View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

L “. 3/
2,




)S 7 ^ f

'Ll

Montgomery Co.
L

^ubtic Library

DEC4

-

1968

A rea Wage S u r v e y

Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center, Room 1603-B
Boston, Mass. 02203
Tel. : 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
T e l.: 971-5405
(Area Code 212)

Region III
Penn Square Building
Room 406
1317 Filbert Street
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107

Region IV
1371 Peachtree S t., NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Tel. : 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Tel. : 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
Federal Office Building
Tenth Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
T e l.: 374-2481
(Area Code 816)

Region VII
Mayflower Building
Room 337
411 North Akard St.
Dallas. Tex. 75201
Tel. : 749-3616
(Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate .Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Tel. : 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey

The San Antonio, Texas, Metropolitan Area
June 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-69
September 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 3 0 cents







P reface

Contents
Page

The B ureau of L a b o r S tatistics pro gram of annual
occupational w age su r v e y s in m etropolitan a re a s is d e ­
sign ed to p rovid e data on occupational earnin gs, and e sta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pplem entary wage p r o v isio n s. It
y ie ld s detailed data by s e le c te d industry division for each
o f the a re a s studied, fo r geographic reg io n s, and for the
United S ta te s.
A m a jo r con sideration in the p ro gram is
the need for g re a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem ent o f w ages
by occupational c a teg o ry and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l o f w ages am ong a re a s and industry d iv isio n s.
A t the end o f each su rvey , an individual a rea b u l­
letin p r e se n ts su rvey r e su lts for each a rea studied. A fte r
com p letion of a ll of the individual area bulletins for a
round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m ary bulletin is issu e d .
The fir s t pa rt b rin g s data fo r each of the m etropolitan
a re a s studied into one b u lletin . The second part presen ts
in fo rm a tio n which has been p ro jected fr o m individual m e t ­
ropolitan a re a data to rela te to geographic regions and the
United S ta te s.
E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s cu rren tly a re included in the
p r o g r a m . In each a r e a , in form ation on occupational e a r n ­
ings is c o lle c te d annually and on establish m en t p ra ctic es
and su pp lem en tary wage p ro v isio n s bien n ially.

In tro d u c tio n _______________________________________________________________________
W age trends for se le c te d occupational g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s:
1.
2.

A.

E stab lish m en ts and w o rk e rs within scop e o f su rvey and
num ber stu d ied _______________________
Indexes o f standard w eekly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings for se le c te d occupational g ro u p s, and
p e rce n ts o f in c re a se fo r se le c te d p e rio d s_________________________
O ccupational ea rn in g s: *
A - 1. O ffic e occupations—m en and w o m e n --------------------------------------A - 2. P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ica l occupations—
m e n ___________
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and wom en c o m b in e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M aintenance and powerplant o cc u p a tio n s________ : _________
_
A - 5 . C ustodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t o c c u p a tio n s ____________

A ppendix.

O ccupational d e s c r ip t io n s ________________________________________

* NOTE:
S im ila r tabulations a re availab le fo r other
areas.
(See inside back c o v e r .)

T h is b ulletin p r e se n ts resu lts o f the survey in
San An ton io, T e x . , in June 1968 .
The Standard M e tr o ­
politan S ta tistic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through A p ril 19 67 , c o n sists o f B exar and Guada­
lupe C o u n ties.
Th is study w as conducted by the staff of
the B u re a u 's Atlanta R egion al O ffic e , under the general
d irection o f Donald M . C r u s e , A ssista n t Regional D ir e c ­
tor fo r O p era tio n s.




1
3

Union s c a le s , indicative of prevailin g pay le v e ls in
the San Antonio a r e a , a re a lso availab le fo r building con ­
stru ction ; printing; lo c a l-t r a n s it operating e m p lo y e e s ; and
m otortru ck d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llied occu p ation s.

iii

2

3

5

7
g

9
10
H




Area W a g e Survey
T h e San A ntonio, T ex., M etropolitan Area
Introduction
O ccupational em ploym en t and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., those hired to w ork a regular w eekly schedule
in the given occupational c la ssific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o vertim e and for work on w eek en ds, h olid ay s, and late
sh ifts. N onproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t -o f-liv in g a llow ­
ances and incentive earnings are included. W here w eek ly hours are
rep o rted , as for office c le r ic a l occupations, referen c e is to the stand­
ard workw eek (rounded to the n ea re st half hour) for which em ployees
rec eiv e their regular stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (exclu siv e of pay for
overtim e at regu lar a n d /o r prem iu m r a te s ). A v erag e w eekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n ea re st half dollar.

This area is 1 of 86 in which the U .S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s conducts su rveys of occupational earnings
and rela ted ben efits on an areaw ide b a s is .
This b u lletin p re se n ts current occupational em ploym ent and
earnings inform ation obtained la rg e ly by m ail fro m the esta blish m en ts
v isite d by B ureau fie ld eco n o m ists in the la st previous su rvey for
occupations reported in that e a r lie r study. P e rso n al v isits w ere made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the p rev iou s s u rv ey .
In each a r e a , data are obtained fro m represen tative e sta b ­
lish m e n ts within six b road in du stry d iv isio n s: Manufacturing; tra n s­
portation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities; w h o lesale trade;
r eta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are governm ent o p era ­
tions and the con stru ction and extractive in du stries. E stab lish m en ts
having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d number of w orkers are om itted because
they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry d iv isio n s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

The a vera ge s presen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw ide e s t i­
m a te s.
Industries and esta blish m en ts differ in pay le v e l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d ifferen tly to the estim a tes for each job .
The pay relation sh ip obtainable fro m the avera ges m ay fa il to reflect
a ccu rately the wage spread or d ifferen tial m aintained among jobs in
individual e sta b lish m en ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe re n ce s in average pay le v e ls
fo r m en and w om en in any of the selec ted occupations should not be
a ssu m ed to r e fle c t d ifferen ces in pay treatm en t of the sex es within
individual esta b lish m e n ts. Other p o ssib le fa cto rs which m ay contrib­
ute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c es in
p r o g r e ssio n within esta blish ed rate ran g es, since only the actual rates
paid incum bents are collected ; and d iffe re n ce s in sp e cific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o rk ers are c la s s ifie d approp riately within the
sam e su rvey job d escrip tion . Job d escription s used in cla ssify in g e m ­
ploy ees in these su rvey s are u su ally m ore g en eralized than those used
in individual esta b lish m en ts and allow for m inor d iffe re n ce s among
esta b lish m en ts in the sp e cific duties p e rfo rm ed .

