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I

- Jj

AREA WAGE SURVEY
San Diego, California, Metropolitan Area
November 1974
Bulletin 1850-13




<-£85

1976

Dayton & Montgomery Co
Public Library

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
R|iroa» of Labor Statistics




ANNOUNCEMENT
Area Wage Survey bulletins will be issued once every 3 years.
These bulletins will contain information on establishment practices and
supplementary benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years,
supplements containing data on earnings only will be issued at no
additional cost to holders of the Area Wage bulletin. If you wish to
receive these supplements, please complete the coupons listed on
page 31 of this bulletin and mail to any of the BLS regional addresses
listed on the back cover. No further action on your part is necessary.
Each year, you will receive the supplement when it is published.

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a November 1974 survey of occupational earnings
and supplementary wage benefits in the San Diego, California, Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Area (San Diego County). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics'
annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual
metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor m arkets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 79 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Results of the next two annual surveys, providing earnings data only, will be issued as free
supplements to this bulletin. The supplements may be obtained from the Bureau's regional
offices. (See back cover for addresses.)
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed.
The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estim ates, projected from
individual metropolitan area data.
The San Diego survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco,
C alif., under the general direction of Milton Keenan, Associate Assistant Regional Director
for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of
the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information
in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
A current report on occupational earnings in the San Diego area is available for
selected laundry and dry cleaning occupations (November 1974). A lso available are listings
of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees,
local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store em ployees. Free copies of these are
available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA W A G E SU R VEY

B u lle tin 18 5 0 -1 3

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary

April 1975

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

San Diego, C alifornia, M etropolitan Area, November 1974
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction

2

T able s :
A.

Earnings:
A - 1. Weekly earnings of office workers----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
A - 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers__________________________________________________________________
5
A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by se x ---------------------------------------------------------7
A -4 . Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w orkers________________________________________________________________
8
A - 5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
A -6 .
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, andmaterial movement workers, by s e x ________ 10
A - 7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts— 11

B.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and cle rk s------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 12
B -2 .
Late-shift pay provisions for full-tim e manufacturing plant w orkers__________________________________________________
13
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-tim e first-shift workers_______________________________________________________ 14
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays for full-time w orkers_______________________________________________________________________________ 15
B - 4 a. Identification of major paid holidays for full-tim e w orkers_____________________________________________________________ 16
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers______________________________________________________
17
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions for full-tim e w orkers_________________________________________________ 20

Appendix A.
Appendix B.




Scope and method of survey________________________________________________________________________________________________ 22
Occupational descriptions___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 25

F or

sale b y the Superintendent o f D o cu m e n ts, U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P rinting O f f i c e , W a sh in gton , D . C . 2 0 4 0 2 , GPO B ookstores, or
BLS R e g io n a l O ffice s listed o n b a c k c o v e r . P rice 8 0 cen ts. M a k e ch e c k s p a y a b le to S u perin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts.

Introduction
This area is 1 of 79 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
A -series tables
Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A - 6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.
Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled




maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.
B -se rie s tables
The B -series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plaint workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-sh ift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey and information on the area's
industrial composition in manufacturing. It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in San Diego, Calif., November 1974
W
eekly arn gs 1
in
ard)
O c c u p a t i o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
w
orkers

Numbe r of w ork er s receivin g , tra ig h t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
s
S

Average
weekly
^stan ard
d )

$
80

M
ean ^

M
edian 2

M
iddle ranged

S
85

$

$
90

95

S
100

S
110

S
120

S
130

S
140

S

$
150

$
170

160

$

$
190

180

$
200

S
210

S

S

$
220

230

240

1

250

and
under

----260

and

85

90

95

100

no

•
•

-

-

-

-

55

68

66

4

10

21

-

-

-

-

-

2

45

47

32
34

21

32
32

3
3

37
37

88

145

26
62

135

109
34
75

110
12

21

98

112

67

16

25

24

4

2

2

1

-

3
3

34
27

3
3

19
11

13
13

10
8

3
3

8

24
24

32
14
18

9
5
4

38
16
22

20

3
3

6

54
15
39

62
29
33

88

21

25
63

43
15
28

130

120

140

150

160

170

180

190

73
56
17

118
31
87

41
13

51
5
46

17

3

13

2

28

15

1
2

11
2

80
8

50

5

6

2

18
18

18
16

5
5

1
1

72

44

3

“

2

7
7

10
10

-

7

20

18

-

12
6

23
7

10
1

20
20

16

9

-

-

35
29

53
52

1
1

14
14

5
5

3
3

_
-

17 4
99
75
9

135
76
59
14

140
99
41

16

5
5
-

200

over

230

240

250

260

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

.

7

_

7

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

2

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

130
78
52
4

96
78
18
3

40
9
31
18

18
9
9
-

15
4

6

28
7

13
13
-

1
1

-

210

220

ALL W O RK ER S
CLERKS* A C CO UN TI NG , CL A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

511
186
32 5

40 .0
40.0
40.0

CL ER KS * AC CO U N T I N G , C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

72 2
138
584

39 .5
39 .5
39.5

CLERKS,

$
157.50
156.00
158.00

$
156.00
155.00
161.00

$
$
13 9.00 -1 68.0 0
14 3.50 -1 63.5 0
13 8.00 -1 76.0 0

124.50
140.50

1 2 1.00

128.00

1 2 1.00

1 2 0.00

10 9.50 -1 39.5 0
11 5.50 -1 72.5 0
109.50 -1 39.0 0

C L A S S C ------

25 4

39.5

89 .50

87.00

CL ER KS , OR DE R ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

123
85

40.0
40.0

140.50
126.00

125.00
1 2 2.00

10 4.00 -1 67.5 0
10 4.00 -1 45.0 0

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

210

40 .0
40.0
40.0

150.00
162.50
142.50

149.50
160.00
148.00

12 3.00 -1 72.5 0
14 4.00 -1 92.0 0
11 7.00 -1 59.0 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L AS S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

396
194
202

40.0
40.0
39.5

150.50
163.50
138.00

146.00
167.50
140.00

132.50 -1 70.5 0
142.00 -1 86.0 0
12 5.00 -1 47.0 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L AS S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

173
34
139

40 .0
39.5
40.0

132.50
133.00
132.00

130.00

11 0.00 -1 51.5 0
11 0.00 -1 54.5 0
11 0.50 -1 48.0 0

M E S S E N G E R S -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

106
69

39 .0
39 .5

113.00
107.00

11 0.00
1 0 1.00

99 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
99 .00-11 0.00

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

1,959
84 3
1,116
93

40.0
40 .0
40.0
40.0

173.50
183.50
166.50
186.50

172.50
183.00
161.00
192.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL AS S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

147
81

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

188.00
198.00
179.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

327
123
20 4
37

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

191.50
195.50
189.50
218.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLAS S C ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

78 8
36 4
424
36

40.0
40.0
39 .5
40 .0

174.50
183.50
166.50
169.00

FILE,

78
132

66

111.00

130.00

8 4 .5 0 -

90.00

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

5
3

-

8

6

10

6

30

33

12

39

6

10

6

21

1

12

1

2

-

4

-

-

29

21

11

37

6

6

6

21

23
23

25
20

25
14

15
3

10
1

1
1

1
1

_
-

39
39

73

175

201

235
74
161

218
43
175

261

58
143

-

8

8

8

2

.

31

16
16

10

8

3
7

1

9
7

12

7

2

4

21
6

26

22
11

21

25

8

13

20

15

18

11

8

1

2

9

3

5
3

76
48
28

40
19

37
17

55
45

21

20

10

12

2

1

-

44
41
3

3
3

-

.
-

2

_

-

14 9.50 -1 95.5 0
16 0.00 -2 02.5 0
14 7.00-182.00
15 9.00 -2 11.5 0

,
•
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

3
3
-

184,00
195.50
161.00

155.50 -2 18.5 0
18 0.50-223.50
15 1.0G -215.50

-

_

_

.

184.50
194.00
179.50

_
•
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

22 1.00

172.50 -2 21.0 0
178.50 -2 21.0 0
167.50 -2 17.0 0
20 7.00 -2 30.0 0

174.00
183.00
161.00
182.50

15 5.50 -1 92.0 0
170.00 -1 97.5 0
14 8.00-182.00
161.00 -1 92.0 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

40.0
40.0
40.0

161.50
174.50
152.50

157.50
176.00
151.00

13 9.50-182.00
1 4 8.00 -2 02.5 0
13 5.50 -1 67.5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E NE RA L ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----

30 9
182
127
41

40 .0
40.0
40 .0
40.0

149.00
159.50
133.50
163.00

148.00
154,00
123.00
161.50

12 6.50 -1 73.5 0
13 8.00-186.00
1 1 2.00 -1 55.0 0
15 5.00-174.00

1

-

3
3
-

-

-

10

16
3
13

4
4

697
290
407




-

3
3

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL AS S D ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

S ee footnotes at end of tables,

-

6

12

66

8

61
-

109
-

.

.

•

11
20

_
-

11

_
-

1

2
2

138
123

11

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

•
-

-

•
-

3
3
-

17
13
4

19
19

27

10

17
1

_

3
3

12
2

1

74
25
49
”

8

11

73
19
54
-

63
15
48
-

99
40
59
-

102

116

15
87
7

76
40
2

99
70
29
4

88

32
56

32
76

79
15
64

63
36
27

45
16
29

17

47

85
34
51

108

9

73
64
9

36
17
19

40
31
9

28

53
33

13
9
4
4

21

42
38
4
4

6
6

16
16

1

-

-

-

-

8

11

-

8

-

30
30

59

_
•
26
26

28
7
21

12

18
10
8

20

11

10

7
14
1*

8

21

-

11

6

-

-

4
4
“

3

3
3

12
2

18

14
5
9
“

-

3
3
-

9
9
-

_
-

“

.
“

.
-

.
•

-

30
8
22

_
-

2
1

10

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

$
w
eekly

Occupation and industry division
,v r lr
o k *s

(standard

%
80

M
ean

M
edian *

M
iddle range l

$
85

'$

$
90

95

100

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f —
$
%
S
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
170
130
180
190
140
150
120
160
210
no
200

S

$
220

$
230

$

S

240

250

and
under

260

and
100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

-

-

40
3
37

33
33

34
13

103

4
13

11

21

40
17
23

38

89

62
24
38

22

-

3
3

110
21

-

27

101
2

59
59

69

19
19

25
3

4

31

13
1

14

2
1

25

12

6

21
2

15
14

2

9
9

23

6

8
2

20

2

22

1

1

24
24

18
18

15
3

38
3
35

11
11

25

-

11

6

12

103
58
45

46
25

-

-

19

-

2

-

2

22

41
41

50
7
43

91

18
5
13

22

13
3

_

90

93
17
76

67
9
58

69
36
33

41

10

22

4

4
3

3
3

19

6

1

85

90

95

-

190

200

2

l 0_

240

220

230

18
18
-

“

5
5
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

250

_

260 over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$
158.00
177.00
144.00

$
152.00
191.50
139.50

$
$
1 3 7.00 -1 86.0 0
1 5 7.50 -1 91.5 0
1 2 9.50 -1 55.0 0

-

39 .5
39.0
40.0

114.50
156.00
1 0 2.00

94 .50
172.00
90.00

8 9 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
125.00 -1 80,0 0
89 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

47
47

312
115
197

4C . 0
40.0
40.0

127.00
135.00
122.50

126.00
126.00
126.50

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 42.5 0
12 4.00 -1 40.5 0
10 3.50 -1 42.5 0

_
-

21

-

21

381
64
317

39.5
39 .5
39.5

139.50
163.50
135.00

138.00
166.50
132.00

1 2 5 .50 -1 49.5 0
1 4 0 .0 ^ -1 8 8 .0 0

-

_
-

1 2 3 . 0G -1 4 h .0O

-

408
83
325

39 .5
39 .5
39.5

107.50
126.00
103.00

107.00

8 9 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .00 -1 30.0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR ------------MANUFACTURING---------------- -NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

507
216
?9\

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------

349
269

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s -

MANUFACTURING -----------------MONMANUFACTURING ---------------

t y p i s t s , class

-----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------a

ty p i s t s , class b
manufacturing

----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

See footnotes at en d o f t a b l e s .




