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L

2 . V -

^"ffteAwage survey
San Jose, California, Metropolitan Area
March 1975
B ulletin 1 8 5 0 - 3 6




D
°CU!VIENt
COiLttTlOH
/VO l/

Dayton <• ■

19

1975

Pub!ic° U b ^ ; ry C

o.

U S. D EPAR TM EN T OF LABOR
,, ■ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s r e s u lts o f a M a rc h 1975 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and
s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits in the San J ose, C a lifo r n ia , S tandard M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l
A r e a (Santa C la r a C ou n ty).
The s u rv e y w as m ad e as p a r t o f th e B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s '
annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r in d iv id u a l
m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s fo r a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n
S t a tis tic a l A r e a s in the United S tates, exclu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e need to d e s c r ib e
the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e t s , th ro u gh the a n a ly s is
o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n , and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by
o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n that m a y be u sed
fo r m an y p u rp o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and
a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n .
S u rv e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u sed by th e U.S. D e p a rtm e n t
o f L a b o r to m ak e w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n tly , 82 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e back
c o v e r.)
In each a r e a , occu p atio n al e a rn in g s data a r e c o lle c t e d an n u ally.
In fo r m a tio n on
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits is ob ta in ed e v e r y th ir d y e a r .
E ach y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b een c o m p le te d , tw o s u m m a ry
b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The f ir s t b rin g s to g e th e r data fo r each m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e second s u m m a ry b u lletin p re s e n ts n a tion al and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d fr o m
in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a data.
T h e San J ose s u r v e y w as condu cted by the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in San F r a n c is c o ,
C a lif. , under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f M ilto n K e en a n , A s s o c ia t e A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
f o r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not have been a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n o f the
m an y f ir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la ry data p ro v id e d the b a s is f o r the s ta tis tic a l in fo r m a tio n in
th is b u lle tin . T he B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A c u rre n t r e p o r t on occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s in the
San J ose a r e a is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m e ta lw o r k in g in d u s tr ie s .

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1 8 5 0 -3 6
September 1975

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R, John T . Dunlop, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

San Jose, California, Metropolitan Area, March 1975
CONTENTS

Page

2

In t r o d u c t io n _____________________________________________________________________________

T a b le s :
E a r n in g s :
A - l.
W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________________________________
3
A - la .
W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o ffic e w o r k e r s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts ___________________________________________________________________
5
A -2 .
W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________
6
A -2 a .
W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s — r g e e s ta b lis h m en ts __________________________________________
la
7
A -3 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o rk ers,
by
sex
8
A -3 a .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o rk ers,
by
sex—la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A -4 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m ainten ance and
p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
10
A -4 a .
H o u r ly e a rn in g s o f m ainten ance and
p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s— r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts _________________________________
la
11
A -5 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f cu s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s ___ _____________________________________ ____________________
12
A -5 a .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts ______________________________
13
A -6 .
A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f m ain ten an ce, p o w e rp la n t, c u s to d ia l,
and
m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , b y s e x
14
A -6 a .
A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f m ain ten an ce, p o w e rp la n t, c u s to d ia l,
and
m a t e r ia l
m ovem ent w o rk e rs ,
b y sex—la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
15
A -7 .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e h ou rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n al g ro u p s, ad ju sted fo r em p lo ym e n t s h ift s ..
16
_

_

_

A.

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c l e r k s _________________________________________________________
B -2 .
L a te s h ift pay p r o v is io n s fo r fu ll- tim e m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days o f fu ll- t im e f ir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________
B -4 .
An nual p aid h o lid ays fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________________________________
B -4 a .
Id e n tific a tio n o f m a jo r paid h o lid ays fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n p ro v is io n s fo r fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u ra n ce , and pen sion p lans fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B .




Scope and m eth od o f s u rve y _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, G P O Bookstores, or
pi c Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 85 cents. M a k e checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

17
18
19
20
21
22
25
27
30

9

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ich the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u rv e y s of occu p atio n al e a rn in g s and
re la te d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e obtained
by p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lish m en ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ­
tation, c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tra d e ; fin a n c e, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry
groups e xclu d ed f r o m th es e studies a re g o v e rn m e n t op e ra tio n s and the
con stru ction and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m en ts having fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re om itte d b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t
em p loym en t in the occu p ation s studied. S ep arate tab u lation s a re p ro v id e d
fo r each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .
A - s e r ie s ta b le s
T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A -6 p ro v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t-tim e
h ou rly o r w e e k ly ea rn in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occu p ation s com m on to a
v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and nonm anu facturin g in d u s trie s .
O ccupations
w e r e s e le c te d f r o m the fo llo w in g c a te g o r ie s : (a ) O ffic e c le r ic a l, (b ) p r o ­
fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l, (c ) m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t, and (d ) c u s to d ia l
and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.
In the 31 la r g e s t s u rv e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a
through A - 6 a p ro v id e s im ila r data f o r es ta b lis h m en ts e m p lo y in g 500
w o rk e rs o r m o r e .
F o llo w in g the occu p a tio n a l w a g e ta b le s is ta b le A -7 which
p ro v id e s p e rc e n t changes in a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k ­
e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s , s k ille d




m ainten ance w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
T h is m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tren d s e lim in a te s chan ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong e s ta b lis h m en ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s . W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll
in d u s trie s , m an u factu rin g, and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g. A p p en d ix A d is c u s s e s
th is w age tr e n d m e a s u re .

B - s e r ie s ta b le s
T he B - s e r ie s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a tio n on m in im u m e n tra n c e
s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s ; la t e - s h if t pay p r o v is io n s and p r a c t ic e s f o r
plant w o rk e rs in m an u factu rin g; and data s e p a r a t e ly f o r p lan t and o ffic e
w o r k e r s on sched u led w e e k ly hou rs and days o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p aid
h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p en sion p la n s.

App end ixes
T h is b u lletin has tw o a p p en d ixes.
A p p en d ix A d e s c r ib e s the
m ethod s and con cep ts used in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It p r o v id e s
in fo rm a tio n on the scope o f th e a r e a s u r v e y and in fo rm a tio n on the a r e a 's
in d u s tria l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g.
It a ls o p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n
on la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e .
A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s used by B u reau f ie l d e c o n o m is ts to c la s s ify w o r k e r s in
occupations fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t- tim e e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d .

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Jose, Calif., March 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Median ^

Middle ranged

s

S

$

*

S

S

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

40

90
Mean *
■

s

—
J
o

[standard)

S

s

Average
weekly

133

143

134

and
under

100

S

s

S

$
s
s
s
s
210 220 230 240 250

180

190

200

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

77

77

47

22

4

4

3

9

1

21
15

16
1

_

5

6

-

s

S

3

1

s

*

260

270

280

290

270

280

290

over

7

1
1

5

-

.

.

1

O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of

and

ALL WORKERS
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

----------------

707

40.0

$
$
$
168.50 161.50 150.00-181,00

72
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------

30*^ 169.00
40.0 175.00 168.00 1 6 0 .0 0 -

192.00

809

40.0 146.00 140.50 1 3 1 .0 0 -

156.00 -

XJ
15
-

30

144

217

152

28

99

71

39

32

* ? ? * .9
ntTw X

1It ^ UL
—

CLERKS* FILE * CLASS

62
158
52

1
1 3 1 .0 0 -

166.50

39.0 126.00 122.00 1 0 8 .0 0 - 129.00
39.5 155.00 153.50 131.50-162.00

188.00

24

18

34

43
13
30

14
14

1

12

11
11

2
“

*

^7

10

j ^ * oo

L L t K b * r ATKULL "
IS

15

2

167.00-207.00

171.00 162.00 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 176.00

8

18
10

8
8

23
170.00
183.00

98

-

5

110*00
39*'"

12

*

16

8

1

*
*

1

•

KEYPUNCH OPFRATOPS, CLASS A -----------

313

40.0

188.5(1 198.50

•

-

20

18

37

59

60
??

21

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS b -----------

578
155
423

39.5 149.50 146.00 1 3 6 .0 0 - 163.50
40.0 161.50 155.50 145.50-167.00
160.50
39.5 145.50 140.00 1 3 2 .0 0 -

15

28

114
32
82

85
44
41

67
22
45

45

28

124
11
113

17

15

49
12
37

15

10

10

”
”
”

45

15

11

14

25

40.0 144.00 137.00 1 2 0 .0 0 -

155.50

b tvH L 1A N ltS

19
19

5

238

72

10
8

7

93

NONMANUFACTURING

7

5

12

5

26
26

3

3
3

6
“
6

-

-

-

-

139

182

213

87

68

46

21

13
11

47

55

27
8

10

11
1

15
11

24
22
2

17

14

12

13

15
12

3

5

•

9

*

“

1
SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------- -------

117
78

40.0 228.50 229.50 212 .50-25 3.00

*9 *9 - i ? * i 9

-

-

-

-

5

-

10

-

-

-

2
1

t9 ?*-9
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS

bt.v,Kt 1AKlt.by tL A b j




^99*^9
192.00 f
?

1
1

X52

77

128
45

90

63

1
I lo

14

14

28
8

10

n

60

130
**

12
*
1
2

•
2

2

*

*

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—

1

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

i
90

i

100

and
under

110

s

s

s

i

s

1

130

140

150

160

_

120

170

I

120

-

-

.

—

130

140

150

160

170

180

12

18
17

37
35

29
23

lo
9

11
5
2

17

20
8
12

27
25
2

22
13
9

—

100

s

110

180

s
190

5

1--- s--- i--- s--- s--- 9--- s--- i—

200

210

220

230

240

250

-

—

—

-

—

—

200

210

22Q

230

24Q

25Q

260

2

2
2

20
20

-

-

22
12
10

22
15
7

13
12
1

8
8

28
28
-

9

.

_

•

9

-

_

190

260

260

280

290

—

270

270

and

290

over

ALL W O R K E R S —
C O NT IN UE D
$

$

STENOGRAPHERS. G E NE RA L
MANUFA CT UR IN G ------

167
123

40.0
40.0

156.50 155.00 141.50-17 4.00
166.00 159.00 150.00-17 6.50

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -

237
125
112

40.0
40.0
40.0

176.50 173.50 1 4 7 .5 0 190.00 190.00 1 6 5 .5 0 161.00 147.50 1 3 4 .5 0 -

SW ITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR S --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

252
91
161
82

40.0 147.50
40.0 171.00
40.0 134.00
40.0 124.50

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFA CT UR IN G -------- ------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

188
131
57

39.5 140.00 138.00 126.50-15 0.50
154.50
40.0 141.00 138.00 1 2 7 .0 0 142.50
3 9 .C 137.00 137.00 1 2 1 .0 0 -

TYPISTS. CLASS A -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

648
340

4 0.0 170.50 170.50 1 3 8 .0 0 39.5 145.00 146.00 1 1 5 .0 0 -

TYPISTS. CLASS 8 MA NU FA CT UR IN G N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

265
119
146

3
39.5 132.50 132.50 1 1 6 .0 0 - 144.00
40.0 139.00 139.00 123.5C-150.50
39.5 127.50 126.00 1 1 4 .0 0 140.00 3

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




139.50
166.00
130.00
124.00

1 2 5 .5 0 1 5 5 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0 -

1
-

200.00
217.00
186.00
165.50
185.50
140.00
134.50

214.50 15
171.50 15

3
-

6
-

16
3

7
14

1

3

-

-

-

-

1

3

14

17

26
4
24

31

17
4
13
2

34
5
29
19

45
4
41
24

25
8
17
3

29
15
14
-

21
16
5
1

13
12
1
-

10
6
4
1

9
6
3
2

17
11
6

36
21
15

61
40
21

20
14
6

19
16
3

20
18
2

7
7

2
2

3
1
2

29
29

52
26

61
40

30
18

51
30

67
46

18
15

35
35

39
19
20

45
20
25

56
26
30

27
16
11

16
14
2

2
1
1

3

2

-

31
30
3
3
37
37
25
9
16

41
41
47

12

35

2
3

-

-

-

1
1

8
4

82
4

122
-

3
3

-

-

-

-

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
Number

O ccu p ation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Avcra
weekly
hours1
(standard]

s
90
Mean

-

Median

£

Middle ranged

S

S

S

1

S

S

S

S

S

S
S
200
210

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

19
11
8

71
57
14

78
62
16

60
51
9

52
44
8

46
41
5

25
8
17

7
6
1

4
1
3
-

$

$

$

$
S
J
S
s
250 260 270 280 290

220

230

240

230

240

250

2
-

3
3

-

1
1

-

4
4

1
1

5
5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

•

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

13
11
2

24
22
2

and
under

100

and

260

270

280

290

o ver

ALL W O RK ER S
CLERKS, AC CO UN TI NG , C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

378
295
83

$
$
$
$
40.0 169.00 162.00 150 .50-181.00
40.0 169.00 161.50 150.50-179.00
40.0 168.50 162.00 149 .00-192.00

CLERKS, AC CO UN TI NG , CL AS S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

422
226

40.0 146.00 143.50 132.50-158.50
40.0 142.50 139.00 131.00-149.00

.

CLERKS* P A YR OL L ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- --------------

82
51

39.5 176.50 182.50 155.50-192.00
40.0 168.50 177.50 145.00-190.00

•

K E Y P U N C H O P ER AT OR S, CL A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

188
136

40.0 178.00 171.50 155.00-193.50
40.0 180.00 168.50 154.00-215.50

K E Y P U N C H O P ER AT OR S, CL A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

320
135

39.5 163.00 160.00 147.50-178.00
40.0 164.50 158.00 147.50-170.00

M E S S E N G E R S -------------------------

58

40.0 149.00 142.50 129 .00-163.50

-

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

2,2 84
1,595
689

40.0 195.50 190.00 167 .50-222.50
40.0 200.00 195.50 172 .50-229.00
40.0 186.00 182.50 163 .00-205.00

.
-

“

*

S E C R ET AR IE S, CL A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

76
71

40.0 247.50 241.50 225 .50-25 9.00
40.0 248.50 241.50 226 .00-25 9.00

S E C R ET AR IE S, CL A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

427
332
95

40.0 220.50 218.50 196.50-248.50
40.0 222.50 218.50 197.00-252.00
40.0 213.50 218.50 196 .00-226.50

-

S E C R ET AR IE S, CL A S S C ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- — --------

836
545
291

40.0 192.50 189.50 174.50-207.50
40.0 193.00 188.50 175 .00-205.00
40.0 192.00 190.00 169 .50-208.00

SE CR ET A R I E S , CLASS 0 ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ------------

869
585
284

S T EN OG RA PH ER S, GE NE RA L ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

“

-

-

*

13
7

53
39

124
69

77
57

58
21

44

20

27
8

19

-

4

4

■

2
2

4

6
5

9
7

4
1

8
6

21
18

39
30

29
22

43
22

75
44

62
22

-

•

-

1
”

10
9

24
10

4

16
7

20
16

22
6

17
2

45

10
8

•

”

5
1

1
1

7
7

26
26

19
19

.

_

5
5

-

-

-

*

4
-

-

_

-

-

1
“

10
7

33
6

2

9

5

7

14

6

2

6

-

-

2

5

-

4
4

8
1
7

42
21
21

103
55
48

184
123
61

274
176
98

248
165
83

285
199
86

223
142
81

190
123
67

116
34
32

158
114
44

197
183
14

83
73
10

65
57
8

46
31
15

21
15
6

1
1

7
5

7
7

10
9

9
9

13
13

12
12

3
3

5
3

-

9

13
11
2

15
13
2

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

.
-

.
-

1

-

-

-

-

1

40.0 184.00 175.00 161.00-208.00
40.0 191.00 181.50 165.50-226.00
40.0 170.00 167.00 153.00-182.50

.
-

.
-

3
-

-

-

3

120
80

40.0 161.50 159.00 139.50-180.50
40.0 173.50 165.00 151 .50-208.00

1
-

3
-

S T EN OG RA PH ER S, SE NI OR -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

179
104
75

40.0 176.50 179.00 143 .00-204.00
40.0 195.00 195.50 178.00-226.00
40.0 151.00 141.50 132.50-156.00

•
-

-

-

-

1

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

129
89

40.0 165.00 160.00 140.50-179.00
40.0 170.50 165.50 155.50-185.50

.

“

1
*

TY PISTS,

CLASS A ------------------

345

40.0 197.00 212.50 171 .50-222.50

-

2

TYPI ST S, CL AS S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

140
116

40.0 138.50 139.50 121 .00-151.50
40.0 139.50 140.00 125.00-150.50

3
-

10
6




1
-

-

1

4
4
-

5
5
-

11
10
1

15
14
1

18
13
5

29
20
9

34
21
13

71
57
14

45
35
10

46
12
34

18
16
2

30
30
-

36
35
1

27
26
1

10
10
-

2

15
2
13

31
25
6

36
18
18

82
49
33

109
77
32

164
123
41

125
85
40

78
38
40

42
25
17

42
33
9

40
28
12

37
29
8

14
9
5

14
2
12

2
2

6
1
5

19
11
8

59
17
42

119
79
40

165
101
64

111
69
42

84
52
32

61
33
28

26
19
7

16
11
5

60
60

130
130
-

3
1
2

3
1
2

2

2

6

13
3

8
3

11
10

19
17

14
9

10
9

11
5

2
2

2
2

20
20

3

10

17

16
8

10
9
1

14
12
2

22
15
7

13
12
1

8
8
“

28
28

-

•
-

8

10
8
2

-

-

18
16

13
12

7
6

7

-

-

11
10

.

4

3
3

-

1
-

3
2

7

23

8

82

122

-

-

-

3

2
2

2

-

-

3

10

17

24
4
20

7

12

13

4

11
5

4

8

22
15

4

1

18

23

12

15

28

16
12

20
19

22
20

28
26

18
16

16
14

2
1

*

4
•
-

-

_

_

2

2

-

-

-

.

-

•

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
Number
of
workers

Occupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

s

Average
weekly

S

130
Median

(standard)

*

Middle ranged

S

140

S

s

150

160

S

170

s

180

s

190

s

S

200

210

S

220

s

240

S

260

S

260

S

300

S

s

320

340

s

s

360

380

*

400

S

420

and
unde r

140

440
and

150

160 _ U I0 _

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

11

31

40
24

12

320

340

360

22

300

400

10

380

420

440 o v e r

ALL WO RK ER S
LU“ rU 1tH U^LKA 1UK5f

A

1

~22 *2?
237.00 £32.b0 2 1 4 .00-26 0.00
.- _

213.00

1

C.0U# w
O

p
2

22

10

13

1

9
8

1

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S.
214
199

40.0

2 8 3 .0 0 304.50 3 0 2 ) 0 0 2 8 6 .0 0 -

315.00
315.00

20

i

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
230 .00-27 0.00

8

b0

1

44
42

8
'

45

16

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
237
152
85

8

409.50
379.50 374.50 3 5 1 .0 0 391.50 391.50 356 .50-42 7.00
394.00
358.50 371.00 3 2 2 .0 0 -

8

_

8
8

24
24

0i

14
15

8

8
8

*26
24

1

26

p
*

COMPUTER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS.
t2 *2

2 i2 * «2

8

1

5

330*00 305.0C -349.00

39.0 £139.00

9

1

7

8

20

195

236

44

10 0
1L
U
16

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
1
N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

74

* 00
40.0 259.50 254.00 2 3 3 .50-29 0.00
3 }- {

-

1

-

80
3

-

11

13

6

5

172

339

126
126

37

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

JJ
198.00 185 .00-21 9.50
.

^2*2
■wo.o

-

C I.
.

...

155 .50-18 3.00
156 .00-18 3.00

19

1
8

54
24

30
rS

39
pp

0

30
JU
127

360
24

1.176
1 * 150

40.0 269.00 273.00 243 .00-29 1.00
40.0

-

ELECTRONICS TE CH NICIANS. CLASS B-

759

40.0 221.50 215.50 200 .00-24 5.50
40.0 c.17.^0 ^14.00 199.50-23 6.50

-

-

2

23

18

60

86
06

105

144

114

85

EL ECTRONICS TE CH NICIANS. CLASS C-

321
Ji 1

40.0
40.0

194.50 186.50 176.00-21 2.00
1 0..00

2

9

20

20

60

67
67

39

20

15

17

52
52

40.0 236.00 236.00 2 2 2 .50-25 1.50
2 1 7 .00-24 9.00
c.34.00

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

10

7

24
22

26

EL ECTRONICS TECHNI CI AN S. CLASS A-

NURSES.

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)




----

75

~

-

-

-

9
-

-

6

6

32

9

83

24

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

2

-

•

-

•

-

-

*

“

Weekly

amings 1
ard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of----

$

%

Average
weekly

130

s

I

of

s

$

t

t

$

I

s

Mean *

(standard)

Median *

Middle ranged

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

20
19

O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n

140

LI
LI

39
26

23
16

23
18

23
22

7
7

44
44

LI
ii

22
22

S
S
$
S
s
360 380 400 420 440

and
under

140

and

380

400

420

-

-

-

440 o ver

ALL WORKERS
$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS « ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

$

$

$

40.0 213.00 207.00 189.50-239.50
40.0 219.50 213.00 191.50-260.50

212

172

.
*

1
*

*

10
2

25
12

A

32
28

1

14
12

8

40.0 208.50 195.00 176 .00-248.50

80

22
21

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

g

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A:
40.0 300.00 300.00 285 .00-31 3.00
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

144
127

40.0 253.50 255.00 231 .00-27 0.00
40.0 257.50 259.00 243 .00-27 1.50

MANUFACTURING --------------------------

152

40.0 391.50 391.50 356.50-427.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------MANUF ACT UR I M
G

312

40.0 325.00 328.00 305.00-345.00

9
*

*

*

“

“

*

20

63

68

22

45
44

13
13

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

8
a

24

31
25

37
31

14

20
18

24

46

60

92
78

55
51

29
27

8

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
7

7
4

22
14

40
38

*

3
1

*

*

*

“

1

1

11

1
-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

245
221

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---- -------------------

40.0 252.50 253.50 227.50-27 7.00
40.0 255.50 256.50 230.00-27 7.00

“
*
.
*

•

*

*

*

40.0 209.00 203.50 189.50-226.00

166

_
“

*
”

•

“

1
“

-

_
“

*

54

29

19

54
46

48
43

25
25

26
19

30
24

1

|
^^
HO.U 1 v.0 0

14
11

7

_

21
21

54
54

39
39

9
9

-

-

-

-

18
12

1,970
1,953

40.0 242.00 241.50 210.50-277.50
40.0 241.00 241.50 210 .00-27 7.00

2
2

9
9

12
12

38
38

73
73

106
106

121
121

128
128

171
171

301
301

316
316

213
213

323
323

116
116

37
20

4
4

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS AMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1,058
1,041

40.0 269.00 273.00 241 .50-29 1.00
40.0 268.00 272.50 241.50-29 1.00

.
”

*

_
*

*

_
*

*

6
6

13
13

32
32

185
185

206
206

140
140

319
319

116
116

37
20

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS B-

631
631

40.0 217.00 214.00 198.00-234.00
U* V 217.00 214.00 198.00-234.00

-

-

2

23
23

18
18

49
49

76
76

95
95

124
124

109
109

58
58

73
73

4

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS C-

281

40.0 196.00 187.50 176.00-212.00
176.00-212.00
U
1 u.uu

2

9

10
10

15
15

55
55

57
57

39
39

20
20

15
15

7
7

52
52

___

64
56

40.0 239.00 241.00 223 .00-25 4.00
236.00 221 .50-25 0.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

6

7

17
15

26
22

5

2

_

•

4

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------MANUFACTURING ---- --------------------

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL

*

(REGISTERED)

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




16 at $440 to $460; 8 at $460 to $480; and 2 at $500 to

$520.

4

-

•

-

-

-

Average
(mean2 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
hours ‘
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

OF FI CE OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN
$

CLASS ^ _

CLASS 0 ____

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
CLERKS. FILE. CLASS
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G

r___ _,
,

r

nonmanufacturing

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

783
JJ I
426
62

94
53

39.5 165.00
39.5 165.00

211
113
98

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
CLASS A “ ■

40.0 175.50
40.0 169.50
39.5 183.00

309

40.0

CO MPUTER SY ST EM S ANAL YS TS .
$
176.00
40.6 187.50 DRAFTERS* CL AS S A
40.0 160.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- --------NONMANUr ACT UK i N b --------------163.50
40.0 166.00 UK Ar 1LKb * bL Ab b B — — — — — — —

ITrlblb*

A --- -- --

TYrlbTb* CLAbb B

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

40.0 174.50
39.5 134.00
124.50

188
131
57

39.5 140.00
141.00
137.00

638
332

171.00
146.00

259

39.5 133.00
139.50
128.00

ST tN UG N Ar rltKb * btiNLK AL — — “

_*

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

$
319.50

40.0 190.00

665
491

STEN OG RA PH ER S* SENIOR*

of

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WO ME N— C O N T I N U E D

125

V

Number
workers

85
155
82

n

'0 0
39.5 123.50

39.5 150.50
40.0 147.50

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

123

b t L n C 1A

39.0 123.50
39.0 111.50

166.00
166.00
166.50
175.00

W eeklv
hours *
(standard)

Average
(m ean 2)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OF F I C E OC C U P A T I O N S W O M E N — C O NT IN UE D

40.0 146.50

182
182

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING.

633
370
263
72

153
106

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G

Number
of
workers

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

OF FI CE OC C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING*

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

170.50

319
69
219

40.0 26 0. 50
26 0. 00
2 6 2. 00
39.5 20 6. 00
20 2. 00
40 • 0
40 • 0

E L E C TR ON IC S TE C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A-

1.078

40.0 27 0.50

E L EC TR ON IC S TE C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B-

611
566

40.0 22 5.50

E L EC TR ON IC S TE C H N I C I A N S , CLASS

40.0

196.00

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND T E CH NI CA L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N
PR OF ES S I O N A L AND T E CH NI CA L
CLA-'-'

155
422

40.0

161.50

.- ^
40.0

2*838

40.0

1" 1 27
74

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANAL YS TS .
COMP UT ER PR OG RAMMERS.

40.0 218.00

191

308*00
107

39^5 201.00
,^

r\orr

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

CO MPUTER PR OG RA M M E R S .

'00
40.0 246.50

511
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

/An
40.0

^0 0
40.0 245.00

CO MPUTER PR OG RA M M E R S .

190.50

368

40.0

189.00

40.0 256.00 DRAFTERS* CL AS S B —
40.0

———

—

20 5*50

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS.

175.00

'0 0
82

40.0 358.50

NOTE:
E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 3 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tific a tio n w a s p ro v id e d by the estab lish m en t,
to a ll w o r k e r s in an occu p ation .
(S ee appen dix A fo r p u blication c r it e r ia .)




— —

NURSES.

IN DU ST RI AL

(REGISTERED)

E a rn in g s data in ta b le s A - l

and

A -2 ,

-

73

40.0 23 6.50

on the o th er hand,

r e la te

Table A-3a. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x large establishments in San Jose, Calif., March 1975
Average
(mean2 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Average
(mean2 )

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OF FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average
(mean2 )

40.0
40.0

166.50 ST EN OGRAPHERS, SENIOR*
167.50

104

195.00

40.0
40.0

147.00
143.50

117
83

40.0 169.00
174.00

340

40*0 197.50

134
114

40.0
40.0

40.0
40.0

135

40.0

163.00
164.50
2 0 llo 0
186.50

oLuKL 1AK 1 j
1» 547
661
71
67

7

545
86B
584
284
L80

150

uUj 1itL o j t

1 LKA 1UKj i

l» L h

jj

vL. Aj j

L ""
J

^

483

40.0 220.50

EL EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS c -

198.00

239

40.0 198.50
40.0

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
O C C U PA TI ON S - WOMEN

40.0 256.50

61
UKAf 1uK j i v L huu L
J

40.0

184.00 COMPUTER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
191.00
n n H w 1UK 1iiu
170.00
169.50 COMPUTER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
O j i<iuoo > uLAo j u
U
"
173.50

lG ''

.

197.50
cTUb.OO

394.00

178*00
178.50
NURSES,

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




40.0 271*00

219.50
40.0 226.50

*

99

965

E L EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS B238.00
240.00

v,Ul*r U 1LK
193.50
193.00
1 4.00

4

EL EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS

r-Q

40.0

$.

A

DRAFTERS* CLASS C

PR OF ES S I O N A L AND T E CH NI CA L
O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN

249.50
40.0 250.00

J 1U
291

S u C K u T A K It L L A b 5 U

-----------------------------------------

178.00
180.00

o o c

184
134

4*
4
o o c

TYPISTS, CL A S S 8

o ©

39.5 175.00
166.50

UKMP ItK b f

o o
o o

81
50

A

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECH NI CA L
OC CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CONT IN UE D

396
200

LLA j j

Weekly
[standard)

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CONT IN UE D

$

336
255
81

juLKul A K lt.it

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

E a rn in gs data in ta b le A - 3 a r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w hose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the esta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - l a and A -2 a , on the o th er hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu pation.
(S ee appen dix A fo r p u b lica tion c r it e r ia . )

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

----

6?

40.0 240.00
238.00

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

$

$

6.0 0 5.1 0
M ean2

M edian2

Middle range 2

U nder

5

s

S

1--- S--- J--- 1--- 1

s

5.2 0 5.3 0 5.6 0 5.5 0 5.60 5.7 0 5.60 5.90 6.00

J

5

S

6 .1 0 6 .3 0

$

$

$

S

6.5 0 6.7 0 6.9 0 7.1 0

I

$

7.3 0 7.5 0

S

7.7 0

7.9 0 6.1 0

$

and

S
under
5.00
5.1 0 5.2 0 5,30 5.40 5.5 0 5.6 0 5.7p 5,80 5.9p 6.00 6.10 6.3 0 6.5 0 6.7 0 6.9 0 7.1 0 7.30 7.5 0 7.7 0 7.9 0 8.1 0

and
over

ALL WO RK ER S
CARPENTERS. M A IN TE NA NC E ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

88
76

$
6.5 5
6.61

$
6.66
6.66

$
$
6 .0 9 - 6.9 2
6 .0 9 - 6.9 4

5
1

ELECTRICIANS, M A IN TE NA NC E -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

417
384

7.05
7.07

7.48
7.48

6 .3 9 - 7.5 3
6 .5 1 - 7.5 3

14
12

5
1

ENGINEERS. S T AT IO NA RY
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----

111
102

6.3 7
6.2 8

6.23
6.1 4

5 .8 0 - 6.8 6
5 .8 0 - 6.8 6

21
21

16
16

HELPERS. MA I N T E N A N C E TR ADES

59

5.30

5.50

5 .2 4 - 5.5 8

MACHIN E- TO OL OP ER AT OR S, TOOL RO OM
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

72
70

7.26
7.27

7.14
7.14

7 .1 4 - 7.50
7 .1 4 - 7.5 3

MACHINISTS. M A IN TE NA NC E
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------

201
201

6.9 2
6.9 2

6.90
6.90

6 .4 8 - 7.31
6 .4 8 - 7.31

11
11

1
1

1
1

5
5

22
22

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S

301
194
107
87

6.831
6.85
6.781
6.6 3

7.05
7.08
7.27
7.27

6.07i6 .4 6 5.58H
5 .5 4 -

13
13

•

4
4
“

33
29
4
4

_

MECHANICS. M A IN TE NA NC E
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---- —

1.001
971

6.49
6.5 2

6.71
6.71

6 .0 8 - 7.08
6 .0 8 - 7.0 8

275
275

16
16

70
59

6.70
6.6 2

7.01
6.33

6 .0 8 - 7.0 8
6 .0 3 - 7.0 8

17
13

“

263
261

7.8 4
7.83

7.84
7.84

7 .5 8 - 8.2 4
7 .5 8 - 8.2 4

PAINTERS, MA I N T E N A N C E -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---

*
**
***

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e di str ibuted as fo llo w s :

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




•

18
18

4
“

“

31
27

-

26
26

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

12
8

21
21

5
5

47
47

24
21

10
10

15
15

45
45

68
68

126
126

16
-

“

5
5

8
8

23
23

2

1
1

25
25

2

a
8

3

2
2

2

9
9

35
35

6
6

8
8

10
10

3
3

16
16

32
32

33
33

15
15

18
18

12
12

•

8
8

4
4
-

2
2

103
100
3
3

30
12
18
11

31
12
19
18

12

4
4

16

-

12
-

-

*

16
16

6
6
-

4
4

46
46

155
155

351
351

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

.
*

-

22
22

7
7

-

-

7
-

-

-

6
6

5
5

19
19

9
9

7
7

74
74

30
30

.

*13

7.2 8
7.0 8
7.52
7.3 4

“
33
15

“
•

78
78

6
6

1
1

4
4

-

-

to

$4.60; 2 at $4.70 to

8.70 to $ 8.90; and

'

$ 4.80; and 2 at $4.80 to $4.90

at $ 8.90 to $9 .1 0 .

2
“

T

-

-

-

*

**24
24

-

27 ***86
25
86

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s

Hourly earnings3

1

3

5.3 0 5.4 0

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

and
u nder

Median2

3

5

5

i

3

1

5

5.5 0 5.60 5.7 0 5.80 5.90 6.00 6.1 0
-

—

r e c e iv in g

s

s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

s

I

$

3

3

6.20 6.30 6.40 6.50 6.60 6.7 0

s
6.80

$

S

I

6.90 7.10

$

s--- S--- 3— -

7.30 7.50 7.70 7.90 8.10

—

and

5.4 0 5.5Q 5.60 5.7 0 5.8 0 5.9Q 6.00 6.10 6.2 0 6,30 6.40 6.50 6.60 6.7 0 6.8 0 6.90 7.10 7.3 0 7.50 7.70 7.90 8.10

over

ALL W O R K E R S
$

6.57
6.65

E L E C TR IC IA NS , M A I N T E N A N C E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------E N G I NE ER S,

ST AT I O N A R Y

MA C H I N E - T O O L OPERAT OR S,
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

TOOLROOM —

6 .1 5 - 6.92
6 .5 0 - 7.08

7.10
7.12

7.48
7.48

6 .5 6 - 7.53
6 .5 6 - 7.53

6.86

6 .2 3 - 6.86

7.27
7.27

341
311

6.66
6.6 6

6.72

C A RP EN TE RS . MA I N T E N A N C E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

7.14
7.14

7 .1 4 - 7.53
7 .1 4 - 7.53

MA C H I N I S T S , MA I N T E N A N C E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

106
106

6.94
6.94

6.92
6.92

580
580

6.58
6.58

6.78
6.78

6 .0 8 - 7.08
6 .0 8 - 7.08

TOOL AND DIE M A K E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

247
247

7.88
7.88

7.84
7.84

12

45
45

45
45

a

7 .5 8 - 8.24
7 .5 8 - 8.24

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




26 at $8.10 to $8.30; 35 at $8.30 to $8.50; 12 at $8.50 to $8.70;

88

88

35
35

6 .4 9 - 7.31
6 .4 9 - 7.31

M E C H AN IC S, M A I N T E N A N C E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

26
26

22

22
22

22
229
229

247
247
74
74

11 at $8.70 to $8.90; and 2 at $8.90 to

$9.10.

25
25

* 86
86

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




274 at $2.20 to $ 2.40;
355 at $7.00 to $ 7.20;

180 at $2.40 to $ 2 .60; and 94 at $2.60 to $2.80.
166 at $7.20 to $ 7 .40; 127 at $7.40 to $ 7.60; and 142 at $7.60 to $7.80.

Hourly ea mings ^

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

i
s
S
s
I
S
i
$
5
*
J------S
S
S
S
S
S
S
1 ------ -------s—
2.8 0 3*00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.20 4.40 A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5 .20 5.40
5.60 5 . Bo 6.00 6.20 6.40 6 .6 0 6.80 7.00

Number
of
M e in 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

U n der
.
c
and

2 ao under
____ 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5 t 40

5.80

T AA

6«20

ALL WORKERS
$
5.48
5.7A

$
$
4 .5 3 - 5.77
5 .0 0 - 5.77

6
2

5 .7 a

5 .0 0 - 5.77

2

4.2 2
4.2 6
4.05

A . 09
A.0A
4.1 8

3 .5 6 - 4.81
3 .5 5 - 5.04
3 .8 2 - 4.50

8

5.1 4

5 .1 4 - 5.85

6.1 2

5 .1 1 - 6.12

“

5.21

304

$
5.08

5.25

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------

4 .5 4 - 6.22

*
“

6 .8 0
7.33

6 .5 0 - 7.33
5 .9 9 - 7.33

6
2

4
2

4
4

16
16

14
10

2
"

11
7
7

10

6

85
62
23

116
95
21

49
27
22

9A
62
32

3

1

15

*

3

6

6

9

1

5

3

7

*
*
20
20

21
6

7
1

31
31

10

1

31

37
20
17

37
32
5

15
13
2

2

*

120

2

"

9

3

8

“

1
1

9
9

7
7

“

9
9
6

17
10

9
9

15
15

129
129

9

15

129

3

i

60
60

73
73

-

-

-

55
54
1

-

-

1

-

»

3

1

-

2

3

4

6

-

12
12

2
2

5
2

81
81

1A
14

18
18

10

2

*

3
3

i
i

8
8

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46

4

-

56

5

1

i

1

-

2

12

9

▼

-

3
3

32
32

1
1

6
5

15
14

3
1

1
1

11
11

87
87

62
-

-

2

16

8
2

170
2

16

-

GUARDS!
JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

946
787

r_ . _

. «r-

-w ,

6* r6

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING — — —
— — — —

306
242

5.56
5.38

5.95
5.13

339
107

5.26
3.71

6.18
3.59

3 .9 2 - 6.18
3 .4 3 - 3.82

4

16

87
78
9

97
93
4

54
52
2

*♦

5

2
2

■

“

2
2

“

4 .9 8 - 6.04
4 .9 8 - 6.04

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2

66
57
9
“

8

2
13
9
4

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d a s fo llo w s :

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

~

7
7

19
19

122 at $7.20 to $7.40; and 49 at $7.40 to $7.60.

30
30

24
24

10
6

8
8

n

9

-

-

*
-

-

98 *171
171
•
-

-

-

-

-




Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

maintenance

and

Number
of
woikers

Average

(swan2)
hourly
earnings3

powerplant

WfllN |LNArivL

384

6.37

59

5.30

72
70

6.92
6.92

R E CE IV IN G CLERKS ---------------------------------

119

5.52

SHIP PI NG CLERKS ----------------------------------

57

5.01

7.26
7.27

201
201

M A C H IN E- TO OL OP ER AT OR S, T O OL RO OM —

4. 47

7*07

111

4. 50
TR UC KD RI VE RS
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------

301

6.78

1,001
971

6.49
6.52

70

7.84

6.64
6.83
6. 54

6*70

263

1,387
1,004

6.83

107

(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------

KAIH 1LK j t

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

88

n A iii i LrinriUir^*™

L L L v iN il/ lA H o T

Number
of
woikers

CUST OD IA L AND MATE RI AL MO VEMENT
OC C U P A T I O N S - ME N — CO NTINUED

OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN
vAi'KLN i L K j»

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

HA i 1, 1Lri

TR UCKDRIVERS. LIGHT

(UNDER

T R U C K D R I V E R S » HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS,
6.73

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
630
675

C U ST OD IA L AND M A T E R I A L MOVE ME NT
OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN
_

-

-r-.

M A NU FA CT UR IN G
.»■

GU AR DS I
JANITORS* PO RTERS* AND CL EA N E R S -----

256

5.24

1,606

11
*

4.10

C U ST OD IA L AND MATE RI AL MOVEMENT
OCCU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

RE TA IL TRADE
N O T E : E arn in gs data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e on ly
e s ta b lish m en t.
E a rn in gs data in ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5,
(S e e appendix A fo r p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a . )

to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tific a tio n was p ro v id e d b y the
on the o th er hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an occu p a tion .




Sex, occu pation, and industry d iv is io n

m a in te n a n c e

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

$
5*11

79
67

6.6 5

311

7.10
7« lc.

1IM A*. 1 L .lvM livL

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY

Number
of
workers

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

and pow erplan t

OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

i - L L L 1n I n, IM N j ,

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

60

6.72

70

7.27
7.27

106
106

6.9 4
6.94

-----------------------------------------

500
580

6.58
6.58

MANUFACTURING- - - ------------------------------------

247

GUARDS t

7 88
7.88

-----------------------------

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM

- -

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

------

908

4.2 4
4*06
5 17

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------

1H U v ^ L K j f

' U iIL H

MANUFACTURING

l

11
------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f tab les.

E arn in gs data in ta b le A -6 a r e la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n was p r o v id e d by the esta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b les A -4 a and A - 5 a , on the o th er hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occupation.
(S ee appendix A fo r p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a . )

242

5.3 8




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment
shifts, in San Jose, Calif., for selected periods
In d u stry and occu p a tio n a l
grou p

M a r c h 1972
to
M a rc h 1973

M a rc h 1973
to
M a rc h 1974

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )_____________ ____
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m e n and w om en )
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m en )
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m en )

6.0
*

6.9
*

2.5
6.2
6.4

7.4
7.9
6.3

M a n u fa ctu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
_ __
_
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )______
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en ) _ _ _ _ _
_
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m en )
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m en )

5.9
*

7.1
*

4.5
5.7
5.8

7.2
7.7
6.4

6.0
*
**
**

6.6
*
**
**

7.0

5.9

N on m an u factu r in g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )______
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w om en )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m en )
_
_
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m en )

*
**

M a rc h 1974
to
M a rc h 1975

10.7
9.0
10.6
13.2
13.4

10.6
9.1
10.3
12.7
11.1

11.2
**
**
**
**

Data not a v a ila b le .
Data do not m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in th is ta b le a re b a sed on changes in a v e ra g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s f o r esta b lis h m e n ts re p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both the cu rren t and p re v io u s
y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a r e not a ffe c te d b y changes in a v e ra g e ea rn in gs
re s u ltin g fr o m em p lo y m en t sh ifts am ong esta b lis h m e n ts or tu rn o v e r of esta b lish m en ts
in clu d ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to rs
o th er than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m ay a ffe c t an esta b lish m en t
a v e ra g e f o r an occu pation when w o r k e r s a re p aid under plans p rovid in g a range of w age ra tes
f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en te r at the
b ottom o f th e - ra n g e , d e p re s s in g the a v e r a g e without a change in w age ra te s .
T h e s e w a g e tre n d s a re not lin k ed to the w a ge in d ex es p r e v io u s ly published fo r th is
a r e a b eca u se the w a g e in d ex es m e a s u re d changes in a r e a a v e ra g e s w h e re a s th ese w age tren d s
m e a s u re ch an ges in m atch ed es ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s .
O th er c h a r a c te r is tic s of th ese w age
tren d s w hich d if f e r fr o m the discon tin u ed in d ex es in clu d e (1 ) earn in gs data o f o ffic e c le r ic a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rs e s a re c o n v e rte d to an h o u rly b a s is , (2 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d fo r non m an u factu rin g esta b lis h m e n ts w h e re p o s s ib le , and (3 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d fo r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g jo b s .
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f the m eth od used to com pute th ese w age tre n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s ," M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

O ther in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 5

In e x p e rie n c e d typ ists

M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

B ased on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 6 o f—

A ll
in du stries

A ll
schedules

M anufacturing

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 6 of—

A ll
in d u stries

A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

------ ---------------------- _ --------

163

65

XXX

98

XXX

163

65

XXX

98

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m --------------------

61

28

23

33

28

_
1
4
1
1
2
1
4
4
4
2
2

1
3
1
2
1
4
4
3
2
2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died

38

18

16

20

16

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

82.50 and u nder $ 85.00 ___________________________ ______
85,00 and u nder $ 87.50 __________________ _______________
87.50 and u nder $ 90.00 __ ________
_____________ _____
90.00 and u nder $ 92.50 ___________________________________
92.50 and u nder $ 95.00 ____________________________________
95.00 and u nder $ 97.50 ____________________________________
____
97.50 and u nder $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ___________________________
100.00 and u n d er $ 102.50 ___________________________ ____ _
102,50 and u nder $ 105.00 _________________________________
105.00 and u nder $ 107.50 _________________________________
107.50 and u nder $ 1 1 0 .0 0 _____________ ____ _______________
110.00 and u nder $ 1 1 2 .5 0 ___________ ____ _________________
1 12.50 and u nder $ 11 5 . 0 0 ________ ________________________
115.00 and u n d er $ 117.50 _____________________________ _
117.50 and u n der $ 120.00 ......... .................... ...................
120.00 and u n der $ 122.50 _________________ ___
_
122.50 and u n d er $ 125.00 _______________________________ _

1
1
2
1
2
_
_
4
2
_
5
4
2
_
1

1
_
1
_
_
1
1
_
3
2
2
_

1
_
1
_
1
_
1
3
2
2
_

_

_
1
2
2
_
2
2
2
_
_

-

-

1
2
2
_
3
1
2
2
_
_
1

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

125.00
130.00
135.00
140.00
145.00
150.00
155.00
160,00

u n der $ 130.00 ___ _________________________
u n der $ 135.00 ________________________________
u n d er $ 140.00
_____
_
_________
u n der $ 145.00 ________ _______ ___
_ _
u n d er $ 150.00 ______________________________
u n der $ 155.00 _ _____________________
_____
u n der $ 160.00
_ _ _ _
______ _ ______
o v e r _____________________________________________

2
3
1
1
_
3
1
2

1
1
_
1
_
1
1
2

1
1
_
1
_
_

1
2
1
_
_
2

1
2
_
_
2

_

_

_

2

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________ ____

25

12

XXX

13

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y _________________________________________________

100

35

XXX

65

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




_

_

1
4
2
1
3
4
6
1
5
7
4
2
3
2

_
1
1
3
2
1
1
3
2
2
1
2

_
1
1
3
2
1
1
2
2
2
1
2

-

-

2
4
2
1
1
3
1
2

2
1
1
1
1
1
2

1
1
1
2

_
3
2
2
-

2
1
2
-

XXX

33

14

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

69

23

XXX

46

XXX

-

-

-

_

_

-




( A l l fu ll- t im e m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t)
W o rk e rs on la te sh ifts

A ll w ork ers 7
Ite m

Second sh ift

T h ir d s h ift

Second sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

In esta b lis h m e n ts w ith la te s h ifts p r o v is io n s ___

9 3 .5

8 8 .1

18.9

4.6

W ith no p ay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r la te sh ift w o r k . . ---W ith pay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r la te sh ift w o r k ----------U n ifo r m c e n ts - p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l_____ ____
U n ifo r m p e rc e n t d iffe r e n t ia l __________ -_____ —
Othe r d iffe re n ti al----- ------------------------ -----

.9
9 2 .6

_

_
4.6

1 9 .0

P ercen t of w ork ers

4 .0

13.7
40.1
34.4

.1
18.9
8.7
10.0
.2

18.0
8.6

21.1
12.1

19.4
8.1

1.1
10.3
1.8
.4
.5

2.6
.3
3.4
2.8
.8
.3

.4
1.5
.4
.2

3 3 .1
5 5 .5

8 8 .1

1 .6
1 .5
1 .5

A v e r a g e pay d iffe r e n tia l
U n ifo rm c e n ts -p e r -h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l----------------U n ifo r m p e rc e n t d if f e r e n t ia l ______________________

9 .8

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s by typ e and
amount o f pay d iffe r e n tia l
U n ifo r m c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
5 cen ts---------------------------------------------------------_
10 c e n ts ____ ______ _____ _ __ ______ ____________
I 2 V2 , I 3 V3 » o r 14 c e n t s ------------------------------15 c e n t s __ _______________________________________
18 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------19 c e n t s ___________________________________________
20 o r 21 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------2 l*/s c e n t s _____________ ______ __ ___ ______________
23 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------25 cent s __ ________ — --------------------------3 1 c e n t s _______________________________ ___________
32 c e n t s _______ ___________ __ __ ___ ____________
_
3 5 cent s ___________________ ________________ ___
41 c e n t s — _____ -— --------------------------------------U n ifo r m p e rcen t:
4 p e r c e n t— -------------------------------------------------5 pe rc e n t__ ____________ ___ ___ _____________ _____
6 p e r c e n t.—----------- --------------------------------------8 pe rc e n t_____ _____ _______________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________ ______ _
12 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------I 2 V2 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ---- ---------------------------------------------

-

1.2
8.5
1.9
4.9
1.6
.8
-

-

1.9
1.6

4.5
4.6

-

2 .3
8 .2

4.5

36.0
-

11.4
3.7
3.7
16.8

2.9

18.8

1.1

15.6

-

.2
3.9
.3
1.2
.4
.1

.4

.4

.6
.1
(8 )
.2

1.1
1.3
.6
1.8
5.1
-

.5

.5
(8 )
.1
.3

O th er d iffe r e n tia l:
F u ll d a y 's pay fo r re d u ced hou rs
F u ll d a y 's pay f o r red u ced h ou rs
plus p e r c e n t----------------- ---------------------------

.2

1.2
.3

Plant workers

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s by scheduled
w e e k ly h o u rs and days

A l l f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s __
35 h ou rs— 5 d a y s _____ ______________
36 hours— 5 d a y s __________________
3 7 V2 h ou rs— 5 d a y s __________________
38% h ou rs— 5 d a y s __________
40 h ou rs— 5 d a y s ___________
48 h ou rs— 6 d a y s ____________

100

6

100

100

100

10
8
81

100

100

16

10

11

( 9)
"
“

7ft

88

89

99

“
'
“
"
100

39.7

40.0

40.0

n

83

100

( )

100

'6

A v e r a g e sch ed u led w e e k ly hours
A l l w e e k ly w o r k s c h e d u le s ______________

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




3 9 .6

3 9 .4

40.0

40.1

3 9 .7

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tra d e

A l l in d u stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

R e ta il tra d e

P ercen t o f w ork ers
A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ________________________________________

100

In esta b lis h m e n ts not p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s
In esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________

100

100

100

13

(’ )

95

100

100

87

9.3

9 .7

9.9

7.6

1
1
1
2
1
7
1
6
1

_
-

_
2
-

6
3
4
10
3
5
9

5

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

9 .5

9.8

9 .9

8.3

100

1

A v e r a g e nu m ber o f paid h o lid a y s
F o r w o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts
p ro v id in g h o lid a y s ________________________________________________
P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s by nu m ber
o f paid h o lid a y s p r o v id e d 1
0
2 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________________
3 h o lid a y s ______________________ - ------------- - 5 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s __________________________________
7 h o lid a y s __________ ____ _________________________ - ------ ---------7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d ay _________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________________________
8 h o lid a y s _________ ______ ___________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d ay _________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ------------------- ----------------------------9 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d ay ----------------------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________________
10 h o lid a ys plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________________
13 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________________
14 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________________

1
9

6
1
-

n

_

_

_

-

-

_
_
_
-

(? )
n
n
2

1
-

-

10
-

36

13
-

9
2
-

n
(9 )
17
7
(9)
21
4
2
27
3
6
9
(9 )

n

-

25
2
1
29
2
9
4
3

24
3
2
32
3
11
5
5

-

-

-

-

95
94
93
93
90
90
83
82
76
75
50
48
18
16
7
3

100
100
100
100
100
99
90
90
85
84
60
57
23
20
9
5

100
100
100
100
100
100
98
98
98
97
87
87
13
13
-

87
81
78
74
64
64
61
56
47
47
11
11
2
2
2

-

-

-

“

"

74

-

(9 )
2
10
1
-

28
5
3
22
4
7
16
1

1

_
(9 )
1
-

6
-

_
6
7
3
2
32
-

36
-

91
1
(9 )
-

13
-

-

-

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y to ta l paid
h o lid a y tim e p r o v id e d 1
1
2 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------- — ---3 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------------5 days o r m o r e _____________________________________________________
6 days o r m o r e _____________________________________________________
6Va days o r m o r e _________ _________________________________________
7 days o r m o r e ------------- --------------------------------------------------l l days o r m o r e __________________________________________________
/z
8 days o r m o r e _____________________________________________________
8 V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------- ------------..........................
9 days o r m o r e .........
9 V2 days o r m o r e __________________________________________ _______ _
10 days o r m o r e ____________________ - ............................—.......—.......
IOV 2 days o r m o r e ___________________________________________ _
11 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------12 days o r m o r e ________________________
___________________
13 days o r m o r e ____________________________________________________
14 d a ys_____________________________ ____ _____________________________




99
99
99
98
98
98
97
96
80
73
52
48
19
16
10
(9 )
(9 )

100
100
100
100
100
99
98
98
88
86
59
54
28
24
16
1
1

100
100
100
100
100
100
99
99
99
98
92
92
1
1
(9 )

99
99
99
93
86
86
83
81
49
49
13
13

_
_
_
_

-

Plant workers

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Ite m 1
0

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100
59
26
2
100
100
100
_
3
100
73
33
13
100
2
16
19
32
15
2
6
11
-

100
100
3
_
100
100
100

99
30
_

P e rc e n t of w ork ers

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s ____

____________

__________________

N e w Y e a r 's D a y _____________________ ______________ __________ _
W a s h in g to n 's B irth d a y
G ood F r i d a y __________________ ___________________________ _______
G ood F r id a y , h a lf d a y _____________________ _____ _____ _______
M e m o r ia l D a y ___________________ _______________________ __ __ _
F o u rth o f J u l y ____ ____________ ____________ __ __ ...... ....... _
L a b o r D a y __________________________________ ________ ________ _
A d m is s io n D a y _____________________________________________________
C olu m bu s D a y ______________________________________________________
V e te ra n s D ay
T h a n k s g iv in g D ay
D a y a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g ___________ ________________ . . . . . . .
C h r is tm a s E v e __________ ____________ _____ __________________
C h ris tm a s E v e , h a lf d a y _____________________ _____ _____ ____
G h ris tm a s D a y __________________ _____ _____ „ __ ________ .
1 e x tr a d a y du rin g C h r is tm a s w e e k ________ __________________
3 e x t r a days d u rin g C h r is tm a s w e e k
_
_
N e w Y e a r 's E v e
_
_ . _
........
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 d ay 1
3
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 2 days 1
3
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 3 days 1
3
.
..
___ ...
____
F lo a tin g ) h o lid a y , 5 days 1
3
E m p lo y e e 's b irth d a y
_
_ _ ____
_ ^
E m p lo y e e 's b irth d a y , 2 days
_ _
E m p lo y e e 's a n n iv e r s a r y __________________________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




100

100

100

100

95
62
27
1
93
93
93

100
63
42
100
100
100
8
100
69
40
10
100
2
9
21
25
14
4
4
3
-

100
100
100
100
100
57
31
100
76
4
1
100
10
63

84
50
2
5
74
77
74
_
28
81
11
11
87
9
6
6
8
34

(’ )
4
14
94
54
29
7
95
2
7
15
22
10
5
3
13
1
(’ >

-

30
10
3

-

1

100
99
70
14
8
99
99
99
16
9
5
99
60
20
8
99
1
10
10
31
13
3
3
11
(’ )
( 9)

_

78
23
100
92
2
1
100
(»)

75

_
_
_

17
(’ )
(’ )

2
93
93
93

_
10
99
13
13
99

13
3
27
26
19
6

Plant workers

O ffic e v o r k e r s

Ite m

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

All industries

100

100

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

P ercen t o f w ork ers
100

A l l fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s --------------- -----------------------------------

100

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts not p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s ____________________________________________________
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s !__ __________________________________________________
L e n g th - o f- tim e p a y m e n t--------------------------------------- --------—
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t ___________________________________________

(’ )

“

99
95
5

100
93
7

100
98
2

100
99
(’ )

100
99
( 9)

1
40
5

2
48
7
( 9)

50
"

~
20
~
-

64
7

16

27

48
“
50

8
"
85

"

100

■
100
100

100

_
100
100

100

“
100
99
( 9)

Am ount o f paid v a c a tio n a ft e r : 1
4

6 m onths o f s e r v ic e :
U nder 1 w e e k ________________________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________ ____ ____ ____ ________ _________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________ ____ ______
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------- ---------------------

(? )
n

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ------------ ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------2 w e e k s ___ __ _________________________ ____ ______________ ____
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------- ----- 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________

25
2
60
4
2
1
5

64
4
3

2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w eek
____ _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________________ _
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________

8
76
6
2
1
5

6
74
6
3
2
9

3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ---------------------------- ----------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w ee k s ________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________ ___________

3
75
8
7
2
5

71
11
8
2
9

4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------- ------------------------- ------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______ __________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________________________ ____ —
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________

3
75
8
8
2
5

~
71
11
8
2
9




3
61
12

2

2

(? )
( 9)

3

2
2

60
10
( 9)

73

"
8

6
~
84
6

19
“
79

50

2
3

2
“

9

“
88
12

16
82
2
"

1
85
6
6
2

1
77
8
11
3

13
86
2

( 9)
82
8
8
2

76
8
13
3

“
86

13
86

13
2

2

( 9)
82
8
9
2

“
76
8
13
3

"

86
13
2

“
98
2
“

50

1
99
-

_

_
98
~
1
2

1
99
-

“
98

1
99

1
2

“

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

R e ta il tra d e

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il tra d e

A m ount o f paid v a c a tio n a fte r 14— C ontinued
5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ______________ _________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s ______________________ ____ ______
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s _________________________________

3
37
11
40
1
7
n

33
14
41
2
10
“

10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s _________________________________

3
5
69
7
15
1

4
65
10
20
2

12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____ _____ _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________ _____________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s _

3
5
62
11
18
1

4
56
17
21
2

15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u nder 5 w e e k s _________________________________

3
4
40
3
47
4

4
37
4
50
5

20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________ ____________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s _________________________________
5 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n der 6 w e e k s _________________________________

3
4
15
n
58
1
17
1

4
14
1
63
2
17
1

25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u nder 5 w e e k s _________________________________
5 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s _____________________ ___________

3
4
13
n
45
6
28
1




78
20
2
-

( 9)
81
17
2

-

n
81

13
34
5
47
2
“

( 9)
41
14
39
2
4
( 9)

37
24
28
3
8

13
10
75
2

( 9)
5
75
4
14
2

4
67
7
19
3

(’ )
5
71
7
15
2

-

-

4
63
9
20
3

( 9)
97

13
10
71

-

-

6

-

13
6
30
51
“

(’ )
4
47
2
43
4

4
40
3
46
7

13
6
15
38

<’ )
4
12
1
74
2
7
1

4
9
1
70
3
12
1

(’ )
4
9
1
53
3
30
1

“
4
9
1
47
6
31
1

(’ )
81
17
2

(• )
3
85
-

-

10
2

28
"

-

~

4
12
1
51
10
22
1

n
3

13
6
11

-

-

17

34

-

-

79
2

37

1
58
2
38
-

-

17
2

96
3
2
-

-

-

1
12
87
-

(’ )
97
1
2

-

1
12
87

-

-

1
2

-

-

1
6
51
41
~

( 9)
97
1
2

( 9)
2
96

-

1
6
9
73

-

-

( 9)
2

10
“

-

(’ )
2
-

7
-

89
2

1
6
3
-

47
-

42

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tra d e

A l l in d u stries

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

R e ta il tra d e

Am ount o f paid v a c a tio n a ft e r 14— Continued
30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ___________________________________ ___________ _________
2 w e e k s _____ __________,
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________ _____ ___
___
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s .
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________________
5 w e e k s ______________________________________________ ______
O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s _____________ ___________________
6 w e e k s ____ ___________________________________________________

3
4
13
(’ )
43
6
26
1
3

4
12
1
51
10
18
1
5

M a x im u m va c a tio n a v a ila b le :
1 w e e k ____ _________________________________ _____________ ____
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________ ______
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________ ________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________ ______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________ _____ _______ __________
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ________________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s _________________________________
6 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

3
4
13
(’ )
43
1
30
1
1
3

4
12
1
51
2
26
1
5

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

( 9)
3
9
86
2
-

( 9)
3

13
6
11
34
37
-

13
6
11

-

-

9

34
37

-

86
2
-

-

-

( 9)
4
9
1
52
3
30
1
1

4
9
1
47
6
30
1
1

(’ )
4
9
1
51
2
32
1
( 9)
1

4
9
1
47
3
34
1
( 9)
1

-

-

( 9)
2
2
95
2
-

(’ )
2
-

2
-

94
2
( 9)

1
6
3
47
42
-

1
6
3
47
-

42
-

-

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o rk e rs
It e m
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tra d e

A l l in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il tra d e

P e rcen t of w o rk ers

A l l f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s

___

_ __________

____

100

100

100

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g a t le a s t one
o f the b e n e fits shown b e lo w 15___________________

99

100

100

L i f e in s u r a n c e _______________________________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _________________________

98
81

99
88

98
85

A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t in su ra n ce ......
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ______________________ ____

87
72

90
80

85
85

88
52

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r sick
le a v e o r both 16__________________

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

100

99
63

98
84

99
95

98
87

93
31

86
77

90
87

87
87

80
19

87

88

96

81

95

93

100

99

24
53
30

22
19
58
24

67
54
35
57

14
14
40
41

29
23
82
13

23
18
91
2

84
73
24
76

5
5
51
48

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u ra n c e
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans ____

45
29

53
31

72
72

19
10

55
36

50
31

89
89

6
(»)

H o s p ita liz a tio n in su ra n ce
N o n c o n tr ib u to r v plans

99
84

100
87

100
83

99
73

99
76

100
95

100
86

100
56

S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y plans

99
84

100
87

100
83

99
73

99
76

100
95

100
86

100
56

M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans

99
83

100
87

100
83

99
73

99
76

100
95

100
86

100

97
78

95
78

100
83

99
73

99
74

100
91

100
86

100
56

59
54

60
54

38
38

61
57

51
38

59
54

17
17

57
51

77
63

76
59

92
91

78
59

86
70

82
61

94
94

86
41

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e ________ _____ ______ ____
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ________________________________ _____
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d )
S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r w a itin g p e r io d )

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e _
N o n c o n trib u to ry plan s
D en ta l in s u ra n c e
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans

r

___

....

R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________ ____ _______________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p lan s
___

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




20

5
6

Footnotes

A l l o f th e s e stan d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not apply to th is b u lle tin .

1 Standard hou rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r an d/or p re m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r re s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly hours.
2 T he m ea n is com p u ted fo r each jo b by to ta lin g the e a rn in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ia n
d esig n a tes p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
T h e m id d le ran ge is d e fin e d
by two r a te s o f p ay; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s ea rn le s s than the lo w e r of th ese rates and a fo u rth ea rn m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .
3 E x c lu d e s p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
4 T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta rtin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e p aid f o r stan d a rd
w o rk w e e k s.
5 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6
Data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a ll stan dard w o rk w e e k s com b in ed , and f o r the m o s t com m on standard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .
7 In clu d es a ll plant w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m en ts c u r re n tly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lish m en ts w h ose fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
sh ifts , even though the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g la te sh ifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
9 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
10 F o r p u rp o s es o f th is study, pay fo r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r, n e g o tia te d in the a u tom ob ile in d u s try , is not tr e a te d as a p aid h o lid a y .
1 A l l c o m b in atio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com bined; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
1
a to ta l o f 9 days in clu d es th o s e w ith 9 fu ll days and no h a lf d ays, 8 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d ays, 7 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and s o on.
P ro p o r tio n s then w e r e cum ulated.
12 A C h r is tm a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d is an unbroken s e r ie s o f h o lid a y s w h ich in clu des C h ris tm a s E v e , C h r is tm a s D ay, N e w Y e a r 's
E v e, and N e w Y e a r 's D ay.
Such a h o lid a y p e r io d is com m on in the a u to m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , and fa r m im p le m e n t in d u s tr ie s .
1 " F lo a t in g " h o lid a y s v a r y fr o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o ice .
3
1 In clu d es paym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e of annual e a rn in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an
4
equ iva len t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e rc e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e a r e chosen a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f le c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n ; f o r e x a m p le , changes in p ro p o rtio n s at 10 y e a r s in clu d e ch an ges b etw een
5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s, the p ro p o rtio n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fte r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r
at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
1 E s tim a te s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e fo r a ll plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p art of the c o s t is b orn e by th e e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n tr ib u to ry
5
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th ose fin a n c ed e n tir e ly by the e m p lo y e r .
E xclu d ed a re le g a lly re q u ire d p lan s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u rity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t.
1 U n d u p licated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick le a v e o r s ic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e p lans a r e
8
lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay that each e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t.
In fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclu d ed .




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la te d b e n e fits data a re obtained by p e rs o n a l v is its o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n t­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In ea ch o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p lo y m en t and
o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d by a com b in ation o f p e rs o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and telep h on e
in te r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rv e y .

w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra tes.
Such sh ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o st e sta b lish m en ts in an a re a
in c r e a s e w a g e s during the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a rn in g s o f occu p a tio n a l g rou p s, shown in ta b le A -7 ,
a re b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the grou p s.

In each o f the 82 2 a r e a s c u r r e n tly s u rv e y e d , data a re obtained fr o m re p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u factu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tio n , and oth er
pu b lic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l es ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try grou p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e stu d ies a re g o vern m en t op eration s and the co n stru ctio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu pation s studied. S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d fo r
ea ch o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and esta b lish m en ts d iffe r
in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u al esta b lish m en ts.

T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e con d u cted on a sam p le b a s is .
T h e sam p lin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scop e o f an in d ivid u a l a r e a su rvey by in d u stry and nu m ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d , w ith ea ch e s ta b lish m en t
h avin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim u m a ccu ra cy at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data a re com b in ed , ea ch e sta b lish m en t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is given a w eight o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf
plus th r e e o th e r s . An a lte rn a te o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y - s iz e
c la s s ific a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le fo r the o r ig in a l sam p le m e m b e r. I f no su itab le substitute is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p ation s and E a rn in g s
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty o f m anu factu ring and nonm anu factu ring
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu pation al c la s s ific a tio n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in d u ties w ith in th e sa m e jo b . O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , th e e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a re f o r a ll in d u s trie s com b in ed .
E a rn in g s data f o r so m e o f th e occu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c rib e d , o r f o r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin
o ccu p a tio n s, a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s , becau se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough d a ta to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not p re s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y sex is 20 p ercen t o r m o r e o f the men o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occu p ation .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in du stry d iv is io n s are in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s
c o m b in ed data, w h e r e shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu ded in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a t io n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le. E a rn in g s data exclu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N on p rod u ction bonuses a re ex clu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g allo w a n ces
and in c e n tiv e bon u ses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
occu p a tion s r e f e r to the sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k (rou nded to the n e a re s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e o ccu p ation s a re rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f occu p ation al ea rn in gs in an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a ge changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by changes in w a ges and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c y cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton,
N .Y . —P a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie— Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N . Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70
areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu pation s should not be assu m ed to
r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to r s w hich m a y con tribu te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , sin ce only the ra tes paid incum bents
a r e c o lle c te d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific du ties w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u rv e y jo b d e s c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ithin the scope
o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d . B eca u se occu p a tion a l s tru ctu res among e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f occu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob tain ed fr o m the s a m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e only to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s stu died. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occu pation al
stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the ea rn in g s data.
W a g e tre n d s fo r s e le c te d occu p a tio n a l gro u p s
The
A nnual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w a g e ch an ges b etw een the in d ica ted dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e f le c t the amount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rv e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m onths. A nnual r a te s a re b a sed on the assum ption that w a ges
a con stan t ra te b etw een s u rv e y s .

O ccu pation s u sed to com pu te w a g e tre n d s a re :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eypu nch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la ss B
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— Continued
C o m p u ter s y s te m s a n a lysts, c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n ):

E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):

C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a ch in i sts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs

C o m p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

U n s k ille d plant (m e n ):

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d iv id u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a re com p u ted as fo llo w s :
1. E ach occu pation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a sed on it s p ro p o rtio n a te em p loym en t in the s e le c te d
gro u p o f occu pation s in the b a se y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com pu te grou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o ccu p a tion 's a v e ra g e (m ean )
ea rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u cts a re to ta le d to obtain a grou p a v e ra g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f gro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com p u ted by divid in g the a v e ra g e
f o r the c u rre n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen t— le s s 100
is the p e rc e n t change.

E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w age
p ro v is io n s f o r fu ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
’’ P la n t w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and t r a in e e s ) e n ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m m a n u fa ctu rin g, but in clu d ed in n on m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s .
" O ffic e w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r ic a l o r
re la te d fu n ction s.
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a r t- tim e e m p lo y e e s a re exclu d ed .
P a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a re th ose h ir e d to w o r k a sch edu le c a llin g r e g u la r ly fo r fe w e r w e e k ly hours than
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's sch edu le f o r fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s in the sam e g e n e r a l typ e o f w o rk .
The
d e term in a tio n is b a sed on th e e m p lo y e r 's d is tin c tio n b etw een the tw o grou p s w h ich m a y take into
account not only d iffe r e n c e s in w o rk sch ed u les but d iffe r e n c e s in pay and b e n e fits .
M in im u m en tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s r e la te only to the esta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . (See
ta b le B - l . )
B eca u se o f the op tim u m sa m p lin g tech n iq u es used and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
e sta b lish m en ts a re m o r e liK e ly than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to have fo r m a l en tra n c e ra te s above the
s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l, the ta b le is m o r e re p r e s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e esta b lis h m e n ts .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data a re lim it e d to fu ll- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s trie s . (See
ta b le B - 2 .) T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d in te r m s o f (1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y 3 f o r to t a l plant w o r k e r
e m p lo ym en t, and (2 ) e f fe c t iv e p r a c tic e fo r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
s u rv e y . In esta b lis h m e n ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the amount a pplyin g to a m a jo r it y is used.
In
e sta b lish m en ts h avin g s o m e la t e - s h ift hours p a id at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l is r e c o r d e d on ly i f it
applies to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h ou rs. A secon d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r m id n igh t. A
th ird (n igh t) sh ift s ta rts w o rk at o r n e a r m id n igh t.
T h e sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and days o f a m a jo r it y of the fir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent a re ta b u la ted as a pplyin g to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lish m en t.
(See
ta b le B - 3 .)
Schedu led w e e k ly hou rs and days a re th ose w h ich a m a jo r it y o f fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p ected to w o rk fo r s tr a ig h t- tim e o r o v e r t im e ra te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u ra n c e , and p en sion plans a re tr e a te d s ta tis tic a lly
as applying to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m ay
e ven tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c tic e s lis te d . (S ee ta b le s B -4 throu gh B - 6 .) Sums o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in
ta b les B -2 th rou gh B -5 m a y not eq u a l to ta ls b eca u se o f rounding.

T h e su m m ary o f v a ca tio n plans is a s ta t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s r a th e r than a
m e a s u re of the p ro p o rtio n of fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits . (S ee ta b le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s apply to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v ic e .
P a y m e n ts on o th er than a tim e b a s is a re c o n v e r te d to a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in gs a re c o n s id e re d equ iva len t to 1 w e e k 's p a y. O n ly b a s ic plans a r e in clu d ed . E s tim a te s
e x clu d e va ca tion bon u ses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s, and " e x te n d e d ” o r " s a b b a t ic a l” b e n e fits b eyo n d b a s ic
p la n s.
Such p r o v is io n s a re ty p ic a l in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
H ealth , in s u ra n c e , and pen sion plans f o r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p a rt o f the co s t
in clu d e th ose (1 ) u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce, com p an y o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2 )
p ro v id e d through a union fund, o r (3 ) paid d ir e c t ly b y th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r
fr o m a fund set a sid e fo r th is p u rp ose.
(See ta b le B - 6 . )
An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have
such a plan if the m a jo r ity o f e m p lo y e e s a re c o v e r e d e v e n though l e s s than a m a jo r it y p a r tic ip a te
under the plan b eca u se e m p lo y e e s a re r e q u ir e d to co n trib u te to w a r d the c o s t.
E x c lu d e d are
le g a lly re q u ire d p la n s, such as w o rk m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Sickn ess and accid en t in su ra n ce is lim it e d to that ty p e o f in s u ra n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d
ca sh paym en ts a re m ade d ir e c tly to the in s u r e d du rin g t e m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a cc id e n t d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d fo r a ll such plans to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w hich have en a cted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n ce la w s re q u ir in g e m p lo y e r
c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plans a re in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2) p ro v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f
p a id sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay during ab sen ce fr o m w o rk b eca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p re s e n te d
a c c o rd in g to (1) plans w h ich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) plan s w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r
p a r t ia l pay or a w a itin g p e rio d .
In addition to the p re s e n ta tio n o f p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a ccid en t in su ran ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who
r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ility in su ra n ce plans p r o v id e p a ym en ts to t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ira tio n o f th e ir paid sick le a v e and/or s ic k n e s s and a cc id e n t in s u ra n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e te r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n ts a r e m ad e u n til the end o f the d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m age, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p aym en ts a r e a lm o s t a lw ays
re d u ced by s o c ia l s e c u rity , w o rk m e n 's c o m p en sa tio n , and p r iv a te p en s io n s b e n e fits p a y a b le to the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

Data on paid h o lid a y s a re lim it e d to h o lid a y s g ra n te d annually on a fo r m a l b a s is , w hich (1)
a re p ro v id e d f o r in w r itte n fo r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s ta b lis h e d by cu stom .
(See ta b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a ys
o r d in a r ily gra n te d a re in clu d ed e ven though th ey m ay f a ll on a n on w orkday and the w o r k e r is not
gra n ted another day o ff.
T h e fir s t p a rt o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h ole and
h a lf h olid ays actu a lly g ra n ted . T h e secon d p a rt com b in es w h o le and h a lf h o lid a ys to show to ta l h olid a y
tim e .
T a b le B -4 a re p o r ts the in c id e n c e o f the m o s t com m on paid h o lid a y s.

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce plans p ro te c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m s ic k n e s s and in ju ry e x p e n s e s beyond
the c o v e r a g e of b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p lan s. T y p ic a l fe a tu re s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
plan s a re (1 ) a "d e d u c tib le ” (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) p aid b y the in s u re d b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in ; (2 ) a co in s u ra n c e
fe a tu re re q u irin g the in s u re d to pay a p o rtio n (e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f c e r ta in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) stated
d o lla r m a xim u m b en efits (e .g ., $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p aym en t o f d o c to rs ' fe e s . D ental in su ra n ce u su ally c o v e r s f illin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . E xclu d ed
a re plans which c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a cc id e n t d a m a ge.
R e tir e m e n t p en sion plan s p r o v id e
p aym en ts fo r the re m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's lif e .

3 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
® An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number o f days sick leave available to each
employee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in San Jose, Calif.,1 March 1975
N u m b er o f e sta b lish m en ts

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

em p loym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scop e
o f study

W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts
W ith in scope o f study

W ithin scop e
o f study *

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied
N u m ber

P ercen t

F u ll- t im e
plant w o r k e r s

F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

A l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________- _______________ __
N on m an u factu rin g
___ ________________________ ____
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th er pu blic u t ilit ie s 5 ________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e ______________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te _________
S e r v ic e s 8 _________________________________________

-

796

163

215,080

100

101,527

32. 289

116,468

50
-

322
474

65
98

124,125
90, 955

58
42

62,934
38, 593

15,845
16,444

71, 190
45,278

50
50
50
50
50

39
51
208
61
115

14
10
24
15
35

13,482
6 ,669
35, 093
9,752
25,959

6
3
16
5
12

6, 740
( 6)
21,580
C)

(6 )

3,207
(6)
1,942
(‘ )
( 6)

11,196
3,352
11,472
5,686
13,572

L a r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A l l d i v i s i o n s __________________________________ -

-

83

47

134,866

100

59.501

22,243

99.796

M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________ _______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________
T ra n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ___________ ___ -___ -— _
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ______________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v ic e s 8 ___ ______ ___ ____ __
____ ___

500
-

48
35

22
25

91,862
43, 004

68
32

43,005
16,496

12,365
9, 878

64,807
34,989

500
500
500
500
500

3
2
13
4
13

3
2
8
4
8

9, 839
2,591
11,999
4, 381
14, 194

7
2
9
3
11

4,5 0 3
(6)
8, 122
(6 )

2, 775
(‘ )
915
(‘ )
( 6)

9, 839
2,591
8,532
4, 381
9,646

1 T h e San J o se Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget throu gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f Santa C la r a County.
T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin
scop e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a rea so n a b ly accu rate d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r,
fo r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re em ploym en t tre n d s o r l e v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f w a g e s u rv e y s re q u ir e s esta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2 ) s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu ded fro m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as u sed to c la s s ify esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ies in in d u s trie s such as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and o th er w o rk e rs exclu d ed fr o m the sep a ra te plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t il i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
Sep arate presen ta tion o f
data is not m a d e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p loym en t is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le w a s not d esig n ed in it ia lly to p e rm it
s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is e n t ir e d iv is io n a r e r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r
" a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o rtio n only in e s tim a te s
fo r
"a ll
in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
Sep arate p resen ta tio n o f data is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and oth er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess
s e r v ic e s ; au tom ob ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iza tio n s (exclu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .
In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m anu factu ring
A lm o s t t h r e e - fift h s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f the s u rv e y in the San J ose a re a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g fir m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p re s e n ts the m a jo r in d u s try grou p s
and s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s trie s

E le c t r ic a l eq u ip m en t and
s u p p lie s ___________________________ 41
M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ____19
O rdn an ce and a c c e s s o r i e s ______ 15
F ood and k in d re d p r o d u c ts __________9

E le c tr o n ic com ponents and
a c c e s s o r i e s _____________________ 25
O ffic e and com puting
m a c h in e s _____________________ _ 13
_
O rd n a n ce ---------------------------------- 12
E le c t r ic te s t and d istrib u tin g
eq u ip m e n t________________________10
Canned, cu red , and fr o z e n
f o o d s ___________________________ - 6
S p ecia l in d u stry m a c h in e r y ____ 5

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g tabu lation show s the p e rc e n t o f fu ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs
e m p lo y e d in esta b lis h m e n ts in w hich a union c o n tra c t o r c o n tra c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r ity o f
the w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , San J o s e , C a lif., M a rch 1975:

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l em p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e rs e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d if f e r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the re s u lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in the appendix ta b le .




P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s tr ie s ______
M an u factu rin g ______
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s _____
R e t a il t r a d e ________

.

46
45
97
34

O ffic e w o rk e rs
16
28
20
9

A n esta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e re d to have a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o ffic e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d by a la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e , a ll o th e r plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts that e ith e r do
not have la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra c ts in e ffe c t , o r h ave co n tra c ts that apply to fe w e r than
h a lf o f th e ir plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p re s e n ta tiv e o f the
exten t to w hich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g em en t
a g re e m e n ts , becau se s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed and the in d u s tria l scope o f the
s u rv e y is lim ite d .

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p re p a r in g jo b d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w a g e su rv e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p ation s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d under a V a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g em en ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f occu p a tio n a l w a ge ra te s r e p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f occu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o s e in use in
in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a pplyin g th e s e jo b d e s c rip tio n s , the B u rea u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tru c te d
to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic
ty p e w r ite r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th er c l e r i c a l w o rk
in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a ch in e, a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f
m a cn in e, as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p o s tin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
re c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u ra c y
o f accounting docum ents; a ssign in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n co d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c le r ic a l a ccu ra cy v a rio u s typ es o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .; o r p re p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m anual o r au tom ated
accounting system .

B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (com b in a tion typ in g and
adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rch ase o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p re d e te r m in e d discou nts and
shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com pu ted on the b illin g
m a ch in e, and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated by m a ch in e. T h e o p era tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m ber o f carb on c o p ie s o f the b i l l b ein g p re p a re d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m ach in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a book k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithout a
t y p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p era tio n .
G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a n u m b er of v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com pu tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w led ge o f book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w ork r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro c e s s in g and re c o r d in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b oo k k eep in g and accou n tin g t e r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssign ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to h ave a k n o w le d g e o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b ookkeepin g and accounting.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

G la ss A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s w h ich re q u ir e
the ap p lication o f e x p e rie n c e and ju d gm en t, f o r e x a m p le , c le r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n r e p e titiv e accounting trains a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
co d es and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p r e v io u s a ccou n tin g action s to d e te rm in e
s o u rc e o f d is c re p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a book k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithout a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f
bu sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K eep s a s et o f r e c o r d s re q u ir in g a k n o w led ge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ookkeepin g
p rin c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a r tic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p ro p e r re c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M a y
p r e p a re con s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th er r e c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B.
K ee p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s usu ally
req u irin g lit t le k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g. P h a s e s o r se c tio n s in clu de accounts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ' accounts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o st
d istrib u tio n , exp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n ces and p re p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accounting d ep artm en t.

R e v is e d occu p a tio n a l d e s c rip tio n s f o r sw itc h b o a rd o p e ra to r; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p tio n is t; m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r a re b ein g in tro d u ced th is y e a r .
T h e y a re the re s u lt o f the B u re a u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly r e v ie w in g a r e a w a ge s u rv e y o ccu p ation al
d e s c rip tio n s in o r d e r to take in to account te c h n o lo g ic a l d e v elo p m en ts and to c la r if y d e s c rip tio n s so
that th ey a re m o r e r e a d ily u n d erstood and u n ifo rm ly in te r p r e te d .
E ven though the r e v is e d
d e s c rip tio n s r e fle c t b a s ic a lly the sam e occu pation s as p r e v io u s ly d e fin ed , so m e r e p o rtin g changes
m ay o ccu r b eca u se o f the r e v is io n s .
T h e new s in g le l e v e l d e s c r ip tio n fo r sw itch b o a rd o p e r a to r
le v e ls p re v io u s ly d efin ed .




is not the e q u iv a le n t o f the two

C la s s B . U n der c lo s e su p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and sta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o stin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tific a tio n of ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ic a te d ; ch eck in g
a c c u ra c y and c o m p leten ess o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and codin g
docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m .
M a y p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and manual task s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f ile s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
d ocu m en ts, etc ., in an es ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f ile th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

L is te d b e lo w a re
s te r e o ty p e s in the title s :

in d exes f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b ject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay
f ile c le r k s .

r e v is e d

occu p a tio n a l

t it le s

in tro d u ced

th is

year

to

e lim in a te

R e v is e d t it le

F o r m e r tit le

D r a fte r
D r a ft e r - t r a c e r
B o ile r ten d er

D ra fts m a n
D r a fts m a n - tr a c e r
F ir e m a n , s ta tio n a ry b o ile r

sex

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by sim ple (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aid s. A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a te r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c le r ic a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r i a l c la s s ific a tio n s y s te m (e .g ., alp h a b etica l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c le r ic a l and m anual tasks r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e f ile s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m akin g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis t in g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and quantities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e dep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M a y check w ith c r e d it dep artm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , ack n ow led ge re c e ip t o f o rd e rs fr o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to s ee that th e y h ave b een f i l l e d , k e e p file o f o rd e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA YR O LL
C om p u tes w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and en te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a sed on tim e o r production r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh ow in g in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w b rk in g d a ys, t im e ,
r a te , ded u ction s fo r in s u ra n c e , and to t a l w a g e s due. M ay m ake out p aych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m ak in g up and d is trib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a c a lcu la tin g m achine.
KEYPUNCH O PERATOR
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a rd s o r on tap e.
P o s it io n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

alph abetic and/or n u m e ric data on tabu lating

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r coding item s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a lso p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n der c lo s e s u p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd ized s o u rce docum ents w h ich h a ve b een cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
co d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b lem s a ris in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M ESSENGER

E x clu sio n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c te r is tic s .
p o sitio n s w h ich a re exc lu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

E x am p les of

a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t the "p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cep t d e s c rib e d above;

b.

S ten o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l typ e du ties;

c.
S ten o g ra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a ssista n ts

to

a grou p

of

p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a re e ith e r s u b sta n tia lly m o re
s ta n tia lly m o r e co m p le x and re s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r a c te r iz e d in the d efin itio n ;

or

routine o r sub­

e.
A s s is ta n t typ e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re s p o n sib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du ties w h ich a re not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e ta r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to those
o ffic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith re g a r d to m a jo r com pany
a c tiv itie s . T h e t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , do^s not in a ll ca ses
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e rs o n a lly on in d ivid u al
c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., a p p ro ve o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it actio n s; a d m in is te r in dividu al
tru s t accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p e rv is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be "c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r s " fo r
p u rp o ses o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p re s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm ent
o r su b s id ia ry o f a com pan y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p re s id e n t) o f a
com pan y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r l e v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te ­
w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u s tria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ea d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p eratin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E xclu d e
p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ific a n t duty.

4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u a l p lan t,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e ta r y to th e head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m iddle
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u al.
M aintains a c lo s e and h ig h ly
re s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - to - d a y w o rk o f the s u p e rv is o r.
W ork s f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g m a il, a n sw ers rou tine in q u ire s ,
and ro u tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

c a le n d a r and m ak es appointm ents as in stru cted ;

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s , and re p o r ts p re p a re d by oth e rs fo r the s u p e r­
sig n a tu re to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a ccu ra cy;
f.

P e r fo r m s

s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f co m p a ra b le natu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w led g e o f o ffic e rou tin e and understanding of the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .




fa c t o r y ,

e tc . (o r oth er eq u ivalen t

le v e l o f

G la s s C
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t to
one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w hose o rg a n iza tio n a l unit
n o rm a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d into o rg a n iza tio n a l segm ents
w h ich a re often , in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d ivid ed . In s o m e co m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l inclu des a w ide range of
o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o ; o r
2.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc. (o r oth er eq u ivalen t le v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o rg a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in istrative*
o f f ic e r , o r a s sista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M any com p a n ies assign s ten o g ra p h ers,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab o ve, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)

STENOGRAPHER

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r )

P r im a r y duty is t o ta k e d icta tio n using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M a y a ls o
typ e fr o m w r itte n cop y.
M a y o p e ra te f r o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s ee T r a n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e ra to r, G e n e ra l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es such as th e ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc . E xclu d ed f r o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o exc lu d e d
a re o p e r a to r s of e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o o p e ra te E A M equ ipm en t.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid en tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A. P e r fo r m s co m p le te r e p o rtin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l p a n el w irin g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and
c o m p le x re p o r ts w h ich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u ir in g s o m e planning o f the n atu re and
sequ en cin g o f o p era tio n s, and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g n ew
o p e r a to r s in m achine op era tion s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in
the o p e ra tin g sequences o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts *
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S ten o g ra p h er, G e n e r a l
D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

M a y m ain tain

file s ,

k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S ten o g ra p h er, S e n io r
D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
r e p o rts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m ain tain f il e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc.

or

OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic du ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in depen den ce and re s p o n s ib ility
than ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f sten o g ra p h ic
sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a th o ro u gh w o rk in g lu io w led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e ra tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U ses th is
k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
file s ; a ssem b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; co m p o sin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; re a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a te lep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a te b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m t o r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgoin g, and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s , k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a
telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o rk (typin g o r rou tin e
c le r ic a l w ork m a y occu py the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the sw itch b oard o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e ra to rs in esta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e ra to r a re exclu d ed . F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s ee S w itch b o a rd O p e r a to r R e cep tio n ist.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s itio n telep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — see S w itch ­
b o a rd O p e ra to r— and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's w o rk in v o lv e s such du ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d eterm in in g natu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u sin ess and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to
a p p ro p ria te p e rs o n in the o rg a n iz a tio n , o r con tactin g that p e rs o n b y telep h o n e and a rra n g in g an
appointm ent; k eep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s B. P e r fo r m s w o rk a cco rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e co m p le te but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x re p o r ts .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a c h in e s such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r, in addition to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed b y c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tr a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e ra tio n s .
C la s s C. U nder s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e t e r , r e p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e f ilin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G r M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m t r a n ­
s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w r itte n co p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W o r k e r s
tr a n s c r ib in g dictation in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as l e g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in shorthand o r by
S ten otype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r ite r to m ake co p ies o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s
have been m ad e b y another p erso n .
M a y in clu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r
use in du plicatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T y p in g m a te H a l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com bin in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e tc ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a t e r ia l; o r plan n in g la y o u t and
typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in sp a cin g. M a y ty p e rou tin e
fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C op y ty p in g fr o m rou gh o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r rou tin e typin g o f fo r m s , insu ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tio n s ; o r
cop yin g m o r e com p lex ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PUTER O PE R ATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s data c c c o rd in g to
o p era tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu d es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ctio n s to d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setup and o p e ra tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm ent w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm en t in to c ir c u it, and s ta rts and
o p e ra te s com p u ter; m ak es ad ju stm en ts to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
con d ition s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e during o p era tio n and d e te rm in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p ro b le m to
s u p e rv is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p ro g ra m .

C la s s B . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m ost o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p rod u ction
runs, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f n ew p ro g r a m s
r e q u ire d ; a ltern a te p ro g r a m s a re p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t iv e
a ction .
T h is usually in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g stan d ard
c o r r e c t io n techniqu es.
OR

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e ra to rs a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g ra m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p ro g r a m s a re fre q u e n tly te s te d and
in trodu ced; sch edu lin g re q u ire m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p ro g r a m s
a re o f co m p le x design so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rce often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w led g e o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ire c tio n and gu idan ce to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p e ra te s under d ir e c t su p e rv is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n ts o f p ro g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is tic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt task s assign ed , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p era tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C. W o rk s on rou tine p ro g ra m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w led ge o f the co m p u ter equipm ent used and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p ro g r a m s .

C o n v e rts sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p ro b le m s , ty p ic a lly p re p a re d by a s y s te m s a n a ly st, in to a
seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom a tic data p r o c e s s in g
equ ip m en t. W o rk in g f r o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d ev e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d ed la n gu a ge, cause th e m anipu lation o f data to a c h ieve
d e s ir e d re s u lts .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te r s , and p a rtic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze ch a rts
and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d evelo p s sequ en ce of p ro g r a m step s; w r it e s d e ta ile d
flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be p ro c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e c h a rts to co d ed in s tru c tio n s
fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p re p a r e s in stru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
du rin g p ro d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g r a m s to in c re a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to n ew re q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p ro g r a m d evelop m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
the s k ill u sed t o d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m anagem ent o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n cern ed w ith s c ie n t ific and/or
e n g in e e r in g p ro b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s es o f p ro g r a m m in g con cepts and p ra c tic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e re la tio n s h ip s b etw e e n v a r io u s s tep s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll ran ge
o f p r o g r a m m in g a ctio n s n e e d e d to e f f ic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
end p ro d u cts.
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equipm ent m u st be o r g a n iz e d to
p ro d u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te r n a l p ro c e s s in g actions m ust o ccu r. T h is re q u ir e s such action s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be re u s e d , esta b lish m en t o f lin k a g e poin ts b etw een
o p e r a tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data w hen p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u ter s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and
su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data ele m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c tio n a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p ro gra m m ers

who a re

s y s te m s an a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p lex p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll ph ases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e so u rces o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g ra te d p rodu ction schedu ling,
in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te follow u p actions a re in itia te d
b y the c o m p u te r .) C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p ro c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d sy s te m s o f data p ro c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M a k es re c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n eed ed , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r changes
and fo r obtaining equ ipm en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts who a re a ssign ed to a ssist.
C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n co m p lica ted to a n a ly z e , plan , p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity becau se
s o u rc e s o f input data a r e h om ogen eou s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le, d evelo p s
s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m ain ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry accounts in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o lesa le esta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p ro c e s s in g p ro b le m s and ad vises su b jectm a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be applied.
OR
W o rk s on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m , as d e s c rib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a ssig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in stru ctio n and guidance on co m p lex
a ssig n m en ts. W o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u nder im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a lyses as assign ed , usually
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d es ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c tic a l e x p e rie n c e in the
ap p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r ex a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst b y p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l an alyst.

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) usually p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
p ro d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d seq u en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r additions to o r d e letio n s fr o m input data w h ich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m ero u s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r
a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g o f data can b e te s te d by using a fe w rou tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e op era tion s.
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M a y gu id e o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and co n cep ts u su ally le a r n e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d esign ed to d e v e lo p com p eten ce in the a p p lic a tio n of
sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on new a sp ects o f a ssig n m en ts;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith re q u ire d p r o c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s t o fo r m u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r so lv in g th e m b y use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en ab le
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t- m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to b e au tom ated and id e n tifie s conditions and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and typ es o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and docum ents to b e used;
o u tlin es actio n s to be p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and com p u ters in s u fficien t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m a n a g em en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts );
c o o r d in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and re c o m m e n d s eq u ip m en t ch a n ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n alysts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed t o d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s an alysts p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .




F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h avin g d is tin c tiv e design fe a tu re s
that d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e support w ith the d esign
o r ig in a to r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d esig n ch an ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com pon en ts and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d b y design o r ig in a to r fo r co n sisten cy
w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ssig n m en ts that re q u ire the application
o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly used. D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu nctions, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l d ra w in gs fo r con stru ction o f a
bu ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n dation s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U ses a ccep ted
fo rm u la s and m anuals in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f m a te r ia ls to be
u sed, lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s tr e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tru c tio n s , re q u ire m e n ts , and
a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequacy.
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e rin g , con stru ction ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p ro je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im en sio n s in a cc u ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p osition in g o f com ponents
and co n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f so u rces and adjusts or
tra n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f ap p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p re c e d e n ts , and ad vice on
s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a ssig n m en ts. In s tru c tio n s a re le s s co m p le te when assign m en ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d by oth e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g clo th o r p a p er o v e r draw in gs
and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in clu d e tr a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily co n sistin g of
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e rv is e d

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a
com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g, r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
co n stru ctin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k re q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l ap p lica tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge o f e le c tr o n ic s
p rin c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm en t in r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g con d ition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i . e . , th ose
that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u als o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ip m en t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u its ; and ju dgm ent in d e te rm in in g w o r k s eq u en ce and in s e le c tin g t o o ls and te s tin g
in s tru m e n ts , usually le s s co m p le x than th o se u sed b y the c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d to , th e fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ipm en t (e . g . , r a d a r , ra d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , so n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te rs , and ( c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g equ ipm en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific co m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts . M a y p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a tio n ex c lu d e s r e p a irm e n o f such stan d ard e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m ach in es and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n se ts ; prod u ction a s s e m b le r s and te s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r ro u tin e ta sk s in w o rk in g
on e le c t r o n ic equipm ent, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g com pon en ts, w ir in g c ir c u its , and ta k in g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio sig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m ay be a c q u ire d through assign m en ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m
tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . A p p lie s advan ced te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e u nusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s ( i. e . ,
th ose that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
E x a m p les o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t en g in e e rin g
changes.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u nderstanding o f the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta sk s as m ak in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a ve fo r m s ,
tra c in g re la tio n s h ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts' (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m a y be re v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l
com p lia n ce w ith a c cep ted p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l te ch n icia n s.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n . W o rk
is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is giv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w w hen n ew o r a d van ced a ss ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is te r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n t o i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e rso n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r
o th e r esta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a te d ;
p re p a rin g acciderit r e p o rts fo r com pen sation o r o th e r p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h ea lth evalu ation s o f a pplican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ealth
ed u cation , accident p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th e r a c tiv it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h ealth ,
w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ead n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu ded.

M AINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r,
o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
checks w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm ent.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; clea n in g
w o rk in g a re a , m a ch in e, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h old in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p lyin g, liftin g ,
and h oldin g m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m achine o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a sis.

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n s tru c t and m ain tain in g ood r e p a ir bu ildin g
w ood w ork and equ ipm en t such as b in s , c r ib s , co u n te rs , b en ch es, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , flo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w o o d in an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and layin g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n te r 's han d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m akin g standard
shop com pu tations r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
acq u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu n ction s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
r e p a ir of equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equ ipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g
standard com pu tation s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m aintenance e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p era tio n o f s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the e sta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m a in ta in in g equ ipm en t such as
steam e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t,
stea m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m akin g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p era tio n
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m ption .
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in es ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exclu d ed .




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p era tin g one o r m o r e them one ty p e o f m a ch in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a ch in e, en gin e la th e, m illin g m a ch in e) to m a ch in e m e ta l f o r use in m ak in g o r m a in ta in in g jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , gau ges, o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ). W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m ach in in g op era tio n s w hich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u ra c y ; settin g
up m ach in e to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cu tting t o o ls and adjust g u id e s , s to p s, w o rk in g t a b le s , and o th e r
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m a ch in ed ; d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and
o p e ra tio n sequence o r s e le c t th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); usin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n to a c h ie v e
r e q u is ite dim en sion s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to re c o g n iz e when t o o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in th is c la s s ific a t io n re q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e k n ow ledge o f m a ch in e-sh o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c ro s s -in d u s tr y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , em p lo y e d in to o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops.

in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm en t o p era ted in an esta b lish m en t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : in te r p r e tin g w ritte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p e ra tin g s ta n d a rd m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop com pu tations re la tin g to dim en sion s o f w o r k , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t’ s w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u rfa c e p e c u lia r itie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t ap p lica tion s;
p re p a rin g s u rfa c e f o r p ain tin g b y re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h oles and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a pplyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r brush. M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and oth er
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m aintenance
p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tive equipm ent to d iagn ose sou rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g broken o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the va rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h ten in g body
b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n
r e p a ir shops.

d oes not in clu d e m ech a n ics who r e p a ir c u s to m e rs ' v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p ositio n o f
pip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths
w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th rea d in g pipe w ith stocks and
d ie s ; bending pip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pipe w ith cou plin gs and
fa sten in g pip e to h a n g e rs ; m akin g stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pip e r e q u ir e d ; and m akin g stan d ard t e s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fit t e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g san itation o r h eatin g s y s te m s a r e e x clu d ed .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o f an esta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn ose sou rce o f tro u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an dtools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; re p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith item s obtained fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g
the p ro d u ctio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r re p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh ops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r
o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce m ech a n ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
u su ally a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m a ch in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy
eq u ip m en t when ch an ges in the plant la you t a re re q u ire d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
h an dtools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com putations re la tin g to s tr e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g standard t o o ls , equ ip m en t, and
p a rts to be u sed; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equ ipm en t such as
d r iv e s and s p eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equ ipm ent and fix tu re s (such
as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, ducts, m e ta l ro o fin g )
o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f sh eetm e ta l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p era tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cu ttin g, bending,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s as re q u ire d . In g e n e ra l,
the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cu tting to o ls , g a u g es, o r m e ta l d ies o r m old s used in
shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r
n o n -m e ta llic m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r ,
ru b b er, g la s s ).
W o rk
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o rk a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, o r oth er
w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u nderstanding th e w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te task; m aking n e c e s s a r y
shop com pu tation ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ipm en t; using v a rio u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, to o l
and die m a k e r 's w o rk
re q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally acq u ired throu gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu d e to o l and die
m a k e rs who (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ies (d ie s in k e rs ).

CUSTO DIAL AND MATERIAL M O VEM EN T
G UARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gatem en who a re stationed at gate and ch eck on
id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g p la n t, s to r e , o r o th er esta b lish m en t w hose
du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a rio u s m a te r ia ls and m erch a n d ise
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p lacin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o re m e n , who lo a d and unload ships a re ex clu d ed .

W a tch m a n .
and i l l e g a l en try .

M a k es

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty a gain st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w o rk in g a rea s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er esta b lish m en t. Duties in v o lv e a com b in a tion of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g , m op p in g o r sc ru b b in g , and p olish in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th er
r e fu s e ; dusting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m e ta l fix tu re s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
s u p p lies and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w ers, and r e s tr o o m s . W o r k e r s
w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in d ow w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O RDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d goods fr o m s to re d m e rc h a n d is e in accord a n ce
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y, in addition to
f illin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
ad d ition a l stock o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d duties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts fo r shipm ent o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in shipping c o n ta in ers,,
the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and num ber of units to be
p a ck ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f shipm ent. W o rk re q u ir e s the p la cin g o f item d
in shipping c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f v a rio u s ite m s o f

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a ge; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and a pplyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on co n ta in e r. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ak e
wooden b o x es o r c r a te s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r m en b etw een v a r io u s ty p es o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as: M an u factu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s '
houses or p la c e s o f b u sin ess.
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k w ith o r w ithou t h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m ech a n ica l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in g ood w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and o v e r - t h e - r o a d
d r iv e r s a re ex clu d ed .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (com b in ation o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, o th e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S hipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n o w led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the goods
shipped, m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p ostin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k e ep in g a f ile o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e rc h a n d is e f o r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s o f sh ipm en ts a ga in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g d am a ged g o o d s ; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e or
m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm en ts; and m ain ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and ty p e o f eq u ip m en t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

goods

O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tro lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a te r ia ls of a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u rp o ses,

w ork ers

a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ire c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g du ties w h ich re q u ir e an u n derstan din g of
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) against re c e iv in g docum ents, n otin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob viou s d a m a ges;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle tiz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a cc o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s to r e d m a te r ia ls ;
ex a m in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and d a m a ge; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M a y op e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a re h o u s in g du ties.
E xclu de w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o r k (s e e sh ippin g and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r).

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lle tin su pplem ents is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f
S tan d ard s A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch a sed
ob ta in ed w ithou t c o s t, w h e r e in d ic a te d , f r o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e *

F ree
A k ro n , O h io , D ec. 1974----------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------- Suppl.
A lb a n y— ch en ecta d y—T r o y , N . Y ., S e p t. 1974------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
S
F ree
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1974 2__________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _____ —-------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
A n a h eim — anta Ana— a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif . , O ct. 1974 1
S
G
____________________________________ 1850-9, 85 cents
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-25, $1 .0 0
A u stin , T e x . , D ec. 1974-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1974--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B e a u m o n t- P o r t A r th u r ^ O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2 _______________________________________Suppl.
F ree
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1974 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-6, 75 cen ts
B in gh a m to n , N . Y . - P a . , J u ly 1974---------------------- r---------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
B o is e C it y , Idaho, N o v . 1973 2 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g. 1974-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1974_______________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B u rlin g to n , V t ., D ec. 1973 2 __________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
C a n ton , O h io, M a y 1975-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
C h a r le s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 __________________ _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1974------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975_______________________________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cen ts
C in c in n a ti, O h io - K y .— d ., F e b . 1975_______________________________________________________ Suppl.
In
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ept. 1974 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-17, $ 1 .0 0
F ree
C o lu m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1974--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 4 *___________________________________________________________ 1850-3, 75 cents
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 _____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1974________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D a ven p o rt—R ock Is la n d —M o lin e , Iow a—111.,F e b . 1975------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
D ayton , O h io, D ec. 1974 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1850-14, 80 cents
D aytona B e a c h , F la . , Aug. 1974 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-1, 75 cen ts
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1973 2___________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D envc r - B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1974 1________________________________________________________ 1850-15, 85 cen ts
Des M o in e s , Iow a , M a y 1974 2 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-22, 85 cen ts
D u rh am , N .C ., D ec. 1973 2___________________________________________ _________________ _______ 1795-9, 65 cen ts
B
—
F o r t L a u d c rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h — oca R a to n , F la . , A p r . 1975 1 1850-26, 80 cen ts
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1973 2________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a lif. 1 3________________________________________________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1974 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1850-11, 75 cen ts
G re e n B a y , W is ., Ju ly 1974------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t , N .C ., A u g. 1974 1
H
------------------------------------- 1850-2, 80 cents
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1974__________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
H a r t fo r d , Conn. , M a r . 1975 1____________________________________ ___________________________ 1850-28, 80 cen ts
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r. 1975______________________________ _____ _______ __________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975---------------------------------- ----- --------------------------------------------- Suppl.
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1974_________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
J a ck so n , M is s ., F e b . 1975 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D ec. 1974________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
K a n sa s C it y , M o .—K a n s ., S ept. 1974________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 19 7 4 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
L it t le R o ck —N o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k ., Ju ly 1973 2 _________________________________________ Suppl.
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif . , O ct. 1974_______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en
G
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1973 2 ___________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— d ., N o v . 1974 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-12, 80 cen ts
In
L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1973 2 ____________-__________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g. 1974 1------------------------------------------------------ 1850-5, 75 cen ts
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffic e and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




a r e a w a g e stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d stu d ies con du cted at the req u est o f the E m p lo ym en t
fr o m any of the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin su pplem en ts m ay be

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e *

M e m p h is , T e n n - A r k . — is s . , N o v. 1974___________________________________________________Suppl.
M
F ree
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 1974________________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1974 2 ——------- —----------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1975 1
------------------------ —------------------------------------------------------- 1850-21, 85 cents
St. P a u l, M in n .— is ., Jan. 1975 1-------------------------------------------------------- 1850-20, $ 1.05
W
M in n e a p o lis —
M u skegon —M u sk egon H e ig h ts , M ic h ., June 19742 --------------—-----------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
N assa u — u ffo lk , N .Y . 1 3_______________________________________________________________________
S
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1850-18, $ 1.00
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . . Jan. 1974 2 ---------------------------------------------- —------------ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H a ven , C on n ., Jan. 1974 --------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------Suppl.
F ree
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N .J . 1 3_______________________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k and N assau — u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2---------------------- —--------------------------- Suppl.
S
F ree
V
P
N o r fo lk — ir g in ia B e a c h — o r ts m o u th , V a . - N . C . , M a y 1975------------------------------------- 1850-29, 65 cents
N o r fo lk — ir g in ia B e a c h — o rts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
V
P
H am pton , V a . , M a y 1975 _____________ - __________________________________ __________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , Aug. 1974 1----------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-8, 80 cents
O k lah om a C it y , O k la ., Aug. 1974 1--------------—------------------------- -------------------------------- 1850-7,
80 cents
O m ah a, N e b r .—Io w a , O ct. 1974 1------------ ----------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-10, 80 cents
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1974------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1974__________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P h o e n ix , A r i z ., June 1974 2_____________________________________________ —------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1975---------------------------------------- ---------------------- —---------------------Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N o v . 1974__________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1974 1 ---- -------------------------------------------------------------------- 1795-26, 85 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3_________________________________________________ —--------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in gsto n —N ew b u rgh , N . Y ., June 1974----------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—M a s s ., June 1975----------------------------------------- 1850-27, 75 cents
W
R a le ig h , N .C ., D ec. 1973 1 2 _________________________________________________________________ 1795-7, 65 cents
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C ., F e b . 1975--------—------------------------------- -------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
R ich m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1974 1 ----------------- ---------—-------------------------- --------------------------- 1795-25, 80 cents
San B e r n a r d in o — n ta rio , C a lif., D ec. 1973 2 ------------------------------------------Suppl.
O
F ree
R iv e r sid e—
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 19742 ----------- -------------------------------------------------------—----------------- Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r . 1975__________ __ __________________________ — ----- — ----------------Suppl.
F ree
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 1974 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850- 19, 80 cen ts
S agin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 1974 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-16, 75 cents
S a lt L a k e CLty— g d e n , U ta h , N o v . 1974------------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
O
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1974 1______ ________________________________ -________________________ 1850-13, 80 cents
O
San F r a n c is c o — aklan d, C a lif., M a r . 1975 1 ----------------------------------------------------------- 1850-35, $1.00
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
S cra n to n , P a . , Ju ly 1973 1 2__________________________________________________________________ 1795^3, 55 cents
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1975_____________________________ _____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Siou x F a lls , S. D a k ., D ec. 1973 2 ___________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
S pokane, W a s h ., June 19 74 2_________________________________________________________________.S u p p l.
F ree
S y ra c u s e , N . Y . , Ju ly 1974 1___________________________________________________________________ 1850-4, 80 cents
T a m p a ^ S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F la . . A ug. 1973 2__________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1975 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-34, 80 cents
T ren t on, N .J ., Sept. 1974_________________________________________ ____ _______________________ Suppl.
F re e
W a sh in gto n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 1975 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-31, $1.00
W a te r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v . 1973 1 2 ________________________________________________________________ 1795-5, 60 cents
W e s tc h e s te r C ounty, N .Y 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975---------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1-------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------- 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1975 1________________________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io, N o v. 1973 2 ____________________________________________________Suppl.
W
F ree

T H IR D CLASS M A IL

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I

Region II

1603 J F K Federal Building
G overnm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 0 2203
Phone: 2 23-6 76 1 (A rea Code 6 1 7 )

S u ite 34 00
15 1 5 B roadw ay
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A rea Code 21 2 )

C o nnecticut
M aine
Massachusetts
N ew Ham pshire
Rhode Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
Puerto Rico
V irg in Islands

Region V
9 th Floor, 2 30 S. D e arborn St.
Chicago, III. 606 04
Phone: 3 53-1 880 (A rea Code 3 1 2)
Illino is
In diana
M ichigan
M innesota
O hio
Wisconsin




Region V I

Region I II

Region IV

P.O. Box 13 309
Ph iladelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 5 9 6 1 154 (A rea C ode 2 1 5 )
D elaw are
D istrict o f C o lum bia
M aryla n d
Pennsylvania
V irg in ia
West V irg in ia

Regions V I I ana V I I I

Second Flo o r
5 5 5 G riffin Square B uilding
Dallas, T e x . 752 02
Phone: 7 49-351 6 (A re a Code 2 1 4 )

Federal O ffic e B uilding
911 W aln u t St., 15 th F loor
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A rea Code 8 1 6 )

Louisiana
le w M exico
O klah o m a
T exas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

V III
C o lorad o
M o ntana
N o rth Dakota
South D a kota
U tah
W yom ing

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h o n e :5 2 6-541 8 (A rea Code 404 )

A

Alabam a
F lorid a
Georgia
K e n tu c k y
Mississippi
N o rth Carolina
South Carolina
T ennessee
Regions IX and X
45 0 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 3 6017
San Francisco, C alif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A rea Code 4 1 5 )
IX
A rizona
C a lifo rn ia
H aw aii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
W ashington

faJ

"

*