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x

zt. 3

;

Area Wage Survey
/■ 9 o o - 7 9
San Diego, California,
Metropolitan Area, November 1976
Bulletin 1900-79
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics







Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a N o v e m b e r 1976 s u r v e y
o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s in the San D i e g o , C a l i f o r n i a , Stand ard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a (San D i e g o C oun ty ). T h e s u r v e y w a s
m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ich is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d data f o r in d iv id u a l
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as w e l l as n a tio n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r
a l l Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n ite d State s ,
e x c lu d in g A l a s k a and H a w a i i .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is the n e e d to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th rough the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y oc c u p atio n, and (Z) the m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a ti o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e p r o g r a m
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
c lu d in g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n ,
c o lle c t iv e bargain ing,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p lant l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o
a r e u s e d b y the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e inclu d ed in the p r o g r a m . (See
l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f its is ob ta in ed e v e r y
th ird y ea r.

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d i v i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve
b e en c o m p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The fir s t
b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
se co n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e San D i e g o s u r v e y w a s condu cted b y the B u r e a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
tio n o f M i l t o n K e e n a n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y c ould n o t h a v e b e en a c c o m p l i s h e d with ou t
the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data
p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b u lle tin .
T h e B u re au w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o ­
operation r e c e iv e d .

N o te :
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in the San
D i e g o a r e a is a v a i l a b l e f o r the la u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g i n d u s tr y
( N o v e m b e r 1976).
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e
r a t e s f o r b uild ing t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e
e m p l o y e e s . F r e e c o p i e s o f th es e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's
region al o ffic e s .
(S e e b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Bulletin 1900-79

Area W ag e Survey:

M a rc h 1977

San Diego, California,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Ray Marshall, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Metropolitan Area
N ovem ber 1976

Contents

Page

I n tr o d u c tio n __________________________________________

Page

2

Appendix A .
A p p e n d i x B.

S c o p e and m eth od o f s u r v e y ________
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________

11
14

T ab le s :
A.

E arnings:
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . .
A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x _____________________
A - 4 . H o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m a in te n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s _________________________________
A - 5 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l
w o r k e r s _________________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r p la nt, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s to d i a l w o r k e r s , by s e x ___________
A -l .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , adjuste d
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ________________




3
5

6

7

8

9

10

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing
O ffic e, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover.
Price 55 cents.
Make checks payable to
Superintendent o f Documents.




Introduction
( c ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b l e s A - l a th ro u gh A - 6 a p r o v i d e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h ic h the U.S.
D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re a u of L a b o r S t a tis tic s
con du ct s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
la t e d b e n e f its .
In this a r e a , data w e r e ob ta in ed b y
a c o m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e ,
and te le p h on e i n t e r v i e w .
R epresen ta tive esta b lish ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
ta c te d :
M a n u fa c t u rin g ; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a ­
tio n,
and ot h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r in d u s tr y gro ups e x c lu d e d f r o m
th e s e
studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s tr ie s .
E stab lish­
m e n ts having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of
w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the occup ations studied.
S e p a r a te t a b u la ­
tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , industrial
n u rs e s ,
s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k ille d pla nt w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u fa c tu rin g , and
no n m an u fa ctu rin g.
T h is tab le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e of
w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s caus e d by e m p l o y m e n t s h ifts am o n g e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n ­
clud ed in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , se e
a p p e nd ix A .
A ppendixes

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m ethod s and c o n ­
c e p t s used in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T a b l e s A - 1 th rough A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s
o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y o r h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r w o r k ­
e r s in occup ations c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of m anu­
f a c t u r i n g and no nm anu fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
Occupa­
tions w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l,

A p p e n d i x B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used
b y B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occup ation.

2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in San Diego, C alif., November 1976
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and indus try division
workere

Average
w eekly
houn 1
(standard

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f--$

$

*

M edian

*

M idd le range*

and
u n d er
100

ALL

s

$

$

s

I

$

S

s

$

S

$

S

$

S

S

s

S

S

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

ieo

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

25q

260

270

280

290

over

6

90
Mean

S

88
3
85
4

85
3
82
8

133
24
109
4

139
29
110
1

167
60
107
4

275
69
206
4

189
80
109
9

122
70
52
5

113
73
40
2

96
49
47
2

98
40
58
19

135
108
27
3

120
114
6
-

56
41
15
5

55
44
11
-

26
7
19
16

19
5
14
1

9
7
2

12
4
8

-

-

7
2
5

2
2
-

2
2
-

6
4
2

6
5
1

9
3
6

WORKERS
$
$
170.00-230.00
192.0C-250.0O
158.00-200.50
185.00-251.50

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------- -

1,937
820
1,117
87

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

199.50
219.50
185.00
218.00

$
193.00
219.00
180.50
230.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ------------------—
MANUFACTURING----------------------- — --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

112
33
79

39.5
40.0
39.5

220.50
248.50
209.00

206.00 1 9 0 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0
2 4 6 . 0C 2 1 8 . 0 0 - 2 7 6 . 5 0
1 9 5 .5 0 1 9 0 . 0 0 - 2 2 6 . 0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS P ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

358
124
234

40.0
40.0
39.5

217.50
236.50
207.50

220.00
238.00
200.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

609
311
298
36

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

200.00
212.00
1 8 7 .0 0
201.00

193.00
209.50
1 8 2 .0 0
200.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ------------------------------

772
316
456

40.0
40.0
40.0

1 9 0 .5 0
219.50
170.50

1 8 2 .5 0
242.00
1 6 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -----------------------------PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s --------------------------

143
87
56
26

4 0 .C
40.0
40.0
40.0

1 8 4 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------- -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

281
95
186

40.0
40.0
40.0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

318
41

F IL E

CLASS C ----------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

15
1
14
-

-

-

6
-

_

.

-

-

3

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

191.50-247.00
2 0 7 .5 0-257.00
l e o . 0 0 - 2 3 0 .00

_

-

-

6

3

10

25

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

10

25

2

176.50-220.00
190.00-231.00
163.5C -199.00
188.00-234.50

.
-

-

-

10
10
4

17
17
4

18
6
12
*

*

_

7

22

18

-

-

-

-

-

*

7

22

18

9
4
5

11
11

28
11
17

43
3
40

38
18
20

13
4
9

36
12
24

40
17
23

18
11
7

18
17
1

10
2
8

27
25
2

20
2
18

10
2
8

62
11
51
1

65
26
39
*

87
35
52
-

91
49
42
9

40
29
11
1

62
51
11
2

28
20
8
2

40
19
21
12

9
7
2
-

26
21
5

29
22
7
1

22
15
7

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

157.50-238.00
186.00-253.00
147.50-186.00

-

_
-

6
6

4
1
3

70
3
67

51
3
48

79
18
61

68
18
50

63
24
39

124
19
105

37
28
9

27
11
16

25
7
18

10
3
7

18
4
14

179.00
1 8 9 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0

154.00-218.00
168.00-233.00
140.00-197.00
1 9 1 . 0 0 - 2 1 4 . no

-

-

2
2
*

9
9
*

6
4
2

13
3
10
-

10
4
6
“

25
21
4
3

8
8
-

13
4

3
2
1
1

13
4

3
3
-

28
28
-

•

2
2
-

*

8
4
4
4

9

-

-

-

-

-

178.50
183.50
176.00

1 7 0 .5 0
172.00
1 7 0 .5 0

152.00-194.00
152.00-194.00
152.50-203.50

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

-

13

11

8

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

29
1
28

14
14

-

11
8
3

6
6

-

16
8
8

-

-

61
10
51

8

-

51
28
23

11

-

40
13
22

13

-

20
1
19

-

-

-

-

40.0
40.0

155.00
195.50

1 5 1 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0

131.00-170.50
161.00-237.50

-

5

10
*

61

42
*

35
2

46
5

33
10

27
2

24
2

10
1

4
3

7
2

3
3

1
1

9
9

1
1

-

-

-

-

294

39.5

1 0 1 .0 0

100.00

108.00-100.00

232

50

8

-

1

-

-

2

-

-

1

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- -------- -----------

91
62

39.0
39.5

1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0
118.00

110.50-157.00
110.50-130.00

4

15
11

20
19

9
9

11
10

7
4

13
1

9

1
1

_

1

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

336
58
278

40.0
39.5
40.0

126.50
1 8 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0

110.00
208.50
108.00

104.50-120.50
141.50-214.00
102.50-117.50

17
17

149
11
138

55

9

9

14
4
10

5
3
2

3
3

1
1
-

8
6
2

12
11
1

8
7
1

1

11
11
-

•

2
2
-

1
_

-

.