80

1 2 0.00
100.00

-

-

11

58

-

-

-

-

_
“

2

22

128
128

5
5

24
24

57
6

51

21

1

6

4
18

10

9

14
14
-

4
4

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_
-

_
_

14
13

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
$
w
eekly
hu 1
o rs
^sta d rd
na )

Occupation and industry division

M
ean *

M
edian ^

M
iddle ranged

$

130
U n der
and
$
under
130
140

S

$

S

$

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

S

$

S

$

$

S

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

340

360

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

340

360

over

-

2
2

-

6

6

8

4

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1

6

5

5
5
”

10

3
3

1

4

5

“

-

-

23

8

12

8

3
9

9
5
4

-

1

4
4

14
14

12

-

9
5

10

-

16
7

1

-

10

9

7
7

5
5

25
25
“

6

6

5
4

_

_

-

-

-

”

1

4
4
-

_

6

4
3

_

6

~

-

1

-

-

-

1

3

4

7

14

10

22

13
3

15
3

16

8

10

2

8

10

12

14

~

7
3

9
5
4

24
18

121

48

25
9

29
28

-

113

47
43

4
4

-

-

-

”

-

-

_

-

-

-

3
-

ALL WORKERS

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

86
^0

46

39 .5
40.0
39 .5

$
21 5.50
21 3.50
21 7.50

$
214.50
214.50
215.00

$
$
19 6.00 -2 33.5 0
191.50 -2 36.0 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 24.0 0

179.50
194.50
164.00

176.00
203.50
161.50

15 5.50 -2 07.0 0
16 6.00 -2 23.0 0
155.00 -1 79.0 0

*20

-

-

9
3

•

-

-

2

29

-

-

2

11

25
14

20

-

-

18

11

15

4
4

1 4 0 . 0 0 “ 19 0 * 5 0
14 6.00 -1 87.0 0
132.50 -1 90.5 0

9
**9

11

12
12

5
4
1

2 3 4 .50 -3 03.0 0
2 6 4 .50 -3 06.5 0

_

*

20 1.00

219.50
230.00
196.00

199.50 -2 35.0 0
211.00 -2 39.0 0
19 0.50 -2 07.0 0

40.0

178.00

174.00

160.00 -1 94.5 0

93

40.0

32 5.50

328.50

2 9 2 .00 -3 53.0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS* CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------- ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

93
33
60

40.0
40.0
40 .0

27 5.50
28 7.00
26 9.00

269.50
285.50
264.50

25 3.00 -2 99.0 0
2 6 2,50 -3 12.5 0
2 5 1.00 -2 76.0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

395
323

40.0
40 .0

264*00
26 0.50

267.50
267.50

2 4 7 .00 -2 80.5 0
24 1.50 -2 76.0 0

_

-

drafters,

-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

181
116
65

40 .0
40.0
40 .0

20 5.00
197.50
21 9.00

209.00
181.00

_
-

210.00

172.00 -2 30.0 0
17 0.00 -2 29.0 0
2 0 1 .50 -2 46.0 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS C -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

91
53
38

40 .0
40 .0
40.0

164-.00
152.00
181.50

161.00
157.50
180.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

1,5 7 7
1*492

40.0
40.0

200.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS Am a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------

55 8
493

40.0
40.0

22 8.00
22 4.50

4
4

9

26

272.00
279.50

24
7
17

34

-

7
2

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------

170
84

40.0
40.0
39.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------

94
39
55

40 .0
40.0
40.0

165.00
168.00
162.50

170.50
170.50
163.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
BUSINESS* CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

86

62

40.0
40.0

27 0.50
28 7.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
BUSINESS* CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — - — ---------------------

117
91
26

39.5
40.0
39.0

2 2 2.00

22 8.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
BUSINESS* CLASS C -----------------------------------

55

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS* CLASS A -----------------------------------

*

t

class

b

86

W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 1 0 to $ 1 2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 1 0 to $ 1 2 0 .

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




197.50

9 at $ 3 6 0 to

_

9

14

1

10

-

8

4

-

_

_

4
7

-

-

“

2

14

-

-

-

_

-

-

9

_
-

~

“

1

“
15
4

13
7

16
15

11

6

1

9
9
-

4

11

11

2

2

-

-

-

-

8

3
3

-

6

_

-

-

*

-

-

“

_
-

9
9
-

8
8

41
40

-

_
-

-

1 5 4.00 -1 80.0 0
138.00 -1 61.0 0
173.00 -1 98.0 0

fio

6

4

12

10

5

-

1

2
2

194.00
190.00

172.5C -225.00
17 0.00 -2 23.0 0

2

28
28

68

2

228.00

2 0 7.00 -2 55.5 0
2 0 5 .50 -2 48.0 0

.

.

-

-

_

2

8

3

2

5
3

7

1

12

68

-

12
12

39
38

6

21
6

11

20

-

9

1

4
4
“

15

11

11

22

11

14

19
3

4
7

13

3
3

92
92

178
177

139
139

22 8
22 5

90
84

157
157

.

-

-

34
34

14
14

33
30

73
73

1

"

-

-

15***17

1

1

$ 4 2 0 ; a n d 2 at $ 4 2 0 to

$440.

-

9

30
26

18
14
4

14

14

140
134
88

21

11

2

3

12

17
13
4

105
99

100

96

84
77

99
58

50
46

4
-

10
10

1

58
56

49
46

48
41

97
56

50
46

1

10

-

-

-

10

-

-

“

1

3

87

2

-

4

11
1

5
5

.

-

$ 4 0 0 ; 2 at $ 4 0 0 to

_

3

6
_

*

6

-

12

-

-

$ 3 8 0 ; 4 at $ 3 8 0 to

..

4

2

_

22 1.00

6

30
30
-

8

4

4

“

6

3
-

2

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—

O cc up a t io n and in d u s t r y division

of
workers

weekly
Mean

*

Median

l

Middle

range

£

U n der
5

130

$

S

4

\,, __„

130
.
and
under
140

140

S
150

$
160

S

$
170

180

$
190

$
200

*
210

$

$
220

230

$

$
24 0

250

$
260

$

$
270

280

S

S

$
300

320

340

360
and

160

170

37
7
J*
f

53
53

140
1 IQ
107

67
^
.*7
O(

140
1 *57
lJi

49
46

31

39

38

38

74

8

150

180

190

200

230

240

25 0

260

51
46

41
37

51
50

36
36

2
2

1

210

6

220

280

30 0

3

270

-

32 0

340

360

over

ALL WORKERS —
continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS —
CONTINUED
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS C-

762
742

$
4 0 .0 190.50
40 • 0 1 9 0 . 0 0

257

40 .0

CD f

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REOISTcRED) * AK1' A f l l INo
i iU P
U
MAmI I MUT1UK TN.. - ____ ______ ______________ _ _ _

See f o ot n ot e s at end o f t a b l e s .




28

40.0

$

169.50
169.00

168,00 169.00
i o o •0 u
21

S .°°

$
$
169,00 -2 09,5 0

153.00-180.00
ljJiwU lOutUU

230.00 201.00-231.00
1^A A
oD1J •r\0 cO 1 # 0 'i uJ 1 #uU
t \
C -2 r Ug OA 1 A

8
8
2

20

84
qa
OH

-

o
-

-

-

-

4

2

-

3

o

•

“

—

“

14
14

4

1

_

-

-

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
o
f
workers

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
standard) (standard)

O F F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

O F FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S W O M E N — C O N T IN UE D

$
40.0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

SECRETARIES - CONT IN UE D
4 0 .0

17 4.50

36

40.0

166* 50
169.00

697
290
407

40.0
40.0
40 .0

161.50
174.50
152.50

ST EN OGRAPHERS* GE NE PA L — —
— —
MANUS ACTUR IMG — —
— — — —
NONMANUt ACTUR ING
PU B L I C UT I L I T I E S — — — — —

307
181
126
40

4 0 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40.0

149.00
159.50
133.50
163.50

JOH

O F FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S - WOME N

C O M P U T E R PR OG RA MM ER S*
D U 31IVt^3 * V.LM33 H - - -- -- nwivur Muiuni ivl?

$

— ---

rOMO! ITPO PQfiftPAMMFPR*
W U nr U \C.K r
92

MANUFACTURING ————
hUIVr'IHUUr
1

—

— ——

^LCrl>

FILE,

710
135
575

39.5
39.5
39 .5

124.50
139.50
120.50

254

39.5

89 .50

40.0
40 .0

123.50
125.00

CTCM^r.DADUf DC _ bulMIUK — — — — — — — — — — — —
b ILN UoKArnCnDf cr MT HD ______________
M A NU FA CT UR TN G
N O NM AN UF AC TU R IMG

21 6
291

40 .0
40 .0

17?IoO
144.00

Un«r ir.Ko* l l m d d h — — — — — — — — --- — — — --MANUrAUI UK 1NO — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — —

78

r M i“ UI.L

157.50
156.50
156.00

207

CL A S S C ---------------

40.0
40.0

S W IT CH BO AR D OP E R A T O R S --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G
NO NM AN UF A C TU RI NG

349
80
269

39.5
39.0
40 .0

114.50
156.00

SECRETARIES* CLASS D — — — —
M A N U F A CT UR IN G
NO NMANUF AC TU RI NG

—

25

CO M P U T E R P R OG RA MM ER S*
bUb 1Nc.bb* LLAbb L

45

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS*
D U 3 AINC3 3 I UUMD O < " — — —
3
—
iMiTUr m u 1
xi* j
'
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- —

Pi ACC U _ _ w
»t
.

K E Y P U N C H OP E R A T O R S . CL AS S b
—
M A NU F A C T U R I N G --- ----------------- —
rtJOtlNoc.no
r i F f iurn.
' w N vMi>

L

■■ ■ ■ ■ r
■

40.0

149.50
162.50
141.00

10 2.00

DR AF TE RS * CLASS 3
M AMUF ACTUR ING
NONMANUFACTURING — — — —— —

392
193
199

40.0
40.0
39 .5

150.50
163.50
138.00

S W IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUF ACTUR ING
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I M G —
— —
—

312
115
197

40 .0
40 .0
40.0

127.00
135.00
122.50

173
34
139

40.0
39.5

132.50
133.00
132.00

TYPISTS* CLAS S A
MANUF ACTUR ING
NONMANUF ACTUR ING

381
64
317

39.5
39 .5
39 .5

139.50
16 3.50
135.00

49

39.0
39.5

1 1 0.00

TYPISTS* CLAS S B --- -------- -— -— —
MA NU FA CT UR ING
MAKIK1AM IFAPTI IDTKin — — — — — — — — — _ — — — —
l
fVUfVnfli'iU' AW 1 UK tPwv7 — __________ —

408
83

39 .5
39 .5

107.50
126.00
103.00

40.0

105.00

1.959

All f 1 »j # j U
t

1.116
93

40 0 16 6* 5 0
4 0 .0 186.50

147

1 MK1Cj #
nWnjyr
1vn ilM ■
lj

40.0
40.0
40 .0

188.00
198.00
179.50

COMP UT ER O P ER AT OR S* CLASS A — - - -- -

327
123 .
204
37

40.0
40 .0
40.0
40 .0

191.50
195.50
189.50
21 8.50

computer

66

“

INv'NnAr
>IUr
1 UM 1IT1
3
PU o L I O U l l L I I l E b ------

manufacturing

NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G
op er ato rs* class

— —
—
MANUF ACTUR I N G -------------- -■*------ -b

NONM AN UF ACTUR ING
COMPUTER OP ER AT OR S* CLASS C — —

75
37
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5

214.00

124

40 .0
40 .0
39 .5

181.00
196.50
162.50

68
56
in

212.00

216.00




1 t)c . uu
1 a y .nn

4 0 . 0 CIO.
4 0 . 0 2 8 6 . 00
4 0 .0 27 1.00

_
f c o h •b 0
t
PKl DU

——
77
ff
AI
HI
or>

7a r c a
4 0 .0 cu 7 *b 0
4 0 .0 2 0 1 . 0 0
4 0 .0
1 AO A A
4 0 . 0 10^*00

1QQ A A
lbV.OU
/ « * A 1 An •bU
4 0 .0 1 n u eft

*5 3 3

40.0
40 .0

20 1.50
199.00

E L E C T R O N I C S T E CH NI CI AN S, CLAS S AMANUFACTURING —— — ———— —— —

558
49 3

40.0

22 8.00
22 4.50

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S , CLASS BMANUFACTURING — — — —— —

7 1A
fit)

736

4 0 .0 192.00
1^ 1 A A
4 0 . 0 1 Q\. 0 0

770
CjV

239

4 0 .0 169.00
4 0 . 0 1 AO A A
lOH.OO

40.0

161.00

1

\ . 4^8

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND TE C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
lu nr u ic r u r cn Al un of l u a j j o
.t

46

mu i un

— — — — — —
— — — — — —

cc

/M Ab b r
*
UL *rc *

•

-

j.

