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Dayton & Montgomery Go.
Public Library

JUN 2 4
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

. .

. . ...

•o it L « M

city

:

AREA WAGE SURVEY
......

i

T h e S a lt Lake C ity, U ta h , M etropolitan A re a ,
N ovem ber 1970

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 2 6
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R

i

Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm, 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S a lt L a k e City, U tah, M etro po litan A re a ,
N ovem ber 1970

B ulletin 1 6 8 5 -2 6
March 1971

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




C on ten ts

P reface

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e taile d d a ta by . s e le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r e ach
of the a r e a s stu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n to (1) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

At the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s the s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p le t io n of a ll
o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
The f ir s t b rin g s data for
e a c h o f t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h i c r e g i o n s an d the U n ited S t a t e s .

A.

B.
N in ety a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ially .
T h i s b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , in N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 .
The Standard
M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d efin ed by the B u r e a u
of the B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f D a v is
and S a lt L a k e C o u n tie s .
T h is stu d y w a s co n d u cted by the
B u r e a u ' s r e g io n a l o f f ic e in K a n s a s C ity , M o ., u n d e r the
g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of E d w a r d C h aik e n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l
D ire cto r for O p eratio n s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w ee k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________

6

O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _______________
m
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------

10
11
12

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v i s io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffice
w o r k e r s __________________________________________________
B - 2 . S h i f t d i f f e r e n i t a l s ______________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _______________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ----------B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s -------------------------------

13
14
15
16
17
19

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e av a ila b le
(See in sid e b ack c o v e r.)

for other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the S a lt L a k e C ity a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le fo r b uilding
c o n str u c tio n ; p rin tin g; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ;
and lo c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s .

ii i

4

7
9

21




In tro d u c tio n
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e show n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s a n d i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r t; i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w hich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r straigh t-tim e ; s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay
fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s con d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y ten d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s iri
an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d
by h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , sh o w n in t a b l e
2 , are b etter
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in
th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a p d (4) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a . E a r n i n g s d a t a n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not s h o w n
o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n ot a v a i l a b l e .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted reflect co m p o site , areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d n ot b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l
r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas arc four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f the s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e

2

a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n i n g s d a ta .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e l a t e to p l a n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a t a f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e i n c lu d e d in the e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
t io n w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s (in c l u d i n g l e a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f fi c e f u n c ­
tion s.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d functions.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but
i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( t a b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , an d the p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m an d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i ft d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b oth in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , an d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t the t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y in g to
a l l o f the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of th a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch eduled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y of f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
overtim e ra te s.

a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r
the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u gh
B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of ro u n din g .
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s (t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c lu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y an d the w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The fir s t
p a r t of the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r of w hole an d T ia lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w hole an d h a l f
h o l i d a y s to show t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y of v a c a t i o n p l a n s (tab le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s not in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y in g to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r t h a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
a l e n t of 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p l a n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E stim ates
e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s an d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d t h o s e w hich
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s with
q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e . Su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l ,
a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h the e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . Su c h p l a n s i n c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y an d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a union fund o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n ds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n if
the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n d e r the p l a n ,
e v e n if l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
L egally
re q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o rk m e n 's com p en sation , s o c ia l se c u rity ,
an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t ty p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w hich h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , p l a n s
p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
a r e i n c lu d e d on ly i f the e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than i s l e g a l l y
the b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e f i t s w hich e x c e e d the
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
r e q u i r e m e n t s of the law .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




^ The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.

3
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay during a b se n c e fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e of illn e s s . S e p a r a te
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
an d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , an d
s u r g i c a l p l a n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a r t ia l p ay m en t of d o c to r s ' f e e s .
D ental in su ra n c e u su a lly
c o v e r s fillin g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p l a n s w h ic h
c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P lan s m ay be u n der­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c i a l i n su r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
t h i s p u r p o s e . T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.

4

T ab le 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in S a lt Lake City, U ta h ,1by major industry division,2 Novem ber 1970
Number of establishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study5

Plant
Number

All divisions__________________________________
Manufacturing_____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5 ----------------------------------W holesale tra d e_____________________________ _
Retail trade_____________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real e sta te ------------Services 8 -----------------------------------------------------------

Studied

T otal4

Studied

Office

Percent

T otal4

_

325

109

67, 370

100

40 ,0 3 1

13,178

4 1 ,2 5 6

50
-

102
223

38
71

22, 667
4 4 ,7 0 3

34
66

1 4,180
25,8 5 1

3, 159
10,019

14,471
26 ,7 8 5

50
50
50
50
50

37
48
80
28
30

16
12
21
10
12

13,222
6, 759
16,240
5, 015
3 ,4 6 7

20
10
24
7
5

6 ,0 1 3
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

2, 735
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

10,406
2, 250
9, 523
2, 914
1,692

1 The Salt Lake City Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of Davis and Salt Lake Counties.
The "w orkers within
scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment
data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p la n t an d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in du stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a l l indu stries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit
separate study, (2) the sam ple was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosu re of individualestablishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but
from the real estate portion only in
estim ates for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal service s; business serv ice s; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural serv ice s.




A lm ost tw o-fifths of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Salt Lake City
area were employed in manufacturing firm s . The following presents the m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

Ordliance and a cc e s s o rie s_______ 15
Food and kindred products_____ 12
M achinery, except electrical___11
Prim ary m etal in d u stries_______ 11
Transportation equipment_______ 11
Fabricated metal products______ 7
Printing and publishing__________ 7
Apparel and other textile
products_________________________ 5
E lectrical equipment and
supplies__________________________ 5

O rdnance_________________________ 15
Prim ary nonferrous m etals____10
Aircraft and p a r ts ______________ 9
Fabricated structural metal
products________________________ 6
Construction and related
m achinery______________________ 5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s
t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to t h e d a t e o f
the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual r a t e s of in c r e a s e , w here
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n s t a n t r a t e
b etw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n th e a r e a .

sh o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in dex.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , ex c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s an d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n the s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s i n the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w ag e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d ec lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d ed t h e ir w o rk f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t i n th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Cl elks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

The
p lied by the
in the g r o u p
w ere related
g a te f o r the

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
Th e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u l e s , a s su ch , o r by p r e m iu m pay
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e an y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d t h e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
w ere totaled .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 con secu tive y e a r s
b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a rlie r y ear.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5