55

38
2
36

1

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS'
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -----------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

267
103
164
32

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

150.50
1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0

147.00
14 4 .0 0
147.00
161.50

126.50-162.00
120.00-150.00
127.00-164.50
140.50-218.00

11
8
3
-

43
26
17
-

32
17
15
4

55
22
33
8

11
10
1
1

35
2
33
7

4
4

-

-

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

78
64

40.0
40.0

147.00
1 3 2 .5 0

122.00
122.00

122.00-192.00
122.00-141.50

9

34
34

1
1

2
2

8
8

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

475
175
300

40.0
40.0
40.0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0

162.00
177.50
160.00

1 45.00-179.00
156.00-186,50
138.50-177.00

6

11

64
3
61

58
15
43

27

-

33
22

CLERKS,

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

22
*

.

-

-

3
3
3
3

-

9
6

at end o f ta b le s .




3

6

21

-

3
3
-

•

2
30
2
28
-

-

114
56
58

9

-

74
74
-

15
15
-

*

_

-

1

-

1
1

-

“
65
21
44

2

9
9

101
88
13

-

7
7

7
-

32
20
12

24
11
13

14
13

1

-

1

11

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

•

-

•

-

11
11

-

-

•

-

•

.

•

-

-

21
2
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

2
1

4
2

.

3
3

•

•

•

5

1

2

-

-

7
5

T able A-1. W eekly earnings of office w orkers in San Diego, C a lif., N ovem ber 1 97 6 — Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
S

s
90

w eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Occupation and in dus try di vision

M iddle range *

a" d
u n d er
100

$

100

$

110

S
120

$

130

i

1*0

5
150

1

160

$
170

s
180

I
190

s

200

$

210

$

220

s

230

1

240

1

250

I

260

I

270

S
280

290

......................................................................................................................................................-........................................................................ and
110

120

130

140

I5Q

160

170

180

190

200

210

22p

23Q

24Q

25g

260

270

28q

29Q

over

ALL WORKERS —
CONTINUEO
$
140 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0
14 0 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS 8 ----------MANUFACTURING ---------- ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

713
128
585

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

PAYROLL CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

172
40
132

M).0 1 6 7 . 5 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

331
115
216

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

276
45
231

S e e fo o tn o te s

at end o f t a b le s .




138 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

$
$
120. 00- 160.00
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

205.00
156 .0 0

15 7 .5 0
20 8 .0 0
15 4 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 17 8 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0 - 245.50
13 8 .0 C -1 7 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

172 .5 0
199 .5 0
158 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 9 2 . 0C
1 5 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 18 3 .3 0
1 7 3 .5 0 -2 3 6 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 173 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 5 .5 0
14 9 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

149 .5 0
140 .0 0
14 9 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 1 7 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

107

91
4
87

70

8

20

10

59

57

57

80
4
76

23

11

97

1
22

7

2
-

14

31

24
4

23

4

1

2

3

2

14

31

10

20

3
17

22

2

3
3
-

12

-

13
3

20

-

3

5

28

68

-

-

12

3

5

28

52
5
47

41

-

36
4
32

27
41

31
5
26

20
8

35
3
32

53
9
44

37
7

37

19
5
14

82
14

21

68

3

12

10

30

77

6
31

67

29

24
24

7
3
4

1

1

2

1

1

2

1

1

-

11

11

71
38
33

21
-

1

-

12
-

12

2

-

10

10

2

-

35
35

3

2

2

12

-

1

5
5
-

4

4
3

8

13

4
4

4
4

32
32

-

-

2
5
5

-

-

•

•

•

-

—
•

T ab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in San Diego, C a lif., N ovem ber 1976
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f -S

S

U n der
M ean 2

M edian 2

M idd le range2

140
,

150

s

$

S

160

170

$
180

S

190

S

200

S

s

S

210

220

23 0

S

240

s

S

250

260

s

270

$

S

280

300

s

S

320

340

S

360

and

380
and

140
150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

34f)

360

380

over

10
6
4

5
5
•

*3 3

4
3

6
6

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----

70
34
36

39 . 5 § 7 7 . 0 0 I 7 4 . 0 0 § 3 5 . 0 0 - ^ 1 4 . 0 0
40 . 0 3 8 3 . 5 0 3 8 4 . 5 0 3 5 4 . 0 0 - 4 0 5 . 5 0
39 .0 3 7 0 . 5 0 3 5 5 . 5 0 3 2 2 . 0 0 - 4 3 0 . 5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

84
64

39 . 5 2 9 7 . 5 0 2 9 9 . 5 0
39.0 2 9 5 . 5 0 2 9 3 . 5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

271.00-313.50
260.00-311.50

2

2

*

-

-

40 . 0 3 3 0 . 0 0 3 2 2 . 0 0 2 9 7 . 5 0 - 3 6 3 . 0 0
40 . 0 3 4 2 . 5 0 3 4 4 . 0 0 3 0 7 . 0 0 - 3 7 6 . 5 0
40.0 292.50 296.00 287.50 -2 99 .0 0

141
76
65

39.5 258.00 250.00 22 9. 00-285.00
40 .0 2 7 6 . 5 0 2 7 8 . 5 0 2 4 d . 0 0 - 3 1 1 . 0 0
39.0 2 3 6 . 5 0 2 3 3 . 0 0 2 1 8 . 5 0 - 2 5 3 . 0 0

“

40 . 0 2 2 2 . 5 0 2 1 0 . 5 0

-

11

81

191.50-247.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A — —
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING

142
47
95

39 . 5 2 3 8 . 5 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 2 1 6 . 0 0 - 2 6 3 . 5 0
*0.0 253.00 245.50 23 0. 50-282.50
39 . 5 2 3 1 . 5 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 2 1 4 . 0 0 - 2 5 0 . 0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —

179
77
102

3 9 . 5 1 9 0. 00
40 . 0 2 1 0 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 17 5 . 0 0

1 7 8. 50
19 1 . 5 0
1 6 6. 50

165.50-206.00
178.00-238.00
159.00-184.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING -----

53
34

40 . 0
40 . 0

14 9 . 5 0
14 2 . 5 0

142.50-178.50
130.50-176.50

16 0. 50
15 6 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

11

*

1
1

8
7
1

1
1

27
7
20

12
9
3

15
14
1

14
14
*

18
5
13

20
14
6

1
1
*

15
3
12

10
10
-

14
14
*

6
6
*

4
4

-

10

11

5

4

7

6

3

3

4

9

-

16
4

14
3

13
3

8
-

11
3

6
2

-

11

10

8

8

7
4
3

15
13

12

29
1
28

12
12

2

6
2
4

2

4

24
24

29

27

21

17

15

6

21
6

11

6

6

6

4
3

10

11

9

*

1

3
3
“

1

2

27

-

6

2
-

4
3

3
*

3
3

.
*

3
3

-

4
4
*

13
13
-

12
6

4

6

6

7
7
*

4
4

16
4

11

12

-

12

7
4

2

_

.

-

_

-

-

3

-

-

*

-

*

3

11

32
32

24

6

-

-

-

-

13
13
-

-

-

12

12
1
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
10

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

5
5
*

7
7
*

14

25
23
2

131
104
27

37

42
29
13

31

25
•
f25

15
7

24

12

20

8

4

7
5

12

2

10
-

13

10

13

*

-

-

71

96
49
96
49

-

—

1

-

2

—

-

*

1

4
*

7

*

12

52
49

75
75

123
123

115
115

144
138

113
113

124
124

120

114

96
92

81
80

49
49

68

43
41

20

56
53

69

20

58
58

66

54
S3

24
24

64
61

30
28

64
64
29
29

66
66

56
53

27
26

26
26

25
25

5
5

13
13

-

8

-

1

-

*

8

-

1

*

12

48 9
428

40 . 0 2 5 9 . 0 0 2 5 2 , 0 0
40 . 0 2 5 3 . 5 0 2 5 0 . 0 0

232.50-280.00
232.00-274.50

-

•

-

-

-

-

“

ELECTRONICS TEC HN ICIAN S, CLASS 8 MANUFAC TU RING ----------------- -------- -------- —

53 6
52 6

40 . 0 2 1 4 . 0 0 2 1 0 . 5 0
40.0 214.00 210.50

199.50-232.00
199.50-232.00

•

8

8

8

8

ELECTRONICS TEC HN ICIAN S,
MANUFACTURING -

30 5
30 2

40.0
40 . 0

174.00-194.00
174.00-194.00

•

16
16

4

16
16
36

44

4

33

44

-

•

-

*

16
16

21

45
45
78
78

47
47
68
68

109
103
19
19

21

•

13 at $380 I to $400; 3 at $400 to $420; 8 at $420 to $440; 7 at $440 to $460; and 2 at $460 to $480.
10 at $380 to $400; 6 at $400 to $420; 3 at $420 to $440; and 2 at $440 to $460.

at end of ta bles.

and 4 at $420 to $440.

