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AREA W A G E SURVEY
S an A n to n io , T exas, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
M a y 1973
Bulletin 1775 78




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




P reface
T h is

b u lle tin

e a r n i n g s in the S an
and

G u ad alu p e

S ta tistics'
data
for

C o u n tie s).

annual

area

fo r in d iv id u al
a ll

S tan dard

H a w a ii,

(a s

p ro vid es

A n to n io ,

The

wage

survey

su rvey

M e tro p o lita n

m a jo r

May

program .

U .S .

as
in

197 3

the

as

part

The

w e ll

as

of

of

of

the

program

occu p ation al

States,

B u reau

Labor

to

y ield

re g io n a l e stim a tes

e x c lu d in g

M anagem ent

(B e x a r

of

is d e s ig n e d

n ation al and

U n ited

O ffice

su rvey

M e tro p o lita n S tatistical A r e a

was m ade

A reas

the

a

and

A lask a

Budget

and

through

1971).

A

by

of

S tan dard

m e tro p o lita n a r e a s ,

defined

Novem ber

results

Texas,

d e sc rib e

the

the a n a l y s i s
m ovem ent
v e lo p s

co n sid e ra tio n

le v e l
of

of

in

and m o v e m e n t

(1 )

the

wages

lev el

by

and

the a r e a

of

wages

distribu tion of

occu p ation al

category

in fo r m a t io n that m a y b e u s e d
resu lts

a lso

determ in ation s

are

under

C u rren tly,
on

in sid e

back

a n n u a lly .
fits,

96

Each

every
year

by

S ervice

areas

c o v e r.)

In form a tio n

c o llected

used

the

In
on

year

a ll

regio n al

e stim a te s ,
The

in

D a lla s,

R egion al
w ith out
the

express

A n to n io
under

for

the

sin cere

includ ed

in

survey
the

of

the

p ractices

the

past,
area

need

le v e l.

The

and

(2 )

program

in c lu d in g w a g e

to

through
the
de­

and s a la r y

of

Labor

to

m ake

wage

1965.
program .

list

of

data

are

c o lle cte d

areas

su p p le m e n ta ry

wage

bene­

o b ta in e d

now

wage

(S e e

earn in gs

and

is

the

in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t lo c a t io n .

occup ation al

in d iv id u al

was

th ird

year.

surveys

every

have

by

d irec tio n

of

The

m any
for

survey

firm s

in form ation

a p p re c ia tio n

m e tro p o lita n

conducted

general

the

sta tistic a l

in

of

is

la b o r m a rk e ts ,

by occupation ,

sk ill

D epartm en t
Act

from

O p eration s.

coop eration

U .S .

Contract

area,

program

been

co m p le te d ,

issu ed .
The
first
b rin g s
to geth er data
for
each
T h e se c o n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n ts n ation al and

p ro jected

D ire c to r fo r

the

basis

San
T e x .,

the

in d iv id u al

two
sum m ary
b u lle tin s
are
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u rv e y e d .

wages

and

and a s s is ta n c e

estab lish m e n t

second
after

are

each

su rvey

for m any p u rp o se s,

a d m in is tra tio n , c o lle ctiv e b a rg a in in g ,
Survey

wage

in a v a r i e t y o f

the

in

c ou ld

whose
this

coop eration

the

data.

B u r e a u 's

Boyd
not

wage

area

B.
have

and

bu lle tin .

region al

O 'N e a l,

offic e

A ssista n t

been a c co m p lish e d

sa la ry
The

data

B u reau

p rovided
w ish es

to

received .

Note:
A lso
for

b u ild in g

tru ck d rivers
a re a va ilab le

a v a ila b le
trades,

for

the

p rinting

S an A n to n io
trades,

area

are

lo ca l-tra n sit

lis tin g s

of

op eratin g

union w a g e

rates

em p lo y e e s,

lo ca l

and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y sto re e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e co p ies o f these
f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A R EA W A G E S U R VE Y

B ulletin 1775-78
A ugust 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S , Ju liu s Sh iskin , Commissioner

San Antonio, Texas, M etro p o litan Area, M ay 1973
C O NTENTS
Page
2

In trod u c tion

5

W age

trends

for

se le c ted

occu p ation al g ro u p s

T a b le s:
4

1.

E sta b lish m e n ts

6

2.

In dexes

7

3.

Percents

A.

and w o r k e r s

of e arn in gs

for

of in c re a s e

w ith in s c o p e

se le c ted

in a v e r a g e

of su rvey

and n u m b e r stu d ied

occu p ation al g ro u p s ,
h o u rly e arn in gs

for

of in crease

for

occu p ation al g ro u p s ,

se le c te d p e rio d s
adju sted fo r e m p loym en t

O ccup ation al e a rn in g s:

8
10
11

A -l.

O ffic e

A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l and tec h n ic a l o ccu p atio n s:

A -3 .

O ffic e ,

12

A -4 .

M ain ten an ce

13

A -5 .

C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t occup atio n s:

17

and p e rc en ts
se le c ted

A p pen dix.

occup ation s:

W e e k ly e a rn in g s

p ro fe ssio n a l,

W e e k ly

earn in gs

and tec h n ic a l o ccu p atio n s:

and p o w e rp la n t o ccup ation s:

Average

H o u rly

w eekly e a rn in g s ,

by sex

e arn in gs

H o u rly

e arn in gs

O ccu p ation al d e sc rip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D C., 2 0402-P rice 35 cents

1

sh ifts

In tro d u c tio n
T h is
B ureau
on

an

of

a r e a is

Labor

areaw id e

visits

to

and

96

b a sis

In

in

p ractices,

each

earn ings

of

is

the

the

and

c o lle cte d

by

area,

D epartm ent

of

of

ben efits

years,

e m p loym en t,

in form ation

q u e stio n n a ire s

from

d e sc rip tio n s
liste d

third

and

earn ings

em p loym en t

type

T h is

data

the

survey.

som e

A -se rie s

each

area,

lis h m e n ts

w ith in

p o rtation ,

com m u n ication ,

re ta il tra d e ;
industry
tion s

the

are

broad

fin an ce,

groups

and

six

data

o btain ed

in d u stry
and

other

in su ra n c e ,

e x c lu d e d

con stru ction

and

p u b lic

and

fro m

stu d ies

extractive

than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r

the

broad

in clusion .
industry

These
p lin g
of

the

d iv isio n s

surveys

procedures

w ith in

Separate

scope

em plo y ees.

are

in v o lv e
of

an

F rom

se le c ted ,

w ith

each

sele c tio n .

To

in d iv id u a l
this

o b ta in

m eet

conducted

d e ta iled

stra tifie d

e stab lish m e n t
op tim um

M a jo r

in

opera­

or

are

on

a

sam p le

survey

by

h a vin g

am p le,

sele c tio n ,
if

one

out

so
of

that

each

w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t
sam e

o rig in a l p ro b a b ility

cation
no

if

data

su ita b le

sam ple

are

not

su b stitu te

m em ber

that

itse lf p lu s th re e

is

c h o s e n in the

a v a ila b le

for

the

E arn in gs

basis.
a ll

The

sam ­

a v a ilab le ,

ad d itio n al

sim ila r

the

a

greater

to

generated.

se le c te d ,

it

For

is

in d u s try -siz e
sam p le
is

of

m an u factu rin g

fo llo w in g

types:

and
(1 )

study

n on m an u factu rin g
O ffic e

c le ric a l;

(2)

are

If
to

at

averages

c la ssifi­

m em ber.

ages

a

a

com m on

in d u strie s,
p ro fessio n al

to

and
and

a

are

the

com bin ed .

d e sc rib e d ,

in

are

to

or

presen ted

in

the o c c u p a tio n
o r (2 ) t h e r e
E arn in gs

in clu d ed

data

su b c la ssific a tio n

and

earn in gs

are

of

in

a ll

in clu d ed

secretaries

su b c la ssify

is

not

are

for

o v ertim e

shown

fo r

receiv e

as fo r

for

for

at

for

w ork

bonuses
earn in gs

o ffice

are
are

on
ex­
in ­

c le ric a l o c c u ­

reg u la r

re g u la r

these

s c h e d u le .

