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Area Wage Survey

The San Jose, California, Metropolitan Area
September 1 9 69

Bulletin

1660 -24




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

MINN,

IS

REGION V
tOWA

NE8R

C hicago

KANS

OK LA

VIRGIN ISLANDS
A tla n ta

D a lla s

PUERTO RICO
Region I
Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)


* Regions VII and VIII w ill be serviced by Kansas City.
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
** Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area Wage Survey

The San Jose, California, Metropolitan Area




S ep tem b er

1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -2 4
February 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 3 5 cents




C ontents

P reface

P a g e

T h e

B u r e a u

o c c u p a t i o n a l
s i g n e d
l i s h m

t o

p r o v i d e

e n t

d e t a i l e d

o f

a r e a s

t h e

t h e
b y

n e e d

c o m
o f

t h e

p l e t i o n

o n e

a l l

f o r

b u l l e t i n .

b e e n

e n d

t o

i s

.

I n

c o l l e c t e d

m

m

a n d

a n n u a l l y

a n d

a r e

a t i o n

o n

( 2 )

o n

o f

e n t

2 .

o c c u p a t i o n a l

e n t s

A .

P e r c e n t s

o f

r o u n d

1 .

w

i n c r e a s e

f o r

o r k e r s

e

i n

h o u r l y

s e l e c t e d

O c c u p a t i o n a l
A -

a n d

s t a n d a r d

e n t a r y

T h i s
S a n

J o s e ,

p o l i t a n

T h i s
o f f i c e

d i r e c t i o n
f o r

O

C a l i f .

t h r o u g h

C o u n t y .

o f

p r o v i s i o n s

b u l l e t i n
,

i n

S t a t i s t i c a l

B u d g e t

g i o n a l

w a g e

S e p t e m

A

r e a ,

J a n u a r y
s t u d y

i n

S a n

A d o l p h

b e r

a s

w a s

r e s u l t s

e a r n i n g s

o c c u p a t i o n s —m

- 2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l

A

- 3 .

O f f i c e ,

a n d

1 9 6 9 -

d e f i n e d

1 9 6 8 ,

O .

B

c o n s i s t s

c o n d u c t e d

F r a n c i s c o ,
e r g e r ,

C
A

T h e
b y

i n t o
h a s

d a t a

m

t o

e n

A

B .

p r o ­

- 4 .

M

- 5 .

w

C u s t o d i a l

- l .

M

e n t

i n i m
w

a n d

o m

a i n t e n a n c e

E s t a b l i s h m
B

e a r n i n g s

e n

b y

a l i f . ,

s s i s t a n t

o f

M

t h e
u n d e r

S a n t a

R e g i o n a l

a n d

s a l a r i e s

s e l e c t e d

o c c u p a t i o n a l

a n d

w

o m

e n _______________________________________________

o c c u p a t i o n s —m

e n

6

7

a n d

a n d

a n d

m

p o w

a n d

e n t r a n c e

o c c u p a t i o n s —

m

1 1

o c c u p a t i o n s _______________________

1 2

o v e m

e n t

s u p p l e m

s a l a r i e s

e n t a r y

f o r

w

o m

w a g e
e n

p r o v i s i o n s :

o f f i c e

d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________________________________________________

B - 4 .

P a i d

t h e

B - 6 .

H e a l t h ,

i n s u r a n c e ,

l a r a

B - 7 .

M

o f

w e e k l y

1 0

o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________________________

o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

S c h e d u l e d

i n

e r p l a n t

a t e r i a l

p r a c t i c e s

u m

t e c h n i c a l

b i n e d _______________________________________________________________

1 3
1 4

h o u r s ________________________________________________________________________

1 5

h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________________________________________________________

1 6

C

e t h o d
p a y m

r e ­

w a g e

a n d

d e t e r m

p e n s i o n
i n a t i o n

p l a n s ___________________________________________
a n d

f r e q u e n c y

2 0

o f

e n t _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

2 1

g e n e r a l
D

i r e c t o r

A p p e n d i x .

O c c u p a t i o n a l

d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________________________________________

p e r a t i o n s .




4

a n d

e t r o ­
o f

B u r e a u ' s
t h e

f o r

a n d

c o m

S h i f t

s u r v e y

B u r e a u

e n

p r o f e s s i o n a l ,
a n d

A

t h e

S t a n d a r d

t h e

s u r v e y

f i r s t

p r a c t i c e s

t h e

w e e k l y

t e c h n i c a l

B - 2 .

o f

o f

e a r n i n g s :

O f f i c e

A

b i e n n i a l l y .

p r e s e n t s

s c o p e

p e r i o d s ___________________________________________________________________________

B - 3 .

s u p p l e m

w i t h i n

s t u d i e d _____________________________________________________________________________________________________

s t r a i g h t - t i m

S t a t e s .

i n

b e r

g r o u p s

b u l ­

a

a r e a

i n c l u d e d

s e l e c t e d

E s t a b l i s h m
n u m

A f t e r

w h i c h

o c c u p a t i o n a l

e s t a b l i s h m

1 .

i s

s t r u c ­

T h e

a t i o n

f o r

a b l e s :

t h e

s t u d i e d

U n i t e d

T

w a g e s

a r e a

f o r

a r e a s

t r e n d s

d i v i s i o n s .

i s s u e d .

i n f o r m

I t

f o r

t h e

b u l l e t i n s

a g e

e a c h

s t u d i e d .

e t r o p o l i t a n
t h e

c u r r e n t l y
i n f o r m

e n t

i n d i v i d u a l

a r e

p r e s e n t s

f o r

i n d u s t r y

e t r o p o l i t a n

5

p r o g r a m

o v e m

a r e a

a r e a

b u l l e t i n s

t h e

r e g i o n s

a r e a ,

a n

g r o u p s _____________________________________________________

d e ­

e s t a b ­

a n d

t h e

a n d

a n d

e a c h

i n d i v i d u a l

a r e a s

e a c h

a r y

s e c o n d

g e o g r a p h i c

l e v e l ,

s u r v e y ,
f o r

m

1

W

a n d

d i v i s i o n

i n

t h e

I n t r o d u c t i o n _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

i s

p r o v i s i o n s .

r e g i o n s ,

a r e a s

i n d i v i d u a l

o f

f r o m

N i n e t y
g r a m

m

e a c h

p r o j e c t e d

r e l a t e

e a c h

t h e

( 1 )

s k i l l

o n g

r e s u l t s

o f

T h e

i n t o

a n d
a m

o f

s u m

t w o

d a t a

a g e s

i n d u s t r y

c o n s i d e r a t i o n

i n s i g h t

s u r v e y

o f

s u r v e y s ,

b r i n g s

w

w a g e

a n n u a l

o f

a r e a s

e a r n i n g s ,

e n t a r y

g e o g r a p h i c

a j o r

c a t e g o r y

o f

p r e s e n t s

f o r

m

g r e a t e r

A t
l e t i n

s e l e c t e d

p r o g r a m

e t r o p o l i t a n

o c c u p a t i o n a l

b y

A

l e v e l

m

s u p p l e m

s t u d i e d ,

f o r

a n d

o n

S t a t i s t i c s
i n

a n d

d a t a

o c c u p a t i o n a l

t u r e

d a t a

S t a t e s .

L a b o r

s u r v e y s

p r a c t i c e s

y i e l d s

U n i t e d

o f

w a g e

N O T E :
a r e a s .

iii

( S e e

S i m

i l a r

i n s i d e

t a b u l a t i o n s

b a c k

c o v e r . )

a r e

a v a i l a b l e

f o r

o t h e r

2 3




Area Wage Survey---The San Jose, Calif., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s
B u r e a u
a n d

o f

r e l a t e d

o b t a i n e d
a t i v e

M

e n t

E s t a b l i s h m

a j o r

e n t s

e a c h

s i x

a n d

t o

m

t h e

w

t h a n

a n d

e x c l u d e d

a

o f

a r e a ,

a n d

d a t a

t o

w

b e r

l a t e

a n u ­

g i v e n

s t a n d a r d
p l o y e e s

w

o r k e r s
e n t

m

e e t

f o r

s u r v e y s

o b t a i n

o p t i m

l a r g e
h o w

t h a n

e v e r ,

o f

a t e s

a s

r e l a t i n g

e x c e p t

u m

a l l

o n

t o

t h e

a l l

t h o s e

c o n d u c t e d

a t

i n

m

e s t a b l i s h m

e s t a b l i s h m

b a s e d

f o r

a r e

i n v o l v e d

a c c u r a c y

s m

a l l

t i m

c o s t

e n t s

i n i m

e s t a b l i s h m

e s t a b l i s h m
b e l o w

t h e

u m

e n t s
a r e

i s

e n t s

s a m

a

t h e i r

u m

g r e a t e r
I n

c o m

a r e

b e c a u s e

b i n i n g

a t e s .

t h e

T h e

E

a n d ,

p a y

t h u s ,

a n d

t h e

e n

f o r

m

b e

w i t h i n

t h e r e f o r e ,

e n c e s

s t u d i e d .

e d

o f

m

a n u f a c t u r i n g

f o l l o w i n g
(3 )
m

m

a i n t e n a n c e

e n t .

d u t i e s

a r e

l i s t e d

t h e
o f

(1 )

j o b
t h e

a n d

w i t h i n
a n d

t i t l e s

t h e

f o r

o c c u p a t i o n s
o c c u p a t i o n s ,

e i t h e r

(1 )

o f

t o

m

e m

p l o y m

e r i t

i n d i v i d u a l

t a k e

s a m

d e s c r i b e d
a r e

c l e r i c a l ;
a n d

c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
t o

a l l

l i s t e d
a r e
e n t

e
i n

a n d

i n

t h e

p r e s e n t a t i o n ,
e s t a b l i s h m

e n t

(4 )
i s

j o b .
t h e

T h e

c u s t o d i a l

b a s e d
o f

o c c u p a t i o n
o r

(2 )

m

o n

a

i s

t h e r e

f o r

t h e
t o o
i s

a

t o

i n

m

A

u n i f o r m

f o r

d a t a
d a t a

e

i n d u s t r y

s m

a l l

t o

p o s s i b i l i t y

p r o v i d e
o f

o f

o m

S i m

e n

i n

r e f l e c t

h e r e

f o r

a n d

h o u r s

i s

t o

t h e

w h i c h

( e x c l u s i v e

v e r a g e

t h e

p r e ­

w e e k l y

r e f e r e n c e

A

t o

w

e m

o f

e e k l y

n e a r e s t

e m

p l o y e e s

a m

i n

p a y

b e n t s

s u r v e y

u s e d

t o

t h e

h a l f

­

p a y

e a r n ­
d o l l a r .

i n

i n

t h e r
m

e n

a n d

w

w

o r k e r s

t h e s e

e s t a b l i s h m

i n

e n t s

t h e

m

a n d

s i n c e

m

a y

i f f e r ­

o n l y

i n

t h e

s p e c i f i c

a p p r o p r i a t e l y

o r e

u s e d

i n

g e n e r a l i z e d

a l l o w

s p e c i f i c

s e x e s

D

d e s c r i p t i o n s

u s u a l l y

s h o u l d

w h i c h

i n c l u d e :

c l a s s i f i e d

a r e

e s t a b l i s h m
e n t s

e n

i n

l e v ­

t h e

d i f f e r e n c e s

J o b

r e f l e c t

p a y

o f

f a c t o r s

r a n g e s ,

a n d
a r e

s u r v e y s

e n t

j o b .

j o b s

o c c u p a t i o n s

o m

r a t e

t o

o n g

a v e r a g e

t r e a t m

j o b

e a c h

f a i l
a m

e s t i ­

a n d

f o r

a y

i n

p o s s i b l e

d e s c r i p t i o n .

i n d i v i d u a l

o n g

O

a t e s
m

i d e

l e v e l

a i n t a i n e d

p a y

c o l l e c t e d ;

t h e

j o b

e s t i m

s e l e c t e d

i n

e s t a b l i s h e d
a r e

m

a r e a w

p a y

a v e r a g e s

t h e

f o r

i n

d i f f e r e n c e s

o f

e n t s .

