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. J

^

;

Saginaw, Michigan,
Metropolitan Area
November 1977

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-59
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
cc

rQV\

o.

, &.v C




Saginaw

Saginaw

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lts o f a N o v e m b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n in g s in the S a gin a w , M ic h ig a n , S ta n da rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis tic a l
A rea.
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It w a s co n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in C h ic a g o , 111., u n d er th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is t a n t
R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n ot h a v e b een
a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t th e c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and
s a la r y data p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T he B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a t io n
r e c e iv e d .




M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in th e p u b lic d om a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e rn m e n t. P le a s e c r e d it the
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s and c it e th e n a m e and n u m b e r o f th is p u b lic a tio n .

Note:
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o ­
v is io n s in th e S a gin a w a r e a is a v a ila b le f o r th e la u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g
in d u s try (N o v e m b e r 1977).

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
January 1978
Bulletin 1950-59

Saginaw, Michigan,
Metropolitan Area
November 1977
Contents

Page

T a b le s :
E a r n in g s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A - l . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f ic e
w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s ­
s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s --------A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f
o f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x -------------A - 4 , H o u r ly e a rn in g s o f m a in te ­
n a n ce , t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s ------------------------A - 5 . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o rke r s ----------------------------------------------A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m a in te n a n ce , t o o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t, m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t, and c u s t o d ia l w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x -------------------------------------------------A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,a d ju s t e d f o r
e m p lo y m e n t s h if t s ,f o r s e ­
le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s --------------

A p p en d ix A ,
A p p en d ix B .

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, G P O
Bookstores, or B L S Regional Offices listed on back cover.




3
4

5

6

6

7

8

S co p e and m e th o d o f
su rvey
9
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------- 13
-

A.

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ich th e U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s and r e la t e d
b e n e fit s . (See lis t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a ch a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a re c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly . In fo r m a tio n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e fit s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E a ch y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h av e b e e n c o m ­
p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a re is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s to g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n ts n a tio n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d a ta , f o r
a ll S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , e x clu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s id e r a t io n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d
to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1) th e le v e l and d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l. T he
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is t r a tio n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is t a n c e in
d e t e r m in in g pla n t lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed b y th e U .S. D e p a r t­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a ge d e t e r m in a tio n s u n d er th e S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A ct
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s t a b le s
T a b le s A - 1 th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . F o r th e 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro u g h A - 13 p r o v id e s im il a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly . D ata a re n ot p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d
m a in te n a n ce w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is t o o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a ft e r e lin im a t io n o f ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y ­
m en t s h ifts a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r t h e r d e t a ils , s e e a p p en d ix A.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e th o d s and c o n c e p t s u se d in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip t io n s
m is t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t io n .

u s e d b y B u re a u fie ld e c o n o ­

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Saginaw, M ich., November 1977
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we e k l y earnings of—
BO

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

90

100

110

120

130

1*0

15 0

160

170

180

190

and

200

90

100

220

2*0

-

-

-

260

2B 0

-

11 0

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

22 o

2*0

260

9
9

3

2
1

o
5

1*

3

10
6

6

300

-

280

30 0

320

3*0

320

360

360

3*0

and
over

ALL W O R K E R S
S E C R E T A k IES --------NONMANUFACTURING

139
56

$
$
$
$
39 . 0 2 6 7 . 5 0 26 6. 00 2 0 9 . 5 0 - 3 2 8 . 0 0
33 . 0 2 1 1 . 5 0 20 9 . 5 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 - 2 * 9 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

5
5

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

5

4

1

1

2

-

-

2

2

1

-

10

8

7

1

9

19
9

17
*

9

14
~

11

6

3

2

-

2

-

*

4

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES.

CLASS 3

23

3 9 . 0 2 4 3 . 0 0 21 9 . 5 0

161.00-337.00

SECRETARIES.

CLASS 0

36

33 . 0

2 2 1 . 0 0 2 2 7. 00

209.00-2*3.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

55
26

* 0 .0

166.00-265.00
164.30-225.50

-

-

_

_

10

-

_

_

-

-

"

2

3

3
-

4

1

3
*

-

4

9
2

5

-

1
1

8

-

2
2

4

-

7
7

3

39.5

2 1 2 . 5 0 2 2 4. 50
1 9 4 , 0 0 18 0. 50

-

-

2*

*0. 0

184.0 j 192.00

124.00-231.50

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

5

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

31

39 .5 2 3 1 . 0 J 23 9.00

175.U0-269.5D

-

-

7

2

1

-

3

4

3

4

4

3

-

-

-

1*1.50 1 1 3 . 0 0 - 1 8 3 . 0 0
176.50 1 * D . 5 0 - 2 0 7 . 0 0
12 4. 50 1 1 8 . J 0 - l * 1 . 5 0

-

6
6

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

3
2

1
1

2
2
~

-

-

”

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----NONMANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS.

GENERAL

STENOGRAPHERS.

SE NI OR -------------

-----------

T Y P I S T S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING

39 . 0

-

-

-

*

-

3

10

2

2

5

3

9
9

_

1

4

-

1
1

4

33.5

15 3 . 5 0
177.00
13 3. 50

-

-

2
2

2

6

1
1

T Y PI ST S.

CLASS

A -

19

* 0 .0

1 8 3 . 5 J 1 * 4. 00

12*.00-261.00

-

-

-

3

3

2

2

1

-

1

i

-

-

-

~

3

i

2

-

-

-

TYPISTS.

CL A S S

B -

33

33 .5

13 8. 50

13 3. 50

111.00-155.50

-

6

2

5

6

i

8

1

-

1

*

2

1

1

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

79
71

33 .5 12 9 . 5 0 1 2 0. 5^
33.5 1 2 5 . 0 J 120.50

115.00-126.50
115.00-120.50

-

-

16
16

-

-

~

”

~

-

~

3
3

-

-

2
“

-

-

i
-

1

1

1
1

-

38

5
5

3

-

9
7

38

-

-

-

4

7

3

3

-

-

-

i

1

12

31

2

-

-

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
3

i
i

1
1

-

3
3

i
i

-

1
1

-

-

-

3

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
J

5
5

4

13
7

13
13

1

6

b
3
5

16
16
*

-

-

3

F I L E C L E R K S --------NONMANUFACTURING

57
25
31

-

-

*0. D

8

FI L E C L ER KS .

C L A S S B --------------

19

38 .5

13 3 . 5 0 1 2 5. 50

120.00-139.00

FI L E C L E R K S .

C L A S S C --------------

53

33 .5

1 1 8 . UO 12 0. 50

112.50-120.50

-

-

9

-

17

39 .5

11 6 . 0 0

98.00-105.00

-

12

2

-

-

-

*

-

127.50-169.50
165.30-199.50
110.30-1*9.00

-

2

3

2

5

-

*
-

4

i
3

1

8
8

1

1

O P E R A T O R S ---------------

i

SWITCHBOARD

99 .0 0

-

4

2
1

2

5
5

4

“

_
-

-

9

i

2

3

2

3

3

3

4

-

9

1

2

3

2

3

3

3

8
6
2

12

9

18

25

17

10

2*

ii

1

3

4

16

3
7

7
17

2

13

13

21

12

ii
8
3

6

2

-

-

-

-

1

8

20

10

3

1

7
3

8
3
5

13
13
*

16
16
“

-

-

2
1

-

-

5
5
"

3

-

d
2
6

b
D

-

9
3
6

2

12

11

10

4

3

-

9

-

2

10

1

3

*

*
"

-

10

3
3

*

12

i
3

1
1

2

*

-

-

2

8
3

-

-

-

8
6

1

-

3
6

"

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

-

2
-

1

-

1*
13

1

-

*

-

-

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E RA T OR -R E C E P T I O N I STSM A N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------NON *A NUF A C T U R I N G ------------------

44
22
22

39 .5

2

OR DE R C L E R K S -------------

35

39 .5

1*7.50

1* 6.00

112.00-174.50

-

4

30

39.5

13 7 . 5 0

135.00

112.00-164.00

-

22*
106
113

18 3 . 0 0
21 6 . 5 0
39 .0 1 6 2 . 5 0

165.00
19 8.50
16 1. 00

1*1.50-239.00
150.00-303.00
127.00-185.00

2

* 0 .0

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

132
75
57

39.5 2 2 2 . 5 0 19 1. 50
40 . 0 2 5 1 . 0 0 26 9 . 0 0
39 .0 18 5 . 0 0 18 0. 00

165.00-285.50
184.30-316.50
155.50-191.50

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

92
31
61

39 . 0 13 3 . 5 0 1 3 8. 00 1 1 4 . 5 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0
* 0 . 0 13 2. 50 13 8. 00 1 1 7 . 5 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0
33.5 1 * 1 . 5 0 133.00 1 0 6 . J O - 1 6 * . O J

35
22

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

OR DE R C L E R K S .

CLASS B

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -MANUFACTURING

15 9. 50 15 6.50
* 0 . 0 18 7. 50 16 5. 50
39 . 0 1 3 1 . OJ 13 0.50

39.5

16 9 . 5 0
1 6 7 . 5L

16 3. 00
138.00

136.50-188.50
131.00-193.00

-

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




3

13

3

15

8

12

1

8

3

7

10

10

9
9

-

1

1

6
1*

7

1

1

1

-

1

9

3
3

l
-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Saginaw, M ich., November 1977— Continued
We ek ly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c eivin g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f--S
$
s
$
$
s
*
*
s
s
s
s
dO
90
120
100
110
133
150
160
190
1* 0
170
180

Ave rage
weekly
Middle range 2

Medi an 2

M ean 2

(standard)

$

$

S
200

220

*

*
240

260

s

s

s
300

260

320

s
340

and
under
90

360

and
100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

22 J

240

260

300

280

320

340

360

over

ALL R O K K L R S - CONTINUEO
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S -------------------N 0 N M A N U F A C T 0 R I N 3 -----------------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N 0 N R A N U F A C T U R I N 3 ------------------

$

$

$

$

82

3 9 .5

2 0 0 . 0d

1 8 1.50

1 4 7 .5 0 -2 4 2 .0 0

2

1

29

3 9 .0

1 5 6 .0 0

15 2 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

2

1

6
6

1

6

1

6

65

3 9 .5

18 0 .5 0

39

4 0 . 0

1 9 6 .5

26

3 9 .0

1 5 6 .0 0

J

17 3 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -2 3 1 .5 0

2 3 0 .5 3

-

1 4 7 .5 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 1

2
2

-

4

13

7

2

3

1

2

-

-

-

7
7

1

1

-

1

1

-

9

1 1

3

3

1

1

2

3

3

1

6
6

i
i

1 1

1

2
2

1
-

5

-

1
-

13

-

6

9
2

2

11

1

6

1

1

9
6

i

1

7

-

3

-

_

_
-

-

2

See footnotes at end of tables.

Table A-2.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Saginaw, M ich., November 1977
W ee k ly earnings1
(standard)
Ave rag e
weekl y
hours*
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we ek ly earnings of—
14 0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

30u

320

340

360

360

400

420

440

460

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

3 60

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

and
under
15 0

ALL W O R K E R S
COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS)

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

$
334.00

---

CLASS B —

0 R A F T E R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

258. 0 0 - 3 9 8 . 0 0

28

39.0

272.50

248.

187. 5 0 - 3 5 6 . 5 0

19

39.5

279.50

337,

202 00-350.50

80

40.0 246.00
40 . 0 24 6 . 0 0

246.
246.

178. 5 0 - 2 6 8 . 5 0
178. 5 0 - 2 8 8 . 5 0

40.0 275.00
40. 0 2 7 5 . 0 0

270,
270.

218. , 6 0 - 3 2 0 . 0 0
218. , 5 0 - 3 2 0 . 0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

$
363.

30
30

4 0 . 0 19 8 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 19 6. 5

.

170. . 0 0 - 1 6 4 . 5 0
170. . 0 0 - 1 8 4 . 5 0

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




4

Table A -3 .

A verage w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers

by sex, in S a g in a w , M ic h ., Novem ber 1977
Average
(mean*)
Sex, 3 occupation,

OFFICE

a n d industry division

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d industry division

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S
WOMEN— CONTINUED

WOMEN

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

139
56

39.0
33.0

$
267.50
211.50

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

FILE

CLERKS

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours
[standard) (standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
Wu M E N — C O N T I N U E D

-

- CONTINUED
C ----------------

55

33.5

$
118.00

-----------------

17

39.5

116.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I 0 NI S T S rH il Ur n L 1 Ufx a Hb
i
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

39.5

159.50

22
22

39.0

131.00

ORDER

23

39.0
39.0

133.00

210
92
113

39.5

-

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -------------------------. M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

34
21

40.0
40.0

$
167.00
163.50

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T O R I N G --------------------

82
29

39.5
39.0

200.00
156.00

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R } , C L A S S B -----" A N U i A L 1 J K 1 Ab
t
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

65
39
26

39.5
40.0
39.0

180.50
196.50
156.00

183.00

39.0

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

137.00

27

Number
of
workers

1 6 2 . 5u

SECRETARIES.

CLASS

B -

28

39.0

248.00

SECRETARIES.

CLASS

0 -

36

33.0

221.00

SWITCHBOARD

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

55

2a

40.0
39.5

212.50
194.00

24

40.0

139.00

STENOGRAPHERS.
STENOGRAPHERS.

GENERAL
SENIOR

31

39.5

FILE

CLERKS*

57
26

31

39.0
40.0
33.5

OPERATORS

CLERKS

-----------------------------

231.00
ORDER

T Y P I S T S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

CLASS

153.50
177.00
133.50

CLERKS.

ACCOUNTING

CLASS

CLERKS

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
TYPISTS.

CLASS

A ------

19

8 ------

33

33.5

138.50

79
71

33.5
33.5

129.50
125.00

19

38.5

133.50

FILE

CLASS

CLERKS.

CLASS

8 -

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




-------------------------

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ACCOUNTING

CLERKS,

C l ASS

B ---------

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D
OCCUPATIONS

L U n r J 1t K

40 . 0 1 8 3 . 5U

F I L E C L E R K S --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

TYPISTS.

B ------------------

113
61
57

39.5
40.0
39.0

212.50
237.5J
185.00

92
31
61

39.0
33.5

1 38.50
13^.50
1 4 1 . 5u

UrLKAIU K j

TECHNICAL
- MEN

“"

21

293.00

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

80
80

43.0
40.0

246.0J
246.00

D R A F T E R S , C L A S S 3 ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

45
45

40.0
4 3.0

275.0J
275.00

UlxAr I L K j 1 o L A j

30
30

40.0

198.50
195.53

j

w

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers
in Saginaw, M ich., November 1977
N O T E : Data for maintenance and powerplant w o r k e r s
m e e t publication criteria.

Table A-5.

not

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Saginaw, M ich., November 1977
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4

a . 30 2. 4 0 2.50 2. 6 0 2.70

Occupation and industry division

2.60

3.00

3.20

3. 00

3.20 3.40

3 . 4 0 3. 6 0 3. 80 4. 00 4 . 4 0 4 . 8 0

5. 2 0 5 . 6 0 6. 0 0

o. 40 6. 8 0 7. 20 7. 6 0 3. 00 8. 40

and
unde r

Median*

2.40 2. 5 0 2.60 2. 70 2. 60

ALL

do

3 . 6 0 3. 8 0 4. 0 0 4. 4 0 4 . 8 0 3. 20 5.6-j 6 . 0 Q

6. 40

o.

6

j

7. 20 7.o0 6. 0 0 3. 40 6.80

w o r k e r s

110

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

7.05
7. 51
6. 80

0. 8 0 - 7.51
7. 0 5 - 6.20
5. 5 3 - 6.98

175

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

53
24
34

51
51

51

6.98

6. 9 8 -

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------

15

6. 65

5. 7 0 - 7.70

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------

83

5.70

5 . 1 8 - 7.00

17

6

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S --------------

79

6. 85

6. 8 5 -

7.34

42

23

MATERIAL HANDLING LABO RE RS —

161

7.34

7. 07 -

7.34

7

41

98

G U A R D S AN D W A T C H M E N ----------

270

6.86

2. 5 0 -

7.71

2

3

1

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

528

7.17
3. 29
6.07

6 . 0 7 - 7.17
2. 7 3 - 4.61
5. 45 - 6.07

25

216

121

t r u c k d r iv e r s

.

m e o iu m

tru ck

100

25

7.03

10

10

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




6




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Saginaw, M ich., November 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M ATERIAL

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATIONS
TR U CKDRIVERS

AND
-

Number
of
workers

Averag e
( m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

CUSTODIAL

M ATERIAL

MEN

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATIONS

---------------------------------------------------------------

17A

6 .9 6

109

JAN ITO RS*

-

AND

Number
of
workers

Averag e
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings 4

CUSTODIAL

M EN— C O N T I N U E D

PuRTERS.

A ND

CLEANERS:

7 . Ad

$

9. 09

72

22

5 .R 2

--------

71

5.35

N 0 N - . A N U F A C T U R I N 3 -------------------------------------------

2d

3 .2 1

b . uo

Tr JCKORIWERS.
R E C E IV IN G

CLERKS

----------------

51

6.a3

---------------------------------------------------

15

6• 5 A

MEDIUM

TR UC K

M ATERIAL

MOVEMENT

O CCUPATIONS
WA R E H O U S E M E . . ---------------------------------------------------------------

ai

SH IPPIN G

---------------------------------------------------

75

6 .3 5

D A T C H M E N -------------------------------------------

252

5 .9 9

GUARDS

PACKERS

AND

AND
-

CU STODIAL

WOMEN

5 .9 9
JAN ITO R S.

See footnotes at end of tables.

7

PORTERS.

AND

CLEANERS

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Saginaw, M ich., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group 5

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 1975

N o v e m b e r 1975
to
N o v e m b e r 1976

N o v e m b e r 1976
to
N o v e m b e r 1977

All industries:
Office clerical _
.
_ _
Electronic data processing
Industrial nurses
Skilled ma intenance trades
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s __________________________

7.9

7.2

C>
( )
(6 )
10.1

(‘ )
C)
(6 )
10.2

6.7
(‘ )
(‘ )
(6 )
7.4

Manufacturing:
Office clerical
Electronic data p r o c e s s i n g _______________________
Industrial nurses
Skilled ma in te na nc e trades
_ _
. _
. _
.
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s

(6 )
( )
(‘ )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(‘ >
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

N o n m a n uf ac tu ri ng:
Office clerical
Electronic data processing
Industrial nurses
... ...
...
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s __________________________

(6 )
(6 )
(M
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for wh i c h e m pl oy ee s receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings co rrespond
to these w e ek ly hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d for each job by totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing by
the n u m b e r of workers.
T h e m e d i a n designates position-^— half of the w o r k e r s receive the s a m e or
m o r e and half receive the s a m e or less than the rate shown.
T h e middle range is defined by two
rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn the s a m e or less than the lower of these rates an d a
fourth earn the s a m e or m o r e than the higher rate.




3 Earnings data relate only to w o r k e r s w h o s e sex identification w a s p r o v i d e d by the
establishment.
4 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for Overtime and for w o r k on we ekends, holidays, and late shifts.
5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 197 6 relate to m e n only for skilled maintenance and
unskilled plant workers.
All other estimates relate to m e n and w o m e n .
6 Data do not m e e t publication criteria or data not available.

8

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
U n le s s o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t itle s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ough data
to m e r it p r e s e n ta t io n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t da ta . S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e n o t
p r e s e n te d w hen the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a rn in g s data
n o t show n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a re in clu d e d in data f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a t io n s w ith m o r e than one le v e l,
data a r e in clu d e d in the o v e r a ll c l a s s if i c a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s if ic a t io n is
n ot show n o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s if y is n o t a v a ila b le .

D ata on a r e a w a g e s and re la te d b e n e fit s a r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 -y e a r in t e r v a ls . In e a c h o f the
in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c t e d b y a co m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
ph one in te r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r t ic ip a t in g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a re ob ta in ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r t a tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
the c o n s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a ch
o f the b r o a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a rn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ift s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d . W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f fic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to the sta n da rd
w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a re
rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t ic a l lin e s w ith in the d is tr ib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ica te a ch a n ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re co n d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s is .
The s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s tr a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith e a ch
e s ta b lis h m e n t h av in g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e le c t io n . T o ob ta in op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d .
W hen data a r e c o m b in e d , e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c t io n , so that u n b ia s e d e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x a m p le , if on e ou t o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s th re e o t h e r s . An a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a t io n if data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im il a r to the m is s in g u n it.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t im e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t te r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y ch a n g e , o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e tt e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s . S u ch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e ev e n thou gh m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C h a n ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s ch a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g t y p e s : (1)
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n ce , t o o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s if i c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . In d u s trie s
s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f le c t
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p a y le v e l and jo b
Ohio; Birmingham, A l a . ; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
d if f e r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s
request of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




9

A v e r a g e p a y le v e ls f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh ou ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d if f e r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p a id in cu m b e n ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c if ic d u tie s w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s . J ob d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c i f i c d u ties
pe r f o r m e d .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n ce

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s tr u c t u r e s a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n ts d if f e r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s tr u c t u r e do n ot a ff e c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s

U n s k ille d pla n t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

W a ge tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tr e n d jo b s in b oth the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e f fe c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d b y
f a c t o r s o th e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o f f s , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a ra n ge o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the' b o tt o m o f the ra n g e,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e ch a n g e s b etw een the in d ica te d
d a t e s . W hen the tim e span b etw een s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m o n th s , annual
r a te s a re sh ow n .
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a co n sta n t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u te d
a s f o llo w s :
1. A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T he a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a re in
the s u r v e y b oth y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch a n g e d .
2.

E a c h o c c u p a t io n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in the
base yea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to co m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in ste p 1)
is m u lt ip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p r o d u c ts a r e to ta le d to
ob ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T he ra tio o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
co m p u te d b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T he r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e .

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to co m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f fic e c l e r i c a l

O f fic e c l e r i c a l — C on tin u ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten ograp h ers, gen era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s
A and B
F ile c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s

O rd e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n t in g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e th o d u s e d to co m p u te th e s e
w a ge tr e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1973, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d if f e r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Saginaw, M ich., November 1977

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

Al L

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y 4
W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

17
1

N u m ber

P ercen t

58

4 3 .9 6 6

100

3 8 .5 3 4

-

17
41

3 2 .0 2 8
1 1 .9 3 8

73
27

2 9 .2 1 2
9 .3 2 2

50
50
50
50
50

5
7
37
11
11

5
3
20
6
7

3 .0 2 8
837
5 .7 7 6
1 .3 7 7
920

7
2
13
3
2

3 .0 2 6
531
4 .0 6 3
1 .0 5 0
650

50

j

1 T h e S a g in a w S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y t h e O f f i c e
o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f S a g in a w C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y 1' e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n ­
a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d
in th e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r
e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f
w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e
p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d
in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
H o w e v e r, a ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r ­
a t io n s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m
li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s
1
e s t a b l is h m e n t .




S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d

46
71

D I V I S I O N S -----------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
OTHE R PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E 6 ------------------------------------------------------------RE T A I L T R A D E 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------FI N A N C E . IN SU RA NC E. AND RE AL E S TA TE 6 --------------S E R V I C E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

4 I n c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in
th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r ­
v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
S a g i n a w 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m is
m u n i c i p a l l y o w n e d a n d is e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y .
6 T h is d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n ­
m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta is n o t m a d e
f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v id e
e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n it ia l ly t o
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u t o m o b i le
r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n iz a t io n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g and
a rch ite ctu r a l s e r v ic e s .

1
1




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l
c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th o s e
in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e
in s t r u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ica p p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir h a n d ica p a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s u r v e y e x ce p t f o r t h o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f th e lo w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s io n a l and
t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n auid g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;

E x c lu s io n s

answ ers
p erson s;

N ot a ll p o s it io n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a c te r is tic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e
as f o llo w s :

a . R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
r o u tin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r

a. P o s it io n s
d e s c r ib e d a bove;
b.

b.
c.
in s t r u c te d ;
d.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

do n ot

m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y

con cep t

S te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e a s s is t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­
t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as

s io n a l,

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o r d in a te s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic
accu racy;
f.

w h ich

P e r fo r m s

e. A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
d u tie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a tu r e and d if f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e rou tin e
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e fin itio n s
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h av e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r co m p a n y a c t i v it ie s .
T h e t it le " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s

13

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d
E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d

id e n tify s u ch p o s it io n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r den y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n t s ; d ir e c t ly
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o_r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
le v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

STEN OGRAPH ER
P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g s h o rth a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M ay o p era te fro m a s te n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a l ly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( if p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S ten ograp h er,

keep

G eneral

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S ten ograp h er,

S e n io r

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h .
M ay a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e ch a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l, o v e r
e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fu n ctio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l o f o f fic i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C
1.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a len t to o n e o f th e s p e c if ic l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n
f o r c la s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu r n , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (or o th e r
e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f fic i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
(e .g .,

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E ;
M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)




OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y the
fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u ch as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g
ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e tc .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h i n e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w ritte n
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y s u ch as le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
sh orth a n d o r b y S ten oty p e o r s im il a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h av e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a t s , o r s im il a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lica tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , su ch as
k eep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
T y pin g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w hen it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r plan nin g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

T Y P I S T — C o n t in u e d

ORDER

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y ty pin g f r o m
ro u g h o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .;
o r se ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

R e c e iv e s w ritte n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le . W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g d u tie s : Q uoting p r i c e s ; d e te rm in in g a v a ila ­
b ilit y o f o r d e r e d it e m s and s u g g e s tin g su b s titu te s w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d v isin g
e x p e c te d d e li v e r y date and m e th o d o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r s h e e t s ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu rn is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a ck n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; f o llo w in g -u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y th e s p e c if ie d da te o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e li v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f ile ; c h e ck in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in st o r ig in a l o r d e r .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
sy ste m .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into le v e ls on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s .
M ay a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in co n ju n ctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f ile c l e r k s .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in clu d e
any o f th e fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s ra th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith co n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w le d g e
ga in ed f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g
s k ills ; h an dlin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in te g r a l p a rt o f th e jo b .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H an d les o r d e r s that in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts su ch as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c if ic p r o d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w ill s a t is fy th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to b e q u oted
w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e f e r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r m ak in g
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la t io n s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c la s s if i e d o r w h ich is e a s ily c l a s s if i e d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ifi c a t io n
s y s te m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s re q u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M ay p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C la s s B . H a n d les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h av e r e a d ily id e n ­
t ifie d u s e s and a p p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s im ila r d o cu m e n t to in s u re that p r o p e r ite m is su p p lie d o r to v e r if y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

M ESSEN G ER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r ify in g th e in te rn a l c o n ­
s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e ith e r a m a n u a l o r a u tom a ted a cco u n tin g s y s te m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u se d w ith a p r iv a te
b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ).
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e them on e o p e r a t o r a re
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itch b o a rd
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p t io n is t .

CLERK

T he w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h av e a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia t e p e r s o n
a rra n g in g an

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

s in g le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a cts b oth as
s e e S w itch b o a rd O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's
s u c h d u ties as g r e e tin g v i s i t o r s ; d e te r m in in g n atu re o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a tio n o r co n ta ctin g that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .




are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on th e b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s ­
a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s

15

A C C O U N T IN G

C L E R K — C o n t in u e d

and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c t io n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g
a c tio n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .
C la s s B . U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n tific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d a n d
r e p e tit iv e r e c o r d s o r
a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and co d in g d o c u m e n ts u s i n g
a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith th e s tr u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s to b e u s e d in ea ch p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a
se t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not
in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d er m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c .
M ay ch eck o r a s sist
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e ts f o r th e a cco u n tin g
d e p a r tm e n t.
M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in cid e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and a dd in g m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u te d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u tp m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T he o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n try o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a cc u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o ­
m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
PA Y R O LL CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ;, a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r ch a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f it s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; ed itin g p a y r o ll




PAYROLL

C L E R K — C o n t in u e d

lis t in g s a g a in st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis t in g s ;
and a s s is t in g in p r e p a r a t io n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a r y p a y r o ll r e p o r t s .
In a n o n a u tom a ted p a y r o ll s y s t e m , c o m p u te s w a g e s .
W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o ll p o li c y , o r th e
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o lls .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a k eyp u n ch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r if y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the

b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r co d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k eyp u n ch w o r k .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ich h av e b e e n c o d e d , and f o llo w s s p e c if ie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit tle o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su ch as th e ta b u la to r , c a l c u ­
la t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c .
E x clu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou gh th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e le c t r i c
a cco u n tin g m a ch in e eq u ip m e n t.
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e ls

on th e

b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts
in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich
o fte n a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e plan n in g o f th e n atu re
and s e q u e n cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d e r s p e c if ic in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as
th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s u se d b y
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
C la s s C . U n der s p e c if ic in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u ch as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e tit iv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o r k .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y ST E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C on tin ued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c if ic a t io n s n ee d e d to en a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to be a u tom a ted and id e n tifie s c o n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c if ie s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to be u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p r e s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r ia l ru n s o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t ch a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s te m s a n a ly sts if th is is the s k ill u se d to d e t e r m in e th e ir p a y .)

C la s s C .
W ork s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y . A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and exp an d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g the d e t a ile d s p e c if ic a t io n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly st.

D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly sts a re c l a s s if i e d a s f o llo w s :
C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
co m p 'le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m e n ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f e a ch ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a re in itia te d by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s .
M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r ob ta in in g
eq u ip m e n t.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a s e q u e n ce o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c tio n s w h ich a re r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
W ork in g fr o m
c h a r t s o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in s t r u c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t te r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a r ts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r ts to sh ow o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s t r u c tio n s f o r m a ch in e to f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c tio n ru n; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s te m s a n a ly sts
if th is is the s k ill u se d to d e t e r m in e th e ir pay.)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic da ta p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F or

M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c t io n
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

to

lo w e r

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op erate.
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a re c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a ban k, m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .




w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :

le v e l s y s te m s a n a ly sts
C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W ork in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify
th e n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p la n s the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u tiliz e the
c o m p u t e r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c t s .
A t th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w ide v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a c tio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich ca n be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s to r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a re
a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

COM PU TER OPERATOR-

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a re p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n cin g o f data ca n b e te s te d b y u sin g a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

m a j o r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt tim e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g
sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .

OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A) u n der c lo s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a i r ly c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M ay gu ide o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r if y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
procedu res.

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n ito r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Studies in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m en t in to
c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M ay t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
F or

w a ge

stu dy

pu rposes,

c o m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

f o llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly t e s t e d and in tr o d u c e d ; s ch e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a re o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n tific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the to t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n ru n s , ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; t h e r e is little o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




o n t in u e d

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s t r u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op erator

C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t u se d and
d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a t io n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h aving
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s that d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p re ce d e n ts.
W o rk s in c l o s e s u p p o rt w ith the d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n ge on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f co m p o n e n ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M ay e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a f t e r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a rts f o r
• n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
e
Types o f
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f co m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e ste d m e th o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a re g iven
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s .
In s t r u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C IA N — C o n t in u e d

C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s by p la c in g tr a c in g
clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot
in clu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r im a r ily c o n s is t in g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e tit iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W ork is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c tin g , and te s t in g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n ow led g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill to put eq u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g c o n d itio n .
T h e e q u ip m en t— c o n s is t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in ds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e tit io n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is n ot lim ite d
t o , the f o llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m it tin g and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c la s s if i c a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic
eq u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld ra d io and t e le v is io n
s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s t r u m e n ts ; t e c h n ic ia n s w ho have a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

a re

c l a s s if i e d

in to

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n ced t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that ty p ic a lly ca n n ot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im il a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g su ch
ta s k s as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a ve f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in stru m e n ts ( e .g ., du a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n b e s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n ce and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and te s t in g in s t r u m e n ts , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than th o s e u se d b y the
c l a s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c if ic c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n t s .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s su ch
ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su ch a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d to b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
tr a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n ce to h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n ce d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v ic e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g to s u b seq u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ealth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f pla n t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ead n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C on tin u ed

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t su ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w ood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la yin g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;

u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n ce u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .




M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r v e h ic le )

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s su ch a s the in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g ; In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its, co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and
m e a s u r in g and te s t in g in s t r u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g b o d y
b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r pa in t in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f ic a t io n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e r a t in g
sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a
m a c h in e sh op o r sen d in g the m a ch in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c if ic a t io n s f o r m a j o r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .




T h is c l a s s if i c a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .
M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
L a yin g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c if ic a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c if ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p ip e fitt e r
r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u ch a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , fo r m in g , sh a p in g,
fitt in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t i c le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea v y e q u ip m e n t w hen c h a n g e s in the plant la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h an dt o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to be u se d ; and in s t a llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t su ch as d r iv e s
and sp e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m i llw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

20

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c if ic o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k eep in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h old in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e lp e r is p e r m it te d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e
tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p ly in g , liftin g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it te d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t i m e b a s is .

C o n s t r u c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o ld s u se d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l ( e .g .,
p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) . W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P lan nin g and la yin g
ou t w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r w ritte n o r o r a l
s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u n d ersta n d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and
a llo y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p le t e t a s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh op c o m p u ta tio n s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g
v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g v a r io u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a tin g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o lr o o m )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g on e o r m o r e than on e type o f m a ch in e t o o l
( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u se d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m ­
p lic a te d se tu p s o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a ch in e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g t a b le s ,
and o th e r c o n t r o ls to handle the s iz e o f s to c k to be m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t th o s e p r e ­
s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a ch in in g
o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s , to
r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o l s n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h c o n s id e r a b le o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

in c lu d e
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s if i c a t io n d o e s not
m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ifi c a t io n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a t io n o f
s ta t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t su ch as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p tio n .
M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a te r and
s a fe t y v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts su ch a s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e t a il • e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n loa d tr u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in g o o d
w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s if i e d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)




T R U C K D R IV E R — C on tin u ed
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

ligh t tr u c k (u n d er IV 2 to n s )
m e d iu m tr u c k (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s)
h ea v y tr u c k ( t r a ile r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h ea v y tr u c k (o th e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

SH IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K — C o n t in u e d

S H I P P IN G P A C K E R — C o n t in u e d

sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f ile o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g
o th e r s in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a g a in st b ills o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g da ta on c o n ta in e r .
P ack ers
w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R

F o r w age

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

Sh ipp in g c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ipp ing and r e c e iv in g c le r k
W A R E H O U SE M A N
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r sta n d in g o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s to r a g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d is c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s to r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r in g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M ay o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k (s e e S h ipping and R e c e iv in g C le r k and Sh ipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r tr u c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
ORDER F IL L E R
F il ls sh ip p in g o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d ition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f ille d o r o m itt e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .
SH IPP IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c if ic o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g d ep en d en t
upon th e t y p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f u nits to b e p a ck e d , the ty p e o f co n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f it e m s in




A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a t io n ; and tr a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
tru ck ,

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f p o w e r as f o llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r than f o r k lif t )

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o li c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d e s
g u a rd s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at ga te and c h e c k o n id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k es ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c t in g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d ow w a s h in g a re e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e follbvfring a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f®r u s e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S urvey results are pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h i c h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at n o c o s t , w h i le s u p p lie s la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a ( s t a t e w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a , La.
A lp e n a , S t a n d ish , and
T a w a s C ity, M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t la n t ic C it y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , G a .— .C .
S
A u st in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
Ba ton R o u g e , L a .
Ba ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r Orange, Tex.
B ilo x i— u l f p o r t and
G
P ascagou la, M iss.
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and
S t a m f o r d , Conn.
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Iowa
C h a m p a ig n — rb a na — a n t o u l, 111.
U
R
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . —
Ky.
C olora d o S p r in g s , C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C olu m bu s, M iss.
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D es M o i n e s , Iowa
Doth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n.—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A l a m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r i n g f i e l d and M e d f o r d —
S
K la m a t h F a l l s — r a n t s P a s s —
G
R o s eb u rg , Oreg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R i l e y —J u n ct io n Cit y, K ans.
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —Okla.
F o r t W a yn e , Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — agerstow n—
H
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—Pa.
G a d s d e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla nd— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
Guam , T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , Pa.
La C r o s s e , W is .
L a red o, Tex.
L a w t o n , Okla.
L e x in g t o n — a y e t t e , Ky.
F
L i m a , Ohio
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.— a .—Del.
V
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a in e ( s t a t e w id e )
M c A l l e n —P h a r r — d in b u r g and
E
B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ian, M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u th , and
O c e a n C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e and P e n s a c o l a , A l a . —F la .
Mon tana ( s t a t e w id e )
N a s h v i lle —D a v id s on, Tenn.
N e w B e r n — a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C.
J
N e w H a m p s h i r e (s t a t e w id e )
N e w L o n d o n — o r w i c h , Conn.—R.I.
N
N o rt h D akota ( s t a t e w id e )
N o r t h e r n N ew Y o r k
O r la n d o , F la .
O xn ard— i m i V a l l e y — e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
V
Phoenix, A riz .
P in e B lu ff , A r k .
P u e b l o , C o lo .
Puerto R ico
R a le ig h —D u r h a m , N.C .
R e n o , Nev.
R iversid e—
San B e r n a r d i n o —
O n t a r io , C a lif .
Sa lin a , Kans.
S a lin a s — e a s i d e — o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S
M
S a n dusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Sa va nnah, Ga.
S e l m a , A la .
Sherm an— enison, Tex.
D
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
South D akota ( s t a t e w id e )
S o u th e rn Idaho
Southw estern V irginia
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e ,
M a s s . —Conn.
S t o c k to n , C alif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u l s a , Okla.
U pp e r P e n in s u la , M ich .
V a l l e j o — a i r f i e l d —Napa, Calif.
F
V e r m o n t (s t a t e w id e )
V i r g i n Is la n d s o f the U.S.
W a c o and K ille e n — e m p l e , T e x .
T
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iowa
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V i r g i n i a ( s t a t e w id e )
W il m in g t o n , D e l . — J.—Md.
N.
Y a k i m a , R ic h la n d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W alla—P e n d le t o n ,
W a s h .— r e g .
O

ALSO A V AIL ABLE—
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accountants, auditors, ch ief a c co u n t­
a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c ­
to r s of p e r so n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s ,
dr a fte r s, a n d c le r ic a l em ployees
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as BLS B u l l e ­
ti n 1931, N ati onal S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe ssio n a l, A d m in istrative, T echn ical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 6 , $ 1 . 3 5
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the BLS r e ­
g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s ho w n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
tendent o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gto n,
D .C . 20402.




Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u ll e tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
B u lle tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s ho w n on the b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . 2 0 402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
Docum ents.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1950 t h r o u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y . , Sept. 1977 ________________
S
T
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f . , O ct. 197 6 ________________________________________________
A tla n ta, G a . , M a y 1 9 7 7 __________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1 9 7 7 _____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J uly 1977 1 ____________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 7 _________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1977 ______________________________________
B u f f a lo , N . Y . , Oct . 1977 ________________________________________
Canton, O h i o , M a y 1977 1 _______________________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1977 __________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 7 * ________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O hio— y .— n d . , July 1977 1_______________________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1977 1___________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h io , Oct . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 _____________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 7 6 __________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Is la n d — o l i n e , Iowa—
R
M
111., F e b . 1 9 7 7 1 _____
D a yto n , O h i o , D e c . 1976 ________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g. 1977 1______________________________
D e n v e r — o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________
B
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 7 ______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 ______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sep t. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m — igh P o in t ,
W
H
N . C . , A u g . 1977 1_______________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1977 ____________________
S
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________
H o u s to n , T e x . , A u g . 1977 1 _____________________________________
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 7 * ___________________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., Oct . 1 9 7 7 ___________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 __________________ _________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 6 * _________________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1977__________________________
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , Oct . 1 9 7 6 _________________
L
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d . , Nov. 1 9 7 6 ________________________________
I
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . — i s s . , Nov. 1976 1 ___________________
A
M




B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 0 0 - 7 6 , 85 ce n ts
1 9 5 0 - 5 2 . 80 ce n ts
1900-67,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1900-68,
1950-35,
1900-63,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1950-43,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

7 5 c e n ts
$1.20
$1.20
$ 1.00
85 ce n ts
$ 1.20
$ 1 .00
$1.10
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .40
$ 1 .20
$ 1 .40
75 ce n ts
$1.00
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .10
85 ce n ts
$1.00
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .20
70 c e n ts
$ 1.00
70 c e n ts

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
1950-4,
1950-56,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1950-54,
1900-77,
1900-69,
1900-75,

$ 1 .10
70 ce n ts
80 c e n ts
$1.40
$1.40
$1.00
$1.50
85 c e n ts
$1 .00
85 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
85 c e n ts

A rea
M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1 9 7 7 __________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
M in neap olis—
St. P a u l, M in n .— i s . , Jan. 1977 _______________
W
N a s s a u — ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________
Su
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 ________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 _________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 7 _______________________________
N o r f o l k — i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
V
N . C . , M a y 1977 ..........................................................................................
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
P
N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . — . C . , M a y 1 9 7 7 _____________
H
N
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g. 1977 1__________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , Aug. 1 9 7 7 1____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Io w a , Oct . 1977 1_______________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 _________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , Nov. 1 9 7 6 1___________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , D e c . 1976 1 __________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1977 1___________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1977 ________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e — in g s to n — e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 197 6 _______
K
N
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .—
M a s s . , June 1977 1 _____________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1977 1 ____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —
111., M a r . 1977 _________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 _________________________________
Sa g in a w , M i c h . , Nov. 1977 _____________________________________
Salt L a k e City—O gden, Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 6 _______________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1977 1__________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a kla nd , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 __________________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan 1977 1____________________________
South B e n d , Ind., A u g. 1977 1__________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , M a y 1977 _________________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1 9 7 7 _______________________________________
U t ica — o m e , N . Y . , July 1977 _________________________________
R
W a s h in g t o n , D. C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
M
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1977 1 ____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 __________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 ___________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 - 5 7 , $ 1.00
1 9 5 0 - 1 4 , $ 1.10
$ 1.60
1950-3,
1 9 5 0 - 2 7 , $ 1.00
$ 1.60
1950-7,
$ 1.60
1950-5,
1 9 5 0 - 3 1 , $ 1.20
1 9 5 0 - 2 0 , 70 ce n ts
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

7 0 c e n ts
$ 1.10
$ 1.10
$ 1.10
70 ce n ts
$ 1.10
$1.50
85 ce n ts
$ 1.20
70 c e n ts
55 ce n ts

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1950-59,
1900-65,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1950-51,
1900-44,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$ 1.20
$ 1.10
$ 1.20

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

55 c e n ts
70 c e n ts
55 ce n ts

$ 1.10

55 ce n ts

$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.20
$ 1.10

55 c e n ts
80 ce n ts
70 c e n ts

$ 1.10
$ 1.20
$ 1.10

70 ce n ts

$ 1.10

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region I
t

Region l t
i

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas




Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-248T (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (AreaCode415)

VII

IX

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

VIII

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

X

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102