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Area Wage Survey
The Savannah, Georgia, Metropolitan Area
May 1967

B u lletin

No. 1 5 3 0 - 6 9




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Area Wage Survey
The Savannah, Georgia, Metropolitan Area




May 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-69
June 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 2 0 cen^s




Preface

Contents
Page

T a bles :
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s within scop e of s u r vey and
num ber s t u d i e d ___________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly s a la r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t i m e hourly
earnings for s e le c t e d occupational grou ps, and percents of
change for se le c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________________________
Occupational e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. O ff ic e occupations—m e n and w o m e n ___________________________
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupatio ns— en and w o m e n —
m
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l, and technical occupations —
m en and w o m en c o m b i n e d __________________________
A -4.
Maintenance and powerplant occ u p atio n s__________
A - 5. C usto dial and m a t e r i a l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s ___

Appendix.

Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s currently are included in the
p r o g r a m . Inform atio n on occupational earnings is collec ted
annually in ea ch a r e a . Information on establishment p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry wage provisions is obtained b i e n ­
n ially in m o s t of the a r e a s .
Th is bulletin p r e s e n ts result s of the su r vey in
Savannah, G a. , in M a y 1967 .
The Standard Metropol itan
Sta tistic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through A p r i l 19 66, c o n s i s t s of Chatham County.
This
study was conducted by the Bureau*s regional office in
Atla n ta , G a. , B r u n s w ic k A . Bagdon, D ir e c t o r ; by J e r r y G.
A d a m s , under the d irection of Jam es D. G arland.
The
study was under the g e n e r a l dir ection of Donald M . C r u s e ,
A s s i s t a n t R egion al D ir e c t o r for W ages a n d Industrial
R elations.




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re ava ilable for other
(See inside back c o v e r . )

Union s c a l e s ,
the Savannah a r e a ,
building t r a d e s .

m

indicative of prevailin g pay levels in
a re a ls o available for seven selected

2

3

5
6
O '

At the end of each s u rvey , an individual a rea b u l ­
letin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s for each a re a studied. Afte r
com p le tion of a ll of the individual area bulletins for a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is is s u e d .
The fir s t part b rin g s data for each of the m etropolitan
a r e a s studied into one bulletin. The second part pr es e n ts
in fo rm a tio n which has been proje cted fr o m individual m e t ­
rop olitan a r e a data to r ela te to geographic regions and the
United State s.

Introduction__________________________________________________________________________
W age tre nds for selec ted occupational g r o u p s _______________________________

00 ' J

Th e B u r e a u of Labor Statistics pr o g r a m of annual
occupational wage s u r v e y s in m etropo lit an a re as is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s t a b ­
lish m en t p r a c t i c e s and su pplem entary wage p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s detailed data by se le c t e d industry divisions for each
of the a r e a s studied, for geographic regio n s, and for the
United State s.
A m a j o r consideration in the p r o g r a m is
the need for g r e a t e r insight into (1) the m ovem ent of wa ges
by occupational c a t e g o r y and skill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l of w a g es among a re as and industry div is io n s .

9




Area W age Survey----The Savannah, Ga., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
Th is area is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. D epartm en t of L a b o r 's
Bureau of La bo r Sta tis tic s conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and rela te d ben efits on an are aw ide b a s i s .

O ccupational em p lo ym en t and earnings data are shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those hire d to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s if i c a t i o n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v e r t i m e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bon uses are excluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. W h e re weekly hours are
reporte d, as for office c l e r i c a l occupations, r ef e r e n c e is to the stan d­
ard workw eek (rounded to the n e a re s t half hour) for which em plo yees
r e c e i v e their reg ular s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a la r i e s (e xclusiv e of pay for
o v e r t i m e at regular a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e weekly earnings
fo r these occupations have been rounded to the n ea re st half dollar.

