1J c o n trib u te s m o r e
th an is le g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits
w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f th e la w .
T a b u la tio n s o f p a id s ic k

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
3
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

3
le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p ay o r a
p r o p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f
illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to (1 ) p lans
w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ich p r o ­
v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In ad d itio n to th e p r e s e n ­
ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p licated to ta l is shown
o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e it h e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly d is ­
a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon th e e x p ir a tio n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e an d/or
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d p e r io d o f
d is a b ilit y (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til th e end o f
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




th e d is a b ilit y , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
P a y m e n ts m a y be at fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y but a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s r e ­
d uced by s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n
b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ich a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b eyo n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and
s u r g ic a l p la n s . M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n ta l in s u ra n c e u s u a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a r e p lan s w h ich
c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r it t e n b y c o m m e r ic a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r th e y m a y b e p a id f o r by th e e m p lo y e r out o f a fund s e t a s id e fo r
mini­th is p u r p o s e . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p lan s a r e lim it e d to
th o s e p la n s th at p r o v id e r e g u la r p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4

T ab le 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in Savann ah, G a .,1 by m ajor industry d iv is io n / M a y 1 9 7 2
Number of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study2

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied

Plant
Number

A ll divisions

—

--------

Percent

Tota l4

126

58

24. 373

100

17,743

2,947

17,687

50

42
84

23
35

13,009
11,364

53
47

9,773
7,970

1,200

10, 648
7,039

50
50
50
50
50

1
1

8
5
13
4
5

13
4

2, 208

14
44

3, 183
1,005
5, 185
1,084
907

------------- —

Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------------- — — —
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5— - - — - —
Whole sale trade__________ -__ -_______________
Retail tra d e------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate________
S e rv ic e s 8------------ ------ ---------- ---- ------

Office

6
9

( 6)
( 6)
(7)
( 6)

2
1
5
4

1,747
339
(‘ )
<>
(‘ >
(‘ )

2,994
392
2, 256
918
479

1 The Savannah Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (fo rm erly the Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists of Chatham
County.
The "w ork ers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The
estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys
requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
J
Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A- and B -se rie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. Savannah's transit system is municipally operated
and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates
for " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or more of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Over one-half of the workers within scope of the survey in the Savannah area were
employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the m ajor industry groups and
specific industries a6 a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Paper and allied products------ 41
Transportation equipment-------13
Chemicals and allied
products______________________11
Food and kindred products----- 10
Lumber and wood products---- 10

Specific industries
Paperm ills, except building
36
Industrial chemicals------------Millwork, plywood and
related products____________
Ship and boatbuilding and

8

6
6

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d . S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m th e in d e x y ie ld s
the p e r c e n ta g e ch an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r io d to the d ate o f
the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge o r in c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n ge s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a te s . A n n u a l r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e
show n, r e f l e c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m on th s w h en the tim e
p e r io d b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m on th s. T h e s e c o m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p tio n that w a g e s in c r e a s e d at a c o n sta n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n ge s in the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .

sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e c h an ge. T h e in d e x is the p ro d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y the r e la t iv e f o r the n ext s u c c ee d in g
y e a r and c on tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d ) each y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d ex.
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r the n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n ges in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts . T h e p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in
ea c h g ro u p .
L im it a t io n s o f D ata

M e th o d o f C om p u tin g
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f c h a n ge, as m e a s u r e s o f
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y:
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e jo b , and (3 ) c h an ges in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e re d u c tio n s , and c h an ges in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p ay l e v e ls .
C h an ges in th e la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n ge s . It is c o n c e iv a b le
that e v e n though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w a g e in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a o r exp an d ed th e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y h a ve r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c on sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y h a ve r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s ig n e d a c o n sta n t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance ( men):
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
Mechanics
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Clerks, payroll
class B
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
Messengers (office boys or
women):
cleaners
Laborers, material handling
girls)
Nurses, industrial (registered)

T h e u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n ge s in th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each jo b i n ­
clu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly ch an ges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
c h an ges in sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p re m iu m p a y
f o r o v e r t im e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t ca u sed
b y c h a n ge s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r ea c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt i­
p lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, and the p ro d u c ts f o r a ll o c c u p a tio n s
in th e g ro u p w e r e to ta le d .
T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s
w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the la t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e re s u lta n t r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t,




5

6




T ab le 2.
Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups in S avann ah, Ga., M ay 1971 and M ay 1 9 7 2 ,
and p ercents of c h a n g e 1fo r selected periods

Period

Office
clerica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Indexes (May 1967=100)
May 1971.. ___________________________________
May 1972_______________________________________

125.2
134.6

( 2)
( 2)

122.2
131.1

119.4
128.8

Percents of change 1
June I960 to May 1961:
11-month change___________________ -________
Annual rate of change.. ____________________

2.0
2.2

( 2)
( 2)

2.8
3.1

3
—2.3
3
—2.5

May 1961 to June 1962:
13-month increase__________________________
Annual rate of increase_____________________

4.7
4.3

( 2)
( 2)

5.8
5.3

5.3
4.9

June 1962 to May 1963:
11-month increase_______________________ ___
Annual rate of increase_____________________

2.3
2.5

( 2)
( 2)

1.4
1.5

1.3
1.4

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

2.7
4.2
.5
2.9
6.7
5.0
5.0
6.4
7.5

( 2)
( )
)
(>
()
( 2)
(1 3
2)
( )
( 2)

3.0
3.4
3.6
3.6
3.1
7.4
6.0
4.2
7.3

3.2
3.1
2.2
4.9
7.7
4.7
3
—.2
6.0
7.9

1963 to
1964 to
1965 to
1966 to
1967 to
1968 to
1969'to
1970 to
1971 to

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1964_________________________
1965_____________ ____________
1966_________________________
1967_________________________
1968______________________
1969______________ _________
1970_________________________
1971_________________________
1972.........................................

