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Area Wage Survey

The San Diego, California, Metropolitan Area
November 1969

San D ie g o

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -3 6




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

OK LA
VIRGIN ISLANDS

PUERTO RICO

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

*
**

Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Area Wage Survey
The San Diego, California, Metropolitan Area




November 1969

B ulletin

1660-36
April 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




C ontents

P r e fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e taile d data by s e le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n for each
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into (1) th e m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T ab les:
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d

2.

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d
str a ig h t-tim e h ourly e arn in g s for se le c te d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________

A t the e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s for each a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l of t h e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d into
one b u lle tin .
The se c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo rm a tio n w hich h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n i t e d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p ro v isio n s bien n ially.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , in N o v e m b e r 1969- T h e S t a n d a r d M e t ­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u of
th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f S a n D i e g o
C o u n t y . T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
of A d o l p h O. B e r g e r , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r
O p eratio n s.




1
5

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — o m e n ___________________________________
w
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n an d
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________

10
11
12

E st a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s:
B - l . M in im u m en tran c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en office
w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B - 2 . S h i ft d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________

13
14
15

B -6.
B-7.
A ppendix.

7
9

H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _____________________
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a n d f r e q u e n c y of

19

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________

21

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r.)

fo r other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in the S a n D i e g o a r e a
is a l s o a v a ila b le fo r s e l e c t e d la u n d ry and d r y cle an in g o c ­
c u p a t i o n s ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ).
U n i o n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of
p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r b uilding co n ­
s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

6




Area Wage Survey---The San Diego, Calif., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s exclu ded fro m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in clu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e . , th o se h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late s h ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t com p o site, areaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , altho ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lish m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g an d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of the
fo llow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
Th e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
of t h e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of the s t u d y an d not th e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( i n th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
r e l a t e to p l a n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo rc e a r e exclu d ed .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d the p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - Z ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la t e - sh ift h o u rs a r e p aid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed uled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p en sio n
p l a n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
S u m s of i n d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ay s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The f ir s t

p a r t of th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o l i d a y s t o sh o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s n ot i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of th e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
t h o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its beyond b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . Su ch p la n s in clu de t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y an d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
fo r this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
i f th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t of t h e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to t h a t t y p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In fo rm atio n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
How­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n ly if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of th e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n of w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
su rg ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete or p a r t ia l paym en t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u c h p l a n s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r i t t e n by c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
this p u r p o se .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s th a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 1s l i f e .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
c e n t i v e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u al w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a id a b o v e o r b elow the s in g le r a te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , the q u a l i f i c a t i o n s of the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e lo w i n c i d e n c e of s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h u n it of o u tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n of a j o b in l e s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n of a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e rce n tag e .
D ata
table B -7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1969
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y ^

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

A ll d iv isio n s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
____ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________—
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------R pfa.il f r a dp
_
_
_
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
__ ____
S e r v i c e s 8 _____ _________

_

S tu d ie d

T o ta l4
P ercen t

O ffic e
T o t a l4

486

97

131,525

100

82,292

20,925

79,376

50
-

122
364

28
69

5 7 , 841
73, 684

44
56

34,023
48,269

8 , 748
12,177

43,939
35,437

50
50
50
50
50

24
39
168
51
82

11
6
20
9
23

13, 153
4, 67 8
32,953
9, 032
13 , 8 6 8

10
4
25
7
10

7,906
(6)
(6 )
(7)
(6 )

2, 905
(6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

12,064
1,211
10, 961
4, 605
6,596

1 T h e S a n D ie g o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f S a n D ie g o C o u n ty . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s t u d y "
e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 196 7 e d it i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d . S a n D ie g o * s t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n ic i p a ll y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c l u d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
of d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s not
d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
* W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8
H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t o n e - h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e S a n D ie g o a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e rc e n t of a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u str y g ro u p s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t .
O rd n an ce and a c c e s s o r i e s .
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s ___________________
F o o d an d k in d re d p r o d u c ts
A p p a r e l a n d o th e r t e x t i l e
p r o d u c t s —----------------------P r i n t i n g a n d p u b li s h in g ___

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
42
23
10
6

A ir c r a f t an d p a r t s
_ ___ ______36
- .2 3
O rd n an ce
— __ _
C o m m u n i c a t io n e q u ip m e n t——
___7
S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g a n d
r e p a i r i n g --------------------------- ___6

5
5

T h is i n f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 1 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u se h ig h er-pay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women): O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-m achine
Electrician s
operators, class B
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
M achinists
C lerks, accounting, classes
M echanics
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file , classes
M echanics (au tom otive)
Painters
A , B, and C
A and B
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
P ipefitters
Clerks, order
C lerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die m akers
C om ptom eter operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
U nskilled p lan t (m en):
A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Jan itors, porters, and clean ers
O ffice boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m a teria l handling

1

Indexes of earnings referred to in this standard text are published for m ost areas but not
San D iego becau se the area was not surveyed in the base y e ar of the index series.




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
of c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
in the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6
T a b l e 2.

P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e in S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d
O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
O ffice
clerical
( m e n an d
women)

Item and p e r io d

In dustrial
nurses
(m e n and
women)

S k illed
m a in ten a n ce
trades
(m e n )

M an u factu rin g
U n sk ille d
p lan t
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
women)

S k illed
m a in ten a n ce
trad es
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m e n )

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
4 .2
5 .2
3.6
3.3
4.1
3.2
3.2

4 .9
6 .2
2 .5
3.2
3.5
4.1
4 .6

5.2
12.0
7 .8

.4
7.5

7.3
6.8
4.1
4 .6
4.8
3.5
3 .4

5 2 .1

3 9 .9

30.1

3 2 .7

1 9 6 9 ------1 9 6 8 ------1 9 6 7 ------1 9 6 6 ------1965 ----1 9 6 4 -----1 9 6 3 ------

5 .9
6.1
3.3
3.9
2 .8
3.6
3.1

5 .5
11.6
8.3

S e p t e m b e r 1962 to N o v e m b e r 1969 ------

3 2 .5

Novem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber

1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962

to
to
to
to
to
to
to

N ovem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber

1 D a t a do not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




(\)
( X)

(?)
( X)
0
8.5

7.4
6.5
3.8
4.0
5 .0
3.7
3 .4

( X)
7 .8
5.1
3.5
1.1
4 .8
4 .3

5 2 .1

3 9 .2

( X)

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , S a n D ie g o , C a li f ., N o v e m b e r 1969)
W eekly earnings *
(standard)
N um ber

O c cu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isi'

woriters

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - ti m e w ee kl y e a r n in g s of—
s

Average
w eekly

( standard)