5

.

2
2

10

27
7

10
21

-

•

-

1
-

-

-

7

1

-

-

-

-

•

-

2
-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

2

1

ELECTRONICS TEC H NICIANS, CLASS A MANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------- -------- ------------

•

2

8

34
34

9 at $400 to $420;

*

2

3
3

•

12 at $380 to $400;

3
3
*

*

4

193.50-250.50
192.00-245.00

10 **21
21
10
*

6

6

5
5

8

18
15

-

1

19
19

40 . 0 2 2 3 . 0 0 2 2 0 , 0 0
40 . 0 2 1 9 . 5 0 2 1 8 . 0 0

*

11
-

1,350
1, 2 7 6




5
2

3
3

9

8

See footnotes

4
1

12

-

•

as fo ll ow s;
as foll ows :
$130.
as foll ows :

21
16

7

5
-

-

w e r e dis tributed
w e r e distributed
w e r e at $120 to
w e r e dis tributed

11
8

_
*

159.50-196.50
150.00-164.00

Workers
Workers
Workers
Workers

14
2
12

12
9

2
-

170,00
15 9 . 5 0

*
**
***
t

3
2
1

2
2

-

18
14

40.0
40.0

186.00
186.00

4
3

7
7

16
11
5

-

-

18 5 . 0 0
18 5 . 5 0

-

*

3
3

-

40 .0 2 3 4 . 5 0 2 3 6 . 0 0 1 9 6 . 0 0 - 2 6 3 . 0 0
40 .0 2 1 5 . 5 0 2 0 6 . 0 0 1 9 0 . 0 0 - 2 5 5 . 0 0
40 . 0 2 6 5 . 0 0 2 6 1 . 5 0 2 3 7 . 0 0 - 3 0 1 . 0 0

CLASS C -

6
6

5

2
2

-

200

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING

*

-

15
5
10

*

•
“

DRAFTERS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING -----

18 5 . 5 0
16 1. 00

4
4

-

40 . 0 3 1 4 . 0 0 3 1 3 . 5 c 2 9 4 . 5 0 - 3 4 3 . 0 0
40 . 0 3 0 3 . 0 0 3 1 3 . 5 0 2 8 4 . 0 0 - 3 1 3 . 5 0
40 . 0 3 3 3 . 0 0 3 2 4 . 0 0 3 0 3 . 0 0 - 3 6 9 , 5 0

67
41

2
*

_

35 9
22 7
132

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ----MANUFACTURING

*

*

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----

124
76

*

-

-

*

1

(B USINESS).

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------

*

*

113
85
28

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

5

•

-

-

-

-

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

Table A -3. Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in San Diego, C alif., November 1976
Average
(m ean 2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )

Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

O F F IC E

OCCUPATION S -

Number
of
wodcers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

MEN
44

3 9 .0

$
1 3 1 .0 0

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

Number
of
w o ik e is

W eekly
hours *
(standard)

Average
(m e a n *)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATION S WOMEN— CO NTINU ED

Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

P R O FE S S IO N A L
OCCUPATION S -

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
[standard)

AND T E C H N IC A L
MEN— CO NTINU ED

$
COMPUTER O PERATO RS.

JO J

56

3 9 .5

CLASS

A:

$

38

2 5 1 .5 0

221

3 0 4 .0 0

71

1 8 4 .5 0

''3 '“ " 0
2 1 8 .0 0
2 6 3 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
•JtCf'C

I

Ak 11 t

CLASS

A

"

112

3 9 .5

152

1 9 9 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0

JJ

2 0 9 .0 0

Av vUUii I I N w

i . L u n i\ j j

C LASS

D

•

, o „

r-

39. 5

1 3 9 .0 0

LL Aj b

H

576

®*

3 .5

4 0 .0

169
39
130

2 0 0 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0

54

3 9 .5
_
^ _ __ ___ ^ k

/A

31

O L u i'u lM " lL J t

A A A
0 .0

A

1 8 8 .5 0

1 220
1 .1 9 0

3 9 .5

2 2 2 .5 0

, , ,

2 0 1 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
E LE C T R O N IC S
456

1Tr 1J 1a ♦

vL AJ J

n

2 1 9 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0

139
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS

186

--------------------------------------------

4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 9 j.j 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

®" 1 ■■ •

4 0 .0

P R O FE S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O CCUPATIONS - MEN

( U U j 1N L j j J t

vLAj j

3 7 7 .5 0




2 1 5 .5 0

E LE C TR O N IC S

T E C H N IC IA N S .

CLASS C -

236

1 8 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLASS A

(B U S IN E S S ) .

( B U S IN E S S ) .
J

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

fo o tn o te s

519

P R O FE S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
OCCUPATION S - WOMEN

A •

7 . -»0

( B U S IN E S S ) .

1 3 0 .0 0

See

C LASS B -

ANALYSTS

^93

30

1 4 7 .5 0

T E C H N IC IA N S .

1 4 8 .0 0

4 0 .0
m a n u f a c t u r in g

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

L L t L 1h U n 1 L j

l u C . j II

at e n d o f ta b le s .

i

6

1t L n M l L l A N i a

L L A ii

v
*

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in San Diego, C a lif., N ovem ber 1976
N u m ber

Hourly earnings 4

S
5.10

Num ber

Occupation and industry division

5.00
.
and
u n der

$
5.40

of w o rk ers

$
5.50

$
5.60

-

$
5.70

-

U nd e r

workers

®
5.00

-

5.10

ALL

S
i
5.20 5.30
-

5.20

-

5.3Q

-

5.40

5.50

5.60

r e c e iv in g

s tr a ig h t- tim e

h o u r ly

o f—

S
S
S
S
S
S
S
6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00

S
7.20

S
7.40

S
7.60

S
7.80

S
8.00

S
8.20

8.40

6.00

6.20

7.60

7.80

8.00

8.20

8.4Q

ov

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

4
4

75
-

4
4

5.7p

5,80

.

_

-

-

-

-

•

-

6,40

6.60

6.80

7.00

7.20

7.40

—

4
4

1
-

1
1

14
13

5
5

5
1

-

3
2

23
23

4
4

7
7

3
3

11
11

35
35

46
45

-

2

WORKERS

M AIN TE N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N S ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

32
26

$
6.79
6.71

$
6.87
6.87

7.56
7.15

7.52
7.23

7.20- 8.38
6.72- 7.52

.

.

-

-

-

1
1

1
I

_
-

-

-

-

•

1
"

*

*

4
4

i

13

-

-

-

2

-

$
$
6.79- 7.05
6.73- 6.87

223
142

M A INTE NA NCE CARPENTERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

-

--------------------------------

48

6.22

6.61

5.00- 6.91

----------------------

30

6.98

6.83

M A INTE NA NCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) MANUFACTURING ------------------— ------------------

237
210

7.18
7.14

7.06
7.06

6.91- 7.35
6.62- 7.27

.
*

M A INTE NA NCE M E CHA NICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONM ANUFACTUPING -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------- — ---------

204
79
125
110

7.12
7.91
6.63
6.61

7.11
7.70
7.00
6.25

5.506.765.505.50-

8.13
9.48
7.54
7.54

*

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

83
83

7.41
7.41

7.59
7.50

44
25

6.71
6.63

6.85
6.82

6.15- 7.06
6.15- 6.87

.

7.29- 7.52
7.29- 7.52

S T A T IO N A R Y ENG IN EE R S -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

.

6.58- 7.47

M A INTENANCE

P A IN T E R S

M AIN TE N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T S

ivs:
**

e a r n in g s

S
5.80

W o rk ers

S e e fo o tn o te s

w ere

d is tr ib u t e d

as

fo llo w s ;

28
9

at
at

$ 8 .4 0
$ 8 .8 0

to
to

$ 8 .6 0 ;
$9;

and

1
39

at

“

11
11
-

*

“

1
1

-

-

*

-

55

-

*

55

-

-

2
2

-

55

3
3
“

*

_

$ 9 .4 0

to
to

-

I
1

_

$9;

and

6

at

$ 9 .2 0

$ 9 .6 0 .

at end o f t a b le s .