6




T ab le 2.
Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
S a lt Lake City, Utah, Novem ber 1970 and N o ve m b e r 1969, and percents of increase for selected periods
A ll industries
Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Period

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

(’ )
(M

116. 5
110. 6

no. 9
106. 8

( ')
(*)

143. 5
123. 3

142. 5
128. 5

Indexes (Decem ber 1967 = 100)
November 19 7 0 ____________ ______________________
Novem ber 1969_____________________ _____________

114.4
109.4

(*)
(‘ )

117. 5
111.6

114.4
108. 1

C)
(')

Indexes (Decem ber 1960=100)
November 197 0 -------------------------------------------------------Decem ber 1967_______ _____ ____________________

148. 0
129. 3

( ')
( )

151. 2
128. 5

142. 9
124. 7

t 1)
t 1)

Percents of increase
Novem ber 1969 to November 1970______________
Decem ber 1968 to Novem ber 1969:
11-month increase--------------------------------------------Annual rate of in c re a s e _______________________

4. 6

C)

5. 3

5. 8

O

(*)

5. 3

3. 8

4. 2
4. 6

O
<■)

5. 8
6. 3

2 .9
3. 2

(*)
C)

(*)
(■)

5. 1
5. 6

2. 7
2 .9

D ecem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
D ecem ber
December

5.
4.
1.
4.
3.
2.
4.
5.

( !)
< >
()
( )
( >
(M
< >
(M

5.
2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
4.

5. 1
6. 8
1 .4
3. 7
2. 6
2. 8
.8
4. 3

n

n
C)
o
C)
t 1)
(*)
t )
()

5.
1.
2.
2.
2.
3.
3.
5.

4. 0

(>
(*)
2 .4
(*)
( )
(*)
4. 2

1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Decem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
D ecem ber
Decem ber

1968______________
1967 ___ ___ __ _
----- _
1966—
1965______________
19 6 4 ________
1963 ---------------------1962 ---------------------1961 ___ _______

0
7
2
6
1
8
6
3

5
9
6
3
8
5
4
9

1 Data do not m eet publication criteria.

NOTE: Previously published indexes for the Salt Lake City area used D ecem ber I960 as the base
period.
They can be converted to the new base period by dividing them by the corresponding index
numbers for D ecem ber 1967 on the Decem ber I960 base period as shown in the table.
(The result
should be multiplied by 100.)

2
8
8
7
6
1
1
1

3. 5

4. 4
7. 1
1. 7
3. 8
2. 7
2 .4

A .

O

c c u p a t i o n a l

T a b le A -1.

e a r n i n g s

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , S a lt L ak e C ity , Utah, N o v e m b e r 1970)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
i

Average
weekly

pu pa tion , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

130

135

Middle range2
(standard)

—

u n d er
65

$
140

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12 0

125

1 30

$

%

$

150

160

170

-

—

-

180
and

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

4
2
2

11
2
9

13
13

9
9

8
5
3

1
1

-

1
1

4

i

-

8

-

-

4

i

-

8

“

~

2
2

2
1

-

-

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

4 0.0
40.0

139.00
1 36.00

;„ .. o
137.00

1 2 8 .0 0 1 2 8 .0 0 -

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

4 0.0
40.0

126.50
124.00

1 26.50
1 2 1 .0 0

10
5

1 06 .50 -1 42 .00
1 05 .00 -1 45 .00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS)

62.5 0-

---------------------

148.00
144.00

81.50

WOMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

38
33

38.0
38.0

90.00
90.00

83.50
82.50

7 6 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
7 5.50-117.50

8IL LE RS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

44
38

39.5
39.5

83.50
80.50

78.50
7 7.50

7 4.0 07 3.5 0-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

72
72

40.0
40.0

106.50
106.50

104.50
104.50

9 8 .5 0 9 8 .5 0 -

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

62
51

3 9.5
3 9.0

83.00
83.00

83.0 0
83.0 0

7 8 .0 0 7 9 .0 0-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

122
36
86

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 19.00
114.00
1 2 1 .0 0

118.00
102.50
119.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

278
41
237

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

90.00
1 0 2 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

8 8 .0 0
103.50
85.50

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS 8
NONMANUFACTURING —

102
92

39.5
39.5

79.00
78.00

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

40
39

39.5
39.5

CLERKS, ORDER ----------NONMANUFACTURING

34
30

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------NONMANUFACTURING

1
1

5
5

3
2

5
5

8
8

1
1

11
11

115.50
115.50

87.50
87.50

9
5

12
10

4
3

6
6

4
4

15
14

93.00
91.00

5
5

18
18

16
12

14
14

-

-

15
15

3
3

5
5

4
-

15
15

1
1

2
2

4
4

9
9

1
1

6
6
“

3
3
-

14
9
5

2
1
1

5
2
3

7
7

25
2
23

4
3
1

50
50

37
37

46
8
38

9
6
3

20
6
14

13
5
8

8
7
1

11
2
9

4
4

5
1

7
5

1
1

1
1

4
4

12
12

31
31

17
3
14

80.00
7 7.0 0

7 1.5 07 1.0 0-

84.00
83.00

16
16

29
29

6
4

34
33

71.00
71.00

7 1.50
71.5 0

6 4 .5 0 64.5 0-

75.00
74.50

11
11

5
5

15
15

6
5

2
2

39.5
39.5

89.50
90.5 0

93.5 0
9 5.00

7 4.0 06 9 .5 0 -

98.50
99.00

4
4

4
4

61
41

40.0
39.5

106.50
107.50

1 0 0 .0 0
107.00

9 1 .5 0 9 2 .5 0 -

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING -

97
94

39.5
39.5

85.00
85.0 0

85.00
86.00

7 4.0 07 5 .0 0 -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING

99
86

3 9.0
39.0

1 06.00
105.00

102.50
1 0 1 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 9 3 .5 0 -




4
4

-

9
9

9 9.5 0-13 6.0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 12 .50 -1 37 .00
8 0 .5 0 100.00 7
9 4 .5 0 112.50 7 8 .5 0 - 93.50
7

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s,

5
5

4
1

118.00
119.00
95.00
95.50
114.50
113.50

8
8

1
1
4
2

1
1
10
9

8
7

8
8
8
8

5
5

10
10

3
3

l
1

~

7
-

13
12

6
1

15
15

4
3

1
1

4
4

20
20
13
13

2
5
5

11
11
13
13

21
19

8
7

1
1

6
6

1
1

7
3

9
6

2
-

7
7

1
1

4
4

1

1
1
6
5

8
7

2

1
1

-

6
6

8

T able A-1.

