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/ J. 3: ■
Area
Wage
Survey

San Francisco—Oakland,
California, Metropolitan Area,
March 1978

Bulletin 2025-10
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

as**1

&
, g fl*

p-




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a March 1978 survey of occupa­
tional earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the San Francisco—
Oakland, California, Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea. The survey
was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage
survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
San Francisco, C alif., under the general direction of Milton Keenan,
Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations.
The survey could not have
been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firm s whose wage
and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this
bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the
cooperation received.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be
reproduced without permission of the Federal Government. Please credit




the Bureau of
publication.

Labor Statistics

and

cite the name and

number

of

this

Note:
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage
benefits in the San Francisco—
Oakland area are available for the contract
cleaning (July 1977) and refuse hauling (March 1978) industries. Also
available for the San Francisco—
Oakland area are listings of union wage
rates for building trades, printing tra d e s, local-transit operating em ployees,
local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies
of these are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover
for addresses.)

Area
Wage
Survey

San Francisco—Oakland,
California, Metropolitan Area,
March 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

June 1978
Bulletin 2025-10
I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________

2

T ables— Continued
E a rn in g s , l a r g e establish m en ts—
Continued
A - 12. H o u rly earn in gs o f m a te ria l

T ables:
A.
A - 1.
A - 2.
A - 3.

A - 4.

A - 5.
A- 6.

A - 7.

W e e k ly e a rn in gs o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . , .
W e e kly earn in gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , by s e x
H o u rly e a rn in gs o f m a in te n a nce ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e rp la nt
w orkers
H ourly earn in gs o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cu sto d ia l w o r k e r s . . .
A v e r a g e h o u rly earn in gs o f
m a in te n a n ce , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u st o d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a ve ra ge
h o u r ly ea rn in gs , adjusted f o r
e m p lo y m e n t shif ts, f o r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l groups

E a rn in gs, la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A -8.
W e e k ly earn in gs o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __
W e e k ly earn in gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
A - 9.
and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s
A - 10. A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , by s e x
A - 11. H o urly e a rn in gs o f m a in te n a n ce ,
t o o l r o o m , and po w e rp la n t
w orkers

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




3
A - 13.
6

w o r k e r s _____________________________
A v e r a g e h o u rly earnings of
m a in te n a n ce , t o o l r o o m , po w e rplant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t, and
cu stodia l w o r k e r s , bv s e x

22

23

8
B.
10
11

13

14
15

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a ry w a g e p r o v is io n s ;
M in im u m e ntrance sa la rie s f o r
B - 1.
in e x p e r ie n c e d ty pists and c l e r k s ___ 24
L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v is io n s f o r
B -2.
f u l l - t i m e manufacturing
p r o d u c tio n and related w o r k e r s .... 25
Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days of
B -3.
f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s _______ 26
Annual paid holidays fo r f u ll- ti m e
B -4.
w orkers
. ... .. 27
Pa id va ca tio n p r o v is io n s for
B -5.
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ________ ____ _ _ 28
Health, in su ra n ce , and pen sion
B -6.
31
plans f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s
L if e in su rance plans, for
B -7.
32
full-tim e w ork ers

18
Appendix A.
A pp end ix B.
20

21

S cop e and m ethod o f s\irvey
O cc u pa tiona l d e s c r i p ti o n s

35
40

Introduction
This area is 1 of 75 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bu­
reau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and re­
lated benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area,
occupational earnings data (A -se r ie s tables) are collected annually.
Infor­
mation on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B series tables) is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com ­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and re ­
gional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii.

Table A-l provides percent changes in average hourly earnings of
office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades w orkers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing
and nonmanufacturing separately.
Data are not presented for skilled main­
tenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers em ­
ployed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant
separate presentation.
This table provides a measure of wage trends after
elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts
among establishments as well as turnover of establishments included in
survey samples.
For further details, see appendix A.
B -series

table s

A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The program develops information that may be used for many purposes,
including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and a s ­
sistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the
U.S. Department of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service
Contract Act of 1965.

Th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p is ts a n d c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; and data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u l e d w e e k l y h o u rs and days o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a ­
t i o n s ; health, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on li f e i n s u r a n c e p la n s.

A -se r ie s tables

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
wage survey p rogra m .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a ' s in d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and l a b o r management agreem ent cov era g e.

Tables A - l through A -6 provide estimates of straight-tim e weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A - 8 through A - 13 provide sim ilar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or more.




A ppendixes

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t i o n .

used by Bureau

field e c o n ­

A.

E a r n in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
Occupation an d industry division

NnmKa.
of
wotkers

Average
weekly

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we e k l y earnings of-*

s

(standard) Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

s

s

s

*

s

s

$

s

S

s

s

t

s

$

S

$

S

and
110

110

120

130

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

-

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

120

130

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

-

14
14
"

50
35
15
-

30
13
17
-

55 2 1418
103
271
449 1147
3
33

1659
340
1319
76

962
324
6 38
36

787
188
599
124

422
184
238
83

30 5
78
227
68

254
105
149
38

279
30
249
190

152
75
77
54

25
5
20
14

23

*

9
1
8
8

4
4
4

2
~
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1
-

16
4
12
-

61
61
4

75
22
53
-

55
22
33
5

66
16
50
13

50
7
43
-

34
10
24
2

15
7
8
-

9
2
7
5

8
8

8
8
8

4
4
4

2
2
2

-

6
6

90
10
80
2

261
32
229
18

295
86
209
11

193
48
145
20

106
45
61
19

12 5
23
102
8

91
52
39
8

33
11
22
10

103
62
41
29

6
6
2

_
*

1
1

_
-

-

137
6
131
3

417
70
347
5

508
115
393
22

257
96
161
19

319
55
264
96

162
86
76
48

47
9
38
25

49
6
43
8

61
7
54
33

8
5
3

10
3
7
7

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

581
94
487

606
104
502

288
116
172

164
52
112

75
19
56

48
30
18

14
4
10

146
2
144

26
1
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

218
27
19 1

-

-

-

-

-

20
13
7

18 5
70
115

321
92
229
18

25 0
85
165
36

52
26
26

30
11
19

18

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

18
18

42
28
14
14

4

-

19
12
7
7

27 0
19
25 1
5

126
11
115
6

117
8
109
12

41
4
37
18

30
2
28
28

10
9
1

87
19
68
68

21
5
16
16
3

440

ALL W O R K E R S
$
39 .0 2 3 0 . 0 0
39 .0 2 3 4 . 5 0
39 .0 22 8 . 0 0
39 .5 2 8 8 . 0 0

$
21 7. 00
22 7. 00
215.00
28 7. 50

$
$
195.50-254.00
200.00-267.00
195.50-253.00
253.00-339.00

409
95
314
51

39 . 0
39 .5
39 .0
39 .5

282.50
279.00
283.50
346.00

27 8. 50
27 8. 50
2 7 8. 50
377.00

241.50-305.00
255.50-303.50
241.50-305.00
285.00-410.00

_
-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

1. 31 0
370
940
127

39 . 0
39 .0
39 .5
39 .5

253.50
273.00
245.50
282.00

24 0. 00
264.50
235.00
266.50

218.50-282.00
229.00-317.50
215.00-268.00
241.50-334.00

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S # C L A S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

1.997
458
1.539
266

39 . 0
39 .0
39 .0
38 .5

227.50
233.50
226.00
266.00

216.00 1 9 6 . 5 0 - 2 5 3 . 5 0
225.00 2 0 7 . 0 0 - 2 6 0 . 0 0
21 3. 00 1 9 6 . 0 0 - 2 5 3 . 5 0
254.00 2 5 3 . 0 0 - 2 8 3 . 0 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S D -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

2.169
449
1.720

38.5 2 2 1 . 5 0 208.00 1 9 4 . 5 0 - 2 3 6 . 0 0
39 .0 22 3 . 5 0 219.00 1 9 7 . 5 0 - 2 3 7 . 0 0
38 .5 2 2 1 . 0 0 207.00 1 9 1 . 5 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

1.005
386
619
97

39.5
39 .5
39.5
38 .5

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

6.947
1.766
5.181
741

S E C R E T A R I E S # C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

~
-

-

_

-

-

-

7

*
-

-

-

-

~

39.5 19 9. 00 183.50 1 6 5 . 5 0 - 2 1 7 . 0 0
39.5 2 3 4 . 0 0 225.00 1 8 6 . 5 0 - 2 8 7 . 5 0
39 .5 19 5 . 5 0 181.00 1 6 4 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0
39 . 5 2 6 5 . 5 0 287 .00 2 3 4 . 5 0 - 2 8 8 . 5 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

181
148

40 . 0 2 0 0 . 0 0 19 5.50
40 . 0 18 9. 50 187.50

155.50-240.50
154.00-228.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

581
5 37

40 . 0
40 . 0

164.50-217.00
164.00-213.00

TRA NSC R I B I N G - M A C H I N E T Y P I S T S
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

139
102

39 .0 20 3 . 0 0
39.5 21 2 . 0 0

T Y P I S T S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

-

-

14
14

-

825
77
748
160

-

4

-

~

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

_

-

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

71

-

*

-

15
15

13
13

19
19

22
17

26
23

24
17

12
12

23
23

4

-

4
4

-

14
3

-

2
2

-

_

-

14
14

52
52

24 1
227

93
85

44
43

29
25

7
5

6
1

73
65

18
16

4
4

1
1

5
5

33
12

46
30

15
15

26
26

2
2

6
6

3
3

2
2

-

-

304
29
275

241
38
203

415
126
28 9
12

274
91
183
17

328
124
204
35

108
14
94
22

22
1
21
10

12

44
1
43
11

4

12

i

-

3
3

25 2
72
18 0
1

142
31
111
1

240
81
159
8

68
13
55
14

6

1
-

1

38
1
37
5

4

i

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.227
446
1.781
133

39 .0 17 2. 00 164.50 1 4 2 . 5 0 - 1 9 7 . 0 0
39 .5 1 8 1. 50 182.50 1 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 0 5 . 0 0
39 .0 16 9 . 5 0 159.50 141 . 0 0 - 1 9 4 . 5 0
39 . 0 2 3 3 . 5 0 223.00 2 0 3 . 5 0 - 2 7 5 . 5 0

-

1.138
209
9 29
44

39 .0 18 3. 00 175.00 1 5 4 . 0 0 - 2 0 6 . 0 0
39 .0 1 9 1. 50 195.50 1 6 7 . 0 0 - 2 0 6 . 0 0
39 .0 18 1. 00 172.50 1 4 9 . 5 0 - 2 0 6 . 0 0
40 .0 2 6 2 . 5 0 235.50 2 2 3 . 0 0 - 3 2 1 . 0 0

-

-

27

102
102
_

112
4
108

248
16
232

4
4

67
-

67

3

174
5
169

129
3
126

i

-

12
11

6
6

-

-

-

_

"

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

12

1
1

i

3
3

*

4
4

15

—

-

8

-

71

192.50 1 7 7 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . 0 0
216.00 1 9 0 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . 0 0

-

-

27

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le s .




50
35
15

*

-

3
-

~

_

177.00
175.00

-

~

-

2 0 0 . 5 0 19 3.50 1 7 7 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0
2 0 0 . 0 0 195.00 1 7 1 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 5 0
2 0 0 . 5 0 193.00 1 8 1 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0
2 4 6 . 5 0 218.50 2 1 3 . 0 0 - 2 9 3 . 0 0

19 9 . 0 0
19 7. 00

7

23
8

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978— Continued
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rec eiving straight-time we ek ly earning s of—
$

$

s

of
workers

$

$

$

s

S

$

s

110

120

130

140

150

16 0

180

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

110

Occupation and industry division

120

130

140

150

160

180

200

220

102

108
4
104
*

181
16
165
"

130
24
106
“

112
35
77

153
54
99
i

117
60
57
1

68
43
25
7

100
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

200

$

%

220

$
28 0

s

*

s

s

%

24 0

260

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

40
1
39
8

6
6
-

11
11
11

6
6
6

-

77
23
54
5

6
6
6

23
8
15
15

311
1
310
31

9
9
9

30
30

-

-

-

-

-

*

%

$

-

300

3 20

380

400

42 0

-

340

-

-

-

-

380

400

420

440

460

360

440

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
TYPISTS - CO NTINUED
T Y PI ST S. C L A S S 8 -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.034
237
797
34

$
$
39 .0 15 8. 50 149.50
39 .5 17 2. 50 170.00
39 . 0 1 5 4. 50 14 2. 50
4 0 . 0 2 4 7 . 0 0 24 9. 50

$
$
132.50-175.00
153.50-190.00
129.00-169.00
216.00-275.50

-

FI L E C L E R K S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.5 76
95
1.481
96

39.0 1 7 7 . 5 0 152.00 1 3 2 . 5 0 - 2 1 1 . 0 0
39 . 0 17 7 . 5 0 159.00 1 4 6 . 0 0 - 2 1 1 . 0 0
39 .0 1 7 7. 50 149.50 1 3 2 . 5 0 - 2 1 8 . 0 0
39.5 2 7 6 . 0 0 27 8. 00 2 5 3 . 5 0 - 3 0 1 . 0 0

12
12
-

75
75
-

203
4
199
*

311
9
302
-

182
17
165
-

65
20
45
-

16 2
16 2
-

110
13
97

200.00-265.00

-

-

4

15

17

7

56

7

62

-

5

284

-

14

-

-

-

78
78
-

58
54
-

82
80
-

29
27
-

105
105
-

79
74
-

15
15
5

6
6
6

18
10
10

19
18
18

7
7
7

16
16
16

-

-

-

2
2

“

-

-

-

FILE C L E R K S .

C L A S S A ---------------

471

39 .0 2 3 5 . 0 0

26 5. 00

102

-

30

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

527
505
62

38 .5
38 .5
39 .5

17 0 . 5 0 161.00 1 3 8 . 0 0 - 1 8 8 . 5 0
16 9 . 5 0 157.50 1 3 6 . 5 0 - 1 8 8 . 5 0
2 7 0 . 5 0 27 8. 00 2 4 0 . 5 0 - 3 0 0 . 5 0

-

15
15
-

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

578
529

38 .5
38 .5

13 7 . 5 0
13 5 . 5 0

1 3 2. 50
13 2. 50

123.00-141.50
121 .0 0 - 1 3 8 . 0 0

12
12

60
60

121
117

238
233

83
69

29
11

1
1

24
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1. 22 5
161
1.064

37.5
38 .5
37 .5

171.50
15 8 . 5 0
17 3. 50

174.00
153.00
175.00

142.50-197.50
148.00-161.50
138.00-197.50

-

44
44

105
105

147
22
125

79
48
31

101
39
62

227
34
193

32 2
5
317

168
9
159

14
1
13

15
15

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

653
609

39 .0
39 . 0

172.50
170.50

159.00
159.00

155.50-173.50
155.50-171.50

-

-

-

-

25
25

27
27

27
27

266
265

17 1
149

50
45

26
20

8
7

11
7

20
20

13
8

9
9

SWITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

968
270
698
55

39 .0 1 8 2 . 0 0 16 7. 00 1 5 8 . 0 0 - 1 9 5 . 5 0
39 .5 1 8 3. 50 175.00 1 6 1 . 0 0 - 1 9 7 . 5 0
38 .5 1 8 1. 00 160.50 1 4 9 . 5 0 - 1 9 1 . 0 0
39 .0 2 6 8 . 5 0 32 1.00 2 0 5 . 0 0 - 3 2 9 . 0 0

-

7
7
-

7
7
-

55
15
40
3

148
12
136
-

61
9
52
-

341
112
229
"

116
48
68
-

124
34
90
20

11
11
-

9
8
1
-

5
5
"

55
13
42
4

OR DE R C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1.092
599
493

39 .5 2 1 0 . 5 0 20 0. 00
39 .0 2 3 1 . 5 0 22 0. 50
39.5 18 5 . 0 0 17 2 . 5 0

172.50-241.50
190.00-271.00
158.50-226.50

36
36

-

36
36

18
18

9
3
6

42
6
36

228
66
162

176
144
32

117
75
42

153
127
26

49
15
34

101
36
65

61
61

OR OE R C L E R K S . CL A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

471
315
156

39 .5 22 9 . 0 0 22 4 . 0 0
39 .5 2 3 8 . 5 0 22 4. 00
4 0 . 0 2 1 0 . 0 0 20 7 . 0 0

190.00-246.00
193.50-271.00
184.00-233.00

_

-

-

6
6
-

51
27
24

77
45
32

76
36
40

119
93
26

42
8
34

28
28

-

3
3
-

35
35

-

-

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

611
284
327

39 .0 1 9 7. 00
38 .5 2 2 4 . 0 0
39 . 5 1 7 3 . 5 0

180.50
20 1.50
167.00

161.00-228.00
184.00-249.50
138.00-172.50

36

-

36

18

36

-

36

18

6
6

36
36

167
39
128

99
99
-

41
39
2

34
34
-

7
7
-

66
1
65

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

5. 0 1 b
1.617
3.401
564

39 . 0
39 . 5
39 . 0
40 .0

2 1 0 . 0 0 20 0. 00
2 1 5 . 0 0 21 3 . 0 0
20 8 . 0 0 19 4. 50
2 8 1 . 5 0 31 8. 50

172.50-236.00
178.50-238.00
165.50-236.00
227.00-335.00

-

28
28
-

37
37
-

1 37
25
112
"

279
66
213
-

260
49
211
-

944
300
6*»4
12

756
180
576
12

763
260
503
86

725
342
383
103

273
126
147
42

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

2.663
959
1.704
284

39 . 0 2 2 8 . 5 0 21 8. 50
39 .5 22 5 . 0 0 2 2 9. 00
39 .0 23 0 . 5 0 21 3. 00
39 . 5 30 7 . 0 0 33 5. 00

190.00-247.00
201.50-242.50
184.00-260.00
239.50-347.00

-

-

-

35
35

-

47
9
38

25 9
101
158

542
114
428

475
184
291
45

526
291
235
28

216
121
95

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




4

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
“

_
-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

"

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
i
-

28
28
28

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

ii
ii

14
14
“

25
25
-

3
3
“

10
10
-

3
3
"

-

-

ii
ii

“

10
10

-

10
10
-

3
3
-

-

-

33
33
-

-

14
14

15
15
“

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
80
13

19 0
135
55
1

297
37
260
89

150
14
136
136

86
3
83
83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

73
61
12

70
39
31
1

210
25
185
14

124
11
113
113

86
3
83
83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—

M ___

Average
weekly

S

of
woikers

(standard) Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

X

s

s

s

S

s

$

x

s

$

S

$

s

S

S

$

s

t

$

i

100
and
under

110

120

130

140

150

160

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

Occupation and industry division

120

130

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

-

28
28
-

37
37
-

102
25
77
-

279
66
213
-

213
40
173
-

67 1
199
47 2
12

207
66
141
12

288
76
212
41

183
35
148
75

57
5
52
42

20
19
1
”

120
96
24
“

87
12
75
75

26
3
23
23

-

*
-

“

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

2
-

“

19
19

“

“

-

-

50
50

-

-

26
26

-

-

16
15

-

-

19
19

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

440

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS - CONTINUED
$
$
$
$
39 . 0 18 9 . 5 0 175.00 1 5 5 . 5 0 - 2 0 7 . 0 0
39 .5 19 9 . 5 0 17 9. 50 1 6 1 . 5 0 - 2 2 2 . 0 0
39 . 0 18 5 . 5 0 174.50 1 5 3 . 5 0 - 2 0 2 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 5 5 . 5 0 23 7. 50 2 2 3 . 0 0 - 3 1 8 . 5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

2.318
642
1.676
280

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
O P E R A T O R S ---N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

132
129

39 .0 2 1 7 . 5 0 22 1.00
39 . 0 2 1 7 . 0 0 22 1. 00

195.00-226.00
195.00-226.00

M A C H I N E B I L L E R S -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

245
239

39 .0 21 6 . 5 0
39 . 0 2 1 7 . 5 0

174.50
174.50

174.50-301.00
174.50-301.00

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

~

"

31
31

40
40

-

-

17
17

_

-

15 1
15 1

-

-

3
-

_

-

“

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

894
287
607
73

39 .5 2 2 1 . 5 0
39 .0 2 2 7 . 0 0
39.5 21 9 . 0 0
40 .0 3 2 7 . 5 0

21 0. 00
217.00
21 0. 00
33 7. 00

184.00-249.50
183.00-269.00
194.00-247.50
333.00-339.00

24
24
-

*

-

6
6
-

27
22
5
-

16
16
-

128
38
90
-

158
55
103
-

147
32
115
-

100
24
76
7

98
24
74
-

54
41
13
“

29
Id
11

17
9
8
-

78
24
54
54

12
12
12

-

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

3. 30 8
543
2. 7 6 5
688

2 1 4 . 0 0 213.00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
2 0 3 . 0 0 191.00 1 8 1 . 5 0 - 2 1 9 . 5 0
21 6 . 5 0 21 7. 00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
2 6 5 . 5 0 28 6. 00 2 3 5 . 5 0 - 2 8 6 . 0 0

-

2
2
-

-

102
102
-

74
21
53

69
3
66
-

42 5
105
32 0
20

75 5
211
544
29

483
68
415
64

739
60
679
71

160
15
145
114

107
20
87
38

25 8
35
22 3
22 3

98
98
98

36
5
31
31

-

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

9 36
179
757

39.5 2 2 2 . 0 0 20 7.00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 4 9 . 5 0
39 .0 2 1 6 . 5 0 210.50 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 3 7 . 5 0
39 .5 2 2 3 . 5 0 201.50 184 . 0 0 - 2 5 6 . 0 0