$
65

M ean2

M ed ia n 2

M id d le range 2

$
70

$
75

S
80

52
36

$
$
$
$
4 0 . 0 1 0 8 .0 0 1C3.50 1 0 1 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 . 0 0
4 0 .0 1 03.50 102.50 1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

BO u K K tcP IN G -M A C H IN E OPERATORS*
C L A S S 0 ------------------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

57
46

40.0
40.0

C L t R K S . A CCOU NT IN G* C L A S S A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------o L E R K S * A C C O U N T IN G . C L A S S B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

85

115

130

$
135

*
140

$
150

$
160

S

$
170

180

190

135

140

150

160

170

180

"

-

“

-

l
1

1
1

33
33

-

“

6

“

“

1
“

~

~

-

~

8
i

-

“

“

~

_

_

_

*

-

“

13
13

5
5

11
11

19
15

9
2

_
-

-

-

8
8
*

36
a
28

44
16
28

11
2
9

22

58
31
27

10
7
3

24
2
22

9
3
6

36
31
5

5
1
4

1
1

-

-

-

15

30
30

35
8
27

46
8
38

27
18
9

56
15
41

18
16
2

28
3
25

5
2
3

6
5
1

7
7

11
11

i
i

1
1
~

_
-

-

-

“

-

-

1

3
1
2

2
i
i

2
2

18
15
3

7
6
i

13
11
2

4
4

-

-

2
2

35
35

-

_

-

49
49
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

272
95
177

39.5
99.50
99.50
4 0 .0 1 0 7.00 104.50
39.5
95.50
94.00

9 0 .00-107.50
97.00-122.00
8 7 .50-103.50

-

-

-

-

1

1

78.50

74.00

84.00

10

10

1

7

1

2

-

-

108.50
132.50
104.00

101.00-134.00
105.00-139.00
99.00-1 1 0 .0 0

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
-

5
-

n
6

5

5

13
13

4
4

5

26
7
19

103.50
122.00

113.00
136.00

82.00-137.00
112.00-138.00

21
9

_

1
1

i
i

_
*

1

7
7

28d
22 4
61

4 0 . C 123.00 131.00
4 0 . 0 1 2 8 . 50 1 3 2 . 5 0
4 0 .0 103.00
99.00

107.00-134.50
124.00-137.00
9 6 .50-107.50

2
2

12
8
4

40
7
33

11
7
4

15
8
7

150
76
74
32

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

107.50
115.50
99.00
108.50

9 1 . 5 0 - 1 2 5 . OC
109.00-128.50
88.00-107.50
9 7 .00-120.00

14
3
11
4

13
4
9
3

8
2
6
2

12

4 0.0

190 o v e r

-

~

“

-

“

“

-

-

-

3

4 0 . C 115.50
4 0 .0 125.00
4 0 .0 108.00

8C

29

S E C R t T A R I E S . C L A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N u n MANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------

64
36
28

S E C R t T A R I c S . C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

40 .C

40.0
40.0

108.00
118.50
95.50
108.00

75.50-

87.50

82.50

81.50

4 0 .0 134.50
4 0.0 139.00
4 0 .0 130.00
4 0.0 150.50

135.00
145.50
128.00
150.50

118.00-149.00
125.50-152.00
116.5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
140.50-166.00

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

159.50
163.50
154.00

154.00
154.50
150.00

203
63
140

4 0 .0 146.00
4 0 .0 154.50
4 0 .0 142.00

147.00
160.50
135.00

129.00-164.50
134.5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0
126.0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

46 9
198
271
26

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

133.00
140.00
127.50
139.50

135.00
141.00
127.00
142.50

118.00-150.00
128.50-159.50
116.0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
134.00-150.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

576
383
193

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

129.00
133.50
120.50

129.50
141.50
119.50

114.50-146.50
116.00-148.00
108.50-133.00

~

2

-

-

-

1C

-

-

-

_

-

*

-

-

-

_

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
8
-

19
1
18
3

4
8
7

-

_

-

-

5
1
4

4

29
28
1

10
8
2

97
95
2

11
11

2

13
n
2
1

16
n
5
5

4
3
i
1

25
19
6
6

12
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

87
37
50

275
191
84
15

140
93
47
13

94

22
11
11

9
9
“

2

5

6

7

5

i

1

i

-

-

-

-

-

9

i

38

-

-

-

8
I

-

-

10
i
9

46
19
27

62
27
35

77
49
28
2

2

~

_

-

-

-

-

”

-

-

39
31
8
2

13

ii

5

5

8
6

6

15
3
12

6
6

4
4

“

~

4
3
1

-

1

-

-

149
35
1 14

55
16
3*
-

103
46
57
4

103
51
52
2

2

1

1

2

1

1

28
3
25

i
i
-

19

33

5

u

5

38
19
19

7

-

20
6
14

9

13
20

17
7
10

19

-

i
8

5

57
4
53

26
9
17

34
15
19
4

34
18
16

58
24
34
3

58
21
37
11

64
34
30
6

40
33
7

14
14

64
28
36

26

49
31
18

35

24
13
11

178
152
26

47

15

44
3

1

~

148.00-168.00
149.00-174.00
146.50-163.50




s

S

130

-

1.312
6 80
632
57

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of tab le .

125

125

-

----------------------------------

G IR LS

120

120

-

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

uFFICt

i

115

-

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S 8 —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N u N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

110

no

“

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

i

$
105

105

107.50-132.00
109.00-142.00
106.50-130.00

55

$
10 0

10 0

121.00
123.00
118.00

t OMPTOMt T LR O P E R A T O R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

$
95

95

4 0 .0 120.50
4 0 .0 123.50
4 0.0 113.50

69.50-

*

90

264
117
147

34

CLASS

80

8 6 .5 0 - 99.00
84.50- 97.00

115
51
64

FILL*

75

95.00
92.50

B ---------------

CLERKS*

90

and

92.50
90.50

C L E R K S . P A Y R O L L ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

*

and
u nde r
70

B J J K K L z P I M G —MA CH I NE O P E R A T O R S *
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