*

i
i

*

29
29

6
6

7
7
-

-

m
-

-

9

7

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

13
12

4

4

49
49

1

1

3

69
69

22

3

-

-

*35
35

a

4
3

1
-

1
"

16
4
12
9

10
1
9
6

7

7

**48
39
9
9
-

2
2
*

4
4

$ 8 .8 0
at

-

3
13

-

7

-

to

$ 9 .4 0 .

-

1

1
1

2

7

I

7

-

3

1

10
10

26

7
7

26
26

_

-

33

42
42

13

2
2

1
1

33

.

-

7

5

4

1
1

.

4

-

-

1
1

.
-

-

T able A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in San D iego, C a lif., N o vem b er 1976
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4

S

Number
of

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

1

2 .50

$
I
2 .8 0 3 . 0 0

2 .6 0

s

i

$

$

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8

5

5

5

5

1

4 .0 0

q

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8

s

I

$

s

s

5

s

1

5 .0 0

q

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4

s

I- 1 -

6 .6 0

q

6 .8 0

Median

M iddle range 2

and

2 .6 0

Mean 2

and
u n d er

over

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

-

11
11
-

-

10
10
-

4
4

.

-

_

-

4

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 ,6 0

5 ,8 0

6 ,0 0

6 . 8 ()

6 ,4 0

6 .6 0

93
7
86
16

35
6
29
20

8
8
-

70
70

•

•

-

-

-

*

.

-

12

*

*

62
48

15
6
9

*

93
10
83

98
56
42

295

6 .2 0

ALL W O R K E R S
T R U C K D R I V E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1 ,3 1 7
693
624
266

$
6 .8 0
7 .1 3
6 .4 3
7 .6 6

$
6 .4 0
7 .7 5
6 .0 5
8 .5 5

$
$
5 . 3 0 “ 8 .5 5
5 . 3 0 - 9 .0 6
5 . 7 3 - 7 .1 5
6 .7 4 - 8 .5 5

38
38

7
7

T R U C K D R I V E R S . L I G H T T R U C K -------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ------------------

227
209

6 .2 5
6 .4 0

6 .0 0
6 .0 0

4 .9 5 6 .0 0 “

8 .5 5
8 .5 5

38
38

7
7

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E D I U M T R U C K ------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ------------------

436
151

5 .7 1
6 .4 6

5 .3 0
5 .7 0

5 .3 C 5 .6 0 -

5 .6 3
8 .5 5

T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E A V Y TR U C K
(TRAILER) -------------------------- M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------— ------ ------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ---- -------------

318
91
227

6 .7 3
7 .3 6
6 .4 8

6 .7 4
7 .7 5
6 .7 4

5 .9 7 6 .3 7 5 .9 7 -

7 .1 4
9 .0 6
6 .7 4

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(O TH ER T H A N T R AI LE R) -------------

306

8 .8 6

9 .0 6

9 .0 6 -

9 .2 0

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

144
32
112

5 .2 5
5 .2 6
5 .2 5

5 .4 4
S »4 A
5 .4 1

4 .7 0 4 .5 2 4 .9 6 -

5 .9 2
5 .9 2
5 .7 0

S H I P P I N G AN D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

166
89
77

5 .2 6
5 .1 2
5 .4 2

4 .9 8
4 .9 1
6 .2 9

4 .5 1 4 .6 1 4 .5 1 -

6 .2 9
6 .1 4
6 .2 9

541
129
412

5 .1 1
4 .8 4
5 .2 0

5 .2 0
4 .7 0
5 .3 6

4 .1 6 3 .9 6 4 .2 0 -

5 .7 2
6 .0 5
5 .7 2

A
4

NONMANUFACTUPING -----------------------------

W A R E H O U S E M E N --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G -----------------O R D E R F I L L E R S --------------------------

70

4 .8 3

4 .0 0

3 .6 2 -

6 .8 6

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ----------

248

5 .2 2

5 .2 1

4 .9 5 -

187

5 .7 a

5 .9 0

5 .8 2 -

5 .9 0

.
*

11
*

.

*

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

.

10
“

1
1
-

9
9
-

3
3
-

11
11
-

9
9

223
223
-

-

89
2
87

_

4

2

.

-

6

-

-

*

1
1

11
11

1

10
10
•

*

-

-

1
*

1
*

11
*

•

-

-

-

*

*

“

*

*

9
9

217
*

-

75
75

8
1

15
15

*

14
2
12

72
72

7
7
*

”

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

2
2
“

9
2
7

2
-

3

59
9
50

4
4

12
12
-

-

2

1
1
-

-

-

3
3

3

-

4
1
3

*

23
23

1
1
*

1
1

3
3

3
3

7
1
6

19
1
18

13
13
-

23
23
-

2
2
“

7
6
1

1
1

-

8
8

57
21
36

-

-

3
3
-

2
2

-

4
1
3

-

-

11
8
3

-

-

.
-

-

*

6
6

32
17
15

24
24

31
5
26

29
15
14

29
10
19

27
10
17

17
7
10

35
2
33

27
3
24

12
12

a

-

-

8

9
6
3

124
20
104

-

.
-

•
-

-

41
34
7

-

-

•
*

**9 2
92

40

66

A

90

-

-

-

-

-

-

-***

35

-

14

-

118

2

24

-

-

13

25
-

-

_
-

-

25

•

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

7

19

3

5

A

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

2

-

4

-

3

-

2

-

8

6

-

-

-

-

-

***2 5

-

-

-

8
8

-

2 .5 5
5 .0 3
2 .5 5

2 .5 5 3 .7 7 2 .5 5 -

2 .6 5
6 .0 3
2 .5 5

778
10
768

47
2
45

22
5
17

9
2
7

14
5
9

6
3
3

10
8
2

9
5
4

15
1
14

6
4
2

6
2
4

7
2
5

4
2
2

29
27
2

GUARDS)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

136

4 .8 7

5 .0 3

3 .7 7 -

6 .0 3

10

2

5

2

5

3

8

5

1

4

2

2

2

27

-

-

1 ,4 5 1
302
1 ,1 4 9

3 .9 3
h .9 8
3 .6 6

3 .8 3
5 .6 8
3 .8 3

3 .5 0 4 .2 7 3 .4 5 -

4 .2 2
5 .6 9
3 .8 5

69
11
58

102
2
100

36
36

80

26
8
18

183
12
171

63
8
55

432
10
422

37
12
25

114
15
99

19
19

60
12
48

35
28
7

1
-

32
-

1

1

32

1

as f o llo w s :

8

72

4 at $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 ; 42 at $ 7 to $ 7 .2 0 ; 43 at $ 7 .6 0

to $ 7 .8 0 ; 4 at $8 to $ 8 .2 0 ;

to $ 9 .4 0 .

S e e fo o tn o te s

67 at $ 6 .8 0 to

$7;

18 at $7 to $ 7 .2 0 ; and 7 at $ 7 .2 0 to $ 7 .4 0 .

at end o f t a b le s .




8

-

1

3 *0 6
4 .8 7
2 .8 0

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s ;
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .

94
94

13
13

1 ,0 6 4
136
928

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d

-

105 *5 5 0
22
357
83
193
83
146

-

-

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

80
7
73
1

-

-

5 .2 6

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S --------------------

-

20
2
18

2

11
10
1

142 a t $ 8 .4 0 to

$ 8 .6 0 ; 2 at $ 8 .8 0

7
1
6

7
2
5

55
55

1

2

55

-

-

13
9
4

28
28

120
120

to $ 9 ; 193 at $ 9 to $ 9 .2 0 ;

-

-

_

•

-

-

-

-

and 120 at $ 9 .2 0




Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers.
by sex, in San Diego, C alif., November 1976
Number

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

Number

(m e a n ^ )

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

workers

earnings4

, toolroom,
O C C U P A T IO N S -

m a in t e n a n c e
pow erplant

of

A verage
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnings 4

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D

and

MEN
$

*■ X1, |w ■.W rlvW
W

v X I . 1 1.1, 11— J
ft

32

6 .7 9
TRUCK DR IVE R S.

HEAVY

N ONM AN UFAC TUPING
TRUC K DR IVE R S.

