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S O -/

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-17




San Antonio, Texas,
Metropolitan Area, May 1979

Preface
This b u lletin p rov id es re su lts of a M ay 1979 su rv ey o f occu p ation al
earn ings in the San A n ton io, T e x a s , Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A rea .
The su rv e y was m ade as part o f the B ureau of L a b or S ta tis tic s ' annual
area w age su rv ey p ro g ra m .
It was condu cted by the B u rea u 's reg ion a l
o ffic e in D a lla s, T e x ., under the g en era l d ir e c tio n o f B oyd B. O 'N ea l,
A ssista n t R eg ion a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O pera tion s.
The su rv e y cou ld not
have been a c c o m p lis h e d without the c o o p e ra tio n o f the m any fir m s w hose
wage and sa la ry data p rov id ed the b a sis fo r the s ta tistica l in form a tion in
this bulletin.
The B ureau w ish es to e x p re s s s in c e r e a p p re cia tio n fo r the
c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a teria l in this p u blica tion is in the pu blic dom ain and m ay be
rep ro d u ce d without p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G overnm ent.
P le a s e c r e d it
the B u reau of L a b or S ta tistics and cite the nam e and num ber of this
pu blication .

Note:
A re p o rt on occu p a tion a l earn ings in the San A ntonio a rea is
av ailab le fo r the m ovin g and stora g e in du stry (M ay 197 9). A ls o av ailab le
a re listin g s o f union w age rates fo r building tr a d e s , printing tr a d e s , l o c a l tra n sit operating e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y
store e m p lo y e e s . A re p o rt on occu p ation al earn ings and su pplem en tary
ben efits fo r m u n icip a l w o rk e r s in the city of San A ntonio is a ls o ava ila b le.
F r e e c o p ie s of th ese a re a v a ila b le fr o m the B u rea u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s .
(See ba ck c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
W age
Survey
u.s. D p rtm n of La o
ea et
br

San Antonio, Texas,
Metropolitan Area, May 1979
Contents

Page
9

Ray Marshall, Secretary

Page
9

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
August 1979
Bulletin 2050-17

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U.S Government Printing Office.
Washington, D C 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS FRASER
Digitized forRegional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1 00 Make checks
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ payable to Super­
intendent of Documents

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

In troduction _______________

_________________________

2

T a b le s :
E a rn in gs, a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts:
A - l . W eekly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ------------- 3
A -2 . W eekly earn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s __________________
5
A -3 . A v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s o f
o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , by s e x ---------------------- 6
A -4 . H ou rly earn in g s o f m a in ten an ce,
to o lr o o m , and p ow erp la n t
w o r k e r s ___________________________________ ?
A -5. H ou rly ea rn in gs o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s _____
®
A -6 . A v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f
m a in ten an ce, t o o lr o o m , p o w e r plant, m a te r ia l m ov em en t, and
c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x --------------------- 9
A -7 . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e ra g e
h ou rly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d
o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ---------------------------------- 10
A -8. A v e ra g e pay re la tio n s h ip s
w ithin esta b lish m en ts
fo r w h it e -c o lla r w o r k e r s ________________ 11
A -9. A v e ra g e pay re la tio n s h ip s
w ithin esta b lish m en ts
fo r b lu e -c o lla r w o r k e r s _________________ 12

A pp en dix A . S cop e and m ethod o f su rv ey _____------ 14
A pp endix B. O ccu p ation a l d e s c r ip tio n s ------------------17

Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u rv e y s o f occu p a tion a l earn in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits.
(See lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .) In each a r e a ,
ea rn in gs data f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion s ( A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d
annually. In form a tion on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is obtain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h is r e p o r t had
no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

m anu factu ring and nonm anufacturing in d u s tr ie s . The occu p a tion s a re d efin ed
in A ppendix B. F o r the 31 la r g e s t su r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A -1 0 through A -1 5
p r o v id e s im ila r data fo r esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e .
T a b le A -7 p ro v id e s p e rce n t ch a n g es in a v e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in gs
o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u r s e s , sk illed m aintenance tra d es w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s ib le , data a r e p re se n te d fo r a ll in d u strie s and fo r m a n u fa c ­
tu ring and nonm anufacturing sep a ra tely . Data a r e not p r e se n te d fo r sk illed
m ain ten an ce w o rk e r s in nonm anufacturing b e c a u se the num ber o f w o r k e r s
e m p loy ed in this occu pation al grou p in nonm an ufacturin g is to o s m a ll to
w a rra n t sep arate p resen ta tion .
T h is ta ble p r o v id e s a m e a s u re o f w age
tren d s a fter elim in ation o f changes in a v e r a g e earn in g s ca u se d by e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong estab lish m en ts as w e ll as tu rn o v e r o f esta b lish m en ts
in clu d ed in su rvey sa m p les. F o r fu rth er d e ta ils , see appendix A.

E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in dividu al a r e a w age s u rv e y s have been c o m ­
p le te d , tw o su m m a ry b u lletin s a r e is su e d .
T h e fir s t b r in g s tog eth er data
f o r each m e tro p o lita n a re a s u rv e y e d ; the se c o n d p r e s e n ts national and
r e g io n a l e s t im a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m in dividu al m e tro p o lita n a r e a data, fo r
a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the U nited S ta tes, ex clu din g
A la sk a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a re a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a v a r ie ty o f la b o r m a rk e ts ,
th rough the a n a ly s is o f (1) the le v e l and d is tr ib u tio n o f w ag es by occu p a tio n ,
and (2) the m ov em en t o f w ages by o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l. The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m ay be u sed fo r m any p u r p o s e s , in cluding
w ag e and s a la r y a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d eterm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rv ey r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed by the U.S. D e p a r t­
m ent o f L a b o r to m ake w age d eterm in a tion s u n der the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t
o f 1965.

T a b le s A - 8 and A -9 p rov id e fo r the f ir s t tim e m e a s u r e s o f a v e ra g e
pay rela tion sh ip s w ithin esta b lish m en ts.
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d iffe r c o n ­
sid e ra b ly fr o m the pay rela tion sh ip s o f o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s p u blish ed in ta bles
A - l through A -6 . See appendix A fo r d e ta ils .

A pp en dixes
A ppendix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a re a
w age su rv e y p r o g r a m and p ro v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the su rv ey .

A - s e r i e s ta b les
or

A ppendix B p ro v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
p re se n ta tiv e s to c la s s ify w o rk e r s by o ccu p a tion .

T a b le s A - l th rough A - 6 p r o v id e e stim a te s o f s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f




2

u sed

by

B u reau fie ld

re­

E a r n in g s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
^^^Weekl^earalng^^™
(standard)

Oc cu p at io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f %

.10
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

S

%

12 0

130

S
140

%

150

S

%

16 0

170

s

s
180

190

*

s
200

210

s
2 20

S

S
230

2 40

s
2 50

s
26 0

s
270

s
280

s

%

290

30 1

nd
der

3 10
and

120

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------MA N U F A C TU R IN G -----------N O N M A N UF A C TU RI N G - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

1 .1 00
251
849
87

$
$
3 9 . 5 1 8 8 . 5C 1 8 3 . OC
4 0 . 0 1 9 4 . 5C 1 9 3 . 0 0
39. 5 1 86 .5 0 180.00
4 0 .0 2 1 9 .0 0 228.00

$
$
1 6 1 . 0 0 - 2 0 5 . 5C
1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 4 .5 1
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 1
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0

130

1 40

150

160

1 70

180

1 90

200

210

220

23 0

240

250

2 60

270

2 80

290

30 0

9
9

3
3
-

21

73
A
67
8

136
23
113
3

161
38
12 3
18

113
28
85
4

12 9
19
1 10
4

111
37
74
1

91
21
70
-

63
18
45
4

49
26
23
6

24
4
20
4

43
17
26
3

19
7
12
7

11
3
8
3

17
3
14
9

7
7
4

3
1
2
2

31
1
30

11
7
4

31
2
29

28
3
25

ii
4
7

ii
4
7

19
11
8

11
6
5

6
3
3

4

3

-

-

-

-

4

3

1
1
-

2

-

29
9
20

21
4
17

23
8
15
4

33
22
11
3

6
6
3

21
5
16
1

7
1
6
6

1
1
1

5
3
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

1
1
1

6
6
3

5

3

2

1

2

7

2

_

_

3

5

3

2

1

2

7

2

~

1
1

3
3

3
3

21

31 0

over

3

14

-

-

3
1

14
6

_

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS R
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I n g -------

203
42
161

3 9 .5 2 10 .5 0
4 0. 0 2 32 .0 0
39. 5 2 05 .0 0

2 07 .0 0
238.00
20 5 . 5 0

1 8 4 . C O - 2 3 3 . 01
2 1 4 .0 0 -2 4 8 .0 1
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 1

-

-

-

-

11

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

11

7

16
16

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C
M A N U F A C TU R IN G --------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G —
PURLIC U T I L I T I E S -

232
61
171
29

39.
4C.
39.
49.

2 10 .0 0
2 12 .0 0
2 0 9 . OC
255 .5 0

203.50
2 20 .0 0
1 99 .5 0
252.50

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 3
1 9 5 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 2 9 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0 -2 8 6 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

17
2
15
1

30
3
27
-

25
3
22

-

3
1
2
-

“

-

S E C R E TA R IE S . CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -------

305
69
2 36

39. C 184 .5 0
4 0. 0 187 .0 0
39. 0 184 .0 0

1 82.50
1 89 .0 0
179.50

1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 75 .0 0 -2 C 0 .0 1
1 61 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

17
2
15

35
1
34

47
6
41

43
15
28

54
11
43

44
16
28

35
14
21

5
4
i

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------PUB LIC U T I L I T I F S -

315
77
238
28

39.
40.
39.
40.

5 159 .0 0
0 1 67 .0 0
5 156 .5 0
0 160 .0 0

1 57.50
1 64 .5 0
154.00
165.00

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 1
1 5 7 . 0 0 - 1 7 C . 01
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 1
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 1

9

3

21

-

-

-

3
-

21

81
21
60

86
30
56
15

24
10
14
4

11
4
7
-

19
5
14
1

3
1
2

2
2

9

56
4
52
8

210
204

4 0. 0 189 .0 0
40. 0 189 .0 0

172.00
171.00

1 4 9 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

_

1
1

15
15

49
49

24
23

7
6

16
16

15
15

13
10

8
8

7
7

8
7

4
4

4
4

2
2

30
30

_

_

-

-

95
90

39. 5 1 67 .0 0
39. 5 165 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 49.50

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 1
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

_

1
1

6
6

44
44

16
15

2
2

9
9

4
4

3

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
*

_

-

“

-

1
1

3
3

3
3

89

38. 0 142 .0 0

1 3 8 . CO 1 3 2 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . 0 0

-

13

43

14

5

6

-

8
1
1

_

_

i
i

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

S T E N OG RA PH E R S --------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G
S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GENERAL
N O NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------t r a n s c r ib in g

-

m a c h in e

ty p is ts

5
0
5
9

-

-

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN G

226
217

3 9 .0 146 .5 0
39. 0 146 .5 0

140.00
1 43.00

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 1
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

3
3

42
41

64
61

43
41

18
16

28
27

4
4

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A NONMANUF A C T U R IN G

134
130

39. 0 1 52 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 53 .0 0

1 44 .5 0
1 45 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0

2
2

4
4

30
28

35
34

15
15

28
27

_

-

12
12

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B NONMANUF A C T U R I N G

92
87

137 .0 0
1 37.00

1 33.50
1 33.50

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 23 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 1

1
1

38
37

34
33

8
7

3
1

_

4
4

1
1

F I L E C L E R K S --------------------N ON MA N UF A C TU R IN G

362
362

39. 0 1 26 .0 0
39. 0 126 .0 0

1 21 .0 0 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 9 . 5 0
1 2 1 . CO 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 9 . 5 0

173
L73

98
98

49
49

1C
1C

20
20

_

_

12
12

291
291

39. 0 1 25 .5 0
39. 0 125 .5 0

1 2 1 . CO 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . 5 0
1 21 .0 0 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . 5 1

136
136
63
60

F IL E CLERKS. CLASS B
N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G -------

3 9.0
3 9.0

S U I T C H B O A R U OP E R A T O R S
N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G —

168
156

4 0 . C 1 32 .5 0
40. n 131 .5 0

1 2 8 . 0 0 1 1 6 . J O - 1 3 5 . 01
1 2 6 . CO 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 3 2 . 0 0

S U I T C H P O A R O OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N T S T S MANIIF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

19C
44
146

39. 5 1 48 .5 0
« 0 . 0 155 .5 0
39. 5 146 .5 0

1 41.00
152.00
1 4 0 . 00

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 40 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

8
8
8
8
_

3

*

_

_

_

-

-

i
i

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

3

_

_

30
33
32

41

24
5
19

2
1

10
36

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

13
13

2

3

8
8
-

4
2

24
1
23

3
2

6
6

3

6
5
1

2

i

5
5

_

_
-

3

_
-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979— Continued
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—
Occup atio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
wodcen

Average
weekly
hour**
(standard)

S
Mean2

Median1

Middle range 2

s

S

%

110

120

130

*
160

*
150

s
160

S
170

%

S

s
180

190

200

*
210

S
220

160

150

160

170

180

190

2 00

210

220

6

75
1
76

69
49

40
10
30

30
2
28

52
5
67

12
12

12
1
11

5
5

-

-

75
76

49
49

60
30

30
28

52
67

3

150
9
161

258
39
219

168
44
126

1
1
“

12
6
6
“

$
39. 5 1 51 .5 0
6 3 . 0 1 8 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 6 6 .5 0

$
1 66 .0 0
1 72 .0 0
1 38 .0 0

$
$
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 C .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 2 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 0 . GO

ORDER C L E R K S * C L A S S B -----------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

262
260

6 0 . 0 1 6 1 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 6 0 .5 0

1 60 .0 0
136 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU RI NG -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G ------------------------------------------

1 .6 79
261
1*238

6 0 .0 1 71 .5 0
6 0 .0 1 70 .0 0
6 0 . 0 1 7 1 .5 0

1 61 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 60 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0 -1 8 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

12

108
11
97

A C C O U N T IN G C L ER K S* C L A S S A ---------------M A NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

359
90
269
36

6 0.0
6 0.0
3 9.5
6 0.0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0
2 05 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0
1 86 .0 0
1 8 9 .5 0
1 86 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0

-

_
-

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S * C L A S S B ---------------M A NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------------------------------NO NMA N UF A CT U RI N G ------------------------------------------

1 .1 20
151
9 69

6 0.0
6 0.0
6 0.0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 58 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 52 .0 0
1 55 .0 0
1 51 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

12
12

108
11
97

1 69
9
160

27

6 0.0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

-

-

10

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------------

27

*
O
o

130

306
51
255

1 69 .5 0

1 69 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

-

-

10

4

2

7

PAY R OL L C L E R K S -------------------------------------------------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM A N UF A C TU RI N 6 ------------------------------------------

136
76
60

6 0.0
6 0.0
6 0.0

1 75 .5 0
1 80 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 67 .0 0
1 69 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

2
2

6
6

12

6

16
8

“

-

6

6

25
9
16

12
6
6

KEY E N T R Y OP E R A TO R S -----------------------------------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

6 35
82
353
66

3 9.5
6 0.0
3 9.5
6 0.0

159 .0 0
1 60 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
2 33 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 56 .0 0
1 52 .0 0
2 38 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -3 2 1 .0 0