( r o u n d e d to the

th eir

overtim e

are

and

N o n p ro d u ction
and in cen tive

reported,

earn in gs

data

a re g u la r w e e k ly

standard w o rk w e e k

pay

nearest

straigh t-tim e

and/or

occu p ation s

p re m iu m

are

rounded

d o lla r.

su rveys

patterns.
or

lo w -w a g e

to

better

sh ifts
though

the y e a r .

the

2

in

the

le v e l

of

occup ation al

C o m p a riso n s

be

of

prop ortion s
change o r

c o u ld

e stab lish m e n ts
of

d ifferen tly

trends

reflect
to

in

an

new

w orkers

in

pay

e stim a tes

for

m ay

lo w e r

and
each

by
ad­

rates.

average

wages

d u rin g

s h o w n in t a b l e
jo b s

are a w id e

le v e l

em p lo y ed

at

in crease

aver­

e m p lo y ­

occu p ation al

in d iv id u a l

c o m p o site ,

differ
the

than

The

and

w orkers

w orkers
an

area

to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e

estab lish m e n ts.

changes.

of occu p ation al g ro u p s,

wage

earn in gs

by

of

in

occupation al

in w a g e s

h ig h -w ag e

decrease

earn ings

in d iv id u a l

by changes

re p la c e d

e stab lish m e n ts

con tribute

in d iv id u a l

and

m ay

in e a r n i n g s

in d ic a to rs

ag es m a y fa il

affected

ex a m p le ,

firm s

jo b s

m ost

and

are

em ploym en t

Average
d u stries
thus

tim e .

jo b s

For

Trends

are
better
groups.

te c h n ic a l;

m easure

o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e

fo r in d iv id u a l

m ent

v ariety
of

of

p a rtic u la r

h ig h -

unit.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
".
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y.; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y. ; Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—
Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




are

not

Lik ew ise,

in form ation

pay

e m p lo y ees

w eek ly

h a lf

These
an a r e a

even
for

w h ich

nearest

a

o f the

assign ed

the

for

Such
s e le c te d

study

ex­

g iv e n

A n alte rn a te

h our)

i s to the

(e x c lu siv e

cost,

and E a rn in g s

T h e occup ation s

a

or

p re m iu m

referen ce

vance
O ccu p ation s

when

W h e re w eek ly hours

Average

w eigh t

for

pre se n ta tio n ,

d iv isio n s

show n.

shown

c lu d e d .

ra te s).

m issin g

w h ere

p a tio n s ,

num ber

sa la rie s

sam e

in d u stry

jo b

in d ic a ted ,

and

em p lo y m en t

of

variation

in d u strie s
are

m ove­

set

in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

em ploym en t

ex c lu d e

of

o rig in al

is

to

data

chance

others.

(1 )

w eekends,
h o lid a y s,
and late sh ifts.
clu d ed , but c o s t -o f- li v i n g a llo w a n c e s

establish m e n ts

in d u s try and

are

a ll

liste d

i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k

h a lf

is

is

not

O c c u p ation al
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s ,

of

criteria.

m in im u m

e stab lish m e n ts

is

is

u n bia se d e stim a tes

fou r

data,

c la s s ific a tio n

tru c k d rive rs

stu d ie d

for

p r o p o r t io n of la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c te d .
W h e n data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b ility of

com bined

for

d a t a to m e r i t

fo r

sam p le

a

enough

are

se le c te d

o th erw ise

occup ation s,

e ith er

se p a ra te ly

p red eterm in ed

a

at

because

U n less

occup ation s

w ith in

u n ifo rm

in te re sta b lish m e n t

occu p ation s

title s

the

of

p ro b a b ility

u n iv erse

accuracy

of

of

d isc lo su re

show n

o v erall

jo b

a

om itted b e c a u se

p rovided

pu b lic a tio n

the

of

of

on

av a ilab le .

E sta b lish m e n ts

are

not

in d u strie s

trade;

governm ent

in the o c c u p a t i o n s

stra tific atio n
area

w h o le sa le

and s e r v ic e s .

are

of w o r k e r s

tab u la tio n s

w h ic h

data

in d u strie s.

fu rn is h in su ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t

w arran t

tran s­

re a l estate;

these

they tend
to

is p o s s i b i l i t y

u tilitie s;

h av in g fe w e r
to

estab­

M a n u fa c tu rin g ;

d iv isio n s:

the

to p r o v i d e

rep resen tative

fro m

The

cu s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l

based

account

jo b .

d iv isio n s

tab les,

(4 )
is

the a p p e n d ix .

som e

in d u stry

is too s m a l l
In

for

take

in

fo llo w in g

data

for

results

to

sam e

d e sc rib e d

E arn in gs

estab lish m e n ts

b u lle tin p r e s e n ts

the

and

c la s s ific a tio n

d esign ed

the

of

survey.

and p o w e rp la n t;

O c c u p ation al

in d u t ie s w i t h i n

earn in gs,

every

on

m a in te n a n c e

m ent.

personal

in

in fo rm a tio n

(3 )

L a b o r 's
earn ings

occup ation al

rep resen tativ es,

c o lle ct

related
m a il

in the p r e v i o u s

la tte r

the U .S .
su rveys

F ie ld

in terv en in g

p a rtic ip a tin g
the

in w h ic h

conducts

a n n u a lly .1

e stab lish m e n ts

establish m e n t
year.

1 of

S tatistics

2,

w ith in

the

e stim a tes.

jo b

staffin g,

jo b .

d ifferen tial

Pay

am ong

In­
and

aver­
jo bs

in

3

Average
tion s

sh o u ld

w ith in

not

pay
be

in d iv id u al

d ifferen ces
o n ly the

includ e

rate s p aid

c ific d u ties w ith in
tio n s

used

g e n e ra lize d
m in o r

to

le v e ls

assum ed

m en

e stab lish m e n ts.
p ro g re ssio n
in c u m b e n ts
the

general

c la ssify

and

are

wom en
w h ic h

e stab lish e d

co lle cte d ,

survey
in

in

d iffere n ce s

Factors

w ith in

em plo y ees

than th o se u s e d

d ifferen ces

for

to r e f l e c t

jo b

se le c te d

in

pay of

m ay
rate

su rveys

in s p e c i f i c

Job

u su a lly

to

of
do

e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin
a lly

surveyed.

of

are

and

d iffer,

and

the

study

structures

not

spe­

the t o ta l




in

a ll

actu­

e sta b lish m e n ts

e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m

serve
These

m a te ria lly

the

E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s
T abu latio n s

m ore

a llo w

the n u m b e r

am ong

stu d ie d

stu d ie d .

o n ly

to

in d ic a te

differen ces

accuracy

of

the

the

relative

in o c c u p a t i o n a l
earn in gs

im p o r­

structure

data.

and S u p p le m e n ta ry W a g e

P ro v isio n s

d e sc rip ­

b u lle tin .

the

scope of

affect

d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

represent

occup ation al

not

the jo b s

m en tary

em ploym en t e stim a tes

Because

of

sin ce

in
O ccu p ation al

e stab lish m e n ts

tance

fo r

in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s

am on g e stab lish m e n ts

sexes

con tribute
ranges,

and p e rfo rm a n c e

d e sc rip tio n s.

these

occupa­
the

the

sam p le

the

wage

In fo rm a tio n
past,

m in im u m

is

now

entrance

sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ;
and h ealth ,
tab les)

on

in

se le c te d

provision s

these

c o lle cte d

s a la rie s

tables)

tab u la tio n s ,
every

for

3

for

practices
not

c o lle c te d
These
wom en

this

paid
are

area.

and

su p p le ­

presented

years.

and p en sio n p la n s

b u lle tin s

are

in ex p erien ced

sc h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ;

in su ra n c e ,
p re v io u s

fo r

e stab lish m e n t

(B -s e rie s

every

in
2

this

years

tab u la tio n s

on

o f f i c e w o r k e r s;

h o lid a y s;

paid v a c atio n s;

presented

(in th e B - s e r i e s




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S a n A n to n io , T e x . /
by m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M a y 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish m ents in scope
of study

Industry d ivision

Number of establish m en ts
Within scope
of stu d y 3

All d iv isio n s______________________________
M anufacturing------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------T ra n sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u tilities 5--------------------------W holesale trad e 6----------------------------------R etail trad e 6 ---------------------------------------F in an ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te 6-------S e r v i c e s 6 7 ------------------ -----------------------

W orkers in establish m en ts
Within scope of stud y4

Studied

Number

P ercen t

Studied

546

131

95,983

100

46,773

50
'

143
403

41
90

29,360
66,623

31
69

12,937
33,836

50
50
50
50
50

45
79
149
58
72

16
15
26
11
22

8,726
9,111
29,339
10,257
9, 190

9
9
31
11
9

6,276
1,900
15,547
5,407
4 ,706

1 The San Antonio Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A re a, a s defined by the Office of M anagem ent and Budget through Novem ber 1971, c o n sists
of B e x a r and Guadalupe C ounties. The "w ork ers within scope of stud y" e stim a te s shown in this table provide a reason ably accu rate d escrip tion of
the siz e and com position of the labor force included in the su rvey . The e stim a te s a re not intended, how ever, to se rv e as a b a sis of com p arison
with other employm ent indexes for the a re a to m ea su re employment trends or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of wage su rv ey s re q u ires the use of
e stablish m en t data com piled con sid erably in advance of the p ay roll period studied, and (2) sm a ll e stablish m en ts a re excluded from the scope of
the su rv ey .
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la ssific atio n Manual was used in c la ssify in g e stablish m en ts by in dustry division .
3 Includes a ll estab lish m en ts with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
in d u strie s a s tra d e , finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and motion picture th e ate rs a re con sid ered as 1 establish m en t,
4 Includes a ll w ork ers in a ll establish m en ts with total employm ent (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s " in the A - se r ie s ta b le s. T ax ica b s and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sp ortation were excluded. San Antonio's
e le c tr ic , g a s , and tra n sit sy ste m s a re m unicipally operated and a re excluded by definition from the scope of the su rvey .
6 This industry division is rep resen ted in e stim a te s for " a ll in d u str ie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. S ep arate presentation
of data for this d ivision is not m ade for one or m ore of the following r e a so n s: ( l ) Em ploym ent in the d ivision is too sm a ll to provide enough data
to m e rit sep a rate study, (2) the sam p le was not designed in itially to p erm it sep a rate p resen tatio n , (3) resp on se was in sufficien t or inadequate to
p erm it se p a rate p resen tatio n , and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su r e of individual e stablish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o tels; laun dries and other p erson al s e r v ic e s; bu sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and parking; motion p ictu re s;
nonprofit m em bersh ip organ ization s (excluding relig iou s and charitable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch ite ctu ral s e r v ic e s .