M AIN TE N AN C E M ECH AN ICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------m a in t e n a n c e

m e c h a n ic s

237
210

T RU CK

$

-----------------------------

HEAVY

226

6 .4 8

141
112

5 .2 4
5 .2 5

T RUCK

7 .1 8
7 .1 4

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

H M K L I 1 U v jC ™ t r i

/

110

0 .0 1

MA KE R S

-----------------------------

83

NON MAN UF AC TURING

-----------------------------

25

" "

r-

■ mm * 1 ®■
1

,

7 .4 1

6 *6 3

T OOL

AND

D IE

n o n m an u fa c tu r in g

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

g uard s

------------------------------------------

1 ,2 9 3

-------------------------

601
244

6 .8 1
7 .1 4
6 .4 3
7 .7 8

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T T RUC K ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

227
209

-----------

434
150

5 .7 1
6 .4 7

PU B LIC

U T IL IT IE S

TRUCKDRIVERS*

MEDI UM

S ee fo o tn o te s

T RU C K

PORTERS*

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
O C C U P A T IO N S
JAN ITO R S,

at end o f t a b le s .

9

845

2 .8 1

-----

1 *3 8 0

3 .9 3

71
54

4 .0 3

:

JANITO RS*

6 .2 5
6 .4 0

T R U C K O R IV E R S

-----------------------------

PORTERS,

AND

CL EAN ERS

AND c u s t
- WOMEN
AND

o d ia l

CLEAN ERS

-----

Table A -7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected

occupational groups, adjusted fo r em p lo ym en t shifts,

in San Diego, C alif., for selected periods
In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
(m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d )

N o v e m b e r 1972
to
N o v e m b e r 1973

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ------------------- ----------- ----------------------E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _______ __________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ....................... ....................................S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s * * .....................................
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s * * ____________________________

N o v e m b e r 1973
to
N o v e m b e r 1974

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 197 5

N o v e m b e r 1975
to
N o v e m b e r 1976

6.7
9.8
***
9.0

7.6
9.6
***

5.1
*
5.9

7.7

6 .0

8 .1

6 .2

9.0

8.5
7.7
11.4
10.4
7.4

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ____________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
__________________ _____ ______ ______
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s * * __ ___
_
---- -----U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s * * ----- -------

4 .8
*
5.9
6.3
***

7.1

1 0 .0

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g ----- ---------- ----------------In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ------------------------------------- ----------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s * *
------- -----------------U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s * * ____________________________

5.4
*
***
***
***

7.9
***
***
***

*
**
***

D ata not a v a ila b le .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s f o r p e r io d s e n d in g p r i o r to
D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

6 .8

6.4

8 .8

6 .0

1 1 .6

9.6
***

1 0 .0

***

9.1
***

8 .2

1976 r e la t e

8 .6

6 .1

7.7
6.5

1 0 .1

***
s s s
jc je je

6 .0

***
***
***

to m e n o n ly .

Footnotes
1 S tan d ard h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
and h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te sh ow n .
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .
3 E a r n in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .




10

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i ts data a r e ob ta ined by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In each o f the i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l ­
l e c t e d by a c o m b i n a ti o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h on e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s om e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s with in the scop e of the s u r v e y , a r e
not p r e s e n t e d in t h e . A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e ca u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
oc c u p atio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , .or
(2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n t data.
Sepa­
r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d when the n u m b er o f
w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d by s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an oc c u p atio n .
E a r n i n g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d u s try
d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in data f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s
c om b in ed .
L ik ew ise,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r ­
m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

In e a c h o f the 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e obta in ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with in s ix b ro a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a ti o n , and o t h e r publi c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
i n d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e ca u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n s studied.
S e p a r a te ta b ula tion s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e ach
o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s wh ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sched ule .
E a r n i n g s data
e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h if ts . N o n p r o d u c tio n b on uses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b on uses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan da rd w o r k w e e k
(r ou n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf ho ur) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r and/or
p rem iu m rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e oc c u p atio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du ct ed on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y by i n d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le i s s e l e c t e d , with e ach
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ha vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s is
selected.
When data a r e c o m b i n e d , each e s t a b l i s h m e n t is
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b i l i t y of s e l e c t i o n , so that unbiased e s t i m a t e s
are generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f fo u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
i t is g i v e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
An a l te r n a t e
o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o se n in the s am e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u it ab le sub stitute is a v a i l a b l e , ad d ition a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d by c h a n ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n ge , o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad v an c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a in c r e a 's e w a g e s
d u r in g the y e a r .
C h an ge s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s chan ge s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s with in the g r o u p s .

O c c u p atio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b as e d on a u n i fo r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
accou nt o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties w ith in the s am e j o b .
Occu­
p ations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e nd ix B.
U n le ss
o t h e r w i s e in d i c a t e d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l
in d u stries com bined.
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s li s t e d and

A v e r a g e earnings r e fle c t c o m p o site, areaw id e e stim a tes.
I n d u s tr i e s
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and jo b staffin g , and thus c on trib u te
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r eac h job .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m on g j o b s in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c u p atio n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in i n d iv id u a l
establishm en ts.
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n l y the r a t e s paid in c u m b e n ts a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d escrip tion s.
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e used in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties
p erform ed .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c y cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale— ollyw ood and West
P
H
Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—
Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—Titu sville—Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—V irginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y. ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N . Y . ; U tica—Rom e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N . Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request o f the
Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




11

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied
s e r v e on ly to in d i c a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s stu died.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n i n g s data.

W a ge tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b le A - 7 a r e b as e d on c h a n ge s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the tr e n d j o b s in both
the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e
a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t shifts
a m on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s inclu d ed in s u r v e y
sam ples.
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by f a c t o r s
o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n wh en w o r k e r s a r e p aid un der plans
p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d i v i d u a l j o b s .
In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at the b ott om o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e with out a chan ge in w a g e r a t e s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :

S k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e (m en
and w o m e n ) :

Com puter system s
an alysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p ro g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com pu ter o p e ra to rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

C arpenters
E le ctric ia n s
P ain ters
M achin ists
M ech an ics (m ach in ery)
M ech an ics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d i e m a k e r s

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and
w o m en ):
R e g is te r e d in du strial
nurses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r indiv:
as f o l l o w s :

U n s k i l l e d plant (m e n and
w o m en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e c om p u te d

O c c up ation s used to c o m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w o m en )!

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m en and
• w o m e n )--- C ontinued

S ecretaries
Stenographers, g en eral
Sten ograph ers, sen ior
T yp ists, c lasses
A and B
F ile cle rk s , classes A ,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

O rd er clerk s
Accoun ting c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m achin e
op e ra tors , class B
P a y r o ll c lerk s
K e yp u n c h o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
Tabu latin g-m achin e
op e ra tors , class B




E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i ts p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p in the
base y e a r.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t ch an ge s r e l a t e to w a g e chan ge s b e tw e e n the in d i c a te d
d a te s .
When the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n th s , annual
r a t e s a r e shown.
(It i s a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c on stant r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

1.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e used to c o m p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s is m u l t i p l i e d
by i t s w e i g h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d to obtain a
group a v e ra g e .

3.

T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d by d i v i d i n g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
by th e a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s the p e r c e n t change.

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d used to c o m p u te th e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J an u ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -57.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 T h e s e tab u­
la tio n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k l y ho u rs and d a y s ; paid h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a ti o n s ;
and health, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e ti n s f o r th is a r e a .
Personal visits were on a 2 -yea r c y cle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers w ithin scope of survey and number studied
in San Diego, C alif.,' November 1976
In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

all

d i v i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in sc o p e
o f stu dy

NON^ANUF
TRANSPORTATION, c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ---------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE 6 ------------------------------------------ ---------------FINANCE, i n s u r a n c e , AND REAL ESTATE
------------SERVICES6 7------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stu dy 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu dy 3

Stu d ied

S tu d ied
N u m ber

P ercen t

715

-----------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------AC T u R I n G --------------------------------------------------------

manufacturing

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

so

-

50
SO

50
50
so

128

168,670

100

89,337

174
541

37
91

56*496
112,174

33
67

35,510
53,827

28
61
235
80
137

11
7
29
13
31

15,291
7,020
45,803
22,772
21,288

9
27
14
13

13,754
1,029
22,663
8,690
7,691

4

1
T h e San D ie g o S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f San D ie g o C ounty.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in
th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e
s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s ific a t io n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su ch a s t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to "p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r tr a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
San D ie g o 's t r a n s it s y s te m is
m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d and is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
6 T h is
d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d a ta is n ot m a d e fo r
o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d i n it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile
r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




13

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t
it s f i e l d s ta f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o p r i a t e oc c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d un der a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h i s p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b con te nt.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l con te nt, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th os e in use in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th os e
p re p a re d fo r other p urposes.
In ap p lyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a nd icap ped ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one i n d iv id u a l.
M ain ­
tain s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
na tu re and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routin e
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .
E xclusion s

a. R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s rou tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u te s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.