T h ese su rvey s are conducted on a sam ple b asis becau se of
the u n n e c e ssa ry cost involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a cc u r a c y at m in im u m co st, a greater proportion of
la rg e than of sm a ll esta b lish m en ts is studied. In combining the data,
h ow ever, all esta b lish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim a tes b a se d on the esta b lish m en ts studied are presen ted, th e r e fo r e ,
as relating to all e sta b lish m en ts in the industry grouping and a re a ,
except for those below the m in im u m size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim a te s rep rese n t the total in all
esta b lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number a c ­
tually su rveyed .
B ecau se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among esta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a tes of occupational em ploym ent ob­
tained fro m the sam ple of esta blish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate
the rela tiv e im portance of the job s studied. T h ese d iffe re n ce s in occu ­
pational stru ctu re do not affect m a te r ia lly the a ccu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and E arn in gs
The occupations se le c te d for study are com m on to a v a riety of
m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and are of the fo llo w ­
ing typ es: (l) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fessio n al and technical; (3) m ain ­
tenance and pow erplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m ovem en t. O c ­
cupational c la s s ific a tio n is b ased on a uniform set of job d escription s
design ed to take account of in teresta b lish m en t variation in duties within
the sam e jo b . The occupations selected for study are listed and d e­
sc rib ed in the appendix. The earnings data follow ing the job titles are
for all in d u stries com bined. Earn in gs data for som e of the occupations
listed and d e sc rib e d , or for som e industry divisions within occupations,
are not presen ted in the A - s e r i e s tables because either (1) em p lo y ­
m ent in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough data to m erit
p resen ta tio n , or (2) th ere is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re of individual e s ­
tab lish m en t data.




E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Tabulations on selec ted establish m en t p ra ctic es and supple­
m en tary wage pro vision s ( B -s e r i e s tables) are not p resen ted in this
bulletin.
Inform ation for these tabulations is c ollected biennially.
T h ese tabulations on m in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for inexperienced
w om en office w o r k e r s; shift d iffe re n tia ls; scheduled w eekly h ou rs; paid
h olid ay s; paid v acation s; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are
p resen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previou s bulletins for this area.
1

2




Table 1.

Establishments and Workers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in San Antonio, Tex. , 1
by Major Industry Division, 2 June 1968
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study 4

Within scope
of study 3

Studied

All divisions__ ________________________

Studied
Number

Percent

421

Manufacturing _ __ _ _____ __ __ ________ __
Nonmanufacturing __ _ __ __ ------- __ __ __
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 _____________________
Wholesale trade 6 ____________________________
__ __ __
Retail trade 6__ __ __ __ __ ___
Finance, insurance, and real estate 6
_______
Services
-----------------------------------------------------

121

71,300

100

38,870

50
-

127
294

43
78

22,200
49,100

31
69

11,450
27,420

50
50
50
50
50

34
53
110
43
54

15
12
25
11
15

6,900
5, 700
22, 100
7, 200
7, 200

10
8
31
10
10

5, 150
1,600
13,110
4, 210
3,350

1 The San Antonio Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through April 1967, consists of Bexar and
Guadalupe Counties.
The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other em ­
ployment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data
compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such indus­
tries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
San Antonio's electric, gas, and transit systems are municipally
operated and are excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
* This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to
merit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit
separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit
membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

About three-tenths of the workers within scope of the survey in the San Antonio
area were employed in manufacturing firm s.
The following table presents the major in­
dustry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

Food and kindred products________ 36
Apparel and other textile
products_________________________ 14
Printing and publishing__________ 9
Stone, clay, and glass
products________________________
8
Machinery, except electrical___ 6
Fabricated metal products_______ 5

Meat products___________________ 11
Beverages________________________ 6
Men's and boys' furnishings_____ 6
Bakery products_________________ 5
Newspapers__________ -___________ 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
materials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961). Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates. These estimates are
measures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to measure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupational weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing the aggregate for
the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year. The resultant
relative, less 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each year's relative by the previous year's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Method of Computing
Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
O ffice clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls




Table 2.

O ffice clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes o f Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in San Antonio, T e x .,
June 1968 and June 1967, and Percents o f Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
IMav 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents o f increase

June 1967 June 1966 June 1965 June 1964 June 1963 May 1962 May 1961
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
June 1968 June 1967
June 1968 June 1967 June 1966 June 1965 June 1964 June 1963 May 1962

A ll industries:
O ffice ’clerical (men and w o m e n )--—
Industrial nurses (men and women) - —
Skilled maintenance (m e n )---------------Unskilled plant (men) ------------------------

136.3
(*>
(1)
149.9

127.3
( !)
(1)
136.6

7.1
(l >
(1)
9 .7

Manufacturing:
O ffice clerical (men and w om en)-------Industrial nurses (men and women) - —
Skilled maintenance (men) ---------------Unskilled plant (men) -----------------------

<l >
(1)
(i)
139.0

( !)
(1)
(1)
130.1

(M
(0
( !)
6 .9

1

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers

Data do not meet publication criteria.