Office occupations—men and w o m e n -----Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , S a lt L a k e C it y , Utah, N o v e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
dard)
Number
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in gs of—
$

Average
weekly

$
60

$

t

$

$

S

t

$

i

*

s

$

t

s

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S

$

*

$

t

$

(standard)

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

65

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

24
14
10

22
10
12

A
2
2

22
2
20

4
2
2

2

-

~

”

3
“
3

3

“

3

~
~

-

-

1
1

_
“

73
19
54
12

36
5
31
6

9
9

and
under

WOMEN - CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

28 0
51
22 9

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
90.00
97.00
88.50

$
86.50
97.00
84.00

$
$
8 1 .0 0 - 98.00
9 2.0 0-10 2.0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 94.00

9
9

8
1
7

23
23

19
2
17

70
70

37
A
33

30
14
16

MESSENGERS (O FFI CE GIR L S) ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

41
40

4 0.0
40.0

75.00
75.00

71.50
71.0 0

66.0 06 6 .0 0 -

84.00
84.00

8
8

11
11

7
7

1
1

6
5

5
5

1
1

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

613
177
436
176

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
40.0

120.00
122.00
119.00
125.50

118.00
121.50
1 17.50
124.00

1 01 .00 -1 35 .50
1 00 .50 -1 41 .00
1 01 .00 -1 33 .50
1 00 .00 -1 48 .50

-

-

-

9
~
9
8

18
2
16
4

26
12
14
4

56
20
36
20

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

50
43

40.0
40.0

123.00
123.50

121.50
121.50

105.00 -1 38 .00
107.00 -1 35 .00

-

-

-

-

A
“

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S -------------------------

91
83
35

39.5
39.5
40.0

123.00
122.50
132.50

117.50
116.50
133.50

1 03 .50 -1 37 .50
1 03 .00 -1 35 .00
103.00 -1 66 .00

*

-

5
5
A

3
3

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S -------------------------

198
69
129
54

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

130.50
128.00
132.00
142.50

130.00
124.50
131.00
137.50

1 15 .50 -1 43 .00
1 03 .50 -1 49 .00
1 1 8 .50 -1 41 .50
129 .50 -1 56 .00

_
-

-

3
3
-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S -------------------------

274
93
181
77

39.5
4 0.0
39.0
4 0.0

1 10.50
117.00
107.00
111.00

1 04.00
115.00
101.00
99.50

92.5 0-12 4.5 0
9 5.50-136.00
9 1.50-120.50
9 1.00-131.00

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S --------------------------

2 39
64
175
66

39.5
40.0
3 9.5
40.0

1 05.00
96.0 0
1 08.00
127.50

1 00.00
96.00
1 07.00
1 22.50

8 7.00-121.50
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 09 .00 -1 59 .00

5
5

1
1
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

24 2
91
151

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

112.50
112.50
1 12.50

109.50
112.50
106.50

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 02 .50 -1 25 .00
9 6.0 0-12 5.0 0

_
-

2
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

78
75

39.5
39.5

83.00
82.50

78.0 0
77.50

7 1 .5 0 71.5 0-

94.00
92.50

7
7

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

129
38
91

3 9.5
40.0
39.5

91.50
92.50
91.00

91.00
91.5 0
90.50

8 3 .5 0-10 1.0 0
8 4 .5 0 - 99.00
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

-

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

74
65

4 0.0
40.0

95.00
95.50

96.0 0
96.00

9 0 .5 091.0 0-

99.50
99.50

_

TY PIS TS, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

161
53
108

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

93.00
105.50
87.00

90.50
106.50
85.50

8 1.5 0-10 1.0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 93.50

-

TY PIS TS, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

145
38
107

39.0
40.0
39.0

84.00
84.00
84.50

83.00
82.50
83.50

7 7 .0 0 76.5077.50-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le s ,




91.00
90.50
91.50

-

-

*

-

-

-

1
1

-

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

28
11
17
6

47
8
39
10

60
15
45
13

24
7
17
5

A9
13
36
15

30
12
18
11

46
20
26
13

23
10
13
7

26
9
17
16

21
3
18
14

10
3
7
A

5
5

-

5
5

9
9

_

5
5

2
2

6
5

_

-

-

1
-

3
2

i
i

20
20
8

5
5

6
A
-

12
12
4

7
6
-

3
2
-

6
5
3

2
-

3
3
3

4
A
3

7
6
5

5
5
5

2
2
-

11
2
9
1

8
1
7
2

16
4
12
-

21
8
13
8

15
3
12
3

22
3
19
9

18
4
14
9

22
7
15
7

10
7
3
2

7
A
3
3

13
2
11
7

6
3
3
3

-

1
1
1
-

“
31
8
23
8

~

_

-

1

-

1

2
2
-

7
5
2
“

"

16
11
5
~

8
8
8

17
2
15
4

24
10
14
4

40
11
29
16

25
5
20
8

28
8
20
4

15
3
12
1

14
8
6
4

14
4
10
2

23
6
17
5

6
3
3
2

16
9
7
3

8
6
2
2

15
12
3
3

9
3
6
2

11
3
8
8

7
7
-

7
7

27
27
”

35
21
14
6

19
7
12
A

19
16
3
“

21
10
11
3

11
6
5
5

17
1
16
10

2
2
*

31
31
11

14
14
4

“

-

-

8
8
8

15
15
15

-

_

1

32
9
23

19
6
13

34
13
21

25
3
22

34
27
7

13
3
10

12
6
6

12
9
3

16
7
9

20
1
19

2

2
2

2

1

6
2
A

5
5

*

5
5

7
7

17
17

14
14

1
1

8
8

7
6

1

1
“

5
5

8
8

1
1

-

-

_
-

10
2
8

11
5
6

17
3
14

22
6
16

31
11
20

4
3
1

15
1
14

13
4
9

2
1
1

_
~

~

1

1

5
A

2
2

B
7

16
16

25
24

1
“

8
6

7
6

-

“

“

14

34
3
31

15
2
13

7
3
4

7
6
i

12
7
5

2
2

5
5

6
6

1
1

23

18
9
9

1
1

14

15
8
7

23

-

1
~
1

-

9

20
7
13

20
9
u

37
7
30

19
6
13

19
A
15

12
A
8

3

A
4

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

9

3

1

-

_

*

“

-

2
2

”

