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D

The Raleigh, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area
Septem ber 1965

Bulletin No.

1465-10




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T IS T IC S
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Raleigh, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area




September 1965

Bulletin No. 1465*10
November 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents.




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of an n u al
o c c u p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s i s d e ­
sig n e d to p ro v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta by s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s fo r e a c h
o f the a r e a s stu d ie d , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S t a t e s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n eed fo r g r e a t e r in sig h t into (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T a b le s :
1. E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r stu d ie d ____________________________________________________
2. In d e x es o f sta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f
i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________________
A . O cc u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o ccu p atio n s--m e n and w o m en _________________________
A -2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s— e n _______________
m
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n and w om en c o m b in e d __________ ______________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s___________________
A -5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

A t the end o f e a c h su r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n t s su r v e y r e s u lt s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d . A fte r
c o m p le tio n o f a ll of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a
round of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t su m m a r y b u lle tin i s is s u e d .
The f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f the m e tr o p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ie d into one b u lle tin . The se c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo r m a tio n w hich h a s b ee n p r o je c te d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
ro p o lita n a r e a d a ta to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U nited S t a t e s .

B.

E ig h ty - fiv e a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s i s c o lle c te d
an n u ally in e a c h a r e a . In fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s i s o b tain e d b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t of the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y in
R a le ig h , N .C ., in S e p te m b e r 1965. The S ta n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin ed by the B u r e a u o f the
B u d g et th ro u gh M a rch 1965, c o n s is t s of W ake C ounty.
T h is stu d y w a s co n d u cted by the B u r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l o ffic e
in A tla n ta , G a ., B r u n sw ic k A. B a g d o n , D ir e c t o r ; by
J e r r y G. A d a m s , u n d er the d ir e c tio n o f J a m e s D . G a rla n d .
The stu d y w a s u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f D on ald M.
C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In d u s­
t r i a l R e la tio n s .




4

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v i s i o n s :*
B - l . M in im um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ___
B - 2 . S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________________________________
B -3. S ch e d u le d w e ek ly h o u r s _____________________________________
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s ________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a id v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________
B - 6 . H ea lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s _______________________
B - 7 . H ealth in s u r a n c e b e n e fits p ro v id e d e m p lo y e e s and
th e ir d e p e n d e n ts__________________________
B - 8 . P r o f it - s h a r in g p l a n s __________________

A p p e n d ix e s:
A . C h a n g e s in o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________
B . O cc u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

areas,

* N O T E ; S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p ay l e v e ls in
the R a le ig h a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le fo r b u ild in g co n ­
str u c tio n , p rin tin g , l o c a l - t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

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Area Wage Survey---The Raleigh, N.C., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is to the w ork
sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich st r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se o c c u p a tio n s have
b een roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 of 85 in w hich the U. S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , d a ta
w e re o b tain ed by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u fie ld e c o n o m ists to r e p r e ­
se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin s i x b r o a d in d u stry d i v i s i o n s : M an u­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s ;
w h o le sa le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
se rv ic e s.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s ex c lu d e d fr o m th e se s tu d ie s a r e
g o v ern m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n str u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m itted b e c a u s e they tend to fu r n ish in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m en t in the
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a rr a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e
p ro v id e d fo r e a c h of the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u b ­
lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o site , a re a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
In d u str ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, th u s, co n trib u te d iffe re n tly to the e s t im a t e s fo r ea c h jo b .
T he p ay re la tio n sh ip o b ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age s p r e a d o r d if f e r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S im ila r ly , d if f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls
f o r m en and w om en in any of the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh ould not be
a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d if f e r e n c e s in p ay tre a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ithin
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O ther p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w hich m ay c o n tr ib ­
u te to d if f e r e n c e s in p ay fo r m e n and w om en in c lu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , sin c e only the a c tu a l r a t e s
p aid in cu m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
fo rm e d , alth ou gh the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c l a s s i f i e d w ithin the
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n .
Jo b d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s if y in g
e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se
u se d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s
am on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se su r v e y s a r e co n d ucted on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in vo lv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
ob tain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o st, a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n of
l a r g e than of s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ie d . In co m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w ev er, a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e giv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t. E s ­
t im a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s r e la tin g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u stry gro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se b elow the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin the sc o p e of the stu dy and not the n um ber
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l str u c t u r e
am o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l em p loy m en t o b ­
ta in e d fr o m the sa m p le of e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e only to in d ic ate
the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s d a ta .

O cc u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu dy a r e co m m on to a v a r ie t y
of m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s : (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t of jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e sig n e d to ta k e a cc o u n t of in te r e s ta b lish m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ithin the sa m e jo b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap p en d ix B .
E a r n in g s d a ta fo r so m e of
the o c cu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p lo y m en t in the o c cu p a tio n i s too s m a ll
to p ro v id e enough d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re i s p o s s i ­
b ility of d i s c l o s u r e of in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n i s p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s a s they
r e la t e to p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n str u c tio n w o rk e rs who
a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w ork f o r c e a r e ex c lu d e d . " P la n t w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g fo re m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clud in g
le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) en g a g e d in n o n o ffice fu n c tio n s. "O ffic e w o rk ­
e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
fo rm in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s. C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u tem en
a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but in clu ded in nonm anu­
fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ire d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly sc h e d u le
in the g iv en o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s, and
la te s h if t s .
N on produ ction b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d ed , but c o s t - o f - liv in g
b o n u se s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W here w eek ly h o u rs a r e




1

2
M in im um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) r e la t e only to the e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts v is it e d . They a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
with f o r m a l m in im u m e n tra n c e s a l a r y p o l ic ie s .
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e lim ite d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n i s p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s of ( l ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p lan t
w o rk e r em p lo y m en t, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s of
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly em p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d sh ift a t the tim e o f the
su r v e y .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g v a r i e d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t
ap p ly in g to a m a jo r ity w a s u se d o r , if no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity ,
the c l a s s if i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w hich so m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s re c o r d e d
only if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The sc h e d u le d w eek ly h o u rs (ta b le B - 3 ) of a m a jo r it y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lish m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s ap p ly in g to
a ll of the p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f th at e s ta b lish m e n t. P a id h o lid a y s ;
p aid v a c a t io n s ; h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s ; and p r o f it - s h a r in g
p la n s (t a b le s B - 4 th rough B - 8 ) a r e tr e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a ll y on the b a s i s
th at th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
of su c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c ­
t ic e s l is t e d . S u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l to t a ls b e c a u s e of ro u n d in g.
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim ite d to d a ta on h o li­
d a y s g ra n te d an n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , ( l ) a r e p ro v id e d fo r
in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) h av e b ee n e s t a b lis h e d by c u sto m .
H o lid ay s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in clu d ed ev en though they m a y f a l l on a non­
w o rk d ay , even if the w o rk e r i s not g ra n te d an o th er d ay o ff. The f i r s t
p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r of w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
The su m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o l ic ie s , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n t s w h ereb y tim e off
w ith p ay is g ra n te d a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r.
E s t im a t e s
ex c lu d e v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and th o se w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t ic a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g
len g th s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in the st e e l,
alu m in u m , and c a n in d u s t r ie s . S e p a r a t e e s t im a t e s a r e p ro v id e d a c ­
c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m pu tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts, su c h a s
tim e p a y m e n ts, p e r c e n t of an n u al e a r n in g s , o r fla t- su m a m o u n ts. H ow­
e v e r, in the ta b u la tio n s of v a c a tio n p ay , p a y m e n ts not on a tim e b a s i s
w e re co n v e rte d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a p ay m en t o f 2 p e r c e n t
of ann ual e a r n in g s wAs c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t of 1 w e e k 's p ay .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a l l h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s (t a b le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) fo r w hich a t l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t is
bo rn e by the e m p lo y e r, e x c e p tin g only le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch a s
* An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
“Shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r ity , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S u ch p la n s in clu d e th o se u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e
co m p an y and th o se p ro v id e d th ro u gh a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g fu n ds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d a s a fo r m o f lif e in ­
s u r a n c e . S e le c te d h e a lth in s u r a n c e b e n e fits p ro v id e d e m p lo y e e s and
d e p e n d en ts a r e a l s o p r e s e n te d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s lim ite d to th at ty pe of
in s u r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w eek ly o r m onthly b a s i s d u rin g i ll n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n i s p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w hich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s. H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w hich
h av e en a cte d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s, * p la n s a r e in clu d e d only if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
2
t r ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the em p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts of the law . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w hich p ro v id e
fu ll p ay o r a p ro p o rtio n of the w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g a b se n c e fro m w ork
b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o rd in g to
(1) p la n s w hich p ro v id e fu ll p ay and no w aitin g p e rio d , and (2) p la n s
w hich p ro v id e e ith e r p a r t i a l p ay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In ad d itio n
to the p r e s e n ta t io n of the p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p licated
to ta l is show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits.
C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s exten d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w hich a r e d e sig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n se s beyond
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t i a l
p ay m en t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Su ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s of r e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d
to th o se p la n s th at p ro v id e m onthly p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r of
the w o r k e r 's lif e .
P r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s (ta b le B - 8 ) a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s
w ith d e fin ite fo r m u la s f o r co m p u tin g p r o fit s h a r e s to be d is tr ib u te d
am on g e m p lo y e e s and w h o se fo r m u la s w e re co m m u n ic a te d to e m ­
p lo y e e s in a d v a n c e of the d e te rm in a tio n of p r o f i t s . D a ta a r e p re s e n te d
a c c o r d in g to p r o v is io n s fo r d is tr ib u tin g p r o f it s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s :
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d is tr ib u tio n of p r o fit s h a r e s w ithin a s h o r t p e rio d
a f t e r d e te rm in a tio n of p r o f i t s ; (2) d e f e r r e d d is tr ib u tio n of p r o fit s h a r e s
a f t e r a sp e c if ie d n u m b e r of y e a r s o r a t r e t ir e m e n t ; (3) co m b in a tio n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p la n s ; and (4) e le c tiv e d is tr ib u tio n p la n s, u n d er
w hich e a c h p a r tic ip a n t i s r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t w h eth er to tak e h is s h a r e
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o fit in c a s h , h ave it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in R a le i g h , N . C . , 1
b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1965
Num ber o f establishm ents