13

68

-

13

68

59
21
38
4

72
26
66

85
9
76

23

-

71
8
63
2

7
1
6
3

26
15
11

KEY EN T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ------------------------------------------

166
122

3 9. 5 1 7 7 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 7 9 .5 0

1 62 .5 0
166 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

-

4
6

15
13

21
17

KEY EN T R Y OP E R AT O R S* C L A S S B ---------MA NU F A C TU RI NG -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------

289
58
231

39. 5 1 5 0 .0 0
6 0 .0 1 57 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 68 .0 0

1 68 .0 0
152 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

13

66

56
6
50

38
17
21

6
6

6
12

-

-

-

-

13

44

* W o r k e r s w e re at $ 3 2 0 to $ 3 3 0 .
See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




2 50

%

S
260

27C

s

%

%

2 80

290

300

310
and

OROER C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------N 0N M A N U F A C TU R IN 6 ------------------------------------------

O PE R AT O R S ----------

260

and
under
120

B00 KK EEP IN 6 -N A C H IN E

s

%

s
2 30

4

23C

260

2 50

5
5

5
5

2 60

270

2 8C

2 90

3 00

310

-

-

-

-

-

-

over

-

-

10
5
5

-

-

-

5

-

_

_
-

5
5

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

“

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

211
36
177

90
23
A7

126
31
95

56
15
39

69
15
56

21
4
17

61
2
39

16
7
9

5
3
2

1 62
4
1 38

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

5

3

_
-

_
-

22
5
17
3

65
7
38
11

65
16
31

85
26
61
5

33
6
27
-

68
8
60
4

21
4
17
1

20
2
18
3

7
7
-

5
3
2
-

7
4
3
1

266
33
2 13

166
39
107

166
27
139

45
9
36

61
7
36

21
9
12

21
7
16

-

21

9

-

-

-

-

-

“

21

9

-

4

2

7

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
5
8

12
8
4

3

5
1
6

9
9

8

2

t

2

-

-

1

3

-

i
i

“

-

5
2
3
3

16
11

5
3

-

_

10
10
-

“

-

-

-

5

23
3

21
13

29
27

16
16

6

51
18
33

56
7
69

9

1

9

5

1

3

-

-

7

-

-

“

i
1

-

5

-

_
-

_

_

-

5
5

3
3

1 35

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_
“

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

i
i
-

_

_

-

13

-

-

-

13
*13

-

i
i

_
-

_
-

_
-

13
*13

_
-

_
-

1 35

-

8
8

1
1

-

-

-

2

-

8

2

3

-

-

-

5

-

_
-

2

5

8

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
Weekly earning^^^
(standard)
Number

O c cu p at io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
wotkers

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard]

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r ec ei v in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e we ek ly ea rnings of—
S

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

187
156

3 9.0
3 9.0

$
3 30 .5 0
327 .0 0

$
329.00
3 29.00

$
$
3 0 2 . C O - 3 5 6 . 00
3 0 8 .5 0 -3 5 1 .0 0

s

*

S

s

s

s

%

S

*

143

150

160

170

180

190

2 00

210

2 20

S

s

140

-

270

2 8C

300

320

340

360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

250

260

270

280

300

320

340

360

over

1
1

14
12

5
3

11
6

28
22

49
47

29
26

*38
27

-

1

13

43

19

7

5
5

180

190

200

210

220

2 30

240

“

-

*

4
4

4
4

-

“

4
4

12
12

3
3

2

8
4

3
3

2
1

17
16

27
22

11
7

10
7

12
9

8
8

2
2

8
8

_

.

2
2

1
1

14
9

8
4

10
7

10
7

5
5

_

_

“

9
8

_

”

“

”

“

“

91

3 8.5

33C.00

329.00

246 .0 0
2 47 .5 0

246.00
2 46.00

2 2 3 .5 0 -2 7 0 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0 -2 7 1 .0 0

-

-

_

“

*

“

1
1

4
4

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

63
<17

39. 5 248 .5 0
39. 0 245 .5 0

250.50
2 49.00

2 3 8 .0 0 -2 6 7 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

4
4

”

3 2 0 .5 0 -3 4 2 .0 0

3 9.5
39. 0

51

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A ---------

42

8

2 13 .0 0

2 19 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0 -2 4 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

12

3

2

6

2

2

8

12

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 74.00
1 94.00
1 72.50

1 57 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

4

18

16
1
15

8
5
3

8
7
i

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

18
5
13

1

6

17
10
7

1

-

42
2
40

11
3

18

29
7
22

10
4

4

24
3
21

1

-

18
2
16

1

1

1

8

-

“

“

-

3 9.5

2 31 .0 0

2 22 .5 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -2 5 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

l

3

3

4

10

5

3

2

1

1

1

8

-

-

-

-

i

12

9
2
7

12
3
9

23
5
18

37
1
36

2
1
1

10
8
2

6
6

8
2
6

11
1
10

5
4
i

6

-

_

_

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

6
4

4
3

5
4

4
4

1
1

22
21

27
22

33
30

22
20

25
23

15
9

5
4

26
19

10
8

18
18

2
-

24
21

6
4

6
6

_
-

3
3

1
1

3
2

4
4

6

"

3

_

_

_

"

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

3 9.0

1

142
32
110

3 9. 5 1 79 .5 0
4 0 .0 196 .0 0
39. 5 175.00

1 72.50
1 94.00
172.50

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0 -2 3 1 .0 0
1 59 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

50
46

3 9. 5 157 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 55 .5 0

1 50 .0 0
1 50 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

3
3

6

6

9
9

DRAFTERS ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

31C
271

4 0. 0 210 .0 0
4 0. 0 207 .5 0

200.00
1 98 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0

9
9

4
3

17
16

9
8

27
27

D R AF T ER S. CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

29
28

4 0 .0 278 .5 0
4 0. O 278 .5 0

2 87.00
2 87.50

2 3 0 .0 0 -3 2 5 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 -3 2 5 .0 0

-

-

_

-

_

-

“

DR AF TE R S. CLASS R -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

131
110

4 0. 0 231 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 2 9 . Ot

2 41 .0 0
242.50

1 9 6 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0
1 91 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

_

-

_

-

-

-

i
i

OR AF T ER S . CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

125
109

4 0. 0 185.00
40. 0 183 .0 0

180.00
180.00

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

-

3
3

10
9

4 0. 0 229 .0 0

2 21.50

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 6 6 .5 0

-

-

2

221 .5 0

2 24.00

2 05 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0

-

“

T E C H N I C IA N S --------------------------

ELE C TR ON IC S

*

T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B

W o r k e r s w e re d is trib u te d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e re d is trib u te d as f o llo w s :

284
95

4 0.0

i

12

“

5
1

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

-

3
3

3
3

_

*

3
3

_

*
6
6

7
7

6
5

18
18

9
8

5
4

10
4

2
1

17
12

9
8

17
17

1
-

21
19

2
-

4
3

17
17

15
14

21
17

15
12

10
9

17
16

5
5

_

6
4

1
“

_

1
-

-

-

7

20

13

12

18

29

38

21

6

16

24

7

22

37

4

12

*

“

3

9

16

7

6

15

16

3

4

-

12 at $360 to $ 38 0; 4 at $3 8 0 to $ 4 0 0 ; 4 at $ 40 0 to $ 4 2 0 ; 11 at $42 0 to $ 44 0; 2 at $44 0 to $ 4 6 0 ; 3 at $46 0 to $ 48 0; and 2 at $480 to $500.
2 at $36 0 to $ 3 8 0 ; and 1 at $38 0 to $40 0.

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




”

3 9 .5 1 84 .0 0
4 0 . C 1 98 .5 0
3 9. 5 1 80 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

EL EC TR ON IC S

s

260

170

135
112

234
<19
185

S

s

S

250

160

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

%

240

“

150

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) • CLASS B ----------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------

s

s

230
-

130

and
under
130

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

*

ft
120

5

12

**3

6

-

-

-

“

”

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
Avert**
(mean*)

O cc u p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

B --------------

55

4 0.0

1 56 .5 0

C L ER K S -------------------------------

74

* 0.0

1 8 2 .0 0

CLASS

OCCUPATIONS

-

O

$
1 73 .5 0

o
*

OFFICE

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

NFN

---------------------------------------------

CLERKS.

A C C O U N TI N G

Weekhr
hourt
(standard)

75

OROER C L E R K S
ORDER

Number
of
woiken

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------N O NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 .0 96
251
8*5
8*

C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------

203
*2
161

m a n u factu r in g

3 9.5
* o .c
3 9.5
* 0.0

1 88 .0 0
1 9 * .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0
2 15 .5 0

1*8 .5 0
155 .5 0
1 *6 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU RI N G ------------------------------------------

231
30
201

39. 5 1 « « .0 0
4 0 .0 159 .5 0
3 9 .5 1*1 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------------------------------

*0

3 9. C 2 0 7 .0 0

39. 5 1 38 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 36 .0 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T UR IN G --------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

183
31
152

3 9 . 5 1 87 .5 0
* 0 . 0 1 90 .5 0
3 9. 5 1 86 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 3 1 .5 0

131
72
59

* 0.0
*0.0
* 0.0

1 75 .0 0
1 80.00
1 69 .0 0

1 8 9 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0

KE Y E N T R Y OP E R A TO R S -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA N U FA CT U R IN G -----------------------------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

*13
80
333
*1

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.5
* 0.0

1 59 .5 0
1 6 0 . CC
1 59 .0 0
237 .5 0

3 9. 5 1 6 7 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 65 .5 0

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------NO NMA N U FA CT U R IN G ------------------------------------------

138
115

39. 5 179 .5 0
39. 0 1 82 .0 0

3 8. 0 1 * 2 .0 0

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA N U FA CT U R IN G ------------------------------------------

275
57
218

39. 5 1*9 .0 0
* C.C 1 57 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 47 .0 0

S TE NO GRA PHE RS ---------------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

205
199

* 0.0
* 0.0

89

3 9.5
* 0.0
3 9.5

PA YRO LL C L E R K S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

3 9. 5 1 59 .0 0
* 0 .0 1 6 7 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 5 6 . 5C
* 0 . 0 1 60 .0 0

95
90

190
44
1*6

1 . C 68
146
922

315
77
2 38
28

1 4 6 .5 0
1 *6 .5 0

* 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

1 70 .5 0
1 6 9 . CO
171 .0 0

4 0.0
*0. 0
39. 5
* 0.0

191 .0 0
188 .5 0
191 .5 0
2 05 .0 0

* 0 .0 16* .5 0
* 0 . 0 1 58 .5 0
* 0 .0 165 .0 0

A -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------

132
128

3 9 .0 1 5 3 .0 0
3 9. 0 1 53 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

90
85

39. 0 1 37 .0 0
39. 0 1 3 6 .5 0

--------------------------------------------------------------------

3*7
3*7

3 9 .0 1 2 6 .0 0
3 9. 0 1 2 6 .0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! ------------------------------------------NO NMA N U FA CT U R IN G --------------------

12*
100

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B -------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

277
277

3 9.0
39. 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 25 .5 0

COM PUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B -----------

62

CLERKS

n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




109
92

49
37

3 9.5
3 9.0

A -------------

39

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R ------------NO NM A N U FA C TU RI N G ------------------------------------------

110
94

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

34
31

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------------------------------M A NU F A C TU RI NG --------------------------------------------------

292
253

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

CLASS

3 9.5
39. 5

2 5 0 .0 0
2 * 8 .0 0

1 80 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0

3 9 . 5 1 60 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 58 .5 0
* 0.0
n

ao.

2 0 8 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0

A --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

29
28

* 0 . 0 2 78 .5 0
* 0 .0 2 7 8 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T UR IN G ---------------------------------------------------

118
97

* 0 . 0 2 28 .0 0
40* n 2 2 * . 5 0

DRAFTERS.

120
10*

40. 3
* 0 .0

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

CLASS

m an ufactur in g

C -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 8* .5 0
18 U .0 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

6

--------

26

3 9 . 0 2 *1 .0 0

COMPUTER OP E R A T O R S --------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

3 9.0
3 9.0

F ILE

$
3 9 . 5 2 4 7 . 5Q
39. 0 2 * 8 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

m an ufactur in g

222
213

CLASS

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

SWI TC HRO AR O OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MA N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

A C C O U N TI N G C L E R K S . C L A S S R ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA N U FA CT U R IN G ------------------------------------------

2 10 .0 0
2 12 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 55 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E --------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

TYPISTS.

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

168
156

337
81
256
36

3 9. 0 1 83 .5 0
* 0. 0 1 8 7 .0 0
3 9. 0 1 8 2 .5 0

TYPISTS

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

SW ITC HB OA R D OP E RAT OR S -----------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

301
69
232

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

s e x . 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

1 . *05
227
1 .1 7 8

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S D --------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

TRANSCRIBIN G-M ACHINF

Occup a tio n ,

$
* 0. 0 1 32 .5 0
* 0 .0 131 .5 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L ER K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

39. 5 2 10 .5 0
* 0 . 0 2 3 2 .0 0
39. 5 2 05 .0 0
39. 5
*0. 0
39. 5
* 0.0

GE NERAL -------------------------------

-

207
186

2 32
61
171
29

n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

OROER C L E R K S . C L A S S R -----------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------N ON MA N UF A C TU R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.

O ccu p a tio n , se x , 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

OROER C L E R K S -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

UONEN

S EC R ETA R IES.

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

51
33

* 0 . 0 1 72 .5 0
* 0. 0 1 5 1 .0 0

32

4 0.0

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

COMPUTER

39. 0 3 49 .5 3
3 8 .5 350 .5 0

38.5

3 38 .0 0

OPERATORS.

(R U S IN E S S )

CLASS

P -------------

1 77 .5 0

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f —

workers

Mean *

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

*

3 .8 0

s
4 .0 0

%

%

%

68

25

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MA CH IN ER Y) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

227
214

6 . 33
6 . 27

6 .7 9
6 . 79

5 .5 0 5 .4 7 -

7 .0 8
7 .0 8

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

298
80
218

6." 4
5 . 53
6 .2 2

5 . 65
5 . 24
5 .6 5

5 .2 4 4 .6 0 5 .6 5 -

6 .3 8
6 .4 8
6 .2 5

---------------------

33
25

A . 78
4 .8 1

4 .7 1
3 . 50

3 .4 0 3 .4 0 -

S T AT IO NA R Y ENGINEERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

50
28

6 . 26
6 . 53

6 . 06
7 .61

BOIL ER

TENOERS ---------------------------------------------------

26

4 .4 3

3 . 85

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

10 at $ 8.20 to $ 8.60; 3 at $ 8.60 to $ 9; 12 at $ 9 to $ 9 .4 0 ; and 4 at $ 10.60 to $ 1 1 .