~

2

~

2

~

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

2
2

-

-

-

“

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , Salt L ak e C ity , Utah, N o v e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly

s
85

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

$

i

90

95

$

100

*
105

t

110

115

$

120

$
130

$
140

i

150

$

t

160

170

*
180

$
190

s

200

$

210

s

220

s

%

2 30

240

and
u n d er
95

100

105

n o

115

120

130

140

150

25

90

250
and

10

21

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2

2

230

240

250 o v e r

M
EN

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASo D
NONMANUFACTURING

80
73

39.5
39.5

$
133.00
133.00

130.50
130.00

$
$
1 24 .00 -1 46 .50
1 23 .50 -1 46 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

27

39.5

115.00

117.00

1 05 .00 -1 30 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS
BUSINESS, CLASS A

33

40.0

200.00 1 9 0 . 0 0

169 .50 -2 20 .00

39*5

176.50
167.00

182.00
172.50

1 5 0 .00 -2 05 .00
1 39 .50 -1 89 .00

68

"n
0•

166 00
162.50

164.00

1 5 4 .0 0 1 51 .00 -

178.50
174.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
hANuf- AC TUR ING —

60
68

40.0
4 0.0

137.00
131.00

133.00
128.50

1 2 3 .0 0 1 20 .00 -

154.00
147.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C

26

4 0.0

122.00 1 2 7 . 5 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 -

137.00

22
1

2

18

2
1

3

8

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS
NONMANUFACTURING

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




8
8

16
16

11
11
10
8

27

14

21

12

2
1

16
13
14
14

1

10
1

1

_

_

_

10
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , S a lt L a k e C it y , U tah, N o v e m b e r 1970)
Average

Average
Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------—
CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------CLERKS, FILE, CL AS S C --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

4*

3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0

38

3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0

73
73

4 0 .0

107.00

4 0 .0

3 9 .5

51

3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

170
48

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 4.50
122.50

122

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 2.00

308
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
10 3.50

266

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

92

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

40
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

102

118
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

115.50
113.50

73
25
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

115.00
115.00
115.00

C O MP TO ME TE R O P ER AT OR S --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

97
94

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0




75

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

129

3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0

38
91

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

74
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

165
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
107.50

108

4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

145
38

3 9 .0

8 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NT IN UE D
$
106.00
1 0 5.00

KE YP U N C H OPERATORS, CLASS A -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

99
86

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

284

4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0

51
233
71

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
105.50

84
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0

624
181

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

443
183

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

M E SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS ) N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------SE CR ET AR IE S ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

7 4 .0 0

121.00
1 2 3.00
120.00
128.00

SECRETARIES, CL AS S A -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

50
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

123.00
123.50

SECRETARIES, CL AS S b -----------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S -------------

91

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

123.00
122.50
132.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

205
73
132
57

4
4
4
4

1 3 2.5
129.5
134.0
146.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

278

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------

244
64
180
71

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NIOR ------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

242
91

125.50

31

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e at en d o f t a b le s

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

78

8 3 .0 0

107.00

62

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

of

8 5 .0 0

83
35

93
185
81

151

0
0
0
0

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

1 1 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

117.00
108.50
114.00

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

106.00
9 6 .0 0
109.50

4 0 .0

112.50
112.50

T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

107

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS
C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

92

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

132.00

82

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

42
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

106.00
103.00

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------

33

2 0 0.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

79
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

175.00
165.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

88
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

166.50
162.50

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

62
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

137.50
131.00

DR AFTSMEN, CLASS C ---

27

12 2.00

133.00

129.50

4 0 .0

SWITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R - R EC EP TI ON IS TS M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

*

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL A S S B ------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

- C O NT IN UE D

Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

o

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL AS S A ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

41
36

Average

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKK EE PI NG
MACHINE) -----------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

Number
of

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

112.50

o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ----------- ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

o

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

11

T a b le

A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e

and

p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S a lt L a k e C i t y , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1970)

Number of workers receiving straight- time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings^

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

*

*

U n d e r2 *90
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

*
and
2 . 9 0 under
_______ 3 . 0 0

*

*

-

-

3.10

3. 20

-

-

I

$

$

*

S

5

t

$

$

I

t

3 ,2 0

3 ' 003 ,1 0

3 ,3 0

3 ,4 0

3 ,5 0

3 ,6 0

3 ,7 0

3 * 80

3 ,9 0

4 * 00

4 ,1 0

* * 20

4 * 30 4 , 4 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 . 3q 3 . 4 0

3. 50

-

4

3

1

-

*
*

4

3

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

t

-

-

i

4 ,5 0

%

4 ,6 0

- a n d

3 . 6 0 3 . 7 0 3 . 8 0 3 , 9 0 4 . 0 0 A . 10 A . 20 4 . 3 0 4 . AO 4 . 5 0 4 . 6 0

over

HN
E
CAR N R M IN E A C ---------------PE TE S, A T N N E
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ----------------------O M N F C U IN
PU
BLIC UTILITIES -------------------ELECTRICIANS, M IN E A C ------------A TNNE
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G

75
41
34
30

$
3.93
4. 00
3. 84
3.79

$
3.92
3.97
3.84
3.84

$
$
3 . 8 4 - 3.98
3. 93 - 4.22
3 . 7 8 - 3.88
3 . 8 1 - 3.88

-

_

102
90

4.14
4. 12

4.08
4.08

4.034.03-

4. 24
4. 24

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

E G EERS, STA N RY -------------------N IN
TIO A

27

3.73

3. 88

3.19-

4.18

-

5

H
ELPERS, M IN E A C T A E ---------A TNNE R DS
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G

110
100

3.38
3.40

3.36
3.37

3.333.33-

3.43
3.46

2

*

M IN
ACH ISTS, M IN E A C ---------------A TNNE
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G

78
76

4. 10
4. 10

4. 08
4. 08

4.034.03-

305
44
261
235

4.34
3.59
4.47
4.49

4.53
3.64
4. 54
4. 55

4.283.074.514.52-

4.57
3.99
4.58
4. 58

M C A IC M IN E A C -----------------E H N S, A T N N E
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G

111
95

3. 96
3. 94

3.96
3.96

3.913.91-

4.05
4.02

PIPEFITTERS, M IN E A C --------------A TNNE
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G

59
59

4. 09
4. 09

3.99
3.99

3.953.95-

4.25
4.25

_

“

S ee fo o tn o te s

a t en d o f t a b l e s .