p o s i t e ,

d i f f e r

t h e

i l a r l y ,

a n y

a l t h o u g h

e

c o m

e n t s

d i f f e r e n c e s

w i t h i n

i n c u m

e d ,

r e f l e c t

d i f f e r e n t l y

o r

e s t a b l i s h m

p a i d

s a m

t h o s e

O c c u p a t i o n a l

j o b
a l l

s o m

e s t a b l i s h m

a c t u a l l y

s t u d y

a m

o n g

t a i n e d

e

t h e

f r o m

t h e

r e l a t i v e

p l o y m
t h e

B e c a u s e
e n t s ,

s a m

i m

e m

w i t h i n

s u r v e y e d .

e a r n i n g s

e n o u g h

e n t s

e s t a b l i s h m

o c c u p a t i o n a l

b e c a u s e

f o r

d u t i e s

m

i n o r

p e r f o r m

e d .

o f

t h e

p l e

o f

e s t i m

o f
d o

t h e
n o t

o f

a t e s

t h e

a t e s

o f

e n t s

j o b s
a f f e c t

r e p r e s e n t

s t u d y

d i f f e r e n c e s

e s t i m

e s t a b l i s h m

p o r t a n c e

s t r u c t u r e

e n t
s c o p e

i n

t h e

n o t

s t u d i e d

e m

s e r v e

t h e

n u m

i n
b e r

s t r u c t u r e

p l o y m

o n l y

T h e s e

a t e r i a l l y

t o t a l

t h e

o c c u p a t i o n a l

o c c u p a t i o n a l

s t u d i e d .
m

a n d

t o

e n t

o b ­

i n d i c a t e

d i f f e r e n c e s
a c c u r a c y

o f

i n
t h e

d a t a .

d i s c l o s u r e
E s t a b l i s h m

d a t a .

e n t

P r a c t i c e s

I n f o r m

1
I n c lu d e d in t h e 9 0 a re a s a re fo u r s tu d ie s c o n d u c te d u n d e r c o n tr a c t w ith t h e N e w Y o rk S ta te
D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r. T h e s e a re a s a re B in g h a m to n (N e w Y o rk p o r tio n o n ly ); R o c h e s te r ( o f f ic e o c c u ­
p a tio n s o n ly ); S y ra c u s e ; a n d U t i c a —R o m e . In a d d itio n , th e B u re a u c o n d u c ts m o re l i m i t e d a r e a s tu d ie s
in 78 a re a s a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b lic C o n tr a c ts D iv isio n s o f th e U. S. D e ­
p a r t m e n t o f L abor.




e x c l u d e

c o s t - o f - l i v i n g

h o u r )

r a t e s ) .

r o u n d e d

f o r

s c h e d u l e

o v e ­

d i v i s i o n s

t a b l e s ,

t h e

d i f f e r e n c e s

f o l l o w i n g
f o r

i u m

b e e n

s h o w n

h o l i d a y s ,

b u t

s a l a r i e s

d i f f e r e n t i a l

p r o g r e s s i o n

p e r f o r m

t h a n

t h e

v a r i a t i o n

s e l e c t e d

- s e r i e s

m

s e t

e n t

e a r n i n g s

s o m

o f

t e c h n i c a l ;

a t e r i a l

d a t a

W

h a l f

e

f r o m

d i f f e r e n c e s

r a t e s

c l a s s i f y i n g

v a r i e t y

a r e

a n d

E a r n i n g s

b i n e d .
o r

t o

a n d

i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m

T h e

i n

o n

a n d

o c c u p a t i o n s

d e s c r i b e d ,
p r e s e n t e d

c o m

p r o f e s s i o n a l

a p p e n d i x .
c o m

a r e

i n d u s t r i e s ,

(2 )

a c c o u n t

i n d u s t r i e s

n o t

s t u d y

a n u f a c t u r i n g

p o w e r p l a n t ;

d e s i g n e d

w i t h i n

d a t a

n o n m
O f f i c e

O c c u p a t i o n a l

d e s c r i p t i o n s
i n

a n d

t y p e s :

f o r

i n c l u d e d .

n e a r e s t

a r e
w e e k l y

e e k e n d s ,

o c c u p a t i o n s ,

p r e m

e s t a b l i s h m

e n t s .

w
t o

i n d i v i d u a l

c o n t r i b u t e

a r e a ,

a n d

a s s u m

d u t i e s

s e l e c t e d

w

e x c l u d e d ,

s p r e a d

e l s
n o t

s ­

E a r n i n g s

o c c u p a t i o n s

d a t a

r e g u l a r

o n

a r e

t h e

h a v e

a

E a r n i n g s

o r k

o b t a i n a b l e

w a g e

e s t a b l i s h m

w i t h i n
T h e

o r k

s t r a i g h t - t i m

c o n t r i b u t e

r e l a t i o n s h i p

a c t u a l
O c c u p a t i o n s

w

a r e

p r e s e n t e d

a n d

i n d i v i d u a l

o f

d a t a ,

a n d

t o

a n d / o r

a v e r a g e s

I n d u s t r i e s

a c c u r a t e l y

T o

w e i g h t .

g r o u p i n g

w

c l e r i c a l

r e g u l a r

o c c u p a t i o n s

T h e

o f

e n t s .

p r o p o r t i o n

p r e s e n t e d ,

i n d u s t r y

s i z e

b a s i s

e s t a b l i s h m

a p p r o p r i a t e

s t u d i e d
t h e

p l e

a l l

s t u d i e d .

i n

i n i m

a

c o s t ,

g i v e n

e n t s

m

o n

s u r v e y i n g

f o r

e a r n i n g s

( r o u n d e d

r e g u l a r

e a r n i n g s

t o

b o n u s e s

o f f i c e

t h e i r

a n d

a r e

m

T h e s e

f o r

e e k

a t

t h e s e

p u b l i ­

c r i t e r i a .

u n n e c e s s a r y

o r k w

e

a n d

i n c e n t i v e
a s

e n t
h i r e d

c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

e

o n p r o d u c t i o n

r e c e i v e

s t a f f i n g

t h e

N
a n d

o v e r t i m

i n g s

t h e

t a b u l a t i o n s

w h i c h

f o r

a r e

i n

p l o y m

t h o s e

o v e r t i m

r e p o r t e d ,
w

e m

i . e . ,

o c c u p a t i o n a l
f o r

a n c e s

a r e

i n d u s t r i e s .

o r k e r s ,

s h i f t s .

a l l o w

u t i l i t i e s ;

w

p a y

a r e

p l o y m

S e p a r a t e

d i v i s i o n s

M

t h e
i u m

s t u d i e s

o f

e m

m

a n d

e x t r a c t i v e

n u m

i n

e r e

e

e s t a t e ;

r e a l

t h e s e

i n s u f f i c i e n t

f u l l - t i m

r e p r e s e n t ­

p u b l i c

a n d

O c c u p a t i o n a l

L a b o r ' s
e a r n i n g s

d i v i s i o n s :

o t h e r

p r e s c r i b e d

i n d u s t r y

e n t

i s t s

f r o m

i n c l u s i o n .

b r o a d

t h i s

i n s u r a n c e ,

f u r n i s h

a r r a n t

I n

e c o n o m

c o n s t r u c t i o n

t o

e p a r t m

o c c u p a t i o n a l

i n d u s t r y

u n i c a t i o n ,

f i n a n c e ,

e r

t h e

D
o f

f i e l d

b r o a d

g r o u p s

t e n d

o f

i d e

B u r e a u

c o m

f e w

U . S .

b a s i s . 1

o f

i n d u s t r y

t h e y

t h e

a r e a w

t r a d e ;

h a v i n g

w h i c h

s u r v e y s

w i t h i n

s t u d i e d

f o r

i n

c o n d u c t s

a n

o p e r a t i o n s

o c c u p a t i p n s

c a t i o n

9 0

v i s i t s

r e t a i l

b e c a u s e

p r o v i d e d

o n

e n t s

t r a d e ;

s e r v i c e s .

i t t e d

o f

t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ,

h o l e s a l e

o m

1

p e r s o n a l

e s t a b l i s h m

g o v e r n m

i s

S t a t i s t i c s

b e n e f i t s

b y

f a c t u r i n g ;
w

a r e a

L a b o r

1

e s t a b l i s h m

e n t

r e l a t e

a t i o n

p l a n t

t o

p r o f e s s i o n a l
a s

a

i s

e m

s e p a r a t e

o r k

a n d

o f f i c e

p l o y e e s ,
w

S u p p l e m

p r e s e n t e d

p r a c t i c e s
a n d

a n d

w
a n d

f o r c e

( i n

s u p p l e m
o r k e r s .

e n t a r y

t h e

B

A

d m

e x c l u d e d .

a g e

- s e r i e s

e n t a r y

c o n s t r u c t i o n
a r e

W

w a g e

P r o v i s i o n s

t a b l e s )

i n i s t r a t i v e ,
w

o r k e r s
" P l a n t

o n

p r o v i s i o n s

a s

e x e c u t i v e ,

w h o
w

s e l e c t e d
t h e y
a n d

a r e

u t i l i z e d

o r k e r s "

i n c l u d e

2

w o r k i n g

f o r e m

m

t r a i n e e s )

e n

a n d

i n c l u d e

e n

a n d

w o r k i n g

c l e r i c a l

o r

e x c l u d e d

i n

n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
i n

n o n o f f i c e

s u p e r v i s o r s

r e l a t e d
m

a l l

e n g a g e d

a n d

f u n c t i o n s .

a n u f a c t u r i n g

w

o r k e r s

n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
C a f e t e r i a

i n d u s t r i e s ,

( i n c l u d i n g

f u n c t i o n s .

w

b u t

" O f f i c e

w

o r k e r s

o r k e r s

a n d

i n c l u d e d

i n

w

l e a d -

o r k e r s "

p e r f o r m

r o u t e m

n o n m

e n

i n g

p a r t

i n i m

r e l a t e

s a m

p l i n g

e n t s

e n t r a n c e

t o

t h e

m

t h e

o r e

s a l a r i e s

e s t a b l i s h m

t e c h n i q u e s

a r e

a b o v e

u m

o n l y

u s e d ,

l i k e l y

a n d

t o

s u b c l e r i c a l

o m

e n

o f f i c e

s m

a l

w

o r k e r s

o f

t h e

t h a t

l a r g e

u m

e s t a b l i s h ­

r a t e s

f o r

e s t a b l i s h m

a l l

( t a b l e

o p t i m

e n t r a n c e

e n t s ,

w

t o

t o t a l

s h o w

T h e

t h e

o r k e r s

t a b l e

i s

e a s u r e

f i t s .

o f

S h i f t
i n

m

w

s

o f

o r k e r

o f

w

(1 )

e m

s u r v e y .

t h e

e n t ,

a c t u a l l y

I n

a p p l y i n g

t o

m

" o t h e r "

l a t e - s h i f t

h o u r s

o n l y

a p p l i e d

i f

i t

a r e

a

a t

m

t h e

i s
i n

r a t e s ,

o f

t h e

w

s

o f

i n

t h e

t i m

a p p l i e d

t o

e n t s

d i f f e r e n t i a l

s h i f t

e n t ,

a

o f

a s

a

e n t

o f

p a y m

w

a l e n t

o f

1

a s

w

s c h e d u l e d

w

a l l

p l a n t

o f

t h e

w

e e k l y

w

o r k ,

o r k e r s

h o u r s
w

o r

a r e

h e t h e r

w

i n

e e k l y

a n

o f f i c e
t h o s e

t h e y

w

h o u r s

o u n t

w

o r k e r s

w h i c h

e r e

p a i d

e n t
o f

c o s t .

a t

o f

a

m

a s

t h e

e m

f o r

e s t a b l i s h m

e n t .

