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Public Lr

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A rea Wage S u rre y

The Richmond, Virginia, Metropolitan Area
November 1965

Bu lletin No. 1 4 6 5 - 2 8




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey

The Richmond, Virginia, Metropolitan Area




November 1965

Bulletin No. 1465-28
January 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T he B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sign ed to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r ea ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited States. A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is the
n eed fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by
o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru c tu re
and le v e l o f w a g es am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A t the end o f e a ch s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a
b u lletin p r e s e n ts su r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch a r e a stu d ied.
A ft e r c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lletin s fo r
a round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T he fir s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s studied into one b u lletin . T h e s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts
in fo rm a tio n w h ich has been p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
ro p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U nited States.

W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s __________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

B.

E ig h ty -fiv e a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d ed in the
p r o g r a m . In form a tion on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s is c o lle c t e d
annually in e a ch a r e a . In form a tion on e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s is obtain ed b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the su r v e y in
R ich m o n d , V a . , in N o v e m b e r 1965. T h e Standard M e t­
r o p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the B u reau o f the
Budget th rou gh M a r ch 1965, c o n s is t s o f the c ity o f R ic h ­
m on d; and the co u n tie s o f C h e s t e r fie ld , H a n ov er, and
H e n r ic o . T h is study w as con d u cted by the B u reau 's r e g io n a l
o f f ic e in A tla n ta , G a. , B ru n sw ick A . B a gdon , D ir e c t o r ; by
J e r r y G. A d a m s , u n der the d ir e c tio n o f J a m e s D. G arlan d .
T he study w as u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f D onald M .
C r u s e , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W a ges and In du s­
t r ia l R e la tio n s .




4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m ber s tu d ie d ______________________________________________________
In d exes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f
in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations — m e n and w o m e n _________________________
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n ..
m
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s ___________________
A - 5 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ____________

4
5
8
9
10
11

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o f f ic e w o r k e r s ___ 13
B -2 . Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls _____________________________________________ 14
B -3 . Sch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s ______________________________________ 15
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s __________________________________________________ 16
B -5 . P a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________ 17
B -6 . H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s .._____________________ 19
B -7 . H ealth in su r a n ce b e n e fits p r o v id e d e m p lo y e e s and
th eir d ep en d en ts______________________________________________ 20
B -8 . P r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s __________________________________________ 21

A p p en d ix es:
A . C h an ges in o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s _______________________________
B. O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ____________________________________________

areas.

* N O TE: S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(S ee in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and supple­
m e n ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s in the R ich m on d a r e a is a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r auto d e a le r r e p a ir sh op s (A u gu st 1964). U nion
s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pa y le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r
bu ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n , p r in tin g , lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m ­
p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .
Hi

3

23
25




Area Wage Survey--The Richmond, Va., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
r e p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w ork
sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s f o r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have
been rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 85 in w hich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l earn in g s
and rela ted w age ben efits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
In this a rea , data
w e re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e ­
sen tative e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M anu­
fa c tu r in g ; tra n sp orta tion , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le sa le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry g rou p s ex clu d ed fr o m th ese stu d ies are
g overn m en t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s .
E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a re
om itted b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the
o ccu p a tion s studied to w a rra n t in clu s io n .
S ep arate tabu lation s a re
p ro v id e d fo r e a ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u b ­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s t i­
m a te s .
In d u stries and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, thus, c on trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
The pay r e la tio n s h ip obta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age s p re a d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m a in tain ed am ong jo b s in
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls
f o r m en and w om en in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s should not be
a s su m e d to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the s e x e s w ithin
in dividu al e sta b lis h m e n ts . O ther p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n t r ib ­
ute to d iffe r e n c e s in pay f o r m e n and w om en in clu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate ra n g e s , s in c e on ly the actu al ra tes
paid in cu m b en ts a re c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a re a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the
sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g
e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a re u su ally m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose
u sed in in div idu al esta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s
am ong esta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h ese su rv e y s a re con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u se o f
the u n n e ce s sa ry c o s t in v olv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la rg e than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data,
h ow ev er, all e sta b lis h m e n ts a re g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s ­
tim ates b a sed on the esta b lis h m e n ts stud ied a re p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grou p in g and a rea,
e x ce p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am on g e sta b lis h m e n ts, the e s tim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t o b ­
tain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te
the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in
o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a rn in g s data.

O ccu p ation s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m an u factu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u str ie s , and a re o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s : ( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n iform se t o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in ter e sta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in du ties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
The o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
are lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B .
E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the o ccu p a tion s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a re not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta bles b e c a u se e ith er ( l ) em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n is too sm a ll
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) on s e le c te d
esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
r e la te to plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o rk e r s who
a r e u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w ork f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d . "P la n t w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g
lea d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s. " O ffic e w o r k ­
e r s " in clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r re la te d fu n c tio n s. C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en
a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu ded in nonm anu­
fa c tu r in g in d u s tr ie s .

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a re show n fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., th ose h ire d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in the g iven o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N on p rod u ction b on u ses a r e e x clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
bon u ses and in cen tive e a rn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w eek ly h ou rs a re




1

2
M inim um en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta blish m en ts v is it e d . They a re p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
with fo r m a l m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y p o li c ie s .
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
te r m s o f (1) e sta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant
w o rk e r em p loym en t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su r v e y .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
applying to a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no am ount ap p lied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u se d . In esta b lis h m e n ts in w hich som e
la t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p plied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s.
The sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
f i r s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated as applying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t. Paid h o lid a y s ;
paid v a c a tio n s ; health, in su r a n ce , and p e n s io n p la n s ; and p r o fit -s h a r in g
plans (ta b les B -4 through B -8 ) a r e tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly qu alify f o r the p r a c ­
tic e s lis te d . Sum s o f in d iv id u al ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rough B -8 m a y
not equ al tota ls b e c a u s e o f roun din g.
D ata on paid h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on h o li­
da ys granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s i s ; i. e. , (1) a re p r o v id e d fo r
in w ritten fo r m , o r (2) have b een e sta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H olid ays
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a r e in clu d ed ev en though they m ay fa ll on a n on ­
w ork da y, even if the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff. The f i r s t
p a rt o f the paid h olid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ber of w h ole and h alf
h olid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n ted. The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h olid a y s to sh ow total h olid a y t im e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a rra n g e m e n ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith pay is gra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
E s tim a te s
ex clu d e v a c a tio n -s a v in g s plans and th ose w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r
"s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits bey on d b a s ic plan s to w o r k e r s w ith qu alifyin g
len gths o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the ste e l,
alum inum , and ca n in d u s tr ie s . S ep arate e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c ­
c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a c a tio n pa ym en ts, su ch as
tim e pa ym en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s, o r fla t-su m am ou n ts. H ow ­
e v e r, in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n pay, p a ym en ts not on a tim e b a s is
w e re c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ; f o r ex a m p le , a pa ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the eq u iv a len t o f 1 week* s pay.
D ata a re p r e s e n te d f o r a ll health, in su ra n ce , and p e n sio n
plans (ta b le s B - 6 and B -7 ) f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b orn e by the e m p lo y e r , ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts su ch as

w o r k m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n ce
com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rough a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r this p u r p o s e .
D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in ­
su r a n c e . S e le cte d h ealth in su ra n ce b en e fits p r o v id e d e m p lo y e e s and
depen den ts a r e a ls o p r e s e n te d .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in su r a n ce u nder w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h paym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w hich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H ow ev er, in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w hich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s, 2 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts o f the la w . T ab u lation s
o f paid s ic k le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) plan s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aiting p e r io d .
In ad dition
to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u ndu plicated
total is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .
C a ta strop h e in su ra n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s beyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e fe r s to plan s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such plans m a y b e u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d
to th ose plan s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .
P r o fit -s h a r in g plan s (ta b le B -8 ) a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans
w ith d e fin ite fo r m u la s f o r com p u tin g p r o fit s h a r e s to be d is tr ib u te d
am ong e m p lo y e e s and w h ose fo r m u la s w e re c o m m u n ica te d to e m ­
p lo y e e s in ad va n ce o f the d e te rm in a tio n o f p r o fit s . D ata a r e p r e s e n te d
a c c o r d in g to p r o v is io n s f o r d is tr ib u tin g p r o fit s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s ;
( l ) C u r re n t o r c a s h d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o fit sh a r e s w ithin a sh o rt p e r io d
a fte r d e te rm in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (2) d e fe r r e d d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o fit s h a r e s
a fte r a s p e c ifie d n u m ber o f y e a r s o r at r e tir e m e n t; (3) c o m b in a tio n
c u r r e n t and d e fe r r e d p la n s ; and (4) e le c tiv e d is tr ib u tio n pla n s, under
w h ich e a c h p a rticip a n t is r e q u ire d to s e le c t w h eth er to take h is sh a re
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r 's p r o fit in ca sh , have it d e fe r r e d , o r p a rt in c a s h
and p a rt d e fe r r e d .