Ind ustrial com position in m anufacturing
One-third of the w ork ers within scope of the su rvey in the San Antonio a re a were
employed in m anufacturing fir m s . The following p rese n ts the m a jo r in dustry groups and
sp e cific in du stries as a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in d u stries

Food and kindred p rodu cts------- 27
A pparel and other textile
produ cts----------------------------- 16
T ran sp ortation e q u ip m en t------- 12
F ab ricated m etal p rod u cts------ 8
Printing and p u b lish in g---------- 7
M achinery, except e le c t r ic a l— 6
Stone, cla y , and g la ss
p rodu cts---------------------------- 6

A irc ra ft and p a r t s _____________ 10
M eat p r o d u c ts_________________ 8
M en's and b o y s' fu rn ish in gs---- 8
B e v e r a g e s _____________________ 6
C h ildren 's outerw ear------------- 5
M etal s e r v i c e s ________________ 5
N e w sp a p e r s------------------------- 5

T h is inform ation is based on e stim a te s of total employment d erived from un iverse
m a te r ia ls com piled p rio r to actu al su rvey . P rop ortion s in v ario u s in dustry d ivision s m ay
d iffe r from proportion s based on the re su lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
Presented
average

w eek ly

nurses,
The

in

tab le

sa la rie s

an d in a v e r a g e

indexes

percent

of

are

in d ex y ie ld s
date of

the

d u rin g

the p e r c e n t
ind ex.

are

of

wages

the

base

percents

shown,

reflect
betw een

tation s

are based

rate

betw een

averages

in

am ount

surveys

a g iv e n
fro m

they

for

than

12

12

e stim a tes

are

not

in

100

the b a s e

Annual rates

in c re as e

e sta b lish m e n ts

in

of

relate

The
pressed

when

in creased

are

a

of

m easure

the

change
tin u in g

to

wage
tim e

For

com pu­

change

average

e x c lu siv e

in

Each

of

the

assign ed

ploym en t

in

the

a

pay

p re m iu m

area.

la te
each

fo llo w in g
constant

occu p ation al

key

occup ation s

w e ig h t

based

w ith in

on

its

to

of
in

wages
the

percent.

at

the

(c o m p o u n d )

The

next

each

a

base

g iv e n tim e

year.

in d ex

(1 0 0 p e r c e n t )

for

c le ric a l

re g u la r

earn in gs

changes
pay

in

for

sh ifts.

The

is

b y the

and

base

com puted
relative

su cceedin g
y e a r's

and

w orkers

w eek ly

for

percents

in clud e

and

year

relativ e

is

ex­

year

by

is

m u lti­

(th e p e r c e n t

and

by

fo r

For

then

the

and

for

w ork

based

con­

p re v io u s

of

the

nurses,

norm al

h o u rly
on

on

the

p lantw orker

straigh t-tim e

are

m ost

in d u s tria l

sa la rie s

overtim e.

average

overtim e

The

for

n u m e ric a lly

wage

groups,

earn in gs,

w eekends,

data

the

w orkw eek,
they

e x c lu d in g

h o lid a y s,

se le c te d

im portan t

key

and

occu­

jo b s

w ithin

group.

an o c c u p atio n al

p ro p ortion ate

em ­

Lim ita tio n s

of D ata

group:
The

Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

100

relative

offic e

of

m easure

p a tio n s

is

wages

ind ex.

relate

m easure

of

percent)

m u ltip ly

trends

a

of

year

100

y e a r's

M eth od of C o m pu tin g

group

v a lu e

plus

the

is

percent

p ly in g the b a s e

at a c o n s t a n t

m easures
to

assign ed

index
a

w here

the

These

as

the

to

to

in c re ase,

m onths

as

fro m

p e rio d

m onths.

intended

the

change

in d u stria l

expressed

change or in crease

other

These

tim e ,

S u b tractin g

on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s

the a r e a ;

the

of

was

surveys.

for

changes

the

at

dates.

of
and

of se le c te d p la n tw o rk e r g ro u p s.

w ages

of

percents

w orkers

p e rio d .

c h an g e in

The

and

c le ric a l

earn in gs

c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d ic a t e d
p e rio d

in d exes

o ffice

h o u rly

a m easure

wages

2

of

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

in

w orkers
to

indexes

averages,

changes,

(2 )
in

em p lo y ed

the

la b o r

the

area

or

rem ain ed

sam e

jo b ,

red u c tio n s,
cause

change,

d e c lin e d

and

and

wage

rela tiv e ly

in

(3 )

because

as

pay

by

wages

turn over,

pay le v e ls .

decreases
It

gave

is

in

yet a v e ra g e s

for

of w o r k ­

that

wages

entered

m ay

an a r e a m a y have
entered

even

average

establish m e n ts

estab lish m e n ts

in

the o c c u p a tio n a l

in creases,

S im ila rly ,

due

force

Changes

c o n c e iv a b le

wage

wage

in d iv id u al

in the p r o p o r t i o n s

differe n t

lo w e r-p a y in g

h ig h e r-p a y in g

la b o r

change

and

in a v e r a g e

fro m

forces.

of

s a la ry

received

changes

or

m easures

G eneral

changes

area

w ork

constant,

in

changes.
an

because

th eir

(1)

resu ltin g

in c re a s e s

actu al

expanded

con sid e ra bly

of
by:

in creases

force

e stab lish m e n ts

w ages m ay have
the

other

la b o r

can

w ith out

a ll

percents

in fluen ced

by e sta b lish m e n ts w ith

force

averages
though

or

the

fo rce

ers

and

are

m erit

w h ile in

changes

exp an sion s,

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

area

the

have
rise n
area.

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.
The use
The
p lie d
in

by

average

the o c c u p a t io n a l

the g r o u p a r e

related

by

su btractin g
the

gate

e a rlie r

for

the

earn in gs

w e ig h t,

totaled .

aggregate for
of

(m e a n )
The
the

la te r y e a r
year.

and

for

aggregate
The

occupation a re

the p r o d u c t s

aggregates

and

each

for

dividing
resu lt

for

2

the
the

for

all

c o n se c u tiv e

e a rlie r

by

years
fro m

shows

the

pay

changes

in

in d ex es

5

in

and
the

em p loym en t

The

of

W here

w ork

of

of

sc h e d u le s,
data

of

change

the

survey.

They
as

reflec t
are

such,

are

any

e li m in a t e s the e ffe c t

represented

change

hours.

necessary,

percents
scope

w e ig h ts

w orkers

percents

straigh t-tim e

standard

overtim e.

changes

constant

p rop ortion

data.
for

the

percent

of

the

the

for

change.




in

in

average

the a g g r e ­
the

changes

c lu d e d

are

year

100

of

occupation s

rem ain d er

tim e s

m u lti­

or

ad justed

sig n ific a n t

in

each

o n ly

not
by
to

jo b

changes

in fluen ced
p re m iu m
rem ove

effect

in ­
in
by
pay

fro m

caused

by




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in S a n A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1 9 7 2 an d M a y 1 9 7 3 ,
a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u stries
Weekly earn ings
P eriod

Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

In d ustrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

M anufacturing

Hourly earn ings
Skilled
m aintenance
trad e s
(men)

U nskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

In d ustrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

Hourly earn ings
Skilled
m aintenance
trade s
(men)

U nskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (June 1967 =100)
May 1972------------------------------------------------May 1973-------------------------------------------------

126. 5
131. 6

(!)

(l)

(M

128. 8
132. 7

n
(*)

(!)
(*)

(l)

131.4
137. 6

P erce n ts of in cre a se
May 1961 to May 1962-------------------------------May 1962 to June 1963:
13-month in c r e a se --------------------------------Annual rate of i n c r e a s e --------------------------

3.5

(*)

2.9
2.7

(!)
( ')

2.
5.
2.
8.
7.
2.

