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AREAWAGESURVEY
Pro vid ence—W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , Rhode Island—
M a s s a c hu s e tts , M e t ro p o lita n Area, M a y 19 73
B u l l e t i n 1775 8 4




U S DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
____ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s r e s u l t s o f a M a y 1973 s u r v e y of o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s in t h e
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t ,
Rhode
Islan d — a s sa c h u s e tts ,
M
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a (in R h o d e I s l a n d : C e n t r a l F a l l s , C r a n s t o n ,
E a s t P ro v id e n c e , P aw tu ck et, P ro v id e n c e , and W oonsocket c it ie s , and sev en tow ns
in P r o v i d e n c e C o u n t y ; N a r r a g a n s e t t a n d N o r t h K i n g s t o w n t o w n s in W a s h in g t o n
C o u n ty ; W a r w ic k c it y a n d t h r e e to w n s in K e n t C o u n ty ; a l l o f B r i s t o l C o u n ty ; a n d
J a m e s t o w n to w n in N e w p o r t C o u n ty ; a n d in M a s s a c h u s e t t s ! :
A ttle b o ro city and
n in e c o n tig u o u s to w n s in B r i s t o l , N o r fo lk , a n d W o r c e s t e r C o u n t ie s ) . T h e s u r v e y
w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s ' an n u al a r e a w age su rv e y
program .
The program
is d e sig n e d to y ield d a ta fo r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s , a s w ell a s n atio n al and r e g io n a l e s t im a te s fo r a ll S ta n d a rd M e tro p o litan
A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c lu d i n g A l a s k a a n d H a w a i i , ( a s d e f i n e d b y th e U .S .
O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u g h N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d to
d e s c r i b e th e le v e l an d m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h
th e a n a l y s i s o f (1) th e l e v e l a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , a n d (2) th e
m o v em e n t o f w a g e s by o c cu p atio n al c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l.
The p rogram de­
v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n th at m a y be u s e d fo r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , a n d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t
lo c a tio n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m in a tio n s u n d e r the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
(See list of a r e a s
on in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly . I n f o r m a t io n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in th e p a s t , i s n o w o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u al a r e a w ag e s u r v e y s h ave been
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t b r in g s to g e th e r d a ta
m etro p o litan a r e a su rv ey ed .
T h e sec o n d s u m m a r y b u lletin p r e s e n
and
reg io n al e stim a te s,
p ro je c te d
fro m
in d iv id u al m e tr o p o lita n

co m p lete d ,
for each
ts n atio n al
area
d ata.

T h e P r o v i d e n c e — arw ic k — a w tu c k e t s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y the B u r e a u 's
W
P
r e g io n a l o ffic e in B o s t o n , M a s s . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f P a u l V. M u lk e r n ,
A s s ista n t R e gio n a l D ire c to r fo r O p e ratio n s.
T h e s u r v e y co u ld not h ave been
a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o se w a g e an d s a l a r y
d a t a p r o v id e d the b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l in f o r m a t io n in t h i s b u lle tin .
The
B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n fo r th e c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s
o f u n ion w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g
e m p lo y e e s, lo ca l tr u c k d riv e rs and h e lp e rs, and g r o c e r y sto re e m p lo y e e s.
Free
c o p ie s o f t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le fr o m th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(See b ack
co v e r for a d d r e s s e s .)

A R EA W A G E SU R VEY

B ulletin 1775-84
S ep tem b er 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
LABOR STATIS TIC S, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Providence—W a rw ic k —P aw tu cket, Rhode Island—
M assachusetts, M etro p o lita n A rea, M ay 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2
5

In tro d u ctio n
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

T a b le s:
4
7

8
10
11
12
13
17

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d
In d exes of e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s, and p e rc e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r se le c te d p e rio d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s

A.

6

O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A - l . O ffice o c c u p a tio n s : W eek ly e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W eek ly e a r n in g s
A -3 . O ffice , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s: A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s ,
A - 4 . M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp lan t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a r n in g s
A - 5 . C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a r n in g s

A p p en d ix .

by sex

O ccu p atio n al d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 204 02 —Price 35 cents

In t r o d u c t i o n
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m se t of jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e sig n e d to tak e ac co u n t of in te r e sta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o ccu p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stud y a re
li s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s a r e fo r a ll in d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in
th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r ( l) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n
i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s sib ility of d is c lo s u r e of in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n t d ata.
E arn in g s
d a t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in a l l
in d u str ie s c o m b in e d d ata , w h e re show n.
L ik e w is e , d a ta a r e in clu d ed
in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n ot sh ow n o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
a v aila b le .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 9 6 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s co n d u cts su r v e y s of o ccu p atio n al e a rn in g s
on an a re a w id e b a s i s a n n u a lly .1
F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s , and r e la te d b e n e fits in fo rm a tio n e v e r y th ird
year.
In e a c h o f t h e i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n in g s is c o lle c te d b y m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e s fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s th e r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n s :
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rtatio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s; w h o le sa le tr a d e ;
r e t a il tr a d e ; fin an ce , in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lish m e n ts
h a v in g fe w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a ra te tab u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d fo r e ac h of
the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c cu p atio n al em p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e
show n fo r
fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
clu d ed , but c o s t- o f- liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d ed .
W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e re p o rte d , a s fo r o ffice c le r ic a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f h o u r) 'fo r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of p ay fo r o v e rtim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m
rates).
A v e ra g e w eek ly e arn in g s fo r th ese o ccu p atio n s a r e rounded
to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s i s .
The sam ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n of a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y an d n u m b e r
of e m p lo y ees.
F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv e rs e a p ro b a b ility s a m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e of
selectio n .
T o o b tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o rtio n of la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c te d .
W hen d ata
a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g to i t s p r o b a ­
b ility of se le c tio n , so that u n b ia se d e s t im a te s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , if on e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g iv e n a
w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a lt e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n if d a t a a r e not a v a ila b le f o r th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e ig h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r th a t i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g un it.

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
of m an u factu rin g and n o n m an u factu rin g in d u str ie s,
an d a r e of the
fo llo w in g ty p e s:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e.
C o m p a r is o n s of in d iv id u al o cc u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s.
The a v e r­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y ­
m ent p attern s.
F o r e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y ed by
h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h -w ag e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e
groups.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New Y ork portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and U tica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of tire Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e rag e e arn in g s refle ct co m p o site , are aw id e e stim a te s.
In­
d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b s t a f f in g , an d
th u s c o n tr ib u t e d i f f e r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
Pay aver­
a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts .

O ccu p atio n s and E a r n in g s




2

3

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
t i o n s s h o u l d n ot b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d ivid u al esta b lish m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to
d iff e r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , since
o n l y th e r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , an d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u t i e s w i t h i n th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job d e s c r ip ­
t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly su rveyed.
B e c a u s e o ccu p atio n a l s tru ctu re s am ong e sta b lish m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
d o n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a ta .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is
bulletin .
In fo r m a t io n f o r th e se ta bu lation s, c o lle c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in t h e p a s t , i s n o w c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on
m in im u m entrance s a la r ie s fo r in ex p erien c ed w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s ;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (i n t h e B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t,
R .I.—M a s s .,' by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 3
Minimum
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

Industry d ivisio n

All d ivision s________ ___________________
Manufacturing______________________________
Nonmanufacturing________ ___ ______________
_
Transportation , com m unication, and
other public u tilities 5 _______
________
Wholesale trade 6_____________________ ___
R etail trad e—
______ _____________ _ ____ —
_
_
Finance, in su ran ce, and re a l e state 6 _____
S e r v ic e s 6 7 — . . ___________ _____ _______
.

Num ber of establish m en ts

W o rk ers in establish m en ts
Within scope of stu d y4

Within scope
o f study*

Studied

Studied
Num ber

P e rc e n t

_

781

148

158,760

100

69,503

50
-

505
276

74
74

111, 168
47,592

70
30

42,530
26,973

50
50
50
50
50

36
47
105
35
53

13
10
23
11
17

9,738
3,519
18,484
11,075
4, 776

6
2
12
7
3

7,052
832
9,358
7, 072
2,659

1 The Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket Standard M etropolitan S ta tistical A rea, a s defined by the Office of M anagement and Budget through
Novem ber 1971, c o n sists of the following a re a s in Rhode Island: C entral F a lls , Cranston, E a s t P rovidence, Pawtucket, Providence, and Woonsocket
c itie s, and seven towns in Providence County: N arragan sett and North Kingston towns in Washington County; Warwick city and three towns in Kent
County; all of B risto l County; and Jam estow n town in Newport County; and in M a ssach u se tts: Attleboro city and nine contiguous towns in B risto l,
Norfolk, and W orcester Counties. The "w orkers within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in this table provide a reason ably accu rate d escription
of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey. The e stim a te s are not intended, however, to serve a s a b a sis of com parison
with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easu re employment tren ds or lev e ls since (1) planning of wage su rvey s re q u ires the u se of
establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establish m en ts are excluded from the scope of
the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual was used in classify in g establish m en ts by industry division.
3 Includes all establish m en ts with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the are a) of com panies in such
in d u stries a s trad e , finance, auto rep a ir se rv ice , and motion picture th eaters a re considered a s 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes a ll w orkers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the are a) at or above the minimum lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A - s e r ie s tab le s. T axicab s and se r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sportation were excluded.
6 This industry division i s rep resen ted in e stim a te s for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A tab le s. Separate presentation
of data for this division i s not m ade for one or m ore of the following re a so n s: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit sep arate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed in itially to perm it sep arate presentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it sep arate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility of d isclo su re of individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laun dries and other person al se r v ic e s; b u sin e ss se r v ic e s; autom obile re p a ir, ren tal, and parking; motion p ictu res;
nonprofit m em bersh ip organ izations (excluding religiou s and charitable organ izations); and engineering and arch itectu ral se r v ic e s.