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u rv e y and num ber studied in R ich m on d, V a. , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 N ov em b er 1965
N u m b e r of establishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
m e n t s in scope
of study

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study *

Studied

Total4

Studied

Plant
Number

A U divisions___________________________________
Manufacturing_________________________________
No nmanufacturing—
— — —
— --- — — Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 -------------------Wholesale trade- — --- --- ------Retail trade— _______________ _____________ _
F inanc e _______ _____ __ ________________ __
S e r v i c e s * ----------------------------------

_

Office

Percent

Total4

415

131

89, 600

100

55, 000

16, 300

54, 730

50
-

138
277

49
82

42, 000
47,600

47
53

31, 000
24,000

3, 900
12,400

26, 390
28, 340

50
50
50
50
50

40
71
78
48
40

17
16
18
18
13

11,800
7, 300
15, 100
8, 900
4, 500

13
8
17
10
5

5, 100
(*)
(6)
0

(6)

3, 100
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

9, 760
2, 600
8, 290
5, 710
1,980

1 The R ich m on d Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a , as defin ed by the B u reau o f the Budget through M a rch 1965, c o n s is t s o f the c it y o f R ich m on d ; and the cou n ties o f C h e s te r fie ld ,
H anover, and H e n r ic o .
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s show n in this table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in
the su rv ey .
The e s tim a te s are not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p loym en t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p loy m en t tren d s o r le v e ls s in ce (1) planning
o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts are ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv ey .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual and the 1963 Supplem ent w e re u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Inclu des all esta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 es ta b lis h m e n t.
4 Inclu des ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te plant and o f fic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d . R ic h m o n d 's gas u tility is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is ex clu d ed b y defin ition fr o m the s c o p e of the study.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . Separate p resen ta tion
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo ym e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple
w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o rk e rs fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p ortion on ly in
es tim a tes fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S eparate p re s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv en in footn ote 6 above.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir shops; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a rita b le org a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g
and a rc h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




H alf o f the e m p lo y e e s w ithin s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the R ich m on d a r e a w e re e m ­
p lo y e d in m an u factu rin g f ir m s .
The fo llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry gro u p s and
s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f all m an ufacturin g:
Industry g ro u p

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

C h e m ic a ls ----------------------------------- 19
P r im a r y m e t a ls ________________ 10
F o o d p r o d u c ts ---------------------------- 10
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s _____9
P rin tin g and p u b lish in g________

7

C ig a r e tte s -------------------------------------- 16
P la s t ic s and synthetic
m a t e r ia ls -------------------------------------16
R o llin g , draw in g, and
extruding o f n o n fe r r o u s
B a k ery p r o d u c ts ---------------------------

4

T h is in fo r m a tio n i s b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f total em p lo ym e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to actual su r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as show n in table 1 ab ove.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a re in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of change in
a v e r a g e s a la r ie s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s of s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s of change re la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
of w o rk , that is , the stan dard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w hich s t r a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey m e a s u re ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a re b a se d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch grou p .
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Office boys and girls
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Typists, classes A and B

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are
excluded because of a change in the description this year.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y em p loy m en t in each of
Table 2.

the jo b s du ring the p e r io d s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e se w eig h ted ea rn in g s
fo r in d iv id u al o ccu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ce n ta g e )
o f the g rou p a g g re g a te f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the oth er
y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r ce n ta g e of change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.
The
in d ex es w e r e com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s f o r ea ch grou p
a g g re g a te f o r ea ch p e r io d a fte r the b a s e y e a r (1961).
The in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s of change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ;
and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g es due to ch a n g es in the la b o r fo r c e r e ­
su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and
ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith
d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls . C hanges in the la b o r fo r c e can c a u se in c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w age ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r
paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s
a r e d u ctio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the
o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m ov em en t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h ­
m en t out o f an a r e a co u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e e a rn in g s to d ro p , even
though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a rea .
Data a r e ad ju sted w h e re n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e fr o m the in d e x e s and
p e r c e n ta g e s of change any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d b y ch a n ges in
s c o p e of the su rv ey .
The u se o f con stan t em p loy m en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data. The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly ch a n g es in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rs.
T h ey a r e not in flu e n ce d by
ch a n g es in stan dard w ork s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Richmond, V a .,
November 1965 and November 1964, and percents o f increase for selected periods
Indexes
(December 1960=100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents o f increase

November 1964 November 1963
to
to
November 1965 November 1964
November 1965 November 1964

November 1962 November 1961 December 1960 February 1960
to
to
to
to
November 1963 November 1962 November 1961 Decem ber 1960

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m en )-------Industrial nurses ( men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

118.1
110.7
117.7
123.1

112.1
106.6
111.6
118.4

5 .4
3.8
5 .5
4 .0

2 .6
.5
2 .6
2 .7

2 .6
3 .5
2.3
3.1

2 .5
1.0
2 .6
3 .2

3.9
1.5
3.5
18.3

2 .6
3 .7
3 .4
5 .3

Manuf acturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m en )-------Industrial nurses ( men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

113.9
109.9
116.2
126.0

110.0
105.5
110.6
119.9

3 .5
4.2
5.1
5.1

2.1
0
2 .3
3 .3

2.8
3 .4
1.9
3 .7

2 .0
1.5
2 .7
3 .2

2.8
.5
3.2

2 .9
3 .6
3 .2
2 .5

h .4

1 The amount o f this increase reflected the effect o f the new minimum wage and changes in employment among establishments with different pay levels, in addition
to general wage changes.




5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , R ich m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)

Number o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
Number

$

45

$

$

$

$

workers

weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1 -------- $
135
140

$

"
145

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

6
1
5

10
-

2

—

10
2

5
3
2
“

5
5
—

7
5
2
2

5
2
3
~

3
2
1
1

15
8
7
7

15
2
13
10

11
10
1
1

4
3
3

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
1
2
1

3
1
2

4
2
2
2

4
2
2
1

8
7
1
~

7
6
1
1

7
7
-

4
4
-

15
6
9
6

5
3
2
2

-

4
4
—

-

6
1
5
5

_
-

-

9
3
6
6

1
1
-

-

6
5
1
1

“

“

-

14

-

21

8

-

15

4

-

4

-

2

-

1

1

-

5

3
3
~

_
-

~

18
2
16

1
1

~

1
1
~

1

-

1

1

1

5

1

3

6

5

-

2

-

-

-

-

2
1

3
1

9
9

11
6

11
9

2
2

2
2

2
1

4

8
8

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

Middle range 2

and
under

and
140

145

over

M
EN
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 C .0

$
1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 U .5 0

$
$
$
1 2 4 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 6 . Ou 1 1 7 . 5 0 - 1 5 1 . 0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0

88
54
34
26

3 9 .C
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .u

1 0 5 .U C
1 0 4 .5 0
1 C 5 .5 C
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 0 . 5u
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

~

2
1
1
1

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------

75

4 0 .0

9 4 . CO

8 7 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -

9 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NOtvMANUFACTOR IN G ---------------------------

75
28
47

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 9 .0 0
6 7 . 5C
7 0 . OC

6 4 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

5 6 .0 0 6 2 .0 0 5 4 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

-

17
3
14

8
1
7

14
9
5

13
8
5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------

26

3 9 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

T AeUL ATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

57
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 0 . OC
9 1 . OC

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

_

_

_

_

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I -----------------------------------------------

43

3 9 .5

6 7 .5 0

6 2 .5 0

5 8 .0 0 -

7 5 .0 0

-

-

19

6

2

6

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE -----------------------------------------------

68

3 7 .5

7 0 .5 0

6 6 .0 0

6 0 .5 0 -

8 7 .5 0

-

7

9

18

3

11

3

-

-

10

4

-

3

SOtlKKEEP ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR IN G ---------------------------

89
46
43

3 9 .0
3 9 .6
3 9 .u

8 1 .5 U
8 2 .5 0
81' . 5 0

8 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 -

9 2 . OC
9 3 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

_

_

6
5
1

4
4

9

12
4
8

3

~

23
22
1

7

9

14
5
9

_

-

1
2

6
5
1

3
3
~

BDOKKFERING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS P . ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

179
33
146

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .o

6 8 .C *
C
7 2 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 8 . CO
7 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 2 .5 0 6 4 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 -

7 5 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

19
4
15

30
5
25

49
5
44

26
3
23

10
4
6

24
9
15

9
2
7

1
1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

288
49

3 8 .o
3 9 .0

9 5 .(0
1 C 3 .C C

9 7 . CC
9 9 .0 0

9 1 . O C- 9 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

_

14
~

6

5
-

22
10

22
4

14
5

152
8

18
5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------PUBLIC UT IL ITIES4 -----------------------

403
76
327
85

38. u
3 8 .5
3 8 ..1
3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0
8 9 . UC
7 5 . CC
8 7 .0 0

7 5 . CO
8 4 .5 0
7 1 . CO
8 6 .0 0

65
77
64
71

-

74
8
66
12

39
6
33
9

47
11
36
6

40
15
25
8

25
6
19

29

23
8
15
-

13
10
3

4

5
24
20

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------

54
46

3 8 .5
38. L
*

8 2 . 5C
8 1 . 5C

7 9 .0 0
7 6 . OC

6 8 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 -

9 4 .0 0
9 8 .C 0

12
12

5
5

7
7

5

4

4

2

2

1

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------

2C.7
39
168
41

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

6 3 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .5o

5 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 U —
5 7 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 -1

7 4 .L 0
7 5 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
1 0 .5 0

20
1
19

28
21

11

8

4

_

2

5

7

3

2
2

-

—

2

-

9
-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 -----------------------

143
86
57
3(.