1 A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.
2 Data do not meet publication criteria.
3 This decline largely reflects shifts in employment between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage
decreases.

7

A.

O c c upa tiona l earnings

T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Savannah, Ga., May 1972)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Number
of
workers

$
A verage

S

$

S

I

$

*

$

S

$

$

S

t

S

S

S

S

t

$

%

hours'
(standard)

M ean 2

M ed ian2

M iddle range2

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21 0

75

Sex, occupation, and industry division

70

$

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22 0

1

2

4

2

5

”

2
2

2
1

7
7

4
3

2
2

4
3

2
1

“

*

*

*

4
4

1
1

4
3
1

6
4
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
under

“

MEN

21

3 9 .0

$
$
111.00 122.50

$
$
82 .5 0-131 .5 0

i

4

ACC OU NT IN G, CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------

33
24

3 9 .0
39.5

133.00
137.00

137.00
138.00

113.00-152.50
123.00-154.00

-

-

“

“

4
1

C LE RK S, ACCOU NT IN G, CLASS 8 --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------

66
48
18

40 .0
40.0
39.5

105.50
107.50
100.00

106.00
109.00
97 .5 0

92.5 0-116 .5 0
96.50-118.50
84 .5 0-114 .0 0

-

4
2
2

7
4
3

3
2
1

6
3
3

4
4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

MESSENGERS

(OFF IC E

BOYS)

1

1

WOMEN

C LE R KS .

m anufacturing

-

-

”

2
1

-

9
7
2

“

3
3

4
3
13
9
4

“

-

A ---------------

22

39.5

120.50

114.00

106.00-145.50

-

-

-

-

3

-

2

4

3

2

1

-

-

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

32
18

38.0
98.00
3 9 . C 104.00

94.50
106.00

89 .0 0-107 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 C 9 .5 0

-

2

4

4
1

7
7

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

*

8
5

i

-

3
2

“

*

“

S ECRET ARIES -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

97
55
42
15

3 9 .0
39.0
39.0
40.0

138.50
134.50
144.00
175.50

136.50
136.50
137.50
177.00

117.00-166.00
11 6.00-157.50
11 7.50-176.50
16 9.00-179.50

-

-

1

-

-

6
6

-

4
4

5
4
1
1

9
5
4
4

12
3
9
8

3
2
1

“

1
1

1

7
3
4

3
3

-

6
2
4

1
1

-

8
3
5

-

-

i
i

3
2

*

”

B --------------------------

19

3 8 .0

146.00

140.00

124.00-169.00

4

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS C -------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------

41
29

39.0
39.5

144.50
145.50

145.00
146.50

129.00-169.00
131.00-164.00

.

107.50
107.50

9 5 .0 0-140 .0 0
93.0 0-127 .5 0

-

-

i
i

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

_

-

-

2

1

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------S EC R E T A R I E S ,

CLASS

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

27
17

39.5
39.0

119.00
109.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

60
37

39.5
39.5

125.50
117.00

119.50
117.00

10 6.00-139.50
106.50-124.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI OR ---------------------------MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

76
39
37

38.5
3 9 .5
37.0

121.00
127.00
114.50

122.00
130.00
114.00

105.50-138.00
117.00-140.00
100.50-132.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

23
20

38.5
38.5

93.50
88.00

87.50
84.00

78.00-105.00
7 7 .5 0 - 99.50

SWITCHBOARD O PE RA TO R- RE CE PT ION I S T S MA NUF ACT U R I N G --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

36
21
15

39.5
39.5

4 0 .0

100.50
108.00
90.00

94.00
110.00
88.00

TYPISTS,

22

39.5

88.00

90.50

CLA SS

B -------------— ----------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

“

16
7
9

11
10
1

-

4

2

-

4

1

1

-

-

1

_

2
2

7
4

6
6

3
3

5
5

6
2

2
2

1
”

-

-

*

“

i

1
1

2
2

1
1

1

-

4

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

*

2
2

-

9

1
*

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

3
3

6
6

_

“

6
i

2
2

1
1

1
1

2
1

-

7
6

4
1

7
5

5
4

5
5

10
7

2
2

3
2

2
2

2

1

4
2
2

-

3

9
4
5

4

-

4
1
3

3

-

4

9
7
2

7
3
4

5
3
2

15
10
5

12
8
4

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

2

*

*

*

i
i

-

4
2
2

2
2

2
2

3
2
1

-

2
2

3
3

3

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

*

“

_

-

2
2

7
7

2
2

2
2

*

8 6 .0 0-116 .0 0
9 1 .0 0-129 .0 0
8 5 . 5 0 - 95 .0 0

-

2
1
1

5
3
2

9
1
8

3
2
1

*

84 .0 0-

1

1

5

4

7

4

94.50

-

*

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

i

-

1
1

-

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

8
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s io n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Savannah, Ga.f May 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
dard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t