p l o y e e s

e r e

e m

s t r a i g h t - t i m

w

e

o r

o f

t h e

a p p l y i n g

e

p l a n s ;
a r e

f r e q u e n c y

t r e a t e d

p l a n t
m

a n d

o r

a y

i t e m

o f f i c e

i n

o f

s t a t i s t i c a l l y
w

e v e n t u a l l y
s

p a i d

if

q u a l i f y
B - 2

w a g e
o n

o r k e r s

t a b l e s

v a c a t i o n s ;
p a y m

t h e
a

f o r

m

a j o r i t y

e n t

( t a b l e s
t h e s e

o v e r t i m

o f

s u c h

p r a c t i c e s

t h r o u g h

B - 7

m

a y

w

B - 4
a r e

e

t h i s

l i s t e d .
n o t

S u m

e q u a l

a n d

t o

B - 7 )

a r e

t o

a l l

e l i g i b l e
o f

t o t a l s

o r

i n d i v i d u a l
b e c a u s e

o f

d a y s
i n

w

g r a n t e d
r i t t e n

o r d i n a r i l y
w

o r k d a y

a n n u a l l y

f o r m

,

o r

g r a n t e d
a n d

h o l i d a y s

t h e

o n
(2 )

a r e
w

a
h a v e

( t a b l e

f o r m

o r k e r

i s

a l

b e e n

i n c l u d e d
n o t

B - 4 )

a r e

b a s i s ;

l i m

i . e . ,

e s t a b l i s h e d

e v e n

t h o u g h

g r a n t e d

i t e d
(1 )

a n o t h e r

a y

d a y

o n

f o r

a n d

h a l f

a n d

h a l f

a

w

t i m

a s

e

l e n g t h s

s e r v i c e .

i n u m

,

w

e r e

e n t

e x a m

a s

t h e

o n
p l e ,

e q u i v ­

p l a n s

b e y o n d

T y p i c a l

a n d

a

b e n e ­

p a y m
f o r

b e n e f i t s

a

e s t a b l i s h ­

f o r

b a s i s ;

c o n s i d e r e d

o f

t o
a s

s e r v i c e
t h e

v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s

a l u m

i t e d

s p e c i f i c

o f

P r o v i s i o n s
t o

l i m

i n t e n d e d

o f

o r k e r s

" s a b b a t i c a l "

s t e e l ,

o u t

o f

a

m

t o

p l a n s ,

w

a

c a n

a s

w

a n d
b a s i c

o f

s u c h

i n d u s t r i e s .

w

a

t o w

m

o r

t o

a r d

b e

a

e r c i a l

a

t o

c o m

o f

t h e

i n s u r a n c e

s e t

b y

a s i d e

h a v e

c o v e r e d

c o s t

i n ­

o f

d i r e c t l y

f u n d

p a r t i c i p a t e

t h e

B - 6 )

p a r t

p a i d

f r o m

t o

e n ' s

e r e

c o m

o r

( t a b l e

l e a s t

c o n s i d e r e d

e l e c t e d

o r k m

e n t

a s

a t

f u n d

e l i g i b l e

c o n t r i b u t e

s u c h

b y

u n i o n

w

p l a n s

p a y s

f u n d s

e n t

a s

a j o r i t y

r e t i r e m

p e n s i o n

r i t t e n

o p e r a t i n g

p l o y e e s

t h a n

a n d

p l o y e r

u n d e r w

e s t a b l i s h m

e m

r a i l r o a d

e m

t h r o u g h

c u r r e n t

r e q u i r e d

a n d

t h o s e

A n

o f

r e q u i r e d

t h e

p r o v i d e d

l e s s

e r e

i n s u r a n c e ,

w h i c h

i n c l u d e

S i c k n e s s

t h e

u n d e r

e v e r ,

f o r

i n

a r e

r e q u i r e d ,
r e q u i r e m
i t e d

f a l l
o f f .

.

h o l i ­

n o

o r

a

H o l i d a y s

t o

o f

w

s i c k

T h e

f i r s t

e i t h e r

o r

t h e

a l

a r e

a

p l a n

u n d e r

b e c a u s e
t h e

t h e
e m

p l a n .

p e n s a t i o n ,

­

L e ­

s o c i a l

s e ­

e x c l u d e d .

a n

b o t h

t h e

e m

4

e m

w i t h
o f

p r o v i d e

(2 )

w

t o

p l a n s

a d d i t i o n

t o

(1 )

t h e

s i c k n e s s
t o t a l

i s

o r e

p l a n s

w h i c h

s i c k
o r

a
o f

p r o p o r t i o n

f u l l

p a y
p a y

a n d

i n s u r a n c e

w

o r k e r s

t h e

p a r t i a l

o f

a c c i d e n t

t h e

o f

t h e
a r e

S e p a r a t e

p r o v i d e

e i t h e r

p l a n s

l e g a l l y

p l a n s

i l l n e s s .

w h i c h

p r o v i d e

o f

p o r a r y

e x c e e d

l e a v e

i s

H o w ­

i s

p r e s e n t a t i o n

s h o w n

a t i o n

t e m

t h a n

o f

d i r e c t l y

I n f o r m

e n a c t e d

m

b e c a u s e

w h i c h

t y p e

a d e

c o n t r i b u t e s .

b e n e f i t s

p a y

t h a t
m

c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3

p a i d

f u l l

o r k

t o

a r e

h a v e

p l o y e r

c o n t r i b u t e s

p l o y e e

a c c o r d i n g

a n d

p r o v i d e d

o f

(1 )

f r o m

p l o y e r

w h i c h

r e q u i r e

e m

w h i c h

u n d u p l i c a t e d
t y p e s

J e r s e y ,

i t e d

e n t s

d i s a b i l i t y .

e m

T a b u l a t i o n s

a b s e n c e

I n

t h e

l i m

p a y m

a c c i d e n t

p l o y e r

t h e

i s

c a s h

w h i c h

h i c h

l a w .

p e r i o d ,

a r e

i n s u r a n c e
i n e d

o r

t o

N e w
w

p r e s e n t e d

p e r i o d .
w h o

a n d
l a w s

p l a n s

d u r i n g

w a i t i n g

l e a v e ,

i f

p l a n s

p r o v i d e s

o f

f o r m

o r k e r s

n o n ­

(2 )

p a y

w a i t i n g

a

o n

o n l y

o r

o r k e r ' s

a n d

Y o r k

e n t s

i l l n e s s

s u c h

i n s u r a n c e

i n c l u d e d

a c c i d e n t
p r e d e t e r m

d u r i n g
a l l

N e w

d i s a b i l i t y

a n d
w h i c h

i n s u r e d

p r e s e n t e d

f o r

p r o v i d e d

c u s t o m
m

2
A n e s ta b l is h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y if i t
d itio n s:
(1) O p e r a te d l a t e sh ifts a t th e tim e o f th e s u rv e y , o r (2 ) h a d
l a te sh ifts. A n e s ta b l is h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g f o rm a l p ro v is io n s
sh ifts d u rin g th e 12 m o n th s p r io r to th e s u rv e y , o r (2 ) h a d p ro v is io n s i n
l a te sh ifts.




d a t a

a r e

b y

t h e y

t o

t h e

i s

n o t

l e n g t h s

w

e x c l u d e

o r

i s

r e c e i v i n g

a l l

e a r n i n g s

a t e s

B - 5 )

I t

o f f i c e

s e r v i c e .

q u a l i f y i n g
i n

f o r

o r

c o n v e r t e d

a n n u a l

h e a l t h ,

t h o s e

i f

t a b u l a t i o n s
p a i d

w i t h

a j o r i t y

w

c u r i t y ,

w

o n

o f

E s t i m

( t a b l e

a c t u a l l y

e n t

p l a n t

e r e

o f

p l a n s

p l a n s

e v e n

g a l l y

l i m

r o u n d i n g .

D a t a

w h o l e
w h o l e

t o

p e n s i o n

t h r o u g h

s

o r k e r s

" e x t e n d e d "

p u r p o s e .

m

r a t e s .

a p p l i c a b l e

o r k e r s

o f

b i n e s

S c h e d u l e d
e x p e c t e d

i n s u r a n c e ,

t h a t

b a s i s

t h e

h e a l t h ,

w

p a y .

o n

p l o y e r

t h e

t o
h o l i d a y s ;

a l l

l e n g t h

p e r c e n t

p l a n s

a n d

i n s u r a n c e

P a i d

w

p l a n s

p r o v i s i o n s .

e s t a b l i s h m

b a s i s

o r k e r s

S u c h

e

s o m

a j o r i t y

t a b u l a t e d

o f

t o

o f

e

a r e

p a n y

i f

t h a t

f u l l - t i m
f o r

B - 3 )

a r e

a n

o f f e r

t h o s e

c o m

h o u r s .

( t a b l e

e s t a b l i s h m

o f

e e k ' s

D a t a
c l u d e

p l o y e e s
T h e

2

w

e x c l u s i o n s

p l a n ,

f i r s t - s h i f t

b e r

c o m

e .

v a c a t i o n

p r o p o r t i o n

t i m

w h i c h
t o

o f

v a c a t i o n

a p p l y i n g

t h a n

s

a j o r i t y ,

w h i c h

t i m

n u m

p a r t

i n

t h e

a m
m

o f

r e g a r d l e s s

o t h e r

r e c o r d e d

a

i n

e

t h e

s e c o n d

p l a n t
t e r m

t h e

o u n t

a

b o t h

t o t a l

p r e s e n t e d
a t

e n t s .

o r k e r s

p r e s e n t e d

s h i f t

e s t a b l i s h m

a l

p l a n t

d i f f e r e n t i a l s ,

a m

I n

t o

t e r m

p r a c t i c e ,

n o

e s t a b l i s h m

i t e d

a t i o n

v a r i e d
i f

u s e d .

a j o r i t y

l a r g e

l i m

s p e c i f i e d

o r ,

n o r m

a r e

i n f o r m

h a v i n g

a s

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f o rm a l p ro v is io n s c o v e rin g
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if i t (1 ) h a d o p e r a te d la t e
A n e s ta b l is h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p l a n i f i t e s ta b lis h e d a t l e a s t th e
w r i tt e n f o rm f o r o p e r a tin g
m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d ay s o f s ic k l e a v e a v a il a b le to e a c h e m p lo y e e .
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3

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T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1969)
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

M in i m u m
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m e n ts in sc o p e
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W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

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N um ber

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___
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T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5________________________
___
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1 T h e S a n J o s e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f S a n t a C l a r a C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s ti m a t e s sh o w n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t in t h e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s
n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv i d u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in
e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in th e S e r ie s B ta b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o tn o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o ti o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g
r e lig io u s a n d c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i te c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t w o - t h i r d s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e S a n J o s e a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d
s p e c if ic i n d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u f a c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s
21

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
E le c tr o n ic c o m p o n e n ts an d

18
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____20
M a c h in e ry , e x c ep t

C an n ed , c u re d , and fro z e n
16
E le c tro n ic te s t and
7
O f f ic e a n d c o m p u tin g
7

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e riv e d f ro m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
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c h a n g e s

l a b o r

i n

t h e

t u r n ­

p r o p o r ­

o f

w

o r k e r s

e m

p l o y e d

b y

e s t a b l i s h m

e n t s

w i t h

d i f f e r e n t

p a y

l e v e l s .

i n d e x
i n

t h e

l a b o r

f o r c e

c a n

c a u s e

i n c r e a s e s

o r

d e c r e a s e s

i n

t h e

r e l a t i v e
a v e r a g e s

w i t h o u t

a c t u a l

w a g e

c h a n g e s .