Industrial com position in m anufacturing
Seven-tenths of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket a re a were employed in m anufacturing fir m s. The following p resen ts the m ajor
industry groups and sp ecific in du stries a s a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in du stries

M iscellaneous m anufacturing
in d u str ie s____________________ 22
T extile m ill p ro d u cts__________ 12
Instrum ents and related
p roduct s ___________________ 10
M achinery, except e le ctric a l____ 9
E le ctrica l equipment and
supplies______________________ 8
P rim ary m etal in d u strie s_____ 8
F abricated m etal p ro d u cts_____ 7
Rubber and p la stic s products_
_ 6

Costum e jew elry and
notions_______________________10
Jew elry , silv erw are, and
plated w are__________________ 9
N onferrous rolling and
drawing______________________ 7
M echanical m easurin g and
control d ev ices_ ____
_
6
E le ctric lighting and
wiring equipm ent____________ 5

This inform ation is based on e stim a te s of total employment derived from universe
m a te r ia ls com piled p rior to actual survey. P roportions in vario u s industry divisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the r e su lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
i n d e x y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d t o th e
d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual rates of in crea se, w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n th e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s .
T hese com pu­
t a t i o n s a r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t
rate b etw een s u rvey s.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

T h e i n d e x i s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and i s e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in t h e b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d t h e v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d ex is c om pu ted by m u lt i­
p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 p e r c e n t ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e ( t h e p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p lu s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r an d th e n c o n ­
tin u ing to m u l t i p l y (c om p o u n d ) e ac h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e t o r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e arn in gs f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n tw o rk e r grou ps, they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te shifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d ata f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s an d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w i t h i n
each group.

M eth o d o f C om p u tin g
E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g ro u p is a s s ig n e d a con sta nt w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im it a t io n s o f D ata
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1 ) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e i n t h e s a m e j o b , an d (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
t o c h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e rs e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lish m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p ay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in
t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e cha n ges.
It is c o n c e i v a b l e th a t e v e n
t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h ave d e c lin e d b ecau se lo w e r - p a y in g e stab lish m en ts e n tered
th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a ges m a y have
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a v e r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)

Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
a v e ra g e p ay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e h ours.
T h e y a r e not in flu en c ed b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
fo r o ve rtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d ata a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g es in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a rn in g s f o r each occup ation a r e m u lt i­
p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and t h e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
in th e g r o u p a r e t o t a l e d .
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 con secu tive y e a rs a re
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g t h e a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m th e
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r an d d i v i d i n g t h e r e m a i n d e r b y t h e a g g r e ­
g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s th e p e r c e n t
o f change.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in P ro v id e n c e —W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—M a s s .,
M a y 1 9 7 2 an d M a y 1 9 7 3 , an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Manufacturing

A ll in du stries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

143.0
149.7

134.1
141.6

141.7

6.2
3.9
6.2
4.7
3.4
5.4
6.2
8.2
8.9
8.2
5.3
6.5

2.5
3.4
5.0
2.1
3.6
4.9
5.4
5.5
6.5

Industrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

Indexes (May 1967-100)
May 1972____________________________________
May 1973____________________________________

132.4
140.5

142.6
149.3

135.7
144.0

135.3
143.8

132.1
139.6

133.2

P ercen ts of in cre ase
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

I960
1961
1962
196 3
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1961-------------------------------1962_________ _______________
1963_______________________ 1964________________________
1965 ________________________
1966________________________
1967________________________
1968________ -______________
1969________________________
1970 __ ____ _______ ________
_
1971. _____________________
1972__________ ____________
1973________________________

3.1
4.9
3.1
4.6
3.1
3.8
6.4
5.6
5.3
6.2
6.7
5.1
6.1

6.1
3.2
6.8
4.1
4.5
4.8
6.6
8.6
7.9
8.2
5.7
6.4
4.7

3.4
3.5
4.6
2.5
3.6
4.8
5.6
5.1
6.7
6.2
7.8
5.8
6.1

2.9
3.2
2.9
2.6
3.0
1.2
5.1
5.7
5.4
8.1
7.6
4.3
6.3

4.2
4.7
3.2
3.7
2.9
3.3
5.4
5.7
5.7
6.7
6.8
3.8
5.7

4.7

5.9
6.7
5.7
5 .6

2.5
2.8
1.8
2.7
4.4
1.0
6.5
3.9
5.9
10.2
6.3
3.4

6.4




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju s te d
fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in P r o v id e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—M a s s ., M a y 1 9 7 2 to M a y 1 9 7 3
All
in d u stries

Manufac turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

5.6
5.0
6.6
5.5

Occupational group

5.4
4.8
6.1
5.4

6.0
(»)
( ')
5.8

Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

NOTE: Table 3 provides p ercen ts of change in average hourly earn in gs for selected
occupational grou p s, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
for computing wage tren d s i s based on changes in a v era g e hourly earn in gs for establish m en ts
reporting the index jo b s in both the curren t and p reviou s y e ar (m atched estab lish m en ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jo b s constant.
The new wage tren d s are not linked to the curren t indexes b ecau se the new wage tren ds
m ea su re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes m ea su re
changes in a re a a v e ra g e s. Other c h a ra c te ris tic s of the new wage tren d s which differ from
the curren t ones include (1) earn ings data of office c le r ic a l w ork ers and in du strial n u rse s
a re converted to an hourly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided for nonm anufacturing
estab lish m en ts.
F o r a m o re detailed d escrip tion of the new method used to compute a re a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey Indexes, " Monthly L ab or Review , Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

8

A. Occupational earnings
T a b le A -1 . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division. Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket* R.I.—
Mass., May 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

*

Average
weekly
Mean *

(standard'

Median ^

Middle ranged

f

$
65

70

75

80

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
t
t
t
*
*
t
t
f
t
t
S
$
S
$
90
95
ICO
105
110 120
14C
150
160
170
18C
19C
2C0
21C
13C

85

and
under

%

22C

and
100

1C5

110

120

130

140

16
16

26
26

7
7

18

11
11

12
12

12
12

26

32

7C

75

8C

85

SC

95

-

-

4
“

*

8
6

15
13

2
2

“

“

9

-

-

-

24

150

170

180

19 C

2CC

1

160

210

22C

ov er

_

_

_

1

M A O W M COM
EN N
O EN
BINED
$

$

$

E I L L E P S , MACHINE ( BI LLI NG
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------MANLFAC1LP I N G ------------------------------

li e
92

39.5
39.5

lll.CC
1 0 9 . 5C

$
108.00
1C7.CC

BI L L ERS , MACHINE ( ECCKNEEPING
M
ACH INE ) -----------------------------------------NCNMANLFACTLPING -------------------------

54
54

39.0
39.0

102.00
1C2.CC

104.00
IC4.CC

83.0C-116.CC
83.CC-116.CC

“

2
2

5
5

n
li

BCCKKEEFING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------

1C 6

39.0

113.50

114.00

106.0C-123.0C

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

101.CC-126.5C
1 0 1 . 5 0 - 1 2 4 . 5C

BECKKEEPING-MACHINE CPEPATORS,
11 3
67
A6

39.0
40.0
3e.5

97.50
ICC.CO
9 4 . 5C

97.00
99.00
92.00

91.0C-106.5C
94.5C-1C9.CC
86.CC-103.0C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNHANUFACTUPING -------------------------

338
198
14 0

39.0
39.5
38.0

1 4 0 . OC
1 3 4 . CC
1 4 8 . 5C

139.00
132.50
1 4 6 . 5C

122.00-150.00
119.CC-147.5C
131.CC-168.5C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANLFAC1LPING ------------------------PLELI C LT I L I T I E S ---------------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------------------