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 -----------------------

—

7

15
8
7
3

10
10
—

_

27
3 26
1
1

WM
O EN

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

- 8 7 .5 U
- 9 9 .0 0
- 8 4 .0 0
- 9 4 .5 0

-

~

-

11
-

-

11
_

-

_

-

-

-

4
-

32
-

54
-

4

32

54
7

-

_

“

_
-

-

24

4
20
-

5
5
51
51

2

_
40

4
36
16

-

1
6

_

_

1

“

~

1

“

10
6

6

3
2

5
3

3

2
~

-

”

2
2

4
4

2
2

6
6
6

2
1
1
l

-

3
1

—
“

3
3
“

1
1
~

1

-

1

6
1
5

_
—

3

2

-

5

2
2

-

-

4
4

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2

1
1

“

“

**

“

~

_

7

4

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

4

6
6

4
4

-

-

-

“

-

-

•

“

2

4

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , R ich m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

%

___

$

S

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

145

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12L

125

130

135

14G

145

over

12
12

8
6

2
2

1

8
7
1

16
1
15

10
9
1

6
5
1

6
6
-

7
7
“

13
2
11

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

1

3

5
3
2

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

6
6

3

6
2
4

45
M ean2

Median

2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

WOMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

145
133

38.5
38.5

$
58.50
58.50

$
57.50
57.5U

$
$
54.50- 61.00
55.00- 60.50

-

39
33

68
66

16
14

CLERKS, O R D E R -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

88
43
45

40 .0
4C.0
40.0

83.00
89.50
77.00

82.00
90.00
77. 00

74.00- 98.50
81.50- 98.50
62.50- 95.00

-

1
1

7
7

7
7

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

150
65
85

38.5
39.0
38.5

89.50
92.00
88.00

87.50
84.50
88.50

76 .5 0- 10 1.CO
75.50-104.00
77 .5 0- 99.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
7
5

11
4
7

9
5
4

21
9
12

12
9
3

23
5
18

3
1
2

19
4
15

17
7
1C

1
1
-

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

144
40
104

39.5
39.5
39.5

77.00
77.50
76.50

75.50
75.00
75.50

68.00- 82.CO
66.00- 84.50
68.00- 79.50

_
-

_
-

7
7

14
10
4

26

32

4
2
2

1
1
-

6
1
5

3
3
-

5
1
4

3

32

19
11
8

1

26

23
11
12

1

3

DUPLIC AT IN G- MA CH IN E OP ER AT OR S
(M IMEOGRAPH OR DITTO 1 -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

32
32

38.5
38.5

71.50
71 . 5C

69.50
69.50

64.00- 75.00
64.00- 75 .0o

“

-

-

1n
10

7
7

8
8

1
1

~

6
6

K E Y P U N C H OPERATORS, CL A S S A -------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

128
48
80

38.5
39.5
37.5

82.00
90.50
77.00

80.00
88.00
75.00

73.50- 88.5'J
84.00- 93.50
72.00- 82.00

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

4

19
3
16

14
5
9

27
18
9

11
8
3

2
2
-

2

_

_

-

-

-

4

40
5
35

KE YP U N C H OPERATORS, CLAS S 8 -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4---------------

288
39
249
102

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

73.50
68.50
72.50 71.50
73.50
68.00
85.00 10U.50

63 .5 0- 77.50
67.50- 79.00
62.50- 76.00
63 .5 0- 10 5.OC

-

9
9

28
28
5

51
2
49
20

86
16
70
7

36
6
3C
8

14
8
6
2

9
5
4
1

2
1
1
1

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

61
54

37.5
37.5

57.00
56.50

54.50
54.50

52.00- 62 .OU
52.00- 61.50

3

30
28

6
6

19
17

1

1

-

-

-

1
1

S E C R E T A R I E S 5 6------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S4---------------

999
424
575
105

38.5 95.00
92.50
39.0 98.00
95.50
38.5 93.00
88.00
39.5 113.00 120.50

82.50-104.50
89.00— 105.00
78.50-104.00
88.50-132.00

_
-

_
—

-

28
10
18

39
13
26
3

71
11
60
5

60
6
54
4

114
20
94
8

118
59
59
9

SECRETARIES, CLASS A6-------------N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

68
44

39.0 102.00 101.50
39.0 103.50 103.00

90.00-117.00
92.00-117.00

_

_

_

-

_

6
6

2

6
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS B 6-------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U BL IC UTILITIES4---------------

223
75
148
26

38.5 98.50 97.00
39.0 104.00 111.00
92.OC
38.0 95.50
39.0 108.50 121.00

83.50- 11 4.OU
90.00-117.50
82.00-106.LO
87.00-123.50

_
—
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

5

7
4
3
-

18

SECRETARIES, CLASS C 6-------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UTILITIES4---------------

233
42
191
33

39.0 96.00
91.00
39.0 102.50
99.00
39.0 94.50
88.00
40.0 116.5C 131.00

80.50-107.50
91 .00-109.50
80.50-107.00
87.50-136.00

_
—
-

_
-

_
-

5
1
4

9
5
4
~

17

SECRETARIES, CLASS D 6
-------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S4---------------

317
130
187
40

39.0 90.00
87.00
40.0 96.00
91 . 5C
38.5
86.00 82.50
40.0 110.00 116.50

74.00- 97.00
85 .50-102.50
72.50- 93.50
89 .0 0- 13 0.CO

-

_
-

_
-

23
9
14
~

25
8
17
1

STENOGRAPHERS, G E N E R A L -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S4---------------

555
242
313
151

39.0 83.50
79.00
39.0 80.00
80. CO
39.0 86.50 77.50
3, . 5 100.00 111.00

71.50- 9 0 . OC
75.50- 85.00
68.00- 111.00
76.50-116.00

37
7
30
15

63
9
54
14

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le ,




6

2

_

_

-

-

—

~

18
4
14

-

-

-

-

5
2

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

1
1

26

26

-

-

-

-

26
26

26
26

139
88
51
2

104
60
44
3

85
52
33
1

44
22
22
2

42
22
2C
8

36
21
15
6

37
13
24
14

21
6
15
8

22
4
16
17

11
1
10
7

6
2
4
3

22
14
8
5

3
3

5
3

9
3

11
10

5
4

2
2

7
5

3

3
2

2
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

38
11
27
3

20
4
16
4

19
5
14

12
2
10

20
2
18
1

11
7
4

23
13
10
1

18
17
1
-

24
8
16
13

4
2
2
1

22
1
21
4

39
1
38
4

20
1
19
1

26
11
15
1

18
2
16
-

10
5
5
~

18
6
12
2

5
2
3
2

41
7
34
5

18
3
15
“

31
3
28
1

47
26
21
4

45
28
17
1

20
8
12
2

12
12

2
-

71
31
40
8

1C6
69
37
3

80
65
15
5

42
34
8

20
11
9
3

8
6
2
2

9
6
3
1

-

17

—

18

3

-

_

_

_

4

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

~

~

4
1

9
1
8
6

1

7
4
3
3

3

7

-

-

3
~

7
-

6
1
5
l

11
1
1C
9

11
6
5
5

8
2
6
5

3
2
1
1

8
2
6
6

9
2
7
7

13

43

24

12

3

13
13

43
42

24
23

12
12

3
2

2

~

-

1
~

1
l

3
2
1
l

5

_

_

1

5
4

-

-

1
1

1
-

-

10
10
-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , R ich m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings*
(standard)
mber

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

$

$

$

$

$

ikers

weekly
hours*
(standard)

S

$

$

$

$

$
$
i
$
$
$
*
$
$
i
100 105
120 125 130 135 140 145
110 115

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

—
-

~

“

-

14
4
10
“

33
9
24
4

30
6
24
6

25
2
23
2

12
8
4
1

21
5
16

29
7
22
9

8
6
2
2

11
6
5
1

3
1
2
2

17
9
8

_

1
1

6
6

11
9

7
5

16
9

6

2
~

_

3

10
1

-

1
l

11
11

4
4

“

10
10

3
2

9

_

_

_

1

_

6

4
2

_

6

2
2

3
1
2

2
2

2

_

45
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

and
125

130

3
~

15
4
11
10

_

_

135

140

2
2
-

_

-

-

_

_

145 over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
STENOGRAPHERS. S E N I O R -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P UHL IC UTILITIES4 -------------s w i t c h 3 jard o p f r a t o r s , c l as s

a 6 ---

226
75
151
4*.

38,5
39,5
38.5
39.0

$
92.CO
98 .CC
88.50
99 . CO

$
90.00
98.00
84.0u
97.50

$
$
76.50- 104.00
80.00- 116.50
76.00- 98.00
80.50- 122.50

75

82.5C
83.50

79.CO
77.50

70.50- 90.00
68.00- 1C6.50

_

3

NJ NMANUFACTURING -----------------

5('

38.5
38.5

SWITCHPUARD OPERATORS, CLASS B6--N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

92
81

41.5
41.5

69 .CC
63.50

64.50
61. CO

54.00- 79.CO
53.DO- 73.00

14
14

11
11

14
14

8
8

SW IT C H 8 1 ARD UP ERA TOP-RECEP TI ON I STSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

148
55
<53

40.U
39.5

72.5f
74.CC
71.50

71 . 5C
73.50
71.CO

64. 00- 81.00
65.50- 83.00
61.00- 78.50

_
—
~

_
-

23
1
22

19
11
8

25
14
11

27
3
24

16

8
8

10
9
1

21

<*L.u

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------N 1NMAN0FACTUR I N G -----------------

33
25

38.0
37.5

77.CC
70. UC

76 .CO
71 .v0

66. SC- 86.50
64. SC- 78.50

3
3

4
4

5
5

4
4

5
5

3
3

5
1

_

~

OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

108
34
74

39.0
39.5
39. J

70.50
74.CO
69.00

68.50
77.0C
67.50

64. 00- 74.50
66.00- 83.50
64.00- 71.50

_
-

7
4
3

24
4
20

34
5
29

18
2
16

8

7
6

4
4
~

2
2
“

1

7
1

1

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------NGN ^ AN U FACT UR I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 --------------