MAINTENANCE

TRADES HELPERS --------------------

manufacturing

*

S .2 0

5 .40

s
5 .6 0

*
5 .8 0

%

%

%

s

1

*

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 . 60

7 .0 0

1 .4 0

i

—
7 .8 0

~ i-------

8 .2 0

5 . 00

5 .2 0

5.40

5 .6 0

5 .80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 . 40

2

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

r .e o

18
17
1

4
i
3

-

8 .2 0 over

$

6 .7 3
6 .7 3
6 .71

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
i

11
6
5

15
13
2

2
1
1

-

2

9
5
4

1
-

2

-

1

-

4
4

2
1

10
10

8
8

22
22

19
19

18
16

3
3

1
1

”

48
47

21
14
7

7
3
4

10
4
6

22
6
16

15
3
12

78
1
77

11
5
6

30
2
28

6
2
4

5
2
3

4

2
2

1

-

-

_

_

_

2

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

~

”

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

*

-

“

i

5 .3 2
7 .4 1

1
-

4
a

11
11

-

_

-

-

*

5 .4 4 4 .3 8 -

7 .6 1
7 .8 3

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

3 .3 4 -

4 .6 8

6

i

1

i
-

23
22

20
16
4

10

7

3
2
1

-

2

_

8

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




A
C

4 .2 0

o

4 .0 0

sf

3 .8 0

sr

3 .6 0

O
<0

3 .4 0

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

93

s
5 .0 0

and
o

3 .20
$
5 .5 1 5 .7 4 5 .3 5 -

s
4 . 80

and
under

$
6 . 35
6 .4 3
6. 13

$
5 . 97
6 .0 5
5 .7 6

o

s
3 .6 C

>

s
3 .4 0

*

S
3 .2 0

**

3 .00

o

%

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

O

Hourly eanlings 4
Number

*

Table A-4.

-

8

-

1

1

1

1

2
-

-

-

-

3

4

4
“

8
5

2
-

-

_

-

8
8

-

-

10
7
3

32
30

l
-

31
31

5
-

12
9
3

9
7
2

14

5
4
i

* 29

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

14

29
-

_

8
8

-

-

3
-

4
4

ii
ii

-

5

-

-

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly earn in gs o f—

Number

2 .8 0

Occupation and i n d u s tr y d iv is io n

s
3 .2 0

3 .4 0

X
3 .6 0

S
3 .8 0

1
4 .0 0

4
4 .2 0

*
4 .4 0

*
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

s
5 .0 0

X
5 .2 0

%

3 .0 0

5 .6 C

*
6 .0 0

s
6* 40

s
s
6 . 80 7 . 2 0

X
7 .6 0

X
8 .0 0

*
8 .4 0

i
8 .8 0

*
9 .2 0

%

workers

Mean 2

Median2

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 C

6 .4 0

6 . 80

7 . 20

7 .6 0

8 . CO

8 .4 0

8 .8 C

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

TRUCKORIVERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

2 .5 3 7
532
2 .0 C 5
787

$
5 .4 8
4 .0 2
5 .8 6
8 .2 8

$
4 .0 3
4 .0 0
4 . 37
9 .3 0

$
3 .5 5 3 .5 5 3 .5 5 9 .3 0 -

$
8 .7 7
4 .3 0
9 .3 0
9 .4 0

25
25
-

128
31
97
-

161
34
127
3

594
72
522
27

164
31
133
39

1 16
76
40
9

1 33
124
9
3

156
75
81
71

37
20
17
"

67
19
48
-

36
19
17
5

7
2
5

27
14
13
~

54
3
51
-

26
12
14
-

25
25

15
15
-

43
43
-

25
25
~

35
35

33
33
-

-

630

TRUCKORIVERS* L I 6 H T TRUCK ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

214
37
177

3 .4 9
3. >9
3 .4 3

3 .3 5
3 .6 9
3 .2 5

3 .2 0 3 .5 0 3 .1 5 -

3 .6 8
4 .1 0
3 .5 0

12
12

37
37

58
2
56

48
10
38

26
10
16

5
4
t

4
4
-

2
2
-

5
5

12
12

5
5

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS* MEOIUM TRUCK -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONNANUF A C T U R I N 6 -------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .3 19
90
1*229
579

5 .9 7
4 .2 2
6 . 10
8 .7 7

4 .0 4
4 .0 4
4 . 20
9 . 30

3 .5 5 4 .0 3 3 .5 5 9 .3 0 -

9 .3 0
4 .4 0
9 .3 0
9 .4 0

13
13
-

60
60
-

71
71
*

345
1
344
27

82
4
78
6

45
12
33
9

53
44
9
3

35
13
22
15

16
4
12
-

8
8

6
6
-

5
5

12
12
-

14
14
*

10
10
-

_

_
-

-

-

5 19

-

_
-

-

25
12
13
-

-

-

519
519

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

166
160

4 .1 7
4 .1 8

4 .0 3
4 .0 3

3 .5 5 3 .5 5 -

4 .3 9
4 .4 3

-

-

17
17

30
30

13
13

6
-

30
30

30
30

A
A

18
18

_

-

_

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

2
2

-

“

-

“

-

TRUCKORIVERS* T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

8 03
210
593
200

5 .5 6
3 .9 5
6 .1 3
7 .0 1

4 .3 7
3 .9 6
5 .8 9
9 . 30

3 .7
3 .5
3 .7
4 .3

2727-

7 .6 4
4 .1 8
8 .0 0
9 .3 0

_
-

22
22
-

11
11
-

160
20
140
-

40
1
39
33

60
60
-

85
26
59
56

7
2
5
-

29
i
28
-

25
19
6
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

4^>
1
3»
-

-

“

43
43
-

15
15
-

15
15
-

43
43
~

25
25
“

SHIPPERS -----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

66
30
36

4 .5 2
3 .8 5
5 .0 7

3 .8 5
3 .8 5
4 . 15

3 .5 0 3 .5 0 3 .5 0 -

4 .5 0
4 .C 9
7 .1 6

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

2
2

_
-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

7

-

2
2

_

-

-

3
3

_

-

“

7
5
2

_

-

7
5
2

6
6

-

23
9
14

RECEIVERS --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

101
26
75

4 .7 7
3 .9 7
5 .0 5

4 . 20
3 .8 7
4 . 30

3 .5 0 3 .6 4 3 .5 0 -

5 .5 8
4 .3 4
6 .9 8

-

2
2

11
5
6

13
13

10
3
7

14
8
6

_
-

1
1
-

2
2

2
2

2
2

7
1
6

4
4

i
i

2
2

3
3

15

-

12
8
4

SHIPPERS ANO R ECEIVER S -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

117
62
55

4 .0 7
3 .9 9
4 .1 7

4 . 10
4 . 16
4 . 10

3 .5 2 3 .3 9 3 .9 5 -

4 .3 5
4 .3 5
4 .2 0

-

_
-

3
3
-

17
1
16

19
4
15

26
15
11

1
1
-

5
5
-

6
5
1

-

-

-

-

i
i

-

-

5
5

-

-

16
13
6

2
2

-

16
16
~

-

-

~

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

265
229

3 .8 0
3 .7 0

3 .5 5
3 . 55

3 .3 5 3 .2 5 -

4 .1 C
3 .5 5

_

8
8

71
71

102
100

_
-

10
2

?1
13

8
7

4
2

3
3

5
-

15
15

14
4

2
2

2
2

-

-

ORDER F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

555
5 36

4 .1 7
4 .1 9

3. 35
3 .3 5

3 .1 3 3 .1 5 -

5 .6 4
5 .7 8

50
45

99
94

144
144

43
43

39
39

11
11

13
4

3
3

4
4

_

6
6

_

1
1

8
8

20
20

SH IPPING PACKERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

81
65

3 .7 4
3 .8 7

3 .8 5
3 . 90

3 .1 2 3 .2 8 -

4 .1 3
4 .3 6

ii
4

12
7

6
6

2
-

-

29
29

2
-

12
12

_

_

-

-

7
7

-

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

7 22
204
518

4 .2 2
3 .6 2
4 .4 6

3 . 55
3 .4 4
3 .7 0

3 .3 5 3 .2 8 3 .3 5 -

4 .9 9
3 .7 4
5 .5 5

9
3
6

76
6
70

141
64
77

157
66
91

38
17
21

17
15
2

12
10
2

5
5
-

60
1
59

18
18

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

4 77
310
167

4 .7 6
4 .4 1
5 .3 9

5 . 13
4 . 88
5 .6 4

3 .5 9 3 .5 9 3 .6 0 -

5 .1 3
5 .1 3
7 .1 5

-

44
44
-

26
12
14

50
25
25

43
31
12

25
11
14

17
14
3

7
4
3

3
2
1

GUARDS ----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

630
73
557

3 .1 6
3 .7 9
3 .0 8

3 .0 0
3 .8 8
3 . 00

2 .9 0 3 .4 5 2 .9 0 -

3 .2 5
4 .1 4
3 .1 5

263
263

186
9
1 77

54
7
47

51
11
40

14
5
9

17
16
1

24
13
11

12
7
5

GUAROS. CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

6 30
73
557

3 . 16
3 .7 9
3 .0 8

3 .0 0
3 .8 8
3 . 00

2 .9 0 3 .4 5 2 .9 0 -

3 .2 5
4 .1 4
3 .1 5

263
263

186
9
177

54
7
47

51
11
40

14
5
9

17
16
1

24
13
11

JANI TOR S* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

2 .7 6 4
260
2 .5 04
45

3 .1 9
3 .9 8
3 .1 1
4 .3 1

2 . 90
3 . 70
2 .9 0
4 . 27

2 .9 0 3 .2 0 2 .9 0 3 .2 5 -

3 .3 2
4 .9 5
3 .3 2
4 .5 7

1 68 2
35
1647
2

1 79
28
151
9

572
45
527
1

30
4
26
5

55
30
25
1

14
6
8

22
7
15

Middle range 2

and
under

-

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




8

"

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

35
35
“

33

-

Ill

33

-

Ill
Ill

_
-

-

_

“

“

-

-

7

15

“
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

“

53
53

61
61

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

10

“

10

42
42

7
7

46
46

64
64

3
3

13
12
1

6
4
2

136
136
“

4
4

4

52
52

9
9

-

-

-

27
11
16

4
3
1

3

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

2
2
-

12
7
5

4
3
1

3

-

2
2
“

”

~

22
4
18
14

10
1
9
2

57
17
40

77
75
2

8

~
“

~

3

*

8
3

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

7
1
6

ii
7

12
”
12

“

3

“

'

a

“

“

-

-

ii
ii

“

“

-

_
“

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

“

“

-

“

-

"
1
1
‘

5
“
5
5

6 30
630

“
"

*

“




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
O ccupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woiken

Avenge
(mean*)
hourly
earnings4

O ccupation,

M A I N T E N A N C E . TOO LROOM. ANO
POWERPLANT O C C U P A T IO N S - NEN
93
68
25

M A IN TE NA N C E ME CH AN IC S (M A C H I N E R Y ) MA NU FA C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

227
21*

6 .3 3
6 .2 7

M A IN TE NA N C E m e c h a n i c s
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ----------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

298
80
218

6 .0 #
5 .5 3
6 .2 2

TR A D ES H E L P E R S ---------------------m an u fa ctu r in g
-------------------------------------------------

33
25

4 .7 8
4 .8 1

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
28

6 . 26
6 .5 3

TE N D ER S -------------------------------------------------------

26

4 .4 3

s ta tio n a r y

eng in eer s

MA NUF AC TUR ING
BOILER

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A TI O N S - MEN

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S --------M A NU F A C TU RI NG -------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------

116
61
55

$
4 .0 8
4 .0 0
* . 17

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------

265
229

3 .8 0
3 .7 0

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G -----------------

*18
399

4 .4 6
4 .5 0

S H I P P I N G PAC KE RS -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

64
52

3 .9 3
4 .0 9

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G LAB OR ER S
M A NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------

6 82
197
*85

4 . 14
3 .6 3
4 .3 5

F O R K L I F T O PE RA T O R S -------------------M A NU F A C TU RI NG -------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------

477
310
167

4 .7 6
4 .4 1
5 .3 9

GUAROS ---------------------------------M A NU F A C TU RI NG ----NONMA NU FAC TUR ING

E L E C T R I C I A N S --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

MA IN TE NA N C E

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
woiken earnings4

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D
$
6 .3 5
6 .4 3
6 .1 3

MA IN TE NA N C E

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

555
73
482

3 . 17
3 .7 9
3 .0 7

6 U A R 0 S . C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------

555
73
*82

3 .1 7
3 .7 9
3 .0 7

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S -------M A NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1 .8 0 4
230
1 .5 7 4
45

3 .2 7
4 . CO
3 . 16
4 .3 1

T R U C K D R IV E R S ------------------------------------------------------------M A NUF AC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

2 .5 2 0
527
1 .9 93
775

5 .4 6
4 .C 3
5 .8 4
8 .2 6

T R U C K O R I V E R S . L I G H T TRUCK ------------------M A NUF AC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

209
32
177

3 .4 9
3 . 84
3 .4 3

T R U C K O R I V E R S . MEDIUM TRUCK ---------------MANU FA CT URI NG ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1 .3 0 7
90
1 .2 1 7
567

5 . 94
* . 22
6 .0 6
8 .7 5

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HEAVY TRUCK ------------------M A NUF AC TU RIN G -------------------------------------------------

166
160

4 .1 7
4 . 18

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------------------------n o n » a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------

137
137

3 . 28
3 .2 8

T R U C K O R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R -------M A NUF AC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

803
210
593
200

5 .5 6
3 .9 5
6 .1 3
7 .0 1

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S -------M A NU F A C T U RI NG -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ------------------------------------------

960
30
9 30

3 .0 4
3 .8 4
3 .0 1

S H IP P E R S -----------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

52
36

4 .6 5
5 .0 7

R E C E I V E R S --------------------------------------------------------------------MANU FA CT URI NG ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

101
26
75

4 .7 7
3 .9 7
5 .0 5

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

9

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
San Antonio, Tex., for selected periods
In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p 5

M ay 1972
to
M ay 1973

M ay 1973
to
M ay 1974

M ay 1974
to
M ay 1975

M ay 1975
to
M ay 1976

M ay 1976
to
M ay 1977

M ay 1977
to
M ay 1978

M ay 197 8
to
M ay 1979

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g __________________________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ______________________________________
.Skilled m a in te n a n ce tra d e s
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s ____________________________

5.2
( 6)
(6)
6.2
4.5

9.9
(6)
(6)
9.1
10.9

8.6
2.6
(6)
6.6
8.8

8.3
3.0
(6 )
8.3
9.2

6.0
7.3
(6 )
9.4
11.0

7.8
6.9
(6)
6.5
9.9

8.5
4.4
(6 )
9.8
7.9

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ______________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ____________________________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s __________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o rk e rs

(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6 )
5.7

( 6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6)
8.8

(6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
9.2

( 6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
10.4

(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6)
8.9

(6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
9.0

(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6)
8.3

5.0

10.5
O
(6)
11.8

8.5
2.8
(6 )
9.1

8.5
2.4
(6 )
8.9

5.7
6.8
(6 )
11.4

7.9
6.6
(6 )
10.0

8.4

N on m an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________________________________ ______
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g __________________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ____________ ________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s ______________________________




(f)
(6 )
4.3

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

10

(‘ )
(6 )
7.9

Table A-8.

Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
O ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n be in g c o m p a r e d —

O c c u p a tio n

w h ic h e q u a ls

100

Secretaries

Class C

Class B

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S « ---------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ---------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ---------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S e ----------------------------S T E N O G R A P H E R S , g e n f r a l ----------------------TR A N SCR IBIN G -M ArH IN F T Y P I S T S - T Y P I S T S . C L A S S • ----------------------------------------T Y P I S T S . C L A S S » ----------------------------------------F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S « ----------------------------S W IT C HB OA RD O P E R A T O R S -------------------------S W IT C HB OA RD O P E R A T O R R E C E P T I O N I S T S ----------------------------------------------ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------------------------A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A-------A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B-------B00KKEEP ING -M ACH IN E
O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R------------------------------P A Y R O L L C L E R K S --------------------------------------------KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A—
KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R—

Class D

Class E

S ten ographers,
general

Tran­
scrib in g m achine
typist

Class A

Typists
F ile clerics,
class B
Class B

S w itch ­
board
operators

S w itch ­
board
op era torrecep ­
tionists

A ccou n tin g clerics
class B
Class A

Class B

B ook­
k eep in g m achine
operators,
class B

Key entry operators
Payroll
clerks
Class A

Class B

10C

it s
1 3C
t A7
lit
(6 1
156
1 71
183
149

ICC
117
12A
139
(61
137
(6 )
156
128

100
11“
118
(6 1
(6 1
132
(61
119

100
(6 1
(6 1
116
115
116
117

10C
(61
(6 )
113
(61
(6 )

100
96
(6 1
(6 1
(6 1

100
11“
111
(6 1

137
(6 )
1 12
1 32

136
112
1C7
133

119
138
94
115

103
(6 1
89
107

113
(61
87
99

96
(61
79
(6 1

112
(6 1
80
97

(61

(61
121
1 AG
155

(6 1
IC O
12A
135

(61
117
11C
126

(6 1
102
107
(6 1

(61
90
97
1 07

(6 1
(6 )

(6 1
85
86
101

(6 1
82
82
94

(61

100

100
(61
81
(61
(61

72

100
88
107
(61
70
80
(61

(61
(61
91

1 00
(6 1
83
10 A

100
102
77
97

1 00
88
100

10C
125

100

91
79
(6 1
107

(61
89
87
98

(6 1
(61
(61
111

118
111
116
1 23

87
88
95
105

(6 1

100
101
(61
(61

100
105
118

100
120

100

P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n be in g c o m p a r e d —

C om pu ter systems
analysts (business),
class B

COMPU TER S Y S T F K S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S « ---------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S R---------------------------COMPU TER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S C---------------------------COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A-------COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S 8 -------CO MPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ------O R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -----------------------------------O R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------------------------------D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------------ELEC TRON IC S T E C H N IC IA N S .
C L A S S R--------------------------------------------------------------

C om puter program mers (business)

Class B

Drafters

C om pu ter operators

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

E lectronics
tech nician s,
class B

100
130

100

(6 )
138
171
(6 1
(6)
(6 1
(6 1

118
110
1 33
153
(6 1
(6 1
(6 1

100
99
115
(6 1
(6 )
(6 !
(61

100
130
137
(6 1
(6 1
(6 !

100
116
(61
77
(61

100
(6 1
(6 !
(6 1

too
128
158

100
129

100

(6 !

(6 1

(61

(6 1

(6 1

(61

(6 1

(6 1

(61

100

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .

F o r e x a m p le , a value o f 122 in d ica te s the e a rn in g s fo r the occu p a tion d ir e c t ly
NOTE:
T a b le s A - 8 and A -9 p r e s e n t the a v e ra g e pay r e la tio n s h ip be tw e e n p a ir s o f o c c u p a tio n s within e s ta b lis h m e n ts ,
above in the h ead in g a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than earn in gs fo r the o cc u p a tio n d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a value o f 85 in d ica te s e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n in the heading are 15 p e r c e n t
b e lo w e a rn in g s f o r the o c c u p a t io n in the stub.
See app en dix A f o r m eth od o f com pu tation .




11

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations, San Antonio, Tex., May 1979
M a in te n a n ce , t o o lr o o m , and pow erpla n t o ccu p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —
M ech an ics

Occupation wh ic h equals 100

Stationary engineers

Trades helpers

E lectricians

B oiler tenders

M otor v eh icles

M achinery

103

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M ACH IN ER Y! --------------------------------------------MAINTENANCE m e c h a n i c s
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ! -------------------------------MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS--------ST ATIONARY ENGINEERS------------------------BOILER TENDERS----------------------------------------

100

100

117
132
1 0«
138

101
131
103
126

100
120
101
116

100
87
93

100
113

100

M a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l o ccu p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —
Truckdrivers
Shippers
Light truck

TR UCKDRIVERS. L I 6 H T TRUCK-----------TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK--------TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK-----------TRUCKORIVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A I L E R .
SHIPPERS------------------------------------------------------RECEIV ERS ----------------------------------------------------SHIPPERS AND R EC EIV ERS ------------------WAREHOUSEMEN--------------------------------------------ORDER F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------SH IPPING PACKERS----------------------------------MATERIAL HA NOLIN6 LABORERS--------F O R K L I F T OPERATORS-----------------------------GUARDS. CLASS 8------------------------------------J A N I T O R S . P OR TER S. AND
CLEANERS-----------------------------------------------------

W arehousem en

Order fillers

Shipping packers

M aterial
handling
laboreis

100
(6 !
122
( 61
120
(61
121

100
(6 !
(61
(61
(6 )
105

100
(61
(61
92
(6 !

too
(61
101
100

ICO
fla

129

(6 1

103

113

1

Shippers and
receivers

R eceiv ers

T ra ctor-tra iler

M ediu m truck

H eavy truck

100
95
(6 !
78
9A
(6 1
88
83
106
109
106
95
103

100
95
99
(6 !
94
88
136
101
100
107
99
IDA

100
136
(61
(6 !
(61
(6 !
(6 !
(61
(6 !
(6 !
137

100
(6 1
98
(6 1
(6 !
119
(6 1
123
107
112

100
99
(6 !
(61
113
110
(6 !
89
(61

100
(61
(61
116
103
(61
106
106

(6 !

122

111

116

109

124

Forklift operators Guards, class B

96

100
99

10C

C3

in

108

Janitors, porters,
and clean ers

IC C

See footn ote at end o f ta b le s .

N O T E : T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pay re la tio n s h ip betw een p a ir s o f o c c u p a tio n s w ithin e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F o r e x a m p le , a value o f 122 in d ica te s that ea rn in g s f o r the o c c u p a tio n d ir e c t ly
a b o v e in the heading a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a rn in g s f o r the o c c u p a tio n d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a value o f 85 in d ica te s e a rn in g s f o r the o c c u p a tio n in the heading a r e 15 p e r c e n t
b e lo w ea rn in gs f o r the o c c u p a tio n in the stub.
See app endix A f o r m eth od o f co m p u ta tio n .




12

Footnotes

1 Stan dard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the earn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to th ese
w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 The m ea n is co m p u te d fo r ea ch jo b by totaling the ea rn in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and divid in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . The m ed ian d esign a tes
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sa m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the sa m e o r le s s than the rate show n. The m iddle ran ge is d efin ed by two
r a te s o f pay: a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s ea rn the sam e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th e s e ra te s and a fou rth ea rn the sa m e o r m o r e than the h ig h e r rate.




3 E a rn in gs data rela te on ly to w o r k e r s w hose sex id en tifica tion was
p r o v id e d by the esta b lish m en t.
4 E x clu d es p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends,
h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
5 E stim a tes fo r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 rela te to m en o.nly fo r
sk ille d m ain ten an ce and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s . A ll oth er e stim a tes relate
to m en and w om en .
6 Data do not m eet p u b lica tion c r it e r ia o r data not av ailable.

13

Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each o f the 72 1 a rea s c u r r e n tly su r v e y e d , the B u reau obtain s
w a g es and re la te d b e n e fits data fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e esta b lish m en ts w ithin
s ix broa d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ica tion ,
and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce,
and read e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s . G ov ern m en t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n
and e x tr a c tiv e in d u strie s a re e x clu d e d . E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than a
p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s are a lso ex clu d ed b e c a u se o f in su fficie n t
em p loym en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied . A pp en dix ta ble 1 sh ow s the num ber
o f e sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s e stim a te d to be w ithin the s c o p e o f this su rv e y ,
as w e ll as the n u m ber a ctu a lly stu d ied.
B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v is its at 3 - y ea r
in te r v a ls . In each o f the two in terven in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loym en t
and o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s o n ly is c o lle c t e d by a com b in a tion o f p e r s o n a l v is it,
m a il q u e stio n n a ir e , and telep h on e in te r v ie w fr o m esta b lish m en ts p a rticip a tin g
in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
A sa m p le o f the e sta b lis h m e n ts in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is s e le c t e d
fo r study p r io r to each p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h is sa m p le, le s s e sta b ­
lish m en ts w h ich go out o f b u s in e s s o r are no lo n g e r w ithin the in d u stria l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is re ta in e d f o r the fo llo w in g two annual s u r v e y s . In
m o s t c a s e s , esta b lis h m e n ts new to the a r e a a re not c o n s id e r e d in the s c o p e
o f the su r v e y until the s e le c t io n o f a sa m p le fo r a p e r s o n a l v is it su r v e y .
The sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d eta iled s tr a tific a tio n o f all e sta b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f an in dividu al a re a s u r v e y b y in d u stry and
n um ber o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m this s t r a tifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le
is s e le c te d , w ith each esta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e ­
le c tio n . T o obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n
o f la rg e than s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d . W hen data are c o m b in e d ,
each esta b lis h m e n t is w eigh ted a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n so
that u n b iased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r ex a m p le , if on e out o f fou r
esta b lish m en ts is s e le c t e d , it is g iv en a w eig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plus
th ree o th e r s . An a ltern a te o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o s e n in the
sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c la s s ific a t io n if data a re not a v a ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l
sa m p le m e m b e r . If no su ita b le su bstitu te is a v a ila b le , ad ditional w eigh t is
a ssign ed to a sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p a tion s and ea rn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d f o r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u fa c­
turing and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s ;
(1)
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, to o lr o o m ,

and p ow erp lan t; and (4) m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t arid c u s to d ia l. O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n iform s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d es ig n e d to take
accou n t o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
O ccu p a tion s se le cte d fo r study are lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
U n less o th e rw is e in d icated , the ea rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
title s are fo r all in d u stries c o m b in e d . E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f the
occu p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r so m e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin the
s c o p e o f the su rvey , are not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b les b e c a u se
e ith er (1) em p loym en t in the occu p a tio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it p resen ta tion , o r (2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
esta b lis h m e n t data. Separate m e n 's and w o m e n 's earn in g s data a re not
p r e se n te d when the num ber o f w o r k e r s not id en tified by s e x is 20 p e r ce n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en id en tified in an o c cu p a tio n . E a rn in gs data
not show n sep a ra tely fo r in du stry d iv is io n s a re in clu ded in data fo r all
in d u stries com b in ed . L ik e w is e , fo r o c cu p a tio n s w ith m o r e than on e le v e l,
data a re included in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
not shown o r in form ation to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t and ea rn in g s data a re show n fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le . E a rn in gs
data ex clu d e p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s,
and la te sh ifts. N on production b on u ses a re e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g
a llow a n ces and in cen tive b on u ses a re in clu d ed . W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e
c le r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s r e fe r to the standard
w ork w eek (rounded to the n e a r e st h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at re g u la r
a n d /o r p rem iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th e se o c cu p a tio n s a re
rounded to the n ea rea t h alf d o lla r . V e r t ic a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on som e A -t a b le s in dicate a ch a n ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in te r v a ls .
T h e s e su rv e y s m e a s u re the le v e l o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r tic u la r tim e. C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u al o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e fle c t ex p ected w age c h a n g e s . T he a v e r a g e s f o r in dividu al jo b s
are a ffe c te d by changes in w ages and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s. F o r ex a m p le,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o rk e r s em p loyed by h igh - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch a n ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
pation al a v era g e even though m o s t e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w ag es
du ring the y e a r . C hanges in earn in g s o f o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , show n in table
A - 7, a re b etter in d ica to rs o f w ag e tre n d s than a re ea rn in g s ch a n g es fo r
in dividu al jo b s w ithin the g rou p s.
A v e ra g e ea rn in gs r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w id e e s t im a te s . In du stries
sta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
in in div idu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts.

1
Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
and esta b lish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ited area
d iffe r e n t ly to the estim a te s fo r each jo b . P a y
studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S.
a c c u r a te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s
Department o f Labor.




A v e r a g e pay le v e ls f o r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d occu p a tion s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ithin in dividu al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m ay con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ran ges (on ly the rates paid in cu m bents a re
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties within the g e n e ra l s u r v e y job
d e s c r ip t io n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify em p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s
u su a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al esta b lish m en ts
and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong estab lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e stim a tes r e p re s e n t the total in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e of the study and not the num ber a ctu a lly su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o c cu p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r , e stim a te s of
o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le of e sta b lish m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the ea rn in g s data.

P e r c e n t changes fo r in dividu al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m are com puted
as fo llo w s :
1. A v e ra g e earn ings a re com pu ted fo r ea ch occu pation fo r
the 2 y e a rs being co m p a re d .
The a v e ra g e s are deriv ed
fr o m earn ings in th ose estab lish m en ts w hich are in
the su r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a ssu m ed that em ploym ent
rem a in s unchanged.
2.

E ach occu p a tion is a ssig n ed a w eight ba sed on its p r o ­
p ortion ate em p loym en t in the occu p a tion a l group in the
b a se y e a r.

3.

T h e se w eigh ts a r e u sed to com pu te grou p a v era g es.
E ach o ccu p a tio n 's a v era g e earn in gs (com p u ted in step 1)
is m u ltip lied by its w eight.
The prod u cts a r e totaled to
obtain a grou p a v era g e.

4.

The ra tio o f grou p a v e ra g e s fo r 2 co n s e cu tiv e y ea rs is
com pu ted by dividing the a v e r a g e fo r the cu rren t y ea r by
the a v era g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r.
The r e su lt— e x p ressed
as a p e rce n t— le s s 100 is the p e r ce n t change.

