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Dayton & Montgomery Cq ,
Public Library
OCT 5

1971

OOCUMENT COLLECTION

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t

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e

S a n

A n to n io , T e x a s , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
M a y 19 71

3 I ■

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B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 8 1
U.S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S TA TIS TIC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e

S a n

A n to n io , T e x a s , M e tro p o lita n A r e a ,
M a y 19 71

B ulletin 16 8 5 -8 1
September 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




P r e f a c e

C o n t e n t s
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in t o (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t io n _________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s - — __ _______________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A fte r c o m p le t io n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta t o r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g i o n s a n d th e U n ite d S t a te s .

B.
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gra m .
In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a n d on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in San
A n t o n io , T e x ., in M a y 1 9 7 1 .
T h e S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B e x a r a n d G u a d a lu p e
C o u n t ie s .
T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in D a lla s , T e x ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
t io n o f B o y d B . O 'N e a l , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r
O p e r a t io n s .




1
5

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s tu d ie d — ___________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a n d
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________

6

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s — e n a n d w o m e n ___________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n ________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

10
11
11

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________________
B - 2 . S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s ________________________
B - 5 . P a id v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s ________________________

13
14
15
16
17
19

A p p e n d ix .

a reas.

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la t io n s
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

are

a v a ila b le f o r

o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s in
th e San A n t o n io a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t io n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; an d
lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

4

7
9

21




I n t r o d u c t io n

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e f it s on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a nd th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y te n d to f u r n is h i n s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b le
2, a r e b e t t e r in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in
th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r i e s , a nd a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t ; a nd (4) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e jo b t i t le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll i n d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t s h o w n
o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the a c t u a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s use.d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies con d u cted under contract w ith the N ew York State
D epartm ent o f Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (N ew Y ork portion on ly); R ochester ( o ff i c e o c c u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica —R om e. In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area studies
in 77 areas at the request o f the W age and Hour D ivision o f the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor.




1

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e

2
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a t e
th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e la t e t o p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a ta f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s n ot
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c ­
t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a nd a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s ( in c lu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
t io n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , a nd th e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a re m o r e lik e ly to h av e f o r m a l e n tra n ce r a te s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a n d l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e li m i t e d t o p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h is i n f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the
su rvey.
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
o v e r tim e r a te s .

a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lif y f o r
th e p r a c t i c e s li s t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th r o u g h
B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a ta o n p a id h o lid a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e li m i t e d to d a ta on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
T he fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le a nd T ia lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is l im it e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It is n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r a l l le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E s t im a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s a n d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s an d t h o s e w h ic h
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . S u ch e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l,
a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r ie s .
D a ta o n h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n if
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e p la n ,
e v e n i f l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
L e g a l ly
r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .

S ic k n e s s a nd a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m i t e d t o th a t ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d is a b i l i t y .
I n fo r m a t io n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k an d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd
d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,
p la n s
p e n s io n p la n s ( t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y
th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
2
A n establishm ent was considered as having a p o lic y i f it m e t eith er o f the fo llo w in g c o n ­
r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
ditions: (1 ) O perated la te shifts at the tim e o f the survey, o r (2 ) had form al provisions coverin g
late shifts. A n establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it ( l ) h a d operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in w ritten form for operating
late shifts.




3
Th e tem porary disability laws in C a liforn ia
contributions.

and Rhode Island do not require em ployer

3
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y
a nd n o w a itin g p e r i o d , a nd (2) p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e e it h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f it s .
4
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M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n ju r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , an d
s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s t o p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n t a l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , a nd X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p la n s w h ic h
c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w r it t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o f it o r g a n iz a t i o n s
o r th e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fu n d s e t a s id e f o r
th is p u r p o s e . T a b u la t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e li m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s th a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4

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1.

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S a n A n t o n io , T e x . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 1
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

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Num ber

P e rce n t

T o t a l4

512

12 7

87 ,8 6 9

100

6 1 , 11 6

1 3 ,1 8 0

4 3 ,7 1 1

-

13 6
376

42
85

27 ,4 4 8
6 0 ,4 2 1

31
69

2 1 ,2 4 5
3 9 ,8 7 1

1 ,9 8 8
1 1 ,1 9 2

1 4 ,0 2 4
2 9 ,6 8 7

50
50
50
50
50

42
75
135
58
66

16
13
24
11
21

8 ,0 6 0
7 ,3 6 8
2 7 ,5 3 1
9 ,3 3 6
8 , 12 6

9
8
32
11
9

4 ,2 4 0

1 ,3 7 2

6 ,0 0 6
1 ,5 8 5
13 ,5 5 1
4 ,8 6 3
3 ,6 8 2

A l l d i v i s i o n s _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5___________________ ____
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8___________________________________________

O ffic e

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(6 )

1 T h e S a n A n t o n io S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B e x a r a n d G u a d a lu p e C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d i n t h e [ s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s
o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 67 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d In d u s t r ia l C l a s s if i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s ( w i t h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e rs a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " i n t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
S a n A n t o n i o 's e l e c t r i c , g a s , a n d t r a n s i t s y s t e m s
a r e m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s '! i n t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f
d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d
i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in
e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b le s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d iv is io n i s n ot m a d e f o r o ne o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ( e x c lu d in g
r e l ig io u s a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




O n e - t h ir d o f the w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the S a n A n t o n io a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f ir m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d
s p e c if ic i n d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u s t r y g ro u p s
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 2 7
A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r t e x t il e
p r o d u c t s ___________________________16
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ---------- 12
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -------- 8
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g __________ 7
M a c h in e r y , e xce p t e le c t r ic a l—
6
S t o n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 6

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s __________________
M e a t p r o d u c t s _______________________
M e n 's a n d b o y s ' f u r n i s h i n g s _____
B e v e r a g e s ____________________________
C h i l d r e n 's o u t e r w e a r ______________
M e t a l s e r v i c e s ______________________
N e w s p a p e r s . . * _______________________

10
8
8
6
5
5
5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n i n t a b le 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e in d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g
y e a r and c o n t in u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r 's in d e x .

P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d plan t' w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b tr a c t in g 100 f r o m th e in d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a te o f
th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
Annual ra te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w h e n th e t im e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n o t in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
ea ch grou p.
L im it a t io n s

o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u t in g
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f lu e n c e d b y :
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , and (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e r e s u l t in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th a t e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a ges
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e ig h t b a s e d o n it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p :
O ffic e c le r ic a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h i n e
o p e ra t o rs, c la s s B
C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c la ss e s

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) —
C o n t in u e d

S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs

S e c r e t a r ie s

E le c t r ic ia n s

Ste n o g rap h e rs, g e n e ra l

M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s

C le r k s , f il e , c la s s e s

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s, c la s s e s

A , B, a n d C
C le r k s , o r d e r

A and B
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e ra t o rs,

P a in t e r s

C le r k s , p a y r o l l
C o m p t o m e t e r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s, c la ss e s

c la s s B
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A a n d B

T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s

A and B

A and B
M e sse n g e rs (o ffic e b oy s or
g ir ls )

The
p lie d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w e r e r e la t e d
g a te f o r th e

M e c h a n i c s ( a u t o m o t iv e )
Pipefitters

U n s k i l l e d p la n t (m e n ) :
In d u s t r ia l n u rs e s ( m e n a n d
w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r ia l ( r e g is t e re d )

J a n it o r s, p o rte rs, a n d
c le a n e r s
L a b o re r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d li n g

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n o t in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s ig n ific a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s
w e r e t o t a le d .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s
b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
e a r lie r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s

o f s ta n d a rd

w e e k ly

s a la rie s

and

s t r a ig h t - t im e

h o u r ly

e a rn in g s

fo r

s e le c te d

o c c u p a t io n a l

g ro u p s

in

S a n A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 a n d M a y 1 9 7 1 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
A l l in d u s t r ie s
O f f ic e
c le ric a l
(m e n and
w om en)

P e rio d

In d u s t r ia l
n u rse s
(m e n and
w om en)

M a n u f a c t u r in g

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w o rke rs
(m e n )

O ffic e
c le ric a l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u s t r ia l
n u rse s
(m e n and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w o rke rs
(m e n )

In d e x e s (Ju n e 1 9 6 7 = 1 0 0 )
M a y 1 9 7 0 _______________________________________________
M a y 1 9 7 1 . '™ . '. __________________________________________

1 1 4 .1
1 2 0 .4

(!)

(')

(!)
(*)

11 5.9
12 1 .6

(!)
(*)

(!)
(*)

(!)
o

11 6.9
1 2 4 .3

(!)
(l )

(!)
<*)

1 3 0 .1
16 1 .6

In d e x e s ( M a y 1 9 6 1 = 1 0 0 )
J u n e 1 9 6 7 ______________________________________________
M a y 1 9 7 1 _________________ - ------ -------------------------------

1 2 7 .3
1 5 3 .3

(')
<*)

(!)
(')

13 6 .6
16 6 .2

(!)

n

P e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e
M a y 1 9 6 1 t o M a y 1 9 6 2 ----------- --------- --------------------M a y 1962 to Ju n e 1963:
1 3 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ________________________ — -----A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ____________ _________ -

(*)

7.1

2 .2

(")

<>
‘

2 .9

(*)
(')

<!>
(*)

2 .5
2 .3

3 .6
3 .3

(l )

(*)
(*)

3 .6
3 .3

(!)

<!>
<>
(•)
<>
(*)

2 .6
4 .4

(!)
<)

4 .2
3.2
2 .8
1 0 .4
6 .9
5.1

3.5

(*)

2 .9
2 .7

J u n e 1 9 6 3 t o J u n e 1 9 6 4 -------------------------------------------J u n e 1 9 6 4 t o J u n e 1 9 6 5 ___________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 5 t o J u n e 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 6 t o J u n e 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 7 t o J u n e 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 8 t o J u n e 1 9 6 9 _________________ —
--------J u n e 19 69 to M a y 1970:
11 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _______________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e __________________________

2 .6
5 .1
2 .7
8 .0
7 .1
2 .8

<>
(*)
<>
<>
(*)

4 .3

3 .7
3 .3
4 .5
1 1 .2
9 .7
3 .6

3 .8
4 .2

(*)
(*)

9 .5
1 0 .4

M a y 1 9 7 0 t o M a y 1 9 7 1 _______________________________

5 .5

(*)

6 .7

1

D a t a d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n

NOTE:
p e rio d .
They
n u m b e rs fo r
m u lt ip lie d b y

(l )

(*)
( >
(*>
(')

()
()
o

(!)
()
(M
(!)
()
(*)

2 .0
2 .2

<!>
(*)

(!)
(*■
)

(!)
n

4 .0
4 .4

4 .9

(*)

(*•)

(*)

6 .3

n

c r it e r ia .