E stab lish es,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

a. P o s i t i o n s
de ri
M a in t a in s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r and m a k e s ap p oin tm e n tss cas b e d a b o v e ;

c.
i n s tr u c te d ;
d.

m aintains,

N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ov e “c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fi n i ti o n a r e
as f o l l o w s :

R ela ys m e s s a g e s fr o m

b.

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ;

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s




s io n a l,

w h ich

do

not

m eet

the

"p erso n a l"

s e c r e t a r y con ce p t

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d uties;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
tech n ica l, o r m a n a g e r ia l person s;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e r ou tin e o r s u b s ta n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fi n i t i o n ;

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

B eg in n in g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u re a u has g r o u p e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied in its
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s into jo b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d oc c u p a tio n s in s e q u e n c e .
Job f a m i l i e s have not been t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s in c e d oin g so m i g h t have added e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s to the
job m atching p ro c e s s .
T h e B u re a u has a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a ti o n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f the s u r v e y j o b s .

14

T h e t i t l e s m o r e n e a r l y r e f l e c t usual

SEC RE TAR Y---Continued

SEC RETAR Y---C ontinued

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

C lass C

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h os e r e s p o n ­
in v o lve m o r e d ifficu lt o r m o r e
or sp ecialized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n
f o r c l a s s B, but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts which a r e
ofte n , in turn, f u r t h e r su b d ivid e d .
In s om e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; or
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who have a s ig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title "v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d oes not in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5,000
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
act p e r s o n a l l y on i n d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
i n d i v i d u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l tr u s t ac c ou n ts ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s taff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p lyin g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e fi n i ti o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o£
e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s wh ic h
r e s p o n s i b l e te c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y ,
d uties w h ic h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s ta n t , s k i l l e d te c hn icia n, o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n using sho rthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n cop y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o ­
g r a p h i c p oo l.
M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n s c rib e fro m vo ice reco rd in gs (if p rim a ry
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p with only one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta sks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) c^r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 25, 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an i n d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G e n era l

keep

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m othe/r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
Stenographer,

S e n io r

D i c ta ti o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p e nd ence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y the
follo w in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic speed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r ou tin g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
routin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

TRANSCRIBING-M ACH INE T Y P IS T

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l rou tin e
vocab u lary fro m tran scrib in g-m ach in e rec o rd s .
M a y a lso type f r o m w r itte n
c o p y and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o rk e r s tr a n s c r ib in g dictation in vo lvin g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
oh s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r who ta k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s horthand o r b y St enoty pe o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

C lass A .
O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h on e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d ha ndli ng i n c o m i n g , ou tgo ing , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu ll
te l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r hand le s c o m p l e x c a l l s , such as c o n f e r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in ad d ition to doing routin e w o r k
as d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r as a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t.
( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s when the e s ta b l i s h m e n t has
v a r i e d functions th at a r e not r e a d i l y u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h on e i n f o r m a t i o n
p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d fu nctions, and c o n s e ­
qu e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s as to w h ic h e x te n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e
fo r c alls.)

T Y PIS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s have been m a d e b y a n o th er p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in d u p lic a tin g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in co m in g m a il.
C lass A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m wh en i t in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n lan gua ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning lay ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n i f o r m i t y and b a la n ce in
s p ac ing . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough o r c l e a r
o r s e ttin g up
a l r e a d y set up

B.
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n ce p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s i m p l e s tan da rd ta b u la tio n s; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C LER K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n ta i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A.
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
c on tain in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s ub je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a te ria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c on ju n c tio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay
perform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n ta i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C lass C.
P e r f o r m s r ou tin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e en
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s te m (e .g ., alph a betical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s ro u tin e du tie s such as runn ing e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op enin g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.




C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h on e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d ha ndlin g i n c o m i n g , o u tgo in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y handle
ro u tin e lon g d i s t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d te le p h o n e
in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e .
( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f the
fu n c tio n s o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n de rs tand a ble f o r t e l e ­
phone i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s t s a r e rou tin e , e . g . , g i v i n g
e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s when s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n i s h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s
a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r . )
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s do not in c lu d e s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
phone c o m p a n i e s who a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d ition to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r
m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h b o a r d , ac ts as r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a l s o ty pe o r p e r f o r m
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a r t o f r e g u l a r d u ti e s .
T h i s ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k
m a y tak e the m a j o r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h i l e at s w itc h b o a r d .
ORDER C LER K
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l ,
phone, o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D utie s i n v o l v e any c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
Q uo ting p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g out an o r d e r she e t l i s t i n g the i t e m s to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n ti ti e s o f i t e m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s ee that th ey
ha ve b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k shipping i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank ac c o u n ts ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f ac c ou n tin g d oc u m e n ts ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a ccoun ting s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n tin g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and ac c ou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to ha ve a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c ou n tin g .
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

c la s s ifie d

into

levels

on the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

ACCOUNTING CLE R K — Continued

MACHINE BILLER-

C lass A .
U n de r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a ccoun ting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e a ccoun ting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e l e c t i n g a m on g a sub sta ntial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac coun ting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro ugh p r e v i o u s accou nting
a c tio n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f , d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B a ccoun ting c l e r k s .

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
with out a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s ' p a r t o f the
ac coun ts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u ltaneo us e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m ac h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c olu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p rin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D oe s not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and standard ty p es o f s a l e s and
c r e d i t s li p s .

C l a s s B.
U n de r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routin e a ccoun ting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p os tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c ou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d i n g
doc u m e n ts usin g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
ac c ou n ting c o d e s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w it h o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a ccoun ting s y s t e m used .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in e a c h phas e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , bala nce s h e e ts , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phas e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s et o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e accoun ts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not
in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u t io n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc .
M ay check o r a ssist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l she e ts f o r the a ccoun ting
d epartm ent.

ontinued

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o l l s h e e ts .
D uties i n v o l v e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s
b a s e d on t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p os tin g c a l c u l a te d data on p a y r o l l
s h e e t, showing i n f o r m a t i o n such as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d ay s, t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u ction s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s due.
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r i b u t i n g pay e n v e l o p e s .
M a y use a
calculatin g m achine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypun ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic an d/or
n u m e r i c data on ta bulating c a r d s o r on tape.
Positions
d e fi n i t i o n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

levels

on

the

b as is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the ap p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud g m ent
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to be keyp unch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e routin e keypunch w o r k .
M ay
t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keyp unch o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
W o r k is r ou tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m various- s ta n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ich have been c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich ha ve b een p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p ro b lem s a ris in g fr o m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m issin g inform ation.

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PE R A TO R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than an
ord in ary or electrom atic typ ew riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
op eration s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

B illin g-m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e ( c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and ad ding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om p u te d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o ta l s which a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te d by
m ach in e.
T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h i n e .




O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s such as the t a b u la to r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g punch, e t c .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fi n i t i o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
ac c ou n ting m a c h i n e e q u ip m e n t.
Positions
d e fi n i t i o n s .

are

cla ssified

into

le v els

on the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and tabulating a s s i g n m e n t s
i n c lu d in g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g un der g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s wh ich
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the nature
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the use o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR— Continued

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O PERATOR— Continued

t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g ne w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oe s not in clud e p o s itio n s in w h ic h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n of p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad d ition to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s used by
class C op erators.
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n ne w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .
C lass C .
U n de r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b ulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n ting m a c h i n e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , i n d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
M ay p e rfo rm
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

C lass B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b ula tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n ting m a c h i n e s such as

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

C O M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th em b y use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D evelops a c o m p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e nab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
req u ire d d igital com puter p ro g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be au tom ate d and i d e n t i f i e s c on ditio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to be used ; o u tlin e s ac tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f ne w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n ge s to ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a l y s ts i f th is is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p ay .)

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n ta i n i n g d e p o s i t o r accoun ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accoun ts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
accoun ts in a m a n u f a c tu r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be ap p lie d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly on rou tin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g uid ance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C lass C .
W o r k s un der i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and expan d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills r eq u ire d fo r s y stem s a n alysis w o rk .
F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a -h igh er
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p ro gra m m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l an aly s t.