-

-

-

~

20
20

143
29
114

268
41
227

152
35
117

99
34
65

35
10
25

79
20
59

11
2
9

98

-

3
3
-

28
5
23

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

2. 3 5 4
364
1. 99 0
517

38 .0 21 1 . 5 0 21 4. 00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
39 . 0 19 6 . 5 0 189.00 1 7 9 . 0 0 - 2 0 3 . 5 0
38 . 0 21 4 . 0 0 219.00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
40 .0 25 4 . 5 0 26 0. 00 2 3 1 . 5 0 - 2 8 6 . 0 0

-

2
2

102

54
21
33

66
66

26 4
76
188
19

487
170
317
24

331
33
298
58

640
26
614
60

125
5
120
106

28
28
28

247
33
214
214

38 .5
39 . 0
38 .5
40 . 0

-

-

102

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




5

98
-

8
~
8
8

~
“
”

-

”

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

”

~

-

-

-

Table A-2.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation an d industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

$

$
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

S

s

$

$

s

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

s

$

$

$

s

%

140

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

34 0

36 0

380

400

42 0

44 0

480

52 0

56 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

38 0

4 00

4 20

44 0

4 80

52 0

560

600

640

1

and
under

140

1

2
2
“

19

-

130

600

43
2
41

59
59
“

44
13
31

143
14
129
9

97
15
82
15

153
40
113
9

208
41
167
36

17 0
50
12 0
7

175
49
126
15

146
33
113
22

103
44
59
10

134
63
71
25

105
64
41
14

38
23
15
3

6
5
1
1

1
1
-

_

_
-

_

_
“

_
-

~

_
~

2
1
1

25
1
24

55
2
53

72
6
66

81
6
75

105
21
84

74
13
61

61
21
40

73
25
48

80
41
39

38
23
15

6
5
i

1
1
”

_

16

36
6
30

128
8
120

70
13
57

89
37
52

121
30
91

77
3d
39

57
21
36

60
16
44

36
20
16

61
38
23

25
23
2

_

_
-

_

16

*8
48

_

-

ALL W O R K E R S
COHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUS IN ES S* ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.647
457
1.190
166

39 . 5
39 . 5
40.0
39 . 5

$
370.00
410.00
355.00
394.00

$
$
$
3 6 7. 00 3 2 2 . 0 0 - 4 1 4 . 0 0
4 0 3. 00 3 5 2 . 0 0 - 4 7 0 . 0 0
354.50 30 5. 00 -4 00 .5 0
39 1 . 0 0 3 4 5 . 0 0 - 4 4 3 . 0 0

-

19

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) • C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

673
166
507

39 .5 4 1 2 . 0 0 3 9 9. 00 3 6 4 . 5 0 - 4 5 0 . 5 0
39 . 5 4 5 7 . 5 0 4 5 9 . 0 0 4 1 3 . 0 0 - 5 0 4 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 3 9 7 . 0 0 39 1. 00 3 5 6 . 5 0 - 4 2 5 . 5 0

_
~

~

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

824
250
5 74

39 . 5 3 4 8 . 5 0
39 . 5 3 8 9 . 0 0
39 . 5 33 0 . 5 0

34 5 . 0 0 2 9 3 . 5 0 - 3 9 1 . 0 0
3 7 9. 00 3 3 8 . 0 0 - 4 3 8 . 0 0
32 6 . 0 0 2 8 7 . 5 0 - 3 6 8 . 0 0

_

_

_

_

~

”

~

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

131
90

39 . 5 2 9 8 . 5 0 2 7 6 . 0 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 3 6 6 . 5 0
39 .5 2 7 8 . 0 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 3 5 4 . 5 0

_

1
1

2
2

18
18

27
25

10
10

8
1

8
3

2
1

5
4

13
8

9
3

12
5

12
8

4
i

~

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

9 76
176
800
172

39 . 0 3 0 7 . 5 0
39 . 0 3 0 2 . 5 0
39 . 0 3 0 8 . 5 0
39 .5 3 4 2 . 0 0

29 1 . 0 0
30 5 . 5 0
29 1 . 0 0
35 0 . 5 0

263.00-347.50
255.50-345.00
264.50-349.00
271.00-391.50

64
16
48
21

146
26
120
18

155
14
141
9

73
27
46
10

108
17
91
8

85
20
65
24

46
5
41
21

48
14
34
21

45
45
13

21
3
18
8

14
1
13
9

COMPUTER PROG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS A -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

215
196

39 . 0 3 8 4 . 5 0 38 4 . 5 0
39 . 0 3 8 5 . 5 0 38 6 . 0 0

345.00-416.50
345.00-415.00

_
~

7
7

15
11

6
3

22
21

18
18

29
29

27
22

42
42

21
18

CO MP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
CL AS S B -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

617
129
488
76

39 . 0 2 9 5 . 0 0 2 8 7 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 30 7 . 5 0 31 0 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 2 9 2 . 0 0 28 2 . 0 0
39 . 5 3 3 0 . 0 0 34 1 . 0 0

36
13
23
“

125
26
99
15

129
10
119
6

58
23
35
9

84
16
68
6

67
20
47
24

17
5
12
6

21
9
12
7

3
3
3

11
11
3

9
8
1

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
3
4
2

63
3
60
25

40
i
39
4

CO MP UT ER PROG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
CL A S S C -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

144
116
37

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.657
228
1.429
161

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

209
161

C O H P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.038
163
875
119

See fo o tn o te s

233.00
252.00
230.00
288.00

248.50
249.50
248.50
279.00

-

-

-

-

~

“

33
7
26

124
24
100
7

_

_

_

_

“

10
1
9
2

3
1
2
1

i
i
“

14
13

10
9

3
2

i
1

“

_
-

_
“

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_

6
2
4
4

4
i
3
3

2
i
i
i

1

-

-

-

-

_

264.50-324.50
271.50-345.00
264.50-322.00
299.00-356.00

_

_

_

"

"
"

_
”

226.50-259.00
226.50-266.50
241.50-259.00

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

26
19

54
37
7

28
25
21

14
14
3

23 0 . 0 0 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 7 1 . 5 0
247.50 21 8. 50 -2 73 .0 0
23 0. 00 1 7 2 . 5 0 - 2 6 9 . 0 0
27 1 . 5 0 2 5 3 . 5 0 - 3 1 9 . 0 0

*
-

263
263
-

126
9
117

91
8
83

202
46
156
5

282
39
243
18

198
29
169
45

136
53
83
21

158
10
148
11

78
22
56
22

-

-

-

-

~

“

31
28

42
32

6
4

3
-

4
4

4
4

3
3

2
1

76
76

52
6
46

127
7
120
4

36
12
24
20

1
1

60
60
25

36

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

23 4 . 5 0
242.50
23 1 . 5 0
25 3 . 5 0

213.00-283.50
219.50-270.00
210.50-299.00
250.00-319.00

-

-

*

-

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




'

_
“

~

~

6

7
~
7
“

70
7
63
"

4
“

20
18

31
21

58
46

183
37
146
5

2 33
36
197
18

155
19
136
45

76
41
35
2

1

35

"

"

_

39 . 5 2 8 4 . 5 0 2 7 6 . 0 0 2 5 9 . 0 0 - 3 0 6 . 5 0
40.0 265.00 278.50 260.00 -3 07 .0 0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39 . 5

-

~

_

39 .5 2 4 4 . 0 0 23 0 . 0 0
39 .5 2 4 7 . 5 0 24 1 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 5 7 . 0 0 25 3 . 0 0
39.5
39 . 0
40.0
39 .5

_

_
-

1

-

-

_

'

-

“

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

Table A-2.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Number
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

woricen

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard) Mean2

s

s

Median2

Middle range 2

s

s

%

%

s

S

%

s

s

$

$

s

t

s

$

$

$

$

%

140

160

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

4 40

480

520

560

600

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

4 80

520

560

600

640

263

130

50

39

15

29

12

2
118
64
54

87
39
48

176
56
120

26
6
20

89
36
53

15
3
12

7

9

-

-

-

-

*

7

8
1

16
1
15

89
36
53

7

9

-

7
7

"

~

-

-

-

and
140

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUEO
COMPUTER OPERATORS -

CONTINUED
4 0 .0

$
1 6 7 .0 0

$
1 4 9 .5 0

$
$
1 4 9 .5 0 - 1 7 6 .5 0

DRAFTERS ------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1 .2 5 9
701
558

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 8 4 .0 0
2 7 2 .5 0
2 9 8 .5 0

2 8 7 .5 0
2 7 0 .5 0
311 .5 0

2 3 5 .5 0 - 3 4 1 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 - 3 0 6 .0 0
2 4 4 .5 0 - 3 5 1 .5 0

6
6

67
26
41

41
25
16

35
29
6

55
34
21

127
85
42

143
9 1
52

139
120
19

119
73
46

D R A F T E R S * C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

465

4 0 .0

3 2 7 .0 0

3 2 3 .5 0

2 8 5 .5 0 - 3 8 8 .0 0

-

-

-

1

3

36

23

48

57

39

56

297
168
66

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 5 .0 0
3 4 8 .0 0

3 0 5 .0 0
3 6 5 .0 0

-

-

-

1

3

20
16

14
9

47
1

52
5

29
10

3 9 1 .5 0

3 8 9 .0 0

2 7 8 .0 0 - 3 5 2 .0 0
3 2 2 .0 0 - 3 8 9 .0 0
3 8 9 .0 0 - 3 9 1 .0 0

33
23
2

66
50
16
3

4

44

15
3
12
6

D R A F T E R S * C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

502

4 0 .0

2 8 9 .5 0

2 9 0 .0 0

2 4 7 .5 0 - 3 3 6 .0 0

-

46

74

29

110

10

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 3 .0 0
3 1 3 .5 0

2 5 9 .0 0
3 2 2 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 - 2 7 9 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0 - 3 5 1 .5 0

87
65
22

63

242
260

52
42
10

53
10

11
35

31
43

6
23

6
104

5
5

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N 6 ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

246
161
85
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 1 4 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 2 4 .5 0
2 4 6 .5 0

2 1 7 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0
2 4 8 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 4 8 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0 - 2 5 7 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0 - 2 6 2 .5 0

22
13
9
2

36
22

31
12

2

19
16

16
10
6
5

5

14
9

28
20
8

-

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

48
28

37

51

71

39

34

12

10

50

-

-

-

-

-

214

6

14

50

27

10

6

5

50

~

~

~

“

“

19
2

25

39

26

16

17

6

10

50

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

5

4

8

6

5

50

~

~

~

~

16
13

27
26

12
3

12
9

45
45

18

17

6

-

-

4

18

2

“

-

5
2

4

15

6

18

19

9

1

i

-

-

10

5

13

16

4

1

i

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S AN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

489

o

A 10

o

C L A S S C ------

COMPUTER OPERATORS*

4 0 .0

~

-

-

-

-

32
26
6
3

41
25
16

26

5

6
6

5

18
8

27
23
4

-

3 0 6 .0 0

3 0 7 .0 0

2 5 0 .0 0 - 3 4 7 .5 0

-

3

2

15

16

77

24

3 4 2 .5 0

3 3 9 .5 0

3 0 7 .0 0 - 4 0 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

5

13

1

8

219

4 0 .0

3 4 1 .5 0

3 2 6 .0 0

2 9 9 .5 0 - 4 0 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2

88

4 0 .0

3 9 0 .5 0

4 2 0 .0 0

3 7 2 .5 0 - 4 2 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

2 6 6 .0 0
3 3 2 .0 0

2 2 8 .0 0 - 3 3 9 .5 0

-

-

-

15

11

2 7 0 .5 0 - 3 3 9 .5 0

-

-

-

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S BN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

254

4 0 .0

2 7 9 .0 0

120

4 0 .0

3 0 8 .5 0

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

78

3 9 .5

3 0 2 .5 0

3 1 0 .5 0

2 7 1 .0 0 - 3 2 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

52

3 9 .5

3 0 7 .0 0

3 1 1 .5 0

2 8 3 .0 0 - 3 2 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

Se e footnotes at end of tables.




7

75

4

“
-

“

"
“

-

-

-

~

"

-

~

8
1

-

“

~

~

-

4
i

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

~

~

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
A v era g e
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

W eekly
hours
(standard]

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

819
68
751

37 . 5 1 7 0 . 5 0
38 . 0 1 6 0 . 5 0
37 .5 1 7 1 . 5 0

OR D E R C L E R K S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

202
120

39 . 5 2 5 4 . 0 0
39.5 2 8 2 . 0 0

121

*
P
o
o

ORDER

CLERKS.

CLASS

A

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS:
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C L A S S A:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

81
59

262.50

39.0 241.00
39 .5 2 5 2 . 5 0

146

39 .5

251.00

56

40.0

331.50

90

39 .0 2 5 8 . 5 0

29

40.0 343.00

P A Y R O L L C L ER KS :
:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

nonmanufacturing

29

40 . 0

338.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

761
77
684

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

181
148

40 . 0 20 0 . 0 0
40 .0 18 9. 50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E NI OR ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

517
473

40 .0 18 7. 50
40 .0 18 4. 50

T Y P I S T S -------

129

39 .0 20 0. 50

T Y P I S T S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

2. 05 0
4 39
1.611

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

6* 5 9 0
1.764
4. 82 6
699

39 .0
39 .0
39.0
39 .0

230.50
234.50
229.00
287.00

SE CR ETARIES. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

396
95
301
51

39 . 0
39 .5
39 . 0
39 .5

281.00
279.00
281.50
346.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----nonmanufacturing —
PUBLIC UTILITIES •

1*209
370
8 39
124

39 .5 2 5 5 . 0 0
39 . 0 2 7 3 . 0 0
39 .5 2 4 7 . 0 0
39 .5 2 8 0 . 5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES •

1.869
457
1.412
252

39 .0 2 2 8 . 5 0
39 . 0 2 3 3 . 5 0
39 .0 2 2 7 . 0 0
38 .5 2 6 3 . 5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S D
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —

2. 11 8
448
1.670

38 .5
39 .0
38 . 5

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING

941
386
555

222.50
223.50
222.00

39 .5 1 9 9 . 5 0
39 .5 2 0 0 . 0 0
39 .5 1 9 9 . 5 0

Se x,3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

OF FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOMEN— CONTINUED

1 02

39 .0
39.5
39.0
39.0

17 0.50
1 8 2. 00
16 7. 00
23 4 . 5 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.063
209
854
39

39 .0
39.0
39 .0
40.0

18 1. 00
19 1. 50
17 8.50
25 9. 50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

947
230
717

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

O F F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N




W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
39.5 19 1.50
39.5 23 4 . 0 0
39.5 18 6. 50

file

See fo o tn o te s

Weekly
hours
(standard)

OF FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOMEN— CONTINUED

O F F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN
M E S S E N G E R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

A vera g e
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

39 .0 15 7. 00
39.5 17 3. 00
39.0 15 1 . 5 0

clerks

39.0

18 4.00

38.5 17 3. 50
39.0 15 7. 00
38 .0 17 8. 50

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

627
585

39 .0 17 0. 00
39.0 16 8. 00

S W I T C H 8 0 A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I STSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

8 39
270
569
55

39 .0
39.5
38.5
39 .0

OR D E R C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

89 0
479
411

39.5 2 0 0. 50
39.0 21 9. 00
39.5 17 9. 50
39.5 21 7. 50
39.5 221 .00

OR DE R C L E R K S . CL A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------OR DE R C L E R K S . CL A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

225
305

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

.471
.862
508

at e n d o f t a b l e s .

8

1 8 5. 00
18 3. 50
18 6. 00
26 8. 50

39.0 19 0. 00
38.5 21 6. 00
39.5 1 7 1. 00
39.0
39.5
39.0
40 .0

20 9. 50
21 1. 50
20 8 . 5 0
2 7 6. 00

C O U N T I N G CLERKS - CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

CLASS B

O P E R A T O R S ----

2 • 216
869
1.347
255

$
39.0 230.00
39.5 221.50
39.0 235.50
39.5 303.00

2. 08 8
594
1.494

39 . 0 1 8 8 . 0 0
39.0 196.50
39.0 185.00

82

39.0

215.00

NONMANUFACTURING

227
221

39.0 207.50
39.0 208.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -PUBLIC UTILITIES

776
247
5 29
44

39.5 215.50
39.0 220.00
39.5 213.50
40.0 320.00

2. 88 4
534
2.350

38.0 213.00
39.0 203.00
38.0 215.00

178

39.0 217.00

2. 10 6
356
1. 75 0

38 . 0 2 0 8 . 0 0
39.0 196.50
37 . 5 2 1 0 . 0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S) ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

1.207
374
833
120

39 . 5 3 7 8 . 5 0
39 . 5 4 1 2 . 5 0
40.0 363.50
39 . 5 4 0 1 . 0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

538
146
392

40.0
39 . 5
40.0

413.00
457 .50
396.50

571
196

39 . 5
39 .5

357.50
389.50

62

39.5

371.50

98
66

39 .5 3 1 3 . 0 0
39.5 297.00

MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
KEY EN TR Y O P E R A T O R S .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----KEY EN T R Y O P E R A T O R S .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --

C L A S S B ----

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----COMPUTER SYST EM S ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

Table A-3.

Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,

in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978 — Continued
A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

( m ean^ )
Number
of

W eekly
hours
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

106

$
39 . 0 31 5 . 0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

1 .036
156
878

60 . 0 2 3 8. 00
39 .0 25 6 . 5 0
6 0 . 0 23 5 . 0 0

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

156
111

29 0. 50
29 5 . 5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

691

38.5

31 7 . 5 0

&

o o
o o

1.026
651

680
213

$
39 .5 2 1 1 . 5 0
39.5 2 0 6 . 5 0
60.0
<*0 . 0

307.50
363.00

60.0 361.50
<»0 . 0 3 9 0 . 5 0

ELECTRONICS

266
120

60.0 281.50
HU • U 3 0 8 . 5 0

C L A S S B-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS):
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ----------------------------------

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

629
296

6 0 . 0 32 2 . 0 0
39 .5 31 5 . 0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONHANUFACTURING

615
226
191

60 . 0 2 8 7 . 0 0
60 . 0 26 6 . 5 0
60 . 0 3 1 6 . 0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

ano

56

39.5

70

39.5 2 8 6. 00

53

39.5

technical

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S) - C O N T I N U E D
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B!
MANUFACTURING
CO MP UT ER PROG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS)!
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
C L A S S B!

(BUSINESS).