W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l grou ps
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p re se n te d in ta ble A -7 a r e b a se d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en in esta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p rev iou s y e a r (m a tch ed e sta b lis h m e n ts).
T h e data a r e a d ju ste d to r e m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v e ra g e earn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am on g e sta b lis h m e n ts and tu rn ov er o f e sta b lish m e n ts in clu ded
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h ow ev er, a r e still a ffe c te d by
fa c t o r s oth er than w ag e in c r e a s e s .
H irin g s, la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m ay a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e fo r an o ccu p a tion when w o rk e r s a re paid u nder plans
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w ag e r a te s fo r in dividu al jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m a y en ter at the b o tto m o f the ra n ge,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a change in w age rates.
T h e p e r c e n t ch a n g es re la te to w age changes betw een the in d ica ted
d a te s.
W hen the tim e span betw een su rv e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e a ls o show n.
(it is a s s u m e d that w ages in c r e a s e at a con stan t rate
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O ccu p a tion s u s e d to com p u te w age tren d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g —
Continued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S ten og ra p h ers, gen era l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
O rd e r c l e r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c co u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K ey e n try o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C om pu ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
C o m p u te r s y s te m s an alysts,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
 c la s s e s A , B , and C



In du stria l n u rses
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
nur s e s
S k illed m ain ten an ce
C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
P a in ters
M ach in ists
M ech a n ics (m a ch in e ry )
M ech a n ics (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n sk illed plant
J a n ito rs, p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a teria l handling la b o r e r s

F o r a m o r e d eta iled d e s c r ip tio n o f the m ethod u sed to com pute these
w age tr e n d s , se e "Im p ro v in g A re a W age S u rvey In d e x e s ," M onthly Labor
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52 -57 .
A v e ra g e pay rela tion sh ip s w ithin estab lish m en ts
R e la tiv e m e a s u re s o f occu p a tion a l pay a re p resen ted in table A -8
fo r w h it e -c o lla r occu p a tion s and in table A - 9 fo r b lu e -c o lla r occu pation s.
T h e se r e la tiv e v alu es r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay betw een occu pation s within
in dividu al esta b lish m en ts.
R ela tiv e pay valu es a r e com pu ted by dividing an
e sta b lis h m e n t's a v e ra g e earn ings fo r an o ccu p a tion being com p a red by the
a v e ra g e fo r another occu p a tion (d esign a ted as 100) and m ultiplying the quotient
by 100.
F o r ex a m p le, if ja n ito r s in a fir m a v e ra g e $4 an hour and fo rk lift
o p e r a to r s $ 5 , fo r k lift o p e r a to rs have a r e la tiv e pay value of 125 com p a red
w ith ja n ito r s .
($ 5 -f $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.) In com bin in g the re la tiv e s of
the in dividu al esta b lish m en ts to a r r iv e at an o v e ra ll a v e ra g e , each esta b lis h ­
m en t is c o n s id e r e d to have as m any r e la tiv e s as it has w eighted w ork ers
in the two jo b s being com p a red .
P ay rela tion sh ip s ba sed on o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s m a y d iffe r con sid era b ly
b e c a u se o f the v a ryin g con trib u tion o f h ig h - and low -w a g e establishm ents to
the a v e r a g e s .
F o r e x a m p le, the o v e r a ll a v e ra g e h ou rly earnings fo r fo r k lift
o p e r a to r s m ay be 50 p e rce n t m o r e than the a v e ra g e fo r ja n itors b eca u se the
a v e r a g e fo r fo r k lift o p e r a to rs m a y be stro n g ly in flu en ced by earnings in
h ig h -w a g e esta b lish m en ts w hile the a v e ra g e fo r ja n ito rs m ay be stron g ly
in flu en ced b y earn in gs in lo w -w a g e esta b lish m en ts.
In such a c a s e , the
in tr a -e s ta b lis h m e n t re la tion sh ip w ill in d ica te a m u ch sm a lle r d iffe r e n c e
in ea rn in g s.
E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en tary w age p r o v is io n s
T abu lation s on s e le c t e d esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supplem entary
w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a re not p resen ted in this bulletin. In fo rm a ­
tion fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls .
T h ese tabulations
on m in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe r ­
en tia ls; sch ed u led w eek ly h ours and d a ys; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a ca tion s; and
h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion plans a r e p re se n te d (in the B -s e r i e s ta b les)
in p r e v io u s bu lletin s fo r this a rea .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
San Antonio, Tex.,1 May 1979

In d u s t r y d iv is io n 2

Minim um
em pl oy m e nt
in e st a b li sh ment s in scope
of study

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------------------TR AN SP OR TA TIO N, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUMLIC U T I L I T I F S 5 ----------------------------------------------WHOLESALE T RAD E6 -------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRAOE 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E , INSUR AN CE, AND REAL E S T A T E 6 ----------------SER VICE S 6 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Within scope of study 4
W it hi n scope
of study 3

Number

Percent

1*8

1 18 ,0 3 2

100

61,303

50
*

136
44*

*0
108

3 3 ,0 8 8
8 * , 9 A*

28
72

1 8.075
*3.228

50
50
50
50
50

49
79
161
74
81

19
13
29
12
35

1 2, 0 07
7 ,5 0 6
3 9 .6 1 8
12 ,371
1 3 ,* 4 2

10
6
3*
10
11

8.8*9
1.562
17,968
7.*86
7,363

1 The San A n ton io Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the
O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B u dget through F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f B e x a r , C o m a l,
and Guadalupe C o u n tie s. The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s p r o v id e a
r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e
in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a re not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r is o n with
o th e r s t a t is t ic a l s e r ie s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning
o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1972 e d itio n o f the S tandard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed
in c la s s ify in g es ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
A ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s are
e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m
lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s s u ch as tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as one
e s ta b lis h m e n t.




Studied

Studied

580

ALL INDUSTRY D I V I S I O N S -------------------------------------------------m an u factur in g

W o r k e r s i n es tablishments

N u m b e r of establishments

4 In clu d es a ll w o rk e rs in a ll es ta b lis h m en ts w ith tota l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the
a r e a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u tilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n are e x c lu d e d . San A n to n io 's e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , and tr a n s it s y s te m s a re m u n icip a lly o p e r a te d and a r e e x c lu d e d b y d efin ition
fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
6 S ep a ra te data fo r this d iv isio n a re not p r e s e n t e d in the A - and B - s e r i e s
t a b le s , but the d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in the " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g "
e s t im a t e s .
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d ries and oth er p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , re n ta l, and park in g; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a rita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and
a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

t

16

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p rep a rin g jo b d e s cr ip tio n s fo r the B u ­
r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld re p re s e n ta tiv e s in c la s s ify in g
in to a p p ro p ria te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who are em p loyed under a v a r ie ty
o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rran gem en ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to
esta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a r e a to a re a . T h is p e r m its grou pin g o ccu p a tion a l
w age r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content. B eca u se o f th is e m ­
p h a sis on in te r e sta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a com p a ra b ility o f occu p a tion a l
con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m th ose
in u se in in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p re p a re d fo r oth er p u rp o s e s .
In applying th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u rea u 's fie ld r e p re s e n ta tiv e s
a r e in s tr u c te d to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tice s ; and p a r t t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H andicapped w o r k e r s w hose
ea rn in g s a re r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th eir handicap are a lso ex clu d ed .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and tr a in e e s , u n less s p e c ific a lly in clu d ed in the
jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , a re e x clu d e d .

Office
SE CRE TARY

SE C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. M ain ­
tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly r e s p o n s iv e re la tion sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y a c tiv itie s o f
the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s fa ir ly independently r e ce iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l duties
r e q u ir in g a k n ow led ge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E xclusion s-— Continued
e.

f.
E x c lu s io n s . Not a ll p o s itio n s that are title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p les o f p o s itio n s w hich a re e x clu d ed fr o m the
d efin ition a r e as fo llo w s :

S e c r e ta r y jo b s w h ich m eet the r e q u ir e d c h a r a c t e r is tic s are m atched
at one o f fiv e le v e ls a c c o r d in g to (a) the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y 's su p e r v is o r
w ithin the co m p a n y 's org a n iz a tio n a l s tru c tu re and, (b) the le v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility . The tabu lation fo llo w in g the explanations o f th ese
tw o fa c t o r s in d ica tes the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r each com bin ation o f
the fa c t o r s .

b . S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e ta r ia l-ty p e du ties;
S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o ffic e a ssista n ts to a grou p o f p r o ­
fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n s ;

d.

A s s is t a n t-ty p e p o s itio n s w hich en tail m o r e d ifficu lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in istra tiv e, o r s u p e r v is o r y duties
w h ich a re not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork , e .g ., A d m in istra tiv e
A s s is ta n t , o r E x e cu tiv e A ssista n t:




T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l

a. P o s itio n s w h ich do not m eet the. "p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cep t
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

c.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not fit any o f the situations lis te d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w title d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r ," e . g , s e c r e ta r y to the
p r e sid e n t o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v iso r (LS)
LS—1

17

a. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll orga n iza tion a l
unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

C la s s ific a tio n b y L e v e l— Continued

C la s s ific a tio n b y L e v e l— Continued

b. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o ffic e r o r a s sista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n
o r e x p e rt.
(NOTE:
M any com p a n ies a s s i g n ste n o g r a p h e rs ,
ra th er tham s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b ov e, to th is le v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
LS—
2

a.

S e c r e ta r y to am e x e cu tiv e o r m am agerial p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ility is not equ ivalent to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in
the d efin ition fo r LS— , but w h ose o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit n o rm a lly
3
n u m b ers at le a st s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d ivided
into o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w h ich a re o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth er
su bd ivid ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a w ide ramge
o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one or tw o; o r

b. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plan t, fa c t o r y , e t c ., (or
oth er equ ivalent le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, few er
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
LS—
3

N O TE : The te r m "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r " u sed in the above L>S defin ition
r e fe r s to th ose o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te w id e p olicy m a k in g
r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pany a c tiv it ie s .
The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ,"
though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f th is r o l e , d oes not in a ll c a s e s id en tify su ch
p o s itio n s . V ic e p resid en ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r s o n a lly
on in dividu al c a s e s o r tra n sa ctio n s (e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny in div idu al loan
o r c re d it a ction s; ad m in ister in dividu al tr u st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c tly s u p e r v is e a
c le r i c a l sta ff) are not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u rp o s e s
o f applying the defin ition.
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n sib ility (L R )
T h is fa c to r evalu ates the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r ,
e x p e cte d to e x e r c is e in itiative and
at LR—1 o r LR—2 d e s c r ib e d below

n ature o f the w ork r e la tio n s h ip betw een
and the extent to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
ju d g m en t. S e c r e t a r ie s sh ou ld be m a tch ed
a c c o r d in g to th e ir le v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ility .

LR—1. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l du ties in clu din g o r co m p a ra b le
to m o s t o f the follow in g :

a. S e c r e ta r y to the chairm am o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r tham 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

a.
b.

g re e ts

person al

T y p e s, takes and t r a n s c r ib e s d icta tio n , and file s .

ca len d a r

c a lle r s ,

and m a k es

and opens

appoin tm en ts

in ­

M ay

as

LR—2. P e r fo r m s duties d e s c r ib e d under LR—1 and, in addition
p e r fo r m s ta sk s req u irin g g r e a te r ju d g m en t, in itia tiv e , and k n ow l­
edge o f o ffic e functions in clu din g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t o f the
fo llow in g :
a. S c r e e n s teleph on e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d eterm in in g w h ich cam
be hamdled by the s u p e r v is o r 's su b ord in a tes o r oth er o f f ic e s .

a. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pa n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r tham 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

c. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com pa n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

18

A n sw ers r eq u ests w hich r e q u ir e a d eta iled k n ow led ge o f o f ­
fic e p r o ce d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo rm a tio n fr o m file s or
oth er o f f ic e s .
May sign rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in ow n or
s u p e r v is o r 's naime.

c.

b. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r (oth er tham the chairm am o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0
but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or




M aintains s u p e r v is o r ’ s
in stru cted .

e.

e. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e amd im portam t o rg a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le m anagem ent s u p e r v is o r o f am o r g a n i­
za tion a l seg m en t often in volvin g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a compamy that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
LS—
4

R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
oth ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r ’ s sign a tu re to en su re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p og ra p h ica l a c c u r a c y .

d.

d. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f am in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e t c ., (or
oth er equ ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

A n sw ers telephon e re q u e sts w h ich have stan dard a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to r eq u ests by sending a fo r m le t t e r .

c.

c . S e c r e ta r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l) o v e r
e ith er a m a jo r c o rp o r a te w id e fu n ction a l a ctiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u str ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ead q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a compamy that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r tham 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; or

A n sw ers te le p h o n e s,
com in g m a il.

b.

S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er tham chairm am o f the
b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t) o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but fe w e r tham 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

C om p iles o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o r t s on the b a sis
o f g e n e ra l in stru ctio n s.

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ilit y (L R —2)— Continued

P r im a r y duty is to type cop y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d dictation w hich does
not in volve v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v oca b u la ry such as that used in
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten
c o p y . M ay m aintain f ile s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er rela tiv ely
routine c le r i c a l ta sk s . (See Stenograph er defin ition fo r w o rk e rs involved
with shorthand dicta tion .)

d. S ch e d u le s ten ta tiv e appointm ents without p r io r c le a r a n c e . A s ­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y ba ck g rou n d m a te r ia l fo r sch ed u led m e e tin g s .
M akes a rra n g e m e n ts fo r m eetin gs and c o n fe r e n c e s .
e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r 's re q u ire m e n ts to oth er e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o ty p e s , takes dictation , and f ile s .)
T Y P IS T

The fo llo w in g ta bu la tion show s the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r each
LS and LR co m b in a tio n .
L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
_____ s u p e r v is o r _____

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility
LR—1

LS—1
LS—2
LS—3
LS—
4

C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

E
D
C
B

LR—2
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

D
C
B
A

U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a te ria ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r c a lcu la tio n s have been m ade b y another p e r so n . M ay include
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in duplicating p r o c ­
esses.
M ay do c le r i c a l w o rk in volvin g little s p e c ia l train in g, such as
keepin g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r sortin g and distribu ting
in com in g m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; Typing m a teria l
in fin a l fo r m when it in v o lv e s com bin in g m a te r ia l fr o m se v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp ellin g , sy lla b ica tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f te c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layout and
typing o f c o m p lica te d s ta tis tic a l ta bles to m aintain u n ifo rm ity and balance in
sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t te r s , v a ryin g d eta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n ce s .

STENOGRAPH ER
P r im a r y duty is to take dicta tion using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d icta tion . M ay a ls o ty p e fr o m w ritten cop y . May op era te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ice r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a ry
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c rib in g -M a c h in e T y p ist).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a con fid en tia l re la tio n sh ip w ith on ly one m a n ­
a g er o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the S e c r e ta r y jo b d efin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r .
D icta tion in volves a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d
v o c a b u la r y su ch as In le g a l b r ie fs or r e p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay
a ls o set up and m a in tain f i l e s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic duties requ irin g sig n ifica n tly g r e a te r in d e ­
p en den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than sten og ra p h er, g e n e ra l, as e v id en ced by the
fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u ir e s a high d e g re e o f sten ograph ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou g h w ork in g kn ow led ge o f g e n e ra l b u sin ess and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u sin e s s o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iza tion , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , file s ,
w o rk flo w , e tc . U ses th is know ledge in p e rfo rm in g sten og ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as m aintaining follow u p f ile s ; a ssem b lin g
m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d a , and le tte r s ; c o m p o s in g sim p le le tte rs
fr o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; read in g and routing in com in g m a il; and an sw erin g
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , etc.
S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e ra l. D icta tion in v olv es a n orm al routine v o ca b u la ry . M ay
m ain tain f i l e s , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la tiv e ly routine
c l e r i c a l ta sk s.




C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w ing: C opy typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d ra fts ; o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r setting up sim p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x tables
a lre a d y set up and sp aced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C LE RK
F ile s , c la s s if i e s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an estab lish ed filing
s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m c le r i c a l and m anual tasks r e q u ire d to m aintain file s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the follow in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n ce , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o cu m e n ts, e t c ., in an e sta b lish ed filin g sy stem
contain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b je ct m a tter f ile s . M ay a ls o file this
m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s types in con ju n ction with the file s .
M ay lea d a sm a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y sim ple
(s u b je c t m a tte r) h eadin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y fin er subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s im p le rela ted in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s. A s requ ested ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a rd s m a te r ia l. M ay
p e r fo r m re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ire d to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w hich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n
sy s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e ric a l). A s requ ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a rd s m a te r ia ls ; and m ay
f ill out w ith draw al c h a rg e . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ire d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f ile s .

