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Area Wage Survey
San Jose, California, Metropolitan Area, March 1976
Bulletin 1900-13
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics







Preface
T h is b u lle t in p r o v id e s r e s u l t s o f a M a r c h
1976 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s in the San J o s e , C a lif o r n i a ,
S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a (S anta C la r a
C o u n t y ). T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u r e a u
o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s ' annual a re a w age s u r v e y p r o ­
g r a m , w h ic h is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld d a ta f o r in d iv id u a l
m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s a s w e l l a s n a t io n a l and r e g io n a l
e s t im a t e s f o r a ll S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l
A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a and
H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th r o u g h th e a n a ly s is o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l a nd d is t r ib u t io n
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , and ( 2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f
w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y a nd s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r
m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m in ­
i s t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m in in g p la n t l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e
u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1 965.
C u r r e n t ly , 84 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . (S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . ) In
e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d

a n n u a lly .
I n fo r m a t io n o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s is o b ta in e d e v e r y
t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s
a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i­
v id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e San J o s e s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . ,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f M ilt o n K e e n a n , A s s i s ­
ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
The
s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e
c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y
d a ta p r o v id e d th e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l in fo r m a t io n
in th is b u lle t in .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
in th e San J o s e a r e a is a l s o a v a ila b le f o r th e m e t a l ­
w o r k in g in d u s t r y .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th is r e p o r t a r e
a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S ee
b a ck c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

A rea W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-13

July 1976

San Jose, C alifornia,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
M arch 1976

Contents

Page

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________

2

T a b le s — C o n tin u e d
A.

T a b le s :
A.

E a r n in g s :
A -l.
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 3
A - l a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____ 5
A -2 .
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________ 6
A - 2 a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s —l a r g e
7
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________
A -3 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________ 8
A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________ 9
A -4 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 1 0
A - 4 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____ 11
A -5 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 1 2




E a r n in g s — C o n tin u e d
A - 5 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________ 13
A -6.
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ____________________ 14
A - 6 a. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d ia l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________ 1 5
A -7 .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d
f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h if t s ______________ 16

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B .

S c o p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y ________ 17
O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________ 21

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h ic h th e U .S.
D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la t e d b e n e f it s .
In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y
a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
a n d te le p h o n e in t e r v i e w .
R e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
ta cted :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m
th e se
s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la ­
t io n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

( c ) m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , an d p o w e r p la n t , an d (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a th r o u g h A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r da ta f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u rses,
s k ille d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , m a n u fa c tu r in g , and
n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e lim in a t io n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s a s w e l l a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s i n ­
c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e
a p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix e s

A - s e r i e s t a b le s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s in fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s
o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s .
O ccu pa­
t io n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m th e f o llo w in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l,

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d
b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to c la s s ify w o r k e r s b y
o c c u p a t io n .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Jose, Calif., March 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

s

S

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean

^

Median

^

Middle ranged

110
[Under
and
S
under
no
120

I

$

s

s

120

130

1A0

150

160

130

1A0

150

160

170

15

A0

9A

108

165

i—
I ---- s
s
5
170
200 210
180
190

s

r

$

S

5

i

220

230

2A0

250

260

270

T ---- i —
T280
290
300
and

180

190

200

210

22 0

230

.2A0

250

260

270

280

290

121

7A

107

10b

56

61

33

13

21

13

37
32
e

300

over

ALL WORKERS
$_
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,99 A
1,171
52

AO.O

189.00

182.00 161.50-212.50
182.00-255.50

/ A A

$
$
173.00-230.50

46
-

-

387
125

3

261.00

56
. 633
.

$

An
->.00

9A
9
18

t5
8

34

42

31

121

192

115

112

65

60

20

39
J1

'00
A 0 ,0 211.50 211.00 196.50-228.00

-

*-

-

-

5

7

13

12

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------. 1,121

AO.O 203.50 197.50 180.50-222.00

-

-

-

19

10

16

95

136
56

62

86

0

10
10

12
8

33
32

19
18

3
3

20
1

16

10

y

20
19

25
12

56
17
39

2A
26

20
16

3
1

* A ^93^00 J
187.50
|
^
1 B.00

*Q q

i

27
1

162.00-203.50

xG0.->0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

151
119

AO.O 180.50 177.00 161.00AO.O 186.00 177.50 161.00-

ST EN OGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------

266
170

AO.O 197.50 200.00
^0.0

20A.00
20A.50 -

170.00-229.00

-

A

-

7
5

1
15

65

62
33
29

222

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG '---------------- >-

19

2^2.50

30

■25.50

i

3

1

1nT

21
1A
7
A8
A2

n

1
i

3
A0

1

A7
39
8

2

-

*3
i

63

A5

17
11

A

i

17
16

1

*
_
*

9

18
11

4
4

8
8

16
16

-

-

-

-

21

10

25

35

18
18

AA

-

-

2

3

1
1

-

-

-

7
3

-

-

-

-

n

59
1

A
2
2
*
*

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*.
■
'
M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------— ----

296

40.0

~ 0
TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------- ----

187
90

39.5 1A5.50 1A 0 .00 129.50-163.50
AO.O 151.50 1A6.00 136.00-166.00
U 0 . 00-158.00

8

13

38
3
35

21

35

182.00
209.00 232.00 176.00-2A2.50

20

63
19
AA

36
1A
22

3A
22
12

19
11

25
13

19
10

A3
A3
r ILL vL LK^ j

f

^ ® ‘®
/Art
0.0

162
IOC

39.5 1A6.00 1A2.50 133.50-155.00

8

1

16

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 100 t o $ 110.

21

121.00-150.50

22
21

11

57
3A

121
121

-

-

-

*

3

22

A9
29

36

24

1AO.00

-

22
16

8
1

17

'

i
13

6

7

-

3

3

1
1

1

i
1

1 at $ 300 t o $ 3 I d ; 1 at $ 310 to $ 3 20 ; 6 at $ 320 to $ 3 3 0 ; 3 a t $ 340 t o $ 3t 0 ; 2 at $ 350 t o $ 3 60 ; and 1 at $ 4 0 0 t o $ 4 1 0 .

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




44

1
17
1A

*
*
**

3

1
1

97
151
75
o p t R A T 0R -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

3 •

10

LLAoJ L
1

switchboard

?.o

1

•r

-

T ab le A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard!

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard]

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Mean *

Median *

Middle range 2

no
U nder and
no

s

$

%

120

130

S

140

150

160

S

170

S

180

S

190

I

I

200

210

220

s

S

i

230

240

250

i

260

s

$

270

280

T --------

290

300
and

under

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

10
10

5
5

41
41

7
7

40
40

24
24

21
21

33
19

4
3

5
5

113
91
22
-

163
89
74
19

114
79
35
3

104
56
48
14

78
77
1
1

56
43
13
2

37
19
18
14

57
19
38
6

37
1
36
9

15
4
11
*

38
•
38
9

2
1

8
3

19
19

22

26

over

240

250

260

270

280

290

3
3

9
9

20
20

3
3

-

-

11

-

*

*

14

3

5

1
1
1

_

9

18
7
11
1

5

5

7
2

4
1
1

*

*

2
2
-

*

_
-

18
18
*

“

8

.

3

-

•
3

1
1
*

.