(!)
(>
()
(l)
()
(*)

6
1
7
0
1
8

June 1963 to June 1964------------------------------June 1964 to June 1965 ------------------------------June 1965 to June 1966------------------------------June 1966 to June 1967------------------------------June 1967 to June 1968------------------------------June 1968 to June 1969------------------------------June 1969 to May 1970:
11-month in c re a se --------------------------------Annual rate of in c r e a s e --------------------------

3. 8
4. 2

(!)
(‘)

May 1970 to May 1971------------------------- -----May 1971 to May 1972-------------------------------May 1972 to May 1973--------------------------------

5. 5
5. 1
4. 0

(!)
)
(*)

1 Data do not m eet publication c rite ria .

(M

7. 1

2.2

(')

0

2. 9

(!)
C)

2. 5
2. 3

3. 6
3. 3

(!)
(*)

(!)
(*)

3. 6
3. 3

0
4.3

3. 7
3. 3
4. 5
11.2
9. 7
3. 6

2. 6
4. 4
(’ )
(')
(1)
(*)

(!)
()
>
()
()
t 1)

{ !>
()
()
()
()
0

4. 2
3. 2
2. 8
10. 4
6. 9
5. 1

9.5
10.4

2. 0
2. 2

(!)
(')

(!)
(*)

0

4. 0
4. 4

4. 9
5. 9
3. 0

(!)
)
O

(!)
>
(*)

0

)

0

(*)

6. 7
4. 2
8. 0

O

(*)

6. 3
5. 7
4. 7




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in S a n A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1 9 7 2 to M a y 1 9 7 3
Occupational group

Unskilled plantworkers (men)_______________________

All
industries

5. 2
(*)
6. 2
4. 5

Manufac­
turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

(*)

5. 0
(*>
( )
4. 3

(‘

( )
5. 7

1 Data do not meet publication crit er ia .

NOTE: Table 3 provides percents of change in a ve rage hourly earnings for selected
occupational grou ps, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment shifts.
The new method
for computing wage trends is ba sed on changes in av erage hourly earnings for establishments
reporting the index jobs in both the current and previous ye ar (matched establishm ents),
holding establishment employment in the jobs constant.
The new wage trends are not linked to the current indexes becau se the new wage trends
m ea s u r e changes in matched establishment a ver a ge s whereas the current indexes m ea s u r e
changes in a r e a a ve r a g e s . Other ch a ra c t e ris t ic s of the new wage trends which differ from
the current ones include (1) earnings data of office c le r ic a l workers and industrial nurses
a re converted to an hourly b a s i s , and (2) trend e st im a te s are provided for nonmanufacturing
establis hm ents.
F o r a m or e detailed description of the new method used to compute a r e a wage survey
inde xes , see "Improving Area Wage Survey I n d e x e s M o n t h l y Lab or Review, Ja nuary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

8

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1973
)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)______

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly e a r n in g s of—

$

A verage
w eekly

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isi

60

and
under

(standard)

65

*

65
-

$

70
-

70

*

75

$

-

$

-

75___ 80

*

00

85
-

85

*

$

90
-

95

-

90___ 95

>

100

%

%

$

%

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

110

-

$

105

$

100

$

$

$

%

$

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22C

42
5
37
to

16
5

26
8
18
8

15
2
13

4

2

-

-

105

MEN ANO WOMEN C OM B I N E D

BILLERS, MACH I n c

(BILLING
53

4 0 .0

$
8 7 .5 0

8 7 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -

9 2 .0 0

10

14

15

6

10

*

2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLA',- *
>

ALLU U W 1IN v v

LLA5j

TI
50

A

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------CLERKS

v

366
66
300
42

4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

9 8 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

ACCOUNT 1N G • CLASS B

8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
1
1
1
1

0
0
0
2

4
3
5
2

.5
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-

1 3 3 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0

to

U 1i L i 11l j

n
0

*0 9
110

00

-

8 9 .0 0 -

12

—

——

—

—

3 9 .0

8 6 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0

129
129

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

7 8 .5 0 7 8 .5 0 -

9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

9 7 .0 0

3 7 *5

9 4 .5 0

9 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

a a

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORSt CLASS A
A35
144

yn o
on a
3 «0
39

— ——

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS!NONHANUF AC 1URING — — — — — — —

5

36
240

4 0 .0

91
86

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 9 .5

StLKt 1Art It j
190
749

'0

1 1 1 *^ 0
1A*>

0

KA

1 1 2 .0 0
88

50

75
38
37




at

end

o f tables

57
3
54

6

8

35

8

J

11

43

8

23

31

28

8

12

10

117 00
1 3 0 .0 0

1

5

11

11

16

10

,
-

11

28
20
______1

40

11

8
*4

4

J

16

*9
8

2

20
8

13

12

12

18

35

10

13

13

8

13

15

18

11
60

25

1

-

2

4

1

1

1

142
26
116

69

123
26
97

107

120

19
88

44
76
19

8

7 7 .0 0 7 8 .0 0 -

3 9 .5

77
12
65

00

8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

00

15

45

47
46

9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

46
31

30
5
25
3

10

9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

28

67

57
16
41

9 2 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0

9 8 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

24
3
21

13

*SA

1 0 3 *0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
89

47

9 5 .5 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

96

footnotes

13
11

8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0

1
J i ^ nn
1 1- *0 0

120

NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

77

15

*n

1 1A

68

See

^

3
6

11

10

17

4 0 .0

,

MANUFAC TURING — — — — —— — —— —

28

14

145

—

6

**

1 3 3 .0 0

210

Tu r in g

J

-

103

ncnm anufac

J

-

-

00

1 1 1 .5 0

10

12
8

8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
/a

r U u L 1v

16

1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B
L L L K n j|

J

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

2

12

30

15

47

36

-

4

17
15

5

39
39

16
14

1

-

-

3

3

39

85

8

21
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0
21

34

8

1

23
46

1 0 0 .0 0 -

1 3 5 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -

1 7 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 7 . 0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0

1

1

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 5 2 .5 0

1

1

11

15

0
0

8

2

81
29
52

43
14
29

23

18

12

21

14

11

14
22
1

7

3

4

9
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1973
)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workere

(standard

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g st r a ig h t - t im e w eekly e a r n in g s of—

*

S

A verage
w eekly

60
M ean ^

M edian ^

M iddle ranged

t

S

*

s

t

S

i

i

s

t

$

$

(

t

i

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

?00

210

220

-

-

1

5

2

43
7
36

15
6
9

23

12

7
-

-

2

25
16
9

41

5

12
3
9

9

1

11

7

-

15
1
14

25
16
9

26
2
24

104

65

and
under

65

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
183
70
113

40.0 128.50 129.00 118.50-140.00

-

-

----------------------------------

39.5 128.00 127.50 119.00-140.00

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

238
46
192

39.5 116.50 110.00 100.50-131.50
40.0 112.50 107.00 103.50-117.00
39.0 117.50 115.00 9 7 .CO-134.00

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

443
36
407

39.5 114.50 105.00 97.50-126.50
40.0 120.50 122.00 109.00-136.00
39.5 114.00 104.50 95.00-124.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

312
38
274

40.0
98.50
94.00
40.0 103.50 101.50
40.0
98.00
92.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

124
43
81

40.0 126.50 123.00 111.00-142.50
40.0 120.50 116.50 107.50-132.50
40.0 129.50 124.50 114.50-147.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8
NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------------

83.00-110.50
93.00-108.00
82.50-111.50

-

“

-

2

-

-

-

10
-

19
-

12
-

"

“

2

10

19

12

3

1
1

11
-

19
-

68
-

18
-

11

19

68

18

65

-

-

-

-

-

3

i
-

i

3
3

_
—
-

-

16
-

16
-

16
16
_
-

7
97

4

35
2

33

25
6
19

24
4

61
1
-

3

3

5

-

-

5
3

1

3

3

2

11
28

3

-

-

-

-

2

i
-

4
-

2

3

-

1
-

1

3
17

-

-

-

2

1

i

4

1

2

3

29
9

34
6

24
6

15
-

9
-

13
-

3
-

6
-

1
-

-

20

28

18

15

9

13

3

6

1

1

33
2
31

12
-

16
1
15

14
4

-

_
-

2
-

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

1

2

-

-

22
7
15

24
7
17

15

9

_

-

1
8

-

-

1
-

-

5
10

19
6
13

-

-

-

6

1

-

-

-

-

1
l

*

-

23
3
20

61

10
4

11
11

-

20

29
24

6

21
20

26

36
15
21

2

20

39

5
4

5

5
56

12

30
4

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------

47

39.0 106.00 105.00

93.00-120.00

-

1

-

-

3

3

8

2

7

2

10

8

169
168

40.0
40 • O

78.50
78.50

74.50
74.50

6 4 .5 0 - 90.50
6 4 .5 0 - 90.50

47
47

16
16

24
24

4
4

31
31

3

12
12

1
1

4
3

-

7
7

-

3

19
19

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

167
51
116

40.0
40.0
40.0

92.00
95.50
90.50

90.50
92.50
88.50

81.00-102.00
84.00-106.00
80.00-100.50

_
-

_
-

17
5
12

19
2
17

28
8
20

24
13
11

14
1
13

14
5
9

6
5
1

16
4

3

4

-

-

14

12

3

4

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

186
153

39.5
39.5

93.00
92.50

92.50
92.00

88.50- 99.00
8 3 .50- 97.50

2

7

-

11
8

40
35

72
65

10
1

27
25

2
2

9

-

7

5
2

i
i

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

161
153
26

40.0
88.00
87.00
40.0
88.00
87.50
40.0 104.00 106.00

80.00- 96.50
8 0 .50- 96.50
90.00-114.00

7
6

25

37
36
6

13
13

23

-

3
3
3

9
9

7
6
6

3
3
3

i
i
i

6

-

3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

_

1

See

footnotes

at end




of tables

-

i

7

17
16

15
13

25
1

18

4

3

22

3

_

*

*

4
4

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
T a b le A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., May 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

*

Average
weekly

$
70

Mean ^

(standard

Median 2

Middle ranged

and
under
80

s
80

-

t

90

100

-

90

*

-

100

«
110

110

*

120

-

120

*
130

130

*

1*0

-

140

*
150

150

*

160

-

160

i
170

s
180

*
190

*

200

i
210

»

220

1

230

$
240

*

250

-

170

*

260

270

—

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

and
over

270

HEN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

27
27

39.0
39.0

146.50
146.50

$
$
$
140.00 131.00140.00 131.00-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

129
119

39.5
39.5

115.00
114.50

112.00
112.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

54
50

39.0
39.0

110.50
111.50

115.00
115.50

87.00-131.50
87.50-132.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------ -----

32

39.5

238.00

232.50

216.50-267.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

94
81

39.5
39.5

182.00
181.00

181.00
175.00

166.50-192.00
166.00-188.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------

58

39.0

165.00

164.00

143.00-192.00

SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------

31

39.5

291.00

279.00

245.00-330.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

59
59

40.0
40.0

179.50
179.50

177.00
177.00

155.00155.00-

201.00
201.00

*

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

94
82

40.0
40.0

149.00
153.00

147.00
160.50

131.00133.00-

167.50
168.50

.