738
387
351
143
83

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5
39.5

11C.5C
1C8.CC
1 1 2 . 5C
1 2 9 . CC
1 0 2 . 5C

1C8.00
1C7.CC
1C9.5C
1 3 5.OC
1C2.50

95.5C-127.0C
97.3C-124.CC
93.5C-135.CC
U C . 00-139.50
86.5C-122.CC

M
ANt F ACT UP I N G -----------------------------NCNMANLFACTLiR I N G -------------------------

CLERKS, F I L E ,

-

9
-

9
-

9

CLASS A ----------------------

41

39.0

1 3 6 . 5C

1 3 9 . CC

113.50-156.CC

-

-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------NCNMANLFACILPING -------------------------

256
168

37.5
36.5

9 3 . 5C
89.50

93.50
e7.5C

84.CC-1C2.5C
8 2 . 0 0 - 9 4 . SC

-

9

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

175
47

38.5
40.0

82.50
8 9 . CC

8 3 . CC
89 .CC

7 4 . 5C83.CC-

9

CLERKS, CRCER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANLFACTLPING -------------------------

25C
192
58

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 1 2 . CC
1 1 7 . CC
9 6 . CC

1C5.5C
1 1 0.CO
94.50

93.0C-134.CC
9 7 . C O - 1 4 1 . 00
84.50-lC6.ee

CLERKS, PAYRCLl -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NENMANUFACTLR I N G -------------------------

346
273
73

39.0
39.5
37.5

1 1 3 . CC
1 1 3 . CC
1 1 2 . SC

11C.CC
11C.5C
110.50

101.5C-128.CC
101.5C-12e.CC
101.CC-129.CC

KIYPLNCF OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACIURING -------------------------

272
191
81

39.0
39.5
37.C

l l l . C C

1CS.5C
1 1 4 . CC

1C9.5C
11C.CC
1C7.5C

KEYPUNCH OPERA1CRS, CLASS e ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACIURING -------------------------

324
193
131

38.5
4C.0
37.0

1C3.CC
1C3.CC
1C3.CC

MtSSENOERS (OFFI CE eCYS ANC G I R L S ) MANLFACTLRINC -----------------------------NENMANUFACTLRING -------------------------

14 2

38.0
39.0
38.0

9 8 . CC
9 9 . CC
9 8 . CC

S footnotes at end of tables.
ee




43
99

89.CC
9 4 . 5C

9
39

22

15
3

-

10
l
9

-

-

4

-

-

54
27
17
15

48
26

-

9

5
5

A
1

60
19
41
2
6

12

15
7

2
2

22
2
3

24
18

6
3
3
65
33
32
4
5

13

11
2

18

5
4

22
14

2

li
ll

_

1

3

1
1

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

8

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

15

10

A

8

6

2

7

7

6

A

-

A

14
5
9

E

10

84
46
38

9

10

51
25
26

15

7
3

45
35

24

11

44
34
75
46
29

98
27
71
52

27
7

9

A

-

2

-

-

-

_

20

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

13

124
87
37
13
14

1

12

2

30

20
8

2
2

5
5

-

1
1

32

A
74
6A

10
2
6

8A
41
43
23

1

11

20

2

-

-

2
2

9

A

16

8

4

6

8

A

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

“

-

-

-

-

17
16

29
29

4

8
8

5
5

1
1

10

1

-

-

-

48

34
32

33
29

45
9

18
9

43
5

31
13

26

6

10

4

-

33
23
10

12
8

19

3C
24

23
16
7

18
17

1

21
11

14

42
39
3

57
42
15

27
24
3

39
39

16

49
17

-

14

17
3

53
40
13

82

26

7

66

22

6

2

2

5

16

A

5

13

-

-

12
12

51

15
9
6
6

-

8

-

-

-

-

“

-

12
6
6

1

19
19

14

13

11

8

*

1

2

-

3

5

1 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 4 . 5C
103.5C-114.5C
102.CC-117.5C

-

-

-

_

4

4

-

-

-

-

1

1

34
28

-

-

-

3

3

6

49
26
23

1CC.CC
1C1.CC
97.50

91.50-113.00
9 3 . 5 0 - 1 1 5 . OC
89.00-112.CC

-

-

7
-

20
6
14

34
19
15

58
34
24

45
32
13

41
34
7

30
14
16

4C
26
14

22
6

11
1C
1

94.CC
9 4 . 5C
92.CC

84.CC-1C9.0C
91.5C-1C7.CC
82.5C-111.5C

-

4

8

25

1C

2
8

1

e

9
5
4

3

-

13
4
9

17

4

24
17
7

1C

-

12
2

10

-

29
A

12

1

3

“

2

11

7

-

“

_

_
-

-

1
1

“

4

8
11

6

4

6

66

1C
9

1

16

A

1
2

1
2
11

20

2

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2

1

2

-

_

-

-

2

-

2

1

2

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

“

“

5

”

“

9
T a b le A -1 . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s — C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass,, May 1973)
M
Weekly amings 1
(stan ard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of$

Average
weekly

$
65

Median 2

(standard

AND

$

'• U
7"

11V

CLASS

38. C

217
119

SECRETARIES?

s

85

*

*

90

95

$

t

100

105

t

t
lie

12C

t

130

$

t

140

150

$
160

$
170

$
18C

S

19C

$

2CC

$

2 1C

22C

75

80

85

90

8

16

95

100

105

no

8

^7
35

40

120

130

140

150

212
148

160

18C

19C

zee

71

119

17C

27
12
15

39
21
18
11

24
16

21C

220

over

$

1 2 0 "C
162.50
11-.00

130.50
124.00

-----------------

38.0

1 79 ( r
154.00
139.50

l 7 7 5C
150.50
139.50

131.50137.50119.50-

T7 ^
3T . 5

1 "C
129.CC
137.CC

1 2 8 50
127.50
132.00
i io nn
}*:•;:

105.00-130.50

115

CC

107.00
1C8.5C
1C6.00

100.50114.50 102.501 1 7 . 5C
98.00-114.00

38.5

iao

142.00

5C

162.50

37*5

133 ice

127 50
151.00

74
65

38.0
38.0

93.CC

I C C . 00
98.50

230
148

39.0
39.5

106.CC
1 0 9 . 5C

1C6.0C
106.50

19

1-4
Q

5

-

-

76
58
18

105
82
23

64
47
17

29

59
30

118
47

86
46

101

13

13

25
18

1

2

6

24

18

39

75

70

78

37

14

32

33

41

44

16

65
42

-

39.0

133.00

2

4C.0
-C. J

111.50 110.00
12C.CC 12C.CC
1 0 3 . j C 1C4.->0

38.5
39.5
37.5

117.CC
116.CC
110.CC

lll.CC
112.00
111.00

97 K C
97.CC
97.50

9^ CC
97.50
91.50

4

c

1
1

1
1

15

13

8

16
2
14

13
2
11

25

28

20

29
16

99.5C-13C.0C
1C9.CC-132.CC

109

5

CCl
171
435

S footnotes at end of tables.
ee




TQ

-

40.C
38.0

7

-

a

27

1C2
21
81

114
20
94

56
20
36

4

26
24

-

6

*

to

14

12

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

22
13

44

47

27

42

34

27

37

23

39

11

i

12
10

-

-

-

1

1

.

i

18
18

69
31
25

-

1
53
35
18

19

13
8

14
11

18
16

j

14

13
11

1 0 3 . 5 0 - 133.CC
101.CC-131.5C
105.50140.00

19
14

i

.

3

8

16

i

3

8

8

10

88.50-104.00
84.5C-1C9.5C

25
8
17

20
18
2

CPERATGRS,

55

J

1

w

1 1 6 . 5 0 - 1 4 9 . 5C

49
52

12

*

38.5

28

E

34

15

CPERATGRS,

TRANSCRI6ING-PACHINE

50
32
18

16

.