Industry d ivis io n

M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
m ents in scope
o f study

W o rk ers in establish m ents
W ithin scope o f study

W ithin
scope o f
study 3

Studied
Studied

T o ta l4
P la n t
Num ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

A l l d iv is io n s _____________________________________ _

_

127

78

20,800

100

12,600

3,900

16,000

Manufacturing______ ____ _ ____________________
Nonm anufacturing_________________________________
T ra n sp o rta tion , com m unication, and
other public u t ilitie s 5_
_
__
___
W h olesale t r a d e _______________________________
R e ta il tra d e_____________________________________
F in a n c e _________________________________________
S e rv ic e s 8 -------------------------------------------------

50
"

43
84

30
48

8,500
12,300

41
59

6 , 800
5,800

700
3,200

7, 150
8,850

50
50
50
50
50

12
15
28
20
9

11
7
13
11
6

3, 200
1,500
4, 100
2,700
800

15
7
20
13
4

1, 300
( 6)
(6)

♦

(T)
(6)

600
( 6)
( 6)
( )
( 6)

3, 170
750
2,490
1,820
620

1 Th e R a leig h Standard M etropolita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau o f the Budget through M a rc h 1965, consists o f W ake County. Th e "w o r k e rs w ithin scope o f study" estim ates
shown in this table p ro vid e a reason ably a ccu rate d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and com position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. Th e estim ates a re not intended, h ow ever, to s e rv e as a basis
o f com pa rison w ith oth er em ploym ent indexes fo r the a re a to m easu re em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls since ( 1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ires the use o f establish m ent data com piled co n sid era b ly
in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied, and ( 2) s m a ll establish m ents a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1957 re v is e d edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual and the 1963 Supplement w e r e used in cla ssify in g establishm ents by industry division .
3 Includes a ll establishm ents w ith tota l em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l outlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f com panies in such in du stries as tra de, finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re theaters a re con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes ex ecu tive, p ro fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep arate plant and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s incidental to w a ter tran sportation w e r e excluded.
6 T h is industry d ivis ion is rep resen ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e ries A ta bles, and fo r " a l l in d u stries" in the S e ries B tables. Separate presen tation
o f data fo r this d ivis io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llow in g reason s: (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivis io n is too sm a ll to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it sep arate study, (2) the sam ple w as not
designed in itia lly to p e rm it sep arate presen tation, (3) respon se was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep arate presen tation , and (4) there is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individual establishm ent data.
7 W o rk ers fro m this en tire industry d ivis ion a r e rep res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A ta bles, but fr o m the r e a l estate portion only in estim ates
fo r " a ll in d u stries" in the S eries B ta bles. Separate presen tation o f data fo r this d ivis io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the reasons giv en in footnote 6 above.
8 H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion pictu res; non profit m em bersh ip orga n izatio n s (excluding re lig io u s and ch a rita b le orga n izatio n s); and en gin eering
and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




B ased on estim ates o f total, em ploym ent d e riv e d fr o m u ni­
v e r s e m a te r ia ls com p iled p r io r to actual su rvey, 38 p ercen t o f the
em p loyees w ithin scope o f the su rvey in R a leig h w e r e em ployed in
manufacturing fir m s . E le c tr ic a l m ach in ery and food products w e re
the m o st im portant m anufacturing in du stries, em ploying m o re than
h a lf o f the m anufacturing w o r k e r s .
Th e prop o rtio n s in the va rio u s industry d ivis io n s, based on
the re su lts o f the su rv ey, a r e shown in table 1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s of s e le c t e d p lan t w o rk e r g r o u p s.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ta g e s of ch an ge r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e ek ly s a l a r i e s fo r n o rm a l h o u rs
of w o rk , th at i s , the sta n d a rd w o rk sc h e d u le fo r w hich s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p aid . F o r p lan t w o rk e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex c lu d in g p re m iu m p a y fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o st of the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin e a c h gro u p .
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Office boys and girls
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Typists, classes A and B

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are
excluded because of a change in the description this year.

A v e r a g e w e ek ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s w e re
co m p u ted fo r ea c h of the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s. The a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
o r h o u rly e a r n in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by em p lo y m en t in ea c h of

the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w eigh ted e a r n in g s
fo r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e re then to ta le d to ob tain an a g g r e g a t e fo r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a t io ( e x p r e s s e d a s a p e rc e n ta g e )
of the gro u p a g g r e g a t e fo r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e fo r the o th e r
y e a r w a s co m p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 i s
the p e r c e n ta g e of ch an ge fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.
The
in d e x e s w e re co m p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a t io s fo r each g ro u p
a g g r e g a t e fo r e a c h p e r io d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r (1961).
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e f f e c t s of (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w age c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r
i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r fo r c e r e ­
su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e re d u c tio n s, and
ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith
d iffe re n t p ay le v e l s . C h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t i n c r e a s e the p ro p o rtio n of lo w e r
p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if ic o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a re d u ctio n in the p ro p o rtio n of lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ould h ave the
o p p o site e ffe c t. S i m i la r l y , the m o v em en t of a h ig h -p ay in g e s t a b li s h ­
m en t out of an a r e a co u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e e a r n in g s to d ro p , even
though no ch an ge in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r e a .
D ata a r e a d ju s te d w h ere n e c e s s a r y to re m o v e fr o m the in d e x e s and
p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge any sig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d by c h a n g e s in
sc o p e of the su r v e y .
The u s e of co n sta n t em p lo y m en t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
of c h a n g e s in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea c h jo b in ­
clu d e d in the d a ta . The p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge r e f le c t only ch a n g e s in
a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s . T h ey a r e not in flu e n c ed by
ch a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u le s , a s su c h , o r by p re m iu m p ay
fo r o v e r tim e .

Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Raleigh, N. C . ,
September 1965 and September 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
8
ii
§
s a
*

Inde
(Septembei
Industry and occupational group
September 1965

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)-----Industrial nurses ( men and w om en)----Skilled maintenance (men)--------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en)-----Industrial nurses (men and w om en)----Skilled maintenance (men)--------------Unskilled plant (m en)--------------------




Data do not m eet publication criteria.

121.4

0)

117.1
116.5

September 1964

115.9
(1)
110.2
111.0

(l )

C1)
(M

(D
117.6

110.7

<!>

il)

Percents of increase
September 1964
to
September 1965

4 .8

0)

6 .3
5 .0

(J)
( 1)
(D
6 .2

September 1963
to
September 1964

September 1962
to
September 1963

September 1961
to
September 1960

September 1959
to
September 1960

2 .4
( !)
2 .7
2 .7

2 .7
( *)
1.2
3 .2

4 .6
(*)
4 .7
2.1

5 .4
( !)
1.4
2 .6

0)
0)

3.3
( 1)
(D
2.1

3.1
(M
(1)
2.3

4 .0
(*)
(1)
3.9

( l)
2 .0

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R a le ig h , N .C ., S e p te m b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings 1
(stai idard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
wodcers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
S

M ean 2

M edian 2

45
U nder
$
an d
under
45

Middle range 2

$

$

50

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$
$
1 -----125 130
120

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

~

1
-

3
3

5
5

1
1

6
1

3
1

2
1

-

l
1

5
2

5
4

-

1
1

_

1
*
”

-

_

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

130

135

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

32
19

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

$
9 8 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

20
18

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 7 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

5 6 .5 0 5 6 .0 0 -

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

37
27

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

6 7 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

6 7 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

43
31

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

8 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

9u
27
63

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

6 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

53
53

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

5 8 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

29
17

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

COMPTOMETER O P E R A T O R S --------------

Id

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------NGNMANUFACTURING ----------------

64
56

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

$
9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

~

“

4
4

-

2
2

9
9

5
4

7
4

3
2

5
3

3
~

3
3

_

_

_

3
3

2
2

8
6

8
6

5
4

4
“

7
5

2
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

_

10
2
8

11
2
9

28
6
22

21
6
15

6
3
3

7
4
3

3
3

_

-

_

1

1

_

-

1

1

11
11

22
22

8
8

5
5

2
2

_
-

_

_
-

1
1

_

_

1
“

5
1

10
6

2
2

2

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

5

5

-

-

-

2

6
6

12
11

9
7

19
17

14
11

1
1

_

_
-

3
3

-

41
6
35
2

17
6
11
5

24
7
17
2

28
9
19
7

9
4
5
3

11
2
9
4

~

~

5 9 .0 0 5 8 .0 0 -

7 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

-

8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 -

9 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

_
-

6 9 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

7 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

_
-

-

68.00

6 5 .0 0 6 6 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 -

2
1
1

5 7 . 5U
5 7 .5 0

5 4 .5 0 5 4 .5 0 -

6 2 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

_

4
4

8 1 .5 0
8 5 . 5C

7 4 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 3 .u 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0

_

_

4 0 .0

6 9 . 5C

6 8 .5 0

6 3 .5 0 -

7 3 .0 0

-

-

-

2

4

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
8 3 . 5C

8 1 .5 0
3 1 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 7 4 .0 3 -

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

62
55

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

6 3 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

5 8 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 -

6 9 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

_

SECRETARIES34-----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES5--------------

2U 8
55
153
34

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .5
9 2 .5
9 5 .0
1 0 4 .5

8
8
8
9

0
0
0
1

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 3-------------

20

3 9 .0

I O C . or.

9 9 .5 0

9 3 .0 1 - 1 0 9 . 50

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 3------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

41
3?

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

100. 5 U

9 9 .5 0

-

1 0 3 .0 0

102.00

8 8 .5 9 - 1 1 4 .0 0
9 C .5 J - 1 1 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C 3------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

42
2 9

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 3 . OC
9 3 .5 0

9 0 . CO
9 0 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

_

-

“

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D3 ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

105
25
80

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 1 .C C
9 2 .0 0
9 1 . CO

8e.50

8 2 . 0 0 - 1 0 1 . OC
8 5 .5 9 - 1 0 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .5 0

_

_

_

9 3 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES5--------------

167
160
57

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 1 . 0v
7 1 .5 0

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

6 3 .5 0 6 3 .5 9 6 3 .0 0 -

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES5--------------

157
48
109
18

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 1 . CO
7 9 .0 0

7 8 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

7
7
6
7

89
90
88
07

-

_

-

-

4
-

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




0
0
0
0

88.00

9 2 .0
9 3 .5
9 2 .0
1 0 4 .5

0
0
0
0

4
2
5
5

0
3
9
4

.5
.5
.0
.0

.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

-1

3
3
4
6

.5
.0
.0
.0

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

.

-

2
2

4
4

7 4 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

_

WOMEN
BOUKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

6
5

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

1

_

_
-

-

_
-

_
~

8
1
7
5

6

_
—
-

8
8

-

2
2

19
18

15
15

14
12

10
8

1

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

4
1
3
“

14
4
10
1

9
5
4

28
8
20
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

1

2

5

1

4

-

1

3

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

3
1

2
2

2
-

5
5

2
2

8
5

5
4

2
2

3
2

4
4

3
3

_
“

2
2

-

_

_

_

1
-

2
-

6
4

13
11

2
2

4
2

7
5

1
“

4
4

2
1

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

4
1
3

9
9

5
3
2

18
2
16

22
4
18

11
5
6

7
2
5

15

2
1
1

4
1
3

1
1

_
-

_
-

6
6

21
21
7

32
29
12

40
37
11

29
28
11

10
10
6

19
19
1

10
10
5

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

l
1
l

_
-

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

12
12
-

18

31
9

20

27

7

16

5

8

7

12
1

22
4

14

13
14

5

2

2

1

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

4

6

6

2

10

6
1

6
9

2

-

-

3
-

8

7

1

5

2
4
4

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Raleigh, N .C ., September 1965)
Weekly earning , 1
(standard)
Number
of
woikers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of w orkers receivin g straight -tim e w eekly earnings of —
$

Average
weekly
(standard)

M edian 2

Middle range 2

-

$

A

$

$

$

%

%

$

%

$

$

$

%

%

%

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

IIP

115

120

125

130

135

-

3
3

-

—

—

-

-

-

-

4

5
4

2

2
2

and
under

$
45

50
w om en

$
50

45

Under
M ean 1
2

$

Co n t in u e d

$

$

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B3-------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

20

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

5 2 .5 0
* 2 .0 0

5 0 .0 0
4 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTUR1NG ----------------

34
27

4 C .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ———— —— —— —— — ——— ——
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

24
24

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

68

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

$

$

3 9 .0 0 3 8 .5 0 -

6 7 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

6 2 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 -

6 2 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

5 8 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 -

6 9 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

60

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

6 8 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

6 2 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 -

7 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

84
73

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

5 7 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

5 7 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

5 3 .0 0 5 2 .5 0 -

6 1 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

3

2

1
1

1

9

8 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

69

6 3 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

23

2

_

2

-

1

12

9

3

l

2

2

7

3

6
6

15
15

14
14

24

7
7

‘

-

3
3

1

-

—

-

10

2

-

_

—

5

2
~

6

28
27

18
15

3

2

-

—

_

_

2

4

1

2

-

_

1

22

3

11
llr

9

9

2

8

1 Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regu lar straight-tim e sa la ries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 The mean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings of a ll w orkers and dividing by the number of w orkers.
The median designates position—h a lf o f the em ployees surveyed re ceive
m ore than the rate shown; half re ceive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn
m ore than the higher rate.
3 D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
4 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
5 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
6 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
1 at $30 to $35; 6 at $35 to $40; and 2 at $40 to $45.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Raleigh, N .C ., September 1965)
Weekly earnings 1
(sta ndard)

Nunbct
Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard1

Number of w ork ers receivin g straight -tim e w eekly earnings of$

%
75

Mean2

M edian 2

Middle range 2

18
18

A

A

80

85

90

95

100

85

90

95

100

105

A
A
A
S
%
125
105 1 1 0
115 1 2 0

16
1A
IO

4 0 .0 113.50 116.00 103 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
40 .0 113.50 116.00 1 03 .00-12 3.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS c 3---------------------------

17

40 .0

98.00

95.00

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

A

A

$

135

140

145

150

155

130

135

140

145

15P

155

160

1
1

115

120

125

4
4

2
2

£
?