AAUni itch UPtKAT UK bf
L U M PU l t R rmcn *TAr^
NURSES,

NOTE:
Earnings data in table A -3 relate only to workers whose sex identification w a s provided by the establishment,
to all w o rk er s in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)
See footnotes at end of tables.

*

E L E C T R O N I C S T E CH NI CI AN S* CLASS CMANUFACTURING — — — — — — —

-lpe
j CJ

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E CH NI CA L
OC CU P A T I O N S - MEN

81

HMlVUr WV lVn I'MlJ

39 • 5 2 1 9 . 5 0
l
4 0 . 0 CC 1«3 l
39 .0 198.00

•

106

ci coTOAkiTrc TcrukiTn t a m c __— ___ —
r
LlLV 1
1
ItWniUUiMJlJ
HWivur m u iun i
— --— --- --- --

Aft U
H •f 2 7 7 . 0 0
U t
h0 . 0 2 9 0 . 0 0

40.0

DR AF TE RS * CLAS S C — — —
— — —
MANUFACTURING —————
——— — —— —
iwi\»n«f>iur «u i irjvj — — r —
—

31

SELKt. 1 AH lr b
MA NU F ACTUR INO
NONMAfvJiJF A C T U R I M G
—
H U H L iR U ! iLl 1 l•. b — — — — — — — — —— — — —

?
30
52
8

1 fC
^k
1 ov

129

k CVDIlKiru U r lW I 1
AtTrUI'U.r

A7
Of

— —

40.0
40.0
40.0

92
75

CL ER KS .

66

48

486
182
306

AC CO UN T TNG* Cl ASS b — — —

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E CH NI CA L
O C C U P A T I O N S - M E N — C O NT IN UE D

78£

Cl FRKS.

Average
(mean2)

Number
of
workers

IN DU ST RI AL

(REGISTERED)

u Aktuc a/*t i ta r K in ____________ __________

40 .0
40.0

174.50
166.00

cc
bb

40.0

167.50

27

40 .0 214.00
AA A
HU • U 212.50

Earnings data in tables A - 1 and A - 2 , on the other hand,

relate

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

H ourly e a r n in g s 3

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

uuuei

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
S
S
4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4,90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5. 30 5.40 5.60 5.80

%

6 .00

i
6 .2 0

S
$
$
$
6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00

an(j

4.10

M ean2

•
P
ru
o

$

o

of
workers

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n

■e

$

under

_

4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.30 5. 40 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

6 .2 Q

6.40

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

-

-

and

7.00 over

ALL WORKERS
$

$

5.70
5.61

5.73
5.58

CARPENTERS » MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

55
40

---------

218

6.36

34

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFAC TUP T N G - ——---— ———————
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM

fle ctpicians. maintenance

L'Vu TMPCDQ. CT Ml lUINAK V
K
l Mf iiCl KO 1 j 1 AT TH iAD T
1, ' .
J

'l ANUr AL 11 r l u i
. /<

~

—

•*••••••*••**• "*"**•

MECHANICS, a u t o m o t i v e
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NON'MANUFACTUPING--------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------PAINTFRS, MAINTENANCE

---------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS

---------------------------------

$

$

5.58- 5.96
5.58- 5.76

-

6.27
*€ J

6.04- 6.87

_

c 7J
I}

• (1

5.39— 5.98

49
46

3.91
3.96

3.56
3.70

79
79

A* uy
o. t\Q

6.09

254
107
147
128

6.19
6.96
5.63
5.56

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

1

2
2

•

•

-

-

«.

_




-

9

4
3

3.33- 4.57
/. b
L
4 . Cf

* 31
28

2
2

5.99

5.77- 6.55

_

_

~

8

. f (-

6.19
7.89
6.14

5.255.734.604.50-

7.89
7.94
6.26
6.19

6 .0 2

237
203

5.88
5.86

5.82
5.82

5.77- 6.06
5.77- 5.86

58
41

5.49
5.42

5.57
5.33

5.33- 5.81
5.33- 5.57

208
208

6.14
6.14

6.27

-

-

8
8

-

-

_

-

7

-

_

2

10

9

13
-

1
1

6
6

4

9

35
JD

65
64

5

2

13

1

1
1

25

18

5

Eb

A-

3

13

10
8

7

2
2

2
1
1
-

48

6

80
73

34
15

10

_

_

1

-

-

-

20
20
20

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4

10
-

15
15

4

10
10

_

“

15

-

1

_

13

-

_

1
1
1

1
“

_
-

1
-

1
1

_

_
-

-

20
20

-

2
2

_

-

-

"
3
3

-

11
7

11
10
1
1

.

20
1

4

1
1
-

3

-

3
3

1
1

13
13

38

16
16

9
9

7
7

16
3

1
-

1
“

18
18

54
54

16
16

108
108

_
-

7

3

9 at $3.3 0 to $3.4 0;

~

8

1

68
_

2

1

3

11
2
2

-

~

2

15
15

12
12

-

1
1
-

12
12
6

1

g

8
4

_

1
1

_

5.99- 6.27
5,99- 6.27

b ,27

9
9

2
2

b.bb

a 1
J . JJ -

15
15

2
2

A

*
W o r k e r s v/e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s: 4 at $ 2.9 0 to $3; 1 at $3 to $3.1 0; 2 at $3.10 to $3. 20; 2 at $3.2 0 to $3.30;
3 at $3.90 to $4.
**
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s : 1 at $7 to $7. 2 0; 6 at $ 7.4 0 to $ 7. 6 0; and 65 at $7.8 0 to $8.
** * W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s 21 at $7 to $7. 2 0; and 4 at $ 7. 6 0 to $ 7. 8 0.
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .

1

33

7 at $3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0;

7

41
37

19
16
9

at $3 .6 0 to $ 3 .7 0;

•

_
-

1
1

**72
65
7
7

1
~

-***25
25

“

~

9
9

-

-

2 at $3 .7 0 to $3. 8 0;

Hourly earnings’

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

$
2 .2 0

s
2 .4 0

S
2 .6 0

S
2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

S
3 .4 0

s
3 .6 0

S
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

S
$
4 . 4 0 4 •60 4 , 8 0

S
5 .0 0

$
5, .2 0

S
5 .4 0

$
S
5 . .60 5,.8 0

$
" I ---------f “
6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 .4 0

2 .2 0

n

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 D

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0 4 ,8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5,, 4 0

5 .6 0

5.

6i,0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

over

655

35
10
25

22
11
11

21
6
15

34
33
1

3
1
2

28
16
12

8
8

11
11

37
34
3

4
1
3

1
1

9
1
8

66
62
4

34
12
22

2
2

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

_

.
-

$
2 .0 0

l

of
workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

ALL WORKERS
975
1 88
787

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----nonmanufacturing
guards:
ma nufacturing

$
2 .5 9
3 .8 6
2 .2 9

$
2 .0 5
3 .8 3
2 .0 5

$
2 .0 5 3 .0 0 2 .0 0 -

$
2 .7 5
4 ,8 3
2 .0 5

655

10

3 .8 6

3 .8 3

3 .0 0 -

4 .8 3

3 .3 9
4 .0 8
3 .1 4

3 .2 2
4 .3 2
3 .1 8

2 .9 3 3 .6 0 2 .7 4 -

3 .8 2
4 ,4 4
3 .3 5

111

4 .5 1

4 .5 7

4 .4 4 -

5 .8 6

92
73

4 .7 4
4 .6 4

5 .1 8
5 .1 8

4 .4 5 3 .3 0 -

5 .2 5
5 .2 5

204
133
71

4 .3 0
4 .1 8
4 .5 1

4 .2 7
4 .2 6
4 .2 9

3 .8 0 3 .7 4 3 .9 4 -

5 .0 8
4 .6 0
5 .2 5

1 ,5 1 6
694
822
223

5 .6 7
6 .3 6
5 .0 6
5 .6 7

5 .1 0
7 .5 2
4 .9 7
5 .5 3

4 .9 7 5 .0 6 4 .9 7 5 .5 0 -

6 .4 5
7 .5 2
5 .5 n
6 .4 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIG^T (UNDER
1 - 1 / ? TOMS) ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------

174
1 56

4 .8 0
4 .9 1

5 .1 0
5 .1 0

4 .2 2 5 .1 0 -

5 .2 8
6 .4 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -------- — —
NONMANUFACTURING -------- ------ — --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

3 80
1 65
62

4 .9 3
4 .8 7
5 .5 7

5 .0 6
4 .6 0
5 .5 0

4 . 6 0 - 5 .0 6
4 . 6 0 - 4 .9 6

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TY P E ):
MANUFACTURING----------------- — ------ — —

100

6 .0 1

6 .1 2

5 .3 5 -

7 .5 2

TRUCKDHIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ---------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------LABORERS,

MATERIAL HANDLING

RECEIVING CLERKS -----non man ufactu ring

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING ------ ----------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - — -------TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------nonmanufactu rin g —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

-3
^3

11

6

33

1

16

-

-

34

l

-

1

1

62

12

-

-

118
4
114

75
8
67

100
20
80

46
6
40

363
25
338

223
12
211

29
25
4

34
24
10

140
20
120

72
24
48

95
46
49

109
102
7

46
39
7

17
16
1

_

28
28

-

-

-

-

1

188
1 ,5 4 8
399
1*149

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

22

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

1

1

49

35

-

-

1
1

13
13

2
2

1
-

2
2

-

-

-

1
“

-

1
1

3
3

_

2
2

14
11
3

7
7
-

13
13
“

11
6
5

42
23
19

6
2
4

13
4
9
■"

14
14
-

16
12
4

2
2
"

1
1
-

4
“

4
“

.

_

_

-

“

3
3

-

-

-

-

21
21
-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

10
10

-

4 . 0 5 - 4 .9 0
3 .6 8 - 4 .8 7

_

W ork ers w e re

d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :




-

28
7
21
1

97
15
82
5

375
1
374
28

232
1 55
77
7

27
19
8
8

123
17
106
1 04

5
1

1
1

5
1

5
3

1
1

70
70

6

_

_

6

-

”

-

-

-

-

.
-

4
4

3
1
2

14
12
2
-

51
44
7
-

23
23

_

12
12
12

1
-

11
-

14
-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

15

17

-

-

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1

-

7

2

8

-

-

9

6

_

.

.

-

2
-

4
“

15
13

4
-

.

40
40

27
27

20
20

-

-

.

-

-

10
“

36
36

20
20

18
15

7
l

20
20

29
29

42
13

129
124

73
26

15
15

1
1

7
7

12
12

_

56
56

-

-

"

-

8

4
4

12
12

17
17

8

6
5
1
1

-

-

_

4 .6 0
4 ,6 0

16
15
1
1

-

146
-

-

4 .5 1
4 .4 7

19
19

.