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C lass A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l p h as e s o f s y s t e m a n a l y s i s .
P ro b lem s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
uling, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th ro ugh the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo l l o w u p ac tio n s a r e i n it ia te d by the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
Makes recom m en dation s, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r ch an ge s and f o r obta in ing
equ ip m en t.
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irectio n

to

low er

le v e l system s

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S

an a ly s ts

C l a s s B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam p le,




B U SIN E S S— Continued

18

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, into a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ich a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m en t.
W orkin g fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e in s t r u c t i o n s wh ich ,
when e n t e r e d into tke c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d lan g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je ct m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r ts and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s sequ e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s te p s; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m ac h in e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a ti n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts
i f th is i s the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

COM PUTER PROGRAM MER, BUSINESS— Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D o e s not i n c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c an d/ o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g in s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies i n s tr u c ti o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e qu ip m en t setup and o p e r a t i o n s ; loads equip m en t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e quip m en t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d justm ents to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c j a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m ade
d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s caus e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s i s t in
c o rre c tin g p rogram .

For

wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C lass A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ich r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h as e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich i d e n t i f y
the na tu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g ste ps to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ste ps o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g rou tin e ;
plans the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g ac tio n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e qu ip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such a c t i o n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h can be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l in k a g e p o in ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju stm ents to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and sub sta ntia l m an ip u la t io n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C l a s s B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d sequences o r fo rm a ts .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , adaptin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r ad d it io n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e en r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f data can be t e s t e d b y using a f e w r ou tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s with rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) under c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r or s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f fi c u l t ta s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta s k s un der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y guid e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f sta ndard p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.




For

wage

study

purposes,

com puter

op erators

are

c la ssified

as

follo w s:
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t ro d u c e d ; scheduling r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n tim e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n so that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and guidance to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tio n runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f ne w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m needs
m a j o r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y sho rt t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ ation s , d i a g n o s e s cau s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e action.
T h is
u s u a lly i n v o l v e s ap p lyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s, o r using
stan da rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s under d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by i n d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t tas k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
received
op erator

C lass C .
W o r k s on routin e p r o g r a m s un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u t e r e quip m en t used and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running routin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a ft i n g
preced en ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e suppor t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r ec o m m e n d m in o r design changes.
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t of eac h chan ge on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f com p one n ts and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m in a t i o n s .
M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by l o w e r
le v e l d ra fters .

DRA FT E R — Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s no nroutin e and c o m p l e x d r a ft i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tip n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y us ed.
D uties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s working
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r shapes, m u l t i p l e fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a buil din g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la ns , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c om p u tatio n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u sed , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l ad equacy.

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such stan da rd e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h ousehold r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s who have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
engineers.

C l a s s C.
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s in g l e units o r p a r t s f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , m a n u f a c tu r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i ti o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y ne e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C onsolida tes details fro m a number of
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
Su gg e sted m e t h o d s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e wh en a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

P ositions
d e fi n i t i o n s .

are

cla s s ifie d

into

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s ad v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e unus ually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y cann ot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and fr e q u e n t
en g in e e rin g changes.
W ork in v o lve s :
A d e t a i l e d un dersta nd in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g such
ta s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
ship s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x t e s t i n s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a t i o n m e t e r s , p ulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p r o v i d e
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

D R A F TE R -TR A C E R

C o p i e s p la ns and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c i n g t r a c i n g
c loth o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g with pen o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
in clu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s tr a ig h t l in e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e draw ings of e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o r k i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

C l a s s B.
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W ork in v o lve s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e qu e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x than th ose used by the
c l a s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a l l i n g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t ru c tin g , and t e s t i n g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u ip m en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g con d ition .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s on ar, n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equ ip m en t.




C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r ou tin e ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o l l o w i n g d e ta i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
ta s k s a s :
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and tak in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and using t o o l s and c o m m o n te s t i n s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
This
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m
trainin g)
so that w o r k e r can
a d v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k e d , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
wh en n e w o r ad v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o l v e d .

R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E --- Continued

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Dutie s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; att en ding to sub seq uent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
health e d u c ation , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the he alth, w e l f a r e , and s a f e ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R PE N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t ru c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e quip m en t such as bins, c r i b s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o od
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P lan n in g and
la y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r in ts , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c ti o n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s handto ols, p o r ta b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and standard
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n dard shop c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s ion s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and new p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e qu ip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s tr u c ti o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m achinist' .s
hand to ols and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; se tting up and o p e r a t i n g
standard m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n dard shop c om p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g standard m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and equ ip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and f ittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts into m e c h a n i c a l equip m en t. In g e n e r a l ,
the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M ach in ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e qu ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b l e ; d i s m a n tl i n g o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the us e o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and fi t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts w ith i t e m s
ob ta ined f r o m sto ck ; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t past by a
m a c h i n e shop o r sending the m a c h in e to a m ac h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a l l
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n te n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally
a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties
i n v o l v e s e ttin g up o r ad jus tin g m a c h i n e s .

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu nctions such as the i n s t a l ­
l a tio n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equ ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d is tr ib u t io n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
W ork in v o lve s m o st
o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y of e l e c t r i c a l e qu ip m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , he atin g units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , la y o u ts, o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t; w o r k i n g sta ndard com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to load r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d thro ugh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor V eh icles)

M A IN T E N A N C E PA IN T E R

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s, m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o tiv e e q u i p ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equ ip m en t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the us e o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b ro k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m sto ck; g r i n d i n g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t­
m e n ts ; and a li g n i n g w h e e l s , ad justin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n an c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lishm ent.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ti o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
paintin g b y r e m o v i n g old f in is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p lyin g paint w it h s p r a y gun o r bru sh .
M ay m ix colo rs,
o i l s , w h it e le a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




21

M AIN TEN AN C E MECHANIC (M otor Vehicles)— Continued

M A C H IN E -TO O L O PERATOR (Toolroom )

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clu de m e c h a n i c s who r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r shops.

S p e c i a l i z e s in the o p e r a t i o n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s ,
such as j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r fa c e g r i n d e r s ; e n g in e la th e s ; o r m i l l i n g
m a c h i n e s , in the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s ,
o r d ies.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P lan n in g and p e r f o r m i n g
d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d setups
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; using a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n sequence; and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u r in g o p e r a t i o n t o a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r
dim en sio n s.
M a y be r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e wh en t o o l s need d r e s s i n g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu ttin g and l u b r i c a ti n g o i l s .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m )
in t o o l and d ie job b in g shops a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r ot h e r t y p e s o f pip e and
p i p e f i t t in g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L ayin g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c uttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; th r e a d i n g
pipe w ith s toc k s and d i e s ; bendin g p ip e by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w it h co u p lin g s and fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s tan da rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g stan da rd t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m ee t sp ecificatio n s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u il d in g s an it ation o r h eating s y s t e m s
are exclu d ed .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g ood r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s (s uc h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n t i l a t o r s , ch u tes , d ucts , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) of an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t-m e t a l m ainten ance w o rk fr o m blueprin ts, m o d e ls , o r other s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; us in g a v a r i e t y o f ha nd too ls in c uttin g, bendin g, f o r m i n g , shap ing,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t wh en c h a n ge s in the plant layout a r e
requ ired .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i g n i n g and b a la n c in g e q u i p ­
m e n t; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to be us ed; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m en t such as d r i v e s
and s p ee d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rou n de d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E TRAD ES H E LP E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l du tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n by hold in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s the h e l p e r i s c o n fi n e d to s up p lyin g, l i f t i n g , and hold ing m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s of a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .




T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s
o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s , punching, and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
Work
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y i n g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to
m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using
a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d too ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g o f m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e qu ip m en t; m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s ,
and t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n as
w e l l as o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; f i t t i n g and a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s
and a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a rounded tr a i n i n g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in
t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g shops a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n of
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lve s :
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e quip m en t such as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n ti l a t i n g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th es e o p e r a t i o n s .
H e ad o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
a r e excluded.

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich
e m p l o y e d w ith heat, p o w e r , o r
steam .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R

W A R E H O U S E M A N — Con tinued

D r i v e s a tr u c k within a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s such a s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g plants, f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' ho uses o r p la c e s of bu s in e s s . M a y a l s o load o r unload tr u c k with
o r with ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e ep tr u c k in good
w o r k i n g order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
are exclu d ed .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

F i l l s ship ping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fi n i s h e d goods f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s li p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r ot h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y , in addition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
c a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d itio n a l sto ck o r r e p o r t sho rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m ot h e r
r e l a t e d d uties.