85

_

-

-

1

u

27

_

-

_

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

_

2

2
22
7
15

19
7
12

14
4
10

20

14
4
10

27
12
15

45
23

57
49

-

1
-

-

-

-

I
-

i
-

7
1

“

i

i

6

1

-

3

-

3

20
-

2

22

8

6

20

IS

-

20

5
-

55

39
8

8

2

-

-

-

“

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Women— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv isio n , S an D ie g o , C a li f ., N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

of

workers

(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

Average
weekly

$
65

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

338
159
179

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

459
344
115

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

82
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

149
140

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

149

4 0 .0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

253
98
155

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

97

n n
4 0 .0

11

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

*

$
$
9 9 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

75

80

S

S
85

90

95

100

105

lie

115

120

125

130

135

$

$
140

s
1 d0

lc C

170

*

S
180

and
u n d er
70

$
$
1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0

70

$

-

190
and

75

80

85

90

-

~

3
3

-

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

15

38

44
10
34

42
6
36

20
7
13

2
1
1

9
5
4

17
13
4

20
20

33
33

-

38

36
5
31

59
59

15

-

-

-

3

33
25
8

34
25

13

20
2
18

13
4
9

30
14
16

40
18
22

144
142
2

93
93

_
~

9

14
6
8

2
1

4
1

16
16

2
*

4
4

i
i

14
14

2
2

12
12

4
4

-

-

-

“

-

“

“

1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0 - 1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0

-

1

2

2

1

-

~

2

2

3

17
7
10

1 1 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

_

-

1

4

8

2

“

8

-

10
2

8 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
7 4 .5 0 - 9 7 .5 0

6
6

31
31

22
22

29
28

13
10

3
3

13
11

13
11

4
4

6
6

3
2

2
2

9 2 .5 0

9 3 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

18

-

9

17

3

11
8

14

19

15

2

"

12

15

17
6
ii

14
5
9

21
10
11

35
1
34

11
2

24
9
15

25
16
9

21
8
13

10
7
3

28
25
3

1
1

9

36

61
14
47

25
8
17

26
5
21

13
4

15
8

2

6

14

-

-

-

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

15

22
8
14

190 o v e r

170

1

*

40
13
27

160

18

1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 6 .5 0
on nn
9 8 .5 0

Q,

9 5 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

nn

9 4 .5 0

-

17
_
-

-

-

24
26

8 5 .0 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0

24

-

-

37
15

77
10
67

11

8

5

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the ra te sh ow n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a te show n. T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than
the h ig h e r ra te .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4
M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




9
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S an D ie g o , C a li f ., N o v em b e r 1969)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eekly e a r n in g s o f
S

Average
w eekly
hours1
( standard)

ccu patio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

t
100 110

$

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

t
130

t
140

$
15C

i
160

t
170

t
180

t
190

t
200

i
210

t
220

S
230

t
240

S
250

(
260

»
270

«
280

t
290

t
300

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24C

230

260

270

280

290

300

310

and
u n der
110

CO M PU TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

S
120

1 4 7 .0 0 1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0

C O M P UT E R p r o g r a m e r s .
B U S I N E S S . C L A S S A -----------------

$
$
1 2 7 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 -

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0

120

25
25

2 1 7 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0

C O M P UT E R P R O G R A M E R S .
B U S I N E S S . C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 0 .5 0 1 7 4 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0 1 8 3 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0 1 6 8 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0 1 7 2 .0 0 1 6 6 .0 0 -

1 9 4 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

C OM P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S .
B U S I N E S S . C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

4 0 .0 2 5 0 .5 0 2 5 2 .0 0
4 0 . 0 2 4 6 . 5 0 2 5 0 .0 0

2 3 4 .5 0 2 3 2 .5 0 -

2 7 2 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0 -

2 1 7 .0 0

C O M P UT E R S Y S T E M S
B U S IN E S S . CLASS

ANALYSTS.
B ----------------

1

11

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

327
275

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 0 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0

1 9 5 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0

1 7 9 .5 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 1 9 8 .0 0

35
34

36
34

32
28

158
146

D R A F T S M E N . C L A S S 8 ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

135
95
40

4 0 . 0 1 5 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 4 4 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 6 2 .0 0 -

1 6 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0

27
17
10

11
4
7

15
1
14

1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0 -

1 3 4 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

N U R SE S. INDUSTRIAL (R E G IS T ER E D !
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0 1 5 4 .0 0 -

1

1

D R A F T S M E N . C L A S S C ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

8

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1

27
19

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rkw eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
to th e se w eek ly h o u rs.
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e foo tn o te 2, ta b le A - 1.




and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d

10
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv isio n , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f ., N o v e m b e r 1969)
Average

Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

OCCUPATIONS

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

i___________ i _

O FFICE

Number
of

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Average

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

52
36

57

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 08.00
1 0 3.50

SECRETA RIES3 -

CON TINU ED

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

$
1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 3.50
1 59.00

SE C R E T A R IE S. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

69

SE C R E T A R IE S. CLASS 8
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

203
63
19G

90. 0 196 .0 0
9 0 .0 1 5 9.50
9 0 .0 1 92.00

36
28

C L E R K S . A C C O U N T IN G . C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N G . v M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

279
1 23
151

4 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 2 2 . OC
1 2 4 . 5C
1 1 9 . 5C

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

969
198
2 71
26

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 33.00
1 90.00
127.50
139.50

C L E R K S . A C C O U N T IN G . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

279
98
1 81

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

100 .0 0
1 07.50
9 6 . 5C

SE C R E T A R IcS . CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

576
383
193

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 29.00
133 .5 0
120.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G EN E R A L
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NON MANUFACTURING —

338
159
179

119.00
129.00
100.50

959

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

---------

1 22

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---N U NM A N U F A C T U R I N G

58

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------O F F I C E B O Y S AND G I R L S ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S 3------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NONMANUFACTURING PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S

55
285
229
61

STENOGRAPHERS.

4 0 .0
9 0.0

1 08.50
122.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

82
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
9 0 .0

12 3 .0 0
1 2 8.50
1 0 3.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

199
1 90

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 6 . 50
86 .0 0

SW ITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

19 9
31
1 18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
92.0 0

27
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

163.50
163.50

11 9 .0 0
1 2 9.00

151
76
75
33

9 0 .0
9 0.0
4 0 .0
9 0.0

107.50
115.50
99 .0 0
108.50

59
38

4 0 .0
9 0.0

87 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

1 .312
680
632

9 0 .0
4 0.0
9 0 .0
4 0.0

139.50
1 3 9.00|
130.00
1 5 0.50

57

SENIOR

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NON MANUFACTURING —

TA BULATING-MACHINE OPERATO RS.
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------TABULATING-M ACH IN E O PERA TO RS.
C L A S S 8 -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

399
115

92

25

o o

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

80

1 1 6.50
12 5 .5 0
1 08.00

o o

C OM P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
9 0 .0

^ *

PAYROLL

c o

CLERKS.

59

78.50

o o

OR OE R

39

o

CLERKS.

3

o
o

CLASS

o

FILE.

't

CLERKS.

o o o

92.5 0
90 .5 0

o

40. 0
40-0

o

96

o o o

B O O K K E E P I N G —MA C H I N E O P E R A T O R S .
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

O

BO O K K EtPIN G-M A CH IN E OPERATO RS,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

O

63

$
87.50

CO N TI NU ED

1 27.00
1 3 1 .5 0
11 5 .0 0
1 14.00
120.50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

259
1 09
155

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
1 10.50
1 19.00
1 09.50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

3 73
97
276

9 0.0
4 0 .0
9 0.0

89 .0 0
98 .5 0
85.50

CO M PU TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S 8 ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

93
60
33

4 0 .0
9 0.0
3 9 .5

196.50
156.00
129.50

C OM P U T E R

B I L L E R S . MA C H I N E ( B O O K K E E P I N G
M A C H I N E ! -----------------------------------------

C ------

32

9 0 .0

1 27.00

C OM P U T E R P R U G R A M E R S .
B U S I N E S S . C L A S S A ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

39
30

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

23 0 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0

1 08
70

4 0 .0
9 0.0

177.50
189.00

C O M P UT E R P R O G R A M E R S .
B U S I N c S S , C L A S S C ------------------------------

33

4 C .0

15 6 .5 0

C O M P UT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S .
B U S I N E S S . C L A S S A -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

53
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

25 0 .5 0
2 9 6 .5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OC CU PA TIONS

OPERATORS.

CLASS

C O M P UT E R P R U G R A M E R S .
B U S IN E S S . CLASS B M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

CO M PU TE R S Y S T E M S
B U SIN E SS. CLASS

ANALYSTS.
B ---------------

31

9 0.0

2 0 8 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

339
287

9 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 0.50
187 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, C L A SS B ■
MANU FACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

14 5
10 9
91

4 0 .0 1 5 0.50
4 0 . C 144 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 67.50

D R A F T S M E N . C L A S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

1 01
71

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

12 1 .0 0
1 13.00

N U R SES. INDUSTRIAL (R E G IS T ER E D ) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

36
35

9 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 2.00
1 6 2.00

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r which e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w eekly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilitie s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




and the e a r n in g s

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 969)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho ur ly e a r n in g s of—

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1

s
3.20

umber

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n
o ik e r s

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

71
52

$
4 . 26
4.23

$
4.31
4.32

$
$
4 .1 1 - 4.3 6
4 . 14- 4 . 3 6

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

222
152

4.65
4.53

4.72
4.55

4 .4 8 - 5.01
4 .4 3 - 4.7 4

STATIONARY ---------------

118

4.28

4.26

4.21-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------

47

4 . 54

4.57

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
I M A I N T E N A N C E ) ----------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

165
133
32
30

4.61
4 . 64
4 . 46
4.48

4.21
4 . 17
4.54
4.54

4 .1 1 - 5.81
4 .0 9 - 5.83
4 .4 3 - 4.58
4 .4 8 - 4.5d

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

238
195

4.26
4 .27

4.33
4.32

4 .2 4 - 4.37
4 .2 5 - 4 .36

S
$
.90 4.00 4.10

MAINTENANCE ---------------

66

4.15

4.08

3.96-

PLUMBERS. MAINTENANCE --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

67
o2

4 .27
4 .28

4.29
4.29

4 .2 3 - 4.35
4 .2 4 - 4.35

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

294
29 4

4.58
4 . 58

4.59
4.59

3.70

-

-

4

3
-

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

3
-

1
2
3
4

4.22

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b le A - l .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 5 . 8 0 to $ 5 . 9 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




S
*
s
$
4.30 4 .4 0 4 .50 4 .6 0

. 80 3 . 9 0

f.o o

4 . 10 4 . 20 4 . 3 0 4 . 4 0 4 .

s
$
S
4 . 7 0 4 . 80 4 . 9 0

4 . 60 4 . 7 0 4 . 8 0 4 . 9 0

-

-

1
1

6
5

14
13

1

36
31

-

-

2

-

_

2

-

"

2
2

10
10

6
6

7
7

3
1

30
30

36
36

21

61

1

31

1

-

6

19
19
-

44
44
-

8
8
-

o
i

3

8
6

4
3

44
43

23

9

13

$
5.00

>
5 . 10

5.00

5.10

o v er

4

13

i

1
1

2
1
5
5

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

1

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

7
7
-

1
1
-

10
7
3
2

1
1
-

6
-

_

_

3

4

-

13
13

4

4

4.52- 4.74
4 .5 2 - 4.74

PAINTERS.

*
4.20

and
3 . 4 0 3 . 50 3 . 6 0

4 .5 2 - 4.7 3

ENGINEERS.

4.41

$
$
3 . 50 3 . 6 0 3 . 7 0 3 . 8 0

S

and
un der
3.30

CARPENTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

$
$
3.30 3 .40

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

2
2

h o lid a y s ,

“

-

an d la te

s h ift s .

i

-

-

-

-

54
54

1
-

6
1

57
-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

~

1
1

3

-

24

_
“

21
21
21

2
2
2

125
119

l

23
1

1
1

2
2

-

"

30
30

30
27

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

26
26

1o
1^

-

-

-

-

-

5

5

15

_
-

_
~

-

_
“

46
3 45
1
-

_
5

-

108
108

7
7

128
128

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 969)

N um be r of w o r k e r s r e c e iving s t r a i g h t - tim e hour ly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 2
$

Number

1.60

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n
workers

M ean3

Median 3

Middle range 3

i

t

1 .8 0 2.0C

2.20

%
$
2.40 2.60 2.80

1 • 80 2 . 0 0 2 . 2 0

2.40

2.60

5

-

5

“

28
27
1

25 5
21
234

31 9
4
315

$
$
3.00 3.20

s

t

$

S

S

4.40

4.60 4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 20 3 . 4 0 3 . 60 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0

4.60

4.80

5.20

5. 40 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 C

$
3.40

$

$

2.26
3 . 14
1.88

1.69
3.51
1.66

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

184

3 . 14

3.51

2.58-

3.57

-

-

20

JA N IT O R S. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1.519
290
1,229

2.41
2 .94
2.29

2.33
3.11
2.20

2 .0 6 - 2.75
2 .7 2 - 3.30
2 .0 3 - 2.57

8

70

176

34 5

-

-

-

345

44
20
24

8
7
1

13
4
9

19
3
16

30
18
12

83
79
4

26

70

63

2 . 59

2.62

2 .2 6 - 3.12

-

-

376

3 .49

3.71

3 .5 1 - 3.75

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

64
46

3.27
3 . 17

3 . 19
3.15

3 .1 1 - 3.65
3 .0 9 - 3.35

-

-

SH IPPING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

32
28

3.60
3 .63

3.63
3.64

3 .3 4 - 3.79
3 .4 3 - 3.95

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

39
36

3.30
3.30

3.51
3.53

2 .8 3 - 3.72
2 .8 1 - 3.73

_

TRUCKDRIVERS4 ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------------

88 9
446
443
238

4 .20
4.87
3.52
3.96

4.07
5.51
3.69
4.04

3 .4 9 - 5.51
4 .0 8 - 5.64
3 .0 3 - 4 .06
3 .8 4 - 4 .22

_
-

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONSI ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

103
51

3.16
3 .50

3.39
3.75

2 .4 5 - 3.75
2 .7 9 - 4.11

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------- —

232
93

4 . 16
4.21

4 . 16
4 . 14

4 .0 5 - 4 .26
4 .0 6 - 4.32

370
113

4.98
3.51

5.57
3.46

3 .8 8 - 5.65
3 .4 1 - 3.5 4

_

TRUCKERS. POWER (F O R K L IF T ) --------- —

100

3.58

3.68

3.54-

“

7

4

3

18

176
62
114

126
19
107

146
88
58

78
76
2

22

3

16

-

14

4

17

10

3

32

1

14

85

21 3

-

11
10

-

-

-

24
24

2
i

8
2

11
1

3
3

5
5

*

7
6

3
i

4
4

11
10

_

-

-

7
7

-

9
9

4
4

_

6
3

8
8

12
12

46
4
42
~

17
9
8
2

60
7
53
2

2
2
2

24
24
2

6
6
~

85
12
73
12

53
33
20
20

63
24
59
50

152
70
82
73

25

13
7

7
7

6
6

_
~

30
10

7
7

14
14
in
56

98
21

_

2
2

18
18

3
3

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

”

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TY PE! ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

176

27
165
20
145

18
1l

-

8

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING -----------

1
2
3

4
5

4
i
_

-

-

-

_

-

~

~

_

_

_

~

_

-

-

~

_

D a t a l i m i t e d t o m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e A - l .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e an d ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




s
$
5 .60 5.80

44
26
16

79

5.00

"

-

JA N IT O R S. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
IW0MEN1 --------------------------------------------

3.75

s

-

61 9
184
43 5

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

$
$
$
S
3.60 3 .8 0 4.00 4 .2 0

S

t

and
un der
1. 70

$
$
1 .6 4 - 3.22
2 .5 8 - 3.57
1 .6 3 - 1.69

*
1.70

~

_

_

_

_

“

i

_

~

“

_

23
23

_

11

10

67
67

2

9

67

3

101
21
80
75

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

-

_

.

“

_

91
91
~

-

18
18

86

“

151
151
-

151

18

-

-

-

_

5
5

13
B. E stablish m en t P ractices and Supplem entary Wage P rovisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

69

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ---------------------------------------------------

97

28

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m -----------------------

28

10

10

18

-

_

_

5

_
1

l

1

-

-

-

1
1

l
l

4
1
-

4
1
2
1

U n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------$ 6 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------$ 7 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------$ 7 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------$ 7 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ______________________________________
$ 7 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 _______________________________________________
$ 9 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 1 0 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 1 0 5 .0 0 a n d o v e r ----------------------------------------------------------------

1
5
1
5
2
2
1

-

15

15

25

22

1
6

-

2
1
1
1

1

4
2

4
1
5
-

3

-

-

8
2
2
1
2

-

2
1
1
1

3

2
1
1

-

1

1

-

XXX

3

XXX

9

XXX

48

XXX

48

1
1
2

1
1
2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ---------------------

4

i

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
i n t h i s c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------

65

17

-

3
-

-

3
-

5
2
1
1
-

-

-

-

1
2

1

1
“

3

XXX

6

XXX

10

XXX

38

XXX

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




2

2

1
1
2

1
2
2

-

-

1
“

-

4
4
5
2
1
1

3

1
2
2

-

2

-

-

-

4

-

3
-

1
“

-

XXX

40

3

-

69

-

-

XXX

40

16

2
1
1

-

-

A ll
sc h e d u le s

28

1

-

40

97

2
-

1

-

-

4
1

-

2
-

-

XXX

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

-

1

14




Table B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
( A ll p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s
fo r la te sh ifts

L a t e - s h i ft p a y p r o v isio n

S e c o n d s h if t

T o ta l.

____________________

___

—

_____

-

88.

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t --------------

88.

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g on l a t e s h i f t s

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

S eco n d sh ift

84. 4

19. 2

-

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t . _________

4

1

-

-

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

3. 1
-

4

84. 4

19-

2

3. 1

67. 7

11.0

15. 1

1. 1

T y p e an d am ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ____________ _______
c e n t s _____
__________ ______________
8 c e n t s ___________________ ________
____
1 0 c e n t s ________
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ ________________
_
____
1 2 V2 c e n t s _____________________________________________
14 c e n t s __________ ____________________________________
15 c e n t s _____________________ _______________________
16 c e n t s ______ ____________ _______
_____
_____
18 c e n t s ________________________________________
______
2 2 c e n t s ____________________ _ _________________
_
_
25 c e n t s _______________________ _________

6

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e ____________

______________

p e r c e n t _________________________________
12V percen t
2
_________________________ _

6

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _________
F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s
u n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ____ ______ ______
8 h o u r s p a y f o r l l/ z h o u r s ' w o r k
p l u s 1 0 c e n t s _______ _________________________
8 h o u rs p a y fo r 7 h o u r s ' w o rk
p l u s 15 c e n t s ___________________________________
8 h o u r s p a y f o r 6 V2 h o u r s ' w o r k
p l u s 8 c e n t s - _______________ _______ ______
8 h o u r s p a y f o r b l/ z h o u r s ' w o r k
p l u s 1 0 c e n t s ________________________
_______ 8 h o u r s p a y f o r 6 V2 h o u r s ' w o r k
p l u s 1 2 c e n t s _________ ~ _____________________
8 h o u r s p a y f o r 6*/2 h o u r s ' w o r k
p l u s 14 c e n t s ______________________________________
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________

1. 1

_

. 2

_

1.
4.
4.
1.

-

. 1
-

-

3
4
7
5

1.8

4. 3

-

9
5

.

.
.

1. 1
1 .9
1. 5

. 6

. 2

12. 2

-

-

1. 9
49. 9
1. 5
1.4

.

.4
-

.

-

-

4

5

. 1

4. 0

4. 0

.

.
1.

2. 2

.

-

7
5

2

2

1.8

. 2

3.

8

. 1

-

64. 2

2. 3

8

1.8

2. 3

14. 4
-

( 2)

(2)
-

•9

14. 4

1 4 .4

. 2
.