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

50
45

40.0
40.0

114.50
115.00

112.50
113.50

107.00107.00-

124.50
124.50

NURSES,

31

40.0

153.00

149.50

145.00-159.00

i

101.50101.50-

-

123.50
122.50

1
1

1
1

1
1

3
3

8
8

3
3

22
21

32
28

30
30

14
14

19
16

1
1

1
1

19
19

-

-

-

“

6
6

“

1
1

1
1

13
9

5
4

i
i

3
3

5
5

7
6

7
7

*

*

”

_

2
2

4
4

1

175.00
175.00

-

“

4

8

1

9

-

-

*

1
1

4
4

2
2

3
3

1
1

2
2

i

-

-

-

-

5
5

“

7
7

4
4

25
22

5
5

23
22

5
1

7
2

4

11

5

2

4

1

4

12

5

2

7

-

-

”

1
1

5
5

13
13

8
8

8
8

16
16

-

27
27

COMPUTER

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---




_

1
-

-

*
-

-

“

*

4
*

12
12

4
4

16
8

*

-

4
4

17
13

10
10

8
8

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

7

2

1 **20

6
8

-

*

4
4

4
4

_
*

-

-

8
8

“

7
7

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

*

"

"

11
10

* Workers were distributed as follows: 1 at $280 to $290; 3 at $290 to $300; and 1 at $300 to $320.
* * Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at $270 to $280; 2 at $300 to $320; 8 at $320 to $340; and 4 at $340 to $360.
See footnotes at end of tables.

*5

-

*

-

14

8

4

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , b y se x

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1973)
Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

57
28
29

$
40.0 136.00
40.0 133.00
39.5 138.50

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

91
72

40.0 101.00
40.0 99.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYSI -------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN
BILLERS, M
ACHINE (BILLING
M
ACHINE ) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

54
49

39.5
39.0

84.00
84.00

53
26

40.0
40.0

87.00
85.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------

35

o
o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

67
50

40.0
40.0

95.50
93.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T ILIT IES------------------

309
38
271
38

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

118.00
115.50
118.50
137.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

359
101
258
57

40.0 94.00
40.0 99.00
40.0 92.50
40.0 110.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

97
94

39.0
39.0

86.00
86.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

128
128

39.0
39.0

83.50
83.50

39.5
40.0
39.5

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

112
44
68

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

159
31
128

See footnote at end of tables




93.50
98.50
90.50

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W M — CONTINUED
O EN

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

Weekly
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W M — CONTINUED
O EN
269
34
235

39.5
40.0
39.5

$
89.00 TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------99.00
87.50
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

37
37

39.0
39.0

SECRETARIES --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

937
190
747
94

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

$

82.00
82.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ----------

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---

75
38
37

SECRETARIES, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------NONM
ANUFACTURING ------

183
70
113

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------NCNMANUFACTURING ---

238
46
192

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---

441
36
405

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL

310
38
272

MANUFACTURING --------

NONM
ANUFACTURING --STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A

124
43
81
47

SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

162
161

40.0 113.00
40.0 110.00
40.0 115.00

SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

116

39.5 103.50
40.0 103.50
39.0 103.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --NONM
ANUFACTURING

185
153

167
51

PROFESSIONAL A D TECHNICAL
N
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
120.00
127.50
118.00 COM
PUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------152.50
NONM
ANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

40.0 14 2 .CO COM
PUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------40.0 147.50
NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------39.5 136.50
COM
PUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------40.0 128.50
40.0 130.00
39.5 128.00 COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------------------------39.5 116.50
40.0 112.50 COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,
39.0 117.50 BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------39.5 114.00
40.0 120.50 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
39.5 113.50 BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------------------40.0 98,00 COM
PUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
40.0 103.50 BUSINESSt CLASS A ----------------------40.0 97.00
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING--------- -----------v---40.0 126.50
40.0 120.50
40.0 129.50 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING--------------- r --------39.0 106.00
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------39.5 79.00
39.5 79.00
PROFESSIONAL A D TECHNICAL
N
40.0 92.00
OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN
40.0 95.50
40.0 90.50
COM
PUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------39.5 93.00
39.5 92.50
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----

ifci

4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

153
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

L 0 4 . CO

25
25

39.5
39.5

1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

59
53

39.5 1 1 9 . 5 0
39.5 121.00

39
35

39.0 118.50

31

39.5 236.50

84
75

39.5 182.00
39.5 181.O
G

52

39.0 164.00

25

39.5 285.00

59
59

40.0 179.50
40.0 179.50

89
82

40.0 151.50
40.0 153.00

42

40.0 111.50

70
66

39.5 1 1 1 . 0 0
39.5 110.00

30

154.00

3 9 .0

o

119
46
73

Sex, occupation, and industry division

o

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

115.50

Ave rage

Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1 1 6 . 5C

12
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , M a y 1973)
Hourly earnings ^

Sex, occupation, and industry divisi

Number
o
f
workers

i

$

1.80 2.00

Mean 2

Median *

Middle range 2

$ t

i

2.20

i

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

2 .AO 2.60

$

2.80

$

*

*

$

«

i

3.20

3.00

$

*

3.A0

*

*

%

3.60

$

3.80

*

t

A .00

*

r

A .20

and
under

A.A0
and

2*00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3,00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3*80 4,00 4,20 4,40 4.60 4.80 5,00 5,20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6,00 6.20 over

M
EN
CARPENTERS, M
AINTENANCE
NONM
ANUFACTURING ----

A5
39

$
3.36
3.33

$
3.38
3.39

$
$
2.89- 3.66
2.88- 3.65

-

ELECTRICIANS, M
AINTENANCE
M
ANUFACTURING -----------

70
53

A . 21
A.05

3.88
3.82

3.58- 5.25
3.52- A.90

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------NONM
ANUFACTURING ----------

59
31

3.95
3.76

3.89
3.85

3.19- 5.02
3.5A— A.03

•

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING -------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ----------

126
80
A6

3.05
3.33
2.56

2.77
3.A2
2.35

2.18- 3.A7
2.56- 3.50
2.06- 3.11

6
6
*

23

MECHANICS, AUTOM
OTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------NCNM
ANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

151
A8
103
71

A . 31
3.A3
A . 73
5.32

A.09
3.12
A.5A
6.10

3.152.853.794.51-

_

_

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING --------------

160
1A8

A.03
A . 02

3.60
3.59

3.53- A.30
3.53- A.27

-

_

See footnotes at end of tables.




5.97
3.29
6.13
6.16

_
.
27
4

-

*

2
2

1
1

9
9

1
*

12

9

A
A

10
10

3
3

i
i

*
“

-

.
-

“

6
6

3
3

10
10

9
6

11
9

4

-

7

9

“

9
9

3
3

8
a

7
7

4

16
8
8

13
12
1

4

30
28
2

_
-

-

-

-

16
A
12

7
-

12
11
1

11
11

3
3
3

10
10
6

9
9
“

4

-

-

2
2

1

11
11

5
5

4

60
60

-

9
9

18
16

A

“

5
5

1
1
7

3
5

-

5

A

i

7

2
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

11
8
3
3

_

“

-

-

3
3
3

33
33
33

3
3
3

6
-

4
4

13
13

14
1A

-

-

2
2

1

_

1
“

7
7

9
6

-

1
1

_

_

11

-

2
2

_
-

18
18

-

-

-

A

i
3

"
-

-

4

A
*
_

-

20
1
19
16

11
11

2
2

4

A

-

-

A .60

13
T a b le A -5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

Sex, occupation, and industry division

t
t
t
*
*
*
t
*
*
»
»
%
t
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00

Number
workers

M ean2

Median^

Middle range

^

t
%
t
i
t
$
$
t
t
$
3.20 3 .40 3.60 3.8C 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00

and
under

and

1.70 1,80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2,20 2,30 2 .40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3 .60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 over

HEN

GUARDS A O W TCH EN --------------------N
A M
M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