1

33
28
5

28
27
27

-

506
416

1
-

84
71
1

-

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------NONMANUFACTURING

11
7
4

19
16

-

.

14
12
2

-

1
-

-

-

27
24
3

_

11
-

-

7 .6 6

8
-

1
1

9
9

7 .5 2 -

-

1
1

2
-

-

4 .7 C - 4 .9 6
4 . 7 0 - 4 .9 6

-

19
18

6
4

_

-

7 .5 2

-

29
25

10
-

_

-

4 .7 0
4 .7 0

-

3
3

_

-

7 .3 7

-

4
1

—

_

-

4 .8 3
4 .7 8

-

1
-

.

_

-

122
100

-

—

21
21

382

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .

-

10
10

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

*

5
1
4

69 at $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; 4 at $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7; 231 at $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .6 0 ; and 140 a t $ 7 .6 0 to $ 7 .8 0 .

-

'4 4 4
371
73
68

42
42

—

-

-

-

3
3

22
22
22

28

.

345




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in San Diego, Calif., November 1974
Sex, occupation, and industry division

maintenance

and

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

55
AA
*90
E L E C T R IC IA NS * M A I N T E N A N C E — — — — — — — — —

Ol Q
clo
139

$
c
D# 7 n
rU

5 • 61
Q« 30

_____

34

k A u TM C _ T A m A D tK AI Un ot T U ^ L n U U nt
j
u
MALniNt.* lUvL U r C D A T A Q C
!A D l D A A t
MANUr AL IUK i fNb

——

■*a

—
—•

UC AU A N I C b t M A IN |tlNANLC.
U A TMTCK1AMAC
Kt L H AAif AC
M A N U r A L 1UN 1No

c
b* 7*3
fJ

79
79
254
107
147
1 Hf
128

•*••• *■• *•• ***•• ••
——————————————————

AKin

uatphm fm

—

.a —

__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

A IQ
O# 1 7
c* j
j *O
C. 30
O* CA

TR UCKDRIVERS, L I GH T (UNDER
]_] / 2 T O N S ) _____ - _____
_
M O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G __
___

208
208

c / 0
5* He

T R U C K 0 RIVERS* HEAVY
T P A T I CD TVDCl) .
IKAlLtK 1 T r t .

--------

«• ••«•• •■• •• •• •• •• ••

4.51

4. 7 3
4 . 63

2 f)0
131
69

4. 2 9
4 . 18
4.50
5 . 67
6.39
5 . 06
5. 67

174
156

4.80
4.91
4. 93
4. 87
5.57

100

6 .0 1

(OVER 4 TONS,

- ___- _________- ___

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
0 T H F R t h a w TPAILER TYPE) _____ _____
t p i ir ie p

pG j pqw fp
(p q p ^l if T)
MAMI IFA m IR I M G _____- ____________

900
183
717

$

379
165
62

„ --,r

5.86

A • 1A
O lH
6 * 14

111
ill

1*515
693
822
223

r

TR UC KDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1- 1/2 TO
AMD tkipi 1 inrun / m u o
.
__
M flW U A W I ir * r T llD T H r . _
_
DIIQI TP IITTI TTTCC

5 88

___ ___
0 A7
CtOO
3.88 WA RE H O U S E M E N _______________________________________
NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — — — — — —
2*32

_ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

JA NITORS* PORT ER S, AND CL E A N E R S
MAMi tC AL 1UK T k
i
nANUr APT! ID IrlU
MAKlki A N U r A L 1lUK TMC
NUNM A ivil tC A /"“T IC 1 N o

—

AND RE CE IV IN G CL FR KS ____ —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ___ ______________ _
K!AMM AM 1IP ATTUC TMA _ _ __ __ __ __ __ __ _

m a n u f a c t u r in g

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ——————————————————
NONMANUFACTURING
GU A R D S t
u AMI I f A T T lUK UNO
nAHUr A L 1 IDT Kin

Average
(m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings3

88
70
r2

T R U C K D R I V E R S _________
— -r
m a n i i r a C T 1 ( R I N G _____ ____ ___
n o n m a n u f ' c t u r i n g — _____ —__
a
t *n 7
PIIRI IT IITTI T T T T C ____ _
O #0 o

cq

oo
4 I
H1

CU S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MO VE M E N T
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN
r .ilA o n c

__________

3 • 94
3*99

237
203

PAINT t Kb ♦ M A 1NI tNANLt.
* ktn nTC u AkTDC
TOOL AND Ult MA K k K b
MANUFACTURING

TVTMn PI FDK C ___________
NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G —

PFTF

-r

6•12

47
44

r Am

LABORERS, MA TERIAL HA ND LI NG

chipping

M E CH AN IC S, AU TO MO TI VE
/W k TMTC*M AWrr V " • * ^ — * *
IMAiNTtNANLLJ • * “ ~
u ANUr AL IUK TKiA — ___ _ _—
IC
M AKI 1 AATl IO 1 NU
kiAMu AMl iC ATT! ID Tklfl
Qi ini i L IITTI 1 1 ito
PU n L rA U 1 1L TTTCC

Number
of
workers

C U S T OD IA L AND MA TE RI AL MOVE ME NT
O C C U PA TI ON S - M E N — C O NT IN UE D

powerplant

O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

m a n u f a c t u r in g

Sex, occupation, and industry division

382

7.37

121

99

4 . 83
4. 78

486
40 4

4. 5 3
4.51

CU ST OD IA L AND MATERIAL MO VE ME NT
O C C U PA TI ON S - WOMEN
1*481

07Q
jr o
1 f 103
1 « 1A7

3.37
4.06
1 1A
J . lH

lA N 1 f P Q
wH™ iT Tvt” 3 f. P n R T L n 3 f. H!iU ClL u A N l R R
ryn 1 F P F AMH v F ^ o F " 3

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .

E a r n in g s da ta in t a b le A - 6 r e l a t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x
id e n t if ic a t i o n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
E a r n in g s da ta in
t a b l e s A - 4 and A - 5 , on th e o t h e r h a n d , r e la t e t o a ll w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)

_ _ —

67

J . OP




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment
shifts, in San Diego, Calif., for selected periods
N o v e m b e r 1973
to
N o v e m b e r 1974

I n d u s try and o c c u p a t io n a l
grou p

N o v e m b e r 1972
to
N o v e m b e r 1973

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) . ........... ........................
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g (m e n and w o m e n ).
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n )__________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s ( m e n ) ................... ........ ........
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) __________ _______ _____

5.1
*
5 .9
6 .0
6 .2

7 .7
6 .8
6 .4
8.1
9 .0

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) ... . . . . _ ...
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g (m e n and w o m e n )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n )__________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s ( m e n ) ___________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) _____ __________________

4 .8
*
5 .9
6 .3
**

7.1
6 .0
6 .1
9.6
**

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) ____________________
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g (m e n and w o m e n )______
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )......... .......................
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s ( m e n ) ____________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) _______________________

5 .4
*
**
**
**

8.2
7 .9
**
sit*
**

*
**

D ata n o t a v a ila b le .
D ata d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

N O T E : T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t h is t a b le a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e t r e n d j o b s in b o t h th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s
y e a r (m a t c h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e y a r e n ot a ffe c t e d b y c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s
r e s u lt in g f r o m e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ffe c t e d b y f a c t o r s
o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an e s t a b lis h m e n t
a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a t e s
f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at th e
b o t t o m o f t h e -r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e s e w a g e t r e n d s a r e n ot lin k e d t o th e w a g e in d e x e s p r e v i o u s l y p u b lis h e d f o r t h is
a r e a b e c a u s e th e w a g e in d e x e s m e a s u r e d ch a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s
m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in m a t c h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s .
O th e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e s e w a g e
t r e n d s w h ic h d iff e r f r o m th e d is c o n t in u e d in d e x e s in c lu d e (1 ) e a r n in g s d a ta o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s a r e c o n v e r t e d t o an h o u r ly b a s i s , (2 ) t r e n d e s t i m a t e s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h e r e p o s s i b l e , and (3 ) t r e n d e s t i m a t e s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g j o b s .
F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e
" I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r R e v ie w . J a n u a r y 1 97 3, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in San Diego, Calif., November 1974
Other inexperienced clerical workers 5

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-time salary4

Based on standard 'weekly hours6 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

40

All
schedules

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufactuving

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

All
industries

40

All
schedules

40

E s ta b lis h m e n t s s t u d i e d ____________________________________

129

36

XXX

93

XXX

129

36

XXX

93

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

40

14

13

26

24

52

19

18

33

28

$ 8 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 ___ ____ _____ ____ __________________
$ 8 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 _____________ _______________________
$ 8 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 8 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 0 .0 0 ___________________________________ $ 9 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0 ------------- ------ ----------------------------------$ 9 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
$ 9 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 9 7.5 0 and u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 _________________________________
$ 102 .50 and u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 1 0 5 .00 and u n d e r $ 1 0 7 .5 0 __________________ ______ _________
$ 1 0 7 .50 and u n d e r $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 ........... ............... ...................................
$ 110 .00 and u n d e r $ 1 1 2 . 5 0 _________________________________
$ 112 .50 and u n d e r $ 1 1 5 . 0 0 _________________________________
$ 1 1 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 1 7 . 5 0 ------- ------------------------------------------$ 1 1 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 1 2 0 .0 0 ....... .................... .............. — ............

4
1
1
9
1
2
1
4
1
1
1
2
1
3
-

1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
-

3
1
8
1
2
1
1
1
1
3

3
7
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
"

5
3
2
4
9
1
1
1
5
1
2
1
2
2
3
1

2
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
1

2
-•
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
~

3
3
2
3
7
1
1
1
1
1
2
3
"

3
2
1
2
5
1
1
1
1
1
2
3
_

$ 120 .00
$ 1 25 .00
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 135 .00
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
$ 1 45 .00
$ 1 50 .00
$ 155 .00
$ 1 60 .00

........... .................................................
_____________ ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
____ ___________________________
......... .................. .................................
_________________________________

1
1
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
2
1
"

1
2
1
-

1
2
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
2
1
"

1
1
2
1
-

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m -----------------------

10

4

XXX

6

XXX

16

5

XXX

11

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id n ot e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ........................................... ...............................................

79

18

XXX

61

XXX

61

12

XXX

49

XX X

an d
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
$ 1 4 5 .0 0
$ 1 5 0 .0 0
$ 1 5 5 .0 0
$ 1 6 0 .0 0
$ 1 65 .00

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .







( A l l f u l l - t i m e m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s = 1 00 p e r c e n t )
A ll w o r k e r s 7
S e c o n d s h i ft

W o r k e r s on l a t e s h i f t s

T h ir d s h ift

S e c o n d s h i ft

T h ir d s h ift

P ercen t of w ork ers

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h la t e s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s
W it h n o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r la t e s h ift w o r k
W it h p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r la t e s h ift w o r k
U n ifo r m c e n t s -p e r -h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l .
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t d iff e r e n t ia l
...... ... . _ . . .
O th e r d iffe r e n t ia l

_

8 5 .8
.

