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Public Library
SEP 2 61972

DOCUMENT rm i — «-

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R h o d e I s la n d —
M a s s a c h u s e t t s , M e t r o p o l it a n A re a , M a y 1 9 7 2

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 -7 0
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau Of Labor Statistics




Region II
151 5 Broadway, Suite 3400
New York, N .Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square'Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia. Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 3 5 3 -1880(Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017 *
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lletin 1 7 2 5 -7 0
A ugust 1972

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e P ro v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a r w ic k , R h o d e Is la n d —
M a s s a c h u s e tts , M e tro p o lita n A re a , M a y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page
1.
4.

In tr o d u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p s

T ab les:

6.
9.

10.

11.
12.
15.

1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

A.

3.
5.

Occupation al ea rn in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n
m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d
m
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t oc c u p a tio n s
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t oc c u p a tio n s

A ppen dix.

occupational

O c c u p a ti o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. D C., 20402—
Price 30 cents

P re fa c e
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual oc c u p a­
tio n al w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e s ig n e d to p r o v i d e data
on occupational e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ­
ta ry wage provision s.
It y i e l d s d e ta ile d data by s e l e c t e d ind us try
d i v i s i o n f o r each of the a r e a s studied, f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r
the United St ate s. A m a j o r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is the ne e d
f o r g r e a t e r in sig ht into (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y occupational
c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s tr u c tu r e and l e v e l of w a g e s amon g
a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s .
A t the end o f e ach s u r v e y , an ind iv id u al a r e a b ulletin p r e ­
sents the r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a l l indiv id ual a r e a bulle tins
f o r a round of s u r v e y s , two s u m m a r y b ull etins a r e is s u e d. T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s data f o r each o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s studied into one bulletin.
T h e second p r e s e p t s in f o r m a t i o n wh ic h has b een p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n ­
d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data t o r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g io n s and the
U n ite d St ates.
N i n e t y - f o u r a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in cluded in the p r o g r a m . In
each a r e a , in f o r m a t i o n on occup ational e a r n in g s is c o l l e c t e d annually
and on e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
b ie n n ia lly .
T h i s b ull etin p r e s e n ts re s u lt s of the s u r v e y in P r o v i d e n c e —
P aw tu ck et—W a r w i c k , R .I.—M a s s . , in M a y 1972. The Standard M e t r o ­
politan S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O f f ic e o f M a n a ge m en t and
Budget ( f o r m e r l y the B u re au o f the Budget) th ro ugh January 1968, c o n ­
s i s ts o f the f o l l o w i n g a r e a s in Rhode Island: C e n t r a l F a l l s , C ra nsto n,
E a s t P r o v i d e n c e , P a w tu ck e t, P r o v i d e n c e , and W o o n s o c k e t c i t i e s , and
s e v e n towns in P r o v i d e n c e County; N a r r a g a n s e t t and N o r th K in g s tow n
towns in W a sh in gto n County; W a r w i c k c i t y and t h r e e towns in K ent
County; a l l o f B r i s t o l County; and J a m e sto w n town in N e w p o r t County;
and in M a s s a c h u s e tts :
A t t l e b o r o c ity and nine contiguous towns in
B r i s t o l , N o r f o l k , and W o r c e s t e r Coun ties. T h i s study w a s conducted
b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in B oston , M a s s . , under the g e n ­
e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V . M u lk e rn , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r
O p e ra tio n s .




Note:
S i m i l a r r e p o r t s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r oth e r a r e a s .
back c o v e r . )

(See in s id e

Union s c a l e s , i n d ic a tiv e of p r e v a i l i n g p ay l e v e l s in the
P r o v i d e n c e — awtu ck et—W a r w i c k a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r
P
buildin g c on structio n; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t op e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ;
l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s ; and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

bined . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in oc c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c up atio n is
to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is
p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
E arnings
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e includ ed in the
o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n ob ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
oc c u p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r study. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts and to th o s e r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r t i n g unusual changes
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sched ule .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c t i o n bonuses a r e e x ­
clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
cluded.
W h e r e w e e k l y ho u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
o c c u p a ti o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s tan da rd w o r k w e e k (r ou n d e d to the
n e a r e s t h a l f ho ur) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/or p r e ­
m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s have
b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
i n d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te nd to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n s stu died
to w a r r a n t i n c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c han ges.
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y ch an ge s in w a g e s and
e m p lo ym en t patterns. F o r exam p le, p ro p ortion s of w o r k e r s em p loyed
b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
ad v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t c ould d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en
though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s dur ing the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le 2, a r e b e t t e r
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the g ro u p s.

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
ob ta in o p ti m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is stu died. In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th os e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e stu died.
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g typ es:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke ac c ou n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w i t h i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap p e n d ix. U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d ,
the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m ­

The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g and, thus, c o n trib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job.
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p ob ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n ta i n e d am on g jo b s in
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
individual estab lish m en ts.
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n ­
1
Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
Thesetr i b u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e :
D ifferen ces
areas are Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and
in p r o g r e s s i o n w i th i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the actu al
West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N .Y .
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c duties
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
p e r f o r m e d , alth ough the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
more limited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used in c l a s s i f y i n g
the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c du tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t obtained f ro m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n l y to in d i c a te the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.




E stab lishm en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
*

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u l l e ti n .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y .
T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ;
p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p lan s a r e p r e s e n t e d ( i n the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s
f o r th is a r e a .




3

T ab le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in
Providence—P aw tu c k e t—W a rw ic k , R.I.—M ass.,1 by m ajor industry division,2M ay 1972
Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study3

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

A ll divisions______________________________

_

783.

149

152,414

100

67,556

Manufacturing_________________________________
Nonmanufacturing________ ___________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5_____________________
Wholesale trade 6___________________________
Retail tra d e__________________ ______________
Finance, insurance, and real esta te6______
Services 6 7______________ -__________________

50
-

506
277

74
75

104,655
47, 759

69
31

40,020
27,536

50
50
50
50
50

36
47
106
35
53

13
10
24
11
17

9,953
3, 663
19,128
10,391
4,624

7
2
12
7
3

7, 129
875
10,303
6,696
2,533

1 The Providence-Pawtucket—
Warwick Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (form erly the
Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists of the following areas in Rhode Island: Central F alls, Cranston, East Providence, Pawtucket,
Providence, and Woonsocket cities, and seven towns in Providence County; Narragansett and North Kingstown towns in Washington County; Warwick
city and three towns in Kent County; all of B ristol County; and Jamestown town in Newport County; and in Massachusetts: Attleboro city and nine
contiguous towns in B ristol, Norfolk, and W orcester Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably
accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a
basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires
the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope
of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4

In c lu d e s

a ll w o rk e rs

in

a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s

w it h t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t

(w it h in th e

area)

at o r

a b o v e th e m i n i m u m

li m i t a t i o n .

5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A -serie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to
m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit
separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit
membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

Seven-tenths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Providence-Pawtucket—
Warwick area w ere employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the major
industry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries____________________ 22
Textile m ill products__________ 12
Instruments and related
products.___ __________________ 10
Machinery, except e le ctrica l— 9
E lectrical equipment and
supplies____________________ — 8
Prim ary metal industries------ 8
Fabricated m etal products____ 7
Rubber and plastics products— 6

Costume jew elry and
notions_________________________ 10
Jewelry, silverw are, and
plated ware_________ ___________ 9
Nonferrous rolling and
drawing_______________________ 7
Mechanical measuring and
control devices..______________ 6
E lectric lighting and
wiring equipment----------------- 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c han ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the date o f
the in d ex.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c han ges b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a te s . A n n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am oun t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m on th s . T h e s e c om p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c on stant r a te
between su rve y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c han ge in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
ch an ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

shows the p e r c e n t a g e ch an ge . T h e i n d e x is the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and con tinuin g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e t o r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f earnings fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h ifts . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p atio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w i t h i n
e a c h g ro u p .
L im itation s

o f Data

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f
c han ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n ge s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c an c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w a ges m a y have d eclin ed beca u se lo w e r - p a y in g establish m en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c on stan t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a ve r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a ti o n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c on sta n t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance ( men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Clerks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (men and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls

T h e use o f c on stan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n ge s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s
in the g r o u p w e r e to ta l e d .
The a g g re g a te s f o r 2 co n secu tive y ea rs
w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




4




T ab le 2. Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
P rovid ence—Paw tucKet—W a rw ic k , R.I.—Mass., M ay 1971 and M ay 1972, and percents of increase for selected periods
A ll industries
Period

O ffice
clerica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Manufacturing
Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

134.3
143.0

126.9
134.1

128.8
133.2

6.2
3.9
6.2
4.7
3.4
5.4
6.2
8.2
8.9
8.2
5.3
6.5

2.5
3.4
5.0
2.1
3.6
4.9
5.4
5.5
6.5
5.9
6.7
5.7

2.5
2.8
1.8
2.7
4.4
1.0
6.5
3.9
5.9
10.2
6.3
3.4

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Indexes (May 1967 = 100)
May 1971....... ....... .................... .......................
May 1972................... ..........................................

126.0
132.4

134.0
142.6

128.3
135.7

129.7
135.3

127.3
132.1

Percents of increase
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

I960 to
1961 to
1962 to
1963 to
1964 to
1965 to
1966 to
1967 to
1968 to
1969 to
1970 to
1971 to

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1961_______ _________________
1962__________________________
1963___ _____________________
1964_________________________
1965__________________________
1966__________________________
1967__________________________
1968______ ____ ______________
1969________________________ __
1970__________________________
1971__________________________
1972__________________________

3.1
4.9
3.1
4.6
3.1
3.8
6.4
5.6
5.3
6.2
6.7
5.1

6.1
3.2
6.8
4.1
4.5
4.8
6.6
8.6
7.9
8.2
5.7
6.4

3.4
3.5
4.6
2.5
3.6
4.8
5.6
5.1
6.7
6.2
7.8
5.8

2.9
3.2
2.9
2.6
3.0
1.2
5.1
5.7
5.4
8.1
7.6
4.3

4.2
4.7
3.2
3.7
2.9
3.3
5.4
5.7
5.7
6.7
6.8
3.8

6

A.

Oc cu pa ti on al earnings

T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —Paw tucket—W a rw ic k , R . I —M a s s ., M a y 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e ceiv in g str a ig h t-t im e week ly earnin gs o f

i
Sex, occupation,

60

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

weekly

*

»

s

$

t

t

t

I

$

I

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

I CO

105

110

12 0

130

14 0

150

160

170

18 0

190

200

21 0

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

12 0

13 0

14 0

15 0

160

170

180

19 0

20 0

210

over

2
1

1

2
2

1
1

2

3
3

and

M iddle range^

and

under

(standard)

65
MEN

$
C LE R KS , A C C OU NT IN G , CLASS A
MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG ----------------

39.0
39.5
38.0

162.00
149.00
175.50

161.00
150.50
177.50

141.00189.00
124.50-166.00
14 4.00 201.00

C LE R K S , A C C OU NT IN G , CLA SS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

54
31

40.0
40.0

109.50
106.50

108.50
107.50

97 .0 0-131 .5 0
99.5 0-112 .0 0

C LE R K S , ORDER ----MANUFACTURI NG

32
32

39.0
39.0

127.00
127.00

127.00
127.00

9 9 .0 0 9 9 .0 0 -

MESSENGERS ( O F F I C E BOY S)
MANUFACTURI NG --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

86
28
58

38.0
38.5
38.0

94.50
94.50
94.50

93 .0 0
89 .5 0
94 .0 0

MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------

125
89

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B OOKKEE PI NG
M AC H IN E) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

56
54

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 0 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0

B O OK KE EP ING -M AC HI NE OPERATORS
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

111
64

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

B O OK K EEP I NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS
C LA SS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

142
69
73

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

9 1 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

-

, acco unting, class a MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG --------------------

318
187
131

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 3 .0 0 1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_
-

C LE R K S , A C C OU NT IN G , C LA SS B MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -------------------R E T A I L TRADE -------------------------

746
337
409
87

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0

-

51

3 9 .0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

2
2

7
7

13
13

1
1

11
11

149.50
149.50
12
2
10

8 6 .5 0 104.50
87 .0 0-105 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 104.50

4
-

5
5

1
1
5

2
2
7
7

12
1
3
3

-

4

22
14
8

10
10

3
1

18
16

13
2

9
7

44
34

1
1

2
“

12
12

*

15
12

26
17

21
11

20
6

13
12

4
3

3
3
_

2

10

2
3

10

11
4

11
11

WOMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------

clerks

C LE R K S ,

FILE,

CL AS S

A ---------------

*

_
”

_

“

_

16
16

_

11
11

_
~

*

_

9
”

_

3
3

12
12

11
11

”

“

*
_

“
_

_

_

_

_

“

”

_

1
1
-

21
1
20

25
3
22

13
9
4

45
30
15

4
4
-

20
11
9

7
6
1

3
2
1

2
2

1

_

-

-

_
-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

3
2
1

25
21
4

21
14
7

28
7
21

50
39
11

66
43
23

85
41
44

16
15
1

2
1
1

6
1
5

11
3
8

3
3
3

18
6
12
11

33
17
16
12

86
28
58
17

45
21
24
5

49
26
23
1

114
36
78
4

86
60
26
6

53
26
27
7

95
69
26
12

83
40
43
9

77
8
69

_

2

2

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

8

12

4

1

3

16

1

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

2
2

-

-

“

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

*

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

16
16

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

247
177

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

8 8 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 8 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 2 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 -

9 4 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

9
9

C LE R K S , F I L E , C L A SS C --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

301
50
251

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

7 6 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 - 8 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0 - 7 9 .5 0

22
22

C L E R K S , ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -------------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------------------

269
192
77
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0

2
2
2




2
2

_

_
“

C LE R K S , F I L E , C L A SS B ----- ---------NONMANUFACTURI NG --------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .

2
”

-

1

-

5
5

24
24

62
58

39
27

51
24

25
10

8
8

17
6

16
16

•
70
15
55

116
8
108

53
8
45

12
7
5

6
6

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4
4

8
5
3
3

27
26
1
1

12
4
8
~

41
27
14

25
22
3
3

28
7
21
12

10
9
X
1

5
5

5

-

22
14

8
2

47
40
7
4

-

"
-

*
-

3
3

2
2

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

7
T a b le A-1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n -----C o ntin u ed

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —Pawtucket—W a rw ick , R . I —M a s s ., M a y 1972)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re ceiv ing s tr a ig h t-t im e w ee k ly ea rnin gs of—

Number
workere

hois"
(standard)

S

Average

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$
60

Mean2

Median ^

Middle range2

S
65

$

t

70

75

t

80

i

t

85

90

$

t

95

100

$
no

*
120

t
130

*
140

160

1 ------ 1 ------ 1 -----

*

t

t

150

170

180

190

200

and
under

210
«“ U

65
WOMEN -

*
105

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

2
2
2

14
6
8
8

2
2
-

27
25
2
2

20
14
6
6

7
5
2
2

46
42
4
*

44
33
11
11

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

over

78
63
15
3

38
32
6

16
6
10

20
14
6

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

•
-

-

C ONTI NUED

C LE R K S . PAYROLL -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------R E T AI L TRADE -------------------------------------

339
262
77
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

$
$
1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

$
$
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0
7 4 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

20
15
5
2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------------

*6

3 8 .0

9 8 .5 0

9 7 .5 0

7 7 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0

-

2

9

2

2

3

4

3

1

2

10

6

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

212
138
76

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

10
4
6

2
1
1

27
20
7

39
28
11

34
17
17

22
14
8

44
35
9

14
12
2

10
6
4

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
5

2

-

*

2

-

2

*

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

390
235
155

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

9 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

8
8

25
4
21

64
39
25

48
37
11

67
56
11

38
19
19

32
15
17

22
9
13

50
38
12

17
11
6

18
7
11

-

1

_

-

1

-

-

MESSENGERS ( O F F I C E G I R L S ) ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

46
27

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0

-

1
1

15
14

5
3

4
-

5
1

3
-

3
2

2
-

_

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

3
3

.

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRE TA RI ES --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------R E T AI L TRADE -------------------------------------

1 ,2 2 1
725
496
47
43

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0

-

-

.
-

33
15
18
4

100
58
42
4
-

105
61
44
4

93
55
38
-

186
114
72
1

226
134
92
18

129
91
38
4
4

96
58
38
5
2

71
58
13
3
-

27
18
9
5

-

20
1
19
4
2

34
19
15
9

-

24
1
23
4

34
14
20
5

-

4
4
4

11
5
6
4
*

24
23
1
1
*

4
4
3
-

S EC R E T A R I E S , CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

73
40
33

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 - 2 0 6 .(TO
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

1
-

7
7
*

6
2
4

n
i
10

9
3
6

2
1
1

11
4
7

2
2

*

5
5
“

12
12
*

4

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLA SS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

302
209
93

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 4 1 .0 0 1 3 7 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0 1 4 0 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

*

*

3

6
6

12
11
1

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS C -------------------------MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

377
265
112

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

3

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D -------------------------MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

469
211
258

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

-

-

4

23

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

401
187
214

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 0 3 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, s e n i o r ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

88
45
43

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD O PERATORS ,

A --------

45

3 8 .5

SWITCHBOARD O PERATORS, C LA SS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

82
73

SWITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE -------------------------------------

248
164
84
35

C L AS S

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




-

-

-

-

-

1
_

*

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

4
-

_

1

20
6
14

13
6
7

33
19
14

47
34
13

45
37
8

37
30
7

36
32
4

10
3
7

19
14
5

20
17
3

24
17
7

40
34
6

74
59
15

80
58
22

39
31
8

35
18
17

21
13
8

8
6
2

8
2
6

5
1
4

.

-

-

-

-

-

4

36
26
10

“

-

26
15
11

61
30
31

61
38
23

39
15
24

72
29
43

93
40
53

34
22
12

15
7
8

12
12
-

5
1
4

5
1
4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

39
17
22

69
28
41

75
32
43

58
34
24

58
33
25

31
19
12

8
3
5

5

2

•

_

-

.

-

-

5

2

-

-

-

~

-

-

3
3

-

-

10
3
7

9
2
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
14
8

-

-

9
8
1

1

-

24
11
13

1

“

4
1
3

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

23

17
1
16

9 5 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

14
6
8

8
1
7

28
14
14

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

2
2
-

*

3
1
2

1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 7 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

2

3

2

1

5

2

1

9

5

9

4

2

-

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

9 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0

-

15
15

-

5
5

15
15

6
6

11
10

12
11

3
1

9
4

.

-

_

•

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

9 7 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

32
10
22
7

15
7
8
4

30
26
4

33
32
1

24
11
13
9

19
6
13
9

39
32
7

19
15
4
1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

8
2
6

22
22

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

1

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

8
T a b l e A -1.

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu di e d o n an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

s
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
60

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

65

%

70

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
<
$
$
S
»
*
*
t
S
t

$

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

120

$

$

$

1 1 0 .5 0

70

75

80

85

90

95

105

110

i?o

130

J?

