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A rea Wage S urvey

The San F ran cisco —O akland, C alifornia,
M etropolitan A rea
Ja n u a r y 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-36




U N ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF
A rthur

M

LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
Ross, Comm issioner

y




Area Wage Survey
T he San F ra n c isc o —O akland, C aliforn ia,




M etropolitan Area
Jan u ary 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-36
March 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d ata on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s stu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n i t e d S t a te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a studied.
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a rou nd
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s tu d ie d in to one b u l l e t i n .
The second part presents i n f o r ­
m a t i o n w h i c h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a data to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n i t e d S t a te s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _______________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is obta in ed b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
San F r a n c i s c o —O ak lan d,
C a l i f . , in J an u ary 1967.
The
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the
B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t th r o u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s o f
A l a m e d a , C o n t r a C o s t a , M a r i n , San F r a n c i s c o , and San
M a te o C oun ties.
T h i s study w a s c on du cted b y the B u r e a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e i n San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , M a x D. K o s s o r i s ,
D i r e c t o r ; b y R a n d a l l L . T a l b o t , under the d i r e c t i o n o f
W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r, R e g io n a l Wage A n alyst.




1
4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d --------------------------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
Occupation al e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n ---------------------------------A-2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n —
m
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----------------------------------------------A-4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___
B -2.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s -------------------------------------------------------------B-3.
S c h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------B - 5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
B-6.
H e alt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
B -7.
P r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ______________________________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a ti o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r ta b u la tio n s a r e
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

a va ila b le fo r other

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the San F r a n c i s c o —O ak lan d
a r e a a re also a v a ila b le fo r in du strial ch e m ica ls (N o v e m b e r
1965), the m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s (June 1966), paints and
v a rn ish es
( N o v e m b e r 1965), and w o m e n ' s and m i s s e s '
c o a t s and suits ( A u g u s t 1965).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f
p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c ­
tion; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and m o ­
t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a ti o n s .

m

3

4

6
11
12
14
15

17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25




Area Wage Survey
The San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
b o n uses and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k l y ho ur s a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s tan d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f hour) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r
o v e r tim e at reg u la r and/or p rem iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings
f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ic e s.
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th es e s tu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
om itted
b e c a u s e th ey tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tion s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e f le c t com p osite, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g and, thus, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job.
T h e pay r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g job s in
individual esta b lis h m en ts .
S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s
in a v e r a g e pay
l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w ith in individu al e s ta b lish m en ts.
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n tr ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in pay f o r m e n and w o m e n inclu de: D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the
a c tu a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
duties p e r f o r m e d , alth ou g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d
w i t h i n the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s us e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than th os e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is studied,
In c o m b i n i n g the data ,
h o w e v e r , a l l es ta b lis h m en ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s tr y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th os e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e studied.
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w i t h i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap p end ix .
T h e e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e no t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh
data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the stud y and not the nu m b e r
actu a lly su rvey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic ate
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ied .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.

E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

P ro v isio n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( i n the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as they r e ­
late to p lant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e
u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clude w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff i c e f u n c tio n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs "

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e show n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

1

2
include w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu n c tio n s .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
in d u stries.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p olic ies.
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l data ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am ou n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m ou n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h ed ule d
w e e k l y h o u rs a r e th os e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r th ey w e r e paid f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plans; and p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ( t a b l e s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e or
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums o f in d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in ta b l e s B - 2 th ro u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f
roun din g.
D ata on paid h o l i d a y s (t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on h o l i ­
days g r a n te d an n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d by c u s to m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r day o ff.
The f i r s t
p a r t o f the paid h o l i d a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h o l i d a y s to sho w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .

the tab ulation s o f v a c a t i o n p ay, p a y m e n t s no t on a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ;
for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercent of
an nual e a r n i n g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s pay .
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p lan s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e
by the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n ly l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s suc h as w o r k ­
m e n 's
c om p e n s a tio n ,
s o c i a l secu rity,
and
ra ilro a d
retirem en t.
Such plans inclu d e th ose u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and th os e p r o v i d e d t h ro u g h a u n ion fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r this p u r p o s e .
S elected health in su ra n ce b en efits p r o v id e d e m ­
p l o y e e s and t h e i r d epen den ts a r e a l s o p r e s e n t e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
i n s u r a n c e under w h ich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d on a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d isa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such plans to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 plans a r e in c lu d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w i t h b e n e f i ts w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T abulations
o f paid s ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p ay o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s pay d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
because o f illn ess.
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) plans w h ic h p r o v i d e fu l l p a y and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) plans
w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l pay o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n
to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p li c a t e d
to t a l is sho wn o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a ta s tr o p h e i n s u r a n c e ,
s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th os e p lan s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p lan s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lans p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
payment of d octo rs' fees.
Such p lan s m a y be u n d e r w r i t t e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans a r e l i m i t e d
to th ose plans that p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n pla ns (t a b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to f o r ­
m a l p o lic ie s , exclu din g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff with
pay is g r a n te d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e
v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s pla ns and th o s e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i ­
c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c pla ns to w o r k e r s w i t h q u a l i f y i n g leng ths o f
service.
T y p i c a l o f such e x c l u s i o n s a r e plans in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m ,
and c an i n d u s t r i e s .
S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u ti n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , such as t i m e p a y ­
m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m am o u n ts . H o w e v e r , in

Data on o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y ( t a b l e B - 7 ) , the h o u r s a f t e r
w h i c h p r e m i u m pay is r e c e i v e d and the c o r r e s p o n d i n g r a t e o f p a y , a r e
p r e s e n t e d by d a i l y and w e e k l y p r o v i s i o n s .
D a i l y o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s a d ay r e g a r d l e s s o f
the n u m b e r o f hours w o r k e d on o t h e r d a y s o f the p a y p e r i o d .
W eek ly
o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u rs
p e r w e e k r e g a r d l e s s o f the day on w h i c h it is p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b e r
o f h o u r s p e r d ay , o r n u m b e r o f d a y s w o r k e d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




2 The temporary

disability laws in California

and

Rhode Island do not require

employer

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er s tu d ie d in San F r a n c is c o —O aklan d,

C a lif . ,

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 J a n u a ry 1967

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in sc o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

S tu d ied

P la n t
N u m ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ------------------------------

-----------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 7 -------------------------------------------------------

_

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

1, 253

271

3 9 3 ,5 0 0

100

1 9 7 ,000

1 0 1 ,100

222, 910

100
-

348
905

78
193

130, 300
2 6 3 ,2 0 0

33
67

84, 700
112, 300

22, 000
79, 100

61, 180
161, 730

100
50
x00
50
50

82
255
109
204
255

32
37
46
43
35

8 4 ,4 0 0
33, 300
51, 200
53, 300
41, 000

21
9
13
14
10

16,1 0 0
10, 600
6, 900
38, 400

69, 680
8, 820
3 7,800
30, 530
14, 900

35, 200
14, 900
3 7 ,7 0 0
6 1, 100
( 8)

( 8)

1 T h e San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B u re a u o f the B u d g e t th ro u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s is ts o f A la m e d a , C o n tr a C o s ta , M a r in , San F r a n c is c o ,
and San M a te o C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the
su rvey.
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1) planning o f
w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an u a l and the 1963 S u p p lem en t w e r e u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o fe s s io n a l,
and o th e r w o r k e r s ex c lu d e d fr o m the s e p a r a te p la n t and o f f ic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l
to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e lo c a l t r a n s it s y s te m s in the San F r a n c is c o —O ak lan d a r e a a r e
m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and a r e e x clu d ed by
d e fin it io n f r o m the s c o p e o f the stu d y.
6 E s t im a t e r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te e s ta b lis h m e n ts o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m the e n t ir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l e s ta te p o r tio n o n ly in " a l l in d u s tr y "
e s t im a t e s in th e S e r ie s B t a b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n
o f d a ta f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t s e p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not
d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.




A b ou t o n e - t h ir d o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the San F r a n c is c o —
T h e fo llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n ts the m a jo r
O aklan d a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s ,
in d u s tr y gro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

In d u s try gro u p s
18
F o o d p r o d u c ts ------------------—
E le c t r ic a l m a c h in e r y ______
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p ro d u c ts
P r in t in g and p u b lis h in g ____
T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t.
9
P r i m a r y m e t a l s _____________
8
M a c h in e r y (e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) __ 7
P e t r o le u m r e f i n i n g _______________ 7
C h e m ic a ls _________________________
6
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s -------5

10
10
10

P e t r o le u m r e f i n i n g ________________
M o to r v e h ic le s and e q u ip m e n t...
B la s t fu r n a c e s , s t e e lw o r k s ,
and r o llin g and fin is h in g
m i l l s ----------------------------------------C an n in g and p r e s e r v in g fr u it s ,
v e g e t a b le s , and s e a f o o d s ------N e w s p a p e r s _________________________

7
6

5
5
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d if f e r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y as show n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d (d ate o f the a r e a s u r v e y c on d u cted
b e t w e e n July I960 and June 1961).
S u b t ra c tin g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
wage
c h an ge s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f chan ge in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym ents w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le.
T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a rn in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l oc c u p a tio n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d .
The aggregates
for

2 con secutive y e a r s w e r e

rela ted

by

dividin g

the

aggregate for

the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e resu ltant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p ro d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c on tin u in g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earn in gs
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

M e t h o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a ti o n s w ith in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (register 1)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in San Francisco—Oakland, Calif. ,
January 1967 and January 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(January 1961=100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group
January 1967

January 1966

-

January 1966
to
January 1967

January 1965
to
January 1966

January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

January 1962
to
January 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

January 1960
to
January 1961

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )----------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om e n )--------------------------------Skilled maintenance (m en )---------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-----------------------------------------------------

120.9
120. 1
121. 5
121.7

116.
114.
117.
117.

7
8
4
9

3.
4.
3.
3.

6
6
5
2

2.9
3.0
4.9
2.6

3.4
2.2
1. 3
3. 2

3.
2.
3.
3.

1
7
6
5

3.
3.
3.
4.

2
7
2
5

3.0
2.4
3. 2
3. 0

4.
8.
3.
4.

1
3
2
8

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )----------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )--------------------------------Skilled maintenance (m en )---------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-----------------------------------------------------

117. 7
119.9
119.9
120.4

114.
115.
116.
116.

2
2
7
1

3.
4.
2.
3.

0
1
8
7

1.6
2. 5
4. 7
1.8

3.4
2.2
1.2
2.6

3.
3.
4.
4.

5
1
1
3

2. 4
4.2
2.9
3. 7

2. 6
2. 4
2.9
2. 7

4.
8.
5.
4.

2
2
1
5




5

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m easu re
c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in g s,
excluding p r e m iu m
p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jobs w ith in each group.
L im itatio n s

C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though' a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r p a y in g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e xp a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

o f D ata

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge, as m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f l u e n c e d by:
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e changes,
(2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e i v e d by
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .




T h e use o f con stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in eac h job
in c lu d e d in the data. T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge r e f l e c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n c e d by
chan ge s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for o v e r tim e .
Data w e r e a d ju s te d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t caused
b y c h a n ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —Oakland, C a lif., January 1967)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number Average
weekly
hours1
workers (standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight:-time weekly earnings of—
$

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

t

A5
and
under
50

50

£

£
55

60

$
65

$
70

$
75

1

$
80

85

$
90

$
95

S
IOC

$
105

S

£
110

120

$
130

$
1 AC

£

$

$
150

160

170

180
and

55

60

65

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110.