M o s t p r e v i o u s l y p u b lis h e d in d e x e s f o r th e S a n A n t o n io a r e a u s e d M a y 1961 a s th e b a s e
c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to th e n e w b a s e p e r io d b y d iv id in g t h e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d in g in d e x
J u n e 1 9 6 7 o n t h e M a y 1 9 6 1 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n i n t h e t a b le .
(T h e r e s u lt sh o u ld be
1 0 0 .)

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., May 1971)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

r
c
.
.
. . . . . . . .
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Nun’
ber
of
woikeni

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

*

*

$

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

65

*

*

60

70

75

$

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLAS S A -------N A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- ------ -----N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- '
----- -------

67
28
39

CLERKS. O R D E R ------------------ ------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- - ------ -

137
123

HESS ENGERS (OFFICE B O Y S ) ---- --- ---N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---•
--------------

$

$

$

5

85
.

85

and
under

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 6 Q_ « ____ 7 0 ----7 5 ___80
_
HEN

*
80
_

55

9 H _ 95
_

*

90

5

*

$

95

100

105

110

_

_

^

_

105

110

115

-

i

100

115

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[$

120

125

12a__125i

130.

*

i

130

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I

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__

160

160

170

180

150

160

150

16Q

170

180

190

$

39.5 127.00 122.00 10 2. 50 -1 56 .0 0
60.0 126.50 106.00 96 .5 0- 15 8. 00
39.5 128.50 12 3.00 109.00 -1 52 .5 0

-

-

-

60.0 108.00 101.00
60.0 108.00 101.00

93 .50- 112.50
93 .0 0- 11 3. 00

-

67
62

39.5
39.5

79.00
78.50

80.00
80.00

71 .0 0- 86.00
70 .50- 85.00

1
1

2
2

BILLERS. NACHINE (BILLING
N A C H I N E ) --------- --------------------

36

60.0

80.00

76.50

72 .00- 91.50

-

-

2

BO OK KEE PIN G-M ACH INE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ---------- ------- ------------ -

36

60.0 102.50

96.00

83.5 0- 12 5. 00

-

-

-

BOOK KEE PIN G— NACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B — — ---- ------- -------- ------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

82
66

60.0
60.0

87.50
88.00

76.50- 96.50
76.50- 95.00

-

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILI TI ES — --- -- ---- -—

222
28
196
65

60.0 108.50 106.50 93 .0 0- 12 2. 00
60.0 98.50 96.50 90 .5 0- 10 9. 00
60.0 110.00 108.50 93.5 0- 12 3. 00
39.5 121.00 122.00 11 6. 50 -130.50

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---- ■ ■
—
N A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ------ ■
-------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

296
65
231
50

60.0
60.0
39.5
60.0

6

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------

26

39.5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------ --------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

82
75

60.0
60.0

-

-

-

7
7

-

7
-

10
3
7

12
12

8
8

22
17

19
18

3
3

11
1)

5
5

-

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
8

-

5

6

6

-

10
1
9

33
33

5
-

9
8

8

-

«

1
-

-

-

10

-

-

1

-

6

3

-

18

16
13

10
10

-

7

5

6

-

6

-

-

8

-

1

13
5

2

-

-

-

3
-

-

5

-

7
-

.

6

6

-

6

1

6

1

12
12

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

1
-

8

-

-

-

-

N0HEN

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ----------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- ----------

155 60.0
165 60.0

86.50
85.50

85.00
88.00
86.00
93.50

-

-

-

98.50 101.00

82 .0 0- 10 6. 50

-

-

-

79.00
79.00

81.50 75.00- 86.50
82.00 75.5085.00

-

6
6

-

76.00
76.00

77.50 73 .0077.50 73.00-

81.00
80.50

-

9
7

19
18

76 .50- 99.50
73 .5 0- 13 0. 50

-

108
4!
67

60.0 97.00 89.00 79 .0 0- 11 7. 00
<,0.0 96.00 86.50 82 .0 0- 10 9. 00
60.0
97.50
96.50
76 .0 0- 11 8. 00

KE VPU NCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------N A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

115
29
86

60.0
60.0
60.0

97.50
97.50
98.00

KEYP UNC H OPERATORS, CLASS B ------N A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

257
65
212

60.0
60.0
60.0

82.50
86.50
81.50

92.00
93.50

92.00
85.00

6

-

-

-

-

-

83.00 75.00- 88.50
86.50 83 .50- 89.00
82.00
73 .00- 88.00

-

-

-

2

-

10
2

-

8

-

8

71
12
59
3

66

6

6

-

1

36
36

1

20
-

-

23
23

16
9
7
-

5
6
1
1

3
1
2
-

10

-

-

6

3

-

17
16

12
8

32
32

17
17

-

-

-

19
18

65
65

22
16

21
21

-

-

-

1
1

7
6

1
-

22
.5
2 20
5

25
21
6

i
7
- 1
7

10

31
1
30

25
2
23

10
6

6
3

10
10

-

2

-

-

25
12
13

18
7
11

10
10

13
2
11

66

60
23
37

15
3
12

11
1
10

3
3

6

12
52

6

6

2

-

5

-

2

-

1

-

-

3

1
-

-

-

-

-

-•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

1

1

-

-

-

9

3
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

8
1

-

-

-

9
9

3
5

6

-

-

-

1
1

5

-

-

-

1
1
-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21
9

-

-

-

-

8

6

-

-

-

-

3

3
3
3

-

-

6

2

-

-

-

10

-

12

7

6

-

-

-

2

12
12
12

-

39
35
13

6

-

6

6

2

6

-

10

2
1
1

-

9

-

-

-

16
6
13

1

20
-

-

5

6
6

11
2

6

57
22
35
16

11

1

-

-

16
3

16

-

1

-

1

-

6

6

17
3

60
-

11
2
9
5

6
60
3
2

69
9

11
-

-

37
11
26

15
6

1

17
13

1

96.00
89 .5 0- 10 6. 50
96.50
91 .50- 99.50
97.00 87 .5 0- 10 7. 50

6

8

-

-

-

.

8

-

13
13
-

-

8

-

-

-

17
17

-

-

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ---------------------N A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- --------- --N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- - ---------—




-

76.50- 96.00
77.50- 96.50
76.50- 93.50
86.00- 11 1. 00

59
35

See footnotes at end of tables

1
1

1

3

82.50
91.00
82.00
93.00

CLERKS, O R D E R ---- ----- ---------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

39.5
39.5

19

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

6

-

l

2

-

6

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

8

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and eatnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., M a y 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

-

65

70

75

*
80

*
85

*
90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110 _ 115

120

125

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

15
15

1
-

38
2
36

50
*
*6
9

58
19
39
5

58
29
29
3

**
11
33
3

56
1*
*2
8

55
16
39
10

55
15
*0
6

95
19
76
20

16
5
11
6

9
i
8
*

-

-

“

*7
1*
33
*

5
-

1
-

30
30
3

-

_

-

-

5

1

-

1*

2

12

10

7

5

*

2

*

-

-

-

-

_

*
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

*

$

*
55

weekly
(standard)

WOMEN

60

60

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

Number
of
woikeis

*

$

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

t

*

and
under

$

$

$

76.00

77.50

75.50-

79.50

19

63*
1*9
*85
8*

*0.0
*0.0
39.5
39.5

112.00
ll*.50
111.00
121.50

112.00
113.00
112.00
12*.00

97.50-127.00
10*.50-126.00
95.50-127.50
105.50-137.00

_
-

_
-

2
-

-

-

*0.0
*0.0
*0.0

125.00
127.50
123.00

12*.00
127.50
121.00

113.50-137.50
122.00-1*0.50
112.00-13*.00

-

_

-

------------

62
26
36

*

“

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B — -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1*5
56
89

*0.0
*0.0
*0.0

119.50
116.00
121.50

119.00
115.50
123.00

107.00-135.50
105.00-129.50
108.50-137.00

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ---------

181
37
1**

*0.0
*0.0
39.5

110.50
111.50
110.50

113.50
112.50
11*.00

9*.00-127.00
101.00-12*.00
90.00-128.00

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D — -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

2*6
30
216

39.5
*0.0
39.5

105.00
103.00
105.50

102.50
106.00
102.00

92*50-118.00
99.00-108.50
92.00-120.00

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

253
*5
208

*0.0
*0.0
*0.0

87.00
96.50
85.00

86.50
93.00
8*.00

7*.00- 97.00
85.50-109.50
73.00- 96.00

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------ M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------■—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1*3
27
116

*0.0
*0.0
39.5

105.00
108.00
10*.00

102.00
100.50
102.50

93.00-109.50
97.00-125.00
92.00-109.00

_

38

*0.0

93.00

89.50

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

105
10*

*0.0
*0.0

77.50
77.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ---- ------

157
*7
110

*0.0
*0.0
*0.0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

87
72

39.5
39.5

9

-

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- -------- N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- --- -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

SWITCHBOARD

(

CONTINUED

* U# J

SECRETARIES,

*

A

-----------------

-----—

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A -----

2

~

_

-

5

-

11

1

7

3

*

-

3

2

9
3
6

8
l
7

12
10
2

17
8
9

11
6
5

18
7
11

11
*
7

6
*
2

*6
13
33

*
-

1
-

1
-

-

-

*

1

1

-

-

2
2

21
l
20

10
5
5

9
3
6

*
2
2

23
7
16

10
2
a

1*
3
11

13
7
6

36
*
32

17
3
1*

1
-

*
-

2
-

-

_

-

-

1

*

2

-

-

22
3
19

19
-

3
-

6
6

_
-

_

-

3

25
25

-

19

-

-

-

1
l
-

*

-

1
-

-

_
-

- .

-

2
2

-

1
-

28
28

16
1
15

28
6
22

28
28

*1
6
35

18
1*
*

9
-

1

20
20

56
6
50

17
17

26
5
21

28
7
21

30
8
22

3*
*
30

18
1
17

9
*
5

1
1
-

*
-

*

-

*

~

-

-

-

-

19
10
9

28
7
21

21

1
1

9
9

3
1
2

3
-

13

18
1
17

21
-

“

10
2
8

13
-

-

2
2

8*.00-101.00

-

-

1

-

3

7

9

2

6

5

-

3

2

73.00
73.00

65.0055.00-

80.00
79.50

3
3

23
23

13
13

22
22

19
19

2
2

2
2

1
*

10
10

-

1
1

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

85.00
89.50
83.00

81.50
87.00
79.00

7*.0080.5073.00-

92.50
96.00
87.50

-

_

*
*

*6
*6

19
7
12

31
10
21

15
7
8

7
7
-

*
*

20
*
16

-

3

*

_

-

*
*

-

3

*

-

92.50
93.00

90.50
90.00

85.50-102.00
85.50-102.50

2
1

6
3

11
10

23
22

15
13

*

11
10

1
1

-

9
9

*
2

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1
1

-

■

/ *»

2*6
28

See footnotes at end of tables.