This bulletin pr ese n ts current occupational em plo ym ent and
earnings in fo rm a tio n obtained la rg ely by m a il f r o m the es ta blis h m en ts
v is ited by Bureau field ec o n om ists in the last prev ious su rvey for
occupations r eporte d in that ea r lier study. P e r s o n a l v is its w e r e mad e
to nonrespon den ts and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the prev iou s s u rvey .
In each a r e a , data are obtained fr o m rep r es e n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
li s h m en ts within six broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; t r a n s ­
porta tio n, c o m m u n ica t io n , and other public utilities; w h o le s ale tra de;
r e t a il tra d e ; finance, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
Major
in du st ry gro ups excluded fr o m these studies are g overn m en t o p e r a ­
tions and the construction and ex tractiv e in dustries.
E s tab li sh m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d number of w o r ker s are omitted because
they tend to fu rnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to w a r ra n t inclu si on. Sepa rate tabulations are provided for each of the
bro ad industry div is io n s which m eet publication c r it e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s presente d r e fle c t c o m p o s i t e , areawide e s t i ­
m ates.
Industrie s and esta blis h m en ts differ in pay leve l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute diffe rently to the e s tim a tes for each job.
The pay rela tionship obtainable f r o m the a vera ge s m a y fail to refle ct
acc u r ately the wage spread or d iffe ren tial maintained among jobs in
individual e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i la r l y , d iffe re n ce s in average pay le ve ls
for men and wom en in any of the selec ted occupations should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t of the sex es within
individual e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Other p o s s ib le fa c to rs which may con trib ­
ute to d iffe re n c e s in pay for men and wom en include: D iffe re n c es in
p r o g r e s s i o n within establis hed rate r a n g e s , since only the actual rates
paid incumben ts are c o llec ted ; and diffe re n ce s in specific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s are approp riate ly c la s s if ie d within the
s a m e su rvey job de sc ription .
Job des c rip tion s used in cla ssifying e m ­
ployees in these su r v ey s are usu ally m o r e g en er aliz ed than those used
in individual es ta b lis h m en ts and allow for m inor d iffe ren ces among
es ta b lis h m en ts in the specific duties p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s are conducted on a sa m p le basis b ecau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t involved in surveying all e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
obtain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m cost, a g re a ter proportion of
la rg e than of s m a l l e sta blish m en ts is studied. In combining the data,
h ow ev er , all e s t a b lis h m e n t s are given their appropriate weight.
Es­
t im a te s b as e d on the esta blis h m en ts studied are presen ted, th e r e fo r e ,
as relating to all es ta b lis h m en ts in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the m in im u m size studied.

O ccupational em p lo y m en t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
es ta blis h m en ts within the scop e of the study and not the number a c ­
tually su rvey ed .
B e c a u s e of d i f fe r e n c e s in occupational structure
among e s t a b l is h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s of occupational employment o b ­
tained f r o m the s a m p le of es ta blis h m en ts studied s e r v e only to indicate
the rela tiv e im po rtan ce of the jobs studied. T h ese d iffe ren ces in o c c u ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a t e r i a l ly affect the a cc u r ac y of the e a r n ­
ings data.

O ccupations and Earnings
Th e occupatio ns selected for study are c o m m o n to a v ariety of
m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in du stries, and a re of the f o llo w ­
ing t y p e s : ( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and technical; (3) m a i n ­
tenance and po werp la nt; and (4) custodial and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
cupational c la s s i f i c a t i o n is b ased on a unifo rm set of job d escription s
de sign ed to take account of in teresta b lish m en t variation in duties within
the s a m e jo b . Th e occupations s elected for study a r e li s ted and d e ­
s c r ib e d in the appendix. The earnings data following the job title s are
for all in d u s t rie s c o m b in ed . Earnings data for s o m e of the occupations
lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d , or for some industry divisions within occupatio ns,
a re not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s tables because either ( l ) e m p lo y ­
ment in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough data to m e r it
p r es e n ta tio n , or (2) t h ere is po ssibilit y of d i s c lo s u r e of individual e s ­
tab lish m en t data.




E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and Supple m en ta ry Wage P r ov ision s
Tabulations on selec ted esta blis h m en t pr a ctic es and su p p le­
m en ta r y wage pro vis ion s ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information fo r these tabulations is collec ted biennially in
this area.
T h e s e tabulations on m in im u m entrance s a la r i e s for i n e x ­
pe rienced w om en office w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled weekly
h ou rs; paid h olidays; paid v acation s; and health, insu rance, and pension
plans
are p resen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in. previous bulletins
fo r this a re a.

1

2

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e of s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in Savan n ah , G a .,
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv isio n , 2 M ay 1 967

M inim um
em p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b li s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
of stu dy

In d u s try d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s _______________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____ __________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r pub lic u t ilitie s 5 ______________________
W h o le s a le tra d e 6 ______________________________
R e ta il tra d e 6_______________________ _________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e 6 _____
S e r v i c e s 6 7 _____________________________________

N u m b er of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
1
W ithin s c o p e
of stu d y^