145
33
112
45

38.5
38.5
38. 5
39.0

75.5C
82. CC
73.5c
77.CO

72.00
79.00
7G.5U
70.00

65.5071.5064.5062.50-

82.50
92.50
80. 5G
87.50

_

2

26
2
24
6

27
8
19
1

16

2
2

2

4

5
5

1

4

10
1
9
9

1

-

23
2
21
11

14

-

10
2
8
5

-

-

-

—

-

TYPISTS, CLASS a -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------NOi-HANUFACTUK I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 -------------- 1
6
5
4
*
2

491
83
4u 8
4r

38.5
39. f
38 .5
39.5

6 5 . 5C
7 1 . CC
64.50
76.0C

6 4 . Uu
72.CO
62.50
71.00

59.0066.00—
38.5066.50-

71.50
77.00
69.00
79. CO

125
6
119
1

127
9
118
6

74
12
62
12

67
28
39
7

t r a n s c x i b i n g -m a c h i n e

_
_
-

_

-

-

_

2
1
25
4
21

8
8

6

10
2
50
11
39
6

1

12
4

8

6

15

2

3
-

3
3

_
-

_
_
-

2

2

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

3
3

1

1
1

4
4

_

3

2

—

-

—

3

1
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

~

-

-

-

5

6

3
3

2
2

5
2
3
3

5
5

3

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers.
The me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than
the higher rate.
r Workers were distributed as follows: 5 at $ 1 45 to $150; 4 at $ 1 55 to $160; 5 at $1 60 to $165; 6 at $ 1 65 to $170; and 6 at $1 70 and over.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.
6 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Richmond, V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean13
2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

and
under
75

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

80

85

9C

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

2
2

70

1
1

11
10

2
2

10
10
6
6

4
4

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

-

2
2

-

—

4
4

6
6

2
2

5
3

4

9
9

4

12
12

18
17

7
3

10
7

10

8

4

6

1

2

—

-

~

”

5

1
1

-

1
l

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

3
3

165

17C
and
overj

M
EN
DRAFTSMEN* CLASS A3MANUFACTURING ----

39
32

$
$
$
$
39.5 15 5.CC 158.00 146.00-167.00
39.5 151.50 154.00 144.00-166.50

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS d 3MANUFACTURING----

118
95

40.0 125.50 129.00 111.0 0 -1 41 .0G
39.5 121.50 126.0C li0.OC-134.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3MAN'JFACTUR I NG ----

54
44

99.00-120.00
39.5 1U7.0C 112.50
40. f 109.00 114.50 1C1.0 0 -1 21 .5C
;

64
53

98.00-119.50
39.L 109.00 1C 7.50
39. L 111.00 109.00 10 U.50-123.0C

-

5
4

-

_

•

4
4

2
1

2
2

1
1

2
1

3
2
1

-

16
16

4
2

4

6
1

1
l

11
11

8

5
4

8

13
10

6
6

4

6

5

8

—

4

WM
O EN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( RFG ISTF RED) ----MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

2
2

8

5

3

4
4

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
3 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




4

2

1

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , R ic h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

46

39.5

$
70.CO

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

68

37.5

91
46
45

39.u
39.5
39.0

82.00
82 .5t
81.00

80OKKEFP ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLAS S A -------MAN OF ACTUR I N G --------------------N JNM ANUFACTUR I N G ----------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S2 --------------CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N ^ M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

39. o
39.5
39.o

431
135

38.5 105.LX
39.0 123.CC
38.5 9 6 . 5C

296

491
130

361

111
7o

68
35

69. OC
74.50
67.50

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.0

82 .5C
95.50
78.00
92.50

39.0
39.0
39.5

122.00
70.50
71.50
7C.50
91.00

I 2.OC

SWITCH BO AR C O P E R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

148

37.5

77.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------81

93

40.0
39.5
40 .U

3u

39.0 1C3.50

OFFICE BOYS AND

& IRLS——— — — —— —— —— ———

PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S2 ----------------------------------M A N U r A L 1UK l ^ b
r» AKiil CATTliO IM T

—

_

NU NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

39.u
39.0
38.5

91.CC
92. CC
90.00

COMPTOMETER OP ER AT OR S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

147
43
104

39.5
39.5
39.5

77.00
77.50
76.50'

DU PL IC AT IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR D I T T O ) -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

49
4*>

39.0
39.0

72.CO
70.00

39.0

74.00

1,021

39.0

96.00

K
•ao k
39.5

94.50
116.50

KQ7

"

1
116

N CNM ANU FACT UR ING

—— —

M mix U r AX 1 UK l l y H _
n AKiliCATTiiD Ikl g

NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -----------------------------------

27

SECHFT AKIESy CLASS C
MANU FA CT UR IN G —— ——— — — ——
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ———— — ———— ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------- ------------------------

245
42
2C3
45

39.U 98.00
39.0 102.50
39.0 97.00
40.0 123.00

p r rC K r T AR 1 c o y
r n c I ao t r e

325
13 C
195
48

39.0 91.00
40.0 96.00
38.5 88.00
40.0 113.00

242
339
169

39 C 8 0 G C
39.0
87.OU
39.5 Iu2.o0

234
76
158
47

39.0 93.00
39.5
38.5
90.5C
39.0 1C3.5C

r\^
U —

——— —————

NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG - - ----------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES^ ----------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ——— — ——— — ——
MANUFACTUR ING — — — — — — — ——
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------m i.n t
P U B L IC

u rn ir iff2
U l l L I l I c b — —— — —

—

39.0
39. 5
39.0

72.50
79.00
69.00

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.0

75.50
82.00
73.50
77.00

38.5

66.00

38.5
39.5

71.00
65.00
79.CO

—

•

•
----------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B*
M A NU FA CT UR IN G
N JNM ANU FACTUR ING

r arb
LiL A b p

77.50
72.00

420
52

— — —

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L __ —

3d 5 98 50
39.U 104.00
95.50
39.0 108.50

dc

38.0
38.0

TA EULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS,

TYPISTS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G — — —
NQ NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UTILITIES2

a4
o "

Air*) M A N U A 1 m I m b
N Ua .lA k m rr A tm UK vN c

87.50

120

""

38. 0

5C3

"

46
74
145
33

112
45

—— — ———— — —
—

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

*

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A* ------------------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G — — —

p i..131. I X
r i a i IT

. . ,

U T Tl T 1 I C O
:2
v • IL I T IF 1

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A4 ---------N UN M ANU FACT UR ING — —
——
— —

75
50

38.5
38.5

82.5C
83.50

OP AFT S H E M , CLASS C 4
MA NU FA CT UR IN G

SW IT CH 6 0 ARC OPERATORS, CLASS B4 ---------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ———— — — —

92
81

41.5
41.5

69.OU
6 3 . 5U

NURSES,

39.5 155.00
39.5 151.50

124

40.0 125.00
39.5 121.50

^

-

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

n Hiyu r mw 1 UK l i i X

39
32

■
■

—

Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
M a y include workers other than those presented separately.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




7K5G

56

fill* M AINUi A b 1 UK 4*NU "
Pi J«\“ AMI IF ATTIIR [M f,

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G — —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -----------------------------------

r i Ar r
LLAob

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

p *r c.ai
An u c n p
r cm cn ai
d 1 tN U u K A rn rK by
b c N c K A L — — ————
———
kl AAlllC AT 1 UK IMP
n AIN Ur A t TIID 1NO —
————— —————— —

171
81
90

41

66.00

224
75

r r r n r T in r c r
o t L K t ! AK i t o »

58.5C
58.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

63.50

39.0 103.00
39.0 10 4.5C

38.5
38.5

79.50

38.5
39.u

69
45

145
133

88.00
100.00

136
35

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 4-------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

40.0
40. u
40. u

KliUlM AklMC ATTlIU IINU
INUJ'H AIN U r AO 1 UK IA.T —— —— ————— — —

127

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES2 -----------------------------------

95

73*50
85.50

72.50

TABUL AT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

----------------------------------------iiT fi f r f c f2
U llL llI tb —

m ini t c
P U B L IC

53

68

39 5
38.5

u A M . i C A UK lIMb
r! A 'M U rA bPIn m TAir —— ————————————— —

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS*

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.0

163

*P

38.5

1C3

97.00
98.50

CLERKS, O R D E R -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

129

73.CO

219

180

Average
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

o f

CLEPKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S2---------------

39

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUEO

------------------

OK

1 87
41
146

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUEO

KE YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A

70.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NJ NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Number
of

Occupation and industry division

25

40.0

-™
->

56
44

39.5 106.00
40 *u 109.00

64
53

39.6 109.00
39.0 1 1 1 . 0 0

-------

138.50

10
Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R ic h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)
Hourly ea mings 1

Num ber o f w ork er s receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f—
$
$
S
S
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1.7C 1 .8 0 1.9C 2 . GO 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2 . 60 2 . 70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3 .1 0 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
U nder1’ 40
$
and
and
1 .4 0 under
$

O ccupation and industry division
kers

M ean2

M edian

2

M iddle range 2

1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1.8C 1 .9 0 2.0C 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2 . 70 2 . 80 2.90 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3.20 3 .3 0 3.40 3.50 ov er

C ARPENTER S» MA I N T E N A N C E --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

95
68
27

$
3.11
3 .1 8
2 .9 4

$
3 .2 8
3 .3 3
2 .8 9

$
2 .8 9 3 .1 3 2 .7 4 -

EL FCTPICIANS t M A I N T E N A N C E ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

253
246

3 .3 0
3 .3 1

3 .4 2
3 .4 2

3 . 3 0 - 3 .4 6
3 . 3 1 - 3 .4 6

-

ENGINEERS, S T A T I O N A R Y -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