*0
*0.0

89.50

30

-

“

-

-

_

1
1

15
15

-

5
3

19

6*
11

22

1*

*

25
25

25

9

-

-

-

_
-

1

-

-

-

*

5
-

-

-

_
-

3

7
2
5

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

9
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., M a y 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

N u m b e r of V w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
t

$

*

$

*

t

i

%

*

$

t

t

t

t

*

*

t

*

t

t

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

80

Sex, occupation, and industry division

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2

1

“

*

*

1

2

7
7

-

2
2

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

*

1

-

8
8

3

16
16

-

-

“

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

Under
^
*
and
75
under

HEN

A

27

39.5

$
133.00

$
160.50

$
$
130.00-166.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONHANUFACTURING

CLASS B
----------

36
29

39.5
39.5

106.50
103.00

109.00
107.50

89.50-122.50
82.50-119.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS C
----------

36
31

60.0
60.0

97.50
98.00

100.00
100.50

91.50-103.00
91.00-103.00

COHPUTER

OPERATORS,

CLASS

2
2

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

58
56

60.0
60.0

167.00
168.00

161.50
162.00

156.50-177.50
157.00-178.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

36
32

60.0
60.0

165.00
167.00

139.50
162.50

130.00-166.00
130.50-169.00

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

A -------------------------

61
59

60.0
60.0

165.50
165.50

165.00
171.50

B -------------------------

60
58

60.0
60.0

139.50
139.50

160.00
160.50

127.50-150.00
127.50-150.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

C -------------------------

106
102

60.0
60.0

112.00
112.00

112.00
112.00

95.00-128.00
96.50-128.50

-

6
6

9
9

12
12

15
15

3
1

6

10

6

“

“

“

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

*

-

3
2

*

*

*

“

-

-

*

-

1

“

1
1

1
1

6
6

5
2

17
17

13
13

7
6

2
2

3
3

1
l

1
1

6
6

6
6

9
8

5
5

2
2

2
2

6
6

1
1

_

_

-

21
21

2
2

2
*

3
3

17
17

166.00-183.50
166.00-186.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

1
8

6
6

“

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

See footnotes at end of tables.




_
-

1
1

_

1
-

_

_
_

-

_

_

*

1
1

*

-

-

-

6
6

-

_

-

-

6
6

-

-

6
6

13
11

15
15

3
3

3
3

4

-

-

-

6

6
6

-

-

3
3

-

*

-

*

*

-

19
19

10
8

10
10

10
10

3
3

3
3

3
3

3
3

-

_

-

-

-

10

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r se le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s st u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , S a n A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1 9 71 )
Average

Average
O c c u p a t io n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

37

*0 .0

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------

35

83

*0 .0
*0 .0

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -------------------

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

O F F IC E

O C C U P A T IO N S

B I L L E R S . M A C H IN E ( B I L L I N G
M A C H IN E I ------------------------------

■r
o
o

O F F IC E

Numb e r
of
workers

64

O C C U P A T IO N S -

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

C O N T IN U E D

A ve rage

O c c u p a t io n a nd i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

O F F IC E

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

Numb er
of

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekl y
earnings 1
(standard)

C O N T IN U E D

$
8 0 .5 0

K EY P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

257
*5
212

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

$
8 2 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

157

* 0 .0

*7

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B O Y S AND G I R L S I N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

1 *7
1 *0

*0 .0
*0 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------

87

8 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

637
1 *9
*88
87

*0 .0
*0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 *.5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

62
26
36

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O C C U P A T IO N S

110

$
8 5 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0

257
2 *7
29

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

* 0 .0

9 1 .0 0

30

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .5 0

26

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0

78

72

9 3 .0 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

289
56
233
51

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ----------

303
72
231
50

*0 .0
*0 .0
3 9 .5
*0 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 *.0 0
9 3 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

1 *5
56
89

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

CO M PU TER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

68

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

A

26

3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLERKS, F IL E , C LASS B
N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -

82

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

*0 .0
*0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

C O M PU TER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C ------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

*3
38

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

75

*0 .0
*0 .0

18 2
37
1 *5

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

155
1 *5

*0 .0
*0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

2 *8
30
218

3 9 .5
*0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

COM PU TER P R O G R A M E R S*
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------

66
62

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

C L E R K S , OR DER ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

196

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------- —
N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

255
*5
210

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

8 7 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

CO M PU TER P R O G R A M E R S,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C ------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------

38
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 *5 .0 0
1 *6 .5 0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -----M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G

119

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N IO R ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

1 *3
27
116

*0 .0
*0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 *.0 0

DR AFTSM EN , C L A S S
M A N U FA C T U R IN G

A -----------------------------------------------------------------

61
59

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0

71
131
32
99

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

1 0 *.5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

C L A S S A -------

38

*0 .0

9 3 .0 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

65
59

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 *0 .0 0

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

105
10*

*0 .0
*0 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------- ----------

116

* 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

112

* 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

K EY P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G

*8

A

S e e fo o tn o te s at e n d o f t a b le s




38

158

CLASS C
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ,

CO M PU TER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

1 0 5 .0 0

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., May 1971)

Middle range 2

and
under
*. 20 *.*0 *.60 *.80

o
o

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3. 20 ?.*0

o
o

M edian2

o

Mean 2

0
0

workers

w
a

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
t
S
*
S
»
$
t
*
S
*
t
*
S
%
t
S
t
t
*
*
*
*
S
1.60 1.70
.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.*0 2.60 2.80 3. 00 3.20 3.*0 3.60 3.80 *. 00 *.20 *.A0 *.60 *.80 5.00 5.20 5. *0

o

Hourly earnings3

5.20 5. *0 5.60

MEN
---------------

*1

$
3.0*

$
2.95

$
$
2.76- 3.26

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

57
35

3.88
*.08

3.*9
*.23

3.15- A.*9
3.2*- 5.18

-

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

68
38

3.81
3.83

3.76
3.80

3.26- *.3*
3.69- *.15

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

121
91
30

2.81
2.83
2.77

2.92
2.91
2.9*

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g
-------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- --- —
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

120
51
69
52

3.68
3.02
*.17
*.5*

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

1 AO
132
31
27

CARPENTERS,

PAINTERS,

MAINTENANCE

M A I N T E N A N C E --------------- -—

N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------




1

8

11
1

*
*

8

-

1
1

1
1

8
8
*

1
1
“

3
2
1

-

18
10
8

1*
1*

"

-

-

*

-

_

-

-

_

_

*

*

-

-

-

“

-

*

2.06- 3.08
1.98- 3.08
2.18- 3.2*

3
3

13
13
“
“

5
*
1

5
*
1

7
6
1

10
*
6

3.35
2.82
*.09
5.02

2.78- 5.03
2.65- 2 . 9 6
3.38- 5.05
*.02- 5.07

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.60
3.61

3.25
3.25

3.13- *.00
3.1*- 3.98

-

-

_

3.01
2.90

3.11
2.89

2.65- 3.19
2.65- 3.17

-

_

_

_

'

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

See footnotes at end of tables.

11

1
1

“

*

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A -5 .

13

2

*
*

*

-

_
-

-

_

1
1

_

-

-

'

'

'

-

1
*

•

-

7

1
1

16
1

*
*

12
12

6
6

3
3

22
12
10

18
16
2

6
6

2
2

-

-

-

25
19
6
6

_

5
1

*

2
2

7

-

“

-

1*
13

*

.
-

**
**

11
11

1
1

11
10

2
2

10
10

1
1

7

6
6
*

-

7
3

6
3

9
9

-

-

“

*

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

-

•

-

1
1

5
*

11

-

7

-

7

•*

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

35
6
29
29

2
2
2

1

3

6

3

3
3

6
6

*

*

2
2
2

1*
1*

*
*

12
11

6
6

3

-

-

-

25
25

“

-

*

-

2
2

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
6

-

-

-

1
1

1 2

T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., May 1971)
Hourly earnings^

M u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
*
1.70

$
1.80

*
1.90

t
2.00

t
2 .10

s
2.20

*
2.30

2. A 0

$
2.53

2.60

t
2 .70

S
2.80

*
3 .00

»
3.20

t
3 . A0

s
3.60

$
3.80

*
A . 00

$
A . 20

$
A. A 0

*
A . 60

t
A . 80

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2 .20

2.30

2 . A0

2 .50

2.63

2.70

2 .80 .3.00

3 .20

3 . A0

3.60

3.80

A . 00

A . 20

A. A 0

A . 60

A . 80

5.00

97
8
89

A9

28

2A

27

25

-

-

-

-

7

9
8

-

-

*

20
-

5

-

22
3

66
13
53

18

t

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

MEN

-

of
workers

1.60
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

%

t

and
under

CONTINUED

1.A92

$
1.79

$
1.68

$
1.6A-

$
1.90

885

1A1

92

39

60

1.2A2
28

1.73
2.30

1.67
2.20

1.6A1.91-

1.76
2.56

87A
3

95
-

5A
A

22
3

37
A

779
2 AA
535

2.09
2.21
2.03

2.01
2.20
1.98

1.82-

2.35
2.19

109
38
71

67
12
55

95
19
76

108
21
87

120
20
100

28
13
15

51
37
1A

13

1.81-

519
59
ABO

2.00
2.3A

2.02
2.29

1.722.18-

2.19
2.67

116

81

38

15

57

77

37

1A

57

30
13
17

13

116

83
11
72

2.06
2.12
1.85

2.01
2.09
1.8A

16

16
8
8

21

2.36
2.07

28
18
10

30

1.881.72-

25
16

13

H A N U F A C T U R ING — — — — — — — — — —— —— —— — — —
N U N M A N U I - A L 1U K l N b — — — — — — — — — — —

19A
150
AA

15
15

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

96
57
39

2.37
2.38
2.36

2.51
2.5 A
2.35

2.012.021.99-

2.78
2.82
2.75

3
3

7
7
“

8
8

2
1
1

-

-------

35

2.A6

2.35

2.32-

2.39

-

-

-

A

-

-

-

26

-

-

-

-

1

TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------------------- -—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ----------------