-

20. 3
“

5

-

. 2
1. 1

1 7 .9

-

3.

8

-

7.

8

1 .4

I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g ,
e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 05 p e r c e n t .

. 2

-

.9

1 .4

or

h a v in g

fo rm a l

. 1

. 1

p r o v isio n s

c o v e rin g

la te

sh ifts

15

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

U n d e r 35 h o u r s
3 5 h o u r s _____ — _____
____ ____
_______
3 7 V2 h o u r s ________ _____ __
_ ____ _
_
O v e r 37 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ______________________
40 h o u rs

O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ____ ___

___

_

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

4

-

1

-

-

92

100

96

3

-

1

( 5)
2
2
2
86

2
6

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

-

_

1
1

(5 )

_
_
_

99
-

1 S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

-

16

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s

________________ ___ _____________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
no p a i d h o l i d a y s ---- -------------------------------------

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

10 0

100

100

83

100

100

99

100

100

-

1

-

-

_

_
3
5
91

17

N um ber of days
5
6
6
7
7
7

h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
h o l i d a y s _________________________________ ______
h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
h o lid a y s ____________________ ___
___
___
h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ____________ ________
8 h o l i d a y s ____________ _____ ________
___
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _____
_______________
9 h o lid a y s _ ---------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ______________ ________ ___ ________

-

1
12
2
17
24
1
14
13

2
4
22
14
2
26
30

13
27
28
52
52
69
71
82
83

30
55
58
71
71
93
98
100
100

_
3
19
71
7

-

(4 )
8
(4 )
11
(4 )
(4 )
32
11
17
20

30
42

20
37
47
79
80
91
91
98
99

42
72
78
87
87
97
97
100
100

3
1
10

9
5

-

1
-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
10 d a y s ___
9 d a y s o r m o r e ---------- ----------------------------------8Vz d a y s o r m o r e . ___________________
— .. .
8 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------7 ‘/2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------— ---5 d a y s o r m o r e . ___ _____ - _______

1
2
3
4
5
an d no

_

7
7

78
78
97
97
100
100

_

1
1
92
92
97
97
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .




9 fu l l d a y s

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

_

____ ___

__

___

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

99
96
(5)
4

100
100
-

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

(5)

-

-

-

-

-

5
11
3

6
6
1

26
47
-

5
31
2

12
-

34
59
*

2
57
(5 )
31
6
4
-

30
50
12
8
-

85
2
11
3
-

1
22
64
11
2

11
62
26
-

60
40
-

-

-

6
7
77
7
4
-

14
64
14
8
-

94
2
3
*

( !)
(5 )
85
12
1
2

69
29
2

(5 )
99
-

-

-

68
29

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s —_________________ _________ __ —
L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym en t
P e rc e n ta g e paym ent
_
_ _
O th e r
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s
__
__
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A fte r 6 m o n th s of s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek— 1 w e e k _____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
___ ___ .
U nder 1 w eek _
1 w eek—
O ver 1 and u n der 2 w ee k s
2 w ^eks
O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 an d u n d er 4 w e e k s

_

______

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
___
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
__
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s

2
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek -O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w ee k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w ee k s

8

2
3

(5 )
85
12
1

3

100
-

-

-

2

-

-

4
85
7
4
*

78
14

96
2

68
29
3

100
-

-

3
-

85
12
1
2

-

-

4
63
11

63
20
18
-

75
16
7

58
35
7

92
-

4
1
85
7
4
-

-

78
14

96

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________

O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s

8

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w eeks
O v er 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




22

73
2

25
“

8

2
'

18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
_
_ _
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

4
32
63
(5 )
1

27
73

13
85
2
1

_
13
87
-

_
1
99
_

-

2
94
2
3

-

-

4
23
3
66
3
1

5
8
79
6
1

2
94
2
3

9
2
83
4
2

_
3
5
83
6
2

_
1
99
-

4
22
3
55
5
11

5
8
72
6
8

86
14

7
2
81
6
4

3
5
80
6
5

_
98
2

4
22
24
3
46
(5 )

5
29
8
58
-

19
-

7
36
6
50
(5 )

3
21
11
64
-

6
_
93

4
22
24

5
29

-

4
40
56

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __ —
_
2 w eeks
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eeks
____
_
_
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
_ __________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
____ ________
__ ________ _
1 w eev .
2 w eeks
_ —
O v er 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s
. 3 w eeks —
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
__ _
_
4 w eeks
—
_
_
— _
—
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
_ 2 w e e k s __ __ _______________________ _ — . .
3 w eeks
_,
O v er 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s
- _
4 w eeks
_
_ _ _
5 w eeks

,

77
3

1

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____ _ —
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s __ ____ ______
_ _____
5 w e e k s __ _

3

8

41
5

58
-

4
22
24

-

5
29

-

16
40
43

7

3

26
6
52
9

21

11

64
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e 7
1 w eek_
2 w eeks
__
_ _
3 w eeks
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
5 w eeks
.
. . .

3
39

8

8

58
“

.

16
14
69

7

26

6

52

9

3
21
11
64

4
-

40
56

______________________________
1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a li f y in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 3 0 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ' a r e i d e n t i c a l.




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P lant w o r k e r s
T y p e of ben efit and
fin an cin g 1

A ll w o rk e rs

_

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 2

____________________
ry p lan s
and d ism e m b e rm e n t
_
________

N on con tribu tory plan s
S ic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n c e or
sic k leav e or b o th 5
- - —

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99
77

100

91

100
57

89

100
42

67

______

88
81

100
31

85
60

93
84

99
8

65

79

79

95

98

98

8
4

11
7

28
2

14
1

9
2

35
-

41

65

37

81

97

42

100

-

______

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e —-------------N on con tribu tory p lan s
_
S i c k l e a v e (fu ll p a y an d no
w aitin g p erio d )
. . .
- ___ ___
Sick leave (p artial pay or
w aitin g perio d )
________
—
___
H o sp italizatio n in su ran ce
____
_____
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __________________________
S u rg ic a l in su ran ce
N on con trib u tory plan s
M e d ic al in su ran ce
_
___
_ - -----N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __________________________
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n c e
_
_ _____________
N on con tribu tory plan s
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ___________________________________
N on con tribu tory p la n s .