weekly
hours1
(standard)

t

110
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

I

S

i

1

t

$

1

t

S

115

12 0

12 5

130

13 5

160

165

150

155

160

16 5

170

17 5

180

185

190

195

200

20 5

21 0

12 0

12 5

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

18 0

185

190

195

200

205

210

21 5

1

1

2

3

—

-

—
-

1
1

and
under
115

MEN

$

$

$

B -----------

21

39.5

155.00

150.00

16 1.00 -

172.50

1

DRAFTSMEN, C L A SS 8 -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

19
16

60.0
60 .0

162.00
155.00

150.00
166.00

16 2.00 16 1.00 -

190.00
169.00

—

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

CLASS

$
—
-

—

—

-

-

—

2
2

1
1

3
5

5

1
2

1

2

—

1

2

-

-

2

1
1

—

2

1
—
-

3

-

-

—
-

1

1

1
1

-

2
-

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A - 3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Savannah, Ga., May 1972)
Averagi

Average

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

*5

C L E R K S , A C C O U NT I N G, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURI NG ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

69

C LE R K S , PAYROLL ■
MANUFACTURING

20

35

69

20

39.0
39.0

$
137.00
160.00

6 0 . C 106.50
6 0 . C 108.00
39.5 106.00

Weekly
(standard)

O F FI C E

O C CU PA TI ON S

C L E R K S , A C C O U NT I N G, CL AS S A
MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------

Number
of

O C CU PA TI ON S

-

C ONTINUED

C L A SS

3 9 .C
39.0
3 9 .0
60.0

$
1 3 8 . 5C
136.50
166.00
175.50

8 ---------------------

19

38.0

166.00
166.50
1 6 5 . 5C

15

39.5
39.5

129.00
128.00

S EC R E T A R I E S , C LA SS C --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

61
29

39.0
39.5

S E C R E TA R I ES , C LA SS 0 --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

27
17

3 9 . 5 1 1 9 . 0C
3 9 . C 109.00

STENOGRAPHERS, g e n e r a l --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

61
37
26

39 .5
39 .5
60.0

STENOGRAPHFRS, S ENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUF AC TUK I N G ----------------------------

76
39
37

3 8 . 5 1 2 1 . 0C
3 9 .5 12 7 .0 0
3 7 . C 11 6.50

A ---------------

22

39.5

120.50

KEYPUNCH O PERATORS, CLASS 8 --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

32
18

38.0
3 9 .0

9 8 . 0C
106.00

MESSENGERS

22

39.0

110.00

KEYPUNCH O PERATORS ,

(O FFIC E

CLA SS

BOYS

ANO G I R L S I -

See footnote at end of tables.




Aveng,

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE
97
55
62
15

S ECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------S E C R E TA R I ES ,

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

126.50
117.00
161.00

O CCU PA TI ON S

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
93.50
88 .0 0

CONTI NUED

SWITCHBOARD O PERATORS, C L AS S 8 -------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

23
20

38.5
3 8 .5

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

36
21
15

39.5 100.50
3 9 .5 1 0 8 .0 0
6 0 .C
90.00

TYPISTS,

22

3 9 .5

88 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLA SS 8 --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

25
17

3 9 .0
39.0

151.00
16 9.00

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ----------------------------------------

19
16

60 . C
6C.0

16 2.00
15 5.00

CLA SS

B -----------------------------------------

—

P R OFE SSI ON AL AND TE CHNI CAL
O CCUPATI ONS

-

1
1

9
T a b le A -4 .

M ain te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t occu p atio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Savannah, Ga., May 1972)
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of----

s

s

S
2.10

*

S

*

*

*

2.90

3.00

3.60

S
3.80

*.00

S
*.20

$

2.80

S
3.*0

*

2.50

S
3.20

i

2. *0

»
2.70

%

2.30

$
2.60

t

2.20

*.*0

*.60

*.80

t
5.00

5.2

2.0C

Sex, occupation, and industry division
workers

$
2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.*0

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.20

3. *0

3.60

3.80

*.00

*.20

*.*0

*.60

*.80

5.00

5.20

5.*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

73
73

2
2

*
1.90

Number
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

t

and
un der

MEN
$

$

*.33
*.33

*.58
*.59

$
3.89 3.88 -

$
*.85
*.85

*•51

*.81

*.07 -

*.87

*.*9

*.8 1

*.0 6 -

*.87

3 .*5

3 .9 6
3 .9 9

2 .0 9 2 .0 8 -

*.19
*.22

*.5 *
*.5 3

*.82
*.8 2

*.0 9 -

*.86

*

*.0 8 -

*.86

*

C AR P ENT ERS , MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------

27
25

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------

1* *

F I R E M E N , S TA TI ONARY B OI LE R ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

71
67

3 .*5

M A C H I N I S T S , MAI NTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------

89

M EC HA NI CS, AUTOMOTIVE
( MA I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1*8

87

66
*8

3 .9 3
3 .7 9

3 .7 8
3 .6 8

3 .*9 3 .** -

*.63
*.3 8

18

*.3 0

*.3 *

3 .8 0 -

300
295

*.2 5
*.2 *

*.2 7
*.2 6

3 .7 8 3 .7 7 -

3*
32

*.3 8
*.3 *

*.62
*.62

3 .9 7 3 .9 6 -

*.6 7
*.6 6

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

113
113

*.6 9
*.6 9

*.8 2
*.8 2

*.5 5 *.5 5 -

*.8 6
*.8 6

2
2

2

f
c

6

-

*

.