1,870
A92
1,378
510

2.92
2. A3
3.09
A. AA

2.A9
2.33
2.58
A . 83

2.072.232.01A . 57-

A . 10
2.A5
A . 81
A . 87

151
151

58
3
55

129
13
116

33
21
12

132
35
97

7A
2A
50

116
96
20

217
170
A7

29
15
1A

181
1A
167

26
26

30
12
18

196
53
1 A3

2.01
2.58
1.80

1.86
2.2A
1.81

1.701.931.67-

2.06
2.70
1.92

51
51

A
A
*

3
3

933
205
728
31A

2.91
2. A3
3.0A
A . 31

2.35
2.33
2.38
A. 81

2.0A2.221.90A.53-

A . 53
2.75
A . 80
A . 86

630
123
507

3.23
2.22
3.53

2.72
2.28
3.31

2.502.192.56-

A . 81
2.35
A . 83

A
A

12
12

16
-

-

16

*

2A
2A
"

*

2A5
101

2.27
2.33

2.19
2.26

2.012.11-

2.60
2.56

21
17

21
A

1A
-

A
-

18
3

*

*

1.69

A39
A39

37
32

13
13

A

3

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

----

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------LABORERS,

MATERIAL

HANDLING

NONMANUFACTURING
ORDER

----------

---------------------

FILLERS

SHIPPING

AND

RECEIVING

CLERKS

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T IU N D E R
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ----------------------- -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- — -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------T R UC KD RI VE RS , M E DI UM 11-1/2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) — ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ------------ —

T R UC KD RI VE RS , HE AV Y (OVER A TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) --------------------- ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ — -------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ----- T R U C K E R S , P O K E R ( F O R K L I F T ) --- ---- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ------- ---- *---

8

%
A
2
2

3
20
3
17

19
11
8

18
6
12

21
6
15

1
1

10
8
2

15
15
-

87
82

65
16
A9

67
50
17

96

26

66

26

62

13
12
1

3
1
2

2

1

1
-

2
2

1
1

*

*

29
18
11

6

A5

7

15

2

-

-

3

1

7

15

2

A2

18

8

3
-

28
13

13
12
1

5
1
A

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

A

-

6A
37
27

39
17
22

78
A
7A

30
19
11

9
9

A
A

2A
2A

2
1
1

l
1

1

-

-

-

-

1

*

*

*

~

12
12
*

31

29
16
13

1

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

See footnotes at end of tables




----

A97
A89

1.6A

1.66

5
1
A

1
1

15
13
5

6
6
“

6
6

~

83

25

27

15

A3
cry

1A

19

15

39
38
1

A8
A8
“

-

A8
12

26
2A

11
7

7
5

_

_

_

8
8

-

-

-

“

"

1J

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

”

*

-

-

-

-

12
12
-

70
-

-

36A
36 A

15
12
3

7

16

8

5

A

-

12

8

5

A

-

61
61

A
1
3

151
3
1A8

11
11

15

19

15

19

9
1
8

15
7

20
1A

21
21

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

.

1

_

A
A

-

1

“

70
70

-

-

70
ru

“

*

70
-

0

*

1.63-

-

-

in

WOMEN

JANITORS,

-

-

cry

1

A7
9
38

96

7

10
1
-

183
-

183

103

2A
2A

-

-

-

“

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

181
181

13
B .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t

Table B-1.

p r a c t i c e s

a n d

s u p p l e m e n t a r y

w a g e

p r o v i s i o n s

Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers

(D istribution o f establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry division s by m inimum entrance sala ry fo r selected categories
o f inexperienced women office w ork ers, San Antonio, T ex. , May 1971)
Other inexperienced cle rica l workers 5

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la ry 4

All
industries

Based on standard weekly h ou rs6 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

Establishm ents studied_________________________________

127

E stablishm ents having a s p ecified m inim um _______________

All
schedules

40

42

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly h o u rs6 o f—
All
schedules

40

40

All
schedules

40

XXX

85

XXX

127

42

XXX

85

XXX

24

5

5

19

19

56

20

20

36

32

under $62. 50_________________________________
under $65. 00_________________________________
under $67. 50_________________________________
under $70. 00_________________________________
under $72. 50_________________________________
under $75. 00_________________________________
under $77 .50 _________________________________
under $80. 00_________________________________
under $82. 50_________________________________
o v e r .. ___ _______________________________ ' .

_
12
1
1
4
2
1

_
3
1

_
3
1

_
9
_
1
3
2
1

_
9
_
1
3
2

3
24
6
7
6
2
3
1
2
2

_
7
3
3
2

3
17
3
4
4

2
1
1
-

_
7
3
3
2
1
2
1
1
-

_
17
2
4
4
1
1
1
2

Establishm ents having no s p ecified m in im u m _____________

$60. 00
$62.50
$65. 00
$67. 50
$70. 00
$72. 50
$75. 00
$77. 50
$80. 00
$82. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

-

1

1
_

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

12
91

-

-

1

1
2

1

1

1
1
2

-

1
2

3

XXX

9

XXX

21

8

XXX

13

XXX

34

XXX

57

XXX

50

14

XXX

36

XXX

Establishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers

See footnotes at end o f tables.




14




Tab le B-2.

Shift differentials

(L a te-sh ift pay p rov ision s fo r m anufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount o f pay d ifferen tial,
San Antonio, T ex. , May 1971)

P ercen t o f manufacturing plant w ork ers—
In establishm ents having p rovision s 7
fo r late shifts

L a te-sh ift pay p rovision

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

T otal________________________________________

61. 7

32.9

10. 0

3. 5

No pay d ifferential fo r w ork on late s h ift---------

12. 7

11. 1

3. 5

2 .6

Pay d ifferential fo r w ork on late s h ift--------------

49. 0

21. 8

6. 5

1. 0

__

46. 3

21. 8

6. 1

1. 0

5 cents
6 c e n ts _________________________________
10 cen ts________________________________
13Vs c e n ts ---------------------------------------------143 4 cents . ----------- ---------------------------/
1S cents
20 cen ts________________________________
263 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------/4

9 .0
4. 5
21. 1
1.4
3. 0
3. 7
3. 6
-

1.9
7. 7
3. 0
7. 9
1.4

. 1
.8
3. 7
.5
.6
.2
.4
-

_
.5
.3
_
.2

Type and amount o f differential:
U niform cents (per hour)_____________

U niform p e rce n ta g e ----------------------------------

2. 7

-

.4

-

6 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------

2. 7

”

.4

”

See footnote at end of tables.

15

Table B -3.

Scheduled weekly hours

(P ercen t distribution o f plant and o ffic e w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by scheduled w eekly hours
o f fir s t-s h ift w o rk e rs , San A ntonio, T ex. , May 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice workers

W eekly hours
A ll industries

Manufacturing

A ll w ork ers ---------------------------------------------------

100

100

Under 37V2 hou rs________________________________
3 7 V2 hou rs_______________________________________
38 h o u rs --------------------------------------------------------------383 h ou rs------------------------------------------------------------/<
40 h o u rs — _____________________ _______________
Over 40 and under 45 hou rs-------------------------------45 h o u rs _________________________________________
48 h o u r s _____ ___________________ ________ —
Over 48 hou rs------------------------------------------------------

3
4




P ublic utilities

100

4

-

-

-

-

78
3
4
3
5

89
2
3
1

95
4
1

A ll industries

Manufacturing

100

100

3
4
1
88
2
1
1

99
1
-

-

P ublic utilities

100

5
95
-

16

Table B-4.

Paid holidays

(P ercen t distribution o f plant and o ffic e w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by number o f paid holidays
provided annually, San A ntonio, T ex. , May 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice w orkers

Item
A ll industries

A ll w ork ers _________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid a y s __________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

84

93

98

99

99

100

16

7

2

1

1

-

Num ber o f days
Under 3 h o lid a y s ________________________________
3 h o lid a y s ___-__ __ _______ ___________ ________ ___
4 holidays — _____ _____________________________
5 h o lid a y s ________________ ______________________
5 holidays plus 1 half day_____________
5 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _____________________
6 h o lid a y s _____________________________________ _
6 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _____________________
7 h o lid a y s ____________ _________________ _______ _
7 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _____________________
8 h olid a y s _______________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day_________ _______ ___
9 holidays . _____________________________________
10 holidays_______________________________________
10 holidays plus 3 half days_____________________
12 holidays------------------------------------------------------------

5
2
2
30
5
1
9
1
6
10
-

2
5
3
4
-

_
-

2
37
2
2

15
2
3
13
4
2
-

9

_
1
15
6
2
-

33
37
5

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

-

1
1
1
5
7
14
14
30
30
41
46
76
77
79
82
82
84

4
4
4
13
13
18
18
34
36
53
54
91
93
93
93
93
93

5
41
74
74
76
76
82
82
97
98
98
98
98
98

1

-

_
_

2

2

13
9
1
18
8
2
9
17
1
6
6
5
( !)
( !)
(9)

32
7
1
9
3
2
16
1
-

22

_
_
3

4

-

12

-

20

60
(9)

-

3
2

-

Total holiday tim e 10
12 days___________________________________________
11 ]/z days or m o r e ______________________________
10 days or m o re _________________________________
9 days or m o r e __________________________________
8 V2 days or m o re __________________________ ____
8 days o r m o r e __________________________________
7 V2 days or m o re ------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e __________________________________
6 V days or m o re ________________________________
2
6 days or m o r e _______________________ ___ __ ____
5 V days or m o re ________________________________
2
5 days or m o r e __________ _____ __________ ______
4 days o r m o r e ______________ _____ _______ ____ _
3 days o r m o r e _______________________________ 2 days o r m o r e _________________________________
IV2 days or m o re ________________________________
1 day or m o re _____________________ __ ______ -

See footnotes at end o f tables.




(9)
1
1

6
12
19
36
47
55
74
83
97
98
98
98
99
99

2
5
5
27
27
28
28
45
48
58
65
97
99
99
99
99
99

_
(9)
61
81
81
92
92
97
97
100
100
100
100
100
100

17

Table B-5.

Paid vacations

.(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry d ivision s by vacation pay p ro v isio n s, San Antonio, T ex., May 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice workers

V acation p olicy
A ll industries

A ll w ork ers_________________________________

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

93
92

95
93

100
100

99
99

1

100
100
“

2

-

-

99
99
-

7

5

"

1

1

~

1
10
1
-

3
7
1
-

_
47
-

( 9)
15
7
( 9)

2
17
10
2

66
-

79
13
-

82
13
-

90
-

39
43
17

62
37
*

95
5
-

45
4
43
-

45
4
46
-

34
2
64
-

16
( 9)
66
17

25
1
72
“

13
(9)
87
“

30

8
2
89
-

7
(9)
74
18
( 9)

13
1
84

1
(9)
99

1

30
4
62
-

"

"

30
1
57
3
1

28
4
64
-

8
2
89
-

7
(9)
74
18
(9)

12
1
86
-

1
(9)
99
-

11
(9)
67
3
11

2
81
12

3
2
88
6

2
( 9)
71
18
8

77
21

(9)
96
4

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations_________________________________
L en g th -of-tim e paym ent____________________
Percentage payment_________________________
Other ______________________ _______________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations----------------------------------------------Amount of vacation pay 1
1
A fter 6 months of se rv ice
Under 1 week_______________ ___________________
1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
A fter 1 year of serv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s- ------ ----------------------

1
0

A fter 2 yea rs of serv ice
1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
A fter 3 yea rs of serv ice
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s---------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s. . ___________ _____
3 w e e k s __________________________________________

1
56
3

A fter 4 years of se rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks -------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________
A fter 5 years of s e rv ice

1 week------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 weeks ________________________________________

See footnotes at end o f tables.