120

130

1 AO

15C

160

170

180

over

5
5
5

70

30
30
30

71
71
71

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

MEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (EILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------

111
111
111

$
$
$
$
AO .0 122.50 126.50 11 A . 50-128.50
A0.C 122.50 126.50 11 A.50-128.50
A 0 .0 122.50 12 6.5C 11 A . 50-128.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------WHOLESALE TRACE --------F I NA NC E4 ------------------

508
258
25C
66
68
83

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.0
38.0

116.50-136.00
120.00-138.00
109.50-133.50
12A.00-1A0.50
1 0 6. 00 -12 A . 00
11 0.00-12 A . 50

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

A
A
-

22
22
2
5
5

17
5
12
2
8
2

32
1
31
17
1A

128
57
71
5
21
29

112
73
39
15
1
22

117
72
A5
25
10
9

3A
22
12
A
6
2

3A
19
15
12
-

A
A
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------

228
83
1A 5

39.5 116.00 113.50 101.00-136.00
39.5 110.00 112.00 10C.50-11A.50
39.0 119.50 123.00 10 1 . 0 0 - 1 A 1 .00

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

1A
12
2

19
8
11

16
16

28
7
21

2
1
1

50
AC
10

30
7
23

16
2
1A

A8
A
AA

2
2

_
~

-

_
-

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ---------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------

385
159
226
202

39.5
39.0
A 0 .0
39.5

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

A
A

11
11

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

30
26
A
A

13
13
13

31
20
11
11

63
28
35
35

70
38
32
32

78
8
70
70

50
19
31
31

20
A
16
A

11
1
10
-

2
2
-

~

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------NO NMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------

8A
57
33

1
1

5
5
1

5
1
“

16
16
-

1C
1
1

17
13
12

19
15
15

7
1
1

A
A
3

“

-

-

OFFICE BOYS -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRACE --------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------

5A2
107
A3 5
58
71
255

38.0
38.5
38.C
39.C
37.5
38.0

22
6
16
9

17
1
16
1A

-

8
2
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 --------

130
85
26

39.0 132.00 128.50 121.00-1A3.50
38.5 13A.00 136.50 121.50-1A5.C0
39.0 1A O .50 1A7.50 123.00-152.00

1
1

3
1

1
1

23
1A
5

A1
17
A

17
16
1

23
2C
6

15
13
10

5
2

-

TA BULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------F I N A N C E 4-------------------

338
ICO
238
83

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.5

9
3
6
5

28
8
20
1A

13
A
9
A

97
17
80
32

120
57
63
8

29
6
23
10

29
2
27
~

3
3

TA BU LATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------

126.00
129.50
122.00
133.00
117.00
118.00

12A.50
116.00
130.50
127.00

125.00
129.00
119.00
136.00
113.00
118.50

12A.0C
115.50
132.00
130.50

111.50-138.00
10C.00-12A.50
11 8.5 0 -1 A0 .50
118.00-137.50

39.0 122.00 123.50 1 0 8 . 00 -13 A .00
39.0 121.00 123.50 107.50-133.00
A 0 .0 131.00 131.50 1 2 A.50-136.50
7A.OO
78.00
73.50
86.00
75.50
69.00

119.50
121.50
119.00
111.00

72.50
77.50
71.50
87.50
73.50
68.50

121.00
125.50
119.50
11A .50

67.0070.5066.0073.0070.5065.00-

81.50
8A.50
81.00
97.00
83.00
73.50

113.50-128.50
116.50-128.50
112.50-128.50
102.00-119.50

76
72

39.0 1C 3 . CO 1C1.00
39.0 1C3.50 101.00

96.50-110.00
96.50-111.00

215
77
138

97.00
39.5
92.00
83.00
39.5
83.50
39.5 10A.50 105.50

8A .50-112.50
77.00- 90.50
90.00-126.50

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18
18

12
12
12

6
6
6

52
52
13
29

121
25
96
7
89

127
17
110
12
35
55

A6
25
21
21

78
15
63
10
1C
17

35
16
19
13
5

_

_

_

_

”

“

“

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

”

-

“

2
2

-

-

-

_

_
-

_
-

~

3

5

3

2

5
5

3
3

2
2

_

1
1

3
1

A
A

5
5

23
23

16
1A

6
6

1C
1C

A
A

17
17

11
7
A

27
22
5

35
11
2A

36
12
2A

16
7
9

1
1
“

16
16

2
2

52
52

A
A

_
-

-

-

~

~

_

_

1
~

_

“

.

_

-

-

-

~

_

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----See footn otes at end of table.




-

“

~

~

-

~

“

7
T a b le A - l.

O f fic e O c c u p a t io n s — M e n a n d W o m e n —

C o n t in u e d

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pations studied on an a re a b asis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —Oakland, C a lif., Janu ary 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
fff-M 1
lf*;
standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

B ILLE R S ,

50

$

$
55

60

%

65

75

s

$

$

%

70

80

85

$

$
90

95

(B O O K K E EP IN G

B O O K K EEP IN G -M A C H IN E

$

L
129
65

4 0.0

120

$
130

$

t
14C

150

$
160

$
170

180

and
55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

$

9 3.0 0
9 2.5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

42
37

15

170

180

over

-

-

-

~

$
10

9 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

10
5

1

*

59
5

19
17
1

DO
39

3 9.0
B O O K K EE P IN G -M A C H IN E

'
7

12
12
2

. . t *_
1 1 J . U 7 i r0 . rr>
11
j U

14
12

ID
13

12
14

IK
15

‘

OPERATORS,
^90

3 9.0

9 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

42

1 IN AN Lfc

JtJ. 3

—

/ L trK ^i/ c t A L L U U i N T T1M r t b L A d b A ———————
“
n r r n i i M 1 f\lb
c i acc
a
L i rn o
U A t l VJ C A t T H O TiM P ——————— ————— ———
r; A INl l i A T I U K N o
MHMWAMI |C A C I U “ T iNb
i NU'NriAfNUr AU T1 i D 1 K C —— — — — — —— — — — — —
DlliJi TL U 11 L it x t t o 3
r U d L I n IITT! 1 1 c c
—

UllHl lrc*>l c T n A o c — — — — — —— —— — —
W H U t o f i r 1K A l c
D t T A TL TDA PC — — —— — — — — — — —— — — ——
K C 1A I 1 I K A L t
c N t r viu t
r i frk a Ai *r 4 —— — — — — — —
A r
————

r tK /
ArrniiMTTMr
ri acc u
L Li c dNi cy A L L U U i N I l i N U f L L A o o d ———————
o
MAMIIdAPTItn i m p
r< A iNU r A L 1 U K 1»No
————————— ——————
Ai U iN “ A A 1id A t TiUiK T Ki C ——— ————— — ————
.!
INrfiiM A iNU i A f I Q 1 INu —————————_____
mi n ll « l
r U n i L rr Ui t ltLi ltl t t c c 3 — — ———————— —
lc b

WHOL ES AL E TRACE ------------------------------------1 O T n T 1 TOAOC
l)L 1 A 1 L 1 “ H l / t
\

U U . J-U

u

.uu

1 ,0 6 2
66 3
i lo
I i a
78

38 5
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0
*

1 09 50
1 25 .00
ilt* n n

it . DU 1 H.UU

50m

2 ,0 4 9
1 ,5 4 7

r
n

344

3 8.5

*

*

96 50
I C O . 00
1 04 .00

a

*°n
*

1 0 5 .0 0

— ————————— ——————————

r r Ku
cc
a
L iLc c n I s cj f c t L bcf r Li Aao b A —————————————
rl i
L
U A N U rCA L r1 Ur K 1 Air ————————— ————
r> A K i n A r i i ) t INb
K HM M A Ml 1C AU T1IUD T l\b
l
INUiNnA lNUr A T I K i A P
—————
c t m A Mr t ^
r 1 (Na !\L
‘—
r L t K K o » r lt Li c f p L Aab b d —————————————
c
cc
L » c n i/ c
t
Li
D
LI AMI r A 1 K i Mr*
. .
n A 11 uid A P T lUin lT N U ——————————————————
Kinki u a kii i r AU Ti iU n i1 l\b ————
* r i K kt r*
. .
INUiNnAiNUr
————————
mi o
i
r U n i L tI r Ui it 1iL 1f t1 Ttcbc 3 — ——————————
l i
i
t.i l i m L tc a iL c tI K A n t ———————————— —
r> a L c
W riU c b A t
n r 1A T
.
r\ c x A 1 Li x n K AnL c —————————————————
1A C
r i MINAA i L c ^ — ——————— ———————————
A Nrh
r 1

3 8 .5

14C

9 6 .0 0
8 7.0 0
BO .D U

r l d /c
n KUtK
U iL c K ii s o t U o n c o —————————————————————
u N ir a t
r Aai kiiU c A m | Uir»X i hi/* ——————— ——————————
K r Nu
K i n K l UiAINUC A r T U O T NU ———
fNUlNr A M I l rAL l I l K i MP
——————————
U LJ Pt 1L db A 1 C T D A P C ——
CALt
W nU t
IK A Lt
————— ————
Dt A I
K C lT A T IL T DA f NC ————— ———————————
IK A Lt




8 7 . C 0 - 1 0 6 . 50
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
0 1 • U U ~10d . uo
8 8.0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 0 n n . qD«UU
7 ic a a
7A # c n _
f 7 !>U—
8 6 .0 0 -1
T Q • C>L—
fo ! A7 8 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 7D # U U *
i1 AA.
6 3 .5 0 8 6.5 0 -1
7 4 .5 0 7O * C A _
f t DU"“

72
93

8 2 .0 0

8 1.5 0

601

3 8 .0

6 8 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

6 1 .5 0 C Q# U U *
D7 A A.
5 9 .0 0 7 8 .5 0 5 7 .5 0 -

7 7 DU
r D« C A
7 3.5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

nn
nn

fee

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8.U

6 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
6 4.5 0

6 7 .0 0
8 2.0 0
6 D . 00

419

39. 5

1C 2 . 5 0

1 04 .00

933
58

*

13

8 9.0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
OQ # v Ul _ 1 l 1 D DCU
A
0 7 A f —i 4 *
OQ « u u —1A O • !>P
0 7 A A -1 UV C U
1 U 7 « D A* 1 A O # D U
A £ R u . 1 u 7 CP
1
8 2 .0 0 - 8 9 .5 0

15
12

i 3
1a
29
(

13

~

1

-

-

-

“
9

14
Z3

-

-

2

2

95

16

305
55
250
101
25

i in
‘j

237
97

209
89

Df

326
53
27 3
133
17

156

19

115
78

18

1

6
3

21

3

n
2U
45

*

169
33
136
30
5

21
21

13

*
*

”

148
a

13
In

32

132

2

112

1

A

A

'
1D

17

1

1
1

15

15

31

221
103

64

c

i 9D
2ac
50
245
25
80

175

214

127
19
38
40

166
50
84
D1
A1

2

1

17
76

41
20
14

43
17

39

11
1

35
35
-

-

-

1
1

19

-

-

1

33
10

o1
Z 1

94

205

7

7

1 *5Q
1^
18
111

3 f

1U
IA

1o
1Z

8 1 .5 0
O/L DU
OO• cn
8 1.0 0
1 1 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
OA • AA
o u UU
7 3 .5 0

70
77

12

“
2

0-7 . C P
7 f !>U
1 1 .0 0
Q o • AA
N I UU
9 4 .5 0

ri

on

29

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 01 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
i U c * c n _"ii £ ^ * U U
no
1n D DU
9 8.5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

39 5
3 8.5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

*

See footn otes at end o f table,

*

12

in i rU
6 cn
l U M • L t A*_i i£0D # DU
l
cf
cn
i i1pL • DU) - ii m
DU
i n o •n f .l c i • UU
An
1 U<£ U r i

8 5 .5 0

r
L

^
N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ———— — —— —— ————
r I N A N L c ————————————
——— ————

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 9 6.5 0

3 0 .K
;

1 ,0 3 4

In

6

3

r Li Aab o
cc
L

2
2
1

24
1C

16
12

c
r lt Li c f
t

$

$
110

OPERATORS,

1UU

n L C K K/ o t
L cdi c

105

- CO N TIN U ED

M A CH IN E

a l fNAINUC
i i m a Mr

$

$
100

and
under
50

WOMEN

$

21

X 16

204

i na

174
13

69
22
45

29
18

204

109

27
1
60

18

78

182

113

203

153

18

78

1 70

103

166

122

ID
a«

a7
3 “f

-a 7
3 f

12
25
15

12
32
25

21

25

21

23

12

8
1

4

4

4

39
2

98
g

14

2
2

37
31

90
89
1

32
80
11
1o
1Z
7

26
1 t
30

40
8
6

2
2

0

2
9
DA

2
17

11

27

63
20
20

22

68

14

OD
22

1o
l c

2

-

60
13
47
14
g

~

23
17

15

8
T a b le A -l.

O f fic e O c c u p a t io n s — M e n a n d W o m e n —

C o n t in u e d

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1967)

Weekly earnings1
(
standard)
Number
Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time we e kly earning:s of—
$

Average
weekly
[
standard)

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
50

55

$
60

$
65

$
70

$

%

75

80

S
85

$
90

$

$
95

100

$
105

$
11C

$
120

$

$
130

14C

$
150

*

$
160

170

and
under

180
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

over

WOKEN - CCNTINUEC
CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRACE --------RETAIL TRACE ------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------

660
25C
410
112
67
11C
85

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5
38.0
39.5
38.C

$
111.50
110.50
112.00
122.50
118.00
101.50
108.00

$
112.00
10 9.OC
113.50
121.50
117.50
98.00
107.00

$
$
IO C.00-122.00
101.00-124.00
99.00-121.50
115.50-128.50
111.00-123.50
94 .00-113.00
I C C.50-119.00

-

-

-

6
6
-

4
4
-

5
4
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

22
6
16
10
4
2

23
10
13
4
8

33
2
31
23
6

70
18
52
5
35
3

87
53
34
1
8
2
19

59
29
30
7
7
12

153
39
114
34
30
24
16

114
37
77
40
10
8
18

43
29
14
1
11
1

15
e
7
2
1
1
-

25
5
20
19
~

“

“

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRACE --------RETAIL TRACE -------------

775
201
574
220
151
188

39.5
39 .C
39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

104.50
105.00
104.50
119.00
97.50
94.00

1C3.00
93 .50-114.50
106.00
94.00-114.00
93.00-114.50
101.00
120.00 11 2.50-124.00
97.50
94 .00-101.50
93.50
87.50- 99.00

“

“

“

“

“

2
2
2
~

15
15
5
9

49
10
39
4
34

30
8
22
3
5
9

143
41
102
4
27
64

115
16
99
2
64
32

60
18
42
1
22
19

68
44
24
4
20
_

141
30
111
95
2
14

111
31
80
73
7

13
3
10
10
“

28
28
28
-

“

-

-

“

DU PL IC ATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR CITTC) ------NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------

87
53

39.5
39.5

86.50
83.00

_

3
3

16
10

10
10

11
8

23
15

3
2

10

4
2

1
-

6
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

KFYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -•
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRACE --------RETAIL TRACE ------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------

1,323
350
973
183
179
68
416

39.0
39 .C
39.0
40.0
39.C
39.0
39.0

104.50
103.00
105.00
120.00
103.00
102.50
IC O.00

253
77
176
31
78
7
47

186
81
105
21
18
6
36

228
47
181
27
17
6
50

ie4
48
136
17
42
20
52

9C
24
66
7
2
5
52

8
5
3
3
-

72
72
72
-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRACE --------RETAIL TRACE ------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------

1,628
39 1
1,237
438
238
130
386

39 . C 97.00
95.00
97.00
38.5
98.00
94.50
39.0
96.50
39.5 108.00 112.00
93.00
39.0
92.50
90.50
93.50
40.0
87.50
38.5
87.50

OFFICE GIRLS ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------

333
147
186
97

38.5
38.5
39.0
39.0

75.00
76.50
73.50
72.00

74.50
76.50
72.00
69.00

S E CR ET AR IE S5-------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRADE --------RETAIL TRADE ------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------

5,986
1,681
4,305
572
918
361
1,642

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
38.5

117.00
121.50
115.00
125.50
118.00
113.50
110.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------F I N A N C E 4-------------------

340
90
250
36
65

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.5
38.5

138.50
137.50
138.50
157.00
134.50

See footn otes at end of tab le.




~

~

76.50- 95.00
75.00- 88.00

_

_

_

-

“

-

103.00
95.50-111.00
102.00
96.50-109.00
103.50
95 .50-112.00
116.00 102.50-142.00
99.50
96.50-110.00
92.50-113.50
103.00
98.00
91.00-110.00

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

60
13
47

64
18
46

-

-

-

“

-

-

1

2
45

8
35

177
37
140
5
22
14
98

87.00-108.00
87.00-107.50
87.00-109.50
94.50-115.50
88.00- 97.50
87.00- 99.00
79.00- 96.50

_
-

~

-

18
18
18

16
16
4
9

61
21
40
7
32

61
6
55
2
4
49

147
57
90
18
22
9
38

254
37
217
30
44
51
92

261
47
214
66
75
20
35

208
63
145
15
55
18
54

118
28
90
2
22
8
41

121
71
5C
20
8
5
17

236
23
213
197
15
1

120
31
89
88
1
-

7
7
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

69.0072.0067.5066.50-

79.50
80.50
78.50
73.50

-

-

5
5

24
10
14
9

69
10
59
51

79
40
39
19

83
48
35
3

38
22
16
7

16
5
11
8

7
4
3

6
4
2

2
2

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

116.00
121.00
113.50
122.00
118.00
113.00
108.50

103.00-128.50
107.00-133.50
101.50-125.50
108.50-141.50
108.00-126.50
102.50-126.00
100.00-120.50

_
-

_
~

-

-

5
5
5
~

11
11
4
7

8
8
6

50
10
40
5
5
26

122
27
95
5
15
10
52

380
66
314
22
7
33
163

483
72
411
52
52
16
161

743
169
574
40
79
44
264

655 1095 1108
186
278
347
469
817
761
34
115
112
115
194
262
51
61
83
244
198
342

624
235
389
42
1C1
34
96

394
185
209
44
65
15
51

160
51
109
54
12
4
21

103
51
52
41
3
1
6

33
33
5
3
3

12
4
8
6
2

133.50
133.00
135.00
162.00
131.50

125.00-155.50
127.00-148.00
123.50-157.00
14 1.50-176.00
123.00-143.00

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15
1

58
27
31
1
12

40
10
30
9
12

30
7
23
1
1

23
9
14
8
6

29
29
5
3

8
2
6
6

86.00
82.50

5
2
3
-

23
3
20
1
12

109
30
79
5
18

9
T a b le A - l.

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s — M e n a n d W o m e n —

C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1967)
W eekly e a rn in g s 1
(
standard)

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

N um ber

$

A v e ra ge
w eek ly
ho u rs1
'
standard)

N um ber
of
workers

$
45

M ean2

M ed ian 2

M id dle range 2

$

$

50

55

$

$
60

65

o f V,w o r k e r s

$
70

$
75

r e c e iv in g

S

$

$

85

80

s t r a ig h t -t im e

90

95

$

10C

w e e k ly

e a r n in g s

$

$
105

S

110

o f—

$

120

$

$
130

14C

$

$
150

160

$
170

and
under

55

60

65

70

75

80

90

85

95

100

105

110

1 20

130

140

150

5

50

180
and

23

64
4

13

15

164
43

60

53

40

20

112

58

29

17

481
143

260
87

165
95

24

1 1 a

i a

160

170

180

61

75
39

*

over

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
S E C R E T A R I E S 5 - CO NT IN UE D
JLUVL 1

1L J 9 ILMJJ U

I, 143
289

$
$
$
$
126.00 124.50 111.50-138.50
39.0 134.00 131.50 119.50-147.50

JU . 0
5 tU K t1

n i i r> i vs"

LLA b b

.

. * -r • r-

1,923

U

3

1,289
138
46 5

M A N U FA CT UR IN G — — — — — — — — —— — — — — ——
MDM U A KlI!A T Tl ID T KiP
l I
—
m m i f r UI t t i t 1 i to 3
rUnLIl i i 1 Li t t c c
u li itb AL t t o Arc
n
WHUL r r a i
1KAlt
D C 1 A I 1 1KALt
— — —— ——
Kt T AIL TDATC
c ri a n r r 4
n
r XiNAiNUt
— — — — — — — — —-

2 * 65 3

1 , 8 86
222

*

11 9
Pa

39.C

93.00

91.00

1,238

Aa

92.00
98.50

89.50
93.50

. uu

. 5U

C 1tiN KArritKot otiNluK
CCMTPD
b T f M UU OADUCDC
U AMl lC AP 1UKllNvj
_
rAlNUrAl Tl lD IMP
MOM M A KlIC Ar Tl 1D T A■"
l
/
*
niioi rr iitt i t 1 t r c
:
rUoLil U 1l 11 t 1 to 3 — — — — — — — — — — — ——
nnULL OHLu 1r\HL L
C TMA i r4
" t
r I I A \U u
— — — —— — — — .

1,892
620
1.775
licit
22 C

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS* CLASS A ---U AMIlC AT 1U K 1KlP
r A N U r Al TllO TI b ~
N
iNU^rHi'iurHu iu “ l'iu
niim t i .i t i r t r rO*
t
rUDLil- UllL il lC*f 3
l
“TMAN-r,f 4
___ _
rlnJAMt- —— — — —— — — — — — — —.

371

SWIT CH BO AR D OPfc RATCRS » CLASS B ----

491

r AIN U r A U 1 U K 1 INb

39.5
108

1

c

7<5

38.5
a *^

yD
39.C
f p p

99.00

96.50

114.00 iip* pp
uu ye. pu
89.50

88.00

SWITCH BO AR D O P E R A T CR -R EC EP TI CN I STSLi AM r A l | l K t MP
n A f N iU|C A T T lUO X INu —————— —————.
"
Mr iUtiNW (I Kll 1CrA U T lUin T INC
IN f l riM IN U » r 1 K X M r
m
i 1t i
r Ui obi L r l rl Ui t 1 L t1 t 1t1 c o 3 - ——— ——t c
TD A PC
IK AL t

- ————-

See fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le.




*

*

jy .

— l_

769

5

6

35

~

“

~

58
~

~

CO • UU

86.50

38.5

96.00

95.00
94.50
120.50

44
AA
ppn

82

185

459

70

I?