I t

i s

c o n c e i v a b l e

e v e n

t h o u g h

w a g e

a l l

e s t a b l i s h m

e n t s

i n

a n

a r e a

g a v e

w a g e

i n c r e a s e s ,

e a r n i n g s
w a g e s
t h e

m

a y

h a v e

d e c l i n e d

b e c a u s e

l o w

e r - p a y i n g

e s t a b l i s h m

e n t s

t r e n d s :

O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ): O ffic e c le r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) — S k i ll e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n ) :
B o okkee p in g - m a c h in e
C o n tin u e d
C a r p e n te r s
o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
S e c re ta rie s
E l e c tr ic ia n s
C le ik s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s e s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
M a c h in is ts
A and B
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
M e c h a n ic s
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s s e s
S w itc h b o a r d o p e ra to rs , c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o ti v e )
A , B, a n d C
A and B
P a in te r s
P ip e f itte r s
C le ik s , o rd e r
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e ra to rs ,
C lerics, p a y ro ll
c la s s B
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A a n d B
K e y p u n c h o p e ra to rs , c la s s e s
U n s k ille d p l a n t (m e n ) :
A and B
I n d u s tr ia l n u rse s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r te r s , a n d c le a n e r s
O ffic e boys a n d g irls
N u rs e s , i n d u s tr ia l ( r e g is te r e d )
L a b o re rs , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g

m

a y

h a v e

m

a y

h a v e

e n t e r e d

a r e a
r e m

t h e

c h a n g e s

c l u d e d
i n

i n

i n

o v e r t i m

t h e

i n d e x e s

5

c h a n g e s

e x p a n d e d

t h e i r

r e l a t i v e l y

w

o r k

c o n s t a n t ,

c o n s i d e r a b l y

f o r c e s .

y e t

b e c a u s e

t h e

S i m

i l a r l y ,

a v e r a g e s

h i g h e r - p a y i n g

f o r

w a g e s
a n

a r e a

e s t a b l i s h m

e n t s

a r e a .

u s e

t h e

f o r

b y

a i n e d

i n

a v e r a g e

c h a n g e s

o r

r i s e n

T h e
o f

1 I n d e x e s o f e a rn in g s r e f e r r e d to in th is s ta n d a r d t e x t a r e p u b lis h e d f o r m o s t a r e a s b u t n o t in
S a n Jo s e b e c a u s e t h e a r e a w a s n o t s u rv e y e d i n t h e b a s e y e a r o f t h e in d e x s e rie s .




p o r t a n t

a n d
o c c u ­

( c o m p o u n d )

v e r a g e
t h e

( 2 )

c h a n g e s

f o r c e

e n t e r e d

t h e

i m

k e y

f o r

a v e r a g e
f o r

e r i c a l l y

h o l i d a y s ,

s e l e c t e d

r e s u l t a n t

t h a t
e a c h

a n d

a v e r a g e s ,

o r k e r s

o c c u p a t i o n a l
f o r

f o r

D a t a

c h a n g e s ,

C h a n g e s
t h e

e e k e n d s ,

d a t a

t h e y

e x c l u d i n g

t h e

t i o n s
r e l a t i v e ,
i s

n u m

w

g r o u p s ,

e a r n i n g s ,

a g g r e g a t e s

a g g r e g a t e

y e a r .

t h e

o n

o n

w a g e

f o r

o v e r ,
y e a r

o r k

o r k e r

h o u r l y

t h e

w o r k w e e k ,

e n t

w a g e s
f o r

o f

w

b a s e d

w

a l

y e a r

v i d u a l
p r o d u c t s

f o r

a r e

p l a n t

e

n o r m

a r e a .

w a g e
e a c h

F o r

n u r s e s ,

t h e

a r e

c h a n g e
e n t s

a n d

o s t

e .

f o r

o c c u p a t i o n a l

p r o p o r t i o n a t e

c o n s t a n t

m

i n d u s t r i a l

g r o u p .

T h e
i n

e

a n d

s a l a r i e s

s t r a i g h t - t i m

p e r c e n t a g e s

i n c l u d e

o r k e r s

o v e r t i m

a v e r a g e

o v e r t i m

T h e

a n d

f o r

i n

w

w e e k l y

i n t e n d e d

L i m

s e l e c t e d

a s s i g n e d

e a r n i n g s

s h i f t s .

p a t i o n s

t o

Method of Computing
g r o u p

i u m

c l e r i c a l

r e g u l a r

c h a n g e s

p r e m

t h e

r e l a t e

t o

o f

e a s u r e

l a t e

i n d e x

p e r i o d

i n c r e a s e

T h e s e

a r e a ;

t h e

o f f i c e

r e l a t e

e x c l u s i v e
m

o f

c o n d u c t e d

f r o m

b a s e

t r e n d s

i n d e x e s

p e r c e n t

s u r v e y

o r

d a t e s .

f o r

a

F o r

c h a n g e
n u r s e s ,

T h e

a s

1 0 0

t h e

c h a n g e

o f

i n d u s t r i a l

e x p r e s s e d

f r o m

o f

i n d i c a t e d

c h a n g e s

a n d

S u b t r a c t i n g

p e r c e n t a g e s

a v e r a g e s

1

o r k e r s

t i m

1 9 6 1 ) .

t h e

i n

w

p l a n t

g i v e n

c h a n g e

e e n

a v e r a g e

a

J u n e

T h e

i n d e x e s

s e l e c t e d

p e r i o d

a n d

c h a n g e

a r e

c l e r i c a l

a t

b a s e

i n d e x .

c h a n g e s

m

o f

w a g e s

I 9 6 0

2

o f f i c e

p e r c e n t a g e

t h e

e a s u r e s

t o

o f

d u r i n g
J u l y

t a b l e

o f

e a r n i n g s

e a s u r e

e e n

i n

s a l a r i e s

o f

t h e

c o n s t a n t
p r o p o r t i o n

d a t a .

p a y

T h e

f o r

W

a n d
i n

t h e

h e r e

w

p l o y m

o f

w

o r k

e

o f

o f
t h e

w e i g h t s

c h a n g e

h o u r s .

d a t a
c h a n g e

s u r v e y .

T h e y

a s
w

e l i m

r e p r e s e n t e d

o f

s c h e d u l e s ,

n e c e s s a r y ,

p e r c e n t a g e s
s c o p e

e n t

o r k e r s

p e r c e n t a g e s

s t r a i g h t - t i m

s t a n d a r d
e .

e m

s u c h ,
e r e

a n y

i n a t e s
i n

r e f l e c t
a r e
o r

a d j u s t e d

n o t
b y
t o

s i g n i f i c a n t

t h e

e a c h
o n l y

e f f e c t
j o b

i n ­

c h a n g e s

i n f l u e n c e d
p r e m
r e m

i u m

o v e

e f f e c t

b y
p a y

f r o m
c a u s e d

T a b l e

2 .

P e r c e n t s

o f

I n c r e a s e

i n

S t a n d a r d

W

e e k l y

i n

S a n

S a l a r i e s

a n d

S t r a i g h t - T i m

C a l i f . ,

A l l

O f f i c e

J o s e ,

f o r

S e l e c t e d

e

H

o u r l y

E a r n i n g s

f o r

S e l e c t e d

i n d u s t r i e s

S k i l l e d

I n d u s t r i a l

M

U

O

c c u p a t i o n a l

G

r o u p s

P e r i o d s

O f f i c e

n s k i l l e d

a n u f a c t u r i n g

I n d u s t r i a l

S k i l l e d

U n s k i l l e d

P e r i o d
c l e r i c a l
( m

e n

a n d

w o m e n )

n u r s e s
( m

e n

a n d

w o m e n )

m

t r a d e s
( m e n )

c l e r i c a l

p l a n t

a i n t e n a n c e
w

( m

o r k e r s

a n d

w o m e n )

( m e n )

P e r c e n t s

e n

o f

n u r s e s
( m

e n

a n d

w o m e n )

m

a i n t e n a n c e
t r a d e s
( m e n )

p l a n t
w

o r k e r s
( m e n )

i n c r e a s e

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 8

t o

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 9 _________

4 . 4

7 . 2

6 . 1

5 . 5

4 . 4

6 . 6

6 . 4

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 7

t o

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 8 _________

6 . 2

7 . 8

8 . 4

4

6

7 . 0

7 . 8

8 . 6

5 .1

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 6

t o

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 7 _________

5 . 4

1 1 . 5

4 . 0

4 . 3

5 . 4

1 2 . 0

3 . 9

6 . 7

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 5

t o

S e p t e m

b e r

1 9 6 6 _________

4 . 0

4 . 5

3 . 6

3 . 7

4 . 5

4 . 5

3 . 6

2 . 2




7 .1

7
A. Occupational E arnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W omen

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Jose, Calif., September 1969)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

t
65

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
70

s

$

i
75

80

85

*

*
90

95

t
100

$
105

*

$
110

115

t

$
120

125

<
130

$
135

s

s

%
140

160

150

$
170

i
180

and
under
70

190
and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

125

13Q

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

5
5

over

MEN
40
30

$
1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0

$
1 4 4 .5 0

$
$
1 4 1 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

1

2

2

~

17

2

1 5 9 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

1

2

2

~

7

4
4

4

4 0 .0

4

2

CLERKS, ORCER -------------------------

49

4 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

5

-

26

10

-

OF FI CE B O Y S --------------------- -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

49

9 7 .5 0

9 7 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

-

2

1

-

-

-

28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0

9 8 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

2

1

32

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

4

3

6

1

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

3 9 .0

_

_

-

17
9

13

-

-

1

3
3

5
l

8
5

-

-

_

-

-

7

3
3

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WOMEN
B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AL TU RI NG ----------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

45

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

397

1 3 1 .0 0

228

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

169

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

671
343
328

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 8 .5 C -1 1 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

2

9

7

10

8

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

4

2

10

13

1

-

2

8

9

1

4

2

8

5

6

12

11

53

10
9

2
2

-

-

92
39

9

-

34
23

19

-

82
45

34

-

38
26

41

-

16
10

“

“

77

146

72
44
28

68
5*,
14

8
6

16

3
3

-

-

-

-

41
105

72
59
13

88

3
74

70
39
31

2

16

~

~

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

25
16
9

-

5

55
33

10

2

28
13
15
18
1

37
7
5
2

25
9

“

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------

33

3 9 .0

1 C 3.00

9 6 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

-

-

16

-

4

-

1

1

1

2

6

-

-

2

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

158
78

8 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

8 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 8 5 .5 0

5
-

23
-

1

30
-

9
9

29

5

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

23

1

30

2
3

2
2

-

26
3

1
1

5

32
17
15

21
21

80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ORCER -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

126
66

4 0 .0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

-

3
3

9
9

8
8

7
7

-

3
3

5

4

4 0 .0

i

“

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU KI NG -----------------

174
137
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 U

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

ii
9

16

13
9

16
16

6
6

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

21
15
6

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

117
94

4 C .0
4 0 .0

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

351

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

224
127

3 9 .5

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 6 . 5C

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

413
219

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

9 8 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

194

3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0

I C O .50

9 5 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------

32

4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0

8 4 .0 0

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

9 1 .0 0

-

_
-

_

8

18

“

*

10

_
-

_
-

_

5

3

14

24

7

-

5

3

21
3

3
4

1

i

-

-

12
12

14
6

*

-

-

-

“

~

12
2

-

3

3

-

-

2

“

6
10

19
4

17
17

7
7

50

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

~

11
7

24

-

29

6

2

1

26

3

2

1

3

“
54
54

3

“

-

1
1

2
2

9

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

~

-

~

-

-

-

“

“
-

-

9

15

19

27

18

7

9
1

4
4

“

2

6

9

16

23

26

2

12
3

19

-

23
13

72
53

“

19

8

~

“

-

18

35
19

36

-

32
23

44

-

-

4

10

5

67
24

55

36

44

16

26

11

1

2

-

-

6

26

11

1

2

43

20
16

16

30

36
19

33

5

26
59

5
5

6

-

4

3
7

40
10

85

-

-

-

-

12

-

6

6

4

-

1

3

-

2

24

11

~

-

-

-

1 0 9 . C O - 1 4 0 . 50

7 3 .5 0 -

-

~

“

“
-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Jose, Calif., September 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

Median 2

-Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Middle range 2

i ----- r —
65
70
and
under

r

$
75

s

t
80

85

$
90

*
95

i

100

105

$

$
110

$
115

S
120

$

%

125

130

*
135

t

i

140

150

$
160

$
170

i
180

190
and

70

GCMc N

-

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

-

-

-

~

4
4

5
i
4

22
19
3

37
26
11

105
78
27

126
87
39

176
112
64

225
157
68

300
211
89

215
151
64

251
157
94

315
206
109

409
381
28

130
104
26

68
61
7

48
42
6

39
35
4

3

8
5

_

_

-

3
i

12
6

19
13

19
18

13
10

12
12

ii
ii

C O N TI N U E D
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

$
1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

$
$
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

2 , 975
1 ,8 2 8
647

4 0 .C

1 3 2 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

SECRET A R I E S , C L A S S A -------------------------------MA N UF A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------- -- -----------

1GC
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 8 --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

361

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 5 3 . 0C

300
61

1 4 5 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

--------------------------------

816
569
247

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 6 .C O - 1 4 8 .50
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

6
6
-

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

117. 5 0 -13 7 .00

-

-

1 2 7 .5 0

-

4
4

5
1
4

-

-

-

1
1

ii
1
10

S E C R t T A k I E S 3 --------------------------------------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N CN MA NU F AC T U R IN G

N UN MA N UF A CT U RI NG
SECRETARIES,

CLASS

M AN UF A CT U RI NG

----------------------------------------C

nunm anufacturing

1 ,1 5 8
881
317

S T E N L G R A P H E R S , g e n e r a l --------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N CN MA NU F AC T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

316
248
68

4 0 . C 1CB.0C
1 10*50
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
9 8 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0
109*50
5 4 .5 0

9 7 . 5 0 - 1 1 9 . CO
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N CN MA NU F AC T UR I NG -----------------------------------------

720
656
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

S W I T CH B OA R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------MA N UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N CN MA NU F AC T UR I NG -----------------------------------------

114
71
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

S WI T C HB C A R C O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------N CN MA NU F AC T UR I NG -----------------------------------------

10C
88

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

9 3 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

9 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

S W IT C H B O A R C O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MA NU FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------

154

112

CLA SS

D ---------------------------------

4 C .C
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .0 0

MA N UF A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N CN MA NU F AC T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

SECRETARIES,

4 0 .0

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N C NMA NU FA CT URI NG -----------------------------------------

592
482
110

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 C 2 .5 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

T Y P I S T S ..

413
239

N ON MA NU FA C TU RI NG

CL A SS

190 over

B -------------------------------------------------

MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N C NM ANU FAC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

174

8 7 .5 0 8 7 .0 0 -

9 9 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
96. 5 0 -11 6 .50
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

95.50

9 4 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0

99.00

9 2.50-106.00

8 9 .5 0

9 0 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -

9 4 .5 0

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

•
*

-

_

-

8

8

9
i
8

3
3

7
7

34
22
12

35
30
5

61
54
7

78
72
6

44
33
11

31
29
2

27
26
1

28
24
4

2
2

25
21
4

34
15
19

31
18
13

78
50
28

129
91
38

84
60
24

98
66
32

148
89
59

86
74
12

65
53
12

24
22
2

6
4
2

-

16
13
3

35
26
9

79
56
23

89
71
18

133
93
40

136
102
34

164
113
51

97
69
28

115
60
55

94
55
39

226
222
4

2
2

-

3
3

-

45
18
27

42
33
9

53
43
10

36
34
2

29
27
2

27
22
5

41
41

8
8
“

9
8
1

14
13
1

_
~
“

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

6
2
4

15
12
3

22
17
5

31
31
-

73
70
3

17
14
3

48
33
15

46
32
14

46
36
10

385
3 83
2

26
26

3
3

-

-

-

9
9
“

8
4
4

7
1
6

1
1
"

1
~
1

24
24
-

1
1
*

2
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

*

-

-

”

-

_
-

-

-

~

“

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

2
1
1

7
1
6

19
8
ii

14
11
3

19
9
10

-

_

8
8

37
37

20
18

12
10

15
7

i
i

7
7

-

_

_

-

18
3
15

10
8
2

24
13
11

49
28
21

4
4
-

38
27
11

14
7
7

22
14
8

2
2
“

10
6
4

3
3

*

-

~

-

_

10
10

10

2

37
24
13

45
35
10

36
29
7

73
47
26

33
24
9

12
11
1

18
11
7

13
13

40
40

234
234

-

-

8

31
12
19

-

13
12
1

18

63
13
50

107
54
53

64
41
23

47
42
5

41
40
1

9

5
5

1
1

3
3

16
16

-

~

-

-

-

18

-

3
1
2

18
10

a

2

“

7

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. The me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the
higher rate.
3 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




9

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W omen

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Jose, Calif. , September 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Median 2

$

$

t

*

*

t

$

*

*

*

t

t
t
*
i
t
i
240
250 260 270 280 290

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

U

27

23

19

3

9C
M ean2

t

t

t

3

26
24

46
45

32
31

32
27

22

19

and
under

Middle range2

100

and
260

270

280

290 over

MEN

68
221
176

$
177.50 179.00 17 1. 00 40.0 178.00 180.00 1 7 2. 00 -

187.50
189.50

1

2

1

40.0 155.00 156.50 143.00169.50
40.0 158.00 161.50 1 4 7. 00 171.00
40.0 143.00 14^.50 134.50-154.00

29
17

,

42
30
12

40
31

46
41

1
1

51
50

5

COMPUTER PPCGRAMERS,
to?

.0 225.00 224.50

CCMPUTER PRCGRAHERS,
DUS INL j S y CLASS 0
0

"

188.50
i o a* nr 190.00
*

3
175.50-199.00

20
t6

7

18
F6

53
52

10

1

CGMPUTER PRGGRAMERS,
33
26

40.0 154.00 157.00 14 7. 50 40.0 156.50 160.50 15 3. 50 -

163.00
164.00

67

40.0 296.00 300.50 2 7 0. 00 40.0 290.50 300.00 2 6 4. 00 -

303.00
302.50

J

*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
3

3

7

7

3

8

12
11

31
26

15
11

19
8

13
10

37
26

350
436

15

CCMPUTtR SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
23 1.00-272.50
4C*0 ■
’'0*00 247.00
lrw

16

TAT
WO
163

onf nn
40.0 199.00 201.00

3 54
327
67

40.0 161.00 162.50 1 5 1. 00 - 172.00
40.0 162.00 163.00 153.50-172.00
39.5 155.00 156.00 1 4 3 . 0 0 164.50

231
192

40.0 126.00 123.50 11 7. 00 40.0 125.00 122.50 1 1 7. 00 -

137.50
135.00

27
25

40.0 147.00 150.00 1 3 0. 00 40.0 147.00 150.00 1 2 9. 50 -

157.50
157.50

32

39.0 124.00 127.00

58
47

40.0 162.00 162.00 1 5 3. 50 40.0 161.00 160.50 1 5 2. 00 -

18
5
18
8
10
18

40

87

18
16
37

2

53
39
14

62
50
12

117
103
14

15

48
12

84

97
91

16
10

6

100

6

78

:

i
3

7

WOMEN

NURSES, INCUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for
to these weekly hours.
2 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2,
3 W o rk er s we re distributed as follows: 3
4 W o rk er s we re distributed as follows: 3




11 0. 00 -

136.00

8
8

172.00 170.50

3

j

16

11

8

-

-

1

7

17
15

5

1

which employees receive their regula r straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
table A- 1.
at $ 2 9 0 to $
at $ 2 9 0 to $

300;
300;

9 at $
7 at $

300
300

to
to

$310;
$310;

1 3 at
11 at

$310
$310

to $
to $

320;
320;

13
10

at $ 3 2 0 to $ 3 3 0 ; 7 at $ 3 3 0 to
at $ 3 2 0 to $ 3 3 0 ; 2 at $ 3 3 0 to

$340;
$340;

4
2

at $ 3 4 0 to $
at $ 3 4 0 to $

350;
350;

and
and

1
1

at $
at $

350
350

to $
to $

360.
360.

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W omen Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is io n , S an J o s e , C a lif . , S e p te m b e r 1969)
Average
O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
0f
worker*

Weekly Weekly
hour* 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S
B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

32
45

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

437
258
179

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------N G NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

693
363
330

A --------------

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
Weekly
hour* 1 earning* 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------- —

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS

Average
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

33

$
40.0 123.00
40 .0 107.00
40.0 133.50
40 . 0 135.00
40 .0 130.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

Number

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
$
COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

SE C R E T A R I E S 2 - C O NT IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

Average
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

$
40.0 155.0C
40.0 157.00
39.5 145.50 C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CL AS S B --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------816 40.0 137.00
N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------569 40 .0 138.50
247 40 .0 134.50 COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C ---------

361
300
61

of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hour* l earnings1
(standard) (standard)

112
4C.0 17 4.5C
97 40.0 174.50
248
201
47

40.0 154.00
40.0 156.50
40.0 143.50

70

40.0 146.50

4 0 . C 103.00
40.0 106.50
40.0 98.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

1,198
881
317

40 .0 129.00 CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
40.0 130.00 BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------40.0 126.50
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

249
219

40.0 229.00
40.0 225.00

39.0 103.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

316
248
68

40.0 1C8.00 COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
40 .0 110.50 BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------40 .0 98.00
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

100
91

40.0 186.00
40.0 187.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI OR --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

721
657
64

40.0 135.00 CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
40.0 136.00 BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------40.0 126.00
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

38
31

40 .0 15 4 . CC
40.0 156.00

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

114
71
43

40.0 119.00 C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
40.0 123.50 BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------40 .0 111.00
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

84
66

40 .0 255.00
40.0 289.00

S W I T CH BO AR C OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

ICC
88

40.5
40.5

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

194
112
82

134
107

40 .0 250.00
4C.0 247.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

158
78
80

40.0
40 .0
40 .0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

175
69

40 .0 124.50
40.0 116.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G
----------------

180
143
37

40 .0 121.50
40.0 121.50
40 .0 121.00

CO MP TO ME TE R O P ER AT OR S ------------ —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

117
94

40.0 123.50
40 .0 128.00

KE YP U N C H OPERATORS, CLASS A --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
----------------

361
234
127

39.5 121.50
40 .0 122.50
39.5 120.00

KE YP U N C H OPERATORS, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

413
219
194

40.0 1C7.50
40.0 115.00
39.5 99.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NMANUF ACTUR I N G ---------------

81
47
34

S E CR ET AR IE S 2-------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG
----------------

2,475
1,828
647

SE CR ETARIES, CLASS A --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

ICO
78

89.00
96.50
81.50

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CL A S S A ---------------- --------------

93.50 C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
92.50 BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------40.0 107.50
40.0 108.50 COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
40.0 1C5.50 BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------------

31 40 .0 144.00

92.00
94.00
89.50

40.0 137.00
40.0 139.00
40.0 132.00
40.0 165.00
40.0 171.00

592
482
110

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

414
240
174

27

39.5 182.00

564
401
163

40.0 194.00
40.0 192.00
40 .0 199.00

40.0 123.00
40.0 127.50 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------39.5 1C2.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------39.5 95.150
40.0 100.00 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------39.5 89.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

411
332
79

40.0 159.50
40.0 162.00
39.0 150.50

263
210
53

39.5 125.50
40.0 126.00
38.5 124.00

D R AF TS ME N- TR AC ER S --------------------

39.5
40 .0
39.5

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

38

4 0 . C 104.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

59
48

40.0 163.00
40.0 161.50

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te l y .




11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , San J o se , C a lif., S ep te m b er 1969)
Hourly ea -nmgs 1

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

M ean2

Median 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

Middle range2

s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

i ---- * ---- i --s
T
$
$
T ---- ~ v ~ $
S ---- i
$
t
$
$
*
$
$
S
S
$
A .80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80
Under 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4. 10 4. 20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4 .60
$
and
3.10 under

3.20 3.30 3.40 3. 50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4. 00 4. 10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4 .80 5 .00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5*80 over

C A RP Ei si Tc RS , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------

92
86

$
4 .4 3
4« 44

$
4 .4 4
4 .4 4

$
4 .3 4 4 .3 9 -

$
4 .4 9
4 .4 9

E L E C T R I C I A N S , m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

283
267

4 .5 3
4 .5 2

4 .6 3
4 .6 2

4 .2 9 4 .2 9 -

4 .8 2
4 .8 0

E NG IN E E RS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

140
121

4 .4 1
4 .3 5

4 .4 5
4 .4 3

4 .0 4 3 .9 9 -

4 .7 4
4 .7 2

H E L P E R S , MA IN TE NA N CE T R A DE S ----------MA N UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------

76
76

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .1 8 3 .1 8 -

3 .5 8
3 .5 8

4
4

18
18

-

-

1
1

42
42

4
4

5
5

2
2

MACHINE-TOOL

75
75

4 .7 8
4 .7 8

4 .8 5
4 .8 5

4 .5 9 4 .5 9 -

4 .8 9
4 .8 9

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

------------------------------------------

M A C H I N I S T S , MA IN TE NA N CE ---------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

128
128

4 .4 6
4*46

4 .4 1
4 .4 1

4 .2 1 4 .2 1 -

4 .7 2
4 .7 2

PUaLIC U T IL IT IE S3------------

277
172
1C 5
79

4
4
4
4

2
4
5
5

4 .4 4
4 .3 0
4 .6 6
4 .6 5

4
4
3
3

4
4
4
4

M E C H A N I C S , M AI NT ENA NCE ------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

639
636

4 .1 5
4 . 15

4 . 15
4 .1 5

3 .9 6 3 .9 6 -

4 .3 3
4 .3 2

-

60
60

3 . 53
3 . 53

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 .2 8 3 .2 8 -

3 .7 1
3 .7 1

-

-----------------------------------------

P A I N T E k S , MA IN TE NA N CE --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

43
42

4 .3 7
4 .3 6

4 .2 9
4 .2 9

4 .2 4 4 .2 3 -

4 .6 2
4 .6 1

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

289
285

5 .2 9
5 .2 9

5 .3 5
5 .3 5

5 .1 1 5 .1 1 -

5 .5 2
5 .5 2

STA TIONA RY

----------------------------

UPERA TUR S,

M AN UF ACT URI NG

TOGLRUOM

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ----------------------------------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G ----------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

O IL E R S

---------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------

M AN UF ACT URI NG

.4
.4
.3
.3

.0
.0
.9
.9

5
9
8
5

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2 , t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .




.8
.8
.8
.8

3
4
3
2

~

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

4

5
5
4
4

6
6

2
2

8
5

3
3

51
48

5
5

5
5

26
26

5
5

5
5

27
27

21
21

27
27

5
5

80
80

54
54

6
6

13
13

1
~

3
1

28
28

5
4

42
36

9

_

_

_

1
1

17
17

1
1

-

i
i

5
5

33
33

-

_

25
13

-

-

_

-

-

“
-

-

-

43
43

13
13

-

-

_

-

*

“

8
8
_

_

23
23

19
19

12
12

20
20

4
4

20
20

15
15

5
5

2
2

-

“
37
25
12
4

11
11
-

31
31
-

5
5
-

9
9
-

10
6
4
-

31
10
21
21

70
32
38
24

22
22

_
-

_

_

-

-

43
43

75
72

12
12

29
29

12
12

-

-

_

3
3

4
4

10
10

1
1

1
“

“

-

-

8
8

50
50

30
30

77
77

69
69

25
25

-

_

_

h o lid a y s ,

_

_

_

-

10
10

-

-

*

~

41
21
20
20

17
17

213
213

22
22

89
89

104
104

3
3

-

20
20

_

_

-

_

-

15
15

-

and

_

1
1

-

10

-

-

_

-

la t e

5
5

5
5

_

-

-

s h if t s ,

-

_

“

4
4

9
9

17
17

12
12

“
-

-

16
16

_

_

-

-

_

8
8

“
22
22

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verag e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , San J o s e , C alif. , S ep te m b er 1969)
Hourly earnings 2

O ccupation1 and in d u stry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b er of w o rk e rs rece iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s of$------*--- $----- i ---- J-----1----- i -----i-----i-----i-----1-----T
T
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70

M ean3

M edian3

Middle range3

»

*

2. 80

3.00

* «

*

S

i

3.20

i

5
------5
------ i -----

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

and
u n d er
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3 »°°__ 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4 . BO 5.00

GU ARCS AND WATCHMEN -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — ------------- -

1,009
350
659

$
2.42
3.46
1.87

$
2.07
3.72
1.78

$
1.733.181.68-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------- -----

1,637
849
788

2.89
3.01
2.76

2.79
2.98
2.76

JANITORS, PCRTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- —

131
43
88

2.52
2.62
2.47

LABORERS, MATE RI AL H A ND LI NG -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- -----N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — ---------------

383
262
121

ORDER FI LL ER S -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------- ---

$
3.29
3.77
2.05

215
215

140
140

I ll

2.72- 3.03
2.72- 3.40
2.72- 2.80

_
-

-

-

2.71
2.72
2.71

2.16- 2.80
2.45- 2.83
2.14- 2.79

_

3.27
3.29
3.24

3.23
3.22
3.26

2.84- 3.85
2.84- 3.84
2.47- 3.94

-

258
184

3.23
3.21

3.07
3.00

2.86- 3.63
2.85- 3.64

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

114
60

3.01
2.97

3.02
2.98

2.92- 3.20
2. 67 - 3.15

R E CE IV IN G C L E R K S --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

193
66

3.42
3.38

3.60
3.39

3.13- 3.67
3.10- 3.58

SH IPPING CL ERKS ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ —

95
64

3.51
3.44

3.56
3.61

3.25- 3.69
3.09- 3.69

SHIPPING AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS ----M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

116
105

3.45
3.38

3.44
3.41

3.09- 3.83
3.07- 3.75

TR UC KD RI VE RS4 ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------

1,236
542
694
568

4.26
4.37
4.18
4.26

4.31
4.52
4.29
4.30

4. 10 4. 21 4.084.11-

4.52
4.75
4.36
4.35

“

-

TR UCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T O N S ) -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------- ------

92
41

3.14
3.23

3.43
3.29

2.58- 3.57
2.50- 3.78

_

_

TR UCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM C 1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------

284

4.38

4.50

4.33- 4.55

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) --------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ---------- ---- -

425
183

4.17
4.21

4.21
4.24

640
628

3.44
3.43

3.50
3.47

3.20- 3.63
3.19- 3.63

1
2
3
4
5

44
44

95

4
~

-

-

4
4

3
2
1

5
1
4

“

37
7
30

2
2
~

7
3
4

15
8
7

95

1

5
5

32
32

1

24
13
11

4C
34
6

43
19
24

6
6

2C 9
209

24
24

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

67
83
4

215
212
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

13
12
1

_

3
3

_

1
1

-

_
-

3
3

132
88
44

607
93
514

340
163
177

125
1C 7
18

4
4
“

5
5
“

3
1
2

41
13
28

28
11
17

2

~

13
13

8
3
5

11
9
2

2
2

5
5

60
57
3

50
31
19

22
9
13

35
27
8

-

90
66
24

109
89

13
13

8

25
3

88
76

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

16
16

2
2

29
11

35
17

20
2

2
2

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

7

8
8

37
18

3
8

23
17

84
3

2
-

12
12

2
2

”

2
2

16
16

8
8

24
2

22
22

8
4

12
7

3
3

-

_

6
6

92
82
10

12

_

-

26
17
9

11
3

-

7
7

8
8

19
19

13
13

24
24

1C
10

17
17

15
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

i
i
-

13
4

22
IB
4
4

38
11
27

22
22

217
59
158
149

532
123
409
384

164
122
42
~

54
54
-

116
116

~

31
1
30
30

10
1

9
9

34
7

3
3

1
1

8
8

“

3

7

2

7

-

13

104

163
47

203
107

_

_
“

1
1

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

"

"

_

_

_

10
10
-

-

“

“

-

~

"

D ata lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs except w h ere o th e rw ise in d icated .
E xcludes p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid ay s, and la te s h ifts.
F o r definition of te r m s , s e e footnote 2, ta b le A - l.
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s , a s defined, r e g a r d le s s of size and type of tru c k o p e ra te d .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .




8
4
4

-

4.05- 4.26
4.08- 4.28

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

8
8

4

I ll

'
8

10
10

_

_

7
7
1

7

2

9

'
1
1

i
i

1
1

161
lfcl

137
136

126
126

6
6

195
195

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

44
24
20

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

148

-

-

_

4

13
B.

Establishment

Table

B-l.

Practices

M i n i m u m

and

Supplementary

W a g e

E n t r a n c e Salaries for W o m e n

Provisions

Office W o r k e r s

(D is tr ib u tio n of e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d in a ll i n d u s tr i e s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s , S an J o s e , C a lif ., S e p te m b e r 1969)
I n e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w eek ly s tr a i g h t- ti m e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of---

A ll
in d u s tr i e s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d i e d -------------------------

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w eek ly h o u r s 3 of—
40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

--------------------

142

63

XXX

79

XX X

142

63

XXX

79

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g a s p e c ifie d m i n i m u m ______________

56

32

30

24

19

65

35

33

30

24

$ 72.50 and u n d e r $ 75.00 ____________ _________________
$ 75.00 and u n d e r $ 77.50 _______________________________
$ 77.50 and u n d e r $ 80.00 ------------------------------------------------$ 8 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 _______________________________
$ 8 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 _______________ ______________
$ 8 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 --------------- -----------------------------$ 87.50 an d u n d e r $ 90.00 _______________________ _______
------------------------------$ 9 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0 -----------$ 92.50 and u n d e r $ 95.00 _______________________________
$ 95.00 and u n d e r $ 97.50 ------------------------------------------------$ 97.50 and u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 _______________________________
$ 100.00 and u n d e r $ 102.50 --------------------------------------------$ 102.50 and u n d e r $ 105.00 _____________________________
$ 105.00 and o v e r ------------------------------- ---------------------------

1
5
1
12
3
7
8
6
1

3
-

1
2
1
4
2

_
2
1
4
1

1
3
1
9
-

1
3
1
9
-

4
4
6
2

2
2
6
2

3

3
3
1

5
7
1
15
2
7
8
5
-

3

3
3
4

4
3

4
2

1
1
-

1
-

2

1

_
3
8
1

4
3

4
2

5
1

5
-

8

5
1
-

4

3

3

1

-

-

-

-

3
2
3

2

2

1

1
1

1
1

1

1
1

2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m --------------------

10

3

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y -----------------------------------------------------------

76

28

XXX

4

5
4

-

3

3

1

1

1

4
2

2

2

1

1

1

2

4

2

2

2

2
1
2

7

XXX

22

9

XXX

13

XXX

48

XXX

55

19

XX X

36

XXX

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r t in g (h irin g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s .
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g i r l .
3 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .




-




T ab le B-2.

Shift D ifferen tials

(Late-shift p a y provisions for ma nu fa ct ur in g plant w o r k e r s b y type an d a m o u n t of p a y differential,
Sa n Jose, Calif., S e p t e m b e r 1969)
(All plant w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r ing s 100 percent)
P e rc en t of manufa ct ur in g plant w o r k e r s —

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
f o r la te s h if ts

L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n

S e c o n d s h if t

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

___

95. 2
1. 1

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o rk o n la te s h i f t _________

94. 2

U n ifo rm c e n ts ( p e r h o u r ) _________________

4 5 .4

3 1 .9

5 c e n ts
8 o r 9 V2 c e n t s .. ____ ._ ________ . .
10 c e n t s . . _„__ _____ _____
. . _.
1 1 c e n ts , _...
_
12 r e n t s . . .
.
I 2 V2 o r 14 c e n ts
„
15 c e n ts ___________________ _____________
16 c e n ts ____ _ _______ ______
18 c e n t s . . ____ ___________ ________ __
I 9 V2 o r 20 c e n ts _______________________
23 c e n ts _„______________ _______________
26 o r 30 c e n t s . _ ____ ____ _____
32 c e n t s . .
__ .
_ . _____
3 5 o r 39 c e n ts ______ . . . .
___ . .
40 c e n t s . . _____ ______ _____________ ____

2. 4
2. 0
1 7 .0
1 .0
3. 0
.6
5. 6
8. 3
.4
2. 8
1. 3
1. 1
-

2. 4
6. 7
2. 3
5. 9
1 .0
3. 0
.7
1 .9
.8
3 .6
3. 7

47. 5

T o ta l__ _________

. ____

_______

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o rk on la te s h if t

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on la te s h if ts
S eco n d s h ift

1

T h i r d o r o th e r
s h if t

20.5

5. 3

1.1

0.2

0. 2

91.0

20.3

5. 2

n .o

1 .7

92.1

T y p e an d a m o u n t o f d if f e r e n tia l:

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ______________________
5 p e rc e n t
____ _______
.
6 p e rc e n t
___________ ________
7V2 p e r c e n t ____________ ___ ____ ____ __
8 p e r c e n t ^ . ____________________ ._______
10 p e r c e n t __ _______ ____ __ ____
12 p e r c e n t _________ ____ _..____ __ _____
I 2 V2 p e r c e n t ___________________________
15 p e r c e n t ______________ _______ _____

6.
2.
.
13.
25.

3
1
2
1
8

-

-

F u ll d a y 1 s p a y fo r re d u c e d h o u r s , p lu s
c e n ts d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------- ---------- — ---------

.7
.5

_

-

.2
(2 )
.8
.2
. 1
.2
(2 )
. 1
-

39. 1

8. 9

1.8

-

1. 5
.5
3. 5
3. 4

_
-

12. 1
5. 6
4. 6
16. 8

2.9
.2
1.2

. 1
2.3

2.6
. 1
.3
. 1
.2

-

-

1.1
.5
. 1
. 1

. 5

9. 3

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r re d u c e d h o u r s , p lu s
p e r c e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________

-

8. 4

~

. i

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l - _________

1. 3

2 .4

.4

.

1 Includes all plant w o r k e r s in establishments currently operating,
e v e n though the establishments w e r e not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 percent.

4

or having f o r m a l provisions covering late shifts,

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S a n J o s e , C a l i f ., S e p t e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o rk e rs

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

i .11 w o r k e r s

___ _

. . .

U n d e r 35 h o u r s
35 h o u r s
_______
. . . . .
3 7 V2 h o u r s ______________________ ____ ________ __ _
38Vz h o u r s __ ___ —
O v e r 38*/2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s .
4 0 h o u r s ______________________________________ _
48 h o u r s
.
.
_

100

1
2
1
(5 )
96
(5 )

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

100

3
(5 )
96
(5)

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

-

100

(5 )
5
2
2
90

-

2
_
98

1 S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e t h e w e e k l y h o u r s w h i c h a m a j o r i t y o f t h e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




-

100

16

T able B - 4 . Paid H olidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l l y , S a n J o s e , C a l i f ., S e p t e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_

____ __

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

99

99

100

2

1

-

(4 )

(4 )

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

N u m b e r of d a y s
L e s s t h a n 6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s
7 h o l id a y s
7 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s
8 h o l id a y s
8 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y
8 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s
9 h o lid a y s
. .. .
.
9 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
10 h o l i d a y s —__________________________________ _____
10 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y
11 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________ ___ —
12 h o l id a y s
_
_
_
_ -

5
1
1
7
1
31
1
7
27
(4 )
17

-

-

1
1
32
1
12
29
23
-

1
-

-

1
1
17
18
52
53
84
84
92
92
93
97
98

23
23
64
65
98
98
99
99
99
99
99

12
74
6
4
-

4

-

-

(4 )
4
2
30
2
5
30
(4 )
21
1
3
(4 )

3
2
17
3
9
32
34

1

-

93
3
2
2
-

(4 )
3
4
26
26
61
63
93
95
98
98
99
99
99

_
34
34
75
78
95
97
99
99
99
99
99

2
2
2
4
6
6
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

0

-

-

-

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
12 d a y s
11 d a y s o r m o r e
I 0 V2 d a y s o r m o r e
10 d a y s o r m o r e
- - _ —
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________ __
9 d ay s o r m o re
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e
_
_
8 d ay s o r m o re
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________ _ — _____ — —____
7 d ay s o r m o re
_
_____
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e
_ ___
6 d ay s o r m o re
. . .
2 d ay s o r m o re
1 d ?y o r m o re

-

4
4
7
7
14
14
88
88
100
100
100
100
100

_

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll c o m b in a tio n s of f u ll a n d h a lf d a y s t h a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g a t o ta l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 f u ll d a y s
a n d n o h a l f d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s t h e n w e r e c u m u l a te d .




17

T able B-5. Paid V acations1
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p ay
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a ti o n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s -

__ —

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

— __

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

M a n u f a c tu r in g

100

100

100

100

100

99
92
7

100
97
3
-

99
99
1
-

99
99

100
100
_

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s - _
_
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _____ _______
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___ _____ — ___ ______
O t h e r _____________________________________________
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s _
— _____ __ __ _ ______

99
92
7
(5)

-

_

1

1

-

(5)

( 5)

3
38
3
-

2
45
5
-

55
_
-

1
54
5
2

1
45
7
-

3
42
3
46
4

5
38
4
46
6

89
_
4
7

( 5)
16
(5)
80
4

5
_
89
6

3
15
3
74
5
(5)

5
16
5
67
6
-

7
85
7
( 5)

1
_
92
4
2

1
_
93
6
(5)

9
4
74
7
5

10
6
68
10
5

86

1
_
88
5
6

87
7
5

7
4
74
7
7

7
6
70
10
6

86

-

A m ount of v a c a tio n pay 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w e e k - __ _____
_
__
O v e r 1 and u n d e r Z w e e k s
Z w e e k s . - __ -

___
_

67
-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e
___
_
____
__
U nder 1 w eek
__________
______
_
1 w e e k _____ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s _______ _
__
Z w eeks—
—
_
O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____
__

_ __
____

91
9

A fte r Z y e a r s of s e rv ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k - ______ _ __
_
— _____
1 w e e k ____
__ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ____ __
_ _ _
Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s - ____ _ - - ______

( 5)
97
2

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek- _
- - - - O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ________________________
Z w e e k s _______
__
__
____
O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___
___ _ __
3 w e e k s ____. . .
. .

3

_

11

1
_

_
95
5

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek.
. -----. .
O v e r 1 and u n d e r Z w e e k s —
____
Z w eeks—
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — ______ 3 w eek s-_ _
_
_
_ _

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




. . .

3

_

11

1
_
88
5
7

_
87
7
6

95
5

18

Table B*5.

Paid V a ca tio n s1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u tio n of p la n t a n d o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in i n d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t i o n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

.
_
74
7
18
1
( 5)

.
_
2
_
88
3
5
1

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t in u e d

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____
__
__ __ ____
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
- _ ____ . .
2 w eeks.
_
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
_ _ _
3 w eeks _ _
__
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eeks
_

5
(5)
61
7
24
1
-

5
67
9
18
1
-

_
3
86
11
-

1
78
5
15
1
(5)

2
3
4
4
76
4
5
i

_
5
3
6
72
6
5
1

_
3
86
11
-

1
6
_
87
2
4
1

2
3
2
4
78
1
8
1

5
1
6
75
2
9
1

_
95
5
_
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks
_
____ ___________ —____
3 w e e k s ___________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
____ _
_
_
_
_
4 w eeks_
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------------

_
( 5)
95
5

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
O ver 1 and u n d er
2 w eeks
_
O v e r 2 and u n d e r
3 w eeks
_
O v er 3 and u n d e r
4 w eeks —
_ _
O v e r 4 and u n d e r

2 w eeks
_
3 w e e k s - __
__
____
_
__
4 w e e k s ________________________
_
5 w e e k s ___
_

_

_
3
86
11
-

1
_
5
_
88
1
4
1

_
(5)

( 5)

90
2
6
1

95
5
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k _______________________________________________
___
- __ .
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
_ O v e r 2 a n d n n H a r 3 w p p Its
3 w eeks
- _
_ _
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______ _
4 w e e k s ____________________________ ________________
O v er 5 and u n d e r 6 w eeks
1

_

2
3
2
(5)
60
1
29
1

5
1
69
2
21
1

2
5
(5)
20
1
66
4
1

5
25
2
64
i
i

_
3
_
31
66
-

1
_
1
_
64
i
33
1

_

_

(5)

(5)

56
1
41
1

70
-

1
1
_
25
1
71
1
1

( 5)

( 5)

15
1
81
1
1

94

30

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
_
_
2 w eeks
O v er 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks
3 w eeks O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eeks
_ _ ___
5 w eeks
O v er 5 and u n d e r 6 w eeks

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




_

_
3
_
12
-

85
_

6

19

Table B-5.

Paid V a ca tio n s1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 1969)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a ti o n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ----------------- ----------- ----------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — --------------- _ ---------------------3 w e e k s _ --------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______ — —
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________ _
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------- — ------ — —
5 w e e k s __
_
—
----------------- _
_
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e ek s
_
_
—

2
5
(5)
14
1
61
15
1

5
17
2
64
9
1

3
9
33
55
-

i
i
14
1
66
(5 )
15
1

-

-

( 5)
12
1
75
10
1

(5)
4
30
65
-

2
5
( 5)
14
1
61
15
1

_
5
17
2
64
9
1

_
3
9
33
55
-

1
1
11
1
70
16
1

_

-

(5 )
12
1
75
10
1

(5)
4
30
65
-

_
3
9

1
1

_

_

( 5)

(5)

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_ _ —
- - 2 w e e k s ___ ____________________ __ ________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----- —
—
— —
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _ _________ __
______ —
----------5 w e e k s ________________________________________ ____
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ___________ _ _ __ —
M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e
1 w eek- _
2 w eeks
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w ee k s
_ _
4 w eeks _
_
— _
_____
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 5 and u n d e r 6 w ee k s _
6 w e e k s _ ____ — _
___ ____
7 w eeks — _
_
_
_
— _ __ ___

2
5
(5)
14
1
57
18
1
1

_
5
17
2
58
15
1
-

-

33
55
-

-

11
1
67
18
1
(5)
(5)

12
1
71
14
1
-

4
-

30
65
-

1
I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s t o w o r k e r s
w ith q u a li f y in g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s i n t h e s t e e l , a lu m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y an d do n o t n e c e s s a r il y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s i n p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s i n p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o rtio n e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




20

T able B-6.

H ealth, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , S a n J o s e , C a l i f ., S e p t e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e of b e n e fit and
f in a n c in g 1

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

L ife in s u r a n c e
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in su ra n c e —
__ _
N o n r r m trih n to ry p la n s
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5---------------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s
S i c k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) _
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ____________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s „
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e
_
. _
N o n c o n trib u to ry p l a n s .
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n — .
- _
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g a t
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w — ________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

99

99

100

98
76

98
90

100
32

99
68

99
83

98
23

80
64

79
72

86
31

79
51

79
64

80
15

85

87

85

95

98

96

33
19

29
16

69
69

45
20

36
9

77
77

41

46

14

82

96

28

34

29

72

10

2

67

97
81
98
81
97
79
88
70
88
74

97
86
99
86
99
86
87
71
90
80

100
24
100
24
100
24
97
78
95
81

99
66
99
66
96
65
99
69
92
71

99
80
99
80
99
80
99
75
94
75

100
15
100
15
100
15
99
82
91
73

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f t h e c o s t i s b o r n e b y t h e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f in a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
t h e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y t h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n i n d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21

Table B-7.

Method o f W age Determination and Frequency o f Payment

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n of p la n t a n d o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m e th o d of w a g e d e te r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

96
90
49
41

98
91
46
46

100
100
38
62

100
84

100
86
2
84

100
94
14
81

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a i d t i m e r a t e s ---------------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ------------------------- -------------S in g le r a t e --------------------------------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s -------------------------------------------P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a u to m a tic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e --------------------------------P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on m e r it
r e v i e w -------------------------------------------------P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a
c o m b i n a t i o n o f l e n g t h of
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w ----------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ------------------------------------P a i d b y i n c e n t i v e m e t h o d s ---------------------------------P i e c e r a t e -------------------------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l ----------------------------------------------------G r o u p ----------------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s --------------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l __________________________________
G r o u p ----------------------------------------------------------C o m m i s s i o n ------------------------------------------------------

3

81

15

18

55

25

28

76

16

19

-

45

49

-

9

9
7
2
1
1
-

12
16
-

7
14
-

5
6
-

4
1
1
(’ )
( 5)

( 5)

7
-

3

“

“

79
15
5
1

91
7
2

14
74
12

7

M e th o d o f d e t e r m i n i n g i n c e n t i v e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n c y of w age p ay m en t
W e e k l y _____________________________________________
B i w e e k l y ----------------------------------------------------------------S e m i m o n t h l y ---------------------------------------------------------M o n th l y ------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r f r e q u e n c y -----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

50
19
23
8

F o r a d e s c r i p ti o n of th e m e th o d s of w ag e d e te r m in a tio n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




67
9
17
7

show n s e p a r a te ly .

5
85
10




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n te n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h i s e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n te n t , t h e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F FIC E
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i ll s , a n d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e of m a c h i n e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h i n e (M o o n H o p k i n s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a ti o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p i n g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly in v o lv e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f t h e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o f te n d o n e on a f a n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( S u n d s tr a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o lv e s tjhe s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y of f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
a n d s ta n d a r d ty p e s of s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of th e w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B. K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s ( n o t i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a tio n of t r i a l b a la n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e ts fo r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ility fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to o n e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o lv e s p o s ti n g a n d b a la n c i n g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m i n in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s j u d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k i n g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o re ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e ra tio n s su c h
a s p o s ti n g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s ti n g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s ti n g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h i s jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d i n o f f i c e s i n w h ic h t h e m o r e r o u t i n e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d iv i d e d o n a f u n c t i o n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




23

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f il e s , c la s s if i e s and in d e x e s file
m e n ts , e tc . M ay a ls o f ile th is
w ith t h e f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta i n in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te ria l su ch a s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a ll g ro u p of lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , a n d f il e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te ria l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f il in g of m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g ., a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f ile s a n d f o rw a rd s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ire d to m a in ta in an d s e rv ic e f ile s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e rs o n a lly .
D u t i e s i n v o lv e a n y c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g t h e i t e m s to m a k e u p t h e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t i e s of i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g of c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e of o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PA Y RO LL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s in v o lv e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s ti n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c ti o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g u p a n d d is tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t of s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , i n w h ic h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h i n e i s i n c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPU NCH O PER A TO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a ti o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a rio u s s o u rc e d o c u m e n ts to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t , in a d d i t i o n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n of c o d in g
s k il ls a n d th e m a k in g of s o m e d e te r m in a tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a te s on th e s o u rc e d o c u m e n t
t h e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s i n f o r m a t i o n o n th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m i n e i n f o r m a t i o n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a to r s .

24
S E C R E T A R Y ---- C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . M ay v e r if y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t i o n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d iv i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f te n in v o lv i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E BOY O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

b . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d iv i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d iv i d u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h i g h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tl y r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s t h e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c le r ic a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s
.N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s t h a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i ti o n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
t h e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u ll y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s : (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e t h a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e d e f i n i ti o n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s n o t
i n a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y o n i n d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g ., a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g t h e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A
a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r t h a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

th e c o r p o r a te o f fic e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B
a ll,

a . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r t h a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f fic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , i n a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w t h e o f f i c e r l e v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t i o n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g ., m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e tc . ) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g ., a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th em 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a l e n t
to o n e of th e s p e c if ic le v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , h u t w h o s e s u b o rd in a te s ta f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s .a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v id e d i n to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f te n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv i d e d . I n s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l i n c l u d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; i n o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o ; o r

C la s s D
a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d of a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l u n it ( e .g ., fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ;
b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s ta n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n co p y . M ay m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly
r o u tin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h i c p o o l. D o e s n o t in c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk . (S ee t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
su c h a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M ay a ls o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n if ic a n tly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y t h a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y t h e f o llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h i g h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d of th e s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h i s k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a i n t a i n i n g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u ti n g in c o m i n g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d li n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r i n a d d it i o n to
d o in g r o u t i n e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u ll" te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s ta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d li n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim ite d te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im ite d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a ll s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a to r .)

25
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

I n a d d it i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r 's t i m e w h i l e at
s w itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s im p le t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e s p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k
u n i t , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r ie ty of ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
i n c l u d i n g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s t h e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a rid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w i t h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d i f f ic u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p l e te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h o f te n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s io n of th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g ro u p of ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o re d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it i o n to t h e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h i s w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c l u d e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u l a t i o n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e te b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t i n g s tu d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s an d s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly of a r e c u r r in g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u re s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c l u d e t h e t r a i n i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c
o p e ra tio n of th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t i n c l u d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s of v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y i n c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e i n d u p l ic a ti n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h e n it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , of t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p l a n n i n g l a y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y ty p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g ; C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t i n e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L

CO M PU TER O PERA TO R

CO M PU TER PR O G R A M ER ,

M o n ito rs a n d o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le of a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o rd in g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s ( ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t i n to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p ro g ra m .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o lv e t h e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a t a
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s t h e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d i n to t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f d a t a t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g ic e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f t h e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a i l e d flo w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r i n w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e t o f o llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e ra to rs

a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w i t h m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e of c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o t h a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f te n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w le d g e o f t h e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d ir e c tio n a n d g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w i t h m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p ro d u c tio n r u n s , ty p ic a lly ru n on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is little o r no te s tin g
of n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w i t h i n a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n . T h i s u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n of
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n tif ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p ro g ra m e rs a re

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t i f y t h e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f t h e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s t h e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
i n a c h ie v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w i t h t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A. M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tl y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g
d e ta ile d i n s tr u c tio n s a n d w ith f re q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r f o r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s o n r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f t h e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g i n c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h i s r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t of
l in k a g e p o i n t s b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , a n d s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n ts
to f o r m a h i g h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

26
CO M PUTER PROGRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

C O M PU T E R SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r o n s im p le s e g m e n ts of c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p ti n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d it i o n s to o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m i n p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o t h a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u ti n e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r s u p e rv is o r.
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y i n d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
f o r m in g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ire c tio n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U S IN E S S

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s t o f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s i n s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h i s in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a i n m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o es n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n of
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n tif ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e

d ire c tio n

C la s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g o u t a n a ly s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
of a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c if ic a tio n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e lo p e d b y t h e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

to l o w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s w h o a r e

C l a s s A . P l a n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s th a t d iff e r s ig n if ic a n tly f ro m e s ta b lis h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e ffe c t of e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e ta ils of f o r m , f u n c tio n , a n d p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s ta n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a ti o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f ts m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u ti n e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t h a t r e q u i r e t h e a p p l i ­
c a t i o n o f m o s t o f t h e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s ;
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i ld i n g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a ti o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s in g l e u n i t s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e tr i c p r o je c tio n s
( d e p i c ti n g t h r e e d i m i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g of
c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f ro m a n u m b e r of s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w i t h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h e n a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
i n v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f i n p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h t h e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e f o llo w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w i t h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n
t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s of n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re c o m ­
m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l of m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r c h a n g e s a n d fo r
o b t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a s s is t.

OR
W o rk s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i n e m e n t w ith t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

D R A FTSM A N

C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s of p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s a n d c o n c e p ts u s u a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in t h e
a p p lic a tio n of s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o n new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ire d p ro c e d u re s .

C O M PU T E R SY STEM S A N A L Y ST,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

m a i n t a i n i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w i t h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e
t h e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p li e d .

a s sig n e d

to

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s t h a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p l a n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d
c o m p l e x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f i n p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s i n a b a n k ,

C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s a n d tr a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r im a r i ly
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n .)
and/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U RSE,

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e rv is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t on t h e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o lv e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g ; G iv in g f i r s t a id
to t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n i n g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv i n g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p l a n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c ti n g t h e h e a l t h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CA RPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n i n g o o d r e p a i r b u i ld i n g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n in g
a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a v a r i e t y




CA RPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d to o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g
s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s of w o rk ; a n d s e le c tin g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r t h e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .

27
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty of e le c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a ti n g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g t o l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s tin g i n s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e e le c t r i c ia n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

t h e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h ic l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s ,
a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k of th e a u to m o t iv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a i n t a i n s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e t h e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a ti o n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk i n v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu r b i n e s , v e n tila tin g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k i n g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t i n r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in t h e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w i t h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
to o ls ; a n d p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k t h e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n ­
f in e d to s u p p ly i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e t h a t a r e
a ls o p e rf o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in t h e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f ic u l t m a c h i n in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h i g h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u tt i n g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , i n t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n i n g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h i n in g ; k n o w le d g e o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f t h e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in i n g a u to m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t i n v o lv e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o l s a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g r in d i n g a n d a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l i n g




M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e of t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y in v o lv e t h e u s e
o f h a n d to o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n of a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f t h e
m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r t h e p r o d u c t i o n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k i n g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts fo r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t i e s i n v o lv e s e t t i n g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p l a n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t of t h e f o l ­
l o w i n g : P l a n n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n i n g a n d b a la n c i n g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
I n g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w i t h o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g

s u rfa c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n ­
v o l v e s t h e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u tty o r f i l l e r
i n n a i l h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w i t h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h i t e l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s of p ip e a n d p i p e f i tt in g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t of t h e f o ll o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt i n g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t l e n g t h s w i t h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w i t h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w i t h c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g
t o p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r
f in i s h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u i ld in g s a n i t a ­
t i o n o r h e a ti n g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s t h e p l u m b in g s y s t e m of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk i n v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n of v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p l u m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n ti l a t o r s , c h u te s , d u c ts ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n in g a n d l a y in g
o u t a ll ty p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f ro m b l u e p r in ts , m o d e ls , ox o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ;
s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

28
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E ----C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R ----C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o l s in c u tt i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s , jig s , f ix tu re s o r d ie s fo r f o rg in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n in g a n d
l a y i n g o u t of w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d i n g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h i n e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it ti n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in

t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

GUARD AND W ATCHM A N
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d ille g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR CLEAN ER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i n c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts of m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e of s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a ti o n , a n d r a t e ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f t h e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s of l a d i n g , p o s ti n g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p i n g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o rta g e s a n d r e je c tin g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u ti n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a i n t a i n in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

(S w e e p e r; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s of a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s ti n g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a re h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n l o a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

R e c e iv i n g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u f a c tu r i n g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w i t h o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e of e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i ty .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e s to c k m a n )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d i n d ic a ti n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a tio n of s iz e s l is te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l ig h t ( u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (IV 2 to a n d in c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PA CK ER,

w o rk ers a re

PO W ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n i t s t o b e p a c k e d , t h e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t i f y i n g
d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a te s a
tra n s p o rt goods and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a ,re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k li f t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo rk lift)

Area W age Surveys
A l i s t of t h e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e
r e q u e s t of th e W a g e a n d H o u r an d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D iv i s i o n s of th e D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
th e in sid e fro n t c o v e r.

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 196 9 1 __________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 19 6 9 1__________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 19 6 9 ________________________
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____
B
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
B e a u m o n t - P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_____
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 196 9 1___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 ______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 19 6 9 ___________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ______________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 _________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , M a r . 1969 1 _________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , I o w a —111.,
R
M
O c t . 19 69 1__________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1______________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 19 6 9 1 ___________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _____________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 19 6 9 __________
H
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 _____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 196 9 1_________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969 _________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------------------M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _________________


D a ta o n e s ta b lis h m e n t


B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50
40
30
30
30
35
25
35
35

p r a c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s a re a lso p re s e n te d .

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea
M u s k e g o r t — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 19 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1969 _____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 19 6 9 1 ___________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
N o rfo lk r-P o rtsm o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 1_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 __________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1969 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 19 6 9 1 --------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffice o c c u p a tio n s only),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 19 6 9 __________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 19 6 9 1__________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 19 6 9 1 ___________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c c r - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 ______________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 19 6 9 1______________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 __________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S p o k an e, W a sh ., Ju n e
1 9 6 9 ____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y .,
Ju ly
1 9 6 9 _____________________________
T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 19 69 1_______________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 19 6 9 1_________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------U t i c a ^ R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 __________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
W a te r lo o , Iow a,
Nov.
1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________
W ich ita, K a n s.,
Dec.
1 9 6 8 ____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ___________________
W

B ulletin n u m b er
and p ric e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
OF F I C I A L




20212

BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

I
----------------------------------- 1

I F IR S T CLASS M A IL I

I________________________________________ l


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102