18

Table B-5.

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry d ivision s by vacation pay p ro v isio n s, San Antonio, T e x ., May 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice w orkers

Vacation p olicy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

11
47
(9)
31
(9)
4

2
59
30
4

3
12
2
82
-

2
45
20
29
2
1

56
41
2

11
45
( 9)
33
(9)
4

2
54
36
4

3
12
2
82
-

2
42
21
30
2
1

48
49
2

11
33
41
(9)
6
1

2
32
55
3
4

3
12
71
14
-

2
26
47
19
5
( 9)

_

_

31
60
6
2

7
88
5
-

11
28
35
(9)
15
1
1
1

2
29
49
9
3
4

3
12
11
66
2
5
-

2
24
29
2
22
17
1
( 9)

_
29
44
21
4
2

_
7
9
83

11
28
33
15
1
3
3

2
27
50
10
6

3
12
11
29
2
37
5

2
24
25
22
17
7
1

27
45
22
2
4

_
7
9
23
( 9)
60
( 9)

11
28
33
15
1
3
2
1

2
27
50
10

3
12
11
29
2
37
5
“

2
24
25
22
17
7
( 9)

_
27
45
22

_
7
9
23
( 9)
60
(9)
“

P ublic utilities

Amount of vacation pay 11----Continued
After 10 yea rs of se rv ice
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

7
(9)
93
-

A fter 12 yea rs of s e rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks ________________________________________

_

_

7
( 9)
93
-

A fter 15 yea rs of se rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________
5 w eek s __________________________________________
A fter 20 years of se rv ice
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s __________________________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s______________________
5 w e e k s __________________________________________
6 w eek s __________________________________________

( 9)

A fter 25 years of s e rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s __________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s ______________________
5 w e e k s __________________________________________
6 w eek s __________________________________________
M aximum vacation available*
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
4 w eek s__________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w eek s __________________________________________
6 w eek s _______________________________________ Over 6 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------

* E stim ates of p rov ision s fo r 30 yea rs of s e rv ice are identical.


See footnotes at


end of tables.

-

4
3

n

-

2
2
2

19

Table B-6.

Health, insurance, and pension plans

(P ercen t o f plant and o ffice w orkers in all industries and in industry division s em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, o r pension b en efits, San Antonio, T e x ., May 1971)
Plant w orkers
Type o f benefit and
financing 1
2

A ll industries

Manufacturing

O ffice workers
p u b lic utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

A ll w ork ers________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing at
lea st 1 o f the benefits shown b e lo w ----------------

90

95

100

99

98

100

L ife in su ra n ce______________________________
N oncontributory p la n s ----------------------------A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance_____ ___-_____________ _________
N oncontributory p la n s ----------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
s ick leave o r both 13_______________________

83
38

95
52

95
82

95
67

96
61

99
94

58
23

67
40

93
39

74
48

59
43

96
29

58

66

73

75

82

97

Sickness and accident insurance------------N oncontributory p la n s ________________
S ick leave (full pay and no
waiting p e rio d )_________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod) •---- ---------------------------

31
17

35
32

26
18

21
14

28
27

19
13

24

28

15

51

59

22

13

8

44

1
0

3

61

86

94
46
94
46

100

97
36
97
36
96
36
93
31
4

95
49
95
49
90
47

100

6

1
1
1
1

78
58

64
47

83
77

H ospitalization insurance___________________
N oncontributory p la n s ___________________
Surgical insurance---------------------------------------N oncontributory p la n s ----------------------------M edical in su ra n ce __________________________
N oncontributory p la n s ----------------------------M ajor m ed ical insurance —
-------— ------------ —
N oncontributory p la n s ----------------------------Dental in su ra n ce____________________________
N oncontributory p la n s ___________________
R etirem ent pension_________________________
N oncontributory p la n s -----------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.




32

86
32
82
30
80
28

1

(’ )
52
30

86

44
83
36

1

-

55
33

85

100
85
99
85
94
85
7
7
63
50

2

88
34
16

94

100
94

100
94
99
94

2 0

Footnotes

A l l o f t h e s e s ta n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p ly to t h is b u lle t in .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th an th e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th an th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h ift s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d
w ork w eek s.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c lu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s .
8
L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to t a l
o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a nd 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s th e n
w e r e c u m u la t e d .
11 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t im a t e s l i s t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
13 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The p rim ary purpose o f preparing job descrip tion s fo r the B ureau's wage surveys is to a ss ist its fie ld staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate
occupations w ork ers who are em ployed under a va riety of p a yro ll titles and d ifferent w ork arrangem ents fro m establishm ent to establishm ent and
from area to area. This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content. B ecause of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com p arability of occupational content, the B ureau's job d escrip tion s m ay d iffer significantly fro m those in use in
individual establishm ents or those p rep a red fo r other p urposes. In applying these job d e scrip tio n s, the B ureau's field econ om ists are instructed
to exclude working s u p erv isors; a pprentices; le a rn e rs ; b eginn ers; tra in ees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p orary, and probationary w ork ers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLER , MACHINE
P rep a res statements, b ills , and in voices on a m achine other than an ordinary or e le c tr o m atic typew riter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges o r p e rfo rm other
cle r ic a l w ork incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
cla ss ifie d by type of m achine, as follow s:
B ille r, m achine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing m achine (M oon Hopkins, E lliott
F ish er, B urroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding m achines) to p rep a re b ills
and inv oices fro m cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs , internally p rep a red o rd e rs , shipping m e m o ­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of p redeterm ined discounts and shipping ch arges,
and entry of n e ce ss a ry extensions, which m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon cop ies of the b ill being p repared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.
B ille r, m achine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (Sundstrand, E lliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which m ay or m ay not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' b ills as part of the accounts receiva ble operation. G en erally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The m achine autom atically accum ulates
figu res on a number o f v e r tica l colum ns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit o r cred it balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping. W orks fro m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish er, Sundstrand, B urroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a re c o rd of business
transactions.
C lass A . Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experien ce in b a sic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia rity with the structure of the p a rticular accounting system
used. D eterm ines p rop er record s and distribution of debit and cre d it item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s
by hand.
C lass B . Keeps a re c o rd of one o r m ore phases or sections of a set of re co rd s usually
requiring little knowledge of b a sic bookkeeping. Phases or section s include accounts payable,
p a yroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d e scrib e d under b ille r ,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory co n tro l, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of tria l balances and p rep are con trol sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
P e rfo r m s one o r m ore accounting cle r ic a l tasks such as posting to re g iste rs and led gers;
recon cilin g bank accounts; verifying the internal con sisten cy, com p leten ess, and m athem atical
accu ra cy of accounting docum ents; assigning p re s crib e d accounting distribution co d e s ; examining
and verifying fo r c le r ic a l a ccu ra cy various types of rep orts, lis ts , calculation s, posting, e tc.;
o r preparing sim ple or assisting in preparing m ore com p licated journal vou chers. May w ork
in either a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork req u ires a knowledge of c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffice p ra ctice s and p roced u res
which relates to the c le r ic a l p roces s in g and record in g of transactions and accounting inform ation.
With exp erien ce, the w orker typ ica lly b ecom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and p roced u res used in the assigned w ork, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form a l
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

P osition s are c la ss ifie d into levels on the basis of the follow ing definitions.
C lass A . Under general supervision, p e rfo rm s accounting cle r ic a l operations which
require the application of experien ce and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p ro ce ssin g c o m ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial va riety of
p re s crib e d accounting codes and cla ss ifica tio n s , o r tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determ ine sou rce of d iscrep a n cies. May be a ssiste d b y one or m ore
cla ss B accounting clerk s.
C lass B . Under clo s e supervision, follow ing detailed instructions and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m ore routine accounting c le r ic a l operation s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , ca rd s, o r w orksheets where identification o f item s and location s o f postings are
cle a rly indicated; checking a ccu ra cy and com pleten ess of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p re s crib e d accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number of va ried subject m atter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, rep orts, technical d ocu ­
m ents, etc. May a lso file this m aterial. May keep re c o rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a sm all group of low er le v e l file cle rk s.
C lass B . S orts, co d e s , and file s un classified m ateria l by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings o r p a rtly cla ss ifie d m ateria l by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, loca tes cle a rly identified m aterial in file s and forw ards
m aterial.
May p e rfo rm related c le r ic a l tasks required to maintain and s e rv ice file s.
C lass C . P e rfo r m s routine filing of m ateria l that has already been cla ss ifie d or which
is e a sily cla ss ifie d in a sim ple se ria l cla ssifica tio n system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
o r nu m erical). A s requested, loca tes read ily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P e rfo r m s sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and s e rv ice file s.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m e rs' ord e rs tor m ateria l o r m erchandise by m ail, phone, o r p ersonally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow ing: Quoting p rice s to cu stom ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet listing the item s to make up the o rd e r; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distributing o rd e r sheets to resp ectiv e departments to be filled . May ch eck with credit
department to determ ine cre d it rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t o f ord e rs fro m cu stom ers,
follow up o rd ers to see that they have been fille d , keep file of ord e rs re ce iv e d , and check shipping
in voices with orig in al o rd e rs.
CLERK, PA YR O LL
Computes wages of com pany em ployees and enters the n e ce ss a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w o r k e rs ' earnings based on tim e o r production r e c o rd s ; and
posting calculated data on p a yro ll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o r k e r's nam e, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collectin g data fo r o ile rs and plum bers.