_
-

_

4

-

4

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

*
*

21
21

16

6
6

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

-

16

1

-

6

1

3

-

8
8

15
15

9
9

2
2

8
8

1
0
10

*
*

*

-

1
1

2

1*
1*

_

*.8 3
*.83

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

*

12
1
2

*.78

M EC HA NI CS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

2
2

-

-

-

*
*

16

1
1
5

10
1
0

2
2

1*
1*

9
9

*
*

53
53

8
6

-

19
19

"

4
*

-

4

.

55

1

55

*

i
-

1
1
1
1

*
-

i

“

4

2

4

5

-

-

1

2

4

2
1
1

22
22

18
18

*0
*0

2
2

*
*

1
1

2
2

-

-

3
3

-

12
12

-

4

4

6

28
28

-

-

28
28

19
19

_

96
95

-

*

8
*

-

2

66

4

66

4

“

10
T a b le A -5 .

C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu di e d on an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M edian2

M a y 1972)

Middle range 2

t
1.70

(
1.80

$
1.90

s
2.00

*
2.10

t
2.20

*
2.60

s
2.90

t
3.00

s
3.10

$

$

2.70

t
2.80

%

2.50

»
2.60

$

2.30

3.20

3.30

3.60

S
3.50

t
3.60

s
3.80

*
6.00

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.60

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.60

3.50

3.60

3.80

A *00

over

6

S
1.60
M ean 2

Ga.,

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings5
Number
of
workers

Savannah,

6

A

-

-

5

-

6

A

1

A

~

1

6

7

5

5

-

1

-

*

-

-

-

_

_

$

$

and
un de r
1.70

MEN

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

$

$

$

$

56

2.81

2.89

2.06 -

3.65

34

3.22

3. Al

2.79

3.55

GUARDS
*

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

22

2.19

1.99

1.90 -

2.83

-

-

J A N I T O R S , PO RTER S, ANO CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

303
88

2.12
2.62

1.79
2.66

1 .68 2 .33 -

2.66
2.95

90
*

66
2

LAB ORE RS , M AT ERI AL H AN DL I NG --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG ----------------------------------

256
190
66

2.63
2.63
2.61

2.A9
2.60
2.28

2.062 .21 1.81 -

3.22
3.13
3.83

R E C E I V I N G CLERKS ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

26
20

2.^8
2.75

3.05
2.78

2 .58 2.19-

3.31
3.23

TRUCKORIVERS
-----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

267
56
221

2.81
3 . 16
2.76

2.93
3.52
2.91

2.35 2 .59 2 .31 -

3.51
3.56
2.99

6
6

16
16

1.97
1.79

1.82

36

1.76 1.73-

1.96
1.89

TRU CK ORI VE RS , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I N C L U D I N G 6 TONS 1 ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

91
67

2. 8C
2.58

2.58
2.56

2 .51 2.05 -

3.55
2.60

*

TRU CK DRI VER S, HEAVY ( OVER A TONS,
T RA I LE R T Y P E ) ----------------------------------------

33

2.72

2.59

2 .27 -

3.07

TRUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

350
331

2.98
2.99

3.05
3.06

2 .68 2 .59 -

3.53
3.53

TRUCKERS, POWER ( OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ----------------------------------------

75
75

3.10
3.1C

3.52
3.52

2.28 2 .28 -

68
20

2.13
2.79

1.85
3.0A

1.66 2 .03 -

TRU CK DRI VER S,

LIGHT

6

6

6

A

-

-

-

-

22
1

A
6

2
-

6
6

6
3

23
23

-

20
10
10

10
1
9

20
16
A

16
16

-

-

_

_

-

”

*

-

6

-

7
6
3

26
22
2

-

6
6

-

_

2
2
-

9
8
i

-

-

31
28
3

11
ll

-

A

1

-

-

9
9

7
A

7
6

5
-

5
-

3

-

-

-

6
6

-

3

-

-

i

31
30
1

-

6
6

-

-

“

*

_

_

-

*

A
A

1
1

35
2
33

i
i

1
l

32
32

-

3

-

_

21

9
9

A

2
2

10
10

A
A

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

3

2
2

2

-

-

2
-

30
26

28
28

6
6

12
12

7
7

3
2

5
*
>

3.57
3.57

-

-

-

-

-

”

*

22
22

-

*

2
2

-

~

2
2

3.03
3.09

21

7
1

A
A

1

1
1

21
-

A
-

-

-

5
1

i

-

67
67

-

1
-

-

-

1

1

3
1

2
2

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

30
29
1

2
-

38
-

2

38

20
1

2
2

10
10

_

_

111
111

8
8

6

63
63

6
6

_

1

_

-

-

-

6
i

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

A

5

-

-

-

-

16
12

56
56

8
8

6
6

1C
10

-

-

2
2

_

•

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

1

36
36

-

-

*

”

22

-

-

-

-

22

-

A
-

-

(UNDER
12

-

-

“

J A N I T U R S , PO RTER S, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

_

.

11
11

6

_

-

-

1
1

2
2

WOMEN




2
-

-

-

72

_

12
12

-

72
-

2

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

3
3

11
5
6

7
7

-

30
15

-

_

-

_

11

B.