68
45

2 .7 9
2 .9 4

2 .7 8
3 .0 4

2 . 4 5 - 3 .3 1
2 . 7 2 - 3 .3 4

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

86
75

2.1C
2 .2 4

2 .0 5
2 .2 8

1 . 7 6 - 2 .6 1
1 . 8 3 - 2 .6 3

10
1

HcLPERS, MAINTENANCE T R A O E S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

119
81
38

2 .5 1
2 .5 4
2 .4 5

2 .6 4
2 .6 4
2 .6 5

2 . 3 9 - 2 .6 9
2 . 5 3 - 2 .6 7
2 . 0 4 - 2 .7 6

1
-

MACHINISTS, M A I N T E N A N C E --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

233
23C

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

3 . 3 2 - 3 .3 9
3 . 3 2 - 3 .3 9

—

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M A I N T E N A N C E ! --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NJNM ANUFACTUP I N G -------------PUBLIC UTIL IT ItS3 ------------

247
36
211
175

2 .7 9
2 .7 6
2 .8 0
2 .81

2 .8 2
2 .8 4
2.7C
2 .6 8

2 .5 0 2 .8 0 2 .4 9 2 .4 9 -

MECHANICS, M A I N T E N A N C E ---------M A N U F A C T U R I M G ------------------

549
526

3 .1 2
3.13

3 .3 C

3 .3 1

2 . 9 2 - 3 .4 4
2 . 9 4 - 3 .4 4

_
~

H L E R S -----------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------

95
95

2 .3 5
2.35

2 .5 1
2 .5 1

2 . 0 7 - 2 .5 7
2 . 0 7 - 2 .5 7

1
1

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCF -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

lc4
9v

3 .0 9
3 .2 c

3 .3 3

3 .3 4

2 . 8 9 - 3 .3 6
3 . 3 1 - 3 .3 7

67

3 .3 5

3 .4 1

3 . 3 1 - 3 .4 6

SHEtT-^ETAL WO k KERS, MAINTENANCE

$
3*37
3 .3 8
3 .2 7

3 .1 5
2 .8 8
3 .1 6
3 .1 6

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

1
-

1

1
1

_

-

_

2
1
2

1

~

-

_

_
~

2
2
~

1
_

-

1
1

_

4

1

4
-

2

16
16

7
7

8
8

_
“

1
1

2
2
-

4
4

_
-

7
2

—

_
~

1
1

1
1

5
-

1
-

5

1

_

_

3

-

1
2
-

4

_

-

2
2

~

_

_

-

-

_

1
1

7
7

2

1

1

_
_
-

9
4

~

-

_
-

—
“

4
4

12
12

-

-

10

5
4

1
1

_

_

5

25
25

7

~

6

36
33

149
149

5
4

2
1

_
-

16

1

2

10

-

-

15
15

1
1

2
1

6
6

16
16

2
2

_

8

54
54

16

-

3
1
2

7
7

11
11

.
“

1

5
5

2
2

3

-

6
6

8

_
-

8

-

6

5
2

2

1
1

3
3

“

-

-

2
6

1
1

2
2

_

3
3

1
1

4
4

—

9

6
1
5

35

9

5

35

10
10

13
11

7

—

-

_

2
4

-

1

-

~

5

4

2
5

1

1
l
-

“

-

2
2

1

1

-

_

2

~

_

_

-

1
1

_

17
17

_
-

_
“
5
5

-

2

7

6

_
-

_

1

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

2

2

_
_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

2
2

1
1

164
164

42
42

5

60

12
2
10

8
-

12

8

-

3

9
8

_
~

_

_

26

25
l
24
24

4
2
2

26
24
2

35

26
26

“

~

24
24

42
42

10
9

13

7
7

2
2

2
2

4
4

3
1

5

1

2

38
38

9

9
9

_
-

_

_

2

1
1

8
6

2

1

~

2
2
34
34
12
12

1

9
1
8
10
10

-

-

60
60

7

12
12

64

34

64

33

63
63

204
204

_

_

2

_
-

_
-

3
3

14




_ _
~
_
71
71
13

3

—

-

'
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

3
3

-

1
1

2
-

10
10

_

“

-

32
32

-

3
3
-

-

3
-

_

8
8

16

-

10

38

-

10

_
—

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , R ic h m o n d , V a ., N o v e m b e r 1965)

Hourly earnings2
O ccup ation1 and industry division

of
workers

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
N 0 NM ANUF AC T U f U N G --- —

-— -—

GUAR OS ANO W A T C H M E N -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

26
26

Num ber o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
%
%
$
i
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1.5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1• 80 1.9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.3C( 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

Mean3

$

.7 8
.7 8

Median3

$

.6 7
.6 7

243
150
93

2 .1 3
2 .3 4
1 .7 9

2 .3 1
2 .3 4
1 .5 5

Under
Middle range3 $
and
1 .2 0 under
1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0

$

.6 1 .6 1 -

$

.9 0
.9 0

4 20
20

3
3

2
2

1
1

1 . 5 5 - 2 .4 7
1 . 9 6 - 2 .7 3
1 . 3 1 - 2 .4 4

5
5

19
2
17

18
5
13

7
1
6

and
1•60 1 .7 0 1.8C 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 over

24
11
13

9
8
1

2
2
”

3
2
1

11
11
~

5
4
1

12
6
6

3
3

58
57
1

10
1C

4
4

35
35
27

_
-

_
-

_
“

“

30
30

11
3
8

8
4
4

29
29
~

5
5
~

watchmen:

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1C2

2 .0 2

2 .2 5

1 . 6 8 - 2 .3 5

-

2

5

1

11

8

2

2

11

4

5

-

51

JANITORS. PORTERS, ANC CL EA NE RS
MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S6------------

996
513
483
85

1 .6 8
1.9C
1 .4 5
2*02

1 .6 4
1 .8 7
1 .3 6
1 .9 3

1 .3 3 1 .6 1 1 .2 3 1 .7 4 -

2 .1 5
2 .2 4
1 .6 9
2 .4 2

88
588

131
12
119

93
32
61
2

101
43
58
3

64
38
26
4

58
46
12
2

86
43
43
29

67
60
7
1

29
18
11
8

13
6
7

37
32
5
2

150
150
~

14
3
11
7

J A M Tt'RS» PORTERS, ANO CL EA NE RS
( W ENI --------------------------------------------OM
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NGN * ANUF ACT UR I N G -------------4

2 08
54
154

1.4 6
1 .7 1
1 .3 7

1 .3 6
1 .7 8
1 .2 8

1 . 2 5 - 1 .6 5
1 . 4 5 - 2 .0 1
1 . 2 3 - 1 .5 7

15
15

81
5
76

15
5
10

13
8
5

19
4
15

26
4
22

8
2
6

11
11

1
1
“

10
10

4
4
-

5

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A N D L I N G ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S6------------

1 ,2 9 7
556
741
193

1 .8 1
1 .9 5
1 .7 0
2 .3 2

1 .7 3
1 .9 6
1 .4 8
2 .4 6

1 .3 9 1 .6 5 1 .3 0 2 .3 3 -

2 .3 3
2 .3 3
2 .3 3
2 .5 4

_
-

197
8
189
-

143
52
91
~

14C
25
115
12

23
9
14
~

115
86
29
“

121
48
73

30
23
7
5

46
43
3
~

12
12
1C

95
82
13
10

12
7
5
5

136
117
19
19

61
5
56
56

162
51
111
76

4

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

359
117
242

2 .0 3
2 .4 2
1 .8 4

1 .8 7
2 .4 5
1 .7 5

1 . 6 4 - 2 .5 2
2 .U 8 - 2 .9 1
1 . 5 3 - 1 .9 0

_
-

_
-

36
1
35

18
18

25
25

28
5
23

43
2
41

45
4
41

13
13
“

6
6
“

2
2
“

16
8
8

8
8
-

22
2?
-

42
42

16
8
8

9
8
1

-

30
30
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NGNM ANUFACTUR I N G --------------

165
81
84

1 .6 2
1 .9 1
1 .3 5

1 .5 9
1 .7 8
1 .3 2

1 . 3 1 - 1 .7 8
1 . 7 2 - 2 .1 6
1 . 2 5 - 1 .4 6

_
-

40

13
2
11

25
5
20

5
2
3

14
4
10

36
36

2
2

4
4

2
2

7
7

4
4

7
7

_

2
2

_

_
-

4
4

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

40

RECEIVING C L E R K S -----------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

130
64
66

2 .3 7
2 .6 9
2 .0 5

2 .3 7
2 .8 9
2.C 5

1 . 9 2 - 2 .9 2
2 . 5 5 - 2 .9 5
1 . 7 5 - 2 .3 6

_
-

_
-

-

9
9

3
3

_
-

13
3
10

7
7

5
2
3

6
3
3

4
3
1

l
1

26
3
23

_
-

5
5

6
6

_
-

8
8
-

35
29
6

_
-

1
1
-

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

74
4C

2 .3 4
2 .5 1

2 .4 1
2 .4 5

2 . 1 2 - 2 .4 8
2 . 2 6 - 2 .8 6

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

8
1

1
1

7
-

_
-

13
6

4
4

2
2

26
13

_

_

1
1

5
5

1
1

4
4

-

-

~

_
-

5

-

_

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING C L E R K S --

38

2 .4 0

2 .5 3

2 . 1 3 - 2 .7 3

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

4

1

3

1

5

6

5

1

5

1

-

1

1 ,3 2 9
243
1 ,0 8 6
748

2 .1 5
1 .9 3
2 .2 0
2 .3 9

2 .1 2
1 .8 6
2 .1 5
2 .5 1

1 .6 4 1 .6 2 1 .6 4 1 .6 9 -

2 .5 7
2 .2 9
2 .5 7
3 .2 1

7
7
“

21
3
18

52
7
45
”