77.00-104.50
114.50 117.50
112.00

1

21
16

19

25

27

11

61
43
18

12

_„

94.0097.0084.00-

'

2

46
33
13

9 9 . 0 0 - 1 6 2 . 5C
_„

1
1

35
18
17

12 . 5
37

2

14C.00-172.CC

33
TABLLATING-PACHINE

10
_

137.00-161.50

154

52
36

14

12

115*50

108.00
1C9.CC
1 0 6 . -C

A

CPERATCR-PECEPTICNISTS-

2
2

n

37*"

26

CLASS

85
24

163.00
164.50
154.50

38.5
39.5

nn

105

2

118.00141.00
118.00137.50
115.0C-161.CC

TO

37*0
CPERATCPS?

no

142.0C-204.0C
146.00-216.00
141.CC-182.0C

375
167
•.CO

r r m,- -. w

17

2

2

zr

r,llPnf

GENERAL

11

11
122•CG
163.00
177.50
154.CC

36.5

STENOGRAPHERS,

2

110.50-143.00

167.50
1 7 5 . 5C
158.50

38.5

G

2®2

CLAjj

80

and

114.CC-146.ee
3^*5
37.5
37.5
30«5

74
40
34

SV. I T C H B C A R C

75

(

WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED
1,324

SW l TC l E C A R C

7C

i

and
under

Middle ranged

70

MEN

$

10
T a b le A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division. Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I,—
Mass., May 1973)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

MEN

COMPUTER

AND

WOMEN

CPEPATCRS,

N um ber
of
work ere

Number of workers
*
$
s
$
*
$
s
$
100 1C5 l i e 120 130 1A
O 150 160
and
under ”
105 11C 12C 130 1AC 15C 160 170
S

A ve rage
w eekly
hours *
(standard)

receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
s
$
$
t
t
$
s
t
s
(
$
170 180 190 200 210 220 230 2AC 250 2 6 C 2 7 C 2 8 C 2 9 C

180

190

200

CLASS

15C.CC-183.5C

A ----

1C8
62
At

39.0 1 3 7 .CC 137.CC 126.CC-1A6.00
C
C
39.5 1 3 8 .O 1 3 8 .5C 132.50- 1A6 • O
38.5 1 3 6 .CC 1 2 9 .5C 121.5C-1A8.CC

C ----

112.0C-119.5C

COMPUTER PRCGPAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ----------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------COMPUTER PPCCPAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

39.0 2C5.50 2 C 8 . 5 C 187.CC-227.CC
39.5 21C.5C 21A.0C 20C.0C-23A.CC

COMPUTER PPUCRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -----------------

-

"

-

1

2

5

1

10

3

3

-

-

5

2
i
2

2
2
“

9
2

23

25
20

8

4
4

3
2
1

“

CLASS

ANALYSTS,
A -----------------

1

17

4

*

“

*

“

A
A

12
11

1
1

6
6

7

"

-

-

2
2

2
-

3
2

2
1

13
5

9
5

_

_
-

_

-

-

_

4
A

4

A

8

-

39.5 2 2 7 .CC 221 . 5C 202.CC-256.CC
C
39.5 2 2 5 .C 219.CC 201.5C-253.CC

CLASS

197.CC-221.5C

A -----------------

C R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N C N N A N U F A C T U R I N C --------------Lf AFISMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

C ------------------------------------

NURSES, INLUSTPIAL (REG1STEREC)
M A N U F A C I U R I N G --------------------

15A
127
27

39.5
39.5 ie5.SC
AC.C 1 7 3 .5C

1 8 2 . 5C
1 8 3 . 5C
1 7 8 . 5C

A .0
C
AO.C

139.CC
1AC.CC

1AC.OO

39.5 1 5 6 . C C
39.5 155.CC

1 5 7 . OC
1 5 7 . 5C

16 9 .5 0 19e.CC
171.502C2.CC
165.CC-1 R5.CC

128.5C-1A9.5C
1AC.5C 129.5C-153.5C
1A2.CC-I71.ee
1A2.50-169.50

* Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $290 to $300; 6 at $300 to $320; 1 at $320 to $340; 1 at $340 to $360; and 3 at $360 to $380.
See footnotes at end of tables.




25C

26C

27C

2 8C

29C over

1

-

277.50 2A9.00-295.ee

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N L F A C I U R I M G -------------------LRAFTSMEN,

2AC

1

5

5

37.5 15C.CC 15C.5C 1A1.5C-16C.5C

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BLSINESS, CLASS

23C

1

15

2
1
1

-

7

5
3
2

-

8

31
23

3 9 .C 2CA.CC 2C5.5C 17A.CC-233.C0
38.5 192.CC 1 8 2 .5C 172.C0-2C7.50

CPEPATCRS,

220

COMBINED

C C M P I T E P C P E P A T C R S , C L A S S B ---P A N E F A C T O R I M G -------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------COMPUTER

21C

16
15
1

i

-

-

3
1

6
4

-

6

_

4

“

c
5

5
5

-

-

-

-

2
”

_

_

”

~

1
“

1
1

1
1

_

_
-

1
1
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division* Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass., May 1973)
A v e rage

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN
$
176.CC
184.50!

34

39.0
38.5

---------

42

40.0

1 2 4 . 5C

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B C Y S ) -------------N O N N A N U F A C T O R I N G ---------------------

94
fc7

38.0
38.0

100.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
NCNMANUFACTURING

C L A S S A -----------------------------

CLERKS,

CLASS

ACCOUNTING,

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

8

58

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber

of

W eekly
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

W eekly
e arn in g s1
(standard )

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED
323
192
131

38.5
40.0
37.0

$
103.00
103.CC
1 0 3 . OC

99.50

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E G I R L S ) --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

48
32

39.0
38.5

94.50
95.CC

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------

1,321
795
526
53
48

38.5
39.5
37.5
37.5
38.5

1 3 2 . OC
134.50
128.50
1 6 2 . 5C
113.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

74
4C
34

38.5
39.5
38.0

1 6 7 . 5C
175.50
158.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

334
215
119

39.0
39.5
38.0

149.CC
154.00
139.50

WOMEN

E I L L E P S , M A C K INE ( B I L L I N G
M A C K I N E ) -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

116
92

39.5
39.5

1 0 9 . 5C
1 0 9 . SCI

BILLERS, MACKINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C K I N E ) -----------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T O R I N G ---------------------

53
53

39.0
39.0

1 0 0 . OC
100. C C

BCCKKEEPING— MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------

1C4

39.0

1 1 3 . 5C

Sex, occupation, and industry division

11 C

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

377
258
119

38.5
39.0
37.5

1 3 1 . 5C
1 2 9 . CO
137.00

132.50
130.CC
137.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

536
28 2
254

38.5
39.5
37.5

117.CC
1 1 9 . OC
115.CC

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

1 0 9 . 5C
1C7.5C
111.50
101.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

374
166
206

38.5
39.5
37.5

1 0 7 . 5C
109.00
106.50

39.0

133.CC

64
46

39.0
40.0
38.5

97.50
9 9 . 5C
9 4 . 5C

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

280
174
1C6

39.0
39.5
38.0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- -—
N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

696
366
33C
75
35

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS

A -----------------B --------------------------------------

256
166

37.5
36.5

93.50
8 9 . 5C

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

175
47

38.5
40.C

8 2 . 5C
89.0C

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

C L E R K S , O R D E R -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

228
170
58

39.5
39.5
39.5

108.CC
112 . C C
96. GC

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ------ ----------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

328
255
73

39.0
39.5
37.5

112 . 5C

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------- N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

269
191
78

39.0
39.5
37.0

See footnotes at end of tables,




112.50
112.50

11 C . C C
109.50
111.CO

W eekly
Weekly
earnings1
standard) (standard)

-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

109
54
55

$
38.5 117.CC
39.5 116.CC
37.5 118.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

598
171
427

38.5
40.0
38.0

97.CC
97.CC
97.CC

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

29

39.0 17C.CC

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

85
43
42

39.0 138.CC
39.5 13 7.5 C
38.5 1 3 8 .5C

COMPUTER

COMPUTER

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

N um ber
of
workers

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A ---

C ----------

25

38.5 11 3 .SC

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

3e
29

39. C 202.CC
38.5 19 1 .fC

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

49
32

39. C 2C7.5C
39.5 2 0 9 .5C

1C
27

37.5 15C.CC
37.0 14 9 .;c

OPERATORS, CLASS

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C ----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

39
27

38.5
40.0
37.0

142.CC
133.50
154.50

S W I T C H B C A R C O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G ---------------------

50
27

38.0
37.5

12e.5C
132.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

74
65

38.0
36.0

93 .ee

SWITCHBCARC CPERATCR-PECEPTICNISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

230
146

39.0

39.5

82
33

38.5
38.5

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L — ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1C 1
49
52

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS

ANALYSTS,
A ----------------------

51

39.0 279.CC

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

ANALYSTS,
8 ----------------------------------------------

57
36

39.5 227.CC
39.5 225.CC

CRAFTSMEN,

66

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

A ----------------------

CLASS

106.CC
1 0 9 . 5C
9 9 . 5C
9 6 . 5C

C R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------CRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING
PROFESSIONAL

39.0 1 11 . 5 0
40.0
38.5

63

4C.C 2C6.CC

146
12 0
26

39.5 183.50
39.5 166.00
4C.0 174.CC

74
63

4C.C 14C.CC
4 0 .C 141.CC

88

39.5 156.00
39.5 155.CC

96.CC

120. C C

1 0 3 . 5C

C -----------------------------------------------AND

OCCUPATIONS

-

TECHNICAL
WOMEN

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

77

12
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass., May 1973)
Hourly earnings3

of

S e x , o ccu p atio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

workers

Mean

2

Median 2

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of-

Middle range 2

Under
$
2.60

$
2.60

!
.60

$
4.

60 5 .00 5 . 2 0 5 . 4 C

.00 4 . 2 C

4 , 4 0 4, 6C

4.80

5.

00 3 s 20_ 5 . 4 0

20

13

S
3.60

$
3 .80

?.?<? 3 . 4 0

3.60

3.80

4

S
2.90

S
3 . CO

$
3.

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.1C

3, ? o

-

“

6
6

-

1
1

11
8

“

“

-

*

3

-

_
-

13
13

_
-

21
21

_

-

-

3

3

1

$
t
4 .20 4. 4 0

S
3.40

$
2.80

10

$
4.00

*
3.30

$
3.20

$
2.70

$

t

$
5.6C

$
5.80

S

6.CC

and
under
2.70

JL ? 6C

5. PC 6.CG over

KEN
$
4.20
4.08
4.47

$
4.10
4.04
4.38

$
3.933.904.08-

$
4.49
4.43
4.93

-

-

“

*

1

427
323
1C4
79

4.70
4.50
5.29
5.61

4.45
4.27
5.72
5.74

4.134.115.025.70-

5.71
4.70
5.76
5.77

-

-

-

-

-

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

135
60

4.63
4.80

4.38
5.14

4.314.24-

5.16
5.32

-

-

F I R E M E N , S T A T I C N A R Y E C I L E R ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

156
132

3.46
3.39

3.26
3.25

3.C43.03-

3.73
3.66

4

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A C E S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N K A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------—

128
97
31
31

3.55
3.24
4.50
4.50

3.09
3.04
4.54
4.54

2.872.844.394•39—

4.53
3.34
4.58
4.58

C A R P E N T E R S , K A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N K A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

164
114

E L E C T R I C I A N S , K A I N T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N K A N U F A C T U R I N G -------— ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S — - --------------

PUBLIC U TILITIES ---------------------

5G

1

-

1

-

1
1
16
16
-

-

2
-

27
27

1
1

12
12

-

22
22

4

24
24
-

3
3
-

“

-

-

“

2
2
2

-

53
51

12
12

2
2

4

472
438

4.65
4.68

4.48
4.52

4.134.14-

4.9e
5.03

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) — --- -------- --- --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C 1 U R I N G — -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------- ------

284
69
215
195

5.G4
4.02
5.37
5.36

5.03
3.95
5.32
5.16

4.473.674.954.93-

5.92
4.08
5.94
5.95

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ------ ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

546
26C

4.11
3.79

4.23
3.88

3.913.44-

4.28
4.07

-

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ ------

90
90

3.83
3.83

3.84
3.84

3.543.54-

4.11
4.11

-

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

48
31

3.72
3.78

3.64
3.69

3.243.27-

4.08
4.19

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ----------------

94
94

4.C9
4.09

4.C5
4.05

3.643.64-

4.43
4.43

-

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




648
648

4.90
4.90

4.97
4.97

4 .5 3 - 5.41
4.53-

5.41

5

2
3

88
72
16

5
5

2
2

4
4

10

1
1

16
16

-

-

18

2
2

4
4
“

1
1

-

13

20

20
-

58

12

-

42
42

90
58

22

22
22

10
10

2
2

-

-

41
41

-

17
17

5
5

16
16

3
3

48
48

18
18

49
49

45
45

247

-

-

-

-

-

“

24
24

5
5

30
30

20

*

5
5

-

”
-

_

4

-

5

-

9

4

4

1

6

-

1
1

4

7

-

-

-

-

5

1

-

“

”

“

5

1

“

1
1

11
11

13
13

10
10

-

6

*

5

5

12 at $6 to $6.20; 20 at $6.20 to $6.40; 1 at $6.80 to $7; 14 at $7.20 to $7.40; and 5 at $7.40 to $7.60.

7

-

20
1
1
17
17

53

53

5

8
36
35

1
1

8
6
2

-

2

5

1
1

4

3

*

-

-

4

16

18

4
4

18

22

12

-

12

4
i

2

4

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2C
2C

-

7

“

5

6
6

13
13
-

-

-

-

46

6

-

-

7
7
76
76

*52
52
-

-

2
2

12

-

-

1
1

17

•

-

20

29

-

-

-

2

77

61
61
61

-

-

29

-

•

-

33
33

“

5

5

77

-

-

-

1

1
1

5
5

16
16

3

-

13
13

24

13
13

2
15
15

7

-

37
-

5
5

46
46

37
34

46

i

-

18

4
4

2
2

..

6

•

6
6

2
2

1
1

19
19

1
1

-

55
54

4
4

10
10

2
2

2

20

27
27

20

18

4
-

4
4

2
2

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

T C C L A N C C I E M A K E R S --------------------M A N L F A C T O R I N G -------------------------

48
31
17

2

-

6

“

6

1

5
5

30
30

4

-

“

2

12
1

15
15

-

6
1

6
4

2
1

24

11

6

4

47
47

16

*

64
64
64

2
16
16

19

-

-

_

-

-

11

5

8

6

3

2

44

4

20
2C
46

46

5
5
92
92

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

-

2
2

_

1

-

1

71

K

71

90

34
34

~

_

1
-

*

-

-

-

"

'

3
155
155

14
14

5

3

7

7

13
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division* Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass., May 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings^

Sex,

$
S
t
S
t
*
$
»
$
$
$
$
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80

occupation, and industry division

$
i
t
t
t
t
I
t
t
$
4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.0C 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.8C

and
under
l .70 i . ec 2.00 ?,?C 2.40 ?• 60 2,00 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4 .00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.2C 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.0C
I

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------GUARCS
MANUFACTURING

-------------------------

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

-------------------------

997
189
8C 8

$
2.13
2.80
1.58

$
1.95
2.73
1.89

$
1.842.441.83-

$
2.27
3.16
2.05

2
2

68

2.92

3.09

2.51-

3.25

104
104

456

144
2
142

93
41
52

44
25
19

52
47
5

15
7
8

27
26
1

19
19

456

-

-

-

2

a

12

7

2

16

17

-

-

-

-

33

13

40

5

10

2

11

3

4

-

9
9
5

17
7
10
7

140
52
88

146
67
79
8

213
183
30
4
5

149
72
77
15

137
65
72
5
14

61
46
15
3
1

53
38
15
4
10

35
25
10
3

32
1
31
28
1

7
7
7

-

44
26
18
16
1

-

47
35
12
12

47
39

178
143
35

120
106
14

245
233
12
2

117
103
14

80
69
11
11

38
25
13
13

-

5

67
51
16
1

62

8
8

162
121
61
47

8

12
4
8

1C
2
8

10
2
8

40
40
*

67
48
19

41
34
7

24
21

16

76

11

43

3

16

76

11

11
11

53

18
18

47

33

109
109

144
138

4
4

24
24

13
13

53
53

6
6

38
33
5
1

4

4
4

27
22
5
5

27
17
10

-

19
15
4
4

28
16
12
12

7
4
3
3

11
11

8
8

39
35

27
27

23
23

10

38
38

30
30

28
28

-

-

20
20

*

*

“

74
67
7

88
39
49

19
18
1
1
”

121

2.74

2.69

2.38-

3.01

J A M T C R S , P C R T E R S , A N C C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

1.054
584
470
75
76

2.70
2.69
2.71
3.70
2.56

2.60
2.59
2.64
3.91
2.71

2.342.442.233.592.07-

2.97
2.98
2.96
3.98
2.96

-

L A B C R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N C L I N G --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

1,216
930
288
118

2.90
2.84
3.11
2.73

2.56
2.96
2.98
2.34

2.432.462.332.23-

3.25
3.10
3.91
3.58

-

CRCER
F I L L E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

362
151

211

3.20
3.03
3.32

3.C9
3.C6
3.43

2.922.762.94-

3.78
3.35
3.95

P A C K E R S . S H I P P I N G -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

476
436

3.00
3.04

3.00
3.C5

2.772.90-

3.18
3.19

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

192
12C
72
58

3.37
3.19
3.68
3.81

3.29
3.18
3.77
4.01

2.862.763.243.65-

3.77
3.49
4.22
4.24

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

162
14 4

3.45
3.41

3.43
3.39

3.183.C6-

3.73
3.66

S H I P P I N G A N C R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

226
18C
46
31

3.20
3.17
3.29
2.75

3.06
3.07
2.70
2.65

2.922.962.622.59-

3.52
3.48
4.28
2.69

TRUCKCPIVERS
----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------

2,047
510
1,537
1,124
45

5.11
3.68
5.58
5.90
3.65

5.91
3.42
5.93
5.95
4.09

4.C83.095.665.922.65-

5.95
4.34
5.97
5.97
4.20

T R U C K C R I V E R S , LIGHT (LNCER
1 - 1 / 2 T C N S ) ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

128

2.87
2.91

2.85
2.93

2.632.73-

3.21
3.24

T R U C K C R I V E R S , M E C I U M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TC
A N C I N C L U C I N G A T C N S ) -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

343
131

4.35
3.92
4.61

4.C3
3.41
4.08

3.473.223.78-

5.48
5.41
5.93

See footnotes at end of tables




112

212

•

4

-

-

4

8

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

*

33

5

43

-

-

11
11
”

3
3
”

18
8
10

-

-

4

-

—

”
-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

*

5
5

17
16

2

27
10
17
17

46

2
2

17
10
7
7

11
11
-

28
19
9

36
24
12

37
37

“

-

-

_
-

-

9

5

**

11
11

21
12

26
19

18
18

20
20

13
13

*

-

6
1
5

5
5

20
20

38
38

28

50

21

“

“

1
49

2

62
14

7
7

6
2
4

-

.“

-

28

-

-

5

-

5
5

-

7

-

23

1
1

1
1

-

-

7

7

“

*

-

5

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

7
7

27
5
22
22

8
1

1
1

11
11

_

15

1

-

-

2

_

-

15
2

1
1

-

-

2
*

-

-

-

-

~

-

101
13
88
20

25
11
14
3
11

19
14
5
5

1C
10

5
5

70

3

*

70

3

-

19
19

-

_
-

-

2

_

*

-

44

2
2

-

-

*
69
69
-

81
81
*

7

4

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

3
3

-

56
55
1
1

-

_

~

-

134
4
13C

57
37
2C

-

37
37

-

88 1114
1
87 1114
- 1114

_

-

78
78

14
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s — C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass., May 1973)
M
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
i
i
T
t
$
t
$
t
$
*
t

Hourly e arn in gs3

$

$

f

S

$

i

i

i

$

S

i

*

1 .6C 1.7C 1.80 2.00 2.20 l . A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 . A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A .60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5 . AO 5»6C 5.80

Sex, occupation, and Industry division
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

and
under
1.7C 1.80 2.00 2.20 2 . A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3. A0 3.60 3 .e o A .00 A . 20 A.A0 R.60 A. 80 5.00 5.20 5 . A0 5.60 5.80 6.00

HEN - CONTINUED
TRUCKORIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY ICVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------HANUFACTURING----------------------------NCNHANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY ICVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ----------HANUFACTURING ----------------------------N'GNP AMJFACTOR IN G ----------- ------------

1,330
72
1,258
1.C11

$

5.69
3.88
5.79
5.91

$

5.93
3.7R
5.9R
5.95

$

5 .9 0 3.R 25 .9 1 5 .9 3 -

$

5.97
R.39
5.97
5.98

221

R. 29

17C
51

3.99
5.30

R.15
3.8R
5.69

3.R 7- R.9R
3 .3 5 - R.85
R.RR— 5.95

TRUCKERS. PCNER (FCRKLIFT) -------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------

R85
R12

3.R1
3.39

3.28
3.28

3 .1 5 - 3.61
3 .1 6 - 3.R8

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANC CLEANERS •
HANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNHANUFACTORING ------------------------

1R5

2.38
2.56
2.33

2.35
2.R9
2.3R

PACKERS. SHIPPING ----------------------HANUFACTURING---------------- — -----

309
278

2.11

2.00

2.07

1.99

See footnotes at end of tables.




27

118

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

2 .1 7 - 2.R8
2 .3 9 - 2.87
2 .0 9 - 2.39

5

-

-

*

5

1.9R- 2.25
1 .9 3 - 2.21

22
22

11
11

-

-

-

-

A
A

—

8
8

A
A

13
13

-

-

-

7

2
2

A
4

21
21

15
15

7
5

25
23

1A
11

9A
78

128
118

-

3
3

7

-

_

7

26

66

1
6

2R

62

10
6

*

11

“

123
123

63
50

37
33

25
23

5
5

13

A
A

2

A

18

16

-

7

1

-

1
1
—

12
12

21
21

9

93
91

A0
39

15
1A

*

*

8
1

3

20

8

11

-

-

2
2

19
IV

2
2

23
13

10

36

9

5

-

5

s

”

33
33

n
n
-

•',5

-

A
A
1

*

-

-

13C

20

78 1011

13C

20

78 1011

-

-

-

-

1011

A
A

-

““

10
1

9

25

-

-

-

-

*

*

•

“

25

A
A

1
1

17
17

5
5

15

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o urs.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to ta lin g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
The m edian
d e s i g n a te s p o s itio n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown,
The m iddle
range is d e fin e d b y 2 ra te s o f pay ; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fou rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r rate .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te shifts.







'
'
■ •

A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The p rim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in tera re a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those p rep ared for other p u rp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u re au 's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners; tra in e e s; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
C LER K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping ch arges or perform other
c le rical work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r, m achine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are bills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. Usually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping ch arges and entry of n e c e ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a la rge number of carbon copies of the bill being
p repared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
'bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
B ille r, machine (
a typew riter keyboard]I to p rep are cu sto m ers' b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of fig u res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of ve rtical columns and com putes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit b alan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and cred it slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. K eeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. D eterm ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. K eeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or section s of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of b asic bookkeeping. P hases or sections include accounts payable,
p ay ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escrib ed under b iller,
m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of tr ia l balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to re g is te rs and le d g e rs;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric a l accu racy variou s types of re p o rts, li s t s , calculations, posting, e tc.;
o r preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le r ic a l methods and office p ractice s and procedures
which re late s to the c le ric a l p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting inform ation.
With experien ce, the worker typically becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and p roced ures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Under general supervision, p erform s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, c le ric a lly p rocessin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ss is te d by one or m ore
c la s s B accounting c le rk s.
C la ss B . Under clo se supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro­
ced u res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting c le ric a l operations, such a s posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
c le arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.
C LER K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m ate rial in an established filing sy stem . May perform
c le ric a l and m anual task s required to m aintain file s. P ositions a re c la ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m ate rial such a s correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s . May a lso file this m ate rial. May keep record s of varim is types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le rk s. *
C la ss B . S o rts, cod es, and file s u n classified m ate rial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-r e fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates cle arly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to m aintain and service file s.
C la ss C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m ate rial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e a sily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l c la ssifica tio n system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requested, locates readily available m ate rial in file s and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple cle ric al and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice file s.
C L E R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' ord e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or person ally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p ric e s to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing ord er sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled . May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from cu stom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C L E R K , PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e ssa ry data on the payroll
sh e ets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such a s w ork er's name, working
day s, tim e, rate , deductions for in su ran ce, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a s s is t p ay m aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.-;

NOTE; The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter o p e rato rs.

17

18
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to rec o rd or v erify alphabetic an d /or num eric data on
tabulating card s or on tape.

NO TE: The term "corp orate officer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe r s to
those officials who have a ■ significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctiv ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice p residen ts whose p rim ary resp on sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; directly su p ervise a c le r ic a l staff) a re not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e r s" for purposes of applying the following level definition s.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into lev e ls on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion may a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p erato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
proced ures or in struction s, works from v ario u s stan dardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified p roced ures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or in terpretin g of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s arisin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
M ESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s variou s routine duties such as running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as se a le r s or m a ile r s, opening and d istributing m ail, and other m inor c le r ic a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as p erso n al se c r e ta r y , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
respon sive relation sh ip to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , p erso n al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in q u ires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r 's files;

c.

Maintains the su p e rv iso r 's calendar and m akes appointments a s instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r 's signature to a ss u r e p roced ural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and p roced ures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
E xclusions
Not a ll positions that are titled "s e c r e ta r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. E xam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" se cre tary concept d escribed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in se c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g as office a ss is ta n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an ag erial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substan tially m ore com plex and resp on sible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore resp on sible tech­
n ical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
s e c r e ta r ia l work.




C la s s A
1. S ecre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or presiden t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or *
1
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the corp orate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su b sid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss B
1. S ecre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or presiden t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, re se arch , operations, in dustrial r e la ­
tions, etc.) o r a m ajor geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em p loy ees; or
4. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or
5. S ecre ta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving as many a s sev e ral
hundred person s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss C
1. S ecre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev e ral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, few er than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p e rv iso r or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erso n s); o£
2. S ecre tary to a nonsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al em ployee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, sk illed technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies a ssig n
sten ograp h ers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s as d escrib ed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
n onsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in g s, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c re ta ry in that a se cre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and p erform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary ta sk s as d escrib ed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple re c o rd s,
or perform other relatively routine c le ric a l ta sk s.

19
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine O perator)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or reports on scien tific rese arc h . May also set up and m aintain files, keep re c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, a s evidenced by the following: Work req u ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure; and of the sp ecific b u sin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such a s m aintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs; com posing sim ple le tters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A. O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls, such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ila r c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard o p erato r, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ic e occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p urposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c a lls are referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custom ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts a s receptionist and m ay a lso type or perform routine cle ric al work as part of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric a l work m ay take the m ajo r p art of this w orker's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such a s the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p reter, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are o p erators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay a lso operate
EAM equipment.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assign m en ts including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and- com plex rep orts which often are irre g u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in m achine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring respon sibility is lim ited to
selection and in sertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g reports or p arts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim p ler m achines
used by c la ss C op erators. May be required to do some wiring from d iag ram s. May train
new em ployees in b asic m achine operations.
C la ss C . Under specific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. A ssignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple c le rical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal brie fs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch a re not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to m ake copies of various m ate rials or to m ake out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been made by another person . May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do cle ric al work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep o rts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m ate rial from sev e ral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte r s, varying details to suit circu m stan ces.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or cle ar
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and op erates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro c e ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s, etc.); switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; review s e rr o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating r e c o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
program .
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of c ritic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often req u ires a
working knowledge of the total p ro gram , and alternate p ro gram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.
C la ss B. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s a re established
production runs, typically run on a reg u larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p ro g ram s a re provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tions, diagnoses cause and tak es corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rogram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for c la s s A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ram s. U sually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p rog ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed in struction s which a re required to solve the problem s by autom atic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p re c ise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

20
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS---Continued
of data to achieve d esired r e su lts. Work involves m o st of the following: A pplies knowledge of
com puter ca p a b ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of p rogram step s; w rites detailed flow ch arts to show order in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for m achine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rog ram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lte rs
p ro g ram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains reco rd s of
p rogram development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as system s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp o n sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m e rs p rim arily concerned with scientific
and /or engineering problem s.
F o r wage' study p u rp o ses, p ro g ra m ers a re c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require competence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra c tic e s. Working from d ia ­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between v ariou s step s o f the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this lev el, program ing is difficult becau se com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro c essin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substan tial m anipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m ers who are a ssign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B .' Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P ro g ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or fo rm ats. R eports
and listin g s a re produced by refining, adapting, array in g , or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re readily av ailable. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro g ram s (as d escribed for c la s s A) under clo se direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m e rs.
C la ss G . M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learn ed in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine p ro blem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accu racy and conformance with
required p ro ced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate proced ures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete d escription of all sp ecification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes su bject-m atter operations to be autom ated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry r e su lts; sp ecifies number and types of re c o rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and rev ised sy ste m s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an aly sis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) C on fers with person s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises su b ject-m atter personnel on the im p lica ­
tions of new or rev ise d sy stem s of data p ro cessin g op eration s. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajo r system s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s an aly sts who are a ssig n e d to
a s s is t .
C la s s B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to an?.lyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity becau se so u rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data a re closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a reta il establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p e rso n s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su bject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escrib ed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
stru ction s, and to in sure proper alinement with the overall system .
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carry in g out a n alyses a s assig n ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop and expand p ractica l experience
in the application of proced ures and sk ills required for sy stem s an aly sis work. F o r exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s requ ired
by p ro g ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. P lan s the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting p reced en ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design o rigin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relationsh ips of com ­
ponents and p a r ts . Works with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la s s B . P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the appli­
cation of m o st of the standardized drawing techniques reg u larly used. Duties typically in ­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b asse m b lie s with irre g u la r sh ap es,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between com ponents; p rep a re s a rc h i­
tectu ral draw ings for construction of a building including detail draw ings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load ca p a citie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p a rts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp o ses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale ) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C on solidates d etails from a number of so u rces
and ad ju sts or tra n sp o se s scale as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
preced en ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls a re given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assign m en ts recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re s s.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
draw ings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
con sisting of straight lin es and a la rge scale not requiring clo se delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily v isu alized ite m s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system 's analysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s analysts a re c la ssifie d as follows:

ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electronic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, in stallin g, rep airin g, and overhauling. These operations
require thfe p erform ance of m ost or all of the following ta s k s : A ssem blin g, testing, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.

C la s s A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in ­
volving all ph ases of sy stem s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iv erse sou rces of
input data and m ultip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and sa le s an aly sis reco rd in which

Work is nonrepetitive and req u ires a knowledge of the theory and p ractice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electronic te st equipment; trouble a n aly sis; and
the operation, relation sh ip, and alinement of electron ic sy ste m s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p arts.




21
ELECTR O N IC S TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

E lectro n ic equipment or sy stem s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio com munications sy ste m s, relay sy stem s, navigation aid s;
airborne or ground rad ar sy stem s; radio and television tran sm ittin g or recording sy stem s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp ace craft guidance and control sy ste m s; in du strial and m edical
m easu rin g, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A reg iste re d n urse who gives nursing serv ice under general m ed ical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other p erson s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in ju rie s; keeping record s
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for compensation or other p u rp o ses; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rse s in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le rs and t e s t e r s , craftsm en , d raftsm en , d esig n e rs, engin eers,
and repairm en of such standard electron ic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving s e t s .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n ec e ssa ry to construct and maintain in good rep a ir build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s, coun ters, benches, partition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verb al in struction s; using a
variety of c arp en ter's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring in strum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the installation, m aintenance, or
rep a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of ele ctric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c­
tric a l equipment such as gen erato rs, tran sfo r m e r s, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b re ak e rs,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay a lso sup erv ise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (mechanical or e le ctric a l) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, ge n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbin es, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and b o iler-fed water pum ps; making equipment r e p a ir s; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p e rv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.

P roduces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making re p a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's
handtools and p recision m easurin g instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se toleran ces; making standard shop com putations relating to dim en­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working p roperties of
the common m etals; selectin g standard m a te ria ls, p a rts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In ge n e ral, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ir e s stationary bo ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fu els to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety v alv es. May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the sk illed m aintenance tr a d e s, by perform ing sp ecific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such a s keeping a w orker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s a s d irected by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erfo rm v a rie s from trad e to trad e: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized m achine operations, or p arts of a trad e that a re a lso
perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e c ia lize s in the operation of one or m ore types of m achine tools, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylindrical or surface g rin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s,
sp eed s, tooling, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve req u isite to leran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re s s to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o se s, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this c la ssific a tio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R ep airs autom obiles, b u se s, m otortruck s, and tr a c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves mostjof_Uie_following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d i s ­
assem blin g equipment and perform ing r e p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem b lin g or fitting p a r ts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es; reassem b lin g and in stalling the various
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic req u ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This cla ssifica tio n does not include m echanics who rep air c u sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep a ir shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or p artly dism antling m achines and perform ing re p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p a rts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a m achine shop for m ajor r e p a irs; preparing written specification s for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
a ll n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a m aintenance m echanic req u ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this cla ssifica tio n are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and installin g and m aintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such a s d riv es and speed red u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw righ t's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu liaritie s and types of paint required for different app lica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

22
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

holes and in terstic es; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix c o lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sh eet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installin g sheet-m etal a rtic le s
as required. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal w orker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or re p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
c o rrec t lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies: bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to h angers; m aking standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers p rim arily engaged in in stallin g and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sh eet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, g re a se pans, sh elv es, lo c k e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and re p a irs m achine-shop too ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res or d ies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recision m easu rin g instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and allo y s; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp ee d s, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p a rts during fabrication
a s well a s of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close to le ran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, too ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this c la ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. F erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour, m aintaining order,
using arm s or force where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting p roperty again st fir e ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or co m m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, trash , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu res or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance se rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing a re excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, store, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other tran sportin g d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m ate rials or m erchandise in proper sto rage location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
exc Iuded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tran sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with sp ecification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is resp on sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te r ia ls. Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping p ro ­
ced u res, p ra c tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and r a te s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, m aking up b ills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and keeping
a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other reco rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m a te ria ls to proper departm ents; and m aintaining n e c e ssa ry
reco rd s and file s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in du strial a re a to tran sp o rt m a te r ia ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or m en between variou s types of establish m ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehou ses, w holesale and re ta il establish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents and
c u sto m ers' houses or p la ces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv er-salesm en and
over-th e-road d riv e rs are excluded.
follow s:

F o r wage study p u rp o ses, tru ck d riv e rs are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the basis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruckdriver,

PACKER. SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs. the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
tiie placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge o f various item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container: inserting e n clo su res in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c rate s are excluded.




(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under 1!/2 tons)
medium (1 i/t to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy

(over

4 tons,

o th er than t r a il e r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to tran sp ort
goods and m a te ria ls of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers a re c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

Available On Request---T h e fo ll o w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y fo r u s e in a d m in i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e Co n t r ac t A c t of 1965.
w i l l be a v a i l a b l e at no cost while sup pli es la s t f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o ff ic es shown on the b a c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
Alaska
A lban y, G a .
A m a rillo , Tex.
Atlan tic Cit y, N .J .
A u g u st a, G a .—S. C.
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a li f.
Baton Ro u ge , L a .
B i l o x i , G u lf p o rt , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m fo r d , Conn.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Iowa
Ch am pa ig n—U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , Ten n., and H o p k i n s v i lle , Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo .
C o lu m b i a , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a —A l a .
Corpus C h risti, Tex.
C r a n e , Ind.
Dothan, A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
S
El Paso, Tex.
E ug en e— p r i n g f i e ld , O r e g .
S
F a r g o —M o o r h e a d , N . D a k —Minn .
F a y e t te v i lle , N. C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d — P a — W. V a .
H
F r e s n o , C a li f.
G r a n d F o r k s , N . Dak.
G r a n d Is lan d— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
G r e e n b o r o —Winston S a l e m — ig h P oint, N . C .
H
H a r r is b u r g , Pa.
K n o x v i lle , Tenn.
R e p o rt s fo r the fo ll o w in g

surveys

rele ases are

or

L a re d o , Tex.
Las V e g a s, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d — V'a.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste.
M a rie , M ich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
( B r e v a r d Co .)
M eridian, M is s.
M i d d l e s e x , M onm outh , Oce an , and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
Montgom ery, A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n.
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
N o r w i c h —Groton—N e w London, Conn.
Ogd en, Utah
O r la n d o , F l a .
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a li f.
S
P a n a m a City, F l a .
Portsm outh, N .H .— ain e— a s s .
M
M
IPueblo, C olo .
Reno, Nev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f.
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a li f.
S h e rm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
Shreveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e ld —C h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s . —Conn.
H
T o p e k a , K an s.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a li f.
W i lm i n g t o n , D e l —N . J ^ - M d .
Yuma, A riz .

conducted in the p r i o r y e a r but sin ce discontinued a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e :

A lp e n a , Stand ish, and T a w a s City, M i c h .
A sh eville, N.C.
A u s t in , T e x . *
F o r t Smith, A r k —Okla.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
*

C o p i e s of pu blic

Expan ded to an a r e a w a g e

s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

L e x in gt o n , K y . *
P i n e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a li f.
T acom a, W ash.
W ich ita F a l l s , T e x .
See ins ide b a c k c o v e r .

The twelfth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r ac co unt an ts, a u d i t o r s , ch ief ac co untan ts, at t o r n e y s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c hnic ia ns , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1742, N a ti o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy , f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o ff ic es showp on the b a c k c o v e r , or f r o m Ore
Superintendent of D o cu m e n t s, U-S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O ff i c e , W a sh in gt o n , D . C . , 20402.




* U . *. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G OFFICE: l » 7 3 “ 74« - * 2 9 / 21




1

- j'
-

Area W a g e Surveys
A list of the la test a v a i la b le bu lle tins is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e studies including m o r e li m it ed studies conducted at the
r eq u es t of the E m p lo y m e n t Stan dard s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n of the D e partm en t of L a b o r is a v a i la b le on req u est. B ulle tins m a y be p u r c h a s e d fr o m any of the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a le s o ff ic es shown on the bac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superintendent of Do cu m e nts, U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O ff i c e , Wa shington, D . C . , 20402.
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio , D ec. 1972------------------------------------------------------A lb a n y —Schenecta dy— r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1973 1 ___________
T
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1973__________________________
A ll en t o w n —Bethle he m —E asto n, P a . —N .J ., M a y 1972 1 —
A tl an ta, G a . , M a y 1973_______________________________________
A u s t in , T e x . , De c. 1972 1---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug . 1972 1_________________________________
Bea umont— o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1973 1 _____
P
Bingh am ton, N . Y . , July 1972________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1973 1_____________________________
B o i s e City, Idaho, No v. 19 72 *______________________________
Bos ton , M a s s . , A ug . 1972 1__________________________________
B u f fa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 19721____________________________________
Burli n gton , V t . , De c. 19 721_________________________________
Canton, Ohio, M a y 1973_____ _ ______________________________
_
C h a r le s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1973----------------------------------------Ch ar lo tt e, N . C . , Jan. 1973------------------------------------------------Chattanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1972 1-----------------------------C h ic ag o , 111., June 1972___________________ ___ _______________
Cinc innati, Ohio—
Ky.—In d ., F e b . 1973_____________________
C le v e la n d , Ohio, Sept. 1972 1--------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1972 1________________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1972 1---------------------------------------------------D a ven por t —Rock Is land—M o li n e , Io wa^Ill. , F e b . 1973----Dayton, Ohio , De c. 1972_____________________________________
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D ec. 1972_________ __________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, M a y 1973________________________________
D e t ro it , M i c h ., F e b . 19 7 2 ___ ____ ____________ ___ _— ------D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1973____________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o ll yw o od and W e s t P a l m
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1973____ __________ _ ____________________
F o r t Wo rth , T e x . , Oct. 1972 1_______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1972 1--------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e . S .C ., M a y 1972__________________________________
Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1973____________________________________
Hun tsv ill e, A l a . , F e b. 1973-----------------------------------------------Ind ian ap ol is, Ind., Oct. 1972 1_______________________________
Ja ck so n, M i s s . , Jan. 1973-------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ill e , F l a . , Dec. 1972-------------------------------------------K a n s a s City, M o . - K a n s , , Sept. 1972_______________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1972 1-------------Lexington, K y ., Nov. 1972 1-----------------------------------------------Little Rock—N o r th Little Rock, A r k . , July 1972 1---------L o s A n g e le s —Long B eac h and A nah eim —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a li f ., Oct. 1972*---------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., No v. 1972----------------------------------------L u bbo ck , T e x . , M a r . 1973-------------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , July 1972 1______________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Nov. 1972__________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1972 1____________________________________
M i d la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1973--------------- --------------

B ulle tin n u m be r
and p r i c e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1775-79,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1775-82,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1775-73,
1775-74,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1775-72,
1725-68,
1775-61,

40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
35 cents
40 cents
40 cents
75 cents
40 cents
45 cents
55 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
50 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
70 cents
50 cents
75 cents
55 cents
75 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40 cents
50 cents
55 cents
30 cents
50 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
55 cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
55 cents
35 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wa ge provisions are also presented.




A rea
M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1973__________________________________
M in n e a p o l is —St. P a u l , Minn., Jan. 1973--------------------------M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n Heigh ts , M i c h ., June 1972 1 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y City, N . J . , Jan. 1973------------------------N e w Haven, Conn., Jan. 1973--------------------------------------------N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1973---------------------------------------------N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1972 1
_________________________________
N o r f o l k — i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
V
P
N e w p o r t N e w s —Hampton, V a . , Jan. 1973 1---------------------O k la h o m a City, O k l a . , July 1972--------------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . —Io wa, Sept. 1972_____________________________
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o r r - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1972 1 -----------------P h i la d e lp h i a , P a . - N . J . , No v. 1972------------------------------------P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1__________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 1973 1 ----------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , No v. 1972-----------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1972 1 ---------------------------------Pou g hk ee psie H K ing sto n— e w b u r g h , N . Y . ,
N
J une 1972 1 ____________________________________________________
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —
Paw tu ck et, R.I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1973________________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1.972----------------------------------------------------Richmond, V a . , M a r . 1973____________________________________
R iverside—
San B e r n a rd in c r -O n t a r io , C a li f.,
De c. 1972 l _——------ _____—— — --------------------------------------------R o c h e s te r, N . Y . (offi ce occupations only), July 1972___
R o ck for d, 111., J une 1973_____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o.—111., M a r . 1973 1___ _ ______________________
_
Salt L a k e City, Utah, No v. 1972 1___________________________
San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1973_________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , No v. 1972__________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1973---------------------O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1973__________________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1973---------------------------------------------------Scranton, P a . , July 1972_____________________________________
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J an. 1973------------------------------------Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., Dec. 1972 1 ____________________________
South B end , In d ., M a r . 1973__________________________________
Spokane, W a s h . , J une 1972 1_________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July
1972__________________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1972--------------------------To le d o , Ohio — i c h . , A p r . 1973______________________________
M
Tr en to n , N . J . , Sept. 1972 1___________________________________
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1972---------------------------------------------Wa shington, D . C .—Md .—V a . , M a r . 1973____________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1973---------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iowa, No v.
1972-----------------------------------------------Wich ita , K a n s . , A p r .
1973__________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1973_________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , Fe b. 1973-----------------------------------------------------------Youn gstown—W a r r e n , Ohio, No v. 1972_____________________

Bulle tin num ber
and price
1775-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

40 cents
55cents
35cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50cents
45cents
40cents
40cents
55cents
55 cents
75 cents
40cents
35 cents

1725-80,

3 5 cents

1775-84,
1775-7,
1775-68,

35cents
45cents
40cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1775-80,
1775-69,
1775-33,
177 5-78,
1775-40,
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65 cents
45cents
3 5 cents
75cents
50cents
35 cents
40cents
40cents
40cents
40 cents
45 cents
40cents
40cents
40cents
35 cents
45 cents
45cents
40 cents
55 cents
45cents
50cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40cents
40 cents
40 cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB-441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

T IR CLASS M IL
H D
A

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
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Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
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Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
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Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
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Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
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Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
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Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
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Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
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New Mexico
Oklahoma
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Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
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Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
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