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z

.3

:
San Jose, California,
Metropolitan Area
March 1978

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025- 9
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




, 0 ^'

Preface
This bulletin provides re sults of a M a rc h 1978 sur vey of o ccu p a­
tional earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the San Jose, C aliforn ia,
Standard Metropolitan Statistical A r e a .
The survey w as made as part of
the B ureau of L a b o r Statistics' annual area w age survey p ro g r a m .
It was
conducted by the B u r e a u 's regional office in San F r a n c is c o , Calif., under
the gen eral direction of Milton Keenan, A ssista nt Regional C om m is sio n er
for Operations.
The survey could not have been accomplished without the
cooperation of the many f i r m s whose wage and sa la ry data provided the




basis for the statistical information in this bulletin.
The B u r e a u
to ex pre ss sincere appreciation fo r the cooperation re ceived.

w is he s

M aterial in this publication is in the public domain and m ay be
reproduced without p erm iss io n of the F e d e r a l Government.
P l e a s e credit
the Bureau of L a b o r Statistics and cite the name and nu mber of this
publication.

Area
Wage
Survey

San Jose, California,
Metropolitan Area
March 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

June 1978
Bulletin 2025-9




I n t r o d u c t i o n _______________________________________________

2

T a b l e s --- Continued
E a rn in gs,

A.

E a r n in g s , all e s t a b lis h m e n t s ;
A -l.
W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . . 3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ________________
5
A - 3 , A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te c h n i c a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___________ 7
A - 4 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a in t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s _________________________________
8
A - 5. H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s __ 9
A - 6.
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ____________ 10
A-l. P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s , adjusted f o r
e m p l o y m e n t s h if ts , f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ___________________ 11
E a r n in g s , l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s :
A-8.
W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___12
A - 9. W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ________________ 14
A - 10. A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te c h n i c a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ____________ 16
A - 11. H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a in t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
17
w o r k e r s _____________________

l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ---

Continued
A - 12. H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s to dia l
w o r k e r s ________________________________ 18
A - 13. A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a rn in gs of
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x __________ 19

T ables:

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
supplem entary w a g e p rovisions;
B -l.
M inim um entrance salaries for
i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty p is ts and c l e r k s ___ 20
B-2.
L a t e - s h ift pay p rovisions for
f u l l - t i m e m a n u fa c t u rin g
p r o d u c t io n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ____ 21
B -3.
Sch eduled w e e k l y hours and days of
f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - shift w o r k e r s ________ 22
B-4.
Annual paid h o lid a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 23
B -5.
P a i d v a c a tio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________________ 24
B-6.
Healt h , in s u ra n c e , and p en sion
plan s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _________ 27
B -7.
L i f e in s u ra n c e plans, f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________________ 28

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B .

Sco pe and m e th o d o f s u r v e y ___________31
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________ 36

Introduction
This a r e a is 1 of 75 in which the U.S. Depar tm ent of L a b o r ' s B u ­
reau of L a b o r Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and r e ­
lated benefits.
(See lis t of a r e a s on inside back c o v e r .)
In each area,
occupational earnings data ( A - s e r i e s ta b les ) a r e co llected annually.
In fo r­
mation on es tablishment practic es and supplem en tary wage benefits ( B s e rie s ta b le s ) is obtained e v ery third year.
E ach y e a r after all individual a r e a Wage sur veys have been c o m ­
pleted, two s u m m a r y bulletins a r e issued.
The fi r s t brings together data
fo r each metropolitan a r e a surveyed; the second presents national and r e ­
gional es ti m ate s, projected fr o m individual metropolitan a r e a data, fo r all
Standard Metropolitan Statistical A r e a s in the United States, excluding A la ska
and Haw aii.

Table A - 7 provides percent changes in a v e r a g e hourly earnings of
office c lerical w o r k e r s , electronic data p ro c e s s in g w o r k e r s , industrial
nu rses, skilled maintenance tr ades w o r k e r s , and unskilled plant w o r k e r s .
Where possible, data a r e presented fo r all in du stries and fo r manufacturing
and nonmanufacturing separately.
Data a r e not presen ted fo r skilled m a i n ­
tenance w o r k e r s in nonmanufacturing beca use the num ber of w o r k e r s e m ­
ployed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too sm all to w a r ra n t
separate presentation.
This table p rovid es a m e a s u r e of wage trends after
elimination of changes in a v e r a g e earnin gs caused by em ployment shifts
among establishments as w ell as turn over of es tablishments included in
survey samples.
F o r further details , see appendix A.
B -s e rie s

ta b l e s

A m a j o r co nsideration in the a r e a wage survey p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c rib e the lev el and movement of wages in a v ariety of la b o r m arkets,
through the analy sis of (1) the lev el and distribution of w age s by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The p r o g r a m develops information that m ay be used fo r many purp oses,
including w age and s a l a r y administration, collective ba rgain in g, and a s ­
sistance in determining plant location.
Su rv ey re su lts also a r e used by the
U.S. De partm ent of L a b o r to make wage determinations under the Se rv ic e
Contract Act of 1965.

T h e B - s e r i e s tables p r e s e n t
i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p i s t s a n d c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; a n d d a ta
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a ­
t i o n s ; h ea lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on l i f e i n s u r a n c e p la n s .

A - s e r i e s tables

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s t h e m e t h o d s an d c o n c e p t s u s e d in t h e a r e a
wage survey p rogram .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on t h e s c o p e o f t h e a r e a
s u r v e y , th e a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ,
an d l a b o r m anagem ent agreem en t c overa ge.

T a b le s A - l through A - 6 provide estimates of s traig h t-t im e weekly
or ho ur ly earnin gs fo r w o r k e r s in occupations common to a v arie ty of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t survey
a r e a s , tables A - 8 through A - 13 provide s im i la r data fo r establishments
employing 500 w o r k e r s or more .




A p p en d ixes

om ists

A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip t io n s
to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by o ccu p atio n .

used by

B ureau

field

econ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woikerc

Average
weekly
1
(standard)

r e c e i v i n g s t r a g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
%

s

%

$

s

$

s

s

$

s

S

S

%

$

S

s

$

s

$

S

%

105
Mean 2

Medi an2

Middle range 2

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

and
under

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

-

50

103
52
5 1

152
46
106

319
208
111

325
231
94

743
499
244

693
494
199

455
283
172

260
131
129

333
278
55

157
125
32

73
63
10

56
30
26

38
20
18

12
10
2

1
1

38

14
12
2

-

4
4

1
1

38

18
11
7

4
4

~

18
4
14

13
13

~

16
13
3

18
18

“
2
2

15
12
3

98
73
25

103
60
43

133
87
46

87
58
29

50
47
3

59
53
6

31
22
9

18
2
16

13
1
12

2
-

-

2

-

28

26
23
3

25
19
6

6

_

6
-

-

110

400

ALL WORKERS
$
232.00
236.00

S
22 3 . 5 0
227.00

224.50

218.50

$
$
198.50-259.00
201 . 5 0 - 2 6 4 . 5 0
190.00-252.50

40.0
40.0
40.0

266.00
289.50
236.00

260.50
291.00
218.50

218.50-300.00
250.00-327.00
207.00-276.00

622
425
197

40.0
40.0
40.0

258.00
255.00
263.50

250.00
250.50
249.50

227.00-284.00
225.00-285.00
230.00-271.00

, c l a s s c ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

1.496
996
500

40.0
40.0
40.0

237.00
238.50
234.00

229.50
228.50
230.00

203.50-259.00
205.00-255.00
199.50-262.50

-

“

S E C R E T A R I E S , c l a s s 0 ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

833
527
306

39.5
39.5
39.5

215.00
212.50
218.50

217.50
217.50
218.50

190.00-233.00
192.00-230.50
188.00-242.50

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS E ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 --------------------

569
337
232

39.5
40.0
39.5

217.50
245.00
178.00

198.00
281.00
176.00

180.00-287.00
195.00-287.00
161.00-195.50

_

STENOGRAPHERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

220
112
108

40.0
40.0
40.0

210.50
232.00
188.00

218.00
240.00
178.00

171.00-241.50
212.00-265.50
157.50-225.00

-

S EC R ET AR IE S -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ---------------------

3.801
2.483
1.318

40.0
40.0
40.0

SE CR ET AR IES * CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

144
80
64

s e c r e t a r i e s , c l a s s e ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------se c r e ta r ie s

-

2
-

29
4

-

2

25

“

”

*

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
42

“

“

“

“

“

-

2
2

15
15

40
20
20

82
32
50

143
103
40

320
254
66

321
231
90

200
115
85

119
60
59

104
64
40

65
42
23

27
1

4
4

17

27
2
25

105
76
29

75
59
16

182
110
72

230
172
58

97
58
39

30
3
27

9
4
5

1
1

1
1

17

47
36
11

-

25

23

25

67
8

6
6

152
152

17
17

1

25

59

79
40
39

5
5

25

64
29
35

18
18

23

87
62
25

6
-

17
-

17
4

17

13

2
1

27
17
10

23
10
13

42
31
11

34
30
4

-

6

17
2
15

3

“

10
1
9

24

-

-

-

3

25

23

42

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

15
9

GENERAL -------

142

40.0

219.00

228.50

197.00-241.50

-

-

-

6

6

2

2

12

6

SENIOR ----------

78

40.0

195.00

171.00

161.00-215.50

-

-

-

-

4

15

15

12

11

196.00

179.50-213.00

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

10

12

9

12

5

5

-

42

66
12
54

35
15
20

78
19
59

51
23
28

53
28
25

53
7
46

104
34
70

95
22
73

61
33
28

146
146

49

39

32

47

93

94

58

12
12

21
14
7

6

11
8
3

1

_

-

3
3

1

-

-

59

39.5

196.00

817
344
473

40.0
40.0
40.0

200.00
227.50
180.50

197.00
253.00
183.00

161 .0 0 - 2 4 3 . 5 0
184.00-273.00
145.00-216.00

42

21

5

7
5
2

CLASS A -----------------------

573

40.0

222.00

221.00

1 9 0 * 0 0 - 2 6 0 *00

-

-

1

2

9

3

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

244
87
157

40.0
40.0
40.0

148.50
168.00
138.00

144.00
164.00
140.00

115.00-164.00
150.00-183.00
109.50-152.00

42

21

4

21

4

57
12
45

32

42

5
5
-

15
17

29
18
11

F I L E CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

318
96
222

39.5
40.0
39.5

151.00
198.50
130.00

135.00
210.00
126.50

120.00-157.00
155.00-223.50
120.00-136.00

21

32

60
60

48
30
18

10
3
7

6
3
3

-

32

11
2
9

2
2

21

69
1
68

“

~

F I L E CL ER KS . CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

114
60

39.5
40.0

171.00
198.00

155.00
210.00

136.50-210.50
155.00-221.50

-

7

-

-

32
17

5
3

1
1

-

-

2
2

7

-

24
1

F I L E C LE R KS . CLASS C ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

179
164

39.5
39.5

127.00
124.50

121.00
121.00

118.50-135.00
115.00-130.50

21
21

25
25

60
60

45
45

9
9

16
3

1
1

-

-

T Y P I S T S ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------TY P IS TS .

S e e fo o tn o te s

at en d o f t a b le s .




-

-

-

“

-

11
8
3

STENOGRAPHERS.

TYPISTS

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS.

TR AN S CR IB IN G- M AC H IN E

~

-

-

-

-

21

~

5
-

-

-

_
2

-

6
-

25
25

17
13
4

9

20
20

6
6

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
1
7

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

146

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

9

8
8

“

“

6
6

4
4

-

-

-

”
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office w orkers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Number
of
wodcers

*

Average
weekly

$

%

$

s

%

160

s

(standard)

Mei n2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

S

s

$

%

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

260

260

280

300

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17 0

180

190

200

220

260

260

280

300

320

360

2

2
2

6
6

6
6

1

18
18

5
3

5
5

~
“

11
8
3

18
9
9

11
11

1
1

2
2

6
4
2

-

-

1
1

2
2

“
-

110

120

130

and
under

-

-

-

120

130

160

150

160

2

17
16

6
2

25
15

320

%

$

_

~

105

110

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

%

600

360

360

380

-

-

-

-

360

380

600

620

”
~

~

“
~

”

_

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$
179.00
185.50

$
159.00
182.00

$
$
169.50-220.00
157.50-220.00

39.5
39.5
39.5

197.00
216.50
179.50

182.00
218.00
170.00

161.50-227.50
162.00-266.00
150.50-185.00

295
145
150

60.0
40.0
60.0

163.00
163.00
163.50

161.00
161.00
162.50

150.00-173.00
151.00-170.00
150.00-173.00

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

236
120
116

39.5
39.5
60.0

185.00
189.50
180.50

188.00
188.00
160.00

160.00-207.00
169.00-196.50
160.00-217.00

-

ORDER CLE R KS . CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

228
114
116

39.5

183.50

160.00-201.50

-

39.5
40.0

187.00
180.50

183.00
188.00
160.00

169.00-188.00
160.00-217.00

-

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

2.136
1.291
843

60.0
40.0
39.5

188.50

163.50-209.00
163.50-206.00
166.00-223.00

-

186.50
192.03

182.00
180.00
186.00

4
4

-

-

20
13
7

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

796
577
219

39.5
60.0
39.5

203.53

198.00

-

_

206.50
201.50

200.00
195.50

180.00-218.50
179.50-219.00
186.00-208.00

-

-

-

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1.338
716
626

60.0
40.0
60.0

180.00
172.00
188.53

172.50
168.50
175.00

155.50-200.00
155.50-182.00
160.00-223.00

-

4
4

-

-

20
13
7

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

234
132
102

39.5
40.0
39.5

208.00
191.Ou
229.50

195.50
193.00
233.50

180.00-266.00
168.00-201.50
188.50-260.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

946
454
492

39.5
39.5
39.5

197.50
199.03
196.00

190.00
186.50
192.00

168.50-220.00
168.00-225.50
170.00-220.00

-

-

_

-

-

-

16
16

-

-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

373
224

213.00
216.00
208.50

200.00
209.00
195.50

188.00-232.50
186.00-255.50
196 . 0 0 - 2 2 0 . 0 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

169

60.0
40.0
60.0

-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

573
230
363

39.5
39.5
39.5

187.50
182.00
191.00

180.50
172.50
186.00

160.00-210.00
155.50-201.50
160.00-213.50

_

-

-

-

-

-

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

95
71

39.5
39.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUF AC T U R I N G -------------------------------------

135
68
67

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUF A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s

-

2
-

~

-

2

16
2
14

4
i
3

28
19
9

16
3
11

15
2
13

_

-

_

_

2
-

-

-

2

51
25
26

10
8
2

52
29
23

88
39
49

35
9
26

32
22
10

17
7
10

-

-

-

-

-

26
-

21
21

50
10
60

10
10

51
65
6

16
4
10

33
6
27

27
20
7

50
10
40

10
10

51

14

-

65
6

4
10

31
4
27

27
20
7

3 08
223
85

265
152
93

151
77
74

325
244
8 1

155

115
98
17

110
67
63

106
49
55

197
167
30

193
125
68

135
85
50

67
28
19

128
77
51

28
14
14

60
36
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

24
-

21

-

-

-

24

-

80

136

306

26
56

83
53

164
119
65

-

-

14
13
1

66

-

5
4
i
131
79
52

150

26 0
16 1

26
22
2

10
5
5

9
7
2

15
13
2

-

67
29
18

40
38
2

136
36
102

91
57
36

115
63
52

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

2

27
23
4

22
18
4

16
16

67
29
18

38
38

109
11
98

69
39
30

80
26
56
1

at end o f t a b le s .




4

21

106
44

17 7
127

36
28

99

-

-

“

12
11
1

“

“

151
56
97

65
23
62

20
14
6

6

-

5
1

~

76
66
10

53

32

6

-

35
18

23
9

20
14
6

5
1

33

-

-

-

11
68

98
19
79

39
23
16

7
3
4

27
3
24

11

11
6

11

160
35
105

108
55
53

90
27
63

89
4 1
68

63
53
10

69
39
10

85
26
61

69
31
18

53
19
36

19
14
5

56
50

66
24
62

55
11
44

59
26
35

37

70
27
63

“

~

79

77
78

8
29

-

~

~

“

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

"

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

33

6
7
3

4

~

~

-

5

8
1
7

3
3

6

2

-

-

-

-

4
2

2

3
3

~

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

4
2

2
2

-

-

“

3

-

-

-

6

-

“

“
“

~

“

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical workers in San Jose, C a lif., March 1978
W
eekly earnings
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

NiimKo
of
woikers

Average
weekly
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

s

190
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

S

$

s

s

$

$

s

$

%

$

%

$

%

$

S

%

s

s

150

160

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

390

360

900

440

480

5 20

560

600

690

680

160

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

900

440

980

520

560

600

690

680

720

-

20

27

37

12
15

23
19

51
25
26

66
96
20

149

17
3

205
105
100

121
71
50

100
36
69

40
27
13

21
16
5

4
-

6
6

4

“

2
2
“

89
29
55

67
36
31

86
27
59

35
23
12

17
12
5

4
-

6
6

2
2

and
u n d er
150

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

869
481
388

90.0
90.0
39.5

$
913.00
911.00
915.00

$
913.00
908.50
920.00

$
$
356.50-969.00
350.00-960.00
369.00-968.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) t CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

360
153
207

90.0 965.00
9 0 . G 981.50
90.0 953.00

969.00
970.00
959.00

927.50-500.00
939.50-525.00
906.00-992.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

917
275

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1.303
1.080
223

395.00-925.50
345.50-421.00

92

90.0

312.50

53

90.0

328.50

287 .50
295.50

266.50-332.50
259.00-913.00

40.0
90.0
90.0

369.50
376.00
309.00

351.00
361.50
320.00

310.00-909.00
320.00-921.50
276.50-395.00

90.0
40.0
40.0

919.00
926.50
396.50

903.00
919.00
395.50

359.00-965.00
367.00-972.00
325.50-359.00

4 08
305

40.0
40.0

335.50
341.00

335.00
390.00

310.00-366.00
311.00-381.00

103

■»

6 06
549
57

320.00

330.00

o

289

290.50

282.00

268.00-320.00

226
63

40.0
90.0

300.00
257.50

290.00
269.50

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

~

~

_

20

87
62

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

12
3
9

20
8
12

_

_

_

-

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

_

276.00-339.00
233.50-276.50

_

_

_

-

19
13

15
7

50
25

96
39

102
70

119
70

46
27

19
9

5
4

4
4

20
5

23
10

5
1

1

-

8
6

7
6

8
8

-

-

-

“

~

33
19
19

109
62
92

103
92
11

101
79
22

170
121
99

196
199
52

229
215
9

129
126
3

87
87

33
33

49
49

35
35

“

~

~

2
2

_
~

6
4
2

19
13
6

46
38
8

90
63
27

133
129
9

99
96
3

76
51
25

84
84

30
30

“

“

7
7

"

2
2

3
2

15
13

21
10

33
25

57
92

87
46

1

2

11

8

15

91

10
1
9

50

79
5 1
28

55

46

98

1
49

19
2
12

39
21

37
9

37
11

36
39
2

25
21
4

85
22
63

79
9 1
38

92
27
15

36

8

29
13
11

19
7
7

"

93
91
2

ii

28

15

11
10
1

12
11
1

10

5

6
6

-

-

-

293.00
297.00

261.00-321.50
213.00-269.00

-

-

-

_

~

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

357
188
169

90.0
90.0
90.0

235.50
255.50
213.00

216.00
290.00
195.50

195.50-260.00
211 . 0 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0
190.50-233.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

122
71
51

90.0
40.0
39.5

201.53
218.00
179.50

181.00
209.50
168.00

167.50-236.00
171 . 5 0 - 2 9 9 . 5 0
159.00-189.00

-

-

-

-

22
22

_
-

18
2
16

40
21
19

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .

5

7
8

_

_

-

-

9

-

i

5

1
1

2
2

3
3

8
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

7
7
"

"

~

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

"
_

-

”

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“
”

-

7
7

“

”
-

-

-

2
2

2
2

297.00-309.00

_

-

78
4

269.00
290.00
240.00

_
-

2
2

82

90
11

275.00

“

~

51

50
16

90.0
90.0
40.0

“

-

66

97
37

357
219
1 38

“

~

89

88
37

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

_

7

125

235.00-315.00
190.50-251.00

-

-

36
29

68
90
28

261.00
213.00

_

-

30
30

52
88

267.00
221.50

.

37
37

190

90.0
90.0

.
-

25
29
1

29
73

978
358

-

“

63
1

102

203.50-287.50

35
35

~

69

21
4 1

244.00

49
49

~

83
52
31

62

297.50

33
33

”

16
6
10

18

90.0

-

“

87
87

17
6
11

2
16

-

8 36

4
'

7
7

'

~

~

39
11
28

17

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------




20
B
12

20
7
13

307.00-337.00

o

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

389.00
38 4 . 5 0

o

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

390.00
388.00

o

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

40.0
40.0

~
-

-

“

“

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

~

~

-

~

~

~

“

~

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical workers in San Jose, C alif., March 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
Na i u U.

s

Average
weekly

s

s

woritera

S

s

s

s

s

s

S

s

S

%

s

s

$

s

%

i

s

s

150

160

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

360

4 00

440

480

5 20

560

600

640

680

150

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

160

180

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

320

34 0

360

400

440

480

520

560

600

640

680

720

1
1

4
4

63
63

79
62
17

128
120

136
120

105
91
14

73
60
13

84
69
15

51
41
10

70
67
3

~
-

-

-

16

113
77
36

-

8

123
103
20

“

“

-

17
16
1

32
3 1
1

40
25
15

47
37
10

54
51
3

66
59
7

51
41
10

70
67
3

-

75
74
1

86
80

62
45
17

57
53
4

15
9
6

18
10
8

-

-

-

”

-

-

140
Mean2

Medi an2

Middle range 2

and
under

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1.030
878
152

40.0
40.0
39.5

$
262.00
261.00
268.00

$
255.00
253.50
262.00

$
$
216.00-301.50
211.50-301.00
234.00-307.00

DRAFTERSe CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

377
327
50

40.0
40.0
40.0

315.00
317.00
303.50

318.00
320.00
296.50

280.50-353.50
282.00-355.00
266.00-339.50

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

38b
331
57

40.0
40.0
39.0

251.00
247.00
273.00

249.50
243.00
264.00

221.50-275.00
220.50-270.50
249.50-288.50

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

6

73
58
15

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

205
174

40.0
40.0

203.50
200.50

195.50
195.50

178.50-219.50
178.50-217.50

1
1

4
4

52
52

59
42

38
33

21
20

14
14

11
7

i
1

4

DRAFTER-TRACERS ------------------------------------------

60

40.0

196.50

200.00

181.00-224.50

-

-

11

18

15

12

4

-

-

-

_

40.0
40.0
40.0

267.00
265.00
296.50

261.00
260.00
276.00

224.00-306.00
222.00-302.00
252.00-353.00

ELECTRONICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

1.067
1.023

40.0
40.0

318.50
316.00

317.00
314.00

286.00-348.50
285.00-345.00

ELECTRONICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B NANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

255.50

250.00

1.128
113

40.0
40.0

253.50
278.00

250.00
268.00

ELECTRONICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS C MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

742
721

40.0
40.0

211.50
210.50

205.50
205.50

192.00-225.00
193.00-223.00

1.241

o

3.050
2.872
178

O

ELECTRONICS T E C H N I C IA N S --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

392
391
1

52
46
6

207
188
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

230.00-274.00

-

-

230.00-270.50
244.00-328.00

-

-

8
8

-

_

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

~
“

-

-

-

-

~

”

”

-

-

~

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

190

14

-

-

-

-

192
16

163
27

2
12
14
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

208

~

-

4 27
3

37 7
35 4
23

453
414
39

268
262
6

270
264
6

6
6

56
56

152
148

154
154

197
197

144
142

164

180

155

163
10

-

43
26
17

103
102
1

3 04
301
3

27 2
25 3
19

2 59
232
27

110
104
6

60
54
6

37
19
18

43
37
6

10

52
46

164
162

289
289

120
120

49
45

42
34

4
4

13
13

-

i

-

6

-

*

*

~
-

181
161
20

4 30

-

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




“

-

"
-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~
-

'

'
-

Table A -3 . Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
Average
( mean2)

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

OFFICE

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
( mean2)

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

HEN

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------------------

39.5

OCCUPATIONS -

WOMEN

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

clerks,

CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS A:
NONMANUFACTURING --------

40.0

, class b:
NONMANUFACTURING --------

236.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING ---------

39.5
39.5
40.0

187 . 0 0
180.50

801

39.5

192.50

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

203

39.5

201.50

1 1064
598

40.0
40.0

180.50
189.50

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

225
125
100

39.5
40.0
39.5

206.50
188.50
229.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

840

39.5

197.50

373
467

39.5
39.5

199.50
196.00

CONTINUED
CLASS A -

DRAFTERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

class

b

183.50

s e c r eta r ie s

225.00

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TE CHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------40.0

Average
( mean2)

228
114
114

o r de r

:
NONHANUFACTURING

Weekly
hours*
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
182.00

ORDER CLERKS OFFICE

Number
of
workers

ACCOUNTING CLERKS!
NONMANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A:
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

253
176

40.0
40.0

$
280.50
291.50

706

40.0

266.50

615
91

40.0

265.00
275.50

DR AFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------

269

40.0

240

40.0

322.50
324.50

D RAFTER S. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------

141
125

40.0
40.0

198.50
196.00

2.648

40.0

265.50

2.474
174

40.0
40.0

263.00
297.00

933

40.0

318.00

889

40.0

315.50

ELE CTRONICS T E C H N I C IA N S .
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1.097

40.0

984
113

40.0
40.0

253.50
251.00
278.00

ELE CTRONICS T E C H N I C IA N S .
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

618
601

s e c r e ta r ie s

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C
NONHANUFACTURING ------

40.0

1 .2 8 4
475

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS EZ
NONMANUFACTURING --------

263.50

40.0
40.0

235.50
232.50

39.0
40.0

108

40.0

213.50
188.00

STENOGRAPHERS.

GENERAL ---------

123

40.0

225.50

STENOGRAPHERS.

SENIOR ------------

77

40.0

195.00

39.5

193.00

T R A N S C R IB IN G -H A C H I N E

TYPISTS

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
TYP IS TS .

7 88

40.0

200.50

315
473

40.0
40.0

231.00
180.50

40.0

222.00

40.0
40.0

149.00
138.00

CLASS A -

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING
F I L E CLERKS ------------------NONHANUFACTURING

232
157
271
213

39.5
39.5

143.00
130.50

170
155

39.5
39.5

127.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

117
62

39.5
39.5

195.00
177.00

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S HANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

295
145
150

40.0
40.0
40.0

163.00
163.00
163.50

ORDER CLERKS ---------------MANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

2 33
119
114

39.5
39.5
40.0

185.00
189.00
180.50

F I L E CL ER KS . CLASS C
NONHANUFACTURING ------

S ee fo o t n o t e s

124.50

key

E n t r y o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s a --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

328
198
130

40.0
40.0
40.0

213.00
216.00
209.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

512
337

39.5
39.5

187.50
191.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TE CHNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

40.0
39.5

425.50
422.50

310
193

40.0
40.0

464.00
452.50

952
169

40.0
40.0

374.00
316.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

460
421

40.0
40.0

425.00
432.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

295
85

40.0
40.0

346.00
327.00

325

40.0

274.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S )
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

COMPUTER o p e r a t o r s :
MANUFACTURING ------

7

ELE CTRONICS T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS AMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

207.00
206.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TE CHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
6 39
330

at en d o f t a b le s .




ELECTR ON ICS T E C H NI CI AN S
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

173.50

200

STENOGRAPHERS -------------NONHANUFACTURING

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) :
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

124

112

40.0
40.0

404.50
411 . 0 0

39.5
39.5

281.50
291.00

Table A -4 .

Hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1978
Hourly earnings 4

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
S
6.30

Mean2

Medi an2

Middle range 2

i
*
i
i
9.6010.0010.4010.80

$

s

*

$

%

s

$

%

$

S

7.00

7.20

7.40

8.00

8.20

8.40

8.60

S
8.80

s

6.80

I
7.80

$

6.70

t
7.60

$

6.50

s
6.60

s

6.40

9.00

9.20

9.40

6.50

6.60

6.70

6.80

7.00

7.20

7.40

7.60

7.80

8,00

8.20

8.40

8.60

8.80

9.00

9.20

9.40

9.60 10.0010.4010.8011.20

2
2

~

4
4

"

56
56

and
u n d er
6.40

ALL UORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

ao
78

$
8.58
8.58

$
8.75
8.75

$
8.748.7 5-

$
8.77
8.77

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

230
190

8.75
8.72

9.15
9.15

7.757.75-

9.58
9.58

MAINTENANCE M A CH IN IS TS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

98
92

8.26
8.25

8.39

7.20-

-

-

-

-

-

13

14

-

7.20-

8.77
8.84

-

8.42

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

14

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACH INE RY ) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

328
328

7.76
7.76

7.69
7.69

7.127.12-

8.05
8.05

12
12

-

2
2

-

“

”

5
5

16
16

53
53

8
8

14
14

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

167
59
108
100

8.70
8.62
8.74
8.67

8.34

8.14
8.14
7.79
7.79

-

9.35
9.35
9.69

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8.34
8.25
8.25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9.05

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

94
94

7.94
7.94

8.15
8.15

6.906.90-

9.08
9.08

_

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

294
294

9.82
9.82

9.95
9.95

9.6 5- 10.00
9 .6 5 - 10.00

66

8.31

8.24

7.7 5-

STATIONARY

ENGINEERS -----------------------------------

8.96

~

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

"

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

43
43

1

-

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




4
4

1

-

28
27

5

6
6

-

-

-

-

5
5

6 1
59

_

-

5
3
2

14

-

2

1

5

2

14

-

2

1

5

11
11

-

-

-

_

17
14
3

4
4

-

21
6

5
5

13
13

4
4

7
1

15

8
8

7
7

47
47

3
3

12
12

48
48

_

31
6
25
25

12
12

43

_

5
5

29
26

90
90

15

1

-

~

2
2
_

“
*
58
58

8

-

_

-

-

3

3

5
5

_

1
1

20

7
7

3
3

5
-

12

-

-

-

5
5

12
12

5
5

5
5

4
4

3
3

20
20

7
7

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
3

3
3

2
2

8
8

39
39

2

6

-

-

-

4

13
30
30

20

-

_

~

-

-

_

-

-

16

"

3
3

-

-

-

-

7

9
4

12

5
~

12
12

-

11

~

-

11
11

-

“
91
91

123
123

14
14

_

-

4
4
-

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial movement and custodial workers in San Jose, C alif., March 1978
Hourly earnings

4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$
3.00

*

S

s

3.40

3.60

s
4.40

s
4 .8 0

s
5 .20

s
5.60

s
6

00

s
6 .40

6.80

S
7.20

*
7.60

%

3.20

$
4 .00

%

2.80

8.00

s
8.40

s
8.80

$
9.20

2.80

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

4.00

4 .40

4.80

5 .20

5 .60

6.00

6

40

6 .80

7.20

7.60

8.00

8.40

8.80

9.20

9.6010.0010.4010.80

-

-

-

-

17
17
-

35
14

3
-

159

119

-

3
-

3
156

1
118
50

5 20
78
442
4 28

32
15

499
149

316
53

-

2
2
-

-

-

35
35
-

17
~

350
215

263
1 92

25
25

8
8

252
37

60

“
118
118

425
425

-

-

119
119

42
14

24

124

17

16

5

12

-

$
2.60
Mean2

Median*

Middle range 2

s

*
*
*
9.6010.0010.40

and
unde r

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------------------------------

1 * 841
A 66

$
8.14
8.11

$
8.25
8.65

$
7.677.86-

$
8.80
8.83

-

1.373
888

8.15
8.30

7.95
7.95

7.677.95-

8.80
8.80

-

TR UCK DRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

578
146

8.23
8.37

8.80
8.70

7.107.86-

8.80
9.24

“

TR UCK DRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK ----------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

734
686

8.04
7.89

7.95
7.95

7.677.67-

7.95
7.95

TRUCK DR IVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

390
201

8.68
8.79

8.83
8.96

8.658.96-

8.96
9.04

SHIPPERS -----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

66
53

6.26
6.04

5.66
5.60

5.605.15-

RECEIV ERS ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 40

7.43

7.73

72
68

7.18
7.69

SHIPPERS AND RECE IV ERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

414
354

4.89
4.54

4.31

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

846
491
355

5.99
5.01
7.35

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

336
217

6.83
7.18

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

618
505
113

GUARDS ----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

_

-

2
2
-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3

21

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

2

_

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

-

14
14

3
3

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

14
14

_

7
7

3

-

1

154

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7.56
6.16

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

24
21

-

-

1

3

7

7.33-

8 .00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

18

3

7

7.73
8.00

5.647.80-

7.73
8.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

18

-

45
10

1

2

-

-

5
1
4

55
38

“

1
6

2
2

17

4.53

3.953.90-

5.18
4.92

81
80

49

10
8

16
15

17
16

5.49

4.35-

-

4.037.10-

7.59
5.49
7.97

3

4.55
7.10

i
2

-

7.41
7.41

5.7 47.41-

7.66
7.60

6.87
6.75
7.44

6.70
6.57
7.11

6.576.447.11-

7.40
7.40
8.39

“

1*888
254
1.634

3.54
6.11
3.14

3.00
7.22
3.00

3.004.443.00-

3.50
7.32
3.15

95
-

256
-

95

256

912
912

GUARDS. CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1.726
1 .629

3.20
3.14

3.00
3.00

3.003.00-

3.28
3.15

95
95

256
256

J A N I T O R S . P OR TER S, AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2.114
645
1*469

4.75
5.25
4.54

4.56
5.12
4.56

4.324.354.25-

5.20
6.48
4.71

21

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

107

74

-

-

-

-

-

107

73

-

16
16

-

29

44

129

87

44

-

-

29

44

129

34

83
74

-

-

-

-

-

81
6

10

9

3
3

-

-

2

13
13

29
13

56
4

4
4

4

-

2
2

1

-

7
4

6

-

-

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

68
68

-

2

10
2
8

221
22 1

-

4
4

204
204

88
30
58

34
32
2

45
25
20

20
10
10

10
10

20

46

912
912

46
46

204
204

87
57

34
2

41
16

20
10

10
10

24
2
22

14
10
4

176
46
130

161
34
1 27

147
75
72

876
106
770

176
7 3
103

145
87
58

-

-

21

2

46
-

Se e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

-

3

9

2

47

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

35

-

"

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
45

-

-

-

70

6
6

104
104

57
15

45
45
-

106
100
6

31
-

-

97
45
52

8
7
1

1
1

19
19

121
121

-

20
20

1

-

1

-

139
19
120

53
15

119
117
2

-

-

70
-

38

198
1 52

-

60
47
13

20

41

-

-

162
1
161

4

41
41
-

-

-

_

-

-

7
-

-

-

-

57
6

*

58
58

-

-

3
2

-

_

-

58
58
-

116
35
81
-

-

~

-

*

-

-

-

10
-

-

~

31

-

10

-

8
8

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
60

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial workers,
by sex, in San Jose, C alif., March 1978
Average
( mean2)
hourly
earnings4

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM' AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Average
Number (mean2 )
of
hourly
workers earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

80
78

$
8.58
8.58

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

223
183

8.76
8.73

91
85

8.22
8.21

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MA CHIN ERY) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

319
319

7.77
7.77

MAINTENANCE m e c h a n i c s
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

167
59
108
100

8.70
8.62
8.79
8.67

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

272
272

9.85
9.85

STA TION ARY ENGINEERS -----------------------------------

66

136
72
69

$
7.91
7.18
7.66

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

7 69

6.18

911
353

5.17
7.37

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

272

7.09

205

7.25

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

584
971
113

6.90
6.77
7.99

GUARDS ---------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1.695
295
1.900

3.55
6.07
3.11

GUARDS. CLASS B -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1.992
1.395

3.18

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE MA CH IN IS TS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

RECEIVERS -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

I t 714

9.76

1.209

9.52

211

3.16
2.99

8.31

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTO DIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

3.11

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.783
910
1.373
888

8.10

TR UCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

5 20
88

8.12
7.80

TR UCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK ----------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

7 39
686

8.09
7.89

GUARDS. CLASS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

202
202

2.99

TR UCKDRIVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

390
201

8.68
8.79

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS:
NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

222

9.98

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

7.95
8.15
8.30

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

GUARDS --------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

202

2.99




Table A-7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for em ploym ent shifts.

for selected occupational groups in San Jose, C alif., for selected periods
---- M a r c h 1972

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s ___________________________

M a r c h 1974

M a r c h 1974

M a r c h 1975

M a r c h 1976

to

to

to

to

to

to

M a r c h 1973

In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

M a r c h 1974

M a r c h 1975

M a r c h 1976

M a r c h 1977

M a r c h 1978

6.0
(6 )
2.5
6.2
6.4

6.9
(6)
7.4
7.9
6.3

10.7
9.0
10.6
13.2
13.4

8.1
7.0
10.6
9.8
7.9

7.4
6.9
7.6
8.0
6.7

7.2
7.0
6.6
7.4
7.5

5.9
(6 )
4.5
5.7
5.8

7.1
(6 )
7.2
7.7
6.4

10.6
9.1
10.3
12.7
11.1

8.4
7.0
11.6
9.9
8.1

8.0
7.4
6.9
7.8
8.0

6.8
7.6

6.0
(6 )
(6)
7.0

6.6
(6 )
(6 )
5.9

11.2
(M
(M
( )

7.6
(6 )
n
( )

6.1
(6 )
(6 )
5.0

7.2

M a r c h 1977

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
E l e c t r o n i c d ata p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ____________________________ _________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l __________________________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _________________________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

A r e v i s e d d e s c r ip t io n f o r c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s is b e in g in tr o d u c e d in th is a r e a in
197 8.
T h e r e v i s e d d e s c r ip t io n is n o t c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t to the p r e v io u s d e s c r ip t io n .
T h e r e f o r e , th e e a r n in g s o f c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e not u sed in c o m p u tin g p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s
f o r the e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g g ro u p .

11

(6 )
7.4
7.8

(6 )
(6 >
7.0

Table A -8 . W eekly earnings of office w orkers—large establishments in San Jose, C alif., March 1978
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
S

Average
weekly

S
110

Mean2

Medi an 2

Middle range 2

and
unde r
120

t

120

s

s

130

190

s

s

150

160

$

170

$
180

190

/

200

210

$

s

%

s

220

290

$
260

S

*
280

300

$
3 20

S

s

*
390

360

380

900

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

1
-

-

29
8
16

92

66
29

217
138

37

79

189
123
66

301
235
66

277
205
72

5 29

16
26

932
97

302
215
87

209
131
73

319
278
91

151
119
32

70
63
7

53
30
23

32
20
12

12
10
2

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

11
11

11
11

9
4

16
11

19

13

4

-

12

13

4

$
239.50
292.50
231.50

$
230.00
232.50
222.00

$
$
205.00-271.00
208.00-280.50
195.00-261.00

-

90.0
90.0

290.00

253.00-322.50
253.00-327.00

-

295.00

291.00
293.50

983
393
190

90.0
90.0
90.0

262.50
259.50
270.50

260.00
260.50
252.50

227.00-293.00
230.00-291.00
225.50-325.00

S EC R ET A R IE S . CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1.113
804
309

90.0
90.0
90.0

290.00
296.00
229.50

228.50
239.00
209.00

205.50-267.50
212.50-272.00
189.50-257.50

-

S EC R ET A R IE S . CLASS 0 -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

637
9 30
207

90.0
90.0
39.5

221.00
220.50
222.00

221.50
221.50
222.00

205.50-237.00
208.00-239.00
187.00-299.50

-

-

~

-

S EC R ET A R IE S .

CLASS E ------------------------------

333

90.0

297.00

281.00

200.00-287.00

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

208
109

90.0
90.0

209.00
233.00

218.00
240.00

170.00-290.50
215.50-267.50

-

-

6

-

O

ALL WORKERS

217.00

227.50

187.00-290.50

-

2.790
2.053
737

90.0
90.0
90.0

S EC R ET A R IE S . CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

87
71

S EC R ET A R IE S . CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.
STENOGRAPHERS.

GENERAL -------------------------

130

o

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

-

1

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

6

71
50
2 1

80
58
22

50
97
3

53
97
6

28
22
6

18
2
16

13
1
12

-

2

“

69
20
99

76
36
40

155
123
32

129
102
22

209
187
22

126
91
35

79
60
19

95
69
31

65
42
23

28
27

23
23

19
19

6
6

-

13

29
4
20

1

-

-

-

-

19

10

19

71
23

87
58
29

30
3
27

1
1

1
1

-

-

2

-

-

8
1
7

-

2
12

217
172
95

_

-

43
39
4

6
4

10

30
18
12

94

19

82
60
22

-

-

-

-

-

3

10

23

90

95

19

18

5

6

152

17

-

-

-

-

-

10
1

17

17
4

29
15

17
2

3
2

4

19
13

23
10

38
27

30
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

6

2

2

12

6

3

3

18

23

38

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
1

23
22
1

39
33
1

146
196

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

13

15

15

12

11

-

23
12
11

20
15
5

25
19
6

29
19
5

25
16

5

6
5
1

13
7
6

9
6
3

90.0

195.00

171.00

161.00-215.50

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

360
306
59

90.0
90.0

222.00
231.50
169.00

238.50
258.00

-

5

169.00

173.00-273.00
183.50-273.00
196.50-186.50

-

39.5

69
44
25

-

“

35
22
13

2
2

4

78

2

38
28
10

-

1

SENIOR ---------------------------

1
1

15
12
3

-

-

-

4
4

9
8
1

~

“

-

-

-

1
1

9

-

CLASS B ----------------------------------------

101

39.5

166.50

162.00

150.00-181.50

-

4

5

15

18

19

12

19

6

2

2

F I L E CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

82
81

40.0
90.0

205.50
206.50

211.50
211.50

162.00-230.00
163.00-230.50

-

-

3
2

15
15

3
3

3
3

2
2

-

-

1
1

4
4

21
21

13
13

9
9

8
8

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

102
62

90.0
39.5

203.00

162.00-228.00
162.00-252.50

-

-

-

9
2

8
2

-

5

3

18
9

5
5

12
11

1

-

7
3

4

-

25
19

7

-

3
1

-

211.50

186.50
204.00

“

2
2

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

63

40.0

168.00

170.00

156.50-184.00

-

-

4

3

13

13

16

i

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ACC OUN TING C L E R K S -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1.238
952
286

40.0
90.0
39.5

187.00
189.00
198.00

179.50
178.00
187.00

161.50-206.00
161.50-200.50
161.50-290.50

4
4

15
12

34
26

196
115
31

67
61
6

90

88

29

-

-

-

-

10
19

~

-

-

-

9

36
52

-

13

56
39

6
5

-

88

16
19

8

218
197
21

50
91

3

119
90
29

101

-

81
52
29

2

i

~

“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

462
911
51

90.0
90.0
39.0

209.00
204.00
203.00

198.00
200.00
179.50

178.50-220.50
179.50-220.00
168.00-221.50

_

-

-

35
39
1

52
51
1

23
23

19
10
9

16
19

6
5

-

-

73
69

-

-

-

2

i

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

776
541
235

90.0
90.0
39.5

177.00
168.50
197.00

171.00
167.00
190.00

155.50-188.50
155.00-179.00
158.00-290.50

4
4

65
13

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52

10

TYP IS TS .

4

39
26

7

36

85

65

41

6
1

22

7 A

90
1
26
21

28
19

15

38

7

5

9

8

5
33

77

8

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




179
195
39

4

-

15
12
3

u

12

48
29

107
84
23

19

11

59
6

193
123
20

133
123
10

81
56
25

4

“

-

-

-

-

-

~

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A -8. W eekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978— Continued
W
eekly earnings
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
t

i

110
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

s

S

s

S

s

s

s

$

$

$

*

S

$

1

s

4

S

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

8
5

5
5

9
9

23
14

16
13

5
4

7
4

5
3

14
3

8

-

-

1
1

-

-

*

1
1

19
17
2

39
34
5

37
29
8

98
56
42

60
35
25

45
19
26

49
29
20

52
20
32

83
35
48

45
41
4

6
4
2

2
2
-

-

-

27
23

20
18

48
39

30
24

15

20
16

15
12

13
8

38
38

6
4

2
2

-

12

17
11
6

50
17
33

30
11
19

30

29
13
16

37

70
27
43

7
3
4

_

_

_

and
unde r

120

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$
$
$
195.50 1 8 1 . 5 0 - 2 3 7 . 5 0
185.00 1 7 9 . 5 0 - 1 9 9 . 0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------

103
62

3 9 .5
40.3

2 0 5 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

567
350
217

3 9 .5
40.0
39.0

2 0 6 .5 0 199.00
2 0 3 . OU 190.00
2 1 2 .5 0 208 .00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------

2 36
192

4 0 . 0 2 1 1 .0 0
4 0 . Q 2 1 2 .5 0

195.00
190.50

1 8 1 .50 -2 40 .00
181.00 -2 49 .50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

331
158
173

3 9 . 5 2 0 3 .5 0 2 03 .00
4 0 . 0 1 9 1 .5 0 184.00
3 9 . 0 2 1 5 .0 0 2 13 .50

181 . 0 0 - 2 3 5 . 5 0
156 .00 -2 19 .53
1 9 0 .00 -2 47 .50

181 . 0 0 - 2 3 6 . 5 0
173 .00 -2 33 .00
187 .50 -2 38 .00

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

32
29
3

-

-

_

_

_

2

-

"

-

"

_

_

-

-

32
29
3

17
17

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




13

ii
i

8

ii

19

8

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A -9 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers—large establishments
in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
W ee k ly earnings1

N
Occupation and industry division

of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Average
weekly

s

Mean2

(standard)

Middle range 2

Median 2

s

s

S

$

s

$

$

$

$

$

s

$

%

s

S

$

%

$

150

160

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

360

4 00

440

480

5 20

560

600

640

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

34 0

360

400

440

480

520

560

600

640

680

720

17

6

23

8

26

23

8

25

94
80

90

87
64

44
36

35
27

21
16

4

5

39
39

in

17

6
6

2
2

5
4

and
under
150

680

19
14

35
29

30
27

30
23

17
12

4
~

6
6

2
2

8 1
70

85
70

44
27

14
9

5
4

4
4

_

_

_

8
6

7
6

8
8

_

_

_

-

WO R K E R S

523
4 38

39.5
o

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S * -----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

4
?
O

ALL

s

s

140

$

$

420.50

414.00

368.00-467.00

413.50

408.50

355.00-461.00

$

$

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S * . C L A S S A ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

148
117

39.5
40.0

504.50
503.00

494.50
494.50

317
268

39.5
40.0

398.00
391.00

395.00
385.50

355.00-432.00
349.00-423.50

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S * . C L A S S C ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

58
53

40.0
40.0

331.00
328.50

295.50
295.50

259.00-409.00
259.00-413.00

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I n G ----------------------------------------------

1.135
1.036
99

40.0
40.0
40.0

372.00
378.50
301.50

358.00
366.00
307 . 0 0

314.50-410.50
323.00-425.00
265.50-343.00

C OMPUTE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

585
543

40.0
40.0

420.50
426.50

406.00
413.00

359.00-465.00
366.00-472.00

~

451.50-544.50
452.00-540.00

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S * . C L A S S B ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

“

C OMP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S * . ]
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

327
292

40.0
40.0

COMPU T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S * .
CLASS c :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------- [

201

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------------------------- j
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

515
4 24
91

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

~
“

~

_

_

-

~

_

_

_

-

_

_

~

11
3
8

16
8
8

-

-

_

_

_

305.00-376.00
310.50-381.00

40.0

303.00

297.00

279.00-335.00

-

-

-

40.0
40.0
39.5

269.00
271 . 0 0
259.50

269.00
269.50
262.00

235.00-313.00
235.00-318.00
219.50-290.50

-

2
2

14
14

2 54
219

40.0
40.0

292.50
293.00

290.00
290.00

262.00-319.50
261 . 0 0 - 3 2 1 . 5 0

-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

195
155

40.0
40.0

255.00
257.00

245.50
240.00

213.00-284.50
211.50-322.00

-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

66
50

39.5
40.0

217.50
217.50

205.00
20 5 . 5 0

180.50-258.00
172.00-243.50

-

D R A F T E R S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

666
584
82

40.0
40.0
39.0

263.00
265.00
246.00

253.00
253.00
249.50

220.00-304.00
220.00-308.00
215.50-272.00

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

256
2 38

40.0
40.0

314.50
317.00

318.00

277.00-353.50
282.50-355.50

_

2
2

3
2

13
13

7
7

25
25

39
39

_

17
17

6
5

10
10

1
1

1

24

65
50
15

90
79

121
108
13

162
144
18

220
215
5

123
120
3

87
87

ii

92
79
13

6
4

19
13

45
38

80
63

129
124

93
90

87
87

19
5

2

-

“

~

340.00
341.00

~

15
13

21
10

33
25

48
42

39
33

52
51

84
84

30
30

~

_

-

_

_

-

“
33
33

_

_

49
49

35
35

7
7

-

_
-

“

33
33

~

”

~

“

49
49

35
35

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

_

_

-

-

-

1

6

6

40

50

24

37

30

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
15
10

65
52
13

41
33
8

87
75
12

58
41
17

62
50
12

51
40
11

82
78
4

26
22
4

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

5
2

54
5 1

35
34

46
37

48
37

36
34

25
21

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

10
8

51
41

31

30
22

18
7

10
7

1
1

43
41

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

5

6
6

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100
85
15

66
47

50
44

42
41

34
34

53
53

-

-

19

6

53
45
8

25
24

24

25
19

39
36

39

34
34

53

2
2

14
14

15
7

H
10

5
4

1
1

-

46
29

101

103

-

17
17

93
8

95
8

-

-

-

17
-

-

17
16

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_
“

336.50
341.50

321.50

_

~

14

18

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

38

-

-

53

-

-

-

-

Table A -9 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers—large establishments
in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

workers

(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
s

Average
weekly

s

Medi an2

Middle range 2

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of -----

receiving

s

s

s

S

%

S

s

i

*

s

$

s

s

%

s

$

$

s

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

400

440

480

5 20

560

600

640

680

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

400

440

480

520

5 60

600

640

680

720

-

140
Mean2

s

2
2

53
52

61
55

57
47

35
22

24
24

14
9

3
3

and
under
150

ALL UOKKFRS—
CONTINUED

DRAFTERS -

CONTINUED

D R A F T E R S t C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

249
21k

39.5
40.0

$
244.50
242.00

$
24 2 . 5 0
238.50

$
$
221.00-264.50
217.00-263.00

D R A F T E R S t C L A S S C -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

116
93

39.5
40.0

212.00
215.50

212.00
217.50

190.50-223.50
200.00-237.00

1
1

13
13

26
9

33
28

21
20

14
14

7
7

1
1

-

-

“

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

2.308
2.293

40.0
40.0

271.50
271.00

266.00
265.00

225.00-312.00
225.00-311.00

-

-

17
17

130
1 30

296
296

3 34
3 34

28 5
28 5

279
279

226
226

224
224

149
149

193
192

163
161

12
“

ELECTRONICS TE C H N IC IA N S . CLASS AM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

872
860

40.0
40.0

322.50
321.50

322.00
321.00

293.00-351.00
292.50-349.00

-

-

-

_

-

-

6
6

36
36

84
84

131
131

157
157

130
130

155
155

161
161

12
-

ELECTRONICS TE C H N IC IA N S . CLASS BM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

8 39
837

40.0
40.0

259.50
259.50

254.00
254.00

233.00-278.00
233.00-277.50

91
91

54
54

19
19

37
37

2

-

ELECTRONICS TE C H N IC IA N S . CLASS C M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

597
596

40.0
40.0

214.00
214.00

210.00
210.00

200.00-225.00
200.00-225.00

4

13
13

_

_

-

-

2
2

43
43

212
212

21 0
210

169
169

17
17

128
128

253
253

116
116

39
39

26
26

_

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .




15

4

_

1

""

”
-

-

-

“
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

Table A-10. Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x large establishments in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
Average
( mean2)
Sex, 3 oc c up a ti o n,

and in du s tr y di vis io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

(standard]

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

:
NONMA NU FA CTU RI NG

-

Sex, 3 o c c up at io n,

WOMEN

and i n d u s t r y d i vi s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WO ME N — C O N T I N U E D

-----------------------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S . C LA SS BI
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

621

40.0

233.00

n o n m a nu fac tur in g

S e x , 3 occupation,

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

and in d u s t r y d ivi sio n

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

:
-----------------------------------------------

94
55

39.5
40.0

202.00
189.50

COMPUTER

OPERATORS

-

CONTINUED

COMPUTER
40.0

270.50
-----------------------------------------------

461
192

39.5
39.0

40.0

222.00

A

---------------

199
176

40.0
40.0

$
292.50
291.50

OPERATORS.

CLASS

B

---------------

131

214.50

ENTRY

OPERATORS.

CLASS

258.50

---------------------------------------------------------

1,926

270.00
269.00

ELECTRON ICS T E C H N I C I A N S , CLASS AM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

7 46
7 34

40.0
40.0

323.00
321 . 5 0

714
712

40.0
40.0

256.50
256.00

ELECTRONICS TE CH N IC IAN S. CLASS C M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

KEY

40.0
40.0

ELECTRONICS TE CH N IC IAN S. CLASS BM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------

c

284

CLASS

COMPUTER

140

OPERATORS.

481
480

40.0
40.0

209.50
209.00

C OMPUTE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

115

40.0

404.50
410.00

C OMPUTE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S C -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60

40.0

284.00

A:
166

STENOGRAPHERS

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

O
o
a
-

c l a s s

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S --------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

NONMA NU FA CTU RI NG
,

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Number
of
workers

$

s e c r e t a r i e s

s e c r e t a r i e s

Average
( mean2)

Average
( mean2)
Number
of
workers

------------------------------------------------------------------

188

40.0

MANUFACTURING

212.00

-------------------------------

111

40.0

224.00

----------------------------------

77

40.0

331
54

40.0
39.5

224 . 5 0
169.00

B --------------------------------------------------

89

39.5

270
167

39.5
39.0

208.00
216.00

195 . 0 0

T Y P I S T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

169 . 5 0

STENOGRAPHERS.

GENERAL

STENOGRAPHERS.

SENIOR

TYPISTS.

CLASS

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
OCCUPATIONS

COMPUTER
SWITCHBOARD

OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

ACCOUNTING C LER KS :
N ONMA NU FA CTU RI NG

-----------------------------------------------

ACCOUNTING C LER KS. CLASS B:
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

63

251

209

40.0

39.5

39.5

PROGRAMMERS

TECHNICAL
- MEN

(BUSINESS)

831

40. 0

382.50

168.00

201.00

200.50

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

C O M P U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S I .
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

448
421

40.0
40.0

427.00
432.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

363
297
66

40.0
40.0
39.5

274.00
277.00
261.00

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




--------

16

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom , and powerplant w orkers—large establishments
in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978




17

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of m aterial movement and custodial w orkers—large establishments
in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
Hourly earnings *

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f -----s

ALL

Mean 2

Medi an2

Middle range 2

$
3.20

%

s

*
5.20

$

s

$

$

$

s

s

9.00

~ i ------------ $
T
1
9.90 9 .6 0 9 .80 5 .00

s

3.60

*
9.20

$

3.90

$
3.80

%

3.00

5.90

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7 . 90

7.80

8.20

8 .60

9.00

3.00

workers

s

2.80

Occupation and industry division

3.20

3.90

3.60

3.80

9.00

9.20

9 .90

9.60

9.80

5 .20

5.90

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7.90

7.80

8.20

8 .60

9 .00

9.90

~

~

~

~

1
1

-

-

_

~

2
2

21

31
4

4
2

19
8

12
12

1
1

1
1

-

t

and
u n d er

WORKE RS

---------------------------------------------------------------------

160

$
8.63

$
9.09

$
8.84-

$
9.29

“

~

~

~

“

2

2

R E C E I V E R S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

104
59

7.75
7.88

7 •8 0
8.00

7.7 38.00-

8.00
8.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N --------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

322
167

6.09
7.61

5.96
7.79

9.187.70-

8.17
8.29

-

----------------------------------------------------------------------

119
66

6.26

6.85
5.58

9.789.55-

7.66
6.89

-

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

202
161

7.20
7.01

7.66
7.35

6.706.70-

7.66
7.66

GUARDS

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

323

5.85

5.85

4.49-

B -----------------------------------------------------

166

<*.52

9.53

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . A N D C L E A N E R S -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

772
917
355

5.20
5.59

5.07
5.97
9.75

TRUCKDRIVERS

m a t e r ia l

h a n d l in g

l a b o r e r s

NONMANUFACTURING

GUARDS*

CLASS

5.00

5.78

9.75

“
-

“

_

~

-

-

“

16

7

6

“

4

-

-

7.32

-

3.86-

5.09

4.399.609.00-

5.99
6.70
5.58

”
56

~

”

-

6

2

“

4

4

2

15

-

_

2

1

49

26

21

-

"
3
2

5

2

-

-

-

-

10

26

20

-

-

fc
6

2
2

1

2

1
1

81
81

_

_

-

-

6

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

4

4

4
4

2
2

51
9

-

6
6

95
95

10
9

83
77

-

-

14

7

8

132

1

9

-

-

-

12

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

71
26
95

6^

50

73

53

_

_

_

_

_

17
95

97
3

73

53

_

_

_

_

_

5
5

-

-

29

_

29
9

11

5

12

20

9

11

5

55
25
30

37
29
8

91
13
28

61
31
30

~

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

29

29

16

5

21

20

-

-

-

-

29

29

16

5

21

2

19
10

12
8

79

4

4

52
27
25

35
20

2

30
5
25

44

-

6
2

13
31

18

4

15

18
56

-

-

ii
ii

1
1

_

120

70
61

5
5

1
1

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




12

-

_

31

-




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material m ovem ent, and custodial workers, by s e x large establishments in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
Sex, 3 occup ati on,

and indus try division

Number
of
w
orkers

Average
>

hourly
earnings'

Sex,

HA I N T E N A N C I » T O O L R O O M » ANO
P OU ER P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN

occupation,

180
157

$
8.96
8.94

MAI N TE NA NC E MECHANI CS ( H A C H I N E R Y l M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

113
113

8.30
8.30

MATERIAL

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

184
184

9.79
9.79

fo o tn o te s

w areh o usem en

:

100
55

7
7

74
87

165

$
7.63

---------------

107

6.30

--------------------------------------

56

5.75

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

196
155

7.24
7.05

GUAROS

M A T E R I A L M O V E ME N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N

S ee

Average
Number (mean^)
of
hourly
workers earnings 4

M A T E R I A L M O V E ME N T AND C U S T O D I A L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN--CONTINUED

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

R E C E I V E R S ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG

and in du str y division

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

277

5.87

J A N I T O R S ? P O R T E R S ? AND C L E A N E R S :
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

311

4.67

N ONMA NU FA CTU RI NG
HANDLING

LABORERS

N ONMA NU FA CTU RI NG

at end o f ta b le s .

19

--------------------------------------

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. M inim um entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

Other inexperienced clerical workers

M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m weekly straight-time s ala ry7

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 9 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

ESTABLISHMENTS

STUDIED

E S TA BLI SHM EN TS HAVING A S P E C I F I E D
M I N I M U M -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

*100.00
*105.00
*110.00
*115.00
*120.00
*125.00
*130.00
*135.00
*140.00
*145.00
*150.00
*155.00
*160.00
*165.00
*170.00
*175.00
*180.00
*185.00
*190.00
*195.00
*200.00
$205.00
*210.00

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
A NO
AND
AND
A NO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

* 1 0 5 . 0D
*110.00
*115.00
*120.00
*125.00
*130.00
*135.00
$140•00
*145.00
*150.00
*155.00
*160.00
*165.00
*170.00
*175.00
*180.00
*185.00
*190.00
*195.00
*200.00
*205.00
*210.00
*215.00

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

45

XXX

98

XXX

143

45

XXX

98

XXX

36

14

13

22

20

51

24

22

27

24

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
2

1
1
5
2
2
1
2
2
2
1

_

2
1
2
3
2

~
2
4
1
5
2
2

1
1
1
1
2
2

1
~
1
1
1
2
2

~

-

1
2

1
2

2
3
1
4
1
1
2
1
1
2
1

1

-

-

1

i

1
1

1

-

1

-

_

_

-

4
3
1
3
3

1
1

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V I N G NO S P E C I F I E D
M I N I M U M --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

17

4

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S UH I CH D I D NOT EMPLOY
W O R K E R S I N T H I S C A T E G O R Y -----------------------------

9U

27

1
1

2
3
1
3
1
1
2
1
1
2
i

_

_
-

1
3
5
3
4

4
4
6
5
3

4
3
2

-

-

5
1

2
-

-

1
2
3
2
4
3
2
~
2

3
i

1
4
2
2
1
2
2
2
1
~
3
i
i

2

1

-

1

2
1

_

-

2

i

”

_

-

~

1

:
~

“

“

i

-

-

-

1

i

1

1

1
1

1
*

XXX

13

XXX

32

10

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

63

XXX

60

11

XXX

49

XXX

at end o f t a b le s .




A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 9 >f—

143

1
1
1

See fo o tn o te s

40

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

20




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-tim e manufacturing production
and related workers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
( A l l f u l l - t i m e m a n u f a c t u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n a n d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t )
W o r k e r s on late shifts

A l l w o r k e r s 10
Sec on d shift

PERCENT
IN

ESTABLISHMENTS

WITH

OF

AVERAGE

PAY

shift

Sec on d shift

Third

shift

WORKE RS

LATE

SHIFT

PROVISIONS

W I T H NO P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F OR L A T E S H I F T WORK
W I T H P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T WORK —
U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------O T H E R D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------------------------------------------------

UNIFORM
UNI FORM

Third

98.1

88.1

19.4

7 .7

98.1
30.0
66 . 4
1 .7

88.1
11.7
44.8
31.6

19.4
5.3
13.7
.3

7.7
1 .6
3.3
2.8

21.1
9.1

25.1
12.3

20.5
9*2

21.7
11.9

DIFFERENTIAL

C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------------------P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------------P E R C E N T O F WO R K E R S B Y T Y P E A N D
AMOUNT OF P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L

UNI FORM
10
15
20
25
30
32
40
45
UNIFORM
4
5
6
8
10
12
15

CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS

c e n t s

pe r - h o u r :
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

:
P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AND U N D E R 1 3 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------P E R C E N T ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5 .2
7.1
.8
12.0
1 .9
2.5
.5

4.5
4.8
.5
1.9

*8
1.4
.4
2.1
.2
.4
-

.8
-

~

.1

.7
-

p e r c e n ta g e

OTHER D I F F t ' K t N T I A L :
f u l l u a y » s r a y Ku R ' F i l l j O 0
F u l l u AYI S HAY FA- •tOUCt' J
' t UMLLU
FlJLL DAY' S RAY F >
PLUS PE A L E U T --------

2.7
6 .8
4.3
52 . 5
-

H -.A J R S -------------------------------nu.JKS

_

2.7
10.8
15.5
15.8

2.3

PLUS CENTS-

1.7

lb.O

*

13.3

*3
1.4
*9
11.0
"

_
.3

_
.2
1.1
1 .0
1.0

.2
2.3

iuJ-tS

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .

21

.3

Table B-3. Scheduled w eekly hours and days of full-tim e first-shift workers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
P ro d uc t i on and related w o r k e r s

Office w o rk e rs

Item
A l l industries

P E R C E N T OF WORKE RS B Y
W E E K L Y H O U R S AND
ALL
15
25
30
35
36
37
38
38
AO

A2
A8
55

FULL-TIHE

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu bl ic utilities

A l l industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

SCHEDULED
DAYS

WORKE RS

----------------------------------

H O U R S - 3 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------------------HOU RS - * * 1 / 2 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------3 / A H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------8 / 1 0 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ----------------------------------------------H O U R S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A D A Y S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 D A Y S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 1 / 2 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------

100
1
1
1
1
4
89
1
88
(12)
1
2

100
_

1
1
2

100

100

-

4
-

100

_
(12)

100

100

_

_

-

-

(12)

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

(12)
5
(12)
1
93

1
5

94

-

-

94

8
100
-

92
-

84
3
81
(12)
3

100
-

93

3

“

AO.2

39.0

92
-

100

-

-

-

-

-

39.8

39.8

92
-

100
100
-

-

AO.O

6
(12 )
2
92

-

-

-

~

AVERAGE S CHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
WORK

SCHEDULES

-------------------------------

39.8

See footnote at end of tables.




22

39.8

O

WEEKLY

O

ALL

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-tim e workers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l at e d w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Item
A l l industries

PERCENT

OF

Manufacturing

P u bl ic utilities

N o n m anufacturing

100

100

4

-

96

100

10.2

-------------------

100

1

-

99

100

9.7

10.1

8.7

FULL-TIME

WORKE RS

IN

AVERAGE

NUMBER

F OR WORKE RS
PROVIDING

OF

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu bl ic utilities

WORKERS

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
P A I D H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------

ALL

A l l industries

PAID

100

100

100

100

100

(12)

-

(12 )

-

99

100

99

100

9.7

10.0

9 .A

9.9

HOLIDAYS

IN ESTABLISHMENTS
H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------------------

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIOED
A HALF DAYS ----------------------------------------------------2 HOLID AYS -------------------------------------------------------PLUS A HALF DAYS --------------------------------3 HOLID AYS -------------------------------------------------------5 HOLID AYS -------------------------------------------------------6 HOLID AYS -------------------------------------------------------7 HOLI DA YS -------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF 0 A Y ----------------------------------8 HOLI DA YS -------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF OAY ----------------------------------9 HOLID AYS -------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF OAY ----------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS --------------------------------10 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ----------------------------------11 HOLI DA YS ----------------------------------------------------12 HOLI DA YS ----------------------------------------------------13 HOLI DA YS ----------------------------------------------------1A HOLI DA YS -----------------------------------------------------19 HOLI DA YS -----------------------------------------------------

1
1
(12)
2
4
( 12)
11
(12)
28
1
2
26
(12)
12
6
2

2
-

( 12)
12

~

28
2
3
29

~

1A
9
-

3

4

99
98
97
96
94
90
90
79
79
51
50
22
11
5
3
3

100
100
100
100
100
100
99
88
88
60
58
26
12
4
4
A

:

2
1

(12 )

(12)

-

6
10

~
4
(12)
8

8
1
27

21
(12)
7
1
6

59
20
8

1
1
3
11
(12)
15
5
1
42
1
12
7
1
(12)

( 12 )
7

-

19
i
i
A7
13
11
-

*

36
2
10
(12)
3

5
4
5

72
13
1

(12)
-

-

-

1
3
7
17
1
10
10

-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TO TA L
P AI D HOLIDAY TIM E P R O V ID E D 13
2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------A 0 AYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------11 DAYS OR HORE ------------------------------------------12 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------13 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------1A DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------19 DAYS ----------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

96
93
91
88
82
72
72
6A
63
36
36
15
7
6

96
96
88
88
28
8

at end o f t a b le s .




23

99
99
99
99
99
98
95
8A
83
68
63
20
8
1
(12)

100
100
100
100
100
100
99
93
93
7A
73
25
12
(12)
(12)

99
99
99
99
98
95
89
72
71
61
51
13
3
3
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
95
91
86
86
1A
1
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e workers in San Jose, C alif., March 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

Office w orke rs

Ite m
A l l industries

PERCENT
ALL

OF

FULL-TIME

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

P u bl ic utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1

_

_

-

-

-

A l l industries

Manufacturing

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

P u blic utilities

WORKERS

WO R K E R S

—

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I O V A C A T I O N S --------------------------------------------IN ES TA BLI S HM EN TS PR OV ID IN G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S --------------------------------------------L E N G T H - O F - T I M E P A Y M E N T ---------------P E R C E N T A G E P A Y M E N T ----------------------------O T H E R P A Y M E N T ---------------------------------------------

100

IN

1

2

100
91
9

99
9A
5
(12)

100
100
-

100
99
(12)
(12)

100
100
-

100
99
1
(12 >

100
100

MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
U N O E R 1 WE E K ----------------------------------1 WE E K ------------------------------------------------------O V E R I AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------

6
A9
3
(12 )

7
56
4
( 12 >

4
37
1

3
51
-

3
63
7
1

4
62
9
1

1
63
A

1
74

YEAR OF S E R V I C E :
U N O E R 1 WE E K -----------------------------------1 WE E K ------------------------------------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N O E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------A W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------5 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------

(12 )
23
(12)
73
1
1
(12)
1

(12)
15
-

( 12 )
2
-

81
2
1
( 12 )
1

(12)
7
(12)
83
4
5

----------------------------------------------------

2
(12)
90
3
3
(12)
1

2
( 12 )
89
4
4
( 12 )
1

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WE E K ------------------------------------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N O E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R < W E E K S
t
A W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------5 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------

(12)
(12)
88
7
3
C12 )
1
1

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WE E K ------------------------------------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 ANO U N D E R A WE E K S
A W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------5 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------

(12)
(12)
87
7
4
(12)
1
1

OF

PAIO

VACATION

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WE E K -------------------------------------------------------

5

A

WEEKS

_

~

_

.

37
1
59
i
2

29
3
60

-

-

3
-

-

3
5

85
9
4
( 12)
1

~
85
9
A
( 12)
1

92
2
2
-

89
6
5
-

~

“

“

_

_

1
(12)
93
2
1
1
1

84
4
-

1
(12)
91
2
3
1
1

84
4
-

'

-

6
5

-

6
5

at end o f ta b le s .




-

(12)
(12)
88
5
5
1

"
See fo o tn o te s

-

A F T E R : 14

O V E R 1 AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 ANO U N O E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------A W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------

3

-

99
92
8
<12 )

AMOUNT

6

(12)

24

(12)
88
5
3
( 12)
3

(12)
88
5
4
(12)
3
(12)

-

"

_
15
( 12 )
80
1
5

85
7
6
-

-

(12 )
93
2

( 12)
( 12 )
8A
8
6
2

_
20
1
77
1
1
-

.

'

5

_
84
8
3
5

8A
8
3
~
5

-

*

(12 )
93
2
5
(12 >
(12 )

( 12 >
92
2
6
( 12 )
(12 )
(12 )

97
2
1
-

_

97
(12)
2
1

97
(12)
2
1

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e workers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t i o n and r el a t e d w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l industries

A MO U N T OF P A I D
CONTINUED

5

10

12

15

20

VACATION

A F T E R 14

(12)
(12)
46
5
47
(12)
(12)
1

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 W E E K ------------------------------------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S
4 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 4 ANO U N D E R 5 W E E K S
5 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 W E E K S

(12)
(12)
6
(12)
64
10
15
2
1
(12)

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WE E K ------------------------------------------------------2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 . AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 ANO U N D E R 4 W E E K S
4 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 4 AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S
5 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 W E E K S

(12)
6
(12 )
61
10
19
2
1
(12)

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
1 WE E K ------------------------------------------------------2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S
4 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 4 ANO U N D E R 5 W E E K S
5 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 W E E K S

(12)
6
(12 )
33
(12)
57
2
1
(12)

S e e fo o tn o te s

Nonmanufacturing

(12)

6
(12 )
14
61
2
16
(12 )
(12)

7
43
-

1
(12)
40
3
53
1
1

1

“

49

_
5
-

69
20
6
5
“

_

A l l industries

Manufacturing

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

1

_

(12 )
37
3
60
(12 )
(12)
(12 )

_

_

_

-

Publ ic utilities

63
4
24
1
3
(12)

54
6
28
1
5

_

86
~
11
2
1

(12 )
7

.

1
78
(12)
10
1
-

~

(12)
5

33
18
43
~

( 12)
6
-

-

8

57
15
18
3
1

-

(12)
35
12
50
(12)
( 12)
3

5

1
(12)

78
11
6
-

6
-

75
(12)

-

95

17
( 12 )
(12 )
( 12 )

~
2
2
i

_

'
_

_

~
-

6
-

6
-

7

74
-

22
3
1

1
8
i
73
(12)
15
1
-

48
8
32
1
5

“

1

5

58
5
26
1
3
(12)

72
1
19
( 12 )
(12)
( 12 )

5
54
14

_
5
37
54
3
1
”

_
5
16
65
3
11
-

15
6
-

90
7
2
~
1

'

8
-

(12)
27
(12)
62
1
-

9
-

80
6
-

1

5

_

1

-

8
(12)
11
52
-

(12 )
77
-

25
1
1

11
6
5

25

_

_

_

_

6

_

1

at end o f ta b le s .




P u bl ic utilities

-

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 U E E K ------------------------------------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S
4 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------5 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
1 WE E K ------------------------------------------------------2 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------4 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 4 AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S
5 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D F R 6 W E E K S
O V E R 6 AND U N D E R 7 W E E K S

Manufacturing

6

“

7
(12 )
20
{ 12 )
72
( 12 )
(12 )
( 12 )

10
~
87
2
1

_

_

_

_

6

6

(12)
9
73
(12)
11
(12)
(12)

8
71
1
14
-

7
(12 )
10
76

(12)
26
(12)
64
1
3
(12)

30
58
1
5

~

6
(12 )
(12 )

4
91
“
2
2
1

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e workers in San Jose, C a lif., March 1978— Continued
Office workers

Production and related workers
It e m

Al l industries

AMOUNT

OF

P A 10

VACATION

A F T E R 14

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

-

CONTINUED
25

30

YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
1 WE E K -------------------------------------------------------2 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------A W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R A ANO U N D E R 5 W E E K S
5 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 5 ANO U N O E R 6 W E E K S
6 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 6 AN O U N D E R 7 W E E K S

(12 >
6
14
A9
3
26
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEE K -------------------------------------------------------2 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------3 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 ANO U N O E R A W E E K S
A W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R A ANO U N O E R 5 WE E K S
5 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R 5 ANO U N O E R 6 W E E K S
6 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R 6 ANO U N O E R 7 W E E K S

(1 2 )
6
1A
(1 2)
A9
3
25
(12 )
2
(1 2 )

MAXI MUM V A C A T I O N A V A I L A B L E :
1 WE E K -------------------------------------------------------2 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------3 W E E K S -----------------------------------------------------O V E R 3 ANO U N O E R A W E E K S
A W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R A AND U N O E R 5 W E E K S
5 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N O E R 6 W E E K S
6 W E E K S ----------------------------------------------------O V E R 6 AND U N O E R 7 W E E K S

See

footnotes

at

end

(1 2)
6
1A
(12 )
A9
2
25
(12 )
3
(12 )

5
16
58
4
17
-

_
5
16
58
A
1A
-

3
“

_
5
16
58
3
15
-

3

1
8
ii
32
(12)
A5
1
1
1

-

(1 2 )
12
72
6
4
5
_

1
8
11
(12)
31
(12)
46
i
i
1

(1 2 )
8
76
6
4
5

_

i
8
ii
(12)
31
A3
1
3
1

-

(12 )
8
76
6
4
5

of tables.




26

6
9
55
2
28
(12)
( 12)
(12)
_

6
9
(12)
55
2
23
(12)
6
(12)
_

6
9
(12)
55
(12)
23
(12)
6
(12)

6
8
57
3
25
(1 2 )

_

6
8
57
3
16
10

"
-

6
8
“
57
1
18
10

7
10
52
(12 )
31
( 12 )
( 12 )
(12 1
_

7
10
( 12 )
51
(1 2 )
31
( 12 )
(1 2 )
(12 )
-

7
10
(12 )
51
31
(12 )
1
( 12 )

A
8
~
8A
2
(1 2 )
1
-

4
5
~
88
2
(1 2 )
1
-

4
5
“
88
2
(1 2 )
1

Table B-6. H ealth, insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e workers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
Production and related workers

Office workers

Item
All industries

PERCENT

OF

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

UORKERS

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

I N E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G AT
L E A S T ONE OF T H E B E N E F I T S
S H O U N B E L O U 1 5 ----------------------------------------------------

99

100

99

100

99

100

99

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -----------------------

98
86

99
96

96
67

97
84

99
89

100
99

99
77

99

A C C I D E N T A L D E A T H AND
D I S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E ------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -----------------------

90
80

94
90

63
60

84
84

88
80

83
82

93
77

88

SICKNESS
OR S I C K

89

89

89

100

99

99

99

100

32
29

28
22

38
26

68
55

32
20

27
15

38
25

82
71

59

69

42

41

91

98

82

31

(1 2)

16

69

ALL

FULL-TIME

UORKERS

—

AND A C C I D E N T I N S U R A N C E
L E A V E OR B O T H > < > -------------------

S I C K N E S S AND A C C I D E N T
I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------S I C K L E A V E ( F U L L P A Y A N D NO
U A I T I N G P E R I O D ) --------------------------------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L P A Y OR
U A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ---------------------------------------

24

14

42

59

7

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------------

53
32

63
38

35
21

76
72

72
4b

73
45

70
45

87
82

H O S P IT A L IZ A T IO N INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS —

99
84

100
89

99
75

100
87

99
72

100
87

99
52

100
89

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E ------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS —

99
84

100
89

99
75

100
87

99
72

100
87

99
52

100

----------------------PLANS -

99
84

100
89

98
75

100
87

99
72

100
87

99
52

100
89

97
81

96
85

99
74

100
d7

99
72

100
87

99
52

100
89

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E -------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS —

81
75

84
80

76
65

100
87

77
64

88
78

63
44

100
84

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N -------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -

71
66

67
63

80
71

92
88

68
60

60
53

80
69

88
88

MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY

MAJOR M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




27

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-tim e workers in San Jose, C alif., M arch 1978
Pro d uc t io n and related w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Manufacturing

A l l industries

Manufacturing

A l l industries

Item
All
plans 1
7

TYPE

OF
OF

A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E I S R A S E O ON A S C H E D U L E
W H I C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R A M O U N T OF
I N S U R A N C E F O R A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H OF S E R V I C E :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 1 8 ------------------------A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E O 19 A F T E R :
6
MONT HS OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------1 Y E A R OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------M I O O L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------5 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------2 0 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I O O L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------

footnotes

at

All
p l a n s 17

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
p l a n s 17

Noncontributory
p l a n s 17

All
p l a n s 17

Noncontributory
p l a n s 17

P L A N AND A M O U N T
INSURANCE

A L L F U L L - T I h E W O R K E R S A R E P R O V I D E D T H E S AME
F L A T - S U M DOLLAR AMOUNT:
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S ---------------A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D : •
’
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ----------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------

See

Noncontributory
p l a n s 17

end

42
*6.500
*6.000
*3.000-10.000
*2.000-10.000

9

40
*6.700
*6,000
*3.000-10.000
*1.500-10.000

9

35
*7.900
*7.500
*5.000-10.000
*2.000-10.000

12

12

33
*6 .2 0 0
$ 5 t 000
*9 . 0007,0 0 0
*2.000-10,000

29
*5.700
*5.000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 7.000
*2.000-10.000

10

10

29
*5.800
*5.000
*5.000-10,000
*2.000-10.000

16

29
*5,800
*5.000
$ 5 Y 0 0 0 - 1 0 y OOO
*2,000-10,000

16

*5.300
*7.500
*1.000- 7.500
*1.000- 7.500

*5.300
*7.500
* 1 .0 0 0 - 7.500
* 1 .0 0 0 - 7.500

(6 >
<6 >
(6 I
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
>
)

*5,000
(6 )
(6 )
(6)

*5.000
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
>
>

(6
(6
(6
(6

>
)
)
)

*6.900
*9.000
*3.000- 9,000
*3.000- 9,000

$6 ?9 0 0
*9.00 0
*3 . 00 0- 9 .0 0 0
*3 , 0 0 0 - 9 .0 0 0

(6 )
<6 )
<6 >

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
>

$6 t 700
(6 >
(6)
(6)

*6.700
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

>
)
)
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

*19,500
*15.000
*15 . 0 0 0 - 1 5 , 0 0 0
$ 1 0 y0 0 0 - 1 5 y 000

*19.500
*15.000
*15.000-15.000
*10.000-15.000

(6 )
(6 )
(6 >
(61

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
>
)

*15.000
(6 >
(6 )
(6)

*15.000
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6
(6
(6
<6

)
>
)
>

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
)
)

*16.200
*15.000
*15.000-20,000
*10.000-20.000

*16.200
*15.000
*15.000-20.000
*10,000-20.000

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
)
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

(
>
>
>

*16.900
(6)
(6)
(6)

*16.900
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6
(6
(6
<6

)
)
>
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
>
)

*17.300
$ 15 t 0 0 0
$15 1 0 0 0 - 2 3 t 300
*10.000-23,300

*17.300
*15.000
$15f000-23t300
*10,000-23.300

(6
<6
(6
(6

>

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
>
)

*18,200
(6)
<6 )
(6)

$ 18 y 2 0 0

(6
(6
<6
(6

)
)
)
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
>
)

(6 )

)

>
)

of tables.




35
*7 » 9 0 0
*7.500
*5.000-10.000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 10.000

28

(6)
(6)
(6)

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-tim e workers in San Jose, C a lif., March 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s tr ie s
A ll
plans 1
7

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plan s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1

A l l in d u s tr ie s

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plans 1
7

A ll
plan s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p lan s 1
7

T Y P E OF P L A N A N D A M O U N T
OF I N S U R A N C E - C O N T I N U E D

A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
W H I C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE f o r a s p e c i f i e d
amount
of
e a r n i n g s :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 1 8 --------------------------A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E P R 0 V I D E D 19 I F :
A N N U A L E A R N I N G S ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------A N N U A L E A R N I N G S ARE * 1 0 . 0 0 0 1
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------M I O O L E R A N G E < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------AN NU A L E A R N I N G S ARE * 1 5 , 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------A N N UA L E A R N I N G S ARE * 2 0 , 0 0 0 1
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------M I D O L E R A N G E < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------

N S U R A N C E I S E X P R E S S E D AS A F A C T O R OF
R N I N G S : 20
O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 1 8 -----------------------------OF A N N U A L E A R N I N G S U S E D T O C A L C U L A T E
t
of
i n s u r a n c e : 19 20
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E O I A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------------M I O O L E R A N G E < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S C O V E R E D BY
P L A N S N O T S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M A M O U N T OF
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S C O V E R E O BY
P L A N S S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M A M O U N T OF
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E O M A X I M U M A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E : 19
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D O L E R A N G E < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------------M I O O L E R A N G E < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------------

11

*13>400

*7

* 000

.000-12.500
.000-60.000

*14.200
*7.000
*7.000-12.500
*2.500-60.000

*14.700
*7.000
*7.000-12.500
*2.500-60.000

*10.500
* 1 0 .0 0 0

*10.500
* 10.000

*14.700
*7.000
*7.000-12.500

* 2 . 500- 60.0 0 0
*10.500

of

OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D
p l a n :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E

ON

S O ME

OTHER

*7.900
*7.000
.000- 7,000
.000-11.000

*7.700
*7.000
* 5 ,0 0 0 - 7,000
*3.000-12.500

*8.100
*7.000
* 7 .0 0 0 - 7.000
* 3 .0 0 0 - 7.000

*8.100
*7.000
*7.000- 7.000
*3.000- 7.000

$ 1 1 t700
$10*000
$10*000-10*000
$3*000-25*000

*9.400
*10.000
*10.000-10.000
*3.000-10.000

*9.400
*10.000
*10.000-10.000
*3.000-10.000

* 10. 000- 10.000

* 10 . 00 0 - 1 0 .0 00

* 1 0.0 00
* 1 0 . 000 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

*1 0 . 000- 2 0 .0 0 0

*5.000-12.500

*5.000-12.500

*5.000-12.500

*12.400
*10.000
.000-20.000
.000-25.000

.000-28.000

*15.500
*15.000
*15.000-16.500
*7.500-20.000

*14.700
*15.000
*15.000-15.000
*7.500-16.500

*14,700
*15.000
*15.000-15.000
*7.500-16.500

119 t 400
$ 15 t 0 0 0
tOOO— 2 0t 000
* 5 0 0 - 3 7 t 500

*18.600
*15.000
*15.000-20.000
*5.000-37.500

*13.200
*15.000
*15.000-15.000
*5.000-15.000

*13.200
*15.000
*15.000-15,000
*5.000-15.000

*24.200
* 2 0 .0 0 0
* 2 0 . 000- 22.0 00
*15 . 0 0 0 - 5 0 . 0 0 0

* 20.000
* 2 0 . 000 - 2 0 .0 00
*10 . 0 0 0 - 2 2 .0 00

*18.500
* 2 0 .0 00
*15.000-20.000

*18.500
* 20.000
*15,000-20.000

* 10. 000- 22.000

* 10 . 000- 22.000

*25.900
*20.000
.000-30.000
.000-50.000

*24,800
*20.000
*20.000-30,000
*10,000-50.000

*17.400
*20.000
* 1 5 . OOC— 2 0 . 0 0 0
*10.000-20.000

*17.400
*20.000
*15.000-20.000
*10.000-20,000

*18.500
*15.000

. 0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

*20.700

4 1

1.61
1.50

1.61
1.50

1.59
1.50

1.64
1.50

1. 00- 2 .0 0

1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

1. 00- 2 .0 0

1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

1.00-3.00

.50-3.00

.50-3.00

.50-3.00

38

45

44

1 .8 8
2 .0 0

1 .8 8
2 .0 0

2.09

2 .1 0
2 .0 0

1.53-2.00
1.00-3.00

21

8
*205.200
*250.000
*100.000-300.000
*50.000-300.000

*214
*250

200

000
10b.000 3 0 0 . 0 0 0
*50.000 -300.000

*240.300
*227.400
*300.000
*250.000
1 0 0 .0 0 0 - 300.000 *250.000-300.000
1 0 0 .0 0 0 - 300.000 1 0 0.000-300,000

20
> 1 9 9 v 100
I250tJOb
t 0 0 0 - 3 0 0 10 0 0
10 0 0 - 3 0 0 * 0 0 0

1.50-2.00
1.00-3.00

18

20
*201.300
*250.000
*100.000-300.000
*75.000-300.000

2^00
1.50-3.00
1.00-3.00

22

24
*249.900
*300.000
*250.000-300.000
*100.000-300.000

1.50-3.00
1 .00-3.00

21

23
*254.000

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

TYPE
3

W O R K E R S 1 8 ------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




11

ii

*12.600
* 10.000
*10 . 0 0 0 - 1 2 . 5 0 0

AMOU NT OF I
ANNUAL EA
PERCENT
FACTOR
A MO U N

AMOUNT

10

29

2

3

3

Footnotes

Some of these standard footnotes m ay not apply to this bulletin.

1 Includes payments other than "length o f t i m e , " such as percenta ge
4
of annual earnings or fl a t - s u m paym ents, converted to an equivalent time
b a s is ; fo r example, 2 percent of annual earnin gs w as consid ered as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e rio d s of serv ice are chosen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r il y re fle ct
individual provisions fo r p ro g re ss io n ; fo r ex am p le, changes in proportions
at 10 y ears include changes between 5 and 10 y e a r s . Estim ate s are cu m ula­
tive. Thu s, the proportion eligible fo r at least 3 w e e k s ' pay after 10 y e a r s
includes those eligible for at least 3 w e e k s ' pay aft er fe w e r y e a r s of s e rv i c e .
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit ar e fo r all plans fo r which
5
at least a part of the cost is borne by the em p lo y er.
"Noncontributory
pla n s" include only those financed ent irely by the em p lo y er. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as w o r k e r s ' disability compensation, so cial s e ­
curity, and ra ilro ad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s re ceiv ing sick leave o r sickness and
6
accident insurance shown sep arat ely be low . Sick leave plans are lim ited to
those which definitely establish at least the m in im um n u m b er of d ay s' pay
that each employee can expect. Info rm al sick leave allo w ances deter mined
on an individual bas is ar e excluded.
1 Estimates under " A l l p lan s" relate to all plans fo r which at least
7
a part of the cost is borne by the em p lo y er. E s tim a tes under " N o n c o n t r i b ­
utory p la n s" include only those financed entir ely by the e m p lo y er.
*8 F o r " A l l in d u s t r i e s ," all fu ll-t im e production and related w o r k e r s
o r office w o rk e rs equal 100 percent.
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " all fu ll-t im e
production and related w o rk e rs or office w o r k e r s in manu facturing equal 100
percent.
1 The mean amount is computed by multiplying the nu m b er of work ers
9
provided insurance by the amount of in su ra nce p rovid ed, totaling the p r o d ­
ucts, and dividing the sum by the nu m b er of w o r k e r s . The med ian indicates
that half of the w o rk e rs are provided an amount equal to o r s m a l l e r and half
an amount equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown. Mid dle range (50 p e r ­
cent)— a fourth of the w o rk e rs ar e pro vid ed an amount equal to o r less than
the s m a l l e r amount and a fourth ar e p ro v id ed an amount equal to o r m o re
than the l a r g e r amount. Middle range (80 perce nt)— 10 perce nt of the w o r k ­
e r s ar e provided an amount equal to o r le s s than the s m a l l e r amount and 10
percent are provided an amount equal to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount.
2 A factor of annual earnings is the nu m b e r by which annual earnin gs
0
are multiplied to determine the amount of in sura n ce provided. F o r exam p le,
a factor of 2 indicates that for annual earnin gs of $ 10,000 the amount of
insurance provided is $ 20,000.

1 Standard hours re fle ct the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ceiv e
th eir r e g u la r straig h t-t im e s a l a r i e s (exclusive of pay fo r o vert im e at r e g ­
ul ar and/or p r e m i u m ra tes ), and the earnings co rrespo nd to these weekly
hours.
2 The mean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings of
all w o r k e r s and dividing by the num ber of w o r k e r s .
The median d e s i g ­
nates position— half of the w o r k e r s re ceiv e the same o r m o r e and half r e ­
ceive the same o r less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn the sam e o r less than
the l o w e r of these rates and a fourth earn the same o r m o re than the
higher rate.
3 E arn in gs data relate only to w o r k e r s whose sex identification was
provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes p re m i u m pay fo r overtime and fo r w o rk on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
5 E stim ate s fo r peri ods ending p r i o r to 1976 relate to men only fo r
skilled maintenance and unskilled plant w o r k e r s .
A l l other estimates r e ­
late to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication c r it e r ia or data not availa ble .
7 F o r m a l l y esta blished m in imum r e g u l a r s traig h t-t im e hiring s a l ­
a r ie s that ar e paid fo r standard work w eeks.
8 E xcludes w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 Data are presented fo r all standard work weeks combined, and for
the most common standard w o rk w eeks reported.
1 Includes all production and related w o r k e r s in es tablishm ents
0
currently operating late shifts, and es tablishments whose fo r m a l pro visio ns
cover late shifts, even though the es tablishments w e r e not cu rrently
operating late shifts.
1 L e s s than 0.05 percent.
1
1 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
2
1 A l l combinations of full and half days that add to the sam e amount;
3
fo r ex am ple, the proportion of w o r k e r s
receiving a total of 10 days
includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2
half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
P ro po rtio ns then
w e r e cumulated.




30

Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 75 1 areas currently surveyed, the B u r e a u obtains
w age s and re la ted benefits data fr o m representative es tablishm ents within
six b ro a d in dustry div ision s: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; w ho lesale trade; retail trade; finance, insuran ce,
and re a l estate; and s e r v i c e s . Government operations and the construction
and ex tra ctiv e in du stries ar e excluded. Establishments having f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d nu m b e r of w o r k e r s ar e also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the nu mber
of esta blishments and w o r k e r s estimated to be within the scope of this
survey , as w e l l as the nu m b e r actually studied.
B u r e a u field representativ es obtain data by personal visits at 3- y e a r
in ter v als . In each of the two intervening y e a r s , information on employment
and occupational earnin gs only is collected by a combination of p erso nal
visit, m a i l que stio nnaire, and telephone interview fr o m establishments
part icipat ing in the p rev iou s survey .

A sam ple of the establishments in the scope of the sur vey is
sel ecte d f o r study p r i o r to each p erso nal visit survey.
This s am ple , less
es ta bli sh m ents which go out of busines s o r are no lon ger within the industrial
scope of the s urv ey , is retained fo r the following two annual surveys.
In
m ost c a s e s , es ta bli shm ents new to the a r e a ar e not considered in the scope
of the s urv ey until the selection of a sample fo r a p ers o n al visit survey.
The sam pli ng p ro c e d u r e s involve detailed stratification of all
es ta blish m en ts within the scope of an individual a rea sur vey by industry
and nu m b er of e m p lo y ees .
F r o m this stratified universe a probability
sam p le is selecte d, with each establishment having a p red ete rm in ed chance
of selection.
To obtain optimum acc ura cy at m in imum cost, a g r e a te r
pro portion of l a r g e than s m a l l establishments is selected.
When data are
combined, eac h es ta blishm en t is weighted according to its probabil it y of
selection so that un biased estimates are generated.
F o r exam ple, if one
out of fo ur es ta bli sh m ents is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to re pr es en t
it s elf plus thre e oth ers .
An alternate of the same o rigin a l p ro babil it y is
chosen in the sam e in d u s t r y - s i z e cl assification if data are not available
f r o m the o rig in a l sam ple m e m b e r .
If no suitable substitute is available,
additional weight is ass ign ed to a sample m e m b e r that is s im i la r to the
m is s in g unit.
* Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; N o rfolk —V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a .—N .C . ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of

the U. S. Department o f Labor.



Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected fo r study are common to a variety of m anufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing in dustri es, and ar e of the following types: (1)
Office c l e ri c a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) m a t e ri a l movement and custodial. Occupational
clas sification is b ased on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishmen t variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected fo r study are listed and d es crib ed in appendix B.
U nle ss otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles
ar e fo r all in dustries combined. Earn in gs data fo r some of the occupations
listed and d es crib ed, or f o r some industry divisions within the scope of the
survey, are not presented in the A - s e r i e s tables because either (1) em ploy­
ment in the occupation is too s m all to provide enough data to m er it p r e s e n ­
tation, o r (2) there is possib ili ty of d is closu re of individual establishment
data. Se parate m en's and w o m en 's earnings data ar e not presented when the
nu m ber of w o r k e r s not identified by sex is 20 percent o r m o re of the men
o r women identified in an occupation.
E arnings data not shown separately
fo r industry divisions are included in data fo r all industries combined.
L ik e w is e , fo r occupations with m o r e than one lev el, data are included in
the o v e r a ll cl assificati on when a subclassification is not shown or information
to su b clas s ify is not availa ble .
Occupational employment and earnings data ar e shown fo r fu ll-time
w o r k e r s , i. e . , those hired to w o rk a r e g u la r weekly schedule.
Earnings
data exclude p re m i u m pay f o r overt ime and fo r w o rk on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-l iv in g
allowan ces and incentive bonuses ar e included.
W eekly hours fo r office
c l e r i c a l and p ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations r e fe r to the standard
w ork w eek (rounded to the nea rest half hour) for which employees receive
re g u l a r s traig h t-t im e s a l a r i e s (exclusive of pay fo r overtime at re gu lar
and/or p re m i u m ra tes ).
A v e r a g e weekly earnings f o r these occupations
are rounded to the n ea res t half dollar. V e rt ic a l lines within the distribution
of w o r k e r s on some A - t a b l e s indicate a change in the size of the class
in tervals.
These surveys m e a s u re the lev el of occupational earnings in an area
at a p a rt ic u la r time. C om p aris ons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages fo r individual
jobs ar e affected by changes in w ages and employment patterns. F o r example,
proportions of w o r k e r s employed by high- o r l o w - w a g e fi rm s may change,
o r high-w age w o r k e r s m ay advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r ra tes.
Such shifts in employment could d ecrease an
occupational av erage even though most es tablishm ents in an a r e a in crease
w ages during the y e a r . Changes in earnin gs of occupational groups, shown in
table A - 7, a r e bet ter indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.

A v e r a g e earnings re fle ct composite, a reaw id e es ti m ate s. Industries
and establishments diffe r in pay lev el and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estimates fo r each job. P a y a v e r a g e s m ay fail to reflect
accurately the w age differe ntia l among jobs in individual es ta blish ments.

E lectron ic data p ro ces s in g 2
Computer systems
analysts, classes
A , B, and C
Computer p r o g r a m m e r s ,
clas s es A , B , and C

A v e r a g e pay le vels f o r men and wom en in selected occupations
should not be assum ed to reflect d iffe renc es in pay of the sex es within
individual es ta blishments.
F a c to rs which m ay contribute to diffe re nces
include p r o g r e s s i o n within es ta bli sh ed rate ranges
(only the rates paid
incumbents ar e collected) and p e rfo r m a n c e of spe cifi c duties within the
gen era l sur vey job des criptions . Job descriptions used to clas s ify em ployees
in these sur vey s usually ar e m o r e g e n e ra liz e d than those used in individual
establishments and al low fo r m in o r d iffe rences among establish ments in
specific duties p erfo r m e d .

Industrial nu rses
Reg is tered industrial
nurses
Skilled maintenance
C arp enters
Ele ctr ic ians

Occupational employment estimates re present the total in all e s t a b ­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the nu m b e r actually surveyed.
Because occupational str uctures among es ta blishments d iffe r, estimates of
occupational employment obtained fr o m the sam ple of es tablishments studied
serv e only to indicate the rela tiv e im port ance of the jobs studied.
These
differences in occupational structure do not affect m a t e r i a ll y the acc ura cy of
the earnings data.

Pe rcen t changes fo r indivic
as fo llo ws:

Sk illed maintenance—
Continued
P a in t e r s
M achinists
M echan ic s (m achinery)
M echan ic s (motor veh icl e)
P ip e fit te r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n s k ille d plant
J anito rs, p o r t e r s , and
cle ane rs
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m are computed

1.

A v e ra g e earnings ar e computed fo r each occupation fo r
the 2 y ears being co m pared . The a v e r a g e s are deri ved
fr o m earnings in those es ta bli sh m ents which are in the
sur vey both y e a r s ; it is as s u m e d that employment
remains unchanged.

2.

Each occupation is as s ign ed a weight b a s e d on its
proportionate employment in the occupational group in
the base year.

3.

These weights are used to compute gr oup a v e r a g e s .
Each occupation's average earnin gs (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight.
The products a r e totaled
to obtain a group average.

4.

The ratio of group a v e r a g e s fo r 2 consecutive y e a r s is
computed by dividing the a v e r a g e fo r the current y e a r
by the average fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re sult—
ex p res s ed as a percent— le s s 100 is the p erce nt change.

W age trends f o r selected occupational groups
The percent in c re a se s p resen ted in table A - 7 are b a s e d on changes
in av er age hourly earnings of men and wo men in establish ments reporting
the trend jobs in both the current and p reviou s y e a r (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to rem ove the effect on av e r a g e earnings of e m p lo y ­
ment shifts among es tablishments and tu rn o v e r of esta blishments included
in survey sam p le s.
The percent in c r e a s e s , h o w ev er, are still affected by
factors other than wage in c re a s e s .
H ir in g s , lay offs , and turn over may
affect an es tablishment a v erage fo r an occupation when w o r k e r s are paid
under plans providing a range of wage rates fo r individual jobs. In peri ods
of in crea se d hirin g, fo r ex am ple, new em ployees m ay enter at the bottom
of the ra nge, d ep res s in g the av er a g e without a change in w age rates.

The percent changes relate to w age changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates ar e shown.
(It is assum ed that w age s in c re a se at a constant rate
between s u r v e y s .)

F o r a m o re detailed des cription of the method used to compute
these wage trends, see "Im pro v in g A r e a W a g e Su rv ey I n d e x e s , " Monthly
L a b o r R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
Establishm en t pract ices and sup plem en tary w age pro v is io ns

Occupations used to compute w age trends ar e:
Office c le ric a l

O ffice c l e r i c a l — Continued

S e c re t a ri e s
Sten ogr ap hers, g en eral
St enographers, senior
T y pis ts , c lasses
A and B
F i le c le rk s , cla s s e s A,
B , and C
Messengers
Switch boa rd operators

The incidence of selected esta bli sh m ent p ra c t ic e s and supplem en tary
w age pro vis io ns is studied fo r fu ll-t im e production and related w o r k e r s and
office w o r k e r s .
Production and rela ted w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d to h e r e a ft e r as
production w o r k e r s ) include w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s and all n o nsup erv is o ry
workers
(including group lead ers and t r a i n e e s ) engaged in fabric ating,
p ro c e s s in g , assem bling, inspection, re ceiv in g, s to ra ge, handling, p a c k ­
ing, w ar ehousing, shipping, maintenance, r e p a i r , jan it o ria l and gu ard s e r ­
v ic e s , product development, a u x il ia ry production fo r plant's o w n use
(e .g., powerplant), and reco rdkeep ing and other s e r v i c e s close ly a s s o c i ­
ated with the above production operations.
( C a f e t e r i a and route w o r k e r s

O r d e r c le rk s , c las s es
A and B
Accounting c le rk s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
Bookkeeping-m achine
o p e ra t o r s , class B
P a y r o l l clerk s
Key entry o pe ra t o r s ,
clas ses A and B




2
The earnings o f computer operators are not included in the w age trend computation io r this group.
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

32

a r e excluded in m an ufact ur ing industries but included in nonmanufacturing
in d u st rie s .)
In finance and in surance, no w o r k e r s ar e co nsid ered to be
production w o r k e r s . O ffice w o r k e r s include working su p erv is o r s and all nonsupervisory w o rk ers
(including lead w o r k e r s and tr a in e e s ) p e rfo r m in g
c l e r i c a l or re la ted office functions in such departments as accounting,
advert is in g, p urchasin g, collection, credit, finance, le gal, p a y ro ll, personnel,
s a l e s , in dustri al re la tio ns, public relations, executive, or transportation.
A d m in is t ra t iv e , exec utive, p ro fes s io n al, and part-t im e em ployees as w e ll
as construction w o r k e r s utilized as separate work forc es ar e excluded fr o m
both the production and office w o r k e r categories.
M in im u m entrance s a l a r i e s (table B - l ) . Minim um entrance s a l a r i e s
fo r office w o r k e r s relate only to the establishments visited. Becau se of the
optimu m sam pling techniques used and the probability that l a r g e e s t a b li s h ­
ments are m o r e like ly than s m a l l establishments to have fo rm a l entrance
rates above the s u b c l e r ic a l le v e l , the table is m o re repres entative of policies
in m ed iu m and l a rg e esta blishments.
(The " X ' s " shown under standard
w eek ly hours indicate that no meaningful totals ar e applicable.)
Shift d iffe rentia ls— manufacturing (table B - 2 ) . Data w e r e collected
on p olic ie s of m an ufact ur ing es tablishments regarding pay differentials fo r
production w o r k e r s on late shifts.
Establishments consid ered as having
p olic ie s are those which (1) have provisio ns in writing co ver in g the operation
of late shifts, o r (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12
months p rece din g a survey . When establishments have s e v e r a l differentials
which v a r y by job, the diffe re ntia l applying to the majority of the production
w o r k e r s is re co rd ed .
When establishments have differentials which apply
only to certain hours of w o rk , the differential applying to the m ajo rit y of
the shift ho ur s is re co rd ed.
F o r p u rp o s es of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening)
shift which ends at o r n e a r midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at
o r n ea r midnight.
D ifferentials fo r second and third shifts are s u m m ariz ed separa tely
f o r (1) es ta blishm en t p olic ies (an es tablishment's differentials are weighted
by al l production w o r k e r s in the establishment at the time of the survey)
and (2) effective p ra c t ic e s (an es ta blishm en t's differentials ar e weighted by
production w o r k e r s em ployed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).
Scheduled w eekly hour s; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health,
in su ran ce, and pension p l a n s . P r o v is io n s which apply to a m ajo rit y of the
production or office w o r k e r s in an establishment are cons ider ed to apply to
all production o r office w o r k e r s in the establishment; a p ra ctic e o r pro v is io n
is consid ered nonexistent when it applies to less than a m ajority.
Holidays;
vaca tions; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans ar e consid ered ap plicable
to em ployees cu rrently elig ib le fo r the benefits as w ell as to em ployees who
w i l l eventually b eco m e elig ible .

written fo r m or esta blished by custom). Holidays are included even though
in a p a rt ic u la r y e a r they fall on a nonworkday and employees ar e not
granted another day off.
P a id p erso nal holiday plans, typically found in
the automobile and related in dustri es, ar e included as paid holidays.
Data ar e tabulated to show the percent of w o rk e rs who (1) are
granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted
specified
amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are
aggrega ted).
P a id vacations (table B - 5 ) . Establishmen ts report their method of
calculating vacation pay (time b a s is , percent of annual earnings, flat-sum
payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted.
Only bas ic fo rm al
plans are reported. Vacation bo nuses, v acation-savin gs plans, and "extended"
o r " s a b b a ti c a l" benefits beyond b a s ic plans are excluded.
F o r tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed
on a time b a s is .
Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is
converted to its equivalent time period.
Two percent of annual earnings,
fo r example, is tabulated as 1 w eek 's vacation pay.
A ls o , provisio ns after each spe cified length of service are related
to all production o r office w o r k e r s in an establishment r e g a rd le s s of length of
s erv ice. Vacation plans commonly provide fo r a l a r g e r amount of vacation
pay as s erv ice lengthens. Counts of production or office w o rk ers by length
of s erv ice w e r e not obtained.
The tabulations of vacation pay granted
presen t, th erefo r e, statistical m e a s u r e s of these provisions rather than
proportions of w o r k e r s actually receiving specific benefits.
Health, in surance, and pension plans (tables B - 6 and B - 7 ) . Health,
in surance, and pension plans include plans fo r which the employer pays
either all o r part of the cost.
The cost may be (1) underwritten by a
c o m m e r c ia l in suran ce company o r nonprofit organization, (2) covered by a
union fund to which the e m p lo y er has contributed, o r (3) borne directly by
the em p lo y er out of operating funds o r a fund set aside to cover the cost.
A plan is included even though a m ajo rit y of the employees in an estab li sh­
ment do not choose to participate in it because they ar e required to b e a r
part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or wil l
eventually becom e available to a m ajo rit y ). L e g a lly requ ir ed plans such as
s ocia l secu rity, r a ilro a d re tirem ent, w o r k e r s ' disability compensation, and
te m p o ra ry disability insurance 3 are excluded.
3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which m eet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1 ) employers contribute more than is leg a lly required or (2 ) benefits exceed those specified in tire
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out o f a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the em ployees' share and the total contribution required.

Scheduled w eek ly hours and days (table B - 3 ) . Scheduled weekly
hours and days r e f e r to the nu m b er of hours and days p e r week which fu ll ­
time firs t (day) shift w o r k e r s are expected to work, whether paid fo r at
s tr aigh t-t im e o r o vertim e ra tes.

Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would i f they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.

P a id holidays (table B - 4 ) . Holidays are included if w o r k e r s who
ar e not re q u ir e d to w o r k ar e paid for the time off and those re qu ired to
w o rk re ceiv e p r e m i u m pay o r compensatory time off.
They ar e included
only if they ar e grante d annually on a fo rm a l basis (provided for in




Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance A c t) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost o f the insurance.

33

L ife in suran ce includes fo r m a l plans providing indemnity (usually
through an in suran ce p olic y) in case of death of the co v ered w o r k e r .
Information is also p ro v id ed in table B - 7 on types of life in su rance plans
and the amount of coverage ip all in du stries combined and in manufacturing.
Acciden tal death and dis m em b erm en t in su rance is limited to plans
which provide benefit payments in case o f death o r loss of lim b o r sight as a
direct result of an accident.
Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which
provide that p red ete rm in ed cash payments be made directly to employees
who lose time fr o m w o rk bec ause of il ln es s o r in ju ry, e .g., $ 50 a week
fo r up to 26 week s of disability.
Sick leave plans are limited to fo r m a l p l a n s 4 which provide fo r
continuing an em p lo y ee's pay during absence fr o m w o rk be cause of illness.
Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which pro vide full pay with no
waiting p eriod , and (2) plans which either provid e p artial pay o r re quir e a
waiting period.
L o n g - t e r m disability insurance plans provid e payments to totally
disabled em ployees upon the expiration of th eir paid sick leave and/or sic k­
ness and accident in su ran ce, o r after a p red ete rm in ed p eriod of disability
(typically 6 months). Paym ents are made until the end of the disability, a
m axim um age, o r elig ibil it y fo r retirem en t benefits.
F u ll o r p artial p ay ­
ments ar e almo st alway s reduced by so cial security, w o r k e r s ' disability
compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee.
Hospitalization, s u r g ic a l, and m ed ica l insurance plans re ported
in these surveys pro vid e full o r p a r t ia l payment fo r b as ic s e r v i c e s rendered.
Hospitalization insurance co vers hospital ro o m and b o ard and m ay cover
other hospital expenses. S u rg ic a l insurance co vers s u r g e o n s ' fees. M edical
insurance covers d o c to rs ' fees fo r home, office, o r hospital calls.
Plan s
re stricted to p o s t -o p e rat iv e m ed ica l care o r a docto r's care fo r m in or
ailments at a w o r k e r ' s place of employment a r e not cons ider ed to be
med ical insu ra nce.
M a j o r m ed ica l insurance coverage applies to s e r v i c e s which go
beyond the b a s ic s e r v i c e s covered under hospitalization, s u r g ic a l, and
m edic al insu ra nce.
M a j o r m ed ica l insurance typically (1) re q u ir e s that a
"deducti ble " (e.g., $5 0 ) be met b e fo r e benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance
feature that re q u ir e s the in sured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 perce nt) of
certain ex p en s es , and (3) has a specifi ed d ollar m ax im um of benefits (e.g.,
$ 10,000 a y e a r ).
Dental in suran ce plans p ro v id e no rm a l dental s erv ice benefits,
usually fo r fillin g s, extra ctio ns, and X - r a y s . P lans which provide benefits
only fo r o r a l s u r g e r y o r re pairin g accident damage are not re ported.
Retirem ent pension plans p rovid e fo r re g u l a r payments to the
re tir ee fo r life.
Included are d e fe r r e d p r o fit -s h a r in g plans which provide
the option of purchas ing a lifetime annuity.

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t co v erage
The following tabulation shows the perc ent of fu ll -t im e production
and office w o rk e rs employed in es ta blish m en ts in the San Jose a r e a in which
a union contract or contracts co v ered a m a j o r it y of the w o r k e r s in the
respective categories , M a rc h 1978:
Producti on and
re la ted w o r k e r s
35
29
46
99

9
13
4
20

A l l in d u st ries ________________
Manufacturing____________
N onma nufa c tur ing________
Public utilities

A n establishment is consid ered to have a contract co verin g all
production or office w o rk e rs if a m a j o r it y of such w o r k e r s is co v er ed by a
l ab o r-m a n agem e n t agreement.
T h e r e f o r e , all other production or office
w o r k e r s a r e employed in es tablish ments that either do not have l a b o r mana gemen t contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to f e w e r than
half of their production or office w o r k e r s .
E stim a tes a r e not n e c e s s a r il y
repr es enta tive of the extent to which a l l w o r k e r s in the a r e a m ay be co v ered
by the provisions of l ab o r-m a n agem e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b ecause s m all e s t a b li s h ­
ments a r e excluded and the industrial scope of the s urv ey is lim ited

Industrial com position in manu facturing
N e a r l y three-fifths of the w o r k e r s within the scope of the survey
in the San Jose a r e a w e r e employed in manufacturing f i r m s . The following
presents the m ajo r industry groups and specific in du stries as a p erc ent of
all manufacturing:
Industry groups
E le c t r ic and electronic
equipment_____________________
Machinery, except
electrical _____________________
T ra ns port ation equipment____
Instruments and related
equipment_____________________
Fo od and kindred p ro du cts___

4
A n establishment is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
This information
o f days o f sick lea ve available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but inform al sick leave
fr o m univer se m aterials
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
vario us industry divisions




Office w o r k e r s

Specific indu stries

35
20
20
10
7

Ele ctron ic components
and a c c e s s o r i e s ________________23
Office and computing
m a c h i n e s ________________________ 17
Guided m i s s i l e s , space
v eh icles , and p a r t s ____________ 16
M e a s u r in g and controlling
d ev ice s __________________________ 8
E l e c t r i c a l in du strial
ap paratus
____________________ 5

is bas ed on es ti m ate s of total em ployment d eriv ed
com piled b e fo r e actual survey.
P ro p o rtio n s in
may differ f r o m pro portions b as ed on the resu lt s
of the sur vey as shown in appendix table 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in San Jose, C a lif.,1 March 1978
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

W ith in sc o p e o f stu dy
W ith in s co p e
o f stu d y 3

Studied
Studied

T o ta l4
N um ber

ALL

P ercen t

F u ll- t im e
p ro d u c tio n and
r e la te d w o r k e r s

F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

ESTABLISHMENTS

----------------------------------------------------

-

888

143

2 5 2 t 248

100

113.977

4 2 * 220

129,681

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE.
I N S U R A N C E . AND k E A L E S T A T E
S E R V I C E S 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------

50

-

375
513

45
98

149*783
1 0 2 t 465

59
41

74*224
39.753

24*130
18,090

81.160
48,521

50
50
50
50
50

35
53
206
70
149

12
8

5
4
15
4
13

3.189
» M

40

1 2 t 807
9t 695
38.378
9.757
31*828

6.681

28

( 6>
( 6I
f 6I

10.681
3.825
14*423
4*257
15.335

_

80

45

157*394

100

63,557

28,676

113*818

500

4 1
39

20

109*041
98.353

69
31

47*240
16.317

19.188
9*488

76*727
37.091

9*367
4*596
17.348
4*160
12*882

11

ALL

DIVISIONS

LARGE
ALL

DIVISIONS

10

<fc>
( 6)
« 6»
<61

ESTABLISHMENTS

----------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . ANO
O T H E R P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE.
I N S U R A N C E . AND R E A L E S T A T E
-------------------S E R V I C E S 7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

500
500
500
500
500

25

3
3
19
4

2
11

3

10

6

1 T h e San J o s e S tandard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by th e O ffic e o f M a n a gem en t
and B u d get th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f Santa C la r a County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in scop e
o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and
c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a re not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , fo r
c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re em p lo ym en t tre n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d
s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the scop e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d itio n o f th e S tan dard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M an u al w as u sed to c la s s ify
e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll
o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s trie s such as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as one esta b lis h m e n t.




3

6
3
3

8

4.327
(t »
<6 >
( 6)
c6>

2,640
( 6>
,( 6 1
( 6>

<b )

9.367
3.198
11*914
3*230
9,38 2

4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s ex clu d ed fr o m the s e p a ra te
p ro d u ctio n and o f f ic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n a r e ex clu d ed .
6 S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ad e f o r th is d iv is io n .
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile
r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

35

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The p r i m a r y purpose of p rep arin g job descriptions fo r the
B u r e a u 's wage survey s is to a ssis t its field staff in classifyin g into
appropriate occupations w o r k e r s who ar e employed under a v ariety of
payro ll titles and different work arra ngem ents fr o m establishment to
establishment and fr o m a r e a to ar ea.
This perm its the grouping of
occupational wage rates repr es enting com para ble job content.
B ecau se
of this em phas is on interestablis hm en t and in te r a re a com para bili ty
of occupational content, the B u r e a u 's job
descriptions may d iffe r s i g ­
nificantly fr o m those in use in individual
establishm ents o r those p r e ­
pared fo r other purp oses.
In applying these job descri ptio ns, the
B u r e a u 's field economists ar e instructed to exclude work in g s u p e r ­
v is o r s ; appr entices ; and p a r t -t i m e , te m p o ra ry , and probati onary w o r k e r s .
Handicapped w o r k e r s whose earnings ar e reduced because of their
handicap ar e also excluded. L e a r n e r s , b eginners, and train ees , unless
specifi cally included in the job description, are excluded.

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d as a p e rs o n a l s e c r e ta r y , n o rm a lly to one individual.
Maintains a close and highly re sp onsive relationship to the d a y -to - d a y activ ­
ities of the s u p e rv is o r . W o r k s fairly independently re ceiving a min im um of
detailed supervisio n and guidance. P e r f o r m s v ar ied c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
duties re quir in g a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the
organization, p r o g r a m s , and p ro ced u r es related to the w o rk of the s u p e rv is o r .

Not all positions that ar e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
c h a ract eris tic s. E x a m p le s of positions which ar e excluded fr o m the definition
are as follo ws:

a.

Positions which do not
des cribed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c.

Stenographers se rv ing as office assistants
fessiona l, technical, o r m a n a g e r i a l p e rso ns;

d.

Exclusions




Exclusio ns— Continued
meet the

"personal"

Assistant-t yp e positions which entail m o r e difficult or m o re r e ­
sponsible technical, ad m in istrativ e, or s u p e r v i s o r y duties which
are not typical- of s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk , e. g., A dm inis trativ e A s s i s t ­
ant, or Executive Assista nt;

L is ted below ar e s e v e r a l occupations fo r which revis ed descriptions or titles ar e being introduced
in this survey:
Gu ard
Shipper and r e c e i v e r
(previously survey ed
as shipping and
receiving clerk )
T ruckdrive r

O r d e r clerk
P a y r o l l clerk
Se c re t a ry
Key entry operator
T ra n s c r i b in g - m a c h in e typist
Computer operator

The B u r e a u has discontinued collecting data fo r tabulating-machine operator.
clas s ified as watchmen are now c la s s ifie d as guards under the re vis ed description.

36

W o r k e r s p re v io u s ly

s e c r e ta r y

to a group

concept

of p r o ­

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

S E C R E T A R Y --- Continued

E x c lu s io n s — Continued

C la ssif ic atio n by L e v e l — Continued

e.

P o sit io ns which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections b elo w titled ’’L e v e l of S u p e r v i s o r , " e.g., s e c r e t a r y to the
p re sid ent of a company that employs, in all, o v e r 5,000 pers ons;

f.

Trainees.

C la ssif ic atio n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jobs which meet the above chara cteri stics ar e matched at
one of five lev els according to (a) the level of the s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e rv is o r
within the co m pany’ s organiz ational structure and, (b) the lev el of the
s e c r e t a r y 's resp onsib ili ty. The chart following the explanations of these two
facto rs indicates the lev el of the secr e ta r y fo r each combination of the
factors.

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the chairm an of the b o ard or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but few e r than 5,000 persons ; or

b.

Se c re t a ry to a co rporate o fficer (other than the chairman of
the b o a rd o r presid ent) of a company that employs, in all,
over 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 pers ons; or

c.

LS—4

S e c re t a ry to the head of a l a rg e and important organizational
segment (e.g., a middle management s u p e rv is o r of an o r g a n i­
zational segment often involving as many as sev e r a l hundred
p e rs o n s ) of a company that employs, in all, o v e r 25,000 persons .

S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m ediately b elo w the corporate officer
lev el, of a m a j o r segment or subsid ia ry of a company that
em ploys, in all, o v e r 25,000 p erso ns.

L e v e l of S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (LS )
S e c r e t a r i e s should be matched at one of the four LS le vels d es crib ed
b elo w according to the lev el of the s e c r e ta r y 's s u p erv is or within the company
o rganiz ation al structure.
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e rv is o r o r head of a s m all
unit (e .g., f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 pers ons); or

b.

LS—2

a.

organizational

S e c r e t a r y to a nonsupervisory staff spe cialist, p ro fessio nal
em plo yee, adm inistrative o fficer o r assistant, skilled technician
o r expert.
(NO TE:
M a n y companies as sig n stenographer s,
rather than s e c r e t a r ie s as d escrib ed above, to this lev el of
s u p e r v i s o r y o r nonsupervis ory w o r k e r . )

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an executive o r m an a gerial person whose re sp o n ­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific lev el situations in
the definition fo r L S —3, but whose organizational unit n o rm a lly
n u m b ers at least s e v e r a l dozen employees and is usually divided
into o rganiz ati onal segments which ar e often, in turn, furth er
subdivided. In som e companies, this level includes a wide range
of o rganiz ati onal echelons; in others, only one or two; or

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fe w e r
than 5, 000 p e rs o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the chairman of the board o r president of a company
that em p lo ys, in all, few e r than 100 persons; or

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a co rporate officer (other than chairman of the
b o a rd or p resid ent) of a company that employs, in all, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5, 000 pers ons; or

c.

d.

N O T E : The t e r m "co rp o rat e o f fi c e r " used in the above LS def­
inition r e f e r s to those officials who have a significant corporatewide polic y­
making role with r e g a r d to m a j o r company activities.
The title "vice
p r e s i d e n t , " though no rm a lly indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. V ice presidents whose p r i m a r y responsibility is to
act p ers o n ally on individual cas es o r transactions (e.g., approve o r deny
individual loan or cr ed it actions; adm inister individual trust accounts; d i­
rectly sup erv ise a c l e ri c a l staff) are not consider ed to be "co rp o rate
o f f i c e r s " fo r purp oses of applying the definition.
L ev el of S e c r e t a r y 's Responsibility ( L R )
This facto r evaluates the nature of the w o rk relationship between
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e rv is o r , and the extent to which the s ecretary is
expected to e x e r c is e initiative and judgment. S e c re t a rie s should be matched
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d es c rib e d be low according to their lev el of responsibility.
L e v e l of Respons ibility 1 ( L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l duties including o r co mparable to most
of the following:
a.

A n s w e r s telephones,
coming mail.

gr eets

p e rs o n a l

callers,

and

opens

b.

A n s w e r s telephone requests which have standard answer s.
reply to re quests by sending a fo r m letter.

in ­

May

S e c r e t a r y to the head (immediately below the o fficer lev el) ov er
either a m a j o r co rp ora tewid e functional activity (e.g., marketing,
r e s e a r c h , o pera tio ns, industrial relations, etc.) o r a m a j o r
geo grap hic o r orga nizational segment (e.g., a regional h ea d q u ar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r division) of a company that em plo ys, in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25,000 employees; or

c.

Re view s corr es ponden ce, m em o ra nda , and reports p rep are d by
others fo r the s u p e r v i s o r 's signature to ensure p ro cedural and
typograp hical accuracy.

d.

S e c r e t a r y to the head of
( o r other equivalent le vel
o v e r 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or

Maintains s u p e r v i s o r 's
instructed.

e.

T y p e s , takes and t r a n s c r ib e s dictation, and files.




an individual plant, factory, etc.,
of official) that em ploys, in all,

calend ar

and

makes

appointments

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C ontinued

L ev el of Responsibil it y 2 ( L R —2)

St enographer, Senior

P e r f o r m s duties d e s c ri b e d under L R —1 and, in addition p e r fo r m s
tasks re qu ir in g g r e a t e r judgment, initiative, and knowledge o f office functions
including o r c o m p arab le to m ost of the following:
a.

Screen s telephone and p e rs o n a l c a l l e r s , determining which can
be handled by the s u p e r v i s o r 's subordinates o r other offices.

b.

A n s w e r s re qu es ts which re q u ir e a detailed knowledge of o f ­
fice p ro c e d u r e s o r collection of in formation fr o m fi les o r
other offices.
M ay sign routine corresponden ce in own o r
s u p e r v i s o r 's name.

c.

C om p il es o r as s is ts in compiling p eriod ic re port s on the b a s is
of ge n e ra l instructions.

d.

Schedules tentative appointments without p r i o r cle arance.
As­
s em b les n e c e s s a r y background m a t e r i a l fo r scheduled meetings.
M ak es a rrang em ents f o r meetings and confe rences .

e.

Explains s u p e r v i s o r 's requir em ents to other em plo yees in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. (A ls o types, takes dictation, and f i le s . )

Dictation involves a v a r ie d technical o r s p e cializ ed v o cab u la ry
such as in legal b ri e fs o r reports on scientific r e s e a r c h . M ay also set up
and maintain files, keep re c o rd s , etc.

The following tabulation shows the lev el of the s e c r e t a r y fo r each
LS and L R combination:

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P e r f o r m s stenographic duties re qu ir in g significantly g r e a t e r in­
dependence and responsibility than ste n og rap her, g en eral, as evidenced by
the following:
W o r k re quir es a high d egre e of stenographic speed and
acc uracy ; a thorough working knowledge of g e n e ra l b usiness and office p r o ­
cedure; and of the specific business opera tio ns, orga nization, p o lic ie s,
p ro c e d u r e s , file s, work flow , etc. U s e s this knowledge in p e rfo r m in g steno­
graphic duties and respons ible c l e r i c a l tasks such as maintaining fo l lo w ­
up file s; assem blin g m aterial fo r r e p o rt s , m em o ra n d a , and letters; c o m ­
posing simple letters fr o m ge nera l in structions; reading and routing incoming
m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T YPIST
P r i m a r y duty is to type copy of voice re c o r d e d dictation which does
not involve v arie d technical o r s p e cializ ed v o cab u lar y such as that used in
le g a l b r i e fs or reports on scientific r e s e a r c h . M ay also type fr o m written
copy. M ay maintain f i l e s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other relativ el y
routine clerical tasks.
(See Sten ogr ap her definition f o r w o r k e r s involved
with shorthand dictation.)

L e v e l of s e c r e t a r y 's resp onsibili ty
TYPIST
L R—1
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

LS—1
,
LS—2
.
LS—3
,

OR

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the dictation.
M ay also type fr o m written copy.
M ay operate fr o m a
sten ographic pool.
M ay occasion ally t r a n s c r ib e f r o m voice recordin gs (if
p r i m a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o rd in g s , see T r a n s c r i b in g - M a c h in e
Ty pist).
N O T E : This job is distinguished f r o m that of a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly w o rk s in a confidential relations hip with only one m a n a g e r
o r executive and p e r f o r m s m o re re sp o nsib le and d is cre tio n a ry tasks as
d e s c ri b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job definition.

U s e s a ty pew ri te r to make copies of v ario u s m a t e r i a ls o r to make
out b il ls after calculations have been m ad e by another p erso n. M ay include
typing of stencils, mats, o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a ls fo r use in duplicating
processes.
May do c l e ri c a l w o rk involving little spe cial tr aining, such
as keeping simple re c o rd s , filing re c o rd s and re p o rt s , o r sorting and
distributing incoming mail.
C la ss A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g: Typing m a t e ri a l
in final fo rm when it involves combining m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r
respons ibility fo r corr ect spelling, sylla bic ati on, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical o r unusual w o rd s o r fore ig n language m a t e ria l; o r planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical table s to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing.
M ay type routine fo r m le tt e rs , varying details to suit
ci r cumst since s.
Cla ss B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fr o m
rough o r clear drafts; o r routine typing of f o r m s , in su ra nce p o lic ies , etc.;
o r setting up simple standard tabulations; o r copying m o r e complex tables
alrea dy set up and spaced p ro pe rly.
F IL E CLERK

S teno grap her, G e n e ra l

keep

Dictation involves a n o rm a l routine vo cab u la ry . M ay maintain file s,
sim ple r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other re la tiv ely routine c l e r i c a l tasks.




F i le s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tri e v e s m a t e r i a l in an esta bli shed filing
system. May p e r fo r m c lerical and manu al tasks re q u ir ed to maintain file s.
Positions are classified into levels on the b a s is of the following definitions.

F I L E C L E R K — C on tin u ed

O R D E R C L E R K — C ontinued

C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and indexes file m aterial such as c o rr e s p o n d ­
ence, r e p o rt s , te ch nical documents, etc., in an es ta blish ed filing system
containing a nu m b er of v a r i e d subject matter files.
M ay also file this
m a t e r i a l. M ay keep re c o r d s of vario us types in conjunction with the files.
M a y le a d a s m a l l gr oup o f l o w e r lev el file clerks.

adequacy of information re cord ed; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing custom er with acknowledgement of receipt of o rd er; follo w in g-u p
to see that o r d e r is d eliv ere d by the specified date o r to let customer know
of a delay in d eli very; maintaining o r d e r file; checking shipping invoice
against origin a l o r d e r .

C la s s B . S o r t s , codes , and files unclassified m a t e r i a l by simple
(subject m a t te r ) headings o r p artly classified m at erial by finer subheadings.
P r e p a r e s sim ple rela ted index and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
A s requested,
locates c l e a r ly identified m a t e r i a l in files and fo rw ard s m a t e ria l. M ay p e r ­
f o r m re la ted c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u ir e d to maintain and serv ice files.

Exclude w o r k e r s paid on a com m issio n b a s is o r whose duties include
any of the fo llo w in g: Rec eiving o r d e r s fo r se rv ic e s rather than fo r m ateri al
o r m erchandis e; providing cu sto mers with consultative advice using knowl­
edge gained fr o m engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing
selling skills; handling m a t e ri a l o r m er ch an dise as an integr al part of the job.

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s routine filing of m aterial that has alrea dy been
c l a s s ifi e d o r which is e a s ily clas s ified in a simple s e r i a l clas sification
s y st e m (e .g., alphabeti cal, chrono logical, o r n u m erical).
As
requested,
locates re adily av aila b le m a t e r i a l in files and fo rw a rd s m aterial; and may
fi ll out w ithd raw al charge. M ay p e r f o r m simple clerical and manual tasks
re q u ir e d to maintain and s e r v i c e files.

Positions
definitions:

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , operating
m in o r office machin es such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and distributing
m a i l, and other m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . Exclude positions that requ ir e operation
of a m o to r vehicle as a significant duty.

are

c la s s ifie d

into

levels

according

to

the

following

C la s s A . Handles o r d e r s that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product o r m a t e ri a l fr o m the establishment's product
lines w ill satisfy the cu st o m er's needs, o r determining the price to be quoted
when p ric in g involves m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p ric e list o r making
some sim ple mat hemat ical calculations.
C la s s B . Handles o r d e r s involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. M ay r e fe r to a catalog, m anufa cturer's manual,
o r s i m i l a r document to in su re that p ro p e r item is supplied or to verify
p ric e of o rd e re d item.
ACC O UN TIN G CLERK

SW ITC HBO AR D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra t e s a telephone switchboard o r console used with a private
b ra n c h exchange ( P B X ) s y s t e m to rela y incoming, outgoing, and intrasyste m
calls.
M a y p ro v id e info rm atio n to c a l l e r s , re co rd and transm it m e s s a g e s ,
keep r e c o r d of calls p la ced and toll charges . B esid es operating a telephone
s w it chb o ard o r console , m ay also type o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o rk
(typing o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m ay occupy the m a j o r portion of the w o r k e r ' s
ti m e, and is usually p e r f o r m e d while at the switchboard o r console). Chief o r
lead o p e r a t o r s in es tabli sh m ents employing m o re than one operator are
excluded. F o r an o p e r a t o r who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Ope r ato r - Re ceptioni s t .
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s it io n telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — see Sw itch b oa rd O p e ra t o r— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
w o rk involves such duties as greeti ng v is ito rs ; determining nature of v is i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p ro v id ing appropria te information; re fe r r in g v is ito r to a p p r o ­
p ria te p e rs o n in the o rga niz ation o r contacting that p ers on by telephone and
a r r a n g in g an appointment; keeping a log of vis ito rs .
ORDER CLERK
R ec eiv es written o r v e r b a l cu sto m ers ' purchase o r d e r s fo r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m cu st o m e rs o r sal es people.
W ork typically involves
some combination of the follo win g duties: Quoting p ric e s ; determining a v a i la ­
bilit y o f o r d e r e d it em s and suggesting substitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; advising
expected d e liv e ry date and method of deli very ; reco rd ing o r d e r and cu stom er
in form at ion on o r d e r sheets; checking o r d e r sheets fo r accuracy and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o re accounting c le ric a l tasks such as posting to
re g is t e r s and le d g e rs ; reco nciling bank accounts; ver ifying the internal con­
sistency, co m pleten es s, and mathematical acc ura cy of accounting documents;
assign ing p r e s c r i b e d accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
fo r c l e r i c a l accuracy va rio us types of re po rts, lis ts , calculations, posting,
etc.; o r p rep arin g sim ple o r assisti ng in p rep arin g m o re complicated journal
vo uch ers.
M ay w o rk in either a manual o r automated accounting system.
The w o rk re qu ir es a knowledge of c l e r i c a l methods and office
p ractic es and p ro c e d u r e s which re lates to the c lerical p ro cessin g and r e ­
cording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the
w o r k e r typically b eco m es f a m i li a r with the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and p ro ced u res used in the as signed w o rk , but is not re quired to have a
knowledge of the fo rm a l prin ciples of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions
definitions:

are

c la s s ifie d

into lev els

on the

b asis of the following

C la s s A . U n d e r g en eral supervi sio n, p e r fo r m s accounting clerical
operations which re qu ir e the application of experience and judgment, for
ex am ple, c le r i c a l ly p ro c e s s in g complicated or nonrepetitive accounting t r a n s ­
actions, selecting among a substantial var iety of p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes
and c lassif icatio ns, o r tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine sourc e of d iscre pan cie s.
M ay be assiste d by one or
m o re class B accounting clerk s.
C la s s B . U n d e r close superv isio n, following detailed instructions
and standardized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o re routine accounting
c l e r i c a l opera tio ns, such as posting to l e d g e r s , cards , or worksheets

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

P A Y R O L L C L E R K — Continued

wher e identification of items and locations of postings ar e c le a r ly indicated;
checking accura cy and completeness of stan dardized and repetitive reco rd s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p r e s c r ib e d
accounting codes.

listings against source re co rd s; tracing and co rr ectin g e r r o r s in lis tings;
and assisting in preparation of p erio d ic s u m m a r y p a y ro ll re po rts. In a nonautomated pay ro ll system, computes w a g e s . W o r k may re qu ire a p ract ica l
knowledge of governmental regulations , company p a y ro ll polic y, o r the
computer system fo r p ro cessin g p a y ro lls .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
Opera tes a bookkeeping machine (with o r without a ty p ew riter key ­
bo ard) to keep a re c o rd of b usiness transactions .
C las s A . Keeps a set of re c o rd s requiring a knowledge of and
experience in b a s ic bookkeeping prin cip le s, and fa m ilia rity with the structure
of the p art ic u la r accounting system used.
Determ ines p r o p e r re co rd s and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
M ay p re p a r e consolidated re p o r t s , balance sheets, and other re co rd s by hand.
C la s s B . Keeps a re c o r d of one o r m o r e phases o r sections of a
set of record s usu ally re quir in g little knowledge of b a s ic bookkeeping. Phas es
o r sections include accounts pay able , p a y ro ll, c u s t o m e rs ' accounts (not in­
cluding a simple type of billing d es crib ed under machine b i l l e r ) , cost d i s ­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. M ay check o r as sist
in pre para tion of tr i a l balance s and p r e p a r e control sheets fo r the accounting
department.
M ACH INE B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s statements, b il l s , and invoices on a machine other than
an ord in ary o r elec tro m ati c typew ri te r. M ay also keep re co rd s as to billings
o r shipping charges o r p e r f o r m other c l e r i c a l w o rk incidental to billing
operations. F o r wage study p u rp o s es , machine b i l l e r s are c la s s ifie d by type
of machine, as follows:
B illin g-m ach in e b i l l e r . U s e s a spe cial billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to p r e p a r e b ills and invoices fr o m c u st o m e rs '
purchase o r d e r s , internally p re p a re d o r d e r s , shipping m em oranda, etc.
U su a lly involves application of pred eterm in ed discounts and shipping charges
and entry of n e c e s s a ry extensions, which may o r m ay not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a l a rg e num ber of carbon copies of
the b ill being p re p a re d and is often done on a fanfold machine.

KEY ENTRY O PER ATO R
Operates k e yb o ard -co ntro lled data entry device such as keypunch
machine or k e y-o perate d magnetic tape o r disk encoder to tr a n s c r ib e
data into a fo rm suitable fo r computer p ro c e s s in g . W o r k re q u ir e s skill in
operating an alphanumeric ke yboar d and an understanding of t r a n s c r ib in g
p ro c e d u r e s and relevant data entry equipment.
Positions
definitions:

are classified

into

le v e l s on the b a s is

of the following

C la ss A . W o r k re quir es the application of experi ence and judgment
in selecting p ro cedures to be follo w ed and in searchin g fo r, in terpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be entered fr o m a v ariety of source documents.
On occasion may also p e r fo r m routine w o r k as d e s c r i b e d fo r class B.
N O T E : Excluded are o p e rators above clas s A using the key entry
controls to acc es s, read, and evaluate the substance of specific re c o rd s to
take substantive actions, or to make entri es re qu ir in g a s i m i l a r l e v e l of
kn ow ledge.
C lass B . W o r k is routine and repetitive. U n d e r close superv isio n
o r following specific pro ced ures o r detailed instru ctions, w o rk s fr o m
vario us standardized source documents which have been coded and re quir e
little o r no selecting, coding, o r in terpr etin g of data to be entered. R e fe rs
to su p erv is o r p ro ble m s ar isin g fr o m er ro n eo u s item s, codes, o r m is s in g
information.

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B US INE S S

Bookke eping-machine b i l l e r . U s e s a bookkeeping-machine (with or
without a ty p ew riter ke yboar d) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as part of the
accounts receiv able operation. G e n e ra lly involves the simultaneous entry of
fi gures on cu sto m ers' led g er record . The machine automatically accumulates
fi gures on a nu mber of v e r tic a l columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping.
W o r k s fr o m un iform and standard types of sal es and
credit slips.
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p ay ro lls and to
maintain p ay ro ll re co rd s. W o r k involves most of the follo w in g: P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' time o r production re c o rd s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' re co rd s fo r changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, o r tax deductions; editing p ay ro ll




Analyzes business p ro b le m s to fo rm ula te p ro c e d u r e s fo r solving
them by use of electronic data p r o c e s s in g equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a r e
re qu ired digital computer p r o g r a m s . W o r k involves most of the fo llo w in g :
A nalyzes subject-m at ter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and crite ria requir ed to achieve satisfactory re su lt s; specifi es n u m b er and
types of re co rd s, file s, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
p e r fo r m e d by personnel and computers in sufficient detail fo r presentation
to management and fo r p ro g ra m m in g (typically this involves p rep ara tio n of
w o rk and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test p ro b le m s and
participates in t r ia l runs of new and re v is e d sy stem s; and re com m ends
equipment changes to obtain m o re effective o v e r a ll operations.
(NOTE:
W o r k e r s perform in g both systems analy sis and p r o g r a m m in g should be
clas s ified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to deter mine their pay.)

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SINE SS--- C ontinued

B USINESS— Continued

Does not include employees p r im a r il y re sponsible fo r the m an­
agement o r supervisio n of other electronic data p ro cessin g em plo yees,
o r system s analysts p r i m a r i l y concerned with scientific o r engineering
p r o b le m s .

language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve d esir ed results. W ork
involves most of the fo llo w in g: Applies knowledge of computer cap a­
b il it ie s, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and partic ula r sub­
ject m at ter involved to analyze charts and d ia gram s of the p roble m to
be p ro g ra m m e d ; develops sequence of p r o g r a m steps; w ri te s detailed flow
charts to show o r d e r in which data w il l be p ro ces s ed ; converts these
charts to coded instructions fo r machine to follow; tests and co rrects
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s instructions fo r operating personnel during production
run; analyze s, re v iew s , and alte rs p r o g r a m s to in crea se operating e ffi­
ciency or adapt to new requir em ents; maintains re co rd s of p r o g r a m d e­
velopment and re vis io ns. ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p erfo rm in g both systems anal­
ysis and p ro g ra m m in g should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)

F o r w age study purposes, systems analysts are c la s s ifie d as follows:
C la s s A . W o r k s independently o r under only g en eral direction on
complex p ro b le m s involving all phases of systems analysis. P r o b l e m s are
complex b ecause of d iv e r s e s o urc es of input data and m ultiple-use r e q u i r e ­
ments of output data.
( F o r exam ple, develops an integrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis re c o rd in
which e v e r y item of each type is automatically p ro ces s ed through the full
sy st em o f r e c o rd s and ap propriate followup actions ar e initiated by the
com p uter.) C on fers with p e rs o n s concerned to determine the data p ro ces s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is es s u b je c t -m a t te r personnel on the implications of new or
re v is e d system s of data p r o c e s s in g operations. Makes reco mmendations, if
needed, fo r ap pro val of m a j o r systems installations o r changes and for
obtaining equipment.

Does not include employees p r i m a r i l y resp onsib le for the m an ­
agement or supervisio n of other electronic data p ro cessin g employees,
or p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y concerned with scientific and/or engineering
p ro blem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, p r o g r a m m e r s

M ay pro vid e functional
who ar e as s ign ed to a s sis t.

direction to low e r

level systems

as

follows:

C la ss A.
W o r k s independently o r under only gen eral direction
on complex p ro b le m s which re quir e competence in all phases of p r o ­
gram m in g concepts and p ractice s.
W orking fr o m d ia gram s and charts
which identify the nature of d es ire d re sult s, m a jo r pro cessin g steps to
be accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the p r o b ­
l e m solving routine; plans the full range of p ro g ra m m in g actions needed
to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving d es ire d end products.

C la s s B . W o r k s independently or under only ge n e ra l direction on
p r o b le m s that are re la tiv ely uncomplicated to analyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate. P r o b l e m s are of lim ited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related.
( F o r example,
develop s system s fo r maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts
re ce iv a b le in a re tail establishment, o r maintaining inventory
accounts in a m anufact ur ing o r w holesale establishment.)
Con fers with
p ers o n s concerned to deter m ine the data p ro cessin g pro ble m s and advises
s u b j e c t -m a t te r p ers o nne l on the implications of the data p ro c e s s in g systems
to be applied.

At this level, p ro g ra m m in g is difficult because computer equip­
ment must be orga nized to produce s e v e r a l in te rre late d but div er se p ro d ­
ucts fr o m nu merous and d iv erse data elements.
A wide variety and e x ­
tensive nu m ber of internal p ro c e s s in g actions must occur.
This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be r e ­
used, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to
data when p r o g r a m re qu ir em en ts exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to fo rm a
highly integrated p ro g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a segment of a complex data p ro cessin g scheme or
system , as d e s c r i b e d fo r class A. W o r k s independently on routine a s s i g n ­
ments and re c e iv e s instruction and guidance on complex as sig nm ents. W o r k
is re v ie w e d fo r a cc u ra cy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to
insure p r o p e r alignment with the o v e ra ll system.

M ay pro vide functional direction
are assigned to as sist.

to l o w e r level

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B. W o r k s independently o r under only gen eral direction on
re la tiv ely simple p r o g r a m s , or on sim ple segments of complex p ro g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (or segmen ts) usually p ro c e s s information to produce data in two
o r three v a r ie d sequences o r fo rm ats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, ar ray in g, o r making m in or additions to or deletions fr om
input data which are re adily available.
While nu merous reco rd s may be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been refined in p r i o r actions so that the accura cy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the p r o g r a m deals with routine record keepin g operations.

C la s s C . W o r k s under immediate supervision, carry in g out analyses
as assig n ed, usu ally of a single activity.
Assignments ar e designed to
develop and expand p r a c t ic a l experien ce in the application of p ro c e d u r e s and
skills re qu ired fo r system s analysis work. F o r example, may as s is t a higher
l e v e l system s analyst by p re p a r i n g the detailed specifications re qu ired by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm atio n developed by the higher level analyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B US IN E S S

OR

Con verts statements of busines s p ro b le m s, typically p r e p a r e d by a
sy stem s analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are r e ­
q u ire d to solve the p r o b le m s by automatic data p ro ces s in g equipment.
W o r k in g fr o m charts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r develops the p r e ­
cise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded




are cla s s ified

analysts

W o r k s on complex p r o g r a m s (as d e s c rib e d fo r class A) under
close direction of a higher level p r o g r a m m e r o r sup erv is o r .
May assist
hi gh er le vel p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e rfo r m in g less difficult tasks
as sig ned, and p e rfo r m in g m o re difficult tasks under fa i r l y close direction.

41

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C ontinued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M ay guide o r instruct l o w e r lev el p r o g r a m m e r s .

C la s s B . In addition to esta b li sh ed production runs, w o rk a s s ig n ­
ments include runs involving new p r o g r a m s , applications, and p ro c e d u r e s
(i.e ., situations which re quir e the o p e ra t o r to adapt to a varie ty of p r o b le m s ) .
At this lev el, the o pera tor has the training and experi ence to w o rk fairly
independently in ca rry in g out most as sig n m ents. A ssignm en ts may re quir e
the o pe rator to select fr o m a v ar ie t y of stan dard setup and operating
p ro c e d u r e s .
In responding to com puter output instructions o r e r r o r con­
ditions, applies standard operating o r co rr e c t iv e p r o c e d u r e s , but may
deviate fr o m standard p ro cedures when standard p ro c e d u r e s fa il if deviation
does not m ateriall y alte r the computer unit's production plans. R e f e r s the
p r o b le m o r aborts the p r o g r a m when p ro c e d u r e s applied do not provide a
solution. M ay guide lo w e r level o p e ra t o r s .

C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l applications of p r o g r a m m in g p ractic es
and concepts usu ally le a rn e d in fo r m a l training co u r s es .
Assignm en ts
ar e designed to develop competence in the application of standard p r o ­
cedures to routine p r o b le m s .
Receiv es close supervisio n on new aspects
of ass ignments; and w o rk is re v iew ed to v e r ify its acc ura cy and conformance
with re qu ired p ro c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In ac cordance with ope rating instructions, monitors and operates
the control console of a digital comp uter to p r o c e s s data. Executes runs by
either s e r i a l p ro c e s s in g ( p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a tim e) o r m u lti­
p ro ces s in g ( p r o c e s s e s two o r m o re p r o g r a m s simultaneously). The follo wing
duties c h a racterize the w o rk of a comp uter ope rator:
- Studies
needed.
-

operating

Loads equipment
p a p e r, etc.).

instructions
with

to

re q u ir ed

determine
items

equipment

(tapes,

cards,

C las s C . W o r k assignments are lim it ed to esta bli shed production
runs (i.e., p ro g ra m s which present few opera tin g p r o b le m s ) .
Assignm en ts
m ay consist p r im a r il y of o n -t h e -jo b tr ainin g (som etim es augmented by
c l a s s r o o m instruction). When learn ing to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v i s o r o r a
hi gh er lev el operator pro vides detailed w ri tt en o r o r a l guidance to the
o p e rat o r be fo re and during the run. A ft e r the o p e ra t o r has gained experience
with a p r o g r a m , ho wever , the o p e r a t o r w o rk s fa i r l y independently in
applying standard operating o r c o rr e c t iv e p ro c e d u r e s in responding to
computer output instructions or e r r o r conditions, but r e f e r s p ro b le m s to a
hi gh er l e v e l o pera tor or the s u p e r v i s o r when standard p r o c e d u r e s fail.

setup
disks,

- Switches n e c e s s a r y au x illia ry equipment into system.
- Starts and opera tes computer.
-

R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
o r r e fe r s p ro b lem s.

-

P E R IP H E R A L EQ UIPM EN T O PE R A T O R

R e s p o n d s t o o p e r a t i n g and c o m p u t e r outpu t i n s t r u c t i o n s .

-

M ain ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d .

d u rin g o p e r a tio n

Operates p e rip h e ra l equipment w h i c h d ir ectly supports digital
computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and spe cifically designed
fo r computer applications, but need not be physically o r electronic ally
connected to a computer.
P r i n t e r s , plo tters, card re ad/ p u n ch es , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d riv e s, disk units o r d r iv e s , and data display units
are exam ples of such equipment.

M a y te s t-ru n new or m o d ifie d p ro g ra m s .
M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p ro g ra m s.
T h e s c o p e o f th is d e f i n i t i o n i n c l u d e s t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i f i e d
com pu ter
o p e ra to rs , fu lly qu alified
com pu ter
o p e r a t o r s , and l e a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
operators.
It e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s w h o m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .

The following duties c h a ract erize the w o r k of a p e r i p h e r a l equipment
operator:

C la s s A. In addition to w o r k as signments d e s c rib e d fo r a clas s B
operator (see b e lo w ) the w o rk of a class A o pe rator involves at least one
of the following:
-

-

-

- T es ts new p r o g r a m s , applications, and p ro ced u r es .
- A d v is es p r o g r a m m e r s
techniques.

and

s u b je c t -m a t te r

experts

o p e ra t o r at this lev el




typically guides

lower

Checking labels and mounting and dismounting
reels o r disks on spe cified units o r d riv e s.

designated tape

- Setting controls which re gulate ope ration of the equipment.
on

setup

- O bserv ing panel lights f o r w arn in g s
taking appropriate action.

- A s s i s t s in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating
system s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) developing operating instructions and
techniques to c o v er p r o b le m situations; and/or (3) switching to
em e r g e n c y backup p ro c e d u r e s (such as sis tance re qu ir es a work ing
knowledge of p r o g r a m l a n g u a g e , computer features, and so ftw are
s y s t e m s ).
An

Lab elli ng tape re e ls , disks, o r c a r d decks.

-

D e v i a t e s f r o m s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o a v o i d th e l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t i o n o r t o c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t i m e e v e n th o u g h th e p r o c e d u r e s
a p p lie d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u t e r u n it's p r o d u c t io n p la n s.

Loading printers and plott ers with c o r r e c t p ape r; adjusting
controls fo r fo r m s , th icknes s, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.

and

error

indications and

- Examining tapes, ca r d s , o r other m a t e r i a l fo r c r e a s e s ,
o r other defects which could cause p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s .

tears,

This cl assification excludes w o r k e r s (1) who monitor and operate a
control console (see computer o p e ra t o r ) o r a remote te rm in al, o r (2) whose
duties are limited to operating d e c o ll a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i la r
equipment.

l e v e l o p e rators .

42

'

C O M P U T E R D A T A L IB R A R IA N

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

Maintains l i b r a r y of m ed ia (tapes, disks, cards, cassette s) used
f o r automatic data p r o c e s s in g applications. The following o r s i m i l a r duties
cha ra c t e rize the w o rk of a computer data lib raria n: Cla ssif ying, cataloging,
and storing m e d ia in accordance with a standardized system; upon p r o p e r
re qu es ts , re le a sin g m e d ia fo r p ro cessin g ; maintaining r e c o rd s of r e le a s e s
and returns; inspecting retu rned media fo r damage or ex ce ss iv e w e a r to
determine w hether o r not they need replacing. May p e r fo r m m in or r e p a irs
to dam aged tapes.

W o r k s on vario us types of electronic equipment and related devices
by p e rfo r m in g one o r a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
re p a irin g , overhauling , troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
W o r k re q u ir es p ract ica l application of technical knowledge of electronics
p rin c ip le s , ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
requ ir ed operating condition.

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive des ign fe atu res that d iffe r significantly fr om esta bli shed drafting
pre cedents.
W o r k s in close support with the design o rigin a to r, and m ay
re co m m end m in o r design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of f o r m , function, and positional relationships of components and
p arts. W o r k s with a m in im u m of sup erv isory assistance. Completed w o rk
is re v ie w e d by design o rig in a to r fo r consistency with p r io r engineering
deter minations . M ay eith er p r e p a r e drawings o r direct th eir p repara tion by
l o w e r l e v e l d ra ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and complex drafting as signments
that re q u ir e the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties ty p ic ally involve such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s work ing
d raw ings of s u b a s s e m b l ie s with i r r e g u l a r shapes, multiple functions, and
p r e c i s e positional relationships between components; p r e p a r e s arch it ectura l
d raw ings f o r construction of a building including detail drawings of founda­
tions, w a l l sections, fl o o r pla ns, and roof.
U s e s accepted fo rm u la s and
manuals in mak ing n e c e s s a r y computations to determine quantities of
m a t e r i a ls to be used , load cap aciti es , strengths, s t r e s s e s , etc.
Rec eives
initial in stru cti ons, re q u ir e m e n t s, and advice fr o m s up erv is or.
Completed
w o r k is checked f o r te ch nical adequacy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s detail drawings of single units o r part s fo r
engin eerin g, construction, manufacturing, or re p air p u rp o ses.
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r ic projections (depicting th ree dimensions
in acc urate s c a l e ) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information.
Consolidates details fr o m a nu m b er of
s o u rc es and adjusts o r tr a n s p o s e s scale as required. Suggested methods of
ap proach, applicable p re c e d e n ts , and advice on source m a t e r i a ls ar e given
with initial as sig n m ents. Instructions are less complete when assignments
re c u r . W o r k m ay be s pot-c hecked during p r o g r e s s .

D R A FT E R -T R A C E R
Copies plans and d raw ings p re p a re d by others by placing tr acing
cloth o r p a p e r o v e r d raw in gs and tr acing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim it ed to plans p r i m a r i l y consisting of straight lines and a
l a r g e scale not re qu ir in g close delineation.)

The equipment— consisting of eith er many different kinds of circuits
o r multiple repetition of the sam e kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Ele ctr onic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
r a d a r , radio, television, telephone, so nar, navigational ai ds), (b) digital and
analog com puters, and (c) industrial and m ed ica l m eas u rin g and controlling
equipment.
This clas sification excludes r e p a i r e r s of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e rs ; w o r k e r s whose p r im a r y duty is
s erv icin g elect ronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
o r su p e rv is o r y responsibility; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e rs , and pro fe ssio nal
enginee r s .
Po sit io ns
definitions:

ar e c la s s ifie d

into

le vels on the b a s is of the following

C la s s A . A pplies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex p ro b le m s (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by
r e fere n ce to m an u fa c t u r e rs ' manuals o r s im i la r documents) in working on
electro nic equipment.
E x am p le s of such p ro b le m s include location and
density of circu it ry , electromagne tic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and
frequent enginee rin g changes. W o r k involves:
A detailed understanding of
the in terrelati onship s of circuits; ex ercis ing independent judgment in p e r ­
fo rm in g such tasks as making circuit an aly ses, calculating wave fo rm s ,
tr acing relationships in signal flow; and re g u l a r l y using complex test in­
struments (e .g., dual t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m eters,
pulse gen erat o rs ).
W o r k m ay be revie w ed by s u p e r v i s o r (frequently an engineer or
d e s ig n e r) fo r g en eral compliance with accepted p ract ice s.
M ay provide
technical guidance to l o w e r lev el technicians.
C la s s B . A pplies comprehe ns ive technical knowledge to solve com ­
ple x p ro b le m s (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by p ro perl y
interpreting m a n u fa c t u r e rs ' manuals o r s i m i l a r documents) in working on
electro nic equipment. W o r k involves: A fam ili arity with the in te rre lati on­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining w o rk sequence and in selecting
tools and testing in struments, usually le s s complex than those used by the
clas s A technician.
Rec eiv es technical guidance, as re qu ired , fr o m s u p e rv is o r or higher
l e v e l technician, and w o rk is revie w ed fo r specific compliance with accepted
p ra c t ic e s and w o rk as signments.
M ay p rovid e technical guidance to low e r
lev el technicians.

AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r repetitive drawings of easily v is u alized item s.
W o r k is closely s u p e rv i s e d during p r o g r e s s .




C la s s C . Applie s work ing technical knowledge to p e r f o r m simple or
routine tasks in work in g on elect ronic equipment, following detailed in­
structions which c o v er vir tu ally all p ro c e d u r e s . W o r k typically involves such

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC I A N — C on tin u ed

tasks as: A s s i s tin g higher lev el technicians by p e r fo r m in g such activities as
re placing components, w ir in g c ircu it s, and taking test re adings; repairing
simple electro nic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e.g., m u ltim e te rs , audio sign al g e n e ra t o rs , tube t e s t e r s , o s c il lo s c o p e s ). Is
not re q u ir ed to be fa m i l i a r with the inte rre lati onship s of circuits.
This
knowledge, h o w ev er, m ay be acquired through as signments designe d to in ­
c r eas e competence (including c l a s s r o o m training) so that w o r k e r can advance
to hi gh er l e v e l technician.

equipment; working standard computations rela tin g to load re qu ir em ents of
w ir in g o r electric al equipment; and using a v a r ie t y of e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools
and m eas u rin g and testing instruments. In g e n e r a l , the w o r k of the m a i n ­
tenance electrician re qu ir es rounded tr ainin g and ex p erience usually acquired
through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experi ence.

R ec eiv es technical guidance, as re qu ir ed, f r o m s u p e r v i s o r or higher
le vel technician.
W o r k is typically spot checked, but is given detailed
re v ie w when new o r advanced assignments are involved.
R EGISTER ED IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g is t e r e d nu rse who gives nurs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m ed ica l
direction to il l o r in jured employees o r other p ers o n s who becom e ill or
suff er an accident on the p r e m i s e s of a factory o r other establishm ent.
Duties involve a combination of the fo llo w in g: Giving firs t aid to the i l l o r
injured; attending to subsequent d res s in g of e m p lo y ees ' in ju rie s ; keeping
re co rd s of patients treated; p rep arin g accident re port s fo r compensation or
other p u rp o s e s ; a ssis ting in phy sical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and em plo yees; and planning and c arry in g out p r o g r a m s involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, o r
other activities affecting the health, w e l f a r e , and safety of all personnel.
N ursing s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u rses in establishments employing m o re than
one nurs e a r e excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M AIN TE NA N CE C AR PENTER
P e r f o r m s the carpentry duties n e c e s s a r y to construct and maintain
in good r e p a i r building wo odwork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s , counters,
benches, partitions , d o o r s, flo o r s , s ta irs , cas ings , and t r im m ad e of wood
in an es tablish ment.
W o r k involves most of the fo llo w in g: Planning and
laying out of w o rk fr o m blu epri nts, d raw ings, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l instructions;
using a v ar ie t y of car p e n ter 's handtools, portable p o w e r tools, and standard
m e a s u rin g instru ments; making standard shop computations relating to d i­
mensions of w o rk ; and selecting m a t e ria ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In gen­
e r a l, the w o r k of the maintenance carpente r re q u ir e s rounded training and
experi ence usually acquired through a fo r m a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
training and experien ce .
M AIN TENAN CE ELE C TR IC IAN
P e r f o r m s a v ariety of e l e c t ric a l trad e functions such as the in ­
stallation, maintenance, o r r e p a i r of equipment fo r the generation, d i s t r i ­
bution, o r utilization of e lect ric energy in an es tablish ment. W o r k involves
most of the fo llo w in g: Installing o r repairing any of a v ariety of e l e c t ric a l
equipment such as g e n e ra t o rs , t r a n s f o r m e r s , sw it chb o ard s, c o n t ro lle r s,
circuit b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, conduit s y stem s, o r other t r a n s ­
m is s io n equipment; w ork in g fr o m b luepri nts , d ra w in g s , layouts, o r other
spe cifications ; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e l e c t r ic a l system .or




M AIN TENAN CE PA IN TE R
Paints and redecorates w a l l s , w o o dw o rk , and fixtures of an e s t a b ­
lishment. W ork involves the fo llo w in g: Knowled ge of surfa ce pecu lia rities
and types of paint requir ed fo r different ap plications; p re p a r i n g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by removing old finish o r by placing putty o r f i l l e r in nail holes
and in terstices; and applying paint with s pray gun o r bru sh. M ay m ix co lo r s ,
o ils , white lead, and other paint in gred ients to obtain p r o p e r co lo r o r con­
sistency. In gen eral, the w o rk of the maintenance pain ter r e q u ir e s rounded
training and experience usually acq u ire d through a f o r m a l ap pr entices hip o r
equivalent training and experience.
M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
Produ ces replacement p arts and new p arts in mak ing r e p a i r s of
m et al part s of mechanical equipment operated in an esta blish m en t. W o r k in­
volves most of the fo llo w in g: Interpretin g wri tt en instructions and s p e c ifi c a ­
tions; planning and laying out of w o rk ; using a v ar ie t y of m ach in ist's handtools and precisio n m easu rin g in stru m ents; setting up and operating standard
machine tools; shaping of metal p arts to close t o l e ra n c e s ; making standard
shop computations relating to dimension s of w o rk , tooling, feeds, and speeds
of machining; knowledge of the w o rk in g p r o p e r t i e s of the com mon m etals;
selecting standard m a t e r i a ls , p a r t s , and equipment re qu ired fo r this work ;
and fitting and assem blin g parts into m ech anic al equipment. In g e n e r a l , the
m achin ist's w ork n o rm a lly re qu ires a rounded tr ainin g in m ach in e-s h o p
p ra ctic e usually acquired through a f o r m a l ap pr entices hip o r equivalent
training and experience.
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M A C H IN E R Y )
Repairs m ach iner y or m e c h a n ic a l equipment of an establish ment.
W o r k involves most of the fo llo w in g: E xam in in g mach ines and m ech anic al
equipment to diagnose sourc e of tro ub le; dismantling o r partly dismantling
machines and p erfo rm in g re p airs that m ainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting part s; re placing b ro k en o r defective part s with items
obtained from stock; ord ering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop o r sending the machine to a machine shop fo r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p re p a rin g written specifications fo r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r fo r the production of
parts o rd ere d fr o m machine shops; re a s s e m b li n g m achin es ; and making all
n e c e s s a r y adjustments fo r operation. In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of a m achin ery
maintenance mechanic requ ir es rounded training and exp erience usually
acquired through a fo rm a l ap pr entices hip o r equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded fr o m this clas s ificatio n ar e w o r k e r s who se p r i m a r y
duties involve setting up o r adjusting m achin es.
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M O T O R V E H I C L E )
Repairs automobiles, b u s e s , m o to rtru ck s , and tr a c t o r s of an e s t a b ­
lishment.
W o r k involves most of the fo llo w in g : Exam in in g automotive
equipment to diagnose source of tro ub le; d is a s s e m b lin g equipment and p e r ­
fo rm ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools a s ' w r e n c h e s , ga uges,

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )— Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

d r i l l s , o r sp e c ia liz e d equipment in d is assem b li ng or fitting p arts; replacing
b ro ken o r defective p art s f r o m stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es ; r e ­
as s e m b lin g and in stalling the v ario u s as s e m b lie s in the vehicle and making
n e c e s s a r y ad justments; and aligning w hee ls , adjusting b ra k e s and lights, or
tightening body bolts. In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of the motor vehicle maintenance
m echan ic r e q u ir e s rounded tr ainin g and experience usually acquired through
a fo r m a l appr en tices hip o r equivalent training and experience.

A s s i s t s one o r m o re w o r k e r s in the skilled maintenance tr ad es, by
p e rfo r m in g specific o r g en eral duties of l e s s e r skill, such as keeping a
w o r k e r supplied with m a t e ria ls and tools; cleaning work ing area, machine,
and equipment; as sis ting journeym an by holding m at erials or tools; and
p e rfo r m in g other unskilled tasks as dire cted by jou rneym an.
The kind of
w o rk the help er is permitte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m trade to trade:
In
some trad es the hel per is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials
and tools, and cleaning work in g a r e a s ; and in others he is permitted to
p e r f o r m spe cia liz ed machine operations, o r parts of a trad e that ar e also
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll -tim e b a s is .

This classif icatio n d o e s
not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' vehicles in automobile re p air shops.

mechanics

who

re p air

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O LR O O M )
Sp ecializ e s in operating one o r m o re than one type of machine
tool (e.g., jig b o r e r , grinding machine, engine lathe, m illing machine) to
machine m et al fo r use in making o r maintaining j i g s , fixtu res , cutting tools,
ga uges, or m etal dies o r molds used in shaping o r forming metal or
nonmetallic m a t e r i a l (e.g., pla stic , p la s t e r , ru b b er, g l a s s ).
W o r k typically
in v o lv e s : Planning and p e rfo r m in g difficult machining operations which
requ ir e complicated setups o r a high degre e of acc uracy ; setting up machine
tool o r tools (e .g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
ta b les , and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine p r o p e r feeds, spe eds, tooling, and operation sequence o r select
those p r e s c r i b e d in d raw ings, blueprints, o r layouts); using a var iety of
p recis io n m e a s u rin g instruments; making n e c e s s a r y adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to v e r y close tolera nces.
M ay be re q u ir e d to select p r o p e r coolants and cutting and lubricating oils,
to reco gnize when tools need d ressin g , and to d re s s tools. In gen eral, the
w o rk of a m ach in e-tool o pe rator (toolroom ) at the skill l e v e l called fo r in
this classificati on re qu ir es extensive knowledge of m achin e-shop and tool­
room p ractic e usually acquired through consid erable o n -t h e -jo b training and
exp erien ce .

Installs o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , steam, gas, o r other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an esta blish m en t. W o r k involves most of the fo llo w in g: Lay ing
out w o rk and m e a s u r in g to locate position of pipe fr o m drawings o r other
writt en specifi cations; cutting vario us siz es of pipe to c o rrect lengths with
ch isel and h a m m e r o r oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m ach ines ; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven o r p o w e r -d r i v e n
m achin es; a s s e m b lin g pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
m ak in g stan dard shop computations relating to p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of
pipe re qu ired; and mak ing stan dard tests to determine whether finished pipes
m eet specifications.
In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of the maintenance pipefitter
re q u ir e s rounded train in g and experi ence usually acquired through a fo rm a l
ap pren tices hip o r equivalent training and experience. W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y
engaged in installing and re p airin g building sanitation o r heating systems
ar e ex clu d ed .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and maintains in good r e p a ir the sheet-m etal
equipment and fi xtu res (such as machine guard s, g r eas e pans, shelves,
l o c k e r s , tanks, v entilato rs, chutes, ducts, met al roofing) of an establishment.
W o r k involves m ost of the fo llo w in g: Planning and laying out all types of
s h e e t -m e t a l maintenance w o r k f r o m blueprints, m ode ls, o r other s p e c ific a ­
tions; setting up and o pera tin g all available types of s h eet -m et al working
m ach in es; using a v a r ie t y of handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping,
fitting, and a s s e m b lin g ; and installing sheet-m etal ar ticles as requ ir ed. In
g e n e ra l, the w o r k of the maintenance sheet-m etal w o r k e r re qu ires rounded
train in g and ex p erien ce usually acq uired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent train in g and experi ence.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y wage study p u rp o s e s , this cl assification does not
include m ach in e-to o l ope rators (toolroom ) employed in tool and die jobbing
sh o p s .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
Constructs and re p a i r s j i g s , fixtu res, cutting tools, gauges, or
m etal dies o r molds used in shaping o r form ing m etal or nonmetallic
m a t e ri a l (e .g., p la stic , p la s t e r, ru b b er, g l a s s ).
W o r k typically in v olv es :
Planning and laying out w o rk according to m o d e ls , blueprints, d raw ings, or
other written o r o r a l specifications; understanding the work ing pro perties of
common met als and alloys; selecting appropriate m a t e r i a ls , tools, and
p r o c e s s e s re q u ir e d to complete task; making n e c e s s a r y shop computations;
setting up and operating v ario us machine tools and related equipment; using
v ario us tool and die m a k e r ' s handtools and p re c is io n m eas u rin g instruments;
w ork in g to v e r y close to lera nces; hea t-treating m etal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve re q u ir ed qualities; fitting and as s em b lin g parts to p r e ­
s c rib e d to lera n ces and allowan ces.
In gen eral, the tool and die m a k e r's
w o rk r e q u ir e s rounded training in m ach in e-sho p and toolroom practice
usually acq u ir e d through fo r m a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and
experience.

M ILLW R IG H T
Installs new machin es o r heavy equipment, and dismantles and
in stalls mach ines o r heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout ar e
re qu ir ed. W o r k involves m ost of the fo llo w in g: Planning and laying out work ;
in terpr etin g bluep ri nts o r other specifications; using a v arie ty of handtools
and ri gging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength
of m a t e r i a l s , and cente rs of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment;
selecting standard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and
maintaining in good o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipment such as d riv es and
speed r e d u c e rs .
In g e n e r a l , the m illw rig h t's w o rk n o rm a lly re q u ir e s a
rounded train in g and e x p erien ce in the trade acquired through a fo rm a l
ap pren tices hip o r equivalent training and experience.




F o r c r o s s -i n d u s t r y wage study p u rp o s es , this clas sification does not
include tool and die m a k e rs who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops o r (2) produ ce forg in g dies (die s ink ers).

45

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S H I P P E R A N D R E C E IV E R — C ontinued

O p erates and maintains and m ay al so s u p erv is e the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical o r e l e c t r ic a l) to supply the
establishment in which emp loyed with p o w e r, heat, re fri g e r a t io n , o r a i r conditioning. W o r k involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rbines, ventilating
and r e f ri g e ra tin g equipment, stea m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pumps;
making equipment r e p a i r s ; and keeping a r e c o r d of operation of mac hin ery,
te m p e r a tu re , and fuel consumption.
M a y also s u p e rv is e these operations.
Head o r chief enginee rs in esta blish m en ts employing m o r e than one enginee r
ar e excluded .

R ec eiv ers typically ar e re sp o n s ib le fo r most of the following:
V e r i fy in g the correctness of incoming shipments by co mparing item s and
quantities unloaded against bills of lading, in voices, m anife sts, storage
receip ts, o r other re c o rd s; checking f o r d am aged goods; insuring that
goods are ap propriately identified f o r routing to departments within the
establishment; p rep aring and keeping r e c o r d s o f goods re ceived.
F o r wage study p u rp o s es , w o r k e r s ar e c l a s s ifi e d as fo llo ws:
Shipper
R ec eiv er
Shipper and re c e iv e r

BO ILE R TEND ER
F i r e s stationary b o i l e r s to furn ish the es ta blish ment in which e m ­
ployed with heat, p o w e r, o r steam.
F ee d s fuels to f i r e by hand o r
operates a m ech anic al sto ker, gas, o r oil b u r n e r ; and checks w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s . M ay clean, oil, o r as s is t in re p airin g b o i l e r r o o m equipment.

W A R E HO US E M A N
A s directed , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y of w areho usin g duties which requ ir e
an understanding of the esta bli shm ent's sto ra ge p la n . W o r k involves most
of the fo llo w in g: V erify in g m a t e r i a ls (or m e r c h a n d is e ) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting d is c re p a n c ie s and obvious dam ages; routing
m a t e ria ls to p r e s c r i b e d storage loc ations; storing, stacking, o r palletizing
m a t e r i a ls in accordance with p r e s c r i b e d storage methods; re a r r a n g i n g and
taking inventory of stored m a t e r i a ls ; ex am inin g s to re d m a t e r i a ls and r e ­
porting deterioration and damage; rem oving m a t e r i a l fr o m s to ra ge and
p re p a rin g it fo r shipment. M ay ope rate hand o r p o w e r tr ucks in p e rfo r m in g
w arehousin g duties.

Material Movement and Custodial
T RU CK DR IVER
D r iv e s a truck within a city o r in du strial a r e a to tr ansp ort
m a t e r i a ls , m er ch an d is e, equipment, o r w o r k e r s between v ario u s types of
es tablishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, fr eigh t depots, w a r e h o u s e s ,
who lesale and re tail esta bli sh m ents, or between re tail establish ments and
c u st o m e rs ' houses o r p la ces of b u siness.
M ay al so load o r unload truck
with o r without h e lp e rs , make m in or m echanic al r e p a i r s , and keep truck in
good wo rk in g o rd e r.
Sa le sroute and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s are excluded.
F o r wage study p u rp o s e s ,
rated capacity of truck , as fo llo ws :

tr u c k d r iv e r s

Exclude w o r k e r s whose p r i m a r y duties involve shipping and r e ­
ceiving w o rk (see Shipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r filling
(see O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r operating p o w e r tr ucks (see P o w e r - T r u c k O p e ra t o r).

ar e c la s s ifi e d by type and

T r u c k d r i v e r , light truck
(straight truck, under I V 2 tons, usu ally 4 w hee ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m ed iu m truck
(stra ight truck, IV 2 to 4 tons in clusiv e, usually 6 w h ee ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , heavy truck
(straight truck, o v e r 4 tons, usually 10 w h e e ls )
Truckdriver, tracto r-trailer

ORDER FILLE R
F i lls shipping or t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r finished goods fr o m sto red
m erchandis e in accordance with specifi catio ns on s ales slips , c u s t o m e rs '
o r d e r s , o r other instructions.
M a y , in addition to filling o r d e r s and in ­
dicating items filled o r omitted, keep r e c o r d s of outgoing o r d e r s , requisition
additional stock o r report short supplies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
related duties.

SH IPPE R A N D R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p hy sical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establish ment in which em ployed and receiv ing incoming
shipments.
In p e rfo r m in g d a y -t o - d a y , routine ta sk s , fo llo w s esta blished
guidelines. In handling unusual non routine p r o b l e m s , re c e iv e s s pecific guid­
ance fr o m s u p e r v i s o r o r other officials .
M ay dire ct and coordinate the
activities of other w o r k e r s engaged in handling goods to be shipped o r being
received.

SH IPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s finished products f o r shipment o r storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the spe cific ope rations p e r f o r m e d being dependent
upon the type, siz e, and num ber of units to be packed, the type of container
em ployed, and method of shipment. W o r k r e q u ir e s the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g: Knowledg e
of vario us items of stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; selection of appr opr iate
type and size of container; in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in container; using e x c e ls io r
o r other m aterial to prevent b r e a k a g e o„- dam age; closing and sealing
container; and applying labels o r entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s who also make wooden b o xes o r cr ates ar e excluded.

Shippers typically a r e re sp o n s ib le fo r m ost of the following:
V e rify in g that o r d e r s ar e accura te ly fi lled by co m pari ng items and quantities
of goods gathered fo r shipment against documents; in su ring that shipments
are p ro p e rly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into
tr an sporting v ehicles; p re p a r i n g and keeping re c o rd s of goods shipped, e. g.,
m anife sts , b ills of lading.




46

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GU A R D — Continue d

A w o r k e r em plo yed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, sto re , o r
other es ta blish m en t whose duties involve one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g:
L oading and unloading v a r io u s rtiaterials and merchandise on o r fr o m freight
c a r s , truck s, o r other transp orting devices; unpacking, shelving, o r placing
m a t e r i a ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p ro p e r storage location; and tr an sporti ng
m a t e r i a ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, car, o r w h e e lb a r ro w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships, are exclud ed .

Guard s employed by es tablishments which provide protective s e r ­
v ic es on a contract b a s is a r e included in this occupation.

P O W E R -T R U C K O PE R A T O R
O p e ra t e s a m anually controlled gas o lin e- o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m anufact ur ing plant, o r other establishment.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o rk e rs
tr uck, as follo ws:

ar e classified by type of p o w e r -

F o rk lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e ra t o r (other than forklift)

F o r w age study p u rp o s es , guards ar e cla s s ified as follows:
C la s s A . E n fo rc es regulations designed to prevent b re aches of
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s judgment and uses discre tion in dealing with e m e r ­
gencies and security violations encountered.
Determines whether first
response should be to intervene dire ctly (asking fo r assista nce when deemed
n e c e s s a r y and time a l lo w s ), to keep situation under surveil la nce, or to r e ­
port situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority.
Duties
re q u ir e spe cia liz ed training in methods and techniques of protecting security
a r e a s . C om m only, the gu ard is re qu ired to demonstrate continuing physical
fitness and p ro ficie ncy with f i r e a r m s or other specia l weapons.
C la s s B . C a r r i e s out instructions p r im a r il y oriented to w ard in ­
suring that em e r g e n c ie s and security violations ar e readily discovere d and
report ed to ap propriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which
re q u ir e m in im al action to s afeg u ar d p ro pe rty o r perso ns.
Duties require
m in im al training.
Com monly, the gu ard is not re quir ed to demonstrate
p hysical fitness. M a y be a r m e d , but g en erally is not requ ir ed to demonstrate
p ro ficie ncy in the use of f i r e a r m s o r specia l weapons.
JANITOR, PO R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

GUARD
P r o te c t s p ro p e rty f r o m theft o r dam age, o r p ers o n s fr o m ha zard s
o r in ter fere n ce.
Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on
foot o r by m o to r v eh icle, o r escort in g persons or property. M ay be deputized
to make a r r e s t s .
M a y also help vis itors and customers by an swerin g
questions and giving directions.




47

Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r l y condition factory work ing areas and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s of an office, apartment house, o r co m m ercia l o r
other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the follo win g: Sweeping,
mopping o r s cru bbin g, and polishing flo o r s ; removing chips, tr ash, and other
re fu se; dusting equipment, furn itu re, o r fi x tures; polishing metal fixtures o r
t r im m i n g s ; providing supplies and m in or maintenance s e rv i c e s ; and cleaning,
la v a to r ie s , s h o w e rs , and re s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who spe cialize in window
washing ar e excluded.

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The following a r e a s ar e s u r ­
veyed p erio d ic a lly fo r use in adm in ­
isteri ng the S e rv ic e Contract Act
of 1965.
Su rvey re sults are p ub­
lished in re le a s e s which are a v a i la ­
b le, at no cost, while supplies last
fr o m any of the B L S regional offices
shown on the back cover.
A la s k a (statewide)
Albany, Ga.
A le x an d ria—L e e s v i l l e , La.
Alpena—
Standish—T a w a s City, Mich.
Ann A r b o r , Mich.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B a k e rs fie ld , Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle C reek , Mich.
Beaumont—P o r t A rt h u r—O r a n g e , T ex.
Beaumont— o r t A r t h u r — ra nge
P
O
and Lake C h a rle s , T e x . —La.
Biloxi—Gulfport and P a s c a g o u l a —
M oss Point, M is s .
Binghamton, N .Y .
B irm in gh am , Ala .
Bloomington—V in c e n n e s , Ind.
B re m erton—
Shelton, W ash.
B ru n s w ick , Ga.
C ed a r Rapids, Iowa
Champaign— r b a n a—Rant oul, 111.
U
Charleston—North Charlesto n—
W a lt e r b o r o , S.C.
Charlotte—
Gaston ia, N .C .
Cheyenne, Wyo,
C la r k s v ille —H op k in s v ille, T e n n . - K y .
C olorado S p r i n g s , Colo.
Columbia— u m t e r , S.C.
S
Colum bus, Ga.—Ala.
Colum bus, M i s s .
Decatur, 111.
Des M oines, Iowa
Duluth— u p e rio r, Minn.—W is.
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T ex .—N. Mex.
Eugene—
Springfield—M e d f o r d , O r e g .
Fayette ville, N.C.




F o r t L a u d e rd a le —
Hollywood
and W e s t P a l m Beach —
B o c a Raton, Fla.
F o rt Smith, A rk . —
Okla.
F r e d e r i c k —Hagers town—
C h a m b e r sb u rg , M d.—Pa.
G oldsboro, N.C.
Grand Is la nd— a s ti n g s , N eb r.
H
Guam , T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —Lebanon, Pa .
K noxvil le, Tenn.
L a r e d o , Tex.
L a s V e g a s —Tonopah, Nev.
L i m a , Ohio
Little Rock—North Little Rock, A rk .
L og ansp ort— e r u , Ind.
P
L orain —E ly r ia , Ohio
L o w e r E as tern Shore, Md.— a . —Del.
V
Maco n, Ga.
M adison, W is .
M aine (statewide)
M an s fie ld , Ohio
M c A lle n —P h a r i ^ E d i n b u r g
and B row nsville—Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id dles ex , Monmouth, and
Ocean Cos., N.J.
M ob ile—Pe nsaco la —P a n am a City,
A la . —Fla.
Montana (statewide)
N as h v ille—Davidson, Tenn.
N e w B ern —J ack s o n v ille, N.C.
N ew H am p sh ir e (statewide)
N ew London—N orw ic h , Conn.—R.I.
North Dakota (statewide)
Nor thern N ew Y o r k
North west T exas
O rland o , Fla.
O xnard —
Simi V a lle y —
Ventura, Calif.
P e o r i a , 111.
Ph oe nix, A r i z .
Pine Bluff, A rk .
P u e b lo , Colo.
Pu e rt o Rico
Raleigh—Durh am , N .C .
Reno, Nev.
Salina, Kans.

Salinas—
Seaside—Monterey, Calif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L om poc, Calif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a, Ala.
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota (statewide)
Southern Idaho
Southwest V irgin ia
Spokane, Wash.
Springfield, 1
11.
Stockton, Calif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tam p a—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson—Do ug la s, A r i z .
T u ls a , Okla.
U p p e r Peninsula, Mich.
V erm o n t (statewide)
V i r g i n Islands of the U.S.
W aco and Killeen—T em p le , Tex.
W a te r lo o —Ced ar F a l l s , Iowa
W es t V ir g in ia (statewide)
W ichita F alls —Lawton—A lt u s ,
T ex.—
Okla.
Wilmington, Del.—N.J .—Md.
Y akima—Richland—Kennewick—
Pendleton, W ash.— re g.
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
An annual re port on s a l a r i e s fo r
accountants, au ditors, chief account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts, d i r e c ­
to r s of p ersonnel, b u y e r s , chemists,
e n g in e e rs , enginee ring technicians,
d r a f t e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l em ployees
is av aila b le.
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, National Su rv ey of P r o ­
f e s s io n a l, A d m in is trativ e, T echnica l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2.40
a copy, fr o m any of the B L S r e ­
gional s ales offices shown on the
back c o v er, o r f r o m the S u p e rin ­
tendent of Docu ments, U.S . G o v e r n ­
ment Prin tin g O ffice, Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A list of the latest bulletins availa ble is presented below.
Bulletins
m ay be p u rc h a s e d fr o m any of the B L S regional offices shown on the back
c o v e r , or fr o m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffi ce, W as hing ton, D .C . 20402.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Documents.
A d ir e c t o r y of occupational wage surveys, covering the years
1970 through 1976, is av a ila b le on request.

A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, Dec. 1977__________________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977 ----------------------Anah eim —Santa Ana—G ar d e n G r o v e ,
C a lif., Oct. 1977_________________________________________________
Atlanta, G a., M a y 1977----------------------------------------------------------B a l t im o r e , M d . , A ug. 1977----------------------------------------------------B illin g s , Mon t., July 19771 ____ ________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977-----------------------------------------------Boston, M a s s . , A ug. 1977 -----------------------------------------------------B uff alo , N . Y . , Oct. 1977 ................. ........................................ —
Canton, Ohio, M a y 1977 1 -------------------------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a . , Sept. 1977 ------------------------------------Chica go , 111., M a y 1977 1________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Lnd., July 1977 1 --------------------------------Cle vela nd, Ohio, Sept. 1977 1 ------------------------------------------------Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1977----------------------------------------------------C orpus C h rist i, T e x . , July 1977 1 _____________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , Oct. 1977___________ __________ ____
Davenport—Rock Island—M o lin e , Iowa—111., Feb. 1978_______
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1977 1________________________________________
Daytona Beach, F l a . , A u g. 1977 1______________________________
Den ver—B o u l d e r , C olo., Dec. 1977 1
___________________________
Detroit, M ic h ., M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a li f., June 1977 _______________________________________
G a in e s v il l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B ay , W i s . , July 1977_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o - W i n s t o n - S a l e m —Hig h Point,
N . C . , Aug. 1977 1 ________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille —Spar tanburg , S . C ., June 1977 ____________________
H a rt fo rd , Conn., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
Houston, T ex ., A ug. 1977 1 ______________________________________
Hun tsvil le , A l a . , Feb. 1978______________________________________
Indianapolis, Lnd., Oct. 1977____________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Jem. 1978________________________________________
J ack sonvi lle, F l a . , Dec. 1977___________________________________
K ansas City, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1977------------------------------------L o s A n g e le s —Long B each, C a li f., Oct. 1977------------------------L o u is v il l e , Ky.—Lnd., Nov. 1977 1 ______________________________
M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k . —M i s s ., Nov. 1977______________________




Bulletin number
and p r i c e *
1950-70, 80 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
2025-6,
1950-71,
1950-43,
1950-74,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
70 cents
$1.10
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
2025-4,
1950-56,
2025-1,
1950-67,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$1.40
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

A rea

Bulletin number
and p r i c e *

M ia m i , F l a . , Oct. 1977__________________________________________ 1950-57, $1.00
M il w auk ee, W i s . , A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
1950-14, $1.10
Minneapolis—St. P a ul, Minn.—W i s . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 * _____________
2025-2, $1.40
N a s sa u -S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________ 1950-27, $1.00
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 19781_______________________________________ 2025-7, $1.40
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1978__________________________ _________ 2025-5, $1.00
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N .J ., M ay 1977______________________________
1950-31, $1.20
Norfo lk—V ir g in i a Beach—Portsmouth, V a N . C . , M ay 1977 ________________ _________ ____________ _________1950-20, 70 cents
N orfo lk —V ir g in i a Beach—Portsmouth and
New port N ew s —Hampton, V a.—N . C . , M ay 1977____________
1950-21, 70 cents
North eas t Pe nnsylv ania , Aug. 1977 1__________________________
1950-38, $1.10
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1977 1 ____________________________
1950-49, $1.10
Om ah a, N e b r . - I o w a , Oct. 1977 1 ______________________________
1950-55, $1.10
P a ter son—Clifton—P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1977 _________________ 1950-34, 70 cents
Phil adelphia, Pa .—N .J ., Nov. 1977_____________________________
1950-62, $ 1.20
Pi tt sburgh, P a . , Jan. 19 78_____________________________________ 2025-3, $1.10
Portland, M ain e , Dec. 1977____________________________________
1950-69, 70 cents
Portl and, O re g . —W a s h ., M ay 1977 1___________________________
1950-32, $1.20
Poughkeepsie, N . Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
1950-25, 70 cents
Poughkeep sie—K in gs to n -N ew b u rgh , N . Y . , June 1976_______ 1900-55, 55 cents
Pro v id ence— a rw i c k —Pa w tuc ket, R.I.—
W
M a s s . , June 1977 1 _______________________________ _____________
1950-22, $1.20
Richmond, V a . , June 1977 1 _________________ ___________________ 1950-23, $1.10
St. L ou is , M o .-111., M a r . 1977 __________________________ _____ _ 1950-10, $1.20
Sacramento, C a lif., Dec. 1977 1_______________________________
1950-72, $1.00
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1977_________________________ ____________
1950-59, 70 cents
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, N ov. 1977______________________
1950-68, 80 cents
San Antonio, T ex ., M ay 1977 1_________________________________
1950-24, $1.10
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1977 1 ___________________ _____ ________
1950-73, $1.10
San Franc is co -O a kland , C a lif., M a r . 1977__________________
1950-29, $1.20
San Jose, C a lif., M a r . 1978 1 __________________________________
2025-9, $1.20
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Dec. 1977_____________________________ 1950-75, 80 cents
South Bend, Lnd., Aug. 1977 1 __________________________________
1950-51, $1.10
T oledo, Ohio—M ic h ., M a y 1977________________________________
1950-18, 80 cents
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1977_______________________________________
1950-47, 70 cents
Utica—R om e, N . Y . , July 1977 1 ________________________________
1950-37, $1.10
Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a . , M a r . 1977 ______________________
1950-11, $1.20
W ichita, Kans., A p r . 1977 1 ____________________________________
1950-16, $1.10
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 _________________________________
1950-15, 70 cents
Y o r k , P a ., Feb. 19781_______1
__________________________________
2025-8, $1.10

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Ciass Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
R e g i o n II

R e g i o n 111

R e g i o n IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A reaC o de617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
D istrict of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

R e g io n V

R e g io n VI

R e g io n s V II a n d V III

R e g io n s IX a n d X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (A re a C o d e 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (A reaC o de214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (A reaC o de816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

V II

V III

IX

X

Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
California

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington

R e g io n

I

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




H a w a ii

Nevada