733
105
628

$
2.33
2.38
2.32

$
1.93
2.29
1.89

$
1 .8 4 2 .2 2 1.83-

$
3.02
2.55
3.05

10
10

266
6
260

52
7
45

18
18

16
6
10

37
37
“

16
15
1

8
8

74

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

-

-

2

7

-

4

5

7

8

74

“

12
11
1

20
6
14

93
9
84

-

2

3

18

42

33

18

-

18

42

33

18

*

7

-

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

39

2.31

2.33

2 .1 3 - 2.46

W TCH EN
A M
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

66

2.42

2.29

2 .2 3 - 2.75

4

-

-

2

32

8

-

-

9

3

8

JANITORS. PORTERS. A D CLEANERS ---N
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

1,333
266
1,067

1.93
2.31
1.84

1.78
2.29
1.69

1 .6 6 - 2.22
1 .9 5 - 2.60
1 .6 5 - 2.09

587
1
586

98
8
90

85
42
43

74
32
42

56
12
44

78
23
55

123
18
105

52
24
28

35
26
9

46
15
31

23
8
15

49
40
9

6
6

13
11
2

7

-

-

-

1

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

920
263
657

2.30
2.44
2.25

2.16
2.28
2.09

1 .9 2 - 2.58
2 .0 8- 3.07
1.9 0- 2.55

45
4
41

56
38
18

115
11
104

89
4
85

101
12
89

84
39
45

62
29
33

24
18
6

34
9
25

99
12
87

62
4
58

19
3
16

38
24
14

57
56
1

5

7

9

_

12

2

5

7

9

-

12

2

DROER FILLERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

598
55
543

2.24
2.56
2.20

2.08
2.64
2.06

1 .9 5 - 2.53
2 .4 4 - 2.78
1 .9 5 - 2.35

-

23
6
17

69
69

110
110

121
121

39
39

39
39

30
4
26

17
10
7

5
4
1

32
21
11

70
70

34
10
24

-

9

-

9

112
64

2.26
2.30
2.20

2.28
2.34
2.17

2 .1 0 - 2.40
2 .1 9 - 2.53
2 .0 7 - 2.31

8
8
*

20
12
8

*

16
4
12

22
5
17

28
18
10

39
27
12

4
*

26
25
1

*

*

9
-

-

4

“

-

“

-

-

-

2.74
2.70
2.76

2.75
2.73
2.82

2 .2 8 - 2.89
2 .5 5 - 2.80
2 .1 6 - 3.48

-

5
2
3

1

7
6
1

8
6
2

29
24
5

24
7
17

5
5

4
3
1

8
8

10
1
9

4
4

_

_

_

-

21
2
19

-

-

9
9

_

”

“

-

MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

135
51
84

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

9

-

4

-

7

-

-

-

-

4

_

_

_

“

13
13

1

“

17
8

-

*

12
8

13
3
10

80
41
39

2
2
*

1

1

1

1

45
28
17

13

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------

-

“
-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------

44

2.27

2.28

1 .9 7- 2.48

-

-

-

SHIPPING A D RECEIVING CLERKS -----N
NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

56
34

2.84
2.86

2.71
2.78

2 .4 7 - 2.93
2 .4 8 - 2.94

-

-

-

*

“

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

2,048
515
1,533
565

3.33
2.61
3.57
5.32

2.59
2.55
2.72
5.94

2 .2 8 2 .4 5 2 .1 5 5 .5 4 -

4.47
2.65
5.58
6.02

97
4
93
“

79
4
75
4

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------

234
51
183

1.97
2.25
1.89

2.01
2.37
1.93

1 .7 5- 2.14
2 .1 2 - 2.55
1 .7 4- 2.07

17
4
13

TRUCKDRIVERS, M
EDIUM (1 -1 /2 TO
A O INCLUDING A TONS) -------------- 1,017
N
227
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------790
372
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------ *

3.49
2.82
3.69
5.24

2.70
2.63
2.79
5.90

2 .2 6 2 .5 4 2 .1 2 5 .5 2 -

80

*
Workers were distributed as follows:
* * Workers were distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end of tables




5.55
2.93
5.59
5.97

-

80

16

1

*

”

6
2

28
4
24
*
“

16
2
14

157
8
149
3

84
32
52
“

63
6
57
“

61
23
38
5

113
97
16

363
167
196
15

176
85
91
54

62
17
45
15

79
4
75

4
4
“

14
14

52
52

26
6
20

11

3
3
“

4
4
“

15
15
“

5
3
2

“

-

20
20

2
2
-

93
93
2

38
14
24

36
36

53
20
33
5

16
16

92
56
36
15

128
68
60
30

48
17
31
15

6
5

114 at $5.40 to $5.60; 187 at $5.80 to $6; and 168 at $6 to $6.20.
114 at $5.40 to $5.60; 147 at $5.80 to $6; and 44 at $6 to $6.20.

4

4

_

18
4
14

4
9

29

61

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

18
18

61

15

10

-

6

30

14
14

9
-

2
2

1
1

18
18
-

-

-

10

6

-

29

9

15

1

-

-

3
3

30 ‘'469
-

-

469
469

*305
305
305

14
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A verage straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
|
I
«
f
9
9
9
f
9
$
*
*
*
t
i
i
i
»
i
I
t
I
I
1.60 1.70 1*80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2_60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.4 0 4.60 4.80 5.00
and
under

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.4 0 3.60 3.8 0 4.00 4.2 0 4.40 4.6 0 4.80 5.00

over

M
EN - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCK0RIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE I ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

$
3.81
2.38
3.95

$
3.25
2.47
3.67

$
2 .5 5 2 .1 5 2 .5 6 -

2.38
2.47
2.26

2 .1 0 - 3.04

255

2.59
2.78
2.49

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

512
498

1.76
1.76

1.69

1.68

1.6 4- 2.00
1.64- 2.00

301
301

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------

26

2.13

2.13

2 .0 3- 2.25

1

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) — --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

610
56
554
375

120

$
5.93
2.56
5.97

2 .2 3 - 2.98

2 .1 0 - 3.08

—
-

6
6

4
•
4
5
5

4
4

-

20

20
12
8

16
16

-

4

-

12
8

5

13
13
-

176
16
160

34
5
29

58

51

28

21

21

6

8

24
5
19

12

-

20

10

46

51

18

18

10

45
41

81
81

2
2

4

6

9

5

-

15

13

14

7

15

52

13

3

-

1
6

22
1
21

4

-

6

30 *164

14

4

15

52

13

3

-

6

30

29
17

11

29

27

17
-

-

-

12

8

24
24

3

WM
O EN

*

Workers were distributed as follows:

See footnotes at end of tables.




31
30

33
33

-

-

40 at $5.80 to $6; and 124 at $6 to $6.20.

-

1
-

3

3

6
23

—

27

-

17

—

—

—

164
_
•

15

Footnotes

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o t a li n g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a l f o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e le s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n ,
T h e m id d le
r a n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n le s s th a n th e l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .







Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p rim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in terare a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p urp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists are nstructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners: train e es: and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping ch arges or perform other
cle ric al work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m achine, are
cla ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r, machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ec e ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a la rge number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' b ills as part of the accounts receivable o p e ra­
tion. G enerally involves the simultaneous entry of figu res on cu sto m ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of v ertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in b asic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. Determ ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. K eeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or section s of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P hases or section s include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under biller,
m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such a s posting to r e g iste rs and le d g e rs;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accuracy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric a l methods and office p ractice s and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
prin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Under general supervision, p erform s accounting cle ric al operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, c le rically processin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, or tracin g tran sact]! r s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ss is te d by one or m ore
c la s s B accounting c le rk s.
C la ss B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro­
cedu res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting cle ric al operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib ed accounting codes.
C LER K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m ate rial in an established filing system . May perform
c le ric a l and m anual task s required to m aintain file s. Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May a lso file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file cle rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and file s u n classified m aterial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-r e fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates cle arly identified m aterial in files and fo r­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related c le rical task s required to m aintain and service files.
C la ss C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l cla ssifica tio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple c le ric a l and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice files.
C LE R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following; Quoting p rice s to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to m ake up the o rder; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled. May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from cu stom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LER K , PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ec e ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total , wages due. May m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t p ay m aster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter o p e rato rs.

17

18
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch machine to record or v erify alphabetic and/or num eric data on
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

NOTE: The term "corp orate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, re fe r s to
those o fficials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctiv ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such p osition s. Vice p residen ts whose p rim ary respon sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts; directly sup ervise a c le ric a l staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e r s" for p urposes of applying the following level definitions.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion m ay also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p erato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under clo se supervision or following specific
procedures or in struction s, works from v ario u s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s v ariou s routine duties such a s running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.

C la ss A
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su bsid iary of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s B
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rso n s; or

A ssigned as p erso n al se c r e ta r y , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
respon sive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fairly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m ost of the following:

3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, re se arch , operations, industrial relation s, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or

a. R eceives telephone c a lls , p erson al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in q uires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;

5. S ecre ta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g ., a middle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving a s many a s se v e ral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.