M ESSENGER

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u ed

P e r fo r m s v a rio u s routine duties su ch as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in or o ffic e m a ch in es su ch as s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and d istribu tin g
m a il, and oth er m in or c le r i c a l w ork . E x clu de p o s itio n s that r e q u ire o p e r a ­
tion of a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

C la ss B. H andles o r d e r s in v olv in g ite m s w h ich have r e a d ily id e n ­
tifie d u se s and a p p lica tio n s . M ay r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m a n u al,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in sd re that p r o p e r ite m is su p p lied o r to v e r ify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R

ACCOUNTIN G C LE R K

O p era tes a telep h on e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p riv a te
bran ch exch an ge (P B X ) sy ste m to r e la y in co m in g , ou tgoin g, and in tra s y s te m
c a lls . M ay p r o v id e in form a tion to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tra n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
keep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la ce d and to ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s op era tin g a telephon e
sw itch boa rd o r c o n s o le , m ay a lso type o r p e r fo r m routine c le r i c a l w ork
(typing o r routine c l e r i c a l w ork m ay o c cu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le ).
C hief
o r lead o p e r a t o r s in esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a re
exclu ded.
F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso a cts as a r e c e p t io n is t , see S w itchboard
O p era tor -R e c e p tio n is t.

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts;
a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accoun tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a riou s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p rep a rin g sim p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
v ou ch ers.
May w ork in eith er a m anu al o r au tom ated a ccou n tin g s y s te m .

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le , a cts both as
an op e ra to r— see Sw itch board O p era tor— and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e ce p tio n ist's
w ork in volves such duties as g reetin g v is it o r s ; d eterm in in g nature o f v is ito r 's
bu sin ess and p rov id in g a p p ro p ria te in form a tion ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
priate p e r s o n in the org a n iz a tio n o r con tactin g that p e r s o n by teleph on e and
arran gin g an appointm ent; keepin g a log o f v is it o r s .
ORDER C L E R K
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e rch a n d ise fr o m c u s to m e r s o r sa le s p e o p le . W ork ty p ic a lly in volves
som e com bin a tion o f the follow in g d u ties: Quoting p r ic e s ; determ in in g a v a il­
ability o f o r d e r e d item s and su ggestin g substitutes, when n e c e s s a r y ; advising
exp ected d e liv e r y date and m ethod o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and cu s to m e r
in form ation on o r d e r sh eets; ch eck in g o r d e r sh eets fo r a c c u r a c y and
adequacy o f in form a tion r e c o r d e d ; a s ce rta in in g c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r with ackn ow led gem ent o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to see that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date o r to let cu s to m e r know
o f a delay in d e liv e r y ; m aintaining o r d e r file ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ice
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .
E x clu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h ose duties
include any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s fo r s e r v ic e s rath er than fo r
m a te ria l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p rovid in g c u s to m e r s w ith con su ltative a d vice
using kn ow led ge gained fr o m en gin eerin g o r ex ten siv e te c h n ic a l train in g ;
em p hasizing s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise as an in teg ra l
part o f the jo b .
P o s itio n s
defin ition s:

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o rd in g

to

the

follow in g

C la ss A . H andles o r d e r s that in volve m aking ju dgm en ts su ch as
ch oosin g w hich s p e c ific p rod u ct o r m a te r ia l fr o m the e s ta b lis h m e n t's prod u ct
lin es w ill sa tis fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d eterm in in g the p r ic e to be
quoted when p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r
m aking som e sim p le m a th em a tica l c a lcu la tio n s .




The w ork re q u ire s a k n ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f ic e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w hich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n sa ctio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n . W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in the a ssig n ed w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a kn ow led ge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o ok k eep in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d
d e fin itio n s :

into

le v e ls on the b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la ss A . U nder g en e ra l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n ! w hich r e q u ire the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d or n o n r e p e titiv e a ccou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , se le ctin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c t io n s th rou g h p r e v io u s a ccou n tin g
a ction s to d eterm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by on e o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B. Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s
and stan dardized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e rou tin e a ccou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f item s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly in d icated ;
ch eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and cod in g d o cu m e n ts u sin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accou n tin g c o d e s .
B O O K K EE PIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a bookkeeping m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y ­
b oa rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .
C lass A . K eeps a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a kn ow led ge o f and
e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic book k eepin g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the stru c tu re
o f the p a rticu la r accoun tin g sy ste m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d istrib u tion o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch p h a se o f the w ork .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and oth e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B . K eeps a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su ally req u irin g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g .
P h a ses o r s e ctio n s in clu de a ccou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts
(not in cluding a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u nder m a ch in e b i lle r ),

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

c o s t d istribu tion * ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in ven tory c o n tro l, e tc . M ay ch e ck
o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l ba la n ces and p rep a re c o n t r o l sh eets fo r
the a ccou n tin g dep a rtm en t.

C la ss B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e . Under c lo s e su p erv ision
o r follow in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tru ctio n s , w ork s fr o m v a riou s stan ­
d a rd ize d s o u r c e docu m en ts w h ich have b een co d e d , and follow s s p e cifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and r e q u ire little o r no
s e le c tin g , co d in g , o r in terp retin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to su p e r ­
v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r cod es o r m issin g
in form a tion .

M ACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b ills , and in v o ice s on a m a ch in e oth er than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w rite r . M ay a lso keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r i c a l w ork in ciden tal to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m achine b ille r s a re c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a sp e cia l billing m ach in e (com b in a tion
typing and adding m ach in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v oices fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in tern a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m em ora n d a , etc.
U sually in v olv es a p p lica tion o f p red eterm in ed discou n ts and shipping ch a rg e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m ay o r m ay not be com pu ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w hich are a u tom atica lly accu m u la ted by
m a ch in e.
The o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v olv es a la rg e num ber o f ca rb on c o p ie s
o f the b ill being p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fanfold m a ch in e.
B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e b i l l e r . U ses a bookkeeping m ach in e (w ith or
w ithout a ty p e w rite r keyb oard ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as part o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le op era tion . G en era lly in volves the sim u ltaneou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m achine au tom atica lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n um ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com pu tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u tom a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n ces. D oes not in volve a kn ow ledge
o f b ook k eep in g . W o rk s fr o m u n iform and standard ty p es o f sa le s and
c r e d it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L C LE R K

Professional and Technical
CO M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a lyzes b u sin e s s p r o b le m s to form u la te p r o ce d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. D evelop s a com plete
d e s c r ip tio n o f all s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p rep a re
re q u ire d dig ital com p u ter p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the follow in g :
A n a lyzes su b je c t-m a tte r op e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id en tifies conditions
and c r it e r ia r e q u ir e d to ach ieve s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s num ber and
typ es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed; ou tlin es actions to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c om p u ters in su fficie n t d etail fo r presen ta tion
to m anagem ent and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ica lly th is in v olv es p rep a ra tion o f
w ork and data flow c h a rts); c o o rd in a te s the d evelopm en t o f test p rob lem s
and p a rticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and recom m en d s
equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both sy s te m s an alysis and p rog ra m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as s y ste m s an alysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to determ ine
th eir p a y.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a ge­
m ent o r s u p e rv isio n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , or s y s ­
te m s analysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r en gin eerin g p r o b le m s.
For

P e r fo r m s the c le r i c a l ta sk s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m aintain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o r k in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w age r a te s , su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits, or tax dedu ction s; editing p a y r o ll
lis tin g s against s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tra cin g and c o r r e c tin g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p re p a ra tio n o f p e r io d ic su m m ary p a y ro ll r e p o r t s . In a n on autom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w ag es. W ork m ay r e q u ire a p r a c tic a l
kn ow ledge o f g ov ern m en ta l re g u la tio n s, com pany p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
co m p u te r sy ste m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e rify alphabetic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.
a r e c la s s ifie d into

sy ste m s

M ay p ro v id e fu n ction al d ir e c tio n to
who are a s sig n e d to a s s is t.

le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g

analysts

are

c la s s ifie d

as

lo w e r le v e l sy stem s analysts

C lass B . W ork s independently o r under on ly g en era l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that are r e la t iv e ly u n com p lica ted to a n a ly ze, plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s are o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e c a u se s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h om ogen eou s and the output data are c lo s e ly r e la te d . (F o r ex am p le,
d ev elop s sy ste m s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m aintaining
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il e sta b lish m en t, o r m aintaining in ven tory

C la ss A . W o rk r e q u ir e s the ap plication of e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent
in se le ctin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in search in g f o r , in terp retin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a v a rie ty o f s o u r ce d o c u ­
m en ts. On o c c a s io n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m som e routine keypunch w ork . M ay
tra in in e x p e rie n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .




study p u r p o s e s ,

C la ss A. W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g en era l d ire ctio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll ph ases o f s y s te m s a n a ly sis. P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e ca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u se r e q u ir e ­
m ents o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d ev elop s an in teg ra ted produ ction sc h e d ­
uling, in ven tory c o n t r o l, c o st a n a ly s is , and s a le s an alysis r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y ite m o f each type is a u tom a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the fu ll sy stem
o f r e c o r d s and a p p rop ria te follow u p action s are in itiated by the com p u ter.)
C on fers w ith p e r s o n s co n c e rn e d to d eterm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p rob lem s
and a d vises su b je c t-m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
sy ste m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes r e co m m e n d a tio n s , if needed,
fo r a p p rov a l o f m a jo r s y ste m s in sta lla tion s o r changes and fo r obtaining
equipm ent.

KEY EN TRY O P E R A T O R

P o s itio n s
d efin itio n s .

w age

fo llo w s :

21

COM PU TER SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

accoun ts in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le sa le esta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e rn e d to d eterm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v ises
s u b je ct-m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy ste m s
to be ap plied.

linkage poin ts between o p e r a tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e ­
q u irem en ts e x ce e d com pu ter sto ra g e c a p a city , and su bsta n tial m anipulation
and r e se q u e n cin g o f data elem en ts to fo r m a h igh ly in teg ra ted p r o g r a m .
M ay p rovid e fu nction al
a re a ssig n ed to a s s is t.

OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e or
s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly on routine a s s ig n ­
m ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ctio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts . W ork
is re v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n ce w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to
in su re p r o p e r align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , or on s im p le seg m en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (or segm en ts) usu ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th re e v a r ie d seq u en ces o r fo r m a ts . R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a re p r o d u c e d by
r e fin in g , adapting, a rra y in g , o r m aking m in o r ad dition s to o r d eletion s fr o m
input data w hich are r e a d ily a v a ila b le. W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r a ction s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g of data can be te s te d b y using a few rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m deals w ith routine r e co r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

C la ss C . W ork s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r ry in g out an aly ­
se s as a s sig n e d , u su ally o f a sin g le a c tiv ity .
A ssig n m en ts a re d esign ed to
d ev elop and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly sis w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m ay a s s is t a high er
le v e l s y ste m s analyst b y p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l an alyst.

OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t high er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s sig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e difficu lt ta sk s under fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .

CO M PU TER P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C on v erts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
sy ste m s an alyst, into a seq u en ce o f d eta iled in stru ctio n s w h ich are r e q u ir e d
to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. W orkin g fr o m
ch arts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d ev e lo p s the p r e c is e in stru ctio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d into the com p u ter s y s te m in co d e d language, ca u se the m anipu ­
lation o f data to a ch iev e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lies kn ow ledge o f com p u ter c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic em p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s, and p a rticu la r su b je ct m a tter in v o lv e d to an alyze ch a rts and
d ia gram s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d ev elop s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
step s; w rite s d eta iled flow ch a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e ch a rts to co d e d in stru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in stru ctio n s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
during p rod u ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte rs p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
operatin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tains r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev elop m en t and r e v is io n s .
(N O TE: W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both
sy ste m s a n a lysis and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s an alysts
if this is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th e ir p a y.)

M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C . M akes p r a c tic a l a p p lica tion s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n ce p ts usually lea rn ed in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s .
A s sig n m e n ts are
d esig n ed to d ev elop com p eten ce in the a p p lica tion o f stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to
routine p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a ssig n m e n ts ;
and w ork is rev iew ed to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ire d
p roced u res.
C O M PU TE R O PE R A TO R
M on itors and o p era tes the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l com p u ter to
p r o c e s s data a ccord in g to op eratin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su ally p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
g r a m m e r . W ork in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in stru ctio n s to
d eterm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm ent w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e tc .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into
c ir c u it , and starts and o p e ra te s co m p u te r ; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to com p u ter to
c o r r e c t operatin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m ade during op eration and d eterm in es ca u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m aintains o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p ro g ra m .

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a ge­
m ent o r su p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g ra m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific a n d /o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

For

C la ss A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e co m p e te n c e in a ll ph ases o f p ro g ra m m in g
con cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and ch a rts w h ich id en tify
the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a ction s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
com pu ter s y s te m in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter

op era tors

a re

c la s s ifie d as

fo llo w s :
C la ss A . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a
com p u ter running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a re freq u en tly tested and in tr o d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts
a re o f c r it ic a l im p orta n ce to m in im iz e dow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s are o f
c o m p le x d esig n so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
kn ow led ge o f the total p r o g r a m , and altern a te p r o g r a m s m ay not b e a v a ila b le.
M ay g ive d ir e c tio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b e c a u s e com p u ter equipm ent
m ust be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n siv e n um ber
o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g action s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a ction s as
d evelopm en t o f co m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , esta b lish m en t o f




d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la ss B . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a
com p u ter running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s are e sta b lis h e d p r o d u ctio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little o r no testin g o f new p r o g r a m s

22

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

r e q u ir e d ; altern a te p r o g r a m s a re p rov id ed in ca se o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eeds
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a rea son a b ly sh ort tim e . In
co m m o n e r r o r situ a tio n s , d ia g n oses cau se and takes c o r r e c t iv e action . This
u su ally in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p ro g ra m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s, or using
stan dard c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u e s .

C opies plans and draw ings p r e p a r e d by oth ers by pla cin g tracin g
cloth o r paper o v e r draw ings and tr a c in g w ith pen or p en cil.
(D oes not
in clude tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily co n s istin g o f straight lin es and a
la rg e sc a le not req u irin g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)

OR

A N D /O R

O p e ra te s u nder d ir e c t s u p e rv isio n a com p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r
se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is tic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h igh er le v e l o p e r a t o r by independently p e r fo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt ta sk s follow in g d etailed in stru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e draw ings o f e a s ily v isu a lized item s.
W ork is c lo s e ly su p e r v ise d during p r o g r e s s .

C la ss C . W o r k s on routine p r o g r a m s under c lo s e su p e r v is io n . Is
e x p e cte d to d e v e lo p w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the com p u ter equipm ent u sed and
a b ility to d e te ct p r o b le m s in v olv ed in running routine p r o g r a m s .
U sually has
r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in com p u ter op era tion . M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p resen ta tion of c o m p le x ite m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m esta b lish ed drafting
p r e c e d e n ts . W o r k s in c lo s e su pport with the d esign o r ig in a to r , and m ay
r e co m m e n d m in o r d e sig n ch a n g es. A n a ly zes the e ffect o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l rela tion sh ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r t s . W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is te n c y with p r io r en gin eerin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s. M ay eith e r p r e p a r e draw in gs o r d ir e c t th eir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s n onroutin e and c o m p le x draftin g a ssig n m en ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the stan dardized draw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in volve such w ork a s:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een com pon en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite ctu r a l
d ra w in gs fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a building including d etail d raw in gs o f fo u n ­
d a tio n s, w a ll s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u als in m akin g n e c e s s a r y com pu tation s to d eterm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u s e d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , stren g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om pleted
w o rk is ch e ck e d fo r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.
C la ss C.
P r e p a r e s d e ta il draw in gs o f sin gle units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u factu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p es o f
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s (dep ictin g th r e e d im en sion s
in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p osition in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo rm a tio n .
C on solid a tes d eta ils fr o m a n u m ber o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as re q u ire d .
Su ggested m eth od s o f
a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ice on so u r ce m a te r ia ls a r e given
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In stru ction s a re le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts
recu r.
W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .




E LE CTRO N IC S TECHNICIAN
W ork s on v a riou s types o f e le c tr o n ic equipm ent and re la te d d ev ices
by p e r fo rm in g one o r a com bin a tion o f the follow in g : In stalling, m aintaining,
r e p a ir in g , ov erh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , con stru ctin g , and testin g.
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c tic a l ap p lication o f te c h n ic a l know ledge o f e le c tr o n ics
p r in c ip le s , ability co determ in e m a iiu n ctio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ire d op era tin g con dition .
The equipm ent— co n s istin g o f eith er m any d ifferen t kinds o f c irc u its
o r m u ltiple rep etition o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it—— clu d e s , but is not lim ited
in
to , the follow in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tran sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equipm ent (e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , telep h on e, so n a r , n avigation al a id s), (b) digital and
analog c o m p u te r s , and (c) in d u stria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and con trollin g
equipm ent.
T h is c la s s ific a tio n ex clu d es r e p a ir e r s o f su ch standard e le c tr o n ic
equipm ent as com m on o ffic e m a ch in es and h ou seh old ra d io and tele v is io n
s e ts ; p rod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose p rim a ry duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have adm in istrative
or s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a fte r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A . A p p lies advance te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to solv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i.e ., th o se that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w orking on e l e c ­
t r o n ic equipm ent. E xam p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e loca tion and density o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tion , isola tin g m a lfu n ction s, and frequent
en g in eerin g ch a n ges. W ork in v o lv e s : A d etailed understanding o f the in te r ­
re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent judgm ent in p erfo rm in g such
ta sk s as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly s e s, ca lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s , tra cin g re la tio n ­
ships in sign al flow ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual
tr a c e o s c ill o s c o p e s , Q -m e t e r s , dev iation m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a to rs ).
W ork m ay be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en gin eer or
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e ra l co m p lia n ce w ith a cce p te d p r a c t ic e s .
May provid e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la ss B . A p p lies c o m p r e h e n siv e te c h n ic a l know ledge to solve c o m ­
p lex p r o b le m s ( i.e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be so lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e rly
in terp retin g m a n u fa c tu r e rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w orking on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity w ith the in te r r e la tio n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju dgm en t in d eterm in in g w ork seq u en ce and in s e le ctin g
to o ls and testin g in stru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o se used by the
c la s s A tech n icia n .

P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu n ction s such as the in s t a l­
la tion , m a in ten an ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliza tion o f e le c t r ic e n erg y in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In stalling o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l e q u ip ­
m ent su ch as g e n e r a to rs , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm ent; w orkin g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; locatin g and diagn osing tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g standard com pu tation s re la tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and
m e a su rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ­
ten an ce e le c tr ic ia n r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d
th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r high er
le v e l tech n icia n , and w ork is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c tic e s and w o rk a s sig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la ss C . A p p lies w ork in g te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le or
routine ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, follow in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tion s w hich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h igh er le v e l te ch n icia n s by p e r fo rm in g su ch a c tiv itie s as
rep la cin g co m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t re a d in g s; r e p a ir in g
sim p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent; and using to o ls and co m m o n te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sign al g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s . T h is
k n ow led ge, h o w e v e r, m ay b e a cq u ire d th rough a ssig n m en ts d esig n ed to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that w o rk e r can
advance to h igh er le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r high er
le v e l te ch n icia n . W ork is ty p ic a lly sp o t-c h e c k e d , but is given d eta iled r e v ie w
when new o r ad va n ced a ssig n m en ts are in v olv ed .
R E G ISTER ED IN D U STRIAL NURSES
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to ill o r in ju red e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i ll or
su ffer an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
Duties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the ill or
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eepin g
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a rin g a ccid en t r e p o r ts fo r com p en sa tion o r
oth er p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in a tion s and health ev alu ation s o f
applicants and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r ry in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
health ed u ca tion , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en v iron m en t, or
oth er a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N ursing s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rse s in e sta b lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than
one n u rse are e x clu d e d .

M AINTENANCE PA IN TE R
P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu re s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v olv es the fo llo w in g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p es o f paint re q u ire d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r
painting b y r em ov in g old fin ish or by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w hite lea d , and oth er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce pa in ter r e q u ir e s
roun ded train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip o r equivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AINTENANCE MACHINIST

Maintenance, Toolroom , and Powerplant

P r o d u c e s rep la cem en t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m eta l parts o f m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s tru ctio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning and laying out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m e n ts ; settin g up and op era tin g
stan dard m achine t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking
stan dard shop com putations rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m achining; know ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e ta ls ; se le ctin g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r th is
w ork ; and fitting and a ssem b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c tic e usually acq u ired th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M AINTENANCE C A R P E N T E R

M AINTENANCE M ECHANIC (M a ch in ery)

P e r fo r m s the ca rp e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to co n s tr u c t and m aintain
in good r e p a ir bu ildin g w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s , c r ib s ,
co u n te r s, b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade
o f w ood in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning
and laying out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l
in stru ctio n s; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p ow er t o o l s ,
and standard m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s
relatin g to d im en sion s o f w o rk ; and se le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the
w ork . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce c a rp e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R ep a irs m a ch in ery or m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ica l
equipm ent to diagnose s o u r ce o f tr o u b le ; dism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a ch in es and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h an dtools in
sc r a p in g and fitting p a rts; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts with ite m s
obtain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e rin g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t pa rt by a
m a ch in e shop or sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p re p a rin g w ritten sp e cifica tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m achine sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking all
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r op e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a ch in e ry
m ain ten an ce m ech an ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally




M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y ) — C on tin u ed

M IL L W R IG H T — C o n tin u ed

a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent train in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce . E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n are w ork ers w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in e s.

w o rk ; in terp retin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a rie ty o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren g th o f m a te r ia ls , and ce n te rs o f g ra v ity ; aligning and balancing equ ip­
m en t; se le ctin g standard t o o l s , equ ipm ent, and pa rts to be used; and in stalling
and m aintaining in g ood o r d e r pow er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d riv es
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly re q u ire s a
roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M otor V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining au tom otive eq u ip ­
m en t to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s se m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo rm in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch handtools as w re n ch e s , g a u ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s t o c k ; grin din g and adjusting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h icle and m aking n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm en ts; and align in g w h e e ls , adjusting bra k es and lig h ts, o r tightening
bod y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o to r v e h icle m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usu ally a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clude
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh ops.

m ech a n ics

who

r e p a ir

M AIN TEN AN CE TRA D E S H E LPE R
A s s is ts on e o r m o r e w o rk e r s in the sk ille d m aintenance tr a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e ra l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a
w o rk e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clean in g w ork in g a re a , m ach in e,
and equipm ent; a s sistin g jou rn ey m a n by h oldin g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jou rn ey m a n . The kind o f w ork
the h elp er is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to trad e: In som e
tr a d e s the h elp er is con fin ed to supplyin g, liftin g , and holding m a te ria ls and
t o o l s , and clean in g w orkin g a r e a s ; and in oth ers he is p erm itted to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a lso p e r fo rm e d
by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

cus­

M AIN TE N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , stea m , g a s, o r oth er types o f pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v olv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; Laying
out w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m draw ings o r other
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e-cu ttin g m a ch in e s; th readin g
pip e w ith s to ck s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h an d -d riven o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s ; a s s e m b lin g pipe w ith cou p lin g s and fastening pipe to h a n gers;
m aking stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pip e r e q u ir e d ; and m akin g stan d ard te s ts to d eterm in e w hether fin ish ed pipes
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce p ip efitter
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usually a cq u ired th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sanitation o r heating sy stem s
a re e x c lu d e d .

S p e c ia liz e s in op era tin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m achine
t o o l (e .g ., jig b o r e r , grin din g m a ch in e, engine la th e, m illin g m ach in e) to
m a ch in e m eta l fo r use in m aking o r m aintaining ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls ,
g a u g es, o r m eta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r form in g m eta l or
n o n m e ta llic m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s te r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ica lly
in v o lv e s : P lanning and p e r fo rm in g d ifficu lt m ach in in g operation s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p lica te d setups o r a high d e g ree o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m achine
t o o l or to o ls (e .g ., in sta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id e s, sto p s, w orking
ta b le s , and oth er co n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f s to ck to be m ach in ed;
d eterm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and op era tion sequen ce or se le ct
th o se p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s, b lu e p rin ts , o r la y ou ts); using a v a riety o f
p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents during
m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n to a ch ieve r e q u isite dim en sion s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting and lu bricatin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e ra l, the
w ork o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r (to o lro o m ) at the s k ill le v e l ca lle d fo r in
th is c la s s ific a tio n r e q u ir e s ex ten siv e kn ow ledge o f m a ch in e -s h o p and t o o l­
r o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired th rough co n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN TE N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m aintains in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ipm en t and fix tu re s (su ch as m ach in e gu a rd s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u cts, m eta l ro o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll types o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll av ailab le types o f sh e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cutting, bending, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce sh e e t-m e ta l w ork er r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s (to o lro o m ) em p loy ed in t o o l and die jobbin g
sh op s.
T O O L AND DIE M AKER
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o ls , gau ges, or
m eta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo rm in g m eta l o r n on m etallic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s :
Planning and layin g out w ork a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d raw in gs, or
oth er w ritten o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; understanding the w orkin g p r o p e rtie s o f
c o m m o n m eta ls and a llo y s ; se le ctin g a p p rop ria te m a te r ia ls , t o o ls , and

M ILLW RIG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r heavy equipm ent, and dism a n tles and
in s ta lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm ent when changes in the plant layou t are
r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out




25

T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk s ; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
setting up and op era tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ipm ent; using
v a riou s t o o l and die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m en ts;
w orkin g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin ish e d to o ls
and dies to a ch ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s; fittin g and a s se m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n ce s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's
w ork r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e
u su ally a cq u ire d th rou g h fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e .

P e r fo r m s c le r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta sk s in con n ection w ith shipping
good s o f the establish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in com in g
sh ip m en ts. In p e rfo rm in g d a y -to -d a y , rou tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id elin es. In handling unusual n on rou tin e p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific g u id ­
ance fr o m s u p e r v is o r or oth er o f f ic ia l s .
M ay Nir e c t and c o o rd in a te the
d
a c tiv itie s o f oth er w o rk e r s engaged in handling good s to be sh ipp ed o r being
r e c e iv e d .

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not
in clu de t o o l and die m a k e rs who (1) are em p lo y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
shops o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g dies (die s in k e r s ).
STATIO N AR Y ENGINEER
O p era tes and m ain tains and m ay a lso s u p e r v is e the op e ra tio n o f
station a ry en g in es and equipm ent (m e ch a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
estab lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir con dition in g. W ork in v o lv e s : O pera tin g and m aintaining equipm ent such as
stea m e n g in e s, air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s ,, t u r b in e s , ventilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ipm en t, stea m b o ile r s and b o i le r - f e d w a ter pu m ps;
m aking equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d o f o p era tion o f m a ch in e ry ,
te m p e ra tu re , and fu el con su m p tion . M ay a lso s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in esta b lish m en ts em p loy in g m o r e than one en gin eer
are e x clu d e d .
BO ILER TEN D E R
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m en t in w hich
em p loy ed w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r stea m .
F eed s fu els to fir e by hand or
o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l sto k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and ch eck s w ater and
sa fety v a lv e s . M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i le r r o o m equ ipm ent.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRU CK D R IVER
D riv e s a tr u ck w ithin a city o r in d u stria l a re a to tra n sp o rt
m a te r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f
esta b lish m en ts su ch as:
M anufacturing plaints, fre ig h t d ep ots, w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h olesa le amd r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts, o r betw een r e ta il esta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a lso loa d o r unload tru ck
w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , maike m in or m e c h a n ica l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u ck in
g ood w ork in g o r d e r . S a le s ro u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s are e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by type and
ra ted ca p a city o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k d r iv e r , light tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u ck , under IV2 to n s , u su ally 4 w h e e ls)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u c k , IV2 to 4 ton s in c lu s iv e , u su ally 6 w h e e ls)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u ck , o v e r 4 to n s , u su ally 10 w h e e ls)
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a il e r




S h ippers ty p ic a lly are r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the follow in g :
V e r ify in g that o r d e r s are a ccu ra te ly fille d by co m p a rin g item s and qu an tities
o f g oods gath ered fo r shipm ent against d ocu m en ts; in su rin g that sh ipm ents
are p r o p e r ly packaged, id en tified w ith sh ipping in fo rm a tio n , and lo a d e d into
tra n sp o rtin g v e h ic le s ; p rep a rin g and keep in g r e c o r d s o f good s sh ip p ed , e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f lading.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly are r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the follow in g :
V e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in com in g sh ipm ents by com p a rin g ite m s and
qu an tities unloaded against b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , sto ra g e
r e c e ip t s , o r other r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r da m aged g o o d s ; in su rin g that
g ood s are a p p rop ria tely id en tified fo r rou tin g to dep a rtm en ts w ithin the
esta b lish m en t; p rep a rin g and keeping r e c o r d s o f g ood s r e c e iv e d .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Shipper and r e c e iv e r

W AREHOUSEMAN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a re h o u sin g duties w h ich r e q u ire
an understanding o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m ost
o f the follow in g : V e rify in g m a te r ia ls (or m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o cu m e n ts, noting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v io u s d a m a g e s; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d stora g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r in g , sta ck in g , o r p a lle tizin g
m a te r ia ls in a cco rd a n ce w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m e th o d s; r e a r ra n g in g and
taking in ven tory o f s to re d m a te r ia ls ; exam in in g s t o r e d m a te r ia ls and r e ­
p ortin g d e te rio ra tio n and dam age; r e m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e and
p rep a rin g it fo r shipm ent. May o p e ra te hand o r p ow er tr u ck s in p e r fo r m in g
w areh ou sin g duties.
E xclude w o rk e r s w hose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e sh ipping and r e ­
ceiv in g w ork (see Shipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(se e O rd e r F ille r ), o r operatin g p ow er tr u ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e ra to r ).

O RDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d g ood s fr o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d ise in a c c o rd a n c e with s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ctio n s. M ay , in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in ­
d icatin g ite m s fille d o r o m itted , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
additional stock o r r e p o rt sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er
r e la te d d u ties.

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

G U A R D — C on tin u ed

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u cts fo r shipm ent or stora g e by p la cin g them
in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c ific op era tion s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m ber o f units to be p acked, the type o f con tain er
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm ent. W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f item s in
sh ipping co n ta in e rs and m a y in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to ck in o r d e r to v e r ify content; se le ctio n o f ap p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in se rtin g e n c lo s u re s in con ta in er; using e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a te r ia l to p rev en t brea k a ge o r dam age; c lo s in g and sea lin g
co n ta in e r; and applying la b e ls or en tering iden tifyin g data on con ta in er.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m a k e w ooden b o x e s or cra te s are e x clu d e d .

foot o r by m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r tin g p e r so n s o r p r o p e rty . May be deputized
to m ake a r r e s t s .
M ay a lso help v is it o r s and c u s to m e r s by answ ering
q u estion s and giving d ir e c tio n s .
G uards e m p lo y e d by esta b lish m en ts w hich p rov id e p r o te ctiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a c on tra ct b a s is are in clu d ed in th is occu p a tion .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , guards are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la ss A . E n fo r c e s reg u la tion s design ed to preven t b re a ch e s o f
s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s judgm ent and u ses d is c r e tio n in dealing with e m e r ­
g e n cie s and s e c u rity v iola tion s en cou n tered .
D eterm in es whether fir s t
r e s p o n s e should be to in terven e d ir e c tly (asking fo r a s sista n ce when deem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to k eep situation under su r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p ort situation so that it can be handled by ap p rop ria te authority. Duties
re q u ire s p e c ia liz e d tra in in g in m ethod s and tech n iq u es o f p rotectin g secu rity
a r e a s . C om m on ly , the guard is r e q u ir e d to d em on strate continuing p h y sica l
fitn ess and p r o fic ie n c y w ith fir e a r m s o r oth er s p e c ia l w eapons.