(1)
11.2

2 .7
(})
(*)
4 .5

5.1
(1)
(1)
3.3

2 .6
( l>
(1)
3 .7

2 .9
(M
(1)
2 .5

3 .5
(1)
(1)
7.1

(M
(1)
(M
10.4

(1)
(1)
(!)
2 .8

4 .4
(M
(!)
3 .2

2.6
(!)
( !)
4 .2

3 .6
(1)
(1)
3 .6

2.2
(M
(1)
2.9

8 .0
(l )

4
F o r office c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in du strial n u r s e s , the wage
trends relate to regu lar w eek ly s a la r ie s for the n orm al w orkw eek,
ex clu siv e of earnings for o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w orker g ro u p s, they
m ea su re changes in average s tra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s, excluding
p rem iu m pay for o vertim e and for w ork on w eek en ds, h olid ay s, and
late sh ifts. The p ercen ta ges a re based on data for selec ted key o ccu ­
pations and include m o st of the n u m eric a lly im portant jo b s within
each group.

Changes in the labor fo rce can cause in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a verages without actual wage ch an ges. It is con ceivab le
that even though all esta b lish m en ts in an a re a gave wage in c r e a s e s ,
average w ages m ay have declined b ec a u se lo w e r-p a y in g esta b lish m en ts
entered the area or expanded their w ork fo r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m ay have rem ained r ela tiv ely con stan t, yet the a vera ge s fo r an a rea
m ay have rise n con siderably b ecau se h ig h e r-p a y in g esta b lish m en ts
entered the a rea.

L im itation s of Data
The indexes and percen ta ges of change, as m e a su re s of
change in a rea a v e r a g e s, are influenced by:
(1) gen eral sa la r y and
wage changes, (2) m e r it or other in c re a se s in pay re c e iv e d by indi­
vidual w o rk ers while in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in average
w ages due to changes in the labor fo rc e resu ltin g fr o m labor turn­
o v e r , fo rc e expan sion s, fo r c e red u ction s, and changes in the p ro p o r­
tions of w o rk ers em ployed by esta b lish m en ts with differen t pay le v e ls .




The use of constant em p loy m en t w eights elim in a te s the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s rep rese n te d in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta ges of change r e fle c t only changes
in average pay for stra ig h t-tim e h o u rs.
T h ey a re not influenced by
changes in standard work sc h ed u les, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
for o v ertim e . W here n e c e s s a r y , data w e re adjusted to rem o v e fr o m
the indexes and percen tages of change any sign ifican t effe c t caused
by changes in the scope of the su rv ey .

A:

O ccupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u st r y d i v is i o n , San A n t o n i o , T e x . , June 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o cc u pa t io n , and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

$
Und er
*
55

Middle range 2

$
55

$
60

$
65

$
70

$

$

75

80

$
85

90

95

95

100

$

100

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

-----i--$

$

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

140

145

150

1
~

~

“

1
~

3
3

~

~

~

“

150

and
und er
60

65

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

40.0
4 0.0
39.5

115.50
123.50
106.50

$
1 0 8 . CO
1 3C .C 0
1 0 6 . CO

CLERKS, ORD ER ---------------------------- ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

40.0
4 0.0

91.00
89.50

83.50
8 3 . CO

7 8 .0 0 109.00
8 0 .5 0 - 95.00

40.0
40.0

65.50
65.00

6 4 . CO
64.C0

6 2 . CO- 6 7 . 0 0
6 2 .0 0 - 6 6.50

53
51

26
26

74.00

20

7

10

7
7

1
1

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

9 7 .5 0 9 2 .5 0 9 9 .0 0 -

7

137.00
151.00
1 1C .0 C

6

1

22
21

11
6

WOMEN

BI LLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4 0.0
39.5

88.00
87.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

116
32
84

40.0
40.0
40.0

74.00
75.50
73.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------------

130
106
37

39.5
39.5
39.5

98.00
99.00
9 9.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

25 3
51

AO .O
40.0
4 0.0

80.00
77.00
80.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

39.5
39.5

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

39.5
39.5

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C --------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------CLERKS,

9C.50
90.50

7 2.5 0
7 5 . CO
7 1 . CO

~

_
-

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

5
~

6
6
3

11
6
“

3
3

27
20
6

8
8

16
16
8

60
26
34

13
3
10

24
2
22

33
33

27
4
23

10
7
3

1
1

_

18
18

18
18

14
14

11.50
ll.C C
. 1 2 . CO

-

80.50
7 0 . CO
81.50

9 3 . CO
9 2.00
9 5.00

1
1

-

1

26
1
25

87.50
87.50

8 8 . CO
8 8 . CO

9 2.50
92.50

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

69.50
6 9 . 5C

6 8.50
68.50

6 6 . GO- 7 6 . 00
6 6 . C O - 7 6 . CO

6 4 . CO
6 4 . CO

62.0 062.00-

67.50
6 7.50

1

-

83
81

85.50

24
4
20

76.00
78.00

74.50
75.50

71.0072.00-

82.50
63.50

9
3

33
31

9
9

18
14

40.0
40.0

83.00
83.00

81.
82.

CO
73.00CO
7 3.0 0-

9C.50
91.50

11
9

16
12

11

18
18

4 0.0
40.0

74.00
74.50

72.
73.

CO
6 6.00CO
66.0 0-

7 9.00
7 9.00

33
24

17
14

29
27

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

82
63

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

129
108

86.00

86.00

25

22

13

3

“

_

3

3

3

3

4
4

7
5
“

11
10
7

17
12
11

3
2
2

4
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

2
2
-

2
2

6
6
-

_
-

49
7
42

7
1
6

_

-

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

~

~

1
1

6
6

18
18

2
11

4 0.0
40.0

5
5
-

12
12

23
23
149
149

-

9
4
5

89
7

-

7 5 . CO

-

-

6
3
3

COMPTOMETER CPERATCRS -------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

_

14
1
13

7 8 .0 0 - 99.50
7 3.C 0 -1 C 4 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 5.50

4 0.0
4C.0
4 0.0

17
12

17
9
8

8 4 . CO
8 4 . CO
8 4 . CO

94
25
69

3
3

31
12
19

64.50
64.50

25 0
248

5
3

4

39
5
34

65.00-

202

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------




93.50
93.50

79.00
7 9.50
7 9.0 0

9 3.50
9 3.50
1 06.50

ORDER ---------------------------------------------

See f o o t n o t e s at end o f table

7 8 .0 072.5 0-

4

14
7
7

1
1
10
10

-

_

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y di v is i on , San An t on i o, T e x . , June 1968)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex,

occupation,

and in d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kly e a rn i n g s o f ----$