....
_

8 0 .5
_

1 4 .5
_

3 .6
_

8 5 .8
6 5 .7
3 .6
1 6 .5

8 0 .5
1 4 .5
2 .3
6 3 .7

1 4 .5
1 1 .6
.6
2 .3

3 .6
.8
2 .8

1 7.1
8 .9

1 6 .6
1 5 .0

1 7 .4
1 0 .0

1 3 .8

1 .6
6 .0
3 .4
1 .8
1.5
3 .5
1 .6
4 1 .8
3 .8
.7

3 .0
3 .4
.7
1 .6
2 .0
1.5
1 .6
.7

.7
.1
.7
1 .4
1.1
7 .2
.1
.1

.5
.1
.1
.1
(8)

1 .3
2 .3

.6
■

-

-

2 .3

1 .7

5 .3

.2

.2

A v e r a g e p a y d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n t s -p e r -h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t d i f f e r e n t i a l .....
..............
P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y typ e and
am ou n t o f p a y d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
6 cen ts
.................. .
10 c e n t s
............ .
.. ___
12 c e n t s ______________________________________________
_______ _______________________
15 c e n t s
16 c e n t s ______________ ____ __________________________
17 c e n t s
1 7 9 io c e n t s ........ .....................................................................
/
18 c e n t s ______________________________________________
2 0 c e n t s ______________________________________________
2 5 c e n t s ______________________________________________
35 c e n t s ___________ '__________________________________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t :
7 p e r c e n t _________ , _________________________________
_
10 p e r c e n t __________________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ________________________ _________ _______
O th e r d iffe r e n t ia l:
F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ______________
8 h o u r s ' p a y f o r 7Va h o u r s ' w o r k p lu s
10 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------8 h o u r s ' p a y fo r 7 h o u r s ' w o rk p lu s:
10 c e n t s ________________________ _________________
15 c e n t s --------- -------- --------------------------------------------8 h o u r s ' p a y f o r 6V2 h o u r s ' w o r k p l u s :
8 c e n t s _______ ___________________________________
10 c e n t s _____ ____________________________________
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
14 c e n t s __________________________________________
18 c e n t s __________________________________________

2 .1

1 4 .7
-

~

"
2 .3
1 4 .7
1 2 .7
1 4 .4
1 .9
2 .9
7 .8

"
-

.8
(8 )
1 .4
.2
(8)

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

Public utilities

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s b y s c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s

A l l f u l l- t im e w o r k e r s ________________________________________

100

32 h o u r s — 4 d a y s _____________________ ___________________________
35 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ________________ _________________________________
37 Va h o u r s — 5 d a y s _______________________________________________
38 h o u r s — 5 d a y s _______ ________________________________________
3 8 3A h o u r s — 5 d a y s _______________________________________________
40 h o u r s _____________________ ____________________________________
4 d a y s ______________
__________________________________________
_________________________________________________
5 d a y s _______
4 4 h o u r s — 5 V2 d a y s _______________________________________________
48 h o u r s — 6 d a y s _____________________ ___________________________

1
2
2
1

5

_
_

~)
(9
4
_

3

_

6

_

100
12

89

97

_

88
_

89

2

-

100

_

_

_
_
_

87

93

1

_

85

93

_
8

4 0 .4

39.9

4 0 .0

(9 )

97

99
3
97

-

(9 )

-

39.9

39.9

(9 )

A v e r a g e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
A l l w e e k ly w o r k s c h e d u l e s _______________________________________

See footn ot e at end o f t a b l e s .




39.8

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

P ercen t of w ork ers

A ll f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s n o t p r o v id i n g
p a id h o lid a v s
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o lid a v s

100

10

_

_

_

_

90

100

100

99

100

100

8.6

9 .3

9 .3

9 .0

10.1

9.7

(9 )

A v e r a g e n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
F o r w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
p r o v id i n g h o lid a y s
P e rce n t o f w o rk e r s by num ber
o f p a id h o l id a y s p r o v id e d 10
5 h o lid a y s
6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
7 h o l id a y s
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
8 h o lid a y s
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
8 h o l id a v s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
9 h o l id a v s
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
10 h o l id a y s
11 h o l id a y s
11 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
13 h o l id a y s

_

_

13

_

2

9

_

_

_

13

18

_

_

_

_

1
19

3
14

_

13

_

_

_

1
15

2
18

_

9

_

_

15
10
1
3

10
25

67
2

_

_

90
90
77
77
65
65
44
44
28
13
4
3

100
100
98
98
80
80
62
62
42
32
7
7

-

7

(9 )
5
(9 )
6
1
(9 )
26
9
1
15
(9 )
20
13
(9 )
3

_
3

4

_

_

7

_

_

_

(9 )
11

_

5

_

_

2
6

_

-

14
47
_

9

3
_

89
(9 )
-

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s by t o t a l p a id
h o l id a y t im e p r o v id e d n
5 days o r m ore
.... . _
6 days o r m ore
................... ... _
6 V? d a y s o r m o r e
.......................... _
7 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________________________
.....
7 V? d a y s o r m o r e
8 days o r m o re
........
8 V?. d a y s o r m o r e
9 days o r m o re
............ ........ ............. ....
10 d a y s o r m o r e
11 d a y s o r m o r e
_
_ ________ _
12 d a y s o r m o r e
13 d a v s

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




100
100
91
91
91
91
78
78
69
2
-

99
98
95
95
88
88
61
52
36
16
3
3

100
100
97
97
90
90
78
78
70
56
9
9

100
100
96
96
96
96
92
92
89
(9 )
_

O ffice w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m 10
A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s

P ercen t o f w ork ers

____

100

100

100

100

100

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y ____________________________________________________
W a s h in g to n 's B irth d a y ____________________________________________
G ood F r i d a y ________________________________________________________
G ood F r id a y , h a lf d a y ______________________________ _______ _______
E a s t e r M o n d a y _____________________________________________________
M e m o r ia l D a y _____________ _______________________________________
F o u rth o f J u l y ________________________ _____________ _______ ______
L a b o r D a y __________________________________________________________
State D a y ____________ _______________________________________ ____ ___
C o lu m b u s D a y ________________________ ___________________________
V e t e r a n s D a y __________________________ ______ ______________ _______
T h a n k sg iv in g D a y __________________________________________________
D ay a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g ____________________________________________
C h r is t m a s E v e ______________________________________________________
C h r is t m a s E v e , h a lf d a y _________________________________________
C h r is t m a s D a y ________________________________ ___________________
C h r is t m a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d 12________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e ___________________________________________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 d a y 13________________________________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 2 d a y s 13 _______ ________________________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 3 d a y s 13_______________________________________
E m p lo y e e 's b ir t h d a y ______________________________________________
C om p a n y a n n i v e r s a r y ________________________ ____________________

90
27
5

100
20
8
100
100
100
-

100

99
50
4
9

100

100

13

93
3

A l l f u l l- t im e w o r k e r s .

_ _

__

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




__________

1

5
90
90
90
3
8
20

90
41
16

3
90
10

3
9

100
100
100
-

4

67
70

100

100

77
38
5

71

100

27
7

2

10
1

5
26

20

1

77
3

5

2
100

2

99
99
99
35
16

18
99
43
11
1

6
100
100
100
2
100

89
34
3

19
12

100

8

-

99
13
3
9

2
8

4
10
( 9)

48
9
9
7

100
100
100
-

89
89
100

91
1
100
-

3
3

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

P ercen t of w ork ers
100

A ll f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ________________________________________

100

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s n o t p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t .:___________________________________________
O t h e r p a y m e n t ___________________________________________________

1

-

-

(9 )

-

-

99
96
2
1

100
100
-

100
93
7

99
99
(9 )

100
100
-

100
100
-

“

“

5
17
3
1

7
19
2

2
65
5
“

4
37
2
1

24
3

86
3

48
4
35
8
3

27
2
43
18
8

10
14
76
-

-

-

-

1

2

"

14
4
74
7
1
(9 )

7
66
27
“

6
3
91
■

3
5
75
10
4

5
15
49
19
11
2

1
1
90
7
1
1
(9 )

1
69
25
4
“

99
-

"

A m ou n t o f p a id v a c a t io n a ft e r : 14
6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________________
1 w e e k ______________ __________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________________
2 w e e k s . _____________________________________________________
1 y ea r of s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ____________________________ __________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________ ____ ____________________________________
2 y ears of s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k _________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________ _______________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
3 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k _________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________________




-

1

(9 )

1

2
-

97
2
~

-

-

-

-

83
10
5

68
19
11
2

92
2
7
-

-

1

(9 )

1

-

-

-

-

80
12
6

68
19
11
2

92
2
7
-

-

1

-

~

"

(9 )
1
90
7
2
1
(9 )

67
25
7
-

100
-

(9 )
1
83
8
8
1
(9 )

67
25
7
“

100
-

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s

A m o u n t o f p a id v a c a t io n a ft e r 14— C o n tin u e d
5 y e a rs of s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w eek s,_________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________

49
28
23
-

88
12
-

-

(9 )
1
41
9
48
1
(9 )

-

"

17
72
5
5
2

1
96
2
2

(9 )
5
(9 )
85
3
7

1
99
-

-

"

4
85
4
8
"

(9 )
15
2
66
6
7
1
1

2
77
9
8
3
2

1
96
2
2
-

(9 )
5
(9 )
83
3
8
1
-

3
76
7
11
4

1
99
(9 )
-

(9 )
14

1
76
6
11
3
3

92
8
-

(9 )
4
(9 )
56
3
35
1

2
74
5

12

7

1

4
2

-

1
36

19
76
5

(9 )

■

(9 )
18
1
68
8

15
76
6

4
93
3

(9 )
4
(9 )

2
15
75
1
6

52
11
34
1

_
48
18
33
2

_
67
2
31
-

10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------5 w e e k s _______________________________________________________

(9 )
21
2
66
5
5
1

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------- ----------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ________________________________________________________




(9 )

2
55
4
21
1
1

(9 )
14

2
26

2

2

48
7

56
6

(9 )
14
2
25
1
39
1

16

1
36
2
54
2
6

(9 )

"

-

19
34
45
2

4

14

1
64
(9 )

16

(9 )

-

2

(9 )
"

93
-

4
40
53
3

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

1
36
2
54
2
6

-

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A m o u n t o f p a id v a c a t io n a ft e r 14— C o n tin u e d
30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------ --------- ----3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le :
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________ __________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ________________________________________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




(
9)

14
2
25
1
34
1
22

(
9)

-

(
9)

1
36
2
54
8

14
2
25
1
34
22

(
9)

n
4

-

n

19

14
1
59

-

9
70
2

19
9
69
3

(
9)

21

(
9)
(
9)
4

(
9)

14
1
59
22

(
9)

2
15

4

-

-

72
1
9
-

7
87
3

2
15
72
10

4
7
87
3

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

P u b l ic u t il it i e s

P ercen t o f w ork ers

100

100

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t le a s t o n e o f th e
b e n e fit s sh ow n b e lo w 15__________________________________________

97

100

100

99

99

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _________________________________________

93
75

100
91

100
90

94
74

99
89

100
97

A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d i s m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e _____________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _________________________________________

83
70

91
83

99
89

85
68

92
85

99
97

S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r s i c k
le a v e o r b oth 16 „ ------------------------------------------------------------------------

65

74

81

94

95

100

S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e _______ ____________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________________________
S ic k le a v e (f u ll p a y an d n o w a it in g p e r i o d ) ---- ------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r w a it in g p e r i o d ) __________________

13
7
45
15

21
12
64
2

3
2
39
42

19
3
85
8

14
7
93
1

3
3
47
53

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i li t y in s u r a n c e _____________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _________________ _______ ____________

15
10

6
6

29
29

43
34

9
8

37
37

H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e _________________________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s _ ____________________ ____________ __

97
76

100
90

100
87

99
67

99
93

100
94

S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ____ ___ ___________ _______________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s — ----- ------------------------------ -------------

97
76

100
90

100
87

97
67

99
93

100
94

M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ________ __ ________ _ ----------------------- --------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ---------------------------------------- -------------------

94
76

100
90

100
87

99
67

99
93

100
94

M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _________ ___
______________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ______
_______________________________

90
69

82
72

100
87

99
66

99
92

100
94

D e n ta l in s u r a n c e
-------------------------------------------- -----------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s __ ________ __________________________

47
39

47
45

44
44

43
34

63
61

40
40

R e t ir e m e n t p e n s i o n ----- ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ___________ ___________________________