1

-

2

1

7
1

-

1

-

1

-

72
69

8
8

1
1

1
1

_

“

_

16
16
“

-

8
8
8
-

4

4

4
8
8
~

_

-

3
3
3

1

8
8

16
16
—

10
10

48
41

6
6

27
26

-

-

8

3

1
1

1
1

1

4

13
13

6
6
10
10

-

-

29
29

4. 24
4.24

M C A IC A T M T E
E H N S, U O O IV
(M IN N N E -----------------------------A TE A C )
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ----------------------O M N F C U IN
PU LIC UTILITIES -------------------B

4

_

1
1
1

25
1
24
24

8
*
“

2
2
1
-

_

10
10

1
1

_

-

-

_
_

-

5
1

-

-

-

-

30
30

-

37
35

-

1
1

-

-

1
1
4
4

1
-

*

2
2
-

10
6
4
3

10
10
-

7
2
5
2

6
6
“

1 201
2
1 199
- 196

19
19
18

54
54

11
11

1
1

_

2
2

-

18
11

-

*

32
32

*

-

27
27

-

”

-

1 2

T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d oh an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , S a lt L a k e C it y , U tah, N o v e m b e r 1970)
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f —

s

$
1 .7 0

1.8 0

1.9 0

S
2 .0 0

$
2.1 0

$
2 20

*
2.3 0

$
2 .40

2.5 0

s
2.6 0

$
2 .7 0

*
2 .8 0

$
3 .00

$
3.2 0

t
3 .40

$
3.6 0

*
i
3.8 0 4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

S
4.4 0

1.6 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

$
1 .6 0

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2.0 0

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2 30

2.4 0

2 .50

2.6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .20

3.4 0

3 .60

3.8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0 over

*

”

“

1

_

5

“

6

*

1

3

7

8

10

26

~

-

15

389

114

27

39

53

18

16

12

12

38

6

8

24

_

-

_

24

17

16

26
18
8

28

114

23
11
12

8
8

13
13

22

20

$
1 .5 0

Number
of
workers

Mean ^ Median^

Middle range ^

i

i

and
u n d er

$
4 .6 0
and

M
EN
$

$

$

$

67

3 .2 7

3.5 3

3 .0 3 -

3.6 6

848

59

1 .9 3
2.6 1
1 .8 5
2 .9 4

1 .7 2
2.5 7
1 .6 9
2.8 5

1 .6 5 2 .1 7 1 .6 4 2 .5 9 -

2.1 0
2 .9 6
1.9 7
3.3 5

2 .4 1 -

3.6 9

21 3

3 .0 5
3 .8 6

3.1 9
2 .9 5
4 .3 4

2 .3 8 •OD

4 .3 0
* 1

201

2.7 0

2.7 7

1

L
*

2 .4 0 • 3

3.0 5
•

2.2 1

2 .2 4

1 .8 3 -

2.4 0

2.9 0

O OO

2 .5 9 -

3.1 5

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

r U1 wav# U 1 1 L i 1 1 L J
3

ORDER

1
1

FILLERS -------------------------------------------

r ft U1, L KJ | j l 11 rr 1 Nv " 1

32

15

33

25

12
8
8

26
-

-

-

4

_

34

11

12

14
14

5

21
8
21
18

32

25

79

31

28
18

21

79

23

4

13

19

19

18

15
8

32

85

25
1
rUuLIU U 1 I2 1 1 1 L o
L
9

24

8

7

*"
■
3 .0 0

I?
37

10

3 .1 7

---------------------------------------------

963
173
790
392

3 .2 9
3 .2 4

3.2 3
3.1 8
3.2 6
3.8 8

n/

3 * fJ
:
*

w.

3 .2 3

TRUCKDRIVERS,

LIGHT

2.9 9
j. af

1

3.3 4

3.6 3

2 .6 6 3 .1 1 2 .4 8 3 .0 6 -

3.9 6
3 .4 5
4.0 9
4.4 5

^
2. '7

13

2 .5 7 2 .4 1 2 .4 1 -

3.4 3
4 .4 1
4.4 5

'
9

_

8

25

38

20

9

12

16

87

11

“

8
-

25
16

38
24

20
12

8

12
12

16

“

83
16

-

1
MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

-

-

-

-

6

187

i

8
5

27
1
26
4

4

105
21
84
1

5

3

1

7
__
vT
11

0

1

l

2

2

98

78

64

27

123

17

37
9

63
31

24
21

21
4

115
50

11
“

8

4 .4 2

“

185
184

0

1

16

1

21

8
8

3
3

34

1

TO

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

471
d 3

8
-

-

24

36

20

8

24
16

38

20

8

2.9 7
8
12
8
ill
12

7 '
-

70

-

1
5

2
2

*7
49

15

1
26
8

2
2

2

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
IKA1LLK 1T r L 1

50
50
50

133

7

133
133

7

-

47
45
45

50
50

.U f
TRUCKDRIVERS,

-

(UNDER
2 .8 5

TRUCKDRIVERS,

1

U

_

d
m

3 .3 3 -

PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ----------------------------

36

3.0 0

3 .1 9
3 .5 2

3 .0 5

57
57

1

.

3.1 8

TRUCKDRIVERS

2 .9 2 -

*

a i
3*Z3

_

-

80

35
34

8
*

2 .9 9

9

-

_

f

a

3.3 4
1

_

31

64

'

39

-

1

HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
97

3 .3 4

3 .1 8

3 .1 4 -

3.4 5

2
8

111

3 .0 1

2.9 6

2 .9 1 -

3.1 7

183
181

1 .6 9

1.6 6
1 .6 6

1 .6 3 1 .6 3 -

1.6 9
1.6 9

1

55

5

6

6
11

45

8

63

19

WOMEN
JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s




_

152
152

21
21

1

_

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

i

_

6

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

13

B .

E

T a b le

s t a b l i s h m

B -1.

e n t

M in im u m

p r a c t i c e s

en tra n c e

a n d

s u p p l e m

e n t a r y

s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

w

a

g

e

p r o v i s i o n s

o ffic e w o rk e r s

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , S a lt L a k e C i t y , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 4

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d v e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

40

---------------------------------------------------

109

38

XXX

71

XXX

109

38

XXX

71

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m -------------------------

37

12

12

25

19

54

18

18

36

27

U n d e r $ 6 0 .0 0 ____________________________________________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 —
---------------------------------------------$ 6 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 ____________________________ ________
$ 6 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------------$ 7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ----------- ------------------------------------ —
$ 7 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 - -----------------------------------------------------$ 7 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _ _ ___________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 ______________________________________
---------------------------------------$ 8 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 -------$ 8 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 _ _ _ --------------------------------------------------$ 8 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 .0 0 ------------ ---------------------------------------$ 9 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0 --------------------------------------------------------$ 9 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 .0 0 ----------------------- ------------------------------$ 9 5 .0 0 a n d o v e r --------------------- ---------------------- -------- — -----------

1
3
8
1
2
7

_

_
-

_
5
1
1
5
2
1
1

_
4
1
1
2

2

4
7
2

1
7
2

3

2

1
2
1

4
1
1
2
4
1
2
1

-

-

1
2

2
4
11
2
4
7
6
4
2
2
1
1
1
2
5

_

1
1
1
2
1
2
-

1
3
5
1
1
6
2
1
1

1
1

1
1

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s tu d ie d —

2
2
2
1

3
1
1
1
2
1
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
2

-

-

1

-

1
1
2

-

1

3

3

4

6

5

4

3

1
1
-

1
_
1
-

_

-

1
1
4

-

1
4

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------------

16

6

XXX

10

XXX

26

11

XXX

15

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ___________________________________________________

56

20

XXX

36

XXX

29

9

XXX

20

XXX

S ee fo o tn o te s

at en d o f t a b l e s .




14




T a b le B - 2 .

S h ift differen tials

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e and a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
S a lt L a k e C i t y , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1970)

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r la t e s h i ft s

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g o n la t e s h i ft s

S e c o n d s h ift

T o t a l _______________________________________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft

S e c o n d s h i ft

8 1 .7

6 4 .3

1 4.7

-

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

4 .8

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t -----------

3 .5

0 .2

-

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on la t e s h i f t -----------------

7 8 .2

6 4 .3

1 4 .4

4 .8

U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ____________________

6 3 .9

5 2 .9

1 2 .7

4 .7

5 c e n t s _______________________________________
8 c e n t s _______________________________________
10 c e n t s ______________________________________
11 c e n t s —------------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s ______________________________________
14 c e n t s ______________________________________
15 c e n t s — -------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s ______________________________________
18 c e n t s _______________________________ ____
21 c e n t s ______________________________________
22 c e n t s ______________________________________
30 c e n t s ______________________________________

5 .0
1 4 .9
2 7 .2
2 .8
7 .3
1 .4
4 .0
1 .2
-

1 1 .2
2 0 .9
1 2.6
1 .4
2 .8
4 .0

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e ----------------------------------------

7 .6

6 .1

1 .2

-

5 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
10 p e r c e n t - __________________________________

7 .6

-

1 .2

-

-

6 .1

-

-

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ---------------------

5 .3

2 .6

.2

-

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________

1.5

2 .7

.4

.1

T y p e and a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l :

S ee fo o t n o t e s

at end o f t a b le s .

-

.5
3 .6
4 .9
.4
2 .5
.3
.4
-

-

.5
.4
3 .0
.3
.2
.4

15

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S a lt L a k e C i t y , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

__________________

100

100

35 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 l / z h o u r s ------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s -------------------- -- -------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V 2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ------------------------------40 h o u r s ___ _________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ______________________
4 8 h o u r s ________________________________________ ____
54 h o u r s _ --------------- -----------------------------------------------------

2
1
6

2
3
2

A l l w o r k e r s ______ ____ _____

S ee fo o tn o te

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

-

85
1
5

88
6

(9 )

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

-

98
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

100

1
3
7

-

-

A l l in d u s t r ie s

(9 )
89
(9 )

1
99
(9 )

100
-

-

16

T a b le B - 4 .

Paid holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , S a lt L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v e m b e r
P la n t w o r k e r s

1970)

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s — ___________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

94

100

99

95

100

10

6

-

1

5

-

1
2

_

_

_

_

3
29
2
37

2
4

1
10
1

8

41
36
3
3

80
5
7

-

-

N u m ber o f days
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s _________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s __ ___________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________ ________
8 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
9 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
10 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________

27
1
39
2
16
1
2

-

-

73
-

11

18
3
1

10

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
3
19
20
59
60
87
89
89
90

1
4
23
23
60
61
90
94
94
94

10
10
21
21
94
94

-

(!)
(9 )

9
(9 )
64
2
12
3
3
3
2

-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 10
lOVz d a y s _______________________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
872 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________ ___
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e __________________________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s




a t en d o f t a b l e s .

98
100
100
100

2
8
11
23
25
89
89
98
98
98
99

_
3
6
42
42
83
85
94
95
95
95

_

7
7

12
12
92
92
100
100
100
100

17

T a b le B - 5 .

