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‘SO |0-|t>  Area Wage Survey  San Francisco—Oakland, California, Metropolitan Area March 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-13   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Marin  Contra Costa  San Francisco  Oakland  San Francisco Alameda San Mateo  _ M ssouw “T*TE SOUT  • .. -.f-Af-V.'  U.S. DSFO-n  •  JUL 2 7 1581  Preface This bulletin provides results of a March 1981 survey of occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in San Francisco, Calif., under the general direction of Susan Holland, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note: Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provi­ sions in the San Francisco-Oakland area are available for the moving and storage (March 1981), refuse hauling (March 1981), and savings and loan associations (February 1980) industries. A report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the city of San Francisco is available for municipal government workers. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Of­ fice, Washington, D C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $3.00, Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Survey  San Francisco—Oakland, California, Metropolitan Area March 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner June 1981 Bulletin 3010-13   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Page  Introduction.........................................................................  Page  2  Tables—Continued  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers...................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers ........................................... A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex............................................................... A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................... A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers........................................... A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.............................................................. A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupation groups...................... A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired off ice clerical occupations................... A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations.................................................... A-10. Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ................................ A-11. Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations....................................................  A-14. A-15. 3 A-16. 6  A-17. 8  <  Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex . Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................ Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers .................................. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................................................  18 19  20  21  9 10  11 12 12  13  13  14  Earnings in establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers................... 15 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers........................................... 17  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions: B- 1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks.......................................... B- 2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers.......................................................... B- 3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full­ time first-shift workers.................................. B- 4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .... B- 5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers........................................................... B- 6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers............................................ B- 7. Health plan participation for full-time workers...........................................................  22  23 24 21 25 29 30  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey.................................... 32 B. Occupational descriptions........................................ 38 C. Job conversion table................................................. 50  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.  A-series tables Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g. accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  B-series tables The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks; late-shift pay provisions and practices for production and related workers in manufacturing; and data separately for production and related workers and office workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plan provisions; and health plan participation.  Appendixes Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) ot  Occupation and industry division Mean8  Median8  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  Middle range8 140  Secretaries...................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  7,259 1,150 6,109 745  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.5  296.00 304.00 294.50 379.50  285.00 296.50 282.00 387.50  253.50268.00253.00341.50-  322.00 324.00 322.00 422.00  Secretaries I................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  641 204 437 74  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  257.50 267.00 253.00 349.50  249.00 256.00 239.50 345.50  230.00246.00223.00295.50-  270.50 273.00 270.50 400.00  Secretaries II................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,643 211 1,432 57  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  262.50 270.00 261.50 329.50  253.00 244.50264.50 241.50253.00 244.50351.50 267.00-  Secretaries III............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,871 238 2,633 367  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.5  295.00 322.50 292.50 378.00  283.00 321.50 279.50 387.50  Secretaries IV.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,678 415 1,263 239  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  329.50 313.50 334.50 398.50  Secretaries V............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  392 77 315  39.5 39.5 39.5  Stenographers................................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  259 234 156  Stenographers I........................... Nonmanufacturing......................  _ -  57  32 2 30 7  239 8 231 7  425 53 372 6  1314 160 1154 11  1260 190 1070 17  1237 209 1028 47  760 178 582 44  _ -  _ -  27  17 2 15  72 6 66  129 16 113  161 85 76  -  -  -  -  52 23 29 26  3  -  113 58 55 1  13  27  _ 13 4  3 3  282.00 287.50 280.50 399.00  _ -  _ -  30  7  30  7 7  104 2 102 7  169 36 133  578 61 517 -  .242 41 201 7  117 10 107 1  8 2 6  -  332 49 283 3  259.00292.50255.50345.00-  316.50 350.00 310.50 418.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  8  62  8  62 -  123 1 122 6  545 2 543 11  608 23 585 13  538 47 491 9  316.50 307.00 320.00 400.50  290.00284.00291.00376.00-  350.50 322.00 361.50 422.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1  4  1  4  29 12 17  205 60 145  “  -  362.50 383.50 357.00  345.00 352.00 337.00  322.00- 383.50 345.00- 456.50 322.00- 383.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ "  _ -  1  2  1  40.0 40.0 40.0  328.00 325.00 379.00  363.00 363.00 387.00  257.50- 395.00 253.00- 395.00 363.00- 399.00  _ -  _ -  18 18  18 18  9 9  27 27  -  -  _ -  96 79  -  40.0 40.0  258.50 233.50  249.50 224.50  186.50- 318.00 186.50- 282.00  _ -  _ "  18 18  18 18  _  -  9 9  Stenographers II.......................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  163 155 134  40.0 40.0 40.0  368.50 371.50 390.00  387.00 387.00 395.00  363.00- 395.00 363.00- 399.00 373.00- 399.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  Typists............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,510 270 1,240 149  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.5  229.00 234.00 228.00 344.50  209.50 221.00 207.50 353.50  190.00200.00188.00305.50-  264.50 279.00 256.50 387.00  _ -  20 20  130 3 127  425 59 366  -  -  -  306 70 236 2  Typists I....................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  1,018 854  39.0 39.0  209.00 209.00  198.00 195.50  186.00- 214.00 184.00- 214.00  _ -  20 20  129 126  399 340  Typists II....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  468 106 362 65  39.0 38.5 39.0 39.5  271.00 273.00 270.00 364.00  269.00 279.00 267.50 387.00  240.00258.00230.00305.50-  280.50 280.50 276.00 440.50  _ -  _ -  1  26  1  File clerks........................................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,286 2,258 110  38.0 38.0 40.0  195.50 195.00 341.00  180.50 178.50 336.00  161.00- 218.50 161.00- 218.50 318.50- 382.50  52 52  File clerks I................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  339 328  39.0 39.0  184.00 184.00  160.00 160.00  147.50- 177.00 144.00- 177.00  366 76 290 72  226 51 175 75  168 42 126 74  12  3  12 12  -  3 3  35 14 21 21  10  15  8  -  10 4  15 7  8 8  307 42 265 29  246 52 194 19  96 26 70 36  108 37 71 42  99 6 93 86  33  387 95 292 5  277 117 160 10  245 61 184 15  164 25 139 20  75 6 67 26  2  18 3 15  46 9 37  110 5 105  60 25 35  -  10 9 3  13 11 11  17 10 10  1 1 1  6 6  8 7  12 11  4 4  21 21  1  -  2 2 2  _ -  13 6 6  146 24 122 7  94 25 69 9  180 27 153 7  66 58 8 8  35  256 188  105 83  26 25  11 11  26  48 2 46  -  -  -  39 2 37 5  60 24 36 1  795 791 2  364 357  254 253  234 233  -  295 295 4  -  -  -  52 52  101 101  103 99  23 16  _  12 12  57 -  -  '  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  612 120 492 37  231 16 215 139  _ -  _  3  _  143 20 123 80  112 7 105 102  22 9 13 12  -  4 4  1  7  4  1 1  7 7  4 4  64  33 25  33 1 32 28  76 7 69 42  59 11 48 27  80 17 63 51  23 6 17  45 3 42  25 2 23  4 4 4  39 36 36  73 61 61  4 4 4  1 1  3 3  5 2  12 -  _ -  1 1 1  34 34 34  61 61 61  4 4 4  14  24  2  22  _ 14 14  24 24  21 2 19 19  2  _ 35 14  23 2 21 21  2 2  2 2  10 1  1 1  16 14  14 14  20 20  9 9  -  165 27 138 2  52 49 3 3  34  3  4  2  _ 34 13  _ 3 3  _ _ -  4 4  12 2 10 10  2 2  2 2  122 116  60 55  -  -  7 4 4  22 22 22  24 24 24  14 14 14  11 11 11  17 16 16  10 10 10  4 4  10 10  16 16  6 6  11 11  1 1  -  _  _  -  -  4 1 3 2  11 1 10 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  -  11 10 1 1  40 7 33 11  1 1  64 63  -  -  -  -  34  4  3  10  34 32  4 4  25 1 24 3  2 2  10 2  29 2 27  7 7  10 9 1  14 5 9  1  1 1  5 5 5  21 21 21  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5 5  21 21 21  -  -  -  -  22 20  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  2  20 20 20  -  -  -  -  4 4 2  1 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median’  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  135 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  File clerks II.................................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,838 1,831 55  38.0 38.0 39.5  194.50 194.00 335.50  182.00 181.00 345.00  167.00- 215.50 167.00- 215.50 318.50- 383.00  _  -  194 194 4  692 692 2  337 337 -  -  -  -  -  File clerks III................................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  109 99  38.0 38.0  252.50 250.50  241.50 241.50  241.50- 244.50 235.50- 241.50  _  _  _  62 60  11 6  .  -  15 15  .  -  7 7  3  -  4 4  -  -  -  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,106 77 1,029 48  38.0 39.0 38.0 39.5  212.50 195.00 214.00 315.50  215.50 192.50 215.50 298.50  173.00173.00173.00278.50-  239.00 201.00 239.00 390.50  2  19  _  3  34  19 4  175 35 140  387  -  -  -  _ 3 3  _ 34 13  26 2 24  -  142 19 123 2  387  2  296 21 275 4  4 _ 4 4  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  812 67 745 29  38.5 39.5 38.5 40.0  225.50 243.50 223.50 376.50  219.50 221.00 219.50 383.00  199.50211.50199.00362.00-  235.50 256.50 233.00 383.00  _  31  55  31  55  176 28 148  199 10 189  88 9 79  13 8 5  42 3 39  26  -  150 4 146  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  _ 26 2 •  -  Switchboard operatorreceptionists................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,032 187 845 52  38.5 39.0 38.5 38.0  222.00 236.00 219.00 288.00  211.50 219.00 206.50 261.00  200.00213.00195.50175.00-  233.00 253.00 228.50 428.50  -  -  27 7 20 14  221 11 210 7  438 83 355  121 16 105  95 32 63  -  -  -  21 7 14  -  70 18 52 12 •  -  19 10 9 4  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,148 232 916  39.5 39.5 39.5  282.50 288.50 281.00  257.00 257.00 253.00  234.50- 316.50 236.50- 316.50 231.00- 319.50  _  _  _  3  -  -  -  3  147 36 111  256 32 224  201 57 144  149 10 139  9 9  125 40 85  Order clerks I............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  626 152 474  39.0 39.0 38.5  259.50 261.00 259.00  250.00 256.00 234.50  224.50- 279.00 224.50- 287.50 224.50- 279.00  _  _  _  3  -  -  -  3  147 36 111  145 5 140  89 57 32  86 10 76  9 9  Order clerks II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  522 80 442  40.0 39.5 40.0  310.00 340.50 304.50  270.50 316.50 270.50  241.50- 345.00 236.50- 437.50 241.50- 345.00  _  _  _  _  _  112  63  _  -  -  -  -  -  111 27 84  112  63  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  6,261 1,252 5,009 878  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  269.00 262.00 270.50 355.00  253.00 241.50 255.50 377.50  220.00222.50220.00271.50-  295.50 290.00 295.50 440.50  _  9  139  -  9  139  -  -  511 142 369 42  870 151 719 47  946 305 641 84  1011 184 827 28  Accounting clerks I...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  744 106 638  39.5 39.5 39.5  241.50 210.00 247.00  225.00 207.50 235.00  197.50- 262.00 190.50- 226.50 198.50- 268.00  _  _  31  -  -  31  176 47 129  112 19 93  110 36 74  Accounting clerks II...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,755 553 2,202 394  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  249.00 243.00 250.50 325.00  235.00 228.00 237.00 320.50  209.50214.00207.50230.50-  261.00 251.00 263.00 440.50  _  9  69  -  9  69  -  -  265 94 171 21  648 97 551 47  Accounting clerks III..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,714 378 1,336 270  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.5  284.00 268.50 288.50 381.50  266.00 262.50 270.50 382.00  233.50239.00233.50338.50-  313.00 287.50 335.00 427.50  _  _  39  -  -  39  70 1 69  102 27 75  -  -  -  Accounting clerks IV.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,001 168 833 78  39.5 38.5 39.5 40.0  318.50 348.50 312.50 465.50  294.00 351.00 287.50 487.00  265.00321.00264.50438.50-  355.00 368.00 345.00 491.50  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  247 246  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  4  207 206  60 56  49 49  .  _ -  12 12 12  8 8 8  8 8 6 . 2  _  -  -  16 15 15  6 6 6  2 2  -  4 4  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  _ 2 2  4 _ 4 4  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  .  .  10  15  _  _  _  _  _  _  15 15  _  -  _ 10 10  5 5  -  -  _  _  _  _  3 3  _ _  _ -  _  _  _  2  -  -  -  4 4  57 9 48  48 7 41  23 2 21  22 1 21  21  36 9 27  5 5  21  18 14 4  67 25 42  48 3 45  7 7  _  21  .  4  -  _ 21  _  _  _  _  -  4  -  -  9 6 3  41 41  23 2 21  1 1  21  -  58 15 43  -  36 9 27  5 5  -  _ 21  14 14  28 1 27  832 110 722 22  507 82 425 11  256 52 204 36  267 34 233 115  138 62 76 15  130 40 90 58  177 26 151 103  123 31 92 37  86 22 64 46  177 8 169 155  28 3 25 25  44  156  9  24  6  32  40  _  _  _  _  44  156  9  24  4 4 -  6  32  40  "  _  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  536 187 349 76  520 74 446 16  193 25 168 18  191 21 170 1  32  77  5  2 2 2  7 3 4 4  .  5 5  63 31 32 32  15  77 55  24 21 3 3  99  32 -  99 99  15 15  _  _  _  _  _ _  -  -  -  263 70 193 7  299 84 215 12  266 77 189  144 53 91 “  126 31 95 12  121 7 114 60  7 7  54 9 45 24  60  33  .  33 5  67 1 66 56  8  60 60  55 11 44 26  _  -  25 25 1  130 8 122  211 2 , 209 -  160 5 155 1  74 21 53  65 23 42  42 31 11  53 5 48  27 27  -  -  -  -  24 8 16 16  11 7 4  -  120 55 65 4  5 3 2 ‘2  -  -  -  -  -  12  _  12 12  _ -  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  4  2  11  _  _ _ _  _ _ _  _  _  -  -  -  28 1 27  _  -  2  -  -  _  11 11  -  8 8  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  _ _  _  -  -  54 _  54 54  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  54 _  54 54  _ _ _  _ _  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand-  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  135 and under 140  140  160  160  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  281.00 279.50 281.50 368.00  265.00 276.00 260.00 382.00  240.00246.00240.00318.50-  303.50 311.50 303.50 475.50  _  _  -  -  Cey entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,825 362 2,463 621  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  272.50 261.00 274.00 357.00  253.00 249.50 253.50 367.00  226.50224.00227.00309.00-  303.50 291.00 308.00 392.00  _  _  -  -  Key entry operators I................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,521 248 1,273 267  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  257.00 240.00 260.50 357.00  238.00 241.50 238.00 387.00  218.00218.50216.50318.00-  276.00 259.00 284.50 392.00  _ -  -  Key entry operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Non manufacturing......................  1,304 114 1,190 354  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  290.00 307.00 288.50 357.00  270.00 248.00- 322.00 306.00 267.50- 330.50 269.00 243.00- 322.00 367.00 309.00- 399.00  -  -  -  220  240 260  240  280  260 280  61  -  -  5  33 33  ■  ■  -  26  4  54 54  39 3 36 10  26 26  4 4  -  “  10  -  26  14  -  -  -  122 122  10 10  -  26  14 14  -  -  -  ~  -  39 10 29 29  8  54  12  4  8 8  54 54  12 12  4 4  ~  ~  8 8  27 27  33 2 31 3  77 1 76 76  117 21 96 47  8  33  17 11  122  122 28 94 55  -  17  27  101 16 85 17  282 10 272 21  380  600  8  187 17 170 17  186 6 180 1  560  560  18 18  10 2 8 8  61  520  520  54  55 15 40 40  8  480  480  18  89 16 73 8  -  -  112  460  460  161 10 151 151  106 22 84 9  -  112  440  440  -  41 2 39 11  245 76 169 7  40 15 25  420  104 1 103 103  “  127 23 104 55  372 33 339 7  -  400 420  3 3  177 43 134 95  285 69 216 7  -  120  380 400  ”  -  293 39 254 26  346 69 277 7  127 49 78  360  24 12 12 12  190 32 158 25  -  527 86 441 28  120  360 19 3 16  "  40 15 25  -  340  340  71 12 59 4  558 39 519 8  153 10 143  320  320  90 11 79 12  148 53 95  48 22 26 7  300  300  198 25 173 2  28 14 14 14  10 10  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  220  200  200  180  1,000 247 753 95  ’ayroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  180  31 23 8  -  -  “ 13 3 10 10  ~  ■  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981  Occupation and industry division  workers  Average wflofclu ■'m* (stand-  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle, range1  and 180  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  800  Computer systems analysts (business).................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities....  2,352 465 1,887 259  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  495.00 536.00 485.00 517.50  493.50 537.50 483.00 509.00  434.50474.00426.50461.00-  550.50 598.50 538.50 563.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) I............................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  474 412  39.0 39.5  401.50 390.00  390.50 386.00  360.50- 424.00 358.50- 416.50  -  -  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,054 231 823 120  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  477.00 499.00 471.00 472.00  479.50 489.50 475.00 467.50  441.50441.50442.00436.00-  506.00 548.00 501.50 503.50  -  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) III............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  824 172 652 129  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  572.00 605.50 563.00 562.00  566.50 580.00 560.50 551.00  530.00540.50523.50512.50-  604.00 664.50 597.00 595.00  "  -  -  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  896 215 681 205  39.5 39.0 39.5 40.0  380.50 412.50 370.50 421.50  362.50 407.00 346.00 383.00  322.00354.50316.50346.00-  439.00 459.50 405.00 494.50  _ ' -  _ -  Computer programmers (business) I............................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  374 318  39.5 39.5  321.50 316.50  321.50 317.00  298.00- 334.00 293.50- 334.00  -  Computer programmers (business) II.............................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  349 228 82  39.0 39.5 40.0  389.00 370.50 394.50  369.00 368.00 380.50  350.00- 431.50 342.00- 383.00 369.00- 421.50  Computer programmers (business) III............................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  173 135  39.0 39.0  492.00 497.50  480.00 499.50  Computer operators........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,189 154 1,035 233  39.5 39.0 39.5 40.0  315.50 308.00 316.50 367.50  Computer operators I................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  216 200  39.5 39.5  Computer operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  741 111 630 134  Computer operators III................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Peripheral equipment operators...... Nonmanufacturing.....................  -  20  -  202 29 173 1  286 26 260 35  379 54 325 45  471 75 396 77  346 89 257 34  256 66 190 37  133 47 86 13  83 30 53 8  -  31 28  62 60  154 139  127 126  31 28  ' 15 5  19 6  14  1  _  _  -  -  -  -  26 6 20  3 1 2  -  -  48 14 34 1  145 25 120 33  315 49 266 37  343 56 287 35  102 25 77 8  32 17 15 4  30 29 1 1  10 9 1 1  _ _ -  -  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  14 _ 14 2  33 2 31 2  113 9 104 42  225 51 174 22  210 35 175 33  102 17 85 12  73 21 52 7  35 20 15 8  12 11 1 1  _ -  _ -  7  60  -  -  -  148 16 132 42  75 23 52 10  165 29 136 57  78 42 36 18  103 49 54 18  60 26 34 8  30 3 27 23  12 1 11 11  9 3 6 6  3 1 2 2  3 1 2 2  1  60  111 19 92  7 7  _ 1 1  _ _ -  -  -  -  7 7  31 29  60 60  84 69  117 101  25 23  38 25  8 4  -  4  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  27 23  50 29 7  118 103 36  52 30 15  56 14 14  17 2 2  2  -  27 27 8  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  442.00- 531.50 442.50- 537.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  4 4  -  9 8  18 2  47 40  39 32  28 27  12 11  9 6  3 2  3 2  1 1  _ -  306.50 293.50 311.00 345.00  276.00284.50276.00338.00-  _ -  2 2  47 8 39 4  123 6 117 3  123 20 103 3  205 65 140 3  174 25 149 25  137 4 133 66  161 7 154 34  109  2 2  36 3 33 33  1 1  2 2  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  .  109 35  43 10 33 22  2  -  24 3 21 3  _ _ _ -  _ _ -  276.00 276.00  267.50 266.50  242.50- 316.00 240.00- 316.50  _  2 2  18 18  25 24  42 40  37 35  23 12  23 23  46 46  _  _  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  .  _  .  .  -  _ -  _  -  -  -  -  -  39.0 39.0 39.5 39.5  315.00 303.50 317.00 372.50  302.50 293.50 306.50 360.00  277.00266.50280.00329.50-  346.00 319.00 346.00 430.00  _ -  _ -  6 3 3 2  22 7 15 2  79 4 75 2  82 16 64 2  161 39 122 2  121 25 96 19  43 4 39 14  116  60  21 3 18 18  1 1  _  _  _  _  _  _  60 27  27 7 20 20  2  116 24  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  232 205  39.5 40.0  354.50 355.00  345.00 345.00  320.00- 372.00 322.00- 372.00  _ -  _ -  _  _  4 4  21 6  30 30  48 48  45 38  49 49  16 13  2  _  _  _  _  -  15 15  _  -  2 2  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  289 289  40.0 40.0  280.50 280.50  246.00 246.00  229.00- 318.00 229.00- 318.00  _  10 10  37 37  83 83  47 47  26 26  9 9  5 5  1 1  4 4  38 38  8 8  18 18  3 3  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  346.00 319.00 346.00 399.00  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6  20  57 9 48  65 3 62  -  -  -  20 20  -  31 2 29  -  2 2  -  -  35 20 15 8  12 11 1 1  7 6 1  -  -  -  _  _ _ _  _  _ _ -  -  _ 7 6 1 -  _  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of — Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  170 and under 180  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  800  Computer data librarians................. Nonmanufacturing......................  62 56  39.0 38.5  280.50 283.00  306.00 306.00  242.50- 311.00 267.50- 311.50  1 1  1 1  5 4  7 6  3 2  2 1  11 10  29 28  3 3  Drafters............................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,820 544 1,276  40.0 39.5 40.0  385.00 357.50 397.00  379.50 333.50 396.00  314.00- 458.00 300.00- 423.00 326.00- 464.00  _  -  28 1 27  41 12 29  15 4 11  66 27 39  82 51 31  110 39 71  143 77 66  160 67 93  112 44 68  307 61 246  185 48 137  Drafters II..................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  146 101  40.0 40.0  260.50 252.00  252.50 246.00  219.00- 271.50 218.50- 271.50  _ -  8 7  36 24  15 11  19 19  39 20  6 6  6 6  2 2  6 6  _  9  Drafters III.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  684 240 444  40.0 39.5 40.0  333.50 310.50 346.00  322.50 306.50 351.00  299.00- 376.00 285.00- 322.50 314.00- 379.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ "  42 25 17  43 32 11  92 29 63  108 65 43  136 57 79  44 8 36  156 11 145  Drafters IV.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  594 125 469  40.0 40.0 40.0  418.50 360.00 434.00  429.50 359.00 453.50  368.50- 464.00 347.00- 366.50 398.00- 464.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  9 9  25 10 15  15 10 5  62 36 26  Drafters V..................................... Manufacturing............................  360 131  40.0 39.5  494.50 468.50  509.50 450.00- 523.50 457.00 423.00- 507.50  5  -  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  768 410 358  39.5 40.0 39.0  373.00 351.00 398.50  360.00 342.00 417.50  291.50- 445.50 284.00- 416.50 291.50- 488.50  -  _ -  _ -  7 4 3  28 12 16  99 58 41  104 71 33  52 42 10  46 17 29  Electronics technicians I..............  53  40.0  271.50  276.00  248.00- 276.00  -  -  -  7  14  25  1  1  Electronics technicians II............. Manufacturing............................  396 168  39.0 39.5  347.00 309.00  313.00 285.00  280.00- 419.00 276.00- 312.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  14 -  74 54  91 59  Electronics technicians III............ Manufacturing............................  319 218  40.0 40.0  422.50 393.00  437.00 386.00  371.50- 474.00 346.00- 445.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Registered industrial nurses...........  75  39.5  385.00  384.00  359.00- 414.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  3 2 • 1  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7  267 51 216  160 49 111  102 13 89  24  12  6  24  12  6  -  -  _ - -  54 4 50  6 6  3 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  123 42 81  78 1 77  206 14 192  67 1 66  6  "  7  ~  “  “  “  28 8  44 34  55 31  90 45  96 13  24  12  6  “  -  -  -  -  -  45 28 17  87 65 22  69 30 39  129 73 56  54 10 44  48 48  “  “  _ “  “  “  “  1  2  2  23 14  36 8  18 4  28 9  19 3  49 17  44  -  -  -  .  -  -  -  12 12  28 28  9 8  25 23  57 54  50 27  80 56  10 10  48  -  -  -  -  “  “  7  4  3  7  21  19  10  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  “ -  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Average (mean2) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men  Average (mean2) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Order clerks............................................................. Nonmanufacturing..............................................  72 72  37.5 37.5  241.50 241.50  469 431  38.0  210.00 212.00  416 375  39.5 39.5  318.00 314.00  170  39.0  271.00  246  40.0  350.00  Transportation and utilities............................. Order clerks........... ..................................... ...... .  Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Order clerks II......................................................  Accounting clerks: Accounting clerks IV:  Manufacturing....................................................  38.0 Office occupations women Secretaries: 1,077  39.5  304.00  Secretaries I: Manufacturing....................................................  204  40.0  267.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  1,560 211 1,349  39.0 39.0 39.0  262.50 270.00 261.00  Secretaries III: Manufacturing.................................................... Secretaries V: Manufacturing.........................................................  238 77  39.5 39.5  322.50 383.50  Accounting clerks II.............................................  Accounting clerks III............................................ Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Accounting clerks IV............................................  1,028 185 843 52  38 5 39.0 38 5 38.0  222.00 235.00 219.00 288.00  732 191 541  39.5 39.5 39.0  262.50 274.50 258.00  456 144 312  39.0 39.0 38.5  255.50 263.50 251.50  276 229  40.0 40.0  274.00 267.00  4,741 1,027 3,714  39 0 39.0 39.0  258.50 253.50 260.00  608 103  39.5 39.5  224.50 210.50  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  263  39.5  233.00  2,090 477 1,613  39.0 39.0 39.0  241.00 239.50 241.50  1,347 313 1,034  39.0 39.5 38.5  278.50 263.00 283.50 307.00 352.00 300.00  911 232 679 91  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  281.50 276.50 283.50 364.50  Key entry operators: Manufacturing....................................................  319  39.5  261.50  99  38.5  273.00  1,747 1,727  38.0 38.0  189.50 189.50  1,487 1,485  38.0  191.00  Key entry operators I: Manufacturing....................................................  225  39.5  240.50  656 614  38.5 38.5  222.50 220.00  Key entry operators II: Manufacturing.....................................................  94  39.5  311.50  See footnotes at end of tables.  8  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  160  39.5  522.50  83  39.5  562.50  120  39.0  433.50  84  39.0  418.50  455  39.5  366.50  182  39.5  316.50  101  39.5  362.00  131  39.5  468.50  396  40.0  352.00  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts (business): Nonmanufacturing: Computer systems analysts (business) III: Nonmanufacturing: Computer programmers (business): Computer programmers (business) II: Drafters: Drafters III: Manufacturing.................................................... Drafters IV:  39.5 39.0 39.5  Typists II:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  649 87 562  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Typists:  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Average (mean2)  Switchboard operator-  Secretaries: Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Number of workers  Drafters V: Electronics technicians: Electronics technicians II: 160  39.5  309.50  262 212  40.0 40.0  401.00 394.00  95  39.0  385.50  89  40.0  311.50  58  40.0  293.50  64  39.0  389.00  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer programmers (business): Drafters:  Registered industrial nurses...................................  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 5.00 and under 5.20  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  15.00  Maintenance carpenters.................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  209 182 73  11.39 11.42 10.08  11.37 9.83-13.09 11.52 9.83-13.09 9.25 9.25- 9.83  _  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  492 300 192  11.95 11.66 12.41  12.73 10.95-12.84 11.23 10.51-12.75 12.78 12.70-12.84  _  -  ■ _ -  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  50 101  10.79 12.06  10.95 8.88-11.80 12.20 11.88-13.01  -  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................  580 447  12.59 12.65  12.84 11.97-13.24 13.10 11.85-13.42  _  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,373 1,115 258 83  11.31 11.31 11.34 12.63  11.21 11.55 11.09 12.77  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  732 215 517 436  12.84 12.43 13.01 12.92  13.04 12.54 13.04 13.04  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................  160 144  Maintenance trades helpers...........  -  _ -  35 21  21 21  -  -  41 29 12  90 69 21  21 21  2 23  _  10  -  -  2 2  2 2  1 1  2 2  77 77  -  -  -  173 61 112  -  -  1 1 -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  1  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  12  1  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12  1  2  2  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  10.51-11.81 10.51-11.55 10.37-12.74 12.75-13.24  -  -  -  12.48-13.64 10.99-13.80 12.84-13.47 12.84-13.21  -  -  12.22 12.16  12.54 12.23-12.68 12.54 11.91-12.68  _  -  156  8.49  8.55 6.13-11.42  13  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing............................  154 154  13.56 13.56  13.54 12.77-14.54 13.54 12.77-14.54  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  285 142 143  11.76 11.39 12.13  11.67 10.84-12.93 11.55 10.84-11.55 12.93 12.10-13.09  22 22 19  7 1 -  _ -  _ -  76 76 14  1 1  15 15  -  -  40 38 2  212 66 146  47 47  -  21 10 11  -  1  _ -  -  14 10  9 21  46  1 1  _  15 15  101 80  36 14  54 54  203 113  -  231 221 10 10  205 181 24 3  364 320 44 2  98 98  31 29 2  -  24 16 8 7  -  31 24 7 7  -  _ -  2 2  _ -  15  -  -  _  .  -  2 -  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ "  _ -  _ -  15  _ -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ■ -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  24  35  2  1  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  41 41 40  _  -  9  .  7  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  81 81  85 85  -  -  _ -  161 114 47 47  61 40 21 21  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  16 7 9 6  110 37 73 60  241 7 234 231  125  152 94 58  _  _  _  _  -  _ -  34 34  .  60 60  64 48  _  -  -  21  42  -  -  -  .  .  .  _  -  -  -  -  2 2  -  56 56  48 48  _  5  -  -  10 7 3  24 21 3  18 16 2  73 69 4  30 27 3  108 2 106  -  1 1  5  _  -  4 4  _ -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  15.00 and over  _  125 125  -  .  .  .  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  46 46  1 1  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  .  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in San Franclsco-Oaktand, Calif., March 1981 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — Occupation and industry division  workers  Mean*  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  4,604 1,013 3,591 2,112  11.56 11.33 11.62 12.20  Truckdrivers, light truck...............  207  Truckdrivers, medium truck.........  Median*  12.29 12.01 12.30 12.30  Middle range*  and under 3.40  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.20  4.40  4.60  4.80  5.40  6.00  6.60  7.20  7.80  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.20  4.40  4.60  4.80  5.40  6.00  6.60  7.20  7.80  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  11.39-12.30 9.70-12.43 12.01-12.30 12.27-12.39  _ -  _  _  _  20  20  _  40  73  15  28  28  -  -  -  20  20  40  73  28  -  -  -  15 1  28  -  -  -  5.45  4.90 4.61- 6.35  -  -  -  -  20  20  -  40  73  -  1,107  11.17  12.27 9.66-12.27  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Truckdrivers, heavy truck............ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  343 334 254  11.89 11.88 11.68  12.18 12.18-12.39 12.18 12.18-12.39 12.18 10.45-12.39  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,303 701 1,602 653  12.04 11.88 12.11 12.27  12.30 12.30 12.30 12.43  12.01-12.43 10.60-12.64 12.01-12.43 12.30-12.43  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  Shippers.......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  241 94 147  9.00 9.72 8.54  9.42 8.83-10.30 9.98 9.32-10.29 8.93 8.83-10.30  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Receivers........................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  274 69 205  9.49 9.86 9.37  10.03 8.81-10.95 9.93 9.23-10.95 10.19 6.06-10.63  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  557 327 230  8.33 8.22 8.48  8.13 7.10- 9.61 7.30 7.10-10.04 9.61 6.33- 9.61  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  Warehousemen............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,839 794 1,045  9.31 9.52 9.15  9.48 8.81-10.10 9.27 9.27- 9.92 9.54 8.64-10.14  _  _  -  Order fillers...................................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,390 1,281  9.50 9.52  9.86 7.83-11.02 9.86 7.83-11.02  Shipping packers.............................  122  9.40  8.61  8.61- 9.83  -  -  -  -  -  -  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,831 695 1,136 156  8.79 8.65 8.87 11.90  8.77 8.66 8.77 11.70  7.70- 9.83 7.34- 9.83 7.85- 9.83 11.70-12.24  _  _  _  _  _  112  -  Forklift operators............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,996 1,630 366  9.46 9.25 10.38  9.24 8.58-10.56 9.06 8.58-10.13 9.93 9.37-10.85  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)........................  241  10.80  Guards............................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  3,476 264 3,212  Guards I.......................................v. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  3,226 243 2,983  /  25  46  _  _ 25  _ 46  35 6 29 29  265 256 9 6  259 130 129 57  -  -  -  -  21  -  -  23  -  4  -  15  7  28  15  2  46  7  _  _  .  -  _  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  .  .  -  r  350 27 323  81 51 30  6  -  200  12  109  12 12 12  6 6 6  57 57 57  2  12  59 56 3  184 124 60  239  30  2872 325 2547 1989  268 203 65 30  164  -  -  -  -  -  666  -  -  -  -  204 204 159  62 55 20  239  30  1409 325 1084 631  206 196 10 10  164  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 12  28  4 4  .  .  .  -  _  _  _  2 2  _  29 29  27 15 12  59 15 44  23 23  -  69 6 63 27 6 21  15 15  42 9 33  48  30 30  22 22  36 33 3  37 3 34  6 6  -  _  _  -  -  -  28  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  15  31  11  .  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  "  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  21  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  "  -  -  28 28  -  .  -  -  164  _  _  _  _  15  31  11  -  -  -  21  21  114 92 22  75 75  26 15 11  2 2  -  153 53 100  100  240 114 126  594 409 185  461 77 384  184 124 60  33 6 27  34 34  100  36 15 21  _  -  -  28  105 105  441 441  .  56 -  192 192  12 12  25  -  159 159  -  -  316 316  -  12  -  -  30  -  308 242 66 -  90 90  88  98  46  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  98 66  46  -  88 88  -  -  82  _  82  -  -  -  -  -  21  21  44 28 16  _  66  24  -  _  _  .  -  -  66  24  _  _  28  -  28 28  -  -  -  -  -  4  -  -  6  -  -  70  _  _  4 4  19 19  -  -  126 102 24  204 155 49  216 30 186  284 45 239  -  21  -  164  9 9  18 15 3  -  -  _  48  46 -  -  -  -  46  -  -  -  28 _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  112 -  14 4 10  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  222 4 218 2  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6 6  66 66  -  -  -  -  -  -  103 103 -  45 45  -  6 6 -  -  -  475 391 84  324 301 23  397 288 109  400 360 40  27  -  24 24  27  -  41 40 1  11.83 9.93-11.83  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  45  70  -  -  126  -  5.01 7.82 4.77  4.75 4.20- 5.35 7.34 6.00- 9.19 4.65 4.00- 5.26  19  315  243  _  286  535  195  387  -  -  -  -  70 26 44  117 50 67  20 17 3  66 28 38  4 4 -  35 35  _  _  _  _  243  161 17 144  21 21  315  333 36 297  3  19  666 30 636  -  -  -  -  -  4.88 7.62 4.66  4.65 4.00- 5.26 7.34 5.77- 9.19 4.50 4.00- 5.26  19  315  243  _  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  373  _  -  -  40 28 12  _  181  104 50 54  35 35  535  33 26 7  4 4  286  137 17 120  17 17  -  295 36 259  .  -  609 30 579  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  19  315  243  -  -  -  -  -  286  535  195  387  286  535  181  373  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  15 15  10  _  3  .  _  _  _  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In San Frandsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.30 and under 3.40  Middle range*  Median*  Guards II....................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  250 229  6.60 6.28  6.22 5.00- 7.47 5.82 5.00- 6.93  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  7,325 778 6,547 282  7.09 8.22 6.96 8.51  8.22 8.47 8.22 9.00  5.716.475.717.81-  8.22 9.84 8.22 9.08  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.20  4.40  4.60  4.80  5.40  6.00  6.60  7.20  7.80  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.20  4,40  4.60  4.80  5.40  6.00  6.60  7.20  7.80  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  _ -  _ "  _ -  21  _ _  _ -  _ -  _ -  14 14  14 14  57 57  38 38  24 24  37 37  13 13  3 3  3 3  26 26  21  . -  .  _  -  -  -  _ -  179  9  84  432  734 91 643 1  1134 8 1126 3  457 96 361 15  201 121 80 3  191  3179 51 3128 64  251 107 144 53  195 46 149 141  82 82  110 110  66 66  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  21  -  -  179  9  84  432  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  191 2  _ -  .  .  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _ _  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981  Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  11.55 11.61  300  11.66 Truckdrivers, light truck....................................................  187  5.54  50 101  10.79 12.06  Truckdrivers, medium truck..............................................  959  11.05  489 447  12.55 12.65  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer............................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  2,279 677 1,602 653  12.05 11.92 12.11 12.27  1,350 1,108  11.31 11.30  660 215 445 371  12.86 12.43 13.07 12.93  233 94 139  8.96 9.72 8.44  266 69 197  9.47 9 86 9.33  160  12.22  154 154  13.56 13.56  493 282 211  8.45 8.36 8.56  264 135 129  11.87 11.43 12.33  1,528 906  9.38 9.36  52  9.92  4,344 3,355 1,902  Transportation and utilities..........................................  Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  Receivers............................................................................. Nonmanufacturing.......................................................... Shippers and receivers........................................................ Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  Shipping packers..................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material handling laborers:  190 163  Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing........................................................... Transportation and utilities..........................................  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance electricians:  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).......................................................................  Number of workers  11.59 11.34 11.67 12.27  Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  663  8.67  1,619 363  9.61 10.38  232  10.76  2,804 237 2,567 44  5.05 7.80 4.80 8.46  2,604 218  4.95 7.60  200  6.47  6,120 641 5,479  7.09 8.37 6.94  Power-truck operators  Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  Guards I.............................................................................  Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., selected periods All industries Period*  Indexes (March 1977 = 100): March 1980..................................................................................................... March 1981..................................................................................................... Percent increases: October 1971 to March 1973: 17-month increase...................................................................................... Annual rate of increase.............................................................................. March 1973 to March 1974............................................................. .>............ March 1974 to March 1975........................................................................... March 1975 to March 1976........................................................................... March 1976 to March 1977................................................................... :....... March 1977 to March 1978........................................................................... March 1978 to March 1979........................................................................... March 1979 to March 1980................................................................... ........ March 1980 to March 1981...........................................................................  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  127.3 140.8 8.1 5.7 6.7 10.0 8.0 6.7 6.9 8.3 9.9 10.6  Manufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  128.6 138.8  134.1 149.8  129.4 145.4  129.4 145.3  129.1 142.0  o  o  «  o  <•>  8.8 6.1 7.5 11.9 7.9 6.2 11.7 7.7 11.5 11.7  10.4 7.2 7.3 11.4 9.2 8.9 9.2 8.5 9.2 12.4  9.9 6.9 7.2 11.9 7.6 7.1 8.0 9.0 9.9 12.3  8.0 5.6 7.1 12.2 7.6 6.9 7.7 7.7 11.3 10.0  o  o  8.5 5.9 7.8 12.8 9.0 5.2 11.5 8.3  o  e>  c)  o  0 o  9.2 7.5 6.8 7.9 8.4 9.9 7.9  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  o 0  10.9 7.8 5.0 8.1  Nonmanufacturing Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  129.1 145.1  132.6 148.2  126.9 140.5  128.8 139.4  0  8.1 5.7 6.5 9.2 8.1 6.7 6.7 8.6 9.5 10.7  c) C)  9.7 6.8  C)  C)  8.8 7.4 7.5 7.9 8.6 9.9 8.2  o  9.4 6.5 8.0 11.7 10.2 8.9 9.2 8.0 9.5 12.4  8.9 6.2 8.0 9.3 9.1 8.1 9.7 ‘ 10.0 9.9 11.8  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  128.5 144.4  (')  10.1 7.0 6.8 12.7 7.1 6.9 7.5 8.7 9.9 12.4  « 0 o o o  <•>  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Secretaries I  II  III  Stenographers IV  V  I  II  Secretaries I............... ................................................................................ 92 82 75 65 100 o (■) Secretaries II.............................................................................................. 109 100 88 79 68 o (■) Secretaries III.............................................................................................. 121 113 74 131 100 84 110 Secretaries IV............................................................................................. C) 120 134 127 100 87 127 Secretaries V.............................................................................................. 134 115 154 148 100 154 133 Stenographers I.......................................................................................... 76 <•> C) 0 65 100 80 pi Stenographers II......................................................................................... 91 <•> 79 75 125 100 Typists I...................................................................................................... 82 73 64 57 0 87 84 Typists II..................................................................................................... 85 71 99 102 64 121 100 n File clerks I................................................................................................. C) 54 o 84 c> c) File clerks II................................................................................................ 73 52 48 0 91 o 84 File clerks III................................................................................................ C) C) 81 61 53 o n Messengers................................................................................................ 70 60 49 79 87 84 75 Switchboard operators............................................................................... 80 70 62 95 93 90 C) Switchboard operator72 57 receptionists............................................................................................ 91 85 66 o <*) Order clerks I............................................................................................. 100 94 85 71 c> c) Cl Order clerks II............................................................................................. 105 o 114 c> 97 C) o Accounting clerks I..................................................................................... 77 73 67 63 c> C) 92 Accounting clerks II.................................................................................... 91 80 73 69 116 o 96 Accounting clerks III................................................................................... 99 100 90 80 72 120 106 Accounting clerks IV................................ o <•> 113 103 91 80 145 99 c> Payroll clerks................................................. 85 73 109 113 107 Key entry operators I..................................... 84 76 68 C) 92 101 88 Key entry operators II......................................... 82 74 102 96 91 114 109 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings in establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the table stub are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the column heading at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, reading across the Secretaries II row, the 109 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 109 percent of (or 9 percent more   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Typists 1  114 122 138 156 176 « 119 100 123 89 91 115 101 104 107 C) C) 108 115 115 140 137 111 127  File clerks II  I  101 98 118 140 157 83 100 81 100 84 <■> 94  119 o o 185 o o o 113 119 100 105  p> 88  105 123  e>  91 127 107 o <•> o 85 o 100 126 107 144 122 149 110 131 101 130 111 144 than) the earnings  II  III  o 120 137 192 209 e> 110 110 c> 95 100 o « 120  c) o 123 164 190 c> (•) 87 107 C) o 100  103 (*> 119 105 108 116 162 C)  97 o c) c) o 120 133 128  (•>  o  Switch­ Switch­ board Order clerks Mesboard operasenopera­ gers I tors -recep­ II tionists  p>  96  ci 125 of Secretaries I.  126 115 143 165 205 120 133 99  105 108 125 144 162  C)  95 c) 0 100 c)  111 96 114 81 84 104 o 100  109 121 137 118 124 128 156 133 125 136  101 114 108 95 106 111 128 118 108 114  e>  See appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  12  110 118 140 152 175 c) o 93 110 79 97 103 91 99  100 109 136 99  104 118 142 118 106 113  Accounting clerks I  <•) 100 106 117 141 o C) <■) 93 C) <•) o 83 87  95 88 C) 103 0 ci <*) o ci o 84 C) 73 93  109 130 136 148 159  92  73 83 100 <•) 83 93 101 104  101 116 C) 100 113 127 140 113 108 120  100 121 86 90 109 117 102 100 112  o  95  pi  c) 93 117 c) 96 0 85 106  Payroll clerks  Key entry operators  II  III  IV  104 110 125 137 145 86 (*> 87 100 80 92  101 100 111 125 139 83 95 87 93 70 86 83 78 90  («) 89 97 110 125 69 c) 71 82 67 62 75 64 78  89 93 101 118 136 o 92 73 91 77 o 78 75 85  99 113 118 132 147 <•) 109 90 99 77 <•) o 80 93  91 104 110 122 134 88 98 78 90 70 80 C) 74  85  71 86  84 98 96 89 87 96 110 100 96  95 100  89 89 106 83 92 103 111 101 86 100  C) 81 95 96 111 120 88 100 116 124 114 99  109  92  108 79 86 100 115 104 94 97  99  71 80 87 100 91 77 90  I  99  II  C) 93 101 107 129 105 100 116  88  Table A-9. Pay relationships In establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Computer systems analysts (business) I  Computer systems analysts (business) I............................................................................ Computer systems analysts (business) II........................................................................... Computer systems analysts (business) III.......................................................................... Computer programmers (business) I............................................................................ Computer programmers (business) II........................................................................... Computer programmers (business) III.......................................................................... Computer operators I................................................................ Computer operators II............................................................... Computer operators III.............................................................. Peripheral equipment operators............................................... Computer data librarians.......................................................... Drafters II.................................................................................. Drafters III................................................................................. Drafters IV................................................................................. Drafters V.................................................................................. Electronics technicians I.......................................................... Electronics technicians II......................................................... Electronics technicians III......................................................... Registered industrial nurses.....................................................  II  Computer programmers (busi­ ness) III  1  II  Computer operators  III  I  II  III  Peripher­ Comput­ al equiper data librarians erators  Drafters II  III  Electronics technicians IV  V  I  II  III  Regis­ tered in­ dustrial nurses  100  82  71  127  118  97  148  134  116  c)  171  o  <•)  0  (')  (•)  (')  (*)  (•)  121  100  84  150  137  103  184  158  141  196  202  174  151  135  97  (•)  (')  (•)  149  141  119  100  178  159  123  227  188  168  222  240  248  184  149  120  (')  129  (*)  174  79  67  56  100  86  64  120  105  94  o  121  0  108  91  71  o  C)  C)  C)  85  73  63  116  100  78  135  116  96  o  131  c)  123  96  81  127  88  81  C)  128 74 86 105 (•> 76 c) 81 105 123 79 113 123 c)  100  o  o 71 78 o « o  100  141 87  128 77 89  0 !•) C) 139  0 102 107 127 c) 100  c) o c) o o o  (•) (•) (•) C) o c) o c)  100  153 c) 98 108 o 0 77  130 157 172 o o o 122  100  127 « 91 94 0 0 64 82  122 141 97 103 142 111  o <•> 73 o o o 58 71 86  117 77 98 117 102  « o c) o o 0 o 104 129 0 100  97 <■> o o o o o 97 102 128 85  117 145 c)  (•) c) o o o o o 71 85 103 69 82  122 o  100  o 87 96 116 o o 82 90 98 127 c) o o  c)  100  103 98 67 54 75 63 87 71 o 51 59 49 c) 57 66 o c) 74 103 o c) 0 ci o o o o 67 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method Also see footnotes at end of tables.  81 155 44 83 53 95 59 106 45 c) 42 82 40 (•> 54 92 110 67 83 141 o c) 77 0 o 0 57 o of computation.  115 130 o 98 c) c) <*) « « <•) c) 115  66  79 o o 103 0 o  100  100  113 o 93 o 102 110 137 c) ci 0 104  72 79 c) 92 106 c) c) o o 86  100  <•> c) c) ci o c) 0 o 0  100  100  o 78 97 79  100  Table A-10.Pay relationships In establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Mechanics Carpenters  Electricians  Maintenance carpenters................................................................................... 100 Maintenance electricians................................................................................... 100 Maintenance painters........................................................................................ 93 Maintenance machinists............................................................................... 103 Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................................................................................... 95 Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles).............................................................................................. 100 Maintenance pipefitters................................................................. .................... 100 Maintenance trades helpers.............................................................................. « Tool and die makers.......................................................................................... o Stationary engineers.......................................................................................... 101 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles  Pipefitters  Trades helpers  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  100 100 95 101  108 105 100 111  97 99 90 100  105 103 99 107  100 102 100 104  100 102 98 105  («) 147 (a) 124  C) 95 94 94  97  101  94  100  98  100  <«)  86  99  98 98 68 106 94  100 102 0 106 101  96 95 81 106 85  102 100 (•> 116 101  100 100 (■) 107 93  100 100 (#) c) 102  (8) C) 100 o o  94  108 98 (•) (s) 100  13  C)  (•) 100 o  99 106 99 117  Table A-11.Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Truckdrivers Light truck  Medium truck  Heavy truck  Tractortrailer  Truckdrivers, light truck........................................... 100 c) o 0 Truckdrivers, medium truck..................................... c) 100 o o Truckdrivers, heavy truck........................................ o 100 o 99 Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer...................................... o n 100 101 Shippers................................................................... 0 87 (•) 81 « Receivers................................................................. 89 (•) 91 Shippers and receivers............................................ 0 o (•) 69 Warehousemen................. ...... .............................. 0 91 (•) 93 Order fillers.............................................................. o o (•) 84 Shipping packers...................................................... c) c) (•) c) Material handling laborers........................................ o 81 (•) 82 Forklift operators..................................................... o 98 79 82 Power-truck operators (other than forklift)................................................ o o c) o Guards 1.................................................................... c) 0 0 o Guards II................................................................... o c) o c) Janitors, porters, and cleaners................................ 108 74 67 66 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers  0  115  Receivers  Shippers and receivers  <•> 112 (•> 110 100  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  «  0  <•> <•> 145  110  o c) o  Shipping packers  0 o o 0  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  o  c>  100 (•) 94 93 98 89 96  100  (•>  (•) 97 94 o 90 100  100  97 o o 90 o  (•) (*) (•) 100  100  o 105 104  100  124 <■> 122 113 111 111 o 95 «  (•) (•)  100  102 127 122 104 100 0 100 96 c) 97  103  100  c) 70 o 82  o 62 c) 81  c) 0 c) 94  (•) (■) (■) 85  <•> <•> c) 89  (•) (*) (•) 83  105 78 o 96  99 89 o 85  o  123 100  o  14  «  107 107 104 103 100  119 108 106 0 «  102 o 0 c) <•)  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)  Guards I  II  o o o c)  <•)  <•)  C) C) C)  C) 0  (•>  143 161 <•> o o o 128 112  c)  (•> c) o o 95 101 100  c)  (•) (•) (•>  100  o 99  <•) 0  •  <•) <*) « c) o « c) o «  Janitors, porters, and cleaners 93 135 149 151 122 124 106 117 112 121 105 118  100  o 102 o  o  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more in San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981  Occupation and industry division  Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average weekly (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  4,832 734 4,098 605  39.5 39.5 39.0 39.5  296.00 307.50 293.50 386.00  280.50 253.00- 322.00 295.50 265.00- 337.50 276.00 253.00- 320.00 387.50 352.50- 422.00  404 267  40.0 39.5  254.00 254.00  244.50 224.00- 262.50 236.50 219.00- 256.00  and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  460  520  560  600  30 30  -  _ -  25 2 23  _  _  _  17 15  _  140 8 132  271 29 242 6  1072 124 948 4  858 119 739 17  720 120 600 23  436 91 345 25  323 66 257 37  221 46 175 60  168 47 121 63  202 16 186 131  113 21 92 62  113 20 93 76  72 66  81 66  126 56  51 15  13 5  5 5  3 3  12 12  _  3 3'  21 21  66 12 54 7  9 7 2 1  8 2 6  10  7  8  -  _ 10 4  _ 7 7  _ 8 8  30  _ 7 7  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  1 1 _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  520 17 503 13  414 17 397 9  199 20 179 10  111 26 85 19  94 26 68 36  92 37 55 42  95 6 89 82  21  29 1 28 28  64  _ 21 17  _ 64 63  _ _ _ -  1  4  109 38 71  209 80 129 5  183 61 122 10  171 33 138 15  77 10 67 8  47 4 43 14  72 7 65 38  55 11 44 23  76 17 59 47  4  18 16  _ 4 4  4 1 3 3  3 1 2 2  10  1  29 12 17  18  _ 4  1  2  _ _  _ 1  _ 2  18 3 15  40 3 37  30 5 25  28 10 18  22 6 16  24 3 21  7 2 5  7 2 5  7 7  10 5 5  1 1  _  10 9 1  1  _ _  _  9 9  27 27  4 3  13 11  17 10  1 1  4 4  15 12  73 61  4 4  5 5  21 21  _  _  _  _  9  6  2  12  4  1  3  5  12  21 21  2 2 2  1 _ -  13 6 6  _ -  1 1 1  10 10 10  61 61 61  4 4 4  5 5 5  21 21 21  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  81 9 72 7  81 25 56 9  89 20 69 7  52 44 8 8  23 2 21 21  14  24  2  22  _  _  _  _  _ 24 24  21 2 19 19  2  _ 14 14  _ 2 2  _ 2 2  _ 22 20  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  78 23 55  62 7 55  24 1 23  11  1  20  9  _ 20  _ 9  _ _ _  _ 2  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _  _  _  _ _ _  2  _ 1  16 2 14  14  11  3 2 1  48 46  17 15 5  49 25 1  74 54 2  45 3 3  13 13 13  3 3 3  _  -  4 4 4  12 10 10  2 2 2  2 2 2  20 20 20  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  234 233  72 66  45 40  10 10 10  16 16 16  6 6 6  11 11 11  17 16 16  10 10 10  4 4 2  1 1 1  _  _  _  _  -  7 4 4  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  _  10 10  16 16  6 6  11 11  1 1  _  _  4 4  _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ . ' -  _ _  _ _  -  3  13  -  4  2  4  ”  ”  "  “  “  -  ~  “  Transportation and utilities.....  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  333.50 315.50 340.00 398.00  320.00 301.00 325.00 404.00  292.00285.00297.50374.50-  365.00 325.50 382.00 422.00  _  Transportation and utilities.....  1,072 275 797 187  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  208 56 152  40.0 39.5 40.0  362.50 402.00 348.00  351.00 387.00 336.00  317.50- 381.00 347.00- 463.50 313.00- 379.50  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  229 204  40.0 40.0  325.50 322.00  374.50 362.00  253.00- 395.00 250.00- 395.00  _  18 18  18 18  90  40.0  257.50  233.00  186.50- 318.00  18  18  40.0 40.0 40.0  369.00 373.00 395.50  395.00 395.00 395.00  318.00- 399.00 374.50- 399.00 387.00- 411.50  _  Transportation and utilities.....  139 131 110  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.5  240.00 251.50 237.50 344.50  220.00 258.00 212.00 353.50  192.00217.50187.50305.50-  87 3 84  187 14 173  Transportation and utilities.....  847 144 703 149  128 25 103 2  507 52 455  39.0 40.0 39.0  219.00 215.00 219.50  197.00 210.50 196.00  184.50- 232.00 195.50- 218.50 184.00- 235.50  66 3 83  161 14 147  39.0 39.5 39.5  271.50 271.50 364.00  269.00 251.50 387.00  225.00- 280.50 209.50- 286.50 305.50- 440.50  1 1  26 26  Transportation and utilities.....  316 224 65  Transportation and utilities.....  1,488 1,471 82  38.0 38.0 39.5  200.50 200.00 344.50  190.00 190.00 357.50  209 209  39.0 39.0  198.00 198.00  36  39.5  271.50  _ _ -  -  -  -  161.00- 230.00 161.00- 224.50 321.00- 383.00  52 52  241 241 4  369 369 2  150 150  160.00 160.00  144.00- 224.00 144.00- 224.00  52 52  47 47  45 45  5 5  293.50  188.00- 321.00  -  4  4  2  243 242  12 12  "  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _ 1 1  474 2 472 4  311.50 362.50 305.00 429.00  Messengers: Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  1  123 1 122 6  255.00305.00253.00357.50-  20  4 3 1 1  _ 62  276.00 337.50 275.00 387.50  _  _  62  292.50 332.50 290.00 383.00  20  _  _ 8  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.5  20  _  8  2,307 154 2,153 329  20  _  -  _ _ -  276.00 280.50 268.50 387.00  _ 7  -  _ _ -  -  _  -  269.50 276.00 267.00 399.00  _ 30  Transportation and utilities.....  244.50244.50244.50296.50-  _ -  11 1 10 2  442 40 402  250.50 259.00 246.00 368.50  _  4 1 3 2  63 13 50  258.50 266.50 257.50 362.00  _  15 7 8 7  5 2 3  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.5  _  14 9 5 4  176 28 148 3  836 107 729 39  -  96 7 89 86  15  14 _ 14 14  14  -  1  _ 10 2  _  _ _  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median’  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range*  135 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  Switchboard operators.................... Nonmanufacturing......................  457 409  39.0 38.5  230.50 228.00  221.00 220.00  205.00- 241.50 199.50- 241.50  _ -  31 31  44 44  32 28  108 95  76 66  88 79  9 5  19 16  26 26  -  -  2 2  15 15  Switchboard operatorreceptionists................................. Nonmanufacturing......................  83 51  39.5 39.5  273.50 272.50  252.00 252.00  240.00- 321.00 240.00- 262.00  -  -  -  6 2  11 4  1  26 26  16 9  _ -  _ -  14 4  _ -  _ -  3  -  _  -  -  4 4  Order clerks.....................................  238  40.0  282.00  242.00  238.00- 310.00  -  -  -  3  -  84  80  6  2  14  6  7  2  1  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,385 461 1,924 517  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  289.00 286.50 289.50 402.00  262.00 264.00 262.00 427.50  232.50232.50232.50362.00-  332.00 347.50 326.50 446.00  _ -  9  41  9  41  136 21 115  -  -  -  233 38 195 2  308 99 209 5  457 67 390 4  296 30 266 10  136 43 93 11  94 21 73 24  89 19 70 55  72 43 29 15  74 25 49 38  60 5 55 55  Accounting clerks I...................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  552 524  40.0 40.0  257.50 259.50  250.00 262.00  218.00- 268.00 218.00- 268.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  69 55  97 93  71 65  44 44  156 156  9 9  24 24  4 -  6 6  32 32  40 40  Accounting clerks II...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  791 159 632 217  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  282.00 271.50 285.00 389.00  244.50 238.00 244.50 417.00  228.50222.50230.00326.50-  326.50 279.50 326.50 440.50  9  13  27 6 21 1  3  -  21 7 14 6  2  -  190 23 167 4  5  -  161 62 99 4  55  13  93 21 72 2  .  9  43 6 37  _ _ -  _ 55 55  _ 5 5  _ 2 2  Accounting clerks III..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  607 164 443 107  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  295.00 285.50 298.50 439.50  257.50 276.00 257.50 457.50  236.00243.00233.50427.50-  363.50 312.50 427.50 457.50  _ -  28 28  24 1 23  42 12 30  68 26 42  175 31 144  43 15 28  42 29 13  15 15  7 7  7 7  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  _ -  _ -  13 9 4 4  Accounting clerks IV.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  409 84 325 78  39.5 39.0 39.5 40.0  337.50 349.00 334.50 465.50  310.00 350.00 300.00 487.00  278.00337.50275.00438.50-  367.00 362.50 375.00 491.50  _ -  _  _  _  _  3  -  -  -  -  3 1  37 2 35  70 2 68  55 6 49  23 8 15  -  -  -  54 36 18 4  27 16 11  -  55 5 50 1  Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  511 75 436 29  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  280.50 314.00 274.50 449.00  253.00 337.50 252.00 458.00  240.00245.00240.00458.00-  309.00 370.00 274.00 477.00  _ -  _ -  3 3 -  _ "  21 2 19  82 9 73  179 12 167  76 2 74  18 1 17  20 4 16  19 3 16  31 23 8  -  "  -  -  -  -  23 8 15 4  -  -  _ -  Key entry operators........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,714 156 1,558 476  40.0 39.5 40.0 40.0  284.00 278.50 284.50 358.00  261.00 268.50 261.00 387.00  238.50235.00238.50309.00-  309.00 312.00 309.00 392.00  _ -  _ -  17  40  -  -  -  254 25 229 1  382 24 358 21  226 19 207 26  141 18 123 25  134 28 106 71  64 8 56 55  13 2 11 11  28 1 27 27  161 10 151 151  54  40  137 18 119  18  17  18 18  _ 54 54  Key entry operators I................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  861 69 792 214  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  277.50 242.50 280.50 371.50  248.50 236.00 250.00 392.00  226.00218.50226.50362.00-  318.00 260.00 340.00 392.00  _ -  _ -  17  40  170 19 151 -  16 16  10 2 8 8  10  -  58 9 49 8  122  -  91 7 84 9  27  -  156 14 142 “  8  40  104 18 86  16  17  8 8  27 27  122 122  10 10  Key entry operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  853 87 766 262  40.0 39.5 40.0 40.0  291.00 306.50 289.00 347.00  271.50 306.00 270.50 330.00  254.00266.00253.00309.00-  309.00 321.50 309.00 411.50  _ -  84 6 78 1  226 10 216 21  135 12 123 17  83 9 74 17  118 28 90 55  54 6 48 47  5 2 3 3  1 1  39 10 29 29  _ -  _  _  _  33  -  -  -  33 -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  16  .  -  5 -  2 2  -  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  18  9  5  1  -  -  64 31 33 33  79 15 64 46  170 1 169 155  13 3 10 10  54 54 54  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _ -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  7 3 4 4  99  _ 3 3  63 31 32 32  12  1 _ 1 1  67 1 66 56  8  _ 12 12  55 11 44 26  _ 8 8  _ _ -  17 1 16 16  4 _ 4  54  -  5 3 2 2  3 3  17  14  _ 17 11  _ 14 14  39 3 36 10  6  _ _ -  8  54  8 8  54 54  5 5 _ 5 5  . _ _ .  _ _ -  _ -  99 99  _ _ -  _  _ _  _ _  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ 6 6  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  26  6  .  26 -  _ 6 6  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  13 3 10 10  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  .  .  _ _ -  _ _ -  54 54  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range2  170 and  200  180 Computer systems analysts (business)..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,189 401 1,788 213  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  493.00 544.50 481.50 516.50  491.00 432.50- 550.00 545.00 482.00- 606.50 481.00 424.00- 537.50 512.50 461.00- 569.50  Computer systems analysts (business) I............................... Nonmanufacturing......................  451 404  39.0 39.5  402.50 389.00  391.00 385.50  Computer systems analysts (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,002 204 798  39.5 39.5 39.5  477.50 502.00 471.50  479.50 443.00- 506.00 492.50 451.50- 570.50 476.50 442.00- 501.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III.......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  736 150 586 102  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  570.00 611.00 559.50 562.00  568.00 591.50 561.00 563.50  359.50- 425.50 358.00- 415.50  533.00549.50527.00518.50-  340  320  20  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _ 20  360 400  360  65 3 62  57 9 48  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  800  187 14 173 1  272 26 246 31  348 39 309 37  443 70 373 54  310 67 243 30  256 66 190 37  133 47 86 13  56 23 33 8  23 20 3 1  12 11 1 1  7 6 1 ~  62 60  139 139  123 122  27 24  15 5  19 6  "  -  _ —  _ ‘  _ ‘  _  -  31 28  1  -  20 20  14  -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  26 6 20  3 1 2  48 14 34  135 25 110  292 34 258  331 51 280  95 18 77  32 17 15  30 29 1  10 9 1  _ ~  _ -  _ '  14  29 2 27 2  97 9 88 26  196 36 160 18  210 35 175 33  102 17 85 12  46 14 32 7  23 20 3 1  12 11 1 1  7 6 1  3 2  3 2  1 1  -  -  -  _  340  320  300  300  280  260  240  220  280  260  240  220  200  180 r  601.00 677.50 595.00 595.00  14 2  -  697 574  39.5 39.5  386.50 374.50  365.00 344.50  321.50- 442.50 316.50- 425.50  -  -  -  -  -  31 29  60 60  76 72  117 116  50 48  102 80  63 36  92 50  48 34  30 27  12 11  9 6  337 311  39.5 39.5  324.00 318.50  322.00 317.00  298.00- 338.00 298.00- 334.00  38 25  8 4  “  “  -  _ “  _ '  _ '  -  -  25 23  -  *-  102 101  _  -  69 69  _  -  60 60  4  -  31 29  _  Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer programmers (business) II.............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  232 144  39.0 39.0  405.50 383.00  407.50 371.00  365.00- 449.00 353.00- 414.50  -  -  52 30  56 14  12 2  -  “  _ • ~  _ “  _  "  63 55  .  -  25 25  _  -  15 15  _  -  7 3  2  -  Computer programmers (business) III.............................  128  39.0  516.50  508.00  450.50- 551.50  1  3  36  32  28  12  9  3  3  1  -  69 69 19  43 33 22  2 2 2  22 19 19  1  2  -  -  -  "  “  -  -  -  “  —  *  “ '  ■  ' -  “ '  “  -  -  -  Computer programmers (business).. Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer programmers  Computer operators......................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities..... Computer operators I................... Nonmanufacturing.............. .......  39.5 39.5 40.0  317.00 316.00 361.00  316.00 277.00- 346.00 316.00 279.50- 346.00 343.00 338.00- 376.00  -  194 188  39.5 39.5  279.00 280.00  269.00 270.50  250.00- 316.50 250.00- 316.50  -  2 2  16 13 3  36 35 4  92 86 3  84 78 3  137 131 3  108 105 13  137 133 66  148 148 34  10 10  21 20  42 40  37 35  13 12  23 23  46 46  -  “  _  “  “  “  -  15 15 2  48 44 2  43 39 2  118 113 2  55 52 7  43 39 14  116 116 24  26 26 11  27 20 20  2 2 2  7 4 4  1  _  -  -  -  6 3 2  345.50 345.00  320.00- 372.00 320.00- 372.00  -  -  -  2 2  4 4  6 6  30 30  48 48  32 32  43 43  16 13  -  15 15  -  -  283.00 283.00  250.00 250.00  226.00- 340.00 226.00- 340.00  10 10  37 37  61 61  47 47  26 26  9 9  5 5  1 1  4 4  34 34  8 8  18 18  3 3  -  -  40.0 39.5  407.50 382.50  429.00 372.50  330.00- 464.00 304.00- 462.50  -  1 1  5 4  16 12  22 21  20 18  26 20  42 16  24 10  46 28  36 18  118 30  77 34  18 13  133 81  39.5 39.5  335.00 330.00  328.00 309.00  288.50- 366.50 273.00- 373.00  10 10  18 17  8 8  12 8  28 6  22 8  20 11  6 4  6 6  3 3  -  -  -  -  ■  173 se  40.0 40.0  418.50 360.50  452.00 333.50  375.00- 464.00 312.50- 438.50  3 2  -  10 1C  10 10  2 2  18  17 1  99 14  5  507 473 92  316.00 39.5 314.50 39.5 39.5 , 361.50  Computer operators III................. Nonmanufacturing......................  198 193  39.5 39.5  357.50 354.50  Peripheral equipment operators..... Nonmanufacturing.....................  263 263  40.0 40.0  457 225  _  I  “ 2  -  "  ”  17  ■  -  ■  -  -  ' e  ■  -  __  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  307.00 281.00- 346.00 307.00 284.00- 346.00 354.00 331.50- 430.00  Computer operators II.................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  Manufacturing....................i......  2 2  899 854 191  ‘  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly e<imings (in doll ars)1  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  170 and under 180  Drafters V..................................... Manufacturing............................  118 65  40.0 39.5  498.50 485.00  509.50 497.50  496.00- 516.50 460.00- 518.00  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................  628 380  39.5 40.0  369.00 342.50  355.00 324.00  286.00- 446.00 281.00- 393.00  _ -  Electronics technicians II.............  334  39.0  341.00  291.50  278.00- 417.50  Electronics technicians III............ Manufacturing............................  262 203  40.0 40.0  417.00 387.00  399.00 384.00  356.00- 474.00 342.00- 438.50  Registered industrial nurses...........  58  39.0  383.00  375.00  342.00- 433.50  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  760  800  _  _  -  -  . -  -  -  -  -  -  8 8  4 4  13 10  69 30  _ -  _ -  7 4  28 12  78 58  104 71  52 42  25 17  34 28  76 65  48 30  78 43  50 10  -  -  -  -  14  74  91  23  15  7  17  19  34  40  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  . -  12 12  28 28  9 8  25 23  57 54  29 27  44 41  10 10  48  -  7  4  3  7  15  8  10  4  -  _ -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  13  -  -  -  -  -  48  -  See footnotes at end of tables.  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more In San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March Av erage (m ean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Office occupations women Secretaries: Manufacturing.................................................... Secretaries II.................................. Manufacturing.............................  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Typists: Manufacturing...........................................  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  52  40.0  215.00  79  39.5  274.00  40.0  268.00  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  281.50 310.00 276.00 447.50  Switchboard operator-  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  39.5  307.50  801 107 694  39.0 39 5 39.0  256.50 266 50 255.00  Payroll clerks...........................................................  154  39.5  332.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  56 137  39 5 39.0  402.00 250.50  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  187  39.5  397.00  59  39.5  342.50  65  39.5  485.00  366  40.0  343.00  197  40.0  387.50  Professional and technical occupations - men Drafters:  661  435 67 368 25  Drafters III: Manufacturing....................................................  Electronics technicians: Key entry operators: Key entry operators II: Manufacturing....................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Average (mean2)  Typists I:  Secretaries III: Secretaries V: Manufacturing..................................  Number of workers  18  Electronics technicians III: 67  39.5  313.50  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Maintenance carpenters..................  Number of workers  85  Mean*  11.51  Median*  Middle range*  10.95 9.83-12.78  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................  362 223  12.17 11.91  12.75 10.95-12.84 11.75 10.95-12.75  Maintenance painters......................  84  12.29  12.78 11.80-13.01  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 5.00 and under 5.20 -  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  15.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  22  7  -  14  -  7  34  -  -  -  -  -  25 23  13 1  69 69  21 21  10 10  176 51  47 47  -  -  -  -  4  -  10  14  9  46  -  -  -  -  2 2  1 1  65 65  15 14  54 54  91 1  61 61  1 1  -  -  57 57  16 6  184 181  22 20  98 98  62 15  21 -  " ~  -  47  21  96 23 73  174  51  58  “  -  “ 174  “ 51  “ 58  ~  _  -  60 60  64  -  -  -  -  2 2  ‘  56 56  34 34  1  4  1  " 18  28  30  66  -  -  -  -  293 202  12.29 12.05  12.84 11.45-12.84 12.18 10.95-13.42  1 1  -  ”  2 2  465 382  11.51 11.27  10.95 10.95-12.23 10.95 10.95-12.23  1 1  2 2  2 2  83  12.63  12.77 12.75-13.24  (motor vehicles)........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  429 60 369 288  12.79 11.43 13.01 12.87  12.84 10.99 13.04 13.04  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................  160 144  12.22 12.16  12.54 12.23-12.68 12.54 11.91-12.68  Tool and die makers....................... Manufacturing............................  98 98  13.18 13.18  12.77 12.77-13.70 12.77 12.77-13.70  Stationary engineers........................  170 69  11.75 11.68  12.24 10.84-13.09 11.47 11.47-12.24  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................ Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  10  1 1  12.19-13.64 10.99-12.54 12.77-13.64 12.77-13.04 -  -  -  -  “ .  -  “  -  ”  -  “  ~  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  19  *  12  "  1  '  2  *  2  *  -  15.00 and over  1 " 1  12 11 1  3 1 2  24 24  -  2 2  -  34 34  5  3  3  ~  9 9  “  Table A-16. Hourly carnlngg of material movement and custodial workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.30 and under 3.40  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.20  4.40  4.60  4.80  5.40  6.00  6.60  7.20  7.80  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.20  4.40  4.60  4.80  5.40  6.00  6.60  7.20  7.80  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,681 135 1,546  12.08 11.81 12.10  12.27 12.01-12.30 11.67 11.64-12.43 12.27 12.18-12.30  _ -  _ -  _ -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......... Nonmanufacturing......................  571 511  12.47 12.48  12.30 12.01-13.34 12.30 12.01-13.34  -  -  -  Receivers........................................  134 123  10.73 10.99  10.30 10.03-12.89 10.30 10.19-12.89  -  -  -  -  -  Shippers and receivers....................  224  9.35  9.61-10.69  -  -  -  -  -  Warehousemen............................... Nonmanufacturing......................  781 596  9.68 9.39  Shipping packers.............................  122  9.40  8.61  8.61- 9.83  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities....  1,038 151 887 156  9.32 8.98 9.38 11.90  9.05 10.33 9.05 11.70  8.05-10.33 7.03-10.33 8.05- 9.92 11.70-12.24  Forklift operators............................. Manufacturing............................  645 440  10.58 10.38  10.63 9.93-10.73 10.63 10.13-10.71  Guards............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  473 155 318  7.18 8.90 6.34  6.56 5.76- 9.19 9.19 6.86-10.43 6.15 5.53- 6.88  Guards I....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  293 134 159  7.12 8.71 5.78  6.50 5.65- 9.19 9.08 6.76-10.84 5.76 4.90- 6.41  _ -  Guards II.......................................  180  7.28  6.77  5.88- 9.14  Janitors, porters, and cleaners....... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,849 381 2,468 266  7.60 8.80 7.41 8.60  8.22 6.10- 8.22 9.05 6.94-10.34 8.22 5.74- 8.22 9.00 7.81- 9.10  9.61  10.06 9.48-10.28 10.06 9.48-10.14  _ -  _ -  _  _  15  7  .  .  2  4  -  . -  _ 15  _ 7  _ -  _ -  _ 2  _ 4  11 6 5  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  4  -  -  -  9  -  -  -  -  -  -  33  9  _  11  .  66 66  3 3  3 3  4 4  _ -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  5  _  ' _  5  -  _  _ -  -  -  -  -  ’  _ -  9  72 6 66  119 12 107  81 51 30  1167 60 1107  30  164  9  30  164  3 3  9 9  23 23  30 30  332 272  10 10  164 164  -  35 33  40 40  -  -  -  -  2  _  95  31  37  6  !  46 46  169 60  34  -  280 280  6  -  216 180 -  12  -  66  90 90  -  -  _ -  -  4  -  -  6  -  -  70  _  _  176  -  -  -  -  _ 49  _ 144  _ 176  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  69 45 24  144  -  4 4  49  -  4 4  -  14 4 10  "  -  -  -  222 4 218 2  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  33 33  -  -  33 10  231 132  225 225  -  14  7  5  7  28  87 6 81  89 17 72  68 26 42  14 1 13  3  20 17 3  66 28 38  21 21  4 4  35 35  -  -  65 17 48  31 26 5  1 1 -  _ -  17 17 -  40 28 12  _ 21  -  -  _  110 110  36 36  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  14  7  5  7  28  7  5  7  13  5  _ -  14 14  7  5  7  13  49 6 43  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  15  38  24  37  13  3  3  26  21  _  _ -  _  9  _  _  97 16 81 1  523 8 515 3  223 8 215 3  73 70 3 3  11  1373 29 1344 64  178 58 120 49  195 46 149 141  21  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  9  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ■  -  5  -  _ -  20  -  11 2  _ 3  _  -  66 -  4 4  -  -  -  -  30  -  -  88  66  46  88 88  66 66  46  82  -  41 40  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  35 35  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance electricians: Manufacturing.................................................................  Maintenance machinists: Manufacturing.................................................................  223  11.91  84  12.29  202  12.05  449 382  11.54 11.27  Maintenance mechanics 60  11.43  Receivers.............................................................................  160 144  12.22 12.16  Shippers and receivers........................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  98 98  13.18 13.18  156 69  11.88 11.68  1,465 135 1,330  12.16 11.81 12.20  571 511  12.47 12.48  126 115  10.76 11.04  205  9.51  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  21  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  52  9.92  133  9.22  584  10.66  363 135  7.30 9.01  233 116  7.27 8.82  2,452 283  7.56 9.04  Material handling laborers:  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance mechanics  Manufacturing.................................................................  Number of workers  Manufacturing.................................................................  Manufacturing.................................................................  Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Other inexperienced clerical workers*  Inexperienced typists Minimum weekly straight-time salaries7  All industries  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  All industries  Nonmanufacturing  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  Establishments studied.........................................................................  181  51  XXX  130  XXX  XXX  181  51  XXX  130  XXX  XXX  Establishments having a specified minimum.................................................................................................  35  10  8  25  14  7  57  17  12  40  23  12  1 2 1 3 3 3 1 5 1 4 2 1 1 3 1 1  _ 2 1 2 1 2 1 4 1 1 1  $125.00 and under $130.00................................................................... $130.00 and under $135.00................................................................... $135.00 and under $140.00................................................................... $140.00 and under $145.00................................................................... $145.00 and under $150.00................................................................... $150.00 and under $155.00................................................................... $155.00 and under $160.00................................................................... $160.00 and under $165.00................................................................... $165.00 and under $170.00................................................................... $170.00 and under $175.00................................................................... $175.00 and under $180.00................................................................... $180.00 and under $185.00................................................................... $185.00 and under $190.00................................................................... $190.00 and under $195.00................................................................... $195.00 and under $200.00................................................................... $200.00 and under $205 00.............................. ..........................:..._.... $205.00 and under $210.00................................................................... $210.00 and under $215.00......................... ......................................... $215.00 and under $220.00.............................. ................................... $220.00 and under $225.00................................................................... $225.00 and under $230.00.................................................................. $230.00 and under $235.00................................................................... $235.00 and under $240.00................................................................... $240.00 and under $245.00................................................................... $245.00 and under $250.00................................................................... $250.00 and under $255.00................................................................... $255.00 and under $260.00................................................................... $260.00 and under $265.00................................................................... $265.00 and under $270.00................................................................... $270.00 and under $275.00................................................................... $275.00 and under $280.00................................................................... $280.00 and under $285.00................................................................... $285.00 and under $290.00................................................................... $290.00 and under 8295.00................................................................... $295.00 and under $300 00........................... ....................................... $300.00 and under $305.00................................................................... $305.00 and under $310.00.................................................................. $310.00 and over...................................................................................  _ 2 1 1 1  _ 2 1  1 3 1 3 2 1 1 2 1  2  1 1 1  _ 2 2 1 2  _ 1  _ 1  1  1  2 3 1 3 2 1 2 3 2  .1  1  1 1 1  1 1 1  4 1  3 1  1 1  1 1  “  1  1  -  1  — 1  1  -  Establishments having no specified minimum.................................................................................................  36  13  XXX  23  XXX  Establishments which did not employ workers in this category.........................................................................  110  28  XXX  82  XXX  1  1 1 1  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  22  1  2 1 1 2  1 1 1 1  1 2 2 3 4 3 2 7 1 5 2 4 2 3 1 1 1  _ 1  _ 1  1  1  1 2  1 2  1  1  3 1 1  1 1 1  5 1  3 1  1 1  2  1  ~ 1  1 1  2 2  3 1  1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2  1  1 1 1  “  1 1 1  1 -  -  1 1  XXX  59  20  XXX  39  XXX  XXX  XXX  65  14  XXX  51  XXX  XXX  :  .   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-2. Late-shlft pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 (All full-time manufacturing production and related workers = 100 percent) Workers on late shifts  All workers* Item Second shift  Third shift  Second shift  Third shift  Percent of workers 79.7  17.2  6.7  1.9 89.0 51.7 21.1 16.2  .4 79.2 42.5 20.6 16.2  .3 16.9 9.4 4.2 3.3  .1 6.7 5.2 .5 .9  21.3 8.8  33.2 13.1  20.7 7.9  35.5 14.2  90.9  Average pay differential  Percent of workers by type and amount of pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour:  3.6 8.3 8.3 8.6 3.3 _ _  3.6 2.3 5.1 4.3 4.2  _  _  2.1 4.2  _ _  9 10.9 3.5 4.1 3.3  7.5 hours plus 20 or 22 cents.............................................................................. 7.5 hours plus 35 or 40 cents........................... -.............................................  _  4.3 See footnotes at end of tables.  23  .1 9.9 2.8  _  5.2 2.0 12.8 1.2  Other differential:  _  _ 7.1 5.2 2.1  _  Uniform percentage:  3.6 5.4  _  6.2 1.2 2.0 11.2  .9 10.9 _  3.5 1.2 6.2  .2 1.1 2.4 1.9 1.4 .6 .8 -  2.6 .3 .7 .6 .3  .9  -  -  .7  1.7 .4 2.1 .3 1.5 .5 .5 .6  _  1.6  4.3  -  .2 .3  .9 .5 .2 .3 -  Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers In San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  T ransportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  100  100  100  1  2  Percent of workers by scheduled weekly hours and days All full-time workers............................................  100  100  100  30 hours-5 days....................................................... 32 hours-4 1 /2 days................................................ 35 hours-5 days........................................................ 35 8/10 hours-5 days.............................................. 36 hours-4 1 /2 days................................................ 36 1 /4 hours-5 days................................................ 37 1 /2 hours-5 days................................................ 38 3/4 hours-5 days................................................ 38 8/10 hours-5 days.............................................. 40 hours-5 days.......................................................  <■■)  _  <“)  100  100  _  3  9  -  -  15 1  _  _  9 2  _ 17  _ _ 38  81  80  82  _ _ 61  1 2 1 (») (”) 20 3 4 70  39.5  39.3  39.5  39.0  39.2  _  c)  1 _  (“) 19 14 66  20 3 3 70  83  39.3  39.2  39.6  Average scheduled weekly hours All weekly work schedules....................................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  24  Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers In San Franclsco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manufacturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanufacturing  All industries  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers 100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  <")  —  (■■)  -  (•■>  -  (“)  -  99  100  99  100  99  100  99  100  9.6  11.5  8.7  10.3  9.9  10.3  9.8  10.6  In establishments not providing In establishments providing  Average number of paid holidays For workers in establishments  .  Percent of workers by number of paid holidays provided  _  9 1  6 holidays................................................................. 7 holidays.................................................................  6 1 (■■) 4  1 <“>  6  —  —  8 holidays.................................................................  7  9 holidays.................................................................  _  -  _  —  19 (u) 28 <“) 19  6 1 25 _  38  -  11  _  -  -  -  -  4 “ ~ -  -  -  -  1 2 (") 11  7 2  -  -  “ -  65  -  (“) 13 1 21 13 25 (■■) 7 9 5 2  C1)  -  (“)  (n)  1 (•■)  2  1 <“>  4 (■■)  -  99 99 99 99 98 84 83 62 49 24 17 8 2 1 <")  100 100 100 100 100 100 100 94 94 28 28 28 8 4 <">  -  _  ”  -  ~  25  6  29 (■■) 10  62  5 1 36  —  -  19 11 27 <") 9 8 7 1  -  26 -  _  _  -  -  11  20  (“)  _  (■>) 2  _  4  c)  _  7 1 (■■> 1 (■■)  22 <-> 2 2 1  2  5  —  —  ~  99 94 93 92 88 81 81 62 62 34 15 15 4 4 2 2  100 100 100 99 98 98 98 92 92 67 29 29 9 9 5 5  99 91 89 89 83 72 72 48 48 19 9 9 2 1 <“)  100 100 96 96 96 96 96 90 90 28 28 28 5 3 1  99 99 99 99 97 85 84 65 54 27 18 10 2 1  100 100 100 93 91 91 91 86 85 48 22 22 2 2  c)  -  -  20  -  6  -  20 3  Percent of workers by total paid holiday time provided12  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers In San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  100  100  100  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers............................................ In establishments not providing paid vacations....................................................... In establishments providing paid vacations....................................................... Length-of-time payment...................................... Percentage payment..........................................  100  100  100  100  100  c)  -  1  1  (■•)  -  <■■>  -  99 95 4  100 87 13  99 99  99 99  100 100  -  99 96 4  100 100  -  99 97 3  2 30 1 O')  5 23 2 1  _ 34 <*■>  42  8 49 2 1 (■■)  2 52 7 1 1  14 (“) 83 1 1 <")  10  Amount of paid vacation after:13  6 months of service: Under 1 week.................................................. 1 week............................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks............................. 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................  _ _  “  -  -  1 year of service: 1 week............................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks............................. 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................  38 3 56 1 1 O')  43 9 46 2  36  4  _ 61 1 2 1  87 2 4 2  2 years of service: 1 week............................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks............................. 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................  3 2 89 2 2 (•■)  7 7 80 6  3 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................  <■■> 91 4 4 ("> 1  85 11 4  4 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................  (>■) 87 5 6 (■■) 1  -  -  -  -  74 15 11 -  -  _  2  _  _ 94 1 3 1  91 2 4 2  <■■) 93  _ 87  _ 3 1 2  4 2 6  -  -  (■■) 93  _ 84  4 1 2  _ 7 2 6  _  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  26  3 («) 92 2 2 co  85 3 1  1 1 94 3 1  3 86 2 9  83 3 12  (“) c)  1  3 84 2 10  _ 81 3 14  _  _  (“) <■■>  _  49  15 (") 83  78  1 <")  1  4 92 3 <■■>  1  4 86  97  8  2  1  1  4 85 1 10 1  1  93 6 1  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued Office workers  Production and related workers Item  Manufactoring  All industries  5 years of service: (»)  -  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanufacturing  (-)  — 46  _  41 3 52 1 3  48 10 38 1 3  37 59 1 3  45 2 6  _  _  -  (“)  — 59 3 34 2  10 years of service: (“)  1 4 64 7 24  5 1 73 3 17 (») (») (■■)  _ _ _  12 years of service: (u)  -  _  7 77 1 13 1 1 1  2  c*)  — 53  _  1 4 56 12 27  5 1 68 5 19 1 (“) c)  _ _ _  73 1 16 1 1 1  39 5 2  (,l) 4 21 3 67 3 1 (■■) c)  —  _  24 9 58 5 4 _ _  20 years of sen/ice:  Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. .......................  (“) 4 12 2 54 2 24 2 (») (■■)  — _  9 7 47 4 30 4 _ _  (“) 7 19  3  71 2  89 5  _  2  1 1  -  (“> 7 13  51  57 <") 21 1 1 1  44 2 2  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Transportation and utilities  — 3 26 1 67 1 2 <">  — 39 4 53 1 2 1  4 24 1 69 c) 2  80  -  -  3 <■•>  c)  4 <”)  76 2 17  63 5 31  78 2 15  87 2 11  <■■) (■■>  1  c) O')  1  3 <">  — (■■)  4 O')  72 4 20 (") c) o*>  50 10 39  75 3 18 O') O') O')  1  19 1  86 11 2 1  *  15 years of service:  Over 4 and under 5 weeks  7  All industries  27  3 16 1 73 1 4 (■■) <")  21  -  4 16 1 73 1 5 O') O')  3 5 1 78 1 11  1 3 72 2 20  4 6 O') 79 1 10  ~  (■■) c)  1  O') O')  1  -  14 5 79 1 1  77 2 1 -  -  -  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 —Continued Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  25 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks........................................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks............................. 6 weeks........................................................... Over 6 and under 7 weeks.............................  <") 4 11 1 35 1 35 2 9 <”)  7 4 36 2 34 6 10  30 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks........................................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks............................. 6 weeks........................................................... Over 6 and under 7 weeks............................. 7 weeks...........................................................  <") 4 11 1 35 c) 33 1 6 2 6  7 4 36  (■■> 4 11 1 35 <"> 30 1 9 <") 6 1  7 4 36  Maximum vacation available: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks........................................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks............................. 6 weeks........................................................... Over 6 and under 7 weeks............................. 7 weeks........................................................... Over 7 and under 8 weeks............................. Over 9 weeks..................................................  “  -  29 2 18 4 -  29 2 18 4  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  <"> 7 13  _ _ _ 8  34 (■■) 36 1 9 1  59 2 29 2  c) 7 13  _ _ _ 8  34 (■■) 35 1 1 1 8  _ 59 2 _ 2 29  c*) 7 13  _  _ 3 5 n 51 1 37 1 1 O’)  _ 3 5 (■■) 51 <■■) 33 1 5 c1) 1  34 (•>) 31 1 5 1 8  44 2 15 2 29  _ 3 5 <") 51 <“) 29 o') 6 1 1  -  ”  3  _ _ 8  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  All industries  28  _  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  _  _  _  _ 50 3 42 2 1 1  4 6 (») 52 (“) 36 1 1 <")  _  _  _  4 6 (») 52 (") 32 1 4 (“) 1  1  1 _ 45 _ 38 1 14 1 -  Transportation and utilities  8 86 5 1  8 86  1 5  _ _  1 _  45 _  32 1 20 1 _ _  -  4 6 (■■) 52 <") 29  _  8 _  71  _  _  4 1 1  16 1 5  _  3  -  Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers In San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers............................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  >00  In establishments providing at least one of the benefits shown below14.......................................................  99  100  99  100  99  100  99  100  Life insurance.......................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  94 83  100 97  92 76  100 97  99 87  99 89  99 87  100 98  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  84 73  87 83  83 69  82 82  91 80  86 70  92 81  84 82  85  76  89  98  97  95  97  96  39 32  36 34  40 31  59 59  41 35  35 32  42 36  47 47  57  39  66  93  89  89  89  96  14  16  13  1  7  1  8  -  Long-term disability insurance.............................................................. Noncontributory plans.......................................  34 25  35 29  34 24  42 42  66 51  65 45  66 52  64 64  In establishments providing at least one of the health insurance plans shown below'6....................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  99 87  100 96  98 83  100 97  99 66  100 89  99 63  100 98  Hospitalization insurance...................................... Noncontributory plans......................................  99 84  100 92  98 81  100 97  99 64  100 83  99 61  100 98  Surgical insurance................................................ Noncontributory plans.......................................  99 84  100 92  98 81  100 97  99 64  100 83  99 61  100 98  Medical insurance................................................ Noncontributory plans.......................................  99 84  100 92  98 81  100 97  99 64  100 83  99 61  100 98  Major medical insurance...................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  97 83  95 86  98 81  100 97  99 63  100 82  99 61  100 98  Dental insurance................................................... Noncontributory plans......................................  92 78  92 80  92 78  93 90  92 59  89 70  92 57  96 94  Health maintenance organization............................ Noncontributory plans......................................  66 57  69 65  65 53  82 58  62 36  63 54  61 33  83 44  Retirement pension.................................................. Noncontributory plans......................................  87 84  93 88  83 82  93 90  84 81  94 79  83 81  79 77  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both15.......................................... Sickness and accident insurance........................................................ Noncontributory plans....................................... Sick leave (full pay and no waiting period)................................................. Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period).................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  29  Table B-7. Health plan participation by full-time workers in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Office workers Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers............................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  Hospitalization insurance.......................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  70 58  68 64  71 55  66 63  73 49  70 64  74 46  62 60  Surgical insurance.................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  70 58  68 64  71 55  66 63  73 49  70 64  74 46  62 60  Medical insurance.................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  70 58  68 64  71 55  66 63  73 49  70 64  74 46  62 60  Major medical insurance.......................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  69 57  66 62  71 55  66 63  73 49  70 63  74 46  62 60  Dental insurance...................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  87 77  88 78  86 76  92 89  84 58  85 67  84 56  95 92  Health maintenance organization............................ Noncontributory plans.......................................  28 25  32 30  27 23  34 22  25 13  29 24  24 12  38 18  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  30  Footnotes 10 Less than 0.05 percent. 11 Less than 0.5 percent. 12 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2 half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated. 13 Includes payments other than “length of time,” such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service. “ Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. “Noncontributory plans” include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workers' disability compensation, social security, and railroad retirement. 13 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days’ pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded. 18 Unduplicated total of workers eligible for coverage under an insurance plan providing hospitalization, sugical, medical, major medical, or dental benefits shown separately.  Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin. 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. ' Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available. 7 Formally established minimum regular straight-time hiring salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported. 3 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger. 8 Includes all production and related workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical  Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks2 Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II  Secretaries Stenographers I Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  Electronic data processing  Computer systems analysts, I, II, and HI   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and III  Industrial nurses  Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance  Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The resultexpressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Pay relationships in establishments Tables A-8 through A-11 compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences. The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-l 1:  1- Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified. 2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishment’s contribution to the totals used in this comparison. 3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provi­ sions is studied for full-time production and related workers and office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant’s own use (e.g., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely associated with the above production operations. (Cafeteria and route workers are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting, advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel, sales, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation. Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well as construction workers utilized as a separate work force are excluded from both the production and office worker categories. Minimum entrance salaries (table B-l). Minimum entrance salaries for office workers  relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establishments are more likely than small establish­ ments to have formal entrance rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies in medium and large establishments. (The “X’s” shown under specific weekly schedules indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.) Shift differentials-manufacturing (table B-2). Data were collected on policies of  manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12 months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the most common schedule is recorded. For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening) shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at or near midnight.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately for (1) establish­ ment policies (an establishment’s differentials are weighted by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey) and (2) effective practices (an establish­ ment’s differentials are weighted by production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey). Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the production or office workers in an  establishment are considered to apply to all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays, vacations, and health and insurance plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Pension plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible. Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B-3). Scheduled weekly hours and days refer to  the number of hours and days per week which full-time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at straight- time or overtime rates. Paid holidays (table B-4). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work  are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Paid personal holiday plans, typically found in the automobile and related industries, are included as paid holidays. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated). Paid vacations (table B-5). Establishments report their method of calculating vacation  pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and “extended” or “sabbatical” benefits beyond basic plans are excluded. For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings, for example, is tabulated as 1 week’s vacation pay. Also, provisions after each specified length of service are related to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits. Health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6). Health, insurance, and pension plans  include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization. This year, for the first time in this  and hospital expenses. Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity.  area, provisions for health maintenance organizations (HMO’s) are treated separately from insurance provisions. Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establishment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available to a majority). Legally required plans such as social security, railroad retirement, workers’ disability compensation, and temporary disability insurance3 are excluded. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $50 a week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide for continuing an employee’s pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by social security, workers’ disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered. Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons’ fees. Medical insurance covers doctors’ fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor’s care for minor ailments at a worker’s place of employment are not considered to be medical insurance. Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a “deductible” (e.g., $100) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g., $10,000 a year). Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits, usually for fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported. An HMO provides comprehensive health care services to a specified group for fixed periodic payments rather than indemnification or reimbursement for medical, surgical,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Health plan participation (table B-7). Estimates are presented on the percent of  production and office workers participating in selected health insurance and HMO plans. When an establishment was unable to supply the number of plan participants, approximations (imputations) were made, where possible, by using information from other establishments offering a similar plan. Imputations were never made for more than one-third of the production or clerical workers in an industry group (all industries, manufacturing, nonmanufacturing, and transportation and utilities); when imputations were made, they were usually for considerably less than one-third of the workers. Participation rates were estimated and published if participant numbers (including imputations) were available for 90 percent or more of the production or office workers in an industry group; consequently, a published estimate may not relate to a group total. 1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor. 3 A revised 4-level job description for accounting clerks, being introduced in this survey, is not comparable to the previous 2-level description. Earnings of workers that could be compared to the previous overall level were used in wage trend computations. 3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.  State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers pay the difference between the employees’ share and the total contribution required. Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided. Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance. 4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  35  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.,1 March 1981 Number of establishments  Industry division2  Minimum employment in establishments in scope of survey  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey  Within scope of survey3  Studied  Total4 Number  Percent  Studied4  Full-time production and related workers  Full-time office workers  All establishments All divisions........................................................................................ Manufacturing............................................................................................ Nonmanufacturing...................................................................................... Transportation, communication, and other public utilities5........................................................................... Wholesale trade..................................................................................... Retail trade............................................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate...................................................... Services7................................................................................................  -  1,895  182  546,062  100  197,675  136,890  184,754  100 -  358 1,537  51 131  111,759 434,303  20 80  63,956 133,719  18,663 118,227  39,067 145,687  100 50 100 50 50  93 356 220 305 563  21 22 15 23 50  87,008 35,760 109,478 105,576 96,481  16 7 20 19 18  38,309 C) C)  23,305 (*) (•) (•)  64,532 4,780 15,028 45,442 15,905  -  176  57  297,307  100  97,831  83,658  163,485  500  43 133  20 37  51,232 246,075  17 83  25,230 72,601  9,408 74,250  32,385 131,100  21 8 56 28 20  11 4 7 8 7  73,507 6,314 84,299 62,671 19,284  25 2 28 21 6  31,941 («)  19,127 (#) (•) («)  62,501 3,093 13,762 42,868 8,876  c) c)  «  Large establishments All divisions........................................................................................ Manufacturing............................................................................................ Nonmanufacturing...................................................................................... Transportation, communication, and other public utilities8........................................................................... Wholesale trade.................................................................................... Retail trade............................................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate....................................................... Services7................................................................................................  500 500 500 500 500  Budget through February 1974, consists of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, and San Mateo Counties. The ‘‘workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. * The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual'Has used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  0 o  («)  «  categories. 8 Abbreviated to “transportation and utilities” in the A- and B-series tables. Formerly referred to as "public utilities". Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. The local transit systems in the area are municipally operated and excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. 6 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A- and B-series tables, but the division is represented in the 'all industries’ and "nonmanufacturing” estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  36  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agree­ ments, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1981 Production and related workers  Office workers  Appendix table 3. Industrial composition in manufacturing, San FranciscoOakland, Calif., March 1981 (Percent of all manufacturing workers)  Industry division  All industries......................................... ........ ........ Nonmanufacturing............................. ........ Transportation and utilities............................................ ........  72 83 68  24 5 27  97  92  NOTE: An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than half of their production or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements, because small establish­ ments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Food and kindred products.............................................................. 15 Chemicals and allied products.......................................................... 11 Machinery, except electrical............................................................ 11 Office and computing machines.................................................. 5 Electric and electronic equipment.................................................. 10 Transportation equipment.................................................................. 8 Motor vehicles and equipment.................................................... 5 Printing and publishing...................................................................... 8 Fabricated metal products............... 8 Petroleum and coal products............................................................ 6 Petroleum refining.......................................................................... 6 Primary metal industries.................................................................... 6 Apparel and other textile products................................................. 5 NOTE: This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe materials compiled before actual survey.  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded. Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced in this survey: Stenographer Typist Accounting clerk  Drafter Stationary engineer Boiler tender  The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator, bookkeeping-machine operator, and machine biller.  Office SECRETARY Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics.  Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  a.  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f-  Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS)  LS-1 a. b.  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR)  LS-2 a.  b.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LS-3 a. b.  c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g,, a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b. c.  d. e.  b.  c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  cy. . . Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a.  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­  c. d.  e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LR-1  LS-1...................................................................... LS-2...................................................................... LS-3..................................................................... LS-4.....................................................................  LR-2  I II Ill IV  II HI IV V  STENOGRAPHER Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings. (If primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-machine typist.) NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works as the principal office assistant performing more responsible and discretionary tasks. Stenographer I. Takes and transcribes dictation under close supervision and detailed instructions. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. Stenographer II. Takes and transcribes dictation determining the most appropriate format. Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I. Supervisor typically provides general instructions. Work requires a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organizations, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; answering routine questions, etc. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST Uses a manual, electric, or automatic typewriter to type various materials. Included are automatic typewriters that are used only to record text and update and reproduce previously typed items from magnetic cards or tape. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Excluded from this definition is work that involves: a. b.  Typing directly from spoken material that has been recorded on disks, cylinders, belts, tapes, or other similar media; The use of varitype machines, composing equipment, or automatic equip­ ment in preparing material for printing; and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  c.  Familiarity with specialized terminology in various keyboard commands to manipulate or edit the recorded text to accomplish revisions, or to perform tasks such as extracting and listing items from the text, or transmitting text to other terminals, or using “sort” commands to have the machine reorder material. Typically requires the use of automatic equipment which may be either computer linked or have a programmable memory so that material can be organized in regularly used formats or preformed paragraphs which can then be coded and stored for future use in letters or documents.  Typist I Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. Typist II Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. FILE CLERK Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: File Clerk I Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk II Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk III Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. MESSENGER Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following:  Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Order Clerk I Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. Order Clerk II Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations. ACCOUNTING CLERK Performs one or more accounting tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; balancing and reconciling accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  distribution codes; examining and verifying the clerical accuracy of various types of reports, lists, calculations, postings, etc.; preparing journal vouchers; or making entries or adjustments to accounts. Levels I and II require a basic knowledge of routine clerical methods and office practices and procedures as they relate to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. Levels III and IV require a knowledge and understanding of the established and standardized bookkeeping and accounting proce­ dures and techniques used in an accounting system, or a segment of an accounting system, where there are few variations in the types of transactions handled. In addition, some jobs at each level may require a basic knowledge and understanding of the terminology, codes, and processes used in an automated accounting system. Accounting Clerk I Performs very simple and routine accounting clerical operations, for example, recognizing and comparing easily identified numbers and codes on similar and repetitive accounting documents, verifying mathematical accuracy, and identifying discrepancies and bringing them to the supervisor’s attention. Supervisor gives clear and detailed instructions for specific assignments. Employee refers to supervisor all matters not covered by instructions. Work is closely controlled and reviewed in detail for accuracy, adequacy, and adherence to instructions. Accounting Clerk II Performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as: Examining, verifying, and correcting accounting transactions to ensure completeness and accuracy of data and proper identification of accounts, and checking that expenditures will not exceed obligations in specified accounts; totaling, balancing, and reconciling collection vouchers; posting data to transaction sheets where employee identifies proper accounts and items to be posted; and coding documents in accordance with a chart (listing) of accounts. Employee follows specific and detailed accounting procedures. Completed work is reviewed for accuracy and compliance with procedures. Accounting Clerk III Uses a knowledge of double entry bookkeeping in performing one or more of the following: Posts actions to journals, identifying subsidiary accounts affected and debit and credit entries to be made and assigning proper codes; reviews computer printouts against manually maintained journals, detecting and correcting erroneous postings, and preparing documents to adjust accounting classifications and other data; or reviews lists of transactions rejected by an automated system, determining reasons for rejections, and preparing necessary correcting material. On routine assignments, employee selects and applies established procedures and techniques. Detailed instructions are provided for difficult or unusual assignments. Completed work and methods used are reviewed for technical accuracy. Accounting Clerk IV Maintains journals or subsidiary ledgers of an accounting system and balances and reconciles accounts. Typical duties include one or both of the following: Reviews invoices and statements (verifying information, ensuring sufficient funds have been obligated, and if questionable, resolving with the submitting unit, determining accounts involved, coding transactions, and processing material through data processing for  application in the accounting system); and/or analyzes and reconciles computer printouts with operating unit reports (contacting units and researching causes of discrepancies, and taking action to ensure that accounts balance). Employee resolves problems in recurring assignments in accordance with previous training and experience. Supervisor provides suggestions for handling unusual or nonrecurring transactions. Conformance with requirements and technical soundness of completed work are reviewed by the supervisor or are controlled by mechanisms built into the accounting system.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  NOTE: Excluded from level IV are positions responsible for maintaining either a general ledger or a general ledger in combination with subsidiary accounts. PAYROLL CLERK Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls.  Computer Systems Analyst I Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  KEY ENTRY OPERATOR Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Computer Systems Analyst II Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Key Entry Operator I Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information. Key Entry Operator II Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I.  Computer Systems Analyst III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)  NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  42  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows: Computer Programmer I Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures. Computer Programmer II Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer Programmer III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER OPERATOR In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: ab. c. d. e. fg.  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operator, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows: Computer Operator I Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  Computer Operator II In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollates, bursters, separators, or similar equipment.  Computer Operator III In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following;  DRAFTER  a.  b. c. d-  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: ab. c. d. e. f.  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes.  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, procedures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and informa­ tion in support of engineering functions. The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. cd. e.  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.  Drafter III Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Drafter IV Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Drafter V Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Electronics Technician I Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved. Electronics Technician II Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Electronics Technician III Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  following-. Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY) Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE CARPENTER Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE PAINTER Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following-. Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MACHINIST Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE) Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops. MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MILLWRIGHT Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER ' Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM) Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops. TOOL AND DIE MAKER Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers). STATIONARY ENGINEER Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  Truckdriver, light truck  (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck  (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver  WAREHOUSEMAN As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator).  ORDER FILLER Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer  SHIPPER AND RECEIVER Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  SHIPPING PACKER Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons.  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:  Guard II Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons.  Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift)  GUARD Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:  JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in  Guard I Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  window washing are excluded.  49  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic Occupation designation designation (currently used) (previously use Secretary...................................................... I E II D III C IV B V A  Occupation Computer systems analyst (business)  II III  Computer programmer (business) Stenographer.................................. ............  I II  General Senior  Typist............................................... ............  1 II  B A  I II III  C B A  Order clerk..................................... ............  I II  B A  Accounting clerk.......................... ............  I II III IV  (not comparable)  I II  B A  File clerk.....................................................  Key entry operator...................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Numeric designation (currently used) I  I II III  Computer operator  Drafter  Electronics technician  Guard  I II III I II III IV V  C B A  c  B A  (not comparable)  I II III  C B A  I  B A  II  50  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies fast from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.  Jj-U.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1981 - 341-265/169   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del.-N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO AVAILABLE—  An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980, $4.00 a  copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request.  Area Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept.1980'............................................................. Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1980............................................ Atlanta, Ga., May 1980 .................................................................................................... Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1980 ............................................................................................. Billings, Mont., July 1980'............................................................................................... Boston, Mass., Aug. 1980 ............................................................................................... Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1980 ................................................................................................. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1980 ......................................................................... Chicago, 111., May 1980'.................................................................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1980 ..................................................................... Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1980'........................................................................................... Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1980............................................................................................. Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1980 ...................................................................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1980'......................................................................... Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—III., Feb. 1981 ................................... Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1980' ............................................................................................... Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1980' .................................................................................. Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1980' ........................................................................... Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1981 ............................................................................................... Fresno, Calif,, June 1980' ............................................................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1980'.......................................................................................... Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind.,Nov. 1980'................................................ Green Bay, Wis., July 1980 ............................................................................................. Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1980'............................ Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1980 ................................................................ Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1980'.......................................................................................... Houston, Tex., Apr. 1980'............................................................................................... Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1981 ............................................................................................. Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1980.......................................................................................... Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1981 ............................................................................................. .. Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1980 .......................................................................................... Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1980 ........................................................................... Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1980 ........................................................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1980'..................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin number and price* 3000-45 3000-62 3000-21 3000-38 3000-31 3000-40 3000-52 3000-44 3000-26 3000-32 3000-46 3000-48 3000-28 3000-67 3010- 7 3000-64 3000-33 3000-68 3010-12 3000-30 3000-55 3000-56 3000-22 3000-50 3000-16 3000-19 3000-18 3010- 5 300047 3010- 4 3000-66 3000-42 3000-63 3000-65  $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $3.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.00 $1.75 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $3.25 $2.75 $2.00 $2.00 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1980................................................................. 3000-59 Miami, Fla., Oct. 1980 ....................................................................................................... 3000-51 Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1980 ............................................................................................ 3000-10 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1981'..................................................... 3010- 1 Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1980 ................................................................................ 3000-29 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1981 .................................................................................................. 3010- 3 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1980 ............................................................................................ 3000-58 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1980 ................................................................................ 3000-24 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1980........................... 3000-20 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1980 .............................................................................. 3000-37 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1980'................................................................................ 3000-41 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1980'................................................................................ 3000-57 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1980'.......................................................... 3000-34 Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1980.............................................................................. 3000-53 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981 ................................................................................................ 3010- 2 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1980.............................................................................................. 3000-61 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1980' ............................................................................ 3000-49 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1980'..................................................................................... 3000-35 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1980'...................................... 3000-39 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1980............................... 3000-27 Richmond, Va., June 1980'.............................................................................................. 3000-23 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1981....................................................................................... 3010- 8 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1980'....................................................................................... 3000-70 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1980 ............................................................................................. 3000-54 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1980 ................................................................... 3000-60 San Antonio, Tex., May 1980'......................................................................................... 3000-17 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1980'......................................................................................... 3000-71 San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1981' ............................................................ 3010-13 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1981' ........................................................................................... 3010-10 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1980 .............................................................................. 3000-69 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1980 ........................................................................................... 3000-36 Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1980 ................................................................................... 3000-13 Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1980 .................................................................................................. 3000-43 Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1981' ............................................................... 3010-6 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1981 ................................................................................................ 3010-11 Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1980'......................................................................................... 3000-25 York, Pa., Feb. 1981'......................................................................................................... 3010-9  Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $3.75 $2.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.50 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2,75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $3.00 $3.00 $1.75 $1.75 $1.75 $1.75 $3.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.75  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor Third Class Mail  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  U.S.MAIL  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region i  Region II  Region III  Region  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, N Y 10036 Phone 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street. P O Box 13309 Philadelphia, Pa 19101 Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St., N E Atlanta. Ga 30367 Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hamoshire Rhode Island Vermont  New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Region  V  9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, ill 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312) Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  IV  Region VI  Regions VII and VIII  Region*  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas. Tex 75202 Phone 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St . 15th Roor Kansas City. Mo 64106 Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave Box 36017 San Francisco Calif 94102 Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawan Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington  IX and X
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102