SECRETARY

b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r's files;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r 's calendar and m akes appointments a s instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Review s correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r 's signature to a ss u r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and se c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and procedures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
E xclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n a l" se c re ta ry concept d escribed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully train ed in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers serving a s office a ssista n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an ag erial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substan tially m ore com plex and resp on sible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore respon sible tech­
nical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
se c r e ta r ia l work.




C la s s C
1. S ecre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev e ral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza ­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p erv iso r or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); o r
2. S ecretary to a n onsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al em ployee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assig n
sten ograp h ers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s a s d escribed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c re ta ry in that a se c re ta ry norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and p erform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary task s as d escribed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, G eneral
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s , keep sim ple re c o rd s,
or perform other relatively routine cle ric al ta sk s.

19
STENOGRAPHER—Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or rep orts on scientific rese arc h . May a lso set up and maintain file s, keep re c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g reater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, a s evidenced by the following: Work req u ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure; and of the specific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licies, p roce­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible c le ric al task s such a s m aintaining followup files; assem bling m aterial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs; com posing sim ple le tters from general in struction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A. O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls, such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ice o ccurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urp o ses, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex c alls are referre d to another operator.)
These c lassificatio n s do not include switchboard o p erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custom ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts a s receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le rical work a s part of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajo r p art of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p reter, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devisn:£
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring respon sibility is lim ited to
selection and in sertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g reports or parts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C op erators. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in b asic m achine operations.
C la ss C . Under specific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal brie fs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
ria ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do c le rical work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re co rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev eral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying d etails to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licies, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and op erates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s, etc.); switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circuit, and sta rts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecia l conditions; reviews e rr o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro g ram er; and m aintains operating re c o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
program .
For wage study p u rp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p ro g ram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a ­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rogram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. Usually has received some form al training in com puter operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.

C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s are frequently tested
and introduced: scheduling requirem ents a re of c ritic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate p ro gram s may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p e rato rs.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

C la ss B . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing

Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in ­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation




20
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS—Continued
of data to achieve d esired r e su lts. Work involves m o st of the following: Applies knowledge of
com puter cap ab ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow ch arts to show o rder in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for machine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rog ram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lte rs
p ro gram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp o n sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m e rs p rim arily concerned with scientific
and /or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers a re c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general d irection on com plex problem s which
require competence in all ph ases of program ing concepts and p rac tic e s. Working from d ia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between v ariou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult becau se com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro c essin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm en ts to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substan tial m anipulation and re sequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m ers who are assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B .' Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ram s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or fo rm ats. Reports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re readily av ailable. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c e sse d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escrib ed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n e d , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m e rs.
C la ss C . M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learn ed in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard p roced ures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accu racy and conformance with
required pro ced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be autom ated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry resu lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in trial runs of
new and revised sy ste m s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an aly sis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified a s sy stem s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or sy stem s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering p roblem s.
F or wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s an alysts are c la ssifie d a s follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or undfer only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all phases of sy stem s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iv erse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, co st a n a ly sis, and sa le s an aly sis reco rd in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with p erson s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or rev ised sy stem s of data p rocessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajo r sy stem s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who are assign ed to
as sist.
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because so u rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data a re closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining d epositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a reta il establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with p erson s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , a s described for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assig n m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
stru ctions, and to in sure proper alinem ent with the overall system .
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses as assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for sy stem s an aly sis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting p reced en ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design o rigin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relationsh ips of com ­
ponents and p a r ts. Works with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la s s B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b a sse m b lie s with irre g u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between com ponents; p rep ares a rc h i­
tectu ral draw ings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sectio n s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load ca p a citie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Com pleted work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep a ir p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric p rojections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates d etails from a number of so u rces
and ad ju sts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
preced en ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls a re given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assign m en ts recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re s s.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
draw ings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
con sisting of straight lines and a la rge scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized ite m s. Work is closely sup ervised
during p r o g re s s.
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electronic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, in stallin g, rep airin g, and overhauling. These operations
require the p erform ance of m o st or all of the following ta sk s: A ssem blin g, testin g, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and req u ires a knowledge of the theory and p ractice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electron ic te st equipment; trouble a n aly sis; and
the operation, relation sh ip, and alinem ent of electronic sy ste m s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p arts.

21
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

E lectron ic equipment or sy stem s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following;
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio com munications sy ste m s, relay sy ste m s, navigation aid s;
airborne or ground rad ar sy stem s; radio and television transm itting or recording sy stem s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp acecraft guidance and control sy stem s; in dustrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating and controlling d ev ices; etc.

A reg iste re d n urse who gives nursing serv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in juries; keeping record s
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for compensation or other p urposes; assistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le r s and t e s t e r s , craftsm en , draftsm en, d e sig n e rs, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving s e ts .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n e c e ssa ry to construct and maintain in good rep a ir build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s, coun ters, benches, p artition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of c arp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring in strum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P roduces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making rep a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m a te r ia ls, p arts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requ ires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the installation, m aintenance, or
rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of ele ctric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c­
tric a l equipment such as gen erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b r e a k e r s,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
prints, draw ings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In general, the work of the m aintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may a lso su p erv ise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echanical or e le ctric a l) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, ge n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and boiler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem p erature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ir e s stationary b o ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or op erates a m echanical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety v alv es. May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the sk illed m aintenance tra d e s, by perform ing sp ecific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trad e to trad e: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform specialized machine operations, or p arts of a trad e that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e cialize s in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylindrical or surface grin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of precision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s,
sp eed s, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re ss to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p urp o ses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this classificatio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R ep airs autom obiles, bu se s, m otortrucks, and tra c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing re p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem b lin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem blin g and installing the various
a sse m b lies in the vehicle and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In gen eral, the work of the automotive mechanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This cla ssifica tio n does not include m echanics who rep air cu sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep air shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or partly dism antling m achines and perform ing re p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a m achine shop for m ajor re p a irs; preparing written specification s for m ajor rep airs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this classificatio n are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te ria ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and piaintaining in good order power tran sm ission
equipment such a s d rives and speed red u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw right's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu liaritie s and types of paint required for different ap p lica­
tion s; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

holes and in te r stic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix c o lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other sp ecification s; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and in stallin g sheet-m etal a rticle s
a s required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience Usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls or re p a irs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from draw ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
c o rrec t lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop computations relatin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim arily engaged in in stalling and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy stem s a re excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s machine gu ards, g re a se pans, sh e lv es, lo c k e rs, tan ks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C on structs and re p a irs m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or d ies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recision m easurin g instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; m aking n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp ee d s, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
a s well a s of finished tools and d ies to achieve required q u alities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and a ssem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selectin g appropriate
m a te r ia ls, too ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F or c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, tool and die m ak e rs in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this c la ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G u ard. P e r fo r m s rou tine p o lic e duties, eith e r at fix e d post o r on tou r, m aintaining o rd e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on iden tity o f em p lo y ees and oth er persons e n te rin g .

Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting property again st fir e ,
theft, and ille g a l entry.
JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or co m m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, tra sh , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu re s or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance s e rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO RER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
A w orker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following; Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru c k s, or other tran sportin g d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper sto rag e location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tran sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with sp ecification s on s a le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or sto rage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in o rder to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting en clo sures in container; using exce lsio r o r other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; and applying lab e ls or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c ra te s are excluded.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is resp on sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a t e r ia ls . Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping p ro ­
ced u res, p r a c tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and r a te s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, m aking up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and keeping
a file of shipping re c o rd s. May direct or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves; Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st b ills of lading, in voices, or other re c o rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m a te ria ls to p roper departm ents; and maintaining n ec e ssa ry
reco rd s and file s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in du strial a re a to tran sp o rt m a te ria ls, m erch and ise,
equipment, or men between variou s types of establish m ents such a s : M anufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and re ta il establish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents and
c u sto m ers' houses or p laces of bu sin e ss. May also load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
o ver-th e-road d riv e rs are excluded.
follow s:

F or wage study p u rp o se s, tru ck d riv e rs are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruck d river
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