91
28
63

-

62
15
47
~

282
39
243
2 2o

38
14
24
~

39
27
12
~

22
15
7

18
13
5
1

153
20
133
126

5
2
3
1

20
14
6
2

5
4
1
1

2 79
9
270
200

34
29
5
~

4
4
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/? TON S I -------------------NUN,MANUFACTUR I N G --------------

166
1 50

2 .1 8
2.2 1

2.5t2 .5 1

1 . 7 3 - 2 .5 6
1 . 7 6 - 2 .5 6

5
5

_

12
8

4
4

14
14

S
3

6
6

15
10

7
7

5
3

2
2

2
2

4
4

1

75
74

_

_

~

“

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS I -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S6------------

542
155
387
299

2 .1 3
1 .8 7
2 .2 4
2 .4 8

2 .1 6
1 .7 9
2 .2 0
2 .5 3

1 .6 8 1 .6 3 2 .1 1 2 .1 7 -

21
3
18

32
3
29

18
8
10

32
15
17

38
37
1

22
14
8

12
10
2

10
10
-

13
11
2
1

124
18
106
106

2
2
-

12
10
2
2

3
3
-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




2 .5 4
2 .1 3
2 .5 6
2 .5 8

2
-

2

156
2
154
154

6
6
-

1
"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

_
-

1
1

1
197
197
197
8
8

~

3
3

-

1
1

TRUCK DR IV6R S7 --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES6------------

-

_

-

36
36
36

-

_
-

_

_

-

12
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R ic h m o n d , V a ., N o v e m b e r 1965)
Hourly earnings1
2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

ii

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

L
1 .6C 1 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S

..

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

TRUCK CRJ.V E LS 7 E

woikers

Mean3

Median3

U n der
Middle range35 $

1.20

]1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
$
$
1 .7 C 1 . 8C 1 . 9 0

$

S

S

2.00 2.10 2.20

$
2 .3 0

$
%
? •4 * 2 . 5 0
.

$

2 .6 0

i
2 .7 C

2. 8 ^

2 .9 0

$
3.C C

$
S
$
3 . 10 3 .2 C 3 .3 0

2 .4 0

? .5 t

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 C

S

$

and
u n d er

and
1 . 8C 1 . 9 0

2.00 2.10 2.20

2 .3 0

2 .6 0

3 .3 0

over

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
TRAILER T Y P E ) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 6---------------------------

214
26
188
172

$
2 .7 5
2 .1 8
2 .8 3
2 .9 1

$
3 .2 0
2 .0 5
3 .2 1
3 .2 2

$
$
2 . 5 0 - 3 .2 5
1 .8 8 - 2 .5 6
2 . 5 3 - 3 .2 6
2 . 5 5 - 3 .2 6

TRUCKCRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) ---------------

47

1 .6 9

1 .5 6

1 .4 6 -

TRUCKERS* POWER (FO R K LIF T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

3 8C
287
93

2.10

2 .0 6
2 .0 6
2 .0 7

1 .7 5 - 2 .4 2
1 .7 2 - 2 .4 3
1 .9 7 - 2 .3 8

1
2
3
4
5
*
7

1.20

2 .0 8
2 .1 5

1
1

-

-

1 .8 5
-

_

-

-

20

10
9
1

16
13
3

1
1

-

9

-

-

-

9

7

7

8
4
4

39
36
3

46
46

8
8
-

5
5
-

—
-

1
1
1

-

5

4

”

1
1

38

51

17

29

21

22
2
20
20

22

“

8
7
1

6
4
2

*
4

1

44

10

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

42
42

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

4

39
39

-

36
24

-

~

~

54
40
14

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
6 at $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 .6 0 ; 11 at $0.6 0 to $ 0 .70; and 3 at $ 0 .7 0 to $ 0 .8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s :
13 at $ 0.6 0 to $ 0 .7 0 ; 11 at $ 0 .7 0 to $ 0 .8 0 ; 3 a t~ $ 0.8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 ; 48 at $1 to $ 1 .1 0 ; and 13 at $ 1 .1 0 to $ 1 .2 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




2

-

1
2

~

22
2
1
1

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1 08

-

-

-

108
108

-

~

~

-

-

-

-

13
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 196 5)
In e x p e rie n c e d t y p is ts

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

-

-

—

.

-

—

-

. . .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m — ---- ------------------$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

4 7 . 50
5 0 .0 0
5 2 . 50
5 5 .0 0
5 7 . 50
60. 00
6 2 . 50
65. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
u nder
under
u nder
u nder
u nder

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

50.
52.
55.
57.
60.
62.
65.
67.

__
_
__
0 0 _ _ -----------------50_
_ -----_ _ _ _ _
00
_
__ _
_
50_
_
_
005 0 --------------------------------------------------------------00
5 0 _________________________________________

$ 7 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 _________________________________________
$ 7 2 . 5 0 and o v e r
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

—

_

_

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
i n t h i s c a t e g o r y ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

131

43

1
9
9
5
7

6
1
1
2
2
2
1
67

M a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 1
2

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

49

XXX

82

1
2

9

31

_

_

1
7
8

3

2
1
2
1

5
5
3

-

-

2
1
2
1
2

1
1
1

-

XXX

XXX

1
1

1
6

_

_

2

4
4

2
1
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

5

XX X

32

XXX

35

1

1

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

50

XXX

82

XXX

13

34

13

_

_

5

19
7
5

6
6
1
2
1
2

A ll
s c h e d u le s

1
6

50

XXX

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
3 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




131

40

49

40

3
3
3

N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o fA ll
sc h e d u le s

3 7 Vz

-

1
1
6

1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

4

4

3

1
1
1

'

1
1
1
1
8
25

sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

1
1

1
1
1
1

1
14
6

37V 2

40

XXX

1
6

_

_

4
4

6
2

1

3

_
_

_

4
_
_
_
_
_

1

-

4
5

2

_
_

1

1
2
1

_

1

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

14




T a b le B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
R ic h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c t u a lly w o rk in g o n —

S e co n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

S e co n d s h ift

T o t a l ______________________________________________________

78. 0

53. 8

1 5. 2

6. 2

W it h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________________

76. 6

53. 8

1 4. 7

6. 2

33. 1

22. 1

6. 2

3. 1

15. 8
3. 4
5 .9
.9
1 .4
2. 6
1. 2
1. 9

1. 7

3. 0
. 3
1. 5
. 3
. 2
.4
-

. 5

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __
5 c e n t s ___________________________________________
6 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s _________________________________________ _
8 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------9 c en t s ___________________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________________
1 ?. r e n t s

I 2 V2 c e n t s _____________________________________
I 3 V3 c e n t s _______________________________________
15 V2 c en t s _______________________________________
16 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------20 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------25 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------

1. 6
1. 7
1. 4
5. 0
5. 0
-

2. 6
1. 2

1 .9

-

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _______________________________

40. 5

7 p e r c e n t _____________
8 p ercen t- _
_________________ _________
10 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------------

1. 0
20. 2
1 9 .2

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________

3. 0

W it h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________

1. 4

1
In clu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late
e v e n though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ift s .

3 0. 1

.5
"
8. 0

_

-

4. 5
3. 5

1. 7

.
.
.
.
1.
-

3
2
2
5
2

!

1

3.1

_

30. 1

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

.5

3.1

.4

s h ift s ,

and

e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts

15
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
.of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1 965)

Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W eek ly h ours
A ll industries1

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------

U nder 35 h ou rs ----- ----- ----- — ----------------------35 h o u r s _________________________________________
36V4 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------- —
37 h o u r s ---------------------------------------- ----------------------37V2 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------- —
O ver
and under 40 h o u r s — _____________
40 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 40 and under 44 h o u r s ______________________
44 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------45 h ou rs - -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 45 and under 48 h o u r s --------------------------------48 h o u r s _________________________________________
O v er 48 hours -------------- — -------------------------------

1
2
3
4

100

M anufacturing

100

Pu blic utilities13
24

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
77
3
3
3
1
5
3

7
3
81
1
2
1
4
1

72
12
16
-

All industries 3

100

(4 )
3
10
1
28
10
46
1
(4 )
-

M anufacturing

100

(4 )
1
3
12
31
53
_
-

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




P u b lic u tilities 2

100

_
_
_
37
_
63
_
_
_
_

16
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)

P lan t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid h o lid a y s _____________ __ ___ ______________ _
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s _________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

95

99

100

99

99

100

5

1

“

(4)

(4)

7
4

7
1
15
1
48

_
8
31
19
42

(4)
3
(4)
36
3
(4)
19
1
28
1
8

(4)
1
1
17
4
1
26
35

■

N u m ber o f days

L e s s than 5 h olid a y s . . __________________________
5 h olid a y s
--------------------- --------------------------------5 h olid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day_________________________
i > h o lid a y s
. . _
.... _
6 h olid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h olid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
7 h o lid a y s __ ______ ____ ___ _______________ __ ______
7 h olid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
____
__
________
8 h olid a y s
8 h olid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day_________________________
9 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------

-

28
1
1
34
-

-

9

8

-

-

-

11

19

”

11
11
19
19
54
56
84
84
89
89
95

19
19
27
27
77
77
91
91
93
94
99

_
42
42
61
61
92
92
100
100
100

-

_
-

8
18
-

74
-

15
'

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
O days
8 V2 d a ys o r m o r e __________________________________
8 days o r m o r e _____ ______________________________
7 V2 d a y 8 o r m o r e .. ________ ___ _ ___________ ___
7 d ays o r m o r e __________________________________
6 V2 d a ys o r m o r e __________________________________
6 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
5 V2 days o r m o r e _______ __ ___________________
5 days o r m o r e __
___________ ___ ___ ________ _
4 days o r m o r e
__ ____________ _______ — 3 days o r m o r e _ ------------------------ -----------------------

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

8
9
37
38
57
60
96
96
99
99
99

15
15
51
51
77
81
98
99
99
99
99

_
74
74
92
92
100
100
100
100
100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in clu d es th o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a ys and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.




17
Table B-5.

Paid V acations'

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)

Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s ______

_______

___

_________

__

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

97
92
2
1
2

98
91
4
3

100
100
-

3

2

11
25
(5 )
3

11
26
(5 )
5

1
53
43
(5 )

43
55
(5 )

94
6
-

29
70
1

17
83
1

1
35
6
53
(5 )
2

.
31
9
54
(5 )
3

_
48
7
45
-

_
7
8
84
1
-

8
1
90
1
-

3
38
59
-

19
1
75
(5)
2

21
2
71
(5 )
3

13
.
87
-

3
(5 )
89
1
7

6
(5 )
66
1
27

2
_
98
-

17
(5)
78
(5 )
2

19
1
75
(5 )
3

13
_
87
-

2
(5)
90
1
7

6
(5 )
66
1
27

2
.
98

8
(5)
80
2
6
(5 )

8
1
81
2
6
(5 )

5

1
(5 )
81
9
9
(5 )

2
(5 )
63

_

100

100

100
99
(5 )
.

100
100
_
_

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ___
_ ___ __________ ________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t_____ _
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m en t. __ _
___________ __
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t_____________________________
O th e r _____
__ ________________________ __ __
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
___________ _ ___ _
no paid v a c a tio n s

99
99
(5 )
_

-

(5)

A m ount o f v a c a tio n pay 6
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ ________________________ ._____
1 w eek _________________
_ _ _____ __
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s . ________ . ____ __
____ ________________ _ ____
__ _
2 w eek s

13
26
-

6
54
5
7

2
60
1
12

_
54
_
-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ______________________________________
1 w eek _
.............
_ _
2 w e e k s _____ _______ ________________ ___________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________

_

_

_

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ._____ __________ __________________ _
1 w eek _____________________ _____________ ___________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eek s
..
_
.
.
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_
81
19

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____ _______________ ______________ _ ____
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________ _
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _______________________ _
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____ ___ _________________ __
____ - .
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w ee k s _ _______ ____________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek__ __ __________ ____ _________ ___ ____________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________________ _
2 w eek s
_
........... .. _
O ver 2 and und er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _________ ________ ___ __ _____________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s
_
________

See foo tn o te s at end o f table,




-

95
-

"

_

100

-

-

35
1

-

“

18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P lant w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n pay 6— C ontinued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w eek______________________________________________
2 w eek s
„ „
,

7
36

7
29

__ _______
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________
_____ __ _______
_
3 w eek s
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s __________ ________ _____
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

53
(•)
(5 )

60
(5 )

7
32

7
28

5
27
_

57
<*)
(5)

61
(5 )

68

7

7
14
77
(5 )

1

2

5
57
_
39
_
-

1
48

6

39
(5 )
7

2
32
_
39

1

27

_
59
41
_
-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w eek ---------------- . . ____________ __ __ _____
2 w e e k s ___________ _ _ __ ________ _________ __
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eek s __________ __________ ____________________ _
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

1

2

_

-

1

2
29
_
41

_
41
_
59
_

27

-

1

2
22
49
1

_
3
97
-

7

27

-

2
1
2
1

_
3
57
_
40
-

42

8

43
(5 )
7

1

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w eek __
2 w eek s _

__
___

_
___

____ _______________
__ _
____ _______
______
____
? w epifs
_ _ .
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ___ __________ ___ ___ _
4 w e e k s . ___
__ ______ _____ __
__ _______ _

20
70
(5 )

1

5

6
89
-

1
17
75

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w e ek____ ________________ ___ ___________ _____
_____ . , __ _____ __
2 w eek s
- __,___r„
3 w e e k s ______________________________________ __
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ____ ____ _________
4 w eek s .
O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

7
17
37
(5 )
36
(5 )

5

1

46
(5 )
35
-

52
38
-

14
49
4
33
(5)

7
17

1
0

7

5

1

(5 )
52
(5 )

27
(5 )
53
-

4
_
85
-

14
24
(5 )
55
7

7

1
0

6

34
52
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w e e k , ,
2w eek s

—
I
,
— ________ __
__ ___
_ _
3 w eek s .„. ...
. ____
._
. __ ___ _______
O ver 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _ _______ _ _________
4 w e e k s ______________ ____________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

20

6

2
1
2
24

1

34
27

_
3

2
_
95
-

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w e e k .
2 w eek s

___ _ _____________ _____
__ „ __
___
___ _______ ____________ ______
3 w eeks
__________________ __ ________________
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eek s
. . . . ____ ____________
O v er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

7
17

1
0

6
4

(5)
50
3

27
(5 )
53
“

20

7

5

-

85

1
14
24
(5 )
53
9

2
1
2

_
3

25

2

34
27

95
*

1

-

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans o n ly. E x clu d e s plans su ch as v a c a t io n -s a v in g s and th ose plans w h ich o f fe r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith qu a lifyin g lengths
o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s te e l, alum inum , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in a dd ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 In clu des p aym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t im e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m pa ym e n ts, co n v e r te d to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le, a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r ex a m p le, the ch an ges
in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e. Th us, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e
a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




19
T a b le B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 1965)

Office w o r k e r s

Plant w o r k e r s
T y p e of benefit
A ll Industries

All w o r k e r s ______ _______

____ ___________ __

2

M anufacturing

P ublic utilities1
3
2

Manufacturing

A ll industries 4

Publio utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in establishments providing:

88

91

95

96

95

99

42

34

53

53

36

43

76

85

62

77

86

80

Sickness and accident insurance_________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period).__________ _____________
Sick leave (partial pa y or
waiting period)__________________ __ __

57

72

25

32

68

26

22

13

57

1
1

1
1

Hospitalization insurance.__________________
Surgical insurance__________________________
Medical insurance__________________________
Catastrophe insurance______________________
Retirement pension ___________ ___________
N o health, insurance, or pension plan______

83
80
65
40
62

89
85
70
26

Life insurance______________________________
Accidental death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
— ___
______ __ .
•
insurance_____ __
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5
___ __
______ __

4

68
2

24
95
95
83
72
72

5

68
1

1
0

90

91
90
83
85

89
85
65
76

79

(6)

5
41
37
99
99
99
97
58

1

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 Includes d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l is h
at le a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s* p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
6 L e s s tha n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s

a re

e x clu d e d .

20

T a b le B-7.

H ealth Insurance Benefits P ro vid e d Employees and T h e ir Dependents

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g h e a lt h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f it s
. c o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s a n d t h e i r d e p e n d e n t s * R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 196 5)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f i t , c o v e r a g e , a n d fi n a n c in g 1
A ll industries 2

A ll w o rk e rs

--------------------------------

--------

-----------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e
_________ _____
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y -----------------------------E m p l o y e r fi n a n c e d
----------------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------- ----- ——
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s an d th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s -----------------------------------------------------E m p l o y e r fi n a n c e d
----- ----------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------E m p l o y e r fi n a n c e d f o r e m p l o y e e s ;
j o i n t l y fi n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ----------S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e — ------------------------------------C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y —--------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d -----------------------------------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s an d th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s -----------------------------------------------------E m p l o y e r fi n a n c e d ------------------------------------J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y fi n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s -----------

M anufacturing

P u blic utilities1
3
*

A ll industries4

M anufacturing

P u blic utilities

100

100

100

100

83
40
26
14

89
43
34

95
28
5
23

91
30
19

43

46
31
9

67
34
33

61

63

38

13

1
2

29

-

89
26

99

20
19
4

8

6

-

1
1
1
1

100

100

90
27

'

99

20
7

22

80
37
24
13

85
39
32
7

95
28
5
23

90
30
19

1
1

20
6

43
19
19

46
29
9

67
34
33

60
9
38

63
16
13

5

M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e — ----------------------------------------- —
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y -----------------------------E m p l o y e r fi n a n c e d ----------------------------------J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s an d th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s -----------------------------------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ------------------------------- —
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ------------------------------------------E m p l o y e r fi n a n c e d f o r e m p l o y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s -----------

65
27
15

C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e —
---------------------------C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y -----------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d
-------------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s an d th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s —--------------------------------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d — -------------------------------- —
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y fi n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s -----------

40
18

1
2

38
17
17
5

1
0
7

23
7
13

2

8

2
1
3
18

78
24
54

2
1
3
18

78
24
54

-

14

34

“

83
26
14

85

99

7

83
28
5
23

43
26
9

55

33

58
9
35

70
27

20

8
26
14

1
2
1
1
2
4
7

1

2
1

1
1

2
1

2
1

16

3
18

63
16
13

78
24
54

6

“

14

34

"

72
18
5
13

85
29
18

65

1
2

20
18
2

97

55
46
9

56
14
33

46
7
37

8

20
3
16

77
60
17

1

1 I n c l u d e s p la n s f o r w h ic h a t le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . S e e f o o t n o t e 1, t a b l e B - 6 . A n e s t a b l is h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s p r o v i d i n g b e n e f i t s t o e m p l o y e e s f o r t h e i r
d e p e n d e n t s i f s u c h c o v e r a g e w a s a v a il a b l e t o a t le a s t a m a j o r i t y o f t h o s e e m p l o y e e s o n e w o u ld u s u a l ly e x p e c t t o h a v e d e p e n d e n t s , e . g . , m a r r i e d m e n , e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y
o f a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s . T h e e m p l o y e r b e a r s th e e n t ir e c o s t o f " e m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d " p l a n s . T h e e m p l o y e r a n d e m p l o y e e s h a r e th e c o s t o f " j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d " p l a n s .
* I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




21

T a b le B-8.

Profit-Sharing Plans

j( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
b y t y p e o f p la n , R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v e m b e r 196 5)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f p la n
A ll industries 2

M&DufscturiBg

P ublic utilities 3

A ll industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ------------------------------------------------

17

22

6

17

22

83

78

100

100

15

1
2

2

15

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2

85

88

100

P la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c u r r e n t
distrih -iitirm
P la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r d e f e r r e d
d if it r ih iit in n

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r b o t h c u r r e n t
J»n rf

d is t riV m tin n

. . . . .........

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r e m p l o y e e 's c h o i c e
o f m e t h o d o f d i s t r i b u t i o n -------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g n o
p r o f it -s h a r in g

-----

...

94

1 T h e s t u d y w a s l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p la n s (1 ) h a v in g e s t a b l i s h e d f o r m u l a s f o r th e a l l o c a t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s a m o n g
a d v a n c e o f th e d e t e r m in a t io n o f p r o f i t s ; (3 ) th a t r e p r e s e n t a c o m m i t m e n t b y th e c o m p a n y t o m a k e p e r i o d i c c o n t r ib u t io n s
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o




98

e m p l o y e e s ; (2 ) w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d t o th e e m p l o y e e s in
b a s e d o n p r o f i t s ; a n d (4 ) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x t e n d s t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e
sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .
t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s

sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’s last survey, occupational descriptions for drafts­
man, secretary, and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain
salary information for more specific categories.
Secretary. The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B,
C, and D) classify these workers according to levels o f responsibility. The
size of the organization and the scope of the supervisor’s position are con­
sidered in distinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite
title of secretary are not comparable to data previously published.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead




23

o f a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types o f information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.
Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (classes A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, data presented for any of
these occupations are not comparable to data previously published.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1 wage surveys is to assist its field
s
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area* This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content* Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc* Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

25

26
C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n tin u ed

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerics.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK,

O R D E R — C o n tin u ed

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. . Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25, O X persons; or
C)
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

28
SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, O X but fewer than 25,000
C)
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
OR
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over. 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, e t c .; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f official) that employs, in all, over 5t 000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, O X persons.
C)

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited” telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g . , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator.)

29
SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.

TABU LATIN G-M ACH IN E OPERATOR— C on tin u ed

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30
PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

A ND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used,, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAIN TENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— C on tin u ed

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woricer supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following! Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of die auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine diop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

33
TOOL AND DIE MAKER— C on tin u ed

SHEET-M ETAL W ORKER, M AINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die makers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and belated equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

A ND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

34
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—
The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1965. 45 cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys*
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g d a t e s o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b ull etin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u perin ten den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , Washingt on , D . C. , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

Akron, Ohio, June 1965_________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N. Y. , A pr. 1965__________
T
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., A pr. 1965_____________________
Allentown— ethlehem —
B
Easton, P a .— .J ., Feb. 1965—
N
Atlanta, G a ., May 1965_________________________________
B altim ore, Md. , Nov. 1964 1 ___________________________
Beaum ont— ort Arthur, T e x ., May 1965______________
P
Birm ingham , A la ., A pr. 1965 *________________________
B oise City, Idaho, July 1965____________________________
Boston, M a s s ., O ct. 1965 1 ____________________________

1430-78,
1430-52,
1430-62,
1430-48,
1430-74,
1430-27,
1430-66,
1430-60,
1465-1,
1465-12,

25
25
20
20
25
30
20
25
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1965 1____________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n . , Jan. 1965 1 ______________
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H eights, M i c h . , May 1965_________
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y City, N . J . , F e b . 1965______________
New Haven, C o n n . , Jan. 1 9 6 5 ------------------------------------------New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1965 1 __________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1965 1 ____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
Ham pton , Va. , June 1965 1 ______________________________
O k la h o m a City, O k l a . , Aug. 1965------------------------------------

1 4 3 0 -5 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -3 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 8 ,
1 4 3 0-4 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -3 4 ,
1 4 3 0 -5 3 ,
1 4 3 0-8 0 ,

25
30
20
25
25
30
40

1 4 3 0 -7 7 ,
1465-5,

25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts

Buffalo, N. Y ., D ec. 1964 1_____________________________
Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1965 1 ___________________________
Canton, Ohio, A pr. 1965 ________________________________
C harleston, W. Va. , A pr. 1965________________________
C harlotte, N .C ., A pr. 1965_____________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1965___________________
C hicago, 111., A pr. 1965 1 ______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M ar. 1965----------------------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1965-------------------------------------------Colum bus, Ohio, O ct. 1965______________________________
D allas, T e x ., Nov. 1965________________________________

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1465-7,
1430-72,
1430-55,
1465-8,
1465-15,
1465-24,

30
25
20
20
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

O m aha, N e b r . —Iowa, O ct. 1965 1 ________________________
P a t e r s o n — lif to n —P a s s a i c , N. J. , May 1 9 6 5 ____________
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. — J. , Nov. 1 9 6 4 * ____________________
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1965_______________________________
P it ts b u rg h , P a . , Jan. 1965 1--------------------------------------------P o r tla n d , M a in e, Nov. 1965 1 _____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . —Wash. , May 1965______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —Pa w tucket, R. I . — a s s . , May 1965 1 _______
M
R a le ig h , N. C. , Sept. 1965 1 ----------------------------------------------R ic h m o n d , V a . , N o v. 1965 * ______________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111. , May 1965----------------------------------------------------

1465-13,
1 4 3 0-7 1 ,
1 4 3 0-2 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -5 6 ,
1 4 3 0 -4 1 ,
1465-23,
1 4 3 0 -7 0 ,
1 4 3 0-6 7 ,
1465-10,
1465-28,
1 4 3 0 -6 3 ,

25 ce n ts
25 cen ts
35 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts

D avenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow aM
I l l . , Oct. 1965__ _______________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965_________________________________
D enver, C o lo ., D ec. 19 64_______________________________
D es M oines, Iowa, F eb. 1965----------------------------------------D etroit, M ich. , Jan. 1965 1 _____________________________
F ort Worth, T e x ., Nov. 1965___________________________
G reen Bay, W is ., Aug. 1965____________________________
G reen ville, S. C. , May 1965_____________________________
Houston, Tex. , June 1965_______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind. , D ec. 1964___________________________

1465-16,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1465-26,
1465-4,
1430-69,
1430-82,
1430-30,

20
25
25
20
30
20
20
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u is , M o . —
111., O ct. 1965___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, D e c . 1964 1 ______ _______________
San A n to n io , T e x . , June 1965 1----------------------------------------San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n ta rio , C a lif . ,
R
O
Sept. 1965 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1965--------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f . , Jan. 1965 1_____________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1965 1 _____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M ay 1 9 6 5 --------------------------------------------------S cra n to n , P a . , Aug. 1965 1-----------------------------------------------S e a t tle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., O ct. 1965 1 -------------------------------E

1465-22,
1 4 3 0 -3 3 ,
1 4 3 0-8 1 ,

25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 cen ts

1 4 6 5 -2 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 1 ,
1 4 3 0 -3 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 9 ,
1 4 3 0-6 4 ,
1465-3,
1465-9,

30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 cen ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1965--------------------------------------------Jack son v ille, F la ., Jan. 1965 1 -------------------------------------Kansas City, M o .-K a n s ., Nov. 1965 1-- --------------------Law rence— averhill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1965_________
H
N
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., Aug. 1965________
Los A n geles—
Long Beach, C alif. , M ar. 1965 1 ________
L ou isv ille, K y .—
Ind. , F eb. 1965 1______________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1965______________________________
M anchester, N. H. , Aug. 1965__________________________
M em phis, T e n n ., Jan. 1965_____________________________
M iam i, F l a . , D e c. 1964-------------------------------------------------Midland and O dessa, T e x ------------------------------------------------

1430-44, 20 cents
1430-38, 25 cents
1465-27, 30 cents
1430-75, 20 cents
1465-6,
20 cents
1430-57, 30 cents
1430-42, 25 cents
1430-7 3, 20 cents
1465-2,
20 cents
1430-40, 25 cents
1430-29, 25 cents
(Not previously surveyed)

S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , O ct. 1965 1------------------------------------South Bend, I n d ., M a r . 1965______________________________
Spokane, W a s h . , June 1965 1--------------------------------------------T o l e d o , O hio, F e b . 1965 1 ------------------------------------------------T r e n t o n , N. J. , D e c . 1964 1 ----------------------------------------------W ash in gton, D . C. —
Md. —V a . , O ct . 1965________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1965____________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1965-----------------------------------------------W ic h ita , K a n s . , O ct. 1965________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1 9 6 5 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1965---------------------------------------------------------Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1965 1________________
W

1465-17,
1 4 3 0 -5 4 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 9 ,
1 4 3 0-5 0 ,
1 4 3 0 -3 5 ,
1465-14,
1 4 3 0-4 9 ,
1465-18,
1465-11,
1 4 3 0-7 6 ,
1 4 3 0-4 6 ,
1465-25,

25 ce n ts
20 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 ce n ts
20 cen ts
20 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 cen ts
25 ce n ts

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys."




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