78
70

78
71

93
84

73
61

66
61

98
93

A l l f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ------- -----------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular a n d /o r prem iu m rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w orkers.
The median
designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore and half receive le s s than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3
Excludes prem ium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 T h ese sa la rie s relate to form ally established m inim um starting (hiring) regular straigh t-tim e salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 E xcludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as m e ssen g er.
6
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m o st common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes a ll plant w orkers in establishments currently operating late sh ifts, and establishm ents whose form al provisions cover late
sh ifts, even though the establishm ents were not currently operating late shifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 percent.
9 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
10 F o r purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in D ecem ber, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the sam e amount are combined; for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
P roportions then w ere cumulated.
12 A C h ristm as—New Y ear holiday period is an unbroken se ries of holidays which includes C hristm as Eve, C hristm as Day, New Y e a r 's
E ve, and New Y e a r 's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and fa rm im plem ent industries.
1 "F lo a tin g " holidays vary from year to year according to em ployer or em ployee choice.
3
14 Includes paym ents other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or fla t-su m paym ents, converted to an
equivalent tim e b a s is ; for exam ple, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not n e c e ssa r ily reflect individual provisions for progression ; for exam ple, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 w eeks' pay after 10 y ea rs includes those eligible for
at least 3 w eeks' pay after few er years of service.
1 E stim ates listed after type of benefit are for a ll plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer. "Noncontributory
5
p la n s" include only those financed entirely by the em ployer.
Excluded are legally required plans, such as w orkm en's compensation, social
secu rity, and railroad retirem en t.
16 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness said accident insurance shown separately below . Sick leave plans are
lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the m inim um number of days' pay that each em ployee can expect.
Inform al sick leave
allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fit s d a ta a re o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and
2
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t and m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e f r o m
e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 7 9 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ff ic i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r
e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d
s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m t h is s t r a t i fie d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b il it y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e tha n s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W h en da ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
is w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b il it y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F or
e x a m p le , i f on e out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . An a lt e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r i g in a l p r o b a b il it y is c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e
c l a s s i f ic a t i o n i f da ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r the o r i g in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u it a b le s u b s titu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d it io n a l w e ig h t is a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r t o th e m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c t u r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O ffi c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l; (3 )
m a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4 ) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b . O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e j o b t it l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s w ith in
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n
i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e en o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta . S e p a r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s da ta a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w h en th e
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n t if ie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n id e n t if ie d in an
o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s da ta n o t sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e sh ow n .
L ik e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b ­
c l a s s i f ic a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s n ot sh ow n o r in fo r m a t io n t o
s u b c l a s s i fy i s n ot a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s da ta a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d
t o w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a r n in g s da ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la te s h ift s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l
o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l la r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r h i g h - w a g e

1 Personal visits were on a 2-y ea r c y c le before July 1972.
2 Included in the 79 areas are 9 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y . —P a .; Fort
Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; M elbourne—T itu sville—C ocoa , F la .; Norfolk—Virginia
Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—H ampton, Va. —N . C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; R aleigh—Durham, N. C . ; and Syracuse, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at die request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f
the U. S. Department o f Labor.




w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in
e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l is h m e n t s in an a r e a
i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in t a b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b l is h m e n t s d i f f e r
in p a y le v e l and j o b s t a ffin g , and thus c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t ly t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a il t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t ia l a m o n g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e a s s u m e d t o
r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e
t o d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l is h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s
a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job
d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e
o f th e stu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n ot a ffe c t m a t e r ia ll y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a ta .
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
The
A nnual ra tes
sp an b e t w e e n
i n c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in t a b le A - 7 r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e sh ow n , r e f l e c t th e a m ou n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h en th e t im e
s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s . A n n u a l r a t e s a r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s
a co n s ta n t ra te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s e s A and B
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C le rk s , o rd e r
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, s e n io r
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A and B
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A , B , an d
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (m e n
an d w o m e n )— C o n tin u e d
C o m p u t e r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , an d C
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) :
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le ctricia n s
M a ch in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in te rs
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
1. E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e l e c t e d
g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s in th e b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n )
e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t . T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d t o o b t a in a g r o u p a v e r a g e . __
3. T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e
f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t s — e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100
is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e.

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s p r o v i d e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
'’ P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff ic e fu n c t io n s .
C a fe t e r i a
w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m m a n u fa c t u r in g , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r
r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s .
A d m in i s t r a t iv e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t im e e m p l o y e e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
P a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a s c h e d u le c a llin g r e g u l a r ly f o r f e w e r w e e k ly h o u r s than
th e e s t a b l is h m e n t 's
s c h e d u le f o r f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s in the s a m e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o r k .
The
d e t e r m in a t io n i s b a s e d on th e e m p l o y e r 's d is t in c t io n b e tw e e n th e tw o g r o u p s w h ic h m a y ta k e in to
a c c o u n t n o t o n ly d i f f e r e n c e s in w o r k s c h e d u l e s but d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y and b e n e fit s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e on ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is i t e d . (S ee
t a b le B - l . )
B ecause
o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b il it y that la r g e
e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e m o r e li k e l y than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e th e
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b l is h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t ia l d a ta a r e li m it e d t o f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s . ( S ^
t a b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o lic y 3 f o r t o t a l p la n t y /op K er
e m p l o y m e n t , an d (2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i fie d sh ift at th e t im e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t ia l s , the a m ount a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y is u s e d .
In
e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iff e r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lie s t o a m a jo r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s . A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift en d s w o rk at o r n e a r m id n ig h t. A
t h ir d (n ig h t) s h ift s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a jo r it y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g t o a ll f u l l - t i m e plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
(S ee
t a b le B - 3 . )
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e
e x p e c te d to w o rk f o r s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e ra te s.
P a id h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t i c a ll y
as a p p ly in g t o a ll f u l l - t i m e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y
e v e n t u a lly q u a l if y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
(S e e t a b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 6 . ) Sum s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in
t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 5 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f rou n d in g .
D ata o n p a id h o l id a y s a r e li m it e d t o h o lid a y s g r a n t e d an n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h ic h (1 )
a r e p r o v id e d f o r in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
(See ta b le B - 4 . )
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r i ly g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y fa ll on a n o n w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is n ot
g r a n t e d a n o t h e r da y o ff .
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s t o sh o w t o t a l h o lid a y
tim e .
T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r t s th e in c id e n c e o f th e m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o lid a y s .
3 A n establishm ent was considered as having a p o licy if it m et either o f the follow ing conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions coverin g late shifts.
A n establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.




T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is a s t a t is t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v is i o n s r a t h e r than a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e fit s . (S ee t a b le B - 5 . )
P r o v i s i o n s a p p ly t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f len g th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n t s on o t h e r than a t im e b a s i s a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u al e a r n in g s a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u iv a le n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s t im a t e s
e x c l u d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s .
S u ch p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s t r ie s .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t
in c lu d e t h o s e (1 ) u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2)
p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n ion fu n d , o r (3 ) p a id d i r e c t ly b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fund s o r
f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
(S ee t a b le B - 6 . )
An e s t a b lis h m e n t i s c o n s id e r e d t o h a ve
s u c h a p la n i f th e m a jo r it y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n th o u g h l e s s than a m a jo r it y p a r t ic ip a t e
u n d e r th e p la n b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d the c o s t .
E x c lu d e d a re
le g a ll y r e q u i r e d p la n s , su c h as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a il r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is l i m it e d t o th a t t y p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d
c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly t o th e in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i li t y in s u r a n c e la w s r e q u ir in g e m p l o y e r
c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a ll y r e q u i r e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w . T a b u la t io n s o f
p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e li m it e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e fu l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o (1 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u l l p a y and n o w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r
p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r i o d .
In a d d itio n t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r padd s i c k l e a v e , am u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho
r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L o n g t e r m d i s a b i li t y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n t s t o t o t a l ly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p i r a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s i c k le a v e a n d / o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d
p e r i o d o f d i s a b i li t y (t y p i c a ll y 6 m o n t h s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til the en d o f the d i s a b i li t y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e m e n t b e n e fit s .
F u ll o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n ts a re a lm o s t a lw a ys
r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fit s p a y a b le t o the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a li z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p i c a l fe a t u r e s o f m a jo r m e d i c a l
p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in ; (2) a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a t u r e r e q u ir in g th e in s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s ; and (3) sta te d
d o l la r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e . g . , $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
D en ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s . E x c lu d e d
a r e p la n s w h ic h c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e
p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e w o r k e r 's li f e .
4 The temporary disability laws
C alifornia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
® A n establishment is considered
having a form al plan if it established at least the minim um number o f days sick leave available
plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.
loyee.
Such

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in San Diego, Calif.,1 November 1974
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

e m p lo y m e n t
In d u s t r y d i v i s i o n 2
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ied
T o t a l4

S tu d ied
N u m b er

P ercen t

F u ll-t im e
p la n t w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o ffic e w o rk e r s

T o t a l4

A ll d i v i s i o n s ____________________________________

.

719

129

1 7 1 ,8 4 2

100

9 3 ,7 8 6

3 2 ,4 1 5

9 4 ,3 4 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 _________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------- ----------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e --------------S e r v i c e s 8__________________________________________

50
-

173
546

36
93

6 3 ,5 8 3
1 0 8 ,2 5 9

37
63

3 5 ,0 1 2
5 8 , 774

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2 3 ,5 7 4

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5 1 ,9 5 9

50
50
50
50
50

29
61
236
80
140

12
7
29
12
33

1 6 ,6 3 4
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12

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1, 179
1 9 ,6 0 9
8 ,2 8 4
8 ,0 6 4

c>
(6 )
(6 )

1 T h e San D ie g o S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 97 4, c o n s i s t s o f San D ie g o C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh ow n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w ag e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the
p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u str y d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " p u b l ic u t il it i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d . San D i e g o 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n i c ip a l ly o p e r a t e d
and is e x c l u d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f
da ta is n o t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e e n ou g h data t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) the s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in it ia l ly t o p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ff ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a te t o p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s f o r
" a l l in d u s t r i e s " in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f da ta is n ot m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6.
8 H o t e ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l ig i o u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

I n d u s t r ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u fa c t u r in g
L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t co v e r a g e
O v e r o n e - t h i r d o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e San D ie g o a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s

T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t_______ 29
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p l i e s __________________________ 20
O rH nanrfl and a r r A S B o r ie s
15
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 10
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c t s __________________________
6
P r in t in g and p u b l is h i n g _________
6

A i r c r a f t and p a r t s ------------- __ 21
O r d n a n c e _______________________ . . 15
O f f i c e and c o m p u t in g
m a c h in e s
9
Ship and b o a t b u ild in g
and r e p a i r i n g -----------------------8
C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u ip m e n t —
6

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a jo r i t y o f th e
w o r k e r s in th e r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 4 :
P la n t w o r k e r s

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p il e d b e f o r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh ow n in th e a p p e n d ix t a b le .




A l l in d u s t r i e s ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s __________________

O ffic e w o r k e r s

57

jq

£>9
88

27

4

An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f su c h w o r k e r s a re c o v e r e d b y a l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s th a t e it h e r d o n o t h a v e
la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s th a t a p p ly t o f e w e r than h a lf o f t h e ir
p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s . E s tim a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f th e e x te n t t o w h ic h
a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s ,
b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a re e x c l u d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y i s li m it e d .

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d iff e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le j o b co n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a i* y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b il li n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k
in c id e n t a l t o b il li n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g ban k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i fy in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a th e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i fy in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u tom a ted
a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
a d d in g m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s and
s h ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot be c o m p u t e d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a
l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e
(b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a c h in e
a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u l a t e s f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t i c a ll y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m
u n i fo r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l ip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h
r e l a t e s t o the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a cc o u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith
e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r t y p i c a ll y b e c o m e s fa m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u i r e d t o h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .
P o s it i o n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on the b a s is

o f the fo llo w in g

d e fin it io n s .