_

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e of s tu d y 4

Studied

S tudied
N u m b er

P ercen t

107

57

2 1 ,5 0 0

100

1 7 ,0 5 0

50
-

45
52

26
31

1 4 ,1 0 0
7 ,4 0 0

66
34

1 2 ,2 2 0
4, 830

50
50
50
50
50

9
8
33
5
7

7
4
13
3
4

2, 400
600
3 , 300
600
50 0

11
3
15
3
2

2, 3 0 0
260
1 ,5 7 0
37 0
330

1 The Savan nah S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s defined by the B u re a u of the Budget th rou gh A p ril 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s of C h a th a m C o u n ty ,
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e of stu d y" e s ti m a t e s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of the la b o r
f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s ti m a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s i s of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the
a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning of w age s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u se of e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b ly in
ad v a n ce of the p a y r o ll p e rio d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d f r o m the sco p e of the s u r v e y .
2 The 1 957 r e v i s e d e d itio n of the S ta n d a rd I n d u s tr ia l C l a s s if i c a ti o n M anual and the 1 9 6 3 Sup plem ent w e re u sed in c la s s i f y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
by in d u s try d iv isio n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in s u ch
i n d u s trie s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta t i o n w e re e x c lu d e d .
S a v a n n a h 's t r a n s i t s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is e x c lu d e d
by d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e of the stu dy.
6 T h is in d u s try d iv isio n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s ti m a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r i e s A ta b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n
of d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n is n ot m a d e fo r one o r m o r e of the follow ing r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d a ta
to m e r i t s e p a r a te stu d y , (2) the s a m p le w as not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u f fic ie n t o r in ad eq u ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ility of d i s c l o s u r e of in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r sh o p s; m o tio n p i c tu r e s ; non p rofit m e m b e rs h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b l e o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A bout t h r e e -f i f th s of the w o r k e r s w ithin s co p e of the s u rv e y in the Savan nah a r e a
w e re em p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
The follow ing ta b le p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u s try
g ro u p s and s p e c if ic i n d u s trie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u s try g ro u p s
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s _____
F o o d p r o d u c ts ____________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t______
r .h p m ir a ls
L u m b e r and wood p ro d u cts
(e x c e p t fu rn itu re )______________

S p e c ific in d u s trie s
39
18
12
10
8

P a p e r m i l l s ______________________ 35
Ship and boatbuildin g and
7
r e p a i r i n g _______________________
I n d u s tr ia l c h e m ic a l s ........... . .. . 6
M illw o rk , v e n e e r , plyw ood,
and p r e f a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l
wood p r o d u c ts _________________ . 5
S u g a r _____________________________ . 5

T h is in f o r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s ti m a t e s of to ta l em p lo y m e n t d e riv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o rtio n s in v a r io u s in d u s try d iv isio n s m ay
d iffe r f r o m p r o p o rtio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s of the s u r v e y a s shown in ta b le 1 above.

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a re indexes and p e rc e n ta ge s of change
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffice c le ric a l workers and industrial n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earnings of selected plant worker gro u p s . The index es
a re a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a percen t of
w a g es during the b a s e perio d (date of the a re a su rvey conducted
between July I960 and June 1 9 6 1).
Subtracting 100 f r o m the index
y ie ld s the p e rc e n ta ge change in wages fr o m the b a s e period to the
date of the index.
The pe rc e n ta ge s of change or i n c r e a s e rela te to
wage changes between the indicated da tes.
T h e s e e s t im a t e s a re
m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r a g e s for the area; they a re not intended
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay changes in the esta blis h m en ts in the a r e a .
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h e s e constant weights r efle ct base year
em p lo y m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
The a v e r a g e (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e m u lt ip lied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e r e totaled. The aggre gate s
for

2 consecutive y e a r s w e r e

r ela te d

by

dividing

the

agg regate for

the la te r y ear by the a g g re ga te for the e a r li e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e la ti v e , l e s s 100 pe rc e n t, shows the p e rcen ta ge change. The index
is the product of multiplying the b a s e y ea r r ela tive (100) by the relative
fo r the next succeeding y e a r and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r ' s rela tiv e by the p reviou s y e a r ' s index.
A v e r a g e earnings
fo r the following occupations w e r e used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the s e l e c t e d key occupations within an occupational
group was a s s ig n e d a weight based on its proportionate em p lo y m en t
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en):
B o o k k eep in g-m ach in e operators,
class B
C lerks, a cco u n tin g , classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C o m p to m e te r operators
K eypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T ab le 2.