21

22
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

P rim a ry duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to p erform m athem atical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical o r other type of clerk , which m ay involve f r e ­
quent use of a C om ptom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to perform a n ce of
othe r dutie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch m achine to re c o rd
tabulating cards o r on tape.

a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 100 but few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or

or v e r ify alphabetic a n d /or nu m eric data on

P osition s are cla ss ifie d into levels on the basis of the follow ing definitions.
Class A . W ork requires the application of experien ce and judgment in selecting p r o c e ­
dures to be follow ed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a va riety of sou rce docum ents. On o cca sio n m ay also p e rfo rm som e routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch op erators.
C lass B . W ork is routine and repetitive. Under clo s e supervision or follow ing s p e cific
proced u res o r instructions, w orks from various standardized sou rce documents which have
been coded, and follow s sp ecified p roced u res which have been p re s crib e d in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be record ed . R efers to su p ervisor
p roblem s arising from erroneous item s o r codes or m issin g inform ation.
MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)
P e rfo r m s various routine duties such as running erran ds, operating m inor o ffice m a ­
chines such as sealers o r m a ilers , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle r ic a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor veh icle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal s e cre ta ry , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a clo s e and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y -to-d a y w ork activities of the su p ervisor. W orks fa ir ly inde­
pendently receiving a m inimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P e rfo r m s varied c le r ic a l
and s e cre ta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
p ersonal c a lle r s , and incom ing m ail, answers routine in q u iries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the p rop er p erson s; (b) esta b lish es, m aintains, and rev ise s the su p e rv is o r's file s ; (c) maintains
the su p e rv is o r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages fro m sup er­
v is o r to subordinates; (e) review s corresp on d en ce, m em orandum s, and rep orts p repared by others
fo r the s u p e rv is o r's signature to a ssure p roced u ra l and typographic accu ra cy; and (f) p e rfo rm s
stenographic and typing work.
May also p erform other c le r ic a l and s e cre ta ria l tasks o f com parable nature and difficulty.
The w ork typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p rog ra m s, and p roced u res related to the w ork of the sup ervisor.
E xclusions
Not all positions that are titled " s e c r e ta r y " p o ss e s s the above ch a ra cte ristics. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follo w s: (a) P osition s which do not m eet
the "p erson a l" s ecreta ry concept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in se cre ta ria l
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as o ffice assistants to a group of p ro fe ssio n a l, technical,
o r m anagerial p erson s; (d) s e cre ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com p lex and resp on sib le than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore d ifficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, su p ervisory , o r s p ecia lized c le r ic a l duties which are not typical o f s e cre ta ria l work.
NOTE: The term "co rp o ra te o f f i c e r ," used in the le ve l definitions follow ing, re fe rs to
those officia ls who have a significant corp ora te-w id e policym aking ro le with regard to m ajor
com pany activities. The title " v ic e p re s id e n t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in all ca ses identify such positions. V ice presiden ts whose p rim ary resp on sib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny individual loan or cred it action s;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a cle r ic a l staff) are not con sid ered to be
"co rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes of applying the follow ing le ve l definition s.
C lass A
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board o r president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp orate o ffic e r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a com pany that em p loy s, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25,000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segm ent or subsidiary of a com pany that em p loys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rs o n s .




C lass B

c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the o ffic e r level) over either' a m ajor
corp orate-w id e functional activity (e .g ., m arketing, re se a rch , op eration s, industrial re la tions, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segm ent (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
a m a jo r division) of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000
e m p loy ees; or
d. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, o v e r 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
e. S ecreta ry to the head of a la rge and important organizational segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
management su p ervisor o f an organizational segm ent often involving as many as severa l
hundred p ersons) of a com pany that em p loy s, in all, ov e r 25, 000 p e rs o n s .
C lass C
a. S ecreta ry to an executive or m anagerial p e rso n w hose resp on sib ility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e cific le ve l situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least severa l dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segm ents which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l includes
a wide range of organizational ech elon s; in oth ers, only one o r two; ^ r
b. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s .
C lass D
a. S ecreta ry to the su p ervisor o r head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 o r 30 p erson s); jar
b. S ecreta ry to a non supervisory staff s p e cia list, p rofession a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffic e r , o r assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than s e cre ta rie s as d e scrib e d above, to this level of su p ervisory or
non supervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary fro m one o r m ore
persons either in shorthand o r b y Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple r e c o rd s , o r p e rfo rm other relatively
routine cle r ic a l tasks. May operate fro m a stenographic p ool. D oes not include tra n scrib in gm achine w ork . (See tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e op era tors.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a va ried technical o r s p ecia lized vocabulary
such as in legal b rie fs or rep orts on scien tific re se a rch fro m one o r m ore p erson s either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep r e c o rd s , etc.
OR
P e rfo r m s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and re sp o n si­
b ility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: W ork req u ires high d egree of
stenographic speed and a ccu ra cy; and a thorough working knowledge o f gen eral busin ess and o ffice
p roced u res and of the s p e c ific business operation s, organization, p o lic ie s , p ro ce d u re s, file s ,
w orkflow , etc. U ses this knowledge in p erform in g stenographic duties and resp on sib le cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s ; assem bling m ateria l fo r re p o rts, m em orandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e w ork .
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates
outgoing, intraplant or
com p lex ca lls , such as
doing routine w ork as

a sin gle- o r
office ca lls.
con feren ce,
d e scrib e d

m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
P e rfo r m s full telephone inform ation s e rv ice o r handles
co lle ct, o v e rse a s , o r s im ila r ca lls , either in addition to
fo r switchboard op era tor, cla ss B, or as a fu ll-tim e

23
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine O perator)— Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR— Continued
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ice o ccu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p rob lem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for ca lls.)
C lass B . O perates a sin gle- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and re co rd tolls.
May p e rfo rm lim ited telephone inform ation s e rv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation se rv ice
occu rs if the functions of the establishm ent s e rv ice d are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation p u rp oses, o r if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
s p e c ific nam es are furnished, or if com p lex ca lls are re fe rr e d to another operator.)

C lass B . P e rfo r m s w ork a ccordin g to established p roced u res and under sp e cific in­
structions. A ssignm ents typ ically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g rep orts or parts
of la rg e r and m o re com p lex rep orts. Operates m o re d ifficult tabulating o r e le ctrica l a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler m achines
used by cla ss C op era tors. May be required to do som e wiring fro m d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in b a s ic m achine operations.
C lass C . Under sp e cific instructions, operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, co lla to r, etc. A ssignm ents
typ ically involve portions of a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May p e rfo rm sim ple w iring fro m diagram s, and do som e filing work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION IST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATO R, GENERAL

In addition to p erform in g duties o f op erator on a s in gle-p osition or m onitor-typ e sw itch­
b oard , acts as receptionist and m ay a lso type or p erform routine c le r ic a l w ork as part of regular
duties. This typing o r cle r ic a l w ork m ay take the m ajor part of this w o r k e r's tim e while at
switchboard.

P rim a ry duty is to tra n scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tra n scribin g-m achine re c o rd s. May also type fro m written cop y and do sim ple c le r ic a l work.
W orkers transcribin g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocab u la ry such as
lega l b rie fs o r rep orts on scien tific re s e a rch are not included. A w orker who takes dictation
in shorthand or b y Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is c la ss ifie d as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine Operator)
TYPIST
O perates one or a va riety of m achines such as the tabulator, ca lcu la tor, co lla to r, in te r­
p re te r, s o rte r, reproducing punch, etc. E xcluded from this definition are working su p ervisors.
A ls o excluded are op erators of electron ic digital com p uters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

U ses a typew riter to make cop ies of various m ateria l o r to make out b ills after ca lcu la ­
tions have been made by another p erson. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, o r sim ilar m ate­
ria ls fo r use in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . May do c le r ic a l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple r e c o rd s , filing re co rd s and re p o rts, o r sorting and distributing incom ing m ail.

P osition s are c la ss ifie d into levels on the b asis of the follow ing definitions.
C lass A . P e rfo r m s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
d ifficult con trol panel w iring under gen eral supervision. A ssignm ents typ ically involve a
va riety of long and com p lex rep orts which often are irre g u la r o r n on recurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use o f a va riety of m achines.
Is typ ically involved in training new' op era tors in m achine operations o r training low er level
op era tors in wiring from diagram s and in the operating sequences of long and com p lex reports.
Does not include positions in which wiring resp on sib ility is lim ited to selection and insertion
of p rew ired b oard s.

C lass A . P e rfo r m s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing m ateria l in final fo rm when
it involves com bining m aterial fro m se ve ra l sou rces o r resp on sib ility fo r c o r r e c t spelling,
syllabication , punctuation, e tc., of technical o r unusual w ords o r foreign language m ate­
ria l; and planning layout and typing o f com p licated statistical tables to maintain uniform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine fo rm letters varying details to suit circu m sta n ces.
C lass B . P e rfo r m s one or m ore of the follow ing; Copy typing fro m rough o r clea r
d rafts; routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o lic ie s , e tc.; and setting up sim ple standard
tabulations, o r copying m ore com p lex tables already setup and spaced p rop erly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and operates the con trol con sole o f a digital com puter to p ro ce s s data accordin g
to operating instructions, usually p repared b y a p rog ra m er. W ork includes m ost of the follow ing:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operation s; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, etc.); switches n e ce ss a ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating p rob lem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; review s e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe rs p roblem
to su p ervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating re co rd s. May test and a ss ist in correctin g
p rogram .
F or wage study p u rp oses, com puter operators are c la ss ifie d as fo llo w s:
C lass A . O perates independently, or under only general direction , a com puter running
p rogra m s with m ost of the follow ing ch a r a c te r is tic s: New p rog ra m s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of cr itic a l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
p rogra m s are of com p lex design so that identification o f e r r o r sou rce often requires a working
knowledge of the total p rog ra m , and alternate p rogram s m ay not be available. May give
d irection and guidance to low er lev el op erators.
C lass B . Operates independently, or under only general d irection , a com puter running
p rogram s with m ost o f the follow ing ch a ra cte ris tics: M ost of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a reg u la rly recu rrin g b a s is; there is little or no testing
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogra m s are p rovided in ca se origin al program needs
m ajor change o r cannot be c o r re cte d within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e rr o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes co r re ctiv e action. This usually involves applying p rev iou sly p r o ­
gram ed c o r re ctiv e steps, or using standard c o r re ctio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rog ra m s o r segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra cteristics d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher le v e l op erator by inde­
pendently perform ing le ss d ifficult tasks assigned, and perform ing d ifficult tasks follow ing
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations p erform ed .




C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo s e supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect p rob lem s involved in
running routine p rog ra m s. U sually has re ce iv e d som e fo rm a l training in com puter operation.
May a ss ist higher le ve l operator on com p lex p rogram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
C onverts statements of business p rob lem s, typ ically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the p roblem s by automatic data
p ro ce ssin g equipment. W orking fro m charts o r diagram s, the p rog ra m er develops the p re cis e
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation o f data to achieve d esired results. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: A pplies knowledge
of com puter ca p a bilities, m athem atics, lo gic em ployed by com puters, and p a rticular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the p rob lem to be program ed. D evelops sequence
of p rog ra m steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p ro ce s s e d ;
con verts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to follow ; tests and c o r r e c t s p rog ra m s;
p rep a res instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, rev iew s, and alters
p rog ra m s to in crease operating efficie n cy o r adapt to new requirem ents; maintains re co rd s of
p rogram developm ent and rev ision s. (NOTE: W orkers p erform in g both system s analysis and p r o ­
gram ing should be cla ss ifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp onsible fo r the management o r supervision of
other electron ic data p ro ce ssin g (EDP) em ployees, o r p rog ra m ers p rim a rily concerned with
scien tific a n d /o r engineering p rob lem s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, p ro g ra m e rs are cla ss ifie d as follow s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only general d irection on com p lex p rob lem s which
require com petence in all phases o f p rogram ing concepts and p ra ctice s. W orking fro m d ia ­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d e sired resu lts, m a jo r p ro ce ssin g steps to be
accom p lish ed , and the relationships between variou s steps of the p rob lem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficien tly utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

24
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
At this level, p rogram ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev era l in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iverse data elem ents.
A wide va riety and extensive number o f internal p roces s in g actions must o cc u r. This requires
such actions as developm ent of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operation s, adjustments to data when p rog ra m requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional d irection to low er level p rog ra m e rs who are assigned to a ssist.
C lass B . W orks independently o r under only general d irection on rela tively sim ple
p rog ra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents of com p lex p rog ra m s. P ro g ra m s (or segm ents) usually
p ro ce s s inform ation to produce data in two or three va ried sequences o r form a ts. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m in or additions to or
deletions from input data which are rea d ily available. W hile num erous re co rd s m ay be
p ro ce s s e d , the data have been refined in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine ch ecks. T yp ica lly, the p rogram deals with
routine record -k eep in g type operations.
OR
W orks on com p lex p rog ra m s (as d escrib ed fo r cla ss A) under clo s e d irection of a higher
level p rog ra m er or su p ervisor. May a ss ist higher lev e l p ro g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
form ing less d ifficult tasks assigned, and p erform in g m ore difficult tasks under fa irly clo se
d irection.
May guide or instruct low er lev el p rog ra m ers.
C lass C . Makes p ra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctice s and concepts usually
learned in form a l training co u rse s . A ssignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine p rob lem s. R eceives clo s e supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and w ork is review ed t o ,v e r ify its a ccu ra cy and con form an ce with
required p roced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes business p rob lem s to form ulate p roced u res fo r solving them by use of e lectron ic
data p rocessin g equipment. D evelops a com plete descrip tion o f all specification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter p rog ra m s. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing:
A nalyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and crite ria required
to achieve sa tisfa ctory resu lts; s p ecifies number and types of r e c o rd s , file s , and docum ents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail fo r
presentation to management and fo r p rogram ing (typ ica lly this involves preparation of w ork and
data flow ch arts); coordin ates the developm ent o f test p rob lem s and participates in tria l runs of
new and rev ised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes t o . obtain m ore effective o ve ra ll
operations. (NOTE; W orkers p erform in g both system s analysis and p rogram ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued
maintaining accounts receiv a ble in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing o r w h olesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p erson s con cern ed to determ ine
the data p ro ce ssin g p rob lem s and advises su b ject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a com p lex data p ro ce s s in g schem e or system , as d escrib ed fo r
cla ss A. W orks independently on routine assignm ents and re c e iv e s instruction and guidance
on com p lex assignm ents. W ork is review ed fo r a ccu ra cy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure p ro p e r alinement with the o v e r a ll system .
C lass C . W orks under im m ediate su pervision, ca rryin g out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experien ce
in the application of p roced u res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F o r exam ple,
m ay a ssist a higher le ve l system s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m e rs fro m inform ation developed by the higher le v e l analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com p lex item s having distinctive design
features that d iffer significantly fro m established drafting p receden ts. W orks in clo s e sup­
port with the design orig in ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details o f fo rm , function, and p ositional relationships of co m ­
ponents and p arts. W orks with a m inim um of s u p e rviso ry assista n ce. Com pleted w ork is
review ed by design origin ator fo r con sisten cy with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d ire ct their p reparation by low er le ve l draftsm en.
Class B . P e rfo r m s nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu la rly used. Duties typ ically in­
volve such work as: P re p a re s working drawings of subassem blies with irreg u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re cis e p ositional relationships between com ponents; p rep a res a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r con struction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n e ce ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load ca p a cities, strengths,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice fro m supervisor.
Com pleted w ork is checked fo r technical adequacy.
C lass C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, o r repair p u rp oses. Types of drawings p repared include iso m e tric p rojection s
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and section al view s to cla rify positioning of
com ponents and con vey needed inform ation. Consolidates details fro m a number of sou rces
and adjusts o r transposes sca le as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
preced en ts, and advice on sou rce m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le ss com plete when assignm ents re cu r. W ork m ay be sp ot-ch ecked during p rogres^ .
DRAFTSM AN-TRACE R
C opies plans and drawings p repared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen o r p encil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim a rily
consisting of straight lines and a la rge sca le not requiring clo s e delineation.)
A N D /OR

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp on sib le fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em p loyees, or system s analysts p rim a rily con cerned with
scien tific or engineering p roblem s.
F or wage study p u rp oses,

system s analysts are cla ss ifie d as follow s;

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general d irection on com p lex p roblem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com p lex because of diverse sou rces
of input data and m ultip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (F o r exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re c o rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p ro ce s s e d through the full system of re co rd s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) C onfers with persons co n ­
cerned to determ ine the data p roces s in g p rob lem s and advises su bject-m atter p ersonnel on
the im plications of new o r rev ised system s o f data p ro ce ssin g op erations. Makes re c o m ­
m endations, if needed, fo r approval o f m ajor system s installations or changes and fo r
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional d irection to low er le v e l system s analysts who are assigned to
a ssist.
C lass B . Works independently or under only general d irection on p rob lem s that are
rela tiv ely uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rog ra m , and operate. P ro b le m s are o f lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are hom ogeneous and the output data are c lo s e ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s fo r maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,




P re p a re s sim ple o r repetitive drawings of e a sily visu a lized item s. W ork is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss .
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
W orks on various types of e le ctro n ic equipment or system s by p erform in g one or m ore
of the follow ing operation s: M odifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. T hese operations
require the perform a n ce of m ost or all of the follow ing tasks: A ssem bling, testing, ad jus.; ng,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
W ork is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and p ra ctice of e le ctro n ics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized ele ctro n ic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement o f e le ctro n ic system s, subsystem s, and circu its having
a va riety of com ponent parts.
E le ctro n ic equipment o r system s worked on typ ica lly include one o r m o re of the follow ing:
Ground, v e h icle, or airborne radio com m unications system s, rela y system s, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar system s; radio and telev ision transm itting or record in g system s; e le c ­
tron ic com puters; m is s ile and spa cecra ft guidance and con trol system s; industrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating, and con trolling d e v ice s; etc.
(Exclude production a sse m b le rs and te ste rs , craftsm en , draftsm en, d e sig n ers, engineers,
and repairm en o f such standard e le ctro n ic equipment as o ffice m achines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

25
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered )— Continued

A reg istered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m ed ical d irection to ill or
injured em ployees o r other p ersons who becom e ill o r suffer an accident on the p re m ise s o f a
fa cto ry o r other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow in g: Giving firs t aid
to the ill o r injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em p loy ees' in ju ries; keeping record s

of patients treated; preparing accident rep orts fo r com pensation o r other p u rp oses; a ssisting in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em p loyees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rog ra m s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant environm ent,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P e rfo r m s the carpentry duties n e c e ss a r y to con struct and maintain in good repair building
w oodw ork and equipment such as b in s, cr ib s , cou nters, bench es, partitions, d o o rs , flo o rs , sta irs,
casin gs, and trim made of w ood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of w ork from blueprints, drawings, m od els, o r verba l instructions using a variety
of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable pow er tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials n e ce ssa ry
fo r the w ork. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance ca rpenter req u ires rounded training and
experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experience.

P rod u ces replacem ent parts and new parts in making rep a irs of m etal parts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of w ork; using a v a rie ty of m achinist's
handtools and p re cis io n m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard m achine to o ls;
shaping of m etal parts to clo s e to le ra n ce s; making standard shop com putations relating to dim en­
sions o f w ork, tooling, fe e d s, and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working p rop erties of
the com m on m eta ls; selecting standard m ateria ls, parts, and equipment req u ired fo r his w ork;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ra ctice usually acquired through a form a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e rfo r m s a variety o f e le ctrica l trade functions such as the installation, m aintenance,
or rep a ir of equipment fo r the generation, distribution, or utilization o f e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing; Installing o r repairing any of a va riety
of e le ctrica l equipment such as gen era tors, tra n sform ers, sw itchboards, co n tr o lle rs , circu it
b rea k ers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other tra n sm ission equipment; working
fro m blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other sp ecification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in
the e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to load requirem ents
of w iring o r e le ctrica l equipment; and using a va riety of e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring
and testing instrum ents. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance ele ctricia n requires rounded
training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experien ce.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, refrig era tion , o r a ir-conditioning. W ork in volves; Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s s o rs , gen era tors, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b o ile r s and b o ile r -fe d water pum ps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a r e c o r d o f operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also su­
p erv ise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ire s stationary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
o r steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand o r operates a m echanical stoker, or gas o r o il burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, o r a ssist in repairing b o ile rro o m equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing s p e cific
or gen eral duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
to o ls ; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as d irected by journeym an. The kind of w ork the
h elp er is perm itted to p erform v a ries from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is co n ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working a rea s; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform sp ecialized m achine operation s, o r parts of a trade that are
also p erform ed by w ork ers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of m achine to o ls, such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin d rica l or surface grin d ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the con struction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtu res, or dies. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Planning
and perform ing d ifficult machining operation s; p roces s in g item s requiring com p licated setups or
a high d egree of a ccu ra cy ; using a va riety of p re cis io n m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e ce ss a ry adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite toleran ces o r dim ensions. May be required to recogn ize when tools need
d ressin g , to d ress to o ls , and to select p rop er coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r
c r o ss -in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, m ach in e-tool op era tors, to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssification .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortru cks, and tra cto rs of an establishm ent. W ork in­
volves m ost of the follow in g: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing rep a irs that involve the use o f such handtools as w renches,
gages, d r ills , o r sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting p a rts; replacing broken or
defective parts fro m stock; grinding and adjusting va lves; reassem bling and installing the various
assem blies in the veh icle and making n e ce ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w h eels, adjusting brakes
and lights, o r tightening body bolts. In general, the w ork of the automotive m echanic requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery o r m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble;
dism antling o r partly dism antling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or d efective parts with item s obtained
fro m stock; orderin g the production of a replacem ent part by a m achine shop or sending of the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specification s fo r m ajor rep a irs
or fo r the production of parts o rd ered fro m m achine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n e c e ss a r y adjustments fo r operation. In general, the w ork of a maintenance m echanic requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and exp erien ce. E xcluded fro m this cla ssifica tio n are w orkers w hose p rim a ry duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines o r heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs m achines o r heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of the w ork; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety
of haridtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations relating to s tr e s s e s , strength of
m ateria ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good o rd e r pow er tra n sm ission
equipment such as d rives and speed re d u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw righ t's work norm a lly requires
a rounded training and experien ce in the trade acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w a lls, w oodw ork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. W ork involves
the follow ing: Knowledge o f surface p ecu lia rities and types o f paint required fo r different applica­
tions; preparing surface fo r painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in te rstice s; and applying paint with spray gun o r brush. May m ix c o lo r s , o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain p rop er c o lo r o r con sistency. In gen eral, the w ork of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs o r rep a irs w ater, steam , gas, o r other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing: Laying out of w ork and m easuring to locate
position o f pipe fro m drawings o r other written s p ecifica tion s; cutting various sizes o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with ch is e l and ham m er o r oxyacetylene torch o r pipe-cutting m achine; threading
pipe with stocks and d ie s; bending pipe b y hand-driven or p o w e r-d riv e n m achines; assem bling