83

116
96

39 . 0 3 9 8 . 0 0

39 .5 6 0 1 . 5 0
60.0 389.00

589
72
517

39.5 22 0. 50
39 .0 26 6 . 5 0
39.5 2 1 7. 00

CO MP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

17 5. 00
28 8 . 5 0
275.50

W eekly
hours
(standard)

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO M E N

o o
o o
a ^
-

177

101

181
130

219
88

TECHNICIANS.

of
workers

professional

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S AN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

o
o

590

39 .5 26 3 . 5 0
39 .0 25 2 . 5 0
6 0 . 0 26 2 . 0 0

-------------------------------------------

Number

OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

DRAFTERS - CONTINUED

NONMANUFACTURING




W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

o
C
O

76

D R A F T E R S --------MANUFACTURING

of
workers

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS!.
CLASS b :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S Cl
N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

Number

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OC CUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N — C O N T I N U E D
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S < B U S I N E S S )I
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

O
in

Sex. 3 occupation, and industry division

327
62
265

39.5 25 5. 50
39 .0 26 5. 00
39 .5 2 5 8. 00

50

39.5 2 3 0. 50

76
51

39.5 30 2. 00
39.5 30 5. 50

D R AF TE RS !
MANUFACTURING
REGISTERED

----------------------------------------------------

INDUSTRIAL

NURSES

----------------

Table A-4.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in San Francisco

Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Hourly earnings *

Occupation an d industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
s
4 .0 0

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

4 .2 0

-

s
4 .4 0

-

s
4 .6 0

-

s
4 .8 0

-

$
5 .0 0

-

s
5 .2 0

-

s
5 .4 0

-

$

$

5 .6 0 6 . 0 0

-

-

-

$
6 .8 0

-

s
7 .2 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

s
7 .6 0

7 .6 0

29

15
12

29

6 .8 0

*

$

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

-

-

-

-

7 .2 0

2

4 .4 0

6 .4 0

s
6 .4 0

2

s
8 .8 0

%

9 .2 0

-

-

-

~5---*
t
t
9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 . 2 0

4 .8 0

-

-

and

-

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

4
4

~

2
2

3

“

-

72

3

4 .6 0

8 .0 0

3

4 .2 0

all

*

56
16

34
21
13
13

38
22
16

18
12
6

54
52
2

-

-

-

i
-

2
2

84
76

16

-

13
12

over

workers

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

141
64
77

$
8.80
9. 0 8
8.57

$
9. 3 2
9. 32
9. 3 2

$
$
7 . 3 1 - 9.87
8 . 7 7 - 9.55
6 . 9 9 - 9.88

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

575
365
210
161

9. 0 8
8. 98
9. 2 4
9. 5 6

9. 46
9. 32
9.81
9.81

8.198.118.989.46-

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

124
93

9.10
9. 1 6

9. 15
9.15

9 . 1 0 - 9. 15
9 . 1 5 - 9.15

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

593
513

9.56
9. 5 4

9.81
9.61

9.32-10.20
9.32-10.46

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY! M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.117
975
142
133

8. 4 2
8. 3 8
8. 6 7
8. 6 8

8. 35
8.35
8.54
8.54

7.447. 3 1 7. 8 3 7. 8 3 -

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

7 54
158
5 96
486

9. 6 7
9. 4 7
9.72
9. 64

9. 45
9.48
9.45
9.45

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

163
136

9. 2 9
9. 1 8

9.81
9.50
9.81
9.81
1
1

-

7
2

_

-

50
30
20
167
117
50
41

24
3
21
132
25
107
107

13
13

2

2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

55
55

-

8
8

84
84

1
1

7
6

12
11

10
10

144
134

111
43

82
82

62
62

72
72

186
186

178
156
22
19

120
91
29
29

111
95
16
16

29
8
21
19

157
157

152
149
3

1 44

40
40

_

_

_

-

-

~

“

9.45-10.02
9.02-10.44
9.45-10.02
9 . 4 5 - 9.89

22
22

1

114
55
59
59

56

-

1

17
11
6

2

-

9.48
9. 32

9 . 3 2 - 9.57
9 . 3 2 - 9.57

17
17

-

i

-

9. 32
9.32
9.88
9.89

2

1

~

93
51
50

71
7
64
59

304
44
260
235

96
6
90
72

71
10
61
61

2
2

119
116

24

-

-

-

_
~
*

-

-

-

-

-

53

-

3

W O R K E R S ---

69

8. 96

9.46

7. 5 5 -

9.46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

1

34

6

-

-

-

4

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

110
58

6. 8 1
6. 1 9

7.01
7.01

5. 84 - 7.69
5 . 1 6 - 7.01

4
4

2

3

3
3

-

-

28
28

-

45

5

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

2
2

8

3

2
2

6

2

2
2

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

50
50

9. 21
9. 21

9.48
9.48

8 . 5 1 - 9.98
8 . 5 1 - 9.98

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

14
14

4
4

8
8

18
18

-

_

-

-

10 . 5 3 10 .9 6
10.57 10 . 9 6

9.61-10.96
10.06-10.96

6
6

-

2
2

36
35

41
29

6
6

9.49
9.39
9.49

9 . 3 9 - 9. 68
8.84-10.11
9 . 4 3 - 9.68

15
13
2

14
11
3

22
22

186
24
162

97
24
73

MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL

TOOL AND DIE M A K E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

308
295

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

422
157
265

9.32
9. 3 5
9. 31

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

i

10

2
2

5
5

10
9
1

5
5

12
12

-

"

-

31
31

165
165

21
21

54
54

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in San Francisco—

Oakland, Calif., March 1978
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

Occupation an d industry division

Number
of
workers

1
J
I---- s
1 ----- 5
T ---- ■ ---- %
2.60 2 .80 3.00 3.20 3. 4 0 3.60 3.80 4. 2 0
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

t
■J----- 1----- r---- 5
4. 6 0 5. 0 0 5.40 5.80 6 . 2 0

6.60

s
$
$
7.00 7. 4 0 7. 80 8. 2 0

6.20 6. 6 0

7.00

7.40 7. 80

4
4
-

24
1
23
16

45
11
34
4

22
15
7
7

%

8.60

s
s
*
$
9.00 9. 4 0 9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0

9. 00

9.40 9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6 0

%

and
under
2.80

3 .00

3.20 3. 40

3. 60

12

24

12

24

30
30

3.80 4. 2 0 4. 60

5. 00 5. 4 0

5.80

8. 20

8. 60

AL L W O R K E R S
T R U C K O R I V E R S ---------------------------' M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------TRUCKORIVERS*

LIGHT

T R U C K --------

6. *29
1*430
4. 99 9
3.202

$
8.62
8.40
8. 6 8
8. 8 3

$
8.80
8.12
8. 83
8.83

$
8. 7 1 7.968. 7 1 8. 8 0 -

$
8.96
8.95
8. 9 6
8. 96

268

4.98

5.21

4. 32 - 5.21

-

-

12

24

-

-

-

_
-

“

“

-

T R U C K O R I V E R S * M E D I U M T R U C K ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.528
1.277
9/92

8. 4 1
8.53
8. 7 7

8.80
8.80
8. 80

8.66- 8. 83
8. 80 - 8. 8 3
8. 80 - 8. 8 3

T R U C K O R I V E R S * H E A V Y T R U C K -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1*121
83
1.038

8. 7 6
8. 6 5
8.76

8.71
8.83
8.71

8. 71 - 8. 83
8. 3 9 - 8.83
8. 71 - 8. 83

T R U C K O R I V E R S * T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

3. 29 0
1.029
2.261
1.278

8. 9 6
8.61
9.12
8. 9 0

8.96
8.71
8.96
8.96

8. 78 7.968.7 88.8 3-

8. 96
8.96
8. 96
8.96

S H I P P E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

125
79

7.21
6. 8 9

7.60
7.16

6.906. 11 -

8.00
7.19

-

-

-

-

R E C E I V E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

289
69
220

6.83
6. 5 6
6.92

7.60
6.57
7.60

5.505.555. 50 -

7.65
7.65
7.60

-

-

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

5 38
219
319

6. 1 9
7. 0 0
5. 6 3

6.15
7.14
5.00

4. 60 - 7.14
6. 15 - 7.14
4. 60 - 6. 62

-

-

6
6

3

-

2
2
~

”

”

-

-

*

-

-

14
3
11

-

1
1

-

-

-

6
6
-

7
7
7

218
-

-

3
3
-

3
3
-

17
17
1

*

495
495

11
11

30
30

29
-

30
14

4
3

~

-

-

-

-

-

60
60
"

10
10
10

-

-

19 1087
4 10 79
959
-

8
8
-

12
12
"

97 3
45
928

122
12
110

-

-

52 2093
15
362
37 1731
28 1228

69
68
1
1

29
9
20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

455

7
5
2

8
i
7

8
3
5

113
13
100

55
14
41

1
1

-

-

-

-

56
1
55

89
4
85

73
1
72

38
36
2

20
14
6

24
11
13

11

99
99
-

47
14
33

7
3
4

62
25
37

7
7
-

4
4
-

_
-

-

37
36
1

1
1

89

-

1

10
10

-

_
-

76
20
56

1387
85
1302

6
2
4

16
16
-

2
2
"

_
-

160
160

80
80

~

-

-

72
72

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

12

-

-

-

296
292

17

“

~

-

-

100
100

265
265

-

31
30
1
“

1
1

122
120
2
”

40
22
18

28
12
16

183
122
61

72
42
30
2

38
11
27
-

688
261
6 27
433

461
36
425
154

70
70
70

119
1 19
119

_
-

_
*

_
-

-

-

-

30
30
“

30
30

354
354
~

144
144
-

24
18
6

921
461
460

215
187
28

101
101
-

65
24
41

-

“

34
15
19

85
85

30
30

243 1006
243 1006
*
-

226
1
225

195
1
19 «

42
28
14

18
18
-

21
13
8

41
37
4

3

55
40
15
14

94
36
58
58

33
33

9
9

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
“

-

-

-

“
-

-

7. 35
6. 7 0
7. 6 5
7. 88

7.58
6.64
7.63
7.63

7.3 35.517.417.41-

7.85
7.68
8. 05
8.15

-

-

_
-

_
“

“

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

722

6
6
-

247

309
6
303
-

-

~

~

240
240

80
80

455

11
9
2

-

2.053
656
1.397
7 78




17
17
16

34
11
23

“

h a n d l i n g l a b o r e r s ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

-

38
38
*

17
17

-

247
-

4

21
10
11

-

-

722
-

19

80
80

455

-

-

4.14
7.66
4.14
7.59

7

4
“

455

_

“

3. 18 6. 18 3.107.40-

-

39
9
30
30

3
3

7.43- 10 . 1 8
7.43- 10 . 1 8

3.77
7.03
3.64
7.59

6

251
80
171
111

“

7.98
9.46

3. 86
6.63
3. 68
7. 48

-

-

111 4333
70
415
41 3918
28 30 06

-

8. 4 2
8.43

3.511
211
3. 30 0
74

32
26
“

727
727

14
14

762
729

G U A R D S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

9

44
44

2
2

-

O R O E R F I L L E R S -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

6.646.447.50-

41
6
35

“

“

2
2

.

7.63- 7.67
6.16- 7.60
7.67- 7.67

7.50
7.47
7.50

22
22

-

-

7.67
7.55
7.67

7. 4 7
7. 2 3
7. 94

”

150

*

~

7. 6 6
6.72
7. 7 5

2.033
1.364
669

172

-

1.865
171
1.694

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

-

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

7.79
7.79
7.89

172

6

-

-

-

-

”

"
_

6
6
-

6

“

material

6
6
-

1

”

“
-

24

3

1

89

~

11

-

3
2

-

-

"

_

_

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1978— Continued




12

Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom

powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex,
in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M A I N T E N A N C E ! TOOL RO OM ! AND
P O W E R P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN

Number
of
workers

A verage
(n W )
hourly

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND c u s t o d i a l
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N — C O N T I N U E D

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

120
64

$
9.12
9. 0 8

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

562
365
197
148

9. 11
8. 98
9. 34
9.72

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

124
93

m a c h i n i s t s --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

T R U C K C H I VE R S - C O N T I N U E D
T R U C K D R I V E R S i h e a v y t r u c k -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1 i 121
83
1 !038

$
8. 7 6
8. 6 5
8. 7 6

9.10
9. 1 6

T R U C K D R I V E R S i TRACT O R - T R A I L E R --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

3 ! 289
1 !029
2* 26 0
1 !277

8. 9 6
8. 61
9.12
8.90

593
513

9. 5 6
9. 5 4

S H I P P E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

120
74

7. 26
6. 94

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1 107
975
132
123

8.43
8. 3 8
8. 7 5
8. 77

R E C E I V E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

274
66
206

6. 9 5
6. 6 5
7. 05

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E HI CL ES ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

204

7. 08

754
158
596
486

9. 67
9.47
9.72
9. 6 4

w a r e h o u s e m e n --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1 ! 7 76
171
1 i605

7.8 0
6.72
7. 9 2

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

163
136

9.29
9. 1 8

OR D E R F I L L E R S -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

748
716

W O R K E R S ---

69

8. 9 6

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

110
58

6. 81
6.19

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1 i7 34
1 !242
746

7. 57
7. 8 0
7. 9 0

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

50
50

9. 21
9. 2 1

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1 *844
1 11 75
669

7. 57
7. 36
7. 94

TOOL AND DIE M A K E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

308
295

10 . 5 3
10 .5 7

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER TH A N F O R K L I F T ) --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

422
157
265

211
211

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

9.32
9. 3 5
9. 31

8. 6 7
8. 6 7

G U A R D S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

3 1 304
201
3 ! 103

3. 8 2
6.63
3. 6 3

l! 142
1 !061

3. 18
2. 9 8

5 ! 981
776
5 ! 205
271

5. 31
6.34
5. 15
6.12

maintenance

MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

GUARDS! CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N
T R U C K D R I V E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----TRUCKORIVERSi

LI GH T

TRUCK

1 1 4 29

4 19 30
3 11 33

8
8
8
8

62
40
68

J A N I T O R S ! P O R T E R S i AN O C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

84

1 460
1 209
924

8 40
8
”
8
79

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO M E N

4 97

G U A R D S -----------------------------------

173

J A N I T O R S i P O R T E R S i AND C L E A N E R S --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------1 -------

894
835

See footnotes at end of tables.

13

CJ
N

267

8.45

o

T R U C K D R I V E R S i ME DI UM T R U C K ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

6 i 359

C
O




Table A-6.

5. 66
5. 59




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., for selected periods
Industry an d occupational group 5

Oc to be r 1971 to M a r c h 1973 M a r c h 1973
to
17 m o n t h
An n u a l rate
M a r c h 1974
increase
of increase

M a r c h 1974
to
M a r c h 1975

M a r c h 1975
to
M a r c h 1976

M a r c h 1976
to
M a r c h 1977

M a r c h 1977
M a r c h 1978

All industries:
Office clerical__________ _________________________
Electronic data processing
Industrial nu rs es___________________________________
Skilled ma in te na nc e trades
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s

8.1
(6)
8.8
10.4
9.9

5.7
(6)
6.1
7.2
6.9

6.7
(6)
7.5
7.3
7.2

10.0
9.2
11.9
11.4
11.9

8.0
7.5
7.9
9.2
7.6

6.7
6.8
6.2
8.9
7.1

6.9
7.9
11.7
9.2
8.0

Manufacturing:
Office clerical
Electronic data processing
Industrial nu rses___________________________________
Skilled ma in te na nc e trades. ______________ ______
Unskilled plant work er s. _________________________

8.0
(6)
8.5
9.4
8.9

5.6
(6)
5.9
6.5
6.2

7.1
(6)
7.8
8.0
8.0

12.2
10.9
12.8
11.7
9.3

7.6
7.8
9.0
10.2
9.1

6.9
5.0
5.2
8.9
8.1

7.7
8.1
11.5
9.2
9.7

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical___________________________________
Electronic data processing. ______________________
Industrial nu rses___________________________________
Unskilled plant wo rkers. ________ __ ___________

8.1
(6)
9.7
10.1

5.7
(6)
6.8
7.0

6.5

9.2
8.8
(6)
12.7

8.1
7.4
(6)
7.1

6.7
7.5
(6)
6.9

6.7
7.9
(6)
7.5

0

(6)
6.8

See footnotes at end of tables.

A revised description for c o m p u t e r operators is being introduced in this area in
1978.
T h e revised description is not considered equivalent to the previous description.
Therefore, the earnings of c o m p u t e r operators are not used in computing percent increases
for the electronic data processing group.

14

Table A-8.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in San Francisco—

Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Weekly earningsr
(standard)
r
i
O cc u p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

u.
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard) Mean2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—
s

$
110

Median2

Middle range 2

s

%

s

%

1

$

*

s

s

s

S

S

s

S

$

S

s

%

%

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

23
6
17
-

91
15
76
-

192
45
147
1

76 5
171
594
11

1014
252
76 2
21

561
207
354
24

489
127
36 2
97

369
144
225
73

22 5
51
174
66

181
86
95
31

99
17
82
41

93
19
74
54

18
5
13
7

8
8
8

9
i
8
8

4
4
4

2
2
2

-

-

-

1
1

7
3

12
12
1

25
25
-

48
33
5

54
48
13

15
8
-

9
9

15
8
-

9
7
5

8
8
8

8
8
8

4
4
4

2
2
2

-

_
-

6

156
6
150
8

142
22
120
11

125
35
90
20

83
28
60
19

65
14
51
6

78
51
27
8

28
11
17
7

47
6
41
29

6
6
2

-

1
1

6
-

58
~
58
2

-

-

7
~
7

16

284
46
2 38
1

368
107
261
13

194
91
103
10

190
53
137
69

150
78
72
45

39
1
38
25

49
6
43
8

55
4
51
30

5
5

3
3
~

-

-

-

*

16
*

71
6
65
1

3
3

21
3
18

30
7
23

154
38
116

265
64
201

152
68
84

113
28
85

74
19
55

48
30
18

14
4
10

5
2
3

26
1
25

-

-

1

-

”

-

~

-

“

~

~

~

“

_

”

-

~

-

-

-

“

and
un de r
120

ALL W O R K E R S
$
233.00
236.50
231.50
288.50

$
219.00
23 0.00
21 6.50
278.00

$
$
198.50-258.00
205.00-268.50
196.50-255.00
253.50-326.00

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R 6 ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

A . 145
1. 14 6
2. 9 9 9
448

SE CR ET AR IE S. CLASS A R O R R A R U F A C T U R I N G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

217
176
46

39.5 2 9 8 . 5 0 28 7.50 2 6 3 . 5 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0
40 . 0 2 9 9 . 5 0 28 7.00 2 6 0 . 0 0 - 3 2 4 . 0 0
39.5 3 5 4 . 0 0 37 7.00 2 9 0 . 0 0 - 4 1 3 . 5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B H A R U F A C T U R I N G --------R O R R A N U F A C T U R I R G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

800
174
626
112

39 .5
39 .0
39 .5
39 .5

SE CR ET AR IE S. CLASS C —
R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

1.431
4 00
1.031
202

SECRETARIES. CLASS D R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R 6 -----

39.5
39 .5
39.5
39.5

~

-

2

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

198.00-253.50
208.00-257.50
195.50-253.50
253.50-287.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

905
264
641

39.5 22 9 . 0 0 218.50 2 0 3 . 0 0 - 2 4 9 . 5 0
39 .5 2 3 2 . 0 0 23 5.50 2 0 5 . 0 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0
39 .5 2 2 8 . 0 0 21 6. 50 2 0 0 . 0 0 - 2 4 8 . 5 0

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS E R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G -----

7 35
259
476

4 0 . 0 2 0 2 . 5 0 196 .00 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 0 4 . 0 0 197.00 1 8 5 . 0 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 0 1 . 0 0 19 5. 50 1 8 4 . 0 0 - 2 1 2 . 5 0

_

S T E R O G R A P H E R S ------------R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

742
58
684
148

39.5 1 9 9. 00 18 2.50
39 .5 24 6 . 5 0 26 7.00
39.5 19 5. 00 179.50
4 0 . 0 2 6 8 . 5 0 28 8. 50

164.00-217.00
213.00-290.50
163.50-202.50
240.50-288.50

_

4

-

ST EROGRAPHERS. 6ERERAL
R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G -----

172
142

40.0
40.0

198.50
18 9 . 0 0

195.50 1 5 5 . 5 0 - 2 3 4 . 5 0
184.50 1 5 2 . 5 0 - 2 2 8 . 5 0

_

S T E R OG RA PH ER S. SERIOR
R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G -----

507
479

40.0
40 . 0

19 9 . 5 0 176.00 1 6 3 . 5 0 - 2 1 5 . 5 0
19 6. 50 17 3.50 1 6 3 . 5 0 - 2 0 4 . 0 0

T Y P I S T S -------------------R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

1. 20 8
239
969
in

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -----R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —
T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -----R A R U F A C T U R I R G --------R O R R A R U F A C T U R I R G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —

254.50
281.50
247.50
286.50

24 5. 00
27 6. 50
23 5. 00
2 6 6. 50

217.50-281.50
247.50-317.50
210.50-271.50
248.50-346.50

39 .5 2 2 8 . 5 0
39 .0 2 3 4 . 0 0
39 .5 22 6 . 5 0
39 .0 2 7 0 . 0 0

21 7.50
225.50
21 1.50
269.00

_

-

_
-

-

~

-

2
2

13
6
7

52
12
40

81
32
49

26 5
87
178

200
71
129

52
26
26

30
11
19

4
4
“

18
18

17
10
7

1

“

27
27
*

71
71
“

145
3
142
3

95
8
87
2

107
3
104
6

98
8
90
8

29
4
25
10

30
2
28
28

10
9
i
i

84
16
68
68

21
5
16
16

6
6
6

-

4
-

15
15
-

4
4

15
15

13
13

19
19

7
7

15
10

22
19

22
15

12
12

23
23

4
”

11
3

3
“

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

52
52

138
135

73
70

78
78

27
26

17
13

7
5

6
1

73
65

18
16

4
4

-

-

145.00-202.00
164.50-206.00
142.50-197.50
191.50-240.50

26

68
4
64
-

87
6
81
-

182
25
157
-

111
10
101
-

136
42
94
10

128
28
100
2

154
30
124
17

209
84
125
35

60
6
54
12

18
1
17
10

ii
ii
ii

13
i
12
11

4
i
3
3

-

1
1
-

-

-

7 32
165
567
29

39 . 5 17 5 . 5 0 170.50 1 4 7 . 5 0 - 2 0 2 . 0 0
39 .5 19 4 . 5 0 205.00 1 7 6 . 0 0 - 2 0 6 . 0 0
39.5 17 0. 00 161.00 1 4 4 . 0 0 - 1 9 3 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 3 9 . 0 0 23 4.00 2 1 2 . 0 0 - 2 8 3 . 5 0

_
~
-

4
4

49
49

151
1
150

75
3
72

81
29
52
-

97
21
76
1

73
21
52
1

161
81
80
8

27
5
22
11

2
1
1
-

-

4
i
3
3

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

7
1
6
5

-

-

-

421
74
347
27

39 .0 1 7 0 . 0 0 165.00
39 .5 1 6 0 . 0 0 155.50
3 9 . 0 17 2 . 0 0 166.50
40 . 0 2 5 3 . 0 0 27 5. 50

26
26

64
4
60

38
6
32

31
24
7

36
7
29

45
13
32

31
7
24
1

66
9
57
1

28
3
25
7

33
1
32
1

6
6

ii

6

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ii
ii

6
6

-

-

-

-

*

”

“
~
-

~
-

-

-

"
-

“

~

“

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le s .




132.50-192.00
141.00-172.50
130.00-200.00
213.00-275.50

26
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

"

39 .5 17 4 . 5 0 169.00
39 .5 18 4. 00 184.00
39 .5 17 2 . 5 0 166.50
39 . 0 2 2 4 . 0 0 213.00

-

'

'

'

”

Table A-8.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in San Francisco—

Oakland, Calif., March 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
r

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we ek ly earnings of*

%

$

$

S

$

%

%

S

%

$

S

s

%

$

$

*

s

$

%

%

woikere

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

120

Occupation and industry division

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

57
57

33
33
"

63
58

34
31

25
23
~

21
21
~

44
44

102
97
“

42
19
5

15
15
15

32
31
31

9
9
9

12
12
12

-

~

-

-

-

4
4

15
15

3
3

4
4

2
2

9
9

7
7

27
4

-

5
5

5
5

-

8
8

-

-

-

”

“

34
34
~

79
74

15
15
5

-

10
10
10

19
18
18

7
7
7

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
“

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

8
8

-

-

15
15

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

_
-

110
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
FILE C L E R K S ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

489
450
72

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S A -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

89
66

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S B -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

$
39 .0 1 7 6 . 5 0
39 . 0 1 7 5 . 5 0
39.0 271.50

$
$
$
17 4. 00 1 3 6 . 0 0 - 1 9 8 . 0 0
17 2. 50 1 3 6 . 0 0 - 1 9 7 . 5 0
2 7 8. 00 2 5 3 . 5 0 - 2 8 6 . 0 0

-

-

_

-

-

20 5. 00
17 6. 50

152.00-211.00
138.50-253.50

-

272
258
44

39 . 0 1 8 2 . 5 0 178.50
39 . 0 18 3 . 5 0 17 9. 00
39 . 0 2 6 6 . 5 0 27 8 . 0 0

144.50-197.50
146.00-197.50
240.50-280.00

15
15
“

22
22

25
21
“

13
11

10
8
“

19
19

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S C -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

128
126

39 . 0 1 4 9 . 5 0
39.0 150.00

13 7. 00
13 7. 00

116.50-156.00
116.50-156.50

42
42

7
7

23
22

18
17

11
11

-

1
1

M E S S E N G E R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

809
56
753

38.5
39 .0
38 . 5

174.00
160.50
17 5 . 0 0

175.00
153.00
1 8 3. 50

153.00-197.50
153.00-162.50
156.00-197.50

44
44

47

30
3
27

70
34
36

57
5
52

118
6
112

322
5
317

37

47

55
2
53

37

14
1
13

-

-

-

-

-

S U I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S --------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

349
309

39 . 0
39 . 0

185.00
18 4 . 0 0

16 6. 00
166.00

155.50-191.00
155.50-191.00

-

1
1

3
3

5
5

131
130

68
54

23
15

35
31

25
19

8
7

11
7

20
20

10
8

9
9

_

_

-

-

SUITCHBOARD O P E R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS
N O N M A N U F A C t U R I N G ------------------

89
53

4 0 . 0 2 1 9 . 0 0 20 0. 00
4 0 . 0 2 3 4 . 5 0 20 0 . 0 0

172.50-276.00
200.00-284.00

-

-

4
2

1

1

10
4

7
~

6
2

29
22

5

1
1

5
5

13
11

1
-

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
6

33
23

14
12

12
8

19
17

13
3

74
9

-

3
3

14
14

15
15

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

ORDER C L E R K S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

39 . 0
39 . 0

197.50
19 3. 00

215
122

39 . 0 2 4 5 . 0 0
40 . 0 2 4 3 . 0 0

26 0 . 5 0 1 9 1 . 0 0 - 2 6 9 . 5 0
23 2. 00 1 7 8 . 5 0 - 3 2 4 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

121

38 .5

6
6

~

-

-

~

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

*
-

269.50-324.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

8

11

-

65

-

-

14

15

3

-

-

-

-

179.00-267.50
181.00-271.50
178.50-253.00
228.50-327.50

1
1

5

47
11
36

66
16
50

109
39
70
2

170
52
118
10

224
71
153
12

286
72
214
41

136
30
106
47

133
48
85
42

67
54
13
-

118
66
52
1

130
25
105
89

43
14
29
29

86
3
83
83

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

5

25
8
17
-

-

~

-

6 38
276
362

39.5 2 5 1 . 5 0 2 4 4. 00
39 .5 2 3 8 . 5 0 24 1. 50
4 0 . 0 2 6 1 . 0 0 24 7. 50

202.50-294.50
201 . 5 0 - 2 6 7 . 5 0
205.00-327.50

-

-

-

-

8
8

20
12
8

109
45
64

120
55
65

39
12
27

76
43
33

65
53
12

47
19
28

43
13
30

20
11
9

86
3
83

-

-

-

~

5
2
3

”

”

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

987
233
754

40 . 0 2 1 0 . 0 0 20 0. 00 1 7 0 . 0 0 - 2 3 8 . 0 0
39 .5 2 1 3 . 0 0 18 5. 00 1 6 7 . 0 0 - 2 9 1 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 0 9 . 5 0 20 0. 00 171 .5 0 - 2 3 7 . 0 0

1
i

5

47
ii
36

61
14
47

101
31
70

136
40
96

108
26
82

166
17
149

97
18
79

57
5
52

2
1
1

71
47
24

87
12
75

23
3
20

-

-

“

-

“

-

5

25
8
17

“

P A YR OL L C L E R K S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

372
91
281
28

39 .5 2 2 7 . 0 0 20 9.50 1 9 4 . 0 0 - 2 6 8 . 5 0
39 .5 2 3 7 . 0 0 2 6 4. 50 1 9 5 . 5 0 - 2 6 9 . 0 0
40 . 0 2 2 4 . 0 0 2 0 7. 00 1 9 4 . 0 0 - 2 4 7 . 5 0
40 . 0 3 3 3 . 5 0 33 3. 00 3 3 3 . 0 0 - 3 3 7 . 5 0

-

-

-

83
19
64

59
12
47

20
4
16

43
3
40

48
35
13

17
6
11
"

13
5
8

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

17
“

23
7
16
“

26

-

16
16

17

-

5
5
~

KEY EN T R Y O P E R A T O R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

1.704
194
1.510
620

2 2 6 . 5 0 21 7. 00 191 .00-261 .50
39.5 2 1 2 . 0 0 20 6. 00 1 8 2 . 5 0 - 2 3 6 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 2 8 . 0 0 2 1 7. 00 1 9 2 . 0 0 - 2 6 7 . 5 0
40 . 0 2 6 5 . 0 0 286 .00 2 3 5 . 5 0 - 2 8 6 . 0 0

27
i
26

50
3
47

69
15
54
3

78
26
52
17

339
43
296
29

225
2
22 3
223

98

1 *646
509
1 . 137
356

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

39 .5
40.0
40 . 0

o
o

C L A S S B ------------

o
o

2 6 9. 50

2 2 6 . 0 0 2 0 8. 00
2 2 7 . 0 0 2 1 4. 00
2 2 5 . 5 0 20 5.00
2 8 2 . 5 0 31 8 . 5 0

ORDER C L E R K S .

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C UTIL I T I E S ---------------

278.00

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




16

“
365
37
328
44

208
39
169
71

135
7
128
97

95
16
79
30

~

98
98

26
26
13
5
8
8

"

-

~
-

-

~
-

"
*
~

”

Table A-8.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in San Francisco—

Oakland, Calif., March 1978 — Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving s traight-time w e e k l y ea r n i n g s of—
t

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

i

t

i

120

130

140

150

160

170

18 0

200

220

24 0

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

130

140

150

160

170

180

20 0

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

3

3
-

1 2

75

76

69

29

67

1 1

98

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

16

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

59

26
50

30

3

7
5

16

-

110

t

t

t

t

i

39

23

51

9

98

~

~

”

47
-

66

68

264

289

139

106

28

214

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
51
3

19
47
16

27
237

1 1
278

9
130

i
105

28

214

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

38

60

91

28

214

“

”

and
under

120

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
KEY E N T R Y

OPERATORS

- CONTINUED

337

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.256
83
1.173
482

$
247.50
39 .5 2 2 9 . 5 0
40.0 253.50
O
o

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

in

$
$
$
237.50 2 0 7 . 0 0 - 2 8 7 . 5 0 I
224.50 2 0 3 . 5 0 - 2 5 1 . 0 0
249.50 2 0 7 . 5 0 - 3 1 8 . 5 0

40 . 0 2 1 8 . 5 0 21 1. 50 1 9 1 . 0 0 - 2 4 7 . 5 0
39.5 18 9. 00 184.00 1 7 3 . 5 0 - 1 9 9 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 2 1 . 0 0 213.00 191 . 0 0 - 2 4 7 . 5 0
40 . 0 2 5 6 . 0 0 26 7. 50 2 3 1 . 5 0 - 2 8 6 . 0 0

2
2

47
-

See footnotes at end of tables.




17

8

“




> professional and technical workers—large establishments
f
ilif., March 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e ekly earnings of—
s

s

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

.117

S

$
$
$
$
39 . 5 3 7 2 . 0 0 3 6 8. 00 3 2 2 . 0 0 - 4 1 6 . 5 0
4 1 4 . 0 0 414 .00 3 6 2 . 0 0 - 4 7 1 . 5 0
39 .5
4 0 . 0 3 5 7 . 5 0 35 6. 50 3 1 0 . 5 0 - 4 0 0 . 5 0

42 0

440

46 0

480

520

560

600

180

200

22 0

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

36 0

380

40 0

4 20

440

460

480

520

560

600

640

2

13
13

43
2
41

59
59

44
13
31

101
14
87

97
15
82

128
18
110

198
34
164

170
50
120

158
32
126

13 2
32
100

95
42
53

62
22
40

70
39
31

98
57
41

38
23
15

6
5
1

1
1
~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
1
1

25
1
24

55
2
53

69
6
63

81
6
75

89
5
84

74
13
61

60
20
40

38
11
27

34
13
21

73
34
39

38
23
15

6
5
1

~

86
8
78

70
13
57

64
15
49

114
23
91

77
38
39

57
21
36

46
15
31

29
19
10

24
11
13

36
26
10

25
23
2

_
~

_
-

-

2

230.00-368.00

-

39 .5 3 3 7 . 0 0
39 .5 3 2 6 . 5 0
39 .5 3 3 9 . 0 0
39 .5 3 4 2 . 5 0

33 6. 00 2 8 8 . 0 0 - 3 8 4 . 0 0
33 3 . 5 0 2 7 1 . 5 0 - 3 6 8 . 0 0
33 6. 00 2 8 8 . 5 0 - 3 8 6 . 5 0
35 1. 00 2 7 1 . 0 0 - 3 9 2 . 0 0

-

“

212

39 . 0
39 .0

384.50
385.50

38 5. 00
38 6. 00

345.00-416.50
345.00-415.00

_

_

~

39 .5
39.5
39 .5

320.00 318.50
3 1 6 . 0 0 31 2. 00
33 1 . 0 0 34 3. 00

291.00-353.00
287.00-350.50
299.00-356.50

~

~

_

_

1

2

12

27

10

8

8

2

5

13

9

11

12

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
3
7
“

16
5
11
7

41
5
36
21

48
7
41
18

50
4
46
9

54
11
43
7

47
8
39
8

63
11
52
24

46
5
41
21

47
13
34
21

45
45
13

21
3
18
8

8
8
5

5
5
4

10
1
9
2

3
1
2
1

1
1
~

~

_

_

_

7
7

15
11

6
3

21
21

18
18

29
29

26
22

42
42

21
18

8
8

5
5

10
9

3
2

1
1

7
7
“

_

13
11
~

27
20
15

24
24
6

40
32
6

24
16
6

45
34
24

17
12
6

21
12
7

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

3

28
25
21

14
14
3

11
11
3

8
8
1

2
2
2

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
i
-

-

_
”

_

-

-

_

“
_

16

-

-

-

-

16
11
7

15
9
6
*

13
4
9
~

57
18
39
5

124
12
112
18

131
15
116
45

92
22
70
21

46
9
37
5

66
10
56
22

6
2
4
2

5
3
2
2

5
1
4
4

6
2
4
4

4
i
3
3

2
1
1
1

_

-

20
18

31
21

51
46

27
25

42
32

5
4

3

4
4

4
4

3
3

2
1

”

42
13
29
5

75
9
66
18

88
5
83
45

39
17
22
2

19
7
12
1

24

i
i
-

1
i

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

“

-

2
2

~

7

15

29

12

2

-

-

39 .5
39 .5
39 .5
39 . 0

2 5 2 . 0 0 25 0 . 0 0
2 5 9 . 5 0 2 6 0. 50
2 5 0 . 5 0 24 9. 00
2 6 3 . 0 0 25 3. 50

228.50-270.00
220.00-270.00
228.50-258.50
242.50-279.50

-

39 . 5

216.00

194.50-235.50

-

-

~

-

15

6
2
4

“

24
20
“

~

2

~

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

~

"

~

“

~

-

-

-

-

“
'
_

“
"

18

_

-

“
"
“

,

-

_

-

22 5. 50

36
6
30

-

_

80

48
48

_

259.00-306.50
260.00-308.00

300
58
242
93

16

~

_

-

1
1

_
~

_

27 7. 00
2 7 6. 50

39 .5 2 8 6 . 5 0
40.0 285.00

%

4 00

39 .5 3 0 2 . 0 0 28 7 . 0 0

156

%

38 0

515
77
4 38
169

193

*

360

124

110

s

*

%

340

_
-

463
132

%

320

299.00-391.00
352.00-448.00
287.50-366.50

39 .5 2 5 8 . 5 0 25 3. 50 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 2 7 9 . 0 0
39 .5 2 5 9 . 0 0 2 5 8. 50 2 1 9 . 5 0 - 2 8 9 . 5 0
39 .5 2 5 8 . 5 0 25 2 . 5 0 2 3 1 . 0 0 - 2 7 8 . 5 0
39 .5 2 7 8 . 0 0 2 5 6. 00 2 5 3 . 5 0 - 3 1 9 . 0 0

$

300

39 . 5 3 5 0 . 0 0 34 7 . 5 0
39 . 5 3 9 5 . 0 0 38 5.00
39 .5 3 3 1 . 0 0 33 3. 00

573

*

K

280

728
218
510

4 0 . 0 2 6 0 . 5 0 2 5 3 . 0 0 241 . 5 0 - 2 8 0 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 6 5 . 5 0 2 5 9. 00 2 4 7 . 5 0 - 2 8 5 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 5 7 . 0 0 25 3 . 0 0 2 4 1 . 5 0 - 2 5 9 . 0 0

s

26 0

364 . 0 0 - 4 4 9 . 5 0
424.00-512.00
356.50-426.50

82
71
37

S

240

40 0. 50
47 0 . 0 0
39 1. 00

171
73

$

%

22 0

39 .5 4 1 1 . 5 0
39 . 5 4 6 3 . 5 0
40.0 397.00

221

$

200

695
141
504

196

S

180

and
under
160

i516
399

t
160

1
1

140

'

'

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

O cc u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we ek ly earnings of—
140

Middle range z

and
under
160

160
_
180

180

200

240

_

_

22 0

20 0

22 0

_

_

24 0

26 0

26 0
_

28 0
_

28 0

30 0
_

300

32 0
_

32 0

34 0

340

36 0

360

38 0

_

_

_

380

400

40 0
_
4 20

42 0
_

44 0

44 0

ALL U0RKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

DRAFTERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

619
256
363

39 . 5 31 0 . 5 0 319.00
39 . 5 2 8 7 . 5 0 279.00
39 .5 32 6 . 0 0 341.00

259.50218.50290.00-

351.50
341.50
351.50

DRAFTERS* CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------

211
124

4 0 . 0 35 7 . 0 0 389.00 3 2 0 . 0 0 39 . 5 3 3 6 . 5 0 330.00 2 8 7 . 5 0 4 0 . 0 3 8 6 . 5 0 389.00 3 8 8 . 0 0 -

DRAFTERS* CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

285
69
216

4 0 . 0 30 9 . 5 0 320.50
4 0 . 0 26 5 . 0 0 259.00
39 . 5 3 2 4 . 0 0 336.00

290.00213.00300.00-

351.50
319.50
351.50

ORAFTERS. CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONHANUF ACTU RIN 6-------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

112

39 . 5
40.0
39 .5
39 . 5

2 3 2 . 5 0 239.50
21 6 . 5 0 196.50
2 5 2 . 0 0 248.50
2 5 4 . 0 0 248.50

188.00179.50233.00239.50-

269.00
269.00
271.50
271.50

46
32
14

391.50
392.00
391.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------------------

62
50
37
4 35

40.0

13
13

27
25
2

31
24

26
11

15

11
11

13
13

19
19

10
10

37

27

108

2

35

6
21

102

6

8

22

18

2

4
18
16

12

50

70

50

25

50

13

1

31 2 . 5 0 317.00

260.50-

349.00

18

34

6

14

39

12

18

11

18

18

9

326.00

300.00-

416.00

4 0 . 0 28 5 . 0 0

272.50

232.50-

339.50

72

30 3 . 5 0 311.50

276.00-

322.50

5

See footnotes at end of tables.

19

86

36
50

15

4 0 . 0 34 4 . 0 0




24
16

13

225

39 .5

12

10

200

71

31
12
12

23

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BINDUSTRIAL NURSES ------------

22

8

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A-

REGISTERED

53

12

46 0

480

520

560

600

46 0

48 0

520

560

600

640

_

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x large establishments in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
( me a n ^ )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

We e kl y
hours
(standard)

We e kl y
earni ngs1
(standard)

OFFICE

HE N

OCCUPATIONS

Weekl y
hours
(standard)

Weekl y
earnings1
(standard)

-

MESSENGERS

3 8 .5

464

3 8 .5

1 7 2.00

---------------------------------

192

4 0 .0

2 3 5 .5 0

------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

FILE

CLERKS

----------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

C LERKS

MANUFACTURING

OCCUPATIONS

AND

-

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------

51

3 9 .5

2 5 1 .5 0

141

4 0 .0

2 3 0 .0 0

CLERKSt

CLASS

-

2 7 5 .0 0

-

123

----------------------------------------

412

39 .0

16 6.50

3 8 .5

164.00

39 .0

18 6.50

3 9 .0

375

177.00

103

4 0 .0

20 6 .0 0

FILE
CLERKS.
C L A S S B ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

228
215

38 .5
38 .5

171.00
17 1.00

CLASS

8

FILE

-------------------------------

103

39 .0

141.50

----------------------------------------

102

3 9 .0

141.50

-------------------------------------------------------------------

323

38 .0

17 7.00

287

3 8 .0

179.50

----------------------------------

325

3 9 .0

18 1 .5 0

----------------------------------------

287

3 9 .0

18 0.50

CLERKS.

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING
OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

---------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

PUBLIC

3 9 .5

1.144

2 3 7 .0 0
23 0 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

23 2 .0 0

----------------------------

2.941

----------------------

406

3 9 .5

2 8 6.50

-------------------

217

3 9 .5

29 8 .5 0

----------------------------

176

4 0 .0

2 9 9 .5 0

46

3 9 .5

A

UTILITIES

----------------------

SWITCHBOARD

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

-------------------

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

B

----------------------------

UTILITIES

----------------------

7 90

3 9 .5

SUITCH80ARD

174

3 9 .0

2 4 7.50

109

3 9 .5

21 9.00

4 0 .0

23 4 .5 0

158

39 . 0

SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS).

ANALYSTS
4 0 .0

4 1 2 .5 0

----------------------------------------------

122

3 9 .5

4 6 4 .0 0

-------------------------------------

392

4 0 .0

3 9 6 .5 0

-------------

500

4 0 .0

3 5 8 .5 0

-------------------------------

168

3 9 .5

3 9 6 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 1 3 .0 0
2 9 7 .0 0

CLASS

m a n u f a c t u r in g

-------------------------------------------------

75

4 0 .0

21 2.00

----------------------------------------------

.454

4 0 .0

458

39 .5

22 4.00

996

4 0 .0

22 4.50

309

4 0 .0

1.407

3 9 .5

------------------------------------

399

MANUFACTURING

3 9 .0

CLERKS

MANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

22 5 .5 0

PUBLIC

PUBLIC

-------------

569

39 .5

24 8 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------

245

39 .5

23 7.00

-------------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

UTILITIES

188

3 9 .0

904

3 9 .5

CLERKS.

MANUFACTURING

26 6 .5 0

-------------------

ACCOUNTING

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

0

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------

263

3 9 .5

23 2 .0 0

641

3 9 .5

ACCOUNTING

22 8 .0 0

-------------------

4 0 .0

------------------------------------

4 0 .0

2 0 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

MANUFACTURING

19 6 .0 0

678

3 9 .5

58

3 9 .5

19 0 .5 0
2 4 6.50

6 20

3 9 .5

18 5.50

NONMANUFACTURING

E

----------------------------

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------

172

4 0 .0

142

4 0 .0

18 9.00

---------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

NONMA NUF AC T UR I NG
PUBLIC

YPIST S.

PA YROLL

C LERKS

-■

A

MA NU F A C T UR I N G
NONMA NUF AC T UR I NG
YPIST S,

CL A S S

B

-------------

----------------------------------------

324

4 0 .0

25 7 .0 0

864

4 0 .0

21 0.00

213

39 .5

20 9.50

651

4 0 .0

21 0.00

39 .5

.163

3 9 .5

1 7 3.50

237

39 .5

18 4 .0 0

926

3 9 .5

17 1.00

3 9 .0

22 1 .5 0

719
—

R

17 5.00

3 9 .5

554

3 9 .5

16 9.00
16 7.50

3 9 .5
—

4 0 .0

23 5.00
22 2.00

----------------------------------------

.4 71

4 0 .0

22 1.00

-------------------------------------------------

193
.278

39 .5

21 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

MANUFACTURING

(BUSINESS):

-------------------------------------------

COMPUTER

-

390

3 9 .5

2 5 8 .5 0

-------

87

3 9 .5

2 5 8 .5 0

303

4 0 .0

2 5 8 .5 0

141

4 0 .0

2 9 4 .0 0

111

4 0 .0

2 9 5 .5 0

184

3 9 .5

2 4 5 .5 0

1 39

4 0 .0

2 4 1 .5 0

OPERATORS

MANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

KEY

ENTRY

COMPUTER

A

----------------------------

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING
DRAFTERS

CLASS

CLASS

B

----------------------------

498

DRAFTERS.