1
1

1
1

_

1

2

4

1
1

2
2

2

2

2
2

-

2

3
3

1

j

3
3

1
1
1

2

l

1

3

1

1 Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regu lar straight-tim e sala ries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 F o r definition o f term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 D escription fo r this occupation has been re vised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




A

t

130

A
$
$
160 165 170
and

110

$
40.0 149.00 147.50 134 .50-16 7.00
4 0 .0 149.00 147.50 1 3 4 .50-16 7.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS g 3 ______ _ ___ _ ______ _ ____
MANIIFAr v ui\ inu
n Anur Av TIIBIMC

$

and
under
80

0RAFTSMEN, CLASS A 3 ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING —

A

$

165
1

-

170 o ver
5
5

1

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , R a le ig h , N .C ., S e p te m b e r 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikeis

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS a -----------------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

43
31

40,5
4C.5

$
65.50
64.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

75
25
50

38,5
40.0
38.0

89.50
92.50
87.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

11 0
29
dl

38.5
39.0
38.o

69.50
7 3 .CO
68.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------------NUNMANUFACT'JRING-------------------------------

55
56

38.5
38.5

6 0 .5C
60.50

CLEPKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

40
26

39.5
39.0

e 4 .o o
89.00

COMPTOMFTFk OPERATORS ---------------------------

19

40.0

71.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

64
66

39.5
39.5

8 0 .5C
80.5C

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

62
55

38.5
38.0

6 4 .CO
63.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

22
22

38.5
38.5

5 6 .5C
56.60

SECRET ARIES* J-----------------------------------MANUFACTUR TNG----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T IL ITIE S 4--------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS A2

Average

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
213
57
156
37

$
39.0 95.00
40.0 92.00
95.50
33.5
39.5 107.50

23

SWITCHBOARD OPcRATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

34
27

$
40.0
40.0

70.00
69.50

39.0 1 0 1 .0 0

TABULAT ING-MACHI.NF OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------

16

36.5

82.00

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

24
24

38.0
3R.0

63.50
63.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

68
60

38.5
38.0

68.50
67.50

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

96
85

38.0
37.5

56.50
55.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 2------------------NUN4ANUPACTUP IN G -----------------------PJ8LIC U T IL ITIE S 4 ---------------------

42
33
15

39.0 101.50
39.0 1 0 4 .JO
4 0 .C 113.CC

SECRETARIES, CLASS C2----NONMANUFACTURING ----------

42
29

39.0
39.0

9 3 .UO
93.50

106
25

SI

39.0
39.5
38.5

9 1 .5G
92.00
9 1 .5C

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING--PUBLIC U TIL ITIE S 4-

167
160
57

38.0
28.0
39.0

70.50
71.00
7 1 .5C

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
CCCUPATICNS

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITIE S 4---------------------

163
48
115

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0

7 9 .5G
81.00
7 9 .CO
9 1 .G
C

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A2--------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

18
13

40.0 149.O
C
40.0 149.O
C

DRAFTSMAN, CLASS d2--------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

16
16

40.0 113.50
40.0 113.50

23

39.0
40.0

52.50
52.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C2--------------------------

18

40.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D2 ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------

StoITCH3HAR0 OPERATORS, CLASS 61
4
3
2
NONMANUFACTURING ---

20
2C

1 Standard hours re flect the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 Description fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
3 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




Number
of
workers

99.00

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
{A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Raleigh, N. C. , September 1965)
Hourly earnings 1

of
workers

M ean 2 M edian 2

Middle ran ge 2

$
2

$

S
$
%
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
2 .5 0 2.6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3.00 3. 10 3.2 0 3.30 3.40 3.50

and
under
2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2.3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 • 0 0

-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

28
19

1.9 4
2.65

1.85
2.5 9

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
1MAINTENANCE)--------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

10 1
17
84

2.70
2.09
2 . 82

2.67
1.99
3.0 0

2 .3 7 - 3.0 5
1 .9 4 - 2 .1 6
2 .5 9 - 3.0 6

2
2

9
7
2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

62
55

2.52
2.43

2.51
2.3 9

2 .2 7 - 2.5 9
2 .2 5 - 2 .5 7

_

_

1
1

1
1
~

10
6
4

“

5
5

6
6

3
3

10
10

9
9

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F o r definition o f term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .

4
4

6
6

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

12
12

17
17

-

—
-

2
2

1
1

20
20

2

1

-

3
3

1 .5 5 - 1 .5 3
2 .5 2 - 2.8 9

3.10 3. 2 0 3 .3 0 3.4C 3.5 0

~
1
1

~

4
4

1
1

-

“

9
-

—
~

“

6
6

1
1

-

4

~

36
36

o
•o
fO

o
o
•
<
M

1.90




$
$
2 .1 0 2 .2 0

u
»
o
l\
>
•
*
o

Occupation and industry division

Number o f w ork ers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings o f
$
$
S
1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A vera g e straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Raleigh, N. C . , September 1965)
Hourly earnings 1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
• 80
.90 1 . 0 0

Li
of
rkers

Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range 3

31
25

$
1.64
1.74

$
1.45
1.55

$
$
1 .3 2 - 2.2 3
1 .3 6 - 2.25

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------------

247
80
167
16

1.4 0
1.52
1.35
1.71

1.35
1.48
1.28
1.65

1 .2 5 1 .3 8 1 .2 3 1 .5 5 -

LABORERS, MATERIAL HA NO L I N G ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

218
92
126

1.58
1.44
1 .6 8

1.47
1.42
1.92

1 .3 3 - 1.94
1 .3 4 - 1.49
1 .3 0 - 1.97

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

174
161

1.90
1.93

2.0 3
2 .0 4

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

31
24

1.55
1.64

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

38
29

1.55
1.64
1.47
1.88

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 . 2 0 1.30 1. 40 1 . 50 1. 60 1.7 0 1 . 80 1.9 0 2 . 0 0

t
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.3 0 2.4 0 2 .5 0 2.6 0 2.70

1 .2 0

1.30 1.40 1 . 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1.80 1 . 90 2 . 0 0

2 . 2 0 2.3 0 2 .4 0 2.50 2 .6 0 2.7 0 2.80

and
under
.90 1 . 0 0

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

$
1 .1 0

1 .1 0

-

-

1
~

—
-

5
2

9
7

2
2

4
4

96
5
91
~

34
19
15
“

31
20
11
1

24
9
15
7

28
18
10

33
27
6

45
33
12

7
7
~

7
7
-

8
3

9
9

12
9

11
8

4

5
2

5
5

3
3

7
7

4
4

-

2

3
3

5
4

5

2

2

3

-

-

-

-

5

2

2
-

3
-

45
12
33

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

1 .8 4 - 2.08
1 .9 3 - 2.0 8

_

_

_

1.57
1.64

1 .3 8 - 1.69
1 .4 9 - 1.84

_

1.91
1.96

1.91
1.98

1 .6 2 - 2.33
1 .6 1 - 2.52

-

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

~
_

_

~

-

—

-

2 .1 0

-

—
~

-

2
1
1
1

10
8
2
1

1

1
1
~

67
5
62

11

1

1
1

7
7

13
11

93
93

20
20

•

-

-

4
4

“

3
3

3
-

2
-

5
5

1
1

8
-

8
4
1

-

—

10
10

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

11

1

1

-

-

-

—

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

—

~

1
1

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

“

-

-

_

4
4

1
-

-

1

_

8
8

-

-

_

_

-

-

SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS -----

21

2 .1 2

2.09

2 .0 1 - 2.35

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

1

7

-

3

3

-

-

-

3

TRUCK DR IVERS5 ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

224
56
168

1.93
1.50
2.07

1.75
1.51
2.32

1 .4 4 - 2.55
1 .4 2 - 1.64
1 .4 6 - 2.59

-

_

-

15
11
4

16
12
4

4
3
1

8

11

8

6

34

37

_

~

44
16
28

2
2

~

22
3
19

1
1

~

15
8
7

l

—

_
-

1

8

11

8

6

34

37

•

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNOER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------