26
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

P IPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE— Continued
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to
p re s su re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether fin ­
ished pipes m eet sp ecification s. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance p ipefitter requires
rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and exp erien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
S H EE T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b rica tes, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as m achine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo c k e r s , tanks, ven tila tors, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal maintenance w ork from blueprints, m od els, or other s p ecifica tion s; setting
up and operating all available types of sh eet-m eta l working m achines; using a va riety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sh eet-m eta l a rticle s
as required. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance sheet-m etal w ork er requires rounded
training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training
and experien ce.

(Die m aker; jig m ak er; to o l m aker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)
C onstructs and rep a irs m achine-shop to o ls, gages, jig s , fixtures o r dies fo r forgin gs,
punching, and other m eta l-form in g w ork. W ork involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and
laying out of w ork fro m m o d e ls, blueprints, drawings, or other ora l and w ritten specification s;
using a va riety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p re cis io n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p rop erties o f com m on m etals and a llo y s; setting up and operating of
m achine tools and related equipment; making n e ce ss a ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
o f w ork, speeds, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating o f m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required q u alities; working to clo s e toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling o f parts to p re s crib e d toleran ces and a llow an ces; and selecting appropriate
m a te ria ls, to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In gen eral, the to o l and die m a k e r's w ork req u ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and to o lro o m p ra ctice usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equivalent training and exp erien ce.
F o r c r o ss -in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, to o l and die m akers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded fro m this cla ssifica tio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P e rfo r m s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s o r fo r c e where n ecessa ry. Includes eatem en who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p rem ises period ica lly in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illeg a l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P rep a res m erchandise fo r shipment, or re ce iv e s and is resp onsible for incom ing ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m ateria ls. Shipping w ork in v olv es: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, rou tes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and
keeping a file of shipping r e c o rd s . May d irect or a ssist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving work in v olv es: V erifying or d irecting others in verifying the co rre ctn e ss of
shipments against bills of lading, in v oices, o r other r e c o rd s ; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n e ce s ­
sary re co rd s and file s.

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w ork ers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa ctory working areas and w ashroom s, or
p rem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow in g: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ice s ; and cleaning la va tories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re ­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , tru ck s, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m ateria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical re p a irs, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r -th e -ro a d d rivers are excluded
F o r wage study p u rp oses, tru ckd rivers are cla ss ifie d by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a c c o r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers' o rd e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep re co rd s of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

T ru ckd river (com bination of s iz e s listed separately)
T ru ck d river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ck d river, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
T ru ck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P rep a res finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tain ers, the s p ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, s ize , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various item s of stock in ord er to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using e x c e lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ackers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually con trolled ga solin e- or e le ctric-p o w e r e d truck or tra ctor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.
F or wage study purp oses, w orkers ape cla ss ifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
Trucker,
Trucker,

power
power

(forklift)
( o t h e r t h a n forklift)

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at n o c o s t w h i le s u p p lie s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilene, Tex.
A laska
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a , La.
A lp e n a , Standish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A m arillo, Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t la n t ic C it y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , G a.—S.C .
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , La.
B i l l i n g s , M ont.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e rm ., and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o lo ra d o Sp rings, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , Ga.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D oth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Min n.—W is .
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a s o , Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. Dak.—M inn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
Fitch bu rg— e o m in s t e r , M ass.
L
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —O kla .
F r e d e r i c k r - H a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n S a l e m — ig h P o i n t , N .C .
W
H
H arrisburg, Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n ts v ille , A la .

C opies of public re le a s e s

K n o x v i l l e , T e n n.
L aredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , Nev.
L e x in g t o n , Ky.
L o w e r E a stern Shore, M d .-V a .
L y n c h b u r g , Va.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , M ic h .
M erid ian, M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u th , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , Ala .
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n.
N e w L o n d o r r -G r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n tu r a , C a lif .
V
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P i n e B lu ff , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H.—M a in e — a s s .
M
P u eblo, C olo.
R e n o , Nev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
Salin a, K a ns .
Salinas—M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p ring field— h ico p e e — olyoke, M a ss.—
C
H
Con n.
S t o ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash .
T o p e k a , K a ns .
Tucson, A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a llejo—
Napa, C a lif.
W ichita F a lls , Tex.
W il m in g t o n , D e l.—N .J .—Md.

T h e e le v e n t h annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1693, N a tio na l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 02 , o r any o f it s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




are




A r e a W a g e S u rv ey s
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at th e
r e q u e s t o f t h e W a g e a n d H o u r D i v i s i o n o f t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Bulletin nu m b er
an d p r i c e

Area

A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1970___________________________________
A lb a ny—S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1971----------------------------------A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1971—
A tla n ta, G a . , M a y 1971-----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1970 1 _____________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1971 1-----P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1970 ____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1 --------------------------------------B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N o v. 1970 1 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ______________________________
B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1-------------------------------------------------B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r . 197 1 1 -------------------------------------------Canton, O h i o , M a y 1971__________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 197 1------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , Jan. 1971---------------------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970__________________________________
C in c in n a t i, O h io — y.—I n d . , F e b . 1971 1--------------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1970 1------------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1970 1_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct. 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
F e b . 197 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------D ayto n, O h io , D e c . 1970 1-------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1971____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1971 1----------------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 1------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1971 1-------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1971 1----------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct . 1970 1
___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 197 1 1
______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1970 1__________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1970 1---------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1970 1-----------H
L ittle R o c k ^ N o r t h L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 1------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1971 1-----------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v. 1970_________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 197 1-----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1970 1 __________________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n.—A r k . , N ov. 1970-----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v. 197 0 1--------------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971-----------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1971______________________________
M in neapolis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., Jan. 1971________________

 Data on establishment practices and


1660-88,
1685-64,
1685-58,
1685-75,
1685-69,
16 8 5- 1 8 ,
1685-68,
1685-6,
1685-63,
1685-21,
1 6 85-1 1,
1685-43,
1685-59,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1685-48,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1685-53,
1685-28,
1685-33,
1685-22,

40

30c e n ts
35ce nts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
40 ce n ts
50cen ts
35c e n ts
30cen ts
40 ce n ts
35ce nts
50 ce n ts
50cen ts
35cen ts
30ce n ts
30ce nts
30cents
35ce n ts
60 c e n ts
4 5 cen ts
50cents
cen ts
5 0 ce nts

1 6 8 5 -5 1,
1685-45,
1685-41,
1685-70,
1685-77,
1685-25,
1685-4,
1685-78,
1685-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685- 37,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1685-1,

30cents
40 cents
35cen ts
30 c e n ts
50c e n ts
35ce nts
35c e n ts
35ce n ts
50ce n ts
40 ce nts
35cen ts
35cen ts
45 c e n ts
35c e n t s
35ce n ts

1685-66,
1685-27,
1685-60,
1685-2,
1685-30,
1685-29,
1685-40,
1685-76,
1685-44,

50ce n ts
30cents
30cen ts
35c e n ts
30cents
40 cents
30cents
35c e n ts
40 ce nts

supplementary wa g e provisions are also presented.

A rea

B ulletin n u m b e r
an d p r i c e

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1 9 70 1_______ 1 6 6 0 - 8 5 ,
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 4 7 ,
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 197 1_______________________________
1 6 85-3 5,
1685-3 6,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 197 1 1_____________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 70 1_______________________________
1 6 60-8 9,
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 197 1 1 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 6 ,
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
16 85-5 ,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 * _________________________
1 6 8 5 - 14,
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 19 70 1____________
C
P
1660-8 7,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ________________________
1685-3 4,
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1________________________________
1660-70,
1685-4 9,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 197 1 1 ________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 19 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1 9 70 1______________________
1660-77,
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . - M a s s . ,
W
M a y 1971 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 8 0 ,
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 70 1__________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 1 2 ,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 6 2 ,
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f fic e o c cu p a tio n s only),
16 85-7,
A u g . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________
1685-79,
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1971 1------------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 6 5 ,
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 7 0 1 --------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 6 ,
1685-8 1,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 197 1 1 _____________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
D e c . 19 70 1____________________________________________________
1685-4 2,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 0 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 ----------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 3 ,
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 3 ,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 7 2 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 70 1___________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 ,
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 197 1 1---------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 2 ,
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c . 1970 1
---------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 8 ,
S o u t h B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 1 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 * _______________________________
1660-86,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 8 ,
T a m p a r - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 --------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 17,
T o l e d o , O h i c m M i c h . , A p r . 1971 1---------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 4 ,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1 _________________________________
1685-1 5,
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
16 85-9 ,
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------1 6 85-5 6,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 5 ,
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1970 1------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 2 ,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 4 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ______________________________
1685-7 3,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 1 -------------------------------------------------------------1 6 85-5 0,
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 2 4 ,
W

35
40
30
40
75

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

35
30
35
45
50
35
50
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A SHING TO N, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PE NALTY FOR PR IV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. D EPA RTM ENT OF LABOR
l------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

FIRST CLASS M A IL