DRAFTERS.

OPERATORS

185

3 9 .5

3 5 2 .0 0

123

3 9 .5

3 3 7 .0 0

B

221

4 0 .0

3 0 7 .5 0

67

4 0 .0

2 6 6 .0 0

C

3 9 .5

2 2 7 .0 0

-------

4 0 .0

2 1 6 .5 0

429

4 0 .0

3 1 4 .0 0

200

4 0 .0

3 4 4 .0 0

3 9 .5

3 9 0 .5 0

3 9 .5

3 0 2 .5 0

-------

----------------------------------------

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

MANUFACTURING
ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS

--------------------------------

----------------------------------------

431

4 0 .0
39 .5
4 0 .0

22 9.50
25 0.00

-------

.040

4 0 .0

21 1.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

83
957

39 .5
4 0 .0

189.00
21 3.00

TECHNICIANS.

CLASS

A-

TECHNICIANS.

CLASS

B-

24 5.00

110
321

ELECTRONICS
ELECTRONICS

MANUFACTURING

2 8 8 .5 0

A

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

3 0 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

-------

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

253

----------------------

MANUFACTURING

222.50

-------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

KEY

ENTRY

OPERATORS.

KEY

ENTRY

CLASS

A

-------

-------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------

OPERATORS.

PROFESSIONAL
AND
OCCUPATIONS

CLASS

B

TECHNICAL
MEN

1 6 0.00

3 9 .0

1 6 9.00

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS)

A NALYS TS

----------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

----------------------------------------

UTILITIES

----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




ANALYSTS

(BUSINESS).
C L A S S C ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

PROFESSIONAL

AND

OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

TECHNICAL
-

UOME N

ANALYSTS

(BUSINESS):
MANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

-----------------------------------------------------

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS

1 9 4.50

3 9 .0

M A N U F A C T UR I N G
NONMA NUF AC T UR I NG

39 .5

165

SYSTEMS

B

225.00

39 .0

-------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING

U T IL I TIES

CL A S S

CLASS

19 8.50

----------------------------

GENERAL

NONMANUFACTURING
TYPISTS

----------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS.

A

1 9 9.00

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

CLASS

CLERKS.

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

----------------------------------

2 2 9.00

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

----------------------------------------

23 4 .5 0

1.008

NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

NONMANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

22 8 .0 0

C

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

2 7 5.00

-------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

2 8 4 .5 0

-------------------

CLASS

(BUSINESS).

ANALYSTS

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

SYSTEMS

22 4.50

-------------------------------------------------

COMPUTER

514

----------------------------

A

23 1.00

----------------------------------------

2 8 1 .5 0

3 9 .5

4 0 .0

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS

NONMANUFACTURING

25 5 .0 0

616

OPERATORS

NONMANUFACTURING

ORDER
SECRETARIES.

----------------------------------------

3 5 4 .0 0

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

4.085

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

UTILITIES

SECRETARIES.

C

NOME
MESSENGERS

SECRETARIES

CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANAL YS TS
(6 USINESS) - C O N T I N U E D
COMPUTER

FILE
CLERKS.
C L A S S A ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

2 1 3 .5 0

----------------------------

CLERKS.

NONHANUFACTURING

A

3 9 .5

•
C
o
o

ACCOUNTING

We e kl y
earni ngs3
( standard)

TECHNICAL

ME N—

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

ACCOUNTING

We e k l y
hours
( standard)

$ 7 2 .0 0
1

----------------------------

Sex, 3 occupation, an d industry division

PROFESSIONAL

UOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
484

Av e r a g e
( me an3 )

( me a n ^ )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

20

(BUSINESS).

.

COMPUTER

CLASS

SYSTEMS

1 12

39 .5

37 9.50

(BUSINESS).

322
7 90

39 .5
4 0 .0

41 7 .0 0
3 6 4.50

MANUFACTURING

117

39 .5

40 2.50

REGISTERED

A

-------------

ANALYSTS

CLASS

B1

-------------------------------

INDUSTRIAL

NURS ES

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H o u rly ea m in g s 4
N um ber

Occupation an d industry division
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

S
s
S
S
%
S
$
$
4.00 4. 20 4.40 4. 6 0 4. 8 0 5. 00 5.20 5.40
and
under

4. 20 4. 40

ALL
MAI NTENANCE

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

ELECTRICIANS

M ANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

UTILITIES

MAI NTENANCE

PAINTERS

NONMANUFACTURING
MAI NTENANCE

--------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------

MACHINISTS

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

M AI NTENANCE

MAI NTENANCE

------------------------------

------------------------------------------------

MECHANICS

M ANUFACTURING

(MACHINERY)

------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

--------------------------------------

UTILITIES

M AI NTENANCE

--------------------------------

PIPEFITTERS

MANUFACTURING

5. 60

6. 0 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 8 0 7. 20 7 . 6 0

8. 40 8. 80

and

129
52
77

$
8. 7 8
9. 09
8. 57

$
9.32
9.32
9.32

$
7.309.166.99-

S
9. 48
9.32
9.88

434
240
194
161

9. 3 3
9. 2 9
9. 38
9. 5 6

9. 50
9.48
9.81
9.81

9.329.329.469.46-

9.81
9.83
9.81
9.81

91
60

9. 0 8
9. 1 6

9. 15
9.15

9.10- 9.24
9.10- 9.15

401
321

9. 7 2
9. 7 3

9.81
9.77

9.32- 10 .1 1
9.32- 1 0 . 1 9

2
2

11
11

439
362

8. 8 4
8. 75

9. 32
9.32

8.11- 9. 66
8.09- 9.48

1
1

417
64
353
280

9. 66
8. 93
9. 79
9. 6 6

9.46
9.32
9.47
9.46

163
136

9. 2 9
9. 1 8

2

29

2

29

8.00

9. 2 0

9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 . 2 0 over

10
7
3

2
2
-

50
30
20

24
3
21

6
6
“

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

28
27
1

13
~
13
13

32
16
16
-

8
2
6
-

8
6
2
-

158
109
49
41

1 32
25
107
107

55
55
-

“

7
2

_

1

51
43

16

13
12

-

~

2
2

”

~

1
1

3
2

2
1

2
2

144
134

108
40

66
66

62
62

76
76

20
10

102
86

1
1

2
2

125
125

90
39

22
22

-

-

9.3 2- 1 0 . 4 2
8.11- 9. 32
9.4 5- 1 0 . 4 2
9.45- 9. 88

12
12

1

12
6
6

2

61
61
59

147
40
107
98

68
6
62
62

2
2
2

59

53

-

59
59

53
-

9.48
9.32

9.32- 9.57
9.3 2- 9.57

17
17

1
1

-

-

65

8. 78

9.46

7.55-

9. 46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6. 74

7.01

5.84-

7.92

2

-

2

3

2

3

6

2

7

-

28

--------------------------------------

231
218

10.52 10 .9 6
10.58 10.96

9.96- 1 0 . 9 6
10.54- 1 0 . 9 6

MANUFACTURING

9.49
9.32
9.49

9.39- 9. 68
8.84- 9. 83
9.4 3- 9. 68

-

-----------------------------------------------

ENGINEERS

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

24

_

--------------------------------------

354
89
265

9. 27
9. 15
9. 31

-

2
2

119
116

24

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

34

24

5

-

-

-

~

_
-

-

2

5

1

5

12

2

21

2

1
i

6
6

Se e footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

-

_

WORKERS

HELPERS

MAKERS

1

84

TRAOES

STATIONARY

5. 40

-----------------

SHEET-METAL

MAI NTENANCE
DIE

--------------------------

----------------------------------------------

MAI NTENANCE

ANO

5. 20

M ECHANICS

VEHICLES)

MANUFACTURING

TOOL

------------------------

------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

(MOTOR

------------------------------

------------------------------------------------

N0NMANUFACTURIN6

PUBLIC

5.00

*
8.00

WORKERS

CARPENTERS

MAI NTENANCE

4.60 4. 8 0

s
S
S
s
$
1
*
.40 8. 8 0 9.20 9 . 6 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 . 2 0

$
s
s
$
%
s
5. 60 6 . 0 0 6 . 4 0 6. 8 0 7 . 2 0 7.60

5

1

5

12

11
9
2

-

13
10
3

-

6

-

-

-

-

2
2

36
35

14
2

6
6

22
22

186
24
162

97
24
73

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

149
149

3
3

Table A-12.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments

in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
3.10

M ean

2 Median2

Middle range

2

t
3.20

*
3.40

$
3.60

$
3.80

%

$
4 .20

s
4.40

s
s
4 .6 0 5 . 0 0

$
5 .40

%

s
6.60

s
7.00

*
7.40

s
7 .80

s
8 .20

S
8.60

s

5.80

s
6.20

s

4.00

9.00

9 .40

i -------- r
9.801 0 .20

3 .40

3.60

3.80

4 .00

4.20

4 .40

4 .60

5.00

5 .80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7.40

7.80

8 .20

8 .60

9 . 00

9.40

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .60

2
-

a
a
-

24

15
3
12
a

14

la
14

and
under
3.20

5.40

ALL W O R K E R S
T R U C K D R I V E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.918
164
1.754
1.216

$
9.07
8.43
9 .13
8.82

$
8.83
8.64
8.83
8.80

8 .2a-

$
9.57
8.96
8.8 0 -1 0 .1 2
8 .8 0 - 8.83

10
6
a

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E D I U M TR UC K ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

9 77
963

8.71
8.74

8.80
8.80

8.808.80-

10
a

2
2

a

17

-

7

-

-

17

-

7

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

7 49
6 64
181

9.65
9.76
8.9a

10.12
10 .1 2

8.96 -1 0 .1 2
8.96 -1 0 .1 2
8 .9 6 - 8.96

_

_

_

-

i

-

-

8.96

R E C E I V E R S ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

105
80

7.28
7.51

7.60
7.60

6.757.51-

8.00
8.00

-

-

_

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

89
73

7.41
7.15

7.71
7.71

6.406.34-

8.32
8.32

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

a
a

W A R E H O U S E M E N --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

515
4 94

8.07
8.07

8.24
7.79

7.697.69-

9.46
9.46

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

OR DE R F I L L E R S --------------------------

476

9.45

10.18

9 .a 6 -1 0 .1 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1 . 105
4 03
702

7.31
7.11
7.43

7.41
7.58
7.41

7.086.597.40-

7.68
7.68
7.59

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

841
603
2 38

7.88
7.50
8 .8a

7.70
7.65
8.83

7.477.477.50-

8.45
8.10
9.70

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
-

6

_

12

6

-

S H I P P E R S ANO R E C E I V E R S --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

$
8.80-

8.83
8.83
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

>
o

7.03
7.41
5.64
7.59

5.39-

7.59

7.31
5.87
7.48

7.034.607.40-

7.85
7.42
7.59

-

A ---------------------

112

7.54

7.42

7.40-

GU AR DS . C L A S S B --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

138
96

5.39
4.74

5.35
a . 80

4.33a . 08-

7.03
5.56

-

J A NI TO RS . P O R T E R S . AN D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O NM AN UF A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

4.131

5.47

6.06

4.50-

6.06

2

485
3.646
327

6 .58
5 .32
6.30

6.92
6.06
6.56

5.604.505.85-

7.31
6.06
6.95

-

31
30
1

11 48
70
10 78
1020

123
12
111
111

8
a

919

-

919

30
~

455

30
30

455

-

-

43
28
28

2 29

1

1 59
131

1
1

10

-

10

-

20
20
20

455
45 5

-

a

11
2

2
2

8

8

31

-

-

-

-

-

7

5

31

35
29

1

i

1

-

~

-

-

-

_

_

6
6

12
12

11
11

6
a

34
24

a

_

_

_

-

10
10

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

89
89

_

_

_

-

8

1 51

6

16

2

-

16 0

80

-

-

1
1

-

-

8

150

a

-

-

-

16 0

80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

82

17

-

-

12

10 0

265

-

2
-

18
-

1 to
1 10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

65
36
29

-

2

38
11
27

-

1

151
90
61

631
22a

-

28
12
16

30

-

1
-

_

15
15

30
30

30
30

28
28

24
18
6

38 0

65
2a
ai

-

3

-

3
2

55
40
15
14

36
58
58
75

_

-

5
-

7
-

10
1

6
-

5

7

9

6

-

20
1
19

15
1
14

18
18

21
13
8

_
-

5
1
a

30

1

i

2

15

ao7

3 21
59
9a

-

-

-

85

30

-

85

30

83
66
17

71
71

33
33
-

9
9
-

i
i
-

-

-

-

-

-

8

9

i

-

-

-

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

a
a

6
6

8
7

5
5

20
19

10

17
17

5
5

a
a

1
1

ao

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

9

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

24 1

1 67

12

173

500

107

1815

72

_

_

_

_

_

2

2

24 1

167
2

10
1

171
10

35
46 5
32

48
59

24
1791
94

70
48

22
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

173
16 3
10
9

19
15
a

-

266
135
131
1 29

22

7
153

98
30
68

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

6
6

-

295

-

9
-

2
-

9

295

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




7

79
a7
32
28

2
2

7.59

0
0

3 20
1 36
184
74

GU AR DS . C L A S S

7
7

i
l

_

GU A R D S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

2

1
23
16

22

-

-

2




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex—large establishments in San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M AI NTENANCE.
POWERPLANT

TOOLROOM.

OCCUPATIONS

Aver age
( me a n 2 )
hourly
earni ngs4

Sex,

MATERIAL

AND
-

occupation, an d industry division

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATIONS

MEN

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

108
52

$
9.12
9. 0 9

MAINTENANCE

621
260
181
168

9.38
9. 2 9
9.50
9.72

91
60

9.08
9.16

601
321

9.72
9.73

629
362

8. 8 7
8. 7 5

-

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------PAINTERS

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------

909
895
856

$
8.72
8.75
8. 7 8

PUBLIC

-------------------------------------------

PUBLIC

768
663
180

9.66
9.76
8.95

MACHINISTS

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

101
79

7. 3 6
7.52

MECHANICS

MANUFACTURING

(MACHINERY!

-

----------------------------------------------------

89
73

7. 61
7. 1 5

-------------------------------------------

6 30
609

8.75
8.78

( MOTOR

VEHICLES)

MANUFACTURING

A NO

617
66
353
280

9. 6 6
8. 9 3
9. 7 9
9. 6 6

163
136

9.29
9. 1 8

--------

65

8.78

----------------------

86

6. 76

-------------------------------------------

231
218

10 . 5 2
10.58

356
89
265

9. 2 7
9.15
9. 31

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ORDER

-------------------------------------------------------------

662

9.50

PIPEFITTERS

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------------

FILLERS

MATERIAL

906
359

7. 6 7
7. 1 5

----------------------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE

S HEET- METAL

MAI NTENANCE

TRADES

WO RK ER S

8 32
596
2 38

7. 8 9
7. 5 1
8. 8 6

HELPERS

259
126

6.62
7.35

122
80

5. 6 7
6.73

3. 36 3
6 36
2.907
253

5. 6 1
6.56
5. 2 6
6.19

760
691

5 67
5 57

HANOLING

AND

DIE

MAKERS

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------

LABORERS

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
GUARDS

ENGINEERS

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

GUARDS.

CLASS

B

-------------------------------------------------

JANITORS.

PORTERS.

MANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

MOVEMENT

AND

OCCUPATIONS

-

PUBLIC

--------

-------------------------------------

MEN

---------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

CLEANERS

-------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATIONS
MANUFACTURING

ANO

CUSTODIAL
MATERIAL

TRUCKORIVERS

-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

MATERIAL

-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING
STATIONARY

----------------------

----------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
TOOL

----------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

--------------------------------------------

RECEIVERS

NONMANUFACTURING

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------------

--------

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

MECHANICS

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

WAREHOUSEMEN
MAINTENANCE

-----------------

TRACTOR-TRAILER

NONMANUFACTURING
SHIPPERS

MAINTENANCE

TRUCK

-------------------------------------------

UTILITIES

TRUCKDRIVERS.

RECEIVERS
MAI NTENANCE

CUSTODIAL

CONTINUED

MEDIUM

NONMANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

Aver age
( me a n 2 )
hourl y
earni ngs4

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS.

ELECTRICIANS

AND

HEN—

Number
of

-

UTILITIES

1 .BAB

163
1.685
1*167

9. 0 9
8. 6 3
9.15
8.83

JANITORS.

S e e f o o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .

23

PORTERS.

NONHANUFACTURING

A ND
-

AND

CUSTODIAL

WOMEN

CLEANERS

--------

B.

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p ro v is io n s

Table B-1.

Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Other inexperienced clerical w o r k e r s 8

Inexperienced typists
N o n m a n u f a c tur ing

Manufacturing
M i n i m u m we e k l y straight-time sa l a r y 7

B a s e d on standard we ek ly hours 9 of—

All
indust ries
All
schedules

ESTABLISHMENTS

203

S T UO IE O

ES TA BL IS HM EN TS HAVING A SPECIFIED
M I N I M U M -----------------------------*9 7. 50 AND

51

No nm an uf ac tu ri ng

Manufacturing

B a s e d on standard w e e k l y hours 9 of—

All
indust ries

40

All
schedules

40

37‘/2

72

XXX

131

XXX

XXX

204

72

XX X

132

XXX

XXX

18

12

33

22

6

87

31

22

56

41

9

2

_
1
1
1

3

3

1

-

2
3
8
3
5
1

1
-

All
schedules

All
schedules

40

37 72

40

UNDER *100.00

* 10 0.00

AND

UNDER

$ 1 0 5 .0 0

•

2

* 10 5.00

AMO

UNDER

$ 1 1 0 .0 0

-

1

$1 10.00

AND

UNDER

*1 1 5 .0 0

-

2
2
4
3
5
4

* 11 5.00

A ND

UNDER

*1 2 0 .0 0

-

* 12 0.00

AND

UNDER

*1 2 5 .0 0

-

* 1 3 0 .0 0

-

* 12 5.00

A NO

UNDER

*13 0.00

A NO

UNDER

*1 3 5 .0 0

-

* 13 5.00

AND

UNDER

* 1 4 0 .0 0

-

* 14 0.00

AND

UNDER

$ 1 4 5 .0 0

-

*14 5.00

AND

UNDER

*1 5 0 .0 0

-

2
2
2

* 15 0.00

AND

U ND E R

$ 1 5 5 .0 0

-

* 15 5.00

AND

UNDER

*1 6 0 .0 0

-

* 16 0.00

AND

U ND E R

* 1 6 5 .0 0

-

*16 5 .0 0

AND

UNDER

* 1 7 0 .0 0

-

3
3
4

* 17 0.00

AND

U ND E R

* 1 7 5 .0 0

-

2

* 17 5.00
$1 80.00

AND

UNOER

*1 8 0 .0 0

UNDER

*1 8 5 .0 0

-

AND

UNDER

*1 9 0 .0 0

and

U ND E R

$ 1 9 5 .0 0

-

* 19 5.00

■

2

2
2
1
3

2

2

2

1

1
1
1
-

1
-

2
2
2

2

1
1

2
2
2
2
2

1

3
1
1
1

-

* 19 0.00

1
1

1
-

-

i
i
1
1
-

1
1
6
4
9

11
10
7
6
4
3
3
1
4
4

~
1

1

5
4
5

2
4
4
i
3

2
3
1

1
1
3
4
8
6
6

2
4
i
3
3
-

2
1

2
2

3
1
1
1
1
■

-

AND

* 18 5.00

1
-

1
1
1

AND

U ND E R

*2 0 0 .0 0

$2 00.00

AND

UNDER

*2 0 5 .0 0

-

* 20 5.00

AND

UNOER

12 10 .0 0

-

*21 0.00

AND

UN D E R

1 2 1 5 .0 0

*21 5.00

UNDER

$ 2 2 0 .0 0

AND

UN D E R

*22 5.00

AND

UNDER

*23 0 .0 0

A ND

OVER

2
1

3

~
1
3

2

2

1

1

i

-

i

2

1

1

1

-

1

1
2
1
1

_

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

-

2
3
1

-

-

2
2
i

2
2
1

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

*22 0.00

1
1

2

1

•

AND

2
"

2

-

“

”

1
1

1
1

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S HA V I N G NO S P E C I F I E D
M I N I M U M ---------------------------------

30

10

XXX

20

XXX

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S WHICH DI D NOT E M P L O Y
W O R K E R S IN T H I S C A T E G O R Y -----------

122

44

XXX

78

XXX

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
1
1

~

XXX

47

16

XXX

70

25

-

1
i

12 25 .0 0
$ 2 3 0 .0 0
-

-

24

'

-

1
1

1
1

XX X

31

XXX

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XX X

'

"




Table B-2.

Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production

and related workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
W o r k e r s o n late shifts

All w o r k e r s 10
S e c o n d shift

T h i r d shift

S e c o n d shift

UI TH LA TE S H I F T P R O V I S I O N S ---

97 .2

87.1

20.8

5 .9

UI T H NO PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E SH IF T UO R K --U I T H PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E SH I F T UORK ------U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L * ----------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L * ---------------OT HE R D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------------

97 .2
56.7
24 .0
16.5

87 .1
48 .4

20.8
13.8

18.4

4.5

20 . 3

2*5

5.9
5.3
.2
.3

24 .0

38.6
11.5

25.2
6*7

37 .7
12.8

T h i r d shift

P E R C E N T OF U O R K E R S
IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S

A V ER AG E PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L
U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L -------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------------

7.9

P E R C E N T OF U O R K E R S BY TYPE AND
AM O U N T OF PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L
UNIFORM
10
11
14
15
16
17
13
19
20
21
22
23
25
26
30
32
35
37
39
48
50
53
56
80
99

-p e r - h o u r :
C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------ANO UN DE R 27 CENTS -------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------AND UN DE R 4 0 CE NT S -------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------C E N T S -----------------------------------------AND UN D E R 00 CE N T S -------------------------cents

UNIFORM p e r c e n t a g e :
5 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------9 P E R C E N T ----------------------------------------10 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------13 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------15 P E R C E N T ----------------------------------------

7.2
.8
1 .9
4 .3
1 .1
5 .8
-

2.1
a .3
1 .4
l .1
1 .0
8.5
-

6 .8
4 .9
-

1 .1

.5
.2
.5
3.4
-

*

.2
1.9

1.9
-

3.3
3.0
1.5
2.1
4.0
2.0
4.0

.5
1.0
2.2
.1

.3
.1

1.6

.4

.2

~
4.2
1.1

1.0

1.0
.3

•6
4.9

“

_
12.1

1.5
4.7

2*9
.3
1*3
r

•9

_

16.4

.7

Includes provisions not listed separa t e l y below.

25

(11)
.1

.8

.9

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

.1
-

"

12.6

2.3

.5
.2

2*7

“

-

.7
.2
-

2.6
.8
5.9
1.6

1.4

-

9 .6
1 .5
12.9

.4

-

OTHER DIFFERENTIAL:
F U L L D A Y ' S P A Y F O R R E D U C E D H O U R S ------------FULL DAY'S HAY FOP REDUCED H O URS PLUS C E NTS
FULL DAY'S °AY FOR R E D U C t O HuURS
P L U S P E R C E N T ----------------------------------------

1.1

.3
-

1.8

_
(11)
.1
(11)

-

.3

~

Table B-3.

Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Production and related w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

It em
Manufacturing

Nonman uf ac tu ri ng

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonm an uf ac tu ri ng

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

_

-

-

-

2

3

2

3
1
1
(12)
(12)
(12)
14
4
8
68
(12)
68

All industries

Public utilities

P E RC EN T OF U O R K E R S RY S C H E D U L E D
W E E K L Y H O U R S ANO D A Y S
ALL F U L L - T I M E
32
35
35
36
36
36
37
38
38
40

U O R K E R S -------------

HO U R S — A 1/2 D A Y S -------------------H O UR S- 5 D A Y S ------------------------8/10 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------HOURS-'* 1/2 D A Y S -------------------1/4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------<*/10 H O U R S - 5 O A Y S ------------------1/2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------3/4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------8/10 H O U R S - 5 O A Y S -----------------HOURS ---------------------------------4 DAYS -------------------------------5 DAYS --------------------------------

~
“
9
(12)

_

9

8

88
(12)
88

9
1
*
86
86

89
(12)
89

92

39.7

39 .6

39.7

39 .8

~
92

_
1
3
18
8
2
69
69

4
2
1
(12 )
~
13
4
9
68
(12 >
68

100

_
~
-

14
86
-

86

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL W E E K L Y WO RK S C H E D U L E S ------------

See footnote at end of tables.




26

39.1

39.3

39 .1

39 .6

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Office w o r k e r s

Production and related w o r k e r s
Item
All industries

Manufacturing

Nonman uf ac tu ri ng

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

No nm an uf ac tu ri ng

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

P E R C E N T OF U O R K E R S
ALL F U L L - T I M E

U O R K E R S ----------

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S ---------------------IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S ---------------------AVERAGE NUMBER

100

2

3

98

100

97

100

100

100

100

100

9.7

10.9

9.1

9.9

10.0

10.3

10 .0

10.1

1
2
12
9
5
(12)

5
(12)
1
7
2
(12)
2
18
12
(12)
29
(12)
(12)
15
1
1
5
1
5
(12)

1
2
3
-

(12 )
1
8
1
(12)
2
18
14
-

OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S

FO R U O R K E R S IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
P R O V I D I N G H O L I D A Y S --------------P E R C E N T OF U O R K E R S BY N U M B E R
OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D
3 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------6 H O L I O A Y S ---------------------------7 H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------8 H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F D A Y -----------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ----------------P L U S 3 H A L F D A Y S ----------------9 H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F D A Y -----------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ----------------P L U S 3 H A L F D A Y S ----------------10 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F D A Y -----------------PL U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ----------------11 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F D A Y -----------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ----------------12 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------PL U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ----------------13 H O L I O A Y S --------------------------14 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------19 H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------

1
1
10
8
4
(12)

-

5
6
-

3
-

-

-

-

-

22

14

25

4

-

_

-

-

3

-

-

1
24

-

1
1
23
1
2
16

26

-

-

-

22
3
-

(12)
4

-

_

_

9

1

2

-

-

3

100
100
100
95
89
89
74
74
49
46
20
20
10
8
8

-

3
11

-

19

-

-

(12)
2

(12)
8

-

-

1

(12)

2
39
1
-

17
2
11
~

1
2

27

3
-

16
-

58
-

(12 )
15
1
1
4
i
6

(12)

100
100
99
99
91
89
71
55
28
28
13
11
7

100
100
100
100
97
97
81
81
24
24
6
6
(12)

18
~

2
4
-

8

98
97
96
86
77
74
52
52
28
26
8
8
3
3
3

60

-

20

-

-

-

P E R C E N T OF U O R K E R S BY T O T A L
P A I D H O L I D A Y TI ME P R O V I D E D 13
3 DA Y S OR M O R E ---------------------6 DA Y S OR M O R E ----------------------7 OA Y S OR M O R E ----------------------8 O A Y S OR M O R E ----------------------8 1/2 D A Y S OR M O R E -----------------9 OA Y S OR MO R E ----------------------9 1/2 O A Y S OR M O R E -----------------10 DA Y S OR MORE ---------------------10 1/2 DA Y S OR MO R E ----------------11 DA Y S OR MO RE ---------------------11 1/2 D A Y S OR M O R E ----------------12 OA Y S OR MO RE ---------------------13 DA Y S OR MO RE --------------------14 DA Y S OR MO RE --------------------19 DA YS --------------------------------

100
95
95
95
92
92
88
88
28
28
8
8
1
~

97
96
94
81
72
67
42
42
18
17
2
2
(12)
~

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




27

100
100
99
99
92
90
72
58
29
29
13
12
6
(12)

100
100
100
99
98
95
75
75
34
33
16
14
4
2

-

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Office w o r k e r s

Production and related w o r k e r s
It e m
Manufacturing

Nonm an uf ac tu ri ng

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonm an uf ac tu ri ng

Public utilities

too

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

-

_

-

100
95
3
2

100
85
10
5

100
99
<12>

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

-

-

1
2A
3
<12 )

3
23
4
“

(12)
2A
3
(12)

(12)
57
7
4
(12)

2
A2
1
4
“

60
8
4
(12 )

57
1
4
"

YE AR OF SERV IC E:
1 WEEK --------------------OV ER 1 AND U N D E R 2 WE E K S
2 W E E K S -------------------OV ER 2 AND UN D E R 3 WE E K S
3 UE E K S -------------------OV ER A AND U N D E R 5 WE EK S
6 UE E K S --------------------

44
4
46
3
2
(12)
1

A1
13
39
3
1
~
3

A5
(12)
A9
3
3
(12)
“

18
67
6
8
-

13

13
84
i
2

13

32
66
1
(12)

YE A R S OF S E RV IC E:
1 UEEK --------------------OVER 1 AND UN D E R 2 WE E K S
2 U E E K S -------------------OVER 2 AND UN D E R 3 UE EK S
3 W E E K S -------------------OV ER A AND UN D E R 5 UE E K S
6 UE E K S --------------------

6
2
83
5
2
(12 )
1

11
7
68
10
1

(12)
85

1
70
16
7
2
-

(12)
92
1
3
1
2

5
5
8

-

(12)

-

3

“

1
67
19

(12)
92
1

7

3

2

1

All industries

P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S
ALL F U L L - T I M E

W O R K E R S --------

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
PAID V A C A T I O N S -----------------IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G
PA ID V A C A T I O N S -----------------L E N G T H - O F - T I M E P A Y M E N T ------P E R C E N T A G E P A Y M E N T -----------OTHER P A Y M E N T -----------------AM OU NT OF P A I D V A C A T I O N

2

3

YE A R S OF S E RV IC E:
1 UEEK ---------------------2 U E E K S --------------------OVER 2 AND U N D E R 3 UE E K S
3 UE E K S --------------------OVER 3 AND UN D E R A UE EK S
A U E E K S --------------------OV ER A AND UN D E R 5 UEEKS
6 UE E K S ---------------------

A YE A R S OF S E RV IC E:
1 UEEK ---------------------2 U E E K S --------------------OV ER 2 ANO U N D E R 3 UE E K S
3 U E E K S --------------------OVER 3 AND UN D E R A UE EK S
A U E E K S --------------------OVER A AND U N D E R 5 UE E K S
6 UE EK S ---------------------

6

4
2
2
(12)
1
<12 >
84
7
5
2

-

-

~

4

_

(12)

-

90
3
3
(12)

85
6
8

3

2

<12 )
1

33
4

78
7
2
(12)
(12)
(12)
90
7
2
(12)

-

82

-

-

77
8
1
(12 )

( 12 )
1
96
1
3

(12)
88
9
2
(12 )

-

83
3
11
2
(12)
(12)

-

“

92
(12)
5
3
(12)
-

_
99
i
( 12 )
-

82
3
12
2
( 12 )
<12 )

94
5
1
(12)
-

-

_
82
-

5
5
8

2

-

-

(12)

92
(12)
5

81

91

3

-

2

3

2

(12)
(12)

(12)

(12 )
( 12 )

83
3

12

3
"

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




_

A F T E R : 14

6 M O N T H S OF S E RV IC E:
UN D E R 1 WE E K -------------1 WEEK --------------------OV ER 1 AND U N D E R 2 UE E K S
2 WE E K S -------------------OV ER 2 AND UN D E R 3 WE E K S
1

_

28

-

13

8
i
(12)
-

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978 — Continued
Production and related w o r k e r s
It e m

A M O U N T OF P A I D
CONTINUED

VACATION

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Office w o r k e r s
Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

AO
A7
5
8
-

28
1
67
2
2
(12)
(12)

36
3
56
1
3
<121

26
1
69
2
1
<12 1
“

Public utilities

AFTER1

5 Y E A R S OF SE RV I C E !
2 U E E K S --------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S --------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R A U E E K S
A U E E K S --------------------O V E R A AND U N D E R 5 U E E K S
6 U E E K S ---------------------

36
4
53
4
2
<12 1
1

10 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
2 U E E K S --------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 U E E K S
3 U E E K S --------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R A U E E K S
A U E E K S --------------------O V E R A AND U N D E R 5 U E E K S
5 U E E K S --------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 U E E K S
6 U E E K S ---------------------

4

-

5

-

1

<121

1

-

71
5
15
1
1
i
1

58
14
17
( 12)
4
3

77
1
1A
2
1
1
“

78
1A
5
3

81
3
12
2
1
(12)
(12)

77
<121
22

82
3
10
2
1
(12 >

90

5

_
49
44
5

1

<121

12

15

YEARS
2 UEEKS
OVER 2
3 UEEKS
OVER 3
4 UEEKS
OVER A
5 UEEKS
OVER 5
6 UEEKS

OF S E R V I C E :
--------------------AND UN D E R 3 U E E K S
-------------------AND U N D E R A U E E K S
--------------------AND U N D E R 5 U E E K S
-------------------AND U N D E R 6 U E E K S
---------------------

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
2 U E E K S -------------------3 U E E K S -------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R < U E E K S
1
A U E E K S -------------------O V E R A AND U N D E R 5 U E E K S
5 U E E K S --------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 U E E K S
6 U E E K £ -------------------8 U E E K S ---------------------

20 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
2 U E E K S -------------------3 U E E K S --------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R V U E E K S
< U E E K S --------------------1
O V E R A ANO U N D E R 5 U E E K S
5 U E E K S -------------------O V E R 5 AND U N O E R 6 U E E K S
6 U E E K S -------------------O V E R 6 ANO U N D E R 7 U E E K S
8 U E E K S ---------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




39
11
39
7
1
~
3

_

35
<121
59
2
2
(12)

'

4
1
62
4
25
2
i
i
1

4
52
10
25
2
a
3

3
26
2
61
4
2
1

38
5
42
5
6
-

1

3

-

8

2

5
10

53

56

_

3

4

2

25
-

23
3
-

2

4

1

3

2

66
i
25
2
1
1
“
5
20
70
3
1
1

"

3

"
_
4
85
7
“
4

<121

i

79
3
14
2
1
<121
<121
<121
22
2
70
3
2
<121
<121

-

72
27
<12 1
<121

_
30
~
66
i
3

<1 2 )
5

46

73
1
13

2

8

2

i

3

6A
1
26
<121
3
< 121

A2

'

9
i
<121

_

1
<121
<121

i
81
3
12
2
1
<12 1
”

<121
~

<12 1
20
3
70
4
2
<12 1

21
73
3
3
<121
-

85
13
1

_

<121

8

51
5
26

24
1
<121

-

-

-

.

75

<12 1
9

3

11

78
~
16

3

3

75
2

<12 1
< 12 1

<121

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978— Continued
Office w o r k e r s

Production and related w o r k e r s
All industries

AM O U N T OF P A I D
CONTINUED

VACATION

Manufacturing

Nonm an uf ac tu ri ng

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonm an uf ac tu ri ng

Public utilities

A F T E R 14-

25 YE A R S OF SE RV I C E :
2 W E E K S -----------------------3 W E E K S -----------------------OV E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S —
4 W E E K S ----------------------OV E R 4 AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S —
5 W E E K S -----------------------OV ER 5 AND U N D E R 6 W E E K S —
6 W E E K S ----------------------OV ER 6 AND U N O E R 7 W E E K S —
O V E R 7 ANO U N D E R 8 W E E K S -8 W E E K S -----------------------

36
2
7
1
1
1

30 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
2 W E E K S ----------------------3 W E E K S ----------------------OV ER 3 AND U N O E R 4 W E E K S —
4 W E E K S -----------------------OV ER 4 ANO U N O E R 5 W E E K S —
5 W E E K S -----------------------OV ER 5 ANO U N O E R 6 W E E K S -6 W E E K S ----------------------OV ER 6 ANO U N D E R 7 W E E K S —
OV E R 7 AND U N D E R 8 W E E K S —
8 W E E K S -----------------------

3
7
2
36
4
36
2
9
1
1
1

MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE:
2 W E E K S -----------------------3 W E E K S ----------------------OV E R 3 AND U N O E R 4 W E E K S —
4 W E E K S -----------------------OV ER 4 ANO U N D E R 5 W E E K S —
5 W E E K S -----------------------OV ER 5 AND U N O E R 6 W E E K S —
6 W E E K S -----------------------OVER 6 AND U N O E R 7 W E E K S —
OV ER 7 ANO UN O E R 8 W E E K S —
8 W E E K S -----------------------

3
7
2
36
4
36
2
8
1
2
1

3
7
2
36
4

< 12)
5
46
~
33
5
3
~
4
3
-

< 12)
5
44
36
3
5
“

4
3
_

< 12)
5
44
-

36
3
3
5
3

5
10

1

(12)
8
-

5

32
5
37
1
9
1
~

51
5
35
3

54
1
31
2
3
(12)

5

-

45

56
2
28
2
3
(12)

-

45
1
4
-

-

-

5
10
~
32
5
36
1
11
1

1

-

(12)

(12)
8
_

5
~
51
5
35
3
~

53
1
31
2
3
(12)

_
5
_

42
-

48
1
5
-

_

56
2
28
2
3
(12 )
-

(12)

3
-

80
1
12
(12)
~

(12 )
9

_

3
-

3
-

80
1
12
(12)

“

_

(12)
8

_

1

~

-

-

-

32
5
36
1
11
1

5

51
1
34
2
3
(12)

5
42
-

48
i
5
-

-

-

(12)

30

(12 1
9

(12)

5
10

~

3
~

~

-

"

~

-

-

"

51
5
35
3

(12 )
9

-

(12)

See footnotes at end of tables.




Public utilities

( 12)

-

53
2
31
2
3
(12 )
-

-

3
-

3
-

80
i
12
(12)
-

Table B-6.

Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Production and related w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Item
All industries

PERCENT

Manufacturing

N o n m anuf actur ing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanuf ac tu ri ng

Public utilities

OF U O R K E R S
U O R K E R S --------

100

100

100

100

100

.........100

100

100

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G AT
L E A S T ONE OF THE B E N E F I T S
S H O U N B E L O U 15----------------------

98

100

98

100

99

100

99

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E --------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------

93
87

99
97

91
82

97
86

99
90

96
88

99
91

99
89

A C C I D E N T A L D E A T H AND
D I S H E M R E R n E N T I N S U R A N C E -------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------

77
70

83
80

79
65

84
89

85
79

89
71

85
80

80
80

S I C K N E S S AN D A C C I D E N T I N S U R A N C E
OR S I C K L E A V E OR B O T H 1 6 ---------

89

83

91

93

95

96

99

89

33
29

35
35

33
27

65
53

32
22

29
25

32
21

57
92

57

29

70

70

86

89

85

55

20

32

19

23

8

2

9

39

LONG-TERN DISABILITY
I N S U R A N C E -------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------

39
25

35
27

33
29

37
37

66
59

69
93

65
57

62
62

H O SP IT AL IZ AT IO N INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -

98
86

100
92

97
83

100
88

99
68

100
66

99
69

100
85

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E ----NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

98
86

100
92

97
83

100
88

99
68

100
86

99
69

100
85

M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E -----NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

98
86

100
92

96
83

100
88

99
68

100
86

99
69

100
85

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

99
82

90
83

96
81

100
88

99
68

99
89

99
69

100
85

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E -------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

85
78

90
85

82
79

95
83

87
51

91
75

86
97

97
82

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N ----NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

89
82

89
79

88
83

96
91

83
76

93
69

82
78

83
81

ALL F U L L - T I M E

S I C K N E S S AND A C C I D E N T
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -----S I C K L E A V E ( F U L L P A Y ANO NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) --------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L PA Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ---------------

Se e footnotes at end of tables.




31

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for full-time workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978
Production and related w o r k e r s
All industries

Office w o r k e r s

Manufacturing

It e m
All
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
plans 17

Manufacturing

All industries

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

All
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF P L A N AND A M O U N T
OF I N S U R A N C E
ALL F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S ARE P R O V I D E D THE SAME
F L A T - S U M D O L L A R AM OU NT :
P E R C E N T OF ALL F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S * 8 -----AM O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D : * 9
M E A N -------------------------------M E D I A N ----------------------------MI D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) ---M I DD LE R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) ----AM OU NT OF I N S U R A N C E IS B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
W H I C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D OO L L A R A M O U N T OF
I N SU RA NC E FO R A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H OF S E RV IC E:
P E R C E N T OF AL L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18 ---------A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19 AF TE R:
6 M O N T H S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------M E D I A N --------------------------------MI D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) -------MI D D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) -------1 YE AR OF S E RV IC E:
M f A N ---------------------------------------

M E D I A N --------------------------------MI D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) -------MI D O L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) --------5 YE A R S OF SERV IC E:
M E A N -----------------------------------M E D I A N --------------------------------MI O D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) --------M I DD LE R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) --------10 Y E A R S OF s e r v i c e :
M E A N -----------------------------------m e d i a n --------------------------------MI D O L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) --------MI D D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) --------20 Y E A R S OF SE RV I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------M E D I A N --------------------------------M I OD LE R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) --------MI DD LE R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) ---------

64

83

* 5 .7 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0

* 5 .8 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0

55

55

* 6 .0 0 0

*6.000

* 5 .0 0 0

43

*4 .400
* 5.00 0

21

27

* 4 .3 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0

* 4 .8 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0

v8 0 0

S 4

* 5 .0 0 0

8.0 0 0

* 2 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 2 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 2 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 2 .0 0 0 -

6.0 0 0

* 2 . 0 0 0 -

6 .0 0 0

* 2 . 0 0 0 -

* 1 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 1 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 2 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 2 t OOO-lOtOOO

$2 10 0 0 -

6 t 000

* 2 . 0 0 0 -

6 .0 0 0

* 1 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 1 .0 0 0 - 1 0 ,0 0 0

(12 )

-

-

(6)

-

_
-

* 2 . 0 0 0 -

1

1

2

2

(6)

(6)

(6

(6)

(6)

<6

>
)

<6

)

(6)

(12)

(6

)

(6)

(6)

)

5 .0 0 0

* 1 . 0 0 0 -

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6

)

(6

)
>

(6

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6

)

(6

)

(6)

(6)

-

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

-

-

-

-

-

-

(6

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

~
-

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 >

<6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6 >

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6 >

<6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 )

<6 )

<6 )

(6 >

<o)

(6)

(6 )

<6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)

<6 >

<6 1

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(8)

<6 )

(6 >

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6 1

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(8)

(6 )

(6 )

<6 )

<6 )

(6 )
C6 >

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6 )
(6 >

(6 >

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

(6 1

(6)
(6)

(6)

-

-

32

(6)

_
-

-

(6)

See footnotes at end of tables.