Average
weekly

Number
of
workers

$
55

[standard)

Me an 2

Median 2

Under

Middle range 2

$
55

6C

65

$

j L C 1>L 1 A 1 1 L o
<

4 0 .0

$

/ ^ *O O
6 j . nn

91 .C C
n/

3^2

——

c t. f n t T T A i i T r c
r i aco
□
j r t K h 1 Aa 11 b » L L A o b c
b Au i i r AC T UK i i\b —————————————————
r j INUr a /* 1 u n l n r
k n ki r A ki i C A r 1 i n iNb
l\U»\ MA l>Ur A CT iUKT1K i r
—————— —
—
c fccrC K T lA f K ilrt c f C L A o o
nrb A i
r i a c* c
j
o
k, rki Nr Al M JrA T T i m lI N C1
i NL UA k l ;C AC IU K I k'f

r
L

$
80

$

$
85

90

$
95

$
IC O

$

$
105

1 1C

$
115

$

120

$

$
125

130

$
135

$

$
140

145

150

and
65

7Q

2

z~_

3 *
55

———

102

—

—

c T1 Ck N U n A Anr u e K r f b rC INr n A iL --r k i r: K A
0 C I nr bK
ncn ^
—
—
UAkNn r AU T u n m fNu
r AI Ur A r 1 i K 1 i r
————— — ———————
—
tunn'kiAk-i r a r r i if» i kir
iNUiNrAiNCrAC 1 UK 1 INC
n u n L I C C. T I L ¥ l L rc*oc 4 —————. - - - - - .
r n m t n i i Yi i Ti

6

* 9
29

7

8 4 .C C -1 C 7 .5 C

nn
8 4 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 -

110 .0 0
110 .0 0

11 2.C 0
11 1.50

7 C

75

80

J J

2

2

11

2

1

9

17

13

2

2

85

9C

9 1 .5 0

8 8 . CO

8 4 .5 0 -

9 5 .0 0

C l tn
9 2 ". 5 0

8 7 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 8 4 .0 0 -

94 .C C
9 8 . 5C

9 5 CO
9 5 .5 0

c c U _ l i1e j • 1 1
vn 1 ; rr
o /l c \ l
o O * D n . i l iOaa DRn
J
U

n

0

101 50
1 0 2.50

:»q * r
i 9
3 o .n0

oq . ? n
9 9 *0 0

40

8 9 .5 0

8 8 . CO

10 8.50
123.C C

in

1C

R7
a

54

95

10C

50

2 7

1 C5

110

115

12 C

13C

135

140

8
2
6

14
4

3

10
3

3

2

2
2

2

2

3

2

1

125

8 2 . COqo
nn_
oa C
OH• p n

1 29
9Q

1
1

1

**

6

6

9 9 .e e
cc cr
cn

8 0 .0 0

77
* I* rr

7 0 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

8 4 .5 0
9 3 . CO

21

78 50
9 0 .0 0

7ft rn

e3.C C
9 9 .5 0

18

o 5 rn
8 r . LO

7 0 .0 0 7 4 .5 0 -

o r *cn
n o . 5R0
n
98

8 4 .0 C -1 1 3 .5 0
A c • n ri i 1 t1 i ^ « r n
o j UU i
IU
8 3 .0 0 -1 1 5 .C C

29

11

3

12

20

24

15

36

14

11

8 1 . CO

-

7 3 .0C6 5 .5 0 -

8 9 .0 0
7 8 . 5C

39 .5

81

50

8 2 .C C

7 3 .5C-

8 7 . 5C

79

3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0

81 .C C

7 3 .0 0 -

8 5 .5 0

6 8 . CO

6 D• jL
O c> c n _
6 5 .5C-

7 N • DU
1a c r
7 5 . 5C

3
13

1C

3

145

150

7

7

4

5

4

3

10
10

6

_

over

7

10

1
1

2

g

8
3
3

1 0

3

9
5

7

3

*

”
3

14

13

13

-

-

-

4

l

1C

l

5
5

l

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

6
!

1

1

6

17

2
~

1

1

1

6
13

7
j ^

-

8
8

7
7

7

3

3

7

-

-

3

*

-

-

-

•

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

■

1

l

1
1

3

1

U
13 C

1

1

1

12

3

1 C

56

* |

7

19

6 7 .0 0 -

7 3 .5 0

7 5 .5 0
8 1 . CO
7 3 .5 0

_

3
14

25

7 6 .0 0

98

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

00

41

19

139

70

43

23

13

SW IT C HB OA R D C P E R A T C R - R E C E P T I C M S T S UALliTA C TIT) 1 liD
. .. -----r A l N U r AT 1 U K 1 N b

3 9 .5

27

99

3
24

10
10

271

37

3

7 C .5 C
7 C .5 C

------

5

33

5 8 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 -

-

9

l l

9

2

12
1 *
2

3

6 6 . CO
6 6 . CO

— —-------- —

3
9

23

6 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

-----------

38

18

4 2 .5
4 3 .0

—

9

12

12

101

------

2

6

3
3

27

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S P --------i r i u
i C T UK k i r
iNLiN“ iAt MnJ rr A T T n n i1 NO — — — ——— —————

hC NPA NUF AC T OR ING

3

19

-

-

_ .

*

13

4

-

—

6

g

1

32
31

8 9 . CO

...................

2

1

13

7 1 .5 0 -

------

14

7

21
21

8 i.C C

-

2
1

j

9

7

3

8 5 .0 0

. . .