100

J

??

J?

$
J

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 1 B .0 0

12

55
J

in *-37*0

Ill

*

00
on '

380

S e e f o o t no t e s at e nd o f t a b l e s .




9 2 *0 0

a!

87 50

130

1A0

150

160

s

s
170

s

S

180

190

t

200

210

and

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE OPERATORS,

M a y 1972)

and
under
65

WOMEN -

*

P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — W a r w i c k , R . I .—M a s s . ,

I?

ft
2Q

116

79

62

14

j

6
108

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

over

9
T a b le A - 2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e -P a w tu c k e t— a rw ic k , R .I .- M a s s ., M ay 1972)
W
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woiken

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

1

*
80

weekly
Mean *

Median*

Middle range*

standard)

and
un der
90

t
90

s

10 0

»

110

i

i

%

*

»

»

I

10 0 110

120

130

190

150

16 0

170

—

-

—

—

—

—

130

140

150

160

170

180

*

i

%

»

18 0

—

-

120

19 0

190

.

.

.

.

21 0

.

20 0

t

*

200

.

21 0

t

22 0 23 0
.

220

i

i

290

.

25 0

.

230 24 0

25 0

260

MEN
$
$
163.50 160.50
COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS
30*"

3

9

128 50
135.50

12 4 " 0
135.00
111.50

107.50-119.00

197.00

195.00

30.5

f3

39* '

J

COMPUTER

6

5

2

8

5

7

-

-

6

4

6

23

21

5

1

-

1

i
5

16

3

4

-

4

2
2

7

18

i

3
3

-

2
2

1

-

1

2

2

8

19

-

*

i

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

5

-

5

2

_

_

13
4
9

2
2
*

3
3

9
1
3

2
1
1

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

3

1

6

1

1

-

-

1

15
7
8

3
3

8
5
3

1
1
*

5
5
*

-

1
1
*

-

-

*

1
1
*

*

*

1

_

^

162.50-222.50

SYSTEMS

7n, ?n* I ?
17 3.

*

-

2
2

-

298.50 2 9 3 .0 0 -2 6 5 .5 0
29 7.j C

“

*

1

3
3

2
2

*

26
23

6
2

9
5

*

9
*7

7
2

3
“

4
9

2
2

4
9

6
2

9

3
2

2
2

2

1

-

-

A NA L Y S T S ,

* ,,U
SYSTEMS

i - »
1 7 2 . t0 0

257.50

Z l

',V/'

-

1
1

PR0GRAMERS,

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,

COMPUTER

-

127.00-139.50

* 10 9*00
0

-

-

12 2.50-139.00
91

COMPUTER

$
$
13 9.00-178.00

*2

39.0

I

39.5

219.00

j

T.OC

A NA L Y S T S ,
62

209.50

17
19

179.50-252.00

8
2

1

2
40.0
90 .0

179.00
173.50
176.50

176.00
179.50
187.00

16 1.00 193.00
15 9.50-188.00
17 0.00 198.50

*

1
1

-

139.00

139
109

.
-

135.00

126.00-193.00

-

_

-

3
2

4

*
6

^89

400

2-5

3 9 .0

1 2 7 . 0C

132.09

115.00-192.00

-

-

6

-

86

39.5

199.00

19 9.00
198.50

137.0013 9.00 -

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

7

10

8

10

19

2

6

8
1

17
16
1

16
13
3

28
23
5

25
18
7

29
17
7

12
5
7

-

1
1

_
-

25
23

7
5

1

6
6

12
10

1

1

-

5

2

2
2

4

9

3
1

22
18

90
37

4

7

7

5
4

22
22

17
16

_

1

16
16

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

WOMEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
N UR S E S ,

*

INDUSTRIAL

CLASS
(REGISTERED)

------

W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as fo llows:

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




165.50
160.00

3 at $280 to $300; 1 at $320 to $340; and 3 at $340 to $360.

3
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

26 0

ancj

-

-

270

T a b le A - 3 .

O ffic e , professional, and technical o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m e n com bined

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a nd e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u di e d on

a r e a b a s is by indu st ry division,

Average
Number
of
woiken

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE

MACHINE

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OF FI C E

I2 T
89
38

39 .0
3 9 .5
3® *0

$
106.00
105.50
10 0* 50

k t T rUNtil

OCCUPATI ONS
U r t K A 1 UK j y

MESSENGERS

(O FFIC E

-

R U nnA NUrA UlUK INO

1
}

"

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

C L AS S

390
235

39.0
4 0 .0

$
97.00
97.00
96.50

38.0
39.0

92.50
91 .5 0

O F FI C E

ALvUUNIlNby

I t t 1A I L

60

$
111.50
112.00
111.CO

#

71 " 0
89 .5 0
92.00

38.5

162.50

39.5

38.5
39.5

107.00
109.50

39.0
4 0 .0
38.0

90.50
95.00
86.50

37 8
21 7
161

39.0
39.5
38.0

129.50
125.00
135.00

304

368
43 2
89

39.0
3 9 .5
38.5
39.5

103.50
103.00
104.00
92.50

JO 5 125 00
39.5 128.00
37 .5 121.00

73

HL 1A I L

N U n n A N U T A L 1U K I N b

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTI NUED

131.00
129.50
133.00

32

39.0

109.00

40
26

30 "
38 .0

197.00
185.50

I a
3

1,223
727

142
69
73
L L tK n if

OCCU PA TI ON S -

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

n

111
6*

bo o k k e e ping - m ach ine

Number
of
w

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

91.50
91.00

operators.

A

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

BOYS AN0 G I R L S ) -

j t L K t 1A K I t j
b o o k k e e ping - m achine

Average

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

CONT IN UE D

LL Aj j

( B OOKKEE PI NG
5T
55

M a y 1972)

Average
Number
of

45

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OCCU PA TI ON S

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE 1
MANUFACTURING — — — — ——— —— ——

BILLERS,

P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,

43

1H

38.5

109.50

«
*

P RO FE SS IO NA L AND TE CHNI CAL
O CCUPATI ONS
v U H l U I LK

LJr L K A 1 UK j f

vL Aj j

A

operators.

LLAoo

A

"■

———————————— —

I KAUL

33

156.50

141.00
144.00
133.50

39 0
3 7 .5

122 50
120.50
127.00

38 *0
56

39.0

120.00

24 7
177

38.0
37.5

88.50
86.00

47

150.00

30.0

26 5

37.5

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
800
COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS*

1 AA
.77*7?

?7

18 3.00
193.50

36

38 .5

28

38.0

14 5.50

42

i 9 n
3n . 0

257.00

6J
38
25

00
39 5
39.5 217.00
39.5 209.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERSy
NONMANUFACTURING

"

N U N n A N U r A U 1 U K I NO

301
50
251

38.0
40 .0
37.5

N U N n A N U r A L 1 UK 1 N o

22 4
77

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

77
36

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

MANUFACTURING ———————— —— ———
—

K t 1A I L
w LtK K )|

1 K A UL

rATKULL

tn l
:
Zl

83.50
75.00

AS
a ,

!■??*??

3

*5

d.r\ n
^ *r

10

nn
.00

1 V*
131

T

"0
50

. ->r% ca

38.5

110.00
95.00
93.00

——

MANUFACTURING ————

-■■■ •

■■■

107.00
107.00
89.50

*8^
ILL 1A L L

35

1K A U L

38.5
38.5

143
108
35

0 0
4 0 .0

93

'•J^OO
0 7 . v0

40 .0

133 50
133.00

86

39.5
39.5

149.00
148.00

40

T RA N SC R I B I N G - M A C H I N E
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLA SS
MA NUF ACT I M I N G —
—
—
NONMANUFACTURING " "

A
—

fc——
— ——

See footnote at end of tables.




„o

21 5
138
77

39.5
39.5
38 .5

105.50
105.00
106.00

operators.

. . .

_

N U RS E S,
55

38.5

94.00

INDUSTRIAL

(RE GIST ERE D)

-------

1 7 ' 50
174.00
176.50

1
1
T a b le A -4 .

M ain ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t occu p atio n s

(A v e ra g e straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis by industry division, Providence—Pawtucket— arw ick, R . I —M a s s ., M ay 1972)
W
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s oJ*

Hourly earnings3

S
2.60

t
2.70

$
2.80

t
2.90

$
3.00

*
3 .10

$
3.20

t
3.30

S
3.40

t
3.60

S
3.80

t
4.00

t
4 .20

*
4.40

(
4.60

t
t
4 80 5 . 0 0

»
5.20

*
5.40

$
5.60

2.50

S e x , o c cu p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$
2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3 .20

3.30

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4 .40

4.60

4.80

5 00 5 . 2 0

5.40

5.60

over

-

3
3
~

-

3
1
2

3
2
1

2
2
-

5
3
2

37
33
4

28
19
9

16
16

11
3
8

11
5
6

6
6
“

2
-

-

5
-

-

*

5

-

8
8
-

3
3
-

17
17
-

7
6
1

17
15
2

49
33
16

54
54
-

23
22
1
1

42
40
2
2

16
8
8
6

8
8
8

-

59
-

*40
40
-

-

3
1
2
2

4

24
20

2
2

-

15
15

13
-

-

4
1

2
1
1

6
6

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

*

49
47

-

2
2
-

t

Number
of
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range

2

Under2 * * 0
$
and
2 . 4 0 under

and

MEN

C AR PE NTE RS , MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

145
105
40

$
3.90
3.80
4.18

$
3.84
3.79
4.22

$
3.66 3.64 3.80-

$
4.23
4.06
4.56

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

3T3
2T2
101
T6

4.46
4.27
4.96
5.29

4.26
4.13
5.42
5.43

3.85 3.66 4 .68 5 .38 -

5.41
4.48
5.46
5.47

E N G I N E E R S , STA TIONA RY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

135
58

4.37
4.46

4.09
4.55

4 .03 4 .05 -

4.65
5.02

-

F IR E ME N, STATI ONARY B OI LE R ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

160
134
26

3.30
3.24
3.61

3.23
3.23
3.55

2 .84 2 .84 2 .78 -

3.66
3.47
4.83

3

H E LP ER S , MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

ITT
150
27
2T

3.23
3.05
4.22
4.22

2.82
2.76
4.25
4.25

2.582 .56 4 .21 4.21-

3.84
3.45
4.29
4.29

M A C H I N I S T S , MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

47 7
443

4.37
4.40

4.19
4.24

3.813.80-

4.75
4.79

MEC HA NI CS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M AI N TE NA N CE ) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

239
44
195
172

4.63
3.94
4.79
4.73

4.69
3.86
4.98
* • 92

4.213.764.484 .36 -

5.16
4.14
5.17
5.15

MECHA NI CS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

557
272

3.92
3.68

3.94
3.77

3 .78 3.28-

4.00
4.12

MI LLWRI GHTS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

75
75

3.62
3.62

3.68
3.68

3.263.26 -

3.88
3.88

P A I N T E R S , MAI NTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

42
25

3.62
3.83

3.41
3.73

3.033 .18 -

4.16
4.19

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

80
80

3.85
3.85

3.85
3.85

3.38 3.38-

4.15
4.15

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

64 9
64 9

4.62
4.62

4.71
4.71

4.184 .18 -

5.10
5.10

*

Workers

were

distributed as fo llo w s :

See footnotes at end of tables,




-

1
-

-

9
9

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

.
-

11
11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
22
”

4
3
1

15
15

3

4
2
2

39
39

-

_

2
2
34
34

-

-

-

14
14
-

-

2
2

4

1

14
13
1

13
11
2

3
3

*

5
3
2

5
5

3
3

5
5

2
2

_

-

4
4

*

_

*

17
17

58
10

6
6

8
8

5
4
1

15
10
5

3
3

5
5

2
2

5
5

14
14

5
5

4

1
1

17

19
19

4

23
23

4
4

-

17
17

*

17
17

-

4

“
_
-

6

-

53
53

22
22

29
29

13
13

21
21

31
19
12
12

15

26
5
21
21

11
2
9
9

34
34
31

13
-

65
-

12
12

13
10

65
65

29
29
12

75
74

7
5

6

4

16

6b

277
37

6

*

3
-

13
13

22
22

5
5

4
4

2
2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

2

-

-

-

-

5
5

1

-

8

4

68

3

24
24

_

_

-

-

4
2

-

2
-

4

4

4
4

11
11

5
5

8

17
17

16
16

4
4

1
1

12
12

58
58

104
104

42
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

6

-

6

-

-

-

-

51
51

1C
10

-

-

56
56

i
i

1
1

59
59

70
38

11
11

3
3

3
3
-

59
59

13
13

1
1

2

4

34
34

5
5
-

3
3

4
4

1
1

9
9

_

2
2

42
41
1

3
3

-

-

11 at $6 to $ 6 . 2 0; 20 at $ 6 . 2 0 to $ 6 . 4 0; 1 at $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; 4 at $ 6 .8 0 to $7; a nd 4 at $7 to $ 7 .2 0 .

74
74

-

-

19
-

_
-

-

“
-

-

5
5

1
1

-

_

•

-

-

-

2
2

77
77

83
83

166
166

17
17

7
7

8
8

12
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m aterial m o v em e n t o ccupations

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu cket—W a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s ., M a y 1972)
M
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings3
$

t

1.60
Median^

Middle range ^

S

1.70 1.80

t

t

*

*

$

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.40

2.60 2.80

t

$

t

t

t

*

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

i
4.00

t

$

I

»

I

$

I

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.20

5.40

5.60

and
under
.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.40

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4 20

3
3

20
10
10

2

7

2

7

*

4
1
3
-

3
2
1
-

23

5
5

4.40

4.60

O
o

Mean ^

$

V*

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

4.80

MEN

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

744
22 2
522

$
2.17
2.64
1.96

$
2.02
2.52
1.89

$
1 .84 2 .40 1.80 -

$
2.44
2.94
2.06

100
-

30
-

146
146

67
67

61
28
33

50
25
25

98
77
21

27
25
2

19
18
1

19
19

30

80
2
78

15
15

100

*

“

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

2.93

2 .51 -

3.10

-

-

2

-

4

5

13

5

14

15

5

-

69

2.82

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURI NG ----------------------------------------

153

2.56

2.48

2 .35 -

2.67

-

-

-

-

-

24

20

64

20

4

-

14

3

4

J A N I T O R S , P OR TER S, ANO CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------R E T AI L TRADE --------------------------------------

1,090
575
515
70
85

2.54
2.56
2.52
3.46
2.44

2.45
2.46
2.45
3.70
2.52

2.202 .27 2.103.41 2 .07 -

2.77
2.77
2.74
3.76
2.75

-

18
18

20
20
-

55
12
43
-

11 4
43
71
-

66
34
32

219
101
118

129
95
34

-

-

-

11

-

7

5

4

229
149
80
4
8

23

12

32
9
23
5
2

46
26
20
5
10

54
46
8
2
1

55
35
20
17
1

41
2
39
34
1

LAB ORE RS , M ATERIAL HANDL IN G --------------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE --------------------------------------

1,098
876
222
60

2.73
2.65
3.02
2.67

2.73
2.71
3.08
2.39

2 .32 2.312.372 .03 -

3.01
2.95
3.55
3.46

-

12
10
2
2

35
25
10
10

31
27
4
4

59
52
7

192
157
35
13

136
114
22

45
24
21
-

64
62
2
2

109
46
63
23

22
22

-

-

-

-

7

-

23

-

142
130
12
4

193
181
12

-

23
21
2
2

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------

33 6
152
18 4

2.89
2.78
2.97

2.86
2.78
2.96

2 .71 2 .62 2.83-

3.33
2.87
3.52

-

16

4

10
6
4

-

10
2
8

26
26

47
47

118
48
70

10

66
16
50

-

6

10

21
5
16

“

P AC KE RS, S H I P P I N G -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

515
48 6

2.82
2.84

2.77
2.78

2 .62 2.70-

2.87
2.87

21
21

13
13

11
11

34
34

R E C E I V I N G CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------R E T AI L TRADE --------------------------------------

209
131
78
64

3.23
3.14
3.39
3.49

3.32
3.19
3.37
3.54

2.842.583.153.30-

3.69
3.66
3.93
3.94

31
13
18
18

15
9
6
6

42
39
3
3

24
24
24

3.55
3.53

8
1

4
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

“

-

,

•

16

-

-

-

-

2

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
33

19
12

72
58

172
172

134
128

4
4

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

29
25
4

2

-

10
10

“

-

-

20
16
4
4

26
15
11
1

-

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

S H I P P I N G CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ----------------------------------------

165
150

3.24
3.22

3.32
3.30

2.892 .86 -

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURI NG ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

198
164
34

3.04
3.05
3.01

2.99
3.02
2.59

2 .87 2.922.49-

3.37
3.36
4.06

-

-

-

-

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

5

-

TRUCKORIVERS
----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------R E T A I L TRAOE --------------------------------------

2,016
513
1,503
1,10 1
49

4.70
3.42
5.13
5.36
3.41

5.31
3.09
5.33
5.35
3.75

3 .76 2.795 .28 5.322 .59 -

5.35
4.04
5.37
5.37
3.90

-

-

-

18
11
7
“

TR U CK D Rl VE R S, L I GH T (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

155
135

2.68
2.71

2.71
2.73

2.512.52-

2.88
2.89

TRU CK D RI V ER S , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I N C L U D I N G A T O NS ) ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

351
145
206

4.03
3.61
4.33

3.68
3.09
3.78

3 .10 3.013 .65 -

5.19
5.10
5.34

See fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le s .




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

“

*

*

2
2

-

2
2

-

6

3
3
3

7

-

1
1

6
6

29
14
15
4
11

21
10
11

9
5
4

60
60

27
27

27
27

30
30

-

“

-

-

-

*

3
3

61
57
4

69
66
3

73
66
7

67
67

-

75
61
14

-

5
3
2
2

*

14

4

2

2

“

"

21
5
16
6
10

50
41

31
29

30
30

3
3

19
19

16
11
5

9
7
2

16
15
1

50
45
5

21
21

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

”

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

“
*

”

9

7
5
2

-

-

-

-

-

9

46
45

-

-

-

-

-

.