(combination of siz e s liste d sep arately)
light (under IV2 tons)
m edium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRU CKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to tran sp ort
goods and m a te ria ls of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers a re c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e fo ll o w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y for u s e in a d m in i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o ntrac t A c t of 1965.
w i l l be a v a i l a b l e at no cos t w hile sup pli es la s t f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o ff ic es shown on the b a c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
A lask a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A m a r illo , Tex.
Atlan tic City, N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a .— C.
S.
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a li f.
Baton R o u ge , L a .
B i l o x i , G u lf p o rt , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m fo r d , Conn.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Iowa
Ch am pa ig n—U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , T en n ., and H o p k i n s v i lle , Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , Co lo .
C o lu m b i a , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a —A l a .
Corpus C h risti, Tex.
C r a n e , Ind.
D o tha n, A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
S
E l Paso, Tex.
E ug en e— p r i n g f i e ld , O r e g .
S
F a r g o —M o o r h e a d , N. Da k.—Minn .
Fa y e t td v il le , N. C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d . —P a . —W . V a .
F r e s n o , C a li f.
G r a n d F o r k s , N. Dak.
G r a n d Is land— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
G r e e n b o r o —Winston S a l e m — ig h Poin t, N . C .
H
H a r r is b u r g , Pa.
K n o x v i l l e , T en n.
R e p o r t s fo r the fo ll o w i n g

surveys

L a re d o , Tex.
Las V e g a s, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d —V a .
M a c o n , Ga.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste.
M a r i e , Mich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
( B r e v a r d Co.)
M eridian, M is s.
M i d d l e s e x , Monm ou th , O ce an , and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
Montgom ery, A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n.
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
N o r w i c h —Groton—N e w Lond on, Conn.
O gd en, Utah
O r la n d o , F l a .
O x n a r d —S im i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a li f.
P a n a m a City, F l a .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H . — a in e — a s s .
M
M
P u e b lo , Co lo .
Reno , N e v .
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f.
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a li f.
S h e rm a n —D e n is on , T e x .
Shreveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e ld —C h ic o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s — Conn.
H
To p e k a , Kan s.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d — a p a , C a li f.
N
W i lm i n g t o n , D e l —N . J ^ M d .
Yuma, A r iz .

conducted in the p r i o r y e a r but sin ce di scont inued a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e :

A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s City, M i c h .
A sh eville, N .C .
Austin, T e x . *
F o r t Smith, A r k —Okla.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
*

C o pies of public r e l e a s e s a r e o r

Expan ded to an a r e a w a g e

s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

Le xin gt o n , K y . *
P i n e B lu ff , A r k .
Stockton, C a li f.
T acom a, Wash.
W ich ita F a l l s , T e x .
See insi de b a c k c o v e r .

The twelfth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r ac co untan ts, a u d i t o r s , ch ief accountants, a t t o rn e y s , job a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m i s ts ,
e n g i n e e r s , en g in e e r in g te c hnic ia ns , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r a s B L S B ulletin 1742, N a tio n a l S u rv e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o ff ic es shown on the b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m the
Superintendent of D o cu m e n t s, U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gto n, D . C . , 20402.




^

U. 1 G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G OFFICE:

197 3 -

- 229 / I!




A re a W a g e Surveys
A lis t of the la te st a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p resen te d below . A d ire c to ry of a r e a w age stu d ies including m o re lim ite d stu d ies conducted at the
re q u est of the Em ploym ent S tan d ard s A d m in istratio n of the D epartm ent of L a b o r i s a v a ila b le on re q u e st. B u lle tin s m ay be p u rc h ase d fro m any of the B L S
re gio n al s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back co v e r, or from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U .S. G overnm ent P rin tin g O ffice, W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A re a
A k ron , Ohio, Dec. 1972---------------------------------------------A lb an y —
Schenectady— r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1973 1 ------------T
Albuqu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1973------------------------------A llentow n—
Bet hlehem —
Easton, P a . —N .J ., M ay 1972 1 —
Atlanta, G a . , M ay 1972 1-------------------------------------------Austin, T e x . , Dec. 19721------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1972 1______________________________
B e a u m o n t- P o r t A r th u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1972-------Binghamton, N . Y . , July 1972-------------------------------------B irm in g h am , A la . , M ar. 1973 1---------------------------------B o is e C ity, Idaho, N ov. 1972 1____________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 19721_______________________________
B uffa lo, N . Y . , Oct. 19721-----------------------------------------Burlington, V t . , Dec. 1972 1______________________________
Canton, Ohio, M a y 1973____________________________________
C harle ston, W. V a . , M a r . 1973_____________________ _____
C harlo tt e, N .C . , Jan. 1973----------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a . , Sept. 1972 1------------------------C hicag o, 111., June 1972--------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1973------------------------Clevelan d, Ohio, Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1972 1______________________________
D alla s, T e x . , Oct. 19721------------------------------------------D av enpor t—
Rock Island— oli n e, Iowa—
M
111., Feb. 1973---Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1972___________________________________—
D e n v e r, C o lo . , Dec. 1972------------------------------------------D es M oin es , Iowa, M ay 1973-------------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h., Feb. 1972 —-------- ------ 1
___________________
D u rh am , N .C . , A p r . 1973---------------- -------------------------F o r t Laud erdale— oll yw o od and W e s t P a l m
H
Bea ch, F l a . , A p r . 1973___________________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Oct. 19721-----------------------------------G r ee n Bay, W i s . , July 1972 1------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S.C., M ay 1972----- —_ _ _ _ _ _ _ -------------- -----Houston, T e x . , Ap r . 1973__________________________________
Hun ts vil le , A l a . , Feb. 1973---------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1-----------------------------------Jackson, M i s s . , Jan. 1973-----------------------------------------J ac k s on v ille , F l a . , Dec. 1972-----------------------------------Kansas City, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1972--------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972 1-----------H
Lexington, K y . , Nov. 1972 1---------------------------------------L i ttl e Rock— orth L ittle Rock, A r k ., July 1972 1-------N
L os A n g e le s —Long Beach and Anaheim —Santa AnarGar den G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972 1---------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind ., N ov. 1972---------------------------------Lubbock, T e x . , M ar. 1973-----------------------------------------M anc h es te r, N .H ., J uly 1972 1----------------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.— r k . , Nov. 1972—— ------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1972 1__________________________________
M idland and O d essa, T e x . , Jan. 1973-------- — ------------l

Data on establishment


B u lletin num ber
and p ric e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1775-73,
1775-74,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-35,
1775-72,
1725-68,
1775-61,

40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
35 cents
45 cents
40 cents
75 cents
30 cents
45 cents
55 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
50 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
70 cents
50 cents
75 cents
55 cents
75 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40 cents
50 cents
55 cents
30 cents
50 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
55 cents

1775-38,
177 5-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
177 5-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

1775-34,

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A re a
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1972 1--------------------------------------M inn ea polis —St. P a u l, M in n ., J an. 197 3__________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights , M ic h ., June 1972 1 ______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973--------------------N e w Haven, Conn., J an. 1973-------------------------------------N ew O r le a n s , L a . , J an. 1973--------------------------------------N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1972 1
_______________________________
N o r fo l k — i r g i n i a Bea ch— o r ts m o u th and
V
P
N e w p o rt N ew s—Hampton, V a . , J an. 1973 1-----------------Oklaho ma C it y, Okla ., July 1972__________________________
Omaha, N eb r .—Iowa, Sept. 1972___________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1972 1 --------------P
P h ila d e lp h ia, P a . — . J . , N ov. 1972------------------------------N
P h o en ix, A r i z . , June 1972 1________________________________
P itts b u rgh , P a . , J an. 1973 1 ---------------------------------------P o r tla n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1972_______________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h . , M ay 1972 1 ______________________
P oug hk eep sie —Kingsto ir -Newburgh, N . Y . ,
June 1972 1 __________________________________________________
P ro viden ce— arw ick—
W
Paw tu ck et, R.I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1972____________________________________________________
R ale ig h , N .C . , Aug. 1972-------------------------------------------Richmond, V a . , M ar. 1973_________________________________
R iverside—
San B er n a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O
Dec. 1972 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------R oc h e s te r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e occupations only), July 1972___
R oc k ford , 111., June 1972 1 -----------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o.—111., M ar. 1973 1----------------------------------Salt Lake C ity , Utah, Nov. 1972 1-------------------------------San Antonio, T e x . , M a y 1973______________________________
San D ie go, C a l i f . , Nov. 1972_______________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1 _____________
San J os e , C a l i f . , M ar. 1973________________________________
Savannah, G a . , M ay 1973___________________________________
Sc ranton, P a . , J uly 1972---------------------------------------------Seattle—E v e re tt, Wash., J an. 1973________________________
Sioux F a l l s , S. D ak ., Dec. 1972 1__________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1973---------------------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1---------------------------------------Syracuse, N . Y . , July 1972_________________________________
Tampa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug . 1972_______ __________
T o le d o , Ohicr-Mich., A p r . 1973____________________________
T re n ton , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1_________________________________
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1972--------------------------------------Washington, D.C.—Md.—V a . , M ar. 1973-----------------------W a te rb u r y, Con n., M ar. 1973--------------------------------------W a te rlo o , Iowa, Nov. 1972-----------------------------------------Wichita, K a n s . , Ap r. 1973__________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1973______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , Feb. 1973_______________________________________
Youngstown— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1972____________________
W

B u lletin num ber
and p ric e
1725-83,
177 5-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
177 5-46,
177 5-47,
1725-90,

45cents
55cents
35cents
55cents
40cents
40cents
50cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50cents
45cents
40 cents
40 cents
55cents
55cents
75cents
40cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1775-68,

30cents
45cents
40cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1775-78,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1775-66,
177 5-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
177 5-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
177 5-58,
177 5-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65cents
45cents
35cents
75cents
50cents
35cents
40cents
50cents
40cents
40cents
cents
cents
cents
40cents
35cents
cents
45cents
40cents
55cents
45cents
50cents
cents
cents
cents
40cents
cents
cents

45
40
40

45

40
40
40
40
40

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -4 4 1

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

T IR CLASS M IL
H D
A

B U R E A U OF L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R EGI ONA L OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District ot Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102