Skilled m ain ten an ce (m en ):
Carpenters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (au to m o tive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o ol and die makers

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en)—
Continued
S e cre ta rie s
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Unskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m ate ria l handling

Industrial nurses (m en and w om en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for se le cte d occu p a tio n a l groups in Savannah, Ga.
M ay 1 9 6 7 and M ay 1 9 6 6 , and percents of change 1 for se le cte d periods
Indexes
(M ay 1961= 100)

P ercents of change 1

O ccu p atio n al group
M ay 1967

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )--------------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n )------------S killed m a in ten an ce ( m e n ) ------------------------U nskilled p lant ( m e n ) -----------------------------------

May 1966

M ay 1966
to
M ay 1967

M ay 196 5
to
M ay 1966

M ay 1 9 6 4
to
M ay 1965

M ay 1963
to
M ay 1 964

M ay 1961
to
June 1962

June 1960
to
May 1961

1 1 8 .6

1 1 5 .2

2 .9

0. 5

4 .2

2 .7

2 .3

4 .7

2 .0

(2 )
122. 5
1 2 1 .6

(2 )
118. 3
1 1 5 .9

(2 )
3 .6
4. 9

(2 )
3 .6
2 .2

(2 )
3 .4
3. 1

( 2)
3 .0
3 .2

(2 )
1 .4
1 .3

( 2)
5 .8
5. 3

(2 )
2. 8
3- 2 . 3

1 A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.
2 D ata do not m e e t p u b lication c rite ria .
2 This d eclin e la rg e ly re fle cts shifts in em ploym ent betw een high- and low -w age establishm ents rather than w age decreases.




June 1962
to
M ay 1963

4
For o ffice c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and indust rial n u r s e s , the wage
trends relate to week ly s a la r i e s fo r the n o r m a l workw eek , ex clu sive
of earnings at o v e r t im e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k e r groups,
they
m e a s u r e changes in a ver a ge
s t r a i g h t -t i m e hourly earnings,
excluding p r e m i u m pay for o v e r t i m e and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late sh ifts.
The pe rc e n ta ge s are based on data for
s elected key occupations and include m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the labor fo rce can cau se i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a verages without actual wage c h a n g e s . It is c on ceiv ab le
that even though all esta blis h m en ts in an a re a gave wage i n c r e a s e s ,
a v er a ge wages may have declined b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g es ta b lis h m en ts
entered the area or expanded their work f o r c e s .
S i m i la r l y , wages
m ay have remained relatively constant, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a re a
m ay have risen considerably b ec au s e h ig h e r -p a y in g es t a b lis h m e n t s
entered the area.

Lim itations of Data
The indexes and p e rc e n ta g e s of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a rea a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(l) g en eral sa lar y and
wage chan ges,
(2) m e r i t or other i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by
individual w o r k e r s while in the sa m e jo b , and (3) changes in avera ge
wages due to changes in the la bor fo r c e resulting f r o m la bor turn ­
o ver, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p lo yed by e s ta b lis h m en ts with different pay l e v e l s .




The use of constant em p loy m en t weights elim in a te s the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each job
included in the data. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change r e fle c t only changes
in a ver a ge pay for s t ra ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard work sch ed u les , as such, or by p r e m i u m pay
fo r o v e r t i m e .
Data w e r e adjusted w h e re n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the indexes and perc enta ges of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the s u r v e y .

5
A. O ccupational E arnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu di e d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d i v is io n , Sa v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

L
Sex, occupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

Uf 6
Q
workers

Average
w eekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —
$

$
45

M ea n 23
4

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$
50

55

$
60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$

$

85

90

$
95

$

$
100

105

no

$

$

$
115

120

$
125

$

$
1 30

1 35

$
140

and
un d er

145
and

50

55

60

65

-

-

-

-

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

13 5

140

145

-

-

“

-

1
1

“

1
1

1
1

2
-

4
4

4
1

-

-

-

l
1

4
4

2
-

2
2

“

-

2

1

3

“

2

3

3

1

-

-

-

-

4
3

3
3

3
-

_

_

_

7

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

over

MFN
CLER KS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

22
15

3 9.5
39 .5

$
120 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

$
1 18.00
120 .0 0

$
$
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

“

“

CLER KS,

B ---------------

16

3 9.5

99 .0 0

104.00

90 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------

30

40 .5

6 5 .0 0

6 2.50

7 0 .0 0

-

-

9

12

2

5

-

-

-

2

CL ERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

30
19

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 01.00
10 2 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

5
4

3
2

_

~

3
2

2

“

2
-

C LER KS , ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

62
41
21

39 .5
39 .5
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

86.00
8 5 .5 0
90.00

7 2 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
6 9 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

1
1

4

13
10
3

3
2
1

4
4
~

10
9
1

10
7
3

2
2

_

4

5
3
2

2
2
"

1
1
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

36
33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

8 7.50
8 7.00

8 1 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 -

2
2

1
1

1
1

4
4

5
5

11
10

8
8

1
~

1
1

1
1

!