E s t a b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p ro v is io n s

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e

s a la rie s f o r w o m e n

o ffic e w o rk e r s

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women officeworkers. Savannah, Ga., May 1972)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-time sa la ry4

Establishments having a specified minimum______________
Under $ 62.50-------------------------------------------------------$ 62.50 and under $ 65.00________________________________
$ 65.00 and under $ 67.50________________________________
$ 67.50 and under $ 70.00________________________________
$ 70.00 and under $ 72.50— _____________________________
$ 72.50 and under $ 75.00 _____________________________________________
$ 75.00 and under $ 77.50
___________________________________________
$ 77.50 and under $ 80.00_________________ ______________________________
$ 80.00 and under $ 82.50________________________________________________
$ 82.50 and under $ 85.00___________ __________________________________
$ 85.00 and under $ 87.50________________________________________________
$ 87.50 and under $ 90.00________________________________________________
$ 90.00 and under $ 92.50________________________________________________
$ 92.50 and under $ 95.00________________________________
$ 95.00 and under $ 97.50___ _________ ____ _ _ ___________

58

23

XXX

A ll
schedules

35

37
*/2

XXX

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

58

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—

23

40

XXX

A ll
schedules

35

40

XXX

1

1

2

1

1

23

8

7

15

9

_
1

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

_
1
-

_
1
-

-

-

_
2
3

-

-

-

-

1
4
1
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

3

-

5
1

2

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
2

1
1
1
2

1

1

-

-

-

1
3
1
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
2

-

-

XXX

-

XXX

XXX

14

10

XXX

4

XXX

XXX

XXX

21

5

XXX

16

XXX

-

-

1

1

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category ________________________________________________________________

54

21

XXX

-

33

-

1

-

-




37‘/
2

A ll
industries

3

Establishments having no specified minimum_____________________

See footnotes at end of ta b le s .

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

Establishments studied________________________________

Other inexperienced clerica l workers 5
Nonmanufacturing

1

-

-

-

-




T a b le B - 2 .

S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

(Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential.
Savannah, Ga., May 1972)
(A ll plantworkers in manufacturing = 100 percent)
Percent of manufacturing plantworkers—
In establishments having provisions 7
for late shifts

Late-shift pay provision

Actually working on late shifts

Second shift

TotaL _ ____

__________

_ __________ _

Third or other
shift

Second shift

Third or other
shift

89.1

76.2

21.7

15.4

_

No pay differential for work on late shift_____

10.7

Pay differential for work on late shift________

78.4

76.2

18.7

15.4

71.7

69.5

17.6

15.4

4.5
4.0
6.5
47.3
3.5
2.7
1.0

1.2
.9
1.1
12.3
.9
.4
.7
.2
-

_
.4
.6
.4
1.6
1.8
9.5

-

_
1.5
4.0
4.2
7.7
8.9
34.5
1.0
2.7
5.0

. _____

6.7

6.7

1.1

-

7 percent________ __________ _______
10 percent— ________________________
—
15 percent. ___
. —
.. _______

2.6

2.6

.5

_

4.1

4.1

3.1

Type and amount of differential:
Uniform cents (per hour). .

.

__

4 cents..
__ _____ ____ ___ .
5 cents__________________ ____ ___ ___
6 cents
______
__
___
7 cents___ _,_______________ _________
8 cents__
___ ___ ___
_ _
9 cents
. . . . . .
10 cents. ____
. . .
. . . ..
12 cents______________ _________ _____
13 cents
. ..
________ . . __
13*A cents____________________________
IS cents.
16 cents.
- .
___
___ . ___
Uniform percentage________

See footnote at end o f tables.

.

2.2

.6

.1

.4

.6

-

13

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly hours and days

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of first-shift workers. Savannah, Ga., May 1972)
Off ice worker s

Plantworkers
Weekly hours and days

A ll workers________

____________________

35 hours— 5 days_____ ________________________
36 hours— 5 days_______________ ______________
36V4 hour9 5 days______ __________________ ____
—
3 7 V2 hours— 5 days_____________________________
38 hours— 5 days_______________________________
40 hours. . . ______ ......______ ... ___________
4 days
_.
. „
_
S Hays_ _
_
42 hours— 5 days.. _
_ ___ ___ . ___________
43 hours— 5 days________ __________ _________
44 hours_____ ___________________________ _____
5 days ___ ___ ______ ... ....________________
5'/2 days_____________________________________
45 hours— 5 days_______
_____________________
48 hours— 6 days_________________ _______ ___ 50 hours
__________________________________
5 days..____________________________ __
6 days

See footnote at end of tables.




A ll industries

10 0

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

1

1
79
2
77
9
4
4
6
-

99
99
-

1
1
77
1

76
5
1
3
3
2
3
2
1
1

1
1

Manufacturing

Public utilities

10 0

100

100

10

100

2
1

A ll industries

2
4
11
81
81

7
3
12

67
67
1
1
(’ )
"
-

3
3
“

*
21
79
79
“
*
“

14

T a b le B -4 .

P a id holidays

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Savannah, Ga., May 1972)
Plantworkers

Officeworkers

Item
Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

100

92

98

100

100

10

-

8

2

-

-

3
7
20

-

-

-

4
77
1
1
-

1
21
1
25
2
21
25
i

1
8
4
3
19
62
3

2
-

2
4
22
31
1

3
15
1
6
19
53
3

1
32
54
58
61
81
87
90

3
56
75
81
82
97
100
100

-

1
1
88
92
92
92
92
92

i
27
48
50
76
97
98
98

3
65
84
87
91
99
100
100

A ll industries

A ll w ork ers_______________________________
Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays--— ----------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays--- -------------- -----------------

Public utilities

Number of days
2 holidays- — — — —
— -----------3 holidays_____________ __________________ ____
5 holidays_________ _____________ _____________ —
5 holidays plus 2 half days- - — 6 holidays------- -------------------------- --- 7 holidays---- ----------------------------- -------— ----ft holidays— -r
9 holidays----- — — ----------------------------- ------10 holidays —
—— — — — — —— — — —— —
—
— —
——

C)

10
88
-

-

Total holiday time 1
0
10 days____________________________________ _
9 days or m ore— — —
—— — — — — — — —— —
—
—
8 days or m ore——— —
——
—— —---------------7 days or m ore_— —— — —
— — —— _— _
—
6 days or m ore-----------------------------------------5 days or m ore— — — — —— —— — —
—
3 days or m ore——— ———— — — — —
—
——
2 days or m ore-------- ---------------------- -----—

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_
-

88
98
98
100
100
100

15

T a b le B -5 .

P aid vacatio n s

See footnotes at end of tables.




16

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s -----C o n tinued

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Savannah, Ga. , May 1972)
O fficeworkers

Plantworkers
Vacation policy

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay1— Continued
1
A fter 10 years of service
1
15
82
2
(9)

7
90
3
-

“

1
15
71
8
5
(9)

7
83
10
-

_
1
99
-

15
31
54
-

82
1
1
-

1
10
53
36
(9)

2
31
67
-

1
99
-

2
29
12
51
4
(’ )

15
13
68
5
*

1
81
1
1
-

1
9
21
65
4
(’ )

.
2
12
76
10
-

1
(9)
98
.

1 week__________________________________________
2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------3 w eeks________________________ — ----------------4 w eeks_____ ___________ _______________________
5 w eeks--------------------------------------------------6 weeks______________ ________ _______________ _
Over 6 weeks--------------- — - ------------

2
29
7
26
33
1
<
9)

.
15
4
34
48
*

1
24
57
11
-

1
9
14
47
30
(9)

_

_

2
9
30
59
-

1
(9)
49
49
.
-

Maximum vacation available*
1 week—--- — ---------------- — —----......— —------2 weeks ———— —
———
—— — — — —— —
— ——
3 w eek s_______________________________________ 4 weeks — — — — — — — — ....—
5 weeks
6 we^ks
__Over 6 weeks-______——...— ------ -----— ----------

2
29
7
26
14
20
(9)

-

-

1

-

-

15
4
34
13
35
“

-

9
14
47
13
17
(9)

2
9
30
18
42

1
(9)
49
49

1 we ek— — — — — —— — — — — — —— — — — —
—
Z w eeks__________ ___. __— ----— —
_
______ ——
...—
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks_____________________
3 w eeks________________________________________
4 weeks _ ______________ ___________________
_
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks--------------------------6 w eek s---------------------------------------------------

2
36
2
56
3
(9)

20
3
72
5
-

93
-

2
36
2
55
4
(’ )

_
20
3
70

93

-

-

6
“

2
30
35
31
(9)

1
99
-

A fter 12 years of service
1 we ek—
------- ---------— ----------— -----------------2 weeks ---- -— .— -----—
—— -------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------3 w eeks________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s-------------- — ----4 weeks ..._______ _____________________________ _
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks--------------------------6 weeks---------------------------------------------------

_

_

A fter 15 years of service
1 week----------------------------------------------------2 weeks________________________________________
3 weeks — _____________ ___.....____.....
4 w eeks--------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 w eeks--------------------------6 weeks ----------— --------------- ---------------------A fter 20 years of service
week
__________________ _ _ _
2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------3 w eeks________________________________________
4 weeks .. —
—— —....... ..............................
5 weeks
______ - __- _____
Over 6 weeks-------------------------------------------1

A fter 25 years of service

* Estimates of provisions for 30 years of service are identical.
See footnotes at end of tables




1
24
57

1
1
“

-

-

*

17

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Savannah, Ga. , May 1972)
Plantworkers
Type of benefit and
financing1
2

A ll w orkers--------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below ----------L ife insurance------------------------------------Noncontributory plans----------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance-----------------------------------------Noncontributory plans----- ----------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both1 ----------------------------3

A ll industries

100

Manufacturing

Officeworkers
Public utilities

100

100

A ll industries

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

97

100

100

98

100

100

95
63

100
74

100
82

97
72

100
82

100
74

72
28

74
18

85
7
.7

79
35

84
26

65
64

76

92

60

89

86

99
36
35
67

Sickness and accident insurance_______
Noncontributory plans______________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)________________________

61
22

88
32

33
25

17
9

20
11

14

5

11

77

75

7

2

42

4

Long-term disability insurance--------------Noncontributory plans----------------------Hospitalization insurance__________________
Noncontributory plans----------------------Surgical insurance-------------------------------Noncontributory plans----------------------Medical insurance-------------------------------Noncontributory plans----------------------Major medical insurance----------------------Noncontributory plans----------------------Dental insurance__________________________
Noncontributory plans----------------------Retirement pension________________________
Noncontributory plans-----------------------

11
10
95
40
95
40
87
37
90
37
4
4
65
57

20
19
100
39
100
39
93
39
94
39
4
4
83
76

-

54
25
97
44
97
44
92
43
97
43
10
10
85
74

See footnotes at end of tables.




100
82
100
82
100
82
100
82
11
11
53
53

31
75
27
100
37
100
37
96
37
100
37
2
2
92
80

100
74
100
74
100
74
100
74
55
55

18
F o o tn o te s
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a r d fo o t n o t e s m a y not a p p l y to th is b u ll e tin .

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ia n
design a tes p ositio n — h a lf o f
the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te sho wn; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r ra te .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h ifts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s tan da rd
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c lu d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a te s h ifts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d ay s that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h 9 f u l l d a y s and no h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d ays and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d ays and 4 h a l f d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t
1
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t of
annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s p ay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n ge s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5
and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3
w e e k s' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y ea rs of s e rv ic e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p lans f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
p l a n s " i n c lu d e o n l y th o s e p la n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
3
l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s ic k
l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e xc lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements 'from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O

F

F

C

E

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting clerica l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerica lly processing com­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more
class B accounting clerks.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, in ter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
matter files. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Perform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers:
reconciling bank accounts: verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




I

unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Class C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o£ customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, P A Y R O LL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for oilers and plumbers.

19

20
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.

N O TE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerica l staff) are not considered to be
“ corporate o ffic e rs ” for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting p roce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.
MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate o fficer level, of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor clerical work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerica l and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine in­
quiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Class A

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the office r lev el, over either a m ajor
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial re la ­
tions, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons: or
5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but W'hose organizational
unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; jjr
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that employs, in all, few er than 5,000 persons.
Class D

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "sec reta ry " possess the above characteristics.
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:
a.

Positions which do not m eet the "personal"

b.

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons): or
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory worker.)

Examples

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

secretary concept described above;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially m ore complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

STENOGRAPHER
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine
Operator, General).
N O TE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records,
or perform other relatively routine clerica l tasks

21
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class A . Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety o f long and complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences of long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is limited to
selection and insertion of prewired boards.

OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, proce­
dures, file s, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible clerica l tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.

Class B . Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rger and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handies
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ite d ” telephone information service
occurs i f the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

Prim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.

Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.

These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.

TY PIS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.

Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Typing material in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or responsibility fo r correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.
P

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F

E

COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet
special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or program er; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.
F or wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to m inim ize downtime:
the programs are of complex design so that identification of e rro r source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing




Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.
S

S

I

O

N

A

L

A

N

D

T

E

C

H

N

I

C

A

L

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new programs required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In common error situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
programed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge o f the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine programs. Usually has received some formal training in computer operation.
May assist higher level operator on complex programs.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program er develops the precise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation

22
COM PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters
programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or program ers prim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, programers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Program s (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level programer by independently p er­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
C la s s C . Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A NA LYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures fo r solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall
operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programing should be clas­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problem s are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COM PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problem s are of limited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system.
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example,
may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities o f m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
D RAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised
during progress.
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by performing one or more
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the performance of most or all of the following tasks: Assembling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use o f general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.

23
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

Electronic equipment or systems worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; ele c­
tronic computers; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending £o subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsmen, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)
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CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c­
trical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and r e frig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs auton'.obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dis­
assembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling Qr fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in auto­
mobile repair shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

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P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, forming,, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage m aker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,' fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

SH E E T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting
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F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.
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PACKER, SHIPPING— Continued

Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of employees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds o f prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
premises of an office, apartment house, or comm ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fix ­
tures or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container: and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates: and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

LABORER, M A TE R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or warehouse helper)

L

shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper;

TRUCKDRIVER

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who lead and unload ships are
excluded.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.

ORDER F ILLE R

follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under l J z tons)
/
medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to ve rify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

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A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a r e s u rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile su p p lies la s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

C o p ie s o f p ublic r e le a s e s a re

Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L e x in g to n , K y .
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, Md.—V a.
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E sca n ab a, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean and S o m e rs e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N ew London— r o to n -N o r w ic h , Conn.
G
N o r th e a s te r n M ain e
Ogden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
O xnard—V en tu ra, C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o rts m o u th , N .H .—M ain e— a s s .
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R en o, N e v .

A la s k a
A lb a n y, Ga.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity , M ich .
A m a r illo , T e x .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A ugusta, G a —S.C .
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B rid g e p o rt, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C h a rle sto n , S.C .
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin gs, C o lo .
C olu m b ia, S.C.
C olum bus, G a —A la .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
D u lu th -S u p erior, M in n —W is.
D urham , N .C .
E l Paso, T ex.
E ugen e, O re g .
F a r g o — o o rh ea d , N . Dak.—M inn .
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg — e o m in s te r , M a s s .
L
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F r e d e r ic k — a g ersto w n , M d.—P a .—W. V a.
H
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
G r e e n s b o ro -W in s to n Salem —H igh P o in t, N .C .
H a r ris b u r g , P a .
H u n ts ville , A la .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

Sacram en to,

C a lif.

Santa B a rb a r a , C a lif.
S h re v e p o rt, L a .
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s —Conn.
C
H
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T op ek a, K an s.
T u cson , A r i z .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C a lif.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D e l —N .J.—M d.

T h e tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a lys ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l,
b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N ation al
S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, s e v e n ty - fiv e cents a cop y, fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r any o f its re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s .




☆

U.

S.

G O V E R N M E N T

P R IN T IN G

O F F IC E :

1972 — 746 - 182/ 1 2 .

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A re a W a g e S u rveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y o f a re a w age studies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the req u est
o f the E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lletin s m a y be p u rch ased fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l sa le s o ffic e s shown on the in sid e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, July 1971 1 -------------------------------------------A lb a n y^ -S ch en ecta d y -T roy , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1972 1----------------------------A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m —E aston , P a.—N .J ., M ay 1.971----A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1971____________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1971________________________________
B eaum ont— o r t Arthu r^-O range, T e x ., M ay 1972--------P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1971 1-----------------------------------B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1971______________________________
B oston, M a s s ., A u g. 1971__________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1971___________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1971_________________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 1971___________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a ., M a r . 1972 1_________________________
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 19721_______________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a ., Sept. 1971---------------------------C h ic a g o , III ., June 1971 1 ________________________________ _
C in cin n ati, O hio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1972-------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1971_______________________________
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1971______________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1971____________________________________
D avenport—R ock Is la n d -M o lin e , Iowa—111., F eb . 1972 l ._
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1971 1------------------------------------------D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1971 1 _______________________________
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1971-------------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972------------------------------------------D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1 _______________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H olly w o od and W est P a lm
B each , F la . (to be s u rv e y e d in 1972)
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1971______________________________
G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1971--------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1972--------------------------------------Houston, T e x ., A p r . 1971 1 ________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 2 * ----- ------- ----------------In d ian a p o lis, Ind., Oct. 1971-------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1971------------------------------------K ansas C ity , M o.—K an s., Sept. 1971--------------------------L a w re n c e —H a v e rh ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1971------------L it t le R ock—N orth L it t le R ock , A r k ., July 1971---------L o s A n g e le s —L on g Beach and A n ah eim -S an ta A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., M a r. 1971 1 — ,----------------------L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1971 1 ------------------------------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1________________________________
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1971-------------------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k ., N o v . 1971 1----------------------------M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1971____________________________________
M id lan d and O d e ss a , T e x ., Jan. 1972 1----------------------M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1971 ---------------------------------------

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1685-75,
1685-69,
1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1685-71,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1685-70,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
40 cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
40cents
45cents
25cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
70cents
35cents
40 cents
30 cents
35cents
35cents
35 cents
35 cents
30cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-21,
1725-3,
1725-66,
1685-67,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1685-83,
1725-4,

30cents
30 cents
30 cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents

1685-66,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1685-76,

50cents
35 cents’
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
35cents


1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.


A rea
M in n ea p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn ., Jan. 1972 1----------------------M uskegon— u skegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1971__________
M
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1______________
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 ____________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1972_______________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1971________________________________
N o r fo lk —P o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1971 1.......................................
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1971 1 -------------------------------P a t e r s o n - C lif t o n - P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1971______________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a.—N .J ., N ov. 1971 1_______________________
P h o en ix, A r i z ., June 1971_________________________________
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
P o rtla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1971 1 ______________________________
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M ay 1971________________________
P o u gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew bu rgh,
N
N .Y . (to be s u rv e y e d in 1972)
P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu ck et—W a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s .,
M a y 1972______________ ______________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1971___________________________________
R ich m on d , V a., M a r . 1972 1________________________________
R o c h e s te r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu p ation s o n ly ), July 1971 1__
R o c k fo r d , III ., M ay 1971--------------------------------------------St. L o u is , M o.—III., M a r . 1972_____________________________
Salt L ak e C ity , Utah, N o v . 1971___________________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972_______________________________
San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e —O n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
D ec. 1971____________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1971 1 ...... ................... ...................
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., O ct. 1971 1______________
San J ose, C a lif., M a r. 1972________________________________
Savannah, Ga., M ay 1972 L_________________________________
Sc*ranton, P a ., July 1971___________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e tt, W ash., Jan. 1972________________________
E
Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., D ec. 1971___________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1972 1-------------------------------------Spokane, W ash., June 1971-----------------------------------------S y ra c u s e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 ________________________________
T am pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., N o v . 1971 1 _______________
T o le d o , Ohio—M ic h ., A p r . 1971 1__________________________
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1971__________________________________
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., July 1971 1 __________________ _________
W ashington, D .C .—M d.—V a ., A p r . 1971___________________.
W a te rb u ry , Conn., M a r. 1972 ^____________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1971_________________________________
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1971_________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1
-----------------------------------Y o fk j P a ., F eb . 1972 1-----------------------------------------------Y oungstow n—W a rre n , O hio, N o v . 1971 1__________________

B u lletin num ber
and p ric e
1725-45,
1685-82,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50
30
50
35
30
65

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30
35
35
35
50
30
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-70,
1725-5,
1725-72,
1725-7,
1685-79,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,

30
30
35
35
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30
35
50
30
35
30
30
25
35
30
35
35
40
30
35
40
35
30
30
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR P R IV A TE USE, $300




FIRST CLASS M AIL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR