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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e R o ch ester, N e w Y o rk , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
A ugust 197 0

B u lle tin
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -7

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

PUERTO RICO
Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e R o c h e s te r, N e w Y o rk , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
August 1970

B u lletin 1 6 8 5 -7
November 1970
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (l) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results. After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.

I n t r o d u c t io n ---------------- --- -------------------------------------- ----------- ----------- ---- —
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ---------- -------------------------T ab les:
1.
2.
A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _____________________________ __________ ___ __________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r
s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s —---------------O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n __ ______________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and
m
w o m e n ______ ______________ ___________ __ __ ___________________
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________ _ , - ____________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________ -__ __ ______________

Ninety areas currently are included in the pro­
gram. In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Rochester, N.Y., in August 1970, conducted under a con­
tract with the New York State Department of Labor. The
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the
Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of
Livingston, Monroe, Orleans, and Wayne Counties. This
study was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
New York, N.Y., under the general direction of Thomas N.
Wakin, Assistant Regional Director for Operations.




1
4

NOTE: Information on occupational earnings for
maintenance and powerplant (table A-4), and custodial and
material movement occupations (table A-5), which are
usually presented for each area, were not collected in
this area.
Similar tabulations are available for other areas.
(See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Rochester area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; local-transit operating employees; and
local truckdrivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

iii

3
5
6
8
9
11




Introduction
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.1
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

either (l) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em­
ployees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even
though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year.
Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2, are better
indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. 2 Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A-series tables, because

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates. Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
* Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under con tract with the New York State
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffic e o ccu ­
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
in 77 areas at the request of the W age and Hour D ivision of the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor.
2
W age d ata for m ain ten ance and pow erplant and custodial and m a teria l m ovem ent o cc u p a­performed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying
tions w ere not co lle c te d in this area.




1

2

employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours;
paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for
this area.

3

T a b le 1.
E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in
b y m a jo r in d u s try d i v is io n / A u g u s t 1 9 7 0

scope

M inim u m
em p lo y m en t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in sc o p e
o f stu dy

In d u stry d iv isio n

n u m b e r s tu d ie d in R o c h e s te r , N . Y . , 1

N u m b er o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W o rk e rs in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ithin sc o p e o f s t u d y 4

Within sc o p e
o f stu d y 3

Stu d ied
N u m b er

S tu d ied
P ercen t

460

122

1 8 0 ,5 7 4

100

1 2 8 ,1 0 1

50
"

223
237

52
70

1 3 6 ,8 3 8
4 3 ,7 3 6

76
24

1 0 2 ,9 6 9
2 5 ,1 3 2

50
50
50
50
50

27
35
103

9
9

4 ,9 8 9
2 ,7 8 2
2 3 ,6 1 6
6 ,6 5 7
5 ,6 9 2

3

13
4
3

3 ,8 6 7
1, 336
1 1 ,7 1 3
5 , 349
2 ,8 6 7

A ll d i v i s io n s _________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5_______________________
W h o le sa le t r a d e 6_____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 6 _________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6_______
S e r v ic e s 6 7

o f s u rv e y a n d

22

50

22
10
20

1

1 T h e R o c h e s t e r S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d by the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L iv in g sto n ,
M o n r o e , O r le a n s , an d W ayne C o u n t ie s.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n
o f the s i z e an d c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r is o n
w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e l s s in c e (1 ) p lan n in g o f w age s u r v e y s
r e q u ir e s the u s e o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d st u d ie d , an d (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f
the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the S ta n d a r d In d u s tr ia l C la s s i f i c a t i o n M an u al w a s u s e d in c l a s s if y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r ab o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " P u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . E l e c t r i c an d g a s u t i l i t i e s , the m u n ic ip a lly ow ned an d o p e r a te d l o c a l - t r a n s i t s y s t e m ,
t a x i c a b s , an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv is io n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n
o f d a t a fo r t h is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e en ough
d a t a to m e r it s.e p a r a te stu d y , ( 2 ) the s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te
to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , an d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o te ls an d m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s an d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, an d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ;
n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e li g io u s an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A lm o s t t h r e e - fo u r th s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the R o c h e s t e r a r e a
w e re e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u str y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u str y g r o u p s
In s t r u m e n t s an d r e la t e d
p r o d u c t s _________________________ 48
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l ie s ---------------------------------- 10
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l -----10
F o o d an d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s -------- 7
A p p a r e l an d o th e r t e x t ile
5
p r o d u c t s ________________________
5

S p e c if i c in d u s t r ie s
P h o to g r a p h ic eq u ip m en t and
s u p p l ie s ________________________ 40
C o m m u n ic a tio n e q u ip m e n t------8
O p h th alm ic g o o d s ______________
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e i o f t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P o p o rtio n s in v a r io u s in d u str y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r fr o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s o f the su r v e y a s sh ow n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
shows the percentage change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the
previous year's index.

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. 1 The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index. The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.

Method of Computing

Limitations of Data

Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group:

The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (1) general salary and
wage changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women): O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k illed m aintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-m achine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electrician s
Stenographers, gen eral
C leik s, accoun tin g, classes
M achinists
A and B
M echanics
Stenographers, senior
C leik s, file , classes
Sw itchboard operators, classes
M echanics (au tom otive)
A , B, and C
A and B
Painters
P ipefitters
C leik s, order
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
Tool and die m akers
C leik s, payroll
class B
C om ptom eter operators
Typists, classes A and B
U nskilled plan t (m en):
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Janitors, porters, and clean ers
Nurses, industrial (registered)
O ffice boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in
the group were totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The resultant relative, less 100 percent,

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

1 Indexes of earnings referred to in this standard te x t are published for m ost areas but not in
Rochester becau se the area w as not surveyed in the base y ear o f the index series. In addition , w age
trends are lim ited to o ffic e c le ric a l and industrial nurses occupations since w age d ata for sk illed
m ain ten ance and unskilled p lan t occupations w ere not c o llec ted in this area.




4




5

Table 2.

Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries for selected occupational groups

in Rochester, N .Y. for selected periods
A ll i n d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

O ffic e
c le r ic al
(m e n an d
w o m en )

In d u str ia l
n u rses
(m e n an d
w o m en )

O ffic e
c l e r i c al
(m e n an d
w o m en )

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n an d
w o m en )

J u l y 1969 to A u g u s t 19 7 0 :
1 3 -m o n th i n c r e a s e _____________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ______ ______ ______

6.

3
5. 8

7. 8
7. 2

(*)
(*)

8.

J u l y 1968 to J u l y 1 9 6 9 ____________________________

6. 7

8 .4

(*)

8. 4

P e r io d

1 D a t a do n o t m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

0
7 .4

6
A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . , A u g u st 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
%

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

*

S

S

i

75

M eant

Median ^

Middle range2

80

85

90

95

100

80

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

85

90

95

100

105

U n der
and
$
75
u nd er

$

t
105

110

110

115

$

S
115

120

120

130

$

t

t

130

140

150

140

150

12
10

12
11

-

5
9

16
16

s

$

t

%

I

$

200 210 220

3

22
21
1

$

1 60

1 70

180

190

160

170

180

190

200 210

5
5

10
10

17
17

and

220

over

MEN
60
55

40.0
40.0

$
155.00
157.00

$
159.00
161.00

$
$
1 40 .50 -1 74 .00
1 42 .00 -1 75 .00

SILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------

42

40.0

1 0 9 . 0C 1 1 1 . 0 0

9 9.0 0-11 4.5 0

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

92
65
27

39.5
40.0
39.0

123.50
128.50
112.00

125.50
128.50
113.50

112.50-132.00
115.00-145.00
1 08 .50 -1 17 .50

_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

65
47

38.5
38.0

99.00
96.50

98.00
95.00

6 8.50-109.50
8 7.50-110.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

278
173
105

39.5
39.5
38.5

125.00
129.00
117.50

122.50
123.00
122.00

1 07 .00 -1 35 .00
1C 7.00-15 5.5 0
1 07 .00 -1 30 .50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

417
191
226

39.0
40.0
38.5

106.00
115.50
98.50

104.50
112.00
99.00

9 5.5 0-11 7.5 0
1 01 .50 -1 28 .00
8 4.5 0-11 5.5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------

2

2
2

WOMEN

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

8
4

-

1

4

17
17

3
3

16
5

4
3

7

21
20
1

9
4
5

22

55
29
26

57
39
18

“

_

_

1

“

”

10

4

4
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

15

23

20

15

23

20

27
5
22

_

15

2

13

-

16

6

-

14

1

9

20
11

10
2
8

6
3

9

6

u
ii

27
9
18

9
7

26

42
30

4

8

18

2

12

_
20
16
4

67
23
44

8
1

_
-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

10

9
7

23

2

11

16
16

22
22

18
18

18
18

_

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

*

_

-

-

4

70
36
34
26

33

15

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------

35

39.0

113.50

111.50

9 7.0 0-13 6.0 0

-

1

-

2

2

9

2

1

3

i

2

8

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------

71
57

39.0
39.5

110.00
113.00

110.50
115.00

9 8.5 0-12 3.5 0
1C 2.0 0-12 6.0 0

-

_

-

2

8

-

10
6

6

“

9
7

8
8

6
6

17
17

126
32
94

38.0
39.5
37.5

92.00
100.50
88.50

91.00
97.50
88.50

8 5 .5 0 - 97.00
9 4.0 0-10 4.0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 94.00

3

10

15

31
2
29

27

22

-

8

2
2

2
2

CLERKS, ORDER -------------MANUFACTURING -----------

112
77

39.5
39.5

103.00
108.00

101.00
106.50

9 5.0 0-11 2.5 0
9 8.5 0-11 5.5 0

12
3

11

17

“

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------MANUFACTURING -----------

165
147

39.5
39.5

129.00
131.00

131.50
133.50

1 15.50-144.50
1 17.00-145.50

-

_

-

10
9

1
1

3

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----

43

40.0

96.00

97.00

9 0.0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

-

5

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
«
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

317
253
64

39.5
39.5
39.0

118.00
120.50
108.50

117.50
120.00
107.00

1 09 .00 -1 26 .00
1 12 .00 -1 27 .50
1 02 .50 -1 16 .50

*

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

474
367
107

39.5
40.0
38.5

109.00
114.50
91.00

111.00
117.00
91.50

9 6.0 0-12 3.5 0
1C3.0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 - 97.50

3
3

~

3
3

19

3

5
5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

15

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

-

-

3

10

15

_

3

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

14
1
13

4

14

-

27
19

12
11

10
10

6
6

8
8

3
3

_

12

3
3

4

6

19
14

21
20

25

22

41
40

13
13

1
1

6
6

_

4

12
12

_

2

-

“

5

8

7

1

14

1

-

1

-

7
5

2
1
1

58
32
26

15

53
46
7

48
37

92
84

17
17

17
17

5
5

1
1

2
2

-

_

64
56

19
14
5

38
32

50
50

87
87

56
56

4
4

7
7

1
1

-

“

_

4
ii
i

37
8
29

8

3

2

57
27
30

37
24
13

10

-

8

6
9

6

11

8

“

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

_

*

-

_

_
-

7
T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o ntin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , R o c h e s t e r , N. Y . , A u g u st 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

$

*

»

t

weekly
M ean 2

M edian 2

Middle range 2

[standard)

85

90

75
Under
and
(
under
75

80

80

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

85

90

95

"

1
-

23
18

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

_

i

95

100

$

S

%

105

no

(
1 15

120

S

*
130

$
140

150

$

t

160

$

170

t

$

180

190

t

%

200

210

220
and

100

1 05

14
14

15

7

20
1

22
6

56
15
41
“

115

120

36
35

1
1

64
27
37

75
41
34
5

83
45
38
5

_

_

no

140

150

160

1 70

180

190

200

210

220

over

251
186
65

344
310
34
3

2 74
236
38
-

304
287
17
3

1 13
98
15
9

122

54
47
7
4

18
18

21

1C9
13
“

49
49

8

241
198
43
3

19
17

15
9

13

13

12

12

11
6

7

8

4
4

130

WOMEN - CONTINUED
OFFICE GIRLS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

106
95

40.0
40.0

$
101.50
102.50

$
102.50
104.00

$
$
9 1.5 0-11 2.5 0
9 4.50-112.50

SECRETARIES -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

2 ,114
1 ,6 9 2
422
50

39.0
39.0
38.0
39.5

147.50
152.50
128.50
138.00

147.00
150.50
123.50
128.50

127.50-164.50
136.00 -1 67 .00
108.50-146.50
113.00-175.00

SECRETARIES* CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

114
83
31

39.5
40.0
39.0

158.00
158.00
158.50

154.00
153.50
162.50

1 37.00-179.50
136.50-179.00
137.50-185.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

316
242
74

39.5
39.5
39.0

164.00
168.50
148.00

162.00
166.50
148.00

1 44.50-183.00
149.00-190.50
130.00-162.00

-

_

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

585
483
102

37.0
37.0
38.5

150.00
152.50
139.00

147.50
148.50
140.00

133.50-163.00
136.50-166.50
1 22 .00-157.50

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

1 ,0 9 9
884
215

39.5
40.0
37.5

140.50
147.50
112.00

142.00
148.50
111.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

658
108

39.5
37.5

120.50
108.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------ —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

760
37

40.0
39.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING -------------------

77
71

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

16
“

_

_

-

-

121.00-161.50
133.00-163.50
1C3.0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

-

_

-

125.50
110.00

110.00-132.50
ICO.0 0 - 1 2 0 . 5 0

-

135.00
118.00

140.50
116.00

119.50-146.00
1C6.5 0-13 2.5 0

_

“

40.0
40.0

119.00
119.00

118.00
118.00

110.00-125.00
110.50-124.50

84
52

39.0
38.5

107.00
90.00

104.50
83.00

81.50-14 0.5 0
79.00-103.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

181
114
67

39.5
39.5
39.0

103.00
107.50
96.00

106.00
108.00
92.00

9 0.50-116.00
1 00.50-119.00
79.00-110.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

122
109

39.5
39.5

113.00
114.50

111.00
114.00

1C 4.00-124.00
1C 5.5 0-125.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

178
156

40.0
40.0

121.00
123.00

123.50
125.00

110.00 -1 33 .00
112.50 -1 34 .50

_

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

517
280
237

39.0
40.0
38.0

99.00
103.00
94.00

99.00
103.00
93.50

9 1.00-106.50
5 4.00-113.00
87.00-101.00

_

3

-

-

3

-

3
1

17

1

16

2
2

5
2

15
13

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

_

-

-

17
17

2

19
19

-

~

-

2

2
2

-

2

1

2
2

10

2

_
-

“

1
1




19

12

*

-

*

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b les,

8

2
2
~

20

4
16

4
3
l

1

-

1
49

12

37

_
-

-

8

1

5
3

-

2

1

17

20

2

6

31
17
14

22

70
57
13

14
14

74
56
18

129
119

104
83

36
29
7

37
28
9

25

21

26
26
-

31
31

1 61
153

112
111
1

203
203
-

36
36
-

68
68

57
3

16
“

_

4
4

_

_

*

*

1 31
95
36

130
119

11

10

59

69
17

48
17

40
9

168

225
4

1
1

3
3

4
3

39

8

51
3

99
5

42
5

124

_

-

8
8

2
2

9
7

16
15

7
7

24

22

i
i

15
15

_

6

-

5
4

1
1

9
4

4
4

4
i

13
12
1

10

5
-

10

15

10
5

6

5

27

21
6

7
4
3

12

16

26
25

9

8

11
11

27
27

10

2
2

13

22
22

10

45
40

39
39

18
18

31
25

41
36
5

22
22

2

10
6

_

_

1
1

2
2

6

21
8

11

99
49
50

60
25
35

99
58
41

51
36
15

7

6

9

n

"

22

12
11
1

2
2

60
19
41

6

11

3
2

51
10
41

324
4

18

*

1

10
2

33
24
9

_
“

8

18
15
3

_

3

2

10

5
i

7

1

19
13

61
31
30

1
1

5

18
13
5

53
27
26

22

7
5

28
27

8

15

9
3

53
46
7

56
23
33

6

11
2

45
31
14

8

11
6

14

11
2

_
-

1
1
2
2

_

_

-

-

_

_

*

22
3

6

1
1

19

2

41
27
14

14

4
4

"

3

1
1

6
6

4
2
2

18
18

16
16

1

1

8
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . , A u g u st 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s
IT „
U nder

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

%
(standard)

95

95
and
u nd er
100

S

$

100
_
1 05

105

1 10

_

_

110

115

115
_
120

1 20
_

125
_

125

130
_

1 30

_
135

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

ISO

200

2 10

220

230

145

150

160

1 70

180

1 90

2 00

210

2 20

230

2 40

_
140

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

361
305

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

295
257

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 1 5 8 .0 0 -

1 7 6 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------M ANUFACTURING ----------------

2 14
182

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 C 4 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 3 6 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0

1 4 5 .5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

14
14

1 8 1 . 0 0 - 2 0 6 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0 -2 1 0 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ----------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




109
104

112
105

20
20

9
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , professional, and tech nical o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en com bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R o c h e s t e r , N. Y . , A u g u st 1970)
Average

O cc up a tio n and ind ustry d i v is io n

Number
of

Average

Weekly

O cc up a tio n and in dus tr y di v is i o n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

of

(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

93
65
28

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

68
50
338
228
110

124.00
128.50
113.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS

38.5
38.0

100.50
99.00

39.5
40.0
38.5

130.00
136.00
118.00

440
211
229

39.0
40.0
38.5

107.00
116.50
98.50

CLASS A ----------------

36

39.5

113.50

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

75
61

39.0
39.5

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

127
32
95

38.0
39.5
37.5

91.50
100.50
88.50

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

135
99

39.5
39.5

111.50
117.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

170
152

39.5
39.5

129.50
131.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------

43
317
253
64

39.5
39.5
39.0

118.00
120.50
108.50

39.5
40.0
38.5

$
109.50
114.50
91.00

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

183
114
69

39.5
39.5
39.0

$
104.00
107.50
97.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

28
26

40.0
40.0

165.00
167.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

51
43

40.0
40.0

140.00
147.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

122
109

39.5
39.5

113.00
114.50

103.00

2,117
1 ,6 9 5
422
50

39.0
39.0
38.0
39.5

147.50
152.50
128.50
138.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

114
83
31

39.5
40.0
39.0

158.00
158.00
158.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

316
242
74

39.5
39.5
39.0

164.00
168.50
148.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------------------

178
156

40.0
40.0

121.00
123.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

585
483
102

37.0
37.0
38.5

150.00
152.50
139.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

523
280
243

39.0
40.0
38.0

98.50
103.00
94.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

1,102
887
215

39.5
40.0
37.5

140.50
147.50
112.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING —

658
108

39.5
37.5

120.50
108.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

371
314

40.0
40.0

192.50
193.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —

762
37

40.0
39.0

135.00
118.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

310
272

40.0
40.0

164.50
164.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

77
71

40.0
40.0

119.00
119.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

225
192

40.0
40.0

135.50
135.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING —

84
52

39.0
38.5

107.00
90.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

58
49

39.5
40.0

116.00
119.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

in
106

40.0
40.0

166.50
168.00

SECRETARIES ------------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

96.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
485
378
107

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

1 1 1 .0 0

*
o
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

(standard)

151

39.5
40.0
39.0

O cc upa tio n and industry d iv is io n

Number
of

o
o
*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

O

42

Weekly

CONTINUED

$
109.00

O

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------

Average

Number
Weekly

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------CLERKS,

FIL E,

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f tabl*




114.00

CLASS B --------

------------------------------------------------

10

Fo o tn o tes

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of w orkers. The median designates
position— half of the employees surveyed receive m ore than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly in v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s t;he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a ctio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c co u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o on e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m i n in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ir e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .

f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C la s s B. S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i le s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s “ o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i f ^ m s t o m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p and d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b i s n ot t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH O PE RATO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d i t io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r and
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t i o n on th e d o c u m e n t t o d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h is j o b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d i v id e d o n a fu n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

11

12
KEYPUNCH

O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

C la s s B.
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta t o b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

S E C R E T A R Y— C on t in u e d
d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass C
O F F IC E

BOY

O R G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , ” th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y o n in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

C lass A

all,

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 p erson s; or

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (imm ediately below the corporate officer level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 persons.
C lass B

all,

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
fewer than 100 p ersons; or

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 person s; or
c. Secretary to the head (imm ediately below the officer level) over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e .g ., m arketing, research, operations, industrial rela­
tions, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
em ployees; or




a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in t h e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v id e d in t o o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STEN O G RAPH E R,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k ,
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STENO G RAPH ER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n i n v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y .
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P erform s full telephone information service or handles
com plex ca lls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e
assignment. ( "F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
C lass B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are referred to another operator.)

13
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

C la s s C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f i li n g w o r k .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l la t in g ru n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s t o b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k and p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u la t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s
in v o lv in g
a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e bu t s m a ll t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r and m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s a n d s t u d ie s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a re w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a in i n g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fi n a l f o r m w h e n it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y t y p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
D R A F T S M A N — C o n t in u e d

DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l is h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o li d a t e s d e t a il s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
NU RSE,

o r r e p e t it iv e

d ra w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .

W o r k is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

I N D U S T R I A L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n ­
n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

14
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s in g t r o u b l e in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N .

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h t h e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in t h e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g .w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fi n e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in t h e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d cu t t in g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n t e r p r e t in g
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t io n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T I V E (M A I N T E N A N C E )

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s ,
a d ju s t in g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g and f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h it e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o l v e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t le s a n d i n s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w i n g ;
P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g and m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w it h o i l o r
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

grea se,

th e

m o v in g

p a rts

o r w e a r in g

s u r fa c e s

o f m e ch a n ica l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in ­
v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g ;
K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h it e le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o v / e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d fa s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g
t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r
f i n is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a ­
t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n t s and t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l li n g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w it h a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g
ou t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g a ll a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

15
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E ---- C o n t in u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R ---- C o n t in u e d

h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fi t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie

m a k er; jig

m a k er; tool m a k er;

fix tu re

m a k er;

gage m a k er)

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , fi x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
sta n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a te r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

sh op s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie

m a k ers

in

t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M akes rou n ds
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itre s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

c le r k

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y s iz e and ty p e
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

F IL L E R

(O r d e r

p ic k e r ;

stock

s e le cto r; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to fi l l i n g o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b i n a t i o n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (I V 2 t o and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a il e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i n c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
d a ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

(fo r k lift)
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

A vailab le O n

R e q u e s t -----

The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the inside front cover.
Abilene, Tex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Amarillo, Tex.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Billings, Mont.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
Durham, N.C.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.-Pa.-W. Va.
Great Falls, Mont.
Greensborcr-Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Hartford, Conn.
Huntsville, Ala.

Copies of public releases are

Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norwich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine^Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Monterey, Calif.
Santa Barbara, Calif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Valdosta, Ga.
V allej o—
Napa, C alif.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

The tenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
tracers, job analysts, directors of personnal, buyers, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1654, National Survey of
Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1969, 75 cents a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices.




A rea W age

Surveys

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1970-------------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y ., Feb. 1970---------------Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Mar. 1970 1-------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.— . J . , May 1970
N
Atlanta, G a ., May 1970 1-----------------------------------------------Baltimore, M d., Aug. 1969-------------------------------------------Beaumont—
Port Arthui—
Orange, Tex., May 1970------Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1970 __________________________
Birmingham, A la., Mar. 1970--------------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969 ---------------------------------------Boston, M a ss., Aug. 1969--------------------------------------------Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1969_______________________________
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1970_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1----------------------------------------------Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1970 1----------------------------------Charlotte, N .C ., Mar. 1970 1 ---------------------------------------Chattanooga, Ten n .-G a., Sept. 1969----------------------------Chicago, 111., Apr. 1969 1---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1970-------------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969------------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969_____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969------------------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—111.,
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969_______________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1-------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970 1 -------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970_____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969___________________________
Green Bay, W is., July 1970 1j --------------------------------------Greenville, S.C ., May 1970----------------------------------------- Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970----------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969___________________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1970_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969--------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1969___________________
Lawrence—Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H., June 1970 1----------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1970 1____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A naGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970------------------------------Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1970 1---------------- -------------------------Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1________________________
Memphis, Tenn.— rk., Nov. 1969 1 ___________________
A
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969________________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 _______________
Milwaukee, W is., May 1970 1__________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1970 1 _____________

Bulletin number
and price
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-11,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
45 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
65 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
50 cents

D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and sup plem en tary w a g e provisions are also presented.




Area
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h ts , M i c h ., J u n e 1970 1____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1970 1____________
New H a v e n , C on n ., J a n . 1970 1_________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r. 1969_____________________________
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 ------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 _____________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a, Se pt. 1 9 6 9 ________________________
P a t e r son — l i f t o r r - P a s s a i c , N . J . , Ju n e 1970 1_________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N ov. 1969 1-------------------------N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1970 1____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1 __________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g .— a s h . , M a y 1970 1-------------------------W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w ic k , R. I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1 9 7 0 _______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969_______________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 _____________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1970_________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, Nov. 1969 1----------------------------S a n A n ton io, T e x . , M a y 1970___________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e rs id e — n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 ' ---------------------------------S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1 9 6 9 ' --------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , Se pt. 1969 1 ----------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 0 * --------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1--------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , Wa s h . , J an. 1970---------------------------E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Se pt. 1969________________________
South B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 ' __________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 -----------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1969 1 ----------------T o l e d o , O h io— i c h . , F e b . 1970--------------------------------M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
U tica—R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 6 9 __________________________
W a sh in gto n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 ' ------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1970 1________________________
W ate r l o o , I o w a , J an. 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r. 1970 ' ____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 ' ________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1970 1__________________________________
Y ou ng stow n — a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1969 1_______________
W

Bulletin number
and pric e
1660- 85,
1660- 47,
1660- 40,
1660- 42,
1625- 88,

35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
60 cents

1660- 59,
1685- 5, ,
1660- 12,
1660- 87,
1660-48,
1660- 70,
1660- 60,
1660- 26,
1660- 77,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
45 cents
60 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
40 cents

1660- 72, 30 cents
1660- 6, 30 cents
1660- 65, 40 cents
1685- 7,
1660- 75,
1660- 66,
1660- 30,
1660- 71,

30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1660- 43,
1660- 36,
1660- 33,
1660- 24,
1660- 80,
1685- 3,
1660- 52,
1660- 14,
1660- 62,
1660- 86,
1660- 13,
1660- 7,
1660- 56,
1660- 21,
1660- 1 ,
1660- 19,
1660- 54,
1660-•
45,
1660-• 9,
6
1660-•
78,
1660-•
63,
1660-■ 38,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHIN GTO N, D.C .
O F F I C I A L




20212

B U S IN E S S

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS M A IL