-

1
1

6

-

-

-

6

"

*

-

-

300

ALL W O R K E R S -C O N T IN U E ?
ORDER C L E R K S ------ ;---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

231
205

$
$
$
$
39.5 193.00 187.00 165.00-210.00
39.5 187.00 179.50 160.00-205.00

-

”

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C LA SS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------

747
500
247
65

40.0 180.00
40.0 178.50
40.0 184.00
40.0 194.00

-

-

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------

764
347
417
82

40.0 155.50 149.50 136.00-167.00
40.0 145.50 142.50 134.00-154.00
40.0 164.00 154.00 140.50-183.00
40.0 156.00 148.00 131.50 -1 73 .O0

PA YR O LL CLERKS -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

173

196.50 198.00
40.0 192.00 190.50
39.0 201.50 208.50

95

78
369

3 9 .5

174.00
174.00
176.00
182.00

161.00-192.00
160.50-192.00
164.00-190.60
167.00-214.00

-

-

”

-

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C LA SS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

212
157

40.0 183.00 171.00 16 6. 00 -1 99 .SO
40.0 186.50 173.00 166.00-208.00
40.0 178.50 168.00 168.00-196.50

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A SS 8 ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

400
133

39.5 167.50
40.0 174.00

165.00 146.50-192.00
164.00 149.50-194.50

118
94
24
6

173
70
103
24

97
68
29
5

72
31
41
4

3
3
-

16
13
3

20
10
10

29

31
31
-

116
59
57

54
32
22

24
19

23

6
2
4

26
15

51
22

59
21

34
16

52
19

23

_

.

-

72
29
43
9

53
26
27
8

170.00-214.00
169.00-206.50
172.50-220.50

“

29
23
6
-

-

.

“

“

-

17
-

27

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




4

23

15
14

5

-

10
3
7
1

2

12
lo

10
16

15
15

23
14
9

14
2
12

17
4

9
9

46
2

40
8

1
1

5

5

d

9

13

18
18

-

2

“

14
8
6

29
29

6
6

-

1

1

2
2

“

3

-

•
-

_
-

_
-

•

*

*
-

-

-

-

*

~

*

•

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
I

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

120
Median i

Mean ^

Middle ranged

U n der

S
120

130

190

S

s

$

$

150

160

s
170

s

180

s

s

190

200

s

$
210

220

$

230

s

$

290

250

S
260

S

s

270

280

s

290

$

300

and
u n d er

130

310
and

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

29o

250 ..26fl

27fl

.280

290

over

300

310

g

1

1
1

*12

27

23

11

24

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$

53

210.00

fvJ

5
1AK1 L f

Ajo

23 6.00-278.50

A " "

1

*

269.00 ^ 4 * 0 0
SECRETARIES. CLASS B

1 AK I L b i

vLAbb

--------------------------------

v*

502

40.0 237.00 230.00 20 9.00-270.00

885

-

-

-

2

5

10

15

17

19

58

67

57

53

88
95

205.00

vL A jb

16

39

38

7

lfl'OO
b L ^ n u 1A K I L j y

21

2

1
1

U

186*50

*

1

iS

1

1

17
dJ
1 A9

dlC.50

129
87

39.5 152.50

35

1

30
22

199.50 133.00-170.00

19
11

“

L6
13

10

20
16
1

175*50
M A NU FA CT UR IN G

-------------------------------------------------

192

90.0

* 00

179.50

1 7 9 )5 0

t4
157.50-195.50

-

-

10

5

171*00

272
c.06

90.0
90.0

7

19

29
23

39 ^
M A NU FA CT UR IN G

33

29
29

21

56

195.00 191.00
169._.0

139.00-159.00

26

23

82

86
52
39

L9

92

25
k6

4

12

1

27

23

18

19

52

23

46

29

-

3

157.50-199.00

12

22

90

32

1 at $ 3 1 0 t o $ 3 2 0 ; 5 at $ 3 2 0 t o $ 3 3 0 ; 3 at $ 3 4 0 t o $ 3 5 0 ; 2 at $ 3 5 0 t o $ 3 6 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 4 0 0 t o $ 4 1 0 .

5

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

tb

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

14
O 00
4-

W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

177.00

;

8

29
1

J

*

180.00

9

-

1

170*00
39.5

3
3

196.00 207 0

292

3

1-4

28

-------------------------------------------------

5

1

lo

1

T ab le A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-----

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

M edian 2

Middle range2

S

S

s

S

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

S'

5

t~

*

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

420

1 --------990

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

990

over

20

130
Mean 2

S

s

12

s

and
under
190

and

ALL WORKERS

\D U J 1 NCOO l

$

M

$

$

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
--

----------

9 0 .0

9 0 0 .5 0

3 9 6 .0 0

$

3 6 8 .0 0 -9 9 2 .0 0
8

370*50

8

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
223

9 0 .0

—

3 2 2 .0 0 3 7 2 .5 0
3 3 3 .5 0 -3 7 9 .0 0

3 2 2 .0 0

2 8 2 .0 0 -

3 2 3 .5 0
3 2 9 .5 0

3 2 0 .0 0

3 0 6 .5 0 -3 3 9 .0 0

3 2 1 .0 0

2 7 8 .5 0
2 8 2 .5 0

2 7 5 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0
2 6 9 .0 0

2 5 6 .0 0 2 9 3 .5 0
2 6 1 .5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0
2 9 9 .0 0 2 9 0 .5 0

3 9 .5

1
1

3 6 1 .5 0

22
13

8
1

U

2

197

2 6 6 .0 0

2 9 2 .5 0

i

44

I f

26
22

92

64

97

15

19

22
13

13

i

8

6

12

(BUSINESS),
2 1 6 .5 0 -2 6 5 .0 0

10

2 5 2 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 5 2 .0 0
2 5 7 .5 0

2 2 8 .0 0 2 2 8 .0 0 -

2 2 7 .5 0
.- 3 0 .0 0

2 2 5 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0 -2 9 1 .5 0
2 0 0 .5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

1 9 8 .0 0 1 9 8 .0 0 -

2 6 5 . 5 0 10
2 6 8 . 0 0 10

328

2 8 2 .0 0

2 8 1 .5 0
2 8 2 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0 2 6 0 .0 0 -

219

220 Cr
2 1 9 .5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0 1 9 6 .0 0 -

2 3 9 .0 0
2 9 1 .0 0

/ A
/ A

106
79

A 0 .A
A0

172

2 ,3 8 9
2 .2 9 1

TE CH NICIANS, CLASS A-

r
A

'0

0
9 0 .0

/A r

1 8 6 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0

2 7 6 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0

11

1

21
17

2 6 9 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0

2 2 8 .0 0 -

225.00-

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 8 9 .5 0
. 0 0 . -.0

2 9 7 .0 0
2 9 7 .5 0

2 6 9 .0 0 2 6 1 .0 0 -

808

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 9 5 .0 0
.9 0 .-.0

2 3 5 .0 0

2 0 8 .0 0 2 0 8 .0 0 -

2 8 9 .0 0
281 . 0 0

9 0 .0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 9 7 .0 0

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS C-

277

2 5 9 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s :

1 7 9 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0

25
25

39
35

39
26

65
99

27

1

1

18
18

2

2
8
8

18

62

21

56

50
30

52
97

31
27

l

91

16

17

33

11

92
92

60
60

82
82

163
153

80
80

267
261

281

11
11

90
90

185
185

90

27

259
299

921
361

999

113

10
10

158

255

969

116

8

14

33

65
55

33

2

31
31

266

7

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

15
15

27

53
53

116
116

99
99

153
198

99

27

27
27

33
33

29
29

92
32

20
20

29
23

2

91

22

13

60

166

95

79

21

1 8 a t $ 440 to $ 4 6 0 ; 15 a t $ 460 to $ 4 8 0 ; 16 at $ 4 80 to $ 500; 4 a t $ 500 to $ 5 2 0 ; 1 at $ 520 t o $ 540; and 1 at $ 560 t o $ 580.

6

1

27

39

96
29

1

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

it

37
39

83
73

,
„
2 5 0 .0 0 -2 7 6 .5 0

19
19

27
27

5

10
10

29

21

27

1

92

3 1 3 .0 0
3 1 3 .0 0

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS B-

33
22

2

309.uo

1 ,3 0 9
1 .2 9 2

10

18
18

3 0 9 .0 0

2 6 8 .0 0

21

12

21

11

29

1 7 1 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

'0 0

18
17

22

19
18

12
7

1

3 0 5 .0 0
3 0 9 .5 0

297
190




32

1

8

*

39
lo

(BUSINESS),

60

electronics

31
29

20

a

(BUSINESS).

*51

COMP UT ER P R O G RA MM ER S

18

3 0 8 .0 0 -3 9 1 .0 0

9 0 .0

COMP UT ER P R O G RA MM ER S
CLASS,
^

——

3 9 1 .0 0
3 9 9 .5 0

9 0 .0

COMP UT ER PR O G R A M M E R S

——— — —

3 2 7 .5 0

9 0 .0

□

3 9 2 .0 0
3 5 2 .0 0

3 9 .0

v o u o in r .o o • %

1
1

29

2

Table A -2 a .

W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Number Average
weekly
of
hours*
workeis
(standard

Median 2

Middle range2

160

170

180

190

$

$

i

i
150

200

210

220

230

240

25u

$
260

$

$
280

300

s

5
320

340

360

$

$
380

400

.Under
and
S
under

420

and

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

ovex

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

$

$

$

1

134

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
3 3 3 .5 0 -3 7 6 .0 0
132

3 5 2 .0 0

3 4 9 .5 0

283

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

4 0 .0

4 0 .0

3 2 3 .5 0

3 1 9 .0 0

148

4 0 .0

2 7 5 .5 0

2 7 4 .5 0

126

4 0 .0

2 7 7 .0 0

2 7 5 .5 0

39

(BUSINESS),
J u J J i

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

iU w

2 6 4 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0
2 6 3 .5 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C ----------------------------

51

4 0 .0

2 5 0 .5 0

2 5 6 .0 0

2 3 3 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

155
141

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 8 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 5 8 .0 0
2 6 1 .0 0

215
192

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 8 .0 0
2 3 1 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

73
54

3 9 .5

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

267
257

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

3

3

6

3

5
4

10
9

15
14

22

11

21

11

35
25

18
18

2 3 1 .5 0 -2 8 1 .5 0

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

.

•
-

•
-

9
7

4

6

2

6

12
12

8

-

-

a

-

-

-

.
-

•
-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
19

24
24

-

-

-

-

-

l
l

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

-

13
12

58
45

b

21
31
29

3

4
4

34
34

27
27

1
1

u

38
34

2 3 1 .5 0 -2 8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2 2 6 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0

2 0 0 .5 0 -2 4 1 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

_

_

J

-

-

1

7
1

21
17

22
21

16
16

25
25

24
24

2 0 8 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 6 9 .0 0

3
2

5

4

3
2

6
6

6
5

12
7

3
1

1

4 0 .0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 3 4 .5 0

-

-

i
i

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 8 .0 0
2 7 9 .5 0

2 8 0 .0 0
2 8 2 .0 0

2 5 2 .5 0 -3 0 3 .0 0
2 5 5 .5 0 -3 0 3 .0 0

_

3
3

7
7

17
14

21
18

32
30

47
46

55
55

66
66

15
15

1
1

-

-

-

225

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 5 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0

2 0 5 .0 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

170

2 2 0 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0

50
30

20
16

26
25

6
6

10
10

27
27

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 0 3 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0

-

-

1

-

_

V
j

-

-

-

-

3
2

2
2

2
2

11
11

29

41

21

19

15
15

36

49
49

71
71

131

70

86

70

no

86

154
154

222
222

310
310

462
462

130
113

10
10

7

131

99
98

110

36

7

-

-

11
11

26
26

58
58

47
47

122
122

131
131

169
169

432
432

116
99

8

7
7

-

-

37
37

32
32

50
50

141
141

30
30

14
14

2
2

-

-

12

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

E L E C TR ON IC S T E CH NI CI AN S ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

1 ,9 9 2
1 ,9 7 4

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 5 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

2 7 1 .5 0
2 7 1 .0 0

2 2 9 .5 0 -3 1 1 .5 0
2 2 8 .5 0 -3 0 9 .5 0

1 ,1 3 2

2 9 0 .0 0
2 8 9 .0 0

2 9 9 .0 0
2 9 9 .0 0

2 6 1 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0
2 6 1 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

-

12
12

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS AM A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

1 ,1 1 5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

E L E C TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS BM A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

627
627

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .0 0
2 4 4 .0 0

2 3 7 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0

2 0 8 .0 0 -2 8 4 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0 -2 8 4 .0 0

2
2

E L E C TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS C-

233

4 0 .0

2 0 5 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0
1
« - v u • - u7 8 . 5 0 - 2 2 4 . 5 0

10

2 6 0 .0 0

2 5 9 .5 0

232

*

---------

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s :

53

o
o

R E G I ST ER ED IN DUSTRIAL NURSES

2 4 1 .5 0 -2 7 6 ,5 0

18
18

.
-

-

-

5
5

15
15

21
21

47
47

94
94

39
39

60

-

2
2

60

41
41

18

13

21
21

28

24

32

20

13

11

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

4

8

3

-

ro
-

-




7

m

-

41

12

12

25 at $ 420 to $ 4 4 0 ; 18 at $ 4 40 to $ 4 6 0 ; 15 at $ 4 60 to $ 4 8 0 ; 16 at $ 4 80 to $ 5 00 ; 4 at $ 500 to $ 5 20 ; 1 at $ 520 t o $ 5 4 0 ; and 1 at $ 560 t o $ 580.

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

8

-

-

Table A -3 . A verage w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1976
Average
(m ean 2 )

,m7 3 *
A
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Weekly

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

" "

3 01C
1.858
1.158
52

162
106
56

39.5 146.0C
147.50
39^5 143.50

178
175

39 e 176 0(
39.5 177.50

244.00
40.0 264.50
40.0 222.50

360
221

tQ

442
235
bS

40.0 235.00
211.00

712

1.078

40.0 203.50
40.0 211.50
40.0 19 2 . j 0

414
82

1.223

40.0 187.50
40.0 198.50
39.5 1 C j . _ , 0

■

40.0
40.0
„rl,fAn

264
96

TYPISTS. CLASS A ---------------------

580

Q7
yr

160
89
358

179.00
40.0 178.00
40.0 181.50
irO . 0 194.00
/n n
'00
40.0
40.0

156.50
146.50
164.50
156.00

234.00
199.50
40.0 206.50
.~ r
~
c.9<_
. .- T

~~

~~.--r.-~~

.-r- -

y-

t0 3 . 00

_

r

219.00

148
112
.

39.5 194.00
189.50
J .0 199.00

_
_
1*890

tlL t-v 1K U N I C b

•L L n r i

1 L 1 A l, J f

v Lhj j

.

<-60. j

0

A
l r 10 l
1 ln

183.50
• -»0

39^5 164.50

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MFN

\

ELEC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS Belectronics

' HUr

— IL*, u <u 1L
>
MIim U T j 1u
BUo I N t b b / f wl«A j j A *

40.0 292.00

r ..
J o
.