366

117
51

90
35
55
23
19

77
334

198
1A

4

1

■

66
11

3

110

2 56
24

66

15
91

oy

44

10

1 C1
2 CO

it

228
67
161

8

21

83.CO- 93.00
orl • U U * 1 A l # D U
nn_ioi cn
7

_

-

-

6

7

o

-

1

6
-

92 .00-118.00
oc cn. 7 * nn
O Z>9D\J~ q a# # U U
8C.00- 92.00

2

1

18

2

_

n o • UU
7<c n n

1

_

-

-

13

-

12

27

4

16

_

_

14
14

~

~

10

2
2
2

16

5

16

22

_

_

_

11

14

5
5

17
5
5

_

_

42
9
33

13

1

12

6

13

23

73

157

100

26

55

21

66
A

^ '

158

95
35

12

3

6

31
16
15

8

87

21

1

15

34

“

6

29
4
25

41
16
25
14
4

33
5
28

92

3H

27

5

“

23
74

95

1

12
10

13

132

1

6
1

11
1

16
39

13
13

20

If

2

1

21

69
4C
2y

3
18
16

8

A

123
34
89
63
18

1 01

124
25

127
67

21

18
157

1

120

225

73
47
26
3
9
~

30

19

55

26

1

491
78
4 13
64
197
15

78
32
19
3

126

24

16

1
1

164

364
140
224
16

2

'

2

267
90
177
60
23
57

32
1 07
I3 f
14
ye

2

33

2

36

66

21

359

11

ai

501
108
3y 3
34
53
24
135

?AR

4C6
153

a

32

1

39

188
59

32 3

37

-

87.00-103.50
Of
t
00« ID U * 107 • 0\J
1 U # cn
86 .00 - 1 0 1 . 0 0
89.50-123.00
Do cO— 107 U
O O • D U * X U c « Dcn
7fti 7cn. q u « cn
(o
V
7 a DU

1

24

3

88.00-108.00
97.00-116.00
q f*Uu lu ( UU
o t nn_tn 7 •nn
no C A - i t a cn
86.00-102.50

oc c a _
o o* 5 1 *

nn
27
73
5

1

1

86.00- 98.50
QO O P i U OH
oc»UU - 1 A 1l •UU
85.50- 97.00
87.50-112.50
88.50-108.50
oil co« Qi cr\
O^fDU
7^*DU

3

g
3

2

102.50
95.00-112.00
107.50 1C4.50
98 .50-115.00
on cn.iin nn
7 % jU"liU»UU
* l l i nn i i a *
97.00-124.50
a * c i lp nn lnn cn ini cA— 1 c a •UU
IUl*DU*“1 i U nn
oi nn-ina *DU
50.
1 .o
7X»UU“ XU j cn
*3

———— ——— — — ——

n t 'in H 'i
i u rs i nv:
n i »o l r /* i i t r i t t t r r* 3
"
r u c u i
U ! I l l 1 IC O
n r t a t1i L t1 K A rL t
n a r:
KC 1A
r 1 INA INL fc
r , TM A M r*c;4
—*

u i . m il t o A L c
W nU rc A i t
C ih h
r liM A K i r c 4
c

p

2

or* z i
108*00 i1 UU •c> U— 1 o a • c a
pu
104.00
97 .50-114.50
99.00-118.00
109.50 108.50
1 AA • CA-llfl AO
X v “ 5 U iio.uu
q a « n l - 1i i^ \ n U
103.00
7T U n
1 J« J o
1 0 2 .5C 94.50-110.00
u .

1 , 668

144

71

96
13
83
15
13

■
j

i pi; n n

c 1 tl'iubKMrntKb U c \t K a L
.
*
rr
O x r Mfir n a olj r n r * n 11i n n A i
PIMINUrMU 1 UrVX ITU
I UIN IIHI’ HU lUf'l'IU
N
IUf
miQirr' i t L i t t c o
rUoLil U i11t i1 1 I to ^
L o m tb AL t TO Alt - — — — — — WMUl cr Al C 1 K AT c
cTMAArr4
r X iNAIMr
— — —— — —
«

71

1

nn

i

62

17

2

52

17

15

123.50 122.50 112.00-135.00
118.00 119.50 106.50-129.00
126.50 118.50-145.00
121.50 122.50 115.50-131.00
39.0 113.00 115.50 104.50-124.00
39.0 1 1 1 . 0 0 1 1 1 . 0 0 101.50-120.00
’
39.0
■7 c
a
3 1 *J

2

49

13

2

21

1 2 0. 0 0 120.50 108.50-130.50

~r>
nn

~

2

128.00-165.00
129.00 127.00 119.50-141.50
122.50
i i . . u w 118.00 103.50-128.00

5
4

86

9

6

2

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

3

1

7

146

69

21

61
31

12

27

35
23

63
18

10

12
31

2

4

12

10

10
T a b le A - l.

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s — M e n

and W o m e n —

C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —Oakland, C a lif., January 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of workersi receiving straight-time w e e kly earnings of—
$

weekly
(standard)

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
50

$

i
5

55

60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

I

i

85

90

:
t
95

S
100

$
105

i
t

lie

$
120

$
1 30

$

i

14 0

150

$

$
160

17 0

and
under
50

180

and
55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

11 C

120

130

140

15C

160

170

180

over

1
1
-

4
4
3

17
17
16

21
21
13

54
44
31

40
27
15

53
53
40

1C1
78
60

78
78
1

4
4
3

1
1
1

3
-

-

-

-

-

36

83
6
77
8
59

99
18
81

84
13
71
18
42

84
8
76
25
22

32
6
26
2
21

33
22
11
7

31
6
25
14

26

-

-

-

4

”

313
29
284
10

300
31
26 9
58
29
168

257
46
211
7

222
35
187
11
68
98

14 4

60
25
35
1C
1
16

118
15
1C3
11
11
74

-

308
74
234
32
32
19

167

81
9
72
6
9
36
17

43
21
22
10

11
11

25
2
23

2

WOMEN - CCNTINUEC

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — *
---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------

377
328
183

39.5
3 9.5
40.0

$
109.50
1C9.00
104.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A C E ---------------F I N A N C E 4 5 -------------------------

571
81
490
91
286

38.5
39.0
38. 5
39. 0
38.C

91.50
97.00
90.50
98.00
88.00

90.50
96.00
89.50
97.00
87.00

82.50- 99.00
88.50-107.00
81.50- 98.00
91.50-109.50
80.50- 94.50

-

-

-

-

“

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------- ---W H O L E S A L E T R A C E ---------------F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------

1,812
246
1,5 6 6
147
2 48
1,0 6 5

38.5
39. 0
38.0
39.5
36.5
38.5

90.00
97.50
89.00
101.50
93.00
85.50

89.00
97.50
87.50
94.50
93.00
84.00

81.50- 98.00
90.00-104.00
80.50- 96.50
87.50-113.00
86.00- 98.00
77.50- 93.00

-

-

42

-

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------

2,493
459
2,034
139
169
148
1,477

3 8.5
39.5
38.5
39.C
38. 5
39. 5

79.00
83.00
78.00
88.50
8 3 . 50
92.50

78.50
82.50
77.00
84.50
84 ■ 00
93.00

71.50- 85.50
77.00- 89.00
70.50- 84.50
81.00- 90.00
75.00- 90.50
84.50- 98.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

u un U C f o A 1 f
W ni Lt CA L t

TOAnc
1 r\ W L l
R E T A I L T R A C E --------------------------------------r k. S L t
h ltN Aal a! r r*4
-------- -—

$
$
$
110.00 100.00-119.00
110.00
99.50-120.50
107.00
97.00-112.00

a q t UU
O7

a U nn
On t U U

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

19
19

1
1

36

-

-

-

30

42
2
40
10
18

26

28

98

-

-

-

163

-

-

42

26

28

98

-

-

-

163

42

26

28

98

160

211

33
33

66

350
8
342

532
73
459

470
130
340
50
58

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

5

15

-

66

34

40 3
78
325
19
1

1

5

55

33
179

52

64

10 6
64

103
-

36
28

55
89
12
18
38

9

-

5

1

-

-

-

-

26
7
19

1

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

-

-

-

-

25
8
17
14
2

-

-

1
3
2
1
1

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

11

4
4

12

-

_

_

_

_

_

4

-

_
_

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d
to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each jo b b y to ta lin g the ea rn in gs of a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the num ber of w o r k e r s .
The m edian d esign a tes p o s itio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te shown. The m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by 2 ra te s of pay; a fou rth of the w o rk e rs ea rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th ese ra te s and a fou rth ea rn m o r e than the
h igh er ra te.
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er pu b lic u tilitie s .
4 F in a n ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.
5 M a y inclu de w o r k e r s oth er than th ose p re s e n te d se p a ra te ly .




11
T a b l e A -2 .

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t io n s — M e n a n d W o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Francisco— Oakland, Calif., January 1967)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N

Sex, occupation, and industry division

L

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber of wcirk ers r e c e iv in g s tra igh t -tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of$

$
90

M ean 2
4
3

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
95

$

$
10 0

105

$
110

$

%

115

120

S
125

$

$
130

135

£
140

$
145

$

$
150

155

$
160

$
165

$
170

$

$
175

180

and
under

90

95

18 5
and

ICO

105

110

-

-

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

15C

155

160

-

6
6

29
29

1

-

6
4
2

”

9
5
4

50
44
6

31
15
16

35
11
24
-

43
36
7
5

75
30
45
17

98
59
39
11

85
13
72
28

60
21
39
21

26
20
6
3

65
31

32
22

53
19

39
10

32
4

-

5
5

25
21

19
18

12
11

9
5

5
4

6
6

165

17C

175

180

185

135
56
79

6C
16
44

43
39
4

52
32
20

38
28
10

23
21
2

58
37
21
3

39
20
19
6

32
24
8
1

20
17

13
12
1
“

2
2

5
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

over

MEN
$
$
158.00-174.00
153.00-176.00
161.00-169.00

-

4 0 . C 1 42 .5 0
39 .5 1 4 3 .0 0
4C.C 14 2 . 50
4 0 . C 14 0. 5 0

1 4 1. 0 0 1 3 2 . 0 0 - 1 5 5 . 5 0
13 9 . 50 1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 5 8 . 5 0
14 1 . 50 1 3 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 8 . 5 0
1 4 2 .0 0 1 3 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 7 . 0 0

-

-

1

-

-

-

4 0 . C 1 22 .5 0
4 0 . C 1 1 7. 5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 115.50-133.00
1 19 .0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 7 . 5 0
91.50-101.00
91.00-100.00

$
$
16 5 . 00 16 4 . 00
16 4. 50 1 64 . 0 0
16 6 . 00 1 6 4 . OC

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --MA NU FACTURING -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —

485
29 7
188

40 . 0
39.5
4C.C

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-

649
354
295
1C 2

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --MA NUFACTURING ------

396
2CC

D R A F TS ME N- TR AC ER S ----MA NUFACTURING ------

92
88

40.C
40.C

95.00
94.00

118
89

39.5
39.5

12 5 . 50
12 6. 5 0

96 . 0 0
9 5 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

9
2
7
7

-

3
3

8
8

19
19

33
18

18
14

10
7

79
40

417
17

24
24

26
26

12
12

9
7

2
1

2
2

11
7

9
6

14

1

2
1

2

2
2

8
8

12
12

-

-

28
28
-

3

-

3
"
_

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

1
to these
2
3
4

12 4 . 5 0 1 1 7 . 0 0 - 1 3 3 . 0 0
12 5. 50 1 2 C . 0 0 - 1 3 3 . 0 0

7

4
2

Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
weekly hours.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l,
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
W o rk er s we re distributed as follows: 4 at $ 7 0 to $75; 12 at $8 0 to $85; and 1 at $85 to $90.




12
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , P r o f e s s i o n a l, a n d T e c h n i c a l O c c u p a t i o n s — M e n a n d W o m e n C o m b i n e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —Oakland, C a lif . , January 1967)
A ve rage

Occupation and industry divi sion

N um ber

of

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS
BILLETS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---

326
77
249
164

39 .5
39 .5
40.0
40 .0

$
105.50
83.00
112.50
124.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ---------RETAIL TRACE -------------

135
129
65

40.C
40 . 0
40.0

94.00
94.00
93.00

153
53

38 . 5
38.0
39 .0
39 .0

1C 9 . 5 0
105.00
1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 3. 0 0

BOOKKEEP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E C P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------F I N A N C E 3--------------------

IOC
56

365
90
275
103
75

38.5
39.C
38 .5
38 .5
38.5

96.00
91.00
97.00
1C 3. 00
88.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----WHOLESALE TRACE ------RETAIL TRACE ----------FINANCE 3-----------------

1,5 70
6 57
913
182
146
93
339

38 .5
39 .0
38.5
39.5
38 .5
39 .0
38. C

118.50
124.50
1 1 4 . 00
1 2 6 . 50
1 1 3. 5 0
11 6 . 5 0
1 C 8. 5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM AN UFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----WHOLESALE TRACE ------RETAIL TRADE ----------F I N A N C E 3-----------------

2,277
585
1,692
519
368
294
340

39.0
99.00
39.0 1 0 1 .0 0
98.50
39.C
4 0. 0 1 0 5 . 00
38 . 5 1 0 4 . 0 0
39 . 0
95.00
38.C
8 8 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----NO NM AN UFACTURING —
FINANCE 3--------CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ■
MANUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2WHOLESALE TRACE RETAIL TRACE ----FINANCE 3----------CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NO NMANUFACTURING RETAIL TRADE --FINANCE 3---------

See footn o tes at end o f tab le.




Average

Occupation and industry division

274
58
216
145

38.5
39 .0
38.5
38 .0

90.00
96.00
8 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

1 ,0 76
97
979
91
93
616

38.5
39 .5
38 .5
38 .5
39 .0
40 . 0
38.0

75.50
81.00
75.00
98.50
84.00
79.50
6 8 .0 0

978
961
62
742

38 .0
38 .0
39 .5
38 .0

6 8 .0 0
67.50
83.50
64.50

101

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
( standard)

OFFICE O C C U PA TI ON S

- CO NT IN UE D

CLERKS, ORDER ------MANUFACTURING --NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ■
WHOLESALE TRACE
RETAIL TRACE —

804
274
530
389
116

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

113*00
110 .0 0
11 4 . 5 0
11 8 . 0 0
1 0 3 . 50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------MANUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
WHOLESALE TRACE RETAIL TRACE ---F I N A N C E 3----------

744
277
46 7
145
69
112
85

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
38.0

1 1 2 . 50
112 .0 0
11 3. 0 0
1 2 4 . 50
11 7 . 5 0
101.50
10 8 . 0 0

777

151
188

39.5
39.C
39.5
39.5
39.0
40.C

10 4 . 5 0
1 0 5. 0 0
1 0 4 . 50
11 9 .0 0
97.50
94.00

92
56

39.5
39.5

87.50
84.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NO NMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----WHOLESALE TRACE ------RETAIL TRACE ----------f i n a n c e 3-----------------

1, 323
350
973
183
179

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

1 0 4.5 0
10 3. 00
10 5. 00
1 2 0.00
10 3. 0 0
102.50
I C O . 00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----WHOLESALE TRACE ------RETAIL TRACE ----------F I N A N C E 3-----------------

1, 6 46
391
1,255
44 3
239
13C
39 8

CO MPTOMETER OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2—
WHOLESALE TRACE RETAIL TRACE -----DU PL IC AT IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) ------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSMANUFACTURING ----NO NM ANUFACTURINC —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
WHOLESALE TRACE F I N A N C E 3---------S E CR ET AR IE S4 ---------MANUFACTURING ---NO NMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRACE
RETAIL TRADE --F I N A N C E 3---------

Occupation and industry division

201
576

222

68
416

39.C
97.00
38.5
98.00
96.50
39.0
39.5 1 0 8 . 0 0
39.0
92.50
40.0
93.50
38.5
8 8 .0 0

875
254
621
62
116
352

38.5
38.5
38.0
39.0
38.0
38.0

74.50
77.50
73.50
86.50
75.50
69.50

6,030
1 ,7 05
4,325
588
920
361
1, 6 4 4

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
38.5

1 1 7 . 00
12 1 . 5 0
1 1 5.0 0
12 6 . 0 0
1 1 8 . 00
113.50
11 0 . 5 0

Num ber

Weekly
Weekly
of
workers hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

- C O N T IN UE D

SE CR ET AR IE S4 - C O N T IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------- --------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

342
90
252
38
65

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING -------------- ------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

1, 148
289
859
1C9
136
56
484

38 .5 1 2 6 . 0 0
3 9.C 134.00
38. 5 1 2 3 . 5 0
39. 0 1 4 3 . 5 0
39 .0 1 2 9 . 0 0
39 .0 1 2 2 .0 0
38 .5 1 1 7 . 0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FI N A N C E 3--------------------------

1 ,9 3 5
63 7
1, 298
200
306
138
46 7

39. C 1 2 0 .0 0
3 8. 5 1 2 3 . 5 0
3 9. 0 1 1 8 . 0 0
39. 5 1 2 8 . 5 0
38. 5 1 2 2 .0 0
39.0 1 1 3 . 0 0
39. 0 1 1 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NC ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE 3--------------------------

2, 562
67 3
1 ,8 8 9
225
434
123
628

38.C
38 .5
37 .5
38. 5
38.C
39 .5
38.C

107.50
1 1 2 .0 0
106.00
11C . 00
111.50
104.50
102.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NERAL -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NC -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------FINANCE 3--------------------------

1,69 1
451
1 , 24C
283
108
715

39. 0
3 9. 5
39.C
39.5
3 8. 5
39.C

93.00
95.00
92.00
99.00
99.00
8 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, s e n i o r --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

1, 898
623
1, 27 5
222
123
692

3 8. 5
39. 0
38. 5
39 .0
39. 0
38. 5

104.50
108.00
103.00
11 3 . 0 0
1 1 C . 50
97.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N C -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------f i n a n c e 3------ -------------------

371
85
286
73
95

3 8. 5
99.00
3 9 . C 105.00
97.50
38. 5
39. 5 1 1 4 . 0 0
38. 0
94.00

SWITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR S, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

491
51
44C
30
88
134

39.C
38. 0
39. 0
4 0. 0
4 0. 0
3 9. 0

38 .5
39. 0
3 8. 0
38. 5
3 8. 5

138.50
137.50
138.50
157.00
134.50

89.50
104.50
87.50
1C4.50
89.00
8 6 .0 0

13
T a b l e A -3 .

O f f i c e , P r o f e s s i o n a l, a n d T e c h n i c a l O c c u p a t i o n s — M e n

and W o m e n

C o m b in e d —

C o n t in u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Francisco— Oakland, Calif., January 1967)
A verage
Num ber
of

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

and industry divisi<

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

773
237
536
54
239
115

38.5
96.00
39.5 98.50
38.5
95.00
39.5 107.50
39.0 96.50
37.0
86.00

TRANSCRIB ING-MACHIN E OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------WH OLESALE TRACE ----------F I N A N C E 3---------------------

578
81
497
91
292

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.0

$
91.50
97.00
90.50
98.00
88.50

132.50
128.00
135.00
140.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ----NO NM AN UFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
WHOLESALE TRACE F I N A N C E 3----------

1,823
250
1,573
154
248
1,065

90.00
38.5
39.0 97.50
38.0
89.00
39.5 101.50
93.00
36.5
38.5
85.50

114.50
118.00
113.50
110.50
122.50
112.50
108.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC UT ILITIES
WHOLESALE TRACE
RETAIL TRACE --F I N A N C E 3---------

2,504
463
2,041
146
189
148
1,477

38.5
39.5
38.5
39 . C
38.5
39.5
38.0

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS A ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------

171
57
114
26

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0

TA BU L A T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------------WHOL ES AL E TRACE --------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3-----------------------------------------------------

715
149
566
237
131
54
121

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0
39.5

TA B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------WH OL ES AL E TRACE ---------------------------------

150
146
84

A verage

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

OFFICE O C C U P A T I O N S - C O N T IN UE D
SWITCH BO AR D OP ER AT CR -R EC EP TI CN I STSMA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------------WH OL ES AL E TRACE ---------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------- 4

A verage

Occupat:

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

495
304
191

40 . C 165.00
39.5 164.50
40 .C 166.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

662
364
298
105

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

4C3
206

40.0 122.00
40 . C 117.00

DR AF TS ME N- TR AC ER S ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------

137
88

40.0
40.0

94.50
94.00

o
o

Occupation and industry division

93.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------- --------------

118
89

142.50
143.00
142.00
140.50

39.0 105.00
39.0 105.50
39.0 110.00

79.00
83.00
78.00
88.50
83.50
92.50
75.00

45

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates),
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




39.5 125.50
39.5 126.50

and the earnings

14

T a b le A - 4 .

M a in t e n a n c e a n d P o w e r p l a n t O c c u p a t io n s

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif. , January 1967)

N u m b e r of worker s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly ea rnings 1

$
$
$
(
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.70 2.80 2.90 3 .00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.0C 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.4C 4.50 4.60 4.80 5.00

Number

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
2 .70 under
$

and

2.80 2.90 3.00 3..10 3.20 3 .30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.7C 3.80 3.90 4.0C 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.80 5.00

over

$

$

$

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

256
142
114

3.78
3.80
3.76

3.77
3.76
3.78

3.60- 3.93
3.69- 3.86
2.87- 4.08

-

-

40

-

-

40

ELECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE — ■
-------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU FI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

678
489
189
146

3.95
3.93
3.98
4.03

3.83
3.79
4.19
4.32

3.693.683.793.92-

4.32
3.99
4.35
4.36

_
-

-

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY --------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

412
147
265

3.98
4.06
3.93

3.83
3.85
3.83

3.66- 4.40
3.58- 4.46
3.70- 4.07

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

79
64

3.12
3.10

3.22
3.21

2.97- 3.28
2.97- 3.26

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

4CC
2C9
191
17C

3.08
3.15
3.00
3.01

3.10
3.15
3.02
3.03

2.952.982.932.94-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

1C 8
1C 3

3.80
3.81

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------ ----------

1, 154
1,049
1C5

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

$
-

-

-

-

3
2
1

-

-

-

“

6
6
“

17
3
14

13
13

9
9
"

1
1
-

1
1
-

166
75
91
91

_
-

_
-

14
12
2
-

_
-

20
20
-

35
35

34
34

_
-

16
12
4

4
4

49
33
16

24
24

_
-

30
24
6

~

-

_
-

5
5

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
4

36
35

39
39

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

281
260
21

162
144
18

134
134
*
*

53
53
~

51
51
“

83
83
~

37
14
23
1

39
28
11
11

33
33
33

287
24
263
228

127
127
126

67
4
63
13

-

_

_

85
85

-

-

56
56

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

5
4
1

15
12
3

4
2
2

24
20
4

62
52
10

38
31
7

19
19

10
1C

_
“

_
-

22
22
22

_
-

3
3
-

5
1
4
-

24
24
-

40
32
8
3

86
80
6
2

130
122
8
-

89
68
21
4

68
43
25
24

1
1

-

-

“

"

6
6
-

~

6
2
4

68
37
31

36
8
28

83
17
66

20
8
12

_
“

14
12

1
“

7
6

10
8

3
2

32
32

4
~

3
4

3

3.22
3.27
3.17
3.19

13
3
10
8

17
4
13
13

13
8
5
1

109
46
63
56

46
16
30
24

83
51
32
30

80
42
38
38

32
32

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

3.86
3.87

3.71- 3.94
3.75- 3.94

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

“

1
1

22
22

3
-

3.96
3.94
4.12

3.85
3.84
4.32

3.73- 4.16
3.72- 4.08
3.83- 4.36

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

IB
18

36
36

154
154

1, 092
186
9C6
798

4.19
4.19
4.19
4.21

4.14
4.15
4.14
4.14

4.023.824.034.03-

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ----- ---NCNMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

846
797

3.73
3.73

3.64
3.61

3.53- 3.87
3.52- 3.87

26

3.75

3.76

OILERS --------------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

137
1C 2

3.20
3.15

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

277
137
140

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

3.72- 3.80

-

-

-

-

3.22
3.16

3.09- 3.34
3.06- 3.26

3
3

_

8
8

_

-

3.94
3.79
4.08

3.84
3.73
3.94

3.65- 3.97
3.55- 3.86
3.76- 4.14

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

428
396

3.78
3.78

3.76
3.76

3.71- 3.84
3.70- 3.83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

83
50

3.77
3.71

3.79
3.71

3.66- 3.92
3.65- 3.82

_

_

_

2

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

341
341

4.29
4.29

4.26
4.26

4.20- 4.44
4.20- 4.44

4.58
4.54
4.60
4.61

Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




22
22
22

40
4
36
36

4
4
4

-

22
19
3
3

-

24
24

18
17

100
100

251
249

67
64

45
22

185
170

14
9

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

18

-

5

26
26

25
25

29
27

34
1

-

-

-

1
1

2

-

36
34
2

12
12

39
31
8

31
14
17

47
42
5

55
55

-

-

_

4

4

8

-

~

-

4

4

8

74
74

203
193

79
59

2
“

_

-

_

-

-

3

25
24

14
13

14
6

8
8

4
4

8
8

_

_

-

75
9
66

_

-

27
27
~

~

57
37
~

~

23
23
~

18
18
-

132
57
75
75

237
4
233
233

10
10
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

38
11
27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

-

-

12
12

13
13
13

-

-

2

4
4

_

-

-

_

-

10
10

_

-

54
54

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

23
7

-

-

-

2

-

-

~

“

~

~

8
8

44
44

146
146

9
9

51
51

37
37

1
1

-

11
11

15
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d M a t e r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a sis
b y in du stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif. , January 1967)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly ea:rnings 2

upation 1 and industry division

Number
of

1Inder
Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range

$
$
$
3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40

2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40

and
t.00 under
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) --------------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -------------

71
60

$
2.38
2.33

$
2.19
2.18

$
$
2.14- 2.66
2.14- 2.65

1
1

2
2

35
35

-

-

GU AR DS AND WATCHMEN ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

1,868
275

2.31
2.86

2.38
2.86

1.92- 2.58
2.59- 3.14

l722
“

18

62
“

104
30

37
10

36
4

GUARDS:
MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

142

2.94

2.86

2.81- 3.30

3

4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60

4

WATCHMEN:
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

133

2.77

2.79

2.35- 3.1C

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------WHOL ES AL E TRACE -----------RETAIL TRACE --------------F I N A N C E 6 ---------------------

5, 2C3
1,279
3,924
402
82
34 3
542

2.58
2.76
2.53
2.52
2.73
2.60
2.54

2.63
2.77
2.61
2.56
2.69
2.60
2.62

2.462.602.342.352.622.382.56-

2.78
2.94
2.70
2.68
2.93
2.85
2.66

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------

582
69
513
39

2.55
2.33
2.58
2.38

2.57
2.33
2.58
2.53

2.522.072.532.15-

2.66
2.48
2.67
2.64

LABORERS, MA TE RI AL HA ND LI NG --MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------WH OL ES AL E TRACE ----------RETAIL TRACE ---------------

3, 78C
1, 815
1,965
1,073
544
348

3.18
3.04
3.31
3.42
3.14
3.21

3.08
3.02
3.40
3.54
3.07
3.18

2.982.873.063.503.033.13-

3.53
3.09
3.55
3.57
3.13
3.39

-

ORDER
FI LLERS ------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------W H O L ES AL E TRACE ----------RETAIL TRACE ---------------

2,061
270
1,791
1,187
489

3.23
3.08
3.25
3.18
3.45

3.16
3.05
3.17
3.16
3.53

3.113.023.123.123.16-

3.29
3.08
3.43
3.19
3.58

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------WH OL ES AL E TRACE ------------

6 20
284
336
296

3.08
3.10
3.06
3.09

3.04
3.01
3.06
3.06

2.992.833.023.03-

3.09
3.1C
3.09
3.09

25
16

2

76
12

30
16

69
62

52
10

62

547
28

27
24

2

35
28

17
16

31
31

10

l

31

-

“

5
4

-

-

-

-

"

“

“

_

~

-

4

-

-

-

8

24

18

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

416
175
241
1
14
79

458
235
223
63

108
71
37
5
20
10

54
26
28

30

8

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

3C

109
85
24

-

-

-

-

6

24

-

“

-

-

353
184
169
155
14

334 1045
295
631
39 414
60
39
346
8
-

326
53
273
18
74
181

59
9
50
12
12
26

94
72
22
22

57
27
30
30

888
10
878
753
72
53

129
54
75
75
-

104
104
-

52
52
-

_
-

-

11
11
-

401 1012
229
27
172 985
127
8C6
45
64

96
96
86
1C

-

164
164
138
26

248
1
247
30
217

13
13
13

2
2
2

20
20
20

52
2
50
50

2
2
2

18
18
-

344
80
264
249

42
12
30
30

6
6
-

17
2
15
15

2
2
-

-

_

_
-

48
48
-

_

4
4
-

27
23
4

109
66
43
28
14

66
2C
46
46

117
9
1C8
25
83

36
1
35
19
11

46
20
26
24
2

8
8

27
24
3

-

-

8

109
72
37
36

35
16
19
19

27
9
18
17

20

19
15
4

e
8

-

-

-

30

7

-

248
13
235
12

92

69
16
53
14

-

-

22
37

2
2

544
29
515
20
16
1

11
11

303
65
238
13
9
45
9

78
36
42
14
l
15
4

4

30
24
6
3

15
15
15

11
6
5
-

28
20
8
-

8
3
5
-

267
3
264
7

122
5
117
14

3
87

_
-

-

-

-

-

80
80
-

24 3
230
13
13

16
14
2
1
1

_

_

_

1

4

20

9

6

-

-

-

-

1

4

20

9

6

-

-

-

-

1

4

20

9

6

-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

14
14
-

-

31
31
-

16
16
-

73
71
2
2

-

4
-

-

92
48

_

3
3

-

-

-

16
879 1245
168
182
711 1063
134
63
5
28
64
40
120
355

562
178
384
7
5
3
3

-

6

(W C M E N ) -----

90

2.73

2.75

2.68- 2.83

1

3

5

-

-

6

7

-

46

-

8

548
210
338
142
163

3.32
3.33
3.32
3.42
3.32

3.35
3.26
3.41
3.39
3.43

3.213.153.243.323.21-

3.49
3.49
3.49
3.54
3.48

_

8

5

1

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

5

1

-

2

2
1
1

4
-

-

4
2
2

29
20
9

12
9
3

36
9
27

-

6

-

-

-

-

2

1

4

9

2

15

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------WH OL ES AL E TRACE -----------

265
156
109
92

3.32
3.26
3 .4C
3 .39

3.28
3.26
3.37
3.36

3.223.2C3.263.26-

3.45
3.36
3.52
3.49

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

18
17
1

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
-

-

3
3

-

-

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

14

RE CEIVING CLERKS ---------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------WH OLESALE TRACE ----------RETAIL TRACE ---------------

-

PACKERS,

SHIPPING

See footn otes at end o f ta b le.




4

-

20
20

_

-

7
4
3

-

-

-

-

3

“

3

-

4

_

2

-

-

-

2
2

-

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d M a t e r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s —

C o n t in u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by in du stry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1967)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly e;irnings 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

t
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
i
$
$
!
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.2C 3 .30 3 .40 3.5 C 3.60 3.7C 3 .80 4.00 4.20 4. 40

Mean 3
4

Median 5

Middle range 3

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

393
112
281
187
88

$
3.21
3.2C
3.22
3.18
3.29

$
3.2A
3.26
3.23
3.21
3.29

$
3.152.9A3.173.153.2A-

$
3.30
3.39
3.28
3.25
3.47

TRUCKDRIVERS7 ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------6
WH OLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

5,966
898
5,068
3, 2C6
1,331
323

3.65
3.63
3.65
3.61
3.66
A . 06

3.65
3.61
3.65
3.65
3.66
A.08

3.573.523.593.593.573.96-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1 n
TONS) ----------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------

528
279
71

3.A3
3.A3
3.19

TRUCKDRIVERS, MECIUM (1-1/2 TC
AND INCLUDING A TCNS) ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

2,278
161
2,117
1,68 A
265
6C

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TCNS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------

Under
and
$
2. GO under
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3 .40 3 .50 3.60 3.70 3.80 4 .00 4.20 4.40 4.60

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

1
1

-

2
2
-

16
16
-

24
24
-

4
4
4

84
2
82
81
-

163
20
1 A3
102
40

29
22
7

3.72
3.75
3.72
3.69
3.75
4.19

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

3
3
3

13
8
5
5

15
8
7
6

36
36
36

4
4
4

18
15
3
-

23
14
9
1

162
12
150
150

74
38
36
36

6

"

“

113
68
45
18
27
~

3.5 A
3.53
3.35

3.50- 3.57
3.A6- 3.56
2.77- 3.54

_
-

7
~

22
8
~

2
2
2

5
5
5

12
12
12

36
31
~

398
197
29

3.56
3 .A 9
3.57
3.55
3.62
3.91

3.62
3.58
3.62
3.62
3.62
3.78

3.553.303.563.553.553.73-

3.67
3.65
3.67
3.66
3.69
3.95

11
8
3
-

_
-

150
2
148
148

58
32
26
26

5
5
5

35
5
30
25
5

1,959
332
1,627
925
A52

3.78
3.81
3.77
3.72
3.69

3.72
3.75
3.72
3.72
3.66

3.643.653.633.643.60-

3.97
4.04
3.93
3.77
3.92

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------

1,1CC
116
98 A
5 1C
A67

3.7C
3.78
3.69
3.68
3.70

3.69
3.58
3.69
3.67
3.73

3.633.373.633.633.64-

3.75
4.41
3.75
3.7C
3.76

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1,838
1,089
7A9
171
396
18C

3.20
3.08
3.37
3.6 C
3.2C
3.53

3.16
3.11
3.25
3.65
3.16
3.61

3.C62.973.153.623.133.28-

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------

337

3.32

3.39

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

7

~

_
“

_
”

_
“

1

1
1
1

1
1
1

13
5
4

12
12
12

1
1
1

23

_

23
23

-

2
2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2
2

48
25
23
6
17

13
11
2

3
3

6
6

17

1

3

“

-

393
152
241
80
161

63
3
60
60

46
32
14
14

4
~

2
~

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

566 1281
41
64
525 1217
383 1 C79
103
96
6

124
6
118
56
32

15
15
15

3
3
“

_
-

7
7
-

570
121
449
226
2C5

522
45
477
469
“

145
145

379
138
241
80

63
3
60
-

8

220
220
140
80
24
24
-

450
A 50
384
66

442
A
A3 8
126
312

6
6
-

11
11
“

_

244
8
236
154

5
5
5
“

18
18
-

21
6
15

8
8
-

5

84

-

3

“

74
6
68
42
26

3

9

155

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.27
3.21
3.63
3.68
3.2C
3.66

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

2
2

30
30

62
58
4
4

13
8
5
5

235
220
15
12
3

178
177
1

603
296
307

1
“

292
13

332
247
85
49
36

3.10- 3.55

-

35

24

A7

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

5

9

-

-

-

6

8
3
5
5

-

-

166
6
160
142
18

84
84

-

-

6

34
29
5

-

6
6

163 1208 2375 1090
209
266
57
1C
153
942 2166 1033
25
552 1694
595
255
368
127
412
40
24
“
~

_
-

10
10
-

Data limited to m e n workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Wo r k e r s we re distributed as follows: 10 at $1.70 to $1.80; 387 at $1.80 to $1.90; and 325 at $1.90 to $2.
Transportation, communicatiqn, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




12
4
4

7

35
15
20

-

3
3
-

-

82

-

-

~

7

_
-

142

-

~
4

-

15

-

-

39
32
7
-

_

_

-

-

-

17

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by m i n i m u m entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced w o m e n office workers, Sa n Fr an ci sc o— Oakland, Calif., Ja nu ar y 1967)
Inexperienced typists

M i n i m u m w e e k l y straight-time sa la ry1

Other inexperienced clerical w o r k e r s 2
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Manufacturing
All
industrie s

B a s e d on standard we ek ly hours;3 of—

All
industries
All
schedules

3 7Vz

40

All
schedules

3 7V2

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

B a s e d on standard we ek ly hours 3 of—
3 7V2

40

All
sche dules

37V2

40

Establishments studied--------------------------------------

271

78

XXX

XXX

193

XXX

XXX

271

78

XXX

XX X

193

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified m i n i m u m ---------------

112

36

5

27

76

15

45

142

38

7

27

104

16

70

_
2
1
1
5
7
2
4
-

_
1
1
10
8
11
10
7
10
4
5
1
2

_
3
2
3
3
2
2
-

_
7
5
4
4
3
7
3
4
1
2

4
5
4
15
7
16
11
12
7

1
2
1
2
3
2
3
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

1
2
2
13

U n d e r $ 57.50_____________________________________________
$ 57.50 and under $ 60.00--------------------------------$ 60.00 and under $ 62.50--------------------------------$ 62.50 and under $ 65.00--------------------------------$ 65.00 and under $ 67.50------------------------ -----$ 67.50 and under $ 70.00--------------------------------$ 70.00 and under $ 72.50--------------------------------$ 72.50 and under $ 75.00--------------------------- -------------------------$ 75.00 and under $ 77.50-------- .
$ 77.50 and under $ 80.00--------------------------------$ 80.00 and under $ 82.50--------------------------------$ 82.50 and under $ 85.00----------- -------------------$ 85.00 and under $ 87.50___________________ ____________
$ 8 7.50 and under $ 90.00---- ---------- ----------------$ 90.00 and under $ 92.50--------- ---------------------$ 92.50 and under $ 95.00_____________________ _____
--------------$ 95.00 and under $ 97.50----------- —
$ 97.50 and under $ 100.00_________________________ ____
$ 100.00 and under $ 102.50_____________ _______________
$ 102.50 and under $ 105.00------- ------------ ------$ 105.00 and under $ 107.50-----------------------------$ 107.50 and ov e r --------------------------------------- -

_
1
1
12
11
12
17
15
14
5
9
1
3
1
2
1
2
1
_
1
2
1

_
2
3
1
7
8
4
1
4
1
1
1
2
_
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

-

-

-

2
1

4
5
4
17
12
19
17
19
10
4
10
4
3
2
2
1
1
3
1
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
1

_

_

_

2
5
3
6
7
3
1
5
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-

2
3
2
4
6
1
4
-

_

_

_

1

-

1

-

-

-

3

5
4
2
1
2
3
1
1
1
-

3

10
6
8
5
3

-

4
3
2
1
1
_
_
3
1
1
1
-

____________

43

15

XXX

XXX

28

XXX

XX X

48

17

XXX

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

Establishments w h i c h did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this category--------------------------------------------

116

27

XXX

XXX

89

XXX

XXX

81

23

XX X

XXX

58

XXX

XXX

Establishments having no specified m i n i m u m

-

_
-

-

1
1
2
1

-

-

-

-

2
1
-

-

2
-

_

-

-

-

-

1

T h e s e salaries relate to formally established m i n i m u m starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard wo rk w e e k s .
Excludes w o r k e r s in subclerical jobs such as m e s s e n g e r or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard w o r k w e e k s combined, and for the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k s reported.




-

1
1
1
-

1

_
_
_

18




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of ma nu fa ct ur in g plant w o r k e r s by type and a m o u n t of differential,
Sa n F r an ci sc o— O a k l a n d , Calif. , January 1967)
Pe rc en t of manufacturing plant w o r k e r s —

Shift differential

In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—
Se co nd shift
work

Third or other
shift w o r k

Actually w c irking on—

Se cond shift

Th ir d or other
shift

96. 8

93. 7

16. 0

Wi t h shift pay differential_____________________

96. 8

92. 5

16. 0

7. 3

U n i f o r m cents (per h o u r ) ___________________

49. 6

39. 7

9. 2

4. 8

5 c e n t s ........ .... ........... .........
8 c e n t s ---------- ------------------- ----9 c e n t s ........... ........... .............
10 cents_______________________ ___________
11 cents__________________________________
12 cents__________________________________
1ZV2 or 14V4 cents..____ _________________
14V3 c e n t s ________________________________
15 cents__________________________________
16 cents__________________________________
20 cents__________________________________
2 l2 or 22 c e n t s _________________________
/5
23 cents_____ _____________________________
30 cents___________________ _______________
31 cents----------------------------------

3. 6
16. 6
.6
11. 4
1. 4
1. 8
3. 2
4. 8
4. 2
2. 0
-

.1
_
1. 9
8. 0
.5
9. 3
8. 6
3. 1
1.4
2. 6
2. 7
1. 5

.6
3. 0
.2
1.4
.5
.2
1. 2
1. 1
.5
.4

17. 2

17. 2

2. 3

.7

5 p e r c e n t _________________________________
8 p e r c e n t _________________ _________ _____
10 p e r c e n t ______________________ ________
15 p e r c e n t _____________________ _______
19 percent _______________________________
28 percent _______________________________

5. 3
2. 1
8. 4
1.4
-

_
2. 1
5. 3
8. 4
1. 4

_
.5
1. 7
-

.4
.3
-

Other fo r m a l pa y differential 2
______________

30. 1

35. 6

4. 5

1.7

Total _____ ______________ _________ ________ ____

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ...... ......... ........

Wi th no shift pay differential__________________

-

-

7. 3

_
.
1. 5
.2
_
.6
.9
.3
.4
.8
.1
-

1. 1

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with f o rm al provisions covering late shifts
ev e n though they w e r e not currently operating late shifts.
2 P r i m a r i l y combination plans providing for full d a y ’s p ay for re du ce d hours plus cents-per-hour differential, or percent
differential, and/or a paid lunch period not given first-shift work er s.
S o m e of the plans provide for flat-sum p a y m e n t s per
shift or per w e e k , or for a combination of either cents-per-hour or percent differential plus a paid lunch period not given
first-shift work er s.

19
T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d W e e k l y

H o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , San F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1967)
O
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u rs

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 and u n d e r 37 l/z h o u r s --------------------------2>7l/z h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 383 4 h o u r s -----------------------/
383 4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------/
O v e r 383 4 and u n d e r 40 h o u r s --------------------------/
40 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------41 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------

6
1
5
-

14
86

100

1
2
3
4
5
6

(?)
( 6)
88

O f f ic e w o r k e r r
R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

3
97

5
-

6
5
18
3
6
1
60

1
4
22
20
2
52

6
6
-

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

( 6)
94

( 6)
88

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

17
16
7
2
59

1
10
6
83

2
8
24
9
2
2
53

( 6)

S c h e d u le d h o u rs a r e th e w e e k ly h ou rs w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f the fu l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a ig h t - t im e
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




o r o v e r t im e

r a te s .

20
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u a lly, San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1967)
O
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------

M anu­
A ll
in d u s tr ie s 1 fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 2

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s trie s 3

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 2

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

98

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Z

Z

1

N u m b e r o f d a ys

L e s s than 6 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plu s Z h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------- ------------- --------8 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------- --------8 h o lid a y s plu s Z h a lf d a y s --------------------------------8 h o lid a y s plu s 3 h a lf d a y s _________________________
9 h o l i d a y s ______________ ______________ ______________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plu s Z h a lf d a y s -------------------------------10 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------11 h o lid a y s -------------------------- ----- ------- ----------

12 holidays----------------------------------------------------------

Z

_

1
Z
11
70
-

6

-

Z4

( 5)
4

17
7
4Z
Z
4
ZO
1
7

"

"

“

-

-

-

4
5

7
7
3Z
34
8Z
82
99
99
99
99
99
99

5
5
16
16

( 5)
3
41
1
Z
15

10
-

5

_

14
-

33

44
-

6
"

7
Z
57
1
Z9

4
-

-

( 5)
1
17
Z
3
54
3
Z
1
11
1
1
1
1
1
Z

_
15
1
7
53
3

( 5)
8
81

_

_
5
69
1
ZZ
1
-

6

-

1Z
1
1

11
1

18
15
4Z
Z3
Z

-

"

“

z

-

9
57
4
Z
4
9
3
3

(5)
3
1
4

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 6

12 days_____________________________________________
11 d a ys o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------I 0 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------9 V2 d a ys o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------9 d a ys o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------8 V2 d a ys o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------8 d ays o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
7 d a ys o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------6 d ays o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------5 d a ys o r m o r e ____________________________________
4 d a ys o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------3 d a ys o r m o r e ____________________________________
Z d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------

.

ZZ
Z3
67
67
91
97
97
97
98
98

86
86
97
99

100
100
100
100

_

_

6
6

-

51
51
84
84
98
98
98
98
98
98

4
4
34
34
91
93
93
95
98

100

z
z
3
5

8
Z1
Z3
81
83
99
99

100
100
100
100

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
3
Z1
Z4
84
85
100

1

z
z
Z4
Z4
8Z

z
z
z
z
3
3

100
100
100
100
100

1
1Z
1Z
9Z
9Z
99
99

100
100
100
100

4
5

8
11

100

95

18
Z9
34
91
91
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

8Z

Z6
Z6

1 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
6 All combinations of full and half days that add to the s a m e a m o u n t are combined; for example, the proportion of w o rk er s receiving a total of 9 days includes those
with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and Z half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions w e r e then cumulated.




21
T a b le

B -5 .

P a id V a c a t io n s 1

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , San F r a n c is c o - O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2
100

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilitie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
93
6
1

100
98
2
-

98
95
3
-

100
100

100
99

100
100

100
99
1

100
100

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

-

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s --------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t-------------------------------------F la t - s u m p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s ----------------------------------------------

99
95
3
( 6)

"
-

( 6)
-

-

4
56
3
"

51
“

64
2
“

20
14
-

1
49
6
24

73
27
-

8
92
-

41
59
-

1
2
96
1
-

1
96
3
-

_

2

1

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 7
A f t e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------

6
16
4
-

13
18
-

3
50
4
9

"

39
6
-

53
17
19
2
9
1
-

52
35
13
-

58
3
35
2
-

58
42
-

17
1
81
1
1
( 6)

3
96
1
-

18

7

7

80
13
-

15
81
2
-

2
98
-

1
2
94
2
1
(6 )

(6)
99
1
-

2
16
83
-

100
-

100
"

15
77
7
-

100
-

( 6)
92
2
5
( 6)

92
3
5
"

92
8
-

82
18
"

-

1

-

-

100
■

96
3
-

"

85
15
"

-

-

-

-

-

1
61
5
30
2

-

62
11
21
5

81

68

31

84
1
15
-

83
17
-

55
45
-

49
51
-

1
85
12
2
-

( 6)

"

( 6)
76
5
18
( 6)

9
20
5
(? )
( 6)

14
16
7
1

( 6)

"

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

55
7
28
3
4
(* )
( 6)

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________________

11
4
75
3
5
(* )
(6)

61
2
11
1
-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

-

5
84
1
8
(? )
( 6)

-

8
78
2
11
1

A ft e r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at e nd of table.




-

-

-

19
-

30
“

69
“

_

'

22
T a b l e B -5 .

P a id V a c a tio n s 5
—

C o n t in u e d

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif . , J a n u a ry 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

M anu­
A ll
in d u s tr ie s 1 fa c tu r in g
2

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 7— C o n tin u ed
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------

8
77
15
-

1
86
11
-

2
98
-

2
11
69
4
15
-

7
77
2
15

1
86
11

2
98
-

-

-

5
31
64

1
82
15
-

70

( 6)

2
1
75
7
15
-

3
1
45
3
44
4

2
1
44
6
39
7

5
29
66

1
34
61
2

2
56
42
-

3
1
29
1
61
4

2
1
35
3
52
7

3
1
29
1
61
4

2
1
35
3
52
7

5
5
79
1
9
( 6)

6
11
69
2
12

3
5
78
2
10

-

13
4
80
( 6)
3
( 6)

5
1
89
2
4
-

2
90
8
-

15
82
4
-

5
95
-

4

2
88
2
8
-

12
82
5
-

5
95
-

22
9
68
1
-

( 6)

7
85
8
-

5
84
10
-

6
92

7
49
41
4

5
62
33
-

5
82
2
11
-

-

22
9
68
1
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------

( 6)

13
3
79
1
4
( 6)

( 6)
87
2
7
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

3
1
68
3
25

-

2
-

28
-

5

1

( 6)
81

( 6)
88
11
-

( 6)
13
( 6)

50
49
-

( 6)
1
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------

( 6)

4
( 6)
59
1
34
2

1
( 6)
42
53
4

( 6)
39
60
( 6)

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

1

2

4

-

-

-

3

27

21

-

-

-

92

64
5

77
-

( 6)
26
(6)
65
4

1
27
64
5

2
21

( 6)
22

5

( 6)

1
( 6)
29
1
62
7

( 6)

7

5

5

-

-

-

4

47

13

27

-

-

-

-

95

37
9

81
-

65
3

7
32
53
9

5
13

5
20

( 6)

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le 8
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

5
-

3
92
( 6)

-

77
"

4

( 6)
70
4

1
( 6)
28
1
62
7

( 6)
4
92
3

-

-

81

73
3

"

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits b e y o n d basic plans to w o r k e r s
qualifying lengths of service.
Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, a l u m i n u m , and can industries.
* Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
5 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.
7 Includes p a y m e n t s other than "length of time," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example,
a p a y m e n t of 2 percent of annual earnings w a s considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service w e r e arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions
for progressions.
F o r example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring be t w e e n 5 and 10 years.
Estimates
are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receiving 3 we ek s' pa y or m o r e after 5 years includes those w h o receive 3 weeks' pay or m o r e after fewer years of service.
8 Figures s h o w n also indicate the provisions after 30 years of service.

with




23
T a b l e B -6 .

H e a lt h , I n s u r a n c e , a n d P e n s i o n P l a n s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r pens ion b e n e f i t s , 1 San F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1967)
O
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

100

O ffic e w o r k e r s

,

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

86

96

98

99

99

95

94

100

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 5

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L i f e in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u ra n c e __________________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 6 -------------------------------------

95

94

65

76

5
1

75

59

66

77

46

80

54

66

75

62

88

81

86

86

82

98

85

76

89

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e -------------S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ---------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ----------------------------------------

14

18

19

12

7

21

21

23

21

1

25

32

17

54

44

28

72

81

58

82

42

78

35

31

34

37

51

12

3

39

3

34

6

99
99
98
67
92

100
100
97
59
96

98
98
98
87
93

100
100
100
63
84

100
100
96
86
94

98
98
97
88
88

99
99
99
87
95

99
99
99
98
78

100
100
100
98
78

98
98
84
91
97

96
96
96
80
92

H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e -----------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ---------------------------------------N o h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n ---------

1 In c lu d e s th o s e p la n s fo r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
6 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly
e s t a b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c te d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e . I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




24
T a b le

B -7 .

P r e m iu m

Pay

fo r O v e r t im e

W o rk

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y o v e r t im e p r e m iu m p a y
p r o v is io n s , San F r a n c is c o — ak lan d , C a lif., Ja n u a ry 1967)
O

Plant wo r k e r
P r e m i u m pa y policy

All w o r k e r s _____________________________________

Manu­
All
industrie s 1 facturing

Public
utilities 2

Office w o r k e r s
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
Manu­
industries 3 facturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

98

96

94

97

93

93

98

90

78

100

95

98

96

93

97

93

93

98

5
5
(6)
79
9

12
_
1
64
21

100
-

95
5

_
5
(6)
93
-

2
2
6
4
81
(6)

1
6
10
76
1

3
1
(6)
93
-

17
5
3
68
-

_
6
87
-

1
9
4
83

9

21

(6)

1

1

1

2

4

6

3

7

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

99

91

79

100

95

100

99

99

100

100

100

99

6
5
(6)
80
9

14

-

-

100
-

95
5

2
2
5
5
85
(6)

1
6
9
82
1

17
5
3
75
-

-

-

66
20

7
6
87
-

_
1
4
7
88
-

9

20

(6)

1

Daily overtime at p r e m i u m rates
W o r k e r s in establishments having
provisions for daily overtime p ay 5
at p r e m i u m r a te s-------------- ----------- T i m e and one-half -------- -------------Effective after:
7 ho u r s ________________________________
O v e r 7 and under
ho u r s ---------l l/z ho u r s -------------- -------------O v e r 7 V 2 and under 8 h o u r s ---------8 ho u r s ----------------------------- —
Double t i m e ---------------------------------Effective after:
8 ho u r s ________________________________
W o r k e r s in establishments having no
provisions for daily overtime p ay
at p r e m i u m rates 7 ---------------- _ -------

5

-

W e e k l y overtime at p r e m i u m rates
W o r k e r s in establishments having
provisions for w e ek ly overtime pa y 5
at p r e m i u m rate s----------------------------T i m e and one-half-------------------------Effective after:
35 h o u r s ------------- --------------O v e r 35 and under 3 7 V2 ho u r s -------3 7 V 2 h o u r s ---------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 and under 40 ho u r s -------40 h o u r s -----------------------------Double ti m e ---------------------------------Effective after:
40 h o u r s ----------- ------------Other p r e m i u m rates _ _____________________
W o r k e r s in establishments having no
provisions for w e ek ly overtime pay
at p r e m i u m rates 7 ---------------------------

(6)

1

-

-

5

-

6
(6)
94
-

3
1
(6)
96
-

-

(6)

(6)

1 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Includes w o r k e r s in establishments covered by legislative requirements regarding p r e m i u m pay for overtime, even though such w o r k e r s actually do not w o r k o v e r ­
time. Graduated provisions for p r e m i u m pa y are classified under the first effective p r e m i u m rate. F o r example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double
time after 10 hours woul d be considered as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Similarly, a plan calling for no pa y or pay at a regular rate after 35 hours and time and
one-half after 40 hours wo ul d be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
6 Le s s than 0.5 percent.
7 Includes w o r k e r s in establishments e x e m p t f r o m legislative requirements regarding p r e m i u m pay for overtime and where, as a ma tt er of policy, overtime is not
worked.




Appendix. O ccupational D escription s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OF F I CE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shiDoincr charges,7 and entrv of necessarv extensions
1 A
^
^
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
25

26

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woxkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e.g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

2 8

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responfiles, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e^ftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

29
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting .and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufactaring, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches^ partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
e quipme nt.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

33

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVE ME NT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar, establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

34

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one*or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 / 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i la b le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e seventh annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r accountants, au d itors,
a tto rn e y s , ch em ists, e n g in e e r s , en g in e e rin g tech n ician s, d ra fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , job analysts, d i r e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, m a n a g e rs o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , bu yers, f r e ig h t ra te c le r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B LS B ulletin 1535, N ation al
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l
50 cents a copy.

S u rvey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r c h 1966.
M

☆ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -253-605/54




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20204,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and price

A k ro n , O hio, June 1966 1_________________________________
S
A lb a n y — ch en ectad y—T r o y , N .Y ., A p r. 1966 1 -----------A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x . , A p r. 1966 1_____________________
A lle n to w n —B eth leh em —E aston , P a .— .J .,
N
F eb . 1966 1________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1966 1 _________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________
Beaum ont—P o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 1____
O
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1966____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, July 1966 1____________________________
B oston , M a s s ., O ct. 1966________________________________

1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

B u ffa lo , N .Y ., D e c . 1965_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , M a r. 1966______________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r . 1966 1________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a . , A p r . 1966 1 ________________________
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p r . 1966 1
_____________________________
C hattanooga, T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1966 1___________________
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________________
C in cin n ati, O hio— y .— d ., M a r . 1966 1 ______ _________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1966 1____________________________
C olum bus, O h io, O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N o v . 1966 1_________________________________
D a v e n p ort— o c k Isla n d —M o lin e, Iow a—
R
111.,
O ct. 1966 1_________________________________________________
D ayton , O hio, Jan. 1966 1 ________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1966----------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Iow a, F eb . 1966 1 __________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan. 1966________________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N o v . 1966 1___________________________
G re e n B ay, W i s . , A u g. 1966 1____________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1966 1_____________________________
H ouston, T e x ., June 1966 1 —_____________________________
In d ian a p o lis, Ind., D e c . 1965 1___________________________
Jackson, M is s ., F eb . 1966 1_____________ ________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1966____________________________
K ansas C ity , M o.—K a n s ., N ov. 1966_____________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1966 1 _______
H
N
L it t le R ock — o rth L it t le R ock , A r k ., Aug. 1966 1_____
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif., M a r. 1966 1
_____________________
L o u is v ille , K y ,— d ., F eb . 1966_________________________
In
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1966 1______________________________
M a n c h es te r, N .H ., A u g. 1966 1--------------------------------M em p h is, T en n .— r k . , Jan. 1966 1 ----- ---------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., D e c . 1966______________________ ____ ___ _____
M idland and O d e ss a , T e x ., June 1966 1 ________________


Data on establishment


A rea

Bulletin number
and price
1465-61,
1465-38,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
40 cents

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 cents
25 cents

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

30cents M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 1966_______________________________
25cents M in n ea p o lis—
St. P au l, M inn., Jan. 1966_________ ________
25cents M uskegon—M uskegon H e igh ts , M ich ., M ay 1966 1 ______
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F eb . 1966 1 _____________
25cents N ew H aven , Conn., Jan. 1966 1 ___________________________
30cents N ew O rle a n s , L a ., F eb . 1966_____________________________
30cents N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1______________________________
25cents N o r fo lk — o rts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
20cents
Ham pton, V a., June 1966________________________________
25cents O klahom a C ity , O k la ., Aug. 1966 1_______________________
25cents
Om aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, O ct. 1966___________________________
25cents P a te r s o n -C lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., M ay 1966 1 ___________
P
20cents P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1966 1_______ ______________
N
25cents P h oen ix, A r i z . , M a r. 1966 1_______________________________
25cents P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1966________________________________
25cents P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1966________________________________
30cents P o rtla n d , O r e g ,—W ash., M a y 1966 1______________________
30cents P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu ck et— a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s .,
W
M
25cents
M ay 1966----------------------------------------------------------------30cents R a le ig h , N .C ., Sept. 1966------------------------------------------30cents R ichm ond, V a ., N ov. 1966----------------------------------------30cents R o c k fo rd , 111., M ay 1966 1 _________________________________

1530-18,
1465-76,
1530-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1530-19,
1465-39,
1530-32,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,

30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents

St. L o u is , M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1___________________________
Salt Lak e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1966 1________________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., June 1966_____________________________
San B ern a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
O
Sept. 1966__________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1967 1_____________
San J ose, C a lif., Sept. 1966_______________________________
Savannah, G a., M ay 1966 1________________________________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1966-------------------------------------------S eattle—E v e r e tt, W ash., O ct. 1966________________________

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1465-44,
1465-41,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1465-42,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., O ct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1966 1_____________________________
Spokane, W ash ., June 1966________________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F l a . , Sept. 1966 1______________
T o le d o , Ohio—M ich ., F eb . 1966___ _______________________
T re n ton , N .J ., D ec. 1966 1_________________________________
W ashington, D .C .—M d.— a . , O ct. 1966 1_________________
V
W a terb u ry, Conn., M a r. 1966 1___________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1966 1_______________________________
W ich ita, K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1_______________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., June 1966 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1966 1----------------------------------------------Youngstown— a rr e n , O hio, N ov. 1966___________________
W

1530-12,
1465-55,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1465-49,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1465-52,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1530-29,

20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1530-16,

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102