6

1

6

4 C .0

r r
r i *rr
a
1O f C LA o j A
NONPAMJFACTURING

1

1

-

27

T\/n f or
1Y r l

7

1
8

3

10

SVITCHBCARC

---------------

17

3
14

10
1

11

2

96 00
I C O .00

N C N H A M J F A C TUR I NG

17

6

2 3

A

4 0 .0

98

2 3

5
17

34

6
12

10

92

A --------

2

4

^g

CLASS

22

1

19

C T C k < r r o a n M e K o » c c kN f L K
j 1 t INLUKA r u c n r
Ot l I r n
M N ljFA CT U R IN G
'—
— * ----------ki nki k r A i m r A
i K 1 a1
r*
I N U i N<a k N C i A Cm1 Un t INC
————— ———————
OPERATORS,

2
4

4 0 .0
4 C .C
4 0 .0

21
1

3

1
1

_ 1 IS*DU
l i a

2

37
3

g

1b
^8

3

q

1nr *rn
0 C . CO

15

1

4 0 .0

.....

7

7
6

9 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 4 . CO

40 0
3 9 .5

2
5

9 1 .C C -1 2 4 .C 0

n
4 0 .0

T i.O
J o n

134
—————— ——

A1
4t

91*CC
1 0 5 . CO

----------

C rrnrT AO trr
r • ar r r
ocUKt 1
Ito i tL A ob L
k r k i/A kN UC A b T Um r a t
INUN r f l I i i r A r 1 i K 1 M j
n im iir*iT T iT T T crc4
r U o L i L UI 1 L L 1 I b o

B

75

$

96 ^0
105.00

/r
INLJINrAfNtrAl 1 UK1 IMb

$

63 . j0

4 0 .0

CLASS

70

CCNTINLEC

r r

TYPISTS*

$

$

$

and
under
60

WC P E N -

$

*

2

2

1
1

2

1 Standard h o u r s r fl e et the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e ­
sp ond to t hes e w ee k l y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a ch j o b by totaling the e a r n i n g s o f all w o r k e r s and di viding by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e di an d es ig n a t e s p o s it i o n
ha lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the rate show n; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra te sho wn .
The m id d l e ra nge is de f in ed by 2 ra t e s o f pa y; a fou rt h o f the w o r k e r s ea rn l e s s than the l o w e r o f t h e se r a t e s and a four th e a rn m o r e than
the h i g h e r rate.
° W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
6 at $ 15 0 to $ 15 5; and 2 at $18 5 to $ 19 0.
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h er p u bl ic ut il it i es .
5 M a y in cl u de w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .







7

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is i o n , San A nt o ni o , T e x . , June 1968)

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y di v is i o n , San An t on i o, T e x . , June 1968)
Average

O c c u p a t i o n and in d u st r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OF FI CE OCCU PA TI ON S
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE ) --------------------------------------------

45

BCCKKEEPING—MACH INE CPERATCRS ,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

46
29

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S2 ------------------

Average

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

116
32
84
186
53
133
4C

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

40.5

$
70.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

109
31
78

40.0
40.0
4 C. 0

$
88.00
88.00
88.00

40.0
39.5

88.00
87.00

COMPTOMETER CPERATCRS ----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

89
71

40.0
40.0

76.00
78.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

100
80

40.0
4C.0

90.00
92.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

131
108

40.0
40.0

74.00
74.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

138
133

40.0
40.0

65.50
65.00

392
87
30 5
46

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

96.50
94.00
97.00
107.00

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0
39.5
4 0.0
39.5
39.5

74.00
75.50
7 3.50

I C O . 50
99.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

276
61
215

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

81.00
80.50
81.00

SECRETARIES 3---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

58
58

39.5
39.5

8 7.50
87.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

45
29

40.0
40.0

110.00
110.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

43
41

39.5
39.5

6 9.50
6 9.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS E --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

92
37
55

4C-0
40.0
39.5

91.50
90.00
92.50

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

25 0
248

3 9 .C
39.0

64.50
64.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

119
103

40.0
40.0

102.00
103.00

CLERKS, CRDER ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

96
39
57

4C.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

84.50
83.00
85.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------

136
118
31

39.5
39.5
39.0

90.00
90.50
102.00

ings

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
2 04
59
145
32

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

8 0.50
83.00
79.5 0
93.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

120
28
92

40.0
40.0
40.0

99.00
9 6.00
I C O . 00

CLASS A --------

27

40.0

85.00

SWITCHBOARD CPERATCRS, CLASS E -------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

101
98

42.5
4 3.0

6 7.50
67.5 0

SWITCHBOARD CPERATCR-RECEPTICNISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

139
41
98

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

7 6.00
82.00
7 3.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

95
79

39.5
39.5

81.50
7 9.00

TYPIS TS, CLASS B --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

30C
283

39.5
39.5

7 1.50
71.50

40
40

4 0.0
4 0.0

137.00
137.00

PR OFESSIONAL AND TE CH NI CA L
O C CU PA TI ON S
CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------------------

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi ch e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k l y ho u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r pu bl ic ut il it i es .
3 M a y in cl u de w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Number
of
workers

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

103.50
111.00

Average

O cc up a tio n and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

re g u l a r

straight-time

salaries

35

40.0

105.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

69
68

4 0.0
4 0.0

101.00
1 01.00

( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates),

and the e a r n ­

9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly e a rn i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st ud ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is i o n , San A nt o ni o , T e x . , June 1968)

Hourly earnings

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly e a rn in gs of —
$
1 .4 C

O c c u p a t io n and in d u st r y di v is
workers

M ean13 \Median
2

2

Middle range

2

MAINTENANCE —

38

$
3.27

$
3.2 5

$
$
2 .5 6 - 4 .1 5

2.69
2.48

2.C 31 .8 6 -

3.11
2 .8 6

_

_

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

57

34

2.6 8
2.40

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRACES ■
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

91
72

2.69
2 .8 6

2.54
2.57

1 .8 9 2 .1 7 -

3 .8 2
3 .8 4

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------

119
48
71
57

3 .0 2
2 .5 8
3.3 2
3 .4 5

2.89
2 .4 5
3 .6 1
3 .6 4

2 .3 7 2 .1 9 2 .7 7 3 .2 8 -

3 .6 6
2 .5 9
3 .7 0
3.9 5

87
78

3.00
3.07

2 .8 3
2 .8 5

2 .1 8 2 .1 9 -

4 .2 0
4 .2 1

29

2.0 9

1 .75

1 .4 9 -

2 .5 5

MECHANICS,

MAINTENANCE ----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------

PAINTERS,

MAINTENANCE -------------

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s,
2 F o r de f in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot not e 2, table A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r pu bli c u til iti e s.




$
1 .7 0

$
1.8C

1I
1.90
.

$
$
2 . 00 2 . 1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

i
2
>.50

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
$
2 . 90 3 . 0 0

$
3 .20

$
3 .4 0

$
3.6 0

$
3.8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

1 .6 0

1.7 0

1.8 0

1.9C

2! . 0 0

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2
>.60

2 .7 0 2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . 00

3 .40

3.6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

_

_

4
4

and
under
1 .5 C

ELECTRICIANS,

$
$
1 .5 C 1 . 6 0

-

-

1

3

3

5

-

-

2

-

5

4

3

-

-

7

5

8
8

_

8

2
2

2
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

9
5

2
2

1
1

6
6

_

_

_

5

_

-

-

-

-

5
~

3

2
“

3

5
5

1

_

1
1

1
1

24
21

-

2

_

-

-

_

_

_

29
29

_

_

3

_

10
10
~

5
5
-

14
4
1C
6

5
5
~

15
11
4
4

_

3

~

3
“

3
3
*

3
3
~

1
1
~

n
11
8

2
2
-

21
21
21

5
5
5

14
3
11
11

2
2
-

~

5
3
2
2

5
-

-

-

21
21

1
1

2
1

3
3

3
3

4
4

2
2

1C
10

1
-

7
6

2
2

3
2

1
1

22
22

-

-

1

2

3

1

“

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

_

17
12

3

_
-

_

_

-

“

_
-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

8

4

2

2

~
_
-

-

h o l id a y s ,

3.20

~

and late shi fts .

-

-

1

_

_

-

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a re a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is i o n , San An to ni o, T e x . , June 1968)
Hourly earnings2

N um ber of w orkers
$
1 .1 0

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n 1 and ind u stry division

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1 .2 0

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

1.30 1.40 1 5 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90
.

C

.

$

$

.
.

GUARDS:
MA NU FA C TU R IN G

JAN I T ORS «

POR TE RS *

4

1

AND

C L E A N E R S -------

# AMI iC AC I O l K f*
rAIMJrflL T b(^ l f N! b
trvuAK i' r A t I n K ir
M f V r A M C K r m U T f tMU —
nilDIL T r |; T T L I ▼¥ t o
I
cc
r U o l l UI

11
1 11 4

1
1

p K n cK
C
L ii U t O
r T L IC.DC ——— —
lrn o
u i k i n r A r IliKl INb
pAINUrAL Tn nTk iP

•

—

• "
---- ———

_ —

—
-

1

—

1 1 1

R E C E I V I N G C L E R KS ------------------------------------------------uA liN U r ArtTIiUn rIu pj —— ————— —————————
i K iN
r A 'iir i
I
HlPNl ft t II tC AP
i I
Ift No
INUAIrAiMirAt T UK I klP
——- —————- —

1 1 1
1
5

T n n p i / n n I \<ci u c
T K U I K U K r VtKl>
— — ——
i AI . U APT un TMP
ri i kNn rr A t l UKlOllj
———

1
1 11

———————————
—— ——— —————

4

N CN MA NU F AC T UR I NG ----------------------------------------nilDI 1 r
T
TTTCf
r L D L t>
T R L C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T (UNDER
i %/ n T P i i r » ——— ——— ——
1 / Z ILlSbJ
————————
U t M lC IP UJrU MP
p A ft'lJ r AL Tl ! :) T Nb
—

1

NIPMU Akil ;C APTl K T Kb'
I r t l r r A l r O r A t l UID I NIP

————— ——— — — —

1 1/2
1

1 1
1

T R L C K D R I V E R S , MEDIUM ( TC
AN'p i IN
AINU T MP L U t TMP *♦ | Ll\o
U IT IN
U /.
——— ————
HAKiait Ar*ri i)TMP
r A I N U r A t l t ^ l ,> b
'
————————————————

1 1 1 4

N CN MA NU F AC T UR I NG ----------------------------------------n uni r r i t t i , t i r r
.
rLd l C L I L I Itb
T R L C K D R I V E R S , HEA VY ( C VE R A T C N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ------------------------------------------------A PK I/A ( \ U r A f TlUK I l\u
(\Ll\r A M C A t I ID T MP

1

i rr K i
I r L n iI/ v Ltl e ln )
r

————————

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------- -- -------N l WA A U r A t
lPN
ID ▼
AlP .
i\tl\ r A A llC A PTIUK i INb ————— — —— —— —

1

5
8
91
0
60
9
3
9
68
2
12
7
5
6
71
5^
7
50
3
cX n

n APi cnb
r n J nnv kir
r A L K/c K r * b u i r r l M b ————— — ———— ————
L Ak ll r ATTI IOIMP
. .
rAINt’C A t l U r lINlj ———— —— ——— — —— —
K PMUA K |C A r Tl ID l Itf* ——
w —
I NLOrAIMJrAt UK l\u
——M — ——— _
—— w

n m.f rri
HL tK

C

A

A PklUA K l l C Ar T lUK I Il P —————
INLiNrAiVUrAC l Q T l\u

Tn i r i / c n r t
IKUuKbKb

3

-------------------------------------------------

WATCHMEN:
r A P UI A V I \j >' • Hw
v
/

11
A

C

11
1
6
8
1,547
1,261
46
6

1 .8 6

-

.

*

-

1.85 1 7 1.90
0
.

-

1.74
16
4
1.61
16
1
1.80 1.75 1 6
8
1.55 1.64 1 4
2
1.75 1 6
6
1.89 1.73
9
1.91 1.77 1 6
5
1.70 1 6
2
4
1.75 1.69 1 6
1.89 1 6
8
1.74 1.68 1 6
4
5
1.73 1.71 1 6
1
16
7
1.68 1.68 1 6
4
2.16 2.12 1 9
5
2
2.23
2.12 2.09 1 9
2
2.58 2.41 1 7
8
18
1
2.69 2.76 1 7
7
9
3.52 3.73 3 1
1 .6 8

.

-

1 .6 6

.
.

-

.
.

1 .8 8
2 .2 2

-

2 .1 2

1 .6 6 .
.
. C l.

-

.

-

.

Lm § 3

-

.
.
.

-

.
. C l.

-

.
.

-

.

-

.

-

.
.

.

C

-

.
.
.

-

3.52
2-38
3.71
3.76

22
4
23
17
8
17
18

3.72
3.72
2.07
1.99
2.18

.

-

.

C-

.
.
.

CC-

3

2

*

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

C 2 .2 0

.

67

6
1

$
2 .2 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

2.30 2.40 2.50 2 6 2.70 2 8 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60
.

C

.

C

2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2 9 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80
.

21
‘ 0

11

1

3

9

5

3
7
0 7
4 5 16 5 2
3 2
6 2 1
3 5 4
37 6 2 1
6
3 5 3
9

-

1

21

1
6

8

5
1

21

6

A

*

BA

-

:

5
2
8
1
7

14 1 3
0
8 4
5
5
4 1 2
9 5 5
1
7
15 4
1
8
15 3
1
2 9 1
2
3
5
2
1 *
9 4
1
1 4 1
1
5 7 3
*
2
2

22

12

~

1
4

11

1
8
1
4

-

-

1

a

-

:

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
7 1

12

P

1

12
10

9
*

7
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
7
*

2

22
22

7

2
*

2

7
4
4

45
45

B

2
2

3
1

0
8 14 6
9 4
1 1 5
3 1 4
7 13 6
6 3
1

5 1
6

0
7 7
0
7 7
2 6
9 3
1 2 4
6 1 5

2 1
2 5
1
4 6
4 1
9 4
2
8
2 *
1 3

-

i

1

7

1

2

2

1 1
9 3
7
1
2
0 2
22 16 4 4
5 0
1
6
1 9 3 6
16 23 1 1 2 2
4 1
3
6
6 ^
7
6 1
3 0

3

2

7
4
4 1
4 6
1
4
1
6
3
1
7
1
7
5
5
1
7
1
9
3
13
1
5

2

lf l

3
3

-

1

21
8
5
0
^1
16
32
3
33
19

9
9

5

6

6

1
5
1
5

C

1

6

68

1
8
1
8

1 Data l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and late sh if ts .
3 F o r de fi ni tio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te 2, tabl e A - l .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h er pu bl ic ut il it i e s .
5 I nc lu de s all d r i v e r s , a s def in ed , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




2 .0 0

9

-

.

2.95
3.00
1.89
1.89
1.89

7
9
4
5
1
6
9 7
4 0

2

i e

-

2.54 2.26 1 7
6
3
1 7 2.22 2.01 1 8
5
4
5 9 2.64 2.68 1 7
3
6
2 2 3.52 3.72 3 1
5
2.91
2.95
1.95
19
18
-9

C

*

-

-

.

68
1
50
9
26
5
13
0
15
5

.

1.78
4 6 6 7
1.73 7 7 1 3
1.89
4 6 6 7
1.69 7 7 1 3
2.14
2.08
2.09
2.08
2.56
1.79
2.05
1.78
1.79
1.80
1.75
2.42
2.29
2.43
3.47
2.22
3.71 1
8
3.77

1.79 1.69 1 6 2.01
3
1.85
1 7 1.98
3
1 1 1.78 1.68 1 6 2.12
3
2
t

C

$

1.77 1 6 2.07
7
5
1.78 1.70 1 6 1.88
7
30 1.91 1.78 1 6 2.09

str aig h t-tim e hourly earnings of—

$
2 .1 0

and
under

1 2 1 3 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90
$
1 .8 8

receiving
$
2 .0 0

3
9

1
5
1
2
3
7
9
5 1
5 8
1
6
-

2g

*

1

1

1

7

*

*

4
0
2
4
1
6

•

2 3 1
6 5 3
1 3 1
7 5 1
2
0
1
3

3 3 4
1 4
3 2
1
1 5 12 1 9 3 0
4
0 2 4
2
2
1 2 12 4 7 30
1 5 4
0 4
9
6
30
4
-

1

-

Z

*

2

*5

-

1
5 2
1
2 2
2 2 2 8
2 5 0 8
1 2 1 8
6 2 4 8
3
3

*

1
3
7

3
6

1
2
6

*

5 1
3
5 *
3

3

5

5 f
Z7

3

5

2
7

1
1

2
„
c

3
3

4 8
5
5
* 8

4
4

0
2 13
2 13
9
6

2 5
1 2 15
2
2
1
15
5
15
5

3 8
4 2 3
3 8
* 2 3
1
1

3 7 15
0 8
3 7 15
0 8
4
4

C

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type o f machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

11

12
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’ s busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerics.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not.in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporace
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

14

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e .g ., a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for calls.)