-

_

_

_

_

_

"

~

-

*

-

-

-

-

SE C R E T A R I E S 3 -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN G --------------------------------

127
73
54

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

9 6.50
9 6.50
9 7.00

8 1 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

9
6
3

6
4
2

12
6
6

11
8
3

9
7
2

9
3
6

17
7
10

7
7
*

6
4
2

11
4
7

10
7
3

3
2
1

1
1

1
1
-

_
-

1
1

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

32
16

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0
9 7.50

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

-

9
5

3
1

2
2

2
1

8
2

1
1

2
1

3
1

1
1

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

35
26

39 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6.00

11 5 .0 0
1 12.50

8 9 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

_

5
5

1
1

2
“

1
1

3
3

1
1

6
3

8
6

2
2

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS D -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

47
25
22

3 8 .5
33 .5
38 .0

86 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
85 .5 0

8 6.50
9 0.00
84.00

7 1 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
6 7 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------------

99
67
32
16

39 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39 .5

8 1 .00
84 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
83 .0 0
82 .5 0
7 1.00
9 9 .0 0 11 2 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 95 .0 0
6 6 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

“

STENOGRAPHERS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS

“
1

-

WOMEN

5 9 .5 0 -

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

_

-

-

-

"
_

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

2

7
2
5

5
3
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
1

2
1

_

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
2
3

4
2
2

5
3
2

4
3
1

3
1
2

3
2
1

5
3
2

4
2
2

5
4
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

_

-

1

4

-

-

-

1
1

7
6
1
1

7
7

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3
3

5
1
4
4

1
1

4
-

10
6
4
2

6
6

1

16
14
2
2

13
13

-

16
5
11
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

“

_

1
1

-

1
1
-

_

-

-

_
-

-

1
1
~

1

1

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

SENIOR ----------------------------

26

4 0 .0

90 .0 0

9 2.50

7 8 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

-

-

-

1

2

2

3

-

3

5

4

1

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

15
15

4 1 .0
4 1 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

7 2.50
7 2 .50

6 1 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 -

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

3
3

-

-

4
4

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

“

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OP ER A TO R- RE CE PT IO NI S TS MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

27
20

3 9 .5
39.5

7 3 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

6 9.00
71.00

6 1 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 -

8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

-

5
3

6
3

4
4

5
3

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

1
1

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

~

-

-

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

27
16

39.5
39 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 5.00

61.50
6 3.00

5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 -

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

_

10

7
7

1
1

4

1
“

2
1

_

-

“

2
~

4

3

-

**

_

-

_

-

-

-

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b by t o t a li n g the e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s and div iding b y the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than
t he r a t e sh ow n; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n the r a t e shown.
T h e mi dd le r a n g e is de fi n ed by 2 r a t e s o f pay ; a f o u r th of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e tha n the
h igher ra te .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r t h a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s .




6
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

S a l a r i e s of p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s a r e o m it te d
f r o m t hi s r e p o r t .
D a t a do not m e e t p u b li c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations1
—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st udied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , Sa v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1967)
Average

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL Ab 5 o —
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

W eekly
W eekly
hours 2 earnings 2
(standard) (standard)

$

34
30

40 • 5
4 0 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------------M ANurACT U K I N C ------------------------------------------- -- ~
NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ---------------- -------------

52

3 9 .5

18

4 0 .5

10 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

78
53
25

3 9 .5
39 .5
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
93 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

21
15

4 1 .0
4 1 .5

9 8 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

Average

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------------MANUF ACTUR ING ————____________ —___——

6 8 .0 0

23
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 2 .5 0
100 .5 0

W eekly
hours2
(standard)

36
33

3 9 .5
39.5

$
8 7 .0 0
85 .5 0

Average

W eekly
earnings 2
(standard)

O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 " CONTINUED
ScCRtTAK I c o t LLAbo u
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

1 cNUbKAPHt K b * bfcIVfcKAL ————————————
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------------------

102
67
35
19

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39 .5

8 5.00
84 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

15

3 9 .0

78 .5 0

b

39 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

96 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
94 .5 0
118 .0 0

SE C R E T A R I E S , CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

34
16
18

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 0 .5 0
10 0 .0 0
1 0 0.50

STENOGRAPHERS,

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS C --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

35
26

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

106.00
10 6 .0 0

------------------------------------

26

9 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

15
15

4 1 .0
4 1.0

7 1 .0 0
7 1.00

SWITCHBOARD OPE R A TO R- RE CE PT IO NI S TS MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

27
20

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

73.0 0
7 6.00

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

27
16

3 9.5
3 9 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

SENIOR

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING




W eekly
earnings 2
(standard)

$
8 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

129
73
56
16

S a l a r i e s of p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d f r o m th is r e p o r t .
2 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r tha n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s .

W eekly
hours 2
(standard)

3 8.5
38 .5
3 8 .0

AND G I R L S --------------------------------------

BOYS

Number
of
workers

47
25
22

C CL p C T M D IC jC 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
> t r r^C I A h i C
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------------------------

OFFICE
11 0 .0 0

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t i o n and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

■P
o
o

O c c u p a t i o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r

an d/ or p r e m i u m

rates),

and the e a r n i n g s

7
Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1967)
Hourly earnings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
$
1.40

1.6 0

$
1.7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y divi

workers

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
2 .0 0

$
$
2 . 10 2 . 2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

(
2 .5 0

$
2 .60

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 . 00

(
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

*
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

1 .7 0

1.8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10 2 . 20 2 . 3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

over

-

-

2
“

-

5
5

-

-

1
1

-

“

2
2

-

-

3
3

21
21

-

_

_

_

4
4

2
2

_

_

-

-

1
1

4
4

16
15

2
2

2
2

21
21

56
56

21
32 0

-

9
6

12
12

-

-

-

-

3
3

11
8

4
4

4
4

6
6

4
4

4
4

-

-

12

8

22

17

15

40

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

2
2

1
1

2
1

1
1

4
-

1
-

2
2

8
8

3
“

$
L. 50

$

1 .5 0

Number

1 .6 0

-

-

and
un de r

and

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

34
32

$
3.3 2
3 .3 4

$
3 .5 2
3.5 3

$
3 .1 8 3 .2 5 -

$
3 .5 6
3 .5 7

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

129
127

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

3 .4 1 3 .4 1 -

3 .5 8
3 .5 8

_

75
69

2.62
2.61

2 .5 9
2 .5 9

2 .4 1 1 .6 9 -

3 .1 9
3 .2 4

8
8

6
6

4
4

-

_

-

-

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOIL ER ■
MANUFACTURING ---------------------MAINTENANCE TRADES

12 1

2 .7 0

2 .7 8

2 .6 2 -

2 .9 3

2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

33
22

3 .1 3
3.0 7

3 .2 5
3.1 5

2 .5 8 2 .4 8 -

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

_

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

241
239

3 .2 6
3.2 5

3 .4 4
3 .4 4

3 .0 4 3 .0 4 -

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

OIL ER S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

65
65

2 .8 2
2 .82

2 .9 8
2 .9 8

2 .5 6 2 .5 6 -

3 .0 5
3.0 5

P A I N TE R S , MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

49
49

3 . 17
3.1 7

3 . 33
3 .3 3

3 .0 5 3 .0 5 -

3 .3 7
3 .3 7

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------

103
103

3 .5 2
3.52

3 .5 3
3 .5 3

3 .4 8 3 .4 8 -

_

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

HELP ER S.

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

1
1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h i f t s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e foot no te 2, t abl e A - l .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o ll o w s :
19 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 . 7 0 ; and 1 at $ 3 . 7 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 .




_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
2

5
5

2
~

_

-

_

-

_

-

8
8

2
2

9
9

5
5

1
1

2
2

-

-

27
27

8
8

27
27

2
2

11
11

40
40

93
93

3
1

_

1
1

-

_

1
1

3
3

15
15

_

2
2

_

12
12

28
28

_

_

_

_

**

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

_

-

_

2
2

6
6

3
3

2
2

1
1

-

-

32
32

_

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

_

-

2
2

3
3

2
2

8
8

13
13

75
75

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

8
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S a v a n n a h , G a , , M ay 1967)
Hourly earnings 2

Num be r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e hou r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1.8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

t

1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

of
workers

2 .1 0

$
2.2 0

t
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .80

$
2 .9 0

3 .0 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1. 9 0 2 . 0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 1 0 over

-

-

18
18

-

2
2

2
2

5
2

9
9

12
12

5
5

8
8

2
1

2
1

4
2

17
16

4
4

-

2

Unde r
M ean3

M edian3

M iddle range3

$

1 .0 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

98
83

$
2 .1 4
2 .1 5

$
2 .1 5
2 .1 7

$
1 .8 3 1 .7 5 -

$
2 .6 3
2 .6 9

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

39

2 .4 0

2 .2 4

2 .1 3 -

4

12

5

1

1

2

8

4

$
1 .1 0

$
1.2 0

t

1 .1 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
1 .0 0

1.20

-

-

$
3 .1 0
an
nd

2 .7 4

-

%

and
under

-

8
1

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

44

1.9 2

1 .8 5

1 .4 6 -

2 .3 7

“

~

-

“

18

2

2

1

-

5

-

~

8

8

-

“

JA N IT O R S, PO R TE R S, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

141
96
45

1 .7 7
1 .8 9
1.49

1.6 9
1.9 5
1 .4 8

1 .4 8 1 .6 3 1 .1 6 -

2 .0 9
2 .1 9
1.71

2
2

5
5

8
8

_

22
14
8

2
1
1

35
27
8

4
4

2
2

10
10
-

17
17
-

2
2
“

10
5
5

14
14
“

4
4

1
1

_
-

1
1

“

-

-

2
2

~

”

JA NI TO R S, PO RTE RS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

33
23

1 .8 4
2 .0 4

2 .0 9
2 .1 5

1 .4 7 2 .0 5 -

2 .1 9
2 .2 9

-

2

-

-

-

10
5

2

1
-

-

”

-

2
2

10
10

1
1

5
5

~

“

-

-

“

“

“

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANOLING--------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

312
230

1 .8 7
1 .8 9

1.6 1
1 .6 9

1 .4 8 1 .4 8 -

2 .4 4
2 .4 3

-

-

-

103
71

51
33

17
13

10
10

-

5
4

2
-

1

21
21

-

65
64

28
5

9
9

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

~

*

ORDER F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

34
24

2 . 17
2 .3 8

2 .2 3
2 .2 8

1 .7 0 2 .2 2 -

9
1

2
-

3
3

-

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

9
9

-

*

~

~

_

-

_

-

-

-

2 .7 1
2 .7 4

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

“

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------

19

2 .3 9

2 .2 9

1 .8 9 -

3 .0 7

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

3

1

1

~

-

1

-

2

-

3

3

TRUCKDRIVERS 4 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

175
67
108

1.81
2 . 19
1 .5 7

1 .5 9
2 .5 4
1.55

1 .4 7 1 .5 3 1 .4 6 -

2 .2 9
2 .6 4
1 .7 4

_

2
2

2
2

-

_

34
34

_

3
2
1

2
1
1

3
3
“

1
1

4
4

7
7
"

31
29
2

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

30
4
26

_

-

54
16
38

“

~

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

40
28

1.66
1 .4 0

1.4 7
1 .4 5

1 .4 3 1 .4 2 -

1 .8 8
1 .4 9

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

23
20

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

2
**

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

7

-

~

-

-

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

87
39
48

1 .8 8
2 .2 8
1 .5 6

1 .5 7
2 .6 2
1.5 3

1 .4 8 1 .9 9 1 .4 7 -

2 .6 2
2 .6 6
1 .5 8

-

-

-

-

24
24

-

1
1

1
1

3
3
“

1
1

1
1
“

27
25
2

-

-

~

-

-

1
1

-

-

27
9
18

1
1

-

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L I F T ) ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

224
218

2 .3 5
2 .3 5

2 .6 1
2 .6 0

2 .2 7 2 .2 6 -

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

19
19

25
25

14
14

3
3

120
114

-

*

4
4

_

-

15
15

_

-

18
18

_

-

6
6

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FOR KLIFT) ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

110
88

2 .3 2
2 .2 2

2 .6 3
2 .6 0

1 .6 8 1 .6 6 -

2 .6 9
2 .6 5

-

-

-

-

-

36
36

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

5
5

45
45

1
2
3
4

"

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in d i c a t e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e
F o r d e fi n it io n of t e r m s , s e e fo ot no t e 2, t a b le A - l .
I n c l u d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fi n e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and typ e of t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




-

sh ifts.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

22

-

-

-

-

Appendix. Occupational D escriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shinning charges, and entrv of necessarv extensions
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

9

10

CLERK, A C CO U N TIN G — C ontinued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has alreadybeen classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

11

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

12

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 25, O X
C)
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5, 000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("FuHMtelephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. (’'Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e&ension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

13
SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR— C ontinued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

14
PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN— Continue d

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




15
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

16
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILuR

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

17

TOOL AND DIE MAKERr—C on tinu ed

SHEET-METAL W ORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

18
ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— C ontinued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----Th e seventh annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t rat e c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BBS Bulletin 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and
50 cents a c op y.

Nat ional
Clerical

Survey of P r o fe s s io n a l, A d ­
Pay, F eb ru ary— a rch 1966.
M

iT

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -2 5 3 -6 0 8 /8 6




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the b u l l e t i n s i s
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 .

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Area

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1_______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1967__________
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 1967_____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J .,
N
Feb. 1967______________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1966 1 _______________________________
Baltimore, M d., Nov. 1966 1___________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur-Orange, Tex., May 1966 1____
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1967 1________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1__________________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1966______________________________

1465-81,
1530-62,
1530-60,

30cents Milwaukee, W i s . , Apr. 1966_______________________________
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1_______________
25cents Minneapolis—
20cents Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1966 1 ______

1530-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1530-63,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1966 1______________________________
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1967 1___________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1967_______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1967------------------------------------Charlotte, N .C ., Apr. 1967 ____________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a., Sept. 1966 1__________________
Chicago, III., Apr. 1966 1 ______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1967_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1966 1__________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1___________________________
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1966 1______________________________

1530-38,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1530-56,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

30cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
30cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1966 1_____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1967________________________________
Denver, C olo., Dec. 1966______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967__________________________
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1967 1 ____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1966 1_________________________
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 1966 1__________________________
Greenville, S .C ., May 1967___________________________
Houston, Tex., June 1966 1 ----------------------- --------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1966___________________________

1530-19,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1530-66,
1465-85,
1530-37,

30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25 cents
25cents

Jackson, M iss.. Feb. 1967-------------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1967 1 ------------------------------------Kansas City, M o.-K an s., Nov. 1966___________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H., June 1966 1 ---------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1967 1___________________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1967 1 ______________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1966 1------------------------------------------Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.— r k ., Jan. 1967 --------------------------------A
Miami, F la., Dec. 1966____________________ - ___-______
Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1 _______________


Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Bulletin n u m b e r
___ and price
14 65-6 1,
15 30-4 2,
14 65-7 2,
15 30 -5 5,
15 30-4 1,
15 30-5 1,
1465 -82,

20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
2 5 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 certs

14 65 -77,
1530-6 ,

20 cents
25 cents

Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, Oct. 1966___________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a i c , N . J . , May 1 9 6 7 _____________
P
Philadelphia, Pa.— . J . , Nov. 1966 1_ _ ___________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , Mar. 1967 ________________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966----------------------------------------------Portland, Oreg.—W a s h ., May 1966 1______________________
Warwick, R.I.— a s s . ,
M
Providence—Pawtucket—
May 1 9 6 6 ___________________________________________________
Raleigh, N . C . , Sept. 1966__________________________________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1966_________________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1 9 6 7 __________________________________

1530-1 8,
15 30-6 7,
15 30-3 5,
1530-5 9,
15 30-4 6,
1530-1 7,
14 65 -7 3,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

14 65-6 5,
15 30-7 ,
15 30 -2 3,
1530-68,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 1966 1___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1_________________________
San Antonio, T ex ., June 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C alif.,
Sept. 1966___________________________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1966 1____________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1967 1_____________
San Jose, C alif., Sept. 1966_______________________________
Savannah, G a., May 19 6 7 --------------------------------------------------Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966..-------------------------------- -----------------Seattle—Everett, W ash., Oct. 1966________________________

1530-2 7,
15 30-3 3,
1465-7 8,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

15 30-1 4,
15 30-2 4,
1530-3 6,
1530 -1 0,
1530-6 9,
15 30 -3 ,
15 30-2 2,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Oct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., Ma r. 1967 ---------------------------------------------Spokane, Wash ., June 1 9 66________________________________
Tampa—
St. Pe te rsburg, F l a . , Sept. 1966 1 _____________
Toledo, O h io -M ich ., Feb. 1967 1_________________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1966 1_________________________________
Washington, D .C .—Md.— a . , Oct. 1966 1--------------------------V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1_______________________________
Wichita, Ka ns., Oct. 1966 1________________________________
W o r ce s te r, M a s s . , June 1966 1___________________________
York , Pa., Feb. 1967 -................ - -----------------------------------------Youngstown—W arren, Ohio, Nov. 1966___________________

15 30-1 2,
15 30-5 7,
1465-7 5,
1530 -9 ,
15 30-5 0,
15 30-3 4,
1530-1 5,
15 30-5 4,
15 30-2 1,
15 30-1 1,
14 65-8 3,
1530-4 7,
15 30-2 9,

20
20
20
25
30
25
30
20
25
25
25
25
25

Newark and Jersey City, N .J ., Feb. 1 9 6 7 _______________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
New O rleans, L a ., Feb. 1967 1 ___________________________
New York, N . Y . , Apr. 1966 1____________________________ _
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1966_________________________________
Oklahoma City, O k la ., Aug. 1966 1-----------------------------------

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cents
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