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e
th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e
and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p li c a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n tin g a c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

(w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d

of

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d ‘ e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a cco u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M a y
p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a se t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l ,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d un d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e ­
c e p t io n i s t ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m ; and t o o l and die m a k e r a re b e in g in t r o d u c e d t h is y e a r .
T h e y a r e th e r e s u lt o f th e B u r e a u 's p o l i c y o f p e r io d ic a l ly r e v ie w in g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l
d e s c r i p t i o n s in o r d e r t o ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n t s and to c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o
th a t t h e y a r e m o r e
r e a d i ly u n d e r s t o o d and u n ifo r m ly in t e r p r e t e d .
E ven th ou g h th e r e v i s e d
d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y th e s a m e o c c u p a t io n s as p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g c h a n g e s
m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f th e r e v i s i o n s .
T h e n ew s in g le l e v e l
l e v e l s p r e v i o u s l y d e fin e d .




d e s crip tio n

fo r

s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r

is the

e q u iv a le n t

of

th e

tw o

C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t in g t o l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t if ic a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it i v e r e c o r d s o r a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and co d in g
d o c u m e n t s u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b l is h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the b a s is
o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l is h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e t h is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l

L is t e d b e lo w
a re
s t e r e o t y p e s in th e t it l e s :

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l su c h as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l
filin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tt e r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith the f i le s .
M ay
fi le c l e r k s .

r e v is e d

o c c u p a t io n a l

t itle s

in t r o d u c e d

t h is

year

to

e lim in a t e

R e v is e d t it le

F o r m e r title

D r a ft e r
D r a fte r -tr a c e r
B o ile r te n d e r

D r a ft s m a n
D ra fts m a n -tr a c e r
F ir e m a n , s t a t io n a r y b o il e r

se x

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y s i m p l e (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s
o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fi n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r f o r m
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l th a t h a s a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s il y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r
n u m e r i c a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i ly a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

N ot a ll p o s it io n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
p o s it i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in it io n a r e as f o l l o w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do not m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l "

b.

c.
S te n o g r a p h e r s
m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

secreta ry

a s s is ta n ts

to

a

con cep t d e s crib e d

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y da ta on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t in g
c a lc u la t e d da ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g d a y s , t i m e ,
r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s du e. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r
in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
o r on ta p e .
P o s it i o n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on the b a s is

E x a m p le s o f

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n ot fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l t y p e d u t ie s ;

above;

g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e
s t a n t ia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s i b le th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a ll y .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out am o r d e r
s h e e t lis t in g th e it e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n t it ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t
t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l lo w up
o r d e r s t o s e e that th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o i c e s
w ith o r i g in a l o r d e r s .

ca rd s

■ E xclusions

t e c h n ic a l,

or

r o u t in e o r s u b ­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i ff ic u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l ,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a re n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l
w ork .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in it io n s f o l lo w i n g , r e f e r s t o t h o s e
o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r c o m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s .
T he t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o q s n ot in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify s u c h p o s it i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

a lp h a b e t ic a n d / o r n u m e r i c da ta on ta b u la tin g

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r tha n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .

3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o f a m a jo r
o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a co m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo l lo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e k e y p u n c h w o r k . M a y t r a in
in e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o r k i s r o u tin e and r e p e t it i v e .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo l lo w i n g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo l lo w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
co d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M ESSEN GER

segm ent

C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r tha n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s su c h as ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s
s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a i l , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e
p o s it i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t du ty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t ,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a ll y t o on e in d iv id u a l..
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
W o r k s f a ir ly in d e p e n d e n t ly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t ie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s ro u tin e i n q u i r e s ,
and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s in s t r u c t e d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v i s o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a t u r e and d i ff ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e and u n d e rs ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s

r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .




etc.

( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l o f

C la s s C
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t t o
on e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e f in it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a ll y n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t s
w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r t w o ; <
jt

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r ­
s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa c to r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t ,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll , fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa c to r y ,

e tc.

( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f

C la s s D
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o the
a bou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any co m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r tha n s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )

STEN O G RAPH E R

T A B U L .A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

P r i m a r y du ty is t o t a k e d ic t a t io n u s in g sh o r th a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d i n g s ( i f p r i m a r y du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m
r e c o r d i n g s , se e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l) .

O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s . A l s o e x c lu d e d
a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e E A M eq u ip m e n t.

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d is t in g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a ll y w o r k s
in a c o n f id e n t ia l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b le and
d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin it io n .

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v is in g d iff ic u lt
c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e pla n n in g o f th e n a tu re and
s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n ew
o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r t r a in in g l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in
th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b il it y i s li m it e d t o s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

S te n o g ra p h e r , G e n e r a l
D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M a y m a in ta in

file s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
rep orts

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u l a r y su ch a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u i r in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b il it y
tha n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo l lo w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s t h is
k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s a n d r e s p o n s i b le c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b li n g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m
g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u t in g in c o m in g m a il ; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r iv a t e b r a n c h e x c h a n g e (P B X )
s y s t e m t o r e l a y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and i n t r a - s y s t e m c a l l s .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s ,
r e c o r d an d t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f ca d is p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a
t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (ty p in g o r ro u tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's t im e , and is u su a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at
th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n is t , se e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r R e c e p t io n is t .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b o th as an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w it c h ­
b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's w o r k in v o lv e s s u c h d u ties a s g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ;
d e t e r m in in g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r ' s b u s in e s s an d p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o
a p p r o p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n , o r c o n t a c t in g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and a r r a n g in g an
a p p o in t m e n t ; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it i o n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s i s

o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

G la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b l is h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u t in e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d iff ic u lt t a b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h as th e
t a b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be
r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .
C l a s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g
m a c h in e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y
in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e
o p e r a tio n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G rM A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as l e g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d ic t a t io n in sh o r th a n d o r b y
S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r t o m a k e out b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s
h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m il a r m a t e r ia ls f o r
u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , su c h as k e e p in g
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m aul.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y ll a b i c a t io n ,
p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r pla n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e
f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

G la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ;
o r r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c ; o r s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a rd t a b u la t io n s ; o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AN D TECHNICAL
COM PU TER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta c c c o r d i n g t o
o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
S tu d ie s i n s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and
o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t opt . “ *^g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l
c o n d it i o n s ;
r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s ca u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o
s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; an d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
progra m .

C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r run ning
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n
r u n s , t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u l a r ly r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li t t le o r n o t e s t in g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot b e
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e
a c t io n .
T h is u s u a lly in v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e ra to rs

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a re fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in i m iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t if ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f th e
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d i r e c t io n and g u id a n c e to
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly
p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i ff ic u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d iff ic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and a b ilit y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in ru n ning ro u tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a re r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g
e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la t io n o f da ta t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o l v e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d
flo w c h a r t s t o sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a c h in e t o f o l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r
adapt t o n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is
th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p rog ra m m ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s t o b e a c c o m p li s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r io u s s t e p s o f the p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u t in e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g
a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e f f ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in , a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
At t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i ff ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e se v e ra il in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s su c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in t s b e tw e e n
o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o da ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la t io n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d i r e c t io n t o

lo w e r l e v e l

prog ra m m ers

w ho a re

sy stem s

a n a ly s t s

a re c la s s ifie d

as f o l l o w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta and
m u lt i p l e - u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a l e s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p li c a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s
and f o r ob ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t io n t o l o w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d t o a s s i s t .
C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e r e l a t i v e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input da ta a re h o m o g e n e o u s and th e outpu t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s
s y s t e m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s .on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n
and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p li a n c e w it h i n s t r u c t i o n s , and t o in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g out a n a ly s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k il ls r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a
h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

G la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o
p r o d u c e da ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m in put d a ta w h ic h a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g
l e s s d iff ic u lt t a s k s a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d iff ic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f
s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o ro u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o
a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ;
o u t lin e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f fic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o
m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g (t y p i c a ll y t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and d a ta fl o w c h a r t s );
c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is
th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .




F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
that d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b l is h e d d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , and p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s
and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b li e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e
p osition ed , r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o li d a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c i n g w ith p en o r p e n c il .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t i n g o f
s t r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on
c o m b in a t io n o f th e
c o n s t r u c t i n g , and
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y

v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s b y p e r f o r m i n g on e o r a
fo l lo w i n g : I n s t a ll in g , m a in t a in in g , r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t o d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k il l t o put e q u ip m e n t in r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

C l a s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o l v e c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e
th a t . t y p i c a ll y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r l y in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s : A fa m il ia r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o ls and te s t in g
in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s or m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f
th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — i n c lu d e s , but is n ot li m it e d t o , th e fo llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g
and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig it a l and a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o ll in g e q u ip m e n t.

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s . M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r m e n o f su c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e
p r i m a r y du ty is
s e r v icin g
e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e n g in e e r s .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r ro u tin e t a s k s in w o rk in g
on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a l ly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk
t y p i c a ll y in v o l v e s su c h t a s k s a s : A s s is t i n g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r fo r m i n g su c h a c t iv i t ie s as
r e p la c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t;
and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g , , m u lt i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is n ot r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m il ia r w ith th e in t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in i n g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it io n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s is

o f the fo llo w in g

d e fin it io n s .

G la s s A .
A p p l ie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e u n u s u a lly c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e th a t t y p i c a ll y c a n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y
r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u fa c t u r e r s '
m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t .
E x a m p le s o f su c h p r o b l e m s
in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c r a d ia t io n ,
is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g
ch a n g es.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s in s ig n a l fl o w ; and r e g u l a r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts ' ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r
(fr e q u e n t ly
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n i c a l

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W o rk
is t y p i c a ll y sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w h en n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g i s t e r e d )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id t o th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ;
p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s and
h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ea lth
e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o t h e r a c t iv i t ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth ,
an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v is o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g
m o r e tha n on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .
g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

M AINTENA NCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k il le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r
g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k il l, s u c h as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; d e e m in g
w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n f in e d to s u p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a
f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a rd
s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s su c h as th e in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t
s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its ,
c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g
s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a
v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls an d m e a s u r i n g and te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the
m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it i o n in g .
W o r k in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t su c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t ,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g eq u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H ea d o r
c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .




M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than on e ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , e n g in e la t h e , m il li n g m a c h in e ) t o m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s ,
fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o rk t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m i n g
d i ff ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p li c a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; se ttin g
up m a c h in e t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a l l cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju st g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g t a b l e s , and o th e r
c o n t r o ls to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and
o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y of
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n t o a c h ie v e
r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g
and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , t o r e c o g n i z e w hen t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m , at the s k il l l e v e l c a ll e d f o r in t h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n r e q u i r e s
e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h c o n s id e r a b l e
o n - t h e - j o b t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , e m p l o y e d in t o o l - a n d - d i e jo b b in g s h o p s .

d o e s n ot

in c lu d e m a c h in e - t o o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : in t e r p r e t in g w r itte n
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls
and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l

p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g ,
f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g
s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r t h is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b li n g p a r t s iD to
m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a ll y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in
m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l ls , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f sin e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s th e
f o l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i ff e r e n t a p p l ic a t i o n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fi n is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pa in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r
p a in t in g r e d ie n t s t o o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e
p a in t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in t e n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s
m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b li n g
eq u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b li n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l in g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and li g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

re p a ir

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sh op s.

d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile

I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and p ip e f it t in g s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l lo w i n g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r i n g t o lo c a t e p o s it i o n o f
p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; t h r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d i e s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b li n g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa s t e n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s t a n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r fi n is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e
f o l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g
o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b t a in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g
the p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r se n d in g o f th e m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e sh o p
f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s
o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ;
r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r
o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m
t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , and d is m a n t le s and in s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
eq u ip m e n t w h en ch a n g e s in the p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g .s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , and
p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m il l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a ll y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s (s u c h
as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g ,
f o r m in g , sh a p in g , fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in
sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n - m e t a l l i c m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b l u e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r
w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u n d e rs ta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a ll o y s ;
s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
s h o p c o m p u ta tio n ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; u s in g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l it i e s ; fit t in g and
a s s e m b li n g p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a ll o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k
r e q u i r e s rou n d ed t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .

CU STO D IA L AND M ATERIAL M O VEM ENT
G U A R D AN D W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

G uard.
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k on
id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and il l e g a l e n t r y .

M akes

ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft ,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s
o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f
th e fo l lo w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t , fu r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g
s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fi n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c i fic a t i o n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n t o
f i ll in g o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i s it i o n
addition a d s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u tie s .
P A C K E R , SH IP PIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t up on th e t y p e , s i z e , amd n u m b e r o f u n its t o b e
p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , an d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s
in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f

stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and
sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

follows:

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments
of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures,
practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping
records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves:
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices,
or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged, goods; routing merchandise or
m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

TRUCKER, POWER
goods

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,

as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

WAREHOUSEMAN

TRUCK DRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment,
or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plantg, freight depots,
warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers'
houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor
mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road
drivers are excluded.