15
15

_

-

“
-

“

-

35
31

-

6
4
2
2
11
11

13
13

_

“

1
1

19
19

18
11

-

1
1
-

6

11
11

152
43
109
2
6

1
1
-

*

*

•

*

*

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

2

-

-

-

-

*

2

•

“

“

24
23
1
1

51
44
7

-

*

*

3
3

-

-

-

62
41
21

-

1297
-

1
1

-

1297
1086

“

*

*

*

37
37

84

•

•

*

84

*

2

2
1
1

96
3
93

17
2
15

_
*

*

-

-

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto dial and m a te ria l m o v em e n t o c c u p a tio n s -----C o ntin u ed

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u di e d on an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k ,

?
Median2

Middle range 2

s

1.60

Number
of
Mean 2

1.70 1.80 1.90

TRUCKORIVERS -

t

$

i

$

1

I

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.60 2.60

I

l

*

$

*

I

t

»

$

t

t

i

*

t

2.80

3.00

3. 2C

3.60

3.60

3.80

6.00

6.20

6.60

6.60 6 .8 0

t

5.00

5.20

5.60

5.20

5.60

5.60

21
-

1179
1179
977

_

“

1
1

and
under
1.70

HEN -

M a y 1972)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

R . I . —M a s s . ,

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.60

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.60

3.60

3.80

1
1

15
13
2

2
-

16
16
-

2
2
-

16
6
8

6 . CO 6 . 2 0

6.60

6.60

6.80

5.00

11
-

16
16
-

7
-

-

CONTI NUE D

CONTI NUED

TRU CK 0R IV E RS , HEAVY ( OVER 6 TONS,
T RA I L E R TYPE 1 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

1.283
53
1,230
977

$
5.26
3.51
5.32
5.38

$
5.33
3.29
5.36
5.35

$
5 .30 2 .98 5.315 .33 -

$
5.37
6.51
5.37
5.38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

T RUCKORI VERS , HEAVY ( OVER 6 TONS,
OTHER THAN T RA I LE R T Y P E I --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

21 6
167
67

6.07
3.82
6.97

6.23
3.77
5.31

3 .25 3.086.29-

6.75
6.66
5.36

T RUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

60 3
36 6

3.25
3.26

3.17
3.16

2 .95 2 .95 -

3.66
3.39

-

_

-

-

-

-

.

~

-

*

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S , PORTERS, AN0 CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

133
27
106

2.21
2.65
2.15

2.16
2.36
2.15

2.112.232.10-

2.37
2.67
2.19

7

13
13

3
3

5
3
2

63
2
61

11
11
*

P AC KE RS, S H I P P I N G ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

29 9
269

2.05
2.00

1.98
1.97

1 .93 1.92-

2.16
2.07

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

19
19

6
6

18
18

9
9

19
19

13
12

116
99

79
68

68
67

15
-

7
7
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

6

15
3
3

16
1

1
1

3

6

3

6

WOMEN

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

1

-

7
7

2

7

26
26

161
15 5

30
12

27
27

30
19

1

5

36
30
6

6
3
1

23
22

52
26

-

1
-

-

6
6

11

18
16
6

7
6
1

-

_

-

-

33
33

7

66
66

-

_

21

-

6
4

36
-

-

-

36
-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

14

F o o tn o te s

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs.
T h e m e d ia n
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the r a te shown,
T h e m id d le
ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O

F

I

C

E

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLE R , MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typew riter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille rs, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, inter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Perform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerica l accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing m ore complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerica l methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




F

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting clerica l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerica lly processing com­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or m ore routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness o f standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, F ILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
matter files. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

Class C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards ma­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o{ customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PA Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for oilers and plumbers.

15

unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
clerica l tasks required to maintain and service files.

16
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.

N O TE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerica l staff) are not considered to be
"corporate office rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or ve rify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; o r

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to beT followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; o r

MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office ma­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerica l and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine in­
quiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Class A

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial rela ­
tions, etc.) o r a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4.
S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an in d i v id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

etc. (o r

other equivalent level

5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational
unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, few er than 5,000 persons.
Class D

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "sec reta ry " possess the above characteristics.
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:
a.

Positions which do not meet the "personal"

b.

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); o r
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory worker.)

Examples

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

secretary concept described above;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially m ore complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

STENOGRAPHER
Prim a ry duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine
Operator, General).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and perform s m ore
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records,
or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.

17
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class A . Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences of long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prewired boards.

OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, proce­
dures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.

Class B. Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rger and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform limited telephone information service. ("L im ited " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

Prim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerica l work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.

These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.

TYPIS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.

Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following; Typing material in final form when
it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.
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COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet
special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or programer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.
For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to m inim ize downtime;
the programs are of complex design so that identification of erro r source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing




Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts: or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.
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COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new programs required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In common erro r situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
programed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine programs. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May assist higher level operator on complex programs.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program er develops the precise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation

18
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — Continued

of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters
programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or programers prim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, programers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range o f programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level programer by independently per­
forming less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to ve rify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LY ST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to
be used: outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in tria l runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall
operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programing should be clas­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and m ultiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COM PUTER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — Continued

every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problem s are of lim ited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. F or example,
may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised
during progress.
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the performance of most or all of the following tasks: Assembling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.

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ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

Electronic equipment or systems worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; e le c ­
tronic computers; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsmen, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)
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CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of elec­
trical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and r e frig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dis­
assembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in auto­
m obile repair shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or Jieavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PA IN TER , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

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P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types o f sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, forming,, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,' fixtures or dies fo r forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

SH E E T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting
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shops are excluded from this classification.
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PACKER, SHIPPING— Continued

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of employees and other persons entering.

and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse: dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fix ­
tures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: V erifyin g or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments: and maintaining necessary
records and file s.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

LABORER, M A TE R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or warehouse helper)

shelver; trucker;

stockman or stock helper;

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F ILLE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to fillin g orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places o f business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river- salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under l'/z tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to ve rify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F or wage study purposes, workers are classified by typ e.of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (fork lift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

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A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a re s u rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile su p p lies la s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

C o p ie s o f public r e le a s e s a re

A la s k a
A lb an y, Ga.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity , M ich .
A m a r illo , T e x .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u gu sta, G a —S.C .
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B rid g e p o rt, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C h a rle sto n , S.C.
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C olu m b ia, S.C.
Colum bus, G a —A la .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n —W is.
S
D urham , N .C .
E l Paso, Tex.

L ared o , T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L e x in g to n , K y.
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d .-V a .
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E scan ab a, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N ew London— roton — o rw ic h , Conn.
G
N
N o r th e a s te r n M aine
Ogden, Utah
O rla n d o, F la .
O xnard—V en tu ra, C a lif.
P an am a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o rts m o u th , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R en o, N ev .

Eugene,

Sacram ento,

O reg.

F a r g o — o o rh ea d , N . Dak.—M inn.
M
F a y e tt e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg — e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
L
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n , M d . - P a —W. V a.
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
G re e n s b o ro — inston Salem —H igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H a r ris b u r g , P a .
H u n ts ville , A la .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

C alif.

Santa B a rb a r a , C a lif.
S h re v e p o rt, La.
S p rin g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
T op ek a, K ans.
T u cson , A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C a lif.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D el.—N .J.—M d.

The tw e lfth annual r e p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , job a n a ly s ts , d ir e c t o r s o f p ers o n n e l,
b u y ers , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n icia n s , d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N ation al
S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, s e v e n ty - fiv e cents a cop y, fro m the Superintendent
o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r any o f its r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s .




☆

U

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S

.

G

O

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E

R

N

M

1972— N746-182/8
E
T

P

R

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A r e a W a g e Surv ey s
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d below . A d ir e c t o r y o f a re a w age studies inclu d in g m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the req u e st
o f the E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lletin s m a y be pu rch ased fro m the Superintendent
o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s ales o ffic e s shown on the in sid e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e

A k ro n , O hio, July 1971 1 __________________________________
1685-87,
40cents
Alban y—S ch en ectady—T r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------- 1725-49,
30cents
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1972 1
----------------------------- 1725-59.
35cents
A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m —E aston , P a.—N .J ., M ay 1.971----- 1685-75,
30cents
1685-69, 40 cents
A tla n ta, G a., M a y 1971____________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1971________________________________ 1725-16,
35cents
Beaum ont—P o r t A rth u r—O ran ge, T e x ., M ay 1972-------- 1725-69,
30cents
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1971 1____________________________ 1725-6,
35cents
1725-58,
30cents
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1971______________________________ 1725-27,
30cents
B oston, M a s s ., A u g. 1971__________________________________ 1725-11,
40cents
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1971........................................................ 1725-34, 45 cents
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1971_________________________________ 1725-25,
25cents
Canton, O hio, M ay 1971___________________________________
1685-71,
30cents
C h a rle s to n , W. V a ., M a r . 1972 1_________________________
1725-63,
35cents
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1972 1— ------------------------------------ 1725-48,
35cents
C hattanooga, T e n n - G a ., Sept. 1971---------------------------- 1725-14,
30cents
C h ic a g o , III., June 1971 1 ________ ______________________ — 1685-90, 70 cents
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—
K
Ind., F eb . 1972-------------------------- 1725-56,
35cents
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1971--------------------------------------- 1725-17, 40 cents
C olum bus, O hio, O c t . .1971---------------------------------------1725-19,
30cents
35cents
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1971____________________________________ 1725-26,
D aven p ort— ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—III., F eb . 1972 1
R
M
„
1725-55,
35cents
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1971 1_________________________________
1725-36,
35cents
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------1725-44,
35cents
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1971-------------------------------------- 1685-70,
30cents
D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972__________________________________ 1725-68,
40cents
D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1 ---------------------------------------- 1725-64,
30cents
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm
B each , F la . (to be s u rv e y e d in 1972)
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1971-------------------------------------- 1725-21,
30cents
30 cents
G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1971----------------------------------- — 1725-3,
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972________________________________ 1725-66,
30cents
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1971 1 ________________________________ 1685-67,
50cents
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b r u a r y 1972 1 ------------------------------ 1725-50,
35cents
In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O ct. 1971-------------------------------------- 1725-23,
30cents
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972------------------------------------------ 1725-38,
30cents
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1971_____________________________ 1725-39,
30cents
K ansas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1971--------------------------- 1725-18,
35cents
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s —N .H ., June 1971------------- 1685-83,
H
30cents
L it t le R ock—N orth L it t le R ock , A r k ., July 1971--------1725-4,
30cents
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B each and An ah eim —Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., M a r . 1971 1 --------------------------- 1685-66,
50cents
L o u is v ille , K y —Ind., N o v . 1971 1 ------------------------------- 1725-29,
35cents
Lu bbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1 --------------------------------------- 1725-57,
35cents
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1971-------------------------------------- 1725-2,
30cents
M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k ., N o v . 1971 1----------------------------- 1725-40,
35cents
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1971____________________________ ________ 1725-28,
30cents
M idland and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1972 1----------------------- 1725-37,
30cents
M
35cents
ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1971 --------------------------------------- 1685-76,

http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ 1 Data on
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A rea
M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, M inn ., Jan. 1972 1--------------------M u sk egon -M u sk egon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1971__________
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1______________
N ew H aven, C onn., Jan. 1972 1 ____________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1972_______________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1971________________________________
N o r fo lk —P o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1971 1...... ................................
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1971 1 _________________________
P a te r s o n — lift o n - P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1971______________
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a.—N .J ., N ov. 1971 1______________________
P h o en ix, A r i z . , June 1971_________________________ _____ __
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1971 1 ______________________________
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M ay 1971________________________
P ou g h k e e p s ie — in gston —N ew b u rg h ,
K
N .Y . (to be s u rv e y e d in 1972)
P ro v id e n c e —P aw tu cket—W a rw ic k , R .I.—M as s .,
M a y 1971 1 __________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1971___________________________________
R ich m on d , V a., M a r . 1971_________________________________
R o c h e s te r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu p ation s o n ly ), July 1971 1—
R o c k fo r d , III ., M ay 1971....................... ................................
St. L o u is , M o.—III., M a r . 1972_____________________________
Salt L ak e C ity , Utah, N o v . 1971---------------------------------San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972_______________________________
San B ern a rd in o — iv e r s id e —O n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
D ec. 1971____________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1971 1 _____________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., O ct. 1971 1______________
San J o se, C a lif., M a r. 1972________________________________
Savannah, Ga., M a y 1971___________________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1971___________________________________
S eattle—E v e r e tt, W ash., Jan. 1972------------------------------Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., D ec. 1971................... .......................
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1972 1 ______________________________
Spokane, W ash ., June 1971________________________________
S y ra c u s e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 ________________________________
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., N ov. 1971 1 _______________
T o le d o , Ohio— ic h ., A p r . 1971 1__________________________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1971 -------------------------------------------U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., July 1971 1 ...... ......................................
W ashington, D .C.—M d —V a ., A p r . 1971----------------------- W a te rb u ry, C on n .r M a r. 1972 -----------------------------------W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1971_________________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1971__________________________ ____ __
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1971______________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1 9 7 2 *______________________________________
Y o u n g s to w n -W a rre n , O hio, N o v . 1971 1— ------- ------------

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e
1725-45,
1685-82,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,
1725-7,
1685-79,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,

40 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents

!. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
JREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212

FIRST CLASS M AIL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

O FF IC IA L BUSINESS

ENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




o


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102