Paid vacations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , S a lt L a k e C i t y , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
93
6

100
86
14

100
90
10

100
99
( 9)

100
99
1

100
99
1

1

~

-

-

1
13
1
1

3
12
4
2

-

-

1
41
3

80
19
1

76
24
-

41
58
1

( 9)

66
31
2
1

35
2
61
2

44
2
50
4

43

5
1
91
1
2

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t______________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------

-

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

-

34
-

50
-

-

-

80
20
-

-

18
77
5
-

11
84
5

1
-

57
-

7
1
91
1

8
2
81
3
4

100

1
98

92

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

-

4
1
92
1
2

8
2
81
3
4

_

1

-

-

3
92
_

_
100
_

5

-

2
1
86
1
9

4
2
70
3
19

1
_

2
_

_

82
1
16

56
3
39

2
42
2
50
3
1

4
36
4
47
7
2

1
26

2
11

(9)
66
6
1

( 9)
80
2
5

36
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------- — --------------------------------------------

-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

99
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

3
-

-

100

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

100
-

98
1

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k —_________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

_
94
6

_
99
_
(9)

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________ _
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______________________ _

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




_
23
77
-

_
16
_
84
-

18

T a b le B - 5 .

P aid v a catio n s-----C o n tin u ed

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , S a lt L a k e C i t y , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

4
15
-

23
77
-

i
20
3
69
1
6
1

2
7
80
3
2
5

14
86
*
-

4
83
14
"

1
15

( 9)
64
i
8
1

4
9
66
3
15
2

( 9)
67
1
14
1

2
2
64
3
24
5

4
~
88
8

2
23
37
1
31
1
4

4
9
35
4
36
3
8

4
28
63
6

1
15
28

2
2
25

(9)
51
1
4

(9)
60
5
6

4
25
71
-

2
23
36
1
22
1
15

4
9
35
3
20
3
25

1
15
25
38
2
20

2
2
24
40
5
26

42

2
23
36
1
22
1
15

4
9
35
3
20
3
25

1
15
25

2
2
24

4
16

2
23
36
1
22
1
15

4
9
35

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11---- C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------- ----------------------- —
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s —------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

2
32
( 9)
61
1
3
1

69
3
7
2

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — ------------------ -----------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

2
23

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------- -----------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

(9)

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________ _____________ — -

4
21
51
-

24

4
16
37
-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________ ________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------- ------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------5 w e e k s _______________________________________________

-

4
21
48
-

27

-

-

-

-

38
1
21

40
5
26

36
43

1
15
25
-

2
2
24
-

4
16
-

38
1
20

40
5
26
_

-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------- -------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
_________ _____ _
_
6 w e e k s _ ___________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s _____________________ ____ __________

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e s .




( 9)

3
20

3
25
-

4
21
48
24

3
"

( 9)
1

-

_

36
_
43
(9)

19

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , S a lt L a k e C i t y , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1 970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fi n a n c in g 12

A ll w o r k e r s .

. — . .

-----------

O ffic e w o rk e rs

A l l in d u s t r ie s

—

— -

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w ------------------L if e i n s u r a n c e . . .
- ...
. . .
N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s .. . . .
...
----A c c i d e n t a l d e a th and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e - ___ . . . -- -------- ----------------------- - N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___ ____________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 13_____________ _____________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

97

100

94
57

98
51

77
46

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
74

99
62

99
48

100
67

84
42

70
44

74
45

67
31

91
54

82

94

65

90

97

91

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ---------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s ________ ___________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r i o d ) . . . ----------------------- --------------S ic k l e a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ______________________________

51
30

69
46

17
14

34
21

54
41

8
2

36

53

48

64

81

83

24

13

9

15

7

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s ___ _ ___________—
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _________ .
. . -----------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------ -------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s — .
_ ______ —
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e . . _________ ________ .
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------D e n ta l i n s u r a n c e ------------------- ------------------------ ------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------------- .
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ________________ _ ----- --------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _________ _________ ____

96
46
96
46
94
46
88
41
6
6
71
56

100
49
100
49
100
49
98
51
7
4
77
64

100
49
100
49
100
49
94
43
23
23
75
70

99
51
99
51
97
49
98
49
5
3
82
67

100
48
100
48
100
48
100
49
6
5
88
69

S ee fo o tn o te s

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




(9 )
100
51
100
51
100
51
100
51
8
2
82
82

20

F o o tn o te s

A l l o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p l y to t h i s b u l l e t i n .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s.
2
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e t h a n t h e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n t h e r a t e sh o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n t h e h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s t h a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d
w orkw eeks.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e
s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
8
L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d to t h e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l
o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w it h 9 f u l l d a y s a n d no h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on. P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e re cu m u lated .
11
I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s - o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t
tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of an n ual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y
a n d d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t t h e i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12
E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f t h e c o s t i s b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e p l a n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
13
U n d u p lic a te d to ta l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e l y b elow . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
lim it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can b e e x p e c t e d by e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on a n i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h i s p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo l lo w s :

P o s it io n s

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e ( M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f t h e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o ft e n d o n e o n a fa n f o l d
m a c h in e .

o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and fi le s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y sim p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e co n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g l i t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e tc . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

CLERK, ORDER

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e i n t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .




o n th e b a s i s

C la s s A .
In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n
w it h th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t i o n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a ctio n s .

c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o ff ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t io n .
e s f a m i l i a r w it h t h e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
b u t i s n o t r e q u i r e d t o h a v e a k n o w l e d g e o f th e f o r m a l

S in c e th e l a s t s u r v e y in t h is a r e a ,

in to l e v e l s

C L E R K , F IL E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

NOTE:

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g t o
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s a n d l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y i n d ic a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o t h e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s if ic a t io n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c tio n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay b e a s s is te d b y on e o r m o re
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g t h e i t e m s t o m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w it h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d i s c o n t in u e d c o l l e c t i n g

21

d a ta f o r

o ile r s

and

p lu m b e rs .

22
COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e is i n c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

to

record

in t o l e v e l s

o r v e rify

o n th e b a s i s

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r n u m e ric

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

o r p r e s id e n t)

d a ta on

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e an d r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f d a t a t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .
M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .
SECRETARY

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r 1 a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r ia l r e l a t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 00 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or
d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , fu r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; _o£
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv i d u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
(a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
Exclusions
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s ; (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a l l c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y o n in d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

a ll,

a ll,

B

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 1 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
m a c h in e

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k ey p u n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s

C la s s

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r than
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; ^>r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g ; W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l )
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

C la s s

o f a m a jo r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e

23
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n t in u e d

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s t o
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m i t e d t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d e r s p e c i f ic in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e c o m p l e t e b u t r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f i li n g w o r k .

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r it te n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f in i t io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

o n th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m a k e ou t b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m i n g m a il .

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s in g
d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a in i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .
F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y r u n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s l i t t l e o r n o t e s t i n g
o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t io n s a n d w it h fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
l a t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w l e d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a t a w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t i n c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

a s fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

24
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d
A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s fr o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i le n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
ro u tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iff ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c l o s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e le c t r o n ic
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d id e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a i n m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p l ie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o in s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n t h e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s i n it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w it h in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t i n c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

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E L E C T R O N IC

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o l v i n g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l in g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo l lo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
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a s s is t.

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C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,




P r e p a r e s sim p le o r
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

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T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e f o l lo w i n g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d i f y i n g , in s t a l li n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u li n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e f o l l o w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , tu n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o r k i s n o n r e p e t it i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n in g t o th e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b l e a n a l y s i s ; and
th e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a rts .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d o n t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
G r o u n d , v e h i c l e , o r a i r b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t i o n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a t io n a id s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t in g o r r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r ia l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t i n g , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

25
N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) — C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H I N I S T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in
th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g
and t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to fi r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu l l- t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r in g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o li n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a ch ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n eed
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N I C , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y i n v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n is h o r b y p l a c i n g p u tt y o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

26
P IP E F IT T E R ,

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

p i p e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s
in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as re q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r ;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o ls an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

sh ops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l and

d i e m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

G U \RD AND W ATCHM AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
a n d c h e c k o n id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .
ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r ;

stock

s e le cto r; w areh ou se

stock m an )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
t o f i ll in g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b i n a t i o n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (1 Vz t ° a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a il e r typ e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
da ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
tra n s p o rt g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a y e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f tr u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

(fo r k lift)
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s tT h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l l y fo r u s e in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v ic e C o n t r a c t A ct of 1965.
a v a ila b le a t no c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s l a s t f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s show n on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A b ile n e , T e x .
A la sk a
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S t a n d is h , an d T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A m a rillo , T ex .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a .— .C .
S
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B i l l i n g s , M ont.
B il o x i , G u lfp o r t, an d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , an d S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h e y e n n e , Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., an d H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a .— la .
A
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D oth an , A la .
D uluth— u p e r i o r , M inn.— is.
S
W
D u rh a m , N .C .
E l P a so , T ex.
E u gen e, O reg.
F a r g o — o o rh e a d , N. D ak .— inn.
M
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F it c h b u r g — e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
L
F o r t S m ith , A r k .— k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s to w n , M d.— a .—W. V a.
H
P
G r e a t F a l l s , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in ston S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
H a r t fo r d , Conn.
H u n ts v ille , A la .

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e

K n o x v ille , T en n .
L ared o , Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L e x in g to n , K y.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.— a.
V
L y n c h b u rg , V a.
M acon , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a r q u e tte , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S te . M a r ie , M ich,
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh , O c e a n an d S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile , A l a ., an d P e n s a c o la , F l a .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v i l l e , T enn.
N ew L on d on — ro to n — o rw ic h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M ain e
O gden , U tah
O r la n d o , F l a .
O x n a rd — e n tu r a , C a lif.
V
P a n a m a C ity , F l a .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P o r t s m o u th , N .H .— a in e — a s s .
M
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R e n o , N ev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s — o n te re y , C a lif.
M
S a n ta B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
S p r in g f ie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .—
C
H
Conn.
S to c k to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T opeka, K an s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
V a ld o s t a , G a.
V a lle jo — a p a , C a lif.
N
W ic h ita F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in gto n , D e l.— .J . — d.
N
M

T h e e le v e n th an n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t s m e n , an d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, an d C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1 9 7 0 , $ 1.00 a c o p y , f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t of
D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f ic e , W ash in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 , o r an y o f i t s r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f ic e s .




* U. S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1971 O - 432-466 (12 )




A rea W age

Surveys

A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W a ge and H o u r D i v i s i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n te n d e n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u l y 1970_________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970__________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1____________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1970 1—
B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1970 1-----------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A ug. 1970 1 ___________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r th u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -----P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970_________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, Nov. 1970 1 _________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A ug. 1970 1 ______________________ ______
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1 9 6 9 -------------------_---------------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1970_____________________________
C an to n , O h io , M a y 1970 1----------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 ----------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 _________________
C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1970________________________________
C i n c in n a t i , Ohio— y .—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 _________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h io, S e p t . 1969-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1969_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1------------------------------------------------------------D ay ton , O hio, D e c . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1--------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 _________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., F e b . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
F o r t W o rth, T e x . , O c t. 1969___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1970 1----------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1970----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1969___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970---------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1970 1_________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1970 1_______
H
N
L i t t l e R ockH N orth L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1970 1____
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d . , N ov. 1 9 6 9 * ______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1970 1 _________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N ov. 1969 1 ___________________
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1 _______________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1__________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1 _____________

B u lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1685-18,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1685-21,
1685- 1 1,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1665- 1,

35
30
40
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
45
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45
40
35
35
40
30
35
50
50

cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and sup plem en tary w a g e provisions are also presented .




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., J u n e 1970 1____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1970 1____________
New H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1970 1_________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 * ___________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1970_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, S e p t . 1970 1_______________________
P a t e r son — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 * _________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N ov. 1969 1___________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1970 1 ____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1970_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1970 1___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R .I .— a s s . ,
W
M
M a y 1 9 7 0 _______________ ____________________________ * __
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 1_____________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
A u g . 1970_______________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 ______________________________
St. L o u i s , M o.—
111., M a r . 1970_________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah, N ov. 1969 1----------------------------S a n A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1970___________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r side— n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
D a c . 1969_______________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1970___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1969 1--------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g. 1970_____________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1970 1---------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1 _____________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1970---------------------------E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t. 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1970 1----------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 -----------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------T a m p e r-S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N ov. 1970--------------------T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , F e b . 1970--------------------------------T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 _____________________________
U tic a— o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
R
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1969 1-------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1970 1--------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 -------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1 --------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1__________________________________
Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1969 1--------------------W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
75 c e n t s

1660-59,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
60 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1660-72,
1685-12,
1660-65,

30 c e n t s
35c e n t s
40 c e n ts

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1660-43,
1685-20,
1660-33,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685- 17,
1660-56,
1685- 15,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35c e n t s
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35c e n ts
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

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