S 5 t 000

44

“

-

-

5 .0 0 0

Table B-7.

Life insurance plans for full-time workers in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., March 1978 — Continued
P r o d u c t io n and r e la te d w o r k e r s

O f f i c e v/ o r k e r s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s

Ite m
A ll
p la n s

TYRE
OF

AMOUNT

OF

WHI CH

OF

INSURANCE
FOR

PERCENT
AMOUNT

OF
OF

ANNUAL

A ND

A

IS

A

BASED

ALL

ON

FULL-TIME

INSURANCE

A

A ll
p la n s

1
7

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s

1
7

A ll
p la n s

1
7

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s

1
7

A ll
p la n s

1
7

N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s

1
7

SCHEDULE

DOLLAR

AMOUNT

P R O V I D E D 19

ARE

A MO U N T

OF

OF

EARNINGS:

W O R K E R S 18 -------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MIODLE

RANGE

MIDDLE

RANGE

* 8.30 0

25

24

37

35

40

40

*8 .7 0 0

$8* 700

* 7.50 0

* 7 .5 0 0

* 8 .5 0 0

*8.50 0

* 7 .0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0

* 7 .0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

* 1 0 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

110.000
$ 5 * 0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0

* 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

* 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 3 .0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 -1 3 .0 0 0

*13 .0 00

* 1 2 .3 0 0

* 1 2 .8 0 0

* 1 2 .6 0 0

$13*900

* 1 3 .9 0 0

* 1 5 ,6 0 0

PERCENT)

----------------------

* 5 .0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

<80

ARE

* 8 .1 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0

$9•000

(50

PERCENT)

----------------------

* 9 .0 0 0

*9 .6 0 0

$10*000

*6 .5 0 0

$7 *000

* 1 0 .0 0 0 :

M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDDLE

RANGE

MIODLE

RANGE

EARNINGS

13

* 5 .0 0 0 :

MEDIAN

EARNINGS

14

IF:

M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ANNUAL

1
7

A MO UNT

SPECIFIED

SPECIFIED

EARNINGS

ANNUAL

N o n co n trib u to r y
p la n s

I N S U R A N C E —C O N T I N U E D

INDICATES

I NSUR ANC E

PLAN

1
7

*11 .5 00

* 1 1 .5 0 0

(50

----------------------

* 1 0 .0 0 0 -1 4 .0 0 0

* 1 0 .0 0 0 -1 4 .0 0 0

(80

ARE

PERCENT)
PERCENT)

----------------------

*10 * 0 0 0 - 2 0 . 000

* 1 0 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

* 1 1 .5 0 0
* 1 0 .0 0 0 -1 4 .0 0 0
* 9 .5 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0

* 1 1 .5 0 0

* 12 ,0 00

* 1 0 .0 0 0

*15 .6 00
$15,000

$1 0 * 0 0 0 -1 4 * 0 0 0

* 1 0 .0 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0

* 1 0 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 0 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

1 9 .5 0 0 -2 0 ,0 0 0

* 7 .0 0 0 - 2 5 .0 0 0

* 7 .0 0 0 - 2 5 .0 0 0

* 1 0 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

$18* 200

12 0.30 0

* 2 0 ,4 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0 :

M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*18 .5 00

* 1 6 .5 0 0

*18 .3 0 0

11 6.50 0

*1 5 .0 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0

* 2 3 .9 0 0
* 2 7 .0 0 0

*23 .9 00
127.000

MEDIAN

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDDLE

RANGE

<50

PERCENT)

----------------------

*15 t 0 0 0 -2 0 t 000

* 1 5 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

* 1 6 .5 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 -2 1 .0 0 0

* 1 5 ,0 0 0 -2 1 .0 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 0 - 3 0 .0 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

MIDOLE
ANNUAL

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

----------------------

* 1 2 .5 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

* 1 2 .5 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

* 1 1 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

* 1 1 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

* 7 .0 0 0 - 3 7 .5 0 0

* 7 . 0 0 0 - 3 7 .5 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

*2 6 .8 0 0

* 2 7 .0 0 0

E A R N I N G S ARE 1 2 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*16 .5 00

* 1 7 .9 0 0

*24 .7 00
$21*000

$24*000
* 2 1 .0 0 0

* 2 3 .7 0 0
* 2 2 .0 0 0

*2 3 .9 0 0
*2 2 ,0 0 0

* 3 1 .0 0 0

131.000
133.000

MEDIAN

OF

ANNUAL

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

----------------------

* 2 0 .0 0 0 -2 8 .0 0 0

$ 2 0* 0 00 -28 * 00 0

* 2 0 .0 0 0 -2 8 .0 0 0

1 2 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 8 .0 0 0

* 1 9 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

* 2 0 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

* 3 3 .0 0 0
* 2 0 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

* 2 0 ,0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

MIDOLE

AMOUNT

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDOLE

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

----------------------

* 1 5 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

4 1 5 .0 0 0 - 4 0 .0 0 0

* 1 1 .5 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

$1 1*5 0 0 -4 0 * 0 0 0

* 7 .0 0 0 - 5 0 .0 0 0

* 7 . 0 0 0 - 5 0 .0 0 0

* 1 5 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

$15* 0 0 0 - 4 0 . 0 0 0

I NSUR ANC E

IS

EXPRESSED

A

AS

FACTOR

* 20 ,0 00

* 2 0 ,0 0 0

OF

EARN INGS:'0

PERCENT
FACTOR

OF
OF

amount

ALL

FULL-TIME

ANNUAL
of

W O R K E R S 1 8 --------------------------

EARNINGS

i n s u r a n c e

USED

TO

9

8

8

7

16

12

27

25

CALCULATE

: 19 00

M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.69

1.60

1.61

1.61

1.41

1 .2 2

1.50

MEDIAN

2.00

2 .0 0

1.00

1.00

1.00

1 .00

1.00

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.46
1.00

MIDDLE

PLANS

<50

PERCENT)

-----------------------

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 1 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 .0 0

MIDOLE
PERCENT

RANGE

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 3 .0 0

1 . 0 0 - 3 . 0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 .0 0

1.0 0 - 2 . 0 0

1 . 0 0 - 2 .0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

OF
NOT

INSURANCE
PERCENT
PLANS

OF

ALL

FULL-TIME

SPECIFYING

A

WORKERS

COVERED

MAXI MUM

A MO UNT

BY
OF

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ALL

FULL-TIME

SPECIFYING

A

WORKERS

MAXIMUM

COVERED

A MO UNT

9

8

8^

7

15

12

(12)

(12)

(12 )

-

-

M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(6 )

(6)

-

_

-

-

(6)

-

(6 )
<6 )

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SPECIFIED

MAXI MUM

A MO UNT

OF

(12)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

<6 )

(6)

MIODLE

OF

p l a n

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

-----------------------

(6 )

(6)

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

-----------------------

(6)

* 78 .7 00

(6)

INSURANCE

IS

8ASE0

ON

S OME

-

-

* 7 8 .7 0 0

-

-

(6)

-

(6)

*

I N S U R A N C E : 19

MIOOLE

m e d ia n

OF

25

(6)

INSURANCE

A MO U N T

27

8Y

OF

OTHER

TYPE

:

PERCENT

OF

ALL

FULL-TIME

W O R K E R S 1 8 -------------------------

6

4

8

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le s .




33

8

1

1

2

2

Footnotes

Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

14 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage
of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's
pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not n ecessarily reflect
individual provisions for progression; for exam ple, changes in proportions
at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates are cumula­
tive. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years
includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which
5
at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer.
"Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as w orkers' disability compensation, social se ­
curity, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and
6
accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to
those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay
that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined
on an individual basis are excluded.
17 Estimates under "A ll plans" relate to all plans for which at least
a part of the cost is borne by the employer. Estim ates under "Noncontrib­
utory plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer.
18 For "A ll in d u stries," all full-tim e production and related workers
or office workers equal 100 percent.
For "M anu facturing," all full-tim e
production and related workers or office workers in manufacturing equal 100
percent.
1 The mean amount is computed by multiplying the number of workers
9
provided insurance by the amount of insurance provided, totaling the prod­
ucts, and dividing the sum by the number of w orkers. The median indicates
that half of the workers are provided an amount equal to or sm aller and half
an amount equal to or larger than the amount shown. Middle range (50 p er­
cent)— a fourth of the workers are provided an amount equal to or less than
the sm aller amount and a fourth are provided an amount equal to or more
than the larger amount. Middle range (80 percent)— 10 percent of the work­
ers are provided an amount equal to or less than the sm aller amount and 10
percent are provided an amount equal to or m ore than the larger amount.
20 A factor of annual earnings is the number by which annual earnings
are multiplied to determine the amount of insurance provided. For example,
a factor of 2 indicates that for annual earnings of $ 10, 000 the amount of
insurance provided is $ 20, 000.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive
their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at reg­
ular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly
hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of
all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median desig­
nates position— half of the workers receive the same or more and half r e ­
ceive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than
the lower of these rates and a fourth earn the same or more than the
higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was
provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for
skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates re­
late to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
7 Form ally established minimum regular straight-tim e hiring sal­
aries that are paid for standard workweeks.
8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
9 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for
the most common standard workweeks reported.
1 Includes all production and related workers in establishments
0
currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions
cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently
operating late shifts.
1 Less than 0.05 percent.
1
1 Less than 0.5 percent.
2
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount;
3
for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days
includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2
half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.




34

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 75 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and serv ices. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this
survey, as well as the number actually studied.
Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year
intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal
v isit, m ail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments
participating in the previous survey.

A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is
selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, less
establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
most c a ses, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.
The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all
establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry
and number of em ployees.
From this stratified universe a probability
sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance
of selection.
To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than sm all establishments is selected. When data are
combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of
selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one
out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent
itself plus three others.
An alternate of the same original probability is
chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available
from the original sample m em ber. If no suitable substitute is available,
additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is sim ilar to the
m issing unit.*
* Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a.—N .C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles
are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the
survey, are not presented in the A -se r ie s tables because either (1) employ­
ment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit presen­
tation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment
data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men
or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.
Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in
the overall classification when a sub classification is not shown or information
to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time
workers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded .to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations
are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution
of workers on some A -tables indicate a change in the size of the class
intervals.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual
jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change,
or high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment oould decrease an
occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase
wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in
table A - 7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estim ates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations
should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within
individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences
include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid
incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the
general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees
in these surveys usually are m ore generalized than those used in individual
establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in
specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Electronic data p rocessing2
Computer systems
analysts, classes
A , B, and C
Computer program m ers,
classes A, B, and C
Industrial nurses
Registered industrial
nurses
Skilled maintenance
Carpenters
Electricians
Percent changes for indivic
as follows:

Skilled maintenance—
Continued
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
M aterial handling laborers
areas in the program are computed

1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in the
survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
2.
The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting
the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples.
The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may
affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid
under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods
of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom
of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown.
(It is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its
proportionate employment in the occupational group in
the base year.

3.

These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight.
The products are totaled
to obtain a group average.

4.

The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year
by the average for the earlier year.
The result—
expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

For a more detailed description of the method used to compute
these wage trends, see "Improving A rea Wage Survey In d e x es," Monthly
Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes
A and B
File clerks, classes A ,
B , and C
Messenge rs
Switchboard operators

Order clerks, classes
A and B
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Key entry operators,
classes A and B




The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions is studied for full-tim e production and related workers and
office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as
production workers) include working supervisors and all non supervisory
workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating,
processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, pack­
ing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard s e r ­
v ices, product development, auxiliary production for plant's ow n use
(e .g ., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely a sso c i­
ated with the above production operations.
(Cafeteria and route workers
^ The earnings of computer operators are not included in the wage trend computation ior this group.
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be
production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing
clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting,
advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel,
sa le s, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation.
Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well
as construction workers utilized as separate work forces are excluded from
both the production and office worker categories.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) . Minimum entrance salaries
for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the
optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely than sm all establishments to have formal entrance
rates above the subclerical lev el, the table is more representative of policies
in medium and large establishments.
(The " X 's " shown under standard
weekly hours indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.)
Shift differentials----manufacturing (table B -2 ). Data were collected
on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for
production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having
policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation
of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12
months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials
which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production
workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply
only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the majority of
the shift hours is recorded.
For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening)
shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at
or near midnight.
Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately
for (1) establishment policies (an establishment's differentials are weighted
by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey)
and (2) effective practices (an establishment's differentials are weighted by
production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).
Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health,
insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the
production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to
all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision
is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a m ajority. Holidays;
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are considered applicable
to employees currently eligible for the benefits as well as to employees who
will eventually become eligible.
Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B -3 ). Scheduled weekly
hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which full­
time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at
straight-tim e or overtime rates.
Paid holidays (table B - 4 ) . Holidays are included if workers who
are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to
work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included
only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in




written form or established by custom). Holidays
in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday
granted another day off. Paid personal holiday
the automobile and related industries, are included

are included even though
and employees are not
plans, typically found in
as paid holidays.

Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are
granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted
specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are
aggregated).
Paid vacations (table B -5 ) . Establishments report their method of
calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum
payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal
plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended"
or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans are excluded.
For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed
on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is
converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings,
for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay.
A lso, provisions after each specified length of service are related
to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of
service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation
pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length
of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted
present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than
proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits.
Health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ). Health,
insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays
either all or part of the cost. The cost may be (1) underwritten by a
com m ercial insurance company or nonprofit organization, (2) covered by a
union fund to which the employer has contributed, or (3) borne directly by
the employer out of operating funds or a fund set aside to cover the cost.
A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establish­
ment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear
part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or will
eventually become available to a majority). Legally required plans such as
social security, railroad retirement, workers' disability compensation, and
temporary disability insurance 3 are excluded.
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workeis for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually
through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker.
Information is also provided in table B -7 on types of life insurance plans
and the amount of coverage ii> all industries combined and in manufacturing.
Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans
which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a
direct result of an accident.

Labor-management agreement coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of full-tim e production
and office workers employed in establishments in the San Francisco—
Oakland
area in which a union contract or contracts covered a m ajority of the
workers in the respective categories, March 1978:
Production and
related workers

Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which
provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees
who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e .g ., $ 50 a week
for up to 26 weeks of disability.
Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 4 which provide for
continuing an em ployee's pay during absence from work because of illness.
Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no
waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a
waiting period.
Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally
disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sick­
ness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability
(typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a
maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial pay­
ments are almost always reduced by social security, w orkers' disability
compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee.
Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported
in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered.
Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover
other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons' fees. Medical
insurance covers doctors' fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans
restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor's care for minor
ailments at a worker's place of employment are not considered to be
medical insurance.
Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go
beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and
medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a
"deductible" (e .g ., $5 0 ) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance
feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e .g ., 20 percent) of
certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g .,
$ 10, 000 a year).

All industries-----------------------Manufacturing------- ---------Nonmanufacturing
— —
Public utilities_______

27
5
32
56

80
88
76
100

An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all
production or office workers if a m ajority of such workers is covered by a
labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office
workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labormanagement contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of their production or office workers.
Estim ates are not n ecessarily
representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be
covered by the provisions of labor-managem ent agreem ents, because sm all
establishments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
Almost one-fourth of the workers within the scope of the survey in
the San Francisco—
Oakland area were employed in manufacturing firm s. The
following presents the major industry groups and specific industries as a
percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Food and kindred products------- 17
Fabricated metal products------- 10
Machinery, except
electrica l_____________________ 10
Prim ary metal industries------- 9
Transportation equipment_____ 9
Printing and publishing_______ 8
Chemicals and allied
products______________________ 8
Electric and electronic
equipment-------------------------------- 8
Paper and allied products_____ 5
Petroleum and coal products.. 5

Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits,
usually for fillings, extractions, and X -r a y s . Plans which provide benefits
only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported.
Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the
retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide
the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity.
4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Office workers

Specific industries
Motor vehicles and
equipment___________________
Petroleum refining___________

6
5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived
from universe materials compiled before actual survey. Proportions in
various industry divisions may differ from proportions based on the results
of the survey as shown in appendix table 1.

38

Appendix table 1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
.
in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.,1 March 1978
2
W o r k e r s in establishments

N u m b e r of establishments

Industry division 2

Minimum
employment
in establish­
m e n t s in scope
of study

Within s c o p e of study
Within s c o p e
of study 3

Studied
Studied
Number

Percent

Full-time
production a n d
related w o r k e r s

Total4

Full-time
office w o r k e r s

Total4

ALL E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
ALL DI V I S I O N S --------------------------------------

-

1.553

204

463.644

100

210.941

112.341

206.369

M A N U F A CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------TR AN SP OR TA TI ON . CO M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
OTHER PUB L IC U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------WHO LE S AL E TRADE
-----------------------------------R E TA IL TRADE
----------------------------------------------FI NAN CE. INSURAN CE. AND REAL ES TA TE
SE RV I C E S 7 ----------------------------------------------

100
-

370
1*183

72
132

115.921
347.723

25
75

67.011
143.93 0

19,080
93.261

51.927
154.442

100
50
100
50
50

102
251
177
246
407

22
20
20
18
52

82 .242
27.723
94 *013
76.973
66 *772

18
6
20
17
14

38.615
C6 >

19.277
<<1
■
c6 »

(61
<6 1

61.196
4.643
40.417
31.952
16.234

ALL D I V I S I O N S --------------------------------------

-

15V

72

262.82 5

100

118.298

67.569

183.229

MA NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------T R A N SP OR TA TI ON . CO M M U N I C A T I O N . ANO
OTHER PUB L IC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------W H O L ES AL E TRADE
--------------------------------R E TA IL TRAOE
-----------------------------------FI NAN CE. INSU RANCE. ANO REAL ES TA TE
-------S E R V I C E S 7 -----------------------------------------

500
-

48
111

28
44

60 *6 72
202.15 3

23
77

33.310
84.988

10.329
57.240

43.236
139.993

500
500
500
500
500

18
5
51
18
19

11
3
13
7
10

25
1
27
16
7

29.593
( >
< >
< >
<<■>

16.210
<6 >
< >
<6 >
(6 >

58.601
2.250
38.989
29.909
10.244

< ‘»
<<■»
<6 >

L A RG E E S T A B L I S H M E N T S

1 T h e S a n F r a n c i s c o — O a k l a n d S t andard Metropolitan Statistical A r e a , as defined by the Office
of M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, consists of A l a m e d a , C o n t r a Costa, M a r i n ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o , a n d S a n M a t e o Counties.
T h e " w o r k e r s within scope of study" estimates s h o w n in
this table p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y accu r a t e description of the size a n d c o m p o s i t i o n of the labor force
included in the survey.
E s t i m a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , for c o m p a r i s o n with other e m p l o y ­
m e n t indexes to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t trends o r levels since (1) planning of w a g e s u r v e y s requires
e stablishment data c o m p i l e d c onsiderably in a d v a n c e of the payroll p e riod studied, a n d (2) s m all
establi s h m e n t s a r e excluded f r o m the sco p e of the survey.
2 T h e 1972 edition of the S t a n d a r d Industrial Classification M a n u a l w a s u s e d to classify
est a b l i s h m e n t s b y industry division.
H o w e v e r , all g o v e r n m e n t operations a r e excluded f r o m the
s c o p e of the survey.
3 Includes all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with total e m p l o y m e n t at or ab ove the m i n i m u m limitation.
All
outlets (within the area) of c o m p a n i e s in industries suc h as trade, finance, auto repair service,
a n d m o t i o n picture theaters a r e co n s i d e r e d as o n e establishment.




66 *650
3.850
71,607
42.387
17.659'

6
6
6

6

4 Includes executive, professional, part-time, a n d other w o r k e r s excluded f r o m the separate
production a n d office categories.
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to "public utilities" in the A - a n d B - s e r i e s tables.
T a x i c a b s and services
incidental to w a t e r transportation are excluded.
T h e local transit s y s t e m s in the San F r a n c i s c o —
O a k l a n d a r e a are municipally oper a t e d and excluded b y definition f r o m the s c o p e of the study.
6 S e parate presentation of data is not m a d e for this division.
7 Hotels a n d motels; laundries a n d other p e rsonal services; business services; automobile
repair, rental, a n d parking; m o t i o n pictures; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p organizations (excluding religious
a n d charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

39

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the
Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into
appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of
payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to
establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of
occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability
of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ sig­
nificantly from those in use in individual establishments or those pre­
pared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the
Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working super­
visors; apprentices; and part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.
Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their
handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless
specifically included in the job description, are excluded.

Office
SECRET ARY— Continued

SECRETARY
Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual.
Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activ­
ities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of
detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the
organization, program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
E x c lu s io n s

Not all positions that are titled "s e c r e ta r y " possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition
are as follows:




Exclus ions— Continued
a. Positions which do not meet the
described above;

"p erso n a l"

b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
c. Stenographers serving as office assistants
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;

Guard
Shipper and receiver
(previously surveyed
as shipping and
receiving clerk)
Truckdriver

The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator.
classified as watchmen are now classified as guards under the revised description.

40

to a group of pro­

d. Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or m ore re ­
sponsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which
are not typical’ of secretarial work, e .g ., Administrative A s s is t ­
ant, or Executive A ssistant;

Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced
in this survey:
Order clerk
Payroll clerk
Secretary
Key entry operator
Transcribing-m achine typist
Computer operator

secretary concept

W orkers previously

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRET ARY— Continued

Exclusions— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

e.

Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled ''Level of S u p erviso r," e .g ., secretary to the
president of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;

f.

Trainees.

Classification by Level

P'S—
4

Secretary jobs which meet the above characteristics are matched at
one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company's organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility. The chart following the explanations of these two
factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the
factors.
Level cS Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
f
Secretaries should be matched at one of the four LS levels described
below according to the level of the secretary's supervisor within the company
organizational structure.
LS—1

a.

Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or

b.

LS—2

Secretary to a non supervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert.
(NOTE: M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

a.

Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for LS—
3, but whose organizational unit normally
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or

b.

LS—3

Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.

Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100
but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a m ajor corporatewide functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e.g ., a regional headquar­
te r s; a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 2 5,000 employees; or
d. Secretary to the head of
(or other equivalent level
over 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or




e.

an individual plant, factory, etc.,
of official) that em ploys, in all,

Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e.g ., a middle management supervisor of an organi­
zational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that
employs, in all, over 25,0 0 0 persons.

NOTE: The term "corporate o fficer" used in the above LS def­
inition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy­
making role with regard to major company activities. The title "vice
p resid en t," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; di­
rectly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o fficers" for purposes of applying the definition.
Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR)
This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between
the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is
expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched
at LR—1 or LR— described below according to their level of responsibility.
2
Level of Pesponsibility 1 (LR—1)
Perform s varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most
of the following:
a.

Answers telephones,
coming mail.

greets

b.

Answers telephone requests which have standard answers.
reply to requests by sending a form letter.

c.

Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to ensure procedural and
typographical accuracy.

d. Maintains supervisor's
instructed.
e.

personal

calendar

and

ca llers,

makes

Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.

and

opens in­
May

appointments

as

SECRET ARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

Level of Responsibility 2 (LR—
2)

Stenographer, Senior

P erform s duties described under LR—1 and, in addition performs
tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions
including o r comparable to most of the following:

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up
and maintain files, keep records, etc.

a. Screens telephone and personal ca llers, determining which can
be handled by the supervisor's subordinates or other offices.
b.

Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of of­
fice procedures or collection of information from files or
other offices.
May sign routine correspondence in own or
supervisor's name.

c.

Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis
of general instructions.

d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s ­
sem bles n ecessary background m aterial for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.
e.

Explains supervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
v iso r 's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)

The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each
LS and LR combination:

Level of secretary's
_____ supervisor_____

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater in­
dependence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by
the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and
accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office pro­
cedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­
graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow­
up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; com ­
posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming
m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST
Prim ary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s , keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

Level of secretary's responsibility
TYPIST
LR—1

LS—1----------------------------------------------------------LS—
2______________________________________
LS—
3__
LS—
A
__________ _— _ _ _ _ _ ___________

OR

Class
Class
Class
Class

E
D
C
B

LR—
2
Class D
Class C
Class B
Class A

STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation.
May also type from written copy. May operate from a
stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if
primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine
Typist).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager
or executive and perform s more responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
pro cesses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and
distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or m ore of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc,, of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit
circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.
FILE CLERK

Stenographer, General
keep

Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files,
simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.




F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

Class A . C lassifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a sm all group of lower level file clerks.

adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following-up
to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know
of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice
against original order.

Class B . S o rts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards m aterial. May per­
form related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include
any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material
or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowl­
edge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing
selling skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.

C lass C . P erform s routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested,
locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m aterial; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Positions
definitions:

MESSENGER
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

are

classified

into

levels

according to

the following

Class A . Handles orders that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product or material from the establishment's product
lines will satisfy the custom er's needs, or determining the price to be quoted
when pricing involves more than m erely referring to a price list or making
some simple mathematical calculations.
C lass B . Handles orders involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual,
or sim ilar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify
price of ordered item.
ACCOUNTING CLERK

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls.
May provide information to callers, record and transmit m essages,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's
tim e, and is usually perform ed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or
lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Ope rator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.
ORDER CLERK
Receives written or verbal custom ers' purchase orders for material
or merchandise from custom ers or sales people. Work typically involves
some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availa­
bility of ordered item s and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising
expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer
information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and




Perform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office
practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and re­
cording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the
worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a
knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions
definitions:

are

classified into levels

on the basis of the following

Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting trans­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
more class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, perform s one or more routine accounting
clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

PAYROLL CLERK— Continued

where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated;
checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings;
and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system , computes wages. Work may require a practical
knowledge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the
computer system for processing payrolls.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used.
Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, custom ers' accounts (not in­
cluding a simple type of billing described under machine b iller), cost dis­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.
MACHINE BILLER
Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:
Billing-machine b iller. Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers'
purchase ord ers, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch
machine or key-operated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe
data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in
operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing
procedures and relevant data entry equipment.
Positions
definitions:

are classified

into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents.
On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B.
NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry
controls to a ccess, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to
take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a sim ilar level of
knowledge.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from
various standardized source documents which have been coded and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers
to supervisor problems arising from erroneous item s, codes, or m issing
information.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

Bookkeeping-machine b ille r. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers' bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on custom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.
PAYROLL CLERK
Perform s the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to
maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing
workers' time or production records; adjusting workers' records for changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll




Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable program m ers to prepare
required digital computer program s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and
participates in trial runs of new and revised system s; and recommends
equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations.
(NOTE:
Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be
classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing employees,
or systems analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or engineering
problem s.

language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work
involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capa­
bilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular sub­
ject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to
be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow
charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these
charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects
program s; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production
run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating effi­
ciency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program de­
velopment and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems anal­
ysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)

For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use require­
ments of output data.
(For example, develops an integrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full
system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the
computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing
problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of new or
revised system s of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, 'for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.

Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing employees,
or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering
problem s.
For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:

May provide functional
who are assigned to assist.

direction to lower level systems analysts

Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate. Problem s are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related.
(For example,
develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with
persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or
system , as described for class A. Works independently on routine assign­
ments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work
is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to
insure proper alignment with the overall system.

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction
on complex problems which require competence in all phases of pro­
gramming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts
which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to
be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the prob­
lem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed
to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equip­
ment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse prod­
ucts from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and ex­
tensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be re­
used, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to
data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a
highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who
are assigned to assist.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS

Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple program s, or on simple segments of complex programs.
Program s (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a
system s analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are re­
quired to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the programmer develops the pre­
cise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded

Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under
close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist
higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.

Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses
as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to
develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and
skills required for system s analysis work. For example, may assist a higher
level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by
program m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.




OR

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

May guide or instruct lower level program m ers.

Class B . In addition to established production runs, work assign­
ments include runs involving new program s, applications, and procedures
(i.e ., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problem s).
At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly
independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require
the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating
procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error con­
ditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may
deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation
does not materially alter the computer unit's production plans. Refers the
problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a
solution. May guide lower level operators.

Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in form al training courses. Assignments
are designed to develop competence in the application of standard pro­
cedures to routine problem s.
Receives close supervision on new aspects
of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance
with required procedures.
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates
the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by
either serial processing (processes one program at a tim e) or multi­
processing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following
duties characterize the work of a computer operator:
- Studies
needed.

operating

- Loads equipment
paper, etc.).

instructions
with

to

required

determine
items

equipment

(tapes,

Class C . Work assignments are limited to established production
runs (i.e ., programs which present few operating problem s). Assignments
may consist prim arily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by
classroom instruction). When learning to run program s, the supervisor or a
higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the
operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience
with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in
applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to
computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a
higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.

setup

cards, disks,

- Switches necessary auxilliary equipment into system.
- Starts and operates computer.

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR

- Responds to operating and computer output instructions.
- Reviews error m essages and makes corrections during operation
or refers problem s.

Operates peripheral equipment w h i c h directly supports digital
computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed
for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically
connected to a computer. P rinters, plotters, card read/punches, tape
readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units
are examples of such equipment.

- Maintains operating record.
May test-run new or modified program s. May a ssist in modifying
systems or program s. The scope of this definition includes trainees working
to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer
operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level
operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals.

The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment
operator:

Class A . In addition to work assignments described for a class B
operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one
of the following:

- Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting
controls for form s, thickness, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.

- Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of infor­
mation or to conserve computer time even though the procedures
applied materially alter the computer unit's production plans.

- Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.

- Tests new program s, applications, and procedures.

- Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment.

- Advises programm ers
techniques.

and

subject-m atter

experts

- Checking labels and mounting and dismounting
reels or disks on specified units or drives.

on s e t u p

- Observing panel lights for warnings
taking appropriate action.

- A ssists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating
systems or program s; (2) developing operating instructions and
techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to
emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working
knowledge of program language, computer features, and software
sy stem s).
An operator at this level typically guides




and error

designated tape

indications and

- Examining tapes, cards, or other m aterial for crea ses, tears,
or other defects which could cause processing problem s.
This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a
control console (see computer operator) or a remote term inal, or (2) whose
duties are limited to operating decollaters, bu rsters, separators, or sim ilar
equipment.

lower level operators.

46

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN

Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used
for automatic data processing applications. The following or sim ilar duties
characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging,
and storing media in accordance with a standardized system ; upon proper
requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases
and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to
determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs
to damaged tapes.

Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.

DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form , function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work
is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering
determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B . P erform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used.
Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of founda­
tions, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of
m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor. Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information.
Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given
with initial assignm ents. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
D R A FT E R -TR A C E R
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assem blers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.
Positions
definitions:

are classified

into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by
reference to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents! in working on
electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of
the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in per­
forming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave form s,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test in­
struments (e .g ., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q -m e te r s, deviation m eters,
pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.

AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
Work is closely supervised during progress.




Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed in ­
structions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN— Continued

tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e.g ., m ultim eters, audio signal generators, tube teste rs, oscilloscopes). Is
not required to be fam iliar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to in­
crease competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance
to higher level technician.

equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools
and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the main­
tenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed
review when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, afccident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER
P erform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to di­
mensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distri­
bution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves
most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical
equipment such as generators, tran sform ers, switchboards, controllers,
circuit breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other tran s­
m ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other
specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or




MAINTENANCE PAINTER
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes
and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors,
o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con­
sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MACHINIST
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifica­
tions; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard
machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds
of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common m etals;
selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for this work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
m achinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs;
preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassem bling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and p er­
forming repairs that involve the use of such handtools a s'w ren ch es, gauges,

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)— Continued

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; re ­
assembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making
necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or
tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of le sse r skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials
and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to
perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

This classification d o e s not i n c l u d e
custom ers' vehicles in automobile repair shops.

mechanics

who

repair

MAINTENANCE PIP E FITTER

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipe fittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel'and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers prim arily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating system s
are excluded.

Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine
tool (e .g ., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to
machine metal for use in making or maintaining jig s, fixtures, cutting tools,
gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or
nonmetallic material (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically
involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which
require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine
tool or tools (e .g ., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select
those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of
precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances.
May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils,
to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the
work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in
this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and tool­
room practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
experience.

MAINTENANCE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of
sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifica­
tions; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out work;
interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools
and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to str e sse s, strength
of m aterials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment;
selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and
maintaining in good order power transm ission equipment such as drives and
speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs jig s, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or
metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e.g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves:
Planning and laying out work according to m odels, blueprints, drawings, or
other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of
common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations;
setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using
various tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to p re­
scribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).

STATIONARY ENGINEER

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or a irconditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air com p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer
are excluded.

Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying the correctness of incoming shipments by comparing items and
quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, m anifests, storage
receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that
goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the
establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received.

BOILER TENDER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which e m ­
ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in
good working order. Salesroute and over-th e-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and
rated capacity of truck, as follows:
Truckdriver, light truck
(straight truck, under IV2 tons, usually 4 wheels)
Truckdriver, medium truck
(straight truck, IV2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels)
Truckdriver, heavy truck
(straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels)
Truckdriver, tractor-trailer
SHIPPER AND RECEIVER
P erform s clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming
shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established
guidelines. In handling unusual nonroutine problem s, receives specific guid­
ance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the
activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being
received.
Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities
of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments
are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into
transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e .g .,
manifests, bills of lading.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Shipper
Receiver
Shipper and receiver

WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying m aterials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
m aterials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m aterials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
taking inventory of stored m aterials; examining stored m aterials and re ­
porting deterioration and damage; removing m aterial from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose prim ary duties involve shipping and re-'
ceiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling
(see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Pow er-Truck Operator).

ORDER FILLER
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers'
ord ers, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.

SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing
container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

M ATERIAL HANDLING LABORER

GUARD— Continued

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freight
c a rs, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
m aterials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshore
w orkers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.

Guards employed by establishments which provide protective se r ­
vices on a contract basis are included in this occupation.
For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:
Class A . Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of
security. E xercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with em er­
gencies and security violations encountered.
Determines whether first
response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed
necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to re­
port situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties
require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security
areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical
fitness and proficiency with firearm s or other special weapons.

P O W ER-TRUCK OPERATOR
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck
or tractor to t rein sport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

Class B . Carries out instructions prim arily oriented toward in­
suring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and
reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which
require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require
minimal training.
Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate
physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate
proficiency in the use of firearm s or special weapons.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:
Forklift operator
Pow er-truck operator (other than forklift)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping,
mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or
trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning,
lavatories, showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window
washing are excluded.

GUARD
Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards
or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on
foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized
to make a rrests.
May also help visitors and customers by answering
questions and giving directions.




51

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The following areas are sur­
veyed periodically for use in admin­
istering the Service Contract Act
of 1965. Survey results are pub­
lished in releases which are availa­
ble, at no cost, while supplies last
from any of the BLS regional offices
shown on the back cover.
Alaska (statewide)
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria—L eesville, La.
Alpena—
Standisb—Tawas City, Mich.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C,
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle Creek, Mich.
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—Orange, Tex.
BeaumonPPort Arthur—
Orange
and Lake Charles, T ex.—
La.
Biloxi—
Gulfport and Pascagoula—
Moss Point, M iss.
Binghamton, N .Y.
Birmingham, Ala.
Bloomington—
Vincennes, Ind.
B reme rton—
Shelton, Wash.
Brunswick, Ga.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana—Rantoul, 111.
Charleston—
North Charleston—
Waiterboro, S.C.
Charlotte—
Gastonia, N.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo,
Clarksville—
Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky,
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia—
Sumter, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Columbus, M iss.
Decatur, 111.
Des Moines, Iowa
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—W is.
El Paso—
Alamogordo—
Las Cruces,
Tex.— Mex.
N.
Eugene—
Springfield—
Medford, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.




Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood
and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick—Hagerstown—
Chambersburg, M d.-P a.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Guam, Territory of
Harrisburg—
Lebanon, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas—
Tonopah, Nev.
Lim a, Ohio
Little Rock^North Little Rock, Ark.
Logansport—
Peru, Ind.
Lorain—E lyria, Ohio
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.—
Del.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, W is.
Maine (statewide)
Mansfield, Ohio
McAllen—
Phar r—
Edinburg
and B rowns ville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Meridian, M iss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and
Ocean C os., N.J.
Mobile—
Pensacola—Panama City,
Ala.—
Fla.
Montana (statewide)
Nashville—
Davidson, Tenn.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
New Hampshire (statewide)
New London—
Norwich, Conn.—R.I.
North Dakota (statewide)
Northern New York
Northwest Texas
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Peoria, 111.
Phoenix, A riz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Raleigh—Durham, N.C.
Reno, Nev.
Salina, Kans.

Salinas—
Seaside—
Monterey, Calif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota (statewide)
Southern Idaho
Southwest Virginia
Spokane, Wash.
Springfield, 111.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson—
Douglas,' A riz.
Tulsa, Okla.
Upper Peninsula, Mich.
Vermont (statewide)
Virgin Islands of the U.S.
Waco and Killeen—
Temple, Tex.
Waterloo—Cedar Falls , Iowa
West Virginia (statewide)
Wichita Falls—
Lawton—
Altus ,
T ex.—
Okla.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.
Y akima—Richland—
Kennewick—
Pendleton, Wash.—
Oreg.

ALSO AVAILABLE—
An annual report on salaries for
accountants, auditors, chief account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts, direc­
tors of personnel, buyers, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians,
drafters, a n d clerical employees
is available. Order as BLS B ulle­
tin 1980, National Survey of P ro ­
fessional, Administrative, Technical
and C lerical Pay, March 1977, $ 2.40
a copy, from any of the BLS r e ­
gional sales offices shown on the
back cover, or from the Superin­
tendent of Documents, U.S. Govern­
ment Printing O ffice, Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys

\

A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins
'may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back
cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years
1970 through 1976, is available on request.
A rea

Bulletin number
and price*

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1977------------------------------------------------------------ 1950-70, 80 cents
Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N . Y . , Sept. 1977 ------------------------ 1950-52, 80 cents
Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove,
Calif., Oct. 1977______________________________________________ 1950-60, $1.0 0
Atlanta, Ga., May 1977------------------------------------------------------------- 1950-17, $1.20
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1977------------------------------------------------------ 1950-39, $1.20
Billings, Mont., July 1977 1 ----------------------------------------------------- 1950-40, $1.00
Birmingham, A l a ., Mar. 1977------------------------------------------------- 1950-8, 85 cents
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1977 ------------------------------------------------------- 1950-50, $1.20
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1977 ---------------------------------------------------------- 1950-58, $ 1.00
Canton, Ohio, May 1977 1 --------------------------------------------------------- 1950-28, $1.10
Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1977 -------------------------------------- 1950-44, 70 cents
Chicago, 111., May 1977 1.................................................................. .
1950-41, $1.40
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., July 1 9 7 7 1 ---------------------------------- 1950-45, $1.20
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1977 1 -------------------------------------------------- 1950-53, $1.40
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1977___________________________________ 1950-64, $ 1.00
Corpus Christi, T ex ., July 1977 1 ------------------------------------------ 1950-35, $1.00
Dallas-Fort Worth, T ex ., Oct. 1977_________________________ 1950-65, $ 1.20
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1978______ 2025-6 , 70 cents
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1977 1____________________________________ 1950-71, $ 1.10
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1977 1------------------------------------------- 1950-43, $1.00
Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1977 1-------------------------------------- 1950-74, $ 1.40
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1977____________________________________ 1950-13, $1.20
Fresno, Calif., June 1977 -------------------------------------------------------- 1950-30, 70 cents
Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1977 1________________________________ 1950-4 6, $1.00
Green Bay, W i s ., July 1977----------------------------------------------------- 1950-36, 70 cents
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1977 1 _____________________________________________ 1950-42, $1.10
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S .C ., June 1977 ----------------------------- 1950-33, 70 cents
Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1977__________________________________ 1950-9 , 80 cents
Houston, Tex., Aug. 1977 1 ___________________________________ 1950-48, $1.40
Huntsville, A l a ., Feb. 1978___________________________________ 2025-4 , 70 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1977_________________________________
1950-56, $1.00
Jackson, M i s s ., Jan. 1978____________________________________ 2025-1 , 70 cents
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1977_________________________________ 1950-67, 70 cents
Kansas City, M o .—Kans., Sept. 1977-------------------------------------- 1950-54, $1.00
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1977------------------------- 1950-61, $ 1 .2 0
Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1977 1____________________________ 1950-66, $1.2 0
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark.—M i s s ., Nov. 1977____________________ 1950-63, 70 cents




Area
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1977________________ ______________________
Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1977 _________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— is ., Jan. 1978 1 ____________
W
Nassau—
Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1977 ____________________________
Newark, N .J ., Jan. 1978 1____________________________________
New O rleans, L a ., Jan. 1978_________________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1977....................................................
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—
N .C ., May 1977 ______________________________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— .C ., May 1977___________
N
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1977 1________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1977 1 __________________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1977 1 ____________________________
Paterson—Clifton—P assaic, N .J ., June 1977 ________________
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1977___________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1978___________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1977__________________________________
Portland, Oreg.— ash., May 1977 1_________________________
W
Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1977 _____________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1976______
Providence—
Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—
M a ss., June 1977 1 __________________________ ________________
Richmond, V a ., June 1977 1 __________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-I ll., M ar. 1977 ______________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1977 1_____________________________
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1977___________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1977_____________________
San Antonio, T ex., May 1977 1_______________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1977 1 _______________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., M ar. 1978 1________________
San Jose, C alif., M ar. 1978 1________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, W ash., Dec. 1977__________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1977 1 ________________________________
Toledo, Ohio— ich., May 1977______________________________
M
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1977____________________________________
Utica-R om e, N .Y ., July 1977 1 ______________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., M ar. 1977 _____________________
V
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1977 1 __________________________________
W orcester, M a ss., Apr. 1977 _______________________________
York, P a., Feb. 1978 1_______________________________________

*
l

Bulletin number
and price*
1950-57,
1950-14,
2025-2,
1950-27,
2025-7,
2025 -5 ,
1950-31,

$1.00
$1.10
$ 1.40
$1.00
$1.40
$ 1.00
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
2025 -3 ,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$ 1.20
$ 1.10
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1950-73,
2025-10,
2025 -9 ,
1950-75,
1950-51,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
2025 -8 ,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
$ 1.00
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
$ 1.10
$ 1.40
$ 1.20
80 cents
$1.10
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1 .1 0

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region lit

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St , N.E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone. 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

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Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

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Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

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