40.0 252.50
.40..,0

technicians, class

L b ^lvIiM L

C-

224

40.0 203.50

ANU

5i
85
0.0
73

39.5 121.00
123.00

344.00
38.5 331.00
56

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




'
'*"0 261.50

168.00
265

39.0 137.00
11.8. 0 0
100

$
98

Q

i

183.50
209.00

151.00
140.00

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

'00

180.50
186.00

40.0 197.50
40.0 212.00
40.0

Weekly
standard)

$
157.50
179.50
40.0 145.00
137.50

U K u l K L L l K ixu ™

204.50
40.0 215.00
188.00
207.00

If
60
56

IAH It j ■**

237
88
149
75
SW ITCHBOARD O P l R A T O R- RE CE PT IO NI ST S-

j c LKl

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CO NTINUED

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO ME N— CO NT IN UE D

$
244.00

53

of

standard)

OF FICE O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN

Average
(m ean 2 )

Number

8

215

^•0

327.00
328.50

57

Table A -3 a . A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by s e x large establishm ents in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1976
Average
(m ean *)

A verage
(m ean2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours *
[standard)

Weekly

$
™

“

40.0 217.50
195.50

i

j C v i ' t 1 AK 1 L j f

wLA5b

511
331

1A K I L b

f

LLAbb

U

” ” *

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ --------------

223
203

«

40.0

$

/ A

145.50
165.00
L/ A A i • L.

197
151

t L t i 'I V b

132
132

152.50
40.0 152.00
40.0 179.00
4(U0

j

f

v L A^

-a-w

39.5 181.00
40.0 178.50

_____________

L 1 h (JN 1 L u

1L v r i r Y i U l A N b

——

189.50

358.50

H AN Ur A L 1 UK 1 H o

272.00

997

40.0 294.00

109

(BUSINESS),
(BUSINESS),

.

1,639

'i0 0 326.00
1

186.50

82
125
114

MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL

7 0 0 275.00
40.0 276.50
40.0 262.50
265.00

63
40 «0
-r r
at -

178.00

61

„

ELEC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS A-

132

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

.

77
l lu

175.50
175.50

3>J 7

r3

See footnotes at end of tables.




$

cc.0 *00

197.00

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

U K U tW

1

y 0 192.00
i0
40.0 193.00

282
114

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

86

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

7 0 0 238.00

PROFES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

128

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

77

' 0 0
40.0 214.00
40.0 192.001

898
738

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of
worken

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - ME N- -C ON TI NU EC
ya

253.00
v»

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average
(m ean 2 )

OF FI CE O C C U PA TI ON S WOMEN— CONT IN UE D

40.0
MANUr A v 1 UKIiNU

Number
of
workers

(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
n f f r l U r A v • U KI i > U

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

9

jC

195.00

Table A -4 . H ourly earnings of m a in te n an ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers
in San Jose, C a lif., M a rc h 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings *

O c c u p a t i o n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

1 — "1---- 1--- $—

Number
of

b.60 5.70
Mean 2

Middle range 2

U nder
S

5.60

~i--- s--- s----s----S--- 1----1----$----1--- 5— '

5.80 5.90 6.00 6.10 6.20 6.30 6.40 6.50 6.60 6.70 6.80 6 . 9 q

7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60

and
under

5.70 5.8Q 5.90 6.00 6.10 6.20 6.30 6.40 6,50 6.60 6.70 6.8Q 6.90 7.00 7.2o 7.4a 7.6fl- l.an a . t m a. ^ 8 &.4H- pve
ALL WORKERS
7.04
7.07

7.20
7.20

$
7.20
7.20

7.62
7.62

7.88
7.88

8.10
8.10

$

MA IN TE NA NC E CA RP EN TE RS -----------MA NUFACTURING ------------------M A I N TE NA NC E E L E C TR IC IA NS --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---- --------------

408

386

*

1
1

*

1
1

4
3

5
5

-

6
6

3
3

6
6

2
2

1
“

17
17

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

.

.

4
4

7
7

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

*

30
30

”

23
5

78
78

7
7

3
3

-

-

3
-

13
13

3

-

-

-

-

12

-

34

*

1
"

.

-

.

_

*

*

*

*

-

-

-

MAIN TE NA NC E M A C H IN IS TS -----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

175
175

7.32
7.32

7.25
7.25

7.60
7.60

-

MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S (MACHINERY)
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

1.021

7.23
7.30

8.12
8.12

6

997

7.18
7.21

MAIN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- -— PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S -------------

256
160
96
76

7.56
7.54
7.59
7.46

7.85
7.85
8.00
7.27

8.12
8.12
8.30
8.30

*

-

-

*

-

M A IN TE NA NC E TR AD ES HE LP ER S -------

63

5.76

6 .0 0

6.00

*12

2

3

MA CH IN E- TO OL OPER AT OR S (TOOLROOM)
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

85
85

7.64
7.64

7.69
7.69

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

254
252

8.16
8.16

8.16
8.14

8.20
8.20

ST AT IO NA RY E N GI NE ER S -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

111

6.89
6.76

6.50
6.50

6.16- 7.40
6.16- 7.40

12
12

-

ia
10

23
23

-

2
2

“

4

1
1

16
14

7
7

4
3

50
50

22
22

7
7

55
55

18
-

18V
189

-

1

-

24

-

-

2

-

6

-

12

7

-

-

5
5

-

_

*

22
22

”

22
22

18
18

14
14

12
12

35
35

5
5

2
2

8
8

13
13

2
2

80

4
4

23
23

231
231

9
9

9
9

81
81

143
143

*

*

292
292

*

2
2

14
14

30

2
2

15
15

-

*

-

9
9

30
30

-

12
12
-

14
13
1

-

20
12
8
4

-

-

4
4

6
6

7.76

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s :

102

"

„

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

-

•

*

•
■ -

-

*

*

*

.

*

*

37
37

-

-

-

*

-

80

-

-

-

*

.

-

*

*

*

*

-

20
20

-

•

-

2
2
2

10

-

-

-

-

•

-

“

-

10
10

-

12
12

1
1

24
24

4 a t $ 4 . 7 0 t o $ 4 . 8 0 ; 4 a t $ 4 .8 0 t o $ 4 . 9 0 ; 1 a t $ 5 t o $ 5 .1 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 .2 0 t o $ 5 .3 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 5 .4 0 t o $ 5 .5 0 .
1 a t $ 8 . 4 0 to , $ 8 . 6 0 ; 18 a t $ 8 . 6 0 t o $ 8 . 8 0 ; 10 a t $ 8 . 8 0 t o $ 9 ; 6 a t $ 9 t o $ 9 . 2 0 ; 3 a t $ 9 . 2 0 t o $ 9 . 4 0 ; a n d 3 a t $ 9 . 4 0 t o $ 9 . 6 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




4

*

14
14

8.12

MA IN TE NA NC E PAIN TE RS --------------

*

*

_

-

-

-

4
4

37
4

-

67
56
11
4

33
33

16
8
8
-

44
44

7
7

V

9

1
1

-

36
36

7

79

7

79

8
8

4

81 **41
81
39
3

2

Table A -4 a . Hourly earnings of m ain tenance, toolroom , and po w erp lan t w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in San Jose, C a lif., M arch 1976
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earning s of—

4

i
S
t
$
$
i
$
s
s
i
t
S
$
S
$
I
S
$
!
S
!
S
6.40 6.50 6.60 6.70 6.80
.10 7.20 7.30 7.40 7.50 7 .60 7.70 7.80 7.90 8.00 8.10 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80
.90 7.00
M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

S
a" d
6.40 under
6.60 6«60 6.70 6.80 6.90

.00 7.10

.20 T.30 7.40 7.50 7.60 7 .70 7.80 7 t 9 0 8.00 8.10 a. 2 n 8.40 8,60 8.80

Ov e x

ALL WORKERS
MA IN TE NA NC E CARP EN TE RS -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

54
52

$
7.08
7.12

$
7.20
7.20

$
$
6.82- 7.20
6.82- 7.20

3
2

4
3

MA IN TE NA NC E e l e c t r i c i a n s ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

341
322

7.64
7.64

7.76
7.76

7.20- 8.00
7.20- 8.10

8
8

1

MA IN TE NA NC E MA CH IN IS TS -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

95
95

7.30
7.30

7.20
7.20

6^92- 7.76
6.92- 7.76

_

MA IN TE NA NC E ME CHANICS (MACHINERY) MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

611

7.28
7.28

6.82
6.82

6.82- 8.12
6.82- 8.12

16
16

*

*

.

-

_

*

*

611

MA INTENANCE m e c h a n i c s
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ---------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

112
99

7.82
7.79

8.12
8.12

7.29- 8.12
7.29- 8.12

MA CH INE-TOOL OP ERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------- ----------------

85
85

7.64
7.64

7.69
7.69

7.52- 7.76
7.52- 7.76

8.21
8.21
STATIO NA RY EN GI NE ER S

---------- ---------------------------

60

8.20
8.20
7.40

6.97- 7.40

-

12
12

*

1
1

9

1
1

16
14

7
7

2
1

-

-

-

*

22
22

*

46
46

4
4

23
23

231
231

-

-

d

15
15

*

9

"

2

23
23

“

*

*

50
50

4
4

18
18

*

-

-

*

*

*

20
20

2
2

16
16

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

9

3
3

6

14
14

4
4

44
44

15
15

•

-

-

“

8

-

*

*

13
13

1

“

1
1

12

*

*

*

-

*

1
1

13
13

1
1

3
3

3
3

4

*

8
8

-

9

6

-

3

-

-

•
-

•
-

71
71

80
80

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

2
2

•
-

5
5

196
196

•

a*
-

-

56
56

4
4

1
1

1
I

55
55

15
*

12
12

3
3

2
2

.

d

-

-

-

.

.

*

-

“

“

3

4
4

*

2

37
37

7
7

3
3

-

-

2
2

_

-

4

*

”

12

“

“

11

“

12

*

“

*

1

24

“

-

-

8

-

•

*

-

-

•

“

“

8

*

-

3

*

-

-

18
18

_

See footnotes at end of tables.




5
5

8.10- 8.20

7.25

“

*

-

-

20

-

20
-

T a b le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in San Jose., M arch 1976
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

*

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
%
S
5
5
s
S
$
$
i
S
5
S
4
S
S
s
$
S
$
$
4
$
2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3 .20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4 .40 4.80 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00 8.40 8.80

M iddle range 2

and
under
o

J
-

5.60 6.Q0 6.40 6.8n 7.20 7.60 8.00

co

2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 .40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4 .80 5.20

8.80 9.20

ALL WORKERS

nonmanufacturing

-----------------------------------------

2.453
894
1.559

$
7.20
7.33
7.12

$
7.50
7.79
7.44

_>.30

$
7.41
7.19
7.41

$
7.197.197.41-

7.79

■? / /

TR UC KD RI VE RS -------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

*7 n o

-

“

-

«

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

•

16
1
15

28
1
27

27

24
21
3

27

19
7
12

100
3b
62

32
22
10

1
-

1

160
9
151

469 1152
458
60
11 1092

203
85
118

6

-

36
6
30

56

183
183

.

-

-

-

-

TR UC KDRIVERS* ME DI UM TRUCK!
G.OO

M A n U r A L * UK 1 **U " " " T

10

TR UCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
246
40

9

PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S

-----------------------------------

193

7.55

7.44

7.44- 7.57

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

162

150

-

-

13

5
5

9
8

-

30
30
30

112

12
11

147
118

-

1

-

TR UCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
l v 1n t '»

1 “ AN

1 K A I LC.K )

"

"Z ''
dC

10

61
57

5.35
5.24

4.99
4.93

4.20- 6.53
4.19- 6.23

111

6.15

6.61

5.62- 6.61

SH IP P I N G AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS ------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

237
190

4.63
4.50

4.23
4.09

3.92- 4.80
3.90- 4.61

W A R E HO US EM EN ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

450
100
350

6.09
4.57
6.52

6.53
4.06
6.69

5.40- 7.18
3.80- 5.78
6.34- 7.18

S H IP PI NG CL ER KS ---------------------------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------R E C E I V I N G CL ER KS

-------------------------------------------------

*

.

*

.

-

“

.

“

*

7
7

2
2

4
4

1
1

1

2
2

1

1

-

-

19
19

25
25

54
47

15
15

17
17

-

10
10

7
7

-

-

-

-

1

15

1

15

6

66

2

2

-

-

-

-

27
18

31
25

16
13

11

_

3
2

16
14

8

12
12

-

■»

-

-

19
13
6

10
7
3

6

30

17
9
8

32
10
22
22

105
9
96
96

-

-

-

18
12
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

*

“

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

21
14
7

15
10

10
10

7
7

32
32

4
4

1
1

19
7

20
15

5

2
2

44
34

24
18

-

5

5

*

6
2
4

2

-

10
10

10

6

-

12

2

-

"

-

183
183

-

-

-

6

30

0*00

-

162
-

162
162

2

4
-

4

-

3b

SHIP PI NG PA CK ER S --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

material

handling

N A rlU r A v 1 U K 1I*U

laborers

122
78

4.18
4.24

4.18
4.18

3.59- 5.03
3.74- 4.16

366
314
52

5.45
5.67
4.07

5.65
5.65
4.04

4.51- 6.53
4.85- 6.53
3.20- 4.77
•40

" L

15
-

-

*

1
1

4

2

.

6

4

“

-

-

-

-

4

2

b

4

-

•40

3.66
5.32
2.93

3.00
5.65
2.80

2.60- 4.35
4.35- 6.38
2.40- 3.05

-

G U AR DS!
MANUFACTURING ---------- ---------------------------------------

331

5.33

5.65

4.35- 6.38

“

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEA NE RS -------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

1.748
828

4.37
4.60

4.11
4.32

3.83- 4.82
3.69- 5.87

197

4^31

4.22

2
2

262

89

262

89

165

-

-

108

-

165

“

12
-

108

14

-

-

11
5

56
28

69
33
36

29
20

32

3.80- 5.00

20

*

54
47

125
94

145
121

29

6
6
2

-

-

-

75
73
2

40
40

_

-

12

120
120

-

137
137

14
13

212

22
20

142
142

11
11

•

•

•

•

•

.

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

•

2

”

•

*
”

15

15

5

54
51

9

6

50
34

5

1

51

9

6

34

20

142

11

-

44

553
31

174
87

106
61

180
61

34
14
20

116
116

80
80

44
44

-

19

40

10

66

39

_

62

23
1
22

12

29

17

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

145

-

1.097
332
765

g u a r d s a n d w a t c h m e n ----------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

-

Table A -5 a .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in San Jose, C a lif., M a rc h 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings *
Number
of

Occupation and industry division

2

M edian2

Middle

$------1--- 1----- s---- 1 ----T ---- J----- S---- S----- S---- S----- s
S
S
$
I
S
I
5
1
5----- 5---3*00 3*20 3.AO 3*60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60 A.80 5.00 5.20 5.A0 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.AQ 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20
Under
,
and
j
and
'
under
3.00
3.2Q 3.A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A.2Q A.AQ A . 60 A.80 5.00 5.20 5.A0 5.60 5.80- 6.00 6.20 6.AO 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 over

ALL WORKERS
318
195

TRUC KD RI VE RS -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --u n lr'

1 liu

M™U

1 V A Nu

LLLf *f> J

$

7.50
7.27

$

7.93
7.79

$
$
7.07- 7.93
6.83- 8.50

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

' •

1
1
10

its

,„

1
1

10
10

16
16

11
11

2
2

5
2

_

12

/ ft

A . 00

™

1
1

'

11

31 *23A
30
116

11

12
12
162

1A

1

73

2

*

8

1

-

2A7

1
1

**62
122

5*09
GUARDS AND WATC HM EN

-----------------------------------------

420

5.03

5.50

A . 06- 6.38

3A

-

A . 60
A>6A
A.A0

A.A6
A . 27

3.71- 5.A1
3.71- 5.93

19
5
14

25
18

28

22

38
3A

87
81

-

7

22
1

A3
39

38
31

52

GUARDS 1
876
663

W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:
W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:
W o r k e r s w e r e at $7.20 to $7.40.

101
88

6

56 at $7.60 to $7.80; 118 at $7.80 to $8; and 60 at $8.40 to $8.60.
4 at $2.40 to $2.60; and 2 at $2.60 to $2.80.

See footnotes at end of tables.




8

1

•

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEA NE RS ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

13

8
®

72
57
15

7
1

5

10
*

58
26

91
25
66

1

46

26

23
23

1A
h2

9

A1

18

A

9
3

15
11

_

116
116

21

121

121

*
"

2

-

-

-

2

80

-

9

C
12

80

12

-

-

-

-

“

"

*




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in San Jose, Calif., March 1976
Sex,

3

o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
wo deers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

ma i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
PO WE RP LA NT O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

material

7 .2 0
7 .2 4

256
160

7 .5 6
7 .5 4
7 .4 6

63

5 .7 6

7 .2 9

TR UCKDRIVERS*

HEAVY TRUCK

5.54

m a in t e n a n c e

(MOTOR

m e c h a n ic s
VEHICLES) ----------------------------------------------

985
961

76

(MACHINERY) -

7 .3 2

$

7 .2 6

175

TR UC KD RI VE RS . HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER)

7 .6 3
7 .6 2

60

MA IN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S

custodial

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED

406
3 86
I R • (, 1

and

(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

O C CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CONT IN UE D
$

MAIN TE NA NC E CARPENTER^*

HR I N • LNMJt v L

movement

Number
of
workers

M A N U FA CT UR IN G
A IL

(TOOLROOM) -

85
85

-------------------------------------------------

87

4 .7 0

MUl - " "

7 .6 4
7 .6 4

246

M A C H IN E- TO OL O P ER AT OR S

1

8 .1 7

tin
-»0

____ _

____

T.

102

n il
311

6

09
6 .7 6

GU AR DS ANO W A TC HM EN

-----------------------------------------

1 .0 2 4

3 .6 4

7 49

GUARDS!
M A NU FA CT UR IN G

-------------------------------------------------

nonmanufacturing

H R iiU r A t 1 UK I n O

-----------------------------------------

"

893
1 ,5 5 5

106

7 .3 3
7 .1 3

6

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL E A N E R S . ------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

00

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

14

1 .4 4 2
7 42

4 .4 3
4 .6 5




Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sexlarge establishments in San Jose, Calif., March 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

(mean^)
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

MATE RI AL MO VEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN

MAINTENANCE.. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERP LA NT OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
$

$

A

339
332

M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S
maintenance

(MACHINERY) -

95
95
575
575

7 .3 0

7 ft?

-> .09

• *
268

99

(TOOLROOM) -

ft?
7* f9

85

GUARDS!

268

JANITORS, p o r t e r s , AND CLEA NE RS --106

engineers

----------------

r ,

7 .6 4

7*64

stationary

7*

"‘00

mechanics

MACH IN E- TO OL O P ER AT OR S

Average
(m ean ^ )
hourly
earnings 4

60

7 .2 5

See footnotes at end of tables.

15

f

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in San Jose, Calif., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group
(m e n and w o m e n combined)

M a r c h 1972
to
M a r c h 1973

M a r c h 1973
to
M a r c h 1974

M a r c h 1974
to
M a r c h 1975

M a r c h 197 5
to
M a r c h 1976

All industries:
Office clerical...________________________________
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial n u r s e s ----------------- - - ------Skilled maintenance trades ** _ ...________ _____
_
Unskilled plant workers ** ______________________

6.0
#
2.5
6.2
6.4

6.9
*
7.4
7.9
6.3

10.7
9.0
10.6
13.2
13.4

8.1
7.0
10.6
9.8
7.9

Manufacturing:
Office clerical____ _____ _ ____________ ________
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial n u r s e s _________________ ______________
Skilled maintenance trades * * ___________________
Unskilled plant workers * * ______________________

5.9
4.5
5.7
5.8

7.1
*
7.2
7.7
6.4

10.6
9.1
10.3
12.7
11.1

8.4
7.0
11.6
9.9
8.1

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical___________________________________
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial nurses -------------------------------Skilled maintenance trades ** ------ ---------- Unskilled plant workers * * ______________________

6.0
*
***
***
7.0

6.6
*
***
***
5.9

11.2

7.6
***

***

***
***

*
**
***

D a ta n o t a v a i l a b l e .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

*

to

1976

r e la t e

to m e n

o n ly .

Footnotes
1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv i d i n g b y t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
a n d h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n t h e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than th e h ig h e r ra te .
3
4

E a r n in g s
E x c lu d e s

d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t if ic a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , an d la te s h ift s .




16

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n o n e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l ­
le c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in t e r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r
(2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
Sepa­
r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s d a ta a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w h en th e n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n o t id e n t i fie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
id e n t i fie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta n o t sh o w n ‘ s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in da ta f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s n o t sh o w n o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n t o s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a ila b le .

In e a c h o f th e 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f f ic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h
o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d t o w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s da ta
e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
a nd in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to th e s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k
(r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u la r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e ro u n d e d
to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t if i c a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifi e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p t im u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s i s
s e l e c t e d . ' W h en d a ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , so th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s
a re g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e ou t o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ilit y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f ic a t io n i f d a ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If n o
s u it a b le s u b s titu te i s a v a ila b le , a d d it io n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th a t is s i m i l a r t o th e m i s s i n g u n it.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t im e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh o w n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

O c c u p a t io n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O c c u p a t io n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O ccu ­
p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s
o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll
i n d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s t a ffin g , and th u s c o n t r ib u t e
d if f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—
Cocoa, F la.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
N.
Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




17

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Electronic data processing
(men and women):
Computer systems
analysts, classes
A , B, and C
Computer programmers,
classes A, B, and C
Computer operators,
classes A , B, and C

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both
the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are
adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts
among establishments and turnover of establishments included in survey
samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an
establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans
providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased
hiring, for example, new employees enter at the bottom of the range,
depressing the average without a change in wage rates.

Registered industrial
nurses

Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Material handling laborers

1. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its pro­
portionate employment in the occupational group in the
base year.
2. These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each, occupation's average (mean) earnings is multiplied
by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a
group average.
3. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year
by the average for the earlier year. The result—
expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.
For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these
wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes, " Monthly Labor
Review, January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Keypunch operators,
classes A and B
T abulating - mac hine
operators, class B

Unskilled plant (men and
women):

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed
as follows:

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes A and B
File clerks, classes A,
B, and C
Messengers
Switchboard operators
Order clerks

Carpenters
Electricians
Painte r s
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and
women!:

The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown. (It is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

Office clerical (men and
women):

Skilled maintenance (men
and women):

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Infor­
mation for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. 1 These tabu­
lations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations;
and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables)
in previous bulletins for this area.
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

18




Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in San Jose, Calif., March 1976
Industry division 2

Minimum
em pl oy me nt
in establishments in scope
of study

N u m b e r of establishments

W o rk er s in establishments
Within scope of study 4

Within scope
of study 5

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

ALL ESTA BL IS HM EN TS
ALL DI VISIONS ---------------------------------

-

783

164

213,081

10u

124,945

M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- -— -— ----------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ---------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a o e 6 -------------------------------retail trade
-----------------------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 -------SERVICES* 7----------------------------------------

50
-

315
468

66
98

122,782
90,299

58
42

81,039
43,906

50
50
50
50
50

39
50
209
61
109

14
10
24
15
35

13,420
6,570
36,354
9,052
24,903

b
3
17

11,073
3,191
11,699
4»9J0
13,013

_

79

47

134,680

100

107,771

70
30

75,249
32,522

7
1
10
3
10

9,605
1,800
8,767
3,638
8,632

18

LARGE ESTA BL IS HM EN TS
all

divisions

---------------------------------

-------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------- ---- ---- ---------------TRANSPORTATION, c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ---------------------WH OLESALE TRADE 6 -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
----------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE 6 -------SERV IC ES6 7---------------------------------------manufacturing

500

47
32

24
23

93,788
40,892

500
500
500
500

3
1
13
4
11

3
1
8
4
7

9,685
1,800
12,959
3,638
12,810

-

50 0

1 Th e San Jose Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of M a n a g e m e n t and Budget through February 1974, consists of Santa Clara County.
The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in
the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other em ployment indexes to m e a s u r e em pl oy me nt trends or levels since (1) planning of wage
surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded f r o m the scope of the
survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Ma nu al w a s used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m i n i m u m limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total em pl oy me nt (within the area) at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A-series tables. Taxic&bs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A-series tables. Separate presentation of data is not m a d e for
one or m o r e of the following reasons: (1) Em p l o y m e n t is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample wa s not designed initially to permit
separate presentation, (3) response w a s insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p
organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

19




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ’ s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a nd s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a t u r e a nd d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e
an d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c l u s io n s

a . R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s t r u c t e d ;
d.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's
R e la y s m e s s a g e s

fro m

s u p e r v i s o r 's

N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a c te r is tic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in it io n a r e
as fo llo w s :

file s ;
a . P o s it io n s
d e s crib e d above;

c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in t m e n ts a s

s u p e r v i s o r to

b.

s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
a ccu ra cy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s io n a l,

w h ic h

do

n ot

m eet

th e

"p e r s o n a l" s e c r e ta r y co n ce p t

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t ie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly
m o r e r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e th an t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

B e g in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , th e B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r t o p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n o t b e e n t i t le d , h o w e v e r , s in c e d o in g s o m ig h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e le m e n t s to th e
j o b m a t c h in g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h a s a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

21

T h e t i t l e s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t u s u a l

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

Exclusions— Continued

C la s s C

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l
s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n
d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a nd i s u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e
o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in it io n s
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o £
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o li c y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2 . S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0
id e n t ify su ch p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
person s.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s [ e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u nit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th a n a b ou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o £
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th an 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y t o a n on s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STEN O G RAPH ER

2 . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r
th an 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d ic t a t io n .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
k£ay o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l .
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
d u ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p is t ) .
N O T E : T h is j o b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th a t a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e a nd p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e f in it io n .

1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r .t h a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , id a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t io n w id e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r th an 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o ft e n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th at
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .




S ten og ra p h er. G en era l

keep

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th d r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S t e n o g r a p h e r ., S e n io r

D ic t a t io n in v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u ch
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u i r i n g s ig n if ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than, stenographer, gen e ra l| a s e v id e n c e d b y th e
fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s an d o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in t a in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; and a n s w e r in g
r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r im 'a r y du ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic t a t io n in
s h o rth a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u se d w ith a p r iv a te
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e (P B X ) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a te le p h o n e
s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e o p e r a t o r a re
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c t s a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d
O p e r a t o r -R e c e p t io n is t .

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b ills a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h av e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u ch as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it i n v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
ro u g h o r c l e a r
o r s e ttin g up
a lr e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le s ta n d a r d ta b u la t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
sy ste m .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e ls on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f ile th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s if i e d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s req u ested ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e file s *
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l that h as a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l) .
A s req u ested ,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l ou t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
M ESSEN GER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u ch a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s su ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s th a t r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s ig n ific a n t d u ty .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k i n v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia t e p e r s o n
a r r a n g in g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s b oth as
s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
su ch d u tie s a s g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in f o r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a t io n o r c o n t a c t in g th at p e r s o n b y t e le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l ,
p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t lis t in g th e it e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n tit ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y
h av e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u ch a s p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

the

b a s is o f th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t io n s , s e l e c t i n g a m on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s
th ro u g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n t in g
a c t io n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s is t e d by o n e o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — Continued

KEYPUN CH OPERATOR

C la s s B .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t io n s
and s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f ic a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y an d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d / o r
n u m e r ic d a ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d .
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot
in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c .
M ay ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th an an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B il l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a t io n
ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e ,
and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d b y
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and i s o ft e n d o n e o n a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a l ly i n v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n if o r m a nd s ta n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
PA Y R O L L CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
d a ta on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u tie s i n v o l v e :
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s
b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t io n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a
c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .




P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is o f th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d a nd in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
M ay
t r a i n in e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o r k i s r o u tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il an d r e q u i r e lit t le o r n o
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u la t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , e t c .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e f in it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t.
P o s itio n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v is i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h
o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e
an d s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r t r a in in g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g a nd c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is lim it e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d in s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d er s p e c ific in s t r u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r an d m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s
th e t a b u la t o r a nd c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y
c la s s C o p e r a to rs .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C la s s C .
U n d er s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u ch a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t i o n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f ilin g w o r k .

PRO FESSIO NAL A N D TEC H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la t e - p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t i f ie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly t h is i n v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and d a ta flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is i s th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

C la s s C .
W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d b y
p r o g r a m m e r s fro m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f ou tpu t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M ak es re c o m m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS
C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f da ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s an d '
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e to f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
program
d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b oth
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s
If th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or

M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d ir e c tio n

to

lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th a t a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op era te.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tpu t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s crib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W o rk i s r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

a n a ly s t s

25

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify
th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .
A t t h is l e v $ l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u lt , b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t io n s a s
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- Continued

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d s e q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and l is t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
in p u t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t i o n s .

m a j o r c h a n g e o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
s ta n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

OR
W ork s
d ir e c tio n o f a
le v e l p ro g ra m m
a nd p e r f o r m i n g

on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
m o r e d if f ic u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .

M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
an d c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o n n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
procedu res.

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s i n s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p r o g ra m .
F or

w age

s tu d y

p u rp oses,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n i n g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; thfe p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i fic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o t e s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
op erator

C la s s C .
W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in ru n n in g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly h a s
s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t l y f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a f t in g
p reced en ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e o n th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m
o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r
le v e l d r a fte r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p l e x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s
th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u se d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , an d r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n tit ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o rk is ch e ck e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a cy .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , m a n u f a c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a nd s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
a nd c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o l id a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith i n it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

26

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s t r a ig h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a le n o t r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)

W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C l a s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v is u a l iz e d i t e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m i n e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u t in e t a s k s in f o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u c h
ta sk s a s :
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u ch a c t i v i t i e s a s
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — i n c lu d e s , but is n ot lim it e d
t o , th e f o llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ) , (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o lli n g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u ch s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v i e w
w h e n n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE

o f th e f o llo w in g

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e - i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p ic a lly c a n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e t o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s it y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u ch
t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s ig n a l f lo w ; and r e g u la r ly u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

M A IN TE N A N C E , TO O LRO O M , A N D PO W ER PLA N T
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a nd e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
a nd e x p e r i e n c e .




27

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor veh icle)

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s q c h a s th e i n s t a l ­
la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t ; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and
m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a nd m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t ­
m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
a nd t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n i n s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s , o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p in g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e tt in g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .




T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s .
M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L a y in g
o u t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a nd m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a l l a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , and d is m a n t le s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e pla n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g an d b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
a nd m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u ch a s d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

28

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E LP E R

T O O L A N D DIE M AKER

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u ch a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k
th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p ic a lly i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g
ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r w r it t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and
a l l o y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g
v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u s in g v a r io u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f in is h e d t o o l s and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l
( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m i llin g m a c h in e ) to m a c h in e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m ­
p li c a t e d s e tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e tt in g up m a c h in e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a ll c u ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g t a b le s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h an d le th e s iz e o f s t o c k to be m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u s in g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s d u r in g m a c h in in g
o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k ill le v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

in c lu d e
sh op s.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r
s te a m .
F e e d s f u e ls t o f i r e b y han d o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g

M ATERIAL M O V E M E N T A N D CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R — C o n tin u e d

T R U C K D R IV E R

T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s su ch a s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n ts , f r e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
working
ord er.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)




lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r 1V2 t o n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k ( 1 V 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h eavy tr u ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

29

SHIPPING A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

SHIPPING P A C K E R — Continued

s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta o n c o n t a in e r .
P ack ers
w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
W AREH O U SEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ' ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e han d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .
O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n
a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u t ie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in




A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d is e o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
tru ck ,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as fo llo w s :

are

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u ard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n id e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o li s h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Available On Request
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s <.r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l ly f o r u se in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t
a v a ila b le at no c o s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
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A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e ; N .C .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J.
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s fi e ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r th u i^ -O ra n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
B o i s e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t.—N. Y.
C ape C od, M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e —G a s to n ia , N .C .
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T en n .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D es

M o in e s ,

Iow a

D oth an , A la .
D uluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex .
E u g en e—S p r in g fie ld , Oregw
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la .
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W. V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a ll s , M o n t.
G uam , T e r r ito r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H u n tin g to n —A s h l a n d , W . V a .—K y .—O h i o
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L aredo, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w to n , O k la .
L i m a , O h io
L i t t l e R o c k ^ -N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b lis h e d

in r e l e a s e s w h ic h ,

w h ile su p p lie s

la s t ,

be

L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in —E l y r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M c A lle n —P h a r r — d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
E
H a rlin g e n —San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo r d — la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o l a , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N ew B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew L on don —N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N orth D a k ota , State o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O xn a rd —S im i V a lle y —V en tu ra , C a lif.
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r sb u rg —M a r ie t t a , W. V a .— h io
O
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e ll o —
Ida ho F a l l s , Idaho
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o l o .
P u e r t o R ic o
R e n o , N ev .
R ich la n d — en n ew ick —W a lla W a lla —
K
P e n d le to n , W a sh .—O r e g .
R i v e r s i d e —San B e r n a r d in o —O n t a r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s—S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S a n d u sk y, O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n ,
S h re v e p o rt, La.

Tex.

S iou x F a l l s , S. D ak .
S pok an e, W ash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T a m p a r -S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T op ek a , K an s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a l l e j o - F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W a c o a n d K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , I o w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N .J .—M d .

A n a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1 8 9 1 , N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f th e B L S
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




a re o r w ill

d r a ft e r s , and
r e g io n a l s a le s

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin su p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u c te d at the r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t.
B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p le m e n ts m a y be
o b ta in e d w ith ou t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s .

A rea

B u lletin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io, D e c , 1975—___________ - ________ :_____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
A lb a n y — c h e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 ,
S
A n a h e im —
Santa A na—G a r d e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1
_________________________________________________________ _______ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 ,
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1975 1 —------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 ,
B in g h a m ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 ,
B irm in g h a m , A l a ., M a r . 1976 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1_______________________ ___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
C anton, O h io, M a y 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a tta n oog a , T en n .—G a ., Sept. 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 ,
C in cin n a ti, O h io—K y.—I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -7 ,
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1975 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
C o lu m b u s , O h io, O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 ,
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1975 1 ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 ,
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________ Suppl.
D a y ton , O h io, D e c . 1975-------------------- :_______________________________ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
D ay ton a B e a ch , F la ., A u g . 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 7 ,
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1 9 7 5 _____________________ I-------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r. 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 ,
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R a ton , F la ., A p r . 1975 1 ________________________________________ __________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 ,
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 ,
G a in e s y ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 ____________________________________________ _________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n -S a le m — igh P o in t, N. C . , A ug. 1 9 7 5 ____ „_______________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 ,
W
H
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1975 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 ,
H a r t fo r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 ,
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
H u n ts v ille , A l a ., F e b . 1975 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1976------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 0 0 -8 ,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1975_____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
L e x in g to n — a y e t t e , K y ., N ov . 1975 1 ------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 5 0 -8 4 ,
F
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a lif., O c t . 1975 1 ____________________________________________ 1 85 0 - 8 6 ,
L o u is v i ll e , K y.—I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
M e m p h is , T en n .— r k .—M i s s . , N ov . 1975________________________________________________ - 11350-85,
A
Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
T o be surveyed.




45 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
65 ce n ts
65 cen ts
95 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
F ree
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 cen ts
65 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
F ree
45 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
80 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 cen ts
80 ce n ts
F ree
F ree
95 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
80 cen ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
65 cen ts
45 cen ts

A rea

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r i c e *

M i a m i , F la .,, O c t . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 6 ,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 1_____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 1 ,
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _ ____ _________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 ,
_
N a s s a u —S u f f o l k , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 9 ,
N e w a r k , N . J . , J a n . . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________________________- ________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 0 ,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 ^
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 _____________ __________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 5 ,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1 9 7 5 ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 9 ,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 5 __________________._______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 0 ,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 2 ,
O k l a h o m a C it y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 1 ,
O m a h a , N e b r .—I o w a , O c t . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 197 5 1 _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 8 ,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1 9 7 5 ______________________ ________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 ^
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 1____________________________ ;___________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 ,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 5________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 2 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 197 5 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 8 ,
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . , —M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 7 ,
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N . C . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
R i c h m o n d , V a . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 1 ,
S t. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 197 5 ___________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 7 ,
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ ______ 1 8 5 0 - 7 1 ,
S a lt L a k e C i t y —O g d e n , U ta h , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________ ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 4 ,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 3 ,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 5_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 7 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 9 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 19 7 6 ____ ___________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 3 ,
S e a t t le —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 1 9 7 6 ____________ __________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 6 ,
S o u th B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 5 ,
S t a m f o r d , C o n n . 1 2 ___________________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 3 ,
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________ i________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 4 ,
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________ ___________________________________________ _________________ _ 1 8 5 0 - 6 0 ,
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 8 ,
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 ....................................................................................................... 1 9 0 0 - 1 2 ,
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n t y , N . Y . , M a y 197 5 1__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 3 ,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ _________ S u p p l.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________ ____ ______________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 4 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 4 ,

95 ce n ts
85 c e n t s
95 c e n t s
$ 1 .0 0
85 c e n t s
75 c e n t s
$ 1 .1 0
65 cen ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 c e n t s
85 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
75 cen ts
F ree
65 cen ts
F ree
45 ce n ts
3 5 ce n ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
45 cen ts
95 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
65 ce n ts
80 c e n t s
$ 1 .2 0
80 c e n t s
85 c e n t s
80 c e n t s
F ree
80 c e n t s
55 ce n ts

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region II
Region I.
Suite 3400
1603 JFK Federal Building
1515 Broadway
Government Center
New York, N.Y. 10036
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
C oneecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions IX and X
Regions VII and V III
Region VI
Region V
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Federal Office Building
Second Floor
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Box 36017
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Chicago, III. 60604
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Illin o is
IX
X
VII
V III
Arkansas
Indiana
Arizona
Alaska
Iowa
Colorado
Louisiana
Michigan
California
Idaho
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