As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of
the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying materials (or
merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages;
routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in
accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials;
examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage
and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping and
receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order filler), or operating power trucks (see
trucker, power).

Area Wage Survey bulletins will be issued once every 3 years. These bulletins will contain information on establishment practices and supplementary benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years, supplements containing data on
earnings only will be issued at no additional cost to holders of the Area Wage bulletin. If you wish to receive these supplements, please complete the coupons below and mail to any of the BLS regional addresses listed on the back

cover of this publication. No further action on your part is necessary. Each year, you will receive the supplement when it is published.

Please send a copy of Supplement I to BLS Bulletin

Please send a copy of Supplement II to BLS Bulletin

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Name

Address

Address

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City and State

Zip Code

Available On Request—
th e B L S

T he fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u se in a d m in is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e
r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .

C on tract A ct o f

A l a m o g o r d o — a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
L
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x .
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A t la n t ic C it y , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a .— .C .
S
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B a t t le C r e e k , M ic h .
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u n -O r a n g e , T e x .
B i lo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
G
B ir m in g h a m , A la .
B o i s e C it y , Id a h o
B r e m e r t o n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk and S t a m f o r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t .—N .Y .
C ape C od, M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e — a s t o n ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo,
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . and H o p k in s v il le , K y.
C o l o r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a .—A la .
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
D oth a n , A la .
D uluth— u p e r io r , M in n .— is .
S
W
E l P aso, T ex.
E u g e n e —S p r in g fi e ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d .—C h a m b e r s b u r g ,
P a .—M a r t in s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d s d e n —A n n is t o n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d I s la n d — a s t in g s , N e b r.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , M on t.
G uam
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H untington—A s h la n d , W . V a .—K y .—O h io
K n o x v i ll e , T e n n .
L ared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L it t le R o c k —N o r th L it t le R o c k , A r k .
R e p o r t s fo r the fo llo w in g

s u r v e y s c o n d u c t e d in th e p r i o r y e a r but s i n c e d is c o n t in u e d a r e

E x p a n d e d t o an a r e a w a g e s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r
I n c lu d e d in W e s t T e x a s P la in s .

C o p ie s o f p u b lic

r e l e a s e s a r e o r w il l b e a v a ila b le at n o c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s

la s t f r o m any o f

L im a , O h io
L o g an s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in — l y r ia , O h io
E
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l.
L yn ch b u rg , V a.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S te. M a r i e , M ic h .
M e A lle n —P h a r r — d in b u rg and B r o w n s v i ll e —
E
H a rlin g e n —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e d fo r d — la m a th F a l ls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , an d O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b il e , A la . and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T e n n .
N ew B e r n — a c k s o n v il le , N .C .
J
N orth D ak ota
N o r w ic h — ro to n —N ew L o n d o n , C on n .
G
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a rd — im i V a lle y —V e n t u r a , C a lif.
S
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .— e .— a s s .
M
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ico
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — e n n e w ic k —W a lla W a lla —
K
P e n d le t o n , W a sh .—O r e g .
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o —O n t a r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a n d u sk y, O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r ie —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e rm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, La.
S iou x F a l l s , S. Dak.
S p ok a n e, W a sh .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—C on n .
S to c k to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T am pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
V a ll e jo — a i r f i e ld —N ap a, C a li f.
F
W a c o and K ille e n — e m p l e , T e x .
T
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a l ls , Io w a
W e st T e x a s P la in s
a ls o

a v a ila b le :
G ra n d F o r k s , N. Dak.
S a cra m e n to , C a lif*
San A n g e lo , T e x * *
W ilm in g t o n , D e l.—N .J .—M d .*

A b ile n e , T e x , * *
B i ll in g s , M o n t.*
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x *
F r e s n o , C a li f .*
*
**

1965.

1975.

S ee in s id e b a c k c o v e r .

T h e fo u r te e n th a nnual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d it o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n ta n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and
c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s i s a v a ila b le . O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1 80 4, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 3 , $ 1.05 a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l sa le s
o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 204 02 .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t a v a il a b l e b u lle t in s o r b u lle t in s u p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e li m it e d s t u d ie s c o n d u c t e d at th e r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a r d s A d m in i s t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .
B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts m a y be
o b t a in e d w ith o u t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1973 *.................................................................................................................................. 1 7 9 5 - 1 0 ,
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y . , S e p t. 1 9 7 4 _____________________________________________ S u p p l.
S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1974 2 ________________________________________________ ________ S u p p l.
A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a .— .J ., M a y 1974 2_____________________________________S u p p l.
N
A n a h e im -S a n t a A na—G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1974 1_________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 9 ,
A t la n t a , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 4 ________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
A u s t in , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 4 _______________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
B a lt i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 4 ..................................................................... ....................................................... S u p p l.
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2------- --------------------------- ---------------------- - S u p p l.
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u ly 1974 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 ,
B in g h a m t o n , N .Y .—P a . , J u ly 1974 ____________________________________ ______________________ S u p p l.
B i r m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________S u p p l.
B o i s e C it y , Id a h o, N o v . 1973 2______________________________ _________________________________ S u pp l.
B o s t o n , M a s s ., A u g . 1974 ____________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
B u f fa lo . N .Y ., O c t . 1974 ........................................................................................ ......................................... S u p p l.
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., D e c . 1973 2__________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1974 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -2 3 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a ., M a r . 1974 2------------------- ------------------------------------------ ----------------------------- S u p p l.
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1974 2____ ______________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t. 1974 ________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1974 1______________________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 - 2 7 ,
C in c in n a t t i, O h io - K y < -I n d ., F e b . 1974 1____________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -1 6 ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t. 1 9 7 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S upp l.
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ S u p p l.
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x . , J u ly 1974 1___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 ,
D a l la s , T e x . , O c t . 1973 2.................................................................................................................................. S u p p l.
D a lla s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 4 .---------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------S u p p l.
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I sla n d — o l in e , Iow a —111., F e b . 1974 1 ------------------ -------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -1 4 ,
R
M
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1973 _____________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
D a y ton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1974 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 1 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ S u p p l.
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . 1 3_________________________________________________ _____________ ____ —
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1974 2------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ S upp l.
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 4 _________________________________________________________________ — S u p p l.
D u r h a m , N . C . , D e c . 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 7 9 5 -9 *
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e — o lly w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m B e a c h , F la .,
H
A p r . 1974 ----------------------- ---------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ S u p p l.
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3 _________________________________________________________________ ____________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t. 1974 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 1 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1 9 7 4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u pp l.
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s t o n -S a le m — ig h P o in t , N . C . , A u g . 1974 1------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 2 ,
H
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1974 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u pp l.
H a r t f o r d , C on n . 1 3 _________________________________________________________________________ ____
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1974 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -2 2 ,
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1974 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -1 3 ,
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., O c t . 1974 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J an . 1974 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 7 9 5 -1 2 ,
J a c k s o n v il le , F la ., D e c . 1974 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ S upp l.
K a n s a s C it y , M o .— a n s . , S e p t. 1 9 7 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i ll , M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
H
L e x in g t o n — a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 4 _________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F
L it t le R o c k - N o r t h L it t le R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1973 2 ........................................................................... S u pp l.
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
L o s A n g e l e s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa A n a —G a r d e n
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1973 2------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1974 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 2 ,
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1973 2------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- S u pp l.
*
1
2
3

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




65 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
F ree
85 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
75 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
80 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
F ree
$ 1 .10
75 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
75 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
65 c e n t s
F ree
75 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
F ree
65 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
75 c e n t s
F ree
80 c e n t s
F ree
85 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
F ree
65 c e n t s
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
80 c e n t s
F ree
F ree

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

M e lb o u r n e — it u s v i ll e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1974 1 ____________________________________ _____ 1 8 5 0 - 5 , 75 ce n ts
T
M e m p h is , T erm ,— r k .—M i s s . , N o v . 1 97 4 ___________________________________________________ S u pp l.
A
F ree
M i a m i , F la ., O c t . 1974 ___________ ____________ _____________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J an . 1974 2____________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 4 __________________________________________________ __ ,____________ S u p p l.
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., J an . 1974 ___________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., June 1974 2________________________________________ S u p p l.
M
F ree
N a ss a u —S u ffo lk , N .Y . 1 3 ........................................................... ................................................................. .
N e w a r k , N .J . 1 3_.______ ________________________________________________________________________
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., J an . 1974 2________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
N ew H a v e n , C o n n ., J an . 1974 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
F ree
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , J an . 1974 1___________ ♦__________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -1 5 , 70 c e n t s
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N . J . 1 3 ___________ -_________________________________________________________
N ew Y o r k and N a s s a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 ________________________________________S u p p l.
S
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C . 3-------------------------------------------------------------N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
H a m p to n , V a ., J an . 1 9 7 4 ___________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1974 1 ______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 , 80 c e n t s
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1974 1_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 , 80 ce n ts
O m a h a , N e b r .—I o w a , O c t . 1974 1........................... - ....................... ............. -............—............ ............ 1 8 5 0 -1 0 , 80 ce n ts
F ree
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1974 _____________________________ _________________ S u p p l.
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N . J . , N o v . 1973 1________________________ ____ ___________________________ 1 7 9 5 -1 9 , 85 ce n ts
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , J une 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J an . 1974 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
F ree
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v . 1 97 4 __________________________________________________ »_______________ S u p p l.
F ree
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1974 1______________ _________________________ ________________ 1 7 9 5 -2 6 , 85 c e n t s
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . 1 3 ________________________________________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g sto n — e w b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 4 ____________________________________ S u p p l.
N
F ree
P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .— a s s ., M a y 1974 1_______________________________ 1 7 9 5 -2 4 , 80 ce n ts
M
R a le i g h , N .C ., D e c . 1973 1 2______________________ ___________________________ ______ _________ 1 7 9 5 -7 , 65 ce n ts
R a le i g h -D u r h a m , N .C . 3 ______________________________________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., M a r . 1974 1_________________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -2 5 , 80 c e n ts
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a l i f . , D e c . 1973 2_________________________________ S upp l.
O
F ree
R o c k f o r d , 111., June 1974 2_________________„_________________________________________ ________S u p p l.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r . 1974 _____________________________________
S u pp l.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f. 1 3 _________________________________________________________________________
S a g in a w , M ic h . 1 3 _____________________________________________________________________________
S a lt L a k e C it y , U ta h, N o v . 1974 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
F ree
San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1974 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -2 1 , 65 c e n ts
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1974 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 3 , 80 c e n t s
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1974 ________________________________________________ S u p p l.
O
F ree
San J o s e , C a li f ., M a r . 1 9 7 4 __________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
S a v a n n a h , G a ., M a y 1974 2____________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1973 1 2 ___________________________________
.1 7 9
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J an. 1974 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -1 7 , 65 ce n ts
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
F ree
S outh B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1974 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 7 9 5 -1 8 , 65 c e n t s
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J une 1 9 7 4 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
F ree
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1974 1____________________________ ..____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 ,
80 ce n ts
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1973 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
F ree
T am pa—
T o l e d o , O h io— i c h ., A p r . 1974 __________________________________________
M
S u p p l. F r e e
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S e p t. 1 9 7 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
F ree
W a s h in g to n , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1974 _____________________________________________________S u p p l.
M
F ree
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1974 2______________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1973 1 2_______ ______________________ ____ _____________________________ 1 7 9 5 -5 , 60 c e n ts
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1974 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -2 0 , 65 c e n t s
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1 9 7 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u p p l.
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1974 -----------------------------------------------------------S
Y ou n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1973 2____________________________________________________ S u p p l.
W
F ree

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D C. 20212

L A B 441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas




New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
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