16

1.43

1.36

1 .2 9 - 1.4 9

-

-

-

-

5

6

2

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONSI ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

140
26
114

1.90
1.44
2 .0 0

1.75
1.48
2 .2 2

1 .4 3 - 2.50
1 .2 8 - 1.62
1 .4 5 - 2.52

_

_
-

10
8
2

16
1
15

32
6
26

4
4
-

8
6
2

1
1
-

1

_

-

1

8

11

8

6

33

1

1

-

1

8

11

8

6

33

1

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT! -------MANUFACTURING --------------------

50
21

1.89
1.69

2.0 3
1 .6 6

1 .6 4 - 2.0 8
1 .3 8 - 2.0 4

4
4

2
2

_

5
2

5
5

_

_

_

28
8

6

_

_

_

1
2
3
4
5

_
-

—

~
-

_

_

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition o f term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e rs re ga rd le ss o f size and type o f truck operated.




_

_

_

10
B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n o f establish m ents studied in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivis ion s by m inim um entrance s a la ry fo r s e le cted c a te g o rie s
o f in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o rk ers* Raleigh* N . C . , S eptem ber 1965)
In experien ced typists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eek ly stra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk ers 1
2
Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

Manufacturing
A ll
in du stries

Based on standard w eek ly hours 3 o f—

A ll
in du stries

A ll
schedules

40

Establish m ents studied--------------- ------------------------------------

78

30

XXX

48

XXX

78

30

Establish m ents having a sp e c ifie d m inim um --------------------

19

6

6

13

5

36

11

1
1
1
7

_
1

_
_
_
1

1
1
1
6

$42. 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$47 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$45. 00-------------------------------------------$47. 50
— ---- —
_ -___
_
$ 5 0 .00_ ~
— . . . . .
._ ..
$ 52. 50—
. — — ..
$ 55. 00—
___
___
$ 57. 50.
. . . .
$ 60. 00—
- — --------$ 62. 50
.
---- ----------- --------$ 65. 00 — — .
..
$ 67. 50--------------------------------------------

4
1
1
2
1

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1

3

1

.

_

1
-

1
-

E stablish m ents having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---- --------- ----

3

1

XXX

2

XXX

56

23

XXX

33

XXX

Establish m ents w hich did not em p loy w o rk ers
in this c a te g o ry —
..
—
. ---- -------

-------

.

-

_

.

_

.

_
_
3
_

1
2
1
16
4,
4
3
2
1
2




40

XXX

11
_
_

A ll
schedules

40

48

XXX

25

14

1
2
1
12
4
3
1
1

9
2
1
1
1

_
.
4

4

1
2
1
1
2

1
2
1
1
2

15

9

XXX

6

XXX

27

10

XXX

17

XXX

1 T h ese s a la rie s re la te to fo r m a lly establish ed m inim um sta rtin g (h irin g ) re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s that a re paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
Exclu des w o rk e rs in s u b c le ric a l jobs such as m e ssen g er o r o ffic e g ir l.
Data a r e presen ted fo r aU standard w orkw eeks com bined* and fo r the m ost com m on standard w ork w eek re p o rted .

3

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—

-

_
_

-

1
1

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S hift d iffe re n tia ls o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount o f d iffe re n tia l,
R a leig h , N. C. , Septem ber 1965)
P e r c e n t o f manufacturing plant w ork ers—
In establishm ents having fo rm a l
p rovis ion s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe re n tia l

A ctu a lly w orking on—

Second shift
w ork

T h ird o r other
sh ift w ork

Second shift

T h ird o r oth er
shift

T o ta l..........................................................................

71.6

47.7

15. 2

5. 0

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l________________

_____

39.9

39.7

7. 0

2. 5

U n iform cents (p e r h o u r)___________ _____ __

25.2

22.9

4. 1

2.4

5 c e n ts ________________________ __ _________ _
6 c e n ts ___________ __ __________ ______
8 cents ________________ ____ _______________ _
1 0 c ents__ __ __ ____________ ______________ _
12 cents__ ______ ____________ _________ _
13y3 c e n ts __________________________________
15 c e n t s „ ____________ _ ____
___
25 cents-----------------------------------------------

4. 7
5. 5

8.7

.4
1. 2

1. 6

-

2.6
5. 5
4. 3
1.7

.7
1.8
-

.2
.5
-

14. 7

14. 7

3. 0

•1

14.7

14. 7

3. 0

•1

2. 1

-

.1

8.0

8. 2

2.5

9 .9
_

5. 1
-

U n ifo rm p e r c e n ta g e __________________________
10 p ercen t_____

_

-

___

O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe re n tia l. _____________

-

W ith no sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l___________________

31.7

_

-

1
Includes establishm ents cu rren tly operatin g late sh ifts, and establishm ents w ith fo rm a l p ro vis io n s co v e rin g la te shifts
even though they w e r e not c u rre n tly o peratin g late shifts.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t distribu tion o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll industries and in industry d ivis ion s by scheduled w e e k ly hours
o f fir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s , R a leig h , N. C. , Septem ber 1965)
O ffic e w o rk ers

Pla n t w ork ers
W eek ly hours
A l l In d u s trie * 1

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________

_____ . .

_

32 h o u r s

100

100

P u b lic u tilities 2
1

100

A ll industries 3

100

M an u factu rin g

100

P u b lic utilities 2

100

( 4)

O v e r 35 and under 37V2 h o u rs ___________________
37 l/ z hour« , r .
, .
. „ .
O ver 37*/i and under 40 h o u rs ___________________
40 h o u r s
. . . . . .
O ver 40 and under 45 hours_________ ______ .
45 h o u r s
_
O ver 45 and under 48 hours_______________________
48 hours - . .
................_____ - . . . . . . . . ______ .
O ver 48 hours_____________________________________

1
2
2
4

M a n u fa ctu rin g

3
8
-

70
3

4

84

_
_
89

2
2

6

6

2
6

2

4

4

9

(4)

3
17
13

10

56

86

_

_
82

1

(4 )

1

(4)

_
_

2

“

1

5

(4 )
(4)

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
Tran sportation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su rance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara te ly.
L e s s than 0 .5 percen t.




18

12

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , R a le i g h , N . C . , S e p t e m b e r 1965)
Plan t w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

Item
All industries1

____________________________________________________

W o rk e rs in establish m ents provid in g
paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________
W o rk ers in establish m ents provid ing
no paid h o lid a y s __________________ ______ __

M
anufacturing

Publio utilities 1
2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

81

78

100

99

99

100

19

22

-

1

_
7
5
13
15
2
11
1
16
2
10

_
11
8
15
8
5
15
2
15

0
(4)
2
14
2
30
(4)
37
1
12

-

-

5
5
5
6
60
4
15

3
6
22
25
23
4
15

(4)
13
2
62
3
19

10
12
28
28
39
41
57
69
74
81
81

15
17
32
32
37
37
45
60
68
78
78

15
19
79
85
90
90
95
95
100
100
100

12
13
50
51
80
82
96
98
98
98
99

15
19
42
42
67
67
90
95
98
98
99

19
22
84
87
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

(4)

-

2

.

Num ber o f days

1 h oliday.................................................................
2 h o lid a y s _______________ ______________________
3 h o lid a y s ______ ________________________________ _
4 holidays _________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
5 h olidays plus 1 h alf day________________________
6 h o lid a y s ____________________________________ ___
6 holidays plus 1 h a lf day________________________
7 h o lid a y s _____________ __ _____ ___ __ ____ ,______
7 holidays plus 1 h alf day______________________
8 h o lid a y s ______________ ______ _______ ______

_
-

n

T o ta l holiday tim e 5
8 d a y s _____________________________________________
7l/z days o r m o re _________________________________
7 days o r m o r e __________________ _______________ _
6l/z days o r m o r e ..___________________ ____ _______
6 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
5l/z days o r m o re ___ ______________________________
5 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
4 days o r m o r e _________________________________
3 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
2 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
1 day o r m o re _______________________________ —

1
2
3
4
8
no h alf

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep arately.
Tran sp ortation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep arately.
L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.
A l l com binations o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e amount a r e combined; fo r exam ple, the prop ortion o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a total o f 7 days includes those w ith 7 fu ll days and
days, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf days, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and so on. P r o p o rtio n s w e r e then cumulated.




13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , R a le i g h , N .C ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 5 )
Plan t w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

V acation p o lic y
A ll industries2

A l l w n r l c p r g _____________

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic utilities3

A ll industries 4

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
81
14

91
65
26

100
100

99
99

99
98
1

100
100

Method o f paymeuc
W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
p a id v a c a t io n s

L e n g th -o f-tim e pa ym en t_______ _______ ______ P ercen ta g e paym ent _____
F l a t - S l i m p a y m e n t _______

-

_

Other .— _ ,_________ ________
_______- _______________
W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
no paid va cation s __________________________________ _____

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

5

9

-

(5)

(5 )

8
15
1

13
7
-

69
_

-

-

-

( 5)
-

Am ount of vacation p a y 6
A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w e e k _____ ______ _
_______
____ ___
. , __ ,
_
—
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

_

1
40
26
6

5
38
11

(5)

_
78
_

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
( 5)
73
-

_

_

_

1 w eek —_ _ _
. __
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________

77

65

_

-

2 w eeks

18

11

35

21
11
66

1

2
53
21
16

_

.

6
20
73

8
4
89

U nder 1 w eek

.............. _

. _

.

_

_

27

49

72

51

_

A ft e r 2 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
1 w eek __ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks _ _____
_
__

45
17

32

_
20

_
80

_
2
19
78

A ft e r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1

Under 1 w eek __
1 w eek
___
__
_
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ____________
2 w eeks

_

. .

—

. _

2

_

36
13
45

49
21
19

6
6
88

_

5
( 5)
95

_
15
_

84

_
2

(5)
97

A ft e r 4 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
1 w eek
_
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks

1

---_______

---_____

2

_

34
14

45

47

23

6
6
88

22

_

_

5
( 5)

15

2

_

(5)

95

84

97

A ft e r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
—
1 w eek
__
_
_ _
—
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------- ----- —_____ _________
2 w e e k s ----- ,,_____________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______ _____
3 w eeks
__

See footn otes at end o f table.




1
18

5
69

1
1

_

_

_

_

2

5

-

6
_

_
_

94
_

100
_

2
20
6
63

95

-

-

94
2
2

14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations'— Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , R a le i g h , N .C ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 5 )
Plan t w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

V acation p o lic y
All industries1
2

M
anufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

M
anufacturing

Pu e utilities3
t>U

Amount of va ca tion p a y 6— Continued
A ft e r 10 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k . _____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks_________________ ___ ____
2 w eeks________________________________________ _____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ._______ . ..
3 w eeks__
..
— __
4 w eek s_____
—
...
_______

47
-

2
_
56
( 5)
41
1

6
_
49
( 5)
45
-

.
.
81
_
19
-

22
41
3
26
-

_
31
17
52
-

2
_
48
7
37
5
1

6
_
46
(5)
48
.

.
_
34
43
22
.

-

-

22

.
17
83
-

2
_
23
68
6

6
_
26
68
-

_
7
93
-

-

2
_
23
41
32
1

6
.
25
35
34
-

_
_
7
70
23
-

2
22
30

6
_
25
35
34
-

_
_
7
9
84
-

19
1
51
24
-

22
47
22
-

19
1
44
3
28
-

19
1
36
38
1

.
_
53
-

A ft e r 12 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
. __
- _. __ ______ _
-----O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks_________ _______________
2 w eeks
.....
- _ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks . . . . __ . . . __ __
3 w eeks __ .
.
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks_________________________
4 w eek s .
._ ._
_____
__ ._
A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s .___ _. .
2 w eeks ._
__
. . . .
3 w eeks________ __
_
4 w eeks _____
___
. . .

-

32
38
-

_

A ft e r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s________________________
2 w eeks __ _ _
—
3 w eeks . . . .
4 w e e k s ___ . . .
.... . . .
O ver 4 w eeks .

22

19
1
35
20
20
-

30
14
25
-

17
60
23
-

19
1
35
12
28
-

22
30
14
25
-

17
5
79
-

19
1
35
12
28
( 5)

22

.

30
14
25
“

17
5
78
( 5)

-

A ft e r 25 ye a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k . ____ . . . .
---- ----- ----------- O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks_______________ ____ _____
2 w eek s ..
_____ — ---- —----3 w eek s_____________________________________________
4 w eeks __ . . . . .
. . . .
. . .
O ver 4 w eeks __ __
_____
----- ------

44

1

A ft e r 30 ye a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ..
_____ _ __ _ __ -------- O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks_______ ___ _____________
2 w eek s .
___ . . .
3 w eeks____
.
____
4 w eeks____
___
—
---- O ver 4 w eeks
._
—
—

2

22

30
44
1

6

.

-

-

25
35
34
-

7
9
84
(5)

1 Includes b a sic plans only. Excludes plans such as va ca tion -sa vin gs and those plans which o ffe r "ex ten d ed " o r "s a b b a tic a l" b en efits beyond ba sic plans to w o rk ers with qu alifyin g lengths
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such exclu sions a re plans in the ste e l, aluminum, and can in du stries.
2 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown sep ara tely.
3 T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin ance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep ara tely.
5 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.
6 Includes paym ents other than "len gth of t i m e , " such as percen tage of annual earn in gs o r fla t-s u m paym ents, co n verted to an equivalent tim e b a sis; fo r exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t
of annual earn in gs was co n sid ered as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al p rovis ion s fo r p ro g re s s io n s . F o r exam ple, the changes
in prop o rtio n s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p rovis ion s o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim ates a re cum ulative. Thus, the prop o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w eek s' pay o r m o re
a fte r 5 y e a rs includes those who r e c e iv e 3 w eek s' pay o r m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




15

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry division s em ployed in establish m ents provid in g
health, in su rance, and pension ben efits, 1 R aleigh , N .C ., S eptem ber 1965)
Plan t w ork ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

T y p e of ben efit
A ll industries

4

A l l industries1
2

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities34

100

100

100

100

100

100

84

81

91

97

95

95

61

57

67

55

64

68

69

61

85

71

74

92

Sickness and accident insu rance__________
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ).. _ _____ ___ _____ .
Sick lea ve (p a rtia l pay o r
w aitin g p e rio d )______
______ ______

46

57

37

39

54

58

14

-

25

51

48

30

14

8

44

6

3

19

H o sp ita liza tio n insurance_____________________
S u rgica l in su rance_____________________________

82
82
52
45
59

83
83
45
42
53

95
95
90
90
81

95
95
78
82
86

93
93
64
85
72

91
91
91
91
77

9

11

A ll w o rk e rs

__

_ __ _

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities3

W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g:
L i f e in s u r a n c e

A ccid e n ta l death and dism em b erm en t
insurance- ____ _ _____
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick lea ve o r b o th 5.
____________
___

M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e

C atastrophe insu rance________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n
.... .
N o health, insurance, o r pension p la n ______

1

3

1 Includes those plans fo r which at le a s t a p a rt of the cost is born e b y the em p lo y er, except those le g a lly re q u ired , such as w ork m en 's com pensation, s o c ia l secu rity, and ra ilro a d re tirem e n t.
2 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those indu stry division s shown sep ara tely.
3 T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il tra de; fin ance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those indu stry division s shown sep ara tely.
5 Unduplicated total o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sickness and accident insurance shown sep a ra te ly below . Sick lea ve plans a re lim ite d to those which d efin itely establish at lea st the
m inim um num ber o f days' pay that can be expected b y each em p loy ee. In fo rm al sick lea ve allow an ces determ in ed on an individual ba sis a re excluded.




16
Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivis ion s em ployed in establish m ents provid in g health insurance ben efits
c o v e r in g em p loy ees and th e ir dependents, R aleigh , N .C . , S eptem ber 1965)
Plan t w ork ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

T ype o f ben efit, c o v e ra g e , and financing 1
All industries 1
2

A ll w o rk e rs

-

_

-

W o rk ers in establish m ents provid ing:
H o sp ita liza tio n in su rance_____________________
C o v e rin g em p loyees o n ly _ — _ —
E m p lo y er financed---------------------------Jointly financed
_ — _
. —
C o verin g em p loy ees and th e ir
dependents — — _ - —
E m p lo y er financed
—
Jointly financed--------------------------------E m p lo y er financed fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents _

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries4

M
anufacturing

Publio utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

82
45
25
20

83
45
22
24

95
14
9
•5

95
61
38
23

93
52
17
35

91
8
3
5

37
6
22

37
5
18

81
15
62

34
6
24

41
4
10

83
19
64

8

15

4

4

26

( 5)

S u rgica l in su rance------------------------------------C o v e rin g em p loy ees o n ly ----------------- ----E m p lo y er financed— — Jointly financed_________________________
C o v e rin g em p loyees and th e ir
dependents
E m p lo y er financed______________________
Jointly financed — —
_ _
E m p lo y er financed fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents--------

82
45
25
20

83
45
22
24

95
14
9
5

95
61
38
23

93
52
17
35

91
8
3
5

37
6
22

37
5
18

81
15
62

34
6
24

41
4
10

83
19
64

8

15

4

4

26

( 5)

M ed ica l in s u ra n c e ---------- ------------- ------- ----C o verin g em p loyees o n ly _____—________ __
E m p lo y er financed— - _ — —
Jointly financed
- —
—
C o verin g em p loy ees and th e ir
dependents ——___ ——_____________________
E m p lo y er financed___ _______ __ ____ ____
Jointly financed _ _
_ — _ —
E m p lo y er financed fo r em p loy ees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents - -

52
32
17
16

45
29
11
18

90
9
4
5

78
51
19
32

64
40
8
32

91
8
3
5

20
3
16

16
3
13

81
15
62

28
4

24
4
9

83
19
64

( 5)

-

4

2

11

( 5)

Catastrophe in su rance- — —
—
- - C o verin g em p loy ees only —
E m p lo y er financed
_
_ _
Jointly financed---- ---—
— C o v e rin g em p loyees and th e ir
dependents
—
—
_ _ _
E m p lo y er financed_______ __ _______ ——
Jointly finane e d_________________________
E m p lo y er financed fo r em ployees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents--------

45
19

42
19
4

4

11

16

5

82
56
19
37

85
46
16
30

91

8

90
9

27

23
-

81
57
24

26
16

39
13

83
38
46

4

26

6
13

8

8

15

22

6

8

3
5

1 Includes plans fo r which at le a s t a part o f the co st is borne by the em p lo y er. See footnote 1, table B - 6 . An establish m ent was co n sid ered as provid in g b en efits to em p loy ees fo r th e ir
dependents i f such co v e ra g e was ava ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo rity o f those em ployees one would u su ally expect to have dependents, e. g . , m a r rie d men, even though they w e re le s s than a m a jo rity
o f a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The em p lo y er b ea rs the en tire co st o f "e m p lo y e r fin an ced" plans.
The e m p lo y er and em p loyee share the co st o f "jo in tly fin a n ced " plans.
2 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra de, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep ara tely.
3 T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le trade, r e ta il trade; finance, in su rance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep ara tely.
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.




17

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
b y ty p e o f p l a n s , R a le i g h , N .C ., S e p t e m b e r 1965)
O ffic e w o rk ers

Plan t w ork ers
T ype o f plan
A ll Industrie* 2
1

A ll w o rk ers

____ _ ____ _

__ _

_ _ ______

W o rk ers in establishm ents provid ing
p rofit-sh a rin g plans
__
. _ _____ ______

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities 3

A ll industries4

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

23

18

5

14

35

4

20

18

13

35

Plan s provid in g fo r cu rren t

Plan s p rovid ing fo r d e fe rr e d
d is trib u tio n __
..
---- __ ___ __ ______
Plans p rovid ing fo r both cu rrent
and d e fe rr e d d is trib u tio n ___ _____

_____

2

3

Plan s p rovid in g fo r em p lo y e e 's ch oice
o f method o f d istrib u tio n . __ ___ _
__ ..
W o rk ers in establishm ents p rovid in g no
p ro fit-sh a rin g pla n s..
.
. . __ _ ______

1
advance
plant o r
2
3
4

77

82

95

86

65

96

The study was lim ite d to fo rm a l plans (1) having establish ed form u la s fo r the allocatio n o f p ro fit shares among em p loyees; (2) whose fo rm u la s w e re com m unicated to the em p loyees in
o f the determ in a tion o f p ro fits; (3) that re p res en t a com m itm en t by the company to make p erio d ic contributions based on p ro fits; and (4) in which e lig ib ility extends to a m a jo rity o f the
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
Includes data fo r w holesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra de, r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w holesa le trade; r e ta il tra d e; fin ance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.







Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for drafts­
man, secretary, and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain
salary information for more specific categories.
Secretary. The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B,
C, and D) classify these workers according to levels of responsibility. The
size of the organization and the scope of the supervisor's position are con­
sidered in distinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite
title of secretary are not comparable to data previously published.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead




19

of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.
Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (classes A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, data presented for any of
these occupations are not comparable to data previously published.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fidier,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
21

22
C L E R K , A CCO U N TIN G — Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

C L E R K , O R D ER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker's name, woiking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23
KEYPUN CH OPERATO R— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 1(X) but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24
S EC R ET A R Y — Continued

STEN O GRAPH ER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefi or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over, 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­ o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters, e t c .; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

b.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
5,000 persons.
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
Class D
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
(''Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
unit (e. g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
tion purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
priate for calls. )
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory w orker.)
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g . , giving
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
e&ension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
are referred to another operator.)
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




25
SW ITCHBOARD O P ER A TO R -R ECEPTIO N IST

In addition to performing duties of Operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABU LA TIN G -M A CH IN E OPERATO R— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woxk
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following; Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26
PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN—Continue d

Class A , Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of m aterials to be used,, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27
E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TEN AN CE

H ELPER, M AIN TEN AN CE TRA D ES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of die auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine diop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the followings Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following?
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29
TO O L AND D IE M AKER— Continued

SH EET-M ET A L W O R KER, M AIN TENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m akers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the followings
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or olher transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

30
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woxk requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type ana size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

.*
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study puiposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—

The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order a s BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1965. 45 cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys*
A list o f t h e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y indicating d a t e s of ea r l i e r
available o n re quest.
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S. G o v e r n m e n t
o r f r o m a n y of th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s offices s h o w n o n the i n s i d e fr o n t c o v e r .

s t u d i e s , a n d t h e p r i c e s o f t h e b u l l e t i n s is
P r i n t i n g Office, W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 ,

Bulletin n u m b e r
Area
Akron,

Ohio,

June

and price

1 9 6 5 -----------------------------------------

Bulletin n u m b e r
an d price

Area’

1430-78,

25 cents

Milwaukee,

N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 5 _____________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 5 -------------------------Allentown— B e t h l e h e m — Easton, P a . — N.J., Feb. 19 65_
_
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 5 _________________________________________

1430-52,
1430-62,

25 cents
20 cents

M i n n e a p o l i s — St. P a u l , M i n n . ,
M u s k e g o n — M u s k e g o n Heights,

1430-48,
1430-74,

20 cents
25 cents

Newark

1 9 6 5 ________________

1430-45,

25 cents

1 9 6 5 --------------------------------

1430-34,

25 cents

B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v . 1 9 6 4 1 _________________________________
B e a u m o n t — P o r t A r t h u r , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 5 __________________

1430-27,
1430-66,

30 ce nt s
20 cents

1430-53,
1430-80,

30 ce nt s
40 cents

B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________
B o i s e Ci t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 5 __________________________________

1430-60,

25 cents

N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 5 1 ________________________________
Norfolk— P o rt sm ou th and N e w p o r t N e w s —

1465-1,

20 cents

1430-77,

25 cents

Boston,

1 9 6 4 1 ___________________________________

1430-16,

30 c e n t s

O k l a h o m a City,

1465-5,

20 cents

B u f f a l o , N . Y ., D e c . 1 9 6 4 1 ____________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 5 1 _________________________________

1430-36,
1430-51,

30 c e n t s
25 cents

C a n t o n , O h i o , A p r . 1 9 6 5 _______________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________

1430-59,
1430-65,

20 cents
20 cents

O m a h a , N e b r . — I o w a , O c t . 1 9 6 4 -----------------------------P a t e r s o n — C l i f t o n — P a s s a i c , N . J. , M a y 1 9 6 5 ______________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 4 1 _______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 5 ____________________________________

1430-17,
1430-71,
1430-28,
1430-56,

25
25
35
20

Pittsburgh, Pa.,
Portland, M a i n e ,

J a n . 1 9 6 5 1 __________________________________
N o v . 1 9 6 4 ___________________________________

1430-41,
1430-21,

30 cents
25 cents

P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 5 __________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — P a w t u c k e t , R . I.— M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 5 1 _________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , S e p t . 1 9 6 5 1 -----------------------------------

1430-70,
1430-67,
1465-10,

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents

1430-19,
1430-63,

25 cents
20 cents

A l ba ny— Sc henectady— Troy,

Mass.,

Oct.

N e w

Wis.,

Apr.

1 9 6 5 1 --------------------------------

a n d J e r s e y City,

Haven,

Conn.,

Hampton,

N.J.,

Jan.

V a . , June

J a n . 1 9 6 5 1 ________________
M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 5 ___________
Feb.

1 9 6 5 1 __________________________________

Okla., Aug.

1 9 6 5 ____________________________

1430-58,

25 cents

1430-39,
1430-68,

30 cents
20 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents

1 9 6 5 ___________________________________

1430-61,

25 cents

C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 5 ________________________
C h i c a g o , 111. , A p r . 1 9 6 5 1 -------------------------------------

1465-7,
1430-72,

20 cents
30 ce nt s

Cincinnati,

1 9 6 5 ____________________________

1430-55,

25 cents

S e p t . 1 9 6 5 ___________________________________
O c t . 1 9 6 4 1 ----------------------------------

1465-8,
1430-18,

25 ce nt s
30 c e n t s

1430-25,

30 c e n t s

R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1 9 6 4 ____________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111. , M a y 1 9 6 5 _______________________________________
1 9 6 4 1 _________ ___________________

1430-22,

30 ce nt s

Ill., O c t . 1 9 6 4 1 _________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 5 ________________________________________

1430-20,
1430-31,

25 cents
25 cents

S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 4 1 ___________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 1 _______________________________

1430-33,
1430-81,

25 cents
25 cents

D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 4 ------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b . 1 9 6 5 _________________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 5 1 ___________________________________

1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,

25 cents
20 cents
30 ce nt s

S a n B e r n a r d i n o — R i v e r s i d e — O n t a r i o , Calif. ,
S e p t . 1 9 6 4 ----------------------------------------------------------

F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 4 1 _______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g . 1 9 6 5 __________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C . , M a y 1 9 6 5 ----------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 ______________________________________

1430-24,
1465-4,
1430-69,
1430-82,

30
20
20
25

Indianapolis,

1430-30,

25 cents

Seattle— E v e r e t t ,

Charlotte,

N.C.,

Cleveland,
Columbus,
Dallas,

Ohio— Ky. , M a r .
Ohio,
Ohio,

Tex.,

Nov.

Davenport— Rock

Jackson,

Apr.

1 9 6 4 1 _____________________________________

Island— Moline,

Ind. , D e c .

Miss.,

Feb.

St.

1 9 6 4 _________________________________

1 9 6 5 ------------------------------------

Jacksonville,

Fla.,

Kansas

M o . — Kans.,

City,

Iowa-

Jan.

1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________

1430-8,

20 cents

1430-12,
1430-37,

25 cents
25 cents

Savannah,
Scranton,

1430-64,
1465-3,

20 cents
25 cents

1465-9,

30 cents

20 cents

S i o u x Falls,

S.

25 cents

South Bend,

Ind.,

25 cents

Spokane,

20 cents

Toledo,

Li t t l e R o c k — N o r t h L i tt le R o c k , A r k . , A u g .
1 9 6 5 _______
L o s A n g e l e s — L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 5 1 __________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — I n d . , F e b . 1 9 6 5 1 ___________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 -------------------------------------

1465-6,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1430-73,

20
30
25
20

1 9 6 5 ------ .-----------------------.

cents
cents
cents
cents

Trenton,

Dak.,

Wash.,
Ohio,

1 9 6 5 -------------------------------------1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________________

Wash.,

1430-44,

1430-75,

N. H. , A u g .

Ga., M a y
Pa., Aug.

1430-38,
1430-26,

Manchester,

1 9 6 4 _______________________

M a s s . — N. H . , J u n e

M o . — 111., O c t .

S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 4 1 ------------------------------S a n F r a n c is c c r - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 5 1 _______________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f _____________________________________________________

1 9 6 5 -----------

L a w r e n c e — Haverhill,

Nov.

cents
cents
cents
cents

Louis,

June

1 9 6 5 1 _________________________

1 9 6 4 _____________________________

1430-15,

20 cents

1 9 6 5 __________________________________

1430-54,

20 cents

1 9 6 5 1 __________________________________

1430-79,

25 cents

1 9 6 5 1 _____________________________________

1430-50,

25 cents

1 9 6 4 1 -----------------------------------

1430-35,

25 cents

N. J . , D e c .

Washington,

Oct.

Mar.

Feb.

Oct.

D. C. — M d . — V a . , Oct.

1 9 6 4 1 _________________

1430-14,

30 cents

W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 5 ________________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 4 1 __________________________________

1430-49,
1430-23,

20 cents
25 cents

1 9 6 4 1 __________________________________

1430-11,

25 cents

J u n e 1 9 6 5 ________________________________
1 9 6 5 -------------------------------------------

1430-76,
1430-46,

25 cents
20 cents

1465-2,

20 cents

Wichita,

M e m p h i s , T e n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 5 ___________________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 4 .................................... ....

1430-40,
1430-29,

25 cents
25 cents

Worcester,

Mass.,

York,

Feb.

Midland and Odessa,

(Notpreviously surveyed)

T e x _____ —

______________________________

* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys."




(Not previously surveyed)

Kans.,

Pa.,

Youngstown

Sept.

Warren,

O h i o -------------------------------------

(Not previously surveyed)