100

99

100
100

79
85

-

100

98

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g a t
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w ______________
L ife in su ra n c e
N on con tribu to
A c cid e n tal d eath
____
in su ran ce

M an ufacturin g

O ffice w o r k e r s

19

3

40

13

-

55

99
79
99
79
92
74
89
72
73
64

100
91
100

100
57
100
57
100
57
100
96
96
86

99
68

100

100
43
100
43
100
43
100
98
97
94

91
88
79
90
79
88
87

99
68
85
57
97
71
88
72

91
100
91
74
65
99
85
92
86

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l |p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s fin a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




20

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
an d fr e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, S a n D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v e m b e r 1969)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________

________

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
76
31
45

96
88
27
61

99
84
10
74

100
85
2
83

100
90
1
89

100
93
1
92

32

42

74

31

42

91

12

17

-

40

41

1

13
15

7
10

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
P a i d t i m e r a t e s ___________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ____________________________
S in g le r a t e __________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s --------------------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e _____________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v i e w ______________________________ ___
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w ____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y _________________________
P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s _______________________
P i e c e r a t e ______________________________________
I n d iv id u a l____________________________________
G r o u p ________________________________________
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ______________________________
I n d i v i d u a l___________________________________
G r o u p -------------------------------------------- -----C o m m i s s i o n ------------------------------------------------

2

-

8

16

4

(5 )
-

1
15
8
2
2

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

6

"

(5 )

60
31

89
11

9

-

-

-

-

7
-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F req u en cy of w age paym ent
W e e k l y _____________________________________________
B i w e e k ly ________________________________________ ___
S e m im o n t h ly _______ ________________ __ ________
M o n t h ly __________________________________________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y __________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

-

5
93
2

47
30
22

-

-

F o r a d e s c r ip t io n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n , s e e In tro d u c tio n .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s.
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




90

9
(5 )
-

show n

se p arate ly .

2
93
6

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t , th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e of b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s of s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by h and.

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

CLERK,

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n tan t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e l a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

ORDER

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s no t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t i o n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s no t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, ph one, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

21

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; an d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to be p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

22
KEY PU N CH

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tinu ed

O P E R A T O R — C on tinued

C la ss B.
U nder clo se
su p e rv isio n
o r fo llo w in g
sp e c ific
procedures
or in stru c tio n s,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e rate s a n u m e ric al an d /o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k ey p u n ch m a c h in e to k ey p u n ch tab u latin g c a r d s .
M ay v erify c a rd s.
W ork in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , fo llo w s s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h av e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il an d r e q u i r e little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
of d a t a to b e p u n c h e d .
P r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s item s o r c o d e s, m iss in g in fo rm atio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

of

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of
o ffic ia l) th at e m p l o y s , in a ll,

ch in e s

BOY

OR

G IR L

P e r fo r m s v ario u s routin e
such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s ,

d u tie s su ch
openin g an d

a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s ,
op eratin g
m in o r o ffice m a ­
d istrib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.

of

ste n o g rap h ic

and

typin g

w ork.

M ay a l s o p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n atu re and d ifficu lty.
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f -the o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
program s,
an d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k of th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th at a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
E x a m p le s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o not m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s i n w h i c h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e t h a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in the d e fin it io n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
is t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l d u tie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fi n it i o n s f o ll o w in g , r e f e r s to
th ose
o fficials w ho h ave a sig n ific an t c o r p o ra te -w id e p o licym ak in g
r o le w ith
regard
to m a j o r
com p an y ac tiv itie s.
T h e title " v ic e p r e s i d e n t ," th ough n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o le , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s .
V ice p r e s id e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
so n a lly on in d iv id u al c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t io n s (e .g ., a p p ro v e o r d e n y in d iv id u al loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s of a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f i n it i o n s .

C la ss A
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r ~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




(o r o th er e q u iv ale n t

level

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c le v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a st s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d .
In s o m e
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r

SEC R ETA R Y
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u al.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e an d h igh ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s of th e s u p e r v i s o r .
W orks fa ir ly in d e ­
pen den tly re c e iv in g a m in im u m of d e ta ile d su p e r v is io n and g u id an ce .
P e rfo rm s v aried c le rica l
and
s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t of th e f o llo w in g :
(a) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , an d i n c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , an d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u ir ie s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; (c) m a i n t a i n s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s

etc.

e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m anagem ent
s u p e r v i s o r of an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t o ften in v o lv in g
as m any
as several
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

O FFIC E

an in d iv id u al p lan t, fa c to r y ,
o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of
o fficial) th at e m p lo y s ,
in a ll,
C la ss

an in d iv id u al plan t, fa c to r y ,
fe w e r th an 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

re sp o n sib ility is
B , but w h ose su
a lly d iv id e d into
c o m p a n ie s, th is
tw o; o r
etc.

not e q u iv alen t
bordin ate staff
o rg an iz atio n al
le v e l in clu d es

(or o th er eq u iv alen t

level

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
ab out 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o£

of

a sm all

o rg an izatio n al

u n it

(e.g.,

few er

than

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia l is t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tive o ffic e r ,
or assistan t,
sk illed tech n ician o r ex p ert.
(N O T E ;
M any co m p an ies a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r th an s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o rk e r.)

STEN O G RA PH ER,

G EN ER A L

P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t i o n .
M ay
a l s o type f r o m w ritte n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th er re la tiv e ly
rou tine c le r ic a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e ra te f r o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
D o e s not in clu d e tr a n s c r ib in g m ach in e w ork.
(See tra n sc rib in g -m ach in e o p e ra to r.)

STEN O G RA PH ER,

SE N IO R

P r i m a r y duty is to
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p
hand or by Sten otype or s im
copy.
M ay a ls o set up and

tak e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M a y a l s o type f r o m w ritten
m ain tain file s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR

P e r f o r m s ste n o g ra p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g sig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s i ­
b ilit y th an s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h igh d e g r e e of
ste n o g ra p h ic sp e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w led ge of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s an d o ffice
p r o c e d u r e s an d of th e
sp e c ific b u sin e s s o p e ra tio n s, o rg an iz atio n ,
p o lic ie s, p ro c e d u re s, file s,
w orkflow , e tc.
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f ile s ; a s s e m b li n g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , le t t e r s ,
e tc.; c o m p o sin g sim p le le tte r s f r o m g e n e r a l in stru c tio n s; re ad in g and ro u ting in co m in g m a il; and
a n sw e rin g ro u tin e q u e stio n s, e tc.
D o e s not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

23
SW IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IST

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a rd , a c ts a s re c e p tio n ist and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m ro u tine c le r ic a l w o rk a s p a rt of re g u la r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e the m a j o r p a r t of th is w o r k e r ' s
t im e w h ile at
sw itch b oard .

O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

C la ss C .
O perates
sim p le tab u latin g o r e le c tr ic a l acco u n tin g m a c h in e s
su c h a s th e
sorter,
re p ro d u c in g
p u n ch , c o lla t o r , e tc ., w ith s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s .
M ay
in clu d e s im p le
w irin g f r o m d ia g r a m s an d s o m e filin g w o rk .
The w o rk ty p ica lly in v o lv es p o rtio n s of a w o rk
u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u al so r tin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O PERA TO R,

G EN ER A L

O PERA TO R

C la ss A .
O p e r a te s a v a rie ty of tab u latin g o r e le c tr ic a l acco u n tin g m a c h in e s, ty p ically
in c lu d in g
such
m ach in es a s
th e t a b u l a t o r ,
c alc u lato r,
in terp reter,
collato r,
and o th e rs.
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith ou t c lo s e s u p e r v i s io n , and p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w irin g a s re q u ire d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r tin g an d ta b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y of lon g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich often a r e of i r r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g type r e ­
q u ir i n g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n i n g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m in g ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s an d d a y - to day su p e rv isio n
of th e w o r k an d p r o d u c t io n of a g r o u p of t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s an d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d ia g ra m s.
The w ork ty p ically
in v o lv es,
for
ex am p le,
tab u latio n s
in v o lv in g
a
re p e titiv e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but s m a l l ta b u la tin g stu d y , o r p a r t s of a lo n g e r an d m o r e
co m p le x rep o rt.
S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d ie s a r e u s u a l l y of a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w ell e sta b lish e d .
M a y a l s o i n c lu d e th e t r a i n i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n of the m a c h i n e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e
d ic tatio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
tran scrib in g -m ach in e re c o rd s.
M a y a ls o type fr o m w ritte n copy and
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia l iz e d
b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on sc ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed .
A w o rk er who
hand o r by Sten oty pe o r s im i l a r m ac h in e is c la s s ifie d a s a s te n o g ra p h e r,

ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry fro m
do sim p le c le ric a l w ork.
v o cab u lary such a s legal
t a k e s d ic t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
g e n e ra l.

T Y P IST
U ses a
tion s h av e been
r i a l s f o r u s e in
a s k ee p in g s im p

ty p e w rite r to m a k e c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m a k e out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
m ad e by an oth er p e rso n .
M a y in clu d e ty p in g of s t e n c il s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s .
M a y do c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su c h
le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s , o r s o rtin g an d d istrib u tin g in co m in g m a il.

C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g :
T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it
in v o lv e s
co m b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r
re sp o n sib ility for c o r re c t sp ellin g,
sy lla b ic a tio n , p u n ctu atio n , e tc ., of te c h n ic a l o r u n u su al w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l;
and plan ning layou t and ty ping of c o m p lica te d
sta tis tic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n c e
in s p a c i n g .
M a y type ro u tine fo r m
l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c le a r d r a fts ;
ro u tin e typing of f o r m s , in su ra n c e p o lic ie s , e tc.; and settin g up sim p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s,
o r cop ying m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y setu p and sp a c e d p ro p e r ly .

TECHNICAL

COM PUTER OPERATOR

CO M PUTER PRO GRAM ER,

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
program .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e
in s t r u c t i o n ^ w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : A p p li e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a i l e d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c ie n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r no t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l l y in v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ich id e n tif y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v in g r o u t in e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c ie n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d in s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o rk s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h is le v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d b u t d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts.
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
su c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a t a w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e le m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

24
CO M PUTER PRO O RAM ER,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

CO M PU TER SY STE M S A N A LY ST,

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p le
p r o g r a m s , o r o n s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f in i n g , a d a p t i n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d it io n s to o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a few r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r su p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ir e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U S IN E S S

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d itio n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
new a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e

c la s sifie d

d ir e c tio n

C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o ut a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n en ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s ;
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g of
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w ith in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R

a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f new o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re co m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a ss is t.

OR
W o rk s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

D RA FT SM A N

C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s an d c o n c e p ts u su a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
CO M PUTER SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in i n g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b l i s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

to

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l ic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,

C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e no t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y

su p e r v is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g ; G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g
a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

25
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

ST A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
,
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e sta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a.nd la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

26
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R --- C o n tin u e d

M A I N T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G U A RD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

(S w e e p e r;

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR C LEA N ER

ch arw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )

F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k i n g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r; sto c k s e le c to r ; w a re h o u se

st o c k m a n )

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .
SH IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r l'/z to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (1 V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRU CKER,
PACKER,

w o rk ers a re

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r : s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

O RD ER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s of la d i n g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

POW ER

O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t-----

T h e t e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys,
c h e m ists, e n g in e e rs, engineering tech n ician s, d raftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1 6 5 4 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1969. S e v en ty -fiv e
cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c te d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1------------------- -----------------------A lbany— c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1_________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x. , A p r . 1969----------------------------A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1969 --------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A ug. 1969---------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1---------------------------------B o i s e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1969___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , Oct. 1969_________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
Can ton , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969_____________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1969--------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _______________________________
C i n c in n a ti , Oh io— y .— n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ________________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969------------------------------------- C o l u m b u s , O hio, O c t. 1969---------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1969-------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
Oct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
D ay ton , O hio, D e c . 1969------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ------------------ ---- ------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 ---------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x . , Oct. 1969_____ _— ----------------------- G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1969--------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1 _____
— -----—
------- -—
H o u sto n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1969------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1_____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969__________-______ -——___ K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1969-------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 ------------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969-------- N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 _-____-____________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1—______________ ______
—
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969____________________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n .— r k . . Nov. 1969 1---------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1969________ _______________________ _
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969-----------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1969----------------------

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
45 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1660-31.
loou-32,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50
40
30
30
40
30
25
35
35

D a ta on estab lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en tary w age provision s are a lso presen ted.




c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

A rea
M u sk egorr— u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1969 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m ah a, N ebr.—
Iow a, S e p t . 1969--------------------------------P a t e r s o n — lifton — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1969______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 ______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1969---------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, Nov. 1969 1______________________
S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario, C alif.,
R
O
O ct. 1968 1 -------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1969 1____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1969 1___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1968 1 ___________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t . 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1969 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969----------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1969 *______________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b . 1969 1_______________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t. 19 6 9 -----------------------------------------U t i c a - R o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969-----------------------------------W a sh in g to n , D .C .—
Md.— a . , S e p t . 1969 1--------------------V
W a t e r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1969___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1968 1 -------------------------------------W ic h ita, K a n s ., D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1969___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969____________________________________
Y ou ng stow n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1968__________________
W

Bu lletin n um ber
an d p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30
40
30
35
60

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30
35
30
35
50
30
35
35
30

c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30
30
50
35
35

cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
l6b 0-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660-19,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
35
50
35
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
35
30
30
50
30
35
30
30
30
30

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
O FFIC IA L




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