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
typ e o f e q u ip m e n t, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a t e d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r cap acity.)
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

li g h t tr u c k (u n der I V 2 to ns)
m e d i u m tru c k (1 y2 to and inc lud in g 4 tons)
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to ns)
h e a v y tr u c k (o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to ns)

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin i s h e d p ro d u c ts f o r shipm en t o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b eing d epen den t upon
the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p ack ed , the typ e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f sh ip m en t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in
shipping c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty pe and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and ap p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t i f y i n g data on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who a ls o m a k e wo od en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e excluded.

S H IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r ship m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
s h ip p e d, m a k i n g up b i l l s o f lad in g , p os tin g w e i g h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r ship m en t.
R e c e iv in g w ork i n v o lv e s : V e rify in g or d ire c tin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s hip m en ts ag ain s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r ou tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F o r wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

ORDER F IL L E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e du tie s i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and un lo ading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; un packing, s h e l v i n g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruc k, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and un load ship s, a r e e x c l u d e d .

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

Shipping c l e r k
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

WAREHOUSEMAN
PO W E R -TR U C K O PE RA TO R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties which r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
W ork in v o lve s m ost
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v io u s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s tac k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h ip m en t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g duties.




O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c tu r i n g p lant, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

tr u c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by t y p e o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :
F o rk lift op erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

23

GUARD AN D W A TC H M AN

J A N IT O R ,

Guard.
P e r f o r m s r ou tin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
g u a r d s who a r e s tatio n e d at g ate and c h e c k on i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s and
other p ersons e n te rin g .

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t house, o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r other establishm en t.
D u tie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p i n g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; dusting e q u ip m e n t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p lies and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w i n d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

W atchm an.
M a k e s rou nds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .




p e rio d ic a lly

in

p ro tectin g

24

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

Area Wage Surveys
A l is t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s con d u c te d at th e r e q u e s t o f the
E m p lo y m e n t S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s shown
on th e b a c k c o v e r o r f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1976 * _________________________________________________
A lb a n y - S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , S ep t. 1976_________________________
A n a h e im - S a n ta A n a - G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t. 1976______________
A tla n ta , G a .,
M a y 1976___ ______________________________________________
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1976______________________________________________
B i llin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1976_______________________________________________
B in g h a m to n , N . Y r - P a . , J u ly 1976 1____________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1976*_________________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976________________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1976_________________________________________________
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 19 7 6 _________________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n ^ G a ., S ep t. 1976____________________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976___________________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io — y .—In d ., M a r . 1976_________________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1976_____________________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1976______________________________________________
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x . , J u ly 1976________________________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o r th , T e x . , O c t. 1976___________________________________
D a v e n p o r t - R o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , I o w a - I l l . , F e b . 19 7 6 ______________
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1976__________________________________________________
D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976________________________________________
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1976____________________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1
______________________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —
H
B o c a R a to n , F l a . , A p r . 1976 _____________________________ _____________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , Ju ne 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F l a . , S ep t. 1976____________________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1976_____________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n - S a le m —H ig h P o in t , N .C ., A u g . 1976________
W
G r e e n v ille - S p a r t a n b u r g , S .C ., June 1 9 7 6 *___________________________
H a r t fo r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1976_____________________________________________
H o u sto n , T e x . , A p r . 1976 ________________________________________________
H u n t s v ille , A la . , F e b . 1976 _____________________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t. 1976____________________________________________
J a c k s o n , M is s . , F e b . 1976_______________________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1975___________________________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o < -K a n s ., S ep t. 1976 1____________________________ 1___
_
L e x in g to n — a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________
F
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1976_________________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1976________________________________________
M e lb o u r n e - T it u s v ille - C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ______________________
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k . - M i s s . , N o v . 1976 1____________________________

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffic e and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




B u lle t in n u m b er
and p r i c e *
1 9 00-76,
19 0 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 0 ,
18 5 0 -8 3 ,
19 0 0 -5 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 9 ,
19 0 0 -1 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 8 ,
19 0 0 -5 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 8 ,
19 0 0 -4 5 ,
19 0 0 -7 3 ,
19 0 0 -1 5 ,

85 ce n ts
55 cen ts
75 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
55 cen ts
85 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
55 ce n ts
$1.05
75 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
55 cen ts
85 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
45 cen ts
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5

19 0 0 -2 0 ,
1 9 00-29,
19 0 0 -5 4 ,
1 9 00-37,
19 0 0 -4 7 ,
1 9 0 0-36,
19 0 0 -1 4 ,
19 0 0 -2 6 ,
19 0 0 -1 7 ,
19 0 0 -5 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -8 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
19 0 0 -6 0 ,
18 5 0 -8 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 7 ,
19 0 0 -6 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
19 0 0 -7 5 ,

55 cen ts
55 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
65 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
45 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 5
75 c e n ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 ce n ts
85 ce n ts

A rea
M ia m i, F l a . , O c t. 1976__________________________ _______________ ________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 19 7 6 ______________________________________ _____
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., J an . 1976_______________________
N a s s a u - S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1976_______________________________________
N e w a r k , N .J ., J an . 1976__________________________________________ ______
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , J an . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1976_______________________________________
N o r fo lk —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h , V a ^ N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 *_____
N o r fo lk —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r ts m o u th and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p to n , V a ^ N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 _____________________________________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1976__________ _________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1976____________________ __________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—Io w a , O c t. 1976_________________________________________
P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1976_________________________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ^ N . J . , N o v . 1976 1___________________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1976 1 ____________________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , D e c . 1976 1___________________________________________
P o r t la n d , O r e g ,—W a s h ., M a y 1976______________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , Ju ne 1976_________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n —N e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 1976______________
K
P r o v id e n c e - W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R . I , —M a s s . , June 1976_________
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1976_____________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1976_______________________________________________
S t. L o u is , M o .-111., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif . , D e c . 1976__________________________________________
S a g in a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1976 1 ______________________________________,______
S a lt L a k e C ity —O g d e n , U ta h , N o v . 1976_________ ____________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1976___________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1976____________________________________________
San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976____________________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________________
S e a t t le - E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 1976_____________________________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________
S ta m fo r d , C o n n ., M a y 1 9 7 6 *____________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1976_______________________________________________
T o le d o , O h io - M ic h ., M a y 1976_________________________________________
T r e n to n , N .J ., S ep t. 1976_______________________________ _____________ _
_
U t ic a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________
W a s h in g to n , D . C ^ M d ^ V a . , M a r . 1976_______________________________
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty , N . Y . , M a y 1976_________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 1976_______________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 19 7 6 __________________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e *
19 0 0 -6 6 ,
19 0 0 -2 2 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 5 ,
19 0 0 -1 0 ,
1 9 00-2,
19 0 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 7 ,

75 cen ts
85 cen ts
95 cen ts
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 5
85 cen ts

1 9 0 0 -3 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 3 ,
19 0 0 -4 2 ,
19 0 0 -6 1 ,
1 9 00-38,
19 0 0 -6 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 2 ,
19 0 0 -5 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 1 ,
19 0 0 -1 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 4 ,
19 0 0 -1 9 ,
19 0 0 -7 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 5 ,
19 0 0 -2 3 ,
19 0 0 -7 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -9 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 ,
1 9 0 0-40,
1 9 0 0 -4 4 ,
19 0 0 -2 4 ,
19 0 0 -5 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
19 0 0 -1 2 ,
19 0 0 -4 6 ,
19 0 0 -2 1 ,
1 9 0 0-16,
1 9 0 0 -4 ,

85 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
85 cen ts
7 5 cen ts
45 cen ts
55 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5
55 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
95 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 ce n ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
80 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
Region II
Region III
Region IV
3535 Market Street,
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
Suite 540
Government Center
1515 Broadway
P.O. Box 13309
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
New York, N Y. 10036
Boston, Mass. 02203
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Atlanta Ga. 30309
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 662-5406 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)
Phone: 881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto R-ico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
Region VI
Regions VII and VIII
Regions IX and X
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Federal Office Building
450 Golden Gate Ave.
555 Griffin Square Building
Chicago, III. 60604
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone. 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
Illinois
Indiana
VII
VIII
IX
X
Arkansas
Michigan
Arizona
Alaska
Louisiana
Iowa
Colorado
California
Idaho
Minnesota
Kansas
Montana
New Mexico
Hawaii
Oregon
Missouri
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Nevada
Washington
Nebraska
South Dakota
Wisconsin
Texas
Utah
Wyoming