M A T E R IA L HAN DLIN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a reh ou se, m anu factu ring plant, s t o r e , or
oth er esta b lis h m e n t w h ose duties in volve one or m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L oad in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m erch a n d ise on o r fr o m freigh t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g , or pla cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r stora g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp ortin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w .
L on g sh ore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload sh ip s , are e x clu d e d .

C la ss B . C a r r ie s out in stru ction s p r im a r ily orien ted t o w a r d
in su rin g that e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u rity v iola tion s are r e a d ily d is c o v ­
e r e d and r e p o r te d to a p p rop ria te au th ority. In terven es d ir e c tly only in
situ ations w hich r e q u ire m in im a l action to sa feg u a rd p r o p e rty or p e r so n s.
D uties re q u ire m in im a l tra in in g .
C om m on ly , the guard is not req u ired
to d em on stra te p h y s ic a l fitn e s s.
M ay be a rm ed , but g en era lly is not
r e q u ir e d to d em on stra te p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f fir e a r m s or sp e cia l
w e a p o n s.

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n tro lle d g a s o lin e - or e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g ood s and m a te ria ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u se ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, o r oth er estab lish m en t.

JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR CLE A N E R

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o rk e r s are c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r t r u c k , as fo llo w s :

Cleans and k eeps in an o r d e r ly con dition fa c to r y w orkin g areas and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , apartm ent h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l or
oth er esta b lish m en t. D uties in volve a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping,
m opping o r scru b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g ch ip s, tr a s h , and other
r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu re s ; polish in g m etal fix tu res or
tr im m in g s ; p rov id in g su pplies and m in or m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cleaning
la v a to r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e rs who s p e c ia liz e in window
w ashing a re e x clu d e d .

F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a to r (oth er than fo r k lift)
G UARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y fr o m theft or dam age, o r p e r s o n s fr o m h aza rds
o r in t e r fe r e n c e . D uties in v o lv e serv in g at a fix ed p ost, m aking rounds on




27

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T he fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
veyed p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in ­
isterin g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t
o f 1965. S u rv ey r e s u lts a r e p u b ­
lish ed in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
ble, at n o c o s t , w h ile su p p lies la s t
fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b a ck c o v e r .

A laska (sta tew id e)
Albany, Ga.
A lbu qu erque, N. M ex.
A lexan dria—L e e s v ille , La.
Alpena—
Standish— aw as C ity, M ich .
T
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C.
Augusta, Ga.— .C .
S
Austin, T ex .
B a k e rs fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou g e, La.
Battle C r e e k , M ich .
B e a u m o n t-P o rt A rth u r— range
O
and L ake C h a r le s , T e x .—La.
B ilo x i— u lfp ort and P a s c a g o u la G
M o ss P oin t, M is s .
Bingham ton, N. Y.
B irm in g h am , A la .
B loom in gton — in ce n n e s, Ind.
V
B r e m e r to n —
Shelton, W ash.
B ru n sw ick , Ga.
C eda r R a p id s, Iowa
C ham paign—
Urbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a rleston — orth C h a r le s to n —
N
W a lte r b o r o , S.C .
C h arlotte— a ston ia , N .C .
G
C la r k s v ille -H o p k in s v ille , Tenn.—
Ky.
C olum bia— u m ter, S .C .
S
C o lu m b u s, G a.— la .
A
C olu m bu s, M is s .
C on n ecticu t (sta tew id e)
D eca tu r, 111.
D es M oin es, Iow a
Dothan, A la.
D u lu th -S u p erior, M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o — as C r u c e s ,
A
L
T e x .—
N. M ex.
E ugene— p rin g fie ld ^ M e d fo rd , O reg .
S




F a y e tte v ille , N .C .
F o r t L a u d erd a le— olly w ood
H
and W est P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R aton, F la .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .— kla.
O
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
G adsden and A n n iston , A la.
G o ld s b o r o , N .C.
G rand Isla n d -H a stin g s, N ebr.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eban on, Pa.
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
La C r o s s e —
Sparta, W is.
L a r e d o , T ex .
L as V eg as—T on opah , Nev.
L e x in g to n -F a y e tte , Ky.
L im a , Ohio
L ittle R ock — orth L ittle R ock , A rk .
N
L o r a in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a ste rn S h ore, M d.—
Va.— el.
D
M a con , Ga.
M a d ison , W is.
M ain e (sta tew id e)
M a n sfie ld , Ohio
M c A lle n -P h a r r — dinburg
E
and B r o w n s v ille — arlin gen —
H
San B en ito, T ex .
M erid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and
O cean C ou n ties, N.J.
M o b ile — e n s a co la —P an am a C ity,
P
A la .— la .
F
M ontana (sta tew id e)
N a sh v ille — a v id son , Tenn.
D
New B e r n -J a c k s o n v ille , N .C.
N ew H a m p sh ire (sta tew id e)
N orth D akota (sta tew id e)
N orth ern New Y o rk
N orth w est T e x a s
O rla n d o, F la .
O xnard— im i V a lle y — entura, C a lif.
S
V
P e o r ia , 111.
P h oen ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R a le ig h — urh am , N .C.
D
R en o, Nev.

R iv e r s id e —
San B ern ard in o—
O n tario, C a lif.
Salina, Kans.
Salin as— ea side— on terey , C a lif.
S
M
Sandusky, Ohio
\
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M aria—
L o m p o c, C alif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a , A la .
Sh erm an — enison , T ex.
D
S h re v e p o rt, La.
South D akota (statew ide)
S ou th ea stern M assach u setts
Southern Idaho
Southw est V irg in ia
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g field , 111.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tam pa—
St. P e te r sb u r g , Fla.
T opek a , Kans.
T u cs o n -D o u g la s, A r iz .
T u lsa , Okla.
U pper P en in su la, M ich.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —
F
Napa, C alif.
V e rm o n t (statew id e)
V irg in Islands o f the U.S.
W aco and K illeen — em p le, T ex.
T
W a te rlo o — edar F a lls , Iowa
C
W est V irg in ia (statew ide)
W estern and N orthern
M as sach u s etts
W ich ita F a lls — aw ton -A ltu s,
L
T e x .—
Okla.
Y akim a—Richland— ennew ick—
K
P en d leton , Wash.— reg.
O

A L S O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r
a ccou n ta n ts, a u d itors, c h ie f a c c o u n t­
ants, a tto rn e y s, jo b a n a ly sts, d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in eerin g te ch n icia n s ,
d r a fte r s ,
a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as BLS B u lle ­
tin 2004, N ational S u rvey o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in istra tiv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r ic a l P ay, M a rch 1978, $2.47)
a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s show n on the
b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p e r in ­
tendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t b u lletin s ava ila b le is p resen ted below . B u lletin s
m a y be p u rc h a se d fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l o ffic e s show n on the ba ck
c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u perin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g
O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402. M ake ch eck s payable to Superintendent o f
D ocu m e n ts . A d ir e c t o r y o f occu p a tio n a l w age su rv e y s, c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th rough 1977, is a v a ila b le on requ est.

A rea

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e *

M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1 9 7 8 1
_______________________________________ 20 25 -60,
M ilw aukee, W is., A p r. 1979__________________________________
2 0 5 0 -8 ,
M in n eap olis—
St. Paul, M inn.—W is., Jan. 1979_______________ 2 0 5 0 -1 ,
N assau—
Suffolk, N. Y ., June 1978 1____________________________ 2025-33,
N ew ark, N .J., Jan. 1979_______________________________________ 2 0 5 0 -5 ,
B u lletin n um ber
New O rlea n s, L a., Jan. 1979 1________________________________ 2 0 5 0 -2 ,
New Y ork, N .Y .-N .J ., M a y l 9 7 8 1 ____________________________ 2025-35,
A rea
and p r ic e *
N orfolk—V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th , Va.—
P
A k ron , O hio, D e c . 1978 _______________________________________ 20 2 5 -6 3 , $ 1 .0 0
N .C ., M ay 1978 ______________________________________________
2025-20,
A lban y— ch en ecta d y — r o y , N. Y ., Sept. 1978 1_______________ 2 0 25 -58, $ 1 .2 0
S
T
N orfolk—V irg in ia B each — ortsm ou th and
P
A n ah eim —
Santa A n a^ G arden G ro v e ,
N ew port News— am pton, Va.— .C ., M ay 19 7 8 ____________ 2025-21,
H
N
C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________________ 2 0 25 -65, $ 1 .3 0
N orth east P en n sylva n ia , A u g. 1978 __________________________ 2025-47,
A tlan ta, G a., M ay 1978 1 ______________________________________ 2 0 25 -28, $ 1 .4 0
20 25 -40,
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 19 7 8 ____________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d., A ug. 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________
2 0 2 5 -5 0 , $ 1 .5 0
Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, O ct. 19 78_______________________________ 2025-56,
B illin g s , M on t., July 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
20 25 -38, $ 1 .0 0
P a te rs o n — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., June 1978 1____________ ,_
C
P
_ 2025-36,
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1 9 7 8 ________________________________ 20 25 -15, 80 cen ts
P h ila d elp h ia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________ 2025-54,
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
20 25 -43, $ 1 .5 0
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1__________________________________
20 5 0 -1 1 ,
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1978 1_____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -7 1 , $ 1 .3 0
P ortla n d , M aine, D ec. 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________ 20 25 -70,
C anton, O hio, M ay 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________ 2 0 25 -22, 70 cen ts
P ortla n d , O reg .—W ash., M ay 1978 ___________________________ 2025-25,
C h attanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1978 1________________________ 2 0 25 -51, $ 1 .2 0
P ou g h k eep sie, N .Y ., June 1978 1_____________________________
2025-37,
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1978 _______________________________________ 20 25 -32, $ 1 .3 0
P ou gh k eep sie— ingston— ewburgh, N .Y ., June 1 9 7 8 1 _____
K
N
2025-42,
C in cin n a ti, Ohio—
Ky.—In d ., July 1 9 7 8 ________________________ 20 2 5 -3 9 , $ 1 .1 0
P r o v id e n c e — arw ick— aw tucket, R .I.—
W
P
C le v e la n d , Ohio, Sept. 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
20 2 5 -4 9 , $ 1 .3 0
M a ss ., June 19 7 8 _____________________________________________ 2025-27,
C o lu m b u s, Ohio, O ct. 1978 1 _________________________________
2 0 25 -59, $ 1 .5 0
R ich m on d, V a., June 19 7 8 ____________________________________ 2025-26,
C o rp u s C h r is ti, T e x ., July 1 9 7 8 _________ ____________________ 2 0 2 5 -2 9 , $ 1 .0 0
St. L ou is, M o.—111., M ar. 1979 1______________________________ 2 0 50 -13,
D a lla s— o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1978 1________________________ 2 0 25 -52, $ 1 .5 0
F
S a cra m en to, C a lif., D ec. 1978 _______________________________ 2 0 2 5 -7 5 ,
D aven port—R o c k Island— olin e, Iowa—
M
111., F eb . 1979_______
2 0 5 0 -1 0 ,
$ 1 .0 0 Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________________
2025-64,
D ayton, O hio, D e c. 1978 ______________________________________ 2 0 25 -66, $ 1 .0 0
Salt Lake C ity -O g d en , Utah, Nov. 1978 1 ____________________ 2 0 25 -72,
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1978 _____________________________ 20 2 5 -4 8 , $ 1 .0 0
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1978 _________________________________ 2 0 50 -17,
D e n v e n -B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c. 1 9 7 8 __________________________
20 25 -68, $ 1 .2 0
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 19 78__________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -7 3 ,
D e tr o it, M ich ., M ar. 1979 1 __________________________________
2 0 5 0 -7 , $ 1 .5 0
San F r a n cis c o -O a k la n d , C a lif., M ar. 1979__________________ 2 0 5 0 -1 4 ,
F r e s n o , C a lif., J u n e l 9 7 8 1___________________________________
20 25 -31, $ 1 .2 0
San J ose, C a lif., M ar. 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________ 20 25 -9,
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1978 _________________________________ 2 0 25 -45, $ 1 .0 0
Seattle— v erett, W ash., D ec. 19 78___________________________ 2 0 25 -74,
E
G ary— am m ond— a st C h ic a g o , Ind., Aug. 1979 1___________
H
E
(To be surveyed)
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1978___________________________________ 2025-44,
G re e n B ay, W is ., July 1978 1 _________________________________ 2 0 25 -41, $ 1 .2 0
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M ay 1979_______________________________ 2 0 50 -16,
G r e e n s b o r o — in sto n -S a le m —
W
High P oin t,
T ren ton , N .J., Sept. 1978 1 ___________________________________
2025-55,
U tica -R o m e , N .Y ., July 19 78_________________________________ 2025-34,
N .C ., A ug. 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________________ 2 0 25 -46, $ 1 .0 0
G r e e n v ille — p artan bu rg, S .C ., June 1978 ___________________ 20 25 -30, $ 1 .0 0
S
W ashington, D .C .— d.—V a ., M ar. 1979_______________________ 2 0 5 0 -4 ,
M
H a rtfo rd , C on n ., M a r. 1979____________________________________
2 0 5 0 -1 2 ,
$ 1 .1 0 W ich ita, K an s., A p r. 19 7 8 _____ - ____________________________ 2025-16,
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1979______________________________________ 2 0 5 0 -1 5 ,
$ 1 .3 0 W o r c e s te r , M a ss., A pr. 1978 1_______________________________ 2025-19,
H u n tsv ille, A la ., F e b . 1979 __________________________________
2 0 5 0 -3 , $ 1 .0 0
Y ork, P a ., F eb. 1979__________________________________________
2 0 5 0 -6 ,
In d ia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 ________________________________ 2 0 25 -57, $ 1 .5 0
J a ck son , M is s ., Jan. 1979 1 __________________________________
2 0 5 0 -9 , $ 1.20
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1978 ________________________________ 2 0 25 -67, $ 1 .0 0
K an sas C ity, M o.— a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 _________________________ 2 0 2 5 -5 3 , $ 1 .3 0
K
L o s A n g e le s —Long B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1978 1 _______________ 2 0 25 -61, $ 1 .5 0
L o u is v ille , K y .-In d ., N ov. 1 9 7 8 ______________________________ 2 0 2 5 -6 9 , $ 1 .0 0
* Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.
M em p h is, T enn.— r k .—M i s s ., N ov. 1978 ____________________ 2 0 25 -62, $ 1.00
A




$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .3 0
$1 .50
70 cents
80 cents
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .10
$1 .2 0
$1 .4 0
80 cents
$ 1 .5 0
$1 .0 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1.30
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
$1 .20
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.20
80 cents
$1. 10
$1 . 00

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
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Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau off Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JF K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A re aC ode 617)

Suite 3400
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3535 Market Street,
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Federal Office Building
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