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory woiker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine v o ­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a singler or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g. , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

15

SW ITCH BOAR D OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MA CHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

16

P R O F E S S I O N A L A ND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisoryassistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E A N D P O WE R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




17

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woik of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conchtioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the drilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

18
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the woik of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining,
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or bmsh.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the woik of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

19

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUS T ODI A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following?
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

20

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving cleik
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A rea W a g e S u rveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below . A d irectory indicating dates of ea rlier stu dies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
available on req u est. B ulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U .S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice, W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
or fro m any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

A re a

Bulletin number
and price

A kron, Ohio, July 1967 1--------------------------------------------------Albany^-Schenectady^Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1968 1 -------------Albuquerque, N. M e x ., A p r. 1968 1_____________________
N.
Allentown—Bethlehem —E aston, P a.— J .,
F eb. 1967 __________________________________________________
A tlanta, G a ., May 1968 1 --------------------------------------------------B altim ore , M d ., O ct. 1967----------------------------------------------Beaumont—Port Arthur— ran ge, T e x ., May 1968 1___
O
B irm in gh am , A la ., A p r. 1968 __________________________
B oise City, Idaho, July 1967--------------------------------------------Boston, M a s s ., Sept. 1967 1----------------------------------------------

1 5 3 0 -8 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 8 ,
15 7 5 -5 8 ,

25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1 5 3 0 -5 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 8 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 9 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 3 ,

25 cents
35 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

B uffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1967__ —______________________________
Burlington, V t . , M ar. 1968----------------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, June 1968 1_________________________________
C h arleston , W. V a ., A p r. 1968 1--------------------------------------C h arlotte, N .C ., A p r. 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Aug. 1967-------------------------------C hicago, 111., A p r. 1967 1 _________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y .— d ., M ar. 1968 1-------------------------K
In
C levelan d, Ohio, Sept. 1967______________________________
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1967----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x ., Nov. 1967___________________________________

1 5 7 5 -4 1 ,
157 5 -4 8 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 0 ,

Davenport—
Rock Island—M o lin e, Iowa—
111.,
O ct. 1967________ ____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1968 1---------------------------------------------------D en ver, C o lo ., D ec . 1967 1--------------------------------------- -------D es M oin es, Iowa, Feb. 1968 1-----------------------------------------D etro it, M ich ., Jan. 1968 1 ----------------------------------------------F ort W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1 967_____________________________
G reen Bay, W is ., July 1967---------------------------------------------G re en v ille, S .C ., May 1968 1
--------------------------------------------Houston, T e x ., June 1967 -------------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1967 1-----------------------------------------Jackson, M i s s ., Feb. 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
J ackson ville, F la ., Jan. 1968-------------------------------------------Kansas C ity, M o.— a n s ., Nov. 1 967 1-----------------------------K
Lawrence— av erh ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1968 1
H
------------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., July 1967---------Los A n geles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden G ro ve , C a lif., M ar. 1968 ____________________
L o u isv ille , K y .-I n d ., Feb. 1 9 6 8 _________________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1968 1 ---------------------------------------------M an ch ester, N .H ., July 1967-------------------------------------------M em phis, T e n n .-A r k ., Jan. 1 968 1---------------------------------M ia m i, F la ., D ec. 1967 1--------------------------------------------------Midland and O d e ssa , T e x ., June 1968 *--------------------------

1

Bulletin number
and price

M ilw aukee, W is ., A p r. 1968 _____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1968___ ______________
Muskegon—Muskegon H eig h ts, M ich ., May 1968 1________
Newark and J ersey C ity, N .J ., F eb . 1 9 6 8 1______________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1 968 1____________________________
New O rlea n s, L a ., Feb. 1968___________ _________________
New Y ork , N .Y ., A p r. 1967 1---------------------------------------------Norfolk—Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1967 1_______________________________
Oklahom a C ity, O k la ., July 1967--------------------------------------

1 5 7 5 -6 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 3 ,

30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
25cents
30cents
40 cents

1 5 3 0 -8 2 ,
157 5 -4 ,

25cents
20cents

30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

O m aha, N eb r.—
Iowa, Oct. 1 967 1__________________________
Pater son—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J ., May 1967 _____________
P
Philadelphia, P a.— .J ., Nov. 1967 1______________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z ., M ar. 1968 1_______________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1968--------------------------------------------------Portland, M aine, Nov. 1967 1--------------------------------------------Portland, Or eg.—W a s h ., May 1967 _______________________
Providence—Pawtucket—W arw ick, R .I.—M a s s .,
May 1968 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------R aleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1967 1------------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1 9 6 7 1_______________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1968 1__________________________________

1 5 7 5 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 9 ,

25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents

1 5 7 5 -6 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 0 ,

30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents

1 5 7 5 -1 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 8 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 6 ,

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents

St. L o u is, M o.—
111., Jan. 1968-------------------------------------------Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1967----------------------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., June 1968 ____________________________
San Bernardino—R iversid e— n tario, C a lif.,
O
Aug. 1967 1----------------------------------------------------------------------------San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1967---------------------------------------------San F ra n cisco —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1968_______________
San J ose , C a lif., Sept. 1 967 1 --------------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., May
1968 1____________________________
Scranton, P a ., July
1967 1------------------------------------------Seattle—E verett, W a sh ., Nov. 1 967 1_____________________

1 5 7 5 -3 9 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 9 ,

30cents
20cents
30cents

1 5 7 5 -1 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 9 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -9 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 9 ,

30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
25 cents

1 5 7 5 -4 9 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 4 ,
1 57 5 -2 ,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents

1 5 7 5 -6 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 8 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 2 ,

30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak ., Oct. 1 967 1__________________________
South Bend, In d ., M ar. 1968 1 ____________________________
Spokane, W a sh ., June 1967 1 ______________________________
T a m p a-S t. P etersb u rg, F l a . , Aug. 1967----------------------T o led o , Ohio—M ic h ., Feb. 1968-----------------------------------------Trenton, N .J ., N ov. 1967__________________________________
W ashington, D .C .—M d .-V a ., Sept. 1 967--------------------------W a terb u ry , C on n ., A p r. 1968 1-----------------------------------------W a te r lo o , Iowa, Nov. 1967_____________________________; ___
_
W ich ita , K a n s ., D e c . 1 967_________________________________
Wore e s t e r , Mas s ., June 1968 1______________________ _____
Y ork , P a ., Feb. 1968 1.....................................................................
Youngstown—W a rren , Ohio, Nov. 1 967 1__________________

1 57 5-1 7,
1 5 7 5 -5 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -8 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 3 ,
157 5 -2 4 ,
1 575-1 1,
1 5 7 5 -5 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 2 ,
157 5 -2 5 ,

25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30 cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
20 cents
20cents
30cents
30cents
25cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea