View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Rochester, New York, Metropolitan Area,
July 1972
Bulletin 1775-4




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
R ii^ an of Labor Statistics




P reface
This bulletin provides results of a July 1972 survey of occupational
earnings in the Rochester, New York, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
(Livingston, Monroe, Orleans, and Wayne Counties). The survey was made as part
of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The pro­
gram is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as
national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Areas in the United
States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, (as defined by the U.S. Office of Management
and Budget through November 1971).
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through
the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program de­
velops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and
salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant
location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make
wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on
inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage bene­
fits, collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed,
two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and
regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data.
The Rochester survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
New York, N.Y., under the general direction of Alvin I. Margulis, Assistant
Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished
without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided
the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to
express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
Also available for the Rochester area are listings of union wage rates
for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local
truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these
are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-4
N o v e m b e r 1 9 72

l ii L | U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , James D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

Rochester, New York, Metropolitan Area, July 1972
CONTENTS
Peg*

2
5

Introduction
Wage trends for selected occupational groups
Tables:

4
6
7
9
10
13

1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
2. Percents of increase in earnings for selected occupational groups for selected periods
A. Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
Appendix. Occupational descriptions

NOTE: Information on occupational earnings for maintenance and powerplant (table A -4 ), and custodial and material movement occupations
(table A - 5), which are usually presented for each area, were not collected in this area.




For sale by the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 45 cents

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 9 6 in w h ich th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
on an a r e a w id e b a s i s a n n u a lly .1
F i e ld r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b li s h m e n t s in th e a r e a , c o ll e c t e m p lo y m e n t , e a r n in g s ,
e s t a b li s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e la t e d b e n e fit s in fo r m a t io n e v e r y th ir d
year.
In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in f o r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t
and e a r n in g s is c o ll e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t s
p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y . T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f th e la t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .

(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m se t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the a p p e n d ix .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e ith e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n
is to o s m a l l to p r o v id e en ou g h d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) th e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s
d ata not sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e sh o w n .
L i k e w i s e , d ata a r e in c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c la s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is n ot sh ow n o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c la s s i f y is not
a v a ila b le .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s ; M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b li s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u f fic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e show n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t -t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m
r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e ro u n d ed
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
The sa m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ific a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s
w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t if ie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b li s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f
s e le c t i o n .
T o o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s is s e le c t e d . W h e n d ata
a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b li s h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e le c t i o n , s o th a t u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , if one out o f fo u r e s t a b li s h m e n t s is s e le c t e d , it is g iv e n a
w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s th r e e o t h e r s . A n a lt e r n a te o f the
s a m e o r ig i n a l p r o b a b i lit y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n if d a ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r th e o r ig i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u it a b le s u b s titu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p le m e m b e r th at is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s ,
and a r e o f the
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The a v e r ­
a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y ­
m en t p a tte rn s.
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y
h i g h - o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S uch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s t a b li s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in ta b le 2 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the
grou p s.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s .
In ­
d u s t r ie s and e s t a b li s h m e n t s d iff e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n tr ib u te d iff e r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a ch jo b .
P ay a v er­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d iff e r e n t ia l a m on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t s .

O c c u p a tio n s an d E a r n in g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s sh o u ld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib u te to
d if f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b li s h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a te s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o ll e c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c if i c d u tie s w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p ­
tio n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a li z e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t s and a llo w fo r
m in o r d if f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b li s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s t a b li s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b li s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le




o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e i m p o r ­
ta n c e o f the j o b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c t u r e
do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d ata .
E s t a b li s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s t a b li s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is
b u lle t in .
In fo r m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la t io n s , c o lle c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t , is now c o ll e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on
m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ;
s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a ls ; s c h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; p a id h p lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B -s e r i e s
ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle t in s f o r th is a r e a .

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in R o c h e s te r, N .Y .,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d ivisio n , 2J u ly 1 9 7 2
M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h m en ts in s co p e
o f study

In du stry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s ______

________________

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercen t

516

129

182 .1 0 7

100

130 .757

50
-

224
292

56
73

131 ,7 6 0
5 0 ,3 4 7

72
28

1 0 2 ,3 2 3
2 8 ,4 3 4

50
50
50
50
50

26
36
128
26
76

9
10
21
10
23

5 ,6 8 8
2, 863
2 7 ,1 0 9
6, 917
7 ,7 7 0

3
2
15
4
4

4 ,5 4 7
1,2 0 2
14,3 9 6
5 ,3 8 7
2, 902

_______

M an u factu rin g --------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g_________________________________
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s 5
_______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e 6
______________________________
R e ta il tr a d e 6___________________________________
_____
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate 6
S e r v ic e s 6 7
—
- - ____ — -------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f stu d y 4

1 The R o c h e s t e r Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a , as de fin e d by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through N o v e m b e r 1971, c o n s is t s
o f L iv in g s to n , M o n r o e , O r le a n s , and Wayne C o u n tie s .
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
Th e e s tim a te s a r e not in tended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as
a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s
r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d
fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such
in d u s t r ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
E le c t r ic and gas u t ilit ie s , the m u n ic ip a lly ow ned and
o p e r a te d l o c a l- t r a n s it s y s t e m ,
t a x ic a b s , and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s .
S epa ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
t o m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p ark in g; m o t io n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit
m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u stria l c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
A lm o s t t h r e e -fo u r t h s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the R o c h e s t e r
a r e a w e re e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f ir m s .
The fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u stry
gro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
Industry grou ps
In stru m en ts and r e la te d
p r o d u c t s ________________________
M a ch in e ry , ex ce p t
e le c t r ic a l_______________________
E le c t r ic a l equipm ent and
su p p lie s_________________________
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c t s _____
T r a n sp o rta tio n e q u ip m e n t_____
A p p a r e l and o th e r te x tile
p r o d u c t s ________________________

S p e c ific in d u s trie s

52
7

P h o to g ra p h ic equipm ent
and s u p p lie s _____________________ 45
M o to r v e h ic le s and
e q u ip m e n t_______________________ 6
C o m m u n ica tio n equipm ent______ 5

6
6
6
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y a s show n in table 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s 1 and p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in
a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , an d in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n tw o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b tr a c tin g 1 0 0 f r o m the
in d e x y i e ld s th e p e r c e n t ch a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
d ate o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d d a t e s . A n n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
sh o w n , r e f l e c t the a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w h en the tim e
p e r io d b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w a s o th e r th an 12 m o n th s .
T h e se com pu ­
ta tio n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n sta n t
ra te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch a n ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in ten d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in th e b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a lu e o f 1 00 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d e x is c o m p u te d by m u l t i ­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (1 0 0 p e r c e n t) b y the r e la t iv e (the p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p lu s 1 00 p e r c e n t) f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r and th en c o n ­
tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (com p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the p r e v io u s
y e a r 's in d e x .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n tw o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r ta n t jo b s w ith in
each group.

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a c o n s ta n t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p ;
O ffice clerical (m en and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Cleiks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffice boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters

L im it a t i o n s

o f D ata

T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of ch a n ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e r e s u ltin g f r o m la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b li s h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in
the la b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e iv a b le that e v e n
th ou gh a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n te r e d
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages m a y have
r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s ta n t, y e t a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a m a y h av e r i s e n
c o n s id e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s t a b li s h m e n t s e n te r e d the a r e a .

T o o l and d ie makers

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a r e m u l t i ­
p lie d b y th e o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, and th e p r o d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s
in th e g r o u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s a r e
r e la t e d b y s u b tr a c tin g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r and d iv id in g the r e m a in d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 1 00 sh o w s the p e r c e n t
o f change.

T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ff e c t
o f ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a ch jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly ch a n g e s in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t -t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d b y
1
Indexes o f earnings referred to in this standard text are published for most areas but not in c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
Rochester because the area was not surveyed in the base year of the index series. In addition, wage
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e an y s ig n ific a n t e ff e c t c a u s e d b y
trends are lim ited to office clerical and industrial nurses occupations since wage data for skilled
maintenance and unskilled plant occupations were not collected in this area.
c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .




8




T a b le 2. P ercen ts o f increase in earnings for selected occupational groups
in R o c h es ter, N .Y ., fo r selected periods
A ll industries

P eriod

W eekly earnings

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m en and
women)

July 1968 to July 1969_________________________________
July 1969 to August 1970:
13-month in cre a se
Annual rate o f in c r e a s e ____________________________
August 1970 to July 1971:
11-month in cre a se
Annual rate o f in cre a se _

M anufacturing

W eekly earnings

.

____
_
_

July 1971 to July 1972_________________________________

Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

Industrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m en and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

6.7

8.4

O

8.4

6.3
5.8

7.8
7.2

O
(*)

8.0
7.4

3.6
3.9

6.3
6.9

<‘ )
(’ )

5.7
6.2

5.6

8.5

4.9

8.7

7

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b le A -1. O ffic e o ccupations: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , R o c h e s t e r , N .Y ., J u ly 1972)
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

*

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f----

t

t

1

$

of

weekly
(standard'

U n der

t

t

*

*

*

Mean

^

Median

^

Middle ranged

(
80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

85

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

80

«

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

5

6

10

4

1

5

1

“

k
»
S
♦
*
t
%
t
*
*
180
190
160
170
200
210 220 230
240 250

~

and
u n d er

and

1B0

190

200

210

“

170

“

2

220

”

230

240

*

*

250 o v e r

M E N A N D W O M E N C O M B IN E D

34

$
4 0 .0 1 0 1 .5 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS A -------------------------------

29

4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 2 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

22

4

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

409
239
170

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 7 .5 0 1 4 6 .0 0 1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 1 5 3 .0 0 1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 3 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0 1 3 6 .0 0 1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

25
7
18

43
20
23

87
38
49

63
36
27

62
36
26

24
20
4

49
36
13

22
21
1

13
13
-

6
6
“

•
-

-

-

•
-

-

-

15
6
9

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

421
189
232

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 6 .5 0 1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0

7
7

7
7

6
i
5

34
6
28

42
10
32

70
21
49

88
49
39

48
24
24

69
38
31

20
18
2

24
18
6

3
3
-

1
1
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

113
100

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0 1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 1 2 0 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

_

4
1

3
2

3
2

5
2

21
19

24
23

32
31

a
7

11
11

2
2

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

153
136

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

*

24
24

38
38

31
28

8
7

46
35

6
4

CLERKS. ORDER -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

86
47

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 2 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 1 4 6 .5 0 1 2 3 .5 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0

6
-

4
~

6
-

4
*

-

25
7

1
1

9
9

5
5

6
6

5
5

3
3

5
5

5
5

2
1

*

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

122
115

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 9 .5 0 1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 7 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

-

2
2

3
2

-

6
3

5
5

19
19

5
4

26
26

36
36

12
11

2
2

1

_

-

5
5

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

256
182
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 0 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 1 3 4 .5 0 1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

56
21
35

60
48
12

42
32
10

36
35
1

4
4

1
1

-

2
2

3
3

-

-

24
8
16

28
28

*

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

444
368
76

4 0 .0 1 1 8 .5 0 1 1 6 .5 0 1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 1 .5 0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0

28
12
16

9*
55
39

107
99
8

88
86
2

63
58
5

22
22

13
13

2
2

2
2

3
3

1
1

-

-

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYSI -----------

132

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 7 .0 0

SE CRETARIES --------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

2 ,3 7 3
1 ,9 8 0
393
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

111
81
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 7 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0 1 8 6 .5 0 1 4 9 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0 1 6 7 .5 0 1 5 8 .0 0 - 1 9 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

412
305
107

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 8 2 .0 0 1 8 1 .0 0 1 5 8 .5 0 - 1 9 8 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0 1 8 7 .0 0 1 6 8 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 1 5 7 .5 0 1 4 3 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

642
546
96

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

1 ,2 0 8
1,0 4 8
160

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I -----------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s




$
9 3 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

$
$
8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

“

-

-

~

“

-

1
1

1
1

13
13
-

6
1
5

“
-

*

2

_

-

_

—

•

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0

-

-

16

9

13

38

44

5

3

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

1 6 3 .5 0 1 4 2 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0 1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 1 2 1 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 1 3 2 .5 0 - 2 2 7 .0 0

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

165
112
53

232
168
64

4

4

182
137
45
“

338
292
46
6

316
279
37
1

288
269
19
2

270
260
10
3

131
120
11
1

112
109
3
-

60
56
4
1

38
32
6
6

17
12
5
5

29
28
1

“

1
“

72
32
40

-

1
“

70
24
46
4

39
39

-

12
11
1
1

.
-

2
2

2
1
1

10
10

13
11
2

13
5

11
2
9

8
6
2

12
11
1

11
6
5

13
13
-

7
6
1

1
1
“

3
3
-

1
1

4
3
1

-

i

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

*

-

1 6 6 .5 0 1 6 4 .0 0 1 4 6 .5 0 - 1 8 0 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0 1 6 7 .5 0 1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0 1 4 3 .0 0 1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

-

_

1 5 5 .5 0 1 5 8 .5 0 1 3 3 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0 1 6 2 .5 0 1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 2 1 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

-

-

-

1

*

1

-

1

1

10
9
1

6

-

-

-

5
1

23

23
12
11

60
32
28

48
33
15

39
29
10

63
56
7

54
50
4

27
25
2

14
12
2

2
2

10
10

19

-

16
12
4

25
25

-

58
43
15

48
27
21

118
108
10

80
72

104
99
5

39
37
2

15
13

22
21
1

35
29
6

26
26

-

-

2

27
26
1

-

-

-

141
111
30

98
87
11

147
144
3

177
172
5

137
135

156
156

51
51

45
45

17
17

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

16
10

6

-

2
2

-

4

i
-

8

-

6

46
33
13

63
24
39

52
20
32

112
77
35

4

8

2

-

8
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e occu p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s— C o n tin u ed
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings o f w ork ers in selected occupations by industry division , R o ch e s te r, N .Y ., July 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Num ber of w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

weekly

Occupation and industry division

100

Under
$
and
80
under

(standard)

110

120

130

140

150

160

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

222
187
35

140
131
9

37
37

3
2
l

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED

757
592
165

$
$
$
39.0 129.00 131.00 1 2 0 . 5 0 139.50
40.0 131.50 133.00 1 2 3 . 5 0 - 142.00
36.5 119.50 120.50 10 8.00-131.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
N O NN AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

119.0040.0 130.50 132.50 1 2 0 . 0 0 40.0 131.00 133.00 1 1 9. 50 -

47
16
31

141.50
141.50

108 177
76 138
32 39

134.50

SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

77
41

SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATOR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

203
134
69

39.5 123.00 129.00
39.0 101.50
94.50

10
10

16
15
11
1

94.0091.00-

152.50
116.50

5
5

7
6

39.5 114.00 109.50 9 9 . 0 0 39.5 118.00 122.50 1 0 1. 50 39.0 107.00 102.50 9 7 . 0 0 -

129.00
133.50
112.00

44
26
18

11
5
6

41
37

20
15
5

22

28

16

20

27
24

26
26

103
31
72

88
40
48

31
26

14
3
11

23
23

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
133.00-174.00
T R A N SC RI BI NG -N AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

94
73

39.5 119.50 1 2 2 .0 0 1 0 9. 00 39.5 121.50 123.00 1 1 1 . 0 0 -

129.00
131.00

TYPISTS, CL AS S A --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

141
122

40.0 127.50 125.00 1 1 4. 00 40.0 130.50 130.50 1 1 7 . 0 0 -

140.50
142.50

TYPISTS, CL AS S B --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

385
131
254

39.0 105.00 104.50 9 4 . 5 0 40.0 109.50 1 1 1 .0 0 10 1. 00 38.0 102.50 101.50 9 3 . 5 0 -

113.50
119.00
111.00

See footnotes at end o f tables.




180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250
and

95

ST EN OGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --

170

35
35

20
20

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250 o v e r

9
T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o cc u p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R o c h e s t e r , N .Y ., J u ly 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num ber of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earning
(

Average
weekly
Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

*

V

110
Under
$
and
110 under
120

120

$
130

t

140

*

1

150

160

$

t

170

180

*
190

t

200

*

«

210

220

t

230

of—
*

240

*

*

250

260

t

*

270

280

*

290

300
and

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

2

260

270

280

290

300

over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --MA NU FACTURING
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

112
81
31

$
$
$
$
39.5 179.00 176.50 158.50-198.00
60.0 188.00 186.00 169.00-201.50
37.5 156.50 157.50 153.50-162.50

-

CO MPUTER OPERATORSi CLASS B --MA NU FACTURING
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

301
254
A7

39.5 169.50 173.50 167.00-185.00
39.5 175.00 178.50 160.50-188.00
38.5 161.50 162.00 135.50-151.50

-

165.00 166.00 133.00-157.00

6

177
166

39.5 268.50 269.00 232.00-260.00
60.0 267.50 269.00 231.50-259.00

“

137
36

39.5 210.00 210.00 195.50-227.00
39.5 215.50 213.50 199.00-233.50
38.5 196.50 201.00 172.00-217.00

100
B2

39.0 182.00 188.00 155.50-206.00
39.5 189.00 192.50 181.50-206.50

1 10

97

39.5 332.00 362.50 296.50-371.00
39.5 336.50 36 6. 50 296.50-376.00

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------

202
194

60.0 298.00 297.50 280.00-317.50
60.0 299.00 298.00 28 0.50-318.00

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S A --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------

368
299

60.0 223.50 216.00 198.00-236.50
60.0 226.50 219.00 200.50-263.00

ORAFTSMEN, CL AS S B --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------

391
369

60.0 181.50 182.50 165.00-192.50
60.0 182.00 182.00 165.00-192.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------

110
106

60.0 150.00 150.00 133.50-161.00
60.0 150.00 150.00 133.00-160.50

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------CO MPUTER PROGRAHERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A MANU FA CT UR IN G --CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S B --------MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G

101

129
122

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------

*
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:
**
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:
*** W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:
S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s




-

6
3
3

23
6
17

15
12
3

14
12
2

11
10
1

17
16
1

8
7
1

3
3

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

4
4

2

-

2

38
25
13

21
11
10

30
27
3

47
47
-

62
62
-

26
25
1

12
12
-

7
7

4
4
-

4
4
-

1
1

2
2

_

-

-

—

-

1
1
-

_

-

2

38
21
17

_

-

6
5
1

-

-

-

-

-

4

9

15

24

29

7

-

-

1

1

2

_

_

“

“

“

•

3
3

“

5
5

3
3

11
9

19
19

21
21

30
27

42
42

13
11

12
11

7
6

1

5

-

-

5
4
1

21
18
3

25
19
6

20
14
6

17
13
4

10
9
1

15
14
1

1
1

5

8
2
6

-

1

*
3
1

1

-

4
4
"

6
5

16
7

1

6
6

21
20

16
15

18
18

8
8

3
3
1
1

3
3

9
9

6
4

3
2

4
3

2
1

17
17

23
23

28
26
4
4

-

_

_

_
-

_

-

1
“

-

2

2

_

-

2
2
_

_

-

*
4

1
*

1

1

1
1

.

-

3
3

8
6

.

_

_

-

-

”

7
6

*77
69

33 **91
88
33

_

-

-

-

“

”

-

10
7

14
14

14
12

57
38

52
48

47
35

54
51

16
14

20
18

17
15

6
6

6
6

2
2

16
14

33
32

70
63

40
37

113
106

56
35

24
23

19
19

6
6

2
2

2
2

3
3

5
5

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

3
-

-

~

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

*

3
3

18
17

17
17

18
16

25
25

17
14

4
4

60.0 121.50 119.00 110.50-136.00 ***11
60.0 121.00 119.00 106.00-135.50
11

D R A F T S ME N- TR AC ER S
M A N U FA CT UR IN G EL EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

-

15
12

6
6

7
7

3
3

2
-

2
2

-

-

3
3

3
3

14
14

19
19

10
10

26
26

19
18

13
10

6
6

8
8

5
5

2
2

3
3

16
15

5
5

10
10

9
8

20
20

11
11

6
6

3
3

-

-

25
25

_

_

1
1

_

6
6

60.0 205.50 206.00 184.00-223.50
60.0 203.00 206.50 183.50-219.00
192.00 197.00 170.00-210.00
193.00 199.00 171.50-210.00

-

-

-

*

“

*

-

-

-

1

$ 300 to $ 320; 11 at $ 32 0 to $ 340; 20 at $ 340 to $ 360; 17 at $ 360 to $ 380; 9 at $ 380 to $ 400; and 9 at $400 and over.
$ 300 to $ 320; 27 at $ 320 to $ 3 4 0 ; 13 at $ 340 to $ 360; 3 at $ 360 to $ 380; and 1 at $ 400 to $ 4 2 0 .
10 at $ 9 0 to $ 100; and 1 at $ 100 to $ 110.

_

-

_

T a b le A -3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w o rk e rs in s elected occupations by industry division , R o ch e s te r, N .Y ., July 1972)
Average

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

73
66

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

$
40.0 163.00
40.0 164.50

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
36

O
o
*

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! --------------------------

101.50

Weekly
hour, 1
(standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PR OF ES SI ON AL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - ME N — CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO ME N— CONTINUEO
SECRETARIES - CONT IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

642
546
96

39.5 166.50
40.0 169.50
38.5 149.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,208
1,048
160

40.0 155.50
40.0 160.50
38.5 1 2 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

753
588
165

39.0 129.00
40.0 131.50
36.5 119.50

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL AS S A ---------------------------

29

40.0 127.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

336
173
163

39.5 144.00
39.5 15 1.5C
39.0 136.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

407
180
227

39.0 116.00
39.5 124.00
39.0 109.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

51

38.5 127.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

112
99

39.0 116.50
39.5 119.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

60
56

40.0 130.50
40.0 131.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

153
136

39.0 1 0 1 .0 0
99.50
38.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

73
41

39.5 1 2 1 .0 0
39.0 101.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

69
30

39.5 1 1 0 .0 0
39.0 129.50

SWITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR— RECE PT IO N ISTSMA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

121
114

39.5 114.00
39.5 118.00
39.0 107.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------

40.0 139.50
40.0 140.00

203
134
69

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS. CLASS A ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

254
182
72

39.5 130.00
39.5 136.00
38.5 116.00

TR AN SCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -----------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

94
73

39.5 119.50
39.5 121.50

438
362
76

141
122

40.0 127.50
40.0 130.50

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----- ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

385
131
254

MESS EN GE RS (OFFICE GIRLS) -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

97
76

39.0 105.00
40.0 109.50
38.0 102.50

SECRETARIES ----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -----------

2,373
1,980
393
38

SECRETARIES, CL AS S A --------MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

111
81
30

164.CO CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------168.OC
MA NU FACTURING --------------------142.50
172.50 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------39.5 177.50
40.0 179.50
39.0 171.00 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

412
305
107

39.5 182.00 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------39.5 190.00
39.0 160.00
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

See footnote at end of tables.




TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------40.0 118.50
40.0 121.03 TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------39.5 105.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------40.0 107.50
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
40 . C 106.00
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
39.5
40 . C
38.5
38.5

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1
arnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

92
76

39.5 183.50
40.0 188.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S 6 ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

87
79

39.5 217.00
39.5 218.50

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S C ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

65
56

39.0 184.50
39.5 189.50

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S A ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

106
94

39.5 333.00
39.5 335.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
BUSINESS, CL AS S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

168
162

40.0 300.50
40.0 301.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

341
292

40.0 223.50
40.0 227.00

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------

375
335

40.0 182.50
40.0 182.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- —

100
94

40.0 150.00
40.0 150.00

O R AF TS ME N- TR AC ER S -------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------

35
30

40.0 125.00
40.0 124.50

ELECTRONIC TE CH NI CI AN S MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------

129
122

40.0 205.50
40.0 203.00

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---

28

38.5 155.50

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------

33

40.0 236.00

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

50
28

39.0 198.00
38.5 191.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS - WOMEN

273
233
40

39.5 171.00
39.5 176.50
38.5 141.00

85

39.5 148.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

35
26

39.0 177.00
39.5 188.50

144
138

39.5 251.50
40.0 250.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

78
75

40.0 190.00
40.0 190.50

11

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours re fle c t the workw eek for which e m p lo y ee s re c e iv e their regular s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a la r i e s (exclusive of pay for overtim e
at regular a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the earnings c o r r es p o n d to these weekly hours.
2 The m ea n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the number of w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian
de signates position— half of the em p loy ee s survey ed re c e iv e m o r e than the rate shown; half r ec eiv e l e s s than the rate shown.
The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k er s earn l e s s than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 E x c lu de s p r e m iu m pay for o ver tim e and for work on weeken ds, holidays, and late shifts.







A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
Th e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into ap p rop ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o rk e rs who a re e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m es ta b lis h m en t to e sta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B eca u se o f th is em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in u s e in
in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In app lying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in stru cted
to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and han dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R , M ACHINE

C L E R K , ACCO U N TIN G — Continued

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts, b i ll s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er
c le r i c a l w o rk in cid e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a re
c la s s if ie d by type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c le r i c a l op era tion s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r e x a m p le, c le r i c a l ly p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c tio n s , s e le ctin g am ong a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tra n s a ctio n s through p re v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

B i l le r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (co m b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n ally p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e t c .
U su ally in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te rm in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r
m a y not be com p u te d on the b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w hich are a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u lated
by m a c h in e . Th e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m ber o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e .

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and stan dardized p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tific a tio n o f item s and lo ca tio n s o f p ostin g s a re
c le a r l y in d ica te d : ch e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a cco u n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and c od in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting c o d e s .

B i l le r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a book k eepin g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout
a t y p e w r ite r k ey b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te s fig u re s on a nu m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s
and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f book k e e p in g.
W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s i f ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m
c le r i c a l and m anual task s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n ic a l d o cu m e n ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy stem containin g a num ber o f v a ried s u b je c t
m a tte r f il e s . M ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay keep r e c o r d s o f v a riou s typ es in con ju n ction
with the f il e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

B O O K K EE PIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b o ok k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f il e s
ings o r p a r tly c la s s if ie d m a t e r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s te d ,
w a rd s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m re la te d

C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a know ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r ticu la r accou n tin g sy s te m
u s e d . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each
ph a se o f the w o rk . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic boo k k e e p in g. P h a se s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a cco u n ts pa ya b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets f o r the accou n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
C L E R K , ACCO U N TIN G
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e accou n tin g c le r i c a l ta sk s such as postin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s :
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern al c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts: a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d istrib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s types o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lcu la tio n s , p o stin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M ay w o rk
in eith er a m anual o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
Th e w ork r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f c le r i c a l m e th o d s and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w hich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the book k eepin g and accou n tin g te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a cco u n tin g .




NOTE:

u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a tter) h ead­
fin e r subheadin gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le rela ted in d ex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in f ile s and f o r ­
c le r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s if ie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n system ( e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily ava ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ithdraw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anual task s
r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C L E R K , ORD ER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a ndise by m a il, phon e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay ch eck with c r e d it
dep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e ck shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C om p u tes w a ges o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and en ters the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu latin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs b a sed on tim e o r prod u ction r e c o r d s ; and
p ostin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork ing
d a ys, t im e , ra te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and total w ages due. M ay m ake out p a y ch e ck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e.

The B ureau has d isco n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data fo r c o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s .

13

14
K EYP U N C H O P E R A T O R

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

O p e ra te s a k eypu nch m a c h in e
tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e .

to r e c o r d

o r v e r i fy

a lp h a b e tic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

data on

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and judgm ent in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u res to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be
keypu n ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s o m e rou tin e
k eypu nch w o rk .
M ay tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypu nch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d efin ition s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th o s e o f fi c ia ls w ho have a s ig n ifica n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on in divid u al c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r individ ual tru s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c le r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f app lying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich have
been co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w hich have be e n p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f fi c e r (oth er than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p res id en t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l,
se g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

M ESSEN GER (O ffic e B o y o r G irl)

■

C la s s B

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fic e m a ­
c h in es su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , open in g and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

a ll,

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

SE CR ETA RY

3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la ­
t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r org a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d ivid u a l. M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks fa ir ly in d ep en d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l ls , p e r s o n a l c a l le r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
in q u ir e s , and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
m a in ta in s,

an sw ers

b.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d ivid u al plan t, fa c t o r y , e t c . ( o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
»
5. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l
hun dred p e r s o n s ) o r a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M aintain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s app ointm ents as in s tru cte d ;

d.

routin e

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

by

o th e r s f o r the

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o rg a n iz a tion a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l se g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d ivid ed . In s om e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in c lu d e s a w id e range, o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in divid u al plant, f a c to r y , e t c . (o r oth er equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic and typing w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n ature and d iffic u lty .
The w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o f fic e rou tin e and u n d erstand ing o f the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a r e t itle d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll org a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); c>r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : M any com p a n ies a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STE N O G R A PH E R

a.

P o s itio n s

w h ich do

not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta ry

b.

co n c e p t

d e s c r ib e d

ab o v e ;

S ten og ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l type du ties;

c.
S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f fi c e a s s is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the duties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e rou tin e o r
su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the de fin itio n ;

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n u sin g shorth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tion . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w o rk s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e ra l

e. A s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .




D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l routin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f il e s , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l t a s k s .

15
STEN O G RA PH ER— Con tinued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M achine O p e r a to r}— Continued

S ten ogra p h er, S e n io r

P o s itio n s a re c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s .

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs
o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a ls o set up and m aintain f il e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic duties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f s ten og ra p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g know ledge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f fic e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f il e s , w o rk flo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n ow ledge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r i c a l ta sk s such as m ain tain in g fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and
routing in co m in g m a il; and an sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
SW ITC H B OA RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
outgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s full te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l ls , e ith e r in add ition to
doing rou tin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d f o r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll-t im e
a s s ig n m en t. ( " F u l l" telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e sta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d erstan d able fo r te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
o f ov er la p p in g o r in te r r e la te d fu n ctio n s , and c o n se q u e n tly p re s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w hich ex te n s io n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itch b o a rd handling in c o m in g ,
ou tgoing, intraplant o r o f fic e c a l ls . M ay handle routin e long d ista n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ction s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a re r e a d ily un d erstan d able fo r telep h on e
in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the r e q u e s ts a r e ro u tin e , e .g ., givin g e x te n s io n n u m bers when
s p e c ific n am es a r e fu rn is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in te lep h on e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITC H B OA RD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In add ition to p e r fo r m in g du ties o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e sw itc h ­
b o a r d , a cts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as part o f re g u la r
d u ties .
T h is typing o r c le r i c a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r p art o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
s w itch b oa rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M achine O p e ra to r)
O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e t c . E x clu d e d fr o m this d e fin itio n a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o ex clu d ed a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e ven though th ey m a y a ls o o p e ra te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te re p o r tin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts including d ev is in g
d iffic u lt c o n tr o l panel w irin g under g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n .
A ssig n m en ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n on r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g
s o m e planning o f the nature and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e op era tion s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g seq u en ces o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but routin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p arts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r i c a l a c ­
counting m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in add ition to the sim p le r m a ch in es
u sed by c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s . M ay tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g
m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A ssig n m en ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit, fo r ex a m p le , individual s ortin g o r c olla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p e r a t io n s . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .
TR AN SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in volvin g a n orm a l routin e v o ca b u la ry fro m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten co p y and do sim p le c le r i c a l w ork .
W o rk e rs t r a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la ry such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who takes dicta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if ie d as a s ten og ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U se s a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tio n s have been m ade by another p e r s o n . M ay includ e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls fo r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as keepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s ortin g and d istribu tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in final fo r m when
it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p ellin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , pun ctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo re ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typing o f c o m p lic a t e d sta tis tic a l ta b le s to m aintain u n iform ity
and ba la n ce in s p a cin g . M ay type rou tin e fo rm le t t e r s , v a ryin g d eta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d r a fts ; o r routin e typing o f f o r m s , in su ra n ce p o l ic i e s , e t c .; o r setting up sim p le standard
ta b u lation s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x tables a lr e a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M PU TE R O P E R A T O R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d igita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to op era tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su ally p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
Studies in s tru ctio n s to d e te rm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loads equipm ent with r e q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it , and starts
and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s adjustm ents to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t op e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e during o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s ca u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m aintain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te st and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O perates independ ently, o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d
and in trod u ced ; sch edu lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e sig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a
w ork in g know ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and altern ate p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay
g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu idan ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in depen d en tly, o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p ro d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; there is little o r no te stin g




o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b le t im e .
In com m on e r r o r situ a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s ca u s e and tak es c o r r e c t i v e a ctio n . T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g standard c o r r e c t i o n te ch n iq u es.
OR
O p e ra te s under d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h igh er lev el o p e r a to r by in d e ­
pend ently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt task s follow in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and with freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is exp ected to d ev e lo p
w ork ing k n ow ledge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent u s ed and ab ility to d etect p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U sually has r e c e iv e d s o m e fo rm a l tra in in g in com p u ter o p e r a tio n .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in es s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s tem s an a lyst, into
a se q u e n ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. W orking fro m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tr u c tio n s w hich, when en te re d into the co m p u te r sy s te m in c o d e d language, ca u s e the m anipulation

16
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— C ontinued
o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f
co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r tic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a rts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m ste p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l during p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte rs
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s i f ie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the s k ill u se d to d e te r m in e th e ir p ay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific
a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as f o llo w s :
C la s s A . W orks in depen d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a se s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
plans the full ra n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u te r sy ste m
in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c t s .
At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a ction s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich ca n be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k age poin ts b etw een o p e r a t io n s , ad ju stm e n ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and su bstan tial m an ip u lation and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W orks in depen d en tly o r u nd er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la tiv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d by r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r a d d ition s to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h ave be e n r e fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and se qu en cin g
o f data can be te s te d by u sin g a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u nd er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by in depen d en tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u su a lly
le a r n e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e sig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to routin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e with
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g them by u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f all s p e c ific a t io n s n eeded to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d o cu m e n ts to
be u sed ; ou tlin es a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d etail fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m an agem en t and fo r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o rk and
data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o r d in a t e s the d ev e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r ticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch a n g e s to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p ay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with
s c ie n tific o r e n g in ee rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s if ie d as f o llo w s :

C la s s A .
W orks independ ently o r under on ly ge n e ra l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in tegrated
p r o d u c tio n s ch e d u lin g , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich




C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C ontinued
e v e r y item o f e a ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the ull s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itiated by the com p u ter.) C o n fe . s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n eeded , fo r ap p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tion s o r ch an ges and fo r ob tain in g equipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l
a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s a n a ly sts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B . W orks indepen d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e, plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h om og en eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e l y
r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m ain tain in g d e p o s it o r a cco u n ts in a bank,
m ain tain in g a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il es ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v en tory a ccou n ts
in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W orks on a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W ork s indepen d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W ork is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r alin em en t with the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W ork s under im m ed ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fjjr s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a lyst by p r e p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fro m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h er le v e l a n a ly st.
D R A F TSM A N
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o r t with the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f each ch an ge on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r t s .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w o rk is
re v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r en g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s . M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r le v e l d ra fts m en .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ized draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u s e d . D uties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d ra w in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
te c tu ra l d ra w in g s fo r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d eta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d ation s, w all
s e c t io n s , f lo o r pla n s, and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo rm u la s and m an u a ls in m akin g n e c e s s a r y
co m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , s tren g th s,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w ork is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ica l ad eq u a cy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d etail d raw in gs o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r en g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p es of d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p os ition in g o f
co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f s o u r c e s
and ad ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u ggested m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lica b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e given w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
D RAFTSM AN - TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la c in g t r a c in g c lo th o r p ap er o v e r
d ra w in gs and t r a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c lo s e l y s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN
W orks on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e r a tio n s : M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and ov e r h a u lin g . T h e se o p e ra tio n s
r e q u ir e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r all o f the fo llo w in g t a s k s : A s s e m b lin g , te s tin g , adju stin g,
c a lib r a tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
W ork is n o n re p e titiv e and r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f the th e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p ertain in g to the u se o f g e n e r a l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic te s t equipm ent: tr o u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a tio n , re la tio n s h ip , and alin em en t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s having
a v a r ie ty o f co m p o n e n t p a r ts .

17
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN — Continued

N URSE, IN D U STR IAL (R e g is t e r e d )

E le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s w o rk e d on t y p ic a lly in clu d e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
G rou n d, v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ica tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n avigation a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r ground r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io and t e le v is io n tra n s m ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic co m p u te r s ; m is s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft gu idan ce and c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in dica tin g and c o n tr o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc .

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e ctio n to i l l o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i ll o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g ; G iving f ir s t aid
to the i ll o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju rie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
o f patients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r com p en s a tion o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and health evalu ation s o f ap p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health ed u ca tion , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , evaluation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r o th er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and safety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N ursing s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p loy in g m o r e than one n u rs e a r e exclu d ed .

(E x clu d e p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d ra fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f su ch standard e le c t r o n ic equipm ent a s o f fi c e m a c h in e s , r a d io and te le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E

M ACH IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m aintain in go o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an es ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ; using a
v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k ­
ing standard shop com p u tation s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le ctin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p arts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m eta l p a rts of m ec h a n ic a l
equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m en ts ; setting up and op era tin g standard m ach in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p arts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d im e n ­
sio n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m ach in in g; know ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
the co m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le ctin g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r h is w ork ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TE N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r
r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , heating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts , o r o th er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and d iagn osin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r ic a l
s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w ork in g standard com p u tation s re la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l equ ipm en t; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r i c ia n 's han dtools and m e a s u r in g and te stin g
in s tru m en ts . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
EN G IN E ER, ST ATIO N A RY
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m ay a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n o f sta tio n a ry en gin es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g . W ork in v o lv e s :
O perating and m ain tain in g equipm ent
such as stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g equipm ent, ste a m b o ile r s and b o i le r - f e d w a te r p u m ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keepin g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in es ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
en g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O ILE R
F i r e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich em p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a te r and sa fe ty v a lv e s . M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o i le r r o o m equipm ent.
H E L P E R , M AIN TE N A N C E TR AD ES
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a w o r k e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jou rn eym a n by h oldin g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e ym a n .
Th e kind o f w ork the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In s o m e tra d e s the h e lp e r i s con fin ed
t o su p p lyin g, liftin g , and holdin g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and cle a n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th ers
he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r parts o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e typ es o f m a ch in e t o o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g co m p lic a te d setups or
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; s e le ctin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during op e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s. M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls n eed
d r e s s in g , t o d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i ls .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .




M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e sta b lish m en t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining a u tom otiv e equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v olv e the u se o f such han dtools as w re n ch e s ,
g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a r ts ; rep la cin g b rok en o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m sto ck ; grin din g and adjustin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in stallin g the v a riou s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alin ing w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k es
and lig h ts , o r tightenin g body b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the au tom otiv e m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to­
m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s .
M EC H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an e sta b lish m en t. W ork in volves m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to dia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
dism an tlin g o r p a rtly dism an tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use
o f h an dtools in s c r a p in g and fitting p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts with item s obtained
fr o m sto c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u ctio n o f a r e p la ce m e n t part by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a rin g w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r the p r o d u ctio n o f p arts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e shop; re a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork of a m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren tices h ip o r equ ivalent
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r adju stin g m a c h in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eavy equipm ent, and d is m a n tles and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy
equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layout a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;
Planning and layin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g blu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using a v a r ie ty
o f h an dtools and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s , strength o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and b alan cin g of equipm ent; s e le ctin g standard t o o ls ,
equipm ent, and p arts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and ^naintaining in g ood o r d e r p ow er t r a n s m is s io n
equipm ent such as d r iv e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r
equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an es ta b lis h m en t. W ork in v olv es
the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f il l e r in nail

18
P A IN T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E — C ontinued

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R, M AIN TE N A N C E— C ontinued

h o le s and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite
lea d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

typ es o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; setting
up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f han dtools
in cu ttin g , bend ing, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo ca te
p o s it io n o f p ipe fr o m d ra w in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a c h in e s ; th read in g
p ipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; bend ing p ipe b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ipe w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ; m ak in g stan dard shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m aking stan dard t e s ts to d e te r m in e w hether fin ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gag ed in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g buildin g sanitation
o r heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l equ ipm en t and fix tu r e s
(s u ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n tila to r s , ch u te s , d u cts , m e ta l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and layin g out all

T O O L AND DIE M A K ER
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
laying out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, o r o th e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; u n d e r ­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g o f
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ipm en t; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts du rin g fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p rop ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip
o r e q u ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and die m a k e r s in t o o l
shops a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
SH IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

GUARD AN D W ATCH M AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e du tie s, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . Inclu des ga te m e n who a r e station ed at gate and c h e c k
o n i d e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s

and o th e r p e r s o n s

e n te r in g .

W atchm an. M akes rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y a gain st f i r e ,
th eft, and ille g a l e n try .
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in com in g sh ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork i n v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p re p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f the g o o d s sh ipped, m a k in g up b ills o f ladin g, p os tin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f shipm ents
a gain st b ills o f la d in g , i n v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m ­
aged g o o d s ; routin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m aintain ing n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f il e s .

C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , ap a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : S w eep in g, m o p p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; dusting e qu ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g a re e x c lu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLING
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : L oadin g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unp ackin g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h an dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ips a re
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in add ition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n ad d ition al s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t su p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d du tie s.

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ithin a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r ch a n d is e ,
e qu ip m en t, o r m e n betw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f esta b lis h m e n ts such a s : M an u factu rin g plants, fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il esta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u se s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o load o r unload tr u c k with o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and keep tr u c k in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r sh ou ld be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under l '/ i tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a il e r type)

P A C K E R , SHIPPING
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la cin g th em in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being depen dent upon the typ e, s iz e , and n u m ber
o f units to be p a ck e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
K now ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type
and s iz e o f con ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t brea k a ge o r d am age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g co n ta in e r ; and applying la b e ls o r en te rin g
id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake w o o d e n bo xe s o r c r a t e s a re e x clu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er e sta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by type o f tr u c k ,

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

as fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t---The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
will be available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.

Copies of public releases are or

Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste.
Marie, Mich.
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.
(Brevard Co.)
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Norwich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.
Yuma, Ariz.

Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Amarillo, Tex.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Corpus Christi, Tex.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fargcr-Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.—
Pa.— Va.
W.
Fresno, Calif.
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Grand Island—
Hastings , Nebr.
Greensborcr-Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Austin, Tex.*
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Great Falls, Mont.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 1973.

Lexington, Ky.*
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
See inside back cover.

The twelfth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1742, National Survey of Professional, Administrative,
Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1971, 75 cents a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402




☆

U. S . G O V E R N M E N T P R I N T I N G O F F I C E : 1 9 7 2 — 7 4 6 - 1 8 5 / 4 2




.

.

A re a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1----------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1972---------------Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1972 1-----------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1 —
Atlanta, Ga., May 1972 1----------------------------------------------Austin, Tex., Dec. 19721 (to be surveyed)
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1971_____________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthuir-Orange, Tex., May 1972--------Binghamton, N.Y., July 1971 1 _________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1972_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971__________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1971_____________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1971_______________________________
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1______________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1972 1 ---------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 1 ----------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1971----------------------------Chicago, 111., June 1972-----------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971-----------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971------------------------------------------Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1971________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1972 1—
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1 —^---------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 ------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1972_____________________________
Durham, N.C., Apr. 1972 1------------------------------------------Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1972 1_____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1971----------------------------------------Green Bay, W is., July 1972 1---------------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1972____________________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1972______________________________
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1972 1 __________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971___________________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1971_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1971___________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1972 1-----------Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark., July 1972 1--------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1972_____________________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1972 1—
__________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1971__________________________
Memphis, Tenn.-Ark., Nov. 1971 1 ____________________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1971________________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1972 1 ------------------------

Bulletin number
and price
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40
30
35
35
45

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

35
30
35
30
30
40
45
25
35
35
35
30
70
35
40
30
35
35
35
35
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1725-81,

35
30
55
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-2,

55 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,

45
35
35
30
35
30
30

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., M a y 1972 1-------------------------------------------------M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1972 1 __________________
M u sk ego n — u sk e g o n H e ig h ts, M ic h ., June 1972 1 _______
M
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1 -----------------------N ew H a ve n , C o n n ., Jan. 1972 1 ----------------------------------------------New O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1 9 7 2 _________________________ _______
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1972 1---------------------------------------------------N o r f o lk -V ir g in ia B e ach — o r ts m o u th and
P
N ew port N ew s—H am pton , V a . , Jan. 1 9 7 2 ------------------------O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a ., July 1971 1 ---------------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r .—Iow a, Sept. 1971 1____________________________
P a te r s o n —C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1972 1 -------------------P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v. 1971 1 ------------------------------------P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1971-------------------------------------------------------P ittsb u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------------------------------P o r tla n d , M a in e , N o v. 1971 1-------------------------------------------------P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1972 1 ------------------------------------P o u g h k e e p sie —K in g sto n — ew bu rgh , N . Y . ,
N
June 1972 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k — aw tu ck e t, R .I.—M a s s . ,
W
P
R a le ig h , N .C ., A u g. 1 9 7 1 --------------------------------------------------------R ich m on d , V a . , M a r . 197 2 1 ---------------------------------------------------R iv e r sid e —
San B e rn a rd in o — n ta r io , C a lif .,
O
D e c . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu p ation s o n ly ), J u ly 1 9 7 2 ----R o c k fo r d , 111., June 1972 1 ------------------------------------------------------St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1 9 7 2 _______________________________
Salt Lake C ity , U tah, N o v . 1 9 7 1 -------------------------------------------San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1 9 7 2 -------------------------------------------------San D ie g o , C a lif ., N ov. 1971 1________________________________
San F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a li f ., O c t. 1971 1 ----------------------O
San J o s e , C a lif ., M a r . 197 2 ----------------------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., M a y 1972 1 ------------------------------------------------------S cra n to n , P a ., J u ly 197 1 ----------------------------------------------------------S ea ttle—E v e r e tt , W a s h ., Jan. 1 9 7 2 ---------------------------------------Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1 97 1 ---------------------------------------------South B e n d , In d ., M a y 1972 1 -------------------------------------------------Spokane, W a s h ., June 1972 1 ---------------------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., July 1971 1----------------------------------------------------T am p a—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ., N o v. 1971 1--------------------------T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., A p r . 1972 1 ------------------------------------------M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 197 1 ______________ ________________________
U tica—R o m e , N .Y ., July 1 97 2 -------------------------------------------------W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d . - V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ---------------------------W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 ----------------------------------------------

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30
35
35
40
50
30
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1725-5,
1725-72,

30 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1725-78,
1725-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1 9 7 1 _________________________________ 1725-20,
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1972 1----------------------------------------------------- 1725-82,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1972 1----------------------------------------------- 1725-71,
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1972 1 _________________________________________ 1725-54,
Y oungstow n— a r r e n , O h io, N o v. 1971 1 ____________________ 1725-51,
W

30
45
35
35
30
30
35
50
30
35
30
30
25
35
35
35
35
35
30
45
70
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G TO N . D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BU SIN E SS
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

PENALTY FOR PR IVATE USE $300

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-446

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region 1
1603 JFK Federal Building
Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
M aine
M assachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Verm ont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area C ode 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filb ert St.
Ph iladelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaw are
District of C olum bia Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
W est Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W anker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area C ode 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
O klahom a
Texas

Regions V II and V III

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
C alifo rn ia
Idaho
H awaii
Oregon
Nevada
W ashington

Illino is
Indiana
M ichigan
M innesota
Ohio
W isconsin




Federal Office Building
911 W alnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
M ontana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

A labam a
Florida
G eorgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee